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Nueva Ola Nueva Ola Research Campus Design

Isla de Vieques, Puerto Rico by Veronica Pimentel


Table Table of of Contents Contents Acknowledgements................................................................................................................................................................................................i About Me...................................................................................................................................................................................................................ii

Chapter 1

Site Context..............................................................................................................................................................................................................2 .

Chapter 2

Inventory/Analysis.................................................................................................................................................................................................6

Chapter 3

Master Plan.............................................................................................................................................................................................................10 Conclusion..............................................................................................................................................................................................................28 Image Bibliography.............................................................................................................................................................................................30 Articles Bibliography...........................................................................................................................................................................................32


Acknowledgements Acknowledgements First, I would like to thank and dedicate this book to my parents Ruben Pimentel & Angelita de Pimentel and siblings for their love, support and for allowing me to realize my own potential and teaching me the value of hard work and education. All the support they have provided me over the years was the greates gift anyone has ever given me. Also, I need to thank Dr. Calvert Harrison & Mrs. Charlene Harrison for mentoring me as I persued my degree. Without them, I may never have gotten to where I am today. Next, I would like to thank my professors who took the time to share their knowlege and appreciation of Landscape Architecture. In particular, professor Jose R. Buitrago and Shelly Cannady who believed in me and my work and pushed me to achive my potential in every project. Finally, I would like to thank Pedro Michaca for his love and encouragement and to my friends particularly Karina Valles, Fabiola Hernandes and Yessica Martinez, Stephanie Ratanoong, Ji Soo Park who always took the time to listen, even when I was just complaining.

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About ME My name is Veronica Pimentel I am curently persuing a Bachelors Degree in Landscape Achitecture in the College of Enviroment and Design at the Univerity of Georgia. This book is combination of all the things I am most passionate about and displays the level of work I hope to persue as a designer and protector of nature and the buit environment.

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Vieques

Tropical Paradise

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Isla de Vieques, Puerto Rico Location Vieques Island is located between Puerto Rico and St. Thomas, just 6 miles from the south-east coast of Puerto Rico. Puerto Rico is located 1000 miles southeast of Miami, Florida and 2 1/2 hour flight. Map of Vieques, figure 1.1, shows the location of Camp Garcia which is the site selected for this project.

Figure 1.1: http://www.epa.gov/region2/vieques/map_vieques_000504_t.gif


Culture For over 2,000 years people known as Taino inhabited Vieques, which they called Bieque. The Taino found and left behind them a paradise of fertile soil, fresh water, and trees. In 1493, the conquistadors arrived. In 1524, the Spanish killed every remaining resident. Vieques was then left uninhabited by humanity for 300 years, interrupted by a few British, French, and Spanish attempts to set up forts or destroy each other’s efforts. From 1823 into the 1900s, Vieques was used by the Spanish and French to grow sugar. English-speaking people of African origin, from nearby islands, were kept in slavery or the nearest thing to it, and forced to grow the sugar cane. They revolted in 1864 and 1874, and in the 1915 Sugar Strike. The United States took Puerto Rico from the Spanish in 1898 and made residents U.S. citizens in 1917. The depression of the 1930s, together with two hurricanes in 1932, brought on harder times than ever. In 1939 the United States bought 26,000 of the 30,000 acres of land on Vieques from big sugar plantation owners. Living on that land were 10,000 to 12,000 workers who also raised crops to feed themselves.

Figure 1.3: http://www.isla-vieques.com/ images/tainoartifact.jpg

Figure 1.2: https://www.diversitystore.com/ds/images/products/ViequesL.jpg

Figure 1.4: http://viequesrealestateadventure.files. wordpress.com/2011/12/100_0912-300x225.jpg

Figure 1.5: http://t2.gstatic.com/images

Figure 1.6: http://www.isla-vieques.com/images/ tainoartifact.jpg

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U.S. Navy -Camp Garcia Site Use United States Navy and United States Marine Corps arrived in 1999 and use the site for bombing target practice. Camp Garcia served as the main entry way. The map shown on Figure 1.7 map the areas used by the U.S. Navy. training facilities and the Eastern Maneuver Area included Camp Garcia. These areas contained public works facilities to maintain the vehicles, buildings, roads and utilities that were needed for military activities on Vieques.

Figure 1.7 http://www.viequesislandcasa.com/images/map-vieques-1.jpg

Figure 1.8: http://www.inetres.com/gp/military/cv/inf/AAV. html

Figure 1.9: http://marinethumbs.togetherweserved.com/693543_s. jpg

Figure 1.10: http://marinephotos.togetherweserved. com/785941_med.jpg


Figure 1.11: http://marinephotos.togetherweserved.com/785936_med.jpg

Figure 1.12: Soldier garding the entryway of the Camp.

Figure 1.13: http://marinephotos. Figure 1.14: http://marinephotos.together-Figure 1.15: http://marinephotos.togetherweserved. Figure 1.16: http://cdn3.vtourist.com/15/443926-Places_ togetherweservedcom/693545_med.jpg weserved.com/785940_med.jpg com/785941_med.jpg of_InterestPuerto_Vieques.jpg

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Damage:

Figure 1.17: http://t2.gstatic.com/images

Environmental, Health, Economical From 1941 to 2003, the U.S. military flew planes from aircraft carriers based on the main island of Puerto Rico dropping bombs over Vieques. Areas contaminated with explosive hazards have been found even after the Navy left Vieques. The pictures on show how citizens have peacefully asked the Navy to exite the island and show the kind of damage left by the Navy.


Figure1.18:http://www.globalgreen.org/i/image/dc_vieques_sign2.jpg Figure 1.19: http://www.washingtonpost.com/rf/ image_404h/2010-2019/Wires/Online/2013-05-01/AP/Images/Puerto%20Rico%20Vieques%20Anniversary.JPEG

Figure1.21:http://sphotos-a.xx.fbcdn.net/hphotos-frc1/p480x480/385925_101513 99531561130_73800178_n.jpg

Figure 1.20: http://repeatingislands.files.wordpress. com/2009/04/viequesmunitions11.jpg?w=500

Figure1.22:http://www.finalcall.com/artman/uploads/1/vieques_toxic04-03-2007. jpg

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2

Site Inventory

Regional Inventory These maps show the advantages and disadvantages in comparion to Puerto Rico. The information displayed is minimal due to the low activity in the island.

Regional Site Inventory


Facts

There have been some allegations that these practices are the cause of Vieques high cancer rate. People living on Vieques suffer at far higher rates than on the main island (and possibly anywhere else on earth) from cancer (30% higher than Puerto Rico), cirrhosis of the liver, kidney failure, hypertension (381%), diabetes (41%), birth defects, stillbirths, and miscarriages. Demographics of Vieques showed that only one high school in the area was present and citizesn contantly travel outside the island for work and shopping. The amount of people in Vieques with cancer has increased awareness and many blame the Navy.

Figure 1.23: http://www.newdawnmagazine.com/ articles/depleted-uranium-diabetes-cancer-and-you

Figure1.24:http://www.puertoricosothebysrealty.com/eng/sales/detail/310-l-2519-4000035869/beach-front-land-whotel-private-residences-oa-00765/community

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Visual Analysis Topography Views

The site shows how flat the land is and it is important because of it’s previous use as an airport. The information gather was provided by GIS and Sketch-Up Google.


Site Location The site highlighted in red is part of Puerto Ferro. It is located only a few miles from the two main towns of Isabel Segunda and Esperanza. Next to the Vieques is also the national wildlife refuge. The proposed project will have easy connectivity and will minimize individual transportation.

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3

Design Process Alternative Diagrams

Diagram 1

Diagram 2

Diagram 3

Composite Diagram


Schematic Design The proposed design uses the existing roads to form the layout of the rseach campus. A radial design has significant meaning as it radiates from the main campus into the different areas. All connceted by the main road. The main purpose is to maintain eassy connectivity for people to walk, ride their bikes or take the bus. The two main elevated areas will provide nice views into the campus and allow space for the sustainable features to be placed. Buildings will include showers and have secure bike racks for users. The design uses areas in relationship to the practice performed by students to better help reseach outcomes.

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Design Solution Comseptual Design The idea is to build a multi-institutional research and educational campus with several areas of expertise. The campus is proposed to be an extension of multiple universities willing to join forces to help build the stability and foundation of Vieques. The future campus plan will take full advantage of the unique setting and its habitats for advance research in marine science, environment, medicine and public education, while applying sustainable planning and design to effortlessly integrate facilities into their surroundings. The campus plan will lay the foundation for developing an innovative campus to serve multiple academic, non-profit, and public organizations with comprehensive sensitivity to the environment and ecosystems that makes-up Vieques. The campus, will strive to provide an excellent living environment with a sustainable foundation that will attract the best students and professionals in healthcare, environment, agriculture, history, and science from all over the world. The campus along with its students will bring knowledge, tourism, jobs and income to Vieques, but most important a healthy example of lifestyle for citizents and guest of Vieques to follow. The campus will also be set to expand over time and possibly become a university of its own as the population increases.

Three Main Areas

* Work and Research

* Live and Play in a Sustainable Environment

* Provide and Learn


Nueva Ola Nueva Ola Research Campus Master Plan

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Work and Research Campus Areas: Area 1. Main Campus Buildings- Include Administration buildings and main classroms. Area 4. Reasearch Fields- Area for students to performe test on soil, plants and grow vegetables for sale. The greenhouses are also located in this area. Area 5. Recreational fields. Include Baseball, tennis, and basketball courts. Area 7. Is the Marine Research Center Area 8. Is the Library

Section Elevation A Shows the main entry to the campus. It is located between area 7 and 8.


Research Field and Greenhouse The perspective shows how students can work performing research and record data to help find solutions to benefit the island as they gain practice and knowledge.

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Live in a Sustainable Environment Environmental, Health, Economical Benefits The campus will be a self-sustainable place where people can live and play. This will also ensure low inpact on the site because the main purpose is to help the island not to affect it any further. It will also set an example for the citizens of Vieques to follow as the island continues to be developed. Area 2. Solar Field includes a maintenance building and towers.

Solar Power Field Section Elevation


Sustainable Areas

Wind Turbines

Greenhouse

Solar Panel

Self- Sustainable Campus

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3

Provide and Learn Healing Garden The garden has naitve tropica plants that have been known for its medicinal powers. The garden will serve as a healing place for citizens of Vieques who have been affected by the damage caused in previous years. Student participating in the program will have the apportunity to do research and provide a service in health, dental, and physicological care.

Healing Garden Plan View

Healing Center Section Elevation C


Planting Chart Planting Plan The garden includes private areas for patients to relax and meditate. Plants where selected to provide a colorfull setting with delighful fragrants.

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3

Construction Details and Specifications


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CHAPTER TITTLE

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Conclusion Conclusion The Island of Vieques is in severe need of help. For many years this island has struggle and has fought for peace. Since the U.S. Navy’s departured in 2003, the island has seen progress despite all concerns. Today the cleaning up begins as they hope the island will flourish. The appoch taken by this proposed project is to ensure that the island developed in a way that will ensure lasting stability without endengering the island any further.

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Image Image Bibliography Bibliography Figure 1.1: http://www.epa.gov/region2/vieques/map_vieques_000504_t.gif Figure 1.2: https://www.diversitystore.com/ds/images/products/ViequesL.jpg Figure 1.3: http://www.isla-vieques.com/images/tainoartifact.jpg Figure 1.4: http://viequesrealestateadventure.files.wordpress.com/2011/12/100_0912-300x225.jpg Figure 1.5: http://t2.gstatic.com/images Figure 1.6: http://www.isla-vieques.com/images/tainoartifact.jpg Figure 1.7 http://www.viequesislandcasa.com/images/map-vieques-1.jpg Figure 1.8: http://www.inetres.com/gp/military/cv/inf/AAV.html Figure 1.9: http://marinethumbs.togetherweserved.com/693543_s.jpg Figure 1.10: http://marinephotos.togetherweserved.com/785941_med.jpg Figure 1.13: http://marinephotos.togetherweservedcom/693545_med.jpg Figure 1.14: http://marinephotos.togetherweserved.com/785940_med.jpg Figure 1.15: http://marinephotos.togetherweserved.com/785941_med.jpg Figure 1.16: http://cdn3.vtourist.com/15/443926-Places_of_InterestPuerto_Vieques.jpg Figure 1.17: http://t2.gstatic.com/images Figure 1.18: http://www.globalgreen.org/i/image/dc_vieques_sign2.jpg Figure 1.19: http://www.washingtonpost.com/rf/image_404h/2010-2019/Wires/Online/2013-05-01/AP/Images/Puerto%20Rico%20Vieques%20Anniversary.JPEG Figure 1.20: http://repeatingislands.files.wordpress.com/2009/04/viequesmunitions11.jpg?w=500 Figure 1.21: http://sphotos-a.xx.fbcdn.net/hphotos-frc1/p480x480/385925_10151399531561130_73800178_n.jpg Figure 1.22: http://www.finalcall.com/artman/uploads/1/vieques_toxic04-03-2007.jpg Figure 1.23: http://www.newdawnmagazine.com/articles/depleted-uranium-diabetes-cancer-and-you Figure 1.24: http://www.puertoricosothebysrealty.com/eng/sales/detail/310-l-2519-4000035869/beach-front-land-w-hotel-private-residences-oa-00765/community

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Article Article Bibliography Bibliography Ayala Casás, CésarBolívar Fresneda, José. “The Cold War and the second expropriations of (2006): 10-35.

the Navy in Vieques”. Centro JournalXVIII. 001

Baver, Sherrie L. ““Peace Is More Than the End of Bombing” The Second Stage of the Vieques Struggle.” Latin American Perspectives 33.1 (2006): 102-115. César J., Ayala. “From Sugar Plantations To Military Bases: The U.S. Navy’s Expropriations In Vieques, Puerto Rico, 1940-45.” Centro Journal 1 (2001): 23. Directory of Open Access Journals. Web. 22 Jan. 2013. Fabián, Ana M. “ESTUDIO DE OPINIÓN SOBRE LA TRANSPORTACIÓN EN VIEQUES, PUERTO RICO. (Spanish).” Caribbean Studies 37.1 (2009): 251-274. Humanities International Complete. Web. 22 Jan. 2013. Gilbes, Fernando, and Roy Armstrong. “Contaminant and erosion control baseline database for the Puerto Mosquito Watershed, Vieques, PR.” University of Puerto Rico at Mayaguez, Progress Report (2006): 1-16. McCaffrey, Katherine T. “Fish, Wildlife, And Bombs: The Struggle To Clean Up Vieques.” NACLA Report On The Americas 42.5 (2009): 35. Ad vanced Placement Source. Web. 22 Jan. 2013. McCaffrey, Katherine T. “Social Struggle Against The U.S. Navy In Vieques, Puerto Rico: Two Movements In History.” Latin American Perspec tives 1 (2006): 83. JSTOR Arts & Sciences II. Web. 22 Jan. 2013. Ortiz-Roque, Carmen, and Yadiris López-Rivera. “Mercury Contamination In Reproductive Age Women In A Caribbean Island: Vieques.” Journal Of Epidemiology And Community Health (1979-) 9 (2004): 756. JSTOR Life Sciences. Web. 23 Jan. 2013. Richard E. Dodge, et al. “A Tale Of Germs, Storms, And Bombs: Geomorphology And Coral Assemblage Structure At Vieques (Puerto Rico) Compared To St. Croix (U.S. Virgin Islands).” Journal Of Coastal Research 4 (2008): 1008. JSTOR Life Sciences. Web. 18 Jan. 2013. Singer, Gerald. Vieques: A Photographically Illustrated Guide to the Island, Its History, and Its Culture. Sombrero Publishing Company, 2004. Tainer, E. “A GIS Analysis of three bioluminescent bays, Vieques, Puerto Rico.” Department of Geology, Washington and Lee University (2007). Torres, MI. “Organizing, Educating, And Advocating For Health And Human Rights In Vieques, Puerto Rico.” American Journal Of Public Health 95.1 (2005): 9-12. CINAHL. Web. 22 Jan. 2013. Wilcox, J. “Going Public. Vieques, Puerto Rico: An Island Under Siege.” American Journal Of Public Health 91.5 (2001): 695-698. CINAHL. Web. 22 Jan. 2013.

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FACT SHEET ON Vieques, Puerto Rico Posted 11/15/99 Vieques is an island municipality of Puerto Rico, separated from it by 6-8 miles of sea. It measures 21 by 4 miles, with an area of 33,000 sq. acres. Population: 9,400 inhabitants who live in the narrow, middle strip of land sandwiched between two U.S. large Naval facilities. Since the 1940’s, when the Pentagon forcibly removed thousands of Viequenses, and took control of 2/3 of the island, the U.S. Navy has been using it for the training of U.S., NATO, South American and CARICOM allied forces. Not only is it used by the Navy, but also by the Marines, Army and Air Force. There, they conduct amphibious landing exercises, special forces parachute drops, close air support, artillery and small arms firings, naval gunfire support, missile shoots, air-to-surface, air-to-air, surface-to-air shootings, naval "war at sea" exercises, and surface, air, and submarine maneuvering and drills. Besides the eastern third of Vieques, they also use 195,000 sq. miles of open ocean and airspace for their training. In the western part, the Navy stores ammunition, which it both uses in the exercises and sells to other countries. The U.S. has practiced in Vieques before invading Guatemala in 1954, Cuba in 1961, Santo Domingo in 1965, Chile in 1973, Granada in 1983, Panamá in 1989. Also against El Salvador, Nicaragua, Viet Nam, and Iraq. Eighty per cent of the U.S. ships and airplanes that participated in the US/NATO war against Yugoslavia, trained in Vieques. This military occupation has devastated the lives of the people in Vieques. There is 50% unemployment, the cancer rate is 27% higher than in Puerto Rico, health needs are serviced only by an outpatient clinic, with the nearest hospital 18 miles away, by sea! With almost 60 years of constant pounding with live ammunition, including Depleted Uranium, Napalm and other toxic chemicals, the environment is highly polluted, affecting the area’s rich ecosystem. But the history of Vieques has also been the struggle of its inhabitants. Since the very beginning of the U.S. expropriations, the courageous people of Vieques have been opposing the U.S. military in many ways and fronts. Small boats http://www.iacenter.org/puertorico/vieques-fact//

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Figure 1.2: https://www.diversitystore.com/ds/images/products/ViequesL.jpg


Veronica Pimentel University of Georgia College of Environment and Design University of Georgia pimente287@gmail.com

Nueva Ola Research Campus  

A propose solution to the problems in Isla de Vieques, Puerto Rico

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