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W h a t General Synod voted unanimously at A s bu ry Park, N. J., June 12, 1905. I. That w e thankfully acknowledge the goodness of the great H e a d of the Church, in the labors of our Foreign Missionary Boards an d of our Missionaries, and in the results which by His blessing have followed t h e m during the past year. II. That w e are profoundly convinced that “the opportunities open to all our Missions for larger w o r k of every sort are a distinct call of G o d to the Church to attempt greater things for H i m , assured that it will receive greater things from H i m . ” III. That, in obedience to this call an d in the n a m e of our divine Master, w e urge all our Ministers, Consistories and Churches to m a k e the enlargement of our Foreign Missionary w o r k a matter of earnest thought and prayer, and to endeavor to secure, from the very beginning of the year n o w opening, prompt and increased con­ tributions to this cause. IV. That the efficient maintenance of our Missions d e m a n d s of our Church not less than $150,000 for the regular w o r k of the Board, and not less than $20,000 for the Arabian Mission, an d that w e as Ministers and Elders will use our best endeavors towards securing these amounts. V. That in view of the great importance of educating our children and youth in the knowledge and love of Foreign M i s ­ sions, w e heartily c o m m e n d the n e w methods employed by the Y o u n g Peoples’ Leag ue and urge a wide dissemination of the M i s ­ sionary literature issued by our several Boards. VI. That the first S u n d a y in N o v e m b e r be again set apart as Foreign Missionary Sunday.

The Seventy-Third Annual Report OF T H E

Board of porei^i? /lyissioi?8 O F T H E R E F O R M E D C H U R C H IN A M E R I C A AND


With the Treasurer’s Tabular and Summary Reports Receipts for the year ending April, 30, 1905




REPORT. T h e Bo ar d of Foreign Missions presents to the S y n o d its Sev­ enty-third Annu al Report, the forty-eighth of its separate and in­ dependent action. 1 W i t h unfeigned sorrow it records the loss from Dr. Wells. its counsels of the Rev. C. L. Wells-, D. E>.; for forty years a valued and conspicuously useful member. Elected in 1864, he served continuously till his death. His devotion to the w o r k of the Board w a s m a r k e d and unflag­ ging. B y his constant attendance, his intelligent and s y m p a ­ thetic interest an d his prudent an d sagacious j u d g m e n t he ren­ dered unceasingly valuable aid to the Board and its Executive Committee in their deliberations. B y his forceful presentation of the w o r k of our Missions and their needs in the various assemblies '1 of the Church, he did m u c h to advance their interests. Nor, did .he ever fail generously and promptly, to respond to any call for service. T h e Board deeply feels his loss, which is the loss of the entire Chur ch as well, and has placed on record a minute expres­ sive of its sorrow and appreciation. ■ Fo r the fourth consecutive year, the Board re­ NoDebt. joices to greet the S y n o d without the burden of debt and with a small balance to be carried, over to the n e w year. Particular statements as to 'its finances will be found later in this report. Bu t it seems proper here to refer to the great anxiety which preceded the liappy outcome just reported. F o r m a n y months the receipts s h ow ed a d o w n w a r d tendency. In January the situation appeared so serious, and a considerable debt at the end of the year so inevitable, that special measures were taken to avert such an issue. Drastic instructions were sent to the Missions in regard to expenditure. A special Committee on Resources w a s appointed. A n appeal for help w a s issued to the churches and met a. very general, prompt and generous response. T h e receipts for M a r c h and April were $50,370.92. T h e deficit

disappeared and the issue, so m u c h dreaded, w a s averted. T h e Bo ar d cannot refrain from expressing its congratulatioris to the Chur ch and its gratitude to G o d for this happy result. T h e Arcot Mission completed fifty years of The Deputation, organized and successful labor in 1903. Fo r various reasons the formal celebration of this • “Jubilee” w a s ‘deferred till January, 1905. D e e m i n g the occa­ sion worthy of such recognition, and in compliance with the earnest request of the Mission, a Deputation w a s appointed to rep­ resent the Board and the Church at this celebration. It w a s re­ quested also to visit the other Missions of the Chur ch in'Asia in due course. T h e Deputation consisted of the President and the Corresponding Secretary of the Board and Mrs. E. E. Olcott, one of the secretaries of and representing the W o m a n ’s Board of Foreign Missions. T h e y were accompanied by the wife of the President, Mrs. Hutton, and Mr . Alfred V. S. Olcott. T h e y sailed from N e w Y o r k on October 8, 1904, and reached San Francisco on their return on April 20, 1905, having visited every one of the Missions, Arabia included. Their presence w a s every­ where hailed with satisfaction. O f the m a n y expressions of that satisfaction, both formal and informal, the following deliverance of the N o rt h Japan Mission m a y be taken as an example: “W e , the No rt h Ja pa n Mission of the R e f o r m e d C h u r c h in America, hereby express to the Deputation of the Boards * * * the great pleasure that w e have experienced in having t h em with us, even though for a few days only. Their s y m p a ­ thetic interest in the various parts of our w o r k and their help­ ful and inspiring words, both in private and in public, have given encouragement to us and have, w e trust, opened wider s o m e doors of opportunity. * * * W e feel that their visit to our Mission fields will be blessed both to the Church at h o m e and to the M i s ­ sions, and it is our hope that w e m a y often have such visits from officers of our Boards and friends of our Missions.” In this opinion of the value of such visits, at suitable intervals, not toO great, the B o a r d concurs. T h e y establish a b o n d of s y m ­ pathy and union between the Board and Church at h o m e and the Missions, and open paths of influence and information impos­ sible to attain through the m e d i u m of correspondence. Fo r these

and'other reasons they are b e c o m i n g increasingly c o m m o n in the practice of other Foreign Mission Boards. It is proper to state that the expenses of the Corresponding Secretary only were paid by the Board, and that these were reduced to a m i n i m u m , the entire cost to the Board and the Arabian Mission, (one-fifth to the latter), being $1037. » > T h e reports from the several Missions printed The Missions, herewith, s h o w that their w o r k has been prose­ cuted in the face of m a n y discouragements, and yet with encouragements of no m e a n order or degree. ” In China and India the dreaded plague has proved a “horrible hindrance,” in the latter to an extent hardly k n o w n heretofore in the experience of the Mission. T o w n s were deserted of their inhabitants for months during the early part of the year, and the church and school w o r k and even business c a m e to a stand­ still. D u r i n g the later m o n t h s the pressure wa s relieved and things resumed m o r e nearly their normal condition. In China a single church, T o n g - A n , reports the death of eleven m e m b e r s and m a n y hearers by this disease during the year. In the past ten years this s a me church is said by its pastor to have lost nearly 130 m e m b e r s and over 300 adherents from this scourge. In China, disastrous floods w r o u g h t havoc in the Chiang-chiu and Sio-khe valleys, m a n y of the people suffering seriously and s o m e the loss of .almost all their possessions. In the latter the destruction of property w a s accompanied by loss of life. In In­ dia, on the other hand, the year closed under the s h a d o w of great scarcity of food-crops and approaching famine, due to the failure of the m o n s o o n to bring the accustomed and needed rains. These physical ills have not sufficed, however, to stay the pro­ gress of the K i n g d o m , even in the lands afflicted by them. In allthe fields occupied by us, (Arabia perhaps excepted), there are vital and unmistakable signs of an o n w a r d and u p w a r d m o v e ­ ment. Native leaders are c o mi ng forward an d m o r e responsi­ bility is being put u p on them. T h e churches are “finding t h e m ­ selves”— realizing m o r e fully their strength and their obligations. T h e idea of self-support-and resulting self-government and inde­ pendence is m o r e widely received an d m o r e firmly held. A new, emphasis is laid upon the things of the Spirit: spiritual ideas a n d

spiritual gatherings and m o v e m e n t s of great force and promise, < for their inculcation and dissemination, are increasingly notice­ able. E v e n the titanic struggle in which Japan is engaged has failed to prove the hindrance anticipated to evangelistic effort. O n the contrary, it seems to have open ed wider the door of oppor­ tunity in m a n y directions. ■ \ » Into the twelve churches of this Mission 134 Amoy. were received on confession, fourteen mo re than in the previous year. T h e total communicant membership is 1,509, a net gain of sixty-two in spite of the loss of sixty-five by death. T h e contributions amounted to $16,590 M e x ­ ican; or $7,491 gold. This is an advance of nearly $7,000 M e x i ­ can for the previous year, and is almost entirely accounted for by contributions for church building. ' T h e Seco nd C h u r c h of Am oy ,Te k- ch iu- kh a,h ad so nearly c o m ­ pleted the erection of its fine, n e w building in place of that des­ troyed by fire in 1903, that it w a s dedicated on February 22, 1905,' in the presence and with the assistance of the Deputation. It wa s of peculiarly h a pp y o m e n that for mo re than a w e e k this church' had been thronged daily with congregations, chiefly of Christians, earnestly seeking spiritual quickening— a n e w gift of po we r’ from on high. T h e meetings were attended with m a rk ed’ evi­ dences of the presence and p o we r of the H o l y Spirit. . E a c h of the tw o churches in A m o y maintains0a preaching sta-' tion, and both are united in the support of a third. T h e y are n o w 1, contemplating the establishment of a fourth. Such things bear' eloquent testimony to the existence and growth of an aggressive evangelistic spirit. '’ T h e schools— with the exception of the Theological— were in prosperous condition, the B o y s ’ Primary Boarding School, espe­ cially, being full to overflowing. Five and even six boys were compelled to sit at desks designed for three only. Scarcely any­ thing of a material nature is m o r e needed at A m o y than a n e w a n d m o r e suitable building for this school. 4 ,J Both’ the Middle School (Boys’) and the Girls’ Boarding School shared in the blessing resulting from the spiritual m o v e 1 fnent referred to above. M a n y of the scholars’iii both schools give cheering1evidence o f having passed’from "death unto life.’ ' '

O w i n g to the continued absence of Dr. Otte, the H o p e Hospital remained under the care of Dr. S t u m p f during the year. The'hos­ pital at Sio-khe, therefore, w a s not opened. T h e resignation a n d . removal to Shanghai of Dr. A n g i e Myers, for reasons of health, were a great loss to the W o m a n ’s Hospital. Dr. Ott'e’s return to A m o y with funds for the enlargement of that Hospital, gener­ ously contributed by friends in the Netherlands, and a trained nurse supported by them, will add greatly to its efficiency. But the vacancy caused b y Dr. M y e r s ’ removal should be filled. Beside t w o daily religious services, there is m u c h personal w o r k done a m o n g the patients, which is ‘‘m u c h m o r e effective than preaching.” Efforts are also m a d e to follow up any impressions m a d e upon the patients for good, w h e n they return to their homes.

B y consolidation, the n u m b e r of churches atArcot. tached to this Mission has been reduced, in the last tw o years, from 23 to '18. This process has undoubtedly tended to “strengthen the things that remain.” T h e n u m b e r of communicants rose, in 1904, from 2,539 to 2,616, a net gain of 77, though 168 were received on confession of faith. That the contributions should s h o w a slight falling off,— from Rs. 7,066 to Rs. 6,577, is not to be wondered at in view of the disturbance caused by the plague. In other ways, a true spirit of progress has m a r k e d the churches and the evangelistic w o r k of the Mission during the year. T h e churches are c o mi ng m o r e and m o r e not only to recognize the. obligation of self-support but also that of self-extension, and the care of outlying village congregations. T h e strong churches are helping to bear the burdens of the weak. T h e native evangelistic or “Gospel Extension,” societies a n d bands of Christian Endeavorers are bringing the Gospel to quarters that have been c o m ­ paratively neglected hitherto. Advantage has been taken of the dis­ organized state of the w o r k in s o m e of the towns, caused by the. plague, and the Gospel has been freely and courageously preached in the c a mp s to which the panic-stricken people had betaken t h e m ­ selves. It is estimated that nearly 700,000 people have thus heard the Gospel within the bounds of the Mission, aside f r o m the regur lar preaching in the churches and village congregations. All these

are signs of progress and of life. Better than all, there is a g r o w ­ ing feeling of need of a deeper spiritual life, and in Harvest Festivals as well as on other occasions the people are comi ng to­ gether to seek and stimulate it. T h e Elizabeth R. Voorhees College at Vellore, notwithstand­ ing a temporary reduction in number, has had a year of pros­ perity. It closed with 900 students in attendance and without a deficit. T h e associated “feeder” schools had an attendance of oyer 500. “Large plans are being m a d e for future development. After a long delay land has finally been secured” for the desired buildings. T h e “foundation stones” of t w o of t h em were laid by a m e m b e r of the Deputation, as a part of the Jubilee Exercises, on January 9, 1905. • T h e Theological Seminary, for the larger part of the year, wa s deprived of the services of Rev. J. W . Scudder, S y n o d ’s Profes­ sor of Theology, the state of his health m a k i n g it necessary to seek relief in the United States. His class w o r k w a s divided a m o n g the other teachers, w h o were aided, so far as possible, by visits from Revs. J. A. Beattie an d L. B. Chamberlain. “T h e native staff deserves m u c h credit for the w a y it has borne the bur­ den.of this n e w responsibility.” T h e w o m e n ’s class w a s not kept up, o w i n g to the absence of Miss J. C. Scudder with her parents in this country. T h e prospect seems hopeful for their return to India this year. Industrial training is represented by the Industrial School at Arni an d the F a c e Class at Ranipettai. T h e purpose of the lat­ ter, aside from teaching lace-making is to afford a h o m e with pro­ tection and careful supervision for girls not qualified to teach an d w h o are yet unmarried. There is prospect of a n e w building or “Lace H o u s e ” for the school, which is n o w held in the upper story of the Ranipettai bungalow. T h e Arni Industrial School still struggles with the burden of inadequate income. T h e excellence of its w o r k is widely recog­ nized, and its output in increasing demand. T h e value of its trained students is proven by the offer of positions for all it can supply, in the R. R. shops at A r k o n a m . W h a t it needs is capital an d the Board has authorized an e n d o w m e n t of $10,000. Bu t the

w o r k of collection lags. It seemed to the Deputation that $20,­ 000 would not be beyond the measure of its needs and deserts. T h e other educational w o r k of the Mission is so extensive and so varied,— in its nine boarding schools for boys and girls with their 498 scholars; its 163 day-schools, (including those for H i g h Caste H i n d o girls), with 6,641 scholars,— and 163 S u n ­ day-schools with scholars nu mbering 5,383,— that it is only pos­ sible, here, to refer for details to the Mission’s o w n report on subsequent pages. This report shows that the Medical work, while bringing physical relief to m a n y thousands, in 35,273 cases last year, is also bearing spiritual fruit. N o w o r k that fell under the observa­ tion of the Deputation received higher e n c o m i u m s from the e d u ­ cated and intelligent H i n d u and M o h a m m e d a n gentlemen it was privileged to meet than the general Hospital at Ranipettai, the M a r y Taber Schell Hospital at Vellore and the Dispensary, at Tindivanam. O f the exercises c o m m e m o r a t i n g the Mission's Jubilee, a full account is given in its appropriate place in the Mission’s report. It is sufficient to say here that those held in January, 1905, at which the Deputation w a s present, were successful and inspiring in a very high degree. T h e y bore ample and convincing testi­ m o n y to the solid and substantial character of the w o r k done and the results achieved; to the wise and scriptural principles adopted by the founders and the fidelity with which they have been ad­ hered to and applied by their successors ; and to the firm and last­ ing hold the Mission has taken on the confidence and the life of all classes of the co mm u n i t y from the highest to the lowest. T h e record they c o m m e m o r a t e cannot but serve as encouragement and inspiration for the years to come. It is proposed to publish a full report of t h em in English, which should be read with interest by the Church. ' A s has been already intimated, the w a r exciteJapan. m e n t has not proved to be such a hindrance to missionary.and Christian w o r k as w a s antici­ pated. In fact the absence of excitement has been one of the most m a r k e d features of the situation. T h e w a r seems rather to have opened hearts and opportunities for the entrance of the truth.

T h e distribution of the Scriptures a m o n g soldiers and sailors has received the sanction and approval of the prime minister and of those highest in authority in the a r m y and navy. T h e eagerness with which they are received and even sought is remarkable, and the results in a multitude of cases most gratifying. T h e y can­ not but be fraught with potent influences favorable to the exten-. sion of Christ’s K i n g d o m even now. M u c h m o r e w h e n the w a r Is over and peace restored. T h e devout spirit of the Japanese Christians in these troublous times, is a surprise to those w h o have been for years a m o n g them. “Their intercession, not only for their o w n a r m y and navy and country, but also for Russia, has been truly remarkable.” T h e question of “self-support” has assumed n e w prominence. T h e discussion has taken on a form which seems not unlikely to be provocative of trouble. A n d that not from any reluctance to adopt the policy or assume the burdens and responsibilities that flow from it, but rather from impatience on the part of s o m e of the leading m e n with the slow progress made, and an apparent disposition to force the process. T h e “Church of Christ” needs the prayers of Christians everywhere at this juncture, that it m a y not only adopt an d maintain correct principles of churchTife and conduct, but also and especially, that it m a y employ wise and conciliatory methods in their advocacy and establishment. A healthy m o v e m e n t in the direction of self-support seems manifest­ ing itself in m a n y places, but it-may easily be checked by unwise or oppressive measures. . A d v a n c e is noted in Sunday-school w o r k and in a n e w and gr owing desire for education in Christian schools. T h e c o m ­ plete system of education,— godless as it is,— in Japan, and its ability to furnish suitable equipment for its schools, together with the comparatively recent aw akening of the government to the i m ­ portance of female education, m a k e it doubly incumbent on those w h o maintain Christian schools to see that they are fully abreast, in equipment and curriculum, with those of similar grade pro­ vided by the government. In this w a y only m a y w e hope that a constant tide of promising y o u n g m e n and w o m e n will flow into them.

T h e evangelistic w o r k of this mission suffers, as it has suffered for years for lack of workers both foreign and Japanese. O n e of the two churches reported last year, that of Morioka, has been handed over to the B o ar d of Missions of the C h ur ch of Christ; as a step toward self-support. This in itself is a forward m o v e m e n t , though it leaves but one organized church and 455 communicants, in it a n d in unorganized companies of believers, directly under the care of the Mission. B y the resignation and retirement of Mr. and Mrs. Harris, A o m o r i is left unoccupied by a missionary. If this vacancy cannot be supplied, there is reason to fear the giving u p of this extensive field, long occupied by us. O n the other hand, the return of Air. and Mrs. Scudder to N a g a n o will, it is hoped, put n e w life into the w o r k in No rt h Shinshu, which had suffered by their absence. This city, the capital of the prefecture, is an important centre, having, it is said ten'towns of over 10,000 inhabitants each, besides n u m e r o u s vil­ lages within a radius of fifteen miles. It is also the seat of the great temple of Zenkoji and of Buddhistic influence, and “ for evangelistic work, one of the great cities of japan.’' T h e feeling toward the'Mission and its work, both popular and official, is at present kindly. N o t h i n g prevents a wide extension of the w o r k but lack of m e n and of the m e a n s to empl oy them. In educational”w o r k the year has been a prosperous one. Dr. Ol t m a n s began his w o r k in the Theological department of the Aleiji Gaku in in M a y , 1904. T h e students n u m b e r e d twelve, four in the regular and eight in the special course. “T h e outlook for an increase of students for the ministry seems brighter than it has'been for s o m e years.” This is cheering news. ' In the A c a d e m i c department 185 students were present at the examinations in D e ce mbe r, 1904. O f these fifty-one are m e m ­ bers of Christian Churches, several others are f r om Christian families an d a n u m b e r are inquirers. Seven were baptized dur­ ing the year. T h e w a r does not s e e m to have interfered in any w a y with the prosperity of the school. A fine and c o m m o d i o u s n e w chapel of brick and stone, the gift of Rev. and Airs. E. R o t h e s a y ‘Miller, adorns the c a m p u s and furnishes additional facilities for the performance of the w o r k of this promising insti-' North Japan,

tution. Its friends and Directors n o w desire and propose to seek its en do w m e n t , of which it is well worthy. • T o Ferris Seminary seventy-five pupils were received during the year. A t its close the n u m b e r enrolled wa s 165, a net gain of fifty-three over the’preceding year. M o r e than two-fifths of the pupils are Christians, and six were baptized during the year. T h e Y. W . C. A. organized a year ago, has g r o w n in n u m b e r s an d its m e m b e r s are active in Christian work. Eight classes for devotional Bible study are led, by the older girls, and five chil­ dren’s meetings are maintained b y the Sunday-school C o m m i t ­ tee. A s a result of a special day of prayer for Christian workers and the meetings then held, eight girls joined the band of those w h o look forward to entering o n definite Christian work. This b a nd n o w n u m b e r s twenty-seven. T h e report of the Mission ab ounds in interSonth Japan. esting details of evangelistic work. N o t the least interesting is the testimony borne to the fidelity, zeal an d efficient helpfulness of .graduates or former pupils of Steele College an d Sturges Seminary. This form- of w o r k is car­ ried on at four stations, Nagasaki, Saga, K a g o s h i m a an d K u m a ­ moto, the last unoccupied at present, and twenty-two out-stations connected with them. T h e Mission reports “ steady m o v e m e n t along the whole line.” “It does not s e e m to be a time w h e n peo­ ple in crowds flock into the fold of the Master. B u t they are c o m i n g one by one. T h e Christians also are gr ow i n g in grace an d the Chur ch is b e c o m i n g firmer.” Appeals addressed by the Mission to the Northern an d South­ ern Presbyterian Missions have borne fruit, an d the time seems close at hand, if indeed it has not already come, w h e n our o w n , Mission will not be left alone to represent the “ C h u r c h of Christ” in the great island of Kiushiu with its population of six millions. Steele College had m o r e than 100 students o n its roll. “T h e tone of the school is decidedly moral and Christian. B u t it falls below gove rnm en t schools in both mathematics a n d science. It lives principally on its reputation for English.” “T h e Y. M . C. A. is both vigorous and aggressive. T h e success with which its m e m b e r s get the non-Christians under religious influences in prayer meetings, Sunday-school and C h u r c h services, c o m m a n d s

-the admiration of all.” Twenty-eight of the students were Chris­ tians, of w h o m four were received into c o m m u n i o n during the year. “ W i t h few exceptions the Christians have taken the best stand in their classes.” ' A t the close of the year the school w a s deprived, b y his resig­ nation fr om the Mission, of the services of Dr. Stout, w h o had “proved himself a wise and able administrator.” Sturges Seminary, during a part of the year, reached an en­ rollment of 92, “probably the highest in its history.” F o u r stu­ dents, all of t h e m Christians, were graduated in March, 1904. T h e year closed with an attendance of 73- In D e c e m b e r there ' were 29 boarders of w h o m fifteen were Christians. T h e C.. E. S o ­ ciety and K i n g ’s Daughters have been interested an d active in Sunday-school and other work. T h e m a k i n g of “comfort-bags” for the soldiers and the sacrifice of Christmas gifts have led (the girls to have deeper sy mp ath y for the sufferings of others. T h e report of this Mission opens with expresArabia. sions of pleasure in the visit of the Deputation, a • pleasure which the Deputation fully shared. “ It m a d e us glad to s h o w t h e m substantial progress in medical, ed u­ cational and evangelistic work, to let t h e m behold ‘sweet firstfruits’ an d to parade before t h e m with just pride our native help­ ers.” “ Its chief results are two: 1. A fuller understanding by the delegates of our needs and difficulties. 2. A n inevitable quickening of our native brethren.” T h e appointment of Miss F a n n y Lutton wa s Mission Force, noticed in the last report. D u r i n g the year Dr. , .• and Mrs. Arthur K. Bennett were also appointed as m e m b e r s of the Mission. Dr. Bennett sailed from N e w Y o r k for E u r o p e early in October, 1904, to pursue courses of study specially fitting h i m for w o r k in Arabia and also for the purpose o of securing a certificate at Constantinople authorizing h i m to practice medicine in the Turkish Empire. H e expects to join the Mission in the fall of 1905. H e is the second missionary to Arabia to be supported by the Sioux County, Iowa, Syndicate. Mrs. Bennett accompanied the Deputation on her w a y to the field and, for the present, is stationed at Bahrein. Dr. an d Mrs. S. J. T h o m s , with their three children, also sailed

-with the Deputation on October 8, returning from .furlough to .their station and the hospital at. Bahrein. T h e Mission rejoices .in these additions, an d says; “W e are n o w as well m a n n e d as the pioneers dared hope ten years ago.” ' , Dr. and Mrs. S. M . Z w e m e r , with their surviving children re­ turned h o m e o n furlough, arriving in N e w Y o r k early in April, I905; . -> Miss L u c y ' M . Patterson, M . D., w h o s e temporary appoint­ m e n t wa s reported last year, rendered, exceptional service at B a h ­ rein during the peculiarly trying m o n t h s of the s u m m e r and, fall. ■ In view of these services she received permanent appointment, but voluntarily withdrew from the Mission in January, 1905. T h e loss by Dr. an d Mrs. Z w e m e r of t w o of Shadows. their children, sickness of missionaries an d the ■ death of one of the best native helpers, m a d e the year one of peculiar sorrows. T h e prevalence of cholera through a large part of. the year imposed heavy burdens of labor and a n x ­ iety on the m e m b e r s of the Mission, and greatly interfered with their ordinary work. T h e closing of K u w e i t and the expulsion of the helper sent there brought great disappointment. In spite of all, faith triumphs an d the me ssage sent to the churches East and West, out of the shadows, is: “The nations know and approve our purpose.” . ■ T h e need of m a k i n g s o m e suitable provision Need of Schools, for the education of children an d youth at all the • stations, is strongly urged. This w o r k has hith­ erto been confined to Bahrein, where a small school has. been kept u p in quarters totally inadequate and unfit. Notwithstanding, it enrolled 68 scholars last year, with an average attendance of forty during the last three months. O f the 68. fifty-two were M o s ­ lems, four J e ws and twelve Christians. T h e great need of this school is better quarters. These, with a n e w chapel also greatly needed, are in the w a y of being provided during the current year. T h e increasing n u m b e r of Protestant children at Busrah, in the j u d g m e n t of the Mission, demands- the establishment of a school. Its peculiar position offers advantages .for a school for Moslems, which m a y ultimately g r o w into a H i g h school or Col­ lege. T h e desire is expressed also, for the beginning of educa-

.tional w o r k at Muscat. S u c h effort is in line with the w o r k of all other missions. It is necessary^ inevitable an d cannot be long delayed. ' 1 . ' T h e n u m b e r of apparently sincere seekers after Inquirers. truth is increasing. T h e report mentions several m o s t interesting instances, both at Busrah and Bahrein. T h o u g h disappointment m a y result in s o m e cases, there is e n o u g h d o warrant deep gratitude to G o d for the m a n i ­ fest wo r k i n g of His Spirit, and to inspire the hope that the day of larger ingatherings m a y be near at hand. . Tours by missionaries an d colporters have ocTouring. . cupied m u c h time an d attention at all. the stations. Particular mention is m a d e of tw o extended tours by Mr. V a n Ess, f r o m Busrah, to Nasariyeh and Amara," occupy­ ing 103 days, knocking “at the very door of the great and myster­ ious inland.” T h e Mission rejoices that it has at last a m a n w h o m it' can set apart for outside evangelistic work. Tours of • interest a n d importance were also m a d e from Bahrein by Dr. Z w e m e r an d from M u s c a t b y Mr. M o e r d y k e and their colporters. 1 A large n u m b e r of copies of the Scriptures or Scripture portions were “planted” as “g o o d seed” in m a n y places. “Points hitherto untouched were reached, and it will not be long before all of our i m m e n s e territory will have been sown, at least once, with the w o r d of God. In all fifteen tours were made, occupying 407 days an d covering 5,026 miles.. T h e n u m b e r of Bibles, Testaments an d Scrip­ . Book Sales. ture portions sold at all the stations an d on tours, w a s 3,781. O f these 2,896, or 76 per cent., were in Arabic and 3,327, or 88 per cent., were sold to Muslims. T h e polyglot nature of the w o r k is indicated by the fact that books were sold in fourteen languages. > T h e w o r k for w o m e n by the ladies of the MisWork for Women, sion, especially in connection with hospital and dispensary, is developing and prospering. “A n efficient Bible w o m a n (native) at Busrah wo ul d probably cultivate a virgin field.” Su ch w o m e n have, for the m o s t part, yet to be found or trained. Th er e is hope of one, well qualified, at M u s ­

cat, in the w i d o w of a valued helper, Saeed M u s k o o , w h o died soon after their marriage. T h e medical w o r k of the Mission, is carried on ' Medical. at B u sr ah by Dr. a n d Mrs. Worrall, an d at B a h ­ ’ rein, in connection with the M a s o n Me mo ria l Hospital by Dr. and Mrs. T h o m s . .At the former station Dr. Worrall reports 4,794 patients treated by himself and 4,006 by Mrs. Worrall, w h o is also a physician; 8,635, w h o m 6,326 were Moslems. All these, beside receiving bodily treatment and relief heard the message of the Gospel. “A medical dose w a s m i x e d with a spiritual one.” The.receipts from patients were $1,000, thus contributing largely to the running expenses. T h e hospital at Bahrein remained in the hands an d under the care of Dr. L u c y M . Patterson, w h o “gave faithful an d efficient service,” from. April to N o v e m b e r . T h e period thus covered w a s one of great difficulty an d anxiety due to the ravages of cholera without, an d fatal sickness in one of the mission families, through all of which she bore herself bravely. In N o v e m b e r Dr. T h o m s returned and re su med charge. D u r i n g the year 11,296 treat­ ments were given to 7,279 m e n and 4,016 w o m e n . T o all the Gospel w a s preached, a n d G o d ’s w o r d has hot returned unto h i m void. M a n y have been seeking the truth, and one, a former soldier, has renounced bright' earthly prospects for Christ’s sake and been baptized into His name. T h e receipts for the year s h o w a falling off, enReceipts. tirely in non-syndicate gifts. T h e y were as fol, lows: F r o m syndicates, $5,455.44; Non-syndicate gifts, $97546.95; interest on loans, $125.17; Legacy, $616.28, a total.of $15,744.34 for the regular work. This is $1,567.37 less than the previous year. F o r special objects outside the appro­ priations, the s u m of $790 w a s received, m a k i n g the entire in­ c o m e of the Mission. $16,534.34, or $2,542.87 less than last year. T h e expenditure for w o r k in the field, travel Expenditnres. and support of missionaries, etc., w a s $18,725.02, an d for H o m e Expenses, including the cost of “ Neglected Arabia,” $1,205.38: total $19,928.40. F o r detailed items of expenditure, see report of the Treasurer on a succeeding page. » * \

MISSIONARIES A N D THEIR MOVEMENTS. T h e missionaries n o w connected with the B o ar d and the Arabian Mission n u m b e r ninetysix. O f the thirty-five men, five are unordained. T w o of these and three ordained m e n are in active service as physicians. O f the sixty-one w o m e n , thirty-two are married and twenty-nine unmarried. T w o of the latter and three of the form­ er are physicians. Rev. J. A. Otte, M . D., to China, his family re­ Returned to the Reid maining in this country. Dr. Otte we nt b y w a y of the Netherlands, leaving here in N o v e m b e r , 1904, and reaching A m o y in the following March, with, a trained nurse for the W o m a n ’s Hospital and funds for its enlargement, both provided by the generosity of friends in Holland. T o India, Rev. and Mrs. J. H . Wyckoff, accompanied by their youngest daughter and Miss Lillian M . Hart; Rev. and Mrs. E. C. Scudder, after several years of absence. T o Arabia, Rev. Ja me s Cantine and Dr. an d Mrs. S. J. T h o m s and their three children. Mr. Cantine w a s married in September to Miss Elizabeth G. D e Free, of B a h ­ rein an d re-occupied his former station at Muscat. F r o m China, Mr. and Mrs. Pitcher. F r o m InRetnrned Home, dia, Rev. an d Mrs. J. W . Scudder and Miss J. C. ■ Scudder; Rev. and Mrs. J. A. Beattie an d Mrs. W . I. Chamberlain with her daughter, Alma. F r o m Japan, Rev. and Mrs. E. Rothesay Miller. “F r o m the A m o y Mission, Miss A n g i e M . M y RtsiptW, ers> M . D., for reasons of health; Miss Susan R. Duryee, w h o expects to join the L o n d o n Mission at A m o y as Mrs. A. F a h m y , M . D. F r o m the No rt h Japan M i s ­ sion, though still connected with the Board, Rev. an d Mrs. H o w ­ ard Harris; Miss Harriet J. Wyckoff, to b e c o m e the wife of Rev. Mr. Hail of the C u m b e r l a n d Presbyterian Mission to Japan. F r o m the South Japan Mission, Rev. H e n r y Stout, D. D., and MJss A n n a B. Stout. Dr. Stout joined the station at Nagasaki in 1869, and has rendered constant and m o st valued service ever since. His n a m e is permanently and prominently identified with the history an d w o r k of the Mission. T h e B o a r d accepts his resClassification.


ignation with feelings of deep regret. T h e term of Rev. Chas. M . Myers, as teacher in Steele College, having expired, he has been released from further service and is n o w en gaged at Shanghai, China. ■■ .. ' • Repeated trials having convinced the physi1 Transfer. cians of the A m o y Mission an d Rev. D. C. R u i g h ; • himself that it is impossible for h i m to remain in that- climate, he and Mrs. R u i g h have been transferred to the N o r t h Japan Mission in the hope that the climate there will prove m o r e favorable to his health. .j Miss Grace T h o m a s m a , of G r a n d Rapids, New Missionaries. Mich., has been apointed to the South Japan Mission. S h e is supported by. the Sunday-school of the 2nd C h ur ch of that city, with which she wa s formerly co n­ nected. U n d e r special arrangement, Miss Jennie Pieters has been sent to the s a m e Mission. Mr. A n t h o n y Walvoord, of Cedar Grove, Wis., pnder Appointment, has been appointed, under special contract for a term of six years, as a teacher in Steele College, Nagasaki. ■ T H E SOAR'D. T h e death of Rev. C. L. Wells, D. D., has been already noted. T h e vacancy thereby occasioned has been filled by the election of Rev. J a m e s I. Vance, D. D., of the Classis of Newark. Dr. Wells’ place in the B o a r d of Trustees of the Arabian Mission w a s filled by the election of Rev. J. H . Whitehead. ' T h e term of the following m e m b e r s of the B o a r d expires with this session of the Synod: Rev. D. Sage Ma ck ay, D. D.. Mr. William L. Brower, “ Lewis Francis, D. D., “ W . H . V a n Steenbergh, “ J. P. Searle, D. D., “ P. N. Bouton, “ E. G. Read, D. D., “ Richard B. Ferris, Rev. M a t t h e w Kolyn. . . Mr.'Ferris, a m e m b e r since 1896, declines a re-election because of Inability to attend the meetings of the Board.

T H E W O M A N ’S B O A R D . . . * ^ W i t h each succeeding year the portion of the w o r k of our M i s ­ sions falling within the scope and expressed purpose of the W o ­ m a n ’s B o a r d increases. T h at for 1905 is larger than ever before, a n d has been accepted by it. Its obligations for the previous year, voluntarily assumed, have been fully met. Its p r o m p t re­ sponse to appeals for special aid merits the thanks and admiration of S y n o d ’s B o a r d an d of the C h u r c h as well. T h e total receipts into its treasury last year were $48,460.52. .O u t of this a m o u n t and the balance from the preceding year, $40,­ 202.33 w a s paid to S y n o d ’s B o ar d an d $3,407.59 to the Arabian Mission, a total of $43,609.92. T h e pa ym ent s to S y n o d ’s B o ar d included $35,163.23 for the regular w o r k an d $5,039.10 for special objects outside of the appropriations. A m o n g the latter were $3,000 for land an d building at'Kodai Kanal, India, to provide a s u m m e r retreat for the unmarried ladies of the Arcot Mission, and $640 for a H i n d u Girls’ School building o n the Telugu pla­ teau., These are but two of the m a n y buildings erected through a long course of years in all our Missions b y the gracious aid and active agency of the W o m a n ’s Board. .



T h e increasing attention paid to the development of missionary study and interest a m o n g the Sunday-schools an d y o u n g people of our C h u r c h is viewed with the liveliest sy mp ath y an d satisfac­ tion. ,• T h e n e w order of the Crusaders, specially deCrqsaders.. signed for the Sunday-schools, n o w n u m b e r s 60 posts with a m e m b e r s h i p roll of 3,000. In m a n y instances it has evoked great enthusiasm o n the part of officers and m e m b e r s alike. It is capable of expansion till it reaches the extreme limit of our denomination a n d is worthy, in the opinion of the Board, of the heartiest sy mp ath y of our pastors a n d the officers of our Sunday-schools.. It interferes with n o existing ef­ fort, but is calculated to infuse n e w life, interest, intelligence and m o m e n t u m into all such efforts.

T h e C. E. Missionary League, which had Missionary League, done such g o o d w o r k in the past, has been so modified in title and scope as to include all forms of missionary effort a m o n g the y o u n g people of the Church. Still other measures designed to increase its usefulness are in contemplation. Participation in the several s u m m e r schools has broadened the views of those w h o have this w o r k in charge, suggested n e w me th ods and tends to bring the m o v e m e n t into line with similar m o v e m e n t s in all our sister denominations. Completeness of organization has been sought by the appoint­ m e n t of a Synodical Superintendent in each of the Particular Synods, a Classical Agent, appointed by the Classis itself, in each of the Classes an d the institution w h e n practicable of “Y o u n g People’s Classical Missionary' Leagues,” mo de led largely u p o n the plan and me t h o d s of W o m e n ’s Classical Missionary Unions. These have already been organized a n d contemplate holding their first annual meetings in at least ten classes. A m o v e m e n t so important to the future of our missionary w o r k in all its branches, needs only and above all things, the entrance arid p o w ­ er of G o d ’s wo nd er- wo rk ing Spirit to m a k e it a mighty engine for good. F o r this it m u s t depend u p o n the s y mp ath y a n d prayers not only of those w h o have it immediately in charge, but of the entire C h u r c h — at least and certainly that portion of it which is truly interested in the progress of the R e d e e m e r ’s K i n g d o m . .



It is possible to a robust faith to anticipate a time w h e n the people of our churches will be at least as anxious to secure tidings f r om the toilers in the L o r d ’s vineyard— of their labors, discour­ agements and successes— as they are in the progress of the world’s material arid political enterprises. W h e n that time c o m e s it w ’ill n o longer be necessary to appeal for the support of those agencies b y which these tidings are c o m m u n i c a t e d an d can alorie be obtained. That it is yet far distant, the facts demonstrate. T h e Mission Field, with a larger circulation than, ever in its present shape, reaches only about one family in ten in our church, and cost the B o a r d last year $1,089. In the c o m i n g day it should support itself.

T h e Day-Star dwindles in circulation though not in brightness, and cost each of the W o m a n ’s Boards about $100. T h e Quarter­ ly Lesson Leaflets -have a circulation of about 2,500 copies an d a deficit in the matter of cost shared by the Boards just referred to. T h e Children’s D a y Exercise with a circulation last year of 6,047 copies, alone paid for the cost of production an d brought a small revenue to the Boards. .It is believed “that a comparatively little effort o n the part of pastors and officers of our churches an d missionary societies would turn the scale an d cause that which is n o w a n expense to the Boards to b e c o m e a source of revenue to them.” Ye t this is, after all, the smallest consideration. T h e larger -and m o r e important,— the vital,— consideration is the impossibility of otherwise securing the intelligent interest of our congregations an d y o u n g people in our o w n missionary work, a n d the increas­ ing revenue of riches an d glory such interest w o u l d bring to the “ L o r d and Master of us all.” 0 , . FINANCIAL. T h e Treasurer’s statements published herewith, s h o w a gratify­ ing im p r o v e m e n t u p o n the preceding year. T h e “ sinews of w a r ” have not been wanting, but have been supplied in generous m e a s ­ ure. T h e receipts for the regular work, under the Receipts B. F. M. annual appropriations, a m o u n t e d to $119,012.44, an. increase of $8,939, a little over eight per cent., u p o n the previous year. M o r e satisfactory still is the fact that the increase in “collections,” which were $112,493.29, w a s $9,213, or nearly nine per cent. O n l y legacies s h o w e d a falling off of $1237. T h e great gain, therefore, has been in the “free will of­ ferings” of G o d ’s believing people. This is as it should be. If, to the total above given, w e add $14,913.16 received for “special objects” in connection with the w o r k of the various Missions but outside the appropriations, w e have the receipt, for all pur­ poses, of $133,705.60, a n increase of $10,308. T h e Arabian Mission received into its treasury Arabian Mission. $16,534.34, distributed as follows: Syndicate, $5,­ 455.44; non-syndicate gifts, $9,546.95; interest,

$125.67; legacy, $616.28, and for special objects, $790. -This is a decrease of $2,543, almost entirely in non-syndicate gifts. A d d ­ ing the total for the Arabian Mission to that given above, the s u m of all receipts for all the Missions, from all sources wa s $150,239’.94. T h e usual tabular statement will, perhaps, m a k e the above facts and figures m o r e clear: ■ F o r the regular w o r k of the Board: F r o m collections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $112,493 29 Fromilegacies, less expenses..... 2 >576 22 From^interest o n invested funds.... 3,942 93 . -------- -$119,012 44 F o r special ob je cts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14)693 16' Total for B o a r d of Foreign Missions....... •$I33)7°5 60 F o r the Arabian Mission:— 0 F r o m Syndicates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $ 5)455 ,. Non-Syndicate gifts ........... ’ 9,546 125 Interest .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L e g a c y ..... . ............... 616

44 95 67 28


Total for regular w o r k .. ........ $15,744 34 F o r special objects...... . ..... 790 00 .. .


- - - - - - - — • i 6,534


■ Total receipts fr om all sources . . . . . . . . . . . $150,239 94 D e d u c t all legacies and interest. . . . . . . . . . . . 7,261 10 . Total of all contributions, 19 05. . . . . . . . . . . .$142,978 84 ' Total of all contributions, 19 04 ..... •. . . . . . . 135,489 95 Gain in contributions for 1 9 05. . . . . . . . . . . . . .

$7,488 89

. . In addition to the.receipts reported above the A Large BeqoesL B o a r d has c o m e into possession, during the year, ' of a bequest of $30,000 from the estate of Miss Alida Van'Schaick, of N e w Y o r k city. T h e provisions of the

will are such that only the interest on the fund can be used. F o r this reason the a m o u n t is not included in the above statement of annual receipts. -The principal has been, securely invested an d the income derived therefrom: will serve to continue and perpet­ uate the generous contribution the testatrix has annually but a n o n y m o u s l y m a d e to the B o a r d ’s treasury for m a n y years. ' T h e total expenditure, exclusive of the AraExpenditares. bian Mission, w a s $116,981.61, distributed as fol• lows: F o r the A m o y Mission, $21,303.35; the Arcot Mission, $40,935.09; the N o rt h Japan Mission, $22,730.12; the South Japan Mission, $17,573.26; a total for the four M i s ­ sions of $102,541.82. F o r discount and interest, $1,320.54; and for H o m e Expenses, $13,119.25. ’ -For the Arabian Mission the expenditure for Arabian Mission, the support of missionaries, w o r k in he field, travel, etc., w a s $18,725.02 and for H o m e E x ­ penses, including,the cost of “ Neglected Arabia,” $1,203.38, a total of $19,928.40. |‘






' T h e expenditure for this Mission as just stated Arabian Mission! almost exactly equals the $20,000 asked b y the “ 'Trustees a year ago. It w a s $6,000 m o r e than in the preceding year. T h e larger part of this increase w a s due to traveling expenses of missionaries to and from the'field anti to increase in the force employed. T h e receipts fell short of the desired a m o u n t by $4,256. It is manifest that nothing less than $20,000 will suffice to meet the needs of this Mission for its regu­ lar work, without providing for any further increase. .



A year ag o the B o a r d proposed to the C h u r c h the doubling of its gifts within ten years by the addition of one-tenth every year: A s has been shown, this proposition c a m e near fulfilment b y an' advance of m o r e than eight per cent. A n addition of ten per cent, to the receipts of last year in the year just opening w o ul d give

$131,090. Less than this the B o a r d dare not ask. Less than this the C h u r c h ought not to be willing to give. If its income could reach the $135,000 approved by the S y n o d n o w so m a n y times, it would give to the B o a r d and the Missions great relief, enabling t h e m to do with s o m e proper degree of efficiency the w o r k n o w in. hand, and embrace s o m e of the opportunities open to them, but n o w of necessity neglected.' A considerable' advance has been m a d e ini the Soppsrt oI^Mission- m a t t e r 0 f special support of individual mission­ aries. O f the ninety-six missionaries, m e n and w o m e n , in the field, including the Arabian Mission, forty-six are n o w suported by special contributions. O f these five are in China, twenty-two in India, eleven in Japan an d eight in Arabia. T o these should properly be added tw o in China an d tw o in Ja­ pan w h o support themselves. ■ T h e B o a r d w o u l d again call the attention of Endowmentol I n s t i - 5 y n o c j a n c j C h u r c h to the great need and value of a sufficient e n d o w m e n t for its education­ al institutions. These institutions are indispensable an d prosper­ ous. T h e y already m a k e large d e m a n d s u p o n the treasury. These d e m a n d s are increased by their very success an d the necessity of keeping pace with the progress of kindred institutions o n the Mission field. Their e n d o w m e n t w o ul d e x e m p t t h e m from de­ pendence on the fluctuating receipts and appropriations of the Board. It w o ul d also relieve the treasury of such appropriations, set free a large a m o u n t n o w devoted to their maintenance and en­ able the B o a r d to rehabilitate the evangelistic w o r k which, in every Mission has suffered first and most severely from retrench­ ment. A careful survey of the fields committed to us, A FOrnM«liit M °ve" a n d comparison of their populations with the * forces engaged, m a k e evident the fact that all the Missions are under-manned, the A m o y Mission deplorably so, and all suffering from insufficient appropriations. Their need of m e n an d m e a n s has been set forth so distinctly in the year just past that it seems needless to enter in particulars here. Suf­ fice it to say that they are not equal to the d e m a n d s m a d e u p o n t h e m by the w o r k already in h a n d an d which, labor as they may,

they cannot hope to overtake. M u c h less are they able to reach the multitudes, millions in every field, w h o are as yet unreached by the Gospel. T h e w o r k that might be done stretches before t h e m in an' ever-widening circle while the w o r k they are bravely attempting is beyo nd their strength. It is certain that, with all w e have done, for which .we are devoutly grateful to G o d for the ability and the will to do it and for His blessing o n it,— w e are not living up to the measure of our opportunity, which is the m e a s ­ ure also of our obligation. It is m o r e than doubtful if w e are liv­ ing u p to the measure of our ability. In the opinion of the B o a r d the time has fully c o m e for a real an d serious “ F o r w a r d M o v e m e n t , ” such as has been inaugurated in a n u m b e r of our sister denominations. A m o v e m e n t that shall bring h o m e to every church an d every m e m b e r , m o r e distinctly than ever, the su preme duty an d mission of the C h u r c h to give the Gospel to every creature an d the opportunity to have a share in this service. W i t h this conviction, a perm ane nt Co m m i t t e e o n Resources has been established by the Board. Its duty will be to devise me th ods for the increase of resources so that larger s u m s shall be available for distribution a n d for the proper devel­ o p m e n t of our great an d g r o w i n g work. Its plans are not yet matured. F o r their success, the B o a r d m u s t depend, first, u p o n the divine guidance and blessing, and second, u p o n the approval of the S y n o d an d the hearty co-operation of the pastors a n d of­ ficers of our churches. ' T h e time is ripe for,— nay, d e m a n d s of us,— Now is the Time, such a forward m o v e m e n t . It is not simply that our work, great an d blessed as, has reached in s o m e cases at least, a point w h er e it can g r o w n o more, and where compression threatens its very existence. It is not that in every field open to us there is n o opposition worthy of the name. It is that everywhere there are n e w and unmistakable tokens of preparation for s o m e great an d notable advance for the K i n g d o m of Christ. T h e change of public sentiment, in non-Christian lands, toward the religion of Christ and those w h o bring it to t h e m or profess and practice it; the multitudes of those who, reading the Bible not only, but reading also the pure an d b l a m e ­ less lives of Christian m e n and w o m e n , are inwardly convinced of

the truth of the Gospel; the w a k i n g u p of China and the wide, growing, even imperative d e m a n d for foreign and especially for English learning with its Christian leaven; the increasingly open' and receptive m i n d a m o n g the people of Japan; the world-wide spiritual m o v e m e n t s characteristic of these later years, in which the peoples a m o n g w h o m w e labor have a large share; the spirit of inquiry everywhere prevailing; even the message that c o m e s to us from Arabia, “T h e natives k n o w ' a n d approve our purpose.” W h a t are all these but signs, too plain to be mistaken, that the L o r d Himself is going forth m o r e widely and m o r e mightily than w e have apprehended, and is calling to Hi s C h u r c h to fol­ low w h e r e - H e leads?— that that “far-off, divine event toward which the whole creation moves,” m a y be nearer than w e think, and that H e would have us do our part to hasten it. . If the Deputation so recently returned from ' Conclusion. visiting our Missions might be permitted for a m o m e n t to address the C h u r c h o n behalf of the Bpard, it would be to give utterance to these convictions, based u p o n their observation of “things as they are:” ' 1. A n d m o s t profoundly, that there is n o p o w e r in any relig­ ious worship or system, in the lands they visited, to redeem, lift u p and save. 2. That the Gospel of Christ has this p o w e r everywhere an d always,’ wh en eve r and wherever it is faithfully and lovingly' preached and applied. O f this they have ha d convincing d e m ­ onstration in every land on which their feet have trod. 3. That the w o r k of the C h ur ch in applying that Gospel to the sins and needs of the world; is but in its beginnings. 4'. That the opportunities open to all our Missions for larger w o r k of every sort are a distinct call of G o d to the C h u r c h to at­ tempt’greater things for H i m , assured that it will receive greater things from- H i m . . • 5.’ That the w o r k already accomplished, carried on by as n o ­ ble and devoted a ba nd of m e n and w o m e n as any C h u r c h need wish to have, established on firm foundations and rooted in the confidence and effection of the peoples, affords a vantage grou nd and constitutes a claim for such larger work. - .. '• 6. That the chief— in fact the only real— hindrance to such

larger w o r k is found here at h o me , in the heart of the Church, which is not yet as the heart of Christ toward a perishing world. That C h ur ch still needs, as has been well said, “the triple vision — of dts o w n great ability an d its (relatively) small accomplish­ ment; of the world that lieth in wickedness, and of the L o r d w h o claims right to c o m m a n d an d p o w e r to save.” M a y that Lord; in His great mercy, grant that threefold vision to this C h u r c h of ours.

Corresponding Secretary. A p p r o v e d by the B o ar d M a y 24, 1905.




1 842 .

District occupied, about O.OOdsquare miles.

Population, 3,000,000.

Missionaries.-Rev. J. A. Otte. M. D., A m o y ; Rev. H. P. Boot. Chtang-chiu; Rev. Frank Eckerson, Tong-an; C. Otto Stumpf. M. D., Sio-Khe; Rev. D. C. Ruigli, Chiangchiu; Rev. A. L. Warnshuis, A m o y ; Mrs.'J. V. N. Talmage, A m o y ; Mrs. H. C. Kip, Slo-khe; Miss K. M. Talmage. A m o y ; Miss M. E. Talmage, A m o y ; Miss N. Zwinner, Tong-an; Miss E. M. Cappon, Chlang-ehiu; Miss M. G. Morrison. Vhiang chtu; Miss L. N. Duryee. Tong-an; Miss S. R. Duryee, A m o y ; Miss Alice Duryee, A m o y . Associate Missionaries.-Xlrs. lit America. — Mrs.

Stumpf, Mrs. Warnshuis, Mrs. Boot, Mrs. Ruigh.

Otte. Miss N. Zwemer and Miss E^ M. Cappon.

Mission Stations $.....

138 197

18 14

133 103 176 97 118 126 89 117 72 58 13

9 6 5 9 18 18 4 16 9 8

1447 134




i 7

5 2 ■■■5 3 4



4 4


1 7 2 5 14 .... 7 1 1 9 4 "z 4 2 3 4



7 150 9 207 11 5 136 6 95 172 31 3 98 134 13 137 17 82 8 129 . 3 79 5 66 >10 1 13 1509 118

21 108 13 108 6 3 84 4 67 6 104 9 60 8 56 9 60 3 66 3 35 6 35 45 4


Infant Baptisms. Total non-commu­ nicants. Inquirers.




Total present members.

a n d


h u r c h e s



Members reported last year. Received on Confees on. Received by Certi­ ficate. Dismissed.


50 $1445 CO 50 • 7983 00 365 00 20 649 00 100 750 00 90 411 00 100 621 0O 60 1454 40 180 1028 70 108 60 349 20 30 * 963,00 371 90 40 60 249 00 60 00 20

85 828 968 $16590 20

*Part for building. + Supported by two Amoy churches. t Supported by Mission.

R E P O R T F O R 1904. T h e year recorded not a few dark days. S o m e of our n u m b e r have been ill and others have gone home. N o t a little sadness w a s connected with the departure of M r . and Mrs. Pitcher for the United States and Dr. M y e r s for Shanghai. T h e heavy rains and almost unprecedented floods caused great suffering and d a m a g e d m u c h Mission property.

Th e Dark Side,

T h e plague has done its deadly w o r k a m o n g the Chinese. T h e year has in m a n y ways been one of special T h e Bright Side, blessing. Rev. Mr. Boot, Rev. Mr . Eckerson, Miss Duryee and Miss A. Dury ee have all passed most creditably their first language examination and have begun work, and Rev. Mr . R u ig h has improved in health. T h e earnest prayers by the m a n y m e m b e r s of the “Fukien Prayer Union" for the one definite object “that G o d m a y be pleased speedily to give an outpouring of His Spirit upon the Churches,’1 are being .answered. Throughout the year there w a s manifested a deepening of spiritual life in different quar­ ters, specially in m a n y of the schools. A t the close of the year in connection with the Prayer U n i o n special meetings at various centers were conducted by Rev. Mr . Brown, resulting in great searchings of heart, confes­ sions of sin, rejoicings in pardon, and a possession of peace u n ­ k n o w n before. In regard to these meetings a missionary in a personal letter wrote from one of these stations as follows: “M a n v professed to get blessing; s o m e for the first time k n e w w h a t it wa s to be born again and others got a fresh uplift. It w a s verv touching to hear their confessions, m a n y times I could not keep back tears of joy, and the strain of listening and watch­ ing and trying to help wa s very great. T h e people were so quiet, I have never been at such quiet meetings in China as these.” M a y the blessing already received be only an earnest of great things to follow. ' • C H U R C H E S A N D OUT-STATIONS. S i n -k o e -a ( F i r s t C h u r c h ).— O f the three pastorates on A m o y Island Sin-koe-a has m a n i ­ fested the greatest spiritual life. T h e pastor and people have taken m u c h interest in the Prayer Union. There have been m a n y n e w hearers. T h e boys’ and girls’ schools are both large.. T h e mission station of this church at Khoe-hoa though growing slowly has a large school for boys and girls. Sin-koe-a and Tekchiu-kha churches are planning to open a n e w mission station in addition to the one they together support at Phoa-bo. A m o y Island,

T e k -c h i u -k h a (S e c o n d C h u r c h ).— This congregation,.since the fire a year ago, has been m u c h scattered, m a n y families having m o v e d to Kolongsu. This church is very liberal in contributions for Christian work. After their old church burned d o w n the people agreed to raise $7,­ 000 silver (the Board promising the other $7,000) towards build­ ing a n e w church, street chapel, parsonage, and school building. Although m a n y of the congregation suffered m u c h from the fire still they have been “cheerful givers,” and for months past their part of the agreement has been practically fulfilled while they have been anxiously waiting for the m o n e y from h o m e to c o m ­ plete the buildings. T h e one absorbing interest of the pastor and people has been their n e w church building. T h e y have watched every stone put in its place, and are justly proud of their fine n e w church which they hope to dedicate w h e n Dr. Hutton, Dr. C o b b and party arrive next February. Che-chiu the mission station belonging to this church reports progress. • K o l o n g s u .— In connection with the English Presbyterian M i s ­ sion, our Mission has taken its share in the S u n d a y services held in the “Douglas Memorial.” Besides the weekly church prayer meeting, t w o meetings for w o m e n have been held each w e e k in private houses. This a u t u m n the tw o meetings have been m e rg ed into one. O - k a n g .— O f the four stations connected with this pastorate Kio-thau has the largest congregation. T h e n e w hearers at K a n g thau, reported last year, c a m e from mixed motives, and the in­ crease in attendance w a s of short duration. M u c h of the year the pastor has been unable to do full w o r k on account of ill health, and the tw o m e n occupying the place of preachers at A m - t h a u and Chai-chung, were of little use. A t Kio-thau and Kang-thau a few w o m e n meet on S u n d a y and once in .the w e e k for prayer. A n all day conference w a s held with the w o m e n of the O - k a n g church, with an attendance of about fifty. . ' T h e lady missionaries have visited the Island stations m a n y times during the year. M o r e time and strength to devote to this w o r k with its unlimited opportunities, are greatly desired.

T h e To ng -an church is passing through a time of trial. In no other district has the plague been trlcts. so severe. Pastor Li reported in the “Church Messenger” that during the last ten years nearly 130 m e m b e r s in full c o m m u n i o n and over 300 adherents had died. This year eleven m e m b e r s and m a n y hearers were taken. Because the soil in the To ng -an district is so poor, o p i u m is the most profitable crop the farmers raise, and m a n y w h o havegiven up idolatry and ancestral worship and have been comi ng to church for years are unwilling to give up the raising of the poppy. This is especially the case at Ta w- kio where the m a ­ jority of the male m e m b e r s were disciplined for it. M a n y of these have since, with their families, left the church. Five stations (Poa-thau-chhi, - Taw-kio, Ngo-hian-keng, Tethau and Ang-tng-thau) have been without preachers for the greater part of the year and this has hindered progress most of all. ' Yet in spite of all this there has been s o m e growth. Several united with the church and m a n y hearers w h o c a m e for the first time this year have m a d e great progress in learning the truth. A t several villages in the district regular meetings for w o m e n have been held. In one, at the request of the people, the pastor and other Christians held meetings for several evenings in suc­ cession and n o w a goodly n u m b e r from that village attend church. A class for girls w a s started at the beginning of the year. T h e y meet on Saturday afternoon at the house of the missionaries, memorize h y m n s and texts and listen to Bible lessons. T h e W o m a n ’s Th ur sda y meeting for Bible study and prayer has been kept up every w e e k and is well attended. ' A t the beginning of the year the general prayer meeting on Friday evening began with a good deal of interest but w a s given up after a few months because the people ceased to come. Pastor and people are rejoicing because their hope of having an ordained missionary in their midst is at last fulfilled. Mr. Ecker­ son has been appointed by the Mission to take charge of this field. A t Chioh-jim the preacher M a r k and his wife M o a have given very efficient’service. Tong-an and

Hong-san Dis-

T h e large district of which Poa-thau-chhi is one of the n u m e r ­ ous villages has had a preacher for only a few months of the year. There are splendid opportunities in this and the Sai-pi dis­ trict, but for lack of workers w e must year after year let them slip. There has been considerable trouble and delay in securing a site for the n e w chapel at Poa-thau-chhi, and the case has been in the Chinese law courts for a long time, but a stamped deed for > a very desirable site is n o w in the U. S. Consulate, and w e hope the building will soon begin. A t Sai-pi the small rented r o o m used as a chapel'can seat only a few m e n and there is absolutely no place provided for w o m e n , so no w o m e n can attend. . T o the praise of the Poa-thau-chhi church w e m a y add that several of our preachers and teachers are from this place, and it is another incentive to do what w e can for the To ng -an and H o n g - s a n churches, to r e m e m b e r that they have furnished to our Mission five pastors and m a n y preachers, teachers and Bible women. ' H o n g -S a n rejoices in the completion of its enlarged church at Te-soa. Although it has no resident missionary; its nearness to A m o y and To ng -an ma ke s it possible for missionaries to' visit it often. O f its stations, four in number, A n k h o e is still the most flourishing. In the Chioh-be church the w o r k is steadily ^fstrict1'11 & r o w 'n S- Prayer meetings have been well at­ ’ tended and a yery earnest spirit prevails. A large n u m b e r of w o m e n attend. T h e one out-station of Chioh-be, Haiteng, has m a d e a little progress during the year. ■ A t the Chiang-Chiu church the attendance has been unusually large and the attention and order at service exceptionally good. A large y o u n g people’s society meets on S u n d a y evening. T h e usual meetings for w o m e n have been well attended at Chiang-chiu and out-stations. M a n y of the church people suffered se­ verely f r o m the flood but the lives of all were spared, although s o m e had narrow escapes. T h e people as a whole bore their losses cheerfully, and instead of complaints for what wa s lost, there w a s gratitude for w h at w a s spared. T h e Chiang-chiu church is still without a pastor. T h e n e w

house for the missionary is n o w completed and is occupied by Rev. and Mrs. Boot. T h e Thian-san church covers a very large territory. . A t Thian-po the n u m b e r of attendants at S u n d a y service has been doubled during the year. ■ T h e E - g a w station is doing very well considering the inad­ equacy of the building used as a chapel, and the non-residence of its preacher. A t Leng-soa the large n u m b e r of hearers previously reported continues, and s o m e have been admitted into full communion. T h e y are also active in preaching the gospel to those w h o are still outside. Fo r part of the year they organized parties to go out one or m o r e days each w e e k to preach and sell Christian lit­ erature in the surrounding villages. A t Ho e- khe and E-lam there is little,progress. T h e Soa-sia station is beginning to plan for separation from the parent church, hoping to form a n e w organization with the coop­ eration of the stations farther up the river. La m-khi has its chapel practically completed as the year closes, and the brethren have cooperated most liberally in its erection, having contributed more, than two hundred days of labor. A t Chun-tiu m o r e w o m e n than m e n attend and they also s h o w greater knowledge of the truth; s o m e of them have m a d e remark­ able progress in memorizing h y m n s and learning to read the R o ­ manized. In the stations of Tiu-ka and Chioh-kio or Ho-khi, as w e must k n o w it after this, the w o r k is also on a firmer footing than it w a s in the beginning of the year. Fo r the first time since the station w a s opened Tiu-ka has its o w n preacher. T h e n e w chapel at H o khi will be completed by the e n d of the Chinese year, and the Chioh-kio w o r k will be transferred to this place which is on a main road, and furnishes a greater opportunity for reaching the people. ■ T a k e n as a whole the Thian-san church shows a distinct ad-, vance during the past year. ' MiSs C a p p o n gave her whole time last fall to visiting the outstations of Chiang-chiu, Thian-san and Sio-khe. She has m a d e

m a n y long and difficult journeys and spent m u c h time at each place, teaching, holding meetings and visiting homes. T h e flood of the late s u m m e r is the importantevent of the year in the Sio-khe valley. District. O f the four churches there Toa-lo-teng suffered most,,the pastor's house being completely destroyed and the pas­ tor with his family and the chapel keeper left in the raging flood. T h e pastor, his wife and tw o children, after m u c h suffering were saved, but the chapel keeper and two of the children were drowned. O n ly one or tw o families living on the hillsides escaped loss of goods, while eleven in this little church lost al­ most all. This severe trial has discouraged m a n y of them. N a t ­ urally the n u m b e r of hearers greatly decreased and even the church m e m b e r s have not been as faithful as before the flood. T h e pastor has for s o m e time been contemplating resigning, mainlv because of disagreements in the church. Fo r the station itself the outlook is anything but bright. A t the P h a w - a station of this church the large n u m b e r of hear­ ers continues and s o m e of the fruits are c o mi ng in. Several have been admitted to full church membership. A t Toa-pi w e are thankful that the w o r k has not gone backward during the year. T h e loss of goods a m o n g the m e m b e r s of the Sio-khe church by reason of the flood is not as great as at Toa-lo-teng, and the church being firmly established, the effect has not been so disas­ trous. • This church is in m a n y respects at a standstill. Duri ng the year at various times s o m e of the m o re zealous m e m b e r s have tried to stir u p n e w life by various methods, but the effect has been only temporary. It is to be regretted that there is not whole hearted cooperation a m o n g the m e m b e r s of consistory, nor be­ tween s o m e of the consistory and the pastor. T w o weekly meetings have been kept up for w o m e n and in the a u t u m n a n e w plan wa s started to reach the heathen neighbors. T h e y were invited every W e d n e s d a y afternoon to se w for a few hours and to attend a meeting. E a c h is paid thirty cash (about one and a half cents) for her work. F r o m ten to twenty w o m e n have attended each week, w h o otherwise would not c o m e to Sio>khe

Christian services. O n e of Pastor lap’s daughters superintends the w o r k and one or m o r e Christian w o m e n assist. A t Hong-thau-poa there continues to be reason for m u c h hope. This station is so far a w a y f r om all others that it is really pioneer territory. Curiosity has so me w h a t died d o w n an d therefore the n u m b e r of hearers is not so large as at the beginning, but be­ tween twenty and' thirty are regular in their attendance on S u n ­ day, and s o m e ten or fifteen c o m e each evening. T h e fact that during the year ten have learned to read the R o ma niz ed colloquial fluently is very promising. There is nothing of special interest to report of the Lam-sin church. T h e repairs of the church roof, which w a s d a m a g e d by white ants, have been completed. There has been no primary school during the ,last'half of the year, and a very small n u m b e r in attendance during the first half because of the indifference of the y o u n g m a n appointed to teach. , T h e enthusiasm of the Poa-a pastor influences the m e m b e r s of that church and they are active in preaching the gospel a m o n g their neighbors. T h e result is seen in the large n u m b e r of church members. T h e n e w church building though not quite completed is already being used for S u n d a y services and is a great comfort to the large audience. T h e n e w station of Siang-khe has been assigned to this organi­ zation, and will furnish a field for the activities of the Poa-a peo­ ple. A t the out-station of Toa-khe, where the plague w a s exceed­ ingly severe during the year, there is no increase in numbers, although the preacher has been very faithful in all his work. A t A m - a n the m e m b e r s seem to be w a k i n g up, and they have been trying to bring in n e w hearers with considerable success. A look over the whole field calls for prayer for a deeper spiritual life in all the churches. 0 .


Theological Seminary.

T h e exceptionally able pastor, K e h Nga-pit, w ]10 for several years has taught in this institut-jorij resigned last s u m m e r because he has united

with the Seventh D a y Adventists. His place w a s temporarily filled by T a n Soan-lerig, another able and very earnest pastor. O u r mission had six students at the beginning of the year, but the plague wa s fatal to one of these. O n Saturdays the stu­ dents of the Seminary have gone to near villages to preach. Fo r ec o n o m y of time and mutual profit the students of this s e m ­ inary and those of the L o n d o n Mission have met several times each w e e k in united classes. Since Dr. F a g g left there has been no missionary to represent our Mission on the staff. ■ M k . W a r n s h u i s has been in charge since Mr l Pitcher's return to the United States. T h e school had an attendance of 61 in the first term, and 53 in the second. T h e study of English w a s introduced at the beginning of the year, taught the first term by Mrs. Pitcher, Mr. Boot and Mr. Eckerson, and the second term by Mrs. W a r n ­ shuis. A n elementary course in Physics has also been added, taught by Dr. Stumpf. T h e appreciation of this by the Chinese w a s s h o w n by the gift of a very complete set of ap­ paratus, costing $175 silver, by a few m e m b e r s of the Sin-koe-a church. T h e boys have maintained their Christian Endeavor Society. T h e head teacher N g Ma-hui w a s obliged to resign his w o r k in the a u t u m n on account of ill health. H e is. expecting to resume it next year. T h e Mission continues its urgent plea of years that a mission­ ary be sent to give undivided attention to this institution. Talmage Memorial.

Boys’ Primary

M i s s oK. M . T a l m a g e in charge. T h e school |las fjeen m o r e than full. A t the opening exer-

' cises five or six boys often sat on a seat m a d e for three. T w o rooms in a house near by were rented for dormi­ tories, as it w a s impossible to accommodate all in the school build­ ing. T h e whole n u m b e r of pupils enrolled w a s one hundred

and ten, over ninety each term, between forty and fifty being day pupils. T h e fees have been larger than in any previous year, over $ 750O n opening school in M a r c h w e missed the ten boys w h o left to enter the ‘"Middle School.” T h e tw o y o u n g m e n w h o c a m e for a .year of study are n o w married, and both deacons in the churches to which they belong. T h e accounts w e hear of them are satis­ factory. O n e goes very often with the preacher to preach to the heathen. O f the tw o pupil-teachers Cheng-liam and Thian-chu w h o have g r o w n up in the school and been of valuable assistance, one is in the Theological Seminary, and the other employed by. the native church as a school teacher on the island of Q u e m o y . T h e latter has given m u c h satisfaction, as besides his school work, he usually takes the S u n d a y services at one of the out-stations. In the a u t u m n an evangelist visited A m o y for a few days. S e v ­ eral of the meetings were specially for the schools. V e r v m a n y of the pupils rose for prayer. It w a s feared that s o m e of them did not understand the seriousness of deciding for Christ, but afterwards it w a s found that most of them quite understood. O n questioning s o m e w h o had not risen for prayer, one little fellow “Harmonious-happiness” said so brightly and earnestly, “I did not stand up because I a m already the Lord's disciple.” Several others gave the s a m e answer. W e feel that m a n y of the boys are real Christians. This year the teaching of English w a s introduced, Miss S. R. Dury ee taking the entire charge of this department. A b o u t onethird of the school joined the class. T h e y seem to enjoy the study and try hard to pronounce the, to them, almost unpronounc­ able consonants. Mr. Eckerson has given the boys physical exercise and military drill four mornings each week, m u c h to their joy and development.


in charge. Duri ng the past SchooHor v e a r there have been fewer w o m e n than usual in Womenthe school. T h e year's enrollment w a s thirtyseven. In the a u t u m n the w o m e n , except one, w h o is a church member, joined a class of enquirers wishing to confess their faith in Christ. T he Charlotte





T h e Bible w o m e n with a few other leading w o m e n were invited to the W o m e n ’s School for two weeks of Bible study 'and confer­ ence. Fifteen responded to the invitation. T h e y returned to their fields having received m u c h n e w impetus for work. girls’ b o a r d i n g s c h o o l s .

M iss M . E. T a l m a g e in charge. There were ninety-two pupils enrolled during the year. These c a m e .from A m o y and country stations. Nearly all of their h o m e s have been visited, so that something is k n o w n of their h o m e life. T h e teachers have given most faithful work, none m o re so than Bo-gi w h o never seems to rest, teaching all day and doing the w o r k of matron besides. ■ Mrs. T a l m a g e has taken every w e e k t w o classes in Geography, one in Bible study and one in dictation, besides correcting the girls’ written analyses of the S u n d a y sermons. O u r greatest joy is to see those for w h o m w e w o r k growing in spiritual life. . T he Lord has given to us this year s o m e taste of this. In different w a ys m a n y of the girls have s h o w n awakening of conscience and desire to do right. O n e mo rn ing an invitation w a s given to those troubled in conscience to c o m e in the after­ noon to tell the trouble an d to pray about it. It w a s thought two or three might perhaps accept, but over twenty came. T h e y were received one by one. Their confessions were like the following: O n e girl confessed with tears, “I told a falsehood to m y teacher, it w a s I w h o wrote on the slate and I said I did not.” Later on she m a d e the s a m e confession to the teacher. Another child said, “Last term I stole writing paper from Double,” her classmate, etc., etc. After the various confessions all kneeled and m a n y short prayers followed in quick succession, sometimes tw o be­ ginning at the same time, asking G o d to forgive. In the end of N o v e m b e r w h e n the evangelist, Rev. F. Fronson, spoke to' all the schools, most of the pupils were m u c h impressed, and since then m a n y have s h o w n by w o r d and actions a desire to live a m o r e Christ-like life. O n e said, “M y heart truly longs to trust in the L o r d and to please Hirfi by wh at I do, but I do not


understand what it me an s to be born again.” Another, “I feel sure that G o d has forgiven m y sins, that I belong to the Lord Jesus.” Several girls will probably be received into church c o m ­ m u n i o n early next year. ' M i s s C a p p o n and M i s s M o r r i s o n in charge. T h e total n u m b e r of pupils has been sixty-three, including eight w o m e n . T h e teacher of the previous year being unable to remain, w e were able to secure a y o u n g w o m a n , w h o had for eight years been in the A m o y school, and w h o has proved herself capable and trustworthy. G o o d progress has been m a d e in all branches of study, and on the whole the spirit of the school has been highly satisfactory. T h e Christian En de avo r Society started last year held monthly meetings, and has been an influence for good in the school. Chiang-chiu.

M r s . K ip in charge. Moa,> w h o had given . m u c h satisfaction as teacher, left in January of last year to be married to Mark, the y o u n g preach­ er at Choh-jim. T h e school w a s sorry to lose her, but she will be useful as a leader of w o m e n in her husband’s congregation. In M o a ’s place is the former teacher of the Tek-chiu-kha girls’ day school which had to be given u p a year ago on account of the fire. She has had a little experience in kindergarten methods, and as the school has had a large proportion of little pupils she has put her knowledge to use by giving them a half hour of exercises in the middle of the afternoon. O n e of our brightest girls, a daughter of the Poa-a pastor has been promoted to the A m o y school, where her older sister has al­ ready been studying a year. W e hope they will both become teachers. ’ T h e school escaped better than most of our mission property in the great flood of August. Sio-khe.

M i s s Z v v e m e r and M i s s L. N. D u r y e e in charge. In the spring term there wfere thirtyTong-an. six enrolled and twenty-four in the a u t u m n term. Although there w a s plague in all the immediate neigh­ borhood, not a case occurred in the school. T h e second teacher W o m e n ’s and

Girls’ School,

w a s married in the s u m m e r and only one teacher has been e m ­ ployed since. ^ ’ T h e first purchase of land for the n e w building given by the W o m a n ’s Board has been made. N o better site could be desired. It adjoins the house of the missionaries and is on the outskirts of a large village. • '

Primary schools have been maintained in the tvv0 A m o y churches, To ng - a n Te-soa, Chioh-be, m a r y Schools. (^i1jailg.ci1jUi Thian-san, Soa-sia, Sio-khe, Poa-a,

Parochial Pri-

and Lam-sin. These have varied in size and efficiency. The. lar­ gest schools belong to Sin-koc-a, Chiang-chiu and Chioh-be. M o s t of the pupils are connected with Christian families, but m a n y c o m e from heathen h o me s and are carrying little lights of truth into the darkness. Since our last report three of our girls have been married, and three little ones have been added to our number. ■ T h e older girls are giving m u c h satisfaction. It is very grati­ fying to see the interest the children take in one another. W e most heartily thank the m a n y kind friends w h o have so liberally re membered the H o m e . “Inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of the least of these, ye have done it unto me.” Children’s home.

HOSPITALS. For the greater part of the year there has been only one p h y ­ sician connected with our Mission on the field, therefore the Siokhe hospital w a s not opened. In regard to H o p e Hospital and the Netherlands W o m a n ’s H o s ­ pital Dr. S t u m p f reports as follows: “During the past year w e were greatly saddened by the loss of Dr. Myers, w h o had charge of the W o m a n ’s Hospital, and had regular dispensary w o r k at the Tek-chiu-kha hospital at A m o y . In consequence of her departure and the extra press of w o r k atthe m e n ’s, hospital, it has been impossible-to give the W o m a n ’s Hospital the attention it has formerly had. In addition to this the w o r k w a s handicapped by the dismissal of one of the students and the inefficiency of one of the two remaining.

“T h e men's hospital on the other hand has been reinforced by three students from Dr. F a h m y ’s hospital at Chiang-chiu, which has been closed during the doctor’s absence on furlough. These together with the four from Sio-khe and the two H o p e Hospital students m a k e nine in all. I might say that were it not for the efficient help of David, the chief assistant, it would often have been quite impossible to finish the w o r k required for the day. David is n o w able to do m a n y operations and also has the burden of hos­ pital accounts on his hands, which, m e an s a greal deal of work. “This year the subjects taught have been, Practice of M e d i ­ cine, Anatomy, Physiology, Surgery, Physical diagnosis and O b ­ stetrics. I have done considerable in bedside clinical instruction with great advantage to students and encouragement to me. "There has been such a large increase in the n u m b e r of patients c o mi ng for the cure of the o p iu m habit that it required the set­ ting aside of a large r o o m for this purpose, and a fee of tw o dol­ lars wa s instituted in order to keep the n u m b e r of patients within bounds. "There has been s o m e falling off in the n u m b e r of dispensary cases, which is also the case in- the other foreign hospitals of this region. This is due to the increasing n u m b e r of foreign-trained medical students (graduates of Mission hospitals) practicing in all the cities and m a n y of the important towns of the A m o y re­ gion. H o w e v e r the w o r k done in the hospital is mo re satisfac­ tory, not only from a medical but perhaps even m o r e from an evangelistic point of view, an d it is a real pleasure to see people c o m e in ever increasing nu mb ers to the hospital, for it is there that they are most likely to become interested in the gospel. “There are not only t w o services held daily, but a good deal of personal w o r k is done in the wards which is m u c h mo re efficient than preaching. W h e n a patient shows an interest and desire to learn the gospel, on his departure a letter is given h i m to hand the pastor or preacher of the church nearest his h o m e so that he m a y be visited and that the seed which has been planted m a y not c o m e to naught. “M a y G o d bless the w o r k that has been done this year to the glory of His name.” .

In-patients. Dispensary patients. Operations. H o p e Hospital .... 1518 549^ 431 Neth. W o m a n ’s Hos. 343 7°7 I&7 1861




In addition to the regular visits to the W o m a n ' s Hospital, con­ nected with H o p e Hospital, Miss T a l m a g e has m a d e regular visits to Dr. Ethel Tribe’s hospital in A m o y , where there have been ex­ ceptional opportunities for preaching to the heathen, as the clinics have been largely attended by w o m e n and children. In this wayhundreds and thousands have had the .gospel preached to them, and m a n y have been truly interested in the w a y of salvation. Dr. Tribe has kindly gone with Miss T a l m a g e fortnightly to Phoa-bo one of our stations on A m o y Island, three miles from the city, to hold clinics for the w o m e n and children. M a n y from the surrounding villages have responded to the offer of healing, and the chapel has usually been full. Besides the preaching the pa­ tients are spoken to individually, and m a n y are the texts and prayers learned. . NEEDS. M o r e workers are needed in each department of the work. W e m a k e an urgent request for a reinforcement of at least five n e w missionaries. T h e Mission’s immediate need is for one ordained m a n for evangelistic work, one m a n to devote his time to educa' tional work, one m a n and one w o m a n for medical work, and one w o m a n for evangelistic and school work.



t o r g a n i z e d



The Mission occupies:


11 Taluqs (Counties)...... 2 " " ...... 2 " “ ...... 1 “ “ ...... Total........ 16 Taluqs (Counties)......

In the North Arcot IHstricl, •• South Arcot District, •• C u d d a p a h District, ■* Mysore Province,


L s


6.848 399 1.668 418 8,333

1,864,139 216,639 254,396 68.927 2,400,000

1,350,000, Tamil: 890.000, Telugu; 160,000. Hindustani, Kanarese, etc.

Missionaries.-Rev. Jacob Chamberlain, D. D., M. D„ Coonoor; J. H. Wyckoft, D. D., Vellore; Rev. E. C. Scudder. Tlndivanam; William I. Chamberlain, Ph.D.. Vellore; Lewis R. Scudder. M. D.. Ranlpettal; Lewis B. Chamberlain. Chittoor; Henry J. Scudder, Madanapalle; Walter T. Scudder, Ranlpettal; Mr. William H. Farrar, A m i ; Mrs. John Scudder. Vellore; Miss M. K. Scudder, Madanapalle; Miss

Vellore........ Total........

47 43 14

1 2 1 1 1 4 6 2

164 396 77 218 14 699 576 260


30 u 12 2 14 64 31


Total of congrega* tion. » Number of Sunday Schools.

268 409 23 390 56 603 822 707

Re. a . p . 240 498 621 15 8 326 734 1013 3 0 372 11 10 17 229 619 855 2 10 52 108 268 6 8 506 1110 1648 11 11 216 1038 971 0 2 627 1234 926 2 8

•3 H



Baptized children.

83 <•>V

Total incommunion. Baptized adults not communicants.

: Received on Confes. sion.


g 'O 9



n 0?



11 27 2 18

Organized ehurchee.’

Stations .


Louisa H. Hart, M. D., Miss Ida S. Scudder. M. D., Miss Annie E. Hancock, Miss Lillian M. Hart, Vellore; Miss Alice B. Van Doren, Ranlpettal. Associate Missionaries.— Mrs. J. Chamberlain. Mrs. J. H. WyckofI, Mrs. E. C. Scudder, Mrs. L. R. Scudder. Mrs. L. B. Chamberlain. Mrs. H. J. Scudder. Mrs. W. T. Scudder, M. D„ Mrs. W. H. Farrar. In America.— Rev. Dr. and Mrs. J. W. Scudder, Miss Julia C. Scudder, Mrs. W. I. Chamberlain, Rev. and Mrs. J. A. Beattie. Native Helpers.— Ordained Pastors, 13; Other helpers, men, 267; w o m e n , 163. Total’ .423. Boarding Schools.— Boys’, 5: scholars, 321: Girls’, 4; scholars, 177: Theological Seminary, 1; students, 22: Day schools, 163; scholars, 6,641: Total: Schools, 173; Scholars’7,161. .Hospitals.-Three. Out patients, 33,891; in-patients, 1,142. Total, 35,033.

18 32 5 30 7 45 41 36

209 78 244 594 335 278 461 1353 118 55 78 258 206 184 316 769 30 8 30 78 615 576 1035 2963 781 327 1023 2471 320 157 357 1042

15 30 1 10 4 40 40 23

162 182404 168 2132614 1663'35449528 163326821125383 6577 6 9


R E P O R T F O R 1904. India is said to be a land of extremes, and the year just passing'has furnished m a n y proofs of the truth of the statement. T h e year opened with rivers everywhere in flood, tanks full to overflowing and every prospect bright for a time of plenty. It closes with rivers dry, tanks empty, crops blighted and famine prospects everywhere. E o o d prices have risen and m a n y predict a famine equal to the one that visited India in ’77 and '78. M a y G o d grant that such a calamity m a y be averted. Sickness, sorrow, disease and death have entered m a n y h o me s in our community, making'this the first year of our n e w period of history as a Mission, one in which w e must say in a special w a y that '‘T h e hand of our G o d has been upon us.’' • ’ 'Threatened Famine.

This disease has raged within our borders again and in h e w localities. T h e epidemic that began in N o v e m b e r in Arni and Vellore raged until April. In the former place all Mission and School w o r k at the ■station ceased. T h e t o wn w a s well-night deserted, but in spite of that m a n y deaths occurred. Bazaars were closed, and food supplies had to be brought from Ranipettai, 18 miles away. Three of our native Christians succumbed to the disease, one being attacked on the compound. T h e first death w a s that of the wife of the native pastor, w h o died in the plague c a m p after an ill­ ness of four days. Madanapalle had the worst experience. All the people w h o ■could fled from the town. All others c a m p e d in the fields about the t o wn in groups of from five to ten families, each caste having its o w n camp. Madanapalle w a s literally a city of the dead. Caste wa s forgotten and Brahmins in their fright left their dead to be buried by the lowest caste. T h e G o v e rnm en t of M a d r a s sent 100 sepoys to disinfect the town, and the w o r k w a s thor­ oughly done. Trade w a s paralyzed. All schools were closed until April an d the town w a s not fully reoccupied until the latter part of June. s In Vayalpad plague appeared in A u g u s t an d although not very ■many cases occurred, the t o w n w a s evacuated an d the t w o flourThe Plague,

ishing schools there were not reopened at all, as the people will not return until after an auspicious day which occurs next April. T h e disease broke out also in Chetpet 16 miles from Arni in January. T h e town wa s in perfect terror. All night long the heathen people marched u p and d o w n beating d r u m s and calling the n a m e of Govinda while the Romanists held a car festival and dr ew the image of the Virgin about the streets. But the disease g r e w worse and .soon the whole town wa s deserted and the people „ c a m p e d in the fields where m a n y of them died. It wa s very late in the season before our school there resumed work. ■ Palmaner also suffered from a severe outbreak of the disease toward the close of the year, but the teachers and students bravely stood by the w o r k of the Seminary and kept it open. ’MISSIONARIES.


Early in the year, ow in g to ill health, Dr. J. W . Scudder and his family were obliged to sail for America. T h e y have spent the year in California. . Dr. Jacob Chamberlain so far regained his health as to be able to resume w o r k on his Telugu Bible Dictionary, and to take full charge of the w o r k of the Coonoor Church and Station. Dr. and Mrs. J. H . W y c k o f f returned from furlough in D e ­ cember after an absence of nearly three years, and were heartily welcomed. Miss Lillian Hart, a trained nurse, c a m e with them, an d will be a very welcome addition to the staff of the M a r y Taber Schell Hospital, Vellore. F o u r births occurred during the year as follows: O n M a r c h 23, to Mr. and Mrs. W . H . Farrar, Arni, a daughter. O n M a y 17, to Dr. and Mrs. L. R. Scudder, Ranipettai, a daughter. . O n July 1st, to Rev. and Mrs. L. B. Chamberlain, Chittoor, a daughter. . O n October 27, to Rev. and Mrs. H . J. Scudder, Madanapalle, a daughter. In.July Rev. and Mrs. J. A. Beattie left India on furlough after 10 years of faithful and fruitful service. ’ , ' >.-On M a y 7 occurred the sudden death of Eleanor, eldest d a u g h ­ ter,of Rev.'and, Mrs. W.. I...Chamberlain, of Vellore. H e r life wa s

a-sweet benediction an d she leaves with us a blessed m e m o r y and a glorious hope. Truly of such is the K i n g d o m of Heaven.' ’ ■ In October the serious illness of Alma, the other daughter, m a d e it imperative that she and her mother should leave 'India at once. Mr . Chamberlain accompanied them to the Mediterranean and then returned alone to India. All unite in the hope that the change m a y be beneficial, and that ere long both m a y be restored to the h o m e thus left so desolate. . . All rejoice in the complete recovery of Galen, oldest son of Dr. and Mrs. L. R. Scudder, of Ranipettai, w h o w a s obliged to to an operation for appendicitis in October. NATIVE WORKERS.



M u c h effort has been put.forth of late by Help- ; ers’ Conferences, the distribution of devotional . literature, and by increased attention to, B i W f study, to raise the spiritual tone of our native agency. Bu t there are still s o m e w h o are m o r e easily led by the influence around t h e m than by the p o we r of the unseen Spirit of God. , . Conferences,

Sorr ow and death have entered several of the h o m e s of prominent m e m b e r s of our native corriL munity. Early in January Elizabeth Whitehead; wife of the pastor of the Arni Churcli died from plague leaving six children, most of t h em small. Just tw o months later one of the children died suddenly in the Ranipettai School. ' 1 Mrs. M a r y Gnanamani, of Madanapalle, after m a n y weeks of loving Christian service caring for the m a n y stricken ones during the plague epidemic, w a s herself attacked by the disease and passed a w a y on M a r c h 17th, leaving a husband and tw o sons. T h e high estimate in which Mrs. G n a n a m a n i w a s held w a s illustrated by a public memorial movement. T h e s u m realized is large and with it needed apparatus will be supplied to the H o s ­ pital where she labored, and a fitting m o n u m e n t erected in our beautiful cemetery. A great trial w a s sent to Rev. Joseph John, of Madanapalle, and his family in the long continued illness of their eldest d a u g h ­ ter, Mary, w h o passed a w a y on October 9th. ' Afflictions,

T w o children of our native Christian co m m u n i t y died in D e ­ cember of hydrophobia. T h e annual Bible examination for the m e n took Examinations. P*306 aS U?Ual in A u & ust> and that for the w o m e n ' ’ in October. M u c h interest wa s s h o w n in the study of the portions assigned, a healthy rivalry having sprung up in recent years a m o n g the various stations. T h e results of the m e n ’s examination were so me w h a t discouraging. M a n y had studied the O l d Testament portion carefully, and nearly every one passed in that, but the N e w Testament portion,— the B o o k of Ro m a n s , first half— proved very difficult and m a n y failed in that. STATION


. M a d a n a p a l l e .— T h e time of the pastor of this church is di­ vided between the station and village congregations! ' T h e con­ gregation has increased from 730 to 769. F o u r adults and 27 children were baptized during the year, 12 were received on confession and 30 on certificate. T h e congregation isjejoicing in the prospect of a n e w house of worship. ■ V e l l o r e .— This church stands as a model in its development of the idea of self-support and native management. It has continued to g r o w in every way. Its pastor w a s seriously ill during the lat­ ter part of the year and the church allowed hi m full salary for three months and provided supplies. T h e membership has in^ creased, 18 having been received on confession of faith at one time; the congregation numbers about 400. Contributions have increased 10 per cent. T h e house of worship has been renovated at an expense of Rs. 200, the pastor’s salary regularly and prompt­ ly met, and the consistory is to be c o m m end ed . T h e church has also supported a native Evangelist in the outlying district. C h i t t o o r . This church received 67 n e w m e m b e r s and closes the year with 253 on its rolls. The- pastor has charge of a large n u m b e r of village congregations also. ^ P a l m a n e r .— O n l y 14 families of 78 m e m b e r s were connected with this church this year as the.congregation is mostly d r a w n from the students of the Theological Seminary, which did not enroll as m a n y as formerly. Bu t the contributions amounted to Rs.

268-677 which is commendable. T h e Congregational, S u nd ay School and Evangelistic w o r k w a s conducted entirely under nar tive supervision, o w i n g to the absence of Dr. J, W . Scudder and family. ■ ■\ A r n i .— T h e great sorrow that befell the pastor of this church m a d e it difficult for h i m to be a m o n g the villages as m u c h as last year. T h e congregational w o r k has been carried on as usual,. S u n ­ day Schools, Christian Endeavor Societies, M e n ’s Bible class. W o m e n ’s prayer meetings, etc. Several w o r k m e n having left the Industrial School during the year, their contributions ceased, which affected the a m o u n t given for pastor’s salary. T h re c m e m ­ bers were received on confession of faith. .. R a n i p e t t a i .-^TIu s church is not only self-supporting but with the aid of a grant by the Mission has undertaken the care and supervision of a group of eight villages near Ranipettai. T h e w o r k has proved an.impetus, to the church and has helped .to 0 develop the native agency. ' . , -A helper in one-of these villages has had an experience of special trial. Last D e c e m b e r the whole village w a s swept away.,by .the.flood and the helper and his family barely escaped with their lives. T h e church rebuilt the house and put u p a hut- for -the temporary use of the school, but in a very short time both were burned .to the ground and again the helper lost everything. .The church is again rebuilding the house, but in a less secluded locar tion. . . , >. . . . C o o n o o r .— This year has been very important, in the history.of this church. Those w h o seceded from it last year s h ow ed no signs of withdrawing their antagonism, but growth has been seen all along the line. Rev. L. B. Chamberlain took .charge o f .the station early in the year, and w a s succeeded by Dr. J. C h a m b e r ­ lain in October. In September M r . Jacob So lo mon w h o has been catechist of the church .was ordained as pastor, and the church has taken on a n e w lease of life. Thirteen m e m b e r s have been received into full communion, seven adults and ten children bap­ tized, and the gifts a m o u n t to Rs. 372-11-10 as against Rs. 170­ 12-0 last year. ' • • , T i n d i v a n a m .— Nine united with the church on confession of faith. T h e church contributions have been m o r e than sufficient

for the pastor’s salary and church expenses. T w o prominent .members have died. O n e event of importance w a s the establish­ m e n t of the custom of not reelecting m e m b e r s of Consistory w h e n their term of office expires. This will be beneficial in that' n e w persons with n e w ideas will be introduced into the council of the ichurch from time to time, which will probably tend to healthy growth. ■ , •'


There is no part of our w o r k m o re important or m o re needy than that in the villages. A n In­ dian village! H o w insignificant it looks at a dis­ tance with its low houses of m u d and thatch hardly visible a m o n g the trees. A n d yet h o w m u c h it holds of sin, ignorance and big­ otry. Enter one seemingly so deserted and set u p a magic lan­ tern of sing a h y m n an d h o w it s w a r m s with humanity. Begin' to preach Christ and at once will be revealed the p o w e r of the ene-° my. Although the village m a y be far a w a y from centers of learnirig, distant from the public hi ghway and seemingly out Of touch with all the rest of the world, an argument on religion will'bring. One face to face with all the teachings of Hinduism, the iron rules of casfe/fhe arguments of Theosophy and the n e w Vedantism and the latest theories of Mrs. Besant. A n d the fruits of this teach­ ing are everywhere apparent. Vice of every kind abounds arid ignorance, poverty and disease are manifest on all sides. A m o n g such surroundings our catechists and teachers spend their lives, a n d our village congregations are nurtured, from which c o m e the recruits for our boarding schools and training institutions. Is it any w o n d e r that often a missionary, brought u p in Christian Am erica is shocked and saddened by the low moral tone of what he often witnesses a m o n g those w h o n a m e Christ as their S a ­ viour. It is difficult for hi m to see things as they do, or to put himself in their places. But if his sorrow is deep,, his surprise is often greater w h e n such surroundings produce, by the blessing of G o d ’s Spirit, one whose faith in G o d seems simpler, w h os e vision of the unseen is clearer than that of his brother of m o r e cultured rearing. ■ M a d a n a p A l l e .— T h e Madanapalle pastor visits each village Environment,

every month. T h e people are encouraged to memorize Bible, verses, and s o m e are able to relate any one of 26 miracles and 20 parables of Christ besides m e m o r y verses. Special meetings were held in each village by Mr . S. Cornelius arid a band. This is a form of w o r k which might be developed, as although special effort is put forth, in conferences and conventions to help our catechists and students, very little is thus done for the village congrega­ tions. Several families and one or two villages in this station are considering the claims of Christ and it is hoped m a y soon yield to H i m . ' V e l i .o r e .— T h e villages of the Vellore station, including those usually k n o w n as the Gudiyatam group, and those under the care of the Katpadi Church, n u m b e r 13, one m o r e than last year. T h e n u m b e r of families and communicants has also increased slightly. A r n i .— W o r k a m o n g the villages of the Arni field has been going on as usual, except for the interruptions caused by the plague. S o m e of the congregations have been well taught in the catechism and m e m o r y portions assigned, but the prevailing lack is still inability to exhibit in the life what is learned. R a n i p e t t a i .— T h e Ranipettai villages were faithfully minis­ tered to this year by the three native pastors of that station, the missionary in charge being unable, on account of his medical w o r k and other duties, to do m u c h visitation a m o n g them. O n e h u n ­ dred and eighty-nine families gave an average of Rs. 1-4-0 each this year, and mo re gave the stipulated rupee than before. T h e Y e h a m u r group has undertaken m u c h m o r e than ever before the care of the village congregations. “A special effort has also been m a d e to organize a congregational panchayat or assembly in each village, and to throw on this panchayat the responsibility of -all minor punishments in the congregation, and for collecting the rupee a family for the pastors’ support. T h e n a m a n ’s social standing will be affected by his non-payment of the assessment. F r o m time immemorial the social ban has been the discipline that brought offenders to terms.” Death claimed one -of the helpers of this field, A. Isaac, w h o has been in the service of the M i s ­ sion for sixteen years. His wife is n o w drawing her pension from the W i d o w s ’ A i d Society, being its first beneficiary. T i n d i v a n a m .— Ti ndivanam village w o r k has been in s o m e re-

spects discouraging. -Good crops and a time of plenty are not times of earnest seeking after G o d in any land, especially a m o n g the people of India. O n e village where quarrels and dissensions had prevailed, wa s almost entirely swept a w a y by fire. T h e R o ­ m a n church is strong in this field and hinders our'work greatly. Bu t in spite of the m a n y difficulties the pastors .have labored hard and faithfully, trusting in the promise that G o d ’s w o r d shall not return to H i m void. A short time ago the plan w a s adopted of m a k ■ certa;n central churches responsible .not only > , » ' ... ... , tor the care of the village congregations but also of village repairs, a grant being given to them- and reports being requirecl of them. This has relieved the station missionaries of the details of this w o r k which were considerable. Dr. L. R. Scudder says of the effort: “T h e w o r k has been most carefully done and the people have honestly contributed their share in work. This scheme has it seems to m e gone beyond the stage of experiment and m a y be adopted as our permanent method in future. , T h e people have rendered a good account of their stewardship and w e have established a sound method of procedure.” Steps Toward Self-support.

This method of developing the benevolence of our village congregations has been steadily g r o w ­ ing in favor and importance, especially since ef­ fort has been put forth to m a k e it'not only a time of social but also of spiritual enjoyment. T h e Christians from widely scattered vil­ lages c o m e together for two or three days at s o me central spot, bringing their offerings of grain, fowls, etc., which are sold at auc­ tion. Various amusements are provided, and on one evening there is usually a small exhibition of fire-works. Bu t a m o n g the social pleasures interesting and direct spiritual meetings are held, so that often those w h o have given of their substance to the L o r d ’s work, receive spiritual blessing, and return richer than they came. -■■As usual, four such festivals have been held. That of the Arni field, o w i n g to plague, w a s held at a place inconveniently situ­ ated. But in spite of this the attendance w a s .very good and the receipts equal to those of last year. ' T h e festivals in the Tindivanam and Ranipettai fields, (the lat­ Harvest Festivals.

ter being the combined effort of the three stations— Vellore, Chit­ toor and Ranipettai) having been held immediately after the Helpers’ Jubilee Conference, showed a falling off in receipts, as the Helpers in m a n y cases went directly from the Conference to the festival without being able to return to their villages to en­ courage, and urge their congregations to c o m e to the festival. Earnest spiritual addresses were given at both places. O w i n g to plague the Madanapalle festival had to be postponed till the sec­ on d w e e k of August. A n e w feature w a s the holding of the fes­ tival over the Sabbath. Rev. E. Tavamoni, of Palmaner, deliv­ ered several very helpful addresses and the exercises closed with the L o r d ’s Supper. O n M o n d a y the auction took place and yielded Rs. 120, the largest a m o u n t ever realized. Under, this'head m a y be mentioned also the annual anniversary of the Ranipettai Church held in July, which is s o m e w h a t similar to the Harvest Festival in its working. Reports on all the activities of the church are given after which the gifts are auctioned and a love feast pro­ vided for all. T h e total gifts this year am ou nte d to Rs. 150. A similar service has for several years been conducted at Arni on the American Thanksgiving day w h e n the gifts presented are sold at auction and a special thanksgiving service held. .


Mr. Archibald in concluding the accounf of the tour of the Children’s Evangelists through North Arcot said, “T h e C. E. is in full swing, and this provides an excellent m e an s of further nur­ ture and training for newly kindled faith,” and the reports from the various stations of our Mission this year prove that this me an s is being m u c h used. T h e Jr. C / E . is being established a m o n g the congregations in isolated villages, and is doing m u c h good. In Tindivanam a. union w a s formed of the C. E. Societies and m u ­ sical bands in the whole field. S o m e 13 societies joined the federa­ tion. B y me an s of these societies m u c h m o re interest and enthu­ siasm are manifested in Mission work, observing the quiet hour and every other form of religious activity. But in the develop­ m e nt of the w o r k a m o n g the villages w e are yet far behind our brethren in M a d u r a w h o have a vigorous District Un io n and a travelling secretary.

A m o n g several interesting C. E. anniversaries that have been .held during the year m a y be mentioned the one at Palmaner in September, the Katpadi Local U n i o n Anniversary, and the meet­ ing of the Madanapalle Societies. In the Chittoor station there are a score of societies which have been organized into four circles. A great impetus has been given to this w o r k in our mission by the fact that one of our o w n missionaries has accepted the position of Ho no rar y Secretary of the C. E. of India, B u r m a and Ceylon. T h e great need of the Indian Church is native leaders. C. E. develops the p ower of leadership and hence has c o m e to be m o re and m o r e widely welcomed and used in India. „



Sunday Schools.

These m a y be spoken of under three divisions, t|ie Station Chur ch S u n d a y Schools, the Schools £o r f£inciu gir]s anci boys, and those in the villages

for,the children w h o attend the day schools there. T h e first class are of a higher order, usually using the Internationel Lessons, \vith regular orders of service. T h e second class of schools^are 'held* in our H i n d u Girls’ School buildings, boys also being alr lowed to c o m e and often forming a good part of the attendance. These and the village schools usually employ simple' lessons in Christ’s Life and stories from the O l d Testament, interspersed with m a n y songs, and kindergarten methods for the y o u n g pupils. T h e w o r k presents m a n y encouraging, features, and is the- only direct w a y of reaching the minds of many. In the villages m e m ­ orizing of catechism questions and Bible verses is an important part of the work. These-Sunday Schools also offer a good oppor­ tunity for Christian service to the y o u n g m e n and w o m e n in our Boarding Schools w h o act as teachers and officers. O n e hundred and sixty-three schools have been maintained this year with an at­ tendance of 5,383. .


Fo r m a n y years it has been a matter of keen re­ gret that lack of funds and so m u c h Institutional w o r k have m a d e it impossible for us to give m u c h attention to the preaching of the w o r d in the unevangelized sec­ tions of our field. But this year, o w i n g to a special gift from Advance.

friends at home, w e were able to develop this w o r k to a degree u n k n o w n for years. Evangelistic bands were organized in five stations and sent forth, equipped with magic lanterns, musical instruments, tracts .and religious books. T h e three evangelists supported by the Gospel Extension Society have been working in the Polur township, as last year. T h e missionary in charge m a d e several tours with them teaching them the use of the lantern and encouraging them in their work. M a n y interesting events oc­ curred on these tours. In s o m e places great crowds welcomed them and their message. In others they met with opposition, but never in the form of violence. T i n d i v a n a m wa s the scene of active evangelistic effort. Bram a d a s u m , a village 12 miles to the east wa s reoccupied as a center, and tw o evangelists were settled there. T h e missionary of the station m a d e three tours with the m e n lasting in all 33 days. O n the second tour they had a remarkable experience in meeting a famous “s w a m i ” or ascetic. H e is a pariah, full of leprosy, and yet he claims to have the p o we r of healing the sick. Thousands flock to be healed of him, most of w h o m go a w a y disappointed. W i t h his w a n d he touched the affeced part and bade the patient go h o m e repeating the “s w a m i ’s” n a m e over and over, eat sacred ashes, etc. All castes sat together on the ground without fear of pollution. M a d a n a p a l l e .— T h e plague in Madanapalle, having m a d e necessary the closing of m a n y schools, m a d e it possible to organize the teachers thus set free into an extra band for evangelistic work. O n e special feature w a s the preaching in the camps to the people w h o had been driven from the town by the plague. M a n y marvelled at the bravery of the preachers w h o thus exposed t h e m ­ selves to danger and there were a n u m b e r w h o confessed that they had no m o r e faith in their idols and were secret disciples of Christ. T h e pastor reports tw o H i n d u y o u n g m e n w h o have accepted Christ evidently in secret but are unwilling to do so in public. There have been three bands, each with a magic lantern and musical instruments, and they have travelled m a n y hundreds of miles and preached to thousands of people. A n e w evangelistic center, Royalpad, w a s opened, buildings being secured and dedi­ cated. ' •

RANtPETTAi.'— In the Ranipettai field tw o bands have been at work, one in the" Arcot region, the other in'that-of Kaveripak. Dr. Scudder says " T h e efforts of the evangelistic bands in Arcot and Kaveripak have opened up several villages most hopefully. T w o in Arcot express themselves as ready to come. In another a m a n cured in the Hospital counts himself a Christian and says he is working to bring a sufficient n u m b e r of families over to secure a teacher for his village. A m a n near Kaveripak says he is anxious to become a Christian and attends services on Sunday. T w o vil­ lages quite far apart have been considered quite hopeful, and in several other places one or m o re families have expressed a desire to c o m e under instruction. These signs of aw akening are en­ couraging as they c a m e before the failure of the m o n s o o n and have no connection with famine relief.” ' A r n i .— In Arni and vicinity evangelistic w o r k w a s carried on quite faithfully by the boys of the Industrial School, and in Vel­ lore and Palmaner by the students of the institutions there. In Vellore a special evangelistic band of two enthusiastic preachers was appointed in February, with Pallikonda as its headquarters. T h e y have preached to 30,000 people. ' T h e Vellore Church has continued to be represented in this i m ­ portant its evangelist. H e has sometimes gone alone and" sometimes in c o m p a n y with the band mentioned above. His re­ port comes before the Session of the Church each m o n t h and his' w o r k is thus under frequent review. T h e Senior Christian Endeavor Society of Katpadi sends forth a band of preachers each m o n t h to evangelize in regions be­ yond the ordinary reach of its members. This Society also carries out an annual evangelistic tour at its o w n expense. . T h r o u g h these various instrumentalities the Gospel has been preached to m o re than 100.000 people in the Vellore field this year, • and ins the entire mission 684,000 have heard the good n e ws of salvation. '

T h e two evangelists for M o h a l m m e d a n work have joined different bands at different times and have preached the w o r d in Hindustani to m a n y hundreds. Duri ng the m o n t h of August they visited the Vellore station and went out with a band of evangelists and preached in a « W o r k for Mohammedans.

section where M o h a m m e d a n s live, and in N o v e m b e r one of them w o rk ed in the Chittoor field. EDUCATIONAL



T h e Principal in reviewing the w o r k of this Institution savs “ T h e year just passed has left us nothing of which to complain in regard to conditions within the College that w e could control. Plague continues to mena ce us and lay waste our m a n y plans. It appeared again at the c o m m e n c e m e n t of the year just as our Col­ lege classes were formed and these consequently fell m o re than 30 per cent, in strength and fees dropped Rs. 1,000." • In other respects however the Institution has prospered. T h e College students secured results in the University Examinations m u c h above the average of the Presidency. Gentlemen from abroad have visited the College and lectured to the students. A n e w effort w a s m a d e to bring the students and masters in close relationship by a series of A t H o m e s at the h o m e of the Principal, which were very interesting and of use in developing the social side of the life of the College. T h e Institution closed the year with an' attendance of 900. T h e Branch Schools in connection with the College have done a good year's w o r k but have also been affected by the prevalence of the plague, one school, that at K a t ­ padi having been twice closed on this account. T h e attendance at these schools has been over 500. In spite of loss of fees the Col­ lege closes the year without a deficit. Large plans are being m a d e for future development. After a long delay land has .finally been secured and plans are being drawn- up for the early erection of a college hall, a primary school, two hostels and a principal’s resi­ dence. HIGH SCHOOLS, ETC.

T h e Tindivanam H i g h School which was opened only last year, had 32 students this year. A sixth F o r m will be opened next year. Eight students passed in the Peter Cator Bible Examination, three of w h o m were Christians. In the Middle School there are a n u m b e r Tindivanam.

of very promising Christian boys. T h e student w h o stands at the head of the third F o r m is a Christian. T h e Primary School took possession of the old treasury building on the ist of M a y. “After working and waiting for one and a half years, w e finally had the keen satisfaction of taking possession of this building which is large and commodious, with m u c h r o o m for further growth, and w e are n o w in a building of our oivn. Although there is a rival school in the town which is sharply competing with us, our school has a strength of 266, 26 m o r e than last year.” A feature of the w o r k here is a leachers’ Association, organ­ ized last year, which holds regular sessions. These gatherings have been m o s t useful and instructive. ^ ■ ■T h e H i g h School at P u n g a n u r has been very m u c h interrupted by a disturbance of considerable proportion a m o n g the students which lasted nearly a month, causing a great deal of annoyance and loss of time. Punganur.


T h e w o r k of this institution has been carried on so me w h a t u n ­ der difficulties. Dr. J. W . Scudder and his family being obliged to leave for America in March, the burden of the care of the classes and the conduct of the institution devolved upon the native staff. Rev. J. A. Beattie, of Chittoor, had charge of the w o r k until August, and from that time Rev. L. B. Chamberlain super­ intended it, but they were able to pay only occasional visits to Palmaner. T h e class w o r k of Dr. Scudder wa s divided up a m o n g the other teachers, the gymnastic instruction w a s carried on by one of the students w h o w a s trained in such work, and altogether the native staff deserves m u c h credit for the w a y it has borne the burden of this n e w responsibility. T h e health of the students has not been very good o w i n g to the prevalence of fever, and later plague broke out in the t o wn m a k i n g its evacuation necessary. T h e classes h o w ­ ever bravely kept on with their w o r k in the midst of all these dif­ ficulties. There were three classes with a total of 19 students. T h e stu­ dents were as active as usual in their church, S u n d a y School, dis­

trict preaching and C. E. work. T h e w o m e n ’s class w a s not held o w i n g to Miss Scudder’s absence, but t w o or three of the w o m e n kept u p their studies, under the instruction of the wife of the pas­ tor, an d the w o r k of the Dorcas Society w a s carried on as usual. T h e seminary will be m o v e d to Vellore next year w h e n it will enter upon a n e w epoch in its history. T H E INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL.

It w a s not until April ist that the w o r k of this school really be­ gan, and even then not in full force. M a n y students w h o had been in attendance from other Missions did not return o w i n g to the delay in opening caused by the plague. F o r this reason the greater part of the students have been small boys, newly admitted w h o of course could do but little profitable work. T h e school wa s kept open during the hot months, no s u m m e r vacation at all being granted. It has executed a n u m b e r of important orders, and a great m a n y smaller ones, especially in the printing office. T h e cost of yarn w a s so high that the W e a v i n g Department w a s sorely crippled, several of the w o r k m e n laid off, and only looms enough kept going to use up the stock of yarn on hand. In the Carpentry Department also one maistry and tw o or three w o r k m e n were dis­ pensed with to save expense. A few. of our boys have found em plovment this year in the A r k o n a m Railway W o r k s h o p s on good salaries. Although w e have not been able to develop the E d u c a ­ tional side of the Trade School as w e had hoped, the n u m b e r of passes in the Go ve r n m e n t Examinations gazetted this year were the best w e have ever had, comprising 22 first class passes and eight second class, seven of w h o m were H i nd us and 23 Christians. T h e n u m b e r sent u p to the Technical Examinations w a s less than usual, o w i n g to the drop in attendance. In July the n e w plan w a s adopted of forming a night school of the lads w h o formerly attended the primary school in the to wn one-half of each day, working in the shop the other half. B y the n e w plan they w o r k all day and attend school at night. This scheme w o r k e d fairly well, but as the. boys have no study hour and are tired w h e n night comes, they cannot m a k e very rapid progress. W e rejoice in the occasional w o r d received from h o m e that funds for the e n d o w m e n t are being collected, and look forward

_ / ' with hope to the time w h e n the school m a y rise out of its present limitations and take on a n e w lease of life. "

This2 class is carried on not only for the pur-

at ^tanipettsd8 P 0Ses0 ^ teach ‘ng'lace m a k i n g to a n u m b e r of girls * and thus improving their opportunities of m a k i n g a livelihood, but also for the purpose of affording a h o m e for girls w h o have not qualified for teaching and, not having married, need careful supervision and further training until they shall be settled in ho me s of their own. T h e attendance at the class has been about 20. Three have married. Eace to the value of Rs. 274 has been sent to America where, in spite of a heavy duty, it yields a very good profit. T h e constant admission of n e w girls and the leaving of trained ones reduces the. profits. Bu t as the prime object of the class is the protection of the girls, the class can not be called a failure w h e n it shows an income of Rs. 533 as against an expense of 583. Negotiations with Gove rnm en t are being m a d e for the recognition of the class and for aid toward the erection of a “Lace H o u s e ” which is to be built soon. '


A r n i .— Several events have occurred to s h o w h o w m u c h these schools are appreciated by the people themselves and the good they are accomplishing. In Arni both schools were closed for several months by the plague but recovered in a remarkable way, closing the year with a greater n u m b e r of students than last year. A n e w Headmaster has had charge of the Arnipalliam school, and he has wrought a wonderful change in it. It is a pleasure to hear the girls sing from m e m o r y in rapid succession m a n y of our most beautiful Christian lyrics and hymns, and their drill is excellently done. T h e Kosapalliam school has w o n words of praise from every source. A t the prize-giving the Depu ty Collector, a native official n e w to the town.presided, and expressed himself a;s m u c h pleased by all he had seen, and began sending his girls to the, school at once. T h e school at Chetpet admits boys also,: and as they outnumber.the girls, and as there are rival schools in the t o w n conducted by those who, it is said, give presents to induce

the girls to attend instead of exacting fees as w e do, its influence as a H i n d u Girls’ School is not very great. . V e l l o r e .— T h e H i n d u Girls’ Schools of Vellore have had a par­ ticularly hard time in maintaining their strength and efficiency dur­ ing recent years, as the plague has c o m e with distressing regularity each year. Neither the A r a s a m a r a m Street nor Circar M a n d y Street school recovered its normal strength though both close the year with the comparatively good rolls of 174 and 142 respectively. O n the other hand the Velapadi Street school has g r o w n from 98 to 114. T h e annual examinations in all these •schools were well sustained, although they had to be postponed several months to allow time for recovery from the plague visitation. M a d a n a p a l l e .— T h e Girls’ Scho'ol of Madanapalle has suf­ fered severely, as on account of the plague it had no session till July, and after that the attendance w a s scarcely half that of last year. ' Vayalpad had a similar experiencer except that while doing good w o r k the first half of the year it has been closed since Augu st w h e n plague appeared. P u n g a n u r .— T h e P u n g a n u r H i n d u Girls’ School has had a full and prosperous year under its energetic and capable B r a h m i n H e a d Mistress. Plans are nearly finished for a n e w building which will, it is hoped, be erected next year. This school sends up its. third and fourth standard pupils to the U n i f o r m Bible E x ­ amination. ^• 0. R a n i p e t t a i .— In the Ranipettai field Miss M . K. Scudder has charge of four H i n d u Girls’ Schools. O f these the one in Arcot did the best in the G o v e r n m e n t Examinations, although inter­ rupted for several weeks by the. pestilence. Kaveripak still holds its o w n in spite of the constant opposition to Bible instruction and the presence of a rival school. T h e Wallajah school is bilingual, and has four Christian and tw o H i n d u teachers, while that at Ranipettai has a full staff of five female Christian teachers. T i n d i v a n a m — Three girls out of five in the school at Tindi­ v a n a m presented .for the G o v e rnm en t Primary Examination passed, one of w h o m was. a Christian. Mrs. W . X.,.,Scudder writes : “I visited last m o n t h for, the first time the .Hindu Curls’ School at-Wandiwash. It is a. fine building, and, has sixt,yrfive'

bright little girls under an excellent Headmaster. T h e prize-giv­ ing pr og ram reflected great credit on the staff of teachers. T h e Ch ai rma n on the occasion w a s the Tahsildar. His daughter took the attendance prize, sewing prize, promotion prize and the prize for neatness in the Third Standard.” C h i t t o o r .— T h e H i n d u Girls’ School at Chittoor serves also as a Practising School for the Training School of the Mission. It is bilingual, has> 100 pupils and five teachers, i In all these schools m u c h attention is paid to kindergarten and object lessons, songs and drill, besides the daily Bible lessons. PRIMARY DAY SCHOOLS.

O f these there is one in nearly every station, and village con­ gregation. Concerning the latter one writes:— “These little schools do not seem from year to year to be accomplishing very m u c h in the elevating of tlie communities in the midst of which they teach the rudiments of the three R ’s. B u t were the history of such to be studied it would be seen that very useful m e n have found their first high impulses in these schools. T h e y do a quiet and inconspicu­ ous but necessary w o r k in the building u p of a gr owing Christian community.” Speaking of the m a n a g e m e n t of th em one says: “T h e y have been and continue to be a problem.” Bu t if w e c o m ­ pare villages where no schools exist with so me where flourishing schools have been carried on for s o m e time, w e can see that they are doing good. In t h em the Bible is taught, moral lessons incul­ cated, and often the parents, through their children, are able to learn. i T h e village schools of Chittoor have been carefully inspected ' by one set apart for this w o r k w h o has visited every one of the 27 schools six times during the year, developing not only their sec­ ular side but the S u n d a y School and Junior Endeavor w o r k as well. ., •


• In these schools the greatest opportunity is offered for m o u l d ­ ing character. Boys an d girls c o m e from villages where they have been surrounded by very little that is uplifting an d m u c h that is harmful. In the boarding schools every effort is m a d e to^ keep

them from harmful influences and to train their y o u n g lives in ways of right and truth. Christian teachers an d matrons are in charge, habits of cleanliness an d industry are implanted, those in charge labor to develop the good and suppress the evil. It is not all encouragement. Bu t it is no doubt true that no other equal effort yields such direct results.M a d a n a p a l l e .— After the opening of the Madanapalle school, which w a s not until June, a severe epidemic of fever broke ■ out. M a n y were ill at the s a m e time, not only students but teachers, so that the lives of s o m e were al­ most despaired of. T h e Girls’ Boarding School at this station in spite of all these difficulties did exceedingly well, and its prize­ giving exercises were notable. Three of the girls united with the church during the year. R a n i p e t t a i .— T h e Girls’ Primary Boarding School at Rani­ pettai enrolled seventy-four pupils besides the twelve or­ p h a n s w h o attend the day school. A feature of this school is the training given in house work. T h e girls whitewash their o w n dormitories' and school rooms, and clean and w e e d the c o m ­ pound. In the III class all the girls but one passed in the G o v ­ ernment Examination, and the school w o n both available prizes in the U n i f o r m Bible Examination. O n e of the little girls died from heart* trouble. H e r mother had died from plague exactly t w o months before and the child said her mother w a s calling her. Although these girls are very poor, they m a n a g e d by saving in various w a y s to give the large s u m of Rs. 43 to various benevo­ lences. T i n d i v a n a m .— T h e general health of the boys in the T i n d ­ ivanam Boarding School has been m u c h better than in previous years and a deeper spiritual tone has pervaded the school. T h e special meetings conducted by the Children’s Evangelists were very effective, and m a n y took a strong stand for Christ, eight join­ ing the church on a single Sabbath. C h i t t o o r .— Chittoor Boarding School.— T h e Head-mistress of this school, Miss Sellamal Surguner, after nine years of faithful and successful work, has resigned. D u ri ng these years she has prepared and sent u p 67 pupils to the L o w e r Secondary E x a m i ­

nation of w h o m 85 per cent, have passed. In the U n i f o r m Bible Examinations her pupils have been even m o r e successful. S c h o o l f o r T e a c h e r s , C h i t t o o r .— T h e school closed the year with 9 students in the lower Secondary grade and 9 in the primary. T w o H i n d u students have been connected with the latter class. Last year 14 out of 17 passed in the Practical Test Examination and the t w o prizes for Christians given by the Mission in the L o w ­ er Grade Peter Cator Bible Examination were w o n by this school. • T h e U n i o n T r a i n i n g S c h o o l , A r k o n a m .— This school, sup­ ported by the three Presbyterian Missions in South India, had 21 students during the year, of w h o m 10 were from the Arcot M i s ­ sion. T h e students, besides undergoing training in secular sub­ jects, have a Bible lesson every morning, take part in the C. E. S o ­ ciety’s meetings on Wednesdays, attend a special Bible class on S u n d a y afternoon and engage in Evangelistic meetings to the heathen on alternate S u n d a y evenings. T h e school w a s examined by the Inspector of European and Training Schools on the 8th and 9th of August, and acquitted itself creditably. H e s u m s u p the results of his inspection in the following words :— T h e discipline and the tone of the School were good and the Institution has m a d e a good beginning as a Training School, and w h e n better housed, should take a good pjace a m o n g those under m y inspection.” Last year 19 out of the 25 students, or 75 per cent, passed the Written Examination for Teachers’ Certifi­ cates. . ■ T h e K o d a i k a n a l S c h o o l .— This school for Missionaries’ chil­ dren, maintained by the M a d u r a and Arcot Missions had 34 stud­ ents this year, 21 boarders and 13 day pupils. A Kindergarten class of 30 w a s gathered for 2 1-2 months during the hill season, under the very capable superintendence of Mrs. Dickson. T h e school w a s deeply saddened by the death in M a y of Eleanor Chamberlain, one of its brightest and most dearly loved pupils. A library of 300 volumes has been since presented to the school as a memorial of her. A s the year closes, a fully trained and experienced lady has arrived from America and will occupy a prominent posi­ tion a m o n g the staff of teachers. T h e purchase of the fine building has been fully completed and the school enters upon the n e w year with very brilliant prospects.

J U N E , 1905. ZENANA


This w o r k has been receiving increased attention in recent years, n e w workers both native and foreign having been added to our force. T h e reports of the Zenana w o r k in Vellore are very inter­ esting and s h o w h o w a hospital opens the hearts and h o m e s to the reception of Christian teachers. Although there is m u c h to discour­ age and m a n y ridicule the preacher and reject her message, still G o d ’s w o r d is taking root in m a n y hearts. In one h o m e a hus­ band and wife and a relative expressed their wish to beco me Chris­ tians saying “W e have c o m e to k n o w the true G o d through the books you have given us.” Another w o m a n says she has been liv­ ing as a secret disciple of Christ for 10 years, but fears to con­ fess H i m openly, but because she refused to worship the idols she w a s suspended from her caste. T h e two Bible w o m e n working a m o n g H i n d u w o m e n visit over 100 homes. T h e third Bible w o m a n works a m o n g M o h a m m e d a n w o m e n . She is well received generally, though the M o h a m m e d a n s are m u c h m o r e bigoted than the Hindus. She visits 40 h o m e s ; the Kazi or high priest having seen the interest s h o w n by the people in her visits ordered them to cease and as a result eight or nine houses were closed against her. O n e y o u n g w o m a n w h o is suffering from a dangerous dis­ ease says she desires to become a Christian and her husband says that if she recovers he and all his family will follow Christ. ■ Zenana w o r k in Ranipettai and four adjacent towns is carried on b y four Bible w o m e n w h o have been working quietly and steadily, with no special events of striking importance to record. In Madanapalle w o r k is carried on by tw o of our oldest and most experienced Bible w o m e n . T h e y enter the houses of the lowly and those of the B r a h m i n and are welcomed gladly. In several of the villages of this station also'Zenana w o r k is carried on by a Bible w o m a n and by a y o u n g teacher and his wife w h o all w o r k in perfect union. T h e Bible w o m a n in Tindivanam, although m u c h interrupted by illness, has 23 pupils in the Zenanas and has been active in her preaching in the streets. She records a case in which the w o r d spoken 18 years ago has borne fruit this year.

MEDICAL WORK. R a n i p e t t a i H o s p i t a l .— Dr. Scudder writes: “A s for the ac­ tual w o r k in the hospital the first thing that strikes one is the fall­ ing off in the n u m b e r of out-patients. This is due to the intro­ duction of a rule requiring patients to pay a small s u m if possible for medicines. Those w h o cannot pay are furnished free but all are urged to pay something. This has doubtless kept a w a y s o m e w h o were suffering with but slight ailments and thus caused a falling off in the total. T h e n u m b e r of in-patients has been about the s a m e as last year, sometimes the, wards being full, and the verandas occupied. T h e spiritual side of the w o r k has never been better cared for. T h e hospital evangelist and his wife, w h o teaches the w o m e n , have a h o m e in the hospital compound, and w o r k exclusively in the hospital. In preaching to the out-patients and in systematic and regular teaching in the wards their time is fully occupied.” , Several events of interest have occurred to s h o w that good has c o m e from the seed sown, of which w e record a f e w : “A m a n w h o c a m e in with a hand injured in a fight learned,of the G o d of love and peace. H e promised to become a Christian. Since leaving the hospital he has c o m e to see us often and is trying to persuade others to become Christians in his village, and w e hope soon to have a congregation there. A y o u n g w o m a n w a s brought to the hospital in a most dangerous condition. H e r peo­ ple m a d e a v o w that if she recovered they wo ul d become Chris­ tians. B y G o d ’s grace she did recover and became a most in­ terested and apt learner. T h e family are trying to get others to c o m e with them and w e hope soon to be able to establish a con­ gregation in that village. T w o y o u n g m e n w h o had gone far astray, one having renounced his faith, have been brought back and have returned to their villages to lead different lives. “A poor caste w o m a n w h o had years ago deserted her husband and lived with one w h o w a s not her husband has asked us to re­ ceive and educate her two little children, and she herself has cast in her lot with Christ’s people.” ' T h e hospital closes the year with a substantial balance in its favor o w i n g to the saving brought about by the resignation of the apothecary. T h e erection of a n e w operating r o o m in the near ■

future is a cherished hope. T h e sterilizer brought out for the hospital by Dr. Hart has been a great joy and comfort. Concern­ ing it Dr. Scudder re ma r k s : ‘‘T h e necessity for it and the c o m ­ fort of it were brought h o m e very closely to m e while sterilizing for the operation on m y o w n son. W h a t it has been to m e it has been to m a n y others w h o have had to undergo operations.” T h e T i n d i v a n a m D i s p e n s a r y .— Mrs. W . T. Scudder writes: “T h e w o r k in the dispensary, which w a s opened last Christmas has been very convenient and pleasant. D u ri ng the seven months that our w o r k w a s open 2,100 patients were treated. D u ri ng the year 70 visits have been m a d e to Christian homes, 45 to H i n d u and 20 to M o h a m m e d a n homes. Since February I have had a native Christian w o m a n to help me. T o each patient is given a dispen­ sary ticket on which is written a Bible verse, which speaks its o w n message of soul healing. There have been the usual run of minor operations, but major operations are not attempted.” T






Schell M





e l l o r e .—

There have not been as m a n y out-patients as usual, o w i n g to the fact that the general health of Vellore has been better than last year, and that m a n y people have been led to put faith in the heal­ ing powers of the pariah leper “s w a m i ” before referred to. Dr. Ida Scudder says: “My- heart so often aches and yearns over these poor superstitious sufferers. N o t long ago a little boy of a year old w a s brought in with a huge abscess on his leg which had been very large for days. H e w a s very w a n and pale and the poor anxious little mother w a s w o r n out caring for him. W h e n asked w h y she had not brought h i m before she said ‘T h e y all told m e the image of m y go d w a s growing on his leg and I must not touch it or let any one else do any thing for him.’ W h e n the lance w a s applied the bone w a s found diseased, and the child’s life is despaired of. If he had been brought sooner, he would probably have been easily cured.” Regarding the spiritual w o r k of the hospital Dr. Scudder writes: “T h e interest taken in the mo rn ing devotions by the w o m e n is very encouraging. T h e y often wait about after receiving their medicine saying, ‘w e want to hear the singing and the prayer to your God.’ . “O n e w o m a n w h o w a s an in-patient wa s very m u c h

the morning devotions. She w a s very ill with tetanus; and her people expected her to die. O n e day she said, ‘please tell them to pray for me. M y people say I shall die, but if they pray for m e I think I shall get well.’ All were rejoiced w h e n she did recover.. Another tatanus case also recovered. “There have been m a n y m o r e in-patients this year than before, as the w o m e n are beginning to appreciate the hospital more, and the operations have been m o r e than double those of last year and only one case has died after operation.” Early in the year Dr. Hart returned from Am er ica and joined Dr. Scudder, thus m a k i n g possible a m u c h needed division of the Heavy work, but the relief has not been continuous as Dr. Hart wa s frequently called a w a y to attend cases in other places, and also had charge of the Ranipettai Hospital on several occasions. A trained nurse arrived in December, and the staff being thus stronger the prospects for the coming year are bright. LITERARY WORK. TEXT BOOKS FOR SCRIPTURE INSTRUCTION


In 1901 a scheme w a s adopted calling for a series of text books for Scripture Instruction in Mission Schools, and Rev. L. B. Chamberlain w a s appointed to prepare them. Considerable w o r k w a s done on t h em during his furlough, and upon his return to In­ dia early in the year, they were his chief w o r k from January to July. T h e original plan w a s to prepare books on one subject di­ vided into three groups of four bboks each, of which only tw o groups or eight books were to be prepared at present. Bu t it w a s later d e em ed advisable to use three subjects and prepare all at once. This meant nineteen books instead of eight. O f these the first volume is published, the M S . of the second has been approved by the committee, that of three others is ready and the subjectmatter for all the others has been selected and arranged in order. T h e aim is a series that shall be connected, progressive and peda­ gogical, from the infant to the matriculation class. T H E JUBILEE CELEBRATION. Although the year 1903 w a s the jubilee year of our mission, and the report of that year w a s styled the “Jubilee Report,” ,the

exercises commemorative of the event occurred in 1904 and early in 1905. These consisted of (1) A Helpers’ Conference in March, (2) Conferences for students later in th eyear and (3) A Hi s­ torical gathering early in 1905. It has hitherto been our custom to hold this Conference*' meetin& in A u gu st or September’ but this year ’ o w i n g to the Students’ Conferences, the Helpers’. Conference w a s held in M a r c h at Jengal near Ranipettai. T h e m a n y helpers and their wives w h o were present received great blessing. Rev; W . Boggess of the American Baptist Mission gave several very helpful addresses in Teliigu, Miss Swift of the M a ­ dura Mission conducted the special meetings for the w o m e n , while the main meetings of the Conference were addressed by tw o Tamil evangelists from Tinnevelly w h o with great power presented the claims of Christ and urged all to m a k e this the jubilee year of their souls. These were held in each station in turn by a "^onfereluse®5

^anc' Tamil evangelists from Tinnevelly, under the leadership of Air. R. T. Archibald, a missioner of the children’s special service mission. Their first meetings, held in Tindivanam, were very efifective, m a n y of the boys being led to take a stand for Christ. In Arni m a n y were stirred to think m o r e seriously, the Junior C. E. w a s quickened, and three boys joined the church soon after. In the Ranipettai Boarding School, Aliss Scudder writes, “M o s t earnest addresses were given and deep w a s the attention of the girls. A t the close a testimony­ meeting w a s held, and as one after another arose with words of confession and promise w e felt there had been true heart search­ ing.” Meetings were held also in the'Vellore and Chittoor Schools. T h e Madanapalle Students’.Conference w a s held in September. Rev. W . Boggess and Air. R. N. Raghavachari were the speakers and their addresses and lives left a deep impression. O n e public meeting w a s held in the Fort School in the t o w n for non-Christian students. T h e r o o m w a s crowded and for one and one-half hours the Gospel w a s preached in Telugu. Air. Raghavachari, a B r a h ­ m i n convert, gave a beautiful witness of his faith in the Saviour. Sectional meetings were also held, Air. Boggess addressing the

Helpers, Mr. Raghavachari the students .and Miss M . K. Scudder the w o m e n . W e trust that our Jubilee'year m a y b e to m a n y of these y o u n g hearts a year of release from the’bondage of sin. The Historical These meetings were held at Vellore, January 6 Jubilee — i o , 1905. O n Friday, January 6th the depuExercises. tation composed of Rev. M . H . Hutton, D. D.,

President of our Board of Foreign Missions, Rev. H . N. Cobb, D. D., Secretary, and Mrs. Olcott of the W o m a n ' s Board, arrived, and were met at the station by nearly all the m e m b e r s of the M i s ­ sion, the staff of the College, m a n y of the students and citizens of the town, and escorted to the Mission bungalow with torch lights and a brass band. ‘O n Saturday morning the Deputation w a s formally w e lc ome d by the Mission after which a public wel­ c o m e w a s tendered them, at which addresses were read in the n a m e of the Arcot Mission, the Voorhees College and the H i n d u Girls’ Schools of the place. Nearly 2,000 students and teachers were in attendance. O n Saturday evening the Vellore Church gave a social and concert in honor of the Deputation. O n S u n d a y m o r n ­ ing a c o m m u n i o n service w a s held in the church, at which ad­ dresses were m a d e by Rev. H. N. Cobb, D. D., and by Rev. J. S. Chandler, of Madura. O n the evening of that day the Jubilee sermon- w a s preached by Dr. Hutton from Zechariah iv :6. O n M o n d a y mo rn ing the historical address w a s delivered by Rev. J. H . Wyckoff, D. D., at which meeting R. C. C. Carr, Esq., Collector of the District, presided. T h e address w a s very interesting giving a history of the Mission since its founding in 1853, including sketches of the lives and labors of its leading m e m ­ bers. T h e chairman replied to the address in an excellent speech in which he praised the w o r k of the Mission, and expressed the wish that its usefulness m a y continue for m a n y m o r e cycles of fifty years. . . In the afternoon, with Dr. J. Chamberlain in the chair, papers and addresses were given by the various delegates and friends w h o had c o m e to congratulate the Mission on the occasion. Dr. C o b b responded to the vote of thanks proposed by the Secre­ tary of the Mission to the H o m e Bo ar d for sending the Deputa-

tion to India. Rev..J. S. Chandler presented the congratulations of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions to which our Mission formerly belonged. Mr . V. Subramania Pantulu, B. A., B. L., District Munsiff, of Vellore, spoke of the w o r k Missions are doing along educational and medical lines, K h a n B a ha d u r Habibulla Sahib referred to the civic activities of Missionaries, and Mr. V. N a d a m a n i Mudaliar, v Depu ty Inspector of' Schools, spoke of h o w Missions were labor­ ing to elevate the lower classes. Letters were read from our Missions in Arabia. China and Japan, after which greetings were given as follows:— F r o m the Am er ica n Presbyterian Missions in North and Western India, Dr. J. C. R. E w i n g and Rev. Mr. Ted• ford; from the L o n d o n Missionary Society, Rev. J. Duthie and Rev. M . Phillips. Rev. W . Goudie spoke for the Wesleyan M i s ­ sion, Rev. L. Bader for the Basel G e r m a n Mission, Rev. H . Rice for the Church of Scotland Mission, Rev. Dr. D. Dowriie for the American Baptist Mission, Rev. W . Skinner for the U. F. C. M i s ­ sion, Dr. W o l f for the Lutheran Mission, Rev. J. S. Chandler for the M a d u r a Mission, Rev. Mr. Gates for the American Marathi Mission, and Rev. W . S. O r g a n e for the M a d r a s Bible Society, Letters were read from His Excellency the Governor of Madras, the Director of Public Instruction, and other officials, from the M a d r a s and Bangalore Missionary Associations, and from various other Missionary bodies in India, B u r m a and Ceylon expressing their hearty greetings and good wishes. A t 4 P. M . occurred the ceremony of‘laying the corner stones of t w o n e w buildings of the Voorhees College. T h e exercises were presided over by Dr. J. C. R. Ewing, Principal of F o r m a n College, Lahore,' and the stones were laid by Dr. H . N. Cobb. A t 5 P. M . all the delegates, visitors an d residents of Vellore, attended a garden party kindly given by Mr. and Mrs. Carr, and at 9-30 an excellent concert w a s given in the College Hall under the direction of S. D. Pears, Esq., and Mr. H . A. Waring. Both functions were well attended and m u c h en­ joyed by all. O n Tu esday morning the following historical papers were r e a d : Educational W o r k , Rev. W . I. Chamberlain, Native Societies, Rev. W . T. Scudder, Pastors’ A i d Society (Tamil), Mr . M . D. Gnanamani, Gospel Extension Society (Tamil), Rev. E. Tava-

mani, Brotherhood Society (Tamil),'Rev. B. Th om as, E v a n g e ­ listic W o r k , Rev. H . J. Scudder, and Medical W o r k , Rev. J. Chamberlain. In the afternoon Rev. L. R. Scudder read a paper on the Native Church, Miss M . K. Scudder on W o m e n ’s W o r k , Rev. L. B. Chamberlain on Literary W o r k , an d M r . J. C. Backianathan on Prominent Native Helpers of the Past (Tamil), each writer giving a synopsis of w h at had been accomplished in the past 50 years. After this, Jubilee honors were conferred on 13 m e n and three w o m e n , all of w h o m could s h o w a record of over 30 years of con­ tinuous and faithful service in the Mission. All the natives present then assembled at the Mission bungalow where an agape or Jove feast w a s held, at which between five and six hundred sat down. A t 9130 a Tamil an d Telugu band con­ cert w a s held at the Jubilee Auditorium, each station contribut­ ing one or m o r e items to the program, after which the exercises of the Jubilee celebration, which had extended over five days of strenuous and happy activity, were closed with prayer by Mr. T h o m a s Stanes, of Coonoor. •

T h e three officers of the H o m e Boards accom-

T *DeI'utaUonthe Pan*ec* ^-v ^ rs- Hutton and Mr. Alfred Olcott, ar­ " rived within the bounds of our Mission on D e ­ cember 23d. T h e y visited every station but Palmaner, the R a j a h ’s palace at Punganur, the large village church at Y e h a m u r and laid the corner stones of the Madanapalle church and two Voorhees college buildings. T h e y spent three days in conference with the Mission in session. ■ , O n January 24th the Deputation left for C o l o m b o and turned their faces h o m e w a r d via China and Japan. Their visit to us wa s most helpful an d inspiring, and w e trust it m a y be of great value in renewing the interest a m o n g our h o m e churches in' the w o r k of our Missions in Asia. *r ‘



ms3ionarle3.-B.eva. James H. Ballagh, ToK o h a m a ; Eugene S. Booth, T o kohama; Prof. Martin N. Wyckoff, Sc. D„ Tokyo; Rev. Albert Oilmans, D. D„ Tokyo; Rev Frank S. Scudder, Nagano; Miss M. Leila Winn, Miss Mary Deyo. Morioka; Miss Anna de F.Thompson, Miss Julia Moulton and Miss Harriet J. Wyckoff, Toko h a m a . Associate Missionaries.— yirs. Ballagh. Mrs. Booth, Mrs. Wyckoff. Mrs. Oilmans and Mrs. Scudder. ■

- In America.—


and Mrs. E. R. Miller.

R E P O R T F O R 1904. Rev. and Mrs. E. R. Miller went h o m e on furlough in M a y, and Rev. and Mrs. H . Harris, hav­ ing resigned, returned to the United States in N o ­ vember. Rev. and Mrs. F. S. Scudder and family returned to the field from their furlough in July, and Rev. A. Oilmans and family joined the Mission in April. W i t h slight exceptions the m e m b e r s of the Mission were kept in health and able to carry on their work. Personal.


F r o m tlle beginning of the Russo-Japanese wa r

in the nionth of February, ours has shared, with all other Christian work, s o m e special burdens and responsibilities resulting from it. O n the other hand, m a n y special opportunities for personal w o r k have resulted. T h e outlook for a wide spread of the knowledge of G o d ’s truth a m o n g all classes of the people has never been so bright. Especially has the very exten­ sive distribution of the w o r d of God. a m o n g the soldiers a c c o m ­ panied in m a n y instances by direct personal interviews cheere.d the hearts of the workers. L ~ ~* Conations.

N o r has the least cause for thanksgiving’-1been ithe "devout spirit of the Japanese Christians‘that m a r k e d their preadnng, as well as their prayers. E v e n to those of us w h o have been years in Japan, there have been revelations of Japanese Christian char­ acter that have astonished and pleased us. Their intercession, not only for their o w n a r m y and navy and country, but also for R u s ­ sia, has been truly remarkable. There has also been m u c h prayer for peace, and for those upon w h o m the special burdens of personal and family sorrows have fallen.


W e have also been very glad to hear the leading m e n of the Japanese ministry'outspoken against suicide incident up on the war. Special mention 'is m a d e in one report of a daily prayer­ meeting of Japanese and foreigners, greatly deepening and broad­ ening the faith of those w h o took part. O ‘ T h e question of self-support is at present agiSelf=support. tating the “Church of Christ in Japan” to an almost alarming extent. A t the last annual meet­ ing of the “Dai K w a i ” (Synod) quite radical measures were pro­ posed with reference to the organized local churches that are not self-supporting, and they were defeated by a bare majority. T h e defeated party, however, are far from satisfied, and have even assumed a threatening attitude towards the other side. It is feared that at the next meeting of “Dai K w a i ” this question m a y cause trouble. H o w e v e r at a recent meeting of the T o k y o churches of the “Church of Christ in. Japan” an earnest spirit of cooperation in aggressive evangelistic w o r k w a s manifested. A s these churches of the Capital, with their pastors, strongly represent both sides of this question, it is hoped that this spirit of cooperation in prac­ tical evangelism m a y neutralize whatever of injury might be caused by drawing strong party-lines on the matter of self-sup­ port. ' S o m e special efforts at self-support are. m a d e at M'atsumoto in the Shinshu field, at T a t a y a m a in the B o sh u field, and at the O t a preaching place in Y o k o h a m a . While the w a r has laid and is lay­ ing burdens upon the people in the w a y of extra taxes, there is special need of patience with reference to self-support, and w e believe that this spirit will be manifested dn a wise w a y b y the leaders of the Japanese church. ' .


special w o r k of interest is reported from

Special Work. Yoshiwara, at the base of Fujiyama, in the w a y of

an orphanage for m a i m e d children. This is car­ ried on by a converted priest w h o by his former religious ^aus­ terities has reduced his o w n body to a most deplorable condition, but is n o w a zealous Christian, doing this w o r k of charity in the very t o wn in which he w a s born and lived as a priest.




T h e Rev. J. H . Ballagh reports : There is little advance in the churches and preaching places in the Shizuoka, O t a and B o s h u fields. T h e s a m e is true of South Shinshu. There have been a few baptisms in each, field, but the chief care has been the keeping of believers in the faith and their upbuilding in Sabbath observance. T h e distractions of the war have diverted attention, and it has been an effort to hold believers to their covenant engagements. T h e unbelieving masses ,seem m o r e ready to .hear than are the believers to m a k e k n o w n the 'Gospel of the ever blessed God. In a few faithful hearts there has been a great deepening of faith in God. Their confession of their o w n national sins, especially of idolatry, are very genuine, and their prayer for the Czar, his'officers, and the success of the R e f o r m M o v e m e n t in Russia are truly touching. ■ W O R K FOR SOLDIERS.

. .

T h e opportunity for reaching the sick soldiers in the health resorts and hospitals deserves special mention. There have been t w o or three of these health resorts in the vicinity of Y o k o h a m a that had hundreds of convalescing soldiers. A s a Mission w e have c o m e in direct contact only with the one at 'Shuzenji in Izu, not far by rail from Mishima. A h o m e w a s rented and services held t w o days a week, with the Methodist Protestant and Episco­ palian evangelists as helpers of Rev. T o r u Miura. I w a s present at our first meeting. T h e hotel proprietor w a s in hearty sympathy, and likewise an officer of the R e d Cross. O n l y sixteen m e n at­ tended and at subsequent meetings the attendance w a s still less. 'After a tw o m o nt hs’ trial and the withdrawal of most of the in­ valids the meetings were discontinued. Mr. M i ur a reports that tl^e effort w a s not in vain because of the training of himself and ,fellow-workers. 'It w a s purely a Gospel effort, without stereopticon views or popular lectures. S o m e workers with these acces­ sories had large gatherings, generally in Buddhist temples, with a g o o d deal of Christian teaching. A t H a k o n e and Atami, two

s u m m e r resorts, m u c h w a s dohej but m u c h m o r e in the Capital with its m a n y hospitals, an d in garrison cities such as Sendai, Nagoya, Hiroshima and others. ■ S o m e difficulties arose in t w o or three stations between believers and the evangelists, but by personal visits and the, blessing of G o d upon both parties, h a r m o n y and a measure of prosperity have followed. ' ■ O n e other fact of the wonder-working G o d is the quartering of the Russian prisoners in Buddhist temple enclosures. T h e reason m a y be their large area and strong walls. Bu t the religious habits of the prisoners, their mo rn ing and evening meetings for prayer, as well as their happy, cheerful bearing are said to have produced a m a r k e d impression up on the people. This is‘the m o r e remark­ able in places like Nagoya, where the “H o n g w a n j i ” temple sect'is the most opposed to Christianity. Japanese Greek church priests minister to their fellow-religionists'. Let us thank G o d and take courage. T h e wrath of m a n shall praise H i m . T h e walls of the spiritual Zion shall be built in troublous times. N A G A N O STATION.

Rev. F, S. Scudder: ’ . W e arrived in Japan on the 29th of July under circumstances which were quite thrilling, as our ship the “K o r e a ” had narrowly escaped capture by the Russian Squadron, which w a s lying in wait for it. It is our first experience of being in a country in a state of .war, and the question which w a s so often asked of us “w h at effect is the w a r having on Christnaity in Japan,” soon began to answer itself. It w a s very plain that the w a r brought to the front not the .worst, but the best qualities of the people w h o are.showing a Christian spirit of a high order. T h e opposition to Christianity, ,which w a s still strong t w o years ago, has practically disappeared. T h e thorn baptized with blood has become a fragrant rose. A b o u t 3,000 soldiers, w o u n d e d and sick, were sent to Shinshu in September and October. H a v i n g been m a d e .thoughtful by w h a t they had seen and suffered they were glad to listen to the Gospel, and I joined with t w o missionaries of other denomina­ tions in distributing gospels and tracts, in visitation and in holding meetings a m o n g them. » .

T h e S u n d a y School w o r k in N a g a n o and vicinity has continued during our absence with s o m e degree of success. W e have about t w o hundred and fifty scholars, but the church is in a very u n ­ satisfactory condition. Three of our faithful m e m b e r s are on the battle field; one went d o w n with several hundred gallant c o m ­ panions w h e n the Hitachi M a r u w a s sunk. Those w h o remain are interested m o r e in the S u n d a y School w o r k than in the church. W e are trying at present to strengthen the stakes rather than to lengthen the cords. A n u m b e r of prominent officials and their wives with s o m e teachers have s h o w n themselves friendly since our return and inquire about Christianity. I have never seen so m a n y and so serious inquirers, excepting in times of revival. In the a u t u m n I visited all our Shinshu out-stations, s o m e of them twice, s o m e three times. O n one of these trips I spoke before over 1,000 people. In these places as well as in N a g a n o the interest in Christianity is noteworthy. In a word, though organized Chris­ tianity is weak, and perhaps weaker on account of the war, the study of Christianity is clearly gaining ground. M^s. F. S. Scudder: Although I have not had a helper or Bible w o m an in our house, still I have had the help of two • Nagano. Christian w o m e n w h o were most faithful workers before their marriage. T h e Christian w o m a n ’s society has taken the form of a mother’s meeting and is held once a month. A cooking class meets once a m o n t h also. In connection with these w e have a lending library which is heartily welcomed. A cordial friendship with the wives of s o m e of the officials and several school teachers is suggestive of opportunities for the fu­ ture. I have m a d e t w o trips into distant mountain villages, and there seems a sincere desire for m o r e frequent visits. English and sing­ ing classes and visiting are, of course, ,a part of the work,, and S u n d a y Schools are being carried on by the Christians themselves. Several plans for n e w work, to be begun after the Japanese N e w Year, are in preparation as well as proposed trips to one or tw o n e w places. W o r k for

W o m e n in


Miss M . L. W i n n : T h e comi ng of Rev. Mr . C h i w a y a last February, 19 take charge of the Mo ri o k a church has relieved us of almost all responsibility in church matters. The.time seems to have c o m e w h e n pastors and people think they are able to dispense with the help of the missionary. I attend the church services and teach a class of twelve y o u n g ladies in the church S u n d a y School, but beyond that, I have n o connection with the church. M y helper and I have had four or five neighborhood S u n d a y Schools in the city, and I have had several English Bible classes with y o u n g men. I have visited one of the hospitals here, distributed Christian literature an d flowers to the patients, and talked with t h em w h e n ­ ever opportunity permitted. M y cooking class for w o m e n , always accompanied by a Bible lesson, has been very pleasant. This has been the m e an s of giving m e m a n y h o m e s to visit. I regret that none as yet have become Christians, though a n u m b e r attend our church, and I trust will eventually be led to Christ. Their enthusiasm in learning foreign cooking does not abate. M y most enjoyable w o r k has been in m y tw o out-stations. A t Ichinoseki the w o r k is most hopeful. There is a spirit of har­ m o n y a m o n g the little c o m p a n y of believers. A church building is greatly needed there. Eight children and ten adults have been baptized during the year. O n e y o u n g lady w h o received baptism at the beginning of the year desired to consecrate her life to Chris­ tian work. S h e has entered the Bible Training School of the W o m e n ’s U n i o n at Y o k o h a m a . H e r teachers, Misses Pratt an d H a n d , speak most highly of her. In April I began w o r k at Fukuoka, a little t o wn of from three „ to four thousand inhabitants, w h er e there is a Middle School for y o u n g men. This place has long been noted in the north-east for its hostility to Christianity. T h e people are clannish and haughty. M y helper and I went in the face of m u c h adverse advice and criticism, an d “wet blankets” were plentiful. G o d answered our prayers for guidance. W e found there a teacher of English in the Middle School, who, though not a pro-

fessing Christian, w a s very favorable to Christianity. H e helped us open the work. H e c a m e to all our meetings, bringing.some twenty-five of his students. W e opened a little house for preach­ ing— Rev. Mr. C h i w a y a agreed to go twice a m o n t h — and the pro­ gress has been steady. T w o of the y o u n g men, though their kn ow l­ edge of the Scriptures w a s very limited,’began a S u n d a y School for street children. T h e y o u n g m e n pay half of the rent for the preaching-place, and from the beginning w e are trying to instill info them the importance of self-support. Recently three of the y o u n g m e n were baptized by Rev. Mr. Chiwaya. This gave m e great joy, and I hope there is the nucleus of a future church in that little town. O n e of these y o u n g m e n has expressed a wish to study for the ministry. " _


Duri ng 1904 decided changes have taken place

S 'n t^ie con<^'t‘ons °f our w o r k here. ’ In February the D e n d o K y o k u sent Rev. T. C h i w a y a here as pastor. H e is a m a n of ability and fine spiritual character, and has in a m a r k e d degree the national spirit of in­ dependence. H e preaches excellent sermons and, on the whole, the people like h i m and he is doing good. ‘ „ His presence not only takes from our shoulders all responsibil­ ity for the conduct of the church affairs, but has relieved us from any direct effort whatever in connection with the church, for w e soon learned that he preferred to take entire charge himself of all Bible classes, meetings, and everything connected with the church. I kept the superintendency of the S u n d a y School until s u m m e r and then turned it over to Mr. C h i w a y a and he gladly accepted it, only asking that I would continue to c o m e for a while “until they learned to conduct it.” This I have done and the school con­ tinues to flourish. While the attendance is not quite as large as. last year, it is generally over 150, and the discipline, teaching and general tone of the school are fine. T h o u g h m y presence m a y have something to do with keeping things u p to the mark, yet m y share of w o r k and responsibility is very small. I still continue to supply from mission funds, the lesson leaflets, little text-cards, the “Glad Tidings” and other paM Re ^rt**

pers. These add m u c h to the efficiency of the school, and, as they are all rightly and carefully used, I request the mission’s ap­ proval of m y doing so for a while longer, as it will be s o m e time before the church will be able to bu y them. ; T h e Te mperance Society, of which I w a s president, has become quite large and energetic. A t the annual meeting I refused reelec-,, tion, and .a very capable president and vice-president were elected, under wh os e leadership the society is doing m u c h good w o r k in various lines. A kindergarten class has been started, also a “H o m e Nursing” class, which are well attended, and a great deal of w o r k for the soldiers and their families has been accomplished.. I feel that this society also will prosper without any further help from me, though I still attend the meetings.' S o m y regular w o r k has narrowed d o w n to the neighborhood children’s meetings, of which I have five weekly, four in and near Morioka and one at a t o wn near the railroad about ten miles away. This latter place, Hizume, is a t o wn of about 3,000 in­ habitants, with no other Protestant work. Pe rmanent w o r k might be carried on there to advantage, looking to a church in the future. Bu t in the other places the w o r k is of a temporary character, as it is our aim ultimately to lead the children into the M'orioka church,— a n u m b e r of them having already entered the S u nd ay School. ’ I have kept up m y English Bible class in the English school here, the attendance ranging from ten to twenty. I have continued m y visits to the Iwate hospital t w o or three times a month, taking tracts to all the patients and inviting them to study Christianity. W i t h rare exceptions the tracts are eagerly received, and I always receive a welcome on the second visit to a patient, and a m often told that, after reading the tracts, they send th em h o m e as a present. A s the patients c o m e from country villages where ho Christian teacher ever goes the tracts carry the first n e ws of Christ to m a n y places, and is a cheap and easy w a y of scattering the seed. • In fact it seems to m e that the most efifective and economical w a y of working at this time is by a judicious and wide-spread dis­ tribution of literature. T h e people can read and, reading matter being comparatively scarce, they are hungry for it. '

Since September there have been a great m a n y soldiers passing through' on their w a y to the front, and, as this station is a “rest place” where they all alight for an hour for lunch, there has been great opportunities for tract giving. I have visited all the trains possible, and have given over 20,000 copies of Gospels, religious papers and tracts, ranging from simple leaflets to the S a n K o r y o (Principle Truths of Christianity Explained). B y m a k i n g them u p in assorted packets and giving them in at the car w i n d o w s there wa s the greatest possible variety in each car. I had hopes that each soldier would read all the tracts before he reached his journey’s end. . ■ T h e soldiers received this literature so eagerly and gratefully that it w a s very touching and I wished that I had m u c h more. AOMORI STATION.

T h e w o r k of the station w a s carried on till September by Mr. and Mrs. Harris with the s a m e Japanese workers as last year, and the condition of both church and S u n d a y School has been encouraging. . Mr . and Mrs. Harris were especially successful in S u n d a y School work, an d had three flourishing schools in Aomori. These are kept up by the evangelist and Miss Okada, w h o w a s Mrs. Harris’ helper, an d has remained as a Bible w o m a n . Meetings have also been held twice a m o n t h in Noheji, where there is con­ siderable interest, and where w e should like to place an evangelist if w e had the means. Since Mr. and Mrs. Harris left A o m o r i the night school has been given up. Mr. Hijikata, the evangelist, resigned in S e pt em­ ber, but w e were fortunate enough to secure, about a m o n t h later, a very satisfactory successor, Mr . Akasu,. w h o w a s in A o m o r i for a short time a few years ago, but w a s then obliged to leave because of ill health. All the believers there, as well as the Mission, are delighted to secure his services again. Miss Okada, though quite young, having graduated from the Ferris Seminary Bible course in 1903, is an excellent an d success­ ful worker, particularly a m o n g girls and y o u n g children.. But though both the Japanese workers are efficient and faithful, they





cannot m a k e up for the absence of the Missionaries, and it is most important that their places should be filled at once. •




Dr. Oilmans reports : ■ W e arrived in T o k y o on the 21st of April. M y w o r k in the Meiji Gakuin began the first of M a y . T h e w o r k assigned m e in the theological department is entirely in the O l d Testament. I have besides taught a G e r m a n class (optional) twice a week. Occasionally I have preached in different churches at the request of the pastors. O u r theological students n u m b e r twelve,— four of w h o m are in the regular and eight in the special course. F r o m the beginning of next term one falls out of the special course and one enters the regular. In m y department the m e n have all done faithful w o r k and the classes have been of great interest. F o r the sake of bringing teachers and students closer together a monthly meeting at the h o m e s of the teachers, partly literary and partly social, has been started with promise of success. A decided improvement has been m a d e in the attendance u p on morning chapel exercises led in turn by the teachers. T h e outlook for an increase of students for the ministry seems brighter than it has been for s o m e years. In order to simplify the relations of the students with the faculty and with the several Missions that support them, our M i s ­ sion has placed its students under the direct supervision of the theological faculty, reserving for itself only the right of approval or disapproval of an y individual case. W e hope that the other cooperating Missions will adopt a similar plan. Great need is felt of a Mission Station, not too far removed from the school, in which practical w o r k can be carried on by the students. T h e three Missions working in the school are trying to procure such a place in the near future. A n effort is m a d e to enlarge the theological library of the school, especially along the line of Japanese books, but the market supply of these is still .very limited. ■ •




T h e w o r k of this department in both the higher and middle school courses has gone on steadily. There is no direct evidence that the w a r has in any w a y interfered with us, though w e feel tolerably certain that w e should have received larger accessions of students if the w a r had not come. While all are, of course, deeply interested in the progress of events, there seems to be no falling off in study. T h e n u m b e r of pupils present at the examinations in D e c e m ­ ber, 1904, w a s one hundred and eighty-five. O f these fifty-one are m e m b e r s of Christian churches, several others c o m e from Christian families and were baptized in infancy, and a n u m b e r are inquirers. Seven were baptized in 1904. In M a r c h twenty-one were graduated from the middle school course and four from the higher. T h e w o r k of Mr. Landis, w h o represented the Presbyterian Mission in this department, has been divided a m o n g several m e m b e r s of his Mission. Dr. W y c k o f f has continued to be the representative of our Mission, and Mrs. W y c k o f f has also taught, several classes. . T h e religious w o r k of the school has been well kept up. B e ­ sides the regular Bible study in all classes and the S u n d a y even­ ing service, there has been a weekly prayer meeting conducted by the school Y. M . C. A. This association has also held several public meetings and has a class for Bible study which is taught by Dr. Oltmans. • • PERRIS SEMINARY.


Seventy-four pupils have entered the school during the year, the largest accession in any year of its history. T h e present attendance is one h u n ­ dred and sixty-five, a net gain of fifty-three over last year. T h e prospect is that an equally large n u m b e r will enter during 1905. O n e hundred are boarders and the remainder day scholars. Enrollment,

Notwithstanding a “cut” of m o r e than one thousand yen on the a m o u n t of the appropriations, the school has been able to meet all its expenses and, o w i n g to the n u m b e r of pupils, has closed the year with a suf­ ficient balance to pay the cost of installing electric lighting through­ Gratifying Financlal • Condition.

out. Thereby a source of great and constant anxiety has been removed. It is a great convenience to the pupils w h o were for­ merly obliged to retire and rise practically in the dark as no lamps or candles were permitted in the sleeping rooms. T h e teaching staff, both Japanese and AmeriT h e Teachers, can have remained as last reported, except that Mr. O n o has been engaged to succeed Mr. T, Funabiki in the Department of Japanese Literature. W e greatly rejoice at the prospect of having Miss S. Hayashi- with us from the begin­ ning of the school year in April, w h e n she will give us her whole time. This very satisfactory result has been m a d e possible by* the W o m a n ’s Board granting a special appropriation for this pur­ pose. '

T h e three years N o r m a l Course, so arranged w o r k in English m a y be a c c o m ­ plished, has answered the d e m a n d s of n e w p u ­ pils desiring “English subjects only.” T o this course only those are admitted w h o have finished the advanced Middle Courses. T h e girls are older and m o r e experienced than those of our regu­ lar Japanese and English Department, arid their presence has proved an incentive to thorough and careful w o r k a m o n g the younger students. B y careful arrangement of the schedule, no additional hours are required. This w a s essential as an extra teacher could not be provided. There are n o w 25 in this course. Normal Course, that double

T h e celebration of Mr . and Mrs. Booth’s silver T h e beautiful Day' gifts ( a m o n g them a silver tea and coffee ser­ vice, and an album of photos of all available graduates and pupils of the school) c a m e from the old and n e w pupils alike; and m a n y were the expressions of good will and affection. T h e day proved a delightful reunion of old pupils, m a n y of w h o m c a m e with their children, and all rejoiced together.

Silver Wedding

wedding was a happy occasion.

Our School Dr. K. Rokkaku, w h o for twenty years has Physician’s been very closely identified with the school, w a s Good Fortune, chosen in October to act as physician to H . I.

Prince Fushimi and suite on their tour to America.

T h e choice

brings the school to the notice of m a n y prominent people, and the return of the party in a few days will be a time of rejoicing to all the doctor’s friends in Ferris Seminary. ■ T h e class rooms are too small in s o m e cases to accommodate the classes n o w entering. In the n e w year it will be necessary to take d o w n par­ titions to secure m o r e room, and that will deprive us of tw o rooms, whereas there are already none too -many. O u r chapel also is n o w too small to permit of our holding the usual union meetings. Duri ng the past year the foreign teachers have used their o w n sit­ ting-rooms as class-rooms, an arrangement feasible only because the higher classes are small. In V a n Schaick Hall, at our Christ­ m a s celebration, w e found it necessary to limit the invitations greatly that all might at least find standing room. These reasons m a k e it necessary for us to ask for an appropriation for the enlarge­ ment of V a n Schaick Hall, and for n e w class-rooms below. Crowded Quarters.

O w i n g to the advance in the price of food it has been necessary to raise the fees for n e w pupils. ' Instead of this step lessening applications, w e find m a n y still asking admittance, and six n e w scholars enter this last term. In s o m e classes no seats are available, and no m o r e can gain admittance into these unless vacancies occur in the n e w term. Fees.

Duri ng the year six have been baptized. O n e w a s a girl w h o had been a Christian for several • years, but w a s prevented from uniting with the church by her adopted parents. Living a consistent Christian life, she has. waited patiently for permission to confess Christ. Another, carefully led step by step, n o w stands victorious, the only Christian m e m b e r of her family. Sh e endures patiently criticism and persecution for the sake of the Saviour she loves and serves. Still another became a m e m b e r of our Mission B a n d s o m e time previous to her baptism. She c a m e to us with a thor , o u g h knowledge of the doctrines, but practical Christianity wa s impressed up on her through influences found in the school. A large field for evangelistic w o r k opens to us in the n e w pupils, and w e pray that a great harvest m a y be gathered during the n e w year. Baptisms.

It w a s proposed in D e c e m b e r that in view of the great suffering a m o n g the families of soldiers and saj]ors> w e should give the s u m usually spent for Christmas, and that laid aside for decorations in the event of Port Arthur’s fall, toward the relief fund. It w a s an inspiring sight to see all hands raised w h e n the proposal wa s made. O n e “hundred and eighty-five yen w a s the s u m total. Never did the carols sound sweeter than on this Christmas eve w h e n the presen­ tation w a s m a d e and the “golden gift” w a s placed in the hands of the Governor’s representative w h o c a m e to the service to receive it. • Christmas Observance.


A b o u t the time of our Christmas entertainment a request c a m e from T o k y o to Y o k o h a m a school girls fpr help in knitting stockings for the soldiers. Nine pairs were asked for from Ferris Seminary, with the promise that wool for m o r e would be sent if desired. W h e n the announce­ m e nt w a s m a d e the school requested that wool for 200 pairs should be provided. T h e pupils w h o went h o m e had w o r k for busy fingers. O n e industrious maiden finished t w o pairs before going home, and carried with her the wool for six more. Those spending the vacation in the school are working diligently that all m a y be finished w h e n school re-opens on the 10th of January. Miss T h o m p s o n reports: # Forty periods in school and ten full hours of composition .work have filled m y time. N o t for a single day have I had to excpse classes on account of illness, and I record this with special thankfulness. H a v i n g been in charge of the reading classes in three consecu­ tive grades, it has been a pleasure to plan and carry out a regular course. . M y Bible class has. done satisfactory w o r k in O l d Testament History. O n e of these pupils w a s a m o n g those w h o applied for baptism during the year. This girl had seemed so indifferent that I sometimes thought of having her placed in a class taught in her o w n language, thinking it might rouse her. She studied very little, only enou gh to force m e to keep her in .the class. In the spring a change c a m e over her, manifested in her perfect les­ sons. A n d w h e n I found that she had applied for baptism I re­ a 1 Stockings.

alized that “G o d giveth the increase” however m u c h w e m a y think an d w o r k and pray. Miss Moulton reports: ' ‘ • M y time has been pretty well filled with forty-one periods in school, and m a n y hours of composition work. Duri ng the year one of the m e m b e r s of m y Bible class has c o m e out on, the L o r d ’s side, and last October wa s baptized and received into the church’ O f the fourteen in the class only one has not taken a decided stand for Christ. She, I believe, loves her Saviour, but is prevented from being baptized by the opposition of her parents. In the study of English literature the girls have s h o w n m u c h interest and evident enjoyment. In English composition they are grappling bravely with the difficulties and s o m e are succeeding beyond m y expectations. ■ Just a quotation from a recent composition showing their ap­ preciation of home. “There are m a n y different places and things in this world to interest and a m u s e one, but I think there is not a mo re pleasant place in this world than m y home.” Surely Chris­ tianity transforms the home, bringing joy and peace. ,

A t present there are forty studying instru- v mental music, seventeen piano, and twenty-three organ pupils. There are also five singing classes, and in addition to these the whole school meets once a w e e k for instruction in vocal music. T h e rehearsals for Christmas are al­ ways a time for special delight. W i t h the exception of the lowest classes, all copy both music and words into books of their own, so as the years go by they gather quite a collection of beautiful songs. S o m e of the old pupils write m e of the pleasure it gives t h em to sing over these old songs in their homes. . A t a reception given to the nurses w h o c a m e out from America last summer,.they sang one of their choruses “M a r c h O n w a r d . ” T h e music is so inspiring and words so appropriate to the present time, that it is a special favorite. O n e verse runs thus: Music.

“A n d w h e n the w a r ds o ’er and vict’ry won, W e ’ll h o m e return again, and-sing the glad refrain: ■ , O f peace and joy, and liberty.and love.: . That comes from heaven above to us.” , . ...


‘• O n the afternoon of the 24th our Christmas entertainment took place. T h e chapel w a s c r o w d ­ ed to the doors with the relatives and friends of the pupils and w a s tastefully decorated with bamboo, evergreens, and red berries. T h e pr og ram consisted of a n u m b e r of bright Christms Carols, Scriptural and Christmas reci­ tations in English and Japanese. “O H o l y Night” w a s beauti­ fully rendered by Miss Hayashi. T h e little ones sang very sweetly a cradle h y m n in Japanese, entitled, “Asleep in a Ma ng er.” A t first, w h e n it wa s being taught them, s o m e of the mo re ambitious ones objected to it, because it w a s so simple, but w h e n informed that the great Martin Luther had composed it for his o w n little son, the effect .was magical, not another d e m u r w a s heard. This year no presents were given, all unanimously agreeing to forego t h em for the sake of the bereaved and suffering families of the soldiers. A s the tiniest girl in the school mo un ted the platform carrying the tray laden with thirty-seven bright five yen gold pieces, it w a s beautiful to watch the faces of the girls beaming with joy and satisfaction. Surely they realized to the full that “It is m o r e blessed to give than to receive.” Miss W y c k o f f reports : . M y w o r k has consisted of twelve periods of teaching a week, and the oversight o f 0the evangelistic w o r k of the school. Five of the twelve periods are taken up with a Bible class conducted mostly in Japanese. T h e other seven periods include a Bible class taught in English and two other English classes. ■ T h e Y o u n g W o m e n ' s Christian Association organized last year has g r o w n in m e m b e r s and the girls are taking a very active interest in the different departments of work. T h e Bible Study Committee has charge of eight classes for devotional Bible study, led by the older class girls. T h e S u n d a y School Committee has the responsibility of five children’s meeting's each week, which have an attendance of about tw o hundred children. A joint Christ­ 'm a s entertainment for the five schools w a s held in V a n Schaick Hall o h > D e c e m b e r 29th. After recitations ’and the singing of Christmas hymns, the children were m a d e happy by the distri­ bution of gifts and cakes provided by the pupils of Ferris S e m i ­ nary. • Christmas.

N o v e m b e r 13th w a s set apart by the L e ag ue of Student V o l u n ­ teers as a special day of prayer for Christian workers, to be ob­ served all over Japan. A union meeting of all the Girls’ Mission Schools in Y o k o h a m a w a s held in the afternoon, and in the even­ ing a special prayer meeting for our o w n girls w a s held at Fer­ ris Seminary. A s a result of these meetings, and the preparatory prayer meetings which had been held the w e e k before, eight girls joined the band of those w h o are looking forward to entering definite Christian work. Including one w h o joined earlier in the year, this brings bur membership up to twenty-seven, twentyfour of w h o m are still in the school, t w o are doing Bible w o m e n ’s w o r k in the country, and one is studying in Tokyo. Because of a rather severe attack of illness early in the year I have not been able to do as m u c h calling as I had hoped, but as a result of the calls which w e have made, and chiefly through the earnest efforts of m y helper, one w o m a n has been baptized and t w o others are being instructed. ' Mention has been m a d e before of Negishi; the fishing village wh er e w e started our first children’s meeting1three years ago. T h e w o r k there this year has been very interesting. In the spring, Mr . O g a w a , the son of the w o m a n from w h o m w e rent the r o o m for our children’s meeting, a y o u n g m a n of twenty-two or t w e n ­ ty-three, w a s baptized in the Kaigan Church. H e began coming to church very soon after Mr. Takata, the y o u n g m a n of w h o m I spoke in last year’s report, w a s baptized, and the t w o became great friends. After Mr. O g a w a ’s baptism, the tw o y o u n g m e n asked m e to teach th em the Bible, so while the girls taught the children, w e had a Bible lesson in the next room. , In our Negishi children’s meeting w e had never been able to attract the boys, so Mr . O g a w a opened a S u n d a y School for the boys of the neighborhood, which w a s very well attended until they began holding* the soldiers’ funerals on Sunday, w h e n the small boys left to join the processions. ‘ Mr. Takata also opened a S u n d a y School for the children of his neighborhood. A w e e k or t w o before Christmas he left Y o k o ­ h a m a and went to his native province to study medicine. Another result of the w o r k at Negishi w a s the conversion of a w o m a n w h o had c o m e to the seashore to be cured of wh at she thought w a s pleursy, but which turned out to be consumption.

This report should not be concluded without recording our deep appreciation of the interest taken in our w o r k by the m e m b e r s of the Boards and the church in general. Their letters have been inspiring and their prayers have sustained us during a year of m u c h anxiety; but filled with blessed privilege and crowned in m a n y w a y s with unexampled success. W e also thank G o d for His manifest lead足 ings, and for the success with which H e has crowned the labors of the past.. A source of special thanksgiving is the fact that m o r e than two-fifths of the pupils are Christians' W e earnestly ask the churches at h o m e to pray with us that G o d will bless the efforts m a d e during the next year to lead the others to the Saviour. Conclusion,



, ' T H E


E stablished 1859.


MISSION. O r g a nized 1889.

.Field.— The Island of Kiushiu and-adjacent islands. Area, 15.552 square miles. Population, 6,000,000. 3fissionaries.— Revs. A. Pieters, S n g a s a U ; H. V. S. Peeke. Saga; Garret Hondo link, Kagoshima; Misses Sarah M. Couch and Jennie A. Pieters, AagasaKi; Harriet M. Lansing, Grace Thomasma. Kagoshima. Associate Missionaries.— A. Pieters, Mrs. H. V\ S. Peeke, Mrs. G. Hondelink.


Duri ng the last six months of 1904 numerous Missionaries, changes in our force occurred. Rev. Chas. M . ■ M y e r s ’ connection with Steele College, w a s sev­ ered at the end of June, and he has gone to w o r k in Shanghai. Dr. Stout and Miss A n n a Stout sent in their resignations, but at the request of the Board they did not give up w o r k until the end of the year. O n July 12 Rev. G. Hondelink and Miss Grace ■Hoekje'were united in marriage at the h o m e of the Rev. and Mrs. Pieters in K u m a m o t o . Miss Harriet M . Lansing w a s attacked by typhoid fever at the beginning of the s u m m e r and w a s still incapacitated for w o r k at the end of the year. 1he Mission had the joy. of welcoming Miss Grace T h o m a s m a as a member. T h e year 1904 must be characterized as one of ordinary activity and progress. Steele College and Sturges Seminary report that though there is still m u c h to be desired, s o m e progress has been made. S o m e of the evangelistic fields report about the sa me condition as last year; others, m o r e life manifest a m o n g the believers. In still others the meetings have been well kept up, there have been s o m e baptisms, and numbers of inquirers. _ Another class reports S u n ­ day Schools m o re largely attended or better organized, and gifts about as usual or larger, notwithstanding the financial depression General.

because of the war.


T h e w o r k in Nagasaki has not in any w a v been affected by the war. This is part• ly because it is largely educational. In K u ­ m a m o t o it called four m e n to the front. T w o were privates, a third w a s connected with the Commissariat corps, the fourth wa s Lieut. Col. Oshima, one of the principal m e m b e r s of the church. T h e War.

In the battle on the S h a h o River he led a body of m e n with such skill and courage that he received special recognition from the general in c o m m a n d . His kindness to the m e n under hi m and his deep interest in them has been repeatedly c o m m e n t e d upon. T h e w o r k which the Christians of Japan and also the mission­ aries have been doing for the soldiers will undoubtedly tend to m a k e the people m o r e kindly disposed to them. In Nagasaki only a part of the m o n e y which w a s intended for the purchase of Christmas presents w a s so used, the remainder being devoted to relieving poverty caused by- the war. T h e girls in Sturges S e m ­ inary m a d e “Comfort-Bags” and filled them with writing mate­ rials, socks, towels, threads, needles, etc. Into each bag wa s also put a copy of the Gospels. In the city of Karatsu a similar thing w a s done. There, however, the children’s present m o n e y w a s en­ tirely spent for these bags for the soldiers. In S a ga s o m e of the families that were poverty stricken because of the w a r were looked after by the Christians. Before the troops left the city of K u ­ mamoto, a military center, the missionaries distributed copies of the Gospels to them. W e are thankful that at last the Southern Presbyterians have resolved to enter Kiushiu and will send a m a n to take charge of the important sta­ tion of Sasebo. O u r Mission has long felt that its force to direct the w o r k w a s entirely inadequate. W e regret to give p r o m ­ ising a field, but do so rather than see opportunities for spreading the gospel lost. . • Assistance.

EDUCATIONAL WORK. In M a r c h four were graduated from the school, all of w h o m were Christians. O n e soon obtained a position as teacher in a G o ve rnm en t school in Nagasaki and has since continued a regular attendant at the church and teacher in the S u n d a y School! ^ Fo r the first term of the n e w school year the enrollment reached 92, probably the highest in its history. A b o u t one-third were boarders, the others living with friends or relatives'in the city. Before the end of December-some' left, but the year closed'with' an attendance of 73. • ' Sturges Seminary.

T h e teaching force has seen considerable changes. In M a r c h the music teacher, w h o had been with the school for eight years, resigned and went to Fukuoka. For one term Miss Stout took charge of the music, but since September a former pupil has been employed. T h e native drawing teacher w a s also succeeded by ' another. A t the beginning of 1905 Miss A n n a Stout will sever her connection with the school. ‘ In June one pupil‘w a s baptized and another, w h o wa s bap­ tized in infancy, w a s received into full communion. Last year the janitor of the school wa s baptized. This year his wife and four children received the rite. In D e c e m b e r there were 29 boarders, of w h o m 15 were Chris­ tians. T w o day pupils w h o c a m e from a recently disbanded C. M . S. school are also Christians, m a k i n g a total of 17 in the school. Six boarders and one day pupil are m e m b e r s of the C. E. Society. These and the four w h o were recently baptized have regularly at­ tended the weekly class for inquirers. A few of the day pupils have been attending the church and S u n d a y School; others are undoubtedly interested but are meeting with opposition from their parents and friends. ' T h e interest in the C. E. Society and K i n g ’s Daughters has been well kept up. T h e m e m b e r s of the C. E. Society have taken turns in helping' to clean the church building once a week. There is no expressed opposition to Christianity on the part of the pupils, and while the spiritual condition of the school is not such as it might be, still this m a y be called a year of progress. S o m e of the Christian pupils have assisted in the S u n d a y School. T h e Christ­ m a s exercises were held, in the school chapel. There were gath­ ered the pupils from three S u n d a y Schools under the care of 'Misses Muto, Couch, and Stout. T h e total attendance w a s 208. T h e w o r k of the school has not been seriously affected by the war. W h e n the troops were embarking for the front in large nu mbers from the pier just below the school, the girls became s o m e w h a t excited but they were kept at their lessons. T w o of the teachers have been visiting the poor families of the reservists. T h e m a k i n g of “Comfort-Bags,” and the sacrifice of Christmas presents have led the girls to have deeper sympathy for the suf­ ferings of others.


Stout has been in charge throughout. H e will, however, leave the M i s ­ sion permanently at the end of 1904. H e has proven himself a wise and able administrator and it will ''be difficult to supply his place. Mr. M y e r s ’ connection with the school having ceased at the end of June an effort wa s m a d e to secure s o m e one on the field to take his place. Failing in this the Mission temporarily employed Dr. Angie M y e r s w h o wa s staying in Nagasaki. W h e n she wa s obliged to leave a readjust­ ment of the w o r k wa s m a d e by the m e m b e r s of the Nagasaki sta­ tion. Miss C o u c h took three of the classes which Miss Stout had been teaching in Sturges, while the latter took s o m e of the w o r k in Steele College. In N o v e m b e r a change wa s m a d e again and Miss Stout resumed all her regular w o r k in Sturges Seminary and also taught five classes in Steele College. ’ M o r e than 100 students have been on the roll. T h e tone of the school is decidedly moral and Christian. Bu t it falls below the government schools in both mathematics and science. It lives principally on its reputation fOr English. Last spring five were graduated from the regular course and one from a special course. T h e Y. M . C. A. is both vigorous and aggressive. T h e success with which its m e m b e r s get the non-Christians under religious influences in prayer-meetings, S u n d a y School, and church ser­ vices c o m m a n d s the admiration of those w h o have seen it. There were 28 Christians a m o n g the students from first to last during the year, four of w h o m were received into the church dur­ ing that time. W i t h few exceptions the Christians have taken the best stand in every respect in their classes. O n e of the graduates has gone to the Meiji-Gakuin to study Theology. T w o others are looking forward to the s a me course. Steele College, the year.

EVANGELISTIC WORK. T h e Nagasaki Church.was without a pastor the first half of the year and the pulpit w a s supplied as in the previous year, by the elders and others w h os e services could be co mm a n d e d . In July Mr. Oishi, w h o had been working under the Board of Missions of the N i ho n Kirisito K y o k w a i in K u m a m o t o , w a s asked to supply it for three Nagasaki Station.


70 months. H a v i n g approved himself as pastor and preacher he w a s appointed permanent pastor and the w o r k is n o w going on well. Plans have been matured for the opening of a preaching-place in the city proper. T h e S u n d a y School, prayer meetings, and other meetings have been well sustained. T h e fact that its constituency so largely comes from the schools m a y be a hindrance to its growth a m o n g the people at large. It is hoped, however, that with a n e w pastor and the preaching-place in the city proper, it will beco me m o r e of an evangelizing agency. Miss Stout has been training a singing class during the year, and wa s the m e an s of greatly improving the singing in the church. Sh e has also had charge of a S u n d a y School in the city in which she me t with great success. T h e evangelistic w o r k of Miss C o u c h has been s o m e w h a t lim­ ited because she had charge of the H o m e Department of Sturges Seminary. Sh e has m a d e s o me calls in Nagasaki and two trips in the country. T h e first included a visit to the cities of Karatsu and Shimabara. In N o v e m b e r she went to the great naval center of Sasebo and spent three days a m o n g the people. • S a ga is the residence of Mr . Peeke, but he has Saga Station, been so continuously traveling, and his wife’s f a m ­

ily cares have been so pressing that the w o r k has ■not greatly advanced. T h e S u n d a y mo rning worship has averaged over twenty. A certain a m o u n t of system has been introduced into the S u n d a y School, and the results have been very satisfac­ tory. Mrs. Peeke has had an English Bible Class in the school, and a n u m b e r of the A c a d e m y boys have attended. She has also given an afternoon a w e e k to any w h o wished to study'English, and while thus assisting ambitious youths, has formed so me pleasant acquaintances. T h e evangelist is a good Biblical preacher, but not very skillful at leading people on. There are a n u m b e r of inquirers. O n e feature of the Christmas celebration w a s a col­ lection to aid the families of the soldiers, and a creditable s u m w a s realized. Karatsu is n o w connected with the railroad trunk line, and can be reached in tw o hours from Saga. Mr . Naga ta has labored faithfully there during the year. T h e congregations are s o m e ­ w h a t improved. T h e S u n d a y School is small but well °organ-

i J U N E , 1905.


ized and in a healthy condition. T h e church property is also bet­ ter looked after, and the people have recently decided to raise onethird of the price of a lot adjoining the church building, hoping that the Mission and others will furnish the remainder. This is preparatory to a n e w building which they feel they must have. G o o d things m a y be expected from Karatsu. Sasebo is three hours by rail from Saga. Early in the year a n e w evangelist took hold and immediately n e w life w a s manifest. Sasebo is a great naval station and the male m e m b e r s of the church have been absolutely without rest or leisure on Sundays or w e e k days since the w a r began. T h e evangelist has started a Kinder­ garten which meets in the' church building. It has an enroll­ m e n t of sixty with others waiting. " K a g o s h i m a is the h o m e of Miss H . M . Lansing, j^ev an(j ]yjrs_ G. Hondelink, and Miss Grace Station. T h o m a s m a . T h e pastor has interested himself in people from other cities, without church affiliations, and has done good work. H e has a broad field of operations, an intelligent audi­ ence on the Sabbath, and m a n y good ideas. K a g o s h i m a m a y be said to have our best organized and most promising church. ' T o Miss Lansing this year has been one of great encourage­ ment and great disappointment. Duri ng the first six months she spent tw o mo rn ing hours a day with a teacher in the study of the language and the afternoons in work. F r o m thirty to forty y o u n g w o m e n c a m e to her for English and Bible lessons. T h e meetings for y o u n g w o m e n oh W e d n e s d a y afternoons were well attended. O n Saturday afternoons her helper had a music class for them. M a n y of t h em were led to attend the church. T w o of them wished to receive baptism, but their parents would not con­ sent. Miss Lansing has also done s o m e calling at h o m e s and the parents seemed pleased and quite willing that their children should attend S u n d a y School. S u n d a y mornings she taught an E n g ­ lish Bible class at the Church S u n d a y School, and semi-weekly a class of N o r m a l students. T h e latter w a s begun with two and increased until there w a s an average of fifteen. A n u m b e r of these N o r m a l students also c a m e to attend church on Sunday. F o u r afternoons of each w e e k she met with her t w o helpers for Bible study. Mrs. Nagata, the Bible w o m a n , has been very faithKagoshima





ful. In July Miss Lansing left K a g o s h i m a to attend the Annual Mission meeting at Nagasaki, and on account of illness w a s c o m ­ pelled to be absent from her station during the rest of the year. Sh e expects to return about the first of February. ■ Mr. and Mrs. Flondelink are studying the language. T h e y have also been paying particular attention to the students of the col­ lege. Mr. Hondelink is teaching the English Bible Class in the Church S u n d a y School. ‘ . Mrs. Hondelink is conducting a S u n d a y School in her home.. It w a s begun six years ago by Aliss Lansing with a mere h a n d ­ ful of little ones, s o m e of w h o m have been constant attendants. T h e w o r k opened this year with an attendance of forty-five, in three weeks there were about 100, arid n o w the n u m b e r is 130. Mrs. Hondelink has had Miss Lansing’s Bible w o m a n to assist her. There are three other w o m e n and tw o y o u n g m e n from the Col­ lege w h o teach in the school. A t Christmas time Miss Lansing’s and Mrs. Hondelink’s schools united in their exercises. Including the parents and a few relatives of the scholars, there were over 180 present. A s in other places the children brought things which were put into “Comfort-Bags” and sent to the soldiers. M i y a k o n o j o welcomed a n e w evangelist in the spring. H e and his wife are both efficient, and the Christian body is sturdy, though small. T h e y have perhaps the best all-round S u n d a y School a m o n g our stations. O n e boy, the son of a Christian mother, walks in four or five miles Saturday, spends the night with his grandmother, and after the mo rning meeting trudges back home. K a w a n a b e is a small village which gains its importance from the ac ad emy located there. T h e field comprises the county of the same,name, and runs fifteen or twenty miles north and south. There have been no baptisms during the year, but conditions on the whole are good. S o m e of the scattered Christians and in­ quirers have distinctly m a d e progress. T h e y have done espe­ cially well in contributing to the work. • . b KUMAMOTO-OITA DISTRICT.

This district is extended and comprises the large city of K u ­ mamoto, together with Shimabara, Fukuoka, Usa, Oita, and Usuki. T h e points being so scattered it is impossible to unify the

w o r k by frequent conferences or joint meetings. T h e only bond of union is the missionary as he m a ke s his quarterly or semi-an­ nual tour. T h e w o r k in K u m a m o t o is supported and entirely directed by the Native H o m e Missionary Society and the local Christians. Mr . Pieters simply cooperated. K u m a m o t o .— A t the beginning of the year the regular services for worship on S u n d a y mornings had anaverage of 30 to 40. Special meetings were conducted by Mr . Oishi and Mr. Pieters for a pe­ riod of three months. Those in the southern section of the city did not prosper and therefore were given up, but those at the h o m e of Mr. Pieters were well attended. T h e only disappointment w a s the character of the audiences. T h e y were all either y o un g m e n or boys. N o a m o u n t of advertising or soliciting succeeded in bringing out any others. T w o or three conversions have, h o w ­ ever, resulted.directly from this work. In the m o n t h of April began an affair which led to the resig­ nation of the pastor, the withdrawal of s o m e of the members, and the crippling of the work. T h e contributions have also suffered. Other m e m b e r s have c o m e in so that the n u m b e r is about the s a m e as before, but the quality is not as good. A n e w pastor ar­ rived in A u g u s t and the w o r k has since been well kept up. T w o y o u n g m e n were added to the church, and the prospects are very good. T h e S u n d a y School is in a better condition than ever be­ fore, and the ladies’ meetings are growing. T h e S u n d a y after­ noon Bible Class, which Mr . Pieters conducted in his home, has been largely attended and most useful. • T h e great need of K u m a m o t o is a suitable church building. T h e m o v e m e n t towards securing one, so far as it depends on local gifts, has been very m u c h impeded by the withdrawal of s o me of its members. It has been kept up, however, and the s u m of two hundred and seventy-five yen has been collected. T h e effort to •raise m o n e y through s o m e of the w o m e n ’s societies in the h o m e churches has resulted in the collection of seven hundred and thirty yen ($365.00). T h u s with one thousand yen on hand and a fair prospect of raising an equal a m o u n t during the comi ng year, there are hopes that a lot m a y be purchased and building begun during the next few months. S h i m a b a r a .— This is the chief place on the peninsula

of that name, wh er e the Christians m a d e their last stand against the forces of leyasu in 1637. T h e exact spot where their castle stood is not Shimabara but Arima, ten or twelve miles away. N o w there is scarcely a district to be found m o r e given to idolatry and superstition, or m o r e bigoted in its hatred of Christianity. In this difficult field Mr. H e m m i has been at w o r k during the . year, sowing the seed or breaking the clods by the gentle force of a patient and earnest Christian life. H e has not confined himself to the t o wn of Shimabara, but has gone along the coast south-as far as Higashi-Arieie and Kuchinotsu, and north to Tahira. In Kuchinotsu several y o u n g men, teachers in the public school, have become deeply interested. In September they formed a Bible Study Club of five or six members, binding themselves for at least six months to study the Bible. In Shimabara the s a me thing w a s done later, and there is prospect of a similar m o v e m e n t in Tahira. In the S u n d a y School at Shimabara M t . H e m m i is assisted by Miss Inazu, a y o u n g w o m a n w h o received m o r e or less Bible train-, ing from Miss Couch, and by Mr. Toi, one of the public school teachers. Forty or fifty children have been in attendance most of the year. A t the Christmas celebration m o r e than a hundred per­ sons were present, including several c o m m o n school teachers, and the principal of the Middle School or academy. T h e latter has also been at special preaching services. All this shows that the “cake of custom” by whicli Christianity w a s a prescribed re­ ligion, is being gradually softened, and promises brighter days for Shimabara. ' In


this improvement



not ^ t0 notice that Mission educational w o r k is onei of the principal causes. T h e most important teacher in the Middle School, next to the principal, is a graduate of Steele College, while the m a n already mentioned as assistant in the S u n d a y Schdol received his religious impulse in a Methodist school. In the Kuchinotsu c o m m o n school w e find one or t w o former students of Steele College, while the tw o or three families w h o s e sons were educated there are always ready to welcome the missionary or the evangelist. , F u k u o k a .— Church property has been acquired here during the , year, being paid for from the rent of the chapel lot in Nagasaki. Scholarship

T h e piece contains about six hundred square yards. A small house w a s built which is used both as a parsonage and a meeting place until the need's of the congregation and the state of our funds unite in justifying the erection of a church building. T h e w o r k in F u k u o k a has not been fruitless. Several baptisms have taken place during the year, which ends with a n u m b e r of inquirers under instruction. But the gain has been m o r e than counterbalanced by removals, so that the w o r k is perhaps weaker than a year ago. A visit in D e c e m b e r w a s m o r e encouraging than usual because of the n u m b e r that attended the services and the interest manifested. A graduate and former teacher of Steele Col­ lege is teaching in the Middle School and occasionally assists the preacher in his work. U s a .— A t U s a Machi is situated the great temple of Hachiman, the go d of war, w h o is in particular favor at this time. T h e temple is visited by m a n y people w h o pray for the success of the Japanese arms, although, as Mr. Pieters w a s gravely informed by the waitress at the hotel, the go d H a c h i m a n himself is not n o w at home, having gone to the front. In the immediate neighborhood is the village of Yokkaichi, the center of the Shinsu sect, where the annual Buddhist c a m p meeting'attracts thousands of visitors. In both places the people subsist largely by what they make^out of the pilgrims, and the local sentiment against Christianity is corres­ pondingly strong. T h e w o r k at U s a is quite different from other in our Mission. H e r e only have w e real country w o r k a m o n g farmers and small land owners. T h e y and their ancestors have occupied this fertile plain for generations and suffer little change^even in this changeful time. M o r e than a dozen years ago tw o prominent families joined our church and they are its pillars still. But in such a co m m u n i t y it is very difficult to c o m e out on the L o r d ’s side. T h e m a n w h o becomes a, Christian m u st do so in the face of all the restraints of village and country life, and in spite of the pleadings and protests of his parents and the silent reproach of the ancestral graveyard. There w a s no k n o w n conversion during the year in spite of the unwearied efforts of Mr . Kawasaki. But this does not m e a n that there have been no results. “There

Country Work, any

are m a n y of us in the village w h o would like to join the Chris­ . tians,” said a y o u n g m a n to Mr. Pieters s o m e months ago. “T h e n w h y do you not?’’ wa s asked. His illuminating reply was, “W e are. waiting for the old folks to die.” • Nevertheless there are n o w tw o or three w h o are either secretly Christians or well disposed. A m o n g these is the principal of theAgricultural School, w h o last spring invited Mr. Pieters to speak to the students in Japanese on so me topic of general interest. T h e subject chosen w a s Pres. Roosevelt as a model to yo un g _ men. In the fall another lecture on the evil of lying wa s listened to with respect and interest. ' O i t a .— O u r w o r k here has undergone re-organization dur­ ing the year. Several na me s have been dropped from the roll, and although a few have been added, the membership is smaller than a year ago. H e r e also the church building question is a burn­ ing one, and a small fund is on hand, though not enough to offer prospects of speedy success. T h e first part of the year the w o r k Park Meeting, here w a s prosperous. O n e of the teachers of the Agricultural -School w a s an active Chris­ tian and, although a Methodist, took a great deal of in­ terest in pur work. W h e n Mr . Pieters visited Usuki during the m o n t h of March, he arranged a meeting in the public park. A b ou t two hundred and fifty y o u n g m e n assembled to hear an English lecture on Pres. Roosevelt. • T h e t o wn of Sayeki is an extreme limit. Although a place of ten thousand people, it has no resident Christian worker. T w o years ago our evangelist from Usuki began to visit the place twice a month. Considerable interest wa s aroused, and one y o u n g lady w a s ready to-receive baptism, but before the rite could be a d m i n ­ istered she w a s seized with quick consumption, and lived but a few weeks. H e r relatives and friends, however, were deeply i m ­ pressed with her calmness and the comfort which she enjoyed in the face of death, and several of them have continued attendance upon our meetings. . During the s u m m e r Mr. Hidaka, a graduate of Steele College, n o w a theological student in the Meiji Gakuin, labored in Sayeki U

^ .

s u k i .—


with good results. In N o v e m b e r a Bible Study Club of ten m e m ­ bers w a s organized, two of w h o m are believers. Turning n o w to a general view, w e can only re­ port a steady m o v e m e n t along the whole line. It does not seem to be a time w h e n people in crowds flock into the fold of the Master. But they are comi ng one by one. T h e Christians are also growing in grace, and the church is be­ comi ng firmer. 1 ■ T h e organization of Bible Study Classes is noteworthy. In Mr. Pieters’ district three such have been formed. Ea ch has a brief constitution of which the chief features are that m e m b e r s must possess the N e w Testament and promise to attend faithfully the weekly meetings for six months. All expenses incurred by the club must be met by the members. In the outlying places even so simple an organization holds the inquirers together, and forms the g e r m of a future church. It also m a ke s possible correspondence between the inquirers an d the missionary in charge of the dis­ trict. T h e nucleus of a loan library has been presented to each one of the clubs. H e r e and there the underlying stratum of direct hostility crops out, and this in such varied places and w a y s that it cannot be doubted that it extends beneath well nigh the whole surface of so­ ciety. Conclusion.

A t Hiji, in D e c e m b e r of last year, a y o u n g m a n working in a book store w a s threatened with dismissal if he did not give up his religion. A few miles from K u m a m o t o a primary school teacher w a s actually dismissed, for no other offence than this. O n e of our most hopeful inquirers has keen kept from receiving baptism because the people of his village m a d e life a burden to his old mother, declaring that they would have nothing to do with her if her son so disgraced the co mm u n i t y as to b e co me a Chris­ tian. A lady in Yokkaichi told Mr . Pieters that she w a s obliged to hide her Bible, lest chance visitors should suspect that she was a Christian. 0 Opposition,

, O u r mission has, perhaps, paid too little at­ ° S )J^ygged tention to colportage work. T h e Bible So‘ ciety has colporteurs here and there in K i u ­ shiu, but they handle only the Scriptures, and their activity is very limite’d. If w e could have tw o or three active and earnest men, carrying Bibles and Christian books, sometimes opening evening street stands in the crowded thoroughfares of Sasebo, Fukuoka, or Kagoshima, and at other times canvassing the villages, m a n y m o r e would be reached. 1 Another method which might be of great profit would be to se­ cure space in a daily newspaper, paying advertising rates, and in­ sert bright, pithy talks on the essential truths of our religion. This would cost about one hundred yen a m o n t h for a circula­ tion of 25,000. T h e matter could be changed ten times per month. This would be the equivalent of issuing 75,000 copies each of ten different tracts a month, or a total of 750,000 copies. These would be delivered free throughout the city and country and put into the hands of thousands w h o never think of coming to a Christian preaching service. ■ PRESSING NEEDS OF T H E S O U T H J A P A N MISSION.

1. Steele College has been left very-short in its teaching force, and it is imperative the reenforcement should speedily be sent. 2. Mr. Pieters w a s selected to take up the m a n a g e m e n t of Steele .College upon Dr. Stout’s withdrawal. All the evangelistic w o r k of our church in Kiushiu wa s put in charge of Mr. Peeke. D u r ­ ing the c o mi ng year eleven out-stations will be under him. These had the care of three men, competent in the language, three years ago, and two last year. W e consider it very necessary that a m a n should soon be sent out to take charge of the K u m a m o t o sta­ tion. " 3. Almost equally imperative is it that one or two single ladies, with Bible women,'should be appointed to the K u m a m o t o - O i t a district. This' has been asked for. again a n d ’again and w e trust that the W o m a n ’s Board will this time grant our request. 4. Miss Stout’s departure m a ke s it necessary that s o m e one should be sent to take her place.

5. A missionary family is very m u c h needed in the city of Oita. O u r interests in that section are large and it is necessary that there should be a missionary there. 6. W e also emphasize the necessity for a missionary for F u ­ kuoka. T h e character of the city and the nature of the w o r k are such as to m a k e it m o r e than worth while to locate a station there. If this were done, with Moji occupied by the Northern, and Sasebo by the Southern Presbyterians, and w e ourselves in K u m a m o t o , Saga, Nagasaki and Kagoshima, w e would be able to say that the interests of the “Church of Christ in Japan'’ were fairly well cared for.


ARABIA Misetoi







In A

d op te d

c o r p o r a t e d


b y R. C. A . 1894.

Missionaries.— Rgv.James Cantine, Muscat; Rev. S. M. Zwemer, D. D.,Bahrein; Rev. H. R. L. Worrall. M. D., Busrah; Rev. F. J. Barny, Busrah; S. J. Tboms, M. D.t Bahrein; Rev. James E. Moerdyk, Bahrein; Rev. John Van Ess. Busrah; Miss Jennie A. Scardefleld, Busrah; Miss Fanny Lutton, Busrah.

K. Bennett, M. D. Appointment.— Lucy M. Patterson, M. D.. Bahrein.

Under Appointment.— Arthur Temporary

Associate .Missionaries.— Mrs. S. M. Zwemer, Mrs. F. J. Barny, Mrs. S. J. Thoms, M. D., Mrs. H. R. L. Worrall, M. D., Mrs. James Cantine, Mrs. A. K. Bennett. Native Assistants.— Micha. Gibburle, Busrah; Ellas Bakkoos, A m a r a ; Thomas Emso, Nasariyeh; Jerjls Kass Abdel Messiah, Bahrein; Josef Ameen. Bahrein; Mejld Essbo, Muscat; Salome Antoon, Kuweit; Saeed Muskov, on leave; Ibrahim Muskov, Muscat. Arabic Teachers.— Jn&et

Sess, Busrah; Elias Essbo, Bahrein.

Dispensary Assistants.— Jahan

Khan, Bahrein; Jamil Abdel Messiah, Bahrein; Jolius Abdel Messiah, Bahrein; Selim Bakkoos, Busrah; Oebro, Bahrein; Tofaba, Bahrein; Mrs. Jahan Khan, Bahrein.

R E P O R T F O R 1904. T h e year just past will long be remembered. Sorr ow and glad­ ness followed each other in strange succession. W e were m a d e glad by the B o a r d ’s delegation face to face with us on the scene of action, giving us hearty words of cheer and encouragement. W e henceforth are doubly assured that the h o m e end of our in­ terests has advocates w h o can plead our cause with intelligent appreciation. It m a d e us glad too to s h o w t h e m substantial progress in medical, educational and evangelistic work, to let them behold “sweet first fruits” and to parade before them with just pride our native helpers. This visit therefore ma rk s an epoch in our annals. Its chief results are two: 1. A fuller u n ­ derstanding b y the delegates of our needs and difficulties. 2. A n inevitable quickening of our native brethren w h o have learned to k n o w and love those wh os e mandates w e all respect and obey. W e trust they n o w realize h o w the‘Gospel of Christ invites and unifies East and West, rich and poor, Arabic speaking and English speak­ ing. W e are glad, too, of the addition to our forces— the appointment of Dr. and Mrs. Bennett and of Miss Lutton. W e are n o w as well

m a n n e d as the pioneers dared hope ten years ago. In planning for the campaign of the coming year w e can maneuver scouts, main body and reserves. In proportion as light is intense, s h ad ow is also dense. Dr. and Mrs. Z w e m e r were called to pass through the dark valley in the loss of tw o children. Sickness of missionaries w a s a cloud for a time. O n e of our best colporters died at Busrah, just as he wa s most needed. T h e dreaded cholera raged almost throughout the year. K u we it w a s closed and the colporter expelled, and yet w e praise God. O f the deaths w e say nothing, “the L a m b is worthy to receive riches.” F r o m the sickness w e trust w e have already seen s o m e fruits of righteousness. T h e message which w e send to the churches East and 'West is this: The natives knozv and^

favor our purpose. ■

• '


' ••

W i t h the exception of one m o n t h taken at the Medical. beginning, of the year for attending the annual meeting at Bahrein, and six weeks for a m u c h needed rest in India, Dr. and Mrs. Worrall work ed uninterrupted­ ly. T h e total n u m b e r of treatments by Dr. Worrall reached, 4,794 of which 3,573 were M o s l e m patients, and the remainder Jews and. R o m a n Catholic Christians. Mrs. Worrall treated 4,006 patients. T h e custom of requiring attendance at prayers w a s rigidly insisted on, and as a result 8,635 people heard the Gospel, of w h o m 6,326 were Moslems. A medical dose w a s mi xe d with a spiritual one. That s o m e c a m e for the latter on the pretext of getting the for­ mer, w e have no doubt. O n e patient in particular w a s privatelyoverheard to declare as much, and to add that he wa s not disap­ pointed in wh at he got. T h e receipts aggregated $1,000, thus contributing largely to the running expenses. A suitable house 'for hospital purposes has been obtained, adjoining the doctor’s resi­ dence. Already in the space of t w o week's nine patients have been received. A native Indian Christian nurse has been procured. Sh e adds to .our strength by her character and skill. In one day during the past year twelve cases of colonitis were turned a w a y for lack of'room. A t one time the doctor sheltered under his o w n fbof, four w h o were dangerously ill,- besides their friends, and1

# ,


J U N E , 1905.


likewise five cases of cateract. S u ch statements afford a raison d’etre for a Busrah hospital, an d offer ground for hope. T h e n a m e of our doctors contributes m u c h to the friendly re­ ception w e are accorded up the river country, and now, as ever, the Turkish diploma is the golden key. Miss Scardefield has been re-assigned to Busrah for language study, a n d w e are assured that eventually her training will be a valuable asset for operations, and for visits to patients. EVANGELISTIC.

W e regret to report a decrease in Scrip­ ture sales. This decrease is almost entirely ' in small Arabic portions, and is readily e x ­ plained. In the first place the force of colporters has been smaller than usual. After M a y w h e n Jeyis left, only three m e n remained to m a n the station, the out-stations and the tours. T h e fourth m a n employed in former years averaged fifty copies a month. Then, too, Saeed M u s k o o w a s assigned here, but his time w a s spent in recuperating his health, an d w h e n he returned he w a s called to higher service. Secondly, cholera raged almost uninterruptedly. A t first quarantine w a s everywhere imposed, and the colporters could not be sent to their posts. F o r weeks the roads to Nasariyeh and A m a r a were closed. A s a natural result of chol­ era Busrah w a s for a part of the s u m m e r practically deserted. Fighting a m o n g the Arabs and robbery and murd er in turn all tended to m a k e the inhabitants feel insecure, and to render touring doubly dangerous. Ye t notwithstanding all this the sales of the shop were better than those of last year. Educational books will sell under all circumstances, for they supply a demand, but the Scriptures must create a d e m a n d for.'themselves and. are the first to suffer from untoward circumstances. M i c h a occupied the * shop at Busrah, and by, his keen knowledge .of the native fharacter an d his efficient training succeeded in m a k i n g it a n attrac­ tion. T h o m a s w a s kept at Nasariyeh, and his blameless CHris­ tian life and amiable m a n n e r w o n h i m an d his w o r k m a n y friends. Elias’ w o r k at A m a r a m a r k s an epoch. T h r o u g h his k n ow led ge of Turkish, his fearless yet discreet presentation of the truth, and " Bible Work,

his resourcefulness in difficulties he has become a favorite with the officials, and his shop a rendezvous' for boys and effendis. Five extended tours were made, occupying 143 days, and covering 2,400 miles, largely by slow native sail boat, and partly by British river steam­ er. Mr. V a n Ess m a d e t w o extended tours occupying 103 days. O n e wa s to the Nasariyeh country, reaching Hamisiyeh a military out-post, hitherto untrodden b y foreigners, and. where formerly our colporters were maltreated. H e knocked at the very door of the great and mysterious inland. His assignment to be in charge of the out-station will afford opportunity for reaching fields hith­ erto untried, especially a m o n g the Mesopotamian nomads. A sec­ ond tour w a s m a d e to A m a r a and the Shattel Ha i region. H e speaks in terms of the highest praise of. the reception everywhere accorded hi m by the Turkish officials. T h e magic lantern and the Bible-shop afforded countless opportunities for driving h o m e the truth of God. A limited and discreet use of familiar drugs opened doors formerly closed. Tours.

A t Busrah station besides s o me inquirers of the indefinite type a m o n g Jews and Moslems, Mr. B a rn y had the privilege of .dealing with a trader from Kuweit, w h o has received s o m e instruction from Mr. M o e r ­ dyk at Muscat. H e carries with hi m constantly a testament and hymn-book, and is very promising. A t Nasariyeh interest in our w o r k is keen as s h o w n by the n u m b e r of inquirers. W e mention a road-guard, a government employe and an a r m y of­ ficer with his entire family. A t A m a r a , an officer in the a r m v during an attack of cholera, called for our colporter and confessed his /faith in the living Jesus. In Busrah- vilayet w o r k a m o n g the Tu rk s aiid the soldier class is very promising, .though unsatisfac­ tory, in that officers and m e n are frequently transferred and lost sight of. F r o m all,'however, w e are glad to hear of the confi­ dence M o s l e m s place in the n a m e Protestant. Inquirers.

A t Busrah the regular S u n d a y services, both in English and Arabic have been mostly under Mr. B a r n y ’s care. T h e ayerage attendance in both wa s better than in years past, o w i n g to an increase in the n u m b e r of the community. T h e presence of a clergyman seems to be ap­ preciated by the British residents, and the heightened spiritual tone of the native c o mm uni ty is encouraging. In the Arabic ser­ vices regular collections were taken amounting to $90. It is a misfortune at Busrah station that the w o r k and the workers are so scattered. Except for a little while there were only one colporter, the language teacher and the dispenser there. Mr. Ba rn y hopes in the comi ng year to hold the regular mid-week prayer meeting and Bible class. L e d by Miss Lutton the ladies have conducted a w o m a n ’s prayer meeting in the colporter’s house. Mrs. Worrall and Miss Lutton both were faithful in the dispensary, dispensing G o d ’s word. A n efficient Bible w o m a n at Busrah would profitably cul­ tivate a virgin field. ' Services.

A knowledge of Busrah conditions forces u p on us the conclusion that w e must establish a school. T h e increasing n u m b e r of Protestant children de­ m a n d s it, and the peculiar position of Busrah offers advantages for a school for M o s l e m s which would soon develop into a high school, and perhaps a college. Turkish laws m a k e it difficult for us, yet w e believe that b y tact, diplomacy and a giant faith, our object can be gained. This would enable us to c o m e into closer touch with the people, and break d o w n Islam’s greatest bulwark— priestcraft. T h e influence of a progressive school at this, the junction of m a n y roads, w h o can measure? Educational,


Thro ugh ou t the year there were three candi^ ates f°r Arabic examinations— one for the first ’ and tw o for the second. Besides that Mr. Barny and Mr. V a n Ess devoted s o me spare time to Turkish and French, respectively. A knowledge of both of the latter languages is necessary, even imperative in Turkey. Mr. B arny also m a d e con­ siderable progress in the translation of the Heidelberg Catechism,

86 i



which w e hope to complete next year, as also the other prescribed forms of our church. • . ' .




- Death reaped a large harvest in our Mission circle. N o t only" the tw o missionary children, beloved by all, but Nejma, the daughter of A m e e n , Lydia his wife, Salome, the daughter of Jahan K h a n and Sarah, the babe of A m e e n , were laid to rest in G o d ’s acre. T h e last n a m e d died at K u we it and w a s buried there. W e m a y rejoice that this w a s in every case- not a harvest of death, but a sowing into life eternal. Lydia and N e j m a were brands plucked from the burning, but gave evidence of heartfelt repentance before their falling asleep. O u r Mission staff here w a s subject to changes during the year. In April1Miss Lutton and Miss Scardefield. left for Busrah for language study. Miss D e Free (Mrs.- Cantine) w a s with us until August, and Mr : M o e r ­ dyk, after a short visit in August, c a m e to Bahrein in No vember. T h e native staff remained as it w a s last year, except that Moallirii Jerjis c a m e from Busrah to take charge of the Bible-shop, and a convert from u p country w a s taken on trial as a colporter. P o ­ litically the disturbances in Nejd, and. the recent troubles at B a h ­ rein between Persians and Arabs, have not perceptibly influenced our work. .It is beginning to be well understood that our Mission has no relation with the Indian government, and that w e are Americans. In April the Mission purchased a piece of land for 1,500 Rupees from the Sheikh, as a site for future dwelling houses. .

Jahan Khan, a qualified medical helper from India, w a s employed in the hospital for five months. U p o n the arrival of Dr. L u c y M . Patterson, the charge passed into her hands and remained thus until Dr. T h o m s arrived in November. Dr. Patterson served under temporary arrangement from April till No vember, and gave faithful an d ef­ ficient services. F r o m her report w e quote in part: “T h e chief thing for which w e give thanks is that w e have had m o r e in at­ tendance at preaching than c a m e for medical treatment. O p e hun- ■ dred and ninety-nine addresses were delivered on the m e n ’s side; and the s a m e n u m b e r on the w o m e n ’s side. This w a s in the disMedicah

.pensary or out-patient department. M a n y of the in-patients also attended this service, but besides this a service w a s held every afternoon in the main ward. T h u s m a n y of the in-patients have had a double opportunity of hearing the w o r d of life daily. A n d the .word has not returned unto H i m void, for m a n y have been seeking, one of w h o m has renounced his family and worldly pros­ pects, which were bright, for Christ’s sake, and w a s recently bap­ tized. “Cholera broke out about the end of April and raged with greater or less severity until September. Ab ou t tw o thousand people from M o h a r f e k and M e n a m a h died. Statistics wo ul d not convey m u c h of an idea of the a m o u n t of w o r k done'by the whole !Mission staff during the cholera period, and Hve were too busy fo keep a full record of cases. Sometimes one of us would stay for hours in one house administering every kind of treatment practic­ able, and sometimes w e sat up all night. On ly those w h o have w o r k e d in a cholera epidemic under a tropical s u m m e r sun, and seen the awful ravages, of the disease, can realize the depression that results physical, mental and spiritual, and the need of divine help. Duri ng the year 11,296 treatments were given, 7,279, being m e n and 4,016 w o m e n . There w a s no regular physician present for a part of the year, and at no’time a male physician.” Splendid w o r k has been done against tremendous odds, and one could have only words of commendation for those w h o have carried extra burdens. T h e hospital staff w a s we ak ene d by the withdrawal of Miss D e Free to b e co me Mrs. Cantine, but w e k n o w that Bahrein’s loss w a s M u s c a t ’s gain. Special mention should be m a d c o f the efficient w o r k of Jamil, the dispenser, and Gebro, the surgical dresser. A felt need could be supplied by the gift of wall pic­ tures for the hospital wards. '


O u r book shop is in the old location. .By removing an old partition wall the size has been ‘doubled ■ and rent paid for tw o years in advance, from April, 1904. A record of the n u m b e r of visitors is encouraging. O u r Bible sales are, in spite of cholera and death, and the closing of Kuweit, in excess of last year’s by sixteen copies, reaching a Bible Work,

total of 1,549 Scriptures. O f these 800 were sold from the shop . or on the islands, 384 on tours, 243 at Kuweit, and 122 at the hospital. T h e total value of all books sold, educational and re­ ligious, is Rs. 656. Moallim Jerjis has w o n the affection of the Turkish officials from Kata and Hassa, and there were sales of books in Turkish in both places. In April A m e e n went alone to the O m a n coast and w a s absent for 32 days, visiting Sharka,, Debai . and Khan. In February Mr. Z w e m e r went to K u ­ weit, planting a few gospels at Janna, the only settlement in all this stretch of coast between K u we it and Katif. In June A m e e n went by boat to the village in the dalta of the Shatt el A r a b between K u we it and Fao. H e visited six hamlets never before touched by colporteurs. In October A m e e n and Ibrahim went to Debai by , s^earner ar>d thence along the coast to the extreme northern point of O m a n , Ravos el Jibal, visiting all the coast towns. T h e y met the Shihooh tribe w h o speak a peculiar language, have quaint cus­ toms and appear to be a remnant of a distinct race driven thither by A r a b invasions from the west, tin D e c e m b e r Mr. Z w e m e r and Salome reached Hofhoof, the capital of Hassa, by w a y of Ojeir. Except for the risk of Bedouin robbers w h o attacked the caravan, they found the w a y open and remained at H a ss a eight days as the guests of a Turkish a r m y colonel. Ninety-three Scrip­ tures were openly sold. There are inquirers a m o n g the soldiers, m a n y of w h o m had heard of A m e e n ’s conversion. T h e field seems ripe for harvest. A wide, fertile region, similar to Bahrein in its formation and vegetation, but with a drier, cooler climate and double the population, it offers a grand prospect. T h e y visited Mobarrez, one of the score of villages in the neighborhood of Hofhoof. T h e Arabs here, too, seemed very friendly. Tours.'



• Salome Antoon occupied Kuwe it from N o v e m b e r till Augu st with his family. H e m a d e good sales, and w e believe that his suc­ cess and growing popularity so aroused the Mullahs that they incited the Sheikh to expel hi m on a flimsy pretext. A m e e n visited K u we it three times, but wa s summarily expelled upon a fourth attempt. Mr. M o e r d y k attempted to regain the foothold in De-

cember, but with no success. It is difficult to forecast the future. T h e English government, uncertain of its o w n position there, can extend no aid except friendly acquiescence. A n attempt will again be m a d e and w e pray that perseverance will at last be rewarded. There were two Mo sl e m s baptized during the year on confession of faith. O n e c a m e to Bahrein from Busrah field via. Muscat. W e were favor­ ably impressed by his m a n n e r and knowledge of the Scriptures, and after further instruction he wa s baptized by Rev. Mr. M o e r ­ dyk. Fo r six months he did faithful w o r k as assistant colporter. In D e c e m b e r w e learned, to our surprise and sorrow, that his heart w a s not right towards the Mission, and that he had fallen before a temptation. Although he confessed his sin, and in a measure shovved a penitent spirit, he wa s dismissed from our e m ­ ploy. T h e second convert w a s a native of Bagdad. H e comes of a respectable family, w a s once a soldier, went with pilgrims to M e c c a and returned via. Katif to Bahrein. H e received treat­ m e nt in the hospital and m u c h attention spiritually, and read with' avidity all that he could get about our religion. After three m o nt hs’ instruction and testing he w a s baptized by Mr. M o e r d y k in N o ­ vember. T w o dervishes from Y e m e n and Egypt, often c a m e to the house for prayer; w e hope that they are true pilgrims to the Heavenly City. Neither is n o w at Bahrein. Seid A h m e d , w h o taught in the school, wa s a patient in the hospital, and nearly died from a cholera attack. Duri ng his illness, and before and after, he professed faith in Christ. Fear of men, however, kept h i m back from public confession. O f G --- , w h o left for India, w e hear glad news that cheers our hearts. H e is baptized and is living an earnest life. M --- ’s light is under a bushel. W h e n w e meet h i m privately he confesses his faith, but in public he refuses to speak to the brethren or to us. His case is very sad and perplex­ ing and needs earnest prayer. There were other inquirers during the year, of w h o m w e have hopes. Inquirers.

These are needed both for our Christian comm u nity and for Moslems. Especially for the former regular preaching services were held the entire year every Sabbath, in both English and Arabic. T h e SunMeetings.




day School, for the children (Jews, M o s l e m s and Christians) w a s kept up by Mrs. Z w e m e r , and the attendance and results were even better than last year. A Bible class for adults studied the Interna­ tional lessons, and the same class went through the Westminster Catechism and outline studies of all the books of the Bible with a m o n t h of special study in the Revelation. Duri ng the latter part of the year Moallim Jerjis taught a class of the school children from B r o w n ’s Catechism. For all of this w o r k w e need better accommodations. Bahrein station needs nothing so m u c h at the present juncture as a building fit for chapel and school use. T h e day school w a s open continuously for nine months. T h e present is 68, and the average attendance for the last three months 40 > earlier in the year it w a s less. Fifty-two are Moslems, four Jews and 12 Christians, 29 boys and 39 girls. T h e ladies of the Misr sion staff taught the girls sewing and other work. Miss Lutton, Miss D e Free, Mrs. Z w e m e r and Mrs. Bennett in turn superin­ tend this branch. . T h e general course of study for both boys and girls included kindergarten, reading, writing, arithmetic- and geography, with so me physiology in Arabic or English. T h e school is opened" and closed with prayer, Christian h y m n s are sung and taught, and even the M o s l e m children sing t h em lustily. W i t h plenty of variety there is lack of grading, and the cramped quar­ ters are especially trying for the older pupils. Except for an hour a day instruction in English conversation by Dr. Z w e m e r , Moallim Elias had the general care of the school. H e has done faithful .work, but growth is next to impossible until w e secure a proper r o o m ’ for which the Mission' asked the Board last year. Seid A h m e d , a M o s l e m inquirer, formerly of El A z h a r University in Cairo, w a s employed for three months as an assistant teacher with the hope that he wo ul d attract M o s l e m pupils of the better class. T h e experiment proved a failure. ■ ' Educational,



Miss Lutton, Miss Scardefield and Miss D e p ree (Mrs. Cantine) were candidates for the second examination .in Arabic, and employed a large

part of the teacher’s time until, the withdrawal of Miss Lutton and Miss Scardefield to Busrah, and Mrs. Cantine to Muscat.

Mrs. Z w e m e r writes as follows: M a n y inter­ estin g cases c a m e to the hospital during the year, for W o n , e n * interesting both medically and personally. . .' . M o r e interest has been s h o w n by the w o m e n at the clinic talks, and certainly the m o r e intelligent have listened most attentively. Per­ haps the continual dropping is beginning to wear a w a y the stone. O n e feature of the w o r k for w o m e n this year is new. Miss D e Pree (Mrs. Cantine) a n d I went o n donkeys to s o m e distant villages taking medicines. In .the first village w e s a w a large n u m b e r of w o m e n , but few were treated, o w i n g to their fear, but the next time in the sa me place w e were not able to treat them fast enough. T h e small r o o m w a s kept crowded the whole morning, and Miss Lutton had several preaching services. I visited several houses where w o m e n gathered to see and hear the “n e w w o m a n ” and to plead for medicine. Eight of these short tours were m a d e on. the island in the spring. A b o u t 160 w o m e n were treated, but ' w e must have c o m e in contact with^twice that n u m b e r w h o m w e should not have met otherwise. O n e Thursday w e visited the w o m e n of the ruling sheikh. W e were received very courteously and s h o w n m u c h kindness, where a few years ago the mission­ aries were stoned. T h e youngest son of this, sheikh had visited B o m b a y and w a s quite a cosmopolitan. E v e n here in Caesar’s household w e were able to witness a little for Christ. T h e house to house visitation has not. been carried on as vigorously this year as last. I m a d e 26 visits, and in nearly all cases w e were able to read and speak about- the “one thing needful.” Miss Lutton did considerable visiting before leaving for Busrah, and sold or gave a w a y several copies of the Scriptures. W e have missed her for the school w o r k also. T h e latter w a s taken up b y Miss D e Pree after Miss Button’s departure. W h e n it w a s opened after the s u m m e r I helped, especially with the sewing. In this branch w e have eight Christian girls and from fifteen to twenty Moslems. Mindful of the parable of promise w e watch the comi ng of “the blade ; after that the ear, then the full corn in the ear.” ' W o m e n ’s W o r k




Mr. M o e r d y k w a s placed in charge of Muscat and O m a n at the beginning of the year, and remained until Mr. Cantine’s return in O

November. U n d e r his regime four tours w e r e . m a d e by the helpers and one by himself, the latter being cut short, by cholera, which almost depopulated certain tracts in the interior. T h e great poverty and distress which are consequent upon several years of very light rains, also proved an obstacle. That the.Bible sales were 1,331, testifies to faithful and fearless w o r k on the part of all. Points hitherto untouched were reached, and it will not be long before all of our i m m e n s e territory will have been sown, at least once, with the W o r d of God. A s the years g o by it is increasingly necessary that our helpers be m e n of tact and loving zeal. In m a n y a corner of our station there are those w h o have read and thought, and are inclining toward an acceptance of the truth. T o nourish and save-these first sprouting blades of grain, requires a wiser touch than merely to scatter the seed over an untrodden field. In our colporter, Ibrahim, w e have a m a n w h o will meet these conditions, and to wh os e care w e can leave so much. H e is worthily following in the steps of his brother, Said, with whose n a m e readers of reports from Muscat are familiar. During the year the Bible-shop w a s m u c h visited, and is already k n o w n as a center of light, and the missionary’s and colporters’ houses as popular and beneficial places of resort. S u n d a y meetings were held regularly by Mr . M o e r d y k with good, attendance both at English and Arabic services. Inquirers were met and dealt with, giving m u c h encouragement. A trader from Kuwe it spent m u c h time with the missionary, and his efficient instruction became evi­ dent w h e n he visited Busrah. T h e sheikh of a m o s q u e w a s also a frequent visitor at the mission house, and a diligent student of G o d ’s W o r d . ' M o s t of the slave boys w h o were first taken The Slave Boys, under Mission, patronage in the days of Peter

Zw e m e r , have secured positions affording a good livelihood, as a result of their training, and several of t h em n o w and again remind us of the debt they feel they o w e us. T w o still remain at Muscat, one a servant in the Mission house, and the second a dispenser for the British resi­ dency physician. Dr. T h o m s at Bahrein also employs one, and tw o more are aboard English men-of-war as sailors. Something

of school w o r k w a s done at Muscat during the past year by Mr. Moerdyk, and w e hope to engage a teacher as soon as one suit­ able can be found.. O n e of the lower rooms of the house has been fitted up for a school, and next year’s report should tell of a be­ ginning in this branch. Mr. Cantine writes as follows:. Saeed M u s k o v left Muscat on account of his health a year ago, and after a furlough at his h o m e in Mardin, Turkey, he married and returned to Arabia, only to be taken a w a y by cholera at B u s ­ rah a few weeks ago. N o t often does one hear so m u c h c o m m e n ­ dation of a Christian from the lips of his M o h a m m e d a n neighbors as c o m e to m y ears at Muscat. Capable, brave and willing he did m o r e than any other towards the opening up of the interior of O m a n to the gospel. M a n y a day spent with hi m a m o n g the towns and villages of O m a n gave m e the opportunity of k n o w i n g and loving hi m as a comrade, and often have I been content to sit and listen while he powerfully argued the truths of Christianity to groups of Arabs. W e ill can spare him, but he k n o w s n o w the fulfillment of his prayer in one of his last letters to m e : “I hope I will not beco me weary in G o d ’s work, and also that all m y w o r k will be accepted of the M o s t High, so that I m a y hear that blessed voice, ‘well done, good and faithful servant, thou hast been faith­ ful, enter thou into the joy of thy Lord.’ Another prayer written while he w a s in the hospital at Bahrein w a s not granted. Tf I k n e w that I would die with this sickness, oh that I could return to Musc at and die there.’ “ M a y G o d send us m a n y like Saeed Muskov. His w i d o w is n o w at Muscat and w e hope to engage her in w o r k a m o n g the native w o m e n there, for she is well qualified. Mrs. Cantine has already done s o m e visiting a m o n g the native homes, and has found a cor­ dial welcome on all sides. It is her hope and plan to devote her­ self systematically to this during the comi ng year, and if oppor­ tunity offers^to begin classes for girls and w o m e n . M y short res­ idence on the field this year has compelled m e to speak only of iso­ lated incidents, and in general terms, but w e k n o w of no cloud before us in the future and have every reason to expect divine blessing upon our field.” '



a (V H 40

Arabic.... ...... Persian......... Turkish......... Hebrew......... Urnu........... Gujerati........ English......... Portuguese...... Arabic-English.... Persian-Euglish... Arabic-Turkish... . French and German. Others..........


5 23


1ft 2




6 8 1 “ '4* 20 10

2896 352 190 180 11 55 41 41

2798 346 177 156 11 50 5 29


2 1 7 8 2



2 1 7 3


Scriptures. .... 901 .... 1549 .... 1331

Stations. Busrah.. .. Bahrein.... Muscat..




, .



09 03 P

S s

I/} .

3327 195 221 38



5 6 4

143 167

2400 16.8




Busrah........ Muscat........




ReUgioSfand Educational.........

127- 5- 5 927- 5- 4 1054-10- 9

Total. . / '* 371-fa- 8 91- 8- 3 504-14-'6 .291-12- 7; , 1722-15-17 656- 1- 6 383- 4^10 2094- 1- 1



* a

IS 0


0. as

d '



g GO



North Japan.

G E N E R A L S U M M A R Y 1904-1905.

4 3 8 5 24 4 Stations occupied............... 22 3 162 16 249 48 Out-stations and Preaching Places.. 6 ■6 3 30 5 10 Missionaries, nien, ordained .... 1... 1 2 5 1 1 Missionaries, men, not ordained .... 3 6 32 7 5 11 Associate Missionaries,married w o m e n 5 4 2 29 8 10 Missionaries, unmarried w o m e n .... 3 5 34 12 14 Native Ordained. Ministers........ 9 18 339 48 257 ' 7 Other Native Helpers, men........ 3 5 1 187 25 153 Native Helpers, w o m e n .......... 4 35 12 1 18 ‘ Churches..................... 333 4,913 1,509 2,616 455 Communicants................. 2 359 32 134 168 - 23 Received on Confession, 1904....... 9 1 1 2 -6 Boarding Schools, Boys'.......... 696 116 321 185 74 Scholars...................... 11 1 5 4‘ * l Boarding Schools, Girls'.......... 615 165 74 199 177 Scholars................. .... 1 1 1 3 Theological Schools.............. 12 39 5 22 Students.... :................. 4 223 37 19 163 Sunday Schools................. 42 7,691 5,383 1,650 _ 516 Scholars...................... 1 177 '18 163 Day Schools.......... :........ 68 6.959 250 6,641 Scholars... ,.................. 9 4 2 .3 Hospitals and Dispensaries........ .20,765 . 64,094 8,060 35,273 Patients Treated................ Native Contributions,* Silver....... !^1A RftO Rsfl 577 Y 806 Y 1.200 $600 $214 $10,900 $403 Native Contributions, U. S. Gold.... 87,191 $2,192 O

C O M P A R A T I V E S U M M A R Y 1858-1905,



1868 6

Out-stations and Preaching Places..


8 6 1 22 7 297

10 18 14 12 4 76 2 13

816 2 55

1 46 .7 6 17 87 413 1 15.507 81.134

1878 11

49 16 14

1888 11 123 28 21 9 26 173 47 47

6 86 10 31 1,563 4,559 7 1' 308 40 6 .300 97 19 32 106 44 1.341 2.612 1 9.673 81,500 $8,325



23 24 241 ‘ 249 36 35 32 31 •29 20 30 34 211 339 187 41 35 47 5,564 4,913 9 • 10 696 517 11 .10 456 615 61 39 201 177 6,059 6.959 9 4 18,046 64.094 $10,758 $10,900

, NOTE.— In Japan, as the churches become self-supporting they also become selfgoverning. Most- of those planted there by our missionaries are now in the sole con•trol of the Synod of the “ Church of Christ in Japan " which comprises the fruitage of seven different Missions..Converts from all of these may be associated in a single 1 church. If it were possible, as it manifestly is not, to separate and tabulate the fruits of those who nave planted and watered for us. the above totals of churches and pastors would be increased by at least twenty with a corresponding enlargement of the number of Communicants, Sunday Schools and Contributions.










d od &;

10 6

1216 37 1544 61 50 17


12 26 35 23 67



13 10 13 75

7 25

10 26 22 20 51


12 59


1453 68 2399 32 53 34 51 92 18 43 70 39 89 67 ....... 77 16

21 10 70 06 22 51


* ”6*95



1386 87

72 21, 94


110 16



53 40 193

26 26 '80 S65 24 23 43 35 11 38 17 27 35 12 55


” *i93” * 33 76

2 50 *25

42 86 70

122 86

25 36

**78 ?i 38 38 24 67 126 65 48 77

14 30

10 13 7 50 37 30 16 27

134 67 55 97

95 20 30

58 25 59 38

17 50 30


2 50 40


8 50

22 9 95

130 63

960 38 63

18 50 20 85 30 60 3 4 01


“ is*** 292 25 106 82 30 43 3 84 01 119 38

664 99

2674 59

6 8

4 25 25

232 16 104 34



288 78 9$ 31 91

................ Bergen First, B a y o n n e ........ W a y n e St., Jersey City Park, Jersey City .... Fifth St., B a y o n n e .... Second. H u d s o n City ... Lafayette .............. Church

227 31 854 71 38 50 17 25 18 43 44 04


1532 90




First, H a c k e n s a c k ............ Schraa l e n b u r g h ............... English N e i g h b o r h o o d ........ N e w Durham* ............... First, H o b o k e n .............. N o r t h B e r g e n .............. Second, H a c k e n s a c k .......... G e r m a n Evangelical, H o b o k e n Third, H a c k e n s a c k ........... Closter ........................ Coytesville .................... Guttenberg ................... Central Ave., Jersey City .... C h e r r y Hill ................... Secaucus ................. Spring Valley, N. J ...... Westwood ............... Oradell ................... H a s b r o u c k H e i g h t s ..t.... Highwood ................ Rochelle P a r k ............ B o g a r t Memorial, B o g o t a W e s t H o b o k e n ...........


1 is


59 98





First, A l b a n y ................. Second, Albany, M a d i s o n Ave. Third, A l b a n y ................ Fourth, A l b a n y ............... Fifth, Albany, H o l l a n d ....... . Sixth, A l b a n y ................. . First, B e t h l e h e m ............... Second, Bethl e h e m , D e l m a r ... S e c o n d B e r n e ................. . Clarksville ...................... Coeymans ...................... Jerusalem ...................... Knox .......................... N e w B a l t imore ................ N e w S a l e m ..................... Onesquethaw .................. Union .......................... W e sterlo ........................ Classical Conference ...... .....


0 «


77 32







14 12 25 ,14 58



salary of a Missionary, $760>

207 38 82 61 81

77 80 23 75

525 67 130 78 156 97 61 203 32 18 197 38





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1 3



BERGEN. •31 76 , 40 50

St. John's G e r m a n


31 40 5 3 17 14

5 3 17 75


14 68 528 74 CLASSIS O F

128 70

48 88

699 38

76 68

l 1405 70

DAKOTA. 9 60

9 50 18 20 43 139 130 50 • 60 62 57 3

60 92 76 85


15 35 60 14 42 3 47

76 28



23 12

74 43

36 76

6 3 14 06 7 7 50


18 60 20 68 60 176 42 145 17 50 85 63 47 62.75 122 28 3


14 55 ~

6 3 24 06 10 90 7 50

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648 26

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16 76 12 50 37 56

17 25 19 20


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7 8 37 38 6 117 126 10 63 121 10 47 10 40 20 171 10 10



8 54 185 66 197 56 118 220 11 30 35 20 16 12 65 23 3 60


6 20 10


60 98 26 03 60


29 31

22 13 8 36



61 25 50 60

10 60

16 44 13 2 50 1


23'76 38 45 93 76 88 46 08 446 67 645 09 466 48 254 29 471 52 44 69 157 98 65 99 72 60 0 64 98 300 16 108 60 44 73 8 191 44 17 85 81 75 • 27 6 • 138 85, 32 >■ 2 57 27 19 6 60

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998 43


First,'1 A t hlensen • Second, A t hens First, Catsklll ....... 1............. First, Coxsackie .... .......... Second, Coxsackie**.::;I v . . .. Kiskatorrr .i. Leeds ....^ (^la^sical Conference 1; .



*■ . .


35j r.53) 81 24' 58 *108 60 •17-25 =■16 96

’‘‘*814*81 58 41 '• 261-71J 106 79‘ ’* 63 66 _ 4 2 4_0

••524 84

1432 78'



•*9 55

223 50




3 eaverdam Second, Cleveland*;:: E a s t Overisel ... :.. E.benezer- • .... Oeiderland Graafschap Hamilton First, Holl a n d Third, Hol l a n d \.... Fourth, H o l l a n d .... Holland Center-.:... First, J a m e s t o w n .. Second, J a m e s t o w n N o r t h H o l l a n d .... Overisel ...1....... Saugatuck ..................... N o r t h B l e n d p n ’................ South B l e n d o h ..... 1......... T h r e e O a k s .................... Vriesland ..:.................... T o w n Hall, H o l l a n d M*. S.’ Sch. First; Zeeland ..... i........ Second, Zeeland i':.... Zendlngsfest ...!..... .......... B e e c h w o o d S. S. ,... '.......... Classical Conference ........

-•15,65 40 16 59 34’84 84.74 37 70 46 48 229 12 17 10

23 29 65 66


1 9 10


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5 89 66

58 83 05 81

66 42 59 37


8 02

100 43 43,50 70 530,45

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253 70 148 1075

18 25 52 03 138 42

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318 35 47 95

' 11 723 9 1219 439 5 10 •10


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First.’ Clavefack' Gallatin ..... .H. Germantown1 G r e e nport .*.... Hudson '

28 77 10 19 28'39 161*04 3287 18 33 -•27:49 216 23 ■ 75*38

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94' 66 59 08

* 92 19 74-34 •117 90 658 71* 27 10

7- 45


26 64

8-02 152 8 26 376

57 215 ' 18 58

810 57 CLASSIS



130 25 -• 39 99 •• 46'70 ‘ ' 42 40

37 50 61 83




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6169 9;67 12<62 8154 -47 72


6 25 4 16 11 50 4 42 36> ■45 30

83 7 57 70 116 28 22 7 51 101 -5 •13

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109 81 50 41 ’100 91 111 35’ 361 43' 105 87 ' ’71' 03 ' ' 35' 34‘ ' 347T4' .*176 76* : 16 50

67 70 851 82 38 41


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917 88


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1962 63 * . CLASSIS

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46‘70 209 33 328 65

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' S 62 , :- '.210 92 ii


195 54 .

22 50

90 92 61 fiS ’

Sandstone ......................... Sioux Center. Central .:............ Sioux Co. Miss. Festival .......... » •

. 63*^

;217/24 «...


16 45 9d • 6 50 • 2 ” ••• 126 14 ......4**

■ 125 98

Roseland, M i n n ....... ...........!... Rotterdam .......................... ............. ............... Sheldon Silver C r e e k ............ .....

64 92



Churchvllle ......................... Clara City .•......................



253 67


312 23

.... ....... •....... .•........



: . 143 1 67 86 ' 30


, .

■■ ••

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306 96

1 Boyden



.v........ v. .\v...v. .•....... .




15 97 ,

2 50 ■ 53

.... ......... ....


25 14' 90 25 82 12 15 5 23 77


8 33

• - •98' 41

Second, P e k i n ....... *.......... . Pennsylvania. L a n e ...*.......... Raritan ..... ........-___ -...... Trinity,





W o m a n ’s Board. :>


Y. P. 8 . 0. E. *


S u n d a y Schools.




4 30 43 33 V » ?9 4347 89







.. 12-25




79'27 ' '

...."ji.” .' Kingston, Fair St............ j • •• 65-21 Krumvllle .................... ..... Lyonsvllle ...-....... :.... .......... • ■ 5 78 M a r b l e t o w n , Stone R i d g e .......... ■■ 29 86 . 7 . ‘N o r t h M a r b l e t o w n ..............•___ . 121 73 Rochester, A c c o r d ....... ‘......... 23 .


■? 6 35

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. •. - i ? . 280 36 39 50 j "t.

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$eS &a S sO £



(CONTINUED.) 5 7 19

R o s e n d a l e Plains .............. St. R e m y ....................... Classical Conference ........... 140 65 N.




Jamaica* ......................... N e w t o w n , E l m h u r s t .............. Oyster Bay, Gl e n H e a d ........... N o r t h H e m p s t e a d , M a n h a s s e t .... First, W i l l l a m s b u r g h ............. First, Astoria ...................... Flu s h i n g .......................... K e n t St., B r o o k l y n ................ S o u t h B u s h w l c k ................... Second, Astoria .................... E a s t W i l l l a m s b u r g h a ............. Queens ............................ G e r m a n Evang., B r o o k l y n ..... . Sayville .......................... Locu s t Valley .............. ...... College Point ...................... First, L o n g Island City .......... Bushwlck ........................ G e r m a n Evang., J a m a i c a ........ Hicksville ......................... Second, N e w t o w n ................ Steinway ......................... C h u r c h of Jesus ................. N e w H y d e P a r k ................. S u n nyslde ........................ Classical Conference ..............



241 27 25 48 15 190

7 50 25 36

15 152 09 118 40 35 65


23 73


10 93 78 89 80 8 53

30 25 49 85 40 , 38 99 15


42 41


10 2 50

350 3 8 75


6 2 25

366 15

220 60 235 218 126 54

40 73

106 87

”5 80

554 43 25 . 69 50 40 36

34 40 62 28 27 37

94 40 92 37


17 24 08

15 78 184 38 24







1201 25 S. C L A S S I S

920 51

25 75


93 80 03 08

8 2


15 30

94 50

856 03

2517 93


381 322 40 208 280 29

592 1194 2S2 599 400 171 78 61 321 279 175 1666 30 3


First, B r o o k l y n .................... First, Flatbush, B r o o k l y n ........ Grace. B r o o k l y n ................ . N e w Utrecht. B r o o k l y n ........... Gravesend, B r o o k l y n ..... ......... Flatlands, B r o o k l y n .............. New Lots, B r o o k l y n ............. E a s t N e w York, B r o o k l y n ........ South ............................. T w e l f t h St.......................... Bethany ......................... O n the H e i g h t s ................... N e w B r o o k l y n .................... Second. Fl a t b u s h ................. Canarsle ............... ......... St. T h o m a s , D. W . I............... O c e a n Hill ........................ Edgfewood, Bly t h e b o u r n e ......... R i d g e w o o d , E v e r g r e e n ............ G r e e n w o o d H e i g h t s ............... B a y R i d g e ........................ G e r m a n A m e r i c a n ....;............ . Classical Conference ...............

182 169 41 58 78


75 52 9S 61 41

46 70 61 20 80 1198 91 30 3

60 201 66 70 05 61 3(

100 72 67

7 50 22 45

50 16 01

50 76 25 50 50

41 60 124 34 130 95 467 31

24° 46 75 33 03 82 41 60 04 88 22

20 6

20 “ ‘16*12

10 12 11 60 68 50

11 60 176 11 42 39

601 581

128 46|

6112 00

•This Church, thro u g h a n Individual, h a s paid the salary a n d expenses of a mission­ ary, a m o u n t i n g to 6900.








'H <4

si d of 0.'



s i *




Bethany, G r a n d Rapids ............... Britton Centerville ............ Constantine ........... D e Spelder ............. Grace, G r a n d R a p i d s .% Second. G r a n d H a v e n .. First, G r a n d R a p i d s .... H o p e , Holland. ........ Second, K a l a m a z o o .... Macon ................. Second. M u s k e g o n ..... S o u t h B e n d ............. S o u t h M a c o n .......... Classical Conference ....

151 32

35 *i7 49 34 69 153 77 172

26 70 46 28



*8 27 *76*79

9 40

30 90 15 1 25

65 74 83 20 98 85


117 124 265 250 361 1 84

26 70 27 65 92' 25

2 02'

” 2 02

11 Zi 1396 62

239 21 CLASSIS O F

“ 26*89


T ’irst, Freehold . Holmdel ....... Middletown .... Second, F r eehold Keyport ....... L o n g Branch — . Colts N e c k ..... Highlands ..... A s b u r y P a r k .... R e d B a n k ......

25 07 77

12 204 72 10 6 20

12 77

52 32‘ 145 81 74 14 326 61 23 11.06 27 77

7 3 60

18 06 7 81

27 25 51 44 64 89 77

17 81 50 82 02



11 06 6 86

3 21 79 25




First, A m s t e r d a m ... Trinity, A m s t e r d a m Aurlesvllle ........ -Buffalo ............ •Canajoharle ...... . •Cicero ....... ..... Columbia .......... Cranesvllle ....... Currytown ......... Ephrata Florida, M l n & v l U e Fonda ........... F o r t H e r k i m e r ... F o r t Plain ....... F ultonvUle ..... Glen .... Hagaman Herkimer Johnstown Manhelm Mapletown ..... Mohawk ........ Naumburg ...... Owasco ......... O w a s c o Outlet .... St. Johnsvllle .... S p rakers ........ Stone A r a b i a .... First S y racuse .... Second, S y racuse . T h o u s a n d Islands

37 33

10 7 51 7 05 38 95

2 50


80 04 12 50 9


24 44

61 05 89

4 85 3 60

12 20

9 35


75 62




2 8 60

4 85

46 66 20 50 5 44 37 11 87 70

167 25 18 12 58



10 27 24 08

31 82 114 70

70 03

132 69 42 50 5


61 22J

2 10 13 44

26 60


51 91 11 70 >2 50


10 85 52 75

19 25 3 50 ■40 11 22 50|

5 9 60 50


“ 92*66

82 3 50

MJ-61 ■S'?


I■ l| l)




! s


i *

i :



a\ :

.'! i

w •P.u.v: od

1 -fr ‘





; j v; Utica............

' ...

» :


iWest L e y d e n v....... .......... Classical.C o n f e r e n c e ............. :


. . . . . i■.'.

t;’ \yi , \r CLASSIS^OP jjt V

Belleville ....... ............ First, N e w a r k ................... Irvington ;.......... :........... N e w .York Ave.,. N e w a r k ....... Franklin, N u t l e y ................. North, N e w a r k r....... ;.......... •West, " N e w a r k - ...... ............■. .Clinton AveL;v N e w a r k • :...... Trinity, N e w a r k .................•. Linden .......... ........... Christ, W o d d s l d e ............... B r o o k d a l e '.V. .•................. . Trimly, Plal'nfleld '!!!!! 1!!!!!!!! 1!!; G e r m a n , Plainfield ...L........... Montclair Heig h t s ....... M a r c o n n l e r Chapel....!.......... H y d e Park,; E a s t O r a n g e ........ Classical . C o nference,..............



*' '504 78 ....W.

N E W A R K ’" • ‘ "

6 77 8 35

■ ^ s

“ lO? .’.97 I21 25 * 62 62

'I860 35

.. 6'

247- 25

47 ‘ 03 17


9 85 86,69

16 76

::■>!Jr I” iV ^ CLASSIS ir i



.16 86 ..136 14


,102 86 ;i72r46 ,18. ..4419 40 ' '8 * 757 90 136 23 ^ 6 56 ’ 29 22 •73.32 ■ .810 34 .408 35


6 ...

13 30

209 82 183 78


v : ! ? 09 ;.32,30

14 15 40


66 83 90 36 04

. .127 » 133 35

479 89 98 23


8 62 30 IS 30

123 335 54 57 ..10 .342 6

.89.05 • 102 64 15 09 2119 45

■ ••

C L A S S I S * OF- N E W BRUNSWICK. • i 4 First, N e w } B r u n s w i c k ........ *. F r anklin P a r k ......:........... Hillsborough > ................. . Mlddlebush .................. G r i g g s t o w n ’ .. ...... J ............ Second, N e w B r u n s w i c k ....... B o u n d Brook..................'. Third, .N e w B r u n s w i c k ......... I E a s t Millstone ................. *. Metuchen ........... I........... S u y d a m St.,!. N e w B r u n s w i c k ..... Highland. P a r k .......:........... S p o t t s w o o d : r*........ '........... :. Classical Conference ......


,2 '

14 30

6 66

28 22 . 44.17 600 52


' '*10 ..

424' 60 “




.104 44

150 4





-V163.27 65 20 -88 94


.466 93 404 03

,17 70

2 60

22 60 .


’ 27 . *207 65 .46 23 84 .41 77 .118

7 89 24'29 39.18



9050 91 .45 101 72

250 13 50 73 32

793 690 , 30 .27 46 577

260 .

: .m L m


.,.7 47

isii 04

* 572 16 • .11 28 ' -45;



.20 04

:20 04

! 842.71

2462 03


Collegiate. N : Y. Cltyi............. «4th St, N.'Y. City .!............. K n o x . M e m o r i a l . . N . . . Y . City ....... Vermllye.Chapel, N..Y. City---- .... iHa r l e m Collegiate, N. Y. City .... South,. N. Y...CIty ....:............. M a n o r Chapel, N...Y. City ..... ’ .... P o r t .Rich m o n d , S. I. '.............. Bloomlngdale ........... I......°.... M a d i s o n A v e ......................... Ger.. Evang.-, H o u s t o n St............ H u g u e n o t P a r k 1 ................ . M o t t H a v e n - . ......... ............. Union, High. Brid g e ...... V : .

21 78


05 11 07



...57 60 ..593 61 .



25 72 . 42 94 1713

100 15 25 96 167 55

17 35 .35

5 227. 95

14561. 36 • .,170 61 .. 176 04 ■ ■ 57- 60 1766.41 ■ :830, 76




■. -455 50





* OF


•;r, . 107 06 10 38

_ U ::



34 24 fe­ es 99

19 11 10 15 19 22 34

67 28 36





'■7 M &

*102 06

;Y i3so


'..12 «

01 35 28

250 02

: •

v^: Y o S H- « io.«

•:.*: •■


26 69



5 "S'

D 1 • 22158 90

8840 04

972 63


•Bloom i n g b u r g h • ..^.... Callicoon ..................... Claravllle . • • C u d__d eebackvllle b * ..... Deer, P Park, .Port Jervis Ellenville ... •Fallsburgh . Gra h a m s v l l l e Kerhonkson Mamakating Mlnlslnk Montgomery ............ Newburgh ....... N e w H u r l e y ..... . ‘i.’.... N e w Prospect ......... '. Second, Port Jervis' .... Shawangunk ' IJhlonville .........1.... Walden .............. ‘ .. Walklll Valley ......... U p p e r W a l p a c k ........ L o w e r W a l p a c k .......... . W a w a r s l n g .............. Classical Conference ...


i' j.'I

\1 . - M 150­ " 07 00

24 23 5 25 261 19 162 42 '24'72 77 98

50 1*

. .237. -, 81 66 66,0? 5-'.i*

.•11 50 60 3 7 85

100 ; ;;ii’35

' is 84 145 74 13 73

. 1*45 31 *15. 23 23 5

*5° 3 85




.8 &0


' ''-fl . -' i p " "a* A eT*’

” 50'.

49 80 35 04

.... 225*54 . 67 27

4 *5 14 154'85



12041. 99 ^



F o u r t h Ger.\ N. Y., City ;F ^Prospect H H ) .■Ave.* B, G e r m a n ‘Brighton Heighti S. I. 68t h rSt., G e r m a n . Ger. Evan., St. Peter’s ‘ .Grace ................ H a m i l t o n G r a n g e . ..... ■Comforter ....-------lAnderson M e m o r i a l — iWest F a r m s - ’..;...... '. Fordham. ............. ■Bethany''Memorial !!... Colony, O k l a h o m a .... Fort* Sill, O k l a h o m a (Prince’s B a y . ’.-, A r a pahoe, Q k l a ■Melrose Gotebo, Okla. .... .Clinton, Okla. -... Mariners.. Har Harib o r . Cordell. Okla.


1 *




w ..o hl'rf ad

&j a ®H




;48 70

357 02

'■1549: 97

•- tir • CLASSIS



lAcquackanonk, *Passaic* “'.’... .*.... Centerville, sA t h e n l a .... Hill'.... Clarkstown, * ’ .^..1. .................. Clifton Garfield ................... *..... G l e n R o c k ..... *................. Hawthorne 1.... First Lodi ........ Second. Xx>di ...................

747 31

’ 20

11 25 27 21



286 02

■ 27-76 28




0ft a,' X


W o m a n ’s Board.

S u n d a y Schools.

■. ei


D CLASSIS O F P A R A M U S . (CONTINUED.) 28 40S 24 35 35 305 61 10 53

26 90 63 16 87 55

38 59 57 85 125 40 20




64 16 74 3 262 16 32

10 75

285 28 14 41 52


109 45 46 50

45 23 60 32 70

1 50

57 78 62

79 2 83 14 61


92 89 76

70 52 4 03 11 78

25 7 60

2349 67

718 83

118 14

20 10

7 50 11 25 60 14

60 ’ .3 11268 38 60 136 59 8 20 1 16 39


1308 29

20 41 155 16 12 16 43 90 71

78 19 35 60 20 29 43

22 73 5 83 34 82 51 71 U 0 71 20


15 50

33 75


60 22 24 83

8 27 10

11 80 21 50 35




228'ST 22'61 211 81 41 50 495 03 36 62 45'54 16 39 4494 93


51 35 21 60


28 26 745 24 120 52 87 27 160 15 545 32 138 05 10 119'86 23 60 39 20

21 86 5

Spring Valley, N . Y .................

12 75

5 15 51 2 40


582 70

341 55

58 77

222 10


62 11 160 35 20 102 222 22 24 80 95 246 91 6 ° 8 15 2

60 25 60 50

75 18 40 .79 14

51 40


; 279 61 170 20 13 57

30 40 93


83 50 220 90 130 “

10 , 2 60


58 90 1 2 ‘69 127 7

88 46 2 50 52 57

26 19

83 87 20 09 64 3 60

893 83

173 32



451 26 329 80 353'50 20 13 67 60 26 87 85 G9 1 83 2 87 89 127-09 7 64 3 60 1579 15





® ‘ , Churches.





%'■ •S!



O 00


23 77 4 75

80 72 18 60 395

9 44 7 74

8 80 6


P. P R A I R I E .


8 18 05 45 45

2 50


1 50



25 12 75 ' 85 90

4 10 1

913 31 CLASSIS O F


72 48 25 22 "2 10 12

10 3

138 36 149 92 ' 84 51 162 41 /4 4b 4 30 22 75 23 15 20 85 55 55 74 50^ 59 32 66 ,75

114 85



O r a n g e b u r g h , S. C ..........

157 20


10 75

2 25 10 75

351 47

1450 98

5 82

35 82 100 32 38


Balleyvllle ......................... Baker, Sibley ....................... B ethany, Clara City ...............

30 100 23 38 67 50 12 25 15 10 92 50 I 15 70 30 38 117 250 26 60 192 45 29 61 41 215 68 64 75


5 •

10 10 21 14

12 1 1(

20 14 17 25 30

44 08 3

101 65 10 10


7 6C .........

7 12 1665 61

125 64

7 5C

196 47

12 25 25 S3 45 10 118 50 16 10 90 30 38 131 267 25 26 50 33 266 53 32 61 41 20 316 65 78-64 95 81 30 14 62 1995 28




3 5( ......... T 4 3 ......... 38 1 25 25 5J 9 6 3l 2 5 >1.........

34 29 38 61 18 Clenham


© Ss


114 59 27 32


South, Philadelphia ............... .


& ®


Fifth. Philadelphia ................ Addlsville .......................... T h r e e Bridges .......................


& ii 00

18 15 10 31 10






175 651 41 37 45 46 75

61 5 4 7* 1a

749 56 731 67 79.77 66 89 84 09 145 15 143 72 15 32 2 50-







;■ r











(CONTINDED.) ‘Coi'd. S p r i n g ..... Mlllbrook ..rA..... (^laeeJcal Conference .I CLASSIS


30 S58 85

172 82

*92 58 32 94

71 95 !9 96


S o u t h B r a n c h ..... ThJ'rd, Raritan Pottersville ..... H i g h Bridge ....:,.. .Annandale .... Fourth, Raritan .... N e w Center .......

’ ’

68 10 22 88 .... i2;79

7 54 ’238 26 34 '39

50 65 17 73 35

21 52 96 65


10 38 33,39


20 '•

■ *114 ''

"IF ‘* "12-­

' 298 54 . 118,90


- 1li?

*.* 11 60 ' 107 29 204 30

.18 60

'll lllll

. ..j. ..

; i 19 *7*75

■'65 83 2Q.80

110 37

743 13

1850 55

4 75

15 06 * 34 52 ;317. 135 76 76 10 131 75 693 17 115 ** 54 89


8 iifi’**

*‘**i66“ *

3 31 '22 50

7 •"


44 410 01 47

10 2029 50 K 12 30

10 26 "21 50 47 50 5 I

5 • 15



12 02 101 119 '32 62 47 56 32

76 10 75 05 09 "

15 36

35 ■*i 50 15 60

364 27

* 116 91


‘ 5 -2 , 3 35,.


'13 88

is 88

;579 45



Classical Conference

..... •


.129 93

*“ *8 37


A bbe, C l y m e r ....1.... .......... Arcadia .............. V.'.’..V. ,V. Brighton ................. ..... First, Cleveland ....... V. .V.V... Clymerhll ...... ........... .'.V.'.. East Williamson ........... ; Farmer ................. . .. Lodi .................... ; ...... . Marion .......................... N e w Y o r k Mills ............... !” Ontario ......................... Palmyra ......................... Pultneyville ........... .......... .First, Rochester ...... .......... iSepond, R o c h e s t e r ..... ..........

‘ 1 I■' :.

2240 28


747 27 rCLASSIS, O F

1144 61


Blooming Grove Castleton ...I..' Chatham ...... First, G h e n t *___ Second, G h e n t .. Greenbush .... Kinderhook Nassau ‘’ ’ First, Rensselaer N e w Cone C o n c o r d " ... Schodack ........... S c h o d a c k L a n d i n g ... Stuyv e s a n t .’ /....'....I •Stuyvesant Falls .... Cl assical C o n ference


' 184*61

‘ 30 *’26*96 ’*'“ '38*93 4 68; ............

681 48 OF

35 06 37


First Raritan, Somervlllev_____ R e a d i n g t o n ’'.................... ■Bedmlnster .* . . . . I .... Lebanon ___ R o c k a w a y I*' N o r t h B r a n c h ............. ^Second.^ Somerville . ....



^ .

.29 9 "9 8 28 98 25

71 05 061 13 65 50

78 36

_ 40;

**39*62 27 46 3 25 150 13

14 13 * 25 92 15 ' 52

10 61 72 16 35 11 38 '6 30 76 18

80 14 15 12

' i48 07

65 25 24 67

44 30 * 15 50!

.19 22 11 50


20 20



69 50



273 63

HI 15

30 194 14 50 43 33 252 114

87 25 81 05 98 '• 50

v.v!!.*! . 397 85|


73 50

.373 61

1455 27



;? f!!

i i

ja 8' X3

i' *.•


•fl 1 I;






h e n e c t a d y

Altamont* ..... ...... Amity, VlscheHs Ferry Bellevue, Schen e c t a d y c'. First, Glenvllle- ' Second, Glenvlll Helderberg L i e h a ’s Kill ......... ...... Mt; Pleasant, S c h e n e c t a d y Nlskayuna .......... :..... Prlncetown .... First, R o t t e r d a m i... Second, R o t t e r d a m . First, Schenectady^.. Second, Schen e c t a d y Classical Conference

48 09 163 02 1|40 5, 5 50 r 82' 16 42 21 "SO 42 ‘ 5 “ 63 04 ::i8'26 2 50



3 25 4 15 35 93

20 11

■*••'8 23

J ? 4!

l4o 16


•< •, .

15 ■ "* 5

' 16 50 * 57 12

. ..2 5 ..

18 25 26 75 51

..... 4 2 5

110 44

’24 25

' ’'294 66

- ^ ' 923 94

‘'Hl'.-jr:' •:■ ‘ 10 10 94 "'26 20 ’ ’19 -26 29 ’

97 23 44



8 60 19 61

. • 96 60

2 50


08 84 57


14 35 ■' '26 46 ' 143 50 53 39

2 50 10'76 47 48


■73 33 ■;«-62

..‘I1.50 10


88S 12

295 05 87 50 75

448 55 165 50 75

' 1130 29

1859 13


J '2711





126 90

• V 4-


..................... Beaverdam First, B e r n e .......... Breakabeen .......... ...... Central Brid g e < Cobleskill *........... Eminence ___ t ....... Gallupvllle ........... Gllboa .... V . ..■.■.’.■... G r a n d G o r g e ..:..... :........... H o w e ’s C a v e .......... .........' Lawyersville ....... ........... Middieb'urg N o r t h B l e n h e i m ' t ........ Prattsville • ......... Schoharie ___^ .

2 35 5 6 26

55 73 96 05


■J? 76




16 13 12

1 25 11 50 2 35

.33,40 .

‘64 62 . 12 35

6 42 ' 160



1 50

6 42 12 50 5 9 25 '

"10 i S n Giibia::::::::::::::::::::::: Classical Conference ...'.I.......

,• ;



-r.-« ??


!: :

574 83 :•


' r*lt


494 59 c l a s s i s .o f

■ «*




Boght ... J..... Bu ^ k i r k s ......... Cohoes ..... ;.. ........ Easton Fo r t Miller .... Gansevoort Greenwich Noi)rthumberland Sarati laratoga S c h a g t l c o k e .......... W e s t Troy, N o r t h ... "West Troy, S o u t h ... W y n a n tskill, ....... Classical Conference



9, fl



$ 60 144 71

' ,8 50 -

370 68


B l u e ’ M o u n t a i n ............... C h U o f C o m f o r t e r ............. i Ch.»of Faithful ........ '..... ;;

J a y Gould Memorial Katsbaan ..... ...... .

4 15 6,56

9 97 ;2005 14 72 33

8 31

'ii 89

5 13 911

20’ I 11 32[

16 65 ’ 32 11 . . .1 25

'IS tu 19 66


. lit '.

2035 14 121 35



^ .

ii . ■

ad a; x'



W o m a n ' s Board.

S u n d a y Schools.






N o r t h Esopus, Po r t E w e n

179 11 17 IS 29 104


............. i..............


78 76 64 81

51 59 8 21





10 2 50

14 58

485 07 39 52 27J29 71 01 29 . 129 30 2 50 3 6 14 58

95 75

443 76

3119 62

146 12

253 30

30 02 1 50

223 63 18 05 52 20


3 6

2468 44 CLASSIS


111 67



40 20‘91

5 9 39 5 300*05 60 223 17 26 49 201 51 170 11 64 04 20 91


M t. V e r n o n

5 5 * 104 60 53 16 97 65 It


3 60

89 ■



63 15 32

12 10 34



30 60 24 04





74 19 45

473 54

208 66


577 76

> 1849 86

355 127 48 28 7 28 78 34 8 109 45 103

77 85 332 38 6 40 64 47 13 50

50 38 18 89 26

9 98 10

117 97 167 70


10 5

561 389 450 66 14 108 163 86 21 204 55 286

13 46 18 49 10 21 61 61 28 75

7 204 62 47

50 85 13 49

53 72 373 104 118 954 16 145 149 30 52





■90 60 ’ 157 54



68 08 10 85 21 88 61 10 75 08

7 60 67 85 27 47 49 34 60 158 5 109 803 5 120 55 30


18 io

57 68

10 73

110 20 13

27 5


50 12 40 41 65 05 77 42 75

2559 38 1

35 10 115


• 15

9 50 31

31 70

968 49


85 71

160 99120 11 24 40 47 85

1166 35


91 65 05 17 97 75 75

4779 93

F R O M INDIVIDUALS N O T T H R O U G H C H U R C H E S . A. B ................. 15 a. L. A .............. 25 Daughters of Rev. E. R. Atwater ........... 50 Rev. P. G. M. Bahler— 5 Rev. J. O. Bayles.... 10 0 Mrs. A. B. Bedford.... Rev. J. T. Bergen, D. D 5 Rev. J. Bohler....... 10 Rev. James Bolton.:... 2 Miss Louise Brink.... 6 George J. Buckley— .... 100 Cash .............. 1® Cash .......... .... 10 10 Cash .............. Miss Annie S. Churchill \ 50 R. D. Clark.......... 10 Miss M. H. Coats.... 5 Rev. Henry N. Cobb, D. D .................. 55 Sanford E. Cobb....... 50 5 Continued .......... Mrs. Mariette Cornell.... 50 Mrs. Maria Cornell.... 25 Mrs. Mary Davidson.. 2 23 F. De Haan .......... 40 H. P. De Pree........ 2 Rev. John Bancroft De­ vins, D. D .......... 25 The Dubbink Sisters — 15 Rev. J. Elmendorf, D. D. 50 F. Fiet ............. 30 A friend ............. 10 A friend ............. 5 A friend ............. 5 10 30 A friend ............ A friend ............. 15 A friend ............ 15 A friend, Cedar Grove, Wis................ 5 A friend, Hudson, N. T. 60 A friend, thank offering 5 A friend, thank offering . 10 A friend, So. Holland, 111. 15 Friend of Missions, M o n ­ tana .............. 3 Rev. J. G. Gebhard... 12 Golden Wedding, Middleburg, la.......... 15 H. D. D., Birthday Gift 100 C. H. Harris......... 250 Miss Eleanor C. Heermance ............ 100


5. P. Heeres .......... Rev. John Hoekje and family ........... 5 Holland, Mich..Hope Col­ lege, Y. M. C. A ..... 16 50 Mr. and Mrs. D. Hopper 5 C. Hoven ........... 30 Rev." Lewis Huber.... 3 “Kingston, N. Y.”.... 50 Rev. G. J. Kollen, LL.D. 10 Rev. George Korteling.. 5 Rev. and Mrs. A. Kriekard .............. 2 Miss M. B. Labagh... 10 Miss A. N. Lake...... 60 Ethel and Esther Lepeltak M. Box ........ 75 Mrs. Aaron Lloyd.... 5 Lodi, N. J., Miss. Soc.. 24 40 2 50 Mrs. J. L. Mac Nair-Rev. & Mrs. F. Marson.. 5 Mrs. C. A. Mapes...... 35 In memory of Mrs. La­ fayette S. Foster.... 100 In memory of Rev. J. M. Van Buren ......... 100 Rev. E. Rothesay Miller 1200 Rev. H. D. B. Mulford.. 60 Ne w Brunswick, Stu- ' dents, Theol. Sem.... 100 K. Andriessen ....... 2 25 Albert Palmateer .... Miss Caroline Paret... 10 5 Rev. P. T. Phelps.... Mrs. C. Rosendal..... 1 Ruslink Family Reunion... 5 15 Rev. W. L. Sahler.... Mrs. K. V. D. Searle and daughter .......... 15 Mrs. Nathan Shoemaker 5 Sigma ............. 100 Miss Anna R. Slinger-' land .............. 15 Rev. John G. Smart... 10 Rev. J. L. Stillwell.... 10 Sullivan Co., N. Y., C. E. Union ............. 5 2 Herman Van Ark .... Mrs. E. B. Van Dyck__ 12 Rev. Jacob Van Houte.. 20 S. Van Neste........ 30 Rev. A. Vander Werf..... 5 M. Van Westenbrugge... 50


burS ............. 1.25— Ralph Voorhees ...... 3000 . Alfred ’H. Vroo'm.... ,... 10', Louis V. Waldron, M. D.’ 60

il i tf* ■■ A '■

The Misses White ..... 100 Mrs. G. WInthrop.... 100 . • • ___ £ ' ? ‘36938 95

i|' ■ !i


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; 1965 •

1 fr :

MISCELLANEOUS. Additional from W o m a n ’s Board.......... ..................... Income from Security Fund X.".;.....A . .......... Income from other Funds .................................. • Sundries ............. ....... ........................... ;



$654 28 2065 1877 03 230 19 $4827 40





• 1-. . 1 , v;


. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . !. . . . . _ _ .’.V....

Arle Schakel $7155 Sarah A. Brodhead .*.... ........ ...... j-..-............ •• 153 33-.' . ^ifLidulsa A. Schomp',;..... ■... ........... ! __ ‘ 200’ IE. W. Mulford ..i...*..... ’...... /...... 1 . . . __ ___ . 100 ‘n ■ ^JElsie Manton .. ...V.... ___ .... 1....... '20 ' . Anna Westveer ........ ............... ! ..’...U . 254 36 : ‘ Elizabeth Taylor __:r............. .. :... 53032 Louisa. A. Brown 95 ' Jane E. ‘Eckerson •..‘.'.l.......... ............... ...... 93 Lambert‘H. Jonker ..... ....... ........].................. 475 Bertha Vlsscher ...... ........!.......;..........________ 95 . H.\ J. Hoenlng ..... ........... ................. ...... ... . 434 26 fiAlida Van Schaick, for Investment............ ■.__ ............. 30000 . James Y..Elmendorf,- for investment... ...... ......... .... ..... 10029 68

. . . . . . . . . . . . . ; . . ....I................

. ■ . ' • . $42608 -50 . • Less expenses ......... ............... _______________ ..... 97.35 • ’ "





$42511 15

GIFTS F O R W O R K N O T C O V E R E D B Y T H E A P P R O P R I A T I O N S . ............ For Missionaries’ salaries, outfit and travel ...j................. $3663 92 Ranipettai Hospital and native physician!for d o . 187132 » Rebuilding Second church-at Amoy..... ........ 414 05 * Martha Schaddelee Memorial Bed,’Siokhe^ Hospital.......;:..... 785 ■ 1 . A m i Industrial School Endowment ....... ........Jx..'.V...’. ’.X‘ ..V.'...,X'..... 3 37550 ; Church'Building •Kumamoto, Japan ... 213 46 • , Circulating book ‘-‘The Pastor and Modern Missions".*.... !....' 250 • .From W o m a n ’s Board .. .......... ..... ........... .....,-... 5039 10 / Miscellaneous ...............2144 79 1. • $14693 16

bi d GO cu



ALBANY. 2066 746 504 • 747 397 494 574 160 2468

43 20 ’ 78 27 85 59 83 44

9060 39


98 24 97 27 31 44 90 97 67

17 25 87 50 60 60 116 91 73 50 24 25 27' 11 12 90 95 75

1386 524 487 579 373 294 1130 144 443

1620 75

515 77

6365 28

16562 19

152 25 94 128 304 48 64 90

665 355 856 2243 8840 357 1144 577

1499 96 920 51 2517 93 6112 22158 90 1549 97 2240 2$ 1349! 86

59 74 109 364 610 110 r. 126 52 111

87 84 09 45 61 66 29 71 76

4430 1432 1162 1807 1455 923 1859 370 3119

53 78 44 90 27 94 13 68 62



627 398 1201 3138 12041 989 S58 473

31 39 25 72 99 40 85 54

19729 45




W o m a n ’s Board.


S u n d a y Schools.


154 140 366 601 972 154 172 208

73 65 15 58 53 85 82 66

2771 87

33 75 50 46 34 70

908 08

59 72 03 24 04 02 61 76

38349 41

14940 01


3532 528 352 3008 1311 2349 582 913 681

90 74 20 02 04 67 70 31 48

11260 06


664 99 699‘38 244 03 3528 92 842 71 1308 29 222 10 351 47 743 13

3057 62

672 43

* 8605 02

67 1166 1786 312 1086 239 173 125 968

35 56 248 81 47 188 45 7 85

346 128 79 733 237 718 341 157 315

07 * 70 25 37 08 83 65 20 57

130 48 11 104 61 118 58 29 110

63 • 88 44 20 14 77


2674 1405 686 7374 2452 4494 1205 1450 1850

59 70 48 75 03 93 12 98 56

23595 13



G r a n d total ....................

648 2701 2563 306 1962 581 893 1665 2559

26 80 48 96 63 88 83 • 67 38

66 68 39 23 32 21 32 64 49

20 16 45 78 74 50 71

13883 89

5925 82

795 54

53933 79

13376 96

2891 82

104 998 810 217 1251 386 467 196 1166

63 43 57 24 16 79 47 35

5598 64 34508 95 .

855 4923 5408 917 4347 1396 1579 1995 4779

43 11 60 88 89 62 15 28 93

26203 89 104710 62

Receipts of the Board Since 1857, in Periods of Five Years, With Totals and Averages. YEARS.


1858. 1859. 1860. 1861. 1862.

$16,076 25,034 30,181 34,159 28,603

87 61 58 26 17

1863. 1864 1865. 1866. 1867.

42,257 35,391 82,038 55,783 •63,030

36 18 22 75 89

1868. 1869. 1870. 1871. 1872.

53,472 81,410 57,342 71,125 65,173

91 38 94 52 26

1873. 1874. 1875. 1876. 1877.

83,948 55,352 54.249 64,342 58,152

61 95 95 91 53

1878. 1879. 1880. 1881. 1882.

69,085 58,443 63,185 92,984 58,184

87 49 71 32 71

1883 ....................... ............... 1884 1885 ............... 1886 ....................... 1887 ...............

65.284 76.955 88,131 86,386 86.787

58 23 04 35 02

tl09,946 9.V142 117,090 116,265 112.163

11 24 14 45 59

1888 ............... 1889 ....................... 1890 .?................ 1891 ............... 1892 ............... 1893 1894 1895 1896 1897

............... ............... ............... ............... ...............

136,688 106,571 105,506 147,156 105,661

10 48 72 65 61

1898 1899 1900 1901 1902

............... ............... ............... ............... ...............

109,244 115,548 136,576 163,826 149,527

79 02 28 73 00

1903 1904 1905

............... ............... ............

142,834 06 123,397 58 133.705 60





$134,055 49

$26,811 10

278,501 40

55,700 28

$28,889 18

328.525 01

65,705 00

10,004 72

316,046 95

63,209 37

341,884 10

68,376 82

5.167 45

403.544 42

80,708 88

12,332 06

548,607 53

109,721 50

29,012 62

601.589 56

120,317 91

10,596 41

674,722 82

134,944 56

14,626 65


$2,495 G3

♦In addition $56,500 w e r e given b y Mr. W a r r e n A c k e r m a n to r e m o v e the debt resting o n the Board. B tin addition $45,335.06 w e r e given for the E n d o w m e n t of the Theological S e m i n a r y In the Arcot Mission, thro u g h the efforts of Rev. J a c o b Chamberlain, D. D T h e total a m o u n t given since 1857 is $4,129,229.58. .


Dr. For the A m o y Mission ...................... Arcot Mission ........ ............ North Japan Mission ............... South Japan Mission ............... Discount and Interest ......................


$21,303 35 40,935 09 22,730 12 17,573 26 i'320 54

H o m e Expenses: $951 67 Rent and Care of Office............... 7,500 Salaries ........................... 114 40 Account Books and Stationery .......... 197 24 Printing Annual Report .............. 304 90 Printing Leaflets .................... 1,091 83 The Mission Field ................... 93 35 Department of Young People’s W o r k .... 63 45 Missionary Boxes ................... 542 75 j Travel among Churches .............. 776 33 | Travel of Cor. Sec. to visit Missions... 480 i Stenographer .................. •••--300 36 ' Postage ............................ 34 33 ' Missionary Conference Reports ........ 300 Christian Intelligencer ............. 48 31 Gen. Synod’s Com. on Syst. Beneficence... 45 01 Telephone ......................... 39 01 Exchange on out of town cheques...... 73 61 Miscellaneous ........ .............. 27 50 ’ Insurance ......................... “ 15 15 .;■ Express ........................... 50 : Bureau of Missions .................. 25 05 Conference expenses ................. 45 Western member travel to Board meeting.. Excess of Receipts over Expenditures........ Collections ............................... Legacies ................................ Income from Security Fund ................ _ A. J. Schaefer Fund ........... Semelink Family Mission Fund .... Mary E. Remsen Estate ..... :— ' Trust Funds held by the Board of Direction ................ . ' Alida Van Schalck Fund ....... ' Anne Winne Estate ............

13,119 25 ’ 2,030 83 $112,493 29 2,576 22 2,065 '

8 362 19 334 23 133 39 . 1.002 67 ■ 37 45 $119*012 44 $119,012 44

£ '






Balance from last year ............................. $1,715 33 Received during the year ......................... . 14,693 16 Paid during the year .............................. $15,309 57 Invested or held for investment ..................... 1,911 50 Carried forward ............................. *.... '' 2,187 42 $19,408 49 $19,408 49 T R U S T FUNDS, F O R SPECIAL W O R K . Dr.

. Cr: ‘ $5,000 ’ 225

W o m a n ’s Board of Foreign Missions, Special Loan....... Income ................................ Bond and Mortgage on Real Estate.................... $5,000 Tricorne paid to W o m a n ’s Board ...... :............ 225 Geo. B. Walbridge Fund for Ministerial Education, India.. 5,000 209 46 Income ..................................... Bonds of Metropolitan St. Ry. Co., N. Y. City.... 4,790 ' Bond and Mortgage on Real Estate.:.............. 210 Income paid to Board of Direction ............... 209 46 „ Christiana Jansen Fund for support of students in Arcot _ ‘ Theological Seminary, India ................ r. 5,000 , Income ..................................... 206 46 Bonds of N. Y. Gas & Electric L., H. & P. Co... .. 4,856 25 Bond and Mortgage on Real Estate.............. 143 75 Income paid to Board of Direction............... 206 46 Joseph Scudder Scholarship in Arcot Theological Sem­ inary, India ............. 2,000 Income ..................................... 90 Bond and Mortgage on Real Estate............... 2,000 o Income paid to Board of Direction............... 90 William R. Gordon Fund .......................... 2,000 Income ..................................... 80 Bond and Mortgage on Real Estate.............. 2,000 Income paid to Mrs. W. R. Gordon.............. . 80 Elizabeth R. Voorhees College Endowment........... 10,000 Income, three years ........................... ’ 1.212 50 Bonds of Reading Co. and R. & P. C. & I. Co...... 10,000 Cash ....................................... 1,212 50 Isaac Brodhead Fund for bed in Ranipettai Hospital.... 1,000 Income ................. *................... 45 Bond and Mortgage on Real Estate .............. 1,000 , Income transferred to RanipettaiHospital account... 45 Arni Industrial School Endowment................... 1,126 50 Erie R. R.First Preferred Stock................. 144 57 Cash ....................................... 981 93 Martha Schaddelee Memorial Bed in Sio-Khe Hospital... 785 785 Cash ....................................... TRUST F U N D S F OR G E N E R A L WORK.

A. J. Schafer Fund .............................. $194 25 Erie R. R. First Preferred Stock................ 194 25 Semelink Family Mission Fund...................... 14,000 Bonds and Mortgageson Real Estate............. 13,087 57 Erie R. R. First Preferred Stock...... /.......... 462 43 Cash ....................................... 450

A. C. Van Raalte Mission Fund...................... 3,000 . Bond and Mortgage on Real Estate........... v... 3,000 Alida Van Scha.ick Fund ........................... 30,000 Bonds and Mortgages on Real Estate............ 30,000 * 9,934 68 Jas. Y. Elmendorf Fund ........................... Bond and 'Mortgage on Real Estate.............. 9,934 68 ‘


This consists of Par Value. 29 First Mortgage Bonds, Illinois Central R. R. Co..$29,000 6 First Mortgage Bonds, Lehigh Valley Ry. Co... 6,000 12 First Mortgage Bonds, West Shore R. R. Co..... 12,000 6 General Mortgage Bonds, Central N. J. R. R. Co.... 6,000 $53,000 _

Present Market Value. $30,015 6,675. 13,110 8,160 $57,960


W o m a n ’s Board of Foreign Missions.................. W o m a n ’s Board of Foreign Missions ................ The Arabian Mission ..............................

$2,017 60 722 50 4,000 $6,740 10

B O A R D O F F O R E I G N MISSIONS O F T H E R E F O R M E D C H U R C H IN AMERICA. '. 'U 5«: ' '5 »- • . V, .. j ■ „ ASSETS. Investments: ' Railroad Bonds .... ;............... $67,790 69,376 Bonds and Mortgages ............... 5,657 50 Miscellaneous ..................... ------ $142,823 50 Cash: Balance in Bank .................... ' $2,302 89 414 12 Balance in Office .................. --- :--- $2,717 01 $145,540 51 LIABILITIES. Loans .......................................... Mission Treasurers’ Drafts ......................... Gifts, Ex-appropriations ......... ............ ......

$6,740 10 126 25 2.187 42

.. $9,053 77 Arni School Endowment ........................... 1,126 50 Memorial Bed, Sio-khe Hospital................... ,.. 785 Special Deposits, Missionaries ....................... 44 94 Conditional Gifts held in Trust............ .'........ . 3,000 Security Fund ............................. $53,000 Trust Funds ... ’...............•........... 88,341 43 141,341 43 ------ 155,351 64 Liabilities over Assets .. ...................... .'...... $9,81113 Liabilities over assets May 1, 1904................... $11,841 96 Deduct excess of Receipts over Disbursements........ 2.030 83 ------ $9,811 13 From the Report of Edward L. Suffern, C. P. A., to the Finance Committee of the Board of Foreign Missions of the Reformed Church in Amerlca. Gentlemen:— The accounts of the Treasurer of your Board for the fiscal year ending May 3, 1905, have been audited and I certify to the correctnes’s of the same. Very truly yours, . (Signed) E D W A R D L. S U F F E R N , Certified Public Accountant. This report shows an excess of liabilities over assets of $9,811.13, but the Missions have been paid for May and June, in the ordinary course of busi­ ness. $12,653.97, leaving a balance to the credit of the Board May 3, 1905, of $2,842.84. ’ (Signed) C. H. HARRIS, Treasurer. W e have compared the Treasurer's books with the report of the Account• ant and have found them correct. V R E E L A N D H. Y O U N G M A N , W. H. V A N S T E E N B E R G H , . J. J. J A N E W A Y , Finance Committee. New.York City, May 24, 1905.

A R A B I A N MISSION RECEIPTS. M A T 1, 1904, T O M A Y 3, 1905..

S Y N D I C A T E O F O N E H U N D R E D DOLLARS. Rev. T. H. P. Sailer ... $100 Mrs. Sarah Welling.... $100 Arabian Miss. Society, Milwaukee, Wls.................. 100 S Y N D I C A T E O F FIFTY DOLLARS. H. P. Cortelyou ..... Miss Emily D. Sumner..

50 50

Miss Sarah F. Sumner.. The Misses Duryee ....

50 50

S Y N D I C A T E O F F O R T Y DOLLARS. Mrs. Elizabeth N. Collier .............................


S Y N D I C A T E O F T H I R T Y DOLLARS. Fred’k Frellnghuysen, Esq.............................. S Y N D I C A T E O F T W E N T Y - F I V E DOLLARS.

Rev. Lewis Francis,D.D. Rev. H. D. B. Mulford... ,W., M. Soc. Stone Ridge, ' N. Y.-

12 60 25

The Misses Merry Miss N. Zwemer.. Miss Sarah B. Reynolds.

S &





S Y N D I C A T E O F T W E N T Y DOLLARS. Peter Cortelyou ...... Y. L. M. B., 1st Orange City, -la'.'........*....

20 20

Rev. F. S. Schenck, D. D. 20 ■ Rev. J. Elmendorf, D. D. 20 Rev. J. F. Zwemer..... 20

S Y N D I C A T E O F F I F T E E N DOLLARS. Dr. B. H. B. Sleght.... 16 Rev. J. H. Gillespie, D.D. Miss M. and Miss H. Zwemer..........................

15 15

S Y N D I C A T E O F T E N DOLLARS. Mrs. Abble J. Bell..... Miss K. H. Cantlne.... J. L. Amerman ........ J. Den Herder ......... Miss Mary S. Dougherty Mrsi Anna G. Frlsble— John Glysteen ........ S. H. Joldersma ...... Rev. W. W. Schomp... Rev. A. Vennema, D. D. Rev. B. V. D. Wyckoff... J. N. Trompen.......

10 10 10 10 5 10 10 10 10 10. 10 10

John P. Boon ........ 10 Rev. H. N. Cobb, D. D..' 10 Rev. J. W. Conklin... 10 Rev. J. P. De Jong... 10 Henry H. Dawson, Esq.. 10 Re.v. J. G. Gebhard.... 10 A. W. Hopeman....... 20 L. M. S., 1st Rochester, N. Y ............... 10 Rev. A. H. Strabbing__ 7 50 Rev. J. P. Searle, D. D.. 10 A Well Wisher ....... 10

S Y N D I C A T E O F E I G H T DOLLARS. Rev. Isaac J. Van Hee..




H. Boocock...


S Y N D I C A T E O F F IVE DOLLARS. The Misses Abeel..... L. Soc. Greenbush Pres. Ch., Blauvelt, N. Y .. Rev. A. Hageman .... Rev. A. J. Hageman... Miss Kate Lang ...... Rev. L. W. Mullenberg.. Mrs. H. J. Mentlnk .. Rev. P. T. Phelps.... Rev. Geo. G. Seibert... Miss A.T.Van Santvoord Mr. and Mrs. A. J. Welmers ............... Miss E m m a Williams— Rev. W m . S. C. Webster Mrs. J. J. Beattie....

5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 6


SYNDICATE Jacob H. Hoagland ...

6 Miss E. M. Crowell.... Mrs. H. De Groot..... 6 S. S. Jemlsen ......... 10 John Kloot .......... 6 Look Up Circle, Second Rochester, N. Y .... 5 Miss Juliet McCturell ... 5 5 Mrs. E. E. Olcott..... A friend ............. 5 Rev. E. Tilton, Jr., D. D. 5 W. L. Vanderwalle ... 5 Mrs. Gertrude E. Wil­ liams ............. 5 Rev. P. G. M. Bahler.. 5 Vreeland H. Youngman.. 5


O N E DOLLAR. Miss Annette Van Vorst

SYNDICATE OF Second Church Grand Rapids, Mich........... West End Collegiate Ch., N. Y. City............. First O n Somerville, N. J..................... Ch. Mt. Vernon, N. Y .. ..................... First Ch. Brooklyn, N. Y ..................... Second Ch. N e w Brunswick, N. J.............. Ch. Phtlmont, N. Y .................... ..... First Ch. Roseland, Chicago, 111...... .......... First Ch. Jamaica, N. Y ...................... First Ch., Catsklll, N. Y ...................... ’ Class of ’97 Theol. Seminary, N e w Brunswick, N. J. First Ch. Flatbush, Brooklyn, N. Y ............. Ch. High Falls, N. Y .............. .......... ’ Chs. Sioux County, la......................... ' Arabian Miss. Assn., Zeeland, Mich............. Marble Collegiate Ch., N. Y. City, Y. P. Fund... Ch. Belleville, N. J.......................... Bethany Ch., Grand Rapids, Mich.............. Ch. Katsbaan, N. Y....‘........................ Third Ch.. Raritan, N. J ...................... First Ch., Claverack, N. Y ................... : First Ch., Philadelphia, Pa.................... ’ "Muscat Bible Shop,” Hackensack, N. J........ 1, Third Ch., Holland, Mich..................... First Ch., Holland, Mich......................

1 50 120 34 25 45 97 525 80 44 525 34 25 28 3 144 50 76 1151 53 700 466 68

1 7 50 10 51 12 59 35 29 50

1 5455 44

M I S C E L L A N E O U S GIFTS. Accord. N. Y. ........ 7 Ackley, la., S.S.......... 15 Ada, Mich............ 3 1st Albany, N. Y.. S. S. M. Bd............. 50 1st Albany, N. Y.. Y. P. S/ C. E ....... :... ..46 10 4th Albany. N. Y ........ 8 6th’Albany, N. Y„ Y. P. S.' C. E. .;.......... ' 5 Holland, Albany, N. Y... 5 Holland, Albany, N. Y., S. S................ 7 43 Altamont, N. Y.. Jr. C. 1 El S. ■.............. Athens, N. Y., Y. P. S. C. E .................. 10 Alto, Wis............ 107 90 Alton, la............. 41 24 Baileyville. 111.. S. S.... 20 1st Berne, N. Y., Y. P. S. C. E ............... 8 Beaverdam, Mich...... 3 Belmond, la., Immanuel S. S................ 20 Brandon, Wis......... 6 25 Brighton, N. Y., Y. P. S. C. E ............... 5 Brighton, N. Y ........ 5 •Brooklyn, N. Y., Bethany S. S. M. Ass’n....... 25 Brooklyn, N. Y., Bethany Crusaders ......... 5 Brooklyn, N. Y., Flatlands, Y. P. S. C. E.... 20 Brooklyn. N. Y.. Flat10 lands S. S.......... Brooklyn, N. Y.. Flatlands M. Soc........ 15 Brooklyn, N. Y., Grace S. S................ 20 Brooklyn, N. Y., Ch. on . Heights .......... 25 Brooklyn. N. Y.. Kent ■ St.', Y. P. S. C. E .... 10 Brooklyn, N. Y., New Utrecht, Y. P. S. C. E. 5 Brooklyn, N. Y., New Utrecht. A member__ 10 Brooklyn, N. Y., St. Pe- . trie Ger. Evang...... 5


Brooklyn. N. Y., South .. 20 Brown's Station. N. Y... 10 Buffalo Center. la. ... 5 Cedar Grove, Wis.. per A. 82 40 U. Lubbers ........ Cedar Grove. Wis., S. S. 22 20 Central Bridge. N. Y..'...’ 2 ' Chancellor, S. D. ..... - 1 Chapin. la., Zion Ch.. 3 70 Chatham, N. Y ....... 20 ■ Chatham, N. Y., Y. P. S. • C. E ............... 19 * 1st Chicago, 111., S. S.. 71 18 1st Chicago, 111..Catechu­ mens ............ :. 10 1st Chicago. 111., members 12 at Summit ...... "Bethany, Roseland, Chi­ cago, 111............ 10 Bethany, Roseland, Chi­ cago. 111., S. S....... 19 Gano. Chicago, 111..... 120 1st Englewood. Chicago, HI................. 26 85 1st Englewood, Chicago, 111.. Dorcas Soc...... 10 1st Englewood, Chicago, 64 73 111. S. S...... 2d Englewood, Chicago, HI................. 28 46 Northwestern. Chicago, HI................. 10 Norwood Park, Chicago, 111.. Y. P. S. C. E .... 10 1st Roseland, Chicago. 111.. Ch.. S. S. and Catechumens ...... 31 1st Roseland, Chicago, 111.. S. S............ 45 1st Roseland, Chicago, 111:, W. M. S.......... 25 Chicago, 111., Y. L. M. S. 35 5 Clarkstown, N. Y ..... 1st Claverack. N. Y .... 6 25 Claverack, N. Y., Stone Mills S. S..............5 38 1st Cleveland, 0 ....... 8 82 7 54 Abbe. Clymer, N. Y .... Coeymans. N. Y..Outlook Soc................ 4 50 Coeymans, N. Y., S. S... 16 23

Platteklll, Cockburn, N. Y ...... ,........... 1st Coxsackie, N. Y., Y. K S. C. E. ......... Cromwell Center, la... Danforth, 111.. W. M. S.‘.. East Greenbush. N. Y\. Y. P. S. C. E ........ East Greenbush, N. Y.. Jr. C. E ............ East Williamson, N. Y... Ellenville, N. Y.. Y. P. S. C. E ............... Fairview, 111.. Y. P. S. C. E .................. Flushing, N. Y.. Y'. P. S. C. E ....... Forreston, 111......... Fort Plain. N. Y.. Jr. Y. P. S. C. E ..... ■.. . . Franklin Park, N. J., E. M. S............... Franklin .Wis......... 1st Freehold.- N. J., S. S. 2d Freehold. N. J.. Y. P. S. C. E ............. Fulton, III.. Small Ca­ techumens ........ Fultonville. N. Y.. S. S... Greenleafton. Minn., S. S.. Prim. Dept.*.... Greenwich. N. Y., Y. P. ....... S. C. E. Bethel, George, la..... GermantownT N. Y. ■... Silver Creek, German Valley. Ill........... 1st Ghent. N. Y., S. S.. 1st Ghent, N. Y., Y. P. S. C. E ............. 2d Ghent, N. Y ....... Glbbsville. Wis..... Gibbsville. Wis.. Y. P. S. C. E .............. Glen. N. Y.. Y. P. S. C. E. Grand Gorge. N. Y .... Grandville. Mich...... 1st Grand Haven, Mich.. Y. P. S. C. E ........ 2d Grand Haven, Mich., Y. P. S. C. E ...... Bethany. Grand Rapids. Mich., Li. M. S...... Bethany, Grand Rapids. Mich.. S. S...... Bethany. Grand Rapids, Mich., Y. P. S. C. E...

2 50 -10 10 20 10 2 40 15 25 5 19 33 SO 5 1 5S 53 5 2 60 9 45 10 10 S 50 5 4 36 20 SS 50 5 D4 90 16 90 10 73 14 3 42 6 06 10 9 23 * 10 35 5

Grace. Grand Rapids. Mich.............. 15 Grace. Grand Rapids. Mich.. S. S. ......... 10 2d Grand Rapids, Mich., . Hope M. Bd......... 1 80 2d Grand Rapids. Mich.. 2416 2d Grand Rapids, Mich.. S. S................ 40 3d Grand Rapids. Mich. 5250 3d Grand Rapids. Mich.. M. M. Soc............. 7 4th Grand Rapids. Mich.. M. M. Soc.......... 17 4th Grand Rapids. Mich., 5 Y. P. S. C. E ...... 5th Grand Rapids. Mich.. M. M. Soc...... 30 5th Grand Rapids. Mich., S. S............... 61 92 6th Grand Rapids, Mich. 3 6th Grand Rapids. Mich., S. S........... 11 50 6th Grand Rapids. Mich. A member ...;...... 1 7th Grand Rapids,' Mich. 12 7th Grand Rapids. Mich.. S. S.... ........... 30 9S 8th Grand Rapids. Mich.. Li. Aid Soc..........* 5 8th Grand Rapids. Mich., S. S............. 10 25 Hamilton. Mich., S. S.. 8 S3 Harrison. S .D.. K. D... 150 Harrison. S. D., Y. P. S. C. E ............. 10 Hartford, Conn.. Cong. Ch.. M. Study Class.... 20 03 High Falls, N. Y., Jr. C. E. S............. 10 05 Hingham, Wis........ 7 50 Holland, Neb......... 104 26 1st Holland: Mich...... 66 83 1st Holland, Mich.. L. M. 10 S.................. 1st Holland. Mich. Y. P. S.................. 1 60 1st Holland. Mich. Y. P: S. C. E ............. 35 1st Holland, Mich.. S. S. 66 67 3d Holland. Mich. Y. P. S. C. E. .. 5 4th Holland. Mich., S. S. 34 37 Ebenezer, Holland. Mich.. ' W. M. S............ 5 9th St. Chr. Ref., Hoiland, Mich.......... 20 p

Hurley, N. Y ......... 1st Irvington, N. J., Y. P. S. C. E .......... Jamaica, N. Y., S. S ... Jamaica, N. Y., Y. P. S. C. E ........ 1st Jamestown, Mich. .. Bergen, Jersey City, N. ’ J.................. St. John's, Jersey City, N. J............'..... Wayne St., Jersey City, N. J., Y. P. S. C. E ... 1st Kalamazoo, Mich., ..... Catechumens 1st Kalamazoo, Mich, Y. M. M. S............ 1st Kalamazoo, Mich., Y. P. S. C. E ......... 3d Kalamazoo, Mich.... 3d Kalamazoo, Mich., S. S.................. Ch. of Comforter, Kings­ ton, N. Y ........ Fair St., Kingston, N. Y. Fair St., Kingston, N. Y., a member .......... Fair St., Kingston, N. Y., S. S................ Fair St., Kingston, N. Y., L. M. S............. Fair St., Kingston, N. Y., Y. P. S. C. E ........ Kiskatom, N. Y ...... Kiskatom, N. Y., Y. P. S. C. E ............... Lansing, 111., L. M. S.. Le Mars, la.......... Le Mars, la., Y. P. S. C. E .................. Lennox, S. D ......... 2d Lennox, S. D ....... Leota, Minn., Y. P. S. C. E .................. 1st Little Falls, N. J.. 1st Long Island City, N. Y., Y. P. S. C. E .... 1st Long Island City, N. Y., S. S......... Luctor, K an........ Lyonsville, N. Y ...... Macon, Mich., Y. P. S. C. E .................. Mahwah, N. J., Y. P. S. C. E ............... Marion, N. Y ......... 1st Marlboro, N. J.....

6 . 8 ' 25 12 50 3 93 36 3 25 5 10 10 13 30 20 10 4 41 10 2 26 11 5 9 5 10 10 1 ’ 10 10 10 11 23 44 2 50 3 62 16 13 5 1 25 6 16 35 7

Mellenville, N. Y ...... 6 49' Metuchen, N. J., Y. P. S. C. E ............. 20 Free Grace, Middleburgh, la. ............... 25 Middletown, N. J...... 9 75 5 Millstone, N. J........ Milwaukee, Wis., Y. P. S. C. E ............. 15 1st Milwaukee, Wis., L. M. S............... 15 Moddersville, •Mich..... 1 56 Moddersville, Mich., S. S. 1 Monroe, la. .......... 25 Morrison, 111., Ebenezer S. S............... 5 28 1st Muskegon, Mich., W. 35 M. S............... Nassau, N. Y ... ’ ..... 10 Neshanlc, N. J........ 5 Clinton Ave., Newark, N. J.................. 10 Clinton Ave., Newark, N. 10 J., Y. P. S. C. E ..... N. Y. Ave., Newark, N. J.................. 10 North, Newark, N. J., S. S. Class .... 45 N e w Brunswick, N. J., Students Theol. Sem... 29 62 N e w Brunswick, N. J., Society of Inquiry, The­ ological Seminary ... 22 Am., Newburgh, N. Y... 6 84 N e w Center, N. J., M. 25 Soc................ N e w Era, Mich....... 9 95 38 30 Newkirk, la ..... High Bridge, N. Y. City, Y. P. S. C. E ........ 8 1st Harlem, Coll., N. Y. City, Y. P.'S. C. E.... 1159 1st Harlem, Coll., N. Y. City, S. S............ 25 Knox Memorial, N. Y. City, S. S............ 50 Knox Memorial, N. Y.• City, a member ...... 35 Bethany Memorial, N. Y. City .............. 1 Bethany Memorial, N. Y. City, S. S. Mother’s Class .............. 15 4th German, N. Y. City, Y. P. S. C. E ......... 10 Ger. Evan., Houston St., N. Y. City .......... 30

Pultneyville, N. Y., L. M. Madison Ave., N., Y. City, 5 S.............. 26 20 Y. P. S. C. E ....... Queens, L. I., N. Y., S. Middle Coll., N. Y. City, 1475 S.................. S. S............... 20 Ramsay, la.......... 10 Middle Coll., N. Y. City, Randolph Center, Wis. .. 20 40 Catech. Classes ...... 5 Raritan, 111., S. S..... 9 34th St., N. Y. City... 15 Red Bank, N. J., M. M. Nlskayuna, N. Y ...... 23 Soc............... 2 North Holland, Mich... 17 70 Rensselaer, N. Y., Y. P. North Holland, Mich., 2 50 S. C. E ............ Catechumens ........ 10 Ridgewood, N. J., Y. P. North Holland, Mich., S. S . C. E ............ 2 6 80 27 S................... Ridgewood, N. J., Cru­ North Marbletown, N. Y. 6 40 saders ........... 15 North Sibley, la....... 10 Ridgewood, N. J., S.S— 10 1st Nyack, N. Y ...... 274 25 1st Rochester, N. Y., Y. Oakglen, 111., S. S. Class 12 75 . P. S. C. E ......... 3 75 Oakland, N. J.......... 70 2d Rochester, N. Y., L. Oradell, N. J........... 2151 15 M. S.............. Orangeburg, S. C ...... 50 Rocky Hill, N. J., Y. P. Am. Ch., Orange City, la. 14 S . C. E ............ 5 1st Orange City, la., Y. Rock Valley, la., S. S.. 14 80 P. S. C. E .......... 6 1st Schenectady, N.Y... 46 83 1st Orange City, la., Hei1st Schenectady, N. Y., denwereld Fund .... 84 18 S. S... '........... 20 Otley, la., Ladies’ Soc... 5 2d Schenectady, N. Y .. 7 62 Parkersburg, la....... 10 51 Bellevue, Schenectady, N. Park Ridge, N. J...... 5 Y., S. S............ 4 11 Passaic, N. J., 1st Hol­ Mt. Pleasant, Schenec­ land S. S........... 25 tady, S. S.......... 10 People’s Park, Paterson, Scotia, N. Y., Y. P. S. N. J............... 10 2 C. E .............. 2d Paterson, N. J., W. M. Shawangunk, N. Y., W. 10 S.................. M. S. ............. 5 6th Holland, Paterson, N. Hope, Sheboygan,Wis... 13 54 J............ •..... 10 Sheboygan Co., M. Fes­ Pella, la., Zendingsfest.. 25 42 tival ............. 17 60 1st Pella, la., Bible Class 12 0 Sheldon, la. ......... 4 67 1st Pella, la., S. S..... 25 Sioux Falls, S. D .... 6 25 2d Pella, la... ....... 6 81 Sioux Falls, S.D., S. S. 3 2d Pella, Iowa, Y. P. S. Sioux Falls, S. D., Buds C. E ............... 45 of Promise ........ 1 25 3d Pella, la........... 25 90 1st-Sioux Center, la., Y. 4th Pella, la.......... 10 M. C. A ........... 17 _ Talmage Memorial, Phil­ Spring Lake, Mich. ...... 9 25 adelphia, Pa., S. S.... 10 Spring Lake, Mich., Ca­ 4th Philadelphia, Pa... 5 techumens ........ 11 35 Trinity, Plainfield, N. J. 35 Stone Ridge, N. Y ..... 10 Trinity, Plainfield, N. J., Stone Ridge, N. Y., LaS. S.................. 34 83 0 montville ......... 4 81 Trinity, Plainfield, N. J., Stone Ridge, N. Y., M. Jr. C. E. S......... 14 L. B. H ........... 5 1st Platte, S. D ....... 4 South Branch, N. J... 6 50 2d Poughkeepsie, N. Y., Tappan, N. Y ........ 4 Y. P. S. C. E ....... 2 76 Tappan, N. Y., Y. P. S. Prattsville, N. Y ...... 4 41 C. E ..............


Vriesland, Mich.. Y. P. S. C. E ............. ' 5 Walkill, N. Y., Y. P. S. C. E ............... 2 50 Wellsburg, la......... ' 25 West Hoboken. N. J.. Y. P. S. C. E .......... 5 Hope, Westfield. N.D... 1250 Hope. West. N. D.. W. M. S............... 10 . West Leyden. N. Y.. Y. :i P. S. C. E ...... !... Westwood. N. J., S. S. ■ Pri. Class ........... » Whitehouse, N. J...... 7 Woodbourne, N. Y ..... 10 > Wynantskill, N. Y ..... 5 North Yakima, Wash. .. 2 Park Hill, Yonkers, N. Y., Y. P. S. C. E .... 10 1st Zeeland. Mich..... ,. 14 1st Zeeland, Mich., L. M. S....... 15 2d Zeeland. Mich...... 25 . Zendingsfest. Classes of Holland and Gr. River 11 W o m a n ’s Board ...... 3407 59 Albany, N. Y., Minis­ terial Assn........ 10 A. J. B., Chatham. N. Y. 5 Mrs. A. H. Baldwin... 5 Paul. Carl and Anna l Baldwin ........... Mrs. Hiram Berry ... 2 Mrs. Jane E. Blauvelt__ 40 Miss Carrie M. Campbell 5 Mrs. Mary E. Cole.... 2 Miss Mary E. Cole.... 20 Peter Cortelyou ...... 80 Hilbert De Kleine.... 25 Mrs. Jacob J. Demarest 5 Miss Nellie De Meester.. l C. J. Dodgshun....... 5 Rev. P. M. Doolittle... 10 Rev. Geo. S. Mott Doremus .............. io A friend ............ io A friend, So. Holland, 111. 12 A friend, Warwick, N. TT. 1 G. Grevel, Mount City, S. D ............... i E. Griffiths .......... 20 Mrs. Gen. F. T. Haig.... 24 38 C. H. Harris ........ 20 ■ Miss M. E. Hasbrouck__ 10 P. Heeres •........... 5.





.......... 50 mance Rev. and Mrs. Wm. Ban­ croft Hill ......... 50 Mr. andMrs. D. Hopper. 5 Miss Anna C. Hutchin­ son .............. 5 J. V. E............. 2 Chr. Jacobs and family.. 45 Jerardus Jansen ....... 6 Mrs. C. Kamerman... 4 Rev. Taber Knox .... 5 Mrs. Taber Knox .... 5 Rev. George Korteling... 5 ' Mr. T. G. B. Kouwenhoven................. 20 Rev. and Mrs. A. Kriekard ..... 2 A. L................. 10 Miss Margaret-H. Logan 2L. D. Mason. M. D ... 50 ■ Rev. A. De W. Mason__ 50 Rev. and Mrs. P. G. Meengs ........... 5 In Memoriam ....... , 40 In memory of Andrew Hegeman ........... 5 In memory of Rev. Geo. , E. Stone ............ 681 In memory of C. B. L... 50 James Graham Memorial Bed .T............ 35 R. V. D. Molen."...... 8 From a service at Mar­ 11 50 shall's ........... John C. Newland..... 10 D. Missink ......... 10 1 # Miss Grace Northrup ___ Miss Caroline Pierson .. 2John Remein ........ 5 Mrs. G.‘ W. Sanford.. 5 Mrs. F. .V. Sanford... 2 T. Schuuring, Portage, Mich.............. 3 29 Peter Semelink ...... 20 C. E. B. Smock....... 100 W. J. Steketee....... 1 Mrs. C. W. Stevens.... 1 Thank offering ..... 5 • J. M. Te Winkel.......... 5 The Misses Te Winkel__ 10 Mrs. S. Toussaint..... 5 Miss Mary C. Van Brunt 5 Florence Van Inwegen and Martha Case ... 4

Miss Lizzie Vander Lin­ den ............... 10 Miss Jennie VanderZyl.. 1 Alfred H. Vroom ..... 5 Christian Walvoord .. 5 Mrs. Weiss .......... 2 50 Mrs. Richard Wisner.. 5

Mrs. C. W. Wisner.... Rev. S. M.Woodbridge, D. D ............... Fred Yonker .........

3 50 10 $9546 95

RECEIPTS O N T H E FIELD. W. A. Buchanan, Esq............................... Miss MacKinnon ................................... D. M. Gray ............ ........................... Bible Lands Mission Aid Society....................... Mrs. Lindslay ......................................

Rupees. 154,,12,,5 74” 2”1 78”12”0 745”10”1 30” 0”0 1083” 4”7

The equivalent in U. S. gold of $354.08.

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T H E A R A B I A N MISSION __ Treasurer’s Annual Summary, M a y 3, 1905.

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T h e following list presents the n a m e s of Missionaries n o w connected with their various Missions, whether in the field or at h o m e expecting to return, with their addresses. Letter postage to all lands here named, five cents per half ounce; or fraction. Postage on printed matter, one cent for each tw o ounces, or fraction. ' ' . ■ A M O Y


O n l y address— A m o y , China. . went out. Mrs. J. V. N. T a l m a g e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1865 Mrs. H e l e n C. K i p ................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 8 6 1 Miss M a r y E. T a l m a g e . . . . . . . . .1 .................. 1874 1874 Miss Catherine M . T a l m a g e ..... . ............ . Rev. Philip W . Pitcher . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . :.... 1885 Mrs. A n ni e F. Pi tc her....... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1885 Rev. J o h n A. Otte, M . D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...... 1887 Mrs. Frances C. Otte, 475 E. Fulton St., G r a n d Rapids, Mich. 1887 Miss Nellie Z w e m e r , Holland, M i c h ................. 1891 Miss Elizabeth M . Capon, Holland, M i c h . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1891 Miss Margaret C. M o r r i s o n ........ 1892 Miss Lily N. D u r y e e .,....... .... !. . . . . . . . . . . ..... 1894 C. Otto Stumpf, M . D ........ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mrs. Eleanor S t u m p f . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1899 Rev! A. Livingston Warnshuis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . -...... 1900 1900 Mrs! A n n a D. W a r n s h u i s . . . . . . . . . Rev. H a r r y P. B o o t ................ 1903 Mrs. Nettie K. B o o t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I9°3 Rev. Frank' E c k e r s o n . . . . . . . . . . I9°3 Miss Alice D u r y e e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ■...... I9°3 A R C O T MISSION. •


General Address— M a d r a s Presidency, India. Rev. Jared W . Scudder, M . D.., D. D-,25 East 22nd St., N. Y.1855 Mrs. Julia C. Scudder, 25 East 22nd St., N. Y ........... 1855 Rev. Jacob Chamberlain, M . D., D. D.,C o o n o o r . . . . . . . . . 1859 Mrs. Charlotte B. Chamberlain, C o o n o o r . . . . . . . . . 1859 Mrs-. Sophia W . Scudder, Vellore. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1861 Rev. J. H . Wyckoff, D. D.. Vellore. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1874 M r s. Gertrude Chandler Wyckoff, Vellore............. 1892

Miss Julia. C. Scudder, 25 East 22nd St., N. Y . . . . . . . . . . . 1879 Rev. Ezekiel C. Scudder, T i n d i v a n a m . . . . . . . . . . . ..... 1882 Mrs. M a be l J. Scudder, T i n d i v a n a m .................. 1889 Miss M . K. Scudder, Madanapalle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1884 Rev. W . I. Chamberlain, Ph.D., Vellore. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1887 Mrs. M a r y E. Chamberlain, N e w Brunswick, N. J . ....... 1891 Rev. Lewis R. Scudder, M . D., Ranipettai... ........ . 1888 Mrs. Ethel T. Scudder, Ranipettai................. . 1888 Rev. Lewis B. Chamberlain, Chittoor. .. . .............. 1891 Mrs. Julia Anable Chamberlain, Chittoor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1897 Rev. J a m e s A. Beattie, 25 E. 22d St., N. Y .............. 1893 Mrs. Margaret Dali Beattie, 25 E. 22d St.,N. Y .......... 1893 Miss Louisa H . Hart, M . D., Vellore................. 1895 Rev. H e n r y J. Scudder, Ma da nap al le................. 1897 Mrs. Margaret B. Scudder, Ma da nap al le...... ....... 1897 William H. Farrar, A r n i . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1897 Mrs. Elizabeth W . Farrar, A r n i . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1897 Rev. Walter T. Scudder, Ranipettai.................. 1899 Mrs. Ellen B. Scudder, M . D., Ranipettai............. 1899 Miss Ida S. Scudder, M . D., Vellore. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1899 Miss A nnie E. Ha nc ock , Vellore. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1899 Miss Alice B. V a n Doren, Ranipettai................. T903 N O R T H J A P A N MISSION. General Addressâ&#x20AC;&#x201D; Japan. Rev. J a m e s H . Ballagh, 49 Bluff, Y o k o h a m a . . . . . . . . . . . . 1861 Mrs. Margaret K. Ballagh, 49 Bluff, Y o k o h a m a . . . . . . . . . . 1861 Rev. E. Rothesay Miller, 25 East 22d St., N. Y ......... 1875 Mrs. M a r y E. Miller, 25 East 22d St., N. Y ............ 1869 Rev. E u g e n e S. Booth, 178 Bluff, Y o k o h a m a . . . . . . . . . . . . 1879 Mrs. Emily S. Booth, 178 Bluff, Y o k o h a m a ............ 1879 Prof. Martin N. Wyckoff, D.^Sc., Meiji Gakuin, T o k y o . ... t88i Mrs. .Anna C. Wyckoff, Meiji Gakuin, T o k y o ........... 1881 Miss M . Lelia W i n n , M i s h i m a . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1882 Rev. Albert Oltmans, D. D., Meiji Gakuin, T o k y o . . . . . . . . 1886 Mrs. Aliqe V. Oltmans, Meiji Gakuin. T o k y o . . . . . . . . . . . 1886 Miss A n n a deF. T h o m p s o n , 178 Bluff, Y o k o h a m a ....... 1886 Miss M a r y Deyo, Morioka, Iwate K e n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1888 Miss Julia Moulton, 178 Bluff, Y o k o h a m a ............. .1889 Rev. F r an k S. Scudder. N a g a n o . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1897 Mrs. Florence-D. S. Scudder, N a g a n o ........ 1897 Rev. D. C. RuieJi. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1901 Mrs. Christine C. R u i g h .... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1904

General Addressâ&#x20AC;&#x201D; Japan. Rev. Albertus Pieters, N a g a s a k i . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1891 Mrs. E m m a T. Pieters, Nagasaki. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1891 Miss Sarah M . Couch, Nagasaki. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1892 Rev. H a r m a n V. S. Peeke, S a g a . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1893 Mrs. Vesta O. Peeke, S a g a . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1893 Miss Harriet M . Lansing, K a g o s h i m a . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1893 Rev. Garret Hondelink, K u m a m o t o . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1903 Mrs. Grace W . H o n d e l i n k . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Miss Grace T h o m a s m a , K a g o s h i m a . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1904 Miss Jennie A. Pieters, N a g a s a k i . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1904 A R A B I A N MISSION. General Addressâ&#x20AC;&#x201D; Via B o m b a y . Rev. J a m e s Cantine, Muscat, Arab ia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1889 Mrs. Elizabeth G. Cantine, Muscat, Arab ia............. 1902 Rev. Samu el M . Z w e m e r , D. D., F. R. G. S ............ 1890 Mrs. A m y W . Z w e m e r , Muscat: Arabia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1896 Rev. H . R. L. Worrall, M . D., Busrah, Persian Gulf...... 1901 Mrs. E m m a H . Worrall, M . D., Busrah, Persian Gulf..... 1901 Rev. Fred J. Barny, Busrah, Persian Gulf.;............ 1897 Mrs. Margaret R. Barny. Busrah, Persian Gulf. . . . . . . . . . . 1898 Sharon J. T h o m s , M . D., Bahrein, Persian Gulf......... 1898 Mrs. Mari on T h o m s . M . D., Bahrein, Persian Gulf...... 1898 Rev. J a m e s E. Mo er dyk , Bahrein, Persian Gulf......... 1900 Rev. John V a n Ess, Busrah. Persian Gulf........ ..... 1902 Miss Jennie A. Scardefield, Busrah, Persian Gulf........ 1903 Miss F a n n y Lutton, Busrah, Persian Gulf. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1904 Arthur K. Bennett, M . D., Bahrein. Persian Gulf...... . .1904 Mrs. Jessie N. Bennett. Bahrein, Persian Gulf. . . . . . . . . . . 1904

FORMS OF BEQUEST. F or t h e B oard. “I give unto the Board of Foreign Missions of the Re fo r m e d Chur ch in America, dollars, to be applied for the maintenance an d support of the Foreign Missions of said Church.” N . B. Care should be taken to insert the full corporate title, “T h e Board of Foreign Missions of the R e f o r m e d C h ur ch in A m e r ­ ica.”

F o r t h e A r a b ia n M ission. “I give and bequeath to the Arabian Mission, the s u m of dollars for its maintenance an d support.” N. B. Care should be taken to insert the full corporate title, “T h e Arabian Mission.”

Members whose Term expires June, 1906. A. P. V a n Gieson, D. D., Mr. J. J. Janeway, J. I. Vance, D. D., “ A. Z. V a n Houten, M . H. Hutton, D. D „ “ Eben E. Olcott, W m . Moerdyk, “ J. H. Fink, Rev. A. E. Kittredge, D. D. Members whose Term expires June, 1907. Rev. J. H . Whitehead, Mr. M . T. Bogert, . “ E. B. Coe, D. D., “ V. H. You n g m a n , “ E. P. Johnson, D. D., “ John Bingham, “ John G. Fagg, D. D., T. G. Huizinga, M . D., Rev. J. H. Oerter, D. D. Members whose Term expires June 1908. Rev. D. Sage Mackay, D. D., Mr. William L. Brower, “ Lewis Francis, D. D., “ W . H. V a n Steenbergh, “ J. P. Searle, D. D., “ P. N. Bouton, “ E. G. Read, D. D „ “ D. D. Chaplin, Rev. Matthew Kolyn. EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. Rev. M . H. Hutton, D. D., C h ’n, Mr. W . PI. V a n Steenbergh, “ Lewis Francis, D. D., “ J. H. Fink, “ D. Sage Mackay, D. D., “ V. H. You n g m a n , “ E. B. Coe, D. D., “ J. J. Janeway, “ J. H. Whitehead, “ A. Z. V a n Houten, Rev. John G. Fagg, D. D. A R A B I A N MISSION. Rev. M . H. Hutton, D.D., Pres., Rev. J. H. Whitehead, “ J. P. Searle, D. D., “ Lewis Francis, D. D., “ John G. Fagg, D. D „ Mr. E. E. Olcott, Mr. John Bingham. O F F I C E R S F O R 1905-1906. ; Rev. M . H. Hutton, D. D., President. “ J. P. Searle, D. D., Vice-President. “ J. H. Whitehead, Recording Secretary. “ John M . Ferris, D. D., Hon, Secretary^ “ H e n r y N. Cobb, D. D., Cor. Sec., 25 E. 22d St, N. Y. City. Mr. W . H. V a n Steenbergh, Treasurer, 25 E. 22d St., N. Y. City. Rev. J. L. A m e r m a n , D. D „ Assist. Treas., 25 E. 22d St., N. Y. City. “ J- W . Conklin, Field Sec., 25 E. 22d St, N. Y. City, M E D I C A L ADVISERS. E. G. Janeway, M . D., 36 W . 40th St., N e w York. T. G. Huizinga, M . D., Zeeland, Mich. H en ry G. Cooke, M . D., N e w Brunswick, N. J.

Rev. “ “ “

073 board of foreign missions rca 1905