THIRTY-SEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OP THE
REFORMED CHURCH IN AMERICA. 1 8 6 9.
THE ARCHIVES B EARDSLEE LIBRARY WESTERN THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY
23v :;;o r a
BOARD OF FOREIGN MISSIONS OF THE
f . f w m b § k M l in finttitn, AND
T W E L F T H OF SEPARATE ACTION, WITH
T h e Treasurer’s Tabular and S u m m a r y Report of Receipts, FOB THE
Y E A R E N D I N G A P R I L 30 t h , 1869.
J'JEW y O R K : B O A R D
P U B L I C A T I O N OP THE
e f o r m e d
N o. 103 F u l t o n Street . 1 8 6 9 .
R E P O B T . T h e Board of Foreign Missions respectfully presents to the Gen■eral S y n o d the following Report of the thirty-seventh year of its ex istence, and the eleventh year of its separate and independent ac tion : ' I HOME DEPARTMENT.
1. M E MBERS AND OFFICERS OF THE BOARD.
There has been no change in the m em be rs hi p of the Board during 'the year. T h e kind Providence, which w e have thankfully a c k n o w ledged for years past, has continued to give health and life to those w h o have been associated in this work. ' 2. AGENCIES EMPLOYED.' rF r o m the beginning of the year to the second Sabbath of Jan u ary, 1809, Rev. D . Rapalje, of the A m o y Mission, was occupied upon nearly every Lord’s D a y in presenting the w o r k in China to the Churches. F r o m the first Sabbath of J un e to January, 1869, Revs. H e n r y Stout and Joh n A. Davis, commissioned respectively as missionaries to Japan and China, pleaded for this cause before the Churches. F r o m the beginning of October to the close of the year. Rev. E. C. Scudder, of the Arcot Mission, a nd Rev. L. W . Kip, of the A m o y Mission, have presented from the pulpits of the R ef ormed Chu rc h the wor k and wants of the fields to which, they are devoted. Rev. S. R. Brown, D.D., has frequently spoken, as he has h ad the; opportunity, respecting Japan.
U p to the first of M a r c h the intelligence from our o w n Missions^ a n d interesting facts from the Missions of other bodies, were m a d e k n o w n through the columns of the Christian Intelligencer a nd Sower.. T h e condition of our treasury has been constantly presented through the editorial department of the Christian Intelligencer. After a careful deliberation, continued through three months, the B o a r d concluded to publish its o w n periodical, for the sake of ob taining the widest possible diffusion of our missionary intelligence,, and of the facts and arguments bearing upon our work, and also to a w a k e n a general interest and participation in the operations c o m mitted to our supervision. T h e first n u m b e r of “ The Gospel Field," the n u m b e r for March, was issued in February, ’69. T h e circulation of that n u m b e r w as eleven thousand copies, and of the April n u m ber, thirteen thousand. B y the generous offer of a m e m b e r of theBoard, a considerable portion of the cost of this periodical for thefirst year w as guaranteed. For the sake of securing the end in view, namely, the widest pos sible diffusion of missionary intelligence, and the formation of a general missionary spirit, it was resolved to furnish the P ap er at only the expense of postage to the recipient. It was argued that every family contributing to the support of our .work, was entitled to the information furnished b y this m ed iu m, a n d that all familiesnot contributing, if willing to accept the Paper, ought to have it, so that they might be induced to assist in sustaining the Missions. T h e 37,000 families of the denomination can be supplied withthis monthly periodical at an expense to the B o a r d of about84,000 a year. 3. FINANCES. T h e receipts of the year have been : from Churches, 859,523 03 Sabbath Schools, 85,310 99 ; Individuals, through Churches, 86,140 11; Individuals, not through Churches, 82,211 4 2 ; Legacies,. 85,457 74: Miscellaneous sources, 82,767 09; Total, 881,410 38. Deducting 8 2 0 0 received from the Ame ri ca n Tract Society, and 82,201 20 received as interest on the Security Fund, and thea m o u n t realized from Legacies, 85,457 74; in all, 87,858 94, w e have 873,551 44 left as the contribution of the denomination during the year. For this encouraging result, w e are indebted, mainly, to the hearty and earnest efforts of the pastors, seconded b y the zeal ous co-operation of certain liberal laymen.
T h e Board began the year with a debt of 816,000. Notwith.■standing the general response to our appeals, the debt at the close •of the year w a s 824,000. This increase of obligations is due, •exclusively, to unusual expenses. It has been necessary to complete buildings, for various purposes, in each of the Missions, to bring h o m e brethren in need of a change of climate, and to send out a re-enforcement. A lt ho ug h the B o a r d mentions these as unusual ex penditures, yet w e arc unwilling even to intimate that there m a y be allowed any decrease in the offerings of the Chu rc h for this work> during the next or any succeeding year, for s o m e time to come, for there is not n o w expended upo n the fields w e occupy as m u c h as their wants require, leaving out of the reckoning wha t should be laid out u p o n such aggressive Christian warfare as should be con stantly and vigorously prosecuted. T o sustain the Missions during the next year, to return two of the ^ missionaries n o w in this country, to send out those n o w under c o m mission, and to m ee t h o m e expenses, w e shall need 867,84V 50. A d d i n g to this the a m o u n t of present indebtedness, w e have the ;sum of 892,000 to be obtained during the year ending on April 30th, 1870. ’ ^ T h e B o a r d is constrained to call the attention of the C hu rc h once .more, through the'Geheral Synod, to the decline in our income ex perienced through the s u m m e r months. This is annually the cause •of serious embarrassment, beside adding a considerable sum, in the form of interest upo n loans, to the usual outlay. For economi cal reasons your foreign w o r k is sustained by monthly payments. E a c h m o n t h calls for an outlay of between five a n d six thousand •dollars. W e request, therefore, that the Churches be entreated to m a k e one collection for this work, if possible, between the first day of M a y and the first day of August in each year. W e are h a p p y to be able to announce that the n u m b e r of the Churches which con tribute to our treasury on the first Sabbath morning of each m o n t h is steadily increasing. It is not found that this custom interferes with the collections for any other g o o d work, or in any degree di minishes their amount, but rather operates to increase the liberality •of the people towards all the departments of Christian benevolence. W e are happy, also, to report that systematic benefactions have in creased, and that, in a n u m b e r of the Churches, plans have been adopted calculated to reach every communicant, and afford each one .ah opportunity to contribute. W e have noticed with pleasure that
the propiiety and necessity of organized and systematic effort todevelope the ability of the C hurch to give to the extension of the R e d e e m e r ’s K i n g d o m , is receiving mor e and m o r e attention. 4.
r e -e n f o r c e m e n t s .
It has been our privilege to add the Rev. H e n r y Stout and wife4 to the missionary force of the Japan Mission, and Rev. J o h n A. .Davis and wife to that of the A m o y Mission. These brethren sailed with Rev. D. Rapalje, of the A m o y Mission, w h o had spent t w o 4 years at h o m e to restore impaired health, on the 9th day of January last, by the Pacific Mail Line Steamer. T h e y reached their destina tion in the following March. T h e B o a r d also commissioned Miss M. J. Mandeville and Miss4 Josephine Chapin as Assistant Missionaries, to be connected' with the Arcot Mission. A s the period had passed w h e n missionary families sail for India, it was necessary to detain these ladies. It isexpected that they will e m b a r k during the s u m m e r of this year. T h e B oa rd has also commissioned Miss Mar y E. Kidder, of B r o o k lyn, L. L, as an Assistant Missionary, to bo connected with theY o k o h a m a station of the Mission to Japan. It is probable that this lady will leave for her appointed field in July next with Rev. S. R. Bro wn , D.D., w h o hopes to return to Y o k o h a m a at that time. W hi le it has been a pleasure to send this help to the brethren w h o are striving to overtake the wants of the fields open beforethem, w e have not been able to repress the desire that a larger n u m b e r of candidates for missionary service would be presentedr and that the Church would furnish the m ea ns to enable us to send t h e m forth. T h e force of each of our Missions should be increased.. B y the departure of Mr. Verbeck, to Yedo, to perform important w o r k for the G ov er nm en t and the cause of our Master, Mr. Stout is left alone at Nagasaki. H e should have a fellow laborer. G o d hasblessed that station above every other within the Empire, and it ought to be supplied by us witli a force sufficient to improve the opportunities constantly presented. T h e A m o y Mission needs at least two additional missionaries, one of t h e m a physician,4 to occupy Chiang-chiu, the commercial a n d social centre of a large and populous valley, and of an exten sive region beyond. T h e services maintained in this city, mainly b y the native helpers, have been attended by crowds of respectful
listeners. T h e brethren of the Mission find it a difficult matter, in deed an impossibility, to cultivate this open field as it deserves, and: t o 'improve the opportunities offered daily to instruct m e n in the1 w o r d of life. O u r missionary band, at A m o y , ought to have an ad dition of t w o laborers. T h e w o r k of the Arcot Mission is increas ing with, great rapidity in the southern portion of South Arcot. Mr. M ayou, w h o is in charge of this part of the territory occupied^ although possessing unusual physical vigor, and being a most indus trious w or km an , is altogether unable to look after the villages seek ing for Christian counsel and instruction, a nd those desiring a visit from a preacher of the Gospel. If two additional missionaries were located in this district they would be fully occupied in caring for those w h o are at this very time ready to renounce idolatry and place themselves under Christian instruction. There is every reason for the belief that if this part of our field were properly supplied with ordained missionaries,'a large portion of the population would soon be gathered within the C hu rc h of Christ. • O u r w o r k is annually enlarging. O u r missionary brethren are overtaxed by the d e m a n d s m a d e u p o n them. These are the le gitimate results of prosperity. W e should rejoice that the Lord’ has given us such a blessing. W e should expect to be called upon to increase the n u m b e r of our missionaries. Besides w e ought togive a place in our calculations to events almost certain to occur in the future. W e cannot expect that disease and death will passby the m e n w e have at present in the field. Y e t not one of t h e m could n o w be spared. T h e Lord can indeed accomplish His gra cious designs by a few as well as by many, but His declaration is that he w h o soweth bountifully shall reap bountifully, a nd he that soweth sparingly shall reap sparingly. If those w h o can do m u c h con tent themselves with doing a little, they must also be content with m ea g r e results. W e need one m a n for Japan, two for China, t wo for India, at this very time. ' II. S U R V E Y O F T H E M I S S I O N S . 1. TI?E A M O Y MISSION--CHINA. ’
(Organized in 1844.) Occupying the cities of A m o y , population 200,009 ; Chioh-bey, population 60,000 ; Chiang-chiu, population 200,000 ; Tongan, pop-
illation 60,000. T h e field traversed, that is, the territory includ ing those cities, has a population of about 3,090,000. T h e missionary force engaged consists of Missionaries.— Revs. J. Y. N. Talmage, D.D., D. Rapalje, J oh n A. Davis, and Revs. L. W . Kip, J. H . Y a n Doren, at present in this country. Assistant Missionaries.— Mrs. Talmage, Mrs. Helen A. Kip, Mrs. Davis. D ur i n g half of the year Dr. T a l m a g e has been the only mission ary of this B o a r d on the .field. Early in the year, Mr. V a n Doren, o n account of an afiection of his eyes, resulting from general physi cal prostration, sailed for Y o k o h a m a , Japan, in the hop e that the change of climate w ould restore his strength and heal his eyes. This improvement was denied to him, a n d towards the close of the s u m me r, b y the advice of physicians, he returned to this country. Mr. Kip, being very m u c h reduced in strength, was ordered h o m e b y the physicians in June. H e reached N e w Y o r k in September last. Mr.'Rapalje having recovered health and strength, a cc om pa nied b y Mr. Davis, just commissioned, e mb ar ke d for A m o y in J an uary, a n d reached his destination in March. Mr. Kip, G o d willing, hopes to return during the fall of the present year.
STATISTICAL TA B L E OF T H E “ TAI-HOE,” OR OLASSIS O F AMOY,
Contributions for Be nevolent and Reli gious Purposes.
| Female Pu’lsin Schools]
|Total Pupils in Schools]
|Male pupils in Schools.!
| Under Suspension.
|Members, Dec. 31, ’68.
Received on Certificate!
Members, Jan 1, 1868.
C hur ches
Received on Confession
For the Year 1868 :
First Church of A m o y ..... 147 8 2 i 2 150 13 6 18 2 20 388 20 Kang-thau,* under 1st Church 5 07 5 40 O-pi* “ “ Second Church of A m o y ... 156 19 i 3 3 169 10 17 28 6 34 342 34 11 74 Ang-tung-thauf “ a Tong-anf “ “ Church at Chioh-bey....... IS 11 4 .90 1 7 19 i 20 87 04 17 75
Total under care Am. Kef. Ch. Mission................ S11 Church at Peh-chui-la..... 37 Koan jim,§ under Peh-chui-la Churcli at Mapeng........ 129
Church at E-mung-kang...
88 6 5 i 5 409 24 30 65 9 74 807 54 4
36 39 33 43
1 9 10 10
Total under care of English Pres. Ch. Mission....... 324 66 .. 10
•• 144 6 12
36 44 43 53
2 2 2 3
380 15 18
Total under care of Tai-hoe.. 701 104 6 15 i 5 789 39 48
* Included in Statistics of First Church. f do., Second Church. J do., Chioh-bey. § do. Peh-chui-la. | do. Ma-peng. If do. An-hai. Native Preachers, (including the two Pastors) 18 under the care of'each Mission. Theological students, each Mission '7. Medical students, each Mis sion 1.
STATE OF THE CHURCHES.
F irst C h u r c h o f A m o y .— This C hurch has a consistory of four elders and four deacons, and a native pastor supported by itself. Pastor L o has been sick for m o r e than two years. T w o years ago the physicians gave up all hope of his recovery, and thought his end very near. In answer to prayer, G o d has spared his life, and there has been, for m o r e than a year past, a gradual improvement in his health. Last year he m a d e a visit to Formosa, and while there began again to preach. Since his return he has been able to relieve m e from the pastoral care of his Church, and has preached every Sabbath. T h e small increase of members, and the large n u m b e r under sus pension, are sad proofs of the want of the outpouring of the Spirit on this Churcli. In a Christian land, a mere desire to maintain respectability will keep individuals from such conduct as would lead to suspension from Church fellowship ; here the reverse is true. Tile influences of a heathen c o m m u n i t y like this are against a Christian course of conduct, and are so m a n y and so powerful that it requires m u c h m o r e grace to resist them. Hence, w h e n the pastor and elders of a Church are faithful, a low state of piety will be manifested in the n u m b e r suspended from Church fellowship. A s Pastor L o ’s health improves, enabling h i m to take a m o r e efficient oversight of his charge; I trust w e shall see an improve m e n t in the prosperity of his Church. T h e improvement has, I think, already c om me nc ed . -The eight additions to this Chu rc h in 1867 were from the out-stations; of the eight received during this year, six were from A m o y , and t wo m o r e are to be baptized next Sabbath. , '
There have been two baptisms, one death, and one suspension at this out-station of the First Church. . OPI.
A t this out-station there has been one death, two suspensions, and no additions. There has been, however, m u c h increase of interest, and a large accession to the n u m b e r of inquirers. These inquirers are being w i n n o w e d gradually ; s o m e are falling off, others are proving themselves true, and will probably soon be received.
T h e villages of Kang-than and O-pi are distant from each other between.three and four miles. T h e Christians residing in t h e m pe titioned, in the spring of I S C ’? to be organized as a Church. A c o m mittee was appointed by the Classis to perform this work, but Mr. K i p ’s departure, a nd Pastor L o ’s sickness m a d e a postponement ne cessary. T h e preliminary steps having been taken, last Sabbath the organization, under the n a m e of the O-kang Church, was completed ' by the ordination of two elders and one deacon— another deacon, ' w h o had been elected, h a d been suddenly called a w a y by his busi ness. T h e Chu rc h begins with thirty members, all from the First C hu rc h of A m o y . A few mor e will soon be added from the s a m e Church. SECOND CHURCH OF AMOY.
Tbis-Church also has four elders and four deacons, and a native pastor supported by itself. Pastor lap is not in very g oo d health. H e was laid aside from preaching for m a n y weeks during the last summer, but was able to continue the pastoral care of the Church. F or a long time w e have felt the urgent need of a n e w outpouring of the Spirit on this C hu rc h also. T h e remarks m a d e respecting the First C hu rc h apply also to the Second, but the improvement during the last year has been m o r e manifest in this Church. O f the nine teen additions reported, eleven were from A m o y . T w o m o r e are to be added to this C hurch also on the next Sabbath W e have just had a very pleasant evidence that there is still m u c h piety in the A m o y Churches— and, I trust, an increase of piety— during the ~ W e e k of Prayer. T h e meetings were unusually well attended, and of unusual interest. TE-SOA
Is an out-station, under the care of this Church, on the mainland ( A m o y is an Island), about fifteen miles to the north. During the year two adults have been baptized. For a long time the w o r k here was not very encouraging, but for the last twelve mon th s there has been m u c h increase of interest, a n d the n u m b e r of inquirers has greatly multiplied. O u r present chapel is entirely too small on s o m e occasions, especially at the celebration of the L or d ’s Supper, w h e n the m e m b e r s from Ang-tung-thau also attend, to a c c o m m o date the congregation.
Also an out-station of the Second Church, is three or four miles to the northwest of Te-soa. Six adults have been baptized during the year ; there have been, also, t w o or three suspensions from church fellowship. After the persecution here t wo years ago, there w as a great increase in the attendance, this was followed by a reaction. Then, last summer, the present preacher stationed here was disa足 bled b y sickness for s o m e months. H e is n o w pretty well recovered, and the interest in that region is again increasing. '
I have reported as a station. W e began to send helpers to this place in 1867, to preach as opportunity offered, and they have been m u c h encouraged. N o one has yet been baptized. W e have m a d e repeated attempts to hire a r o o m or building for worship, but in every instance the landlord has been frightened from his bargain be 足 fore the lease was signed. W e are very anxious to retain our foothold in this city, both because of its importance in itself, being a populous city, situated in a densely populated region, and because it is on the thoroughfare between A m o y and the district of An-khoe. If our Chu rc h supports our Mission properly, w e hope soon to extend our outposts from Tong-an into this district, which, at present, seems an inviting field for missionary operations. . C H U R C H OF CHIOH-BEY.
This C hu r c h has four elders and four deacons. A t the time of our last report, w e h o p e d to be able before this to report progress in settling a native pastor over this Church. T h e matter has been kept before them, and has been the subject of m u c h discussion and prayer, but they cannot yet see their w a y clear. There is m u c h that is interesting in the character of the C hu r c h of Chioh-bey. It was subject to great opposition a n d persecution in its infancy. It has lived through all this, and at the present time has an excellent character a m o n g the heathen. T h e Christians have exhibited so m u c h prudence and such a Christ-like disposition, as to compel the people to speak well of them. A large n u m b e r m e e t to足 gether every evening for the study of the Scriptures a nd for prayer.
T h e daily preaching services are well attended b y passers-by. M a n y of the important truths and doctrines of Christianity must be m o r e or less familiar to thousands in the large towns and in the region around teeming with population. Great numbers s e e m to be con足 vinced of the truth and excellence of Christianity. I k n o w of no place whore there seems so m u c h readiness for a large ingather足 ing. T h e outpouring of the H o l y Spirit is only necessary to lead m e n to embrace with the heart, the doctrines already r e c o m m e n d e d to their intellects. T h e Chu rc h at h o m e will assist us in seeking for this blessing. CHIANG-CHIU.
T h e w o r k at this out-station, under the care of the Chioh-bey Church, has increased in interest during the year. O f the eleven a d d ed to the C hu r c h at Chioh-bey, seven were baptized at ChiangChiu. O n e m o r e was baptized on m y last visit to the place. There are several inquirers who, I trust, m a y be received before long. T h e place is of so m u c h importance that w e have stationed t w o of our best native helpers there. T h e greater part of the city is still in ruins, the result of the late most disastrous rebellion. U n d e r the oppressive and short-sighted policy of the present government, it will be m a n y years before the city recovers its former prosperity. In August last, I informed y o u of the purchase of lots in ChiangChiu for a chapel. It took m e from that time until about ten days ago to get the deed through the Mandarin offices. It w ou ld see m that the officials are so accustomed to deception that our openness in the whole affair bewildered them. CHHA-THAU-PO.
I have set this d o w n as an out-station, under the care of the Chioh-bey Church. It must be w o r k e d from Chiang-Chiu, a n d unless w e succeed in obtaining a larger missionary force, and a part of this be located at Chiang-Chiu, the w o r k at Chha-thau-po, a nd in all that region, m u s t be left almost entirely to the care of the native Christians. It will usually take us nearly three days to reach the place from A m o y . T h e w o r k here began with t w o men, w h o h a d been under treat足 m e n t in the hospital at A m o y , where they heard the Gospel. R e
turning home, they told w ha t they r em em be re d to s o m e of their friends. S oo n a request was sent to Chiang-Chiu for s o m e one to c o m e and teach t h e m m o r e of the ti;uth. This desire being con veyed to us, as soon as possible, Mr. K i p visited the locality, and found ten persons w h o had renounced idolatry and were worshiping the true G o d according to the light they had. Since that timer which was during the last spring, w e have frequently sent native helpers to the place, having t he m remain sometimes simply over the Sabbath, and sometimes for t w o or three weeks. W e m a d e two efforts last s u m m e r to have our helpers remain still longer, but on both occasions illness compelled t h e m to return. W h e n w e find a suitable helper for the field, he should be stationed there. A s yet, w e have received none of the inquirers in this tow n into the Church. There is a c o m m u n i t y of over twenty persons, men, w o m e n and children, w h o profess to worship God. T h e y have met with and endured m u c h persecution in time past, and are still ex posed to m a n y annoyances, to the loss of property and threats, be cause of their religion. schools.
M a n y years ago w e had two parochial schools, one connected with each C h u r c h at A m o y . T h e one connected with the Second C hurch was held in the lower part of m y residence. I gave considerable personal attention to it, and taught a second teacher, that he might be able to give instruction in various departments of study not usually attended to in Chinese schools. This school b e c a m e very flourishing for a time. T h e n this “ second teacher” was removed b y death, and soon our hands were so m u c h weakened that w e had to cast the schools on the care of the Chinese churches. A n effort was m a d e to be m o r e economical, and teachers were obtained for a smaller salary. T h e consequence was, the schools dwindled and b e c a m e almost worthless. In the s a m e way, the school at Chiohbey finally died out. T h e schools at A m o y and Chioh-bey have been resuscitated. W e have employed teachers of a better class. It has cost us m o r e m o n e y ; but if m o n e y is to be laid out for schools, it has been well spent. All our schools have b e c o m e prosperous. T h e scholars have been regular in their attendance during the whole year, which is very different from wha t was usuaby the case in years past. T h e school
connected witli the Second C h u r c h of A m o y has thirty-four scholars. I do not suppose that there is another school in this city at all to be compared with it as to size and efficiency. Perhaps the one the nearest to it is that of the First Church. T h e school at Chioh-bey, has twenty scholars, instead of half a dozen as in former years. P e r haps w e should, this year, establish schools at Chiang-Chiu and Ang-tung-thau. _
4-‘f ,JV * I have set d o w n the n u m b e r of these, including the two native pastors, at eighteen. T h e two pastors are sustained by the native Churches. O f the sixteen sustained by the Mission, t wo or three, perhaps, should be reckoned as chapel-keepers, which is their espe cial business. B u t they are very valuable helpers. These preachers and native helpers generally s h o w c o m m e n d a b l e zeal, and are of the utmost importance in our work. T h e y cost the Mission from §50 to $100 each per a nnum. D uring the past year there has been m o r e sickness than usual a m o n g them. In a few in stances, I think, the sickness^was caused by overwork, or, at least, b y neglect of themselves w h e n they had found better opportunities for preaching than usual. .
This class has n o w been in existence for many'years. O u r most valuable helpers had a part of their training in it. In consequence of the a m o u n t of w o r k on m y hands, I have not been able to give m u c h attention to the class during the past year. I m ee t with t he m once a week, to give instruction,in the analysis of texts of Scripture, and in sermonizing. T h e missionaries of the Engligh Presbyterian Mission have also given t h e m instruction in various departments of knowledge, such as systematic theology, scripture history a nd exe gesis, as they have been able. T h e students of the t wo Missions meet together in thes6 exercises. W e m a d e application early last fall for an appropriation of $300, that w e m ight be able to erect a building for our theological stu dents on Kolongsu. After the completion of our residence, I pur chased an adjoining lot of ground. Part of it, at least, was needed for the protection of our house. It will be a very suitable place for
our Theological Hall. Perhaps on account of the smallness, of the a m o u n t w e asked for (only 830 0 for a Theological Seminary !) the matter was not considered very important, and was forgotten b y the Board. W e consider it a matter of great importance. Those y o u n g m e n ought to be under our immediate a nd constant supervision. B y being near me, they might receive s o m e instruction every day, in stead of once a week, as at present. I ought to add that the r oo ms occupied b y these y o u n g m e n arc in our former residence, a part of which is occupied b y Pastor lap, so that they are s om ew ha t under his supervision. This department of our w o r k — the training of y o u n g m e n to b e c o m e pastors a nd helpers— cannot be over-estimated. MEDICAL STUDENTS.
I have mentioned one medical student under our care, Dr. Carnagie, w h o has had charge of the missionary hospital for so m a n y years, and has m a d e it so efficient, originated the plan of medical students. H e r e c o m m e n d e d that each of the three Missions should select a lad of piety and promise, and engaged, on his part, to give, t h e m medical instruction. These lads are on the s a m e footing as our theological students. If they turn out well, they will be of great assistance to us in our work. Dr. Carnagie has n o w left A m o y , to the great regret of all the missionaries and foreign residents. Dr. Jones has kindly consented to carry on the hospital work, and give instruction to these students. THE INSTRUCTION OF' W O M E N .
This is a subject of great importance, not presented in our sta tistical table. A serious obstacle to the advance of our C hu r c h in all that is good, is the ignorance of the w o m e n . There are none w h o can read the whole Bible, and very few can read s o m e of the easier portions of it. B y far the larger part of t h e m cannot read the proper Chinese characters at all. Imagine, if y o u can, wha t w o u ld be the efficiency of a C hu rc h in the United States, none of the female m e m b e r s of which could read. W h a t can y o u expect of families with such wives and mothers? W h a t of the children trained b y t h e m ? T h e question, h o w can this evil be remedied ? has given us m u c h anxious thought. In A m o y a nd Chioh-bey, where w e have schools
-connected with our Churches, w e have endeavored to impress on parents the duty ot educating their children— their daughters as well as their sons. A t all other stations, although theoretically •teaching t h e m the sam e duty, w e have not been able to render the m any practical assistance. N o w look at the •statistics of the three -schools I have mentioned— in all nine girls! It m a y be said, “ the parents are to blame.” No. doubt they are. B u t w e have to deal with facts. Beside the subject is beset with difficulties. T h e state of society is such that it would be unsafe for •girls to pass through the streets alone to school, except w h e n they live in its immediate neighborhood. T h e n again, w h e n they arrive -at the age of 13 or 14 years, it is felt to be improper to leave t h e m in a promiscuous school. It is a sad fact also that the female chil dren w h o have the advantage of these few years in school, lose the 'little knowledge of the Chinese characters they had gained. This is not to be wondered at. T h e written language is a different lan-gnage from that which is spoken. Suppose a school to be estab‘lished for teaching small boys and girls in the Latin, h o w m a n y of -the scholars would retain their ability to read it after they had left the school a few years, if they h a d no other inducement to continue -its practice than the opportunity of reading a few ancient books? This is a fair illustration of the case before us. W e m a y hope, as Christianity advances, that there will be a cor responding. advance in teaching the children of the Church, a nd w h e n Christianity shall have m a d e sufficient progress, all the chil-dren of the C h u r c h will be taught, at least, to read B u t h o w m a n y years, perhaps generations, mus t w e wait for this ? W h a t in the m e a n t i m e shall w e do for the ignorant w o m e n (not to speak of the m e n ) already in the Church, and the great multitudes w h o m w e hop e to see brought in ? E v e n though the children m a y be taught to read the Chinese characters, these cannot be. W e have been trying for twenty years to teach the w o m e n to read the Bible. W e have encouraged t h e m to take the Bible and follow us as w e rea'd it from the pulpit. There are a few w h o have m a d e such proficiency as to be able to find the place where w e are reading, and very few V h o can go m u c h further. It was, in order to m ee t and r emove this difficulty, as far as pos sible, that an experiment was m a d e of furnishing s o m e books in the romanized colloquial.' This m a y not have been the best plan, but thus far it has been the only one. W e do not expect this system B
of writing ever to b e c o m e general and supplant tlie Chinese charac ter. It is only a temporary expedient to do wha t w e can to r e m e d y a great evil. T h e experiment was begun m a n y years ago. It p r o m ised well for a time. T h e n the supply of books failed, and our Mis sion b e c a m e too m u c h w ea kened to carry this w o r k forward. A b o u t t w o years ago, Mr. V a n D o r e n undertook to put our small handpress again in operation, and furnish us with books, provided theolder missionaries would supply h i m with “ copy.” A s soon as Mrs. K i p was able to use the language sufficiently, she took charge, o n Thursday afternoon of each week, of the w o m e n ’s meeting, for religious instruction and prayer, connected with the Second Church. W h e n colloquial books began again to be furnish ed, she added a-half hour to the exercises of this meeting for teach ing the romanized colloquial. Mrs. T al ma ge joined her on Sundays,, before the afternoon service, to assist in this teaching, thus begin ning a S u n d a y School c o m p o s e d of old as well as young, connected with the Second Chnrch. W h e n the experiment began to provesuccessful in this church, Mrs. Talmage, her health having becomesufiBcient to warrant it, c o m m e n c e d a similar class in the First. C hurch on Friday afternoon of each week, also meeting with t h e m on S un d a y before the afternoon service. Since Mrs. K i p ’s return to the United States, Mrs. T a l ma ge has taken both classes, a nd on S u n d a y alternates between the two Churches. These, classes haveadvanced so far in the knowledge of the colloquial books, that the only instruction she n o w has occasion to give, is to listen to theirreading of the portions of Scripture which are the subjects of study on the w e e k days, and to hear their answers to the Scripture ques tions which form their lessons for Sundays. O f those w h o attend these classes, there are n o w forty w o m e n , in our two A m o y Churches, w h o thus read, with greater or less fluency, the colloquial.Scriptures, and recite from the Scripture question book, ‘Beside, the Scriptural instruction which these w o m e n thus obtain directly from attendance on these classes, they are m u c h m o r e inter ested and interesting hearers of the preaching of the W o r d than they were previously. It is worthy of note h o w soon Christianity begins to s h o w its influence even in the external appearance of those w h o embrace it, and attend on the ordinances of G o d ’s house, softening the countenance, kindling an expression of intelligence, and increasing the appearance of respectability in the whole person.
In the same w a y does the ability to read, even these few colloquial books, begin to s h o w itself in the appearance of these w o m e n . In conclusion it becomes m e to m a k e acknowledgment, with sin cere gratitude to God, of the health enjoyed b y mys el f and family, during the greater part of the year. It is k n o w n that Mrs. Tal m a g e s health was so seriously affected b y our protracted voyage out, that for a long time after w e were in great “anxiety lest she should never recover. Since our removal to Kolongsu, her health has con tinued, very slowly indeed, to improve. After the departure of Mrs. Kip, it was with m a n y misgivings, on m y part and that of others, that she undertook the charge of the class left b y Mrs. K i p in addi tion to that of her own. B u t the w o r k s eemed important e nough to warrant the experiment. G o d has given us strength equal to our day. ■ W h e n w e consider the weakncss of the Mission ; for m o r e than half of the year only one missionary a n d one assistant missionary in the field; one of the native pastors laid aside, by sickness, from all w o r k during m o r e than half a year, and only able to perform very partial service during tbe remainder of the t i m e ; the other native pastor in only partial health— for m a n y weeks laid aside from all preaching— a n d an unusual a m o u n t of sickness a m o n g our native helpers, w e have great cause for thankfulness to the great H e a d of the C hu rc h that w e are able to report so m u c h progress for the year. 2. T h e A rcot M
(Organized in 1854.) T h e Mission occupies :
North Arcot District.— Axea, 5017 square miles; population 1,000,716.
South Arcot District.— Area, 4,916 square miles; population 1,102,184.
T h e following extracts are presented from the Ann ua l Report of the Mission: T h e L o r d has. been very merciful to us. Sickness has en tered our dwellings it is true, and several of our n u m b e r have been seriously ill. Still death has not been permitted to invade our cir cle, and restoring mercies have been granted to those w h o were sick. T h e Lord has been very kind to our native Agents also. O f the
sixty-nine mentioned in our last report, only one has been removed b y death. T b e n u m b e r of these helpers has been increased, and n o w eighty are actively engaged in the various departments of our work. As,a body they have rendered us most efficient aid, w e have great reason to thank the Lord for raising t h e m u p to be co-laborers with us in His vineyard. TOURING.
Humber “ Humber “ “ “ “ “
of tours. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . “ encampments............ of days-the missionaries were out “ “ native helpers “ “ sermons preached........... “ villages reached. . . . . . . . . . . in audiences. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . of books sold. . . . . . . . . . . . - •
17 44 204 733 2,887 2,411 74,482 4,657
This includes the visitation of the villages within a few miles of -.the stations. Number « •“ •“ ■“
T h e statistics of this w o r k are :
of sermons preached. . . . . . . . . . “ villages reached. . . . . . . . . . . “ places preached in. . . . . . . . . in audiences.... .. . . . . . . . . . . of books sold. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3,792 305 3,779 127,801 4,292
T h e proclamation of the Gospel to the adult population of our district is the chief object of our Mission, and to it w e devote our best energies. A m a r k e d and cheering change has been noticed b y us in the m a n n e r in w hich the people listen to the Gospel message. T h e story of Jesus’ love was formerly heard with indifference or undissembled scorn. N o w it often elicits a subdued and earnest attention. A lm os t all violent opposition has passed away. A spirit of serious inquiry in regard to the claims of Christianity seems to be rapidly extending over the land, and quite a n u m b e r of village congregations have placed themselves under our care during the past year. A vast preparatory w o r k is doing. T h e tables s h o w that to over 200,000 souls the Gospel has been preached. W h e n it pleases the L o r d to follow these labors with a copious out-pouring of His Spirit,
a great and saving change will take place a m o n g tie people. Let our daily and importunate prayer ascend to H i m for that Spirit. SAHODARA SANGAM.
S u c h is the vernacular n a m e (meaning B a n d of Brothers) given to a benevolent society which has been organized b y our native brethren during the past year. Its immediate object is to minister to the necessities of poor converts w h o require aid. Persons re nouncing heathenism and placing themselves under our care, are often left in the mos t destitute circumstances. Their friends re nounce t h e m ; their employers denounce and dismiss t h e m ; every effort is m a d e to injure their property or deprive t h e m of it. In the midst of these trials they appeal to us for assistance. This S o ciety is designed to mee t such appeals. T h e assistance is afforded in the w a y of small loans, which the recipient pledges himself to return if prospered in his business. That m a n y of t h e m are honest in giving these pledges is sufficiently evinced b y the fact that con siderable s u m s have already been paid back into the Society’s trea sury. D ur i n g the past year, the s u m of Rupees, 1,550, has been contributed to the Society, and m u c h goo d has been accomplished b y it. '
A glance at the station reports an'I table of statistics will s h o w that encouraging progress has been m a d e by our Mission. Thirteen n e w Christian congregations have been added to those reported last year; one n e w church has been organized at Modur, m a k i n g a total of fourteen in the Mission; the communicants have increased from 4 3 9 to 534; the Christian community, which last year included 1,722 souls, n o w num be rs 2,094 ; the buildings for the Arcot S e m i nary have been completed ; a large n u m b e r of youths have been instructed in our schools and Seminaries, and our Medical Depart m e n t has been in a most flourishing condition. These are the cheering results, and to G o d w e give all the glory. RE-ENFORCEMENT.
O u r great want is an addition to our missionary force. T h e de parture of Rev. E. C. Scudder, to recruit, has left a fearful g a p in our already reduced number. Nearly seven years have passed a w a y since the youngest m e m b e r of our Mission joined us. All the mis-
•sionaries n o w in the field are severely overtaxed. It seems almost 'miraculous that they do not sink under their burdens. T h e mission:ary at Yellore is performing the duties hitherto devolving u p o n two •persons. Palamanair, one of our t w o Telugu stations, is vacant. 'Guriattum, Tindevanum, and W a n d i w a s h , are fields which ought to be occupied at once by a missionary. T h u s five missionaries are needed this day to m a n the field already under cultivation. T h e interests of our w o r k are daily suffering for want of them. Often have w e represented these urgent circumstances. Still w e have not the promise of a single n e w man. A g a in w e raise an earnest, press ing cry to the B o a r d for men. , ■
D ur in g the past year w e have issued the following w o r k s : A n edition of “ Telugu Jewel M i n e ” . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5,000 copies. “ “ Sweet Savors” in T a m i l . . . . . . . . . . 3,000 copies. • Tamil N e w Testament and P s a l m s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..1,500 copies. Telugu B ib le . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 250 copies. T h e copies of N e w Testament and Psalms, and also of the Telugu Bible, are paits of editions printed in connection with the Madras Auxiliary Bible Society. A Tamil translation of the Heidelberg Catechism is n o w in press, a n d w e think it will be found to be a valuable addition to the relig ious literature in Tamil.
Total of Congrega tions, ’68.
Total of Congrega tions, ’67.
Scholars in Vernacular Schools.
Children of Cate chumens. Suspended.
§ o .2 a
baptized Adults not Communicants.
1 ] 67
3 52 59
Gnanodiam... 4 45 74
130 173 93
6 69 163 173 3
319 490 164
17 25 47
12 73 32
26 96 11 21
24 115 235 No Report.
58 No Report.
7 13 12
10 13 ' 9 20
50 No Report.
62 No Report.
40 No Report.
Total.. 25 439 534
54 *. 311 182
178 555 408 400 19 439 1712 2094 899
***Included in Arnee.
A rupee is about 50 cents, gold.
T h e Arcot Seminary, for boys, is at Vellore, a n d has 47 pupils; the Girls’ Seminary at Chittoor, and has 46 pupils. T h e Prepar•andi Class is taught at Arcot, and has 26 pupils. T h e following are the n a m e s of the out-stations w h o se statistics Are included in those of the churches to which they belong : Arcot
has M an im ut th n and Eranthangal; Arnee has Servoor, Malliarapet,. Pudupakan, Parachoor, Sandavasal, Tachambady, Maritambady, Tindivanum, Nnngatoor, Adanur, O ratur; Gnanodiam has Aurunadu,. Sirndalambandi, Paryantangle, Kirkalur; Chittoor has BomroaiS a m n d r a m , K o n a y Palli, N a n a m Palli; Coonor has Kotagherri Palamanair has A r u n o d i a ; Vellore has Oudranthangal, Sbekadu,. Vannumpally.
STATE OF T HE CHURCHES. A ROOT.
Rev. S. D. Scudder, M.D., in charge of Dispensary and Hospital;' Rev. J o h n Scudder, M. D., in charge of the Church; Mrs. S. D Scudder and Mrs. Joh n Scudder, Assistant Missionaries. Joseph, J o h n Silas, Assistant Catechists; Job, Reader; Peter,. Reader and Teacher in Preparandi School; Isaac, Teacher ; Paul,.
Tract Colporteur. Rev. Joh n Scudder writes as follows: Although a n u m b e r of families left us with the departure of the1st Light Cavalry, still there has been an increase of 14 in the c o n gregation. T h e increase is owing mostly to those w h o have joined* us from heathenism and R omanism. Four persons have been addedto the church on confession of their faith, and one has been received, by certificate from another church ; but notwithstanding these addi tions, the n u m b e r of communicants is three less than last year.. D e a t h has removed one, w e trust, to the church triumphant. Onehas been suspended for immoral conduct, and six have been dismis sed to other chinches, m ak i n g a loss of eight, which leaves the pre sent n u m b e r 39. Nothing of very special interest has occurred dur ing the year. T h e congregation have been regular in their attend ance at divine service, and m a n y of the m have, I trust, g r o w n im Christian graces. T h e y have contributed freely from their poverty to benevolent objects, having given during the year R upees 93-5-0 This is an advance on last year. It has been m y privilege to baptize15 adults and 5 infants. M a n y of the adults are m e m b e r s of thePreparandi School, who, a short time previous, were worshipping, idols a nd false gods, but n o w are followers of the Saviour. T h e usu al services have been maintained in the church, beside t w o prayermeetings held at the houses of the different m e m b e r s of the congre
gation. A prayer-meeting for the w o m e n has also been held, w hi ch is conducted alternately b y Mrs. S. D. Scudder and Mrs. J oh n S c u d der. Daily prayers are held in the c o m p o u n d of the Missionary, after which m a n y of the w o m e n are instructed in the Catechism. T h e whole congregation is catechized every Sabbath after morning service. Vernacular School.— There are at present 26 scholars. T h e y are examined weekly by Mrs. S. D. Scudder. Manimuttu. — T h e n u m b e r of Catechumens at this institution is the s a m e as last year. T h e y have been instructed daily in the rudi ments of Christianity. M a n y promise to join their number, but lack courage to take the final step. T h e school is very small. T h e peo ple worship at Arcot on the morning of the Sabbath, a nd have a ser vice in their o w n village in the afternoon, Eranthangal .— This village has recently joined us. T h e y have been considering the subject for years, a nd have at last rejected their idols and allied themselves to the L o r d ’s people. Seven families, composed of 13 adults and 16 children, have put themselves under our instruction, arnee.
Rev. Joseph Mayou, Missionary. Mrs. Mayou, Assistant Mission . Paul Bailey, V. Thomas, Daniel, Simon, P. H. Joseph, Catechists. P. Joshua, A. Anthony, A. Solomon, Assistant Catechists. Michael, J oh n Joseph, Nithian, M. David, S o l o m o n Havildar, Readers. Fran cis, Charles, Benjamin, S i m o n Martin, P. David, C. Barnabas, Aaron Peter, Nathaniel, Nicholas, Ayasami, Teachers. Allappan, Manuel, Y e d a m a n i k a m , Zachariah Souri, Colporteurs. T h e report of Arnee includes that of the organized churches of Aliandal, Yellarabi, Modur, and the out-stations, Malliampett, P ud upakam, Parachoor, Sandavasal, Tavuni, T a c ha mb ad y, Maritambady, Tindivanum, Nungatoor, Adadur, a n d Oratur.
Mr. M a y o u reports: M y supervision extends over three distinct sections, viz.: Arnee, G nanodiam, and Tindivanum, embracing 21 congregations, situated in seven Talooks (counties), hence it is evident that the field is too great to be successfully m a n a g e d by one Missionary. D ur in g the past year a kind Providence has given us health a nd strength to labor continuously.
T h e results of the past year are as follows : It has been m y privi lege to baptize 34 infants, and, on confession of their faith in the L o r d Jesus, 34 adults, 18 deaths have occurred, viz.: 7 adults and 11 children. A church has been organized at Modur. A pastor has been installed over the C hu rc h of G na no di am . Eight churches and school houses have been built. There has been a gain of over 200 from R o m a n i s m and heathenism. Small congregations have been gathered in six villages, and beginnings m a d e in several others. B e side the multifarious duties belonging to the different congregations, I have engaged in six tours a m o n g the heathen, in w h i ch w e ‘m a d e 21 encampments, visited 601 villages, preached to 24,799 people, a n d distributed 1,974 books. T h e native assistants report that they have preached in 861 places to 22,760 people, and distributed 340 books. These efforts have been m a d e a m o n g all classes of the peo ple, from the highest to the lowest. T h e results are yet to come. G o d will bless His W o r d . There are m a n y difficulties attending the reception of the Gospel by the poor. It entirely severs t h e m from their heathen neighbors, so that in a time of trouble they can obtain no help. T h e year has been a hard one for our people ; they have m a n a g e d to live, and that is all. T h e continual scarcity of rain has produced want bordering at times on starvation. S o m e of the villages have barely been kept from disintegration, a n d as the present season is of the s am e trying character, I fear they will not be able to endure the continual drought, but be compelled to scatter to other villages to seek a live lihood. T h e n e w congregation of T a c h a m b a d y have given us m u c h satis faction notwithstanding the violent persecution they have suffered. B y their patience they will conquer. I m u s t again call attention to the pressing negd of a Missionary for Tindivanum, the natural centre of the 'north-eastern section of the South Arcot District. T h e advantages of the place were dwelt u p o n in last year’s report. T h e field has opened up during the year, and w e have been invited to a n u m b e r of places arouud Nungatoor, a cen tre of R o m a n i s m . T h e R o m a n Catechist of the place, w h o had charge of over 60 villages, has with others joined us, a nd his example will probably be followed by many. T h e elder brother of A. Anthony, bur first convert from South Arcot, is one of the number, a nd has, in consequence, been beaten by his father, although he is a m a n over
40 years of age. His wife and children have been taken from him, a n d he has been driven from his house. T h e y have all been cut off from fire and water, and have .been de prived of the services of the village washerman. These persecutions they have all joyfully borne for the truth of G o d ’s W o r d , a n d have thereby led others to consider the tyrannical system pursued b y the R o m i s h Church. W e have appointed a Catechist at Nungatoor, a nd an Assistant Catechist at Adanur, a village 10 miles south of Nungatoor, but are unable at present to m a n other places which call for instruction for lack of helpers. T h e whole section of the coun try is a very hopeful one, but needs the constant presence and at tendance of a Missionary. Rev. J o h n Scudder, M.D., a nd myself spent three weeks in the region around Nungatoor visiting the vil lages, a nd preaching the W o r d and conversing with m a n y w h o - c a m e to our tent. W e were m u c h pleased with the hopefulness of the field, and have no doubt that a large n u m b e r of Romanists and heathen would flock to the banner of the Cross if it could be w or k e d persistently by a Missionary with a few goo d assistants. I trust that the Mission and the B o a r d will soon see their w a y to place a Mis sionary at Tin di va nu m to w o r k the whole field. I w ou ld especially notice that the church of Vellambi, which was under a cloud last year b y the bad conduct of several of its members, has m a d e laudable efforts to r edeem its character. Its m e m b e r s have been orderly and obedient, and the fruit of it is seen in the in crease of the congregation as well as in the membership. A s I write this report the last t wo of the Romanists have given u p their o pp o sition and have joined us, and in proof of their sincerity they have brought to us the images they formerly used to worship. I learn it w as hard for t h e m to give up these darling idols. Notwithstanding that the year has been a hard one in m a n y respects to our churches, I have still thankfully to acknowledge tliat they have increased in liberality. T h e churches under m y care have contributed to various purposes the s u m of Rupees 164.4.3 during the year. Mrs. M a y o u has superintended the schools around the station, has conducted the w o m e n ’s weekly prayer-meeting, a nd in m a n y and various w a y s consistent with family duties has enlarged her sphere of labor in behalf of the w o m e n , and has attended to m a n y duties during m y frequent absence from the station.
Rev. J. W . Scudder, M.D., Missionary.
Mrs. J. W . Scudder, A s
sistant Missionary. Israel, Isaac, Isaiah, Catechists. Isaac Henry, J o h n A br ah am , Assistant Catechists. Paul Silas, Isaac Lazar, Readers. Rev. J. W . Scudder reports : D ur in g the year nineteen persons have been received into this church. O f these twelve were admitted on confession of faith, six b y certificate from other churches, and the remaining one was re lieved from excommunication. Five persons have been r em ov ed b y death, a nd five have been dismissed by certificate to other churches. I have administered baptism to three adults and eleven children, and solemnized three marriages. T h e record of the year is, on the whole, gratifying. T h e addition to the church of twelve persons on confession of their faith in our Lord is certainly encouraging. Attendance on divine worship has been pretty regular, and the conduct of the church m e m b e r s such that no occasion of discipline has been given. These facts m a k e us thankful, and afford us n e w hope and spirit for the labors of another year. There have been t w o preaching services on the Sabbath, and a catechizing of the’whole congregation at the close of the'morning worship, also a lecture service on W e d n e s d a y evening. T w o prayer^ meetings a w e e k have been held in the houses of native Christians, and Mrs. Scudder has conducted a w o m e n ’s prayer-meeting every Thursday. T h e church has contributed : For the support of the Ministry a m o n g themselves, Rupees 74.8.6 ; for benevolent purposes at h o m e and abroad, R upees 123.7.6 ; total Rupees, 198.0.0. This is an in crease of m o r e than 20 Rupees upon the contributions of last year. Out-Stations.— In B o m m a i - S a m u d r a m , about twelve miles south of Chittoor, four persons with their families placed themselves under in structions in February last. T w o of these relapsed into heathenism. T h e others have stood fast, though exposed to m u c h obloquy and persecution. In D ec ember, three m o r e families joined us. T h e Catechist, w h o has resided here eight months, reports a favorable prospect of further additions. K o n a y Palli is a village four mi'es southwest of Chittoor. In M a r c h last, four heads of families sought for Christian instruction.
In a m o n t h or two after one was brought very low with fever. It w a s regarded as a punishment for forsaking his gods, and h e with a comrade wen t back to heathenism. O n e has lately rejoined us. N a n a m p a l l i .— T his village is three miles east of Chittoor. Four families have joined us here during the year. T h e people are ex tremely ignorant as in all these villages. W e have simply a foot hold here, but the Gospel will enlighten and elevate. Schools— W c have t wo day schools, one for boys and one for girls. T h e death of one teacher about the middle of the year c o m pelled m e to unite the schools. T h e attendance has been fair, and the scholars have passed creditable weekly examinations before Mrs. Scudder.
There are 49 scholars. COONOOR.
Rev. Zechariah John, Native Pastor. Yesadian, Catechist. Maleappan, Peader. Massilamani, Teacher. T h e Rev. Z. J o h n reports: Eight have been received on certificate, and five on confession of their faith; two suspended m e m b e r s have been restored, five have been dismissed to other churches, two have died, a nd two have been suspended. Eight adults and eighteen children have been baptized. O n e adult a nd t wo children of the congregation have died. T h e Sabbath service has been regularly maintained. A weekly prayer-meeting has been held at the houses of the members. T h e houses of the foreign residents have been visited, a nd the G o s pel has been preached to the servants. W e have also preached at the weekly bazaar to the heathen. ' T h e L or d has not left us without signs of his approbation. Three families, comprising six adults, have joined ns from a m o n g the heathen, and t w o catechumens have been received into the Church. There is a m o v e m e n t amongst the heathen of this place. T h e y lis ten with m a r k e d attention, a nd see m at times under deep impres sions. T h o u g h mos t of the m e m b e r s of this C hu r c h are poor, yet they have not slackened their benevolent exertions. T h e y have contribu ted : T o w a r d s the support of their pastor, Rup ee s 166.8.0. A t S a b bath and Sacramental collections, Rupees 57.6.8. Rice given b y fe male members, R upees 22.2.4. Total, Rupees 246. T h e last item needs explanation. T h e w o m e n set apart a handful of rice from their daily portions, and on the Sabbath day they bring the gathered
quantity to the Church, and give it to the Lord. This rice has been sold for Rupees 22.2.4. This is done with hearty gladness' b y the women. J wish to mention in this connection with grateful thanks the kindness of Major and Mrs. Sweet to m e personally. T h e y called on m e and inquired into m y circumstances. Finding I was in debt R u pees 20, they kindly paid it. It seemed to m e like a gift from heaven to remove a burden that was oppressing me. Another g e n tleman w as also very kind to me. . The School.— O u r d ay school is prospering, and has an attend ance of 27 children. Although C oo no or is a small place, quite a n u m b e r of schools have been established in it, and have d r a wn a w a y s o m e of our children. A n English school was opened, and s o m e of our boys wished to attend it.; I therefore arranged to have a little English taught in our school. Messrs. Sweet, Thacker, and Wilkin son gave m e Rupees 38 for the school, and the boys have paid nearly Rup ee s 7 beside. I examine the school every Monday. K o t a g h e r r i .— Johnson, Assistant Catechist. „ This out-station h a d last year only 13 attendants on Christian worship. During this year there has been a gain of eleven. A building suited both for divine service and for a day school has been erected. T h e Missionaries w h o have visited Coonoor, a nd myself,' have at least once a month, and sometimes twice, visited Kotagher ri, and examined the school. T w o adults and three children have been baptized. T h e Catechist has preached the Gospel in the weekly bazaars, and in the tow n to m a n y heathen souls. I have preached to large gath erings, and distributed a m o n g t h e m m a n y tracts and Scripture por tions. GNANODIAM.
Rev. A n d r e w Sawyer, Native Pastor. S amuel Sawyer, Assistant Catechist. Y. C. Thomas, Souriappan, Jacob Babu, Readers. K. Joshua, P. Isaac, Arokiam, J o h n Apavu, Joh n Arokiam, Teachers. K. Zechariah, Colporteur. Rev. A n d r e w S aw y e r reports : T w o services have been held on the L or d ’s day. Public prayers are held every evening, w h e n the saving truths of the Gospel have been m a d e known, and the congregation instructed and questioned respecting our Saviour’s life. •
T w o deaths have occurred during the year. H ouses of worship have been built, b y G o d ’s-favor, in each of the villages of G na no di am, Sattambady, and Arunadu. T h e Christian congregations at tached to this station are four in number.
Arunadu. — T h e people of this n e w village have heard the W o r d of G o d with eagerness, have forsaken the false ways in w hi ch they formerly trusted, have been instructed in the rudiments of Christian ity, and have daily been walking orderly. Three families, having been instructed in the elements of Christian doctrine, upo n confession of their faith, were baptized a nd received to the Lor d ’s Supper. A few families are still under instruction for baptism. T h e congregation is regularly instructed on the Sabbath and at evening prayers. Sattambady .— Divine worship is conducted both mor ni n g and evening of the Sabbath, and evening prayers during the week. A weekly prayer-meeting for w o m e n is kept up. T h e Gospel is preach ed as m u c h as possible a m o n g the surrounding villages. Sirudalabuncli.— Religious services are conducted a nd instruction given as in the other villages. A few families have forsaken Christi anity and have gone back to heathenism. Still three families of b e lievers have been instructed a n d baptized and received into the church.' T h e Gospel has been m a d e k n o w n to the neighboring vil lages. Pariantangle.— Divine service a nd instruction the s am e as in the other villages. A few persons have been baptized and admitted to the Lord’s Supper. A few are still under instruction. Another con gregation in the village of Kirkaloor has been received under Chris tian instruction, a nd a Christian Reader and a schoolmaster have been sent a m o n g t h e m to instruct them. T h e congregation n u m bers 63. T w o other villages near this one are talking of joining us soon. MUDNAPILLT.
Rev. J. Chamberlain, M.D., Missionary. Mrs. Chamberlain, A s P. Souri, Catechist. Rayal, Assistant Catechist.
sistant Missionary. Anthony, Teacher.
Rev. J. Chamberlain writes :
I have been a w a y from here on tours and in evangelistic w o r k at . out-stations altogether 122 days during the year. T h e native help-
ers and myself have preached in 1,601 different towns a nd villages to 20,012 people. In m o r e than half of these villages it was the first sowing of the seed. In nearly all of the villages w e have visited w e have been politely received and willingly listened to. I r e m e m b e r but one m a r k e d exception. • T h e Christian congregation has increased during the year from 43 to 50. It has been m y privilege to baptize eight adults, formerly heathen, on confession of their faith in Christ, and six children. T w o have been received into the church b y confession, and three b y cer tificate from other churches, but this increase has been partially counterbalanced b y the removal of s o m e of our former m e m b e r s to other places. T w o of the adults have died since their baptism, both rejoicing in Christ as their Saviour. There are six villages about us in which a n u m b e r of persons have declared their full intention to b e c o m e Christians, and apparently they are in earnest; but none can as yet s u m m o n the courage to take the decisive step. . ' . Medical W o r k .— W hi le kept in m y tent during the m o n t h s of April and M a y by the heat, I devoted m y energies in a great measure to medical work, opening m y dispensary every Mon da y, W e d n e s d a y , and Friday morning, and receiving all w h o c a m e for medical or sur gical aid. D uring the latter m o n t h m y average n u m b e r of patients w a s about 50, while the average n u m b e r of those present at the re ligious exercises preceding the giving out of medicines w as over 60, and a n u m b e r of times 75 and 80 were present. PALAMANAIR.
Rev. J. Chamberlain, Jr., M.D., in charge. J o h n Hill, Catechist. Samuel Seth, Teacher.
Mr. Chamberlain writes: . I have resided here with m y family for five m o n t h s of the year. T w o tours and a part of another have been m a d e in this region. W e have visited every village above the ghauts within 10 miles of Palamanair. In several villages are s o m e w h o express the desire to b e c o m e Christians. T h e Catechist has pursued a systematic visita tion of the villages within three miles of the town. A r o n o d a y a — Out-Station.— This infant congregation has passed through a-series of temporal reverses. C ro p after crop failed t h e m in consequence of the severe drought prevalent in this region, and
h a d it not been for aid kindly rendered by Government, in the w a y of digging a well and m a k i n g roads u po n w hich they could obtain work, they must have been reduced to starvation. T h e rains of October have now, however, given t h e m brighter prospects. There has been, I hope, a growth a m o n g the people in spiritual k no wledge during the year under review. There are n o w six candi dates under instruction for admission to the L o r d ’s table, and three others are asking for baptism. Their progress, temporal, a n d spir itual, may, I think, be considered as on the whole satisfactorv. •VELLORE.
Rev. W . W . Scudder, D.D., Rev. E. C. Scudder, (in the United States), Missionaries. Mrs. W . W . and E. C. Scudder, Assistant M is sionaries. A b r a h a m William, P. Jaganathan, Masillamani, Catechists. Gnanaparanum, Assistant Catechist. Peter, Sol om on A b r a h a m , Teachers. . Rev. Dr. William W . Scudder reports : T h e total of the congregation shows a falling off of forty-three souls. This has been not due to a falling back into heathenism. These persons have left Vellore, and are, therefore, stricken from our list. M a n y of t h e m were connected with the 6th Reg. Native Infantry. T h e n u m b e r of communicants, however, has iucreased. D uring the year, 18 persons have been received to the c o m m u n ion of the church; 7 of t h e m on confession, and 11 on certificate. Three communicants have been transferred to other churches, and nine having left Vellore have been dropped from our list. Seven children and t w o adults have been baptized. Three adult m e m b e r s of the congregation have died. T h e a m o u n t contributed for benevolent purposes b y the native m e m b e r s of the congregation is R upees 182.0.5. This shows a c o m mendable increase over the contributions for 1867, and it gives us great pleasure to record this evidence that the spirit of benevolence is being cultivated and enlarged in our-church. There have been t wo services held every Sabbath and one every Saturday in the church. Several weekly prayer meetrngs have been sustained in the private dwellings of the congregation, and a female prayer meeting, under the charge of Mrs. Scudder, has been held every Tuesday afternoon at the Mission house. T h e wife of one of the Catechists has been e mp loyed throughout the year as a Bible Reader. C
. rum "
There are t w o parochial schools connected with this station. ‘T h e one for boys Has 4 9 naines bn its roll. This school is taught ‘‘b y one of the graduates of our seminary, a nd the children have m a d e c o m m e n d a b l e progress in their studies. T h e school for girls ;has 18 n a m e s on its catalogue. I a m sorry that Mrs. Scudder is obliged to report that the scholars have not advanced in their stud‘ies as they should have done. A slight i mp rovement has latterly !talcen place, but the state of the school is still far from satisfactory. Unless a decided change for the better’ manifests itself, it will be•come necessary to seek for a m o r e efficient teacher. R o t h schools have been examined almost every w e e k b y Mrs. Scudder.
Street preaching in Vellore a n d its vicinity, and also in the vil lages surrounding the outskirts, has been regularly maintained. 1y a t t u p a d i .— Out-Station.— Jacob Ragi, Assistant Oatechist. Jno.
K a r u b a m , Colporteur.
D uring the year t w o communicants have r e m ov ed from the place _ _ one has been suspended a n d one died— leaving the present n u m ber of communicants thirteen. Twelve m e m b e r s of the congrega tion having gon e elsewhere to reside, have been stricken from the roll. Seventeen persons have been a dd ed to the congregation. T w o Sabbath services and one weekly prayer meeting have been sustained throughout the year.
T h e day school num be r s twenty-five children, w h o c o m e to Vel lore occasionally to be examined. . T h e w o r k at this out-station is on the whole encouraging. Sev enteen persons have placed themselves under Christian instruction, a n d there is g oo d reason to h op e for still greater increase. K
a n d i p a t u b ,a
Church.— V. Yesadian, Catechist. Moses, Colpor-
■'teur. There is very little to report in regard to this out-station. T h e n u m b e r of communicants remains the same, there having been neitheir additions nor losses. O n e m e m b e r of the congregation has died, and four have left the place. O n e n e w m e m b e r has been added ‘to the congregation. _ T w o services o n the Sabbath a n d daily prayers have been held in the church throughout the year, a nd the congregation have been regularly instructed in the catechism. A weekly female prayer meeting has also been maintained. R up ee s 16.3.5 have been con-
tribnted to benevolent purposes. T h e L o r d ’s Supper has been.ad.ministered three times during the year. ' T h e day school num be rs 19 children, w h o have been instructed •chiefly b y the Catechist’s wife. T h e attendance has not, however, ibeen as regular as is desirable. ' S h e k a d u .—
Out-Station.— Samuel, Munian, Colporteur.
Jeba G n a n a m ,
Last year this congregation was mentioned as one which h ad re•cently joined us. T h e n u m b e r of adherents was then 42. .1 a m •sorry to say that several of these have relapsed into heathenism. T h e y were exposed to m a n y trials and temptations, and were not able to withstand the pressure. O n e household, after leaving us for a time, placed themselves again under instruction, and a n e w household n um bering five souls has joined the congregation. T h e persons n o w constituting the congregation s ee me d to be firmly established in the Christian faith, and a n u m b e r of t h e m are anxious to be re ceived to the ordinances of the Church.
T h e day school has an attendance of 21 children. e n n a m p a l l y .— Out-Station.— Israel, Teacher.
This congregation renounced heathenism a nd placed themselves under our instruction about nine m o n t h s since. T h e y have thus far remained steadfast in their determination to be Christians, a n d have m a d e c om m e n d a b l e progress in Scripture knowledge. W e trust their numbers will increase during, the c o m i n g year, a nd that w e m a y soon have the privilege of organizing a church of G o d in their village. A small school of nine scholars has been opened. T h e ■teacher does not confine his labors to.the school, but carries the gos pel message to the surrounding villages. O n d r a n t h a n g a l .—
Out-Station.— Solomon, Teacher.
This also is a congregation which has been gathered during the year. T h e persons constituting it have long been considering the claims of Christianity, and have on several previous occasions been almost ready to join us. T h e y have c o m e at last, a nd w e trust they m a y have faith to continue in the faith. A school has been estab lished in their village, and numbers 19 scholars. T h e teacher has recently c o m m e n c e d visiting the surrounding villages for the pur pose of preaching to the heathen, and reports 244 as constituting the audiences addressed. . •
A spirit of inquiry seems to be a wa ke n ed in m a n y villages ad
joining Vellore, and w e have reason to hope for large accessions tO' our number. M a y the L o r d give ns an abundant harvest of souls. It is for this w e look and labor and pray. THE PKKPARANDI SCHOOL.
This institution, Rev. Joh n Scudder reports, has been in a flour ishing condition during the larger part of the year. A t the time o f our last report it contained but nine students, there are n o w twentyseven. Thirty-four have been connected with it during the year. O f these, two have been sent to the Arcot Seminary, one hasbeen sent out as a colporteur, and four have returned to their friends,, leaving the present n u m b e r twenty-seven. All the m e m b e r s of this institution have c o m e to us from heathenism or R o m a n i s m , and are of various castes. T h e y have m a d e c o m m e n d a b l e progress in their studies, and n o w w e are about to send five of t h e m to the Arcot Seminary. T h e y recite their lessons to Mrs. Scudder, four times a week. Peter, a native helper, is their regular teacher. T e n of the present n u m b e r have been introduced" into the visible church b y baptism. GIRLS SEMINARY.
Mr. Cumine, Teacher.
Isaac Henry, Assistant Teacher.
Lackey, Matron. Rev. J. W . Scudder reports :
It gives m e pleasure to report* this institution as generally pros perous throughout the year. T h e n u m b e r of scholars is forty-six. Their health and comfort have been greatly promoted by their occu pancy of the spacious and well-ventilated seminary building c o m pleted last year. T h e usual course of study has been steadily pur sued and the girls have m a d e c o m m e n d a b l e progress. Mr. C u mine, the teacher, has, I regret to say, been prevented by illnessfrom attending to his duties for nearly three out of the twelve months, but w e have tried, not without success, I hope, to m a k e u p for any deficiency that m ig ht have been expected to result from his absence. Mrs. scudder has devoted m u c h time and attention to the institution, and the matron, Mrs. Lackey, has, as usual, been a mother to the girls. A b o u t R upees 120 have, during the year, been realized by the sale of crochet work, all of it the product of the scholars’ industry. T w o girls have been married to graduates of the Arcot seminary, and are n o w located with their husbands in
their'fields of labor. T h e mos t gratifying event of the year in con nection with this seminary is, that eight of the older girls have ■given themselves to the Saviour, a nd b e c o m e m e m b e r s of His church. There has been a goo d deal of religious feeling a m o n g all the scholars, evinced b y a- love of the Scriptures and of prayer, for which.we feel deeply grateful to our Heavenly Father. M a y H e ■bring all these little ones within His fold 1 A t the close of last year, I appealed for pecuniary aid towards the furnishing of the school-room with desks and other necessary appa: ratus. A part of the s u m required has been subscribed in America, and one or t w o promises have been m a d e in this country. I trust I shall be able to report, at the close of next year that our wants in this respect have all been m e t a nd removed. AKCOT SEMINARY.
Rev. S. Ettiragooloo, H e a d Master. Zachariah, Third Master.
Moses Nathaniel, Second
Rev. W . W . Scudder, D.D., w h o is in charge of this institution, writes: It gives us great pleasure to report the completion of the Arcot Seminary Buildings. Hitherto the lads have been kept in g o d o w n s a nd out-houses, and have suffered in m a n y respects for want of suit.able accommodation. N o w they have a large a nd comfortable building, a mply sufficient to a c c o m m o d a t e 80 or 100 boarders. In teresting exercises were held, on the 2 3 d of December, w h e n the buildings were solemnly dedicated to the service of God, a n d then •occupied b y the lads. These buildings, together with the Mission house and surrounding compounds, have been secured at a cost of .about Rupees 19,000. Truly the L or d has been very goo d in grant ing us the m e a n s to accomplish this mos t important object. O u r grateful thanks are also m o s t cordially tendered to our A me ri ca n churches for so liberally supplying the m o n e y for this purpose.
T h e Seminary having been left almost wholly in the charge of Mr. Ettiragooloo for the past year, he has, at m y request, drawn u p the t •following report: • T h e object of this institution has been from the first to train up y o u n g m e n for the L o r d ’s service. Secular studies are attended to » •only as a stimulus to help forward the intellect to grasp m o r e firmly fhe truths of'the Gospel, and wield t h e m skilfully against heathen, M a h o m e d a n , and Popish errors.
T H e n u m b e r of lads at the beginning of 'the year was fifty. O f J tKese, six graduated, and are n o w employed in the Mission field asteachers and preachers. T h e Lor d is blessing our Mission very largely, a nd the cry for m o r e helpers is daily reaching us from va rious quarters. W e have heard with pleasure that the y o u n g m e n sent out of the Seminary have really a heart for the work, and zeal ously preach the Gospel to the heathen. D ur in g the early part of the year a student of the first class, S am ue l David, died of consumption. H e was a quiet and well-be haved lad, and w e hop e that he sought the Lor d on his bed of sick ness a nd found H i m . Four lads w h o left the school without per mission have not been re-admitted; three have remained at h o m e on account of sickness, and one has been suspended for dishonesty. In the course of the year, 12.n e w scholars have been received intothe seminary. W e have at present 47 pupils.
There have usually been three classes; a special class has been a dd ed which deserves notice. G r o w n people often cast in their lotwith us. O w i n g to their age, the Mission has judged it wise togive s o m e of t h e m a partial course of study, and w h e n found c o m petent to employ t h e m in the less responsible duties of the Mission.. This class has at present four members. Instruction is given in the Seminary, in the Tainil,0Telugu and Sanscrit languages; in spelling, reading, grammar, geography,, arithmetic, algebra, geometry, history, astronomy, moral science,, a n d theology. T h e lads have established a m o n g themselves a discussion class,, a n d w h e n they mee t they read short essays written b y themselveso h Scripture subjects, and close the meetings with singing and prayer. .
' T h e exercises of the Seminary always begin with the reading of the S'cfiptures, singing and prayer, and close with singing a nd the bene diction. T h e students hold daily meetings a m o n g themselves for reading and prayer before going to bed. T h e Mission has very gen erously h a d th'e lads instructed in Tamil singing. O n Saturdays, m a n y of t h e m go out in groups to the nearest vil-lages, and' have preached during the year in 63 villages to 4,481 people, delivered 116 addresses, and distributed 70* portions' of'Scripture and" Tracts. Besides these, the six graduates during the first three mon th s of the year accompanied the Catechists and Read-* ers, and preached the Gospel to hundreds.' T h e y have'made the:‘
F O R E I G N MISSIONS.
excellent. Bazaar B o o k their model. T h e y studied it during the ^ week, and on. Saturdays gave the truths out fresh from their m e m ory. A t times they have h a d intense and soul-stirring discussions, hut our space will not permit us to give specimens. A n hour and' a-half is devoted every S u n d a y to test whether they have been at tending to the sermon in the church, a nd they are then instructed in the Hcidleberg Catechism and Pilgrim’s Progress. “During the year one of the students w as baptized and five admit ted into /the full c o m m u n i o n of the church. MEOICAL REPORT.
Rev. S. D. Scudder, M.D., in charge of Dispensary and Hospital. Mrs. Scudder, Assistant Missionary. S amuel Yeragoo, Dresser. A b r a m Muni, S o l o m o n Aranachalcm, Theraparanum, Medical Stu
dents. Dr. Scudder writes as follows : T h e w o r k in the Dispensary and Hospital has been conducted very m u c h in the s a m e m a n n e r as in former years, save that it has been on a larger scale. A t the close of last year the n u m b e r o f ‘patients was steadily increasing, and w e were hopeful that it w ould so continue. O u r hopes have not been disappointed, as the follow ing figures will show. T h e whole n u m b e r of patients, n e w and old, treated last year, w as 15,507, giving a daily average of 42. This year the whole n u m b e r treated w as 33,170, giving a daily average of 91. This, it m us t be remembered, is the grand total, counting the attendance of each day through the year, together with the n u m b e r of in-patients, 12,000 — the average of the former being 58, a n d of the latter 33. 10,920' patients were dieted, and 1,080 not dieted, that is, supplied t h e m selves with food while in Hospital. T h e n u m b e r of entirely n e w cases treated was 5,353; of these, 4 0 0 belong to the Hospital, a nd 4,953 to the out-patients. T h u s it will be seen that our w o r k has m o r e than doubled. This fact is a source of great satisfaction to us. VVhen the’subject of the G ov er nm en t closing their Dispensary, and giving over the district to us was being canvassed, it was urged b y some, that as w e w er e M i s sionaries a nd our mai n object was the evangelization of the peoplej w e could never succeed; that the prejudices of the inhabitants were! against us, that they could not and would not. c o m e freely, that the-
daily preaching of the Gospel alone w ould be a hydia in the way, ■and that, therefore, the policy of giving over the district to ns was •one which could never r e c o m m e n d itself to the Government. T h e "Government, however, took the risk, and the success of the Institu tion, through G o d ’s goodness, is the answer. W e glory in publish ing that the Gospel is preached in our Dispensary: that to the high a n d the low, the rich and the' poor, to all w h o come, the plain, sim ple story of Christ’s love to the fallen is told, a n d the truths of sal vation urged. Every morning, before the general w o r k is under taken, and as soon as the benches are filled, a portion of G o d ’s w o r d is read, the great message of our Lord m a d e known, and the great Physician of the soul, as well of the body, pointed out. W e rejoicei too, in saying that w e have yet to meet our first opponent, yet to hear of a ny w h o would not enter the doors through fear of the preaching. T h e truth is always m a d e k n o w n kindly and in love, a n d the people are beginning to understand our motives and our aims. T h e y do not fear us. T h e y c o m e to us freely, Missionaries though w e are; they hear our words, if not with belief, with see m ing eagerness, and receive portions of Scripture a nd other books with avidity, very often of themselves asking for them. Mission dispensaries wherever established speak for themselves. A s a rule, they are most successful, the people c o m e to t h e m most freely, ,in the largest numbers, and, w e ,m a y say, with very little prejudice. T h e glory is all of God. • THE FUNDS.
T h r o u g h all the last year the G ov er nm en t gave us monthly, R u pees 193 ; but a short time since, the allowance has been cut d o w n to 172 Rupees a month. W e have never heard the reason for thus decreasing our funds. It will m a k e a difference of five or six pa tients to us. W e shall be obliged to keep so m a n y less. O u r building is large enough. W e can a c c o m m o d a t e from 60 to 80 in patients, and w e would have t h e m could w e admit them. There are m a n y poor, diseased, miserable creatures ready to k n o c k at our doors for admission. T h e y are worthy of our charity and aid.
, W e have received s o m e donations A considerable s u m has also been received for medical services, which was credited to the dis pensary fund. It will scarcely be credited that the largest s u m of m o n e y received this year, as a donation, was from a native gentle man. Y. Lutchmia Naidoo, the Tahsildar of this district, has from
the first been a true friend to the dispensary. In the early part o f J the year, hearing that w e were in want of a clock, he generously gave 35 R upees to purchase one. Again, hearing that w e were in need of n e w hospital bedding, he at once donated 100 R upees for the.purpose, adding at the s am e time 50 R upees in aid of our poor Christian villagers, w h o were suffering^ through the failure of their crops. W e have but one regular subscriber, our kind friend, F. H. Wilkinson, Esq., the head Assistant Collector of the district, w h o gives us 20 Rupees each month.. . DISPENSARY AND HOSPITAL ACCOUNT.
W h o l e cost for the year. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rs. 6,172 Received from the G o v e r n m e n t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2,190 “ for medical services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 360 “ Colonel Shnbrick, donation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 “ J. Thacker, Esq,, “ .............. 25 “ J. Lee Warner, Esq., “ 25 “ A. R. Hutchings, “ “ 50 “ Lutchmia Naidoo, “ 135 “ Mrs. W . G. B e v a n “ 30 “ . J. Corbett, Esq., “ 46 “ F. H. Wilkinson, Esq., ............... 40 “ Rev. B. J. Sayres, collection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 “ Medicines, stores, etc., sold. . . . . . . . . . . . 90 T h e difference, about 3,000 R upees or $1,500, gold, was paid from the treasury of the Board. M edical Students .— There are three, viz: A b r a m Muni, S o l o m o n Aranachalem, Thevaparanum. O f t h e m Dr. Scudder writes: “ In mos t things our y o u n g m e n have given us satisfaction. T h e y have progressed in their studies, a dd ed largely to their practical k n o w l edge in the various departments of medicine and surgery, a nd are able to diagnose and prescribe for general diseases. T h e want of a knowledge of English is, however, a great a n d serious d ra wback to t h e m ; one against which, it is rather discouraging to t h e m to feel they m u s t constantly struggle. T h e y will gain a g o o d medical edu cation w e believe, if they steadily improve their opportunities, but it will take a longer time than if they h a d been previously in structed in English. In prospect, however, there is great encourage m e n t for them. O u r friend a n d medical brother, Dr. S. F. Green, of
Jaffna, is pursuing with ardor his noble w o r k of, translating , and;,, publishing a list of no less than thirteen medical a nd surgical text „ hooks. H e has been laboring hard the past year to bring ,out a y w o r k on surgery of about 6 0 0 pages, a nd was so kind as to send it to us, in portions, as fast as it w a s printed. M o s t heartily d o w e thank him. W e are also indebted to h i m for other works.” Surgical Operations.— Thesg have a mo un te d to about 500, rang ing from the m os t simple to amputations, the cure of c o m p o u n d frac tures, and the removal of a portion of the lower jaw. . C onclusion .— Dr. Scudder m a k e s this appeal: W e w ould conclude by again thanking our friends for all their sympathy, prayers, subscriptions, and donations, and b y earnestly requesting their renewed and larger aid. W e need m o r e means. W e are working for the Lord, a nd w e believe that w e can extend the w o r k by giving help to a larger n u m b e r of patients. O u r building is large a nd can a cc o m m o d a t e sixty (60) patients with ease. There are those w h o are very needy, and w h o cry out to us.- Shall w e refuse t h e m ? It will alone be for the want of m e a n s if w e d o ! W e be lieve that the medical w o r k is doing great g o o d a m o n g the people of this country. It is breaking d o w n m a n y of their prejudices, and leading t h e m to give up their bigoted 'belief in their o w n foolish, false, a nd superstitions systems. Yea r by year they trust m o r e and m o r e in our treatment, and this is drawing t h e m closer to us. If this were all, it would be worth the working,for. B u t it is not all. Besides ministering to their bodies, w e strive, as G o d has given us ability, to minister also to their souls, to labor for their eternal wel fare. Thousands upo n thousands of all classes hear the Gospel, re ceive portions of Scripture, a nd carry t h e m a w a y into their homes, far and near. T h e Lord, will always bless His preached w o r d ; will always care for the g oo d seed sown. There have been m a n y inquir ers a m o n g our patients during the past year, and s o m e have ple dg ed . themselves to give up heathenism, to leave their evil w a y s a n d walk, in the path of truth. It is our duty then, as well as our joy, to go, on. with our work, to extend it as m u c h as w e can b y gathering in, a^ larger n u m b e r of the sick, the needy, a n d the dying, for b y thus d o ing w e shall advance the cause of "our glorious Master, the Great, Physician 1 W e ask, therefore, all who, are interested, in this, work,, to.,aid, us as, far as they are able. 1
3. T h e Ja p a n M ission. (Organized 1859.)
Missionaries at Yokohama.— Revs. S. R. Bro wn , D.D., J. H. Ballagh. Assistant Missionaries, Mrs. B r o w n and Mrs. Ballagh. A t Nagasaki.— Revs. G. F. V e r b e c k and H e n r y Stout. Assistant Missionaries, Mrs. Y er be c k and Mrs. Stout. All of the Missionaries attached to the station at Y o k o h a m a are n o w in this country. Rev. Mr. Ballagh e m b a r k e d for the United States early in 1869, and reached this city on February 13. D u r i n g the whole of 1868 Mr. Ballagh was our only representa tive at this station. A t present w e have no one there. Rev. J. H. Ballagh reports concerning the year ending D e c e m b e r 31, 1868, as follows : T h e service c o m m e n c e d and continued b y your Missionary from August, 1866, has during the past, as in the previous year, been held in Dr. H e p b u r n ’s dispensary. T h e Rev. D. T h o m p s o n , of the Pres byterian Board, and myself, have alternately conducted*the exercises. W o have occupied the time with prayer, reading of the Scriptures,! a n d a familiar exposition of s o m e selected portion of H o l y Writ. T h e average attendance has been from 15 to 20, several of the hear ers being attendants from the first, and, although of the c o m m o n peo ple, all s h o w m a r k e d progressein their knowledge and appreciation of a Scriptural truth. It w as m y joy a nd great privilege to baptize publicly t w o of m y pupils on the first Sabbath of February, 1868. T h e y are the per sons mentioned in last year’s report as prayerful students; of G o d ’s w o r d ; one of t h e m h ad at that time requested baptism, and the other i w a s the beloved pupil w h o gave instruction in English in a school at Yedo.
M u c h interest w as felt in the former of these y o u n g brethren, as he h a d to return to his o w n principality at the very time, w h e n all o f , the ofiScial class are compelled to register themselvesias adhering to» the ancient religion or as having b e c o m e Christians. [This regis tration is under the laws formed for the eradication of Christianity. H a d this y o u n g m a n reported- himself aj Christian, his life would, have been forfeited.] Great fears were consequently entertained for. the safety of the pupil, and m u c h prayer was- m a d e for h i m by hisi Christian brethren.. Providentially the registration was omitted thisj
year on account of the political difficulties in which the country has been involved, and our brother escaped. T h e other pupil happening to be on a visit to Y o k o h a m a , and're siding at m y house, at the time the baptism of the one already m e n tioned was to take place, asked as soon as he heard of it, “ W h a t hinders m e to be baptized also ?” I answered h i m as Philip did the eunuch. His examination, conducted before Dr. H e p b u r n and Rev. D. T h o mp so n, was most satisfactory. In order to m a k e their pro fession of faith as clear and instructive as possible to those witness ing it, I drew up a series of questions covering the vital truths of Christianity, and proposed them. T h e y gave very clear and satisfactory answers, and after a declara tion of their faith, and determination to continue therein, by the grace of God, “ till death,” they were baptized according to the n a m e s they have always borne, viz : Susuki Kwantchi and Ajiki Kejiro. T h e baptism was administered in the presence o’f a large n u m b e r of natives, and a few Christian brethren. A deep impression, w e felt, w as m a d e u po n all present, and especially on one of Mr. T h o m p son’s most hopeful pupils— the one w h o was imprisoned a year ago on account of the suspicion that he was a Christian— w h o said that he also wished to be baptized. Since then Mr. T h o m p s o n ’s teacher, a very scholarly a nd excellent man, has expressed his wish for the s am e ordinance. His request is the result of a serious consideration of the Saviour’s c o m m a n d at the close of the Gospel by Matthew, which Gospel he has several times translated. T h e old w o m a n , w h o has attended our service from its c o m m e n c e m e n t , expressed her sin cere joy that n o w Jesu K i m i (the Lor d Jesus) h a d disciples in Japan, w h o loved him, just as their teachers did. These brethren have worn well, attending the native service regu larly and being occasionally present at our English service, a nd have taken part in prayer whenever called on to do so. A n e w p o w e r in deed, w e feel) has been awakened, w h e n G o d is entreated by natives in their o w n tongue for the salvation of Japan. T h e w o r k of education that h ad been carried on b y Rev. D. T h o m p s o n a nd myself during the previous year, in private classes of from 20 to 40 pupils, w as continued until the scattering of our p u pils to their several provinces at the breaking out of the war,' and, as I had no suitable place for a school-room after the removal of the dispensary, I turned over m y remaining pupils to other missionary ■
brethren, under w h o se instruction they are m a k i n g g o o d progress. These pupils always c a m e to the Sabbath service for the natives, and several of t h e m were m e m b e r s of m y Japanese class in the Sabbath school. T h e w o r k of education has not been in vain. O u r pupils are to be found in nearly every part of the Empire, and in various parts of the Christian world. F r o m m a n y of t h e m w e receive fre quent and encouraging accounts. A s an indication of h o w important education in English is b e c o m ing, I m a y mention that the French Jesuit priests at Y o k o h a m a have c o m m e n c e d a school in their chapel. T h e y are not b ac kward in i m itating whatever they find to be successful in Protestant missionary operations. In like m a n n e r they have a flourishing S u n d a y school, in imitation of, and in opposition to our own. The English Service.— T h e regular observance of religious w o r ship and the preaching of the Gospel to the A me ri ca n and English c o m m u n i t y has been conducted by Rev. Mr. T h o m p s o n and myself at Dr. H e p b u r n ’s n e w dispensary room, or chapel. Latterly w e have been assisted by our newly-arrived brother, Rev. E. Corners, of the Presbyterian Board. T h e attendance has been good, a n d although w e have not been encouraged by any accessions by conversion, yet the simple maintenance of Christian worship and administration of G os pel ordinances are of very great importance in an eastern foreign community. T o not a few Christian visitors a nd seamen have these privileges been as an oasis in the desert. A Sabbath school for the English speaking children, c o m m e n c e d at the beginning of the year, in which all the Missionaries are en gaged, has proved entirely successful. Thirty to forty pupils have been gathered in, and while listening to their h a p p y voices singing the old familiar tunes, or w h e n hearing s o m e Sabbath school m a n addressing them, w h o m a y be passing this way, one can almost i m agine himself in the most highly favored Christian land. A mos t interesting feature of the school is the attendance of a class of J a p anese y o u n g men, a n d latterly of several little girls a n d their m o t h ers. T h e latter are distributed amo ng st the other scholars, and are learning to sing of Jesus and of heaven as heartily as any of their companions. Translation of the Bible.— T h e third and last revision, by the united labors of all the Missionaries at Y o k o h a m a , of the Gospel of ' Matthew, was completed in April, 1868, Dr. H e p b u r n has since m a d e a translation of .the Gospel b y John, and has undertaken a
further revision of 'Matthew. • Tt" is very m u c h to be regretted that liberty a n d opportunity have not been enjoyed b y your Missionaries to engage m o r e constantly in this work. T h e call for the Scriptures will soon be urgent, a n d the call for the proclamation of the Gospel equally so, a nd there will be no time to provide for these long pray ed for d e m a n d s unless well concerted measures are speedily adopted. ■ A neat Gothic chapel, or lecture-room, has been erected o n the lot assigned b y the Japanese G o v e r n m e n t to the R ef or m ed Church. This lot, heretofore held b y trustees, has been conveyed to the Board. .
T h e Rev. G. F. V er beck has continued to teach the G o v e r n m e n t school until the latter part of March, w h e n he was invited b y the Imperial G o v e r n me n t to m a k e Yedo, the eastern capital, his resi dence, a nd give" his assistance in forming a national University. T o this he has acceded, with the consent of the Board. D ur i n g the year Mr. Verbeck has h a d frequent interviews with m e n in high ofiBcial positions, which he has carefully improved to m a k e k n o w n the truths of Christianity. H e has been consulted by princes and their ministers, b y m e m b e r s of the Congress or Parlia- ment, and b y m a n y in subordinate positions, in regard to education ’al, religious, and even political questions. A short time before the *session of the Congress in April, 1868, t w o meetings of m e m b e r s on their w a y to M i a k o were held at Nagasaki, to which he w as specially ^ invited to give his views respecting the revision of the ancient con stitution. W i t h all these m e n he has pleaded for the removal of jthe restrictions u p o n the profession of Christianity, and for the es tablishment of religious freedom. M a n y have engaged to give their -influence to the attainment of this end. Beside this Mr. Ver be c k has h a d the joy of leading three con verts into the fold of Christ. Rev. H e n r y Stout was introduced b y the authorities to the posi tion vacated b y Mr. V e r be c k in the school at Nagasaki, in the latter part of March. T h e departure of Mr. V e r b e c k from Nagasaki was attended b y m a n y proofs of the esteem for h i m and his services, entertained by official men. T h e Governor, from his private purse, paid the cost of his removal to Yedo. Princes sent h i m presents of rare and curi ous articles, other m e n brought their gifts, and on every h a n d he w a s m e t with the expression of the regret felt at parting with him.
./■ .T > <fl*
F O R E I G N MISSIONS. III. C O N C L U S I O N .
It is plain from the preceding survey, that w e have prosperous Missions on which G o d smiles. T h e facts presented tend to form the conviction that a large ingathering of souls cannot be far distant. W e are encouraged to increase our prayers, our exertions, and'our *gifts. T h e present is no time to suggest a decrease of our appropri ations, or a contraction of our work. O n the contrary w e are in vited to a d d to the n u m b e r of our Missionaries a n d native pastors a n d helpers, to occupy n e w stations, to enlarge the circuit traversed b y our agents, to furnish greater facilities for the conduct of this di vinely appointed work. A debt indeed rests u p o n us, but it is the result of the prosperity a n d the consequent increased d e m a n d s of our work. W e thank G o d it is not the result of apathy or illiberality on the part of the churches, nor of the hopeless depression which bur dens the soul w h e n the Lor d withholds his blessing, but simply and only of the increased outlay d e m a n d e d b y success. It is only neces sary that the churches be m a d e to appreciate the promise of the p o sition to induce t h e m to supply every want. B y the Providence of G o d the nations are c om i n g into intimate relations. Steamships cross every ocean, a railway spans this con tinent, a canal will soon mingle the waters of the Mediterranean and R e d Sea. “ Cast ye u p a highway,” said the prophet, “ and gather out the stones.” W e live to see the king’s highway, to see m a n y hands removing the hindrances. W e have steam presses upon w hi ch to print the W o r d of Life, railways a n d steamers to convey the truth with rapidity to remote nations, m a y w e have an energetic, liberal spirit to improve the golden opportunity. T h e nations are mingling. Hindoos w o r k plantations in the W e s t Indies. Chinese w o r k the mines of California and Nevada, a nd con struct a railway over the Sierras. Japanese are studying in our schools a nd colleges. All nations flow together. G o d has ordained that the living preacher’shall declare H is W o r d . W e m u s t send forth the heralds of salvation. W e have men, such as those w h o have rendered us such acceptable service on our M i s sion fields, w e have veterans to assist t h e m in their preparations, to counsel t h e m in their first efforts, and these m e n have hesitated, do n o w hesitate to offer themselves for this service, m u c h as they long to engage in it, because, notwithstanding the noble liberality of the past year, there [is still an e m p t y a nd embarrassed treasury. W e m u s t look to the pastors and elders to bring the people to a right
appreciation of the position, and first w e appeal to t h e m as assembled in the General Synod. • W e pray the S y n o d to devise liberal things. A n d w h e n w e coine again to present an A nn ua l Report, m a y it be to say, with thankful ness to God, that m e n are on the w a y to gather the harvest ripen ing on the plains around Tindivanum, to occupy Chiang-chiu,'and proclaim the life giving wor d through its populous valley ; to take their stations a m i d the thronging millions of the streets of ’Osaca; to add to the teeming beauties of the Inland Sea of Japan, the crowning ornament of temples of the living God. O u r ever gra cious, covenant-keeping God, the Lor d G o d of Hosts, is saying to us, “ Enlarge the place of thy tent, and let t h e m stretch forth the cur tains of thy habitations: spare not, lengthen thy cords, and strength en thy stakes; for thou shalt break forth on the right h a n d a n d on the left; and thy seed shall inherit the Gentiles.” W e must listen and obey. • W e have reason to say to-day, “ Hitherto hath the L or d helped us,” a n d to r e m e m b e r the promise of our adorable Master. “ Lo, I a m with y o u alway, even unto the e nd of the world.” T h e following m e m b e r s of the B o a r d complete the term for which they were chosen, with this session of the General S y n o d : Rev. Rev. Rev. Rev.
George H. Peeke, W m . H. Steele, N. E. Smith, D.D., J. M c C . Holmes,
Rev. W ; Y. V. Mahon, D.D., Mr. Sanford Cobb, Mr. A. B. Preston, Mr. A. V. W . V a n Vechten.
A d o p t e d N e w York, M a y 26th, 1869.
J. M . F E R R I S ,
T A B U L A R V I E W OF RECEIPTS •
ami fwKiuMwalsi. CLASSES A N D CHURCHES.
FROM S. SCHOOLS
FROM t INDIVIDUALS
Classis of A l ba n y Fourth AlbaDy (German)... $9 64 N e w Baltimore.......... 155 65 N e w Salem............. 26 45 Jerusalem and Onisquethaw 40 85 Second Bethlehem....... 100 First Bethlehem......... 60 50 Westerlo............... 8 50 First Albany............ 2343 83 Coeymans.............. 40 * Third Albany:.......... 30 802 31 Second Albany..........
75 50 1 20 i
18 10 7 25
$9 231 27 40 101 78 15 2343 40 30 802
64 15 65 85 60 75 88
Classis of Bergen N e w Dur h a m....... English Neighborhood.. Second tlackeneack.... First Hackensack..... Thi id Jersey City..... Sehralenbergh....... Closter.............. German. Hackensack..., Second Hudson City__ West Newark........
179 52 60 359 156 254 6 4 6 2
78 06 50
05 40 20 92
179 92 107 359 211 279 6 4 6 2
78 06 60
05 40 20 92
South Classis of Bergen Lafayette.............. Bergen... . 1........ Bayonne.... ........... Second Newark......... . North Newark.......... Belleville.... .......... Irvington............... First Newark.......... !
145 883 13 184 1814 185 69 900
46 23 06 07 ' 86 " 82 ' 63
75 44 72'
30 1 :>
250 46 428 95 13 06 184 07 1814 36 216 89 • ■ 69 53 900 . :
CLASSES A N D CHURCHES.
FROM FROM S. SCHOOLS INDIVIDUALS
South Classis of Bergen CONTINUED.
First Van Voorst, Jersy City §269 22 160 1185 40 Clinton Avenue, Newark...
81 50 80
$424 22 150 1185 40
78 81 50 80
Classis of C a y u g a 5 6 91 53 35
25 ' 65 66 18
. 50 25
656 S3 25
5 6 141 853 63 10 656 25
25 65 66 18 33
Classis of Geneva .
Lodi... ’.............. Tvre * ................
6 10 53 112 8 18 146 25 38 15 22 31 16 -92
50 120 95
90 46 22
6 10 ' 103 42 232 97 8 . 18 90 146 46 25 91 50 15 22 40 31 ‘ 16 92
Classis of Greene 91 12 16 80 Moresville and South....) Gilboa............... j Citskill“......... ......
21 75 20 60
112 87 36 60 30
24 62 35 49 43 27 37 75
17 50 19 52 30 33 32
83 24 27 75
10 5 25 10' 5
GLASSES A N D CHURCHES.
FROM S. SCHOOLS
Classis of Holland 22
$48 66 164 10 18 5 22
$70 66 164 10 13
22 25 124 . 29 20 70 24 12 50
92 29 20 '70 24 12 fiO
100 4. 22
10 20 27 38
20 27 88
Classis of H u d s o n 156 373 1051 123 173 221
373 931 123 173 221 100 400 SO
72 15 85 83. 19
72 15 85 83 19
100 09 40
505 09. 80 40
Classis of Illinois 89 23 80 15 24 21 10 17 18 11
46 80 40.
25 10 50 40
140 23 80 15 24 31 10 43 18
76 80 40 25 60 20
Classis of Kingston 127 92 85 28 368 02 40
65 175 12
127 92 150 23 647 02 52
CLASSES A N D CHURCHES
FROM CHU R C H E S
FROM S. SCHOOLS
Classis of Kingston. CONTINUED.
N e w PoltZ.i ■ ..... Bloomingdule.... Ouilford... .i.... Bashville Falls___ North Marbletown. Samsonville...... Rosendale .. .... Marbletown.....
80 15 ■ 45 IS 9 41 15
$451 93 20 76 83 15 65 IS . 9 41 15
N. Classis of L o n g Island Greenpoint.............. Oyster Bay............. East Williamsburg .......... Newtown............... Astoria................. Bedford’Avenue......... Queens.................. St. Peter’s, Williamsburgh.. Flushing............ ... Sayville................ Jamaica ............... South Bushwick......... Second Astoria.......... Manhasset...............
206 54 125 95 262 47
61 16 50 62
8 15 16 114 79 .
11 50 50
10 35 60
206 62 153 210 312 47 35 55 85
61 31 41 98
141 36 52. 85 5 14 64
179 86 52 85 5 14 64-
S. Classis of L o n g Island Flatbush...... North Brooklyn. South Brooklyn. N e w Lotts..... East N e w York. Flatlands ....... First Brooklyn.. N e w Utrecht.... Middle Brooklyn O n the Heights.. Gravesend .... North Gowamis. East Brooklyn..
862 296 142 326 224 209 4206 622 155 4663 173 53 34
72 25 81 84 38 54 37 31 45 07 76 31
779 30 7 25 64 74 121 78 75 157
.... 354 ...... .... .... .......
100 82 35
1641 296 172 688 289 331 4281 779 255 4663 258 53 34
72 25 81 09 12 32 37 31 45 07 11 31
Classis of Michigan. First Grand Rapids.... Battle Creek.......... Constantine..........
CLASSES A N D C HURCHES
FROU S. SCHOOLS
Classis of Michigan CONTINUED.
$2 12 .49 01
' .20 30
$2 12 49 01 20 30
Classis of M o n m o n t h 32 12 217 50 17 09
38 27 12 40
139 39 25 78 30
70 229 17 ’89 139 31 78
39 90 09 05 39
7 955 15 42 34 25 34 94 25 18 2
637 1424 196 215 187 181 80
40 12 75
3206 4664 14 120 2777 248
02 14 66
Classis of M o n t g o m e r y
4 7 50 55 15 42 30 34 15
Curry town..... .........
22 82 25 25 1R 2 50
20 12 11 76
SO 15 .
Clas. of M e w Brunswick Second N e w Brunswick....
532 40 792 87 lfi5 75
139 184 138 52 ' 78 75
5 15 75 31 70
615 50 6 3
43 45 2
Classis of N e w T o r k 2891 2526 14 120 2381 German Evangelical Mission 13
02 70 66
315 252 44 - 1885
281 35 235
CLASSES AND CHCROBKS
FROM 8. SCHOOLS
i Classis of N e w T o r k CONTINUED. H u g u e n o t s ............... R i c h m o n d ................ Thirty-fourth Street...... Fourth G e r m a n ........... H a r l e m ................... St. Paul’s................. Prospect Hill.............. M o t t H a v e n ..............
$18 26 270 20 450 867 50 18
10 565 43 134 82
22 40 03 65
$18 26 270 20 450 • 367 50 18
10 590 43 174 82
22 40 15 65
S o u t h Classis of N . T o r k Norfolk Street............ Washington Square....... Sixth A v e n u e ............. Brighton H e i g h t s ......... B u s h w i c k ................ i
25 40 12
Clatsis of O r a n g e Ellenville................ Fallsburgh................ N e w b u r g h ................ Port Jervis............... S h a w a n g u n k ............. B l o o m i n g b u r g h ........... W a l d e n .................. L o w e r W a l p a c k .......... W a r w a r s i n g .............. N e w H u r l e y .............. M o n t g o m e r y .............. N e w Prospect............. Cuddebackville.... ....... Minisink..................
145 150 163 319 92 30 270 80 23
13 198 80 195 72
52 40 09
' 96 50 30 5
90 26 30
21 4 70 6 10
44 859 39 8 15 85 10 50
145 259 887 515 * 97 80 291 30 38 50 1009 8 15 10
60 32 12 09 90 25 10 39 85 50
Classis of P a r a m u s Clarkstown............... W e s t N e w Hempstead. . A c q u a c k a n o n k ............ R a m a p o .................. T a p p a n .................. N y a c k ................... Second Paterson........ .. P a r a m u s .................. Broadway, Paterson...... Suffern..................
91 181 494 20 70 66
93 11 25 63 65 78
228 84 89 45
50 30 208 85
41 38 10 26
. 50 1
191 98. 162 11
703 10 20 70 66 264 94 71 11
63 65 78 38 89
CLASSES A N D CUURCIIES
FROM S. SCHOOLS
Classis of P a r a m u s CONTINUED.
Warwick............. Saddle River......... : Pascaek.............. Piermont ...i*....... Spring Valley...... ... First Holland, Paterson... Second Holland, “ ...
$41 35 76 54 70 80 12 42 4 10
Sil 85 76 64 70 140 12 42 4 10
Classis of Passaic Pomptcn Plains...... Pompton............ Ponds ............... First Pnterson........ Montviile............ Bonrdville........... Stone House Plains.... Wyckoff........ Preakuess...........
150 128 6 124 45 17 21 30 26
179 128 6 124 50 ’ 20 * 28 80 26
36 50 50 49
6 2 50 6 91
82 60 36 50 40
Classis of Philadelphia First Philadelphia....... Readingtou............. Blawenburgh........... North and Southampton__ Addisville....... •...... Harlingen................
Neshanic............... Rocky Hill.... ........ Second Philadelphia..... Fourth Philadelphia...... Manayunk............. . Third Philadelphia......... Clover Hill..-........... Stanton ................
863 318 200 116 34 133 117 75 313 6 12 70 50 20
30 38 - 32 66 25
74 ‘ 15
363 348 250 177 91 133 117 95 313 6 12 230 50 20
16 30 98 50
Classis of Poughkeepsie N e w Hackensack........ Mill Brook.............. Fishkill................ Fishkill-upon-Hudson.... Glenham............... Rhinebeck............. First Poughkeepsie......
127 202 231 68 86 481 841
65 6 31 75 17 17 72"
241 73 5 10
30 80 10
157 288 241 310 91 566 841
65 31 48 17 65 72
CLASSES A N D CHURCHB9
FROM B. SCHOOLS
Classis of Poughkeepsie CONTINUED.
Cold Spring........ Hyde Pnrk........ Second Poughkeepsie. Hopewell.........
$13 50 478 58 303 63
$13 §50 478 58 308 63
Classis of Raritan North Branch.. . Second Somerville Rockawny..... Third Raritan.... First Somerville.. Peapack...... Lebanon....... Bedminster.... Pottersville.... Branchville'.... Roysfield...... Easton........ Plainfield......
264 73 187 60 160 150
264 237 163 152
50 13 50 2 25
73 60 60 25
268 25 91 130
10 257 50 38
40 30 11 50 8 30 24 60
121 141 50
18 80, 282 10 38
Classis of Rensselaer Chatham.............. Kinderhook............ Stuyvesant........ . Castleton........ ..... Schodack Landing...... Second Ghent.......... Bloomingrove......... First Ghent............ Stuyvesant Falls........ Nassau................ N e w Concord.......... Greenbush.............
86 10 608 36 190 117 10 39 91
50 116 25
25 16 49 45 15
4 51 10 ■ 5
136 724 190 117 67 25
10 61 10 31
20 110 25 35 50
'Classis of Saratoga t
Union Village......... Saratoga.............. First West Troy....... Southwest Troy....... Wynantskill.......... Boght.............. . Northumberland....... Buskirk’s Bridge...... Cohoes............... Schaghticoke..........
43 60 67 11
117 03 45 25 7
38 25 55 50 184 14 45 25 7
CLASSES AND CnURCHES
Classis of Schenectady First Glsnville.......... $133 First Rotterdam......... > 26 Second Schenectady...... 8 205 First Schenectady*...... Kiskayuna.............. 53 Lislia’s Kill............. 91 82 A m i t y .................
50 10 25 50
$133 61 8 280 55 96 82 10 16
50 10 25 60
113 75 127 47 10 6 8 8 35 3 2
52 61 201 9 424 732 82 24 43 80 26
84 81 54 86 23 59
21 120 370 19 88 245 822
25 75 2 5 10
Classis of Schoharie Schoharie.............. First Beroe............. K n o x .................. Beaverdam............. Schoharie Mountain..... • Sharon................
North Blenheim........ Breakabin..............
113 38 75 97 47 60 10 6 28
8 50 8 55 35 3 20 2 75
60 28 60 55 20 75
Classis of Ulster Blue Mountain.......... Plnttekill............... Saugerties.............. Flatbusli............... West Hurley............
51 61 201 9 289 691 67 24 43 80 26
08 76 25 21 48 43 89 36
135 40 96 9 60
25 21 44 03 89 86 50
Classis of Westchester
21 120 320 19 38 246 322
84 31 54 86 23 59
CLASSES A N D CHURCHES
FROM ■ S. SCHOOLS
Classis of Westchester CONTINUED.
227 25 41 80 329 25 100
15 28 6 35
227 25 41 80 363 32 10015 28 6 35
Classis of Wisconsin 21 81 15 4 27 68 6 34 16 22 26 61 41 50 21
31 31 4 27 6 34 25 44 26 61 82
15 » 68
70 ' 41 81
INDIVIDUALS NOT T H R O U G H CHURCHES. N e w Brunswick, N. J........$2 A Friend................ $12 A Friend................. 5 A Friend................ 25 M. V. A., N e w Brunswick, N.J. 5 Mrs. A.' C. G., Orange, N. J... 10 a .......:............... 5 Jeremiah Cline............ 1 Mrs. Elizabeth Townsend.... 100 Friend of Missions, Brooklyn, W. H. M ................. 25 L I ................... 10 M e ...................... 25 J.R. L................... 5 W. H. Jansen............. 5 Gen. G. Loomis, U. S. A .... 60 J. R. Van Mater and..... 1 K G. E .................... 10 Eva V. Pike............ ) 0 D. G. Va n Yranken ....... 2 M. R. C ...................... 1101 Miss E. B. Brooklyn, L. 1.... 5 2 50 W. J. R. T ............... 10 C. S ................... Peter V. Hoagland........ 10 A. B..D., gold............. 5 Rev. A. Mattice..... :.... 1 Rev. J. R. Lente.......... 5 A Little Straw for a Brick_____ 1 Alpha............ .’...... 25 Lady Friend of the Cause.__'10 A Widow's Mite........... 5 C. C., Pittsford, Mich....... 5 Catherine Tally...... ®11 L. H. V. D ............... 5 C. 8. Sutter......... 10 W. 8. B., Woodbourne, N. Y. . 2 D. D. Williamson........... 100 Rev. T. R. Beck....... 5 H. Schnellendreussler....... 3 S. C. Roe.......... 1 Jonathan Sturges..........200 M. L. 8., Ill............... 10 Eliza Schureman.......... 10 H . P. Cline.......... 5 X ...................... 10 I. 8., Pella, Iowa.......... -5 Granville Van Vliet....... 10 Western Missionary........ 50 Christian Intelligencer...... 5 A Lady......... 50 Unknown, Williamsburgh, L.I. 10 H. 8 ..................... 10 A Friend, Newport, R. 1..... 30 Widow’s Mite............. 3 Mary and Maggie Groff........ 2 Mrs. C. Whitehead........ 10 Miss H. Schoonmaker....... 2 One of 50,000 Members........1 Frank and Georgie, in part silver..................... 560W. P. P ................. 50 Mrs, C. W a r d ........... 20 J. B. Bartow....... 10 Friend of Missions......... 1 100 Senex........ From the Lord.......... 5 O wen V an Olinda.......... 5 Memento Jewelry..........140 A Friend....... ........ 25 Rev. J. Whitbeck.......... 2 50 1 Anonymous.............. Mrs J. Whitbeck............. 250 Peter Clement............ 5 D. G. Van Vranken....... 2 G ..................... 7 C. H . D ....................... 5 L a m b d a ................. 325 Friend of Missions......... 10 Mrs. E. C. 8 .............. 30 Mary and Maggie Groff........ 2 E. T. C.................. 20 Melville................. 10 A n Old Friend... ....... 5 A Friend................ 10 K ...................... 20 Mrs. J. Ross......... ’.... 2 Rev. T. L. 8 .............. 5 Student, N. B.. N. J ....... 6 M. 8. W „ 111.............. 1 T w o Friends, N. Y ....... 10 Cash. ................... 10 A Friend................... 245Central N e w York.........100 W. P. P .................. 30 H. N. N „ N. Y. City....... 5 A Friend, N e w Scotland, N. Y 5 Rev. and Mrs. Chas. Whitehead 100
A Minister’s W i d o w ....... 10 Rev. T. L. Shafer.......... 6 Rev. H. S ................ 2 53 W. H. A ................. 1 Miss Ashley ............. 5 A. Van Santvoord......... 100 A Friend........“....... 5 A Friend, Pleasantville, Pa.. 10 H. S. Coins............... 5
Rev. D. A. Jones......15 From a Golden Wedding.... 6 66 E. H., Brooklyn, L. 1..... 10 Miss Josephine Penfoid..... 40 E. Penfold, J r ........... 40 Unk n o w n ................ 12 62 Anonymous, Mich........... 10 $671 SO
MISCELLANEOUS. Missionary Box............................... Premium on gold and silver ......................... A Thank Offering.............. Mission Sabbath School, Athens, N. Y ................. “ “ Brownsville, N. Y'............. Sabbath School, Pine Bush, N. Y ..................... H o m e Sabbath School, Holland Mich.................. High Woods Sabbath School......................... Shawangunk Benevolent Association............ Youn;; Ladies’ Missionary Circle, N e w Centre, N. J ...... Hawthorne Mission Sabbath School.................... Mission Sabbath School, N e w Brunswick, N. J .......... Union School, Holland, Mich., Primary Dep’t., Boys...... “ “ “ „ Girls..... Morgan Street Mission Sabbath School, Jersey City..... Elm Sabbath School, N e w Brunswick, N. J ............. American Tract Society for Arcot Mission.............. Interest on Security Funds..................... .... ■
$26 27 60 1 2 6 2 6 30 121 4 60 10 3 10 10 200 2201
42 21 78
LEGACIES. Peter Q. Voorhees................................. Chas. Shelpt...................................... W. B. Doreirns................................... Helena Campbell.................................. Jane Le Fevre.................................... Rachel Berry........ :................... ........ Marin R. Letferts.................................. B. Livingston Kip................................. Dora L. Lott...... Government Tax on Legacy of Chas. O ’Neil, refunded by Board of Foreigh Missions of the Pres. Church.... Lucas J.Voorhees........ Little Girl’s Legacy............................... Julia Delaplaine...................................
$94 2 1 40 9 26• 100 940 130 26 250 989 60 60 1000 1 23 1680 $5457 74
R E C E I P T S F R O M CLASSES. C laeses
S yno d
OHUROH FROM CONTBIBUr,S. 8. SCHOOLS
N e w York. Bergen .......... South Bergen..... H u d s o n ....... -.. N. Long Island.... South Long Island.. M o n m o u t h ....... N e w Brunswick.... N e w York...... . S. N e w York..... Paramus......... Passaic....... ... Philadelphia..... Poughkeepsie..... Rar'tnn.......... Westchester......
10 IS 9 14 18 1
8 14 5 17 9 14 11 13 14
$1080 5354 2540 1116 11970 598 2335 9167 785 1477 549 1829 2370 1762 1821
91 42 23 72 81 45 68 96 30 12 47 59 98 08 02
12 â€˘ 8 14 10 12 11 14 12 10 9 11 11
3617 868 594 322 1128 303 2162 1313 509 615 390 1545
$96 230 245 217 638 66 234 768 40 406 43 278 275 166 39
79 44 12 67 20 79 12 23 61 81 73 65 07
$71 106 00 91 50 1235 661 60 2315 25 71 100 195 38 29 50 60 $4950 88
$1247 5691 2785 1425 13743 655 82S1 12451 850 1954 598 2208 2842 1958 1910
91 21 23 66 93 12 38 75 42 35 08 40 09 23 09
Albany. Albany.... Cayuga.... Geneva.... Greene__. Kingston.... Montgomery. Orange... Rensselaer .. Saratoga.... Schenectady. Schoharie .. Ulster.....
73 07 42 71 92 70 20 46 28 36 21 96
102 25 159 61 342 43 434 163 110 10
05 23 52 06 75 32 16 61
60 56 $1502 26
1 68 65 15 25 107 6 291 50 50 107 47 05 141 $897 80
3720 961 818 399 1677 352 2888 1526 619 732 437 1737
78 08 65 48 98 45 02 62 89 35 26 62
Chicago. Holland .. Illinois... Michigan . Wisconsin.
15 10 6 11
643 310 139 286
80 81 45 72
77 10 35 30 69 10
54 10 27 43 $91 43
697 397 184 373
30 91 75 25
$5940 11 $70774 13
T R E A S U R E R ’S A N N U A L R E P O R T . The Board of Foregn Missions of the Reformed Church in America in , account, with the Treasurer.
April 30, 1869.
To cash paid drafts, dec............. ...... . •• $20,583 34 “ “ on account of the Missions, dec...... 5,227 98 “ “ on account of Mr. Doty’s children... . 220 00 ' . -----------$26,031 32
AR O O T MISSION.
To cash paid drafts, &c.......... ........ . $44,663 45 <* “ on account of the Missions, dec ...... 3,549 25 • -----------
, 48,212 70
To cash paid, drafts, dec............... ....... “ “ on account of the Mission.......... . “ “ on occount of Japanese............
$2,744 45 4,286 03 1,395 54' 8,426 02
“ “ “ “ “
Bookkeeper...... ...... .... . for the Sower ...... Incidental expenses. ............. Traveling expenses............ Interest on loans...........
Rent........................ Cor. Secretary’s Salary....i........
.postage............ Gospel Field......
Miss Mandeville.... Miss Chapin....... Notes during the year Balance in Treasury..
. $200 200 574 3(58 1.876
00 00 92 89 35
112 50• 2,500 00
6,371 235 300 20,500 1,422
07 89 00 00 87
1868. Or. Api-il 30, By balance in Treasury............... 1869. April 30, B y cash received from Churches....... $59,523 03 (( tt tt 6,310 99 Sabbath Schools... ft (t Individuals..... 6,940 11 tt “ “ not 2,411 42 through Churches tt (t “ Miscellan’s sources 2,767 09 <1 5,457 74 “ “ Legacies........
81,410 38 “
Invested on account “ “ “ “ “ • “ U. S. Bonds held for
by Rev. G. F. Verbeck, of Japan Mission, for account of 1,064 Japanese in this country.__ 300 J. M. Ferris, ac. of Japanese... 60 E. C. Scudder... sale of $8,000 U. S. 5-20 bonds 8,709 borrowed from bank........ 19,500
00 00 00 12 00
of Suydam fund................. 10,000 00 5,600 00 Mandeville fund.................. Warren Ackerman fund............ *.. 10,000 00 4,500 00 General Security fund... ........... Holland and WisconsinClasses......... 2,357 00
W e hereby certify, that having examined the accounts of the Treasurer of the Board of Foreign Missions of the Reformed Protestant Dutch Church, ■we find the same to be correct, and that the balance in hands of the Trea surer, on the 30th day of April, 1869, was fourteen hundred and twenty-two dollars and eighty-seven cents, ($1,422 87). Signed ■ JAS. A. W I L L I A M S O N , A. Y. W. V A N Y E C H T E N . N e w Y o e k , June 1st, 1869. ■ G A M L . G. SMITH, Treasurer.
fjoatd of /tit'cigu ^ttissions. Members whose T e r m Expires June, 1870. Eev. T h o m a s I)e Witt, D.D., “ E. P. Terhune, A. R. T h o m p s o n , D .D., “ 0. L. Wells,
Rev. H . D . Ganse, Theo. L. M a s o n , M . D., M r . D . J. Steward, “ W a r r e n Ackerman.
Members whose T e r m Expires June, 1871. Rev. Isaac Ferris, D .D ., LL.D., Rev. W . J. R. Taylor, D.D., “ A . P. V a n Gicson, M r . Joseph B. Sheffield, “ Joseph Scudder, D.D., “ J a m e s A. Williamson, “ G. H . Mandeville, t: J o h n Lefferts.
Members whose T e r m Expires June, 1872. Rev. Geo rg e H . Peeke, “ W il li am H . Steele, “ Denis W o r t m a n , “ .1. M c O . H o l m e s .
Rev. W . V. V. M a h o n , D . D . M r . Sanford Cold), “ A. H . Hazen, “ A . V. W . V a n Vechten.
E X E C U T I V E COMMITTEE. Rev. Isaac .Ferris, D .D ., D D.D., M r . Sanford Cobb, “ W i l l i a m H . Steele, rriieo. L. M a s o n , M . D . , E. P. Terhune, M r . J a m e s A . Williamson, “ A . R. T h o m p s o n , D . D . A . V. W . V a n Vechten, “ H . D . Ganse, • “ D . Jackson Steward. OFFICERS F O R 1809-70. Rev. T h o m a s D e Witt, D.D., President,. M r . Sanford Cobb, Vice-President. Rev. A. P. V a n Giesou, Recording Secretary. “ J. M . Ferris, Corresponding Secretary. M r . Gamaliel G. Smith, Treasurer, 3 4 2 Pearl Street, N e w Y o r k City. M E D I C A L ADVISORS. J a m e s Anderson, M . D . , N e w York. H e n r y R. Baldwin, M . D . , N e w Brunswick, N., J.