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CATALOG 1930

1931

6$,

©

4*

©S. PUBLISHED BY

The Western Theological Seminary of the Refoimed Church in America HOLLAND, MICHIGAN


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Western Theological S e m i n a r y -

OF THE —

R E F O R M E D C H U R C H IN A M E R I C A

CATALOG 1930 - 1931

HOLLAND, MICHIGAN


CALENDAR 1930 September 17, 2 p. m.

Entrance examinations.

September 18, 8 a. m.

Lectures begin.

November

Thanksgiving recess.

2 7 .....

D e c e m b e r 19, noon

Christmas recess begins.

1931 Januax-y 7 .................. Lectures x-esumed. January

29-30..............First semester examinations.

M a r c h 11................... D a y of px-ayer. May

12-13.................. Final examinations -and meeting of B o a r d of Supexnntendents.

M a y 13..................... C o m m e n c e m e n t September 16, 2

p. m .......Entrance examinations.

September 17, 8

a. m .......Lectures begin.

N o v e m b e r 26................ Thanksgiving D e c e m b e r 18, n o o n ......... Christmas i-ecess begins.

1932 January

6.................. Lectures resumed.

January

28-29.............. First semester examinations.

M a r c h 10.................... D a y of prayer. May

11-12.................. Final examinations and meeting of B o ard of Supex-intendents.

M a y 12...................... C o m m e n c e m e n t .


B O A R D OF SUPERINTENDENTS Ex-Officio P r e s . S. C. N e t t i n g a ................................. President P r e s . W . W i c k e r s .................. President of H o p e College P r e s .J o

h n

W

e s s e l i n k .............President

B

o e v e , D.D.,

of Central College

F r o m the S y n o d of N e w Y o r k R

ev.L ucas

R

e v .Ja c o b

Kingston, N. Y ................... 1934

F r o m the S y n o d of Albany V

E

an

s s , Catskill,

N. Y ........................ 1934

F r o m the S y n o d of N e w Brunswick Rev. D

V

avid

an

S t r i e n , Woodcliff, N. J .................. 1933 F r o m the S y n o d of Chicago

R e v . T. W . M E

lder

R

ev.

C. D

R. D. M

R

e v . R.

E

lder

V

an

B. K

South Holland, 111....

.1930

G r a n d Rapids, M i c h ......... Detroit, M i c h ..............

.1931 .1934

B e r g , Zeeland, M i c h ..........

.1932

uilenberg,

osker,

eengs, den

loese,

Chicago, 111..................

.1933

F r o m the S y n o d of Iowa , Sioux Center, la..........

.1930

, Pella, la............

.1934

B e e r , Stout, la....................

.1933

D e n e k a s , Pekin, 111. ............... ... e v . H. C o l e n b r a n d e r , O r a n g e City, la........

.1934 .1932

R

e v . A.

E

lder

G. H. W

H

E

lder

P. D

R R

ev.W.

averkamp

e

ormhoudt

F r o m the Classes Chicago............... R e v . J o G r a n d Rapids......... G. J. H Holland............... R

h n

K

u i t e ........

1933

...........

.1931

Peursem

1933 1934

ekhuis

e v . Jo h n

V

a n

Illinois................ R e v . H. H o f f s ........... K a l a m a z o o ............ R e v . J. J. H o l l e b r a n d s .... M u s k e g o n ............. R

ev.

J. B

ovenkerk

......

1932 1932

Cascades........................................ D a k o t a ................R e v . G e o . E. C o o k ................... 1933 G e r m a n i a ............. R e v . J o h a n n S c h m i d t ............. 1930 Pella..................R

e v . C.

Pleasant Prairie...... R

ev.

D

H. H

olfin

..................... 1930

u e n e m a n n

................ 1934


East-Sioux. W e s t Sioux.

R

Wisconsin..

R

e v . J.

M. L u

m k e s

................. 1934

R e v . F r e d L u b b e r s ................. 1934 e v . A.

T. L a

m a n

.................. 1934

Officers of the Board President....

............. R

Vice President

....................... R

ev.

T. M

Stated Clerk....

....................... R

ev.

G. J. H

ev.

R

V

ichard

an

den

B erg

uilenberg ekhuis

Executive Com m i t t e e R

ev.

R. V

a n

den

B erg R

R ev.

G. J. H

ev.

S. C. N

ettinga

ekhuis

Trustees of the Seminary *Ho

n

. G e r r i t J. D i e k e m a , L.L.D., President D r . S. C. N e t t i n g a , Treasurer M

r.

Jo

N. T r o m p e n

h n

M

r

. A. M D

r

eyer

. E. J. B M

r

lekkink

, Vice Pres.

.Cornelius D M

r

.H

enry

osker

E. L a n g e l a n d

COMMITTEE ON EXAMINATION A N D RECEPTION OF N E W Pres. W. W

STUDENTS

ickers

R

ev.

R

ichard

E

V

anden

lder

C. D

B

erg

osker

Se m i n a r y F a c u l t y COMMITTEE O N R

e v . H.

Colenbrander

^Deceased.

SYNODICAL

REPORT


THE FACULTY R

S i e b e C. N

everend

ettinga,

D. D.

President Professor of Historical Theology Treasurer of the Trustees of the S e m i n a r y 133 W

R

E

everend

E

est

vert

leventh

J. B

St .

lekkink

, D. D.

Emeritus Professor of Systematic Theology 303 C o l l e g e A R

everend

H

enry

H

ve.

ospers,

D. D.

Professor of Old Testament L a n g u a g e s a n d Literature 26 E a s t T w e l f t h S t .

R

Ja c o b V

everend

ander

M

eulen

, D.D.

Biemolt Professor of N e w Testament L a n g u a g e a n d Literature Secretary of the Faculty 29 E

R

everend

ast

A

Si x t e e n t h St .

P i e t e r s , D. D.

lbertus

Dosker-Hidswit, Professor of Bible a n d Missions Foundation in m e m o r y of Rev. and Mrs. N. Dosker a nd Mr. a n d Mrs. F r a n k M . Hulswit

Librarian 44 E

R

e v .Jo h n

ast

R. M

F

ifteenth

ulder,

St .

A. M . (U. of M.)

Professor of Practical Theology In charge of Student Preaching 408 C o l l e g e A

N

icholas

G

osselink,

ve.

A. B., B. Music

Instructor in Mus i c

R

ev.

W

infield

B

urggraaf,

Th. D.

Elected Professor of Systematic Theology T o begin w o r k Sept., 1931


GRADUATE STUDENTS Rev>-E. J. V a n Dy-ke...^-................................ Holland SENIOR CLASS H. J o h n Aberson, A . B ............................... Alton, Iowa Central College, 1927 / H a r r y Brower, A . B ..................................... Zeeland H o p e College, 1928 •'Peter A. D e Jong, A . B ............................... Pella, Iowa Central College, 1928 Cornelius Dykhuisen, A . B .............................. Holland H o p e College, 1925 / * H e r m a n Harmelink, A.B...................... O r a n g e City, I o w a Central College, 1928 Harold Hesselink, A . B ........................... Oostburg, Wis. H o p e College, 1928 ► J o h n H. Keuning, A . B ............................... Pella, Iowa Central College, 1928 — ■G. B e r n a r d Muyskens, A . B .......................... Alton, Iowa Central College, 1928 -“• M a r i o n Nollen, A . B .................................. Pella, Iowa Central College, 1928 —

Bert V a n Malsen, A . B ............................G r a n d Rapids H o p e College, 1928 / Nelson V a n Raalte, A . B ................................ Holland H o p e College, 1928 ^ J o h n Moedt, A. B .............................. Grandville, Mich. H o p e College, 1928 MIDDLE CLASS * N E l m e r Borr, A . B ...........-..... .................. Pella, Iowa Central College, 1929

'Vjarret Docter,

A . B .............................. Holland, Neb. Central College, 1929

Greenway, Leonard.............................. G r a n d Calvin College, 1929 First Y e a r at Calvin Seminary

Rapids

^ Nicholas Keizer, A . B ............................. B y r o n Center H o p e College, 1928 ^Lester J. Kuyper, A . B .................... Valley Springs, S. D. H o p e College, 1928 ) | J o h a n Mulder, A . B ........................ ............. Zeeland H o p e College, 1929 '


'iienry R. Nyhof, A . B ..................... Central College, 1929

.......Ireton, Iowa

R i c h a r d Oudersluys, A . B .................. Calvin College, 1928

...... G r a n d Rapids

^derrit Rezelman, A . B ..................... H o p e College, 1929

........... Holland

Garrett Rozenboom, A.B.................. H o p e College, 1929

Sioux Center, Iowa

'"Henry Steunenberg, A . B .................. Central College, 1929

..... G r a n d Rapids

H a r m J. T i m m e r , A . B ..................... H o p e College, 1929

...... Steen, Minn.

H a r r y V a n ’t Kerkhof, A . B ............... Central College

.Sioux Center, I o w a

J o h n Vos, A . B

........ Hull, Iowa Central College, 1929

JUNIOR CLASS Bast,

H e n r y ...........

.............Fennville Hope, 1930

D e Jong, Cornelius V a n R o o y e n ......... ... O r a n g e City, Iowa Central, 1930 Elzinga, Richard G .....

.......... Chicago, 111. Hope, 1930 ........Clymer, N. Y.

vk o g e n b o o m , Leonard S.. Hope, 1930

a

.........Cleveland, O.

m n o p m a n , A u g u s t J .... Calvin, 1930

V k a n s e n , Theodore Albert................ .. O r a n g e City, I o w a Central, 1928 Algers,

L a m b e r t ......

YSchipper,

.............. Holland Hope, 1930

»

Clarence

H....

.............. Zeeland Hope, 1930

K^cholten, H o w a r d Bliss...

.............. Holland Hope, 1930

'T’inklenberg, A n t h o n y ..

..... Edgerton, Minn. Calvin, 1929

•Wissink, Charles.

O r a n g e City, Iowa Central, 1930


SPECIAL STUDENTS Mrs. Sarah A. Z w e m e r ....................................India Martin Scholten ....................................... Holland C A N D I D A T E S F O R T H E TH. M. D E G R E E Peter A. D e J o n g .................................... Pella, Iowa J ohn H. K e n n i n g .................................... Pella, Iowa Marion Nollen ...................................... Pella, Iowa G. Bernard M u y s k e n s ...............................Alton, Iowa S U M M A R Y Graduate Students during the year.......................... 1 Pine L o d g e S u m m e r

School..................................25

Senior Class ................................................. 12 Middle Class................................................. 14 Junior Class ................................................ 11 Special

.....................................................

2

Candidates for Th.M. Degree ................................

4

Total ..................

69

Deduct for double count.............................. :....... 4 Total attendance .....

65


T H E COURSE OF S T U D Y W o r k in the various departments of the seminary is described below s o m e w h a t m o r e in detail. N o t all courses given are here described, as s o m e of the w o r k is b y special arrangement to m e e t desires of special groups of students. H E B R E W — L A N G U A G E A N D EXEGESIS Junior Class Course 1. The Hebrew Language. A. B. Davidson’s textbook will be used as a guide. Translations in writing of model sentences f r o m H e b r e w into English and f r o m English into Hebrew, supplemented in the second semester b y translations f r o m the books of Joshua and Samuel. Study of a select vocabulary. F o u r hours a w e e k through the year. Course 2. Continuation Course. Summer Corre­ spondence Course. T h e B o o k of H a g g a i will be taken up during the s u m m e r of ’30. Middle Class Course 3. Lectures on Prophets and Prophecy. Course 4. Minor Prophets. Introduction. Exegesis of A m o s , Hosea, Hab a k k u k , Haggai, Malachi. Course 5. Lectures on Graphical Inspiration as re­ lated to T h e Prophetical Books. Senici Class Course 6. Lectures on Old Testament Inspiration: Revelation a n d Inspiration; Lyric Inspiration; Chokmatic Inspiration; Prophetic Inspiration; Instruments of Inspiration. These lectures will be supplemented b y a study of the original of the Old Testament references, as a basis for advanced Hebrew. Course 7. Messianic Prophecy. A study of the doc­ trinal background, together with the Pentateuchal question. D e velopment of the Messianic Idea in a Series of Exegetical Lectures beginning with the “Protevangel.” Course 8. Major Prophets. A M u d y of T h e B o o k of Isaiah. Course 9. The Canon of The Old Testament. O n e hour a w e e k through the second semester.


G R E E K — L A N G U A G E A N D EXEGE S I S Junior Class Course 10. Introduction to the Language of the N e w Testament. Lectures on the significance of the papyri discoveries, grammatical peculiarities of the koine, etc. T h e student becomes familiar with the lan­ guage in which the N e w Testament is written through the study of the Gospel according to Mark. T w o hours a w e e k through the year. Course 11. Introduction to the Writings of the New Testament. This is a study of Higher Criticism relating to canonicity, authorship, integrity, place, date and pur­ pose of all N e w Testament books. O n e hour a w e e k throughout the year. Middle Class Course 12. General Introduction to the Letters of Paul followed by a closely exegetical study of the Epistle to the Romans. Three hours a week, first semes­ ter. Course 13. Exegetical Study of Galatians Colossians. T w o hours a week, second semester.

and

Hermeneutics. 1 hour a week, second semester. Senior Class Course 14. A Critical Study of the Epistle to the Hebrews. Lectures on authorship, destination and scope are given b y the instructor. T w o hours a week, first semester. Course 15. The Gospel according to John. T h e question of Johannine authorship of N e w Testament writings receives careful attention. Selected portions are studied exegetically. T w o hours a week, second semester. Hermeneutics. 1 hour a week, second semester.


HISTORICAL T H E O L O G Y Junior Class Course 16. Intertestamentary History. A study of the fortunes of the J e w s during the period between the Testaments a n d the development of their religious thought a n d life. Also the intellectual a n d religious life of the Greeks a n d the R o m a n s . T h e purpose of this course is to b e c o m e acquainted with the back­ ground of the Christian church, a n d thus to indicate the large preparation m a d e for the Christian era. O n e a n d one-half hours a week, first semester. Course 17. The Apostolic Age. A study in the be­ ginnings of the Christian C h u r c h as to its thought, life, organization, a n d worship. Its purpose is to serve as a n introduction to C h u r c h history proper. O n e and one-half hours a week, first semester. Course 18. The Old Catholic Church Age. This course traces the g r owth of the C h u r c h during the second and third centuries; the persecution, the intellectual and religious attacks m a d e up o n it, and the various m e a n s b y w hich it defended itself. T h e purpose of the course is to trace the triumph of the Church, as also the m o d i ­ fication it underwent in its organization, its doctrine, life and worship. O n e and one-half hours a week, sec­ ond semester. Course 19. The Age of Controversy. This course deals with the several m o v e m e n t s affecting the C h u r c h ; such as the state, the church, the barbarian invasions, the great doctrinal controversies, a n d the several efforts m a d e to restore it to its m o r e primitive condi­ tion. O n e a n d one-half hours a week, second semester. Middle Class Course 20. The Middle Ages. A study of the e xpan­ sion of the C h u r c h a m o n g the North-European people; the conflict between C h u r c h a n d State in the several countries of E u r o p e ; the separation between the Greek and Latin Churches; the ascetic, intellectual and re­ f o r m m o v e m e n t s a n d the background of the Protestant Reformation. Three hours a week, first semester.


Course 21. The Protestant Reformation. Its causes; its essential character; its fundamental principles; its progress and fortunes in the several countries; the Puritan m o v e m e n t ; its results. Three hours a week, second semester. Senior Class Course 22. The Counter Reformation. T h e religious w a r s ; the doctrinal development of the a g e ; organiza足 tion of the Protestant Churches and the changes in worship. T w o hours a week, first semester. Course 23. The Latter Half of the Modern Era. A study of Denominational development; the intellectual revolution in its various forms; the religious revivals and reform m o v e m e n t s ; and the C h urch union m o v e 足 ment. Three hours a week, second semester. T h e following courses are open to candidates for the Th.M. Degree: Course 24. The Theological Controversies of the A n 足 cient Church. Course 25. The Calvinistic Reformation. Course 26. The Intellectual Revolution of the Mod足 ern Era. SYSTEMATIC T H E O L O G Y Junior Class Course 28. Studies in the Doctrinal Standards of the Reformed churches. Three hours a week, first semester. Course. 29. Theology..a. Introduction, the doctrine of God, the doctrine of creation. Three hours a week, second semseter. Middle Class Course 30. Theology b. T h e doctrine of m a n , the doctrine of the person and w o r k of Christ. Three hours a week, first semester.


Course 31. Theology c. T h e doctrine of the Spirit, and the doctrine of Salvation. Three hours a week, sec­ ond semester. Senior Class Course 32. Christian Ethics. T w o hours a week, first semester. Course 33. Theology d. T h e doctrine of the church. O n e hour a week, first semester. Course 34. Theology e. T h e doctrine of the last things. Three hours a week, second semester. Courses for graduate students only: Course 35. Christianity and the N e w Religious ed­ ucation. Pine L o d g e S u m m e r School of Theology, 1928. Course 36. T h e Christian Doctrine of Sin. Pine. L odge S u m m e r School of Theology, 1929. Course 37. Calvinistic Theology. Semi n a r Course, one year (given b y special arrangement). Course 38. M o d e r n i s m b y survey of recent litera­ ture. O n e year Seminar. (Given b y special arrange­ ment). PRACTICAL T H E O L O G Y Junior Class Course 39. Homiletics. A study of the theory of preaching, types of sermons, developments of outlines, intensive ”tudy of sermons of several great preachers; delivery of sermons with attention given to the matter of elocution. Three hours a week, first semester. Course 40. Homiletics, continued. Preparation of s e rmon outlines for personal use, delivery of sermons with special attention to detail of pulpit manners, pres­ ence, a n d elocution. Study of the Narrative type of sermon. O n e hour a week, second semester. Course 41. Pastoral Theology. Personal conduct of the pastor in respect to himself, his family, his parish­ ioners, his co m m u n i t y ; public conduct in worship, ser­ vices, funerals, a n d such other ministries as m a y be asked of him. T w o hours a week, second semester.


Middle Class Course 42. Theory of Religious Education. A gen­ eral knowledge of the pedagogical, psychological, and historical developments in the field of education is pre­ s u m e d for this course. T h e endeavor is to indicate the significance of these developments in the history of religious education, the theory of religious education, in the study of the child, and in curriculum. Three hours a week, first semester. Course 43. Institutions of Religious Education. Special pedagogy of Religious Education, the function of the home, the week-day Bible School, the S u n d a y School, the various kinds of organizations for w o r k with children and y o u n g people. Children’s sermons. T w o hours a week, second semester. Course 44. Homiletics. T h e Expository sermon. Actual exposition of sections of the Scriptures. Prepar­ ation of outlines. O n e hour a week, second semester. Senior Class Course 45. Church and Community. Lectures on Sociology; objectives of the church; h o w to begin in a n e w c o m m u n i t y ; the c o m m u n i t y s u rvey; evangelism; the rural church with its prob l e m s ; city problems and the city church. T w o hours a week, first semester. Course 46. Church Administration. Types of church g o v e r n m e n t ; relation of church and state; Constitution of the R e f o r m e d C h u r c h ; principles of church organiza­ tion ; church finance, program, and principles of ef­ ficiency. T w o hours a week, second semester. Course 47. Homiletics. Doctrinal preaching with sermons on the Catechism. O n e hour a week, second semester. Courses for Graduate Students only: Course 48. T h e Psychology of Religion: nature of subject, m e t h o d s of investigation, the data, con­ clusions ; schools, the n e w e r psychology, mysticism. Semi n a r course, one year, b y arrangement. Course 49. T h e Philosophy of Religion: nature of religion deduced f r o m psychology and science of re­ ligion ; problem of knowledge, a n d of value; theism. Seminar, b y arrangement.


E N G L I S H BIBLE A N D MISSIONS Junior Class Course 50. Old Testament History. (1) Universal History — first ten chapters of Genesis, studied with reference to the exegetical, scientific, and religious problems involved, with special emphasis upon the uni­ versal character of this section of the Bible. (2) Patri­ archal History — the great promise to A b r a h a m and his seed, with N e w Testament interpretation thereof, the fortunes of the patriarchs, etc. (3) Mosaic History — the exodus, contemporary conditions in Egypt, the Sinaitic covenant and its relation to the N e w Testa­ ment, structure and symbolism of the tabernacle, the sacrifices, experiences en route to the promised land. (4) History of the Conquest and of the Judges. (5) History of the United King d o m . (6) History of the Divided K i n g d o m . (7) Exilic a n d Post-exilic History, to the close of the Old Testament canon. Constant attention is paid in this course to the mo s t recent archaelogical discoveries in Bible lands, as well as to the reconstruction of the history d e m a n d e d by the Graf-Wellhausen hypothesis a n d the credibility of such re-construction. Reference reading, under guid­ ance of the instructor, is required, the attention of stu­ dents being directed to standard works of both con­ servative and liberal writers. Three hours a week, first semester, a n d four weeks of second semester. Middle Class Course 51. N e w Testament History. (1) H a r m o n y of the gospels — the life of Christ — historical and exegetical problems involved in this history. T h e a i m of this course is to enable the student to see Jesus, first as an historical character, w h o m w e k n o w from unimpeachable historical sources, and then as the GodM a n , m o v i n g a m o n g m e n as only the incarnate G o d could m o v e a m o n g them. (2) Apostolic history, con­ sidered as the continued activity of the risen and glori­ fied Redeemer, through his authorized spokesmen and the organized body of his followers. Note-taking on readings in authoritative w orks dealing with the his­ torical a n d critical problems raised b y the history forms


an important element in this course. Three hours a week, first semester, and four w eeks of second s emes­ ter. Senior Class Course 52. Psalms, Wisdom, Literature and Proph­ ets. This course covers rapidly all the books of the Old Tes t a m e n t not studied in Course 1. T h e general char­ acter and distinctive mess a g e of each book is taken up, with a m i n i m u m of attention to detailed exegesis or to the critical problems involved. Careful attention is paid to historical questions that have a direct bearing upon the contents of the various b o o k s ; also to the use m a d e of the said books in the N e w Testament. Regular refer­ ence reading is required. Three hours a week, first semester only. MISSIONS Junior Class Course 53. History of Missions. After a brief re­ view of the early and medieval missionary work, this course presents the rise, progress, and achievements of Protestant missionary effort, studying the history and influence of the great missionary societies, lives of eminent missionaries, the rise of churches in mission lands, and present conditions. Reference reading. Three hours a week, ten weeks of second semester. Middle Class Course 54. Theory of Missions. Lectures on nature and purpose of foreign missionary w o r k ; qualifications, preparation, and appointment of missionaries, organiza­ tion and authority of B o a r d of Mission; living condi­ tions on the field; methods, difficulties and results; special problems of missions of the R e f o r m e d Church in America. Reference reading. Three hours a week, ten w eeks of second semester. Senior Class Course 55. Comparative Study of Religions. His­ tory, underlying principles, doctrines, moral teachings, actual moral and religious values, etc., of Anim i s m , Nature Worship, Hinduism, Confucianism, Buddhism, Shintoism, a n d M o h a m m e d a n i s m , studied in the light of the claims and doctrines of the Christian revelation. Reference reading. Second semester, t w o hours a week.


THE CALENDAR YEAR The Calendar.— T h e Seminary opens on the third W e d n e s d a y in September, at 2:00 P. M., w h e n the c o m ­ mittee meets for the reception of students. It closes on the second W e d n e s d a y in Ma y , with the A n n u a l C o m ­ m encement, at w hich addresses are m a d e by one stu­ dent and a m e m b e r of the B oard of Superintendents appointed for that purpose. Conditions of Entrance.— E v e r y applicant is required to present a testmonial of church m e m b e r s h i p and one of literary qualifications. Graduates of a college of rec­ ognized standing, w h o s e course of study includes a sufficient a m o u n t of Greek, Latin, a n d Philosophy, will be admitted u p o n presentation of the usual credentials. Students are accepted f r o m a n y denomination of Christians. T h e requirements of the Constitution in regard to students preparing for the ministry in the R e f o r m e d C h urch are as follows: “A n y m e m b e r of a R e f o r m e d C h u r c h w h o c o ntem­ plates entering the w o r k of the ministry shall furnish to one of the theological schools satisfactory evidence of his being a m e m b e r of the church in full c o m m u n i o n and in good standing, a n d of his piety, abilities and literary attainments, before he begins his course of theological studies. H e shall thereupon be admitted into the school, and during the prosecution of his studies there shall be subject to its rules and regulations. W h e n he shall have completed the prescribed course of theo­ logical studies, he shall be admitted to a n examination for licensure b y the Classis to which the church belongs of which he w a s a m e m b e r w h e n he entered upon his theological studies.” Constitution, Sec. 9. Attendance.— It is expected that every student will be present punctually at the daily chapel service, at all the class exercises, a n d at all other regular appoint­ m e n t s of the Seminary. A n y student w h o finds it necessary to be absent f r o m any Seminary exercise is expected to obtain f r o m the President permission for absence.


Examinations.— Examinations are held at the close of each semester. Those at the close of the first semes­ ter are written, graded b y the professors in charge, and sent to the Com m i t t e e on examinations of the Board of Superintendents as an exhibition of the w o r k done in the school. Examinations at the end of the second semester m a y be merely oral, before committees of the Board, or written in addition, at the option of the pro­ fessor in charge. Regular reports are sent to the students at the end of each semester.

S T U D E N T DOINGS Religious.— A prayer meeting for students and facul­ ty together is held each week. There are often group students meetings in addition. Students are encouraged to discuss personal difficulty with their professors, and the class r o o m w o r k in every department is held as close as possible to the actual experiences of religious life. In this w a y every effort is m a d e to help the stu­ dents keep the tone of their religious life strong and true. Students of the seminary get the advantage of the religious activities of H o p e College students. T h e y unite in H o m e Volunteer and Foreign Volunteer meetings. Musical.— U n d e r the direction of Mr. Nicholas Gosselink, A.B., B. Music, a chorus is organized, meeting every week. This has developed into a splendid group, rendering excellent programs, and adding greatly to seminary programs. M e m b e r s h i p is open to all, and is without expense. If there are students w h o desire, an elementary music class is also organized. Athletic.— Tennis courts are on the c a m p u s for those w h o desire. Opportunity for G y m n a s i u m w o r k and basketball has generally been possible b y kindly co­ operation of the college authorities. T h e basement of the dormitory provides a certain a m o u n t of apparatus, bowling, and opportunity for other g a m e s like table tennis. Social.— Dormitory life, in the t w o combined dormi­ tories, gives a great deal of opportunity for good fellow­ ship and sociability in the student life. It also gives op­


portunity for student initiative, for all these dormitory matters are left to the students themselves. A the 'beginning of each year is the faculty reception for the students, their y o u n g w o m a n friends, m e m b e r s of the college faculty, and local clergy. T o w a r d the end of each year a student reception, or banquet, is ten­ dered the faculty. The Adelphic Society.— Students and faculty m e e t once a w e e k for devotions, papers, debates, discussion, musical features also being found in the program. T h e meeting lasts a n hour on T u e s d a y nights. Sometimes it meets at the h o m e of one of the faculty m e m b e r s ; at other times in the reception r o o m of the Dormitory. All students are invited to attend this meeting. Contributions.— Students a n d Faculty together volutarily raise a contribution of m o n e y which is sent to s o m e one or other of the church Boards. Student Preaching.— Opportunities for preaching are offered the senior and middle classes, w h o all get equal opportunity so far as that is possible because of lan­ guage conditions. This whole matter is m a n a g e d b y Dr. Mulder at the request of the Faculty. Juniors are not allowed to preach during the first year, b y the rule of the Board of Superintendents. T h e rules of the seminary do not allow a n y student to have regular charge of a church. It is not considered possible for a student to do justice to his course while he carries the responsibility of a church.

SCHOLARSHIP, D E G R E E S E v e r y possible effort is m a d e to hold the scholarship of the seminary u p to the highest standards. Students m u s t not only have a four year college degree f r o m a college of recognized standing, but they m u s t prove their ability to do the work. W o r k in the class r o o m is carried on b y variety of m e t hods — text-book, syllabus with library references, m i m e o g r a p h texts prepared b y professors, discussion, informal and formal lectures, reports, essays, seminar. Thr o u g h o u t there is deliberately fostered opportunity to discuss directly with the professors.


All students w h o graduate f r o m the full course are entitled to the Professorial Certificate or Diploma. Stu­ dents w h o hold the degree of A.B. (or its equivalent degree, e.g., B.S.) will receive in addition to this the de­ gree of Th.B., provided their average record does not fall below 8 5 % . T h e degree of Th.M. will be given until M a y , 1931, under the conditions set forth below: Student m u s t hold Bachelor’s degree f r o m an ac­ credited college; Student m u s t finish three full years in an acceptable seminary, two of t h e m in our o w n s e m i n a r y ; Student m u s t maintain for the three seminary years an average of 8 5 % at least; Student m u s t do seminar w o r k for six semesters (double m a j o r in hours), four semesters in one depart­ ment. N E W C O N D I T I O N S F O R T H E TH. M. D E G R E E T h e B o a r d approved the following n e w conditions for the degree of Master in Theology, (Th. M.) 1. N o student shall be admitted to candidacy for the Th. M . degree unless he holds the degree of A. B. (or its scholastic equivalent degree) f r o m a standard college, and unless he be a graduate f r o m a theological seminary requiring at least 96 hours for graduation. 2. A candidate for the Th. M . degree shall spend at least one year in residence; the w o r k done shall be the equivalent of at least 24 semester hours. 3. Two-thirds of this time, at least, shall be spent in one department. T h e head of this department shall b e c o m e the candidate’s Ordinarius, and shall decide w h a t courses, if any, are to be taken outside his depart­ ment. 4. T h e candidate for the degree shall present a thesis bearing on s o m e phase of his m a j o r subject, the length and subject-matter of the thesis to satisfy his Ordinarius and at least one other m e m b e r of the Faculty.


5. Before the degree shall be a w a rded the candi­ date, he m u s t pass an oral examination before the en­ tire faculty to convince t h e m he is w o r t h y of the degree. T h e Councils of the colleges, both H o p e and Central, were petitioned to grant the Th. M . degree to m e n certified to t h e m b y the B o a r d of Superintendents.

STIPENDS, FEES, S C H O L A R S H I P There are no tuition fees of a n y sort. A small inci­ dental fee is, however, required of each student: ten dollars of the Juniors, and five dollars of Middles and of Seniors. T here are no graduation fees, but students desiring to receive the Th.B. diploma, or the Th.M. diploma f r o m H o p e College, are required to p a y a fee of ten dollars to the college. R o o m rent has been set at $60.00 for the school year, which covers all charges of heat, light, a n d other privileges. If this a m o u n t proves b u r d e n s o m e to any student, a stipend will be allowed h i m according to his needs. T h e S e m i n a r y has funds at its disposal, a n d needy students will have allowances m a d e according to their needs a n d circumstances. Stipends for support while in the school m a y be obtained also f r o m the Board of Education, 25 E. 22nd St., N e w Y o r k City. These sti­ pends are, however, allowed only to students of the R e ­ f ormed C h u r c h in America. A fellowship of $750.00 is a w a r d e d w h e n e v e r the Faculty is convinced that a graduate s h o w s special fit­ ness for advanced study. SEMINARY EXTENSION W O R K Pine Lodge Summer School of Theology. — In re­ sponse to requests c o ming n o w a n d again during recent years, S u m m e r school w o r k w a s b e g u n during the s u m ­ mer. Pine L o d g e assembly grounds, on Black Lake, about t w o miles f r o m Holland, offers a very attractive location. It is a beauty spot, with beautiful views, good fishing and boating, opportunity for bathing, pleasant grounds for relaxation a n d games. There is a good


hotel with reasonable terms. If ministers and their families could m a k e u p their m inds to locate there for a period of t w o weeks or more, there would be almost ideal opportunity for friendly visiting a n d informal discussion of all phases of religious life and work. T h e school has n o w been in operation for three summers. T h e first school w a s held during August, 1928, the first fifteen days of the month, and has been continued each s u m m e r since. T h e attendance each s u m m e r has been very satisfactory. Plans are under discussion for reorganization in order to appeal to a still larger n u m ­ ber. T h e following courses were given: Course 1. Christian Theology and the N e w Re­ ligious Education. Dr. Kuizenga. Course 2. Course 3.

The Intellectual Awakening of Europe. Dr. Nettinga. The Great Prophets. Dr. Pieters.

T h e next session of the school w a s held July 31— A u g u s t 14, 1929. T h e following courses were offered: Course 4.

The Christian Doctrine of Sin. Dr. Kuizenga. Course 5. Studies in Revelation of John. Dr. Pieters. Course 6. The Intellectual Awakening of Europe. Dr. Nettinga. T h e next session of the S u m m e r School w a s held July 30-August 13. T h e following courses were offered: Course 7. Christianity in the Crucible of M o d e m Thought. Prof. Clarence B o u w m a , Th.D. Course 8. Aspects of Prophecy and Eschatology. Prof. Albertus Pieters, D.D. Course 9. The Counter-Reformation. Prof. Siebe C. Nettinga, D.D. Extension Lectures.— M e m b e r s of the Faculty are prepared to give semi-popular lectures on phases of thought in connection with their o w n departments. These lectures are planned for meetings of Bible classes, Brotherhoods, mid- w e e k church meetings. T h e y


m a y be obtained if the lecturers are provided with lodging and expenses of the trip. Those w h o desire these lectures m a y correspond directly with the speak­ er they desire. It is not sure all w h o request lectures can be answered favorably, since there is a limit to a professor’s absence f r o m his classes. It would be well, therefore, to write early. B U I L DINGS A N D E Q U I P M E N T Beardslee Library.— Comfortable reference and read ing rooms. Current theological magazines. A b o u t 14,000 volumes n o w on the shelves. A card catalogue covers both authors and titles, and subjects — with index of periodicals. N e w books are added every year, a n d funds are on h a n d so that n e w books desired for investigation of special subjects can be had. Semilink Hall.— Contains five lecture rooms, and a comfortable chapel. The Dormitories. — T h e seminary has t w o dormi­ tories. Semi n a r y Hall w a s built in 1910. It is a comfort­ able building of brick, finished in oak throughout. It has thirty rooms, with hot and cold water in each room, showers a n d tub baths. R o o m s are furnished save for sheets, pillow cases a n d towels. T h e basement has s o m e g y m n a s i u m apparatus, bowling alley, and tables for games. T h e N e w Dormitory w a s finished in 1928. It is also a brick building, finished in oak. In this dormi­ tory are twenty-six rooms. A t the end of each year students in the senior and middle classes cast lots for rooms. R o o m s are assigned to the n e w junior class in order of application. Heating Plant.— A central heating plant furnishes steam heat to all the buildings. E v e r y effort is m a d e to keep all the buildings perfectly comfortable. T h e plant is fully adequate to its purpose. HISTORICAL D A T A Theological instruction “in the west” began in 1867, after the first graduating class of H o p e College had petitioned General S y n o d for permission to continue theological studies in the college. S y n o d granted the


request. In 1867 the Rev. Cornelius E. Crispell w a s elected professor of Didactic and Polemic theology. W i t h the help of other professors in the college theo­ logical studies were carried on until 1877, w h e n theo­ logical instruction w a s suspended. In 1884 theological instruction w a s begun anew, and the seminary w a s separated f r o m the college and m a d e a separate institution. T h e Rev. Nicholas M . Steffens, D.D., w a s elected professor of Didactic and Polemic theology, and the Rev. Peter Moerdyke, D. D., an d the Rev. H e n r y E. Dosker, D.D., as temporary Lectors . Chair of Systematic Theology Rev. Rev. Rev. Rev. Rev. Rev. Rev.

N. M . Steffens, D.D., 1884-1895. Egberts Winter, D.D., 1895-1904. Gerrit H. Dubbink, D.D., 1904-1910. N. M. Steffens, D.D., 1911-1912. E. J. Blekkink, D.D., 1912-1928. J. E. Kuizenga, D.D., 1928-1930. W . Burggraaf, Th.D., 1931-

Chair of Biblical Languages and Literature Rev. J. W . Beardslee, D.D., 1888-1913 Chair of Hebrew Rev. J. W . Beardslee, D.D., 1913-1917. Rev. H e n r y Hospers, D.D., 1917Rev. Rev. Rev. Rev.

Chair of Historical Theology H e n r y E. Dosker, D.D., 1894-1903. N. M. Steffens, D.D., 1903-1911. M a t t h e w Kolyn, D.D., 1910-1918 S. C. Nettinga, D.D., 1918Chair of Practical Theology

Rev. Jas. F. Z w e m e r , D.D., 1907-1916. Rev. John E. Kuizenga, D.D., 1915-1928 Rev. J o h n R. Mulder, A.M., 1928. Chair of N e w Testament Rev. John W . Beardslee, Jr., Ph.D., 1913-1917. Rev. Jacob VanderMeulen, D.D., 1920Chair of English Bible and Missions Rev. Albertus Pieters, D.D., 1926-


ENDOWMENT T h e e n d o w m e n t of the W e s t e r n Theological S e m i ­ nary is steadily growing, so that the days of doubt and fear are long past. T h e institution is n o w equipped to do first class work, a n d is sure to g r o w in p o w e r and influence. Friends of the institution need therefore have no fear to leave m o n e y to the institution, as though it were a matter of experiment. A s it is, however, the e n d o w m e n t of the institution yields just about half as m u c h as is needed for each year’s current expenses. T h a t each year is closed with­ out deficit, is first of all due to the splendid liberality of the churches, large n u m b e r s of w hich m a k e an a n n u ­ al offering, s o m e of t h e m even giving quarterly contri­ butions. This support of the churches is imperatively needed. B y the help of these annual gifts an d b y rigid e c o n o m y as a matter of principle, each year closes with­ out deficit. There are several projects which ought to enlist the support of friends w h o have means. There is need of another professorship, a professor of Apologetics and Philosophy of Religion. If w e h a d a special professor of Religious Education, he could do good service b y working a m o n g the churches as well as in the s e m ­ inary. O u r B o a r d of Trustees is incorporated, and funds w h e ther for special objects, endowment, or current ex­ penses m a y be sent direct to the treasurer, the Rev. S. C. Nettinga, D.D., Holland, Mich. A n y funds sent to the B o a r d of Education, 25 E. 22nd St., N e w Y o r k City, or to the B oard of Direction of the General Synod, 25 E. 22nd St., should be carefully designated as being for the W e s t e r n Theological Seminary. T h e B o a r d of Trustees is prepared to receive m o n e y s on the annuity plan, allowing annuity of f r o m 4 % u p ­ wards, depending on conditions.


INDEX Page B o a r d of Superintendents.............................. Calendar

3

.............................................. 2

Calendar Year, T h e .................................... 17 Course of Study.......................................

9

Entrance Conditions ................................... 17 E n d o w m e n t ............................................ 25 Extension Lectures .................................... 22 Faculty

............................................... 5

Pine L o d g e S u m m e r School............................ 21 Roll of Students....................................... 6 Scholarship, Degree ................................... 19 Stipends, Fees ................

21

Student Doings ........................................ 18


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The theolog vol 4 january 1931 no 1  

The theolog vol 4 january 1931 no 1  

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