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Instiufe of European Studies Aids US-Austrian Relations Offers Unique Experience in International Living and Study T o some five hundred American students who have spent a semester or two in Vienna during the past several years, the Institute of European Studies on Neuer M a r k t has become a home away f r o m home. For the past two years this has also been true in the summer when Hope students have centered their activities around the comfortable lounges of the Institute.


D I R E C T O R S CONFER Vienna Koutny,







D r . Paul G. Fried, Hope College D i r e c t o r , c o n f e r s with I n s t i t u t e ot


M r . Paul Studies,

F. and

D r . R i c h a r d S i c k i n g e r , A c a d e m i c D e a n of the I n s t i t u t e .

As Austrian institutions go, the Institute of European Studies is a mere youngster, having been established shortly after the Second World W a r . But since it is also a recognized branch of the University of Vienna, which was founded in 1365, the Institute of European Studies effectively combines the most important aspects of both the old cultural tradition of Austria and the youthful spirit of post — war Europe. Mr. Paul V. Koutny, the founder and director of the Institute, personifies this new European spirit. Mr. Koutny, who spent part of the Second World W a r in a Nazi prison after he was captured as a m e m b e r of the Austrian underground, came to the United Stales shortly after the w a r on a scholarship. He graduated from St. T h o m a s College in Minnesota. While in the United States he met so many students who expressed the desire to see Europe and to study there, that he decided to do something about it after he returned to Austria.



VIENNA, JULY 30, 1958

Hope Vienna Summer School Members Visif

In 1950 tlie first group of thirty American students arrived in Vienna to spend the year. As the prog r a m grew. University officials agreed to incorporate the Institute and to recognize it as the "Junior Year P r o g r a m " of the University. Young professors, who could lecture in English, were added to the staff and opportunity for first hand contact with many aspects of the old and new Europe added a new dimension to the academic p r o g r a m of the young Americans who came to Vienna. T h e IES curriculum is divided into two semesters that coincide with those of the University of Vienna. Students usually enroll for one academic year, but can enroll also for one semester only. Students arrive f r o m the United States early enough to take a three week tour of Western Europe under the supervision of t h i Institute. Instructors accompany them Irom the start and explain the customs, history, art, and political issues of the countries visited. T h e contact between the Institute of European Studies and the Hope College Vienna S u m m e r School dales back to the s u m m e r of 1956 when Dr. Fried was in Vienna with a small group of Hope students. A meeting with Mr. Koutny and Dr. Sickinger, the academic dean of the Institute, quickly revealed that the Institute had all the facilities Hope College would need to establish a European Summer School, and that moreover, these facilities were not utilized during the summer. T h e result has been a most satisfactory one for both institutions. T o cement f u r t h e r the relations between the Institute of European Studies and Hope College and to finalize plans for Hope's second summer session in Vienna., both Mr. Koutny and Professor Hugo Hantch, dean of the University of Vienna Faculty of Philosophy and head of the Institute, paid brief visits to Holland during the past winter. Both were delighted by the warm reception they received at Hope College. Mr. Koutny has two small sons and plans to send them to the United Stales for at least part of their education. "In this daily shrinking world our education must broaden", states Mr. Koutny. T h i s is best achieved, he feels, by giving young people the opportunity to meet people of different backgrounds and cultures in their own homes, by studying and living with them. T h e Institute of European Studies, and in the summer, the Hope College Vienna Summer School, are dedicated to exactly this objective. Sharon


Mariazell, Ride Cable Car in Austrian Alps Have you ever traveled up the side of a mountain in a cable car? T o most of us this was" a new and exciting experience when we visited the little town of Mariazell one Saturday not long ago. It was seven in the m o r n i n g and most of us were still half asleep when the familiar red and tan Mercedes bus pulled up in front of the Institute on Neuer M a r k t . But after some ten days in the city we were quite eager to spend a little time 4,on the r o a d " again, and we were looking forward to our first visit to the Austrian Alps.

CABLE CAR G O I N G U P — A cable car begins its trip to the mountaintop near Mariazell, Austria. In the background the t o w n of Mariazell and the Austrian Alps.

Even those who had protested that they would r a t h e r have spent the morning sleeping changed their minds as the bus gradually climbed over winding roads and through small villages to the top of the Semmering Pass, where we stopped for a second breakfast (for some it was the first). Soon we were on our way again, traveling over narrow mountain roads, past one of the hunting lodges of the late Emperor Francis Joseph and through littleused passes with inclines of fifteen to twenty per cent. Shortly before noon we reached o u r destination. T h e little town of Mariazell nestles in a rich green valley and is surrounded by m o u n t a i n s on all sides. Here is located one of the oldest and best k n o w n of the Catholic shrines in Austria. For over eight hundred years the faithful have made pilgrimages to this spot where the Virgin Mary is said to have appeared to a simple soldier who had lost his way as he returned from the Crusades. T h e church, recently renovated f o r its eight hundreth anniversary, attracts pilgrims f r o m all parts of the world. As different generations have added to the shrine, it has become a m o n u m e n t to the various architectural styles of past centuries. Romanesque, Gothic, and Baroque towers have been blended together h a r m o niously to m a k e this one of the most unusual churches in Austria. Although we did spend enough time in the church to witness several weddings and to hear the great Baroque o r g a n play appropriate music, most of us lost little time a f t e r lunch before taking the cable car up to the top of the "Burger Alpe", and climbing its observation tower. O u r efforts were rewarded by a breathtaking view of the Austrian Alps in the bright sunshine. Needless to say, most of us soon discovered the two mountaintop coffee houses, where we were presently enjoying o u r usual mid-afternoon pastry break. H o w ever, n o sooner had we settled down on the o u t d o o r terrace when a mountain t h u n d e r s t o r m forced pastry enthusiasts to r u n for cover. W h e n the rain stopped, it left tree tops sparkling with dew and the air pleasantly cool f o r the r e t u r n trip to Vienna. David Ousterling

Frau Schnee Feted On Birthday by Students Time:

Friday evening, July 25th.


Basement restaurant of Vienna's Rathaus o r T o w n Hall.


Surprise birthday party for Frau Schnee, W o m e n ' s Counselor for the Hope College Summ e r School in Vienna.

After many fast glances at her passport, when she wasn't looking, the date of Frau Schnee's birthday was confirmed while the g r o u p was still traveling to Vienna. A hasty conference was staged, and after some concentrated brainstorming, H e r r Doctor Fried remembered that Frau Schnee had broken her watch just before she left for the trip and that she wanted a new one. H e r r Doctor skillfully suggested to Frau Schnee t h a t Dave Kinkema, Hope College g r a d u a t e and m e m b e r of last year's tour now serving with the US A r m y in Germany, could purchase a watch for her at the PX. F r a u Schnee "fell" for the suggestion; then H e r r Doctor took Dave aside and told him to deliver the watch to the group, informing F r a u Schnee that the watch she wanted would be avaiable in three weeks. T h e three weeks were just the time f r o m the date of Dave's arrival in Vienna (with the watch) and F r a u Schnee's birthday. Sharon Crawford, T r u e Elizabeth McDonald, and H e r r Fried made the a r r a n g e m e n t s for a beautiful table at the R a t h a u s keller. A delicious meal and the presentation of the watch by Bill Brookstra on behalf of the group served as a m e m o r a b l e and delightful tribute to our " M o t h e r " and friend, F r a u Schnee. IPilford





T h e European edition of the Hope College A N C H O R is published by the students enrolled in the Hope College Vienna S u m m e r School study-tour p r o g r a m . T h e European edition of the A N C H O R is intended to provide information on the activities, impressions, and reactions of the study-tour g r o u p for parents, relatives, and friends. At the same time, the paper serves as a valuable souvenir for participants in the Vienna s u m m e r school p r o g r a m .

As Third Week of Vienna Program Concludes July () 11.30 A.M.

July 7 10.00 A.M.

.h'b 1 ft ].oo P. M. July (j 3.00 P. M. ().oo

P. M.

ISSUE NUMBER TWO July 10 11.00 A.M.

E D I T O R I A L S T A I T FOR T H I S ISSUE: hxccutivc Editor


Butler, Jr.

Managing Editor


Piercc, Jr.



. . . .






C. Bosch

Henry Typists






/ uly 11 1.15 P . M . 8.00 July 7.00

P. M. 12 A.M.

Barbara Klomparens Layout Art





Photographer Editorial Consultant . Advisor

Brookstra Gendler

Robert .


Mrs. Dr.



July 11.30 A.M.


W. Curtis Snow

12.30 A.M.




Protestant Service at the Vienna C o m m u nity Service Church, Rev. Alexander J. McKelway, Pastor. Tirst meeting ol History and G e r m a n Civilization classes at Lueger Plat/. 2, work on A N C H O R . Guided tour through the city with Dr. Sickinger.




T r i p to Roman ruins with Dr. Tassbinder. Guest lecture by Priilat Rudolph on the role of Catholic Church in the resistance to the N a / i Movement. Tield trip to the National Library's MusicManuscript Collection with Dr. Nemeth. Tield trip to the Kunsthistorische Museum (Museum of History of A n ) . Violin and Piano Concert in the Palais Schwarzenberg. Bus excursion through the Austrian Alps to Mariazell. Protestant Service, Rev. Althoff, guest minister. Luncheon guests: Mrs. Huizenga, Charles Lindahl and sister, David Kinkema, and others. Last p e r f o r m a n c e ol Volksoper: "Land of Smiles".

American Dessert Treat Baffles Viennese Cooks Frau Schnee Saves Day A request f r o m Dr. Sickinger has developed into a m a j o r activity in our s u m m e r school p r o g r a m . If all promises are kept, m o r e pies will be baked in the Institute kitchen in six weeks than an American housewife normally bakes in a year. Can you imagine life without apple pie? We should appreciate this famous American dessert, for we find that it is unknown in most European countries. And because Austrians have never heard of it, Dr. Sickinger requested last year that the cooks at the Institute be taught how to bake pie. He had learned to enjoy this dessert while he spent a year in America. Lacking adequate equipment such as pie tins, measuring cups, spoons, etc., we worked at this project only twice last s u m m e r . Baking pies in small frying pans was a trifle difficult and not too successful. T h e cooks were interested but needed constant supervision as every step in the process had to be carefully explained in G e r m a n . New words were learned on both sides, bur this lesson in G e r m a n and English did nothing to speed up the process of baking ten pies for forty to sixty hungry people. A f t e r returning to Michigan last fall. Professor Tried and Trau Schnee sent nine aluminum pie tins, the complete stock of two h a r d w a r e stores, to the Institute as a gift. Included were a measuring cup, measuring spoons, a pastry blender, and a recipe — in G e r m a n — for apple pie. However, the task must have seemed i n s u r m o u n t a b l e to the cooks, for they did not attempt it; instead, they awaited our return. 'The first week the utensils were dusted, a date was set, and everyone eagerly waited to help. Portions of two days were spent at this task because working in a small kitchen with five cooks who are preparing a full meal is a bit clumsy. So, on T h u r s d a y morning, "Teig",, as it is called in G e r m a n , was prepared. T h i s portion of the p r o g r a m went off smoothly and without much excitement. T r u e , each one had to taste the dough and pronounce it "sehr g u t " , but since great lumps of pie dough are not very thrilling, the w o r k was soon completed. T h e next morning, however, everyone was aflutter. Pans of apples, peeled and thinly sliced, were waiting when Frau Schnee arrived at nine o'clock. Every step in the process was closely watched. W h e n raisins were refused as a n addition to the apples, the refusal was accepted with the comment," "nicht Amerikanisch".

J U L Y 30, 1958

Varied Cultural Program Keeps Students Busy

ANCHOR GOES I N T E R N A T I O N A L T i m e , Life, and the New York Herald Tribune have long been publishing international editions. Now that Hope College Vienna Summer School is entering its second year, the European edition of the Hope College A N C H O R has become a m e m b e r of this group of transatlantic publications.



ST. S T E P H E N ' S the s e c o n d

still d o m i n a t e s

July i() 1.30 P . M . 8.30

P. M.

July 17 2.00 P. M. 6.00

P. M.

July 3.00

18 P. M.

July 20 8.30 A.M. 11.30 A.M. VIENNA'S



r e b u i l t a f t e r the w a r . O n c e m o r e ol



it s h i n e s out



in t h e


the V i e n n e s e n i g h t , b e a u t i f u l l y i l l u m i n a t e d .

'Two delivery men, one with fresh vegetables and one with milk, soon arrived and stood nearby, discussing the unusual addition to the menu. T h e p o r t e r Irom downstairs c a m e in with his huge police dog. T h e porter made a p p r o p r i a t e c o m m e n t s and even Rex walked over to a pie which was ready for the oven and sniffed. O n e could almost see the interrogation m a r k hanging in mid-air! Stoves without t h e r m o s t a t s present an unusual challenge to an American who is quite helpless • without these convenient gadgets. But the girls merely place their heads well into the oven, emerge, and hold hands and a r m s in the same place for a few m o m e n t s . T h a t this method is successful was proved by the perfect job they did at the baking process. When the first four pies came out of the oven, they were viewed lovingly by the entire g r o u p and p r o n o u n ced " w u n d e r s c h o n " . T h e mere suggestion of cheese with the pie sent Dr. Sickinger into a state of nausea, so it was decided to forego that delicacy, t h o u g h we still feel the addition would be an improvement. As the tea-carts were wheeled into the students' dining room, the r o a r of approval more than repaid us for the effort expended. B u t . . . now the request has been made for pie at least once a week! So, blueberry pie is scheduled and chocolate pie to follow that. Perhaps if they watch and help, the girls will be able to bake pies for the students in the fall. T h u s , a n o t h e r small contribution to a m o r e pleasant international relationship has been m a d e ! Frau Schnee


— Though

the t o w e r




this f a m o u s c a t h e d r a l

the s k y l i n e .


July ig 9.00 A.M.




12.30 A.M.

July 21 7.00 P. M.

July 22 1.30 P. M,

July 23 8.00 P. M. July 24 1.30 P . M . 6.00

P. M.

July 25 1.30 P . M .

July 26 9.00 A.M.

'Trip to St. Stephens and St. Charles Churches with Dr. Tassbinder. O u t d o o r p e r f o r m a n c e of D A P H N E in the g a r d e n s of the Belvedere Palace.

Visit to the Imperial Treasury to see the Hapsburg Crown Jewels. Guest lecture by Dozent Dr. Jedlichka on the military history of Central Europe since 1918.

Visit to the Music Instrument Collection in the Imperial Palace. Mr. Jeckel of the Hope College Chemistry Department and Mr. David Crighton of the Central College faculty arrive in Vienna for a ^ day visit.

All-day excursion to visit the Baroque Abbey at Melk on the Danube. R e t u r n f r o m Melk by Danube steamer.

Parade of choirs and costumes on Ringstrasse (International Choir Festival). Protestant Service at the Vienna C o m m u nity Service Church, Guest Minister: Rev. Alexander Seabrook. Luncheon guests: Mr. Eugene Jeckel and Mr. David Creighton, Dr. George Forell, Iowa State University.

Guest lecture by Dr. O t t o Moldon, prominent Austrian author, on the "Austrian Resistance M o v e m e n t " .

Visit to the Austrian M u s e u m of A r m y History (Model for the new U. S. A r m y Museum to be established in Washington D. C ) . T o u r and lecture by Dozent Doktor Jedlichka, c u r a t o r of the Museum.

Open air concert at the Rathaus. 0 Visit to the K a p u z i n e r G r u f t , burial place of H a p s b u r g E m p e r o r s . Guest lecture by Dr. Divok on Austrian economic reconstruction.

Visit to the Figaro House. M o z a r t ' s h o m e in Vienna.

Bus excursion to Carnuntum (Roman camp), Eisenstadt (Haydn Residence), Burg Forchtenstein ( f a m o u s fortress against the Turks), the H u n g a r i a n Border.




J U L Y 30, 1958

Vienna, Historic Meeting Place of East and West Reflects




suddenly that the last of the C a e s a r s has died almost in your lifetime. You will o f t e n hear his n a m e , o r r a t h e r the p o p u l a r " T h e old g e n t l e m a n " , f r o m friends you m a k e in Vienna. The tradition of the H a b s b u r g s , or r a t h e r thinking in s u p r a n a t i o n a l terms, is still very much alive here. I he n a m e s of the o v e r 100 palaces in the historical c e n t e r of Vienna, r e f e r r e d to as "die S t a d t " , the city, bear equal witness to the central position of \'ienna in E u r o p e : t h e r e is hardly a c o u n t r y which is not represented by the name.-, of a least a few old families. But the n a m e s in a telephone directory will show you the s a m e ; the Viennese, t h o u g h G e r m a n speaking, came f r o m all o v e r Europe U) this meeting place.


world, Schonbrunn.








patterned alter Versailles, w h e r e Metter-

nich p r e s i d e d o v e r the C o n g r e s s ol \ i e n n a .

History, Music, Art Immortalized in Vienna tty Dr. Richard


O n e of the most p o w e r f u l institutions of our age, tourism, shifting infinitely m o r e people out of their own c o u n t r i e s and all o v e r the world t h a n any of the h i t h e r t o k n o w n m i g r a t i o n s , has finally begun to reach Vienna. H o w e v e r , it is still little k n o w n . T h e r e are quite a few people w h o expect nothing m o r e than foreign intrigue, mainly carried on in the sewer system, or g o n d o l a s instead ol s t r e e t c a r s in Vienna. Even the advanced traveler i^ likely to instruct you to concentrate on the w i n e g a r d e n s on the hills, where, if you are lucky, you might even h e a r the " T h i r d Man T h e m e " . Vienna is now, in the eyes of m a n y , something way out in the East, a s o m e w h a t i n c o n g r u o u s a n n e x to the T y r o l , a place to be visited for a day o r two at the end of a skiing vacation. T h e r e is, as a m a t t e r of fact, some t r u t h in this impression. T h e peace treaties a f t e r W o r l d W a r 1 dissected the East of C e n t r a l E u r o p e into m a n y small states, whose newly won independence only helped to create a v a c u u m , very inviting to Russian imperialism. T h i s has deprived Vienna of its role as gateway between the Last and the West of Europe, an old crossroads which p r o m p t e d the R o m a n s to build a city, of which r e m a i n s are still to be lound. Someone w h o was in Vienna d u r i n g the lime of the H u n g a r i a n crisis, however, might tell you that he found Vienna, and the Viennese, still a w a r e of the r e s p o n siblities which are placed on t h e m by their tradition, and by no m e a n s looking only to the past. No o t h e r c o u n t r y has e x t e n d e d a similar a m o u n t of help to H u n garian refugees, and Vienna is increasingly a place where s c h o l a r s and m e n of the business world of the East and West can m e e t in a m o r e relaxed and h u m a n spirit than a n y w h e r e else. Y o u r first glimpse of St. Stephen's, l a n d m a r k of Vienna, considered by m a n y historians of art to be the finest and most balanced of all Gothic cathedrals, will give vou at once the feeling that you are in a t r u e capital, not just a big city. Equally so the splendor of the H o f b u r g , the Imperial Palace, located in the center of town — where the crown of the Holy R o m a n Empire, ancient and almost b a r b a r i a n in design, is displayed with o t h e r objects of rich historical beauty and w h e r e the choirboys have sung in the chapel for over 500 years. You might choose to go up to the second floor. T h e r e the i m m a c u l a t e l y dressed old butler, m a s t e r i n g f o u r or five l a n g u a g e s fluently, might m e n t i o n while showing you t h r o u g h the s p a r t a n l y simple r o o m s of E m p e r o r F r a n c i s J o s e p h that his m o n a r c h and T h e o dore Roosevelt were good friends. You will realize







J o s e p h 1 ol A u s t r i a . T h e H a b s b u r g t r a d i t i o n r e m a i n s a vital f o r c e in V i e n n a t o d a y .

Vienna found itself once before on the b o r d e r of the West. T w i c e , in 1529 and in 1683, T u r k i s h armies besieged the city, which lay as a last b u l w a r k between the T u r k s and W e s t e r n E u r o p e . You will still find n u m e r o u s old houses with T u r k i s h c a n n o n balls in their walls, ( j o out to the hills and you will see the small church in which J a n Sobieski, king of Poland, comm a n d e r of the E u r o p e a n forces sent to free the city in 1683, attended mass before the decisive battle. Every year Polish r e f u g e e s g a t h e r there to celebrate the anniversary ol" this event. Behind the m o n u m e n t to the Red A r m y , erected by the Russians, you will see the lovely g a r d e n s and the m a j e s t i c s u m m e r palace of Prince Eugene, final victor over the T u r k s and p a t r o n of the arts and sciences. His signature could serve as a symbol for the international spirit of V i e n n a : Eugenio von Savoi, Italian, G e r m a n and F r e n c h all in one n a m e . T h i s palace, as a m a t t e r of fact, saw the signing of the State T r e a t y , which not only gave full independence to A u s t r i a in 1955, but has been so far the only successful conclusion of a c o n f e r e n c e between East and West. T h e ever increasing n u m b e r of s t u d e n t s f r o m the N e a r East, the e x p a n d i n g p r o g r a m of cultural relations and technical assistance with T u r k e y and Arabia, will again serve as a proof that traditions a r e not dead in this city. Vienna has not resigned itself to being only a capital city of one of the s m a l l e r states of E u r o p e ; she continues as a c e n t e r of u n d e r s t a n d i n g . T h e a r c a d e s a r o u n d the c o u r t y a r d of the University main building are full of busts of scholars whose n a m e s are still alive in the d i f f e r e n t fields of learning. T h e University will soon celebrate the 600th a n n i v e r s a r y of its establishment. It is second in age, n o r t h of -the Alps, only to P r a g u e and C r a c o w .



Even the loss of many a f a m e d s c h o l a r due to the w a r and the Nazi occupation has not reduced the r e n o w n of this place of higher learning to m e r e tradition. T h e n u m b e r ol" Nobel Prize winners p e r capita is higher than a n y w h e r e else in the world, and 35% "f the students enrolled a r e foreigners. Then, there is, of course, m u s i c : not only the two o p e r a houses, the many concert halls, but also the n u m e r o u s places of c o m m e m o r a t i o n , w h e r e a m o r e intimate contact with the g r e a t can be made. T h e r e is the house w h e r e Beethoven lived, the church w h e r e Schubert played the o r g a n , the house where M o z a r t w r o t e the " M a g i c I'lute", to n a m e but a few. But Vienna is also the h o m e of a much y o u n g e r g e n e r a t i o n of composers, like Arnold Schonberg, who c o n t r i b u t e d much to the development ol m o d e r n music. You will find g e m s of historical a r c h i t e c t u r e , mainly ol the light a n d noble Au-.tnan Baroque, but also the first m o d e r n church of the world, or, out in the industrial districts, the city housing projects, which were r e v o l u t i o n a r y lor t o w n - p l a n n i n g when begun in the early twenties. You should not only visit the c h u r c h e s and palaces, but try to get in contact with the Viennese. Statistics will show you, that they must he pretty h a r d - w o r k i n g ; o t h e r w i s e they could not have a living s t a n d a r d and a rate ol increased e x p o r t s like the G e r m a n s . But, somehow, they have m a n a g e d to escape the speed of o u r age. ('lock.-, seem to go a bit slower in Austria. A f t e r a while, you will find yourself relaxed and less worried. In a cafe, even il" you o r d e r only a Kleiner S c h w a r zer, the waiter will bring you all the papers and m a g a zines you can possibly read. Every half h o u r a new silver tray with a glass of w a t e r will a p p e a r as you continue reading, writing letter.-., or meeting y o u r friends. Nobody will expect you to leave as soon as you finish y o u r coffee. If you m a n a g e to p e n e t r a t e t h r o u g h the layer of wine places for tourists, you will find yourself in the g a r d e n of the Iiolhc ol" :i wine g r o w i n g peasant on the hills in the west of tlw city. E v e r y o n e b r i n g s a sort of picnic lunch and u n p a c k s cold cuts, o r d e r s the excellent homeg r o w n wine, and relaxes a f t e r a day's w o r k . In the hills it is cool, even on a hot s u m m e r day. Cool and quiet engulf you as the lights of the city begin to twinkle m the d a r k n e s s below. But you can also find this Viennese spirit in a r e s t u i r a n t d o w n t o w n , or in the h o m e of a friend. E v e r y w h e r e t h e r e is this a t m o s p h e r e of a t t a c h i n g no m o r e importance to things than they deserve. T h e Viennese save their time and energy for such things as a house concert, a good chat with friends, or a stroll t h r o u g h the town. You will see for yourself as you go t h r o u g h Vienna, that it cannot cea.-.e to be the great capital in the heart ol Europe. You will find that t r e a s u r e s and traditions ol" the past are not dead weight, but only a richer challenge for the present and the f u t u r e .

CHARLES Baroque tine art.




— shows


magnilicent the


monument influence








J U L Y 30, 1958

"Funfzig, Sechzig, Siebzig"

person wishing to bid on t h a t article raises his h a n d . If his bid is unchallenged, he can take it for t h a t price. Otherwise, the auctioneer s t a r t s shrieking u p w a r d f r o m the opening bid, "Vierzig . . . Funfzig . . . " , until all but one party have lowered their hands. T h a t person receives the merchandise at the last price given by the auctioneer.

began to experience the firstsominoi^s feeling that something was w r o n g . " M a d a m , do you speak English?" he asked, and upon my assent, he queried, " W h a t did you b u y ? " I was about in tears. "I don't know 1 ", I said, "but il was something that d a n g l e d . " He looked, very annoyed and announced hehad nothing for eight shillings. Whereupon, he grabbed the m a n at the rostrum, stopped the auction again (to my complete horror), and asked him if he had a n y t h i n g for eight shillings. T h e m a n said no, and I was ready to slip out the side door, when suddenly he shrieked, "eighty shillings!" Oh yes, it was eighty shillings. T h e r e was n o t h i n g I could do. Apparently I had heard w r o n g ; with a note of finality, they announced tha,t I had to take the article anyway (I still had no idea what it was). T o complete the dilemma, they added an e x t r a sixteen shillings for the bidding license, gave me a white receipt for my money, and directed me to another desk to claim my r e w a r d . It would be impossible to describe my feelings at this time. I had m e n t a l images of hauling home 5,500 curtain rods. T h e auction came to a close, the people started to leave their seats, and I was still roaming around looking for the claim desk. I was under the impression^ I had really been taken. T h e men at the cash desk had already left and the 5,500 curtain rods were nowhere in sight. In a state of complete shock, I noticed a little man coming up on my left side. With a feeling of relief, I saw him take my white receipt, and return a few minutes later with a silver thing that dangled. (I was not in any state of mind to e x a m i n e it very closely at the time, but have later been informed it was a "steal", a sterling silver lovalier with a chipped diamond in it.) With mixed emotions about Viennese auctions, Mary and I went home and took aspirins.

The Vienna Auction Fun By Joan Hamlin

and Mary


T h e auction in Austria is like no other in the world. W e came across it o n e day quite by mistake, and t w o h o u r s later, we realized just how large a mistake it had been. F r o m the outside, the Dorotheum, or " h o m e of the a u c t i o n " in Vienna, has much the same appearance as any building, except that it covers almost a city block. O n e might easily pass it by if he did not notice the word " A u k t i o n " posted above the door. T h e fact is that M a r y and I did notice this sign, and soon we found ourselves inside amid a milling t h r o n g of people. Upstairs, we discovered r o o m s leading off in all directions, each room displaying only specific items such as silver, gold, jewelry, clothing, and furniture. W e

As can well be imagined, the bidding proceeded very rapidly, and became more and m o r e dramatic as the prices climbed higher. Poor Mary and I — we did so want to bid, but how could we, when we had n o idea what we were bidding for? Finally, we arrived at a decision — we would bid on any very cheap article, and so long as it didn't climb too high, we would be willing to take the consequences. T h e results were hilarious! A f t e r fifteen minutes of bidding, the m a n announced an article for five shillings. Up went Mary's hand. However, someone else decided to bid at the same time, and, as the bidding mounted higher, Mary slowly withdrew her hand. At this point, her face was beet-red. I had firmly established in my own mind that this was the end of our bidding. But "never-say-die!"' Two seconds later Mary heard a n o t h e r bid for ten shillings; up went her hand again. This time she was uncontested. Bidding me good-bye, she stalwardly trotted up to the front. Just as she approached the r o s t r u m , the auctioneer stopped the auction, glared at her, and directed a question in G e r m a n to her. With everyone looking at her, and with her limited knowledge of G e r m a n , Mary's only possible c o m m e n t was "Nein, nein". (We later found out the question pertained to whether or not we had purchased a bidding licence at the beginning of the auction.) At any rate, the auctioneer proceeded to wave Mary aside; and that was the last I saw of her for about fifteen minutes, since she was engulfed by the mob still circling the front. A short while later, she reappeared, sank down breathlessly into her seat, and confided in pathetic tones, " J o a n , I honest-to-gosh don't k n o w what I've got". She then pulled out an envelope and dumped into my lap what appeared to be twenty-four silver curtain rods.






s t a n d s in

f r o n t of a V i e n n e s e B o u t i q u e s h o p a f t e r t r i u m p h i n g o v e r t h e auction. From

t h e g l i n t in h e r e y e w e c a n ' t tell w h e t h e r o r

n o t she is g o i n g t o p a y t h e auction; a r e t u r n visit.

headed fo the jewelry room, and soon found that each article had a n u m b e r o n it a n d a price which we decided m u s t be the opening bid. We felt very intelligent, and soon became engrossed in our examination of the jewelry. A f t e r a while, we noticed that the r o o m was e m p t y i n g rapidly. W e followed the crowds out of the door and headed for a central r o o m which looked like a c o u r t r o o m . Everyone was pushing and shoving for seats, so M a r y and I decided to get into t h e spirit of things and push, too. W e found ourselves located in the back of the room (Austrians are very powerful). At this point we became aware of a mob of people standing up and milling a r o u n d the f r o n t . T h e sound of coins jingling was not h a r d to discern. D u e to our lack of knowledge of Austrian auctions, we experienced a m o m e n t of fear when we thought the auction was only conducted for t h a t little g r o u p up in f r o n t . W e were n o t to h e a r anything f r o m o u r seats in the back! As it turned out, this was not the case, but the little group of people up in front h a d a significance which we were to discover later. Soon, however, the m a n up in f r o n t banged a gavel, whereupon silence descended on the r o o m . He then uttered a little speech in G e r m a n . M a r y a n d I took this opportunity to glance a r o u n d the r o o m . T h e m a j o r ity of people did not appear particularly well-to-do. T h e r e w e r e many older ladies who clustered together and spoke back and forth in excited whispers. T h e r e were some old m e n w h o sat and did nothing. Some of them even yawned in their beards a couple times and then dropped off to sleep. T h e r e were some w h o could only be described as the "typical A m e r i c a n businessm a n " , better k n o w n in America as the " m a n in the gray flannel suit". Most of them carried briefcases and looked bored until the bidding started, w h e r e u p o n they instantly became alert. However, one thing we did notice very shortly was that they all carried lists of n u m b e r s . T h e s e n u m b e r s did n o t m a k e sense to us until the m a n in f r o n t opened the bidding. Only t h e n did we realize the significance of the numbers. Because it is impossible to see jewelry articles f r o m the back of the r o o m , each one h a s a n u m b e r . People a r e allowed to study t h e m ahead of time and t h e n write down the n u m b e r s of t h e articles for which they wish to bid. W h e n t h e n u m b e r is called f r o m the f r o n t , the opening bid is read. T h e

About that time, people turned around and stared at our peculiar purchase. T h e y began nudging their companions. Before long, we had a howling m a s s of people pointing at us and the curtain rods, or whatever the things were. I was ready to sink t h r o u g h the floor, and I am certain Mary would gladly have done the same. O n e helpful man across f r o m us pointed to his head as if to indicate the curtain rods should be used to adorn it. A n o t h e r lady pointed to her neck — a necklace perhaps. At this point, I didn't care if Mary slipped them t h r o u g h her ears or nose or hung them a r o u n d her neck. All I wanted her to 4 do was get them out of sight before anyone else noticed them, and this she did in a hurry. It was now my turn to bid, but due to the recent developments I found myself in a state of m o r t a l fear. However, upon hearing an opening bid of ten shillings and feeling M a r y ' s hand in my side, I threw up my hand. Fear descended upon me, as I saw other hands going up all a r o u n d me. If fact, my fright was so great that my a r m became paralyzed in the air. I sat there in petrified h o r r o r as the bidding rose higher. Suddenly there was silence. T h e bidding was finished on this particular article (I had no idea what it was;. You can imagine my consternation when M a r y announced I was the successful bidder. I couldn't have! I did not know w h a t the thing w a s ; nor had| I any idea where the bidding had stopped. Searching around the r o o m , I came upon a w o m a n just rising f r o m her seat, and in certain tones, I assured M a r y that she was the lady who had won the bid and was going up to claim her r e w a r d . M a r y looked dubious, but I had t h o r o u g h l y convinced myself this was true w h e n suddenly I noticed the room was again silent. T h e auctioneer was glaring a r o u n d the room with great disapproval. It appeared no one had come up to claim a certain article t h a t had been bid upon. With reddened face, I sank lower into my seat, and could only gasp with relief when the " t h i n g " was rebid and some delighted lady charged up to claim my poor misbid article. I had resolved I would not bid again, but as the auction drew near its close, I finally heard the m a n announce an article for eight shillings. Again I felt M a r y ' s h a n d in my ribs, and feeling as all m a r t y r s have felt prior to being beheaded, I once again t h r u s t m y h a n d into the air. T o my utter astonishment, I was not challenged. T h e auctioneer stared at me, announced " a c h t " shillings again, r a n g the gong, and the " t h i n g " was mine. I trotted to t h e front amid a blaze of glory\ I h a d bid, I h a d been successful, and for eight shillings, I too could take h o m e a souvenir. Arriving at the f r o n t , I laid down m y eight shillings on the counter. T h e m a n stared at m e blankly. "Eight shillings'", I said. H e peered at m e and m u t t e r e d a question in G e r m a n . I










H a r v e y G e n d l e r r e c a l l s t h e lovely, w i n d i n g s t r e e t s of m e d i e v a l Rothenburg.

P r i n t e d in A u s t r i a . Herausgeber, Verleger und fiir den Inhalt verantwortlich: Vienna



Neuer Markt





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1, W i e n I, A u s t r i a . D r u c k : P r o f i l d r u c k

College Studies, Jahoda

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