Article 11. Everyone has the right to presumption of innocence, that is they are innocent "until proven otherwise," plus there will be no retroactive punishment and not use the most severe penalty that was applicable at the time of crime. This article argues: a) the presumption of innocence, b) the right to be heard and c) the non-retroactivity of the law. Article 12. There should be no arbitrary interference on a) privacy, b) family, c) the address, d) correspondence and e) the attacks on the honor and reputation. Everyone has the right to protection. No one has the right to: a) interfere in the life of another person, b) to read the personal correspondence of another. We should do a review of this article and wonder in the world of Information Technology and Communication, what is understood from a social point of view, for intimacy? Article 13. Everyone has the right to: a) freedom of movement and b) choose the state you want to reside. Everyone has the right to: a) leave the country including his own and b) return to their country. Sovereign states decide they have to impose limits on immigration. Sometimes temporary restrictions are allowed, but not restrictions on political grounds. This article leads us to COVENANT ON CIVIL AND POLITICAL RIGHTS, which defines the concept of "emergency situation" means that which endangers the life of the nation and the existence of which is officially proclaimed. (organ inspector: HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR REFUGEES UNITED NATIONS) Article 14. Everyone has the right to seek asylum in any country from persecution. The concept of "asylum" refers to the shelter designed for a person in danger and whose purpose is to free you from that danger. (It happens in cases where the person comes from a country at war with a government or intolerant)
A presentation by Rubén Fernández Vela, during the REactor conference.