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From The Publisher

Summertime Oh, to live in the splendor of nature and drink in every drop of summer’s pleasure year round. It’s little wonder life slows in Tennessee when June rolls around. Savoring sweet sunrises, enduring

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steamy afternoons and relaxing in the gentle caresses of starlit nights, we seem to forget all else. Summertime, we move our lives outdoors, gather around the grill, inhabit our backyards, parks, fields

and streams, embrace these places as home. Yes, summertime can be a dream. Take Validity with you this season, and enjoy life outdoors!

Becky Jane Newbold, Publisher

Reality Perspective

Tail Chasing By Shane Newbold

A four-legged Russell named Jack, Chasing his tail an exceptional knack. Peculiar oddity difficult to explain, Onlookers deem the behavior insane. Jack knows not why he runs circles, Hell-bent to bite his derriere. Observing his maniacal progeny, Jack presumes it DNA of a terrier. And to Jack chasing tail no less absurd, Than the lunacy of the befallen human herd. Chasing the beast into the turbulent gale, Far more ruinous than pup chasing pup’s tail.

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Table of Contents

Validity

Get Outside!

Paddle & pedal your way into fun! Page 14-18 By Cari M. Griffith, Sydney Phillips and Staff

Special Section Inside! How to get pedaling. Where to pedal along the Tennessee River. Tour de Wayne for novice and pro alike traverses a Civil War era highway. Plus! Paddling Tennessee Waterways. The best place for body and soul on a hot summer day. On the Cover: Find freedom in paddling the waterways. Photo, cover and above, Cari M. Griffith

Brentwood Library to Highlight Life & Carvings of Maury County Farmer By Melissa Wickline

He’s back. Validity gleans life lessons from Mr. Billy Roy Park, Part 2. Page 11

Page 11

Lawrence County: Appleton Community’s Historic Landmark By Nancy Brewer

Page 12

Built in 1896, the Big Red Store served generations of country folk. Page 12

The new FFA By DeeGee Lester

Future Farmers utilize soybeans differently than their farming predecessors. Page 19

Welcome to Lincoln County By Becky Jane Newbold

Slaw burgers, History, Harness Racing and Local Distilleries. Page 20 Page 20

June 2017 • Vol. 7, Issue 6 .

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June 2017


In Every Issue:

Table of Contents

Validity Recipes

June Gardens

By Cari Marye Griffith

By Cassandra Warner

Picnic palatability.

She is leaving the kitchen sink but taking the garden.

Page 8

Page 25

June Book Review

Ask A Lawyer

By James Lund

Orphan Island by Laurel Snyder. Page 22

By Landis Turner

“I’m the guy accused of killing a man.”

N ow C losed suNdays , opeN 6 days

Page 28

Ornithology Report

The Believer’s Walk

By Bill Pulliam

By Charles Newbold

50 common birds, part 10.

Love wins.

Page 23

Page 29

Also in this Issue:

From The Publisher, Page 5 Reality Perspective, Page 5 Lookin’ Back, Page 29 Unconscionable Cogitation, Page 30

Publisher Becky Jane Newbold, info@validitymag.com, 931-628-6039 Managing Editor Shane Newbold, info@ValidityMag.com, 931-628-6039 Contributing Writers, Bill Pulliam, Cari Marye Griffith, Cassandra Warner, Charles Newbold Jr., DeeGee Lester, James Lund, Landis Turner, Melissa Wickline, Nancy Brewer, Sydney Phillips Contributing Photographers, Bobby Hicks, Cari Marye Griffith, Cassandra Warner, Melissa Wickline, Tom Hill, Sedona Brewer

Celebrating 40 Years!

Our Mission Validity Magazine exists to reflect rural lifestyles of rural communities along the Natchez Trace Parkway in both storytelling and photo journalism. This local publication is designed to promote positive life experiences by delivering authentic, relevant content on healthy living, nature, outdoors, technology, gardening, entertainment and travel to the people who enjoy the small town experience.

Validity Magazine is published monthly in Hohenwald, Tennessee. Validity Magazine reserves the right to edit editorial and advertising submissions for appropriateness of the publication. Reproduction of any part of Validity Magazine without permission of the publisher is prohibited. Distribution of this magazine does not constitute an endorsement of information, products or services. Views expressed in Validity Magazine do not necessarily represent those of the publisher. Every effort has been made to insure accuracy of the publication contents. However, we do not guarantee the accuracy of all information nor the absence of errors and omissions. Publishers Notice: All real estate advertised herein is subject to the Federal Fair Housing Act, which makes it illegal to advertise “any preference, limitation, or discrimination because of race, color, religion, sex, handicap, familial status, or national origin, or intention to make any such preference, limitation, or discrimination.” We will not knowingly accept any advertising for real estate which is in violation of the law. All persons are hereby informed that all dwellings advertised are available on an equal opportunity basis.

Validity Magazine, Published 12 times per year, monthly, Vol. 7, Issue 6 POSTMASTER: Send address changes to Validity Magazine, P. O. Box 516, Hohenwald, TN 38462-0516. Address Service Requested. Subscriptions are available on an annual basis at $20 per year. Mail check or money order to: Validity Subscriptions, P.O. Box 516, Hohenwald, Tennessee 38462.

Quality From Our Kitchen Since 1977  Historic Town Square Waynesboro, Tennessee Validitymag.com

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c i n c i P

Cari Marye Griffith

P ac k

A

Validity Recipes

Roasted Corn and Black Bean Salad is perfectly suited for a scrumptious picnic side.

Recipes, Photos & Food Styling by Cari M. Griffith

Cari Marye Griffith

S Both Cheesy Tomato and Basil Pie and Corn and Black Bean Salad make outdoor meals a treat.

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chool is out, summer is here and adventures have begun. We love a good picnic and are always on the hunt for recipes that are both refreshing and portable. Iced Chamomile and Lavender Tea is light, sweet and floral, and kind of tastes like your grandmother’s flower garden in a cup. Perfect for an afternoon cool down, or an evening by the pool. Cheesy Tomato and Basil Pie and Roasted Corn and Black Bean Salad are easy to throw together and make use of the abundance of fresh summer tomatoes. The Black Bean Salad is ready in 30 minutes and can be served alone, with corn

chips or even as a topping for tacos or enchiladas. Tomato Pie is an old southern classic, and there are a million different ways to make it. Some recipes also include bacon, parmesan, goat cheese or white cheddar. My recipe is tart, sweet and indulgent. You can use whatever crust you like, whether it’s an old family recipe for homemade pie crust, or a gluten free store bought crust like I use. No one will judge you for using a store bought crust, I promise. Sometimes you just want cheesy homemade goodness on your table, and this recipe will do the trick.

Cari Marye Griffith is a photojournalist turned urban gardener with a deep love for good food, culture and community. Her comfort zone is a cup of Earl Gray, bright morning light and far too many house plants.


Roasted Corn and Black Bean Salad

½ teaspoon cumin ½ teaspoon salt ½ teaspoon pepper *2 Avocados (optional)

Ingredients: 1 can of black beans 1 can of chick peas 2 cups of frozen white shoepeg corn 2 Tablespoons oil 1 bunch of green onions, thinly diced Zest of one lime Juice of one lime A handful of cilantro, finely diced 5-6 mini sweet peppers or 2 bell peppers, diced 2 tomatoes, diced

Cari Marye Griffith

Instructions: 1. Preheat oven to 350. 2. Place frozen corn on a baking sheet, drizzle with oil and a sprinkle of salt and pepper. 3. Roast in the oven for around 15 minutes or until corn is soft and just starting to crisp on the outer edges. If you roast it too long the corn will get tough.

4. Combine remaining ingredients in a large bowl and stir well to incorporate. 5. Serve with corn chips! *If you’re taking this salad on a picnic or if you won’t be eating it right away, you can bring along two avocados and cut them once you’re ready to eat to prevent the avocados from browning. This also helps the salsa last longer in the fridge.

Iced Chamomile and Lavender Tea Cari Marye Griffith

Ingredients: 8 bags of chamomile tea 5 cups of boiling water 2 Tablespoons dried lavender ½ cup honey or sugar (optional)

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Cari Marye Griffith

Cari Marye Griffith

Cari Marye Griffith

Cari Marye Griffith

Instructions: Boil water and pour over tea in a heatproof pitcher or tea kettle. Let steep for 5-10 minutes (or longer if you like your tea strong!). Once steeped, if adding sugar or honey, mix until sweetener is dissolved. Serve over ice and enjoy!


Validity Recipes

Cheesy Tomato and Basil Pie

Cari Marye Griffith

Ingredients: 2 pie crusts (store-bought or homemade) 1 ½ cups ricotta cheese 1 cup mayo (I used an egglessmayo made from canola oil) 1 cup sharp cheddar 1 cup mozzarella ½ medium, sweet, yellow onion, diced 2 Tablespoons of oil ¼ cup diced, fresh basil leaves ½ teaspoon salt ½ teaspoon freshly ground black pepper ½ teaspoon dried parsley Around 1-2 pounds assorted colorful tomatoes, sliced 1 egg Fresh basil and thyme to garnish

Cheesy Tomato and Basil Pie

Instructions: 1. Preheat oven to 400. 2. Heat oil in a skillet over medium heat and add onion. Sauté until onions are starting to brown a little on the edges. Drain excess oil and set aside to cool. 3. In a large bowl, combine ricotta, mayo, cheddar, mozzarella, basil

leaves, salt, pepper and parsley. Mix until well blended. 4. Stir cooled onions into the cheese mixture and add to the pie shells. 5. Arrange tomatoes on top of pies, layering them so that very little of the filling is showing. 6. Sprinkle with salt and pepper. 7. Whisk egg in bowl and coat the crust edges with the egg wash.

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8. Bake for 45 minutes to an hour, being careful not to burn the edges of the crust. If crust is starting to brown, cover the edges with foil. 9. Garnish with fresh basil and thyme and let cool for 10 minutes before serving. Recipe, photos and food styling by Cari Marye Griffith


A

pril marked a year since I met master woodcarver and legendary farmer, Billy Roy Park. That chance meeting at his mailbox has led to a swashbuckling good time of laughs, cultivating adventures and a whole lot of wood shavings.     Sometimes, the most clear-cut paths and the most intentional of directions lead nowhere.     But, a stop at a mailbox to tell a gentleman how much I admire his home inexplicably changed my life forever. Visiting with Mr. Billy is a treat in tradition, and I haven’t missed a week since the day we met.  He has changed my perspective and unconsciously reminded me of life before modern communication - life before we By Melissa Wickline forgot the art of sittin’ a spell. I grew up in a small Mississippi town, right as the digital revolution was pounding the last breath out of the good ole’ days.  Pagers came along while in college, followed by cell phones and the World Wide Web.  Communication technology changed the way we interact with one another, and it changed the way we relate.   Perhaps the greatest gift about visiting with Mr. Billy is that he has no use for a smart phone.  His most complicated gadget is a rain gauge.  And Mr. Billy and I are adequately sociable without the help of social media.  Our communication involves two recliners, a couple of carving knives and some wood blanks.  That’s what people did before we digitized human interaction - we worked with our hands, and we talked.  

Melissa Wickline

Unplugged Connection

As a child, I had the fortune of sitting with the elder ladies as they quilted and cooked, and the elder men as they gathered around the wood fireplace and told stories at the old country store. I also had the task of shucking a truckload of corn or shelling a bushel of beans all day.  If you were fortunate enough to have a shucking or shelling partner, well, you worked with your hands and you talked.   Simon Jenkins, columnist with The Guardian cites, “The sociologist, Richard Sennett pointed out in his study of craftsmanship that we are programmed to do things with our hands, ‘to do things well for their own sake,’ even if a computer could do them for us.”   And although a computer can’t carve a love spoon or plant a sunflower, Sennett’s point is well taken.  Human beings long for meaningful experiences.  I can’t recall one exchange with my laptop that’s as meaningful as creating something with my hands.   Mr. Billy exemplifies this concept, and for me, he is as pleasant an escape from the digital world as I know.  If anyone’s disrup- Wood carvings by Billy Roy Park will be on display at the tive at Mr. Billy’s house, that would be me, Brentwood Library, 8109 Concord Road, Brentwood, TN snapping and videoing Mr. Billy’s life.  He during the month of July. Also included will be photosays he’s gotten used to me and my gadgets by graphs of Park, farm life and a 1950s grainery, the first in the region. now.  But if it were not for “posterity’s sake,” I would never let gadgets enter his house. Here’s what I know today that I didn’t know before I met the great Billy Roy Park:   I can plant a sweet potato patch that will feed the masses, I can carve my own spoon, I now know the names of so many species of trees I could work for the park service, I know it’s possible to live a full and simple life without regrets or enemies and I completely understand that friendship doesn’t fit into a conventional form. Perhaps respect and courtesy are the keys to a lasting friendship.  I refer to him as Mr. Billy and he calls me Mrs. Melissa.  In a world of fastpaced people who often plug in to their electronic devices to tune out those around them, Mr. Billy and I exercise civility amongst the wood carvings, sunflowers and sweet potatoes.  There is never a cross word or judgement in our time spent together.  We are always simply nice, respectful and engaged in one another’s lives.  So simple.  Mr. Billy and I will partner to showcase his woodwork at The Brentwood Library in Brentwood, Tennessee, for the entire month of July.  What you will find if you visit the exhibit will be numerous carvings of love spoons, animals, Billy carving in his recliner. relief carvings, caricatures and much more.   We will also display photographs of Mr. Billy’s life as one of Maury County’s most suc- Melissa Wickline is a lover of historic places cessful farmers.  Along with his brother, Edwin, and funny, interesting people. She enjoys exand his father, F. A. Park, the men ran F. A. ploring and restoring old homes, art and disPark & Sons farm for decades and erected the covering new places, cultures and food. You region’s first grainery, equipped with two eleva- can email her at melissa@melissawickline.com. tors, which was quite a feat in the fifties.  

Melissa Wickline

Visit with Mr. Billy Roy Park, Part 2

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Sedona Brewer

Big Red Store now deals in memories

The original soda fountain was sold, but this one, originally located in an Iron City store, is a match for the original, owners say. Sedona Brewer photo

A

ence-Pulaski Highway, landand before newer roads mark of took its place, its Big a counRed Store filled patrons’ try store needs from the cradle to in southern Lawthe grave. It had other, rence County, now more official titles over open just two to the years, but no owner’s three times a year as an enormous By Nancy name could overcome the facts of its size and color. time capsule of its Brewer Three stories tall and as bright heyday, is opening for one of as a cardinal, it was once those occasions July 4. known as the largest country The community of Applestore in the nation. ton is located on the Old Flor.

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Bob and Linda Boyd were both nine years old in 1955, when the store was shuttered approximately 60 years after it opened. They remember how busy the community was, and wagons filled with cotton lining the road in front of the store on the way to Appleton’s gin. Mr. Butler, owner of the store and the gin, watched the progression from his perch on the second floor, which wraps

around the interior walls of the store like a balcony. “There was a runner who would come tell Mr. Butler how much cotton each person weighed in,” said Bob. “By the time that farmer walked over to the store, Mr. Butler would have his check ready.” Bob also recalls being put in charge of his family’s cotton harvest in that line while his dad played peaknuckle with other men at the store. As a married couple, the Boyds moved into the turn-of-the-century house next door to the store and had a front row seat for the slow deterioration that grieved the community. One owner painted the store silver! - but did little else. When they heard someone else planned to buy it, dismantle and rebuild it - in Lawrenceburg! - they knew they had to act. Although they had only recently moved to Appleton from Pennsylvania, Alvin and Jackie Fick agreed. They helped the Boyds buy the store and its two acres in 2006, land originally purchased in 1896 from a Confederate veteran. Metal siding on the front was bent and dangling; the roof leaked; and every window (behind metal bars forged by that same veteran) was missing. Alvin, a contractor, had the skills to restore what the years had taken away. Despite its problems, much of the store had been built of chestnut and, amazingly, survived. Flooring had to be replaced at the entrance, because rainwater had flowed in from the porch (and is the reason for an awning that

Courtesy photo

Sedona Brewer

When the Butler family owned the store, they paid employees and bought goods from neighbors with coins they minted themselves. The money could only be spent, of course, in the Big Red Store.

An early, undated photo of the Big Red Store.


Bulk foods were stored on the second floor of the Big Red Store. Customers’ orders were filled, then sent downstairs on this conveyor belt.

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Ficks have established an exhibit that brings the store back to life. A soda fountain is not the original, but is true to the style that served Big Red Store patrons. A conveyor belt between the first and second floor was used to take individual orders downstairs after they were measured from bulk supplies, Linda said. Today it’s used to display a child-sized coffin that is leftover store stock, built onsite. Fabrics and other sewing supplies were located at the back of the first floor, and a visiting milliner and tailor came twice a year to serve patrons’ needs. Upstairs, a pharmacist plied his trade, and a physician came regularly to see patients in a small, corner office. The pharmacist lived at the store - his elaborate, twin-sized bed is on display - and served as doctor when the official one was out. “People would come here at night, sick, and wake up the pharmacist,” Linda said. “He would talk to them through the window, then lower medicine to them with a rope. They would come back the next day and pay him.” Carbide (gas) lighting illuminated the store, and the lines that delivered it to the fixtures are still in place. Kerosene was sold there, and the inscription “1898” found on the remains of an outside tank is the only clue to the building’s actual age. Linda remembers that a raw potato was used as the stopper on the end of the pipe that brought the fuel to its indoor distribution point. July 4 and the first Saturday in December are typically the only days the store is open. The Fourth was a traditional celebration in Appleton, complete with baseball games in a pasture turned into “cowpile stadium” for the day. Guests today can enjoy live music in- and outside the store, along with beef, chicken or goat stew, hamburgers and hot dogs. Vendors set up their wares on the store’s antique display tables, offering handmade items and baked goodies. The Boyds and Ficks also love to decorate the store for Christmas, and share it with visitors. Often a Civil War reenactment is done in conjunction with the July and/or December events, but this year, a Civil War reenactment at Sugar Creek is scheduled for August 11, and the store will be open then as well. For a preview before your visit, go to YouTube.com for video of the 2010 Tennessee Crossroads feature on the Big Red Store. Its address, for GPS driving directions, is 436 Appleton Road, Five Points, TN. Admission to the Big Red Store is free. Nancy Brewer is a native of Lawrence County who worked for many years as an editor and writer at

A crowd always turns out for July 4 at the Big Red Store. The day features barbecue, chicken and goat stew, crafts and baked goods, and musicians performing indoors and out.

Tom Hill

the Advocate newspaper. She is currently an assistant to County Executive T.R. Williams.

New metal covers the front of the Big Red Store, but much of the brick-patterned siding that current owners remember from the early 1950s remains on its back and sides.

Tom Hill

Sedona Brewer

the original store did not have) and beneath a leaking skylight at the center of its flat roof. That was the spot, says Linda Boyd, where a pot-bellied stove and a “whittlers’ bench” stood. Alvin installed a peaked roof and new metal covering on the front. The brick-patterned siding on the rest of the building was no longer produced, but it all matched with a fresh coat of red paint. Inside, the grime of 50 years covered everything. Clean-up began without the convenience of running water, Linda said, and countless buckets full were carried over from the Boyds’. Their labor was rewarded with discoveries from the store’s past and gifts from those who also loved it. Neighbors brought items their parents and grandparents had bought there, and some donated things they’d purchased in a 1996 auction of store fixtures. Receipt books and other treasures were found in the building’s third floor, where members of Masonic Lodge #350, Appleton, Tennessee, held their meetings. With original store memorabilia and other collectables from those years, the Boyds and

Pickers and dancers enjoy one another’s company when the Big Red Store opens its doors.

Mon-Sat, 9-5, Closed Sunday

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Biking the Backroad

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trating as as they only specialized in commuter bikes. My bike is a road bike, so they couldn’t help like they wanted to. Then, meetingt Thomas Field in 2015, the need for a bike shop decreased significantly. Thomas is a native Nashvillian, who has been cycling his whole By Sydney life. He graduated with a BachPhillips elor’s Degree in Exercise Science and Human Performance from MTSU. Thomas began competitively riding in 1993, reaching expert elite level for mountain biking, though he trained primarily on the road. He started coaching and training professional cyclists in 2006, and was training himself at world tour level all over the United States and Europe. He was a trainer for BMC, Garmin and TIBCO Racing, but got his start with Jittery Joe’s. After he stopped officially training in 2010, he transitioned to a career in healthcare in Franklin, Tennessee. I’ve asked Thomas to help me with this article, because he has 20 years of cycling experience, not only all over the world, but locally as well.

In honor of summer and kids of all ages, we are dedicating this section of Validity to bicycling! Contributing writer, Sydney Phillips, tells about her adventures biking on the west coast and how she transitioned to the Nashville area. Next, we share one of the newest routes, the Tennessee River Trail along the scenic Tennessee River. This month, check out a Bike Rodeo for kids and, on the same day, an adventure along an antebellum highway, the Tour de Wayne.

Cari M. Griffith

E

very time I talk about biking in the Northwest, the response is along the lines of the following: “I wish I could do that!” or “I want a bike but don’t even know where to start!” Disclaimer: I am no expert but an endurance athlete in general. So biking was something to try for cross training purposes. Mostly, commuting back and forth to work on occasion, or tearing up the paved trails when something was on my mind. My home shop in Washington was Gregg’s Cycle. They helped out with all biking needs, until the end when a sturdy bike rack was needed for the journey across country in my little Jetta. Back in Tennessee, waltzing into a local bike shop randomly, proved a little frus-

Bike Type First, one must decide what kind of bike they’d like to ride. Determining the type of bike can often be decided by where and how you’d like to ride. Road bikes - This type of bike features a drop handlebar, ideal for the multiple hand position for the recreational cyclist. Designed for long distance riding, 20 miles or more, the tires are narrower width to increase capacity for speed and handling. While the road bike is ideal for riding long, fast distance, it can be used for recreational group riding as well, if desired. Mountain bikes - This bike features a 29” or 27” wheel. A mountain bike has lower gearing, designed to ride off road on trails. It can be ridden on road if desired, but is a bit more bulky than the light frame of the road bike. One should consider utilizing a more

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Bike Gear I asked Thomas to name the most important accessories and offerings for a fun, safe ride. Your local bike shop will feature all of these items, except for identification, obviously. Fit - First and foremost make sure the bike fits you. All qualified shops will start by ensuring they are setting you up with the right size frame. Helmet - You will fall at some point, and preventing an injury to the head is crucial. Gloves - Biking gloves will increase your grip on rainy or sweaty rides. Water bottle &bottle cage - Stay hydrated! Flat tire/tire repair kit - Purchase one of these to go out on your ride. You never know what will happen, and any associate at a bike shop will be able to show you how to use it. Identification - Always slip your ID in your pocket, just in case. Shoes - clip in or standard tennis shoes - Shoes that clip into the bike allow the rider to increase speed and efficiency, especially over hills. The

Bike Shop Finding a local bike shop is essential to your progression in the sport and general safety. Each shop will give you expert advice and assistance, and most importantly for beginners, a good fit. The first trip to the bike store after purchasing (or simultaneous to purchasing) needs to be to get the bike fitted to your height and build. Gran Fondo (5133 Harding Pike / Nashville, TN 37205) - Gran Fondo specializes in road biking. They also provide financing for a bike, excellent service and a connected community. Trail & Fitness (5133 Harding Pike, Suite B1 / Nashville, TN 37205) - Trail & Fitness provides insight and sells all types of bikes, but they are geared more toward the mountain/hybrid bike. They also feature a weekly night ride on Thursdays at 6 p.m. at Percy Warner mountain bike trail.

Bike Tennessee Where to ride? Here are some great, local trails and routes with beautiful scenery. Percy Warner offers beautiful scenery for road riding and an excellent system of mountain bike trails with the trailhead adjacent to the golf course near the parks main entrance. Natchez Trace Parkway - The historic Natchez Trace offers 444 miles of riding, if desired. The long winding roads and beautiful scenery are ideal for the road biker. There are also plenty of places to park and jump on and off The Trace, which makes it easy to do as much or as little as desired. Chickasaw Trace - This mountain bike park is located in Columbia, Tennessee, and covers over 300 acres. The Columbia Cycling Club worked closely with the Maury County Parks and Recreation to create the park 25 years ago, and it has been a destination for local mountain bikers and hikers ever

since. The trail is a total of 8.5 miles, with exit points along the way, so a biker can choose how much of it to ride. Bowie Park - This mountain bike park in Fairview features more relaxed off road riding, as well as other recreational activities such as fishing, running and horseback riding. This park is over 700 acres, with 17 miles of trails available for use. When heading out to bike at Bowie Park, make sure to note that all trails are open to foot traffic, but not all are open to bikers. You can find the maps designating foot from bike on their website. Leiper’s Fork - The back roads around Leiper’s Fork are popular amongst local bikers for the scenery. You can also enter the Natchez Trace easily via Leiper’s Fork, making the route dynamic and beautiful. Harpeth Bike Club - This club is excellent for all levels, and especially excellent for someone starting out.

happy riding!

“The most important tip for riding a bike is to have fun.” ~ Thomas Field, former competitive cyclist

Cari M. Griffith

road friendly tire which is smoother, offering less rolling resistance. Hybrid - As this category implies, this is a road bike with gearing somewhere between a road and mountain bike (lower gearing). Hence, hybrid. It has the same size wheel diameter as a road bike, wider tires and a flat handlebar, rather than drop/curved handlebar of a racing style bike. In general, it is more relaxed and easier to ride than a road bike. It can be ridden on a paved path or road. Comfort bike - This is like a hybrid, but with smaller wheels and fatter tires. It is more stable, but has the same gears and utility as a hybrid.

Trace Bikes (8080B TN-100 / Nashville, TN 37221) - This is an excellent option for all types of bikes. Located very close to The Trace, it’s ideal for those wanting to swing in right before a long ride.

Cari M. Griffith

Thomas Field with the author.

technique requires a bit of practice before heading for the street. Most shops will help you with the function in how clipless pedals operate.

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Gratitude to Greer Broemel for his contributions. Greer is an economic & community development administrator with the Greater Nashville Regional Council.

Routes for Every RideR

ElkhornRoad

The Tennessee River Trails Association announced a series of bike trails throughout the nine county area surrounding the Tennessee River. Bike trails cater to beginners, families and experienced riders, as well. Some trails offer gravel riding and longer, hillier loops that span several counties. Wayne County is one of four pilot communities and will host a Bike Rodeo and Adventure Century ride. The Bike Rodeo for kids ages 2-12 is planned for Saturday, June 10, 2017 at 9 a.m. on the Waynesboro Square (weather permitting). Prizes, a bike decorating station, safety lessons and goodie bags will be offered to the first 75 participants. There are maps for community loops in every TRTA county and a region-wide route. “This added layer of opportunities for every member of the family to enjoy biking has been great for us,” Rena Purdy, Wayne County Chamber director said. “We are especially excited about the opportunity for gravel riding in the TN National Wildlife Refuge, said TRTA Chairman, Rick Joiner. There are four different units on the refuge, in four counties that offer flat gravel for a new kind of adventure.” The 14th Annual Tour de Wayne is not for the faint of heart as it traverses one of Tennessee’s largest counties, named for the Revolutionary War hero, General “Mad Anthony” Wayne. Riders will ramble through wooded hills with spring-fed creeks and lush valley along the Antelbellum Columbia-Clifton Turnpike, established prior to the Civil War. Routes of 35, 60, 75 or 100 miles can be chosen, and bicyclists may travel through portions of Lewis and Perry Counites while in view of the Buffalo and Tennesseee Rivers. This is a tour, not a race, and helmets are required. Lodging discounts and more info may be found at waynecountychamber.org.


around a corner of the winding road, you can catch a peek loping valleys and roll- of the green and blue ridges ing hills of Tennessee that stretch as far as you can are a gift to the South. see. We’re blessed in this I took my first canoeing trip part of the country to have down the Buffalo a few years beautiful cliffs and gentle rivago and I remember how others at our back door. The Buffalo River peacefully winds it’s erworldly it felt. To be able to way through farmlands and stop rowing and just let the small towns around Highway river current pull us wherever 13 South, which makes the it wanted us to go helped my drive to the river almost as mind slow down and urged peaceful as the water. Wild- me to be still for a moment. flowers dot the roadsides with The banks were lined with little pops of yellow, white and sun-drenched logs speckled purple. Every now and then, with turtles and low-hanging By Cari M. Griffith

S

branches with delicious smelling flowers. While we stopped to eat lunch, we explored a wide open wheat field that bordered the tree line. Even though you knew someone planted the wheat fairly recently, the expansive land seemed as though no one had stepped near for ages. The water was cool and clear and the current just bumpy enough at one point for me to accidentally get the canoe caught in a bush, but I made it out unscathed after some tricky maneuvering. That trip, I also lost my glasses in the river due to a very stubborn horsefly, which made for a blurry ride home. (My husband was driving, don’t worry.) You never know what you might see each trip, even if you take the same route each time. The river has a wild way of molding and shaping the land around it, and it continuously brings life to everything in its path. Our last trip, we decided to follow 108 East Main Street • Hohenwald, TN 38462 the slower current around the left side Tues. - Sat., 10 a.m. - 4 p.m., Sunday , 1 - 4 p.m. of an island and much to our sur931-796-1550 • www.LewisCountyMuseum.com prise, we came upon a herd of cattle

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18

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Cari Marye Griffith

munching away at reeds in the shallows. Honestly, it was more startling than comforting at first. But instead of stampeding away from us (or toward us), they hardly even noticed us. We just watched them gently move around and listened to their loud chomping and funny chatter. Seeing such large animals peacefully hanging out in the river is truly amazing. Experiences like these are a good reminder that this land is not our own. These untamed, green spaces are only shared with us, graciously, by the many animals and plants that call it home. The river revitalizes my life every time I take a step into the water. It’s good for your body in more ways than just exercise and a good dose of Vitamin D. It’s a healthy escape from a plugged in world and a beautiful way to connect with the land around us. Perry County and the surrounding areas have plenty of canoe rentals and campgrounds for every budget and adventure level. Get outside, grab a friend and a canoe and go explore the Buffalo. You’ll be so glad you did. Cari Marye Griffith

Cari Marye Griffith

Cari Marye Griffith

Cari Marye Griffith

Floating the Buffalo

Find More

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Rachel Rhea

awaiting her. In Ninth Grade Academy, she and other classmates attended Career Fair and explored academypathway options for the next three years. A former FFA president, and member of Whites Creek’s Academy of Alternative Energy, Sustainability & Logistics, explained the challenges and excitement of this one-of-a-kind academic pathway in Metro Schools and, as far as we know, in the United States. She found and embraced her new path through the academy’s rigorous academic program, access to Academy partners including the Army Corp of Engineers and Waste Management, and an internship with Metro Water Treatment, as well as through her participation and rapid rise to leadership positions. Now, finishing her sophomore year, she has already served as FFA president, 4-H camp counselor and the prestigious position of Academy Student Ambassador. “Rachel does an excellent job as Academy Ambassador,” says Academy Coach Garry Gibson. “We have people from all over the world to visit our program. She has given tours to people from Hawaii, New York, Pennsylvania and other states. She recently gave a guided tour to 32 educational administrators from China.” “Dr Gibson tells everyone about my first speech as I stood before a panel of judges,” Rachel laughs. “I actually stopped mid-presentation and started crying. But I’ve worked on overcoming my fear of public speaking through practice, practice, practice, and by gaining confidence in knowing what I’m talking about.” In March, she won the state competition with a presentation on bio-diesel emissions before judges. Completing her sophomore year, her greatest experience has been as part of the Whites Creek FFA Alternative Energy Program that won the first-ever Ford Community Challenge Grant of $10,000. Students from across the U.S. apply online with a written proposal and a video presentation of their project. “The study of alternative fuels spreads into agriculture,” she explained. “We experiment and make alternative fuels here at the school. We have a green house on campus and an eight acre community garden with four acres of soy beans, that we use to make fuel. In our video for the grant, we explained how we take things from out garden and make bio-diesel fuel. We won the inaugural $10,000 grant, and then came back to win a second $20,000 grant from the Ford Com-

F

ffA

or those who think organizations such as the Future Farmers of America have little relevance in today’s world, think again. Or better yet, watch the many news stories and advertisements focused on addressing the nutritional needs of rapidly increasing populations. Farms and water resources are decreasing. Farming costs are rising. There is the challenge of pesticide use versus organic farming, as well as the growing problem of “food deserts” (the lack of food access for low-income families). Increasingly, news reports discuss issues of By DeeGee “sustainability,” agricultural Lester trade, the negative impact of the disappearance of honey bees, China’s unique use of “Vertical Farms” to grow crops in urban settings, or the impact of fossil fuels and tapping into agricultural products to find new, reliable and economic fuel sources. When Rachel Rhea stepped onto the campus of Nashville’s Whites Creek High School in the fall of 2015 with every intention of following a pathway to a future career in nursing, she had no idea of the abrupt and rewarding turn

Courtesy photo

Not Your Father’s

munity Challenge Grant.” The grants allowed students to create their fuel and then take it on the road, demonstrating it to high school and college classes across several states as well as Canada. “We used our mobile laboratory to travel around with one group of six (juniors and seniors) going to Canada and stopping to present to classes at places like the University of Kentucky and Ohio State,” Rachel explains. “Our group (of six students) went to the University of Florida. We taught classes and had hands-on demonstrations for Ag classes and teachers.” Looking toward her next two years of high school and her goal to attend the University of Tennessee’s College of Agriculture, she credits all these experiences with providing her and her classmates with a range of 21st century skills including research, planning, team work, grant writing, presentation and public speaking, and the process of creating a viable product to address major issues. Along the way, she also learned the relevancy of organizations such as 4-H and the FFA, and the extent to which her chosen career path in agriculture and alternative energy can impact the world. DeeGee Lester serves as Director of Education at the Parthenon in Nashville and is the author of several books.

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Day Trip! Fayetteville & Lincoln County

S

end says it was born in the local pool halls and the simple treat now has an annual festival named in its honor. The Slawburger Festival, unique to Fayetteville, is held each April (mark your calendars now for next year and check slawburgerfestival.com for updates) and celebrates the tiny, but packed with flavor, delicacy. Live music, a Slaw Dog contest (the furry kind), carriage rides and the Slawburger Eating Contest are just part of the fun. Year round, check out Honey’s Restaurant, Bill’s Cafe or Ken’s Fast Food for a sample of the locally created pool room burger, topped with none other than, pool room slaw. Used as a fire station and jail from the 1860s until the 1970s, Cahoot’s serves cocktails, steaks and burgers and will even serve your meal in a jail cell. Two distilleries call Lincoln County home. Prichard’s Distillery found a home in the old Kelso School building and the small-batch, craft distillery is churning out a full line of

The Hugh Bright Douglas-Don Wyatt House on North Elk Avenue is a rare example in Tennessee of a Steamboat Gothic style home and is part of a self-guided walking tour of Fayetteville’s historic district showcasing private homes from the early to mid 1800s.

products. It all started when Phil Prichard’s wife walked in one day and discovered him with a strange set up that involved her canning pot. At first taste of

Becky J. Newbold

pending the day almost anywhere in south central Tennessee is a luxury those of us fortunate enough to live here might sometimes take for granted. During our recent visit to Lincoln County, we discovered some cool spots you will not want to miss. Starting in the heart of the county seat of Fayetteville, go for a stroll through the revitalized downtown area. Antique shops are everywhere! As well as fabulous places to eat. “We are the gated community without the gate,” Carolyn Denton, Executive Director of the Lincoln County Chamber of Commerce said. “You can live downtown and be within walking distance of a drug store, post office, restaurants, theatre and shopping.” On a self-guided walking tour, along Mulberry Avenue, Washington Street and Elk Avenue, see historic homes and architecture dating back to the early 1800s. Ever tried the famous slaw burger? Several joints serve the Lincoln County favorite. Leg-

Courtesy photo

By Becky Jane Newbold

Catch a glimpse of thousands of Rainbow Trout at the Historic Flintville Fish Hatchery.

.

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Becky J. Newbold

20

Courtesy photo

The historic Lincoln Theatre, left, in downtown Fayetteville.


Becky J. Newbold

Home of the Lincoln County Slawburger - Randy Rozar, third from left, owns and operates Ken’s Fast Foods, a slawburger destination his father-in-law, Ken Dorning, started in 1973. It is not usual for Randy and his crew to have lines out the door and down the street during the Fayetteville Slawburger Festival held each spring.

the rum he admitted to making, Connie’s reaction was, “Woo, that’s good,” he explained during our interview. Today, the former Kelso School’s library has been transformed as a visitor’s center, the gymnasium is a warehouse, the distillery now consumes the cafeteria space and a retail shop has been set up in the former principal’s office. “The building was perfect,” Prichard explained. Prichard’s is the fifth oldest craft distillery in the United States and when it opened, was the “third (legal) distillery in Tennessee in almost 50 years,” he added. Today, there are 1,329 distilleries in the U. S. and 32 in Tennessee. Just down the road, Southern Pride Distillery uses spring water to create 90 proof moonshine. A label for Nashville’s Tootsie’s Orchid Lounge (60 proof ) is part of the offerings as is a whiskey made by the Lincoln County Process, owner Randy Trentham said. An F3 tornado in April 2014 came the same afternoon the distillery’s site was approved, Trentham explained, as we overlooked cleared fields, a result of the storm. The 50 acre farm with a springfed lake is home to perhaps some of the happiest cows in the area as they dine on the mash. Other things you will not want to miss on a trip to Lincoln County include the Stone Bridge Memorial Park where a walking trail, picnic areas and live music in the park should entertain this summer. Within the park, see a miniature replica of the stone bridge that once spanned the Elk River, used by both armies during the War Between the States. Limestone rocks formed six elliptical arches of the original bridge, the replica has a three elliptical arches. A Civil War marker was installed this year commemorating the site. Falls Mill is an operating water-powered grain mill and museum in Belvidere, established in 1873. See the country store or check out the Log Cabin Bed &

Breakfast at this location listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Carriage Racing at the Lincoln County Fair can be traced to the antebellum period and celebrates the county’s agricultural heritage and its pride in harness racing. The fair is planned for September 9-16, 2017. See lincolncountyfairinfo.com for more details. Cruzin’ Downtown Fayetteville is scheduled for October 7, 2017 and is expected to feature over 200 cars, rat rods and trucks. In November, plan to visit the 24th Annual Host of Christmas Past as well as several other holiday themed events. So much to see and do in south central Tennessee. Grab a friend and go find some fun!

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Orphan Island By Laurel Snyder

Published by Walden Pond Press, an imprint of HarperCollins Publishers

D

o you read YA? I certainly do. I know that some readers are turned off by the “Young Adult” moniker given to this type of genre fiction, but it’s important to remember that many of the great books we all recognize can be considered YA. Some examples include, To Kill a Mockingbird, The Outsiders, Lord of the By James Lund Flies, and The Catcher in the Rye. We often have more adults purchasing books by Tolkien than young people, though it can be debated that his work is geared toward a younger audience. Great writing is just that, great writing, and if it’s worth reading at 14 and 17 years of age, it is certainly worth reading again, or maybe for the first time, at 50. If you are willing to give YA a shot, and I hope you are, I would like to suggest the exquisitely written Orphan Island, by Laurel Snyder. Deen stands on the shore waiting for the little boat that will bring the next child to the island. As the eldest, Deen will help the child out, then take the child’s place in the boat and disappear back into the fog, forever. That is the way it has always been. That is the way it will be now. There are nine children on the island. Each of them arrives being the youngest, with no memory of the past. And each time a new child arrives, the eldest leaves, and the eldest remaining child trains the youngest in the ways of the island. The children must work together, learning and growing, until it is their time to stand at the shore and catch the boat that will take them away. Part of the genius of Orphan Island is that it is allegorical in three distinct ways. First, it is a story about the transition from preadolescence to adolescence. Though we do not know the exact age of the children, given what we learn about the language skills of the newest child named Ess, and given that the children remember almost nothing of life

before the island, it would stand to reason that the children come to the island around the age of two or three years old. It is suggested that they stay for a significant period of time, possibly close to nine years, and by the time they leave, they are maturing and showing signs of losing the common traits and interests with the younger children. We find the second interpretation in the character of Jinny. She is the eldest of the remaining children on the island for the majority of the story. As Jinny’s time on the island draws closer to its conclusion, she clearly displays the anxieties of a parent who will have to let their soon to be adult children leave the home and go out in the world alone. Only this time, Jinny is the one who must leave home. The final interpretation that came through in the closing chapters reminded me of the Kubler-Ross model of the five stages of grief; the stages being denial, anger, bargaining, depression and acceptance, and how an adult may deal with their own impending transition to death. Jinny expresses all of these emotions as she wrestles with the consequences of her decisions. I’m quite sure adults reading this book would be the only ones to pick up on the last interpretation, so please do not get the impression that the subject matter of this book is too heavy for children. It is not. I hope this wonderful book is allowed to take its rightful place among the classic children’s stories we all know and love. The stories that teach our children to be better people, the stories that teach the benefits of treating others with respect and dignity and the stories that teach children that the only way we grow and humanity progresses, is to set fear aside and keep pushing forward into the great unknown that we call life. You can find copies of Orphan Island at Duck River Books, on the square in downtown Columbia, Tennessee, or at your favorite indie bookstore. Remember to support your local indie shops, restaurants and publications. We appreciate each one of you. James Lund, along with his wife Heather, own Duck River Books in downtown Columbia, Tennessee. A native of Nashville, James moved to Columbia several years ago to get away from crowds and promptly opened a business whose purpose is to attract crowds.


Ornithology Report

50 Common Birds Part 10

clearcuts. The Yellowthroat is a small thing with bright yellow underparts, greenish upperparts and a dashing black mask. Its tail is relatively short and often upturned. Yellowthroats are vocal and aggressive in spite of their small size. The male’s song is a loud rolling refrain often transcribed as “witchitywitchity-witchity-witchity!” Both sexes also make a variety of scolding calls when they are agitated, which is most of the time. Looking up from the ponds,

Wikipedia

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his final installment in my survey of 50 common birds is a grab bag of five diverse species, from large to small, from pond to field to forest. Starting at the pond, we find the Green Heron. The herons are a large group of long-legged, long-neck birds that are often seen around the By Bill Pulliam shores of ponds, lakes and rivers. People often call them “cranes,” but they are not all that closely related to the real cranes. When herons fly, they fold their necks up in a tight “S” shape, while cranes fly with long neck fully extended. Back in November I covered the largest of our local herons, the Great Blue heron. In contrast, the Green Heron is the smallest heron that is common around here. The Green Heron is about the size of a crow, and as herons go, it is relatively short-necked and shortlegged. It is a dark, dull, shiny green above, with some rust and white streaks down the front of its neck to its belly. Like all herons, its bill is long and pointed, rather like a dagger. From April through October, a Green Heron might be found on just about any body of water in this area, from the large lakes to a tiny creek or miniscule farm pond. It stalks the shores and perches on bushes and trees. When startled, it gives its distinctive loud croaking call, a sharp down inflected “Kyow!” Along the shores of the same pond, or in any patch of thick, grassy, weedy growth, you might come across the Common Yellowthroat. This is a small warbler, but it is different than the other warblers I have talked about earlier. The Yellowthroat is a skulking bird of thick growth, found in marshes and weedy, brambly old fields and

birds are noisy and aggressive. Their voce is a loud chattering that can become quite familiar in farm country in summer. They are famous for harassing and driving away birds much larger than themselves, such as crows and even Red-tailed Hawks. Moving into the trees, you might come across one of the distinctive voices of summer woodlands in Tennessee, the Yellow-billed Cuckoo. The Cuckoos as a group are named for the call of the Common Cuckoo, which lives only in Europe and Asia and sounds very much like the clock. The Yellowbilled, our most common Cuckoo here, does not sound like the bird in the clock. It has two frequent calls, one of which is a long, slow staccato series of “Coo, coo, coo, coo, coo, coo, coo” etc. But more often you will hear a strange, harsh, hollow, guttural cry that you may not

marshes and brambles towards the power lines and treetops, you will often see another of our conspicuous summer birds, the Eastern Kingbird. This is another flycatcher, the largest and most robust member of that group commonly found around here. The Kingbird is a snappy, slate gray above and whitish below, with a crisp white band at the tip of its tail. The Kingbird is sometimes confused with the phoebe (covered in December), but is has a much cleaner divide between white below and dark gray above, with the diagnostic white tail tip. Like most other flycatchers, King-

even realize is a bird. This is a gradually slowing stacatto “Kuk-kuk-kukkuk-kuk-kuk- kuk-kuowlp-kowlp” type of noise. It is sometimes used as a background sound in movies set in deep tropical jungles. Cuckoos can also be seen of course, but in the case of the Yellowbilled it is not always easy. It is a fairly large bird, with a sleek build and a long tail. It is warm, buffy brown above and and clean whitish below. The tail flashes conspicuous white spots along is edges when the bird flies. Its bill is long and downward curved, and, as the name suggests, is yellowish. This long bill is used to

capture the cuckoo’s favorite food, caterpillars. They are especially fond of webworms or tent caterpillars. Cuckoos are notorious for a disappearing trick. You will see the bird fly in, and spot exactly where it landed, yet you will somehow not be able to then find this rather large bird even as you look exactly at the location it must be. The bird simply freezes completely, and can be almost impossible to discern among the foliage. Sometimes it will even call, remaining invisible. Then it will fly away, from exactly the location you were staring at all along. Finally, we finish up our roster of 50 common birds with one of North America’s finest avian songsters, the Wood Thrush. A resident of the deep woods, its melodious song of rich trills and flute-like notes is often heard in the morning and evening during spring and summer. The individual phrases of the song are complex and varied, and separated by pauses of a few seconds. At times, especially at dusk, you will hear another call, a loud explosive series of resonant “pops” that in my youth I described as being like wet firecrackers. As with many forest dwellers, the bird itself can be hard to spot, but it is handsome in an earth-tone way. It is closely related to the Hermit Thrush I wrote about in February, which is only here in winter. It is shaped rather like a small robin, with a rich, red-brown upperparts and a white breast heavily marked with round black spots. It superficially resembles a Brown Thrasher (see December), but has a much shorter tail and bill. And with that, I complete my roster of 50 common birds. I hope y’all have found it interesting and informative. Remember there are hundreds of other bird species in Tennessee, and to really learn them, you should acquire and study one of the many good comprehensive bird field guide books! Bill Pulliam got started in birdwatching by his junior high science teacher in 1974, and has been an avid birder ever since in 48 U. S. states and 7 foreign countries. He is currently the Tennessee editor for eBird, a online project that compiles millions of observations from tens of thousands of birders around the world.

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T r a nsiti o n in J u n e G a r d e n

Water pours from the mouth of a privately owned cave in Lewis County, near Hohenwald, Tennessee.

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Cassandra Warner

...it’s a moving thing...

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June Garden

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tered daily for about a week to get them well established.

ous potted plants and other 4’ x 4’ planters. My garden is moving only about two miles and will still be on Cane Creek. So if you are driving down Cane Creek Road and you see what looks like lettuce, kale, onions or green beans traveling along the road and you are wondering what is that moving thing, it’s just my garden going to its new home. The new place is full of rocks, water and has a cave! I don’t think I will ever have to worry about having enough water. I’m sure you’ll be hearing some more tales about the rocks. Now, I can officially call Tom a cave man, too. I will also be doing some planting at the garden at Three Falls. During this time of transition and change in my life, the gardening can still go on! Maintenance

*Now that the foliage of daffodils has died, remove it, and if you like, you can divide and move some bulbs to a new spot. Every three

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years the daffodil clusters should be divided to keep them blooming well. *Divide spring flowering perennials such as aubrita, arabis and primrose. *Fertilize roses. *Don’t over fertilize tomatoes now or you’ll increase flower and fruit drop. *Place straw under tomatoes to keep soil off leaves and remove suckers from plants tied to stakes. *Hill soil around stems of leeks. *Apply mulch to conserve moisture and keep weeds down. *Remove all but 2 or 3 runners from new strawberry plants. *Thin orchard fruit to 1 fruit per 6-8 inches of branch to improve size and harvest. *Apply a thin layer of compost to fertilize vegetables. *Shake the shoots of tomato plants and if you see white flies, they will suck the sap from leaves of tomatoes causing leaf distortion and poor growth. Leaves will eventually turn yellow and drop. Use an insecticidal soap to limit damage. Be sure to treat the underside of leaves well. *Keep onions well weeded. They have shallow root systems and will starve if they have to compete with weeds for water and nutrients. *Many annuals and perennials need to be deadheaded to keep the blooms coming and keep the plants looking good. *After asparagus harvest is complete for the season, apply high nitrogen fertilizer such as manure or fish emulsions. *Keep any new transplants wa-

*Summer annuals. *Continue planting and sowing in areas of your garden that may be available after a spring crop has been harvested with a quick maturing vegetable or more of the same harvested crop for continuous growth. Beets, Chinese cabbage, melons, beans, squash, carrots, chard, dill, cilantro, endive, escarole, mesclun and turnips. *The end of June will be the last, best chance for good results to get in eggplant, tomatoes and peppers *If you failed to get those sweet potatoes in the last of May get them in ASAP. They need 100-110 days to reach maturity. *Near the end of the month, plant snow peas for a fall crop. If planting where an early season crop was grown, be sure to incorporate some compost or organic fertilizer in the soil. *Sun loving herbs: basil, marjoram, chives, oregano, thyme and sage. *Gladiola corms can still be planted for successive blooms. Harvest

*Carefully, by hand, harvest some new potatoes. Be sure to push the soil back into place so potatoes left can further develop. Pick squash when small and flavorful at 3-4 inches long. Harvesting while still small encourages the plants to keep producing. *Tomatoes may not be ripe yet, but fried green tomatoes sound good about now. *Harvest early cabbage by cutting the head, but leave the plant and large outer leaves intact. Little

Cassandra Warner

Cassandra Warner

Planting

Cassandra Warner

iming the transition from one season to another, is a moving thing! It can also be emotionally moving. You can be moved by the beauty, the serenity and peace of being in nature, and by in tune with nature. Or moved by the joy and happiness you feel as you are accomplishing your garden dreams, to provide healthy nutritious food for you and your family. Of course, By Cassandra Warner the garden, as well as life in general, is always in some state of transition. It won’t be the same tomorrow as it is today; even from moment to moment. Look for and enjoy each stage of change and transition as it comes along. So many things that we planted in the garden last month as tiny seeds and seedlings have now become beautiful plants that we are enjoying and beginning to harvest. Other plants are just beginning to bloom, will soon set fruit and then grow and transition into delectable edibles. My garden, this month, definitely has been in transition. Since we knew we would be moving in May and June, my husband, Tom, built me some movable garden planters that are 3’ x 10’ that stand up about 4’. He can pick them up with the forks on his tractor and move them. He also has a big basket that fits on the tractor with which he has been moving all of my many and vari-


Cassandra Warner

the promise of the earlier months, and with as yet no sign to remind one that its fresh, young beauty will ever fade.” — Gertrude Jekyll

heads of cabbage will develop at the base of the leaves later this summer and fall. *Pick bush beans before the pods bulge. If your plants are producing more beans than you can eat, try picking some of the flowers and tossing them in a salad. If you are late picking and your beans begin to bulge you can leave them on the plant and harvest as dry beans. *Harvest English peas when pods are plump and firm. Pick as close to cooking time as possible, since they lose their sweet flavor quickly. Try jazzing up your peas by adding a few sprigs of mint when cooking. *Cut large central heads of broccoli plants while heads are still firm and tight. Leave plants intact after harvesting of central head and the plant will continue to produce small but tasty side shoots through the summer. *Harvest your herbs early in

the morning when the weather is dry. Harvest even if you cannot use the fresh herbs. Regular harvesting keeps herbs from flowering and keeps them productive. Dry what you cannot use or share. Do you Dream in Color?

Well, in my garden I certainly do: All different eye popping, bright and bold to delicate pastels and white. Flowers of all types and colors are such a delight. Flowers can have special meanings and be a part of a family tradition. After all, what mother, grandmother, daughter, sister, aunt or friend is not touched by the thought and sentiment which they portray. Tom has given my mom and me gorgeous Rhododendrons for Mother’s Day, which we have cherished for years, and rose bushes for birthdays, so we can have many, many roses to smell. Love, flowers, special times and special people all make a special life!

“Joy is sometimes hard to find. It hides away and life can blind, but if you pause perhaps you’ll see, the nature dance that lives in ye.” — Author Unknown

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Cassandra Warner

Cassandra Warner

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27 .


One Lawyer’s Opinion

Murder cases Q. A lawyer in Nashville told me that she thought you have tried about 20 murder cases. Will you write about them? Most of us are so captivated by that sort of thing. A. Okay. I’ll start out by saying that most murder cases involve family members or friends rather than strangers and certainly not By Landis hit men. Also, Turner my experience shows the dangers of drug use and excessive use of alcohol. Three of my death cases were directly caused by people who did not control themselves. Let me add that although I still have my license to practice law, I am more than 90 percent retired. I do a few things but nothing hard. And trying murder cases is the hardest work of all for a criminal defense lawyer. (Please don’t call us “criminal lawyers.”) I’ll never try murder case number 21. Many years ago, a man from Wayne County came to see me. I remember it like it was yesterday. It was on a Friday. He was one of the most unkempt people ever to grace my office. His overalls were torn and dirty. His hair was greasy looking and appeared as if it hadn’t been washed for several weeks. I’ll call him “Jim Crow.” “I guess you’ve heard about me. I’m the guy accused of killing a man.” I said, “No, I don’t get my Wayne County News until tomorrow.” At that time, I subscribed to all the papers in surrounding counties. It seemed that he had shot to death a river boat captain who was causing some kind of trouble at Crow’s nightclub. The guy surely didn’t look like someone who owned a nightclub. I began to think this guy may not be for real. I asked why he came to me. He told me that his cell mate told him I’d .

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tried several murder cases around here. Of course that was before he made bond and got released. Most of the time people accused of murder are denied bail, but in this case, the general sessions judge over there had a cousin who was a bondsman and they wanted him to get the business. Usually the bond costs 10 percent of the amount of the bond plus $25. Don’t ask why the $25. I don’t know. Anyway, in this case, the bond had been set at $100,000. Crow didn’t look like anyone who could raise $100, much less $10,000. I was really wondering now. Could this whole thing be someone’s idea of playing a practical joke on me? “Mr. Crow, trying a murder case is the most stressful thing a lawyer can undertake, especially if the state asks for capital punishment, which we don’t know yet. I would have to be paid at least $10,000 up front and maybe more later. And expenses would be extra, of course. I’ll need $500 on account for that, but I’ll give you a refund if we don’t use it all. I figured he would leave and not be seen here again. Much to my surprise, he reached in his pocket, pulled out a roll of $100 bills and said, “ Can I give you half today and bring the other half tomorrow?” Never assume someone’s means by their appearance. It turned out that this client was a Navy man who had retired and been discharged in Hawaii. There’s not much to spend on a ship and he had some family money, so he was in good shape for cash. A buddy told him that there was a small skiing resort in Clifton, Tennessee where a lot of college students from North Alabama often came up. It might be a good place for the nightclub he planned to open. So he came here to check it out and it looked good. Crow bought a building which used to be a grocery store, remodeled the interior and went into business.

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On the first Saturday night the club was open, the river boat captain came in drunk, got into a argument with his waitress and pulled out a revolver. He started shooting up the place and scaring out the customers. Among other things he destroyed was an expensive party reflective ball turning around and hanging from the ceiling. My photographs of the damage to the interior of the club was good evidence later. Crow kept a pistol behind the bar. He pulled it out, but the drunkard wasn’t bothered at all. He advanced on Crow in a very threatening manner and Crow retreated out the back door. Still holding his gun, he hid behind a pile of dirt. The river boat man followed him out. As the captain approached the pile of dirt, Crow recognized that he could be seen by his pursuer. “I saw him see me.” I remember that sentence well. The captain pointed his gun at Crow, but Crow fired first and hit his target with deadly results. Crow was charged with murder, mainly because of pressure from the family of the deceased. In criminal cases, the local general sessions judge conducts a preliminary hearing to determine whether there is enough evidence to bind the defendant over to the grand jury. At that time, in small counties, such judges were not required to be lawyers. In Wayne County at that time, the judge was a used car salesman. He always did whatever the DA said. I questioned every witness to discover what they were going to say at trial. After a short time, the DA said we had heard enough to decide to send the case to the grand jury and the judge should terminate the hearing and enter the decision to send the case up. Of course, the judge did so and the proceeding was

f o o r P

ended. I had discovered enough at the preliminary hearing and my personal investigation to clearly show that the river boat captain was at fault and the shooting resulting in his death was self defense. Crow was exonerated and the case dismissed. About a month later the family of the deceased filed a civil case against the defendant seeking a million in damages. I advised my client not to pay them a dime but he settled for $3,000, the cost of the funeral. Crow left the county. The last time I heard from him, he was operating a fishing boat in Florida. This column discusses legal issues of general interest and does not give legal advice on any reader’s personal situation. The law is not a one-size-fits-all hat. Consult a lawyer of your choice. Landis Turner is a graduate of the University of the SouthSewanee and Vanderbilt University School of Law. He is a former president of the Tennessee Bar Association.

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Love Wins

s your love towards others a sham? Rabbi Shlomo Aviner is among the more prominent leaders of the religious Zionist movement in Israel. Israel Today, dated April 13, 2017, published his article titled, “Christians Who Love Israel: The World’s Largest By Charles E. Scam.” He is Newbold, Jr concerned about the increasing financial support for Israel by Christians and Christian organizations such as the one who sends volunteers from around the world to help Jewish farmers in the West Bank. Rabbi Aviner questions the motives of evangelicals. “Love and money softens the traditional Jewish resistance to Christianity and makes it a legitimate option for Jews,” he explains. He contends that evangelicals believe that “after nearly all the Jews are killed, the remnant will convert to Christianity and peace will come…this is why they shower us with love and money.” It is true that most of us who have experienced the joy and liberty of our new life in Christ want to share Him with everyone. Rabbi Aviner would be right, though, if our loving others, Jews or otherwise, has an ulterior motive. Such love is flawed. It is not the kind of love demonstrated in the New Testament. Many of us have a love for the Jews and Israel simply because God has put that love in our hearts—with no expectations. The New Testament God-kind of love is the Greek word agape. It has traditionally been defined as “unconditional love.” I think it expresses more than that. Based on the Greek meaning of agape and the context in which it has been used in the New Testament, I define it as follows: “Agape is the unconditional, sacrificial surrendering of one’s own life for what is in the best interest of another person, without expecting anything in return.”

Still, I questioned my own definition when I considered the unconditional, sacrificial death of Jesus who died for us on the cross. Did He not expect anything in return from us? Does He not expect us to turn to Him with a whole heart and be converted? If so, would not this ulterior motive render His love flawed? What if He died for us simply because He loved us so much and nothing more? We respond to Christ’s love, not out of manipulation, but simply because He first loved us. His love for us compels us to love Him, pure and simple. Now then, if we have His kind of love at work within us, does it not make sense that we would love others simply because—we love them? Do I love God without expecting anything in return? How shallow is that love if I only love Him to get something from Him? What can we say about our love for others­—neighbors, coworkers, husbands, wives, brothers, sisters, parents; and what can we say about our love for people whose religion, politics, skin color or ethnicity is different from ours? Should any of that keep us from loving them sacrificially and unconditionally? If our love for Israel is wrongly motivated, then Rabbi Aviner is right. It is a sham. If, however, our love for Israel is true agape—loving without expecting anything in return—then he is wrong. I want to prove him wrong. Our giving and doing good for others out of agape love does not give up when it appears not to be working. Love has no timetable. Nevertheless, the principle remains. Love begets love. Unconditional, sacrificial love often provokes a loving response. In which case, so be it! Love wins. Charles Elliott Newbold, Jr. has served as pastor, teacher and is an author calling forth Christians to live the laid-down life for Jesus Christ. He and his wife, Nancy McDonald Newbold, live in Knoxville, Tennessee, where Charles continues his writing. www.CharlesNewbold.com

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Unconscionable Cogitation

Cerebral Meandering from Yours Truly

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women is only as attractive as she thinks she is. Likewise, a man is only as attractive as she thinks he is.

By Shane Newbold eat for a day. Teach a man to fish and you’ll never get a The best day is with my good day’s work out of him toddler grandson, knowing again. he will nap at some point.

The unique difference between the donkey and the ass Partaking of the meal is is the attitude. Humans too. secondary with regard to the Look how far we’ve come acquisition thereof. since we were promised a In a simpler age, two plus chicken in every pot and a two equaled four. Let me car in every garage. Google it and see if it still is. A president’s success is Been in a fog my whole measured by how effectively life. Some things I recall eas- he cleans up the mess of the ily, some require effort and one who just left office, and some are gone forever, hal- how effectively the mess he leaves can be cleaned up by lelujah. his successor. Marvel of modern mediSupermodel-industry opucine keeps us alive longer, lence stems from the reality then we die. that people don’t want to see I sold my boat. Now what? what they are, but what they want to be. When all else fails... There’s There is a lot to be said nothing to write about. about taxes, unfortunately. Give a man a fish, he will

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When dumbly asked, “Do you like your mom or dad better?” I respond, “After all I put them through, I hope they both like me.” In a happy marriage, leaving some things unsaid is healthy, in an unhappy marriage, fatal. I believe in the Lord and His angels, thereby provoking a belief in Satan and his demons. Often, I think that I think odd thoughts. Thinking I should write the odd thoughts that I think, then reading them, odd thoughts that I thought were odd thoughts, cause me to think what I thought is not really what I think.

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Plan a trip to our beautiful Tennessee State Parks

David Crockett State Park tnstateparks.com/parks/about/david-crockett Henry Horton State Park tnstateparks.com/parks/about/henry-horton Mousetail Landing State Park tnstateparks.com/parks/about/mousetail-landing Old Stone Fort State Park tnstateparks.com/parks/about/old-stone-fort Tims Ford State Park tnstateparks.com/parks/about/tims-ford

Enjoy Free Wine Tastings & Tours

Check websites for upcoming events. Purchase wine or great items in gift shops at our South Central TN Wineries

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Tour a Distillery

Check websites for upcoming events. Purchase spirist or great items in gift shops at our South Central TN Distilleries

Discover scenic byways, local shops & restaurants, antebellum homes, outdoor adventures, festivals, wineries, distilleries and more!

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Validity June 2017  

Validity: South Central Tennessee's premier tourism and local read.

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