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Validit y


December 2015 Vol. 5, Issue 12




& s H a a p m t p y s i r N h e From Your Friends At C w Y ry 609 Swan Avenue, Hohenwald, Tennessee

Pr o u d M a n u f a c t u r e r o f t h e

Safe Step Walk In Tub

THERE ARE NEVER ANY DOC FEES, PROCESSING FEES OR ANY OTHER HIDDEN CHARGES AT SLOAN! We’ll do anything to earn your business except . . . mislead you!

115 S. James Campbell Boulevard, Columbia,TN 38401 Phone 388-2463 or 1-800-780-2463 –

Inside this issue of


Table of Contents

NEW t his mont h:

December 2015

Dual Purpose Garb By Jordan McLeod Travel in comfort and arrive in style. Page 12


Sorry you missed Spring Hill Orchestra’s October concert? Enjoy them December 18.

Page 13

Second Life for Grapevines By Antonia Meadors Ricky Pittman is truly entangled in his work.

Vol. 5, Issue 12

Page 14

Daphne & The Mystery Machines By Luke E. Newbold Validity interviews Franklin’s and Columbia’s edgy, indie band. Page 16

Chefs Extraordinaire By Validity Staff

Our monthly contributors can cook, too! A compilation of some of our favorite holiday recipes. Page 18

On The Cover:

Thank you Jonathan Pitts for providing a “super model” puppy for our cover. Alapaha Blue-Blood Bulldogs are a little known southern breed making a comeback. The litter of 12 pups is available. Contact Jonathan at 931-628-1037.

Elephant Aid International By Becky Jane Newbold Carol Buckley talks with Validity about her life’s mission of improving the plight of these great animals. Page 24

Bass Fishing

For more information on the breed, visit us online at

By Tim Tighe Pursuit of excellence in fishing mirrors a success-oriented attitude in life. Page 37

Find Validity in 10 Tennessee Counties!

In Every Issue:

Validity Recipes

One Lawyer’s Opinion

December Gardens

By Katie Taylor

By Landis Turner

By Cassandra Warner

Also in this Issue:

Mulling over the past year’s homegrown bounty.

Reality Perspective, Page 5

December Book Reviews

Theodore Roosevelt on daring to fail. Plus, PDs, DAs, litigators and trial lawyers.

By James Lund


Go Set a Watchman and In the Heart of the Sea

By Charles Newbold

Fruit and nuts in every dish. Page 6

Page 28

Page 27

Page 30

Ornithology Report By Bill Pulliam

Lookin’ Back, Page 29 Cerebral Meanderings, Page 38

Tolerating a little itch for the sake of the feathered creatures.

Gods call to his sons and daughters remains unchanged for eternity.

Page 35 Page 29

Validity Magazine is published monthly in Hohenwald, Tennessee. Validity Magazine reserves the right to edit editorial and advertising submissions for appropriateness of the publication. Reproduction of any part of Validity Magazine without permission of the publisher is prohibited. Distribution of this magazine does not constitute an endorsement of information, products or services. Views expressed in Validity Magazine do not necessarily represent those of the publisher. Every effort has been made to insure accuracy of the publication contents. However, we do not guarantee the accuracy of all information nor the absence of errors and omissions.

Publisher Becky Jane Newbold,, 931-628-6039 Managing Editor Shane Newbold,, 931-628-6039 Director of Digital Innovation Cody Crawford,, 615-768-9479 Contributing Writers, Antonia Meadors, Bill Pulliam, Cassandra Warner, Charles Newbold Jr., DeeGee Lester, James Lund, Jordan McLeod, Katie Taylor, Landis Turner, Luke E. Newbold, Tim Tighe Contributing Photographers, Cassandra Warner, Katie Taylor

Validity Magazine, Published 12 times per year, monthly, Vol. 5, Issue 12 POSTMASTER: Send address changes to Validity Magazine, P. O. Box 516, Hohenwald, TN 38462-0516. Address Service Requested. Subscriptions are available on an annual basis at $20 per year. Mail check or money order to: Validity Subscriptions, P.O. Box 516, Hohenwald, Tennessee 38462.

Validity Magazine exists to reflect rural lifestyles of rural communities along the Natchez Trace Parkway in both storytelling and photo journalism. This local publication is designed to promote positive life experiences by delivering authentic, relevant content on healthy living, nature, outdoors, technology, gardening, entertainment and travel to the people who enjoy the small town experience.



Our Mission

Beautiful Brides

January 2016

and Validity Magazine present their annual

Bridal Issue January 2016

Local Brides Share Their Stories


Food Wedding Must Do’s The Best Venues Beauty Exercise Decorating Gift Ideas Online Resource Guide & So Much More! Advertisers Who Want To Learn More May Contact A Validity Representative


phone: email:

Reality Perspective

The Bond


ccording to the Mr. Merriams (brothers) and Mr. Webster, one of the multiple definitions of the word bond is “the formation of a close By Shane Newbold relationship (as between a mother and child or between a person and an animal) especially through frequent or constant association.” My youngest, Martina, harvested her first deer recently using my gun and ammo, while sitting beside me as I coached her through the kill. Perfect shot placement, cool and collected, brought father and daughter together, another of many bonding moments. Admittedly, we need all the bonding we can get. Often, we adversely push away from each other. Such is the human condition. Martina’s beautiful son, my grandchild, spent many hours slumbering in my lap his first six months of life. The boy, now nearing two, cannot be still long enough to perch anywhere for more than twenty seconds, certainly not in anyone’s lap. Wylie and Papa are flourishing together. Connecting across all domains, now, is establishing eternal bonds. Canines can teach us the essence of the bond. In Eddie’s heart and dog soul (one of my birddog companions I raised and trained from a pup), we had more than just a bond. The affiliation was a life sustaining partnership. Always looking for each other in the field. Trusting that he would hold the birds while I caught up, and he knowing that I would catch up. The taking to wing and the shot, followed by

Find More


impeccable “dead bird” finds and retrieves proved the exciting fragment of our journeys afield. After many “good boys, good dogs, you da mans,” tail wags and constant rubbing and praise, Eddie, tail and head held high with confidence, scampered again in pursuit of upland fowl. Back at the house and around the farm, he was my dog and I was his human. He was part of the family, kids and all. Sadly, as with most strong bonds, they end, at least in the physical. When Eddie was ten, something snapped in his brain. He hunted as good as his older body would allow, but he became irritable and intolerant. Fighting other dogs, growling and, finally, biting my young son, not breaking the skin, but an hostile bite, nevertheless. The decision to put him down was heart wrenching. A friend of mine who had pointing dogs and knew Eddie and his new personality wanted to give the dog a try at his home. Absolutely, I agreed. But alas, not long after Eddie moved, he went off one day and never returned. I still miss him. Some bonds are sculpted in granite. I continue to conceive new bonds and strengthen existing ones with my family and friends on different levels and in specific areas. Not always easy, and some tethered with a thin thread, but always worth the growing pain. Alzheimer’s has stolen my mom’s mind leaving only bonding memories for me. I do hope heaven is real and my mom and I catch up there. My Dad and I are good. Bonds are strong. Blessed, indeed. I’ll not bore the reader with all the sappy details of those with whom I am bonded. They are my life story. You have your own.

Online! Be Social! Look Us Up!

Trust and truth are the main components of a solid relationship. Without them, a bond is never secure. Again, I quote an entry from the dictionary on the word secure: “not subject to threat; certain to continue to remain safe and unharmed.” Perfect words for a concept for which we are all seeking in our lives. Writing this article made me realize that there is something about outdoor activities that bond people together. Watersports, picnics, reunions, etc. engage the whole family. Kids’ little league sports are potentially awesome bonding scenarios when the parents are positive, active participants. The highly anticipated holiday, turkey bowl with extended family is bonding at its highest degree, because you get to knock each other down “in fun,” especially the family member/s who cause everybody stress throughout the year. Becky Jane and I have 28 years behind us. Marriage’s unwritten rules require that the ties that bind become tougher to break. Two souls becoming one, knit in the spirit, is an evolutionary process. One must adapt to fulfill the needs and desires of their spouse. When truth and trust establish the cornerstone of the relationship, eternal bonds cement. Father to four and best friend to Becky Jane for 28 years, Shane Newbold lives life to the fullest Boating, birdwatching, fishing and enjoying his family.

5 .

Validity Recipes

Katie Taylor

A Cranberry Christmas Turkey Cranberry Meatballs

Meatball Ingredients: 2 pounds ground chicken 4 cloves garlic, minced 1½ teaspoon salt 1 teaspoon ground pepper 2 eggs ½ cup oat flour 1 cup chickpeas ½ teaspoon paprika ecember is the month filled 1 teaspoon onion powder with workplace Christmas parties, family gatherings Tangy Cranberry Sauce and New Years celebrations. With Ingredients: all of the get-togethers this season, 1 - 12 ounce bag fresh it might seem overwhelming to try cranberries to eat healthfully. I have found that ½ cup 100% pure apple juice offering to bring a dish to the party Juice and zest from ½ large helps ward off those sugar cravings navel orange and empty calories. I know when 5 dried figs, finely chopped I bring something, there will be a A dash or two of nutmeg, healthy dish from which to choose. allspice and ground cloves And more often than not, other 3 ounces tomato paste guests like to see a healthier option About 1 cup water on the table, too!

D .


7 dates, finely chopped ½ cup balsamic vinegar ¼ cup white vinegar 1 tablespoon chili powder Instructions: 1. Preheat oven to 400 F. 2. Place cranberries, apple juice, orange juice and zest, figs, spices and ¼ cup water into large saucepan and cover. Bring to a low boil, until cranberries begin to “pop.” 3. Reduce heat to low, continue simmering for 15 minutes. 4. Add tomato paste, ½ cup water, finely chopped dates, vinegars and chili powder. 5. Bring mixture back to a slow simmer, and continue stirring. Add more water if needed. 6. While cranberries are simmering, prepare meatballs. Finely pulse chickpeas in blender or food

processor. In a large bowl, mix remaining meatball ingredients with the chickpeas. Form meatballs, and place on parchment paperlined cookie sheet. 7. Bake meatballs for 10 minutes

Katie Taylor

Recipes, Photos & Food Styling By Katie Taylor

Katie Taylor

Turkey Cranberry Meatballs

Validity Recipes

at 400 F. 8. In crockpot on low heat, combine meatballs and tangy cranberry sauce. Cook on low for 2 hours. Serve warm.

Not Your Grandma’s Fruitcake 1 teaspoon baking powder ¼ teaspoon salt 2 tablespoons flax seeds (not ground) 1 ½ cups roughly chopped nuts or seeds 1 ½ cups roughly chopped dried fruits Instructions: 1. Preheat oven to 350 F. Either line a loaf pan with parchment paper, or spray with cooking spray. 2. Using a mixer or fork, mash bananas. Add eggs and coconut oil,

pan. Batter will be very thick. 5. Bake for 40 minutes, or until a toothpick is inserted and comes out clean. Let cool for 20 minutes before slicing.

mixing well. 3. Stir in flour, baking powder and salt until just combined. 4. Fold in the fruits and nuts, and Recipe adapted from: theviewthen pour batter into prepared loaf

Katie Taylor

Makes 1 large loaf Ingredients: 2 ripe bananas 2 eggs ¼ cup coconut oil, melted 2 cups almond flour/meal

Not Your Grandma’s Fruitcake

7 .

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Easy Apple-Cranberry Tuna Salad

Instructions: 1. Add all ingredients except for apple slices in a small bowl, mixing well. 2. Spoon the tuna salad onto the apple slices. Enjoy! Recipe Source: the



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Katie Taylor

Serves 1-2 Ingredients: 1 tablespoon mayonnaise 1 teaspoon apple cider vinegar 1/8 teaspoon salt

1/8 teaspoon ground pepper 1 - 5 ounce can tuna packed in water, well drained 2 tablespoons dried cranberries 1 medium, sweet apple such as pink lady or honey crisp, thinly sliced

Katie Taylor

Easy Apple-Cranberry Tuna Salad

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Over the River & Through the Woods in Comfort & Style


h, the holidays! Considered by many to be the most wonderful time of the year, but I sometimes find myself to be a bit more Scrooge-like than I prefer. And why, you ask? It’s due to a factor most everyone dislikes: the By Jordan time it takes McLeod to travel to see our loved ones. Since these gatherings may be my only opportunity to see some of these relatives, I want to look nice upon arrival, but I also want to be comfortable on the way there. We all know the old cliché about life being about the journey, not the destination, and this can seem very true when you’re obligated to make the trip. Don’t let your clothes be another source of stress! I know I can’t be the only one who has dressed up before leaving home only to find themselves fidgeting in their seat as the miles go by. Thankfully, over the years, I have discovered a few outfit combinations that look chic without sacrificing coziness. The easiest, most foolproof way to achieve this is to wear a dress (a one-piece outfit = stylish simplicity). A straight shift or swingy Aline shape doesn’t constrict your waistline, making them perfect for those big family meals, and both are perfectly on trend for the season. These styles look equally cute topped with a long cardigan for extra warmth. Just add tights or sweater tights if you get cold easily. Opaque black ones are always flattering. But if you feel daring, try a pair in a color that contrasts with and complements your dress. This will give your look a current 1960s flair. Two of my favorite pairings are navy + gold and burgundy + gray. Or you can go monochromatic for a sleek, sophisticated appearance. Finish your en-

semble by accessorizing with a long pendant necklace and your favorite boots–bonus trend points if they’re ankle length or over-the-knee. If you find that dresses don’t work for you, another choice is to wear forgiving (i.e. stretchy) pants and a nice top. Warning! Upcoming mini rant: 1) Leggings are not pants and should ALWAYS be worn with a top that is long enough to almost be a dress or at least one that hits a few inches past the top of your thighs. 2) Please don’t wear yoga pants unless you’re planning on doing some sun salutations with your extended family between dinner and dessert. Ok, now that’s over. Whew. My go-to travel/impending food coma pants are a pair of polkadot jeggings. Jeggings are a hybrid of jeans and leggings, making them basically really soft skinny jeans. Do yourself a favor and buy a pair. You won’t regret it when you’ve been in the car so long you hear your own voice asking, “Are we there yet?” A cute top option would be a sweater with a button-down underneath for a classic, preppy effect. If your family get-togethers tend to be a little more formal, try a silky, tie-neck blouse and a long blazer. A sleeveless blazer would also be a modern, elegant alternative. No matter how far you travel to be with the ones you cherish, holiday occasions tend to be documented through photographs and videos that will be shown (sometimes repeatedly) in the future. There’s no reason to not look stylish from the moment you arrive until the minute you leave. A comfortable trip there helps to keep you in a good mood and makes it easier to form the wonderful, festive memories you’ll treasure for all time. Jordan McLeod is a graduate of Middle Tennessee State University. She has been interested in fashion since she recognized the allure of polka dots and fascinated by all things beauty after she realized the transformative power of mascara and lipstick.

Spring Hill Orchestra

Hosts Hol iday Conc ert


racing the cover of the March 2015 issue of Validity was Rebecca Vendemo, founder and director of the Spring Hill Orchestra. Vendemo has been occupied since then building the SHO to a higher level of performance. Auditions for the orchestra were held in August. A fall concert took place in October, featuring the works of many famous composers, such as Light Cavalry Overture, Danse

Macabre, the Peer Gynt Suite, Mars and the William Tell Overture. Additionally, the premier of Darkness and Light by Doug Gibson was performed. In early November, the Spring Hill Orchestra celebrated its one year anniversary. A Christmas concert for the SHO is scheduled for Friday, December 18 at 7 p.m. at Pleasant Heights Baptist Chuch, 2712 Trotwood Avenue, Columbia,

Violinists Ashley Barnett and Julie Hatfield of the Spring Hill Orchestra.

Tennessee. In a joint concert between the SHO and the Maury County Chorale and Community Band, several holiday favorites will be performed. The orchestra will play selections from the Nutcracker Suite by Tchaikovsky, and will join the Maury County Chorale for Handel’s Messiah. Admission for the concert is free, and donations at the door are appreciated. The

orchestra uses those donations to purchase instruments and rent concert and rehearsal space. Anyone wishing to join the Spring Hill Orchestra may email Rebecca Vendemo at To learn more about the SHO, visit or find them on Facebook.

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13 .

Grapevine Art:

A New Twist on the Tree By Antonia Meadors



Photo Debbie Hutchens


A thirty feet tall Christmas tree and several other sculptures made of grapevine adorn Centerville’s public square. The pieces, created by Ricky Pittman, were installed with the assistance of volunteers, below, including the Centerville Fire Department and Gilbert’s Welding.

He and his team build their own molds to create their products. “It’s a new technique,” Pittman remarked. “It’s not really complicated, but I think we are the only ones who build balls like that.” Next year, they are going to file patents on some of their machines. “Our deer mold is pretty complicated. The 55-inch deer you see on the square, we have a mold for it since we have 40 of those we sold this year. Our Disney deer have a mold.” He commented that it can take three weeks to build some of the molds. When it came to creating the Centerville Christmas tree, he says, “It took about four of us working on it, off and on about two weeks.” “We have submitted it to the Guinness Book of World Records,” he stated of the tree. “We will hear back 12 weeks from the time we

Photo Korie Cochran

It is being considered for the s a young man, Guinness Book of World ReRicky Pittcords as the largest grapevine man gathered tree in the world. grapevines for makAccompanying the fesing wreaths and other tive tree are bigger decorative items to sell. than life-sized Who knew that thirty reindeer, and years later he would white angels be creating massive wild blowing trumanimals out of grapevine pets. All the from the Tennessee woods, décor on the among other places, comtree is also missioned by the San Diego constructed Zoo? with grapeRicky founded Pittman Products which builds Sable, above and lion, below, vine. W h e n commissioned by the San the machines, or Diego Zoo asked how it molds, to creall began, Pittman is modest. ate the base for He says he rolled wreaths for a living, when, “I realized a lot of the products I could make better.” He began running routes all over the region to flower shops and flea markets. “When the gas prices started going up, I built my own website. It took me about six months, but I really wanted to understand it.” Today he is the first hit on Google for ‘grapevine balls’ and number six for ‘grapevine wreaths.’ In addition to creating animals these for the San Diego Zoo, Pitfigures. The self-taught sculptor’s latest tman also made the feat of grandeur has been erected grapevine animals on the Centerville Town Square. for Disney’s AnHe has been making decorative imal Kingtrees for decades but always wanted dom. to create one of this magnitude, so he jumped at the chance when Historic Downtown Centerville asked him about providing the tree for this year’s Christmas festivities on the old courthouse lawn. They asked for a fifteen-foot tree, but what he constructed came in three huge pieces and required a bucket truck from the Centerville Fire Department, along with a crane from Gilbert’s Welding, to reach its thirty-foot height.

submitted it, which was about two or three weeks ago.” “Unofficially we know it is the largest grapevine tree, but we want to make it official.” Although Pittman is doing undeniably awesome things with his business, he remains humble. “To me, I don’t really see the big deal in it.”

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15 .



The Mystery Machines

Jen Palmer and Daphne Culver




Daphne: Jen and I started the group. We were in different projects and we met at Kimbro’s in Franklin, Tennessee. I had a few songs that did not fit my current project, and Jen wrote some cool harmonies for them, and we decided to form a group. Who would you say is your main

influence? Gospel, roots, soul, rock and growing up in a family of singers. But we love all of it, especially gospel, black gospel, R&B gospel. If you were stranded on an island forever, what one instrument would you take? Jen: Daphne! Daphne: Yeah, I can make noise out of anything, not to toot my own horn or anything. No, but probably a guitar. What is the most fulfilling thing about being in your band? To live out our passion, to do what we love the most, to play our creations.

Ross Jaynes

(background vocals) and Samuel Clint Damewood (violin) for an hat makes music and art interview after they were encored valid? In my opinion, by a full crowd at the Skyville Live it’s when the artists and Venue in Nashville, Tennessee. songwriting are uniquely captivating, or something quite maverick, (Group answers unless otherwise specified) yet still appealing. After attending a packed con- How did your band Daphne and cert of the band, Daphne and the the Mystery Machines form? Mystery Machines, it was apparent they fit the script for that skillful novelty. The music of Daphne and the Mystery Machines can be described as dark, edgy yet vulnerable songwriting paired with artistically entwined, vocal harmonies. They are Franklin and Columbia, Tennessee residents. So for the simple love of their music and the desire to see their offstage personalities, we sat down with band members Daphne Culver (lead vocalist/guitar), Jen Palmer (lead vocalist), Amanda Palmer By Luke E. Newbold

Ross Jaynes

What is the biggest hurdle you guys face as a band? Daphne: I would say no connections and how the business works. I didn’t grow up in the music in-

dustry. I guess realizing that the stuff you have made is actually worth something, it has value.



Name anything that makes you smile. Amanda: My mom. Daphne: Short shorts and hairy legs...together. Jen: My friends.

Choose: Tea, coffee, wine or water? Amanda: Coffee. Daphne, Jen, Samuel: Tea!

Ross Jaynes

What is the most meaningful show you have played? Music City Mayhem, its a competition. We did not even have an album and we got second place. The first place band had just got back from Bonnaroo. The competition was to get to play at Live on the Green Festival (Nashville), and we didn’t technically win, but we still got asked to play. And that put us on the radar of our favorite radio station: Lightning 100.


What is your main motivation to play music? Jen: It’s the love of the game, because I can’t help but to do it. Amanda: And if you don’t do it, there is a deep sadness, deep inside your gut that won’t go away. Samuel: A void.

Shaggy? Josh Preston (their guitarist with a distinctively long beard). We are Validity, so what is the most valid thing in your life today? The consensus was: The family we have together as a band.

What is your favorite way Pick only one word to to say goodbye? describe your band? Daphne: Au revoir! Delicious. (Followed by in- Jen: Sayonara, adios. tense laughter). Samuel: Audi 5000! Amanda: Bye! If you are Daphne, who is

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Wishing You and Yours a Merry Christmas and a Blessed New Year Thank you for your patronage this year. We look forward to serving you in 2016 The Duncan Hardware & Building Supply Family

In The Kitchen with Validity


alidity contributors share some of their favorite holiday recipes and memories. First up, Cassandra Warner from our What To Do In The Garden section.

Recipes from Bill Pulliam (Ornithology Report)

Here’s one of our favorite dishes! I have adapted it over the years to be more diabetic friendly so that’s the reason for all the options for milk and sweet alternatives. Happy day! – Cassandra

This is a thin and crispy wafer. They are not too sweet, and you may wind up eating them nonstop. The secret is to roll the dough thinly and bake until just done. All the rolling is a bit of work, but they are addictive, little things when you finish.

Sweet Potato Souffle Ingredients: ½ cup butter or coconut oil ½ cup honey or ½ cup coconut sugar or ½ teaspoon Stevia powder extract 4 medium sweet potatoes, baked and mashed 3 eggs 1 teaspoon cinnamon ¾ cup cow or almond or coconut milk


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German Cookies

Cream together: 1 stick butter ¼ cup lard ¼ cup sugar ¼ cup brown sugar

Mix in 1/2 cup dark Karo syrup (heat the syrup to make the mixing easier), then mix in: 1 egg 1 ½ tsp ground cloves 1 ½ tsp allspice 1 ½ tsp ground cinnamon Preheat oven 350 degrees. Combine all ¾ tsp baking powder ingredients. Mix well by hand, or with mixer. 2-3 cups all-purpose flour (enough to make Pour into deep dish, bake 15 minutes, remove a firm dough that is not sticky and holds and add topping. together in a ball) Topping Ingredients: Roll as thin as you dare and cut into holiday 2 cups chopped pecans shapes. Bake on ungreased cookie sheets at 325 2 tablespoons butter or coconut oil, melted F for 10 minutes. Cool before removing from ¼ cup honey or coconut sugar pans. Wafers will still be soft when they first Dash of sea salt come out of the oven, but crispen as they cool. The raw dough can be refrigerated for many Mix all ingredients, put on top of sweet podays, if you don’t have time to do all the rolling tatoes and return to oven for 15 minutes. and cutting in one sitting. This recipe is special to me, because my mom The German Cookies are an old recipe in Peggy’s shared it with me many years ago. I love serving (my wife) family, which came from a family something that everyone in the family loves, and friend, Tilly. The original recipe made an enorthis is one of those. I have served it to friends mous batch of dough, and the rolling and cutting before, who said they don’t usually care that could go on for weeks! Even this reduced version much for sweet potatoes but went back for seconds makes enough that we sometimes invite friends for this recipe. So it is one of those “got to have over for a cookie baking party to help divide up dishes” for our family gatherings.

Victoria’s Chocolate Truffles These are incredibly rich! Heat ¾ cup heavy whipping cream just to boiling. Stir in 1 ¼ pound chocolate chips and ½ stick butter until fully melted and thoroughly mixed. If you like, add ¼ cup rum or bourbon (add when hot to boil the alcohol away, or add after it cools a bit to keep the alcohol in). Cool completely and chill in the refrigerator (it will get very firm), then roll into balls. The colder it is, the less it will stick to your hands when you roll it. Roll the balls in powdered sugar, decorator sugar, chopped nuts, candy sprinkles, etc. My favorite is to roll in powdered sugar, then

Bill Pulliam

the labor. One friend in South Carolina, Barry, could roll the dough so thin you could almost see through it. We still say, “Too bad Barry isn’t here,” when it comes to cookie rolling time.

blender: 12 ounces vanilla wafers 1 cup pecans Transfer the crumbs from the blender to a big mixing bowl. Dissolve 3 tablespoons light corn syrup in ½ cup bourbon and mix with the crumbled wafers and pecans. Southern Comfort works well too, which makes them “Comfort Balls.”

Mix in: ½ cup powdered sugar ½ cup cocoa powder leave them out for a few hours so Roll into balls and sprinthe sugar hardens into kind of a kle with powdered sugar. Press crust, with the rich, soft center. together firmly with your fingers; Store covered at room tempera- they tend to crumble otherwise. ture or in the fridge. Store in tightly sealed containers if you want to keep the alcohol from Victoria is a friend of ours from our evaporating. Colorado days, who has a taste for sensible elegance. The truffle recipe Peggy’s Bourbon Balls are an old fais exactly her style, simple and pracvorite dating back to before she and tical, but with a sumptuous result. I first met. They are a favorite of family, friends, guests and coworkers. Every year at this time, people in the Peggy’s Bourbon Balls office start asking her when she is Grind up into fine crumbs in a going to bring some in. Folks claim

Victoria’s Chocolate Truffles

Keg Springs Winery Bringing Wines


to get tipsy from them, but I think it is just the chocolate and whiskey aroma that makes them lightheaded, since there are only four shots of booze in the entire batch! Quick Tips from Bill For the truffles and bourbon balls, I have a trick for quick and easy ball making: Roll the mixture by hand into logs (like large tootsie rolls), about as thick as your thumb and maybe eight inches long. Line up all the logs on the cutting board side by side and chill them a bit to make them firm. Take a knife or meat cleaver and cut the logs into sections about one inch long. Cut them right there on the cutting board using a few big long slices that cut across all of the logs at once. Roll each little section into a ball by hand. You can make a big batch of balls this way much quicker and easier than scooping out and rolling each ball one by one using a spoon.

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Recipe from Landis Turner (Ask A Lawyer)

Chess Pie Ingredients: 1 ½ cups sugar 1 stick of butter 3 whole beaten eggs 1 tablespoon vinegar or lemon juice 1 tablespoon vanilla A few drops almond extract

Recipe from Cody Crawford (Technology)

Hot Wassail

whole cloves. In saucepan, combine apple juice and cranberry juice (also, sugar and bitters if desired). Add whole oranges and bag of spices. Simmer covered for 10 minutes. Remove oranges and serve.

Ingredients: 6 cinnamon sticks Recipe: Rosa Mae Warren 16 whole cloves 1 teaspoon whole allspice This is an awesome holiday drink, 6 cups apple juice especially for kids. I remember the 2 cups cranberry juice second we would get to Granma’s 3 medium oranges for the holidays, we would be Optional: ¼ cup sugar thinking about making wassail. Optional: 1 teaspoon We would always “help” her make aromatic bitters) it, and then as soon as it was finInstructions: ished, promptly burn our tongues Tie sticks of cinnamon, cloves trying to guzzle it. and allspice in a cheesecloth bag. Stick 3 medium oranges with

Place sugar and butter in a saucepan and melt on top of stove stirring constantly. Add beaten eggs and stir well. Add vinegar (lemon juice) and vanilla. Bake in uncooked pie shell at 325 for 50 minutes. Center will be soft (runny). Cool on wire rack.

Happy Holidays

From The Dugger Team

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I love the chess pie recipe and use it, because it was my grandmothers’ and did not require buttermilk as a lot do. I hate buttermilk!

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Saving The Planet



Foot At A Time Photo Courtesy Carol Buckley

By Becky Jane Newbold


ecently recognized alongside notables such as Jane Goodall and The Black Mambas, Hohenwald’s Carol Buckley has been named one of the top nine women saving the planet by Founder of Elephant Aid International, Buckley’s 30 year career of working with elephants most recently has taken her to India and



Nepal where she began simply. “I was at a national park with veterinarian, Dr. Susan Mikota, to assist with health checkups,” she said in our recent interview. “My job was to take photos.” She noticed the elephants’ feet were in poor condition and asked if she could trim their feet. Putting together a presentation, Buckley addressed a mandatory owners meeting that was called. A new culture of foot trimming in Asia began. Elephants in India are cared for by Mahouts, some of the lowest of the socio-economic status cast. At first, little attention was paid to Carol’s contributions. But for the Mahouts, her observations have led to a greater understanding of the elephants in their care. Each year she travels back to trim as many as 200 elephants’ feet and to teach another way of elephant management.

Getting a start in the circus with a baby elephant named Tarra, when Carol Buckley was just out of college, Carol noted how trainers in the United States handled elephants. Carol has spent her life seeking a better way. Taking her Compassionate Elephant Care system, free of

Photo Courtesy Carol Buckley

Nine Women Who Are Saving The Planet 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Jane Goodall The Black Mambas Dr. Sylvia Earle Gavriella Cowperwaith Cindy Lowry Stella McCartney Kinessa Johnson Carol Buckley Suzy Amis Cameron

Follow a link to learn more at ___ Source

punishment and free of infliction of pain, to India has been her latest venture. While trimming feet, Carol realized the Mahouts handled their elephants in exactly the same manner as she had observed in circuses. “Elephant management practices came from an Asian mindset. Mahouts taught circuses and zoos a dominant method of how to care for and control elephants. It continues to blow my mind how elephants are still controlled in American circuses identically to Asia,” she stated. By teaching the Mahouts to improve the area where elephants are kept (i.e. clean from manure, etc.) and to trim the elephants feet, the lives of working elephants are improving. “I got out of the circus industry, because I was appalled by that treatment. I am now in the middle of it,” she commented. In middle Tennessee in 1995, Carol, alongside co-founder Scott Blais, created a place – The Elephant Sanctuary (TES) – where “the elephant is not compromised,” she explained. But in Asia, Carol must compromise to help. “I have no control, no power. I am helping elephants who are owned by someone else. A little improvement is better than nothing,” she added. Carol Buckley left TES in 2010 and Scott Blais left soon after. Both have begun new elephant related projects while TES continues under new leadership. Another part of Buckley’s work has been the introduction of chain-free corrals. Elephants in captivity often suffer debilitating foot problems due to the conditions in which they are kept. Buckley saw this time and time again during her work at The Elephant Sanctuary in Hohenwald. What started with a project resulting in chain free corrals for six elephants at The National Trust for Nature Conservation Biodiversity Conservation Center in Sauraha, Nepal, has now grown. The Nepali government, recognizing improved elephant behavior as a result of the corrals, requested Carol Buckley create

Carol Buckley Eleven year old Prakrit Kali is shown playing with her baby brother, Hem Gaj in Nepal. “These elephants were kept separate until we created the chain-free corrals. They loved to play as sibling elephants do. Unfortunately baby Hem Gaj died a few months ago, just before his second birthday—as result of the herpes,” Carol Buckley shared.


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Tarra paraded downtown Hohenwald in 1995 as an introduction to the community. Since that time, Tarra has roamed the 2,700 acres in Lewis County and is part of the Asian herd. “I have always said, Tarra’s going to live in the best place possible,” Carol concluded. Meanwhile, Carol continues her work. “What I’m doing, teaching: English lessons, Compassionate Elephant Care (which includes an understanding of how the elephant processes information) and how to modify the Mahout’s response to elephants. “They have an astute sensitivity to the dangers of an elephant,” she explained. “That’s why the Mahouts are so great. They have a built-in knowledge of when danger is present. Many women who want to work with elephants come in at the ground level with a ‘Disney perspective.’ Elephants are wild animals. The Mahouts have a lot to contribute. Learn more about Carol’s work at News from The Elephant Sanctuary

In the past two months, an agreement with the Nashville Zoo led to the retirement of all three female African elephants who will live out their days at The Elephant Sanctuary (TES) in Hohenwald. “After successful transports, Sukari, 31 years old, and Rosie, a 44 year old, have now joined their Zoo mate, Hadari, in Sanctuary,” a spokesperson with TES said in a press release. Hadari, a 33-year-old African elephant, arrived at The Sanctuary from the Zoo in late September. Soon after, the Nashville Zoo made the decision to also retire Rosie. By early November, Sukari joined Hadari and Rosie. The three elephants have been together at the Nashville Zoo since 2010. Rosie, Sukari and Hadari have joined Flora, a 33-year-old African, and Tange, a 42-year-old African, in The Sanctuary’s African habitat. Their arrival at The Elephant Sanctuary increased the current number of residents to 14. Carol Buckley

chain-free space for 63 government-owned elephants. The project was completed June of this year. Now Tiger Tops, Chitwan National Park’s premier tourist destination has requested Carol Buckley design chain free space for their 17 elephants. One elephant’s behavior was a disgrace to the Mahouts and likewise to the government. Taking the dysfunctional, swaying behavior as a personal failure, the Mahouts were stunned with the simplicity of the solution. An elephant named Prakrit Kali had been separated from her mother, but they were chained 25 feet apart. In the wild, baby elephants are never separated from their mothers and a herd of “aunts” and significant others. Highly social and dependent on each other for interaction, the reuniting of mother and baby through the chainfree, fencing project led to resolution of the swaying for Prakrit Kali. “Before, the Mahouts would hit the elephants to ‘tell’ them to lie down. Now, the Mahouts show off how they can get their elephants to lie down without hitting them. “It’s a whole new concept for them to be off chains. They are part of the solution,” she said. In Carol’s immediate future, she is searching for land to create another “sanctuary” type environment, one she will call an “Elephant Preserve.” She is looking for land in the south eastern portion of the U. S. and says, “Tarra will come with me.” .


TES is closed to the public, in true sanctuary form. Live-feed via video may be seen at

Sukari and Rosie explore a mudwallow at The Elephant Sanctuary.

Double Book Review By James Lund

By Harper Lee


In the Heart of the Sea By Nathaniel Philbrick

The movie adaptation of Nathaniel Philbrick’s New York Times Bestselling book In the Heart of the Sea will premiere in theaters on December 11th, 2015. Directed by Ron Howard and starring Chris Hemsworth, this is the tragic true story of a ship, a whale and a crew that will do anything to survive, including, the unthinkable. On August 12, 1819, Captain George Pollard Jr. and his crew sailed the whaleship Essex out of Nantucket harbor on what was scheduled to be a two and a half year whaling voyage. In November of the following year, the Essex encountered an unusually large whale, acting strangely. The crew watched in horror as the whale stalked and repeatedly rammed the ship,



James Lund, along with his wife Heather, own The Old Curiosity Book Shop in downtown Columbia, Tennessee. A native of Nashville, James moved to Columbia several years ago to get away from crowds and promptly opened a business whose purpose is to attract crowds.





Wishi n

Merry C A u o h gY


et in the fictional small town of Maycomb, Alabama, the plot of the classic book To Kill a Mockingbird centers on young Jean (Scout) Finch during the time that her father, lawyer Atticus Finch, participates in the trial of Tom Robinson, and the way in which the trial affects the family and the people of the town in which they live. The popularity of the first published novel from Harper Lee quickly swept the country. To Kill a Mockingbird won a Pulitzer Prize in 1961 and has been taught in schools nationwide for decades. It has been known for years that Ms. Lee had written another book, presumably about the Finch family, the details of which were unknown to the public, as it was said that Ms. Lee was not interested in releasing the novel. Earlier this year, the publisher released a statement to the world that Go Set a Watchman, the follow-up novel to To Kill a Mockingbird, would be published and released on July 14, 2015. Go Set a Watchman is set roughly 20 years after the events of To Kill a Mockingbird. The plot centers on Scout, who returns home to Maycomb to visit her father while struggling with the ways in which Atticus is adapting to the changing social structure of the small Alabama town where he lives. The pedestal she has put her father on all these years comes crashing down, as Scout is forced to process the fact that Atticus is a flawed human being with beliefs that may be contradictory to the way he raised her and her now deceased brother. The story behind the origin of Go Set a Watchman is fascinating. Written in the mid1950s, an editor, after reading the draft of Go Set a Watchman, suggested Ms. Lee instead write a book from the perspective of a much younger version of the character “Scout,” thus To Kill a Mockingbird was born. Now, 55 years after the publication of “Mockingbird,” we get to read the original novel written by Harper Lee. After several news outlets suggested that the now 89 year old author was being taken

advantage of with the publishing of this book, an independent investigation was conducted by the Alabama Securities Commission. After interviewing Ms. Lee in person, it was found that she was “…aware of what is going on with her book and the book deal.” The investigation was closed. _________


a p p y N e w Ye



Go Set A Watchman

eventually sinking the Essex. Twenty-one men left Nantucket, only eight would return. Years later, Herman Melville would use the story of the Essex as inspiration for his classic novel Moby Dick. Y o u can find copies of Go Set a Watchman and In the Heart of the Sea at The Old Curiosity Book Shop on the square in downtown Columbia or at your favorite indie bookstore. Remember to support your local indie shops, restaurants and publications. We appreciate each one of you.

From our Students, Faculty and Staff

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27 .

One Lawyer’s Opinion

Find More

Litigation Vs. Life in the Courtroom


n 1910, the late president Theodore Roosevelt gave a speech in Paris. He said nothing about lawyers, but I find it apt today.


By Landis Turner

“It is not the critic who counts; not the man who points out how the strong man stumbles, or where the doer of deeds could have done them better. The credit belongs to the man who is actually in the arena, whose face is marred by dust and sweat and blood; who strives valiantly; who errs, who comes up short again and again, because there is no error and shortcoming but who comes up short again and again; but does actually strive to do the deeds; who knows great enthusiasms, the great devotions; who spends himself in a worthy cause; who at the best, know at the end of the triumph of high achievement, and who at the worst, if he fails, at least fails while daring greatly, so that his place shall never be with those cold and timid souls, should who neither know victory nor defeat.”

What are the differences between a trial lawyer and a litigator? They’re huge. For one thing, trial lawyers have a lot of pride in their profession. Most have big egos, some even to the point of being irritating to others. For instance, some litigators deride them by saying one can identify a trial lawyer by his gaudy, gold cuff links. The American Board of Trial Advocates is a national organization. It has local chapters all over the country. Its main purpose is to protect and promote trials by jury. Why, you might ask, should one of our most cherished constitutional rights need protection? For one thing, trials by jury are very expensive. The O. J. Simpson trial dragged on and on. Trials by judges are shorter and the dockets are less crowded. It may take three years to get a jury trial. Then, in areas where this magazine is circulated, many trial lawyers had rather face a liberal judge than a conservative jury. Any study of election results show our people are becoming more conservative. With some exceptions, the prosperity of Nashville’s bedroom communities confirm this opinion.


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Where do you find good trial lawyers? Let’s start with the Public Defender’s office. PDs, like DAs, spend a lot of time in courtrooms. Both have mentors. But PDs are at a disadvantage. They are overworked. They have way too many cases to give personal attention to each one. They just don’t have the time. They are also under paid. When I was TBA president, we started the PD program, and the state only provided $6 million. This covered only a percentage of what DAs make, and PDs were given fewer assistants, so they usually had to do their own investigations. As said before, they lack time and manpower to do the job as ef-

f o o r P and your neck, and ...

fectively as other lawyers do. As you can see, district attorneys have a great advantage over public defenders and private lawyers. This doesn’t bother litigators, because they are never found in the offices of DAs or PDs or any courtroom for that matter. This column discusses legal issues of general interest and does not give legal advice on any reader’s personal situation. The law is not a one-size-fits-all hat. Consult a lawyer of your choice. Landis Turner is a graduate of the University of the SouthSewanee and Vanderbilt University School of Law. He is a former president of the Tennessee Bar Association.

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It is very important to protect trials by jury. Litigators tend to work for large firms, where they defend their firm’s corporate clients, many of whom are insurance companies. Most trial lawyers work alone or in small firms. Also, trial lawyers are not paid unless they win their client’s case. Usually, the trial lawyer receives one third of the client’s claims and nothing if the case is lost. _______

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What More Could I ask? I am your righteousness and your salvation. I am your strength, your shield, and your joy. I am the eternal one who has neiI am the Lord your God. ther beginning nor end. I am majestic in beauty. Radiant I am Jesus, Yeshua. in battle! Glorious in victory! I am Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. I am the King I am one. of all kings, Lord I give rise to kings and I cast down of all lords, the their thrones upon them. Prince of peace, I am awesome; yet, I am meek, and everlasting humble, and gentle. Father. I am patient and forgiving in the I am all wis- face of true repentance. dom, knowledge, I am love and loving; yet, My wrath and understandand My vengeance is fearsome. By Charles E. ing. I am to be loved, worshiped, and Newbold, Jr. There is none obeyed. Yet, I will never impose Myother than Me. Eternal in the heavens! self upon you. Creator of all there is! Yet, intimate I am living, personable, and touchand given to detail. able. I am your physician, healer, and I have come to you as the Son of your health. the Father through My Holy Spirit to I am your protector and provider. give you life—My kind of life, that you I am your Lord, your God, and through My Son might be as I am; your Savior. That you through My Son might I am your baptizer. I immerse, have fellowship with Me, even one on soak, and saturate you in My pre- one; cious Holy Spirit. My Holy Spirit is That you through My Son might the power of My Lordship in your life. do mighty works in My name; You can do nothing of Me apart from That you through My Son might Me. abide in Me as I am in you, and that I am the very breath of your life. I you might have My life forevermore. breathed into you the breath of life. I All this is still only a faded glass give and I take away. through which you can see Me, to I am the highest authority in the know the glorious beauty and magnifiuniverse. No authority exists unless I cence of My being, of My desire to be grant it. with you and fellowship with you. I am your righteousness, peace and Oh, that you would know Me and joy in the Holy Spirit. come running to Me, clinging to My neck as a child hugs the neck of his father coming home from a long journey. Know me! Know me! For to truly know Me is to absolutely love Me. What more of Complete Automotive Repair you could I ask than this? November 1, 2015, while in prayer, listening, the Holy Spirit impressed upon me to write the following attributes of God.

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Charles Elliott Newbold, Jr. has served as pastor, teacher and is an author calling forth Christians to live the laiddown life for Jesus Christ. He and his wife, Nancy McDonald Newbold, live in Knoxville, Tennessee, where Charles continues his writing.

29 .

The Garden In December

Cassandra Warner

Reflect and Remember



and smell something as beautiful as a rose. And spending time feeling the warm sunshine, getting some

great exercise, taking in the beauty of nature all around. The wonderful smells, the sounds of song birds,

Cassandra Warner


owling wind signifies winter weather is well on its way. On a cold, winter wonderland day, sitting in front of a crackling fire, sipping a most delightful, hot cup of herbal tea By Cassandra Warner from the garden, soothes the winter woes. My mind stirs to remember the days outside in perfect temps and warm sunshine digging in the dirt, creating and nurturing the garden. Oh, I can hardly wait for that season to return. So, it is in this season of the garden that we can take some time to remember the wonderful garden life we have had this year. I like to reflect on the amazing miracle it is to have a garden, to watch things grow, to get to see, feel

the flitter and fly by of bees and butterflies. The feeling of fulfillment that comes from growing one’s own food naturally without chemicals and pesticides. How great it is to do something that lifts your spirit and mind, improves your body and provides your family with the best and FRESHEST food. To help with planning for next year, I find it helpful to spend some time remembering the successes and failures thereby, recollecting which varieties of plants performed the best that will be keepers for next year. I take note of which plants worked well together for interplanting. What were some combinations of vegetables, herbs and flowers that worked well together: good textures, colors, fragrance and those combinations that had a positive impact for encouraging beneficial insects. With the help of photos, I can easily remember the garden layout and make a plan for rotating

This is an important thing to remember. A clean garden will be healthier for sure and will be a much more pleasant sight for you to enjoy. Take advantage of “saving up” things that are available this time of year, like my favorite leaves (it totally disturbs me to see them being burned), wood ashes, wood chips, fallen branches and pruning waste. Then you will have on hand some of the vital ingredients needed to create your compost pile. Compost is something you can add to your garden at any time and you can never add too much. You can turn it into the soil, amend beds in the fall and a let the natural freeze/thaw process work it in. Use it as a top dressing or mulch, adding it in at time of planting. It is good to remember all the good that compost does for the garden. *Improves the soil structure. *Helps plant roots penetrate the soil easier. *Helps break up clay soil. *Helps sandy soil retain water. *Aids in microbial activity. *Attracts earthworms and other beneficials. For all those reasons, there never seems to be enough. You just cannot make too much. This is something you do year after year to keep up the quality of your soil. So maybe if you are new to composting, you are concerned you

*Garden trimmings and pruning. *Kitchen scraps. *Tea leaves and bags. *Manure from horses, cows, chickens, rabbits and sheep. *Grass clippings. *Hair. *Seaweed. *Spent garden plants. *Coffee grounds (yes I know they are brown, but they are considered green). They add a nitrogen boost to the pile that can help get the composting process going. Eggshells are considered neither green nor brown. However, you might have green or brown eggs. And that’s OK. Whatever the color, they should go into the pile to add calcium. Brown Materials

*Leaves (preferably shredded). *Leaf mold. *Cardboard. *Shredded paper and newsprint. *Sawdust. *Straw and hay. *Pine needles. *Corn cobs and stalks. *Wood ash. *Wood chips. *Pond muck.

Cassandra Warner

Clean It Up

Save It Up Green Materials

*Pesticide treated materials. *Perennial weeds. *Weeds with seeds. *Diseased plants. *Poisonous plants. *Meat. *Pet manure. *Bones. Pile It Up

To begin the pile, start with a layer of brown materials on the bottom, making that layer about a foot

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and a half tall. Next, add about a 3-4 inch layer of manure, and sprinkle some garden soil over that (this will help give it a boost in getting started). Then, continue with adding more layers of green and brown materials. Water the pile as you add the layers so that it is moist, like a wrung out sponge, not soggy. A round 10 foot diameter size that you layer up 3 or 4 feet high, with the upper layer being not quite as wide as the lower, so that the pile


Clean It Up, Save It Up, Pile It Up, And The Garden Will Be Looking Up

won’t make the perfect pile. But don’t be. Just as it is in cooking, you will find there are different versions of the same recipe. One has a little more of one thing or a little less, the same is true for composting. Also, every time you make a pile, you will probably be working with different and varying amounts of materials. So, some say 1/2 green and 1/2 brown. Then some say 3 parts green to 1 part brown. It’s been my experience, if you get somewhere near either you’ll get compost.


crops. This season is a good time to remember some important things that can be done for the overall good of the garden. Remember, it is beneficial to put garden beds to bed that are not in use during the winter. That is simply covering them well with any kind of organic material, such as paper that is then covered with shredded leaves, straw, wood chips, pine straw and/or coffee grounds. This will give them protection from winter extremes, help to control winter weeds, prevents erosion, encourage earthworms to come and do their great work in your soil and make it possible to get an earlier start on planting in the spring because the soil will be warmer.

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tapers toward the top is a good size to work with. Now there are two styles of composting. One could have a sign that says, COMPOST HAPPENS! And it does. Pile up the materials, maybe big pieces that you don’t want to chop or break up, and just leave them alone. Maybe turn them once in awhile. Eventually, they will compost.

The other one could have a sign that says, WILL WORK FOR COMPOST. The materials are chopped and broken into small pieces and turned quite often. So, yes, it is more work, but you get that wonderful compost much sooner. Do remember though, not to let the compost pile dry out, because decomposition stops if the pile is not moist.


I find it best to have more compost piles going at the same time. Ideally, you always have one that is ready to use. So, this is a great time to pile it all up and LET THE COMPOST BEGIN! Maintenance

*Prune summer flowering trees and shrubs (those that flower on new growth of the current season).

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Be Kind To The Pretty Birds

*Set out bird feeders. *Leave them some seed heads of coneflower, aster, sedum and blackeyed Susan. *Wait till spring to cut back ornamental grasses. They will provide food and shelter plus you will enjoy the winter interest they provide in the landscape.

e M


*Consider adding to your landscape some plants with colorful berries, such as Nandina, American Beautyberry, Buford Holly, Chinese Holly, Foster Holly, Nellie R, Stephens Holly, Pyracantha and Washington Hawthorn. *If you don’t yet have spring flowering bulbs or garlic planted, and the ground is not frozen or water-logged, then go for it now. *Trees and shrubs, again, as long as the ground is not frozen or water-logged. *Sow seeds for any herbs you may want to grow indoors during the winter.

Cassandra Warner

er with straw or shredded leaves: leeks, parsnips, carrots, beets, rutabagas, turnips, spinach, garlic and shallots. *Cut back asparagus ferns if you haven’t gotten to it yet. Apply compost, composted manure or worm castings, and mulch well. *Mulch strawberries well for winter protection. To reduce weeds, I use coffee grounds and wood chips around the plants, and you can also lightly cover them with two inches of pine needles or straw. *Give evergreens a good soaking if they are dry going into winter *After the ground freezes, mulch roses, perennials and bulb flower beds to prevent heaving during freeze/thaw cycles.


Continue to harvest kale, swiss chard, cabbage, carrots, beets, turnips, collards, arugula, mustard greens, leeks, onions, radish, parsley, leaf lettuce, cilantro, corn salad and sunchokes as needed. Flower Power

This time of year, I thank God for pansies. They are beautiful, bright, cheery and are so delicate looking. Yet, they can get covered in

snow and still be showing off their flower power. Then to top that off, you can toss some into your salad and really feel the flower power! Garden Quotes

I heard a bird sing in the dark of December. A magical thing and sweet to remember. We are nearer to Spring than we were in September.

I heard a bird sing In the dark of December. –Oliver Herford On a December day filled with winter sunshine, I feel the need to see a dear friend of mine. So happily I’ll walk the garden path to reflect and remember The lush shades of green and vibrant colors that once

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overflowed to create a garden dream Oh! Little patches of green here and there and the bright face of a pansy I see, In the winter sunshine I cherish this wonderful place to be. ­–Cassandra Warner Herbs In The Garden: Rosemary

What a a lovely herb with a wonderful, savory smell. Rosemary is a beautiful addition to any herb garden or can be used in the landscape. As a seasoning, rosemary is described as a pungent, somewhat piney, mint-like, yet sweeter, with a slight ginger finale. Its flavor harmonizes well with poultry, fish,

lamb, beef, veal, pork and game. Rosemary enhances tomatoes, peas, cheese, eggs, mushrooms, spinach, squash and lentils. It compliments the herbs chives, thyme, chervil, parsley and bay in recipes. Rosemary has an interesting and rich history and has been used by cooks and apothecaries since the earliest of times. It has a reputation of strengthening the memory and is an emblem of fidelity for lovers. It was used by the wealthy in the sixteenth century to keep their home smelling sweet. In some Mediterranean villages, linen is spread over rosemary to dry, so the sun will extract its moth-repellent aroma. During the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries branches were burned in

homes to keep away the black death. Then as recently as World War II, a mix of rosemary leaves and juniper berries were burned in hospitals in France to kill germs. Now research has found that rosemary oil does have some antibacterial effects. Rosemary is, however, best known as a symbol of remembrance, friendship and love. Written in 1852 by Anne Manning in her fictional novel, The Household of St Thomas More, “As for Rosemarie, I lett it run alle over my garden walls, not onlie because my bees love it, but because ‘tis the herb sacred to remembrance and therefore to friendship, whence a sprig of it hath a dumb language that

maketh ye chosen emblem at our funeral wakes and in our buriall grounds.” At one time it was used in almost every wedding ceremony, and even today, an offering of rosemary signifies love, friendship and remembrance.” Originally from Texas, Cassandra Warner is a transplant to the garden of Tennessee. Gardening has been one of her passions for forty years. “Gardening connects you to the miracle of life and provides healthy exercise and stress relief.”

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Ornithology Report

In Praise of Poison Ivy


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foot on this continent that many people are not fond of either. One in particular is singled out for near universal revulsion: poison ivy! Poison ivy is a very common plant throughout eastern North America. The closely related poison oak is so similar that it is hardly even worth worrying about the distinction between the two species here. Another close relative, the poison sumac, is a northern plant that does not grow around here; our local sumacs with the prominent red berries are completely harmless, and the berries make a tasty spice when dried and ground. The western states also have their own collections of native poison oak species.

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or other outdoorsy person to teach you about it immediately! Like most of you, I am sensitive to poison ivy. Yet, I insist on letting it grow rampant on our property in areas that are away from places we frequently go. Some of our trees are richly draped with the stuff, and collared with spreading poison ivy branches all the way up their trunks. Why on earth would I do this? The answer is simple: Poison ivy is one of our most important winter food sources for many native birds. The abundant, small, whitishgreen berries at the ends of all those luxuriant twigs persist far into the winter. These berries are edible and non-irritating. We humans don’t bother with them since they are flavorless to us, and the twigs that bear them are coated with the irritating oily urushiol. But they are highly prized, calorie rich morsels for wild birds, whose feathers and scaly feet seem to protect them from the itch. Many birds specialize in feeding on insects in the summer. Most of these species leave this area for warmer climates in the winter. Some, however, do overwinter here. During the cold months in the midsouth, insect life is scarce and is mostly hiding in cracks and crannies, where it takes work to find them. So, many of our overwintering, insectivorous birds eat small berries to supplement their winter diets. And poison ivy berries are one of their favorites. If the birds spoke English, they would probably call this plant something positive like “Winterfeast.” My poison-ivy-covered trees play host to warblers, kinglets, woodpeckers, waxwings, phoebes, bluebirds, thrushes and other birds far into the cold, gray months. These trees are my bird feeders. Other berry-producing native plants are also important for these birds. Virginia creeper with its small, blackish berries is often tangled up in the same “poison ivy trees,” and is just as valuable as a wildlife food. Even privet and honeysuckle, noxious weeds that they are, redeem themselves a little bit by providing wintertime berries for birds. However, these two invasive aliens are so damaging to the landscape overall, that I would never recommend deliberately letting them take over. By comparison to those aggressive

dominators, poison ivy is downright mellow in its growth habits. Alas, probably the second-most reviled native plant species in this area is also an important food source for wild birds: Ragweed, especially the giant ragweed that can grow 12 feet tall and superficially resembles that other notorious “Weed.” Small birds of many species dine on ragweed flowers and seeds from late summer through autumn. However, there are many other seed plants to feed the wild birds at that season, so I feel less guilty about hacking down the ragweed for the sake of my respiratory passages. Ragweed is also an extremely fast growing and prolific annual. So, no matter how much I hack, there somehow is still always a bumper crop next year. Allowing there to be some “poison ivy trees” in the out of the way corners of your property is part of a larger idea of managing land for wildlife habitat. As I have written before, one of the key ideas here is complexity of habitat elements. Just like a pond, a stream, a pasture, a brambly hedgerow and a mature woodlot with some standing dead snags, trees covered with wild berryproducing vines make a landscape more hospitable to more different types of creatures. Of course, if you have a small yard, you probably do not want poison ivy near the house. But if you have some space, think about letting the poison ivy and Virginia creeper go rampant on some of the trees, brambles or brush piles farther removed from places you regularly go. You will almost surely notice, come late autumn, that the birds seem to particularly like these “landscape elements.” For me, having giant zeromaintenance bird feeders scattered all over our acreage is more than enough compensation for always needing to stay at least three feet away from these trees! And if I do get too close, eh, what’s a little itch in the big picture? Bill Pulliam got started in birdwatching by his junior high science teacher in 1974, and has been an avid birder ever since in 48 U.S. states and 7 foreign countries. He is currently the Tennessee editor for eBird, a online project that compiles millions of observations from tens of thousands of birders around the world.

Fishing with Attitude

Finding Success on the Water By Tim Tighe


ishing with the correct attitude can prepare us for life. Since my retirement from a 40-year aerospace career, every day is spent in pursuit of my true passion of bass fishing. Utilizing my time to improve my skills and versatility has taught me many things about fishing and how difficult it can be to consistently acheive success. It is an extremely rare day when I catch no fish, but I have learned just as fish must adjust to their environment if they are to survive, this applies to the fisherman, as well. This is what I enjoy so much about the sport. Also, it is perfectly fine for different individuals to have different ideas of what fishing success

is to them. It may be a good catch of bluegill or catfish, the precious time spent with friends or family or numerous other worthy endeavors. I push myself every day to become a better fisherman, because that is the only way we get better, whether it is fishing, golf, playing music or overall success in life. In most cases, the more successful we are, the better we feel about our lives. Becoming a good fisherman is not a destination but a journey, much like life in general. The day we quit striving to improve is the day we are destined to live a dull existence. A five pound bass I recently caught in Cheatham Lake is an example of a technique new to me called drop shotting. Competitors and many successful professional fisherman are proving there are

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times when this tool or technique will out-produce other methods. If I had not forced myself to try this technique, this fish would not have been caught. Years ago, with a decent limit of five bass, a tournament fisherman would do relatively well. The improved competition has made it necessary to have five larger fish to do well. It has also been proven the bass on lakes like Kentucky and Barkley that get a lot of fishing pressure do get harder to catch over time because the fish are adjusting to their changing environment in order to survive. Do we see why we must keep improving to be successful? Isn’t this also how life works in general? Upon retirement, a goal was to dedicate time to help educate people to the great sport of fishing. There has never been a better time to try as now. I’m sure that most, if not all of us, could agree we wish we had been as knowledgeable about life when we were young as we are now. A much smoother progression through life would be certain. College bass fishing teams started 10 years ago, and the number of teams has doubled since then. High school bass fishing team numbers have increased by the same amount in the last two years. Colleges are realizing two things: College fishing programs are successful, and recruits keep it growing. High school anglers now have an avenue to get scholarships to many fine colleges. The National Championship just a few months ago at Paris Landing on Kentucky Lake gave away $75,000 in college scholarships. Although I played some sports in high school, I wish I would have had this option. The other wonderful thing about fishing is you don’t need to be extremely large, athletic or male to participate with success.

Attitude, dedication and your ability to continue refining your skills determine success - much like life. I am very optimistic that this trend will continue. The two major bass fishing organizations, B.A.S.S. and FLW, and others, are working very hard to keep this success story growing. I have just recently been appointed the Middle Tennessee High School Fishing Director for B.A.S.S. I am very excited about the many benefits of this program and urge you to talk to your local high school staff about it. You can contact me for help at 615-310-1280 with your questions. Thanks, and here’s to great fishing! Tim Tighe was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, one of seven children. Nature and the outdoors have been his passion since an early age, starting with hunting and fishing local creeks with a line wrapped around a piece of wood. He is still fascinated by the challenge of consistently catching big fish.

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37 .

Cerebral Meanderings

The Afterlife A

ssuming God is real, and He sent his Son to save me, and I remain a fairly good boy, heaven’s gate will be open. Likewise, hell only exists if one supposes that a higher, life-giving power rules the universe. But, what if no God exists, like so many believe. By Shane Newbold No heaven, no hell. Deliberating the alternative, eternal options for mortal man, only two continued to cycle through my neurotransmitters: return to the dust or reincarnation. Returning to the dust, yeah, well that would be a boring way to spend eternity. Eureka! Reincarnation! Splendid! So, if God is dead, I choose to reincarnate. Not knowing the rules of reincarnation, nor really caring, I will make them up as I wish. Farm animals get eaten which is definitely a good reason to not return as a herbivore except maybe in Hindu countries. One could possibly come back and hang out on the Hindu streets with the other cows, goats, chickens and monkeys

who used to be people. You might even run into someone you knew when human. Talk about some seriously weird deja vu. Encountering an old girlfriend could be an emotionally “mooooving” reunion, assuming you both reincarnated as cows. Somewhat more problematic if she returns a chameleon and you an insect and you cheated on her in the previous life. Maybe she was a bit of a chameleon before, giving you a feeble reason to be unfaithful. However, one must be mindful, specifically regarding the vengeful nature of the scorned female, the cycle of life may bite the man in the butt in the afterlife, if he treated her “baaaadly.” Sorry, yeah, I was momentarily thinking of coming back as a sheep. Anyway, I cannot come back as a sheep. Sheepish I’m not. The rules, made up or not, require a personality fit. For example, many should return to the planet as a mule, because they are an ass as humans. And in my humble opinion, I’m way too nice to return as a mule. Other reincarnations on my list include the fast, beautiful, thoroughbred race horses with flighty, unstable, mental issues. None of my multiple personalities are men-

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tally unhinged. So the mighty steed is scratched from the list. Serpents, reptiles and amphibians get no respect. Too creepy I guess. And who wants to be associated with Satan and come back as a snake. Unlikely that I will be canonized into sainthood, but I sure don’t want to jeopardize the possibility by reincarnating as a rattleheaded-copper-mouth. Orca! That would be cool. The persona certainly fits me. Unfortunately, killer whales are suffering. Earth’s big, blue waters are polluted and getting worse. Toxins of all kinds are found in the oceans’ inhabitants. Too bad. That would be a sweet afterlife experience. I could see myself as a polar bear. But the polar ice cap is melting, causing the species distress and a threat of extinction. Chicken or eagle. That is an obvious choice. Birds of prey are on the short list. But, what happens when the rebirthed creature dies, as most animals are short lived. Can one reincarnate over and over and over? If not, one should consider long lived options. Tortoises live 100 years. But wow, that is a slow lifestyle and they are herbivores, I like to eat meat. A mighty oak stands throughout the ages but is susceptible to loggers, lightening and wind. Also, trees are stuck in the same spot, really boring. Birds relieve themselves on your appendages and every winter is spent in the freezing cold, naked and exposed. Yeah, that’s not me. I suppose it’s possible to come back another person, although being human is not always all its cracked up to be. Don’t get me wrong. I do not take my wonderful life for granted. But, who would I come back and be? I wouldn’t be

me. And I’m pretty fond of me. Yet, one creature exists that actualizes the innermost me and represents the embodiment of all that I perceive me to be. This beast, this brute of living, breathing, humble, obedient, keen, intense, athletic incarnation only speaks a few words, silently, of course: “I wear a way cool tactical vest. I get to take out the worst of the worst bad guys. I jump out of planes with my alpha best bud who would give his life for me as I would him. I journey from one big adventure to the next in high-tech, tactical land and water vehicles. And to top all that, every time I do a real good job, my human throws me my chew toy and plays with me.” I will reincarnate as a Belgian Malinois, Navy Seal dog. Sweet! Good guys will address me as Sir Crash. My reputation will precede me as the ultimate bad guy party crasher. Jesus might consider utilizing me as His personal guard dog, considering that Heaven is real. The best of both worlds: Live in Heaven with my spiritual pals and become canine protector to the Man Himself. Lucifer is sneaky. The 225 million scent receptors in my nostrils will detect Ole Serpent Butt before he rings the bell at the Gate. I suppose a requisition or some paperwork of sorts exists to be filed at the pearly gates for a change of form and function from human/angel to dog. One would think that red tape and bureaucracy would not be necessary Upstairs. But it will be worth the trouble. The inscription sculpted in gold letters across my doggie throne would read, “Sir Crash, Kingdom Keeper.” I wonder if my sovereign seat will be to the right of God or to the right of Jesus who is to the right of God? That’s two rights. Two rights make a left, right? Wow, did I just become a democrat? This is getting complicated. All I wanted to do, was reincarnate as Sir Crash. Father to four and best friend to Becky Jane for 28 years, Shane Newbold lives life to the fullest fishing and enjoying his family.

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The Validity Series

Introducing: Streams That Make Glad Own Now The Collection of Articles by Charles E. Newbold Jr.

All the writings of contributing writer, Charles Newbold Jr., collected in one edition. The pastoral articles were published in Validity Magazine between October 2011 and February 2015.

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Validity Magazine December 2015  
Validity Magazine December 2015