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Healthcare, IT, IMM, Public Safety, Transportation, Construction, Manufacturing, Aviation, Education, Cosmetology


TABLE OF CONTENTS 2 PLAN NOW FOR TOMORROW’S JOBS Technology is a part of every industry. Explore the new frontiers and be prepared! 6 HOW TO CHOOSE A COLLEGE What to consider and what questions to ask–hear the experts advice. 8 COLLEGE–A SOLID INVESTMENT Check out the real value of a higher education–in your bank account! 9 A LEGACY OF EXCELLENCE These celebs had surprising beginnings! 10 COLLEGE 101 Practical tips for success in your college experience. 12 FIRST IMPRESSIONS CAN LAST FOREVER Make a great first impression – follow our guide! 14 TOP TIPS 4 TIME MANAGEMENT Solid ways to avoid time slipping away. 16 DISCOVER YOUR CAREER What career is right for you? See the 6 career paths and 16 career clusters. 17 HOT JOBS WITH BRIGHT FUTURES Take our Personality Quiz! Then explore HOT careers by personality types, career paths and education needed. 26 START HERE — GO ANYWHERE From quality to affordability- 5 Reasons to Consider a Two-Year College 30 BE DEBT FREE AT GRADUATION Don’t start your career with thousands of dollars of debt. Here’s how!


26th Edition, October 2014 © 2014 by Venture Publications, Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part without written permission of the publisher is prohibited. Movin’ On is protected through trademark registration in the United States. Published annually for sponsoring school districts, two-year colleges and state and Federal grants programs. EDITOR: Matthew Price DESIGN: Anderson Design Group CONTRIBUTING WRITERS: Mark Rowh, Matt Price, Andrea Frankenfeld, Dr. Sandra Breazeale, Toni Fitzpenn, Dawn Verner PHONE: 615-662-0236 FAX: 615-662-0230 EMAIL:


There are many studies conducted and reports written each year about careers that will be hot in the next five to ten years. Consistently, whether they’re in health care, education, engineering, or another growing field, the common denominator among each is computers and software applications.


hese fields are the technical fabric that will cover nearly all aspects of your professional future. Yes, the omnipresent, all encompassing science behind computers is driving our economy, our culture, our public welfare, our . . . well, the list is endless. This is why “pursuing a career in computer science” now simply means “you’re pursuing a career” since all vocational paths, to one degree or another, require solid training and proficiency in the latest hardware and their applicable programs. Let’s review some professional options among a few of the major career clusters to see how computing is transforming both the way people work and the ever-evolving job market you’ll soon be entering.

Health Science

Healthcare is experiencing a long-term technology boom as medical providers work to meet growing needs as well as satisfy new regulations and government deadlines for electronic medical records, application development, data analytics, and cloud computing technologies. In addition, mobile computer technology is having a dramatic impact on healthcare for patients living in remote, underserved areas of the world. For instance a United Nations project called the Mobile Health Alliance, or mHealth, has undertaken electronic education initiatives like texting information and questionnaires to increase public awareness of diseases. Adele Waugaman, a project spokesperson, said this access offers the “benefit of talking to people in their local language.” A recent outreach in Uganda included texting HIV/AIDS quizzes to 15,000 mobile phone subscribers. Afterward the number of people who typically sought testing at a local clinic increased by

Transportation, Distribution, and Logistics nearly forty percent over a six week period. Technology in Action: According to a recent American Medical Association fact sheet, health information technology (or HIT) includes software, hardware and infrastructure – all designed to “collect, store and exchange patient data throughout the clinical practice of medicine.” The data gained and stored by health providers is maintained through Health Information Exchanges (or HIEs). HIEs control the electronic sharing of health information in pre-established geographic regions where information can be exchanged electronically and health care systems can be improved both locally and nationally.

There was a time when advanced transportation technology meant carrying people and goods via steamboats and locomotives or it was a designation for the advent of the automobile assembly line. Today computer systems are used in air traffic control centers to guide tens of thousands of U.S. based flights per day; in direct satellite systems that track every boat, plane, and vehicle used by global package delivery services; and in every important function on automobiles, from the brakes to the transmission to the climate control system. Looking into the near future, the U.S. Department of Energy’s Argonne National Laboratory is using computerized interactive models to explore ways to allow consumers to use smart grids to get their energy directly and smart chargers to power electric vehicles. “Communication is what allows a charger to be a smart charger,” says Ted Bohn, a principal engineer at Argonne. “The smart charger allows you to charge your vehicle at a rate that is bargained between the consumer and the grid.” Technology in Action: A recent MIT Technology Review article described a new computer controlled convoy system that increases fuel efficiency for long-haul truckers by reducing wind drag. A driver in front operates his or her rig normally while a second truck is partly controlled by radar sensors, a wireless communication system, and on-board video screens. This vehicle has its gas and brakes 3

regulated by a computer that links the two trucks at a precise distance until they are disengaged by the second driver. Called “platooning” this procedure reduces the wind drag on both trucks and can potentially save trucking companies millions of dollars in fuel every year.

Sports and Training Being naturally bigger, stronger, and faster simply isn’t enough for today’s collegiate and professional athletes. Any legal edge is pursued that will add a bit more arch to a pitcher’s curveball, help a golfer drive her ball a few yards farther up the fairway, or get a sprinter out of the starting block a fraction of a second faster. Increasingly computer technology, including motion analysis and simulation software, is being applied to these and other sports to achieve results unimaginable to previous generations of sports stars. Computers are also used to track and compare player stats to analyze potential future performance. And, perhaps most important, equipment manufacturers are using computer aided design, or CAD, software to produce more durable and protective helmets, pads, mouth pieces, and face gear. Technology in Action: If you’ve seen the movie Moneyball, about the Oakland Athletics and their innovative general manager Billy Beane, then you’re probably familiar with sabermetrics. Sabermetrics is almost as difficult to explain as it is to understand. Basically, it’s an analysis tool that uses mathematical formulas and statistics to determine how baseball players will perform under certain circumstances. As you can imagine, these numbers are difficult to compile manually so teams have begun hiring specialists who compile statistics from around the league to help their team make personnel decisions. The online school, EdX, even offers a course in sabermetrics that teaches the “basics of data science . . . that requires skills in computation, statistics, and communicating results of analyses” and covers “the basics of statistical regression, the R Language, and SQL.”

Human Services



For nearly a decade the National Association of Social Workers (NASW) and the Association of Social Work Boards (ASWB) have applied set standards to the changing role of social workers in relation to various technological advances. These standards are necessary since social workers,

counselors, and counseling psychologists rely on trust and confidentiality with their patients or clients. For this reason, unlike most professions, those who work to improve the lives of others are very cautious about emerging technologies and the possibility of private information becoming public. Yet, although mindful of security issues, many leading social work educators believe high tech solutions should be embraced to provide the best, most comprehensive treatment to the most people. Jerry Finn of the University of Washington, for instance, says, “In the near future, real-time video-based computer communications will be widely available, enhancing service delivery and removing some of the assessment and treatment downside barriers to current online practice.” And Philip Ng of the University of Rochester assures that technology will offer “ . . . an improvement of the tools in assisting (social workers) to perform everyday tasks, with the focus still firmly planted in helping those who need it the most.” Technology in Action: Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute has been pioneering mathematical models based on psychology theories that allow computers to mimic human creative problem-solving. This is a key stage in the development of artificial intelligence. According to Ron Sun, a professor of cognitive science at the school, their work “pushes forward the field of research on creative problem solving and offers an explanation of the human mind and how we solve problems creatively.” This model can potentially create artificial intelligence programs that are good at solving problems creatively rather than deliberately. Of course computer technology is advancing and revolutionizing career fields ranging from retail sales to crop farming to mechanical engineering to conservation science (actually this list could go on indefinitely so we’ll stop here). To learn more, talk to your guidance counselor, your computer science teacher, or begin exploring your options online. Trust us, so much computer related career information is available you’ll soon find more answers than you have questions.

So what career field are you interested in? Energy? Healthcare? Business? International finance? Well, regardless of your future job aspirations, the most common threat your organization will face isn’t competition; it’s cybercrime. Not so sure . . . here are some recent examples:


ybersecurity became a top five concern for U.S. electric utilities this year according to a new survey. “The industry is paying attention and actively seeking ways to bolster security practices to limit power system vulnerability,” says an annual report titled 2014 Strategic Directions: U.S. Electric Industry. According to the news agency Reuters, the FBI has warned healthcare providers that they’re vulnerable to attacks by hackers searching for Americans’ personal medical records and health insurance data. Health data is more valuable to hackers than credit card numbers since it typically has information that can be used to access bank accounts or get prescriptions for controlled substances. An article in Inc. Magazine quotes Jeremy Grant, an adviser at the Department of Commerce’s National Institute of Standards and Technology, stating that in the past two years he’s seen a “sharp increase in hackers and adversaries targeting small businesses.” And, according to the security company Symantec, cyber-attacks on small businesses rose 300 percent in 2012 from the previous year. And threats are a global problem. According the Bloomberg news agency, Russian hackers attacked the U.S. financial system in Mid-August of 2014 and stole data from JPMorgan Chase & Co. The attack resulted in the loss of gigabytes of sensitive data. These are just a few examples of why the Bureau of Labor Statistics projects employment for information security analysts will grow 37 percent from 2012 to 2022. There are two key reasons for this.

One, as we’ve indicated is that cyber-attacks have grown dramatically in both frequency and sophistication over the last few years. And, two, amazingly many organizations have just begun to pay attention to these threats. A 2012 study revealed that 57 percent of 108 global companies surveyed were not actively assessing cyber risk while close to 80 percent of the boards of companies managing critical infrastructure had not reviewed cyber-insurance coverage to handle any losses they may experience. This wait-and-see approach of just a couple years ago is changing rapidly because of recent attacks that have been widely reported. In fact, a new information security career has arisen to combat these threats called certified ethical hackers. This professional certification is offered by the International Council of E-Commerce Consultants (EC-Council). Ethical hackers typically attack a company’s networks and computer systems using the same knowledge, methods, and tools as a criminal hacker. Their goal is to fix any security vulnerabilities they find. While cyber-attacks are uncertain, if you enter the field of information security you can be sure of high paying, steady employment. The median annual wage for information security analysts was $86,170 in May 2012 with the top 10 percent earning more than $135,600. For more information visit the Information Systems Security Association’s site at Quote I attribute my success to this - I never gave or took any excuse. Florence Nightingale

Lifestyle Set goals. You’ll be more motivated and positive if you give yourself goals to work towards throughout the school year.


But, all things being equal, a twoyear college education is a very wise investment. Why? Well, to begin with, almost all two- and four-year schools offer the same curriculum for the first two years of college and two-year colleges are typically far less expensive. Also, two-year colleges have open admissions (that is, they take applications on a rolling basis) and they have AA, AAS, and certificate programs to help students quickly enter the workforce. And don’t worry. Twoyear colleges have articulation agreements with four-year schools to allow students to transfer easily.

We’re glad you asked—

If you want to succeed in life you need to ask a lot of questions. And, of course, you need to ask

someone who knows the answers to your questions (after all, you can ask a poodle a lot of questions but unless they revolve around plush toys and moist versus dry dog food preferences you won’t get much of an answer). Since the course of study you choose will impact your life well beyond the next two to four years, it’s important to assess and question your interests, values, and skills so that you don’t choose a major you’ll later regret. These are also important considerations when evaluating a school since most colleges excel at training students in particular fields. There are a number of resources (many of them on-line) to help you determine the type of careers that will excite you and where your probability of success will be high. Talk to your guidance counselor or do an Internet search of available career discovery tests. Take our mini-personality quiz on page 17 and read the “Hot Jobs” article. Chances are you will find some careers you should consider.



Now, should you consider a two-year or four-year school after graduating from high school? There are many factors to consider when making this decision –including scholarship opportunities, advice from your family, and extra-curricular opportunities like sports and special programs that interest you.

Finally, you aren’t the only one who should be answering questions when it comes to choosing a college. Admission counselors or other official representatives for the colleges you’re considering should also be willing to answer as many questions as you have about their programs, their academic environment, and the student life on their campus. Here are some questions recommends you ask when surveying colleges. 1. COURSE LOAD: – How many classes does the average student take per semester or quarter? – On average, how many hours per week do students study? – What about in the more difficult majors?

2. REGISTERING FOR CLASSES: – How do you register for classes? – How easy is it to get the classes you want? – Are classes in certain areas set aside for majors only?

3. MAJORS: – What are the most popular majors? – What are the weaker majors in terms of course offerings? – Can students design their own major?

4. LEARNING ENVIRONMENT: – Is the academic environment traditional or progressive? – In what ways does it reflect these characteristics? – Is it career-oriented?

5. CLASS SIZE: – What is the average class size for freshman? – How many classes are taught by teaching assistants? – Are classes generally taught lecture style or in seminars?

6. LIVING ARRANGEMENTS: – Does the college offer housing or help in securing it? – What percentage of students live on campus?

7. CAMPUS LIFE: – What is a good description of the typical student? – Do many students have full or part-time jobs? – What kind of clubs and organizations are on campus? – What are the major student issues on campus? – How safe is the campus?

Be sure to bring these and other questions with you when visiting a school. And don’t be hesitant to ask questions of students you meet. After all, they’ve been through the same process you’re undergoing and they have a perspective that will help round out your analysis.

When you’re making a


it’s always a good idea to turn to the “experts” for advice. Just who exactly are these mysterious and all-knowing people? They’re men and women who have had a lifetime of experience and training that gives them a uniquely accurate perspective on a subject. Let’s see what they have to say about choosing a major and a college. What are one or two important factors to consider in choosing a major? “Explore what the required courses are for the major before making a decision. Often, they are in areas you never realized were tied to that major and can come as quite a shock down the road. Also investigate to see if you can major in something with a unique twist or angle to it that will help you fill a niche that others can’t.” What are one or two important factors to consider in selecting a college? “Location and cost are certainly factors that parents tend to consider first, but families should also keep in mind how well that college’s philosophies and courses fit the student and his or her goals. It’s important

to stretch and look beyond the schools that first come to mind and explore the lesser known ones for the perks they commonly — TAMRA ORR offer.” Author of America’s Best Colleges for B Students and How to Ace the SAT Writing Even if You Hate to Write

What are some important things to do when considering a college? “Importance of the campus visit cannot be overstated. Also, it is important to start early. Begin making your list of colleges to visit during your junior year of high school. Never make any initial assumptions. You might be surprised at what you find out.”

— CLINTON G. HOBBS Vice President for Enrollment Management, Young Harris College, Young Harris, Georgia

What are the advantages of a two-year college? “In many locales, a community college will have a world-class authority on whatever a particular student has chosen to study. In that instance, the twoyear school is a far better choice than an Ivy League college!”

— REECY ARESTY Author of Getting Into College And Paying For It

What are some qualities that make two-year colleges unique? “Many students think two-year schools are essentially all the same. In reality, not only do they offer many different types of academic programs and opportunities, but they each have a different “feel” depending on what kinds of students they attract, their location, their size, the clubs and sports they offer, and their political environment.” — DANNY RUDERMAN

Author of The Ultimate College Experience

What should you look for in the first two years of college? “Academics are going to be more or less the same across schools, particularly in the first two years of college. It’s the support services and non-academic features that distinguish a college.”


THINK FOR YOURSELF! College selection is too big a decision to just go where your friends are going. Use this process to discover who you are and your unique qualities! With help from parents, teachers and counselors, you’ll find the right college and major

Movin’ On

Education expert and CEO/Founder



A Solid Investment For Your Future! Your commitment to education after you graduate from high school will quite likely determine how enjoyable, successful, and economically sound the rest of your life will be. he Census Bureau discovered in a recent survey that over a 40-year work life, those who hold an associate degree average $1.8 million in earnings, those with a bachelor degree average $2.4 million, those with a master degree average $2.8 million, those with a doctoral degree average $3.5 million, and those with a professional degree average an amazing $4.1 million. Is it any wonder education is called “the best investment” a person can make to ensure a prosperous future? HIGH SCHOOL DIPLOMA



EDUCATION IS THE BEST INVESTMENT... • All of the 50 highest paying jobs require a college degree or higher. • 37 of the Best 50 Jobs require a college degree or higher. • 13 of the Best 50 Jobs require a certificate or associate degree.

Check out the subject you like and see how the greater knowledge you have really pays off! Let’s look more closely at the numbers behind the careers and college degrees that can make a big difference in your yearly bank account.




Bank Teller $24,940

Auditing Clerk $35,170

Accountant $63,550

Actuary $93,680

Home Health Aide $20,820

Dental Hygienist $70,210

Biomedical Engineer $86,960

Anesthesiologist $187,200+

Data Entry

Web Developer

Computer Security

Computer & Info. Research Scientist $102,190

Analyst $62,500 $22,390 COMPUTERS $86,170 Hazardous Material Geological Civil Engineer SCIENCE Remover Technician $79,340 $37,590 $52,700

Physicist $106,360


Public Relations Manager $95,450

Human Service Legal Assistant Technical Writer Assistant $46,990 $65,500 $28,850

Of course, money is not the only reason to invest in a college education. You are also investing in you — as a person. Your world will grow larger in college with new people, cultures and the opportunity to discover your unique talents. As you can

see, education is a wise investment in your future!

Numerical information gathered from the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau. Numbers may differ slightly between the agencies due to varying means of averaging and analyzing data.


Did You Know?


Since the establishment of the new SAT, only 1,874 students scored a perfect 2400.

“The annual family income of more than 47% of undergraduates is less than $40,000.”

ENTERTAINMENT Morgan Freeman is an Oscar-winning actor who was nominated three times for an Academy Award for roles in Street Smart, Driving Miss Daisy, and The Shawshank Redemption before finally winning best supporting actor playing a boxing trainer in Clint Eastwood’s Million Dollar Baby in 2004. Freeman attended Los Angeles City College while working as a transcript clerk at the school. AERONAUTICS Fred Haise attended Perkinston Junior College (now Mississippi Gulf Coast Community College) before continuing his education at the University of Oklahoma and Harvard Business School. A former Air Force fighter pilot and NASA research pilot, Haise was chosen to join the elite space program at Johnson Space Center. He was part of the ill-fated Apollo 13 mission, which almost didn’t return to Earth after failing to land on the Moon due to technical problems. He was inducted into the Aerospace Walk of Fame in 1995. SPORTS

Jackie Robinson was the first AfricanAmerican baseball player in the major leagues. He attended Pasadena Junior College (now Pasadena City College,

CA) and won a scholarship to the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA), where he became the first student at UCLA to letter in football, baseball, basketball, and track. After serving in the U.S. Army, Robinson became the first black player in the major leagues on April 15, 1947, ending nearly 80 years of baseball segregation. Despite racist taunts and threats he had a Hall of Fame career with a batting average of .311. Robinson died in 1972 but was posthumously awarded the Congressional Gold Medal and the Presidential Medal of Freedom. BUSINESS

B. Thomas “Tom” Golisano is the billionaire founder and chairman of Paychex, Inc., the second largest payroll processing company in the United States. He is also widely known for his charitable work which, through his foundation, supports education, health care, rehabilitation, and other causes. Golisano attended SUNY College of Technology in Alfred, New York where he earned an A.A.S. degree. He was given the Outstanding Alumni Award from the American Association of Community Colleges and holds honorary doctorates from Roberts Wesleyan College and St. John Fisher College.


Gwendolyn Brooks published her first poem at the age of 13. After graduating in 1939 from Chicago’s Wilson Junior College (now Kennedy-King College) she continued her writing and in the 1940’s was published in such prominent publications as Harper’s, Poetry, and The Yale Review. In 1950 Brooks became the first black person to be awarded the Pulitzer Prize for her book Annie Allen. The rest of her life was marked by considerable success – writing fictional works and twenty collections of poetry, receiving 75 honorary doctorates and teaching at various colleges. In 1968 she was named Poet Laureate for Illinois and was until her death on December 3, 2000. So now it’s your turn. These men and women have earned rewards and awards that only come to those who take their education and their lives seriously. Actually they’re someone just like you. And who knows, in a few years Movin’ On may include you among the list of two-year college graduates who have achieved greatness. Gwendolyn Brooks — Photo courtesy of the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library Fred Haise — Photo courtesy of Mississippi Gulf Coast Community College Jackie Robinson — Photo courtesy of The Baseball Hall of Fame

Movin’ On


Some of the greatest scientists, most successful business people, and best known celebrities built their careers on the solid foundation of a two-year college education. Let’s look at a few outstanding graduates from the past as inspiration to this generation’s future leaders.



ongratulations! You’re about to embark on one of the most exciting adventures of your life. You’re going to college. This means you’re starting down the path of true adulthood with all the privileges you’ve looked forward to for so long. Just remember privilege and responsibility always go together. College is also a time of transition. Transitions are challenging and take time and effort — and college is no exception. If your new college offers an orientation course, this is the best way to learn about your new school’s procedures, policies, and resources.



Take Care of Your Health


Eat right, exercise, get plenty of sleep, and avoid the temptations that can impair the mind you’ll need for achieving your goals.

Movin’ On

Get to Know the People



Socialize with those who are sharing this experience with you like classmates, professors, and the college staff. Treat everyone from the custodian to the college president with respect. Forget about things that have normally segregated you from others like age, cultural differences, economic

status, political ideas, and lifestyle. Each one has a wealth of knowledge that can benefit your understanding and education in unimagined ways.

Go to Class, Listen, & Ask


Always go to class. Always listen. Always ask questions about what you don’t understand. Participate in discussions. Think. And don’t be afraid to share your thoughts even if they are different from others. Always review your notes as soon as possible after leaving class. Always read the assignment before your next class.

the advisor and take notes during the session. Later set up a file. Keep copies of course descriptions, syllabi, important assignments, and assigned grades. Keep notes on your advisement sessions and keep signed copies of any exceptions or changes an advisor says you can make from a published course of study.

Ask for Help


Don’t wait until you are overwhelmed to ask for assistance. Know your professor’s office hours and make appointments. Organize a study group with classmates. Familiarize yourself with the student center, financial aid office, and counseling center.

Organize! Organize! Organize! Use Every Opportunity


Take a notebook or Tablet with you all the time and write down everything you want to remember — from class assignments to people’s names, email addresses, and cell phone numbers. Be sure and date your notes. At the end of the day, have one place to keep your notebook, wallet, keys, class materials, and other items you must take with you in the morning.

Learn to Use the Library


Utilize the resources in the library and ask for help from the librarians. The primary goal of higher education is that you become a self-taught, lifelong learner. For this reason librarians may be the most important instructors you will ever have since they can point you in the direction of finding information.

Planning Your Course of Study



Use every opportunity offered to “practice” what you are learning in your academic studies. From clubs that emphasize fields of knowledge to community service projects to internships in corporations. Get involved with hands-on experience in what you are studying in class.

Take Advantage


Take part in new cultural experiences to open your life to something you may or may not think you are interested in but never actually tried. Never visited an art museum? Why not? Open your mind to new learning experiences.

Give Back to Others


Give to others what you are receiving. This is what holds all social institutions together. Be a positive ambassador for your learning community.

Planning your course outline with a faculty advisor is an integral part of your college experience. Remember, your advisor is just that: an advisor. He or she is not responsible for the course of your educational experience, you are. With that in mind, before your advisement meeting, know your college catalog, the general course requirements, and the specific prerequisites for your major (if you have declared one). Write down specific questions you may want to ask during your designated time with

Quote “Work hard but work smart. Always. Every day. Nothing is handed to you and nothing is easy. You’re not owed anything... No job or task is too small or beneath you. If you want to get ahead, volunteer to do the things no one else wants to do, and do it better. Be a sponge. Be open and learn.”— Bobbi Brown, CEO of Bobbi Brown Cosmetics

Movin’ On


It’s how you visualize yourself in this transition to college that makes all the difference in what you take away from your higher education experience. The best education, memories, and friends come to those who see themselves as part of a unique community during a special time of their lives. Oh, and don’t forget - ENJOY!



hether considering an “American Idol”, a President of the United States, or a potential new friend, most people decide “thumbs up”, or “thumbs down” within a few seconds of their first “meeting” whether on TV, “Facebook”, or in person. Those quickly made decisions also tend to last a long time – even a lifetime – according to some researchers. This is true the majority of the time, no matter what else you may learn about that person later that contradicts your initial conclusion.


First impressions persist because human beings tend to filter later information through what they have already decided is true in their first encounter with another. SO… think about it. For every “first impression” you have of somebody else, there is a first impression somebody has of you! Every relationship, every “impression” builds on another and becomes the “you” people perceive you to be. That “first impression” person is the one others choose (or do not choose) for a friend, a date, a member of their student body, an employee, a partner or a potential mate. Given the real possibilities of unwanted consequences, it is well worth the effort to learn and practice attitudes and behaviors that will help you make great first impressions. Polish the best of yourself and work hard to put that “self” forward in every new situation. We all “let down” at times with loved ones and old friends who have known us forever – but new acquaintances may not overlook those “off” times you may have.

1 2

Good grooming is a must – an absolute “no-brainer.” No one is favorably impressed by smelly bodies and stinky breath.

Go into new situations determined to BE impressed by others, not to impress them. Look on the experience of meeting new people as an adventure, a treasure hunt. Talk to yourself in positive ways about the upcoming experience. Tell yourself everybody there is like you, a bit scared and insecure, (It’s true!) and looking for someone to help him or her get through the experience. Then, determine to be that person, the one who makes the first move and relieves another’s anxiety! Introduce yourself – don’t wait for someone to come up to you. Believe you will have a good time and enjoy the people you meet. This attitude alone will ensure you will make a great impression.


Stand up straight and confident (whether you are or not!) This is one area so critical you can know it is okay to “fake it till you make it.” Good posture conveys the appearance of confidence and comfort with self. This is very attractive and draws people to you. There is a musical version of “The King and I” which expresses this in a song: “Whenever I feel afraid, I hold my head erect and whistle a happy tune, so no one will suspect I’m afraid.” (Well, don’t go in whistling – but do think happy thoughts!) If offered a hand, shake it firmly, or take it in both of yours. Look the other person in the eye and listen, especially

to their name. Good eye contact sends a message of honesty, sincerity and interest. Also, measure your rate of speaking and your volume so it is neither too fast, nor too slow, too soft, nor too loud.


Be warm and engaging. Smile. Again, think of positive things. (You CAN choose what to think about, you know). Think everyday about how you would like to be treated and determine to treat ALL other people with the same openness, respect and interest you want from them. Check your attitude before stepping out of your door. Whiny, ungrateful, negative people are NOT appealing to ANYONE. What you learned in kindergarten still applies: Please and thank you are the “magic words” that open almost any door and leave people craving your company again. All of this may sound like too much trouble – but a “don’t care, take me as I am” attitude closes doors, burns bridges, and digs you into a hole out of which you can sometimes never

emerge. There are no “throw away” relationships when it comes to making a good first impression. If you decide not to continue a relationship, that’s fine. But if you “blow it” in the beginning, the choice is made for you and there may be no second chances. Like it or not, relationships determine the course of your life as much as skill, intelligence, talent or hard work. Success in life is largely determined by both those you know, and how they feel about you. A failed course can be taken again, a new skill can be learned, research will bring you the knowledge you may lack initially – but, a poor first impression may close the door to an important relationship you are powerless to restore. Remember, there is no “dress rehearsal” for life. So every day put yourself together and greet people in every situation as if those are the most important contacts you will ever make. You can be assured on many occasions, you will be exactly right, and you may not know it until long AFTER that first impression is made.

While all the previously given rules apply in all situations, there are some extra considerations for what may be called the three special “VIP” groups. The special “P’s” stand for the Peers, the Powers, and the Proxies.

The Peers:

Good grooming is important in all situations, but particular ways of dressing for new encounters depends on the group. When you are mixing with a new group of peers, you will want to dress close to the way others in the group dress — but never if your body type or values don’t support the prevailing fashion. Perhaps there is a variation of language or slang or interests shared with peer groups. It’s important to come close to fitting in, but never to the point of losing yourself. A special word about online posting (your first impression in another form) be sure you never post anything publicly that would not be acceptable to any of the 3 P’s!

The Powers:

These are the people who order the course of your life in many ways. These are the teachers, the employers, the administrators, the coaches, choral band and drama directors. They help you accomplish your goals, and inspire you to other goals. They hold the keys to places, awards, recommendations, and jobs. Be on time, give them your undivided attention, try to know something about their preferences before your first meeting. For instance, an earring or tattoo may be fine, even “cool” to your peers, but should be left out or covered for a job interview. Dress appropriately for a new situation. When in doubt about appropriate dress for the “Powers” always dress up.

The Proxies: Proxies may not be the specific people you care about impressing, but how you are seen by these people is VERY important to other people whose goodwill is very important in your life. You may not care to meet your dad’s best customer — but if dad, who has a great deal of power in your life (affection, goodwill, curfews, car keys, etc.) and deserves your respect, wants you to make a good first impression, then put together the package as dad suggests. Your girlfriend may overlook your appearance at times, but if you are meeting her parents for the first time, best take a shower and make sure the haircut is acceptable. 13

Movin’ On

t’s become a cliché to note that everybody is busy. So, by definition, students tend to have heavy time demands in completing all the work required at the college level. You should expect to complete two hours of work outside of class for every hour spent in class. That means for a course load of 15 credits (considered a reasonable load for a fulltime student), you would be putting in 45 hours a week on your college studies. If you hold down a job or have family responsibilities, finding enough time to get everything done can be a real challenge.


studying at the same times each day so that it becomes a That’s the essence of time management. By analyzing demands on your time and then making adjustments in your habit. He also advises taking advantage of what he calls open time windows. routine, anyone can get a better grasp on making the most “Use the time you spend waiting, of available time. In the process, you will be setting the walking, riding and so forth to review stage for future success. what you’ve learned,” he says. “Just “The time management skills and disciplines that you before class, quickly review your notes or develop as a student can help you for the rest of life,” says readings relating to the class.” Peter Turla, a Texas consultant and time management expert. “Time management makes you figure out According to Turla, the best time what’s important and what’s not. Time is management strategies for students all we have. You may find one day that involve creating good study habits. you have less than you think.” This includes setting aside blocks of — by Randy Pausch, Carnegie Mellon Univ ersity study time (about 45 minutes each), computer science professor. Check out his inspiring planning for weekly reviews, and Last Lecture video: Lifestyle Avoid sugary drinks. One 12-oz soda has about 10 teaspoons of sugar! Try sparkling water with fruit juice instead.

“Set priorities,” Turla says. “There’s always more to do than you have time for.” To determine priorities, he advises asking yourself what positive things might happen if you make something a top priority, or correspondingly what negatives you might experience if you give it a lower level of importance. If you put in two hours on Facebook but only 30 minutes on math homework, for example, the next day’s results in the classroom may not be positive. To head off such problems, consider keeping a time management diary for a few days or better yet, a full week. Briefly record what you do each hour of the day, and then after the week has passed, go back and review your entries. You may be surprised at how little time has been spent on matters you consider truly important, and how much time has been wasted. After reviewing the results, use the info to adapt your daily schedule and make it more productive.

When you watch a movie, you know about how long it will take. But have you ever been immersed in an activit­y—whether it is solving a computer problem, writing an essay or just chatting with friends, and then lost track of the time? Try to avoid such lapses by developing a greater awareness of the passage of time. Since cell phones and other electronic devices include a digital clock this is easy enough, but it’s important to take the next step and pay more attention to time in general. If you’re taking an exam, for example, do a quick calculation to determine how much time you have to apply to each question, and then make sure you don’t spend too many minutes on some questions at the expense of others.

Be More Time Conscious

To help match Write Things Down the tasks you must complete with the available time, keep an up-to-date calendar and make “to do” lists. This might consist of a computer file, a

What happens if you take tangible steps to Limit Commitments manage your time more efficiently, but still feel that you always seem to be behind? The next logical step might be to limit your commitments. Typically this means cutting back on some of your existing activities, but it might also include saying “no” to new ones. If you work parttime and the boss asks for a volunteer to work an extra shift, for example, maybe you should let someone else step forward. If you’re tempted to enroll for 19 credit hours in one semester, perhaps a load of 16 credits would be more manageable. The same concept can be applied to your participation in sports, volunteer activities, or other pursuits. Limiting time spent with social networking, watching television and other “time killers” can also be a smart move. Certainly there is no single way to manage time

more efficiently. Different strategies work best for different people. But whatever measures you take, to play it smart with your time will be worth it for successful college studies as well as your future career.

1. Plan each day with a list of priorities on top. 2. Set realistic goals – They give you a sense of direction. 3. Study and work at your best time – morning, afternoon or night. 4. Avoid being a perfectionist, but take time to do a quality job. 5. Conquer procrastination by breaking the job into smaller parts. 6. Get plenty of sleep, eat healthy and exercise regularly. 7. Reward yourself for successes and achieved goals.

Where I excel is ridiculous, sickening, work ethic. You know, while the other guy’s sleeping? I’m working. – Will Smith

Set Priorities

Movin’ On

Manage Interruptions— and you will manage your time!

handwritten list in a pocket planner or notebook, or any other method that works for you. Not only will committing tasks and goals to written form provide important reminders, but the process of recording them (whether manually or in an electronic format) will help you in planning your days in advance. Also consider software or web services that help you in keeping a calendar or managing class work or other endeavors. Go to sites such as CNET (, which provides info on products such as “Studyminder Homework System” and WinCalendar for Windows; just enter “time management apps” or a similar phrase as your search term.


A Career THAT’S RIGHT FOR YOU! Follow these 3 practical steps to choose the career pathway for your unique personality, experience and skills.

1 KNOW YOURSELF Ask yourself —

What are your strengths? How do you like to spend your time? What special skills do you have? What type of future lifestyle do you want? Concentrate on your strengths. Be sure to check your perceptions—ask those closest

to you some of these same questions about you and compare the answers. To help you, look at the center of page 17–Movin’ On has a short personality style self-assessment quiz. Check it out!


on the career options that correspond to your set of natural aptitudes and skills.

To help you sort through possible career options, look over the 6 career pathways and 16 corresponding career clusters below on this page. Select one or several that spark your interest and imagination.

OPTIONS R esearch 3 EXPLORE & RESEARCH YOUR IfCAREER you are interested in engineering, talk to engineers—ask them the various

careers in the pathway or career cluster you selected.

what they like about their job and what they do not like. Do job shadowing and discover what a day in the life of a “lawyer” is really like. With your top choices, check the employment predictions and salary range with the U.S. Bureau of Labor. The BOL website has loads of information—even where workers with specific skills will be able to find employment. Because the best paying jobs will require education beyond high school, starting on page 17 Movin’ On has organized the hot careers by the education you will need, the personality types and the career paths.

Look these over and see what feels like you! AND REMEMBER– Education is the launching pad for your dreams and a solid investment in your future!

+16 Career


Arts and Communication Arts, A/V Technology & Communications

Movin’ On

Business, Management and Technology


Business, Management & Administration Finance Information Technology Marketing, Sales & Service

Health Services Health Science

Human Services

Education & Training Government & Public Administration Hospitality & Tourism Human Services Law, Public Safety, Corrections & Security

Industrial and Engineering Technology

Architecture & Construction Manufacturing Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics Transportation, Distribution & Logistics

Natural Resources/Agriculture

Agriculture, Food & Natural Resources

Web Sites to Help you Choose a Major/Career: Career Planning: Career Overview: America’s Career InfoNet: Bureau of Labor Statistics: Occupational Outlook Handbook: Education Planner:



CHART A COURSE TO A GREAT CAREER mahoning_insert_2014_vsFINAL_10-15-14.indd 1

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CAREER PATHWAYS In High SCHOOL! College credit may be earned in all CTE programs

Full academic coursework available–College in High School courses offered

Career Pathways

Manufacturing Tech/ Precision Machine

Learn to design and manufacture precision parts from simple pieces such as nuts and bolts to complex components.



Construction Arts— Communication Business Education Health Science Hospitality Human Services Information Technology Public Safety Manufacturing Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics (STEM)

IT—Programming/ Support Services

Study the application of scientific principles to design or develop structures, machines, apparatuses, or manufacturing processes. PLTW is an innovative, project-based curriculum.

to enter the varied fields in therapeutic services (STNA) as well as medical/ dental office procedures.

Health Science Tech Prep

Students will develop the academic skills necessary for clinical health careers preparing them to enter the varied fields of diagnostic services in direct patient care (phlebotomy, EMT, respiratory therapy, pre-nursing).


Buil & Re


The study of hair and nail care techniques with the potential to earn your Ohio State Board of Cosmetology license.

Study gethe bluep AWS

Public Safety


The study of laws concerning criminal behavior and the investigation and enforcement of the law.

A han lands

Aviation Maintenance Technology


Keep America flying! Learn precision aircraft technical skills necessary to become an FAA Certified Airframe and Powerplant Technician.

Study and apply the scientific and technical advances in biology and chemistry to develop products and processes for future use. A preprofessional program

Early Childhood Education

Automotive Technology

Learn to establish a safe and healthy educational environment that is developmentally appropriate for children.

A hands-on learning experience studying the basic automotive systems and maintenance of vehicles.

Medical Occupations

Collision Repair Technology

Learn the skills necessary for clinical health careers preparing the students

mahoning_insert_2014_vsFINAL_10-15-14.indd 2

Learn tems inclu

Learn troub & ana elect

The study of digital design, graphic communication and the visual arts.




Interactive Multimedia

Study the art of preparing and cooking with the knowledge of food science and an understanding of diet and nutrition.

A spo gram injuri

Study proce struc struc

The study of the use of computers and software to manage information including design, development, and programming of software.

Culinary Arts

Exer Athl

Learn structural analysis, damage repair, and refinishing of vehicles in a project-oriented laboratory.

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Learn ing s


EDUCATION PROGRAMS Career Development Programs:



mic th the ces in , EMT, ).


nd nd nd

Exercise Science/ Athletic Training

A sports & recreational healthcare program specializing in nutrition, athletic injuries, prevention, & rehabilitation.

Truck & Diesel Mechanics

Learn to maintain the mechanical systems and power plant of diesel trucks including using diagnostic equipment.

Building, Construction, & Remodeling

Study in a hands-on environment the process of building or assembling a structure to real property. Basic construction methodology is taught.


Learn the installation of wiring, troubleshooting, testing, measuring & analysis of electrical circuits for the electrical infrastructure.

Medical Assistant National Certification through AAMA Administrative/ Clinical duties Externship

Multi-skilled Medical Technician Patient Care Tech/ STNA Certification Phlebotomy National Certification EKG National Certification

Health Information and Medical Office Management Certified Medical Office Assistant Certified Professional Coder Certified Medical Billing Specialist

Study how to efficiently join metals together permanently. Program includes: blueprint reading, metal science, and AWS certification. A hands-on experience in floriculture, landscaping and turf management.


Learn basic culinary techniques, catering services, and event set-up.

Pharmacy Technician Technical duties Preparation and dispensing of medication National Pharmacy Technician Certification

Culinary & Restaurant Management ServSafe Food Safety Certification Externship Management skills

e es in a

mahoning_insert_2014_vsFINAL_10-15-14.indd 3

Adult Career Fire Academy

Career Enhancement Classes:



Machining窶年IMS Certification Welding/Pipe Welding Firefighter II Certification National Registry Fire Inspector Certification


studyms and

Certified Industrial Technology 2 Specific Concentrations

EMT Basic EKG Technician STNA Anatomy and Physiology Law and Liability Medical Terminology HIPPA Intro to Welding Pipe Welding Stick Welding MIG Welding Intro to Machining Blueprint Reading Shop Math

Hydraulics Electricity PLC Machine Shop Basic Mechanical Drives Small Engine Repair Human Resources Certifications Computers AutoCAD CDL Low and High Pressure Boiler

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Career and Technical Education

provides students the opportunity to participate in work-based learning programs. Work-based learning is an educational approach that uses the workplace to provide students with knowledge and skills that help them connect school experiences to real-life work activities. Through work-based learning students are able to see the relevance of their education and apply acquired knowledge in a meaningful way. Students are also able to explore career options, acquire real workplace POWERFUL experience and work readiness Work-Based Learning skills, thus expanding their at the opportunities for future CAREER & TECHNICAL career success.





Business Advisory Committees support Career and Technical Education programs by keeping the

Technical Student

plays an integral role in providing high-quality programs, in addition to fostering the development of a trained and educated workforce.



teachers and the curriculum current and relevant to business and industry. The expertise of individuals from business and industry


BENEFITS OF MEMBERSHIP • Career Exploration • Community Service • Leadership Conferences • Travel and Networking • Professional Development • Scholarships • Publications

mahoning_insert_2014_vsFINAL_10-15-14.indd 4


Mahoning County Career and Technical Center 7300 North Palmyra Rd. • Canfield, OH 44406 330-729-4000 / High School 330-729-4100 / Adult Education

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uct tape. After spending tens of millions of dollars and investing countless hours of research and preparation, NASA relied on a lowly roll of duct tape to help bring three astronauts home from space in 1970 after an explosion caused by a faulty oxygen tank damaged their command module. While it’s almost certain you won’t find yourself stranded a couple hundred thousand miles from earth someday, you will almost certainly encounter any number of unexpected hurdles and challenges along life’s twisting and winding road. One of the best ways to be prepared for the future is to have a solid educational foundation. After all, 98 percent of the highest paying jobs require a college degree or higher.

Before we look at some of the many opportunities that await you, it’s important to do a basic self-profile to help you uncover the possible career paths that fit your abilities and personality. Many psychologists and career counselors state there are essentially six types of people: Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising, and Conventional.

Quick Personality Quiz. How do you know which one you are? Look at the following

descriptions and see which type (or types—most people fall into more than one group) fits you best.







• Likes to study and solve math or science problems • Generally avoids leading, selling, or persuading people to do things • Considers him or herself to be precise, scientific, and intellectual

• Likes to do creative activities including art, drama, music, or creative writing • Generally avoids highly ordered or repetitive activities • Considers him or herself to be expressive, original, and independent

• Likes to do things to help people including teaching, nursing, or social work • Generally avoids working with machines, tools, or animals • Considers him or herself to be helpful, friendly, and trustworthy • Likes to lead and persuade people and to sell things and ideas • Avoids activities requiring careful observation and scientific thinking • Considers him or herself to be energetic, ambitious, and sociable

• Likes to work in a set and orderly way • Generally avoids ambiguous and unstructured activities • Considers him or herself to be orderly and good at following a set plan

After taking the Personality Quiz, you probably have a fairly accurate idea of the categories that best fit your personality. Check out page 16 and look at the six career paths and 16 career clusters that represent the key categories for nearly every job in the United States. On the next few pages you’ll discover a variety of jobs by personality styles, career paths, and educational levels. Some you may be drawn to immediately, others might inspire you to explore related choices. The good news is you have great resources at your disposal – including the Internet, your parents, your guidance counselor, your teachers, and the library – to study and evaluate how you’d like to spend the rest of your life. So, turn the page and start your journey to a future of opportunities! Arts and Communication Business, Management, and Technology Health Services


Human HumanServices Services Industrial Industrialand and Engineering EngineeringTechnology Technology Natural NaturalResources Resources and andAgriculture Agriculture

career 66career

pathways pathways

degree degree options options

less less than than atat least least 2 years 2 years 4 years 4 years

ASSOCIATE ASSOCIATE GRADUATE GRADUATE atat least least atat least least 2 years 2 years 5 years 5 years

Movin’ On

• Likes working with tools or machines • Generally avoids social activities like teaching or preaching • Considers him or herself to be practical and down-to-earth



Not a degree but a credential showing successful completion of a basic, core curriculum in many technical-vocational and other career fields. Usually a certificate is obtainable in less than two years.



Career Pathway: Health Services

Surgical Technologists are part of an operating team and work under the supervision of a surgeon, registered nurse, or others in the operating room. Prior to an operation their duties include setting up equipment and sterile materials, preparing patients by shaving and sterilizing incision sites, and transporting patients to the operating room. Learn more at


Salary Range for Surgical

Technologists: The median annual wage for surgical technologists was $41,790 in May 2012.

Salary Range for Computer User Support Specialists: The median annual wage for computer user support specialists was $59,090 in May 2012.



Career Pathway: Human Services

Fitness Trainers lead, instruct, and motivate individuals or groups of all ages and skill levels in various exercise activities and programs – especially cardiovascular exercises for the heart and blood system, strength training, and stretching. They also monitor their clients’ progress and adapt programs as needed. Learn more at


Salary Range for Fitness

Movin’ On

fitness trainers was $31,720 in May 2012.


Telecom Equipment Technician Accounting Clerk Security Alarm Technician Electrician Wind Turbine Technician

Career Pathway: Business, Management, and Technology

Computer User Support Specialists, also called help-desk technicians, provide technical help to non-IT computer users. They typically respond to phone and e-mail requests, visit client sites so that they can solve a problem in person, or work for large software companies helping customers use complex programs. Learn more at

Trainers: The median annual wage for







ARTISTIC careers

Manicurist & Pedicurist Webmaster Assistant Skin Care Specialist Auto Body Technician Plant Nursery Technician



Audio Visual Equipment Technician

Emergency Medical Technician & Paramedic

Medical Records Technician Industrial Machinery Mechanic Farm Equipment Technician



Career Pathway: Arts and Communication

Hairstylists provide a variety of hair related services which include shampooing, cutting, coloring, and styling. They also advise clients on how to care for their hair at home. Many keep records of products and services provided to long-term clients – such as hair colors, conditioners, and hair treatments – for future reference. Learn more at

Salary Range for Hairstylists:

was $10.95 in May 2012.



SOCIAL careers

Property Manager Licensed Practical Nurse Municipal Clerk Hazardous Material Technician Pest Control Technician


Career Pathway: Industrial and Engineering Technology

Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers transport goods from one location to another. Most tractor-trailer drivers operate trucks whose gross vehicle weight capacity (the combined weight of the vehicle, passengers, and cargo) is over 26,000 pounds. These drivers deliver goods across cities or states. Learn more at


Salary Range for Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers: The median annual wage for

tractor-trailer truck drivers was $38,200 in May 2012.




Interior Design Assistant Insurance Sales Agent Nursing Assistant Massage Therapist Heavy Equipment Operator


Career Pathway: Natural Resources and Agriculture

Surveying Technicians assist surveyors (who gauge distances, angles, and directions between two geographic points) and cartographers (who analyze and interpret geographic information) to measure and map the earth’s surface. Technicians generally handle detail work like collecting data and helping with computer-aided drafting. Learn more at


Salary Range for Surveying Technicians:

The median annual wage for surveying technicians was $39,670 in May 2012.



Sound Engineer Technician Customer Service Representative Dental Assistant Court Reporter Heating, Cooling, Refrigeration Mechanic

Movin’ On


The median hourly wage for hairstylists


associate| realistic

The standard degree awarded by two-year colleges and technical institutes (and by many four-year colleges) for completion of a program totaling 62 or more hours of required and elective courses. The associate degree prepares graduates either for entrance into the work force or for transfer into a four-year bachelor’s degree program.


Cardiovascular Technologists operate special equipment to create images or conduct tests. The images and test results they produce help physicians assess and diagnose medical conditions. Some technologists assist physicians and surgeons during surgical procedures. They also typically maintain the equipment they use. Learn more at


Salary Range for

Cardiovascular Technologists: The median annual wage for cardiovascular technologists was $52,070 in May 2012.



Broadcasting Technician Accounting Specialist Faculty Maintenance Technician

Magnetic Resonance Imaging Technologist

Environmental Engineering Technician



Career Pathway: Industrial and Engineering Technology

Medical Equipment Repairers work on electronic, electromechanical, and hydraulic equipment used in hospitals and doctors’ offices. Among the equipment they repair are patient monitors, defibrillators, medical imaging equipment, voicecontrolled operating tables, and electric wheelchairs. They also work on medical equipment that dentists and eye doctors use. Learn more at



Salary Range for Medical Equipment Repairers: The median annual wage for medical

equipment repairers was $44,570 in May 2012.



Multi-Media Technician

Computer Network Support Specialist

Diagnostic Medical Sonographer Paralegal & Legal Assistant Environmental Science & Protection Technician


Career Pathway: Arts and Communication

Web Developers are responsible for the design and creation of web sites. Typically they meet with their clients to discuss the needs of the site and the expectations of its end users. They then write code using programming languages such as HTML or XML. Learn more at

Movin’ On



Salary Range for Web


Developers: The median annual wage for

web developers was $62,500 in May 2012.

ARTISTIC careers

Marketing Specialist Dental Hygienist Preschool Teacher Industrial Animator Geographic Information Systems Technician



Career Pathway: Natural Resources and Agriculture

Veterinary Technologists typically work in a clinic, assisting a licensed veterinarian with testing, diagnosing, and treating animals. Some veterinary technologists work at research facilities where they monitor and record studies on animals that will have an impact on human health. Learn more at


Salary Range for Veterinary


Technologists: The median annual wage for veterinary technologists was $30,290 in May 2012.

SOCIAL careers

Public Relations Assistant

Human Resource Assistant Occupational Therapist Assistant

Funeral Service Manager Occupational Health & Safety Technician



Career Pathway: Business, Management, and Technology

Library Technicians assist with all aspects of running a library. This includes performing clerical tasks, organizing library materials, and teaching patrons how to access the library’s resources. Some technicians help plan special programs like story time for children or coordinating teen and adult book clubs. They may work in public, school, company, and university libraries. Learn more at



Salary Range for Library

Technicians: The median hourly wage for library technicians was $14.74 in May 2012.


Choreographer Physical Therapist Assistant Community Health Worker Solar Energy Technician Geological & Petroleum Technician



more at


Salary Range for Social and Human Service Assistants: The median hourly

wage for social and human service assistants was $13.87 in May 2012.

Administrative Assistant Nuclear Medicine Technologist Chemical Technician Nuclear Technician

Movin’ On

Social and Human Service Assistants – also known as case work aides, clinical social work aides, family service assistants, social work assistants, addictions counselor assistants, and human service workers –help clients to identify and obtain benefits and services. They also possible CONVENTIONAL careers follow up with clients to ensure they are receiving their needed services. Learn Social Media Assistant



A four-year degree earned by completing 128 or more semester hours of required and elective courses. The bachelor’s degree prepares graduates for entrance into the work force or for progression toward a higher degree.



Career Pathway: Industrial and Engineering Technology

Civil Engineers design and oversee large construction projects, including highways, airports, bridges, and water systems. Typically they first provide cost estimates for materials, equipment, or labor to determine a project’s economic feasibility. Many hold administrative positions ranging from supervising a construction site to managing engineering projects for an entire city. Learn more at


Salary Range for

Civil Engineers: The median annual wage for civil engineers was $79,340 in May 2012.




Construction Manager Computer Systems Analyst Biomedical Engineer Management Analyst Geographer


Career Pathway: Business, Management, and Technology

Information Security Analysts plan and carry out security measures to protect an organization’s computer networks and systems. They stay up to date on the latest methods attackers use to infiltrate computer systems by researching new security technology, attending cyber security conferences, and developing security standards and best practices for their company. Learn more at possible


Salary Range for Information Security Analysts: The median annual wage for

information security analysts was $86,170 in May 2012.



Technical Writer

Medical Clinical Laboratory Technologist

Training & Development Specialist

Environmental Engineer Geological Engineer


Career Pathway: Arts and Communication

Fundraisers develop strategies for nonprofit organizations to meet financial goals through donated funds. They raise money by identifying and contacting potential donors, applying for grants, hosting fundraising events, and overseeing public relations campaigns. They also design promotional materials and increase awareness of an organization’s work, goals, and financial needs. Learn more at


Salary Range for Fundraisers:

The median annual wage for fundraisers Movin’ On

was $50,680 in May 2012.



ARTISTIC careers

Marketing Research Analyst Dietitian & Nutritionist Convention & Event Planner Architect Cartographer & Photogrammetrist



Career Pathway: Human Services

Preschool and Childcare Center Directors perform a wide variety of functions. These include supervising preschool teachers and childcare workers, providing training and professional development opportunities for their staff, developing educational programs and setting educational standards, assisting staff in communicating with parents, and establishing budgets and setting fees for programs. Learn more at


Salary Range for Preschool

and Childcare Center Directors: The median annual wage for preschool and childcare center directors was $43,950 in May 2012.



SOCIAL careers

Coach & Scout Personal Financial Advisor Health Educator Software Application Developer

Landscaper Architect


Career Pathway: Health Services

Athletic Trainers not only examine and treat injuries, they also helps clients and patients find ways to prevent physical damage caused by work- or sports-related activities. They can also provide on-the-scene care for injured patients or work with a medical team to devise an overall treatment plan for serious conditions. Learn more at


Salary Range for Athletic

Trainers: The median annual wage for athletic trainers was $42,090 in May 2012.



Career Pathway: Natural Resources and Agriculture

Petroleum Engineers develop methods and design equipment for extracting oil and gas from deposits below the earth’s surface. In addition to drilling, their efforts include injecting water, chemicals, or steam to force out oil. They also make sure that wells are tested and that oil field equipment is maintained properly. Learn more at


Salary Range for Petroleum Engineers: The median annual wage for petroleum

engineers was $130,280 in May 2012.



Communication Director Cost Estimator

Medical & Health Service Manager Social & Community Service Manager Logistician

Movin’ On



Interpreter & Translator Operations Research Analyst Mental Health Social Worker Systems Software Developer Environmental Scientist


GRADUATE| realistic

A master’s degree is usually earned by an additional two years (36 or more semester hours) of study beyond a bachelor’s degree. A postgraduate degree above the master’s typically requires an additional two years (60 or more semester hours) of study. Some professional degrees include the M.D. (doctor of medicine), D.D. (doctor of divinity), D.D.S. (doctor of dentistry), and J.D. (doctor of jurisprudence)


Career Pathway: Natural Resources and Agriculture

Geoscientists study the Earth’s composition, structure, and processes so they can better understand its past, present, and future. They use both simple tools like a hammer and chisel and sophisticated equipment like radar and electron microscopes for their analysis. They also analyze data sources to locate natural resource deposits and estimate their size. Learn more at



Salary Range for Geoscientists:

The median annual wage for geoscientists was $90,890 in May 2012.



Audiologist Computer Network Architect Optometrist Rehabilitation Counselor Orthotist & Prosthetist


Career Pathway: Human Services

Genetic Counselors assess genetic information to identify patients or families at risk for specific disorders and syndromes. Their analysis includes reviewing family medical histories and studying laboratory results. For expectant parents they predict whether a baby is likely to have hereditary disorders. For adults they determine their likelihood of developing a chronic disease. Learn more at possible


Speech-Language Pathologist Computer Information Research Scientist Physician Assistant Mathematician Astronomer

Salary Range for Genetic

Counselors: The median annual wage for genetic counselors was $56,800 in May 2012.




Career Pathway: Business, Management, and Technology

Museum Executive Directors serve as a museum’s chief executive and operating officer and direct all areas of its operational, administrative, and program related functions. They also work with the museum’s various department to plan artist residencies, hold lectures, provide tours, create scholarships, and plan on-site and on-line events. Learn more at



Salary Range for Museum Executive Directors: Salaries for museum executive directors

Movin’ On

range widely based on the size of a facility and its location. In May 2012 median annual wages were


$49,590 with the top 10 percent earning more than $80,070.

ARTISTIC careers

Curator Reconstructive Surgeon Music Composition Professor Industrial Design Director Landscape Design Professor


FOREIGN LANGUAGE PROFESSOR Career Pathway: Arts and Communication

Foreign Language Professors teach courses in the language that is their specialty. They also develop instructional plans, work with colleagues to finalize the curriculum for a degree program, grade papers and other work, advise students about which classes to take and how to achieve their goals, and serve on academic and administrative committees. Learn more at


Salary Range for Foreign

Language Professors: The median annual wage for postsecondary teachers was $68,970 in May 2012.


SOCIAL careers

Accounting Professor Podiatrist Nursing Professor Industrial-Organizational Psychologist Conservation Science Professor



Career Pathway: Industrial and Engineering Technology

Biophysicists study the chemical and physical principles and biological processes of living things. They use instruments and equipment like electron microscopes and lasers to research cell development, human growth, heredity, and similar studies. They also prepare technical reports and make recommendations based on their research. Learn more at



Chief Communications Officer Economist Physical Therapist Marriage & Family Therapist Atmospheric Science Professor

Salary Range for Biophysicists: The median annual wage for biophysicists



Career Pathway: Health Services

Anesthesiologists provide pain relief for patients during and after surgery, for those with chronic conditions, and for women during childbirth. They closely monitor life signs like body temperature, blood pressure, heart rate, and breathing to make sure the person they’re treating is doing well physically during their medical procedure. Learn more at


Salary Range for

Anesthesiologists: The median annual wage for anesthesiologists was $431,977 in May 2012.



Anthropologist & Archeologist Survey Researcher Political Scientist Statistician Veterinarian

Movin’ On


was $81,480 in May 2012.

25 Information for this article was conducted online and came from various sources, including the Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Outlook Handbook.


ollege offers a ton of opportunities. Most of them are good, but be wary of one that’s not a plus: the chance to go deeply into debt. For many college students, a disappointing situation develops. At the same time they are studying to prepare for a productive future, they find themselves falling into debt. By the time they graduate, too many students owe big bucks for student loans, credit card purchases or other spending. It doesn’t have to be that way. With the right approach, you can be debt-free at graduation. Or if you must end up owing money, you can play it smart and keep the terms reasonable. Here are several alternatives for coming out a financial winner as you make your way through college.


One of the best ways to save on college costs is to attend a two-year college. This might mean earning a certificate or associate degree and getting a quick start in the workforce. Or it may involve attending an inexpensive two-year college for a year or two, and then transferring to a four-year college or university. Either way, you win. According to the American Association of Community Colleges, a year’s tuition at a public two-year college averages $3,260 – a fraction of the cost of attending a four-year school. If a bachelor degree or higher is your ultimate goal, one possibility is to earn a two-year degree, get a full-time job, and then pursue a four-year degree as a part-time student. It might take you longer, but you’ll save money in the long run. And many employers provide benefits that include support for tuition. 30

More and more students are taking out student loans these days, and the amounts can really add up as interest is assessed along with the amount borrowed. They are especially common at high cost private colleges, but students in less expensive two-year colleges also take out loans. To the extent possible, avoid this kind of borrowing. A better path in the long run is to work part-time off-campus, serve as a work study student, or obtain scholarships. If you must borrow money be smart about it. Stafford loans or other government backed loans are your best bet. “A debt-free education is unrealistic for most, but proper debt management is a better course of action,” says Reecy Aresty, a college admissions and financial aid expert based in Boca Raton, Florida. “Taking out a subsidized Stafford loan is highly recommended, because the payback (around 4.66%) is a smart way to borrow money as long as you understand the consequences of managing your bills after college.” To qualify for such a loan, you must apply for Federal student aid. To find out how, contact a high school counselor or college financial aid office. You can also get all the details at For any expenses, school related or not, avoid high interest loans. Never apply for a loan at a “payday loan” company or a firm that uses a car title as collateral. The interest rates are so high some people think they should be illegal. If you are eligible to join a credit union, use it as a first resource. Or go to a local bank or other reputable lender. Check out these Scholarship & Financial Aid Publications • Paying for College Without Going Broke - Princeton Review • The Financial Aid Handbook - Stack and Vedvik • How You Can Maximize Student Aid - T. Foote • The Ultimate Scholarship Book - G. Tanabe •Don’t Miss Out - Leider

OTHER GREAT IDEAS: TRADITIONAL COLLEGE FUNDING • Federal Pell Grants Available to undergraduate students only. Grants do not have to be repaid. • Federal Stafford Loans Must be repaid and are available to both undergraduate and graduate students. If you qualify (based on need) for a subsidized Stafford loan, the government will pay the interest on your loan while you are in school, during grace periods, and during any deferment periods. You are responsible for paying all of the interest that accrues on an unsubsidized Stafford Loan. • Federal Plus Loans Unsubsidized loans available to parents. If you are independent or your parents cannot get a PLUS loan, you are eligible to borrow additional Stafford Loan funds. • Campus-Based Programs Administered by participating schools. • Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grants Available for undergraduates only; awards range from $100-$4,000. • Federal Work Study Provides jobs to undergraduate and graduate students to earn money to pay education expenses. • Perkins Loans Available to undergraduate and graduate students, these are low-interest (5 percent) loans that must be repaid. • ROTC/Military Many of these are merit-based and require some type of commitment to the award’s respective military branch.

“OUT OF THE ORDINARY” The first step is to contact your school’s financial aid office, but your search shouldn’t stop there. Here’s some ideas to get you started. • Ask your parents if they belong to a union, club organization or are in a profession that sponsors scholarships or grants (.i.e. police officer). • Contact your local chamber of commerce to see if hometown ”natives” have access to private scholarships. • If you are interested in a particular field of study like shade trees, jewelry-making, harness racing, teaching, nursing or law enforcement, try to find scholarships specifically for those studies.

A FEW MORE IDEAS These may take a little digging, but the reward can be BIG! • High school counselor’s office • Scholarship directories • School organizations such as bands, newspapers, academic clubs, athletic organizations, and service organizations • Community organizations • Churches or religious organizations • Local governments • Local businesses • Local newspapers

• If you were homeschooled, check with homeschool organizations to see what additional kinds of college funding are available. • Many companies offer scholarships for employees – even part-time workers, like Chick-fil-A.

to students. If you study the terms, you’ll find many “great In recent years, credit card providers have targeted deals” aren’t so great after all. college students in a variety of marketing efforts. Some even Take your time. When you feel the set up tables at registration or student orientation to sign you urge to make a purchase, pause. Unless the item falls within up as soon as you enroll in college. But beware. Even though your regular budget, let at least a day or two pass and then getting plastic is easy, it’s much harder to pay off balances reconsider if it’s something you really need. Often, that once you start buying. initial feeling of “I have to have this” will fade with time. If Even with a relatively low interest rate, direct charges and you can’t buy it outright, then simply don’t buy it. Save the the interest charged on them can build up to the point where, money for it and then buy it later. Defer mild gratification before you know it, you have a balance in the thousands of now for something tremendous in the future. dollars that will take years to pay off. And sadly, students Compare options. If you decide making a purchase or often find themselves paying interest rates of 15 to 22 percent applying for a loan is the right move, don’t consider just one or more. Then if you’re late on just one option. Check with competing providers to payment, interest rates can go even higher. determine the best deal. Even a few dollars Visit these Financial Aid websites: To forestall such problems, avoid using saved can make it worth the trouble. And credit cards any more than absolutely from a debt viewpoint, every dollar you don’t necessary. Keep the number of cards you have to borrow is less money you’ll have to have to a minimum, use them only for pay back with interest. important purchases, and try to pay off Pay cash. For all small purchases (and (FAFSA online) the entire balance each month. larger ones if possible), pay cash. Or use a Discipline is the key. It’s important to debit card, which amounts to the same discern desires versus needs. If you can’t thing. But avoid charging to a credit afford to pay cash or use a debit card, you probably don’t need to card unless you are able to pay your balance in full every make the purchase. month. Otherwise, the debt will add up before you know it. Remember — less debt equals more freedom BE SMART to enjoy your life. For smart money management, also follow these four tips: Be a skeptic. There’s an old adage that “if something sounds Did You Know? too good to be true, it probably is.” That credit card offer for Nearly 47% of undergraduates attend community colleges. a “low introductory rate” may sound inviting, but read the Lifestyle fine print. You may find after a few months, your interest rate “Food Fuel. Bleary-eyed students up late studying for exams skip will balloon. The same caution should go for everything from meals in favor of energy drinks and pots of coffee, need to focus on Internet service providers to vendors hawking merchandise fueling with lean meats, vegetables, fresh fruit, and milk or light yogurt.”

Movin’ On



MCCTC 7300 N. Palmyra Rd Canfield, OH 44406

Start Here – Go Anywhere

Mahoning County Career & Technical Center

You’ll learn alongside others who share in your passion, earn industry certificates, and leave prepared for college and/or a successful career.

So, the sooner you start, the further you’ll go! MCCTC • College and Career Readiness offers: • Quality Education • Career Focused Courses • Hands-on Learning • Industry Certifications • State of the Art Technology



MCCTC 7300 N. Palmyra Rd Canfield, OH 44406 330-729-4000 High School 330-729-4100 Adult Education

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Movin' On 2015 – MahoningCCTC  

Movin’ On presents to 10th to 12th grade students traditional and cutting-edge careers along with college information and “life skill” artic...

Movin' On 2015 – MahoningCCTC  

Movin’ On presents to 10th to 12th grade students traditional and cutting-edge careers along with college information and “life skill” artic...