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Vapour

celebrating the beauty of water through art


Vapour

celebrating the beauty of water through art

The content within this magazine has been written and produced by Emma Beamish, with special thanks so Rachel Smith as Fashion Assistant and Hayley Beamish as Beauty Assistant. Additional thanks to everyone who supported the making of this magazine.

Contents.

Fashion | Art | Architecture | Design

Photograph by Emma Beamish

The Power of Water | 08 Preparing for a Water World? | 10 Now You Sea Me | 12 Renee Nicole Sander | 16 Water Is Sexy | 30 Cliff Briggie | 32 Zena Holloway | 34

36 | Taking the Plunge 50 | A True Atlantis 52 | Olafur Eliasson 54 | The Ice Hotel 64 | Zaha Hadid 66 | The Ice Bar 69 | Places To Visit

All rights reserved. For educational purposes only. Vapour is a stage three BA (Hons) Fashion Journalism project and has no commercial value.Š No part of this publication may be reproduced in whole or part without written permission from the publishers. 2014 BA (Hons) Fashion Journalism, University of the Creative Arts Epsom. The views expressed in Vapour are those of the respective contributors and are not necessarily shared by the course, its staff or the University of the Creative Arts at Epsom. These parties cannot be held responsible for them.

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Nothing is softer or more flexible than water, yet nothing can resist it.

- Lao Tzu, philosopher

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Photograph by Emma Beamish

Editor's Letter.

Dear Readers, Through the combination of my two favourite passions, swimming and fashion, the concept for Vapour magazine was born. Vapour magazine celebrates the beauty of water through art. A simple element, it is so beautiful and vital for our survival yet it is taken for granted on a daily basis. Our bodies are 70% water, and water also consumes more than 70% of the Earth’s surface. Through this special issue, Vapour highlights the power and significance of water in all its forms. Artists have looked to this element for inspiration and with it created inspirational artwork, designs and installations. Water is evocative and its use in art can be very emotive. Water transforms an image, in terms of both state of the product and the mood it brings to a piece of art. Through the artists and works selected for this issue, I hope that your mind will be captivated by the beauty and innovation created by this simple element. May you walk away with a more open eye to the significance of the insignificant, and a greater respect for the incredible and mysterious world we live in. Best Wishes, Emma Beamish

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The Power

of Water


Without water we’d die. It’s something we don’t think about but it’s always there in one form or another. We’re always consuming it. Water fills land, sky and air. It is a symbol of both life and death. In its many forms, water comes with a deep pool of symbolic associations, which lead different emotions to be connected to it, depending on our life experiences. Water has the power to influence our emotions. It is used in forms of therapy for relaxation and we subconsciously associate certain emotions with water in its particular forms.

break at the beach that sends our minds afloat. The sea captures us. It fascinates us because we cannot see its end. Humans are curious beings and there’s something about this space in which we cannot live and breathe that picks at our curiosity. People rule the land, it is ours and we have explored it far and wide, but out there we know even less than our knowledge of space. 95% of the sea is left unexplored. The sea is swallowing up our world, it poses a threat and we are curious. Maybe there is something about this big open space of which we know very little that allows our minds to wonder, explore and be at peace. Water is beautiful and can bring an entirely new dimension to art by manipulating our

son’s experiences. Someone who cannot swim often feels fear in an image of water, while a swimmer may see refuge and tranquility. According to Freud, the presence of water within our dreams represents our emotions. While it is also thought that the water-based star signs have significant emotional characteristics. Both scientifically and spiritually, we subconsciously share an emotional connection with water. It is all around us, we cannot escape it. Water is two-faced. There is something very delicate about water. It is soft in liquid state and fragile as ice. Yet it can also be violent and

“Water controls us, we cannot live without it but it might just be the cause of our demise” Water has the ability to make us feel anger, fear, passion, sadness, purity and tranquility. What other element possesses such power? The sounds of crashing waves or heavy rainfall are a common aid for insomnia. Many people find it soothing to fall asleep to the sounds of water; it helps their minds relax and subdues stress. In such times of stress, how many of us dream of holidaying by the sea? We head to the ocean in search of tranquility. There’s something about watching and listening to the rhythm of waves as they form and then

emotions. Consider the use of pathetic fallacy in movies. How often does a depressed character stare out of his window at the rain? Or a couple in love take their first passionate kiss in rainfall? It is a typical cliché we are all familiar with, and it is interesting that water can so easily emphasise or steer our emotions as a media consumer. A model photographed underwater allows us to connect with the image far differently to an image taken on land. In water, her hair floats softly around her, she looks as though she’s flying as she floats timelessly; the image is magical and mysterious and its connotations of drowning evoke death in an enchanted, peaceful manner. It is a fascinating kind of beauty. Images of water may spark different emotions in different people, depending on a per-

viciously sharp. In water, we both seek peace and run in fear. We travel to the sea for a luxurious escape, but so many countries have been wiped out by its ferocity. Water is therefore a powerful tool in its ability to manipulate the mind and control our behaviour. It is then no wonder why many artists are inspired by this beautiful element. It should not be taken for granted; it should be respected for all its extensive power. Water controls us, we cannot live without it but it might just be the cause of our demise.

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Preparing for a Water World? Technology is taking its gadgets to new depths.

There’s a rising trend in products claiming waterproof status over recent years. Our mobile companies are suddenly producing “waterproof ” phones and Sony has recently launched an mp3 player that comes already submerged in a bottle of water. These bottled mp3 players are being sold in leisure centre vending machines as training aids, suggesting they are just as important to our workout as sports drinks. Of course when it comes to our gadgets, most of us are too afraid to test these allegations – waterproof phones don’t come cheap – but Sony are throwing their product straight in at the deep end for their customers to see the full attraction. Today we can find cameras, phones, mp3 players and radios, all suitable for under water use, and it undoubtedly won’t stop there. This is the new direction for innovation – the future

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is waterproof. There seems to be no end to the future of design technology. We are constantly being told our latest gadgets just aren’t quite good enough for our every day needs. Amusingly, we don’t always realise this until they tell us what’s missing – we suddenly don’t understand how we ever coped without it. So why is technology diving in this direction? Why the sudden need to be able to take pictures under water and listen to our music in the swimming pool? Could we be preparing for a wetter world? Many of us have experienced the shame of dropping our phone down the toilet, an embarrassing but common occurrence and finally there’s no need to fear such an event. So there are benefits to our lifestyle, but with everything turning water-friendly, perhaps design is suggesting a wetter vision of the future.


The sea is a recurring stimulus for fashion inspiration, with some of the industries most iconic collections taking an aquatic theme. The most memorable was undoubtedly Lee’s final show for Alexander McQueen Spring/Summer 2010. Named “Plato’s Atlantis”, the models were creatures from another world – a future world. If there were an Atlantis, McQueen got it dead on. Mermaid skin dresses shimmered in cold blues with scaly green hues as light hit the garment. It was phenomenal. With this collection McQueen was predicting global warming would cause the seas to swallow up the land and our world as we know it. He said, “This collection predicted a future in which the ice caps would melt…the waters would rise and…life on earth would have to evolve in order to live beneath the sea once more or perish. Humanity would go back to the place from whence it came.” Tim Walker’s recent editorial for W magazine, titled “Far Far From Land”, was also a hit in tune with McQueen. Model Kristen McMenamy told an emotive tale of the ‘mer people’, of which the results were exquisite. From season to season, designers remind us of the recurrent muse that is the ocean. This summer, storming seas, crashing waves and sunlit swimming pools have set the base for a new microtrend. Water in all its forms flooded into several designer runways. It may not seem like a groundbreaking trend, sea for summer, but this season’s interpretation was genius. Kenzo was the number one pioneer as models stepped out from under a tremendous waterfall into a garden of spring fountains. Clothes were tailored to flow like waves with the ocean being a huge inspiration for print with tees, trousers and dresses all scribbled in blue sea waves. Designers Humberto Leon and Carol Lim played it close to home with this collection, as California’s beautiful beaches was the

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clear source of inspiration. A political stand was also being implemented as the duo created fish motif pieces with a “no fish, no nothing” slogan tee sending a nod to the overfishing crisis overseas. At Milan Fashion Week, Fendi’s models also appeared from behind a waterfall as homage to Lagerfeld’s The Glory of Water exhibition that took place in Paris last summer. The waterfall imagery is continued within the brand’s Spring/ Summer 2014 campaign. Lagerfeld extended the theme of water into the collection as he explains the waves of layered organza in his dresses and tee’s, fading from the thickness of colour to a thin crisp white, was inspired by light passing through water. Resort collections also followed suit. Australian designer Dion Lee showed colourful wave printed dresses and swimsuits, taking his inspiration from the combination of oil and water, creating some beautiful graphic designs. Sunlit waters and wave-like 3D tailoring adorned dresses and swimsuits. Just Cavalli’s Resort wave-printed printed jumpers in pearly blue are a perfect alternative. You don’t have to surf to take to the waves this summer. Men’s Fashion Week saw all aboard too, with Calvin Klein devoting his collection to anything blue, presenting jumpers and t-shirts with graphic sea designs from day to dusk. Moschino impressed us with their bold prints of electric blue swimming pools and calm sunset seas. Other designer’s such as Mary Katranzou, Prada and Karen Walker also devoted their love to the sea. There’s something about the ocean that captures people. It’s an abyss of wonders and dreams, full of power and possibilities. It will no doubt continue to influence fashion.

Ke n

zo

Mos chin o

Now You SeaMe

i nd e F


Kenzo Spring/Summer 2014

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On the Same Biba

Vionnet Kenzo Missoni Biba Peter Pilotto

Illustrated People

Dion Lee Peter Pilotto

Kenzo

3.1 Phillip Lim Kenzo Kenzo Gottex

Kenzo Saloni

Christian Dior Vintage 14 | Vapour


Kenzo

Kenzo Jonathan Saunders

Kenzo

Moschino Fatface

Kenzo

Kenzo Corgi

Davidoff

Our Legacy

Moschino

Versace

The sea is your biggest inspiration this season, with oceanic waves hitting the scene as a new microtrend. Matchy matchy is the best way to sport the look with some great co-ords from Kenzo, Peter Pilotto and Dion Lee.

Wave Length


Renee Nicole Sander Recent graduate of Cape Peninsula University of Technology in South Africa, Renee Nicole Sander was inspired by glacier formations for her graduate collection ‘Deficiency’. Experimenting with alternative materials, Sander created a stunning collection of icy avant-garde designs. Sander explains, “Looking at these formations from afar and close up, I was able to use these interesting shapes and textures and transfer them into my collection. As glaciers are pale and brooding, I felt that this best described my design aesthetic, as I am attracted to simplistic designs with depth in their form. A movement away from body

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conforming fashions was made to charm the mind about what fashion can become when ignoring the natural body form.” Her collection has a clinical sci-fi aesthetic with curvaceous spacey shapes in surgical white industrial fabrics. Sander worked with plastic, PVC and wadding to test what she was capable of using during design. “I wanted to look at all materials as inspiration and see what I could create with various material types when building forms, that could open the viewers eye to what can be possible when creating new shapes.” Experimentation was important to Sander as she was given complete freedom over design. Her pieces include a translucent plastic garment tied down the side with plastic rings like a surgical curtain and large circular armholes. A sheer top with sleeves stretched down to the knee is styled underneath. Another standout outfit is an oversized quilted garment with a single sleeve and thick hood like a sleeping bag. Sander’s collection has a taste of Japanese fashion with her obscure tailoring which plays with form and construction. It is no surprise to hear that her inspirational references include Rei Kawakubo for Comme des Garçons and Issey Miyake. The simplicity in colour allows for the shapes and angles created by the garments to take center stage. Renee’s personal style doesn’t step too far from her design aesthetic. Describing her style as minimalistic, she expresses her love of oversized garments that stand away from the body, as well as an attraction to mascu-

line styles. “I love basics but also look for key items that add interest to outfits. Texture and shape play a large role in my wardrobe.” Sander’s spare time is always full to the brim with as many plans as possible, spending weekends on the beach, browsing second hand stores and spending time with family and friends. Though she confesses, “There is nothing better than coming home after a long day and watching a good documentary.” Last year, Sander won a design competition that sent her to London’s Graduate Fashion Week. “The young talent was eye opening and I would be so privileged to stand alongside this great emerging talent in London.” She identifies London as the place to showcase her collection, if such a chance as to show at Fashion Week became a reality. “There is a definite sense of experimentation within London Fashion Week and the designs never cease to amaze me. London seems such an exciting city for the young and upcoming.” Renee has always been a creative person, with art always playing a part in her life. Drawn to the constant change in the fast-paced industry, Sander decided there was no other option. “Fashion design isn’t just about creating beautiful pieces, it is about creating an environment for that person and being able to design these moods is what draws me to the field.” Renee is currently working on building up her design experience, interning at leading retailer, Woolworths, in South Africa. Her evenings however are spent testing different fabric types in simple forms in order to

continue evolving her design approach. She explains she would like to work with local designers in the future, to become part of a team that is moving South African fashion. “Although Cape Town will always be my home, I would love to move around and learn from different cities and cultures,” she says. In an industry that is constantly changing, Renee Nicole Sander is keeping her options open and is waiting to see where her work takes her.


If there’s magic on this planet, it’s contained in water. - Loren Eiseley, Anthropologist

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A SPLASH OF SUMMER Photography & Styling | Emma Beamish Beauty Assistant | Hayley Beamish Model | Millie Coopey

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Water Is Sexy “Water is sexy”: a verse in Roni Horn’s book, Another Water. An interesting thing to say about water, and an odd thing at first thought. But then I got to thinking, water is sexy. It comes with sheds of erotic symbolism, and is used continuously in art to evoke seduction and lust. Water is a sexual innuendo and therefore it can completely change the message of an image. How often do you see a picture of a celebrity soaked to the bone – pun intended – in order to seduce fans? Water is a straight up symbol for sex. Sex is wet and water connotes a sexual lubricant. Such images therefore tick away at our subconscious desires and curiosity. An image of a person soaking in water is seductive because wet activities such as showering or bathing are typically intimate and personal, and mostly involve the person wearing little clothing, if any at all. Wet clothes cling to the

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body, sometimes becoming transparent, shaping the bodies form, which itself is intimate and sexual. The media has been a contributing influence (isn’t it always?) in water’s sexual explicitness, with images of celebrities plastered over page 3 and sexy movie scenes of girls erotically soaking themselves, seducing the male. These images have been implanted into our subconscious minds and our associations with the innocent have been left tainted. Roni Horn’s book shows pictures of the River Thames, with verses beneath each image. It says, “Water is sexy. The sensuality of it teases me when I’m near it…I want to touch it, to drink it, to go into it, to be surrounded by it…I want to be close to it, to be in it, to move through it, to be under it. I want it to be in me.”


Cliff Briggie Photographs by Cliff Briggie

Transient Art

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An American artist from West Hartford, Connecticut, Cliff Briggie uses water, ice and paint to create beautiful abstract artwork. Briggie uses macrophotography to capture the reactions that takes place between these components. With macrophotography, Briggie explains, “We get an introduction to a hidden world, and we learn to look more closely and carefully at everything. It helps us relinquish our habitual reference point. It may be a struggle between representative and abstract artwork. Macro images, with the reference point eliminated, evoke mystery and altered states of consciousness as we try to grab a hold of something. Elimination of a reference point enables the artistic vision to be regarded on its own terms and may transport a viewer to another way of seeing”. His work Meditations

on Impermanence includes images of painted ice and other transient phenomena, which was the start of what he now calls “transient art”. His photography is uniquely beautiful. His ice paintings are an explosion of colour – his choices of which are genius. “Water and ice are thrilling!” Briggie says, “They are transient – no two images will ever be the same – even one second later. I have long been a visual captive of transitions – whether lighting, color and its blending, cloud patterns, oil in water, and the changing states (ice, liquid, steam) of water.” Briggie’s fascination with water is prominent throughout his portfolio, creating exquisitely alluring photographs. Macrophotography presents us with the deeper, natural beauty within our everyday surroundings. We are given an insight into


the spectacular that our eyes our unable to capture in the split second they occur. “A photograph captures a moment too brief to see. Within the moment is a flash, color, form, or movement – always different, always extraordinary. Little pieces of paint take on a life of their own, suddenly exploding, colors streaming everywhere and then they are gone forever. It is at once so breathtaking, heartbreaking, and compelling that I have missed more than a shot or two.” Many artists have inspired Briggie’s work, including Paul Caponigro, Minor White and Wynn Bullock. However Briggie explains that much of his inspiration derives from his own innate creative energy. “My approach to photography is to open heart and mind to their naturally wakeful state – vivid, raw, and intimate – like licking honey from a razor blade.” His choice of subject is guided by what colleague Brad Wise refers to as ‘the hidden energies within ordinary objects’. “I have learned that everything changes, and that opposites are manifestations of the same essential energy.”

Briggie has an extensive portfolio, however he confesses his work called Infusions is one of his favourites. “Infusions examines the visual dynamics of interpenetrating liquids: how they affect form, colour and movement. Diverse forms enter and exit each other in an orgy of movement and color, radically altering them. The infusion of colour into clear or previously-coloured liquid adds and changes colour and is the stimulus for forms to collide and embrace unpredictably, mindlessly, mercilessly, sometimes devouring, digesting, dominating, possessing, or annihilating; other times slowly, easily, and gently blending in a dance that, similarly unpredictable, almost looks mutual and reciprocal. The changing visual dynamics are often breathtaking in their beauty.” Briggie learned to recognise and respect work as ‘photographic art’ while studying photography at the University of Connecticut School of Fine Art. Working under professor David Kelly, Briggie started to recognise some images as ‘trite’, and others as ‘easy’ images. “Many nature photographs were nice to look

at, but ‘so what’? Other images were startling, highly original, or incomprehensible (but powerful and moving). Technical quality was sometimes poor, sometimes sublime. It was a process of learning how to see, coupled with a technical appreciation of exhibition quality work. Finally, technical competence, bold expression, and visual originality came together in powerful images that could be called photographic art.” Cliff Briggie has just completed a collaboration with online retailer Imaginary Foundation, turning his photographic work into a series of clothing and prints. “I am very pleased with the results,” he says. We have much to look forward to as Briggie is currently preparing a show in New York for the end of 2014 or beginning of 2015, while also working on a book of photographs. Though a clinical psychologist by day, Cliff Briggie adds to his photographic work daily, which you can find at flickr.com/photos/cliffbriggie. Contact Cliff Briggie at cbriggie@comcast.net for purchasing queries.


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Zena Holloway Zena Holloway is an underwater photographer whose stunning work inspired the very concept of this magazine. She has been commissioned by various brands from Nike to Channel 4 and even shot the covers of magazines like Dazed & Confused. Zena Holloway creates aspirational photographs that capture the beauty within water. She has shot some incredible stories and creatures, which include skeletons and buried treasure in Uruguay and an anaconda and crocodiles for Quintessentially magazine. A Vapour favourite is a

recent editorial for How To Spent It magazine titled Dream Weavers. The series captures an underwater fairytale of a sleeping beauty, lying elegantly in her bed, floating beneath the ocean’s surface as though bewitched by an enchanted spell. Holloway began her career as a scuba instructor, which became the initial platform for her underwater photography to thrive. Receiving her first underwater camera for her 18th birthday, Holloway taught herself basic skills through books she found lying around

the diving centre. She confesses, “I seem to remember getting it wrong a lot of the time at the start but slowly the pictures improved and I learned how to measure light and what made a good image.” From here on she knew she wanted to work underwater and started to set up her own photoshoots which led to her career as a commercial underwater photographer. “I like to think that I use water to create unique and interesting imagery. I find that water acts like a physical and mental boundary for a lot of people. Those that can work in water enjoy the freedom of weightlessness and the challenge of a new environment, and those that can’t are often in complete awe at what can be achieved.” Her previous work as a scuba instructor has armoured her with the skills to manage people underwater, especially in the cases of working with nervous celebrities and models. Holloway explains the job is not quite as glamorous as some believe it to be. Spending a long day beneath the surface can be physically exhausting and she confesses that if it weren’t for the lure of achieving the perfect photograph, she would have given it up years ago. To Holloway, water feels magical, something which is, for her, very hard to capture on land. She has never been one to follow the crowd and likes to push the boundaries to create totally new and original images. “I rely strongly on creative directors and stylists to push me down paths that I might not naturally go. I enjoy the thrill of being out of my comfort zone.” Photographers Bruno Dayan, Eugenio Recuenco and Ben Hassett are among the artists whose work captures her, looking for inspiration in the most striking and evocative images.

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Taking the Plunge Ever considered an underwater wedding? Tradition isn’t for everyone when it comes to taking your vows, but there are some couples that prefer to push the boat out just that little bit further and make their day inspiringly unique. Underwater weddings are becoming more and more common as people decide ‘normal’ just isn’t for them. An underwater wedding ceremony is not as complicated as you may think. Besides the necessary diving training in the weeks approaching, essential to prepare you for the big day, the ceremony itself is not much different. Though the first married kiss is reserved for the couple’s return to the sea’s surface, vows and rings can still be exchanged at relative ease. The bride can even wear as luxurious a dress as she likes, in fact the floatier the better! Weddings have been conducted by beautiful sunken wrecks and even among a community of sharks. The choice is yours. Guests can

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even join the bride and groom underwater to witness the ceremony first-hand, though unsurprisingly most seem to choose to watch a live stream of the service from the deck of a boat in a comfortable, dry pair of shoes. Last September, diving instructors Hiroyuki Yoshida and Sandra Smith took their ceremony to record breaking depths of 123m in a cave in Thailand – an eight-minute dive. After six months of training to prepare for such a dive, the couple were married by their friend and diving instructor, Ben Reymenants. The couple hold the Guinness World Record for the deepest underwater wedding. Couples and guests who have chosen to take the dive have expressed that the beautifully romantic surroundings of being wed among the colourful sea-life made their day purely magical, and they would not have changed a thing.


The Sea Maiden

From out their grottos at evenings beam, the mermaids swim with locks agleam. - Walter De La Mare

Photography & Styling | Emma Beamish Model | Fran Hardy


A True Atlantis Our future world

In the constant threat of global warming we are left to wonder how the world is going to look in the future. After all, sea levels are rising by 0.14 inches per year, which poses the question ‘is our future under water?’ Movies like The Day After Tomorrow and 2012 present us with a vivid imagination of future events. Of course, we undoubtedly won’t be around to fear such phenomenal catastrophes, but that doesn’t mean we shouldn’t care for our succeeding generations. More than 70% of the Earth’s surface is underwater and according to National Geographic, studies suggest that oceans could rise between 2.5 and 6.5 feet by 2100, which could submerge cities on the U.S. East Coast. Some studies have even suggested that the Greenland ice sheet could completely melt, causing seas to reach a 23ft rise, which is enough to submerge London. It is then no surprise that there is a rising trend in architectural design of underwater habitats. The world as we know it is being designed to look unrecognisable as architects are taking their designs to new depths. If we can’t beat global warming, why not prepare for what it’s going to bring? There appears to be a race among architects for underwater projects to become real life structures. Subsurface homes and hotels is an idea that architects have been toying with for years. Many have even attempted to build their concepts, but unfortunately high costing is just one hurdle that has brought many of them to a temporary halt, while some have even been sunk completely. The Water Discus Underwater Hotel is a substantial project that is fully underway. Deep Ocean Technology has designed an outstanding hotel that comprises of two discs: one disc is 10-30m underwater and the other suspended 5-7m above the ocean’s surface. The two structures allow for guests to enjoy the best of both worlds. Five solid legs and

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a vertical shaft that contains a stairway and lift connect the discs. The legs are fixed to the seabed ensuring total safety. A restaurant is located in the upper disc and, like all of the hotel’s rooms, offers a stunning panoramic view. The complex includes a spa and recreational area, with its multifunctional lobby built inside a large swimming pool. The rooftop also has seawater swimming pools, including a training pool and an exotic garden for relaxing under the beating sun. The hotel consists of 21 soundproof rooms with curtains of adjustable transparency to ensure guests’ personal privacy. The bedroom windows allow for guests to connect with the incredible sea life that surrounds the hotel. A bar and diving centre run adjacent to the residential rooms. No diving experience is needed as the hotel provides training for those who want to experience the marine life first hand. The diving centre is expected to attract many guests, as its colourful reef with an array of fish, sea anemones, rocks and wrecks make for a purely thrilling diving experience. Other activities are also on offer for guests, including 3-passenger submersibles for deep-sea exploration, motor boating, water-skiing, fast jet skis and underwater scooters. The Water Discus Hotel will connect its guests with the ocean in a way like no other. Safety is a hugely important aspect to consider when thinking about constructing a building beneath the sea, however The Water Discus has been designed to withstand dramatic weather conditions, like tsunamis, that would flood the nearby land. At present, there is no opening date for The Water Discuss Hotel, but there will no doubt be a long queue of customers eagerly waiting to tick this once-in-a-lifetime experience off their bucket list. There are numerous similar projects under construction, such as Hydropolis,

a 300m, 220 suite hotel off the coast of Dubai. Hydropolis has been drawn to a halt several times due to lack of finances to support its ambitious construction. However, in the long wait for these epic productions, there is one complex fully designed to quench our thirst. The Manta Resort Underwater Room is a partially submerged hotel room floating in the Indian Ocean off the coast of Pemba Island. Attracting guests from across the globe since November 2013, the one bedroom complex is an exotic extension of The Manta Resort. Designed by Mikael Genburg, the resort consists of three levels. The deck allows for diving and includes a lounging area and bathroom facility. A ladder leads up to the roof on which guests can soak up the sun during the day and stargaze under the clear skies at night. The submerged deck allows for a night among the fish with the bedroom’s panoramic windows 4m below the surface. Spotlights illuminate the windows at night attracting a beautiful assortment of fish. The Swedish engineered complex has even been known to attract octopus, squid and Spanish dancers to its glass panes, and dolphin can be heard nearby when diving in the surrounding seas. The Manta Underwater Room offers a truly unique experience and escape from the hustle and bustle of life on land – perfect for a romantic getaway. These designs bring us to question why architecture is suddenly plunging into the depths of the ocean. As a growing trend with several designs underway, the future of the sea is set to look far more familiar. Will Hunter at Architects’ Journal told Vapour, “It seems to me students are reacting to the increase in flash flooding both nationally and globally, and in some way prefiguring a time when we all may live underwater. If the last century was about exploring outer space, then this century will be about exploring the depths of the deep blue sea.”


Š Genberg Art UW Ltd photograph by Jesper Anhede

Image Courtesy of Deep Ocean Technology


ON SS ELIA UR OLAF 52 | Vapour

Bringing natural phenomena into interior spaces

Danish-Icelandic artist Olafur Eliasson is renowned for his sculptures and installations in which he plays with the concept of water, light and air to create the ultimate viewer experience. Eliasson has exhibited his work all over the world, and is now recognised as one of the most significant international contemporary artists. Eliasson has an endless list of stunning works. Your Emotional Future, however, is a compilation of a handful of Eliasson’s greatest installations. Exhibited at Pinchuk Art Centre in Kiev in 2011, Your Emotional Future combines his works into a single experience. The exhibition was made up of different rooms. One room titled Ceiling Wave consisted of a mirrored wave-like ceiling in which the movements below activate the wave-like motion of the mirror. It is interesting that without the viewer, the waves would not appear to move and the mirror becomes insignificant. Another room was filled with water fountains and called Model for a Timeless Garden. The fountains were lit by strobe lighting, both disorientating and captivating the viewer. The flashes of light freeze what the eye would normally see in motion, cutting the way in which we see the world into sections. Eliasson describes this as both exciting and threatening. Beauty was also included within the exhibition, and stands out as an exquisitely unique presentation of water. In this installation, Eliasson shone a spotlight on a fine body of mist, creating a spectacular rainbow spectrum. Guests could interact with the mist and connect with the installation in their own unique way. Blogger Jesse Valle for Film Music Art compared the experience to the Northern Lights creating “haunting images of the super-


natural, the light becoming representations of the spirit and the soul, the faint colours of the rainbow showing the diversity of the people the spirits once inhabited.” Discussing the exhibition, Eliasson said, “Everyone sees a different rainbow because the rainbow’s really made out of the light, the drop of water and the eye. So this means that there is not ever a rainbow that is the same by definition because our eyes are not located in the same place. But if you think about it, this really goes for everything.” Eliasson asks the question, “Who has the responsibility for seeing what we see?” The Weather Project is among Eliasson’s most memorable and successful installations, held at the Tate Modern in 2003. The project was extremely well received, attracting more than two million visitors. The Tate consequently asked to extend the installation, however Eliasson denied the request, explaining that he was afraid of the project slipping from an artistic experience to mindless entertainment. The installation comprised of a soft mist created by humidifiers using a mixture of sugar and water. Two hundred sodium lamps radiated a deep yellow light and a large mirror covered the ceiling, reflecting visitors as dark shadowed figures. The light looked like a giant sun beaming within a thick sea of fog – an utterly magical and tranquil experience. In 2007, Eliasson joined the handful of

artists commissioned to redesign the BMW for the BMW Art Car Project. Taking the project an icy step further from his predecessors Andy Warhol and Roy Lichtenstein, Eliasson stripped the chassis of the car and replaced the body with ice. His piece, called Your Mobile Expectations, took more than 500 gallons of water to layer with ice. It is a design that will take a genius level of innovation to top in BMW’s future projects. The icy car stood as a reminder of global warming. One of Eliasson’s most iconic projects is his Waterfalls series, built on the shores of four separate locations in New York in 2008, in association with the Public Art Fund. A team of roughly 200 design, engineering and construction professionals constructed the 90120ft tall installations. “The waterfalls appear in the midst of the dense social, environmental, and political tissue that makes up the heart of New York City. They will give people the possibility to reconsider their relationships to these spectacular surroundings, and I hope they will evoke individual experiences and enhance a sense of collectivity,” Eliasson told the Public Art Fund. The waterfalls’ structures are composed of scaffolding and powered by water being pumped from the river. Director of the Public Art Fund and curator of The New York City Waterfalls, Rochelle Steiner, said: “Eliasson’s Waterfalls emerge from his consideration of the historic and architectural conditions of the physical environments surrounding them. He has found a way to integrate the spectacular beauty of nature into the urban landscape on a dramatic scale.” Olafur Eliasson joins the numerous artists who have used their work to highlight the catastrophic effects of global warming. His instal-

lation Your Waste of Time at the Metropolitan Museum of Modern Art, showcased pieces from Iceland’s largest glacier, Vatnajökull. The fragments were kept in a room held at freezing temperatures to preserve the ice. The installation serves as a reminder of the melting icebergs tirelessly causing sea levels to rise. The room was ecologically powered by the museum’s solar panels to remain in keeping with its own message. With his father a fellow artist, Eliasson’s work developed from an early age, having his first show at just 15 years old, which consisted of a collection of landscape drawings and gouaches. Eliasson was still a student when he began creating the installations that he is renowned for today. Earlier this year, Olafur Eliasson received the Eugene McDermott Award in the Arts at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The $100,000 prize is an investment in the artists work, ensuring he will continue to produce inspirational art across the globe. Eliasson’s works are designed to make the viewer think and question. He uses natural resources like water as a spectrum in which to shine a light on significant global issues. It is through our individual interpretations of his work that we come to realise the power of such elements in evoking an emotional response, varying from one person to the next.

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The Ice Hotel is one of the biggest ice sculptures in the world. Open for only a spell of the year in Sweden, the hotel is knocked down and rebuilt each year with small changes made to its artistic design. 40 artists work hard to create innovative and inspiring designs each year. “Creativity is our lifeblood…It’s about being inspired by ice as a material – our imagination is constantly challenged and so is our vision of art...Our hotel is more than rooms and beds; it is an art project made of snow and ice that is totally unique.” Though a bed made of ice may sound uncomfortably cold, the facilities are actually quite cosy. Animal furs line the beds to keep you snug and guests are provided with thick coats for exploring the palace. Rooms take on six different themes, each decorated with intricate ice sculptures and carvings. This is certainly a destination for romance to thrive. Relishing in the hotel’s luxurious surroundings is not all there is to entertain your stay. There are numerous exciting activities to take advantage of, including dogsledding, ice sculpting, snowmobiling, ice driving and horseback riding. The busiest and most expensive time to stay, of course, is during the mind-blowing glimpse of the Northern Lights.

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The Ice Hotel is perfectly situated within the Aurora Oval and so your chances of seeing the Northern Lights are great on a clear night. The hotel’s website boasts, “This might be the best place in the world to see the Northern lights. The white snow reflects a heavenly light show – glittering stars, a full moon and the magical, mystical Northern Lights.” The Ice Hotel takes frozen water from the Torne River to build the site each year between October and December, ready to open in December until April. The team are under great pressure to have the site ready for opening, given the difficulties that come with using ice. Constructing the hotel requires about 1,000 tonnes of frozen water and about 30,000 m3 of ‘snice’ (snow and ice; ice particles from Torne River mixed with air). According to their website, “‘Snice’ resembles snow in that it is white and used for insulation, but structurally it is stronger and purer than just snow.” The hotel attracts around 50,000 guests from roughly 80 different countries during its four months standing. It is also open to the public for viewing during the day. The hotel’s artists are hand picked from hundreds of applicants by a jury each year. The opportunity to design a suite in such

an exquisite hotel is a once-in-a-life-time experience for these artists, and no doubt an exciting and challenging project. Surprisingly the panel does not require artists to have set experience when applying for the role. “The mix of experience and inexperience allows for the development of fresh ideas. This is the key to our innovation and has been for almost 25 years.” The Ice Church is a significant feature to the Ice Hotel, as it unsurprisingly attracts many weddings from around the globe. Couples can be wed in a traditional white gown or a warm snowsuit – anything goes. “Although our Ice Church returns to the river in spring, love is eternal.” The beautifully sculpted church can accommodate up to 45 people. The Ice Bar is an extended experience of the exquisite hotel, found in Jukkasjärvi, Stockholm and London, and a few additional popup bars that appear for only a short period of time. The bars are also constructed from the Torne River’s frozen waters and the Ice Hotel’s artistic design aesthetic is sustained through each project. - The Ice Hotel is currently on the hunt for next year’s artists, with guidelines on how to apply on their website.


“My sister got married at the chapel which was very beautiful, we all stayed 1 night in the ice rooms (which is the maximum your allowed) with big double man sleeping bags, thermals on and big fur blankets. They wake you up early in the morning with hot lingonberry juice (probably to make sure your still alive). We then stayed in their warm cabins for a few nights. It was such a magical experience, doing shots in the ice bar, going on husky pulled sleigh rides through the forest in the moonlight, my eyelashes freezing together, to a little wood cabin for a cup of tea and eating hot greasy reindeer and chips, feeling the inside of your nose freeze every time you breath in. It was very cool (pun intended) and I will definitely go again. Really amazing how the ice insulates and makes it much warmer than the -40 outside.� - Jessie Saunders

THE ICE HOTEL

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SPECTER IN THE MIST Photography & Styling | Emma Beamish Fashion Assistant | Rachel Smith Clothing | Asos


Zaha

Hadid Liquid Glacial Tables Zaha Hadid has designed a series of tables inspired by ice formations. Made from clear acrylic, the table surface is set like ice, which melts into the vortex that pools into the legs of the table. Though solid as frozen ice, the waves in the glass add movement to the pieces, as though it would ripple to touch. Beautifully fragile to the eye, the set consists of a dining table (conjoining two sections) and a coffee table. The first section of the dining table is 2515mm long and the second, 2827mm, making it perfectly adjustable to the number of dining guests. Both sections are 1405mm wide, with the coffee table slightly smaller at just 2500mm by 870mm. The liquid glacial tables are currently exhibited among other artists at the David Gill Gallery in London. The tables are among a series in Hadid’s

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fluid forms, which are informed by multiple perspectives in defiance of accepted ways of working in space. Hadid has lived in London since attending the Architectural Association in 1972. She is renowned for her many epic projects, which includes The London Aquatics Centre for the 2012 Olympic Games, which has recently opened its doors to the public. Zaha Hadid Architects is one of six British architecture studios selected to design water fountains for various sites across London for the Architects’ Journal Kiosk design challenge. Hadid’s design is a stunning cantilevered canopy and collection pool. The designs were exhibited at The Building Centre in February and March this year.


Water is an intimate experience; you can’t separate yourself from it.

- Roni Horn, Writer

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THE ICE As you wait eagerly in the queue for the Ice Bar, you are provided with thermal hooded ponchos with gloves attached to keep you warm. As you walk through the doors, you are hit by the icy cold temperature of -5°c. The room is relatively small but it’s the innovative design and the fact that the entire structure is built of ice that makes it so exquisite. Everyone immediately disperses to explore every corner of the bar, while flashes from cameras blend with the changing of coloured lighting against the ice. There are different areas to discover with hidden seating, miniature sculptures and wall carvings. They call it ‘frozen architecture’. The bar is the centerpiece of the venue. Your 40minute visit comes with a free cocktail from either the vodka or champagne based menus, depending on your ticket. Any further drinks come at the typical cocktail price of £4, and don’t forget which glass is yours! The glasses are also made of ice. You can feel them

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melt against your lips as you take a sip. After each session, all the glasses are melted down ready to be reshaped into new ones – so any breakage here is never wasted. The Ice Bar takes on a new interior design each year, so you can revisit and relive a fresh experience every time. It’s a thrilling experience with smiles all round as guests sit on the cushioned ice block seating and relish in the glacial surroundings. It’s one of those experiences that open your eyes to the beauty within the simplest of things. You’ll be left with a thirst for more. Tickets for the Ice Bar are just £13 when you book in advance – which is highly recommended to guarantee your entry – or £17 if you’d like to upgrade to a champagne-based drink. Situated in the heart of London, the Ice Bar can be found on Heddon Street and unlike the grand Ice Hotel, it is open to visitors all year round.


Photographs by Emma Beamish

BAR

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Places to Visit Skaftafell Ice Cave, Iceland

Iceland’s stunning caves are the result of flowing water melting a tunnel within a glacier. The results are crystal-like magic. Guided tours through these beautiful caves are available every year between November and March.

Harbin Ice Festival, China

Each year China plays host to the world’s most magnificent ice and snow festival. Next year’s festival will run from January 5th until February 28th and includes a whole host of icy activities and amusements, like the Ice and Snow Amusement World, pictured above.

Antipode, Ronchini Gallery

Antipode is an exhibition of the new works by Dutch artist Bernadnaut Smilde, which includes his Nimbus series - real clouds suspended indoors. His works are truly inspirational. The exhibition runs until June 14th 2014.

Koei Space Printer, Japan

The Koei Space Printer is an amazing clock installation in Osaka Station. The clock prints the time using water, like a digital fountain. Displaying the time every few minutes, the clock also prints intricate floral patterns and has become a great attraction to the shopping mall.

Sea of Stars, Vaadhoo Island, Maldives

At night, the phytoplankton in the sea light up the ocean like a galaxy of stars. The view is absolutely breathtaking making it the perfect destination for a romantic stroll on the beach.

Plitvice Lakes, Croatia

Water running over the limestone and chalk over thousands of years, has led to the formation of these stunning damns which with it brings beautiful lakes, caves and waterfalls.

Photograph courtesy of Diego R

Installations | Exhibitions | Events | Nature


Vapour magazine has searched the globe for the world’s most thrilling aquatic sights and experiences.

Underwater Waterfall, Mauritius Island Sand is drawn into a plunging abyss off Mauritius Island to create the illusion of an underwater waterfall. The view from above the island is uniquely exquisite.

Lake Hillier, Australia

Australia’s pink lake is the result of a dye caused by algae and bacteria in its water. This may sound toxic, however the lake is not known to cause any ill health. We are safe to admire its uniquely coloured hue.

Caño Cristales River, Columbia

Thought to be one of the most beautiful rivers in the world, the Caño Cristales River is dubbed ‘The Liquid Rainbow’. The aquatic plants and corals that live within its waters create colourful patches of red, green, yellow, black and blue.

Pamukkale Hot Springs, Turkey

Pamukkale’s hot springs are the number one destination for a theraputic holiday. Although it may look cold, it is bikini weather all year round. The white limestone creates the effect of snowy ground, providing the perfect Atlantic illusion.

Bigar Waterfall, Romania

Known as ‘the miracle from the Minis gorge’, its structure is 8m tall and covered in green moss, creating a beautifully echanted waterfall.

Fly Geyser, Nevada

Fly Geyser was created by accident due to a geothermal test well being inadequately capped. Scalding water has erupted from the well ever since and formed this interesting shape.

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Photograph by Emma Beamish

Peter Pilotto at Matches www.matchesfashion.com

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Saloni at Matches www.matchesfashion.com Vionnet at Farfetch www.farfetch.com 3.1 Phillip Lim at Matches www.matchesfashion.com



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