Barahona Located a three hour's drive west of Santo Domingo, was founded by French-Haitian General, Toussaint L'Overture. He believed Barahona's location was the perfect spot to build an alternate port to Santo Domingo's. The town itself is not really why people visit this area. There are a few small hotels and resorts in this region, but it's the surrounding landscape that is the real draw. The incredible natural environment includes mountains, lakes, interesting vegetation, and gorgeous coastline. The remote and hidden beaches are the prettiest you'll see in the Dominican Republic. A bigger attraction are the three national parks. The largest protected area in the country, Parque National Jaraqua, contains Laguna Oviedo, which is home to home to over 60 bird species, including the countries largest population of flamingos. Parque National Isla Cabritos, contains Lago Enriquillo, the largest salt water lake in the Antilles, located 45 meters below sea level, home of the American Crocodile. Parque Nacional Sierra de Baoruco is a mountainous park with rainforest vegetation. It is within this park that you can also visit the Larimar mines, which are located 40 km south of Barahona.
The Barahona & Pedernales region is the secret paradise of the Dominican Republic. The main reason any tourist goes to Barahona is for the beaches and the sun. But this region is real, and real people live here. You'll find so much more there: more mangos than you can eat, crayon-colored wood houses, tiled city parks, open verandas with rocking chairs, roosters at dawn, Caribbean breeze, platano, hand painted advertising on city walls and outside stores, avocado trees, sirens signaling the advent of morning, noon and evening, the azure waters of the Caribbean just beyond the town's horizon... The Enriquillo Lake provides a habitat for flamingos and iguanas and contains the largest reserve in the wild of American crocodiles. Stay quiet and enjoy the ambience.
History of Barahona Columbus discovered the island of Hispaniola (which he called La Hispaniola ) in 1492 and established it as his main base for the further exploration of the region. In 1697, the western part of the island came under French control, with the east remaining under Spanish control. In 1795, the city of Santo Domingo â€“ the oldest city in the Americas, founded by Columbusâ€™ brother, in 1496 â€“ was ceded to the French, followed by the rest of the island of