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ARCHITECTURE IN THE FIRST HALF OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY

Adolf Loos (10 December 1870 – 23 August 1933) was one of the most important and influential Austrian and Czechoslovak

Architects of European Modern architecture. In his essay Ornament and Crime he repudiated (refused) the florid style of the Vienna Secession, the Austrian version of Art Nouveau

ORIGINS OF A MODERN FAÇADE ADOLF LOOS and the Steiner House, Vienna 1910

According to Loos, Art Nouveau had to be seen as yet another superficial and transitory “style.” A true style for the Times would be discovered when ornament was done away with, and essential underlining qualities of form, proportion, Clarity and measure were allowed to emerge unadorned. At


least, this was what Adolf Loos believed, and there was a Generation of later architects ready to follow a similar direction in the search for a supposed universal style for modern.

CUBISM, AND NEW CONCEPTIONS OF SPACE: THE INTERNATIONAL STYLE

DE STIJL


IN ARCHITECTURE

This contrast of bright color was set against the white and black surfaces to accent the structure of the Building. When a person looked directly at a building that was designed in the International Style of Architecture.

The interior of the International Style building was based on the use of boxes. Simple, clean lines kept the interior of the building structured, but cozy. The upper level of the building was designed to be a “universal space”

The Rietveld Schröder House in Utrecht Was built in 1924 by Dutch architect Gerrit Rietveld


•

Red blue chair, Gerrit


Rietveld came into contact with this artist's work in •

1918. Rietveld joined the De Stijl movement in 1919.

• Art Deco •

– The period termed "art deco" manifested itself roughly between the two World wars or (1920 to 1939)

Art Deco, interior of the Chrysler Building,William Van Alen, New York

Art Deco, ornamentation on the ceiling of Chrysler Building,William Van Alen, New York.


Art Deco, windows by Frank Lloyd Wright

Art Deco Furniture, Cupboard,1916, Ruhlmann

Art Deco, Interior, Ruhlmann

Art Deco, interior of the Alen, New York

Chrysler Building,William Van


Art Deco, ornamentation on the ceiling of Chrysler Building,William Van Alen, New York.


Art Deco, windows by Frank Lloyd Wright


Art Deco Furniture, Cupboard,1916, Ruhlmann Art Deco, Interior, Ruhlmann

ARCHITECTURE IN THE FIRST HALF OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY  
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