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Haiti

Health

Initiative

In-­House Style  Guide

By Victoria  Candland Updated  January  10,  2012


,ĂŝƟ,ĞĂůƚŚ/ŶŝƟĂƟǀĞ/ŶͲ,ŽƵƐĞ^ƚLJůĞ'ƵŝĚĞ          

      +DLWL +HDOWK ,QLWLDWLYH WKH ,QLWLDWLYH  LV D KXPDQLWDULDQ DQG QRQSUR¿W RUJDQL]DWLRQ EDVHG LQ 2UHP 8WDK 0HPEHUV WUDYHO WR +DLWL IRXU WLPHV D \HDU WR EHWWHU WKH KHDOWK RI RQH +DLWLDQ FRPPXQLW\ DW D WLPH 7KH RUJDQL]DWLRQ EULQJV KHDOWK VSHFLDOLVWV VXFK DV SHGLDWULFLDQV GHQWLVWV RSKWKDOPRORJLVWV ODERU DQG GHOLYHU\ QXUVHV DQG ZDWHU DQG DJULFXOWXUDO VSHFLDOLVWV WR +DLWL WR KHOS WKH ORFDOV OHDG KHDOWKLHU OLYHV LQ HY-­ HU\ ZD\7KH ,QLWLDWLYH KDV H[LVWHG RQO\ IRU D IHZ \HDUV EXW LWV PHPEHUV KDYH DOUHDG\ LPSURYHG PDQ\ OLYHV 0DUF$XUHO 0DUWLDO 51 03+ IRXQGHG WKH ,QLWLDWLYH LQ  ZLWK KLV IULHQGV 0DUF -RKQVRQ 0' DQG 0DWW &UDQH (VT7KHVH IRXQGHUV DQG RWKHU ,QLWLDWLYH PHPEHUV KDYH ZRUNHG PDLQO\ ZLWK WKH YLOODJH RI7LPR LQ +DLWL 7KHUH WKH\ KDYH VHW XS PHGLFDO FOLQLFV HGXFDWLRQDO FODVVHV ZDWHU WUDLQLQJ SURJUDPV DQG WKH OLNH HYHU\VL[PRQWKVVLQFHWKHRUJDQL]DWLRQ¶VIRXQGLQJ)RUPRUHLQIRUPDWLRQJRWRZZZKDLWLKHDOWKLQLWLDWLYHRUJ.               +DLWL +HDOWK ,QLWLDWLYH¶V LQKRXVH VW\OH JXLGH ZLOO JHQHUDOO\ IROORZ WKH VW\OH VXJJHVWLRQV IRXQG LQ The   Chicago   Manual   of   Style EXW ZLOO GHYLDWH DQG EH XQLTXH LQ FHUWDLQ ZD\V$OWKRXJK WKLV VW\OH JXLGH DGKHUHV to   many   recommendations   in   Chicago LW GRHV QRW IROORZ LWV QXPEHULQJ 7KH JXLGHOLQHV HVWDEOLVKHG LQ WKLV LQKRXVH VW\OH JXLGH DUH LQWHQGHG WR IRVWHU FODULW\ DQG FRQVLVWHQF\ LQ HYHU\WKLQJ WKH RUJDQL]DWLRQ ZULWHV DQG XOWLPDWHO\ SXEOLVKHV 7KLV JXLGH LV LQWHQGHG IRU D JOREDO DXGLHQFH DQG ZLOO XVH WHFKQLTXHV RI JORE-­ DO (QJOLVK SUHVHQWHG LQ -RKQ 5 .RKO¶V ERRN The   Global   English   Style   Guide:   Writing   Clear,   Translatable   Documentation   for   a   Global   Market   (2008,   SAS   Press:   Cary,   North   Carolina,   ISBN   978-­1-­59994-­657-­3).   7KLV LQFOXVLRQ RI .RKO EHQH¿WV WKH ,QLWLDWLYH VLQFH LWV HIIRUWV DQG ZULWLQJV UHDFK PXOWLSOH FRXQWULHV PRVW SDUWLFXODUO\WKH8QLWHG6WDWHVDQG+DLWL7KLVVW\OHJXLGHLVQRWDOOLQFOXVLYH²UDWKHULWZLOORQO\LQFUHDVHFRQ-­ VLVWHQF\UHJDUGLQJGHFLVLRQVWKDWGHYLDWHIURPChicago,  and  some  decisions  that  are  particular  to  the  Initiative.  

dĂďůĞŽĨŽŶƚĞŶƚƐ *OREDO(QJOLVK *UDPPDUDQG8VDJH 3 Names  and  Terms 1XPEHUV 'DWHV 6  Punctuation

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1 Global English 1.1 Limit  Sentence  Length 6KRUWVHQWHQFHVDUHOHVVOLNHO\WRLQFOXGHDPELJXLWLHVRUWRFRQIXVHWKHUHDGHUWKDQORQJHUVHQWHQFHV /RQJVHQWHQFHVIUXVWUDWHWUDQVODWLRQDQGUHGXFHUHDGDELOLW\.RKOUHFRPPHQGVWKDWVHQWHQFHVZLWKSURFHGXUDO LQIRUPDWLRQVKRXOGKDYHDZRUGOLPLWRIWZHQW\WRWZHQW\¿YHZRUGV)RUVHQWHQFHVRIFRQFHSWXDOLQIRUPDWLRQ WKHZRUGOLPLWVKRXOGEHWZHQW\¿YHWRWKLUW\ Example: ƚƚŚĞĮƌƐƚƚǁŽƐĐŚŽŽůƐ͕^ĐŚŽŽůŽĨƚŚĞŚŝůĚƌĞŶĂŶĚƟŶĐĞůůĞĚĞWůĂƚŽŶ͕ƚĞĂĐŚŝŶŐƚŽŽŬƉůĂĐĞŝŶŵƵůƟƉůĞŝŶĚŝǀŝĚƵĂů ĐůĂƐƐƌŽŽŵƐ͘In  those  classrooms͕ƐŚŽƌƚŵŝŶŝͲůĞƐƐŽŶƐǁĞƌĞƚĂŝůŽƌĞĚƚŽƟŵĞĂůůŽƚŵĞŶƚ͕ƐƚƵĚĞŶƚĂŐĞ͕ĂŶĚƚŚĞŵĂƚƵƌŝƚLJŽĨ ƚŚĞĐůĂƐƐƌŽŽŵ͘

127 ƚƚŚĞĮƌƐƚƚǁŽƐĐŚŽŽůƐ͕^ĐŚŽŽůŽĨƚŚĞŚŝůĚƌĞŶĂŶĚƟŶĐĞůůĞĚĞWůĂƚŽŶ͕ƚĞĂĐŚŝŶŐƚŽŽŬƉůĂĐĞŝŶŵƵůƟƉůĞŝŶĚŝǀŝĚƵĂů ĐůĂƐƐƌŽŽŵƐǁŚĞƌĞƐŚŽƌƚŵŝŶŝͲůĞƐƐŽŶƐǁĞƌĞƚĂŝůŽƌĞĚƚŽƟŵĞĂůůŽƚŵĞŶƚ͕ƐƚƵĚĞŶƚĂŐĞ͕ĂŶĚƚŚĞŵĂƚƵƌŝƚLJŽĨƚŚĞĐůĂƐƐƌŽŽŵ͘

1.2 >ĂƟŶďďƌĞǀŝĂƟŽŶƐ 2QHZD\WRIRVWHUJUHDWHUJOREDOFRPPXQLFDWLRQLVWRHOLPLQDWHWKHXVHRI/DWLQDEEUHYLDWLRQVVXFKDVetc.  Not   DOO(QJOLVKVSHDNHUVXVHetc.WKHUHIRUHLWLVEHWWHUWRVXEVWLWXWHLWZLWKZRUGVPRUHZLGHO\XQGHUVWRRGOLNHand   the  like,  and  so  on2WKHU/DWLQDEEUHYLDWLRQVWRDYRLGDUHe.g.  and  i.e,QVWHDGRIXVLQJe.g.,  use  for  example.   ,QVWHDGRIXVLQJi.e.,  use  that  is.   Example: ,ĂŝƟ,ĞĂůƚŚ/ŶŝƟĂƟǀĞďƌŽƵŐŚƚƚŽŽůƐĨŽƌƚĞĞƚŚĐůĞĂŶŝŶŐ͕ĞLJĞƐŝŐŚƚƚĞƐƟŶŐ͕ĂŶĞŵŝĂƚĞƐƟŶŐ͕  and  so  on.

127 ,ĂŝƟ,ĞĂůƚŚ/ŶŝƟĂƟǀĞďƌŽƵŐŚƚƚŽŽůƐĨŽƌƚĞĞƚŚĐůĞĂŶŝŶŐ͕ĞLJĞƐŝŐŚƚƚĞƐƟŶŐ͕ĂŶĞŵŝĂƚĞƐƟŶŐ͕etc.

Example: ,ĂŝƟ,ĞĂůƚŚ/ŶŝƟĂƟǀĞŚĞůƉĞĚĂůŽƚŽĨůŽĐĂůƐŽĨdŝŵŽ͖for example͕ǁĞŚĞůƉĞĚďĞƩĞƌƚŚĞĂŐƌŝĐƵůƚƵƌĞŽĨdŝŵŽďLJƉůĂŶƟŶŐ ŐĂƌĚĞŶƐ͘

127 ,ĂŝƟ,ĞĂůƚŚ/ŶŝƟĂƟǀĞŚĞůƉĞĚĂůŽƚŽĨůŽĐĂůƐŽĨdŝŵŽ;e.g.͕ƉůĂŶƟŶŐŐĂƌĚĞŶƐ͘Ϳ

Example: dŚĞĚĞŶƚĂůŚLJŐŝĞŶŝƐƚƐŚĞůƉĞĚƚŚĞĚĞŶƟƐƚƐ͖ that  is͕ƚŚĞLJŚĞůƉĞĚƚŚĞĚĞŶƟƐƚƐǁŝƚŚƚŚĞďĞŐŝŶŶŝŶŐƚƌĞĂƚŵĞŶƚƐĂŶĚůĞƚƚŚĞ ĚĞŶƟƐƚƐƉĞƌĨŽƌŵƚŚĞŵŽƌĞĂĚǀĂŶĐĞĚĚĞŶƚĂůƉƌŽĐĞĚƵƌĞƐ͘

127 dŚĞĚĞŶƚĂůŚLJŐŝĞŶŝƐƚƐŚĞůƉĞĚƚŚĞĚĞŶƟƐƚƐ͖i.e.͕ƚŚĞLJŚĞůƉĞĚƚŚĞĚĞŶƟƐƚƐǁŝƚŚƚŚĞďĞŐŝŶŶŝŶŐƚƌĞĂƚŵĞŶƚƐĂŶĚůĞƚƚŚĞ ĚĞŶƟƐƚƐƉĞƌĨŽƌŵƚŚĞŵŽƌĞĂĚǀĂŶĐĞĚĚĞŶƚĂůƉƌŽĐĞĚƵƌĞƐ͘

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1.3 ĚũĞĐƟǀĞƐƚŚĂƚ&ŽůůŽǁEŽƵŶƐ $GMHFWLYHVWKDWIROORZQRXQVWHQGWRPDNHV\QWD[ZRUGLHUWKDQQHFHVVDU\7KLVFRQVWUXFWLRQVKRXOGEHDYRLGHG ,QVWHDGFRQVLGHUH[SDQGLQJWKHDGMHFWLYHLQWRDUHODWLYHFODXVHRUDV\QWDFWLFFXH Example: ,ĂŝƟĂŶǁŽŵĞŶwhoǁĞƌĞŽůĚĞƌƚŚĂŶĮŌLJǁĞƌĞƚĞƐƚĞĚĨŽƌŐůĂƵĐŽŵĂ;ĂŶĞLJĞĚŝƐĞĂƐĞĂīĞĐƟŶŐƚŚĞƉƌĞƐƐƵƌĞŽĨŇƵŝĚƐƵƌͲ ƌŽƵŶĚŝŶŐƚŚĞĞLJĞͿ͘

127 ,ĂŝƟǁŽŵĞŶolderƚŚĂŶĮŌLJǁĞƌĞƚĞƐƚĞĚĨŽƌŐůĂƵĐŽŵĂ͘

1.4 hƐĞZĞůĂƟǀĞWƌŽŶŽƵŶƐŝŶZĞůĂƟǀĞůĂƵƐĞƐ ,Q(QJOLVKVRPHWLPHVWKHUHODWLYHSURQRXQFDQEHRPLWWHG+RZHYHULQ*OREDO(QJOLVK\RXVKRXOG almost  always  include  these  relative  pronouns,  such  as  that  and  whichWRPDNHWKHVHQWHQFHVWUXFWXUH explicit.   Example: dŚĞǁĂƚĞƌƚƵďĞƐ  thatƚŚĞƚĞĂŵĐůĞĂŶĞĚĂŶĚŵĞŶĚĞĚŚĂĚĂŶŝŶĐƌĞĂƐĞĚĂŵŽƵŶƚŽĨǁĂƚĞƌŇŽǁĂŌĞƌƚŚĞƌĞƉĂŝƌ͘

127 dŚĞǁĂƚĞƌƚƵďĞƐtheƚĞĂŵĐůĞĂŶĞĚĂŶĚŵĞŶĚĞĚŚĂĚĂŶŝŶĐƌĞĂƐĞĚĂŵŽƵŶƚŽĨǁĂƚĞƌŇŽǁĂŌĞƌƚŚĞƌĞƉĂŝƌ͘

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2 Grammar and usage Ϯ͘ϭ/ĚŝŽŵƐ %HFDXVH+DLWL+HDOWK,QLWLDWLYH¶VSXEOLFDWLRQVDUHUHDGE\SRSXODWLRQVWKDWVSHDN)UHQFKDQGDUHWUDQVODWHGLQWR WKH)UHQFKODQJXDJHLGLRPV²SKUDVHVZKRVHPHDQLQJLVQRWGHULYHGIURPWKHOLWHUDOPHDQLQJRIWKHZRUGVDQG GRHVQRWWUDQVODWHIURP(QJOLVKWRRWKHUODQJXDJHV²VKRXOGQRWEHXVHG Example: dŚĞĞdžƚƌĂǀŽůƵŶƚĞĞƌƐĐĂŵĞlateƚŽƚŚĞƚŽŽƚŚďƌƵƐŚŝŶŐĞĚƵĐĂƟŽŶĂůĐůĂƐƐ͘

127 dŚĞĞdžƚƌĂǀŽůƵŶƚĞĞƌƐĐĂŵĞ at  the  eleventh  hourƚŽƚŚĞƚŽŽƚŚďƌƵƐŚŝŶŐĞĚƵĐĂƟŽŶĂůĐůĂƐƐ͘

Ϯ͘ϮWƌĞĐŝƐŝŽŶƐŝŶ>ĂŶŐƵĂŐĞ .RKOLQGLFDWHVWKDWLWLVEHVWWREH³ORJLFDOOLWHUDODQGSUHFLVHLQ\RXUXVHRIODQJXDJH´3UHFLVLRQLQVWLJDWHV FODULW\DQGDQDOORZDQFHIRUVPRRWKWUDQVODWLRQVIURP(QJOLVKWRRWKHUODQJXDJHV7RHQVXUHSUHFLVLRQDYRLG SRRUZRUGFKRLFHDQGIDXOW\ORJLFDVZHOODVFROORTXLDOLVPV Example: dŚĞůŝƩůĞďŽLJǁĂƐƚŚĂŶŬĨƵůĨŽƌthe shoes  and  the  treatmentŚĞƌĞĐĞŝǀĞĚĨƌŽŵƚŚĞ/ŶŝƟĂƟǀĞ͘

127 dŚĞůŝƩůĞďŽLJǁĂƐƚŚĂŶŬĨƵůĨŽƌall the  thingsŚĞƌĞĐĞŝǀĞĚĨƌŽŵƚŚĞ/ŶŝƟĂƟǀĞ͘

Ϯ͘ϯhƐĞŽĨdŚŝƐĂŶĚ^ŝŵŝůĂƌtŽƌĚƐ In most  cases,  the  word  thisQHHGVWRKDYHDQRXQDFFRPSDQ\LQJLWWRDYRLGDPELJXLW\DQGFRQIXVLRQ Example: ĞĐŬLJWĂŝŶƚĞƌƵƐĞĚƚŚĞĐƵƌƌŝĐƵůƵŵĚĞǀĞůŽƉĞĚďLJDĂƌĐ:ŽŚŶƐŽŶƚŽŝŶƐƚƌƵĐƚƚŚĞůĂLJŵŝĚǁŝǀĞƐ͘This  curriculumŚĞůƉĞĚƚŚĞ ǁŽŵĞŶůĞĂƌŶĨĂƐƚĞƌ͘

127 ĞĐŬLJWĂŝŶƚĞƌƵƐĞĚƚŚĞĐƵƌƌŝĐƵůƵŵĚĞǀĞůŽƉĞĚďLJDĂƌĐ:ŽŚŶƐŽŶƚŽŝŶƐƚƌƵĐƚƚŚĞůĂLJŵŝĚǁŝǀĞƐ͘ThisŚĞůƉĞĚƚŚĞǁŽŵĞŶ ůĞĂƌŶĨĂƐƚĞƌ͘

Ϯ͘ϰŽůůŽƋƵŝĂůŝƐŵƐ &ROORTXLDOLVPVVKRXOGEHHOLPLQDWHGLQRUGHUWRHDVHJOREDOFRPPXQLFDWLRQ&ROORTXLDOLVPVDUHSKUDVHVWKDWDUH DFFHSWHGLQLQIRUPDOVSHHFKDQGZULWLQJEXWDUHQRWDFFHSWHGLQIRUPDOZULWLQJ,QVWHDGXVHSKUDVHVWKDWFDQEH HDVLO\WUDQVODWHGLQWRRWKHUODQJXDJHV Example: ZĞŶĂƵĚdŚŽŵĂƐdid not  have  ƟŵĞƚŽĐŽŵƉůĞƚĞƚŚĞǁĂƚĞƌƉƌŽŐƌĂŵ͘

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127 ZĞŶĂƵĚdŚŽŵĂƐran out  ofƟŵĞĂŶĚĚŝĚŶŽƚĐŽŵƉůĞƚĞƚŚĞǁĂƚĞƌƉƌŽŐƌĂŵ͘

Ϯ͘ϱWĂƌĂůůĞůŝƐŵƐ $OOVHQWHQFHVQHHGWRIROORZSDUDOOHOVWUXFWXUHWRHQVXUHFOHDUFRPPXQLFDWLRQHVSHFLDOO\IRUQRQQDWLYH(QJOLVK VSHDNHUV,QDVHQWHQFHRUDOLVWDOOWKHLWHPVQHHGWREHORQJWRWKHVDPHFDWHJRU\RUSDUWRIVSHHFKZKHWKHULW¶V a noun  or  a  process.   Example: DĂƌĐͲƵƌĞůDĂƌƟĂůƐƵƌǀĞLJĞĚƉƌĞŐŶĂŶƚ,ĂŝƟĂŶǁŽŵĞŶĂďŽƵƚƚŚĞŝƌhealth͕ĐŽŵŵƵŶŝĐĂƟŽŶǁŝƚŚƚŚĞŝƌŵĂƚǁŽŶ͕ĂŶĚ previous  pregnancies͘

127 DĂƌĐͲƵƌĞůDĂƌƟĂůƐƵƌǀĞLJĞĚƉƌĞŐŶĂŶƚ,ĂŝƟĂŶǁŽŵĞŶĂďŽƵƚƚŚĞŝƌhealth͕ŚŽǁƚŚĞLJĂƌĞĐŽŵŵƵŶŝĐĂƟŶŐǁŝƚŚƚŚĞŝƌ ŵĂƚǁŽŶ͕ĂŶĚif they  had  beenƉƌĞŐŶĂŶƚďĞĨŽƌĞ͘

Ϯ͘ϲtŽƌĚŚŽŝĐĞ +DLWL+HDOWK,QLWLDWLYHZDQWVWRHQVXUHDKHDOWK\UHODWLRQVKLSZLWKWKH+DLWLDQJRYHUQPHQWDQG+DLWLDQFLWL]HQV LQJHQHUDO7KHUHIRUHWKHZRUGVXVHGWRUHIHUWR+DLWLDQVPXVWQRWKDYHWKHSRWHQWLDOWRRIIHQGDQGPXVWFRQQRWH UHVSHFW7KHODQJXDJHXVHGE\WKH,QLWLDWLYHGRHVQRWGHPHDQ+DLWLDQVRUVSHFXODWHDERXWWKHPRULPSO\WKH ,QLWLDWLYH¶VVXSHULRULW\EHFDXVHRIDOOWKHKHOSLWKDVJLYHQWRWKHORFDOVRI+DLWL:RUGVDQGSKUDVHVPXVWEH VHOHFWHGFDUHIXOO\6XFKVSHFXODWLRQVKDYHWKHSRWHQWLDOWREHRIIHQVLYH)RUH[DPSOHGRQRWUHIHUWRORFDO Haitians as  natives;;  use  locals  instead. Example: /ŽďƐĞƌǀĞĚƚŚĂƚƐŽŵĞƟŵĞƐƚŚĞlocaldŝŵŽƌĞƐŝĚĞŶƚƐĞĂƚŽƚŚĞƌĚŽŵĞƐƟĐŵĞĂƚƐďĞƐŝĚĞƐĐŚŝĐŬĞŶĂŶĚďĞĞĨ͘

127 /ŚĞĂƌĚƚŚĂƚƚŚĞŶĂƟǀĞƐƐŽŵĞƟŵĞƐeat dog͘

2.7  “/ƚŝƐ͟^ĞŶƚĞŶĐĞƐ 6HQWHQFHVWKDWEHJLQZLWKIt  isDUHRIWHQXQFOHDUDQGDPELJXRXVDQGKDUGIRUQRQQDWLYH(QJOLVKVSHDNHUVWR GHFLSKHU$YRLGXVLQJWKLV  It  is  FRQVWUXFWLRQUDWKHUJLYHWKHVHQWHQFHDFOHDUVXEMHFW Example: ,ĂŝƟĂŶƐŶĞĞĚƚŽůĞĂƌŶĂďŽƵƚƚŚĞĚŝīĞƌĞŶƚĨŽŽĚŐƌŽƵƉƐĂŶĚǁŚĂƚĐŽŶƐƟƚƵƚĞƐĂďĂůĂŶĐĞĚŵĞĂů͘

127 It is  important  for  ,ĂŝƟĂŶƐƚŽůĞĂƌŶĂďŽƵƚƚŚĞĚŝīĞƌĞŶƚĨŽŽĚĂŶĚǁŚĂƚĐŽŶƐƟƚƵƚĞƐĂďĂůĂŶĐĞĚŵĞĂů͘

6


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Ϯ͘ϵtŚŽsĞƌƐƵƐtŚŽŵ $FFRUGLQJWRChicago 5.220,  whoLVDQRPLQDWLYH VXEMHFW SURQRXQXVHGDV  WKHVXEMHFWRID¿QLWHYHUEVXFK as  It  was  Becky  who  taught  the  classDQG  DSUHGLFDWLYHQRPLQDWLYHZKHQLWIROORZVDOLQNLQJYHUEVXFKDV It  was  Becky,  that’s  who.  WhomLVDQREMHFWLYH REMHFW SURQRXQWKDWZRUNVDVWKH  REMHFWRIDYHUEVXFKDV Becky  learned  about  the  midwives  whom  she  taughtRU  DVWKHREMHFWRIDSUHSRVLWLRQVXFKDVThe  midwife  to   whom  she  owes  her  joy+DLWL+HDOWK,QLWLDWLYHZULWHUVDQGHGLWRUVVKRXOGWDNHFDXWLRQZKHQFRQVLGHULQJWKHVH WZRZRUGV.HHSLQPLQGZKDWWKHwho  or  whom¶VSXUSRVHLVLQWKHFODXVH,VLWDFWLQJDVWKHVXEMHFWRUWKH 7


REMHFW"8VH whoLILWLVDFWLQJDVWKHVXEMHFWDQGXVHwhomLILWLVDFWLQJDVWKHREMHFW Example: /ƚǁĂƐƚŚĞŵŽƚŚĞƌĂŶĚĐŚŝůĚwhomDĂƌĐͲƵƌĞůŚĂĚŵĞƚƚŚƌĞĞLJĞĂƌƐƉƌĞǀŝŽƵƐůLJ͘

127 /ƚǁĂƐƚŚĞŵŽƚŚĞƌĂŶĚĐŚŝůĚwho DĂƌĐͲƵƌĞůŚĂĚŵĞƚƚŚƌĞĞLJĞĂƌƐƉƌĞǀŝŽƵƐůLJ͘

Example: ůŝƚŚŽƵŐŚƚĂďŽƵƚƚŚĞĐŚŝůĚƌĞŶwhomƐŚĞƚĂƵŐŚƚŝŶƚŚĞƐĐŚŽŽůƐ͘

127 ůŝƚŚŽƵŐŚƚĂďŽƵƚƚŚĞĐŚŝůĚƌĞŶwhoƐŚĞƚĂƵŐŚƚŝŶƚŚĞƐĐŚŽŽůƐ͘

Example: WhomĚŽĞƐƚŚŝƐĚĞŶƚĂůĞƋƵŝƉŵĞŶƚďĞůŽŶŐƚŽ͍/ƚďĞůŽŶŐƐƚŽƚŚĞŵ͘

127 WhoĚŽĞƐƚŚŝƐĚĞŶƚĂůĞƋƵŝƉŵĞŶƚďĞůŽŶŐƚŽ͍/ƚďĞůŽŶŐƐƚŽƚŚĞLJ͘

Example: DĂƌĐ:ŽŚŶƐŽŶǁĂŶƚĞĚƚŽƐĞĞƚŚĞŐŝƌůŚĞŵĞƚůĂƐƚƚƌŝƉ͕whoŚĞǁĂƐŚŽƉŝŶŐŚĂĚŝŵƉƌŽǀĞĚŝŶĂŶĞŵŝĂůĞǀĞůƐ͘

127 DĂƌĐ:ŽŚŶƐŽŶǁĂŶƚĞĚƚŽƐĞĞƚŚĞůŝƩůĞŐŝƌůŚĞŵĞƚůĂƐƚƚƌŝƉ͕whomŚĞǁĂƐŚŽƉŝŶŐŚĂĚŝŵƉƌŽǀĞĚŝŶĂŶĞŵŝĂůĞǀĞůƐ͘

8


3 names and terms ϯ͘ϭ^ƉĞĐŝĂůŝnjĞĚdĞƌŵƐ 0HGLFDODJULFXOWXUDO)UHQFKDQGRWKHUVSHFLDOL]HGRUIRUHLJQWHUPVVKRXOGEHH[SODLQHG,QFOXGLQJH[SODQD-­ WLRQVIRUWKHVHWHUPVDOORZVDPRUHJHQHUDODXGLHQFHWRXQGHUVWDQG+DLWL+HDOWK,QLWLDWLYH¶VSXEOLFDWLRQV7KH H[SODQDWLRQIRUWKHVHWHUPVVKRXOGEHHQFORVHGLQSDUHQWKHVHV Example: DĂƩŚĞǁtĂƚƐŽŶ͕K͕ĂŶĚWĂƵů,ƵůĞƚ͕K͕ǁŝůůĐŚĞĐŬĞLJĞƉƌĞƐƐƵƌĞĨŽƌŐůĂƵĐŽŵĂ(an eye  disease  associated  with  in-­‐ ĐƌĞĂƐĞĚŇƵŝĚƉƌĞƐƐƵƌĞŝŶƚŚĞĞLJĞͿŽŶĂůůƉĂƟĞŶƚƐĨŽƌƚLJLJĞĂƌƐĂŶĚŽůĚĞƌ͘

127 DĂƩŚĞǁtĂƚƐŽŶ͕K͕ĂŶĚWĂƵů,ƵůĞƚ͕K͕ǁŝůůĐŚĞĐŬĞLJĞƉƌĞƐƐƵƌĞĨŽƌglaucomaŽŶĂůůƉĂƟĞŶƚƐĨŽƌƚLJLJĞĂƌƐĂŶĚŽůĚĞƌ͘

Example: dŚĞ,ĂŝƟ,ĞĂůƚŚ/ŶŝƟĂƟǀĞǁĂƚĞƌƚĞĂŵĂĚĚĞĚĂĚĚŝƟŽŶĂůƚƵƌŶͲŽƵƚƐ;ǁĂƚĞƌĨĂƵĐĞƚƐͿĂŶĚŝƐŽůĂƟŽŶƉŽŝŶƚƐ;ǀĂůǀĞƐͿƚŽƚŚĞ DŝĐŚŽƐƉƌŝŶŐ͘

127 dŚĞ,ĂŝƟ,ĞĂůƚŚ/ŶŝƟĂƟǀĞǁĂƚĞƌƚĞĂŵĂĚĚĞĚĂĚĚŝƟŽŶĂůturn-­‐outsĂŶĚŝƐŽůĂƟŽŶƉŽŝŶƚƐƚŽƚŚĞDŝĐŚŽƐƉƌŝŶŐ͘

ϯ͘Ϯ,ĂŝƟ,ĞĂůƚŚ/ŶŝƟĂƟǀĞEĂŵĞ 7KHIXOOQDPHRIWKHRUJDQL]DWLRQ+DLWL+HDOWK,QLWLDWLYHZLOOEHVSHOOHGRXWLQLWV¿UVWDSSHDUDQFHLQDQDUWLFOH RURWKHUIRUPRIWH[W,QVXEVHTXHQWDSSHDUDQFHVWKHQDPHZLOOEHFRQWUDFWHGWRLWVVKRUWHUQDPHWKH,QLWLDWLYH The the  in  the  InitiativeLVRQO\FDSLWDOL]HGZKHQLWLVWKH¿UVWZRUGLQDVHQWHQFH,QWKLVVW\OHJXLGHWKH ,QLWLDWLYHLVVSHOOHGRXWLQLWV¿UVWRFFXUUHQFHLQHDFKVXEVHFWLRQEXWWKHUXOHGRHVQRWDSSO\WRH[DPSOHVLQHDFK VXEVHFWLRQ Example: ,ĂŝƟ,ĞĂůƚŚ/ŶŝƟĂƟǀĞƉĞƌĨŽƌŵĞĚĂŶĂŶĞŵŝĂƐƚƵĚLJŽŶƉƌĞŐŶĂŶƚĂŶĚůĂĐƚĂƟŶŐǁŽŵĞŶ͕ĂŶĚĐŚŝůĚƌĞŶƵŶĚĞƌĮǀĞ͘KǀĞƌƚŚĞ LJĞĂƌƐŽĨƚŚŝƐƐƚƵĚLJ͕ƚŚĞ/ŶŝƟĂƟǀĞŚĂƐƐĞĞŶƐŝŐŶŝĮĐĂŶƚŝŵƉƌŽǀĞŵĞŶƚƐŝŶƚŚŽƐĞŝŶƚĞƌĞƐƚŐƌŽƵƉƐ͕ĂŶĚŝŶƚĞŶĚƐƚŽĐŽŶƟŶƵĞƚŚĞ ƐƚƵĚLJŝŶLJĞĂƌƐƚŽĐŽŵĞ͘

127 ,ĂŝƟ,ĞĂůƚŚ/ŶŝƟĂƟǀĞƉĞƌĨŽƌŵĞĚĂŶĂŶĞŵŝĂƐƚƵĚLJŽŶƉƌĞŐŶĂŶƚĂŶĚůĂĐƚĂƟŶŐǁŽŵĞŶ͕ĂŶĚĐŚŝůĚƌĞŶƵŶĚĞƌĮǀĞ͘KǀĞƌƚŚĞ LJĞĂƌƐŽĨƚŚŝƐƐƚƵĚLJ͕,ĂŝƟ,ĞĂůƚŚ/ŶŝƟĂƟǀĞŚĂƐƐĞĞŶƐŝŐŶŝĮĐĂŶƚŝŵƉƌŽǀĞŵĞŶƚƐŝŶƚŚŽƐĞƉĂƌƟĐƵůĂƌƉŽƉƵůĂƟŽŶƐ͕ĂŶĚǁŽƵůĚ ůŝŬĞƚŽĐŽŶƟŶƵĞƚŚĞƐƚƵĚLJŝŶLJĞĂƌƐƚŽĐŽŵĞ͘

ϯ͘ϯEĂŵĞŝŶWŝĐƚƵƌĞĂƉƟŽŶƐ +DLWL+HDOWK,QLWLDWLYH¶VDEEUHYLDWHGQDPHWKH,QLWLDWLYHZLOOEHXVHGLQSLFWXUHFDSWLRQV Example: ,ĂŝƟĂŶďŽLJƌĞĐĞŝǀĞƐĂŝĚĨƌŽŵƚŚĞ/ŶŝƟĂƟǀĞǀŽůƵŶƚĞĞƌůŝŽǁĚĞŶ͕ZE͘

9


127 ,ĂŝƟĂŶďŽLJƌĞĐĞŝǀĞƐĂŝĚĨƌŽŵ,ĂŝƟ,ĞĂůƚŚ/ŶŝƟĂƟǀĞǀŽůƵŶƚĞĞƌůŝŽǁĚĞŶ͕ZE͘

ϯ͘ϰEĂŵĞƐŽĨsŽůƵŶƚĞĞƌƐ 7KHQDPHVRI+DLWL+HDOWK,QLWLDWLYHYROXQWHHUVZLOOEHVSHOOHGRXWHQWLUHO\LQWKHLU¿UVWDSSHDUDQFHDQGZLOO EHIROORZHGE\HDFKSHUVRQ¶VFUHGHQWLDOV7KHFUHGHQWLDOVDUHVHWRIIE\FRPPDVDQGGRQRWKDYHSHULRGVLQ EHWZHHQWKHOHWWHUV VHHChicago $IWHUWKH¿UVWDSSHDUDQFHHDFKYROXQWHHUZLOOEHUHIHUUHGWRE\KLVRU KHUODVWQDPH7KHDEEUHYLDWLRQDr.PD\EHLQFOXGHGZLWKWKHODVWQDPHLIWKHSHUVRQKDVDGRFWRUDOGHJUHHVXFK DV0'RU3K'RU'13 Example: DĂƌĐ:ŽŚŶƐŽŶ͕MD͕ǁĂƐŐƌĂƚĞĨƵůĨŽƌƚŚĞĂƐƐŝƐƚĂŶĐĞůŽĐĂů,ĂŝƟĂŶƐƉƌŽǀŝĚĞĚŚŝŵŝŶƐĞƫŶŐƵƉƚŚĞƚĞŵƉŽƌĂƌLJŵĞĚŝĐĂůĐůŝŶŝĐ͘ ,ĂŝƟĂŶǀŽůƵŶƚĞĞƌƐǁŽƌŬĞĚŚĂƌĚĂůŽŶŐƐŝĚĞDr.:ŽŚŶƐŽŶ͘

127 Marc JohnsonǁĂƐŐƌĂƚĞĨƵůĨŽƌƚŚĞĂƐƐŝƐƚĂŶĐĞůŽĐĂů,ĂŝƟĂŶƐƉƌŽǀŝĚĞĚŚŝŵŝŶƐĞƫŶŐƵƉƚŚĞƚĞŵƉŽƌĂƌLJŵĞĚŝĐĂůĐůŝŶŝĐ͘ ,ĂŝƟĂŶǀŽůƵŶƚĞĞƌƐǁŽƌŬĞĚŚĂƌĚĂůŽŶŐƐŝĚĞMarc  Johnson͘

3.5ĂƉŝƚĂůŝnjĂƟŽŶŽĨWŽƐŝƟŽŶƐ $FFRUGLQJWRChicagoSRVLWLRQVVXFKDVSUHVLGHQWVKRXOGRQO\EHFDSLWDOL]HGZKHQSUHFHGLQJWKHQDPHRID SHUVRQ$GGLWLRQDOO\PHGLFDOWHDPVDQGVWDIIVVKRXOGQRWEHFDSLWDOL]HG Example: WƌĞƐŝĚĞŶƚDĂƌƟĂůŚĞůƉĞĚƚŚĞ,ĂŝƟ,ĞĂůƚŚ/ŶŝƟĂƟǀĞmedical teamǁŝƚŚƚŚĞĂŶĞŵŝĂƐƚƵĚLJ͘

127 DĂƌĐͲƵƌĞůDĂƌƟĂů͕,ĂŝƟ,ĞĂůƚŚ/ŶŝƟĂƟǀĞPresident͕ŚĞůƉĞĚƚŚĞ,ĂŝƟ,ĞĂůƚŚ/ŶŝƟĂƟǀĞMedical TeamǁŝƚŚƚŚĞĂŶĞŵŝĂ ƐƚƵĚLJ͘

Example: ĂŶŝĞůůĞŽƵĐŚĞǀĞƌ͕,,/shoe project  coordinator͕ƐĂǁŵƵĐŚŝŵƉƌŽǀĞŵĞŶƚŝŶƚŚĞŚĞĂůƚŚŽĨĐŚŝůĚƌĞŶ͘

127 ĂŶŝĞůůĞŽƵĐŚĞǀĞƌ͕,,/Shoe Project  Coordinator͕ƐĂǁŵƵĐŚŝŵƉƌŽǀĞŵĞŶƚŝŶƚŚĞŚĞĂůƚŚŽĨĐŚŝůĚƌĞŶ͘

3.6 &ŽƌĞŝŐŶdĞƌŵƐ $OOWHUPVLQDIRUHLJQODQJXDJHVKRXOGEHLWDOLFL]HGDQGVKRXOGQRWEHVXUURXQGHGE\TXRWDWLRQPDUNV Example: dŚĞmatwons;ůĂLJŵŝĚǁŝǀĞƐͿǁĞƌĞĞĂŐĞƌƚŽůĞĂƌŶ͘

127 dŚĞ“matwons” ǁĞƌĞĞĂŐĞƌƚŽůĞĂƌŶ͘

10


ϯ͘ϳEĂŵĞƐŽĨ>ŽĐĂůƐ $YRLGJHQHUDOL]DWLRQVZKHQZULWLQJDERXWWKHORFDOVRI+DLWL,I\RXDUHVSHFL¿FDOO\UHIHUULQJWR7LPRUHVLGHQWV UHIHUWRWKHPDV7LPRUHVLGHQWVRUORFDOVRI7LPR+DLWL+HDOWK,QLWLDWLYHZDQWVWRDYRLGJHQHUDOL]DWLRQVDERXW WKH+DLWLDQSHRSOHHVSHFLDOO\VLQFHWKH7LPRUHVLGHQWV¶GLHWFXOWXUHDQGRWKHUHOHPHQWVGLIIHUIURPVRPHRWKHU places in  Haiti. Example: dŚĞlocals  of  TimoƐŽŵĞƟŵĞƐĚŽŶŽƚǁĞĂƌƐŚŽĞƐǁŚĞŶƚŚĞLJĂƌĞĐŚŝůĚƌĞŶ͕ǁŚŝĐŚŝƐĂĐĂƵƐĞŽĨĂŶĞŵŝĂŝŶLJŽƵŶŐ ƉŽƉƵůĂƟŽŶƐ͘

127 ,ĂŝƟĂŶƉĞŽƉůĞƐŽŵĞƟŵĞƐĚŽŶŽƚǁĞĂƌƐŚŽĞƐǁŚĞŶƚŚĞLJĂƌĞĐŚŝůĚƌĞŶ͕ǁŚŝĐŚŝƐĂĐĂƵƐĞŽĨĂŶĞŵŝĂŝŶLJŽƵŶŐƉŽƉƵůĂƟŽŶƐ͘

ϯ͘ϴEĂŵĞŽĨ^ĞŵŝĂŶŶƵĂůDŝƐƐŝŽŶƐ

+DLWL+HDOWK,QLWLDWLYHVHPLDQQXDOPLVVLRQVVKRXOGQRWEHUHIHUUHGWRDV³WULSV´EXWVKRXOGEHVROHO\FDOOHG ³PLVVLRQV´7KHPLVVLRQVDUHQRZVSOLWLQWRIDOODQGVSULQJPLVVLRQV7KHVHDVRQVDQGWKHPLVVLRQVZLOOERWKEH FDSLWDOL]HGWRHPSKDVL]HDQGHVWDEOLVKWKHGLIIHUHQWPLVVLRQV Example: dŚĞSpring  2012  MissionƚŽdŝŵŽǁĞŶƚǀĞƌLJǁĞůůĨŽƌĞǀĞƌLJŽŶĞŝŶǀŽůǀĞĚŝŶĐůƵĚŝŶŐƚŚĞ,ĂŝƟ,ĞĂůƚŚ/ŶŝƟĂƟǀĞƚĞĂŵ ŵĞŵďĞƌƐĂŶĚƚŚĞůŽĐĂůƐŽĨdŝŵŽ͘

127 dŚĞmarch 2012  tripƚŽdŝŵŽǁĞŶƚǀĞƌLJǁĞůůĨŽƌĞǀĞƌLJŽŶĞŝŶǀŽůǀĞĚŝŶĐůƵĚŝŶŐƚŚĞ,ĂŝƟ,ĞĂůƚŚ/ŶŝƟĂƟǀĞƚĞĂŵŵĞŵďĞƌƐ ĂŶĚƚŚĞůŽĐĂůƐŽĨdŝŵŽ͘

ϯ͘ϵWŽƐƐĞƐƐŝǀĞ&ŽƌŵŽĨ,ĂŝƟ,ĞĂůƚŚ/ŶŝƟĂƟǀĞ tƌŝƚĞƌƐƐŚŽƵůĚŶŽƚƵƐĞ,ĂŝƟ,ĞĂůƚŚ/ŶŝƟĂƟǀĞŝŶŝƚƐƉŽƐƐĞƐƐŝǀĞĨŽƌŵ͘ZĞǁŽƌĚƚŚĞƐĞŶƚĞŶĐĞƚŽĂǀŽŝĚƚŚĞƉŽƐƐĞƐƐŝǀĞŽĨƚŚĞ ŽƌŐĂŶŝnjĂƟŽŶ͘

Example: dŚĞ,ĂŝƟ,ĞĂůƚŚ/ŶŝƟĂƟǀĞƚĞĂŵŵĞŵďĞƌƐǁĞƌĞŐƌĂƚĞĨƵůĨŽƌƚŚĞĞdžƉĞƌŝĞŶĐĞ͘

127 ,ĂŝƟ,ĞĂůƚŚ/ŶŝƟĂƟǀĞ͛ƐƚĞĂŵŵĞŵďĞƌƐǁĞƌĞŐƌĂƚĞĨƵůĨŽƌƚŚĞĞdžƉĞƌŝĞŶĐĞ͘

Example: dŚĞĂĐĐŽŵƉůŝƐŚŵĞŶƚƐŽĨ,ĂŝƟ,ĞĂůƚŚ/ŶŝƟĂƟǀĞǁĞƌĞǀĞƌLJŝŵƉĂĐƞƵů͘

127 ,ĂŝƟ,ĞĂůƚŚ/ŶŝƟĂƟǀĞ͛ƐĂĐĐŽŵƉůŝƐŚŵĞŶƚƐǁĞƌĞǀĞƌLJŝŵƉĂĐƞƵů͘

11


4 numbers ϰ͘ϭĂƐŝĐƐĨŽƌEƵŵďĞƌƐ As indicated  in  ChicagRQXPEHUV]HURWKURXJKRQHKXQGUHGVKRXOGEHVSHOOHGRXWH[FHSWZKHQWKH\DUH GHFLPDOQXPEHUVOLNH1XPEHUVDERYHRQHKXQGUHGVKRXOGEHXVHGDVQXPHUDOVH[FHSWZKHQWKH\DUHZKROH QXPEHUV :KROHQXPEHUVJUHDWHUWKDQRQHKXQGUHGOLNH¿YHWKRXVDQGRUVHYHQELOOLRQVKRXOGEHVSHOOHGRXWDVVHHQLQ Chicago1XPEHUVWKDWEHJLQDVHQWHQFHVKRXOGDOZD\VEHVSHOOHGRXWRUFDQEHUHZULWWHQIRUEHWWHUFODULW\ as  presented  in  Chicago /DVWO\QXPEHUVVKRXOGEHVSHOOHGRXWRUXVHGDVDQXPHUDOWRPDLQWDLQFRQVLVWHQF\LQWKHLPPHGLDWHFRQWH[W (Chicago 7KLVPHDQVWKDWQXPEHUVOHVVWKDQRQHKXQGUHGPD\EHSUHVHQWHGDVQXPHUDOVLIWKH\DUHLQD VHQWHQFHZLWKPDQ\RWKHUQXPEHUVWKDWDUHXVHGDVQXPHUDOV Example: ĞĐĂƵƐĞŽĨƚŚĞƚƌĂŝŶĞĞƐ͕ĮǀĞƚŚŽƵƐĂŶĚĨĞĞƚŽĨƉŝƉĞǁĞƌĞŝŶƐƚĂůůĞĚƚŚĂƚĐŽƵůĚŶŽƚŚĂǀĞďĞĞŶĚŽŶĞǁŝƚŚŽƵƚƚŚĞŝƌ ĂƐƐŝƐƚĂŶĐĞ͘Forty-­‐nineŝŶĚŝǀŝĚƵĂůƐƉĂƌƟĐŝƉĂƚĞĚŝŶƚŚĞƚƌĂŝŶŝŶŐƉƌŽŐƌĂŵ͘

127 ĞĐĂƵƐĞŽĨƚŚĞƚƌĂŝŶĞĞƐ͕ 5,000ĨĞĞƚŽĨƉŝƉĞǁĞƌĞŝŶƐƚĂůůĞĚƚŚĂƚĐŽƵůĚŶŽƚŚĂǀĞďĞĞŶĚŽŶĞǁŝƚŚŽƵƚƚŚĞŝƌĂƐƐŝƐƚĂŶĐĞ͘  49 ŝŶĚŝǀŝĚƵĂůƐƉĂƌƟĐŝƉĂƚĞĚŝŶƚŚĞƚƌĂŝŶŝŶŐƉƌŽŐƌĂŵ͘

Example: dŚĞĚĞŶƚĂůƚĞĂŵƐĂǁ212ƉĂƟĞŶƚƐĂŶĚƉĞƌĨŽƌŵĞĚ78ĞdžƚƌĂĐƟŽŶƐ͕112 ĂƐƐĞƐƐŵĞŶƚƐ͕ĂŶĚ14ŵŝŶŽƌƐƵƌŐĞƌŝĞƐ͘

127 dŚĞĚĞŶƚĂůƚĞĂŵƐĂǁ212ƉĂƟĞŶƚƐĂŶĚƉĞƌĨŽƌŵĞĚƐĞǀĞŶƚLJͲĞŝŐŚƚĞdžƚƌĂĐƟŽŶƐ͕112ĂƐƐĞƐƐŵĞŶƚƐ͕ĂŶĚfourteenƐƵƌŐĞƌŝĞƐ͘

ϰ͘Ϯ>ŝƐƚƐ 7RSURPRWHFODULW\OLVWVDUHHQFRXUDJHGZKHQWDONLQJDERXWWKHGLIIHUHQWJRDOV+DLWL+HDOWK,QLWLDWLYHKDGRQD FHUWDLQWULSWKHSDUWVRIDQHGXFDWLRQDOFXUULFXOXPDQGVRRQ(DFKSDUWRIWKHOLVWFDQEHQXPEHUHGDQGWKH QXPEHUVPXVWEHHQFORVHGZLWKSDUHQWKHVHV7KHOLVWFDQEHLQWURGXFHGE\DFRORQLIDIXOOVHQWHQFHSUHFHGHVWKH FRORQEXWGRHVQRWQHHGWREH Example: dŚĞ/ŶŝƟĂƟǀĞĂŶĚ&W&ĚĞĐŝĚĞĚŽŶĨŽƵƌƚŽƉŝĐƐƚŽƚĞĂĐŚŐĞŶĞƌĂůŚĞĂůƚŚ͗;ϭͿŽƌĂůŚLJŐŝĞŶĞ͕;ϮͿďĂƐŝĐŶƵƚƌŝƟŽŶ͕;ϯͿŐĞƌŵƐĂŶĚ ŚĂŶĚǁĂƐŚŝŶŐ͕ĂŶĚ;ϰͿĐĂƌĞŽĨƚŚĞĞŶǀŝƌŽŶŵĞŶƚ͘

127 dŚĞ/ŶŝƟĂƟǀĞĂŶĚ&W&ĚĞĐŝĚĞĚŽŶĨŽƵƌƚŽƉŝĐƐƚŽƚĞĂĐŚŐĞŶĞƌĂůŚĞĂůƚŚone͕ŽƌĂůŚLJŐŝĞŶĞ͕two͕ďĂƐŝĐŶƵƚƌŝƟŽŶ͕three͕ŐĞƌŵƐ ĂŶĚŚĂŶĚǁĂƐŚŝŶŐ͕ĂŶĚfour͕ĐĂƌĞŽĨƚŚĞĞŶǀŝƌŽŶŵĞŶƚ͘

Example: dŚĞ/ŶŝƟĂƟǀĞďƌŽƵŐŚƚĞƋƵŝƉŵĞŶƚforĚĞŶƚĂůĐĂƌĞ͕ŵĞĚŝĐĂůĐĂƌĞ͕ĂŶĞŵŝĂƚĞƐƟŶŐ͕ĂŶĚǁĂƚĞƌƚĞƐƟŶŐ͘

12


127 dŚĞ/ŶŝƟĂƟǀĞďƌŽƵŐŚƚĞƋƵŝƉŵĞŶƚfor: ĚĞŶƚĂůĐĂƌĞ͕ŵĞĚŝĐĂůĐĂƌĞ͕ĂŶĞŵŝĂƚĞƐƟŶŐ͕ĂŶĚǁĂƚĞƌƚĞƐƟŶŐ͘

ϰ͘ϯWĞƌĐĞŶƚĂŐĞƐ As stated  in  ChicagoSHUFHQWDJHVDUHH[SUHVVHGLQQXPHUDOVH[FHSWZKHQEHJLQQLQJDVHQWHQFH7KH SHUFHQWDJHVDUHIROORZHGE\WKH%V\PEROLQVWHDGRIWKHZRUGpercent. Example: ƉƉƌŽdžŝŵĂƚĞůLJ25%  ŽĨƚŚĞ'ƌĂŶĚWůĂƚŽŶƐƉƌŝŶŐ͛ƐĞdžŝƐƟŶŐǁĂƚĞƌƐLJƐƚĞŵǁĂƐŝŵƉƌŽǀĞĚĂŶĚŵĂŝŶƚĂŝŶĞĚ͕ĂŶĚƚŚĞŶĞdžƚƚƌŝƉ ǁŝůůĨŽĐƵƐŽŶƚŚĞƌĞŵĂŝŶŝŶŐ75%  ŽĨƚŚĞǁĂƚĞƌƐLJƐƚĞŵ͘

127 ƉƉƌŽdžŝŵĂƚĞůLJƚǁĞŶƚLJͲĮǀĞƉĞƌĐĞŶƚŽĨƚŚĞ'ƌĂŶĚWůĂƚŽŶƐƉƌŝŶŐ͛ƐĞdžŝƐƟŶŐǁĂƚĞƌƐLJƐƚĞŵǁĂƐŝŵƉƌŽǀĞĚĂŶĚŵĂŝŶƚĂŝŶĞĚ͕ ĂŶĚƚŚĞŶĞdžƚƚƌŝƉǁŝůůĨŽĐƵƐŽŶƚŚĞƌĞŵĂŝŶŝŶŐƐĞǀĞŶƚLJͲĮǀĞƉĞƌĐĞŶƚŽĨƚŚĞǁĂƚĞƌƐLJƐƚĞŵ͘

ϰ͘ϰdŝŵĞ 7LPHVRIGD\VKRXOGEHIROORZHGE\a.m. and  p.m.  7KHVHDUHORZHUFDVHGDQGLQFOXGHSHULRGVLQEHWZHHQWKH OHWWHUV:KHQUHIHUULQJWRQRRQXVHnoonLQVWHDGRIp.m.:KHQUHIHUULQJWRPLGQLJKWXVHmidnight   LQVWHDGRIa.m.   džĂŵƉůĞ͗ dŚĞŶƵƚƌŝƟŽŶĐůĂƐƐƐƚĂƌƚĞĚĂƚϭϮ͗ϬϬnoonĞǀĞƌLJĚĂLJĂŶĚǁĞŶƚƵŶƟůϮ͗ϬϬp.m. EKd dŚĞŶƵƚƌŝƟŽŶĐůĂƐƐƐƚĂƌƚĞĚĂƚϭϮ͗ϬϬPMĞǀĞƌLJĚĂLJĂŶĚǁĞŶƚƵŶƟůϮ͗ϬϬPM.

13


5 dates ϱ͘ϭĂƐŝĐƐŽĨĂƚĞƐ +DLWL+HDOWK,QLWLDWLYHXVHVWKHLQWHUQDWLRQDOGDWHIRUPDWWKHGD\¿UVWWKHQWKHPRQWKWKHQWKH\HDU:KHQ UHIHUULQJWRMXVWWKHGDWHDQGPRQWKEXWWKHGDWHDIWHUWKHPRQWK&DUGLQDOQXPEHUVPXVWEHXVHGZKHQUHIHUULQJ WRPRQWKVDQGGD\V$GGLWLRQDOO\ZKHQD\HDULVUHIHUHQFHGZLWKDPRQWKDQGDGD\WKH\HDUPXVWEHIROORZHG E\DFRPPD Example: KŶDĂƌĐŚϳ͕^ƚĞǀĞ>ĂƌƐĞŶďĞŐĂŶƚŚĞǁĂƚĞƌƉƌŽũĞĐƚ͘

127 KŶMarch 7th͕^ƚĞǀĞ>ĂƌƐĞŶďĞŐĂŶƚŚĞǁĂƚĞƌƉƌŽũĞĐƚ͘

Example: KŶ 26  March  2011,  ƚŚĞ/ŶŝƟĂƟǀĞŚĞůĚƚŚĞĮƌƐƚĚĂLJŽĨƚŚĞůĂLJŵŝĚǁŝǀĞƐĐůĂƐƐ͘

127 KŶ March  26,  2011ƚŚĞ/ŶŝƟĂƟǀĞŚĞůĚƚŚĞĮƌƐƚĚĂLJŽĨƚŚĞůĂLJŵŝĚǁŝǀĞƐĐůĂƐƐ͘

14


6 Punctuation ϲ͘ϭKdžĨŽƌĚŽŵŵĂ 2PLWWLQJWKHODVWFRPPDLQDVHULHVNQRZQDVWKH2[IRUG&RPPDFDQFDXVHFRQIXVLRQ,QDVHULHVRIWKUHHRU PRUHLWHPVXVHDFRPPDEHIRUHWKHFRQMXQFWLRQ7KHFRPPDSUHYHQWVWKHUHDGHUIURPFRQIXVLQJWKHODVWWZR items in  a  series  (see  Chicago  Example: dŚĞŶƵƚƌŝƟŽŶƚĞĂŵĚĞĐŝĚĞĚƚŽďƌŝŶŐǀŝƚĂŵŝŶƐ͕ĞĚƵĐĂƟŽŶĂůƉĂŵƉŚůĞƚƐ͕ǀĞŐĞƚĂďůĞƐĞĞĚƐ,  and  ĐůĞĂŶǁĂƚĞƌ͘

127 dŚĞŶƵƚƌŝƟŽŶƚĞĂŵĚĞĐŝĚĞĚƚŽďƌŝŶŐǀŝƚĂŵŝŶƐ͕ĞĚƵĐĂƟŽŶĂůƉĂŵƉŚůĞƚƐ͕ǀĞŐĞƚĂďůĞƐĞĞĚƐ andĐůĞĂŶǁĂƚĞƌ͘

ϲ͘ϮhƐĞŽĨĂ^ĞŵŝĐŽůŽŶ/ŶƐƚĞĂĚŽĨĂŽŵŵĂŝŶĂ^ĞƌŝĞƐ :KHQDOLVWXVHVLQWHUQDOSXQFWXDWLRQRUZKHQWKHOLVWLVFRPSOH[LWHPVDUHEHVWVHSDUDWHGE\DVHPLFRORQUDWKHU WKDQE\DFRPPD 6HH.RKODQGChicago  Example: dŚĞĂŶĞŵŝĂůĞǀĞůƐǁĞƌĞĂƐĨŽůůŽǁƐ͗ĐŚŝůĚƌĞŶƵŶĚĞƌĮǀĞ͕ϵ͘ϳ͖ĐŚŝůĚƌĞŶŽǀĞƌĮǀĞ͕ϴ͖ůĂĐƚĂƟŶŐǁŽŵĞŶ͕ϱ͖ĂŶĚƉƌĞŐŶĂŶƚ women, 7.8.  

127 dŚĞĂŶĞŵŝĂůĞǀĞůƐǁĞƌĞĂƐĨŽůůŽǁƐĐŚŝůĚƌĞŶƵŶĚĞƌĮǀĞ͕ϵ͘ϳ͕ĐŚŝůĚƌĞŶŽǀĞƌĮǀĞ͕ϴ͕ůĂĐƚĂƟŶŐǁŽŵĞŶ͕ϱ͕ƉƌĞŐŶĂŶƚǁŽŵĞŶ͕ 7.8.

ϲ͘ϯŽůŽŶƐ As ChicagoVWDWHV³DFRORQLQWURGXFHVDQHOHPHQWRUDVHULHVRIHOHPHQWVLOOXVWUDWLQJRUDPSOLI\LQJZKDW KDVSUHFHGHGWKHFRORQ´7KHFODXVHSUHFHGLQJWKHFRORQLVXVXDOO\LQGHSHQGHQWDQGFRQVWLWXWHVDJUDPPDWLFDOO\ FRPSOHWHVHQWHQFH$FRORQIROORZVLQWURGXFWRU\SKUDVHVOLNHas  follows,  the  following,  and  similar  expressions.   'RQRWXVHDFRORQDIWHUnamely,  for  example,  and  similar  expressions.   Example: ,ĂŝƟ,ĞĂůƚŚ/ŶŝƟĂƟǀĞŶƵƚƌŝƟŽŶƚĞĂŵŵĞŵďĞƌƐŚĞůƉĞĚƚŚĞůŽĐĂůƐďLJƉĞƌĨŽƌŵŝŶŐthe  following:ĂƐƐĞƐƐŵĞŶƚƐŽĨĐƵƌƌĞŶƚ ĚŝĞƚŚĂďŝƚƐ͕ƚĞƐƟŶŐŽĨĐĂůŽƌŝĞůĞǀĞůƐŝŶĨŽŽĚƐ͕ĂŶĚĞǀĂůƵĂƟŽŶƐŽĨĐƌŽƉŐƌŽǁƚŚĚƵƌŝŶŐƚŚĞĚƌLJƐĞĂƐŽŶ͘

127 ,ĂŝƟ,ĞĂůƚŚ/ŶŝƟĂƟǀĞŶƵƚƌŝƟŽŶƚĞĂŵŵĞŵďĞƌƐ͛ǁŽƌŬ included:ĂƐƐĞƐƐŵĞŶƚƐŽĨĐƵƌƌĞŶƚĚŝĞƚŚĂďŝƚƐ͕ƚĞƐƟŶŐŽĨĐĂůŽƌŝĞůĞǀĞůƐ ŝŶĨŽŽĚƐ͕ĂŶĚĞǀĂůƵĂƟŽŶƐŽĨĐƌŽƉŐƌŽǁƚŚĚƵƌŝŶŐƚŚĞĚƌLJƐĞĂƐŽŶ͘

15


ϲ͘ϰ,LJƉŚĞŶƐ +\SKHQVVKRXOGEHXVHGLQFRPSRXQGZRUGVFRPSRXQGQDPHVFRPSRXQGLGHQWLWLHVDQGZRUGGLYLVLRQV Examples: EŽŶͲŶĂƟǀĞŶŐůŝƐŚƐƉĞĂŬĞƌƐ DĂƌĐͲƵƌĞůDĂƌƟĂů ,ĂŝƟĂŶͲŵĞƌŝĐĂŶ

127 EŽŶŶĂƟǀĞŶŐůŝƐŚƐƉĞĂŬĞƌƐ DĂƌĐƵƌĞůDĂƌƟĂů ,ĂŝƟĂŶŵĞƌŝĐĂŶ

,IGHEDWLQJZKHWKHURUQRWWRK\SKHQDWHDZRUGORRNXSWKHZRUGLQDWUXVWHGGLFWLRQDU\VXFKDVMerriam-­ Webster’s Collegiate  DictionaryZKLFKLVIUHHRQOLQH

6.5 ŶĂƐŚĞƐĂŶĚŵĂƐŚĞƐ ±(QGDVKWKHOHQJWKRIDQ³Q´LQDJLYHQIRQW,WLVXVHGWRLQGLFDWHDUDQJHRIQXPEHUV ² (PGDVKWKHOHQJWKRIDQ³P´LQDJLYHQIRQW,WLVXVHGWRVHSDUDWHLGHDVZLWKLQDVHQWHQFH,WLVOLNHD FRPPDRUSDUHQWKHVLVEXWVWURQJHU ([DPSOHRIHQGDVK dŚĞĞĚƵĐĂƟŽŶĂůĐůĂƐƐǁĂƐϴ͗ϬϬ  –ϭϬ͗ϬϬĂ͘ŵ͘ĞĂĐŚŵŽƌŶŝŶŐ͘

127 dŚĞĞĚƵĐĂƟŽŶĂůĐůĂƐƐǁĂƐϴ͗ϬϬ-­‐ϭϬ͗ϬϬĂ͘ŵ͘ĞĂĐŚŵŽƌŶŝŶŐ͘

:KHQfromDSSHDUVEHIRUHWKHQXPEHUVXVHtoLQVWHDGRIDQHQGDVK dŚĞĞĚƵĐĂƟŽŶĂůĐůĂƐƐǁĂƐfromϴ͗ϬϬtoϭϬ͗ϬϬĂ͘ŵ͘ĞĂĐŚŵŽƌŶŝŶŐ͘

127 dŚĞĞĚƵĐĂƟŽŶĂůĐůĂƐƐǁĂƐfromϴ͗ϬϬ–ϭϬ͗ϬϬĂ͘ŵ͘ĞĂĐŚŵŽƌŶŝŶŐ͘

([DPSOHRIHPGDVK dŚĞďŽLJĨƌŽŵƚŚĞǀŝůůĂŐĞ—ŚĂǀŝŶŐǁĂƚĐŚĞĚZĞŶĂƵĚdŚŽŵĂƐŝŶƚŚĞĮĞůĚƐ—ĂƐŬĞĚƚŽŚĞůƉ,ĂŝƟ,ĞĂůƚŚ/ŶŝƟĂŝƟǀĞŝŶƚŚĞ ŽƌŐĂŶŝnjĂƟŽŶ͛ƐĂŐƌŝĐƵůƚƵƌĂůĞīŽƌƚƐ͘

127 dŚĞďŽLJĨƌŽŵƚŚĞǀŝůůĂŐĞŚĂǀŝŶŐǁĂƚĐŚĞĚZĞŶĂƵĚdŚŽŵĂƐŝŶƚŚĞĮĞůĚƐĂƐŬĞĚƚŽŚĞůƉ,ĂŝƟ,ĞĂůƚŚ/ŶŝƟĂƟǀĞŝŶƚŚĞ ŽƌŐĂŶŝnjĂƟŽŶ͛ƐĂŐƌŝĐƵůƚƵƌĂůĞīŽƌƚƐ͘

ϲ͘ϲWĞƌŝŽĚƐŝŶƐŝĚĞYƵŽƚĂƟŽŶDĂƌŬƐ $SHULRGPXVWJRLQVLGHWKHFORVLQJTXRWDWLRQPDUNVLIWKDWSHULRGLVDSDUWRIWKHTXRWDWLRQ7KHSHULRGQHHGQRW JRLQVLGHWKHTXRWDWLRQPDUNLIWKHVHQWHQFHLVFRQWLQXHGDIWHUWKHTXRWDWLRQPDUN 16


Example: ͞dŚĞƌĞǁĂƐĂŶŽƟĐĞĂďůĞŝŵƉƌŽǀĞŵĞŶƚŝŶŽƌĂůŚĞĂůƚŚƚŚŝƐLJĞĂƌĐŽŵƉĂƌĞĚƚŽŵLJƚƌŝƉũƵƐƚŽŶĞLJĞĂƌĂŐŽ͕ďƵƚƚŚĞŶĞĞĚ ƌĞŵĂŝŶƐŐƌĞĂƚ.”

127 ͞dŚĞƌĞǁĂƐĂŶŽƟĐĞĂďůĞŝŵƉƌŽǀĞŵĞŶƚŝŶŽƌĂůŚĞĂůƚŚƚŚŝƐLJĞĂƌĐŽŵƉĂƌĞĚƚŽŵLJƚƌŝƉũƵƐƚŽŶĞLJĞĂƌĂŐŽ͕ďƵƚƚŚĞŶĞĞĚ ƌĞŵĂŝŶƐŐƌĞĂƚ”.

Example: <ĂƚLJƌĂŶĞ͕Z,ƐĂŝĚ͕͞dŚĞƌĞǁĂƐĂŶŽƟĐĞĂďůĞŝŵƉƌŽǀĞŵĞŶƚŝŶŽƌĂůŚĞĂůƚŚƚŚŝƐLJĞĂƌĐŽŵƉĂƌĞĚƚŽŵLJƚƌŝƉũƵƐƚŽŶĞLJĞĂƌ ĂŐŽ͕͟ĂŶĚƐŚĞŶŽƚĞĚƚŚĂƚƚŚĞŶĞĞĚƐƟůůƌĞŵĂŝŶƐŐƌĞĂƚ͘

127 <ĂƚLJƌĂŶĞ͕Z,ƐĂŝĚ͕͞dŚĞƌĞǁĂƐĂŶŽƟĐĞĂďůĞŝŵƉƌŽǀĞŵĞŶƚŝŶŽƌĂůŚĞĂůƚŚƚŚŝƐLJĞĂƌĐŽŵƉĂƌĞĚƚŽŵLJƚƌŝƉũƵƐƚŽŶĞLJĞĂƌ ĂŐŽ͘͟ĂŶĚƐŚĞŶŽƚĞĚƚŚĂƚƚŚĞŶĞĞĚƐƟůůƌĞŵĂŝŶƐŐƌĞĂƚ͘

ϲ͘ϳŽŵŵĂƐǁŝƚŚYƵŽƚĂƟŽŶƐ 4XRWHGPDWHULDOLVWUDGLWLRQDOO\LQWURGXFHGZLWKDFRPPD VHH&KLFDJR +RZHYHULIWKHTXRWDWLRQLV LQWURGXFHGE\that, whether,  or  a  similar  conjunction,  no  comma  is  needed.   Example: dŚĞĚĞŶƚĂůƚĞĂŵĚĞƚĞƌŵŝŶĞĚ  that͞ŶŽĞdžƚĞŶƐŝǀĞĚĞŶƚĂůƚƌĞĂƚŵĞŶƚǁĂƐŶĞĞĚĞĚĨŽƌŵŽƐƚĐŚŝůĚƌĞŶƵŶĚĞƌƚŚĞĂŐĞŽĨĮǀĞ͘͟

127 dŚĞĚĞŶƚĂůƚĞĂŵĚĞƚĞƌŵŝŶĞĚ that,͞ŶŽĞdžƚĞŶƐŝǀĞĚĞŶƚĂůƚƌĞĂƚŵĞŶƚǁĂƐŶĞĞĚĞĚĨŽƌŵŽƐƚĐŚŝůĚƌĞŶƵŶĚĞƌƚŚĞĂŐĞŽĨĮǀĞ͘͟

ϲ͘ϴYƵŽƚĂƟŽŶDĂƌŬƐĨŽƌdĞĐŚŶŝĐĂůdĞƌŵƐ $VUHFRUGHGLQ.RKOWHUPVVKRXOGQRWEHVHWDSDUWE\TXRWDWLRQPDUNVVLPSO\EHFDXVHWKH\DUHEHLQJXVHG LQDVSHFLDOL]HGRUWHFKQLFDOVHQVH7KHVSHFLDOL]HGZRUGVVKRXOGEHVHWLQURPDQW\SHMXVWOLNHWKHVXUURXQGLQJ WH[W,IWKHWHUPLVKDUGIRUDJOREDODXGLHQFHWRXQGHUVWDQGWKHQGH¿QHLWLQSDUHQWKHVHVGLUHFWO\DIWHUWKHWHUP Example: dŚĞůĂLJŵŝĚǁŝǀĞƐǁĞƌĞƉĂƌƟĐƵůĂƌůLJĞĂŐĞƌƚŽůĞĂƌŶĂďŽƵƚďĂƐŝĐŶĞŽŶĂƚĂůƌĞƐƵƐĐŝƚĂƟŽŶƚĞĐŚŶŝƋƵĞƐ;ƌĞƐƵƐĐŝƚĂƟŽŶƐŬŝůůƐĨŽƌ newly born  infantsͿ,  ǁŚŝĐŚǁĞƌĞĞdžƉůĂŝŶĞĚŝŶĚĞƚĂŝůƚŚĂƚĚĂLJ͘

127 dŚĞůĂLJŵŝĚǁŝǀĞƐǁĞƌĞƉĂƌƟĐƵůĂƌůLJĞĂŐĞƌƚŽůĞĂƌŶĂďŽƵƚďĂƐŝĐ͞ŶĞŽŶĂƚĂůƌĞƐƵƐĐŝƚĂƟŽŶ͟ƚĞĐŚŶŝƋƵĞƐ, ǁŚŝĐŚǁĞƌĞ ĞdžƉůĂŝŶĞĚŝŶĚĞƚĂŝůƚŚĂƚĚĂLJ͘

/ĨLJŽƵĂƌĞĂŵĞŵďĞƌŽĨƚŚĞ,ĂŝƟ,ĞĂůƚŚ/ŶŝƟĂƟǀĞƐƚĂīĂŶĚǁŽƵůĚůŝŬĞ ƚŽĂĚĚƚŽƚŚŝƐŝŶͲŚŽƵƐĞƐƚLJůĞŐƵŝĚĞ͕ƉůĞĂƐĞĐŽŶƚĂĐƚsŝĐƚŽƌŝĂĂŶĚůĂŶĚĂƚ ǀŝĐƚŽƌŝĂ͘ĐĂŶĚůĂŶĚΛŐŵĂŝů͘ĐŽŵŽƌ;ϴϱϴͿϴϮϵͲϮϵϲϬ͘zŽƵĐĂŶĂůƐŽĐŽŶƚĂĐƚ DĂƌĐͲƵƌĞůDĂƌƟĂůĂƚŵĂŵĂƌƟĂůΛŚŽƚŵĂŝů͘ĐŽŵŽƌ;ϴϬϭͿϴϯϬͲϯϬϰϯ͘

17

Haiti health initiative final style guide victoria candland  

This is a style guide I created for Haiti Health Initiative following the Chicago Manual of Style.

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