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Digital Design - Module 01 Semester 1, 2018 Shuang Wu

(900942) Alex Wong Studio 10

Week One

Reading: Zeara Polo, A. 2010. Between Ideas and Matters.

According to Zeara-Polo, the diagram does not play a representational role in the design process but provides an organisational and can have a performative quality depending on how it is deployed. Explain how Diagram is different from Signs and Symbols? (100 words Maximum)

Signs are classified into Icons, Indexes and Symbols. An Icon uses itself to express qualities of dynamic objects. An Index is a sign that has relationships between form and content. A symbol is a sign which refers to its dynamic object through a formal representation. However, Diagrams do not represent dynamic objects or mediate between physical constructs and concepts. In conclusion, Diagram is different from Signs and Symbols because Diagrams do not play in roles of representing dynamic objects like Signs and Symbols do but instead create possibilities for a new world.


Week One

Precedent Analysis

Figure. 2

Figure. 1 Figure. 3 The process of modelling Zaha Hadid’s Burnham Pavilion takes considerate efforts. I found making the fabric skins by lofting the contours difficult. I succeeded in getting smooth and dynamic surfaces by offsetting and rebuilding the contour curves. Project and trim commands are used a lot in this project because this pavilion has many irregular openings .

1. Zaha Hadid Architects, Burnham Pavilion, accessed March 7, 2018, 2. Perspective view: making the aluminium framework from contour lines 3. Perspective view: generating the overlaying fabric


Figure. 3

Figure. 4 3. Elevation: transforming the shape of the pavilion 4. Plan: trimming the openings on the top from projected lines


Week Two

Reading: Hertzberger H. 2005. The in-between and The Habitable Space Between Things, from Lessons for Students in Architecture. Herzberger discusses how design should not be extreme in its functionality. Use your precedent study to explain how the pavilion allows for an appropriation of use. (100 words Maximum)

Herzberger argues that by designing an object as an instrument rather than as an apparatus can boost efficiency. He thinks functionalism minimizes the utility of architecture and suggests that forms and space should be more receptive and have potential to suit various circumstances. In Burnham Pavilion, the slope which was used as an entrance to the pavilion can also be used as an informal seating area for people to sit and talk. Its curved interior was also used as a big projection screen for a seven-minute video. So people can watch it while wandering around in the pavilion.


Week Two


Isometric of the Burnham Pavilion This isometric shows an overlook of Burnham Pavilion. Two entrances on a diagonal line, innerior structure and overlaying curved fabric with various openings on the top were chosen to be shown. Fabric skins have been tightly zipped around the metal frame to create the curvilinear shape. The fabric was modelled to be detailed because I want to make them look very smooth and organic. So I offset all the contours, rebuilt them and then loft them to get the fluid concave surfaces.



The key concept of this precedent study is the superimpositions of spatial structures with hidden traces of Burnham’s Plan within the structure. I learned that understanding the way people tend to move through and interact with architecture can improve the design of a building and help to optimize the flow of people. Threshold is a spatial transition which can connect the inside of a building with the outside. I found thresholds also identify the boundaries for architecture.






In Burnham Pavilion, the two thresholds are aligned with a diagonal. The circulation informs the design well. People move through the pavilion diagonally and tent to stay longer near the interior fabric skins because the fabric skins are used as a big projection screen for a video. The big oval space inside the pavilion offers place for people to walk through or stay a while.


Week Two Diagrams


Population Density Distribution Relative high poplulation density Moderate poplulation density Low poplulation density

Aluminium Framework

Residence Time Distribution At least 7 minutes From 3 to 7 minutes less than 3 mintues






Inner structure

Circulation paths







The diagrams show the circulation paths, residence time distribution and population density distribution.

The diagrams show the Burnham Pavilion’s base, inner structure, aluminium framework and overlaying curved fabric.




Transforming the shape of the solid according to the pavilion’s section plan in Rhino.

Projecting the lines to the transformed solid from the top view so that accurate contour lines can be made.


Appendix Process

Creating aluminium framework from contour lines by using pipe command in Rhino.

After projecting the curves to the fabric, I trim the curved surface in order to create the entrances of the pavilion.




Making a curved surface to connect the overlaying fabric and the inner structure.

Using different colours to identify different symbols in Illustrator.


Shuang Wu_Module 1_Burnham Pavilion Journal  
Shuang Wu_Module 1_Burnham Pavilion Journal