| OPE COLLEGE
Hope College, Holland, Michigan 49423
Festivities planned 9
Wen; Era I
The inauguration of Dr. Gordon J. Van Wylen as well as a full schedule of traditional homecoming events will attract a number of distinguished guests, alumni and parents to the campus next ii/ppU VAN WYLEN WAS elected Hope's ninth president last January by the Board of Trustees. He assumed his duties July 1. CONGRESSMAN LES ASPIN (D-Wis.) prepares to answer questions a t ' The academic procession at Democratic luncheon during last Friday's Campaign '72 Symposium. Friday's ceremonies will include Sen. Peter Dominick (R-Colo.) addressed the Republicans. representatives from more than 150 colleges, universities and
Faculty reactions sought
Structure revision studied Disenchantment with the establishment seems to have affected even Hope College. AS A RESULT of criticisms from many quarters that Hope's board and committee governance system is unwieldy, a special 4< committee on committees" was formed last spring in order to review the structure. "What we are involved in now is kind of an exploratory thing," said committee chairman Lambert Ponstein, professor of religion. The group is presently collecting material from faculty members in order to achieve a sense of direction in its task. IT IS ALSO waiting with bated breath for President Gordon Van Wylen to become acclimated to the college, student representative
Ron Posthuma reported. Last spring the Administrative Affairs Board, after mulling over the structure issue for several weeks, decided to turn it over to Van Wylen this fall. When interviewed by the anchor in May, Van Wylen's initial response to this announcement was one of surprise: the AdAB had neglected to inform the president of its decision. ONCE AWARE OF his duties, however, Van Wylen wasted little time in recommending that the college conduct a major study of structure revision during the spring. Meanwhile, Ponstein's committee is to evaluate the present structure and prepare the way for a more definitive study next spring.
Classical-jazz guitarist Byrd to perform Wed. Guitar virtuoso Charlie Byrd and his renowned quartet will perform in concert Wednesday at 8 p.m. in the theater of the DeWitt Cultural Center. Byrd will offer the audience musical fare ranging from classical to jazz to contemporary. Although he is equally comfortable in any of these idioms, Byrd originally played only jazz and was a familiar figure on the New York jazz scene.
This is the guitarist's second visit to Hope in as many years. His concert is sponsored by the Student Activities Committee, and tickets may be purchased in advance for $ 1 at the Student Activities Office. Admission at the door will be $ 1.50.
He is credited with originating the Bossa Nova craze of the early '60's with his 1962 recording "Jazz Samba." Byrd has recorded over 40 albums and has contributed to more than 24 others.
Take heed Today is the last day to register for the Nov. 14 Presidential election. The City Clerk's office, on the second floor of the City Hall, will stay open until 8 p.m. for those who have not yet registered.
ANCHORED INSIDE Rider defines liberal education . . . page 2 Duffy gets okay Hope for Earth plans ecology survey . . Rise of the underground press Candidates' characters probed Quaaludes: a real down
Ponstein emphasized that although the committee is currently soliciting responses from faculty members regarding the strengths or weaknesses of the system, "this doesn't mean that individual students should not feel free to contribute, also." "MEMBERS OF the Academic Affairs Board, for example, are in an especially good position to know what goes on - how the system operates," he said. Posthuma indicated that the Student Congress has done nothing this year in the area of structure review, but that the issue will probably be brought up soon for consideration at a Congress meeting. WHEN THE COMMITTEE on committees has received sufficient input, it will meet to discuss the material, Ponstein said, "and see if we can come to any sort of agreement." Should the group reach a concensus, it will make recommendations to the AdAB, which is empowered to take action on the issue.
learned societies from across the country as well as representatives of the Reformed Church in America, members of the Student Congress and other student organizations, the college faculty and Alumni Association officers. Admission to the ceremony, which will begin at 2:30 p.m., will be by ticket only. THE INAUGURAL ceremony coincides with the college's annual homecoming weekend. General chairman of the event is Dr. John Hollenbach, professor of English. Activities begin Thursday at 8:15 p.m. in Dimnent Memorial Chapel when Dr. John W. Snyder, executive vice chancellor of the University of California at Santa Barbara, will address a convocation on the topic "Christian Education in a Post-Christian World." The convocation will be open to the public. The Chapel Choir will perform under the direction of Dr. Robert Cavanaugh, professor of music, a brass choir will be directed by Robert Cecil, associate professor of music, and the organist will be Roger Rietberg, associate professor of music. Immediately after the ceremony a reception will be held for inaugural guests at the DeWitt Cultural Center. In recognition of the inauguration, the theme for the 107th annual Homecoming will be "The New Era " HOMECOMING this year will include more than the football game and crowning of a Homecoming queen and court. Among the activities will be a faculty auction and the "first annual Kletz concert in the Kletz" by the concert and stage band, featuring a guest conductor competition with faculty contestants. The Student Activities Committee will sponsor a lawn float competition open to all residence
October 6, 1972
Thursday halls and cottages. The floats will be judged by faculty members for reflection of the "New E r a " theme, originality, creativity, and workmanship qualities. HOMECOMING events will begin Friday with the faculty auction at noon sponsored by the Alpha Phi Omega service fraternity during a picnic in the Pine grove. Friday at 7 p.m. a bonfire and pep rally will be held at Van Raalte Field in preparation for Saturday's football game against the Olivet Comets. Friday evening's 8:15 Kletz concert will feature John Jackson, director of student activities, on trombone. Competing in the conducting contest will be three faculty members: Nona Kipp, associate dean of students; Dr. Robert Coughenour, associate professor of religion; and John Tammi, assistant professor of theater. FROM 9 A.M. to noon Saturday alumni registration will be held in the Kletz. At 2:15 Hope will play Olivet at Riverview Park. During half-time ceremonies the queen and her court will be presented. Winners of the float contest and the sorority-fraternity scholastic trophy for the spring semester will be announced, and the college band will perform. FOLLOWING the game will be an open house at all residence halls and a reception for Mortar Board alumni at Voorhees Hall. A Homecoming Buffet will be served in Phelps Hall from 4:30-7:30 p.m. at a cost of $2.50 for nonboarders. The final Homecoming event will be a dance in the DCC ballroom from 8-12 p.m. Performing will be "The System" featuring Sonney Holley, formerly of "Junior Walker and the All-Stars" fame.
Recruitment begun late
Black enrollment decreases Despite several recruitment efforts aimed specifically toward black students, enrollment of black freshmen is down this fall, admissions director Tom LaBaugh has revealed. He also indicated that Chicano enrollments have increased. SIXTEEN black freshmen enrolled this semester, as compared to 20 in 1970 and 28 in 1969, although the number of Chicano freshmen is eight times what it was in '69. There are eight new Mexican-Americans at Hope this year, whereas only one enrolled three years ago. According to LaBaugh, recruitment makes the difference. Last year's program was not entirely successful, he said, because of timing problems. A special blackoriented brochure, compiled by some black Hopeites, did not appear until April. "ALSO, WE didn't do a lot of minority recruiting until January or February, which in some quarters is late," LaBaugh stated. He cited other problems his office faced once it launched its recruitment drive. "Many students on the other side of the state haven't even heard of Grand Rapids, let alone Holland," he said. "Black students tend to be sceptical of Hope College at first." COST AND finances pose another obstacle. Michigan's minority students tend to shun Hope in favor of the more generous state
schools which offer many minorAs of today, this is something ities a free ride. the admissions staff lacks. Al"Then, too, we have to get though the college had employed students who are academically a black, Charlie McCorvey, as a prepared to come here," LaBaugh full-time recruiter who would said, "since we have no remedial spend several days visiting preprogram geared for minorities." dominantly black schools, LaTHE ADMISSIONS director Baugh revealed that McCorvey readded that black students usually signed Monday to take a betterare not interested in Hope's Sum- paying job. mer Trial Program, since it would WITH HIS departure, the admean giving up a summer job. missions office will probably reLaBaugh is emphatic on one sort to its previous practice of point: "If we don't make a special sending a black student with a effort to look for black students recruiter to schools with a large when we recruit, then we won't black population. Last year stuget any response from them. With dent Rudy Howard did some part Chicanos it's a similar story." time recruiting of this sort. HE MENTIONED one of his Since Chicano recruiter Burke own experiences to illustrate. is also no longer on the admissions When visiting Holland's West Otta- staff, LaBaugh indicated somewa High School last year, La- thing similar might be done to Baugh said, he saw no Chicanos. It interest Mexican-American stuwas not until he visited the school dents in Hope. again with Hector Burke, a ChiHOPE'S MINORITY recruitcano recruiter employed last year ment efforts are restricted to by the college, that LaBaugh was Michigan and the Chicago area, able to talk to any Spanish stu- with concentration on Muskegon, dents. Benton Harbor, Grand Rapids, "Union High School in Grand and Detroit. The reason for this, Rapids is another example. If we LaBaugh indicated, is that stusend a regular recruiter to that dents from these areas will o f t e n school, which is half black, he qualify for Michigan Tuition won't even see any black stuGrants. dents," LaBaugh remarked. Yet despite this in-state conWHAT IS NEEDED, he said, is centration, applications were resomeone who can relate to these ceived from black students in students and give them the infor- Pennsylvania, New York, Washingmation they want about what it is ton, D.C., Texas, Alabama, Indilike to be a minority student at ana, Illinois, and Ethiopia as well Hope. as Michigan.
Hope College anchor
October 6, I f 7 2
anchor essay /
A personal look at Hope's educational philosophy Editor's note: The following is a personal statement on Hope's educational philosophy as seen by Dean for Academic Affairs Morrette Rider. Frequently uniqueness in an educational institution is characterized by an overwhelming emphasis on a specific educational program, an unusual professional or preprofessional major, or some unorthodox system of grading, granting credits, or process of administration. The uniqueness of Hope College is not as apparent to the casual observer as any of the aforementioned ideas, but it exists with a clarity of purpose and a demonstrable measure of success apparent to all who know the institution. THE CORE of our philosophy exists in the feeling of community which is the college. This community immediately involves the students, faculty, and administration, but also extends, with only slightly decreased emphasis, to the trustees of the college and to our alumni. Liberal education within the Christian tradition provides a focus for this community and supports the belief that this community aims at a sustained disciplined inquiry in an atmosphere of freedom with a goal that moves towards informed critical understanding of human existence and activity. The educational program seeks to create an appreciative awareness of human achievements: intellectual, social, and artistic. It seeks to evaluate conceptions of human existence and to provide those intellectual skills both professional and general that will prepare the student for his responsibilities as an informed citizen.
Greek program director to talk with students Ms. Katherine Kipreos, director of "Study in Greece" will visit Hope next Sunday through Tuesday to talk to interested students and the International Education Committee concerning her program. "Study in Greece" combines academic work at Pierce College in Athens with field placement and non-academic group work in small Greek communities. This year, two Hopeites are studying in Greece Robin Burgess and Donald Larsen. During previous work with Hope, Ms. Kipreos served on the Council on International Educational Exchange for eight years.
critical scrutiny and judgment events and actions in terms of values derived from a framework of belief and meaning. It is our purpose to transform men and their perceptions through the medium of human learning. The church aims to transform men through the medium of transcendence above and beyond the human, but Hope College, through its church relationship, transforms the power of learning itself in the service of an even higher power. While the learning of skills, the acquaintance with facts, and the various other specific goals of education are important, the Hope student is challenged to seek deeper meanings, values, and goals in order to provide a firm basis for his philosophy of life in the belief that our prime purpose is to seek
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IN OUR INTENT to assist each individual student to become what he is capable of becoming, we speak to a diversity of approaches in education, treating the individual according to his own abilities, interests, attitudes and beliefs. It is not our purpose to design a human product, nor to force the student into a predetermined intellectual mold. It is our task to produce the free individual whose fully developed attitudes, abilities, and beliefs will contribute most fully and with the most value to a democratic society. The multiplication of individual strengths, the joining together of diverse opinions, leads to mutual fulfillment. The community that is Hope College exists in many tangible ways. For example, our committee and board structure which assigns administrators, students, and faculty to key responsible decisionmaking roles in almost every area of the college planning and operation. IN LESS tangible but perhaps even more important ways, the community exists in a manner which enables each student to retain his uniqueness, a uniqueness that must not be lost to any system, government, or institution if it is to contribute its full measure of worth to the individual and his society. It is our belief that a God-given talent is a capability to be used for the benefit of the world and cannot be brought to maturity in a setting insulated from other conceptions, other attitudes, and other beliefs. Hope College is a place to provide knowledge and skills, and through them develop abilities, attitudes, and beliefs whereby the individual brings with greater understanding and sympathy all that he can contribute to the greater good of his society while retaining his unique ability and making his unique contribution. WHILE SECULAR education must accept current mores, the church-relatedness of Hope provides a freedom to bring under
Numbering our days by Bob Van Voorst
P E O P L E
Teach us to number our days, so that we may apply our hearts to wisdom (Psalm 90:12).
realizes that he has never truly lived; and he rallies his deepest, most profound abilities in beginning to give meaning to his existence even as it ends. Is there a life before death? - seen on a THE CONTEMPLATION of death compels the Belfast wall by a London Times reporter, individual to search for meaning for his existence. 1971 Karl Jaspers states this simply when he says, "Only when life has been shaken by the thought of death The surest thing that can be said about man is has existence awakened." This expresses in a somethat he is finite. He is a creature that will someday what secular sense what the Psalmist expressed as a die and never again return to the land of the living. divine prerogative when he prayed, "Teach us to Although death is constantly in us and around us, number our days, so that we may apply our hearts the task of living continues. Thinking men and to wisdom." women have always wondered about the implicaParadoxically, the Christian hope of resurrection tions that the spectre of death has on the conduct and eternal life contradicts the notion of radical of life. Following this quest, we will consider here finitude held by most secular existentialists, yet also the question, "How can a realization of the certainclaims to enable the individual to live meaningfully ty of one's own death be used to heighten the in the here and now. Such a bold affirmation is quality of life?" rooted in two considerations. FIRST, THE BELIEVER does not receive this OLD TESTAMENT MAN had a powerful sense enabling power offered by hope while ignoring the of the stark reality of death. Job said, "Man born of power of death. Rather, the power of resurrection woman is short-lived and full of disquiet. He hope is most clearly accented when the believer first blossoms like a flower and then withers; he slips comes to grips with his own finitude. away like a shadow, and does not stay." The Gospel portrait of Jesus, wrestling in GethseThe Hebrew knew that the individual is not some mane with himself and with his death, while instantiation of an eternal Idea; rather, he was knowing full well of the majestic resurrection that formed of the very dust and mud of the earth, lay beyond death, shows the true relationship of destined to return to that state at his appointed both existential anxiety and resurrection hope. time. William Blake caught the fulness of this SECOND, POWER FOR THE present life is built attitude when he depicted a somewhat anthropoon the foundation of faith in the future life. The morphic God forming Adam within, literally, the believer hopes that the Power that raised Jesus from coil of mortality. the dead will do the same for him on the Last Day. YET THE SHADOW OF DEATH did not comSt. Paul (and Ivan Ilyich!) catch the vision of this pletely darken the Hebrew experience. In fact, the hope as they proclaim, " d e a t h is swallowed up in very finitude of the creature man is considered an victory." elicitor of divine mercy. Thus, in one of the It is the personal appropriation of this coming grandest of Old Testament poems. Psalm 103, the vindication of the labors of Christ's people which psalmist ascribes Yahweh's goodness to the morleads Paul to affirm the eternal significance of the tality of man: "As a father has compassion on his here and now: "Therefore . . . stand firm and imchildren, so the Lord has compassion on all who movable, and work for the Lord always, work fear him. For he knows how we are made; he knows without limit, since you k n o w that in the Lord your full well that we are dust." labor cannot be lost." Modern thought, especially that of existentialIn conclusion, Karl Jaspers offers us a proper ism, has also stressed the centrality of death in the ^ model for balancing anxiety and hope when, after life of man. Of prime importance in existentialism is stating that man cannot live until he contemplates the power of existential anxiety. This is nothing less death, he also adds, "Existence . . . is given to itself than a soul-jarring, horrifying contemplation of in the certainty of eternity." A dynamic tension one's own coming death, a contemplation which must be maintained between the twin forces of Tolstoy outlines in his short story The Death of anxiety over death and the quiet hope of a life Ivan Ilyich. Ivan comes to the end of life and beyond death with God.
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sympathy and competence. It is our task to develop a community of scholars through which Christ is witness to the world by their continual pursuit of further truth, no matter how discomforting, by the spiritual emphasis which they share, and by their determination to offer whatever wisdom they attain to their fellowman in this period of service. IT IS OUR belief that at Hope College Christian commitment is consonant with personal freedom, that the theological foundation for human self awareness leads to a responsive concern for one's fellowman and society, and that an informed understanding of the Christian faith provides a viable foundation for academic excellence and the fulfillment of human potential.
DR. MORRETTE RIDER
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eternal meaning and thereby enter meaningfully into the historic continuity of faith. NO AMOUNT of scholarly achievement ajone meets the requisites of Hope College education while, at the same time, religious piety is not an acceptable substitute for sustained scholarship. In our life of increasing complexity, we are faced with the pressing needs for persons of competence. No amount of good thoughts, or good intentions, or good will can accomplish the needed result unless they are implemented through competence. Hope College seeks to provide competency whereby the beliefs and talents of the individual can be transformed into abilities and attitudes to serve the greater good of his society with understanding.
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Fike contributes poem to literary publication A poem by Dr. Francis Fike, associate professor of English, appeared in the September issue of The Classical Outlook, monthly publication of The American Classical League. A translation of a brief epigram by the first-century Latin poet Martial, Fike's contribution is entitled "On Mourning." Earlier this year four original poems by Fike appeared in The Southern Review. He has been publishing poetry since 1957 and is also the author of a number of articles in literary criticism. Fike was on the faculty of Cornell University before coming to Hope in 1968. He is on the teaching staff and the Christian Education Committee of Hope Reformed Church in Holland and is one of the charter members of Hope College's Phi Beta Kappa chapter.
October 6 , 1 9 7 2
Hope College anchor
AAB action to help j foreign students here
by Dave DeKok
'} l'' ' N
â€˘ - 'v i ^ f ^ v
When Hope for the Earth does its environmental surveys, areas such as thiTone will be studied"
Ecological survey planned by Paul Timmer As a Lake Macatawa swimmer tries to remove the lingering algae and faint pickle odor from his peculiarly green body, he might ask himself, why doesn't somebody do something? THE CAMPUS Hope for the Earth organization is attempting to alleviate environmental nuisances. Such nuisances could ultimately result in a threat to human survival. One important activity that Hope for the Earth is working on involves the f u t u r e use of state and city-owned land in Ottawa county. Assistant professor of geology John Anderson and 18 students are presently undertaking an ecological survey of the county. THE RESULTS OF the survey will determine what areas should remain in their natural state, as well as those that could be developed with little harm to the environment. The study will include wildlife observation, plant specie counts, and soil profiles. Once ecologically or aesthetically important areas are set aside from development they can be further studied. A RECENTLY passed state law, lobbied for by the Sierra Club, paved the way for such
environmental improvement activity. The law requires an environmental impact study to be done on all parcels of state land before they can be developed. it also provides for setting aside ecologically valuable land, but it allows for states and cities to, in effect, exchange land. This means that a city could trade commercially worthless but ecologically important property to the state for commercially valuable state-owned property that is safe for development. AN EXAMPLE of this in the Holland area is the Black River swamp. Hope for the Earth plans an environmental study on this area since it is a breeding ground for many kinds of wildlife. They hope to save it from possible use as a landfill or industrial area. However, without dedicated volunteers, the law borders on futility. The Michigan Department of Natural Resources was put in charge of actual field work but they were not given enough money to carry it out. Thus, interested volunteer labor is essential. HOPE FOR THE EARTH also needs money for transportation, office materials, and scientific instruments. A headquarters for their operations is also being sought.
Students need not be science oriented to participate in the ecological survey. It doesn't take a biology major to make a bird count, for example. People are also wanted to fill administrative posts and help build laboratory instruments. Hope for the Earth meets every Wednesday night at 7 p.m. on the fourth floor of the Science Building. Ecology minded students are welcome.
Amendments by Marjorie DeKam New federal education amendments passed in August will give students more opportunities for financial aid next year, according to Financial Aid Director Bruce Himebaugh. THE AMENDMENTS concern the National Defense Student Loans, the Educational Opportunity Grants and the Federal Work Study program. They also o f f e r a new program, the Basic Educational O p p o r t u n i t y Grants. Renamed the National Direct Student Loans, the NDSL pro-
Hope -Geneva compares well
Dirkse, Holmes to get Ph.D's at term's end Two Hope professors recently completed work on their doctorates and will receive their degrees at the end of the present term. Lamont Dirkse, chairman of the education d e p a r t m e n t , has had his dissertation approved by Michigan State University. Dirkse studied various curricular changes and practices in selected elementary schools in Michigan which employ non-graded programs. Assistant Professor of Political Science Jack Holmes will receive his Ph.D. f r o m the University of Denver Graduate School of International Studies in December. His research concerned administrative decentralization in developing countries. Holmes indicated his thesis has been approved and his oral exam waived. "All I have to do now is type u p the final c o p y , " he said.
store's profit margin, new and used book prices and salary of employees," according to Instructor in Economics and Business Administration Neil DeBoer, w h o researched and analyzed data for the study. According to DeBoer's survey of 10 schools and the National Association of College Stores, Inc. which studied 20 institutions, Hope's store compares favorably with similar colleges in nearly every phase of its operation. HOPE-GENEVA buys used hardbacks at 50-75 percent of their original price and resells them again at 75 percent. T h e CLB survey showed most schools buy at a fixed 50 percent, then sell at 75 percent. Not all stores buy used b o o k s and most who do give considerably less than HopeGeneva's 50 percent for paperbacks. The bookstore nets a profit of eight percent of sales, and subtracting costs for building rental, janitorial services, and depreciation, Hope-Geneva's adjusted
Dance tonight The Student Activities Committee is sponsoring a Pull Dance tonight f r o m 8-12 p.m. in the DeWitt Cultural Center ballroom. T h e Sonic System will perf o r m , and admission is free.
Financial aid to increase
CLB completes study The Hope-Geneva Bookstore has been given a clean bill of health by those studying the establishment under the auspices of the Campus Life Board. THE SURVEY WAS initiated to "answer questions often voiced by students regarding the book-
In order that foreign students might be better informed how t o cope with problems they might have at Hope, the Academic Affairs Board approved the formation of a Foreign Student Affairs Subcommittee of the International Education Committee last Wednesday. ACCORDING TO Assistant Professor of History G. Larry Penrose, the formation of the subcommittee was recommended in a report made by Dr. Robert Schuitemann, the foreign student advisor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Schuitemann was invited to Hope last May by Director of International Education Paul Fried. The report pointed out the need for equal treatment of foreign and American students, but emphasized the need for some guidance for the foreign students. THE AAB ALSO continued its consideration of core curriculum revision. There was negative feeling among some board members toward continuing the revision study on grounds that it might be a dead issue. Assistant Professor of Classical Languages Brooks Wheeler objected to continuing the study on the grounds that it would be an a f f r o n t to everything the faculty had worked for over the last few years. "SOMEONE mentioned possibly doing away with the m a t h requirement," Wheeler said. "As a member of the Phi Beta Kappa selection committee I can tell you that for Phi Beta Kappa considera-
tion a student must show proficiency in both math and foreign languages. Wheeler then moved that the AAB support the core curriculum in principle but allow the various departments to offer options for required courses. By doing this, he said, the AAB would discover whether a majority of their number were against revision of the core curriculum, and if so, they should waste no more time cosidering it. ASSOCIATE Dean for Academic Affairs Jack Stewart reminded board members they had commissioned the core curriculum study and had an obligation to finish it. The suggestion that the AAB discontinue the study should be shelved, he said. AAB chairman Dr. Irwin Brink, professor of chemistry, then asked Stewart if a vote could be taken on whether to have a straw vote on the issue and Stewart agreed that it could. A straw vote is not binding, but an expression of opinion, he said. ASSOCIATE Professor of Religion Dr. Robert Coughenour asked if revision should even be discussed before the President's Committee on Goals and Purposes makes its report. Brink replied, "Statements on goals and purposes have been made before and they don't tend to say much that is n e w . " The motion was then made to take a straw vote and it passed unanimously. The straw vote itself showed that five members agreed with Wheeler's original motion and six favored further study of the core curriculum.
profit is a respectable three to four percent, well within the national average. P R O F I T S ALSO pay for employees' wages and for the salary of Duffield Wade, the store's manager. Wade is paid as a campus administrator. Remains of profits go to the Hope-Geneva Scholarship f u n d . DeBoer's survey found that campus bookstores generally do not earn relatively high profits when compared with other retail businesses. THE CLB STUDY also revealed that more students are employed in bookstores at larger colleges than are employed here. DeBoer deduced that this was the result of easier scheduling of part time hours at the larger schools. The study f u r t h e r indicated that virtually all bookstores surveyed sold new b o o k s at publisher's listed prices. This has been the rule of t h u m b for Hope's store as well. THE BOOKSTORE study was begun in February by an ad hoc c o m m i t t e e appointed by the CLB. Students Nan Olmstead and Ron Posthuma assisted DeBoer. DeBoer stated that he did not a t t e m p t to get a statistical sampling as he picked the 10 colleges for his study. Instead he chose five schools similar to Hope while a t t e m p t i n g t o pick other schools with a wide range of characteristics.
gram is open to anyone, and no longer requires a loyalty oath. Students still must sign an affidavit, as in all federal aid programs, however. The 10 percent discount on yearly repayment of NDSL loans for teachers has been cancelled by the amendment. However, teachers in low income areas, special education and Head Start will receive a 15 percent discount the first two years of repayment, 20 percent the next two years, and 30 percent the last year. The total a student can borrow through the NDSL during his college years remains at $5,000, but Himebaugh explained that there will be more flexibility in distributing this a m o u n t . Instead of being able to borrow only $ 1,000 per year, the student may borrow more or less than this, according to his need. THE F E D E R A L Work Study Program has expanded to allow students to work for more than the present 15 hour m a x i m u m . Himebaugh reported that 165 Hope students are presently employed through this program. While most jobs are centered on campus, two students work at the Holland Civic Center, two at the City Assessor's office, and one at the Herrick Public Library. Himebaugh said that more students will be able to work off campus if f u n d s for the program increase EOG'S A R E TO BE called the Supplementary Opportunity Grants. Besides the name, changes include making the grants available to part time students.. T h e yearly limit on the grant is increased f r o m $1,000 to $1,500, and the total for four years remains at $4,000. Guidelines are still being written for the Basic Entitlement Grant, Himebaugh said. These grants are to cover less than 50 percent of the cost of attending college, and must be no more than $1,400 per year minus the student's expected family contribution. HIMEBAUGH called the amendments " t h e most exciting legislation concerning education since the GI Bill." However, t h e NDSL revisions are the only ones in operation this year. T h e others go into effect July 1, 1973.
Funding is still uncertain for all the programs. Himebaugh explained that President Nixon has not submitted his budget for next year, and funding may cover only part of the federal aid programs. In that case, appropriations will go first to the existing programs, then to new areas, he explained. " S T A T E AND federal aid are help down the road for private higher e d u c a t i o n , " Himebaugh said, mentioning two bills pending in the Michigan state legislature. One would increase the size of competitive scholarships and tuition grants to $1,200. Concerning financial aid from Hope, Himebaugh wanted to clarify the reasons that the Financial Aid office has requested copies of federal income tax returns from the families of 35 students. HE SAID THEY are not intended to threaten or charge dishonesty in filling out Parents' Confidential Statements, but to see if they have been filled out correctly. Many colleges around the nation have found discrepancies between the income reported in the PCS and in income tax returns, often due to unintentional mistakes. Himebaugh said requests were sent to a random sampling of families. He stressed that it is not in distrust, but will help determine if the PCS f o r m s are being filled out correctly, which could be due to the format of the PCS.
Rudy Broekhuis receives grant Rudy Broekhuis, a sophomore political science major, has been awarded a research grant by the Sophia and William Casey Foundation of Glen Head, N.Y. to study grass roots politics on the precinct level in O t t a w a County. â€˘ The grant is part of the foundat i o n ^ Self-Starter Challenge Program for first time voters who undertake a project in relation to this year's national election, according t o Jack Holmes, assistant professor of political science. Broekhuis says he plans to focus on h o w the concerned citizen can help his political party elect its presidential nominee.
October 6 , 1 9 7 2
Hope College anchor
Meeting a need This issue contains an article on methaqualone, rapidly becoming a very widely used street down (popular " h i g h " producing depressant). A piece such as this appears in the anchor because we realize the need for open lines of communication even about things some people may not want t o face. The t r u t h is that there are students at Hope using Quaaludes and other chemical stimulants, depressants and hypnotics. Some of the drugs will kill, some can debilitate, and few students know all the facts a b o u t those they use.
students here and nearly all legal adults) the anchor is and has been in the on-going process of reevaluating our position concerning printing such controversial items as birth control, abortion, and drug help centers which previously may have been construed as soiling our pristine newspaper. The motives involved in this r e v a l u a tion are important and so are its means. We feel it essential that our decisions be reached not on the basis of a piece's sensational or sensual character. This mistake has been made by other campus news organs which then became tagged as " f r e a k y , " " l e f t i s t , " or "risque." The anchor has no use for this kind of image. We simply cannot be restricted by such rigidity. We continue to seek policies which allow us to print a variety of pertinent subject matter. However, the anchor now has and continues to renew a working philosophy. This philosophy is achieved by our own concerned thinking and to a great extent by input garnered f r o m the paper's readers. The anchor exists to help, but to do so most effectively we need the help of all concerned readers.
Clearly there is a need for communication in order to educate America's youth about the various drugs in use today. Many maintain that there is a great job to be done in teaching kids about the evils of such hedonistic pursuits. We must agree that there are more positive activities to be undertaken than taking many drugs in use today. However, didactic prose may not always be the most effective way of avoiding bad experiences such as convulsions, hangovers, and stomch disorders which can result from toxic drug use. Students are enormously perceptive and often come to The next f e w weeks mark a mixture of disregard information cloaked in homily. the old and the new at Hope College: Consequently, the anchor may sometimes traditions such as the Pull, Nykerk, and reject sermonizing in favor of some good Homecoming are of as much concern to hard facts a b o u t t o d a y ' s realities. students as the inauguration of President Students take drugs. Let's at least help Van Wylen. While there is nothing wrong them know exactly what they're doing. with any of these events per se, it is ironic Let's allow the interpretive function of the that both the inauguration and Homecampus news organ some latitude. Hopecoming weekend are characterized by the fully there will always be a place in the paper for items of personal interest to title " T h e New Era." students regarding every aspect of their Regardless of one's opinion of Van lives. Hopefully the anchor can assist stuWylen, there can be no d o u b t that his dent decision-making without actually inauguration is indeed the beginning of a new era for the college. Unfortunately, making the decisions. For example, should the fact that less however, students seem unwilling t o accept any newness: even the slightest variation than five percent of the students on campus are married preclude the appearance of f r o m cherished traditions is unthinkable. Homecoming is illustrative of most ads for birth control devices and consultaHopeites' conservativism in the area of tion? Perhaps in light of new research showing almost half of all college coeds to campus activites. Students are being encouraged to construct lawn displays depichave had intercourse this information is ting the " N e w Era" t h e m e at the same time pertinent. they are being urged to cast their ballots Documented research shows the number for the Homecoming queen and court. of illegitimate births on a steep rise. Clearly What Homecoming's coordinators fail to a need for education also exists in this area. see is that election of any kind of a Perhaps the anchor is the means for dissem" b e a u t y " or " p o p u l a r i t y " queen is hopeinating this information. lessly antithetical t o any concept of newT h e anchor demurred in 1971 on the ness. They are simply perpetuating the issue of publishing ads for birth control myth of the typical Hope female, w h o devices. This decision was reached when a comes to college t o capture a man, and college administrator informed the paper once she does, has nothing more pressing of disparaging c o m m e n t s made by Reon her mind than sorority informals and formed Church leaders concerning such an pinning ceremonies. ad which had appeared in the paper. Whether Hope coeds espouse the cause So far this year the anchor has not had of w o m e n ' s liberation or not, they should to face the dilemma of whether to print no longer tolerate a practice which elevates ads and information regarding contracepa select few of their number on the basis of tives and abortions. No such material has their legs, smile, charm, or how many crossed our desk and we haven't solicited fraternity brothers conspired to vote for any. However, a decision will undoubtedly t h e m . When based on such criteria, the have to be made within the year. election of a Homecoming queen becomes Recognizing our responsibility to promeaningless, and consequently should be vide pertinent information for our readers abolished. (approximately 80 percent of whom are
A new era?
A plea for peace - On a fresh September evening I strolled through campus to the Pine Grove to participate in a peace gathering. It was a meeting to protest not so much against the war in Vietnam particularly as it was a protest for peace everywhere and for all time. I was taking time to reflect during
dear editor one of many busy days how u n m i n d f u l 1 am of the suffering caused by man's inhumanity to man. Coming within sight of the Pine Grove I was taken aback t o not see masses of people waiting on the grass. Since this was an informal affair I felt confident that many others would drift over a little late so I seated myself to wait for the influx. I listened in deep thought as students shared their beliefs and dreams of peace in music, poetry, and prayer. It was a sensitive hour of reaching out t o t o u c h heart and mind.
Some time later I realized that from a student body of over 2000 a mere handful of less than 40 had come together to demonstrate concern over the wanton destruction of life, liberty, and happiness in southeastern Asia. Is 98 percent of Hope's student body truly indifferent to this issue? Wednesday night one young man summed up my impression of the poor t u r n o u t , "We seem t o be a remnant of the peace m o v e m e n t . " The bandwagon has come t o a screeching halt and our sunshine patriots have departed for more fashionable causes. 1 cannot (will n o t ? ) believe that we have become deaf t o the anguished cries of the w o u n d e d and the mourning, but we have been t o o easily satisfied by a symbolic peace. "Peace with h o n o r " and "Vietnamizat i o n " have b e c o m e the passwords t o prolong senseless killing. How is it possible t o live in clear conscience on indefinite hopes that " s o m e d a y " t h e war will end? The slaughter must stop; we must stop at nothing to end it. Marilyn Knak
The TV scream by Art Buchwald Copyright © 1 9 7 2 , Los Angeles Times Syndicate
I went over to Strybaum's house the other night about dinner time and walked into the living r o o m . There was Strybaum screaming at the television set. I LOOKED SHOCKED and Ada, his wife, pulled me over t o the c o m e r . "He's been doing that every night," Ada said. " I t ' s either Cronkite or Chancellor - it doesn't matter. Ever since the election campaign started he's done nothing but yell at the set. I'm starting to worry about him." President Nixon came on the set, speaking at a fund-raising dinner somewhere, and said, " A n d I promise that there will be no tax raises in the next four years if 1 am re-elected President of the United States." " L I A R ! " STRYBAUM yelled. "YOU KNOW DAMN WELL Y O U ' R E GOING TO HAVE TO RAISE TAXES. WHAT DO YOU T A K E ME F O R ? SOME KIND OF BLITHERING I D I O T ? " " S t r y b a u m , " I said, " d o n ' t take it so personally. It's an election year." Sen. McGovern came on the screen and said, " A n d I promise if I am elected I will see that the government gives financial aid to Catholic schools." 44 HORSE FEATHERS!" Strybaum shouted. (Though I must be honest and admit he didn't say " f e a t h e r s . " ) "YOU CAN'T GIVE MONEY TO CATHOLIC SCHOOLS. IT'S UNCONSTITUTIONAL AND YOU KNOW IT, YOU BUM!" Ada said, " A d o l p h , even if he can't do it, let him say he can. He needs the votes." Strybaum said, " I ' m sick and tired of sitting here night after night and watching these jokers lie through their t e e t h . " ATTY. GEN. KLEINDIENST came on with his big grin and said, " I am happy to report that the crime rate is down throughout the country, thanks to the Nixon Administration's strong law-enforcement programs."
"BULLDOZER!" Strybaum yelled. "YOU C A N T WALK FROM Y O U R OFFICE T O Y O U R CAR WITHOUT GETTING M U G G E D ! WHAT KIND O F MANURE ARE YOU HANDING OUT TO US?" " S T R Y B A U M , " I PLEADED, "let the man think it if he wants to. According t o his statistics crime is going down. He has to make the President look g o o d . " "We s h o u l d n ' t have t o put up with i t , " Strybaum said. " T h e y think they can go on the tube any t i m e they want to and expect us to swallow any malarkey they hand out. Well, I've had it, and I'm going to let them know h o w I feel." SARGENT SHRIVER appeared on the screen. " A n d I want t o tell you, my fellow Americans, I am sick and tired of going into a s u p e r m a r k e t and paying 37 cents f o r a quart of milk so the dairy interests can fatten t h e Republican Campaign Chest." "WHEN WAS THE LAST TIME YOU WENT T O A S U P E R M A R K E T , S A R G E ? " Strybaum shouted. "WHEN WAS T H E LAST TIME ANY KENNEDY WAS IN A SUPERMARKET?" " I T ' S HOPELESS," Ada said t o me. "He's determined not to let anyone get away with anything while he's watching TV." " S t r y b a u m , " I asked, " w h a t good does it do to yell at your set? They can't hear you." " T h e y may not hear me. But if everyone in this country yells at his set at the same time, they'll hear u s , " he replied. "Besides, it makes me feel good. Why don't you try i t ? " TO PLACATE HIM I said I would. John Mitchell came on the screen and said, 44I know nothing about the Watergate bugging case and I had nothing to do with i t . " " Y O U ' R E LYING, J O H N ! " 1 yelled, "AND MARTHA KNOWS IT, T O O ! " 1 felt terrible.
• O P E COLLEGE
Published during the college year except vacation, holiday and examination periods by and for the students of Hope College, Holland, Michigan, under the authority of the S t u d e n t Communications Media Committee. Subscription price: $7 per year. Printed by the Composing R o o m , Grand Rapids, Michigan. Member, Associated Collegiate Press, United States Student Press Association. O f f i c e located on ground floor of Graves Hall. Telephone 392-5111, Extension 2301 and 2285. T h e opinions on this page are not necessarily those of the student b o d y , faculty or administration of Hope College. Editor Mary Houting Associate Editor Gary Gray News Editor Dave DeKok Copy Editor Marjorie DeKam Critiques Editor . . . . Kathy Vande Bunte Editorial Assistant Gordon Tobert Business Manager Ned Junor Subscription Manager Stan Busman Layout . . Clarke Borgeson, Bob Eckert, Cheryl Lewis Cartoonist Dan Dykstra Typist, proof Mary Claerhout
Peter Brown, Bob Van Voorst, Merlin Whiteman Reporters Dick Bloemendaal, Wayne Daponte, Marcy Darin, Annetta Miller, Paul Timmer Advertising Manager Joe Courier Photographers Tom Siderius, Don Lee Davis, Cookie Willems
October 6 , 1 9 7 2
Hope College anchor
Underground press: expression of radical dissent Editor's note: This week's anchor review is written by John Berger, of Alternative Features Service. He reviews The Paper Revolutionaries by Laurence Learner. (Simon and Shuster, $2.95.) What makes The Paper Revolutionaries compelling reading, aside from the knowledge and literary artistry with which it's put together, is that a u t h o r Laurence Learner has clearly experienced -emotionally, psychologically, and intellectually - t h e ^ T v e r s e currents of radical thought permeating the underground press in America throughout the 1960's. LEAMER G R A D U A T E D from Antioch in the early sixties and went to graduate school in Oregon and at Columbia, taking master's degrees in international affairs and journalism. Somewhere along the line, he was evidently steeped in the political ferment which is so dramatically expressed in the underground press of the last decade. As he takes us through its history, covering outstanding practical and political problems in underground journalism, we sense that though he's a nonstaffer - and in fact has worked for Newsweek - he's been involved enough to really " g r o k " the currents of thought he's dealing with and to analyze them with appreciative yet critical eyes. THIS IS MADE eminently readable and entertaining by Leamer's use of underground newspaper graphics and f r o n t page facsimiles for illustrative material and by his own exceptionally competent writing style. Fresh, uncliched, fluent, it reflects his near-virtuosity at coming up with just the right word or phrase and his knack for pithy
Internat'l com. invites students to its meetings The International Education Committee, in order to aid it in its review of Hope's foreign study programs, is opening its meetings to interested students who have participated in those programs. Meetings are held every Monday at 3:30 p.m. in Room 221 of the DeWitt Cultural Center. Monday the group will talk with Katherine Kipreos, director of "Greek Study, Inc." The committee's schedule is as follows: Oct. 23, GLCA Sarajevo; Oct. 30, GLCA programs in Bogota, T o k y o , and Beirut; Nov. 6, chemistry exchange programs; Nov. 13, Vienna Summer School; and Nov. 20, Grenoble.
THESE INCLUDE BOTH actively demonstrating and conning the system out of goods as described in the New York Rat's frequent exhortations to rip off the Establishment " t o destroy their system, and in the process to build something based on humanity."
Then there are discussions of media manipulation in the Provotype tradition; one example occured when Tom Forcade of the Underground Press Syndicate climaxed his verbal defiance of President Johnson's Commission on Obscenity and Pornography by slamming a cream pie into the face of a commission member. L A T E R , LEAMER deals with underground press coverage of repression and the rise of hip capitalistic rock-centered publications as well as with the sexploitationist porno underground.
characterizations: "This was no longer 1967 and many of the flower children had grown thorns." THE R A N G E OF the book is broad. Leamer discusses exploitation in the underground press, the cooptation of underground culture, the failure to collectivize, and the tension in the post-flower child era among, and within, the pre-eminently " c u l t u r a l " and the "political" undergrounds. He draws a distinction between the papers whose editorial visions sought to meld cultural with political revolution, versus papers steered by the ideological purists of austere, dogmatic political revolutionism (like the "Vulgar Marxists" of Liberation News Service, immortalized by LNS founder Ray Mungo in his book Famous Long Ago: My Life and Hard Times with Liberation News Service.) OF COURSE, for many papers, this issue may have been subordinated to the conflict between ideological consistency and loyalty to the " r e v o l u t i o n , " and commercial success. Both the Berkeley Tribe, before its dissolution, and Liberation News Service clearly opted for maintaining their political purity at the expense of relevance to their potentially broad, less politicized audiences. In his survey of the underground press, Leamer has also done a good although light interpretive history of the Movement f r o m its emergence out of the beat-bohemian subculture of the '50's to become a mass radical movement. We see dominant trends in the Movement shift from the tripping, dropping out and esthetic revolution epitomized in
Vpus' still seeks contibutions to first issue, editor Student contributions t o the fall Opus are currently being accepted, and should be placed in the Opus box on the first floor of Van Raalte Hall, according to Opus co-editor Joan Kacewich. The publication is also seeking students to assist in compiling the magazine, which should appear in late October or early November, Ms. Kacewich said.
manuscript and its appearance in print. AS A RESULT, Leamer leaves the reader ignorant of what is probably the most serious development in the underground press of the last two years: the debilitating splits at many large urban undergrounds and the demise of important papers like the San Francisco Good Times, The Berkeley Tribe, The Old Mole (Boston), the New York Ace, the Willamette Bridge (Portland), Every woman (Los Angeles), and Denver's Chinook. Clearly, an entire book could now be written about how various undergrounds split, permuted and evolved, or died of internal dissension. Another development of the 70's which gets almost no attention here is the growth of gay and feminist papers. Leamer's book is a fair and useful one that helps explain how from its embryonic beginnings in the sixties, the underground press (variously defined, and according to disparate estimates) can validly claim a nationwide circulation of between 1,500,000 and 3,000,000 copies.
Original works of prose, poetry, art and photography are acceptable, and, in order to prevent possible staff bias, should contain the artist's student number rather than his name. The Opus staff is also a t t e m p t ing to initiate a series of bi-weekly faculty-student, poetry-prose readings. Anyone interested should contact Ms. Kacewich, Carol Yeckel, or Dave Beattie.
the visionary psychedelic pages of the colorful San Francisco Oracle to later phases in political maturity.
Although Leamer touches on most of the important phenomena involving the underground press as late as 1970, his coverage of later developments is superficial at best - perhaps the result of a long lag between his completion of the
A-bombs or bullets by Peter Brown The Vietnam conflict illustrates perfectly the dramatic shift in the opinions of the liberal public. The shift in attitude affects not only the South Vietnamese people, but also the entire U.S. military establishment. In just the last 12 years liberals in the military. have shifted strategy from the idea of flexible response to that of massive retaliation. It is my goal here to show how and why liberal opinion changed and the dangers of the resultant military strategy. IN 1960, John F. Kennedy began forming a military strategy which is referred to as flexible response. Flexible response means the ability of our military to respond effectively with conventional weapons if a crisis were to occur. The logic, at least in Kennedy's mind, behind flexible response is that it enables us to honor our c o m m i t m e n t s without resorting to nuclear war. The cost of flexible response though, was high, for it required a strong conventional army, navy, and air force. Kennedy in fact, spent much more money than Eisenhower on the military establishment. To think that Kennedy ever would have chosen a weak military or would have issued propaganda such as, " C o m e home, America", is totally absurd. TO ACCURATELY SHOW Kennedy's attitude toward foreign policy the following q u o t e from his Inaugural Address will suffice. "We will pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe to assure the survival and success of liberty." The reason why liberals have moved away from this type of foreign policy orientation is due to the Vietnam war. Vietnam was the test for flexible response. It was employed there but it failed. The liberals reacted immediately t o this by trying t o drastically reduce military expenditures. BECAUSE O F VIETNAM they also began to question the validity of our role as the world leader for democracy. By reacting in such a way, they have in fact come to stand at opposite ends from John Kennedy. The new liberal attitude which has resulted from disgust with our military action in Vietnam is very dangerous. The danger of this mentality is two-fold. First, if we move in their direction and wind down our role of world involvement, we are going to create a power vacuum. Someone will have t o fill this vacuum, and we are immediately left with a shaky new world power alignment. In following liberal doctrine, we will have succeeded in throwing the balance of power into eccentricity.
THE SECOND DANGER is in the drastic reduction of the defense budget. In pursuing this policy, flexible response will be non-existent. We will be unable to effectively react with conventional weapons to a world crisis. The only way we will be able to react is with a threat of nuclear war. This type of foreign military policy is called massive retaliation. There really isn't any d o u b t that should the liberals win, flexible response will be eliminated. AN EXAMPLE IS THAT even Democratic Representative Les Aspin secretly rejected the McGovern idea that six aircraft carriers would be sufficient to react in a crisis. Aspin told a liberal L/BÂŁÂŁAL
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Hope professor that we needed at least 10 aircraft carriers to meet a crisis effectively. The point is that with a liberal victory, the only way we will be able to honor our c o m m i t m e n t s should a crisis arise is with threat of massive retaliation. This type of strategy leaves us boxed in with only one out - nuclear war. Most political scientists fear this type of dangerous, confining strategy. Thus we see how the liberal thought has evolved in the last 12 years from the flexible response of John Kennedy to the present massive retaliation doctrine. In concluding I might note that my criticism of present liberal military policy is exactly the same criticism Kennedy used against Eisenhower.
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Hope College anchor
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Warning: Quaaludes dangerously addictive (LNS) - " P a t i e n t s awoke refreshed without hangover, drowsiness, headache or o t h e r side effects. Patients are alert, immediately fit for physical or mental w o r k . " So reads a recent advertisement for Quaalude, one of the most widely used non-barbiturate h y p n o t i c drugs available in the U.S.today. METHAQU ALONE, better k n o w n by its brand name, Quaalude, is not only widely distributed by psychiatrists and physicians as a sleeping pill and sedative, but is also becoming one of t h e most popular street downs.
" F o r every Quaalude addict we come across, that addict seems to know five or six others. At this point we believe we are only seeing the tip of the Quaalude addict iceberg," said Richard Kunnes, a d o c t o r at Ann Arbor's Drug Help center. QUAALUDE BECAME popu lar because it was thought to produce a non-addictive "buzz" and thus was a safe replacement for barbiturates and heroin which, of course, are highly addicting. And there were good reasons for people to believe methaqualone to be non-addicting.
Religious folk singer William Flanders croons words of wisdom during his concert last Wednesday evening in Dimnent Memorial Chapel. His appearance was sponsored by the Student Activities Committee and the Ministry of Christ's People.
Most doctors will tell you that there was essentially no evidence in medical or pharmacological literature t o indicate any serious addicting potential. The Physicians Desk Reference, a major source of information f o r a wide majority of practicing physicians, has not indicated any serious likelihood of addiction. And no wonder: the PDR is published by a consortium of drug firms and is designed to push their products, not to discourage doctors from using drugs. BUT EVEN THE PDR states, "Due to lack of long term experimental data, Quaalude should not be prescribed for more than three m o n t h s . " And, "Care should be used during administration with other analgesics, sedatives, psychotherapeutic drugs or with alcohol because of possible potentiation of e f f e c t s . " Which is to say, that if you take Quaalude with wine or Seconal, or any other downs, it may become two to 10 times as strong and dangerous. It only takes the strength of 20 Quaaludes to kill a person. THE D A N G E R S FOR those who use Quaaludes infrequently or alternately with other drugs (speed or other downs such as Seconal, tuinol, etc.) are the side effects of dizziness, hangovers and the yet untested damage it does to bone marrow and stomach lining. And there is also the damage that any drug intake does to the liver which has the job of filtering impurities out of the blood.
"I have seen Quaalude addicts who can't speak straight. They repeat sentences over and over and d o n ' t even know what they've said," observed one woman whose sister is a Quaalude addict. " Y o u have to repeat things to them and then they s t i l l ' d o n ' t understand. "ONCE WHEN I was talking to one woman who takes them regularly, 1200 mgs more a day, her eyes kept rolling back into her head. She nodded out on the bed. It's disgusting. But the worst part is the hopelessness she feels. Her only motivation is to get more Quaaludes. It's like an oral loboto__,,»» my. But the biggest problem with Quaalude, is that while it is addictive, the addict cannot withdraw by going "cold t u r k e y " as she or he can with heroin. Why not? Going cold turkey from Quaalude can produce convulsions, stomach hemorrhaging and death (heroin does none of these except through overdose). What makes this problem doubly hazardous is that since few people know methaqualone is addictive, most users of the drug are also unaware of its withdrawal dangers. DRUG HELP in Ann Arbor has had a few methaqualone addicts come to them for help. " U n f o r t u nately, when we a t t e m p t e d to get these people hospitalized for detoxification, all of the hospitals in the area said they would take no addict of any description and insisted that the problem was a psychological one and not a medical o n e , " reported Kunnes. There is one common method of medically supervised withdrawal from methaqualone addiction. That is to place the patient-addict
Dick, George contrasted Editor's note: In the following essay Jane Dickie, assistant professor of psychology, discusses character differences in the two presidential contenders. Character of presidential candidates may, in the long run, be more predictive of the direction of government than stands on particular issues. James Barber, author of a book entitled The Presidential Character: Predicting Performance in the White House, has used past statements and decisions of both Nixon and McGovern to contrast their basic approaches to governing. BOTH NIXON and McGovern are activists in that they believe that the President must lead the country in some direction. However, Barber differentiates between Nixon and McGovern on a dimension of positive vs. negative approach. Barber characterizes Nixon as an Active-Negative - a man w h o does not bring h u m o r or joy to the job, but rather endures, doing what must be done with a sense of drudgery. The danger in an Active-Negative president is that " t h e y eventually endanger themselves and perhaps the country by taking a stand on principle and sticking to it regardless of the consequences." I THINK NIXON has demonstrated, particularly with the Vietnam War, that he is an ActiveNegative. For example, it is becoming clearer and clearer that we are defending the Thieu regime
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rather than the " p e o p l e " of Vietnam. This regime increasingly proves itself to be a dictatorship. In the last year Thieu has closed the universities, closed all newspapers that criticize the government and instituted strict censorship of all news. He has outlawed dissent and strikes by students or labor. HE ELIMINATED all competitors in his one man race for the presidency and recently he declared Marshall Law so that he could arrest and execute individuals without a trial. Two weeks ago Julie Nixon was asked, "Would you die for the Thieu regimel" Her answer, " Y e s 1 w o u l d . " Nixon showed his rigidity, even in the face of contrary evidence, in several other areas. He has appointed special commissions to investigate the efficacy of the SST, violence in America, pornography, and drugs. RATHER THAN modify his stand on any of these issues based on the results of careful study, he attacked the commissions and disagreed with their findings because they did not agree with his own convictions or they were unpopular stands. The degree with which Nixon makes everything focus on himself is obvious. In the midst of the speech about Cambodia in 1970 Nixon took time to talk about what this did for his chances in an
election more than two years away. BARBER NOTES, "He explained" his course of action taken nearly on his own - as though he were the lone ranger mounting a one-man attack on an Indian camp: 'I knew the stakes that were involved. I knew the division that would be caused in this country. I also knew the problems internationally. I knew the military risks. . . . I made this decision. I believe it will work out, and if it doesn't then 1 am to blame.' " He saw the defeats of Haynsworth and Carswell as personal attacks on his authority; and he portrayed the trips to Peking and Moscow as " t r i u m p h s of personal diplomacy." In his acceptance speech in 1968 Nixon emphasized his personal life and his election as the impossible dream. IN CONTRAST, McGovern is an Active-Positive. His speech at the Democratic Convention barely mentioned his own ambitions. As Barber suggests "McGovern's attention moves outward from himself to the world b e y o n d . " McGovern tends to maintain a stable course and a flexible attitude toward stands on issues. New evidence modifies his solutions to particular problems though not his basic approach, nor his ordering of priorities.
Freshman Stuart Scholl won the meet by setting a new course record of 25:32. Sophomore Glenn Powers came in second, only three seconds behind Scholl. Randy Lawrence and Brian Claxton b o t h ran excellent races, but Phil Ceeley put o u t the best performance of the day. In his first meet since his attack of mononucleosis, he placed f i f t h on the team. Marty Stark and freshmen Dave Whitehouse and Wayne Daponte all bettered their previously best times for five miles.
Since the injury of Greg Daniels and the late start of Phil Ceeley, the squad's two top runners last season, the team has had to rely more and more on its improved d e p t h than on the performances of a handful of stars. The fact that a winning team cannot truthfully call any one person a " s u p e r s t a r " and remain a winning team says much about the team's overall performance. The win put Hope in a tie with Kalamazoo for first place in the MIAA. Since Kazoo's victory in the Hope Invitational, they have become the favorite for the MIAA crown. Hope's next meet will be the GLCA meet in Wooster, Ohio, where the Dutchmen are the defending champs f r o m last season.
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Scholl sets new record; as harriers beat Albion Hope College defeated Albion in the cross country team's first official MIAA meet this season 24-32 (low score wins).
in an in-patient service, put him on 24 h o u r convulsion precautions, stop all Quaalude intake and immediately re-addict the patient with high doses of barbiturates as a substitute for Quaalude. Since withdrawal from barbiturates is standardized procedure, once the patient is addicted to the barbiturates, withdrawal f r o m them is begun and completed in four to six days. THE FOOD AND DRUG Administration has given no serious warning of possible addiction to methaqualone either. Drug companies manufacture far more tablets than can be used safely in prescribed medical situations. Not surprisingly there is wide-spread Quaalude diffusion, legal and otherwise, through physicians' prescriptions, stealing f r o m factories and warehouses, hijacking f r o m trucks and in all likelihood, some underground laboratories. Methaqualone is flooding the streets and college campuses and is readily available at comparatively low prices.
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Hope College anchor
October 6 , 1 9 7 2
Denison victory mars spotless Dutch record by Dick Bloemendaal
Going into last Saturday's football game with Denison of Ohio, Hope College stood a fine chance of handing the Big Reds their first loss of the year and advancing into MIAA league play at Albion sporting an unblemished 3-0 record. TWO LOST FUMBLES, three intercepted passes, and a bad snap to center later, the Flying Dutchmen were knocked off their cloud by the squad of visitors from Ohio, with the Denison team carving out a big win, 33-19, at Riverview Park. The Big Reds stopped a Hope offense that had averaged 423.5 yards in its first two games, limiting the Flying Dutchmen to just 139 yards rushing and 66 yards through the air. JUNIOR TAILBACK Bob Lamer was also stymied in his attempt to remain one of the nation's leading ground gainers. Lamer was limited to just 38 yards in 15 carries after averaging 164.5 yards in the Dutch victories over Manchester and Concordia for a seventh place ranking in the NCAA College Division statistics. Denison, on the other hand, received fine running from the duo of fullback Bill Harris, who garnered 128 yards in 30 carries, and from senior co-captain Ed Exler, who filled the tailback position well by scampering for 113 yards in 22 attempts. Hope fullback Ed Sanders continued his return to peak f o r m , leading Dutch rushers with 91 yards in 17 trips. DENISON TOOK the kickoff under an overcast sky and banged away for 11 yards in seven plays before the Big Reds were forced to punt to the Blue and Orange. Two plays later, an attempted Carlson to Sanders pitchout backfired and Denison comerback Bert Bathiany dove on the loose pigskin to set up the Big Red's first score on the Hope 18 yard line. Only thirty seconds later, substitute fullback Rich Simeone picked his way through the Hope secondary to draw first blood for Denison. A hurried snap from center caused the PAT to fail, but with barely four minutes gone in the contest, Denison led Hope 6-0.
HOPE WAS THWARTED on its next offensive series as Denison safety Larry Shumar intercepted a Carlson to Dave Johnson pass when the ball hung for what
seemed to be an eternity against the clearing sky. The game of give-away continued, however, as Big Red quarterback Greg Ellis threw a pitchout into thin air which halfback Jim Wojcicki recovered for the Dutchmen. Again, Hope failed to move the ball down the field, punted, and was promptly rewarded a Denison miscue in the form of a fumble pounced upon by freshman tackle Craig Van Tuinen. A 15 yard aerial from Carlson to senior split end Dave Johnson moved the ball to the six, where Hope possessed a first-and-goal with time running out in the first period. Shaking free in the right side end zone from his defensive man, Ed Sanders leaped high for a Carlson pass he snared and fell into the end zone with. With the score knotted at 6-6, Hope kicker Darryl Brown missed only his second extra point attempt in nine tries and failed to move Hope out in front with 1:57 left in the first period. HOPE MISSED out on an opportune scoring chance when the Dutchmen had possession of the ball on the enemy's 10 yard line, but turned the pigskin over when Denison comerback Tom Browning angled off a Carlson to Ted Albrecht touchdown pass and came up with the ball. Failing to move with its running attack, the Denison offense turned the ball over to the Hope legions in what turned out to be one of the most exciting plays of the game. Receiving the kickoff, Jim Wojcicki swept around right end, breaking free on a key block by end Jeff Stewart. Wojo's 25 yard return paved the way for Hope's next score. WITH 2:40 LEFT in the half, Ed Sanders bulled his way over from four yards out to give Hope a seemingly insurmountable halftime lead of 13-6, as Brown made his extra point attempt good. The Denison Big Red retaliated with a score of their own. After two long aerials to end John Nussbaumer totaling 47 yards, fullback Harris plunged over from the one yard line to bring the Ohio team within one as time ran out in the half. But, defense man Tom O'Brien intercepted the two-point conversion attempt and Hope went into the locker room 13-12 leaders. DENISON SHOWED what a ball-control team they are, as they marched the length of the field in 16 plays, using up nearly eight
Booters win again, 8-0; jayvees take, drop one The soccer team moved its season record to 3-1 by defeating Purdue-Calumet 8-0 last Friday. Mark Van Voorst led the team with three goals, while senior John White scored two. Dave Philhps also had two goals. COACH GENE Brown pointed out the good passwork exhibited by the Dutchmen. Specifically, he felt Rich Lopez played very well at his fullback position, moving the ball adroitly. He also had praise for White, who appears to have returned to his old form of two years ago. A foot injury and operation had dogged him last year, but his two goals and two assists proved he was up to the task again. HOPE SCORED thrice in the first half of the game. With 16:15 elapsed, Dave Phillips was assisted by White and Glenn Swier in booting home the Dutch's first goal. White scored Hope's second goal unassisted. With less than four minutes remaining in the half, Mark Van Voorst kicked home a Carlos Do Nascimento pass. THE DUTCH scored five goals in the second half. James Vannice got things started by taking a Do Nascimento assist into the nets. The second goal was by Van Voorst, whose boot was deflected into the net by a Purdue-Calumet player. Phillips scored his second goal of the game with 2 1 : 1 3 remain-
ing. Van Voorst scored again later in that half to make the score 7-0. Hope's last goal was scored by White on a Van Voorst assist. FOR MARK VAN Voorst, his three goals were the sixth, seventh, and eighth of the season. He led the team honors last year as a freshman, scoring nine goals. Manuel Cuba holds the season record with a total of 15. Hope's junior varsity soccer team now stands 1-1 after defeating Grand Rapids School of Religion and Music, and losing to Calvin. LAST WEDNESDAY, Hope was beaten by Calvin 3-0. Gary Veurink, Glenn Braker, and Bob Mills scored the Knights' goals. The score was 0-0 at the half, but Hope seemed to tire in the second half. The Dutch only took along 13 players, as opposed to the 30 Calvin had at their disposal. Monday, the jayvees trounced the Grand Rapids school 9-2. Eric Brown, Carlos Do Nascimento, and Abdel al Mana each scored two goals apiece; John Bedell, Mark McCullough, and John Van Deursen all scored one goal apiece. Tomorrow, the booters tackle Aurora College in a h o m e match starting at 1:30 p.m. at Van Raalte field. It should be a good game. Aurora defeated Hope last year 4-1, and this past week defeated Albion 3-0. Albion beat Hope twice last year.
ED SANDERS dives forward for yardage gain against the Denison Big Reds. Hope lost the game 33-19. minutes of the clock before sending second-string quarterback Ross over from the seven. Kicker Steve Bailey booted over the onepointer and with 7:47 to play in the third quarter, the Big Red was in the driver's seat, leading 19-13. Hope punter Doug Smith sent a towering punt down Denison's way after the Hope offensive machine stalled against the Big Red defense, the opposing line flexing its muscles with 260-lb. Steve Mohr at the right tackle spot. HOPE RECEIVED the ball in good position next series, and Ed
Sanders rolled over on a goal-togoal situation to tie the game at 19-19. Brown squib-kicked the extra point attempt, however, and Hope had struck for its last points of the day. Denison broke the deadlock with a pair of fourth quarter touchdowns. A bad snap to Hope punter Doug Smith gave Denison possession on the Dutch 10. Two plays later fullback Bill Harris scored his second touchdown on a one-yard plunge. Denison took the lead 26-19 as the kicker booted the ball end-over-end through the uprights.
HOPE WAS MARCHING to the Denison goal line when a Lamer fumble gave Denison possession. The winners consumed nearly seven minutes marching 88 yards in 17 plays with tailback Ed Exler scoring from the seven. The one-pointer was successful and the kick closed out the scoring at 33-19. Hope will attempt to repeat its 1971 feat when it meets Albion next Saturday at 2 p.m. in an away game. Last year the Dutchmen white-washed the Britons, 26-0.
Around the MIAA by Merlin Whiteman
Tomorrow, Hope opens MIAA warfare against Albion College. It is an important game, for a loss now might deplete the spirit that has marked the Dutchmen this year. BEFORE THE SEASON started, the MIAA coaches picked the Britons to finish last. Today they are 2-1 (that is two more games than they won all last year), and as Coach Ray Smith said, '4a vastly improved football team." Albion offensive coordinator Elkin Issac mentioned they have better personnel than last year, and the team is a year older and has matured. ONE OF THE NEW PERSONNEL is freshman John Linz of Flushing. Last week against Wabash, he threw for 163 yards and hit on 11 of 19 passes. Albion is now throwing approximately one third of the time, which might prove some trouble for Hope. According to Smith, Albion's strength seems to be on defense, especially in the line and linebackers. Before the season started, head coach Tom Taylor had recognized the offensive weakness: "One of the keys to the campaign will be how fast the offense can be molded into a smooth working unit." IT WILL BE a good game tomorrow, and one that shouldn't be taken lightly. "We don't think we are as good as you are," said Issac, but they are close. Hope is a touchdown favorite in this column.
MIAA play starts tomorrow, so it seems only right to take a quick trip around the conference. As round one of outside competition comes to an end, the MIAA stands 11-9; last year at this time, they were 10-9-1 against outside competition. ADRIAN WAS the preseason choice to take the MIAA. They may yet do that, but right now they are in the depths of a 1-3 record. Coach Bill Davis blames it on a "tremendous lack of offense." Last week against Geneva College of Pennsylvania, they were beaten 7-0, Geneva's only score coming in the second quarter. T o back up Davis' words, one finds that the Bulldogs had the ball inside their opponent's 20 yard line five times in the second half. THE LOSS OF senior Scott Montgomery, who was all MIAA last year (how that happened I'll never know) certainly hurts their offense. Their offense does return John Eva, the fifth leading rusher in the MIAA last year. Davis feels they are still contenders for the conference. " T h e first games have hurt our confidence in our offense, but we did play three tough schools. The competition will help us. We don't get down, and our boys bounce back the next day after a loss. We feel we can win our third straight title," he said.
OVER AT OLIVET I talked with AD Fritz Lewis, since Doug Kay was unavailable. Olivet is a surprising 1-2 at this point, perhaps, Lews said, "because the number of freshmen playing are a significant factor." Also, their t w o losses were to teams which had a combined record of 16-2 last year. Carrying the offensive weight will be sophomores Bill Ziem and Bob Christman. Christman, the leading scorer in the MIAA last year, is no stranger to Hope. Ziem, who Lewis described as an "on and o f f passer, enjoyed a good game against Principia, throwing for 299 yards. DEFENSE WAS the weakness at Olivet last year. Lewis felt Kay had been successful in strengthening that unit, and indeed, since the disastrous Monmouth game (47 points), they have limited their opponents to seven points a game. If Kazoo's victory over Grand Valley - 24-14 victory as compared to last year's 42-7 shellacking win - is any indication of things to come, the Hornets may be in for a dismal year. KAZOO RETURNS ONE all-MIAA player, while losing an important player who was all-conference. Dick Nolan returns for a third year at offensive tackle. However, the Hornets lost the services of Pat Walters, the leading receiver in the MIAA last year. The loss of Walters, plus the addition of "an excellent crop of returning and yearling running backs, has prompted Coach Ed Baker to change his offense. They are moving from the wide-open double slot offense, to the more conservative single slot set. Kazoo still has Larry Pfaff, leading passer last year in the league, to lead their offense. LAST, BUT NOT LEAST, we move to Alma. The Scots were picked to finish third in the league in the preseason poll, but at this time, they stand 4-0 outside the league, boasting wins over Defiance and Ferris State. "We felt it was a realistic pick at the time," head coach Phil Brooks said in reference to the poll. "Our personnel were inexperienced. We started around 12 sophomores who played behind good people last year, and thus we didn't see them in action much. We are elated to be at the point we are today, but realize the emotions and actions of conference games. We d o n ' t consider it wrapped up by any means." , > ALMA RETURNS SOME outstanding ballplayers, including all-MIAA performers Doug Nikkila and Bob Blanton, center and guard respectively. Senior quarterback Jerry Wassen has looked impressive, completing 50 percent of his passes. Also looking forward to an outstanding year is Bill Smith, a 215 pound fullback who broke the school's single game rushing record last week.