Barcelona is the most populous city of the Autonomous Community of Catalonia and the second largest city in Spain. Founded as a Roman city, Barcelona became the capital of the Counts of Barcelona. As the capital of Catalonia, Barcelona houses the seat of the Catalan government, known as the Generalitat de Catalunya.
Passeig de Gràcia is both one of the major avenues in Barcelona and also one of its most important shopping and business areas, containing several of the city's most celebrated pieces of architecture. Plaça Catalunya is a large square in central Barcelona that is generally considered to be both its city centre and the place where the old city and the 19th century-built Eixample meeting point.
La Rambla is a street in central Barcelona, popular with both tourists and locals alike. A 1.2 kilometer-long treelined pedestrian mall in the Barri Gòtic, it connects Plaça Catalunya in the center with the Christopher Columbus monument at Port Vell. Usually full of street theatre, cafés and market stalls, it serves as the emotional hub of Barcelona.
The beautiful neighbourhood known as the Gothic Quarter is so called because it used to be the Roman village and thus has some remnants of its glorious past. The Gothic quarter has many peaceful squares (plaça) where you can relax and enjoy your surroundings. However one of the main attractions, right in the heart of the district is the huge Cathedral which has a stunning courtyard full of plants and oddly geese.
Portal de lâ€™ Angel
The former entrance gate to the city in the Roman Wall, it takes its name from the angel which was put there in the 17th century as a memorial to the miracle of the Archangel Saint Michael, who appeared at the moment of the moving of the body of Saint EulĂ lia. The original angel can be found in the History of the City Museum.
Plaça del Rei Giving access to the Royal Palace and the Royal Chapel no other name was possible or this space which has been defined as "the most noble urban element of the old Barcelona".
PLAÇA SANT JAUME
The point at which the two main streets of the Roman City crossed, nowadays host the two most important political institutions of the city, the Town Council and the Autonomous Government.
The Picasso Museum in Barcelona is a key reference to understandi the formative years of Pablo Ruiz Picasso. The young artist is revealed through more than 3,800 works that make up the permanent collection. The Museum is very rich in regard to work from the training periods in the life of the artist; we could say that it is practically exhaustive up to the Blue Period, of which the Museum has a priceless group of works.
We hope you will enjoy our cityâ€Ś
Raquel Cordero Angel Garrido Inma G贸mez Marta Porcel 1er Batxillerat A
Biography Antoni Gaudi was born in 1852 in Tarragona in a family of artisans. He was the first Gaudi in over four generations to leave the family tradition of metalworking. He moved to Barcelona in 1873 and began his architectural education at the Provincial School of Architecture. Although he did not have superior grades, he earned “excellent” marks in the courses of Trial drawings and Projects. Descriptions of “insane” and “genius” were used to talk about the artist.
As an architect, he was influenced by many things: medieval books, gothicstyle art, and organic shapes in nature..
Gaudi started the building of the Sagrada Familia in 1883, spending 43 years of his life working on this project. He also began Park Guell, and many other projects in Barcelona, Casa Batlló and La Pedrera are the most important.
On 7 June 1926 Gaudí was run over by a tram. He died three days later on 10 June 1926 at the age of 73. He was buried in the midst of La Sagrada Família.
Antoni Gaudí belonged to the Modernism movement and was famous for his unique style and highly individualistic designs. Modernism was the Catalan equivalent to a number of art movements, such as Symbolism, Decadence and Art Nouveau, from roughly 1888 to 1911.
Gaudí built most of his works in Barcelona but we can find some of his buildings in other parts of Catalonia and Spain. “Hotel Atraction” in New York was one of Gaudi’s projects, but he never started this building. “Sagrada Familia”, the most famous modernist building, isn’t finished yet.
El Capricho (Cantabria)
Church of Colonia G眉ell
Casa Botines (Le贸n)
This building, called Casa Milà, is more known by his Catalan name “La Pedrera” according to the surprising stony aspect of its front. It was built between1906-1910, being considered officially completed in 1912. It is located at Passeig de Gràcia in Barcelona. It was built for the married couple, Rosario Segimon and Pere Milà.
The big blocks of stone were carved in the same place of the construction giving them a rugose texture of natural stone. It hasn’t got load walls, not even in the front, which is an important innovation. It is supported on pillars and metallic girders, so without any problem, we could change all his interior distribution.
He adapted the curve formes of his fantasy in the terraces or roofs which are decorated by fragments of marble. There are chimneys in spiral form, the top part of them seem medieval helmets.
Casa Mila was in poor condition in the early 1980s but it has been restored. The building is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site “Works of Antoni Gaudi” and it is owned by Caixa Catalunya.
•“The Expiatory Temple of the Sagrada Familia”, known simply as the Sacred Family, is a great catholic temple of Barcelona, designed by the Catalan architect Antoni Gaudí. It started in 1882, and nowdays is still being built. It is Gaudí's masterpiece, and the maximum exponent of the modernist Catalan architecture. • The construction began in Neogothic style, but, on having assumed the project Gaudí in 1883, was completely restated. Gaudí became the architect with only 31 years, dedicating the rest of his life. •When the temple is finished, it will have 18 towers, 4 in every of the 3 façades and 6 on the center (one dedicated to Jesus, another 4 for the four evangelist and another one for the Verge). When Gaudí died, there was only one tower built.
•We can see that the catholic influence is very present in this church, there are a lot of scene about Jesus’ life.
The Three faรงades are: Faรงade of Hope:
Faรงade of Faith:
Faรงade of Charity:
Life Tree ,“Arbre de la vida”
Sagrada Familia at night.
ď‚— Park Guell was commissioned by Eusebi GĂźell who wanted to create a
stylish park for Barcelona aristocracy.
ď‚— The park contains amazing stone structures, stunning tiling and fascinating
buildings. You can see from this picture the Gaudi dragon fountain that is at the entrance to Guell park. This dragon is adorned in beautiful coloured tiling and there is something rather hypnotic and magical about it.
ď‚— Gaudi was strongly influenced by natural shapes and used them in his work.
ď‚— At the top of Guell park is a terraced area where you get a wonderful view of
the park and of Barcelona City. Here you will find multi-coloured tiled mosaic seats as shown in this picture. The vibrant colours of the tiles are truly breathtaking.
Park Guell also has a small house in the park which Gaudi lived in at one stage. The house has now been converted into a museum and contains interesting furniture also designed by Gaudi.
Information about the mountain ď‚— Montserrat's mountain is, according to the tradition, the most important and
mysterious mountain of Catalonia. It is situated in 50 km to the northwest of Barcelona . In this mountain it places the sanctuary and Benedictine monastery dedicated to the Verge of Montserrat.
ď‚— "Montserrat" literally means "serrated mountain" in Catalan. It describes the
peculiar aspect of the rock formation, which is visible from a great distance
The summit of Montserrat is called Sant
Jeroni (Saint Jerome) and stands at 1,236 meters above sea-level. It is accessible by hiking trails which connect from the top entrance to the Sant Joan funicular, the monastery, or the base of the mountain. In the knight’s symbology (blasones),
Montserrat appears like a gold mountain sawing the country. The abbey can be reached by road, or by
the Aeri de Montserrat cable car, or by the Montserrat Rack Railway.
Santa Maria de Montserrat is a Benedictine abbey located in the Montserrat mountain, in Monistrol de Montserrat, in Catalonia.
It hosts the Virgin of Montserrat, and the â€œPublicacions de l'Abadia de Montserratâ€?, a publishing house, the oldest press in the world, still running with the first book published in 1499.
The monastery is Catalonia's most important religious retreat and groups of young people from Barcelona and all over Catalonia make overnight hikes at least once in their lives to watch the sunrise from the heights of Montserrat.
Virgin of Montserrat(the black virgin), is Catalonia's favourite saint, and is located in the sanctuary of the Mare de Deu de Montserrat, next to the Benedictine monastery
The Basilica houses a museum with works of art by many prominent painters and sculptors including works by El Greco, DalĂ, Picasso and more.
Spirituality Since, according to the legend, the image of the Virgin was founded at the Holly Cave, and since the foundation of the monastery, Montserrat has been linked to spirituality. The mountain contains a high number of smaller deserted churches and chapels.
The Virgin is called "the Moreneta" for its dark color, itâ€™s a Romanesque wood of the end of the twelfth century, and the color is the result of the transformation of the varnish in that long period of time.
Legend In 880, a Saturday evening, some shepherds saw how a great light was getting down from heaven, with a beautiful melody. The following Saturday, the vision was repeated. And, the following four Saturdays the priest of Olesa went with them to check that vision. The bishop, who was in Manresa, went to this place and saw a cave where they found the Holy Image. He proposed to move it to Manresa but it was so heavy that they couldnâ€™t move. The bishop interpreted this was like a desire of the Virgin to remain there and he ordered to build a chapel.
Importance Great poets like Goethe and Schiller Federico wrote about the mountain. Montserrat became famous when Richard Wagner used this place to play
two of his operas, Parsifal and Lohengrin.
The festivity On 11th September 1844, Pope Leo XIII officially declared the Virgin of Montserrat as a patron of Catalonia. On the 27th of April people celebrate the Virgin of Montserrat Day. The celebration of the Eucharist is celebrated with numerous of events such as musical performances, sardanas dances, lectures and special psalms and canticles.
Route 3: Barcelona 92
Olympic areas in BCN Set of sports facilities built in four areas. The four areas include: • Montjuic Olympic Ring, which includes the Stadium, Palau Sant Jordi and the Picornell swimming pools, • Villa Olimpica Poblenou (converted later in a residential area), with the port and the residences of Olympic athletes • Diagonal area, around the facilities of Football Club Barcelona and Real Club de Polo • Valle de Hebrón.
Montju誰c. The Olympic Ring. Facilities Montju誰c is a neighborhood and a mountain of Barcelona. Olympica ring: This name which is called the space of Montju誰c where are the major facilities in the 1992 Olympics. In the Olympic ring there are this facilities: 1. Montjuic Olympic Stadium Athletics, opening ceremonies and closing. 2. Palau Sant Jordi - Artistic Gymnastics and the final of volleyball and handball. 3. Bernat Picornell swimming pools - swimming, synchronized swimming and water polo final. 4. INEFC - Fight.
Plaça Espanya Plaça d'Espanya is one of Barcelona's most important squares, built on the occasion of the 1929 International Exhibition, held at the foot of Montjuïc, in the Sants-Montjuïc district. The fountain at the centre of the square was designed by Josep Maria Jujol, a collaborator of Antoni Gaudí, while Miquel Blay designed the statues. Venetian Towers are 47 m tall and lead the way to the MNACvia Avinguda de la Reina Maria Cristina.
Fundació Miró The Fundació Joan Miró, Centre d'Estudis d'Art Contemporani is a museum of modern art honoring Joan Miró and located on Montjuïc. The Joan Miró Foundation opened to the public on 10 June 1975. It had its origins in Miró's first large exhibition in Barcelona, in 1968, at the Antic Hospital de la Santa Creu The Joan Miró Foundation is a major point of reference on the international art circuit. Its programme of exhibitions runs from the work of the historical avant-gardes to the latest trends in today's art.
Aquarium Barcelona's Aquarium is located in the Port Vell harbour area at the bottom end of the famous La Rambla boulevard. This central location ensures there are a steady stream of visitors to sample its attractions; which include an 80 foot long moving tunnel through its oceanarium (housing many species of fish including sharks), and a total of 21 tanks with fish from all over the world. Additionally the Aquarium runs a large interactive centre for children, with many activities and sections to learn about piranhas, penguins, alligators, rays and much more.
PALACE OF MNAC The
The Palau National is the most spectacular building in Spain Square. It was built for the Universal Exposition of 1929,with the intent to build a monumental building. The architects were Enric Català and Pedro Cendoya, with the collaboration of Pere Domènech i Roure. The palace has undergone some restorations by the Italian architect Gae Aulenti, and now houses the Catalonia National Art Museum (MNAC).
The museum has probably the greatest display of Romanesque items in the world, centred around a series of magnificent 12th century frescoes. The most remarkable are the wall paintings from Sant Climent de Taüll and Santa Maria de Taüll. There’s also an expanding Gothic collection besides works by El Greco, Zurbarán and Velázquez. The museum also houses the entire body of 20th century art, furniture and sculpture. We strongly recommend the Romanesque and the Modernist period. ROMANESQUE Catalonia’s fine art has a long tradition. It began where Spanish medieval painting was born- in the Pyrenees, where Romanesque churches were brightened by bold frescoes full of imagination.
PAINTINGS AND SCUPTURES YOU WILL SEE..
19TH CENTURY- MODENISM
Barcelona’s art school opened above La Llotja in 1849 and new patrons of the arts appeared with wealth generated by the industrial revolution. Among the most outstanding artist, we could mention Marià Fortuny, who had lived in Rome and Paris . He had lived the first Impressionist exhibition in Paris and had a great influence on the painters who featured the Modernist movement: Santiago Rusiñol and Ramon Casas.
History In the historic context of the Primo de Rivera dictatorship and the 1929 International Exhibition, it was decided to build a village in MontjuĂŻc that would become a synthesis of Spanish architecture and a craft showcase for Spain. It was preserved after the impact it made and because of the many voices who spoke out against its destruction. It was planned as a group of frames drawn from Spanish popular architecture which would be incorporated in a kind of collage.
The builders of the site, the architects Ramon Revent贸s and Francesc Folguera and the artists Xavier Nogu茅s and Miquel Utrillo, tried to make a village where buildings representing the different regions of Spain would be reproduced. The four professionals made several trips around Spain to collect pictorial material. Along the way, they made hundreds of photographs, notes and drawings that made it possible to choose the elements best suited to the idea they had to put into effect.
Not only was the Village not demolished at the end of the Exhibition, but it also survived . And now it has celebrated the seventy-fifth anniversary of its opening, the aim of capturing the attention of visitors continues to be the motto of this singular attraction.
Introduction Sitges is a small city about 35 kilometers southwest of
Barcelona known worldwide for its Film Festival and Carnival. The city is between the hills and the sea it is known for its beaches, gay nightspots, and historical sites.
For over a century, Sitges has been celebrating nonstop Carnestoltes, or Carnival.
Culture Modern Sitges, preserving important references from the Middle Age and the old farmers’ and fishermen’s town, offers visitors an impressive architectural and cultural heritage, the result of initiatives by artists, cultural energizers and patrons like Santiago Rusiñol, Ramon Casas, Miquel Utrillo or Charles Deering.
Sitges has 17 sand beaches. There are urban beaches and two in the west, which have difficult access. The last one (Playa del Muerto) is the gay beach.
Xató is Sitges' most typical dish. It appeared in the press for the first time in 1896. The report refers to a meal that had gathered together a selected group of Catalan artists and intellectuals, Santiago Rusiñol, Miquel Utrillo, Gaietà Buigas and others.