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Principles of Interior Design

MADE BY – VASHIMA CHOPRA IAD – A LEVEL – 1


Index 1. • • • • • 2. • • • • • • • 3. • • • • • • • • •

Analysis sheet Objective and learning outcome Zoning Proximity Clearance Circulation ` The Solomon house Objective and learning outcome Zoning Proximity Circulation Space and axis Material required Sun path diagram Residence Redesign Design Brief Proximity matrix Bubble diagram Schematic zoning Cad plan Reference images Concept board Sunpath Sketchup model


ANALYSIS OF CURRENT RESIDENCE


Objective and Learning outcome • Make the CAD plan of your current residence and analyze it on the basis of zoning , space used, proximity, form of the space, circulation and movement.

• Improving our CAD skills, relationship between public, private and semi private sectors. • Observing the immediate surroundings and improving our analysis skills • Studying and analyzing the house and draw inferences from it


Zoning The house is Clearly divided into Public, private, Semi public and semi private Areas

Analysis sheet Forms and spaces Space used The space is exactly in the shape of cuboide . Medium used area

clearance

maximum used area

Less used area

Entrance lobby and the corridor is the area which is used maximum .

Movement and circulation There is a very less space Between the shaft window and the wardrobe So the window of the shaft cannot be opened properly.

There is no space Between the wall and the bed Which is one of the major problem.

Movement in the house is not very complicated It is quite simple in horizontal axis.


THE SOLOMON HOUSE


Objective and Learning outcome • In this activity we were suppose to choose an architect and his residence project in india with its cad plan and all the pictures of its interior and exterior , then we were suppose analyze the particular project with the help of the zoning , proximity , circulation , clearance , space and axis, and sun path diagram.

• How to study and analyze house on different basis like zoning , axis and principles of designs. • Understanding the layout of furniture and material used. • Relationship between the space and the sunlight. • Studying and analyzing the special elements of the house.


The Solomon House Planning has been based on an open-format to visually enhance the size of the internals & give it that spatial quality so crucial to define

Ground floor plan

a space without boundary.

This is a project by Ashwin Architects and it is located at Ramamurthynagar, Bangalore, Karnataka, India. Project's program: Single family house.

Terrace plan

The internal & external courts have sandwiched the dining area taking the ‘built’ into the ‘outside’ thereby removing the ‘finite’ separating the inside & the outside. The spatial control elements form an important part of this design The external court receives a high back towards the compound to enable a modicum of privacy. The stone slabs arranged in a ‘U’ format form the seating area. The internal court is topped with a skylight which filters light into the house continuously. The first flight of the steps leading up to the living area is flanked with a light well. The floor slab extends to the outside to form a small patch of elevated garden. The site is a north facing property measuring 40’ East to West & 55’ North to South located in Ramamurthynagar, which is a suburb of North Bangalore city, India.

First floor plan


There is a division between public , private , Semi public and semi private sectors .

Zoning There is no clearance problem in the Circulation of the space . The circulation Of the space has been properly planned .

circulation

Space and axis

There are the two main axis running through the house. And also dinning the main space which is accessed it connects all the spaces of the house.

proximity

There is a L-shaped axis which combines master bedroom , dinning And sitting , moreover the courtyard, dinning and the sitting area are in a Straight line. Bedroom is close to kitchen which a good point .


Structural grid

Material required Steel has formed an integral part of the structure to symbolize modernity & impart an element of sleekness in design. The form has taken black & white as base color & interspersed with various shades of grey. The building is a column & beam structure with solid cement blocks as the wall materials. The roofs are basically concrete slabs with steel reinforcements. The external & internal surfaces are cement plastered.

- CERAMIC TILES

- STEEL

- GRANITE

- BLACK MARBLE

- WHITEMARBLE

. A lot of steel elements; some are structural and some are aesthetic. Certain external cladding materials have been imported from Thailand due to their extreme weather-proof nature. The internal finishing materials are a combination of vitrified tiles & marble for flooring, granite for the staircase, ceramic tiles & granite for the bathrooms

- DARK WOOD

Special element The internal court is topped with a skylight which filters light into the house continuously. The first flight of the steps leading upto the living area is flanked with a light well


Form , space and volume study The space is in the Form of cube. Which have been scoped out Making it a subtractive from and space. The building skin has been extensively treated with incisions, subtractions &additions which have resulted in a balanced composition

Interior of the House The external court receives a high back towards the compound to enable a modicum of privacy. The stone slabs arranged in a ‘U’ format form the seating area. The internal court is topped with a skylight which filters light into the house continuously. The first flight of the steps leading upto the living area is flanked with a light well. The floor slab extends to the outside to form a small patch of elevated garden.

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w

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Sun path diagram


RESIDENCE RE- DESIGN


Design brief •

• •

Drawing room Existing – existing drawing room is close to the entrance of the house . Problem – it is also treated as a family lounge . Also there is less space of circulation. Solution – separate family lounge and so the area should be increased. Dining room Existing – existing dining room is combined with the space of drawing room . Problem – as it is combined with the drawing room there is so privacy in dining room , also less space for circulation. Solution – dining space should be increased and also it should be close to the kitchen. Family lounge Existing – there is no separate family lounge , drawing room is treated as a family lounge. Problem – no sense of privacy , as drawing room is only treated as a family lounge . Solution- there should be a separate formal lounge with a big tv screen and also good space for circulation. Master bedroom Existing - Master bedroom is in the end with a nice balcony . My bedroom Existing –I share my bedroom with my sibling . Problem- less space for circulation and no washroom attached to the room . Solution – there should be a bathroom attached to the room and also a nice balcony and enough space for circulation.


Design brief •

Entrance lobby Existing - there is no definite entrance lobby Problem - need of an entrance lobby. solution –to create an entrance lobby. Store room existing – the store room is on the terrace . problem- it is only terrace so there is problem in the circulation its is tough going up and coming down, solution- it should be created on the same floor. Kitchen Existing – kitchen is next to the drawing and dining room . Problem- there is no window in the kitchen solution- there should be a window in the kitchen . Guest room Existing –no separate rooms for guests Problem – my bedroom is used by the guests Solution- separate room should be created for the guest problem There are very less numbers of windows and not enough space


Proximity Matrix • Activity To make a table comparing which room should be near, which should be little away and which is not at all related to that room.

• Learning outcome It helps us in defining how often is a room used and to which room and space it should be nearest according the daily household activities , it gives a nice idea in my mind and clear the confusion of which room should be near to what room and for what purpose .


Desired Proximity Matrix Entrance lobby Powder room Drawing room Dining room

Family lounge Master bedroom My room Sibling room

Guest room Kitchen Utility room Puja room


Current proximity Master bedroom My room

Sibling room Kitchen Pooja room Drawing room Dining room

Utility Powder room Entrance lobby


Present S.NO

CURRENT QUALITIES

LOBBY

POWDER ROOM

DRAWING ROOM

KITCHEN

GRAND MOTHER ROOM

MASTER BEDROOM

1.

FEELING/MO OD

Peaceful and welcoming

Cozy and clean

Welcoming and comfortable

Fresh

Spiritual

2.

IMAGE AND STYLE

3.

DEGREE OF SPECIAL ENCLOSURE

2

4

2

4

4.

COMFORT AND SECURITY

comfortable

Secure and comfortable

Comfortable

5.

QUALITY OF LIHT

Bright white light

White light

6.

FOCUS AND ORIENTATIO N

7.

COLOR AND TONE

White

8.

TEXTURES AND MATERIALS

9.

M.DRESSING

M.TOILET

DINING

Cozy

refreshing

Happy inviting

4

4

4

3

Little un comfortable

Comfortable and secure

Secure and comfortable

Comfortable and secure

Comfortable

Dim yellow and bright white light

Bright yellow and white light

Dim white and bright yellow light

Bright white and dim yellow light

White light

Dim yellow light

Blue and yellow

Cream and brown

White and brown

Purple and pink

Brown and grey

Grey and white

Cream and brown

Ceramic

Ceramic

ceramic

Ceramic

Ceramic

Ceramic

Ceramic

Ceramic

ACOUSTICAL ENV.

A lot of noise

No noise

No noise

A lot of noise

No noise

Very little noise

Very little noise

Little noise

10.

THERMAL ENV

Little warm

cool

cool

warm

cool

cool

Cool

cool

11.

FLEXIBITY AND PROJECTED LENGTH OF USE


Desired S.NO

CURRENT QUALITIES

LOBBY

POWDER ROOM

DRAWING ROOM

KITCHEN

GRAND MOTHER ROOM

MASTER BEDROOM

M.DRESSIN G

M.TOILET

DINING

1.

FEELING/MOOD

Welcoming

Cozy and comfortable

Welcoming and comfortable

Fresh

Comfortabl e and spiritual

Cozy

Trendy

Comfortabl e and clean

Happy and inviting to eat

2

DEGREE OF SPECIAL ENCLOSURE

2

4

3

3

4

4

3

4

2

3

QUALITY OF LIHT

Focused and dim

Bright

Bright and dim

Bright

Bright

Bright

Bright and focused

Bright

Dim and cozy

4

COLOR AND TONE

Beige and brown

Green and white

Beige and brown

White and beige

Saffron and peach

Brown and cream

White an beige

White and beige

Pink and baby pink

5

THERMAL ENV

Little warm

cool

cool

warm

cool

cool

Cool

cool

6

COMFORT AND SECURITY

comfortable

Secure and comfortable

Comfortabl e

Little un comfortable

Comfortabl e and secure

Secure and comfortable

Comfortabl e and secure

Comfortabl e


Bubble diagram Ground floor Ground floor

first floor

Dini Kitch en

ng Entra nce lobby

•. •Kitchen , dining and drawing are Connected which correct according To the principle of design. •Entrance lobby is connected to formal drawing so that public cannot access the private area

Sibling room Buffer space

Family lounge

Cons •Guestroom is on the first floor And basically it’s a private area so its •Not a very good idea to guestroom upstairs.

Master bedroo m

Formal drawing Puja roo m

•Pros

First floor

Pros

•Kitchen , dining and drawing are Connected which correct according To the principle of design. •Entrance lobby is connected to formal drawing so that public cannot access the private area

Gue st roo m

Cons •Formal drawing is Downstairs Pooja room is also downstairs Where as it suppose to Be near the master bedroom


Final bubble diagram Ground floor

Formal drawing

First floor Family Loung e

Dinni ng

Pow der roo m

Stair case

Buffer Puja room

Entra nce

Kitc hen

Gues t room

Master bedroo m

Buff er Wal k in

Stair case

Sibling room


Schematic Zoning

Pros Formal drawing is in the middle Powder room is next to the drawing and dining

Cons

Pros

Cons

According to principle Of design drawing kitchen and staircase are not linked properly

Drawing , dining, kitchen and staircase were linked properly

clashed

Formal drawing is getting extended Staircase and powder room are getting


Final CAD Plans

GROUND FLOOR

FIRST FLOOR


FIRST FLOOR

PAPER MODEL

GROUND FLOOR


Master bedroom is with a black furniture Which give the feel of modern interior With the walking closet


I have given pink texture in sibling room its quite girly , and also a window As great amount of sunlight come on the south Ive given a protruded window over here.


Exterior view


Dinning and sitting


Modular kitchen with storages an chimney Sink is on the left , there are also Two windows for the ventilation And utility is connected to the kitchen . Storages are made up of wood and aluminum.


Back view


Family lounge with a pink sofa And also black wallpaper two steps up From the floor .


Black modern sofa in formal drawing with With black textured wall and a big glass window On north side .

Formal drawing


Entrance lobby Golden and white textured wall.

Contemporary entrance gate

Contemporary console mirror


Black and white Printed wallpaper In the corridor of First floor .

red textured Wall I n the Dinning area With red colored Sitting area .

Protruded window in the dinning area And the first floor corridor. I have used this window here because its is east facade and very heated side .


South

South

Guest bedroom is on the South side which gets Ample amount of light in The day time .

East

Dining and formal drawing Are on the east side as there is a big Window on the east wall Ive made it a protruded window So that less amount of heat will come inside

West

North

West

East

Family lounge is on the east Very less side as there amount is a big Of sun Window on light the east wall comes Ive made it a In the protruded west side window So that less amount of heat will come inside .

Sibling room is on the South side which gets Ample amount of light in The day time

Very less amount Of sun light comes In the west side

North


Sitting space in the corridor Next to the protruded

Printed wallpaper or corridors.

window.

Sibling room in pink color ,with Pink textured wall paper .

Aluminum door with glass in rooms

Black textured wall in bedroom

Master bedroom with king size Bed and side tables .

Pink sofa made up of satan

Protruded window protects From sunlight.

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