Townhouses, apartments promise new housing by Paul Timmer Housing problems not only plague large urban centers but also exist in the city of Holland. To combat the lack of area housing, two residential developments have been built on Holland's own "south side." One is called 40 West and the other, Meadow Lanes. MEADOW LANES (a residential park consisting of 118 "townhouses") was conceived by HAZAH (Holland and Zeeland Area Housing, Inc.), a committee of the Holland Area Chamber of Commerce. It is being built on the south side of 40th Street, across f r o m the newly completed 40 West apartment complex. The group acted to attract an influx of employable persons to the Holland area, previously curtailed by inadequate housing facilities here. Many Holland citizens opposed the city's rezoning of the land from agricultural to residential use. Mayor L. William Lamb said, "The idea of apartment-style living is somewhat new to Holland residents and many people had misgivings about i t " . THE ALMOST-FINISHED development consists of contemporary style townhouses, two-story living units. Each has its own front and rear entrance, yard, patio, and carport. They range in size from one to four bedrooms and are attached in clusters of four to eight.
When completed, it will include the 118 living units, sidewalks, paved streets, a swimming pool, street lighting and an activity center.Âť MEADOW LANES IS planned for people with low to moderate incomes. Those with annual incomes of $4,995 or below will pay a "basic r e n t " while people with higher salaries (to a maximum of $15,000) will pay a subsidized rent, adjusted to their income. Those with earnings below $4,995 who are victims of natural disasters or government displacement, those who suffer physical disabilities and the aged are qualified for rent supplement. This means they can pay even less than the basic rent price, at a rate judged equitable by the state. THE RENT PRICES for Meadow Lanes range from $129 basic, $189 market for a one-bedroom townhouse to $149, $229 for a two-bedroom, and $159, $249 for a three-bedroom, and $169, $269 for a four-bedroom unit. HAZAH, the state of Michigan, and L. and F. Seats Realty Company are all involved in Meadow Lanes. HAZAH markets and controls it. Seats Realty temporarily manages the day-to-day operations, and the state helps finance the project. Eventually, something called a limited dividend corporation will be responsible for operational management. The state and HAZAH continued
on page 2
M I R E D - I n sticky mud and plagued by high water levels below ground, HAZAH's Meadow Lanes project stands four months behind schedule. Remedying seeping basements may cost an additional $200,000.
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Hope College, Holland, Michigan 49423
November 3, 1972
Dancers to begin residency Dances We Dance, Inc., a repertory dance company comprised of Betty Jones and Fritz Ludin, will begin a four day artist-in-residence workshop tomorrow. THEIR STAY HERE will be highlighted by a Cultural Affairs Series performance Tuesday night at 8:15 in the Holland Civic Center. Dances We Dance Inc. attempts to represent the evolution of modern dance, using works of prominent choreographers. Ludin and Ms. Jones have toured together since 1964, primarily visiting educational institutions. In 1967 they performed at the famous Jacob's Pillow Dance Festival.
DANCES WE DANCE, INC., BETTY JONES AND FRITZ LUDIN
THEY HAVE served on the faculties of the Juilliard School, Connecticut College School of Dance and the Long Beach Summer School of Dance, and are presently artists in residence at the University of Hawaii. The program will commence tomorrow with the Beginning Master Class to be held from 9:30 a.m. to 11:00 a.m. in the Juliana Room in Durfee Hall. There also will be a Master Class for theater students tomorrow from 1 to 2:30 p.m. in the Juliana R o o m .
Congress takes poll
Monday the group will hold a its debut at the New York Mate lecture-demonstration and rap ses- Theater, Lincoln Center in 1964. sion in Carnegie Gymnasium at 8 He has appeared in "Missa p.m. Brevis," "The Traitor," "The ANOTHER Beginners Master Winged" and "There is a Time." Class will be held Tuesday, in Initial funds for presenting Durfee's Juliana Room, and Dances We Dance, Inc. were profourth hour a Master Class for vided by the National Endowment phys. ed. majors will be offered. for the Arts and the Michigan Ms. Jones began her dance Council for the Arts, with support training with such teachers as Ali- from Hope, the Junior Welfare cia Markova, Aubrey Hitchins and League and the Holland Arts Ted Shawn. She toured with the Council. Jose Limon Dance Company, performing his works and those of Doris Humphrey. SHE IS FAMED for her portrayal of Desdemona in Limon's "The Moor's Pavane," based on Othello. Before joining Ludin, she and Limon toured the United "A Direction tor Michigan States, South America, Mexico, Schools" will be the theme of an Europe, and the Far East, sponaddress by Michigan superintensored by the State Department. dent of public instruction Dr. Swiss born Fritz Ludin began John W. Porter Monday at 7 p.m. his career in Vienna under the in Dimnent Memorial Chapel. teaching of Rosalia Chladek. He The address will be the first in studied further at The Academic a series of lectures to be spondel Arts in Stockholm, Sweden sored by the HdpeXollege Inter-) and in Paris under Victor Csovsky. Institutional Seminar. The semlHE ALSO PERFORMED with^ - n a r is coordinated by the educathe Jose Limon Dance Company tion department with support in its Middle East tour in 1963. from the Ottawa County IntermeLudin was a member of the Amerdiate School district and the Padican Dance Theater, which made nos Educational Foundation of Holland. "The goal of the seminar is to bring to western Michigan a series of well-known educators who will provide stimulus for us as teachers, as we strive to become more effective in working with boys and girls," stated Hope eduf r o m 1 p.m. to 1 a.m. daily. cation professors Michael Vander Drinking would be allowed in Ploeg and Carl Schackow, coordidorms and cottages if approved by nators of the seminar sferies. Elementary and secondary 75 percent of the residents. Schellenberg was directed to school teachers f r o m Ottawa and attach rationale to these propo- Allegan counties have been invited sals, obtain Student Congress rati- to attend the program, which is fication, since a quorum was not open to the public. present when the proposal was Porter's speech will be on the drawn up, and then return it to eve of the general election in the CLB, which will submit it to which Michigan voters are asked the Student Conduct Committee to consider limiting property for study and recommendations. taxes for school purposes and t o In other CLB action, a propo- establish a state tax program for sal was received from the Inter- support of schools. Fraternity Council requesting a Porter, 41, became state superchange in last year's CLB ruling intendent of public instruction in requiring frats to fill their houses. October 1969. He earned his B.A. The ruling also requires that 80 degree f r o m Albion College and percent of the residents be frater- M.A. and Ph.D. degrees f r o m nity actives. Michigan State University.
Students favor increased guest hours Eighty percent of Hope students sampled favor an increase in parietal hours, according to a poll taken by the Student Congress which was submitted to the Campus Life Board at their meeting last Tuesday. THE POLL, which was distributed several weeks ago, covered the areas of parietals, the foreign language requirement, black studies, and drinking on campus. Eight hundred thirty-five students, or 40 percent of t h e student body, returned the poll. In addition t o the 80 percent favoring an increase in parietals, 15 percent opted for a decrease in total parietal hours, and five percent indicated satisfaction with
the present system or did not reply. ONE OF THE poll's questions concerned how much parietal hours should be increased. Two of the choices were 24 hour parietals or 1 p.m. to I a.m. parietals. Student Congress SecretaryTreasurer Lynn Walchenbach told the anchor the question was discarded as unfair because there was no way for a student to indicate whether he desired a reduction or no change in parietals. HOPEITES sampled also gave the nod to drinking on campus by a 21 percent margin. Fifty-nine percent of students were in favor of tipping the suds on campus, 38 percent were opposed, and three percent gave no answer.
On the subject of the foreign language requirement, 58 percent of students sampled said the requirement was unnecessary, while 41 percent felt it was a good idea. BLACK STUDIES were approved by a wide margin. Of the students sampled, 12 percent strongly disagreed that Hope should have black studies, 22 percent disagreed but not strongly, 50 percent agreed but not strongly, 11 percent strongly agreed, and five percent gave no answer. At the CLB meeting student representative Bob Schellenberg submitted a Student Congress proposal concerning increased parietals and drinking on campus. UNDER THE TERMS of the proposal, parietal hours would be
Porter to speak on Mich, schools in Chapel Mon.
November 3, 1972
Hope College anchor
New developments bring more housing to area continued from page I will still retain partial responsibility for Meadow Lanes. A LIMITED DIVIDEND arrangement is, in effect, a tax shelter for business. Under this plan, a partnership invests money from their other financial resources into a project such as Meadow Lanes. The money invested in the project is tax deductible, encouraging further investment and development of the residential site. Profits from the project, limited by the government, may be kept by the partnership. According to HAZAH's vice-president William Clay, the committee is interested in selling to a management firm under the limited dividend arrangement because it
Like to have your o w n f r o n t door? HAZAH'S Meadow Lanes c o n d o m i n i u m s offer a carport, large yard space and full basement to every tenant.
Despite austere c o m m o n hallways and c o m m o n laundry and parking facilities, there is still much r o o m for individuality and privacy at 40 West. Evidence this comfortable living-dining room setting.
I f >1111
V jr; ^» An apartment complex completed last December, 40 West is 60 percent occupied.
Judge for yourself FOR CIRCUIT JUDGE/OITONkvlLLEGAN COUNTIES COMPARE THIS RECORD OF SERVICE! Community Involvement • Past Director, Campaign Chairman and President of Greater Holland United Fund
receiving five campaign stars. Bronze Star Medal, and Presidential Unit Citation Broad, non-partisan experience in public affairs
• Past Chippewa District Chairman and Past President of Grand Valley Council, B o y Scouts of America
Practiced extensively at all levels of Michigan Court System and before many State Administrative Agencies
• President of Greater Holland Community Foundation
Member Ottawa County Board of Supervisors 1952-1962
• Trustee of Michigan United Fund
Attorney for City of Holland. Villages of Saugatuck and Douglas and Township of Saugatuck
• Former Member and Director — Holland Jaycees • M e m b e r and Director of Holland Rotary Club • A w a r d e d Silver Beaver Award by Grand Valley Council — B o y Scouts of America . . . Two-time winner of Holland J a y c e e Distinguished Service Award . Ranger s H o m e at Grand Valley Scout Reservation named in his honor • M e m b e r . Sunday School teacher and past President Board of Trustees. First United Methodist Church of Holland
Attorney for H o l l a n d School District and numerour. other Ottawa and Allegan County School Districts Past President of Michigan Municipal A t t o r n e y s Association Former Chairman of the Public Corporation Law Section of the Michigan State Bar Association. Past President Ottawa County Bar Association
Public Service and Legal Experience
Member of the A m e r i c a n Judicature Society, an organization to promote the efficient administration of justice
• World War II Service with the Intelligence and Reconnaissance Platoon. 83rd Infantry Division, in Europe,
J i m Townsend enjoys the highest classification of legal ability awarded by the Martmdale-Hubbell Law Directory.
When voting November 7th, don't forget the Non-Partisan Ballot. paid for by the Townsend for Circuit Judge Committee. Donald Ihrman. Treasurer.
has no full-time personnel to oversee routine housing maintenance. The Holtzman and Silverman Company nearly bought the development recently, but the price did not satisfy HAZAH. "if HAZAH had agreed to the bid price an underwater sprinkling system and various aesthetic improvements would have been sacrificed," Clay stated. ASIDE FROM SELLING difficulties, other problems face Meadow Lanes, it was originally scheduled to be completed July 1. Now, only nine units are ready for occupancy. Clay hopes the entire project will be finished by the end of November. The weather has been the biggest hindrance to completion. The precipitation level has been unusually high for Holland this year, resulting in high ground water and flooded basements. All of the basement perimeters will have to be fitted with drainage tiles, an alteration which already has been made on the nine finished units. AFTER MEADOW LANES is finished and sold, HAZAH will concentrate on renovating old houses in Holland. The group hopes that the new housing will not only bring in new residents but that some of those living in substandard housing here will become townhouse dwellers. The group seeks houses that need repair but are basically sound. Presently, HAZAH owns four houses. In the face of all the problems which have c o n f r o n t e d Meadow Lanes, Clay denied that it was a mistake to undertake the project. " T h e housing will be there and that is important. We have learned a few things and it's going to work o u t , " he declared. " T o o many people live in substandard housing and something is finally being done about it," he added. THE CONSTRUCTION OF federallyfunded 40 West began the same week as Meadow Lanes. The two-story apartments were completed Dec. 31 by the Clemens Construction Company of Kalamazoo. It is now 60 percent occupied. The price of a one bedroom apartment varies f r o m a $121 basic price to a $180 market price (as compared to $129-$ 189 rent for the townhouses in Meadow Lanes. Two and three bedroom apartments are priced slightly lower than two and three bedroom townhouses. The same principles of rent subsidy and supplement apply to 40 West, making it possible for virtually anyone in need to find a place to live. UNLIKE MEADOW Lanes, utilities at 40 West are included in the rent. The c o m m o n basement holds the washer-dryers for each of the five buildings. Critics of 40 West decry its lack of playground facilities but there is much open space and woods in which children can play. Five businessmen from Kalamazoo, owners of the apartments, are limited to six percent profit which is turned back into the project for unforeseen costs. Anything above that goes back to the federal government. Forty West is operated by the Federal Management Co.
Socialist Labor Party candidate here tonight James Sim, the Socialist Labor Party candidate for Michigan's U. S. Senate seat, will speak tonight at 7 p.m. in Wichers auditorium. The speech, sponsored by the Emersonian fraternity, is open to the public. Born in Scotland, Sim is a retired factory worker and has been a member of the Socialist Labor Party since the 1930s. He is married and has t w o children, and is presently on the national executive committee of the SLP. National candidates of the SLP are Louis Fisher for President and Genevieve Gunderson for Vice President. The party was organized in 1876 and gained its present scientific basis in 1890. The SLP stance on Vietnam charges that the capitalist economy of the United States drives the government to conquer foreign markets, and that an end to the war will not end the exploitation of labor which causes it. According to the SLP, poverty is caused by capitalism which exploits the masses to make a profit. The party claims racism is beneficial to capitalists because it splits the working class into blacks and whites. The socialist goal is a classless society with collectively owned industries, and a Socialist Industrial Union government elected by the workers in each industry. This
administration would become the government, and production of industry will be carried on for the people's wants, not private profit. To reach this goal, the SLP intends to use three facets of capitalistic society to its advantage. Industrial machinery will remain, and the existing workers organization would become a united Socialist Industrial Union. Also, our democratic heritage, which guarantees change by will of the majority, will be used to initiate change.
November 3 , 1 9 7 2
Hope College anchor
Hope grad defends abortion Every fertilized ovum does not have a right to life, a social worker from Grand Rapids told a group of students last Monday in a pro-abortion lecture.
DAVID DE VRIES, a 1953 Hope graduate, said he intended to present the facts about abortion and give his own reasons for supporting abortion reform. However, De Vries said, 4tIf you think because a fetus is conceived, it has an absolute right to life, then you should vote against Proposal B" (the abortion referendum on the Nov. 7 ballot). He C
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d w a c l e r s in the ffeshman play, "Peler Pan,"
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Challenge Hope's best
Britishers to debate here "The British are coming, the British are coming!" BEFORE YOU start manning a signal in the chapel tower, you should know that Paul Revere is none other than M. Harold Mikle, director of Hope's forensic pro-' gram, announcing next Wednesday's international debate. The evening's entertainment will feature two young men from Oxford University in England paired with two of Hope's star debaters to discuss the resolution "That it is not the role of the student to change the world." The debate will be held parliamentary style, which means the audience is invited and encouraged to join in the discussion. Mikle commented, "The more participation, the better the debate, and in this case the more fun
Joe MacDoniels elected trustee of alma mater Dr. Joseph MacDoniels, assistant professor of communication, has been elected to the board of trustees of Culver-Stockton College, Canton, Mo. MacDoniels joined the Hope staff this fall. He received a bachelor's degree from Culver-Stockton in 1963.
since British debate is characterized by humor." THE BRITISHERS, Peter A. Haywood and Julian Priestley, 22, hold degrees in politics, philosophy, and economics. Haywood is a past officer of the Oxford Union, where he gained his experience in debate. In addition, he has participated in the Observer Mace competition, the English NDT. Haywood is also a member of the Labor Club and the Edmund Burke Society. Priestley is a past president of the Oxford Union and also has participated in the Observer Mace contest. His extracurricular activities include the Fabian Society, the National Students for a United Europe, and the Drama Society. DEBATING FOR Hope will be juniors Joan Lautenschleger and Paul Bach. Ms. Lautenschleger is active in Hope's forensic program and was Michigan Women's Extemporaneous Speaking champion last year. Bach has earned a reputation on campus as an excellent speaker and debater. Ms. Lautenschleger and Priestley will be the affirmative team, while Bach and Haywood will support the negative. PRIESTLEY and Haywood will appear in several classes Wednesday to speak on a variety of topics. They are sponsored jointly
by the Cultural Affairs Committee and Hope's chapter of Pi Kappa Delta, national honorary forensics fraternity. The debate will be held at 7:30 p.m. Wednesday in the DeWitt Cultural Center theater. There is no admission charge.
BACH, MS. LAUTENSCHLEGER
Evangelism today by Bob Van Voorst The Christian faith proclaims itself. It is a proclamation-centered faith, a message-centered faith which passes along to others the good news it has heard and believed. This process the church calls "evangelism," the spreading of the Good News of redemption and sanctification in Christ. THIS WEEK'S COLUMN will examine a recent development in the way modern man looks at the Good News and the process of evangelism. Hopefully such an inquiry can awaken us to the problems and possibilities of evangelism in our time. Perhaps the chief problem in evangelism today is a distortion of the meaning of the Good News by modem existentialist theologians. Most well-known of this school is the late German scholar of the New Testament, Rudolf Bultmann. Bultmann's call to "demythologize" the Gospel has been given wide attention in the Christian academic world. What exactly is "demythologizing?" BULTMANN'S ANSWER to this question has been popularized by Professor John Macquarrie of Oxford University. He writes in his absorbing book. The Scope of Demythologizing, that, "demythologizing calls for the translation of the New Testament teaching into statements concerning human existence." In other words, Bultmann would have us remove all notions of transcendance and supernaturalism from the New Testament and replace them with notions that are derived from our human experience. This denial of the supernatural, at least in the terms which we as conservative Protestants conceive of it, leads us to the question, "What does the existentialist school offer to redeem man from the evils of this world?" IT IS AT THIS point, I believe, that the existentialist interpretation of the Christian message is a radical departure from Biblical faith. The faith of both Roman Catholicism and conservative Protestantism holds with St. John that the Word of God took human flesh and offered His blood for the
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redemption of believers. This is the Biblical Good News. Now the existentialist interpretation of the Good News says this: "When one experiences atonement . . . one then recognizes Christ as the Word of God." This is a 180 degree turn-about from the message of the Biblical Good News, for the latter contends that atonement cannot precede, but rather is brought about by, an act of faith in the Person of Christ; "Now faith comes by hearing, and hearing by the word of God." MACQUARRIE ACKNOWLEDGES that this existentialist interpretation of the Gospel is a radical departure from the historic Christian faith. In a remarkably frank passage he states,
*I WOULD FIND it extremely difficult to make a decision for abortion in my own family," De Vries said, because of his conservative, Calvinist background. Liberalization of abortion laws would be beneficial to society, he claimed, because children would be wanted, the number of deformed and out-of-wedlock babies would be reduced, and the population crisis would be alleviated. DE VRIES, who was born and grew up in India, mentioned an Indian practice of starving one child during famine in order to have enough food to keep another alive. He prefers abortion as an alternative. "Presently abortion is the only sure backup to contraceptive failure," De Vries stated. He also challenged antiabortion, right-to-life people to adopt deformed and unwanted children, rather than attempt to prevent abortion reform. "I work every day with children who are not wanted," he said, "and they are becoming more and more costly to the state." ONE REASON HE favors abortion reform, De Vries asserted, is because the present Michigan law is prejudicial toward the poor, many of whom are black. In the last three years, all women who died of illegal abortions in the state were black, De Vries said, because they could not afford out-of-state abortions. He cited spontaneous abortions at conception and during early pregnancy as evidence that not every fetus has a right to life. "I don't believe interrupting the pregnancy before the 12th week is taking a life that has a right to live," De Vries stated. PROPOSAL B IS significant, he said, because it forces no woman to have an abortion and no doctor to perform one. Also, it provides medical safeguards by regulating the conditions under which abortions may be performed. Michigan's abortion referendum would allow abortions until the 20th week of pregnancy, "even though everyone is saying the eighth to the 12th week is safest," De Vries indicated, for
the sake of young women, nursing mothers, and women undergoing menopause, who often do not suspect pregnancy early enough. MANY DEFECTS in the child usually cannot be detected before the 12th week, either, he noted. However, " n o doctor, no nurse likes to perform an abortion after the 12th week because the humanity of the fetus is much more evident and because the mental anguish of the mother is greater," he said. When asked about contraceptive education and distribution as an alternative to abortion, De Vries said that many of the forces opposing abortion reform also oppose contraceptive education. "The Catholic Church, for example, is putting the most money into opposition to Proposal B," he remarked. He concluded with his suspicions that abortion is only "an interim measure: within five years, we will probably have a year-long pill, and abortion will be needed less."
Hope orchestra to give concert Thurs. in DCC The Hope College orchestra and men's choir will combine talents in a concert next Thursday at 8:15 p.m. in the auditorium of the DeWitt Cultural Center. The first full orchestra concert on campus this year will feature "Brahm's Rhapsody," and will be performed with the men's choir and contralto soloist Vicki Granzow. Under the direction of Dr. Robert Ritsema, associate professor of music, the orchestra will also perform "Overture" by Lalo, "Masks" by Ronald LoPresti, and "Capriccio Espanol" by RimskyKorsakov. For the first time in this year's concert the orchestra will be situated on the thrust stage. The men's chorus is under the direction of Mr. Roger Rietberg, associate professor of music.
Alumni House residents move into new cottage Contrary to popular opinion, the college is not painting the town green. What is being painted green is the newly renovated cottage across from the Science Building. This summer, Hope bought the cottage at 123 East 10th Street. Six students who had been living in the Alumni House, due to overcrowding of on-campus living quarters at the beginning of the year, moved in around Oct. 14, according to Business Manager Barry Werkman. Besides exterior facelifting, electrical and plumbing repairs have been made inside the house to make it suitable for occupancy.
The cottage was purchased for $16,000, Werkman said. The former owner rented it to students, and many people thought that it was college property, he added. With this purchase, only four buildings remain unowned by the college on the block of 10th Street between Columbia and College Avenues. The cottage has not been named, Werkman indicated. Renovation is expected to be completed in two weeks. Eventually the building will house from 10 to 12 students but Werkman said that the present residents will remain for the rest of the year.
"It seems as if the Christian faith as handed down by the Church is to be dissolved into a philosophy of existence in which one will no longer need to speak of Christ and His work at all, but only of possible ways of being or modes of existence between which men are summoned to decide." In sum, the existentialist's Good News is trapped in a no-man's land between the historic, supernatural Gospel and a naturalism which has no use for the word "God," much less for a faith in a supernatural God. Biblical evangelism does not seek to model the encounter of God and man on the human understanding of the encounter of man with man. Rather, Biblical evangelism seeks to deepen its understanding of God and man, using the power of God's revelation to capture the hearts and minds of men. All those who spread the Word must train themselves to recognize and repudiate all feigned "Gospels" which are built on presuppositions foreign to the Biblical witness. As this happens, the ministries of Christ's people will be rid of the darkness of the word of man and the light of the Word of God will shine on a new day of Christian witness.
Newly refurbished cottage at 123 E. 10th St. now houses six students formerly lodged in the Alumni House due to overcrowded dormitories.
Hope College anchor
On abortion reform For the majority of middle class Michigan citizens, abortion has always been an embarrassment: they would prefer that the issue, like abortions themselves, remain clandestine. Now that is an impossibility, of course: the Michigan ballot and several recent court decisions within the state have succeeded in bringing abortion before the public eye. This is fortunate but not only because abortion reform has been long overdue. Hopefully, the debate engendered over the issue will have forced the average citizen to
anchor editorial reconsider his values and the meaning of terms such as "right to life" and "quality of life." Hopefully, current discussion of abortion will have convinced some persons concerned with life to adopt unwanted children. More importantly in terms of immediate results, however, the abortion debate hopefully will have convinced a majority of Michigan voters to vote no on Proposal B. We urge the defeat of the abortion referendum not out of a reactionary impulse, but after careful consideration of both sides and the conclusion that some abortion reform is needed. Michigan's present abortion statute allows abortions only to save the life of the mother; Proposal B would allow abortions on demand up to 20 weeks of pregnancy. Neither is acceptable. There are cases where abortions are necessary: cases of rape, incest, extremely young mothers, and extreme poverty coupled with an already overlarge family, for example. In such cases, a woman should not be forced to
bear the child or to resort in desperation t o a dangerous, illegal abortion. However, abortion on demand is not the answer. The question of when life begins cannot be solved, and dividing lines can never be anything but arbitrary. For this reason, the motives of a woman seeking an abortion are extremely important. Abortion to save the life of the mother is undeniably legitimate, but abortion for the convenience of the mother is not. Pro-abortionists cite several reasons for making abortions available to all Michigan women on demand up to 20 weeks. Sweeping abortion reform will supposedly eliminate all unwanted children, they say, and when all children are wanted, no children will be abused. However, most battered children result from wanted pregnancies. The question which must be asked is whether acceptance by parents is a criteria for one's right to life. The argument most often cited for abortion reform is that it provides an alternative for young, unmarried women, who through contraceptive failure or simply the failure to use contraceptives, have become pregnant. Granted, these women need the concern and help of the rest of society. Because of the potential moral and societal repercussions, however, abortion on demand should not be a viable alternative for these women. It is not our intention to moralize from a pristine pedestal, nor are we anti-sex or male chauvinistic. We understand, perhaps better than many pro-abortionists can, the factors which could lead a person to seek an abortion. Yet the basic issue involves more than simply terminating an unanticipated or undesirable pregnancy; the basic issue is one of freedom and responsibility, and a real caution about tampering with human life.
Holmes' self-defense It is with a deep sense of regret that I write this letter. Unfortunately, last week's letter by Al Vanderbush (anchor, Oct. 27) put me in the position of either acquiescing by silence or risking escalating an unwanted confrontation with a person I will continue t o respect no matter what he says about me. I have tried to acquiesce in matters related to my personality, but simply cannot acquiesce in matters related to issues and live with myself.
dear editor The major conclusions in my letter (anchor, Oct. 13) were that the Democratic party had either bungled us into wars or been dishonest in using a peace theme for the elections of 1916, 1940, and 1964; that Sen. McGovern had supported the Vietnam war in various ways; and that Sen. McGovern's "Remember October 9 " slogan should be evaluated with reference to his record and that of his party. I am more inclined to believe the Democratic Party exploited the desire of the American people for peace than that its leaders bungled us into wars. This history of deception, as revealed by my study of history, is what caused me to write the letter. If the McGovern people wish, I will debate these conclusions and the accuracy of any statements in my letter with any member of the Hope community for any reasonable length of time. Alternatively, 1 would rather be positive and defend the proposition that President Nixon has done and will do more to advance world peace than could Sen. McGovern or than has any Democratic administration since the end of World War II. A debate would enable us to probe the complex considerations of foreign policy in a way which cannot be done in any letter. However, a debate also could inflame last ftiinute political passions and my willingness is not t o be interpreted as anxiety. I view my political positions and support of the President not as a deviation from, but rather as a result of my scholarly activity. For the last decade my primary field of study has been international relations. Like many other scholars, I have taken post-graduate work, served in a government position related to my field of study, and had a few years of teaching experience. Unlike the vast majority of political scientists and historians, these experiences have led me to have a conservative view of
political matters. I have reached different conclusions than have most of my colleagues. My students often differ with my interpretations. Such differences are what free inquiry is all about and I would hope we benefit from each other. The interpretation of Christianity raised in Mrs. Lehman's letter of Oct. 13 also needs to be addressed. Certainly Christians should have a militant concern for their fellow men. A Christian can act on his concern by arguing that the President's policy in Vietnam is (or was) wrong and vote for Sen. McGovern. A Christian also can view the undeniable peaceful results of President Nixon's Christian-induced preoccupation with global policy and express Christian concern by voting for the President. I simply do not believe one can judge a community's Christianity by its vote in this Presidential election. Next Tuesday I will vote for President Richard Nixon on the basis of my scholarly conclusions and my Christian concern. Many other Christians and many other scholars are going to vote for Sen. George McGovern. I respect their scholarship and their interpretation of Christianity, and I hope they respect mine, and that we can grow together in the years ahead. Jack Holmes
Devastation Somehow there was no joy in my heart when Kissinger broke the silence. There was no celebration in my mind as the word spread of peace in Vietnam. Instead I felt cold, lost, in a state of mourning. Now I look towards a devastated Indochina. I picture the economic aid flowing in. The guilt payment for six million victims. I see the concrete and asphalt pavements weaving through the jungles;. the high rise-low rent housing being built on the horizons; signs of industry puke their raunch and filth on the already dead landscape. Christian missionaries flocking to free the souls of the majority who live in the squalor of poverty and sickness. The cars and coca-cola billboards establish themselves as the mark of a rise in the middleclass elitists. The imported schooling systems creating an equal opportunity for an ignorant marginal group of mass consumption addicts for the American Dream Machine. I guess "It takes a lot to laugh, it takes a train to cry." (Bob Dylan) Richard Williams
November 3 , 1 9 7 2
anchor fairy tale
Gnnn'mq of America Editor's note: Art Buchwald's column will not appear in the anchor this week; instead, we are publishing the following political satire by freshman Peggy (Chicki) Miller. As I sat in a Chinese restaurant a few weeks ago, I happened to notice a somber little man over in the corner, his eyes looking as though they were probably at one time shifty and beady, but instead of shifty they were now simply sleepy, and the only beady aspect of this man was the pink tassled worry beads with which he toyed attentively. I GUESS I WOULDNT have noticed him so much except for one thing. The waiter came to my table to take my order, and as I said "Just an egg roll," the little man snapped his beads, screamed, and cried incessantly. Feeling some responsibility, I walked over to the man to inquire as to his problem. "The White House," he sobbed. I simply grinned, "You're not alone." "No, no!!" he exlaimed, and continued to explain that he used to be an important man at the White House-head custodianand my mention of the "egg roll" simply brought back many memories of Easter on the White House lawn. MY CURIOSITY was burning about equally as fierce as the egg roll sauce by now, and 1 wondered why he was no longer a part of the staff. "Quite simple," the little guy replied. "People urged Mr. Nixon to take an active role in cleaning up the filth and corruption of the nation. Mr. Nixon is an avid believer in the philosophy that "Cleanliness begins at home," so, that's where he started. I can't understand why everyone claims he's accomplished nothing. Why, he's done such a great job in keeping the nation immaculate-just look at Tricia-and he's even started a good job of completely whitewashing the White House. (It stands so gleaming and pretty in the sunlight)" BY THIS TIME he had only succeeded in arousing my curiosity, and I begged that he take me to the home of the President, so I could look around. He readily consented. As we entered through the back door, my attention was immediately drawn to some words scrawled on a wall: "Cleanliness is next to godliness-RMN: '68 to ?" My little friend grinned- "I guess that was the first priority when he took over my job; anything to keep up the image."
THE KITCHEN WAS a quaint little place, and once again my eyes were drawn to the wall, upon which was a small wall hanging, inscribed with the words "THOSE WHO HAVE HAD A CHANCE FOR FOUR YEARS AND COULD NOT PRODUCE PIECE SHOULD NOT BE GIVEN ANOTHER C H A N C E - R M N - O c t o b e r 8, 1968" Puzzled, 1 stated, "That sounds a lot like a speech by Mr. Nixon, but PEACE is spelled wrong and the date is one day early." THE LITTLE MAN shook his head. "No, this is the predecessor. Mr. Nixon was considering firing Mrs. Annabelle Prewitt, who was part of the household baking staff. She had worked for him for four years, and could not cut a pie straight. So, one of his advisors embroidered these words as a warning from the boss. Mr. Nixon thought the words had a bit of a ring to them, and referred to them o f t e n . " I also noticed a very worn patch on the rug near the wall where the tapestry hung. "What's that?" I questioned. Grinning again, my friend replied, "Mr. Nixon always stands by his words." IN THE LAUNDRY room, I noticed rows and rows of Haines men's stockings hanging up to dry. But, these socks were quite worn, some dotted with holes. I assumed that they were Mr. Nixon's because of the presidential seal painted on the heels. "Can't he afford new ones?" I asked. The ex-janitor replied, <4Oh, that's not the problem. It's just that Mr. Nixon believes in getting his Haines-worth!" Through a semi-open door nearby, I heard a commotion-shouting and pleading voices, followed by a firm "NO!" THE LITTLE FRIEND looked as though he understood, and noticing my perplexed expression, explained, "That's not rare here. Mr. Nixon and those people have hassled each other every day since '68. You see, they are a group of VW drivers, and they are requesting that Mr. Nixon send a delegation to Germany where they manufacture the cars and introduce a new innovation they've come up with for the rear interior, which will save a lot of money." "What's the problem?" I queried. Closing his eyes in an exasperated gesture, he replied, "It seems Mr. Nixon refuses to take a 4 back seat' to any second power country, no matter what the cost."
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Published during the college year except vacation, holiday and examination periods by and for the students of Hope College, Holland, Michigan, under the authority of the Student Communications Media Committee. Subscription price: $7 per year. Printed by the Composing Room, Grand Rapids, Michigan. Member, Associated Collegiate Press, United States Student Press Association. Office located on ground floor of Graves Hall. Telephone 392-5111, Extension 2301 and 2285. The opinions on this page arc not necessarily those of the student body, faculty or administration of Hope College. Editor Associate Editor
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November 3 , 1 9 7 2
Hope College anchor
Hope players capture spirit of Gay's 'Opera' Editor's note: This week's anchor critique is written by Dr. Peter Schackel, associate professor of English. He reviews the theater department's production of John Gay's The Beggar's Opera, which opened last Thursday. Final performances will be tonight and tomorrow night at 8 in the theater of the DeWitt Cultural Center. A 20th century audience could not expect to appreciate the aspects of John Gay's The Beggar's Opera which gave the greatest pleasure to its 18th century audience. The satire on Prime Minister Sir Robert Walpole, the 18th century counterpart to Major Daley, who could deliver a majority in the House of Commons on any given vote, is lost to us. THE ALLUSION to Walpole, in Peachum's opening song, as "the Statesman [who] because he's so great,/ Thinks his trade as honest as mine" cannot carry for us the immediate emotional impact it had for Gay's contemporaries. Similarly we miss one of the delightful effects of the music.
For most of the songs in the Opera, Gay wrote new, often very different, lyrics to old street ballads, which were familiar to everyone. Thus, while the 18th century audience was hearing Polly sing these words, O what pain it is to part! Can I leave thee, can 1 leave thee? 0 what pain it is to part! Can thy Polly ever leave thee? other words, the more usual ones for that tune, were running through their heads: Gin thou wer't my own thing 1 wou'd love thee I wou'd love thee Gin thou wer't my own thing So dearly I wou'd love thee. FINALLY, their delight in Gay's ridicule of the foreign, incomprehensible, unnatural creation called the Italian Opera cannot even be understood in today's more cosmopolitan society. But the Opera has transcended these topical limitations and has seen a long series of delightful revivals. The Hope College theater production, with final showings
tonight and tomorrow night at the DeWitt Cultural Center, is the most recent. Director John Tammi has captured the lightness and irreverence basic to the play; as the audience enters, the cast is chatting and laughing on the stage and begins dancing during the overture. THE COMIC TONE is maintained nicely in the scenes which ridicule romantic love literature as when the Peachums discover Polly's secret marriage to Macheath, and in scenes of farce and slapstick, where Peachum stumbles through a fistfight with Lockit and Macheath struts among his prostitutes singing, Before the barn-door crowing. The cock by hens attended. His eyes around him throwing. Stands for a while suspended. Then one he singles from the crew, And cheers the happy hen; With how do you do, and how do you do, And how do you do again. The costumes are beautifully designed by Richard Smith and enhance the bawdry that sets much of the tone for the play, from Filch's early number "Tis woman that seduces all mankind," to Macheath's concluding "Each calls for her charms, to provoke his desires:/ Though willing to all, with but one he retires." THE OPERA'S catchy and lively music is rendered very well by the orchestra, conducted by Robert Ritsema. The rollicking, charming performance of this tale of love and looting deals so broadly with human foibles and frailties that any audience, at any time must respond to it. But the Opera has another level, one that should appeal to a 20th century audience as well as an 18th century one. Gay in-
campaign 7 2
Coming home, gently by Peter Brown Next Tuesday the American people will choose the next President of the United States. As was noted in last week's anchor ("I like McGovern because. . . " ) the country will not evolve into fascism if President Nixon is re-elected nor socialism if McGovern is elected. ALTHOUGH THIS IS a safe hypothesis, it is misleading, for between fascism and socialism there is a wide spectrum in which to operate. To reject this is to blindly conclude that the difference between Sen. Goldwater and Sen. Morse or between Sen. Buckley and Sen. Muskie is negligible. Perhaps though, when speaking absolutely or on long range objectives, the difference between the Senators may very well be trivial. Thus while President Nixon and George McGovern may be relatively similar in their long range goals, they are extremely different in their approaches. IN ACTUALITY the one crucial area where there is a significant difference between McGovern and the President is in foreign policy. Neither is going to drastically alter the constitutional structure or drastically change the domestic situation, for both have to deal with a conservative Congress. It is my contention regarding domestic policies that it is not going to matter to any large extent who is elected. If one doubts this contention, he need only look at Nixon's welfare program (which was written by a liberal). The proposal was destroyed by conservative congressmen who control Congress quite effectively, due to their seniority. DUE TO THIS overwhelming conservative coalition, I believe that neither candidate will be able to institute any major domestic reform. The most important domestic objective is to work with Congress in pursuing moderate reform and not alienating them in seeking drastic change. Change is needed and it will come, but it will come through and not around Congress. From understanding how the system works domestically, a pragmatic realist like the President may often accomplish more than an aloof idealist such as McGovern. WHEN TURNING one's focal point to foreign policy, the situation is innately different. In this area there is much more presidential independence from Congress. Here, too is a major difference between McGovern and President Nixon. It has been argued that McGovern, if elected, would select a man of Kissinger's ability, if not
Kissinger himself, to help direct the course of American foreign policy. In analyzing this naive contention, one finds a striking difference between the two global strategies. MCGOVERN SEES AMERICA as too involved internationally. Witness his slogan, ''Come home, America." He wants to cut 30 billion more dollars off the defense budget and concentrate on domestic needs. These are honorable and appealing recommendations, but they do have serious implications. McGovern's proposals come at a time when American foreign policy is molding itself to the changing conditions of the 70's. McGovern's attitude is nothing new. In 1968 before Kissinger was appointed he wrote that "the American mood oscillates dangerously between being ashamed of power and expecting too much of it. The former attitude deprecates the use or possession of force; the latter is overtly receptive to the possibilities of absolute action and overtly indifferent to the likely consequences. "THE DANGER OF A rejection of power is that it may result in a nihilistic perfectionism which disdains the gradual and seeks to destroy what does not conform to its notion of Utopia. These essentially psychological problems cannot be overemphasized." The world functions in a complex framework. To deny this would evoke disagreement from even the most liberal of foreign policy analysts. McGovern, though, is trying to ignore America's role in the world and change it swiftly and decisively. Kissinger's apolitical analysis warns against embarking on such a course. Kissinger has long understood the complexity of the world and our involvement in it. PRESIDENT NIXON with the invaluable help of Henry Kissinger has made an impressive start toward providing America with a workable framework for foreign policy. Spending has been drastically shifted from defense to human needs without adversely affecting the world order. McGovern's simplicity in dealing with foreign policy appeals to the idealistic mind, but the world is real and the world structure is complex. Next week out of respect for Nixon's foreign policy, and fear of McGovern, I will vote for Nixon. The country will not evolve into socialism if McGovern is elected, but McGovern may seriously alter the balance of powefV^McGovern, therefore, does not threaten the system, he threatens the peace.
eluded a broad social satire that is as relevant today as in his day. With Watergates, tax evasion, and vote frauds regularly in the news. Jemmy Twicher's line, "Why are the laws levell'd at us? are we more dishonest than the rest of mankind?" still carries its original impact. BECAUSE this verbal satire requires that the play be delivered to the audience as clearly as possible, I regret the decision to attempt the play in cockney accents. The accent was mastered by only a few characters and was inconsistent-some characters were cockney in dialogue but not in songs, while other accents were closer to southern drawls than lower class English.
ence, adequate cockney accent, and good singing voice. Carroll Lehman's portrayal of Peachum was well acted and wellsung, though his accent was more elderly than cockney and difficult to understand. Vicki Weidman played Polly with just the exaggerated romanticism the role required though her voice was not strong enough to make her difficult songs carry well. Phyllis Acocella was a convincingly pathetic Lucy, but was easier t o understand when singing than when speaking.
Those who really handled the cockney well (Brad Williams as Lockit and Margaret Rose as Diana Trapes) only emphasized the inadequacy of the others. Where characters did not attempt an accent (David Bast as Macheath and Vicki Weidman as Polly), it was not missed. Beyond the inconsistency and inadequacy, the accent unfortunately interfered with the audience's understanding of lines which were important to the plot, to humor, and to satire. TO MISS PEACHUM'S line "A handsome wench in our way ol business is as profitable as at the bar of a coffee-house, who looks upon it as her livelihood to grant every liberty but o n e " is to miss not only humor and satire but the reason why Peachum is so disturbed about Polly's marriage-she will no longer be useful to him, and her husband will be a threat to Peachum's freedom. Unclear articulation of the songs also detracted from satire that is as pungent and meaningful as when Gay wrote it. The point of the following song, for example, was lost on much of the audience: A fox may steal your hens, sir. A whore your health and pence, sir,. . . A thief your goods and plate. But this is all but picking;. . It ever was decreed, sir. If lawyer's hand is fee'd, sir, He steals your whole estate. Fortunately, one of the best lines in the play was Lockit's, and no one should have missed Gay's point that "Of all animals of prey, man is the only sociable one." BRAD WILLIAMS' brilliant portrayal of the boorish Lockit was nearly matched by David Bast's suave, swaggering Macheath. Both gave us acting at its best-where every gesture, movement, and expression counts toward portrayal of the character. Both enunciated clearly and expressively and were able to meet the vocal demands of their roles as well as the spoken. Gene Marie Callahan was very good as Mrs. Peachum, with a fine stage pres-
SPECIAL PRAISE should go to the imaginative and unusual stage design created by Richard Smith. It was functional in keeping the action moving and diversified, as players could swing or slide down to the stage or climb to circle above it; and it was beautiful in its own right, particularly as lighting changed colors behind it. The highest praise for a Shakespearean production must be reserved for one which does not require that the audience has read the play recently in order to follow the dialogue. The highest praise must be withheld from this production of The Beggar's Opera on that ground. But it is an enjoyable evening's entertainment. Read it and see it.
November 3 , 1 9 7 2
Hope College anchor
Nixon's campaign dodges fundamental issues Editor's note: This week's anchor political essay is written by Dr. Robert Elder, assistant professor of political science. He assesses presidential contender George McGovern's platform and contrasts both candidates' campaign statements. As I sit down to write this essay I feel very tired. I am tired of all the self-righteous arguments by party partisans a b o u t either the immorality of one or the naivete of the o t h e r m a j o r candidate. The great American tradition of politics has done it again (or is it an aspect of our human condition?). We have n o t really talked about the issues. SUCH ISSUES as have surfaced, including reduced property taxes and busing, are p e t t y and peripheral, t h e sorts of things that could only become issues in a society where the majority live in affluence. We have successfully averted a c o n f r o n t a t i o n w i t h more f u n d a m e n t a l issues although this time it has been slightly more difficult because one of t h e major parties by mistake nominated a man who was not a perfectly finished product of our political and social system. He started out his campaign by asking, 4 t Come Home America." The coming h o m e he envisioned was to a sense of the basis for our country's uniqueness and greatness. He asked that we rediscover the reason for the respect in which the U.S. had always been held by peoples all over the world (1 did not say governments, I said peoples) and the reasons why this respect is flagging today. OUR MYTHOLOGY has always held that we are a land of equal o p p o r t u n i t y for all men. Caste-like structures do n o t exist. If a man works hard he will have little to hold him back. It was
patently obvious to this man (as it should be t o us all) that equal o p p o r t u n i t y only can exist for one generation. There is no equality of o p p o r t u n i t y when half of the people at t h e starting blocks in t h e race are less-fed, lessclothed, and less-educated than the rest. One early recommendation made by this candidate was that we raise our inheritance taxes to the point where the children of the rich and t h e children of the poor actually d o have somewhat the same sort of opportunities at the beginning of their race. The extra money f r o m inheritance taxes, he argued, could be utilized to strengthen our educational systems and health programs and begin t o rebuild our cities. THIS CANDIDATE was also concerned about the unfairness in the distribution of the tax burden in America. He argued that those who have reaped the greatest benefits f r o m t h e system and who, because of the quantities of their benefits, have the most to protect should pay the highest taxes. He opposed sales and property taxes, as well as the value-added tax touted by his o p p o n e n t because all of these taxes tended to favor the rich over and against the poor by requiring all t o share the tax burden equally despite great inequities in personal resources. A SECOND aspect in the present system of tax allocations concerned this man. Why is it, he asked, that a man who works with his hands is assessed higher taxes today than a man who might inherit money and simply invest it without ever doing any work. Why not, he argued, c o m e h o m e t o one of the values that gave America its original a p p e a l - j u s t compensation for a hard day's work. A graduated income tax and taxes on previously tax-exempt
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investments would restore the idea of working f o r what we earned to at least some parity with the idea of r e t u r n given for no work invested (investment in tax exempt bonds). ESCALATING corporate profits and the proliferation of large corporate conglomerates also disturbed this candidate. He had been taught that this was a free enterprise system where a man who exercised his "Yankee ingen u i t y " could f o r m a business, sustain a livelihood, and become
his own man. The corporate state that he encountered in 1968 allowed none of this. Increasingly large conglomerate companies compete^ f o r and manipulated markets that were all but closed to Johnny-come-postWorld-War-II-latelies. Rugged entrepreneurs had been replaced by managers w h o call themselves businessmen b u t take few of the risks of their nineteenth century predecessors and are themselves manipulated by the needs of the organizations which they serve. WHY SHOULD IT be, he argued, that these conglomerates are given tax break upon tax break? It must be obvious just f r o m their mushrooming size despite their protestation of tight years and low profits that America has treated them well in the extreme. It is equally obvious that the disappearance of small farms and the eclipse of small business is the price we have paid for these conglomerates' prosperity. He suggested that corporate tax loopholes should be closed and added attention paid to our understanding such things as the corporate definition of profit. (Profit for a large corporation is that which remains after dividends, salaries, employee bonuses, expense accounts and new capital investments-new factories or m a c h i n e s - h a v e taken place.) LOW PROFITS, he argued, do not mean that an industry is at death's door. When corporation profit in the auto industry has approached 10 percent in certain quarters of 1972 and a man earning $12,000 will have a seven percent raise swallowed up by increased social security benefits and inflation in that same year's time, something terribly inequitable is happening. Taxes must be made to fall more heavily on the corporations and less heavily on the man w h o earns $ 1 5 , 0 0 0 and below. In a world which regards national sovereignty as paramount and who can hit whom the hardest as the indicators of "first as opposed to second rate power status,"
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this candidate suggested that such priorities were improper. On the contrary, concern for one's fellow man and s i n c e r e - a n d at times perhaps u n i l a t e r a l - e f f o r t s toward peace are the proper way to proceed in the area of foreign affairs. A F T E R ALL, he argued, are we not one nation under a God whom Christians say sent an "Only S o n " w h o rejected "an eye for an eye and a tooth for a t o o t h " and told us to love our enemies and give c o m f o r t to those who would act spitefully towards us? He advocated that our country should extend economic rather than military aid to foreign lands. He encouraged giving such grants through the U.N. wherever possible. It seemed strange to him that of $110 billion spent " h e l p i n g " the people of Vietnam, only five billion was in the form of economic aid, the remainder having taken the form of bullets, bayonets, and b o m b s (we can be alliterative, too), THIS CANDIDATE also seemed to be aware of the fact that we live in a global village where we will soon have t o live together in peace whether we want to or not. He suggested that cutbacks in defense not precisely matched by cutbacks by our opponents might be a necessary beginning if a world of peace and a reordering of our own c o u n t r y ' s priorities was ever to come about. Yes, we did have one candidate who made it considerably more difficult for us to dodge fundamental i s s u e s . . . at least it looked that way at the start. WHAT YOU HAVE to d o in American politics to escape a confrontation on basic issues is to come up with some good cliches. Several of this man's devoted colleagues developed a few during the primaries and by the campaign's official beginning, the opposition had a good list to work with. Radical was one of the most devastating. In America, radical calls up certain evil connotations in regard to which there is no need to elaborate. Naive and idealistic and isolationist were three more. In a male chauvinist consciousness II culture, only women are permitted the first two traits. We must be realistic which, it may be assumed, means accepting, working with, and rarely questioning the basic propriety of what is. (Marcuse would call this passive tolerance but the opposition calls it realism and it has now successfully branded its o p p o n e n t as naive and idealistic.) AS FOR HIS isolationist propensities I see the same tendency on the part of international rela-
tions people to criticize George McGovern as I see in sociologists to criticize Banfield's (The Unheavenly City) indictment of former approaches t o handling the problems of the cities. McGovern is traveling on new ground. He threatens vested intellectual interests. He may be an isolationist relative to the last ten years of American history. He is not an isolationist relative to any other period in American history. George McGovern is a citizen of the world rather than of the United States of America. Maybe we need more of t h e m . However, forgive my last digression. Let me continue my story. REALIZING belatedly that few people were interested in discussing basic issues, this candidate during the last 12 weeks has been developing cliches of his own. Centering on the questionable morality of the man in the Presidency, the key words in his cliches are Watergate, sabotage, and big grain dealers. But even in his selection of cliches this man proved that he lay basically outside the mold of the great majority of Americans. MOST AMERICANS have never been particularly concerned about basic questions of right and wrong, least of all where politicians are concerned. We are not a country of Platonists and most notably our only indigenous philosophy has been pragmatism which asks the question, does it or does it not work? As the Republican sabotage efforts seemed t o have worked, there was no question as t o the fact that it must have been right. This man had lost even the battle of cliches. I G R E A T L Y F E A R that on Nov. 7 a majority of Americans will vote for Richard Nixon as President of the United States. I will not be part of that majority because I am in basic agreement with my candidate's orientations both in domestic and foreign policy. We do have a choice. McGovern's positions categorized earlier in this article are antithetical to what Richard Nixon has stood for during the greater portion of his political life. I urge you all to wade through catchwords and c o n f r o n t fundamental issues which might have been raised and discussed but were in fact successfully eclipsed in this election. IT IS A NEAR certainty that if the Nixon mandate is more than 10 percent all of the orientations discussed earlier in this paper will be set back 10 years. Current predictions rate the president's lead nearer 25 percent. If you support George McGovern's positions, " c o m e h o m e " and cast your vote for him.
GLCA reps, discuss formation of East Asian
Hope students in the near future will be lectured on East Asian culture by a smiling face in a video tape projector, if a federal grant to f u n d a Great Lakes Colleges Association East Asian Studies Center is approved.
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Representatives of the GLCA met at Kalamazoo College last Friday t o discuss the formation of the Center. Representing Hope at the meeting were Assistant Professor of History G. Larry Penrose, Assistant Professor of Religion Sang H. Lee, and Professor of Political Science Renze L. Hoeksema. According to Penrose, each college's representatives brought ideas a b o u t how they thought the center could benefit their respective colleges. A basic outline for the center is necessary before the GLCA can apply for a federal grant t o f u n d it, he said. Suggestions f o r t h e center were a videotaped lecture series on East Asian culture which would be available t o each college, a Chinese or Japanese expert who would be on t h e center's staff who could spend parts of the year at each college, and faculty study programs in East Asia. T h e center would be located at Oberlin and Earlham Colleges. Oberlin is noted f o r its Chinese Studies program, and Earlham for its Japanese studies.
November 3 , 1 9 7 2
Hope College anchor
Negotiated peace: a discussion of some factors Editor's note: The following discussion of the recent Vietnam peace negotiations is written by Professor of Political Science Renze Hoeksema. Hoeksema served as head of the State Department's pacification operation in Vietnam f r o m 1966 to 1968. There are, it seems to the writer, a few new factors involved in the current peace negotiations vis-a-vis Vietnam. One is that President Nixon has visited the Peoples Republic of China (PRC) and presumably obtained some sort of an agreement to get China's cooperation not to escalate and possibly continue the war in Vietnam. SECONDLY, PRESIDENT Nixon has visited the Soviet Union (USSR) and presumably obtained the same commitment from the Soviet leaders. Thirdly, it must be clear to the Peoples Republic of China, the Soviet Union, and the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV) that President Nixon will be the President of the United States after January 1973. These could be construed as partisan statements but they are not meant to be. The United States blockade and mining of DRV harbors is a new factor but will only be looked at in terms of China's and the Soviet's response. A fifth new factor is the intensive bombing of the DRV in combination with the blockade, preventing rapid resupply and recuperation. THIS LAST FACTOR will not be considered except to say that World War 11 studies in Europe indicated at least a year and onehalf continual bombing was necessary to have a serious negative affect on civilian morale. Certainly the bombing in Vietnam was not effective in cutting off the delivery of supplies to North Vietnamese troops in South Vietnam, when supplies were entering North Vietnam from China and the Soviet Union. What is the basis for the thought that an agreement has been reached with the PRC and the USSR not to escalate the war in Vietnam even after the blockade of the DRV? Neither the USSR nor the PRC have attempted to break through the blockade and the mines sowed in North Vietnamese harbors. Only about two airplanes per week deliver military supplies to North Vietnam from the Soviet Union, which is no increase and probably
Women's music frat to sponsor Musicale Nov. 11 Delta Omicron, Hope's music fraternity for women, will sponsor an installation Musicale Saturday, Nov. 11, at 7:30 p.m. in Wichers Auditorium. The Musicale will mark the formal installation of Hope's chapter of Delta Omicron.
DR. RENZE HOEKSEMA a decrease in supplying the North Vietnamese by air since the institution of the blockade. ALTHOUGH IT IS harder to determine the extent of overland supply to North Vietnam from the PRC, it appears there has been no increase after the blockade was established. Indeed Chou En-Lai as late as this month spoke of cordiality toward the United States but stated that neither he nor Communist Party Chairman Mao Tse-tung, who is studying English, are planning American visits. Slogans issued for the Nov. 7 anniversary of the Bolshevik Revolution in the USSR, though calling as usual for an end to America's "barbaric war in IndoChina" omitted any mention of United States bombing the DRV. Last May Day, the slogan on this issue had appealed to all peoples to demand that the United States "cease bombing and shelling the territory of the DRV." THE DIPLOMATS OF the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, China, and the Soviet Union read the polls which indicate that President Nixon will be in office for another term. The writer is not saying that he should be in office but the polls, all polls, even Senator McGovern's, say he will be. Thus the Foreign Service Officer of any country wishing to deal with the President of the United States will ask himself, "Can I get a better deal for my country before the election or after the election, when the President will not have to face the voters again for four years?" It would seem that the answer will be that the best time to deal with President Nixon is prior to the election. This is believed t o be the reason the Vietcong insist on signing the agreement on October 31, 1972. One of the factors listed was President Nixon's trip to the People's Republic of China in February 1972. THERE ARE OTHER factors that are also becoming increasingly relevant to the need for an early peace. China has made it clear that the Soviet Union is her enemy number one and that she
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wants to have better relations with the United States, including an exchange of visitors, scientists, etc. This is made abundantly clear in a PRC National Day editorial of Oct. 1, 1972 and the Oct. 3, 1972 speech at the United Nations by Chiao Kuan-hua, leader of the Chinese delegation. An overall trade accord is expected with the Soviet Union within a matter of weeks. This will include settlement of maritime problems and the lend lease issue ($500 million as a settlement for some $ 11 billion in lend-lease assistance) which has bedeviled US/USSR relations since World War II. Very probably long term credits permitting the USSR to buy in the U.S. will be granted. IN VIEW OF these fruitful developments, supporting two rather unruly client states. North and South Vietnam, doesn't make much sense for either the U.S. or the U.S.S.R. The United States has also, belatedly perhaps, recognized that bombing North Viet nam is bombing the best existing potential deterrant to Chinese expansion into Southeast Asia. Thus, it is believed that several new factors are present that were not present one year, two years, four years, or five years ago. Are the plans for peace now different? Could the same peace terms have been accepted, because they were offered, a year ago, or four years ago? There are many shadings of peace statements; thus it is very difficult to determine at any one point, without inside secret information and a detailed charting of every statement, to determine exactly where one stands. Much depends on interpretation of words, statements, and attitudes.
HOWEVER, for our purposes let us consider the official "Text of the Vietcong Peace Proposal" which appeared in the New York Times on July 2, 1971 and a comparison of "U.S. and Vietcong Plans for Peace" in the July 16, 1971, New York Times. All of the current, October 1972, Hanoi/US terms are probably not yet on the table. To date, the United States has only confirmed what Hanoi revealed. Thus we can only look at what is on the table in October 1972 and compare it with Hanoi's position in July 1971. The turning point in the five years of negotiations came when Hanoi on Oct. 8, 1972 agreed to a U.S. proposal to permit a cease fire first and then let the South Vietnamese and the Vietcong determine a political accord later. The previous Vietcong position was that a cease fire would be carried out after agreement on withdrawal of forces is reached and other issues were revealed. ON THE WITHDRAWAL of troops, Hanoi and the United States agreed in October 1972 that "Within 60 days of signing, all U.S. and Allied foreign troops were to be withdrawn from South Vietnam." In July 1971 Hanoi said, "Regarding the deadline for the total withdrawal of U.S. forces: The U.S. Government must put an end to its war of aggression in Vietnam, stop the policy of 'Vietnamization' of the war, withdraw from South Vietnam all troops, military personnel, weapons, and war materials of the United States and of other foreign countries in the U.S. camp, and dismantle all U.S. bases in South Vietnam, without posing any condition whatsoever."
Hanoi is not as demanding in October 1972 as she was in July 1971. "Vietnamization" is not mentioned, nor is the withdrawal of all weapons and war material. In July 1971 the Vietcong position was that the government of Nguyen Van Thieu was to be replaced. The Vietcong stated they would only negotiate with the post-Thieu government. IN OCTOBER 1972 Hanoi stated that following the ceasefire, both Saigon and the Vietcong governments will remain in being and negotiate together on elections for a new government and on disposition and reduction of troops. Both governments will do their utmost to reach agreement within three months of the cease fire. In July 1971 the Vietcong insisted that general elections be held under a provisional government framed t o North Vietnam's specifications. To conclude, it is believed that many new factors have been brought to bear on bringing peace to Vietnam that did not exist before. Chief of these probably is that the three great powers want peace. Differences in wording and even in the tone of the position statements are also not to be underestimated. In international relations, diplomats negotiate for months over the wording of a phrase; the shift in positions of the Vietcong and the United States are not minor. THE ROAD TO PEACE is not all clear ahead but members of both United States political parties, if not agreeing on all details, can hope and pray that a cease fire, then reconciliation, and finally cooperation will be achieved in Vietnam.
Abortion: some propositions The abortion question is one of the most difficult items on this year's ballot. I believe there are many who feel themselves pulled both ways on it. Since nearly three years ago, when I served on a commission studying this question in connection with legislation then proposed, I have thought carefully about it. Let me offer these propositions. 1. IT IS POSSIBLE to be in favor of abortion reform and yet against Proposal B. 2. Both sides ought to be ashamed of themselves for the irrational approaches they have taken to persuade the electorate. What could have been wholesome public debate on an issue of deep significance has too often degenerated into extremism, emotionalism, and name-calling-on both sides. (I give here a general impression; I'm not referring specifically to any of the presentations on campus.) Perhaps the pro-abortion side is more easily to be excused for this ugly behavior, since many of them do not claim to be approaching this as a matter of morality anyhow, but of hedonism or pragmatism. 3. IT IS POSSIBLE to be against abortion (to believe it is sometimes, perhaps often, wrong) and yet favor abortion law reform, believing either (a) existing law is unjust or (b) it is not the province of the state to legislate private morality. 4. Existing law is unjust because it discriminates against the poor and the uninformed, subjecting them to one or more of the following: exorbitant medical and associated expense they cannot afford, increased child-rearing expense they can no better afford, increased mortality risk through illegal abortion. 5. WHETHER ABORTION is a matter of "private morality" depends chiefly on whether the unborn child is a separate person with rights that deserve state protection. While scientific facts are needed in order to answer this question, (At what stage is a fetus identifiably human? At what stage of development can it survive removal from the womb? Is it,
before birth, a part of the mother or does it have a separate identity, genetic or otherwise?), the question is, finally, a philosophical or theological one. 6. Even apart from the question of the child's separate identity, the claim that anyone (man or woman) has the right to absolute control over his own body is not only unscriptural (I Cor. 6:19, 7:4; however, these principles might apply to Christian men and women only) but also destructive of the web of mutual interresponsibilities that makes up a society. Two examples: the responsibility to one another of lovers (whether married or not); the responsibility of parents for the proper care of the children they already have. (I hear the same people saying that a woman has control of her own body, and that having more than two children is immoral. Isn't that a contradiction?) Incidentally, I find the words "right" and "control" both annoying and somewhat suspicious when used insistently in a first person context. 7. REFORM OF abortion law ought to include the guarantee
that anti-abortion hospitals (e.g. Catholic) will not be forced by the courts, in their status as public institutions, to perform abortions. Anti-abortion physicians should be guaranteed similar freedom of conscience-that refusing the operation will not jeopardize their right to practice medicine. The proposed legislation, I am informed, leaves all this to be decided by subsequent legislation. 8. If abortions are performed as late as the fifth month, inevitably there will be cases that only by arbitrary definition can be distinguished from infanticide-a practice which (I hope) civilization left behind long ago. 9. IN DOUBTFUL questions, it is preferable to err (if err we must) on the side of respect for and preservation of life. 10. Proposal B should be defeated, and the legislature forced to consider, and finally enact, abortion reform that corrects present injustices without opening the door to new ones. The choice offered us is, obviously, difficult. But these are my theses, and I'll be happy to discuss them. Charles A. Huttar
Abortion and ecology In approaching the abortion question few people seem to consider the perspective of environmental implications. The unfortunate facts of the matter seem to be that American children have a very great potential for killing the earth. An American child will probably consume 25 times the amount of non-renewable resources as a child b o m in India. With increases coming in the world population, earth has very little need for more Americans. We pollute and consume too much that the rest of the world needs. 1 Industrial nations presently consume resources at an exponentially increasing rate, whether recycling or not. In a hundred years or so we will be out of many resources which are essential to
industrial growth, and indirectly essential to agricultural production. The standard of living will plummet, there will be little in the way of jobs or food, and mass death will ensue from starvation and lack of sufficient medical care. Can this be avoided? Yes, if we, as a nation, reduce our rate of consumption. Decreasing the population through abortion is one way of doing this. This is more a call to awareness than it is to a pro-abortion stance. But if you oppose abortion know this: the implication of unaborted children is that they will help seal earth's doom quicker and with less chance of escape. Martin Wessendorf
Hope College anchor
November 3 , 1 9 7 2
Hope hooters capture first MIAA championship by Merlin Whiteman If you heard some honking and shouting about eight o'clock Wednesday evening, it was the new MIAA soccer champs returning to Hope. The Dutch hooters defeated Kalamazoo 4-1 in the first tournament game to clinch their first outright soccer title. By defeating Calvin last Friday, Hope had only to win one of their next two games to take the conference. ON THE TUESDAY prior to the Calvin game, Hope was defeated by Central Michigan. The final 2-1 score indicated the Dutch were looking ahead, they thought they had this one in the bag, they played on a sloppy field, and two Central Michigan faculty members officiated the game. Also, Central's team was not too bad for a team on a club basis. While the win over Kalamazoo gave Hope the league championship, the really big event was beating Calvin last Friday. After the game, the team acted as if they had won the championship then. HOPE APPEARED tight and nervous at the start of the game.
The Dutch had control at first, but Calvin's aggressiveness took it away immediately. Prior to the first score, both teams had several opportunities. Calvin's shots were mostly high of the goal, and Hope once had a loose ball in front of the net. Calvin got a break when Hope committed a deliberate foul within their own penalty area. Calvin's best player, Jim Johnson, took the penalty kick. Hope goalie Bob Luidens guessed the wrong way, giving Calvin the lead with 11:43 elapsed. MARK VAN VOORST was responsible for tieing the game. After taking a pass from senior co-captain Dave Phillips, Van Voorst sneaked the ball past the Knights' goalie into the right corner of the net. Hope quickly scored the winning goal in the second half. Abdul al-Mawlawi's comer kick with 1:49 expired in the second half sailed into a throng of Calvin and Dutch players. Glenn Swier headed the ball into the goal past a surprised Calvin goalie. This unexpected goal seemed to shake Calvin up.
... s^-'cr^L Hope forward looks to a loose ball and the goal in the Kalamazoo game that brought the MIAA championship home for the Dutch. THE REST OF the game was marked by the ability of the Dutch defense to get the ball away from their goal. The long clearing boots of Tom Grundvig were largely responsible for Hope's excellent defense. Another instrumental player was Mike Sashenowski. In the middle of the field, the
play of PhiUips and Rich Lopez often detained Calvin before the defensemen had a shot at them. Goalie Bob Luidens, with 15 saves, also played an excellent game. COACH GENE Brown attributed the victory to several factors. "We seemed to pass and control the ball better than they did, and
Flying Dutchmen first in MIAA by Dick Bloemendaal An intrepid defensive unit dug in while a sophomore wingback sparkled, as Hope attained a hardearned 14-12 victory over the third-ranked NAIA Scots of Alma College last Saturday. THE SCOTS' loss, their first in 10 contests, dropped them into second place in the MIAA, tied with the Adrian Bulldogs. Both sport identical 3-1 records in the MIAA. Hope can clinch its first outright MIAA title claim in 19 years tomorrow when the Flying Dutchmen meet Adrian in its final league contest. SOPHOMORE wingback Gary Constant snared two second half
touchdown passes from soph quarterback Bob Carlson, and led the Dutchmen to a 5-1-1 season record and the top in the torrid MIAA title chase. Another stellar performance by tailback Bob Lamer moved him into the 1,000-yard bracket, with 1,053 total yards for the season. Lamer ground out 101 yards against an Alma defensive line keying on the star running back. The Hope defense, led by end Ted Albrecht, linebacker Gerrit Crandall, and freshman middle guard Dave Yeiter, limited Alma to 91 yards rushing. The usually porous Hope secondary shut off Alma quarterback Jerry Wasen, as the Scot signal-caller completed only eight aerials in 24 attempts.
AS BOTH TEAMS were getting adjusted, the Dutchmen moved to their own 29 late in the first period, when the Scots' Keith Wilson intercepted a Carlson pass on the 42. A pass interference call moved Alma to the Hope 23, and five plays later quarterback Wasen shot over right tackle from the 3 for a 6-0 Alma lead. Freshman Craig Van Tuinen held onto his starting defensive tackle slot, as Coach Ray Smith elected to start the rookie over Ron Posthuma. The move paid off, and the big lineman set up Hope's first touchdown when he recovered an Alma fumble on the first play of the second half on the Scot 29-yard line.
WITH THE CROWD on its feet, Wasen completed a conversion pass to end Jeff Kane to apparently tie the game, but a Hope defender came from nowhere and stopped Kane one yard from the goal line, making the score 14-12. Alma had possession three more times, but errors stymied the Scots as Van Tuinen blocked a punt and Dave Johnson and Doug Smith stole passes to fire the Hope defensive unit.
The spirit of the Great Pumpkin nearly produced a victory for the determined women's field hockey team last Monday, Halloween Eve. Given two chances against seasoned JV and varsity teams al Kalamazoo, the young Dutch women lost a heartbreaker in the JV game, while the varsity rallied for a come-from-behind tie. Despite being down 2-0 at half time, the JV's never gave up. Midway through the last half, sophomore left inner Kris Musco banged home a rebound. Although they continually threatened, the Dutch could not put the ball in the cage, and the contest ended 2-1. The varsity game proved to be an intense, defensive battle. The Homets were thwarted on numer-
ous scoring opportunities in the first half, as the Hope forward line tried to find the range. At the half the score resembled another recent Hope-Kazoo encounter,
With 19 minutes gone in the final half, a breakaway put Kalamazoo ahead. The Dutch were not to be denied, however, as junior Sharon Sutphen, playing her first game at right wing, let fly with a drive that neatly caught the edge of the goal cage with only a few minutes left. The score remained 1-1 until the conclusion of the contest. Concluding their season the â€˘arsity team journeys to Olivet tomorrow to test Michigan State's junior varsity and Olivet, hoping to improve on their 0-4-2 record.
Hope's debaters take top honors at WMU tourney Hope's debate squaa captured top honors in the Western Michigan University homecoming debate tournament last Saturday. Hope was the only undefeated ^eam, winning all six of its debates on the proposition, "Resolved: That the Federal Government Should Provide a Program of Comprehensive Medical Care for all United States Citizens." The affirmative team of Kris Brundige, and Mike Cooper, and the negative squad of Rudy Broekhuis, and Geraldine Tensen, each defeated a team from Ferris State College and two teams from host Western Michigan.
Harriers' defeat Alma; stand second in league
Dutch defense stops an Alma drive in the mud-soaked game won by Hope, 14-12.
Field hockey team still winless; varsity ties K
AS THE SCOT defense keyed on tailback Lamer, who entered the game as the nation's second leading small college rusher, Carlson hit co-captain Dave Johnson with an 18-yard gainer and cracked the Alma wall for seven yards on two rushes. Carlson then connected with Constant out in the flat and the 160-pounder streaked into the right side end zone for the touchdown. Freshman tailback Bob Miller, kicking his first college extra points, sent the pigskin through the uprights for a 7-6 Hope lead. HOPE MARCHED 79 yards late in the third quarter on 14 plays and climaxed the drive with a second Carlson to Constant touchdown pass on a crucial fourth down situation. Miller's second kick split the goalposts perfectly to up the Hope lead to a 14-6 advantage. Hope forced Alma to punt on the next series, but quickly lost possession when Lamer fumbled the ball on his own 10. Three plays later Wasen connected with end Ric Johnson from the 7.
made much better comer kicks. Also, after their first score, our fullbacks began to move up and beat them to the ball." Hope left leading scorer Mark Van Voorst home in bed with pneumonia when they traveled to Kalamazoo Wednesday for a somewhat anticlimactic game. However, don't believe they did not celebrate after the victory. They did. THE DUTCH got on the scoreboard first when freshman John Bedell took an assist pass trom al-Mawlawi into the nets with 8:59 gone in the game. Kazoo tied the game up 20 minutes later on a penalty kick. Swier scored what proved to be the winning goal 10 minutes before the half ended. No assist was recorded on the score. Hope scored once more in the first half, this coming on a goal by Phillips. Lopez was credited with the assist. THE ONLY SCORE of the second half went to Bedell. His second goal of the game nudged the cords with 30:06 elapsed in the latter stanza. John White made the assist pass. Calvin defeated Albion 2-1 in the first game Wednesday. This means Hope will play Calvin tomorrow at 1:30 p.m. on the neutral Albion field. In a game slated for 10 a.m., Albion squares off against Kalamazoo.
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The cross-country team gained sole possession of second place in the MIAA seasonal standings by virtue of their 22-36 victory over the visiting Alma Scots last Saturday at Winding Creek golf course. TOMORROW the harriers conclude their season at Adrian against a team that stands 0-5 in the conference. If Hope beats Kalamazoo College in the league meet Wednesday at Calvin, they will end up in a tie for first place with the Hornets. Alma's Clair Kreger set a course record in winning the fivemile run at Winding Creek. His run of 25:04.1 broke the previous record of 25.43 held by Hope's Stuart Scholl. HOPE WON five of the first seven places to capture team honors. Phil Ceeley crossed the finish line first for Hope in a time of 25:46, good enough for second place. Scholl took third in 25:51.
Following Scholl were Glen Powers, Brian Claxton, and Randy Lawrence in fourth, sixth and seventh places respectively. One sour note comes from the long distance camp. Defending MIAA champ Greg Daniels will not run Wednesday in the season ending meet. The effects of a summer accident still preclude him from regaining his form. AN INTRAMURAL fraternity meet was held after the collegiate meet Saturday. Of the three fraternity teams entered, the Arkies placed first in the two and a half mile event, followed by the Cosmos and the Emmies. Individual winner of the meet was Arkie Gordon VanderSlice with time of 15:21. Bob Korstange (C) was second. Arkie John Koeppe edged out teammate Don Wickstra by one second to take third; Ric Hine of the Cosmos was fifth.