Page 1

Pleasant Ocean Crossing Provides an Exciting Prelude To European Adventure for Vienna-Bound Hope Students Tales ol the Arkadia Riders on the Deep

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By Dr. Morrette

V f 1/

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H.#v^ V C\

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1

r ) S A I L I N G , S A I L I N G — Mope C o l l e g e S u m m e r School in V i e n n a g r o u p a b o a r d t h e Q.S.S. A r k a d i a . P i c t u r e d (1. to r.) Last r o w : R o b e r t W u l f f , D a v i d D e R u i t e r , Paul Sikkema,

Barbara

Oustcrling, Robert

Klomparens, Van

Wart,

Van

Mary Wilford

W y k , and

Marcelon,

Larry Siedentop. T h i r d

David

Butler, Gloria

Bosch, G e r a l d

Tayior,

Harry

Row: Nancy

Draayer, Pierce,

Patricia

Susan

Demarest,

Janice Koeman,

Berlinghoff, Joan

Monte,

and

Julius

James

Hamlin,

Manrique.

David Second

R o w : D r . P a u l G. F r i e d , D i r e c t o r ol t h e P r o g r a m , S u z a n n e H u i z e n g a , D o n De J o n g h , M r s . W . C u r t i s S n o w , W o m e n ' s C o u n selor,

Richard

ford. Front

Brockmeier,

Mrs.

Morette

Rider,

Dr.

Morette

R i d e r of t h e H o p e C o l l e g e m u s i c d e p a r t m e n t , S h a r o n

R o w : Henry Steffens, Peter Huizenga, Harvey G e n d l e r ,

and

William

Brookstra.

Group

members

not

Craw-

pictured:

T r u e E l i z a b e t h M c D o n a l d , a n d Sara G o r d o n .

HOPE COLLEGE ANCHOR HOPE COLLEGE VIENNA SUMMER SCHOOL

EUROPEAN EDITION

VIENNA, JULY

1958

Trip to Zuider Zee Area Fascinates Tour Group While in the N e t h e r l a n d s , we w e r e t a k e n on

what

b e e a m e o n e of o u r m o s t exciting trips — an e x c u r s i o n to the Z u i d e r Z e e ! Accompanied

by

an

engineer

of

the

Zuider

Zee

works, we traveled a considerable distance from Ams t e r d a m via bus, d r i v i n g a l o n g the dikes t o the polder area. Once

there,

we

stopped

at

a

typical

pumping

station w h e r e we w e r e given a brief e x p l a n a t i o n conc e r n i n g the g r a d u a l p r o c e s s of land r e c l a m a t i o n . T h e D u t c h h a v e p r o g r e s s e d f r o m w i n d m i l l s to p u m p s which extract

more

than

130,000 g a l l o n s of

w a t e r p e r mi-

n u t e . W e saw n e w l y seeded l a n d which nine m o n t h s a g o w a s u n d e r w a t e r ; a d j o i n i n g it w a s a lake which will be land in nine m o n t h s . While

we

were

village,

a

sampled

s o m e of t h e

and

even

few

waiting

eel,

for our

courageous

boat

members

local pickled

finding them

quite

of

and

at

a

the

small group

smoked

fish

delicious. O n

the

b o a t we ate p r e p a r e d b o x l u n c h e s , viewed t h e building ' •

of m o r e dikes, and o b s e r v e d t h e d r e d g i n g of t h e lake. All of us h a d t o a d m i t t h a t this h a d

been o n e of

t h e m o s t e n j o y a b l e a n d e d u c a t i o n a l days of o u r trip. WINDMILLS

OF

HOLLAND

p i c t u r e s q u e w i n d m i l l s still

dot

-

Although

the D u t c h

many

of

these

countryside

much

of the p u m p i n g a n d g r i n d i n g w o r k t h a t m i l l s used t o d o h a s been t a k e n o v e r by m a c h i n e s .

T h o s e of

us

w h o a r e of

Dutch

ancestry

were

very

p r o u d t o a d m i t it. Janice

Koeman

Rider

O u r v o y a g e t o o k us on the m o s t n o r t h e r l y r o u t e : f o l l o w i n g the coast of L a b r a d o r , s i g h t i n g several ice b e r g s , a n d passing within 600 miles of G r e e n l a n d . F o o d w a s e x c e l l e n t a n d a b u n d a n t . In addition to the c u s t o m a r y t h r e e daily m e a l s , we m a d e good use of a f t e r n o o n tea a n d late e v e n i n g s n a c k s . Since this w a s the m a i d e n e a s t b o u n d v o y a g e of t h e A R K A D I A , it w a s to be e x p e c t e d t h a t a few a d j u s t m e n t s to v a r i o u s pieces of e q u i p m e n t m i g h t be n e e d e d a n d a few „ b u g s t t m i g h t need to be w o r k e d o u t . A f t e r all, on its first v o y a g e , the T I T A N I C s a n k and t h e F L A N D R E had to be towed the last several h u n d r e d miles into port w h e n h e r e n g i n e s stopped. T h e first vestige of i n c o m p l e t e n e s s a p p e a r e d in t h e c o m p l e t e lack of w a s t e p a p e r b a s k e t s . T h e y had not a r r i v e d in B r e m e r h a v e n w h e n the ship w a s due to d e p a r t , so she sailed w i t h o u t t h e m . O u r H o p e g r o u p , not w i s h i n g to c l u t t e r the deck o r N e p t u n e ' s deep, w a l k e d a r o u n d for days with p o c k e t s b u l g i n g with t a t t e r e d K l e e n e x , c r u m p l e d c a n d y w r a p p e r s , and ass o r t e d litter, until t h e s t e w a r d s a p p e a r e d with l a r g e c a r d b o a r d boxes to s e r v e as t r a s h r e c e p t a c l e s . At lifeboat drill, a n o t h e r m o r e p e r s o n a l p r o b l e m developed. T h e life j a c k e t issued me h a d a sizable rip in it a n d left a m a r k e d trail of f l u f f y k a p o k w h e r e v e r I t r a v e l e d . By t h e end of the drill, I looked like a b l u e serge suit a f t e r a date w i t h an a n g o r a s w e a t e r . F u r t h e r m o r e , m y j a c k e t w a s m i s s i n g some very n e c e s s a r y straps. W h e n t h e s t e w a r d w h o was i n s p e c t i n g us saw me, he h u r r i e d l y called a ship's officer. M u c h w a v i n g of a r m s , pointing at me, a n d rapid c o n v e r s a t i o n in G r e e k followed. F o r a while I t h o u g h t they m i g h t j u s t t h r o w m e o v e r b o a r d t o solve t h e w h o l e p r o b l e m , b u t later in t h e day I f o u n d a n e w life j a c k e t on my b u n k . N o w secure in the k n o w l e d g e of h a v i n g been tried and f o u n d w a n t e d , I r e l a x e d on my b u n k . A few min u t e s later, „ b l u p " , a large, wet d r o p of w a t e r l a n d e d only a few inches f r o m my nose. Being of c u r i o u s n a t u r e , I looked u p a n d t h e r e , p r e c a r i o u s l y s u s p e n d e d f r o m an o v e r h e a d h e a t i n g d u c t , w e r e several l a r g e d r o p s of w a t e r . I c a l m l y put on my r a i n c o a t and w e n t back to bed a f t e r c a l c u l a t i n g the n u m b e r of d r o p s needed to sink t h e ship. A few m o m e n t s later, the r a i n fall increased a n d a new area at the foot of t h e bed w a s n o w u n d e r a t t a c k . Not h a v i n g o v e r s h o e s with m e , I decided that it w a s time to call t h e s t e w a r d . H e looked at the leak with mild interest and t h e n , w i t h a t r u l y m a g n i f i c e n t s h r u g of the s h o u l d e r s , t u r n e d t o m e and said. „ W h e r e t h e r e ' s a b o a t , t h e r e ' s w a t e r — it will s t o p . " I felt m u c h b e t t e r . L a t e r it did stop. T h a t e v e n i n g I w a s d r a f t e d into a p a n e l of five col lege p r o f e s s o r s to meet an a l l - s t a r g r o u p of p a s s e n g e r s in an i n f o r m a t i o n p l e a s e " type of quiz s h o w which lasted f o r h o u r s (we won, of c o u r s e ) . All d u r i n g t h e quiz, the ship's public a d d r e s s s y s t e m c o n t i n u a l l y b l a r e d f o r t h with „ P r o f e s s o r Rider, e m e r gency, please r e p o r t to the P u r s e r ' s O f f i c e " . T h e s y s t e m w a s t u r n e d off in o u r panel salon a n d t h e m e m b e r s of o u r g r o u p w h o h e a r d it t h o u g h t I was b e i n g p a g e d for t h e panel s h o w . C o n s e q u e n t l y I k n e w n o t h i n g of all the activity in my behalf. A f t e r t h e s h o w I needed s o m e t h i n g f r o m m y cabin and s t a r t e d in that direction. In t h e c o m p a n i o n w a y , I m e t the Assistant P u r s e r . He said, „You a r e P r o f e s s o r Rid e r " . I a g r e e d with h i m and he c o n t i n u e d , „ W e h a v e been t r y i n g to r e a c h you all evening. Of c o u r s e , you k n o w w h a t h a s h a p p e n e d ? " A l w a y s one f o r s n a p p y r e p a r t e e on such occasions, I s n a p p e d b a c k , „No, w h a t ? " H e r e p l i e d , . „A w a t e r pipe h a s b u r s t in y o u r cabin a n d we have m o v e d you to U - 4 9 " . W i t h a G e r m a n c r e w and the r e f e r e n c e to U-49, ^ w a s Prc' p a r e d t o be t a k e n off by s u b m a r i n e at this point. H o w e v e r , I decided to have a look at my old c a b i n first. F o l l o w i n g t h e s t r e a m of w a t e r d o w n t h e c o r r i d o r , I f o u n d M 3 with several inches of w a t e r s l o s h i n g a r o u n d its f l o o r , a p l u m b e r busy t e a r i n g o u t t h e ceiling. All o u r l u g g a g e had b e e n r e m o v e d , b u t o u r suits, shirts, dresses, etc., w e r e still h a n g i n g in t h e w a r d r o b e , fairly d r y . I d r a p e d these o v e r m y a r m s a n d s h o u l d e r s , put M r s . R's h a t on m y h e a d and s t a r t e d off in s e a r c h of t h e U-49. I r o u n d e d a c o r n e r a n d p l o w e d i n t o an a r m f u l l of gold braid. T h e o f f i c e r l o o k e d a t m e , obviously p e r p l e x e d , and a s k e d , „ Y o u ' r e n o t g e t t i n g o f f , a r e y o u ? " Since w e w e r e 300 miles at sea, I ass u m e d t h a t t h e q u e s t i o n w a s a c a d e m i c , b u t p l a y i n g it safe, a n s w e r e d , „ N o , I'd like t o stay if it's all r i g h t " . H e s h o w e d s o m e t e e t h (a smile, I p r e s u m e ) a n d t r o t t e d off d o w n the h a l l . ( c o n t i n u e d on p a g e t h r e e )


t

PAGE T W O

HOPE COLLEGE ANCHOR — EUROPEAN EDITION

Cherbourg—Vienna, 19 Days Travel Crowded with Varied Activities

ANCHOR GOES INTERNATIONAL T i m e , Life, and the New Y o r k Herald T r i b u n e h a v e l o n g b e e n p u b l i s h e d in i n t e r n a t i o n a l editions. N o w that Hope College S u m m e r S c h o o l in V i e n n a is e n t e r i n g its s e c o n d y e a r , t h e E u r o p e a n e d i t i o n of t h e H o p e C o l l e g e A N C H O R h a s b e c o m e a m e m b e r of this g r o u p of t r a n s a t l a n t i c p u b l i c a t i o n s . T h e E u r o p e a n e d i t i o n of the H o p e C o l l e g e A N C H O R is p u b l i s h e d by t h e s t u d e n t s e n r o l l e d in t h e H o p e C o l l e g e S u m m e r S c h o o l in Vienna study-lour program. T h e European edition of t h e A N C H O R is i n t e n d e d to p r o v i d e i n f o r m a t i o n o n t h e activities, i m p r e s s i o n s , a n d r e a c t i o n s of t h e s t u d y - t o u r g r o u p f o r p a r e n t s , relatives, a n d friends. At the s a m e time, the p a p e r s e r v e s as a v a l u a b l e s o u v e n i r f o r p a r t i c i p a n t s in t h e V i e n n a s u m m e r s c h o o l p r o g r a m .

EDITORIAL Executive

S T A F F FOR

THIS

Editor

J U L Y 1958

June i.00

15 A.M.

3.00 2.00

A.M. P. M.

June 9.00 6.30

16 A.M. P. M.

Landed i n Cherbourg. Left C h e r b o u r g for Bayeux. T o u r to A r r o m a n c h e s M u s e u m — W o r l d W a r II, M i l i t a r y c e m e t e r y — N o r m a n d y b e a c h ( O m a h a ) , visited m e d i e v a l A b b e y Cressey.

Visited m u s e u m to see f a m o u s t a p e s t r i e s . A r r i v e d in P a r i s .

ISSUE:

June 8.00

26 A.M.

4.00

P. M.

5.00

P. M.

9.00

P. M.

June

27

9.45

A.M.

12.30 P. M . 8.00 P. M.

H a r r y Pierce, Jr.

1 ypists

T r u e Elizabeth McDonald

June 1.00

28 P. M.

June 9.00

2g A.M.

Barbara Klomparens Assisiani

Editorial Consultant . Layout Advisor

Director

Visited the B u n d e s t a g in s e s s i o n . Listened to d e b a t e o n m i l i t a r y a n d d e f e n s e a p p r o priations. Saw C h a n c e l l o r A d e n a u e r . Enjoyed a question and a n s w e r period cond u c t e d by P r i n c e v o n B i s m a r c k ( g r a n d s o n of t h e f a m o u s I r o n C h a n c e l l o r ) a n d B a r o n Gutenberg, CDU party. L u n c h at a n inn o n R h i n e r i v e r . D i s c u s s i o n with S D P p a r t y m e m b e r s .

Wilford Butler, Jr.

Managing Editor

Editorial

Left A m s t e r d a m for Bonn, G e r m a n y . Visited t h e B a y e r p l a n t at L e v e r k u s e n — c h e m i c a l s , dyes, m e d i c i n e s , p l a s t i c s , e t c . D i n n e r w i t h a n o f f i c i a l of B a y e r ( D o c t o r K o c h l e r ) in l a r g e d i n i n g r o o m at t h e plant. A r r i v e d at hotel in B o n n .

T r i p to C o l o g n e 11.00 P. M .

by

bus;^

return

at

Larry Siedentop .

.

Mrs. W. Curtis Snow

L e f t B o n n ; trip u p the R h i n e ; c l i m b e d to the Castle Stolzenfels, situated on a m o u n tain p e a k . 1 2.30 P. M . L u n c h at S t o l z e n f e l s . 1.30 P. M. C o n t i n u e d trip u p R h i n e . P a s s e d f a m o u s

William Brookstra D r . P a u l G. F r i e d

Lorelei and interest.

Vienna Summer School

6.00

P. M.

Spends Three Great Days

viewed

much

of

beauty

and

A r r i v e d at H e i d e l b e r g — H o p e r e u n i o n w i t h s e v e r a l f o r m e r s t u d e n t s w h o are serv i n g in t h e A r m e d F o r c e s in E u r o p e .

At Brussels World's Fair LUNCHEON

T h e t h r e e d a y s s p e n t at the W o r l d ' s F a i r in B r u s s e l s w e r e s o m e of t h e m o s t i m p r e s s i v e , e x c i t i n g , a n d i n f o r m a t i v e d a y s of t h e w h o l e t o u r . W h e n w e a r r i v e d at t h e f a i r g r o u n d s on t h e first d a y , n e a r l y e v e r y o n e w a s off t o t h e A m e r i c a n p a v i l i o n f o r h a m b u r g e r s , hot d o g s , and cold milk. A f t e r s a t i s f y i n g o u r h u n g e r f o r A m e r i c a n f o o d , we i n s p e c t e d the A m e r i c a n pavilion, w h i c h , m o s t p e o p l e a g r e e d , did a v e r y g o o d job of p o r t r a y i n g t h e A m e r i can w a y of life.

Receptions: Austrian, Dutch Pavilions T h e second day, having satisfied ourselves thai A m e r i c a w a s s t i l l in e x i s t e n c e , we t u r n e d o u r a t t e n tion t o o t h e r c o u n t r i e s . T h e H o p e g r o u p w a s r e c e i v e d at t h e N e t h e r l a n d s p a v i l i o n , w h i c h s t r e s s e d H o l l a n d ' s i m p o r t a n c e in t h e field of t r a n s p o r t a t i o n . T h e g r o u p was a l s o r e c e i v e d at the A u s t r i a n p a v i l i o n , w h i c h included soundproofed practice r o o m s with glass walls. H e r e selected A u s t r i a n m u s i c s t u d e n t s d e m o n s t r a t e d A u s t r i a ' s i m p o r t a n c e in t h e field of m u s i c . W e w e r e also r e c e i v e d a t t h e p a v i l i o n of the C o u n c i l of E u r o p e and t h e Coal a n d Steel C o m m u n i t y . T h e l a t t e r i n c l u d e d a t o u r of a life-sized m o d e l c o a l m i n e .

Well Planned Pavilions, Exhibits Visited by Summer Tour Group T h e r e s t of o u r t i m e w a s s p e n t t o u r i n g t h e t r e m e n d o u s v a r i e t y of o t h e r p a v i l i o n s . A l m o s t e v e r y c o u n t r v was represented, including M o n a c o and San Marino. T h e r e w e r e a l s o e x h i b i t s of v a r i o u s i n d u s t r i e s , i n c l u d ing electricity a n d m i n i n g . E s p e c i a l l y i m p r e s s i v e w e r e the art and science exhibitions. Many students w e r e i m p r e s s e d by t h e A t o m i u m , t h e w e l l p l a n n e d British e x h i b i t , the a r c h i t e c t u r e of t h e b u i l d i n g s , and t h e b e a u t y of t h e g r o u n d s . L u n c h a t t h e V a t i c a n , s t e a k d i n n e r in t h e A r g e n t i n e , t h e l i g h t e d f o u n t a i n s , a n d the c a r n i v a l s e c t i o n of t h e F a i r a t n i g h t , w e r e all e x p e r i e n c e s w h i c h w i l l n o t be s o o n f o r g o t t e n . I n s h o r t , t h e W o r l d ' s F a i r d e m o n s t r a t e d t h a t the U. S. is j u s t o n e of m a n y n a t i o n s w h i c h a r e living t o g e t h e r in a v e r y s m a l l w o r l d . Paul

Van

Wyk

MONTMARTRE

Frau

Snow

and

Mrs.

Rider shop for postcards and Parisian artprints after luncheon at a s i d e w a l k c a f e at M o n t m a r t r e . M o n t m a r t r e is t h e a r t i s t ' s p a r a d i s e . F r o m t h e hill a b e a u t i f u l p a n o r a m a of P a r i s u n f o l d s m a k i n g ideal c o n d i t i o n s f o r p a i n t i n g s c e n e s of the city.

June ly 9.00 A . M . 2.15 P . M . 4.00 P. M. June

iS

9.00

A.M.

2.00 3.15 8.30

P. M . P.M. P. M .

U. S. S. R. Pavilion—Cold, Impressive Then we w e r e off t o the R u s s i a n p a v i l i o n f o r c o m p a r i s o n . It w a s very i m p r e s s i v e w i t h its d i s p l a y of t e c h n i c a l and i n d u s t r i a l m i g h t , but s e e m e d r a t h e r b l e a k in c o m p a r i s o n w i t h t h e liveliness of t h e A m e r i c a n e x hibit. 1 hese t w o e x h i b i t s filled the f i r s t d a y f o r m o s t of us, a n d we r e l u m e d lo t h e h o t e l to c o m p a r e e x periences.

AT

June

V

T o u r of P a r i s . L u n c h at M o n t m a r t r e . Shopping.

Visit to S H A P E . B r i e f i n g by t w o h i g h r a n k i n g o f f i c e r s . L u n c h in t h e o f f i c e r s ' club. Brief visit at V e r s a i l l e s . Briefing at O E E C . P e r f o r m a n c e at P a r i s O p e r a H o u s e — „La Traviata44.

ig

9.00 . A . M . 12.30 P . M . 6.00 P. M.

Left Paris for Bruges. T o u r of A m i e n s c a t h e d r a l ; l u n c h . A r r i v e d at h o t e l in B r u g e s f o r d i n n e r . 4

June

F a i r at B r u s s e l s ; 6.00 P . M .

HOPE S T U D E N T S PAST AND P R E S E N T -

June

20

21

10.00 P . M . June

P. M .

June 1.00 7.00

2j P.M. P. M .

June

24

9.00

A.M.

8.00

returned

to

Bruges

at

At Fair: N e t h e r l a n d s Pavilion; special s h o w i n g of film by Phillips C o m p a n y . A f t e r n o o n : C o u n c i l of E u r o p e and C o a l a n d Steel C o m m u n i t y . R e t u r n e d to B r u g e s .

22

10.30 A . M . 5.30

I

P. M .

June

25

9.00

A.M.

A t F a i r : r e c e i v e d at A u s t r i a n P a v i l i o n , ending with a reception. Returned to Bruges.

Left Bruges for Amsterdam. A r r i v e d in A m s t e r d a m .

L e f t A m s t e r d a m f o r T h e H a g u e ; visited t h e D u t c h P a r l i a m e n t ; b r i e f e d by chief c l e r k of p a r l i a m e n t ; r e c e i v e d by D r . L a n d h e r , l i b r a r i a n of t h e P e a c e P a l a c e . A t t e n d e d a c o n c e r t by a c h a m b e r m u s i c o r c h e s t r a a t t h e C o n c e r t g e b o u w in A m s t e r d a m . Elizabeth Schwarzkopf soloist.

T r i p to Zuider Zee reclamation project; visited h u g e p u m p i n g s t a t i o n , a m u s e u m , enjoyed a boat trip. O n e the r e t u r n trip, t h e b u s s t o p p e d f o r a s h o r t t i m e at t h e m e d i e v a l city of K a m p e n , a n i m p o r t a n t H a n s e a t i c city in t h e 13th c e n t u r y .

a n d D a v i d O u s t e r l i n g , t w o m e m b e r s of

Peter Huizenga

the Vienna S u m m e r

School s t u d y t o u r g o u p , t a l k with L a r r y D e W i t t a g r a d u a t e in E u r o p e .

June

30

1.00 6.00

P.M. P. M .

8.00

P. M .

July 1 8.30 P. M . July 2 7.00 A . M . 11.25 A . M .

3.00

P. M .

10.30 P. M .

Left Heidelberg for Rothenburg. Reception by director of Rothenburg Evening College. Dinner. Free day. Marionette

show.

Left Rothenburg for Passau. A r r i v e d E r d i n g A i r S t a t i o n ; b r i e f i n g by M a j o r Robb and lunch at the Officers' Club — a r r a n g e m e n t s m a d e by Captain Groome, R e f o r m e d Church chaplain. A r r i v e d in M u n i c h a n d visited R a d i o F r e e Europe. A r r i v e d in P a s s a u ; d i n n e r .

My 3 10.00 A . M . 1.00 P. M . 5.00 6.30

P. M . P. M .

July 4 1.30 P . M . 8.00

P. M .

Left Passau for Vienna. L u n c h at Linz. A r r i v a l in V i e n n a . D i n n e r at t h e I n s t i t u t e ; r o o m a s s i g n m e n t s ; d e p a r t u r e f o r v a r i o u s p a r t s of V i e n n a .

Sightseeing Coke stop.

tour

Independence Day College group.

of

Vienna; celebration

Kahlenberg for

Hope

• '


J U L Y 1958

HOPE COLLEGE ANCHOR — EUROPEAN EDITION

Aida • Versus - Talenf? Opera Lovers AHend Performance in Bonn By Don

De Jongh,

Harvey

Gendler,

and Robert

Wuljf

O n t h e t w e n t y - e i g h t h of J u n e , a g r o u p of s t u d e n t s a c c o m p a n i e d by M r s . Snow a n d D r . R i d e r a t t e n d e d a n e v e n i n g p e r f o r m a n c e of V e r d i ' s o p e r a , 4 t A i d a " T h e m u c h a n t i c i p a t e d sellout w a s held in t h e n e w l y m o d e r n i z e d T h e a t e r d e r S t a d t Bonn. T h e p r o m i n e n t t h e a t e r building, w h i c h is situated o n a l a r g e , shady b o u l e v a r d , c a m e c o m p l e t e with absolutely n o a d v e r t i s e m e n t of its f u n c t i o n . A f t e r f o r t y - f i v e m i n u t e s of c o n f u s e d s e a r c h i n g a n d f o u r o r five f u t i l e a t t e m p t s lo b r e a k t h e l a n g u a g e - b a r r i e r , half the g r o u p f o u n d its way lo the c o r r e c t e n t r a n c e , the o t h e r half h a v i n g previously studied a copy of R a n d M c N a l l y ' s W o r l d Atlas. Five m i n u t e s b e f o r e the c u r t a i n rose, t h e g r o u p finally e n t e r e d the t h e a t e r , b e l t e r called a l a b y r i n t h .

"Critics" Have Front Row Seats Some of us w e r e f o r t u n a t e e n o u g h to p r o c u r e a seat just in f r o n t of the c y m b a l player. A f t e r a s h o r t t r e k up t h r e e flights of stairs and t h r o u g h t w o a n d a half d a r k c o r r i d o r s , o n l y n a v i g a b l e with aid of t h e c o m pass a n d s e x t e n t given with e v e r y p r o g r a m , t h e s t u d e n t s w e r e r e a d y to r e l a x for a n evening's e n t e r t a i n m e n t . O u r o t h e r half, the f o r t u n a t e few, e n j o y e d a half h o u r climb t o their seats in the b a l c o n y .

Radames, Plot Thicken Together T h e o p e r a b e g a n with R a d a m e s l a n d i n g on s t a g e with all the g r a c e a n d agility of his 250—300 p o u n d s (158,900—181,600 g r a m s , l o r the E u r o p e a n m i n d e d ) . T h e total e f f e c t of this d r a m a t i c e n t r a n c e w a s m a r r e d s o m e w h a t by the f a c t t h a t his E g y p t i a n w a s h - a n d - w e a r s h o r t s h o r t s r e v e a l e d t w o p e r f e c t l y f o r m e d d i m p l e s at his knees, easily visible f r o m the b a l c o n y . T h e n the P h a r o h ' s b u x o m d a u g h t e r ( 4 0 — 2 6 — 2 8 i n c h e s o r 88— 27.2—61—6 c e n t i m e t e r s , f o r t h e E u r o p e a n m i n d ) h a m m e d h e r w a y o n t o the s t a g e to d e c l a r e h e r love f o r o u r c h u b b y h e r o . A t this d r a m a t i c point, Aida app e a r e d with e y e - s e a r i n g f l a s h of a n o r a n g e D i o r chemise. R a d a m e s s t a l k e d t o h e r side a n d , c l u t c h i n g h e r at a r m ' s l e n g t h , b e g a n to o u t - s h o u t h e r in a lovers', duet. T h i s t o u c h i n g scene i n t r o d u c e d t h e r i v a l r y between t h e Princess a n d Aida, which c u l m i n a t e d in t h e t r a g i c death of t h e lovebirds. T h i s sacrifice s e e m e d needless to t h e s t u d e n t s , a s t h e r e w a s obviously e n o u g h of R a d a m e s f o r t h r e e o r f o u r greedy w o m e n . But we digress.

Meanwhile . . . Back at The Pyramids M e a n w h i l e , back at the p y r a m i d s , we discovered t h a t t h e E g y p t i a n d i p l o m a t had messed t h i n g s u p again, a n d E g y p t h a d to go to w a r with Ethiopia. R a d a m e s , b r a v e a n d c o u r a g e o u s l e a d e r of the E g y p t i a n h o a r d s , pledged victory to his k i n g and left s w i f t l y in J a c k i e G l e a s o n style. Aida, b r o k e n - h e a r t e d , s a n k to the f l o o r a n d h a d only e n o u g h s t a m i n a to s i n g . a ten m i n u t e a r i a of r e m o r s e . W i t h Act I I t h e play c o n t i n u e d a n d c o n t i n u e d and c o n t i n u e d . R a d a m e s r e t u r n e d victorious a f t e r a six m o n t h s c a m p a i g n in the s a m e old s h o r t s h o r t s . T h i s w a s t h e cause of a g r e a t c e l e b r a t i o n . A t this point, the legions of the P h a r o h , eight m e n , p u t on a p a r a d e with all t h e precision of a C u b Scout t a l e n t rev i ew. An e q u a l l y fine ballet followed. T o c l i m a x this c o n g l o m e r a t i o n of t a l e n t w o r t h y of Cecil B. D e Mille, Aida w a s r e u n i t e d with h e r f a t h e r .

Intermission, Confusion, Conclusion A f t e r$ a s h o r t i n t e r m i s s i o n 1, the s t u d e n t s h u r l e d t h e m selves back into t h e f r a y . O n stage the p l o t had t h i c k e n e d (or sickened). A f t e r b o u n c i n g b a c k a n d f o r t h b e t w e e n his love f o r A i d a a n d his love f o r E g y p t (i.e., his p a y c h e c k ) like a fleshy medicine ball, R a d a m e s decided to fold his tent a n d silently roll a w a y . But like a medicine ball, he d i d n ' t r o l l f a r . H a v i n g been c a p t u r e d a n d salted a w a y , R a d a m e s w a s visited by t h e P h a r o h ' s d a u g h t e r w h o tried t o c o n v i n c e him t o r e p e n t . I n this t e n s e situation, e a c h tried t o o u t - s h o u t t h e o t h e r ; h o w e v e r , the c o n d u c t o r , w h o w a s apparently suffering from delusions of Wagner, d r o w n e d o u t b o t h t h e m , a n d the a u d i e n c e blissfully w a t c h e d the g r e a t e s t p a n t o m i m e Verdi e v e r c o m p o s e d . As the o p e r a e n d e d w i t h a t e a r f u l a n d o v e r a c t e d s e p u l c h r e scene, t h e a u d i e n c e leapt t o its feet t o s t o m p a n d a p p l a u d its a c c l a i m . Both f a c t i o n s of o u r g r o u p quietly left a f t e r t h e t e n t h c u r t a i n call as o u r c h u b b y h e r o ' s f r i e n d s a n d f r a t e r n i t y buddies b o i s t e r o u s l y s t a g e d another ten encores.

PAGE T H R E E

Two Group Members Talk With USSR Scientist At Brussels World's Fair A n o p p o r t u n i t y to discuss A m e r i c a n a n d R u s s i a n politics with a C o m m u n i s t w a s a n e x p e r i e n c e which P a u l V a n W y k a n d I h a d while at t h e W o r l d ' s F a i r in Brussels. A l e r t t o c u r r e n t w o r l d e v e n t s , his k n o w l e d g e of p r e s e n t c o n d i t i o n s within t h e U. S. w e r e in e r r o r . H e believed t h a t c o n d i t i o n s in t h e U. S. w e r e r o u g h l y the s a m e as in t h e 1930s, t h e d e p r e s s i o n years. H e believed t h a t g a n g s t e r s w e r e quite c o m m o n in ^America a n d w e r e o r g a n i z e d in s t r o n g g r o u p s . H e also w o n d e r e d a b o u t k i d n a p p i n g in t h e U. S. and w h e t h e r it w a s c o m m o n . W h e n he w a s in the U. S., he a n d a f r i e n d w e r e picked u p by police because t h e i r a p p e a r a n c e closely fit a false description of the n o t o r i o u s L i n d b e r g h k i d n a p p e r s . H e believed that c o m p e t i t i o n w a s bad b e c a u s e it m a k e s people selfish a n d u r g e s t h e m to b e c o m e b e t t e r t h a n t h e i r n e i g h b o r s . H e said c o m m u n i s m e n d s this s t r u g g l e a m o n g people as they a t t e m p t to a d v a n c e their o w n i n t e r e s t s a n d gain e c o n o m i c a l l y at t h e e x p e n s e of o t h e r s . H e justified the R u s s i a n single p a r t y system by s t a t i n g t h a t this e l i m i n a t e s p a r t i e s with d i v e r g e n t a n d c o n f l i c t i n g policies and r e s u l t s in a h a r m o n i o u s a n d unified p r o g r a m f o r t h e benefit of all. T h e p r i m a r y goal is to i n c r e a s e p r o d u c t i o n of the USSR. H e also realized t h a t outside w o r l d n e w s a n d c o n d i t i o n s w e r e not b e i n g given t o t h e R u s s i a n s , but he believed this w a s g o o d — „ J u s t as a d o c t o r does not a l w a y tell a p a t i e n t t h e e n t i r e diagnosis of his h e a l t h w h e n it m i g h t be d e t r i m e n t a l , so t h e R u s s i a n g o v e r n m e n t does not tell the people t h i n g s it believes d e t r i m e n t a l to t h e adv a n c e m e n t of the USSR 44 , w a s his justification of this policy. H e didn't see any r e a s o n w h y t h e U. S. a n d the USSR could not live p e a c e f u l l y t o g e t h e r in t h e s a m e w o r l d in the f u t u r e , but he felt t h a t the U. S. w a s c o n c e n t r a t i n g m o r e on w a r p r e p a r a t i o n t h a n Russia. H e felt t h a t Stalin h a d b e c o m e a d i c t a t o r but believed t h a t Stalin h a d been able t o do this by t a k i n g a d v a n t a g e of t h e situation d u r i n g W o r l d W a r I I w h e n R u s s i a w a s in all-out w a r w i t h t h e Allies. H o w e v e r , he felt t h a t if t h e r e h a d n e v e r b e e n a W o r l d W a r II, Stalin w o u l d n o t h a v e g a i n e d such p o w e r a n d n o o n e will e v e r get p o w e r to b e c o m e s u c h a d i c t a t o r in R u s s i a in t h e f u t u r e . H e believed t h a t t h e r e a r e s o m e laws in R u s s i a which a r e n o t g o o d o r the best possible, b u t t h a t this is c h a racteristic of all g o v e r n m e n t s a n d t h a t t h e y a r e b e i n g c o r r e c t e d all the time. H e w a s convinced the p e o p l e h a v e an a d e q u a t e voice in c h a n g i n g these p o o r rules. O n e such r u l e is its i m m o b i l i t y of w o r k e r s . H e stated t h a t R u s s i a n s m a y n o w c h a n g e t h e i r j o b s a f t e r giving a t w o - w e e k ' s notice t o t h e i r e m p l o y e r . H e said t h a t in m a n y jobs, they n o w w o r k 36 h o u r s a w e e k . H e believed that t h e i r e c o n o m i c s t r u c t u r e is vastly s u p e r i o r t o o u r s a n d t h a t e v e n t u a l l y they will have a h i g h e r s t a n d a r d of living. But a l t h o u g h he s e e m e d sincere in his convictions, we felt t h a t if he k n e w the t r u e c o n d i t i o n s a n d a c t u a l s t a n d a r d s of living in t h e U. S. t o d a y , instead of believing t h a t t h e free e n t e r p r i s e e c o n o m y gives a s t a n d a r d of living such as existed at the b o t t o m of the depression, his logic w o u l d give him d i f f e r e n t conclusions. Richard Brockmeier

Riders on the Deep ( c o n t i n u e d f r o m p a g e one)

I f o u n d U-49. w a y of a p o l o g y , w e h a d been m o v e d t o first class, and w h a t a cabin we h a d ! C o m p l e t e l y new, never before occupied, we had comfort supreme. T h r e e closets, sofa, o v e r s t u f f e d chairs, d e s k , d r e s s i n g t a b l e w i t h l a r g e p l a t e g l a s s m i r r o r , seven d i f f e r e n t lamps, p i c t u r e s on t h e w a l l , a n d a p r i v a t e b a t h with tiled s h o w e r . T h e r e w e r e still a few d i f f i c u l t i e s ; o n c e all o u r p l u m b i n g f i x t u r e s d i s a p p e a r e d , b u t t h e y c a m e b a c k in a few hours with new washers; another time the water w a s t u r n e d off ( n e v e r did f i n d o u t w h y ) ; b u t t h e n e w found luxury was m o s t ' c o m p l e t e . T h e A R K A D I A p r o v e d t o be a w a r m ship in the d a y s t h a t f o l l o w e d . She w a s c o m f o r t a b l e , spacious, fast, a n d s a f e . She is a n e x c e l l e n t addition t o t h e fleet of l a r g e first class liners n o w o n t h e A t l a n t i c a n d a f i t t i n g s t a r t t o a m e m o r a b l e e x p e r i e n c e f o r t h e H o p e College S u m m e r School in V i e n n a .

PARIS ALONG T H E across

the

Seine

SEINE -

showing

a few

O n e of t h e b e a u t i f u l vistas of

the

many

bridges

that

c r o s s t h e r i v e r . N o t r e D a m e C a t h e d r a l l o o m s in the d i s t a n c e .

Perfume and Politics Intrigue Students During Stay in Paris T h e H o p e College S u m m e r School in V i e n n a a r r i v e d in P a r i s o n M o n d a y , J u n e 16 at 6.00 P . M . O n c e settled at t h e Victoria Palace H o t e l , the g r o u p was served a m a r v e l o u s F r e n c h d i n n e r . T h e e v e n i n g w a s spent e x p l o r i n g the city, t a s t i n g F r e n c h p a s t r y , and a good n i g h t ' s rest w a s e n j o y e d by all.

Tour of Paris is Exciting T u e s d a y w a s the day f o r t o u r i n g . T h e g r o u p s t a r t e d with a b r i e f i n g by D r . F i n k o n the l a y o u t of P a r i s . F r o m t h e hotel w e p r o c e d e d t h r o u g h the Latin q u a r t e r , past t h e S o r b o n n e t o N o t r e D a m e C a t h e d r a l . D r . Fink l e c t u r e d o n G o t h i c a r c h i t e c t u r e b e f o r e w e e n t e r e d the C a t h e d r a l itself; thus, the b e a u t y of it w a s b e t t e r appreciated.

Luncheon in Montmartre T h e f a c a d e of t h e L o u v r e w a s m a g n i f i c e n t , s h o w i n g the i m m e n s e size of t h e p a l a c e ; h o w e v e r , we w e r e a bit d i s a p p o i n t e d b e c a u s e it w a s closed. T h e n e x t stop was t h e Palais de Chaillot, via t h e A r c de T r i o m p h e , f r o m which t h e Eiffel T o w e r could be plainly seen. T h e T o m b of N a p o l e o n w a s n e x t on t h e a g e n d a ; f r o m t h e r e w e w e n t o n t o M o n t m a r t r e to visit Sacre C o e u r , a c h a n g e f r o m G o t h i c style, and o u t s t a n d i n g w i t h its white m a r b l e e x t e r i o r . T h e g r o u p r e m a i n e d in M o n t m a r t r e f o r a delicious r o a s t beef l u n c h . T h e a f t e r n o o n was f r e e f o r individual s h o p p i n g e x p e d i t i o n s . T h a t e v e n i n g s o m e of t h e g r o u p w e n t to t h e C l u b Lido, while o t h e r s w a l k e d a bit a n d c a u g h t m o r e needed sleep.

Briefing at SHAPE, OEEC W e d n e s d a y e v e r y o n e w a s u p early a n d off t o S H A P E h e a d q u a r t e r s w h e r e w e w e r e given b r i e f i n g s a n d l u n c h . T h e n we h a d t i m e f o r a s h o r t visit to Versailles a n d its b e a u t i f u l g a r d e n s b e f o r e g o i n g t o O E E C . O E E C p r o v e d t o be m o s t beneficial in f u r t h e r i n g o u r u n d e r s t a n d i n g of t h e p r e s e n t m o v e t o i m p r o v e e c o n o m i c conditions in E u r o p e .

Off to the Paris Opera A f t e r d i n n e r at t h e hotel, w e a t t e n d e d a p e r f o r m a n c e of " L a T r a v i a t a " a t t h e O p e r a . T h u r s d a y m o r n i n g we left for B r u g e s , Belgium. E v e r y o n e w a s a bit r e l u c t a n t to leave Paris, b u t so h a p p y to have seen one of t h e m o s t e x c i t i n g cities in E u r o p e . Sharon

Crawford

THE I N S T I T U T E OF E U R O P E A N STUDIES WELCOMES THE SECOND HOPE COLLEQE SUMMER SCHOOL TO VIENNA


y PAGE FOUR

HOPE COLLEGE ANCHOR -

EUROPEAN EDITION

J U L Y 1958

Tiny French Provincial Town Provides Many Contrasts As Hope Students Learn About U S Impact in Europe

S T U D E N T S V I S I T B A Y E R — H o p e C o l l e g e S u m m e r S c h o o l in V i e n n a s t u d y

lour

members

are s h o w n

as ihey

the p h o t o g r a p h e r at t h e e n t r a n c e t o t h e B a y e r C o m p a n y in L e v e r k u s e n , G e r m a n y . P i c t u r e d (I. to r.) first r o w :

posed

for

Sara Gordon,

S u z a n n e H u i z e n g a , D r . Paul G . F r i e d , D i r e c t o r of t h e P r o g r a m , M r s . W . C u r t i s S n o w , W o m e n ' s C o u n s e l o r , D r . M o r e t t e R i d e r of t h e

Hope College music department, Mrs. Rider,

Mary

Marcelon,

and

Leopold

Bayer,

tour

bus

driver.

Second

Row:

Dr. Koehlcr, Bayer company official. T r u e Elizabeth M c D o n a l d , Sharon C r a w f o r d , Joan Hamlin, Janice K o e m a n , Gloria T a y lor, S u s a n M o n t e , B a r b a r a K l o m p a r e n s , a n d H a r r y Pierce. T h i r d R o w : P a t r i c i a zenga. Fourth

Row:

Dr.

Michael

Fink,

I n s t i t u t e of

European

Studies,

J u l i u s M a n r i q u e , R o b e r t Van W a r t , a n d W i l l i a m B r o o k s t r a . F i f t h R o w : DeRuiter, David

Bosch, D a v i d

Ousterling, Henry

Paul

Berlinghoff, Harvey Van

Wyk,

Don

De

Gendler, and Jongh,

Peter

Gerald

Wilford Butler, J a m e s Sikkema, Robert

Hui-

Draayer,

Wulff, David

S t e f f e n s , and R i c h a r d B r o c k m e i e r .

STUDENTS INTRODUCED TO EUROPEAN INDUSTRY M e n t i o n the n a m e Bayer and m o s t people think of aspirin. Aspirin is p r o b a b l y the best k n o w n p r o d u c t of F a r b c n f a b r i k e n Bayer, one of t h e oldest a n d l a r g e s t chcmical f a c t o r i e s in E u r o p e . H o w e v e r , aspirin is a m i n o r p r o d u c t — one of o v e r 1300 — p r o d u c e d by the Bayer C o m p a n y . E n r o u t c f r o m A m s t e r d a m to Bonn, G e r m a n y , the H o p e College S u m m e r School in Vienna s t u d y t o u r g r o u p s t o p p e d at L e v e r k u s e n , o n e of the locations of the Bayer w o r k s . T h e g r o u p visited t h e p h a r m a c e u t i cal, c h e m i c a l a n d dyestuff d e p a r t m e n t s and the c o m p a n y l a b o r a t o r i e s — w h e r e w o r k is c o n s t a n t l y g o i n g on to find n e w p r o d u c t s a n d p r o d u c t processes. A f t e r the t o u r of the p r o d u c t i o n and lab facilities the t o u r g r o u p w a s t a k e n t o o n e of t h e e m p l o y e e social c e n t e r s on t h e p l a n t g r o u n d s . H e r e the Bayer C o m -

Cold War is Hot at RFE T o an A m e r i c a n , t h e t e r m „cold w a r " t e n d s to be a r a t h e r v a g u e t e r m t o be c o n t r a s t e d with „ h o t w a r " . But to us, this cold w a r b e c a m e live with m e a n i n g w h e n we visited Radio F r e e E u r o p e h e a d q u a r t e r s in Munich. At R F E , the W e s t a n d E a s t a r e e n g a g e d in a r e l e n t less and v i g o r o u s cold w a r which w a s m a d e u n c o m f o r t a b l y real to us. T h e r a d i o - e n g i n e e r s at R F E a r e f i g h t i n g with Russian r a d i o - e n g i n e e r s on the o t h e r side of the I r o n C u r t a i n to gain r a d i o c h a n n e l s into C o m m u n i s t a r e a s , w i t h o u t i n t e r f e r e n c e , f r o m the 1200 R u s s i a n j a m m i n g stations. T h e p o w e r of R F E s t a t i o n s m a k e s our s t a t i o n s in the U. S. look small. F o r c o m p a r i s o n , W H T C , the local H o l l a n d station, h a s 250 w a t t s , while . R F E r u n s 29 individual s t a t i o n s r a n g i n g in p o w e r f r o m 10,000 w a t t s to 135,000 w a t t s . I n a b r i e f i n g with t h e H o p e College g r o u p , David G r o z i e r , Public R e l a t i o n s Direct o r of R F E , t o l d the g r o u p t h a t 18—20 h o u r s of p r o g r a m s a r e b r o a d c a s t daily t o P o l a n d , C z e c h o s l o v a k i a a n d H u n g a r y , a n d 6 t o 8 h o u r s daily to R u m a n i a and Bulgaria. Richard Brockmeier

Trip Sfops af Airbase in Erding, Germany A t a b o u t eleven h u n d r e d h o u r s o n J u l y second, t h e H o p e College V i e n n a S u m m e r School t o u r a r r i v e d at E r d i n g Air F o r c e Base in E r d i n g , G e r m a n y . E r d i n g is a b o u t a n h o u r ' s drive n o r t h e a s t of M u n i c h a n d only five m i n u t e s a i r time f r o m C o m m u n i s t - h e l d C z e c h o slovakia. E r d i n g is t h e h o m e of t h e „ M a d D o g " I n t e r c e p t o r W i n g . It also s e r v e s as a t r a i n i n g b a s e for pilots in t h e G e r m a n Air F o r c e . D u r i n g W o r l d W a r I I this base w a s o n e of H i t l e r ' s L u f t w a f f e b a s e s . W h e n o u r g r o u p a r r i v e d at t h e base, w e w e r e m e t by C a p t a i n G r o o m e , t h e b a s e c h a p l a i n . W e w e r e given a brief h i s t o r y of E r d i n g a n d i n f o r m e d t h a t o n e of t h e p r i m a r y f u n c t i o n s of this base w a s t o p r o t e c t n e a r b y Munich.

David

Ousterling

p a n y has provided p l e a s a n t facilities for w o r k e r s eat lunch, r e a d , a n d c h a n g e f r o m s t r e e t c l o t h e s

to to

working clothing. A film, in A g f a c o l o r — a n o t h e r p r o d u c t of Bayer — w a s s h o w n a b o u t the o p e r a t i o n of the L e v e r k u s e n plant and the Bayer C o m p a n y . T h e n the g r o u p w a s hosted at dinner, in the e x e c u t i v e dining r o o m , by t h e c o m pany. As a m e m e n t o , e a c h m e m b e r was p r e s e n t e d with a g r o u p p i c t u r e t a k e n outside of the m a i n offices of Bayer. D e v e l o p e d a n d printed o n A g f a film d u r i n g the t i m e the g r o u p t o u r e d t h e p l a n t , the p i c t u r e provided a n o t h e r e x a m p l e of t h e p r o d u c t diversity a n d facilities of F a r b e n f a b r i k e n Bayer. T h u s g r o u p m e m b e r s h a d an o p p o r t u n i t y to g l i m p s e m o d e r n E u r o p e a n i n d u s t r y in action d u r i n g t h e t o u r . Wilford Butler

Hope Reunion Held in Historic Heidelberg A f t e r an eight h o u r ride t h r o u g h the b e a u t i f u l R h i n e Valley, a trip t h r o u g h a medieval castle, and a picture stop at the Lorelei, w e a r r i v e d at H e i d e l b e r g , G e r m a n y . H e r e we w e r e g r e e t e d by f a m i l i a r faces — H o p e g r a d u a t e s , now A r m y P F C ' s s t a t i o n e d in E u r o p e . I n c l u d e d in t h e g r o u p w e r e D a v e K i n k e m a , G a r y H o o k , L a r r y D e Witt, Rick G o u l d , and C h u c k L i n d a h l , all f r o m the class of 1957. M u c h to o u r d i s a p p o i n t m e n t , we had only o n e evening and the n e x t m o r n i n g in H e i d e l b e r g , but the time w a s well s p e n t . T h e city w a s u n d a m a g e d by the w a r so it r e m a i n e d m u c h as it w a s h u n d r e d s of y e a r s a g o . S t r e e t s w e r e n a r r o w and, like m o s t o l d e r E u r o p e a n cities, w e r e m a d e of c o b b l e s t o n e s . S o m e t i m e s it w a s difficult t o w a l k two a b r e a s t w i t h o u t b e i n g r u n d o w n by a t r o l l e y . T h e U n i v e r s i t y and t h e n e a r b y H e i d e l b e r g a lively a t m o s p h e r e .

army

camps

lent

W a t c h i n g long, u n w r a p p e d loaves of b r e a d being c a r r i e d h o m e u n d e r t h e a r m s of both y o u n g a n d old w a s o n e of t h e first oddities noticed a f t e r l a n d i n g on the c o n t i n e n t . T h i s w a s in t h e town of Bayeux, o u r first m a j o r s t o p a f t e r landing. In Bayeux, we witnessed an old town d e m o n s t r a t i n g F r e n c h provincialism. It s e e m e d to exist by medieval s t a n d a r d s . T h e o l d e r p e o p l e w a l k e d t h e s t r e e t s in t h e i r black a p p a r e l , while the y o u n g e r a g e g r o u p s e e m e d quite c o n t e n t in t h e i r old sport coats, w h i c h failed to m a t c h t h e rest of t h e i r attire. T h e b u i l d i n g s w e r e also a n t i q u e . Built close t o the n a r r o w c o b b l e s t o n e s t r e e t , t h e y seemed u n c h a n g e d since the Middle Ages. A l t h o u g h p o o r , the t o w n s people still w e r e p r o u d (as all F r e n c h s e e m to be), a n d s h u n n e d the A m e r i c a n t o u r i s t with t h e i r e x p e n s i v e c a m e r a s a n d clothes. At n o o n , a f t e r a seven c o u r s e F r e n c h d i n n e r (which not e v e r y o n e appeciated), o u r g r o u p left Bayeux a n d w e n t to visit the N o r m a n d y Beaches. T h e b e a c h e s provided a f a s c i n a t i n g sight. F a m o u s since 1066, w h e n William t h e C o n q u e r o r left t h e r e , they have p a r t i c u l a r interest f o r A m e r i c a n s . T h i s is b e c a u s e of t h e 1944 l a n d i n g s of A m e r i c a n t r o o p s d u r i n g World W a r II. > W e w a l k e d up about o n e h u n d r e d y a r d s f r o m the beach to a m u s e u m built in r e m e m b r a n c e of the invasion of J u n e 6, 1944. Bustling with people of m a n y nationalities, the m u s e u m w a s a p o p u l a r a t t r a c t i o n f o r t o u r i s t s . T h e exhibits included m i n i a t u r e m o d e l s of t h e invasion, m a p s of E u r o p e with statistics s h o w i n g t h e s t r e n g t h of the a r m i e s involved, and displays of t h e e q u i p m e n t used for the invasion. A fifteen m i n u t e m o v i e at t h e end ol the exhibition r e - e n a c t e d the invasion as it had o c c u r r e d . A f t e r leaving the m u s e u m , o u r bus t o o k us to t h e m o s t impressive of the b e a c h e s . T h i s w a s t h e c e m e tery for t h e A m e r i c a n s o l d i e r s killed in N o r m a n d y d u r i n g W o r l d W a r II. Inside the g r o u n d s a little A m e r i c a s e e m e d t o be h o u s e d . W e had left t h e old, t r a d i t i o n - b o u n d F r a n c e , and e n t e r e d the n e w , modern America. T h e lawn was neatly mowed and b e a u t i f u l l y g r e e n . T h e g r o u n d s c o n t a i n e d two b u i l d i n g s ol i m p o r t a n c e . O n e of these, a half s p h e r e v a u l t at t h e h e a d of t h e g r a v e s , c o n t a i n e d a m a p s h o w i n g t h e s t r e n g t h a n d position of A m e r i c a n f o r c e s at t h e t i m e of invasion. T h e opposite wall displayed the s t r e n g t h a n d position of the G e r m a n f o r c e s . In t h e f o r e g r o u n d , u n d e r t h e open s k y , w a s a h u g e s t a t u e of a m i g h t y m a n — t h e s y m b o l of h u m a n s t r e n g t h . T w o A m e r i c a n flags, o n e to t h e left a n d o n e to the r i g h t f l a n k of the building, waved freely a b o v e the s m a l l w h i t e m a r b l e c r o s s e s in the b a c k g r o u n d . T h e second p r o m i n e n t building, a small, white, c i r c u l a r chapel w a s a r r a n g e d inside as t h o u g h a service w e r e t o begin. T h e chapel w a s p e r h a p s the m o s t i m p r e s s i v e t h i n g on t h e beach, f o r it s y m b o l i z e d the i m p o r t a n c e of h u m a n life a n d t h e only real r e a s o n w h v millions of m e n m u s t die f o r a t r u e belief. O u t s i d e t h e chapel we took a final look at the endless, e v e n l y s p a c e d r o w s of white crosses. O n leaving this inspiring a n d beautiful c e m e t e r y , one c a n n o t avoid feeling a d e e p sense of g r a t i t u d e a n d h u m i l i t y a f t e r viewing first h a n d the proof of t h e s u p r e m e sacrifice t h a t o u r fellow men have m a d e so t h a t we m a y c o n t i n u e to e n j o y o u r p r e c i o u s f r e e d o m . Gerald Draayer Herausgeber,

Verleger

Professor Dr. in

Vienna,

Wien

I,

Paul

Institute Austria.

G. of

und

fiir

den

Fried, Hope European

Druck:

Inhalt College

Studies,

Profildruck

verantwortlich: Summer Neuer

Jahoda

Luckily it w a s n ' t r a i n i n g so w e w e r e able to see t h e H e i d e l b e r g castle on t o p of o n e of t h e m o u n t a i n s which s u r r o u n d t h e city. T h e castle w a s built in the 12th c e n t u r y ; t o d a y only a shell r e m a i n s .

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W e bid H e i d e l b e r g g o o d - b y s h o r t l y a f t e r l u n c h . All w e r e sad t o leave this b e a u t i f u l city, but w e r e a n x i o u s t o m o v e on t o R o t h e n b u r g . and Susan

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T h e n e x t m o r n i n g s o m e of t h e g r o u p c l i m b e d u p f o r a closer l o o k at t h e castle. O t h e r s s p e n t t h e m o r n i n g s h o p p i n g f o r H u m m e l figures, b e e r steins, o r j u s t t a k i n g in t h e m a n y s i g h t s of t h e city.

Klomparens

Markt

W i e n 111, H i n t e r e Z o l l a m t s s t r a f i e 3.

M o s t of us s p e n t o u r e v e n i n g w a n d e r i n g a b o u t t h e city. Places of i n t e r e s t w e r e „ T h e Red O x " , w h e r e p a r t of „ T h e S t u d e n t P r i n c e " was filmed, and N e p a l ' s " a s t u d e n t m e e t i n g p l a c e n e x t d o o r . H e r e we c a r v e d o u r initials n e x t to t h o s e a l r e a d y o n the t a b l e s a n d joined in t h e singing, adding; a f e w s o n g s of o u r o w n .

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07-01-1958  
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