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Eminent Persons & Appointments ,e;jpa NfhB];tuu;fspy; KNf\; mk;ghdp Kjyplk;:

cyf NfhB];tuh;fs; thpirapy; gpy;Nfl;]{k; ,e;jpa NfhB];tuh;fspy; KNf\; mk;ghdpAk; Kjyplj;jpy; cs;sdh;. rPdhitr; Nrh;e;j rh;tNjr Ma;T epWtdkhd `{Ud;> cyf gzf;fhuh;fspd; gl;biy ntspapl;Ls;sJ. 68 ehLfisr; Nrhe;j 1867 ngUk; NfhB];tuh;fis mth;fspd; nrhj;J kjpg;Gf;F Vw;g me;j epWtdk; thpirg;gLj;jpAs;sJ. ,jpy; &.4>08>000 Nfhb nrhj;J kjpg;Gld; mnkhpf;fhitr; Nrh;e;j ikf;Nuh rhg;l; epWtdh; jgpy;Nfl;]; Kjyplj;ijg; gpbj;Js;shh;. mNj ehl;ilr; Nrhe;j thud; gg;gl; &. 3>84>000 NfhbfSld; ,uz;lhtJ ,lj;jpYk; ];ngapid Nrh;e;j mNkhd;rpNah Xh;bfh &. 3>72>000 NfhbfSld; %d;whtJ ,lj;jpYk; cs;sdh;. ,e;jpahitr; Nrh;e;j hpiyad;]; ,d;l];l;hP]; epWtdj; jiyth; KNf\; mk;ghdp rh;tNjr mstpy; 41-tJ ,lj;jpy; cs;shh;. mtuJ nrhj;J kjpg;G &.1>08>000 NfhbahFk;. ,jd;gb ,e;jpa gzf;fhuh;fs; thpirapy; KNf\; mk;ghdp Kjyplj;jpy; cs;shh;. gphpl;lidr; Nrh;e;j ,e;jpauhf yl;Rkp kpl;ly; &.1>02>000 Nfhb nrhj;J kjpg;Gld; th;tNjr mstpy; 49-tJ ,lj;jpy; cs;shh;. rd; ghh;kh ,d;l];l;hP]; mjpgh; jpypg; rpq;tp> tpg;Nuh jiyth; mrpk; gpNuk;[p MfpNahh; jyh &.81>000 Nfhb nrhj;J kjpg;Gld; 77-tJ ,lj;jpy; cs;sdh;. lhlh rd;]; epWtdj;jpd; gy;Nyhd;[p kp];jphp &.72>000 Nfhb nrhj;J kjpg;Gld; 93tJ ,lj;jpy; cs;shh;. ,e;jpahtpy; nkhj;jk; 70 ngUk; NfhB];tuh;fs; cs;sdh;. ,J n[h;kdp> Rtpl;rh;yhe;J> gpuhd;];> [g;ghd; ehLfisr; Nrh;e;j NfhB];tuh;fSk; cs;sdh;. ngUk; gzf;fhuh;fs; mjpfk; trpf;Fk; 6 efuq;fspy; Kk;igAk; ,lk; gpbj;Js;sJ. mq;F 33 NfhB];tuh;fs; cs;sdh;. rh;tNjr mstpy; 9 NfhB];tuh;fspy; xUth; ngz;zhf cs;shh;. ,e;j Mz;L 482 GJKfq;fs; NfhB];tuh;fs; gl;baypy; ,ize;Js;sdh;.

‘buha;” Kd;dhs; jiyth; kiwT jfty; njhlh;G xOq;FKiw Mizaj;jpd; (buha;) Kd;dhs; jiytuhd N[.v];.th;kh fhykhdhh;. mtUf;F taJ 65. 1971-k; Mz;L Me;jpuj;jpypUe;J I.V.v];. mjpfhhpahf Njh;T nra;ag;gl;l th;kh> buha; jiytuhf 2009-k; Mz;L Kjy; 2012-k; Mz;L tiu gjtp tfpj;jhh;. ,e;jf; fhyf;fl;lj;jpy; nry;Nghd; vz;iz khw;whkNy> NtW njhiy njhlh;G epWtdq;fSf;F khw;Wk; trjp> nehbf;F fl;lzk;> Efh;Nthhpd; mDkjp ,y;yhky; ,d;nlh;nel; cs;spl;l trjpfis nry;Nghdpy; nray;gLj;Jtjw;Fj; jil vd njhiy njhlh;G Jiwapy; gy;NtW rPh;jpUj;jq;fis th;kh nfhz;L te;jhh;.

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rh;tNjr ngz; ghypay; Rfhjhu rq;fk;:

ngz;fs; ghypay; Rfhjhuk; njhlh;ghd rh;tNjr rq;fj;Jf;F nrd;idiar; Nrh;e;j ghypay; kUj;Jt rpfpr;ir epGzh; b.ehuhaz nul;b Njh;T nra;ag;gl;Ls;shh;. ,jw;fhd mjpfhug; G+h;t mwptpg;G mnkhpf;fhtpy; fle;j 20-Mk; Njjp eilngw;w ngz;fs; ghypay; Rfhjhu rq;f $l;lj;jpy; ntspaplg;gl;lJ. ,e;j rq;fj;Jf;F ,e;jpahtpypUe;J Fwpg;ghf njw;F MrpahtpypUe;J Njh;e;njLf;fg;gl;l Kjy; lhf;lh; vd;w rpwg;ig ehuhaz nul;b ngw;Ws;shh;. ,e;j rh;tNjr mikg;G> ngz;fSf;fhd ghypay; gpur;ridfSf;F jPh;T fhz fle;j 1998-Mk; Mz;L Vw;gLj;jg;gl;lJ. lhf;lh; khjq;fp uhkfpU\;zDf;F ‘mt;itahh; tpUJ”

xt;nthU Mz;Lk; r%f rPh;jpUj;jk;> kfsph; Nk;ghL> kj ey;ypzf;fk;> fyhr;rhuk;> gj;jphpif> eph;thfk; cs;spl;l gy;NtW ngz;fis Cf;Ftpf;Fk; tifapy; mth;fspy; xUtUf;F rh;tNjr kfsph; jpdj;jd;W ‘mt;itahh; tpUJ” kw;Wk; &.1yl;rk;>1 gTd; jq;fg;gjf;fk;> rhd;wpjo; toq;fg;gLk; vd Kjy;th; n[ayypjh mwptpj;jpUe;jhh;. mjd;gb fle;j 2 Mz;Lfshf ‘mt;itahh; tpUJ” kfsph; jpdj;ijnahl;b toq;fg;gl;L tUfpwJ. 2014-Mk; Mz;Lf;fhd mt;itahh; tpUJ> xl;LWg;G mWit rpfpr;ir kw;Wk; jPg;Gz; kUj;Jtj;Jiwapy; rpwe;j Nritahw;wp tUk; nrd;id Eq;fk;ghf;fk; cs;s ‘iry;l;]; bu];l;” kUj;Jt Muha;r;rp epWtdj;jpd; jiyth; lhf;lh; khjq;fp uhkfpU\;zDf;F toq;fg;gLk; vd jkpof Kjy;th; n[ayypjh Mizapl;Ls;shh;.

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Nfus MSeuhf \Pyh jPl;rpj; epakdk;:

Nfus Mseuhf ,Uf;Fk; epfpy; Fkhh;> tUk; kf;fsitj; Njh;jypy; Nghl;bapLk; nghUl;L jdJ gjtpia uh[pehkh nra;Js;shh;. ,jidaLj;J me;jg; gjtpapy; jpy;yp Kd;dhs; Kjy;th; \Pyh jPl;rpj;ij kj;jpa muR epakpj;Js;sJ. jpy;yp khepy Kjy;tuhf \Pyh jPl;rpj; fle;j 1998Mk; Mz;L Kjy; 2013Mk; Mz;L tiu njhlh;e;J 3 Kiw gjtp tfpj;Js;shh;. mz;ikapy; eilngw;w jpy;yp khepy rl;lg;Nguitj; Njh;jypy; fhq;fpu]; fl;rp gLNjhy;tpia re;jpj;jJ. jpy;yp njhFjpapy; Nghl;b \Pyh jPl;rpj;> Mk; Mj;kp fl;rp mikg;ghsh; mutpe;j; Nf[hpthyplk; 22 Mz;uk; thf;Ffs; tpj;jpahrj;jpy; Njhy;tpaile;jhh;. Kd;djhf cj;jug;gpuNjr khepyk; fd;Ndh[; njhFjpapy; ,Ue;J kf;fsit cWg;gpduhf fle;j 1984 Mk; Mz;L \Pyh jPl;rpj; Njh;e;njLf;fg;gl;Ls;shh;. tq;fNjr vOj;jhsh; j];ypkh e];hPd;

1962 Mk; Mz;L tq;fNjrj;jpy; kj mbg;gilthjf; fUj;J Ml;rp nrYj;jpa #oypy; xU ,];yhkpaf; FLk;gj;jpy; gpwe;jhh;. kUj;Jtk; gapd;Ws;s e];hpd;> gapw;rp kUj;Jtuhfg; gzpahw;wpa fhyfl;lj;jpy; mth;> ghypay; rpj;utijf;F cs;shf;fg;gl;l ngz;fisAk; ngz; Foe;ij gpwe;j jw;fhfg; gpurt miwapNyNa mOJ Gyk;Gk; ngz;fisAk; fz;lhh;. ngz;fSf;F vjpuhd kj mlf;F Kiwfs; Fwpj;J mth; mjpy; vOjpdhh;. Mzhjpf;fj;jpw;F vjpuhd mthpd; tYthd nkhopf;F nghpa MjuT cUthdJ. 1990 ,y; e];hpDf;F vjpuhf Mh;g;ghl;lq;fs; ele;jd. mtuJ fl;Liufs; tUk; gj;jphpf;if mYtyfq;fs; kjthjpfshy; jhf;fg;gl;ld. e];hpd; jhf;fg;gl;l rk;gq;fSk; ele;jd. ,jdhy; tPl;Lf;Fs; Klq;fpdhh;. NtiyapypUe;J fl;lhahkhf ntspNaw;wg;gl;lhh;. 1993 ,y; mth; ehty; y[;[h ntspte;jJ. ,e;ehty; ,e;jpahtpy; ghgh; k#jp ,bf;fg;gl;lijj; njhlh;e;J tq;fNjrj;jpy; ntbj;j kj td;Kiwiaf; fijf; fskhff; nfhz;lJ. ,e;Jr; rpWghd;ikapdUf;F vjpuhd kdpjh gpakhdkw;w td;Kiwia ehtypy; e];hpd; tpthpj;jpUe;jhh;. ,jw;F kjthjpfs; fLk; vjph;g;G njhptpj;jdh;. tq;fNjr muR ehtYf;Fj; jil tpjpj;jJ. gpizapy; tu Kbahj ifJ cj;jiitAk; gpwg;gpj;jJ. mth; jiyf;Ff; $Ljy; tpiyia xU kjthj mikg;G tpjpj;jJ. 1994y; ];tPld; mtUf;F milf;fyk; nfhLj;jJ. mq;F nrd;whh;. Mdhy; nfhy;fj;jhtpy; trpf;f tpUk;gpdh;. ,e;jpah mtUf;F FbAhpik mspf;f kWj;J ,Ug;gpl chpkk; kl;lk; toq;fpaJ MdhYk; ,e;jpahtpYk; mtuhy; epk;kjpahf tho Kbatpy;iy Kk;igapYk; i`uhgj;jpYk; e];hpd; jhf;fg;gl;lhh;. mth; ,e;jpahit tpl;L ntspNaw eph;g;ge;jpf;fg;gl;lhh; jha; ehl;by; tho Kbahky; Ntw;W epyj;jpy; tho eph;ge;jpf;fg;gl;lJ. mtUf;F vjpuhf epfo;jj ; g;gl;l kpfg;nghpa td;Kiw vdf;F Kd;dhy; / NtnwJk; ,y;iy / xU ejp kl;Lk; jhd;/ ehd; mijf; flg;Ngd;/ vt;thW ePe;Jtnjd;gJk; vdf;Fj; njhpAk; vd;fpwhh; j];ypkh e];hpd;.

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Gjpa jiyikr; nrayhsh; Nkhfd; th;fP]; Rq;fj;:

jkpof murpd; gjpa jiyikr; nrayhsuhf Nkhfd; th;fP]; Rq;fj; epakpf;fg;gl;Ls;shh;. ,g;Nghija jiyikr; nrayhsh; \Pyh ghyfpU\;zd; tUk; 31-Mk; NjjpAld; Xa;T ngWtijj; njhlh;e;J> Gjpa jiyikr; nrayhsuhf Nkhfd; th;fP]; Rq;fj; nts;spf;fpoik khh;r; 27y; epakdk; nra;ag;gl;lhh;. Xa;Tf;Fg; gpwF> jkpof murpd; MNyhrfuhf \Pyh ghyfpU\;zDf;F nghWg;G toq;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. mth; tUk; jpq;fs;fpoikapy; ,Ue;J (khh;r; 31) Vw;Wf; nfhs;thh;. jkpof murpd; epakpf;fg;gl;Ls;s Nkhfd; th;fP]; tpopg;Gg; gzp Mizahsh; kw;Wk; eph;thfr; rPh;jpUj;j MizahsuhfTk; gjtp tfpg;ghh;. Nkhfd; th;fP]; Rq;fj;> Nfus khepyk; jpUr;#iur; Nrh;e;jth;. fle;j 1956-Mk; Mz;L khh;r; 10-Mk; Njjpad;W gpwe;jhh;. tpyq;fpay; ghlj;jpy; KJfiyg;gl;lk; ngw;wth;. 1978-Mk; Mz;L jkpofg; gphpT I.V.v];.mjpfhhpahf Njh;T ngw;whh;. 1980-Mk; Mz;L epyeph;thfj; Jiw Jiz Ml;rpauhfTk;> Rw;Wr;#oy; kw;Wk; tdj;Jiw rhh;Gr; nrayhsuhfTk; gzpiaj; njhlq;fpdhh;. jUkGhp khtl;l Ml;rpauhfTk;> njhopy; Jiw ,izr; nrayhsuhfTk;> Ntshz;ikj; Jiw ,af;FeuhfTk; nghWg;Gfis tfpj;jhh;. cah;fy;tp - vhprf;jp: fle;j 2001-Mk; Mz;L mjpKf Ml;rpf; fhyj;jpy; cah;fy;tpj; Jiw nrayhsuhf rpwg;ghf gzpahw;wpdhh;. mjd;gpd;> kuGrhuh vhprf;jpj; Jiwapd; jiyth; kw;Wk; eph;thf ,af;FeuhfTk;> jkpo;ehL fly;rhh; thhpaj;jpd; Jizj; jiytuhfTk; nghWg;Gfis tfpj;jhh;. jw;NghJ> Jizj; jiytuhfTk; nghWg;Gfis tfpj;jhh;. jw;NghJ> Rw;Wr;#oy; kw;Wk; tdj;Jiw nrayhsuhf nghWg;G tfpf;fpwhh;.

tuyhw;Wg; gjpthsh; Mde;juq;fh;:

ehl;Fwpg;gpd; thapyhf> jkpo; ,yf;fpa tuyhw;Wg; gf;fq;fspYk; murpay; tuyhw;Wg; gf;fq;fspYk; jdJ ngaiug; gjpT nra;J nfhz;lth; ehl;Fwpg;G Nte;jh; vdg; Gfog;ngWk; Mde;juq;fh; xUtuhf kl;Lk; jhd; ,Uf;f KbAk;.

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Sports & Games

n[h;kd; Xgd; ghl;kpz;ld;: mutpe;j; rhk;gpad;

n[h;kd; Xgd; ghl;kpz;ld; Nghl;bapd; njhlhpd; ,Wjpr;Rw;wpy; ,e;jpa tPuh; mutpe;j;gl; ntw;wp ngw;W rhk;gpad; gl;lk; ntd;whh;. n[h;kdpapd; Ky;`Pk; efhpy; jpq;fs;fpoik eilngw;w ,e;j Ml;lj;jpy; juthpirapy; 87tJ ,lj;jpy; cs;s mutpe;Jk;> nld;khh;f;fpd; Nld; `d;];fphp];bad; tpl;bq;]{k; Nkhjpdh;. ,jpy; 24-22> 19-21> 2111 vd;w nrl; fzf;fpy; ngq;f@Uitr; Nrh;e;j mutpe;j; ntw;wp ngw;whh;. ,e;j ntw;wpapd; %yk;> 7 Mz;LfSf;Fg; gpd; mutpe;j; gl;lk; ntd;Ws;shh;. filrpahd 2007-,y; eilngw;w nrf; FbauR rh;tNjr Xgdpy; mutpe; j; gl;lk; ntd;whh;.

5tJ Kiwahf Mrpa Nfhg;igia ntd;wJ ,yq;if

Mrpa Nfhg;ig fphpf;nfl; Nghl;bapy; ,yq;if mzp 5 tpf;nfl; tpj;jpahrj;jpy; elg;G rhk;gpad; ghfp];jhid Njhw;fbj;J rhk;gpad; MdJ. ,jd; %yk; Mrpa Nfhg;igia 5tJ Kiwahf ifg;gw;wpa 2tJ mzp vd;w ngUikiag; ngw;wJ ,yq;if. Mrpa Nfhg;igia 5 Kiw ifg;gw;wpa kw;nwhU mzp ,e;jpathFk;. Kjypy; Ngl; nra;j ghfp];jhd; 50 xth;fspy; 5 tpf;nfl; ,og;Gf;F 260 ud;fs; Ftpj;jJ. gpd;dh; Mba ,yq;if mzp 46.2 Xth;fspy; 5 tpf;nfl; ,og;Gf;F 261 ud;fs; vLj;J ntw;wp fz;lJ. tq;fNjrj;jpd; kph;G+hpy; rdpf;fpoik eilngw;wJ. Nfhg;igia ntd;w ,yq;if mzpf;F & 36.5 yl;rKk;> 2tJ ,lj;ijg; gpbj;j ghfp];jhDf;F &18.25 yl;rKk; nuhf;fg;ghprhff; fpilj;jd. Ml;l ehafd; : kypq;fh> Njhlh; ehafd; : jphpkd;Nd

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re;Njh\; buhgp kpNrhuk; rhk;gpad;

re;Njhk; buhgp fhy;ge;J Nghl;bapy; kpNrhuk; mzp Kjy;Kiwahf rhk;gpad; gl;lk; ntd;wJ. ,Wjp Ml;lj;jpy; 3-0 vd;w Nfhy; fzf;fpy; uapy;Nt mzpiaj; Njhw;fbj;j kpNrhuk; mzp> re;Njh\; buhgp rhk;gpad;fspd; gl;baypy; ,lk;gpbj;jJ. 68tJ re;Njh\; buhgp fhy;ge;J Nghl;bapd; ,Wjp Ml;lk; Nkw;F tq;f khepyk; rpypFhpapy; Qhapw;Wf;fpoik eilngw;wJ. 3 Kiw rhk;gpad; gl;lk; ntd;w uapy;NtAk; kpNrhuKk; Nkhjpd. Nfhg;igia ntd;w kpNrhuk; mzpf;F & 5 yl;rKk;> 2tJ ,lj;ijg; gpbj;j uapy;Nt mzpf;F & 3 yl;rKk; nuhf;fg;ghprhff; fpilj;jd.

jkpof `hf;fp mzp

jkpof mzpapd; Nfg;ldhf epakpf;fg;gl;Ls;s uh[h> kJiu khtl;lk; thbg;gl;bia Nrh;e;jth;. ,e;jpad; tq;fpapd; Nkyhsuhd uh[h ,e;jpa mzpf;fhf 25 Nghl;bfspy; tpisahb 30 Nfhy;fis mbj;Js;shh;. Vuhskhd Njrpa mstpyhd Nghl;bfspy; gq;Nfw;w mDgtk; nfhz;lth;. jkpofj;jpd; jiyrpwe;j tpisahl;L tPuUf;fhd tpUij 2012 -y; ntd;whh;. jkpofj;jpd; jiyrpwe;j Kd;dhs; tPuh;fspy; xUtuhd uh[h Nfg;ldhf epakpf;fg;gl;bUg;gJ jkpof mzpf;F gyk; Nrh;f;Fk; vd gapw;rpahsh; jpUkhtstd; njhptpj;jhh;.

ITPL rh;tNjr gphpkPah; nld;dp]; yPf;

Igpvy; fphpf;nfl; Nghl;biag; Nghy nld;dp]; Nghl;b eilngw cs;sJ. Mdhy; ,g;Nghl;b rh;tNjr mstpyhdit Ibgpvy;ypy; Kk;ig> Jig> ghq;fhf; kw;Wk; rpq;fg;G+h; mzpf;Fk; Njh;T nra;ag;gl;ld. 24 Ml;lq;fs; eilngWk; ,e;jg; Nghl;b rpq;fg;G+h;> Jig> ghq;fhf; kw;Wk; Kk;ig efuq;fspy; ,e;j Mz;L etk;gh; kw;Wk; brk;gh; khjq;fspy; eilngw cs;sd. Nghl;b    

eilngWk; ehs; rpq;fg;G+h;: etk;gh; 28-30 ghq;fhf; : brk;gh; 2-4 Kk;ig : brk;gh; 7-9 Jig : brk;gh; 11-13

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mzpfs; - tPuh;fs; tptuk; Kk;ig: uNgy; elhy;> gPl; rk;g;uh];> mdh ,thNdh tpr;> n[y khd;gpy;];> rhdpah kph;rh ‡Ngg;hp]; rhd;l;Nuh Jig: N[hNfhtpr;> fNuh ypdh Nth];dpahf;fp> N[huhd; ,tdpnrtpf;> [hd;Nfh bg;rNutpr;> epndl; ]pNkhd;[pr;> khh;l;bdh `pq;fp];> knyf; n[]hp ghq;fhf;: Md;b Kh;Nu> tpf;Nlhhpah> mrnud;fh> Nrhq;Nfh> fhh;ny]; Nkhah> Nldpay; ne];lh;> fpwp];bad; ‡gpypg;fpd;]; rpq;fg;G+h;: nrhPdh tpy;ypak;];> Md;l;U mfh]p> jhk];ngh;br;>n`tpl;> Ngl; hpf; Nu‡g;lh> Nldpyh `l;RNdhth> g;&Ndh Nrhnu];> epf;f;hpN[h]; xUehs; cs;@h; fphpf;nfl;:

tp[a; `rhNu Nghl;bapy; fh;ehlf mzp 4 tpf;nfl; tpj;jpahrj;jpy; uapy;Nt mzpia tPo;j;jp rhk;gpad; gl;lk; ntd;wJ. cs;@h; njhlh;fspy; Kf;fpakhd xUehs; Ml;lkhff; fUjg;gLk; ,g;Nghl;bapd; ,Wjp Ml;lk; nfhy;fj;jhtpy; Qhapw;Wf;fpoik ele;jJ. mgpkd;A kpJd; Ml;l ehafdhfj; Njh;T nra;ag;gl;lhh;. uQ;rp kw;Wk; ,uhdpf; Nfhg;igia mLj;J tp[a; `rhNu njhliuAk; ntd;W cs;@h; Nghl;bfspy; gyk; tha;e;j mzpahf cUntLj;J tUfpwJ tpda;Fkhh; jiyikapyhd fh;ehlfk; mzp.

nld;dp];:

mnkhpf;fhtpd; ,d;bad;nty;]; efhpy; eilngw;w gp.vd;.gp. ghpgh]; Xgd; nld;dp]; Nghl;bapy; 3-6> 6-3> 7-6 vd;w nrl; fzf;fpy; ];tpl;rh;yhe;jpd; Nuh[h; ‡ngluiuj; Njhw;fbj;J rhk;gpad; Mdhh;.

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rh;tNjr b20: n[ath;j;jdh ‘Fl;ig” rq;ffhuh:

b20 fphpf;nfl; Nghl;bapypUe;J tpil ngWfpwhh; ,yq;if tPuh; n[ath;j;jdh. n[ath;jj ; dhtpd; Xa;T Kbit Ltpl;lhpy; ntspapl;Ls;sJ rh;tNjr fphpf;nfl; fTd;rpy;. ,yq;if tPuh; rq;ffhuh b20 Nghl;bapy; ,Ue;J tpilngWtjhf Qhapw;Wf;fpoik mwptpj;j epiyapy;> n[ath;j;jdhtpd; Xa;T KbT jpq;fs;fpoik ntspahfpAs;sJ. Mrpa tpisahl;L:

17-tJ Mrpa tpisahl;Lg; Nghl;b tUk; nrg;lk;gh; 19-k; Njjp Kjy; mf;Nlhgh; 4-k; Njjp tiu njd; nfhhpahtpd; ,d;rpNahd; efhpy; eilngwTs;sJ. Nfd;b];Nll;]; nr]; njhlh;:

cyf nr]; rhk;gpad;\pg;gpy; ,sk; tPuUld; Njhy;tp> %j;j tPuh; vd;w Kiwapy; Xa;T ngw Ntz;Lk; vd;gJ cs;spl;l jd;Kd; itf;fg;gl;l midj;J tpkh;rdq;fisAk; Nfd;l;bNll;]; nr]; njhlhpy; jtpL nghbahf;fpdhh; ,e;jpahtpd; tp];tehjd; Mde;j.; ,e;j Mz;L eilngWk; cyf nr]; rhk;gpad; \pg; Nghl;bapy; elg;Gr; rhk;gpadhd Nkf;d]; fhh;y;n]Dld; NkhJtJ ahh; vd;gij eph;zapf;Fk; ,g;Nghl;b u\pahtpd; fhd;l;b khd; rp];f; efhpy; eilngw;wJ. ,t;ntw;wpapd; %yk;> tUk; etk;gh; 5-k; Njjp Kjy; 25-k; Njjp tiu eilngWk; cyf nr]; rhk;gpad;\pg; Nghl;bf;F Mde;j; jFjp ngw;whh;. ,g;Nghl;b eilngWk; ,lk; tpiutpy; mwptpf;fg;gl cs;sJ. ghpRj;njhif: ,g;Nghl;bapy; ntw;wp ngw;wjd; %yk; Mde;jJ ; f;F ghpRj; njhifahf &. 78 yl;rk; fpilf;fTs;sJ. Njhy;tpNa ,y;iy: ,j;njhlhpy; eilngw;w 13 Rw;Wfspy; Mde;j; 3 ntw;wpfisg; ngw;Ws;shh;. 10 Rw;Wfspy; Ml;lj;ij buhtpy; Kbj;jhh;. ve;j Ml;lj;jpYk; mth; Njhy;tpailtpy;iy.

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Awards & Honours M];fhh; tpUJfs; 2014:              

rpwe;j ,af;Feh; - my;‡Nghd;N]h Fthud; rpwe;j ebfh; - Nkj;A+ nkf;fdhNf rpwe;j ebif - Nfl; gpshd;nrl; rpwe;j Jiz ebfh; - Y}gpjh epNahq;Nfh rpwe;j gpd;dzp ,ir - ];Btd; g;iu]; glj;njhFg;ghsh; tpUJ - my;‡Nghd;N]h Fthud;> khh;f; Nrq;fh; rpwe;j tp\{ty; vngf;l;]; njhopy;El;gk; - jpNkhjp ntg;ngh;> fpwp]; yhud;];> Nltpl; \ph;f;> ePy; Nfhh;Nghy;L rpwe;j xspg;gjpthsh; - ,khDNty; y;A+g;];fp rpwe;j xypg;gjpT - f;nsd; ‡g;hPNkd;by; rpwe;j xypf;fyit - fpwp];Nlh‡gh; ngd;];ll;> ePt; mbhp> ];fpg; ypt;N]> fpwp]; kd;Nuh ‘n`h;” glj;Jf;fhf rpwe;j jpiuf;fij tpUJ ngWk; - ];igf; N[hd;]; ‘j fpNul; Nfl;];ig” glj;jpd; rpwe;j cil myq;fhuj;Jf;fhf tpUJ ngWk; - Nfjhpd; ’12 ,ah;]; v ];Nyt;” glj;Jf;fhf rpwe;j jOty; jpiuf;fij tpUJ ngWk; - [hd; hpl;yp ‘‡g;Nuh]d;” glj;jpy; ,lk; ngw;w ‘nyl; ,l; Nfh” ghlYf;fhf tpUJ ngWk; ghlyhrphpah;fs; fpwp];ld; Mz;lh;rd;> uhgh;l; Nyhg];  ‘ly;yh]; igah;]; fpsg;” glj;Jf;fhf rpwe;j xg;gid kw;Wk; rpif myq;fhuj;Jf;fhd tpUJ ngWk; ml;&a;jh yP.uhgpd; Nkj;A+];  rpwe;j mdpNk\d; glk; - g;‡Nuh]d;  rpwe;j ntspehl;Lg; glk; - j fpNul; gpA+l;b ,e;jpa Gj;jf MrphpaUf;F mnkhpf;f tpUJ ,e;jpa Gj;jf Mrphpah; gq;f[; kp];uhtpw;F ,yf;fpa tpUJ toq;fp mnkhpf;f Nay; gy;fiyf;fofk; nfsutpj;Js;sJ. 1 yl;rj;J 50 Mapuk; lhyh; (,e;jpa kjpg;gpy; Rkhh; &.1 Nfhb) ghpRj; njhif toq;fg;gLfpwJ. ehty; kw;Wk; fl;Liufis vOjp tUk; gq;f[; kp];uh> mtw;wpy; jw;fhy Mrpahtpd; ghpzhk tsh;r;rp Fwpj;J uj;jpdr; RUf;fkhd GJf; fUj;Jf;fis mspj;Js;shh;. cyfpy; rpwe;j ,iraikg;ghsh;: 9-tJ ,lj;jpy; ,isauh[h:

cyfpd; rpwe;j 25 ,iraikg;ghsh;fs; gl;baypy; 9-tJ ,lj;ij ,isauh[h gpbj;Js;shh;. cyfpd; rpwe;j gk;Ngh]h; gl;baiy ‘nl];l; M‡g; rpdpkh” vd;w ,izajsk; ntspapl;Ls;sJ. ,jpy; ,j;jhypad; fk;Ngh]h; nkhh;hpNfhd; Kjy; ,lj;ijAk;> M];jpNuypahtpy; gpwe;j mnkhpf;f ,iraikg;ghsh; Nkf;]; ];ildh; 2-tJ ,lj;ijAk;> mnkhpf;f fk;Ngh]h; [hd; tpy;ypak;]; 3-tJ ,lj;ijAk; gpbj;Js;sdh;. jkpo;> njYq;F> kiyahsk;> fd;dlk;> `pe;jp> Mq;fpy nkhopfspy; 4500-f;Fk; Nkw;gl;l ghly;fs; nfhLj;J> 950-f;Fk; Nkw;gl;l glq;fspy; ,irg; gzpahw;wpAs;s ,irQhdp ,isauh[h ,e;jg; gl;baypy; 9-tJ ,lj;ijg; gpbj;Js;shh;. rpwe;j ,irf;Nfhh;g;G> ,d;];l;Unkd;yp];l;> ,ir xUq;fpizg;G> ghlfh;> ghly; Mrphpah; Mfpa gphptpy; ,isauh[h rpwg;ghd gzpia toq;fpapUg;gjhf ‘nl];l; M‡g; rpdpkh” ,izajsk; ghuhl;bAs;sJ.

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,iwabahDf;F rhfpj;a mfhlkp tpUJ: fd;dlj;jpy; ntspahd ‘mtNj];thp” ehtiy jkpopy; rpwg;ghf nkhopngah;g;G nra;jjw;fhf vOj;jhsh; ,iwabahDf;F> 2013-k; Mz;bd; rpwe;j nkhopg; ngah;g;ghsUf;fhd ‘rhfpj;a mfhlkp” tpUJ mwptpf;fg;gl;bUf;fpwJ.

Socio Economic Problems kPj;Njd; thA jpl;lk;:

‘GJr;Nrhpapd; gh$h; njhlq;fp kd;dhh;Fb tiuapyhd 600 rJu fp.kP. gug;gpy; epyj;jbapy; cs;s kPj;Njd; thAitAk;> epyf;fhpiaAk; vLf;Fk; gzpia fpNul; <];lh;d; vndh;[p fhh;g;gNurd; vd;w epWtdj;Jf;F kj;jpa muR toq;fpAs;sJ. ,e;j epWtdk; 2 Mapuk; mb Mok; Jisapl;L epyj;jbapy; cs;s ePiu cwpQ;rptpl;L> Mgj;jhd urhadf; fyitfis nrYj;jp kPj;Njd; kw;Wk; epyf;fhpia gphpj;njLf;f ,Ug;gjhy;> cg;G ePUk; urhad fopTk; kz;zpy; gutptpLk;. ,jdhy;> fhtphpg; gLif tptrhaj;Jf;F yhaf;fw;wjhf khwptpLk;. kPj;Njd; vLf;Fk; jpl;lj;ij kj;jpa> khepy muRfs; jpUk;gg; ngw Ntz;Lk;. fhtphpg; gLifapy; FbePh; Foha;fs;> tptrhaj;Jf;fhd jz;zPh; Foha;fs; kw;Wk; epyj;jb Nkk;gLj;Jk; jpl;lj;Jf;fhd Foha;fs; jtpu NtW Foha;fisg; ghjpf;ff;$lhJ vd cz;zhtpuj; Nghuhl;llk; eilngWfpwJ. r`huh:

mbg;gilapNyNa Kjyhspj;Jt mikg;ghdJ> kpfr; rpwpa rpWghd;ikapduhd ngUk; gzf;fhuh;fSf;fhdJ vd;gjhy;> ngUk;ghyhd ehLfspy; Kjyhspj;Jtk; vd;gNj FNuhdp Nfg;gplyp]k;jhd; (murpay; mjpfhuj;jpy; ,Ug;gth;fSf;F neUf;fkhd Kjyhspfs; kl;LNk jioj;Njhq;f tif nra;Ak; Kjyhspj;JtNk FNuhdp Nfg;gplyp]; vdg;gLfpwJ). ,d;iwa ,e;jpah> FNuhdp Nfg;gplyp]j;Jf;fhd Mfr; rpwe;j cjhuzk;.

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,e;jpahtpd; kpfg; ngUk; jdpahh; epWtdq;fSs; xd;whd ‘r`huh FOk” j;jpd; xl;Lnkhj;j kjpg;G Rkhh; &68>000 Nfhb cw;gj;jp Nrit tpisahl;L rpdpkh vd Rg;uj uha; fhy; gjpf;fhj Jiw vd;W vJTk; ,y;iy vdyhk;. ,e;jpahtpNyNa kpf mjpkhd gzpahsh;fisf; nfhz;l jdpahh; epWtdk; ,JNt. ,e;jpahtpd; Kjy; 10 ngUk; gzf;fhuh;fSs; xUtuhd uhapd; nry;thf;F KNf\; mk;ghdpapd; nry;thf;Fr; rw;Wk; FiwahjJ. ,t;tsT nry;thf;F kpFe;j xUtUf;F vjpuhf gpg;uthp 26k; Njjp [hkPdpy; ntsptu Kbahj ifJ thuz;l;il cr;r ePjpkd;wk; gpwg;gpj;jJ vd;why; mjw;Fg; gpd;dhy; nrgpapy; (nrf;a+hpl;b]; md;lvf;];N]Q; Nghh;l; M‡g; ,e;jpah) ,af;Feuhfg; gzpahw;wpa Nf.vk;.Mg;u`hk; Nghd;w Neh;ikahd jpwikahd mjpfhhpfspd; ciog;G ,Uf;fpwJ. r`huh FOkk; 2008-09y; nghJkf;fspilNa fld; gj;jpuq;fis toq;fp KjyPl;ilj; jpul;baJ. ,e;jf; fld; gj;jpuq;fis KjyPl;lhsh;fs; tpUk;Gk; gl;rj;jpy; jq;fsJ gq;fhf (N\h;) khw;wpf; nfhs;syhk;. vd;w mbg;gilapy; Rkhh; 20>000 Nfhb &gha; KjyPL ,e;j ,uz;L epWtdq;fshy; jpul;lg;gl;ld r`huh FOkj;jpd;gb KjyPl;lhsh;fspd; nkhj;j vz;zpf;if Rkhh; 3 Nfhb mjhtJ 40-y; xU ,e;jpah; my;yJ vl;L rjtPj ,e;jpaf; FLk;gq;fs; ,jpy; KjyPL nra;Js;sdh; vd;wJ. KjyPl;lhsh;fs; tpUk;Gk; gl;rj;jpy; gq;Ffshf khw;wpf;nfhs;sglf;$ba fld; gj;jpuq;fs; %yk; KjyPL jpul;Lk; nray;ghL 10 ehl;fSf;Fs; ele;J Kba Ntz;Lk;. Mdhy; ,e;j KjyPL jpul;ly; njhlh;e;J gy khjq;fs; ele;jijaLj;J ,JFwpj;J Gug\d]; F&g; ghh; ,d;nt];lh; Gnuhnlf;\d; vd;w mikg;Gk; Nuh\d; yhf; vd;gtUk; mDg;gpa Gfhh;fspd; mbg;gilapy; nrgpGydha;tpy; <Lgl;lNghJ ,e;j epWtdq;fspd; gy KiwNfLfs; ntsprj;Jf;F te;jd. r`huhtpd; tpjp kPwy; ,j;jifa fld; gj;jpuq;fs; topahfj;jpul;lg;gLk; KjyPl;by; KjyPl;lhsh; fspd; vz;zpf;if 49-Ij; jhz;Lk; vdpy;> mjw;F nrgpapd; mDkjpiag;ngw Ntz;Lk; vd;fpwJ. rl;lk; ,e;j tpjp kPwg;gl;bUg;gjhy; KjyPL jpul;Ltij cldbahf epWtj;Jtld; jpul;lg;gl;l epjpia 15% tl;bAld; kPz;Lk; KjyPl;lhh;fs; trk; xg;gilf;f Ntz;Lk; vd 2010 etk;ghpy; nrgp cj;jutpl;lJ. ,jd;gb r`huh epWtdq;fs; ,uz;Lk; jpUg;gpj;ju Ntz;ba gzk; &24>000 Nfhb ,ij r`huh vjph;jj ; J. cr;rf;fl;lkhf cr;r ePjpkd;wj;Jf;F mJ nrd;wNghJ mq;Fk; jPh;g;G mjw;F vjpuhfNt te;jJ. &24>000 Nfhbia r`huh nrgpaplk; xg;gilf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;Wk; ,e;jg; gzj;ij nrgp KjyPl;lhsh;fsplk; xg;gilf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;Wk; nrhd;dJ cr;r ePjpkd;wk; ,jpy; Kjy; jtizahf &5>210 Nfhbia nrgplk; r`huh xg;gilj;jJ. mj;Jld; ,uz;L khjq;fs; fopj;J jhNd KjyPl;lhsh;fs; midtUf;Fk; Neubahfg; gzj;ijj; jpUg;gp mspj;Jtpl;ljhfTk; ,d;Wk; &2>620 Nfhb kl;LNk ghf;fpapUf;fpwJ vd;Wk; ehspjo;fspy; r`huh FOkk; Jzpr;ryhf tpsk;guKk; je;jJ. cr;r ePjpkd;wj; jPh;g;gpd;gb nkhj;jg; gzKk; nrgptrk; xg;gilf;fg;gl;L nrgpjhd; KjyPl;lh;fSf;F gzj;ij jpUg;gpj; ju Ntz;Lk;. Mdhy; Rkhh; %d;W Nfhb KjyPl;lhsh;fspy; 1% kl;LNk cz;ikahd Ml;fs; kPjKs;s 90 KjyPl;lhsh;fs; Nghyp vd;gJ nrgpapd; tprhuhizapy; njhpate;jJ. KjyPl;lhsh;fs; gw;wpa tptuq;fisj; jd;dplk; xg;gilf;Fk;gb r`huhtpy; Nfl;l NghJ Rkhh; 32>000 mYkpdpak; ngl;bfspy; 127 yhhpfspy; Mtzq;fis nrgp mYtyfj;Jf;F r`huh mDg;gpitj;jJ. ,e;jf; Nfypf;$j;ij Vw;f kWj;j nrgp ,iagpyh mbg;gilapy; (Nud;lk; rp];lk;) Rkhh; 20>000 KjyPl;lhsh;fSf;Fj; jfty; mDg;gpaJ. Mdhy; gjpy; te;jNjh 68 NghplkpUe;J kl;LNk mjhtJ miu rjtPjj ; pdh;$l cz;ikahd KjyPl;lhsh;fs; ,y;iy. Mdhy; r`huhNth jdJ KjyPl;lhsh;fspy; ngUk;ghyhdth;fs; Viofs;> tPlw;wth;fs; vdNt mth;fSf;F epue;jukhd Kfthp ,y;iy vd;w mgj;jkhd tpsf;fj;ij mspj;;jJ KjyPl;lhsh;fs; gl;baypy; xU rpy ngah;fs; gy Mapuk; jlitfs; kPz;Lk; kPz;Lk; tUtijg; ghh;;j;j cr;r ePjpkd;w ePjpgjp N[.v];. Nf`h; nkhj;jg; gl;baYNk ,l;Lf;fl;lg;gl;lijg; Nghy; Njhd;WfpwJ vd;W rhpahff; Fwpg;gpl;lth; (fyhtjp vd;w ngah; kl;Lk; Rkhh; 6>000 Kiw tUfpwhh; Mf nghJkf;fSf;Fk; ,e;j KjyPLfSf;Fk; ve;jr; rk;ge;jKk; ,y;iy vd;gJ ntl;l ntspr;rkhfptpl;lJ cr;r ePjpkd;wk; $wpagb nkhj;jg; gzj;ijAk; r`huh jd;trk; xg;gilf;ftpy;iy vdf; fle;j Mz;L nrgp nrhd;dij mLj;;J uhia ePjpkd;wj;jpy; M[huhfr; nrhd;dJ. cr;r ePjpkd;wk; uhNah nghUl;gLj;jg;gltpy;iy. tpisthf gpg;uthp 26 md;W ifJ thuz;l; gpwg;gpj;jJ. 28k; Njjp tiu fhj;jpUe;J nts;spf;fpoik khiy 6 kzpf;F yf;Ndh NghyP]; %yk; ifJnra;J fhty; epiyaj;jpy;$l itf;fhky; tdj;Jiw khspifapy; uhia itj;jpUf;fpwJ cgp. muR.

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&gha; Nehl;Lfis khw;w fhy;fnfL ePl;bg;G: 2005-k; Mz;Lf;F Kd; mr;rplg;gl;l 1>000> 500 cs;spl;l &gha; Nehl;Lfis khw;Wtjw;fhd fhy;nfL 2015 [dthp 1-k; Njjp tiu ePbf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,J Fwpj;J hprh;t; tq;fp ntspapl;l nra;jpf;Fwpg;gpy;> &gha; Nehl;Lfis khw;Wtjw;fhd fhyf;nfL 8 khjfhyk; ePl;bg;G nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ. nghJkf;fSf;F vt;tpj ,ilA+Wkpd;wp> &gha; Nehl;Lfis tq;fpfs; khw;wpj; juNtz;Lk;” vd;W njhptpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. Kd;djhf> fle;j [dthp 22-k; Njjp hprh;t; tq;fp me;j &gha; Nehl;Lfis tUk; Vg;uy; 1-k; Njjpf;Fs; tq;fpfspy; khw;wpf; nfhs;sNtz;Lk;” vd;W Fwpg;gpl;bUe;jJ.

Nuhy;]; uha;]; epWtdj;Jldhd xg;ge;jq;fs; epWj;jpitg;G ghJfhg;G mikr;rf fl;Lg;ghl;bd; fPo; ,aq;Fk; `pe;J];jhd; VNuhehl;bf;]; epWtdk; (n`r;. V.vy;) tpkhdg; gil tpkhdq;fSf;F Njitahd vd;[pd;fis thq;FtJ njhlh;ghf yz;lidr; Nrh;e;j Nuhy;]; uha;]; epWtdj;Jld; &.10>000 Nfhb kjpg;gpy; xg;ge;jk; nra;J nfhz;lJ. xg;ge;jj; ij ngw Nuhy;]; uha;]; epWtdk; ,e;jpa mjpfhhpfSf;F yQ;rk; nfhLj;Js;sjhf Gfhh; njhptpf;fg;gl;bUe;jJ. Nuhy;]; uha;]; epWtdk; rpq;fg;G+iur; Nrh;e;j M];Nkhh; epWtdj;ij th;jj ; f MNyhrfuhf epakpj;jjhfTk;> `pe;J];jhd; VNuhehl;bf;]; epWtdj;jplk; ,Ue;J xg;ge;jj;ij ngw me;j epWtdj;Jf;F Rkhh; 11 rjtPjk; tiu fkp\d; mspj;jjhfTk; xg;Gf; nfhz;bUe;jJ. mJ Fwpj;J rp.gp.I. tprhuizf;F ghJfhg;Gj; Jiw mikr;rh; V.Nf. me;Njhdp cj;jutpl;lhh;. ,e;epiyapy;> Coy; Fw;wr;rhl;Lf;F MshfpAs;s Nuhy;]; uha;]; epWtdj;Jld; ,Jtiu nra;J nfhz;l xg;ge;jq;fs; kw;Wk; vjph;fhyj;jpy; nra;J nfhs;sg;gl ,Ue;j xg;ge;jq;fs; midj;ijAk; ghJfhg;G mikr;rfk; jpq;fs;fpoik epWj;jp itj;J cj;jutpl;Ls;sJ. ‘ik#h; ik”

Njh;jy; thf;Fg;gjptpd; NghJ thf;fhsh;fspd; tpuy; Edpapy; itf;fg;gLk; mopahj fUg;G ikia fh;ehlf khepyk;> ik#hpy; cs;s ik#h; ngapd;l;]; mz;l; thh;dp\; ypkpnll; (vk;.gp.tp.vy;) epWtdk; jahhpf;fpwJ. 1962-Mk; Mz;L Kjy; eilngWk; kf;fsit> rl;lg;Nguitj; Njh;jy;fspy; ,e;j epWtdk; jahhpf;Fk; ik kl;LNk gad;gLj;jg;gLfpwJ. thf;fhsh;fspd; tpuypy; ,lg;gLk; ,e;j ik> 48 kzp Neuk; tiu mopahky; ,Uf;Fk;. ik#h; yhf; Ngf;lhp vd;w ngahpy; 1937-,y; ik#h; kd;dh; ehy;tb fpU\;zuh[ cilahuhy; ,e;j epWtdk; njhlq;fg;gl;lJ. yhf; gprpd; %yk; Njh;jy; Mizak;> mQ;ry; Jiw gad;gLj;Jk; rPy; nkOF jahhpf;fg;gl;lJ. 1962,y; Njh;jy; Mizak;> Njrpa tsh;r;rp> Nkk;ghl;Lf; fofj;Jld; (vd;.Mh;.b.rp) nra;J nfhz;l xg;ge;jj;jpd;gb mopf;f Kbahj ik jahhpg;gpy; <Lglj; njhlq;fpNdhk;. vd;.Mh;.b.rp.> Ne\dy; gprpfy; nyghul;lhp mspj;j mwptpay; nra;Kiwg;gb ,e;j epWtdj;jpy; mopahj ik jahhpf;fg;gLfpwJ. Ieh Nkk;ghl;Lj; jpl;lj;jpy; gjpT nra;ag;gl;Ls;s vq;fs; epWtdk;> gy;NtW ehLfSf;Fj; Njitg;gLk; Njh;jy; nghUs;fis toq;fp tUfpwJ. fdlh> gphpl;ld;> ghfp];jhd;> JUf;fp> Neghsk;> nld;khh;f; cs;spl;l 25-f;Fk; mjpfkhd ehLfSf;F tpuypy; gjptjw;fhd ikia Vw;Wkjp nra;fpd;wJ.

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ehlhSkd;wj;jpy; ngz;fs; : ,e;jpahTf;F 111tJ ,lk;

ehlhSkd;wj;jpy; mjpf ngz; cWg;gpdh;fis nfhz;l ehLfs; thpirapy; ,e;jpah 111tJ ,lj;jpy; cs;sJ. Rtpl;rh;yhe;J ehl;ilr; Nrh;e;j jp ,d;lh; - ghh;ypnkd;l; A+dpad; vd;w mikg;G rhh;gpy; cyf ehLfspd; ehlhSkd;wq;fspy; mjpf ngz; cWg;gpdh;fs; nfhz;l ehLfs; Fwpj;J Mz;LNjhWk; Ma;T elj;jg;gl;L mwpf;if ntspaplg;gLfpwJ. elg;ghz;L mwpf;if mz;ikapy; ntspaplg;gl;lJ. ,jpy; nkhj;j 189 ehLfs; thpirg;gLj;jg;gl;L cs;sd. ,e;j thpirapy; ,e;jpah 111tJ ,lj;jpy; cs;sJ. ,e;jpah kf;fsitapy; 62 ngz; cWg;gpdh;fs; cs;sdh;. mitapd; nkhj;j gykhd 545 cWg;gpdh;fSld; xg;gpLk; NghJ ,J ntWk; 11.4 rjtPjk; kl;LNk ,NjNghy; ,e;jpa khepyq;fsitapy; 28 ngz; cWg;gpdh;fs; cs;sdh;. me;j mitapd; nkhj;j cWg;gpdh; vz;zpf;ifahd 245 y; ,J ntWk; 11.4 rjtPjk; kl;LNk. thpirg;gl;baypy; Mg;gphpf;f fz;lj;jpy; cs;s Uthz;lh Kjyplj;jpy; cs;sJ. me;j ehl;bd; ehlhSkd;w cWg;gpdh;fspy; 60 rjtPjk; Ngh; ngz;fs;. mijj; njhlh;e;J md;Nlhuh> fpa+gh> RtPld;> njd;Mg;gphpf;f Mfpait mLj;jLj;j ,lq;fisg; gpbj;Js;sd. mnkhpf;fh 83tJ ,lj;jpYk; fdlh 54 tJ ,lj;jpYk; cs;sd. njw;F Mrpa ehlhSkd;wq;fspy; mjpf ngz; cWg;gpdh;fis nfhz;l ehlhf Neghsk; cUntLj;Js;sJ. me;j ehl;L ehlhSkd;wj;jpy; 30 rjtpjk; Ngh; ngz;fs;. ikf;NuhNdrpah> gyhY> fjjh;> thdl;L cs;spl;l ehLfspd; ehlhSkd;wq;fspy; ngz; cWg;gpdh;fNs ,y;iy. me;j ehLfs; gl;baypy; filrp ,lj;jpy; cs;sd.

Science & Technology kugZ khw;w gaph;fSf;F mDkjp:

kugZ khw;wk; nra;ag;gl;l gaph;fisg; gaphpl;L Nrhjid elj;j> kj;jpa muR mDkjp nfhLj;Js;sJ. kugZ khw;wk; nra;ag;gl;l ney;> NfhJik cs;spl;l 200 tifahd gaph;fis tay;fspy; gahpl;L Nrhjid elj;Jtjw;F kj;jpa mikr;rh; tPug;gnkha;yp jiyikapyhd kj;jpa Rw;Wr;#oy; mikr;rfk; mDkjp mspj;Js;sJ. gp.b. gUj;jpf;Fg; gpwF kugZ khw;wk; nra;ag;l;l fj;jphpf;fhia ,e;jpahtpy; re;ijg;gLj;j Kaw;rpfs; ele;jNghJ kj;jpa Rw;Wr;#oy; mikr;ruhf ,Ue;j n[a;uhk; uNk\; jil tpjpj;jhh;. mJkl;Lkpd;wp> kugZ khw;wk; nra;ag;gl;l gaph;fis ,e;jpa kz;zpy; gaphpl;L Nrhjpj;J ghh;g;gijAk; jil nra;jhh;. mtUf;Fg; gpwF kj;jpa Rw;Wr;#oy; Jiw mikr;ruhf ,Ue;j n[ae;jp eluh[Dk; ,Nj mZFKiwiaf; filg;gpbj;jhh;. kugZ khw;wk; nra;ag;gl;l gaph;fshy; ghjpf;fg;gLk; tptrhak;> Rfhjhuk; Mfpa 2 JiwfSk; khepyg; gl;baypy; ,Uf;fpwJ. ,J njhlh;ghf> khepy muRfsplk; fye;J Ngrhky; fd Ma;Tf;F tPug;g nkha;yp mDkjp mspj;jpUf;fpwhh;.

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‘,-ve;jpuh” jpl;lk;: etPd njhopy;El;gq;fis njhopw;fy;tp gapYk; khzth;fsplk; nfhz;L Nrh;f;Fk; tpjkhf ‘,-ve;jpuh” vd;Dk; jpl;lj;ij kj;jpa kdpjts Nkk;ghl;Lj;Jiw mwpKfk; nra;Js;sJ. ,jd;gb nghwpapay; fy;Y}hpfspy; Nuhghl;bf;]; Ma;tfk; mikg;gJ> njhopy;El;gf; fl;likg;ig Nkk;gLj;JtJ cs;spl;l gzpfis Nkw;nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. Super Critical Thermal Power Station:

jkpofj;jpNyNa Kjy; Kiwahf Fiwe;j msT epyf;fhpapy; mjpf kpd;rhuj;ij cw;gj;jp nra;Ak; #g;gh; fphpl;bf;fy; njhopy;El;gj;jpy; ,e;j mdy;kpd; epiyak; mikf;fg;gLfpwJ. kj;jpa Rw;Wr;#oy; mikr;rfj;jpd; mDkjpNahL gpw mDkjpfSk; ngwg;gl;l gpwF ,e;j jpl;lj;ij epiwNtw;Wjw;fhd rh;tNjr xg;ge;jg; Gs;spfs; Nfhuhg;gl;ld. ,e;j xg;ge;jg; Gs;spapy; `hpahzh khepyk; Fh;fhtdpy; mike;Js;s yhd;Nfh ,d;g;uhnlf; epWtdk; Njh;T nra;ag;gl;lJ. CERN, GENEVA:

2004 Mk; Mz;L [Pd; 18 Mk; Njjp n[dpthtpy; CERN Nrh;d; vd;w Muha;r;rp epWtdj;jpy; kpfg;nghpa mw;Gjk; epfo;e;jJ 2 kPl;lh; cauKs;s eluh[h; rpiy itf;fg;gl;lJ. ,jw;Ff; fhuzk; jpy;iyapy; MLfpd;w eluh[h;jhd; ,aw;gpaypy; mZit gpsf;Fk; NghJ mZf;$Wfs; Mlty;yhid Nghd;W mw;Gjkhf Ml;lk; NghLfpd;wd. mZit jplg;nghUshfj;jhd; epidj;J te;Njhk; jw;NghJ jplg;nghUs; my;y. mjDs; gy;NtW mZf;$Wfs; Ml;lk; NghLfpd;wd vd;gJ njhpate;Js;sJ. ,ij 1972y; ,aw;gpay; mwpQh; gphpl;]; Mg; Nfg;uh jhNt Mg; gprpf;]; vd;w jdJ E}ypy; Fwpg;gpl;Ls;shh;. me;j E}ypy; fPio ehLfspy; ,Uf;Fk; Md;kpfj;jpw;Fk; 21 Mk; E}w;whz;by; tsh;e;Js;s ,aw;gpaYf;Fk; vg;gbg;gl;l njhlh;G ,Uf;fpwJ vd;gijr; Rl;bf;fhl;bAs;shh;. ,jid Ghpe;J nfhz;l gpd;dh;jhd; me;epWtdj;jpd; Kd;G Mly;ty;yhd; rpiyia itj;Js;shh;fs;. rptDf;F chpa ke;jpuk; gQ;rhl;ru ke;jpuk;> rptDf;Fhpa njhopy;fs; Ie;J Mf;fy;> fhj;jy;> mopj;jy; kiwj;jy;> mUsy; ,e;j Ie;Jf;Fk; rptngUkhDf;Fk; gy njhlh;Gfs; cz;L.

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gpUj;tp - 2:

KotJk; cs;ehl;bNyNa jahhpf;fg;gl;l gpUj;tp-2 mZ Vtfizapd; uhZt Nrhjid nts;spf;fpoik (khh;r; 28) ntw;wpaile;jJ. ,e;j VTfiz Mapuk; fpNyh tiu vilnfhz;l Fz;LfSld; jiuapypUe;J 350 fpNyhkPl;lh; njhiytpy; cs;s ,yf;ifj; jhf;Fk; jpwd; nfhz;lJ. ,e;jr; Nrhjid njhlh;ghf xUq;fpize;j ghpNrhjid ikaj;jpd; ,af;Feh; vk;.tp.Nf.tp. gpurhj;. gpUj;tp-2 Vtfiz ,e;jpahtpd; ghJfhg;G Muha;r;rp kw;Wk; Nkk;ghl;L epWtdj;jpd; (b.Mh;.b.X.) %yk; cs;ehl;bNyNa jahhpf;fg;gl;l VTfiz MFk;. ,e;j VTfizapy; jput vhpnghUshy; ,aq;Fk; ,uz;L vd;[pd;fs; cs;sd. ,yf;if Nehf;fpr; nry;tjw;F mjpetPd fUtpfSk; ,e;j Vtfizapy; ,y;iy.

Organizations & Schemes kf;fsit Njh;jy;: jiyik Njh;jy; Mizah; tp.v];.rk;gj; Njh;jy; Mizah;fs; vr;.v];.gpuk;kh> v];. vd;.v];. i[b MfpNahh; Njh;jy; ml;ltizia ntspapLfpd;wdh;. ,jw;fhd gj;jphpifahsh; re;jpg;G Njh;jy; Miza jiyikafk; mike;Js;s eph;thr;rd; rjDf;F gjpyhf ,k;Kiw tpf;ahd; gtdpy; eilngWfpwJ. Njh;jy; thf;Fg;gjpT Vg;uy; ,uz;lhtJ thuj;jpy; njhlq;fp 6 my;yJ 7 fl;lq;fshf eilngWk; vd;W $wg;gLfpwJ. mt;thW ,Ue;jhy; Njh;jy; tuyhw;wpy; ,JNt ePz;lfhy thf;Fg;gjpthf ,Uf;Fk;. ,e;j Njh;jypy; ehL KOtJk; Rkhh; 81.4 Nfhb Ngh; thf;Fhpik ngw;Ws;sdh;. ,jpy; 9.71 Nfhb Ngh; Gjpa thf;fhsh;fs;. jw;Nghija kf;fsitapd; gjtpf;fhyk; tUk; [_d; 1-k; Njjp KbtilfpwJ. vdNt Nk 31-k; Njjpf;Fs; Gjpa kf;fsit mikf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk;. kf;fsit Njh;jYld; Me;jpug;gpuNjrk;> xbrh> rpf;fpk; Mfpa khepyq;fSf;fhd rl;lkd;w Njh;jYk; eilngWk; vd mwptpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. Kjy;fl;l thf;Fg;gjpT ef;ry; jPtputhjj;jhy; ghjpf;fg;gl;l khepyq;fs; kw;Wk; tlfpof;F khepyq;fspy; eilngWk;. rpy khjq;fSf;F Kd;G eilngw;w rl;lkd;w Njh;jy;fspy; Ntl;ghsiu epuhfhpf;Fk; chpikia toq;Fk; ‘Nehl;lh” trjp mwpKfk; nra;ag;gl;lJ. kf;fsit Njh;jypy; ,e;j trjp mwpKfk; nra;ag;gl;lJ. kf;fsit Njh;jypy; ,e;j trjp Kjy;Kiwahf mwpKfk; nra;ag;gLfpwJ. Ntl;ghsh;fspd; nryT cr;rtuk;G &.70 yl;rkhf cah;j;jg;gl;Ls;sJ. NkYk; thf;fspj;jij cWjpnra;Ak; tifapy; xg;Gif rPl;L toq;Fk; KiwAk; ,j;Njh;jypy; Nrhjid Kiwapy; mwpKfk; nra;ag;gl cs;sJ.

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,e;jpahtpd; Kjy; mQ;ryf tq;fp V.b.vk;. ikak;:

,e;jpahtpd; Kjy; mQ;ryf Nrkpg;G tq;fp V.b.vk; ikak; nrd;id jpahfuha efhpy; njhlq;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,e;j ikaj;jpid kj;jpa epjpaikr;rh; g. rpjk;guk; nghJkf;fs; gad;ghl;Lf;fhf tpahof;fpoik njhlq;fp itj;jhh;. ,jd; njhlh;r;rpahf ,e;j Mz;L ,Wjpf;Fs; ehL KOtJk; 100 V.b.vk;. ikaq;fisj; njhlq;fp jpl;lkpl;Ls;sjhf mQ;ry; Jiw tl;lhuq;fs; njhptpf;fpd;wd. ,e;j ikak; 6 khjq;fs; tiu Nrhjid Kiwapy; nray;gLk;. mjd; gpwF tq;fpfspy; fzf;F itj;Js;s thbf;ifahsh;fSk; ,e;j V.b.vk; ikaj;ij cgNahfpf;fyhk;. ehl; by; cs;s 60 mQ;ry; epiyaq;fs;> jw;NghJ mQ;ryf tq;fp Nritfshf khw;wk; nra;ag;gl;Ls;sd. nkhj;jk; 64 yl;rk; Nrkpg;Gf; fzf;Ffs; kw;Wk; &11 Mapuj;J 840 Nfhb gzk; ,Jtiu tq;fp Nritf;F khw;wg;gl;Ls;sJ. jkpofj;jpy; 17 jiyik mQ;ryfq;fs; 17 jiyik mQ;ryfq;fs; cs;gl 20 mQ;ry; epiyafq;fs; tq;fpfshf khw;wg;gl;Ls;sd. elg;G Mz;L ,Wjpf;Fs; 1000 V.b.vk; ikaq;fSk; epWtj;jpl;lkplg;gl;Ls;sJ. tq;fpfisf; fhl;bYk; mjpf ,lq;fspy; mQ;ryfq;fs; ,Ug;gjhy; ehl;bd; midj;J ,lq;fspYk; mQ;ryf tq;fp Nritiaj; njhlq;f KbAk;. 26 Mapuj;J 840 mQ;ry; epiyaq;fis mLj;J Mz;L [Pd; khjj;Jf;Fs; tq;fp Nrit ikaq;fshf khw;wj; jpl;lkplg;gl;Ls;sJ. Kjy;th; jiyikapy; khepy Nghplh; Nkyhz;ik Mizak;: Gay;> Rdhkp> nts;sk; kw;Wk; twl;rp cs;spl;l Nghplh;fis vjph;nfhs;sTk; epthuzk; toq;fTk; Kjy;th; jiyikapy; khepy Nghplh; Nkyhz;ik Mizak; mikf;fg;gLk; vd jkpof muR mwptpj;Js;sJ. Nghplh; Nkyhz;ik njhlh;ghd Gjpa nfhs;if jkpof murpd; ,izajsj;jpy; (www.tn.gov.in) tpahof;fpoik ntspaplg;gl;Ls;sJ. Nghplh; jLg;G Nkyhz;ik kPl;G eltbf;iffs; Ma;T nra;tjw;fhf Nkyhz;ik Mizaj;NjhL khepy mstpyhd eltbf;if FO xd;Wk; mikf;fg;gLk;. Nghplh; nfhs;iffspy; chpa ghpe;Jiufis rkh;g;gpj;jy; NghplUf;Fg; gpwF epthuzk; toq;Ftjw;fhd topKiwfs; khepyg; Nghplh; Nkyhz;ik jpl;lj;Jf;F mDkjp toq;Fjy; gy;NtW Jiwfis xUq;fpizj;J nray;gLjy; Nghplh; Nkyhz;ik kw;Wk; kWtho;Tg; gzpfis njhlh;e;J fz;fhzpj;jy; Nghd;w gzpfis Nkyhz;ik Mizak; Nkw;nfhs;Sk;. ,e;j Mizj;NjhL khepy epthuz Mizah; jiyikapy; tUtha; eph;thfj;jpd; Nghplh; Nkyhz;ik kw;Wk; kPl;Gj; Jiw khtl;l Ml;rpah; jikikapyhd khtl;l eph;thfk; tUtha; Nfhl;lhl;rpah; kw;Wk; jhrpy;jhh; cs;spl;Nlhh; mlq;fpa Nfhl;l mstpyhd FOf;fs; cs;slh;lrp mikg;Gfs; jd;dhh;t mikg;Gfs; muR epWtdq;fs; kw;Wk; jdpahh; epWtdq;fs; rKjha Mfpait Nghplh; epthuzk; kw;Wk; kPl;Gg; gzpapy; <LgLj;jg;gLk;. Nghplh; fhyq;fspy; khepy tUtha;j; Jiwr; nrayhsh; uhZtk; kw;Wk; Jiz uhZtg; gilfs; uapy;Nt kw;Wk; njhiyj;njhlh;G JiwfSld; njhlh;G nfhs;Sthh;. epthuzg; gzpfSf;fhf khepy epthuz MizaUf;Fj; Njitg;gLk; epjpiaAk; tUtha;j;Jiw toq;Fk;.

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mtru fhy eltof;iff; FO Nghplh; fhyq;fspy; khepy epthuz Mizah; jiyikapy; mtru fhy eltbf;iff; FO mikf;fg;gLk; ,e;jf; FO khepy mstpyhd Nghplh; Nkyhz;ik eltbf;iffSf;fhd Kfikahf ,Uf;Fk;. khtl;l Ml;rpah;fs; kw;Wk; JiwfNshL fye;J MNyhrpj;j gpwF khepy mstpyhd jpl;lq;fis epthuz Mizah; tFf;f Ntz;Lk; twl;rpahy; ghjpf;fg;gl;l gFjpahf mwptpg;gJ Nghd;wtw;Wf;F ,th; jhd; ghpe;Jiuia mDg;g Ntz;Lk;. ,NJ Nghy; Nghplh;fshy; ghjpf;fg;gl;lth;fSf;F epthuzk; toq;Fk; ghpe;JiuiaAk; ,th;jhd; toq;f Ntz;Lk; khtl;lf; FOf;fs; khtl;l Ml;rpah; jiyikapy; khtl;l mstpyhd mtrufhy eltbf;iff; FOf;fs; nray;gLk;. Nghplh; fhyj;jpd;NghJ NghyP]; Ch;f;fhty; gilapdh; tdj;Jiwapdh; cs;spl;l midj;J muRg; gzpahsh;fSk; Ml;rpahpd; jiyikapd; fPo; gzpahw;w Ntz;Lk;. uhZtk; Jiz uhZtg; gilapdNuhLk; uapy;Nt njhiyj;njhlh;G JiwapdNuhLk; Ml;rpah; ,ize;J gzpahw;w Ntz;Lk;. ed;nfhilf;F mDkjp ngw Ntz;Lk; Nghplh; fhyq;fspy; rh;tNjr Njrpa msptyhd mikg;Gfs; mwf;fl;lisfsplkpUe;J cjtpfisg; ngWtjw;F Kd;djhf khtl;l Ml;rpah;fs; khepy murpd; mDkjpiag; ngw Ntz;Lk;. epjpAjtp njhlh;ghf jdpfzf;if mth;fs; guhkhpf;f Ntz;Lk;. uhZtk; kw;Wk; Jiz uhZtk; gpujpepjpfs; cs;spl;l kj;jpa muR mikg;GfSk; Nghplh; kPl;G kw;Wk Nkyhz;ik mikg;Gfspy; ,lk;ngWthh;fs; vd mjpy; njhptpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.

,uapy;Ntapy; Gjpa jpl;lk; njhlf;fk;:

jw;NghJ> fhj;jpUg;Nghh; gl;baypy; ,lk; ngw;Ws;s bf;nfl;Lfspd; epytuk; Fwpj;J jfty; ngwNtz;Lkhdhy; 139 vd;w vz;zpy; njhlh;G nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. ,y;yhtpby;> uapy;Nt ,izajsk; topahf bf;nfl; epytuk; Fwpj;j jftiyg; ghh;f;fyhk;. ,e;epiyapy; v];.vk;.v];. thapyhf jfty; mspf;Fk; Gjpa jpl;lk; jpq;fs;fpoik njhlq;fg;gl;ljhf uapy;Nt ,izaikr;rh; mjPh; uQ;rd; nrsj;hp njhptpj;jhh;. ehs;NjhWk; Rkhh; 4 yl;rk; gazpfs; fhj;jpUg;Nghh; gl;baypy; ,lk; ngw;Ws;s jq;fs; bf;nfl;Lfspd; epytuk; Fwpj;J nry;Nghdpy; v];.vk;.v];. jfty; ngWthh;fs;. ,jw;fhd nkd;nghUs; uapy;Nt Jiwapd; njhopy; El;gg; gphptpduhy; cUthf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. Kd;gjpT nra;Ak;NghJ mspf;fg;gLk; nry;Nghd; vz;zpw;F fhj;jpUg;Nghh; gl;baypy; ,lk; ngw;Ws;s bf;nfl;Lf;F Mh;.V.rp (uj;J nra;ag;gLk; bf;nfl;bdhy; Vw;gLk; ,Uf;if trjp) fpilj;jhNyh ,Wjpahf ,Uf;if my;yJ gLf;if trjp cWjpr; nra;ag;gl;lhNyh mJ Fwpj;j jfty;fs; v];.vk;.v];. thapyhf mDg;gg;gLk;. ,uapy;Nt Gwg;gLtjw;F %d;W kzp Neuj;Jf;F Kd;G uapy; ngl;b tptuk; kw;Wk; gLf;if my;yJ ,Uf;i f vz; Fwpj;j rhpahd jfty; gazpfSf;F mDg;gg;gLk;. ,jd;%yk; filrp Neuj;jpy; Vw;gLk; tprhuiz neUf;fbfis jtph;f;f KbAk;. ,Uf;if trjp> gLf;if trjp cWjp nra;ag;glhj fhj;jpUg;G gl;baypy; ,lk; ngw;Ws;s bf;nfl;LfSf;F ,j;jfty; mDg;gg;glhJ.

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EVADE: I.b. epWtdq;fs; jq;fs; ngz; Copah;fSf;F jw;fhg;G gapw;rp mspf;fTk; jpl;lkpl;Ls;sd. “EVADE” (Extreme Violence Aggression Defense Escape) vd;W ngah; itj;Js;sJ. nfh^u td;Kiwr; rk;gtq;fspy; ,Ue;J ngz;fis jq;fis fhj;Jf; nfhz;L jg;gpg;gJ vd;w jiyg;gpy; eilngWk; ,e;jg; gapw;rpay;> kd hPjpahd gapw;rp cly; hPjpahd gapw;rp> njhopy;El;g hPjpahd gapw;rp> rl;l hPjpahd gapw;rp Mfpait mspf;fg;gLfpd;wd. mNjhL ghypay; njhy;iy jUk; egh;fis vg;gb jhf;FtJ vd;W ebj;Jk; fhl;lg;gLfpwJ. ,jw;fhf jahhpf;fg;gl;Ls;s gpuj;Nafkhd tPbNah fhl;rpAk; jpiuaplg;gLfpwJ. ,NjNghy kpd;rhuj;ij gha;r;Rk; Jg;ghf;fp(Stun Guns)> ];gpNu cs;spl;l MAjq;fs; gad;gLj;JtJ Fwpj;Jk; gapw;rp mspf;fg;gLfpwJ.

kpsF

cq;fs; gzk; cq;fs; ifapy; jpl;lk; epWj;jk;: fle;j Mz;L nrg;lk;gh; 1-k; Njjp Kjy; cq;fs; gzk; cq;fs; ifapy; jpl;lj;ij kj;jpa muR GJr;Nrhp cl;gl 20 khtl;lq;fspy; nray;gLj;jpaJ. ,j;jpl;lj;jpd; %yk; vhpthA rpypz;lh; khdpak; tq;fp %yk; gadhspfSf;Fj; jug;gl;lJ. rpypz;lUf;fhd khdpaj;njhif nghJkf;fs; tq;fpf; fzf;fpy; tuT itf;fg;gLtjpy; gpur;rpid Vw;gl;lJ. ,e;epiyapy; kj;jpa muR ,j;jpl;lj;ij epWj;jpaJ. khh;r; Kjy; thuj;jpy; ,Ue;J gioa Kiwg;gb urPJ Kiwia khw;wp rpypz;lh; tpiy &.397 vd mr;rpl;L gpy; jUfpd;wdh;.

Environment & Ecology

Fiwe;j #hpa ntspr;rk;:

,q;fpyhe;jpd; ];fhl;yhe;J gFjpapy; cs;s kpf caukhd ngd; netp]; kiyg; gFjpjhd; kpff; Fiwthf #hpa ntspr;rk; ngWk; gFjpahFk;. Mz;Lf;F 4>769 kzp Neuk; #hpa ntspr;rj;ijg; ngWk; tha;g;G ,Ue;jhYk; ,q;F 763 kzp Neuk; kl;LNk #hpa ntspr;rk; fpilf;fpwJ.

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#hpaid tpl 1>300 klq;F nghpa el;rj;jpuk; fz;Lgpbg;G:

G+kpapy; ,Ue;J Rkhh; 12>000 xsp Mz;Lfs; J}uj;jpy; (1xsp Mz;L = 9.4 yl;rk; Nfhb fp.kP.) cs;sJ. rpyp ehl;bd; mlfhkhtpy; njhiyNehf;fp %yk; Ma;tpy; <Lgl;bUe;j NghJ #hpaid tpl 1>300 klq;F nghpa el;rj;jpuk; fz;Lgpbf;fg;gl;lJ. #hpad; ,lk; ngw;Ws;s ‘nrd;lhu];” el;rj;jpuf; $l;lj;jpNyNa ,Jjhd; kpfg;nghpa el;rj;jpuk; MFk;. ,e;j el;rj;jpuj;Jf;F vr;.Mh;.5171V vdg;ngahplg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,J tiu fz; Lgpbf;fg;gl;Ls;s kpfg;nghpa el;rj;jpuq;fspy; ,JTk; xd;whFk;. #hpaid tpl ,J 10 yl;rk; klq;F gpufhrkhdJ. ,e;j el;rj;jpuj;Jld; mjd; Jiz el;rj;jpuk; xd;Wk; fz;L gpbf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,J ,e;j el;rj;jpuj;ij 1>300 ehs;fSf;F xU Kiw Rw;wp tUfpwJ. NkYk; Gjpa el;rj;jpuj;jpd; mUNf Mr;rhpag;gLk; tifapy; kpf neUf;fkhf kw;nwhU el;rj;jpuk; xd;Wk; Rw;wp tUfpwJ. kpd; rpf;fdk;: Njit ,f;fzk;‚:

‘G+kp Neuk;” ,uT 8.30 kzp Kjy; 9.30 kzp tiu kpd;rhu Nrkpg;ig typAWj;jp cynfq;Fk; rdpf;fpoik kpd;tpsf;Ffs; mizf;fg;gl;ld.

INDIA & ITS NEIGHBOURS gpk;];nlf; khehL:

kpahd;kh; jiyefh; ieg;gpapjhtpy; eilngWk; gpk;];nlf; khehl;by; ,e;jpa gpujkh; kd;Nkhfd;rpq; gq;Nfw;whh;. tq;ff;fly; gFjpapy; mike;Js;s ,e;jpah> ,yq;if> tq;fNjrk;> Neghsk;> G+lhd;> kpahd;kh;> jha;yhe;J Mfpa 7 ehLfSk;> gy;Jiw njhopy;El;gk; kw;Wk; nghUshjhu xj;Jiog;Gfhd tq;ff; fly; Kd;Kaw;rp (gpk;];nlf;) vd;w ngahpy; $l;likg;ig Vw;gLj;jpAs;sd. ,e;j $l;likg;gpd; 3-tJ cr;rpkhehL kpahd;kh; jiyefh; Ne gpap lhtpy; nrt;tha;f;fpoik njhlq;fpaJ.

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mnkhpf;fhtpy; Mq;fpy ];ngy;ypq; Nghl;bapy; mrj;jpa ,e;jpa khztd;

mnkhpf;fhtpd; kpnrshp khepyj;jpy; ele;j> Mq;fpy thh;j;ijfis vOj;Jf;$l;b cr;rhpf;Fk; (];ngy;yp q;) Nghl;bapy; ,e;jpa tk;rhtsp khzth; F\;\h;kh (13) ntw;wp ngw;whh;. ,jd; %yk; th\pq;ldpy; Nk khjk; eilngWk; ];fph;g;]; Njrpa ];ngy;ypq; Nghl;bf;F mth; jFjp ngw;Ws;shh;.

,yq;iff;F vjpuhd jPh;khdk; Gwf;fzpg;G: ,yq;iff;F vjpuhf I.eh. kdpj chpikfs; mikg;gpy; mnkhpf;fh nfhz;L te;j jPh;khdj;ij Mjhpj;J thf;fspf;fhky; ,e;jpah Gwf;fzpj;jJ. ,yq;if kf;fspd; kdpj chpikfistpl jdJ ehl;L eyNd Kf;fpak; vd;W ,e;jpah nray;gl;bUf;fpwJ.

Latest Events

20 Mz;Lfs; nry;yj;jf;f gh];Nghh;l; itj;jpUg;Nghh; Gjpa gh];Nghh;l; ngw mwpTWj;jy;:

20 Mz;LfSf;F kjpg;Gila gh];Nghl;il itj;jpUg;Nghh; mtw;Wf;Fg; gjpyhf Gjpa gh];Nghh;l;il ngw Ntz;Lk; vd gh];Nghh;l; eph;thfk; mwpTWj;jp cs;sJ. gh];Nghh;l; mYtyf eph;tfq;fshy; iffspy; vOjp toq;fg;gl;L (non machine readable passports) Gof;fj;jpy; cs;s gh];Nghl;Lfis 2015 etk;gh; 24k; Njjp tiu kl;Lk; mDkjpf;f rh;tNjr tpkhdg; Nghf;Ftuj;J mikg;G (I.rp.V.x) KbntLj;Js;sJ. ,jd;gb gy;NtW ehLfspd; tprhf;fis ngWtjpy; rpf;fy; Vw;glhky; ,Uf;f 2015 etk;gh; 24 Mk; Njjpf;Fg; gpd;Gk; nry;yj;jf;f 20 Mz;Lfs; kjpg;Gila gh];Nghl;il itj;jpUf;Fk; ,e;jpah;fs; mtw;Wf;F gjpyhf Gjpa gh];Nghh;l;Lfis Fwpj;j fhy mtfhrj;Jf;Fs; ngwNtz;Lk; vd gh];Nghh;l; eph;thfk; mwpTWj;jpAs;sJ. ,J Fwpj;j $Ljy; tptuq;fis ,izajsj;jpYk; 1800 258 1800 vd;w fl;lzkpy;yh njhiyNgrp vz;zpYk; ngwyhk;.

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Nyhf;ghy; ghpe;Jiuf; FOtpy; gq;Nfw;f Kd;dhs; ePjpgjp Nf.b.jhk]; kWg;G

Nyhf;ghy; mikg;gpy; cs;s gy;NtW gjtpfSf;fhd mjpfhhpfisg; ghpe;Jiu nra;Ak; FOTf;F jiytuhfg; gjtp tfpf;f cr;r ePjpkd;w Kd;dhs; ePjpgjp Nf.b.jhk]; kWj;Js;shh;. ghpe;Jiuf; FOtpy; gq;Nfw;fhjjw;fhd fhuzk; Fwpj;j Nfs;tpf;F> ‘tpjpKiwfspd;gb Nyhf;ghy; mikg;gpy; cs; s gy;NtW gjtpfSf;fhd ngah;fisj; Njh;T nra;tJ ghpe;Jiuf; FOtpd; gzp. Mdhy;> ghpe;Jiuf;fg;gl;l ngah;fis Vw;Wf; nfhs;syhkh my;yJ Ntz;lhkh? vd;gij Nyhf;ghy; Njh;Tf; FONt KbT nra;Ak;. ,e;jf; fhuzj;jhy; ghpe;Jiuf; FO Njitaw;wJ vd;W fUJfpNwd;” vd;W jhk]; gjpy; mspj;jhh;. Kd;djhf> ghpe;Jiuf; FOtpd; jiyth; gjtpia Vw;f %j;j tof;FiuQh; ‡ghyp ehhpkd; kWg;G njhptpj;jhh;. jw;NghJ ePjpgjp jhk]{k; mf;FOtpy; gq;Nfw;f kWj;Js;sJ kj;jpa muRf;F ngUk; gpd;dlit Vw;gLj;jpAs;sjhff; fUjg;gLfpwJ. ghpe;Jiuf; FO : 8 egh;fs; nfhz;l ghpe;Jiuf; FO> Nyhf;ghy; mikg;gpy; cs;s gjtpfSf;fhd mjpfhhpfis ghpe;Jiu nra;Ak;. me;jg; ngah;fis gpujkh; kd;Nkhfd; rpq; jiyikapyhd Njh;Tf; FO ,Wjp nra;Ak;. Njh;Tf; FOtpd; cWg;gpdh;fshf kf;fsitj; jiyth;> kf;fsit vjph;f;fl;rpj; jiyth;> cr;r ePjpgjp> FbauRj; jiytuhy; ghpe;Jiu nra;ag;gLk; %j;j tof;FiuQh; MfpNahh; ,lk; ngWth;.

[_d; 2-,y; njyq;fhdh cjak;: ehl;bd; 29-tJ Gjpa khepykhf njyq;fhdh [_d; 2Mk; Njjp cjakhFk; vd;W kj;jpa cs;Jiw mikr;rfk; njhptpj;Js;sJ. md;iwa jpdk; Kjy; njyq;fhdh jdp khepykhfNt nray;glj; njhlq;Fk;. ,e;jpuhitf; nfhd;wthpd; kfd; khahtjp fl;rpapy; ,ize;jhh; Kd;dhs; gpujkh; ,e;jpuhfhe;jpiaf; nfhd;wth;fspy; xUtuhd Ngae;j; rpq;fpd; kfd; rug;[pj; rpq; fy;rh> khahtjpapd; gF[d; rkh[; fl;rpapy; (gpv];.gp) Qhapw;Wf;fpoik ,ize;jhh;. ,th;> 2007-k; Mz;by; rpNuhkdp mfhyp jsk; fl;rp rhh;gpy; kf;fsitj; Njh;jypy; Nghl;bapl;L Njhy;tpaile;jJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

fphpkpah Rje;jpug; gpufldk;: cf;iudpy; ,Ue;J Rje;jpuk; ngWtjhf mjd; jd;dhl;rpg; gFjpahd fphpkpah jpq;fs;fpoik mwptpj;jJ. cf;iudpy; ,Ue;J gphpe;J u\pahTld; ,iztJ njhlh;ghd nghJthf;nfLg;G fphpkpahtpy; Qhapw;Wf;fpoik eilngw;wJ. ,e;j thf;nfLg;gpy; 97 rjtPj thf;fhsh;fs; u\pahTld; ,iza tpUg;gk; njhptpj;Js;sjhf nghJ thf;nfLg;Gf;fhd Njh;jy; Mizak; jpq;fs;fpoik mwptpj;jJ. Njh;jy; Mizaj;jpd; mwptpg;ig njhlh;e;J fphpkpah ehlhSkd;wk; jpq;fs;fpoik $baJ. ,jpy; fphpkpahit Rje;jpu ehlhf mwptpj;J jPh;khdk; epiwNtw;wg;gl;lJ. ‘fphpkpahit ,iwahz;ik ngw;w Rje;jpu ehlhf fphpkpa jd;dhl;rp Fbaurpd; cah;epiy fTd;rpy; mwptpf;fpwJ. ,d;W Kjy; cf;iud; rl;lq;fis fphpkpah eilKiwg;gLj;jhJ.

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fphpkpah vy;iyf;Fs; ,Uf;Fk; midj;J cf;iud; nrhj;Jf;fSk; ehl;Lilik Mf;fg;gLk;. mit ,dp fphpkpahFbaurpd; nrhj;Jf;fs; MFk;. I.eh. kw;Wk; cyfpd; midj;J ehLfSk; fphpkpahit Rje;jpu ehlhf mwptpf;f Ntz;Lk;. u\pa $l;likg;gpd; xU cWg;gpduhf fphpkpah Fbauir Vw;Wf; nfhs;SkhW u\pa $l;likg;gplk; fphpkpah tpz;zg;gpj;Jf; nfhs;fpwJ. ‘khh;;r; 30-k; Njjp Kjy; fphpkpahtpd; cs;@h; Neuk;> kh];Nfh Neuj;Jf;F ,izahf khw;wg;gLk;. ,jd;gb 2 kzpNeuk; Kd;$l;bNa fzf;fplg;gLk;” vd;W fphpkpahtpd; gpujkh; nrh;[p mf;rpNahNeht; mwptpj;Js;shh;.

jpKftpypUe;J K.f.mofphp ePf;fk;:

jpKf njd;kz;ly Kd;dhs; mikg;Gr; nrayhsh; K.f.mofphp> fl;rpapy; ,Ue;J epue;jukhf ePf;fg;gl;Ls;shh;. fl;rpf;F fsq;fk; tpistpf;Fk; tifapy; njhlh;e;J nray;gLtjhy;> mth; kPJ ,e;j eltbf;if vLf;fg;gl;ljhf jpKf jiyth; fUzhepjp njhptpj;Js;shh;. [p-8 ehLfs; mikg;gpypUe;J u\;ah ,ilePf;fk;:

cyfpd; kpfg;nghpa ngHushjhu ty;ytuR ehLfs; mq;fk; tfpf;Fk; [p-8 mikg;gpypUe;J u\;ah jw;fhypfkhf ePf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. cf;iud; ehl;bd; fpiukpah gFjpia u\;ah jd;Dld; ,izj;Jf; nfhz;ljw;F gjpybahf ,e;eltbf;ifia mnkhpf;fh cs;spl;l ehLfs; Nkw;nfhz;Ls;sd. [-8 mikg;gpy; cWg;gpdh;fshf cs;s mnkhpf;fh> ,q;fpyhe;J> fdlh> n[h;kdp> gpuhd;];> ,j;jhyp> [g;ghd; Mfpa ehLfspd; gpujpepjpfs; gq;Nfw;w $l;lk;> nejh;yhe;jpd; jp N`f; efhpy; jpq;fs;fpoik eilngw;wJ. ,f;$l;lj;jpy;> cf;iudpd; fpiukpah gFjpia u\;ah ,izj;Jf; nfhz;ljw;F vjph;g;G njhptpf;fg;gl;lJ. u\;ahit [p-8 mikg;gpypUe;J jw;fhypfkhf ePf;fpitf;f KbT nra;ag;gl;lJ. ,f;$l;lj;jpy; u\;ahtpd; Nrhr;rp efhpy; tUk; [_d; khjk; eilngwtpUe;j [p-8 ehLfspd; khehl;il uj;J nra;a KbT vLf;fg;gl;lJ. jpl;lkpl;lgb mNj [_d; khjj;jpy; u\;ah jtph;j;j kw;w 7 ehLfs; gq;Nfw;Fk; khehl;il gpu];]y;]; efhpy; elj;JtJ vd;W jPh;khdpf;fg;gl;lJ.

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nkl;Nuh uapy; jiyik mYtyfk;:

nrd;id nkl;Nuh uapYf;fhd jiyik mYtyfj;ij 25 mLf;Ffs; nfhz;l fl;llkhf cUthf;fj; jpl;lkpl;L tUfpwJ. Rkhh; 10 Vf;fh; gug;gstpy; ,e;jf; fl;llj;Jf;fhd epyk; ee;jdk; gFjpapy; ifafg;gLj;jg; gl;Ls;sJ vd njhptpf;fg;gl;lJ. 20 Kjy; 25 mLf;F caukhd fl;llj;ij fl;l nrd;id ngUefu tsh;r;rp FOkj;jplKk; ,e;jpa tpkhd epiya Mizaj;jplKk; mDkjp ngwNtz;Lk;.

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Current Affairs March 2014 Tamil