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oard of foreign missions of the Reformed Church III JIlHCliCi) Organized 1832 « Independent issg Incorporated i860


« « missions « « 7/

Jimoy, CMna

north Japan



Jfrcot, India

South Japan



« « « Arabia, 1894 « « «

Sixiv=fifih Annual Report, Presented to' the General Synod at A$bnry Park, n. 3.

June, iso? Offices of the Board in the R ef or m ed C h u r c h Building, 25 Cast 22d Street, H e w V o r k « «

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ACTION OF T H E G E N E R A L SYNOD. The following resolutions, reported by the Committee on Foreign Missions, were unanimously adopted by the General Synod at Asbury Park, N. J., June 7th, 1897 : 1. That we congratulate the Board of Foreign Missions and -x

the W o m a n ’s Board upon their faithful and successful work during a most trying year; and commend their reports to the careful consideration of all the churches. 2. That the sum of $120,000 be taken as the basis of apportionment for the coming year; and that the churches be urged to bring their gifts up to that mark. 3

That the sum of $6,000 is required for the work of the

Arabian Mission, and should be our offering to this child of our Church. 4. That the first Sunday in November be designated as the day for a special presentation of Foreign Missions to our people ; and that two weeks, before it the Board send to each church a brief financial statement similar to that sent last year.

THE S ixty -F ifth A





Board of Foreign Missions OF T H E



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TiieBflniw’g Tabular i j&inmai'ij ^eporfcg of I^eceipfcg F or


Y e a r E nding A pril 30, 1897.


R E F O R M E D C HU R C H BUILDING 25 E ast 220 Str ee t , N ew Y ork.


REPORT. Forty years of separate and independent action by the Board of Foreign Missions are complete. The present, therefore, seems a fitting time for retrospect and compari­ son— to “remember all the way which the Lord has led us ” co-operation with For twenty-five years the Church had a . b .c . f.m . prosecuted its Foreign Mission work through the agency of the American Board of Commiss­ ioners for Foreign Missions. Through no dissatisfaction with that admirable organization— which God has so signally blessed in the dissemination of His Gospel and the extension of the Kingdom of His Son— this- arrangement came to an end in 1857. The controlling reasons were stated by the Board to the General Synod in 1856 in the “ masterly report ” of the Corresponding Secretary, the Rev. Isaac Ferris, D.D. They are as follows:— I. If, as a Church, vve are to do anything effectually in the work of Foreign Missions, we need a mode of action which shall bring the responsibility directly home to our people, and this an independent operation is most likely to secure. Reasons tor sep a m t i o n

II. W e are able to conduct this department of Church work for ourselves, and should, therefore, under­ take it. III. The Church is ready for and desires a distinct and separate organization. TV. It is regarded as not a small consideration, that such separate action on a prominent branch of Christian benevolence will complete the organizations which the great interests of the Church call for.”

With characteristic and becoming deliberation in so important a matter, action was postponed till the follow­ ing year. independence In 1857 the General Synod met at Utica, Achieved ^ y yjie reasons given above were carefully, thoroughly and affirmatively reviewed in a long and able report from the pen of the late Dr. T. W. Chambers, Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Mis­ sions. The principles underlying the recommendation were clearly recognized and heartily embraced and en­ forced. The report was adopted with practical unanimity, after long and patient discussion, in which the highest spiritual considerations were urged. So strong was the feeling and so profound the spiritual impression made, that the discussion is said to have been followed by a revival of religion in the Church with which the Synod met. U n ­ der such conditions, and with such tokens of the divine presence and favor, independence was resolved upon. A n amicable separation from the American Board was accomplished with mutual expressions of regardgratitude for the past and hope for the future. The membership of the Board was increased from fifteen to twenty-four, and the Board, thus reconstituted, assumed the care and maintenance of the A m o y and Arcot Mis­ sions, which had been established by missionaries of the Reformed Church during the period of co-operation. In handing over to it the A m o y Mission, the American Board relinquished, according to the testimony of its honored Secretary, Dr. Rufus Anderson, “ one of its bright­ est jewels.” ' T h e First The Missions thus transferred became, Missions from that time forth, the joy and care of the Reformed Church. Connected with them were eight ordained missionaries and their wives and one unmarried woman; six stations and two out-stations; twenty two native helpers, but not a single ordained native minister; seven churches with 297 communicants; six day schools with eighty-seven scholars, but no Boarding-schools or theological classes or Seminaries. In 1859, following on the opening of that country, the Japan Mission was begun,

divided in 1889 into the Missions of North and South Japan. In 1894 the Arabian Mission, organized in 1889 on an independent basis, was received under the care and conduct of the Board. Thedrowthot Thus the two Missions of 1857 have in足 Forty Years creased to five, while in every element of work and fruit, the increase has been many times as great. The six stations have become 23, nearly four times as many; the two out-stations have increased more than a hundred-fold, till they number 236; for seventeen missionaries, men and women, there are 78, with six others under appointment; thirty-three ordained native minis足 ters where there were none forty years ago, and 247 other native helpers where there were only twenty-two. More than six times as many Churches, (47), number nearly twenty times as many communicants, (5,306). Nineteen Boarding-schools for boys and girls gather nearly 1000 scholars, and four theological schools or classes have 79 students where there were none of either class in 1857. For the six day-schools there are 159, and into them are gathered 5,859 scholars for the 87 of forty years ago. During the forty years, 143 missionaries have gone to the different fields (55 m e n and 88 w o m e n married and un足 married) sixteen m e n and twenty-two w o m e n to China, the same number to India, seventeen men and thirty-three wom e n to the two missions in Japan and six men and one w o m a n to Arabia. Thus has God owned the faith and consecration of the fathers, and given us to enter into their labors and reap the fruits of their high resolve and wise endeavor. Such a record is surely the best possi足 ble attestation of the wisdom of their determination and of the divine blessing inspiring and resting on their deed. W e should be of all m e n most ungrateful did we not recognize with devout thanksgiving the good hand of our God upon us. Shall we not also be faithless to the trust reposed in us, if we do not catch inspiration from this review, for heartier service, larger gifts and more abundant prayers that the work so blessed of God m ay suffer no loss or diminution at our hands ?

state of t h e missions.


The reports from the various Missions, herewith presented, deserve the careful reading and prayerful consideration of the members of the Synod and the Church. While telling each its peculiar story of labors, trials and triumphs, encouragements and disappointments, there are certain features c o m m o n to them all. N o one can read them without receiving the strong impression that “ O P P O R T U N I T Y ” is writ large on every field. A n d no opportunity comes to the child or to the Church of God that does not bring with it its own weight and measure of responsibility. In all the tunnies

fields, too, it is painfully manifest that the one great- discouragement, which over­ shadows every other, is the painful lack of men and means with which to embrace the opportunities that everywhere present themselves. The earnest appeal for them is the best proof we could have that the life in these Missions is of God. “ The law of all growing life is that it continually asks for more. W h e n the asking ceases the life begins to decline and decay.” But how painful is the case when missionaries,facing fields “white unto harvest,” are compelled to write, as does one from India: “The movement in m y field still continues, but I have simply reached the limit of my. ability to care for any more villages. Several m e n from other Missions are applying for work but I have not a rupee with which to take on a single one. To take people over and not give them a teacher is useless. I wish I could devise some method of extend­ ing m y work without increasing the expenditure, but I have been unsucessful in doing so thus far”;or another from China, speaking of a tour recently made: “ I could not help wishing that there were funds to warrant our starting work in two places North of us. A n d the calls come to us from several places more.” D e m a n d s of Growth

Unusual interest in the subject of re­ ligion and readiness to hear the Gospel message, as the various reports show, characterize practi­ cally all the fields occupied by the Church. A n d what is A n Open Door

this but the voice of the Church’s Head and Lord, saying to it in tones that cannot be mistaken or disregarded: “ Behold I have set before you an open door ?" insufficient A m o y .— In particular verification of the Fora> above statement, while the A m o y Mis­ sion rejoices in the considerable addition made to its force last year by the arrival of Dr. and Mrs. Fest, Mr. Studley and Miss Calkoen, and the return of Dr. and Mrs. Otte, yet it pleads for three more m e n with their wives in 1897, to meet the necessities of its growing work. “ This is urgent.” The great field committed to it is not yet oc­ cupied. The effect of the Wha-Sang (Ku-Cheng) mass­ acre of last year has been to turn the minds of m en throughout the entire province of Fuh-Kien to the Christian “ doctrine.” Congregations are larger and more attentive, and the number of inquirers increasing— nearly 1000 in connection with our Mission alone. “ So far as willingness to listen to the message is concerned, every­ where the fields are white unto harvest, but the laborers, both foreign and native, are so few !” ’ As one result of the insufficient force, by women special attention is called to the large proportion of evangelistic work carried on by the w o m e n of this Mission. In addition to their usual labors in schools for girls and women, hospital and household visit­ ation, etc., their frequent and extended tours among the villages and the residence of some of them in inland towns where no male member of the Mission resides, attest at once their courage and self-devotion and the great need of reinforcement. It is to the praise of God’s protecting care and grace, and to the credit of the people among w h o m they live and move, that they are able to perform such service without molestation or fear. Evangelistic W o r k

The eleven churches are generally in a prosperous condition and pressing on to­ ward complete self-support with unabated zeal. In this respect they are generally acknowledged to stand at the head of the churches in China. The total of communi­ cants is 1,213 and of benevolence $4,586. Specially State of the Churches

cheering is the report from the Church of TongrAn, where only ten years ago there seemed few signs of hope­ ful life, but now the congregations number 700 and 300. inquirers are studying the doctrine. By the appointment and arrival of Dr. F. T. B. Fest, the hospital at Sio-Khe, which had been closed for more than a year, has been re­ opened, Dr. Fest proceeding to that station with his family shortly after his arrival in Amoy. By the almost unanimous consent of the donors, the funds contributed for the sup­ port of beds in this hospital during this period were appropriated to the building of a house at Amoy. Unexpected hindrances have delayed the building of Hope Hospital, for which funds were collected by DrOtte during his recent furlough. It was considered necessary to transfer its location from the city of A m o y to the island of Kolongsu. Land was not soon nor easily obtained. But since the opening of 1897, tidings have been received that all preliminaries have been arranged and building operations begun. Hospitals

. The work of the various schools seems to call for no special mention, though prosecuted, as the reports show, with usual fidelity and success. . This is our oldest Mission, consecrated by the life and death of Abeel, Doty, Pohlman and Talmage, and the labors of their associates and successors. In point of territory, importance, interest and success proportioned to the means employed, it is inferior to no other in our care. Its plea for help should not be suffered to pass unheard or unregarded'. Arcot.— The reports from this Mission show growth in almost every particular. It illustrates “ the loving kindness of the Lord,” that a year which opened under a dark cloud of discouragement by reason of threatened curtailment, should close with ex­ pressions of gratitude and gladness and abundant evidences of prosperity. The return of Dr. and Mrs. Chamberlain, and the arrival of Mr. and Mrs. Henry Huizinga, gladGrowth E v e rywhere

dened the hearts and strengthened the hands of the brethren. • T w o new pastors have been ordained ordained over churches to which they have' •de­ termined to look almost or quite entirely for their support. In face of the extreme poverty of the people,.this step argues great faith on their part and commendable zeal and self-denial on the part of their congregations. , increase of All the churches show encouraging the Churches signs 0f progress in the direction of be­ nevolence and self-support. In spite of their poverty and the unusual scarcity and cost of the necessaries of life their contributions show an increase of 455 rupees. The whole amount contributed was 3,428 rupees,, or $1,714 silver. The additions to the churches on confession of Christ were 147, and the total number of communicants 2092. The total congregations show an increase of 432. N e w Pastors

A similar, growth, in extent and efficiency, characterizes the educational work of the Mission, The number of boys’schools is in­ creased by four, of girls’by one and of mixed (village) schools by nine, a total increase of fourteen schools. The number of scholars under instruction in all schoools (6,025), shows a gain of 673. The report shows with what gladness the Mission hailed the determination of the W o m a n ’s Board not to “allow the Hindu Girls’ Schools to be discontinued. Sixteen of these schools were thus rescued,to which another has been added. Educational Progress

Quite remarkable 'in point of growth is the High school at Vellore. W h e n re­ ceived from the Mission of the Church of Scotland in the beginning of 1895, this school had 447 scholars. In December of that year the number was 523 and the aver­ age for the year 544. At the close of last year the number of scholars had risen to 835. The very large majority of these are day scholars and non-Christian, while the boarding department had 77 Christian lads. With the ex­ ception of the expenses of the latter department, this school has been entirely self-supporting, by means of fees Flourishing

High school

and government grants. In fact its very prosperity seems to have aroused the envy and cupidity of the Hindu authorities of Vellore, and given rise to an attempt to sup­ plant it by a rival school under Hindu auspices. It is not believed, however, that the effort will prove successful. The statistics of special evangelistic work, in distinction from regular services, show that the Gospel was preached 35,571 times in 19,757 places and in the hearing of audiences numbering 675,365 If to these be added the work of Bible W o m e n and Zenana visitors, it will then appear that the Gospel was presented to 746,000 hearers, 52,500 times in 20,700 places.' Evangelistic Work


Most significant and cheering is the growing interest reported from more than one source in voluntary evangelistic effort on the part of the members of the churches. The Missionary at Arni writes.— “Almost every Christian m a n and woman in Arni, including the boarding school boys of sufficient age and character, is engaged in active evangelistic work either in the streets or the Sunday-schools every Sunday.” Happy the missionary, privileged to make such report, and hap­ py the Church, whether at home or abroad, of which such report can be truthfully made ! ' Notice should also be taken here of the'formation of a W o m a n ’s Gospel Extension Society among the wom e n of the churches, to which they contribute out of their deep poverty. Voluntary Service

While deadly pestilence has raged in several of the cities of India, and large sections of the Empire, especially in the North, have been wasted by famine, we have reason to rejoice and thank God that the former has not visited the Arcot districts, nor have the worst effects of famine been felt. Yet, in the North Arcot district especially, much distress has existed among our helpers and their congregations by reason of famine prices for necessary food. It has been a pleasure to forward to the Mission considerable sums received for the purpose of relief through the benevolence,of the churches. ' Pestilence a n d F a m i n e Averted

ne other These are the cheerful and cheering slde features of the condiiion in India. That there are others, of an opposite character, cannot be denied. The report frankly discloses some of them— the difficulties arising from the poverty and superstitions' of the people ; the depressed condition of the Pariahs and the persecutions they are called upon to endure, especially when they espouse the cause of Christ; the aroused and active opposition of the Hindus, awakened to the progress of Christianity and determined to counteract it by every means within their power ; the interference of the Salva­ tion A r m y ostensibly in the name of Christ. These all appear, and should command the sympathetic and prayer­ ful attention of the Church. Japan.— The present year has special in­ terest as marking a quarter-century of growth for the Church of Christ in the Japanese Empire. The anniversary will be celebrated there with appropriate services of praise and worship. It is no less worthy of de­ vout recognition on our part. The organization of the original Union (Kaigan) Church in Yokohama in 1872, though with but eleven members, was an event of special significance in the history of Japan and of Christendom. It was, indeed, the planting of the “ mustard seed ” in soil ° apparently most unpromising. But the power of the “ Spirit of life in Christ Jesus’’ was in it. Therefore it grew, and to-day stands flourishing and independent of foreign aid, the largest as well as the oldest Church in the Empire, with an adult membership of 685. Quarter Century 0/ Chur c h Life

Its branches also spread abroad. As the result of effort on the part of the various Presbyterian and Reformed bodies laboring in Japan, the “ Church of Christ” now numbers 71 churches, of which 13 are wholly self-supporting, and with a membership of 10,538. The total of all Protestant churches, according to the latest and best reports accessible, but yet imperfect, is 378, of which 67 are wholly self-supporting. The m e m ­ bership reported is 38,361, whose contributions during the last year were $60,505 silver. In 837 Sunday-schools, Results of T w e n t y Five Years

30,624 scholars are found ; 17 theological seminaries have 223 students, while 281 ordained ministers and 6iS unor­ dained preachers and helpers perform the active ser.vice of the churches and their evangelistic work. With them and for them 680 Foreign Missionaries(238men)are actively engaged. A quarter-century of growth from almost nothing, so manifestly blessed of God and showing such abundant fruit, is worthy of devout and grateful c om­ memoration. T h e Present The signs for future growth seem all proOutiook pitious. The anti-foreign and anti-Chris­ tian feeling that prevailed for several years seems to have largely spent its force. Disturbing events outside the Missionai y ophere have been wanting. Neither political commotions, convulsions of nature nor the marked increase of industrial and commercial activity appear to have affected the work unfavorably. A better under­ standing seems to exist— in the main— between the Mis­ sionaries and the Japanese brethren. More interest is manifested in religion than for some years past. While efforts to promote the “ revival of Buddhism ” have not ceased, there is yet little open hostility to the Gospel, and Christianity is coming to be more thought of and better understood. A leavening power seems to be at work and a leavening process going on. W h e n to these • considerations is added the greater freedom of movement and residence accorded to Missionaries— to be complete in two years more by the operation of the revised treaties— it will readily be seen that the opportunities are greater and the field more inviting, than has been the case for years. So much more pressing is the need for m e n and women, called of God and filled with His Spirit, to do the work that waits. , Educational For details of the work of the schools, work reference is made to the reports of the two Missions, North and South. It is sufficient here to say that the Meiji Gakuin at Tokyo, in both the theologi­ cal and academical departments, and the Ferris Seminary at Yokohama have, in the main, had a prosperous-year, though the work of the latter has been, of necessity,

interfered with to some extent by the absence of Mr. and Mrs. Booth on furlough. O n the other hand, both Steele College and Sturges Seminary at Nagasaki have suffered from internal troubles, out of which they have emerged with brighter prospects than before. While the system of public education in Japan is very complete, and its schools well furnished and equipped— much better than it is pos­ sible for Mission schools to be— it is quite evident to the Board that the latter are as much heeded now as ever The government1 schools are distinctly non-Christian. Religious teaching is prohibited. In many cases the influence is decidly anti-Christian. If the rising Church, therefore, is to have for its youth the possibility and privi­ lege of Christian education, and if Christian workers, men and women, are to be trained for the service of Christ and the Church, these schools must be maintained by foreign aid until the churches become strong enough in wealth and numbers to maintain them for themselves. But the Board is no less strongly convinced that they should be distinctly Christian, pervaded and controlled by a thoroughly Christian spirit and directed to distinctly Christian ends. Evangelistic For particulars of evangelistic work also work reference must be made to the reports. They will show under what conditions, often of difficulty and discouragement, often, too, of good cheer and hopeful­ ness, this most important branch of service is performed. They also show how small and inadequate is the force employed. The Board rejoices in the prospect of being able, for the first time in more than twenty years, to send another m a n to the North Japan Mission for this special work. Arabia.— The return of Mr. Cantine in the Fall of 1896, and the marriage of Mr. S. M. Zwemer in the Spring of that year made this Mission, for a brief period, stronger than it had ever been. ’ , ' woman’s ■ The Board counts it a happy circuminfiuence stance that the Mission at last numbers a w o m a n among its members, even though her presence is N e e d of Christiaa Schools

for a time withdrawn. Nowhere on Mission ground is the condition of w o m a n more pitiful. Nowhere can the ministry of devoted Christian w o m e n have hope of greater usefulness or more blessed results. It is encouraging to receive the testimony that nowhere, at no time, did Mrs. Zwemer meet with annoyance or rudeness in her attempts to seek out her Arab sisters and bring to them the mes­ sage of life and light. ' During the necessary absence of Mr. and Mrs. Zwemer at Busrah, a house was rented and prepared for residence at Bahrein, in'a comparatively healthy location overlooking the sea. There they were able to remain for a few months only before leaving for this country, but hope to make their home when they return to the field. A new feature of the work at Muscat is begrinnjng- 0f a school for rescued slave-boys. The capture of a slave dhow early in 1896 by the British Agent, afforded the opportunity. O n his appli­ cation, eighteen boys among the captives were handed over to the Rev. P. J. Zwemer to be cared for and educated by him until eighteen years of age. They have proved docile and tractable. A capable teacher has been obtained from India and the boys are reported as making good pro­ gress in the training, educational, religious and indus­ trial, provided for them. The support of the boys has been undertaken with alacrity by individuals, Sundayschools and Endeavor Societies in this country. The under­ taking isdirectly in line with one of the original objects pro­ posed by the Misiion. Its progress will be watched with careful interest. So far the health of the boys has been excellent. With the favor of God, blessed results m ay grow out of this effort for the boys themselves and through them for many. school for


The circulation of the Bible and portions of Scripture has been larger than ever. The whole number was 2,805, being 500 more than last year and nearly 2,000 more than in 1893. This in­ cludes sales not only from the Bible shops at the various stations, but by the Missionaries and their colporteurs in scripture


their tours, extending for hundreds of miles along the rivers and a thousand miles along the coast. For this work liberal grants continue to be made by the American and the British and Foreign Bible Societies. ' Medical With improved health and growing Work knowledge of the language, Dr. Worrall has been able to accomplish much more in the line of medical and surgical work. In this he has also been assisted to some extent by Mr. and Mrs. S. M. Zwemer. His report presents a detailed statement of the cases treated. It is sufficient to note here that the total of such cases was 5,500 in three dispensaries, and that instruction in the Gospel accompanied dispensary practice. First The “ joy of harvest ” has not yet come Fruits t 0 our faithful brethren in this most diffi­ cult field. But their hearts have been gladdened by a gathering of “ first fruits," even sooner, perhaps, than was to be expected. The two cases reported, of the converted soldier and the aged Persian, are enough to gladden the hearts, encourage the faith, quicken the zeal and increase the prayer of all those who have been and are interested in this Mission. The fact that the former desires to make confession of Christ by baptism, at the recognized and probable peril of his life, gives him a claim upon our s ym­ pathy and prayer that ought not be denied. ■ More M e n This field, having an accessible populaNeeded tjon 0£ I(j00j000i and stretching along the East coast of Arabia for r 000 miles, is surely and painfully undermanned. The Mission continues its earnest plea for reinforcement. It affords the Board peculiar pleasure to report that one new missionary has been appointed, and the means pledged to send him to the field and support him for five years. This is the generous undertaking of “ The Young People’s Missionary Fund ” of the Marble Collegiate Church, N e w York City. T w o more, at least, are desired and needed and should, if possible, go out next year with Mr. Zwemer. Financial The financial condition of this Mission Condition deserves the careful consideration of the Church, and especially of those who have been interested

in having it brought under the care of the Board. It is not reassuring. As with the other Missions (more fully treated of elsewhere),the receipts are not at all adequate to meet the expenses of the Mission, even as at present con­ stituted. The total receipts for the year were $5',445.28. Of this amount, however, $1,029.28 were for special objects, the support of slave-boys, press at Muscat, etc., leaving only $4,416, to be applied on the appropriations for the regular work of the Mission. As the appropria­ tions were $5,830, it is not easy to see how they can be met. The field this Mission occupies is, without doubt, “ the hardest in the whole Mission field.” Those who bravely occupy it in the face of its stupendous difficulties, should at least be borne up by the consciousness that they are being nobly and bravely sustained by the s ym­ pathy, gifts, and prayers of the Church at home. So only can the Church discharge the responsibility it has volun­ tarily assumed. MOVEMENTS



Rev. James Cantine, of the Arabian Mission, returned to his post, leaving in August and arriving in October, 1896. Rev. S. M. Zwemer, of the same Mission, was married in May, 1896, to Miss A m y E. Wilkes, of the C. M. S. Mission at Bagdad. Mr. and Mrs. Zwemer are now on furlough in this country. Dr. J. A. Otte, of the A m o y Mission, with his family, returned to China in September, 1896, having been previ­ ously ordained as a Missionary by the Classis of Michigan, in accordance with a dispensation from the General Synod. Dr. Otte was also accompanied by a considerable reinforce­ ment for the Mission. Dr. and Mrs. Chamberlain, after two and a half years absence from the field, set their faces again toward India in November, 1896, arriving at Madanapalle just before Christmas. Their return was welcomed with delight, not only by the members of the Mission; but also by the natives, both Christian and non-Christian. Miss Martha E. Duryea, of the South Japan Mission-,

was married in September, 1896, to the Rev. R. B. Grinnan, of the Southern Presbyterian Mission, and resigned her connection with the Board. The loss of her faithful and valuable service in the Sturges Seminary was deeply felt. In the absence of any substitute, she kindly continued to teach certain branches till the end of the year. Dr. and Mrs. John Scudder and Mr. and Mrs. Booth, desire to return to their respective fields this year. Dr. and Mrs. Stout, also asked to be allowed to return to Japan, but, as in the opinion of the medical adviser of the Board, i t w o u l d be perilous ” for Mrs. Stout, the Board has requested them to prolong their furlough another year. REINFORCEMENTS.

Rev. Henry Huizinga, of the Classis of Holland, a graduate of Hope College, and of the Western Theological Seminary in 1896, was appointed to the Arcot Mission in June. He sailed in August, with Mrs. Susan Antvelink Huizinga, to take position as Principal of the High School at Vellore. . Rev. Hobart E. Studley, of the Classis of N e w Bruns­ wick, a graduate of the Class of 1896 from the Theological Seminary at N e w Brunswick, was appointed to the A m o y Mission, to which he proceeded in company with Dr. Otte. Dr. Francis T. B. Fest and Mrs. E m m i e Fest, of Plank Road, Mich., were appointed to the A m o y Mission and accompanied Dr. Otte. Their journey was shadowed by a sad affliction in the death and burial of their little daughter at Hong-Kong. This is the second Medical Missionary sent to China by the liberality of 'Mr. J. J. Jane way. Miss M. VanB. Calkoen, of Utrecht, Netherlands, was received under the care of the Board as a self-supporting missionary, and joined the Mission under the conduct of Dr. and Mrs. Otte. ■ UNOER


Mr. Henry J. Scudder, having completed his theolo­ gical studies, has been appointed to the Arcot Mission with which he was connected for four years as a teacher.

Miss Margaret F. Booraem, of N e w Brunswick, a manager of the W o m a n ’s Board, was also appointed to the same Mission as an Assistant Missionary. Mr. W. H. Farrar, of the school for Christian Workers, at Springfield, Mass., after a thorough course of technical training, has been appointed to take charge of the Indus­ trial School in the Arcot Mission. Miss Elizabeth Walther, of Hammonton, N. J., was appointed as an Assistant Mis­ sionary. . Rev. Frank S. Scudder, of the Classis of Westchester, and pastor of the Church of Mount Vernon, N. Y., and Mrs. Scudder, have been appointed to the North Japan Mission for evangelistic work, the first appointment of the kind in more than twenty years. The liberality of the Rev. E. R. Miller, of that Mission, in resigning his own salary, etc., for-the purpose, made the appointment pos­ sible. They will be accompanied by Mrs. J. VV. Schenck, as a missionary, at her own charges. Mr. Fred. J. Barny, of the Classis of N e w York, and the Class of 1897 of the Theological Seminary at N e w Brunswick, has been appointed to the Arabian Mission as the missionary of the “Young People’s Benevolent Fund,” of the Marble Collegiate Church. Of those thus appointed, Mr. and Mrs. shall They be p g Scudder, with Mrs. Schenck and Mr. Barny, expect to leave for their respective fields during the coming Summer, the funds necessary for the purpose being provided. For the return of Dr. and Mrs. Scudder and Mr. and Mrs. Booth, and for the sending out of Mr. and Mrs. H. J. Scudder and Mr. and Mrs. Farrar, the Board makes earnest appeal to the Church to make full and speedy provision. The cost will be not less than $5,500. Of this amount there have been given or pledged about $1,800. The Missions want them, and expect them. They are ready and desirous to go. Will the Church provide the means to send them ? MEMBERS






The year has been marked by the loss unusual Losses members of the Board by death, an unusual number.

Hon. Nathan F. Graves, a member of the Board since 1879, die(i at his home in Syracuse, N. Y., in July, 1896. His deep interest in, and wide acquaintance with, the whole subject and field of Missions made him a valued and valuable member. By his foundation of the Graves Missionary Lectureship he laid the Theological Seminary, the Board and the Church, under a great and lasting obligation. The vacancy caused by his death was filled by the election of Mr. Charles H. Harris. Rev. Theodore S. Brown, of Chatham, N. Y., was a member of the Board for ten years. Faithful in attend­ ance, interested in its operations, and liberal in its sup­ port, he ceased from his labors, and entered into rest in January, 1897. The vacancy thus occasioned was filled by the election of Rev. E. P. Johnson, of the Classis of Albany. . Mr. James Abeel Williamson was a member of the Board for more than a generation, having been chosen in 1862. H e was at once made a member of the Executive Committee, and two years later became Chairman of the Finance Committee. This position he held continuously until last year, when the weight of increasing years led him to decline further service in that position. The value of the services heartily and faithfully rendered by him during this long period, can hardly be computed. The place left vacant by his death on April 6, 1897, was filled by the election of Mr. Vreeland H. Youngman, of Albany, N. Y. The term of the following members of the Board expires with this session of the Synod: Rev. A. P. Van Gieson,D.D., Mr. D. Jackson Steward, “ C. L. Wells, D.D., “ Charles H. Harris, “ M. H. Hutton, D.D., “ J. J. Janeway,

“ Wm. Moerdyk,

John C. Giffing.

Mr. D. Jackson Steward, a member since 1867,declines a re-election because of inability to attend the meetings of the Board. AGENCIES


Dr's Scudder and Stqut arid Mr. Booth have been

quite constantly engaged in attending conferences and visiting and addressing the churches, societies, etc. It perhaps is not, but should be, understood that such ser­ vice is rendered entirely without cost to the churches. Several new publications have been issued, among them Missions to Moslems,” by Rev. S. M. Zwemer ; an account of the slave-boys at Muscat, by Mrs. Zwemer ;three Catechisms, one each, of “ Questions and Answers for Sun­ day-schools, Mission Circles and Bands,” on China, India and Japan; “ A Century of Foreign Missions in the R e ­ formed Church,” by the Corresponding Secretary; a “His­ torical sketch of The Ferris Seminary,” (illustrated), by Rev. E. S. Booth. Dr. Chamberlain’s valuable pamphlet on “ The Religions of the Orient” has also been widely circulated through his own liberality and that of a member of the Board. A new Missionary Map, embracing all the Missions of the Reformed Church, has been prepared. Printed on cloth, with all the stations distinctly marked, it should be found a valuable help in missionary meetings. Sold at the low price of $2.50, postage paid, it is easily within the reach of all our Churches. The brief statement ordered by the last Synod to be sent to each pastor before the day of prayer for Missions, was so prepared and sent. In response to calls, more than 15,000 copies, also, were sent out for distribution. The mite boxes issued during the year were 1,171, andsirtcethe beginning 30,761. ■ THE

W O M A N ’S B O A R D .

In 1880 the W o m a n ’s Board made itself responsible for all the work carried on by the various Missions for girls and women. At that time the amount required was comparatively small,—-about $5,500. Such work has grown rapidly during the inter­ vening years in all Mission fields, our own included. The appropriations for this department of labor made by the Board for 1897 called for $26,574. It has been more than met by the contributions made by the W o m a n ’s Board during the year. Its generous pledge, also, to provide for Pledges


the Hindu Girls’ Schools in India, threatened with disconcontinuance by reason of retrenchment ordered by the Board, has been fully redeemed. Thirty new auxiliaries have been recognized, the whole number now being 508. These results have not been achieved without ceaseless activity and a wise expenditure of energy and adaptation of methods worthy of all praise. They have met deserved reward. The total receipts into its treasury were $33,548.69, the largest sum by several thousands ever received in a single year. From the begining it has received $378,729. Its payments to this Board during the fiscal year amounted to $28,205.90, of this sum $1,630.90 was for special objects outside of the appropriations. The sum of $240.91 was also received for the Arabian Mission. Receipts a n d Payments

The Mission Gleaner, the bi-monthly organ of the W o m a n ’s Board, has steadily won its way to favor, and has become more than self-sup­ porting. The receipts for the year exceeded all the cost of publication by more than $100. Mission


Whoever scans attentively the tabular statement of receipts will see that in a considerable number of churches the contributions ' through the W o m a n ’s Board are far in excess of those received from the churches and Sunday-schools as such, while not a few content themselves with contributing only through this channel. The Board rejoices in every sign of activity and success attending the work of this valued and indispensable organization. It has no word of caution, nothing but a hearty God-speed, for its faithful workers. But it cannot refrain from calling the attention of the Synod to the fact, nor from raising the inquiry whether the churches and Sunday-schools are peforming their proper part in the great work in which we are engaged. Should not the activity and success of these auxiliaries spur pastors, consistories and m e n of the churches and teachers and officers of the Sunday-schools to greater activity and larger liberality in their own proper sphere ? a


of Caution





The report of -the Secretary for Young People’s Mis­ sionary Work, the Rev. A. De Witt Mason, shows a year

c. E.Mission.

of gratifying activity. The Christian Endeavor Societies in the Reformed Church now number about 560, of which 137 are con- . nected with the Christian Endeavor Missionary League. The total membership is about 28,000. The conventions of the League have been occasions of great interest, bringing together large numbers of youth for the consideration of Missionary subjects, and stimulat­ ing them to greater interest and activity. The faithful . and gratuitous service of Mr. Geo.M.Williamson as the effi­ cient Treasurer of the League deserves recognition. H e reports that the contributions of the Societies to Foreign Missions amounted to $5,162.24, including $549.24 for the Arabian Mission, $360.46 for special objects, and $244.48 for sufferers by famine in India. By an arrangement with the Board,a station in India.,Ckiitoor, in Ja-pan,Kagoshima, in Arabia, Bahrein, and in China, the Hope Hospital, have been assigned to these Societies as special objects for their support, and to the Junior Endeavorers the support of Miss Winn’s work at Aomori, Japan. ary L e a g u e


The new Missionary paper— the Day^ Star— for circulation in Sunday-schools and young people’s societies, of which intimation was given last year, has met with unexpected and gratifying success. Three monthly editions, of 30,000 copies each, were issued in October, November and December, 1896, and freely scattered broadcast through the churches. Sub­ scriptions, at the very low rate of $8 per hundred copies,be­ gan with the January number, and by M a y 1st had reached the large figure of 12,603. But for the three large editions mentioned the returns already received would probably be sufficient to meet all the expenses of publication for the entire year. A real want has thus evidently been supplied in a most happy manner. Its appearance and contents are attractive, and have received unstinted c o m ­ mendation from good judges at home and from our misPaper

sionaries in the field. The paper should be in every Sun­ day-school, that the scholars m a y early become interested in the missionaries and Missionary work of the Church. THE




The importance of a periodical by means 0f w hich information in regard to this work can be regularly conveyed to the families of the Church, cannot easily be overestimated. ' Next to Christian principle, knowledge must be the basis and spring of all real and abiding interest and activity in such work. Yet all efforts to secure a larger circulation for the Mission Field— the recognized organ of the Mission Boards— have signally failed. A n average circulation of about 3,000 copies a month is certainly and entirely inade­ quate to inform the nearly 50,000 families of the denomi­ nation. Should it be taken by any considerable and reasonable number, it might easily be made self-support­ ing. As it is, it is,and must continue to be, a burden upon the Treasury of the Boards. No agency for securing such enlarged circulation can be thought of, or is likely to be more successful, than the active co-operation of the pastors of our churches, either personally or through their own selected agents. This co-operation, however, though earnestly and specially sought, it has thus far proved impossible to secure. Dismal



Receipts.— There were received from all sources, and for all purposes, $111,111.89. Of this amount $5,445.28 were for the Arabian Mission, leaving $105,666.61 for the other Missions and work of the Board. Included in this amount were $9,101.96 from legacies, and $2,065 frominterest on invested funds, a total of $11,166.96. Deducting this from the receipts we have, as the entire contribution of the Church through its various agencies, and of indi­ viduals, $94,499.65. Expenditures.— These were, for the Arabian Mission, $7,140, and for the other work of the Board, $112,046.41. This expenditure is considerably swelled by the amount

received in gifts for special objects during the previous year, but not paid until after the beginning of the current fiscal year. It was distributed as follows: For the A m o y Mission, $28,45r.06; Arcot, $29,188.92; North Japan, $26,­ 662.01; South Japan, $17,238.92; for interest on loans, $946.47, and for other H o m e expenses, $9,558.93. The ratio of H o m e expenses to total expenditure will vary somewhat from year to year with every effort to keep it as low as possible. Last year it was a trifle under six per cent. This year, owing to several unusual items, such as the Missionary Map, etc., not likely to occur again, it is a trifle under eight. The details of this expenditure will be found, as usual, in the Treasurer’s report on a subsequent page. Indebtedness.— It has been seen that the total receipts for the year were $105,666.61. Not all of this amount, however, was contributed fot the regular work of the Missions, and therefore applicable upon the appropriations, $8,167.23 having been given for special objects not included in the appropriations Of these sums, $3,959.62 have been paid out, and $4,207.61 still remain to be paid, and are in­ cluded in the balance remaining in the treasury. They have diminished, by just so much, the ability of the Board to meet its appropriations, and the unexpended balance remains as an obligation against the Treasury. A similar state of things existed last year to the extent of $9,528.50, a fact which was clearly pointed out in the last Report (on page xxv),and could have escaped the notice of no intelligent reader. It was there stated that if this balance had “ been actually paid, it would have diminished the cash on hand, and swelled the balance against the Board ($4,699.13) by just so much.” That balance would then have been $14,227.63. It would probably have served the purposes of clear and definite statement and appre­ hension if that balance had so been stated in the tabular form then employed. That it was not so done was due to the fact that the table was presented for the purpose of comparison with the table of the previous year, in which no such item appeared. It is now given in comparative tables for 1896 and 1897, as showing in its completeness

the financial condition of the Board at this time, and as compared with that of a year ago: • 1896 1897 Amount of loans........... $ 17,695 10 $ 17,612 10 Accrued interest............ 167 50 147 23 Acceptances outstanding..... none 12,168 58 9,528 50 4,207 61 Special gifts unexpended ....

Less cash in hand........

$ 27,391 10 $ 34,135 S2 47 18,869 25 $ 14,227 63 $ 15,266 27

It will thus be seen that the net indebtedness of the Board on May ist was $15,266.27. It will also be seen that the treasury is worse off than last year, only by the sum of $1,038.64. That the deficiency should be no greater in such times as these, is certainly encouraging. Never­ theless it cannot be too strongly insisted upon, that the condition of the treasury will never be satisfactory until the receipts for the regular work of the Missions are equal to the appropriations for that work, without respect to gifts for any special objects whatever. APPROPRIATIONS.

The estimates received from the Missions have, for several years, called for several thousand dollars more than the Board has felt at liberty to. grant. For three years, what m a y be called a “ horizontal cut ” was made. A certain percentage for 1894, 6£; for 1895, 7,an(^ f°r 1896, n£, was deducted from the estimates of all the Mis­ sions alike, and the remainder appropriated for the work of the year. But such a method was specially injurious to the work itself. So many charges are fixed and there­ fore incapable of reduction, that the effect of this method fell chiefly— almost entirely, indeed— upon the evange­ listic and educational work, the reduction there amount­ ing to twenty and twenty-five per cent, and even more. For the current year, 1897, a different method was pursued. Unwilling that the work should suffer so con-

tinuously and injuriously, the Board determined to grant, as nearly as possible, and did grant substantially, all that was asked for work actually in hand. This was provided for by the appropriation of $106,794. But nothing what­ ever was provided: 1. For any new work in any Mission, though the opportunities for it are abundant and the pleas most pres­ sing. 2. For sending out any new Missionaries, though a number are desired and needed, and several have been appointed. 3. For returning to' their fields any of the Mission­ aries at home on furlough. To guard the work seemed the first duty. To state the case and leave to the church the decision, as to whether the Missionaries should be sent the second. Both these duties are now performed. The church knows the whole case. It is for it to act in view of the issues involved, and of its responsibility to the Lord for whose N a m e ’s sake these'waiting mission­ aries desire to go forth. THE



The Board renews its earnest plea for a forward movement in this first year of a new decade which will complete a half century of independent effort— a move­ ment which has for its immediate object the raising of “ $[20,000 from collections only” for our Foreign Mis­ sionary work. H a d that amount been raised this year there would have been no indebtedness to chronicle and no uncertainty as to the going forth of our missionaries. A n d this plea is urged with the greater confidence because the Board believes that it accords with the feeling of the Church, and also because, notwithstanding the com­ mercial depression and the uncertainties and pressure of .the times, the movement has begun. It is surely no slight thing, no unmeaning sign— that in such times the churches have actually given, through their various agencies, to meet the apportionments, nearly $4,000 more ($3,926) than they did a year ago. Precisely the same arguments, in the main, m ay be

urged for such a forward movement, and for such contri­ butions, as were urged for separate and independent action forty years ago. If the Church be responsible for the prosecution of Missionary work at all, it is certainly responsible for the proper maintenance of that which the Lord has put into its hands. The one responsi­ bility, intensified by all the progress of the forty years now closed, needs to be brought home to it as much and as distinctly as the other. A work that requires for its absolute needs $107,000, to say nothing of enlargement, cannot possibly be carried on for $82,144, the sum total of all the gifts for that purpose received last ye'ar from Churches, Sunday-schools, Christian Endeavor Societies and the Auxiliaries of the W o m e n ’s Board. Even if lega­ cies and interest on invested funds be added, the resulting amount, $94,500, is still and totally inadequate. Unless, then, the Church is willing to accept one of two alterna­ tives, the giving up of a Mission or the steady accumula­ tion of debt to be removed by constantly recurring special efforts, its responsibility for such an advance is perfect, imperative and pressing. Responsibility

That it is able to do this, experience shows. Twice during the last five years it has roused itself to the removal of considerable debts. In 1892-3 and in 1895-6. The receipts of the Board for the last five years were $601,589.56, and the average $120,­ 317.91. W h y can it not rouse itself to make this average good for the coming year and every year till more is needed ? AbiUty



The Church is ready for such a move­ ment. It has all the agencies required— the Churches themselves and the pastorate, Sunday-schools and 'their officers and teachers, Christian Endeavor So­ cieties and W o m a n ’s Auxiliaries, with Missionary Agents in the several Classes. F e w churches, if any, are so com­ pletely organized, so well equipped in every way. Nor, it is believed, is willingness wanting on the part of the people, where the subject is properly, carefully, prayer­

fully presented. That in a year of almost unexampled de­ pression their gifts should have increased nearly $4,000 affords evidence of the correctness of this view which ought not to be disregarded. A n d m a y we not hope that if the Church shall thus rise to the occasion and its God-given opportunities, the Spirit of God shall so own and crown the consecrated en­ deavor as that not one church alone, as forty years ago, but all our churches shall receive in answer rich spiritual blessings ? ' ■ H E N R Y N. COBB, Approved by the Board, May 19, 1897.

Corresponding Secretary. •


FOUNDED IN 1842. :apa1je, h. L. Ww. . Kinp, P.D., P. W. Pitcher, J. A. Otte, Missionaries.— Revs. D. Rapuije, i\i M.D., A. D. P. Fraser, II. E. Studlcy. itudlcy. Dr. F. T. B. Fest. Assistant Missionaries.— "Mrs. Tatmage, . _e, Mrs. Rannlje, Mrs. Kip, Mrs. Pitcher, Mrs. Otte, Mrs. Feet. Fest. Miss K. M. Tnlmacc, Talmagc, Miss M. E. Talmage, Miss E. M. Cappon, Miss N. Otto, rr_____ __ “i t i-.. . AA ^ n r __ Zwemer, Miss in' M. /C. Morrison, Tktl..*. Miss xt. xN. Duryee. Miss M. *mc M. tVan B. Calkoe NatXve Pastors.— Un g ITo-seng 1st Amo y ; Ti Penff-teng,5d A moy: j ; Keh-ngapit, CMok-be: Tan Kam-choa, Chiang-chiu; _ hiu; Tioh" Tiong In-ii, n-ii. Thian-san.; Thian-san; lap Uan-chiong, II ' ‘ ^ ' Sio-khe; Lim Cbi-scng, Poa-a; ... Khiok. Lam-sin; Ong Ki-sione, O-Kang; lu Ho*sni, Hong-san; Li Ki-che, Tongl-an; Chhoa Keug-hong (withont charge) 12. Native (Unordained)— 24. Regular Preaching Places— WS'. besides “ Douglass Memorial shared by the two Missions (Reformed Church and English Presbyterian). Theological Students. - 8 ~. Teachers of Schools -- 10.. Schools.— School, (supported by the two Missions) popils, 44; of w h o m 22 belong to our Church ; “ The Charlotte W. Duryee School for Wom e n , ” pupils, 49; Sio-khe W o m a n ’s Schooi, pupils, 0 ; Girls'' School. Kolongsu, pupils, 65 ; Amoy, pupils, 32; Sio-khe, pupils, 43; Chiang-chiu, pupils, 26; Parochial, pupils, 205; Primary, Kolongsu, pupils, 51. Total, 507.


!I li A a3 !| II


First A m o y __ Second Amoy. O-Kang (a)... Hong-san (b)... Tong-an (c).... Chioh-be(d).... Chiang-chiu (£) Sio-khe (/).... Thian-san (g).. Poa-a {h).... Lam-sin (i)... . ♦Mission Ch... Total....

s So ■3Ss °




106 152 108 74 168 82 98 164 78 97 55

30 3 7





9 14


1 1


5 3

3 4

8 1

6 "■3 2 1 o 2



3 ....

1 1 g-i 2 5 3 ft 1 .... 7






165 77 91 60 9


S 539 50 720 00 283 50 387 00 390 00 306 79 2 -4 70 864 90 315 80 177 00 159 00 218 20

75 196 80


1 ....



4 .... 4 5




109 150









55 $ 3.343 67 4,362 40 78

$4,586 39



1.188 1,246

77 23 27 158 174 176

44 48

o 16 1,201 6 1,349


235 197 203


22 2,550 125 133 Mx7,706 07


(a) Composed of two congregations, Kang-tan and K\o-thauyand the out-station

Au-nai. ’ (b) Composed of two congregations, Te-soa ami Ang-tng-tau^ and out-stations Te-tau and Chin-be. (c) Gas six out-stations, Poa-tau-chhU To-kio, O-chi, Ng-poa, Au-hi, Ngo-Mankeng. (d) Has one out-station, Hai-teng. {e) Has two out-stations, Ke-nih and Sin-tng. • (/) Sio-khe has three out-stations, Toa-lo-teng. E-che and Peng-ho. (g) Has three out-stations, Leng-soa. Soa-sia, Lam-khi. (h) Has two out-stations. Ab-Ar/ii and Toa-khi. (i) With Ohi-a-be and Gheng-poa forms the CViS-Jam Church. ♦

Under the care of the First ami Second Churches of Amoy.

R E P O R T F O R 1896. “ T h e K i n g d o m of G o d cometh not with observation.” This is the law of growth and development in the spiritual'kingdom, as stated by its divine Founder. B y bearing this in mind, w e may, with s o m e satisfaction, review the w or k of the year that has just closed. If visible results were to be our only consolation, w e might be dis­ couraged. But with this legacy of our blessed Master, w e look beyond “ the things which are seen,” while our minds rest in undisturbed peace on the sure promise of God. T h e Spirit of G o d is evidently at work u po n the hearts of His people. T h e tragedy which occurred at H w a S a n g in 1895, has turned the minds of the people of this province to Christianity as never before. O u r congregations are m u c h larger than last year, and the n u m b e r of inquirers has g r o w n to nearly a thousand. T h e contributions s h o w no decrease, and the churches are pushing on toward self-support with unabated zeal. Signs of Awakening .


T h e year opened with s o m e embarrassment in our ,DS<a n d ftn-ce™” * finances. ^ ut thanks to kind friends at h o m e , this was removed before the year w a s half over. Still, in our whole history, perhaps, w e never felt so cramped. W e have had to exercise most rigid economy, so rigid in fact that t/ie Work has suffered, because there was no allowance for growth. W e were most happy to welcome, a m o n g our n u m b e r in the Fall, Rev. and Mrs. J. A. Otte, M . D. (returned), Rev. H. E. Studley, Miss M . M . von B. Calkoen a n d Dr. and Mrs. F. T. B. Fest. W i t h this addition to our force, w e take u p the work with renewed strength in these vast territories. But what are w e a m o n g so m a n y ? T he se “ vast territories ” are by no m e a n s yet occupied. W e need as m a n y m or e in the Fall of 1897. Please send us three men, with their wives if possible. This is urgent.


Rev. D. Rapalje, Missionary in charge. T h e two A m o y churches have maintained their S u n day and week-day services with a g oo d degree of effi­ ciency. A n evangelist, whose support c a m e mostly from the church, has assisted Pastor U n g - H o - S e n g , at the First Church. His work w a s to preach to the people who, from curiosity or other motive, c a m e in from the street, and also to g o hither and thither in the city selling tracts. T h e m e m b e r s of the t w o churches continue to support the outstation at Pon-bo, where four additional communicants were received during the year. Evangelistic Churches.

T h e services in the Douglas Church, on Kolongsu, have teen kept u p as heretofore by the English Presbyterian Mission a nd ourselves. T h e attendants are principally pupils from the various schools. T h e pupils are n o w so n um er ou s that the church building is barely large enough to a c c o m m o d a t e them. T h e O - K a n g Church, on A m o y Island, is still under the pastoral care of Rev. O n g Ki-siong. His parish is large, an d he has been assisted by three preachers, all supported by the Mission. O n e n e w station has been opened (supported by private funds). A Church Full of Students.


Rev. D . Rapalje, Missionary in charge. ' „ Chioh-bd reports a prosperous year. There has been encouragements , , , . . a n d Difficulties. m or e encouragement than heretofore at the Hai-teng outstation. T h e w or k of the church has not’ been carried on without opposition from the heathen. ' Chiang-chiu does not m a k e m u c h progress. O n e out-station has been closed and another opened in its place. M a n y of the church m e m b e r s hold loose views as to the sacredness of the Lord's Day, and fail to attend the ser­ vices regularly. • T h e R o m a n Catholics have been specially active in the Chiang-chiu dis­ trict, and have hindered our w or k by preaching a Gospel that does not require the entire renunciation of heathenism. T h e n e w church at Thianpo is completed, and the pastor’s house is also nearly ready. T h e pastor has been greatly afflicted in the death of his wife. W e rejoice that by the kindness of friends at home, a n e w chapel will, before long, be provided for the congregation at Leng-soa (in connection with this church). . TONG-AN DISTRICT.

Rev. P. W . Pitcher, Missionary in charge. A no th er year of prosperity is added to the history of this church. Looking back over the past five years, one cannot help noting the remarkable progress of this organization. O n m y first visit to the place, m o r e than ten years ago, I w a s impressed with its forlorn condition and poor accommodations. This is all changed now, and at present w e think of T o n g - a n as the most prosperous of all the churches. T e n years ago the congregations were indeed small, even five years ago they were not large. But n o w probably no less then sevenhundred people meet every S un da y in the churches connected with this organization. There are three hundred inquirers studying the “ doctrine.” Thirty n e w m e m b e r s were received on confession of faith during the past year. Eight were received by letter. A t the last c o m m u n i o n service fourteen adults were baptised a nd wel co me d to the table of the Lord for the first time. A m o n g

the n u m b e r were m e n nearly seventy years of age, and to m e it is always i m ­ pressive w h e n m e n so far advanced in life, especially in China, turn their faces against their old beliefs and set t he m heavenward, both by confessing and professing faith in the L or d Jesus Christ. '

We a'S0 ^ounc' tliat t*le ev'' 0P m m culture is st'^ endangering the spiritual life of the church. It is a growing evil, and w e have to recognize it. It is a greater evil to-day than it was ten years ago, and a greater evil about here than it w a s five years ago, simply because the people are cultivating it t h e m ­ selves. It is a fearful curse, and the insidious w a y in which it has entered the church is alarming, to say the least. Both Classis and S yn od have spoken strongly on the subject but, for s o m e reason, the consistories fail to see the danger. T h e case stands thus. A n estate controlled by heads of families, w h o are not Christians, propose to raise, and do raise o p i u m o n its land. T h e profits of farming m u s t - b e divided a m o n g the children for the support of their families, and as nothing else is raised, this is the only , m e a n s of support. Suppose, now, that one of'these sons becomes a Chris­ tian and enters the church, h o w is he to be dealt with? C a n the church con­ tinue to receive such converts? W o u l d not such action both tend to encour­ age the growth of o p i u m and eventually destroy the influence of the church ? Opium Growing.

T h e parochial school connected with this church has , , , . , had an unusually successful year, under the care ot lu-tiok, a last year's graduate of the B o y s ’ Academy. F r o m a small school of eight or ten boys, it has bec om e a school of nearly forty lads. In-tiok has had a splendid influence over the boys, taking a special interest in each one, and looking after t he m in such a way.that he has endeared himself to natives a n d foreigners alike. Miss Duryee and Miss Z w e m e r each taught two forenoons a w e e k in this school. Flourishing School.

T h e out-stations connected with T o n g - a n are To kio. o'-chi, Au-iu, Poa-thnn-chhi, Ng-poa a nd Ngo-hiankeng. W i t h the exception of To-kio there has been but little progress made. Ng-chi w a s a ba nd on ed in October or, m o r e precisely, perhaps, the people in those parts a ba nd on ed it. O u t stations.

. W o r k w a s b eg un at Ngo-hian-keng, the financial support of the s a m e being furnished by an individual of the Mission, as the Mission did not see its w a y clear at the time to provide the money. Everything started off very auspiciously and satisfactorily, as the people seemed intensely interested. T h e work, however, had n o m o r e than fairly beg un w h e n the family which was the most enthusiastic in carrying it on, w as stricken with the 4i plague,” which has been .marching through this region from A m o y southward a nd northward. This whole family, I believe, fell victims to its ravages. Its curse remained behind. For the people of that village, in their blind superstition and ignor­ ance, looked u po n if as a sign of dreadful anger on the part of their deities, a n d as a warning that, unless they resisted this n e w doctrine, a similar calamBlighted Prospects.

ity would be visited u po n them. U p to the present time w or k has almost ceased. T h e chape! is shunned .by the heathen as though it w as the plague itself. M o s t encouraging has been the w or k at To-kio. T h e congregation outgrew the seating capacity of the cliurch — " T h e Jones Memorial ”— and took it u po n themselves to enlarge it. T h e y n o w have a greatly enlarged edifice, capable of seating three hundred and fifty people. T h e last Sabbath I was there, a rainy day, fully two hundred and fifty people were present. T h e congregation is usually quite as large as that of the mother church. It is quite likely that in the near future this branch of the T on g- an church will b e c o m e a separate organization. In fact, the people are n o w agitating the question of calling a pastor. T h r o u g h the kindness of a m e m b e r of the Mission, three hundred dollars were given to build a house for the preacher at To-kio. This, in addition to s o m e funds furnished by the people themselves, has provided a nice little parsonage. G r o w t h at To-kio.


T h e condition of this church remains about the same. There has b e e n ' n o mar ke d advancement. O nl y five were received on confession and two by certificate. But the loss by death and removals about equals the increase. T h e net gain is only one. T h e church reports over one hundred inquirers. There are four chapels connected with1 the organization, viz.: one each at Te-soa, Angtung than, Te-thau and Chin-bt!. Hoag-San Church.

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Te-thau chapel probably has been better attended than . . , .. , any of them, and the work seems most promising here.. Chin-be is a n e w outstation just opened, but what success or failure will attend the w or k here must be written another time. T h e parochial school, in connection with this church, has been a most lamentable failure this year, or .perhaps w e should rather apply these words to the teacher, for he has just allowed the school to go to ruin. T h e church reports twenty scholars, but w h e n I went to examine the school at the end of the year only five were present. Out-stations.


Rev. L. W . Kip, D. D., Missionary in charge. . In beginning the report of the past year, w e would record the divine goodness that has kept us in peace a n d safety as w e have g on e in and out a m o n g this people, and have been everywhere well received, with the G o s ­ pel message willingly listened to. W e begin with the Sio-khe Church. Although,the church has been is well-filled. T h o u g h the n u m b e r of inquirers is' about one hundred, but six have been received, showing the care that must be exercised to admit only .those w h o give evidence of change of heart. A large n u m b e r read the Scriptures in the Colloquial, which is a great help in the Christian life. A Hopeful Field.

During the year, the pastor, lap Sian-si has met with a heavy loss in the death of his beloved wife ; a loss not to h i m alone, but to all the w o m e n of the church. But he has had divine help in this trouble, and c a m e through it with faith in G o d a n d zeal for His cause. (The chapels connected with this station have nearly all been well attended and give promise of growth). . T h e chapel that used to be at Soapi, o n the “ hillside,” has been exchanged for a building by the side of the main road to Poa-a and Lamsin. S o it not only provides for Sabbath services, which are wel 'lattended, but, with door open to the road, invites m e n to c o m e in and hear the W o r d . Ng-chi also is well attended, s o m e of the hearers c om in g from quite a distance. I spent a recent S un da y there, and was pleased with the heartiness of the service. I wish I could say the s am e for E-che and Peng-ho. B ut n o w that w e haVe preachers appointed for both places w e hope, by the divine blessing, to have a different state of affairs. T h e Lam-sin church is well attended, a n d under the pastor’s care the m e m b e r s are drilled in* Bible knowledge, and so are growing in grace. I cannot but feel that the progress in the churches here depends largely on the purposes and aims of the church at home. W h e n the home'church says to its missionaries, “ W e cannot extend your work, but must be content with what you already have,” what can w e expect ? It w as for the H o l y Spirit to tell Paul not to work in Asia, but n o w the church tells us not to w o r k in Go-hang, nor Toa-lo-khe nor Ma-hi, places that are calling for the Gospel. But let the church c o m e u p to the opportunity a nd let nothing be lacking, either of prayer or gifts, a n d the w i n d o w s of H e a v e n would be opened and the desert would rejoice a n d blossom as the rose. M a y the Lord hasten that day. w o m e n ’s e v a n g e l i s t i c w o r k


Miss M . E. T a l m a g e writes of the A m o y District; T h e weekly meetings for w o m e n have been held as usual in the A m o y Churches. W e e k l y visits have also been m a d e to the hospital in A m o y , (supported by the community), w he re w e have met several interesting cases, and w e trust m or e than a few w h o have heard the Gospel for the first time. These are daily praying to G o d in their o w n homes, and trying to live u p to the little light they have. T h e following is an example of h o w little that light sometimes is. O n e w o m a n w h o became interested in the Gospel, and has been attending church for several Sundays past, told us that w h e n she decided to worship God, she went to all the idols that she had been accustomed to worship, to say g oo d bye to t he m and to inform them that she w as not going to worship them any more. ' A few of the w o m e n , while in the hospital, have learned to read. O n e y ou ng w o m a n said that w h e n she went h o m e her husband took a w a y her Hospital Visits.

Testament a nd other books. She cried and prayed about the matter until her husband relented a nd returned the books to her. ' Tiie w or k of visiting country stations has gone on m u c h as in the past years. W i t h the exception of the three or four s u m m e r months, w h e n it is too w a r m to m a k e such trips, w e try to spend most of our Sundays at outstations, teaching the w o m e n w h o c o m e to church. Often w e are a w a y for several days visiting the Christian families or n e w hearers in the villages near these stations. In this w a y w e can b e c o m e personally acquainted with most of the Christians. Country Trips


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W h e n on these country trips, w e have lately been - l l j specially struck by the increase in the gro wt h a n d use of opium. In m a n y districts the whole country, w h e n the poppies are in blossom, is one i m m e n s e gorgeous flower garden, but underneath all the glory hides death. In one village lately visited, the pastor told us that seven out of every ten of the inhabitants s m o k e d opium. Almost without exception the chair-bearers w e hire on these trips are ragged, forlorn men, because slaves to opium. O nl y on the last country trip w e made, w h e n passing an o p i u m field in blossom, one of the chair-bearers said to the other, “ T ha t field is far in advance of the others." W e asked, “ W h y d o your people plant it? It is poison.” H e answered, “ Misery 1 misery ! I used to be a respectable captain on a junk running to Foo ch ow . I got ill there, and took o p i u m as medicine, and n o w the habit is fastened u p o n m e so that I can’t break it. I used to s m o k e thirty cash a day, n o w I s m o k e one h u n ­ dred w h e n I can earn eno ug h carrying chairs. I have no clothes, and a m a s h am ed to g o home. M y wife and children think I a m dead, and m a k e rice offerings to m y spirit.” W e meet this o p i u m curse everywhere. In one day w e heard of two cases in families in which w e have for s o m e time been interested. O n e w a s o f , a y o u n g w o m a n w h o quarreled with her husband, an d took o p i u m to spite him. W i t h great effort her life w a s saved. T h e other case w as of a child one year old, who, in playing, swallowed s o m e of her father’s morphia pills. H e has used o p i u m fora long time. T h e child died a few hours after eating the pills. . T h e Children’s H o m e has flourished. Seven children Children’s were received last year, m a k i n g the present n u m b e r Home. thirty-five. W e wish to thank very heartily the friends w h o have sent dolls, scrap­ books, bags, caps, etc., to our schools a n d Children’s H o m e . These gifts were greatly appreciated by the children. T h e Opium, Curse.


Miss C a p p o n writes : C o m i n g u p from A m o y by “ Gospel boat” with a H o p e for good wind, in three or four hours, w e arrive at HaiHai-teng. teng, a district city. Outside the city walls, but in a busy street, w e have a little chapel. W o r k is done by a preacher stationed

there, helped b y the pastor and brethren of the Chioh-be Church. For a n u m b e r of years it w a s but a time of seed sowing in seemingly not fertile soil, but I Cor. xv: 58, has again been verified. First s o m e m e n c a m e to church, but within the last year s o m e w o m e n also, a n d two girls have promised to g o to school next year. A s soon as w e can get the w o m e n and girls to attend the schools and be instructed in Bible truths, w e can hope for a church to grow.

o Three miles further u p the river, w e c o m e to ChiohFaithful be. Abo ut thirty w o m e n c o m e to church. A large Women. portion of them are able to read the R om a n i z e d colloquial, and consequently are more intelligent. It's always a pleasure to have a meeting with them, for they are able to answer questions. Friday afternoons they hold a w o m a n ’s meeting, the sisters taking turns in conduct­ ing it. There are a few n e w hearers, but w e have lost s o m e by the plague; leaving the n u m b e r about the same. T e n miles further u p the river is Chiang-Chiu. W e rejoice in having welcomed several n e w hearers. W e e k l y meetings have been held every W e d n e s d a y afternoon, the w o m e n taking turn in leading. After the meeting the n e w w o m e n stay for an hour or more, to learn the hymns, while the older w o m e n go out with the purpose of entering heathen homes, to tell the Glad Tidings. T h e Bible w o m a n has done faithful work. She has m e t with sorrow. H e r daughter-in-law died of the plague, a nd she herself has beer, ill for several months. For a time w e despaired of her recovery, but going to her old h o m e o n the mountains, at Tiong li-jiti, she has nearly regained her former strength, and at present is doing good w or k there. In a few weeks w e hope to have her back here again, for she is a great help in going about o the city. She k n o w s all the streets and narrow alleys, and always succeeds in finding the h o m e s of the n e w hearers. Chiang’Chiu.

S hool T h e school has grown. Last year w e reported eight ’ pupils. -This year twenty-six have been to read, five of t he m w o m e n . M o s t all the girls c o m e from Christian families. T w o day pupils, daughters of a secretary to one of the mandarins, have been faithful in school and church attendance, a n d w e trust the influence of the school will be felt for good, not only to the pupils, but in the families they represent. S u n d a y evenings a Bible reading w as held in the school for the benefit of the pupils a n d the w o m e n living near. W e studied the Acts of the Apostles. Before the afternoon services on Sunday, usually a meeting was held for the w o m e n . A t the close of the year the church is not as prosperous as at the begin­ ning, o wing to the pastor and consistory not working in harmony, which necessarily must have a detrimental effect on the spiritual life of the church.

O ur n e w station opened in place of Chhoa-poan is very encouraging. T h e house rented for chapel purposes is well filled every Sunday. All the w o m e n are hearers but one, and need a great deal of teaching. Every S u n d a y one or two of the Chiang-Chiu sisters g o there during the services to s h o w t he m h o w to sit quietly and listen, and between the services teach a n d explain the h y m n s . N e x t year w e hope to have a Bible w o m a n stationed there. A N e w Out station.

O u r other station, Ke-nih, is not so encouraging.

N o new women.

Nearly a three hours’ chair ride brings us to Thian’ po. This year has been mar ke d by the building of the n e w church. It is a plain, neat building, with the screen d o w n the middle, giving the w o m e n as good a place as the men. In the old building, the sisters sat back of the pulpit, and so screened, they cannot even see the back of the minister’s head. A s the result, very few of t he m listened attentively. M o r e often w e saw t h e m playing with their babies or talking together ; n o w they are in a position to see the preacher, and can be seen by h i m — certainly a great step forward, and w e hope to see visible results. A m sorry to say their joy is tempered by the loss of the pastor’s wife, w h o died a few weeks ago. S h e always took an interest in the church, a n d w as exceedingly kind to the w o m e n . T hi an po has three out-stations. T h e nearest, Soan-sia, about six hours’ chair ride from Thian-po. T h e church has g r o w n — a large n u m b e r of n e w hearers— but they are all men. Perhaps s o m e will say, w h y do they not bring their families? It is not because they take no interest, for w e k n o w they teach their wives a n d daughters; but most of t he m live seven a n d eight miles away, too far for bound-footed w o m e n to walk. In the near future w e hope to be able to open a preaching place, giving the w o m e n an opportunity to enjoy church privileges. Thian p o

Leng soa is about eight and a half hours’ chair ride from Thian-po. 0

A s yet not m a n y w o m e n attend, but w h e n the n e w church is built in the larger village, m or e will come, w e trust. W h e n visiting this station, w e hold cottage meetings, a nd a lot of w o m e n attend. O w i n g to the distance, w e cannot visit this place as often as w e would like. A day and a half chair ride from Leng-soa brings us to our compara­ tively n e w station, Tong-li-jiu. T h e road is along a river bank, and the latter part is very steep climbing. M o r e w o m e n attend here; and in all this region there is a very good sopportunity for sowing the seed. T h e people are ready to hear, and favorably inclined towards Christianity. Several have had to endure persecutions from their heathen relations and neighbors. T h e preacher’s wife (an old school girl) is doing what she can in teach­ ing the w o m e n to read. All these stations have been visited, the near ones m a n y times. O n the long trips, Miss K . M . T a l m a g e accompanied me, not only going to the churches but the h o m e s as well, s o m e brother or sister leading us from village to village. W e usually prefer having a brother g o with us, for the sisters with their b o u n d feet walk so slowly.


T h e influence of the Gospel is seen in this direction. S'a<^ to 156 a b 'e to report that this year seven w o m e n in this region have u n b o u n d their feet, two of t he m nearly fifty years old. T h e y both belong to the Thian-po Church. Also four y o u n g w o m e n , w h o have attended the w o m a n ’s school. These six have had special advantages, a n d profited thereby; but one w o m a n , a n e w hearer in Chiang Chiu Church, has done the same. I w a s greatly surprised to see this, for I k n e w no one had spoken to her about unbinding. She has such a hard time c om in g to church at all, for her husband is very m u c h opposed. W h e n she c om es she does so secretly. O n seeing her feet unbound, I said to her, “ I a m so glad to see you have u n b o u n d your feet.” She answered, “ Yes, I w an t to be a Christian and do what is right.” Please pray for the work, a nd the multitudes in this large region still without the knowledge of Christ. t Unbound.

1a m


Miss Z w e m e r writes : 'ast year, a w o m a n ’s class was held twice this year. T o this class w e admit any w o m a n or girl w h o wished to learn to read or to understand the “ to li ” (doctrine) better. Perhaps s o m e c o m e for other reasons, but ail applied themselves most diligently to their books, and were very attentive at the mor ni ng and evening Bible lessons. W e hope all w h o c o m e have learned to understand at least a little of the w a y of salvation, an d w e trust s o m e have learned to k n o w Christ as their o w n Saviour. W e enrolled nearly forty each term, but s o m e could stay but a few days or weeks, so the average attendance has been only twenty. Nearly all of those w h o read with us two terms can read the Bible now. W e e k l y meetings were held at this church and the To-kio chapel, which were well attended. W h e n w e were a w a y the preachers wives and others Christian w o m e n led these meetings. T h e n u m b e r of w o m e n attending these services at this church has been very large the past year. Every w ee k almost n e w hearers came, in teaching w h o m w e were greatly aided by the Christian w o m e n of the church. Tong A n

A t To-kio there have not been so m a n y n e w hearers added, but severel w o m e n joined the church', an d a n u m b e r from this station attended our class during the year. To-klo.

F r o m 0-Chi, too, w e had. several pupils. M o s t of the w o m e n attending this chapel are quite recent hearers, and still very ignorant, but one united with the church a few mon th s ago, and others are inquirers. T h e A u-iu w o m e n have been greatly helped by a ’ former pupil of our class, a widow, w h o studied with us only about four weeks, but w h o was so diligent, and w h o kept u p her reading so faithfully after returning to her home, that she can n o w read well any

book in the R om an iz ed colloquial. Every S un da y she spends the time between services, teaching the w o m e n . Largely through her instrumental ability, eight w o m e n and a girl from this station c o m e to our class, a n d the place w a s only opened last February. . Ngo-Hian-Keng is another outstation, opened during this year with great promise, but three of the most earn­ est m e m b e r s died of the plague, and others failed in • business and had to leave. S o the heathen have rather lost faith in the n e w doctrine, and few n e w hearers came, and s o m e w h o used to c o m e have not c o m e lately. Still about ten w o m e n and girls attend quite regularly, and the place is often visited by us during the w ee k as well as on Sunday. Ngo-HhinKeag.

Poa Thau Chhl

Poa-Thau-Chhi. another outstation of Tong-an, is a long day’s journey from here It is one of our oldest outstations, but has not flourished recently. There has been no preacher stationed there this year, but a faithful old Chapel keeper endeavors to keep u p the Sabbath Services. It is difficult to get the w o m e n out to church. T h e Chapel keeper’s wife is the only w o m a n w h o attends services. She is very ignorant, but wants to learn, and has promised to go to the W o m a n ’s School in A m o y next term. Miss T a l m a g e and I visited this station in October. W e found the w o m e n w e went to see in their h o m e s very willing to listen, and s o m e c a m e to an evening service. W e think the w or k there very promising if only the right sort of m e n and w o m e n could be sent to d o it. A s far as willingness to listen to the message is concerned, everywhere the fields are white unto harvest, but the laborers, both foreign a n d native, are so few. SIO K H E DISTRICT.

Mrs. K i p writes : QMS’


There have been forty-three different n a m e s on the roll of the Girls’ School during the past year, but only about thirty each term, and the average daily attendance

not quite that. N o changes have been m a d e in the course of study, and there - is nothing special to report. O u r teacher, w h o had been obliged to stay out one term, c a m e back at the beginning of the year, and w e were very glad to have her once more. A s her husband has just b'een appointed preacher at Toa-lo-teng, only a few miles from Sio-Khe, w e hope to keep her with us. T h e W o m a n ’s School w as not opened in the Spring, as there seemed no w o m e n ready to come,’ but as the teacher was thus left free to do Bible W o m a n ’s w or k in the outstations, w e did not regret it. This A u t u m n w e had six w o m e n studying, which is all that w e can find r oo m for in the building w e are using at present. If w e could have taken them, there were others ready to come. W e are n o w trying to rent a larger house, so that w e need not turn a w a y w o m e n for the w an t of room. W o m a n ’s School-

T h e meetings for w o m e n , on Sundays and Wednesdays, have been kept u p as usual, and visits to the out-stations a n d villages as there has been time and opportunity. . _

T h e Sio-Khe Church met with a great loss in the death r „ of Pastor laps wife, w h o died last August. She w a s a ' noble Christian w o m a n , and w e feel that her loss is irre­ parable to us. In every difficulty she was the one 'to w h o m w e turned, k n o w i n g w e could safely depend on her excellent judgment for advice. W e have no one to take her place, for as those w h o read the tribute to her in the " Christian inlr'lhg^ncfrcan understand, she was a remarkable w o m a n . She is an example of what the grace of G o d can do for a Christian w o m a n > a n d it should encourage us to faithful effort for the w o m e n and girls, k n o w ­ ing that G o d can bless our labors, and raise up others from those n o w in our schools to be as useful as she was. A


Rema r k a b l e Woman.


Rev. W m . McGregor, (E.P.), ) in c/ Rev. D. Rapalje, f


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Rev. D. Rapalje writes : Eight y o u n g m e n from our Mission attended the Theological School last year. This school is under the direction of the E. P. Mission. Rev. W m . M c G r e g o r taught Old und N e w Testament Exegesis and Systematic T h e o l o g y . H e also had classes in Mathematics. A native teacher gave instruction in the Chinese language. Mr. Rapalje met with the y o u n g m e n twice a w e e k for analysis of texts, and the delivery of sermons. " boys’ a c a d e m y

Rev. P W . Pitcher, in charge. A n g Khek-chhiong, TauChhun-peng [ native assistants.


T h e first term opened o n February 27th, with an entertaining class of fourteen, m a k i n g a total enrollment of forty-four students. T h e term's work w a s brought to a close on the 26th of June, the pupils having passed satis­ factory examinations in all branches of study pursued. T h e second term opened on Sept. 22d, with a total enrollment of thirtyseven. T h e reasons for this reduced n u m b e r were that two b e c a m e medical students, one entered business, one went abroad, one broke d o w n in health, one was dismissed, one died. W e weie very sorry to lose so m a n y before they had completed their course, but there seemed n o w a y to avoid it. ■ T h e y o u n g m a n w h o died (of plague) during the S u m m e r vacation at his home, w e believe was a Christian. H e w as a m e m b e r of the Oa-hai Church, and an active m e m b e r of the Y. P. S. C. E. S o w e have.every reason to hope that he has been welcomed into the “ m a n y man si on s ” above.

O n the whole, the behavior of the boys has been creditable. O nl y on one occasion were w e obliged to inflict severe punishment b y h e expulsion of one of the number. W e hope it will have a salutary effect u p o n the whole school. , ..

T h e Y. P. S. C. E. continues to flourish, and to exert ......... . , , ' a declcled spiritual influence, not only u po n those c on ­ nected with it, but u po n all the pupils. T o foster this organization and increase its power, has been our prayerful concern. While w e cannot increase to any great extent in n u m b e r s yet w e believe that the m e m b e r s of the Society have g r o w n in grace, and in Christian discipleship. A n d this object w e endeavor always to impress u po n t he m is the grand aim and purpose of the Society. Thirty of the students are church members, a n d are active m e m b e r s of the Society. Christian Endeavor.

T h e past year w e have given m or e attention to the physical training of these lads than ever before. A n d w e are greatly indebted to Rev. H . E. Studley for his kind assistance in this very important branch of the work. Every m orning during the last term, excepting Saturdays a n d Sundays, at half-past six, the school was divided into two sections, and put through a half hour of light gymnastics, or dumb-bell exercises. This not only ensures bodily exercise, which is absolutely necessary, but inculcates habits of early rising a n d united action. W h e t h e r this accounts for better health, w e do not absolutely know, but w e believe it does. Certain it is that the health of the boys has never been so good. In laying the foundation of knowledge in the minds of these lads, our effort has been also to impress u po n them the need of punctuality, order, honesty, faithfulness and cleanliness. A n d while w e must acknowledge that it has been a constant struggle against inbred custom to do otherwise, w e believe that the continued application of these principles has not only had s o m e effect upon these boys, but will exert a lasting influence u p o n those w h o c o m e after them. . Physical


T h e second term closed on the 14th of January. T h e graduating exercises occurred in the evening of this date. There were nine in the graduating class. T w o of the n u m b e r read essays, one entitled : “ T h e Superstitions of China, and H o w T h e y M a y be Destroyed,” and the other: “ T h e Motive P o w e r in a Christian Life,” both showing m u c h thoughtfulness and care in prepara­ tion. A s w e listened w e felt that, not only had the days spent in the school been well employed, but that such minds, impressed with the truths there expressed, must have s o m e influence in shaping the destiny of this nation by doing m u c h in tearing d o w n false systems a nd building u p the k i n g d o m of righteousness. Diplomas were presented to the graduates, certifying to their faithful­ ness, diligence, and progress m a d e in the prescribed course of four years. Exercises

Christian Education *^ne cannot '5e enS aS ecl >n this w or k without being Needed. convinced that the curse of this nation is its ignorance, * and that the one thing that is anchoring it to the past a n d to its errors, is their o w n boasted system of education, which consists, for the most part, of Confucian lore. W e believe that only w h e n these chains are severed can w e hope for universal improvement. What, then, can shatter these bonds? W e k n o w of nothing beyond the power of a Christian education. • W e tern Science introduced

^ ma^ notec* that within the past few years— three at: t*le m °st— the influence of Western education has induced the officials to introduce a n e w branch of study ' into their ancient system, viz : mathematics, which is bec om in g a most popular study in this part of China. A t the last Prefectural examination, held a few mon th s ago at Chiang-Chiu, a y o u n g lad connected with our Chiang-Chiu Church received his degree (A.B.), principally on account of his clear demonstration of a problem in simple arithmetic. It is also interesting to note that this y o u n g m a n received most of his mathematical training in the parochial school connected with the church. A s a result of this examination, there has arisen a greater d e m a n d than ever in the city of Chiang-Chiu for instruction in mathematics, and at the s am e time attention has been d ra wn to the fact that even Christian schools can furnish m e n capable of winning coveted prizes. CHARLOTTE DURY E E W O M A N ’S SCHOOL.

Mrs. J. V. N. Talmage, in charge. A s w e review the past year w e have very m u c h for which to be thankful. W it h small exception all have been kept in health. ■ There have been forty-nine w o m e n in the school for a longer of shorter period, and twenty-eight of these were n e w pupils. Their ages varied from sixteen to sixty-eight, and the majority learned to read.' A s a rule, w e do not take scholars over sixty years of age, but w e have had two during the year, one each term. T h e first w o m a n was from Oa-hai. She had very little knowledge of the truth w h e n she c a m e to the school, as she had only recently given u p the worship of idols. She could not learn to read, but learned a few h y m n s by heart, and- listened well w h e n told s o m e Bible story. W e thought her sincere, a nd have been encouraged to hear that she has been living a consistent life, and tries to do what she can to lead others to Christ. O n e night, after returning from the school, she was sleeping with one of the “ sisters” of the Oa-hai Church, and in the night she said to this “ sister,” “ T h e teacher in the W o m a n ' s School said w e must all sow seed, and to-morrow I must try and see what I can do." She is very poor, and by becoming a Christian, has been cast off by those whose duty it is to support her. - H e r n a m e is Khiu, which m e a n s willing. I think the “ Willing Workers ” m a y claim her as one of their n u m b e r and r e m e m b e r her in their prayers. T h e other old w o m a n was from a station not far from Te-soa, an d her

n a m e is C h o a ( fountain). She had learned the alphabet before coming d o w n to school. H e r family w a s opposed to her c o m i n g on account of her age, but she w a s anxious to learn to read, a nd c a m e notwithstanding the opposition. She had only been in school three days when, in going d o w n stairs, she fell and hurt her back, so she w as laid u p for several weeks. She could not study,so she went h o m e with a lame back and without k n o w i n g h o w to read. She did try to learn, but her m e m o r y w a s very poor. Notwithstanding her fall a nd failure to learn to read, I trust she did get s o m e benefit from the Bible classes she attended. M o s t of the w o m e n m a d e very satisfactory progress, an d on the S u n d a y before Christmas one w o m a n was received into the church at Phoa-bo, where she lives. She is a widow, and is c om in g next year to help teach and learn m or e of the doctrine. . Perhaps in time she m a y be employed as a Bible w o m a n , as she is of a suitable age. H e r son (a grown-up lad) was in the Primary School for a term, and learned to read the R o m a n i z e d colloquial. H e has since at h o m e been studious, and has c o m m e n c e d to study “ character,” by the use of Dr. Talm a g e ’s Dictionary. H e was received into the church with his mother. A younger brother is taking the regular course in the Primary School. T w o of the w o m e n are to be employed as Bible w o m e n . O n e by the E. P. Mission and one by Miss Cappon. T h e latter is the w i d o w of an elder in the Thian-po Church, and has been two terms in the school. She is an interesting w o m a n , and I hope m a y be successful in interesting others, and bringing t he m to a knowledge of the truth as it is in Jesus. It is difficult to get the right kind of w o m e n , of suitable age, to go about from place to place. Pray for us that w e m a y have needed w i s d o m in selecting and training w o m e n for this work. Bi-so, the teacher a n d matron, is a real treasure. She teaches well, and m an ag es with ability. T H E “ C H U R C H MESSENGER.”

Over Soo copies are printed each month, and w e trust it is in m a n y ways helpful to the native. Christians. , 0 GIRLS\ SCHOOL AMOY.

Miss M . E. Talmage, in charge : W e have had during the past year in the Girls’ Boarding School, on Kolongsu, sixty-five pupils on -the roll, a nd in the t w o girls’ day schools in A m o y , thirty-two pupils, m a k i n g ninety-seven pupils under instruction, with an average attendence of about eighty. T h e total expense for running these three schools for the year was $766 silver. W e are thankful to G o d for putting into the hearts of so m a n y parents the willingness to allow their girls to attend school. Trying to persuade

parents to permit their girls to study is usually very u p hill work in a land like this, where w o m e n are not considered worth educating. W e are also very thankful to G o d for the advancement most of there pupils have m a d e in their studies, and also for the general health in the schools. W e have had but little illness, although the “ plague” has been doing its deadly work, carrying hundreds, in A m o y and surrounding districts, to their graves. Dur in g the s u m m e r vacation, at her o w n home, one of our brightest girls was suddenly stricken d o w n by this epidemic. Although she w a s not a church mem be r, w e have reason to hope that she w a s trying to follow her Saviour. T h e close attention she paid to the Bible lessons the last weeks before school closed w a s specially 'marked. Another of the older girls developed hasty consumption and also died at her h o m e during the s u m m e r vacation. She w a s to have united with the church the Sun da y following the day she died, but G o d was pleased to receive her into closer c o m m u n i o n with Himself. O n e little girl of eleven c a m e to the boarding school last year and was there through the spring term of this year. She learned to read quickly and w as very happy in school. H e r mother had been attending church for a year, a n d w a s in the W o m a n ' s School for a short time. But her father, w h o is an o pi um smoker, hates Christianity, a nd has forbidden his child to c o m e back to school, or any of his family to attend church. W h e n she returned h o m e for the s u m m e r vacation, o n Sun da y mor ni ng she dressed herself in her best planning to g o to church, but her father beat her and kept her at home. She felt m u c h disappointed that she could not attend church. W e visited her village s o m e months ago, and found her seriously ill with fever, lying in a dark, cheerless, grimy room, with a m u d floor. H e r brother w a s ill in the s a m e room. S o m e weeks after that w e visited her again and still found her very seriously ill, though w e have since heard that she is better. H e r father, fearing that she would die in the r o o m with his son, had her m o v e d out into a still m o r e comfortless room, where she was lying unconcious, on a sort of a low cupboard, there being no bed in the room, with a filthy cotton covering over her, and dirt in actual heaps about her. H e r mother told us the father h a d been very cruel to her because she wished to go to school and to church, a nd that she had said to him, “ Y o u have fed and helped m e for so long, and n o w you cast m e off." T h e mother showed us one of their idols with a broken head, and said that w h e n her daughter c a m e h o m e the first vacation from school, she knocked off its head, saying it was of n o use. _ This child and her family need our prayers. ■ A pupil in one of the girls’ day schools, after learning to read herself, taught her married sister at h o m e to read. Another, a child of six, tried to teach a heathen w o m a n , w h o called in at their home, a nd read to her one of the h y m n s learned in school, and so interested her that she c a m e to church the following S un da y to hear m o r e of the “ doctrine.” “ E v e n a child shall lead them.” . In one of these day schools is h u n g a m o n e y box, into which the child­ ren put their spare cash to help on Christian work. A t the close of the term

the box w as opened a n d four hundred a n d forty-three cash were counted, which for t h e m was a large sum. ' boys’ pr i m a r y

s c h o o l ,k o l o n g s u .

Miss K . M . Talmage, in charge. Li Chhun-hiong, native assistant. W e have fifty-one pupils, with an average attendance of forty, m o r e than half of w h o m are boarders. This last term, the boys, at their o w n sugges­ tion, began a prayer meeting, leading it in turn. T h e y were active in taking; part, a n d seemed to have a real interest in it. O n e of the boys united with' the church last c o m m u n i o n . O u r one great aim in these schools is to give: the pupils a g o o d understanding of the W o r d of God, not only that they might love H i m better themselves, but that each one might have a part ini the great work of bringing heathen China to Christ. PAROCHIAL SCHOOLS.

Parochial Schools have been maintained at A m o y (2),.Te-soa, A n g tung-thau, Tong-an, Chioh-be, Chiang-Chiu, Sio-Khe, Poa-a an d Lam-sin. T h e churches have contributed m o r e this year than ever before for the sup­ port of these schools, a n d w e hope will press towards self-support as fast as possible. MEDICAL WORK.

Dr. J. A. Otte, writes : H o p e Hospital has not yet been begun, so at this date, it is impossible to give a report of any w o r k accomplished. W h e n w e reached A m o y , not long ago, w e m e t with several disappoint, ments. First: during our absence from the field, the price of building materials had increased one-third. Hence, it is impossible to build as large a building as w e had at first contemplated, a nd support the w or k as long as w e had intended to for the m o n e y contributed by the friends at home. Second: the Tek-chhiu-kha site, purchased last year, always rather insanitary,, but otherwise very well located, is near the centre of- the plague district. A s it is probable that the plague will not soon be stamped out, it has been decided that, if possible, another site for the main hospital should be pro­ cured. Third: after careful investigation it has been discovered that it would be very difficult to obtain a g oo d foundation o n the Tek-chhiu-kha site without driving piles, a n d this would cost a great deal of mon ey . T h e Mission, therefore, have determined to reserve the old Tek-chhiukha site building for dispensary purposes, a nd to build the m ai n hospital elsewhere. A piece of land for this purpose has already been obtained, but as the deeds have not yet been stamped by the officials, w e are not absolutely certain that w c will be allowed to take possession. , A s soon as the deeds are stamped, w e will begin building at once, a nd then, if sufficient m o n e y for the purpose can be obtained from the Chinese, w e will send for our medicines, a nd open the dispensary at Tek-chhiu-kha. (Deeds were secured a n d foundations b eg un in March, 1897.)



The Mission occupies:

The North Arcot District.— Area, 5,017 square miles; I „hn,lt o nnn non The South Arcot Dlstricl.-Aree, 4,076 square miles; f P0Pulat,0n> a“out 3’0uu,lx)clThe force engaged consists ot:

am Sc James A. Beattie, Ghittoor; Henry Huizinga, Vellore. Assistant Missionaries.— mts,. J. W. Scudder, Mrs. J. Chamberlain, Mrs, L. R. Scudder, Mrs. E. C. Scudder, Jr., Mrs. William I. Chamberlain, Mrs. J. H. “Wyckoff, Mrs. J. A. Beattie, Miss Julia C. Scudder, Miss M. K. Scudder, Miss Lizzie von Bergen, and Miss Louisa H. Hart, M.D. In.America.— H qv .and Mrs. John Scudder. lYaiitts .Pastors.— Revs. Moses Nathaniel, Gnanodiam; Erskine Thavamony, Kallupadi: Paul Bailey, Oratiur; Isaac Lnsar, Kandiputtur; John Peter, Yarikal; Abram Muni, Yehamur; A. Masilamani, Velloi'e; P. Souri and J. Souri, Madanapalle; John Yesnratnam, Chiitooi'; Benjamin Tboma-, Kollapalli. Native Assistants.— Licentiates, 7; Evangelist, 1; Catechists, 2G; Assistant C a b cbists, 23; Schoolmasters, 55; Bible Teachers, 7; Readers und Probationers, 59; School­ mistresses and Zenana Teachers, 34; Colporteurs, 5; Female Bible Readers, 11; Zenana Women, G. Total, 234. [Last year’s report.]



1896. Scholars.





fa S2

Arcot....... A m i ........ Chittoor..... Coonoor ..... Madanapalle ... Palmaner.... Tindivanam.... Vellore...... Total

323 333


1G97 1782 900 1043 240 274 240 257 747 737 125 123 1540 1804 1946 1925

511 417 333 218


237 630 036


7 3



926 2608 7513 7945 143 3271 1538 4809 3427


11 9


Girls'1Boarding -ScAoo/s, 3.— Chittoor, 67 scholars; Madanapalle, 30; Palmaner, 14; Ranipcttal, 91. Total, 202. Boys' Boarding Schools^ 5.— Palmaner (Theological Seminary), 18; Ami, 68; Madanapalle, 67; Tindivanam, 67; Vellore, 77. Total, 297. Hindu Girls' Schools, 16.— Arcot, 4; Arni, 3; Chittoor, 1; Madanapalle, 3; Pal­ maner, 1; Tindivanam, 1; Vellore, 2. '




“ Hitherto hath the L o r d helped us.” “ T h e n w a s our m o u t h filled with laughter, and our tongue with singing: then said they a m o n g the heathen, the L or d hath done great things for them. T h e Lord hath done great things for us : whereof w e are glad.” ' It w a s with burdened hearts that w e faced the w or k of 1896 with the cut of 11A percent., on the whole appropriation, which really m e a n t nearly 25 per cent, reduction o n the regular work of the mission A reduction of this a m o u n t meant the cutting off of s o m e important branch of our work. It was felt that the branch that should be sacrificed first w a s our schools for nonChristians. A s these are mostly H i n d u Girls’ Schools, it a m o u n t e d to our cutting off at one stroke all of our H i n d u Girls’ Schools. After c om in g to this conclusion, w e referred the resolution to the Board, saying that if by April ist w e did not receive instruction to the contrary, o n that day w e w o u l d be compelled to close all such schools. T h e schools have not been closed. T h e ladies of our Chu rc h at home, immediately a n d unhesitatingly assumed the support of these schools in addition to the work that they were carrying, and authorized the Board to instruct us not to close them. In addition to their most generous action, a friend of missions, w h o has modestly concealed his identity, assumed the salary of Dr. and Mrs. L. R. Scudder, that the m o n e y thus set free might be used for the evangelistic w or k of the Mission. These t wo generous gifts have enabled us to carry on our w or k without serious reduction. W e return our sincere thanksgiving to G o d for raising us u p such friends in our hour of extremity. India is not a country in which w e would expect or look for rapid changes in either social or religious life. T h e conditions of missionary work, therefore, remain very m u c h alike from year to year. There are those w h o would have the Christian world believe that nothing worth mentioning has been accomplished by missionary activity to change the life a n d the thought of this land. A n d as one goes out into the districts far a w a y from the centres of education and Western influenced one is certainly m u c h impressed with the fact that a very large mass of humanity in this country is apparently untouched by these influences. Perhaps none m o r e than S w a m i Vivekananda has insisted on the folly of supposing that missionary effort could change India. According to him, the hoary customs and the deep a nd subtle philosophy of H in d u i s m need fear nothing from the futile, absurd, inefficient, yea even insulting attacks of the missionary body. H e would have his hearers believe that these mission­ aries gifted with, perhaps, a little sentimental piety, but blessed with small brains and less tact a nd n o c o m m o n sense, were, by their ignorant attacks on H i n d u i s m and by their wilful misrepresentation of it, doing m or e to alienate the minds of thoughtful H i n d u s from Christianity than to win t h e m Christward. It it were really so, w h y should he be at such pains to cry d o w n and discourage their w or k ? Should he not rather have advocated the sending out General Outlook.

of m or e of his missionary allies in order to hasten that alienation, and firmly establish all of the thoughtful H i n d u s in the conviction of the superiority of Hinduism? _



But to those w h o k n o w the condition of things in , .. India, and are closely watching the n o w of events, this very mission of the H i n d u m o n k to America is the most startling proof, not only of the tremendous influence of missionary effort, but also of his o w n appreciation of the fact that the very existence of H i n d u i s m is threatened by it. It has again a n d again been noted that the old attitude of scorn and indifference towards missionary effort has given place to one of hatred and opposition. E v e n in backward communities, apparently u n m o v e d by missionary effort, is this clearly seen. T h e preacher n o longer secures an undisturbed hearing. W h e n he least expects it he is n o w opposed, and efforts are. m a d e to harass h i m and prevent h i m from delivering his message, or to neutralize its effect o n the minds of the hearers. T h e H i n d u Tract Society is itself the reluctant admission o n the part of H i n d u i s m of the increasing power of Christianity, a n d the violent outbreaks and the tremen­ dous c om mo ti on caused by the conversion of high caste m e n to Christianity, is evidence of a growing conviction a m o n g H in du s that Hinduism, in spite of its efforts in opposition to Christianity, is steadily losing ground. W h a t stronger proof of this conviction do w e need than the efforts of all enlightened H i n d u s to purify their religion from the gross and shocking immoralities and the fearfully low moral conceptions that deform and degrade it. It is recog­ nized that these lay Hin d u i s m open to most effective attack, and apparently the zeal for reform arises, not so m u c h from a desire for a higher morality as from a desire to preserve and defend Hinduism. H i n d u i s m m us t drop these burdens or fall under their weight, is the argument that is constantly used by the reformers to allay the bitter opposition of the orthodox a nd unenlightened of their o w n community. In other words, the necessity of defending t h e m ­ selves against Christianity is the motive power of the reformation, a nd the cry is, back to Vedantism, back to primitive Hinduism. T h e y would have the H in du s walk backward over the path that they have trodden for thous­ ands of years. ‘ Real Influence ot Missions.

T ha t cry is the most complete confession of the failure of Hinduism. It is strange that these reformers are forgetful that H i n d u i s m is but the tree that has g r o w n naturally from the seed they vaunt so highly, viz., the primitive Vedic religion. Could they perform the impossible a n d compress a nd force that hug°e tree back again to its germinal condition, the forces and principles within that seed that have m a d e H i n d u i s m what it is to-day, could but reproduce the s a m e result. W e sympathize with every true effort to purify H i n d u i s m ; but w e cannot but believe such efforts futile. It is attempting the impossible. C a n it be that they are finding this out ? C a n it be that V ivekananda’s mis­ sion is a skilful flank m o v e m e n t to distract attention from the weakness of their cause a nd attempt to cut off the base of missionary supplies? T o accomplish this latter object he m us t perforce-do t w o things. First prove Failure of Hinduism.

that missionary w o r k is a failure ; second, prove that it is not necessary. T h o s e w h o have followed his lectures k n o w h o w he has tried to do the one b y misrepresenting missionaries a n d their work, an d the other by drawing a picture of Hinduism, that no orthodox H i n d u would recognize, and denying that true picture of the gross, immoral, idolatrous H i n d u i s m accepted and believed in by the overwhelming majority of the Hin du s of to-day. If such has been his real purpose, w e o w e h i m our hearty thanks for another proof that the attacks of Christianity on H i n d u i s m are causing it to shake from centre to circumference. T h a t his attack will materially affect our supplies, there is little cause to fear. T h e full discussion that has followed his lectures has but served to vindicate the missionaries a n d discredit the H i n d u m on k. Hope for Pariahs

A nother proof of a change of front most encouraging to us is the n e w attitude of educated H i n d u s towards the outcastes. It w a s but a few years ago that a highly educatedtand intelli­ gent B ra hm an , high u p in official circles, to w h o m the G o v e r n m e n t of M a ­ dras committed the important duty of writing the Progress Report of the M a d r a s Presidency, pointed out that, from'a H i n d u standpoint, there w a s no hope for the social amelioration of these outcastes within Hinduism. There w a s but one w a y for t h e m to rise, a nd that w as to renounce H i n d u i s m and accept either M o h a m m e d a n i s m or Christianity. Unless H i n d u i s m changes, there can be n o hope for the Pariah within its pale. T h a t this is the present attitude of Hi n d u i s m there can be no doubt. B u t a most significant change of attitude is beginning,to manifest itself a m o n g the reform party. T h e active efforts of missionaries in behalf of the Pariah have resulted in large n u m b e r s of t h e m becoming Christians. It has also a wa ke ne d them to assert themselves, a n d struggle for their o w n emancipation. T h e y n o w have a newspaper to represent their community, called the Parian. A n d this year they, as a community, presented an address of w e l co me to the n e w Governor of Madras, praying for a sympathetic helping h an d a nd they were received with sympathy and kindness. T h e significance of this change in the Pariah c o m m u n i t y it would be hard to overestimate. T h e mere defection of a few thousand Pariahs to Christi­ anity, would not seriously disturb the Hindus, but the m or e intelligent of t h e m are beginning to see in this defection a m en a c e to their religion. For they see that these degraded outcastes, on bec om in g Christians, are trained u p into educated, self-respecting communities, that can even compete with on almost equal terms with the proud Brahman. T h e growth of such c o m m u n i ­ ties increases the influence of Christianity. A n d it is a proof of the superior­ ity of Christianity that it can take these poor people, trampled d o w n into the mire by Hinduism, an d m a k e of them a c o m m u n i t y that can compete with their best. T h e m or e enlightened H i n d u s n o w see this menace, a nd are b e ­ stirring themselves to overcome it. A t present they have only reached, the stage of passing public resolutions favoring the social elevation of the PariahT h e last Social Conference placed on record such a resolution. It will prob­ ably take t he m a long time to get beyond that stage. W h a t these resolutions really m e a n it is hard to say. But that they are significant of a change of at­

titude is undoubted. H o w they can lift the Pariahs in the social scale while H i n d u i s m stands as it is, it is hard to conceive. For a Pariah, n o matter h o w educated or self-respecting or clean, is, a nd must remain, a Pariah, whose touch is pollution, to be expiated by severe penance, and w h o cannot even enter that part of the caste m a n ’s house where he ties his cattle. It is not love of the Pariah that has induced these resolutions, but a confessed purpose to keep h i m from bec om in g a Christian. It will be most interesting to watch developments, a nd see if H i n d u i s m will eventually give the poor Pariah a higher place. T h e general outlook is, then, far from discouraging to G o d ’s children. M a y w e thank God, take courage, and deliver our attacks with greater pre­ cision, perseverance and power. _



T h e outlook in our o w n field has been complicated ... , , ,, . , again this year by the spectre of famine. T h e almost complete failure of rains in the North of India has produced a state of famine over a very wide area. Relief works have been opened by Government, and m a n y thousands are, at the time of writing, employed on them. A n d the indications are, that the distress has not yet reached its acutest stage. This has enhanced the price of grain throughout the whole country. In our o w n district the partial failure of the June and July rains caused the loss of m a n y of the dry crops, causing m u c h local distress to the poorer classes, w h o de­ pend on t he m for their food. A s in September and October there w as not a sign of the monsoon, a panic sent the price of all food grains u p to the prices existing in the great famine of 1877-78 ; a nd great fears were entertained that the m o n s o o n w a s a complete failure, and that the scarcity at the North would be duplicated in the South, m a k i n g a general famine all over the whole of India. G o v e r n m e n t began to prepare for the worst, a n d estimates for famine relief works were hastily prepared a n d held in readiness to be taken in h an d as soon as the scarcity m a d e it necessary. For a few weeks, prices remained very high, a nd the poor suffered m u c h ; a n d fora little while it w as actually almost impossible to secure grain at any price. This w a s due. not to a scarcity of grain, but to the reluctance of people to part with their grain for fear famine w as u p o n them, a nd also from the cupidity of those w h o had grain to sell w h o were waiting for the highest prices. Fortunately, however, rain fell in the latter part of N o v e m b e r copiously to the South of Madras, filling all the tanks, but insufficiently to the North. In our o w n Mission, Chittoor, Palmaner and Madanapalle suffer still from lack of rain, but the rain w a s sufficient to dispel the fears of a general famine, a nd food stuffs have fallen to m u c h easier rates. W e thank G o d that H e has averted this terrible distress from us. ( Th e following pages present the most salient features of the w o r k of the year.) Fears of Famine.


T h e close of the year sees our force of missionaries ,, , ; . . . . „ . m u c h larger than at the beginning. Arcot, Vellore, and Madanapalle are rejoicing in reinforcement. Miss M . K . Scudder w as most joyfully welcomed to Ranipettai- o n January 6th, 1896. Prepared by her knowledge of Telugu and Tamil to enter at once into active work, she has missionary Force.

been able to assume heavy responsibility, and strengthen the work of this station, where it has of necessity heretofore been very weak. T h e Zen an a w o r k a nd H i n d u Girls’ Schools have been assigned to her by the Mission, and she has devoted m u c h time and thought a n d strength to the development of these important branches of work. Miss L. H . Hart, M . D., arrived in India, February 1st, a n d w e w el c o m e d her to Ranipettai, three days later, with great joy. S h e has devoted herself exclusively to the study of Tamil, a n d with great self-denial has only very occasionally ventured to the hospital. But w e hope to have her help in the hospital in the near future. ’ T h e arrival in Vellore in October of the Rev. a nd Mrs. H . Huizinga, a n d of Dr. a n d Mrs. Chamberlain, after an absence of two years and a half, at Madanapalle, in December, caused great rejoicing. T h e Native Pastorate has been strengthened by the ordination of two of our most trusted y o u n g men. This raises the whole n u m b e r of pastors to eleven. A call w a s extended to John Yesuratnam, m e m b e r of the first class to graduate from the Theological Seminary, by the Chittoor Chu rc h This church boldly decided not to lean on the Mission at all for the support of their pastor, but to assume the whole responsibility themselves, with the aid of the usual grant from the Pastors’ Aid Society. T h e pastor-elect having accepted the call, a n d trusted his pecuniary interests into the hands of the church, arrangements were m a d e to ordain a nd install him o n February 23d. A call w a s also extended to Benjamin T h o m a s , a m e m b e r of the graduating class, to b ec om e pastor of the Kothapalli Church. T o throw a larger share of the burden of his sup­ port o n the churches, the Mission have only m a d e an appropriation of Rs. 5 per m o n t h towards his support. A s this y o u n g pastor-elect willingly agreed to the conditions, and accepted the call, arrangements were m a d e for his ordination a n d installation. Roth of these y o u n g m e n were ordained together at Chittoor, February 22, and John Yesuratnam w a s installed o n the 23d, while Benjamin T h o m a s w a s installed the day following at B o m m a s a mudram. W hi le rejoicing in this increase in our Native Pastorate, w e are called on to sympathize with one of their number, Rev. A. Massillamoni, pastor of Vellore Church, w h o has passed through deep waters, and w e hereby extend h i m our sincerest sympathy.* ’ Testimony is borne in all of our station reports to the faithfulness and zeal with which our native pastors have prosecuted their w or k during the year. T h e y are indeed a noble band of men, and have the full confidence of the Mission a n d the affection of their people. M a y they long be spared to us and to their flocks. T h e ranks of our helpers were increased by the output of our theologi­ cal Seminary, which consisted of seven full course students and five lay class lads. All have been employed, with the exception of Cornelius Simeon of Native Pastors.

4PastorMassillamonidiedsuddenly onJanuary 16th,1897,to the greatgrief and lossofthechurchandtheMission.

the full course, w h o has been sfent to the 2d Grade College of the M a d u r ^ Mission at Pasumalaj for higher studies, -

Ed u c a t i o n a l w o r k . • T h e educational w o r k of our Mission has been carried on this year through the usual agencies. There have been n o changes in our Christian training institutions with the exception of the Industrial School at Arni. T h a t has been changed into a m o r e wholly industrial school. T h e only other item calling for notice is that there is an increase of four in B o y s ’ Schools, of one under Girls’ Schools and of nine under M i x e d Village Schools. T h e total under instruction this year is 6,025, an advance of 673 over last year. Christian pupils n u m b e r 1,516, or 132 m o r e than last year; while non-Christian pupils have increased b y 541 over the year before, m ak in g a total of 4,509. This year the large s u m of Rs. 14,365-10-8 has been received in grants. This, however, includes a grant of Rs. 3,210-0-0 o n the Industrial School buildings at Arni. T h e fee collections a mo un te d to Rs. 16,107-1-8. In both of these items there has been an advance over last year. T h e total received a m o un ts to the large s u m of Rs. 30,472-12-4. THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY.

Rev. J. \V. Scudder, D. D . , Principal and General Synod’s Professor of Theology. •Miss J. C. Scudder, Teacher of Catechists' Wives’ Class. Mr. J. D. Solomon, Teacher of Pastoral Theology, Ho/niletics, etc. Mr. J. S. Daniel, Teacher of Church and' Sacred History, Evidences of Christianity, etc. A t the close of 1S95 seven students, w h o had comStudents. pleted the. full four years’ course of study, left the insti­ tution with graduating certificates granted to t he m by the Board of Superin­ tendents. In January of this year they were examined by the Classis of Arcot; and having passed satisfactorily, were licensed as preachers of the Gospel. A few mon th s later one of them was ordained and installed pastor of Kothapalli Church. O f the rest, one is pursuing a further course of study in Pasumalai College fAmerican Board Mission), a n d thejothers are employed in various stations of the Mission. A former graduate also was ordafned this year, a nd is pastor of the church in Chittoor. Provision is m a d e in the institution for four classes. This year, however, there have been only three, viz.. U p p e r Middle, L o w e r Middle, and Junior, there being n o Senior. T h e U p p e r Middle Class has four students; L o w e r Middle, six; and the Junior, four. It gives m e pleasure to say that teachers and pupils have worked u p to their full ability throughout the year. Diligence, inspired by enthusiasm, has characterized their study, the results a n d success of which are given in the report of the Board of Superintendents. T h e examination held by the Board in D e c e m b e r w as declared satisfactory, a nd the m e m b e r s of each class were promoted to the next class above.

T h e L a y Class, consisting of four y o u n g men, w h o had pursued a limited course of secular study before c om in g here, also did excellent work. Their examination was so well sus­ tained as to elicit a special e n c o m i u m from the Board. This class studies only one year in the Seminary, after which its m e m b e r s are sent out to w or k ■as teachers and readers in the Mission field. L a y Class.


. .

T h e Catechists W i v e s Class consists of fourteen ...... T _ _ ,, , . women. It is taught by Miss J. C Scudder. T h i s class w a s examined by the Board of Superintendents, and passed satisfactorily. T h e full course students are given ample opportunity to exercise their preaching powers, both in church and prayer meeting, and a m o n g the heathen as well.. Parties go regularly into the streets of the t ow n on Friday, Satuiday and Sunday, to proclaim the Gospel to the non-Christian inhabitants. W i v e s ’ Class.


T h e Vellore H i g h School has had a most successful yrar. Chamberlain writes of it as follows:

Rev. W . I.

T h e Vellore H i g h School has so far added prosperity , b r , , .,, , . .. f to success by reason of the faithfulness and activity ot its staff and the presence of other forces at w o r k in its behalf, that, like all similar institutions, it has aroused envy. This feeling has sprung u p appar­ ently in the minds of certain m e m b e r s of the Municipal Council with which the school has been in the pleasantest relations in the past. T h e Director of Public Instruction, in the course of his last review of the school, takes occasion to mention that “ the financial condition of the school is highly satisfactory, the receipts f om fees and grants having m o r e than covered the charges, a mo un ti ng to Rs. 10,000.’' T h e latter part of this clause, which is slightly ambiguous, has apparently m a d e the impression u p o n certain councillors, w h o are m o r e concerned with finances than with education, that the receipts over charges have been Rs. 10,000, and aroused a desire in their min ds to share in such m on ey -m ak in g operations! Consequently, at the last Bud ge t meeting of the Council, held in December, the proposition w as m a d e that the Municipal Council should establish a H i g h School of its own. T h e proposal, although opposed by the chairman on municipal grounds, the sub-collector on government grounds, and the Inspector of Schools on e du ­ cational grounds, wa s carried by a majority of the Council previously pre­ pared. This w a s based on n o ground whatever. There is no general d e m a n d or friction, or insufficient accommodation, or present inefficiency alleged. H o w e v e r unjustified this proposal, a nd improbable of sanction by the Government, w e should have no ground to question the right of any public or private b od y to enter u p o n an effort of this sort, provided n o direct injury were done to existing institutions. Indeed, w e should have no ground to fear any evil consequences to an old and well-established a n d thoroughly equipped institution, arising from any n e w enterprise under whatever aus­ pices. But w h e n these councillors, in seeking for funds to launch such an Envious Rivalry.

enterprise, decided to withdraw from the existing institution, against which there is no complaint of inefficiency or insufficiency, all the grants sanctioned and continuing for m a n y years, they give an exhibition of moral weakness a n d bad faith which w e are certain will do h a r m only to themselves. It needs not to be stated that the Director of Public Instruction, before w h o m this proposal m us t pass, and the G o v e r n m e n t by w h o m it must be sanctioned, to stand, will look u po n such a dishonorable proposal with disfavor f ro m other than educational grounds. It is, however, surprising a nd disappointing that councillors w h o have received favors from the school, a n d whose sons are n o w studying in its forms, should so willingly join a m o v e m e n t of this nature. T h e school has continued to prosper under the faithful a n d effective administration of the H e a d Masters of the Secondary a nd Primary Depart­ ments. T h e total strength at the end of 1896, is 835, against a strength' in December, 1895, °f 554- T h e income from fees for 1896 has been Rs. 9,438. while that of 1895 was Rs. 8,248. T h e grants received this year were Rs. 2,508, and last year Rs. 1,992. T h e Boarding Department of the H i g h School BoardingJJepart- w a s considerably enlarged by the transfer of about " thirty boys from the schools of Arni a n d a nd Tindivan um , the strength having risen to 77. T h e care of this department has fallen to the lady of the station, w h o found it a constant care. H e r labors have been s om e w h a t lightened by the assistance of the Superintendent, w h o has been very willing and fairly efficient. T h e boys have, o n the whole, conducted themselves with becoming behavior, and have not given us m u c h occasion for anxiety or the exercise of discipline. O n e death occurred while the boys were absent during their s u m m e r vacation. T h e large increase in the strength of the institution has been chiefly owi ng to the rapid growth of tho Primary Department, under the untiring efforts of the H e a d Master. H e took charge of the school at the beginning of the year, a nd has succeeded during the intervening period, with the co-operation of the Assistant Masters, in adding to the n u m b e r attending the school, not less than three hundred lads. It has been feared that this rapid growth in the n u m b e r might affect unfavorably the discipline a nd the general efficiency of the school, but the former seems to have been maintained, while the latter will be tested by the examinations, the results of which are not yet known. Primary Department.


Mr. and Mrs. Beattie report concerning these schools as follows: T h e schools in Chittoor of most general interest are the Tamil L o w e r Secondary Girls’ Boarding-School a n d the Bi-lingual Training School for Mistresses. Dur in g the year forty-seven pupils have been in the former and twenty in the latter. Both have efficient Christian staffs, which have pro­ duced, so far, goo d results. In the Training School exception w a s taken to the youth a n d inexperience of m a n y of its members. In practice, the

teachers find this a very real objection, m a n y of the girls being too y o u n g and inexperienced to grasp the instruction in the theoretical department. All the regular students in the Training School drew scholarships amounting, in the aggregate, for the year, to Rs. 1,029-3-4. T h e great care of the Mission for these schools is evinced from the fact that s o m e of this year’s pupils have been educated in t he m for ten years continuously, at a cost of at least Rs. 600 apiece. T h e school w o r k has g on e o n steadily, a n d the teachers have worked harmoniously together. V ie we d in the light of the reports of the Inspectress and the Bible Examination Committee, the w or k done has been thorough. S o m e of the girls w h o belong to the Christian E nd ea vo r Society have done active Christian w o r k in connection with two of our Sunday-schools. girls’ p r i m a r y


sc h o o l , ranipettai.

This school has had another successful year. Twenty-five girls w h o passed the Primary School examination were sent over to the Chittoor School in January, leaving fifty-six girls for the first term. In August, thirty-one n e w girls were admitted, m a k i n g the total n u m b e r of boarders eighty-seven. Dur in g the latter half of the year the w or k of the school w a s considerably interferred with by a n u m b e r of cases of typhoid fever. O n e little one w h o went to attend a family marriage, while she had slight fever, w a s taken suddenly very ill a n d died. But in her case w e suspect the use of drastic native medicines. O f the children treated in the Hospital, all recovered, although three or four of t he m proved to be long a n d tedious cases. In addition to these severe cases, a large n u m b e r of the children were d o w n with slight fever. In looking for a cause, w e found that the children were drinking water supplied for washing, which they were told not to drink. All the old water pots were broken, and n e w ones supplied, a nd the prohibited water w a s banished even for washing purposes, and the epidemic w as soon c o n ­ trolled. T h e Bible examination w a s conducted N o v e m b e r 13th. The marks taken in the examination by m a n y of the scholars were most credit­ able, five girls in the 4th, nine in the 3rd and five in the 2d, taking 70 per cent, an d over with the m a x i m u m of 82 per cent., 94 per cent, a nd 90 per cent, in the three respectively. A s the o wn er of the bungalow,in which the school w a s housed, w a s very unreasonable in his d emands,and would give n o guarantee for the future, it w a s thought best to put u p temporary quarters for the school, to be occupied till the n e w build­ ings could be completed. It w a s found also that the a m o u n t that w e w ou ld have to pay for rent would about put u p the temporary buildings. T h e y were b eg un in September, and completed before the first of D e c e m b e r (on which date the girls m o v e d out of the old quarters into the new). T h e buildings are of a temporary nature, but will last till the n e w quarters are built, a n d are even m o r e c o m m o d i o u s than the b un ga lo w formerly occupied. W e have been waiting for m on th s for the answer of G o v e r n m e n t to our application for grant o n the n e w buildings, for w e are afraid to begin the w o r k before NeWBegu!flaS

hearing from Government, lest w e should forfeit the grant. B ut finally on D e c e m b e r 12th, w e received w or d that a grant of Rs. 1,841 towards the n e w building w a s formally sanctioned b y Government, a n d so n o w the w o r k is actually in hand. W e hope that the end of 1897 will see the n e w buildings complete. BOARDING SCHOOLS, MADANAPALLE.

O f the two Boarding Schools at Madanapalle, one for boys a n d one for girls, Rev. L. B. Chamberlain reports: T h e H i n d u placed in charge of the B o y s ’ L o w e r Secondary School at Madanapalle, has proved energetic but inexperienced. T h e result has been a gain in numbers, and loss in discipline. Frequent appeals were m a d e to the m a n a g e r by both staff and pupils, a n d his resignation has therefore been accepted.' There has been a m o r e diligent application to w o r k by both pupils a nd teachers, and I take pleasure in recording it. There is r o o m for improvement, however. T h e emulation from the presence of a n u m b e r of bright H i n d u day scholars has had a beneficial effect on our boarders. There has been an unusual n u m b e r of full fee boarders, swelling the boarding receipts from the Rs. "177 of last to Rs. 318 for this year. B o y s ’ School.

T h e staff of the Girls’ School is about the s am e as last year, an d has done quiet, and, I hope, effective work. A n e w Eurasian matron has been in charge, and though inexperienced and, therefore, s om e w h a t inefficient, has tried, a n d I trust will prove worthy of her post. She has c o m e out in open confession on the L o r d ’s side, and with His help will be an aid to her charges. T h e tone of the t w o schools has been good. T h e lads a n d lasses seem to g r o w in their appreciation of, and attempt for, what is right. Cases of discipline have not been wanting,but they have been few,and the delinquents have invariably s h o w n a proper spirit a nd better walk. O l d s ’ School.

T h e effort to m a k e the c o m i n g generation appreciate the honor of work, and the duty of helping themselves, Training. jlas taken rather a long step. Instead of having reluc­ tant workers, it has been, hard to find w or k for willing hands. O v e r Rs. 50 has been paid to the scholars for their w or k this year. N o t only has this enabled t he m to subscribe generously to the Pastor’s F u n d a nd support the Christian Endeavor Society, but they have had the m e a n s to repay all break; ages which, in times past, were charged against the Mission, Besides Rs. 10 thus recouped, the fact that they have to pay for w ha t they destroy or lose, has resulted in better handling of books, slates, clothes a n d furniture. B u t perhaps the best result is the undermining the false idea that w o r k d em ea ns a n d the inspiring t he m with a desire to help themselves. Industrial

A novel incident w a s the placing of his son in the > B oy s ’ School,as a boarder,by a well-to-do heathen stoneBoarder. mason. It is very m u c h against caste rules, and entailed trouble o n the father, but he is anxious for the progress of his son. A Caste

a nd braved consequences. T h e lad, however, after being in school s om e nine months, recently decamped, and has not been found. M o r e emphasis is laid, a nd properly so, o n Bible teaching in the schools at Madanapalle, Vayalpad, and Kurubalakota, a nd strong teachers have been deputed to that work. boys’ primary, tindivanam.

Rev. J. H. Wyckoff writes : There has been an average attendance of sixty-seven during the year. T h e y attend the Middle School as day scholars, a n d compete favorably with the H i n d u boys. Their conduct has been generally g oo d ; while the exami­ nation, both in religious and secular lessons, s ho we d that they give good attention to their studies. Mrs. W y c k o f f conducts a Junior Endeavor Society in the school, to which thirty-four of the lads belong. Its influence on the boys has been most salutary. .


T h e D a y Schools for non-Christian lads have seen n o diminution. A s the schools at Madanapalle were the special point of attack last year, it is encouraging to note their returnRestored. ing strength, as well as signs of the resumption of the old friendly relations with the H i n d u community. Perhaps the most interesting feature of the year has been the sequel to the trouble of last year. T h e Madanapalle B o y s ’ School, though chiefly for Christian boarders, has continued to receive accessions from the H i n d u c o m ­ munity, a n d its fee collections have risen from Rs. 15 last year to Rs. 84— a , s u m double that ever received. But a notable event w a s the very considerable rapprochement which has occurred. Messages a nd acts, which s ho w e d a desire on the part of our s o m e time opponents to be on g oo d terms, led to the issuing of invitations to all Madanapalle and his friend, to attend the prize-giving of the Boarding Schools. Invitations instead of being dis­ counted, were at a premium, an d even requests for t he m c a m e from those w h o had been overlooked. Tents were pitched, a nd seats provided in the Mission c om po un d, an interesting p r o g r a m m e of gymnastic feats, drill and races, w a s successfully carried out, prizes distributed, a nd with cordial c o n ­ gratulations a n d good feeling the day ended. O u r erst-while foes were not to be outdone in hospitality, a n d immediately extended invitations for two occasions, to the Missionary and leading native Christians, who, accepting them, were treated with m ar k e d attention. T h u s w a s the resumption of pleasant relations doubly sealed, the judge, the opposing lawyers a nd the newspaper correspondent in our late unpleasantness being especially p r o m ­ inent in forwarding the rapprochement. G o o d Wilt


O f these schools w e n o w have sixteen. Although the Mission resolved that, in case any of our w o r k should have to be a ba nd on ed o n account of funds, these schools should be the first to suffer, it w a s not because w e

thought they were unimportant, a n d very thankful are w e that w e have been able to continue them. A Flurry of Opposltloa.

T h e event of especial interest in connection with the schools at Arni w as the attempt of the people of Chetpett0prevent ti,e introduction of a Christian mistress

into the school. O f this Rev. E. C. Scudder writes : " In the Chetpet School, several mon th s ago, w e transferred a nonChristian teacher to another school and put in two n e w well-trained Christian women. Unfortunately for h i m they hold higher certificates than the B r a h ­ m i n Headmaster, a nd this w a s probably the reason that soon after the arrival of one of them, there c a m e a m or ni ng w h e n n o girls c a m e to school to learn' from the waiting teachers. A second day of rest began and,a Christian teacher in the B o y s ’ School c a m e to Arni with a tale of an e m p t y Girls’ ’ School. T h e third day the Missionary paid a visit to the town, a nd was told b y a crowd of the villagers that unless the Christian mistress— one present a n d one soon to c o m e — were taken away, their girls should not attend the school any more. T h e y said they were afraid s o m e of themselves, even, might b ec o m e converts if there were so m a n y Christians living in their town. T h e Missionary told t h e m he had c o m e to India to persuade t he m to do that very thing, and that the school should be closed unless they were willing to let us m a n a g e it in our o w n way. After several hours’ apparently fruitless talk, the Missionary ordered the closing of both the B o y s ’ and Girls’ schools, a n d while the teachers w en t to prepare their furniture account, he went to rest. In a few hours a crowd of people c a m e and agreed to have the schools on our terms. O n the fourth day nearly all the girls returned to school, and since then the Christian w o m e n have w o n the regard of the people and the school is prospering. , T h e school at Tin di va na m has been placed in the charge of a Christian Head-mistress. Opposition to this step has reduced the n u m b e r of pupils , but efficient w or k has been d on e in both secular and religious lessons, and it is expected that the school will soon recover in numbers.

Quarter Century at Vellore.

Undpubtedly the most interesting event in connection with our H i n d u Girls’ Schools was the celebration of the 25th anniversary of the founding of the A r a s a m a r a m O f this interesting function Mrs. W . I. Chamberlain

school in Vellore. writes : T h e A r a s a m a r a m street school completed this year the twenty-fifth year of its existence, and the occasion was celebrated by an anniversay,at which there w a s a large attendance both of Europeans a nd natives, besides missionaries of the Arcot Mission, a n d by which it is hoped that something m a y have been done to arouse a m o n g the H i n d u s of the town a livelier sense of the need of female education. A brief history of the school from the beginning was given in the annual report, from which a few interesting facts m a y be quoted. ‘‘ It w a s not found possible to estimate exactly from such records as w e have at hand, the total expenditure of the Mission for this one school during the past twenty-five years. But, judging from the records which w e

have at hand, it cannot have been far from Rs. 15,000, of which, probably, Rs. 800 have been collected in fees and, perhaps, Rs. 5,000 in grants, leav足 ing a total cost to the Mission of about Rs. 9,000. Dur in g this time at least !>500 girls have read in the school, of w h o m twelve have passed the Primary School examination, while only two have passed in the 1st Form. T h e school reached its highwater m a r k in 1876, w h e n the n u m b e r o n the rolls w as 154, a n d its lowest ebb in 1893, w h e n the n u m b e r of pupils w a s only 36." T h e institution has had, like others in our Mission, its ups a n d downs, but appears to be established once more, u p o n a firm basis, if that can be affirmed of any institution which depends for its existence u po n the good will a n d patronage of a heathen community. TECHNICAL SCHOOL.

T h e report of R e v E. C. Scudder o n this school is as follows : T h e Industrial School at Arni has had a prosperous year in m a n y respects. T h e seven trades are still in the curriculum, though rug-weav足 ing is not popular, a nd there have been n o pupils in that department during the year. T h e building has been completed, and the G o v e r n m e n t kindly gave a grant of Rs. 3,120 toward the cost of the same. * A change has been ordered a n d partially m a d e in regard to the Literary branch. U p to this year there have been two I.iterary classes. It has been decided that hereafter only those w h o intend to take u p a trade for their living shall be admitted, a nd the school be m a d e a purely technical one. VILLAGE SCHOOLS.

This Mission ^from the beginning has laid great insistence on these schools ; and it is qur effort to maintain such a school in every village where there are resident Christians. T h o u g h difficult to maintain and costly in both time a nd money, w e ungrudgingly spend both o n t h e m as w e believe t he m to be absolutely necessary to the stability of our work. T h e efforts to maintain t h e m are illustrated by the following extracts : In the day schools of Arni there has been, almost Marked without exception, a mar ke d improvement in their gen<5^ lmProvement' erai tone as well as in the attainments of the children. This is undoubtedly due to two causes, one, the chief, is the training class for helpers and teachers conducted by Mrs. Scudder, whsoe normal training fits her peculiarly for the work. This class is held for the helpers once a month, an d for the station teachers every two weeks, aud has m a d e great changes in the w a y in which things are d on e and in the interest taken in the doing. T h e second cause for the improvement is the school visitor,whose duty it is to visit every school at least once a month, examine the children in secu足 lar and religious lessons, singing, drill, etc., a nd assist the teachers in various ways. T h e idea that the visitor m a y c o m e on any day keeps teachers and children u p to their w o r k very well. A n u m b e r of our four rupee teachers have earned excellent school grants this year, and are thereby encouraged to m o r e earnest w or k in the future.


M a n y of the schools are kept u p with difficulty, the, , , , t indifference, but m o r e frequently the poverty of: parents, leading t h e m to send the children out to work. I a m often sur-. prised to find the schools in s o m e localities doing so well, considering theodds against which the teacher has to contend. Difficulties.

There are n um er ou s instances of the g oo d results of .these schools. In Athanur, where the congregation has. Results. been lot years in a feeble condition,several families have recently joined us, the direct result of the village school in which several heathen y o u n g m e n have learned to read. In Narasinganur a lad of sixteen, w h o studied in the night school,and w h o was anxious to b e c o m e a Christian,has persuaded his parents to a c c o m p a n y him. I had the pleasure recently of baptising both the boy a nd his father and mother. A like instance has occurred in another village. There are several other cases in which pupils of the school are ready to b e c o m e Christians, but are being kept back by their parents. Direct

EVANGELISTIC WORK. F r o m its c o m m e n c e m e n t , the Arcot Mission has been k n o w n as an Evangelistic Mission. Very great emphasis a nd and insistence has been put on all methods of evangelism. A n d the impress of the founders of the Mission is still clearly apparent in the history of this yearâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s work. For while the Missionaries themselves have not been able to tour m u c h a m o n g the heathen, the Mission traditions are carried out faithfully b y our helpers, w h o have been constant in the proclamation of the W o r d . T h e records s h o w that in town and village, in street a n d field, in reading r o o m s u n d h o m e s by our Mission staff, both m e n a n d w o m e n , the W o r d has 'been preached in over 20,700 places, 52,500 times to audiences of about 746,000 people. All of these figures s h o w an advance over the w or k of last year. T h e following pages will give the methods of w o r k a nd the m or e interesting facts reported. â&#x20AC;&#x2DC; Rev. L. R. Scudder reports :


I have been able to take but two tours this year. One^ Desire for of t h e m was, however,quite extended,among the villages. . the Gospel. between Karvatinagar and Chittoor. T h e region was one probably never visited before by a missionary; a nd the reason for taking that direction w a s that a n u m b e r of families in several villages had expressed a desire to hear m or e of the Gospel. These people were related to s o m e of our Christian villages. T h e roads w e had to travel were fearful ; once a bandy w a s overturned. B u t w e rejoiced to believe that the Gospel w a s m a d e k n o w n to m a n y w h o had never heard of it. A t least two villages seemed to be very hopeful. A n d if a m o v e m e n t should once start in that region, m a n y would soon follow. In fact, one village did sign an agreement to bec om e Christians, but I have not included t h e m in the accounts of this year, as. they have not been tested a n d m a y not stand firm. A few m o r e tours out in.

'that'direction will win w e r several villages. I carried m y medicine chest with m e ; but as I w a s not able to stay long in a place, I did not accomplish ■very much. A few hundred were, however, treated. A s a result of evangeilistic work one n e w village has been received a n d occupied during this year, iln that village six families have joined us. Rev. E. C. Scudder reports for Arni : “ O u t preaching,” or Evangelistic w or k a m o n g non' Christians, has been carried o n systematically, and' although the totals of places, times and hearers d o not ■reach those of former years, I do not consider that it is from any lack of 'faithfulness o n the part of those u p o n w h o m this duty is specially put. T h a t this preaching is actually a n d regularly carried on is abundantly 'proved by the fact that non-Christians often casually speak of it, and in •several places people are m u c h interested in what they have heard,and speak of becoming Christians. Several families in a village n a m e d Mahsar, bey on d Dev en am pe t, have m a d e their decision,and c a m e to m e a few days since ask­ i n g to be received. Their n a m e s will probably be enrolled next year. In and around Arni thorough w o r k has been done by the preaching bands c o m ­ posed of Mission agents, school boys, and other m e m b e r s of the congrega'tion. Almost every Christian m a n and w o m a n in Arni, including all the ‘boarding school boys of sufficient age a n d character, are engaged in active •evangelistic work, either in the streets or Sunday-schools every Sunday. faithfulness :and Fruits.

Rev. J. A. Beattie writes as follows about the w or k at Chittoor: T h e pastor a n d fourteen agents (eight male and six female) have been constantly preaching throughout the year “ in season and out of season.” T h e area covered from Chittoor has been eighteen miles to the South a m o n g the Tamils, six­ teen miles to the North-East and thirty miles to the North and North-West, a m o n g s t the Telugus. H u n d r e d s of miles have been traversed under a burning sun and hundreds of villages have been visited, and there has been m u c h weariness, hunger, thirst a n d discomfort endured. Presumably m u c h thought has been spent in preparation, m u c h prayer offered and m u c h anxiety endured. M a n y waves of emotion have passed over the workers' souls and their hopes have been raised high or dashed to the ground as s o m e enquired the w a y of salvation or others turned a w a y in unbelief or scorn. In Weariness M a d Painfulness.

A n e w centre for evangelization has been opened at Putalapattu. W o r k began a year ago there and in the surrounding villages. A n application for a village site w a s pending for months, while it went from the Rev en ue Inspector u p to the Collector, and from the Collector d o w n through various officials again to the Inspector. Finally, it w as claimed that our presence there would disturb the peace, and that claim prevailing with the Collector, the application w as finally thrown out. W e were prohibited from entering the village. After looking around, a personal appeal was m a d e to the temporary M o n i g a r of the village, w h o wanted to be permanent Mon ig ar of the same, for a piece of his private, A N e w Centre.

land near the weekly market, and in a favorable m o m e n t it w as granted free of charge. A few days later, and before w e had secured legal possession of the land, it bec am e evident that the M o n i g a r had repented his politic generosity, an d by pressure on h im from without w e were in danger of losing what w e had so nearly secured. But, as it w o u l d happen, there was in the village a temporary B r a h m a n R e v e n u e Inspector w h o wanted patron足 age, with a view to securing the permanent R e v e n u e Inspectorship. A t the critical m o m e n t this Inspector pressed the M o n ig ar to transfer to us the puttah, which he finally did; and so, after m a n y days, and in the face of m u c h astute opposition, w e secured a good piece of land, built a house, a n d placed a catechist, w h o is working there n ow ; but the fruit is not yet. Rev. L. B. Chamberlain reports for Madanapalle: L a n d has at last been secured to build a chapel at R a n g a s a m u d r a m , but the hard times prevent the people doing what they have agreed to do, a nd no chapel has been erected. T h e large festival at P u n g a n u r w a s visited in c o m p a n y with Rev. G. H . M ac farlan and the Senior Endeavor Society. S o m e 10,000 people heard the joyful n ew s through seven days. A n effort to interfere with our preaching w a s thwarted, and w e were astonished and encouraged by the large and quiet audiences obtained. O u r ultimate triumph in the conversion case has given the catechists fresh courage a n d influence. T h e drought, too, has been an important factor in obtaining large audiences a nd earnest listeners in all the villages, sometimes the catechists being urged to c o m e to a village and preach to them. It has been a time of joyful work, a n d fresh courage and enthusiasm has been manifested by the helpers. Joyful Work.

Rev. J. H . Wyc ko ff reports of the>Tindivanam field : H a v i n g decided u p o n definite boundaries to the field Hard work before . . . . , , . ' [fruit given m e to work, I have arranged for a systematic proclamation of the Gospel in every town and village within this area. Within the last three years the whole territory has been gone over once, with the exception of a small portion on the South-Eastern side. This will n o w be reached by the agents of the Gospel Extension Society, w h o are to work the field between Tin di va na m and the sea. T h e y have already taken u p their residence at M er ca na m, but will m a k e B r a m a d e s a m their permanent head quarters, as soon as a site can be obtained and build足 ings erected. This is an interesting field, but hard w or k must b e d o n e before fruit can be gathered, as the Gospel is almost a n e w sound in that quarter. In August I took a long tour with a dozen helpers'on the North of Tindivanam, m ak in g three encampments, and reaching all the villages as far u p as W an di wa sh . In the latter place, where I spent several days, a few families have been received as adherents, which I trust is the beginning of a m o v e m e n t toward the Gospel in that taluq. T h e agents stationed there have preached faithfully in the surround足 ing villages, and report a kindly reception. Intense opposition has been Hopeful Signs.

aroused, o wi ng to the people in W a n d i w a s h having joined us; but those'who c a m e over have thus far remained firm. At the station, systematic preaching has been kept u p by the catechists and the m e m b e r s of the Endeavor Society. T h e Friday evening lighted service at the Reading R o o m has been faithfully sustained, and all the neighbouring villages have been reached again and again. A short tour w a s taken by the Christian Endeavorers on the East side in October and a large n u m b e r of villages visited. W e still wait in vain, however, for inquirers in those parts. T w o English lectures have been given to educated Hindus. T h e attitude of this class towards the Missionary is m o r e friendly than it w as a year ago. Indeed all India appears to m e to be in a more hopeful state with regard to'the Gospel than ever before. W h e n the Vivekananda buble has burst and the H i n d u s learn that the m u c h adored S w a m i is a mere ignis fatuus leading them back over the weary wastes of pantheism, w e believe the m or e thoughtful a m o n g them will turn to the true Light of the world, a n d find their highest hopes fulfilled only in H i m . W O R K FOR W O M E N .

This important branch of our w or k is becoming m o r e systematized and developed. A uniform met ho d has been adopted, and the 9S9 houses reported are bona fide houses in which zenana w or k has been done. There is an increase of 3.390. under the head of visits paid a n d of 18,475 under the head of hearers. T h e total under the t w o heads for the year is 16,929 visits and 71,178 hearers. O f this w or k the ladies will speak for themselves. Miss M . K . Scudder reports : ^ a n *Petta* reS u ^ar w o r ^ w a s not b e g u n till N o v e m b e r as there was no one to assume it. There are already 12 houses under Christian instruction. F r o m time to time, however, houses have been visited by Mrs. M a r y *Gnanamani a n d myself. I was quite a m u s e d one day to see h o w quickly the half closed ‘ and guarded door w a s thrown wide open a n d the unwelcoming countenance changed to b e a m i n g smiles as M a r y ’s sweet voice said “ I a m the lady apothe­ cary.” T h o s e w h o help in the medical department of pur Mission work have little idea of its influence to enter sealed doors. W i t h the lady apothecary a welcome is always assured and generally most respectful attention given to the Bible instruction. E v e n the native custom of covering the head dur­ ing any worship of G o d is often adhered to, and it is a pleasure to see the clothes quietly d r a w n over the head as M a r y passes from general conversa­ tion into earnest religious teaching# The L a d y


Mrs. E. C. Scudder writes for Arni : There is very little to tell about the zenana work, but that little tells of advance in methods of w or k as well as Opportunities. in the n u m b e r of houses visited. T h e Bible w o m a n visits regularly nine houses m or e than last year and m a k e s m a n y calls at n e w houses where the w o m e n do. not care to learn anything, but are willing to talk fora little while to an interesting Christian w o m a n . In time they m a y Increasing

b e c o m e learners. In the regular houses, there is less fancy w or k taught than last year a n d several girls are learning to read. In a n u m b e r of houses noth­ ing is taught, but Bible and other good stories are told, and fall into ears glad to listen. T h e Bible w o m a n has tried to follow, in this way, the course of lessons taught in the Sunday-schools of the Arni held. T he se lessons have all been taken from the life and teachings of Christ, and w e hope that m a n y w o m e n have learned during the year to think a little about H i m . w h o m w e adore. If I had nothing to do but zenana work, I could easily gain entrance into fifty h o m e s within a month, but m a n y other duties d e m a n d m y time a n d attention, and I can do very little of this work. O f the work in Chittoor, Mrs. Beattie writes : T h e Gospel is being taught in nine H i n d u homes. T w o houses had to be relinquished. A y o u n g B r a h m a n w o m a n w a s reading in the Gospel of Luke. After a few lessons had been given, the husband interfered forbidding his wife to learn any more, “ for ” said he, ‘‘she will by a nd by persuade you to b ec om e a Christian.” T h e zenana w o m a n had to withdraw, but the Gospel of L u k e w a s left to fulfil its silent ministry. In a M o h a m m e d a n house the w o m e n were very anxious to learn needle work, but would have' none of the Bible. A s they could not have the one without the other, that house also had to be given up. The Bible Proscribed,

O f the w or k in Madanapalle, Miss von Ber ge n writes : There is every reason to feel encouraged by the pro­ gress of the work done a m o n g the heathen w o m e n of the Madanapalle field. In the town itself the w o r k has increased considerably and the outlook is cheering. T h e n u m b e r of houses reached has been m u c h larger than that of previous years, a nd the teaching m or e thorough a nd systematic. But of the outstations the s a m e can hardly be said to be equally true. N o n e of t he m were sufficiently manned, and t w o of t he m were only worked part of the year. T h e work of Madanapalle has increased to such an extent that two workers have been actively engaged there this year, whereas only one was employed in previous years. These two visit together three hundred houses, to which they have access on an average about four times monthly. In s o m e thirty of these, reading is regularly taught by the zenana w o m e n ; needle w or k has been entirely discontinued. Notwithstanding the drawbacks result­ ing from the antagonism caused by the “ 'conversion case ’’ last year, which interfered s om e w h a t with the extension of the work, two B r a h m a n houses have opened their doors to the Bible w o m a n , the femine inmates of which are diligently pursuing their studies under her instruction. Cheering Outlook.

A bright y o u n g w o m a n has for s o m e time past been a pupil. So eager is she to learn that she is not con­ tent to simply learn reading, but is teaching herself of her o w n accord (without any assistance whatever) writing also. She arduA n Eager Learner.

ously copies the printed characters on a slate and practices each until she has reproduced it fairly well. In this w a y she is mastering the entire alphabet a nd will doubtless soon be able to write words a n d sentences. H e r slate covered with her latest accomplishments in this line is duly presented to m e on each visit for inspection a n d commendation. Another most unusual event was the unexpected attendance of two high caste w o m e n at one of our Christian gatherings (the w o m e n ’s weekly prayer meeting). T h e y remained throughout the meeting and were attentive listeners, expressing their inter­ est in the subject at the close of the meeting ! W h o would say, that they heard in vain ? <-^n visiting a certain house in Vayalpad, I was m u c h surprised and pleased to hear the facts of Christ’s incarn­ ation, atonement and resurrection, not only intelligently but practically and personally applied by the aged grand-mother of the house, proving that the truth heard w as not merely grasped with the understanding but with the heart. T h e earnestness with which this aged w o m a n repeated from m e m o r y a simple prayer a nd sang Christian lyrics taught her by the Bible w o m a n , is not only unusual but remarkable. She is illiterate— can neither read nor write, but has a pleasing face and manners. H e r wonderful c o m ­ prehension of Christ's mission I found is not so m u c h due to the Bible w o m a n ' s instruction as to her little grandson’s influence. H e is a lad about ten years of age, a pupil of th? Vayalpad Mission Middle School This little fellow has not only himself absorbed “ T h e W o r d ” taught by him in the daily Bible class at school, but has carried it h o m e and imparted it to his mother and grand-mother, and thus this h o m e has bec om e fit soil for the acceptanceof “ T h e Truth.” Another promising case that has recently c o m e to m y notice is that of a y o u n g w o m a n , formerly a pupil of our Mission School for H i n d u girls in Vayalpad. T h o u g h several years out of school, she has kept u p her reading not as a zenana pupil but by herself. She is the proud possessor of a N e w Testament and a book of Bible stories, and generally reads a nd recites a lesson for m e w h e n I visit the home, though she is not a regular pupil. A

Child Shall

L e a d Th e m .

O f the work at Palmaner, Miss J. C. Scudder writes : T h e zenana w o r k m o v e s steadily o n , and under the n e w sch em e for w or k beg un this year, 81 regular houses are visited. T h e people here live mostly in huts of one or two rooms, so that the teacher is not asked to enter, but sits on the ground outside and tells her story of the most w o n d ­ rous love the world has ever known. T h e people usually listen respectfully, sometimes discussing a question, and occasionally they ridicule. In only one house thus far have w e been told that w e were not to c o m e again. S o m e say they would like to be Christians, but their customs are too strong for t he m ; still w e pray for them, and k n o w that the power of G o d is stronger, and can overcome all obstacles.

Mrs. J. H. Wyckoff, of Tindivanam, writes thus of her w or k : P*ace g eneral statements which would apply to the work a m o n g heathen w o m e n in any of our stations, let m e give a glimpse or two of s o m e of these w o m e n . O n e called upon m e the other day and read her lesson and said her verses in our parlor, who, a year ago was not only unwilling to learn a letter, but w a s most hostile to the Bible w o m a n , w h o had earnestly warned her of the evil of s o m e of her ways. Trouble and sickness have softened her spirit and brought back to her m i n d as true, the teachings she first rejected, and the loving words of this Christian w o m a n , in her time of adversity, have w o n her over till there is none m or e affectionate or m or e ready to be taught than she n o w is. T h r ough


Perhaps our most advanced pupil is a y o u n g widow, who, in the h o m e of a most bigoted father, a goldsmith by trade, m a n a g e d to get her lessons in his absence from the house, her o w n little daughter being always ready to warn a w a y the Bible w o m a n from c om in g w h e n he was at home. She had read “ T h e A n g e l ’s Message ” and w as well on in Luke's Gospel, besides k no wi ng eight simple lyrics, various verses and m u c h of Christ’s history, w h e n her father first learned of her studying, and in great anger forbade the Bible w o m e n the house. So n o w she must hide her treasured books in her earthen vessels, but the lessons g o on. A few words at the well— a message of encouragement on the w a y to the tank— a n e w text as she follows the Bible w o m a n d o w n the street, for Mrs. Sawyer n o w finds that her ways to various other places lead through that street— these are all the channels left open n o w for that thirstingsoul; She says, “ W h e n I a m so u n h a p p y from the quarrels at home, that I w an t to throw myself into the well, then those words, ‘ Let thy w id ow s trust in m e ’ c o m e to m e and help m e to bear patiently m y trials.” T h e special promises of G o d to wid ow s a n d to those b o u n d ia chains have been a reviving breath of life to another and younger w o m a n of the V an na r caste, a w i d o w from childhood, most jealously watched over by an old mother and heartless older brothers. T h e Bible w o m a n had been appealed to once, to settle a family quarrel between mother a nd sons, a n d had thus established friendly relations with the mother; but it w a s in the hopeless heart of the y o u n g w i d o w that her words a wa ke ne d quick response. She can never visit her at h om e; the reading lessons are taught with the primer nearly hidden in the folds of her drapery, w h e n they happen to meet on their w a y to the tank. O n m y one visit to the house, I was not invited inside, and m y few words with our pupil were given as she followed us a few steps a w a y from the house. “ H e bringeth out t he m that are b o u n d in chains.” Are there friends to join with us in praying that this promise m a y be fulfilled to these two earnest w o m e n , w h o have accepted all they k n o w of Jesus and have so little opportunity to learn more ? In four houses there are elderly w o m e n w h o listen eagerly to the Bible w o m a n , begging her to c o m e again as they feel her message is specially adapted to t he m at their time of life. O n all sides she has found people forgetting the differences that formerly held The W i d o w s God.


t h e m aloof, and more and more ready to hear her message, you ng m e n


while to m a n y

she spoken of G o d ’s method for the cleansing of their



In connection with five of our stations, R eading R o o m s have been kept open during the year, placing Christian literature and healthy secular literature within the reach of the educated people. T h e Vellore Missionary reports that one, opened this year at Gudiyatam. has helped to establish friendly relations with the people, a nd all agree that their influence is good. T h e y give m a n y opportunities fer religious conversations, and they must exert a healthy influence on all w h o read what is placed on the table. S U NDAY SCHOOLS.

A s these schools reach m o r e non-Christian children than Christian children, it is only fair to class t he m under Evangelistic agencies. There has been a decided advance under this head. T w e n t y n e w schools are recorded and 518 scholars m or e than last year. There are altogether 143 schools with an enrollment of 4,809. O f the w or k at Arni, Mrs. Scudder writes : Very soon after the little Tamil children enter school, .they learn Tamil poetry, one short line of which means, “ D o not desert perseverance.’’ 1 W it h this thought foremost, w or k has been concentrated u po n securing better teaching from the teachers, and increased alms from the children. During" the five years, 1891-5, the village schools gave only Rs. 6-4-7. felt sure the fault lay in the teachers, a nd so, this year, at every monthly meeting, stress w a s laid u po n the necessity of teaching the children ways earning m o n e y for gifts. A s a result, the total this year is Rs. 7-7-0, quite a gain u po n the previous five,.years’ offerings T h e children have given grain and chickens, and gathered a nd sold firewood and brooms, and the a m o u n t of m o n e y realized is noteworthy, Before this year, the lessons taught the children were those portions of the Bible u po n which there were Tamil children’s books, which were used as lesson helps. Sad to say, the teachers ■would not teach the lessons, but per­ sisted in reading t he m from the books. So, w e decided to d o a w a y with lesson helps, and choosing forty lessons from the life and teachings of Christ, w e printed only the list and the references to the portions of Scripture to be taught, a n d the golden texts. T h e outlines of the lessons were taught the helpers in the monthly meetings, and they to think h o w to teach. T h e result is good. M a n y children in the village relate the lesson narratives, and recite the appropriate texts. Tamil lyrics have, as usual, been taught, and are well sung in a n u m b e r of schools. T h e persevering efforts and better w or k of the teachers have produced an increase in the average attendance in the village schools of 40, a n d in the station schools of 26, the total average attendance being 549. In Arni town the twenty teachers have a meeting after the S u n d a y mor ni ng service, to learn h o w to tell the appointed lessons

to their children in the afternoon. T h e y take turns in teaching the lessons to each other, all but the teachers imagining themselves lively town boys a nd girls. T h e lessons m us t be illustrated on the blackboard, discipline maintained, and sensible answers given to quizzing questions. T h e marked improvement in the teaching in Arni has proved the usefulness of this class. Although several of the teachers are lads of sixteen or eighteen years, they hold the attention ot classes of twenty or thirty H i n d u boys. T h e singing in the schools is very hearty, a n d m a n y of the children k n o w a n u m b e r of h y m n s a n d lyrics well. W e are fully convinced that Sunday-schools have worked good in our fields during the year, and w e attribute their increased usefulness to m or e consciensious and better methods of teaching.' Miss Scudder reports from Palmaner: There are six of these schools in this station; three held in buildings a n d three in the streets of the town; one was newly starttd at the beginning of the year. There are thirteen teachers in all, but of the n u m b e r several teach in m or e than one Sunday-school. T h e Sunday-school for heathen children, held in the Girls' School Building situated in the town, has m e t with s o m e opposition from a Brahman, and for a time the attendance was very small, but it is n o w recovering itself. T h e n u m b e r of pupils on the rolls in all of the schools is 204; of these 70 are are Christians and 134 are heathen. MEDICAL WORK.

There remains but one m o r e evangelistic agency to mention, and that is the medical work at Ranipettai. Dr. L. R. Scudder reports: ‘ " It is just thirty years since the Mission started the Hospital at R an i ­ pettai, n o w in m y charge. O n the 17th of March, 1866, it w as opened by Dr. S. D. Scudder. It w a s handed over to m e in September, 1889. In 1890, the n um be rs treated were very small indeed, being 4,686 out-patients and 310 in-patients. But since then the n um be rs have rapidly grown, till this year s ho ws the largest num be rs treated since the establishment of the hospital, or«., 12,264 out and 810 in-patients: total, 13,075 cases. Eightynine labor cases were treated in the Hospital, and 8 outside by the midwife, m a k i n g a total of 97. O f these, 34 were operative cases. It is in the surgical department that the greatest advance has been made. O n e hundred and seventy-four major operations were performed, and 1,065 minor. This is a very large increase, a nd especially indicates the confidence of the people in our work. T h e daily average of in and out-patients was respectively 2 8 1 7 in and 54.56 out-patients Three hundred and fifty-six places are recorded from which patients have c o m e for treatment. T h e figures for in­ patients would have been m u c h larger had w e been given all the funds w e needed. T h e popularity of the institution has grown. Large num be rs of patients apply for treatment, and w e have been compelled to send a w a y m a n y w h o were worthy of admission for lack of funds. T h e popularity is further s h o w n by the large n u m b e r s of self-dieting cases this year, i. e.t

people w h o have fed themselves and remained in the Hospital for treatment. T h e indications are that the Local F u n d Board, however sympathetic they m a y be towards the work, will not be able to devote increased grants to sustain and develop the work of the Hospital. A s has been s h o w n this year, the tendency will be to diminish rather than increase them. This is espe­ cially unfortunate, n o w that w e are to have the services of a thoroughly qualified lady physician to develop the w or k for w o m e n . T o c r a m p and h a m p e r us for funds now, w h e n w e need to spend m o r e to keep u p with the work, is very trying. A n increase of five hundred rupees the c o m i n g year would enable us to do a m u c h larger a n d m o r e successful work. W e can only pray that the L o r d will open u p a w a y by which this most important w or k m a y be m a d e m o r e effective. T h e W o r d has been preached faithfully to the patients throughout the year, a nd m a n y have had the great truths of redemption presented to t he m m o r e than once. But w e have no outward results to record in the w a y of conversions. COHOES GUDI Y A T A M


O f this Mr. W . I. Chamberlain reports:


This n e w enterprise, of which mention was m a d e last year, has been fairly inaugurated. T w o Licentiates have been stationed in G ud iy at am as the representatives of the Cohoes Mission, and although their aggressive w or k at first aroused suspicion and opposition, which look several forms, this has n o w been practically overcome by the judicious and faithful labors of the agents there. T h e Reading R o o m , opened in July, did m u c h to bring about a friendly relation between our representatives and the m o r e educated c o m ­ munity of Gudiyatam. . A t the instigation of one of the subordinate inspecting officers, and with the full consent of a n u m b e r of the leading people of the town, a proposal w as m a d e by us to assume the m a n a g e m e n t of the government H i n d u Girls’ School. This has received the approval of the Director of Public Instruc­ tion, a nd will probably g o into effect in April next. CONGREGATIONAL WORK. T h e most interesting, as well as the most important part of any missionary’s work, undoubtedly, is that which has most directly to d o with the strengthening and building u p of the Native Church. His ambition is to be used of G o d in establishing an independent, self-supporting Church. His constant prayer is that G o d will hasten the time w h e n that Church can standalone. His constant effort is to devise plans for the growth of the Christians under his charge, in the knowledge a n d grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, a n d there can be no question that the report under this division will most surely reveal the success or failure of the year’s work. J ud g e d by this test, the events recorded here prove this year to have been one of the most successful in the history of the Arcot Mission.

Notes of Success ^ notes of cou: age,[success and enthusiasm can ’ be heard in every report. There are to be seen, here a nd there, minor chords lightly touched. But they only serve to enrich the h a r m o n y and emphasize the fact that our song this year has been written in the rich tones of the major cleff, ‘' Praise G o d from w h o m all blessings flow.” T h e encouraging points to be especially noted are a gain of 9 out-stations, 2 native pastors, 125 families, 19 communicants, 336 baptized members, and 77 adherents. T h e gain of total congrega­ tion is 432, or a total of 7,945. Further, it is encouraging to note that 147 persons were received into the churches on confession of their faith, n o adults and 239 children were baptized during the year, 483 people were received from heathenism and placed under instruction. T h e end is not yet. O n e m o r e most encouraging sign is, that in this year of threatened famine the people contributed for congregational purposes Rs. 477-10-8 m or e than last year. There wasaslight fallingoff under benevolent objects. But the net gain over last year is Rs. 454-15-3. All of these taken together certainly indicate a long step in advance. W e will first glance at a few of the events that have added to the burden of our ordinary work, and that might be called discouragements. Important a m o n g these is the invasion of the Arcot ^‘‘^^ractics™*' ant* ^ e" ore stat>ons by the Salvation Arm y, w h o were " not satisfied with reaping where they had not sown, but actually attempted to lay hands on garnered grain. O f this invasion, Rev. W . I. Chamberlain reports: In January last, during the visit of General Booth to India, a so-called Salvation A r m y “ Village Demonstration” w a s announced to be held at Tiruvalam, a town situated in the very centre of the triangle m a d e by lines d ra wn between the three oldest stations of the Arcot Mission, Vellore, Arcot, and Chittoor, within which are the oldest, the most confirmed, and the most n um er ou s Christian communities of all those built u p by the labors of the Arcot Missionaries. Within this triangle are no less than 60 of the 125 Christian villages gathered duringjour 40 years of persistent evangelistic work, and in this small territory, comprising parts of three taluks, there are congregational, educational, and evangelistic agencies at work, that m a k e the entrance of any other Missionary body a pitiful waste of Christian energy, absolutely so in view of large tracts of country in India which are quite without Christian activities. Into this triangle the officers of the Salvation A r m y thrust themselves quite suddenly and u nannounced during the latter part of 1895, placing one or two of its agents in each one of m a n y of our o w n Christian villages. O u r o w n agents were instructed to walk in peace, so far as possible, with these uninvited guests, and to simply watch and report developments, which c o n s u m m a t e d in the “ Village Demonstration” already referred to. T h e Missionaries in charge of the workof thesestations attended the “ Demonstration," in order to test for themselves the truth of the reports m a d e by our agents, that it w as entirely dependent u po n our o w n Christian communities. A few hundred people were gathered, brought

together by the inducements which are so familiar and so easily successful in in this country— a great T a m a s h a or reception to s o m e distinguished foreign visitor, an accompanying feast and the sale of Salvation A r m y jerseys, w a r m a n d comfortable in this rainy a n d cool season, a nd sold at nominal prices— m u c h below the cost. A procession w as formed with torches and banners. W h a t w a s our surprise and a m u s e m e n t in observing that this procession was led by a c o m p a n y bearing the banner, “ Sekadu and Victory.” T h e village of Sekadu w a s one of the first that c a m e over to Christianity, quite thirty years ago, and contains s o m e of the best examples of Christians reclaimed from heathenism that are in our Mission borders. T h e Christians of this village have been long organized into a Church, with a native pastor, and have subsequently to this function completed a Church building, esti­ mated to cost Rs. 550, towards which they have received an outside contribu­ tion of but Rs. 250. T h e entire procession was m a d e u p of groups of Christians similar to this, w h o had c o m e out merely for participation in the tamasha. It w a s at once amu si ng a n d most pitiful to hear this really great Leader of the Salvation A r m y Hosts, in addressing t he m through an inter­ preter, tell these people that he had heard of the wonderful work of the Salvation A r m y in the Arcot District, a n d the large recruiting of soldiers, n ew s of which had c o m e to him over the seas, and he was greatly rejoiced n o w to see these Salvation A r m y soldiers! After this Demonstration the people settled d o w n again into their usual m a n n e r of life, with no desire for further association with the Salvation A rm y. However, the interference of the Salvation A r m y officers with our work a nd congregations b ec a m e so disturbing that w e sent a delegation of three of our oldest native pastors to Madras, to acquaint the responsible officers of this Presidency with the w o r k and possibilities of our o w n Mission, and to enter a protest against further interference. These pastors were received kindly, and inquiry was promised. Subsequently, the ‘ Col. of the M a d r a s Division,” a n d his chief of-staff, visited the field of the Salvation A r m y operations in the North Arcot District, and the latter sought and obtained an interview with the Missionary at Vellore, in which he admitted that the soldiers reported were mostly m a d e u p of our o w n Christian people; disclaimed any intention to deceive or to inter­ fere with existing Mission work on the part of the present Salvation A r m y regime, an d promised to m a k e a recommendation that would alter the condi­ tions to our satisfaction. Following this rather satisfactory interview, the Salvation A r m y officers were withdrawn from almost all our Christian villages, a nd peace w a s restored again for a season. O u r surprise increased, however, when, a short time afterwards, it w a s reported that a n u m b e r of the Salvation A r m y officers had taken u p their headquarters and established a Training School at Katpadi, the oldest and most prominent out-station connected with Vellore, the station of the protesting Missionary, a n d that from this n e w centre a vigorous w o r k w a s to be carried o n ; a n d it is further announced that this n e w Salvation Headquarters will be visited soon by the C o m m i s ­ sioner in charge of the L o n d o n Foreign Office of the Salvation A r m y , n o w on a visit to this country. T h u s is our last state worse than our first, and

thus are the complaints of other Missions against the Salvation A r m y con­ firmed by our o w n experience. ■ Another discouraging feature of the year’s w or k was the severe persecution that broke out in the village of Totalam, Vellore field, and the futile efforts to have the offenders punished. O f these events Rev. W . I. Chamberlain reports as follows : It w a s reported last year that the condition of the villages c o m p o s ­ ing the Katpadi group w a s improving, and that accessions in the near future were probable. In accordance with this expectation, a village in the western part of the field, a few miles from Gudiyatam, Totalam by name, was received under Christian instruction early in the year. T h e people of this village had m a d e application for a catechist and school, a year or two before, but until the n u m b e r applying for instruction reached a fixed m i n i m u m , w e did not feel justified in placing a separate catechist in the village. In F e b ­ ruary last, the usual written covenant w a s brought to us, with the requisite n u m b e r of n a m e s attached. A catechist was, consequently, placed in the village, and a thriving school opened, a house for the former, and a tempor. ary structure for the latter, having been provided by the people. T h e pros­ pect seemed very bright a nd the people, including those w h o had not signed the covenant, appeared happy in the possession of a catechist and school, although s o m e persecution had c o m m e n c e d , consequent u p o n the step they had taken. In M a y I visited the village and examined the school, w h e n the leading m e n were present, and seemed m u c h pleased with the condition of aflairs. I left a n u m b e r of catechists to carry on a short evangelistic tour in the region, and proceeded to the Mission Sanitarium for a period of rest. O n arrival at m y destination, I found awaiting m e telegrams announcing that the catechists had been surrounded a n d beaten, while preaching in a certain village, and that these people had subsequently proceeded to T otalam where they tore d o w n the school house, and carried off the material and school furniture as well, which, it was understood, were burned. T h e y also so seriously threatened the catechists and s o m e of the Christians, w h o h a p ­ pened to be gathered together in one house, which they barricaded o n the approach of the m ob , that they all fled in terror from the village during the darkness of the night and were afraid to return to their homes. O n the receipt of further particulars I returned, a nd entered into a careful inquiry, c a m pi ng at the village, although the air was thick with rumors of intended violence and disaster to our party. T h e people were encouraged to return to their village, the school house was rebuilt, the school re-opened and the whole disturbance reported to the police for inquiry, and the apprehension a nd punishment of the offenders. T h e police took u p the case and charged the accused before the Joint Magistrate, Vellore. Severe Persecution.

T h e subsequent history of the case, its transfer from the Joint Magistrate to the file of the Deputy MagisEscape. trate a nd its subsequent dismissal, on the grounds of insufficient evidence, need n o further mention here. Although the police authorities, w h o have carefully investigated the whole matter, thoroughly T h e Guilty

believe in the fact of the occurrence reported and in the guilt of the parties accused, the complications a n d confusion n o w existing are such that w e are advised not to carry the complaint further. T h e accused parties, thoroughly frightened by their narrow escape, a nd punished, to a certain extent, by the heavy expenses they have been called u p o n to meet, as the price of their illgained liberty, are not likely to carry their open persecution further ; but in innumerable and exasperating ways they will continue to annoy and distress the few Christians w h o have stood firm through all these fires of persecution T h u s ends the Totalam rioting case, the came celebre of the District for this year, which has risen to the dignity a n d importance of being m a d e the sub­ ject of questions in the M ad ra s Legislative Council. It is very difficult for the Missionary to restrain his indignation at the course which events have been allowed to take in this case. T h a t a few oppressed and down-trodden people should be so openly a nd seriously persecuted because of an innocent effort m a d e in their social and religious life— that the law should not only be appealed to in vain, but should even appear to support the evil doers in the grievous w r o n g which they have done these people— that open and flagrant violence should be apparently justified in the Courts of Justice— and that there should be no avenger for the w r o n g a n d oppressed, is truly a cause for righteous indignation. But the lesson to be learned is, undoubtedly, that the forbearance of the Master m us t find exemplification in the lives of His disciples, an d that it is through suffering, the Christian attains his crown. T h a t there is progress, although slow, in the face of great discourage­ ments and difficulties, is s h o w n b y the following extracts from the Tindi v a n a m Missionary’s report: By far the larger proportion of the Christians of this A Gigantic station reside in the villages, a nd it is towards their Task. elevation that the main efforts of Missionary are directed. T h e task is a gigantic one, its magnitude impressing m e m or e and m or e every year. E ac h Indian village is an organism, and a n y m o v e m e n t that touches one part produces a disturbing effect u p o n the whole. Hence, w h e n the low caste portion of a village, w h o are usually the hewers of w o o d and drawers of water resolve to b e c o m e Christians, the act naturally meets with resistence o n the part of their masters. N o t that the mere change of religion is a matter of great concern, but the effect that Christianity is sure to produce, is the thing that is feared. T h e c o m m a n d to cease from w or k on the Sabbath, the establishment of a school for the children, the introduction of Christian laws and habits are so m u c h at variance with the traditional life of the village,that hatred,opposition and even open persecution are almost sure to follow. But these external obstacles,though troublesome, are insignificant c om pa re d with the difficulties that confront the Missionary in the character of the converts themselves. Oppressed for centuries by the higher orders ; regarded as the filth a nd offscouring of the c o m m u n i t y ; treated m o r e like d u m b cattle than h u m a n beings ; possessed of all the vices of the higher classes, yet destitute of their intelligence and self-respect ; they constitute m os t unpromisimg material with which to build u p a Christian Church. It is

hard to conceive of a worse sink of iniquity than an ordinary Indian Paracheri. T h e foul atmosphere, both physical and moral, that proceeds from it, defies description. O n e wonders h o w a Christian can maintain his integrity in such an environment. D i d all the families of a hamlet c o m e over in a body, the question of their spiritual development would find easier solution, but generally only a small portion declare themselves Christians at first, and their heathen neighbors h an g like a dead weight on all their efforts to rise above their surroundings. W it h such untoward conditions, the spiritual progress of these people must, from the nature of the case, be very slow. Is it to be wondered at that at the end of two decades they have not attained spiritual independence and self-support ? That, however, distinct progresss is being m a d e a m o n g the converts, is evident on all sides. Their habits are m o r e cleanly ; they have more self-respect ; m a n y have g r o w n in Christian knowledge and experience ; arid not a few possess piety. In s o m e of the older villages, where the religious a nd secular instruction has been regular and systematic, there is a marked improvement, and Christianity seems to be firmly established. But the time for self-support and self-government has not yet come, although a gradual progress in that direction is being made. If it has taken Anglo-Saxon Christians m or e than a thousand years to attain their present type of Christian character, w e can afford to wait a little longer for a like result in India. T h e lights and shades are thus set forth in the Arcot Station Report : There have been the usual discouragements incident to village w or k in India a m o n g the poor Pariahs. In N o r Dark. several villages there has been no progress, and quarrels and dissensions have brought the congregations to the verge of ruin. A few have s h o w n that the chief motive that led them to b e c o m e Christians w a s a lively expectation of pecuniary help ; and w e have found it almost impossible to a wa ke n in such the higher motives. A few have reverted to heathenism in order to be able to marry their children to heathen relations. T h e dark side of the picture has been very prominent this year, and, to add to it, the Aug us t dry crops were a failure in m a n y of m y villages for w an t of rain, causing m u c h hardship, as the people depend on these very largely for their food supply. Following this, the very late appearance of the m o n s o o n a n d the failure of rain in the North raised a cry of famine, which in a very few days sent the price of grain u p to famine rates. T h e late rains have done something to bring prices down, but they are still above n o r m a l ; and the poor are still suffering. But there is the brighter side. It is not all dark. T h e dark background m a y only serve perhaps to emphasize the encouraging features of the yearâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s work, a n d they are not few. In Beasur itself a remnant is left w h o stood faithful in the midst of m u c h persecution a n d abuse, and if they stand firm and faithful, I have hopes that in time m a n y of those w h o are n o w disaffected will return. A part of the year I have had no helper for the village. But notwithstanding this they have maintained their Christian standing. There is thus a gleam of brightness in the cloud. In several other villages there has been growth and advance­ Not Light

ment, here and there w e can put our hands on those whose zeal and faith and constancy are a joy and encouragement. CHRISTIAN ENDEAVOR SOCIETIES.

That these Societies have been the m e a n s of doing m u c h good during the year, the following extracts s h o w : ■ Arcot:— T h e Christian E n d e a v o r Societies have contributed m u c h towards the growth in this field this year. T h e village society at Y e h a m u r has been kept u p regularly and continues to d ra w out the y o u n g m e n of that village. T h e society at Ranipettai a nd a m o n g the helpers has also done g oo d work in visiting the villages a n d stimulating the congregations. T h e meetings have been m or e spiritual a n d stimulating this year. A n d the influence of the Christian W o r k e r s ’ Conferance w a s distinctly visible in the meetings held subsequent to it. .— T h e Christian E ndeavor Society has regularly m et during the year, and has supplied teachers for five Sunday-schools. ■ Madanapalte:— T h e seventh anniversary of Y. P. S. C. E. w as cele­ brated with eclat in early N ov em be r. Eleven delegates were present from Vellore, Chittoor, Arcot, and Kadari, and the Madanapalle Senior Endeavor Society attended in a body. ■ T h e day began with early mor ni ng service and the anniversary exercises.proper followed later. A novel and enthusiastic feature w as a patriotic service held o n the very top of a neighboring hill, from which miles of the surrounding country could be surveyed, as thoughts and prayers for the conquest of the land for Christ arose. Refreshments were served by the Christian Endeavorers to all the guests and m e m b e r s on their descent from the hill, and the evening closed with an hour’s magic lantern evangelistic service in a neighboring village. T h e formation of the Senior Christian Endeavor Society is worthy sepa­ rate mention. T h e outstation catechists were not banded together in any way, nor united in any special work. A suggestion w a s m a d e to t he m that they form a Senior E nd ea vo r Society to meet at stated intervals, hold meet­ ings for themselves a nd form a party to preach to the unevangelized. It meant that they would have to bear their o w n expenses instead of receiving the customary Mission allowance w h e n out paeaching. It m ea nt m a n y miles of tramping for several distant ones, and it seems a fair proof of the genuineness of the interest they take in their work, that they heartily entered into the plan, formed a society, assessed themselves each Rs. 2 a year, and have not failed in all being present at the meetings, though s o m e have had to walk forty miles. T h e y have a record in eight mon th s of having visited forty places a nd preached to 4,697 people, beside stirring each other u p to better living. " Tindivanam :— T h e Christian E nd ea vo r Society is an invaluable auxiliary in the church work, a n d m u c h of the spiritual progress that has been m a d e is due in a large measure to that organization. In view of the threatened famine, a day of special prayer and fasting w as proposed and generally observed throughout our Mission. G o d ’s gra­

cious answer to the prayers, both by sending copious rain and also grant­ ing special spiritual blessing m a d e the day one long to be remembered. O f the observance at Madanapalle, Mr. Chamberlain writes: T h e long continued drought, raising prices almost to famine rates, and affecting especially the village Chris­ tians, most of w h o m are day laborers with no reserve, a n d living from h an d to mouth, begot the idea of a day of prayerand fasting. It w as mooted with m u c h reluctance, and only because it seemed the Script­ ural w a y in dire distress, for it w as feared it might be misunderstood or misused both by Christians and Hindus, as one had never been observed in the Mission. But most of the Missionaries and helpers a n d m a n y villagers received the suggestions heartily and observed the day. In this field, by previous agreement, congregational prayer meetings were held in the churches at 8 a . m . and 4 p. M. and family prayers in the houses at 1 P. m . and 8 p. M. T h e first two services were giving' to beseeching the out-pouring of G o d ’s showers u po n the earth, a n d the second two, asking for the out-pour­ ing of spiritual showers. T h u s there w a s attained a oneness of thought and time of petition through a region stretching for 50 miles East a nd W e s t and that very fact w a s an impulse to mor e earnest prayer. Only two very light meals were taken, one at noon and the other at night. G o d alone k n o w s the results. But t w o facts have been noted. T h e diaries of all the helpers, through the s am e 50 miles of country," shows that they were prevented from doing their usual w or k the second day after, by rain, and prices fell very decidedly. A t the afternoon meeting, at the Madanapalle Church, it seemed as though the I.ord fulfilled in s o m e measure, at least, Joel ii: 28, for not only w a s there a deep and serious spirit manifest in all, but two of the smaller but thoughtful boys, as though impelled, took part in prayer— something they have never been k n o w n to d o even in semi-public meetings. T h e Lord grant that the day m a y long bring a blessing. Rains have c o m e sufficient to supply fodder for the cattle, and allow tilling for dry crops. But tanks a nd wells are still emp ty and plenteous rains are looked and longed for. Special Prayer for Rala.

w o m e n ’s g o s p e l e x t e n s i o n


O n e of the most encouraging features of this year’s work w a s the for­ mation of the W o m e n ’s Gospel Extension Society, on lines similar to the m e n ’s. It is their purpose to interest all of the w o m e n of our mission, in working for their non-Christian sisters. It is proposed with the m o n e y collected to train and employ Bible w o m e n . It is not k n o w n h o w m u c h has been collected. But undoubtedly it will be e no ug h to employ at least one w o m a n from January, 1897. O f the enthusiasm with which this w or k has been taken up, Mrs. E. C. Scudder writes: “ A t the annual meeting of the Mission in January, there w as a little informal talk a m o n g several of the missionaries about the need of stirring u p the native Christian w o m e n to undertake independent religious work a m o n g non-Christian w o m e n . In February, before I had spoken to the Arni w o m e n on the subject, several of

t he m c a m e to m y study one day, a nd said that, after thinking about their alms-giving, they had decided that they were not giving enough, a n d that, hereafter they intended to put by each day a little grain from their food supply a nd give it once a week. T h e S u n d a y morning service was chosen as a good time for the offeiing, and since then a box has been passed to the w o m e n and their grain put therein, at the s a m e time the collection platesgathered u p their usual church alms. A m o n t h later, one of the w o m e n said to m e one day, ‘ In another station where I was, the w o m e n gave an a nn a a m o n t h alms in the weekly prayer-meeting. Several of us think w e would like to have that custom here. So, if you will open the subject at our next meeting, w e will speak about it too.’ T h e matter w a s discussed and agreed upon, and as a result of these two systems of giving the w o m e n in Arni have given Rs. 30-2-6 during the eleven months. In March, w h e n the village helpers were in Arni, they were told to insist u po n the establishment of weekly w o m e n ' s meetings in their villages, a n d to teach the w o m e n to m a k e special offerings at these meetings. This has been done in eleven villages, and the w o m e n have given Rs. 9-13-11. This is entirely n e w work, a nd the beginning is small, but w e hope for a great increase in gifts next year. In September, at the A nn ua l Helpers'Conference, over sixty w o m e n decided to organize a W o m e n ’s Gospel Extension Society, and the Arni w o m e n agreed to give their offerings to its work. A t the end of the year, as w e toured a m o n g our villages, I told those w o m e n about the Society, a nd asked t he m to give their offerings to help teach other w o m e n about Christ, and they willingly agreed. These gifts are all given by the w o m e n , because they are learning that Christianity m e a n s ‘giving toothers ’ rather than ‘ getting for ourselves.’ There are n o organized Missionary Societies in the field. T h e work of the main society is accepted as the object of their gifts, a n d the incentive is ‘ Freely ye have received, freely give. Mrs. L. R. Scudder reports of the m o v e m e n t at Arcot as follows: T h e weekly mothers’ prayer meeting has been held regularly with the w o m e n of the station a n d with growing interest. T h e y have also been con­ tributing to the W o m e n ’s Gospel Extension Society for the past five mon th s at an average of Rs. 3-5-1,not including any help from the lady mission­ aries. T h e w o m e n are m u c h interested in this Society a n d are anxious to see their m o n e y really put to work. A s yet the village w o m e n have not been roused to the point of giving, but I hope in 1897, to arouse their interest and get their share of contributions. T h e establishment of such a society as this, is a great step in the elevation of w o m e n . M a n y of them appreciate it and are rising with pride to the responsibilities. SELF-SUPPORT.

T h e most encouraging conditions of all are, however, noted in the reports under the head of self-support. Before this Katpadi w a s the only church wholly supported by native funds. This year Chittoor bravely assumes a position beside her. T h e t w o youngest of our native pastors thus have the honor of being entirely independent of the Mission. T h e following extracts from the station reports s h o w what has been done in this line:

T h e contributions of two churches in the Arcot field s h o w again an advance over last year. This is especially Contributions. encouraging because the dry crops on which the people depend largely for food, and from which they give a large part of their con­ tributions, were more or less a failure this year. T h e contributions for Pas­ toral support this year s h o w an increase of Rs. 10-12-7+ over last year, while under benevolent objects there w a s an increase of Rs. 12-13-6. B u t the actual increase for the year is only Rs. 3-10-1^ because the Melpadi Church contributed last year Rs. 30 to purchase a bell for themselves ; but it is encouraging to note that even in the face of scarcity and failure of crops, there has been an increase of Rs. 23-10-1^ in the regular contributions. T h e increase in the contributions of the Arcot Church has been even m or e m a r k e d . It has contributed this year for congregational purposes Rs. 138-3-5; an increase of Rs. 33-6-3 over last year. For benevolent objects the con­ tributions were Rs. 108-7-7, an increase of Rs. 60-3-3. This m ak es a total gain of Rs. 93-9-6 in the contributions of Arcot Church. It is growth along this line that w e need to watch most carefully to gauge the real growth of the church ; a n d w e thank G o d that there has been such a material gain over last year. • M o s t of the congregations in the Arni field are, I Growth feel justified in saying, in a better state spiritually, or b y Giving. perhaps it is safer to say morally, than they were last year. T h e helpers are better, the m e n in the congregations are better, the w o m e n are better and the children are better. A portion of this improved state is, I think, attributable to the fact that the grace of giving has been cultivated by various m e a n s and methods— giving what they o w e as well as giving to the support of Christian work. T h e topic has been pressed u po n all occasions and the results, though not yet what were aimed at, nor wished for, are fairly satisfactory. T h e first principle laid d o w n was that a m a n w h o has promised to pay a certain debt, a nd k n o w s he never intends to fulfil that promise, can never be a g oo d Christian. It is a fact to be regretted, yet nevertheless a fact, that so m a n y of our people have borrowed m o n e y with­ out the faintest idea of overpaying either interest or principal. T h e second principle laid d o w n was that people w h o had been “ c on ­ verts ” for a n u m b e r of years a nd did not help the Mission to the extent of repairing their m u d and thatch churches,could not be good Christians. This m a d e them gasp, but under the spur of leaky roofs a nd the absolute refusal of the Missionary to repair them, they in m a n y places set to, with the result that about Rs. 30 worth of work has been done on the church or school buildings by the people themselves. T h e “ p o o r !’ people still live and are better. A third principle: no Christian w h o does not help support his “ relig­ ious ” teacher, and besides that help send such a teacher to those w h o have none and do not k n o w of the Gospel, is a good Christian. This took half their breath a w a y from them. N o t that this doctrine or the other was n e w to them, they had heard it all from m a n y for years, but the present emphasis laid o n several “ principles ” at onetime seemed to startle t he m and they oil m a d e fine promises ! It is not the first time fine promises have been broken. S o m e tried fairly well to give the agreed a m o u n t to the Pastors’ aid and Increased

Gospel Extension Societies. A few succeeded and they are better Christians than they were. T h e total a m o u n t contributed to the two societies, about Rs. 244, is good considering the poor crops of the year. It being m or e blessed to give than to receive, of course the children could not be left out of the blessedness. Accordingly they, too, in each vil­ lage were d r a w n u p in line and asked whether they could not do something for others. Children always respond w h e n specially appealed to, a nd these poor little creatures w h o often k n o w what real hunger means, immediately entered most heartily into the project. T h e y were told that what they gave, they must first get themselves by their o w n exertions and not beg it from others, so various schemes were suggested and devised a n d carried out, with the result that the records s h o w Rs. 7-7-0 as having been given by the “ little ones.” Last year (1895), they gave all told in all the field, as. 10 ps. 10 ! T h e total a m o u n t of alms given is Rs. 417-1-7, an increase of only Rs. 10-4-0 on last year’s gifts, but if it be taken into account that there have been nearly forty Boarding School boys less this year than last, a n d it be k n o w n that each boy gives from his food six pies or lialf an anna, per week, it will be seen that the gifts from the village congregations t h e m ­ selves have far exceeded those given in any preceding year. It has been hard, constant work,on the part of the Missionaries a nd helpers of this station to bring about these results, but it has “ paid ” in m o r e w ay s than one, and all are determined u po n a still m or e vigorous campaign during 1897. T h e financial matters relating to the Chittoor Church Three-fold have m u c h improved. Altogether the congregation has Increase. contributed Rs. 325-8-3. O f this s u m Rs. has been given to benevolent objects ; Rs. 106-5-0 to the Pastor, both s u m s being purely native money. O u t of the church collections,amounting to Rs. 142-11-6, about Rs. 140 w as spent on the n u m er ou s widows, and other poor people connected with congregations and villages. It m a y be stated that the congregation has m e t its obligations to the Pastor by redeeming its pledge of Rs. 10 per month. T h e year began with a pledge amounting to Rs. 5-5-6 per m o n t h only. After a prolonged and very serious meeting, the monthly pledges rose to Rs. 10 and m or e per month. So that the congrega­ tion was finally able to pay in pledges Rs. 106-5-0 to the Pastor ; R s .23-i o 10 to the Gospel Extension Society ; a n d Rs. 13-11-10 to Sahodara Sangam. Putting together the s u m s received in pledges a nd from church.collections, in all Rs, 325-8-3, it will be seen that the givings of this year are three times larger than those of last year. It is interesting to note that the gain under “ congregational objects ” is not in only one or two stations. O f the eight stations,all but two s h o w a gain. W e would not have any one believe from reading these reports, that w e are just o n the point of self-support. Far from it, w e have still a long w a y to travel. But that a most notable advance has been m a d e in a year of considerable hardships is cause for rejoicing. T h a t in addition to these material signs of growth a n d advancement, there has been a growth in the spiritual a n d moral life of the people is the opinion of nearly all of the M i s ­ sionaries. F o r these tokens of a deepening spiritual life, w e render praise to God.

T H E N O R T H J A P A N MISSION. Organized 1859.

Missionaries.— Revs. G. F. Verbeck, D.D., J a m e s H . Ballagh, E. R. Miller, E u g e n e S. Booth, H o w a r d Harris, Jacob Poppen, Ph.D., and Prof. Martin N. Wyckoff, Sc.D. Assistant Missionaries.— Mrs. Verbeck, Mrs. Ballagh, Mrs. Miller, Mrs. Booth, Mrs. Wyckoff, Mrs. Harris, Mrs. Poppen, Miss W i n n , Miss A n n a de F. T h o m p s o n , Miss M a r y Deyo, Miss Julia Moulton, Miss M a r y E. Brokaw. In a review of the year just concluded, w e find 'abundant reason for deep-felt gratitude to our Lord and Master, as well as for encouragement o n entering this present year— 1897. A happy feature of the past year w as the comparative absence of disturbing events outside the M issionary sphere. There were times of political c om m o t i o n ; an important change of cabinet took place ; mar ke d progress was m a d e in commercial, industrial and similar directions, earthquakes and floods of unusual severity and frequency were experienced in various parts of the E mp i r e ; and a disastrous tidal w av e visited the North-Eastern shores, causing terrible loss of life and property. But happily none of these w as of a nature to affect the Mission w or k ser­ iously or in any sensible degree. T h e various departments of the Mission's operations were carried on quietly, steadily, and, in not a few instances, successfully throughout the year. _

O n the other hand, one or two matters of a s om e w h a t favorable tendency m a y be mentioned. T h e powerful national— s o m e call it patriotic — reaction of a few years ago, which not infrequently took an anti-foreign bearing, and from which all the Missions in Japan suffered m or e or less, assumed a m or e moderate tone during the past year. T h e need of co-operative effort, also, on the part of foreign a nd native workers has c o m e to be better understood and m o r e highly appreciated by the Japanese brethren. Again the shameful defection of the Doshisha from the American Board, which involved the perversion, from their original and legitimate purposes, of property a nd funds, a mo un ti ng to m o r e than half a million of American money, has operated rather favorably u po n the relations between all the Missions in Japan and the native churches. T h e lamentable event had s o m e w h a t the effect of a signal of danger ahead in the pursuit of such lines of proceeding. T h e importance and imperative need of abiding by sound doctrine and “ contending earnestly for the faith which w a s once for all delivered unto the saints,” have bec om e m or e obvious Favorable Conditions.

to all the other churches and to m a n y of their pastors and members, w h o at one time seemed rather inclined to follow the lead of the Doshisha. .


Theological Department.

T h e w o r k in this department of the Meiji Gakuin was carried on during the past year very m u c h as usual. There were, however, s o m e changes in the "teaching

force. T h e n u m b e r of students in active attendance throughout the year, was about thirty. Their attendance u po n the lectures w a s fairly regular, and their attention to study very faithful. A t the end of the Spring term seven y o u n g m e n were graduated from the regular department and three from the special. There would have been eight graduates in the former had it not been that Mr. N ak am ur a, one of the senior class, left the school in February to g o to America for the purpose of further study in that country. For this step he had the approval of the Faculty. T h e general conduct and dem ea no r of the students have been good, and in a great measure worthy of the high calling to which they have given t h e m ­ selves. M o s t of t he m have had w or k in connection with churches, preaching places or Sunday-schools, a n d in m a n y instances have proved themselves very helpful in this capacity. T h e spiritual tone of the institution is good, though not so high as one could wish. T h e meetings for conference and prayer, held monthly, have been well attended, both by students and teachers, and have been interesting and profitable to all. T h e students also h av ea weekly prayer-meetingamong themselves. This branch of our work, the w or k of the Theological Depart­ ment, deserves the warmest sympathy a n d most earnest prayers of us all.' T h e y o u n g m e n have trials peculiar to their situation, of which most people k n o w but little. Mr. Miller, w h o had taught in this department since the Fall of 1895, after the arrival of Dr. Poppen, in the middle of M a y , returned.'to Morioka. T h e w o r k of this department has been on the s am e lines as in previous years. D ur in g the year, sixty-seven pupils have been enrolled. T h e present n u m b e r of pupils is fifty, of w h o m thirty-four are Christians. Three were baptized during the year. T h e condition of this department has been quite encourag­ ing. In almost every case the attendance has been good throughout the year, and the w or k of the students performed in an excellent spirit. T h e graduating class n u m b e r e d five, two of w h o m are taking an advanced course, and one has entered the Theolological Department. T h e daily Bible classes are well attended, while m u c h interest has been taken in the prayer meetings and other religious exercises. Sabbath evening prayer meetings are conducted by the Y o u n g M e n ’s Christian Association of the department. T he se y o u n g m e n also conduct lecture meetings in different parts of the city. M a n y of the students are Academic


teaching in the Sabbath-schools, a nd are otherwise engaged in Christian work. FERRIS SEMINARY.

M a n y changes m a r k the past year in our school calDepartmeat. endar. T h o s e necessarily m a d e by the cutting d o w n of • expenses, gave the Faculty m u c h anxiety. Mr. Booth’s . return to America soon after m a d e us still m or e anxious as to the results. In lowering expenses, w e found it necessary to dismiss our Primary Department teacher, and take in his place a y o u n g girl without experience and able to d o but part of his work. T h e closing of the lower Primary Department, a nd the class which graduated in April, 1896, n um be ri ng 14, considerably diminished our numbers. Such classes as could not be cared for by the n e w pupil teacher, were given to the younger m e m b e r s of the Faculty; but this was not wholly satisfactory, as s o m e had to be dropped, and others received but nominal attention. This took all hope of additions to our numbers from us. Just at this time, an epidemic of K a k k e broke out in the school, and of the 45 pupils in the G r a m m a r Department, 30 were attacked by this disease. Four or five of these cases were very serious. B y the order of the school Physician and the advice of Dr. Eldridge, arrangements were promptly m a d e to close the school. O n e w ee k from the time the order w a s received, the boarding department w a s closed a n d the building vacated. There were several weeks before the government Primary School, whose schedule w e are following, would close, and the questions, ‘‘would our pupils enter those schools ? ” and ‘1would they leave them to return to us w h e n the n e w term opened after the S u m m e r vacation ? ” were often in our minds during those trying days. W h e n the Fall term opened, w e found our fears were well grounded, for fifteen had not returned. W e were thankful to know, however, that except in two or three cases, all our boarding pupils from the G r a m m a r department had fully recovered, and were in their places. W e found it i m ­ practicable to urge the return of the pupil teacher, and began a search for a n e w one. Great requirements and small pay do not harmonize in Japan any better than in the h o m e land; but fortunately, by limiting the hours to three per day, w e succeeded in obtaining the services of a teacher of experience. After a few weeks trial, he was given entire responsibility in the department. Its numbers and consequent usefulness would undoubtedly be greater, could w e employ the full time of this teacher, that w e might send h i m a m o n g the people and thus better publish the object of our school a n d its work. Mr. K u s a m a is an earnest Christian, a nd he and Mr. Hos hi no alternately conduct worship in the chapel. Primary

T h e work in the G r a m m a r department w a s too m u c h for one teacher to carry on, and soon after Mr. Booth’s return to America, the Mission employed Miss Griffin, a you ng lady residing in Y o k o h a m a , to take charge of the English Literature and Composition classes. She could give so little time to us, that classes Grammar Department

were combined a n d hours shortened, in order that all the G r a m m a r depart­ m e n t might have Composition work. S he reports as follows : " I began taking classes in English Composition a nd Literature at Ferris Seminary last M ay , a nd have found m y Japanese pupils very interesting, T h e y are studious a n d painstaking, and generally c o m e well prepared for their recitations. In Composition they all s h o w independent thought, and m a n y of them m u c h earnest Christian sentiment. In Literature they take m u c h interest, and s h o w intelligent grasp of the author’s character. . I a m surprised and pleased to find h o w well-grounded they are on g e n ­ eral subjects.” T h e Rhetoric Class w a s kindly taught by Mr. Harris, w h o c a m e from T o k y o once a w ee k for that purpose. Miss Moulton reports for the Music department as follows: “ There are 18 organ, 5 piano pupils, and 2 . 6 . special pupils in voice-culture. Considering that m os t of t he m have but a half-hour’s practice a day, they are m a k i n g excellent progress. T h e classes in vocal music are, o n the whole, steadily advancing . N o t only are their voices gaining in sweetness and accuracy, but their musical taste is all the while improving. It w a s gratifying to hear a lady the other day, herself an accomplished musician and teacher of vocal music in one of the Mission schools in Tokyo, pronounce Ferris Seminary “ the banner school in singing.” “ Objections have been m a d e against devoting so m u c h time to a d ­ vanced education in music. S o m e would have the pupils simply learn to play and sing hymns. I have observed that the girls w h o d o not get beyond that cannot play with half the ease, accuracy, and expression, that those do w h o are familiar with music of a higher style.” “ Without doubt, the ennobling and elevating influence exerted upon t h e m by the study of music not only brightens their school days, but will go with them all through their lives. Several instances might be cited; allow m e to refer to one only. S o m e time ago I received a letter from M iss W i n n ’s helper, one of our bright y o u n g graduates, w h o has recently gone to her reward in heaven. She wrote that often w h e n she c a m e in from her labors a m o n g the poor, dirty little children of the town, weary a nd disheartened, her greatest comfort was to sit d o w n at the organ, a n d play from a book which contained a fine collection of voluntaries by the best composers. 1 Nothing,’ she said, ‘ w as m or e soothing a n d restful.’” T h e reports from the Japanese teachers s h o w plainly that the loving care and interest bestowed has not been lost u p o n the pupils. Diligent and pains­ taking labor has had its reward, for one and all speak of the improvement a nd interest s h o w n by pupils in their several spheres of work. It is especially ■ interesting to hear the questions arising from interest taken in the Bible classes. T h e interest of the teachers is well illustrated by one sentence taken from a report handed me, which embraces the true sentiment of all. M u s i c Department.

“ M y Bible-class has not only been interesting and useful to m y pupils, but to myself also has proved a help a n d blessing.” T hr ee pupils have been baptized during the year, and another would have applied for baptism had she not been urged to wait a few mon th s longer, that she might better under­ stand the step she desired to take. Three girls have regular w or k in Sabbathschools, besides those teachers engaged with our o w n pupils. Eighty-eight pupils have been enrolled during the year, a nd w e begin ■ this year (1897) with four additional names. EVANGELISTIC WORK.

T h e province of Shinshiu ( N a g a n o K e n ) remained to be, as it has been for s o m e years past, the field w h e r ^ m o s t of the Mission’s evangelistic work is done. There are n o w stationed in this field Miss B r o k a w and Miss Deyo, with three or four native helpers, at Ueda, and five Japanese evangelists at the towns of N a g a n o and K o m o r o , on the railroad line, and at Suwa, Matsumato. and Sakashita, in the Southern part of the province W e have no evangelist resident at liada now, but this important town is periodically visited by Mr. Oguchi, the Sakashita evangelist. T h e nearly twenty years’ connection between the U e d a Church and our Mission was terminated in the spring of last year, and this church then placed itself under the Japanese Board of H o m e Missions. Although this change affords the Mission s o m e ­ what of a relief, there are features about it which are in the w a y of regarding it as an unqualified improvement. T h e church is as far as ever it w as from being independent a n d self-sustaining, and its condition generally is rather more inert than it was before the change. T h e Mission’s evangelistic work at Ueda, as well as at Morioka a n d Aomori, is reported by the missionaries stationed at these places, and their reports will be found here below. T h e other out-stations of the T o k y o - Y o k a h a m a station are mentioned in Mr. Ballagh's report, which reads as follows: “ During the latter half of the year 1S96, since m y return to Japan in the middle of June, I have been able to visit in person all parts of the w or k included in the evangelistic work of the Y o k o h a m a - T o k y o station, with the exception of Hakone, n o w cared for by the W o m a n ’s U n i o n Mission ; of Shizuoka, where the little w o r k w e had w as discontinued since A ug us t last, because at least three other Missions are carrying on w o r k in this city; a n d of Seto and Mizunomura, near Nagoya, which field is kindly looked after by m e m b e r s of the Southern Presbyterian Mission stationed at Nagoya. “ O n the other hand, extended trips were m a d e to three places never before visited by m e m b e r s of our Mission. I refer to Ishiimura and Shimoda, in Idzu, a n d the large city of Omachi, in Shinshiu.” ..

, ,,

.“ Viewing the field as a whole, there are encouraging& signs of progress in several localities, as for instance, at N a g a n o and Sakashita, in Shinshiu; at G o t e m b a and Ota, in Shidzuoka Ken, and at Yokosuka, in K a n a g a w a Ken. In other places there is hardly a perceptible advance, if not in s o m e cases an actual retrogression. In two particulars is this apparent, both largely due to the adverse influences by which w e a k believers, but recently e merged from heathenism, find them, Adverse Influences,

selves surrounded. O n e of these is loose morals with reference to the sacredness and inviolability of the marriage relation. Divorces and unfaith­ fulness to marriage v o w s have occurred in quarters where such heinous sins would be least expected. T h e other of these is a very painful and increasing disregard of the sanctity of the Sabbath. This is particularly conspicuous in districts where silk culture, with its undoubted urgencies at s o m e seasons, is the people’s chief pursuit. But it is not limited to these alone. Farmers, merchants, shopkeepers, and day-laborers, are all being infected with the growing Sabbath desecration. A once large and prosperous church, chiefly through this cause, has almost ceased to be a power for good in the c o m ­ munity where it is located, a nd would have been in danger of extinction had it not been for a sort of subsidiary help extended to it by our Mission, by w a y of affording it the gratuitous services of one of our evangelists. A reason, aside from poverty and a desire for gain, that m a y account for this disregard of the Sabbath, has been assigned by s o m e Japanese workers, and s ee ms to be entitled to n o small consideration. It lies in the defective char­ acter of the present constitution of the Church of Christ in Japan. T h e Sabbath is not there pronounced a holy day, to be sacredly observed; but simply a day for worship, the administration of the sacraments, and the offering of gifts, and there is n o discipline for violation of Sabbath observ­ ance. For the correction of these and similar evils m u c h is hoped from a greatly revived state of piety in the Chu rc h at large. There are indications leading to the hope that the W e e k of •Prayer will be greatly blessed to this end. Meetings have been held at Y o k o h a m a towards the close of the year, supplicating special grace u po n pastors and Christian workers. A threedays’ meeting of workers w as also held at K a m a k u r a on the last days of the year. There w as m u c h earnestness, and marked results were expected to follow. All things seem to wait for the descent of the H o l y Spirit to m o v e u p o n the hearts of G o d ’s people. “ C o m e from the four winds, O breath, a n d breathe u p o n these slain, that they m a y live.” . Dr. Verbeck reports as follows: “ W i t h reference to r the Shinshiu field, I need only add to Mr. Ballagh’s report that I went there twice during the past year. O n e of the objects of m y visits w a s the attendance at the periodical workers’ meetings, instituted in that field about two years ago. In the spring and fall of the year the five or six evangelists of Shinshiu meet together at one or another of the stations by rotation. O n e of us missionaries and the Rev. A. Inagaki usu­ ally attend these meetings. T h e object of the meetings is to afford the evangelists an opportunity for mutual consultation on the c o m m o n work, for the achievement of h a r m o n y in methods'of work, and for mutual encour­ a ge me nt a n d edification by m e a n s of concert of worship and prayer. Usually a topic relative to the work, previously selected and assigned, is set forth in a paper by one m e m b e r , and then discussed by all. T h e evenings of the days of meeting are generally utilized for public preaching in or near the t o w n s where the meetings are held. I m a y say that I a m sure these periodical Workers’ Meetings.

meetings have been of no little benefit to our workers, to ourselves, and to the people a m o n g w h o m w e held our gatherings.” • “ W h e n not actually in the field, I have various matters to occupy m y time. In M a r c h last I carefully prepared a n d published a 20-page tract, called, “ Reply to S o m e Objections C o m m o n l y Raised Against Christianity,” an edition of 6,000 of which w a s sold during the S u m m e r , a nd a n e w edition (10,000), which has just been gotten out. Then, n e w discourses have to be prepared, a n d occasional preaching and lecturing to be done in this city and neighborhood. I a m also one of four on a H y m n - b o o k Revision C o m ­ mittee, etc.” AOMORI.

Miss Wlan’s Report rev*ew,‘ng ffie w or k of the year 1896, w e regret ' that w e are able to report the addition by baptism of but one adult and three children. God's time to favor A o m o r i with a baptism of the Hol y Spirit does not yet seem to have come. T h e W o r d has been faithfully preached by the Rev. S. Maki, a n d expounded by the Bible-women during the year; but the visible results have not been striking. A n d yet, the w or k has not been without its encouraging features. Especially has the w or k a m o n g the w o m e n of late worn a m o r e encouraging aspect. T h e meetings have been better attended than before, and three w o m e n have given evidence of a change of heart, and are being prepared for baptism. O n e of these is the wife of a carpenter, living in a neighboring village. This w o m a n has for nine m on th s walked twice a w e e k into Aomori, a distance of eight miles out and home, to attend the services. It seems to m e that a w o m a n w h o has thus braved the heat of s u m m e r and the wintry winds, all in search of the salvation of her soul, must have the grace of G o d in her heart. W e have three Sunday-schools, with an average attendance of seventy children. I teach English three hours daily, at m y house, to twenty-five y o u n g m e n and boys, m a n y of w h o m attend the services at our preaching-place. W e were compelled to abandon, for a time at least, the w or k at the neighboring Noheji. T h e two families w h o were our chief supporters m o v e d away, and since they left the village n o one has taken a n y interest in our meetings. In July, the long-deferred n e w house, the generous gift of the W o m a n ’s Board, wa s completed; a nd now, for the first time since c om i n g to Aomori, I have a comfortable h o m e for the Bible-women and myself. There is a bright a n d cheerful r oo m downstairs, which I use as a class-room for m y boys and as a place for meetings. O n e of the events of the year w a s Dr. Verbeck’s visit in October. H e spent ten days here, lecturing and preaching to us every evening. His visit greatly cheered a nd helped us', and, I trust, has given an impetus to the work. W e have a little charity-school for poor children. There are n o w twenty-three children on the roll, and I trust it is doing good. T h e Bible is taught daily.


A t the beginning of the year I had in charge four village ^'SSReport™ S Sunday-schools, a nd was teaching in the U e d a Church ‘ Sunday-school. T h e latter I did not resume after the s u m m e r vacation. ( Th e attendance at the village Sunday-schools varied, o w i n g to a n u m b e r of different reports about our motives, which chiefly, if not entirely, originated with the public school teachers. They, for what reason w e k n o w not, oppose not only our work, but that of Christian workers generally. However, in t w o of the schools there has been a regular attend­ ance of forty (40), an d in the two others twenty and twenty-five respec­ tively. In m y N a g a n o Bible-class ten w o m e n have attended with a fair a m o u n t of regularity. Aside from the class, m a n y calls have been made, and w e believe there are s o m e sincerely interested. In Ueda, the class for non-Christian w o m e n w a s poorly attended, a nd I thought best not to resume it after the s u m m e r vacation, though the lessons have been given to the w o m e n in their homes, w h e n they have been ready to listen. If they would not c o m e to us, w e thought w e would go. to them. O n e of these w o m e n w a s baptized during the year, a n d three others are sincere inquirers. M y third Bible-class, c om p o s e d of our helpers a n d any others w h o are advanced eno ug h in Christian truth to understand the lessons, has been encouraging. O n e of the y o u n g ladies desires baptism. There has been a regular attendance of eight at this class. A s time allowed, since S u m m e r I have visited from house to house, taking the houses in our neighborhood first. In every case I have been invited in, a nd hope some good will result from the brief talks m a d e a n d the tracts given. This kind of work is an experiment. I do not feel it has been sufficiently tried to give an opinion as to its efficiency. In the spring I m a d e a tour of our field in Shinano, going to the farthest station, traveling about one hundred a nd eighty miles by ,l kuruma,' ’ a nd visiting six cities and one g o o d sized town. Meetings were held in each place for w o m e n a n d children, a nd Christians and non-Christians visited. T h e meetings, save in Matsumoto, were better attended than last year, and in lida there were said to be two hundred w o m e n present. I have not succeeded in getting a second helper,as I so m u c h desired to do, but Miss Izawa a n d I, since the first of N ov em be r, have opened two n e w women.’s meetings, one at Shinonoi and another atY am ag uc hi , with a good attendance ; also a Sunday-school at Shinonoi,with an attendance of at least fifty. Shinonoi is to be the junction of the n e w railroad connecting this “ Great W e s t e r n ” railroad with the T o k y o - K o b e R. R. ' It is encouraging to find that through the distribution of tracts a n d our village Sunday-schools, s o m e of the g r o w n people have b ec om e interested in Christianity, a nd have begun to attend the U e d a Church. O n l y two of the five Sunday-schools I n o w have are held on the Sabbath. “ Sunday-school ” describes the character rather than the day of the meetings for children.

T h e four children’s classes and two w o m e n ’s Bible classes last year were continued until the sum me r. This fall it seemed best to give u p the one connected with the U e d a Church, and to turn over the Sunday-school and the w o m e n ’s class connected with the K o m o r o church to Mrs. Kimura, w h o is carrying them on successfully. In the fall I w as able to secure a second helper, and then w e began w or k for children and w o m e n in another part of K o m o r o , three w o m e n ' s classes in villages adjoining Ueda, and another Sundayschool in Ueda, m a k i n g five classes for children and four for w o m e n weekly. In the w o m e n ’s classes they are taught knitting for an hour and then Bible truths for an hour. T h e attendance is small. ■ T h e one in K o m o r o is the best, from eleven to fourteen attending ; to the other only three or four w o m e n c o m e ; but I have reason to hope that m or e will c o m e from the N e w Year. T o the children w e teach only Bible truths and h y m n singing. T h e attendance is g oo d and the progress of the children most encouraging. In five of the schools the n u m b e r of attendants (regular) is from thirty to forty each. In Iwashita just n o w there is s o m e opposition, and the children have nearly all stopped coming. W e m a y have to give u p that place and g o s o m e ­ where else. There are still m a n y villages near where n o teaching has ever been given, and w e need m o r e helpers a n d workers. In addition to this, I try to spend two hours a day on the language, and have one "English class a week to fulfil the requirements of m y passport. In connection with the work in these different villages, w e have for the last m o n t h been distributing tracts from house to house. In winter, the m e n are at home, and spend m u c h time sitting idly around the brazier. So, after the w o m e n ’s class, every w e e k m y helper has called at each house a n d left a tract. B y selecting tracts that teach the fundamental truths and giving them consecutively, w e hope that the m e n in these places, as well as w o m e n and children, will get a khowledge of the truth. In every case but one, they have been gladly received and read. In closing, I feel that I must express m y conviction of the great need of and large opportunities for evangelistic w ot k that are still untouched, and urge u po n the Board the desirability of sending m or e missionary workers, m e n and w o m e n , to the interior— persons w h o will teach the fundamental truths 'of Christianity systematically and continuously to the large middleclass of the people. M o r e native workers, too, are needed, for by them a large proportion of the w or k must necessarily be done ; but they need to be under the direct and constant supervision of the foreign missionary. M t s s Deyo's Report.


Statistics. T h e present n u m b e r on the roll of the church is sixty-eight, of which, however, there are but twenty present as working members. D u r ­ ing the year one was received by baptism and five by letter ; one w a s dis­ missed by letter, a n d there were two deaths, both in Hanamaki.

T h e amo un ts contributed for all purposes were about $145, silver. T h e average attendance at prayer meetings has been thirteen ; at the church services, twenty-seven ; and at the Sunday-school, sixty-one. There are three candidates for baptism. Mr. Miller returned to T o k y o in M a y . at the dose of the Theological School year. O n the 15th of June the great tidal w a v e swept the north足 eastern coast of Japan; destroying s o m e 22,000 lives. Mr. Miller m a d e two visits to the coast, one from June 25th to 30th to Kamaishi, for the special purpose of reporting the disaster ; and the other from August 27th to September 2d, to the town of Miyako, w h e n he expected to see something of the distribution of goods by the evangelists of the differeut denominations working in the prefecture, but o w i n g to the heavy rains a nd floods he wa s prevented from m a k i n g his w a y along the coast, and had to return without having accomplished his object. . T h e pastors in Morioka organized themselves into a committee and sent out notice to all the churches and preaching places in Japan, and in response received s o m e thirteen hundred dollars. A t the first of July the Baptist minister a n d our workers at Morioka a n d Ichinoseki went to different points on the coast and distributed needed articles of food. Later, another committee, of. which our three helpers formed a part, visited the towns a n d villages of several parts of the coast, an d as far as pos足 sible gave with their o w n hands the materials for clothing or bedding they had bought with the m o n e y contributed. Except in the Sunday-school, which has g r o w n largely since the n e w church w a s built, and which is in a flourishing condition, the whole w or k is backward. T h e most disheartening feature is the indifference of the Chris足 tians themselves to either their o w n spiritual growth or the conversion of others. A Bible-woman from the^Bible school of the Presbyterian Mission c a m e to Morioka in October, a nd w e hope g oo d results will accrue from her labors Dr. Verbeck visited Morioka in D e c e m b e r and remained for ten days, preaching or lecturing m o r e than once a day, to audiences ranging from 100 10350. W h e n returning to T o k y o he stopped at Ichinoseki a n d lectured there twice. T h e effect of these lectures w a s especially good a m o n g the students, and w e hope for permanent results. T h e hostility which w as manifested against Christians a n d Christian meetings during recent years has n o w almost disappeared. This is specially s h o w n in the conduct of the school children. M a n y m o r e c o m e to the Sunday-school, and there is not the s a m e disposition to persecute those w h o do come. Hanamaki. T h e w o r k here has been discontinued since D e c e m b e r 1st, as the worker, Mr. Kobayashi, b e c a m e so discouraged that he begged to be allowed to leave. T w o of the believers died, two others w h o seemed to take s o m e interest in the services removed to Tokyo, a n d those w h o were left had not attended any of the services for months. It is not thought worth while to send another worker there at once.

Ichinoseki. Mr. and M rs. Sato have carried on the w o r k here with not m u c h to encourage them. T h e y have a Sunday-school, and there are a few inquirers. It has been decided to start a Middle School in the town, and Mr. Sato hopes that this will m a k e quite a difference both in the condition of the. town and also in the attitude of the people towards Christianity. Dr. V e r ­ beck’s lectures there will help to foster a better spirit. ’ W h a t is needed throughout the whole of this Northern part of Japan is the outpouring of the H o l y Spirit u p o n the hearts of the Christians first, and then on those w h o n o w neither k n o w nor care for the truth as it is Christ Jesus. T h e “ Y o r o k o b e n o Oto zu re ” (Glad Tidings), prepared and published by Mrs. Miller, assisted by the Rev. T. Miura, is issued twice a month.with an edition of 3,100, amounting to 595,200 pages yearly. T h e “ Little Tidings ” has an edition of 4^300, amounting to 206,400 pages yearly, maki n g a total of 801,600 pages yearly. B o t h these papers are illlustrated. & CONCLUSION.

W ha te ve r m a y appear of a m or e or less discouraging nature in this report, w e m a y confidently state in conclusion that there are several things which bear us u p in the midst of all our difficulties and give us n e w courage. T o state one of these, it is evident on every side that a leavening power is at w o r k and an actual leavening going on a m o n g all classes of society in the land. T h a t Christianity is m o r e thought of and better understood by think­ ing people than at any time before, is seen from the frequency of consider­ ate, if not respectful, allusion a nd reference to it in all kinds of public address a n d print. Owi ng , under the divine blessing, to the residence of m a n y devoted missionaries in all parts of the E mp ir e ; to the incessant preaching of the Gospel all over the country ; to the wide-spread influence of m ission schools a n d Sunday-schools u po n the youth of the land ; and finally, o w i n g to the extensive and well-sustained activities of the Bible and Tract Societies, as well as of religious journalism, the general recognition of the one true God, the fear of w h o m is the beginning of all spiritual wisdom, is gradually growing to be c o m m o n a m o n g the people at large. M u c h good is hoped for, u n d e r God's blessing, from the various services and exercises that will take place at the com in g celebration of the quarter-century existence of the Chu rc h of Christ in Japan. T h e Kai ga n Church at Y o k o h a m a , the first church in this Empire, w a s organized in the spring of 1872. Prepararations are being m a d e to do justice to the occasion— probably about the time of the next meeting of the S y n o d in July. M a y G o d pour out His Spirit abundantly u p o n all w h o take part, far and near, that His cause a n d our w or k in this land m a y experience a divine impetus, to the Glory of His Name.

S O U T H J A P A N MISSION. Established 1859.

Organized 1889.

Field.— T h e Island of Kyu -s hu a nd adjacent islands. Area, 15,552 sq. miles. Population, about 6,000,000. Missionaries.— Rev. H . Stout, in America; Rev. A. Oilmans, Saga; Rev. A. Pieters, Nagasaki; Rev. H . V. S. Peeke, Kagoshima. Assistant Missionaries.— Mrs. Stout, Mrs. Oilmans, Mrs. Pieters, Miss Couch, Mrs. Peeke, Miss H. M . Lansing, Miss M . E. Duryea.* ♦Mifis Duryea resigned, and became Mrs. It. B. Grinnan in September.







1 1 0 0



1 1 1

17 19

2 3


2 7 2

Oita§................... 20 Hita...... ............. Hiji ................


» 10 16







93 15 8 8

76 23 64 82 30 70

$19 4-7 3 20 2 00

7 17 * 12 30 27 36 25 10 13 90

2 65 3 65


11 15



1 0

2 52 30

$155 24 2 5 1 2

Benevolent contribu­ tions,chiefly for H o m e Miss. Soc.

a CO

Contributions for lo­ cal expenses, Jan. 1st, to Jan. 1st, 1896.





39 18 39 20 18 5

ts 0 ja

Pupils in the same.

Baptized children.

170 30+ 35 8 13

Adults baptized from Jan. 1st. till July let, 1896. Baptized children re­ ceived into full com­ munion. Candidates for bap­ tism, Bee. 31st, 1896.


Commnnicante en­ rolled.




4 80

9 71 1 20

2 50 4 35

8 40

6 GO


1 1 1

2 1

1 1

6 5

1 06

9 60 6 54




$275 27

$71 83

4 15

2 86

'Under Native H o m e Mission Society, whose Ifunds come half from this Mission, one-fourth from the Northern Presbyterians, and one-fourth from native Christians. ^Membership enrolled in neighboring organized churches. tFour (4) children baptized during the current year. ♦Contributions in Japanese Yen. One Yen=flfty cents, U. S. gold.

l past year has been a comparatively quiet one for Japan. There has been nothing striking in the political world. T h e changes inaugurated s o m e decades ago have caused the country to develop steadily along the line of popular enjoy足 m e n t of natural rights. Japan is fast becoming the heritage of the c o m m o n people. Early in the year, there was feverish activity along commercial lines, associated with considerable inflation ; and although a re-action has set in, it is not likely to be so sudden as to be disastrous. T h e events connected with the s u m m i n g u p after the China-Japan war, together with recent experiences in Formosa, have tended to chasten that over-abundant self-confidence, that has s om e w h a t characterized the nation in recent years. There seems to be a sober realization of the difficulties involved in simple national development, to say nothing of the complications induced by conquest a n d widened foreign relations. Intellectual development goes o n apace. A n e w university, to be located at the old capital, Kyoto, has been decided upon. N e w academies are being established in the different prefectures. There really seems danger in the over-abundant respect paid to a properly stamped diploma from the higher schools, though nothing but g o o d can c o m e from the great expansion a nd improvement of primary education. A Quiet Year.

There is more interest in religion than for s o m e years, , ,. . , though it pertains to the question of a desirable system of moral instruction for the youth of the country, rather than to the question of freedom from the guilt of sin. This latter question m a y be said to scarcely ever arise in _the m i n d of the average Japanese. There has been m u c h talk in newspapers over the desirability of a composite religion. T h e argument is that as there is no doubt m u c h g o o d teaching in Christianity, in B u d d h i s m also, and in Confucianism as well, what hindrance can there possibly be to massing the strong points of all, and having a relig足 ion that will be suitable and acceptable to almost everyone ? There are those even a m o n g native Christian preachers, w h o lend themselves to this sort of agitation, though no foreigner, other than the Unitarian representative, takes a hand in it. There is little open hostility to the Gospel this year. It is rare to find a m a n of intelligence w h o is not ready in a m o m e n t to say that Christianity is a good religion. H e does not know, perhaps, just what Christianity really is, but he has no objection to its promulgation, and thinks it in general an excellent thing for those that want it. There is just as m u c h slowness in the unregenerate heart to repent and m a k e confession of sin as in any other part of the world, a nd w h e n w e once begin to m a k e breaches in Buddhist families, there will be a great display of hate, but just n o w w e have few open obstacles. Increased Interest In Religion.

This has been a year of simply average success on our field. There has been faithful work, a n d s o m e results. There has been no cause for very special elation, and none for very special regret. O n e cause for rejoicing has been the increase Average Success.

in ability to use the vernacular on the part of the Mission as a whole ; while a cause for regret has been that one recently graduated evangelist, and two students for the ministry, were led by the rampant commercial spirit, or s o m e other cause, to forsake the work. T o this latter category w e ought to add a case of grievous sin on the part of a preacher's wife, that eventually threw her husband out of the work. But there has been compensation even in such cases as these. Again, it has been very gratifying to note h o w our helpers have worked on in spite of difficulties induced by a great rise in the cost of living. ^

Before passing to a m o r e particular review of the work, w e wish to say a w or d in regard to our native helpers, for in Japan, quite as m u c h as in other mission fields, if not more, the foreign religious idea finds its direct entry into the heart of the native through the ministry of a consecrated native worker. Aside from all other considerations, it still remains that the foreigners are few a nd the natives m an y, although each would be comparatively useless without the other. First and foremost, w e would mention Rev. A . Segawa, w h o stands in the relation of son to one of us, and brother to the rest. H e is n o w in America, and his excellencies have b e c o m e k n o w n to m a n y there during the last year. T h e n c o m e the older men, Messrs. Awaya, Kawasaki, Ishigami, Yoshidomi, H e m m i and Hirayama. T he se m e n have been Chris­ tians for from fifteen to twenty years, and s o m e of t he m connected with our w o r k for nearly an equal period, though the two last n a m e d are n o w laboring under the native H o m e Mission Board. Messrs. Moriyama, Hamaguchi, Saka, K a m i m u r a , Shiraishi, M u n a k a t a and Miyage, form a sort of middle class in point of age and experience, though they are Christians and workers of long standing, and m e n u p o n w h o m w e greatly rely. After these w e mention a younger class of men, Messrs. Ichinose, Ikeda, Tokumitsu, Hirotsu, Yamakita, Tokunaga, Yoshitake, Yos hi wa and Takahashi. A m o n g these are s o m e of the best trained and energetic workers that w e have. T o this list w e m us t add Mr. Saito, w h o has been prominent inSturges Seminary u p w a r d of a dozen years. U p to the present there has been w a r m sympathy between the native and foreign workers, and it is our prayer, and w e trust it will be yours as well, that our labors m a y be mutually helpful for m a n y years to come. These are not perfect men, nor by any m e a n s equal in gifts, piety or effectiveness, but with rare exceptions, they are m e n to be admired, and it is our jud gm en t that each one is carrying o n his w o r k from sincere love for the L or d Jesus. • Helpers


7'heological Department of Steele College.— T h e teaching force has been

very short-handed, o w i n g to the absence in A m e ri ca of Dr. Stout and Rev. A. Segawa. These two m e n have in a peculiar sense been the school for so m a n y years, that it would be by n o m e a n s adequate to simply say that the teaching force w a s reduced b y two. However, w e have enjoyed the continu­ ance of the valuable assistance of the Rev. R. B. Grinnan, of the Southern

Presbyterian Mission. T h e condition of the school during the first six m o n t h s of the year w a s very satisfactory. T h e pupils n um b e r e d eleven. A n excellent class of six w a s graduated in June, two of w h o m are n o w laboring in connection with our mission, and the others with the missions of the Presbyterian churches. In the fall no n e w m e n entered, and one of the former students w a s prevented from returning, so that, even with the re­ entrance of one of our y o u n g men, w h o had been in the field for a year or two, there were only five theological students. O n e of these left during the term through dissatisfaction with certain action of the Classis. It is a dis­ appointment to have so few pupils in this department, but under the circum­ stances, the teaching force being reduced to two, Revs. Grinnan a n d A o y a m a , it is perhaps better so. T h e n u m b e r of pupils is as follows:— Seniors, 2; Middlers, 2; Juniors, o. . Academic Department of Steele College.— T h e past twelve m on th s have been to the school a period of many changes, of constant anxiety, a n d great losses : but also of gracious providential leadings and substantial gains. T h e school year 1895-6, had opened with a considerable increase in the n u m b e r of students, but had closed with a disturbance of a very serious nature. This disturbance a nd the accompanying circumstances generated disorganization and discontent a m o n g the students, in consequence of which the n u m b e r in attendance rapidly decreased. A b o u t one-third of the pupils had left the school before the end of the year, bringing d o w n the enrollment from almost fifty in D e c e m b e r to less than thirty-five in June. T h e m o v e ­ m e n t extended even to the teachers, for three of our best instructors presented their resignations. O n e of these had been with us from the foundation of the school, a period of nine years. T h e reasons for their resignations were various. In May, the Rev. A. S e g a w a left us for a year of travel a n d study in America. His loss has been severely felt in the year’s work. A t about the s a m e time the Rev. M . O g i m i presented his resignation, which w as accepted by the mission, but did not take effect till the first of August. T h e end of the school year also brought us to the termination of the teaching w or k of a y o u n g man, a graduate of the Class of 1893, w h o had acted as tutor to the lower classes. T h e mission had thus to find four n e w teachers in this institution, and to arrange for the w or k of t w o others. W i t h all these changes, it is a matter for congratulation that the Chris­ tian character of the faculty has m a d e distinct gains. It is sometimes u n ­ avoidable to have non-Christian teachers even in mission schools, but such a condition is certainly unfortunate, and w e have reason to be thankful that our school is out-growing it. ( There being no native at hand to w h o m the executive m a n a g e m e n t of the institution could be entrusted, on the resignation of Mr. Ogimi, Rev. A. Pieters w a s placed in charge as Acting President. T o assist h i m in the details of man ag em en t, and also to place the Biblical instruction on a m o r e satisfactory basis, a graduate of the Theological Department Class of 1895, w as engaged as a helper. Finally, in order to adequately provide for

the English classes, an d also to give Mr. Pieters s o m e time for the study of Japanese, by special permission of the Board, the services of Mr. A m o s A. Davis, a graduate of D o a n e College, Nebraska, w h o had c o m e out under the Y. M . C. A. Committee, were secured for the school. T h u s during the first nine mon th s of the year, six teachers had temporarily or permanently left the school, while seven others had been engaged to supply their places. It was, therefore, a n e w school that opened in September. In spite of the distracting influences prevailing during the first part of the year, during the last three m on t h s there has been gradual improvement. There has been a general desire o n the part of both teachers and pupils to do their best, and maintain good order a nd discipline. There has been n o trouble between pupils a nd teachers. In connection with the visit of Mr. J. R. Mott, General Secretary of College Y. M . C. A ’s., a local association was formed. It is expected that this will w or k together with certain other forces to a wa ke n a m o r e spontaneous a n d genuine religious spirit a m o n g all the students. T h e adoption of the part of the pupils of a distinctive school cap, indicates' the a wakening of an esprit de corps. A n excellent spirit w as also manifested in the care taken of a student, w h o fell ill of a dangerous contagious disease, an action on the part of his fellows which required not only sympathy, but real courage as well. Another noteworthy indication of g oo d spirit is the organization in T o k y o of a Steele College Club, c om po se d of'former students of our schools n o w residing in the capital for the prosecution of further studies. T he se things are encouraging, a nd s h o w that there is gradually growing u p a b od y of earnest men, actively and intelligently in sympathy with the cause which our school represents. T w o m e n graduated from the A ca d e m i c Department in June. O n e of these is looking forward to the ministry. T h e other is not a Christian. T h e present numerical condition of the school is s h o w n in the following table: ■ • Seniors, 1; Juniors, 4; Sophomores, 8; Freshman, 3; 1st Prep., 8; 2d Prep., 17. Total, 41. Prospective Preachers, 5. A t the close of the year, with due allowance for all losses, w e m a y rejoice over a distinct gain in the discipline of the school, a corps of teachers, c o m ­ posed almost entirely of Christians, a n d n e w life in the daily Bible classes; while the conception of Christian education, as distinct from education in1 general, has m a d e a long stride forward. Sturges Seminary.— This has been a year of nearly as m ar k e d changes in Sturges Seminary as in Steele College. Early in the year there w a s discord in the school, stirred u p by one of the teachers. A s a result, between dis­ missals a n d resignations, three teachers are n o longer with us, a nd the cir­ cumstances attending the graduation of a class of ten girls were not as pleas­ ant as they otherwise would have been. In fact, though having finished the course, a n u m b e r of the girls did not regularly graduate. This unpleasant­ ness, while bringing disappointment in s o m e ways, also served to m a k e con­ spicuous the good qualities of s o m e others of the pupils, and also to s h o w that there is considerable outside interest in the school. T h e n e w teachers obtained in place of those w h o left are all Christians, and as a teaching force

are not inferior. T h o u g h twenty pupils have left during the year and twenty-four have entered, the enrollment has not greatly varied at any one time. A t present there are fifty-four pupils, of w h o m thirty-two are board­ ers. T we lv e of the pupils are Christians, three having professed faith during the year. A K i n g ’s Daughters Society is thriving. T e n girls receive board and tuition free, several pay from one-third to one-half, while one-third of the pupils pay all their o w n expenses. During the year six hundred and t w o yen have been received from the pupils for board and tuition. Viewed from the buying power of a yen in this country, this a m o u n t would represent the receipt of about $2,500 by a similar school in the United States. Evangelistic Work for W o m e n .— T h e first half of the year w a s spent by Miss C o u c h at Saga. S h e r emoved to Nagasaki in July. A t Saga her w o r k w a s teaching the Bible in Japanese to a class of five w o m e n , one of these her personal helper, and one a day pupil. H e r helper, Miss Muto, taught the other four w o m e n in the O ld Testament a n d in Biblical G e o g ­ raphy. A Sabbath-school w as held for the children of the neighborhood, the attendance varying from two pupils to fourteen. T w o of the older children were very regular in attendance, a nd by the time Miss C o u c h left Saga, seemed to have gained at least a very fair head knowledge of the w a y of sal­ vation. In January the w o m e n enjoyed the privileges of Mr. O i l m a n ’s Bible school. T h e winter term closed in M a r c h with quite satisfactory examina­ tions. After that Miss C o u c h gave most of her time to the study of Japan­ ese, still having one Bible-class with her helper, and also a weekly Bibleclass of boys from the Saga H i g h School. H e r helper took u p the w or k of visiting w o m e n in their homes, which she continued te d o during the summer. Since September, Miss C o u c h has been living in Sturges Seminary, to­ gether with her helper and one of her former pupils. She teaches these w o m e n as before, and in addition, she and her helper teach the Bible four • times each per w ee k in the Seminary. H e r helper has w o r k in the Sundayschool, a weekly Bible-class of w o m e n and also does a little outside visiting. T h e examinations at the close of the fall term were very satisfactory. Ch ch Rev. A. S e g a w a was pastor of the Nagasaki church Work till M a y . It w a s then cared for by the elders till fall. A t that time there w a s a rallying of forces, and a y o u n g m a n from the main island w a s chosen as stated supply. T h e monthly ex­ penses of the church are n o w about seventeen yen, of which about twelve c o m e from purely native sources. It is the nearest to a self-supporting church that w e have ever had. T h e Sunday-school and Christian Endeavor Society are both flourishing. Mr. Shiraishi has lived in the city, a n d carried on an encouraging work there. A n u m b e r of conversions have rewarded his efforts. Mention should also be m a d e of a w o m e n ’s prayer meeting and Bible-class, with Mrs. Pieters as the principal worker. There is also a Sunday-school carried o n by Mrs. Grinnan and Sturges Seminary girls. KAGOSHIMA STATION.

T h e Rev. and Mrs. H . V. S. Peeke occupy this station. Their position in K a g o s h i m a has gradually bec om e m o r e assured as evinced by a request

from the city authorities that they pay local taxes, a nd by their getting a lease on their present residence till June, 1898, and putting u p a small study and guest r oo m in one corner of the yard. T h e life of two graduates of Sturges Seminary has been m o r e or less identified with their own. O n e has resided o n the c om po un d, has conducted a ragged school, studied music a n d m a d e herself very helpful as a Christian worker, while the other, residing with her uncle, has devoted herself to music with the idea of eventually b ec om in g a teacher. T h e missionary in charge has m a d e t w o full tours of the field. This, with other traveling on mission business, has kept h im o n the road for four full .months. Mrs. Peeke has overseen the ragged school, which has had a total enrollment of 16, a n d an average attendance of 10. She has carried on one, and part of the time two Sunday-schools, and during the last two m on th s of the year has had a weekly meeting for the neighbors, w h o have gathered to the n u m b e r of twenty, a nd listened to the teaching of the Gospel. Kagoshima.— T h e year has been encouraging. Three m e n were b a p ­ tized. in the spring, and all continue earnest and faithful. O n e is m u c h absent, being a surveyor, but one of the others, an accountant in a public office, is unusually active and well grounded in the faith. W e hope to m a k e h i m a pillar in the church. T h e other is a middle aged m a n of fewer gifts but of very satisfactory piety. W e trust that this addition of strength is the beginning of n e w things for this church. T h e S u n d a y audiences have been between fifteen and twenty inside the house. T h e n u m b e r hearing outside has been varied. O n the whole, the congregations have been considerably m o r e satisfactory than last year. There has been systematic collection of funds for local expenses. O n c e a m o n t h the preacher has crossed the bay to T ar um iz u and held meetings. H e r e two elderly w o m e n received baptism. A w o m a n w h o spent s o m e m on th s studying with Miss C o u c h is h o m e there at present and is very helpful to the other Christians. T h e w or k is gradually getting on a firmer basis, a n d w e face the future with m u c h hope. Miyakonojo.— Great disappointments have characterized this w o r k this year. In the spring it b ec am e k n o w n that the wife of the preacher had been guilty of repeated moral delinquency for s o m e time back. T h e preacher i m ­ mediately resigned and left. Matters were thus thrown into confusion. W e were greatly rejoiced w h e n the Mission sent one of its most promising theologi­ cal graduates there in July. H e started into his w o r k with enthusiasm, but after three months, abruptly resigned. After this recital, it will not seem strange that there has been n o fruit here for over three years. It is, however, a very promising field, and offers m a n y encouragements to the right man. In m a n y respects it will be like beginning anew, though there are five w o m e n w h o are Christians and t wo other people w h o are rather m or e than mere inquirers after the truth. Taniyama.— T h e preacher here is Mr. Miy ak e Shunsuke. H e has been a Christian sixteen years, a preacher for five. Before that he w a s a physician. H e is not a strong preacher, but his knowledge of Scripture and grounding in the truths of the Gospel are ahead of that of almost any m a n w e have. H e

is laboring in. a district about thirty miles long and from a few rods to a few miles wide, lying'between the mountain and waters of the bay. H i s forte is personal work, a nd he has here a g oo d field for operation. There are at present n o Christians a nd no other workers in this strip with about 25,000 people. Early in the year w e baptized the wife of an official living at T a n i ­ yama. She has since removed to a distant city, a nd w e hear of her that she has identified herseif with the church, an d has her boys in Sunday-school. W e mention this because it does not always happen that people on removing take their Christian profession and church certificate out of their packing boxes. Kawanabe.— Mr. Takahashi Takechio is working here. H e has been a Christian for s o m e seven years, a n d for about half of this time was working without remuneration in the famous Ishii O r p h a n Asylum. T h e lady w h o is at present his wife w a s also a worker in that institution for s o m e time. In our mission he has been a language teacher, and has preached in the K a w a n a b e district for nearly two years. H e is very active a n d m a k e s friends very easily. W h e n he first went there the people of the town were very cool, but n o w he is received cordially everywhere. H e visits three other places, one ten miles south, the others north of K a w a n a b e . Here, too, he is w ar m l y received. T h e Christians a nd a half dozen interested persons have gathered regularly to worship, and one w o m a n has been baptized. Tak in g a general view of this field, w e see that there have been seven m e n engaged in the work, of w h o m two have resigned. There has been preaching done with considerable regularity at twenty-one different places. There have been eight adults and one child baptized. This has been n o remarkable progress, but still there has been something of a steady o nw ar d movement. SAGA STATION.


T h e Missionaries at this station are Rev. a nd Mrs. A. Oilmans. U p o n grounds rented on a twenty-five year lease, a house.was built for the missionary family, the cost being covered partly by the m o n e y secured as insurance from the former residence of Mr. Oilmans at Nagasaki, which w a s burned during his furlough in America, a n d partly by a special appropriation from the Board.. Early in the year the first winter Bible-school for the preachers of this station w as opened at Saga, and continued during nine days. All the native preachers, as well as the Bible-women of Miss Couch, attended regularly, and the unanimous testimony w a s strong in favor of such Bible study year by year. A Wide Field.

T h e whole Saga field, which extends from the vicinity °f Nagasaki clear through to the northern part of K y u ­ shu and along the inland-sea coast as far as Oita, c o m ­ prising at present thirteen out-stations a n d m a n y preaching places besides, w a s visited in regular order by the foreign missionary in charge. This past year he has paid special attention to the condition of the Christians in all

these places, meeting with t h e m and visiting their h o m e s together with the native evangelist in charge at each out-station. During the year a Bible-class for students of the H i g h School at Saga was kept up, limited, however, strictly to such times as the evangelist was h o m e from the field, he never staying h o m e solely for it. " F r o m D e c e m b e r 1st, Mrs. Oilmans has employed at her o w n charges, a Bible-woman, w h o is to teach her the Japanese lanaguage, an d for the rest w o r k a m o n g the w o m e n of Saga. T h e special reports for the out-stations are as follows. Saga.— T h e Chu rc h m em be rs hi p (Saga is an organized church) w a s not very large until the sum me r, w h e n all the m e m b e r s of the church of the Episcopalian b od y in this place, for reasons which to t h e m seemed sufficient, left their o w n denomination, and joined us in a body. ,In point of m e m b e r ­ ship and efficiency this has considerably strenghened our work. . City preach­ ing outside of the church has been considerably interrupted by reason of the difficulty of finding a suitable location. T w o preaching places, one about five a nd the other about fifteen miles out, were kept u p throughout the year. Karatsu.— This is the only other organized church connected with this station. Four preaching-places are connected with the church work, lying from three to ten miles outside of Karatsu. T h o u g h serious trouble about cer­ tain expelled m e m b e r s has harassed the church for a long time, the conditions and outlook are not discouraging. It is to be hoped that the trouble will soon be settled. Sasebo.— This is the Naval Station of Kyu-shu. T h e condition of our w or k here is very variable by reason of the frequent transfer of church m e m ­ bers connected with the navy. Mr. Yoshitake has continued to labor faith­ fully for the cause, though little substantial success is visible. T h e place itself is morally very low, a nd there is great need of Gospel work. O m u r a .— This out-station has had on the whole a properous year. Mr. Ikeda, our evangelist, has labored very faithfully, a n d has attained a wide sphere of usefulness. T h e recent placing of a garrison here has m a d e it a m o r e difficult place in which to labor, for financially things g o up, while m o r ­ ally they g o down. But there is only the m or e need for a testimony of right­ eousness and saving power. K u r u m e .— This is a very thrifty place, a n d an important center of trade in Kyu-shu. Several were baptized during the year. A preaching-place ten miles out is visited twice a month. There is one Christian family here, and the lonesomeness of such a family, as Christians, can hardly be realized. T o look after such isolated Christians becomes m or e a nd m or e of a serious prob­ lem. It needs m u c h time a nd earnest effort. . Hita.— This is an out-station all by itself in the interior, without easy m e a n s of access. Mr. Tokumitsu, w h o has charge here, labors faithfully a n d gathered several inquirers together, but by the time they were ready for baptism their business called t h e m a w a y to other places. This is very dis­

couraging to the evangelist; but his consolation is in the words of the L or d Jesus: ‘'O n e soweth, a n d another reapeth.” Nakatsu.— W e have a goodly n u m b e r of Christians here and a promis­ ing field. A separate preaching-place is kept u p in another part of the city, and still another about seven miles out in the country, where w e have several Christians. Mr. A waya, being an old and experienced m a n , will be of great help, w e trust, to the Christian c o m m u n i t y and to the Sunday-school work. Usabara.— H e r e is thework for “ Eta,” out-casts, with Mr. T o k u n a g a i n charge. H e has wholly given himself to this work, and is a m a n of m u c h prayer and real piety, as far as w e can judge. All prejudice against h im and his efforts have died away, and there is a real fellow-feeling already between h i m and the poor Eta. A n effort is being m a d e n o w for the establishment of an Industrial School, a n d with the aid of s o m e Christian friend, or friends, in America, this ought to be brought to a successful issue. T h e Christians in that district, living near Mr. T o k u n a g a and his work, are a great encoura g m e n t and help to h im in his difficult task. Hiji.— This is at present one of the most encouraging places in this district. Several have signified their desire to be taught Christianity, and s o m e are waiting n o w for Mr. O il ma ns ’ coming to be baptized. O n e convert, a m a n of considerable ability a n d excellent report, wishes to study for the ministry. Oita.— This is the extreme out-station of the district. T h e w or k has been slowly, though steadily, progressing. S o m e baptisms have taken place, and a large n u m b e r of people have been reached with the Gospel. General Remarks— O n the whole the outlook in the Saga District, yes and in the entire field, is encouraging. Larger circles of people are reached with the Gospel message, and Christians are being built up. M u c h w e could wish otherwise than it is, but w e must not undervalue the tremendous odds against which a spiritual, unselfish and largely u n k n o w n religious cause has to contend at present in Japan. W e are not discouraged, and pray with m u c h confidence for future success.

T H E A R A B I A N MISSION. Organized 1889.

Incorporated 1891. Ado pt ed by R. C. A . , 1894.

Missionaries.— Rev. J a m e s Cantine, S. M . Z w e m e r , P. J. Zweraer, H . R. L. Worrall, M . D . Assistant Missionary.— Mrs. S. M . Z we me r. Native Assistants.— (9) Isa A b d El Messia, Murad, D a o o d Murad, Jusef Micha, Daniel, Ibrahim Saeed, Colporteurs; M a r k u s Galustian, Dispensary Assistant; Elias, Arabic Teacher; S. M . David, Teacher Rescued Slave School. • T h e M ission o c c u p i e s :

1. The Busrah vilayet; area, 50,000 square miles, or about the size of N e w Y o r k State; population, 700,000. 2. Bahrein Islands and Adjacent Coast; area, undefined; population, 300,000. 0 3. Oman; area undefined; population, 500,000. S t a t i o n s .— Busrah, 1891, Bahrein, 1892; Muscat, 1893; A m a r a occu­

pied as an out-station in 1895; W h e n a large building is not yet in process of construction, a n d the foundations only are being laid, the plan of the architect can best be seen from the model, and not a mi d the diggings and stone-breaking and loose material. H o w m u c h m o r e is this true w h e n T h e Great Architect is laying the foundations for H is spiritual temple in Eastern Arabia? W h e n two of us c a m e to the peninsula five years ago w e were permitted to stretch the measuring line from corner to corner, and study G o d ’s plan for the building on our knees. Since then w e have received, once and again, reinforcements, but even n o w the foundations are only beginning to be laid, and there is so m u c h rubbish about that it is hard to see m u c h progress from year to year in the superstructure. While other Missions of our Chu rc h can speak of harvest time, and give statistics of churches, schools, and, baptisms, w e are yet in the midst of early sowing, and the statistics w e can give all refer to the seed time of the spoken and printed Wor d. Increased^Oppor-

But if increased opportunity for scattering such seed . b roac]cast on virgin soil, and a larger quantity of seed

sown, is proof of progress, then w e have m a d e a step forward from 1895. A nd , thank God, w e have also the blessed assurance that w e have not always been ploughing on rocks and sowing altogether on stony ground. O n c e and again, during the past year, a handful of corn

o n the top of the mountains" has given promise of a harvest that “ shall shake like Leb an on . ” Politically w e have enjoyed rest a nd quiet at all of our stations throughout the whole year, a n d none of the missionaries or colporteurs have been in trouble because of the local govern­ ments. A t Busrah, the Wali bec am e very kind to us through Dr. Worrall’s professional attentions, and this, perhaps, accounts for the singular freedom from the usual annoyances. Bahrein, Muscat, a n d the surrounding coast, were free from disturbance or attack. Yet. although w e were free from all outward troubles, the critical situa­ tion at Constantinople, and the massacres in Armenia, m a d e themselves felt in a greater or less degree whenever contradictory rumors excited the M o s l e m mind. A n d such appeals to their fear or fanaticism were not conducive to Gospel effort a m o n g them. This w as especially the case at Busrah. In Bahrein and O m a n all regard for the Sultan is waning, a nd the last vestige of respect for the T u r k will soon be thrown off by those w h o never felt the galling yoke of O t t o m a n rule. Political Quiet.



In spite of Mr. Cantine’s earnest efforts at h o m e to secure reinforcements, remains the s a m e as for last year, except with the important addition of Mrs. Z w e m e r , w h o devoted her attention, from the day of her arrival at Busrah, to work for w o m e n . O u r brightest colporteur, Razonki, and Salome Antoon; w h o had charge of the Bible-shop in Busrah, left our service during the year for the sake of their families at Bagdad; a nd Ibrahim Saeed desired to ter­ minate his connection with our w or k at Bahrein at the close of the year. Their places were filled by a n e w distribution of our forces, a n d by engaging Daniel, w h o c a m e to us from Mosul. Daood, a son of Merad, was also employed for a part of the year. T H E BIBLE A N D BOOK DEPARTMENT.

Co-ordinate with the evangelistic and medical work, the sale and distribution of the Bible and other books has been continued with even greater success throughout the year. F r o m each station as a centre, and from the northernmost limit of the Busrah vilayet, for m or e than a thousand miles along the coast of Arabia to R a s el H ad , our colporteurs offer G o d ’s W o r d to all w h o will receive it, a n d speak with all w h o will hear, T h e y are the real pioneer evangelists, a n d their work breaks d o w n prejudice and opens the w a y tor w or k of all kinds in the future. Six colporteurs were employed for a whole or part of the year, a n d the four book-shops were open for twelve m on th s without intermission. A t Busrah a small circulating library for English-reading natives w a s started in connection with the Bible Depot, an d the stock of i Arabic a nd English educational books is larger. O u r prime object is, of/ course, the circulation of the Scriptures. T o this end our mission receives aid from the American Bible Society for Bahrein a n d Muscat, an d from th< Pioneers la a W i d e Field.

British a n d Foreign Bible Society for Busrah and A ma ra ; and it has only been from lack of missionaries to a c c o m p a n y the colporteurs, a n d so extend their journeys into n e w territory, that the annual circulation has not still more increased. A s it is" the n u m b e r of portions of the Bible sold this year is five hundred m o r e than last year. O f these sales 87 per cent, were m a d e to Moslems. . T h e following table shows the sales for 1896: Scriptures.


1,933 503

273 5°



Educational. 508 29 76 ■




Busrah, Bahrein, Muscat,

Total. 2,719


451 3,752

T h e religious books include the recent controversial, than Scripture. Arabic a n d Persian literature, the standard Christian classics and m a n y by Spurgeon, M o o d y and others from the Beyrout press. O u r educational books are often the Dait o n the hook of the shopkeeper in fishing for men, a n d yet m o r e often even a geography or primer will so break through prejudice that the M o s l e m lad w h o has bought a nd read either, c om es again and again to the Christian bookshop. In all our shops the walls themselves witness to Christ the S o n of God, and no one can enter t he m and remain ignorant of our message. It is especially encouraging to note that the sale of complete Bibles and Testaments is on the increase where earlier sales of smaller portions have prepared the way. This table shows the totals a nd increase of Scripture sales for five years in Eastern Arabia : B o o k s other



1893 825

1894 1760


1893 2313

1896 2805




Almost identified with our Bible w or k is that of preachIn the Regions . . , , , . Beyond. lng the Gospel in regions beyond our three stations by ■ journeyings o n land a n d sea. F r o m Busrah, north and south, the rivers are the great, cheap and safe highways of travel. T h e long journey u p the Tigris to Koot, across the plain of the Shatt el Hai to N a s a riyeh a n d d o w n the Euphrates, over three hundred a n d fifty miles, w a s m a d e twice during the year. T h e second time m or e than a hundred and thirty Scriptures were sold a n d nearly all to Moslems. Bet we en our three stations steamers ply the Gulf, a n d w e try to m a k e each j m r n e y a missionary tour. In this w a y Isa, the colporteur, visited the towns o n the Pirate Coast, A b o o Sharkee a n d Dhabbai, and left behind a hundred a n d one books a m o n g Arabs w h o formerly m a d e the whole coast unsafe, but have n o w settled d o w n to fishing a n d commerce. O m a n is the land of the camel as Bahrein is that of the donkey, an d

both animals have been on the K i n g ’s errands often throughout the year. In August, Mr. P. J. Z w e m e r took opportunity to penetrate into the interior of O m a n as far as Rastak, Nakl and Someil, with Jusef, his colporteur. H e found the whole region fertile, populous and accessible. T h e people, too, were agricultural and not nomadic, and m a n y of t he m could read. O f this important journey a full account w as given in his quarterly letter. _ At the close of the year Mr. and Mrs. S. M . Z w e m e r crossed over from Bahrein in a native boat to Kateef, the principal town on the H as sa coast. This is Turkish territory, and they anticipated m or e difficulty than they ex­ perienced. T h e people received them kindly and the w o m e n heard for the first time from w o m a n ’s lips something of the wondrous Gospel. . W O R K FOR W O M E N .

B y ministering to their bodies at the dispensaries in Busrah a n d B a h ­ rein, by visiting villages and huts, by reading the Gospel, by teaching morals a n d most of all by her very presence a m o n g us and them, Mrs. Z w e m e r has inaugurated a hopeful w or k for our Arabian sisters. N o w h e r e a nd at no time since com in g to our mission w as she subjected to'any a nn oy ­ ance or rudeness from the Arabs although m a n y had never seen a white w o m a n before. A n d it has been abundantly demonstrated through her jour­ neys and experiences that the door for such work is widely open and m a y prove of untold blessing if others, like minded, c o m e out to join her in the w or k for Arabia. MEDICAL WORK.

„ Its Evangelistic Character

T h e medical w or k for the year at Busrah has, under . , „ ... ,, , _ . the charge of Doctor Worrall, proved a very efficient adjunct to our w or k of evangelization. H e has m a d e such progress in the language that he is n o w able to converse with the Arabs without the need of an interpreter, and his health has been excellent all the year. T h e dispensary at Busrah in the Mission-house, w as a daily pulpit where w e enjoyed every freedom to preach Christ a n d plead with all w h o c a m e to accept H i m as their Saviour. H e r e either a missionary or a colporteur read the Scriptures and prayed with the patients before they received treatment; here tracts and leaffetswere distributed; and here the spirit of the Gospel w as acted out before the eyes of the dullest A r a b in a w a y that could not be misunderstood. W i t h one or two exceptions, all w h o c a m e listened respectfully, or brought objections in a fair w a y to what w a s taught them. Patients were often persuaded to purchase a portion of the Scripture, and sometimes carried it to villages yet unvisited. Early in the year it was thought wise to open a branch dispensary in Busrah native town which is s o m e distance from the newer settlement on the river. A suitable place w as found. T h e class of patients, however, was not as largely M o s l e m as those w h o c a m e to the Mission-house a n d the experiment w a s not fruitful. B e ­ sides the dispensaries at Busrah, Doctor Worrall m a d e a medical tour with an assistant, d o w n the Shatt el A r a b and also spent s o m e weeks at Bahrein in medical work. In his w o r k in a nd around Busrah, he found our Mission

" belltim" or small river-boat most useful. This boat is used by all the missionaries on their Gospel errands a nd is kept in repair by a Sunday-school in Beyrout. Work T h e receipts from well-to-do patients were sufficient Accomplished. t0 a" o w 50 larg e a w o r k as the accompanying table shows, to be done on so small an appropriation as was m a d e for this purpose. STATEMENT OF MEDICAL WORK, 1896.

No. of Chris­ Jews, Women Medical Sargical. Eye. Muslim. tians. etc. Men. and Totals. Cases. Children.

1st Quar. 2d Quar. 3rd Quar. •4th Quar. Totals.

456 1220 920 606 3202

98 70 150 177

6t 298 192




370 893 746 661 2670

179 376 393 186 1134

66 319 123

354 705 641

33 478 54i 2178

261 883 621 402 2167

615 1588 1262 880



In the earliest printed plan of the Arabian Mission there w a s a reference to work for slaves, and because O m a n is the h o m e of the African slavedealer, Mac ka y, of Uga nd a, pleaded for an A r a b Mission. It was only another link in the plan of God's providence, therefore, that, on M a y 27th of this year, Mr. P. J. Z w e m e r felt called to receive and care for eighteen rescued slaves in addition to his other w or k at Muscat. Although the experiment is not yet completed, the results so far are most gratifying, and the boys are m a k i n g excellent progress in morals and education. Immediately after they c a m e they were put into manual training, mak in g baskets, sewing, a n d house-work. Ignorant of any language but Swaheli, it w a s thought best that they be taught English first. After primary instruc­ tion by m e a n s of charts, they sho we d eno ug h mental capacity to warrant the expense of a teacher; and S. M . David, an Indian Christian, formerly a teacher in the C. M . S. Freed-Slave School at Nasik, India, c a m e to M u s c a t on September the 15th. All the boys have since m a d e such rapid progress in the three R ’s that they are almost prepared for the first Indian standard . T h e health of all the lads has been good with one exception, a nd they are apparently perfectly at h o m e in the Muscat climate. Instruction is given t h e m from the Bible and by m e a n s of a simple catechism ; their moral sense is growing, and m a n y of t h e m begin to realize the opportunity of the n e w life open before them. Gratifying Results.


Dur in g the year w e have had the joy of witnessing the ascent of at least two souls out of darkness into the light of life. A m e e n Effendi first heard the W o r d of the Gospel at A ma ra . B y reading the Bible and in conversation with • Soldier. missionaries he has c o m e to accept Christ as his Saviour a n d walks in fellowship of the Spirit. Earnest in prayer a n d zealous for the Converted

kingdom, he has been a great comfort to us. H is escape from all interference seems inexplicable except it be that his position as petty officer in the T u r k ­ ish a r m y protects h i m to s o m e extent. H e has asked for baptism but is first to receive m or e instruction. It seems so hard to have to lead h i m to a point where in all probability he will have to say farewell to wife and children, liberty, a n d perhaps life. .


T h e other M o s l e m w h o believed in Christ w a s a . •, . j middle-aged Persian, conversant with Arabic, a nd a seal-engraver by profession. H e c a m e to the Busrah dispensary suffering from consumption, a n d w a s a frequent visitor. Rea di ng a copy of L u k e ’s Gospel, he w as deeply convicted of sin, and w h e n w e prayed with h i m in the house he wept like a child. A day or two later he found peace, a nd kept epeating the n a m e of Christ. His disease w a s too far advanced to promise cure, and so he left Busrah to try and reach his family at Shiraz. W e have not heard from h i m since; w e accompanied h im to the ship, a nd knelt between decks to c o m m e n d him to God. Doubtless he fell asleep in Jesus ere he completed the long journey. But w e shall see his earnest face again w h e n the harvest is gathered in, a nd full sheaves as well as first fruits fill the garner of G o d o n the great day. A Believing Persian.

G E N E R A L S U M M A R Y , 1896-7.


h i n a


Stations...................... 3 Oat-stations and Preaching Places.. 20 Missionaries, ordained.......... 7 Missionaries, unordained........ 1 Assistant Missionaries, married... 6 Assistant Missionaries, unmarried.. 7 Native Ordained Ministers....... 12 24 Other Native Helpers, m e n ...... Native Helpers, w o m e n ......... 2 Churches..................... 11 Communicants................. 1221 Received on Confession, 1896..... 96 Seminaries, boys’.............. 3 82 Scholars...................... 4 Seminaries, girls’... ........ .... Scholars...................... 181 1 Theological Schools............ Students...................... 8 Sunday-schools................ Scholars...................... Day-schools................... 10 Scholars...................... 205 h . 1 Hospitals and Dispensaries...... Patients Treated............... Closed. *$4586 Native Contributions...........



d i a

8 132

10 9 4

11 136 36 24 2092 147 4 268 3


1 32 143 4809 146 5601


o r t h a p a n

S . J

5 56 6 1 7 5 7 12 6 8 1597 118 1 5C 1 7fl 1 34 25 95C 2 48

o u t h a p a n



3 50 4 *

*A11 contributions In silver.


1 3

1 1

4 2 Q 22 1 4 396 +29 1 41 1 54 1 5 25 326 1 10


o t a l


22 259 30

*? 18 32




45 47 5306 393

1 18

10 459


507 79 193 6085


D. 3 5500

H. 1

13075 $1691


r a b i a



5859 5 18575 $9348

+ Jan. 1-July 1,1896.

C O M P A R A T I V E S U M M A R Y , 1858-1897.


Stations.............................. Ont-stations and Preaching Places........ Missionaries, m e n ..................... Missionaries, married w o m e n ............ Missionaries, unmarried w o m e n .......... Native Ordained Miniaters.............. Other Native Helpers, m e n .............. Native Helpers, w o m e n ................ Churches............................ Communicants........................ Boarding Schools, boys'................ Scholars.......................... .... Boarding Schools, girls’................ Scholars............................. Theological Students................... Day-Schools................. ....... Scholars............................. Hospitals and Dispensaries............. Patients treated........ ............... Native Contributions...................


6 2 8 6 1 22 7 297

6 87

10 18 14 12 4 76 2 13 816 2 55 1 46 7 17 473 1 15507 $1134


11 49 16 14 9 6 86 10 31 1563 1 40 3 97 19 44 1841 1 9673 $1590


11 * 123 28 21 9 26 173 47 47 4559 7 308 5 300 32 106 2612 $8325


22 259 33 27 18 32 202 45

47 5306 10 459 9 482 79 159 5859 5 18575 $9348


W o m a n ’s Board.




Sunday Schools.




--------- 1


Claasis of Albany. § 608 18 752 86 G 38 10 24 67 30 34 2 50 2 50 84.72 8 60

S 5 $■280

44 34 25 15

S27 50 .

23 10

5 7 75

7 40

$383 73 508 30

52 46 1 25

5 10 74 24 9

25 55 16 32

35 45 5

$ 996 1540 36 38 81 58 68 2 7 10 164 48 9

91 86 50 92 44 50 75 27 32

87 91 1 25 5

Classls of (Bergen. 148 56 13 57 21 168

German Evangelical, Hoboken...

59 33 42 71 73 5 24 25 9 10 8

60 30 30

115 43 15 91

12 .

1 29

10 10

172 30 34 30 18 50 227

392 77 34 436 10 89 77 202 30

86 87 50 29

32 27 10 11 89 17 13 55

63 37 21 34 37

60 81 05 50 56

3 128 132 6

02 51 17 25

461 226 431 333 24 193 109

82 23

29 85 35 80 15 10

03 81 16

7 SO


5 66

7 50 10

3 02 68 05 56 46

5 09

8 76 10

31 30 GO 62 6 25

15 30 01

212 96 40 288 05 146 67


18 30 16 91

S o u t h Classls of Bergen. 209 146 106 87 24 76

81 23 94 19 25 30

39 05 25 100 25 22 22

1 20

91 06 87 39

2 50 44


4 Classical tJnion.......“ ......

10 33

86 25 56 61

2 50 46 4 10 33






i=° 5







Si &


Classls of Dakota. | $ 3 15 4 80 2 13 19

S 1 25 8 50

8 4 40 4 80 10 63 19 9 18 4 40 44 60

s 0 18 4 40 14 60 S 30

6 12

6 12 3 15

15 71

18 86

2 3 3 82

1 53

3 53 3 3 82

Classls of G r a n d River. 18 64 8 07 5 60

ia 34 15

18 07 5

8 10

13 50 30 80 5 15 40 65

7 77 “

Fin.?i '



■Riffhlh ‘

... ...






34 140 21 44 64 *5 37 12 35 17

86 59 105 11

93 85 11 ” i05 75 155 7 40 15 5 50 50 40 44 . 13 94 16 20

60 48 13 12

15 70 ... 3 39 6 10

15 3 20

66 53

25 45 35 10

104 41

13 27 6

38 68 10 40

20 1 15

10 35

5 214 73 15 69

16 20 16 92 7 27

3 50

5 5 51

60 5 15 7 50 10

18 64 39 48 33 70 21 116 220 161 150 265 13 129 10 90 40 35 281 49

27 59 04 55 50 23 13 27 70 10 02 88

198 86 51 20 26 92 62 72 16 40 1

Classls of Greene.


114 75 2 32 173 61 49 42 232 16 30 60 9 85


35 7 67 7 50

193 67 57 118 24 35 27 33

171 2 427 119 365 74 52

75 32 28 09 16 95 49

Classls of H o l l a n d . 36 16 11 70 Ebenezer...................

33 52

37 14



° 36 16 . 156 84 33 52










nday Schools.


s' ■2




Classls o f H o l l a n d . (c o n t i n u e d )




$ 33 10 58 97

12 34 24 38

S 1 39

28 2 24 164

35 90 50 04

57 19 10 103 93 168 86

63 480

S 10 40 57 90 126 97

65 67 S 10 12 08 112 39

S 34 51 20 74 191 87 348.82 85 12 164 469

54 90 93 46

35 65

13 100 91

23 77

23 77

60 363 69


45 . 288 1540 01 526 32

17 50

120 120


Classls of H u d s o n . 129 12 34 19 268 31 42 205 80 11

57 90 28 50 42 50 22 15 50

53 74 6 74 2 24 59 37 9 59 6 10

51 70 4 27 40 15

70 16 95 05

15 15 10

53 3 £6 39 73 36

07 75 82 56

17 54 46 08 60 30

288 20 97 60 441 66 31 09 325 147 61

08 92 84 74 35 74 40 10 55

Classls of Illinois. 6

6 10 29 3 23 41 75 2 37 54 17 2 42 20 6 30

3 35 50

21 75


10 28

9 85 32 36 9 06

24 40 10 100

22 50


55 63 2 50

226 68 10

1 10 33 71


33 79

12 10 29 3 23 3 35 147 90 12 37 212 17 2 42 20 29 80 9 314 21 1 86

85 67 56 10 50

Classls of I o w a . Bethel .....................

135 16 10 04 15 68 11 03 27 77 . 12 90

12 50

23 50 10



4 ■Firth

187 20 26 71 60 67


38 5 07 H„li.......................

7 60 39 80

13 90 65 19 5

2 2

21 45 10 Muscatine..................

36 70 12 96

14 25


24 69 2 50

13 90 105 33 07 44 80 21 45 10 85 64 15 40







S 2



I ><

inn’s Board.

ad s .a





Classls of I o w a . (CONTtNUED)

Newkirk................ Orange City............... First. Pella................ Third, 11 ................ Fourth, Pella.............. Pella, N e b ......... ...... Rock Valley.............. Rogeland ................ Rotterdam................ Sheldon ................. Silver Creek............... Maple Lake............... Sioux Center.............. Clara City................. Classical Conference........

$ 30 50 $ 76 30 86 50 135 25 52

8 16 40 162 10 S 25 52 99 40 84

$ 102 75 65 89 05 6 50

12 07

3 05

$ 209 375 318 52 6 12

64 73 50 07

3 05 104 22

8 28 5 80 39

80 71

300 83 5 80 39

Classls of K i n g s t o n . Bloomingdale............. The Clove................ Dashville Falls............ Gardiner................. Guilford................. Hurley................. Kingston, Fair St.......... Krumville................ Lyonsviiie................ Marbletown.... .......... “ North.......... N e w Paltz................ . Rochester................ Rosendale................ St. R e m y .................

15 50 04




171 37

14 25

46 65

8 52 39 13 29 28


60 12 49 105

90 52 03 83

44 5 294 33

41 03 80 69

22 41 5 03 145 54


8 92

47 51

41 55

60 4 20

18 33 7 25

70 93


N o r t h Classls of L o n g Island. Jamaica.................... N e w t o w n ................... Oyster Bay.................. North Hempstead............ Williamsburg................ Astoria..................... Flushing.................... Kent Street, Brooklyn......... South Bnshwick.............. Second. Astoria.............. East Williamsburg........... Queens..................... German Evangelical, Brooklyn... Sayville..................... Locust Valley................ College Point...:............ First, Long Island City........ Bushwick................... German Evangelical, Jamaica.... Hicksville................... Second, N e wtown............ Steinway ................... Church of Jesus, Brooklyn..... N e w Hyde Park..............

05 07 25 00 41 80 7 47 131 32 29 74 38 01 191 78




15 12 50 4

114 55



215 52

30 8 27 71 61



35 25

95 57


219 81 72 11 376 90 152 321 82 43

62 06 30 47 32 01 22 78

31 15

78 87

30 70

151 78

’ sci

0 33 2 50 80 4 01

2 50 ... 30 50 7 15 5 13

15 47 5 158 75 38 87

30 10 16 86

23 2 50 269 3 9

2 50 237



S. Classls of L o n g Island. First....................... Flatbush.................... Grace Chapel................

205 35 790 04


370 138 75



635 35 989 39 42


W o m a n ’s Board.




Sunday Schools.




S C l a r i s of Long: Island. (CONTINUED.)

N e w Utrecht................. S 176 54 26 128 61 South Brooklyn.............. 59 61 7 1002

78 $ 116 94 $ 15 71 80 70

56 02 35 20 32 18 35



$ 20 6 20 30 10 35 20

8 209 171 62 43 73

$ 537 303 160 158 174 185 320 41 1252 95 35


4 45 80

103 55 239 50 30 250 58 15

35 20

20 3 18 26 4 50 75

g 18 26

4 50 75 7 62



1 ■

72 51 29 02 35 20 82 63 93

12 62

Classls of Mlclilgaii. 3 50

50 12 55

36 54

54 30 103 36

1 73 20 97

65 50 Second, Kalamazoo ..........

5 15 2 '

60 40 116 55 43 68

109 09 105 50 177 58 183 01 n 3 74 1 26

3 74 1 26

Classls of ITloiimoiitBi. 45 51 17 22 134 12

5 10 40

16 41 32 71 78 28 43

24 91 36 *

5 25 58

60 45 78 6

7 07 28 90




29 7 02 10 35 20

33 55


16 66

74 194 17 87 205 18 7 48

16 08 71 78 64 43 07 96

50 06

Classls of ITIont^omcry. 30 8 ’ 13 40 5



38 50


91 18


53 74 53 43 8 44 55

03 43 15 32 23 25

88 30 25 25

10 o 61 50

13 23 55

10 20 26 49

' 22 72 6 11 25 2 20 6 24 30

114 73

44 35 .• 91 59

86 145 60 17 125

16 35 25 11 63









B 6

f1 I -



Classls of M o n t g o m e r y . (c

o n t i n u e d


Johnstown...... Manheim....... Mapletown..... M o n a w k ........ N a um b u r g ....... N e w Bremen.... Owasco........ Owaaco Outlet.... Point Hock...... St. Johnsville .... Sprakers........ Stone Arabia.... First, Syracuse ... Second, “ ... Thousand Islands Utica.......... West Leyden....

'$ 13 6 4 20 5

50 50 S4 50 $ 10

$ 13 6 4 65 5

$ 35

33 98 17 02

5 98

10 02 13 26

20 25 50 95 77 12 03

50 50 84 50

$ 105 4

2 04

1 65 92

33 51 50

148 50 11 15 17 50 163


349 27 29 22 18 50 228 92 12

Classls of N e w a r k . Belleville................ First, Newark............ Irvington............... N. Y. Avenue........... Franklin................ North Newark........... West u ........... Clinton Avenue, Newark.... Trinity, Newark......... Linden ................ Woodside..... .......... Stone House Plains...... Fast Orange............. Trinity, Plainfield........ German, ** ........ Montclair Heights........ 25th Anniversary of Classis.

14 53 14 17 89 2394 88 76 41 37 55 12 30 532 191

08 10 88 81

13 32 73 02 426 92 $1600

66 96 135 9 51 67 42 70 ” 26i‘ 58 69 9 35 1300 30


40 37 59 8 25

‘5 4 32

‘*6*25 62 70 50 14


100 *32'88

485 07 11 132 5 89 32 52 07

2 70

128 135 22 330 85 5751 621 91 8 148 44 7W 326 30

68 83 79 93 80 48 14‘ 25 40 35 90 90

2 70

Classls of N. B r u n s w i c k . First, N e w Brunswick........ . Six Mile R u n ................. Hillsborough................ Middlebueh................. Griggstown................. Second N e w Brunswick...... Bound Brook................ Third, N e w Brunswick........ B. Millstone................. Metuchen................... Suydatn Street, N. B .......... Highland Park............... Young W o m e n ofN.B.& H.P. Chs.

121 240 53 04 12 282 6 30 10 123 144 3

48 38 09




77 28 07 35 62 94 06 40

6 05 51 19

165 126 147 26 46 370 49


33 39 15 25 90 27 145

472 34 371 38 200 97 90 77 58 83 602 20 55 63 30 35 44 01 144 04 285 25 30 40 145

2404 25

9171 76

65 18 75

165 68 75

288 02 203 23

1814 06 1070 25

99 22 27 1414 88

303 28 22 27 3736 32

88 55 20 56

Classls of N e w Y o r k . Collegiate......... North Church Chapel. Thirty-fourth Street.., Knox Memorial.... . Verrailye Chapel... Harlem Collegiate..,. South............ . Manor Chapel....... Staten Island...... Bloomingdale...... Madison Avenue...

1188 75

5378 78

100 006 79 867 02 110 28

2 m '24

349 25

570 60 129'



15 25 60


i i

Classls o f N e w Y o r k . ’ (CONTINUED.) Huguenot... “ ... ...........


W o m a n ’s Board.



i--------- 1 Sunday Schools:



$ 50 5 14 10 8 52 94 230 00 10 129 06 no 10 02

$ 10 25 25

22 27


$ 60 75 25 5

5 50 5 137 10 330 85 109 06

58 75 4 45

no 125 04 4 45 10

5 50 36 4 46

80 50 80 75 73 07

4 22 21

27 05 61 21 5

10 Kreischerville.!.............. 15 32 59 83

......1...... 60 i*?... i

Classls o f O r a n g e .

12 75 9 38

1 23 05 12 5





10 03 140 42 05 31 4 10

20 50 0 20 8

10 115 1 25

42 08 88 30 50 . 20

36 03 242 132 13 70 81 4 30

Mamakating................. Minisink....................

404 72 80 53 21 10 39 50 Port Jervis, Second........... •3 15 8 Unlonville................. 2 71 • 110 45 Wallkill Valley............... 30 18 10 85 2 81


J 15

8 77

20 96

6 32

‘ 3


25 07 104 10 57 10


30 45 4 1 41 5


365 15

429 79 219 63 21 10 126 23 3 15 27 32 2 71 101 45 .75 22 12 23 7 81

Classls o f P a r a m u s . 420 54 Clifton ..................... Garfield......... ........... Glen Rock................. Hawthorne.................. Lodi, First (Holl.)........... Lodi, Second................

Passaic, First (Holl;).......... “ North... ^.......... “ Firet(Holl.)......... ** North.............. “ Second ............ Plermont................... R a m a p o ... ................ Ramseys...... .............. Ridgewood........... ......

30 10 20 80 12 30 20 2 244 65 23

60 05 65 37

309 73 53 05 25 101 61 37 76

200 $ 50 10 10 39 15

3 34 100 11 10 33 87 50 43 64



3 33 • 1 7 58

388 10 23 03

97 67 10

155 14 109 75

10 46 40 67 6

32 50




*95 27 83 25 95 27

1001 10 61 35 12 20 9 765 87 53 33 710 216 25

69' 49 80 30

05' 75 98 04 44

207 29 106 20 31 95 106 50-



6 A N D










Classls of P a r a m u s . (c

o n t i n u e d





.) § 14 4 V 05 7 70 3 1 0 70 27 43 60


$ 4 60 2 3 43

$ 25 :


1 50 25

$ 1 0 6 50 4 0 05 9 9 10 j

8 SG

19 0 2 214 98 4 9 25 488 80 3 6 29

Classls of Passaic. 2 4 18 5 10 95

1 6 59



60 1 3 68

1 8 69

6 8 18


7 50 18 72

Sixth (Holl.)...............

5 33

10 17 77 103 25 24 20 66 63




65 96

10 4 0 33 93

18 50 31




128 22 76 86

77 28 53 90

17 50 10

96 48 51 6 8

51 47 17 202 199 25 56

72 73 03 57 22

7 04 7 50

25 5 30

9 17

45 50

108 60 7 6 17


1 49 66 7 4 28

3 3 60


94 77 65 111 5 0 12 5 0

58 9 6 31

Classls of Philadelphia.

71 9 3 15 16 3 8 19 5 6

Clover Hill.................. Rocky Hill.................. Fifth; Philadelphia........... Addisville .............

45 52 50 62 90 2 6 22 12 75

Classls of PleasantPrairie.

2 0 89

18 77

5 10

12 92




4 34 20



40 100 48 121 2 4




5 50 3

20 74 15 25

1 7 5 5.3 2 1 6 15 193 15 70 19 4 77


17 30 56 34 52

75 90 52 46 31



5 28 4 26

5 28 4 26

3 50

3 50 30



65 35 4 47 70

30 50 85 35 4 47



70 2 5 24

2 5 24


15 26 75 7 68 6 87 10 144 '

Zion. ..w.....................



8 10 15 2 6



4 91

1 0 66

90 57 7 68 6 87 10

44 04

188 04 31 5 0 6



'*1 H






inday Schools.





Classic of P o u g H k e e p s i e . First, Poughkeepsie........... Second, “ ........... Fishkili. Hopewell........ N e w Hackensack... Rhinebeck........ Fiehkill-on-Hudson. Hyde Park....... Glenbam......... Cold Spring ...... MiUbrook........

$ 6 3 6 47 4 7 0 58 30 08 13 49 134 46

$ 50

$ 60 $ 30

6 22

17 27

68 03 45 54

46 . 2 5 01

8 9 01

$ 841 4 7 7 8 0 58 147 58

55 58 8 2 64 50 65 1 56

69 26 1 4 2 67

i3 86

1 3 0 26

32 6 66


129 53 85 57 55

402 101 251 37 50

10 7 50 15 50

$ 95 286



191 111 144 25

95 54 06 01


1 5 7 54

ClaNsia of Raritan. First, Raritan .. Readington.... Bedminster. /__ Lebanon...... Rockaway..... North Branch... Second, Haman, Peapack ..... South Branch... Third, Raritan. Pottersville.... High Bridge.... Annandule. Fourth, Raritan..... N e w Center Miss. Soc.

167 28 128 32

45 39 63 13

85 60 19 4 3 50 4 02

1 20 37 27

13 22 7 9 99 2 1 5 56 14 62 38 81 3 3

3 89 8 6 60 15 12 2 5

30 10 87 5 8 90

8 0 88


202 88

184 9 8 25 62 71 27

517 65 117 237

16 58 17

4 85


05 67 18 35 49 14 49 25 38

10 58 41 8 5




Classis of Rensselaer. Bath-on-Hudeon ... Blooming Grove..., Casrleton........ Chatham;.... .. First, Ghent...... Second, “ ...... Qreenbush....... Kinderhook...... Nassau ......... N e w Concord.... Schodack ....... Schodack Landing.. Stuyvesant...... Stuyvesant Falls....

14 43

8 71 10 5 0

2 2 16

20 54 15 2 6 19

119 90 13

38 40 501 62 17

197 4 2 4 63

22 58 9

31 2 9



56 09

87 46 9 7 66

2 0 6 51 1 36 85


54 75 777 04 1 1 2 81


20 6 35 35 3 18




10 23

32 95 2 0 05

•4 8 12


4 3 60 7 76


6 7 93 4 50

55 95 7 4 17 131


17 26

Classis of Rochester. Abbe............. Arcadia .......... Brighton.......... Cleveland......... Clymer Hill....... East Williamson.... Evang. Prot. Buffalo.. Farmer........... Lodi............ . Marion ............ N e w York Mills..... Palmyra......... , Pultneyville........ First. Rochester..... Second, “ ..... Tyre..............

24 60 8 17 25 41

60 04 50 27

5 7 62

6 0 65

4 22

111 4 7

8 00 4

42 47 5 77 2 2 99 100 74

32 40 30


10 82 40 2 7 60 4

10 48 99 68

7 68

35 87 85 55

9 3 34 7 2 10 1 5 2 28

15 45

1 7 99 42 35 271 8 7

8 9 90 0 3 25 18 0 0

51 07 26 36


77 52 .14

12 17 99

18 136 19 3

63 63 99 159

2 4 50 5

8 58, 18 65

110 18 • 4 5 26


<n AQJ a a a



'003 5


a 0 n



!’ fe

ClassfN o f S a r a t o g a .

$ 4 25

15 49 40

$ 12 25 33 43 42 50

G 41 74 18 63

5 13 133 34 133


17 94 s 2 50

1 5 7 58 10 87 West Troy, North............

Classis Second,

of “

1 85 59 $ 18 32 40 77 19

53 50 17 25 20

15 5 5



35 65 03




80 50



17 52 20

Schenectady. ’ ...........

6 50 10

187 17 45

8 78 Second, “ .............. First, Rotterdam.............

Lisha’e Kill..................

14 25 14 9 136 5 23 5 5

45 58 80 29

$ 2 50

2 50



163 02 43 15 15

50 50 18 15

8 25 10

40 50 82 18


62 50 24 15 90 30

8 7


356 117 57 89 40 25 9 249 29 39 135 5

67 50 28 63 73 05 29 82 08

8 12

Classls o f S c h o h a r i e . 7 22 3 4

65 25 91 35

12 90

G 25 10 27


65 40 91 62


8 fi7 4 15 7 79


4 60


12 8 50 i 62

17 80

7 41 3 14

15 13

25 12 22 14

87 65 79 62


73 80

9 60


2 50

. 2 50 Classls o f Ulster. 7 40 5 14 25


98 09 32 90 25 75

1 8 39


34 11 50

34 77 54 04 G 12





64 38


6 53 30 14


3 90

7 40

6 46 54 73 29 206 40 14 3

79 264 408 53 39

18 17 53 02 75

21 117 68 19 7 90

Stewartville................. Kingston, Comforter.......... Woodstock.................

37 64 7 31

20 97

3 50 12 42

3 50 71 03 7 31


23 17 15 331


W o m a n ’s Board


Sunday Schools.

--------- 1


Classls of



Westchester. 5 28 09

19 15 10 75

10 10

17 11 50 Park Hill.............. .....

63 66 28 89 132 46 98 6 68 30 21 90

30 17 46

16 2 1

35 3

136 57 73 50 5 241 28 25 61


5 80 41 25 75 341 10 17 11 50 246 121 23 373 106 9 30 132

43 85


271 115 165 151 87

26 55 69 60 09

28 98 68

Classls o f ’W i s c o n s i n * Alto 1. Randolph Center ) ...........



138 9 30 146 26

17 74

52 50 89 60 39

29 51

115 9 73 50 30 28 15

10 50 81 12 53 35 82





5 5

74 29 115

31 19

17 50 4


2 60 3 100 12 241 7 160 15 5


31 76


75 5 5


150 20


85 74 55 58

737 26


05 40

13 15


13 35 7 80

15 32 3 81

115 32 176 81 53 53 143 97 145 5 28 60 3 333 32 363 22 192 46 5

85 74 81 58 01 40

F R O M INDIVIDUALS N O T T H R O U G H C H U RCHES. A Volunteer.... ........... 8 25 Miss E m m a Searle.......... 35 A n old life Member ......... 25 Rev. W m . A. S h a w .......... 20 For helper in India.......... 90 A ladj in Brooklyn, N. Y .... 5 “ Continued” .............. 15 S.H. Williams............. 200 Rev. H. D. B. Mulford....... 80 J. J. Janeway.............. 500 C. L. Roberts.............. 15 Rev. P. G. M. Bahler........ 10 Mrs. C. B. Wheeler.......... 1 30 Miss Celeste W e e d .......... Mrs. S. E. Monroe Taylor.... 100 Miss Mary Louise Monroe.... 100 Rev. W . H. Steele, D . D ...... 572 The Deyo sisters............ 1 50 Mrs. Catherine A. Bogert..... 4• Members of Ref. Ch., Kingston, N. Y .................... 215 Mr. and Mrs. T. S. Beekman, in 40 memoriam............... Miss Kate V. D. Searle...... 5 M. L. V ...... ............ 5 A friend................... 75 “ 5 Ralph Voorhees............ 50 H. Van Burcn, in memoriam Rev. J. M. Van Buren...... 100 Mrs. C. M. Swick, in memoriam W . C. S ................. 5 Miss Maud S. Clark......... 48 J. P. H .................. 90 Birthday offering, in memoriam 10 Miss Esther Gibson......... 60 Mrs. Philip Peltz........... 10 A friend................... 10 Rev. S. W. Mills, D . D ....... 15

J. T. B .................... Rev. and Mrs. G. H. Dubbink.. Rev. H. A. Hendrickson..... Thank-offering......... . Rev. J. N. Jansen........... Mrs. C. M. Meserole......... Rev. and Mrs. H. Vanderploeg.. Thank-offering............. A friend................... For enpport of Rev. E. C. Scudder..................... Rev. Henry Huizinga........ “ Privilege” ............... • In memoriam............... The Mrs. Van W a g n e n ....... Miss H. Knieekern!......... Family Mission box......... Lambda................... Miss Katie M. F a g g ........ W . B. C ................... “ Shut in” ................. M. H. Col. Co., N. Y ........ Rev. D. K. Van Doren....... Miss Catherine Morrison..... Rev. Henry N. Cobb, D . D .... Rev. John G. Smart......... D. J. Steward............ “ In His N a m e ’’............ Aileen’s Birthday gift....... S. H. Wheeler.............. Miss E. C. Heermance....... Miss R. S. Wilson.......... Rev. E. R. Atwater.......... Rev. and Airs. J. H. E nd era.... J. C. Haring............... James L. A m e r m a n ......... Miss Anna W . Pierson.......

$ 1 50 35 6 50 10 10 5 30 5 400 10 10 65 10 5 ' 16 100 6 80 35 1 30 5 50 25 10 5 15 100 15 100 10 50 30 5 20 10

$3,812 80

MISCELLANEOUS. W o m a n ’s Board, additional.......................................... $80 59 Interest on Bonds, etc............................... t.............. 2,194 78 S. S. Glastonbury, Conn............................................. 60 Loantaka S. S., Madison, N. J ....................................... 80 Daniel L. Morris and family......................................... 70 Gen. Synod’s Com. on Syst. Beneficence............................... 50 $2,485 37

LEGACIES. Abraham C. Van Duyne............................................. $500 Ebenezer Monroe.................................................. 800 Sarah M. Kemble................................ 61 96 Mary E. Remeen.. 1,000 Elsie Manton...................................................... 40 John DeMott................. 200 Eleanor Myer...................................................... 1,500 Catherine C. Heath................................................. 5,000 . .

$9,101 96

GIFTS F O R O B J E C T S O U T S I D E T H E A P P R O P R I A T I O N S . For Dr. F. T. B. Feat, outfit, traveling and salary.........................$1,836 05 Hope Hospital, A m o y ............................................ 855 43 Special tor China............................................... 600 Memorial Chapel, Leng-soa....................................... 1,000 Sending and maintaining new married missionary to Japan............ 1,200 Returning missionaries to their fields......... 466 27„ From W o m a n ’s Board.............................................. 1,030 90 Sundries....................................................... 578 58 $8,167 23

T o t a l .........

d CO pH* Jw'


04 $207 95 34 150 71 10 361 59 87 ' 316 54 70 1,211 154 29 05 82 77 38 165 36


$95 38 146 172 508 67 148 29

25 50 166 1,373 75 5 91

97 50 50 65 21 58

$415 250 684 1,?10 4,764 455 855 928


$835 357 90S 2,099 9,749 1,0X1 1,011 402

Woman's Board.

Hudson............ Kingston....... . N. Long Island...... S. Long Island...... N e w York.......... Orange ............. Poughkeepsie...... Westchester........


Sunday Schools.

Classes of Synol OF N e w York.



82 $1,609 78 03 803 18 46 2,126 15 18 5.064 59 81 17,607 91 43 1,692 98 05 2,788 78 52 1,524 83

$17,574 48 $2,050 21 $1,716 25 $1,266 41 $10,070 90 $33,278 25


Albany.... !....... Greene............ Montgomery........ Rensselaer.......... Rochester.......... Saratoga........... Schenectady........ Schoharie........... Ulster.............



102 50 10 5

$ 17 75 $1,178 71 $3,156 63 442 15 1,213 04 97 50 684 67 1,678 95 167 45 510 25 1,774 25 101 69 292 15 1,329 30 42 18 44 50 176 86 558 68 43S 73 1.174 05 37 25 237 41 14 52 81 02 443 85 1,105 47 108 50

$5,402 83 $1,427 23

$ 457 09

$631 34 $4,248 39 $12,227 78

17 22 32 79 14 62 47 74 32

$294 69 211 27 83 97 732 72 207 24 572 01 201 31 154 57 362 52

$1 29

$10028 79

$2820 30

$1,022 012 724 782 435 2S8 484 9! 421

17 71 75 15 07 29 87


$ 58 50 92 374 525 49 111 40 126

17 08 16 32 32 28

$ 280 10 51 10 6 33 98


Bergen............ South Bergen....... Monmouth ........ . N e w a r k ........... N e w Brunswick..... Paramus............ Passaic ........... Philadelphia........ Raritan............ Total............

$734 657 332 3,364 1.092 1,885 501 034 826

$75 ’26 96'21 30 40 1,705 70 ’ 153 76 35 15 150 ’ 271 75 80 90 38 60 25 00 50 90 97 *

$2020 59

$710 878 263 2,536 1,242 1,482 399 390 773

13 $1,815 54 46 1,843 16 80 710 49 18 3,493 15 69 2,592 07 50 4,361 88 84 1,222 12 50 1,264 87 50 2,103 31

8859'25 $3,677 66 $24,406 59


Dakota............ Grand River........ Holland............ Illinois............ Iowa............... Michigan........... Pleasant Prairie...... Wisconsin.......... Total............

$84 17 582 97 1,043 25 179 55 702 96 177 21 512 41 1,170 32

$30 823 1,004 136 482 59 15 311

$0 £7 03 41 48 24 41 58

84,458 84 82,863 12

Grand Total........ $37,524 94

72 379 55 195 65 5 196

01 58 54 66 50 10 19

8979 18

39 05 99 65 118 63

38 90 23 10 85 31

$ 26 553 880 397 551 310 54 721

09 90 56 08

71 23 70 29

$150 16 2,072 50 3,407 07 887 21 1,971 71 635 18 597 62 2,490 69

$414 54 $3,490 46 $12,212 14

9,760 86 $5,174 01 $3,171 54 $26,493 41 $82,124 76

Loss 1896-97. 1 1

Gain 1896-97.

Contributed. 1895-96.

Contributed. 1890-97.


Apportionment. 1890.


Albany.......... Bergen........... South Bergen..... Dakota.......... Grand River...... Greene........... Holland.......... Hu d s o n .......... Illinois........... I o w a ............ Kingston........ North Long Island.. Sooth Long Island... Michigan......... M o n m o u t h ...... Montgomery ..... Newark .......... N e w Brunswick... N e w York........ Orange.......... Paramus......... Passaic ......... Philadelphia...... Pleasant Prairie..... Poughkeepsie..... Raritan.......... Rensselaer........ Rochester........ Saratoga......... Schenectady...... Schoharie........ Ulster... ....... Westchester...... Wisconsin....... Total.........

Net gain 1690-07.

$5,000 $3,156 63 $3,269 09 3,500 1.815 54 2,426 38 3,200 1,813 10 1,693 98 $ ‘149 18 600 150 16 154 4,oo5 2,072 50 1,916 04 154 46 1,800 1,213 84 1,253 6£ 3,000 3.407 07 2,770 07 637 2,500 1,609 78 1.578 71 31 07 1,500 887 21 918 82 8,000 1,971 71 1,874 80 96 85 2,000 803 18 942 14 4.300 2,126 15 2,102 61 7,600 5,004 59 5,262 40 1.000 635 18 536 89 98 29 710 49 1,400 697 75 12 74 4,000 1.678 95 1,910 21 1 7.000 6,493 15 5.344 82 3,148 33 3,800 2,592 07 2,781 00 21,000 17.667 91 15,098 04 2,509 27 3,800 1,692 98 2,296 76 4,750 4,301 88 4,198 48 163 40 2,000 1,222 12 1,252 82 2,700 1,204 87 1,410 81 750 597 62 508 88 88 74 3,800 2,788 78 2,739 01 49 77 3,500 2,103 31 2,101 39 1 92 2,500 1,774 25 1,735 76 38 49 1,800 1,329 30 1,250 55 08 75 1,500 558 68 947 31 2,500 1,174 05 1,062 64 111 41 800 287 41 357 90 2,650 1,105 47 1,439 38 2.750 1,524 88 1,860 14 4,000 2,490 GO 2,432 42 ... 5827

$112 46 010 84 3 84 40 64 31 01 138 96 3G 40 197 81 231 20 189 53 603 78 3Q 20 145 64

368 63 120 49 aaa nr 335 26

$120,000 882,124 76 878,188 44 $7,477 94 $3,551 62 $8,920 62.




1858... 1859.. 1860.. 1861... 1862...

. $16,076 . 25,034 . 30,181 . 34,159 . 28,603

87 61 58 26 17

1863... 1864.. 1865... 1866 .. 1867...

. 42,257 35,391 . 82,038 . 55,783 . *63,030

36 18 22 75 89

1868.. 1869.. 1870.. 1871... 1872...

. . . . .

91 38 94 52 26

1873.. . 1874.. . 1875 .. . 1876... . 1877 .. .

53,472 81,410 57,342 71,125 65,173



$134,055 49

$26,811 10

278,501 40

55,700 28

$28,889 18

328,525 01

65,705 00

10,004 72

316,046 95

63,209 37

341,884 10

68,376 82

5,167 45

403,544 42

80,708 88

12,332 06

548,607 53

109,721 50

29,012 62

601,589 56

120,317 91

10,596 41





83,948 61 55,352 95 54,249 95 64,342-91 58,152 53

1878.. 1879... 1880.. 1881.. 1882...

. . . .

69,085 58,443 63,185 92,984 58,184

1883... 1884.. 1885... 1886 . 1887..

. 65,284 58 . 76,955 23 88,131 04 . 86,386 55 . 86,187 02

1888.. 1889.. 1890... 1891.. 1892..

.-(•109,946 . 93,142 . 117,090 . 116,265 . 112,163

11 24 14 45 59

1893.. 1894 . 1895... 1896... 1897..

. 136,688 106,571 . 105,506 . 147,156 . 105,666

10 48 72 65 61

$2,495 63

87 49 71 32 71

♦In addition $50,500 were given by Mr. Warren Ackerman to remove the debt resting on the Board. fin addition $45,335.06 were given for the Endowment of the Theological Seminary in the Arcot Mission, through the efforts of Rev. Jacob Chamberlain, D.D. The total amount given since 1857 is $3,054,589.52.

3S OJt-t-QO

1CO-* Oi oco 1-^ 'T'i*





is 1

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S-sss asisg <5<5Z oj

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1 5S

A! t^ I 5

2 S5S S

d e

rd of Foreign Missions of the Reformed Church in America, in account with P E T E R Treasurer, for theyear ending April jo, 189J.





rH" ®


fiS el

11 I'Ss

III! ill! §5 ill Illt'iJillill ill Ifs

s iI a 0*3


a !a D H

S0 O

irS IIS I ! S’ I II I 1 '=

. ^ = 1

•!s'0 2'D




M A Y 1, 1896, to A P R I L 30, 1897.




Mrs. Elizabeth N. Collier..... $ 75 Hon. N. F. Graves........... 25 Thomas Rnsselt............. 125 •








H. P. Cortelyou......;...... $50 Peter Lott.................. 50 L. M. S., Madison Ave., Albany, 50 N . Y ..................

Miss Emily D. Sumner........$50 Miss Sarah F. Sumner........ 50 Rev. S. M. Woodbridge, D . D __ 50 Miss N. Z w e m e r ............ 50 OF

Fredk. Frelinghuysen.. ...... $ 30

T H I R T Y DOLLARS. The Misses Zwemer......... ,....$ 30

SYNDICATE OF TWENTY-FIVE Mies L. N. Duryee........... $25 Rev. Lewis Francis.......... 25 Hon. Henry Hospers ........ 25 The Misses Merry........... ■ > 25 SYNDICATE Rev. Henry E. Cobb..........$ Peter Cortelyou............. Rev. Peter Crlspell........... Rev. J. Elmendorf, D . D .... . -




Rev. H. D. B. Mulford....... $25 Rev. J. P. Searle, D. D ........ 25 Y. P. S. C. E., Stone Ridge, N.Y. 25 Rev. A. Zwe m e r ............ 25 OF T W E N T Y

20 20 20 15

Rev. P. H. Milliken, Ph.D... .$ 15 Dr. B. H. B. Sleght.......... 15


Rev. T. H. P. Sailer.......... $ 75 Mrs. Sarah Welling.......... 100 Mrs. Jacob S. Wyckoff....... 100

John Wharton............ ......




Rev. Geo. D. Hulst, Ph.D..... $ 20 “ Catskill, N. Y.”......... 10 Y. L. M. B., let Orange City, la., 20 Rev. J. F. Zwemer..... .... 20 OF

F I FTEEN DOLLARS. MissSusan Yntema.......... $ 15 Y. P. S. C. E., SpringLake, Mich. 1185





Mrs. Lina Vandermey.................................................. $9 S Y N D I C A T E O F T E N DOLLARS. James L. A m e r m a n ..........$ P. Berghuis.....;.......... Miss K. H. Cantine.......... Rev. Henry N. Cobb, D.D....... Rev. J. P. DeJong........ Mrs. Hugh Roberts......... Miss M. S. Dougherty.......

10 10 10 10 10 15 10

Rev. J. N. Jansen........... $ 10 S. Joldersma................ 7 50 Prest. G. J. Kollen, LL.D..... 20 L. M.S., 1st Rochester, N. Y.... 10 L. M. S.,Grand Haven, Mich.... 10 Mrs. John B. Pike......... .. 10 Rev. D. L. Pierson........... 10

Miss S. B. Reynolds....... Rev. W . W. Schomp....... .. Rev. A. H. Strabbing. . . . . Inf. Cl. Plk. Rd. Chapel, S. s. Weehawken, N. J . . . . . . Rev. A. Venncma.......... Rev. B. V. D. Wyckoff..... ... Y\ P. S. C. E.,MoU Haven, N. Y. City................... ... Rev. F. J. Z w e m e r ...... ...

Miss Susan R. Duryee. . . . . . . 10 Rev. A. S. Freeman, D.D...... 10 Mrs. Anna G. Frisbee. Rev. G. W . Furbeck.......... 20 Rev. J. G. Gebhard... John Glysteen. . . . . Miss Caroline Gridley. A. W. Hopeman.-..... Mrs. G. W. Hulse and Mrs. J. J. Beattie........... ...... 10


10 10 10

S Y N D I C A T E O F E I G H T DOLLARS. Rev. W. E. Griffle, D . D . . . . Mrs. Julia II. Nichols. . . . . Rev. Isaac.J. Van Hee ....

Rev. W. H. Boocock.. . . . . . . S 8 Rev. G. H. Cotton.. Clayton Demarest... .. . . . . . 8

...$ ... ...

2 8 8

S Y N D I C A T E O F SIX D O L L A R S . J. B. D. Myers ....

Mrs. P. Wayenberg ......

...... $ 6

S Y N D I C A T E O F FIVE DOLLARS. The Mieses Abeel... ...... S 5 Miss Elizabeth Anderson. . . . . 5 Rev. ยฃ. J. Blekkink.......... 10 Rev. F. M. Bogardue.......... 5 A. J. Bogert................. 5 John Boon.................. 5 Cheerful Workers, Holland..... Albany, N. T ........... 10 Miss E. M. Crowell.,....... 5 Mrs. H. T. Dernell............ 5 W m . Geurink ............... 15 Rev. A. J. Hageman.......... 5 Rev. G. H. Hospers........... 5 Mrs. C. M. Hutchings......... 5 J. S. Jemlson................ 5 John Kloot................. 5 Miss Kate Lang.............. 2 50 ' Miss M. V. Lindsley.......... 5 Miss Juliet McCarrell......... 5 Mrs. H. J. Mentink.......... 5

Miss Jennie Nyland. . . . . . .. .$ 2 50 Mrs. E. E. Oicbtt. . . . . . . . W . J. Overocker.............. 5 Rev. P. T. Phelps............. 3 75 Mrs. Joseph Scudder.......... 5 Rev. Geo. Siebert............. 5 Rev. Abraham Stegeman....... 5 Dr. H. Terhorst............... 5 S. Terhorst.................. 10 Rev. E. Tilton, Jr.,........... 5 Rev. J. A. Thompson.......... 5 M. Vandevelde............... 5 Miss A. T. Van Santvoord...... 5 Mrs. W. Van B e y n u m ......... 5 Miss Mary L. Van Eps......... 5 Miss Gertrude E. Williams..... 5 Mies E m m a Williams.......... 5 Rev. and Mrs. P. A. Weesels.... 3 50 Y. P. a. C. E., Little Falls, N. Y. 5 Y. P. S. C. E., Manhasset, N. V . . 5

S Y N D I C A T E O F T W O A N D O N E - H A L F DOLLARS. Mrs: E. W. D u n h a m ............. ..................................... $ 2 50 S Y N D I C A T E O F T W O DOLLARS.

.8 1

Mrs. Margaret Eager, S Y N D I C A T E O F O N E DOLLAR. Miss Mary Van Steenbergh.....


James E. Van A k e n ...........ยง 1

S Y N D I C A T E O F G R A N D RAPIDS, MICH. F. J. Michmershuizer.... .... $ 5 Cornelias Dosker.... Dr. Benjamin Pyle....... 5 B. Dosker......... .. <..... 5 D. C. Steketee. ......... .... 5 Mrs. N. H. Dosker..., ....... 5 John D u m e z ....... ........ P. J. Steketee........... P. P. Steketee.... .......... S 5

SYNDICATE OF WEST END COLLEGIATE CHURCH, N.Y. CITY. L. H. Beers.......... ......* Mrs. Henry E. Cobb..,. ... . C. W. Carpenter...... Miss Lillian Carpenter.. ...... J. V. D. Card........ F. L. Colwell......... w.c. GIfflng......... W. P. Glenney....... Mrs. T. '


Lewis Johnston.......... ...$ Walter J. Mclndoe... ..... ... Mrs. John Macauley...... ... Sunday-school............ ... 5 Sunday-school Infant Class.. ... John Tatlock............. ... Miss Jessie W o o d ......... ... Miss Catherine W o o d ...... ... C. Wood... ...... s 10

5 5 5 5 5 5 10 10


S Y N D I C A T E O F FIRST C H U R C H , S O M E R V I L L E , N. J.

Mr. J. Ten Eyck...... Mrs. S. Ten Eyck .... ...... Mrs. James Coin...... Rev. W. S. Cranmer... ...... Miss K. A. Grigg..... .

3 5

Mrs. J. S. Haines......... Mrs. Abram Huff......... Mrs. M. Jellife........... Miss M. Langstroth.......

2. 3 5 1

. .$ ... ... ...


Ladies*MissionarySociety...... 5 SNDICATE OF CHURCH MT. VERNON, N.Y. Fred’k P.De Witt . ... $ 7 50 Thomas L.Paskett.. .... $ 5 MissBellMcIntosh. ... 10 Mrs.P. Pearson.... Church Collections.. ... 1597 Rev.F. S.Scudder. Mrs. W. E.Ormond. ... 2 50 CharlesW. Van Court.... 5 MissMary C.Wood.... . § 2 SYNDICATE OF SECOND CHURCH, NEW BRUNSWICK, N. J. Per^MissAdeline Cortelyou... ....................... $ 97 20 SYNDICATE OF GRACE CHAPEL, FLATBUSH, BROOKLYN, N. Y.

Rev, W . H. Boocock...... ...$ 1 Miss Ruth Boocock....... ... 50 O Mrs. Cronin.............. Mrs. Clifford............. Frank Elstrotb........... MissSusan Ferris......... .... 2 Henry Haigh............. Harry Haigh.............

Mrs. Haigh.............. ...S John Morrow............ ... Mr. Peterson............ ... Ambrose B. Shaw......... Mrs. Ambrose B. Shaw. ..... Miss Mamie Shaw ......... ... Mrs. G. L. Vanderbilt...... Miss Mary Williams....... ...


1 50

1 1

S Y N D I C A T E O F F I RST C H U R C H , J A M A I C A , N. Y. Ladles* Missionary Society... Olive Branches........... Junior C. E. Society....... MIeb M. K. Vedder........ . ..


Mrs. M. Margaret Phraner... ...S 8 Miss Olive Phraner........ Mies Emily A. Skinner..... ... 2 Charles S. Skinner........ ... 2

S Y N D I C A T E O F C H U R C H , CATSKILL, N. Y. Mrs. William Donahue.... ...S 1 Mrs. J. Malcom........... ...« 1 The Misses Hnpklns....... Mrs. H. D. Stores......... ... 50 The Misses Salisbury...... ... 1 Mrs. W . I. Jennings....... ... 50 Miss S. Willard........... ... 1 Miss S. L. Pruyn.......... ... 2 Miss M. L. Van Orden..... Mrs. Isaac Pruyn......... Miss A. Van Ordeu........ ... 1 Mrs. J. D. Ahreet. ........$ 1

SPECIAL SYNDICATES. ArabianMissionarySociety,Milwaukee,Wis... Y. P.S.C.E.,Clarketown,N. Y....... ArabianMissionaryAssociation,Zeeland, Mich

$ 80 .


. 75

M I S C E L L A N E O U S GIFTS. S. S. Coeymane, N. Y ........ $ 5 81 11Memorial11................ 200 Miss Elizabeth Frost......... . 60 Mrs. S. A. Sandham.......... 75 L. M. S. Middleburg, la., per W. B d ...................... 10 Y. P. S. C. E,, Glenham, N. Y... 5 “ Continued1’.......... 5 V. Z. V. 1st Muskegon, Mich.... 15 Y. P. S. C. E. Mahwah, N. J __ 4 75 Rev. J. Elmendorf, D.D...... 5 S. S. Little Neck, N. J ....... 4 50 Fri'ende, 29th St., N. Y. City___ 20 L. C. W. S., Plainfield, N. J... 2 Oer. Evang., Houston St., N. Y. ‘ City..................... 10 W . M. Soc’s. Albany, N. Y __ _ 15 IstGhent, N. Y ............. 6 Hist. Soc., 2d Rochester, N. Y... 40 L. W . C. S., Trinity, Plainfield, N. J....=............... 9 W. Soc., Danforth, III........ 10 A Friend.............. 15 L. M. Soc., 5th Grand Rapids, ^ Mich.......... f....... L.. 15 Jun. C. E. Soc., Grand Rapids, Mich..................... 3 S. S., Macon, Mich........... 2 25 Y. P. S. C. E., 1st Grand.Haven, Mich.................... 10 8d Kalamazoo, Mich......... 5 1st Rochester, N. Y .......... 8 W. M. Assoc ,Oostburg, Wis.. 7 55 Rev. A. Zwemer......... 35 L. M. S., 4th Grand Rapids,. Mich., per W. B d ....... 20 Y. P. S. C. E., Clinton Ave., Newark, N. J ............. 20 L. M. Socs., Alton, la........ 32 27 Y. P. S. C. E., Cuddebflcltville, N . Y ........... 10 Rev. J. P. DeJong........... 20 A Friend, E. Williamson, N. Y.. 5 Mrs. J. Dykstra............. 13 10 1st Holland, Mich........... 18 80 Y. P. S. C. E.,7th Grand Rapids, Mich............... 20 Y. L. M. B., 3d Kalamazoo, Mich. 10 Y. P. S. C. E., 12th St., Brooklyn, N. Y ..................... 5 Y. P. S. C. E., Bloomlngburg, 1 N . Y .... ................ Y. P. S. C. E., 1st Orange City, ■ la....................... 5 In memoriam, James Lansing Veeder;.................. 25 Catechumens, Alto, Wis...... 21 86

2dPella,la........... 17*Jun. C. E. Soc., Stone Ridge, N.Y........... 5 BibleSchool, LittleNeck, N.Y. ’2 50 Anx.,Alto,Wis.,per W. Bd.... 13j75 Mrs.A. L,........... 5 Jun.,H. W., CedarGrove, Wis.. 20 S.Joldersma.......... 5 MiesCarrieB.Wheeler.... 5 Y. P.S.C.E.,Coytesville,N.J. 20 MissJ.S.Pearson....... 5 Mr.and Mrs. K.De Wenk.. 10 Two Friends ...... 5 Mrs. HelenBrandow...... 10 L.M. S.,Bethany,GrandRapids, Mich......... 5 M. L. B.Q........... 5 Thomas Welling....... 10 W. M. S.,2d Paterson,N.J.. 10 E. Kraai ........... 2 Mr. and Mrs. F. M. Tichenor andMissCougar.... 5 Mrs.and theMisses Polhemus.. 6 MissS.R. Ward........ 5 Dr.and Mrs.ArthurWard.. 10 Mrs. Kane’s Class, Kent St., * • Brooklyn, N.Y....... 10 Mrs.RichardWiener...... 2 Rev.TaberKnox.......... '5 Mrs.Dr. W. B.Bradner.... 5 Mrs. Geo.W. Sandford.... 2 Y. P.S. C. E.,Alton,la..... 6 G. H.............. 25 Y. P.S.C.E.,2d Pella,la.. 5 Woman’sBoard F.M ..... ■50 Y.P. S.C. E.,Hope Miss.,Win­ field,L. 1........... 5 Y.P.S. C. E., North Newark, N. J............ 2 i K.Weirsraa....... A.Z.Van Houten.... 5 T.A.R.Goodlatte....... 5 D. C.Cowdrey......... 5 FrankHughes........... 10 Aux., Philmont, N. Y., pei^W. „ Bd.............. 10 PeterSewelibk......... 20 E. S.Hand’s Y.M. BibleClass, let Collegiate, Harlem, N. Y. City............. 100 S.S., letCollegiate,Harlem, N. Y.City............ 20 A Friend............. 5 L. M. S.,1stSyracuse,N. Y_ 10, Y. P. S. C. E., GrandRapids, Mich....... .'..... 10 J.Townsend Lansing,Esq.. 5dP

Y. P. S. C., 1st Collegiate, Har-J

lem, N.Y.City...... . . §20 Anx/,Zeeland,Mich.,perW. Bd. 10 Mrs.J.J.Demarest...... * 375 Rev.T.H. P.Sailer...... 25 JacobH. Hoagland... ... 1 S.S.,3dKalamazoo,Mich.... 5 Alton, la............ 21 10 Aux.,1stNew Brunswick;N.J., per W. Bd...... v... 20 Gibbsville,Wis.,perW. Bd.. 15 D.Niessink.......... G AlbertJongenaard....... 2 SpringLake, Mich....i..... 4 93 Y.P.S.C. E., 1st New Bruns­ wick, N.J.. '.. .... 25 Mrs.T.E. Selle,Montana... 6 25 Mrs.Rev.J.J.Fles...... 5 Y.P.S.C.E., 1stAthens,N.Y. 5 MarthaSoc.,Paterson, N.J .. 10 W. M. 8.,ThreeOaks,Mich.. 5 Mrs.C.Steketee........ 1 Y.P.S.Oostburg, Wis.... 10 A Friend,Holland,Neb.... 2 Y.Y.S.C.E.,FairSt.,Kingston, N. Y............. 0 25 A Friend............ 1 SixLadies,Detroit,Mich... 6 S.S.New Holland, Mich... 21 10 S.S.Boyden,la........ 3 11 Class2, S. S., 1st Hackensack, N. J............. 5 MissCarrieKarstenandherS.S. Class,Ootsburg, Wis.... 5 Mrs.M. C.Van Brunt..... 2 PellaClubfor Int.Improvement. 10 S.S.,1stOrange City,la... 28 25 MissAmy C.Duryee.... 30 Mr.andMrs.LouisSmit.... 5 Nyack, N. Y.......... 53 04 LadyinMadisonAv.,Albany,N. Y.,perW. Bd........ 25 Y. P.S.C.E.,Millstone,N.J... 6 Y.P.S. C. E., New Baltimore, N. Y............. 13 27 MissionS.9.,KentSt.,Brooklyn N. Y....... 30 Glenham,N.Y......... 3 The Lord’sMoney....... 5 Sr.CatechumenSflstCleveland,O. 5 A Friend,Koseland,111.... 20 Y. P.S.C.E.,SiouxCenter,la.. 20 L. M. S.,Bethany,GrandRapids, Mich............. 5 W. B.S.,Alton, la....... 22 P.Semelink.......... 20 Rev.J. W. Te Winkel.... 10

S. S. Holland, Albany, N. Y ... $ L. M. S., 2d Grand Rapids, Mich. One Cent M. B., Milwaukee, Wis. K. D., Milwaukee, Wis... . Mrs. Rebecca^ H a m m o n d . ........ Y. P. S. C. E., Spring Lake, Mich. W . F. M. S.,lfct Muskegon, Mich. Y. P. S. C. E., 4th Ger., N. Y. C. S. S. 5th Grand Rapids, Mich__ •Mrs. A. Roggen.............. Aux; Boyden, la ..•.......... Friends in Free Grace, la...... S. S. Manhattan, Montana..... Children of J. Van Gent....... Hope, Westfieldi D a k ........ Mrs. J. H. D o o m i n k .......... Mrs. H. D y k e n m ......... ;... S. S. Pine Creek, Mich........ Y. P. S. C. E., Flushing, N.-Y.‘. Three Ladies, rHoboken, N. J. per W. B d ................. M. W. Soc., Zeeland, Mich., per W . B d .................... Y.P.S.C.E.,lst Jamestown, Mich. •C. J.Dodgshun............. Older Catech. Class, Alto, Wis... Aux. Flatlands, Brooklyn, N. Y., perW. B d ................. Charlotte G. Tracy, per W . B d ... Y. M. C. A., Holland, N e b ..... Y. P S. C. E., Chatham, N. V... Anx., N. Y., Av., Newark, N. J., Rev. B. C. Lipplncott......... Miss A. jLippinoott........... Mrs. Henry Camerden........ H. Z. V.DeHeid, Rochester, N.Y. Miss Jessie Snyder........... Y. P. S. C. E., Millstone, N. J... East Williamson, N. Y ....... Y. P. S. C. E., Homdel, N. J.... Y. P. S. C. E., Metuchen, N. J.. S. S., Nyack, N. Y ........... Y. P. 9. C. E., Jamaica, L. I.... Newkirk, la................ S. H. Wheeler............... S. S. Talmage Mem. Phila. Pa... Y. P. S. C. E., Palisades, N. J... Y. P. S. C. E., Stuyvesant, N. Y, W . Soc. Waupun, Wis....,.... Y. P. S.C. E., 1st Ghent., N.Y... Hope Chapel, 1st Schenectady, N . Y ..................... 5th Grand Rapids, Mich., per W. B d ....................... Y, Y. S. C. E., 1st Athens, N. Y. M. Soc., 34th St., N. Y. City.. Comforter, Kingston, N. Y ....

9 17 10 10 5 20 5 18 10 40 5 20 12 50 7 4 75 15 40 6 1 5 10 5 26 5 5 ^ 10 35 ■ 10 5 16 10 15’ 15 5 1 2 5 10 10 16 16 5 10 14 05 5 10 25 30 5 36 5 14 5 7 15 5 25 10

Rev. and Mrs. G. Niemyer.....$ Miss M. H's S. S. Class, Holland, Mich..................... Mr. B. S'sS. S. Class, Holland, Mich................... Johnstown, N. Y ......... Miss R. S. Wilson............ Stuyvesant Falls, N. Y ....... Class 2,1st Hackensack,N. J.... Y.P.S.C.E., N e w Utrecht, Brook足 lyn, N. Y ............... Rev. George Davis........... Comforter, N. Y. City......... East N e w York, Brooklyn, N. Y. Y. P. S.C.E., Ist Coxsackle, N.Y. Y. P. S. C. E., Newburgh, ,N. Y.. Y. L. M. S.,3d Kalamazoo, Mich. S.S.Class. 1st Collegiate, Harlem, N. Y. City................

3 6 6 5 30 6 78 5 5 10 1 38 3 5 5 10

Y. P. S. C. E., Westerlo, N.Y... 3 Y. P. S. C. E.,2d Freehold, N.0. 19 27 13 25 Nlskayuna, N. Y ....... ' Y. P. S. C. E., 2d Syracuse, N.Y. 2 Y. P. S. C. E., 2d Roche8ter,N.Y. 7 Y. P. S. C. E., East N e w York, N. Y ...... 5 Y. p. S. O. E., Cedar Grove, Wis. 5 " Y. P. S. C. E., Cuddebackville, N.Y.................... 10 Y. P. S. C. E., Boonton, N. J....' 14 20 1 Y. P. S. C. E ,Macon, Mich... Derk Landaal... ........... 20 Y. P. S. C. E., 5th Grand Rapids, Mich..................... 10 1st Schenectady, N. Y ...... 59 22 2,708 78

8 70

RECAPITULATION. Receipts from Syndicates.. ......................................... $2,608 17 Miscellaneous Gifts for Regular W o r k ................................. 1,679 50 Gifts for Objects Outside the Appropriations............................ 1,029 28 $5,316 95

The Arabian Mission in account with P E T E R D O N A L D , Treasurer, for theyear ending April 30, i8gj. . Dr. To cash paid for account of work in Arabia...................... $5,975 Cash paid here for account of missionaries................... 275 4& Printing Annual Report, statements, etc............. $105 Bookkeeping.......................................... 300 Postage and incidentals.............................. 15810 -----563 10 Rev. J. Cantine, traveling and freight to Arabia................ 326 44 Loan account April 30,1897.................................... ^ 2,000 Balance to new account...................................... 1,704 63 $10,844 63 Cr. By balance brought forward. Ma y 1,1896 ........................ Loan account M a y 1,1896.................... ................. Syndicateand other gifts regular............................... Gifts for objects outside the appropriations....................... Interest........................................ ...........

$2,599 35 2,600 4,287 67 1,029 28 128 33

$10,844 63 P E T E R D O N A L D , Treasurer. N e w York City, M a y 3, 1897. Examined and found correct.

N e w York Ma y 13, 1897,

F R A N C I S B ^ C O N ^ â&#x20AC;&#x2122;} Auditing Committee, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;



(fn compliance with resolution of General Synod.) A M O Y MISSION, CHINA.

• Gold,

Salariesandallowancesforchildren... GospelBoatsandmessengers....... Personalteachers..... .... . Evangelisticwork.... ..... Medicalbills............ . Travelingforhealth,MissMorrison.', Printing.... %■••••.... . Rents,taxesandrepairs..... . Missionlibrary........ ...., Miscellaneous.............. . Schools.—TheologicalSeminary.... Primary............. Parochial........ . Boys’Academy......... . Amoy girls’.......... Amoy woman’s........ Sio-khegirls’......... Sio»khewoman’s....... Chiang-chiu.... ......

$11,867 83 375 9 3 34 2,9 2 9 5 6 274 54 .

8 7 86 191 2 7 4 8 2 98 1 2 91 86 40

$291 GO 161 4 0 48 42 2 8 7 98 331 20 6 4 8 7 .. 140 43 2 0 63 5 6 19 ------ r -

Freight for missionaries and A m o y Hospital, Buildings atThian-po and Te-soa........ Dr. Otte’s house......... ............. Hope Hospital A m o y .................... Dr. F. T. B. Fest’s outfit. .•....... ...... Rev. H. E. Studley’s outfit............. Dr. J. A. Otte’s refit................... Traveling of missionary party to China...

1,402 72 ■

785 32 158 2,435 44 8,584 9 5 600 300

200 2,328 6 5

$33,196 77

A R G O T MISSION, INDIA. Salaries, allowances for children, etc.................. Rev. J. Chamberlain, D.D., refit and traveling......... Miss L. H. Hart, M.D., outfit account................ Rev. H. Huizinga, outfit and traveling................ Freight and sundries..... ....... ;.................

Gold. $ 1 4 , 1 1 7 30 750 169


1,251 4 5 171


$16,459 73

Rupees. Schools:jVellore High.................................... $4,209 Tindivanam.................................... 1,518 Madanapalle, boys1.............................. 1,800 1,002 Madanapalie, girls’.............................. Tamil, girls’.................................... 4,108 Girls’ Training................................. 781 Vernacular..................................... 8,948 500 Industrial..................................... Hindu girls’.................................... G,G35 One Theological student.......................... 333 ----Native Assistants....................................... Rents and repairs....................................... Building department..................................... Touring and traveling................................... Medical department...................................... Mission Library......................................... Sanitaria............................................... Miscellaneous........................................... One rupee eqnal to 30 cents............................... A d d salaries, etc., as above................................

29,894 19.280 4,823 2,805 4,668 2,037 100 480 1,990

Rupees, 66,077 Gold, $19,823 10 16,459 73

§36,28283 NORTH JAPAN MISSION. • Gold. Salariesand allowancesforchildren............... $12,429 21 Houserents......................... 2,451 26 Personalteachers...................... 289 93 Evangelistic work...................... $3,48126 Aomoriproperty...................... 66373 - 4,14499 Schools.—FerrisSeminary,Yokohama.............. $2,23032 ' MeijiGakuin,Tokyo.................... 1,45307 Supportoftheologicalstudents............... 27366 ---3,95727 Travelinginmissionwork.................... 32 41 Medicalbills... ...................... . 18947 Publicationandsundries..................... 13596 TravelingfromJapan, Rev.E.S.Booth and family... .... 979 67 TravelingtoJapan, Rev. andMrs.J.H.Ballagh......... 485 80 TravelingtoJapan,Rev. Dr.J.Poppen andfamily....... 626 65 OntfitofRev.D.J.Poppenandfamily............. 600 $26,322 62 S O U T H J A P A N MISSION. Gold. Salaries and allowances for children........................ $7,273 Rent, mission residences, land rent, Insurance, etc............ 1,334 98 Personal teachers....................................... 279 50 Evangelistic work....................................... 3,499 04 Schools.— Jonathan Sturges Seminary, Nagasaki............. $1,435 03 Steele College, Nagasaki............................ 2,373 96 Support of theological students...................... 231 41 --------------- 4,04040Medical bills........................................... 297 37 Sundries.......................................... 42 45$16,766 74-

HOME EXPENSES. Salaries............................. $4,81666 Rentofoffice..................... 850 Account books and stationery............................. Postage............................................... Missionary boxes.......................................

105 15 222 65 138 18

Sundries............................. Printint;AnnualReport.....................

429 08 344 10

Printing leaflets, etc........................... .........



022 04

The Mission Field...................................... The Day Star..........................................

750 75

GeneralSynod'sCommitteeon thedebt.............

514 79

Missionary m a p ...................................

Intereston loans..................... Less interest on Security Fund...........................

805 98

1,301 32 $10,880 29 3,097 50 $7,788 79

RECAPITULATION. A m o y Mission......................................... $33,196 77 Arcot Mission......................................... 36,282 83 North Japan Mission................................... 26,322 62 South Japan Mission.............................. 16,760 74


H o m e expenses........................................

7,788 79 $120,357 75

T H E A R A B I A N MISSION. Salaries of Missionaries............................... Personal teachers.................................... Omflt, etc., Miss A. E. Wilkes......................... â&#x2013; Native assistants..................................... $1,161 30 Rent of Bible shops......... 99 Touring of assistants................................. 218 17

$2,990 86 92 40 498 88

$1,478 47 648 44 ---------------- 83003 Touring of missionaries and traveling............................ Vacation expenses........................................... House rents and repairs....................................... Medical expenses............................................ Freight, postage, exchange, etc................................. School for rescued slave boys.......... ............... â&#x20AC;&#x2122; 138 28 39 66 Muecat printing press............................... Books................... 55 96 Traveling to Arabia, Rev. J. Cantine........................... H o m e expenses.............................................. Less amount from Bible Societies.....................

$6,847 33 Less gifts received on the field........................ B. L. Mi Aid Society.... *... ........................

$28 82 100 01 ------

128 83 $6,718 50

33742 11580 44866 30398 109CO

30524 52050

MISSIONARIES OF T H E BOARD. The following list presents the names of Missionaries now connected with the various Missions, whether in the field .or at home, expecting to return, with their addresses. . Letter postage to all Lands here named, five cents per half ounce, or fraction. Postage on printed matter, one cent for each two ounces, or fraction. A M O Y


O n l y address— Amoy, China. went cot. Mrs. J. V. N . T a l m a g e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1865 Rev. Daniel Rap al je . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1858 Mrs. Alice Rapalje. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1878 Rev. L. W . Kip, D. D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1861 Mrs. Hel en C. K i p . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1861 Miss M a r y E. T a l m a g e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1874 Miss Catherine M . T a l m a g e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1881 Rev. Philip W . Pitcher... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1885 Mrs. A n n i e T. Pitcher. . . . . . •. . . . . . . . . . . . . . '. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1885 Rev. J o h n A. Otte, M . D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1887 Mrs. Frances C. O tt e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1887 ' Miss Nellie Z w e m e r . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1891 Miss Elizabeth M . C a p p o n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1891 M is s M a r y C. M o r r i s o n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1892 Miss Lily N . D u r y e e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1894 Rev. A. D. D. Fraser. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1895 Rev. H o b a r t E. Stu dl ey . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1896 Francis T. B. Fest, M . D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1896 Mrs. E m m y Fest... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1896 Miss M . v a n B. C a l k o e n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1896 A R C O T MISSION.


General address— Madras Presidency, India. Rev. Jared W . Scudder, M . D., D. D., Palmaner. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1855 Mrs. Julia C. Scudder, Palmaner. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1855 . Rev. J a c o b Chamberlain, M . D., D. D.. Madanapalie. . . . . . . . . . . 1859 „ Mrs. Charlotte B. Chamberlain, Madanapalie. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1859 Rev. J o h n Scudder, M . D., D.D., N e w Brunswick, N. J. . . . . . . . . 1861 Mrs. Sop hi a W . S c u d d e r “ “ . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 1861 Rev. J. H. Wyckoff, Tindivanam. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1874 Mrs. Gertrude C ha nd le r Wyc ko ff , Tindivanam. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1892 Miss Julia C. Scudder, Palmaner. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1879 Rev. Ezekiel C. Scudder, Jr., A m i . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1882 Mrs. M a b e l J. Scudder, A m i . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1889 Miss M . K. Scudder, Banipettai. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1884 Rev. W . I. Chamberlain, Vellore. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1887 Mrs. M a r y E. Chamberlain, “ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1891 Rev. L e w i s R. Scudder, M . D., Banipettai... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1888 Mrs. Ethel T. Scudder, “ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1888


M I S S I O N (Gimtinued.) W E N T ODT.

Rev. Miss Rev. Mrs. M is s Rev. Mrs.

Louis B. Chamberlain, Mandanapalle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1891 Lizzie v o n Bergen, “ ' . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1891 J a m e s A. Beattie, Chittoor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1894 M ar ga re t Dali Beattie. “ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...1894 Louisa H. Hart, M . D., Banipettai. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1895 H e n r y Huizinga, Vellore. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1896 S u s a n A. H u i z i n g a . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1896 N O R TH



General Address— Japan. Rev. G u i d o F . Verbeck, D.D., Tokyo. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1859 Mrs. M a r i a M . Verneck, 'Alameda, Cal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1859 Rev. J a m e s H. Ballagh, Yokohama. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1861 Mrs. Margaret K. Ballagh, 1861 Rev. E. Rothesay Miller, Morioka, Iwate Ken...'.. . . . . . . . . . . . . .1875 Mrs. M a r y E . Miller, “ “ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1869 Rev. E u g e n e S. Booth, 25 East Twenty-second St.. N e w York. . . . 1879 Mrs. E m i l y S. Booth, “ “ “ ..... 1879 Prof. Martin N. W y c k o f f , Meiji Qakuin, Tokyo. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1881 Mrs. A n n a C. W y c k o f f , N e w Brunswick, N . J . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1881 M i s s M . Leila W i n n , Aomori. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1882 Rev. H o w a r d Harris, Meiji Qakuin, l o k y o . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1884 M r s Lizzie B. Harris, “ ‘‘ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1884 Miss M a r y E. B r o k a w , 619 Ueda, Shinano. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1884 Miss A n n a D eF . T h o m p s o n , 178 Bluff, Yokohama. . . . . . . . . . . . . 1886 Miss M a r y Deyo, 619 Ueda, Shinano. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1888 Miss Julia Moulton, lid Bluff. Yokohama.... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1889 Rev. J ac ob Pop pe n, Ph.D., Meiji Qakuin, lokyo. . . . . . . . 1896' Mrs. A n n a V. Z. P o p p e n , “ “ “ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1896 Rev. F r a n k S. S c u d d e r . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1897 Mrs. Florence D. S. S c u d d e r . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : .... — 1867 Mrs. Jennie D u m o n t S c h e n c k . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1897 SOUTH



General Add re ss — Japan. " Rev. H e n r y Stout, D.D., 25 East 2%d Street, N e w York. . . . . . . . . 1869 Mrs. Elizabeth G. Stout, “ ‘‘ .*. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1869 Rev. Albert Oilmans, Saga. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1886 Mrs. Alice V . Oilmans, “ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1886 Rev. Albertus Pieters, Nagasaki. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1891 Mrs. E m m a T. Pieters, " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1891 Miss Sar ah M. C o u c h . Nagasaki. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1892 Rev. H a r m a n V. S. Peeke, Kagoshima. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1893 Mrs. Vesta O. Peeke, “ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1893 Miss Harriet M . Lansing, Nagasaki. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1893 ARABIAN


General address— Via Bombay. Open London Mail.. , Rev. J a m e s Cantine, Busrah, Persian Gulf... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1889 R ev . S a m u e l M . Z w e m e r . 25 East 22d Street, N e w York........ 1890 *Rev. Peter J. Z w e m e r , Muscat, Arabia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1892 Mrs. A m y W . Z w e m e r . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1396 H . R. L. Worrall, M..Y)., Busrah, Persian Gulf. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1894 Rev. Fred. J. Barny, Busrah, Persian Qulf. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1897


A G E N C I E S E M P L O Y E D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xix,x x A M O Y

M I S S I O N ......................................... i

C h u r c h e s . . ....... vii Contributions............................ vii D i s b u r s e m e n t s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . :. . . . . . . . . 104 E d u c a t i o n a l W o r k . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12.17 Evangelistic W o r k . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2, 6 H o s p i t a l s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ;. . . . . viii, 17 N e e d s of M i s s i o n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii Reinforcements............ xvii Parochial S c h o o l s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Statistics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 W o m a n ’s W o r k . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii, 6 A O M O R I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 A P P R O P R I A T I O N S .................................... xxv A P P O R T I O N M E N T S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 A R A B I A N M I S S I O N . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 B o o k s a n d Scriptures..... :. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xiv, 74,73 D i s b u r s e m e n t s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106 Financial C o n d i t i o n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . x v First Fruits... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . x v Medical W o r k . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xv, 76 Opportunities.............................. 73 R e c e i p t s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ■. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97, 102 S l a v e B o y s ’ S c h o o l . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xiv. 77 T r e a s u r e r ’s R e p o r t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 W o r k for W o m e n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 A R C O T M I S S I O N . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iS Churches'.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix.41 D i s b u r s e m e n t s .... ■. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104 E d u c a t i o n a l W o r k . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix, 24. 32 Chittoor Girls’ S c h o o l s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 a D a y Schools................ 29 H i n d u Girls’ S c h o o l s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19, 29 S u n d a y - s c h o o l s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 Village S c h o o l s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31 E v a n g e l i s t i c - W o r k . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . x,32 M e d i c a l W o r k . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . •.. . . . . . . . . . . 40 N e w P a s t o r s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix P er s e c u t i o n s . . . . . . 44 Salvation A r m y I nt ru si on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Statistics.... :...... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18


:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xiv, 75


C H I L D R E N ’S P A P E R . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


C H R I S T I A N E N D E A V O R ........... :.............. ...... At H o m e ..................................... xxii A b r o a d . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13.47 ' Missionary L e a g u e ......... xxii C OL PO RT AG E




74.75 79

135 8- 97 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

C O N T R I B U T I O N S — Increase i n ........ ‘ . . . . . . . . . . . .

50, 51

C O . O P E R A T I O N W I T H A. B. C. F. M . . . . . . . . . . D A Y S T A R ....................................

iii xxii

D E A T H S . . . .............................................. M e m b e r s of the B o a r d . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ■. . . . . . . . . . . . xix P a s t o r M a s s i l l a m o n i . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -. . . . . . . . . 23 D E M A N D S


G R O W T H . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vi


D I S C O U R A G E M E N T S .... xi, 32, 45. 5&

... .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


E D U C A T I O N A L W O R K . — S e e S ch oo ls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E V A N G E L I S T I C W O R K — See Missions..................... E X P E N D I T U R E S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxiii Detailed S t a t e m e n t s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104. 105 F A M I N E I N I N D I A . . . . . . . :. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . x, 22 FERRIS

S E M I N A R Y ....................................


. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . :. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxiii


F I R S T F R U I T S ' I N A R A B I A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..


F O R T Y Y E A R S ’ G R O W T H . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ’. . . . . . . . . . . . . i.v F O R W A R D G L A D




1896-97. . . . . . . . . .

T I D I N G S ’. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . •. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62

G R O W T H tH I G H

U R G E D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi




. . . . . . . . ’...... .

.... ....v

M I S S I O N .........................

S C H O O L A T V E L L O R E ............

G I R L S ’ S C H O O L S . . . . ' . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19. 29

H I N D U I S M — Failure o f . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H O M E


!.. . . . . . . . .ix. 25 .20

E X P E N S E S . . . . . . . .'. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106

H O S P I T A L S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..viii, 17, 40 INDEBTEDNESS INDEPENDENT

........... ACTION


B E G U N . . . . . . . :...... iv

I N D U S T R I A L S C H O O L . . . . . . . . . '. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...xviii. 31 I N S U F F I C I E N T F O R C E . . . . . . . . . . . ■. . . . . . . . . . . . . vii, xv, 2, 6


J A P A N , — G e n e r a l C on di ti on s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii, 52. 64 Q u a r t e r - C e n t u r y . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ,xi, 62 L E G A C I E S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92 LIGHT A N D S H A D E

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46

L O S S E S . U N U S U A L ..... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xviii M E D I C A L W O R K .........................


M E I J I G A K U I N ......................



G I F T S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92


B O A R D ......

M I S S I O N A R Y M A P . . .............................. MISSION FIELD MISSION


.................................. xx ....xx



G L E A N E R . . . . . . . . . . '. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxi

M O R I O K A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . i. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 M O V E M E N T S NATIVE N E W

O F M I S S I O N A R I E S .....................




. . . . . . . . . . . . . .....23,65

A P P O I N T M E N T S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xvii

N O R T H J A P A N M I S S I O N ......... ..52 A d v e r s e Influences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 D i s b u r s e m e n t s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . i. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105 E d u c a t i o n a l W o r k . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii Evangelistic W o r k . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Ferris S e m i n a r y . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 F a v o r a b l e C o n d i ti on s .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Meiji G a k u i n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . /. . . . . . . . . . . 53 N e e d of Christian S ch oo ls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xiii Reinforcement........ xviii 52 Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tidal W a v e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 W o r k e r s ’ Meetings...'.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 OPPORTUNITIES

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vi, 32. 35. 73

O P I U M C U R S E . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4, 7 P E R S E C U T I O N . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 PUBLICATIONS

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xx. 15. 58. 62


I N D E P E N D E N C E . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iii


R E C E I P I'S— f r o m all s o u r c e s . . . . . . . . . . . xxiii F r o m the b e g i n n i n g . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 A r a b i a n M is si on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97, 102 C o m p a r a t i v e S t a t e m e n t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 C o n d e n s e d S t a t e m e n t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 T a b u l a t e d S t a t e m e n t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . !. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 R E I N F O R C E M E N T S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xvii, xviii

R E S I G N A T I O N S ................. ........ ................ M r . D . J. S t e w a r d . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xix M i s s M . E. D u r y e a . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xvi, xvii S E L F - S U P P O R T .....................................


S L A V E B O Y S ’ S C H O O L . . . . ' . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xiv,


S O U T H J A P A N M I S S I O N . . . . ! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 D i s b u r s e m e n t s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105 E d u c a t i o n a l W o r k . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii Statistics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 Steele; College, A c a d e m i c D e p a r t m e n t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 T h e o l og ic al D e p a r t m e n t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 S t u r g e s S e m i n a r y . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 SPECIAL

G I F T S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxiv, xxv, 92


. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66

S T U R G E S S E M I N A R Y .................................


T H E O L O G I C A L S E M I N A R I E S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12, 24, 53. 65 T I D A L W A V E , J A P A N . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . :. . . . . . . . . . . . 61 T R E A S U R E R ’S R E P O R T . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A r a b i a n M i s s i o n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 B o a r d of F o r e i g n M i s s i o n s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 U E D A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 W I D O W S I N I N D I A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 W O M A N ' S B O A R D O F F O R E I G N M I S S I O N S . . . . . . . . . . . . xx P l e d g e s R e d e e m e d . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ,. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xx Receipts a n d P a y m e n t s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxi W O M A N ’S W O R K . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 Educational............................. 14-17 Eva ng el is ti c . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii, x, 6. 12, 35, 39. 48, 68


FORMS OF BEaUEST. F or the Board . “ I give unto the Board of Foreign Missions of the Reformed Church in America, dollars, to be applied for the maintenance and support of the Foreign Missions of said Church.” N. B. C a r e should be taken to insert the full corporate title, “ The Board of Foreign Missions of the Reformed Church in America.”

For the A rabian M ission. “ I give and bequeath to the Arabian Mission the sum of * dollars for its main­ tenance and support.” N. B. C a r e should be taken to insert the f u l l corporate title, “ The Arabian Mission.”

BOARD 01? FOREIGN MISSIONS. 1898. Rev. J. H. Oerter, D.D., Mr. V. H. Youngman, “ F. S. Douglas, “ Francis Bacon. M e m b e r s w h o s e T e r m expires J u n e , 1899. Rev. D. Sage Mac Kay, D.D., Mr. William L. Brower, “ Lewis Francis, “ W. H. Van Steenbergh, “ J. P. Searle, D.D., “ Joseph 0. Pool, “ E. G. Read, D.D., “ Richard B. Ferris. M e m b e r s w h o s e T e r m expires J u n e ,

Eev. J. H. Whitehead, “ E. B. Coe, D.D., “ E. P. Johnson, D.D., “ Peter Stryker, D.D.,

1900. Mr. J. J. Janeway, “ John O. Giffing, “ Chas. H. Harris, “ A. Z.Van Houten.

M e m b e r s w h o s e T e r m expires J u n e ,

Rev. A. P. Van Gieson, D.D., “ 0. L. Wells, D.D., “ M. H. Hutton,D.D., '• Wm. Moerdyk,

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. Rev. M. H. Hutton, D.D.,C h a i r m a n , Mr. Chas. H. Harris, “ Lewis Francis, “ Richard B. Ferris, “ C. L. Wells, D.D., “ F. S. Douglas, “ E. G. Read, D.D., “ Joseph 0. Pool, “ J. H. Whitehead, “ John 0. Giffing, Rev. D. Sage MacKay, D.D. ARABIAN MISSION Rev. M. H. Hutton, D.D., P r e s ’t., Rev. C. L. Wells, D.D., “ J. P. Searle, D.D., “ Lewis Francis, • “ D. Sage Mackay, D.D., Mr. John C. Giffing, Mr. Francis Bacon. OFFICERS FOR 1896-7. Rev. M. H. Hutton, D.D., President. “ J. P. Searle, D.D., Vice-President. " C. L. Wells, D.D., R e c o r d i n g Secretary. “ John M. Ferris, D.D., H o n . Secretary “ Henry N. Cobb, D.D., Cor. Sec., 25 E. 22nd St., N. Y. “ J. L. Amerman, D.D., Asst. Sec. 25 E. 22nd St., N. Y. Mr. Peter Donald, T r e asurer, 25 E. 22nd St., N. Y. MEDICAL ADVISERS. Henry R. Baldwin, M. D., New Brunswick. N. J. E. G. Jaueway, M. D., New York City.

065 board of foreign missions rca 1897