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Distiguished Faculty, Enlarged Curriculum •



Mark Academic Emphasis of Vienna Summer School Nine different courses offered during the current , session of the Hope College Vienna S u m m e r School provided students enrolled in the program with a rich variety of interesting and stimulating educational experiences. Courses taught this year include Art History, European Literature and Viennese Drama, Europe Since 1900, Elementary and Intermediate G e r m a n , G e r m a n Conversation, History of Africa, and Music History of the Baroque and Classical Period. These courses are being taught by the folowing pelople:

Art History HOPE





faculty and staff. (Left to right) First row, Professor Gearhart, Mrs. Sammern,

Dozent Dr. Macku, Dr. Fried, Mrs. Hinga, Professor Italiaander, Dean Hinga. Second Row, Mr. Sammern, Mr. Recknagcl, Dr. Lehmann, Dr. Fink, Dr. N e m e t h , Dr. Fassbinder, Mr. Schmalfuss.



Sfudenfs Meet New Foreign Minister Invite Austrian Diplomat to Hope Little more t h a n Austrian Minister of received the Hope group in the office hour-long discussion

a week after taking office as Foreign Affairs, Dr. Bruno Kreisky College Vienna Summer School of the Federal Chancellor for an of world affairs.

Dr. Kreisky, who had also met the Hope group last year when he was still State Secretary and had just returned f r o m an extensive visit to the Soviet Union, plans to travel to the United States next month. When asked by Dr. Fried if he would be able to include a stop at Holland in his American travel plans. Dr. Kreisky indicated that he would be happy to visit Hope College, if time permitted. A formal invitation has just been extended to the Austrian statesman by Dr. Lubbers, President of Hope College. Dr. Kreisky served as Austrian State Secretary f r o m 1953 until his appointment to the Foreign Ministry last month. He is regarded as one of the leading exponents of European unity and played a m a j o r part in the formation of the European Free T r a d e Association, established in July of this year. While taking a strict view of Austria's neutrality obligations. Dr. Kreisky advocates close ties to the Western world and sees Austria's future in a proWestern foreign policy. Appointed to one of the most important posts in the Austrian government at the age of forty-eight. D r . Kreisky easily qualifies as one of Austria's most brilliant and promising statesmen.

US State Departement Appoints Tysse To Attend NATO Meeting In Norway

HIS EXCELLENCY DR. B R U N O KREISKY, Austrian Minister of Foreign Affairs.

J o h n Paul Tysse, Hope College student enrolled in the history p r o g r a m of the Vienna Summer School, will represent the United States at a two week long N A T O seminar to be held at T r a n b e r g Gaard, Norway, August 15 to August 29. T h e formal appointment, confirmed by the State D e p a r t m e n t in Washington as the Anchor goes to press, came after Dr. Fried had submitted Tysse's nomination to the Association of International Relations Clubs and the Young Adult Council. T w o other US delegates as well as students f r o m all other fourteen N A T O countries are scheduled to attend the seminar as guests of the N o r w e g i a n government.

Dr. Michael Fink is a native of Vienna who has become enchanted by Art and Architecture and is enjoying his first experience as a college teacher. Dr. Fink has been associated with the Institute of European Studies as director of travel and finance for a n u m b e r of years. He is largely responsible for arranging the well planned study-tours which have been part of the Hope program for the past three years. He also plans to take a smaller g r o u p of students on an Art tour of Italy after the Vienna S u m m e r Session concludes. Dozent Dr. Anton Macku is considered the most prominent art historian in Austrian. He received his doctorate f r o m the University of Vienna in 1926 and has been associated with the institution ever since. He has written m o r e than a dozen books on architecture and many m o r e articles in professional journals. For the past several months his recent book on Vienna has held its place on the bestseller list in Austria.

European Literature and Viennese Drama Dr. Friedrich Fassbinder, a native of Vienna, teaches the course in Viennese D r a m a and also the Survey Course in European Literature. Dr. Fassbinder has written two plays and a large n u m b e r of essays, articles, and reviews. During the past s u m m e r he taught the course in German Civilization at the Hope College Summer School.

Europe Since 1900 Dr. H a r t m u t Lehmann received his doctorate in history only a few weeks before the opening of Summer School. He is a native of Wuertcmberg, G e r m a n y , and spent a year in the United States attending Virgil High School in Courtland, New York on an exchangei scholarship before entering Tuebingen University in Germany. He also attended the University of Bristol, in England, before coming to Vienna. Following the close of the Vienna Summer School, Dr. L e h m a n n will r e t u r n to Germany to take up his new position as Assistant in History at the University of Cologne.

African History Professor Rolf Italiaander is a Dutch explorer, sociologist, writer and African expert. D u r i n g the past twenty-five years he .has visited Africa ten times and has written more t h a n a dozen books about the „Dark Continent". His latest work, a seven hundred page History of Africa, clearly establishes him as one of Europe's leading African scholars. He hopes to come to the United States next year to spend a semester at Hope College as visiting professor for African history.

History of Music Dr. Carl Nemeth is a native of H u n g a r y , but a Viennese by adoption. He received his doctorate f r o m the University of Vienna ten years ago and has been extremely active as a practicing musician and as a music historian ever since. For some time he served as assistant conductor of the Vienna T o n k u e n s t k r Orchestra and has conducted concerts and operas in Germany, Austria, Italy, and Yugoslavia. For his book Franz Schmidt, A Master After Brahms and Bruckncr, he received the Austrian National Music Prize in 1957. D r . Nemeth has participated in the Hope College Vienna Summer School since 1957 and last year published a brief report on the Hope College Vienna music p r o g r a m in an Austrian periodical. continued on page two

The European edition of the Hope College is written, edited, and



Vienna, Austria by the students enrolled in the Hope College Vienna S u m m e r School


tour program. This international






is designed to acquaint the reader-






College Vienna S u m m e r School providing







program activities,





Executive Editor

VTilford A. Butler, Jr

Managing Editor

Betty jacksteit


Charles Lemmen


Layout Director

Chris VandenBerg


Dr. Paul (i. Fried


Vienna is noted for its leisurely way of life and the Viennese have been credited with coining the saying that „what doesn't get done today can be taken care of t o m o r r o w " . Local citizens enjoy lingering over a cup of coffee in a local cafe while reading the latest newspapers and magazines. T h e y enjoy „taking it easy". The students studying G e r m a n this s u m m e r at the Hope College S u m m e r School in Vienna have discovered that they do not have much time for such activities. They are too occupied attempting to compress a year's course of G e r m a n into six busy weeks of study.


pressions, and adventures of its students.



Studenfs learn Language on Location In Intensive Six Week German Program





The first and second year courses of the H o p e College S u m m e r School p r o g r a m in G e r m a n fulfill most of the d r e a m s of a language teacher. T h e r e is intensive training o v e r a relatively short period of time with the opportunity of putting theory immediately into'' practice. Both courses are being taught by Austrians who have spent at least one year of study at a college in the United States. Both instructors have experience teaching English and G e r m a n and are thus acquainted with the special problems confronting an American student learnings G e r m a n .

The students meet three hours each m o r n i n g for intensive drill in the language. Supervised drill and private tutoring are provided during two hours in the afternoon. A second native speaker is available to each class during part of this period. H o m e w o r k assignments for the next day complete the formal classroom work, hut instruction in the language does not cease when the students leave the classroom. All students are housed with private families. I hey thus have an opportunity to talk to the landlady and to experience how a typical Austrian family lives. Further conversational p a r t n e r s are the policeman on the corner, the streetcar conductor and the waiter in the restaurant. T h e theater and opera, movies, and newspapers provide o t h e r good sources of stimulation and practice in the language. T h e students must continually utilize what they are formally learning. Conversation students are required to meet with tutors each week and are evaluated on the basis ol the improvement made in oral facility. T h e environmental conditions described above apply to these students also, and they can frequently utilize the language while w o r k i n g on projects for other courses.

on « Summer

The time has come for an .evaluation of" our accomplishments of the past few weeks. T h e s u m m e r which appeared so long to us last spring has become inevitably shorter and we are rapidly approaching the conclusion of an unusual academic p r o g r a m . I use the term academic* because the p r o g r a m this s u m m e r has demanded serious scholarship and earnest endeavor from all of us. T h e r e are people who are dubious about combining study and travel, for they feel that by the division of interest neither purpose is actually accomplished. O u r tour had little in c o m m o n with that of the average tourist — as a perusal of the itenerary printed in the last issue may have revealed. Briefings of a high quality helped to form a general and meaningful European background for the six week study-period in Vienna. We have been able to contrast the old and new, the past and the present in our experiences each day. T h e p r o g r a m has been complex in its scope, but careful organization has provided a meaningful integration of activities and study. Courses taught by excellent professors, some unique in their field, have been interesting and exacting. Special briefings and guest lectures by experts in various areas have aided in providing a fuller comprehension of the subject-matter. Work on individual study-projects has stimulated independent initiative and resourcefulness and has brought about new contacts and new concepts. G r o u p excursions have taken us to the various centers of European culture and have helped to provide us with a better understanding of European civilization. Our horizons have been broadened in many ways. Some of us have made acquaintances which will prove rewarding for years to come. All of us have gained new impressions and insights. Exposure to different points-of-view has forced us to take a new approach to old problems and to think before m a k i n g value judgments. It has been refreshing to be subjected to a different intellectual, social and cultural environment. I am certain that the academic experience of this s u m m e r will stand out as m e m o r a b l e and important in the perspective of the total college p r o g r a m . It will remain memorable because of the m a n y and unusual experiences we have had as individuals and as a group, and it will remain important because it will act as an influencing factor in all of o u r subsequent educational endeavors. We shall have ample opportunity to draw upon the information gained f r o m o u r study in Vienna, and most of us can leave with a feeling of satisfaction knowing that we have worked diligently and that we have achieved at least a modicum of success in a unique educational venture. E. F. G e a r h a r t

% P A N O R A M I C VIEW O F V I E N N A with Belvedere Palace in the foreground.

Hope Summer School Faculty concluded jrom page one

Elementary and Intermediate German

Summer School Administrative Staff

Mr. Fritz von S a m m e r n - F r a n k e n e g g , though only in his late twenties, qualifies as the oldest Austrian member of the Hope College Vienna S u m m e r School staff, having traveled with the first experimental Hope group which came to Austria in 1956. After the 1957 Vienna S u m m e r School, Sammern went to the United States as a teaching assistant and graduate student at Johns Hopkins University. During his year in America he also spent a week at Hope College. He returned to Vienna in time to work with the 1958 Hope group. At the end of last s u m m e r he was married to Miss Karin Lindell of Stockholm, Sweden, who now assists her husband as a t u t o r in the Intermediate G e r m a n course. Mr. S a m m e r n has spent the past year working on his doctoral dissertation which he hopes to complete this winter in Sweden. Mr. Alfred Schmalfuss, who has charge of the course in Elementary G e r m a n , teaches G e r m a n and English at a Vienna High School. He, too, has done g r a d u a t e work at the University of Vienna and has spent a year at an American university as an exchange student. He was recently selected by the University of Vienna to conduct a special course in e l e m e n t a r y English for faculty of the University's Medical College. At present Mr. Schmalfuss is working on his thesis for his Ph. D. After obtaining his doctorate he hopes to teach in the United States. Mr. G u n t e r Recknagel is a young American who was born and raised in G e r m a n y and now is studying at Heidelberg College. He is in Vienna both to study history and literature and to act as assistant to the introductory G e r m a n course. He is enjoying his contact with American collegians and looks f o r w a r d to attending college in the United States sometime soon.

Dr. Paul G. Fried is Associate Professor of History at Hope College and the director of the Vienna S u m m e r School p r o g r a m . He is a native E u r o p e a n and holds degrees f r o m Hope College, H a r v a r d University, and the University of Erlangen. Since the end of the Second World W a r he has spent ten s u m m e r s in E u ro p e , a fact which may account for his intimate knowledge of interesting places and fine r e s t a u r a n t s in all p a r t s of the Continent.

German Language Supervisor Professor Ezra G e a r h a r t is chaiman of the G e r m a n Department at Hope College and in Vienna supervises the G e r m a n l a n g u a g e p r o g r a m . He is a g r a d u a t e of Hope College and Indiana University. He developed his G e r m a n language skill while stationed in G e r m a n y at the end of the Second W o r l d W a r and as a Fulbright student in Vienna a few y e a r s T a t e r . Mr. G e a r h a r t is spending part of his time in Vienna p r e p a r i n g a text edition of Rolf Italiaander's Hatis and Jean as a second G e r m a n reader.

Faculty Chaperones Dean and Mrs. Milton L. H i n g a are accompanying the Hope College g r o u p as faculty chaperones. Mrs. Hinga is a g r a d u a t e of Albion College and Mr. Hinga, on leave f r o m his job as Dean of Students at Hope College, is a g r a d u a t e of K a l a m a z o o College and Columbia University. M r . Hinga, who has t a u g h t E u r o p e a n history at Hope College f o r o v e r twenty-five years, is thoroughly e n j o y i n g this first-hand contact with the things he has discussed in his classes in the p a s t .

I A U G U S T 1959



Variety of Academic, Cultural, and Social Activities Occupies Hope Students During Stay in Austrian Capital July 12 (Sun)

July 18 (Sat)

11:30 PM

Protestant Service at Vienna Community Church held in the First Reformed Church in Vienna, Dorotheergasse 16. Lunch at Neuer M a r k t 1. Special guest: Mr. O t t o - Z e n o Steffens, Director of the Fulda T i r e Company in G e r m a n y .

12:45 PM

July 13 (Mon) 4:30 PM


Attendance at Concert in the Arkadenhof of the Vienna R a t h a u s . T i c k e t s for Music students available from Dr. Nemeth.

July 19 (Sun) 11:30 PM Protestant Service in Vienna Community Church.

American Embassy Briefing by Mr. Ralph Jans, Political Affairs Officer at the United States Embassy in Austria for the entire Hope College group. Mr. Jans, Second Secretary of the American Embassy, will briefly comment on current problems in Austrian politics and on United States relations with Austria.

July 14 ( T u e ) 2:15 PM






Left to

„Wege des Kunststudiums", first in a series of Art History lectures in G e r m a n given by Professor Macku for the Oberlin group. Flope students who can follow the lectures in G e r m a n are invited to attend as auditors. Lueger Platz. Guest lecture by Dipl. Ing. Rudolf T r i m mel, board m e m b e r of the Austrian Airlines and leading Austrian Socialist on „Economic and Social Causes and Consequences of the Collapse of the AustroHungarian Monarchy 4 4 . Required for European History students, others invited. Neuer M a r k t 1.

4:30 PM

Right: Mary Hoffmyer, Charles Lemmen, John Gilmore, Joyce Vanderkolk, Anne Wiegerink, Dr. Fried.

July 6 (Mon) 9:00 AM 7:30 PM

All Classes begin at Luegcr Platz. Optional visit to the Volksoper for perf o r m a n c e of F r a n z Lehar's „Das Land des Lachelns 4 '.

July 15 (Wed) 2:15 PM

July 7 ( T u e ) 4:00 PM

Guest Lecture by Professor Rudolf Streng, first cellist of the Vienna State Opera and and the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, on Viennese Musical life and the Salzb u r g Festival. Neuer M a r k t 14, required for Viennese D r a m a students.

7:00 PM

Lecture in G e r m a n by Rolf Italiaander at the Institut f u r Volkerkunde, Reitschulgasse 2, on „Politische und geistig^ Stromungen im heutigen W e s t a f r i k a " . Students invited.

July 8 (Wed) 1:15 PM

7:00 PM

4:30 PM

6:30 PM

Optional O r g a n Cathedral.

1:00 PM

Visit to the D o m i n i k a n e r Kirche for students of Art History and others interested. Leave f r o m Neuer M a r k t with Dr. Fink. „Vom U r s p r u n g der Kunst 44 Professor Macku for Oberlin students, others invited. Lueger Platz. „A Look at East and'"Central Africa. 44 Lecture with color slides by Professor Italiaander at Lueger Platz. African History class only.

5:00 PM

Recital in St. Stephan's

4:30 PM

Attendance at a G e r m a n film required for Dr. Fassbinder's students.

7:30 PM

Lecture in G e r m a n by Rolf Italiaander at the Selebula bookshop, Getreidemarkt 17, on the topic „ l m Lande Albert Schweitzers". Students who understand G e r m a n are invited to attend this Autorenabend.

4:30 PM

8:00 PM

Visit to St. Stephan's Cathedral with Dr. Fink. Required for students of Art History, a limited n u m b e r of others may join the group for the tour. Leave f r o m Neuer M a r k t 1 at 1 :oo PM. Attendance at a concert of Baroque Music in the Palais . Rasumofsky, III., Rasumofskygasse 23. Required for students in Music History course. Meet with Dr. Nemeth at 7:45 PM in f r o n t of the Palais.

11 :oo AM

Field trip to the Karlskirche for Art History Class. Depart with Dr. Fink f r o m Lueger Platz.

1 .-30 PM

Guest lecture by Dr. Richard Sickinger of the Austrian Cultural Institute in London on „Austrian Political Parties 44 for European History class and guests. At Neuer M a r k t 14.

July 22 (Wed)

Excursion to Monastery at Heiligenkreuz, a twelfth century Cistercian monastery for the entire group. Attendance is required for students in A r t History and Literature courses. All others are invited. T h e r e will be two buses leaving Neuer M a r k t 1. R e t u r n to Vienna before 6:00 PM.

„Michelangelo as Painter and Sculptor. 44 Professor Macku, required for A r t History class, others invited.


July 23 ( T h u ) 11 :oo AM

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4:30 PM

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All-College Lecture „Report on Russia Today 4 4 by Professor Hans R o g g e r of Sarah Lawrence College. All classes will be dismissed to permit everyone to attend. Lueger Platz.

July 24 (Fri)




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Visit to Austrian Federal Minister of Foreign Affairs for reception by the New Austrian Foreign Minister, Dr. Bruno Kreisky. He will discuss the role of Austria in the new European Free T r a d e Association. Attendance required for all members of the Vienna S u m m e r School. Departure f r o m Neuer Markt 4:00 PM.

July 25 (Sat) 8:00 A M

July 11 (Sat) 1 :oo PM

„My Expedition through Western Africa." Lecture with color slides by Professor Italiaander f o r African History class. All other students and guests are invited. Lueger Platz.

July 21 ( T u e )

July 10 (Fri) 1:15 PM


July 20 (Mon)


Guest lecture by Dozent Dr. Macku on „Greek and R o m a n Architecture 4 ' required for students in Art History, all others invited. Lecture in G e r m a n translated by Dr. Fink.

Hovey, John Teusink,

Joan Lunde, Terry Szold, Virginia Dornbos, Doris Stuart Thompson.

July 17 (Fri)

July 9 ( T h u ) 2:15 PM

garden restaurant. Left to Right: Larry

J u l y 16 ( T h u )

2:15 PM Visit to Museum fur Volkerkunde, African Section, with Mr. Italiaander, for students in African History. Leave Neuer M a r k t 1 at 1 :oo PM with Mr. Spegg.

V I E N N A SUMMER S C H O O L S T U D E N T S at the Heiligenkreuz

„Palace Architecture in Venice, Florence, and R o m e . " Professor Macku, required for Art History class, others invited. Lueger Platz. Visit to the French Embassy to discuss French policy in Africa. M e m b e r s of the African History class only. Meet at Neuer M a r k t and leave f r o m there at 4:15 PM. „ T a l e s of Hoffmann 4 4 Motion picture visit for students of Dr. Fassbinder.

Departure f o r all-day excursion to F o r tress Forchtenstein, Roman c a m p at Carn u n t u m , Eisenstadt, and H u n g a r i a n border. Visit to the Haydn Museum. A t t e n d a n c e at the Seefestspiel in Morbisch to see o u t door p e r f o r m a n c e of J o h a n n Strauss' „ T h e Gypsy Baron 4 '. T i c k e t s and bus trans portation provided for all. Lunch and dinner will be arranged f o r the whole group.

July 26 (Sun) 11:3o A M TWELFTH C E N T U R Y Hciligenkrcuz




Protestant Service in Vienna C o m m u n i t y Church. T h e Hope College g r o u p will f o r m a choir for the service.







Study of Art, Music, History and Literature Includes Numerous Field Trips, Excursions, and Guest Lectures August 1 (Sat) Morning free to visit Hohensalzburg Castle and tour Salzburg. Performance The Magic Flute.

8:00 PM

August 2 (Sun) 11 :oo AM 2:00 PM

Mozart Matinee. Field trip for Art History class only. „Architecture of Salzburg". Leave hotel with Dr. Fink at 2:00 PM. Outdoor performance of Jedermann. Followed by dinner and departure lor return trip to Vienna.

5:00 PM


PLAGE and Museum at Rohrau

July 27 (Mon) 2:00 PM

Visit to Haydn Exhibit for Music History class. Meet with Dr. Nemeth at Neuer M a r k t 1 at 1 PM.


July 28 ( T u e ) 2:00 PM

Briefing at the Institute for Eastern European Studies for students of European History. Leave with Dr. Lehmann f r o m N e u e r M a r k t 1 at 1145 PM. 4:00 PM Special Reception f o r Professor Dr. H u g o Hantsch, the academic head of the Institute of European Studies, and Dr. Paul Dengler of the Austro-American Institute of Education.

FINAL S C E N E O F T H E 1959 Salzburg Production of Mozart's Magic Flute, conducted by George Szell.

August 3 (Mon) 1:15 PM

July 29 (Wed) 1:30 PM

T o u r of the Ring Strasse for Art History class. Leave Neuer M a r k t at 1 :oo PM with Dr. Fink.

2:00 PM

July 30 ( T h u ) 1130 PM

D e p a r t u r e for week-end excursion to Salzburg and Berchtesgaden. Leave f r o m N e u e r M a r k t 1. Since we are going' to G e r m a n y , be sure to take passports. Dinner and overnight at Hotel Konigsee in Berchtesgaden, G e r m a n y .

August 9 (Sun) 11130 AM English Service at First Reformed Church in Vienna. August 10 (Mon) 11 :oo AM Guest lecture and discussion in European History class: „ T h e Hungarian Revolt, Suez, and the Lebanon Crisis". Personal observations and comments by Max Eisler, senior reporter for the Austrian Radio Network. 5:00 PM Radio interview (in G e r m a n ) on reactions to and observations in Vienna by Hope Students enrolled in the S u m m e r School program. 7:00 PM „Ancient Folk music and Modern African Music." Lecture by Professor Italiaander, illustrated by slides and tapes. Open to all students of the Summer School. August 11 ( T u e ) 2:15 PM „From Post-impressionism to Abstract Art in Painting." Dozent Dr. Macku. 4:30 PM Special lectures for Music Class by Dr. Nemeth. August 12 (Wed) Final Examinations begin. For specific times consult individual schedules. August 13 ( T h u ) Final Examinations end. 8:00 PM Farewell Banquet for students and faculty of the Vienna Summer School at the Palais Palavicini. August 14 (Fri) 9:00 AM Closing Convocation for S u m m e r Session. 12:00 PM Lunch at Neuer M a r k t . P r o g r a m f o r S u m m e r Session ends.

August 4 ( T u e ) 2:00 PM

July 31 (Fri) Free morning for sightseeing, swimming, etc. at Konigsee in Berchtesgaden. A f t e r n o o n trip to Salzburg with visit to an Austrian salt mine at Hallein. Dinner and overnight at Hotel Pitter, Salzburg.

Visit to the „Figaro H o u s e " for Music History class. Leave with Dr. Nemeth f r o m Neuer M a r k t 1. Excursion to Burgenland and H u n g a r i a n Border for m e m b e r s of Second Year G e r m a n class together with Austrian students. Leave with M r . S a m m e r n - F r a n k e n e g g f r o m Neuer M a r k t at 1145 PM.

August 8 (Sat) 8:30 AM All-day excursion to the Melk Monastery and the W a c h a u . Leave by bus f r o m Neuer M a r k t . Guided tour of baroque abbey, library, and church at Melk by Dr. Fink, required for Art History students, others invited. T r a v e l by ship f r o m Melk to K r e m s to visit Gothic exhibition there. Supper at Goettweig Monastery.

5:00 PM

Guided tour and examination of Imperial Music I n s t r u m e n t Collection in National Library for Music History Class. Dr. Victor Luithlen, director of the collection, will guide the group. Meet with Dr. Nemeth Neuer M a r k t 1 at 1:45 PM. „My Three Visits with Dr. Albert Schweitzer in L a m b a r e n e . " Special lecture, with slides, by Professor Italiaander, for members of the African History class and guests. All students are invited. T h e African History Class will leave after the lecture for an outing at Grinzing.

August 5 (Wed) 1130 PM

Excursion to Belvedere Palace for Art History class. Leave with Dr. Fink f r o m Neuer M a r k t 1.

August 6 ( T h u ) 11 :oo AM

Visit the Kunsthistorisches M u s e u m to examine paintings of the Venetian School . with Dr. Fink. 2:15 PM Visit to the Rubens Collection in the Kunsthistorisches Museum with Dozent Dr. Macku. Leave f r o m N e u e r M a r k t 1. 7:00 P M Special Hope College briefing on US Information Services to be held at the Amerika H a u s by t h i director, M r . Borup. Guided tour t h r o u g h the facilities, films, and discussion. Required for students in Contemporary European History, all others invited.

A u g u s t 7 (Fri) 3:00 PM

8:00 PM

SALZBERGBAHN HALLEIN-DORNBERG. Students visiting the 300 year old salt mine at Hallein traveled by cable car to the top o f this mountain, and returned through the mountain by underground railway, corssing a salt lake in a cave, and going down wooden slides.

Visit to the M u s e u m der Stadt Wien for Literature students. Leave with Dr. Fassbinder f r o m Neuer M a r k t . Visit to Schonbrunn for G e r m a n classes. Attendance at J o s e p h H a y d n ' s „ T h e World on the M o o n " in the Schlosstheater at Schonbrunn. Required for Music History class. T i c k e t s also available free of c h a r g e for First and second year G e r m a n students. A few additional tickets are available at 24.— Austrian Schilling from Frau Neumann.

Many students plan to spend part of their time traveling through the Alps.

3:00 P M

Italian T o u r begins.

leaves. Independent


August 31 (Mon) 12:00 P M Students sailing on SS Waterman assemble in R o t t e r d a m for r e t u r n trip. Mr. and Mrs. Hinga will be at the Hotel Laurens f r o m the evening of August 29th on. Students are asked to check in with them on arrival in Rotterdam. September 2 (Wed) 8:00 A M Students returning to the United States by air assemble f o r joint travel in London. Dr. Fried will be m the Hotel Tavistock, London, f r o m the evening of August 31st on. Students are asked to check in with him on arrival in London. 9:30 A M Air passengers stop in Dublin, Ireland f o r a twelve h o u r layover. September 3 (Thu) 11:15 Students traveling by air arrive in New Y o r k , International Airport. September 9 (Wed) Morning Students traveling on the S. S. Waterman arrive in New Y o r k .

A U G U S T 1959



Dutch Explorerv Author, and Lecturer Relates

Death Comes to Jedermann

Experiences of Ten Tours to the Dark Continent

T h e three and a half day excursion to Berchtesgaden and Salzburg proved to be not only a pleasant interlude a f t e r r a t h e r strenous mid-term e x a m s but an exciting experience for all those who love mountains, music, and art. T h o u g h the mountains a r o u n d the Konigssee were partly hidden in clouds the majesty ancl beauty of the Alps was .something none of us could fail to enjoy. , , ; . None the less, everyone was eager to arrive in Salzburg. Most Hope students had tickets to at least one Festival p e r f o r m a n c e ; a few were f o r t u n a t e enough to see The Magic Flute, listen to a Mozart Matinee, and attend the Jedermann p e r f o r m a n c e . For me, seeing this play alone was easily worth the long trip from Vienna. Sitting in the square facing the Salzburg Cathedral I watched in fascination as from the pages of medieval history flowed the story of Jedermann, the portrayal of E v e r y m a n ' s confrontation with death. T h e presentation of this ancient morality play, adapted by Hugo von H o f m a n n s t h a l , was certainly in keeping with the high quality of artistic production which has made the Salzburg Festival world famous. Before our eyes unfolded the story of a young man possessed with wealth, health and friendship. Everyman lived in a comfortable fashion with little concern for his poor neighbors and the debtor in chains. However, in the midst of his feasting and jubilation E v e r y m a n was rudely surprised by the sound of his n a m e being echoed t h r o u g h o u t the courtyard by eerie voices gravely chanting f r o m the tops of buildings and church towers.





DISCUSSING PROBLEMS of Portuguese Government in Angola with African History Class. Seated

right to left are: Professor Italiaander, Mary Schur?, Owen Rottsdiafer, Mary Hoffmyer, John Tysse, George Birdsong, Jere Williams, Larry Hovey, Carol Luth.

The momenl I met liolj Ualiaander / recognized him for what he was, is, and will always he, a grand champion of the personal claims of every separate and distinct person to be himself as nature has made him, or herself as nature has made her, no matter to what race or tribe or nation such a person may belong. John Cow per Powys It would be hard for a student to describe a man like Rolf Italiaander adequately. He is a scholar and a distinguished writer; he is also an explorer and something of an adventurer, and he certainly is an inspiring lecturer. His interest in Africa, her people and her history, dates back to 1933 when, as an eighteen year old youth, he entered the French Foreign Legion. T h o u g h ill health forced him to leave the Legion before signing all the processing papers, this small taste of Africa interested him so much that he determined to m a k e this his field of concentrated effort and began preparation for the first of the expeditions — this time a simple m a t t e r which consisted mainly of purchasing a bicycle. T h e Africans were very much amazed at this m o d e r n convenience since he was the first to cycle across the Sahara. (He assures us that now there are many bicycles in this part of the country.) T h i n k how startled the Africans would have been to see him gliding which was his favorite sport at the age of fifteen and the topic of his first book.

A f t e r the completion of his first trip, he returned to study at different high schools and universities in Europe. But books are not enough in the study of modern Africa and so it was off again to the Dark Continent. Because of the expense involved 'in expeditions, and Africa being expensive in any case, Mr. Italiaander travels alone and hires guides for the various sections he . visits. His technique has developed to include the use of tape recorders with which he records native songs and chants to go along with his comprehensive series of slides and documentary films for television.

Stresses African Culture In order to get a full picture of native psychology, which Mr. Italiaander feels is so vitally necessary for understanding the African, he has gone to great length to collect documents of African culture. T h i s has resulted in his translating their poetry and proverbs, as well as collecting m o d e r n African art. In fact, he has just published a book of poems, a n o t h e r of proverbs, his first records will be coming o u t in October, and the English edition of his history of Africa will be available soon — watch for these. T o r o u n d out his schedule, which now includes teaching at o u r s u m m e r school and lecturing in various countries, ,Mr. Italiaander is working on the revision of his history of Africa, one of his m o r e than twenty publications.

PROFESSOR R O L F ITALIAANDER and Prime Minister of Ghana, D R . Kwawe N k r u m a h .

Autor of Many Books He has written several novels about Africa designed especially for the youth in line with his theory that it is with the younger generation our hopes for better international relationships lie. It is this fact which impels him to take the time to teach this course. He has the burning desire to share his knowledge and experiences with as m a n y as possible. Judy Van Dyke and Rowland Van Es



A C T O R WILL Q U A D F L I E G portrays Jedermann in the Salzburg Festival


Death suddenly appeared behind E v e r y m a n informing him that the hour had come for him to account for his life before the throne of God. With anxiety and fear E v e r y m a n sought advice and assistance f r o m various sources. His friends were quick to refuse to accompany him on his journey to God's judgment. Relatives also declined assistance with faulty excuses and his great riches represented by M a m m o n were of no value in the final hours of life. Even Good Deeds could afford only little aid as they weakly cried out while beng supported on crutches. Finally Good Deeds called forth Faith in a hopeful plea for E v e r y m a n ' s assistance before God. C o n f r o n t e d by Faith, E v e r y m a n eventually came to a strong belief in God's unending forgiveness and mercy. In repentance E v e r y m a n accepted the atoning powers of a belief in Jesus Christ and went off to be clothed in the purity of a white robe. T h e play was a reminder that to every m a n comes the h o u r when he has to face the question of the m e a n i n g of life. Every m a n must m a k e his decision to live f o r the Devil o r for God, to dwell in riotous living and 'disregard the responsibilities which God places upon men in h u m a n relationships or unite Faith with Good Deeds in an acceptance of God's mercy and forgiveness which flows as an endlessly cleansing stream t h r o u g h the r e p e n t a n t child of God. W e r ist J e d e r m a n n ? Du und du, Und auch ich. Albert Fasslcr



A U G U S T 1959

1959 Vienna Summer School Group Pauses for Picture on Steps of Maria Theresa's Schonbrunn Palace Near Vienna F I R S T R O W (Left to right): Mrs. Milton L. Hinga, W o m e n ' s Counselor for the Hope College Vienna S u m m e r School; Professor Rolf Italiaander, visiting professor of African History; Faythe n u f f y i t^cnison University; Dr. Michael Fink, lecturer in Art History; Mr. Ezra G e a r h a r t , Chairman of the G e r m a n Department at Hope College and Director of the G e r m a n p r o g r a m of the Vienna S u m m e r School; Mr. Fritz von Sammern Frankenegg, instructor of Second Year Germ a n ; Mr. Alfred Schmalfuss, instructor of First Year G e r m a n ; Dr. Paul Fried, Director of the Hope College Vienna Summer School.

S E C O N D R O W : Mr. Milton L. Hinga, Dean of Students at Hope College; Barbara G a r n e r , Albion College; Joan Lunde, Fullerton Junior College; T e r r y Szold, Pratt Institute; Judy Van Dyke, Hope College, Judy Blackburn, University of Michigan; J o h n Gilmore, Hope College.


THIRD R O W : J a m e s VanderLind, Hope College; Anne Wiegerink, Hope College; Ellen Schwarz, University of D e l e w a r e ; Virginia Dornbos, Miami University; Barbara Emmick, Hope College; Mr. Hans Ludwig Spegg, Assistant to Mr. I t a l i a a n d e r ; F. Robert Lehmeyer, J o h n Hopkins University; Dr. H a r t m u t Lehmann, lecturer in European History.

F O U R T H R O W : J a n e t Owen, Hope College; Nancy Raymer, Hope College; Betty Jacksteit, Hope College; Winona Keizer, Hope College; Betsy Palmer, Wellesley College; Betty Vicha, Hope College; Joyce VanderKolk, Hope College; Mary H o f f m y e r , Hope College; Ralph Wright, Colgate University; Paul VandenBout, Calvin College.

F I F T H R O W : Doris M a r a n g e l o , University of Michigan, William Dean, N o r t h w e s t e r n University; J o h n T e u s i n k , Hope College; Miriam Klaaren, Hope College; Carol VanderMeer, Hope College; J e r e Williams, W a s h ington and Lee University; Shelby Braaksma, Hope College; Albert Fassler, Hope College; Carol Luth, Hope College; Loretta Plassche, Hope College; Judy Tysse, Hope College; Mary Schurz, Denison University; Susan Rigsbee, Dominican College; Lynn Van't Hof, Hope College; Rowland Van Es, Hope College; Richard Hertel, Hope College.

S I X T H R O W : Larry Hoeve, St. Olaf College; Stuart T h o m p s o n , St. Olaf College; William Berg, St. Olaf College; J o h n Bielema, Calvin College; Wilford Butler, Western Michigan University; David Myers, University of Michigan; Charles L e m m e n , Hope College; William Jones, Hope College; Robert D e n h a m , Hope College; G u e n t e r Recknagel, Heidelberg College; Richard Cook, Hope College; David White, Hope College.

S E V E N T H R O W : O w e n Rottschafer, Calvin College; Nick VanderBorgh, Hope College; Chris VandenBerg, Calvin College; William H a r m s , Hope College; Charles Mantle, Hope College; George Birdsong, Washington and Lee University, J o h n Tysse, Hope College. Not pictured: M a r s h a - J o Demorest, University of Michigan; Michael Murphy, Villanova University.


and Faculty of the

Hope College Vienna Summer School Extend Greetings to all Alumni and Friends*

Schonbrunn Palace, built in the eigteenth century, is sometimes regarded as a copy of the m o r e elaborate Palace of Louis XIV at Versailles. T h o u g h less well k n o w n t h a n its French C o u n t e r p a r t , it is much m o r e intimate and c h a r m i n g . Like Versailles, Schonbrunn Palace has seen m u c h history in the making. Maria

Varied Travel Plans Take Summer Students To All Parts of Europe T w o questions were heard again and again in student conversation during the last weeks of the Vienna Summer School — „I hate to leave Vienna, don't y o u ? " and „ W h a t are you doing d u r i n g y o u r free travel period?" A curious combination, these questions expressed both the students' reluctance to leave a city they have grown to love and their g r e a t desire to see m o r e of Europe and to apply the skills in international living which they have gained in the tour preceding their arrival in Vienna and during their six-week stay with Viennese families.

T h e r e s a raised her T h i r t e e n children here. Napoleon occupied the palace in his m a r c h of conquest, and the Congress of Vienna celebrated his d e f e a t in its ballrooms. T o d a y the Palace is a favorite attraction for Viennese and foreign visitors.



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From Turkey to Norway T h e students' plans for independent travel are as diverse as their personalities and backgrounds. Some will spend the two weeks with E u r o p e a n relatives o r friends, getting to know the E u r o p e a n people m o r e intimately. Some will travel f r o m city to city, acquainting themselves with the E u r o p e which can be seen and felt in its architecture and art. Some will fly f r o m Vienna to distant cities. Some will take second class trains t h r o u g h the night and visit cities and towns during the day. T w o students will travel as far as T u r k e y . A few will go directly to the city of their ree m b a r k a t i o n . Some students will travel by a u t o motorcycle, while most will use public transportation. For some students everything will go smoothly. For others problems will arise. But to all will come a deeper appreciation of a Europe which they have been preparing themselves to meet.

Italian Tour Program Eleven students and Mr. and -Mr^. Hinga will participate in a ten-day tour of Italy conducted by D r . Fink, instructor in A r t History. T h e g r o u p will visit Venice, Padua, Verona, Ravenna, Assisi, Rome, Siena, Florence, and Pisa. An intensive study of the history and development of the cities will give meaning to their appearances today. T h e r e will also be opportunity f o r personal, subjective investigation of the n a t u r e and spirit of the I t a l i a n people and their country. Charles Lemmen

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