Table 3-4. Economic Characteristics, by Evaluation Site Percent Living Below Percent of Federal Unemployment Adults Not In Poverty Level Rate Workforce
No. Housing Units
Median Household Income
Per Capita Income
Source: http://www.commerce.state.ak.us/dca/commdb/CF_COMDB.htm. Most information relies on 2000 census data if not otherwise noted; this table will be updated when 2010 census data are available.
Site B, located on the shores of the Bering Sea, is served by nonstop daily airline service from Anchorage and has a relatively resilient economy based on a seasonal fish processing plant, the presence of the offices of the district school superintendent, and a tribal economic development agency. Piped water and sewage service to nearly all village residents dates from the 1980s. Until recently, the water supply was fluoridated, but within the past 6 months the water treatment manager, who was certified to fluoridate the municipal water supply, passed away. Without a certified technician, the village’s water is currently not being fluoridated. Site C, situated on an inland river near the Arctic Circle, is a village where residents have relocated “at least five times in recent memory” (Alaska Division of Community and Regional Affairs, 2010). The residents rely on a subsistence lifestyle for most of their food. This is the only site in this evaluation in which residents do not uniformly have indoor water and sewer service, although there is a community washeteria where treated water can be obtained and clothing laundered. The primary sources of employment are the local school system and construction of a new piped water supply system. Site D, located on a major tributary of the Yukon River, was founded by Jesuit missionaries and currently serves as a subregional clinic for the region. The village’s economy is seasonal, with a sizable number of residents holding commercial fishing permits. Most homes have indoor plumbing. Nonstop daily flights to Anchorage are available.