Page 1

Validit y The Art of P.E. Foster

Complimentary June 2015

Vol. 5, Issue 6

Table of Contents

Inside this issue of


New t his mont h:

Wish You Were Here By Robert Wakefield Why text when you can send a postcard? Page 10

Internet Security By Cody Crawford Believe it! Your online life is not private. Page 12

Old Jail Museum

Hankering for a historical yarn? Head down to Lawrenceburg. Page 14

June 2015

Vol. 5, Issue 6

Hohenwald Marketplace By Linda Fuller Small business incubator on Main Street.

Making A Statement

Page 16

Stage 64 Music Kickoff By Rena Purdy New music venue in Waynesboro kicks off with 4th of July fireworks.

By Becky Jane Newbold

Page 22

Pardon the cliché, but P. E. Foster truly is out of the box.

Iraq’s Pure Soul By Anthony Borden Ammar fled Iraq in his youth, but his belief in democracy and love for his country took him home. Page 24

Page 18 Art by P. E. Foster Above Drum Roll Cover, Squeezer

Find Validity in 11 Tennessee Counties!

In Every Issue: Validity Recipes

One Lawyer’s Opinion

Gardening Quotes

By Katie Taylor

By Landis Turner

By Cassandra Warner

Let Validity beef up your day.

Polygraph fallibility.

Justification for your gardening obsession.

Reality Perspective, Page 5

Page 28

Validity Roundup, Page 11

Page 26 Page 6

A Haitian Reality

Ornithology Report

By Michelle Bonville

By Bill Pulliam

Michelle’s tour of duty ends, but support of the mission continues.

June is all about nesting.

Also in this Issue:

Man-Up, Dad

Burgdorf’s Lookin’ Back, Page 33

By Charles Newbold, jr. Relevant excerpts from In Search of Dad. Page 27

Cerebral Meanderings, Page 34

Page 33

Page 21

Validity Magazine is published monthly in Hohenwald, Tennessee. Validity Magazine reserves the right to edit editorial and advertising submissions for appropriateness of the publication. Reproduction of any part of Validity Magazine without permission of the publisher is prohibited. Distribution of this magazine does not constitute an endorsement of information, products or services. Views expressed in Validity Magazine do not necessarily represent those of the publisher. Every effort has been made to insure accuracy of the publication contents. However, we do not guarantee the accuracy of all information nor the absence of errors and omissions.

Publisher Becky Jane Newbold,, 931-628-6039 Managing Editor Shane Newbold,, 931-628-6039 Director of Digital Innovation Cody Crawford,, 615-768-9479 Contributing Writers Bill Pulliam, Cassandra Warner, Charles Newbold Jr., DeeGee Lester, Justin Crawford, Katie Taylor, Landis Turner, Michelle Bonville Contributing Photographers Cassandra Warner, Katie Taylor

Validity Magazine, Published 12 times per year, monthly, Vol. 5, Issue 6 POSTMASTER: Send address changes to Validity Magazine, P. O. Box 516, Hohenwald, TN 38462-0516. Address Service Requested. Subscriptions are available on an annual basis at $20 per year. Mail check or money order to: Validity Subscriptions, P.O. Box 516, Hohenwald, Tennessee 38462.

Validity Magazine exists to reflect rural lifestyles of rural communities along the Natchez Trace Parkway in both storytelling and photo journalism. This local publication is designed to promote positive life experiences by delivering authentic, relevant content on healthy living, nature, outdoors, technology, gardening, entertainment and travel to the people who enjoy the small town experience.



Our Mission

From The Publisher


ummertime Growing Time


onditions are ripe for the summer of 2015 to be one of the best on record for South Central Tennessee. Not only are temperatures fashionably easing into a typical Tennessee summer, the climate for business is rounding out By Becky Jane nicely as well. Newbold We never tire of giving a shout out to folks cultivating and enriching life in the Validity region. Pulaski: My friend Matt Crane (and fellow Gattis Leadership 2015 grad) has been named Director of the Small Business Development Center for Giles County. Look for exciting things to come from this organization under Matt’s leadership. Hohenwald: A devoted, energetic and intelligent group of people (including the fabulous Debbie Landers, Gattis Leadership 2014) is starting to see the positive results of their effort with the opening of the Hohenwald Marketplace (page 16). Discover how a former cafe is now home to a fascinating business incubator, offering women in business (and some men too) an opportunity to get off to a solid start. Centerville: There must be “something in the water” for everywhere we have looked recently, a once vacant storefront is home to a new business. Spurred by a local group of artists, with the steadfast support of Antonia Meadors of Wild Duck Soup Emporium, the town square is experiencing a small (but audible) sonic boom. Columbia: Local leadership set the stage and the players are arriving in droves. Business is booming in the downtown arena. Look for a new music festival this fall headed by Rick Clark. Waynesboro: Fireworks! Seriously, July 3rd at the new Stage 64 (page 22). This Tennessee Downtowns city has loads of revitalization going on with Chamber Director Rena Purdy (Gattis, again) and City

Mayor Tony Creasy at the helm. Lawrenceburg: Plan to stay all day shopping & eating in the Main Street district. Make sure the trunk is empty, or better yet, take the suv. You’ll need the

space. Keep up the great work, April Judkins (Gattis Leadership 2015). Salute to you, South Central Tennessee! Love having you as our peeps.

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Validity Online!

Reality Perspective

Depression Therapy


harmaceutical companies make billions of dollars selling anti-depressant medication. Many of our woes are selfinflicted, firstworld problems. So, I am telling you someBy Shane Newbold thing you already know. Blah, blah. But Brent Landers, my friend, told me of a miracle cure for our depressed condition. It is free (the drug companies are cringing at this moment) and eagerly available. I, unaware, had been utilizing this marvel remedy. Then Brent made reference to it over

lunch one day. “You know, when my toddler grandchild comes around the corner playing peek-a-boo and calls Papa, then turns away screaming and running for me to chase, all my problems disappear,” Brent chuckled just talking about it. That’s it. No big deal. Easy solution. If you are locked inside a cheerless moment, go find a kid, any kid (if the child is not your progeny, obviously get permission from the parent/s). From my experience, I would not recommend teenagers for obvious reasons. But, go find a kid and get on your knees and crawl around, run with them, chase the tykes, let them chase you, just good old fashioned play. Your dark day will fill with light and laughter.

f o o r P

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5 .

Validity Recipes

Katie Taylor

It’s All About Roast Beef

Beef Roast Grilled Sandwich with Goat Cheese and Strawberry Balsamic Reduction

very versatile, and one I find few people dislike. Gather around the table this month and try the various dinnertime sandwiches made from this great cut of meat.

Easy Slow Cooker Beef Roast

Beef Roast Grilled Sandwich with Goat Cheese and Strawberry Balsamic Reduction

Serves 1 Ingredients: 2 slices whole wheat bread

½ small shallot, thinly sliced 1 tsp olive oil 3 medium strawberries, chopped 2 tablespoons balsamic vinegar 1 handful of arugula leaves ¼ cup crumbled goat cheese 2-3 ounces shredded beef roast

Ingredients: 2-3 lb beef roast (chuck, rump or brisket work best) 1 tbsp brown sugar ¼ tsp dried thyme 1 tsp garlic powder 1 bay leaf ¼ cup soy sauce Instructions: 1. Combine thyme, sugar, garlic, bay leaf and soy sauce in small bowl. 2. Pour over roast in slow cooker, and cook for 7-8 hours on low.

Katie Taylor


ew things feel worse than the clock chiming six in the evening and still not knowing what the plan for dinner will be. With a little time spent on Sunday, you can feel confident about By Katie Taylor dinner plans heading into your workweek and avoid that last minute dash to the fast food restaurant. Meal planning is a great way to not only eat healthier but also save time and money. Both are things we could use a little more of these days. This month, I give you three easy recipes based from a single ingredient you can buy from your local farmer and prepare on Sunday. A beef chuck-roast is a lean meat that is incredibly easy to cook, . 6

Katie Taylor

3. Spread both sides of bread with goat cheese and balsamic reduction. 4. Add arugula, caramelized shallots and beef. 5. In same pan used for caramelizing the shallots, grill the sandwich until brown and buttery on both sides. 6. Slice sandwich in half and enjoy!

Beef Roast Grilled Sandwich with Goat Cheese and Strawberry Balsamic Reduction

Katie Taylor

Katie Taylor

Instructions: 1. Over low-medium heat, bring strawberries and balsamic vinegar to a simmer. Let simmer for 5 minutes until thick. 2. In separate small sauce-pan, combine olive oil and sliced shallot. Sprinkle with salt and pepper, and sautĂŠ until shallots begin to brown, about 5-10 minutes.

7 .

Validity Recipes

Beef and Bleu Sliders Makes 12 sliders

Beef and Bleu Sliders

Katie Taylor

Katie Taylor


Katie Taylor

Ingredients: 1-2 pounds shredded beef chuck, brisket or rump roast 12 dinner rolls 1 cup shredded mozzarella cheese 4 ounces bleu cheese crumbles 3 tablespoons mayonnaise 2 teaspoon prepared horseradish 5 tablespoons butter, melted 2 teaspoon Worcestershire sauce 1 teaspoon poppy seeds 2 teaspoon onion powder Salt and pepper, to taste Instructions: 1. Preheat oven to 375 degrees F. 2. Slice dinner rolls in half, laying bottom half in baking dish, cast iron pan or cookie sheet. Arrange rolls close enough so they are touching. 3. Begin layering the ingredients on the rolls by starting with the shredded beef. Follow it with the mozzarella and bleu cheeses. 4. In a small bowl, combine mayonnaise, horseradish, salt and pepper. Spread this creamy sauce on the top half of each roll, and place the top halves of the rolls to complete the sliders. 5. Combine butter, Worcestershire sauce, poppy seeds, onion powder, salt and pepper in another small bowl. Pour buttery mixture over prepared rolls. 6. Cook rolls in oven for 15 minutes, watching closely to avoid burning.

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Katie Taylor

Validity Recipes

Everything Tastes Better At Emeralds!

Pulled Beef Roast Hoagie

Katie Taylor

Quality Has Made The Difference Since 1977

C o u r t S qu a r e • Wa y n e s b o r o

Katie Taylor

Serves 1 Ingredients for hoagie: 2-3 ounces cooked beef roast 1 ounce sliced provolone cheese (can substitute Swiss) Handful Pickled Onions* 2 tablespoons Herbed Crème Sauce* Fresh baguette *Recipes below Instructions for hoagie: 1. Spread both sides of baguette/ hoagie with Herbed Crème Sauce. 2. Top with cheese, beef, pickled

Katie Taylor

Pulled Beef Roast Hoagie with Pickled Onions and Herbed Crème

931-722-5611 Open 7 Days

onions and more crème sauce if desired. 3. Enjoy immediately.

Herbed Crème Sauce

1 tablespoon horseradish 4 tablespoons sour cream 2 tablespoons mayonnaise 1 tablespoon chopped herbs (I used rosemary, sage and thyme.) Instructions: 1. Combine all ingredients, mix well and store in refrigerator for up to one week. Recipe inspired by

Pickled Onions

1 large red onion, thinly sliced 125 milliliters white vinegar (~4 ounces) 2 teaspoons sugar 1 teaspoon salt Instructions: 1. Combine all ingredients in plastic or glass container, and mix well. Place in refrigerator for 1-2 hours to allow flavors to emerge. 2. Drain excess liquid. 3. Can be stored in refrigerator for one week.

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9 .

Mount Pleasant, Tennessee

Wish You Were Here

esting history and has been in use since the 1800s. Postcards were popular because they were an easy way to communicate. They were the “text messaging” of the day. Just a lot slower. Some folks speculate that picture postcards are a descendant from picture envelopes. These envelopes were produced with a picture on the front and the writer would slip a card into the envelope for mailing. On February 27, 1861, the U.S. Congress passed an act that allowed privately printed cards, weighing one ounce or under, to be sent in the mail. That same year John Charlton copyrighted the first postcard in America. Why all this talk about postcards? We now have a US map in the lobby of the Mount Pleasant Post Office, and when you send me a postcard, I am going to mark where it came from. My goal is simple. I want to collect a postcard from all 50 states (it has to have the state name on the front of the card); all 50 state capitals (same rule applies); and postcards from everywhere else. All you have to do is address your postcards to: Robert Mount Pleasant, TN 38474

cups, and of course, the t-shirt that says “I’m with Stupid.” As you approach the counter, icture this… you see a rack of picture postcards You are on vacation and and you think to yourself, “I should you find yourself shopping really send a postcard to Uncle So for souvenirs in one of those stores and So.” And that is where you that has everything…buttons, hats, write the immortal words, “Wish jewelry, henna tattoos, coffee mugs,

By Robert Wakefield


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you were here.” I have to be honest, sometimes I have written those four words on a postcard and didn’t mean a word of it. Truth be known, I went on vacation to get away from Uncle So and So! The postcard has a very inter-

And you can write “Wish you were here” on the postcard, even if you don’t mean it! Robert Wakefield is postmaster for the Mount Pleasant, Tennessee Post Office. You can reach him by phone at 931-379-3285 or send him a postcard.

Validity Roundup

What’s Happening ‘Round Here

Strand Theatre



oys and girls between the ages of five and seventeen have until Saturday, June 6 to register for the Strand Theatre Children’s Camp, an acting camp which takes place from June 8 to June 19 on weekdays at the Strand Theatre in Hohenwald, Tennessee. The conclusion of the camp will be a performance of Music Theatre International’s Fiddler on the Roof, Jr. on Saturday, June 20, starring any participants aged nine through seventeen. The 2015 Strand Theatre Children’s Camp is sponsored by Oliver Companies. Cindy Brown, camp director, will be returning for the fourth consecutive season. “The Hohenwald Arts Council is fortunate to have someone like Cindy Brown to achieve the Strand’s original 1939 endorsement, “Always a Good Show,” commented Scarlette Woodall, Production Manager at the Strand. “Last year’s performance of Annie, Jr. kept the packed house amazed at the acting ability of the Strand camp participants, some of whom had no prior acting

experience.” Students may pre-enroll by phone. For more information concerning camp tuition, registration, or Fiddler on the Roof, Jr. production tickets, call Scarlette Woodall at 931-628-8277.

Secretary of State Tre Hargett. The letters were written between 1861 and 1863, in which the two addressed each other as “Toad” (Rutledge) and “Oll” (King). The couple ended up getting married.

Edwardian Civil War Love Tea at Historic Lairdland Letters Made Available Online Farm House The love letters of two Southern youths have recently been made available online. 150 letters between Oliver Caswell King and Katherine Rebecca Rutledge King can be found in the Tennessee State Library and Archives. Olivia King Inman and Judge Dennis Hisey Inman of Morristown, Tennessee donated the letters. They can be viewed online at A press release announcing the availability of the letters stated, “The collection is extraordinary in its content and breadth. It offers valuable social, political and domestic context for researchers interested in period courtship practices, college experiences, Civil War camp life and family dynamics.” The two lovers were both well educated and highly social, as evidenced by their correspondence. “These papers contain a great deal of information about what everyday life was like for soldiers and civilians during a traumatic period in our country’s history,” remarked

“The acme of refinement and leisure for women of all ages has always been a tea party,” observed Bennita Rouleau, owner of Lairdland Farm House. The Edwardian Tea will be open to any member of the public who reserves their spot in advance for afternoon tea at 2 p.m. on June 6 or June 13. “Tea will be served in the traditional manner, accompanied by a variety of foods appropriate to the period,” added Bobbi Kaslow, owner of Rattle and Snap Plantation. Kaslow will be co-hosting the event. Derek Smith, a British judge, will be travelling

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from England to talk about British social customs of the Victorian and Edwardian periods. The English convention of teatime has a rich history, beginning in 1841. “Around 1850, a five o’clock tea in the drawing room was made an institution and then only in a few fashionable houses where the dinner hour was as late as half past seven or eight o’clock,” Rouleau remarked. She added, “The cast of Downton Abbey would have been very comfortable on our veranda.” Althought modern day attire is suitable, any guests attending the tea are encouraged to wear decorative hats. Call 931-363-2205 to make reservations or for more information.


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11 .

Internet Security: What You Need to Know

The Government (and Everyone Else) is Stealing Your Data


soning falls apart. Information is valuable. If you revealed the whereabouts of a hidden extra house key to your best friend and they told a burglar where it was when you were on vacation, you would be very angry with them. You would most likely refrain from giving them information of that sort in the future. If, on the other hand, you revealed the whereabouts of the secret house key to someone you didn’t know, you would probably feel a bit like you deserved it if they turned out to be a burglar and robbed you blind. Most people would never share such information with an individual unless they trusted them completely. But what about the complexities of sharing your data with a company? It seems straightforward: Most people would be uncomfortable sharing the location of their hidden house key when doing business with a company. However, most of us share this sort of information with companies every day. When you are discussing the location of your house key with your spouse on Facebook Messenger, for example, you are in essence sharing that information with your spouse and the company Facebook. The information you type and send is stored on a Facebook server somewhere, perhaps forever. Since 1968 Likewise with direct messages on Twitter, iMessages on iPhone, text messages on Verizon, video chats on Skype, emails on Gmail and much more. 1113 Nashville Hwy • Columbia All of these com931-381-0368 panies take your inMon - Thurs, 9a - 10p formation with your Fri - Sat 9a - 11p acceptance of a pri. 12

bazillion memes have been made of Eric Schmidt’s 2009 quote: “If you have something that you don’t want a n y o n e to know, maybe you s h o u l d n’t be doing it in the first place.” Schmidt was CEO of Google at the time and By Cody Crawford was being interviewed by CNBC. A lot of people would agree with his simple logic. They are probably not thinking, however, of instances where it is perfectly natural to have information you would rather keep to yourself. For instance, everyone has had personal conversations with a loved one, perhaps to discuss where to hide the extra house key, that they would not want the world to know. People usually do not make it known to their current boss when they are searching for a new job. And most would not want their medical information to be publicly available. In these cases, Schmidt’s rea-

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vacy policy, which hardly anyone reads. We trust these companies, as we should be able to, to keep our information private. The privacy policies are public, and most everyone trusts that if there is anything malicious in them, someone will find it and warn everyone else. This seems to be the mindset people have when the government

All of these companies take your information with your acceptance of a privacy policy, which hardly anyone reads. passes laws as well. Few people read the bills that are passed, but count on journalists to splash anything underhanded that takes place across the front page of a newspaper or website. This is probably why there was such a monumental outcry on Thursday, June 6, 2013, when an article on The Guardian’s website revealed that the National Security Agency (NSA) had been collecting telephone records of millions of American citizens who were customers of Verizon. The shock stemmed from the fact that none of these people had done or were suspected of doing anything wrong. Permission was given to the NSA to gather data in bulk by a secret court called the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court, which very rarely rejected any of their applications. The next day, an article surfaced on The Guardian that detailed another government program called PRISM, which used information

from Google, Facebook, Apple and other companies, allowing the NSA to see search history, emails, live chats and files sent. On Sunday, June 9, The Guardian identified the person who had leaked the documents: CIA contractor Edward Snowden. Previously unknown to the world, Snowden became famous with that article. He took full responsibility for leaking classified NSA documents. There were more than just the two programs, and the NSA had a lot of ways of reading correspondence of innocent U.S. citizens. In addition to general astonishment, people were also either appreciative or angry over what Snowden had done. Some think he is a traitor, and he has been officially charged by the U.S. government with theft and two counts of espionage. He is now living in Russia. But, when the story was posted on The Guardian’s website, someone commented, “Whether you agree or not with this man exposing the NSA’s secrets, one thing you can’t argue is the Americans deserved to know about all the data being collected on them. What this man has done is very courageous and the American people should be grateful to him.” Many Americans were grateful, and the NSA programs were discussed for months. The NSA also had a secret interpretation of Section 215 of the Patriot Act. Section 215 allows the government to request “any tangible things” from businesses, as long as the items are related to preventing terrorism. The Snowden files revealed that this was the government’s justification for requesting the phone data from Verizon. Representative James Sensenbrenner stated, “I was the principle author of the Patriot Act...I can say that without qualification that Congress never did intend to allow bulk collections when it passed Section 215, and no fair reading of the text would allow for this program.” A segment on Last Week Tonight with John Oliver that aired in April discussed government surveillance. When Oliver talked to people from the street and asked them who Edward Snowden was, most people didn’t know who he was or what he

had done. That was less than two years since he exposed the secret programs, data collection and secret interpretations of laws that had everyone outraged. Oliver asked people if they would be angry to know the government can see any nude pictures they text or email with their partners. They understandably became much more concerned. Oliver then interviewed Snowden himself, who remarked, “It’s not actually seen as a big deal in the culture of NSA, because you see naked pictures all the time.” Not much has changed since Snowden leaked the documents. The NSA is still getting everyone’s data. In May, however, a federal appeals court ruled that the NSA interpretation of Section 215 was illegal. On June 1 of this year, just as Validity goes to press, Section 215 of the Patriot Act is set to expire if Congress does not renew it. A memo from the Justice Department to Congress predicted, “After May 22, 2015, it will be increasingly difficult for the government to avoid a lapse in the current NSA program of at least some duration.” A renewal could come in the form of the USA Freedom Act, which has already been passed by the House. The Freedom Act was designed to end bulk collection of Americans’ data and increase transparency, among other things. Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, however, is a tireless supporter of the original Section 215. Opponents of the Freedom Act come from both sides of the debate. Senator Rand Paul delivered a nearly 11 hour speech on May 20, what he called a filibuster, to delay a vote on the Patriot Act renewal. According to a National Journal article, Paul argues that the Freedom Act “does not go far enough in ushering in surveillance reforms.” When a vote to pass the

Freedom Act failed in the Senate and a vote to extend Section 215 with no changes failed, Senator Barbara Mikulski stated, “Make no mistake – it will expire. We don’t have it together to pass a new law.” The Senate will reconvene on May 31, a day before the expiration. Until then, the debate rages on, and this dispute is one of many. Section 215 only regards information obtained by working with businesses. Other NSA programs are not even on the table for reform. Although it seems some Americans have lost interest in the privacy debate, there are still many problems, most of them involving data on the internet. The government is not the only entity that benefits from having information. Facebook and Google famously use their vast amount of information to target their customers with very specific

The government is not the only entity that benefits from having information. ads.

In July 2013, CNET reported that Google had begun putting ads that look like emails in the Promotions tab of users’ inboxes. “Google works to keep search ads relevant to the people who see them,” the article stated. In April 2014, The Huffington Post publicized that Google had updated their terms of service to include “our automated systems analyze your content (including emails) to provide you personally relevant product features... This analysis occurs as the content is sent, received and when it is stored.” The Washington Post divulged in August 2014 that a man had been arrested for having child pornography after

Google reported him to the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children. He had the images in his Gmail account. Even individuals sometimes use quantities of information to their advantage. Lulzsec, a branch of the hacktivist group Anonymous, hacked Sony in 2011. TechWorld reported, “Lulzsec, saying the attack was retaliation for Sony’s legal action against hacker George Hotz for jailbreaking into the PlayStation 3, claimed to have compromised over one million accounts.” Lulzsec said of the attack, “Sony stored over 1,000,000 passwords of its customers in plaintext, which means it’s just a matter of taking it.” It seems that everyone likes information. When an individual entrusts a company with their personal data, they are trusting that company not only to keep it secret, but also to keep it safe. Sensitive information is usually encrypted, but the information may travel all over the world to arrive on a server somewhere. Companies also periodically shift data around to different servers. At any time while your information is traveling around or sitting on a server, someone may get access to it. This may include the employees of the company, employees of a service the company uses, the U.S. government, a foreign government or a hacker. At any time, your information might be accessed due to a mistake someone made, maintenance needed on the equipment or a malicious attempt to steal the data. Anyone want to go live under a rock? Cody Crawford holds a Bachelor of Science in software engineering from Middle Tennessee State University and serves as Director of Digital Innovation for Validity Publishing. Open 7 Days A Week! M-Thurs. 11-9 Fri.-Sat. 11-10 Sun. 11-8

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13 .

Lawrenceburg, Tennessee

The Old Jail Museum


istory mavens, get your bucket lists ready. The Old Jail Museum of Lawrence County opened for the season in April and will remain open through mid-August, Tuesdays through Fridays from 10 a.m. until 2 p.m. The Old Jail Museum was built in 1893 and actually served as a jail for 80 years until 1973. Curtis Peters, the president of the Lawrence County Historical Society, says he could tell stories all day about the happenings when the museum was a jail. He told of one prisoner who said as the sheriff passed his cell, “Tell your wife not to cook me breakfast in the morning. I won’t be here.” True to his word, that prisoner had escaped by morning, having sawed through one of the bars, squeezing through to freedom. Even today, a visit to the Old Jail Museum will show the bars slightly bent from that prisoner’s getaway. “We had one sheriff who was killed in January 1943,

stabbed by one of the inmates in the jail,” Peters related. “One guy, in 1909, whose family brought him in because they said he was suicidal, hanged himself two days later.” Peters says a lot of people come in and tell their own stories. “They’ll say, ‘I spent seven months in that box right there.’” Peters told how one man came in and took him upstairs. “The man said, ‘Open that window right there.’” There were two bars that had been cut and welded back together. “When I was a little bitty kid my dad was in jail right there. They all escaped and got away,” the man explained. Pat Sutton was sheriff at the jail for a while. In addition to receiving the Distinguished Service Cross while in the Navy in WWII, he ended up becoming a Congressman as well. A lot of the jail cells are still intact. Peters says the two big cells upstairs could hold eight people each. The sheriff and his

The Old Jail Museum is home to Davy Crockett memorabilia and other historical pieces related to Lawrence County.



See inside a jail cell at the Old Jail Museum in Lawrenceburg.

Stories abound of daring escapes through the windows of the historic jail.

family also lived at the jail, upstairs in two rooms that were not directly connected to the cells. But aside from the jail itself and the history in it, there are lots of other historical pieces contained in the Old Jail Museum. “A comment I get from most people is that there’s a lot more in here than there seems to be,” remarked Peters. Items on display at the Old Jail Museum include David Crockett memorabilia; local historical items; a General High

Harris collection; military uniforms and Civil War artifacts; items from the Spanish American War, World War I and World War II; Lawrenceburg CCC & POW camp pictures; primitive agricultural tools; Vaughn music memorabilia; old photographs; and historical documents. Although the Old Jail Museum’s seasonal hours end in midAugust, the museum is open by appointment any time by calling Curtis Peters at 931-212-1944.

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Marketplace gathered support from local politicians, the Chamber of Commerce atching a project devel- and the Economic Development op from a flicker of an Council. Last April, the SGI exidea to something real ecutive board was approached by is magical. It takes courage, com- Tennessee’s Business Enterprise Remitment and a group of dedicated source Office and asked if it want-

By Linda Fuller


were the only rural enterprise to receive one of those grants.” Reed added that the goal of the Marketplace was two-fold: “We realized how difficult it could be for small businesses to get started. We always felt that one of SGI’s goals was to support local enterprise, and I’m firmly convinced that small business is the real driver for economic health. We wanted to help support the economy and show off what we have, but we were lacking a real understanding of the value of local resources. We felt that tied in closely to the lack of a welcome center.”

ipating in SGI for several years. “I liked the feel of the group and their efforts to promote environmental awareness, self-sufficiency, community involvement and ‘green’ efforts in Lewis and surrounding counties while avoiding entanglement from any partisanship that could detract from their efforts,” she said. “When Tom Reed first approached me about the Marketplace concept, I was definitely interested...I promised on the spot to help in any way I could. “Tom calls it an ‘incubator’ for small businesses, and I think that’s appropriate...I could not afford or

A ribbon cutting marked the opening of Hohenwald Marketplace in downtown Hohenwald.

individuals. Hohenwald Marketplace is now a reality thanks to a group from the Sonnenschein Green Initiative (SGI). SGI’s mission is to take a proactive approach in supporting the local community by celebrating their resources. One local resource is entrepreneurship, which includes artisan crafters and micro-businesses that have growth opportunities at the Marketplace, which serves Lewis and the five contiguous counties. The idea for Hohenwald Marketplace was born in 2010 and .


ed to apply for a pilot grant. That’s when Tom and Stacy Reed, Vera Cuff, Debbie Landers and Tina Vine went to work. This “Working Group,” as they call themselves, developed a vision for the Marketplace, submitted a grant proposal and was awarded the grant nine months later. Thus the birth of Hohenwald Marketplace, which opened just six weeks after that on March 31, 2015. According to Tom Reed, “We applied under the Sonnenschein Green Initiative and were awarded one of the five state contracts available. We

According to Reed, the state said it would support a welcome center in town. “The breezeway on Main Street next to the Elephant Sanctuary Visitor Center was going to become a building for a welcome center for the town and area...The project did not come to fruition due to the inability to obtain the remaining money. So, rather than wait for an official welcome center, we will act as the unofficial welcome center.” Sarah Brafford of Haprita Designs was one of the earliest vendors to join the Marketplace after partic-

sustain a brick-and-mortar storefront on my own.” Cassandra Warner, a monthly contributor to Validity, exhibits her nature-inspired jewelry and artwork under the name of Nature Works. She is one example of what the developers of Hohenwald Marketplace envisioned: an entrepreneurial artisan who contributes unique goods. “Some of my things may be considered a hobby rather than a business, but that’s how some businesses start...I see Hohenwald Marketplace as an opportunity for

exposure not only to locals but to people coming through the city, and I want to keep the Marketplace interesting by contributing what I love to make.” Another vendor to join the Marketplace in its early stages was Linda Fuller of Linda’s Paper Pretties. She is a paper artisan who creates Hohenwald and Nashville note card sets, handmade greeting cards, cards made to order, boxes and even paper jewelry. “I’m so happy and grateful to have a venue like the Marketplace right in the middle of town on a major highway. It has been a real help to me as I’ve been able to meet with customers there where we can sit and chat over coffee...I saw firsthand how valuable my association with the Marketplace is when several customers at the recent Hohenwald Springfest told me that they had seen my display at the Marketplace and had ‘followed’ me to Springfest for Mother’s Day cards. You can’t get better advertising than that.” Glena Sikes does double-duty by overseeing the book nook on behalf of Friends of the Library

while also maintaining her own personal exhibit, Cricket’s Crafts. Glena offers wood burned designs on gourds; live plants and silk flowers in decorative pots; a selection of travel, cooking and craft books; and plain gourds ready to be decorated. Glena commented, “I really enjoy being in the Marketplace with the opportunity to make my crafts available to the public. I also want folks to know that books purchased from the Friends of the Library display help support various projects for the library. I try to change them out throughout the month and I’ve provided a nice, cozy reading corner where you can relax and find a reasonably priced book you love.” One of the gems of Hohenwald Marketplace is the Rock House Coffee Company, owned and operated by Cindy and Kenny Brown, who have also been involved with SGI for some time. In addition to all the popular coffee drinks they make, they also offer soups, salads, sandwiches and desserts. Having this resource in the Marketplace adds greatly to the draw,

not to mention the convenience for tourists, shoppers and vendors alike. Tourists will linger to peruse the useful maps and wide assortment of travel brochures that are available thanks to the Chamber of Commerce. Now that the Marketplace has almost tripled its number of vendors, the Working Group’s goal of making it self-sustainable within two years seems within reach. Reed said that “one measure of success is to incubate a number of businesses so they can eventually move out and have their own space if they desire. Part of the grant is to educate vendors by closing the gaps of any needs they may have in support of their growth. This falls in line with our mission statement to be the place that best illustrates the entrepreneurial spirit of the local community.” Future plans include a farmers market within the Marketplace. The Working Group’s vision is to have a rotating vendor schedule on weekdays so the Marketplace can also offer local produce. According to Reed, “We feel there’s a

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need for produce outlets, particularly for Amish and Mennonites... We also want to support our local food banks to help those that don’t have resources, and we’re looking at any possibility to do that. Another goal we have is to develop a program where teens, adults and special needs folks can learn to be more independent by producing their own food and learning canning techniques. “We realize,” Reed added, “that a lot of folks moving to this area have an incredible amount of talent that we want to harvest.” Thanks to Tom Reed, the rest of the Working Group and SGI, there is no doubt this community is better already. Hohenwald Marketplace is located in the Emporium Building at 25 E. Main Street in Hohenwald, Tennessee, 931-230-4570. The Sonnenschein Green Initiative meets the last Tuesday of each month at Hohenwald Marketplace, and they can be reached by contacting Visit the Marketplace online at www.

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Illustrator and Wood Carver

aordinai r r xt



P. E. Foster

By Becky Jane Newbold


isa Fox was walking her dog in the woods and didn’t really want to see anyone. It was one of those kind of days. Then out of nowhere, “there is this guy and his dog,” she explained, sharing her exasperation in solitude disrupted. Cordially, she engaged in conversation with the humble man, who she learned was a graphic illustrator who moved to Franklin. He confessed he did a little wood working on the side. Intrigued, Lisa checked it out. She was so taken by his carvings she staged a one-man show at her Leiper’s Creek Gallery in Leiper’s Fork to showcase his work. And to

the art world was revealed the playful side of P. E. Foster. The New Yorker, The Boston Globe, Time, Businessweek and The Wall Street Journal are typical recipients of P.E. Foster’s work. Since 1986, Foster has worked as a freelance editorial illustrator for national publications. Foster’s exposure to woodcarving began in the 1980s, when he worked for the U. S. Forestry Service in Utah. “They knew I was an art student. They had me working on a router in the shop making signs. Then they had me do

Smoked by P. E. Foster



Wormfood by P. E. Foster

Wake Up Call by P. E. Foster

public displays and public information things. That’s where the love of working with wood started,” he explained. A few years ago, when P. E. married Liz Hengber and moved to Franklin, he set up a wood shop in the garage. Back to the router. And his tools. “Working with wood is a return to my own personal art. A completely different intention. With wood I can be self-expressive,” he commented. I missed having my own artistic voice.” A self-proclaimed hermit, P. E. admitted the house was filling with wood carving. “I didn’t want to pursue galleries. But I had decided to put up a website ( When Lisa Fox and I bumped into each other walking our dogs, I recognized her from the gallery and asked some questions.

“She discovered me. I am grateful to Lisa. She has been kind to me.” P. E. Foster finds inspiration in nature. “There are two primary directions for my art: sober and whimsical. I do tire of the conscious. Sometimes its more fun to be like a painter, just work with the medium.” Just after he called himself a hermit environmentalist, I could (almost) hear him cringe over the phone. “I said that, didn’t I?” he asked. P. E. Foster has a high respect for nature, at times is disturbed by the negative impacts humans have on it yet is not a radical, inyour-face kind of guy. He allows his feelings toward nature to be exposed through his creativity. P. E. Foster received a Master of Fine Arts degree in printmaking from Wichita State University in 1985 and an undergraduate in Fine Arts from Utah State University. “I’m certainly no purist (with regard to ‘wood working’), so tra-

ditional craftsmen will have to forgive the fact that my focus is elsewhere. I simply love to work with the material, as a painter relishes his paint. Yes, ‘the medium is the message,’ ‘form IS content’ etc., those old academic saws are valid. But in the case of my works in wood, the medium serves my own more deliberate message or allusion,” P. E. Foster’s bio reads online. With 60 hours to 170 hours invested in each piece, P. E. commented how he used to journal about this art, but joked, “It would depress me when I saw how much time was invested. Ironically, the price tag has to reflect the time invested. Money is such a funny and complicated topic in the art world,”

This illustration was created for Research magazine, produced by Summit Business Media. Topic for illustration: “India’s Emergence  -  How an increasingly important nation’s stock market developed.”

Photo Bill Hobbs

Artist P. E. Foster with his wife, songwriter Liz Hengber “And Still,” “For My Broken Heart,” “Forever Love,” and “It’s Your Call” (Reba McEntire); “A Father’s Love (The Only Way He Knew How)” (Bucky Covington); “She’s More” (Andy Griggs); “Unconditional’ (Clay Davidson)

Artist P. E. Foster at work in his studio.

he added. Serious undertones in many of the pieces are offset by the whimsical, playful nature of others, begging the question, what influences on his art came from his childhood? “My loving and devoted parents acknowledged early on my artist bent. They were encouraging and supportive. That’s the first thing that comes to mind. I have really great parents.” His parents are in their late 80s and are in great health, P. E. said, and al-

The Los Angeles Times: The author of the article of the story is an attorney representing some of the prisoners at Guantanamo Bay.  Thus, he has had over a dozen firsthand visits to Guantanamo, and according to his story, there is indeed inhumane treatment of the prisoners, despite the Government’s claims. The title of the story is "Witness to Guantanamo."

Petro Man by P. E. Foster

Drum Roll by P. E. Foster

19 .

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though they live on the other end of the country, he talks to them several times a week. “His work is amazing,” Lisa Fox exclaimed when we viewed P. E. Foster’s woodcarvings in her gallery. “I am so glad we bumped into each other.”

P. E. Foster’s Illustration: Published in Marquette Lawyer magazine

P. E. Foster writes: This was a particularly interesting story to illustrate, a civil rights case “Screws v. United States and the Birth of Civil Rights Enforcement.” January 29, 1943: Around midnight, Sheriff



Claude Screws sent two of his deputies to the home of a young black man named Robert Hall. Charged with a spurious charge of “stealing a tire,” Hall was handcuffed, driven to the town square where Screws awaited him, and the three police officers then proceeded to beat Hall unconscious.  Nearby residents reported seeing and hearing the terrible event, after which Hall’s limp body was dragged into the court house, out the back door and into a jail building where he was tossed in with other inmates.  Remaining unconscious, Hall was later taken to the hospital but died shortly after arriving.   In the morning, on their way to the market or the post office, the townsfolk of Newton all saw the pool of blood in the middle of the town square and the trail leading from that spot up to the courthouse and on to the jail. Within the Ku Klux Klan saturated southern culture of 1943 Georgia, no charges came to Screws and his boys from the state of Georgia. So it was later in 1945 that the federal Supreme Court got involved in this case.  As the case finally concluded, Screws and his deputies were absolved of the charges, but the case nevertheless stirred up civil rights discussion and clarification. It played a seminal part in continued civil rights evolution in the 1950s and 60s. Read more at or follow a link from

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Mariani, Haiti

A Haitian Reality

My Last Month

By Michelle Bonville


his is it. This is my last month in Haiti. It is unfathomable that a year has passed so quickly. Prior to my visit in 2013, Haiti was not a place I had a heart for, but God has irrevocably changed my heart. This year has knit my heart with the people here in a way that I never expected. My current full time commitment is complete, but I know that

this is not the end of my time here. I will come again. Whether for a visit or another long term commitment, I don’t know, but I’m open to whatever God asks of me. My time is almost finished, but the work of the ministry will continue. Even though I will be hundreds of miles away, I am still a part of this ministry. My home church is still supporting a church, a school and a pastor’s family in a poor and often dangerous slum in Haiti. My work isn’t finished—it is just shifting. We still have needs to fill and funds to raise to keep the feeding program going. My desire now is to impart a love for Haiti to the people at home so we can not only continue our current ministry, but also expand it

to make it everything it can be. We have a unique opportunity to be able to truly change lives. Not only by providing a meal to school children who are hungry, but also, and more importantly, by leading them to the Lord and showing them what God’s love looks like. The children in Haiti don’t all have a good sense of a parent’s love. I’ve seen so much this year, it is hard to put into words. Children who are looked at more as laborers than someone to love, constantly berated and degraded. One child was beaten by his father with an electric cord and missed school for a month while fighting sickness brought on by infection in his wounds. Another ten year old boy was living on the streets washing cars to make money because his family didn’t want him in their home any longer—he caused too much trouble. I’ve been asked to pray for young restavek (literally means “to stay with”) children, who are sent to live with an affluent family in order to gain a better life, but usually wind up being a child slave, working long hours, not allowed to attend school and often sexually abused. These precious souls are crying out to be loved and cared for. I passionately believe that by reaching the children now, when they are young, we can completely change this neighborhood and its future children. Teaching them the Word of God, giving them character training, showing them how to love as God would love them. Such simple things could alter their current course for the better. I heard someone say once, “If they knew better they would do better.” It is so very true. When someone truly understands what is better, they do better. I so desire to see these families do better, not only for themselves but also for the future generations. So, as I prepare to leave Haiti, I am preparing to leave a piece of my heart behind with the children here. I asked God to allow me to touch their lives, and I pray that I have. For certain, I have showered the love

of God on each one with whom I have come in contact, showing God through my actions to the very best of my ability. I know they have felt the love, because I can feel it reflected back to me. I pray that God will solidify it in their hearts, that they will never forget it. God has given me such a gift in allowing me to spend the past year in Haiti. Things were not always easy, but He walked with me every step of the way. I am completely changed. This, by far, has been the best year of

my life, and I am thankful for every difficulty, every challenge, every moment with the precious children. I look forward to being able to return again soon. Michelle Bonville is a kindergarten teacher from Hohenwald, Tennessee and is completing a one year mission trip to teach in Haiti. To learn how you can help call General Assembly & Church of the First Born at 931-796-4368.

21 .

route that travels Music Series Kickoff Concert tinental directly through the heart

joy the beautiful Stage 64 outdoor of Waynesboro, Tennessee. concert setting as City leaders decided to well as the City build the stage on Hurri- of Waynesboro’s cane Creek at their existing water slides and Waynesboro City Park to swimming pool, provide a new community an RV campplaymusic and events venue for ground, and local and regional residents grounds, to enjoy community enter- a brick walking path that meantainment for all ages. On July 3, 2015 City ders along Hurriof Waynesboro leaders cane Creek. When the look forward to hosting the inaugural Stage 64 boys of MemphisMusic Concert in con- based Grassfire junction with their annual Bluegrass Band Fourth of July celebration take the stage, that includes a huge fire- you might want works show, local food and events to keep a fire exvendors. Building off its rich musi- tinguisher handy. cal heritage, the event will feature According to one Waynesboro’s own Mark Collie, of their fans who Wayne County native Mark Collie joins their musician, performer, actor and re- frequent in the inaugural Stage 64 Music Concert around cent inductee into the Rockabilly shows celebrating Independence Day on July 3rd Hall of Fame, along with fellow the mid-south, in Waynesboro, Tennessee. artists in the Memphis-based blue- “You can’t put’em ber of Grassfire, Morton was also grass and country band Grassfire. out!” Their hardThe Howells, one of Waynesboro’s driving, high-energy performances responsible for the addition of anlong standing local bands, will also leave people feeling good about other Grassfire band member, Lyn perform. The concert starts at 6 life and wanting more of the music Jones, who plays harmonica, flute that has risen in popularity over the and sings. p.m. and ends at midnight. Jones has played across the Known as one of the region’s last two decades. “I have to give credit to George mid-south with several well-known best, Waynesboro’s Fireworks Show will light up the park at 9:30 p.m. Clooney,” laughs Brad Robb, the artists and bands, including Claude lead vocalist for the group. He re- King, Ozark Mountain Daredevils during the celebration. Concert attendees can also en- fers to the adventure comedy film and Black Oak Arkansas. He was released in 2000, fea- nominated nine times for the Naturing Clooney, whose tional Association of Recording lip sync interpretation Arts and Sciences “Premier Player of “Man of Constant Award,” winning it in 1991. Sorrow” (sung by Dan Another original member of Tyminski of Allison Grassfire, Robert Dickerson, came Krauss and Union Sta- up with the band’s name and has tion) catapulted blue- been a key multi-instrumentalist grass music’s popularity and vocalist in the band since its to masses of people who inception. Beginning his profeshave since become fans. sional career entertaining theme 931-388-7770 The unique sound park audiences, Dickerson joined 1144 Riverside Dr. of Grassfire is back- Mark Collie’s band when Collie C olumbia , TN boned by hard-driving was playing the Memphis circuit, five-string banjo wizard eventually playing steel guitar in Wednesday-Thursday 11 am - 8 pm Randal Morton, who Collie’s music video “Something Friday-Saturday 11 am - 9 pm won the 1975 National With A Ring To It.” Sunday 11 am - 7 pm Banjo Championship in The group recently landed a Closed Monday-Tuesday Winfield, Kansas, when veteran bass player who plays a he was a mere 21 years classic 1932 Kay upright bass that old. “I’ve been lucky to provides booming bottom end to meet and play with so the Grassfire sound. many wonderfully talGrassfire will be joined by loented people during my cal musician and Waynesboro’s career,” says Morton. current Mayor Tony Creasy. “We An original mem-

& Fireworks Extravaganza

By Rena Purdy


ble Destin le ecta ati D

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on !


lans are underway for the inaugural event at Waynesboro’s Stage 64, a new outdoor music venue built at Waynesboro City Park located on Highway 64. Nestled along the banks of Hurricane Creek, the Stage 64 complex consists of a 50 ft. x 30 ft. state of the art performance stage, lighting, mixer board and performer prep areas, all the necessities for major concerts like the spectacular kickoff event planned for the community’s annual celebration the night of July 3, 2015. Stage 64 reflects the significance of US Hwy 64, the transcon-

are so glad Tony asked us to be part of this show and we look forward to him joining us on stage,” adds Robb. The musical roots of The Howell’s run deep. The band members are closely related, featuring sisters, Vicky (bass guitar) and Pam (drums), their niece Kelbie (rhythm/lead guitar/bass) and brother/father Jeff (lead guitar/bass and front man). The three siblings began singing and playing music with

their dad, longtime country and rockabilly singer/songwriter, the late Loyd Howell. “This is just one of many projects that our city leaders and community partners have been developing to encourage more people to live, visit and invest in Waynesboro,” stated Waynesboro Mayor Tony Creasy. About Stage 64, the 2015 Music Concert Series and Waynes-

boro Music Council: The City of Waynesboro, Wayne County Chamber of Commerce, and Tennessee Downtowns Promotions Committee are partnering to launch the Stage 64 Concert Series through the Waynesboro Music Council. Members include Mayor Tony Creasy, Vice Mayor Jeff Howell, Grand Ole Opry musician Danny Davis and Chamber Director Rena Purdy.

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23 .

From the Institute of War & Peace Reporting

Iraq’s Pure Soul

training and mentoring activities. Ammar had an impact on an entire generation of Iraqi journalists. This would be a remarkable accomplishment anywhere, let alone Publisher’s Note: Our friend, Anthony Borden, works tirelessly from in Iraq. The country sank into a dehis London office to support local reporters, citizen journalists and cade of conflict, leaving hundreds civil society activists in three dozen countries in conflict, crisis and of thousands of dead, immense transition around the world. Recently we shared his organization’s grief when we learned physical destruction, industrialtheir Chief of Mission in Iraq, Ammar Al Shahbander, was killed. scale corruption and displacement. Ammar and his family fled Iraq in opposition to the regime of Saddam Islamic State would bring further Hussein many years ago, yet Ammar continued to believe his country violence. could exist democratically, and its people could be freed from their Ammar endured through it all, tortured past. travelling across the country – one A champion for peace and social justice, Anthony shared his day in the Kurdish north, the next story with Validity. in western Iraq, then back in Baghdad. As violence spiked, many infriends shared a dream of a new ternational NGOs withdrew. But By Anthony Borden Iraq, united by a democratic vision Ammar – with his dedicated team – persevered, managing complex ope is scarce in Iraq. It was and not splintered by religion, ethnicity or corruption – a dream they projects, meeting officials and edifurther diminished when wanted to build. tors, writing countless reports and Ammar Al Shahbander, After the fall of Saddam, my proposals, offering information one of the country’s few dreamers, colleague Duncan Furey and I first and advice to all. fell victim to one more act of sensemet Ammar in a hotel lobby in Despite the pressures, Ammar less violence. Baghdad. We were there to establoved the freedom. He maintained Born in Baghdad in 1973, Amlish a team for the Institute for War his warm demeanor – and that mar left as a toddler with his father, & Peace Reporting, a charity that sometimes mischievous smile. an opposition politician – fleeing strengthens local media and civilIn one instance, acting US Amto Kuwait, Iran, Syria and finally society groups in countries in crisis bassador Robert Ford spent a few His programming was marked by Sweden. and transition. hours at IWPR, with Ammar and great creativity – a ground-breakBy 2002, Ammar was a sociThere was a lot to be done. several trainees giving their unfiling television series on human ology student in London’s WestIn a white T-shirt and jeans, rights, an advertising agency run by tered insights. As they departed, minster University, fluent in four Ammar looked a kid. But we nowomen, elections reporting, a me- Ford remarked to his State Departlanguages. With the prospect of ticed his confident smile. We mardia-law reform initiative, countless ment colleague Vitessa Del Prete, US invasion, he and his circle of “Best day in Iraq, ever.” Ammar had that effect on many. The initial dream faded. The vision of quick progress under Ahmed Chalabi never materialised. Bad leadership and poor decisions were rife. The violence never abated and deaths mounted, including three journalists affiliated with IWPR. We came to love our colleague and friend. There were times he also drove us nuts. Deadlines were not his thing. He might disappear for days on end, only to reemerge to say he had been caught out by a sandstorm or a worn-out phone battery. Yet his judgment was unerring, and he never let you down in the end. For a time, he was tempted to run for political office. But after much soul-searching, he declined. Formal politics would only limit IWPR Board Member Professor Zoran Pajic, from Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, with Ammar Al his ability to contribute and conShahbander from Baghdad, Iraq, and IWPR Executive Director Anthony Borden, Amsterdam 2012.




velled at his ability to work a room. Ammar knew everyone, and everyone knew Ammar. There was our man. Ammar joined and set to work, building a team that peaked at 150.

Ammar’s tweet during the concert.

Ammar Al Shahbander in Burj Babel Baghdad, one of his last known pictures an hour or so before the bombings that took his life.

strain his free spirit. Despite a growing family, he was determined to continue. This was not easy, especially for his wife, Angela. They tried relocating to Baghdad, but it did not work. So he travelled back and forth from London regularly. Some months ago, they celebrated their fourth child. Ammar continued in Iraq because despite everything, he never lost that dream. He believed passionately in working at grassroots level to build change from the ground up. With his background

in sociology, he was constantly thinking about how Iraq could be knitted together, how different groups could work across dividing lines, how women and youth could be encouraged to participate. He helped keep alive the flame of possibility for countless Iraqis. Recently, he was seized by the terrible suffering of Yezidi women. We urged him to be careful, and he had a closet full of flak jackets. His family begged him to limit his movements. But Ammar was smart and well connected. He knew how to handle himself.

Despite feeling under the weather, he could not refuse an invitation last month to attend a concert by an Eagles cover band, of all things: “You can check out anytime you like, but you can never leave.” In one of the last photographs of him, smiling, I am sure he is thinking beyond the moment. If Iraq cannot play music, it cannot move forward. And if he is not willing to turn up, who will? It was his last Tweet. After a meal nearby, he was walking down the street. The car bomb blast killed him instantly. A small piece of shrapnel embedded in his heart. He was otherwise uninjured. Sixteen others died, and a colleague was wounded. The reaction of friends – in Baghdad or Erbil, London or Malmo, Washington or New York – was the same: “No – not Ammar.” The great survivor, the wise youngster, the rascal and the pro – Ammar was always there and always would be. His group of Iraqi friends from London – the original young dreamers – are especially bereft. So am I. “Ammar was very special,” Angela said in her agony. “But in Iraq, no one’s life is special.” And yet, that may not be wholly true. It is hard to appreciate what you have until it is gone. The day after his death was World Press Freedom Day. For his friends, May 3 can never again be a celebration, only a commemoration. The funeral and mourning

attracted leading politicians and religious figures, journalists and activists. Hundreds attended, including ex-Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki. There was coverage in the Iraq media Ammar did so much to help build. “Brother,” “hero,” “patriot,” he was called – the “pure soul of Iraq.” “When I said I lost Ammar,” one Iraqi colleague wrote to me, “I mean I lost myself.” Ammar was buried in Wadi alSalaam, the vast cemetery in the holy city of Najaf. Friends who viewed the body said he was smiling. In the worst of environments, Ammar gave hope. Will that hope be extinguished? Or is it just possible that his passing may inspire those he touched to recommit to that dream? Anthony Borden is executive director of the Institute for War & Peace Reporting, a London-based charity encouraging the development and exercise of freedom of expression, assembly and belief. IWPR uses journalism as a tool to advance peace and social justice. He and his family spend time in the summer in Lewis County, Tennessee on the Buffalo River.

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25 .

One Lawyer's Opinion



ow come results of lie detector tests are not allowed as evidence? It seems to me that such proof would be strong enough to show guilt or innocence and make criminal cases pretty short. -CMG, Hohenwald. In Tennessee, it has long been held that the results of lie detector tests are not admissible in evidence, whether offered by the prosecution to support its proof of guilt, nor by the defense to help its By Landis contention of innocence. Also, Turner the fact that the defendant took a test or offered to do so may not be revealed to the jury. Our courts have held, quite correctly, that the tests are not reliable enough to be considered by the jury. But, and this is important, voluntary statements made before, during or after a test, may be admitted into evidence provided other constitutional requirements are met. For instance, if a defendant says he was at a certain place at midnight on July 10th, a witness may testify that he said those words in his or her presence. A built-in lie detector like Pi-

nocchio had would be great. His nose grew whenever he told a lie. It always alerted Jiminy Cricket, who acted as the puppet’s conscience, so he knew it was time to go to work keeping him out of trouble. Humans have no physical characteristics which tell us they are lying. Some people do not look you in the eye because they are lying and nervous about it. But others, probably many more, don’t make eye contact because they have at least some element of shyness, which is usually with them whenever they are with others. And many truthful people have sweaty palms. It is very common for police organizations to use lie detectors as tools in their investigations. Such machines are used all over the country to try to obtain unfavorable evidence from those suspected of crime. They are used by many employers to screen job applicants. I have had several cases in which polygraphs (another name for lie detectors) played a part. Lie detectors do not determine whether a “person of interest” (detectives love that term) is telling the truth. As far as we know at this moment, it is impossible for any machine to do that. What they do is attempt to measure stress. They measure such things as changes in breathing, heart rate and blood pressure. Some people experience a little increase in blood pressure in antici-

pation of having it tested. Certainly a lot of people would show some stress upon being hooked up to a lie detector, no matter how honest they are. One of the troubles with polygraphs is that they are not just unreliable. They can ruin a reputation in a way that may affect adversely the rest of the test taker’s life. Many law enforcement agencies, especially federal ones, require applicants for employment to be tested. I think it is impossible to appeal from a failing grade, and one failure to pass a polygraph test will almost always prevent a person from obtaining a job requiring any level of security clearance. He or she has no chance of ever working for the FBI, Secret Service, CIA and numerous other agencies. Claiming the test result was wrong or unfair won’t do a bit of good. And keep in mind that these tests have a strong subjective element. The operator of the polygraph is called the examiner. He asks the questions, works the machine and interprets the results. Many, maybe most, have ten weeks of instruction. That’s not much study for one who has such an influence on the subject’s future, reputation, freedom and maybe even his life. Many people have successfully cheated enough to fool a polygraph examiner. To avoid even a small risk of educating miscreants, I won’t describe the ways some cheat to lie and still pass. Suffice it to say that some prescriptive drugs, though easily obtained, combined with some physical tricks can do the job. Defectors from Eastern

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Europe and Cuba have related to our government that their double agents have passed the tests and infiltrated our most secret departments and agencies. The unreliability of polygraphs is even more disturbing because passing one test may lead to longlasting trust and leaving the cheater free to do a lot of damage. Aldrich Ames passed and caused several of our agents to be arrested in hostile nations. Many were not exchanged. They were executed. I believe that a highly experienced interrogator, be he or she a police detective, prosecutor or criminal defense lawyer, can recognize and uncover lying better than any machine presently in use. No suspect or person of interest in a criminal case can be required to submit to a polygraph test. My advice to a client was always, “Don’t do it!” It’s like answering policemen’s questions without your attorney present. No matter how innocent you are, there is always a risk you say something diminishing the strength of your position. This column discusses legal issues of general interest and does not give legal advice on any reader’s personal situation. The law is not a one-size-fits-all hat. Consult a lawyer of your choice. Landis Turner is a graduate of the University of the SouthSewanee and Vanderbilt University School of Law. He is a former president of the Tennessee Bar Association.

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Ornithology Report

Nests of All Kinds J

une is probably the height of the nesting season for our local birds. Most of the adults are busy defending territories and caring for eggs and babies. And a reminder: When you see helplesslooking, young By Bill Pulliam birds out in the wild, leave them alone! Their parents are probably nearby and caring for them. Their chances are actually better in the wild with their parents than they would be in captivity with human nurses. The fact that we call it the “nesting season” highlights how important nests are in the lives of birds. Many people think of a nest as a bird’s year-round abode, like a person’s house. But for a bird, a nest is just a place to hatch eggs and raise young. Most are abandoned once the young are gone. If a bird does use a “nest-like structure” the rest of the year, it is called a roost, not a nest. Birds that do use the same nest for raising young year after year usually vacate it for the non-breeding season, returning to and refurbishing it each spring. Like the birds that build them, bird nests come in many shapes, sizes and kinds. Two general groups cover most birds: woven nests and cavity nests. The woven nest is the classical idea of a nest in most people’s minds. These are the nests made of twigs, leaves and other things assembled into a structure, often in a shrub or tree. As you have probably noticed, woven nests take on a huge range of shapes and sizes. The nest of a

hummingbird is not much bigger than a large acorn cup. Bald Eagles build huge, sprawling, jumbled platforms of twigs and branches. Orioles construct delicate hanging baskets. The Ovenbird builds a domed nest with a side entrance, looking like a tiny oven, and camouflages the roof with leaves. Every species of bird that weaves a nest does it in a specific and characteristic style that is hardwired into the bird’s DNA. Experts (of which I am not one!) can determine the likely species of just about any nest from its manner of construction and placement. Some birds prefer a shrub within a few feet of the ground; others like to be high in a tall tree. Our ubiquitous Carolina Wren will build its sprawling nest in just about any nook or cranny and shows little fear of people. We have found wren nests in bicycle helmets and on the bumpers of long-parked cars. Cavity nesters are also quite numerous. Only a few of the birds that nest in cavities in trees actually excavate their own nests, just the woodpeckers and nuthatches. Most cavity nesters instead hunt down an existing cavity. These are often old woodpecker holes, but they might also be naturally hollow trees and knotholes. And there are large numbers of human-made, potential nesting cavities. This includes birdhouses, of course. But it also includes gaps under the eaves of your house, broken gutter spouts, uncapped vents and loose pieces of siding. The best way to keep birds (especially starlings and house sparrows) from nesting inside your house is to close up these accidental cavities! Now we come to some of the more exotic locations that birds place their nests. A small number of birds drawn from a wide range of different types are cliff nesters. Some of the most numerous cliff nesters around here are Phoebes and the Barn and Cliff Swallows. Like many cliff nesters, Phoebes find a preexisting small ledge and build a loosely woven nest on top of it. The feral Rock Pigeon has a similar nesting strategy. In contrast, the swallows construct mudand-straw daub nests attached di-

rectly to the side of the cliff. Barn Swallows make an open-topped cup, while Cliff Swallows build an enclosed igloo-like structure. All four of these common cliff nesters now mostly use man-made cliffs for their nests. Bridges are especially favored, with their variety of materials and textures and their protection from the rain. Over the next few months, you will often encounter swarms of swallows around favorite bridges. They will also nest on buildings. Phoebes and Barn Swallows particularly like barns and sheds, and Rock Pigeons love window ledges and other narrow perches in the centers of towns and cities. Before they became a worldwide nuisance, wild Rock Pigeons lived on rocky ocean cliffs and rugged mountains in Europe and North Africa. Another common local bird lies somewhere between the cliff and cavity nesters. Chimney Swifts once nested in colonies inside large hollow trees. When European settlers began building stone chimneys in North America, the swifts quickly abandoned the trees and moved into these new structures. They now nest exclusively in chimneys and similar man-made items. They glue their nests to the insides of the chimneys with saliva. Among our local Tennessee birds, one of the most infrequent nesting strategies is the underground burrow. As I mentioned last month, only two common middle Tennessee birds routinely nest in burrows, the Belted Kingfisher and the Rough-winged Swallow. This is a more common strategy for many seabirds that spend most of their

lives on the open ocean. Many of them nest in burrows on remote oceanic islands, where there historically were no mammals, snakes, lizards or other ground-based predators to raid their nests. The accidental introduction of rats to many of these islands has made life difficult for these seabirds. Finally, there are the birds that build no nest at all for their eggs and young. Many ground nesting birds like ducks and geese actually build a shallow nest out of dead vegetation to hold their eggs. But some birds simply lay their specklecamouflaged eggs right on the bare ground. This strategy is most common among birds of the ocean and seashore, laying their eggs directly on beaches, gravel bars and rocky ledges. In our area. Killdeer are one of the most conspicuous of these. I have found Killdeer eggs sitting on the shoulder of busy roads. The Common Nighthawk lays its eggs directly on the flat roofs of buildings. Whether they nest on the bare ground or in the top of the tallest tree, this is the most critical time of year for our wild birds and their prosperity. Please respect them and do not disturb their nests or young! Bill Pulliam got started in bird watching by his junior high science teacher in 1974, and has been an avid birder ever since in 48 U.S. states and 7 foreign countries. He is currently the Tennessee editor for eBird, a online project that compiles millions of observations from tens of thousands of birders around the world.

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27 .


A Time For Learning, Laughing, Loving And Living Well

By Cassandra Warner

Cassandra Warner


iving well is one of the many blessings of having a garden. As you really learn all the wonderful benefits of gardening, your love and passion for it grows even more. Here are a few of my favorite garden quotes. “The greatest fine art of the future will be the making of a comfortable living from a small piece of land.” - Abraham Lincoln “Essential advice for the gardener; grow peas of mind, lettuce be thankful, squash selfishness, turnip to help thy neighbor and always make thyme for loved ones.” - Unknown “Gardening is cheaper than therapy and you get Tomatoes.” - Unknown “You can bury a lot of troubles digging in the dirt” - Unknown “God made rainy days so gardeners could get housework done.” - Unknown “To forget how to dig the earth and to tend the soil is to forget ourselves.” - Mahatma Gandhi “For all things produced in a garden, whether of salads or fruits, a poor man will eat better that has one of his own, than a rich man that has none.” - John Claudius Loudon, Scottish Botanist (1783-1843) “We come from the earth, we return to the earth and in between we garden.” - Unknown “An addiction to gardening is not all bad when you consider all the other choices in life.” - Unknown “There can be no other occupation like gardening in which, if you creep up

behind someone at their work you would find them smiling.” - Mirabel Osler “He who plants a garden plants happiness.” - Proverb “Life begins the day you start a garden.” - Chinese Proverb “Why try to explain miracles to your kids when you can just have them plant a garden.” - Robert Brault “Many things grow in a garden that were never sown there.” - Thomas Fuller, Gnomologia, 1732 “The first super market supposedly appeared on the American landscape in 1946. That is not very long ago. Until then, where was all the food? Dear folks, the food was in homes, gardens, local fields and forests. It was near kitchens, near tables, near bedsides. It was in the pantry, the cellar, the back yard.” - Joel Saltain, Folks, This Aint Normal: A Farmer’s Advice for Happier Hens, Healthier People and a Better World Maintenance

Cassandra Warner

*** So school is out now, and summer begins this month. There is always something to do out in the garden and ways to enjoy the many benefits of the garden. As parents, -Cassandra Warner grandparents and great grandparents, we can have some summer “You can grow so much more fun out in the garden with the chilthan just absolutely wonderful dren in our families to help them food in a garden. Like this, food grow up as part of our gardens. for thought, ‘To this day I cannot Of course, for the kids, you see a bright daffodil or proud gladi- sometimes have to make a game, a ola or a smooth eggplant without challenge or a sport out of some garthinking of Papa. Like his plants den chores if you are just beginning and trees, I grew up as a part of to introduce the young ones to the his garden.’” - Leo Buscaglia, Show

Cassandra Warner

“Escape to the garden often for a healthy, happy, thankful passion for living well.”

Cassandra Warner

Them The Garden Path

*Keep new transplants well watered until they are well established. *Weed it and reap. *Pinch off or prune suckers from tomatoes (you might “sucker”the kids in on that one). *Keep everything well mulched to conserve moisture and control weeds. It’s very important to keep tomatoes mulched to help reduce fungal spores spreading from water splashing on the ground. *When asparagus harvest is finished, apply a high nitrogen fertilizer. Some natural choices are cottonseed meal, fish emulsions, blood meal or well composted animal manures. Remember, if rainfall is not sufficient, keep the asparagus bed watered well through the growing season for a good harvest next spring. *When strawberry harvest is over, if the weather is dry, water once a week to increase the next year’s yield, as this is the time cell count of fruit buds is determined. *Thin orchard fruit one fruit per 6-8 inches of branch. *Deadhead annuals and perennials to keep them blooming.

concept of growing food instead of driving through at McDonald’s for it. It can be a real shock for them. I like to include some fun garden art for the kids to discover, then let them help make or find a place out in the garden for their art. Letting them help make markers for plants and putting them out can help them learn what the different plants are. It can be fun for the kids to have their own specialty garden of veggies they like most, a secret garden or a fairy garden. Any way you can get them involved Planting in gardening could be the start of *Summer annual flowers. something wonderful in their lives. *The heat will be on in June.

29 .

Cassandra Warner

Encourage children to enjoy the garden by giving it an artist touch.

If you haven’t planted those heat loving crops, get them in before the end of June. Summer squash, zucchini, cucumbers, melons, tomatoes, peppers, eggplant, okra, green beans, lima beans, herbs such as basil, marjoram, chives, oregano, thyme and sage. *Continue to make succession

Idea for Dad This Father’s Day Or Any Day

Cassandra Warner

plantings of crops such as green head and the plant will continue to beans, carrots, chard, beets, cilan- produce small but tasty side shoots. tro, turnips, kohlrabi, Chinese cabbage, mesclun and lettuce. Select Healthy Raspberry heat resistant varieties like Black Leaf Tea Seeded Simpson, Yugoslavian Red Harvest raspberry leaves to and Buttercrunch. make red raspberry leaf tea. Use one heaping teaspoon of cut or Harvest powdered raspberry leaves into a *Strawberries, bush beans, letteacup. Fill the cup with boiling tuce, salad onions, peas, early potadistilled water, cover and let stand toes, radish, spinach, chard, brocin a warm place for five or ten mincoli, spring cabbage, kohlrabi and utes. Strain and drink it while it is asparagus. very warm. *As the asparagus harvest Both raspberry leaves and bercomes to an end, let the thinner ries contain a very wonderful citrate spears (those smaller than a pencil) or iron. It is upon these God-given grow into ferns. If the ferns start to formulas that the body depends for fall over, the crowns could be damthe remarkable blood-making and aged. You can set bamboo canes regulating properties (astringent at the corners of the asparagus bed and contracting action on interand tie twine around them to hold nal tissues and membranes). The them up. leaves also contain pectin and other *When harvesting lettuce or organic acids, calcium, potassium cabbage, leave a few leaves around chloride and sulfate. Medicinal acthe bottom of the stalk where you tion and uses of raspberry leaf tea cut it, and it will produce more are astringent, tonic, hemostatic, smaller heads. antiseptic, anti-abortifacient, par*When it is firm and tight beturient, anti-gonorrheal, anti-leufore it starts to make yellow flowcorrheal and anti-malarial. With ers, harvest the central broccoli this description of a simple herbal tea, can you now doubt why it is

Tennessee Strawberries

so good for mankind? In Ezekiel 47:12 we are told “...and the fruit thereof shall be for meat, and the leaf thereof for medicine.” Recipe Source: “Herbal Home Health Care” by Dr. John R. Christopher. Originally from Texas, Cassandra Warner is a transplant to the garden of Tennessee. Gardening has been one of her passions for forty years. “Gardening connects you to the miracle of life and provides healthy exercise and stress relief.”

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Doing What is Right

ewbold, when are you gonna get in touch with your dad issues?” Mike badgered me with a bit of a southern twang in his tone. “What dad issue?” I argued. “I don’t have any dad issues. My father was never around when I was small and he By Charles E. died when I was Newbold, Jr. fourteen. I don’t have any feelings one way or the other. Nothing’s there.” Weeks later, I realized having no feelings at all was my dad issue. Soon thereafter, the Lord began to heal my “father wound.” What the Lord showed me about myself and His will for husbands and fathers began to do its work in me. This eventually resulted in a book I published titled, In Search of Dad: Calling Forth the Dad Within the Man. The central theme of the book states that the dad is a supernatural, transcending power that flows from Father-God, enabling us, as men, to be godly fathers to our families. The material in this book is intended to call forth that dad power within every dad seeker. Chapter 18 is titled, “A Man Who Does What is Right.” Here are a few excerpts: “We [dads] have a responsibility to God to find out to the best of our abilities what is good and right. Many of us do not know what is good and right because it has not been modeled for us. Yet, good models are still around, and we have our heavenly Father who is our perfect model. We can still learn. “James 4:17 informs us: ‘Therefore to him who knows to do good, and does it not, to him it is sin.’ It is one thing to know what is right and quite another to do it. We do

the right thing regardless of how we feel about it, regardless of our energy level. “Doing what is right as the dad is the act of laying down our selfcenteredness for the wellbeing of others. This is agape-love. Agape is the resource of God’s own life within us that is made available to meet the legitimate needs of others. It is living selflessly in relationship with others. “The dad is parented to maturity by exercise, by doing what is right in every situation. There is a saying among addicts and codependents in recovery, ‘We cannot think ourselves into right action; we have to act ourselves into right thinking.’ To the best of our ability, we do the right thing regardless of our thoughts and feelings; and, at the same time, we give room for Father-God to bring us to that place where the dad becomes the natural thing we do. “The time is now to catch the wind of God’s Holy Spirit who is teaching men everywhere what is right. He is giving us the love, courage, power, and desire to do it. And, in the course of doing what is right for our children, we will model what our children are to become. They will grow up with a portrait of the dad imprinted in their spirits.” Man-up, dad! If you want the outcome to be right, then do what is right in the sight of God. Make every day Father’s Day by allowing your sails to get caught in the wind of the Holy Spirit that is stirring today as promised in Malachi 4:5-6 where “the spirit of Elijah will turn the hearts of the fathers to the children, and the hearts of the children to their fathers.” Charles Elliott Newbold, Jr. has served as pastor, teacher and is an author calling forth Christians to live the laid-down life for Jesus Christ. He and his wife, Nancy McDonald Newbold, live in Knoxville, Tennessee, where Charles continues his writing.

33 .

Cerebral Meanderings

My Favorite Words and Realities and Why (PG-13)


ffiliated - To whom or what you are affiliated reveals your character. I choose to be unaffiliated. So neither you nor I have clear understanding of who the hell I am. Weirdo - A designation that is significantly proliferating in our spinning-out-of-control world. Dumb-ass - Same as weirdo. Bird Dog - The term conjures magical memories of crackerjack pointers pursuing the wily quail through forest and field. I have been blessed with my share of exceptional, hunting, canine companions. Progeny - Children and grandchildren. A lifetime of perpetual, melodramatic moments. But how can you not love them? Parents, stepparents and Mother-in-law - I desire to be a blessing to my children as much as my patriarchs and matriarchs are to me. Salvation - Definitely a favorite reality even though I am sometimes

a “doubting Thomas.” But I remind myself of who I was before being saved and the “new man” transformation after becoming a believer. Then I doubt less. My wife - More of my salvation. Infidel - Don’t you just love it? Hearing a wacko jihadist say it gives me a warm, fuzzy feeling all over. Sushi - I hope there is sushi in the afterlife. Big Adventure - Always looking for one. Americans are fortunate to have countless, extravagant opportunities. Floating - You are either born of dust or water (actually, I made that up). However, I prefer 2 parts hydrogen, 1 part oxygen in ginormous quantity. Ironically, man, who is created from dust of the earth, needs baptismal water for cleansing away worldly grime. Truth - What can trump valid, bona fide, indisputable veracity? Trust - Not much of it around. If you find some, latch on to it.

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Confabulation - Simply means formal conversation: Done in accordance with rules of convention or etiquette; characterized by more elaborate grammatical structures and more conservative, technical vocabulary (Google). The opposite of confabulation would be bullshit. Bullshit - Empty chatter from individuals who are not prone to listening, are self serving and know nothing about what they are talking 90 percent of the time. Eight percent of the time, their mouth is full

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of food while still yammering, and for the remaining two percent of the time, they have their mouths shut. However, scientists still are not sure why once in a blue moon they say nothing. Research has proven though, there still is no brain activity during the fleeting moments of silence. Father to four and best friend to Becky Jane for 26 years, Shane Newbold lives life to the fullest birdwatching, fishing, motorcycling and enjoying his family.


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