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in this issue Precolonial Filipina • Half-slip, Full Filipina • Swing Sisters • Look Who’s Talking • 101 Faces of the Filipina • Women on Top • Genius filipina • Venerable Mother Ignacia • GABRIELA • Natatanging Manunulat • Di Padadaig sa Tulin • Binibining Pilipinas • Naggagandahang Filipina • PLUS! Encyclopedia of Philippine Women • Philippine Women’s Studies • OPM Classics

NOTESFROMTEAMWIKIPILIPINAS WikiPilipinas is about Filipinos, for Filipinos, and by Filipinos. The spirit of revolution is action, and it was the action of the millions of Filipinos who went to EDSA in February 1986 demanding to be heard, armed with nothing but prayers, yellow shirts, and the courage to change things together, which ignited the People Power Revolution. The spirit of EDSA lives as long as Filipinos continue to come together, believing in the idea of a world that is common to all, revolutionizing our society even as we keep on building it. WikiPilipinas provides us with a place where our histories and memories can be represented, where we tell our stories and document our society through collaborating with fellow Filipinos all over the world. Memory is the basis of a nation’s survival, and the store of its knowledge is the true measure of its worth. Animated with the spirit of action, empowered by WikiPilipinas, the revolution comes alive.

THIS MAGAZINE IS FREE: • to Share — to copy, distribute and transmit the work • to Remix — to adapt the work UNDER THE FOLLOWING CONDITIONS: • Attribution. You must attribute the work in the manner specified by WikiPilipinas, the manual’s author and licensor (but not in any way that suggests that they endorse you or your re-use of this work). • Share Alike. If you alter, transform, or build upon this work, you may distribute the resulting work only under the same, similar or a compatible license. This is a copyleft license. • For any reuse or distribution, you must make clear to others the license terms of this work. • Nothing in this license impairs or restricts WikiPilipinas’ moral rights.

WikiZine is the official monthly publication of PROJECT EDITORS: Bambie Untalan and Rio Brigino • COPYEDITOR: Baripov Guerrero ART DIRECTOR: Richard Grimaldo • GRAPHIC ARTIST: Karlo Ong WikiZine is an original content from WikiPilipinas and is licensed under GNU Free Documentation License (GFDL). For a full explanation visit http://en.wikipilipinas. org/index.php?title=GNU_Free_Documentation_License). See full disclaimer at php?title=WikiPilipinas:_The_Philippine_Encyclopedia:General_disclaimer

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from the editors

WikiZine is the official zine of WikiPilipinas. It is a compilation of articles and special features archived in WikiPilipinas knowledge portals. The zine is free and comes out every month. WikiZine provides its readers with updates on the latest content developments in WikiPilipinas. It is also a handy reference guide for readers on topics for reading, research, and development. The March 2008 issue of Wikizine entitled Palibhasa Babae revolves around the theme Filipino Women. Showcased in this issue are the great women in the Philippines; women who have made a difference in society, women who Filipinos ought to be proud of. The Zine starts off with a preview of the newly launched special portal of WikiPilipinas – The Encyclopedia of Philippine Women. Also highlighted in the March Zine are articles that celebrate Pinay achievers, from the line of sports, entrepreneurship, entertainment industry, and more. And to give our readers a taste of the site’s variety and depth, we have spotlighted a couple of articles in taken from the premier Filipino encyclopedia: WikiFilipino. As a final offering, we have picked the most unforgettable OPM classics as sidebars for this issue and we dedicate them to the Filipina. Enjoy the March WikiZine! Feel free to read, write, and share your knowledge on Philippine studies by logging on to!,’s tandem portal, is also featured in the WikiZine. is a full-text digital library which archives Philippine documents and manuscripts for free, making them accessible to readers and scholars here in the Philippines and abroad. The March Wikizine includes a sneak-peek of the digital library’s freshest microsite—The Philippine Women’s Studies—which compiles full text of Philippine laws affecting women, scholarly documents and reports, as well as literary works, written for and/or by Filipinas, both arcane and contemporary. Log on to to browse the documents for free. We hope that the WikiZine will serve as your guide to and Start reading! You’ll find that you won’t run out of new and interesting things to discover. Start writing! No contribution is too small to share. WikiPilipinas is part of the knowledge-sharing initiative of

ABOUT THIS ISSUE In celebration of the International Women’s Month, WikiPilipinas devotes this issue to the Filipino Women. We now unveil the face of the new Filipina and listen to her side of the story. IN THIS ISSUE WE JOIN THE WOMEN’S MARCH.


oinciding with the observance of the International Women’s Month this March 2008, unveils The Encyclopedia of Philippine Women. It is an online repository of articles on Philippine women—their life stories, achievements, struggles and contributions to society. The Filipino woman is often mistakenly perceived as a domestic helper, or worse, a mail-order bride. Her many facets and roles are often passed over and disregarded. Some view her as a sex object, some as a household drudge. But the Filipina is so much more. She is a mother, a teacher, a nurturer, a fighter, a writer, a leader, and a hero. Many times, she has proven the strength of her character through manifestations in Gabriela Silang, Helena Z. Benitez, Honorata de la Rama, Fe del Mundo, Magdalena Jalandoni, Lualhati Bautista, Ma. Lorena Barros, and Liliosa Hilao. Through all adversities, the Filipina has stood proud, head up. This groundbreaking work is a tribute to the Filipino women. Through this project, the world discovers the Filipina’s one thousand faces and one million feats. WikiPilipinas invites every Filipino to contribute to this encyclopedia. Every mother, sister, and daughter has a story to tell, and a memory that must be written.

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Precolonial Filipina ANNIE BATUMBAKAL

Philippine history is replete with stories of great men who have shown heroism and excelled in various fields of knowledge. Likewise, the country is also endowed with great women who proved to the world that they have made a difference, even back during precolonial times. Women enjoyed high status in precolonial society. They had political rights and performed economic activities at par with men. Colonialism stripped Filipino women of their once lofty position in society as they were viewed as inferior to men. Women were rendered incapable of doing difficult tasks and were confined in homes with nothing to do but daily chores. They were stereotyped as “Maria Claras” in the same mold of Jose Rizal’s tragic heroine in the novel. Noli Me Tangere—shy and self-effacing. But despite this colonial bondage, many empowered women possessed the will and guts to leave behind this cloak of discrimination and move towards self and national liberation. Rights and Privileges In many aspects of Philippine precolonial life, women enjoyed the same privileges, rights, and opportunities as did men – depicting a true egalitarian society. Family Life Unlike in other cultures wherein a newborn girl was either disposed immediately or was lowly regarded if allowed to live, a baby girl was as welcome as a boy in pre-Hispanic Philippines. When she is of marrying age, a dowry would be given to her family by the groom as compensation for her family’s loss ...

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One of the hit songs of the ‘70s band Hotdog, Annie Batumbakal represents an active, energetic and Filipina gimikera. Annie works as a dispatcher in the morning, and saves her earnings for her evening gimmicks. Annie has a gay night life; she goes to Coco Banana (a ‘70s and ‘80s landmark of Manila’s nightlife) where she dances wildly without any sign of inhibition, as befitting a disco queen. She uses it as a diversion−a time when she can temporarily set aside her problems. Unfortunately, she ends up having a miserable fate; she loses her job and bumps into more glitches along the way.



A love song popularized by country’s premier concert king Martin Nievera and written by foremost composer Venancio Saturno, Be My Lady is a love offering to a woman who has gotten into a failed relationship. The song shows the pureness of a man’s intention for the woman he dreams of, offering his love for his lady in sorrow and pain. A man’s sentiment is best expressed by the line “Be my Lady...”, ending with a lifetime promise of love, “Just like a work of art, my love will last forever.”

Half-slip, Full Filipina is an entertainment and humor blogsite by Filipina Internet sensation Christine Gambito. The video blogs hosted on her website have become very popular on Youtube. On March 2007, the blog won 2nd place in the 2006 YouTube Video Awards for best comedy as well as the 2007 Philippine Blog Awards for Podcast of the Year. Also, the blog was named one of the first sites to become part of the YouTube revenue sharing program. Origin of the Title According to Gambito, the blog title HappySlip comes from her mother’s daily prompting of her to “wear a half-slip”. Her mother’s thick Filipino accent always gets in the way, causing the bisyllabic English word to sound like a threesyllable /hap-e-slip/. The young Gambito ended up assuming that it was really called a “happy slip” until friends at school corrected her. The Filipina blogger now says she picked the title not only for the fond memories it brings but also because she wants her blog to allow her readers to “slip into happiness”. Blog Video Style Gambito’s videos mainly focus on comedy bits profiling people (often her own family members) in awkward but true situations. She has also created several characters in the course of her blogging, each impersonating a different blog-style as a form of parody of her fellow bloggers. ...

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Swing Sisters Philippine golf aces Dorothy Delasin and Jennifer Rosales represented the Philippines in the 4th Women’s World Cup of Golf in Sun City, South Africa, and on January 20, 2008, the tandem topped the tourney. They finished with 4 birdies in the last 4 holes leaving Korea’s Ji-Yai Shin and Eun Hee Ji at second and Amy Hung and Yun Jye Wei of Taiwan and Shinobu Moromizato and Miki Saiki of Japan tied for third. Here’s a closer look at the Philippines’ swing sisters: Dorothy Delasin Golf sensation Dorothy Delasin was born to a Filipino couple in Lubbock, Texas. She started playing golf at an early age and quickly set out to reap numerous trophies in the Philippines and abroad. She won the Junior World Cup held in Japan in 1993, a gold medal for the Philippines in the 1996 Southeast Asian Games, and a bronze in the 1998 Bangkok Asiad. She also captured the US Women’s Amateur Championship, California Women’s Championship, and US Girls Championship. In 1999, the California Golf Writers Association named her the Amateur Golfer of the Year for her string of victories.


Popular Filipino rock and roll band Hotdog serenades Filipino women with their song Langit na Naman which characterizes love as a heavenly feeling. The song is about a man who dreams of the woman he loves. A glance at her face, or a whiff on her skin, a gentle kiss, or even a simple memory is like paradise to him. The man hopes for a never-ending love with the lady, even dreaming of living his entire life with her--through thick and thin, sickness or hunger. This song shows how men fall in love with the beauty and character of a genuine Filipina.

Jennifer Rosales Jennifer Rosales, J-Ro to fans of the sport, is another golf superwoman. She played her collegiate golf at the University of Southern California winning the 1998 NCAA Championship as a freshman, as well as the Golf World/ Palmetto Dunes Collegiate Invitational. Because of her successive wins, she was named F3 First-Team All-American in 1999. Rosales then entered the local scene and scored an unbelievable five consecutive championships in the Philippine Ladies Amateur Golf Championship from 1994 to 1998. Rosales gained exempt status for the 2000 LPGA Tour Season by finishing tied for seventh at the LPGA Final Qualifying Tournament. In 2004, she became the first Filipino golfer to win the LPGA Tour when she topped the Chick-Fil-A Charity Championship. ...

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Perslab (a colloquialization of the term “first love”) is a song of infatuation. Originally performed by Hotdog and revived by local women artists like Sharon Cuneta, Vina Morales, and Cookie Chua, the song tells of a story of a young lady and the feelings she has towards her first love. Head over heels for the guy, she “melts” everytime she sees him. Her heart skips a beat whenever he passes by. Sleepless nights, loss of appetite, butterflies in the stomach, and even pimple break-outs--all these she attributes to her love. As an ultimate irony, the girl ends song with the line “Kailan ba kita makikilala? Sana’y malapit na.”

Look Who’s Talking

The Vagina Monologues is a revolutionary Obie Awardwinning stage play written by Eve Ensler which, through the efforts of seasoned thespian Monique Wilson, first premiered in the Philippines in 2001. Its controversial Filipino version entitled Usapang Puki was staged by the UP Repertory Company and Gabriela Youth at the Dalisay Aldaba Recital Hall in UP Diliman . Synopsis The Vagina Monologues consists of a series of monologues that discuss women’s issues in relation to the female organ. Each monologue features stories of women’s fantasies, vulnerability, sexual experiences, and self-discovery. Some of the monologue titles include: I was Twelve, My Mother Slapped ME; My Angry Vagina; My Vagina Was My Village; The Little Coochie Snorcher That Could; The Woman Who Loved to Make Vaginas Happy; Because He Liked to Look At It; and I Was There in the Room. The entire piece conceives the vagina as a tool of women empowerment. Usapang Pukii On Stage In February 2001, the New Voice Company (NVC) first staged its VDay benefit production of The Vagina Monologues at the Music Museum. The play ran under the direction of the actress and NVC founder Monique Wilson. The initial production of the play encountered strong oppositions such as the government’s prohibition of the use of Filipino word for “vagina”. Despite the controversies, the play still made it to stage and continued its production at a dozen venues including many Catholic universities. It came with a highly acclaimed cast including famous Filipino actresses like Gina Alajar, Pinky Amador ...

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101 Faces of the Filipina A woman is a jack of all trades. She is an understanding mother, a loving friend, a sacrificing wife, an activist clamoring for her rights, a super hero that saves the day WikiPilipinas lists P that have defined t of the Filipina. Anak (Woman as a M This heartwarming the “Star for all Vilma Santos, best plifies how a woma mother, would sacr ything—even her ow ness—for her childre


Waray-Waray is one of the most enduring classical folk songs in the country based on the lyrics of National Artist Levi Celerio and composition of Juan Silos, Jr. The song features the dominant character of a typical Waray woman. It tells of the tough and hard-nosed Waray women who would never ever retreat from any fight. The song became even more popular when it was made into a movie in 1954 which top-billed the sensational loveteam of Nida Blanca and Nestor de Villa.

Separada (Woman a In this film, Marice depicts the emotion gle of a wife, to by the infidelity husband, and how woman, tries to co hardship of being s her husband while her sense of well-be Flor Contemplacion Story (Woman as a worker) This true to life film of an OFW in Singapore played by “Superstar” Nora Aunor reveals the true predicament of an Overseas Filipina Worker who, after enduring the pain of being away from her family to help her husband raise their children, suffers maltreatment, abuse, and eventual death in the hands of foreigners. Mila (Woman as an Educator) Maricel Soriano’s performance shows the passion of a woman to help educate others despite her personal problems and issues. Darna (Woman as a super hero) This fantasy movie, which has spanned 14 movies and 2 television, has created a stronger image of women. Darna best represents the modern Filipina—soft but tough. She proves that in this world, women can also do what men can. ...

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The achievements of women in various fields validate the concept of equal opportunity for every person regardless of gender, age and ethnicity. From mothers to revolutionaries to national leaders, Filipino women continue to excel and prove that they are indeed on top.


ON TOP Cristeta Comerford Cristeta “Cris” Comerford, a naturalized US citizen from a small district of Manila, is the first woman and first Filipino White House Executive Chef appointed by First Lady Laura Bush in 2005. Her mastery of ethnic and American cuisine through her stints at several hotels in the US brought her to the halls of the presidential kitchen.


Monique Lhuillier Monique Lhuillier, a leading bridal couturier who dresses famous Hollywood celebrities, has defined herself in the worlds of fashion and business. Since her first bridal collection in 1996, Lhuillier has received numerous recognitions which made her a member of the prestigious Council of Fashion Designers of America. She has been featured in popular international publications such as Vogue, Vanity Fair, and Newsweek.


Teresita Sy-Coson For two consecutive years, Teresita Sy-Coson has been the only Filipina to be included in Fortune Magazine’s elite list of 50 most powerful women of the world. Aside from being known as the daughter and successor of business patriarch Henry Sy, Teresita has already proven to be a big asset after brokering one of the largest bank deals for Banco de Oro.


Lourdes J. Cruz At sixty-four, Filipina biochemist Lourdes “Luly” Cruz joined the elite circle of National Scientists of the Philippines in 2007. She was conferred with the title and rank for her note-worthy research on the properties of toxins found in Conus snails. She is also known for the creation of the Rural Livelihood Incubator program which provides jobs and livelihood opportunities for people in rural areas.


ist with the distinction of being the first Filipino George Foster Peabody Awardee. Her relentless dedication to her field led her to cover everything from the underground “Kidney-for-Sale” business to high-profile political events. She is a fellow of GMA Network’s award-winning Media Productions, which explores the lives of real people through full-length documentaries and world news coverage. Sheila Mae Perez A young Filipina diver from Davao, Sheila Mae Perez has proven to be the best among other Southeast Asian divers after being the only one women’s three-meter springboard semi-finalist from the region in the 16th Diving World Cup at the Water Cube, Beijing, China. The 2008 Beijing Olympics in August is her third Olympic debut after the Sydney Olympics in 2000 and Athens Olympics in 2004.


Geraldine Javier Geraldine Javier is a Filipina topnotch nurse turned painter whose enigmatic works have been sought after in Christie’s Hong Kong and Sotheby’s Singapore. Javier’s paintings sell over two-million pesos, at par with the rates of great Filipino local artists Bencab, Anita Magsaysay Ho, and Felix Resurrecion Hidalgo. In 2003, Javier received the Artist Award from the Cultural Center of the Philippines.


Andrelee Mojica Among the roll of 2007 Philippine Military Academy (PMA) graduates, Navy cadet Andrelee Mojica topped in the Maragtas Class of 282 members. Mojica is the third female to graduate valedictorian since the PMA began admitting women in class in 1997, Ensign Arlene de la Cruz in 1999 and 2nd Lt. Tara Jaime Velasco in 2003. She is known in the academy not only for her outstanding academic performance but also for being the strongest Jessica Soho Jessica Soho is a highly acclaimed broadcast journal- contender for the Athletic Saber Award. ...


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Popularized by Filipino ska group Put3ska, Manila Girl is a song immortalizing a modern Manileña moving on the dance floor. The lyrics, which state “Manila girl, Manila girl/ No wall’s gonna block you/ Nobody’s gonna stop you/ Your feet is movin’ steady/ I dare you follow me,” were written from the point of view of an observer admiring the dancer. Although the lead singer of Put3ska is a female, the lyrics suggest that the person watching is actually a man. Manila Girl became a hit tune in the ‘90s, and its popularity among the young and old secured its place in Filipino pop culture.

Genius filipina The success of women in various fields has resonated even in the male-dominated halls of science. Currently there are world-famous female science icons, such as radioactive chemistry pioneer Marie Curie and nurse-statistician Florence Nightingale. In the Philippines, women scientists are prominent in the scientific community. Due to perhaps their innate maternal instinct, their researches have always addressed the plight of the Filipino people. From agriculture to pediatrics, Filipino women scientists have produced inventions and solutions answering the needs of Filipinos. Fe del Mundo Dr. Fe del Mundo was the first Asian woman and the first Filipina to be accepted at the prestigious Harvard University School of Medicine. Her specialization was pediatrics, and she is best known to the Filipinos as the designer of a low-cost incubator made of bamboo and other local materials. She published more than 100 articles in medical journals, and trained various medical practitioners in and out of the country. She was also the first Filipina to be conferred the rank of National Scientist in 1980. Encarnacion A. Alzona Dr. Encarnacion Alzona has the distinction of being the first woman in the Philippines to receive a doctorate degree. This was in 1922, when she obtained her Ph.D. from Columbia University. A known historian, Dr. Alzona has written several books on Philippine history, a few of which have already become classics, such as A History of Education in the Philippines. She was conferred the rank of National Scientist in 1985. Clare R. Baltazar A foremost Filipina entomologist, Dr. Clare Baltazar has done numerous studies on insects, particularly on Philippine-endemic Hymenoptera species, which proved important for biological insect control in the country. ...

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Venerable Mother Ignacia On July 6, 2007, the Vatican declared a Filipino “Venerable” in the person of Mother Ignacia the founder and organizer of the first Filipina religious congregation – the Religious of the Virgin Mary (RVM). Early Life Ignacia del Espiritu Santo, known to many as Mother Ignacia, was born in 1663 and was the eldest among the four children of Jusepe Iuco, a Chinese immigrant from Amoy, China, and María Jerónima, a native Filipina. Ignacia was baptized on March 4, 1663 at Holy Kings Parish, and spent her childhood in Binondo, Manila. She refused her parents’ request to marry. Instead Ignacia sought spiritual direction from Fr. Paul Klein, a Jesuit from Bohemia who arrived in Manila in 1682. The priest gave her the spiritual exercises of St. Ignatius. After this period of solitude and prayer, Ignacia decided to “remain in the service of the Divine Majesty” and to “live by sweat of her brow”. She left home and brought with her only a needle and a pair of scissors. She started to live alone in the house located at the back of the Jesuit College of Manila.


A young man’s anthem in the 90s originally sung by the grunge band Teeth and revived with a bossanovan rhythm by artist 6-Cycle Mind, Prinsesa tells the story of a man’s enchantment to a lady he sees seated in a dark corner of a packed room. The man falls instantly for her, yearning to hear her voice and to hold her hands. Just as he is about to approach the girl, he sees her wrapped in another man’s arms. “Dalhin mo ako sa iyong palasyo / Maglakad tayo sa hardin ng iyong kaharian / Wala man akong pag-aari, pangako kong habangbuhay kitang pagsisilbihan / O aking prinsesa”. He dismisses what he saw—his mind still reeling with images of his princess. With a movie-like ending, the man wakes up, painfully realizing that everything was just a dream.

The Founding of a New Community Her life of prayer and labor attracted “yndias” (natives) who also felt called to the religious life but could not be admitted into the existing congregation at that time. Mother Ignacia accepted these women into her company and the first community was born. They became known as the ‘’Beatas de la Compania de Jesus’’ because they frequently received the sacraments at the Church of St. Ignatius. They performed many acts of devotion there, and had the Jesuit fathers as their spiritual directors and confessors. Mother Ignacia centered her life on the suffering of Christ and tried to imitate him through a life of service and humility. Her sense of humble service was expressed in her capacity to forgive, to bear wrongs patiently and to correct with gentleness and meekness. ...

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Beautiful Girl is a very famous tune from legendary local crooner Jose Mari Chan. It speaks of a man’s new found love after days of melancholy brought about by a failed relationship. In the song, the guy sees a beautiful woman and instantly feels an intense attraction. He lives for this feeling, almost as if he had been waiting for this girl all his life. The song Beautiful Girl has become so popular in the country that most Filipinos can actually recite its lyrics from memory, or more appropriately, from the heart.

GABRIELA (General Assembly Binding Women for Reforms, Integrity, Equality, Leadership, and Action) is an organization of Filipino women that advocates gender sensitivity and women’s rights. GABRIELA, which was founded in 1984, was named in honor of Gabriela Silang who led a revolt against Spain in the second half of the 18th century. The organization’s electoral wing, the Gabriela Women’s Party, currently has two Representatives in the 14th Congress of the Philippines: Luzviminda C. Ilagan and Liza Maza. History The need for political and economic reform during the Martial Law years drove 42 women’s organizations to unite and establish a coalition that eventually became GABRIELA. Currently, the organization has among its members 250 women’s organizations, institutes, desks, programs, and women from all walks of life. Membership GABRIELA is a network of grassroots organizations, institutions, and programs. Its members take an active stance on issues of human rights, poverty, globalization, militarism, violence, health, sex trafficking, and other issues that affect women. GABRIELA has regional chapters in Metro Manila, Cordillera Administrative Region, and Mindanao; sub-regional chapters in Negros, Panay and Samar; and provincial chapters in Bicol and Cebu. ...

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Isang Natatanging Manunulat Si Liwayway A. Arceo ay pangunahing mangangathang Tagalog at Filipino na nakasulat ng 90 nobela, 2 libong mahigit na kuwento, 1 libong mahigit na sanaysay, 36 tomo ng iskrip sa radyo, 7 aklat ng salin, 3 iskrip sa telebisyon, at di-mabilang na kuntil-butil na lathalain sa halos lahat ng pangunahing publikasyong Tagalog o Filipino. Binago ni Arceo ang topograpiya ng panitikang Tagalog, at ng ngayon ay tinatawag na panitikang popular, sa paglalathala ng mga akdang nagtatampok ng halagahan [values], lunggati [vision], at kaisipang Filipino. Ginamit din niyang lunsaran ang pamilya bilang talinghaga ng Filipinas; at sa pamamagitan ng masinop ng paggamit ng wika ay itinaas sa karapat-dapat na pedestal ang mga kathang Tagalog, sa kabila ng pamamayani ng Ingles bilang opisyal na wika ng edukasyon at gobyerno. Ang kakatwa ay malimit mapagkamalang pag-aari ni Arceo ang magasing Liwaywayy dahil ang pangalan niya ay “Liwayway” din. Bukod pa rito, naging mataas na pamantayan si Arceo bilang manunulat at editor ng nasabing magasin, na nakatulong nang malaki upang lumaki ang sirkulasyon nito at umabot sa halos kalahating milyong sipi kada linggo. Ang iba pang tuluyang nobela na hindi binanggit dito ay nasa aklatan ngayon ng Unibersidad ng Pilipinas at Ateneo de Manila University. Inihabilin ni Arceo ang karamihan sa kaniyang antigong papeles, aklat, at memorabilya doon sa aklatan ng UP noong 28 Agosto 1993 at sa Ateneo Library of Women’s Writing (ALIWW) noong 28 Nobyembre 1994. Ang iba pa niyang natitirang aklat at memorabilya ay nasa dating tahanan niya sa Project 6, Lungsod Quezon, at nakahanda para sa Liwayway A. Arceo Foundation na itinatag ng kaniyang anak na abogadong si Florante. ...


Inawit ni Bayang Barrios at kinatha ni Sammy Asuncion, ang Inang Bayan ay pumapaksa hinggil sa madidilim na pangyayaring bumabalot sa bansa. Inilarawan ang Filipinas na batbat ng gulo, gutom, sakit, at digma na ibig ng personang nagsasalita na baguhin. Kung paano malulunasan ang gayong problema ay hindi naman isinaad. Gayunman, tila nanghihimok ang awit na makilahok ang lahat na tulungan ang “Inang Bayan” na ginawang panumbas na sagisag sa “Filipinas.”

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Ugoy ng Duyan ang klasikong awit na nilikha ni Levi Celerio at Lucio San Pedro na kapuwa nasa Orden ng Pambansang Alagad ng Sining. Ginugunita sa awit ang masayang nakaraan ng bata sa piling ng kaniyang ina, at ipinagdiriwang ang magiliw na pagmamahal ng magulang sa kaniyang anak. Nasa anyong oyayi ang awit at malimit ginagamit kapag inihehele ang sanggol. Tumawid din ang kahulugan sa pagsasalin ng gayong damdamin sa mga kabataang magiging magulang balang araw.

Di Padadaig Sa Tulin

Si Lydia de Vega, na kilala ngayon bilang Lydia de VegaMercado, ang itinuring na pinakamabilis na babaeng tumakbo sa paligsahan sa Asya noong dekada 1980. Dalawang ulit na nakapag-uwi si Lydia ng medalyang ginto sa Asian Games sa takbuhang may layong 100 metro, ang isa noong 1982 Asiad, at ang ikalawa ay noong 1986. Noong Asiad Games sa Seoul, South Korea, nagwagi ng medalyang pilak si Lydia sa takbuhang may layong 200 metro. Dalawang medalyang ginto ang nakamit niya sa Southeast Asian Games na ginanap sa Maynila noong 1981. Siya ang kauna-unahang babaeng lumahok at tumakbo sa lรกrang ng atletika noong Olimpiyada. Noong 1983, ipinakita ni Lydia ang kaniyang husay sa pagtakbo nang muling makamit niya ang medalyang ginto sa SEA Games na ginanap sa Singapore noong 1993. Kayumanggi, matangkad, malantik ang balakang, mahahaba ang binti, at may ngiting makaaakit sa sinumang lalaki ang mga katangian ni Lydia na nagpatingkad sa kaniyang karera. Higit pa rito, laging bukambibig niya ang pagwawagi para sa bayan, at para sa ikalulugod ng kaniyang mga kababayan. Nahalal siyang konsehal sa Meycauayan, Bulakan, at patuloy na nagbabahagi magpahangga ngayon ng kaniyang kaalaman hinggil sa karera ng pagtakbo. Isinilang si Lydia sa Maynila ngunit lumaki sa Meycauayan, Bulakan, Filipinas. Ikinasal siya kay Pablo V. Mercado na nagbigay sa kaniya ng tatlong anak. Ngunit namatay sa aksidente ang kanilang bunso nang mabangga ng dyip noong Pebrero 2006. Naninirahan ngayon ang mag-anak sa Project 4, Lungsod Quezon. ...

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Binibining Pilipinas MAGDALENA Hindi lamang karaniwang timpalak pangkagandahan ang Binibining Pilipinas Beauty Pageant. Nilikha ito bilang pinakatanyag na tagapangalap ng pondo para sa mga proyektong tutulong sa mga ulila, dukhang pamilya, at iba pang kulang-palad sa lipunan. Proyekto ng Binibining Pilipinas Charities, Incorporated (BPCI), ang nasabing timpalak pangkagandahan ay ginaganap taon-taon, at itinuturing na pinakatanyag sa buong bansa. Layon ng BPCI na ipalaganap ang mensahe ng kapayapaan at pagmamahal sa sandaigdigan. Samantala, ang BPCI ay walang sapi, di-pinagtutubuang organisasyon na ipinundar ni Stella MĂĄrquez de Araneta. Lahat ng kita ng BPCI ay napupunta sa mga bahay-arugaan para sa mga ulilang bata sa Kalakhang Maynila. Nakikipagtulungan ang BPCI sa Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) upang maisulong nito ang mga makabuluhang proyekto.

Ang awit na Magdalena na kinatha at inawit ni Freddie Aguilar ay naglalarawan hinggil sa buhay ng babaeng nagbibili ng aliw dahil sa kahirapan sa buhay. Hinugot mula sa biblikong alusyon kay Maria Magdalena, ang “Magdalena� ni Aguilar ay kumakatawan sa bawat babaeng puta na pinupukol ng alipusta at prehuwisyo ng bayan, at siya namang inaasahang ililigtas ng nagsasalitang persona sa kanta.

Pagbabago ng Patakaran Nagsimula ang Binibining Pilipinas noong 1964, at itinanghal na reyna si Myrna Panlilio. Mababago ang patakaran sa mga sumunod na taon, dahil hindi na lamang Binibining Pilipinas-Universe ang ibibigay na titulo. Unang ibinigay ang titulong Binibining Pilipinas-International noong 1968, at ang nagwagi ay si Nini Ramos. Pagsapit ng 1973, ibinigay naman ang titulong Binibining PilipinasMaja International na pinagwagian ni Nanette Prodigalidad. Ang titulo namang Binibining Pilipinas-World ay ipinakilala noong 1992, ang taon nang magwagi si Marilen Espino. ...

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Ang Binibini ay isa sa mga pinasikat na awitin ng grupong Rainmakers noong 1970s. Ito ay muling binigyang-kulay sa reggae na bersiyon ng bandang Brownman Revival matapos ang mahigit tatlong dekada ng kasikatan. Inilalahad sa awiting ito ang matimtimang damdamin ng isang binata sa binibining laman ng kaniyang panaginip at dasal. Tatak ng awitin ang matalinghagang paghahalintulad ng binata sa babaeng kaniyang iniibig sa isang birhen na iniingatan, iginagalang, at pinagaalayan ng wagas na pagmamahal.

Maririkit na Binibini Kung ang timpalak ng Miss Universe ang magiging batayan, may sampung Filipino na maihahanay na pinakamagaganda mula sa iba’t ibang panahon. Hindi lamang tangkad at anyo, kulay at kinis ng kutis, at hugis ng balakang at dibdib ang nakabibighani sa kanila kundi maging ang kanilang talino, puso, at pagiging Filipino. Walang itulak kabigin sa mga babaeng ito, at marahil, magiging hamon sila sa mga susunod na kandidata sa anumang timpalak pangkagandahan saanmang panig ng daigdig sa mga darating pang panahon. 1. Gloria Diaz. Siya ang kauna-unahang Filipina na nagwagi ng titulong Miss Universe noong 1969, at bumasag sa kumbensiyon hinggil sa dating de-kahong pagtingin sa mga babaeng may kutis kayumanggi. Nabaliw ang mga lalaki sa kaniyang klasikong pelikulang Pinakamagandang Hayop sa Balat ng Lupa na obra maestra ni Celso Ad. Castillo. 2. Margarita Moran. Sinungkit niya ang mga titulong Miss Universe at Miss Photogenic noong 1974, at hinigtan ang iniuwing titulo ni Diaz. 3. Miriam Quiambao. Nakamit niya ang unang karangalang banggit noong 1999, at pumalaot sa daigdig ng telebisyon at pagbabalita. 4. Lalaine Bennett. Siya ang unang Filipinang nagkamit ng ikatlong karangalang banggit sa Miss Universe noong 1963. 5. Maria Rosario Silayan. Nagwagi ng ikatlong karangalang banggit sa Miss Universe noong 1980, at pagkaraan ay pumalaot sa pelikula at naging paboritong kapareha ng gaya ni Fernando Poe Jr. 6. Desiree Verdadero. Nagwagi ng ikatlong karangalang banggit sa Miss Universe noong 1984, at pagkaraan ay kinuhang modelo sa iba’t ibang larang. 7. Vida Doria. Pambihirang ngiti at balani ang nagpanalo kay Vida bilang Miss Photogenic noong 1971 8. Ailene Damiles. Kutis porselana at nakababaliw na hubog ng balakang ang naging paborito ng mga potograpo. Naging Miss Photogenic noong 1986. ...

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