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Speaking about the "digital divide" applied to the Internet, we can observe several situations: A) Applied to Internet digital divide between countries in the world with Internet access (limited or not) and countries, almost no one has access to the Internet. B) Applied to Internet digital divide between countries in the world with Internet access without restrictions and the countries of world with Internet access restrictions. In this case, we refer to countries China, Iran or other countries. China has blocked access to social networks like Facebook or LinkedIn and other sites like Twitter. Iran, often block access to social networks and other websites if it benefits politically as with the revolts against Honi MUBARAK. Both China, Iran and other countries in addition to blocking social networks, websites, put filters on the search engines. C) Applied to Internet digital divide applied to people from countries that have Internet access but different groups or sectors of the population for various reasons do not have access to the tool of information technology and communication. In this case we speak of a country in which it is assumed that all people should have access to the Internet, but actually not. There are groups excluded either because of economic conditions or other issues, such as difficulties in accessibility for the elderly or others with certain health problems. In the world we are seven million people. Of which we have very limited Internet access. Internet, if used correctly, has become an indispensable tool for implementing the content of the articles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. So access to the Internet should be a major issue for individual states. On the other hand the inclusion of it in the catalog of human social and personal responsibilities of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, it is not necessary because in the Declaration are implicitly promoting the various rights that are obtained with the Internet and Information Technology and Communication.

The Universal Declaration of the Human Rights  

A presentation by Rubén Fernández Vela, during the REactor conference.

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