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TOBACCO Final Project


Menu PRODUCTS • • • •

Tobacco and cigarettes Carbon Monoxide Tar Other Tobacco products

EFFECTS • • •

Early effects ETS Social and Emotional Health effects

DISEASES • • • •

Cancer Respiratory Diseases Cardiovascular Diseases Other health problems

ADDICTION • • • • • •

Nicotine Tolerance Physical dependence Drug addiction Psychological dependence Withdrawal

QUITTING • • •

Relapse Cessation Using medicines

WHY PEOPLE USE • • • •

Peer pressure Modeling Advertising and Tobacco promotion Smokers and nonsmokers in USA and Mexico

BEING TOBACCO FREE. • • •

Ways to refuse tobacco products. Positive peer pressure Social health


Products • • • •

Tobacco and cigarettes Carbon Monoxide Tar Other Tobacco Products


Tobacco & Cigarettes

Tobacco

It can be consumed, used as a pesticide and, in the form of nicotine tartrate, used in some medicines.

Cigarettes


Carbon Monoxide & Tar

Carbon Monoxide

Is an odorless, colorless and toxic gas, makes it hard for the blood to carry oxygen

Tar Is a sticky substance that can coat the airways and can cause cancer.


Other Products

Bidis

Pipe

Cigares


Effects • Early effects • ETS • Social and Emotional Health Effects


Early Effects & ETS Chronic effect is a consequence that remains with a person for a long time: bad breath, persistent coughhing, excess mucus, and discolored teath. ETS

Is the mix of exhaled smoke and smoke from the end of lit cigarettes.


Social and emotional heatlh

• Tobacco use can put friendships in danger, some friends may be uncomfortable around smokers. • Tobacco use can also strain relationships with parents. • Teens smokers usually have tolie to their parents in order to keep their habit a secret. Lying and keeping secrets can be emotionally difficult. • Smokers also have emotional difficulty because they know that they are risking their health.


DISEASES • • • •

Cancer Respiratory disease Cardiovascular diseases Other health problems


Cancer All tobacco products contain cancer-causing chemicals. Smoking causes about 20 percent of all cancers. Tobacco use can cause cancers of the mouth, throat, bladder, pancreas, and kidney.


Respiratoy Disease

• The two most common smoking-related respiratory diseases are chronic bronchitis and emphysema. • Chronic bronchitis is a disease in which the lining of the airways becomes very swollen and irritated. • Emphysema is a disease in which the tiny air sacs and walls of the lungs are destroyed.


Cardiovascular Diseases • Are diseases of the circulatory system • These problems include heart disease, chronic high blood pressure, and stroke.

Other heatlh problems • • • •

Most tobacco products increase the risk of gum and dental diseases. Smoking during pregnancy can lead to pregnancy complications. Can cause several eye diseases. Makes easier for people to get sick and harder for them to recover.


Addiction • • • • •

Tolerance Physical dependence Drug addiction Psychological dependece Withdrawal


Nicotine, Tolerance, Drug addiction and Withdrawal

Nicotine • All forms of tobacco contains the drug nicotine. • Only a small amount of nicotine is needed to produce an effect

Tolerance • Is the process of the body getting used to a drug • Tolerance occurs as the body adapts to the effects of drug. Drug addiction • Is the inability to control one´s use of a drug Withdrawal • Is the way in wich the body responds when a dependent person stops using a drug


Physical and Psychological dependece Physical • Is a state in which the body needs a drug to function normally Psychological • Is a state in which you think that you need a drug in order to function,


Quitting • Relapse • Cessation • Using medicines


Relapse, Cessation and Using medicines Relapse

• Is to begin using a drug again after stopping for a while. • Peolpe often relapse when trying to quit an addiction to tobacco Cessation • Is the act of stopping something entirely and permanently. Using medicines

• Some medicines can reduse the discomfort of withdrawal. • Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) is a form of medicine that contains safe amounts of nicotinne


Why people use tobacco • • • •

Peer pressure Modeling Advertising and Tobacco promotion Smokers and nonsmokers in USA and Mexico


Peer pressure and Modeling Peer pressure Is a strong influences from a friend or a classmate Often influences a person´s ideas about tobacco Modeling Is basing your behavior on how others act Children often base their behavior on what they see around them.


Advertising and Tobacco Promotion

• People in tobaco ads often look young, attractive, healthy, and fit. These images are not related to the health problems caused by tobacco products • In 1999, $8.24 billion was spent promoting tobacco • Since 1966, all tobacco packaging has been required to show a warning from the Surgeon General. • Some brands of tobacco are designed to attract different groups of people.


Smokers and nonsmokers in USA and Mexico

• In 2010, near one of five adults of the EE. UU. (45.3 millions) smokes. • From 2005 to 2010, the bosses of consumption changed and the trend is that the persons smoke fewer cigarettes per day. • The percentage of smokers is 26,4 % in urban areas (information of 2.006). 60 % of the smokers is men and the rest, women. • They are approximately 13 million smokers active and added to the passive smokers, the total increases to approximately 48 millions.


Being Tobacco Free • • •

Ways to refuse tobacco products. Positive peer pressure Social health


Rejectiong an offer, Positive peer pressure and Social health

Ways to refuse tobacco products • You never need to give a reason for not wanting to smoke or chew tobacco. Simply saying “No” or “No, thanks” is enough to make your opinion known Positive peer pressure • Is an influence from friends that helps you to fo the right thing Social health • Being tobacco free leads to a healthy social life as well as strong physical health. • Relationships with family and other adults may also improve when a person does not use tobacco. • Good physical and social health can lead to good emotional health.


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