Page 1


news from Hope College • December



Quote, Unquote is an eclective

sampling of things being said at and

about Hope. Is Beethovenpingier or pongier than Mozart? Is abracadabra more shuffling than it's mincing? Such questions hardly seem the stuff of scholarship,but they were important considerationsin a guest lecture recentlygiven at Hope by Nicholas Wolterstorff,professor of philosophy at Calvin College.

The fun & games were there to lend support to Wolterstorff'scontention that art forms can indeed express emotional qualities which have nothing to do with the emotional state of the arts experiencer. To say that a work is expressiveis to mean that there is a strong degree of ''fittingness''between the characterof the work and an emotion, Wolterstorff said. To understand that one must accept that there are series of all sorts which run through reality, and these are most often discerned by specifyingantonyms. Just as there are internalsimilarities within a series, so too there may be similarities between separate series — and the simplest way to specify the closenessor intensity of these is to run a comparison. (Is Mozart a ping or a pong when compared to Beethoven?How about ice cream and warm pea soup on the ping/pong question?) Wolterstorff cited psychologicalresearch which indicates that people demonstrate some predictableswhen making such comparisons and also that people from different cultures show overwhelming agreementon a variety of cross-series comparisons. All of which seems to go back to Baudelaire'smore poetic contention that "scents,colors and sounds answer one another.

" • •

Finding truth in answers is no small part of learning,but the issue takes a twist within the pages of the calculustext currently in use at Hope, according to brand-new facultymember John R. Stoughton. Textbook author Stanley I. Grossman postscripts the solution to a problem with the following advice: "The .most direct way is to start out with what we want and work backward." "Never mind the grammatically poor use of the word 'out,' what Grossman seems to be telling us is that the most direct way to solve the problem is to begin at the end and end at the beginning! What's worse is that he's right," says Stoughton. • • •


From Associate Professor of Religion Dennis Voskuil's recently published assessment of the ministry of one of Hope's most famous alumni, titled Mountains Into Goldmines: Robert Schuller and the Gospel of Success (Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co.): Schuller'sconcern has been to ameliorate the tensions which have existedbetween theology and psychology, the church and culture, the sacred and the secular. Convincedthat these 'schizophrenic .splits' hinder Christian missions, he sought 'to synchronize the sacred and the secular.' This certainlyseems to be a laudable goal, for our Christ is the Christ of culture.At the same time, however. we must realize that Christ stands above culture.In the end, we must acknowledge that there are tenions, perhaps paradoxes, inherent to the gospel which will


resist resolution.


Students wait table to get


a chair

It wasn't a black-tie affair, you could count the cutleryof each place setting on one hand and about the only unexpected menu touch was a passable bearnaise on the tenderloin. But for the 80 Hope students who were waiters and waitresses,it was a most memorable meal. Student volunteers provided table-tending for a special dinner on Nov. 1 to honor Michigan's Ninth District Rep. Guy Vander Jagt '53 and to raise funds for the establishment of an endowed professorshipat Hope in his name. Among the 1,300 people who showed up for the event was special guest Vice President George Bush, who had just returned from a trip to Lebanon following the attack on U.S. marines stationedthere. According to College officials,the Vander Jagt endowed chair will be held by a distinguished faculty member, "preferably one who has a special interest in oratory, or the

between politics and communication." The fund-raiserwas held in the fieldhouse of Grand Valley State Colleges because Hope didn't have an auditorium large enough for interface

the Republican throng. Hope juniors Gary Koops of Clarksville, Mich., and Kent Sutton of Three Oaks, Mich., plus senior RpbiryTavernier of Constantine,Mich., organized the student solic- . itation and served the head table where Mr. and Mrs. Bush, Mr. and Mrs. Vander Jagt and their daughter Jennie sat between college and local Republican party officials. The experience. afforded the servers opportunity to discover that the vice president drinks milk with meals, prefers decaffeinated coffee and at least on this occasion was not a plate-cleaner. They were rewarded with a piece of souvenir, vice-presidential costume jewelry, presented by Secret Service personnel on behalf of Mr. Bush. Beyond that/they were able to hear the vice president'safterdinnerremarks during which he lauded Vander Jagt as "one of Michigan's finest public servants" and "a champion of the fundamentalvalues that transcend party lines." "We have all borne witness in recent days to the harsh fact that we live in a world in which these values are not universallyshared. "We've seen the ideals of freedom, individual dignity and respect for human lives challenged by insidiousterrorists and enemies of our democratic system," Bush said, referring to then-recent events in Lebanon and Grenada. Student-waiter Gary Koops later said that Bush's speech was "more political" than he anticipated.However, students reported that virtually no discussionof the vice president's comments took place on the bus-ride back to


"We went to have a good time and we wanted to leave having a good time — and not worry about protestersoutside the fieldhouse or even about Lebanon," said Sutton. "We went because we wanted to help the College." "And we wanted to see the vice president," Koops quickly added. By all indications, the expectationsof the waiters and waitresseswere very well served.

Letters May I point out an error of fact in the October issue of news from Hope College. In your front page article "DeWitt redo is hit of homecoming" ... is the information that Guy Vanderjagt "pointed particularlyto the influence of his speech professor,the late William Schrier,and his high school speech teacher,Neil Van Oostenburg,a 1927 Hope graduate." Guy's speech teacher was Matthew Van Oostenburg,a 1922 Hope graduate, an older brother of Neil Van Oostenburg.Guy was in my speech and dramatics classes the entire four years of his career in CadillacHigh School. Matthew W. Van Oostenburg '22 Cadillac, Mich. Editor's

gether in order to build a "touristairport" unless one is inclinedto consider the numerous armed Cubans in Africa as "tourists.". . . Human societyproceeds from the slave state to feudalism, to capitalismto socialism and when the whole apparatus of socialism withers away, the worldly paradise of communism dawns upon the pages of history. If Curry1 wishes to establish the norms of socialism south of the border, then let him first of all seek to have all those people enjoy the experiences of leaving behind feudalism, and perfectingthe subsequent stage of capitalism.

Kenneth O'Meara Holland, Mich.


Curry must be embarrassed ad nauseuam to read his own words about the Soviet Cuban axis not being silly enough to seek bases from which to export revolution ("Anti-Communist Reflex Fails as Foreign Earl

Policy," Oct. issue). When the Governor-Generalof Grenada, Sir Paul Scoon, expelled the contents of the Soviet embassy just the other day it included a gaggle of North Koreans, Libyans, Bulgarians and Cubans as well as a clutch of


15, No. 3, December, 1983 Published for Alumni, Friends and Parents of Hope College by the Office of College Relations. Should you receivemore than one copy, please pass it on to someone in your community. An overlap of Hope College constituenciesmakes duplicationsometimes unavoidable. Editor: Eileen Verduin Beyer '70 Editorial Staff: Dick Hoekstra'84, Chuck Knebl 'fS3, Marla Hoffman '82, Eva Dean Folkert '83

Official publicationnews

We would be even sillierthan the Soviets if we thought that they had all gathered to-

Note: We stand corrected— and

News from Hope College

Design: Richard Angstadt '69 Photo Staff: Kris Veldheer '84, Randy Warren



Kathy Fox '85

from Hope College USPS 785-720 is published during February, December by Hope College, 137 East 12th Street, Holland,

April, June, August, October and

Michigan 49423. Second class postage paid at Holland, Michigan 49423 and additionaloffices of entry. Postmaster: Send address changes to News from Hope College, Holland MI 49423. HOPE COLLEGE OFFICE OF COLLEGE RELATIONS, DeWitt Center, Holland MI 49423. Thomas L. Renner '67, Director of College Relations;Eileen Verduin Beyer '70, Associate Director of College Relations and Editor of news from Hope College; Marjory Graves, Office Manager; Mary Lammers Kempker '60, Associate Director of College Relations;Vern J. Schipper '51, Associate Director of College Relations for Alumni Affairs.

all the periods gone? Or are they filled in? A few weeks ago as I was enjoying the renovated DeWitt Center, I noticed that the old comer stone from Van Raalte Hall had been given a place of prominence.On closer examination I discovered that the inscription on the stone read:

Where have




A. C. VAN.

There were periods,or at least holes, in places

where I had not expected to see them and some of these holes were filled with cement. From the discolorationof the cement it was clear that fillingswere not new. Immediatelytwo ideas suggested themselves: One was that the. original stone carver had made a mistake. The other was that the carver had been true to the custom of the time but that later generations had attempted to correctthe work. If it truly was a mistake, it is hard to imagine that a craftsman who could carve stone doing such a poor job of repair. I prefer to think that some later generation wanted to improve our forefathers' public monuments. I wonder who asked that it be done. In fact I now wonder if all of us with van's and vander's in our names should not be signing ourselves as follows: J. D. van. Putten Jr. Professor,of Physics

Editor'sNote: Reader insights and hunches are welcomed.




Hope good?

Let us count the It

happens every ten years, with all the

cyclical predictability of comets and cicada,

but, unlike them, motivated by no natural inclination.

Ever since Hope College received its first North Central Association of Schools and Colleges in 1915, it has submitted every decade to the sometimes irksome, always time-consumingand knotty, yet every-once-in-a-while-fascinating process of review in order to retain that accreditation. During the past sixteen months, at least four-scoremembers of the Hope community have been preparing for the three-day campus visit of a team of five evaluators(faculty and administratorsat other member institutions) representingthe NCA. Even those Hope facultyand staff members who managed to avoid being named to selfstudy committeesfound themselves being asked questions as part of the effort. Thus, for all practical purposes, the entire College facultyand staff plus many students were involved in the process decreed by the NCA as a first step toward reaccreditation. Most simply staved, the NCA asks institutions to conduct thorough examinations to assess if they in fact do what they say they do or think they do. "The evaluation team looks to the institution to give us its own sense of mission," says team member Dr. Lewis S. Salter, president of Wabash College. "The evaluation team is enjoined to carry out its work based on the institution's sense of who it is. This guards against our imposing our own standards upon the institution we're visiting. . . "Our job is simply to see if reality meshes with the self-studystatement." In Hope's case, that was no small task given that the self-studytook the form of nearly 600 pages of typewritten material,supplementedwith separateexhibitsfor further clarification or reference. Under the direction of Prof. Nancy Miller of the education department, Hope's selfstudy proved so extensive and well organized that the NCA is reportedlyplanning to circulate it among other member institutions as a "how-to-do-it" example. At worst, a self-studycan be little more than an exercisein narcissismdone for the public-relations purpose of gaining reaccreditation. At best, it can be a springboard for planning and improvement,says Miller. Indeed, Hope's self-studycommitteemade a conscious decision to take the effort beyond full accreditation from the



the NCA purposes. This action'provideda motive for faculty involvement. Previously, facultyhad been less than enchanted with the notion of going through such strenuous motions simply to win NCA applause. "It would have been far more simple to do the study simply to satisfy the NCA requirements, but we decided instead that research and discussionwould benefitus as an institution and would enable us to move ahead more expeditiouslyand more eagerly than we had in the early months of the project," notes

only for its comprehensiveness but also because each sectioncommitteechairperson directed the particular research assigned and took responsibility for writing a section of the report.

"I'm not sure anyone thought a group could write a report," Miller admits. The ' procedure worked> however, because of the five-questionorganizationalpattern,which resultedin considerableconsistency and clarity throughout. Existingdata answeredsome questions and questionnaires,telephone surveys, group Miller. meetings and interviewswere used when new "Once we decided we were doing the study data were desirable or necessary. Efforts to for ourselves,people were willingto put great insure reliability of information were "inamounts of time into it." tense," Miller reports. "The self-studywas worth it if its selfLast May all the pieces of the sectional study aspectsdo not become overlooked," reports were ready to be plaited into the counterpointsAssociate Professor of Religion whole. For the following months. Miller and Allen Verhey, one of 12 members of the selfher special secretary, Kathy Mervau, worked study steeringcommitteeand chairperson of a to get the final report typed, edited and subcommitteewhich took responsibility for proofread. All told. Miller read the entire the sectionof the report dealing with academ. report word-for-word at least six times. It ic programs. was finishedone week before the first draft "There was a time when I feared the selfhad to be mailed to Trustees for their perusal study was going to be lost in the shuffle of and approval. A more thoroughproofreading reaccreditation, but now it appears that won't ensued and on September 1 the final version be so. The departmental self-studies— in was submitted to the NCA. which concerns were voiced more generously The NCA is the only agency which acthan in the main self-studyreport — have been forwarded to the Academic Affairs Board credits Hope's total program. Other agencies approve particular academic programs, such as and the concerns raised are now on that education,art or music. Hope pays a memboard's agenda." bership fee to belong to the NCA and also Verhey estimates he put at least 100 hours absorbs the costs of filing for reaccreditation, into fulfilling his responsibilities for the selfincluding the travel costs, care and feeding of study. It's hard for committee members not the visiting NCA team. to wax wistfulabout all that invested time Provost David Marker, coordinator of the (which gobbled away at research progress and self-study, says these actual costs are minimal in at least one case scrapped a family holiwhen compared to the in-kind costs of faculty day), but in Verhey's opinion the involveand staff time. By his most conservativeestiment of so many people is the best, if not mate, thousands of hours went into the selfmost efficient,way of accomplishing both study. institutional and NCA goals. Marker emphasizes, however, that benefits In order to maintain the emphasis on analexceed costs because accreditationis vital for ysis, evaluation and planning, the self-study Hope. committeedeveloped five questions which Accreditationserves two main functions, parallel the NCA's evaluativecriteria. Section according to Marker. First, it provides procommittees addressed these five questions in spective students with assurance that Hope every phase of College operations: offers programs of integrity and'rigor.Sec1) Why do we do it? ond, accreditationallows for easy transfer of 2) What is it that we do and do we have •credits for students coming into Hope as well the necessary resources? as for students transferringout of Hope. 3) How can we verify the adequacy of RegistrarJon Huisken concurs and says what we do? accreditationconstitutesa "gentleman's 4) How well do we do it? agreement"between schools.Although each 5) Can we continue to do it? year there are about a half-dozen instancesof The Hope self-studyis noteworthynot


transfer of credit

from non-NCA-accredited

institutions, the process is less slick.

Beyond that, administratorsagree with faculty that there's worth in gaining the perspectives of objectiveoutsiders.Marker says: "All of us develop certain blind spots if we're only going to continue to look at ourselves." For instance, one of the concerns the visiting team communicated in its exit interview was that budget surpluses have been allocated on the basis of prior decisionsfor capital equipmentpurchases— and thus have been independent of the elaborative, consultativeprocess through which other priorities might be recommended, such as improved salaries, endowment strengthening or facultyprofessional development. President Gordon Van Wylen says this point is "well taken" and deserves further attention.Whether or not it would have surfaced without the NCA visit is, of course,a matter of speculationbut the visitors certainly clarified the point and hastened the attention. Marker, like members of the visiting team, believesthat the function of outside assessment is best served by local, independent agencies rather than federal accreditation teams, a possibility which has been discussed in recent years, particularly at the advent of Basic Educational OpportunityGrants (now named Pell Grants) when a centralizedaccreditation agency was suggested as a means of insuring equitableinvestment of government


any professionor improvement come from one's peers," Marker says. "We "I think it's better in

field if criticalsuggestions for

are a privateinstitution as opposed to a state-

supported institution. I think it's important that a independent associationaccredit us." Although the NCA team indicatedbefore leaving campus that they intend to recommend Hope for the maximum, 10-year period of reaccreditation, nothing is cast in finality until the officialreport is receivedfrom the NCA, expected to take 60-90 days. And then the recommendationmust be approved through vote by the membership. Yet, as far as Hope is concerned, the task has been laid to rest or to internal action. Project Chairperson Miller looks forward to the fast-coming day when she'll realize it's been weeks since she's uttered the three initials that seemed for months to be her own personal call letters. In blissful retrospea, she believesthe reaccreditation process was good for the participants and College as a whole. "Not everyone was eager, but all were responsible.It was successfulbecause people were willingto give the time it took."



SCIENCES Chemistry DepartmentSeminars, weekly, normally Friday afternoons, Peale Science Center; research seminars by academic and industrial scientists. For details, contact Department of Chemistry, (616) 392-5111, ext. 3213. Biology DepartmentSeminars, weekly, normally Friday afternoons,Peale Science Center; research seminars by academic, medical and industrial scientists. For details, contact Department of Biology, (616) 392-5111, ext. 3212. Mathematics DepartmentSeminars, weekly, normally Tuesdays, 3 p.m., Vander Werf Hall; research reportsand advanced topic presentationsby visiting scientists, faculty and students. For details, contact Department of Mathematics, (616) 392-5111, ext. 3001.

ARTS Grand Rapids Symphony,

Jan. 19, 8 p.m. Dimnent Chapel Guest Redtal, String Trio, Peter Spring, Marie Royce, Nancy Yagiela, Feb. 2, 8 p.m., Wichers Auditorium Senior Recital, Beth Lefever, soprano, Feb. 3, 8 p.m., Wichers Auditorium Jazz Pianist Marian McPartland*, Feb. 8, 8 p.m., Dimnent Chapel Guest Recital, Jan Wolf, guitarist, Feb. 9, 8 p.m., Wichers Auditorium Faculty Muscale; Mary Natvig, violin; Gail Warnaar, oboe; Robert Ritsema, cello; Roberta Kraft, harpsichord and piano; Michael Votta, clarinet; Anthony Kooiker, piano; Mary Engstrom,flute; Jantina Holleman,piano; Charles Aschbrenner, piano; Feb. 12, 4 p.m., Wichers Auditorium Concert,Wind Ensemble, Feb. 13, 8 p.m., Dimnent Chapel Korean Drawing Now, Feb. 18-March 18, De Pree Art Gallery (Mon.-Sat., 10 a.m.-9 p.m.. Sun., 1 p.m. -9 p.m.) Senior Art Show, March 23-April 5, De Pree Art Gallery (hours above) "Great PerformanceSeries, ticket required.Great Performance Series (616) 394-6696;Art Department (616) 392-5111, ext. 3170; Music Department (616)392-5111, ext.


CHRISTMAS VESPERS ON THE AIR More than 50 radio stations have indicatedthey will rebroadcast the 1983 Christmas Vespers service during the holiday season. Contact the stationin your area for the day and time.






GEORGIA WRAF— Toccoa Falls

WKKM — Harrison WCSR— Hillsdale WJQ— Holland WION— Ionia WKPR — Kalamazoo



Kalamazoo Kalkaska Lapeer

WKLS — Ludington




WUNN— Mason




INDIANA WUEV— Evansville WSND — Notre Dame

IOWA KDCR — Sioux Center KVDB — Sioux Center




WFYC— Alma WATZ— Alpena WAUS — Berrien Springs WTVB — Coldwater


— Dowagiac — Escanaba WDBC — Escanaba WBNZ — Frankfort WZXM — Gaylord WJEB — Gladwin WGHN — Grand Haven WCSG — Grand Rapids WFUR— Grand Rapids WM AX— Grand Rapids WQON— Grayling



— Menominee — Munising

WKJR — Muskegon WQWQ — Muskegon WNBY — Newberry WPHM — Port Huron WMLM — St. Louis WLXX — Sault Ste. Marie WCSY — South Haven

WSTR— Sturgis WBMB — West Branch WYFC —


WZND— Zeeland NEW JERSEY WKER — Pompton Lakes

ADMISSIONS Bus Trips for prospectivestudents; leaves New York March 20; leaves Detroit and Chicago, Feb. 29 Visitation Days, Jan. 20, Feb. 10, March 9, April 6; opportunitiesfor high school juniors and seniors plus transfers to experience campus life with ample opportunity to meet students,facultyand staff Junior Day, April 13; for high school juniors and their parents; help in beginning the collegesearch process BasketballYouth Day, Feb. 4; church youth groups attend Hope game Pre-med and Pre-engineeringDay, April 12; advice in pursuing popular academic areas Art Visitation Day, April 24; information on pursuing art as academic concentration or career;coincideswith opening of major exhibit,"Mexico: Her Art From Past to Present" Holland Area Overnight, mid-March; applicantsspend a night on campus; discussionson commuting vs. living on

campus Explorientation, July 30-Aug. 5; a chance to "try on" college For details on all activities contact AdmissionsOffice,(616) 392-5111, ext. 2200.



— Syracuse





WEMC — Harrisonburg WISCONSIN WKTS — Sheboygan

SPORTS Men's basketball, home games: Dec. 3 — Concordia, 111., 8 p.m. Dec. 5 — Bethel, Ind., 8 p.m. Dec. 10 — Grand Valley, 3 p.m. Jan. 21 — Calvin, 3 p.m. Jan. 25 — Alma, 8 p.m. Feb. — Adrian, 8 p.m. 1

Feb. 4 — Concordia, Mich., 8 p.m. Feb. 8 — Kalamazoo,8 p.m. Feb. 11 — Albion, 3 p.m. Feb. 22 — Olivet, 8 p.m. Women's basketball, home games: Jan. 14 — Kalamazoo,1 p.m. Jan. 17 — Albion, 8 p.m. Jan. 25 — Alma, 8 p.m. Jan. 28 — Olivet,1 p.m. Feb. 15 — Calvin, 7 p.m. Feb. 28 — Adrian, 7 p.m. Other winter sports schedules available from Jane Mason, Dow Center (616) 392-5111, ext. 3270

HUMANITIES Colloquim, Arthur H. Jentz, Jr., "Tillich's Ontology and Methods of Correlation,"Jan. 25, 3:15, Lubbers Loft Colloquim, Marc B. Baer, "Theatre as Politics, Politics as Theatre: The O.P. Riots of 1809," Feb. 23, 3:15, Lubbers Loft

Guest Lecture, Krister Stendahl, Ph.D., "Convirtion of Faith in a Pluralistic World," Feb. 23, 3:30, Winants Auditorium (Danforth Lecture)

ACADEMICS AND ANNUAL EVENTS Winter Happening,Feb. 10 & 11 (see ad, page 19) Critical Issues Symposium, March 8, "Civil Rights in the United States" Model United Nations Symposium, March 15-16 Alumni Day, May 5 Baccalaureateand Commencement, May 6 Pinning Ceremony, Hope-Calvin Departmentof Nursing,


12, 3 p.m.



strings attached

Mother and daughter by Eva D. Folkert It is commonplace to find students at Hope who have followed in their parents'footsteps

and attended their elders' alma mater. But what is not so usual is to find both child and parent attending as full-timestudents at the same time. Lois (mother) and Karyn (daughter) Kortering have veered away from the

norm. What makes this mother-daughterduo even more special is that they are also musical peers. Both are members of the Hope


College Orchestra and each plays the violin. From first appearances one would tend to distinquishthe two at different levels of ability — Lois, the knowledgeable, understanding veteran; Karyn, the eager rookie. Lois, who is a youthful 50 years old, has played the violin since age 13 and daughter Karyn, 20, began under her mother's bow at age 9. "After I started her out on the violin she began to want more lessons that I could give in one day," recalls Lois. "I finally had to hand her over to another teacher." Nowadays, teaching isn't only reserved for the maternal half of the duo. Karyn, a transfer sophomore,is a member of the Symphonette, a select group of Hope musicians, as well as the Orchestra and has proven herself worthy to give her mother -aid. Each commands the same amount of respectfrom the other. And now Karyn is helping her mother out in a special way to return the favor of all those years of role-modeling. "Although we don't practice together for orchestra numbers, I am accompanyingher on the piano for her student recital,so we do practice for that," states Karyn. "She's got a better sense of rhythm which helps a lot," interruptsLois. Personable and cheerful, both Lois and Karyn set forth an air of being best friends rather than mother and daughter. Both are jokers, laughers,apparently happy to be in each other's company. There is no competition, only regard, between them on the violin. "I play in the first section (melody) and she plays in the second section(harmony) so there's really no comparison or competition," insists Lois.

Karyn lives on campus, and her mother Muskegon, Mich. Besides meeting

resides in

in orchestrapractice three times a week, the

two also "get together for dinner every Monday night, occasionallygo shopping or visit Grandma when Mom is in town," says Karyn. "It's funny. She always knows where to find me," says Lois. "Wherever I am on campus, she finds me somehow."


Hope score

"That's just when I need money. Mom," jokes Karyn. They played their first Hope concert together last month. Although it wasn't the first time the Korterings have performedtogether (they often do duets or accompany their church choir), it was their first fullfledged concert. "It felt nice to be up there with Karyn," admits Lois. "But as my husband was sitting in the audience reading the program, a man sitting next to him saw both of our names in it. He leaned over and said, T see both of your daughters are playing in the orchestra.' My husband just said, 'Lois is my wife.'" Although Lois is a senior, she didn't begin her term at Hope four years ago. She began in 1958-1959 and also played in the orchestra then, achieving the esteem of concert master. She left Hope in 1960 to follow her husband to Ann Arbor, Finally, after a total of seven years of school, on and off and at different places (Grand Valley State Colleges and Universityof Michigan), Lois returned to Hope to graduate with a music major and many more than the required number of credit hours, "Some things have changed but some things have certainlystayed the same," states Lois. "I find I have some of the same teachers I had 25 years ago and exams are still hard to take. One thing that's different is 1 find that not as many members of the orchestra are music majors as they were back in the SO's.

"Oh. And one other thing that hasn't changed is that Robert Ritsema is still hanging around Hope," Ritsema, professor of music and conductor of the Orchestra and Symphonette,was also a member of the orchestra which Lois was part of in the SO's. The two of them together again stir up old memories. "It's nice to have Lois back," states Ritsema. "Besides being her conductor now. I'm also her advisor and that brings about a few chuckles." As for having the mother-daughterteam in his orchestra,Ritsema plays no favorites and likes their attitudes.

"No one would ever know they're mother and daughter by their actions,"he states. "They talk to each other just gs one student would to another." As if mastering the violin wasn't enough, Lois is also an accomplished classical guitar player,an instrument which she has studied as part of her music major. Mastering different instruments seems to run in the Kortering family. Daughter Kathie, 22, "could play any reed instrument you give her" and son David, 17, knows his way around the key-

The night

board pretty well. "I love to see all my children involved in music," concludes Lois. "It's nice to see them like somethingas much as I do." Lois finds it enjoyable that her cohorts in orchestra feel at east with her, just as any student would with ^another. "It's so nice. Everyonecalls me Lois just as

of gloves

there is no age difference.For years I was always 'Mrs. Kortering' to Karyn's friends," says Lois. "Now I've got to watch my guard because she's called me Lois a couple of times. To her, I'm always Mom." "I was just joking," the daughter replies. Lois retaliates with merely a motherly if


& roses

The Nykerk Cup competition, a 48-year-old annual event in which freshmen and sophomore,women compete in song, drama and oration, is still drawing capacity crowds, but this year it attracted criticismas well. Some say Nykerk is outdated in its assumptionsabout women because it requires large numbers of them to dress up and sit still, because it provides lightweight avenues for the display of talents, because it forces competitionrather than sisterhood. Others say that's feminist falderal. In any case, the show went on as usual, with the class of '87 capturing the cup. Their song was "Jubilation,Celebration!" by Sonja Poorman, their play was an adaptation of George Bernard Shaw's "Pygmalion," their orator was Betsy Huttar of Holland, Mich.




by Eileen Beyer Each year at least 10 percent of Hope's incoming freshmen say they want to be doctors. Less than a third of them actuallymake it to med school. Along the way, some have a change of brain of the sort that's fairly common in a liberal arts environment:They discover that they'd rather study somethingelse. Others, bogged down with college finances,decide that med school will simply cost too much (at least $10,000 a year — and, unlike grad school, without hope of a fellowship ,to ease the dollar drain). Some decide that the road to an M.D. is too long — four years of med school and at least three years of residency.(Neurosurgeons are at the far end of the range with seven-year residencies.) Many students abandon medical school because they find the academic requirements at the undergraduate level are too strenuous (an overall grade-point-average of at least 3.4, or B+, is strongly recommended and a 3.0 is considered the bare minimum). All of the bookwork required to make that grade is but a foretaste, they know, of what's to come in med school where the amount of information which must be transmitted is so great that some analysts claim it could — and should — be cut in half. The Association of American Medical Colleges is currently conducting a three-year,$1 million examination of U.S. and Canadian medical schools to define the education physicians need and to make the process toward that end less brutal. Even when none of these facts proves dissuading to the undergraduate, a back-pocket, alternativecareer is strongly suggested, according to Eugene Jekel, professor of chemistry and official advisor since 1977 to Hope's pre-medical and pre-dental students. "There is without question a surplus of well-qualifiedpre-med candidates,"Jekel explains— adding that med school admissions personnel have always practicedtheir right to look beyond grades and test scores to the more subjectiveinformation gleaned from the one-to-one interview, thus further narrowing the field. That surplus of med school applicantsis bound to be around for quite a while. Many medical schools in Michigan, for instance, are cutting enrollments back by 6-10 percent per year, Jekel informs. The cost of trainingeach doctor exceeds his or her tuitionby thousands of dollars and the State, beleaguered 'with financial worries of its own, is less and less willing to pick up the difference — particularly when a doctor surplus is predicted for coming decades. Several of these factors entered into the senior-year decisionof Tom Bayer '81 to give up medicine and instead enter graduate studies in hospitaladministration.He says he initially leaned toward medicine to fulfill"altruistic motives" but found he was increasinglyturned off by the stress and pressure of medical practice, by a tightening job market for doctors in other than rural and inner-cityareas, and by "the thought of sitting in a lab for another four years." Bayer will graduate this spring from the health administration program of St. Louis' Washington University. Despite the pressures and fall-out rate, many students continue to be interestedin medicine as a career.Why? "Because medicine is a field that's highly respectedby the public, because if a student


pre-meds: can handle the responsibility, can work with people and get the grades, it can be a very rewarding vocation," is Jekel's opinion. Statistics show that Hope is a good place for students who want to be physicians. Graduates have better-than-averageacceptance rates to medical and osteopathicschools. The most recent five-yearstudy shows that nearly 97 percent of Hope applicantswhose GPA was at least 3.4 gained entry, and well over half of those whose grades slipped below this mark still managed to get in. The formal advising program for pre-meds doesn't begin until the junior year. According to Jekel, the freshman and sophomore years are the time for students to test themselves, "to see if they are the kind of person who can compete well." Although he may have informal conversationswith underclassmen




also administered in the fall

of each year for late decidersand for those

who wish

to retake the exam because of low scores the first time around. There are selfimprovement manuals on the market to assist in taking the test which always is made up of different questions but always tests in the same six general categories. The remainder of Jekel's time is spent working with seniors as they chose schools, complete the national applicationform and the forms of individualinstitutions, and collect recommendationletters. He writes a cover letter for each applicationand conducts simulations of the official,invitedinterviews which are post-applicationindicationsthat an institution is interested. The interviews generally focus on students motivations and personal qualities, although Jekel says there's no

Study hard,

a residency in family practice in Johnson City, Tenn. He says he was offeredthe position before he formally applied for it. Martin gives no indicationof viewing himself as a second-classdoctor. He says he maintained a 3.2 GPA at Hope and scored "very good, above average" on the M-CAT. "I could have done lots of things — but let's just say that I'm having a lot more fun being a doctor. This is what I wanted to do. "I don't know why I didn't make it into U.S. med schools — it just didn't come together for me. I don't know what goes on behind the closed doors of med schools. ... "I think the demands of med schools may be too rigorous,but I really don't know how to set up a better system." Another Hope alumnus who didn't make it into medical school after taking the M-CAT twice and applying to severalschools finally gave up and chose another career. This alumnus, who requested anonymity,is less than impressed by the guidance he received in pursuing his career and finds it hard not to look at the process as time wasted. He has now begun an alternative career and is taking classes to enhance his upward mobility in this track. "I

wanted to be a doctor because I saw it as some of myself with an-

a chance to share



stay competitive, stay


and conduct group information sessions, Jekel says he usually doesn't work closelywith students until the junior year. Hope's strong record in med school admissions is not the result of "weeding out" marginal students,Jekel says. It's not his practice to advise a student against medicine but he does present information so the student's best interests are served. "Often the student looks at the factual data — what's required compared to how he or she has performed — and makes a personal decision on that basis. "It is a national phenomenonthat the very best students generally are the ones that become physicians.Students know that just as well as the med school people do," he notes. "I think Hope is unusual in that in most cases I can be supportive in encouraging those who are not necessarilycream-of-the-crop students — because of the overallquality of Hope's academic program." Jekel says that at Hope it's "near to impossible" for students to pad their programs with so-called"Mickey Mouse" electives in order to keep up their cumulative averages; the non-science courses at Hope are just as rigorous as the science courses, he claims, and there is a wide range of required core courses. For students who believe themselves fit for the demands of med school, the Medical College AdmissionsTest (M-CAT) is the first test of mettle. Most take the M-CAT in the spring of the junior year. It is a six-hour, extremelyrigorous examination broken down into six categories:biology, chemistry, physics, scienceproblems, reading skills and quantitative skills. The exam is designed to test conceptual and problem-solving abilities rather than how much scienceknowledge one has managed to amass. Therefore, says Jekel, it is entirelypossiblefor a non-science major who has taken only introductory science courses to score well on the test. M-CAT scores range from 1 to 15 and the national mean is 8. For most med schools,9.5 is the cut-offscore and in this, as in popular culture, a 10 is desirable.


protocol that says fact questions are outlawed at this


Students denied admission to med school have severaloptions. They can pull the alternative career out of the back pocket and forget about becoming a physician.Or they can wait a year — or more — and try again. Or they can apply to one of a dozen foreign medical schools located in Mexico and in Caribbean countries.These schools have been criticized by the Association of American Medical Colleges and the American Medical Association,but students and administrators of the schools vigorously defend their programs. Jekel says he generally advises against the foreign medical schools because the clinical components of their programs lack strength. Moreover, graduates who want to enter residency programs in the U.S. can face difficulty in securing placements, even if they score well on a test developed by the Education Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates. And, as was recently amply demonstratedin Grenada, students take risks by attending school where there is political turmoil (see accompanying story). "If a student understands all these factors and still wants to apply to a foreign medical school,then I can be supportive of that decision," Jekel notes. For one Hope alumnus,Jim Martin '77, St. George's University School of Medicine in Grenada enabled him to become a doctor after two rounds of unsuccessfullypursuing admission to U.S. medical schools — with a year of graduate work at the- University of Wisconsin at Madison thrown in between as a time.


Martin says it's a mistake to lump all the Caribbean schools into a single category. Although there wasn't much clinical work at Grenada, Martin believesthat his education was "certainlyadequate." During his third year he spent 11 months working at a hospital in Bath, England, arranged by St. George's. That experience,he believes, compensated fof the lack of clinical experience of his first two years. Martin has recently begun

other person and to be caring and helpful.1 feel good about what I'm doing now, but I could feel better if I were dealing more directly with people." Apparently, it's not easy to give up the dream of becoming a doctor. The establishment of a dozen "off-shore medical schools" since the mid-1970sis some indicationof just how attractive medicine is as a profession. Never mind that one must not only make the grade in college, but must also be involved in extracurricular activities (shows interest in people) and try for some research and medical-observationexperiences on top of that. Never mind that medical trainingcan be dehumanizingin its deluge of information. ("Students have to learn to sort out what they want to know well and what they want to know less well. The best sorters are the best survivors,"says Jekel.) There seems no other professionwhich better suits students with competitive natures that they choose to apply to humanitarian ends. "The med schools gear their programs to what the public wants," says Jekel. "The public wants physicians who are good problem-solvers; it wants physicians who can make accurate judgmentsbased on sometimes minimal information; it wants physicians who are compassionate, caring people. . . . "By and large, I think the educational system does a fairly good job of sorting out those candidateswho are most qualified."



"I never was scared for my life, but it was good to get out of there when the bombs startedfalling." That's how Steve Renae '83 recalls his feelings as he was evacuated from Grenada on October 26 as one of 624 medical students enrolled at St. George's University School of Medicine. A Hope alumna, Aboyomi Odubela '74, was also a student at St. George's but could not be reached for comment on the evacuation experience. Renae was housed at St. George's True Blue campus, located less than a mile away from Grenada's controversial,Cuban-built aistrip. The second campus, Grand Anse, is two miles away. Renae and others at the True Blue campus were the first students evacuated by helicopter.Each was allowed to take one package of possessions.Renae packed his stereo and some books, but left behind his bicycle and clothes.Students at the Grand Anse campus had a more dramatic, later departure as they ran to evacuation helicoptersto the accompanimentof Cuban and Grenadian gunfire.


Beyond-the-stethoscope practice There's not much glamour at the Univeron the south side. Like many city hospitals, it has too many people waiting around and too few elevatorsresponding to summons. But it's attached to the university'sPritzkerSchool of Medicine, one of the best in the country. And being a member of the faculty of that institution is what Laura Mumford 71 wants to be. "I knew in the 5th grade that I wanted to be a doctor, but whenever I talked about it, I was asked 'Do you know how long it takes?' I stopped talkingabout it because I didn't want to be discouraged." She's never regrettedher close-mouthed fortitude, although she. readily admits she's learned that medicine can be a sometimes discouraging vocation because it's so easy for doaors to become overextended. Mumford's professionallife, as case in point, demands juggling responsibilities as a teacher, a physician at the Medical Center, a staff supervisor in the clinic there, a medical consultant,a researcher,a professionalwho must keep up to date in a field of rapid discovery,and an assistant professorat a university — with all that implies in terms of meetings, committees and expectations. "I think one of the most important qualities of a good physician is durability," she says. "You go through lots of heavy-duty training, but you rarely feel you've had the time truly to master anything. . . "It can be frustratingbecause you're so often put into situations you can't control. There are lots of spontaneous requirements. . . "I've become very interestedin the subject of medical decision-making, making daily decisions in settings of insufficient information, the necessityof making the best decisionsin uncertainty.There are techniques which help immensely,such as decision-analysis, something the medical professionhas lifted from business.The technique helps you deal systematicallywith things such as outcomes, probabilities, and the effective use of technology." Endless pressure,pounds of new information, little time to think, less time to relax all fuse into a brutal schedule that makes doctors easy prey to assembly-line approaches. But Mumford has managed to keep her focus on the people she services— both students and patients. Last January she was selected the recipient of the Medical Center's annual Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., HumanitarianAward. She receivedthe award in recognitionof her commitment to the welfare of her patients, which takes her beyond the hospital and into their daily lives. It's a commitment that also affects her approach to trainingdoctors. sity of Chicago Medical Center




Mumford organized


for terminally ill patients. She cared for the hospice'sfirst patient. The medical director of the hospice has said that Mumford wanted to learn more about the non-medical "embodies the true spirit of a physician" and problems of patients. They visited a public aid that she "provides expert medical care and is office, a social securityoffice, an unemployextremely conscientiousand devoted to her ment office, nursing homes and a public patients." housing unit, all for the purpose of gaining Mumford finds such plaudits vaguely beyond-the-stethoscope savvy. embarrassing. "The medical school curriculum does not "When is a physician going beyond the job provide students with the experience to view description?The patientexpects the doctor the social aspectsof patients' lives," Mumford always to be doing that. . explains."... I have found that these as"A physician needs a liberal and humane pects significantly affect patients.Many paoutlook on the problems of the times, and the tients consult with physicians about noncourage and ability to try to do something specific complaints that really may be the about those problems. . . result of' stresses of life. Increasingour "I guess my hope is that my patientsview awareness of what patientsare facing outside me in the same ilk as the good old country the hospitalhelps physicians understand their doc at the turn of the century. And I hope patients and allows them to provide better that my attitude contributesto the education care." Her insightsinto the hassles of her patients „ of my students as a counterbalance to the rigors of their program. I think it's very lives has made her less adverse to the notion possible to do both the technical and human of house calls.There are instances,she says, sides of this profession — and I think that's where it is far simpler for her to swing by a what most physicians try to do." patient's residenceon her way to. some other Mumford earned her M.D. from Johns destinationthan it would be for the patientto Hopkins University and completed her resiuse the public transportationsystem of a dency in internalmedicine there. She then huge city in order to get to the Medical pursued subspecialtytrainingin infectious Center's clinic. diseaseat the University of Chicago Pritzker Her outreach attitude is also evident in School of Medicine, and was subsequently volunteer work she does with a hospice pro-

Last year, for instance,

a group of fourth-year medical students who



offered a positionon the faculty there. In addition to teaching and heading clinical work, she has begun a research program in infectious disease, joining the cadre of disease detectives who hunt hidden killers. Mumford specializes in infections which strike the highly susceptiblerenal transplantpatients. Infectious outbreaks such as Legionnaires' Disease, herpes and the frighteningkiller Acquired Immune Deficiency. Syndrome (AIDS) have generated Andromeda-Strainfears among the public, but Mumford is confident that most diseases, even AIDS, will be "sorted out" by scientists and eventually controlled. At the same time, new diseases are sure to become visible, she adds. "The effort againstdiseasewill never end. The diseases just keep changing as the organisms change." Learning more about diseases, organisms and human beings is all part of Mumford's daily business — a business so engrossing that her sense of self appears integrallytied to the work she does; her practice is her personality. "I suppose I have given up a lot in terms of life outside of profession,but I don't consider it too costly. For a person like me, it's fine — but it could easily be awful for others. I have to admit that most of the time I drive home exhausted."

among Grenada evacuees

Although Renae sensed no panic among his fellow students,he says the final hours on the island were "crazy, what you would expect when you're in the middle of a war." Students had been under a 24-hour, shooton-sight curfew since the Oct. 19 coup, allowed to leave their dormitories only once for a four-hour period. During that time, Renae went to the beach, the tiny island's main tourist attraction and one of the most pleasant aspectsof studying at the medical school establishedthere in 1976. Renae says in his mind there is no question that President Reagan's actionsin Grenada were justified and he has nothing but praise for the Rangers who effected the evacuation. "They were incredible, they did a great job, they were good men," he summarizes. Medical school personnel thoroughly informed applicantsabout the anti-American sentiments of the island's prime minister, Maurice Bishop, prior to admittance, Renae notes. He chose the school with no qualms because he had heard from friendsthat it was


"a good school" among the dozen institutions known as "off-shore medical schools,"estab-

of Medicine and Dentistry.Classes for St.

George's students have also been arranged, at Long Island University'sBrooklynCenter and at St. Barnabas Medical Center in Livingston, American students who fail to gain admission N.J. He intends to return to Grenada if the to medical schools in the U.S. school is reestablishedthere and has no reserOnce enrolled,Renae found himself caught vations about going back: up in the intensityof day-to-day studies and "I don't think America is going to go in was unaware of any movement against Bishop there and spend all that money and then not until the prime minister was executed by take care of the place and make it into a soldiers led by ultra-Marxist Gen. Hudson democracy,"he stated. Austin on Oct. 19. Similarly,he has no doubts about the qualRenae's mother, not a news-follower by ity of education he is receivingat St. son's report, was also oblivious to any potenGeorge's: tial dangers until Bishop's murder, at which "It's an incrediblygood, very competitive point she telephoned the State Department to program. All the professorsare Englishurge U.S. interactionto ensure the safety of speaking and most have taught in the United her son and other students. States. In addition, there are visiting proAfter a siege of interviews (resulting in an appearance on ABC's "Good Morning, Amer- fessors from all over the States. It's a unique program." ica" and a direct quote in Time magazine) and At the very least, it certainlybecame so for after a special Rose Garden receptionhosted Renae and others studying on an island of by the White House, Renae has resumed medical studiesin the United States through a beaches, tourists, nutmegs and, more recently,bloodshed. special six-week term at New Jersey College lished outside the U.S. primarily to attract


meet 23-33 back on Oct. 4, but battled back to edge the Lady Knights 62-68 in the league meet on Nov. 5. Leading the Dutch was sophomore Deb Heydenburg of Jenison,Mich., .who finished fifth in the meet, was selected all-MIAA,and was picked Hope's most valuable. Senior Wendy Schoenmaker,of Spring Lake, Mich., was chosen most improved by her teammates. Other highlightsof the season included a runnerupfinish at the Hope Invitational on Sept. 13 and a third place finish at the Great Lakes Regional at Albion on Nov. 12. lost to Calvin in a dual


trophy within reach for '83-'84

VOLLEYBALL Again the volleyballteam finishedin third MIAA behind Alma and Calvin, which tied for the championship. CoacH Tanya Shire'ssquad wound up 17-13 overall, a game ahead of 1982's 16-14, and an place in the

by Dick Hoekstra Once again this year, Hope College has taken the lead in the MIAA all-sports trophy race and the fall sports have set the tempo. Paced by championshipsin soccer and men's cross country, Hope leads second place Alma by 12 points. Seeking its fifth straight all-sports championship, Hope has accumulated 66 all-sports points, Alma 54, Calvin 51, Albion 43, Adrian 31, Kalamazoo 28 and Olivet 19. If Hope can retain its lead through the winter and spring sports, Hope will tie with Albion and Kalamazoo for most all-sports trophies won at 13. It would also tie Hope with Kalamazoo for most years in a row claiming the award at five. Kalamazoo put together its string at five straight from 1971-72 through 1975-76. At the end of the year each school will count their best performancein eight men's sports and six women's sports. Points are awarded as follows: 12 for first place, 10 second, 8 third, etc. In case of tie in the standings the points are divided. Other Hope finishes tabulated in the scoring were field hockey, second; football, tied for second; women's cross country, tied for second; volleyball, third; and golf, fourth.

identical 8-4 in the league. Senior -Linda Percy of St. Joseph, Mich., was selected co-most valuable player in the conference. Among the Hope players,Percy was voted MVP and freshman Lynette Kamps of Ripon, Calif., most improved.


Mich., Brian Taylor of McBain, Mich., and Senior Dave Van Noord of Hudsonville, Scott VandeVorde of Parchment,Mich., Mich., establisheda new record for pass refinishedfirst, second, and fourth respectively ceptionsin a season (38). Van Noord was and each earned all-MIAA honors — Undervoted Hope's most valuable player by his wood for the fourth time and Taylor the teammates. second. Hope players voted to the all-MIAA team Underwood was voted the MIAA's included junior offensiveguard Jim Behrenfor the second time in three years and Hope's wald of Clarksville, Mich.; Van Noord; MVP for the third straight year. Heeres; junior defensive tackle Thurland Cole Taylor, individualGLCA meet winner, was of Smyrna, Mich.; sophomore defensive end picked Hope's most improved runner. Steve Zeldenrust of Munster, Ind. ; junior The Flying Dutchmen qualified for the " linebackerDave Morren of Grand Rapids, NCAA Division III Nationals, held at NewMich.; and junior defensive back Scott Jecport News, Va., by finishingrunnerup in the men of Jenison, Mich. Great Lakes Regional. At the nationals,they Senior end Jerome Vite of Buchanan,Mich, finished11th of 21 teams — tying Hope's third received the Allen C. Kinney award given highest finish there. It marked the 10th time "annually for maximum overallcontribution to in 11 years that Hope has competed in the the team. nationals under Vanderbilt. Vanderbilt,after a 6-0 dual meet season in 1983, has a coaching record of 71-6 — a 92 FIELD percent winning clip. A 1-1 tie at Adrian in their final MIAA game kept the Flying Dutch from completing FOOTBALL a comeback season by successfullydefending their 1982 league title. Coach R€y Smith's gridders were undefeInstead,Hope finishedin second place beated at home for the second straight year in hind Alma, a team they had defeated 2-1 in a 1983, but on the road they struggled with a showdown the week before. 2-3 mark. They'll enter the 1984 season with The Flying Dutch started slowly with a an 11-game home winning streak. 2-5-3 record but rebounded to win seven of They finished in a tie for second place in their last eight games. They finished9-5-4 the MIAA standings with Alma. (3-2) behind overalland 8-2-2 in the MIAA. unbeaten Adrian and were 6-3 overall. . Senior Mary Gaffney of Union Springs, This is the most successfulera in Hope N.Y., was selected all-conferencefor the secfootball. Over the past 12 years the Dutchond year in a row at the midfielderposition. men are 80-26-2. Gaffney had seven goals and an assist for This year's Dutchmen establishednine Hope in 1983. school records and broke the all-timeMIAA Also on first team were sophomore Patti record for passing yardage. Gaffney, sister of Mary; goalie Tammy Avrit, The Dutchmen led the MIAA in scoring a junior from Arlington, Va., and an integral offense an$l defense, total offense and total part of Hope's midseasonturnaround; and defense. junior back Melanie Waite of Ann Arbor, Junior quarterback Greg Heeres of Grand Mich., who led the MIAA in assists with Rapids, Mich., rewrote the Hope passing seven. records. Waite and Mary Gaffney were chosen coHeeres, who led the MIAA in passing effimost valuable players by their teammates, ciency and total offense,establishedschool and senior Janet Meyer of Douglaston, N.Y., records for pass attempts (229), completions the most ' (122), yardage (1,739), and touchdowns (20). He also wound up fifth in Division III in passing efficiency(138.8). WOMEN'S CROSS Heeres and freshman quarterback Chris Continuingtheir upward climb. Coach Bill Mendels of Grand Rapids, Mich., combined to Vanderbilt'sFlying Dutch moved up from establish a new MIAA single season passing fourth in 1981 and third in 1982 to a tie for record with 1,095 yards in five games. They second place in the MIAA in 1983. also set Hope team records for pass attempts They did it by knocking off host Calvin at (246), completions (134), yardage (1,882), and the annual MIAA championships. They had touchdowns (22).


SOCCER The Flying Dutchmen won their second title under Coach Gregg Afman and then competed for the second straight year in




Division III post-season

tournament. They won more than 10 games

for the seventh straight year, posting a 13-4-2 record overall and 10-1-1 in the league. Under Afman, the Dutchman are 49-15-6 over the last four seasons. Hope hosted two Great Lakes regional games at the Holland Municipal Stadium, blanking Mount Union, Ohio, 4-0 on Nov. 9 and then falling to Ohio Wesleyan 1-0 on Nov. 12. Highlight games from 1983 included a 2-2 tie with Wheaton, 111., on Sept. 10; a 2-1 victory over Michigan State on Sept. 19; and a record setting 14-2 win at Olivet on Sept. 21 in which sophomore Stefan Schnitzer of Ann Arbor, Mich, tied a Hope record by scoring four goals. Receiving all-MIAA honors for an outstanding fourth year in a row was senior Al Crothers of Wheaton, 111. Crothers held opponents to a meager 12 goals in 18 games and was chosen Hope's most valuable player. Junior forward Dayna Beal of Saginaw, Mich., who finishedthird in the MIAA scoring race with six goals and six assists, was picked all-conferencefor the second straight year. Also on the first team squad were senior midfielderDave Bopf of Napa, Calif.; senior fullbackKevin Rebhan of Flint, Mich.; and sophomore Kevin Benham of Littleton, Colo. Chosen most improved by his teammates was Judd Efinger of Old Saybrook, Conn.


Coach Doug Peterson'ssquad started strong but slipped to fourth place in the MIAA at the completion of seven league tournaments. Hope held second or third place until Kalamazoo passed them by winning the final tournamentwhich they hosted. Hope won the second round hosted by Albion at Duck Lake Country Club on Sept. 20. Junior Paul DeBoer of Hudsonville, Mich., shot a 71 to earn co-medalist honors. Each of Hope's top five golfers shot below 80 strokes that day. DeBoer went on to shoot a 73 at the Notre Dame Invitational, good for medalist runnerup, and a 75 in taking medalist honors at BlythfieldCountry Club on Sept. 26, Calvin College host. DeBoer, Hope's MVP and 1984 captain, . narrowly missed all-MIAA, finishingseventh in the league standings with a 79.0 strokes average. Senior Marty Balk of Rockford, Mich., was selected the team's most improved golfer.

CHEERLEADERS Under 15th-year coach Maxine DeBruyn, the Hope football cheerleadersaroused much enthusiasm along the sidelines at Dutchmen games with mounts and cheers. Junior Mark Snyder of Vicksburg, Mich, was presented the most improved award and senior football cheerleading captains Rhonda Hale of Jenison, Mich., and Ken Neevel of Wappingers Falls, N.Y., will also serve as basketballcheerleading captains.




For the 11th time in 13 years under Coach Dutchmen won the annual MIAA meet and at least a share of the Bill Vanderbilt,the Flying


In 1983, Hope won its first outright championship since 1978 by claiming three of the first four places at the league meet. Seniors Steve Underwood of East Lansing,




SPECIAL Art center strokes quint’s essential talents “You now have

the tools

you so long needed. Use them well. Be responsible




and a place of excellence." That was the challenge posed to Hope's department of art last year at the dedication of the De Free Art Center and Gallery by the man who gave his name to the building, Hugh De Free '38. news from Hope College now revisits the five members of the art department faculty to learn a place of creativity, a place of quality

productive year. "In principle, it's probably true that we were previously able to do our jobs on a shoestring," notes one. "But the De Free Center has become a symbol of support which think has been terrifically meaningful to us. When we came to sense that the College believed enough in the fine arts to make an investment in them — well, we just had to of their extraordinarily


Story by Eileen

BRUCE McCOMBS Printmaker Bruce

McCombs, a

printmaker who etched

his reputationin prints of classic cars


other imagery of America's technologicalpast, thinks he'll eventually become nostalgicfor current nostalgia. "I don't know what I'm going to do 30 years from now when I'll be expected to make prints of cars from the 1970s and 1980s. I hate them! They're anonymous. They have numbers across them instead of great names like 'Roadmaster.' The poetess Marianne Moore used to sit and think up names for the car makers. Now they assign numbers. It's almost as if'they're afraid to put names on them because they're sure somethingbad like a connotation will result." ' Although he absolutelychortlesat the idea of social comment in his art, McCombs admits to an intriguewith the things of America's material past as opposed to its present: autos, diners. Aeroplanes, billboards, movie houses, family houses, all manner of gadgets and advertisablegimmicks.And it all started in the 1960s with prints of cars. "As an artist,I liked the traditional car look — the teardrop fenders,the classic grills.I was intrigued by the aesthetics. "When I was a kid, everybodyknew everybody's cars and you knew people by their cars. Do you remember looking through old



Photos by Louis Schakel

photo albums? Everybody had pictures of themselves and their cars. It Was a runningboard era. Packards and Kaisers and DeSotos. You know the part of the play 'Death of a Salesman' where Willie Lohman talks about his Studebaker? That's great stuff." It's an intriguewith the images as much as an appreciationof McComb's technical aplomb that keeps buyers and gallerymanagers at his door. He's won more than 100 awards in major nationaland regional competitions, he's participated in 33 invitationals, his work has been accepted in 233 competitive shows, he's been included" in 10 internationalexhibitions, he's had more than 20 one-man shows and he's attracted many, many buyers. And his challengesare common to most artists

who've managed





does one please the audience and maintain the momentum while at the same time feed the creativehabit? "The nostalgiaof my work is a dangerous thing because there is such a thin line that separatesnostalgiafrom schmaltz. It's something I have to worry about constantly.After all, I don't want to become another Norman Rockwell." He says he guards against that by trying to be more eccentric than nostalgic, by looking for off-the-popular-pathimages that make his work period studies. He also tries for eccentricity in his point of view by dealing with reality in fresh-to-the-eyeways, a habit that harks back to an earlier interest in artistic photography.

This past year was a breakaway time in the acclaimed printmaker's career as he used a sabbatical leave to explore the medium of watercolors.His efforts were presented in the De Free Gallery in October. Although his paintingsdeal with his familiar images of automobiles and city details, the technique's calling-cards of crisp colors and gesturalbrush strokes required all-new responses to these images. It was both a breathing spell and a learning period,and McCombs plans to work more in watercolors. But for the most part, he's back in his printmaking studio, contained in a converted


garage about 60 feet from his home. Printmaking is a long, complicated process and he generally produces about six plates each year. He works nights, after 9 on, with his TV constantly going, usually feeding a string of movies — although McCombs admits that he'll watch anything. Whether one could qualify the TV habit as inspiration-formingis debatable,but it's a nice touch that, like the prints, its pictureis black and white. "It's ten years old, the screen is only about 12 inches,but it's a Sony. Nice design," notes the habitual noter of such things.


constant challenge. "Obviously, we have to meet the community's needs with the exhibitionprogram.At the same time, as an educationalinstitution, we feel we need to stretch people. We don't want simply to confirm conventional tastes. . . . We need to bring in works that are not so readilyavailable." Because the Gallery is attractive and because it was discovered to have very good, though unplanned, acoustical properties, it has become a favorite spot for small presentations ranging from classical string ensembles to jazz combos. Wilson is happy to see the traffic. "It suits our needs of introducing people to the place. It brings people in — mostly students, but also others from the community who maybe wouldn't come otherwise. They come to hear the music and end up discovering the show. And they're then more likely to come back. "The Gallery has an intimacy. When I've gone down there for music events or poetry readings and I see some of the good art that's up on the walls and I see people' sitting on the floor but being attentive, I think, 'This is the way it's supposed to be. This is exactly the way art and culture are supposed to be transmitted.'"

ROBERT VICKERS Painter Evenings, one often finds Robert Vickers out on his deck, with a spotlightshining into the woods and a stick of graphite and his sketchbook in hand. From the plays of light and shadow of this setting come drawings, some of which are taken to his De Free Center studio where they inspireoil paintings. There are many things one could say about the Vickers oeuvre of the past decade or so. the habit of

Once when John Wilson was a graduate student,come home to Minnesota for a visit, he was asked by one of his Norwegian,farmstock neighbors what he was up to in the faraway world of universitylearning. “I'm studying to tecome an art historian," the graduate student replied— probably with the touch of self-importanceone always attaches to such questions when one is in one's 20s, as opposed to the touch of angst that sidles into later responses. Wilson's guest rocked back and forth a few times, finally sighed and, although not totally convinced, gave in: "Ja, 1 guess we need those too." Wilson tells the story to make the point that the art historianis "a funny bird, professionally" — and he contends that's as true in small, liberal arts colleges as in Minnesota farmhouses. The peculiarstatus results from the fact that generally there's only one art historianper College art department. It also springs from art historians' habits— they must constantly shuffleintuitive and scholarly inclinations. In methodology and scope they are aligned to historians("Art is about everything— religion, politics, economics as well as aesthetics," Wilson informs). But they also must be sympathetic with artists' aims and speak the sometimes nonverbal language of the discipline. Wilson studied studio art in high school because, in his words, "as a badly directed member of the lost generation I thought I might be an architect."Despite his own experience, he argues that one needn't do art to be a good art historian.His studio work did not result in the discovery of any great gifts but did help him learn to see, to develop the


mque sifyingthe impression that his paintingsare about "out-rthere"spaces.The colors could be dinar Bui described:cool reminders that nature offers more than the earth tones that are zealously Vicke the si moved indoors and applied to everything from family rooms to eyeshadows.One could like li point out the elegant execution,the unusual tease surface textures that suggest airbrushingbut apart

contemplationand a willingness


waste paint.

makings of "a good eye," which Wilson says

JOHN WILSON Art historian

One could mention that although there is no result literal transferof woods to canvas, there is an applic omnipresentsense of landscape.One could up on talk scale — piaure-window proportionsinten- surfai

generally regarded as the highest compliart historian.Meanwhile, in other classes he was drawing towards art history. Wilson is not intimidated by his minority status in the department and makes his own daily bold, creativestatements through his choice of necktie.(His collection is attentiongetting in itselfand is made even more so because he's the only one in the department who chooses to meet the knottier challenges of wardrobe.) In addition to teaching most of Hope's art history courses,Wilson is director of the De Free Center Art Gallery, which opened last fall with a spangle show, "Dutch Art and Modern Life." This spring on April 14, Mexican independence day, another major show, this time themed by Mexican art, will open. A guest curator,Mary-Anne Martin of New York City, will be featured. Wilson says the show will have sociological significance because of Holland's growing Hispanic population, now estimated at approximately 12 percent. In addition,the scale of Mexican mural art is widely regarded as an influenceon abstract expressionism and its public characterhas influenced many artists working in urban settings^ The opening of the show coincideswith a statewide Hispanic conference which will be held at Hope. In general, Wilson is pleased with the Gallery's first-year operations,although he sees the facility as still in early stages of acceptance. "I have high ideals that I'd like to see happen eventually.I'd like the Gallery to become a community resource that's used casually — by that I mean that it is so thoroughly integratedinto people'slives that they stop by for 20 minutes during a lunch break." At the same time, that high ideal poses a is

ment one can pay an ‘


result insteadfrom a series of

washes and more ends

applications of paint so sparse that

up on the wall that's used as a brush-out surface than on the canvas itself.(The technique, the artist admits, demands an extraordinary willingnessto “waste" paint.) But the most overwhelmingaspect of Vickers' style is the dream-like abstractness, the sense of atmosphere that seems to hover like light fog, the seduction of shapes that tease with perspectivebut always remain apart from linear laws.

One could talk about all these things, but Vickers preferspedestrianterms: "Like Matisse once said: I like to make paintings that the working man can come home to, sit down and-relax in front of. I don't get into great, profound meanings. We're already burdenedwith meanings." That may be Vickers' intent, but in praaice his works are more frequently things that working people go to work to — 95 percent of his sold paintings now belong to Mediceanimpulsed corporations and last year he sold to



personal imagery for public places

21 different corporate buyers. Vickers at 59 is the oldest member of the art department. He has been at Hope since 1969: He's done more than 30 one-man shows, both in America and in Italy, but the one currently at Hope, titled "Volare," is only his second during his dozen years as a member of the faculty — and the first barely counts because it was hung in Van Zoeren Library,the make-do showspaceof earlier years. All his years of experience have taught him to view his art in the same way one considers a 9-5 profession. "It's very important to keep a regular schedule,not just work when you're 'inspired,' whateverthat means. I make it a point to do some drawing or painting every day." On sabbatical last semester, Vickers was able to paint for long, uninterrupted periods before packing away his palette and taking off for Italy to see once again the masterpieces he discussesin class which inform what he terms his "deep feeling"for the Renaissance. Vickers did no painting in Europe, but made plenty of drawings which came back to his studio, where a combination of skylights and fluorescentfixtures create conditionshe describesas "magnificent," particularly when compared to those of his previous studio in the old Rusk Building. "I deal with light in my paintingsand I'm doing better work here because of the lighting," he notes. Another advantage is that the space is well vented to leave just an atmospheric remembrance of turpentine (applied as a first wash on his canvases),rather than its overpowering, full-strengthpresence. Light coming in from the ceiling, classical music, tubes of oils with bypassed-by-Crayola color-names— all make Vickers' studio a pleasant place. It's a large room, wall-lessly segmented for times of coffee and cigarettes, for times of standing back. "I spend a lot of time just looking. 1 find that contemplation is just as important as the actual applicationof paint. You can't just come in and throw paint around. You have to let your work marinate. I tried working in acrylics once, but it just didn't suit my style. The paint dried too fast." . Vickers says his creativity is sustained by spending time alone, a pastime that's increasinglyshunned by most of the world but a terrificallyimportant need for this artist. "Just time. Lots of time. It makes you want to live forever."

. .




Sculptor, ceramist Not only is Bill Mayer the most recent and youngest member of the art department faculty, he also works in a material that's relatively new to the artist'strade — metal, that staple of American industry which has carried a distinctive robustness to 20th-century American sculpture. With two major commissionsearned this year and a show in progress at a Holland manufacturing plant, Mayer has demonstrated that he has reached some cordial agreements with the medium that was unfamiliar to him when he joined the Hope facultyin 1978.



will install a piece


$20,000 at Holland's Herrick Library this summer and last month he received a commission for a major outdoor sculpture at Macomb County Community College, located in what for him is new territory of recognition, the east side of the state. His show in Holland at the seating manufacturing plant of Herman Miller, Inc., consists of three outdoor pieces, two indoor pieces and several maquettes. It will be in place through May and is receivingnational exposure through articles in trade publications. Mayer says he works in metal to vent intellectual impulses and turns to clay when he's feelingmore spleenful. But he's made his best marks in aluminum, perhaps because the medium lends itself so well to the linear gracefulnessof what Mayer refers to as his "personal images": the trapezoid and the spiral. He's found that making art with metal often requires the macho fortitudeof a steel worker. There's cutting and welding, frabrication, grinding and modeling, sanding, and, finally, "an epic paint job. " Mayer believesit's often easier for people to gain an appreciationfor abstractsculpture than abstractpainting because of its physical accessibility.

"You can little

you can touch hands."

feel it,

like shaking

Of course, familiarity has



also been



to breed contempt. For instance,Mayer's

sculpture "Sun Dog II," Hope's first permanent outdoor piece, has been subject to all kinds of spontaneous"embellishments." But Mayer accepts this as an unavoidable outgrowth of the genre of public sculpture. "Abuse once bothered me, but I've come to realize that it's my job to construct a piece that has the ability to withstand the abuse which humans are privy to doing to anything that's invading their space — and to do that without sacrificing any of the aesthetics of the piece."

Mayer believesit's important for artists to methods and

talk about their intentionsand

for viewers to talk about the end product. For

these reasons, he is enthused about his show Herman Miller plant. "The presence of art in the workplace . . . promotes communication.Just putting the sculpture out there where people will see it every day will cause communication: opinions and arguments and all lands of things,but it will get words to move. " at the

DELBERT MICHEL Painter It has been a very good year in a stretch of successesfor Del Michel, the chairman and veteran facultymember of Hope's department of art who came to the College in 1964. Last month his work made a debut in New York City as part of a major exhibitionat the galleryof the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters. A group of paintings and drawings will be purchased from this exhibitionand given to museums across the country under the administration of the Hassam and Speicher Fund. Those purchase decisionswill be made this month, and Michel admits to crossed fingers. The work Michel is showing in New York is an abstract acrylic, "HandwrittenTriptych," which measures 8x14 feet. The show also presents the work of such blue-chip artists as Alex Katz, Ralph Goings, Agnes Martin, Richard Anuszldewiczand Leon Golub. Although Michel says he's often troubled that the art market of the world has become so centralizedin New York, he's elated to be a small part of the scene there and believes it's an important step in his career because it means his work is being seen by an all-new audience of critics,curators,museum and gallery directors, arts appreciators. "Because my work is so large, it can't be easily shipped and so slides are the more logical way to show my work to people who are some distanceaway. At the same time, the metallicpowders which I use on the surface of my paintings don't photograph well. So it's hard for a slide to really represent my work."

But up-close viewers in recent years have had few problemsappreciatingMichel's painterly proficiencies. He has exhibited in museums, universitiesand galleries in 15 states as well as Great Britain, and was selected for a prestigiousshow of "best of the state" artists last year at the Detroit Institute of Art. He's won prizes in national competitions, and sales from his studio have been brisk. Michel believesthe space and good lighting of his De Free Center studio have been conducive to hard work and have changed his style — moving from somewhat harsh, active images to softer, atmospherical, almost glowing ones. The artist sees his recent works as having more simplicityand subtlety than earlier works, but at the same time being more

offer the viewer "more layers of visual experience. " In short, he says, they're less likely to be taken in at a glance. Michel says he tends to work in series. A series stops when he begins to feel he's working out of habit and that his painting is becoming manneristic. He generates new discoveries by working quickly on paper. He always works in acrylics, he always works big and his interest in abstract,natural forces is always the exploration pivot. "I keep coming back' to this one thing: the energy — the wind, clouds, the sun as it moves across the lake onto the mainland. There's something in that energy that fascinates me." Michel believesthat's it more difficult to be an abstractartist than to be a tenderer of the recognizable.Realism requires little more than polished technique; abstractiondemands personal insightsand understandings. He sees his work as a constant search for the edge between careful, visual structureand spontaneous, emotive statement. His best paintings, and most surely the half-dozen or so that he considers his "landmark paintings," synthesize the two. Michel is good at talkingabout his art, and says he enjoys doing that with audiences of

complex because they



the uninitiated.He says, simply, arts appreciation is his soapbox because he truly believes everyone has the capability to communicate with the .visual arts. It's all a matter of acclimation. While he's happy to respond to the "What is it?" brand of questioning, he also believes that artists must reach out to a broader audience for significant feedback and knowledgeable acclaim or criticism. That's why the New York show is more than an addition to his vita. At the same time, he approaches it with modest, Holland-boundexpectations: "I would like to have the kind of recognition that you get when you show in New York, but achieving that is not a overwhelming desire on my part. Ilm much more interestedin being able to pursue in an honest way my own interests and in finding an audience that is somehow or another moved by me. It doesn't make any differenceto me whether that audience is here or in New York. I'm not painting for the art market as such. . . "My hope is that, because I don't fit in with the New York scene,my work will be recognized as something from the hinterlands that's real and honest." .


education for grades kindergarten through 12th, and for certification in regular education for the elementary or secondary grades. A student's minor qualifiesfor regular teaching. While suggestions ranging from merit pay for teachers to a longer school year urge school systems toward upgarding, the importanceof one rudiment of teaching seems unchanged but still difficult to teach. Discipline of school children is "crucial," according to Bultman. "You can't do anything without discipline," concurs Jane Osman, a 1963 graduate of Hope College and Latin teacher at Holland High School. During her 17 years of full-time teaching she has found that consistency and respect are the keys to discipline, but says that the personality of the teacher must also be reflectedin approach.

Bakker said the education faculty tries "certainly to give them (students) the knowledge of approachesto use" concerning discipline, but agrees that discipline

must be blended with

a prospective teach-

er's personality.

Dr. Carl Schackow, professor of education, teaches Educational Psychology and has instituteda "mentor" program to introduce college students to a one-to-one teaching situation.Once each week during the semester-longcourse prospective teachers meet with gifted students from local junior highs. Such topics as business, mar-

keting, computer science, French, chemistry and calculus are studied between the various pairs. Schackow said 51 students from West Ottawa Middle School and ten students from Holland Christian Middle

by Chuck Knebl

can occur — students unsure about teaching

Educarion in America was bombarded throughout the spring and summer with

are able to switch their objectives easily while still in the sophomore year. Dr. James Bultman, dean for the social

criticism.From the "nation at risk" warning of the NationalCommission on Excellence in Educationto the $1 million study

sciences and professor of education, said the field-theory idea was not originated at Hope, but it was packaged in a workable

high schools by the Carnegie Foundation Advancementof Teaching, the messages were clear: changes and improvements must be made.

systerp by the "pioneeringefforts" of Dr. Daniel Paul, professor of education and


for the


reports all agreed: better qualified

people must be drawn into teaching through higher salaries, they must take more liberal arts cdurses and standards for teacher certificationmust be raised. C. Emily Feistritzer, who prepared the Carnegie report, said recently in The Chronicle of Higher Education, "The best and brightest (students) are definitelynot

choosingteaching." That does not seem to be the case at Hope College. In the spring of 1979 a computer study was initiated by the education department with the registrar's office to compare recent teacher-certificated graduates with a like number of randomly selected non-certificated graduates. The results indicated that in each category the groups were nearly identical. For example, the average Hope College cumulativegrade point average of 229 certificated graduates was 3.101; for the same number of non-certificatedgraduates it was 3.056. Other categories covered high school grades and standardized test

chairman of the department,and Dr. Lament Dirkse, professor of education recently named dean of students. In 1967, Paul and Dirkse started a "miniteaching" plan for students in the elementary education program. Studentsin their junior year spend two weeks in campus classroomslearning the theory behind teaching a particularsubject, such as math, and then the following week apply that theory in a local elementary school classroom. Teams of three or four college students are assigned to a particularclass for one hour each day of that week. The elementary class is divided into small groups,

and each college student instructs 5-10 children on the subject. The process is repeated in four other subject areas throughout the semester. Mini-teachingwas revised for students

All students involved in the elementary or secondary teacher education programs at

Hope must complete the

college core pro-

gram, the education department requirements, and an academic major and minor. It is not possible to major in education at Hope. "Teacher-educationstudents meet the rigorous requirementsof academic majors like all other


students," Dr. Bultman (no relation to Laura) said. "In addition, they receive instruction from the education department in the art and science of teaching." Associate professor of education Dr.


Harold Bakker said most teacher education students graduate with more than the required 126 credits.Elementary education students must complete a major of 30 hours in one disciplineor a composite major of 36 hours in a combination of disciplines!The department recommendsthat elementary students take a composite major math or language arts because they will be teaching in a multi-disciplineenvironment. Elementary students are also required to take a minor of no less than 20 credit

hours. Bakker, co-director of certification, said

learn the theory and methods behind a particularsubject matter, such as chemistry or history, during ten weeks on campus

for certification purposes the state of

Mich., atteststhat the education faculty "gets you out into the school system as

tion in the entry level education course. Educational Psychology,"natural selection"

soon as possible . . . you're seeing, applying and you have hands-on experience."


was 70 percent and in 1982-83, 60 percent. Dr. Dirkse indicates that many unplacedteachers in last year's class elected to remain in particulargeographic areas, hence lessening chances for finding jobs. Many of these are working tificated graduates

regularly as substitute teachers, he informs. John Graves, superintendentof Hamilton public schools, said his district hired six Hope College certificated graduates since

1981. He added, "I do know that

I have a favorable reaction to the quality of person-

nel we're able to attain from Hope College


Comparison: Certificated and Non-Certiflcated Graduates


Certified IM-;-cr’iM Graduates


I i

Non-certificated Graduates

Secondary education students are re-

applying it in more concentrated time blocks. Prospective high school teachers

school-age children. And because Hope College puts students into a practicalsitua-

classroom. Paul said the placement of 1981-82 cer-

hours. quired to take a 30-hour major and a minor of 20 hours or a composite minor of 24

and then apply that knowledge two hours daily for five weeks. The small group Unlike many schools which are drastically changing their teacher-education teaching style remains unchanged. The field-theory method culminates with programs, Hope has felt no compulsion to 11 weeks of full-time student teaching durscramblefor improvement. Approximately 80 students complete Hope College's educa- ing the senior year. Paul said that from the time a student enters the education protion program annually, and they are gram until graduation, the amount of practrained through a field-theory method, tical experience will increase threefold; which has undergone littlechange since it from 25 percent of the course time in was established in 1967. Educational Psychology to 75 percent durThe idea behind a field-theory method is that prospective teachers improve each time ing student teaching. Laura Bultman, a senior language arts they apply the things learned in the college compositemajor from Grand Rapids, classroomto real situations involving

training into the education program. He said the computer is an "exceptionally . . . good tool" for many different purposesin the elementary and secondary

in either humanities, social studies,science-

seeking a secondary education certificate, with those students learning theory and


School are participatingthis semester. Paul said the department is currently discussing how to incorporate computer




igan operates an "approved program ap-

proach."That means each institutionin Michigan training teachers must design their programs to meet minimum state requirmenets or face disapproval of certification candidates by the state. Hope's program has been approved by the state, Bakker said. In 1976 the education department added


(79) percentile

High School

(70) percentile


20 40 60


the training of special education teachers to its program. Studentsin the specialeducation program do not fill the requirements of separate academic majors, but do complete the college core requirements, a major in learning disabilities or emotionallyimpaired and an academic minor of at least 20 hours.

The special education program, which uses the field-theory method of training, qualifiesstudents for certificationin special

SAT Verbal


10 20 30 40 50



Hope Cum. G.P.A.

1.5 2.0 2.5




Where haue


all the flower children gone?


to corporations euery

one? From



‘The Big Chill" to this publication'sown ‘‘class notes," there is evidence aplenty that

the counter-culture is mainstreaming.Most have settled


into professions and are

stubbornly adhere to their generation's vision of authenticityand have never quite given up on the idea that people can change the world. raising children,yet


Glenn Pontter 68, well known at Hope as an anti-war activist,has written an essay for season of peace on earth in response to a recent article about Dan Rutt '83, a Michigan


resident who



of the local


being prosecuted for his refusal to register with the SelectiveService.

managing editor of a community newspaper Chamber of Commerce. He's also a seasonal

in Narrowsburg,N.Y., and president ranger for the National Park

Service,a freelance writer and a professional storyteller.He Rutgers-educatedartist They have a new son.

by Glenn Pontier

— James Russell Lowell

problem on their own, are no solution

Of course war is murder. Even the either. soldiers know that. Especially the soldiers It is not a nuclear weapons freeze we know that. And they know it best of all. need, but a disarming. The past months But more. War is a lie. It is also hell. have shown that both sides are proAnd what's more, if we have another foundly irresponsible. In one terrible “big one," it will probably destroy the sense, we — American and Soviet and planet — if Jonathon Schell knows what Chinese and African and European and he's talking about. the United States is pouring


clear missiles into Europe; troops into

Lebanon, Grenada and Central America; and more money than ever into armaments. The Soviets have armies in Afghanistan; an iron hand in Poland; and a trigger-happypilot who just shot down a civilian airplane thinking it was a spy flight. And like a bad dream from the past, the government is forcing every 18-year old in the country to prepare for war, by signing up for the draft. That's how I got involved. Not too long after graduating from Hope College in 1968, the Selective Service drafted me. By that point the War in Vietnam was at full rage, and my neighbor Russ Ball was discharged from the army after being wounded for the third time. I'd had other friends who were injured, and I already hated that war. So did Russ. It was killing Vietnameseand Americans alike. In a place 6000 miles away from my land. I was already a conscientiousobjector, but now I could not cooperate with the military effort at all, and refused to be part of it. I was arrested at New Brunswick TheologicalSeminary. The jury found me guilty, and I was sentenced to “one year in the custody of the Attorney General." The attorney general at the time was John Mitchell. Some justice — we never did time


Prison changed stronger,


a "prisoner of


Made me And sadder. I was




for the crime of peace— locked up by men who met the definition of war criminalsestablished at


***** So now the draft

on it's way back in. And I see that Hope College has a future in people like Dan Rutt, just as it had a past with A. J. Muste. Listen, the world is on the brink. The threat of nuclear war is real and imminent. For years, our politicalleaders have not been able to provide real security to the country. We are not safe. But it is war that is the enemy. Small ones are cruelly devastating.A nuclear one could destroy the world, certainly civilizationas


we know


Ronald Reagan, his cabinet, the members of Congress, our militaryofficials are the problem. The Soviet rulers, a




Laurie Stuart, a

others to my own brand of faith. Love God and do what you will. I leave the businessend to the evangelists. But taking my religion personallyis something I have always done. "If they put you on trial for being a Christian, would there be enough evidence to find ple's" failure to stop the rise of fascism you guilty?" — has been a question cenin Germany? tral to my life on more than one occaDon't register with the Selective Sersion. But the key point here is — what is vice System when you turn 18. Tell your meant by the term Christian. Ah, to be friends and neighbors — and your sons free from compulsory chapel. not to obey this evil law. I remember my For me, my faith has grown some over parents telling me that conscription was the years, changed a little, but always consideredun-American when they were come back to several themes about love, kids. My Great Grandfather List was justice,truth, commitment, liberation, forced to serve time in the Dutch navy, life itself. Some folks understand these and said "we should be glad that this things in terms of redemption, salvation, could not happen to us in America." eternal life, resurrection, forgiveness. No one should ever be forced by their Probably it comes down to the fact that a

Truth and loveall else is treason

Ez for war, I call it murder, There you heve it plain an' flat; I don't want to go no furder Than my Testament for that.



Latin citizens — are all like the passengers on KAL 007. We have entered a time of danger against our will and are at the mercy of irresponsible military and political forces.

The system does not work. There is no defense to a nuclear war. To continue the present course is sheer madness. Yet our "leaders" are deaf and malfeasant.


will stop


government to war

is that

fight. One of the lies of

people want


When men do


called Jesus made the biggest impact on my life, togetherwith my family. Certainlythe people who have influenced me the most have been religious and spiritual individuals like Mohandas

people, refuse to


Gandhi, DietrichBonhoeffer, Martin Luther King, and Dorothy Day. I grew up, the son of a Reformed Church minister, in the William Tell tradition. Respect authority but don't bow to it. Your faith is the cornerstone. "Love God with all your heart and mind and soul, and your neighbor as yourself. " It's simple really, but then again, it

***** laws or comanything opposed to the moral order and consequently contrary to the will of God, neither the laws nor the authority granted can be binding on the conscienceof the citizen since God has more right to be obeyed than men. —Pope John XXIII If civil authorities pass




I expect to see the fulfillment hopes. Among them are: a good life for my family, a world free from want, a country I can be proud of. In short, I want to redeem the times, and save them. And what about you? Is it too much to risk that your faith can sustain you? Do you need bullets and missiles to protect you, too? What kind of people have we become that we place our trust in the ways of war? It is insanity and shame. It is

of It just depends on how you view the world. There is no real reason why this nation could not be a moral leader in the world. Democracy does not have to be exported at the end of a gun (it couldn't be, if language and logic have any meaning), it is indigenous to all peoples.Not even the totalitariansin countrieslike South Africa and Russia can smash the sense of freedom in their citizens. America has food reserves, scientific genius, common sense, a tradition of egalitarianism, and bountiful resources. It has often been wrong, viciously so to its native American and black populations; yet it has often been right, even inspiring in the Declarationof Independence and the Bill of Rights. There are reasons to have hope that a better way is possible. Slavery,footbinding of women, dueling afe examples of social institutions which are unacceptable the world over. When these activitiesdo occur, they are repugnant to the human community. Individualsor governments which commit them are outlaws. While our leaders are the problem, they are not the. real obstacle which stands in the way of abolishingwar. That block is us. Albert Camus understood when he stated "All I maintain is that on this planet there are pestilences and there are victims, and it is up to us, as far as possible, not to join forces with the

pestilences." It is possible for us to stop war by refusingto cooperate with it. And by

actively resisting it.

What was

it that

people used to say about the "good peo-

not enlist to become soldiers it is because there is no need. And even when they do, it is more often the only job available than it is a desire to kill. No army could exist solely on the pathological souls



Don't help with the war effort. Donate your federal taxes to the state or municipal

government or

to a charity, instead of

paying them. Demonstrateon the streets against the arms buildup and U.S. intervention in other countries. Boycott or withdraw investments from companies which make profits from war related contracts. Participate in non-violent civil disobedience to actually stop the efforts which bring us closer to war. Quit your job with a war industry or the military. We are not powerless. But we control only our own lives. We are each a little piece of the whole, out of which we effect change and shape our destiny.



ridiculous. I

do not believe that humanity will

acquiesce to the end of the world. In-

hold that the world's inhabitants to our problems. That people are capable and ready to throw off this yoke of violence which has chained the world to the institution of war for too long. My faith joins with Daniel Berrigan'shope: stead,


want non-violentsolutions


say: killing is disorder.

Life and gentlenessand

I would not alter much in my life, given the unlikely possibility that I could do it over. If anything, perhaps I would be a little quicker to follow my instincts. Which is to say, I have more faith. Religion is a funny thing. It is inspiration and spirit.It is not fact. Each of us struggles in our own. way and finds our own meaning. We will not all end up in the same place, God forbid that we did. I am not a believer in proselytizing. I care more about people's morality than their religion. If you ask me what I think about religion I am happy to tell you, but I have little interest in converting


only order we recognize. For the sake of that order we risk our liberty, our good name: The time is past when good people may be silent. is the



what point will you say no




have chosen to say with the gift of our liberty, if necessary our lives: the violence stops here the death stops here the suppression of truth stops here war stops here. Redeem the times!


Dr. Wilson is assistant professor of religion,having joined the faculty in

1982. He is a specialist in world religions.A graduate of Trinity College, he holds a master's from Wheaton College and a Ph.D. from the Universityof Iowa.

By Boyd Wilson, Ph.D. With the recent popularity of the epic film “Gandhi," the career of this remarkable little man from India has become quite well-known in America. Whereas it could be argued that as much misinformationwas disseminated by this movie as accurate information, I am satisfied with the image or impression that has been left by the film as well as other vague, popular awareness of this


Seeds of peace,

person of violence. This is the onset of success for the person of peace.

trees of peace:


Gandhi's seasonless

is, in fact, this

teachings natural rights,such as freedom, family and fortune, in order to pave the way to peace.


spirit of sacrifice requires self-control

There is no place even for "righteous anger" in the votary of peace. One

as well.


seeks peace must learn to control all natural impulses including those impulses

disciple of peace?

of hatred and anger.



logical starting point is the point of

Inner peace reaps external fruits, and one of these fruits is leadership. Gandhi grew to dislike the adjective "passive" when used

definition:what does Gandhi mean when he speaks of peace? Last year, the Critical Issues Symposium on campus dealt with the.question of peace. The campus newspaper questionedseveral students with re-

in reference to his

the absence of war, the absence of hatred, the absence of turmoil, the. absence of conflict.But peace is not to be so negatively characterized.Peace is a positive state. Peace for Gandhi, then, is the natural

and ordained order of things. It is the presence of pure humanity; it is the presence of love. War is an aberration; war is a negative state. The positive state of peace does, however, have negative aspects. Peace forbids hatred and ill-will. Peace rejects any spirit of antagonism or animosity.Peace abhors any sense of violence or injury. In a word, peace is non-violence.


THE WAY TO PEACE The path to peace that Gandhi teaches, then, is a path of personal strength and single-mindeddedication. It has

its inception in the ancient Indian practice of "vow" — the absolute commitment to a

higher principle.Gandhi called upon all practitionersof peace to take a vow every

firmly before the fiercest foe, for the assaults of self-indulgence and self-satisfac-

morning during a campaign of peace. "I shall not fear anyone on earth.



fear Truth or God alone. I shall bear ill will towards none. I shall refrain from

violence against all life, persons, and property. I shall submit to no injustice wherever it might be. I shall conquer untruth with truth. While conquering truth with untruth, hate with love, injustice with justice, I shall put up with


all sufferings quite cheerfully and


good will towards all."

The ramifications of this vow on the way The person of peace is willing to have violence and harm befall, but will never partake in violence of any form. The way to peace cannot possibly lead to unpeace or violence nor could peace ever proceed from unpeace or viopoint. lence. Peace leads away from violence; Non-violenceis the cornerstone of Gandhi'sentire program. But non-violence peace conquers violence. This is the essence is extended far beyond the simple avoidance of the vow. This is the personal strength and dedication that Gandhi inculcatesin his of personal, physical injury of another. Non-violenceincludes the avoidanceof vio- way to peace. This path, though, calls on the individual lence or injury in thought, word and deed. to do more than simply vow to be peaceful. An advocate of non-violence would not Gandhi draws upon other Indian traditions strike another, harbor ill-will toward anto complete the way to peace. He demands other, be moved by antagonism toward personal sacrifice. This sacrifice can take another, nor hate another. Such a person is many forms, including the ultimate sacrimoved by love and led into service of fice of death. Death, though, is not the others. This is peace. most difficult requirementto be met on Clearly, Gandhi's idea of peace is quite personal: it involves the individual first.

From the soul of the devotee this peace spreads to and is known in the world.

Once one knows peace, person is uniquely qualifiedto deliver and demonstratethe message of peace. The results of peace are far deeper though. One who has attained inner peace acquires courage to face the world and its challenges. The path to peace is so arduous that once completed, nothing else that is confronted seems fearsome.This courage based on inner peace enables one to stand

spread of peace.

It is just this sort of identity that charac-

Gandhi's thought in general, and his views of peace in specific. Peace is nonviolence; non-violenceis love; love is truth; truth is God. These simple equations, of course, are immense in their implicationsfor the entirety of Gandhi's philosophy. Although they are all worthy of our full consideration, it is only the identical relationship of peace and nonviolence with which we will deal at this

movement. He main-

tained that the person of peace was not passive, but one actively involved in the

gard to their understandingof the meaning of peace. One student was quoted as saying, "Peace, quite simply, is the absence of war." Gandhi would not be comfortable with this definition.To be sure, peace is

to peace are quite obvious.


tion have already been overcome. Peace also results in fearlessness.No external foe, no foreign power can ever assail one with the same magnitude as the self

and its desires.This fearlessnessobviously stems from the courage implanted by inner peace. But it manifests itself more openly. The person of peace stands fearlessbefore all attacks,either physical, mental or spiritual. The battle has already been won on all of these fronts and cannot now be lost. Power is another result of peace. Gandhi never tired of pointing out that peace, i.e., nonviolence, was the very foundationof the world. Once one has attained peace, this foundational, metaphysical, cosmic power becomes the possession of the disci-

power could be dangerous in the hands of a selfish, violent, evil person. But this power is beyond the grasp of such a one. The power of the universe is the power of peace and is at the disposal of the person of peace. ple of peace. This

Finally, peace results in success. Peace

cannot fail because peace is the very essence and fabric of the universe; there is no overcoming the power of truth and reality. The success of the person of peace is dependent on this fundamental aspect of peace itself. If you recall, the person of peace is willing to submit to violence for the purthis path. Sacrificecalls also for self-denial. pose of peace. This submission,though, outrages the core of existence in the uniThe advocate of peace will gladly deny the verse. First, the conscience of the on-lookself those things which are often considered


Several ramifications of Gandhi's view of peace can be seen to follow from what has preceded. First, it is clear that Gandhi envisions real victory to be only in and through peace. There can be no victory through violence or war. War establishesphysical superiority; it does not institutepeace.

of peace.

image of Gandhi as a "Man of Peace" with which I am presently interested.In the world today, peace is more than a quaint fancy, a nicety — it is a necessity. So it is with more than passing curiosity that we turn to Gandhi for some direction on the road of peace. We look to him with currencyand urgency. What can we learn about peace from this modem It

ing world is piqued. But next the moral sensibilities of the perpetrator of violence is also touched and a sense of guilt results. This is the beginning of conversionfor the

Gandhi considers war and violence futile, i.e., without results.He says, "the victory of the sword is no victory at all . . . it is an empty nothing. " As far as Gandhi is concerned, peace cannot result from war anymore than righteousness can result from sin. Peace attained by war is a provisional peace at best. In the final analysis, it is no peace at


Gandhi holds firm to this position be- * cause of his view of ends and means. "'The end justifies the means" may be an old saw, but Gandhi rejects it outright. The end is determined by the means. The end of peace cannot be attained by the means of war or violence. What Gandhi argues here is not outrageous or unreasonable.In any other arena save that of war and peace, it is a position readily accepted. Evil cannot bring about good: this is a general maxim of most religions.Much of Western Christendom was scandalized by Joseph Fletcher's "situation ethics" which suggestedthat an unrighteousact could be deemed righteous in light of the result that ensued. Yet many of those


reject "situation ethics" in

every other arena of life embrace that very approach to geo-politics.Gandhi voices a categorical"No" to this. An image that Gandhi finds felicitous in

and a tree. Just as an apple seed cannot produce a pear tree, this regard is that of a seed

so the seed of violence cannot possibly blossom forth into peace. The end is contained within the means. The final ramification of Gandhi's view of peace is perhaps the most piercing. Submission to the way of violence, even in the name of peace, is a capitulation to the very thing that is opposed. Victory in the name of peace is already lost, for peace has been abandoned. Even if one wins the battle and the war, the cause is lost. If an enemy assaults you with violence, a violent reaction on your part is a loss from the start.

Even if you were to overcome the enemy, you would have been defeated. You have become one with the enemy by employing the same techniques. In this age of uncertainty and perilous peace, Gandhi's message is one that needs to be heard. It is a clarion call to abandon the way of the enemy of peace in defense of peace. We cannot continue waging war in the


of peace. This is the lesson

Gandhi communicates to us. It is the epic film which we have to thank for bringing this message to the Western world. Now we respond to Gandhi in much the same way India, his native land, responded and continues to respond. We honor him. We respea him. We revere him. We ignore him.


The risky business

of a pit-player

by Eileen Beyer His armor jacket that

is a loose,


makes him look like someone

who takes your tickets at the movies. His weapons are a lead pencil, cards that fit into his breast pocket, a voice that's resistant to rasp, and his bare hands. He does six hours of battle each day in a place known simply as "the pit." Dirk Walvoord '68 is a survivor of modern commercial warfare, an independent trader at the Chicago Board of Trade on West Jackson Boulevard. There seems only one word to describe the place: primitive. Forget the computer-run boards and screens that bank the huge room. Forget that most of those who do daily combat here are collegeeducated. Forget that the ones who have been around for awhile go home in BMWs to luxury condos or lakefront homes in the more swashing of suburbs. Forget the lofty rationales for trading you may have heard — things such as "transferof price-changerisk." Not that those things aren't so. It's just that they don't seem to matter much in the pits. What matters in the pit is survival: buying, selling, making profits, cutting losses. It's all done with screams and hands that take on the look of claws as the various signals are formed. And it's all kept track of with the pencils and the cards. Simple. From all appearances,it helps to be young. For Walvoord, who in early 1979 gave up the harmonious life of a school choral conductor for the chaos of a pit-player, it's the simple bare-facednessof the place that's appealing. "It's combat — and it's fantastic because there's so little deceit, so little fantasizing to


it into

something other than just

that. If you're good here,

money. When

you make


was teaching, I made an annual salary of $7,428 if I was doing things right as a teacher — and I made an annual salary of $7,428 if I was doing things wrong as a teacher. "But the only thing that is rewarded down here in the pits is excellence. If you do it wrong, you're not punished and nobody makes fun of you. There's no place for any of that — the marketplace does all the scolding." But just how does that contemporary catchall "excellence"actually translate in of


one's own best interest. Friendshipsjust wouldn't fit too easily in the system." who trade for others; others, like WalThat the pit is not exactly a hotbed of the pits? What's the difference between brotherly love is evident in one of the voord, are locals who trade for themsomeone like Walvoord, one of a dozen most bizarre things Walvoord has witselves. Some trade commodities — from survivorsof the 100 or so hopefuls who soybeans to silver; others, like Walvoord, nessed there: a runner (a messenger beearned trading permits two years ago, tween broker and the broker'sfirm's trade financial futures — in his case "Ginand the tycoons-turned-taxi-cab-drivers nie Maes," contracts on certificatesissued sidelines desk) fainted; the traders just or investments counselors or suicide staby the Government National Mortgage kept on trading, stepping over the body tistics? Just what does it take to be good on the floor when necessary. Association.Some trade one contract at a in the pits? Although he can't talk for long without time; others, like Walvoord, trade in "The word that you hear a lot is lots. Most trade current contracts; othlapsing into the hyped-up jargon which is discipline," says Walvoord. "What that the talk of the Trade, Walvoord gives no ers, like Walvoord, are distant-month means is doing what you know you have other indications of trader-fever. The setraders. They get to know who's what, to do — cutting your losses immediately cret of success is, ironically, to remain and tend to trade with others of their and forcing yourself to hold on to your kind. detached from one's dollars, he says. winners. That's very hard to do because "The huge sums aren't real. All I "There's always some structure in the it goes against human nature. The tempthink about is a tick — a price fluctuation. pits, it's just that it changes quickly," tation is to hold on to your losses, telling Walvoord instructs. Each tick is worth $31.25. I may have yourselfthey'll come back. It's a natural thousands of dollars on the card in my Indeed. Things are so noisy, so elbowtendency to be hopeful, but it just pocket, but I'm only thinking in ticks." to-elbow at the Board of Trade that the doesn't work in the pits. . . He lost money almost all the time observer keeps expecting a principal to "I know of nobody here — well, I know during his first year, but didn't give in to come rushing through a door someplace of just one — that's stupid. In general, discouragement because he knew he was to break up the melee. But contrary to traders are quick-wittedand pretty facile. getting better. Unlike many traders, as appearances,there is community in the On the other hand, they wouldn't strike pits, Walvoord says. There are nicknames he's become more successful Walvoord you as very intellectual.They're not well has resisted developing extravagant and small talks and evidences of acquainread or into philosophy or religion or tastes. tance. But intimacy is rare. politics.In a sense, this is a very blue"There is no paycheck with this job, "There's not much socializing outside collar job — people just come in and do no security and no benefits. I am in the pit because everyone understands it." business for myself and must plan acthat once inside everyone is acting in .


The job, Walvoord says,

otic as it seems.



not as cha-

traders are brokers

cordingly. Traders have a reputationfor being fast-lane types, and there's talk of lots of drug use. I don't know how much of that is true. I know I'm a husband and the father of a five-year bid; I know I go home weekends and putty windows and rake leaves."

He's found meditation useful as a daily relaxation technique.That's about all he

does to prepare for the 8:00-2:00 (with lunch hour) fray. Any nostalgia for teaching?An obvious holdover from his conductor days is that he relies more on hand signals than voice. But Walvoord is hooked on his potential as a trader, which he sees as limited only by how much he's willing to risk.


benefit of teaching, of course,


that you're influencingyoung people and there is nothing here that compares to

As a trader, at the end of the year there is nothing in the job that I can point to as contribution;there are just dollars left. There's, no way to philosophize and say that I'm doing something for society. But society is supporting this activity — and so I see no reasons for apology. It's a job like many jobs: It's demanding and rewarding." that.




alumni happenings The Alumni Office continues to be


busy place

following successful fall activities including the visits

to the campus by a record number of our alumni

for Homecoming. As we move to the Holiday Season, the various class leaders have been holding

meetingson campus to plan for spring reunions on Alumni Day, May 5. If your class is holding a reunion, you will want to plan the trip to Holland for your reunion. Reunion classes for May are: '34, '39, '44, '49, '54, '64, and '69.' Because the 1940s were unusual times during which many interrupted their educations, the Class of 1944 is inviting those who entered Hope as freshmen in 1940 to attend their reunion. Dr. D. Ivan Dykstra'35 joined to


for visits

Philadelphia at the home of Bob and LucilleHoeksema where he shared with alumni and friends in the area and presented a slide program. The calendar for spring alumni events is now being completedand meetingswill feature the new Hope College film. The film will premier at the "Winter Happenings" on Friday, February10, in the DeWitt Theatre. Plan now to be on campus Saturday, February11, for three academicseminars in the morning, a luncheonwith the participants, and the Hope College^Varsity Basketball game at 3 p.m. in the Holland Civic Center. The day will conclude with hot chocolate and cookies and a concert by the Hope College Jazz Band on the court following the game. Each of us in the Alumni Office along with the members of your Alumni Board extend to you our best wishes for a blessed HolidaySeason and God's blessings in the



Vern Schipper '51 Associate Dirertor College Relations for Alumni Affairs


hold meetingswith the California alumni during

the month of November. The specialslide/ tape presentation "Linked to the Anchor" brought Hope

class notes

closerto West Coast alumni. The first meeting was held on


Class notes and other alumni information sections

in Sacramentoat the home of

Andrew Nyboer '39 is a dentist in Rockford, 111. Andrew and his wife celebrated their 40th wedding anniversary in September.

40's Jay Kapenga '41 has retiredafter 39 years of service in the Middle East as a missionary of the Reformed Church in America. Since 1975 he has worked in Oman, where he conducteda unique ministry among the traditionalhand weavers. Eloise Boynton '41 Bosch and her husband,Donald, spoke at The Church in Brielle, N.J. They are missionaries in Muscat-Mutrah,Oman. The Bosch's are specialists in conchologyand their work in the field has been recognized with several seashellsbeing named for them. Jerome Dejong '41, pastor of Bethany Reformed Church in Grand Rapids, Mich., was the featured speaker at the 83rd Midwest Sunday School Convention held in Holland, Mich., in October. Jerome received an honorary doctor of divinity degree from NorthwesternCollege in Orange City, Iowa. Bill Bennett '49 is a hospice volunteer as a pastor/counselor in Holland, Mich. Bill took an early

in News from Hope College are compiledby Marjo-

evening including dessert and fellowship with alum-

ry Graves of the alumni office. Deadline for receiv-

retirement at age 62. Jay Weener '49, pastor of Second Reformed Church in Kalamazoo,Mich., spoke at the annual

ni from throughoutthe Sacramentoarea was high-

ing items for the next issue is Jan. 16.

Festivalof Preaching at Christ Memorial Reformed

Church in Holland, Mich.

Dr. Dykstra. The following evening, under the

In honor .of Maurice Visscher '22, the Minnesota

MedicalFoundationhas established a permanent graduate fellowship in physiologyat the University of Minnesota. Alice Van Hattem '28 Jones and her husband are stillenjoying winters on their peaceful island home in Honduras. They welcome drop-ins en route to Door County (Wis.) to their Two Rivers home on Lake Michigan during the rest of the year. Frank Moser '28 has coauthoreda two volume work entitledThe Phthalocyanines. Since his retirement, Frank has been a consultant with Donnelly Mirrors in Holland working in the new technology field of coatings on glass used in computer parts.

30's Ken Pinch '38 has retiredfrom the H. J. Heinz Company.Ken served the food industry for 44

Hope College Alumni Association


Office of International

Are Pleased to



Two Alumni Study Tours for June 1984


students of the University of Brussels for the

month of February.

Edwin Coon

'56 is the senior pastor of the First

Presbyterian Church in Everett, Wash.

Don den Hartog

'56 is the pastor of the Fellow-

ship Reformed Church in Lombard, 111.

Harold Ritsema '57 has accepted the position of developmentofficerin the developmentdivision at Hope College.


a minimum requirementCPA, CIA, CMA, or Ph.D. desirable. Tenure-track. Teaching includes basic and advanced courses in accounting. B/OLOGV— -Microbiologist one-semester, sabbatical-leavereplacement beginning January, 1984. Teaching responsibilities involve a general microbiology course with laboratories. Possibility for teaching a summer microbiology course. COMPUTER SC/E/YCE— Tenure-track. A Ph.D. in Computer Science or equivalent experience is required. Duties include teaching undergraduateComputer Science at all levels, supervision of undergraduateresearch projects, and advising undergraduate majors.

EDUCATION— Three-year

(with a China option as

term appointmentwith possibility for renewal. Major reeducation and experience in the teaching the lower elementary classroom level are required.A doctorate is

sponsibility in the area of reading. Both of reading at


ENGINEERING— MechanicalEngineer, tenure-trackposition.

Ph.D. strongly preferred.

additionalexpectations.Ph.D. required. Tenure-track. Ph.D. required.Must be qualified to teach languageat all levels and post- 16th century literature.Demonstrated excellence in teaching, willingnessto use innovativemethodologies, and scholarlypromise are required. GEOLOGV— Tenure-track. Ph.D. required,abilityto teach mineralogy, general geology, and economic geology necessary. Persons qualified to assume chairmanship and to develop a vigorous grant-supported research program involvingunder-




Tenure-track. Ph.D. required.Must be qualified to teach languageat all literature.Demonstrated excellence in teaching, willingnessto use innovative methodologies, and scholarlypromise are required. MATHEMATICS— Tenure-hack.Ph.D. required.Ability to teach advanced undergraduate courses required.Research and scholarlyactivity involvingundergraduates levels



Jack Hascup '53 is the secretary for stewardship developmentfor the three eastern Synods of the Reformed Church in America. Norman Gysbers '54 was pleased and honored to be featured in the August issue of News From Hope. He recently presented an address on "Trends in Career Guidance" at a plenary session of the 5th Annual Conferenceof the Asian Regional Association for Vocational and Educational Guidance in Jakarta,Indonesia. Norman was recently appointed to the "Professorship Francqui"for 1983-84. He will go to Belgium and meet with faculty and

Ability to teach


— Led by Dr. Paul

Florida to golf and relax. Robert DeYoung '50 is the campaign chairman for capital fund raising for the Lakeside Residence for Boys and Girls in Kalamazoo,Mich. William Grunden '53 is the captain of Oak Bluffs (Mass.) Fire Department.William is in charge of all

mechanical engineering and direct student research and internships required.Research interest in computer methods of analysisand design desired. ENGINEERING — Electrical Engineer, tenure-trackposition. Teaching duties include electrical engineering courses and courses in candidate's specialty. Development of liaisons with local industriesand establishment of a viable research program are




be retiringon January1 after


leadership of Jan Evert '57, San Francisco area alumni gathered at th? San Remo Restaurant just four blocks from Fisherman'sWharf. These alumni had an hour of fellowship prior to dinner with the presentation of the slide/ tape show. There was also opportunity to share with D. Ivan. Los Angeles alumni, parents and friends were gathered at the Garden Grove Community Church under the leadership of the president of the Los Angeles club, Anne VerMeulen Ward '53 and alumni board member, Chris Lohman '73. Saturday, Nov. 12, proved the perfect time to spend at the Garden Grove facility. The event included a reception and dinner and a time to share in the life and work of the College. At this meeting. Dr. Leon Bosch was elected the 1984 President of the Southern California Alumni Association. Plans are underway for their next ’event.Dr. Henry and Sara Trompen Beltman,both of the Class of 1916, attended and were honored at the meeting. On December 6, President Van Wylen was in


Mary Breid '50 will

33 years of teaching. Mary will be moving to

Preston '47 and Marcia '48 Stegenga. A beautiful

lighted by an exciting "give and take" session with


an add-on)


and 16th- 18th century

strongly encouraged.


Greece and the Greek Islands — Led by Dean Jacob E. Nyenhuis and Leona Nyenhuis

Watch for details in the

MUSIC/VIOLIN—Tenure-hack.Master's degree required,Ph.D. preferred. Must be advanced courses in coach chamber ensembles.Solid commitment to both teaching and performance is essential. Conducting experience is also desirable. NURSING— Community Health Nursing— Tenure-track positionbeginning January, 1984. Doctoral degree preferred.Master's degree in Nursing with clinical preparation in community health nursing and at least two years clinical practice required. Experiencein teaching desired. qualified to teach studio violin and viola, plus introductoryto



February news from Hope College GENERAL REQUIREMENTS— Commitment to or contact: Vern



Director of

Alumni Relations






undergraduateteaching and to

the character and goals, of the College. RANK AND SALARY — Dependent upon qualifications and experience. APPLICATION PROCEDURE — Submit curriculumuitae to: Provost David G. Marker Hope College Holland, Michigan (616) 392-51 11, Ext 2010



Ronald Kuiper '59


the author of a new book

entitledCrisis on the Grand, The Log jam of 1883. Thomas Nowotny '59, Austrian Consul General in

New York City

Vienna where he will head the departmentfor European affairs in the Foreign Office. His new duties also include a liaisonresponsibilitybetween his office and the Austrian parliament.



the office

manager for the Town of BrightonRecreation and Youth Services Agency. Carla VandeBunte '65 Sterk is a missionaryin Chiapas, Mexico. Carla was the featured speaker at the Zeeland (Mich.) Women's ClassicalUnion of the Reformed Church in America. William Bouma '66 is the directorof KAR Laboratories, Inc., in Kalamazoo, Mich. Barbara Kouw '66 Forman is a student at Thomas M. Cooley Law School in Lansing, Mich. In June, Diane Johnson '57 Polanskyand Barbara spent a week in San Francisco visitingJanice Evert '57. They originally met during the 25th anniversary of the Vienna Summer School Alumni Tour in the

summer of


'70 Branch prepares and performs


John Schalk '68 is the executive officer of the U.S.S. Canisteo, homeported in Norfolk, Va. Harper Emerson '69 Braine is a flight attendant with Pan American World Airways. Barbara Timmer '69, vice president of the National Organizationfor Women, spoke to the national government classesat Hope College in October.


Jean and

Company. Robert Branch '70 is the pastor of the First Congregational Church of Essex, Mass. Robert Kouw '70 is chairman of the steering committee for North Central Evaluation Committee for Plainwell (Mich.) High School.

Pianne Wyngarden

Winfield Burggraaff '61, professor of history, is also serving as associatedirector of the Center for InternationalPrograms at the University of Missouri-Columbia. Winfield is also a member of the Council of St. Andrew's Lutheran Church. Gail Friesema '61 Famham is the elementary supervisor in Nonhwestern Lehigh School District in Allentown,Pa.

Nancy Guldenschuh'62 Zimmer


puppet shows with her troupe,

since 1978, has returned to




the directorof

Christian education at Second Reformed Church in Zeeland, Mich.


Wenham, Mass. Carol Hoekstra '75 Echenique is a medical social worker at Bronson MethodistHospital in Kalamazoo,Mich. Kenneth Hoesch '75 is on the board of directors of the Zeeland(Mich.) Chamber of Commerce. Mark Williams '75 is a 4-H extension agent in Branch County, Mich. Kim Baker '76 is on the editorialstaff of the Church Herald. Lydia Huttar '76 Brown is busy at home with three sons and substitute teaching English as a second languagewith Holland (Mich.) Community

Katherine Schultz '80 is a Spanish teacher at Lowell (Mich.) Senior High School. Katherine spent 14 months teaching in a private school in Central AmericS and worked with Salvadoranrefugees dur-



instructor at Gordon College in


VandeKemp '71 is a

tenured associate

professor of psychologyat Fuller Theological Semi-


nary in California.

(Tenn.) Theological Seminary.

Thomas Gouwens

'72 gave an organ concert at

Ferrol '76 is a junior at the

Larry Koops '76

is a



officer at

ing her free time.

HabtemariamTedemariam Michigan.

Mark Douma

'81 is a psychotherapist in Fort

Wayne, Ind. Rick Kooiker '81 is the associatephysical director of the North Canton (Ohio) YMCA. Craig Morford '81 is attending Valparaiso Universchool of law.

Susan Norbury '81

is a

laboratory technician

doing qualitativeanalysis for Mideco Inc., in Salt Lake City, Utah.

the First United MethodistChurch in Holland,

Peoples Bank in Holland, Mich.

Kim Kuiper

Mich., as part of their 1983-84 ConcertSeries.

Elizabeth Boersma '77 is attending Fuller Theological Seminary in Pasadena, Calif. Mark Brown '77 is teaching computer science at Hope College. Mimi Baar '77 Bush and her husband,Mark, provided a creativeworship experience at Fellowship Reformed Church in Holland, Mich., in October. They provided the music and the message. Blythe Denham '77 was installedinto the ministry of the word and sacramentsof the First United Presbyterian Church in Belleville, 111.,in November. Frederick Schlemmer '77 is the accounting operations manager (in U.S. A.) for Nissan Motor Company in Carson,Calif. Mark Smircina '77 is a professor of psychologyat BlackburnCollege in Carlinville,Ohio. Mary Wickert '79 Cook teaches special education in Kentwood (Mich.) Public Schools. Celaine Bouma-Prediger '79 is enrolled full-time in the master's of divinity program at Fuller TheologicalSeminary in Pasadena, Calif., concentrating in marriageand family ministries. Steven Bouma-Prediger '79 is completinghis master's of- philosophythesis from the Institutefor

in Rio-San-Gabriel, Calif.

Daniel Dykstra '74

is a

captain in the U.S. Ma-

rines stationed in Alexandria, Va.

JustineEmerson '74


starting a year of volunteer


the United Mission to Nepal. Roxanna Spurgis '74 Gable is the directorof data processing at West Shore Community College in Scottville,Mich. Larry Hagberg '74 works for Wycliffe Bible Translators, translatingthe New Testament into the Mayo languageof northernMexico. PhyllisKallemyn '74 is the assistantbusiness manager for Central Michigan Newspapers, john Mayo '74 is a captain in the U.S. Army Dental Corp stationed in Munchweiler,West Germany. Arthur Osterberg '74 is the vice president of sales for Pretzel House in Plainfield,N.J. Samuel Quiring '74 is a software engineer for Verdix Corporationin Aloha, Ore. Timothy Van Dam '74 traveled in Europe for 20 weeks and is now working at Architectural Design Forum of Herzfeld/Carderin New York City. Diana Holthuis '74 White is a part-time piano medical service in

'80 is a doctoral can-

didate in Near Eastern studies at The University of

'82 is teaching second arid third grade

Penny Meints

'82 spent four months in the Peace Corps agroforestry program in Mali, West Africa. Penny is now residing in Kalamazoo,Mich. Christina Van Eyl '82 is on the editorialstaff of the Christian Herald. '82 Wood is teaching pre-kindergarten at a day care center in College Station, Texas.

Debbie Webster

Ron Wood

'82 is doing graduate work in industrial

engineering at Texas

Kim Brown



'83 is planning to attend Berkeley or

N.Y.U. graduate schools. Nicholas Hodgman '83 is working for Harris Corporation in Melbourne,Fla. Melody Holm '83 is attending Michigan State University in East Lansing working on a master's degree in English. Melody has a teaching assistantship at the English Center at


Julia Huttar '83 is attending The University of

Michigan in Ann Arbor working on a degree in organ and church music. Julia is working at an Episcopal church near Ann Arbor. Lisa

Kammer '83


attending the University of

Detroit (Mich.) dental school.

Christian Studies while enrolled part-time in the

Chuck Knebl '83 is working towardsa

master's of divinity program at Fuller Theological

degree at NorthwesternUniversity's Medill School

Seminary in Pasadena, Calif. Larry Jackson '79 was installedas minister of the Second Reformed Church in Grand Haven, Mich. Sheryl VanderWerp '79 McCarthy is an emo- ' tionallyimpaired/leamingdisabilities teacher in Kentwood, Mich. Charles Ranson '79 is an investmentbroker at Legg Mason Wood Walker Inc., in Washington, D.C. John Voorhorst '79 is studying Asian Studies with a Japanese concentration at The University of Michigan at Ann Arbor.

of Journalism.

Margot Hoeksema



is a

teacher at

Elim Christian School for the Handicappedin Palos Heights,


middle school specialeduca-

Susan Mason '83 is attending Ohio University working on a degree in zoology. Kathy Bullard '83 McAndrew is teaching in a K-3 classroom at a Montessorischool in Benton Harbor,Mich. Mary Jo Wester '83 Morford is teaching sixth and seventh grade at DeMotte (Ind.) Christian School. Stephan Pinkham '83 is studying at the AlbertLudwigs Universitat in Freiburg, West Germany through a University of Massachusettsat Amherst exchange program. Lisa Rietveld '83 is the assistantproduction manager at Weiser Group Advertising Agency in Chi111.

Thomas Sakdnicki

Susan Sharp '80 Anker is a clinical social worker in Northville, Mich. Robert Box '80 is a pre-hospital admissionevaluator with Community Mental Health Services in Norfolk, Va. Cindy Fowler '80 is a paraprofessional at Rainbows United, a preschool for mentallyand physically handicappedchildren in Wichita, Kan. Melanie Miskotten '80 is the savings department manager at Ottawa Savings & Loan in Holland, Mich. Douglas Mulvaney '80 is an associatewith the law firm of Stutsman & Stevens in Elkhart, Ind. Jennifer Nielsen '80 Mulvaney is working for radio in Elkhart, Ind.

is a

tion teacher in Adrian, Mich.




Carla Landpn '83


'83 is looking for a job in the

physics field.

Martin Schoenmaker'83




State University in Detroit, Mich.

Ericka Smith '83 works in Galveston, Texas where she evaluates claims from hurricane victims.

Brenda Suchecki '83 is teaching English at Hamilton (Mich.) High School.

Martha Szilagyi

'83 is participatingin the Phila-

delphia Urban Semesterand working as an intern at

Hahnemann University

Hospital in the Office of

Development and Public Affairs. Joel Van Houten '83 is an elementaryvocal music teacher in the Greenville (Mich.) School District.

Paul Voorhorst '83 is studying bio-statistics Western Michigan University in Kalamazoo.


ancKprA Keep

tune with the student’s viewpoint. • Receive the student newspaper at your home for 4 months. • 12 issues at a subscription price of $5. • Send name, address, and your check payable to Hope College anchor to: •







anchor % Business Manager Hope College Holland, Michigan 49423 NEWS FROM HOPE COLLEGE, DECEMBER 1983



Russell Chambers '81 and Kathryn Ouellette, Sept.

Dennis Hengeveld '61 died on May 3, 1983, in Fullerton,Calif., after a two-yearbout with cancer.

Margaret Barlow '29 Kollen died on Oct. 11, 1983, in Ann Arbor, Mich. She was an editor for the Fifth Edition of the "American Men of Science"; organized, ran and held the rank of captain in the American Red Cross Motor Corps during World War II; and was a member of the Women's

He had been an associateprofessor at Cal State Fullerton since 1967 and was named the vice-

City Club. Mrs. Kollen is survived by two sons, Michael and

chairman of the English departmentin 1982. Dr. Hengeveld is survived by his wife. Dr. Mitzi Myers.

Pieter;and a brother, John Towner.

17, Crosse, He, Mich. John Fairbanks '78 and Susan Jewell,Aug. 20, 1983,

North Muskegon, Mich. Jon Fakler ana Peggy Johnson '78, Oct. 1, 1983, Holland, Mich. Raymond Fitch '75 and Karen Rinaldo, Aug. 20, 1983, Jamestown, N.Y. Paul Garmirian '79 and CamilleFontana, Aug. 13, 1983 Michael Gentry and PatriciaWiersma '70, Sept. 24, 1983, Zeeland, Mich. Donald Guderian and Lois Veenhoven '74, Nov. 28, 1982 Harvey Koedyker '82 and Karen Heikema '82, Sept. 3, 1983, Munster, Ind. Warren Kooyers'83 and Kimberly Beyer '84, Aug. 6, 1983, Kalamazoo,Mich. Karl Krautheim '81 and Stacey Freeman, Oct. 1, 1983, Muskegon, Mich. Mark Malone '81 and Kathleen Engler,July 30, 1983, Charlotte, N.C. Robert McKeever and KathleenHann '82, Sept. 24, 1983, Holland, Mich. Steven Perry and Diane Williams'82, Oct. 8, 1983, Tecumseh, Mich. MichaelPiggott and Ann Radtke '81, Sept. 3, 1983, Muskegon, Mich. David Schweighoeferand Heidi Schuur '75, Oct. 22, 1983, Kalamazoo,Mich. Kevin Syperda and Beth Harvey '81, Oct. 8, 1983, Wyoming, Mich. Timothy Taylor '82 and Julie Hoogland, July 30, 1983, Holland, Mich. Paul Van Heest '82 and Mary Schaffer '84, Aug. 20, 1983, Ann Arbor, Mich. JeffreyVerBeek '81 and Susan Argas, Aug. 6, 1983, Detroit,Mich.

William Janssen '29 died on Sept. 22, 1983, in Sun City, Ariz. He attended Hope Preparatory School and Hope College and received his B.A. degree from The University of Michigan.He taught in Ionia for two years before entering McCormick Theological Seminary in Chicago. He served several churches in before retiringin 1970. Rev. Janssen is survived by his wife Berthena; a

Raymond Lubbers

'14 died on Sept. 24, 1983, in Des Moines, Iowa. He had a B.D. from Western Theological Seminary. He taught at NorthwesternAcademy from 1914 to 1916. He was a pastor for 40 years. Rev. Lubbers is survived by two daughters, Dorothy Bawden and Ruth DeCook; and two brothers, Irwin and Melvin.


Word was

received of the death of Cynthia Pennings '19 Rozeboom on Sept. 27, 1983, in Orange ' City, Iowa.

Word was received of the death of John Slager '41 on Oct. 14, 1983, in South Holland, 111. received of the death of Neil Van Oostenburg '27 on June 3, 1983, in Grand Rapids, Mich. He is survived by his wife, Marian Warner '34 Van Oostenburg.

Word was

Thomas Weeber

'83 died on Nov. 14, 1983, in

Holland, Mich. He was involved in a one car accident. He graduated from Grandville (Mich.) High School in 1980 and was a senior at Hope College where he was a chemistrymajor and a member of the pre-medical honor society.He was also active in intervarsityChristian Fellowship and Ministry of

Word was received of the death of Mayme Kloote Muilenburgon Oct. 18, 1983, in Claremont,

Christ's People.

daughter, Annabell;a son Jan; two sisters; and five





Mr. Weeber is survived by his parents, Thomas Gwen Weeber; and a sister, Gayle.

The Alumni Association announces


A Winter


births Richard and Peggy Hierlihy '77 Berta, Nicole Marie, Sept. 22, 1983 Steven '72 and

Nancy Burke

Friday & Saturday, February 10-11

'72 Berry, Meredith

Hope, Aug. 31, 1983 and Marianne Van Heest '74 Bouwens, Martha Ann Feb. 26, 1983 Kenneth '78 and Mary Wickert '79 Cook, Matthew Jon, Jan. 5, 1983 Marshalland Kim Tyler '82 Evans, ChelseaSusan, July 6, 1983 Bob '69 and Janet Bumford '71 Flier, John Robert, Aug. 17, 1983 Michael and Diane Vannette '74 Hagan, Sean Patrick, July 14, 1982 James '71 and L. Ann Hallisey, Elizabeth Hallisey, .Oct. 24, 1982 Mark '76 and Yvonne DeMaar '74 Holtz, Jeffrey Aaron, July 28, 1983 Charles and Barbara Van de Vusse '79 Kelley, Megan Elizabeth,Oct. 19, 1983 John and Marilyn Rathbun '76 Koedyker, Vance v Gerard, Aug. 16, 1983 Walter and Arline Scheffel '71 Maeser, Adrienne Arline, Mar. 5, 1983 John '74 and Mary Millard '74 Mayo, Andrew Dean, Aug. 4, 1983 Kevin '74 and Nancy Neckers, Jon Hendrik, Aug. 12, 1983 Ned- '77 and Kristin Pfeiffer, Matthew Alan, April 25, 1983 Glenn Pontier '68 and Laurie Stuart,Zachary StuartJoel '74

FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 10 Premier showing of hew Hope College




9:15 a.m.

- Academic Seminars Freedom -The Vanishing Legacy? by Professor Ion Agheana, associate professor of romance languages and 983 recipient of Hope outstanding professor award. Hands-on Ceramics with Professor William Mayer of 1

the art department.

The Truth About Home Computers by Professor Herbert Dershem, chairman of the computer science department a.m. -A Rendezvous with History Facts, Fallacies


Michaela, bom Aug. 7, 1982 John '66 and Frear Simons,John L. V, Mar. 11, 1982 Jerry '71 and Lynda Dethmers '72 Sittser, Catherine Grace Wilimina,Mar. 19, 1983




the Future:

The “not-for-prime- time professors” portray offbeat revolutionaries through costume and dialogue, DeWitt Center theatre.


12:30 p.m.



Kenneth Appell '78, Ph.D., chemistry, Purdue University,1983 Lois Amidon '70 Branch, M.A., puppetry. University of Connecticut, May, 1981 Jack Doorlag '71, D.Min., Fuller Theological Seminary, Aug. 1983 Pamela Pater '80 Ennis, M.S.W., Rutgers University,

3 p.m.





Luncheon, Phelps Hall

Swimming versus Kalamazoo (men -


women), Dow Center

Men’s basketball versus Albion, Holland Civic Center



Jazz concert and refreshments, Holland Civic Center

Child care service

May, 1983

Hodgman '83, M.S.E., The University of Michigan,1983 Larry Koops '76, M.B.A., Western Michigan University, 1983 Clyde Loew '59, D.Min., Fuller Theological Seminary, Sept., 1983 Pamela Ripperda79, D.V.M., Michigan State University,June, 1983 Louise Purring 76 Shoemaker, M.Div., McCormick Theological Seminary, June, 1983 Marcia VandenBerg 78, M.R.E., Western Theological Seminary,1983 Margot Hoeksema 79 Wynveen, M.A., special education,Aug., 1983

Registration, DeWitt Center

9:45 a.m.

Pontier, Sept. 12, 1983 Dave and Elizabeth Decker '76 Rice, adopted Sharon

Richard and Kimberly Van Duyne '79 Skaff, Katherine Margaret, Sept. 3, 1983 Michael '78 and Jean Reynolds'79 Skelton, Elizabeth Marie, June 10, 1983 Dennis '75 and Suzanne Champagne '77 TeBeest, Anne Katharine, May 28, 1983



DeWitt Center, 8 p.m.


be available






As we celebrate anew the coming

of Christ,

we extend our

best wishes for a season filled with those deeper joys for

which we often



these be yours as

you spend

time with family and friends, in your meditation, reading

and worship, and as you receive Him anew To those

who welcome



home from





extend a special wish for a wonderful time together and a






love. To those


experienced sorrow and loss this year,


may you


renewed hope and peace as you remember the eternal love which has come to us in Christ.


' \ We

are grateful for your friendship




and appreciate all you have done this year to make Hope such a special place.

Gordon and Margaret Van Wylen December, 1983


Profile for Hope College Library

Reduced nfhc 1983 12  

Reduced nfhc 1983 12  

Recommendations could not be loaded

Recommendations could not be loaded

Recommendations could not be loaded

Recommendations could not be loaded