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Validity Always Local

Wellness for Life!

Citrus Salad Recipe Inside!

February 2017 Complimentary


The Hudson’s New Life & New Home Jimmy D. Dugger.com Vice President Accredited Buyers Representative Certified Realtor Institute Certified Builder Specialist Senior Real Estate Specialist Certified Sales Professional Certified Premier Property Specialist Master Business Administration e-PRO Office Fax: 931-540-8006 E-Fax: 931-572-1353 E-Mail: JimmyD@JimmyDDugger.com

1118 Nashville Highway Columbia, TN 38401 JimmyDDugger.com

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2016

www.LAWRENCEBURGMARINE.com Validitymag.com

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Table of Contents

Inside this issue of

Validity

Hospitality

By Cari Marye Griffith

“Why cook for two when you can invite friends and neighbors? Page 7

La Dolce Vita (The Sweet Life) in Columbia

An Italian cuisine inspired fundraiser including chocolate, chocolate, chocolate. Page 9

A Quilting Mission By Melissa Wickline

February 2017

Gloria Jones continues a southern art form bringing comfort to others. Page 10

Vol. 7, Issue 2

Heart Healthy By David Huneycutt, M.D.

Baby steps in three areas make more difference then you think. Page 11

Ear Infection FYI

The Paper Queen

By Mark Whitehead, PA-C

Page 16

And preventive measures too!. Page 18

From kitschy to kinda classy, Artist Nicole Lewis re-purposes vintage wallpaper with cool finds.

Technology Report By Cody Newbold

February typically brings fitness resolution fails. Let these apps keep you on track staying fit. Page 19

Stength & Beauty By Allyson Tenison

Not mere words for who you really are. Page 20

Dementia and Caregivers By Lee Wilson

The failing of one’s mind also adversely affects the caregiver. Page 29

In Every Issue: Validity Recipes By Katie Taylor and Cari Marye Griffith

Soup, salad and Morning Glory Muffins. Page 12

Ask A Lawyer

Ornithology Report

By Landis Turner

By Bill Pulliam

Moonlighting Pistol Whipping Crook?

50 common birds, part 6.

Page 22

February Book Review By James Lund

This life I Live by Rory Feek. Page 21

The Believer’s Walk

By Cassandra Warner

By Charles Newbold

Validity Magazine, Published 12 times per year, monthly, Vol. 7, Issue 2 POSTMASTER: Send address changes to Validity Magazine, P. O. Box 516, Hohenwald, TN 38462-0516. Address Service Requested. Subscriptions are available on an annual basis at $20 per year. Mail check or money order to: Validity Subscriptions, P.O. Box 516, Hohenwald, Tennessee 38462.

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Reality Perspective, Page 5 Lookin’ Back, Page 28

When loving yourself benefits everyone.

Unconscionable Cogitation, Page 30

Page 28

Page 23

Validity Magazine is published monthly in Hohenwald, Tennessee. Validity Magazine reserves the right to edit editorial and advertising submissions for appropriateness of the publication. Reproduction of any part of Validity Magazine without permission of the publisher is prohibited. Distribution of this magazine does not constitute an endorsement of information, products or services. Views expressed in Validity Magazine do not necessarily represent those of the publisher. Every effort has been made to insure accuracy of the publication contents. However, we do not guarantee the accuracy of all information nor the absence of errors and omissions. Publishers Notice: All real estate advertised herein is subject to the Federal Fair Housing Act, which makes it illegal to advertise “any preference, limitation, or discrimination because of race, color, religion, sex, handicap, familial status, or national origin, or intention to make any such preference, limitation, or discrimination.” We will not knowingly accept any advertising for real estate which is in violation of the law. All persons are hereby informed that all dwellings advertised are available on an equal opportunity basis.

From The Publisher, Page 5 Page 26

February Gardens February is the garden wish-list time of year.

Also in this Issue:

Publisher Becky Jane Newbold, info@validitymag.com, 931-628-6039 Managing Editor Shane Newbold, info@ValidityMag.com, 931-628-6039 Contributing Writers, Bill Pulliam, Cari Marye Griffith, Cassandra Warner, Charles Newbold Jr., Cody Crawford, James Lund, Katie Taylor, Landis Turner Contributing Photographers, Cari Marye Griffith, Cassandra Warner, Katie Taylor

Our Mission Validity Magazine exists to reflect rural lifestyles of rural communities along the Natchez Trace Parkway in both storytelling and photo journalism. This local publication is designed to promote positive life experiences by delivering authentic, relevant content on healthy living, nature, outdoors, technology, gardening, entertainment and travel to the people who enjoy the small town experience.


From The Publisher

local Heathlful living

E By Becky Jane Newbold

ach February, the focus is health and wellness here at Validity. Often, New Year resolutions are a distant good intention by this time. But let’s face it, wellness, both spiritual and physical, is at the heart of a happy life. We searched high and low and found lots of locals who

excel in their fields. These fine folks include doctors, fitness gurus, artists and just all around smart people, Not to say this region in south central Tennessee is a microcosm of all wisdom and knowledge, but, after reading their work, we realize we do know several brilliant people! Fake news abounds online,

and we at Validity set out more than five years ago to bring authentic and relevant content to you. Thank you for supporting our mission. We never tire of expressing our appreciation to all who help us keep doing our job. Every time you share Validity, and every time you purchase advertising space, you are supporting local jour-

nalism, playing a significant role in keeping it real and supporting a local, small business. By the way, as a special bonus this month, we even included chocolate (page 9) because who doesn’t feel better when sweetened cocoa is flirting with your taste buds? Enjoy!

Reality Perspective

Another Life Lesson From Preschoolers

Find Validity in 9 Tennessee Counties! www.validitymag.com/find-validity

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he grandkids, ages 3, almost 4 and almost 5, were here for a January weekend. If you are annoyed by another grandkid story, then turn the page and drool over some of Katie’s and Cari’s recipes. Everything was normal, the kids screamed and yelled and whined and By Shane Newbold fought over toys. So, we packed some food, donned cool weather garb and headed to the land we recently purchased to do some creek stomping. No toys made the trip. After running in and out of the cabin for at least an hour, we secured some appropriate “wee tyke” sized walking sticks, and the adventure ensued. Then, a quarter mile ride in the truck bed with Mimi Jane culminated with a walk to the creek. Up and down hills, through springs seeping onto the fourwheel drive roadbed, over rocks, under trees, the tiny globe trekkers

cautiously traversed a safe, (almost) non-prickly course through the brambles. Instantly, after arriving at the creek bank, the water became a thrashing mill. The kids’ walking sticks wielded as weapons on the helpless, crystal clear pools. Of course, rocks were also chucked into the now murky stream. Mimi Jane and I, obviously, protected our respective persons at a distance from flailing walking sticks and stones hurled in unintentional misdirections.

The trek back to the truck was an awesome adventure. It only covered less than a half a football field, but you would have thought we had gone to Alaska and back. Never a whine or cry or fit except the occasional blackberry-vineprick complaint. No toys to fight over. Helping each other cross nature’s obstacles. Enough sticks and rocks for a thousand kids. Maybe all of us adults should head to field and forest, gather ourselves some stout, bark-stripped staffs and go thrash in a creek. Think we would fight less? “For Service You Can Depend On”

CommerCial business Trucking • Life • Medicare

Stevens Insurance Agency 102 North Court St. Hohenwald, TN 38462 email: sia1978@bellsouth.net

Rick StevenS Cell: 931-209-5184

Phone: 931-796-1978 Fax: 877-761-4250 Validitymag.com

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Food For All

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How Food For All Dinner Club Nurtured Friendships and Healthful Good Vibes By Cari Griffith

Cari Marye Griffith

A

s an introvert, the thought of spending four nights a week in someone’s home with over 25 friends and neighbors seemed daunting and exhausting. I knew several people involved, including Katie Taylor, another Validity contributor, so I decided to take the plunge and give it a try. After five years of wonderful meals, meaningful conversation and support, and a whole lot of laughs, it turned out to be one of the most rewarding experiences of my life. Food For All, a dinner co-op in Jackson, Tennessee, was founded around the idea that food is best when shared, and true community is fostered when people are willing to make others a part of their daily routines. Around 25 people, plus more than a few children, made a commitment to share dinner together at a different family’s house four nights a week. The schedule is on a six week rotation, which requires each group to cook for everyone three times every six weeks. The wheels of Food For All are kept turning by the organizational skills, dreams and gumption of Lisa Garner. Through her creativity, hard work and dedication to her neighbors, she helped lay the groundwork for the community and acts as an administrator of sorts to keep things functioning. The group has grown and changed with the inevitable ebb and flow of a college town, so there are always sad good-byes and new beginnings around every corner. But that doesn’t change the ethos of the mission to share meals together. With each new addition, the community shifts towards welcoming them in their own way. It’s a beautiful model for fellowship, but also a very sustainable model for healthy living. The meals we shared together weren’t your standard southern casseroles with

a heaping side of canned green beans. We all had a similar commitment to wholesome, filling and vibrant food, each preparing meals in our own way. We had meals that rivaled the best restaurants in town, because, in my completely biased opinion, we had some of the best home cooks in the whole city. Beth can effortlessly whip up a pasta dish

Hospitality: An openness of heart, a willingness to make one’s life visible to others, and a generosity of time and resources.

~ Christine Pohl

that will always comfort your soul. Anna’s Indian night is not a day you want to miss, and you definitely always made sure you were around for Keely and Aaron’s crepe night. The first Brussels sprout I ever tried was at Lisa’s house and my life was changed for the better. Each family had their own unique meals that became crowd favorites, and I can

vividly imagine the delight we had in eating what our friends had prepared. Many of the healthy recipes my husband and I make every day came from meals we shared at Food For All. Once my husband and I moved to Nashville, I realized how much having those four meals to rely on each week saved us both financially and nutritionally. Creating a full, healthy meal for only two people turned out to be more of a challenge than I anticipated. When you grow accustomed to cooking for 25, scaling down is harder than the initial challenge of cooking for a crowd. Being a part of Food For All for those five years has made hospitality the posture of our lives. Why cook for two when you can invite friends and neighbors and share the bounty? It has taken away the sense of personal privacy that is increasingly prevalent in our society. With fences, security systems, privacy blinds and deadbolts being crucial to the protection of our homes, it often results in a sort of protective environment that can be hostile to community. The more we open our homes to others, the brighter and friendlier our world becomes. Yes,

sometimes that does come at a cost, like that antique vase you loved that was just knocked off the shelf by a very excited five year old, but I have never once regretted opening my home to others. It helped me to channel my sometimes crippling social anxiety and use it to encourage, support and empathize with those at my table. The dinner co-op model doesn’t have to start on such a large, weekly scale, it could be as simple as a once a month dinner club. A small group of Jackson folks who have found their home in Nashville have started a Food For All of their own that is only on Sunday evenings. Even now, as we join in this new community of folks, and share meals together, we see evidence that this model of community works. It creates a healthy environment, not only in terms of the food we eat, but also of how we love our friends and neighbors. Christine Pohl in her book Making Room said that hospitality “requires an openness of heart, a willingness to make one’s life visible to others, and a generosity of time and resources,” which sums up the beauty of one of the many lessons Food For All taught us.

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Cocoa Bella 2017 Celebrates La Dolce Vita, the Sweet Life!

art show highlighting inspiring ton, Veterinary Wellness Clinic creations from each grade level. of Columbia, Dr. Jonathan A strolling musician mingling Pettit, Mid-TN Bone and Joint among guests will complete the Clinic, Lumberyard Gardens and Buckhead Coffeehouse. evening’s ambiance. Tickets may be purchased Bird houses and wind chimes, plants and planters, lawn tools online via Facebook @Cocoaand equipment are anticipated Bella2017 or at the door. For ticket information or to to be part of the items available during a lawn, garden and obtain information on makoutdoors auction. “Some of ing a tax deductible donation, the most popular items in prior contact auction co-chair LeAnn years have been the group artis- Kaylor through the school office tic creations from each class and by calling 931-388-0556. Cocoa Bella benefits Agaunique items like a mosaic birdbath, barn quilt and reclaimed thos Classical School, a classigarden bench,” organizers add. cal Christian school that serves “Bidding is spirited, often quite grades pre-K through 12. To entertaining, and a big part of learn more, visit AgathosSchool.com. the evening’s fun!” Guests often aug& ment the theme with & present... their dress, and or&& present... ganizers indicate this present... present year’s event “would present... be a perfect occasion to sport Italiandesigned attire or anything of which Sophia Lauren would approve.” Fin�Choco�a�� Choco�a�� Tas�ın� Tas�ın� &Auc�ıo� Fin� &Auc�ıo� Generous support A A from the community A Fin� Choco�a�� Tas�ın� &Auc�ıo� Saturday, March1111 makes Cocoa Bella Saturday, March possible. First Ten- Saturday, 8:30 PM 6:00 PM until 11 until 8:30 PM 6:00 PM March nessee Bank leads as The Memorial Building PM until Building 8:30 PM The Memorial 2017’s title sponsor. 6:00 308 West 7th St. Additional sponsors The Building West 7thTennessee St. 308Memorial Saturday, March 11 Columbia, include Lucas OrthoWest 7th St. 308 Columbia, TennesseeDr. Jonathan Pettit dontic Group, Beck 6:00 PM until 8:30 PM Dental Care, McE- Columbia, Tennessee Dr. Jonathan Pettit Building The Memorial wen Group, Dr. and Linda Norton Dr. Jonathan W Pettit &A Mrs. Thomas Quinn, West 7th St. 308 Linda Norton Paul Varney Conand Mrs.&Thomas Quinn WDr.HATLEY ASSOCIATES struction, Whatley Columbia, Tennessee $40 per Individual/$60 WHATLEY & ASSOCIATESper Couple & Associates, State Dr. and Mrs. Thomas Quinn on Facebook @CocoaBella2017 Tickets available Farm – Linda NorDr. Jonathan Pettit

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Cocoa Bella ‘17

A

fundraiser for Agathos Classical School celebrates La Dolce Vita, “the sweet life,” at Cocoa Bella 2017 in downtown Columbia. The event is slated to begin at 6 p.m. Saturday evening, March 11, 2017 at the Memo-

rial Building in support of the school with chocolate tastings and shopping. “This year’s event will provide an atmosphere reminiscent of an outdoor Tuscan café and market,” organizers say. Occurring on the eve of spring, an auction will feature a variety of lawn, garden and outdoors items. An Italian inspired menu will consist of a mouth-watering array of savory foods to include garlic sautéed shrimp with chocolate sauce, chocolate pepper steakhouse crostini, caprese salad with chocolate balsamic vinegar and olive tapenade. Guests may also enjoy sampling a variety of sweet treats such as Ricotta toast, tiramisu, Italian cream cake balls, raspberry truffles, Kahlua truffles and mini cannoli. Buckhead Coffeehouse will provide coffee and hot chocolate. Chef Mark Slagle of Nashville returns this year to guide guests through a sampling of fine Italian-made chocolates and Italian sparkling water. A truffle table featuring assorted truffles and bon bons from sources both near and far will complement a student

A Fin� Choco�a�� Tas�ın� &Auc�ıo�

Linda Norton

HATLEY

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Dr. and Mrs. Thomas Quinn per Couple $40 per Individual/$60 available on Facebook @CocoaBella2017 Tickets$40 per Individual/$60 per Couple

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fine Dining $40 per Individual/$60 per Couple & spiritsTickets available on Facebook @CocoaBella2017 (931) 363-1333 Tues - Sat. 5 p.m. - Close

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QuiltPox

Highly Contagious. No known cure.

Q

uilts are as culturally significant as any Southern art form and as uniquely individual as the person constructing them. My mother makes beautiful quilts, as did her mother, and hers before. And I confess, that family tradition stopped with my mom. But as an admirer and lover of all the quilts passed down to me, I can’t think of a more beautiful heirloom to inherit from those who came before you, than a handmade By Melissa quilt. Wickline Growing up in rural Mississippi, I recall sleeping nestled in a feather bed underneath several pounds of quilts. This whole act was a ritual of sorts, and I don’t know anyone who did it any different than the rest of us kids on a cold, winter morning. You would awake at the crack of dawn, careful to budge from the perfect burrow you’d made in the mattress. It really wasn’t that difficult; the weight of the quilts assured you weren’t going too far without a struggle. Once you’d mustered the courage to brave the room’s frigid temperature and make a mad dash for the wood stove, you’d roll out from under those quilts and run for your life, turn your backside to the heat source, and let the warm fire do the rest. After your pajamas had reached the point of just scorched, you’d plop down on the couch to feel the hot fabric against your legs. Sheer bliss. When I discovered Hohenwald native and professional quilter, Gloria Jones, and her wonderful studio, it reignited a love for the time-honored tradition and beauty of quilting. “How did this all begin for you

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you?” I asked. “Growing up, my mother sewed for other people. I had to learn to sew for myself, because she didn’t have time to sew for me. I took classes and learned the art of making clothes. When I finally stopped doing craft shows for American Girl Doll clothing, women’s clothing, garment bags and hand bags, I finally had time to devote to the art of quilting. I quilted about 19 quilts by hand, but I knew if I were to do many more of them, I would need a big machine. When my husband passed away, I got the big quilting machine. I also branched

a comfort animal that’s been in church when they are unable to attend. This is my ministry, and anything you do for the betterment of other people is a ministry for the glory of God,” says Gloria. I asked Gloria how being a pastor and her passion for quilting go hand and hand? “I have been a lay minister, Hospice Chaplin, taught lay training in the Tennessee Conference and pastored a church, but when you make a quilt, it becomes a story. Why did you put this here or add that there? So much heart goes into making a quilt. Again, all to the glory of God.” Gloria can quilt your top and finish your binding if you have a quilt in need. She can write names on your quilt, teach classes, make unique designs or tackle most any quilting problem you might have. If there’s something she can’t do, she’ll let you know up front. As far as quilting restoration out into doing quilts for others all over the country,” Gloria said. Gloria is pastor of East Hickman United Methodist Church in Lyles, Tennessee. I was particularly moved by a ministry in her church when she shared with me how it began. “I recently read an email from a group of quilters in Amarillo, Texas, who were collecting fabric to make quilts for the people who lost their homes in Gatlinburg, Tennessee. Quilts are very comforting. My church in East Hickman makes Comfort Stuffed Animals. Bears, lambs, monkeys, etc…. We attach Bible verses and the little animals sit in the church as we read scripture and sing praise songs. When someone is in need, they receive

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goes, Gloria says that job is too tedious, and she prefers not to hand quilt. “I prefer my machine. I’m a longarm quilter, because it’s called a longarm quilting machine.” After taking a walk through Gloria’s studio, one can quickly see that fabric and quilting have long been a part of this special woman’s life. “Quilts are art, they’re practical, they’re pretty and they’re challenging. Every woman that likes quilts has a monstrous stash of fabric. The challenge is finding fabric you like, buying it and taking what doesn’t look like much and really making it beautiful. For me, that’s gratification!” You can contact Gloria for all your quilting needs at: gloriasemporium@gmail.com Melissa Wickline is a lover of historic places and funny, interesting people. She enjoys exploring and restoring old homes, art and discovering new places, cultures and food.


Three Key Changes for a

E

Healthier Heart

at better, exercise and lose weight. These are easily among the top 10 resolutions many of us make at the start of a new year. But making real and significant changes can be hard work. It often helps to have a plan that includes making small, but lasting changes that By David can eventualHuneycutt, M.D., ly build into Cardiologist a healthier lifestyle, and result in a healthier heart. So if you have already waivered on your New Year’s promises, try breaking those commitments down to smaller steps that you can easily incorporate and maintain in your daily life, and 2017 can still be your heart healthiest year yet. #1 Eat Healthier

To start, let’s acknowledge that we are what we eat. Science has clearly demonstrated that the best nutrition plan to prevent or reverse heart disease is a plant-based diet that eliminates animal products such as meat, dairy and eggs. But jumping right into a vegan diet can be quite daunting, so try taking baby steps in that direction. • Start by doing a food inventory. Is your house filled with potato chips, frozen pizzas, chocolate, cookies and sodas? If so, pack up the junk and replace it with lowfat, low-sugar alternatives. • Fill your pantry and refrigerator with whole grain foods, vegetables, whole fruit (instead of fruit juices) and lean meats such as poultry and fish. Consider substituting beans and plant-based proteins in place of meat for more meals each month. • Plan your meals. Spend a little time each weekend prepping

meals ahead, so you are not temp ted to grab a fast food burger or pizza on the way home from a long hard day. Include the whole family in planning and preparing meals, and make it a fun activity. • Try to plan meatless meals one or two days a week. There are tons of meatless meal plans and recipes available on the internet that are quick and easy to prepare, and so tasty that you might consider eating meat less often. When you do include meat on the menu, choose lean poultry or fish. Keep meat portions to 3-4 ounces per serving and round out the meal with vegetables and whole grains. • Keep washed, chopped vegetables and fresh fruit in the refrigerator for quick snacks. Gradually incorporate healthier eating into your everyday life, and don’t quit when you slip up. The standard American diet is so poor that any positive changes you make will be a step in the right direction. And healthier eating can lead to the second important change, weight loss. #2 Lose weight, feel better

Excess weight and body fat can significantly increase your risk for high cholesterol, high blood pressure, diabetes and heart disease. But just as research has found that weight gain increases risk, studies have also shown that weight loss, even in small amounts, can lead to big improvements in cardiovascular risk factors. Researchers estimate that for every 2.2 pounds of weight lost, total cholesterol levels decrease by 1 percent, LDL cholesterol is lowered by 0.7 percent and HDL cholesterol is increased by 0.2 percent. Likewise, many studies have found that losing 5 to 10 percent of body weight results in significant decreases in triglycerides, waist circumference, glucose, insulin and blood pressure. Losing excess weight can make you feel better both physically and

emotionally and can help you live a longer, healthier life. And in fact, you don’t have to lose a tremendous amount of weight to become healthier. Even a modest weight loss of 5 percent to 10 percent of your starting weight can lead to significant health benefits. A study conducted by Harvard Medical School concluded the following: • People with high blood pressure who lost a modest 10 pounds over six months reduced their systolic blood pressure by 2.8 mm Hg and their diastolic blood pressure by 2.5 mm Hg. These reductions in blood pressure were equivalent to the reductions brought about by treatment with some blood pressure medications. • Weight loss is so effective, that many people with high blood pressure can stop taking blood pressure medicine after they lose weight, for as long as they are able to keep it off. • In a study of people who were at risk for type 2 diabetes, those who lost just 7 percent of their weight and exercised about 30 minutes a day cut their risk of diabetes by nearly 60 percent Maintaining a healthy weight or focusing on lifestyle changes that lead to a 5 to 10 percent loss in body weight can play a significant role in reducing the risk of heart disease. You can begin today to make those changes with healthier eating and by adding some movement to each and every day. #3 Move More

Exercise can certainly lower your risk for heart disease, diabetes and high blood pressure, but it can also improve your mood and boost your ability to fend off infection. Over the past 50 years, hundreds of

studies have demonstrated that exercise helps you feel better and live longer. But that doesn’t mean you need to run out to purchase expensive equipment or pay for a gym membership. The most natural and effective form of exercise is walking. If you have been inactive for a while, you just need to get started, even if it is for a few minutes each day. Set a goal you can achieve today and another for tomorrow. Then work toward an overall goal of at least 30 minutes a day of brisk walking. If you are busy—like most of us— split your walks into two 15 minute periods each day. Make it enjoyable. Take the dog for a walk, or walk with a friend. Some find it motivating to wear a device that counts your steps each day, so they can challenge themselves to increase their daily steps over time. Figure out what works for you and stick to it. Before you know it, brisk walking can become part of your daily routine, and your heart will thank you for it. Additional resources for planning heart health meals include: Forks Over Knives and Prevent and Reverse Heart Disease. David C. Huneycutt, Jr. M.D. FACC is a board certified cardiologist practicing with Centennial Heart in Nashville. He is driven by his passion for helping patients attain optimum health through intensive dietary modification and encourages the adoption of a plant-based diet in the management of heart disease, hypertension and obesity. Dr. Honeycutt has been highly successful in helping patients improve their health and reduce or eliminate the need for medication through aggressive attention to nutrition. Order online at: www.cornerstonehs.com

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Validity Recipes

Lemon Basil Vinaigrette

Healthy & Delicious

1 cup high quality olive oil Juice of 1 ½ lemons (watch out for seeds!) 3 cloves garlic  4-5 large, fresh basil leaves Pinch of salt and pepper  ½ teaspoon orange zest

Cari Marye Griffith

This salad is as easy as it is beautiful. Once you have filled your favorite bowl with crisp spring mix, add the citrus, avocado and thinly sliced red onion. Sprinkle the goat cheese

Cari Marye Griffith

Recipes by Katie Taylor & Cari Griffith

Recipe, photos and food styling by Cari Marye Griffith

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Citrus Salad

2 Oranges, peeled and sliced 2 Blood oranges, peeled and sliced 1 Grapefruit, peeled and sliced ½ Red onion, thinly sliced Goat cheese  2 Avocados, sliced   Spring Mix  Pecans or almonds (optional) 

Cari Marye Griffith

T

he world always feels a little drab to me in the middle of winter, and this salad can brighten up any meal to make those feelings go away. Serve alongside a light, creamy pasta dish or your favorite steak or pork chop. ~Cari

Citrus Salad with Lemon Basil Vinaigrette


and nuts on top and you have yourself a work of food processor or mix by hand, and drizzle desired art! For the dressing, combine all ingredients in a amount over the top.

Find More

Validity Online!

Cari Marye Griffith

www.ValidityMag.com

rL You

ocal Real Estate ALLY!

Add citrus to your spring salad for a tantalizing zing

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Cari Marye Griffith

Each Keller Williams Office is Independently Owned and Operated.

Citrus Salad

I Cari Marye Griffith is a photojournalist turned urban gardener with a deep love for good food, culture and community. Her comfort zone is a cup of Earl Gray, bright morning light and far too many house plants.

Katie Taylor

s it just me, or have the cold and sniffles been going around lately? It is definitely that time of year when everyone is sick! My go-to remedy when I am under the weather is to drink plenty of water and to eat as many whole foods as possible. A healthy, brothy soup and nutritious muffins? Those will do the trick! Turn the page for Lemon Chicken Rice Soup and my Gluten-Free Morning Glory Muffins! ~ Katie

Morning Glory Muffins

Katie Taylor is a new mom, avid runner, lover of all things health and wellness. When she’s not creating a new smoothie recipe, you may find her traveling and hiking through national parks with her husband, hanging out at the dog park with their two rescue pups or trying to find the city’s best hot wings!

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13 .


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Validity Recipes

Recipes, photos and food styling by Katie Taylor

1.

2.

1. Whisk eggs. 2. Grate carrots and zucchini. 3. Combine wet ingredients with dry.

3.

Gluten-Free Morning Glory Muffins

Lemon Chicken Rice Soup

Serves 4-6 Ingredients: 4 carrots, sliced 3 garlic cloves, minced 2 tablespoons olive oil Salt and pepper, to taste 6 cups chicken or vegetable broth 1 cup wild rice 1 small bunch of fresh kale Meat from 1 cooked rotisserie chicken (or about 2 cups of shredded chicken)

2 teaspoons dried rosemary or 2 stems fresh 1 lemon, juiced Instructions: 1. In a large pot over medium heat, saute carrots in olive oil, salt and pepper. Once soft, add garlic, being careful not to burn the garlic. 2. Add broth and rice to the pot, bring to a boil, cover, reduce heat, and simmer for 30 minutes. 3. Stir, then add cooked chicken, rosemary, kale and lemon juice. Simmer a few minutes until kale wilts. Serve warm.

Katie Taylor

Lemon Chicken and Rice Soup

shredded 6 tablespoons butter, melted ½ cup maple syrup Instructions: 1. Preheat oven to 350 degrees F, and grease a muffin tin. 2. In a large bowl, combine oats, flours, spices, walnuts, and chocolate chips. 3. In a separate bowl, mix the remaining wet ingredients until well combined. 4. Add the wet ingredients to the dry, mix until just combined. 5. Divide batter into muffin tin, bake for 25 minutes until cooked through. Recipe adapted from Run Fast, Eat Slow

Morning Glory Muffins

Validitymag.com

Katie Taylor

Katie Taylor

Easy Seeded Sandwich Bread

Makes 12 muffins 1 cup gluten free rolled oats 1 heaping cup tapioca flour 1 scant cup coconut flour ½ teaspoon ground nutmeg 1 teaspoon baking soda ½ teaspoon salt 1 teaspoon ground cinnamon ½ cup chopped walnuts ½ cup semi-sweet chocolate chips (optional) 3 eggs, lightly whisked with a fork 1 cup zucchini, shredded (about 1 large zucchini) 1 cup carrots,

15 .


The Paper Queen

Nicole Lewis of Fondue Vintage with “trucker” wallpaper, circa 1970s. Lewis collects vintage wallpaper and repurposes it to custom design lampshades, switchplates and other home decor items.

said. A friend convinced her to apply to arts school and there she discovered an affinity for graphic he grew up an only child, destined to entertain herself in a grown up world, always design. Right out of college, a job in a studio crafty, artistic and occupied with scissors, taught her about production and how to deal with clients. But soon she became restless and crayons and glue. “Home decor was always my thing. I was con- found confinement to a computer all day testantly redecorating my room, repainting and re- dious. “Fantasizing about a job can be different arranging the furniture.” And sketching kitchen than actually doing it. My reprieve in the studio designs complete with details down to the cabi- was building the mock-ups for customer presennet handles and where the stove was placed, she tations,” she explained.

By Becky Jane Newbold

S

“I’ve always had a thing for paper,” Nicole commented. “Cutting and pasting. Simple and weird,” she described with a laugh. Her co-workers called her the Paper Queen, she said, because she was always ordering samples, exploring patterns and meeting with the “paper people” to talk about paper. So it came as no surprise when a couple of wall paper sample books at a barn sale spoke to her and she snatched them up. Being crafty and creative, Nicole used her favorite patterns and

With over 200 patterns, dating from 1920s to the 1980s, the collection of wall paper ranges “from kitschy to kinda classy, but awesome if your gaga for vintage!”

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covered switch plates in her New Hampshire home. “My husband and I were both amazed at how much impact they had — like miniature pieces of artwork — we couldn’t stop looking at them!” Then a chance to show off their talent at a local craft fair and promising sales on eBay were all the encouragement the couple needed. In 2004, New Hampshire winters were just no fun anymore, and Nicole and Mark began looking south for a new home. Putting their house on the market and packing up a few things, they made their way to the Nashville area and settled on a quiet little farm in Hickman County. And Fondue Vintage began gaining speed. A five dollar entry fee to the Grinder’s Switch Flea Market gave them the opportunity to make really good friends. “And we did sell some switch plates,” she added Custom switch plates, made to order. with a smile. The Renegade Craft Show in Chicago then in Brooklyn gave them a break when magazine editors discovered them and featured their work in Country Living and later in Southern Living. “I’ve always known somehow, deep down, I wanted to be self-employed. I knew I had to do something creative.” Find Fondue Vintage inside Centerville Marketplace or online at fonduevintage.com. Purchase and contact via the Etsy store. Custom Superman and Peanuts are just a few samples of whimsical and orders and home makefun patterns available at Fondue Vintage. overs available.

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931-722-5611 Validitymag.com

17 .


Shining a Light on Ear Infections “I am worried about his ears.” Many visits in my office begin with a parent saying these words. Many times, they are right. Over 80 percent of children will have at least one ear infection diagnosed before their third birthday. As a parent, I know all too well about ear pain. Why? Because when Mark Whitehad, they don’t PA-C sleep, we don’t sleep. Right? But, why do young children get so many ear infections? I mean, as adults, we rarely get them. What makes children so prone to them? And what can we do to prevent these painful infections?

The problem with our kids’ ears lies with their Eustachian tubes. These are the small tubes that connect the middle ear to the back of the throat. In young children, these tubes are horizontal. The issue with this is that fluid does not drain as well from the middle ear space with the tube in this position. Much like a pond, the water becomes stagnant. And infection can take root. As children age, the Eustachian tube begins to become angled more vertically. Gravity begins to help the fluid drain away from the middle ear. This is the reason older children and adults do not get as many ear infections as young children. However, when infection sets in, antibiotics are not always the answer. Did you know that only 60 percent of ear infections are bacterial? The remaining 40 percent are

caused by viruses. In these cases, the only relief comes from pain reducers such as Ibuprofen or Acetaminophen. The key is prevention. So, what can you do to prevent your child from having ear infections? Avoid second-hand smoke. Multiple studies show that exposure to cigarette smoke makes a child more prone to ear infections. Smoke irritates upper airways, causing more mucous production which can block the Eustachian tube. Breastfeed for six months. Breast milk provides immuneboosting components that can decrease ear infections. Wash hands. Frequent hand washing prevents the spread of germs, reducing the likelihood of developing an ear infection. Limit pacifiers. One study showed limiting pacifier use to only naptime and bedtime reduced the child’s chance of getting an ear infection by 30 percent. Pacifiers should be weaned by one year of age. Avoid lying down with bottle. If a baby drinks a bottle while lying down, formula (or pumped breast-

milk) will pool in the mouth, causing fluid to flow through the Eustachian tube into the middle ear which could result in an infection. Vaccinate. It is recommended that all children be vaccinated with the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) which has been proven to decrease ear infections dramatically. Before the release of this vaccine, over 50 percent of bacterial ear infections were caused by common strains of the pneumococcus bacteria. Today, there are 20 percent less visits to doctors’ offices each year thanks to this vaccine. Unfortunately, some children continue to develop frequent ear infections despite these precautions. In these cases, a referral to an ear, nose and throat (ENT) specialist may be considered. Mark Whitehead is a board certified Physician Assistant who has worked in pediatrics since 2008 and is father to four. “I understand the responsibility when parents trust me with the care of their children. Whitehead practices with Just 4 Kids Pediatrics located in Lawrenceburg and Pulaski.

“All Your Building Needs with Fast, Friendly Service”

Welcomes Mark Whitehead, PA-C to our practice

“I am excited to join Just 4 Kids Pediatrics. In 2004, I graduated from the University of Tennessee with a degree in Microbiology. In 2007, I graduated from the Medical University of South Carolina and began practicing pediatrics. As a board certified Physician Assistant, I have worked at Columbia Pediatrics since 2008 and I love taking care of children. Being a father of four, I understand the responsibility when parents trust me with the care of their children. I am thankful for so many amazing patients and look forward to meeting many more.” ~ Mark Whitehead, PA-C

Two Locations!

326 N. Locust Ave. Suite A 910 W. College St. Lawrenceburg, TN 38464 Pulaski, TN 38478 931-762-5437 931-363-0077 Just 4 Kids is a Primary Care facility. We accept most commercial and Medicaid insurance. Always accepting new patients. .

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Fitness Apps

FIT Radio has the music you need to get through your next workout. One of the most difficult things for a lot of people is creating workout playlists that keep them motivated and don’t get boring. FIT Radio solves this problem with free workout playlists galore. A premium membership will get you more music with no ads, but the free version contains some. And you don’t have to spend hen the Econo- your precious hours putting togethmist published er your own playlist. a video stating Fitbit that 60 percent (Android, iOS, Windows Phone, web) of people give The Fitbit app, though designed up their New to be used with a Fitbit activity Year’s fitness tracker, can be used on any phone resolutions by that has internals to track steps. As February, somelong as you are carrying your phone, By Cody one posted in the Fitbit app will log your steps and Newbold the comments tell you when you need to do more section, “That’s because working out walking. You can also log your in gyms is boring.” food, water and weight, and Fitbit Most people would probably will show you your progress on the agree. Although “Lose Weight / main screen. Fitbit also makes a Healthier Eating” was the number wireless scale (the Fitbit Aria) that one New Year’s resolution made by connects to the app as well, logging people according to StatisticBrain. your weight automatically every com, the website also reported that time you weigh yourself. by month six, more than half have FitStar (Android, iOS) given up. FitStar is a personalized workout Although the first tip I would app. You begin by doing workouts recommend to keep your fitness on track is to find another motivated and rating them on how difficult person with whom to exercise, I’d they were. The app will change like to also offer potential techno- your workouts to match your fitness logical solutions. Finding a gym level. Trainers show you how to do buddy is harder than you might each move, and the workouts are think, but luckily, apps will always usually pretty short. You may buy unlimited workouts with the prebe there for you. And bonus! All of these apps are mium version, or just use the workfree to download. Some of these outs that come for free. There is also apps have been around for a while, a version of this app called FitStar Yoga with the same functionality, while some are new for 2017. but for yogis instead!

Get Over the February Hump

W

tracks your statistics and records it in your history. The Android verAlthough there are many seven- sion of this app is called Pear Interminute workout apps, this was one active Coach. of the first. The Johnson & JohnRuntastic Six Pack Abs (Android, iOS) son Official 7 Minute Workout app If you’re someone who never is one of the easiest to use, allowing knows what to do at the gym, this you to complete short workouts dai- app is for you. Runtastic Six Pack ly. You don’t even need any workout Abs allows you to select an avatar as gear to use this app. Although some your coach. Your avatar will guide of the exercises require the use of a you through training sessions that chair, most of the time all you need last days or weeks, teaching you exis seven minutes and a willing atti- ercise moves and telling you how tude. many sets and reps to do. It allows MyFitnessPal (Android, BlackBerry, iOS, you to rest between each set for 30 Windows Phone, web) seconds and tells you when to conMyFitnessPal is probably one of tinue. Choosing a higher difficulty the most popular food-tracking level will change the types of exerapps on the planet. Almost every- cises you do. one I know either uses it now or has Strava (Android, iOS) in the past. What makes MyFitStrava tracks your runs, hikes, nessPal so universal is the plethora bikes and more. Keeping a tally of foods and recipes logged by the on your distance, moving time, escommunity of users. When you timated calories and elevation gain, want to know how many calories Strava allows you to compete with you’ve just eaten, type the food into friends and strangers alike. You can the search bar, and usually there are set challenges for yourself as well. tons of results. The app also allows Strava is one of the most popular you to scan barcodes on packaged apps for runners and cylists. Alfoods you eat. You can log your though it has been around for sevweight and water intake, and best of eral years, it is still one of the best. all, you can add friends to keep you With all these apps under your on track! Add me if you’d like! My belt, you are set to succeed, even username is codyrcraw, and make into February. Don’t give up! sure to leave me a message that you read this article in Validity. Cody Newbold is a graduate stuJohnson & Johnson 7 Minute Workout (Android, iOS)

Pact (Android, iOS)

This app gives you a financial incentive to keep working toward your goals. You set up the goals you want to follow, and you get paid when you meet them. It’s just 20 cents a day for food logging and 50 cents a day for working out. There’s a catch, of course. If you don’t complete your goal (i.e. logging food on MyFitnessPal or Charity Miles (Android and iOS) checking into a gym), you get Jefit Workout (Android, iOS) Your workouts don’t have to be all Jefit targets specific muscle groups penalized a minimum of five about you! When you open this app dollars for each offense. for a cardio workout, you first select to help you tone your body at home Pear Personal Coach (iOS) a charity you’d like to sponsor. Then, or at the gym. Simply select from Pear Personal Coach is an app select what type of workout you are the pre-made workouts, or select that will recommend workouts about to do (outdoor run/walk, in- from the different exercises in the for you based on your fitness door run/walk, indoor bike). The app. For instance, when you se- needs. You enter your height, app uses the motion sensors on your lect “Abs,” the app shows you top weight and gender, then you mobile device or the GPS tracking exercises that target the abdominal fill out a fitness profile on how capability to log distance. At the muscles. Selecting “Leg Raise” will much you would like to work end of your workout, or the end of show you how to do a leg raise and out. When you click your recthe day, send your miles in to do- allow you to set a goal for yourself. ommendations, there is a list nate money to your favorite charity. No more aimless wandering around of workouts. While you are the gym – now you have a mobile FIT Radio (Android, BlackBerry, iOS) doing the workout, the app trainer. Pop your headphones in, because

f o o r P

dent at MTSU working toward a degree in computer science.

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19 .


The Beauty of Strength (or The Strength of Beauty)

D

viduals (most specifically women), I find my own definition for these two terms ever evolving, growing and expanding far beneath the superficial layer that society unceasingly tries to penetrate into not just our minds, but our fabric and very makeup. So back to the drawing board. How do we cure this epidemic? At what point do we not just say, but believe that we, ourselves, are beautiful and strong? I will never be that person to tell you that this empowered and individualized way of thinking will come easily or overnight. I won’t tell you that one day it just clicks and then you never go back to judging your worth or credibility off of that overgrown cold calculator that sits on the floor or by who or who didn’t like or comment on your last Facebook Or, are there letters that form ad- picture. And sadly, I am not going jectives, nouns or verbs that then to promise you that those you even form sentences that could ever truly love and hold dear the most will be hold hands and link together to ful- able to peel away the years of fogly and unanimously articulate these laden haze from their own eyes to two descriptive, powerful words? see the light. However, I can tell you that YOU I’m going to be flat honest with you. I believe it all lies in the eye have it within YOU to redesign of the beholder. With that said, in your way of thinking and in turn, my experience working with hun- your attitude and influence can be dreds of beautiful and strong indi- the catapult for change in more oes beauty equal strength? Does strength equate to beauty? Should your weight or outward appearance be the determinant that says “I am beautiful” or “I am strong”? I ask you to sit back for a minute and really think about these questions. How would the definition of beauty roll off your tongue? W h a t w o u l d strength look like if you could touch it… if you could put words to its edges By Allyson Tenison and depth?

Core & More class at Muletown Rec

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than you will ever have the opportunity to know or realize. That, in itself, is beautiful! Think about it. If you are constantly talking down to yourself or making remarks about how you are not “acceptable” or worth anything, then how are those closest to you supposed to feel? How are you inviting them to treat you? And even more so, what if they really look up to you, but hear and see you continually speak unkind things to yourself. What position does this put them in when they reflect on their own body or skill image? Each of us is like that of a butterfly, we have within us the ability to flap our wings and then give others the permission to flap theirs. Over time, the number of those flapping their wings has the capacity to build, grow and spread, moving mountains, causing enormous waves far out into the seas, but most importantly, creating change within the hearts and minds of our world. Proverbs 31:25 says, “She is clothed with strength and dignity, and she laughs without fear of the future.” Proverbs 31:30 says, “Charm is deceptive and beauty is fleeting, but a woman who fears the Lord is to be praised.” I am a believer. And God outlines in His word that He has clothed us with strength and with dignity and that “beauty,” as the world might view it, is ever fleeting, but the beauty that He supplies is endless and without drought. That is the kind of strength and beauty I want to possess and I pray that you take hold of as well, because it is FREE! To be clothed in something is to be wrapped up and covered in it, and God has given you that in the form of strength no matter how overweight, underweight, muscular, skinny/fat or whatever category mainstream society may say you fall under. And rest assured, the beauty you hold, if only skin deep, will most certainly disappear as the days turn into months and then years. But the beauty that He has infused in your inner-most being will not fade or wrinkle or tarnish. It will get wiser, humbler, more servanthearted and stand the test of time. “Our deepest fear is not that we

Addie and Stailee showing their muscles.

are inadequate. Our deepest fear is that we are powerful beyond measure. It is our light, not our darkness that most frightens us. We ask ourselves, Who am I to be brilliant, gorgeous, talented and fabulous? Actually, who are you not to be? You are a child of God. Your playing small does not serve the world. There is nothing enlightened about shrinking so that other people won’t feel insecure around you. We were born to make manifest the glory of God that is within us. It’s not just in some of us; it’s in all of us. And when we let our own light shine, we unconsciously give other people permission to do the same. As we are liberated from our own fear, our presence automatically liberates others.” – Marianne Williamson Allyson Brewer Tenison is the baby of six children and the aunt to almost 19. She gives her Mama Jan Brewer so much credit for her love and passion for this healthy lifestyle lead by Christ. Allyson is the owner of S.W.E.A.T. (Strength, Work, Energy, Attitude, Together) an online workout/nutrition program that teaches women how to make a healthy lifestyle their own with God’s help. She is also the Special Programs, Membership and Marketing Director at Muletown Rec in Columbia, TN, where she has the privilege of teaching Core & More. She believes if you approach anything and everything in love that you cannot go wrong!


Validity Book Review

The Story of Joey & Rory This Life I Live, by Rory Feek,

Published by W Publishing Group

M

any of you know the story, or at least part of the story, of Joey and Rory. Joey and Rory’s successful music career gained them legions of fans throughout the world. These fans came to cherish this couple that seemed to remind us of the love, faith and hope that is so often overlooked in our daily lives. Theirs would become an incredibly By James Lund touching love story heard by millions. In This Life I Live, Rory has masterfully told his story, and the way in which one woman made him a better version of himself than he had ever known or thought possible. Rory writes with a candor that allows us to understand how far Joey’s love took him in his ever-present search to become a better person. Rory gives us a deeply personal look at his past and many of the experiences that unknowingly led him directly to Joey. He tells the story of their marriage, their career, the birth of their beautiful daughter and the wretched disease that eventually claimed Joey’s physical presence. Rory tells us of his life before music, before Tennessee and before Joey. Poverty and instability were constant. Positive influences were hard to come by during that time, with Rory’s Uncle Rod being one of the few exceptions. There is a touching story of how, in Rory’s tenth-grade year, Uncle Rod set up a situation whereby Rory could purchase a guitar from a “fiddlin’ barber.” This wasn’t his first guitar, but it was the one that would give him direction. When a chapter starts with the sentence, “Did I mention that I robbed a train one time?”, you can be sure that you are in the hands of a proficient storyteller, which, I suppose, is a prerequisite for being a successful song-

writer such as Rory. I know of many songwriters who have stolen, cheated and even killed, but I don’t believe I have ever heard of one robbing a train. Willie Nelson robbed a train in a movie once, but of all the crazy things he has done, I have never heard of Willie actually robbing one in real-life, though with him still going strong at 83 years young and Amtrak still running regular routes, there’s always hope. The message of This Life I Live is one of faith, family and the power of prayer. It is a story of a profoundly deep love and the hope that we must have in the face of tragedy. It is a story of redemption and of one man’s search for a better self. It is a story that reminds us that if we tend the garden of our lives, care for it, water the good sprouts and keep out the weeds, a bounty will come that will

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not only sustain you, but allow you to share the rest. This Life I Live will be released on February 14, 2017 Valentine’s Day. You can find copies of this book at Duck River Books on the square in downtown Columbia, Tennessee, or at your favorite indie bookstore. Remember to support your local indie shops, restaurants and publications. We appreciate each one of you. James Lund, along with his wife Heather, own Duck River Books in downtown Columbia, Tennessee. A native of Nashville, James moved to Columbia several years ago to get away from crowds and promptly opened a business whose purpose is to attract crowds.

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By Landis Turner

were rumored to have a lot of money. One night three, young toughs broke into their home intending to rob them. It was true that they were rich, but, like most people, they kept their money in the bank. The robbers didn’t believe that, so they beat them without mercy, until finally Mr. Alperson found $75 dollars and gave it to them. Of course the criminals were disappointed and pistol whipped them. Finally they left. It was three o’clock in the morning. They had been in Hoss’s house for about an hour. The old couple was so exhausted from their ordeal that they lay on the floor until daylight. Then the old lady went outside and threw a sheet over a tree limb and hoped that their daughter would see it and stop to investigate. It worked. At first, the victims said they didn’t recognize their abusers. But about two weeks later, Mrs. Alperson

told the sheriff she recognized one of them as Paul Hickerson, who had been raised on a nearby farm. Paul had a good reputation, so Sheriff Parnell didn’t believer her, but she was adamant so he had to arrest Paul. The accused worked as a mechanic at the Genesco plant here in Hohenwald. Paul and his father, Marvin Hickerson, retained my senior partner, W. C. Keaton and me to represent Paul. We knew that Paul was innocent because on the night in question, he worked the night shift. The plant had a ticket machine to determine when each employee checked in or out. There was no way Paul could have gone to Perry County, committed the crime and returned without being missed. Paul was well known by the hundreds who worked at the plant, because he fixed their sewing machines whenever they were out of order. On the morning of trial at Linden, Mr. Hoss testified that he did not recognize any of the perps, because they wore stocking masks. But Mrs. Alperson said she recognized Paul as one of them. Paul and I sat at the counsel table, both of us wearing suits and ties. As Mr. Keaton cross-examined her, I noticed that the witness looked at me the whole time and never even glanced at the defendant. I wrote a note to that effect and handed it to Bill. He leaned over and asked me if I was certain and I affirmed it. So, with the

next question, he asked the witness if she were sure of her testimony. “I am sure but I’ll make certain,” she answered. With that she left the witness stand and came over to us. She leaned on our table and said, “Yes, it was you, Paul Hickerson, you should admit your guilt and take your punishment like a man. Jesus may forgive you, but I never will.” She looked at me throughout and never once looked at the accused. The judge and jury laughed at her and, of course, the judge dismissed the charges against Paul. Too bad for everyone because if the crooks were apprehended and tried there would be little chance of a conviction. After a jury found out about the testimony in the former trial, they would have no way to find guilt without reasonable doubt. That night, Bill and I went to Columbia to attend a lawyers’ function. The word had already reached there, so everyone kidded me about moonlighting as a crook who pistol whipped old ladies. This column discusses legal issues of general interest and does not give legal advice on any reader’s personal situation. The law is not a one-size-fitsall hat. Consult a lawyer of your choice. Landis Turner is a graduate of the University of the South-Sewanee and Vanderbilt University School of Law. He is a former president of the Tennessee Bar Association.


February Garden Wishes tainly been a blessing. You can rightly assume, I will miss this place, but am excited to build another. I already have many wishes and plans. As this year moves along, I will try to share the progress with you. As you build, create and visit different gardens through your gardening life, there will be many things you find that you love and want to incorporate in a new or existing garden: Trees, shrubs, flowers, herbs and vegetables that make designing gardens limitless. A four seasons strategy is important to me when I am planning landscapes and gardens. There are so many aspects that make a garden or landscape beautiful and interesting. I love having evergreens of all types. They are almost like the framing and form and a must have for me in having a lush look all year long. Most importantly, is my need to see green in the dead of winter. Other aspects of planning for gardens are the hardscapes. I love rocks! The bigger the better: Shapes, sizes, textures, balance, delicate layering, paths, borders, water features, ornaments, lighting and flower and foliage from pure white to vibrant eye popping colors. I could easily have wish list over load! But why not wish big? Some wishes do come true.

on the bird feeder to get those yummy sunflower seeds and finding the morsels of bread scattered about for them. Then, of course, the squirrels scampering here and there to get their share. At times, it looks like a zoo. The snow is beautiful and it is good for the soil. I am enjoying the snow scene out the window with red Hibiscus flowers in the foreground that are inside the room. Sitting by a roaring fire with seeds to sort through, seed catalogues fill the void to all I need (and usually more) for this year’s garden and making my garden wish list. So, I guess first on my list this year is some ground! The wonderful soil here at Cane Creek has cerValiditymag.com

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Cassandra Warner

T

he new year is already one month old. WOW! Many changes will take place as the year progresses. For me, this year will definitely be full of changes. We have sold our Cane Creek home and farm in Lewis County and will be building a new home and garden as soon as we can find the land. So right now, the weather is still a bit on the miserable side, but there is a wild flurry of activity going on in my back yard on a cold winter day: Birds flying in from By Cassandra Warner every direction lighting

Cassandra Warner


Cassandra Warner Plant Kale as early as February.

Planting

*Deciduous trees and shrubs are still dormant enough to transplant this month, but once buds begin to swell, it is too late. *Most perennials can be divided and moved until the time they begin to show new growth. *Cool season vegetables can be planted between February and the end of March: Beets, broccoli, cabbages, carrots, collards, cauliflower, kale, kohlrabi, butter crunch lettuce, iceberg lettuce, mustard greens, sweet onions, radishes, spinach, swiss chard, turnips and potatoes. *Perennial vegetables to plant now are asparagus, rhubarb, horseradish, Jerusalem artichokes and strawberries. *End of February or first part of March, start preparing to plant snow peas, English peas and sugar snap peas. Sow directly in the ground one month to one and one half months before last frost date. *Start seeds indoors for ageratum, lobelia, petunia, vinca, verbena and other slow growing plants. *Start leek and onion seeds early indoors late February or early March. If you are into recycling and reusing, try this to start onion seeds. Save some large yogurt or sour cream containers, cut some holes in the bottom, put about 3 inches of seed starter mix in them and sprinkle seeds liberally over the soil and water well. Place the container in a sunny window and keep them watered. The skinny seedlings will come up and be supported by the sides of the container as they grow up. You can easily pull apart the seedlings and set out at the right time. The seedlings will appear to be fragile but they

Snow scenes along Cane Creek in middle Tennessee.

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Pruning, A Cut In Time

*Late winter is the best time to prune most deciduous trees. Remove branches that are crossed, sprouts growing at or near the base of the trunk and any unsightly, dead or dying branches. *Wait till early summer to prune maples or birches. If pruned now, they profusely bleed sap. *Hold off pruning oaks and walnuts till early summer to avoid disease. *After the worst of winter cold has passed in late February or maybe into early March, prune fruit trees, but be sure to get it done before spring growth starts. When considering how much to prune apple and pear trees, plan for having an open framework or strong scaffold for branches. I have heard it said that you should be able to pick up the family cow and throw it through the branches of a properly pruned tree. (This method of measurement might strain your back though and upset the cow just a little.) *Peach and nectarine trees should be trained into a open vase shape early and then pruned as little as possible to maintain their shape until they begin fruiting in their Cassandra Warner

Hardscapes, aka, rocks, add texture and dimension to the garden.

Evergreens and hardscapes provide winter interest and color.

second or third season. During spring, thin by tapping off every other thumbsize immature peach or nectarine to encourage larger fruit. *Most plum trees have an upright habit that should be pruned to an arrangement with a main central vertical branch or leaders. Wider-growing Japanese plums should be trained with an open center. Thin older wood to allow more light to young fruiting spurs on the inside of the tree. As with peaches, plums can bear more fruit than the tree can adequately support. It is important for the fruit to be thinned to obtain larger fruit. Left on their own, plum trees tend to produce a crop only every other year. *Prune deciduous vines such as honeysuckle if you want to shape them. *Avoid pruning any spring flowering shrubs and trees. Wait until after flowering. *Prune hydrangeas in late winter before they wake up in spring and new growth begins or in fall as they are going dormant. Panicle hydrangeas (H. paniculata cvs) and smooth hydrangeas (H. arborenscens cvs) flower on new wood. They need to grow and set buds the same year that they bloom. The smooth hydrangea can be cut back to the ground to get bigger flowers or you can leave a frame work of old growth 18-24 inches to help support new growth to keep the stems from flop-

Cassandra Warner

Cassandra Warner

are very resilient, and will transplant nicely. *Onions are full of flavor. I love big, sweet onions and they love you back. They add such wonderful flavor to so many dishes. And a medium onion (according to studies and research done on onions and health from the National Onion Association) can supply 20 percent of your daily vitamin C, plus some folic acid, fiber, thiamine, calcium and vitamin B6. Onions also contain quercetin, a powerful antioxidant that helps prevent cancer, along with sulfur compounds in onions that health studies have shown can reduce cholesterol and lower blood pressure. A natural chemical, adenosine, can thin the blood and has recently been linked to the prevention of heart disease and stroke. These are just a few of the many health benefits that studies have shown. So you may want to add another row or two in the garden this year. If you want sweet onions in your garden, look for young onion plants in the spring or plant seeds now to have seedlings ready for spring. The onion sets you can buy only produce the pungent storage type onion. A few good picks for the south are Sweet Georgia Grown, Yellow Granex, Texas super sweet, Yellow Bermuda and Candy onion.


Cassandra’s Cane Creek home in the snow.

ping. *Remember the Big Leaf hydrangea (H. macrophylla cvs), Serrata (H. serrata cvs) and Oak leaf hydrangeas (H. quercifolia cvs) bloom on old growth and should only be pruned soon after flowering in late summer or early fall. To tidy up the look, snip the spent blooms below the flower head. To keep the shrub vigorous and producing flowers, remove the oldest woody canes at the soil line. Taking out the old canes can help produce more and larger flowers. Maintenance

*Plan to fertilize fruit trees as soon as possible after the ground thaws but before blossom time. *Remove old woody canes from roses that didn’t produce well last year. *Cut back ornamental grasses around the end of February. *Get fruit trees sprayed with dormant oil ASAP. *Remove canes from raspberries and blackberries that produced fruit last year mid to late February.

*Fertilize shrubs and evergreens. *Add to and turn compost. *Be sure to keep feeding the birds. Garden quotes

I grow plants for many reasons: to please my eye or to please my soul, to challenge the elements or to challenge my patience for novelty or for nostalgia, but mostly for the joy in seeing them grow ­­ — David Hobson Gardening is the work of a lifetime: you never finish. — Oscar-de la Renta One of the healthiest ways to gamble is with a spade and a package of garden seeds. — Dan Bennett Save some room in the garden to dance. — Cassandra Warner Fingers now scented with sage and rosemary, a kneeling gardener is lost in savory memories. — Dr. Sun Wolf If I finish my day with no garden dirt under my fingernails and nothing new learned, it is a day wasted! — Valerie Clague Laying out grounds... may be considered as a liberal

Cassandra Warner

Custom Colors for Your Home

art, in some sort like poetry and painting... it is to assist nature in moving the affections... the affections of those who have the deepest perception of the beauty of nature... — William Wordsworth I think this is what hooks one to gardening: it is the closest one can come to being present at creation. — Phyllis Theroux If you long for a mind at rest and a heart that cannot harden, go find a gate that opens wide into a secret garden. — Author Unknown On a cold, winter day, I find red flowers, red birds and a blazing red fire, and I’m in a garden-wishes state of mind. Happy Garden wishes to you and yours! Originally from Texas, Cassandra Warner is a transplant to the garden of Tennessee. Gardening has been one of her passions for forty years. “Gardening connects you to the miracle of life and provides healthy exercise and stress relief.”

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Ornithology Report

50

Common Birds

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n this month’s survey of five common birds, building towards fifty, we will mostly leave the black birds behind. We’ll start with some more of the common, smaller birds of woods, hedgerows and yards. Warblers are, in general, small birds with medium length tails, horizontal By Bill Pulliam posture and sharp pointy bills. Many warblers nest here in summer, and even more pass through in spring and fall, with a total of well over 30 species occurring in Tennessee regularly. But only one warbler graces us with its presence in large numbers in winter, the Yellow-rumped Warbler. The Yellow-rump is a mostly gray bird this time of year. It is not completely drab, having an eye ring, wingbars and a white flash in its tail. Its most conspicuous and defining winter mark is the light yellow rump spot that it flashes when it flies. Because of this, birders across the continent have nicknamed these birds “butterbutts.” This rump flash alerts other members of the flock that the bird has taken wing, just as a deer flags its white tail when it runs. Warblers in general are insect eaters, and their needle-like bills are perfect for snatching small bugs out of crooks and crannies and off leaves. But in the winter, in Tennessee, the insects are rather scarce much of the time. So like many other insectivores, the Yellow-rumps supplement their winter diet with berries. They are especially fond of poison ivy and Virginia creeper berries. Like many of the smaller birds, the butterbutt has a distinctive “chip” note. All these distinctions are hard to describe, so it is best to actually learn by listening to them. One could say the Yellow-rump chip is sharp or crisp or dry, but those words all mean different things to different people Another grayish bird with a white flash in its tail that appears in flocks around Tennessee in winter is the Dark-eyed Junco. The junco, though, is closely related to the sparrows not the warblers. It has the stubby, conical bill typical of sparrows and other seedeaters. The rest of the

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Part 6

bird is mostly slate gray with a contrasting white belly. Some juncos will have brownish or pinkish washes on their backs or sides, but they remain mostly a grayish bird. Juncos are frequently found feeding on the ground, often in lawns and on roadsides, and sometimes feeders. The junco is commonly nicknamed the “snowbird,” a name that is more suitable farther north, where the wintering Juncos and the first snows often come at about the same time in autumn. Here in Tennessee, the juncos usually arrive months before the snow, and stay through early spring. When we do get snow, though, you will often see the “snowbirds” out digging through it to get to the tasty morsels underneath it. The junco’s voice includes a distinctive, high-pitched, tinkling call. In older books you might find this bird called the Slate-colored Junco. Once upon a time, the different populations of juncos across North America were classified as separate species, but they now are considered to just be different color variations within the one, big, “lumped” species. Now we’ll move on to a larger brownish bird that might be mistaken for a big sparrow or a small thrasher, the Hermit Thrush. Its shape is a bit like a small robin, with the robin’s straight bill and medium length tail. Like the Brown Thrasher, it is brown above and spotted below, but the thrasher has a much longer bill and tail. A Hermit Thrush has a dull brown back that contrasts with a warm rusty brown tail. When agitated, Hermit Thrushes frequently flick their wings and tail and give a fairly deep “chuck” call. They are birds of thickets, especially where privet and other shrubs provide winter berries. They are also found in deep forests and sometimes in yards that have enough shrubbery to give them cover. Moving away from the woods and

hedges and out into open country, next we find the Killdeer. This bird is almost unmistakable with its dual breast bands, white underparts, tan upperparts and crisp face pattern. In flight, it reveals bold white wing stripes and a rich rusty rump and tail. This bird is named for its ringing voice, a loud “Kill-deeer” or “killdee-dee-dee-dee.” It frequently calls when it is spooked into flight. The Killdeer is our largest and most widespread plover. The other plovers are more birds of beach and mudflat, but the Killdeer also likes open fields, and even parking lots and flat rooftops. Along with its voice, the Killdeer is famous for its nesting-season behavior. It is actually generous to call what the Killdeer has as a “nest,” as it simply lays its camouflaged eggs directly on bare ground. When a threat approaches the nest, the adult pretends to be injured and cries loudly as it runs from the nest, dragging a wing. This “distraction display” draws the predator away from the nest, and as soon as it thinks it is about to catch the injured bird, the parent flies away to safety on two, perfectly good wings. Finally we return to the “dark” side for an extremely familiar bird. The American

Crow is big, black, noisy and ubiquitous. It is hardly necessary to describe this well-known beast. Crows can be found just about anywhere. Crows are among the most intelligent of birds as well. They and their close relatives have been discovered making and using tools. The crow’s cousWikipedia in, the magpie, is the only bird that has so far been shown to have the ability to recognize itself in a mirror. There are even anecdotal reports that crows may understand death, mourn and hold funerals. There is actually a second crow in Tennessee, especially near the large rivers. This slightly smaller bird is called the Fish Crow. Other than its size, it is almost identical in appearance to the American Crow. The best way to identify it is by its higher pitched, more nasal voice. It especially tends to give a two syllable call, rather than the well known one syllable “Caw!” of the American Crow. One way I have heard it explained is to ask the bird “Are you an American Crow?” If it is a Fish Crow, it will say “Unh unh!” By the time you read this, spring will likely be knocking at our door. Next month I’ll begin covering some of our common birds that are here only in the warmer seasons. Bill Pulliam got started in birdwatching by his junior high science teacher in 1974, and has been an avid birder ever since in 48 U. S. states and 7 foreign countries. He is currently the Tennessee editor for eBird, a online project that compiles millions of observations from tens of thousands of birders around the world.


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Loving Yourself

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lawyer asked Jesus a question, “Master, which is the great commandment in the law?” Jesus answered, “You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind.” Then, Jesus added, By Charles E. “And the secNewbold, Jr. ond is like it, you shall love your neighbor as yourself.” Matthew 22:35-39. (Italics mine). Have you ever wondered what Jesus meant by loving yourself? Surely He was not referring to that unhealthy self-love which is called by various other names—narcissism, vanity, self-admiration, selfobsession, conceit, self-absorption, and egotism. A self-centered person is incapable of loving the way Jesus commanded. The Greek word for “love” used by Jesus in this description is from the root word agape. My definition of agape is “the unconditional, sacrificial surrender of self—the giving up of something of self that is in the best interest of another person, even unto death” without expecting anything in return.[i] Agape is the opposite of selfcenteredness! You might want to read the definition again, more thoughtfully. Jesus defined it by saying, “Greater love has no one than this, than to lay down one’s life for his friends.” John 15:13. Then, Jesus demonstrated it by giving up His own life on the cross for us. To say, “what is in the best interest of another” keeps us from being a doormat to others. It compels us to seek the Lord to determine what is, after all, in the best interest of another, or even ourselves. It may not be what seems obvious. We must come to grip with the truth that our unredeemed, narcissistic selves are self-destructive and run contrary to the kind of life Jesus has offered us. The unloving and destructive . 28 Validitymag.com

things we can do to ourselves are numerous—overeating, addictive behaviors, hateful and unforgiving attitudes—including all manner of things the Bible calls sin! Paul revealed to us this principle: “The wages of sin is death….” Romans 6:23. We are not loving ourselves with agape love when we wallow in sin. Furthermore, we are not in a position to love our neighbors, as we ought, as long as we are slaves to this false love of self. Sin is dysfunctional and immature living. It has no rewards. It is not our friend. Sooner or later it leads to death. How, then, do we lay down our lives for what is in the best interest of ourselves? To agape-love ourselves is to allow God in Christ to give us the gift of His life eternal. It is God’s life that is made available through God’s Son, Jesus Christ. Without His life abiding in us, through faith, we are left empty. We have nothing to give of eternal value, neither to ourselves nor to others. We receive this life from Him who is life. John 14:6. Agape love of self is that peace that comes to us when we appreciate who God has made us to be in Christ—“holy and beloved.” Colossians 3:12. This knowledge should not inflate us with pride. It bathes us in humility. The good news is we can and should have a healthy, constructive love for ourselves. Once we possess that God-kind of love for ourselves, we will be in our best position to love others; perhaps, we may be unable to do otherwise. Love begets love. [i] Quoted from the book by Charles Elliott Newbold, Jr. Stepping Into the Circle of Everything that Pertains to the Kingdom of God. P. 108. Available on Amazon.com. Charles Elliott Newbold, Jr. has served as pastor, teacher and is an author calling forth Christians to live the laid-down life for Jesus Christ. He and his wife, Nancy McDonald Newbold, live in Knoxville, Tennessee, where Charles continues his writing. www. CharlesNewbold.com


Understanding the Stresses of Caring for Someone With Dementia

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aregivers who are caring for someone with dementia experience chronic daily stress which can lead to elevated hormones such as cortisol, the “stress hormone,” and reduced serotonin and other neurotransmitters in the brain, including dopamine, which has been linked to depression. The stress can reduce the body’s ability to ward off disease by compromising the body’s essential immune system. Caregivers often feel By Lee Wilson isolated and alone. This can promote depression. When a person is caring for someone with dementia, over time they witness the person they are caring for decline by stages. Each stage brings with it another loss in functioning. Caregivers experience a grief that is protracted. It is a grief that anticipates loss by degrees. Nancy Reagan increased public awareness concerning this type of grief and referred to it as “the long good bye.” Caregivers often attempt to care for their loved ones with little or no help. Caregivers often feel guilty when they ask for help. Support and help for the caregiver is not a luxury, it is a necessity. The caregiver needs to eat a proper diet and get essential sleep. Without help, many caregivers are functioning on little sleep and eating poorly. They may be neglecting their own health because of the demands of caregiving. In short, caregivers need support and assistance. It is important that caregivers have personal time for enjoyable or relaxing activities. Caregivers may even feel guilty about doing something pleasurable. For anyone experiencing depression, it is helpful to screen their thoughts. Negative and pessimistic thoughts can fuel depression. It is important for the person to engage

in activities that promote laughter, even if it is just watching a funny movie. Exercise is a good defense against depression and can elevate hormones that promote elevated mood. For the caregiver, it is essential that they reach out for support to a neighbor, a friend, a church member or co-worker. Many areas have caregiver support groups that regularly meet during the month. The caregiver may need to talk with their physician to assess if they need to be placed on an anti-depressant to help them lift their depressed mood. Caregivers need to educate themselves as much as possible to decrease all sources of unnecessary stress. No one is ever prepared for the task of caregiving. There is an understandable reason for this; no one ever predicts they are going to have to fulfill a role such as that during their life. Some care giving roles are more predictable, such as parenting. A person before carrying out this role can involve themselves in some preparation and education that will help better prepare them for the role. But as every parent knows, nothing will completely prepare you for all the challenges that you may encounter. When a person enters into caring for someone who is affected by dementia, they have had no prior anticipation of being thrust into this role. It is all too common for a caregiver to experience guilt during what may be a long and arduous journey. Every caregiver experiences guilt from asking themselves the ever present question “Am I doing it right?” Most caregivers are experiencing on the job training. They are learning through trial and error. They live with the fear of making the wrong decisions concerning the care of their loved one. When they do make a decision that seems to result in an undesirable outcome, they blame themselves unmercifully. It does not matter if the outcome had no connection to their decision, they still likely feel responsible. The person with dementia can undergo a process of radiNotes:

cal change. Their entire personality may change. They may become combative and aggressive. They may wander during the day and even through the night. They may attempt to drive or leave the home. They may become very suspicious and paranoid toward the caregiver. Caregivers often feel that somehow they did something to cause the behaviors or they believe they can do something to stop the behaviors. The caregiver can begin to feel powerless and out of control related to the course of the disease. This, of course, leaves the caregiver feeling guilty, always with a nagging sense that they should be doing something different. But they are unsure what that “something different” is. This is why education and support is so vital to every caregiver. It is important for the caregiver to begin to recognize what they do have control over, and what they do not have control over. There are approaches that can result in increased agitation with a person

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who has dementia. Dementia requires different approaches in communicating than what we are used to. Ineffective approaches can cause increased incidents of agitation. Education can help you develop effective approaches. There are language and perception barriers that can make interacting more challenging. Caregivers who are developing a better understanding of dementia reduce the stress factor in their role as caregivers, and they reduce the potential for engaging themselves on multiple guilt trips. Lee has worked for the last 30 years as a therapist to a variety of populations. His passion of the last 20 years has been working in geriatrics where he has provided dementia care training to families and to staff in nursing homes, assisted living facilities and hospitals across Tennessee. He is employed with the Senior Care Unit at Perry Community Hospital in Linden, Tennessee.

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29 .


Unconscionable Cogitation

The Involuntary Muscle

Q

uite simply, muscle governing reflex functions and not under direct voluntary control, according to Merriam-Webster. Examples of involuntary muscles, also known as smooth muscles, are the muscles of the urogenital tract, digestive tract, circulatory system and respiratory tract. Involuntary muscles are not controlled by the organism’s will. Their actions are automatic and faBy Shane Newbold cilitated by the autonomic nervous system, according to Reference.com. Praise the Lord for Google. I would be really stupid and not able to compose these continuous, authoritative columns were it not for the all knowing interweb. But sometimes one must venture deeper into the abyss of knowledge found within the cranial activity of geniuses such as myself. Google jist ain’t enuf. I believe that the gray matter between most human’s ears is infused with the same smooth muscle cells that makeup the other involuntary muscles. Allow

Follow @ValidityMag me to prove it. The tongue: 5So also the tongue is a small part of the body, and yet it boasts of great things. See how great a forest is set aflame by such a small fire! 6And the tongue is a fire, the very world of iniquity; the tongue is set among our members as that which defiles the entire body, and sets on fire the course of our life, and is set on fire by hell. 7For every species of beasts and birds, of reptiles and creatures of the sea, is tamed and has been tamed by the human race. 8 But no one can tame the tongue; it is a restless evil and full of deadly poison. 9 With it we bless our Lord and Father, and with it we curse men, who have been made in the likeness of God; 10from the same mouth come both blessing and cursing... James 3:5-10. The tongue, supposedly controlled by voluntary muscles, seems to be completely on its own not controlled by individual volition. Our tongues get us in a lot of trouble. Certainly our gray matter does not send signals to our tongue to spout the goofy things that actually come out? Is the brain unable to control the tongue? Or is the brain not able to control itself? Hence, involuntary action. An even more stark reality check to prove my point is the social media machine that humans use to show the brain is merely muscle. Girlfriend #1 to girlfriend #2, “Hey girl, wut u doin?” #2 responds, “Textin you, lol.” #1 reports, “I just saw pics of your naked self all over my Facebook that your boyfriend is posting and sending to everybody.” #2 responds, “He ain’t my man no more, I

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broke up with him cause he went out on me.” #1 argues, “Why u still sending him pics of your naked self? He’s showing them to everybody.” #2 justifies, “He needs to continually be reminded of what he gave up.” #1 agrees, “Ok, ok, that makes sense. Lucky for us we got smart phones with high resolution capability. He’ll be sorry, for sure.” And some of you still believe the space between the ears is gray matter? Certainly, there is strong evidence the brain is an involuntary muscle. You need more proof? “Hey pal, let’s go see how many six packs we can guzzle tonight.” Or, you’ve heard, “Hey ya’ll, watch this!” Not original with me, but has been utilized by many a man’s involuntary cranial activity when trying to attract potential female prey. Or, “No officer, I wasn’t smoking the crack, I was only selling it to those kids. And you need to arrest that one with the hat, he owes me money!” This could go on and on, and even the extreme behavior such as, “I’m going to strap a bomb to my dumb self and go blow up the infidel.” Power hungry, lustful, greedy humans have no more control over their thoughts and tongues than they have over the involuntary heart muscle that pumps life giving blood to the gray matter. Pardon the cynicism. Wait! OMG! Light bulb! My doc just informed me. The brain is actually not an involuntary muscle. I don’t have to be stupid anymore. Unless I want to, of course. I CAN control my actions! What a novel concept.

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Validity Magazine February 2017  

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