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OBJECT DRAWING                                                






CITY DRAWING                                            


CITY DRAWING                  









THE FUN PALACE ‘The Fun  Palace  was  not  about  technology.  It  was  about  people.’   ——   Cedric  Price  

                                        ARC1016   Professional   Study   YI   SHU   140007198


Notes from  the  sketchbook  

Idea for  the  video  

Script   To  start  the  whole  project,  I  read  the  documents  about  the  Fun  Palace  from  the   blackboard  and  website  at  first.  Then  I  took  notes  of  the  main  points  of  the  Fun   Palace   project:   site   of   the   Fun   palace,   Aim   of   the   Fun   palace   (social   and   for   the   people).   It   helped   me   to   understand   the   aim   of   the   project   and   focus   on   one   specific   area   in   3D   model   in   SketchUp.   After   went   through   the   tutorials   on   blackboard,  I  started  to  build  four  small  cubes  with  different  pattern  and  made   every   single   cube   to   be   a   component.   Then   put   them   as   a   group   and   build   up   the   whole   project.   In   addition,   I   chose   the   cinema   area   with   large   advertisement   screen.  After   finished   the   rendered   3D   Model,   I   exported   the   15seconds   video   as   well   as   the   3D   model   images.   Besides,   I   built   the   whole   project   in   Sketchup   to   export  the  correct  plan,  section  and  elevation.  Finally,  I  had  overlook  of  the  Fun   Palace   and   then   focus   on   the   artwork   image.   I   downloaded   the   image   from   the   blackboard   and   Photoshop   the   image   to   get   the   sense   of   the   space   and   how   people  integrate  in  this  environment.  All  in  all,  I  connect  notes  and  images  into   the  poster  with  Indesign.        


Artwork Image  Develepment  In  Photoshop  

          change  the  background  into  black  and  white  and  adjust  the  contrast  


            put  the  images  in  those  cinema  and  advertisement  board  area  and  add  colour                                  


Technical Drawings   These  are  exported  from  SketchUP  

PLAN  1:1000      

  SECTION  1:1000      

ELEVATION  1:1000          


3D Image  &  Flythrough  In  Sketchup  

start  with  small  block  and  made  as  a  component  then  put  into  a  group.    




References:   Document:   1. The  Fun  Palace  as  Virtual  Architecture   Cedric   Price   and   the   Practices   of   Indeterminacy.   Stanley   Mathews,   Hobart   and  william  Smith  Colleges.   2. Joan  Littlewood:  From  Agit-­‐Prop  to  the  Fun  Palce   3.­‐cedric-­‐price-­‐fun-­‐palace     Cedric  Price:  Fun  Palace  Accessed  at  13.April.2015     Images: se_id=_63414_1&content_id=_1801723_1     image  of  artwork  Accessed  at  18:25  29.April.2015­‐chow-­‐cinema-­‐advertis ement   image  on  artwork  Accessed  at  19:00  1.May.2015                                                    


Group poster      




LEARNIGN SUMMARY  DOCUMENT     The  projects  of  the  architecture  first  year  help  me  to  learn  architectural  skills        

and develop  my  creativity  and  understanding  different  styles  of  buildings.     CHARETTE   This   was   the   project   before   start   the   academic   year   and   it   was   a   group   project   with   different   stage   students.   We   used   many  different   materials   such   as   plastic   tube,  tea  bags  and  paints,  to  create  a  drawing  as  well  as  sense  of  visual  and  smell.       ROOM  BEYOND  THE  FRAME   This   project   the   focus   on   the   17th   century   Dutch   house.   This   helped   me   to   understand  the  style  as  well  as  the  structural  of  17th  century  Dutch  house.  After   the   professional   sections,   it   helped   to   know   how   to   draw   plans   and   section.   I   really  love  making  models.  The  tutors  help  to  improve  my  drawings  of  plan  and   section  during  presentation.  However,  the  tutorials  during  the  project  each  weak   was  not  helpful  as  I  expected  as  different  tutors  provide  different  ideas.     PORTFOLIO  PROJECT   I   really   enjoyed   this   project   as   I   always   wanted   to   make   a   container   for   store   my   files.  I  used  my  waste  pencils  to  make  the  surface  of  my  portfolio  case  as  well  as   to   recycle   the   pencils.   I   also   made   a   booklet   to   present   my   work   in   the   first   semester.     ROW  HOUE  TYPOLOGY   I   did   the   model   part   for   my   group   work   for   row   house   typology.   The   model   making  part  helps  me  to  understand  every  single  detail  in  the  tall  house  designed   by  Terry  Pawson.     ROW  HOUSE  LIVING   This  the  first  house  design  project  for  me.  As  I  always  enjoy  model  making,  thus  I   made  quite  a  few  study  models  before  I  start  my  final  design  model.  Tutor  gives   me  a  lot  of  advices  for  the  design  and  pointed  out  my  mistakes.  I  used  curvy  roofs   and   circle   windows   to   start   with   my   design,   unfortunately,   my   client   does   not   like   it   at   the   end.   I   learn   that   I   need   to   be   aware   that   what   architect   likes   sometimes   is   not   what   client   wants.   The   mark   of   this   project   was   not   pleasant,   however,  I  improved  my  drawing  skills  during  this  project  and  learnt  a  lot  from   the  row  house  project.     The   first   year   study   is   fun   and   I   learnt   quite   a   lot.   Moreover,   I   really   enjoy   the   time  working  in  the  studio  and  share  and  change  ideas  with  other  people  in  the   studio.      








Student review  

      student  review    


Final review    






















YI SHU  (Victoria)   140007198   ARC1011   Introduction  to  Architectural  History     Question  2:   Identify   an   element   or   space   within   your   building   or   its   grounds   with   qualities   that   particularly   interest   you   and,   making   use   of   observational   drawings,   diagrams,   photographs   and   descriptions,   explore   it   in   relationship   to   one   or   more   of   the   following:   historical   development,   social/   cultural   context   and   use,   other   similar   examples,   use,   spatial   qualities   and   experience,   materials   and   craftsmanship,  construction,  symbolism.                      

A Journey  to  The  Durham  Cathedral    



Durham Cathedral   is   one   of   the   greatest   Norman   buildings   in   England   and   it   is   a   Roman  Catholic  Cathedral  as  well.  It  set  in  the   medieval  city,  which  surrounded  by  the  River   Wear  and  next  to  the  castle.  In  addition,  it  is   the   burial   place   of   both   St   Cuthbert   and   the   Venerable  Bede.  The  full  name  of  the  Durham   Cathedral   is   the   Cathedral   Church   of   Christ,   Blessed   Mary   the   Virgin   and   St   Cuthbert   of   Durham.   Durham   Cathedral   remained   one   of   the   biggest   and   most   completed   Norman   Durham  Cathedral   building   in   the   Romanesque   style.   The   Website   observed   that   UNESCO   inscribed   Durham   Cathedral   on   the   World   Heritage  list  in  1986.       History  of  Durham  Cathedral   The   research   shows   that   human   lived   in   Durham   2000   years   ago.   Whereas   Viking   invaded,   the   cenobites   on   Holy   Island,   also   was   named   as   Lindisfarne   Island,   moved   St.   Cuthbert’s  body  to  a  safer  place.  After  hundreds  of  years,   it   was   moved   to   Durham   and   buried   in   a   rock   church,   which  was  on  the  top  of  the  mountain  around  River  Wear.   The   church   was   named   White   church   and   this   is   the   beginning  of  Durham  Cathedral.  The  original  purpose  was   to   build   as   a   monastic   cathedral   for   a   community   of   Benedictine   monks.   At   the   very   beginning,   William   I   Elevation   Walcher,   the   duke   of   Normandy   conquered   England   and   created   the   Dynasty   Norman.   He   founded   the   value   of   Durham   because   of   the   great   location   of   Durham.   Thus   he   made   Durham   as   center   of   polity   and   authority   of   religion.   Furthermore,   he   appointed   abbot   of   the   Abbey   of   Saint   Vincent   of   Le   Mans,   who   is   a   monk   of   Norman   as   the   first   bishop   of   Durham   Cathedral.   The   castle   next   to   the   Cathedral   was   used   as   the   accommodation   of   the   first   bishop.   In   addition,   it   also   fortified   the   authority   of   the   prince-­‐bishops   over  England’s  northern  border  to  serve  both  political  and  military  function.  The   bishopric   dates   from   995   and   it   built   from   1093   to   1133.   Hundreds   of   years   of   monastic   life   in   Durham   Cathedral   ended   in   December   1539.   Besides,   it   was   re-­‐founded  again  after  May  1541,  the  last  prior  became  the  first  Dean  and  twelve   former   monks   became   the   first   Canons.   However,   it   was   closed   during   the   civil   war   as   it   was   used   to   incarcerate   3,000   Scottish   prisoners   in   1650.   Furthermore,   the   Chapter   House   was   rebuilt   to   the   original   design   in   1895   and   the   stone,   which  was  chisel  off  was  renewed  as  well.  There  is  a  slightly  different  between   the  original  windows  and  the  new  windows.  Now  the  Durham  Cathedral  is  used   for  wedding,  baptisms,  and  funeral  and  organists.    


The Architectural  Design  of  Durham  Cathedral   The  Durham  Cathedral  has  three  towers  and  central   body.   It   mainly   consists   of   the   Nave;   the   Choir   and   the   accompanying   Aisles.   These   were   built   to   Carileph’s   designs   from   1093   to   1135.   Inside   the   Cathedral,   the   nave   is   the   most   important   architectural   elements   of   the   Durham   World   Plan   Heritage   as   it   evaluates   a   turning   point   in   the   history   of   architecture.   It   is   also   especially   occurrence   for   its   huge   spiral   and   zig-­‐zag  decorated  Cylindrical  Piers  and  the  larger  multiple  columned  Compound   Piers.  According  to  the  Website,  ‘The  use  of  stone  ‘ribs’   forming   pointed   arches   to   support   the   ceiling   of   the   nave   was   an   important   achievement   and   Durham   Cathedral   is   the   earliest   known   example.’   The   pointed   arch   was   succeeded   to   be   a   structural   element   for   the   first   time   here   in   this   building.   Semi-­‐circular   arches,   the   type  used  prior  to  the  approval  of  the  structural  pointed   Section   arches.   There   are   limitations   of   which   are   that   the   point   arches  replaced  semi-­‐circular  allowing  for  greater  height  and  width.  It  was  also   achieve  the  pursuit  of  the  divinity.  The  stone  ribs  and  pointed  arches  give  some   advantages.   Firstly,   the   creation   of   the   inflexible   geometry   of   semi-­‐circular   arches   to   let   the   pointed   arches   overcome   the   difficulties.   It   also   enabled   different   spans   arches   to   rise   up   to   the   same   height.   Secondly,   stone   ribs   allow   the   filling   to   be   thinner   as   well   as   to   become   lighter.   It   provides   extra   support   to   the  vault  at  critical  points.  They  also  help  to  transfer  the  weight  from  the  ceiling   downward  towards  to  the  walls,  thus   avoiding  structural  problems.  They  are  the   main  supporting  structural  elements  of  the  ceilings  to  carry  loads  of  the  ceiling  in   spit  of  inducing  the  importance  of  walls.  This  creates  opportunity  to  design  much   larger   windows   to   bring   lights   into   the   Cathedral.   Last   but   not   least,   stone   ribs   are  aesthetic   enough  to  make  the  roof  looks  light   and  graceful.  The  greater  height  of  Cathedral  was   achieved   by   significant   of   the   ribbed   vaults.   In   addition,   it   also   influenced   the   way   to   build   Cathedrals,   such   as   Peterborough   Cathedral,   was   built   in   the   early   12th   century.   The   roof   of   the   nave  is  wooden  and  far  from  the  ground  as  well   as  the  Chester  Cathedral.  I  have  been  to  Chester   during   Easter   holiday.   The   wooden   ceiling   was   surprised   me,   and   it   was   even   lighter   than   Durham  Cathedral  as  more  large  windows  were   inserted   in   this   cathedral.   In   later   Gothic   buildings,   flying   buttresses   were   important   Chester  Cathedral   element   to   resist   the   sideways   thrust   of   a   vault,   though   they   are   not   easily   to   be   found   in   Durham   Cathedral.   Furthermore,    


Durham Cathedral   might   be   the   first   building   to   receive   ribbed   vaulting   in   Europe  and  first  Cathedral  use  stone  to  built  whole  building  in  the  UK.     Personally,   the   Nave   part   in   the   Durham   Cathedral   attracts   me.   Not   only   because   it   is   the   most   important   architectural   element   in   the   Cathedral,   but   also   different   pattern   and   massive   drum   Columns   appeared   and   attracted   me   at   the   first   time   I   walked   into   the   Cathedral.   There   was   another   special   part   interested   me   most,   Nave   which   is   the   door   handle.   There   were   two   lion   shaped   door  handles,  which  reminded  me  of  ancient  Chinese  door   handle.   The   advanced   design   appears   in   this   middle   Door  handle   century   Cathedral.   The   design   of   ribbed   vaulting   influences   later   British   Cathedrals,   such   as   the  choir   in   St.   Peter   and   St.   Paul   in   Bath,   with   magnificent   interior   design   and   rigid   windows   to   lighter   the   whole   building.       In  conclusion,  Durham  Cathedral  is  memorable  for  its  influential  ribbed  vaulting   design,  as  well  as  it  is  the  first  Cathedral  used  stone  as  main  material  to  build  the   building.   Although   Durham   Cathedral   is   a   Norman   building   remained   in   Romanesque   style,   it   still   kept   the   elements   of   Gothic   Architecture   and   it   also   simplified  them.                                      


Reference   Website:­‐to-­‐do/durham-­‐attractions/durham-­‐cathe dral-­‐p23081     Durham  Cathedral  accessed  29.03.2015  18:38­‐of-­‐durham-­‐cathedral   History  of  Durham  Cathedral  accessed  29.03.2015  19:00   History  of  Durham  Cathedral  accessed  03.04.2015  14:18     What  Is  Durham  Cathedral?  Why  Is  IT  Architecturally  Important?  Accessed  04.04                                                                


Module Code:  ARC1012  Principles  And  Theories  Of  Architecture  1.1   Name:  Yi  Shu  (Victoria)   Student  Number:  140007198   Project  Supervisor:  Pro.  Andrew  Ballantyne   Submission  Time:  28.11.2014   Word  count:  1537  words  (Body)                         1571  words  (Total)       TITLE:     READING  A  BUILDING:  CASA  BATLLÓ      


This essay will focus on the building that I admired and my personal feeling about this building. Antonio PlĂ cid Guillem GaudĂ­ is one of the most famous and influential Catalan architects around the world. Antonio GaudĂ­ stressed that the straight line belongs to the human, but curve belongs to God. Thus, GaudĂ­ was crazy about using curves to create geometric arches. However, he was also called ‘lunatic’ as he always used curves in each building design, which was brave and unique. It also influenced later architects and artists such as Dali. In the master’s work, one of my favourite buildings is Casa BatllĂł. Casa BatllĂł is a modern and perfect example of Art Nouveau piece in Gaudí’s work and it was his second to last apartment house project. It is not only modern but also original. It was built between 1904 and 1906 for a private middle-class family in the heart of the city. In total, the house had a surface area of over 5,000đ?‘š! . Casanelles (1967) explained that ‘Casa BatllĂł was described as a Hans Anderson fairy tale.’ It was not about designing a new house, but keeping the basic structure and changing the vulgar appearance as well as adapting the main floor. Moreover, there were a small number of substantial changes to the construction, which were artists’ tricks. GaudĂ­ not only worked with the limitation of space, but also created a sense of larger space with the use of curves.   The most attractive and remarkable feature of this building is that there are no edges or corners that exist in the house as GaudĂ­ was obsessed with organic shapes and geometry forms. It frequently appeared in his designs.   GaudĂ­ was influenced by natural elements, such as animals, plants, natural colour and light, which is demonstrated on this building. Passersby on the street, see enormous pillars which look like the feet of a gigantic elephant standing from the façade. According to Zerbst (1999), the façade covers a space between two buildings, which includes mighty small but elegantly curved balconies. Bird’s nests on a cliff influenced them. His synthesis of animal shapes like undulating bones and skeleton. The façade is glazed in montjuĂŻc stone, which is standstone with ceramic circles, coloured glass and shaped balcony. GaudĂ­ applied numerous colours with small round plates and fish scales to decorate the façade including the roof. The roof is serrated with blue and brown potbellies and it provides a story line for the  

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building which seems similar to that of St. George’s Dragon. From the World Wide Internet, it also looks like a giant dinosaur. Not only are the surfaces iridescent, but they also shift from golden orange to bluish-green in a complex counter change. Zerbst (1999) observed that the roof was originally very narrow, and at the base there were enormous dimensions. The outer walls are made of leather, which appears soft and natural. In addition, there is a huge iron gate on the façade; Salvador Dalí said it seems as if it is made of soft calfskin doors. It seems that going through the giant iron gates leads you into a palace. The thickness of the arcade around the entrance is in truly magnitude proportions. Casanelles (1967) described that a hand, which had switched a pencil for a sculptor’s chisel, shaped interior and exterior surfaces. Another aspect appeared in the design is the ocean, which influenced Gaudí as well. He combined the element of sea with his interior design. Hence he use blue as the main colour. Although it is common knowledge that blue make people feel depressed, from my point of view, it just gives a feeling of tranquility. The walls were designed to be curved like the waves of the ocean. Furthermore, he also used small blue tiles to create an essence of the smooth skin of a sea serpent. Ornamentation was one of the important aspects in Gaudí’s design. According to Martinell (1975), Gaudí suggested that ornamentation is to represent the projects with poetic ideas and to establish motifs, which can catch people’s eyes. It also influenced later Art Nouveau as well. The outer façade is ornamented with pieces of assortment and ceramic tiles. He also put glass on the top of the building to allow natural light in, as there are no straight lines or smooth surfaces the building seems to move in the morning sunlight as if to the rhythm of the sea. In addition, the glossy curves of the upper part are supported by the plain form on the ground floor have gleamed in the shimmering combination of vegetable and marine elements, which establish the Casa Batlló. There are six floors in this house. The platform is located on the noble floor, which is the first floor of the main building. On this noble floor, there is a roomy landing with direct views to the blue plowing of the building wall as well as the street view. It currently houses a museum open to the public. It was designed with rounded surfaces and gives a strong impression of a mounded clay


sculpture. The carved banister was made of fine hardwood to represent the spine of animals. Furthermore, the egg-shape stone frames the windows of the first floor as well as dividing the building into columns externally, which make the room look more sophisticated and peaceful. The cast-iron railings are supplemented, engulfed and flattered by softly rolling elements of walling and plaster. I was impressed that there were no corners and straight lines to fluid motion materials. Moreover, the light inside on the first floor is unique with the shape of the shelf. The grey and white hall catches the light from street and gets the reflection of the light into dark areas of the house, whilst in the upper part the colour changes to a deep blue breaking the stream of light, which comes from the roof. The result of these lights is harmonious and continues to bathe and surround the surfaces in movement. Even the rigidity of the doors on each floor is moderated into movement. Furthermore, bricks are preferred and they are not even used as ornaments in Batlló and perfectly commanded with technique. A parabolic brick structure supports the slope of the roof. An iron structure supports the skylight and gives light to the staircase. In his exclusive interior design, he used wood and glass as the main materials for doors and furniture, which provides a greater special flexibility. The furniture as well as the door handles he designed is matched in ergonomics. In this house, Antonio Gaudí designed plenty of rooms for different uses with different facilities in each room. He used a rounded corridor to save space and connect all of the rooms. The white arch roof before entering the rooftop is one of elements that I most admired. The corridor, which provides access to the back rooms, has several arches with hidden lights inside. When the lights are on, it will brighten the whole dark corridor. Whilst the corridor is blocked, the hidden light and massive arch roofs make the corridor extremely peaceful. Apart from this, these parabolic diaphragm arches cross the roof of the corridor, there is a small spiral staircase to the top floor, which is my favourite part in his design. Hidden lights are also designed on the wall. Taking architecture into account, different height arch roofs and spiral staircases give a feeling of space. It is a delightful amalgamation of the aesthetic and the functional. On the top floor, he used mosaic of trencadis style and city views can be seen from the top floor. Mower (1977) observed that Gaudi added a fifth floor as a servants’ living area, which provides a new and varied reorganization of room spaces on the main floor. Gaudí made some changes to this building. He put a courtyard on the  


second floor with different unique ornamentation. There are some colourful glasses on the side of the wall in the courtyard, in which flowers are put there for decoration. He also remodelled the façade so that it could compete with its neighbour and harmonize the street. In conclusion, the designing of round shaped furniture, roofs and windows gives everything a wavy and undulating shape. I was impressed by the no straight-line theory of his design, sculptured and colourful façade and inspiration from nature’s element such as animals and sea. Nevertheless, he transferred it flawlessly into his design. Overall, Casa Batlló is a masterpiece of shape, colour and light with enormous and fascinating curves and with the theories of rationalism and modernism. It demonstrates the best vanguard of late 20th century architecture.


References: Books: Rainer Zerbst (1999) Antonio Gaudí : The Complete Buildings

Richard. Weston (2011) 100 Ideas That Changed Architecture: The applied decoration of design. ORNAMENT 48-49

E.Casanelles (1965) Antonio Gaudi; A reappraisal

David Mower (1977) Gaudí: Gaudí and his Work, Opinions of Gaudí. Page 52-57

César Martinell (1888-1973. 1975) Gaudí: his life, his theories and his work

Website: accessed on 22.11.2014 2:29pm Casa Batlló; work of Art, Gaudí architectural treasure, the building. accessed on 22.11.2014 3.22pm AD Classics: Casa Batlló/ Antoni Gaudí

The pictures were took and sketched by myself. 2015 15:11 al-­‐importance   Architecture  Accessed  04.04.2015  16:00    

79   Durham  Cathedral  Accessed  05.04.2015  22:34     All  the  photographs  were  taken  by  myself.     The  elevation,  plan,  section,  nave  and  door  handle  are  hand-­‐drawings.                                                                                  


ARC1013 Architectural  technology  report  

RC1013#Architectural#Technology#1.1#Course#Work#2014E2015# Beyond# he#Frame-17th#century#Dutch#house#

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ARC1014 Architectural  technology  report  





Row house  typology  booklet    












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