Vegas Cannabis Magazine

Page 1

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>>> WHAT'S INSIDE 10 Dispensary Guide 14 Priscilla Vilchis Interview Nanotechnology 18 Applying to Delta-8 THC Products


22 Endocannabinoid Dynamics Interview with Sunil Pai, MD

26 For What It's Worth Questioning a New Normal

30 Higher Learning: Flavonoids ------ ON THE COVER ------

Priscilla Vilchis


Photographed By: Thais Vieira

32 What's New with Cannabis 36 Heaven's Fire 40 Dear Mary Jane 42 Tales from the Crip 44 What's Good in Nevada 50 Tokin' with the Infamous 54 Daily Dose 58 Cooking with Cannabis


62 Resources


>>> Dispensary Guide CARSON CITY

Rise Dispensaries 135 Clearview Dr, #119 (775) 461-3909 Sierra Wellness 2765 US Hwy 50, Ste. A (775) 800-WELL


Green Cross Farmacy 510 W. Williams Ave.



Apothecary Shoppe 4240 W. Flamingo Rd, #100 Acres Cannabis 2320 Western Ave. Blum 1130 E. Desert Inn Rd. Cultivate 3615 Spring Mountain Rd. Curaleaf 1736 S. Las Vegas Blvd. Euphoria Wellness 7780 S. Jones Blvd.

Silver State Relief 1301 Financial Way

Exhale 4310 W. Flamingo Rd.


Essence 5765 W. Tropicana 2307 S. Las Vegas Blvd. 7260 S. Rainbow, #104 6410 S. Durango, #115

Essence 4300 E. Sunset Rd Ste. A-2 & A-3

Jenny’s Dispensary 10420 S. Eastern Ave, #100

Nevada Made Marijuana 3195 St. Rose Pkwy, #212 (702) 298-4820 The Dispensary 50 N. Gibson Rd, #170 The Source 9480 S. Eastern Ave, #185

INCLINE VILLAGE NuLeaf 877 Tahoe Blvd.

Nevada Made Marijuana 310 E. Warm Springs (702) 298-4830 Nevada Wellness Center 3200 S. Valley View Blvd. NuLeaf 430 E. Twain Ave.

Oasis Cannabis 1800 Industrial Road, #180 (702) 420-2405 Planet 13 2548 W. Desert Inn Rd.

Reef Dispensaries 3400 Western Ave. (702) 475-6520 Sahara Wellness 420 E. Sahara Ave.

Green 3650 S. Decatur Blvd, #6

Shango 4380 Boulder Hwy.

Inyo Fine Cannabis 2520 S. Maryland Pkwy, #2 (702) 707-8888

ShowGrow 4850 S. Fort Apache Rd, #100

Jardin Premium Cannabis 2900 E. Desert Inn Rd, #102 Las Vegas Releaf 2242 Paradise Rd. MMJ America 4660 S. Decatur Blvd.


Silver Sage Wellness 4626 W. Charleston (702) 802-3757 The Apothecarium 7885 W. Sahara Ave, #111 The Dispensary 5347 S. Decatur Blvd.


2605 S. Decatur, #107, Las Vegas, NV 89102

The Grove 4647 Swenson St.

The Sanctuary 2113 Las Vegas Blvd. North

Silver State Relief 175 E. Greg St.

The Sanctuary 1324 S. 3rd Street

Thrive Cannabis Marketplace 2755 W. Cheyenne Ave.


The Source 6877 W. Sahara, #8


Embarc Cannabis Goods 4035 Lake Tahoe Blvd.

Thrive 3500 W. Sahara Ave. 1112 S. Commerce St. Top Notch 5630 Stephanie St. Wallflower 6540 Blue Diamond Rd. Zen Leaf 9120 W. Post Road, #103


Nevada Made Marijuana 1975 S. Casino Dr. (702) 737-7777


Deep Roots Harvest 195 Willis Carrier Canyon

NORTH LAS VEGAS Jennys Dispensary 5530 N. Decatur Blvd, #115

Reef Dispensaries 1370 W. Cheyenne Ave, #1 (702) 410-8032

Blum Reno 1085 S. Virginia St. Mynt Dispensary 340 Lemmon Dr, Ste. A 132 E. 2nd St, #103

Sierra Wellness 1605 E. 2nd St, #103 (775) 800-WELL SoL Cannabis 275 US-395 ALT, New Washoe City The Dispensary 100 W. Plumb Lane Thrive Cannabis 7300 S. Virginia St.

Tahoe Wellness Center 3445 Lake Tahoe Blvd Tahoe Green 3930 Lake Tahoe Blvd Cannablue 2179 Lake Tahoe Boulevard


Kanna 5398 Sun Valley Blvd.

Reef Dispensaries 5105 Sun Valley Blvd, B (775) 238-3145


(California) Winter Greens Delivery (530) 562-7017


Greenleaf Wellness 1730 Glendale Ave.

Reef Dispensaries 195 E. Glendale, Ste. 3 (775) 293-4643 Rise Dispensaries 9650 Pyramid Way (775) 461-3909



WASHOE VALLEY Washoe Dispensary 275 Highway 395 South

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Concentrates This month, we focus on cannabis concentrates. For our feature interview, Jenn Walker sits down with Priscilla Vilchis, owner of Premium Produce and creator of the Reina brand of flower, CBD and now concentrates. Priscilla and the Reina team have been busy creating their phenomenal new rosin as well as expanding into California. Check out the feature on pages 14-15. This issue, we also touch on Delta-8 THC and how one company applies nanotechnology to their Delta-8 products. And, Curt Robbins interviews Sunil Pai, MD on the subject of endocannabinoids. Be sure to check out Deborah Costella's short story entitled "Heaven's Fire" which includes an infused Loco Moco recipe. As we are still practicing social distancing and wearing masks and many Nevadans are still out of work, please be sensitive to others. Many are experiencing things that others are unaware of. Being judgemental and unkind could prove to be the straw that breaks the camel's back for another human. Supporting each other during this time is imperative. We appreciate and thank all of our advertisers and readers for their continued love and support.

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CORRECTION: Within our August 2020 issue, in the article entitled "Stronger from Within", we inadvertently misspelled the CEO of Crooked Cactus' name. The correct spelling of her name is Taiya Thompson. We apologize for this error.

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CONTRIBUTING WRITERS Alixandra Laub Chef Garrick Umland Curt Robbins Deborah Costella Ed Note Hopper Stone Janelle Johngrass Jennifer Walker Linda Johansen

Mary Jane Dubee Maxine Fensom Mitchell S. Bisson, Esq Modest Jones Pamela Jayne Peter Jay Rob Ruckus Sharon Letts Shwa Laytart

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#VEGASCANNABIS #TAHOECANNABIS Vegas Cannabis Magazine and Tahoe Cannabis Magazine feature content about cannabis, hemp, and cannabis-related products and information. In addition, we feature articles, legal information and medical news relevant to the cannabis industry. All content within our publications and on our website is for educational and entertainment purposes only and should not be considered personalized legal or medical advice. Both the printed publication and the website are intended for those over the age of 21. In the state of Nevada, cannabis is intended for use by those 21 and older. If consuming, please keep out of the reach of children. Vegas Cannabis Magazine LLC assumes no responsibility for the advertisements within this publication. We strive to ensure the accuracy of the information published. Vegas Cannabis Magazine LLC cannot be held responsible for any consequences which arise due to error or omissions. Reproduction in whole or in part is strictly prohibited. All rights reserved. VEGAS CANNABIS MAGAZINE and TAHOE CANNABIS MAGAZINE READERS ARE PERMITTED ONE FREE COPY PER ISSUE. ADDITIONAL COPIES AND BACK COPIES ARE AVAILABLE FOR PURCHASE AT OUR OFFICE.


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>>>By: Jennifer Walker

Talks Reina Rosin, Family Support & Expansion in Uncertain Times

Jennifer Walker: It has been over a year since we last caught up with you. So much has been happening in the world, we hardly know where to begin! Your newest product is rosin and you also do a live resin. Do you produce this on site using your own strains? Priscilla Vilchis: Rosin is our newest product that we produce on site using the solventless method that we learned from some of the best hash makers. We opted for the solventless extraction method to be in line with our goal of creating high quality cannabis. Our current yield from our flower is always 20% and above. In the eyes of many extractors, that is above and beyond the usual return on any product that goes through an extraction process. We process our trim in very exclusive runs — between 5-10 pound lots of trim. All our extracts come from our cured flower trim. We do offer an offsite live resin, the only difference is if we are creating a live resin collection, we are processing with fresh frozen buds versus our rosin made from cured, flowered trim. During COVID, I turned more marijuana into resins to conserve space in our vault. JW: What rosin products are available? PV: Currently available we have our prized strains: Wedding Cake, Strawberry Banana, Ghost Train Haze, and Cookies and Cream available at our top dispensaries. JW: Do you collaborate with any other brands when making rosin? PV: We have collaborated with some of the state’s top brands. Planet 13 TRENDI brand, Nevada Made Kabunky Extracts and City Trees have had an opportunity to process our fresh frozen cannabis. We have received a lot of positive feedback from these top extract brands, as well. JW: How involved is your family? What are the pros/cons of family involvement with owning a business?


PV: In my twenties, I managed some of Southern California’s top physicians, helping them navigate regulations and negotiate with insurance companies as a medical practice consultant. My business endeavors were very successful, and I was able to retire my parents about 5 years ago, around the same time that I initially invested in cannabis. Today, they are both involved in my business because they enjoy it. My father is the security manager

at our facility and if you’ve met my father before, he fits the role perfectly. Previously, he was a bounty hunter in Los Angeles. My mother oversees all our bookkeeping and previously worked in the same industry as I did, helping medical professionals navigate regulations and negotiate with insurance companies. My sister is our office manager and her fiancé manages our cultivation facility. They both just welcomed a baby boy a couple weeks ago. The first Vilchis grandchild! My other two siblings are not old enough to work with me, but I look forward to them joining the family business and bringing their bright minds to the table. My COO, Alex González, is basically my brother. We are not blood related, but he is my best friend and we have been through a lot together since we both invested in Premium Produce. The Vilchis family has been such a close-knit family that working together was inevitable. It is important to be surrounded by a supportive and loyal circle and that’s why working with family has been a very rewarding experience. We are building our legacy together and each and every one of us is invested in making sure Premium Produce and our cannabis line Reina is successful. We all share the same perception of work value, success and leadership, and familismo is an important cultural value. Familismo derives from a collective view in which family comes before oneself and it involves dedication, commitment, and loyalty to family. And this connection to family values has led to a strong company culture. I can’t think of many cons of working with family because they are my rock. We are all on the same boat in the middle of a storm and we all have a role in making sure we survive and get to shore. I wouldn’t be in this unpredictable business with anyone else but my family. Even my employees are like family. Pre-COVID, we would cater lunch, mostly every Friday and bond. Many of my employees are senior citizens and they are the most hardworking, loyal and appreciative people who care about my family as much as we care about them. During COVID, we had to furlough many of them for their own safety and it was a difficult decision to make. We are a mom-and-pop cultivation facility. We are Las Vegas homeowners. My siblings go to school here. We are invested in our community and it is something that definitely sets us apart from other cultivations. JW: How are you expanding in/into California? Dispensary, cultivation…? PV: When I first invested in Cannabis in 2014, people called me crazy. Now they call me a genius. In 2014, the legalization of marijuana seemed like such an absurd idea and many thought it would be just a matter of time for the federal government to shut down all cannabis businesses in the states that had legalized

THE LATEST it. Now, fast-forward to 2020 - in the middle of a pandemic, I’m expanding my business to my home state. Some people advised me to wait. They said that there might be another shutdown. And, I didn’t listen to them. I listened to my instinct, even though it is deja vu all over again and people are calling me crazy again. Risk is what I’ve known all my life, taking risks is what has gotten me this far. So, in a couple of months, we will have an 11,000 square foot cultivation facility in Lynwood, California. We will be growing, packaging our own products, selling Reina to dispensaries and also delivering straight to consumers’ homes. JW: We have that in common, we also launched in 2014, pre-recreational legalization. We love your instinctual motivation; it is so inspiring! What challenges have you faced with COVID-19? How has it affected you personally, professionally? PV: When the Governor ordered the shutdown, it felt like someone had just poured a bucket of ice cold water on me! There were more questions than

answers. Orders decreased immediately. Dispensaries were selling and pushing their own products, not many of them were set-up to do deliveries and we no longer had sales driven by tourism. Many of my team members are seniors and I had to furlough them immediately for their own safety and also because we had to make very difficult decisions to make sure the business would survive. We didn’t know how long this was going to last. We also couldn’t stop growing the plants because that would have cost millions of dollars so we started piling up our vaults and conserving space by turning the marijuana into oils and resins. The bills also didn’t stop— including electricity and $15,000 to $20,000 a month for plant nutrients, quarterly tax bills to the county and to top it off we were left out of the COVID-19 relief packages. But the most painful decision was furloughing 85 percent of my staff - that took a toll on me mentally. But I had to shake it off and be optimistic for my family, for my team and myself. And here I am now, ready to create more jobs while members of my team, who feel safe to return, are resuming their work at the cultivation.

JW: That is humbling to hear. In the spirit of moving forward, what do you have coming up in the future? PV: I’ve had to fully dedicate myself to the operation of my business, expanding the Reina cannabis and CBD line, and now expanding to California. I really look forward to returning to my mission and that is making marijuana reimbursable by insurance carriers. I have experience navigating insurance regulations and I would like to use my knowledge to help pass a law. I would also like to continue working to make cannabis a diverse and inclusive industry. JW: Where can consumers find your products? PV: Our cannabis products are sold at Planet 13, Nevada Made (Henderson, Laughlin and Warm Springs), The Grove, Deep Roots, Jenny’s Dispensaries, Curaleaf, ShowGrow and Euphoria. You can also follow us on Instagram @reinalv and @hollyweedqueen.


TRANSCEND THE ORDINARY Available at these fine dispensaries Planet 13, Nevada Made and The Grove. For use only by adults 21 years of age and older. Keep out of reach of children.

By: Nick Warrender

Applying Nanotechnology to Delta-8 THC Products

Nanotechnology is widely used for the production of supplements and pharmaceutical drug development because it improves bioavailability and speeds up the onset of desired effects. Aware of the effectiveness of nanotechnology, a limited number of companies in the cannabis industry are using nanotechnology in the manufacturing of their delta-8-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta-8-THC) products. How Delta-8-THC Interacts with the Body Delta-8-THC is one of the many cannabinoids found in cannabis, and has a lower psychotropic potency than its more well-known sister cannabinoid delta-9-THC (what gets you “high”). Much like other cannabinoids like cannabidiol (CBD) and cannabinol (CBN), which appear in small amounts in


the cannabis plant, delta8-THC is found in even smaller concentrations in both high-THC marijuana and low-THC hemp. Cannabis is full of an unknown number of cannabinoids that react with our body’s endocannabinoid system -- the biological system made up of neurotransmitters and cannabinoid receptors which respond to the chemical compounds found in cannabis sativa. To feel the effects of delta-8 THC, the cannabinoid must connect to both cannabinoid-1 (CB1) and cannabinoid-2 (CB2) receptors in the body. In comparison, to feel the intoxicating effects of delta-9 THC, it only needs to connect to CB1. Applying Nanotechnology to Delta-8-THC Nanotechnology is an

innovative process that causes delta-8-THC to be absorbed by the body faster and to have a faster onset of results compared to oil-soluble delta-8-THC. Nanotechnology takes a large oil molecule particle and breaks it down to make it more bioavailable, which causes one’s body to absorb more of the product without needing to consume a larger amount. Consequently, nanotechnology allows manufacturers to create high potency, high-quality products for less cost because less delta-8-THC is needed per serving. Nanotechnology emulsifies in liquids. Applying nanotechnology to cannabis extracts removes the oil taste experienced with tinctures, thus enhancing product taste and flavor, and improving the overall consumer experience. Applying nanotechnology makes it possible to produce a water-soluble product and eliminates the need for oilbased products. Pioneering the Application of Nanotechnology in Delta-8-THC As it gains in popularity, delta-8-THC is bound to disrupt the cannabis industry. Delta-8-THC seems to appeal to consumers looking for a product that falls between CBD and delta-9-THC. The heightened effects of delta-8-THC processed by nanotechnology are delivered

quickly, and doesn’t require consumers to consume a large amount of product. Lifted Made is the company behind the Urb Finest Flowers brand, which was the first company to launch delta-8THC nano drops. Due to the small molecular size of the delta-8-THC, and its water solubility, the product can be used either as a beverage additive or tincture. This is noteworthy because oilsoluble delta-8-THC tinctures need to be consumed sublingually, and will not be effective if they are simply added to a beverage. Lifted Made has also just launched delta-8-THC-infused nano gummies and delta-8-THC cartridges, both of which have received fabulous reviews from consumers. In conclusion, incorporating nanotechnology into the manufacture of delta-8 THC products creates products that are more potent than oil-soluble delta-8-THC products, become effective more quickly, and cost less for consumers. Lifted Made is pioneering this delivery method to provide consumers with the best and most effective delta-8-THC products for the costconscious consumer. Nick Warrender is the CEO of Lifted Made. To learn more about Lifted Made products, visit



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Endocannabinoid Dynamics Sunil Pai, MD Interview This article provides an interview with a licensed clinical practitioner regarding the important role of the endocannabinoid system (ECS), ECS receptors, and the internally produced cannabinoids anandamide and 2-AG. We also discuss how the ECS influences the healthy function of memory, cognition, and emotions and the critical role that it plays in motor skills and pain management. Sunil Pai, MD is an internationally recognized expert in integrative medicine based in Albuquerque, New Mexico and author of the critically acclaimed 2016 book An Inflammation Nation. He is a lecturer and a contributing author to medical textbooks and scientific journals. Pai is a practicing doctor who combines an evidence-based approach with 20 years of clinical experience. Each year, he educates thousands of physicians and medical professionals about the nuanced biochemistry involved in the administration of hemp-derived cannabinoids and terpenes for the treatment of a variety of disease states and conditions. Curt Robbins: Thanks for talking to me, Dr. Pai. Why is the endocannabinoid system so important to human health? Over what bodily systems does it exert control? Sunil Pai, MD: The ECS is a system inherent to humans and mammals that is part of the immune system’s mechanisms of self regulation. This occurs through the body’s endocannabinoids, anandamide and 2-AG, their degradative enzymes, and the ECS receptors with which they bind, CB1 and CB2. It was originally thought that CB1 receptors were located only in the brain and CB2 receptors only in the body. We now understand that both receptor types are present throughout the body, with different concentrations, or densities, in particular


areas. Each plays a similar, yet distinct, role with regard to the health of the cell or organ tissue in which it resides. CB1 receptors are predominantly present in the central nervous system, or CNS, where they are one of the most dense receptor types in the parts of the brain that modulate memory, cognition, emotion, motor control, and pain. To properly frame the topic, readers should understand that CB1 receptors are also found in the liver, gut, uterus, prostate, adrenals, and cardiovascular system. CB2 receptors are found predominantly in what doctors and researchers call ‘the periphery.’ The periphery encompasses large areas outside of the brain and CNS, including immune cells such as chondrocytes and osteoclasts, musculoskeletal tissues, gut barrier tissues, and all organs. However, readers must understand that CB2 receptors are also found in the brain, where they’re responsible for many important functions, including operation of the critical blood-brain barrier. Both of these receptors play a significant role in the early signaling of a variety of the body’s regulatory processes of defense and repair. This includes protection against inflammatory, infectious, metabolic, and other physiological imbalances. CR: Some medical professionals believe that many types of ECS receptors, well beyond CB1 and CB2, exist. What do you think? SP: I agree. The current research shows

that there may exist a CB3 receptor that activates the g-protein coupled receptor GPR55. And perhaps many others. Since the science and research in this field of immunology is expanding daily, new receptors will be discovered that likely will play roles that have either direct or indirect results within the human and mammalian endocannabinoid system. CR: The endocannabinoid anandamide has been dubbed ‘the bliss molecule’ by the popular press. Why is anandamide good for depression and some mood disorders? SP: The origin of the naming of anandamide was the first description of the molecule by William Devane and Raphael Mechoulam, as published in their 1992 study ‘Isolation and Structure of a Brain

Constituent that Binds to the Cannabinoid Receptor.’ Anandamide was coined from the Sanskrit word 'ananda,' meaning bliss, based on the chemical nature of the compound. Anandamide has been shown, via both formal research studies and plentiful anecdotal evidence, to relieve depression and improve mood. Interestingly, this mood effect can be achieved when anandamide is produced internally or when the same ECS receptors are stimulated by phytocannabinoids such as CBD. Anandamide or CBD from hemp or cannabis can be helpful with depression and some mood disorders, including anxiety. Certain genetic disorders involving polymorphisms of CB1 and CB2 receptors have been demonstrated in people with major depression and bipolar disorder. The ECS is involved with eliciting potent effects on inflammatory processes, which are known to be imbalanced in those with depression and other mood disorders. Thus, by re-regulating those systems through stimulation of the CB1 and CB2 receptors and pathways, we can help balance and heal these types of dysfunctions. CR: Is the model of employing phytocannabinoids from cannabis or hemp to compensate for deficiencies and underproduction of endocannabinoids like 2-AG and anandamide a wise approach for patients and wellness professionals? SP: In the hands of an experienced clinical doctor or wellness professional, using phytocannabinoids can be very helpful to patients. However a majority of what I see being marketed from companies, including multi-level and direct marketing firms and large corporate retail entities, are grossly misleading. The marketing of these products, through clever advertising, endorsements, and testimonials, further blurs the lines between real clinical benefits and subpar results. Most brands are providing less than optimal products with little attention to the actual source of the active wellness molecules, phytocannabinoid and terpene

profiles, or a testing laboratory certificate of analysis. Social media has played a significant role in misleading consumers of phytocannabinoids. Influencers are using white-labeled products and posting personal stories, many of which are not validated. Consumers, unfortunately, are misdirected to perceive that CBD is a magic cure for all of their illnesses. CBD is the new fast-growth category in the natural products industry. We’ll witness, in the coming years, CBD being marketed for consumption not only internally or topically, but also as a buzzword to promote a variety of lifestyle products, merely cashing in on this marketing trend. Unfortunately, like most dietary supplements on the market, CBD products are being produced and distributed within a very unregulated system. Clinicians and wellness professionals who understand epigenetics also understand the role of inflammation and the dietary and lifestyle habits that are necessary to achieve optimal health. Phytocannabinoids like CBD and CBG can play a significant role in helping people manage their health. However, true health can be achieved only via improvements to one’s immune system, including decreased inflammation and enhancements to their microbiome. Only this type of holistic approach allows a patient to take full advantage of phytomolecules such as CBD. In addition, a solid understanding of dosing and things such as the biphasic response curves of many phytomolecules—including CBD and THC—is very important to achieve clinical results. CR: Research indicates that ECS receptors are the most common in the human body—yet they were discovered only as recently as the 1990s. Why is a serious consideration of the ECS and its mechanisms paramount for proper healthcare? SP: Unfortunately, the conventional Western medical education and mindset encompasses the body’s physiology, anatomy, biochemistry, and immunology—and the caveat that there

is a pharmacological drug that either stimulates or suppresses a specific function to treat a condition. It is important for patients, consumers, and doctors to understand that the ECS is much more than merely an on/off system for the signalling, or neurotransmission, of cannabinoids and terpenes. Rather, it plays the much more important role of managing many self-regulatory mechanisms that are important for true healing within the body, beyond mere symptom control. We are constantly learning more about the human body due to advances in neuroscience and immunology. For example, in 2016, scientists discovered nearly 100 new areas of the brain! We are just discovering the tip of the iceberg when it comes to how our bodies truly work. Another example is our understanding of the microbiome, which is in its infancy. This entire concept was relatively unknown only 20 years ago. Our understanding of the microbiome is expanding daily. Specifically, we are learning about the gutbrain axis and the interesting role played by ECS CB receptors, which seem to allow and regulate proper communication between the two. Curt Robbins is a technical writer and instructional designer who has been developing science-based training content for Fortune 200 enterprises for more than 30 years. His clients have included Federal Express, Microsoft, Sun Microsystems, Northrop Grumman, National City Bank, the J.M. Smucker Company, and USAA. Robbins has developed more than 600 educational articles regarding cannabis and its various health components, including terpenes, cannabinoids, and the human endocannabinoid system. He currently serves as Director of Course Development for Higher Learning LV™ in Lake Las Vegas. Robbins can be found on Twitter at @RobbinsGroupLLC and Instagram at curt_robbins_cannabis_ writer.


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For What It’s Worth Questioning a New Normal

I recently read Peter Jay’s Tales from the Crip article, Welcome to Normal, in the July issue and wish to thank Peter for that article. I hope more people read it as it made me realize it is time to stand up and be heard. Today, I’ll start with a question. Is there actually a clear definition of normal? I’ll use Merriam-Webster and start with the history and etymology of the word normal. ‘…was borrowed from Latin normālis "made according to a carpenter's square, forming a right angle," from norma "carpenter's square" + -ālis -AL entry.” Ok, that actually doesn’t help much but it is quite interesting to think that we took a word based on forming a right angle and put such connotations as “being of the sort or kind that is expected as usual, ordinary, or average, conforming to a type, standard, or regular pattern, according with, constituting, or not deviating from a norm, rule, or principle.” And “occurring naturally, of, relating to, or characterized by average intelligence or development, free from mental illness, and mentally sound” to it. And finally, I’ll close with a definition from the American Psychological Association, “…relating to what is considered standard, average, typical, or healthy. However, the term is most often applied to behavior that conforms to a culturally accepted norm, especially as an indication that a person is mentally healthy and does not have a psychological disorder.” (Emphasis added)

those who they step on. Do we really want this normal? Are we adapting mandates of social distancing and a fear of other individuals? Are we accepting big state-big business and technology taking the place of people as the new norm? I don’t want to believe that this brave new world is really what we hoped for?

So, how do we define normal in regard to what we are seeing today?

The human being may be one of ‘..the most resilient creatures on this planet’ however, it has been shown historically that the human being is easily manipulated, often hypocritically shepherded into various teachings, which many of those teachings have proven to be dangerous. Many of the ideologies people choose to follow are based on main media disinformation, charismatic speakers, and word on the street, much like the covid reports fed daily through the same channels and mass media outlets. I’ll not go too deeply into the fact that this new virus has become a major marketing tool spawning countless products and services that are being declared as needed and some mandatory to purchase. Much like some psychologists who diagnose a mental illness, so they have more clientele to treat for the mental illness they just declared. [See: Intoxicating Power of the DSM, by Ed Note] Create the illness, sell the products related to the illness. Great concept, too bad we are buying into it (pun intended) both financially and mentally. Peter Jay’s article exampled how easily the public is manipulated when it mentioned 9-11 and French fries. Yet it also shows how flippant they are. After all, I’m not hearing them called Freedom Fries anywhere. Fortunately, or unfortunately depending on your viewpoint, we have moved far from 9-11 and gotten back to life as normal. But wait! Did we? Post 9-11 we saw federal law change with great impact on our freedoms and movement.

Are we acquiescing to a new normal dictated to us under the guise of protecting us from the scourge virus, Corona? I’m not even going to bring up the question of whether this virus is the scourge we are being told to fear, if it was man-made for population control or to manipulate societies based on some more scrofulous agenda, or if it is just another virus that came at a convenient time. All of this is fodder for future talks. By this acquiescence, are we engaging in behavior that conforms to a culturally accepted norm or are we changing a culture that we’ll never be able to return to? Is this new norm a useful place to be? According to Stéphane Dujarric, spokesman for the UN SecretaryGeneral, the Secretary General, stated that “…the (Corona) virus is not only spreading sickness and death,” he said, “it is pushing people into poverty and hunger. In some cases, it is reversing decades of development progress.” I agree. It took decades for people’s dreams and promises of prosperity and happiness in the land of opportunity to see great elements of fluidity. Now, small businesses are indeed being pushed, even bullied, out of business by governmental mandates under the guise of ‘protecting us.’ I’ve asked before, “Who's protecting us from the Government?” Yes, I do agree with the UN Secretary General, we are being pushed into poverty and even more into a totalitarian dependence upon the government who is pushing us. We are moving more and more towards a brave new world. The media or whatever powers that are in control are using the virus to create a greater dystopian society, the ‘essential worker’ as opposed to the ‘non-essential worker.’ Call it what you may, it is clearly becoming those who live well and


One of the main tenants in a brave new world according to the famous literary novel of the same name, Brave New World, written in 1931, by Aldous Huxley, is to remove human relationships from society. Well, anyone who shopped in a retail store BC (before Corona) and then to the same store in what Peter Jay labels the “Post-Covid world”, (this label I’ll address later), will see that many people are now distant, unfriendly, some even rude and judgmental behind the mandatory or voluntary masking of society in public. I won’t debate here whether the mask is actually useful or not for health purposes. Is the new normal now to distance oneself from other humans and to accept that getting too close is dangerous ergo avoid contact at all costs? This mindset being imposed upon society, is not normal. Humans are not dangerous and interaction with others is no more a risk than other past activities. If making us believe otherwise is not a grand step in ‘removing human relationships’ I’m not sure what is.

We saw such laws as the Aviation and Transportation Security Act, authorizing the use of Transportation Security Administration agents at every airport and air-marshals on nearly if not all flights. The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act mandated major changes and controversy around privacy as it lowered the legal bar for the government to engage in wiretapping and other surveillance practices. The USA Patriot Act. And


of course, the main federal agency to emerge from the attacks, The U.S. Department of Homeland Security, created by the Homeland Security Act of 2002. The DHS absorbed and reorganized 22 existing federal agencies that deal with domestic safety, law enforcement and immigration and has promulgated regulations on everything from border security to natural disaster management. With all that said, an obvious and possibly the most intrusive new normal of post 9-11 is the use of facial recognition cameras on nearly every intersection. The implementation of 5G will show even more disastrous intrusions and the change of the world. What’s next, FEMA Camps? This 9-11 normal is a direct violation of the “…right of an individual to be protected against intrusion into his personal life or affairs, or those of his family by direct physical means …” as defining privacy [, 2006, para. 10] but alas we aren’t talking about post 9-11 normal here are we? We’re talking about post corona and the new normal being inoculated upon the people by some nefarious sources be they conspiracy theory or truth, under the guise of ‘protecting us.’ I have discussed the loss of personal liberties and rights under the lie of protecting society in other dissertations, so I shall not do that here. To accept that technology should replace anybody possible, to foster an “Evolve or Die” mentality is to evolve into an acceptance of reversing decades of development progress. The future is truly starting to look pretty dismal as Big Brother strengthens its foothold throughout the country, perhaps the world. And we are allowing this with atrophy and mindless obedience to mass media disinformation, hype, and fear. Much like the post 9-11 fear of all things Muslim, Arab, and South Asian, post Civil War profiling of people of color, post HIV fear of homosexuals, and now the fear of all people as they are likely carriers of the horrid Covid-19. To say, ‘Adaptability to Covid-friendly standards is the secret to success in our brave new world,’ is to accept that we must modify our lives and kiss our jobs goodbye. To say that we must adapt to this new norm, is to say, let’s just leave our lives behind and let the system create a new life for us and our friends, who by the way will only be our friends via social media as we will also accept that it is harmful to associate in person. Change is not useful if it doesn’t account for personal liberties, rights and freedoms, and stops your ability to pursue happiness and prosperity. To accept that it is ok for technology to take the place of humans in jobs etc. is to accept the Big Brother totalitarian mindset. It is just a matter of time before you are arrested for thinking against the state. Brave New World and 1984 although written years ago and before the public understanding of technology spoke out on the very things that are going on right now. Orwell, Huxley, and others wrote their profound understanding of the outcome of allowing technology and big governmental power to reign during a time when the masses refused to see it as possible, mainly because technology wasn’t that known and the government was still more of the, by the, and for the people. Now, during a time when technology is understood, widely accepted, and becoming more and more prevalent in our lives and governmental intrusions more obvious, we still refuse to see what is going on and affecting us personally and socially.

Although I agree that if today I don’t adapt and accept that it’s ok for technology to take the place of human labor or interactions I’ll be left behind. I say being left behind isn’t necessary and certainly not a good thing. Time to wake up and see where we are allowing the world to evolve. Technology should stay in its place, not take ours. It is not a good thing that movie theaters are being replaced with the plethora of streaming media outlets. It is not ok to label people as essential and non-essential nor to accept the lessening of human relationships aka social distancing. It wasn’t but a few months ago that we were decrying couch potatoes and insisting that people go outside and mingle. We were finding things for our children and families to do outside of the house, off the internet. Now, we are saying we were wrong? Now we are saying keep away from your friends and family? Interact only when necessary and be sure to keep 6 feet away for people are dangerous and a threat to your health and safety. OK, so back to our definitions of NORMAL. Have we determined that anything going on now in our society and others in any way could be considered as “occurring naturally” or even remotely “characterized by average intelligence or development, free from mental illness, and mentally sound?” Certainly, those who are buying into the idea that it is perfectly acceptable that “…technology should replace anybody possible” are not engaging in “…behavior that conforms to a culturally accepted norm…” I don’t want to be labeled as that guy who says everyone who believes and follows the narrow avenue of dos and don’ts being mandated and ordinanced has a mental illness or abnormality. Only that it isn’t healthy to blindly allow the long running culturally accepted norm to be altered not only at great expense but in such a way that is literally altering society, business practices, the economy, schooling, and family structure. No one has to agree, but please take a moment and really question what is going on. It will become obvious this is about divide, conquer, and control. It’s about technology taking the place of human relationships, jobs, and even personal understanding of truth and societal norm and big government dictating movement, business, and freedoms. And to now name this as the ‘PostCovid World’ is to recognize this change as acceptable since we no longer live in BC (Before Corona). Thank you but don’t welcome me to this normal. I’d prefer to be welcomed to a normal that has a more holistic and systemic usefulness. The normal being shoved upon us is scarily being ushered in and welcomed with open hands (although sanitized) to subjugate the minds, attitudes, and beliefs of the people. Let’s stop and think where this is going and don’t go there! Always in Spirit and Truth Thank you for taking the time to listen to me. I would love the opportunity to take the time to listen to you. Send your feedback via: editoremeritus@ Ed Note is the Associate Editor Emeritus at Total Thought Enterprises, You can visit his site online at


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BY curt robbins


Welcome to Higher Learning, the series that explains the nuanced biochemistry of the cannabis plant with a focus on peer-reviewed research evidence. The first topic in this new series is flavonoids, the compounds that produce pigmentation for cannabis for a variety of purposes within the herb. When consumed by humans, these same molecules have been shown to result in sometimes stunning wellness benefits. Flavonoids, sometimes called bioflavonoids, are one of the three major families of wellness molecules produced by cannabis—the others being terpenes and cannabinoids. The lack of attention to flavonoids by the cannabis and hemp industries and the scientific community at large has inspired some thought leaders to label these chemical compounds “the red headed stepchildren of phytomolecules.” Flavonoids are a diverse group of organic plant chemicals found in a large number of flowers, fruits, and vegetables. These special compounds are responsible for the sometimes vivid colors of the plants that produce them (especially within the flowers) and have, as revealed by a wide range of peer-reviewed research studies, demonstrated significant medicinal efficacy, including anticancer, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant benefits. Cannflavins Like terpenes, flavonoids are produced by a large number of plants in nature beyond cannabis and hemp. In fact, tens of thousands of plant species collectively produce more than 6,000 types of flavonoids. Of these, about 20 appear in the cannabis genome, or DNA. Within this set of 20 is a small subset of flavonoids that is produced exclusively by cannabis that is called cannflavins. Of the cannflavins, cannflavin A, cannflavin B, and cannflavin C are the most studied and commonly cited. Cannflavin A and B were discovered in 1986, while Cannflavin C was identified in 2008. According to a 2018 study published in the Swiss journal Plants, individual plant species, including cannabis and its thousands of cultivars and chemotypes, feature distinct mixes of flavonoids within discernable profiles—just as they also feature various profiles of both terpenes and cannabinoids.


“Each [plant] species synthesizes specific flavonoid subgroups, which constitute chemical signatures expressing the biodiversity of these phytochemicals and the specialization acquired by each [plant] species during evolution,” reported the research

study. Despite their large variety, all flavonoids feature the same biosynthetic precursor, phenylalanine. According to a 2016 study published in the Journal of Nutritional Science, flavonoids are produced by fruits, grains, and vegetables within the bark, root, stem, and flower bud. They were observed to possess “antioxidative, anti-inflammatory, antimutagenic, and anticarcinogenic properties.” The study noted that flavonoids “have miscellaneous favorable biochemical and antioxidant effects associated with various diseases such as cancer, Alzheimer’s disease, [and] atherosclerosis.” Other flavonoids produced by cannabis include apigenin, β-sitosterol, isovitexin, luteolin, kaempferol, orientin, quercetin, silymarin, and vitexin. As a group, these organic compounds have been shown to exhibit a wide range of health benefits and therapeutic value for dozens of diseases. Providing Pigmentation The etymological root of “flavonoid” is the Latin flavus. Literally translated, flavus means “yellow” and is sometimes translated as “organic/natural yellow.” Despite the understandable and common misinterpretation of the root word’s meaning as “flavor,” flavonoids serve the evolutionary function in the plants that produce them of attracting pollinators and dissuading pests. Flavonoids just so happen to perform this function via the use of pigments. Their chemical cousins, terpenes, perform an almost identical evolutionary function, but accomplish it via pungent aromas instead of vibrant pigments. It is also terpenes that are responsible for most of the flavor of cannabis, not flavonoids. Both flavonoids and terpenes serve as siren songs for pollinating insects (of critical value to the propagation of a plant species) while simultaneously warning pests and predators to seek their meals elsewhere. Cannflavin Research Studies Cannflavins have demonstrated a range of potential medicinal and wellness benefits when consumed by humans, including efficacy for neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s and a range of disorders based in inflammation (including arthritis, Crohn’s disease, and cancer). A 2019 study published in the journal Biochemical Pharmacology explored the therapeutic characteristics of cannflavin A against the amyloid plaques that accumulate in diseases such as

Alzheimer’s. These plaques result in the destruction of brain cells, loss of memory, and—in advanced cases—death.

PHOTO Alejo Reinoso

The study noted that flavonoids “form a diverse class of naturally occurring polyphenols ascribed to various biological activities, including inhibition of amyloid β fibrillization and neurotoxicity of relevance to Alzheimer’s disease.” The study noted that cannflavin A displayed neuroprotective effects “associated with a direct inhibition of [amyloid plaques].” The research revealed that cannflavin A, at low doses, resulted in a 40% increase in cell viability (likelihood of survival). A 2019 study published in the journal Phytochemistry investigated the characteristics of cannflavin A and cannflavin B. The study observed that both flavonoids “exhibit potent antiinflammatory activity in various animal cell models.” Flavonoid Research Studies The flavonoids produced by cannabis/hemp and thousands of other plant species have been shown to possess a range of medicinal qualities, including anti-inflammation, anticancer, and antioxidant properties. A number of peer-reviewed research studies illustrate the biochemical attributes of a variety of flavonoids produced by cannabis. A 2019 study published in the journal Frontiers in Oncology demonstrated the anticancer potential of flavonoids. It found that a new flavonoid that the researchers coined “FBL-03G” was effective in killing pancreatic cancer cells. “The use of 4 μM of FBL-03G was more effective in killing pancreatic cancer cells than 4 Gy of radiotherapy,” reported the study’s authors. The research also explored the underlying mechanisms responsible for the death of pancreatic cancer cells. “FBL-03G can induce apoptosis and inhibit cancer cell proliferation,” reported the study’s authors. The researchers concluded that the FBL-03G flavonoid “demonstrates significant therapy potential in the treatment of pancreatic cancer.” A 2013 study published in the journal Experimental and Clinical Sciences investigated the antioxidant qualities of flavonoids and noted their “antiviral, antiallergic, antiplatelet, anti-inflammatory, antitumor, and antioxidant activities.” Reported the study, “investigations have focused on the healthpromoting effects and antioxidant activities of flavonoids, particularly their role in the chemoprevention of cancer.” A 2013 study published in The Scientific World Journal explored the biochemical characteristics of flavonoids, especially their ability to deliver antioxidant traits. It reported that flavonoids provide many wellness benefits for humans, but that “the best described property of almost every group of flavonoids is their capacity to act as antioxidants.” The study also pointed out the anticancer efficacy of some flavonoids. Quercetin, for example, has been shown to “produce cell cycle arrest in proliferating lymphoid [cancer] cells.”

The study’s authors noted that “quercetin exerted growthinhibitory effects on several malignant tumor cell lines,” including leukemia cells, gastric cancer cells, colon cancer cells, human breast cancer cells, human squamous and gliosarcoma cells, and ovarian cancer cells. The research concluded that the efficacy of flavonoids touches many areas, including playing the role of “hepatoprotective, antiinflammatory, anticancer, and antiviral agents.” Curt Robbins is a technical writer and instructional designer who has been developing science-based training content for Fortune 200 enterprises for more than 30 years. His clients have included Federal Express, Microsoft, Sun Microsystems, Northrop Grumman, National City Bank, the J.M. Smucker Company, and USAA. Robbins has developed more than 600 educational articles regarding cannabis and its various health components, including terpenes, cannabinoids, and the human endocannabinoid system. He currently serves as Director of Course Development for Higher Learning LV™ in Lake Las Vegas, Nevada. Robbins can be found on Twitter at @RobbinsGroupLLC and Instagram at curt_robbins_cannabis_writer.


what's new 1 Crooked Cactus CBD Crooked Cactus CBD began as a means for founder Taiya Thompson to find alternatives to traditional pharmaceuticals to help her special needs son. Not only does Taiya have passion for CBD as a holistic approach to helping children, but she is an advocate for how CBD can play an important role in improving the lives of people (and pets) dealing with everything from anxiety to insomnia to inflammation.

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Looking for a way to soother sore muscles after a workout? Dealing with pain, inflammation or stress and tension? The Recover Salve is infused with full-spectrum CBD hemp extract, beeswax, menthol, and soothing essential oils like lavender, lemongrass, wintergreen and pine. A wonderful way to relax, reset and recover.

with Cannabis 2

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Beauty and Wellness with Cannabis >>>> By Maxine Fensom & Linda Johansen

We are excited to launch our monthly column on health, beauty and wellness using cannabis. Who would have thought that we would be talking about the benefits of cannabis and CBD in beauty and wellness, right? It used to be that you just smoke cannabis. Now, you can smoke it, vape it, drink it, eat it, use it topically and put it all over your face and body. Products may be infused as full spectrum or isolated cannabinoids. Each month, we will spotlight a new and exciting cannabis infused product. This month, we are featuring CB-Dadi'.

CB-Dadi' Oil This has always been one of our favorite lines. But now, the award winning Dadi' Oil now contains CBD and this is something we use every day. Studies have shown that CBD may be helpful for muscle & joint relief, minor discomforts, and can help keep skin soft & supple. CBD also acts as a powerful antioxidant and can be anti-aging. With added olive oil, avocado oil and jojoba seed oil, this product is fabulous and you can use it on your body, face and nails. It will give you a youthful glow. Plus, CBD Dadi’ Oil rejuvenates from head to toe. Use it under the eyes after you remove your makeup or for chapped lips and skin. This product is sulfate and paraben-free. For more information on this or to purchase, visit Maxine Fensom is an Australian entrepreneur who has a big interest in all things cannabis. She is the founder of Las Vegas Cannabis Tours and the Sin City Chamber of Commerce and has been an icon in the adult industry for over 30 years. Maxine moved to Las Vegas 3 years ago and has a passion for health, wellness and beauty. Linda Johansen is an entrepreneur who has been in the health, beauty and retail industry for over 40 years. Linda is the founder of International Retail Management and has opened retail locations for brands such as Proactiv, Revlon, Instant Effects and Blue Moon Hemp. Linda loves CBD as it has made a huge difference in her life. She loves working out and it is a fitness freak.

HEAVEN'S FIRE The sugary, sweet scent of Plumeria hung heavy in the air. Her legs, long and bronzed crossed beneath her, as she sat in a circle of mostly strangers smoking around a bonfire. The four people she knew, she’d met only six days earlier. Her eyes made their way ‘round the group, and as always, landed on him. The young man she’d attached herself to possessed three of her musthaves; tall, good-looking, and funny; was clearly the leader of this rag-tag collection of comrades. Kit, charismatic and articulate, was the main guy, the one who, when he spoke, all other conversations halted for. Lydia and a group of sixteen college freshmen were in Hawaii on a geology trip, exploring the Big Island, off the beaten path away from most tourists. Mornings would be spent collecting samples of soil, rock, lava as well as metals and minerals, indigenous to the area. Afternoons dedicated to examining and recording their findings for review and summations when they returned to the Mainland. They had been instructed to pack light, which Lydia did not. After a mild reprimand, by one of the professors who saw her many suitcases, Lydia and her father miraculously consolidated items she couldn’t live without, into the specified one bag and one backpack. One of which was the old Polaroid she received from her grandfather specifically for the trip. “Lydia, I originally gave this camera to your grandmother for our first and only trip to Hawaii, years ago. She passed two days after we returned home. Guess Hawaii was the last item on her bucket list.” Lydia’s stomach tightened when she saw her grandfather’s eyes coat-over with tears. He noticed the shift in his granddaughter and looked away, coughing and sputtering. She did her best to squeeze away the water beginning to form in her own eyes. “Did you know it had always been a secret wish of your grandmother’s to take pictures then see them published in Life Magazine or better, National Geographic?” “No, Pops, I didn’t know that.” But it explained why the walls of their overstuffed mobile home were practically wallpapered with pictures of everything from family members to friends and lots of plants; leaves, trees and flowers. Gram was an avid gardener and photographer. She lifted the camera from its box, and ceremoniously hung it around her neck by the plastic strap. Then reached up and hugged her grandfather around his. “Now you behave yourself over there,” he said as he stood handing her a bag full of film.


Lydia watched him limp away, slightly hunched over allowing her

BY Deborah L. Costella

tears to fall. She knew he was ill, but unsure with what ailment. Every time she asked her parents about it, they told her not to worry, reassuring her he’d be fine. Inside the airport, one of the counselors gave the same lecture on safety and expected behaviors, then asked if there were any questions. Lydia raised her hand as she simultaneously spoke. “No questions, but I’d like to announce I will be the official photographer for this excursion. Thank you.” No one dared challenge her. Like her mother, when Lydia made a declaration, everyone who heard it, knew better than to object. After a long flight over more water than was imaginable, they arrived at an airport absent of walls. Only a roof protected the luggage carousels from the elements. Stepping down from the steps of the plane, directly onto the tarmac, they were warmly greeted by a group of beautiful and colourfully dressed locals. Their greeters graciously placed a lei around each traveler’s neck, with the phrase, “aloha a ho’okipa.” Roosters and chickens strutted about, indifferent to the presence of humans. The students gathered on benches lining the perimeter of the airport. Professor Krause began reviewing the itinerary, he’d just handed out, but Lydia was too distracted by the lush and vibrant surroundings to listen. Oversized Hibiscus plants in hues of red, orange and yellow, but nothing like the reds, oranges and yellows back home. A conglomeration of floral scents seemed to compliment and yield to one another, rather than compete. Lydia wondered what else grew on this enchanted island as her eyes moved from the rhythmically moving blues of the ocean, up the majestic, emerald green volcano. . . . Any questions? Or announcements?” asked Professor, looking at Lydia. Lydia redirected her view from the volcano to the professor and smiled. Shaking her head, she demurely replied, “No, Professor Krause.” As they boarded the shuttle, the group reflexively inhaled deeply as they passed the driver, who reeked of the overpowering, herbaceous scent of ganja. Conjuring verdant images of cannabis trees in Lydia’s mind. The band of future Earth scientists were broken down into groups of four. Mornings would be spent exploring predetermined sites followed by an hour of rest and a shower, before lunch. Afterwards, lab would take place in a hotel conference room. Two hours of free time was granted before a dinner of poi, laulau, kalua pig, too many poke to count, along with other island fare. Lydia looked forward to trying the Loco Moco, her grandfather had raved about. Lydia was happy to discover she and the three girls she was

PHOTO AMY SHAMBLEN assigned to bunk with were fun and easy to room with. She was glad they enjoyed having their pictures taken while digging, eating, even when unaware. She’d purchased four miniature photo albums at the hotel gift shop; one for each of them. “Memory books for the trip,” she declared. The girls squealed in delight, telling Lydia what a wonderful photographer and friend she was. The four hung out together after digs and lab time. None were interested in retiring to their room “for a good night’s rest before another busy day,” as recommended by Professor Krause. They opted instead to go adventuring; snorkeling, swimming with dolphins, all while eating their way around the island. “Let’s go for one of those shaved ices we heard about,” suggested Olivia. The others clapped in agreement, searching their phones for the closest shaved ice bar. That’s where Lydia met Kit. “I’ll buy,” came an opulent voice from behind. Lydia turned then froze, her eyes locked on the chocolate-brown pools piercing her yellow-green eyes. “Should we let him?” asked Kyra. The three girls looked to Lydia. She smiled back in answer. “C’mon,” directed one of the young men. “Check out our local spot. A log with our name and logo on it.” The girls followed their new and generous friends through the marketplace to the beach. The words, “Hawaiian Gold,” were deeply etched into an exceptionally long, thick palm log, each letter painted a different pastel color. The boys were friendly and surprisingly also educated in fields of science, though not geology. One young man focused on Agronomy, one in Applied Plant Science. Another studied Environmental Biology and Plant Stress, while Kit focused his attention on Ethnobotany; the study of plants as medicine. “So all us bumps on this log are scientists? What are the odds?” pointed out Kyra. “Guess our meeting was meant to be,” offered Lydia, spooning the icy-sweet refreshment into her mouth, as Kit watched her. The chemistry between them was palpable. After brief introductions, Akamai asked, “Hey ah, do you haole girls smoke da kine?” “Yup.” “Excellent. Then you’ll be interested in trying something we’ve been working on in our lab. We call it Keahilani.” “Does the name mean something?” Lydia asked. “It means, Heaven’s Fire,” Akamai answered.

“What do you mean, you’ve been working on it in your lab?’ “We’re cultivators. We have a greenhouse on Kit’s property.” The homegrown cannabis was unlike anything the girls had experienced back home. Colorful, tight nugs emitted the tropical scents of mango and pineapple. The flavor confirming the aroma. The inhalation smooth and painless, the exhalation tickling their taste buds then exploded in flavorful response. “Wow, this actually tastes good!” enthused Olivia. “The characteristics of the terpenes,” explained Likeke. “And good genetics,” added Kit. After a couple hours of smoking, talking and getting to know one another, the girls thanked their hosts and stated they had to get back to their room. “Sooo, maybe we can get together tomorrow night?” asked Kit. The girls looked to Lydia, “Sure,” she said. “We can meet here, at your smoke spot? Same time?” “Shaka” the four men replied, waving raised thumbs and pinky fingers. The girls kept their promise, spending time with their new-found friends nightly. But after five days of digs, studies and adventuring around the island Sybil began complaining about feeling homesick. “I think I’m going to stay in tonight,” she said, as they walked back to their room after an especially long lab. “Me too,” joined Kyra. “Lydia, maybe just text Kit and let him know we’re staying in tonight?” Lydia was quiet. What the girls didn’t know was that she and Kit had been spending time together on their own. They’d meet while the others rested in the afternoons sharing ideas about their chosen fields of science. Sitting closer and closer with each meeting, shoulders touching, then knees, until one day, standing across from one another, Kit leaned over to kiss her. Lydia didn’t turn away. Kit had been taking Lydia to his ohana’s coffee and cannabis farm, showing her the inner workings of cultivation of both crops. Lydia was most interested in learning about cannabis; which plants provided remedies for which ailments. That night he’d planned to show her how to produce the hash, Ikaika had added to the pipe of cannabis they’d enjoyed the night before. A strain the boys had created to help ease muscular aches and pains. Lydia thought about how it might help Pops.

She was looking forward to learning how to process the hash and other concentrates Kit's family produced. He said he’d show her how they used a rosin press to extract the essential oils from the plants to make a variety of consistencies. He used terms she’d never before heard: shatter, budder, sauce, crumble, and honeycomb; each gram of concentrate equivalent to several grams of raw bud. And which were particularly conducive to creating edibles. He’d also promised to have two large bowls of her now favorite Loco Moco. “I think I’m going to go. We only have one more night and I’m really enjoying time with the boys,” Lydia replied. She didn’t mention it would only be her and Kit. Lydia’s eyes moved from Kit to the fire, mesmerized. She had learned so much on this trip. Not just about the geology of the island but about cannabis concentrates as useful and natural medicine. After the embers of the fire faded and the crowd dwindled to just a few, Lydia rose to say her final goodbye. Kit drove her back to the hotel on his Vespa, her arms wrapped around his waist more firmly than necessary. Extending their farewell for as long as possible, they promised to keep in touch. Back in her room, Lydia fantasized about Kit and the world of botany while brushing her teeth. She was quiet on the flight home. At the airport she was met only by her mother. Dad was with Pops, who had been taken to the hospital earlier that day. “Mom?” “Yes?” “I’ve decided to change my major.” “Why? You love geology. Did something happen on the trip?” “Yes; something good. I do love geology. But I’ve decided to major in Botany. Specifically, Ethnobotany.” “Ethno-what?” “Ethnobotany, the study of plants as medicine. You and dad are always saying how I’m so much like Gram, with my picture taking. Now I want to garden and grow plants as medicine. I want to learn which plants might help Pops and others with ailments. “Plants as medicine?” “Yes, weren’t all medicines originally derived from plants?” Her mother looked at her and smiled. “You sure?” Lydia nodded. “Okay, let’s go see Pops. He’s been asking for you.”


INFUSED LOCO MOCO INGREDIENTS 2 cups long-grain white rice 1 cup water 1 ½ cups infused chicken broth 1 lb. ground beef – 15-20 % fat 2 tsp each – salt & pepper ½ cup diced Maui onion - divided 2 cloves garlic - minced 1 tsp each – soy and Worcestershire sauces 1 ½ cups beef broth 1 Tbsp infused canola oil 2 tsp infused olive oil 1 Tbsp canna-butter 1 Tbsp flour 1 cup infused beef broth 4 eggs 2 scallions – minced RICE Rinse rice under cool water until water runs clear. Cook rice according to package directions, using 1 cup water and 1 ½ cups infused broth. Cover and keep warm. BURGERS In a mixing bowl, combine beef, salt, pepper, ¼ cup of onion, garlic, soy and Worcestershire sauce. Form into four patties. Heat canola oil in a skillet, when shimmery add patties and cover. Cook approximately 4 minutes on each side. Remove from the skillet, set on plate and loosely cover with foil to keep warm. GRAVY In the same skillet, add olive oil and canna-butter. When melted add remaining onion, cook until soft. Whisk in flour, cooking for about 3 minutes. Slowly whisk in beef broth, bring to a boil, cooking until thickened and reduced. Season to taste with salt and pepper. Cover and keep warm EGGS Cook all four eggs over-easy. To Serve: Divide rice between four shallow bowls, top each with burger patty, gravy and an egg. Garnish with scallions


Tinctures • Topicals Moisturizers




Dear Mary Jane, In your opinion, what effect will all of this Covid business have upon the future of society? Have the end times started? Apocryphal Alan

My dearest Alan, Yes, I am pretty sure that the end has indeed begun. What the hell, did you want to live forever? Eternal life might seem like a great idea at first, but I know that I would never be able to keep track of everybody’s birthdays and other significant events. So later for that. At first, I was going to address your concerns with a list of what things might remain the same and what things will change in our post-Covid world, but I am so sick of seeing articles like that online anymore. Of late, much like pigs in shit, the media is just gloom, doom and presidential elections; this is not now, nor will it hopefully ever be, a space for political rantings, conspiracy theories or stuff that isn’t cool. Let us return to the basics. I won’t lie to you, when this whole pandemic started, do you know what my biggest concern was? It wasn’t toilet paper, hand sanitizer nor Clorox wipes. I was afraid that my marijuana supply chain would be interrupted. That would have been very, very bad. Almost cataclysmic, as it were. Guess what? It didn’t happen. The marijuana industry made me proud by adapting its business model to fit the situation. For that matter, do you know which other organization really impressed me with its post-pandemic moves? The American educational system. They went from brickand-mortar to online learning and made it look easy. I am SURE that the transition wasn’t easy, but sometimes you have to fake it until you make it.

Do you know the one inherent strength of the human race? We can, and do, adapt to pretty much anything. Life, death, success, failure-we take it in stride. We find our happy place and we fight to get there whenever we can. Al Pacino made a great movie in the late 90s about a professional football team. It was called ”Any Given Sunday”. The fictional Miami Sharks were struggling to find their happy place, so Michael Corleone himself gave them a locker-room speech titled ‘Peace with Inches’. I knew a local high school football coach who used to play that speech for his players before game time. In honesty, I thought that was a bit of a sell out, but what do I know? That which we need for happiness is all around us, and it lives just a little bit beyond our grasp. Do you want to be happy, Alan? It is up to you to find and fight to get to your happy place. I promise you, there are not many people who are so invested in seeing you happy that they are all going to line up a bunch of strippers and ice cream and stuff like that just to cheer you up. You are on your own, my friend. People have been calling for the end of time since the beginning of time, so talk like that really doesn’t move me much one way or the other. Quit being a Debbie Downer, dude. There is still joy in alliteration and friends and Netflix. Covid or not, there is still much more positive stuff in this world than negative. I challenge you to find it. And put down your copy of the Necronomicon; Cthulhu is the friend of no mortal.


Keep out of reach of children. For use only by adults 21 years of age and older.


I've Got to Get Away! You know, since the quarantine began back in March, effectively killing time has become Job One for many of us. Any place worth going is doubtlessly closed, so what does that leave us with? In order, I have weed, TV, food delivery and my pets (two dogs and two cats). My biggest decision of the day is generally figuring out from where I am going to order my dinner.

Feast upon my reality, because there sure as hell ain’t much else to do.

If you are reading this, then I likely do not have to describe all of the benefits of marijuana. I know lots of people who are having issues with anxiety these days, but I can honestly say that I smoke too much pot to get anxious about much of anything. The house is on fire? Let me light this first before we leave. Understand? I have always considered it to pretty much be life’s WD-40. It is not so much an add-on as it is a way of life. So, that pretty much leaves TV to help me remain sane. I could detail all of the series that I have enjoyed on both Netflix and Amazon Prime, but I am pretty sure that we have gone down that road together before. Also, in the interest of full disclosure, I realize that relying on television to maintain some sense of normalcy in my life is by definition pretty abnormal. If you have gotten this far, perhaps you will grant me a little more leeway as I describe my love of cartoons. Counterintuitively, I feel that news and news channels are about the last thing I want to model my life after. If you listen to all of the talking heads on TV, our world in general is in a state of irreparable disrepair, and we should all just start digging holes for protection. I grew up watching Bugs Bunny and the Road Runner outsmarting pretty much any problem that life threw at them; for that reason alone, cartoons are like comfort food for me. Sure, some will call it animation, and that’s fine. So, with little further ado, here is a list of cartoons that a middle-aged man likes. Feel free to contact me if I missed one. be and back


South Park: to this day, I consider this to one of the most cutting-edge shows on TV, ever. The way that Trey Parker and Matt Stone consistently skewer social norms beliefs is reminiscent of “All in the Family”, starring terminal racist Archie Bunker, in the 1970s. Absolutely nobody is safe. From a blatant dislike for the LDS church to heartlessly mocking Scientology and Canada (and you know my position on Canada), I would imagine that getting roasted on South Park is probably some type of badge of honor for celebrities. Their take on Kanye

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West and his love of fishdicks is a particularly poignant tribute to the Presidential hopeful. The Simpsons: the original dysfunctional family feud! Speaking of longevity, the Simpsons have trod the airwaves for over 30 years now. They are the standard by which every other crazy family is measured. Homer and Bart Simpson alone are two cultural icons of a grander spectrum then even King Tut. Maybe you have heard of the King, and maybe you have not, but I guarantee that you know who Homer and Bart Simpson are. What instrument does Lisa play? You know that too, don’t you! They are the definition of popular culture, and I consider it highly unlikely that anybody will ever come up with a more enduring series.

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Family Guy: not that they haven’t tried! Family Guy is the slightly pungent evolution of the Simpsons. Nobody ever farted on anybody’s head on the Simpsons; additionally, there was no place for nymphomaniacs nor pedophiles on Spooner street. Peter and Lois Griffin are the definition of terrible parents; their children range from a dullard to a daughter to a criminally psychopathic infant. Despite everything that I’ve said, I adore this show. Seth McFarland, series creator, is so incredibly talented that it causes me physical pain. Witty, insightful and urbane, this show checks all of my boxes. While it is not as long in the tooth as South Park and The Simpsons, it’s been canceled and renewed at least two times already, so it isn’t going anywhere anytime soon. Honorable mention: Bob’s Burgers. The Belcher family gets the nod for most realistic family dynamic. As seems to be the case with successful animation programs, the role of parent and child seem to be quite inverted, which is probably why this show appeals to me so. Bob is a great guy who married a lunatic, which impresses me tremendously; I will tell you about my first wife someday. Feast upon my reality, because there sure as hell ain’t much else to do. Holler at me: Archive:





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Dispensaries SHWA

REINA Wedding Cake Premium Rosin

At first glance, I thought Wild Bill was screwing with me. When I cracked open the Reina Wedding Cake Rosin jar, I felt like I was looking at chunks of crumbly preschool paste. After further examination, it morphed into chunks of French vanilla cake, which is a little more on the money. Time to find out if Wild Bill was just testing me or... Well, I am happy to report Reina Wedding Cake Rosin is, in fact, premium rosin. Damn-fine rosin at that! Although I know you could use it on your next crafting project, I suggest that before eating it stick a chunk of cake in your dab rig and make a lifelong commitment to stoniness.

THC- 64.688% CBGa- 2.774% Caryophyllene- 7.185mg/g Limonene- 6.646mg/g Linalool- 2.424mg/g a-Pinene- 1.366mg/g b-Pinene- 1.155mg/g Humulene- 1.086mg/g Ocimene- 0.918mg/g



REINA Strawberry Banana Premium Rosin

I love the natural taste of fresh premium rosin. Solventless, this wax is made using only 3 factors: heat, pressure, and time. Everyone who makes rosin, fiddles with these three factors, fine-tuning their method until they find their favorite fluctuation that squeezes out what they are happiest with. I assume that they are pressing bubble hash, cuz that gets the most return, and makes a damned good clay for a fat natural dab. Man, this tastes and feels really nice. Makes me want to press some flower. It’s on!

THC- 69.491% CBGa- 2.273% CBCa- 1.325% Limonene- 4.496mg/g Caryophyllene- 3.542mg/g b-Pinene- 1.582mg/g Terpinolene- 1.412mg/g Myrcene- 1.403mg/g a-Pinene- 1.362mg/g Ocimene- 0.932mg/g

CITY TREES Disco Train Sauce


Now this is something special. Created to commemorate the relaunch of the City Trees brand, it’s limited edition, with only 500 jars made. This sauce is a cross of Mango OG and Ghost Train Haze, selected for their delicate, tropical terpene profiles and uplifting sativa dominant effects. Twist open the jar, enjoy that beautiful sauce, and you will quickly appreciate what City Trees has made. Available exclusively at Oasis Cannabis, Jardin, Thrive Cannabis Marketplace, Planet 13, Zen Leaf, and The Apothecarium in Las Vegas, and at SoL Cannabis just outside Reno. Get it before it’s gone.

THC-84.375% CBGa- 2.33% Terpinolene- 20.284mg/g Myrcene- 20.283mg/g Ocimene- 7.14mg/g Limonene- 5.249mg/g Caryophyllene- 4.036mg/g b-Pinene- 1.942mg/g Humulene- 1.584mg/g Linalool- 1.561mg/g

PRODUCTS OMG THC Great Basin Tectonic THC Distillate Cart


Terpenes aren’t just prevalent within cannabis, they provide the distinct tastes, aromas and savory flavor profiles for a variety of plants, including hops. Hops are responsible for the floral, fruity or citrusy flavors most notably in beer. But did you know that hops are also useful in combating anxiety, sleep disorders, ADHD, irritability and general stress? OMG THC combines the therapeutic effects of hops terpenes and cannabis to create their Tectonic distillate vape cart, rich in myrcene, humulene and caryophyllene for optimal benefit. A pleasant cannabinoid profile of THC, CBG and CBN also assists with anxiety, pain, insomnia and promotes a relaxed effect, similar to cracking open a Great Basin IPA beer after a long day. Combine the two, and you’re in for a paired tasting experience that’s unique and enjoyable. Cheers!

THC- 89.9% CBG- 2.754% Myrcene- 3.12mg/g Humulene- 0.97mg/g Caryophyllene- 0.41mg/g

THE CLEAR Blue Diesel Vape Cartridge

OMG THC Great Basin Icky THC Distillate Cart

EPC 5:1 CBD/THC Tincture

Well, it took just over 26 years, but they finally did it! OMG THC along with the fine brewers over at Great Basin Brewery have created ICKY, the first hop-infused cannabis distillate cartridge. So raise your vape pens and make a toast: Here’s to great brews and sticky nugs, and two shout-outs to OMG THC and Great Basin Brewery! The hops are CO2 extracted and added to the terpene profile for the IPA zing. Being a cousin of cannabis hops blends perfectly in this distillate and produces a synergy that bong-toking brew-hounds have been raving about for years. OMG THC’s Great Basin Icky is not only high in THC coming in at 88%, but it’s also high in CBG- 3%, and myrcene. Fresh off the bottling line, get these cartridges before they’re all guzzled up.

THC- 26.49% Caryophyllene- 4.99mg/g Humulene- 1.93mg/g Limonene- 1.78mg/g Myrcene- 1.74mg/g


“Five to one, in five...” well, you know the rest. All wordplay aside, the 5:1 CBD:THC Tincture by Experience Premium Cannabis (EPC) is renowned in its own right! This tincture helps ease anxiety, soothe irritability, assist in alleviating muscle tension and inflammation and helps with feelings of restlessness. With a ratio of 350mg of CBD to 70mg of THC per 14g bottle, this is an excellent option for daytime (2.427mg THC per 0.5mL serving) or nighttime use for relaxation. EPC is passionate about the wellbeing of people and the planet as their product packaging is biodegradable and contains no harsh chemicals.

THC- 67.942 mg/unit CBD- 345.768 mg/unit CBN- 1.792 mg/unit CBG- 1.629 mg/unit THC- 2.427 mg/serving CBD- 12.349 mg/serving Bottle contains 28 servings


I am loving this Blue Diesel cartridge from The Clear. I’m tasting a light blueberry essence and with a hybrid, that’s not always the case. Blue Diesel blends strains of indica Blueberry and sativa NYC Diesel to produce a relaxing, stress-free sensation of overall wellbeing. A sensation that is scarce nowadays. The Clear’s goal is to create “a perfect consumption experience.” They add flavor and terpenes, however, The Clear states they are organic, steam distilled, and derived from the cannabis plant and fruits. The Clear is also free from solvents and pesticides. I can dig it.

THC- 85.22% CBG- 10.86% CBC- 5.823% Myrcene- 10.71mg/g a-Pinene- 5.65mg/g Caryophyllene- 3.08mg/g b-Pinene- 2.58mg/g


THE CLEAR Black Cherry Soda Vape Cartridge


Sweet! The Clear is here! Lookie here. I’ve been sipping on this Black Cherry Soda vape cartridge as if it were a straw. Becoming evidently clear, is that the end of it is near, and I’m about to tear up, because I tore this shit up. I guess it’s time for me to get up and hit up one of my favorite dispensaries for The Clear replacement before I end up in the basement, wondering where my happy face went.

THC- 84.439% Limonene- 21.61mg/g Caryophyllene- 4.64mg/g Linalool- 4.27mg/g a-Pinene- 2.93mg/g





VADA Gelato 33

VADA Cement Shoes

If you like your flowers covered in trichomes and amber hairs, then you need to pick up Vada’s Cement Shoes. These buds have around 20% THC and a distinct peppery flavor. I would pair Vada’s Cement Shoes with some smoky barbecue or a nice spread of cheeses and meatscharcuterie for you foody brunch freaks. Don’t let the strain name fool you, Cement Shoes won’t have you feeling locked down. It has a cool, smooth jazz vibe to it and you’ll be feeling social, but in a chill, ‘good to see you’ kind of way.

THC- 20.23% CBGa- 0.34% Myrcene- 8.16mg/g Caryophyllene- 3.83mg/g a-Pinene- 2.36mg/g


Give me that Kush, that OG Kush! Vada is producing some of the tightest, brightest, and dankest OG Kush in the West. Roasting a bowl of these little jewels will remind you why OG Kush is such a popular strain. High in limonene, caryophyllene, and myrcene, these red-haired, forest-green nugs with shades of purple and lime green sparkle like RuPaul’s All-Star Drag Race. With a nice rounded profile, Vada OG Kush will have you feeling like Shantay, you stay HIGH AF! Needless to say, get these danky ladies in your house and let the show begin.

THC- 30.22% CBGa- 1.49% Limonene- 7.21mg/g Caryophyllene- 5.06mg/g Myrcene- 4.95mg/g

Stressed? Depressed? Looking to decompress? This flower is the perfect way to lift your spirits and ease your mind. A member of the Cookies family, this indica-dominant hybrid strain is not shy with the THC, but also delivers a decent amount of CBGa. With the anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective properties of these cannabinoids plus caryophyllene and the stress relieving limonene and linalool terpene factors, you’ve got yourself an earthy, Gelato 33 canna-treat. Bon appetit!

THC- 22.86% CBGa- 0.89% Limonene- 4.7mg/g Caryophyllene- 4mg/g Linalool- 1.53mg/g


VADA Cherry Punch

This pandemic has got me drinking lots of Kool-Aid lately. Mix 2 packets and 2 cups of sugar into a gallon of water, and put on that Kool-Aid smile. Oh yeah! I like to mix flavors, and this Cherry Punch tastes a bunch, like Black Cherry Kool-Aid mixed with Tropical Punch. So, What’s for lunch, yo? I already know what I’m drinkin’ and smokin’ today. Let’s get something up on the grill. We can drink and smoke Cherry Punch while we chill by the pool. To me that sounds cool.

THC- 24.08% CBGa- 0.31% Limonene- 8.1mg/g Myrcene- 3.16mg/g Caryophyllene- 2.13mg/g



REMEDY Bio-Bean Live Resin Diamond Sauce

Bio-Bean smells mean, and awfully sweet. It’s got enough caryophyllene to knock your nervous ass off your seat. Anxiety got you down? Well, it’s time to get up on your feet. Remedy’s Bio-Bean Diamond Sauce is a real treat. Let’s dab this live resin, little buddy. I’m droppin’ some diamonds into the banger for you. Step right up.

THC- 84.9949% Caryophyllene- 11.52mg/g Myrcene- 8.21mg/g Limonene- 6.65mg/g

REMEDY/HYDRO STAR White Tiger Sky Resin Sugar


Similar to Jackie Chan and Chris Tucker in Rush Hour, this combo is a swift kick in the balls from Remedy & HydroStar! White Shark x Aloha White Widow has the White Tiger fish egg texture striking and smoking to perfection. Grab it now at Thrive Cannabis Marketplace in South Reno. Its sweet citrus plus earthy taste, and a flavor plethora of terpenes like terpinolene, myrcene and linalool with a high thc level, left me relaxed for hours watching episodes of Tiger King and Naked & Afraid in Africa while devouring boxes of white chocolate snickers. I prefer a glass on glass banger for the burning method. If you're ready to camouflage in your natural habitat, get ready, the search is over when the white tiger hunts ya down!

THC- 78% Terpinolene- 18.67mg/g Myrcene- 20.08 mg/g Linalool- 8.5mg/g


REMEDY Bio-Jesus


This isn’t the first time I’ve introduced this phenomenal strain, and hopefully it won’t be the last time. Bio-Jesus hits me so hard. Makes me say, “Oh my Lord!” With others blastin’ wax, that just don’t hit, Remedy got the shit, that’s too legit to quit. Go with the Bio-Jesus. It is said, If you can’t groove to this, then you are probably dead. So wave your hands in the air, bust a few moves. Run your fingers through your hair. Break it down. STOP! Remedy time. Move, slide your rump. This is a strain, you can’t touch. You can’t touch this. Now why would I ever stop doin’ this? It’s Hammer time Remedy, Bio-Jesus-Pure Bliss.

THC- 29.8192% Myrcene- 12.224mg/g Caryophyllene- 6.614mg/g Limonene- 4.668mg/g

KABUNKY Hendo Mendo Terp Sauce


REMEDY Blue Lemonade Sky Resin Sugar

It’s the end of summer, and you’re feeling blue. You’ve been locked inside, escaping only to the grocery store and to run a few errands. Maybe to work if you still have a job. It’s been an F*D-Up year and you could really use some cheer. Well, Remedy has the refreshment to quench your 2020 frustrations- Blue Lemonade Sugar. Now I’m not claiming Blue Lemonade Sugar will solve all your problems, nor is it a Remedy- but it sure as hell isn’t going to hurt! And in a year where even breathing hurts, we could all use something refreshing. Right now, Blue Lemonade Sugar is working for me.

THC- 77.9706% Caryophyllene- 7.75mg/g Limonene- 5.27 Myrcene- 5.24


When we come out of this craziness, I’m going to have mad joint-rolling skills. For this, I like to use Remedy’s Bio Diesel. I keep them thin and packed tight so when I spark it up, I can quickly burn it down and move on with my day. But I still get a quick break from the madness. Then, after I knock out a mini-goal, I burn down another freshly pre-rolled pinner. The trick is to grind up a bunch of Remedy’s Bio Diesel and spend five to ten minutes a day practicing rolling. Practice with Zig-Zags since they will most likely be the brand you work with out in the world, and when you’re showing off your skills, you want to be prepared. When you have a bunch of Bio Diesel joints rolled, you’ll be ready for anything.

THC- 29.818% Myrcene- 12.224mg/g Caryophyllene- 6.614mg/g Limonene- 4.668mg/g



Kabunky Terp Sauce is awesome. Hendo Mendo makes me blossom. How come when you hit it, you curl up into a fetal position, like a possum? Get up off the ground and clean up, man. Brush your teeth, and don’t forget to floss ‘em. How come every time I break out the fancy cookies, you always seem to toss ‘em? This terp sauce ain’t for twerps, Hoss. Take it to the head like a boss if you got some. I said it’s awesome.

THC- 81.7% Caryophyllene- 6.8mg/g Bisabolol- 2.4mg/g Myrcene- 2.1mg/g Humulene- 1.8mg/g Limonene- 1.7mg/g Linalool- 1.3mg/g

REMEDY Bio-Diesel


Kabunky #9 is like a good friend who’s always there for you, never judges, and always gives you thoughtful advice. Kabunky #9 is an excellent listener, and not in that creepy sort of way. Kabunky #9 doesn’t over-power the conversation, and sometimes says it all, without saying a word. Now I’m the first person to admit I need therapy, so when I need to get some things off my chest or try to figure out what’s going on in my head, I sit back on the couch and let Kabunky #9 counsel me through.

THC- 19.92% Caryophyllene- 6.27mg/g Limonene- 2.45mg/g Humulene- 1.96mg/g Linalool- 1.68mg/g

KABUNKY Face On Fire Live Resin Badder

Like creamy peanut butter, you’re going to want to spread Kabunky’s Face On Fire Live Resin Badder all over everything. With a smooth, rich caramel texture, and a deep full flavor of woody pine and sweet herbs, Face On Fire gets your body and mind feeling all gooey. A highly recommended healthy afternoon snack for those heavy hitters.

THC- 72.2% Caryophyllene- 36.8mg/g Limonene- 26.5mg/g Bisabolol- 11.4mg/g Humulene- 11.2mg/g Myrcene- 9mg/g Linalool- 6.7mg/g

Coming in Fall 2020 A full catalog of affordable hemp science training seminars and courses. Including certificate-bearing courses that integrate real homework, quizzing, student Q&A, and testing. All classes delivered via a safe and convenient pandemic-proof interactive video platform by technical writer Curt Robbins.


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Owner/Cultivator at Phresh Harvest 405 and Phresh Country Melts Hopper: How long have you been in the rosin game? Josh: Dude. Seven months, man. I had never washed a single flower to rosin. I mean, we were squishing flower but as far as actual hash rosin, Oklahoma opened my eyes to that game. Hopper: Tell our readers about your indoor facility, it’s a beautiful setup. Josh: We came out last July, looking for a facility. Oklahoma was still a little early in the game, and nobody wanted to rent to you when they found out you were involved in medical marijuana. So we found a spot that was just a dirt field. When I signed our lease, it was a dirt field. The slab wasn’t even poured. I talked to my landlord, and he built the building to spec. He asked what we wanted. I said 5,000 square feet, open box. Just an empty canvas, bro. We got here October 1st 2019 and hit the ground runnin’. I had a vision in my head. I started snapping string lines and hanging drywall. Hopper: The rooms are designed beautifully.

I’m out here in the Wild, Wild Midwest again to catch up with the homie Josh Nall, cultivator/owner of Phresh Harvest 405 and Phresh Country Melts. After checking out the indoor facility he built from the ground up and the new outdoor operation that’s off to a beautiful start, it’s no wonder that Phresh Harvest products are in such high demand in the Sooner State. There’s a lot of competition out here, and I’m stoked to see someone who has so much passion for hard work and


family life rise to the top. Hopper: Great to see you out here rockin’ Oklahoma! You came here from SoCal. How long did you grow there? Josh: I’ve been growing off and on since I was 14 years old. When Prop 215 hit is when I scaled up and grabbed 40 acres out in the hills. I think it’s been 20 years in the game now. Smoker, seller, grower- all aspects. You’ve got to know your market.

Josh: Thank you. I have five, twenty light flower rooms set on a perpetual motion. So on the hash side of things (being that you don’t need to run full term) you get better coloration. Some people do prefer full term, dry cured rosin. A lot of the people out here like the fresh frozen, so day 60-63 is an ideal time to chop. We’re set up to have five perpetual rooms harvesting every fifteen days. We’ve been averaging about 100,000 fresh frozen grams per, which is roughly 2 ½ a light on the dry side. I’m hoping to exceed those numbers. But so far, proof of concept, bro. It’s dialed. Hopper: What kind of press do you work with?

Josh: Low temp. There’s a few different brands, everybody’s got their own thing, but low temp is the tried and true. Hopper: Hell yeah. Are you running a Harvest Right? Josh: Yeah, the Harvest Right freeze dryer. It’s a pretty good bang for your buck. They’re on the top for their price point. Hopper: What’s your favorite micron to work with? Josh: 90. Hopper: There ya go! Josh: 90, 120 to obtain the fatter, juicier heads. Obviously, it all comes down to the cultivar. We get into a better genetic to wash better and get bigger, fatter scoops. But I mean that first wash…90. Hopper: Yeah, the 90 on the Ice Cream Cake is…wow! Nice, bulbous heads. So, what made you move out to Oklahoma? How are you liking it?

freezer. Explain that process for our readers. Josh: Fresh frozen is a little bit more of a delicate procedure. When you harvest dry flower you cut whole plants and hang them. Well, everybody has their own way. With the production of hash, you’re being as delicate with the plant as possible so you don’t damage any of the heads. So you go in the room, branch by branch, bud by bud, and cut them into a freezer bag and they’re immediately frozen. You have to be as gentle as possible. Nothing glamorous, it’s just tedious. 24 hours later, we’re soaking it. It’s in the ice, and on its way. Hopper: Plus you’re cutting out the cost of trimmers, etc. How many more hits do you get a year? Josh: Shit, three or four extra, at least. I actually hadn’t thought about it like that. Hopper: Besides the indoor facility, you also have an outdoor operation. Tell us the benefits of each.

Josh: The market, the opportunity. When we were still in California, I was presented with a shot at the legal side in Desert Hot Springs. It was run by this investment banker dude. Basically a snake oil salesman got me out there designing things. Anyway, he brought me here and showed me the market. The price to get licensing was reasonably achievable. I flew back to California, and couldn’t get Oklahoma off my mind. I started coming out on my own, moving forward. Opportunity kept presenting itself. I saw it, I took it, and I ran with it. Came back home, told my wife about it. She was less than receptive at first, but I brought her out and she saw how it was. Oklahoma is beautiful country, bro. Coming from California, yeah we have bitchin’ sunsets and there’s cool shit of every aspect, but you get to the Midwest and there’s full seasons. You get to see Spring, Fall, Winter. Summer sucks, but ya know, it's an opportunity. Opportunity brought me here and I love it. It’s America, man.

Josh: The outdoor is more volume. To be honest, this season is kind of an experiment. Back in Cali we were able to do some really good sungrown terps. Oklahoma is a little bit harsher of an environment. I guess I’ll get back to you on the outdoor, we’ll see how it plays out.

Hopper: Your crops go straight to the

Josh: Triangle Mints.

Hopper: How’s the weather for outdoor? Josh: So far, they seem to be taking off. They’re beasting out! There’s a lot of sun here. The wind is stronger. The bugs out here are definitely alien to me, but so far, so good. No infestations. You saw, it’s lookin’ good! The indoor is always gonna be good, it doesn’t matter where you’re at. It’s always 79 and sunny inside.

Hopper: Favorite strain to press? Josh: GMO. Hopper: Nice, the trifecta! I haven’t been able to ask anyone else all three of those. Hopper: You and your wife make a great team. Tell us about Pharmers Daughter Edibles and what it’s like to be a ‘Canna Couple’. Josh: Great question. So, my wife is a phenomenal cook. She wasn’t as heavily involved in the cannabis scene as I am. Anybody in the game knows it’s long hours, no days off. So we started looking at how I could bring us closer together instead of drifting apart, with me being busy in the room all the time. I was like, hey why don’t you start infusing some things, and it snowballed into something we never imagined. She, hands down, has one of the hottest edible lines in the state of Oklahoma. Hopper: It’s great seeing couples work together as a team. Josh: It’s an opportunity for us both to rise together. We’re building something as a team, just like our family. We don’t come from any invested money or rich families. This is all self-made, self-paid. Hopper: That’s a great note to end it on. Is there anyone else you wanna shout out before we go? Josh: Fabian at TG Genetics Propagating Purpose podcast is definitely a good listen. Grassroots Cannabis. I wanna thank my boy Joe from LA Farms. The Almighty Lord above. My wife and my family for all the support. The people of Oklahoma for giving us this opportunity to bring what we do here and showing us support. It’s a beautiful thing.

Hopper: Here’s a 3-parter. What’s your favorite strain to smoke?

IG: @phresh_harvest_405 @phresh_country_melts_ @pharmers.daughter.edibles

Josh: Sour D.

Follow Hopper: @hopper448

Hopper: Favorite strain to grow?


Daily Dose

Apple cider vinegar infusions Apple cider vinegar (ACV) is a good base for salad dressings and preserving and pickling foods, but it’s also an age-old remedy previously used by our grandmothers and their grandmothers before us for hundreds of years for prevention and maintaining good health. ACV aids in homeostasis, helping to build the immune system, creating a place where illness, infections and cancers can’t dwell. High in Acetic Acid, it has proven potent biological effects. As detailed on, ACV kills many types of harmful bacteria, lowers blood sugar levels – fighting diabetes – increases metabolism, aiding in weight loss, specifically belly fat. It also lowers cholesterol and improves heart health. ACV also has large amounts of pectin, which is a soluble dietary fiber, said to aid in constipation, with the acidity of vinegar acting as a natural laxative. It’s also said to aid in preventing and breaking up kidney stones.

Old Fashioned and Multi-Duty

cannabis flower into ACV in a cold-steep, with no psychoactive properties.

Benefits of Cannabis and ACV

Cannabis is a superfood, with hundreds of beneficial compounds we haven’t yet begun to explore. Inflammation, infection, antioxidant, anti-bacterial, the list of help from the cannabis plant is long. When steeped in a cold process, the tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) does not activate, for only heat activates the compound that causes the high, giving whole plant benefits in a tincture without the psychoactive effects. The compound prior to activation is THCA, and has a list of benefits of its own, such as anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective properties for treatment of neurodegenerative diseases, antiemetic properties for treatment of nausea and appetite loss, and anti-proliferative properties found in studies of prostate cancer.

My mother grew up on a farm and had farm-spun remedies from everyday household things – like using white distilled vinegar to wash the windows and mirrors; or using beer in the garden as a pest deterrent. It was common in a sustainable farm environment to use simple, common items in many beneficial ways.

In other words, you don’t have to feel high to get the benefits of the plant’s compounds into your endocannabinoid system for healing and prevention. The beneficial compounds are there, whether you feel them or not.

The recommended dose of ACV is one to two tablespoons for a daily dose of prevention, mixed in a half a glass of water or juice each evening either before meals or bedtime to benefit blood sugar levels the most. As a morning daily dose, take ACV prior to a meal to aid in the digestive process.

Chamomile has been reduced to a little cup of calming tea over the decades of plant propaganda, but the cute, little white flower actually has many of the same properties as cannabis – without the high. The unique application of chamomile is its ability to calm.

Too much ACV at one time may cause nausea, but this may be a symptom of pulling toxins, a side-effect of cleansing diets. Too much ACV overall may delay the digestive process, lower potassium levels and cause bone loss, and erosion of tooth enamel – so, keep to the recommended one to two tablespoons a day. For an added punch, I infuse beneficial herbs such as chamomile and cannabis into my ACV. After dental surgery (see blog on my website), I used chamomile-infused ACV as a mouthwash. Those who don’t want the high of an infused tincture, can infuse ground



Benefits of Chamomile in ACV

Chamomile is full of phytochemicals, the biologically active compounds found in plants, beneficial to human health. It also contains 28 different terpenoids and 36 flavonoids – the scent and taste where medicine is found. Like cannabis, chamomile is a superfood, meaning its beneficial properties cover a wide range of help for many ailments, including help with digestive issues, inflammation and pain, anticonvulsant, bronchial issues, sleep and anxiety. It’s also an antioxidant, with a 93 percent success rate in killing cancer cells in a laboratory study.

But, the most important benefit of chamomile for this writer has been its ability to treat anxiety and depression, as it’s said to boost chemicals in the brain that affect mood – such as serotonin, dopamine, and noradrenaline. Chamomile concentrate replaced valium for me, helping with deadline stress, quelling anxiety and aiding in my Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD); while lifting endorphins and preventing the dark days of hormonal depression via Thyroid disease and menopause. I seriously can’t say enough about chamomile. Add it to ACV and it’s a nectar from the Gods for symptoms on the Autistic Spectrum, and stressors of everyday life as humans.

ACV Infusion

¼ cup ground cannabis (or chamomile flower, or half & half) 1 liter Apple Cider Vinegar Let sit in a cool cupboard for one to two weeks, strain and decant. Can be used in cooking via sauces and salad dressings, used for pickling, or taken via one to two tablespoons before meals, before bedtime, or as needed for stomach upset. For more information on the benefits of chamomile, visit https:// For more recipes and information on chamomile and cannabis visit Sharon’s Apothecary page on her website, www. sharonlettscom/apothecary


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These images are of a cannabis product. Keep out of reach of children. For use only by adults 21 years of age and older.

COOKING WITH CANNABIS Back to Basics In this new series, Cooking with Cannabis – Back to Basics, we will discover what it takes to elevate your cannabis knowledge and cooking skills. Cooking with cannabis can be quite intimidating at times. Whether a first-time cannabis cook or a seasoned cannabis chef, having a sound understanding of your product will help maximize your result. This series will give you all the necessary information, along with the science behind it, to become a well informed and confident cannabis cook. Cannabis is a food-friendly herb, not only packed with various flavors, it can also be used to create textures in dishes. There have been over 100 terpenes discovered, this is what creates the flavors in cannabis, which are strain dependent, and each strain has a unique flavor profile. Choosing the right strain can help maximize the flavors that come out of the cannabis in a recipe and ultimately improve the cohesiveness of the final product. Due to the vast profiles of terpenes, we will discuss this later in the Back to Basics. For the simplicity of this guide, let us start by selecting a cannabis strain that you most prefer. If you are looking to feel energized and entertain guests, pick a Sativa. If you are looking to relax, unwind or fall asleep, choose an Indica. The cannabis can come in many forms, from shake, which is generally cheaper but less potent, to nice buds, often pricier but more potent. If you are a day-one cannabis cook, I recommend finding a nice bag of shake. Try to get an ounce, this will allow you to play around with different methods and give yourself some room for error. Once you have the cannabis you intend on cooking with, there is some science you’ll need to understand to maximize the effects and fully utilize the flavors of the cannabis. Gone are the days of just throwing a handful of cannabis in a pan with butter and making brownies. Cannabis, as the plant, in an unaltered state contains THCA, (the A means it


has a carboxyl ring) which is a nonpsychoactive compound. To utilize the cannabis, you must convert that THCA into THC, which means you are removing the A or the carboxyl ring from the plant material, this is a molecular change. Ultimately, the A on THCA is a barrier between you and where you want to be. This process is known as decarboxylation. If you wish to unleash the full effects of the cannabis plant material (and I know you do) then this step is crucial to your cannabis cooking success. Do not worry, it is an easy process that you will be able to master following a few simple steps. Think of it as putting a flame to the bowl and inhaling, just on a larger and more important scale. Now that we know why we decarboxylate cannabis, let's talk about how. There are varying opinions on which way is best, most reliable, and most effective. Depending on the final infusion I am looking to create, I will choose one of the two following methods to decarb cannabis. No one way is right, and it really is up to you on the method you choose. Once you have decided, this can be how you start to develop yourself as a cannabis cook, choosing the method you are most comfortable with is most important. Please note, decarbing cannabis is a lot like making great BBQ, low and slow is preferred. Do not try and rush the process, you will destroy the cannabis product, ultimately having to start over. Both of the following methods are relatively easy, with the sous vide method being the most inconspicuous but requiring some specialized equipment. The oven method is the easiest, however, your housemates and maybe even neighbors will definitely know something is going on because the whole place is going to smell of cannabis. First and foremost, prepare the cannabis for decarboxylation. This should be done for both the oven and the sous vide method. Take your cannabis material and grind it up. Depending on the volume of cannabis material you are using, you can use the


standard grinder, or for higher volumes of cannabis, a blender. Both will work just fine and allow you to use a little for yourself as you are getting ready to decarb. The oven method is a super simple way of getting your cannabis closer to being an edible. This method will also create a darker more robust infusion because it is in direct contact with a heat source. The required equipment for this is finely broken up cannabis, a baking sheet lined with either a silt pad or oven proof baking mat, wax paper can also be used, a baking sheet, and an oven. I prefer to use a glass Pyrex baking dish with a silt pad for the most evenly distributed heat. A good rule of thumb when decarboxylating cannabis is 230 degrees F for 40 minutes. Not all ovens cook the same, if you feel your oven runs a little hot, drop that temperature to 220 degrees. Never go over 240 degrees F, at 300 degrees F the cannabinoids as well as the terpenes will be destroyed, resulting in nothing more than burnt grass. Evenly distribute the cannabis over the pan, and place in a preheated oven. First-time cannabis cooks will want to continually open the oven to check on their masterpiece- do not do that. If you really feel the need to open the oven, do it at the halfway point and give your cannabis material a little mix. As the decarboxylation process continues, you will smell the material change, a beautiful golden-brown smell of cannabis will be emitted from your oven, there is no hiding this process. Once the 40 minutes are up, quickly remove the cannabis and allow it to cool. The second method, also the one I prefer to use, is sous vide. If you have never heard of this process before, it is used quite frequently in kitchens around the world to cook a multitude of different things. In this case, it is a great way to preserve the freshness of the cannabis, and won't result in the darker more robust flavor decarboxylating in an oven. For this method you will need a vacuum sealer, and a big pot of boiling water. Take your

ground up cannabis material and vacuum seal it. When doing this, try and keep the bag and material flat so you get more even coverage in the water. Bring your water to a boil, pro tip, add a handful of salt to the water, this raises the temp of which water boils. Place the vacuum sealed bag in the water and allow it to decarb for an hour and a half to two hours. Once finished, carefully open the vacuum sealed bag, and allow the product to cool. Feel free to use either of these methods as the first step in creating edibles and infusions. Next month's Back to Basics will cover what we do with this decarboxylated cannabis material. We will investigate various infusion methods and how you can use them to get the desired result you are looking for. I hope this simple guide helps give you the necessary information to become more confident when working with cannabis.

Oven Method Decarboxylation

• Prepared cannabis material • Silt Pad • Pyrex baking dish Pre-heat oven to 230F. Place cannabis material on a silt pad in the baking dish. Place the dish in the oven for 20 min. Gently stir the cannabis product. Continue to cook (decarboxylate) for another 20 min. Remove and allow to cool.

Sous Vide Method Decarboxylation

• Prepared cannabis material • Vacuum sealer • Pot for boiling • Water • Salt Place prepared cannabis material in a vacuum bag and seal. Make sure the bag remains flat, evenly distributing the material in the bag. Bring water to a boil, adding a handful of salt to the water. Place the vacuum sealed bag into the pot. Move the bag around throughout the process to ensure all the material is heating evenly. Allow to decarboxylate for one and a half to two hours, depending on the volume of material. It is ok to use more than one bag if you are working with a large volume of material. Remove the bag from the water. Carefully open and allow material to cool. Garrick Umland is a chef, cannabis connoisseur, and hospitality professional specializing in product and brand development. Chef Garrick has worked under the expertise of Wolfgang Puck as well as the renowned Light Group. He brings years of knowledge, research, and innovation to projects throughout the US.




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