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ope college

olland, michigan APRIL 22,1982


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State Nursing Board Approves Hope-Calvin Program The Michigan Board of Nursing has given initial approval for establishment by Hope College in Holland and Calvin College in Grand Rapids of a shared baccalaureate degree program in nursing beginning next fall. The initial approval was awarded by the state agency late Wednesday afternoon (April 14) during a meeting in Lansing. Upon completion of the four-year curriculum at either Hope or Calvin, a student will receive the Bachelor of Science degree in Nursing (BSN ). ''While baccalaureate nursing programs in liberal arts colleges such as Hope and Calvin are commonplace, a single program involving two institutions i& not," notes Dr. Cynthia Kielinen, chairperson of the nursing department. "In general, cooperation between colleges and universities has been hampered by the feeling that it necessitated compromise. But this program is unique in that there is mutual decision-making, a joint budget and a shared faculty. By

avoiding duplication, we will offer a quality program in a cost-effective manner which responds to a national need for more nurses with a baccalaureate degree." Clinical education centers will be located at Butterworth Hospital in Grand Rapids and Holland Community Hospital, as well as at other west Michigan healthcare providers. 44A major goal of these relationships will be to ensure quality baccalaureate nursing education and at the same time bridge the gap that frequently exists between nursing practice and nursing education," said Kielinen. The new program responds to an expressed strong interest in nursing by current and prospective students at both schools. Each college has traditionally emphasized the "helping professions" through their academic programs and philisophies. The department plans to admit 50 students beginning next fall. Thereafter, 70 students will be admitted annually.

parent that none of the top bands could be by Timothy Shaffer "Who says Holland doesn't rock?" ask- booked, SAC made the decision not to sponsor a "major" concert; "We felt that ed posters across the Hope campus last week. Perhaps a better question to ask in if we couldn't get the bands that people light of the response to last Friday's wanted, that we shouldn't do the concert "Bandfest '82" might be, "who says at all." Donohue also said that when it Holland does rock?" The answer: about was determined that SAC would not do a 200 people-all that showed up for the SAC major concert, a community hour was held at which students could come and sponsored concert. According to Dick Donohue, SAC Ac- have a voice in what would be done with tivities Coordinator and Technical direc- the money allocated for the concert, but tor for "Bandfest '82", the failure of this only one student showed up. year's concert may signal the demise of Another major factor contributing to the major concert as a part of SAC's program. "The chances (of another concert the failure of "Bandfest '82", according to next year) are pretty slim," he told the Donohue, was time. The decision to go ahead with the concert wasn't made until anchor in an interview Monday. Donohue cited many problems with after students returned from spring having a concert sponsored by the Hope break, allowing only about three weeks College Student Activites Committee. for organizing and publicizing the event. First, said Donohue, the size of the Civic Donohue said that a general rule in conCenter limits the variety of performers certs of this sort is five to six weeks for that can be considered. "If we could seat preparation. To compensate for the short 10,000 people, we could have brought the . amount of planning time, SAC spent Police," he said. The Civic Center holds $2,000 on advertising, with a major poronly about 3,000. Donohue said that the tion of that going to radio WLAV for possibility of an outdoor concert was con- advertising and the use of its logo. SAC also learned the fallacies of polls in sidered, but the city's refusal to allow use of the municipal stadium for the concert its concert flop. Donohue said that SAC because of fear that it would destroy the decided to bring in rock bands because of turf, coupled with a city ordinance that the response to earlier polls. "We tried to prohibits amplified music outdoors after cater to people who listen to WLAV because we thought that that was the sta10 p.m., nixed that idea. Donohue said that plans for a major tion most people listened to," said concert began last fall with question- Donohue, "but a poll we conducted after naires that attempted to determine stu- we decided to do Bandfest '82 showed that dent's musical tastes and concert in- only about a third of Hope's students terest. After tastes were determined, SAC listen to it (WLAV) and that most looked into the possibilities of getting students listen to WGRD or WJFM." Even though the turnout was poor, "hundreds" of different performers. The student poll had shown that groups like Donohue said that the entertainment was Hall and Gates, Cheap Trick, and AC-DC good and that those in attendance enjoyed were most popular. SAC then tried to see the show. But when asked whether or not if they could get any of the top ten bands SAC would sponsor a similar event next year, Donohue said with a sigh, "I hope in the poll. They could not. Donohue said that when it became ap- not."

German Comedies Coming

Professor Strand's Advanced German Conversation class will be performing two one-act German comedies. The two comedies, directed by Dan Doornbos, will be performed in the DeWitt Cultural Center basement theater on Monday the 26th at 7:30 p.m. for the Hope CommuniMichael P. Doyle, professor of presented the CMA award at the college's ty, and on Tuesday the 27th at 1:00 p.m. chemistry at Hope College, has been honors convocation on April 29. This year marks the beginning of the for area high school german students. selected one of six recipients of this The first play, "Der Gast hat immer year's prestigious national chemistry second quarter century of the awards proRecht" (The Guest is always right) is teacher catalyst award by the Chemical gram. Five other national winners have about a young American couple in GerM a n u f a c t u r e r s A s s o c i a t i o n in been selected from universities, fouryear colleges, two-year colleges and high many. The husband insists ttKY sreahflnWashington, D.C. "Professor Doyle joins a distinguished schools throughout the country. Each winner receives a medal, citation group of chemical educators... People in the academe and industry value the and $1,500 cash prize. Teachers are cited for^their ability to recognition given by the CMA Award. The \ instill in students a continuing desire for teaching excellence and contributions to v V" chemical education made at Hope College science education. The latest recipients through educators of the caliber of Prof. bring to 136 the number of teachers Doyle are well known," said CMA presi- honored nationally since the program dent Robert A. Roland, who announced was established in 1957. (continued on p. 10) the award today (April 15). Doyle will be

Doyle Gets Catalyst Award

10 p.m. • SAC Him: "Hair," $1.50; DeWitt Theatr«.


ly German, even that a penalty be imposed for every English word-but the American couple keeps misusing German words and expressions and completely confuses everyone. The second play, "Der Hund im Hirn" (Dog on the Mind) is about a cunning professor who makes a fool of his young wife's ardent admirer by tricking him into believing the dog he was bitten by has rabies. The two plays can be enjoyed even if you do not understand German.

American Eight, p. 6-7 JJU

Review of the News Wmwm

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e Knickerbocker Fraternity held Its annual bottle and can collection on the slU f the old Knick house. Proceeds are going to Muscular Dystropy. {photo by Ton

Peace Piece To the Editor: Perhaps you've seen a peace button or two circulating around the Kletz or on campus. People wondering why I wear one have confronted me with questions ranging from "are you a sixties throwback, . . . a hippie?" to "are you antl-nuke?" My usual response is that my peace button symbolizes a dream that was popularized during the sixties and has yet to be achieved and In a large sense progressed upon. Thinking about this, I've come up with several ideas. What is peace? If we read anything, from the N Y. Times to letters in the anchor, it Is possible to come across several vehemently supported positions in answer to this question. Ban the Bomb! Limit the Arms Race, not the Human Race! El Salvador, the Second Vietnam! These are all movements that are considered "peace" movements. In each of these movements, "peace" as a whole has been bastardized. If arms are reduced, then peace will result. The focus is narrow. TTie problem is not really attacked. In addition to this tunnel vision view of peace is a great deal of bad press surrounding these movements. Here the propaganda (Information, if you wish) that is distributed on all sides of an issue is often generalized and over simplified. These tendencies, coupled with onesided information, create a simple picture, an ina( curate one, of one of the most complex problems facing manklng. An example of this type of writing can be seen in Dan Kutt's article on "Ground Zero Week" (Anchor, April 15,1982ed.). Hjs generalizations make the U.S. govu nment look like a bunch of neurotic nukers itching for war. (Too much generalizing?!) I seriously doubt that when V P. Bush says "You have a survivability of command control, survivability of industrial potential, protection of a percentage of your citizens . . . " that he is advocating nuclear war. What is evidenced is that there is, in the minds of our elected government, a recognition

of a threat to the U.S. that has enormous ramifications; none of them very good. In realizing there is a threat, it is an indication of a problem that lies deeper than Just nuclear weapons build-up. Ending his a r t i c l e Rutt d i s p l a y s a n o t h e r characteristic of activists of his stripe. He states "With friends like this who needs the Russians?" This type of rhetoric indicates a lack of willingness to compromise. Any attempt to understand another position is lost. This is especially distressing when it comes in reference to people who are supposed to be guarding our interests. Peace is much more than marching, writing articles, or wearing a button. Peace is people working and living together in understanding. In order to live this way, we must be willing to establish working relationships on this basis. This work begins here at home - problems of racism, poverty and hatred affect all of us. From our home, our campus, our town this idea must be perpetuated until it grows to incorporate the world. This involves relationships with neighbors, elected leaders and people of other nations. We must gather information from all the sides of an issue. This begins the process towards understanding someone else's point of view. Peace is people that's the goal we wish to preserve. In other words, let's treat the disease (misunderstanding with no chance of compromise), not the symptoms (such as military build-up, the draft, and nuclear power, etc.). This type of understanding takes a lot of work, but when you look at the alternative, I think it's worth it. These "peace" movements are important, however it is Important to not lose sight of peace in a complete sense. The issue of peace is highly complex. It all begins with us and how well we understand our neighbor.

Argentine President Leopoldo Gal tier! telephoned President Reagan, stressing that his nation desires a peaceful solution to the Falkland Islands crisis. Sec. of State Halg has been In the limelight as he shuttles back and forth from London, Buenos Aires, and Washington. Neither side is willing to back down at this point. With the April 25 deadline for Israeli withdrawal from the Sinai Peninsula nearing, problems still remain. Jewish extremists, many of whom are believed to be Americans, refuse to leave. Egypt, however, agreed to remove some of its troops in the region and to discuss ways to halt FLO arms movements through the Sinai, two points that the Israelis insisted on before completion of their withdrawal. Quebec Premiere Rene Levaaque led a march in Montreal calling for that Province^ separation from Canada. At the same time, Queen Elizabeth was in Ottawa formally proclaiming the new national constitution. "This marks the first chapter in our new history," Levasque

claimed as he kicked off what should be an Increased effort towards separation. Labor and managemer.l came together as American Motors Corp. and the United Auto Workers agreed to a new contract. Workers gave up $115 million worth of concessions for an interest-bearing "partnership" designed to assure workers of a future with the company. Meanwhile, workers at Chrysler are eyeing their first cost-of-living increase in 19 months when their contract expires in September. Chrysler will want to stall the pay raises still more, in hopes of reaching the black by the end of next year. A fire at a nuclear power station at Surry, Virginia released no "appreciable" amounts of radiation, according to a Nuclear Regulatory Commission spokesman. Officials said that the smoke that carried low levels of radiation into the atmosphere and the water contaminated in extinguishing the fire that ran into the James River did not pose any danger to the public.


Students Enjoy Trip by Mkhele Parker Twenty Hope students traveled to the "windy" city known as Chicago last Thursday for a day of learning as well as sightseeing. The Business Club sponsored the trip which Included tours of the Chicago Merchantlle Exchange and the Chicago Tribune. The Chicago Merchantile Exchange, which was founded in 1919 presently, accounts for one-fourth of all U.S. futures trading. The Exchange consists of trading in livestock futures (feeder cattle, live cattle, live hogs, pork bellies, broiler chickens, russet potatoes, shell eggs) and in financial futures (foreign currencies, gold, U.S. Treasury bills. U.S. Treasury notes and domestic certificates of deposit), two of the industry's most active areas. While some students were expecting to see an actual auction of livestock, the trading on the world's largest trading floor consisted of a mass of buyers and sellers who can buy

and sell as much as 10 million dollars worth of goods within a matter of seconds, without even signing a contract. "It was like a circus or a zoo as seen through the observatory deck. People get up at eight in the morning and yell and scream all day. It was very chaotic," said Julie Vandy Bogurt, an Economics major. Next, the group walked a distance of about 17 blocks north into the city to the Chicago Tribune, one of the largest metropolitan newspapers in the world. The tour led the group into the newsroom where the procedures of the writing, typing and photo editing were explained, which led them right into the production area where the paper is actually pasted together. The last area observed was the printing area, where the presses are constantly in use. The rest of the day was free for everyone to shop and sightsee as well as enjoy the excitement in the fast paced city of Chicago.

Sculptors Present Lecture Two artists whose sculptures are ineluded in the American Eight exhibition currently on campus will present a public lecture Friday, April 23 at 3:30 p.m. in Winants Auditorium in Graves Hall.


Presenting the lecture will be Frank McGuire, who is exhibiting a painted steel piece entitled "Bus Stop 11" and Lyman Kipp, who has a painted steel work entitled "Hugo."

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Sincerely your, Fred Ward

Pre-AAeds Hold Road Race by Jeff Crumbaugh Despite the chilly weather. 115 runners from all over western Michigan competed in the A.E.D. Spring Contention 10 kilometer road race held at Hope last Saturday morning. William Maat of Holland covered the course in 35:00 to capture first place in the first annual event. Heidi Winters of Hope College was the first female finisher with a time of 43:25. Wind and rain slowed the runners slightly, especially along Lake Macatawa between the first and second miles of the


course. There was much enthusiasm among all the finishers as they drank gatorade and talked after the race. Other Hope students running include Russel Garnett, 12th in 38:49, John Ratmeyer, 24th in 40:49, Randy Warren, 35th in 43:15, Greg Hondorp, 40th in 43:45, Kim Brown, 49th in 44:16, Rick Dernberger, 68th in 49:39, and Bruce Tanis and Marsha Moores won the male-female team category, followed by the team of Jeff Bradley and Rebecca Reld. The race was sponsored by Alpha Epsllon Delta, Hope's honorary pre-med society.


I H The brass quintet enjoys a little outdoor exposure, (photo bv Tom Wagner) • •

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7. Victorian Literature and the Crisis of 7:00-8:00 - Plenary Session IV - Wlchers 2. Religious Tensions in American Faith I: Poetry - chapel 14 Literature - Chapel 16 Auditorium. Jerome in Colonial New England: EdVictorian Trail Poems. Virgil and Dante A Coalescence of Light: The Religious 8:00-9:00 - Poet^s Corner - DeWitt Alley ward Taylor's Attitude Toward Pagan Thought of Robert Browning, 1850-1855. Literature. Conformity and Conflict In Mari SATURDAY, APRIL 24 For Largest Woman's Heart: Religious Tensions in Emily Dickenson's Fascicle Magno. 28. 9:00-10:30 - 14.Mythology And The 8.Christianity, Paganism, And The Im- Renaissance Tradition III: Milton Awareness of Light: Jewish-Christian Thought in Roth's "Conversion of the agination: Problems of the 20th-century chapel 12 Reader - chapel 16 Jews." Milton's Bout with the Classics. Insidious Grace: Secularity and ConNot Less But More Heroic: An Inter4:00-5; 30 - 3.Patrlstlcs: What Hath Athens temporary American Fiction. Textual Reading of Virgil's Aeneid and Christian Writers and Pagan Readers: Milton's Paradise Lost. To Do With Jerusalem? - Chapel 10 The Creation Myth: Two Approaches to The Poverty of the Secular Imagination. Milton and the Muses. Symbol in the Patristic Age. 9.Dante and Paganism - chapel 14 Ascent in Plotinus and St. Augustine. 15. Victorian Literature And The Crisis The Early Christian Critique of Greek Dante and the Virtuous Pagans. of Faith II: Prose - chapel 14 A Pagan Paradise: Dante's Use of the Science. The Sceptical Faith of Thomas Trajan Legend. Carlyle's Natural Supematurallsm. 4.Th€ Rise of Secularism In the EighVictorian Conversion And Deconver10.Mythology And The Renaissance sion: A Spiritual Palimpsest. teenth Century - chapel 14 Cowper's Task in the Light of Virgil's Tradition I: Spenser and Shakespeare G.K. Chesterton, The Disreputable chapel 16 Georgics. Victorian. Classical Vision and Christian RevelaHenry Fielding and the Secularization tion: Spenser's Use of Mythology in 11:00-12:30 - 16.Christianity and Native of the Sermon. Books I and II of the Fairie Queene. Joseph Addison: A Moral Voice in a American Culture - chapel 12 .% The Relationship Between Biblical and Secular Age. The European Aeneid: The Legend of Pagan Element in Shakespeare's As You Noah. 5.Christianity and Secularism In Like It. Seven Arrows: a Religious Dialectic in Princes to Act: Classic Aeneas, Chris- Red and White. Modern Literature I: The Artist In the tian Hal. Twentieth Century - chapel 16 Rudy Wlebe's 'Big Bear': Warrior The Fabulous 'Song' of Edwin Muir. Chief as Christlike Pagan. Yeats, Eliot, and the Christian Tradi- 3:30-5:00 - 11.Christianity And Classicism In European Fiction; City And Kingdom tion. 17. The Modern Rediscovery of Myth The Artist as Magician: Yeat, Joyce, chapel 12 chapel 14 Camus and the City of Man. and Tolkien. George MacDonald's Lilith: A Hebrew The City Of Troy And The Kingdom Of Myth Baptized. 7:30-8:30 • Plenary Session II Winants God In "The Brothers Karamazov. 'On the Mountainside': Elizabeth Auditorium Madox Roberts' Odyssey of Conversion. 12. Mythology And The Renaissance Virgil and the Heavenly Kingdom. The Mysteries of Eleusis at Howards Tradition II : Eros And Chastity - Chapel End. 14 Spenser's Faerie Queene and the FRIDAY, APRIL 23 18. Christianity And Secularism In Patristic Concept of Chastity. Modern Literature III: Contemporary The Iconology of Titian's Neoplatonic Fiction-Chapel 16 9:00-10:00 - Plenary Session III - Wlchers 'Sacred and Profane Love.' Auditorium Interpreting Walker Percy's "The SePagan Classicism and Christian 'A Natural! Paradise': Donne, Ovidian cond Coming": A Sentimental Parabolic Barbara Reynolds Sexuality, and the Language of Christian Eschatohgical Message-In-A -Bottle For Medievalism. THURSDAY, APRIL 22 Revelation. Modem Castaways, Or A Work of Art? 10:30-12:00 - 6.Christianity and Modern Christianity and Secularism In the 12:45-1:45 • Plenary Session I • Durfee 13.Pagan Culture And Its Significance Later Fiction of Margaret Drabble. Literature II: Continental Literature C a f e t e r i a For The Inklings - chapel 16 chapel 12 Christianity and Secularism In Patrick Ba'al and Adonal The Light that Grows Ever Brighter: White's Fiction. The Word as Would-Be Logos In JeanLewis and Tolkien on Classical Myths. Paul Sartre's Les Mots. 2:00-3:30 - 1.Classicism and Biblical C.S. Lewis and the Fox: Pagan Mann's Doctor Faustus: A Secular Literature - Chapel 14 Christ. Epistemology in a Christian World. The Tragic Vision in Mark's Gospel: A The Federal Republic of Germany and Comparison of Oedipus the King and The the Challenge of Radical Christianity: Gospel of Mark. Lulse Rinser and the Nation's Narrative Technique in the Aeneid and Conscience. Luke-Acts.

Chrlstianity and Pagan Culture, this year's midwest regional conference of the Conference on Christianity and Literature, will be held on Hope's Campus today through Saturday. Keynote speakers Include Barbara Reynolds, distinguished visiting professor of English (speaking on "Virgil and Dante"); David Jefrey, University of Ottawa, Canada ("Virgil and the Heavenly Kingdom"); Hope alumnus J. Coert Rylaarsdam, emeritus, University of Chicago ("Ba'al and Adonal"); and Leslie J. Workman, editor, Studies in Medievalism ("Pagan Classicism and Christian Medievalism"). In addition, eighteen sessions are scheduled, covering the Interchange between Christianity and paganism (In the broadest sense of the word) from the classical period to the present. The English department expects scholars from across the United States, Canada, and Japan. Students are Invited to take advantage of this gathering, and are free to attend any of the sessions.




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THURSDAY, APRIL 22 3:30 p.m. • Lettor-Rosumo Writing Workshop; the Alley. 8 p.m. • Opu» Forum XI: Snow Aud. FRIDAY, APRIL 23 7:30 and 10 p.m. - SAC film: "Hair," $1.50; Winants Aud. 8 p.m. • Hope College Concert Band Concert with. A r m a n d o Ghitalla, trumpeter and the College Chorus; Dimnent Chapel. 8 p.m. • Theatre production: "Under Milk Wood," $2 for Hope students, $4 general admission; DeWitt Theatre. 12:15 (midnight) • SAC film:'"Hair," $1.00; Winants Aud. SATURDAY, APmL24 7:30 p.m. • SAC film:- "Robin Hood," $1.00; Winants Aud. 8 p.m. • SAC presents "A Night With Jeff KrehbieT; Carnegie. 10 p.m. • SAC film: "Hair," $1.50;

Winants Aud. SUNDAY. APRIL 25 8:30 p.m. • Hope Cpllege Chapel Choir Concert; Dimnent Chapel. MONDAY, APRIL 26 3:30 p.m. - Career Planning Workshop; the Alley. TUESDAY, APRIL27 6:30 p.m. - Interviewing Skills Workshop; the Alley. 8 p.m. • Hope College Orchestra and Symphonette Concert, featuring winners of the concerto contest; Dimnent Chapel. WEDNESDAY. APRIL 28 8 p.m. - Theatre productlont "Under Milk Wood/' $2 for Hope students, $4 general admission; DeWitt Theatre. THURSDAY. APRIL 29 8 p.m. • Theatre production: "Under Milk Wood/' $2 for Hope students. $4 general admission; DeWitt Theatre.



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I Editorial Concerning Campus Government ^ g w cu o X

With today's election of next year's Student Congress officers, it's time to bring up a few concerns about the way Hope students are represented in our campus government system. Last fall, there was a shortage of candidates for Student Congress representatives, so everyone who turned in a petition with 25 student signatures was elected. It is certainly encouraging to see more interest for today's election, with two or three candidates for every position. Hopefully, this will promote more student Interest in the elections and a high voter turnout. This has to go down as a disappointing year for Student Congress. A book exchange was attempted and a late night study area initiated, but very litUe else was accomplished that amounted to anything. On the negative side, we saw a disturbing allocation of over $6,000 for the Carnegie renovation and the pigeon-holing of a media salary proposal, about which Student Congress has yet to make a decision. This can only make one wonder how responsive Student Congress was to student concerns. The apathy seemed to affect the members themselves; Student Congress came close to missing quorum requirements at many of their meetings this semester. Many of these problems are with structure rather than specific individuals. Emphasis seems to be on representation of dorms, and since more Juniors and seniors are moving off campus up^ perclassmen are under-represented. This is especially evident this year, when only a handful of Student Congress members had served before. It is also disappointing to have to make a decision on office candidates based only on who has the cutest flyer. We can see names in big letters, a few past experiences, and even a slogan that communication is one candidate's theme. Another slogan appears in this week s classifieds. Unless we know some of these candidates personally, however, we have no idea what kind of officers any of these people will make. Experiences and slogans sound nice but they do not tell us what these candidates will do if elected. These elections really are little more than a random drawing, with our $30 activity fee and the quality of our student government at stake. We hope our soon-to-be-elected Student Congress officers will consider these concerns during their terms of office. More equitable representation of upperclassmen and more constructive election campaigns could improve the quality of Student Congress, and would make a good first step as a new school year begins.

Last Words About Pledging? To the Editor: Once again it seems to be the Greeks' turn to fire with further arguments and answers in order to keep this war about a more construcUve or objecUve pledging going. Instead, I want to propose a peace treaty between both sides, because I think that this could be an endless discussion that will lead to no concrete solution anyway. It is interesting and surprising to me that all criticism and ideas of improvement are brought be independents. Please consider this as a fact and not as an attempt to Insult or lower the majority of Hope's students. Furthermore, I believe that good criticism requires certain knowledge about the subject to make It productive. In short, I don't think independents should criticize pledging if they hardly know what's going on and why. Some of you might have considered the possibility of joining a fraternity but felt uncomfortable with the idea of having to go through pledging. You might have also

wondered whether becoming an active is worth the time you spent and the effort you make during pledging. If that is the care, please take the time to talk to one or more actives. This would probably answer at least some basic questions and maybe give you a better general impression. Remember that pledging consists of many events in an attempt to attain various goals, which can only be reached through the secrecy of their purpose, even for the pledge class during those events. What makes me wonder is that if you haven't even considered the alternative of Joining a fraternity or ''never needed to be in one," why do you worry so much about4 'improving pledging?'' I myself and almost all of the people I asked considered pledging as such an experience worth to go through. Every pledge knows by the first day how hard pledging will be . . . going through it is their own decision. Carl Bomhorst

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Picasso Would Hove Cringed ^Editor:


*, led me to produce very little art work as


the senior arfrnainp f ' 0f l a t e - 1 h a v e e v e n ^ approached by 0 n e of m y 6880 wlt reauired to h^vp I hmm P™* ™ h the question: 0 want S TO™ 5 ™ ? ^ J " D o y™ to be an art major theirl^fourvmt*afii ^ T anymore?" While Interning with profestneiriaBtfoiu'yearsatBopelnBiKhavvay sional artists in Philadelohla last that all those who appreciate art (fellow semester my drive was great and so was artiste stiidents, faculty or townspeople) the amount, and quality, of art I producC e 1 0 e n J o y 11 11118 i s 311 ? 3 ed Now it has dwindled excellent opportunity for people to see a great injustice has been done to the what has gone on at Rusk for the past few art majors at Hope in the past few years a t l i n e whe n . °" r Perhaps it's because we were too small a society Is becoming more open minded group to worry about Or becausp wp about art and taking a sincere interest in didn't voice our opinions. Either way the ?

e n 1 was a sophomore I took my first

f 1 6 e n l 0 y m e n ! ^ P 001 fch168 a n t l Ping-pong tables lost ana inspiration I got from several They always say that cultural and recreasulpture and painting exhibits by students tlonal thinog are the first to en whpn

s n s Tzr r r ™ s - bemfl.?* d S Ld l












aalte to fire could the administr a « v e offices have relocated in the

minjstrative offices. What once gave me J e S l S f a l o r "" " the only inspiration to become the art maNext year the new DpPfpp Art r^nt ^ r that 1 am now has vanished, I dream- and G a ^ ^ 1 1 o ^ O n c e a g ^ S S , t - S

Se^7ai n ofa 0 .:a!5f e ?




get the respe^Uhey deserve^

to "those L ^ o / l t T S a t T ^ l " desttaation i s n . s U e dusty attic c o r n ^

it had to. There the work which art students labored and sweated over were subject to theft (which happened) and destruction (which also happened) due to the fact that guards did not protect this area, unlike the DeWitt Gallery. What kind of inspiration is that for future artists? Very little. And where did all those shows from outside artists go? Somewhere where they could get some respect I suppose. Now there is another place which pretends to be a gallery: the DeWitt basement. Dozens of paintings are presently jammed in a single corridor so close to each other that they resemble cars in a used car lot. These paintings are also unguarded "at no risk to the col lege." Now for the senior shows. They are being held in Van Zoeren this year. Three artists each week for the next three weeks will attempt to Jam four years of work into the very limited, poorly lighted, and unguarded wall and floor space there I suspect each student will be able to hang four pieces on the wall! And that's "only if the already existing nails coincide with where you want to hang you work." Is this any king of Inspiration for future artists? Is this any kind of respect for present artists? No. Today's art majors are In limbo. This feeling has reduced my drive and





Publkh«d w«*kly S«pt*mb#r through April •xc#pt during •xam periods and coll«g« vocation and holiday poHodt, 24 ittuot por yoar, by and for tho ttudonti of Hopo Collogo, Holland, Michigan, undor tho authority of tho Studont Communicationi Modia Committoo. Portia! funding from tho ttudont activity foo through Studont Cong row. Subscription prico: W pof yoar. Mombor, Attociatod Collogiato Prow. Offico located on lowor lovol of tho DoWitt Studont Contor, Tolophono 394 6577. Tbo opinions on this pago aro not nocossarily thoso of tho studont body, faculty, or administration of Hopo Collogo. Editor

Nows Editor ^•oturos Editor PHoto Editor Asst. Photo Editor Sports Editor Layout Editors Copy Editor •utlnossManogor Typists A^vortislng Manogor Advortlslng Layout

Poto Fllnkor Timothy Shoffar Randy Durband Tom Wagnor Karl Eltlngo EvaOoan Bonnlo Corson Micholo Parkor Chris Van Eyl Tod loiomo Ponny Moints Randy Warron Pom Kyros

Sjjeood (Iom portag* paid at Holland, Ml, ^423. POSTMASTER: Mnd oddrw. chans*. to Hop# Collag* anchor, Hop* College, Holland,



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F acuity F orum— Government Involvement

What's To Be Done?

Our Final Days


amounts of liquor sold express strong deby Robert Elder Let us look at the free market model. It mand the tail is wagging the dog. I.e., learned them? Probably not. Are last by Timothy Shaffer Is essentially based on three assump- many individuals are being sacrificed to semester finals an accurate reflection of Ever since I was accepted to law school tions: 1) A situation, or more realistically the market, not benefitting from it in late February, I've struggled with a a student's performance for the (several million alcoholics in the United a set of simultaneous situations, where semester? Or even of hls-her academic g rapidly crescendoing case of senlorltls. discrete individuals enter into contracts States alone). After three and a half years of hard work, career? For many, perhaps, but most r It is not only the subjective nonrational based on mutual self-interest. 2) Choice is I finally reached my Initial goal and sud- seniors are either too busy thinking about free. Self-interest is a dominant motive. behavior of empirical individuals which denly the rest of the semester seemed less grad. school or marriage plans or finding Reason is the way self-interest cbmes to necessitates government involvement. It important. I've always believed that the a job to be able to concentrate adequately be perceived and acted on. 3) Govern- is often the case that men are prevented reason I was In college was to get an on preparation for final exams. Will they ment is seen as an entity primarily con- from making rational decisions by lack of education; my social life has always even induce seniors to study hard so that cerned that such contracts when entered sufficient information. How does one taken a back seat to my academics they absorb new ideas? To some degree, know that the milk on the store shelf will into should be honored. , (which didn't always please my yes, but by senior year, most students The result of minimal government in- turn sour within 24 hours unless it is girlfriend). But the night I was accepted "know" the profs and know their testing volvement and untrammled, rationally known how long it has already sat? How to law school, as I was sitting at Sklles methods, and also know how to take their can you find this out In a major food store self-interested choice will be that a macelebrating, I realized how many friends tests. So finals for most seniors become jority will get what they really wanted without vast Inconvenience? How do you I had make at Hope and how soon I would simply an exercise In memorlzatlonand agreed to receive. The best producers assure the result of Insuring labeling be going my way and they would be going regurgltatlon. of what this majority wants will get the without a law? To say that if it is sour you I would like to suggest, and I'm sure it's thelr's. I suddenly wanted to spend time most contracts (most profit). By allowing can bring it back or shop somewhere else been suggested before, that professors with them, to cherish the discussions, high quality workmanship at the most ef- next time is to make three very Important give an option to graduating seniors: take arguments, and the fun times we'd had. assumptions: 1) That the mistake will ficient price to triumph in a struggle for I still feel that need very strongly, and the final and take the chance of Improvsales the market is doing with limited always Involve items which are no more as I face the last two weeks of class and ing or reducing your grade, or accept government intervention what is in the dangerous than sour milk. 2) That the the ensuing exams, I often wonder If those your current grade and be excused from source of illness or death can always be best interest of the majority of discrete final exams will serve any tremendously taking finals. Not only would this easily discovered and the blame individuals and society. concrete purpose for graduating seniors. alleviate a lot of student anxiety and There exist, however, fallacies and in- allocated. 3) That you have an alternative Will they Impart some Invaluable allow them to spend a little more time tervening variables which necessitate a store to buy from In the aftermath of this knowledge that the Individual missed with friends In the waning days of their more sympathetic attitude toward experience. over the last four years? Will they teach a college years, but it would tremendously Government plays a preventive role in government Involvement. What follows is student the Important skills of reading lighten the faculty workload. It seems to a listing and brief discussion of such con- regard to canning requirements which and thinking clearly and writing and com- me a proposal acceptable to both students protect and labeling regulations which incerns. municating clearly If he or she hasn't and faculty alike. One is the assumption of rationality in form the buyer preventing 1 and 2 from the human decision-making process. It is happening too frequently. The market essential to make a distinction at the may prevent future occurances of fatality outset between real and perceived self in- by driving a poor canner out of business Really, what Is most incredible to me is To the Editor : terest. One need only read some of Sig- but it will not bring the dead back to life. that everyone feels so obligated to comHey, Jeff Muldermanl My, but there mund Freud to realize that numerous ment "I like this one" or "I don't like that sure are a lot of "awkward and unbalancIn addition, what happens if point 3, the decisions made by discrete individuals one." Who cares? It really wasn't the ed" pieces of sculpture popping up all are not based on actual but rather on lack of an alternative is also true? The point. over campus, marlng our "tastefully perceived self-interest. Workaholics, for company store is an excellent example. Sincerely, landscaped" greenery. And did you example, push themselves beyond their Here poor workers had little choice due to Jeff Krehblel notice the paint-Jobs? Why, a couple are limits and die at 35. (IBM Executives lack of mobility and low wages. They even rusty! retire at 55 and receive an average of 18 lacked easy access to an alternative. monthly checks.) This may benefit the Coercion by the company made the situaNEED EDUCATIONAL market but not the individual's real self- tion no easier. A little old lady with ASSISTANCE UP TO interest. His behaviors may have been limited resources who is arthritic and perceived as being in his self-interest. lives in a run down section of the city $4000°° or $2000°° The past, buried in the unconscious where one poorly run, high priced store CASH BONUS? recesses of the human mind, creates exists is another case in point. Governmany strongly driven non-rationally ment codes hopefully create a safer situaCoocemed about Pregnancy? C O N T A C T THE tion food-wise for the workers and little motivated individuals. Confidtrtiol old ladies without putting either store out MICHIGAN NATIONAL Ask for Start* Another problem is that the market of business. GUARD FOR FURTHER Misinformation and non-rational adverdoes not always clearly show the inINFORMATION CALL dividual what is the best choice available. tising techniques may both be sufficient Man's inherent inability to diagnose what reason for government involvement. It is 392-9081 or 392-5887. i is in his own interest may be passed over true that costs and benefits must be with the idea that market theory never calculated but if the welfare model's claims to relate to more than perceived assumption is that welfare for a majority self-interest. But perceived and rational of individuals occurs on the basis of are often two different things and if this rational self-interested choice, manipulatheory lays claim to benefitting discrete tion of choice, manipulation of choice individuals, a market which pays no at- through misinformation or subliminal tention to this distinction is not being true advertising cannot be condoned. Misin^ K | Z Z A J , L P A R U > R to its claims in behalf of individuals. This formation by large companies is rarely is why government intervenes to tell li- corrected by their competitors unless it Is 934 S. WASHINGTON, quor suppliers at bars or stores that they in their Interest to correct It. And, If all HOLLAND may not sell more to someone who Is a are Involved in misleading the consumer, known alcoholic or visibly drunk or tells there is a mutual interest in silence. people that they may not be drunk and Subliminal advertising causes choices to Monday thru (continued^ p. 10) drive. If all that matters Is that aggregate

From An Art Lover

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23 E. 8th Holland

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American Eight Kegon II by Linda Howard 1980 U'hxS' 1x6' w Made of brushed aluminum

o o c: CTJ W o u J —)

L i n d a H o w a r d ' s vision is an i n t i m a t e one within t h e r e a l m of l a r g e - s c a l e m e t a l s c u l p t u r e . M a k i n g r e f e r e n c e to d o o r w a y s o r . p a v i l l i o n s . s t r u c t u r e s t h r o u g h which one p a s s e s e i t h e r s p i r i t u a l l y or p h y s i c a l ly. h e r p i e c e s p r o j e c t a c o n t e m p l a t i v e q u a l i t y . T h e y a r e u n e m o t i o n a l , y e t personal T h e idea of t h r e s h o l d s o m e h o w im-


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p a r t s a s e r e n e o p t i m i s m to t h e s c u l p t u r e . H o w a r d e x e r c i s e s h e r skill in b r u s h e d aluminum. Her proportions a r e exacting within the r e p e t i t i v e motif of e v e n l y spaced b a r s . H o w e v e r , t h e t r u l y e l u s i v e quality of the work d e r i v e s f r o m light, w h i c h is r e f l e c t e d off t h e s u r f a c e of t h e p i e c e and which passes between the bars, creating s h a d o w s a n d v a r i o u s m o i r e p a t t e r n s . In sunlight, the p i e c e s s h i m m e r and c h a n g e continually with v a r i a t i o n in t h e d i r e c t i o n and intensity of the light s o u r c e .

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Miss Plutonium by Jerry Peart 1981 10' h x 15' 1 x 10' w Made of painted aluminum • J e r r y P e a r t s p e c i a l i z e s in e x u b e r a n t , c u r v i l i n e a r f o r m s a c c e n t u a t e d by vivid, high-gloss colors.

Bus Stop II by Frank McGuire From the collection of Martin Z. Mar guiles 1980 14' h x 23' 1 x 17'6" w Made of painted steel (blue)

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Photos by Tom Wagner


With e a c h of his s c u l p t u r e s . F r a n k M c G u i r e c r e a t e s a s t a g e - s e t in steel. A piece is " c o m p l e t e d " when a v i e w e r exa m i n e s it or a c t u a l l y e n t e r s and i n t e r a c t s with it: for e x a m p l e , c l i m b s the l a d d e r . T h e s c u l p t u r e is continually t r a n s f o r m e d

His v o c a b u l a r y of s h a p e s a n d t h e i r juxtaposition is totally u n p r e d i c t a b l e . E a c h s h a p e g a i n s vitality by its color and e a c h color is d e f i n e d by the s h a p e it c o v e r s . While P e a r t ' s s t y l e is u n m i s t a k a b l e , e a c h w e l d e d a l u m i n u m p i e c e is r e s o l v e d with a d i f f e r e n t set of o r g a n i c u n d u l a t i o n s in his unabashedly playful and h u m o r o u s sculptures.

by w h a t e v e r a c t i o n is t a k e n by the aud i e n c e . w h e t h e r it is one p e r s o n or a g r o u p . And for the a u d i e n c e , t h e r e is a h e i g h t e n e d s e n s e of s e l f - a w a r e n e s s and an o p p o r t u n i t y to p l a y . Since M c G u i r e ' s w o r k i n h e r e n t l y .... implies a p e r f o r m a n c e is f o r t h c o m i n g , it is s u r p r i s i n g l y n o n - s t a t i c . T h e s c u l p t u r e is s u r r o u n d e d by a f e e l i n g of a n t i c i p a t i o n . It o f f e r s a new and i n t e r e s t i n g h y b r i d of the c o n c e p t u a l and the a c t u a l in m e t a l sculpture

Layout by Tom Wagner and Karl Elzinga

Gorky's Pillow by Mark dl Suvero 1980 15' h x 23' 1 x 9'7" w Made of steel One of the m o s t highly a c c l a i m e d s c u l p t o r s of his t i m e , di S u v e r o w a s actually b o r n in S h a n g h a i . A r e m a r k a b l e spirit and p h y s i c a l d e t e r m i n a t i o n a r e personal q u a l i t i e s t h a t m a n i f e s t t h e m s e l v e s powerfully in his w o r k Di S u v e r o ' s l a r g e , linear s c u l p t u r e s , g e n e r a l l y c o m p r i s e d of steel g i r d e r s and other i n d u s t r i a l d i s c a r d s , h a v e a g r a c e and e l e g a n c e w h i c h deny the origin of their p a r t s T h e a r t i s t r a r e l y w o r k s f r o m models, p r e f e r r i n g to c o m p o s e t h e p i e c e s intuitively and s p o n t a n e o u s l y with c r a n e and welding m a t e r i a l s . C a n t i l e v e r e d or s u s p e n d e d and m o v e a b l e p a r t s a r e o f t e n i n c o r p o r a t e d into a piece Di S u v e r o e n j o y s a u d i e n c e p a r t i c i p a tion with his w o r k He m a y i n t r o d u c e a r u b b e r tire a s a f o r m a l c o m p o s t i t i o n a l e l e m e n t in a p i e c e , but he is v e r y m u c h a w a r e that it also f u n c t i o n s a s a c h i l d r e n ' s s w i n g T h i s a t t i t u d e is p a r t of di S u v e r o ' s e b u l l i e n c e , his gusto for living. and the f a c t that he is not m a k i n g m o n u m e n t s , hut r a t h e r s c u l p t u r e for people




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Bette Davis Eyes by John Henry 1981 6' h x 60' I x 18' w Made of Corten Steel John H e n r y ' s w o r k is d i r e c t and powerful on a m o n u m e n t a l scale. G r a p p l i n g with h e a v y r e c t a n g u l a r e l e m e n t s , his virtuosity lies in v i s u a l l y d e n y i n g the weight of those m a t e r i a l s . He is a d e p t at m a k i n g his s c u l p t u r e a p p e a r light and fluid One way he a c h i e v e s this is by u s i n g the c o r n e r s of the g i r d e r s , r a t h e r t h a n t h e edges, to propel t h e p i e c e s u p w a r d f r o m the g r o u n d T h i s t e c h n i q u e a n i m a t e s and e n e r g i z e s the f o r m s . Henry f u r t h e r c o n t r o l s the mood of the work t h r o u g h his u s e of color. Substantial industrial experience has equipped H e n r y with the skills to f a b r i c a t e his own pieces. His work is consistently p r e c i s e and m e t i c u l o u s l y c r a f t e d , w h e t h e r he is c o n s t r u c t i n g a l a r g e o u t d o o r w o r k or a p o l i s h e d a l u m i n u m t a b l e piece.







Recitals Announced Two Hope seniors wiU share the stage this Saturday evening in a music recital at Dimnent Chapel at 8 p.m. Soprano Nancy MacArthur, from Grand Blanc, Michigan, and Harpist Mary Soeter, from

Green Bay, Wisconsin, will present individual performances of pieces by Bach, Handel, Schubert, Verdi, and others, and will also combine their talents on two short pieces.


ilmSi Nancy MacArthur

Mary Soeter

COULD YOU USE '2,000.00 Your good background In moth could really pay off as a qualifying factor In our organization's Nuclear program. High school graduates age 17-23 are encouraged to apply. A college degree is not essential. You will be trained to work on some of the most sophisticated Nuclear equipment known to man and you'll receive a cash bonus upon completion of the program — $2,000.00 guaranteed job placement and job security after completion of training. All positions Include 30 days paid annual vacation and free medical/dental care. Call toll free 1 -800-482-5144.

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Nancy MacArthur Is an English major and a Flrench minor and is currently studying with professor Joyce Morrison. She is the recipient of the Freshman Music Scholarship and the Robert Cavanaugh Award and has won a Second Place in NATS competition. Her program includes French songs by Massenet, Faure, Du Pare, Poulenc, and Offenbach; a German song by Schubert; English pieces by Barber, Rorem, Plnkham, and Rlckard; and an Italian aria by Verdi. Mary Soeter is a biology major and a music minor who is currently studying with Danis Kelly of the Milwaukee Symphony. She has also studied with Alice Chalifoux at the Cleveland Institute of Music and the Saiyedo Harp School in Camden, Maine. Her program includes Bach's Siclllano, and The Harmonious Blacksmith, and Children's Hour Suite by Grandjany. On the two combined pieces, the performers will be accompanied by Susan Mason and Thomas Barthel on piano and Laura Warnaar on the French Horn.

Opus Forum J

Features Poets HASH, the last of this year's Opus forums, will be presented tonight at 8 p.m. In the lobby of Voorhees Hall. Featured are Tim Shaffer, Nancy Taylor, and students whose work was published in the Spring Opus Magazine. The Instrumental Collegium will also perform, no doubt becoming instrumental to the enjoyment of those present. The event will mark the publication of the Opus Magazine, and announcement of the Eerdman's awardwinners. The cash prize is given to the authors of the best prose and poetry published in the fall or spring edition of Opus Magazine. HASH, you may not be able to eat it, but it's sure to be a palatable potpourri of prose and poetry.

Food forThought enough for us to send his Son to die, the least we can do for Him is to give up our lives In humble service. Jack Nelson has called the hunger crisis a symptom of our crisis of faith. We express an outward concern for the hungry but are not really Interested in investigating the root causes of hunger. Hunger Is a consequence of social injustice. Most Christians, unfortunately, don't regard Justice as central to their faith. They have equated criticism of the U.S.A. with criticism of God. Because Justice Is seen as peripheral, the church unconsciously reflects the dominant values of society Instead of the dominant values of scripture. , ' Christians, as Dr. Boulton reminded us on Sunday, need to remember the words of Matt. 28:18, 44All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me." We owe our loyalty to Christ alone, above all others. We must not be afraid to take a stand for Christ, even If It means questioning and-or disobeying the government of our nation. Ever wish that while traveling, I am not advocating anarchy, but vacationing, or maybe just for emer- rather a concerned and thoughtful congencies, you could have a national! sideration of the issues which includes the Christian perspective. The Church needs credit card? help Its members become the new Well, now-YOU CAN-obtain a to creatures they are called to become. The MasterCard or VISA while still in Church needs to help turn our lives and school, no co-signer required. our world upside down with the power of We have established a division God's love for all peoples. The Church to exclusively handle the credit must be willing to be controversial and needs of college students...fresh- take the side of the poor and the oppressman, sophomores. Juniors, and sen- ed. We are so comfortable in our coniors... so you can eqjoy the formity that we have forgotten what it conveniences of credit NOW, and means to suffer for our faith jmd as a have your credit established for result, it Is our faith that has suffered.

by Rowland D. Van Es, Jr. Too often, the American Church has only stressed what we receive from being a Christian and not what we must give. The gift of grace Is indeed good news, but It is Important to remember that there is no grace without the cross. Christianity, in order to win converts, has overemphasized the forgiveness of sins and has neglected the principle that Mfalth without works is dead." If God cared


your professional life; and after graduation. On a 3x5 card, print your name and complete address. (Enclose .00 for postage and handling Send to: Creative Credit International Collegiate Credit Division Suite 303 - Penn Lincoln Bklg. 789 Penn Avenue Pittsburgh, Pa. 15221

On behalf of the Hope College World Hunger Committee, I would like to use this opportunity to thank the many Hope students who participated In the CROP Walk held last Saturday. It was encouraging to see over 500 people brave a cold, wet, and windy day to walk for the hungry. It was especially encouraging to see so many families demonstrating their concern In this manner. I would also like to thank the many students who didn't walk but participated by sponsoring those of us who did. We are going to need everyone's help in the years to come to solve what is perhaps the world's greatest tragedy-the problem of world hunger.

The Hope College Chapel Choir under the direction of Roger Rletberg will be giving Its home concert on Sunday, April 26th at 8:30 p.m. In Dimnent Chapel. Admission is free. Included In the concert will be those works done by the choir during their recent tour, when they took off for the east coast. Among these are two pieces taken from the oratorio "King David," which the choir and symphonette performed last November.


NOW OPEN FRIDAYS! Friday April 16— 2nd Item FREE!

The home concert will be the last concert for the seniors in the choir, including Julia Huttar, Karen Kennedy, Nancy MacArthur, Mary Soeter, Marilyn VanHouten, Norene Walters, Deb Webster Doug Braschler, Harv Koedyker, Joel Martlnus, Bryan Ueker! Joy Dean, Sharon McKee, Kay Neevel, Bob Decker, Keven Kranendonk, Jeff Krehblel, and Dan Rink.

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(continued from p. 5)





be made which are neither free nor intelligently conceived. Here government regulations have attempted to affirm the right to free, rational, individual choice rather than cripple it-another attempt to keep the tail from wagging the dog. Another point at which the idea of society based on freely entered into contracts breaks down is where we go beyond a certain size or scale of relationships. Your visit to his store, your satisfaction and speedy return is important to the small businessman. It is in his self-interest to serve you well. This argument not only becomes more questionable outside a small scale setting, but also the process of gaining efficient redress of your grievances becomes more difficult. The scale and nature of the large corporation gives it motives of a different nature. It is no easy matter for either individual workers or consumers to get firms as large as Chrysler to live up to their commitments. Their managerial group has no essential loyalty to the product; worker or consumer can leave the corporation at will. Their stock holders want dividends in a good or bad year. If they don't get them, they may sell out. The government here may be an intervener for large aggregates of individuals, consumers or stockholders in gaining redress for 100,000 individuals faster and more efficiently than each could do for himself. For example, because it can muster the information and clout necessary to initiate the recall of several thousand cars for safety defects, the government is a more appropriate actor than 100,000 discrete car owners. Another dimension of the problem of size is the international component of modern commercial competition. The free market works in a situation where all people follow it and when no major unforeseen dislocations occur. But in a situation such as exists today where our competitors have strong cooperative


relations between government and ed societal stability to the point that laws were passed at the request of the business (1 have Japan in mind) the adversary relationship theoretically pre- monarch to slow the process down. Many sent between American government and laws are on the books in American society today to buffer the plight of losers in a business, may eventually pave the way system where goods are distributed inefor the demise of our economic system. Qovemment regulation and worker pro- quitably. An argument for government ductivity declines, unionization, and dear involvement here is to preserve stability credit are some, but not the only reasons in an atmosphere where unequal distribufor the currently uncompetative position tion of goods is Justified as the most effiof American industry vis-a-vis its cient way for the market to continue functioning. Losers will not allow the game to Japanese counterparts. The free market also assumes that the continue being played unless they are community interest will emerge through taken care of. The private sector has been supply of the short term needs of a ma- unwilling thus far to take responsibility for losers. Government, for example, will jority of economic voters. This is simply not the case. Self-interested people, as help relocate steel workers when they vote politically or economically, Youngstown's plants close down in the inhave demonstrated a woefully short- terest of social stability. In this case insighted view in regard to community in- tervention plays a necessary stabilizing role. terests. Some resources are not This argument is totally functional and renewable and a whole generation of consumers which didn't exist prior to WWII makes no claim to inequity being intrinis now paying the cost passed on to them sically evil in and of itself. Many, by an earlier majority who either lacked however, have argued that it is, and that information to understand the long range happiness is difficult to come by when it is implications of their actions or defined in material terms and you have understood such implications, and behav- no resources with which to purchase it. ed accordingly. An argument can be Such arguments state that inequity is a made for the long term protection of com- sufficient reason for government inmunity interests by some group capable tervention. Government has an obligation of organizing and planning in regard to to redress such inequities through taxing the rich and rechanneling resources to such future interests. Technical specialists isolated from the winds of the less fortunate. Another argument against the solely political and economic voters may be the free market is the need for organizations most appropriate vehicle for this purwhich explore alternatives or encourage pose. research in areas where there is currentWhich leads me to ask the question ly Insufficient incentive for the private "What are the goals of society? Are they sector. This should be done precisely in individual happiness for a majority? If order to avoid situations where market one accepts majority happiness as a goal, adjustments, although taking place, are is personal security requisite to hap- painful to large segments of the compiness? Historicaly, actions on the part of munity. More solar research and fusion individual entrepreneurs have been very research may have provided needed indestablizing. Enclosures of land in sights for a smooth transition from oil, England by landowners were made in had such research been started long their own self-interest but they threaten- enough ago. What we are arguing for here is the necessity for Joint risk taking in the community Interest with the cost divided between the public sector prior to the period when there is sufficient economic incentive for the free market to pursue it alone.

Implicit in the welfare economics free market model is that one thing is no better that another and society should be structured so as to allow majorities of buyers to achieve whatever turns them on in the cheapest way possible. Jeremy Bentham expressed the business liberal credo when he suggested that there was no qualitative difference that could be claimed between playing a slot machine and going to the theatre. The market is certainly value free. It is totally hedonistic. It seems that higher values, and John Mill said mature adults know them when they see them, need protection from ignorant majorities of economic consumers. The National Endowment for the Arts assures that the arts will survive despite the lack of demand by a majority of consumers. Which leads to a point that is implicit in several of the arguments given above. The free market works for majorities of consumers, it does not always work In the Interest of minorities. Although it is hard for us to step out of our majoritarian acculturation, we do need to ask such questions as, l4What about quantitative minorities," and,*'Does a mass market culture in fact move us toward homogenization as opposed to encouraging diversity." Government exists to make available alternatives which would not otherwise be available. Even the most famous of contemporary free market (welfare) theorists Milton Friedman concedes that there are occasions, natural monopoly based on scale (Consumers Power), Externalities (Sewage on my property floats down river to yours or smoke from your stack blows into my town), and neighborhood effects (Penthouse owners overlooking private parks-free as opposed to "easy " riders), when government involvement may be a necessary alternative. Clearly then the case for government involvement is overwhelming. The real quesilon is then not whether government should intervene but in what manner this Intervention should be made and at how much cost to other values. For example, the Soviets have pretty effectively solved the problem of inflation. Thejrsimply don't allow certain prices to rise. Government subsidy pays the difference between the cost asked of the consumer and the real cost. The price paid for this security seems to be a less efficient economic system and a carry-over Into the poitical system of serious deprivations in regard to freedom.



GRAND RAPIDS JUNIOR COLLEGE (continued from p.1)

Research The program is believed to be the only

SEND *0' catalog and mail apoitcation f o ' day and evening tetnont You can register bv mail until April 29. Vou W t v l i e d for your t u i t i o n WRITE

Director of Summer Setnon Grand Raptds Junior CoHego 143 B o j t w i c k , N.E. Grand Raptdt. Michigan 49503

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(616) 466 4891 - Day d t t s e j (6161 456-4916 - Evening classes

(! ii

national chemistry award honoring high school, two-year and four-year college teachers with identical awards. Doyle, 39, Joined the Hope faculty in 1968. He was chairman of the chemistry department from 1976-1979. He has authored or co-authored over 50 articles on various facets of organic chemistry research and is the co-author of Organic Chemistry, a one-year introductory textbook published by John Wiley and Sons in 1977. He has also co-authored several study guides and manuals to use with that textbook. Doyle is an associate member of the UIPAC Commission on Physical Organic Chemistry, and serves as president and newsletter editor for the Council on Undergraduate Research. In 1977 he was an observer for the IUPAC Assembly in Warsaw, Poland, as a National Research Council selection. He held the prestigious Henry and Camille Dreyfus Foundation Teacher-Scholar Award from 1973-78. He is a graduate of the College of St. Thomas in St. Paul, Minn. He holds the Ph.D. from Iowa State University and has done postdoctoral study at the University of Chicago. He and his wife Jan have two

(North Central Accreditation) A complete range of Ltberal Arts and Business courses Many Technical area offerings. Classes run 3. 4, or 5 mornings for seven weeKs. June 14 to July 30. Evening classes run t w o nights per week. Guest appl»cat»ons welcomed.


{ ft <

COST: Grand Raptds residents Michigan residents outside Grand Rapids; Out of State residents;

$24.00 per credit hour $40.00 per credit hour $60.00 per credit hour


I *

Please send me summer session information:


Name. Address. Your School. City





However many problems there are with the market, it is a powerful mechanism. Paying no attentionio the costs of certain activities vls-a-vls benefits, ignoring the effect of profit disincentives of productivity or creating a product without the presence of a need or the simultaneous creation of a need can have devastation results in a Capitalist economy. Thus, two questions become of paramount importance when one considers additional government Intervention. 1. Do the costs (and this includes difficult to quantity costs) outweigh the beniflts (and this Includes difficult to quantify benlfits). 2. Is the method used the most optimal in terms of maintaining or increasing productivity and profit incentives In a capitalist economy. . One may argue that such a system Is terribly insufficient, incapable of maximizing the type of values which should be Important to us all and should be overthrown or in some way drastically reordered at the first possible opportunity. That, however, must remain a separate issue to be argued at another time. I have made my argument on the basis of what Is and not on what ought to be and on those grounds I feel that at this





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Men's Track Prepares to Challenge For The Top by Steve Underwood Slowly the pieces are coming together-or so hopes Coach Brewer and the Hope men's track team. All eyes are on April 27 when defending MIAA champ Albion Invades Holland. Yet they cannot ignore the Flying Scots of Almaf who will host the Dutch this Saturday; and of course, the meet at Calvin May I and the MIAA's the

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following weekend at Van Raalte. To the casual observer, It did too. The 43.75 clocking. Coke (11.24 sec.) led a 1,2,3 But next Tuesday's matchup with the Comets took nearly half of the first finish (Kessel, 2nd; Hop, 3rd) In the 100 Britons is the key, and, except for41 few places-B of 18~but Hope dominated the meter; Cameron (23.01) and Kessel beat nagging Injuries, most motably to 2nd and 3rd places to romp to a 103^-4% the Bulldogs best In the 200. Things didnt welghtman Bill Mauren, the Dutch are win in the wind, rain and pold. Looking at go quite as well vs. the Comets. getting their act together pretty well. On the events individually... their sun-baked home turf Wednesday, HIGH JUMP - Little competition In this LONG SPRINTS - the trio of Curt April 14, the Dutch ripped Adrian 120-34. event so far for the Dutch. Chris Fleming Shosten, Kurt DeVette, and Mark Whiting Last Saturday's trip to Olivet looked and Todd Nisbet have traded victories at have done well: none of them clocking much tougher on paper. the BT* barrier. over 52.2 seconds for any race. DeVette POLE VAULT - an encouraging sign; won Adrian with a 51.4 and Shosten topconference champ Jon Lunderberg ped him with 51.26 at Olivet, good for Ist. cleared 14' in the bad conditions at Olivet. Add Greg Stumis and you have a Mile Burrell had two seconds (13' vs. Adrian) Relay team with two wins In two tries, the and Jeff Sotok two thirds. best being 3:27.31 vs. Adrian. JAVELIN - Despite some decent efforts, HURDLES - this event Is looking up the Dutch failed to notch a first. Mauren, somewhat. Kraig Jansen won with a r^ * throwing injured, was 2nd at ITS'lO" vs. school record 15.25 vs. Adrian, then * •i the Bulldogs. When Bill was injured at lowered it to 15.17 in a wind-aided 2nd vs. Olivet, Dan Rink picked up a 2nd with a Olivet's league champ Jackson. Brian personal best-166'9". Oosterhouse and Tim Wolffis have also SHOT PUT - After unimpressive efforts been racking up places. The fastest 400IH against Adrian, the putters looked good time was a 58.87 by Stumis In a runner-up last Saturday. Mark HUdebrandt threw a effort against Olivet. m 1 • winning 42'2 V and Phil Goff was 2nd at MIDDLE DISTANCES • Against Adrian, 4m'V • f • • Marks Northuis and Southwell tied In a , . ' •• • DISCUS • Jeff Allen was 2nd with 130,4M fine 4:01.5 for 1500 meters, with Steve vs. Adrian and won at 124T' Saturday. Elenbaas third. South (1:57.39) and Eley HUdebrandt and Mike Ahrens each had (2:00.72) ran fine 800's shortly after, good 3rds. for a 1-2. South was sub-l:58 again last LONG JUMP - Tom Hop (2r3M) and Saturday, while Norty, Eley and Steve | Bruce Jendrltz (20T') went 1-2 on the Underwood filled In the other places In Bulldogs, then Hope managed a 2nd at the two events. OliVet. LONG DISTANCES - Hope dominated i TRIPLE JUMP - Hop M V ) took 2nd vs. these events, too; Scott Vande Vorde and the Bulldogs and Kevin Spotts was Underwood went 1-2 In the Adrian 10,000 m runner-up against the Comets at 40'3M. meter, while Brian Taylor took the 5000, SHORT SPRINTS - The sprinters faired ahead of teammate Marty Schoenmaker. well against Adrian. The 440 yard relay B.T. and Underwood each won at Olivet team of Jon Coughenour, Hop, Tom with Dave Vlsscher and Dick Hoekstra 11181 h a S h e l p e d h l m c l e a r 6 2 i n t h e ' " W g h J u m p , (photo Kessel and Steve Cameron won with a getting strong seconds. '



by KariElzhf T ™ * t h e f 0 n n

Softball Swings Into Action 1*

x . J «« It took a^ while for the Hope softball team to pull out of the slumps of defeat but they finally got their wheels rolling last Monday with a victory over the previously undefeated Alma team. The Scots took the first game at the Maplewood field 9-6 but encountered some strong pitching by Junior Pam Cushman and some power hitting by senior Faye Berens In the second game for a 5-4 Flying Dutch victory. In the first encounter Hope led 5-3 but the Dutch committed six errors to allow the Alma Scots to score six unearned runs In the fifth and sixth Innings. Cushman relieved Deb Sterner but had to pick up the loss even though her mound performance included not a single earned run. Berens smacked a triple in the third Inning of the second game to help score

three runs and Cushman again took over relieving duties for Kathy Van Koevering this time and received the win. Berens came up with three hits along with Junior Lynne DeBruyn. Junior Suzle Tague knocked a three run homer in the first game. Last Saturday, a Calvin match-up wasn't as successful for the Dutchwomen. The Hope women fell to the Lady Knights 5-3 and 5-2. The Flying Dutch had a hard time handling the Calvin pitching staff as only two Hope players hit more than two hits during both games. Laura Bultman hit .750 for the day (3 hits for 4 at bats) and Lisa Klaasen also added two hits. Sterner and Cushman suffered losses for the day as the pitching duo allowed a total of 10 hits and 13 walks.

CELEBRATE YOUR DAY AND MOTHER'S DAY AT DAVE'S GARAGE featuring: Stuffed Fillet of Sole Chicken Provencal And A Limited Dinner Menu 11:00 - 7:00 P.M.

Women's Tennis Can't Lose The women's tennis team is on a definite winning streak as they have won nine straight matches including the last three of their spring tour. They stand undefeated In MIAA play with a 4-0 record and are 9-3 overall. Two recent victories over the Olivet Comets and a non-league match-up with Aquinas provided the Flying Dutch with romping defeats of 9-0 and 8-1 respectively. Finishes of Olivet match Singles: Suzi Olds (H) def. Christy Klein; 4-6,6-1,6-2; Cathy Works (H) def. Lisa Holt 6-2,6-1; Marti Beckering (H) def. Cindy Vogeler 6-1,6-0; Kim Beyer (H) def. Lisa Miller 6-2,6-0; Cathy Walsh (H) def. Cuffy Hutzger 6-1,6-0; Brenda Harris (H) def. Linda Stone 6-0,6-0.

Doubles: Walsh-Beyer (H) def. KlelnVogeler 6-3,6-3; Harris-Veera Patel (H) def. Miller-Holt 6-2,6-1; Glynis CoopmansPaula Veldman (H) def. Hutzger-Stone 64,6-1. Finishes of Aquinas match Singles: Suzi Olds (H) def. Mary Dynes 6-2,6-4; Cathy Work (H) def. Eileen Jankowskl 6-3,6-4; Marti Beckering (H) def. Christie Bugajskl 6-1,6-2; Lynne DeMoor (H) def. Sue Hakeem 6-3,6-2; Brenda Harris (H) def. Mary Walter 63,6-4; Lora Hanson (H) ,def. Julie Zlrkelbach 6-1,6-1. Doubles: Olds-Beckering (H) def. Dynes-Walter 6-0,6-4; Work-Demoor (H) def. Jankowski-Hakeem 6-3,4-6,6-1; Nancy Walsh-Joan Dennehy (A) def. Glynis Coopmans-Paula Veldman 6-4,0-6,2-6.

7.50 6.95

For Before or After Groduotion Moke Your Reservations Today



Fine Dining & Spirits In \ ; An Automotive Atmosphere Open Daily for Ljnch and Dnner

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Res. 392-30f7 . 478 E. 16th St. H o / l a r d , M c h i g a n

^ 2 P a



W o


Sports Women's Track is Racing to Championship

by Steve Underwood Faced with the unenviable task of running three meets in four days, the Hope I Women's has more than risen to the occa§ sion; they've been downright awesome W and nearly untouchable in their last three o meets. They swamped hapless Adrian u 107-29 on April 14, sped past alleged MIAA o contender Alma on April 16, and on April o 17 racked up 103 points in a triangular w meet against Notre Dame (40) and cu o Aquinas (7). X In the process, they revised 10 school records. But things get tougher now. After three straight home meets, the Dutchwomen had to hit the road; they were at difficult Alblan two days ago, they will run in the Southwestern Michigan CC Invitational Saturday, then will challenge Calvin and two others (non-league) in Grand Rapids Tuesday. But if the Dutch continue with the type of performances they've been producing, they'll be tough to beat when league meet rolls around on April 30. Why have the Dutchwomen been so successful so far? The answer is an incredible combination of versitility, depth and a handful of quality performers that are not only threats to win MIAA titles but to qualify for the National Meet. Versatility and depth go hand-in-hand. The Dutch have performers who can do several events well, who can mix a wide variety of field and-or running events. Take Lorrie VandeGrift for instance, who placed first or second in the high jump, discus, javelin and shot put against Adrian. Or Sue Williamsr who scored in every throwing event in the Alma and Adrian meets. Or Uli Peinalt, who has won the hurdles, long jump and high jump on several occasions. Sure, every team has versatile atheletes, but Hope is loaded with quantity and quality compared to most. When you talk about National threats, you have to start with Deb Lockhart, who made it to the semis of the AIAW Division III Meet in Pocatello, Idaho in the 100 meter hurdles. Against Adrian she blazed to a 14.99, routing her own school record by .16 and qualifying with plenty of room to spare. She has also potential to be among the league's best in'the 400 meter hurdles and 100 dash, both of which she has won on occassion.

Sports Calendar

She is not the only one with national experience





w e n t to A I A W D i v i s i o n III C r o s s C o u n t r y Nationals last

f a l l at P o c a t e l l o a n d






5000 m e t e r





is a


B o u g h t o n i s a l s o a w i z at t h e 1500 a n d 3000 m e t e r d i s t a n c e s , winning both vs. A l m a .


The versatile i


is a n o t h e r N a -

tional t h r e a t . S h e h i g h - j u m p e d 5'6" ind o o r s ; if s h e c l e a r s it o u t s i d e s h e ' l l b e Hope's third qualifier. After her


long j u m p vs. A l m a , s h e is 5" a w a y f r o m "

q u a l i f y i n g . And, a s m e n t i o n e d before, s h e i s a f i n e h u r d l e r - an M I A A c h a m p i o n s h i p t h r e a t , to b e s u r e . Lisa





s t a n d a r d f o r 400 m e t e r s w h e n s h e r a c e d t o a

1:00.88 v s .










Peinelt and N a n c y Highlander and you h a v e y e t a n o t h e r q u a l i f y i n g p o s s i b i l i t y in the 440-yard r e l a y . It w o u l d b e i m p o s s i b l e to d e t a i l all of t h e c o n t r i b u t e r s to t h i s f i n e t e a m , a t e a m that not only p e r f o r m s well, but h a s a g o o d a t t i t u d e a n d i s c l o s e knit. D e b S h y , Nancy




Carla J o h n s o n and Mary Ann Marron are a m o n g c o n t r i b u t e r s in t h e d i s t a n c e s . J a n e Northuis


have excelled




in t h e m i d d l e d i s t a n c e s .

Sandy Vanderbilt h a s been a top-notch high





Kaihler and Sarah V e l d m a n , well


400 m e t e r s .


has done

Carol. Miknis


M a r g e D e c k a r d h a v e b e e n s t r o n g in t h e hurdles, long j u m p and sprints. And






Missy Knopf's, Sheila Prochnow's, Fern Palma's,




Suchecki's, Shelly H e g e d u s ' s and Robin Wiegerrink's. They haven't scored much, but g i v e t h e t e a m t h e s p i r i t of s u p p o r t a n d 100 p e r c e n t e f f o r t . P a l m a m a y h a v e e x p r e s s e d it b ^ s t w h e n , c o n f r o n t e d w i t h a w a y w a r d h u r d l e in a 400 m e t e r D e b o r a h L o c k h a r t b r e a k s t h e t a p e in t h e 440 y a r d r e l a y , ( p h o t o b y K a r l E l z i n g a )


didn't g o a r o u n d it, but t h r o u g h it. T h a t ' s the s p i r i t of t h i s t e a m .

Classifieds — Today is the day of the APO-Red Cross Blood Tie me up. I'm available. - The Pope, ext. 6565.

Drive in Dow. Come tn between 10 and 3:45 and give a little life.

Vote for Kevin Bedwell President Student Congress. WANTED: Rides to the Keith Green concert on

YA SNAKE! Here's your Lofton column. I told you he couldn't write.


April 29, in Indianapolis. Will help pay for


gas.--Call ext. 6786 or 6305.

WANTED: Experienced chimp trainer. Chimp

Do you sew? I need some clothes mended.

MOM'S home!

goes by the name of Ben. Must be able to train

Will pay appropriately.--Call ext. 6286.

chimp to use eating utensils. Call ext. 7777.

THURSDAY, APRIL 22 3:00 p.m. - Softball, at Grand ValUy. 3:30 p.m. - Women's Tennis, vs. Adrian; 13th St. 9 Columbia Ave. 3:30 p.m. - Men's Tennis, at Aquinas. SATURDAY, APRIL 24 10:00 a.m. - Women's Tennis, vs. Siena Heights, 13th 9 Columbia. 11:00 a.m. - Women's Track, at Southwestern Invitational. 1:00 p.m. • Baseball, vs. Alma, Van Raalte Complex. 1:30 p.m. • Men's Track, vs. Alma, Von Raalte Complex. MONDAY, APRIL 26 3:00 p.m. - Softball, vs. Adrian; Von Raalte Complex. TUESDAY, April 27 3:00 p.m. - Women's Track, at Kalamazoo. 3:20 p.m. - Men's Track, vs. Albion.


F r e s h m a n Distance star Diane Boughton

Looking for two girls to live off campus. $240 a

LOFT FOR SALE: only $30, call now! Fits Kollen rooms.- Call ext. 6305.

Nukez le francais.

month plus heat split 5 ways. -Call 396-7553 or

B. - Thanks, T.

ext. 6286.

NEEDED: Ride to Iowa, first week of May, the

Going west? I need a ride to California but

Day! Beware! (Not that it'll do any good . . .)--

4th or 5th of May; Sioux City Area. - Call Rose

will go as far as you are, even to Colorado.

The Moose, the Wrestler, and the Chauffeur.

875-8501, preferably after 4:00.

Will help pay and drive.--Call ext. 6286.

FOR SALE: single red mattresses in excellent

Female roomate wanted for '82-'83 schoolyear

condition. • Call Mary. 396-1569.

to join two girls in a 3 bedroom house. If in-

A h h - l t ' s that time again my friends. Spring is

terested call 392-6366.

BOOM-BOOM: Just wanted to let you know we're going to raise the devil on All Saints

SIB softball game this afternoon at 5:30, vs Hartney's Heroes. See you all there. M. Mouse: It won't w o r k . I'm going to disap pear. Beware of the bus to Saugatuck.--B.B.

in the air and w i t h it the scent of danger. So,

WTAS is seeking an engineer for next fall. If

beware doers of evil, Hope's superheroes -

you would like to help out at all contact Rich

the B. Ones - are back on the p r o w l . - W i t h

Kennedy at 6863.

I'm voting for Rick Dernberger for S.C. Presi

goodness and niceness above all, RAFEAL,

WTAS is seeking members for the 1982-83 Ex-

dent. How about you? Vote Dernberger to day!


ecutive Committee. If interested contact Rich

Auditions for Chapel Choir are going on NOW

Kennedy at 6864.

through the 30th. Sign up for an audition time

LAZER ROCK - 610-103.3 WTAS







Parkview this summer. Call Chris at 6257. WANTED: A color TV to rent for the summer.

at Roger Rietberg's office, Rm. 122 in the music building.

MRP, only two issues to go! --BGC.

Call Chris at 6257. Elect KEVIN BEDWELL for President of Student Vote Rick Dernberger for Student Council

Looking for a roommate for the summer,

Congress, "Anyone can work a system; it

possibly through fall semester. If interested

takes a special person to make a system

President. He's qualified. He's the best man

coll Janet at 392-6056.


for the job. Communication is his theme.


Make every week Bed-wellness w e e k ! KEVIN

FOR SALE: 12 in. B & W TV, Zenith. Good

academic year, 1982-83, are available in the

BEDWELL for Student Congress President.

shape; $ 3 0 . - e x t . 6502.

Financial A i d Office, DWC 204. Upperclass t f u d e n f t must file by May 1 st.

Please vote! No matter who you vote for, vote!