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Magazine of the Vancouver Symphony

September 27 to November 10, 2014 Volume 20, Issue 1

Bramwell Tovey and musicans of the Vancouver Symphony Orchestra

Britten’s War Requiem Maestro Tovey and the VSO commemorate the 100th Anniversary of the start of World War I

Cirque Musica! The Best of Cirque on stage with the VSO

Classical Mystery Tour: The Music of The Beatles



allegro Magazine of the Vancouver Symphony

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First Violins


English Horn

Nezhat and Hassan Khosrowshahi Chair

Chair in Memory of John S. Hodge

Marsha & George Taylor Chair

Dale Barltrop, Concertmaster Joan Blackman, § Associate Concertmaster Nicholas Wright, Assistant Concertmaster Jennie Press, Second Assistant Concertmaster Mary Sokol Brown Mrs. Cheng Koon Lee Chair

Jenny Essers Akira Nagai, Associate Concertmaster Emeritus Xue Feng Wei Rebecca Whitling Yi Zhou

Second Violins

Jason Ho, Principal Karen Gerbrecht, Associate Principal

Jim and Edith le Nobel Chair

Jeanette Bernal-Singh, Assistant Principal Adrian Shu-On Chui Daniel Norton Ann Okagaito Ashley Plaut


Neil Miskey, Principal Andrew Brown, Associate Principal Stephen Wilkes, Assistant Principal Lawrence Blackman

Estelle & Michael Jacobson Chair

Ariel Barnes, Principal Janet Steinberg, Associate Principal Zoltan Rozsnyai, Assistant Principal Olivia Blander


Mary & Gordon Christopher Chair

E-flat Clarinet

Jeanette Jonquil, Principal Cris Inguanti, § Assistant Principal Gerhard and Ariane Bruendl Chair David Lemelin Natasha Boyko


Matthew Crozier, Principal Gregory A. Cox

Bass Trombone Douglas Sparkes

Arthur H. Willms Family Chair


Peder MacLellan, Principal


Aaron McDonald, Principal

David Lemelin


Dr. Malcolm Hayes and Lester Soo Chair

Bass Clarinet

Martha Lou Henley Chair

Charles Inkman Cristian Markos




Dylan Palmer, Principal Brandon McLean, Associate Principal David Brown J. Warren Long Frederick Schipizky

Cris Inguanti §

Julia Lockhart, Principal Sophie Dansereau, Assistant Principal Gwen Seaton

Vern Griffiths, Principal Tony Phillipps


Elizabeth Volpé Bligh, Principal

Piano, Celeste

Linda Lee Thomas, Principal


Carter (Family) Deux Mille Foundation Chair

French Horns

Orchestra Personnel Manager

Sophie Dansereau

DeAnne Eisch

Christie Reside, Principal

Oliver de Clercq, Principal Benjamin Kinsman

Ron & Ardelle Cliff Chair

Werner & Helga Höing Chair

Nadia Kyne, Assistant Principal Rosanne Wieringa

David Haskins, Associate Principal Andrew Mee

Michael & Estelle Jacobson Chair

Winslow & Betsy Bennett Chair

Leonard Lummis


Richard Mingus, Assistant Principal

Piano Technician

Hermann & Erika Stölting Chair



Nadia Kyne


Matthew Davies Emilie Grimes Angela Schneider

Roger Cole, Principal

Ian Wenham

Paul Moritz Chair

Professors Mr. & Mrs. Ngou Kang Chair

Beth Orson

Wayne & Leslie Ann Ingram Chair

Beth Orson, Assistant Principal Karin Walsh

Larry Knopp, Principal Marcus Goddard, Associate Principal Vincent Vohradsky

Music Librarian Minella F. Lacson

Master Carpenter Pierre Boyard

Master Electrician

Thomas Clarke

*Supported by The Canada Council for the Arts § Leave of Absence

W. Neil Harcourt in memory of Frank N. Harcourt Chair

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allegro Magazine of the Vancouver Symphony

September 27 to November 10, 2014 Volume 20, Issue 1


SEPTEMBER 27, 29 / Goldcorp Masterworks Gold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Bramwell Tovey conductor, Inon Barnatan piano OCTOBER 4, 5, 6 / Mardon Group Insurance Musically Speaking / . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Rogers Group Financial Symphony Sundays / Surrey Nights Bramwell Tovey conductor, Ariel Barnes cello OCTOBER 8 / Specials / Classical Mystery Tour: The Music of the Beatles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Gordon Gerrard conductor, Classical Mystery Tour OCTOBER 9, 12 / VSO Chamber Players / Jennie Press violin, Karen Gerbrecht violin . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Rebecca Whitling violin, Cristian Markos cello, Janet Steinberg cello, Roseanne Wieringa flute, Vern Griffiths marimba, Doreen Oke harpsichord OCTOBER 11 / Specials / Cirque Musica / Gordon Gerrard conductor, Cirque Musica . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 OCTOBER 17, 18, 20 / Classical Traditions at the Chan Centre / North Shore Classics . . . . . . . . . . 31 Joshua Weilerstein conductor, Adam Golka piano OCTOBER 23 / Tea & Trumpets / The Legend of Faust . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Gordon Gerrard conductor, Christopher Gaze host/narrator, UBC Opera Ensemble OCTOBER 24, 25 / London Drugs VSO Pops / Sultans of String / . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 John Morris Russell conductor, Sultans of String, Doreen Dasol Yun, violin OCTOBER 26 / Kids’ Koncerts / Chris McKhool’s Fiddlefire! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 John Morris Russell conductor, Chris McKhool, Doreen Dasol Yun, violin OCTOBER 30 / Specials / Nosferatu! / Gillian Anderson conductor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 NOVEMBER 1, 3 / Goldcorp Masterworks Gold / Diego Matheuz conductor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Marc-André Hamelin piano NOVEMBER 8, 10 / Air Canada Masterworks Diamond / Bramwell Tovey conductor . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 Sheila Christie soprano, Nicholas Phan tenor, Russell Braun baritone, UBC University Singers, UBC Choral Union, Children's Chorus


Inon Barnatan


Classical Mystery Tour

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Sultans of String



Cirque Musica

Bramwell Tovey

In this Issue Advertise in Allegro for Christmas . . . . . . . . 2 The Orchestra . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Allegro Staff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Government Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Message from the Chairman . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 and the President & CEO VSO Musician Profile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 VSO 2014/2015 Season . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Vancouver Symphony Foundation . . . . . . . 39 VSO Mobile Website . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Patrons’ Circle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 VSO School of Music . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 VSO Car Lottery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 VSO Traditional Christmas . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 VSO Stradivarius Legacy Circle . . . . . . . . . 60 VSO Group Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 VSO Friends’ Campaign . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 Corporate Partners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 At the Concert / VSO Staff . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 Board of Directors / Volunteer Council . . . 71 VSO Upcoming Concerts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72


Nosferatu! A Special Hallowe'en Presentation




VSO Musician Profiles: Matthew Davies

We welcome your comments on this magazine. Please forward them to: Vancouver Symphony, 500 – 833 Seymour Street, Vancouver, BC V6B 0G4 Allegro contact and advertising enquiries: / customer service: 604.876.3434 / VSO office: 604.684.9100 / website: Allegro staff: published by The Vancouver Symphony Society / editor/publisher: Anna Gove / contributors: Don Anderson, James Alexander / orchestra photo credit: Jonathon Vaughn / art direction, design & production: bay6 creative inc. Printed in Canada by Web Impressions Ltd. All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part without written consent is prohibited. Contents copyrighted by the Vancouver Symphony, with the exception of material written by contributors. Allegro Magazine has been endowed by a generous gift from Adera Development Corporation.

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The Vancouver Symphony Society is grateful to the Government of Canada and the Canada Council for the Arts, Province of British Columbia and the BC Arts Council, and the City of Vancouver for their ongoing support. The combined investment in the VSO by the three levels of government annually funds over 28% of the cost of the orchestra’s extensive programs and activities. This vital investment enables the Vancouver Symphony Orchestra to present over 150 life-enriching concerts in 16 diverse venues throughout the Lower Mainland and Whistler, attract some of the world’s best musicians to live and work in our community, produce Grammy® and Juno® award-winning recordings, tour domestically and internationally, and, through our renowned educational programs, touch the lives of over 50,000 children annually.

Shelly Glover, Minister of Canadian Heritage and Official Languages

Christy Clark, Premier of British Columbia

Thank you!

Gregor Robertson, Mayor of Vancouver

Message from the VSO Chairman, and President & CEO Institute in Whistler in Summer 2015. In addition, we are proud to oversee the activities of the state-of-the-art VSO School of Music, a community music school for students of all ages and abilities, directly next to the Orpheum, now with over 1,300 students and 90 faculty members. FRED G. WITHERS


Dear Friends, Welcome to the opening concerts of the Vancouver Symphony Orchestra’s exciting 96th season! The VSO is proud to have been serving the people of British Columbia since 1919, and we are delighted you are with us for today’s concert. During the 2014/2015 season the orchestra will perform over 150 concerts in 16 different venues throughout the Lower Mainland and in Whistler. In addition to the Orpheum Theatre, Orpheum Annex, Pyatt Hall, Queen Elizabeth Theatre, St. Andrew’s Wesley Church, and the Vancouver Playhouse in downtown Vancouver, VSO presentations can be experienced at the Chan Centre for the Performing Arts at UBC, Centennial Theatre in North Vancouver, Bell Centre in Surrey, Michael J. Fox Theatre and Deer Lake Park in Burnaby, Kay Meek Theatre in West Vancouver, South Delta Baptist Church, Terry Fox Theatre in Port Coquitlam, Bard on the Beach and the Whistler Olympic Pavilion. This season will also see the continuation and expansion of our extraordinary education and community programs, with over 50,000 children experiencing performances by the full VSO; over 100 classroom visits by Maestro Tovey and members of the orchestra; and the creation of the Vancouver Symphony Orchestral

The purpose of the Vancouver Symphony Orchestra is to enrich and transform lives through music — by presenting passionate, high-quality performances of classical, popular and culturally diverse music; creating meaningful engagement with audiences of all ages and backgrounds wherever we perform; and developing and delivering inspirational education and community programs. Because of you, our audience members, donors, sponsors and government funders, we are achieving our purpose. On behalf of the Board of Directors, Maestro Tovey, our musicians, staff and volunteers, we thank you for your commitment to the VSO, and wish you a most delightful and inspirational 2014/2015 season. Please enjoy today’s concert. Sincerely yours,

Fred G. Withers Chair, Board of Directors

Jeff Alexander President & Chief Executive Officer

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Concert Program G OL D C ORP M ASTE RWO R KS G O LD OR P H EU M T H EATR E , 8 P M

Saturday & Monday, September 27 & 29 Bramwell Tovey conductor Inon Barnatan piano KELLY-MARIE MURPHY ◆

A Thousand Natural Shocks


BRAHMS Piano Concerto No. 1 in D minor, Op. 15

I. Maestoso II. Adagio III. Rondo: Allegro non troppo


R. STRAUSS Also sprach Zarathustra, Op. 30

I. Introduction (Sunrise) II. Of Those in Backwaters III. Of the Great Longing IV. Of Joys and Passions V. The Song of the Grave VI. Of Science and Learning VII. The Convalescent VIII. The Dance Song IX. Song of the Night Wanderer


free to ticketholders at 7:05pm.




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Bramwell Tovey, O.C. conductor


Grammy® and Juno® award-winning conductor/composer Bramwell Tovey was appointed Music Director of the Vancouver Symphony Orchestra in 2000. Under his leadership the VSO has toured to China, Korea, and across Canada and the United States. Mr. Tovey is also the Artistic Adviser of the VSO School of Music, a state-ofthe-art facility which opened in downtown Vancouver in 2011 next to the Orpheum, the VSO’s historic home. His tenure at the VSO has included complete symphony cycles of Beethoven, Mahler, and Brahms; as well as the establishment of an annual festival dedicated to contemporary music. In 2018, the VSO’s centenary year, he will become the orchestra’s Music Director Emeritus. In the 14/15 season Mr. Tovey will make guest appearances with leading US orchestras including the Philadelphia Orchestra, New York Philharmonic, and Kansas City Symphony. In Europe he will perform with the BBC Philharmonic and the Helsingborgs Symfoniorkester, and will travel to Australia for engagements with the symphonies of Melbourne and Sydney. During the 13/14 season Mr. Tovey’s guest appearances included the BBC and Royal Philharmonics; the New York and Los Angeles Philharmonics; and the Boston, Philadelphia, Cleveland, and Toronto Symphonies. In 2003 Mr. Tovey won the Juno® Award for Best Classical Composition for his choral and brass work Requiem for a Charred Skull. Commissions have included works for the New York and Los Angeles Philharmonics, the Toronto Symphony, and Calgary Opera who premiered his first full-length opera The Inventor in 2011. Earlier in 2014 his trumpet concerto, Songs of the Paradise Saloon, was performed by the LA Philharmonic with Alison Balsom as soloist, who will also perform the work with the Philadelphia Orchestra in December 2014. A talented pianist as well as conductor and composer, he has appeared as soloist with many major orchestras including the New York, Sydney, Melbourne, Los Angeles,

Pittsburgh, St Louis, Toronto, and Royal Scottish orchestras. In the summer of 2014 he played and conducted Gershwin’s Rhapsody in Blue at the Hollywood Bowl with the LA Phil, and in Saratoga with the Philadelphia Orchestra. He has performed his own Pictures in the Smoke with the Melbourne and Helsingborg Symphonies and the Royal Philharmonic. Mr. Tovey is a Fellow of the Royal Academy of Music in London, the Royal Conservatory of Music in Toronto, and holds honorary degrees from the universities of British Columbia and Manitoba. In 2013 he was appointed an honorary Officer of the Order of Canada for services to music.

Inon Barnatan piano Israeli pianist Inon Barnatan is known widely for his compelling and insightful musicianship and elegant virtuosity, and as “a true poet of the keyboard, refined, searching [and] unfailingly communicative” (London’s Evening Standard). He has performed extensively with the world’s important orchestras, including those of Cleveland, Los Angeles, New York, Philadelphia, and San Francisco, and he has worked with distinguished conductors such as Roberto Abbado, Lawrence Foster, James Gaffigan, and Pinchas Zukerman. Awarded the prestigious Avery Fisher Career Grant in 2009, he was recently named the New York Philharmonic’s first Artist-inAssociation, a three-season appointment that promises multiple concerto and chamber collaborations with the orchestra. New York Philharmonic Music Director Alan Gilbert describes Barnatan as “a complete artist: a wonderful pianist, a probing intellect, passionately committed, and a capable contemporary-music pianist as well.” With an ever-growing discography, Barnatan’s recordings are critically acclaimed, and his album Darknesse Visible was named one of the “Best of 2012” by the New York Times.

Kelly-Marie Murphy

Johannes Brahms

b. Sardegna, Italy / September 4, 1964

b. Hamburg, Germany / May 7, 1833 d. Vienna, Austria / April 3, 1897

A Thousand Natural Shocks With music described as “breathtaking” (Kitchener-Waterloo Record), “imaginative and expressive” (The National Post), and “a pulsepounding barrage on the senses” (The Globe and Mail), Kelly-Marie Murphy’s voice is well known on the Canadian music scene. She has created a number of memorable works for some of Canada’s leading performers and ensembles, including the Toronto, Winnipeg, and Vancouver Symphony Orchestras, the Gryphon Trio, James Campbell, Shauna Rolston and Judy Loman. The composer writes, “A Thousand Natural Shocks was commissioned by the CBC at the request of Bramwell Tovey, for the occasion of his first concert as Music Director with the Vancouver Symphony Orchestra. The idea behind the piece is that change and new beginnings can be shocking and stressful, but also full of fantastic challenges that are ultimately as rewarding as they are necessary. The fear and tension of a new experience can quickly melt into thrilling course of action. Whereas Shakespeare had Hamlet wondering what to do when faced with ‘outrageous fortune’, Machiavelli proposed that ‘fortune favours the impetuous.’ “Musically, I explore these approaches in elements of the orchestration. The piece begins with an extended timpani solo. When the orchestra finally enters, it is a loud, chaotic tangle of lines in competition with one another. Although the majority of the piece is highly charged, fast, and dramatic, an important feature of all my works is the solo voice. These moments focus on the individual voice that can be overwhelmed by the crowd, yet is capable of being heard. In addition to the opening timpani solo, the piece also features extended solos for harp, oboe, flute, and percussion. A Thousand Natural Shocks is in one movement and lasts roughly 9’30”. It was written between January and July 2000 and is dedicated to Bramwell Tovey with great respect. The title comes from Hamlet’s soliloquy, ‘To be or not to be...and by a sleep to say we end the heartache and the thousand natural shocks that flesh is heir to.’” 12 allegro

Piano Concerto No. 1 in D minor, Op. 15 Brahms had not yet become the sturdy conservative whom his supporters set up as the opponent of Wagner, Liszt and other revolutionary composers when in 1854, at twenty-one, he began composing a largescale work. He eventually decided that the ideal medium for the materials was a concerto for piano and orchestra. The first public performance took place in January 1859. The somewhat puzzled reaction earned by the debut of this big, serious, fully symphonic concerto might have been expected. Not until 1865, when he played it once again, did it begin to find a place in the repertoire. The vast opening movement begins with a stark orchestral introduction. The piano enters with a more resigned idea before it, too, is caught up in the emotional tumult. Contrast is provided by a warmer second theme. The sombre mood in which the movement began continues through to the final bars. The slow second section is a serene meditation. Scarcely a ripple of darker emotion disturbs its warm, placid surface. The concerto concludes with a big, bold rondo, lighter in tone than the preceding movements but substantial enough to fit in with the other two movements.

Richard Strauss b. Munich, Germany / June 11, 1864; d. GarmischPartenkirchen, Germany / September 8, 1949

Also sprach Zarathustra, Op. 30 Strauss was an outstanding exponent of the tone poem, a free-form type of orchestral piece inspired by such extra-musical concepts as literature, painting, nature and philosophy. After completing the whimsical tone poem Till Eulenspiegel’s Merry Pranks, and his first opera, Guntram, he turned his attention to German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche’s weighty, passionate, occasionally obscure discourse, Also sprach Zarathustra (Thus Spoke Zarathustra). In it, Nietzsche (1844–1900) used the sixth-century-B.C. Persian philosopher Zarathustra as the medium to express his own views on the deeper meanings of life. He believed modern

man to be merely one step in the evolutionary process. One day he will be followed by a ‘super-man,’ a being who will retain the better qualities of contemporary society but will have been purged of the ignoble ones. Strauss composed his tone poem between February 1895 and August 1896, and he conducted the premiere in Frankfurt on November 27, 1896. Shortly afterwards, he outlined his reasons for creating it: “I did not intend to write philosophical music. I meant rather to convey an idea of the evolution of the human race, from its origins, through the various phases of development, religious as well as scientific, up to Nietzsche’s idea of the super-man.” Filmmaker Stanley Kubrick’s choice of the majestic opening sequence as the theme in his movie 2001: A Space

Odyssey (1968), which deals with similar ideas, thus represents a masterstroke of musical and conceptual insight. Whether it is possible to achieve in music such ends as Strauss here set himself is open to debate, but few would argue that his Zarathustra displays an unsurpassed mastery of orchestral possibilities. If you open yourself to it, it can also convey a sense of broad, elemental ideas and happenings. Nowhere is this more apparent than in the conclusion, an open-ended question-mark set, quite daringly for its time, in two separate keys simultaneously. Perhaps Strauss is saying that ultimately, the great questions of life must remain unanswered.  ■ Program Notes © 2014 Don Anderson


Saturday, October 4 ROG ERS G ROU P FIN AN C IAL S Y M P H ON Y S U N D AY S OR P H EU M T H EATR E , 2 P M

Sunday, October 5 S U R REY N IG H T S B EL L P ERF ORM IN G ARTS C E N TR E , 8 P M

Monday, October 6



Bramwell Tovey conductor Ariel Barnes cello WALTON Façade: Suite No. 2


I. Fanfare II. Scotch Rhapsody III. Country Dance IV. Noche espagnole V. Popular Song VI. Old Sir Faulk

BUTTERWORTH The Banks of Green Willow ELGAR Cello Concerto in E minor, Op. 85

I. Adagio – Moderato II. Lento – Allegro molto III. Adagio IV. Allegro – Moderato – Allegro ma non troppo




VAUGHAN WILLIAMS Symphony No. 4 in F minor

I. Allegro II. Andante moderato III. Scherzo: Allegro molto IV. Finale con epilogo fugato: Allegro molto



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Bramwell Tovey, O.C. conductor

For a biography of Maestro Tovey please refer to page 11.

Ariel Barnes cello Described as creating a “mesmerizing musical experience” by combining his “deep personal connection” (Toronto Live Music Report), cellist Ariel Barnes is internationally recognized for his unique tone and passionate performances. He has been hailed as a “rising star” by the Georgia Straight, “a musician of real stature” by the Vancouver Sun and his solo and chamber music recordings have been nominated for a Juno® Award and two Western Canadian Music Awards. One half of the contemporary music duo Couloir (cello and harp), Ariel is actively involved in the development of 21st Century Art Music. Couloir recently released their debut CD Wine Dark Sea on Ravello Records, showcasing World Premiere recordings of original compositions written especially for this beautiful and rare pairing of instruments. As a winner of the 2012 Canada Council Instrument Bank Competition, he has been awarded the use of the 1730 Newland Johannes Franciscus Celoniatus cello, built in Turin, Italy, for the next three years. In January 2013, Ariel was appointed Principal Cello of the Vancouver Symphony Orchestra.

in which eccentric verses by Edith Sitwell were accompanied by Walton’s cheeky music for chamber ensemble. He orchestrated many of the numbers for concert performance. Façade is laced with parodies of familiar dance forms such as the tango, waltz, polka and foxtrot (Old Sir Faulk), the folk music of Scotland and Spain (Noche espagnole), and the ‘soft-shoe’ routines of early-twentieth century vaudeville entertainment (Popular Song).

George Butterworth b. London, England / July 12, 1885 d. Pozières, France / August 5, 1916

The Banks of Green Willow Butterworth’s wealthy father wished him to enter the legal profession, but the young man chose music instead. Fascinated by English folk song, he collected numerous examples on location. Some he transcribed, others he incorporated into his music. Despite his obvious talent, he came to feel a lack of direction. Enlisting in the armed forces gave him what he was missing, but it also resulted in his death during World War One at the battle of the Somme. Subtitled ‘idyll,’ The Banks of Green Willow (1913) is a typically lyrical, transparently scored Butterworth miniature. In it he quoted two English folk songs: the one that gave the piece its title, and Green Bushes.

Sir Edward Elgar b. Broadheath, England / June 2, 1857 d. Worcester, England / February 23, 1934

Cello Concerto in E minor, Op. 85 World War One changed Europe forever, not b. Oldham, England / March 29, 1902 only on the map, but in the hearts and minds d. Ischia, Italy / March 8, 1983 of its citizens. For Elgar, the leading English Façade: Suite No. 2 composer of the pre-war era, the effects of the political upheavals and battlefield Walton’s music is invariably sophisticated and carnage were nothing less than devastating. polished. The early works are among his best, The warmth and confidence that illuminate burning with youthful vigour and cheekiness. They represent the English branch of the brash, and helped to popularize such pieces as the 'Enigma' Variations (1899) and the concert anti-romantic musical mood of the period. overture Cockaigne (1901) diminished Among his fellow opponents of the status markedly, never fully to return. quo were such major figures as Stravinsky, Milhaud, Poulenc, Shostakovich and Hindemith. Several musical movements sprang up or

Sir William Walton

He made his first big splash in 1922 with Façade, a witty drawing-room ‘entertainment’

came to full flood in that post-war period, all of them rooted in recent events. Elgar

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represented those composers who longed for the comfortable optimism of the past, but sensed it was irretrievably lost. He gave voice to his world’s saddening, to its growing inwardness and pessimism. Others turned to the lean textures and buoyant optimism of Neo-Classicism. Meanwhile Arnold Schoenberg and his disciples deconstructed traditional musical procedures in their pursuit of new means of expression. In the warm, noble voice of the cello, Elgar found the perfect medium to express his brooding, nostalgic post-war emotions. The premiere of his Cello Concerto took place in London on October 27, 1919. Elgar himself conducted, with Felix Salmond – the performer who had given him technical advice on it, and to whom it is dedicated – playing the solo part. It is a restrained piece, at least in comparison with the more outgoing virtuoso concertos of the nineteenth century. After a brief introduction, the first movement is founded on two themes, both melancholy in character. The scherzo-like second movement follows without a pause. For all its brilliance, it is far from carefree. The third movement is an interlude of searching meditation. The concerto then concludes with an energetic, if hardly exuberant, final rondo. A heartfelt coda recalls earlier material, before the concerto ends with a final statement of the rondo’s main subject.

This tense, tightly-argued symphony is dominated by march themes. The first movement opens forcefully and defiantly. Neither the nervous, questing energy of the second theme, nor the sinister, march-like theme that appears shortly thereafter, offers any significant relief. A passage of unsettled, exhausted quietude concludes the movement. The somber tread of the next movement’s low, pizzicato strings helps draw it close to a Mahler-like funeral march. A desolate flute solo throws a pale light across the final bars. The third movement is a brutal, dynamic ‘danse macabre,’ fueled by sharply displaced rhythmic accents and deliberately coarse orchestration. A restless and sinister bridge passage leads without pause into the finale’s menacing main theme, which once again contains elements of a march. Vaughan Williams recalls themes heard previously in the symphony, before a fugal epilogue rises to a shattering climax. The return of the symphony’s opening bars brings this blistering symphonic drama full circle.  ■ Program Notes © 2014 Don Anderson

Ralph Vaughan Williams b. Down Ampney, England / October 12, 1872 d. London, England / August 26, 1958

Symphony No. 4 in F minor Composed between 1931 and 1934, and premiered in London under Adrian Boult in April 1935, Symphony No. 4 confounded many of its first listeners through its violence and severity. They mistook it for something totally new in Vaughan Williams’ previously often pastoral output. In fact it brought the dark undercurrents of such works as the Piano Concerto (1926-31) and the ‘masque’ (ballet), Job (1927-30) to the surface in a sustained manner for the first time. During rehearsals for a performance he conducted in 1937, he said, “I don’t know if I like it, but it’s what I meant.” allegro 19

Concert Program


Wednesday, October 8 Classical Mystery Tour: The Music of The Beatles Gordon Gerrard conductor Classical Mystery Tour Jim Owen rhythm guitar, piano, vocals Tony Kishman bass guitar, piano, vocals David John lead guitar, vocals Chris Camilleri drums, vocals





Gordon Gerrard conductor

Classical Mystery Tour

Gordon Gerrard is a respected figure in the new generation of Canadian musicians. Trained first as a pianist and subsequently as a specialist in operatic repertoire, Gordon brings a fresh perspective to the podium.

The four musicians in Classical Mystery Tour look and sound just like The Beatles, but Classical Mystery Tour is more than just a rock concert. The show presents more than two dozen Beatles tunes transcribed note-for-note and performed exactly as they were originally recorded.

For four seasons Gordon held the positions of Resident Conductor and Repetiteur for Calgary Opera. He led many productions while in residence in Calgary, and has subsequently been invited back to help launch Calgary Opera’s summer opera festival Opera in the Village with productions of Candide and The Pirates of Penzance. Gordon has also conducted productions for Opera Hamilton to critical acclaim, and was Assistant Conductor for several productions at Opera Lyra Ottawa. Gordon returns to Opera McGill this season to lead a production of Le Nozze di Figaro. After two successful seasons as Assistant Conductor of the Vancouver Symphony Orchestra, Gordon has recently been promoted to the newly created post of Associate Conductor.

Classical Mystery Tour is the best of The Beatles – from early Beatles music on through the solo years – like you've never heard them before. Many have called it “the best show the Beatles never did!” Since its initial performance at the Orange County Performing Arts Center in 1996, Classical Mystery Tour has performed hundreds of concerts with orchestras across the United States and around the world, and has received countless accolades from fans as well as media.  ■

"Classical Mystery Tour is the best of The Beatles – from early Beatles music on through the solo years – like you've never heard them before."

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“ From Cardboard to Concertos ” WHAT MAKES A GREAT MUSICIAN? Is it talent, dedication, determination, or drive? Of course, all of these are qualities that are necessary to be a great musician, but what is it that actually makes a musician great?

What truly gives rise to the greatest musicians is that along their journey, they had people who believed in them unconditionally. It’s the teachers who give the student unrelenting support and encouragement. It’s the parents who drive their children to music lessons after a long day at work because they know the value of music in a child’s education. VSO violist Matt Davies is one of these lucky few. From the time he was a child, his musical path has been linked with people who supported him and given him the tools he needed to be great.

Beginnings on a violin I grew up in Chilliwack. My dad was a paramedic and my mom an Emergency Room nurse. They weren’t musicians, but we did have a lot of music in my house growing up. My parents wanted my two sisters and me to have exposure to a variety of activities that would give us skills later in life, and music was one of them. I started out playing the violin, and my first instrument was something my dad made for me from a cardboard box when I was four years old. He cut the body of the violin from the box; the neck of the violin was a wooden ruler and he drew strings on the ruler with a marker.”

Violin to viola

“I started taking group music classes on my And to think it all began with a cardboard box... cardboard violin when I was four at the Langley Community Music School, and then at five I got

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my first real violin. That’s also about the time I began my private violin lessons with Dr. Calvin Dyck. But at eleven years-old I began to lose interest in the violin. It also didn’t help that by that age I was already six feet tall! I was eleven years old, and tall and skinny—the violin felt so small to me! Dr. Dyck noticed my waning interest, dug out an old viola from the back of his closet, and suggested to my parents that I give that a try instead.”

Something special “I noticed some big changes right away. First of all, because the viola is a larger-sized instrument it didn’t feel so awkward. Second, suddenly I was really special! Not many eleven year-olds play the viola, so I became very popular! I liked to emphasize the differences between the violin and my new instrument, and I started getting a lot of positive feedback about the sounds I was producing. Everyone agreed it was a great match.”

Concertos and chamber music “Dr. Dyck suggested in my early teens that I go study with a violist because they would better know the repertoire I needed to learn, so he introduced me to Heilwig Königslow. I really advanced as a solo player with her, and we worked through a big chunk of the standard viola repertoire. But the best thing was that she put me in a string quartet and spent hours coaching us every week on chamber music. I had never been exposed to chamber music before! I didn’t even know it existed, and suddenly a whole new world opened up to me! That is still where I feel the viola has the opportunity showcase its unique voice and versatility the best—in a string quartet.”

Let the auditions begin “I started auditioning for orchestral jobs in the final year of my undergraduate degree at the San Francisco Conservatory. I decided, however, to do my M.Mus degree at the New England Conservatory in Boston. A door really opened for me in that opportunity and I had

to take it. I got to study with one of the best violists in the world, Kim Kashkashian, and on a full scholarship. I continued to audition for jobs and got further in the process during my time with Kim, but still didn’t win any positions. Getting closer to the end of my time at NEC, I had taken close to twelve auditions and was getting really frustrated. I heard from a friend about an amazing teacher named Ralph Fielding at a small, private university in Boca Raton, Florida. I had a lesson with him over Skype and he said ‘Yeah. You have what it takes. Come study with me and you’ll win a job.’”

It’s all in your mind Ralph’s work with me was, of course, on the repertoire that I needed to prepare for auditions, but the major focus of our time together was actually on how to calm stress levels and use your mind to your advantage during auditions, so that when you get into the audition, your nerves and stress don’t diminish all of the preparation you’ve done. He was a very methodical man and really knew what I was up against in battling my nerves. I also felt during my time with him that everything I learned in my undergrad in San Francisco and during my time at NEC, all started to come together. And he didn’t lie. As soon as I finished two years with him in 2012, I won my job at the VSO!

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Concert Program VS O C H A M B ER P LAY E R S



Thursday, October 9, 7:30pm Sunday, October 12, 2pm


VIVALDI Trio Sonata in D minor, RV63 La Folia Jennie Press violin Karen Gerbrecht violin Janet Steinberg cello Doreen Oke harpsichord TARTINI Devil’s Trill Sonata Jennie Press violin Janet Steinberg cello Doreen Oke harpsichord


FARR Kembang Suling

(Three musical snapshots of Asia)

Rosanne Wieringa flute Vern Griffiths marimba


KOPPEL Tarantella for Violin and Marimba Karen Gerbrecht violin Vern Griffiths marimba VERN GRIFFITHS

KODALY Duo for Violin and Cello, Op. 7 Rebecca Whitling violin Cristian Márkos cello


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Concert Program



Saturday, October 11 Cirque Musica GORDON GERRARD / VSO

Gordon Gerrard conductor For a biography of Gordon Gerrard please refer to page 22.

Cirque Musica The Cirque Musica cast consists of the world’s greatest Cirque performers from around the world. Cast members include the world famous Wallendas Duo (Lyric and Rietta Wallenda), the Espana Family (Noemi, Elan, Vivian, and Noe), and more. Most of the cast members are multi-generation Circus performers and grew up performing in cirque/circus shows.  ■


Gordon Gerrard conductor FUCIK Entry of the Gladiators RIMSKY-KORSAKOV Flight of the Bumblebee OFFENBACH Orpheus in the Underworld: Can Can

WILLIAMS Star Wars: Imperial Death March MUSSORGSKY Night on Bald Mountain WILLIAMS Theme song to Star Wars WILLIAMS Theme song to Superman INTERMISSION

TCHAIKOVSKY 1812 Overture DUKAS Sorcerer’s Apprentice COPLAND Hoe Down from Rodeo ROSSINI William Tell Overture: Finale BEETHOVEN Symphony No. 5 allegro 29

Concert Program



Monday, October 20


Joshua Weilerstein conductor Adam Golka piano LIGETI Romanian Concerto CHOPIN Piano Concerto No. 2 in F minor, Op. 21

I. Maestoso II. Larghetto III. Allegro vivace


BRAHMS Symphony No. 4 in E minor, Op. 98

I. Allegro non troppo II. Andante moderato III. Allegro giocoso IV. Allegro energico e passionato



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Joshua Weilerstein conductor

Since winning the Malko Conducting Competition in 2009, Joshua Weilerstein has rapidly become one of the most sought-after young conductors in the world. In 2013/14, he made his subscription debut with the New York Philharmonic, where he is in his last season as Assistant Conductor. Other U.S. debuts this season include Baltimore and Fort Worth symphony orchestras and New Mexico Philharmonic. In Europe, he makes debuts with Orchestre National de Lyon, Orchestre de la Suisse Romande, Royal Liverpool Philharmonic, Bergen Philharmonic, Orchestre National de Belgique, Salzburg Mozarteumorchester, and the Orchestre de Chambre de Lausanne. He returns to the BBC Symphony, Oslo Philharmonic, Danish National Symphony, Finnish Radio Symphony, Swedish Chamber Orchestra, and Northern Sinfonia, among others. Born into a musical family, Mr. Weilerstein decided to enter the music profession after a life-changing experience during a youth orchestra tour of South and Central America. He studied at the New England Conservatory, where he received dual Master of Music degrees in conducting and violin in 2011.

Adam Golka piano Adam Golka has appeared with the Atlanta, Houston, Dallas, Indianapolis, Milwaukee, Phoenix, San Diego, and Fort Worth Symphonies; abroad with the BBC Scottish Symphony, the NACO in Ottawa, Shanghai, and Warsaw Philharmonics, and the Orquesta Filarmonica de Jalisco. He has played recitals in Paris, Tokyo, Amsterdam, Wroclaw and at the Duszniki Chopin Festival in Poland; in America at Caramoor, Ravinia, Mostly Mozart in New York, Music@Menlo in California, and at the Newport Music Festival. This season, Adam will appear in recitals curated by Andras Schiff in Berlin, New York and Zurich. Other 2014/15 highlights include weeks with the San Diego, Brevard, and Richmond Symphonies; and a residency and Chopin recital at the Cliburn Festival. 32 allegro

He works in masterclasses with Andras Schiff, Richard Goode and Mitsuko Uchida. Adam Golka has recently been appointed Artist-inResidence at the College of the Holy Cross in Worcester, MA beginning in the 2014/2015 season.

György Sándor Ligeti " szentmárton, Transylvania / May 28, 1923 b. Dicso d. Vienna, Austria / June 12, 2006

Concert Românesc (Romanian Concerto) Regarded as one of the most important avant-garde composers in the second half of the last century, Ligeti’s music came to the general public’s attention through Stanley Kubrick’s film, 2001: A Space Odyssey – though without the composer’s permission (Kubrick later used Ligeti’s atmospheric and sometimes haunting music again, this time with the composer’s blessing, in The Shining). Ligeti’s love of the folk music of his native Romania flavoured and influenced much of his music, and the composer describes his Romanian Concerto, and the strange political atmosphere with which new music at the time had to contend, as follows: “In 1949, when I was twenty-six, I learned how to transcribe folk songs from wax cylinders at the Folklore Institute in Bucharest. Many of these melodies stuck in my memory and led in 1951 to the composition of my Romanian Concerto. However, not everything in it is genuinely Romanian as I also invented elements in the spirit of the village bands. I was later able to hear the piece at an orchestral rehearsal in Budapest—a public performance had been forbidden."

Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin b. Zelozowa, Wola (near Warsaw) / March 1, 1810 d. Paris, France / October 17, 1849

Piano Concerto No. 2 in F minor, Op. 21 The name “Chopin” has become synonymous with the piano, and for good reason: no other composer truly mastered the technical characteristics and voice of the instrument to the extent that Chopin did. Chopin’s extraordinary piano technique coupled with

his brilliant sense of melody to produce some of the most memorable passages in all of the piano literature. The F minor concerto Piano Concerto No. 2 played here today is actually the first that he wrote, though it is numbered as his second. Work was begun on the concerto at the age of nineteen, during the composer’s visit to Vienna in 1829. It was completed upon his return to Poland, and despite Chopin’s youth and inexperience, evidence of the beginnings of a great genius is spread throughout this work. The first movement is of fairly standard format for a concerto, and nothing truly remarkable occurs until the soloist’s entry.

"...evidence of the beginnings of a great genius is spread throughout this work." It is here that the composer’s personality and intimate knowledge of the piano begins to emerge. A beautiful, lyrical slow movement ensues, based on a simple enough A-B-A pattern that Chopin manages to embellish beautifully throughout. The finale is a sparkling dance, based on a Polish mazurka (a country dance) that Chopin brilliantly brings to life through the keyboard.

Johannes Brahms b. Hamburg, Germany / May 7, 1833 d. Vienna, Austria / April 3, 1897

Symphony No. 4 in E minor, Op. 98 Johannes Brahms was the quintessential composer, and his musical influences were complex: he loved and venerated the music of Mozart and Haydn, and studied the compositions and styles of Bach and early music writers with great earnestness and respect; but he worshipped Beethoven. The obvious influence of this towering musical figure worked its way into much of what Brahms wrote, though incorporated with breathtaking originality. Perhaps Beethoven’s greatest gift to Brahms was his spirit, and his willingness to push the boundaries and explore music to its furthermost reaches. This spirit inspired Brahms to push the standard forms of

Classical writing to their utmost, and create music that even Beethoven would have greatly admired. In fact, it is the E minor Symphony No. 4 where the distinct “Brahmsian” synthesis of Classical style and Romantic expression reaches its pinnacle. An epic work, it is as unmoving and unmovable as a mountain, steadfast and resolute in sense of drama mingled with nostalgia, and unapologetic in style. The opening of the work is all noble understatement – a sense of the heroic shines through, but still reserved in character; though beneath the surface of restraint, tension is felt, as the music aspires to, and hints at, something greater. The Andante second movement is one of the most beautiful of the many beautiful slow movements that Brahms wrote. More emotion comes through to the surface, as the scope of the symphony’s material continues to emerge.

"This spirit inspired Brahms to push the standard forms of Classical writing to their utmost, and create music that even Beethoven would have greatly admired." The third movement could not be more different, as suddenly, Brahms presents a fullon Scherzo, teeming with energy and zeal, an unexpected but welcome feeling of ebullience punctuated by a prominent, cheeky tinkling of the triangle. The fourth movement is a passacaglia, more or less, that features thirty themes and variations vying for attention in a emotional, and utterly brilliant finale. This passacaglia directly references a melody from J.S. Bach’s Cantata No. 150, though Brahms created from it a passacaglia of unmatched complexity and weight. This is an epic movement, a grand and towering finale that builds from beginning to end through each variation to a conclusion of such majesty that it feels less like the end of a symphony, and more like what it was: an end to a brilliant symphonic career.  ■ Program Notes © 2014 James Alexander

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20 14/ 15 Yo-Yo Ma

Lang Lang

2014/2015 Season

Bramwell Tovey with the Vancouver Symphony Orchestra

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Karen Gomyo Philippe Quint

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Katherine Chi Ray Chen

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Concert Program T EA & T R U M P ET S OR P H EU M T H EATR E , 2 P M

Thursday, October 23 The Legend of Faust Gordon Gerrard conductor Christopher Gaze host/narrator UBC Opera Ensemble GOUNOD Faust


The famous legend of Faust, who made a pact with the devil to exchange his soul for unlimited knowledge and worldly pleasures, was set to brilliant music by Charles Gounod. Hear the story and the music in a sensational start to the Tea & Trumpets series.

TEA & COOKIES Don’t miss tea and cookies served in the lobby one hour before each concert, compliments of Tetley Tea and LU Biscuits.




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A gifted public speaker, Christopher frequently shares his insights on the theatre and Shakespeare out in the community with school groups, service organizations and local businesses. Christopher’s many honours include induction into the BC Entertainment Hall of Fame, Canada’s Meritorious Service Medal (2004), Honorary Doctorates from UBC & SFU, the BC Community Achievement Award (2007), the Gold Medallion from the Children’s Theatre Foundation of America (2007), the Mayor’s Arts Award for Theatre (2011) and the Order of British Columbia (2012).

UBC Opera Ensemble


Gordon Gerrard conductor For a biography of Gordon Gerrard please refer to page 22.

Christopher Gaze host/narrator

Born and educated in England, Christopher Gaze was inspired to come to Canada in 1975 by his mentor, legendary Shakespearean actor Douglas Campbell. He spent three seasons at the Shaw Festival in Niagara-onthe-Lake then moved to Vancouver in 1983. After a couple of experiences with other outdoor Shakespeare events, Christopher recognized the potential in blending excellent Shakespeare productions with Vancouver’s spectacular location. In 1990 he founded Bard on the Beach Shakespeare Festival where Bard’s signature open-ended performance tent allowed the actors to perform against a backdrop of the city’s skyline and mountains.

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The University of British Columbia Opera Ensemble was founded by Canadian lyric coloratura Nancy Hermiston in 1995. Beginning with a core of seven performers, Miss Hermiston has built the program to a 90-member company, performing three main productions at UBC every season, seven Opera Tea Concerts, and several engagements with local community partners. The Ensemble’s mission is to educate young, gifted opera singers, preparing them for international careers. Past main stage productions have included Le Nozze di Figaro, Die Zauberflöte, The Merry Wives of Windsor, Suor Angelica, La Bohème, Dido and Aeneas, The Merry Widow, Manon, Eugene Onegin, Falstaff, Don Giovanni, Cendrillon, Albert Herring, the Western Canadian premiere of Harry Somers’ Louis Riel, The Crucible, Rusalka, Così fan tutte, Dialogues des Carmélites, and Carmen. 2014/2015 season includes The Bartered Bride, Le Nozze di Figaro and La Traviata. They will be travelling to the Czech Republic this summer performing Smetena’s opera The Bartered Bride.  ■

Vancouver Symphony Foundation

Ensure the VSO’s future with a special gift to the Vancouver Symphony Foundation, established to secure the long term success of the Vancouver Symphony Orchestra. The Vancouver Symphony family extends its sincere thanks to these donors, whose gifts will ensure that the VSO remains a strong and vital force in our community long into the future. $4,000,000 or more Government of Canada through the Department of Canadian Heritage Endowment Incentives Program $1,000,000 or more Ron and Ardelle Cliff Martha Lou Henley Province of BC through the BC Arts Renaissance Fund under the stewardship of the Vancouver Foundation Alan and Gwendoline Pyatt The Jim Pattison Foundation $500,000 or more Werner (Vern) and Helga Höing Wayne and Leslie Ann Ingram $250,000 or more Carter (Family) Deux Mille Foundation Mr. Hassan and Mrs. Nezhat Khosrowshahi The Tong and Geraldine Louie Family Foundation Hermann and Erika Stölting Arthur H. Willms Family $100,000 or more Mary and Gordon Christopher Janey Gudewill and Peter Cherniavsky In memory of their Father Jan Cherniavsky and Grandmother Mrs. B.T. Rogers Malcolm Hayes and Lester Soo

In Memory of John S. Hodge Michael and Estelle Jacobson S.K. Lee in memory of Mrs. Cheng Koon Lee Katherine Lu in Memory of Professors Mr. and Mrs. Ngou Kang William and Irene McEwen Fund Sheahan and Gerald McGavin, C.M., O.B.C. McGrane-Pearson Endowment Fund Nancy and Peter Paul Saunders Ken and Patricia Shields George and Marsha Taylor Whittall Family Fund $50,000 or more Adera Development Corporation Winslow and Betsy Bennett Brazfin Investments Ltd. Mary Ann Clark Leon and Joan Tuey Rosemarie Wertschek, Q.C. $25,000 or more Jeff and Keiko Alexander Robert G. Brodie and K. Suzanne Brodie Mrs. May Brown, C.M., O.B.C. Mrs. Margaret M. Duncan W. Neil Harcourt in Memory of Frank N. Harcourt Daniella and John Icke Paul Moritz Mrs. Gordon T. Southam, C.M. Maestro Bramwell Tovey and Mrs. Lana Penner-Tovey Anonymous (1)

$10,000 or more Mrs. Marti Barregar Kathy and Stephen Bellringer Mrs. Geraldine Biely K. Taryn Brodie Douglas and Marie-Elle Carrothers Mr. Justice Edward Chiasson and Mrs. Dorothy Chiasson Dr. Marla Kiess Chantal O’Neil and Colin Erb Dan and Trudy Pekarsky Bob and Paulette Reid Nancy and Robert Stewart Beverley and Eric Watt Anonymous (2) $5,000 or more Charles and Barbara Filewych Edwina and Paul Heller Kaatza Foundation Prof. Kin Lo Rex and Joanne McLennan Marion L. Pearson and James M. Orr Mollie Massie and Hein Poulus Melvyn and June Tanemura Bella Tata / Zarine Dastur: In Memory of Shirin (Kermani) and Dali Tata Nico and Linda Verbeek Anonymous (1) The Vancouver Symphony gratefully acknowledges the support of those donors who have made a commitment of up to $5,000 to the Vancouver Symphony Foundation. Regretfully, space limitations prevent a complete listing.

Tax creditable gifts of cash, securities and planned gifts are gratefully received and your gift is enhanced with matching funds from the Federal Government.

Please call Mary Butterfield Director of Individual & Legacy Giving at 604.684.9100 ext. 238 or email to learn more. allegro 39

Concert Program


Friday & Saturday, October 24 & 25

Sultans of String


John Morris Russell conductor Sultans of String Chris McKhool leader/violin Kevin Laliberté guitars Drew Birston bass Eddie Paton guitars Eric Breton percussion Doreen Dasol Yun violin SMETANA

The Bartered Bride: Dance of the Comedians

SARASATE Zigeunerweisen, Op. 20 BIZET Carmen: Danse Boheme SULTANS OF STRING Alhambra Josie Emerald Swing Road to Kfarmishki Luna



Samson and Delilah: Danse Bacchanale



Al Vuelo Sable Island Will You Marry Me? Palmas Auyuittuq Sunrise



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GONE MOBILE! check out the mobile website at Concert listings, photos/bios, concert planning, and ticket sales — all at your fingertips!


John Morris Russell conductor Consistently winning international praise for his extraordinary music-making and visionary leadership, John Morris Russell is Conductor of the Cincinnati Pops, Music Director of the Hilton Head Symphony and the first ever Conductor Laureate of the Windsor (ON) Symphony Orchestra; prior to that appointment he served as that orchestra’s Music Director for many seasons. As a guest conductor, Maestro Russell has led many of North America’s most distinguished ensembles, including the orchestras of Toronto, Calgary, Edmonton, Victoria, Vancouver, Detroit, Houston, Indianapolis, Dallas, Minnesota, Miami’s New World Symphony, the New Jersey Symphony, the Oregon Symphony, Colorado Symphony, New York City Ballet, New York Pops, the New York Philharmonic, the Cleveland Orchestra and the Los Angeles Philharmonic.

grooves. Throughout, acoustic mastery meets with a symphony of sound, deepened by world rhythms that inspire whole audiences to get up and dance. Since forming seven years ago, Sultans of String have been on a meteoric rise with an astonishing number of awards and accolades in tow, including a JUNO® nomination, two CFMAs, SiriusXM Indies Award, first place in the ISC (out of 15,000 entries), plus invitations to play with such legendary artists as The Chieftains and David Bromberg. The Chieftains’ very own Paddy Moloney guests on Symphony.

Doreen Dasol Yun violin Seventeen year-old Canadian violinist Doreen Dasol Yun has already performed a large part of the major violin repertoire in Canada, USA, Russia, Austria, Italy, and Korea.

She has won numerous prizes and awards including the Vancouver Youth Symphony Orchestra Concerto Competition, the Vancouver Philharmonic Orchestra Concerto Mr. Russell received a Master of Music degree Competition, and the Gabora Prize for in conducting from the University of Southern outstanding performances of the Tchaikovsky California, Los Angeles, and a Bachelor of Violin Concerto, the Paganini Concerto Arts degree in music from Williams College in in D, and the Papanas Overture for Solo Violin. Massachusetts. She is also a repeat scholarship winner at the renowned Casalmaggiore International "Throughout, acoustic mastery Festival in Italy. John Morris Russell has had two recordings released with the Cincinnati Pops: Home for the Holidays and Superheroes!

meets with a symphony of sound, deepened by world rhythms that inspire whole audiences to get up and dance."

Sultans of String Known for dizzying music jams, poly-rhythms and revved up riffs, the Sultans of String sound can't be pinned down — it's Sable Island meets the Silk Road, with detours through the Gypsy-Jazz coffeehouses of Eastern Europe, next an East Coast Kitchen Party, then over to the bustling markets of Cuba. Fiery violin dances with kinetic guitar while a funky bass lays down unstoppable

Doreen Dasol Yun has performed in masterclasses for Prof. Dora Schwarzberg (Musik Hochschule, Vienna), Midori Goto (Los Angeles), Maestro Raffi Armenian (Montréal), and was a concertmaster of the Vancouver Youth Symphony Orchestra during the season of 2012/2013. She began studying violin at the age of seven with Nancy Suk and since 2010 has been studying with Prof. Taras Gabora.  ■

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Concert Program KIDS' K O N CE RTS / O RPHEUM THE ATR E , 2P M

Sunday, October 26

Chris McKhool’s FiddleFire! John Morris Russell conductor Chris McKhool performer Doreen Dasol Yun violin


SMETANA The Bartered Bride: ◆

Dance of the Comedians

SARASATE Zigeunerweisen, Op. 20 BACH Brandenburg Concerto No. 6 in B-flat Major, BWV 1051

III. Allegro

SAINT-SAËNS (ARR. RUSSELL) Carnival of the Animals

I. The Swan II. The Elephant

ELIZABETH VOLPÉ BLIGH The Damselfly The Downstairs Spider

MEMBERS OF SULTANS OF STRING High Wire Mandolin Fiddle vs. Violin Medley Rainflower/Kitchen Party Auyuittuq Sunrise


VSO Instrument Fair

The Kids' Koncerts series continues with the popular VSO Instrument Fair, which allows music lovers of all ages (but especially kids!) to touch and play real orchestra instruments in the Orpheum lobby one hour before concert start time. All instruments are generously provided by Tom Lee Music.


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John Morris Russell conductor For a biography of Maestro Russell please refer to page 43.

Chris McKhool’s FiddleFire!

“Children’s musical star” (National Post) Chris McKhool has been delighting audiences with infectious songs and exotic world instruments for two decades, performing original songs from his appearances on Mr. Dressup, YTV’s Treehouse, and CBC Television and Radio. He has reached over 1 million children live in concert, winning 3 Parents’ Choice Awards in the U.S., 2 Canadian Folk Music Awards and a JUNO® Award nomination for his FiddleFire! children’s album. 

He also won Best Children’s Entertainer at the Festivals & Events Ontario Awards, an Environment Canada Action Award and the 2013 Queen's Diamond Jubilee Medal for commitment to environmental and social activism through his music.   With FiddleFire!, McKhool and his musical friends from Sultans of String get kids and families clapping, dancing and singing songs. Kids and their parents scat-sing, become a rhythm section, and join McKhool on stage to play rare percussion instruments from around the world!

Doreen Dasol Yun violin For a biography of Doreen Dasol Yun please refer to page 43.  ■

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Concert Program S P EC IA L S / OR P H EU M T H E ATR E , 7 : 3 0 P M

Thursday, October 30 Nosferatu!

A Special Hallowe'en Presentation Gillian Anderson conductor Film accompaniment by Hans Erdmann (1888-1942) Reconstructed by Gillian Anderson and James Kessler Director: Friedrich Wilhelm Murnau



A Hallowe’en spectacular! The great 1922 Silent Film Nosferatu is the original Dracula movie. No charming aristocrat like later Draculas, this vampire is scary and macabre, a living corpse who feeds mercilessly on his victims. Hailed as one of the greatest movie adaptations of the vampire legend, aided by Max Schrek’s frightening performance as Count Orlock, Nosferatu will be presented with the music performed live by the Vancouver Symphony Orchestra. You’ll never have more fun being scared, celebrating Hallowe’en with the VSO!

COME IN COSTUME! Give us your best

zombie, vampire, werewolf—or whatever you dream up—to win VSO tickets!

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uctor (Budap



A N N E I V O T E T U SAL uary t 2015 • Jan

Concer New Year's

1 at 2:30PM

Gillian Anderson

gloomy melodics really emphasizes the horror of the film and contributes to the unified realization conductor of the whole. After this auspicious beginning, there followed a series of disasters which Conductor and musicologist Gillian Anderson immediately limited the impact of Nosferatu. has conducted throughout the United States, The producer, Prana Films, went into bankruptcy Europe, South America, and Canada, and (as might have been expected from a company has conducted many of the greatest silent that spent as much money on the premiere as films in movie history in synchronization on the making of the film). Even more serious, with their projection at numerous notable the company had not applied for nor received film festivals, universities, and with many the appropriate copyright clearances for use symphony orchestras. She has participated of the English novel, Dracula. Therefore, when in the restoration and reconstruction of the original orchestral scores written to accompany Florence Stoker, the author’s widow, brought a successful copyright infringement suit against over forty of the greatest silent films including the company, in lieu of money she was able to The Gold Rush (Chaplin, 1925), Ben Hur (Niblo, 1926), La Bohème (Vidor, 1926), and Robin Hood obtain permission to have the negative and all copies of the film destroyed. In spite of her suit, (Fairbanks, 1923) to name a very select few. Ms. Anderson has also written four books on the however, a few copies of the film survived, and subject of the restoration of music for the silent appeared at subsequent screenings of film clubs film, and with Ron Sadoff is the co-editor of the in Europe (Aaron Copland saw Nosferatu at a journal Music and the Moving Image (University film club in Paris where it inspired him to write a ballet) and in the United States. Eventually of Illinois Press). a copy of Nosferatu ended up in the Museum of Modern Art circulating film library where among an audience of film fans and specialists it contributed to Murnau’s reputation for superb (Murnau, 1922) visual spectacle. Other copies ended up at the John Gottowt Murnau’s Nosferatu, A Symphony Cinemathèque français and in Spain. However, of Horrors premiered on March 4, 1922 in the original score which had contributed to the the Marble Hall of the Zoological Gardens in film’s initial success no longer accompanied any Berlin, Germany. It was the first film to be of the surviving copies. based on Bram Stoker’s Dracula. The reviews Erdmann’s original score to Nosferatu of the film were very favourable. In its advance was forgotten and now is lost. Fortunately, announcements the Prana-Film Company said a 40-minute work entitled Fantastischit was going to create a “Symphony of Horror,” romantische Suite was made from it and and it completely succeeded. The film preys published in 1926. After her successful like a demon on the senses and envelops copyright suit against Prana Films, Florence the moviegoer in its eerie vision. A large part Stoker authorized two new stage versions of of the credit for this success belongs to the her husband’s novel. Both featured a sanitized, direction of F. W. Murnau, who prepared the well-bred Dracula. This gentrified vampire canvas for the horror of the proceedings by was a far cry from the foul-breathed, hairy, using impressive footage of genuine nature. evil monster of the novel, Dracula, and of the As background he used shots of the rugged first film, Nosferatu. By again exercising her wildly fissured rocky terrain of the Carpathian copyright, Florence Stoker was able to insist Mountains and with the wonderful pictures of that the plays with their altered main character the ocean he constructed the Black Sea, upon serve as the sources for most of the subsequent whose flood-tide the ghostly phantom ship sound film adaptations. There are three main with it dismal freight pushed on. The overture sources for a reconstruction of the original to Heinrich Marschner’s opera, The Vampire musical accompaniment to Murnau’s Nosferatu: (1828), preceded the film’s live orchestral accompaniment by Hans Erdmann (1888–1942), Erdmann’s Fantastisch-romantische Suiten, the Erdmann/Becce handbook, Allgemeines whose work was also hailed in the press (films Handbuch der Filmmusik, and reviews of the of the silent era, 1894–1929, were frequently accompanied by live music; the biggest theatres 1922 premiere in the German press. Adapted from a description by Gillian had full orchestras, medium-sized theatres Anderson. For the full description of the had ten-piece ensembles, and the smallest neighborhood theatres had only a piano or organ musical reconstruction of Nosferatu, please see the Nosferatu concert page on the for accompaniment). Hans Erdmann created a VSO website.  ■ musical accompaniment which through its

Nosferatu, A Symphony of Horrors

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The Vancouver Symphony gratefully acknowledges the generosity of the following supporters who made a commitment to the 2013/2014 season and thanks those who have demonstrated their leadership with an early commitment to the 2014/2015 season.

GOLD BATON CLUB Gifts from $50,000 and Up Dr. Peter and Mrs. Stephanie Chung Mrs. Irene McEwen* Mr. Alan and Mrs. Gwendoline Pyatt* MAESTRO'S CIRCLE Gifts from $35,000 to $49,999 Heathcliff Foundation* The R & J Stern Family Foundation Gifts from $25,000 to $34,999 Mr. Gerald McGavin, C.M., O.B.C. and Mrs. Sheahan McGavin* Michael and Irene Webb CONCERTMASTER'S CIRCLE Gifts from $15,000 to $24,999 The Christopher Foundation (Education Fund) Martha Lou Henley* Lagniappe Foundation Michael O’Brian Family Foundation Mr. Fred Withers and Dr. Kathy Jones Anonymous* Gifts from $10,000 to $14,999 Larry and Sherrill Berg Mary and Gordon Christopher Foundation* Mr. and Mrs. G.A. Cooper Mrs. Margaret M. Duncan The Gudewill Family Werner (Vern) and Helga Höing* Ms. Sumiko Hui Yoshiko Karasawa McGrane-Pearson Endowment Fund Mr. Brian W. and Mrs. Joan Mitchell

Andrè and Julie Molnar Thomas and Lorraine Skidmore Maestro Bramwell Tovey and Mrs. Lana Penner-Tovey* Arthur H. Willms Family* Gordon Young Anonymous PRINCIPAL PLAYERS Gifts from $7,500 to $9,999 Mrs. Joyce E. Clarke Dave Cunningham In Memory of John Hodge* Kenneth W. and Ellen L. Mahon* Mollie Massie and Hein Poulus* Mr. Ken and Mrs. Patricia Shields Gifts from $5,000 to $7,499 Dr. and Mrs. J. Abel Jeff and Keiko Alexander* Etienne Bruson Dr. Don and Mrs. Susan Cameron Philip and Pauline Chan Ian and Frances Dowdeswell Mr. Sam and Mrs. Patti Gudewill Hillary Haggan Diane Hodgins Dr. Marla Kiess* Judi and David Korbin The Lutsky Families Bruce and Margo MacDonald Mirhady Family Fund, held at the Vancouver Foundation John Hardie Mitchell Family Foundation John Slater and Patrick Wang Leon and Joan Tuey* Anonymous (2)

BENEFACTORS Gifts from $3,500 to $4,999 Mr. Hans and Mrs. Nancy Alwart Kathy and Stephen Bellringer* Hank and Janice Ketcham Prof. Kin Lo* Mr. and Mrs. Hebert Menten* Christine Nicolas Dr. Rosemary Wilkinson Dr. and Mrs. Edward Yeung Gifts from $2,500 to $3,499 Ann Claire Angus Fund Nicholas Asimakopulos Betsy Bennett* The Ken Birdsall Fund Gerhard and Ariane Bruendl* Marnie Carter* Janis and Bill Clarke Edward Colin and Alanna Nadeau Ms. Judy Garner Heather Holmes John and Daniella Icke* Olga Ilich Herbert Jenkin Gordon and Kelly Johnson Don and Lou Laishley M. Lois Milson Joan Morris in loving Memory of Dr. Hugh C. Morris Joan and Michael Riley Mr. and Mrs. Maurice A. Roden Bernard Rowe and Annette Stark Dr. Earl and Mrs. Anne Shepherd Ms. Dorothy P. Shields Wallace and Gloria Shoemay

For more information about the Patrons' Circle and the exclusive benefits associated with this program, please contact Leanne Davis Vice President, Chief Development Officer at

604.684.9100 ext. 236 or email 50 allegro

Mrs. Mary Anne Sigal Mel and June Tanemura* George and Marsha Taylor* Mr. and Mrs. David H. Trischuk Michael R. Williams Bruce Munro Wright Anonymous* Anonymous PATRONS Gifts from $2,000 to $2,499 Count Enrico and Countess Aline Dobrzensky Ann Ehrcke and Michael Levy In Memory of Betty Howard Mr. Hassan and Mrs. Nezhat Khosrowshahi* Bill and Risa Levine Violet and Bruce Macdonald Nancy and Frank Margitan Dr. Robert S. Rothwell* Mark Tindle and Leslie Cliff Arthur Toft in Memory of Fred and Minnie Toft Anonymous (2)

Gifts from $1,500 to $1,999 Gordon and Minke Armstrong Derek and Stella Atkins Mr. R. Paul and Mrs. Elizabeth Beckmann Roberta Lando Beiser* Dr. and Mrs. J. Deen Brosnan Mrs. May Brown, C.M., O.B.C.* Mr. Justice Edward Chiasson and Mrs. Dorothy Chiasson* Doug and Anne Courtemanche Leanne Davis and Vern Griffiths Barbara J. Dempsey Jean Donaldson Sharon F. Douglas Darren Downs and Jacqueline Harris Dennis Friesen for Gwen Mrs. San Given Marietta Hurst* Michael and Estelle Jacobson* D.L. Janzen in Memory of Jeannie Kuyper C.V. Kent Drs. Colleen Kirkham and Stephen Kurdyak Uri and Naomi Kolet in honor of Aviva’s New York Ordination Hugh and Judy Lindsay

Hank and Andrea Luck Art and Angela Monahan Nancy Morrison Dal and Muriel Richards Dr. William H. and Ruthie Ross Mrs. Joan Scobell David and Cathy Scott Dr. Peter and Mrs. Sandra Stevenson-Moore Dr. Ian and Jane Strang L. Thom Garth and Lynette Thurber Dr. Johann Van Eeden Nico and Linda Verbeek Beverley and Eric Watt* Dr. Brian Willoughby Eric and Shirley Wilson Dr. I.D. Woodhouse Nancy Wu Anonymous (3)  ■ * Members of the Patrons’ Circle who have further demonstrated their support by making an additional gift to the Vancouver Symphony Foundation’s endowment fund.

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Concert Program G OL D C ORP M ASTE RWO R KS G O LD OR P H EU M T H EATR E , 8 P M

Saturday & Monday, November 1 & 3 Diego Matheuz conductor Marc-André Hamelin piano MONCAYO Huapango MOZART Piano Concerto No. 27 in Bb Major, K595 I. Allegro II. Larghetto III. Allegro


BERLIOZ Symphonie fantastique, Op. 14 DIEGO MATHEUZ

I. II. III. IV. V.

Rêveries – Passions (Daydreams – Passions) Un bal (A ball) Scène aux champs (Scene in the Fields) Marche au supplice (March to the Scaffold) Songe d'une nuit de sabbat (Dream of a Witches' Sabbath)


free to ticketholders at 7:05pm.




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Diego Matheuz conductor

José Pablo Moncayo

The thirty-year-old conductor and violinist Diego Matheuz is a graduate of the internationally known Venezuelan Sistema, and is already widely known as one of the most promising developing talents from the Americas. Principal Guest Conductor of Orchestra Mozart since 2009, Matheuz was appointed Principal Conductor of Teatro la Fenice in September 2011. In August 2013 he started a three year appointment as Principal Guest Conductor of Melbourne Symphony Orchestra.

b. Guadalajara, Mexico / June 29, 1912 d. Mexico City, Mexico / June 16, 1958

Marc-André Hamelin piano

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Huapango José Pablo Moncayo was one of the three most important representatives of art music in Mexican history, a triumvirate that includes Silvestre Revueltas and Carlos Chávez. The Huapango is a musical form derived from the popular fiestas of the Veracruz, Tamaulipas, and Huasteca regions of Mexico, and traditionally, incorporates elements of music, dance and folksong. The heel-stamping During the 2014/15 season Diego makes dance (on specially-constructed wooden his debut with the Philharmonia Zurich, BBC platforms, traditionally) featured in the Philharmonic, Orchestre National de Lyon, and Huapango, known as the “taconero,” forms the the Orchestre Chambre de Paris at the Festival backbone of driving rhythms in the Huapango, de Saint-Denis. He takes up re-invitations to and is supplied by percussion in Moncayo’s the Orchestre Philharmonique de Radio France piece. Moncayo’s three-part work is specifically at their Festival Présences in Paris, and to Seiji derived from three traditional Huapangos from Ozawa's Saito Kinen Orchestra following a very successful tour of Japan and China with them in Alvarado, and alternate between rich rhythmic 2011. This season will also mark his opera debut structures and more melodic sections, effectively creating an overall impression of a cultural in Spain, conducting Donizetti's Don Pasquale journey through music and dance. at the Liceu in Barcelona.

Pianist Marc-André Hamelin is renowned for his fresh readings of the established repertoire and his intrepid exploration of lesser known works of the 19th and 20th centuries. Hamelin has appeared as recitalist, chamber musician or orchestral guest soloist at major music centres all over the world.

b. Salzburg, Austria / January 27, 1756 d. Vienna, Austria / December 5, 1791

Piano Concerto No. 27 in B-flat Major, K. 595 It is intriguing to theorize that the compositional form of piano concerto can be used to trace A prolific recording artist, Mr. Hamelin has set the development of Mozart’s musical style – to disk some 50 CDs for the Hyperion label, and, indeed, the Classical style itself, as the including his own highly inventive 12 Etudes in twenty-seven concerti for piano and orchestra all the minor keys and most recently works by that Mozart wrote span his entire career. The Schumann and Janác˘ek. Winner of the 1985 very first concerti are adaptations of Baroque Carnegie Hall Competition, Marc-André Hamelin sonatas, while the last handful foreshadow the was born in Montréal. He began to play the piano passion of the Romantic movement about to at the age of five, and by the age of nine had appear. However, where other of Mozart’s late already won top prize in the Canadian Music concertos reflected an evolution of compositional Competition. Mr. Hamelin’s principal teachers style more outwardly and obviously, his last included his father, Gilles Hamelin, Yvonne piano concerto, the B-flat Major Piano Concerto Hubert, Harvey Wedeen and Russell Sherman; No. 27, utilized a smaller orchestra and was one he studied at the École Vincent d’Indy in of the most inward-looking and personal works Montréal and then at Temple University that Mozart created. But in this introspection in Philadelphia. and outward simplicity are contained subtleties of harmony and emotion that reveal an extraordinary brilliance in the music’s composition. Perhaps only in such personal statements of music and emotion 54 allegro

can the greatest heights of composition be reached, heights that Mozart scaled many times, not the least with his last two concertos. In The Classical Style, Charles Rosen, the American pianist and writer, observes that, “Both the last piano concerto and the Clarinet Concerto (his last concerto for any instrument) are private statements. The form is never exploited for exterior effects. The slow movement aspires and attains to a condition of absolute simplicity: the slightest irregularity in phrase structure of their themes would have also appeared like an intrusion. The melodies accept the reduction to an almost perfect symmetry and triumph over all its dangers. It is fitting that Mozart, who perfected as he created the form of the classical concerto, should have made his last uses of it so personal.”

melody, after an ominous introduction. After his beloved’s melody is established, the remainder of the movement explores the artist’s (Berlioz, the subject, perhaps hero, of the work) volatile and fragile emotions, being rather, well, influenced by the opium (the piece is autobiographical, remember). The second movement’s graceful waltz is set at a lavish party, where our hero sees his beloved across the crowded room, but can’t reach her – she is soon lost amongst the dancers. Berlioz then imagines a country scene, where he has retired to deal with his clouded thoughts and doubts about Harriet. He wonderfully creates the most pastoral of atmospheres, complete with shepherds calling across the fields to each other (an oboe, usually placed off stage, in a dialogue with the English horn in call-andresponse style, creates this charming effect). In the fourth movement, our hero runs out of luck, and is marched to a guillotine to be executed b. La Côte-St-André, Isère / December 11, 1803 by beheading. The music in this March of the d. Paris, France / March 8, 1869 Supplicants contains some of the most famous Symphonie fantastique, Op. 14 melodies in the entire work, culminating in an appearance by Harriet, just before our The fascinating, extraordinary, and largely hero’s head ends up in a basket. The reason? autobiographical work, Symphonie fantastique The murder of his beloved. The plot definitely (fully titled, An Episode in the Life of an Artist thickens, as bitterness for the “unrequited” part – Grand Fantastic Symphony in Five Parts) by of his love manifests itself harshly and violently, Hector Berlioz is a work of the highest order leading into a weird and twisted final movement of musical craftsmanship, inspiration, and that takes us to our hero’s funeral, in the midst innovation. The piece blazed a trail for many other composers and works to follow, pioneering of a witches’ Sabbath. Harriet’s theme appears again, but this time transformed into a diabolical, the concept of an idée fixe (a recurring melody mocking tune (mocking our hero, perhaps?). or fragment of melody) that Wagner later A melange of creepiness ensues (perhaps perfected as the Leitmotiv, an idée fixe that represents the main subject of the work, the Irish inspired by the mighty poppy), complete with funeral bells, chilling musical effects, and finally, actress Harriet Smithson – Berlioz’s unrequited love, and obsession. In this work, Berlioz blended almost inevitably, we hear the powerful melody of Dies irae (Day of Wrath), from the traditional real-life happenings with imagined events in Latin Requiem mass, mingling with the frenzied a way that nobody had done before. dance, bringing the piece to a startling, but The work’s notes, by Berlioz himself, state: fitting, conclusion. Just to provide some closure “A young musician of morbidly sensitive for all of us here: in real life, Berlioz actually temperament and fiery imagination poisons married Harriet a few years after the Symphonie himself with opium in a fit of lovesick despair. fantastique was written, but the marriage did not The dose of the narcotic, too weak to kill him, end well. No beheadings or supernatural witches plunges him into a slumber accompanied by the brews were involved, but in only seven or eight strangest visions, during which his sensations, years, the marriage was failing and Berlioz had his emotions, his memories are transformed in an affair, effectively bringing the marriage to his sick mind into musical thoughts and images. an end. Berlioz continued to support Harriet The loved one herself has become a melody to financially until her death, fourteen years later, him, an idée fixe (fixed idea) as it were, that after which, he married the woman with whom he encounters and hears everywhere.” he had the affair.  ■ The first movement begins with the violins Program Notes © 2014 James Alexander introducing the idée fixe, Harriet’s recurring

Hector Berlioz

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Concert Program A IR C A N A D A M A S T ERW OR K S D IAMO N D OR P H EU M T H EATR E , 8 P M

Saturday & Monday, November 8 & 10 Bramwell Tovey conductor Sheila Christie soprano Nicholas Phan tenor Russell Braun baritone UBC University Singers and UBC Choral Union Graeme Langager, director Children’s Chorus



Fantasia on a Theme by Thomas Tallis ◆


BRITTEN War Requiem, Op. 66

I. Requiem aeternam II. Dies irae III. Offertorium IV. Sanctus V. Agnus Dei VI. Libera me



free to ticketholders at 7:05pm.


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Bramwell Tovey, O.C. conductor

For a biography of Maestro Tovey please refer to page 11.

Sheila Christie soprano Dramatic soprano Sheila Christie most recently appeared with Vancouver Opera as a member of the Yulanda M. Faris Young Artist Program. While in the program, Sheila performed as the title character in Gustav Holst’s Savitri and covered four mainstage roles including, Tosca (Tosca), Lady Billows (Albert Herring), Donna Anna (Don Giovanni), and Elisabetta (Don Carlo). Further credits include High Priestess in Aida and Giovanna in Rigoletto with Vancouver Opera, Hanna Glawari in The Merry Widow with Burnaby Lyric Opera, Marguerite in Faust with Usti nad Labem City Opera, soprano soloist in Fauré’s Requiem with the Lethbridge Symphony Orchestra, and soprano soloist in Beethoven’s 9th Symphony with the Vancouver Philharmonic Orchestra. Sheila has been a member of the Vancouver Opera Chorus and performed in Vancouver Opera’s community events to promote Madama Butterfly, Macbeth, and Aida.

Nicholas Phan tenor American tenor Nicholas Phan's many engagements this season include his return to the Houston Grand Opera for Sweeney Todd and concerts with the Cleveland Orchestra, San Francisco Symphony, Dallas Symphony, 58 allegro



National Symphony Orchestra, Cincinnati Symphony, Baltimore Symphony, Boston Baroque and the Vancouver Symphony. He also appears in recital at Carnegie Hall and in Istanbul. He has appeared with many of the leading orchestras in the North America and Europe, including the New York Philharmonic, Boston Symphony Orchestra, Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Philadelphia Orchestra, Los Angeles Philharmonic, St. Louis Symphony, BBC Symphony, English Chamber Orchestra, and the Lucerne Symphony. He has also toured Europe extensively with Il Complesso Barocco, and appeared with the Oregon Bach, Tanglewood, Ravinia, Marlboro, and Edinburgh festivals, at the BBC Proms. His growing discography includes his solo albums Still Falls the Rain and Winter Words (AVIE) and the Grammy®-nominated Pulcinella with the Chicago Symphony Orchestra (CSO Resound).

Russell Braun baritone Renowned for his luminous voice and thoughtful character portrayals, baritone Russell Braun captivates audiences at major opera houses and festivals around the world. This season features Russell’s role debut as Ford in Falstaff, as Don Giovanni, both with the COC, in Manon in New York, in the world première of Peter Eötvös' Senza Sangue with the New York Philharmonic, and Brahms’s German Requiem with the Charlotte Symphony. His discography features the GRAMMY®nominated Das Lied von der Erde (Dorian), JUNO® winners Mozart Arie e duetti (CBC) and Apollo e Daphne, JUNO® nominee Winterreise (CBC) and the recently released Dietch’s



CHRISTMAS ST. ANDREW’S-WESLEY CHURCH, VANCOUVER Thursday, December 11 at 7:30 pm Friday, December 12 at 4 pm & 7:30 pm Saturday, December 13 at 4 pm & 7:30 pm Sunday, December 14 at 7:30 pm

SOUTH DELTA BAPTIST CHURCH, DELTA Wednesday, December 17 at 7:30 pm

BELL PERFORMING ARTS CENTRE, SURREY Thursday, December 18 at 4 pm & 7:30 pm

CENTENNIAL THEATRE, NORTH VANCOUVER Friday, December 19 at 4 pm & 7:30 pm


Saturday, December 20 at 4 pm & 7:30 pm


Sunday, December 21 at 4pm & 7:30 pm

Gordon Gerrard conductor UBC Opera Ensemble

Christopher Gaze host Enchor

Metro Vancouver’s most beloved Holiday music tradition plays to sold out houses in South Delta, Burnaby, the North Shore, Surrey, and downtown Vancouver! Get your tickets very early.

Gordon Gerrard


Christopher Gaze


The Stradivarius Legacy Circle The Stradivarius Legacy Circle recognizes and thanks individuals in their lifetime for making arrangements to leave a bequest or planned gift in their will or estate plans to the Vancouver Symphony Foundation—creating a lasting legacy of exceptional symphonic music and music education in our community. We sincerely thank the following members for their foresight, generosity and commitment to the VSO's future. George Abakhan Janet M. Allan Renate A. Anderson Lorna Barr Janice Brown Peter & Mary Brunhold Dr. William. T. Bryson Ralph & Gillian Carder John & Patricia Chapman David & Valerie Davies Gloria Davies Sharon Douglas Jackie Frangi

Rob & Anne Shirley Goodell Renate R. Huxtable Wayne & Leslie Ann Ingram Margaret Irving Estelle & Michael Jacobson Mary Jordan Dorothy Kuva Dorothy MacLeod Irene McEwen Paul Richard Moritz

Barbara Morris Martin O’Connor Josephine Pegler Eleanor Phillips Marion Poliakoff Diane Ronan Louis Rosen Bernard Rowe & Annette Stark Shirley Sawatsky Dorothy Shields Mary Ann Sigal Doris Smit

Robert & Darlene Spevakow Dr. Barbara Stafford Hermann Stolting Elizabeth Tait Melvyn & June Tanemura Tuey Family Trust Robert & Carol Tulk David & Ruth Turnbull Tessa Wilson Kelley Wong Anonymous (3)

Bequests The Vancouver Symphony is grateful to have received bequests since 2000 from the following individuals. BEQUESTS TO THE VANCOUVER SYMPHONY FOUNDATION $500,000 or more Jim and Edith le Nobel Kathleen Margaret Mann $100,000 or more Steve Floris John Rand $50,000 or more Winslow Bennett Margaret Jean Paquin Rachel Tancred Rout Mary Flavelle Stewart $25,000 or more Dorothy Freda Bailey

Phyllis Celia Fisher Margot Lynn McKenzie $10,000 or more The Kitty Heller Alter Ego Trust Kaye Leaney $5,000 or more Anne de Barrett Allwork Clarice Marjory Bankes Lawrence M. Carlson Muriel F. Gilchrist J. Stuart Keate Gerald Nordheimer Audrey M. Piggot Jan Wolf Wynand $1,000 or more Eleanor Doke Caldwell

BEQUESTS TO THE VANCOUVER SYMPHONY SOCIETY $250,000 or more Ruth Ellen Baldwin $100,000 or more Dorothy Jane Boyce Roy Joseph Fietsch Hector MacKay $50,000 or more Rita Alden Fritz Ziegler $25,000 or more Dorothy M. Grant Lillian Erva Hawkins

Florence Elizabeth Kavanagh Mary Fassenden Law Geraldine Oldfield Alice Rumball Anne Ethel Stevens $10,000 or more Dorothea Leuchters Robert V. Osokin Elizabeth Jean Proven Freda Margaret Rush Doris Kathleen Skelton $5,000 or more Raymond John Casson Alfred Knowles Gordon McConkey Evelyn Ann van der Veen

Joan Marion Wasson Dorothy Ethel Williams $1,000 or more Phyllis Victoria Ethel Bailly Joyce Basham Doris May Bond Kathleen Grace Boyle Kathleen Mary DeClercq Jean Haszard Grace Barbara Isobel Hooper Lewis Wilkinson Hunter Annie Velma Pickell Jean Semple Wilhelmina Stobie  ■

For further information on leaving a Legacy gift to the VSO please call Mary Butterfield, Director, Individual and Legacy Giving at 604.684.9100 ext. 238 or email 60 allegro

Le Vaisseau Fantôme with Les Musiciens du Louvre Grenoble (Naïve). DVDs include the Salzburg Festival’s Romeo et Juliette and the Mark Morris dance adaptation of Dido and Aeneas, the Metropolitan Opera’s Nixon in China (Nonesuch) and Capriccio (Decca) and Alexina Louie’s comic opera Burnt Toast.

UBC University Singers University Singers is the premier choral ensemble in the UBC School of Music. This 40-voice select ensemble performs the most advanced and exciting music written for chamber choir spanning the Renaissance to the modern day. The University Singers also performs major works with orchestra, including Beethoven’s Symphony No. 9, Handel’s Messiah, and Brahms’ Requiem. The choir has won several awards, including the CBC National Choral Competition and the BBC International Choral Competition, and has toured through Europe and North America. The choir is directed by Dr. Graeme Langager at the University of British Columbia.

UBC Choral Union The University of British Columbia’s Choral Union is UBC’s largest and most powerful choral ensemble. With nearly 200 singers, the Choral Union performs major works from the greatest composers of choral music spanning the past five centuries. In recent years Choral Union has performed Mozart’s Requiem, Dvorˇák’s Stabat Mater, and Orff’s Carmina Burana. The choir is comprised largely of non-music majors, and directed by Dr. Graeme Langager.

Ralph Vaughan Williams b. Down Ampney, England / October 12, 1872 d. London, England / August 26, 1958

Fantasia on a Theme by Thomas Tallis Thomas Tallis (c. 1505-1585) was one of Tudor England’s most celebrated musicians. In 1567, he contributed eight themes to the Archbishop of Canterbury’s hymn book, known as the Metrical Psalter. When Vaughan Williams helped edit a new version of the

English Hymnal in 1906, he restored to circulation the third of Tallis’ melodies from the earlier collection. Its beauty inspired him to compose a piece founded upon it. He conducted the premiere of the hauntingly beautiful Fantasia on a Theme by Thomas Tallis, in Gloucester Cathedral, at the 1910 Three Choirs Festival. He scored it for three strings groups (solo quartet and two orchestras of different sizes). His wife Ursula wrote, “With the Norman grandeurs of Gloucester Cathedral in mind and the strange quality of the resonance of stone, the ‘echo’ idea of three different groups of instruments was well judged. It seemed that his early love for architecture and his historical knowledge were so deeply assimilated that they were translated and absorbed into the line of the music.”

Benjamin Britten (Lord Britten of Aldeburgh) b. Lowestoft, England / November 22, 1913 d. Aldeburgh, England / December 4, 1976

War Requiem, Op. 66 “I am not concerned with Poetry. My subject is War, and the pity of War. The Poetry is in the pity. Yet these elegies are to this generation in no sense consolatory. They may be to the next. All a poet can do today is warn. That is why the true Poets must be truthful.” These are the words of Wilfred Owen, the most gifted English poet of the First World War era. They appear in part on the score of Britten’s War Requiem, in which he used Owen’s poems to plead the same causes that concerned him: peace and brotherhood. Owen died in action, aged twenty-five, one week before the Armistice. The medieval cathedral in Coventry, England, had been heavily damaged by bombing during the Second World War. Britten agreed to compose a choral work for the arts festival celebrating its reconstruction. He decided it would involve the text of the Missa pro Defunctis, the traditional Latin Mass for the Dead. Since he wished to relate it specifically to the tragedy of war, he sought out other words to comment upon and intensify the allegro 61

Mass text. Wilfred Owen’s poems provided precisely what he needed. The War Requiem calls for three separate performing groups: soprano solo, mixed chorus and full orchestra to perform the Mass texts; chamber orchestra, tenor and baritone solos, representing an English and a German soldier, respectively, for the Owen poems; and a boys’ chorus with organ, offering disembodied commentary on the proceedings.

"The music’s drama and pathos – expressed through sophisticated means, yet with stunning clarity – earned an overwhelmingly positive reception." In a further gesture towards universality and postwar reconciliation, Britten conceived the music with three specific vocal soloists in mind: English tenor Peter Pears, German baritone Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, and Russian soprano Galina Vishnevskaya. The premiere took place in Coventry Cathedral on May 30, 1962. The music’s drama and pathos – expressed through sophisticated means, yet with stunning clarity – earned an overwhelmingly positive reception. The first section, Requiem aeternam (Eternal Rest), opens as a slow, anguished funeral procession. Britten quickly established the differences in tone that characterize the performing groups. The soprano, mixed chorus and boys, singing in Latin, operate on a formal level. The English language male soloists address listeners face-to-face, walking the ground and breathing the air of our own planet, in our own time. The opening fanfares of the Dies irae (Day of Wrath) section grow more insistent and menacing, as the Day of Judgement is announced. The baritone soloist then offers a quieter but equally disturbing portrait of soldiers waiting to be called into battle. Soprano and semichorus ask for guidance, followed by a duet between tenor and baritone. With chilling, satiric heartiness, 62 allegro

they sing of the false bravado that soldiers of all nations have forced upon them by their superiors officers. The chorus performs an increasingly fervid apostrophe to Christ for salvation. This flows into the baritone’s condemnation of the gun, here symbolizing all weaponry – past, present and future. The Dies irae returns in all its fury. Offertorium begins with the boys’ call for the deliverance of the faithful from the sufferings of hell. The chorus then sings a rhythmically buoyant introduction to Owen’s retelling of the biblical parable of Abraham and Isaac. Britten gave the story itself to baritone and tenor. The first half of the Sanctus develops into a glorious paean to God. The second is a heartrending baritone solo stressing the cold finality of death. Britten offered a degree of consolation in Agnus Dei (Lamb of God), drawing strength from the spirit of selfsacrifice represented both by Christ and those who have died in war.

"Tenor and baritone are left in some timeless, distant location where earthly suffering no longer has meaning." The final section, Libera me (Deliver Me), begins with a funeral march recalling the score’s opening pages. Britten built it to a catastrophic climax. Tenor and baritone are left in some timeless, distant location where earthly suffering no longer has meaning. Differences have no place here, only mutual understanding and tenderness. Theirs are words of compassion, addressed not only to each other but to all. The music concludes with all three groups performing together for the only time, offering a final benediction. Britten gave the closing words to the chorus, unaccompanied: “May they rest in peace. Amen.”  ■ Program Notes © 2014 Don Anderson





604.684.9100 EXT 252

The VSO is extremely grateful for the support it receives from Friends of the Vancouver Symphony. Thanks to the generous matching gift from Mrs. Irene McEwen this past season, we received numerous new gifts and are pleased to welcome many new friends to the symphony family. Due to space limitations, donations of $100 and more are listed. Every single gift is sincerely appreciated and we thank all our Friends for the part you play in the VSO’s ongoing success. Ms. Margaret A. Bullock John & Mary Butterfield Mrs. Ruth Freeman Rob & Joan Carne Polly Carnsew Anna Yen May Chan Geoff & Catharine Chesterton Norma Clark Dr. Heather F. Clarke Mr. & Mrs. D.E. Couling Claire & William Cupples Mr. J. Kenneth Dakin Julian & Dorothy Davies Mrs. Elisabeth de Halmy Mrs. Gloria Doubleday Mr. David Dyer Dale Collin Essar Terry & Wendy Fidgeon Bob & Dorothy Findlay M. E. Fitch Nancy & Jim Forbes Ms. Gail A. Fosbrooke Mr. Grant Gayman Anne Gray Dr. Laurel H. Gray V.V. Gudaitis P.M. Hansen Ms. Lorna M Herberts Akira & Hamako Horii Don & Pat Hudson Daphne & Bryan Johnson Mrs. Barbara Kaiser Dr. Judith Kalla Jennifer Kappler Lily Kong G. Krainer Diana Lam Mrs. Nancy M. Macdonald Mrs. Aster Osen M.Z.I. McDougall SYMPHONY Mrs. Gerry McIntosh* Gifts of $500 to $999 Bob & Carol Mitchell Dr. Jean Moore Thomas & Catherine Adair Mr. Cleveland Mullings K. Jane Baker Marv & Esther Neufeld Dr. Vicki Bernstein Jay Biskupski & Catherine Imrie Mrs. Patricia North Cornelia Hahn Oberlander Joost Blom Mr. & Mrs. Martin O'Connor M. Braun Gifts In Memory of Gloria Breault Richard G. Orlaw BRAVO Gifts of $1,000 to $1,499 Anako Foundation Horst & Hildegard Aschenbroich Alan Ballard Lawrence Wm. Barbour John Beatty R.J. Brebner Ben & Beth Cherniavsky Dr. Philip B. Clement Dolores de Paiva Alain & Nancy Duncan William Ehrcke & Donna Welstein Michael & Dana Freeman Lianne Gulka & Carl Hoyt Dr. Donald G. Hedges John Hooge Lois Horan Sharon Jeroski Mr. & Mrs. Harold & Jenny Locke Doug & Teri Loughran Dr. Alan & Helen Maberley Mrs. Pauline F. Main Paul & Pauline Martin Mr. & Mrs. Kenneth G. McDonald Barbara M. Olson Ms. Marion Pearson & Dr. James Orr* Mrs. Louise Pronovost The Reid Family Charitable Gift Fund Mr. & Mrs. Donald Risk Hans J. Ruger Dr. Philip Sestak Mr. J. E. Smith Jacqueline & Sankaran Viswanathan Mary I. White Anonymous (11)

Ian & Barbara Paterson Anne Pearson Louise C. Peters Matt Phillips in Memory of Mary Theodore Powis Foundation Pratt-Johnson Foundation Colin & Diana Price Hilda Ching Quan Ron & Judy Remick Larry & Darlene Rhodes W.D. Robertson Peter & Elfriede Rohloff Harley Rothstein & Eleanor Boyle Alfred & Dorothee Schenk Rita Schick Al & Leona Mrs. Velma Snelling Natalie & Norman Speckmaier Dr. Larry Stonesifer & Mr. Ronald Angress Beverley Tamboline Mary Thomas W.G. Thomson Marilyn Thorsteinsson Mr. Robert Tulk Beverley Unsworth Mrs. Shelagh Van Kempen Mrs. Betty Jane Walker U. Wallersteiner James & Veronica Weinkam Alan & Susi Wilson Mrs. Selma Wingrove Dona M. Wolverton Anonymous (23) CONCERTO Gifts of $300 to $499 David Abramowitz Margaret M. Adie Timothy Agg Mrs. Jill Alexander Janet M. Allan Mr. David J. Allen Mr. & Mrs. Frank Anfield Mrs. Mary Lou Astoria L & P Baker M. Jean Bannerman Bernard Barton Ms. Brenda Benham

Ted Bielby Don Bird Catherine & Jay Black Maria C. Bojadziev M. A. Boltezar Mrs. Sheila Brew Rodney Briggs & Roberta Pascoe Nathan Brine Peter & Mary Brunold J + S Buttar Dr. Peter Cass Jane Chambers Marie Cheong David & Elaine Chin Mrs. Gunnel Dahlquist Ms. Jane Davis Audrey R. Dewan Evelyn Downs Belisha Duan Mr. & Mrs. Ronald W. Edwards Noreen M. Fairweather Madelyn & Ron Farrand H.D. Feller Charles & Lucille Flavelle Dr. Kelly & Mrs. Diane Gibney Mr. & Mrs. Leon Glassman Ms. Judith Gleusteen Stephanie & Raymond Greenwood Joyce Harpell Henry G. Hawthorn & Jane Durante Mr. Terence & Mrs. Roberta Heenan Mrs. Johanne Homer Marie Hook Mrs. Marjorie Hougham Mr. Jan & Mrs. Anne Janmohamed Hal & Linda Kalman Ms. Marion Keith Ms. Barbara Kissuras Lorna Klohn Margaret T. Korponay Robert & Marilyn Krell Fred Leonard W. H. Longstaff Bernie Lyon Donna M. Macdonald

For more information about becoming a Friend of the Vancouver Symphony and the exclusive benefits associated with this program please contact Mary Butterfield at

604.684.9100 extension 238 or email 64 allegro

Miss Lisa Madetoja Jane A. Martin Sheila McCallum Mrs. Inge McGarry Ray L. McNabb Bruce McTavish Peter J. Mercer Margaret E. Monck Don Morrison Rene Eugen Muchenberger Liz & Jon Nightingale Mrs. Beverley Oldham Raya Ostrogolow Sunny & Nini Pal Maureen & Roy Patrick Frank & Wendy Patton B. Perowne Tom Perry & Beth Chambers Patricia R. Phillips Joyce Ramsay Evelyn M. Riley S.R. Rogers Anne Rowles & Afton Cayford Ms. Masako Ryan Mr. John & Mrs. Marlene Schreiner Lillian & Brent Scott Annie Santini Robert & Audrey Service Pat Sexsmith Anne & David Seymour Mr. David S. Shymko Donia Sims Alastair & Sylvia Sinclair Mr. William Stannix Ms. Margaret M. Stearn Mr. & Mrs. Douglas M. Sutton Mollie Thackeray Mr. & Mrs. Peter Thaler Edward Top P.E. Tracy Mary Jane Walker Ann Warrender Mr. & Mrs. Jack Wassermann Mr. Bill W. & Mrs. Beverley Weaver Ms. Dorothy Wenzel John & Nora Wheeler Valerie A. White Ms. Cherie Williams Yuk Ming Wong Anonymous (26)

OVERTURE Gifts of $100 to $299 Mr. Frank Abbott Frank & Phyllis Abbott Nita M. Adams Linda G. Adshead Mr. & Mrs. Norman A. Alban* Mrs. Donna Aldous Leslie Helene Alexander Helen Alko Mr. Peter Allen Mrs. Sue Anderlini Ms. Audrey B. Anderson John M. Anderson Ted & Jean Andrew Stuart & Anne Appenheimer Bill & Joy Armerding Lois & Craig Arnold Jim Ashcroft Ms. Susan Atherton Dana Audet Mr. John Auersperg Don L. Axford Douglas Bacon Jean Baker Jane Banfield* Aline Banno Ms. Helen Bansal Mr. Ronald Barber Elizabeth Barlow Caryn Barlow Sir James Barlow Michael & Geri Barnes In Memory of Patricia, from George Ms. Lorna Barr John & Sandra Barth Dr. Misao M. Batts Dr. Ron Beaton B. Lynn Beattie McArthur Alma & Ray Beck Dr. & Mrs. William Beckel Maya Begg Alan & Elizabeth Bell Ms. Nancy Bell Florence Beytin Karen & Mark Bichin Jane A. Bird Ms. Madelene Bird Ms. Dianne Bishop Milt Bishop David & Georgia Black Ms. Maya Bleiler Dr. A. Blokmanis

Ms. Helen Bloom Ms. Janine Bond Ms. Linda Boronowski Mr. Roger & Mrs. Jean Bose Helen Boultbee Norma Boutillier Susan Boutwood In Honour of Mrs. Beryl Saxon Joan & Ken Bowler In Memory of Vera Coombe Cathleen Boyle Dr. & Mrs. David G. Brabyn Mrs. Phyllis Braidwood Larry & Hazel Breitkreutz Ms. Marilyn Bricker Donald Brown* Ms. Gail Brown Mrs. Jean L. Brown Mrs. Ronny Brumec Marie-Luise Brunnhofer Alan & Rosemarie Bruyneel James Buck Marilyn Bullock Peter Burch & Kathryn Cholette Lloyd Burritt Jeanne & Richard Bushey I. Ann Byczko Susi & Thor Christopher Callaghan Beverly J. Campbell Brooke & Janet Campbell Joan Campbell Mr. & Mrs. Odis L. Campbell Mr. Richard D. Campbell Ruth E. Campbell Carol S. Canfield Ralph & Gill Carder Norma Carruthers Mr. Brian & Mrs. Katherine Casidy Charlens & Dhorea Challmie Donna J. Chan Tammy Chan JoAnne Chase Joyce S. Chen Eileen Cheng Gillian Chetty Denny & Kaman Chiang Mr. Brian & Mrs. Adrienne Clark Anne Clemens David & Judy Coblin Stephen Cochrane Bill & Moira Colbourne Hilde & Peter Colenbrander

Mr. & Mrs. Robert Confrey Thalia, Sophie & Amanda Conway & Their Parents Brian & Faye Cooper Isabel Anne Copland K Cordiner David & Janet Courage Kathleen Cowtan E. Crewes Mr. & Mrs. John B. Crick Dr. Dianne Cyr & Dr. Danny Tryon Ms. Patricia Dairon Mrs. Lucia Daley Ms. Denyse Dallaire Ms. A. Danserau Dar Woon Family Mrs. Micheline Darroch Anita Daude-Lagrave Judy Daughney Mr. Serge Davidian Gloria Davies* Sandra & Michael Davies Ms. Eve Day Eva & Ralph De Coste Mrs. Yvonne de Troye-Lukas Mr. Giuseppe Del Vicario Samuel Dezell Mr. & Mrs. Larry Diamond Ms. Gwen Dick Ms. Rapit Dietrich & Mr. John Parker P. & D. Docherty Peter Dodek & Hella Lee Julia Dodwell Muriel K. Don Mr. Colin Dowson Paul T. Draper Ms. Helen P. Duffy Ms. Marilyn A. Dumoret David & Catherine Duncan Xue Wu & Francis Duncan Ms. Susan Duncan Mrs. Pat Dunnett Mr. Leon Dutfield Tatiana Easton Joan & Roger Eastwood Dr. & Dr. Allen C. Eaves Barbara Ebelt Dr. Mary Jane Edwards Mrs. Valerie Elton George & Marilyn Elvidge Joseph & Cecilia Ergas Duncan & Nora Etches Jim Evans continued...

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Friends of the Vancouver Symphony continued... In Memory of Dr. Jim Farmer Stephanie & Michael Farnsworth Keith Farquhar & Koji Ito E. M. Fawcett Robert & Tina Fawcett Mrs. Shirley Featherstone Michael & Edith Fenner Harry & Sandra Ferguson in Memory of Smyth Humphreys Agnes Fessler Flora B. Field Christian Findlay Dr. Sherold Fishman Ms. Sheila Foley Jean Ford Ms. Marguerite Ford Ms. Denise Foster Dr. & Mrs. Roger Foxall B. Foyle Linda & Alastair Fraser Robert & Norma Fredrickson Maurice Freer Mrs. Pamela Friedrich W.G. & S.P. Friend Shirley & Doug Fromson C. Fung Miss Anne E. Funk Ms. Susie Funk Jean & Hubert Gabrielse Barbara Ganger George Garrett Dr. Ivan G. & Ms. Laurie Gasoi Mr. Kenneth C. Gehrs Pamela George Mr. Richard L. George Ms. Erica Gilbert Mr. Terence Gilbraith Marion & Jack Gillingham Mr. & Mrs. Norman C. Gillis Barrie & Ann Gillmore Maryke & Paul Gilmore Marilyn & Derek Glazer Myer & Reita Goldberg Mr. Kenneth & Mrs. Fay Golden Ann-Shirley & Rob Goodell June & Paddy Gooderham John & Julia Gosden Ursula Graf Win Granger Nancy Grant Mr. Eric & Mrs. Christine Greenwood Mr. & Mrs. George Gregr Paul Greisman B. Griffiths Pam Grover & Christopher Clutchey Ms. V. J Gum

John A. Guminski Mr. John W. Gunn Don & Patti Gunning Mrs. Gloria M. Guntner Norma Guttormsson Robert Hackney Mr. Robert Hamill Ian Hampton Ms. Shannon Handfield Richard Hankin & Heather Jones Hankin Pauline & Alan Hannam Joanne Harada & Timothy Lee James Harcott Dr. Evelyn J. Harden Mr. Don Harder Gordon Harding David & Maria Harris P. & M. Harrison Pat Harrold & Paul Hart Mrs. Constance M. Hatherton Don Hawes W.M. Hay Mitsuo & Emmie Hayashi Stephen Heder Hemy-Bain family Mrs. Lennice Hemsworth Nancy E. Henderson Robert & Vella Henderson P.K. & D.M. Hennig Carol Herbert & Fred Swartz Rev Cecil Herran-Venables Ms. Annie Hess Mr. Keith Hester Audrey Hetherington Michiko Higgins-Kato Mrs. Gloria J. High Wo Mr. Lyle Hillaby John & Audrey Hobbs Patricia M. Hoebig Mr. Carl Hofbauer Carey Galen Cornelius Hoffman Ralph & Helen Hoffman Clive & Carol Holloway Mrs. Elizabeth Hough Ms. Georgia Howard C. Hughes Mr. Jason Husmillo A.F. Hyndman Ms. Yuko Ikegami Lee Zara Jackson Peter & Susan Jakobsen Wesley Jay Nataly Ji Michael Jin Ms. Galina Jitlina Mrs. Brenda Johnston Judith Johnston

Mr. Paul Johnston & Ms. Marnie McGrath Gwynneth C.D. Jones Natasha Jones Shirley Jones Lynn Kagan Mr. Frank & Mrs. Ildiko Karika Dr. & Mrs. Roy J. Karjala Drs. Brian & Andrea Katz Michael F. Keenlyside Robert & Elizabeth Kellogg Mrs. Doreen Kemick Robert & Raymonde Kendrick Louise & Gary Kenwood Mr. & Mrs. Rudy Kerklaan Mr. Malcolm & Mrs. Evelyn Kerr Erika Kertesz-Green Durga Kidao Mr. & Mrs. T. Kikuchi Mrs. Seonok Kim Ms. Sarah King Joan E. Kirkwood Mr. Peter Kitching Dr. Terry & Carol Kline Joslin Kobylka Mrs. D. Kohlhaas Gordon & Gail Konantz Mrs. Girlie Koo Mrs. Penny Koopman Thais L. Kornder Stanford & Seda Korsch Mike & Jean Kovich Edgar Krieger Robert & Marie Kuhn Ms. Ursula Kummel Dr. & Mrs. Robin Kuritzky Mr. Matthew F. Kurnicki Ms. Vicki Kyle Mr. & Mrs. Alwin Lacson Dan Lahey Gina Lai / MPM Math Harold & Patricia Laimon Jerry & Susan Lampert Bruce H. Lang Mrs. Gillian Lang Edna Larsen William G. Larsen Trevor Lautens Mrs. Kathy Lauwers Dr. Peter Lavelle Mr. Ian S. Lawson Mr. Lawrence A. Leaf Ms. Shirley Lecker Ms. Helene Lee Jin & Bong Lee Dr. R. J. Lee & Mrs. S. M. Lee Mrs. Vivienne Lenhart Mrs. Erli Lepik Neil & Karen Lerner

Mrs. Anna P. Lester Jayne Le Vierge Mrs. Susan Lewis Mrs. Ann Ligertwood Ms. Wendy Lintott Sunya Lloyd Mr. & Mrs. Gillen Lo Natalie E. Logan Dr. Susan Lomax Dick Loomer Mrs. Georgina Lopez & Mr. Salvador Huerta Ms. Elizabeth Lowe Linda Lowry Ms. Rena Lyon Dr. Donald & Ms. Carol Lyster Mrs. Jean R. Lytwyn Mr. John W. MacDonald J. M. MacIntyre Mrs. Kathleen D. MacKinlay Mrs. Sally MacLachlan Margaret MacLean Dorothy MacLeod Mr. Patrick MacNeil John & Sidney Madden K.L. Madore Michael & Nancy-Ann Magnee Elaine J. Makortoff Manthorpe Law Offices Ms. Diane Manuel Mr. & Mrs. John & Debra Marcus Mr. Emil Marek Timmie Marr Mr. Hubert L. Martin Trevor & Shari Martin S. R. Mason Ali Marie Matheson Anne Mathisen Ms. Kelly Matzen Margaret B. McCallum Margaret McCoy Pat & Al McCrady Mrs. Leona McDaniel Doug McFee Stephanie McLean Mr. Leslie & Mrs. Iris McLellan Ralph & Margaret McRae Kim Mead Mrs. Beatrice Mears Mr. Denison & Mrs. Elizabeth Mears Middleton Family Colin Miles Dr. M. Martin & Mrs. Patricia Milewski Mr. Donald Millar Anton & Mary Irene Miller Mr. Ernest V. Milne

For more information about becoming a Friend of the Vancouver Symphony and the exclusive benefits associated with this program please contact Mary Butterfield at

604.684.9100 extension 238 or email 66 allegro

Ms. Fred Miner Pamela & Angus Mitchell Hugh & Elonna Mitchell Lillian Mitchell Ms. Doreen M'Lot Rick & Laurie Molstad Claudia Morawetz & Kevin Tate Mrs. Miwako Mori Miss Magda M. Moricz Barbara Morris Mrs. Helen Morris Ian Morris Ms. Brenda G. Morrish Murray Morrison Nina Morrison Paul Moritz Charmian Moul Jack Mounce & Jean Cockburn Jeanette Mracek M. Muckle Mr. John M. Munro E & B Murdoch Richard Murray L. Nakashima Centenie Narusis Miss Sheila E. Nase Philip Neame & Eva Lister Julia Neville Dianne Nichols Mr. Malcolm Nicholson Ms. Jackie Nicks Mrs. Elizabeth H. Nieboer Diane Noble Jocelyn Noël Mr. Volmar & Ms. Sally Nordman Lynne Northfield Ms. Agnes Notte Mr. & Mrs. Rex Nuthall K.L. O'Brien Liisa O'Hara Kofi & Theresa Ohene-Asante Irene Olljum Mr. & Mrs. Kevin O'Malley Gary & Cynthia Onstad Neil & Donna Ornstein Mr. & Mrs. Ron Ougden Mrs. Thérèse Ozanic Dr. Chris Palmer Jim & Diane Palmer Nancy & Elliott Pap Ms. Wendy Parfitt Barbara Park & John Bulmer Donelda & Walter Parker Keiko Parker Dr. Hawa Patel Ms. Susan Pedersen Ms. Josephine Pegler Ms. Betty-Jean Penman Arjuna Perera & Nadika Nowak Tremayne & Margaret Perry Mr. Jaime Peschiera

J M Petersen Ms. Lis Petersen David & Elaine Peterson Ms. Patricia Phillips Mr. George Pick Ray Pillman Ms. Sybil Plommer Mr. & Mrs. Podut Myrna & Art Poisson Jennifer Polci Marion Poliakoff J.T. & E.A. Pollard John & Linda Purcell Susan Preast Rose Marie Preston Mr. William H. & Ms. Patricia Preston Tim & Pat Quan Arthur & Wendy Quan M. A. Quinlan Stella Quirk Dex Quoter Ms. Carolyn Railton Mr. Jim Randall Mrs. A. Rashed Isabel & Ken Rausch Margaret Ray In Memory of Teresita Realin Frances & Ken Redmond Eleanor Reemeyer Ms. Esther M. Reimer Mrs. Louise Rempel Mr. Henry H. & Mrs. Beverly Richards Bob & Helen Richards William & Oksana Richards Sharon Riches W. G. Risk Tim Roark* Miss Stephanie J. Robb Mrs. Joyce Roberts Mrs. Joyce Roberts Bill & Dorothy Robertson Ms. Linda Robeson Mr. & Mrs. Howard M. Robinson Mr. Sean Roddick Prof. John Roeder Patricia K. Rogers Lon & Marilyn Rosen Don Rosenbloom Mr. Arthur Ross Marilyn & John Ross James & Jenny Russell Ms. Winona Russell Charles G. Sale & Margaret Charlton L.S. Sawatsky Richard & Jilian Scarth Miss Agnes Schapansky Peter & Ursula Schmelcher Lance Schmidt & Benoît Coutu

Mr. David Schreck Graham & Erica Seagel Ms. Midori Seo Mrs. Johanna Seraglia Shirley Sexsmith Ms. Shirley M. Sharf Ms. Kerry Anne Sheehan Mr. Eli Shoshani Mr. James W. & Mrs. Sherry E. Shrimpton Mr. Mark Shuparski Karen Shuster Dr. & Mrs. Cecil Sigal Adrian Silgardo Michelle Simpson Betty Sing* Mr. & Mrs. Gerhard Sixta Denis & Joyce Sjerve Mrs. Gertrude I. Sjoblad Myrna Skazel Ms. Gioconda V. Skjoldal Ms. Holly Slaney D. Rodney Smelser Bob & Doris Smit Carol Smith C.E. Smith Erwen & Patricia Smith Ms. Margaret O. Smith Mr. Peter Smith Kathleen Snowden Susie Song & Chih-ho Hong John Southcott Ms. Georgina Spies Peter Steele* Mr. Daniel Stewart Peter & Pat Stigings Penni Stock M. Stone* Mr. Winston D. Stothert Mr. James W. Stout Hilary & Michael Blake D. Stuart Ms. Susan J. Sumi K. Sutcliffe Wendy K. Sutton Mrs. Elke Swantje Mrs. Xenia M. Syz Zelie & Vincent Tan Tom & Margaret Taylor Phyllis M. Taylor Mr. Howard & Mrs. Barbara Teasley Susan A. Thompson Anona Thorne & Takao Tanabe Mrs. Deborah Thorne Ms. Deirdre Thornton Dr. & Mrs. David L. Tobias Christine Tolton Jennifer Toone & Derek Applegarth Ann True

Cyril & Patsy Tsou Angeles Uda Mr. Miro Valastiak Sr Jill & Hans van der Slagt Angela Van Luven Mrs. Sheila Vaney Alex Volkoff Robin Waine C.E. Walker Chris & Wendy Walker Ms. Lois I. Walker Dr. & Mrs. J. V. Wall Violet Wall Mrs. Cindy Wang & Mr. Wenchen Zhao R&B Ward Dr. Linda Warren Syoko Watanabe Wendy & Orrin Webber Mr. & Mrs. R.J. Webster In Memory of Don C. Weir J. Wells Mrs. Norma Wells Roy & Gwyneth Westwick Vincent Wheeler Mrs. Morag Whitfield Mrs. Norma Wieland Mr. Robert Wilds Gordon L. Wilkinson Mr. John Wilson Tessa Wilson William Wilson Ms. Loma Wing Jonathan & Christine Wisenthal Mrs. Elizabeth Wolak Samuel Wong Isabella Woo Carol Woodworth Victoria Wray Mrs. Margaret Wright Colin & Yumi Yamagami Bock & Kay Yip Elizabeth Yip E.M. York Anthony & Nancy Yurkovich Mrs. Hanna Zawadzki Mr. & Mrs. E. Zeidler Karen & Allan Zeller Lindsey Zikakis Mr. Jack Zimmer Benedikt & Lisa Marie Zimmermann Mrs. Erna Zinn Anonymous (240) Anonymous* (2)  ■ *Generous Friends donors who have further demonstrated their support by making an additional gift to the VSO Endowment Fund.

Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of this list. In the unfortunate event of errors or omissions please accept our apologies and contact the Development Department at 604.684.9100 extension 234 so that we can make the necessary corrections to recognize your generosity. Thank you. allegro 67

Vancouver Symphony Partners The Vancouver Symphony Orchestra gratefully acknowledges the generosity of the following Government Agencies, Corporations and Foundations that have made a financial contribution through sponsorship or a charitable donation.




IMPORTANT: For Usage below 1-1/2� wide



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$400,000+ Vancouver Symphony Foundation Endowment Fund

$150,000+ TELUS Corporation Vancouver Sun

$100,000+ Goldcorp Inc.

$70,000+ Mardon Group Insurance

$50,000+ City of Burnaby Parks, Recreation and Cultural Services CKNW CKWX News 1130 Georgia Straight Industrial Alliance Insurance and Financial Services Inc. QM-FM Wesbild Holdings Ltd.

$40,000+ Air Canada BMO Financial Group London Drugs RBC Foundation

$30,000+ Concord Pacific PrimaCorp Ventures Inc. PwC Vancouver Airport Authority

$20,000+ Blake, Cassels & Graydon LLP BMO Capital Markets

Borden Ladner Gervais LLP The Chan Endowment Fund of UBC CIBC Deloitte & Touche LLP Ernst & Young LLP Roy G. and Naomi Harmon Johnston Family Foundation McGrane-Pearson Endowment Fund Mercedes-Benz Vancouver Area Retail Group Osler, Hoskin + Harcourt LLP Phillips, Hager & North Investment Counsel Polygon Homes Ltd. Rogers Group Financial Spectra Energy TD Bank Group Upright Décor Rentals and Events Design Vancouver Symphony Volunteers Anonymous (1)

$10,000+ Avigilon Canadian Western Bank Craftsman Collision Deans Knight Capital Management Ltd. Encana Great-West Life, London Life and Canada Life Holland America Line Inc. HSBC Bank Canada KGHM International Ltd. KPMG LLP Montridge Financial Group Pacific Surgical Park Royal Shopping Centre

Scotiabank Silver Wheaton Stikeman Elliott LLP Sun Life Financial Teck Tom Lee Music Wall Financial

$5,000+ Anthem Properties Group Ltd. BCLC Cassels Brock Centerplate at Vancouver Convention Centre Genus Capital Management Greyell Wealth Management Grosvenor Americas Haywood Securities Inc. Image Group Inc. Innovation Lighting Kingswood Capital Corporation Ledcor Properties Inc. Macdonald Development Corporation Marin Investments Limited McElhanney Consulting Services Ltd. Dr. Tom Moonen Inc. Michael O’Brian Family Foundation Odlum Brown Limited Peter and Joanne Brown Foundation RBC Royal Bank Reliance Properties ScotiaMcLeod Stantec TD Wealth–Tim Wyman Terus Construction Ltd.

Xibita Anonymous (1)

$2,500+ British Consulate-General Vancouver Georgian Court Hotel Hawksworth Restaurant Kian Show Services Ltd. LU Biscuits McCarthy Tétrault Foundation Nesters Market Yaletown RIU Hotels and Resorts Jamaica SOCAN Foundation Tala Florists Windsor Plywood Foundation

$1,000+ ABC Recycling Ltd. API Asset Performance Inc. Best Buy Bing Thom Architects Foundation Cibo Trattoria Domaine Chandon Dunbar Dental Ethical Bean Coffee Enotecca Wineries & Resorts Inc. EY-In honour of Fred Withers' retirement Fluor Canada The Hamber Foundation Health Arts Society HUB International Lantic Inc. The Lazy Gourmet Long & McQuade Music Norburn Lighting & Bath Centre The Simons Foundation Wolrige Foundation

For more information about the VSO Corporate Partners Programs and the exclusive benefits associated with this program please contact Ryan Butt, Manager of Corporate & Donor Relations at

604.684.9100 extension 260 or email

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For your enjoyment, and the enjoyment of others, please remember concert etiquette. Talking, coughing, leaning over the balcony railings, unwrapping candies, and the wearing of strong perfume may disturb the performers as well as other audience members. Ushers will escort latecomers into the auditorium at a suitable break in the performance chosen by the conductor. Patrons who leave the auditorium during the performance will not be re-admitted until a suitable break in the performance. Hearing-impaired patrons may borrow complimentary Sennheiser Infrared Hearing System headsets, available at the coat-check in the Orpheum Theatre only, after leaving a driver’s licence or credit card.

Please turn off cell phones and ensure that digital watches do not sound during performances. Doctors and other professionals expecting calls are asked to please leave personal pagers, telephones and seat locations at the coat check.

Cameras and audio/video recording equipment of any kind are strictly prohibited in all venues and must be left at the coat-check in the main lobby. Under no circumstances may photographs, video recordings or audio recordings be taken during a performance. All venues are non-smoking and scent-free environments.


Vancouver Symphony Administration 604.684.9100 Jeff Alexander, President & Chief Executive Officer Finance & Administration: Mary-Ann Moir, Vice-President, Finance & Administration Antonio Andreescu, Junior Database & Network Administrator Debra Marcus, Director, Information Technology & Human Resources Ann Surachatchaikul, Accountant Ray Wang, Payroll Clerk & IT Assistant Marketing, Sales & Customer Service: Alan Gove, Vice-President, Marketing & Sales Shirley Bidewell, Manager, Gift Shop & Volunteers

Estelle and Michael Jacobson Chair

Stephanie Fung, Marketing Manager Anna Gove, Editor & Publisher, Allegro Magazine Katherine Houang, Group Sales & Special Ticket Services Kenneth Livingstone, Database Manager Caroline MĂĄrkos, PR Associate & Assistant to the Music Director and President & CEO Cameron Rowe, Director, Audience & Ticket Services Laura-Anne Scherer, Social Media The Stage Crew of the Orpheum Theatre are members of Local 118 of the International Alliance of Theatrical Stage Employees. The Vancouver Symphony Orchestra is a proud member of

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Customer Service Representatives: Jason Ho, Senior Customer Service Representative Acacia Cresswell Jonah McGarva Anthony Soon Paycia Khamvongsa Stacey Menzies Jessica Tung Shawn Lau Kathy Siu Karl Ventura Jadene McDonald Kim Smith Development: Leanne Davis, Vice-President, Chief Development Officer Ryan Butt, Manager, Corporate & Donor Relations Mary Butterfield, Director, Individual & Legacy Giving Dawn Nash, Development Officer, Special Projects Ann True, Development Coordinator Lauren Watson, Development Assistant Deanna Cheng, Special Projects Assistant Artistic Operations & Education: Joanne Harada, Vice-President, Artistic Operations & Education Rheanna Buursma, Assistant Librarian and Artistic Operations Assistant DeAnne Eisch, Orchestra Personnel Manager David Humphrey, Operations Manager Minella F. Lacson, Music Librarian Christin Reardon MacLellan, Education & Community Programmes Manager

Ken & Patricia Shields Chair

Pearl Schachter, Artistic Operations & Education Assistant

Vancouver Symphony Society Board of Directors Joan Chambers

Judith Korbin

Philip KY Chan

Sam Lee

President & CEO (Ret.) Vancouver International Airport Authority

Debra Finlay

Julie Molnar

Etienne Bruson, Treasurer

Michael L. Fish

Executive Committee

Fred Withers, Chair

Partner, Blakes

Larry Berg, Vice Chair

General Sales Manager, Mercedes-Benz Canada

Chief Development Officer (Ret.) Ernst & Young


Managing Director, CIBC World Markets Global Mining Group

Partner, McCarthy Tetrault LLP

Partner, International Tax, Deloitte

Director, The Molnar Group

Hein Poulus, Q.C.

President, Pacific Surgical

Dave Cunningham, Secretary

Partner, Stikeman Elliot

Cathy Grant

VP Government Relations, TELUS

Dr. Peter Chung, Member-at-Large Executive Chairman, PrimaCorp Ventures Inc.

Stanis Smith

Senior Vice President, Marketing & Sales and Managing Broker Intracorp Realty LTD.

Senior Vice President, Buildings, Stantec

Musician Representatives Ashley Plaut Violin

Lindsay Hall

Executive Vice-President and CFO Goldcorp Inc.

Alan Pyatt, Member-at-Large

Chairman, President and CEO (Ret.) Sandwell International Inc.

Elizabeth VolpĂŠ Bligh Harp Honorary Life President

Diane Hodgins

Director, Century Group Lands Corporation

Ronald Laird Cliff, C.M.

John Icke

Honorary Life Vice-Presidents

President and CEO Resinco Capital Partners

Nezhat Khosrowshahi Gerald A.B. McGavin, C.M., O.B.C. Ronald N. Stern Arthur H. Willms

Gordon R. Johnson

Partner, Borden Ladner Gervais

Vancouver Symphony Foundation Board of Trustees Ronald Laird Cliff, C.M., Chair Marnie Carter Charles Filewych

John Icke Richard Mew Gerald A.B. McGavin, C.M., O.B.C.

Hein Poulus, Q.C. Alan Pyatt Arthur H. Willms

Fred Withers Tim Wyman

VSO School of Music Society Board of Directors


Gordon R. Johnson, Chair Fiona Lin Hein Poulus, Q.C. Patricia Shields

Marsha Walden Eric Watt Arthur H. Willms

Jeff Alexander President & CEO

Curtis Pendleton Executive Director

Louise Ironside Assistant Director

David Law

Operations & Facilities Manager

Vancouver Symphony Volunteer Council 2014/2015 Chair . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Secretary . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . Member . . . . . . . . . . . . . Member . . . . . . . . . . . . . Immediate Past Chair . . .

Nancy Wu Marlies Wagner Gail Franko Paddy Aiken Azmina Manji Sheila Foley

Scheduling Concerts (all venues) . . . Shirley Bidewell Gift Shop . . . . . . . . . . . . Barbara Morris Lotteries in Malls . . . . . . Gloria Davies

Reception Shifts . . . . . . . . Gloria Davies Tea & Trumpets . . . . . . . . . Shirley Featherstone Marlene Strain Special Events Symphony of Style 2014 . . Paddy Aiken Holland America On-Board Luncheon 2014 . Marlies Wagner

Membership Volunteer Hours . . . . . . . . Sheila Foley

Manager, Gift Shop and Volunteer Resources Shirley Bidewell Tel 604.684.9100 ext 240 Assistant Gift Shop Manager Robert Rose

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UPCOMING CONCERTS Highlights of the next issue of allegro... VSO POPS:

THE BEST OF LERNER & LOEWE! FRI & SAT, NOVEMBER 21 & 22, ORPHEUM THEATRE Steven Reineke conductor Amy Wallis vocalist Ryan Silverman vocalist Jonathan Estabrooks vocalist UBC Opera Ensemble


Hark back to the classic days of theatre, with music by the great Lerner and Loewe. This remarkable musical duo created some of the best-loved music for theatre, including classics such as Camelot, My Fair Lady, Brigadoon, Paint Your Wagon, and Gigi.

LENINGRAD: AN EPIC SYMPHONY SAT & MON, NOV 29 & DEC 1, ORPHEUM THEATRE James Gaffigan conductor Philippe Quint violin*


BARBER Vanessa: Intermezzo MOZART Violin Concerto No. 4 in D Major* SHOSTAKOVICH Symphony No. 7 in C Major, Leningrad

RYU GOTO PLAYS BRAHMS! SAT & MON, DECEMBER 6 & 8, ORPHEUM THEATRE Lahav Shani conductor Ryu Goto violin*


GLINKA Russlan and Ludmilla: Overture BRAHMS Violin Concerto in D Major* TCHAIKOVSKY Symphony No. 5 in E minor

VIVALDI'S FOUR SEASONS FRI & SAT, DECEMBER 19 & 20, CHAN CENTRE, UBC Dale Barltrop leader/violin


MOZART Divertimento in F Major VASKS Cantabile for Strings HANDEL Concerto Grosso in F Major, Op. 6, No. 2 VIVALDI The Four Seasons Superb VSO Concertmaster Dale Barltrop performs Vivaldi’s timeless classic, The Four Seasons. This special Holiday concert also features Baroque and Classical gems by Mozart and Handel, and the beautiful Vasks Cantabile for Strings.


14/15 VSO Allegro Issue #1