THE FUN PALACE ‘The Fun Palace was not about technology. It was about people.’ —— Cedric Price
ARC1016 Professional Study YI SHU 140007198
Notes from the sketchbook
Idea for the video
Script To start the whole project, I read the documents about the Fun Palace from the blackboard and website at first. Then I took notes of the main points of the Fun Palace project: site of the Fun palace, Aim of the Fun palace (social and for the people). It helped me to understand the aim of the project and focus on one specific area in 3D model in SketchUp. After went through the tutorials on blackboard, I started to build four small cubes with different pattern and made every single cube to be a component. Then put them as a group and build up the whole project. In addition, I chose the cinema area with large advertisement screen. After finished the rendered 3D Model, I exported the 15seconds video as well as the 3D model images. Besides, I built the whole project in Sketchup to export the correct plan, section and elevation. Finally, I had overlook of the Fun Palace and then focus on the artwork image. I downloaded the image from the blackboard and Photoshop the image to get the sense of the space and how people integrate in this environment. All in all, I connect notes and images into the poster with Indesign.
Artwork Image Develepment In Photoshop
change the background into black and white and adjust the contrast
put the images in those cinema and advertisement board area and add colour
Technical Drawings These are exported from SketchUP
3D Image & Flythrough In Sketchup
start with small block and made as a component then put into a group.
References: Document: 1. The Fun Palace as Virtual Architecture Cedric Price and the Practices of Indeterminacy. Stanley Mathews, Hobart and william Smith Colleges. 2. Joan Littlewood: From Agit-‐Prop to the Fun Palce 3. http://www.cca.qc.ca/en/collection/283-‐cedric-‐price-‐fun-‐palace Cedric Price: Fun Palace Accessed at 13.April.2015 Images: https://blackboard.ncl.ac.uk/webapps/blackboard/content/listContent.jsp?cour se_id=_63414_1&content_id=_1801723_1 image of artwork Accessed at 18:25 29.April.2015 http://www.wilper.com/207156/699351/gallery/hippie-‐chow-‐cinema-‐advertis ement http://media1.aso.gov.au/titles/berleisa/berleisa2_.jpg image on artwork Accessed at 19:00 1.May.2015
LEARNIGN SUMMARY DOCUMENT The projects of the architecture first year help me to learn architectural skills
and develop my creativity and understanding different styles of buildings. CHARETTE This was the project before start the academic year and it was a group project with different stage students. We used many different materials such as plastic tube, tea bags and paints, to create a drawing as well as sense of visual and smell. ROOM BEYOND THE FRAME This project the focus on the 17th century Dutch house. This helped me to understand the style as well as the structural of 17th century Dutch house. After the professional sections, it helped to know how to draw plans and section. I really love making models. The tutors help to improve my drawings of plan and section during presentation. However, the tutorials during the project each weak was not helpful as I expected as different tutors provide different ideas. PORTFOLIO PROJECT I really enjoyed this project as I always wanted to make a container for store my files. I used my waste pencils to make the surface of my portfolio case as well as to recycle the pencils. I also made a booklet to present my work in the first semester. ROW HOUE TYPOLOGY I did the model part for my group work for row house typology. The model making part helps me to understand every single detail in the tall house designed by Terry Pawson. ROW HOUSE LIVING This the first house design project for me. As I always enjoy model making, thus I made quite a few study models before I start my final design model. Tutor gives me a lot of advices for the design and pointed out my mistakes. I used curvy roofs and circle windows to start with my design, unfortunately, my client does not like it at the end. I learn that I need to be aware that what architect likes sometimes is not what client wants. The mark of this project was not pleasant, however, I improved my drawing skills during this project and learnt a lot from the row house project. The first year study is fun and I learnt quite a lot. Moreover, I really enjoy the time working in the studio and share and change ideas with other people in the studio.
ROOM BEYOND THE FRAME
ROW HOUSE TYPOLOGY
ROW HOUSE LIVING
PRINCIPLES AND THEORIES OF ARCHITECTURE
ARCHITECTURE TECHNOLOGY REPORT
YI SHU (Victoria) 140007198 ARC1011 Introduction to Architectural History Question 2: Identify an element or space within your building or its grounds with qualities that particularly interest you and, making use of observational drawings, diagrams, photographs and descriptions, explore it in relationship to one or more of the following: historical development, social/ cultural context and use, other similar examples, use, spatial qualities and experience, materials and craftsmanship, construction, symbolism.
A Journey to The Durham Cathedral
Durham Cathedral is one of the greatest Norman buildings in England and it is a Roman Catholic Cathedral as well. It set in the medieval city, which surrounded by the River Wear and next to the castle. In addition, it is the burial place of both St Cuthbert and the Venerable Bede. The full name of the Durham Cathedral is the Cathedral Church of Christ, Blessed Mary the Virgin and St Cuthbert of Durham. Durham Cathedral remained one of the biggest and most completed Norman Durham Cathedral building in the Romanesque style. The Website observed that UNESCO inscribed Durham Cathedral on the World Heritage list in 1986. History of Durham Cathedral The research shows that human lived in Durham 2000 years ago. Whereas Viking invaded, the cenobites on Holy Island, also was named as Lindisfarne Island, moved St. Cuthbert’s body to a safer place. After hundreds of years, it was moved to Durham and buried in a rock church, which was on the top of the mountain around River Wear. The church was named White church and this is the beginning of Durham Cathedral. The original purpose was to build as a monastic cathedral for a community of Benedictine monks. At the very beginning, William I Elevation Walcher, the duke of Normandy conquered England and created the Dynasty Norman. He founded the value of Durham because of the great location of Durham. Thus he made Durham as center of polity and authority of religion. Furthermore, he appointed abbot of the Abbey of Saint Vincent of Le Mans, who is a monk of Norman as the first bishop of Durham Cathedral. The castle next to the Cathedral was used as the accommodation of the first bishop. In addition, it also fortified the authority of the prince-‐bishops over England’s northern border to serve both political and military function. The bishopric dates from 995 and it built from 1093 to 1133. Hundreds of years of monastic life in Durham Cathedral ended in December 1539. Besides, it was re-‐founded again after May 1541, the last prior became the first Dean and twelve former monks became the first Canons. However, it was closed during the civil war as it was used to incarcerate 3,000 Scottish prisoners in 1650. Furthermore, the Chapter House was rebuilt to the original design in 1895 and the stone, which was chisel off was renewed as well. There is a slightly different between the original windows and the new windows. Now the Durham Cathedral is used for wedding, baptisms, and funeral and organists.
The Architectural Design of Durham Cathedral The Durham Cathedral has three towers and central body. It mainly consists of the Nave; the Choir and the accompanying Aisles. These were built to Carileph’s designs from 1093 to 1135. Inside the Cathedral, the nave is the most important architectural elements of the Durham World Plan Heritage as it evaluates a turning point in the history of architecture. It is also especially occurrence for its huge spiral and zig-‐zag decorated Cylindrical Piers and the larger multiple columned Compound Piers. According to the Website, ‘The use of stone ‘ribs’ forming pointed arches to support the ceiling of the nave was an important achievement and Durham Cathedral is the earliest known example.’ The pointed arch was succeeded to be a structural element for the first time here in this building. Semi-‐circular arches, the type used prior to the approval of the structural pointed Section arches. There are limitations of which are that the point arches replaced semi-‐circular allowing for greater height and width. It was also achieve the pursuit of the divinity. The stone ribs and pointed arches give some advantages. Firstly, the creation of the inflexible geometry of semi-‐circular arches to let the pointed arches overcome the difficulties. It also enabled different spans arches to rise up to the same height. Secondly, stone ribs allow the filling to be thinner as well as to become lighter. It provides extra support to the vault at critical points. They also help to transfer the weight from the ceiling downward towards to the walls, thus avoiding structural problems. They are the main supporting structural elements of the ceilings to carry loads of the ceiling in spit of inducing the importance of walls. This creates opportunity to design much larger windows to bring lights into the Cathedral. Last but not least, stone ribs are aesthetic enough to make the roof looks light and graceful. The greater height of Cathedral was achieved by significant of the ribbed vaults. In addition, it also influenced the way to build Cathedrals, such as Peterborough Cathedral, was built in the early 12th century. The roof of the nave is wooden and far from the ground as well as the Chester Cathedral. I have been to Chester during Easter holiday. The wooden ceiling was surprised me, and it was even lighter than Durham Cathedral as more large windows were inserted in this cathedral. In later Gothic buildings, flying buttresses were important Chester Cathedral element to resist the sideways thrust of a vault, though they are not easily to be found in Durham Cathedral. Furthermore,
Durham Cathedral might be the first building to receive ribbed vaulting in Europe and first Cathedral use stone to built whole building in the UK. Personally, the Nave part in the Durham Cathedral attracts me. Not only because it is the most important architectural element in the Cathedral, but also different pattern and massive drum Columns appeared and attracted me at the first time I walked into the Cathedral. There was another special part interested me most, Nave which is the door handle. There were two lion shaped door handles, which reminded me of ancient Chinese door handle. The advanced design appears in this middle Door handle century Cathedral. The design of ribbed vaulting influences later British Cathedrals, such as the choir in St. Peter and St. Paul in Bath, with magnificent interior design and rigid windows to lighter the whole building. In conclusion, Durham Cathedral is memorable for its influential ribbed vaulting design, as well as it is the first Cathedral used stone as main material to build the building. Although Durham Cathedral is a Norman building remained in Romanesque style, it still kept the elements of Gothic Architecture and it also simplified them.
Reference Website: http://www.thisisdurham.com/things-‐to-‐do/durham-‐attractions/durham-‐cathe dral-‐p23081 Durham Cathedral accessed 29.03.2015 18:38 http://www.durhamcathedral.co.uk/heritage/history-‐of-‐durham-‐cathedral History of Durham Cathedral accessed 29.03.2015 19:00 http://www.mafengwo.cn/i/983944.html History of Durham Cathedral accessed 03.04.2015 14:18 https://www.durhamworldheritagesite.com/architecture/cathedral What Is Durham Cathedral? Why Is IT Architecturally Important? Accessed 04.04
Module Code: ARC1012 Principles And Theories Of Architecture 1.1 Name: Yi Shu (Victoria) Student Number: 140007198 Project Supervisor: Pro. Andrew Ballantyne Submission Time: 28.11.2014 Word count: 1537 words (Body) 1571 words (Total) TITLE: READING A BUILDING: CASA BATLLÓ
This essay will focus on the building that I admired and my personal feeling about this building. Antonio PlĂ cid Guillem GaudĂ is one of the most famous and influential Catalan architects around the world. Antonio GaudĂ stressed that the straight line belongs to the human, but curve belongs to God. Thus, GaudĂ was crazy about using curves to create geometric arches. However, he was also called â€˜lunaticâ€™ as he always used curves in each building design, which was brave and unique. It also influenced later architects and artists such as Dali. In the masterâ€™s work, one of my favourite buildings is Casa BatllĂł. Casa BatllĂł is a modern and perfect example of Art Nouveau piece in GaudĂâ€™s work and it was his second to last apartment house project. It is not only modern but also original. It was built between 1904 and 1906 for a private middle-class family in the heart of the city. In total, the house had a surface area of over 5,000đ?‘š! . Casanelles (1967) explained that â€˜Casa BatllĂł was described as a Hans Anderson fairy tale.â€™ It was not about designing a new house, but keeping the basic structure and changing the vulgar appearance as well as adapting the main floor. Moreover, there were a small number of substantial changes to the construction, which were artistsâ€™ tricks. GaudĂ not only worked with the limitation of space, but also created a sense of larger space with the use of curves. Â The most attractive and remarkable feature of this building is that there are no edges or corners that exist in the house as GaudĂ was obsessed with organic shapes and geometry forms. It frequently appeared in his designs. Â GaudĂ was influenced by natural elements, such as animals, plants, natural colour and light, which is demonstrated on this building. Passersby on the street, see enormous pillars which look like the feet of a gigantic elephant standing from the faĂ§ade. According to Zerbst (1999), the faĂ§ade covers a space between two buildings, which includes mighty small but elegantly curved balconies. Birdâ€™s nests on a cliff influenced them. His synthesis of animal shapes like undulating bones and skeleton. The faĂ§ade is glazed in montjuĂŻc stone, which is standstone with ceramic circles, coloured glass and shaped balcony. GaudĂ applied numerous colours with small round plates and fish scales to decorate the faĂ§ade including the roof. The roof is serrated with blue and brown potbellies and it provides a story line for the Â
building which seems similar to that of St. George’s Dragon. From the World Wide Internet, it also looks like a giant dinosaur. Not only are the surfaces iridescent, but they also shift from golden orange to bluish-green in a complex counter change. Zerbst (1999) observed that the roof was originally very narrow, and at the base there were enormous dimensions. The outer walls are made of leather, which appears soft and natural. In addition, there is a huge iron gate on the façade; Salvador Dalí said it seems as if it is made of soft calfskin doors. It seems that going through the giant iron gates leads you into a palace. The thickness of the arcade around the entrance is in truly magnitude proportions. Casanelles (1967) described that a hand, which had switched a pencil for a sculptor’s chisel, shaped interior and exterior surfaces. Another aspect appeared in the design is the ocean, which influenced Gaudí as well. He combined the element of sea with his interior design. Hence he use blue as the main colour. Although it is common knowledge that blue make people feel depressed, from my point of view, it just gives a feeling of tranquility. The walls were designed to be curved like the waves of the ocean. Furthermore, he also used small blue tiles to create an essence of the smooth skin of a sea serpent. Ornamentation was one of the important aspects in Gaudí’s design. According to Martinell (1975), Gaudí suggested that ornamentation is to represent the projects with poetic ideas and to establish motifs, which can catch people’s eyes. It also influenced later Art Nouveau as well. The outer façade is ornamented with pieces of assortment and ceramic tiles. He also put glass on the top of the building to allow natural light in, as there are no straight lines or smooth surfaces the building seems to move in the morning sunlight as if to the rhythm of the sea. In addition, the glossy curves of the upper part are supported by the plain form on the ground floor have gleamed in the shimmering combination of vegetable and marine elements, which establish the Casa Batlló. There are six floors in this house. The platform is located on the noble floor, which is the first floor of the main building. On this noble floor, there is a roomy landing with direct views to the blue plowing of the building wall as well as the street view. It currently houses a museum open to the public. It was designed with rounded surfaces and gives a strong impression of a mounded clay
sculpture. The carved banister was made of fine hardwood to represent the spine of animals. Furthermore, the egg-shape stone frames the windows of the first floor as well as dividing the building into columns externally, which make the room look more sophisticated and peaceful. The cast-iron railings are supplemented, engulfed and flattered by softly rolling elements of walling and plaster. I was impressed that there were no corners and straight lines to fluid motion materials. Moreover, the light inside on the first floor is unique with the shape of the shelf. The grey and white hall catches the light from street and gets the reflection of the light into dark areas of the house, whilst in the upper part the colour changes to a deep blue breaking the stream of light, which comes from the roof. The result of these lights is harmonious and continues to bathe and surround the surfaces in movement. Even the rigidity of the doors on each floor is moderated into movement. Furthermore, bricks are preferred and they are not even used as ornaments in Batlló and perfectly commanded with technique. A parabolic brick structure supports the slope of the roof. An iron structure supports the skylight and gives light to the staircase. In his exclusive interior design, he used wood and glass as the main materials for doors and furniture, which provides a greater special flexibility. The furniture as well as the door handles he designed is matched in ergonomics. In this house, Antonio Gaudí designed plenty of rooms for different uses with different facilities in each room. He used a rounded corridor to save space and connect all of the rooms. The white arch roof before entering the rooftop is one of elements that I most admired. The corridor, which provides access to the back rooms, has several arches with hidden lights inside. When the lights are on, it will brighten the whole dark corridor. Whilst the corridor is blocked, the hidden light and massive arch roofs make the corridor extremely peaceful. Apart from this, these parabolic diaphragm arches cross the roof of the corridor, there is a small spiral staircase to the top floor, which is my favourite part in his design. Hidden lights are also designed on the wall. Taking architecture into account, different height arch roofs and spiral staircases give a feeling of space. It is a delightful amalgamation of the aesthetic and the functional. On the top floor, he used mosaic of trencadis style and city views can be seen from the top floor. Mower (1977) observed that Gaudi added a fifth floor as a servants’ living area, which provides a new and varied reorganization of room spaces on the main floor. Gaudí made some changes to this building. He put a courtyard on the
second floor with different unique ornamentation. There are some colourful glasses on the side of the wall in the courtyard, in which flowers are put there for decoration. He also remodelled the façade so that it could compete with its neighbour and harmonize the street. In conclusion, the designing of round shaped furniture, roofs and windows gives everything a wavy and undulating shape. I was impressed by the no straight-line theory of his design, sculptured and colourful façade and inspiration from nature’s element such as animals and sea. Nevertheless, he transferred it flawlessly into his design. Overall, Casa Batlló is a masterpiece of shape, colour and light with enormous and fascinating curves and with the theories of rationalism and modernism. It demonstrates the best vanguard of late 20th century architecture.
References: Books: Rainer Zerbst (1999) Antonio Gaudí : The Complete Buildings
Richard. Weston (2011) 100 Ideas That Changed Architecture: The applied decoration of design. ORNAMENT 48-49
E.Casanelles (1965) Antonio Gaudi; A reappraisal
David Mower (1977) Gaudí: Gaudí and his Work, Opinions of Gaudí. Page 52-57
César Martinell (1888-1973. 1975) Gaudí: his life, his theories and his work
Website: http://www.casabatllo.es/en/history/casa-batllo/ accessed on 22.11.2014 2:29pm Casa Batlló; work of Art, Gaudí architectural treasure, the building. http://www.archdaily.com/90689/ad-classics-casa-batllo-antoni-gaudi/ accessed on 22.11.2014 3.22pm AD Classics: Casa Batlló/ Antoni Gaudí
The pictures were took and sketched by myself. 2015 15:11 https://www.durhamworldheritagesite.com/architecture/cathedral/architectur al-‐importance Architecture Accessed 04.04.2015 16:00
http://www.englandsnortheast.co.uk/DurhamCathedral.html Durham Cathedral Accessed 05.04.2015 22:34 All the photographs were taken by myself. The elevation, plan, section, nave and door handle are hand-‐drawings.
ARC1013 Architectural technology report
RC1013#Architectural#Technology#1.1#Course#Work#2014E2015# Beyond# he#Frame-17th#century#Dutch#house#
ARC1014 Architectural technology report
Row house typology booklet