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mploym,ent A survey of industries in Kitchener-Waterloo has confirmed the popular suspicion that jobs for UW students this summer will be as. scarce as Pierre Trudeau’s fan mail. Only a few industrial plants of the 25 surveyed by the free chevron reported that students will be hired this summer. A handful of companies could provide only a “maybe” response or were still unsure about whether or not they will be able to hire students this summer. Of the 25 companies surveyed, 15 were not hiring at all this summer. Several of the companies were laying off regular workers, or hoping to call back workers who had been laid off earlier. Chevron staff members who conducted the survey received the frequent reply that the economic conditions were so bad that hiring . is out of the question. But several major employers in the Kitchener-Waterloo area who normally hire a large number of students will fill their regular quota this year. J.M. Schneider Inc. and the cities of Kitchener and Waterloo will hire a total of 665 students, they report.

-But most of the companies that do plan to hire students this summer say that the applications they’ve already received are more than enough to fill their needs. Applications for the 26 job openings at UW - mainly painters and temporary groundskeepers closed in March, says UW personnel officer Frank Burgess., All the positions have been filled. Even Canada Manpower officials confirm that the summer of 1977 - with unemployment soaring to record levels of close to one million - will be a tough one for students. ’ Last year 4,804 students registered at the Student Summer Job Centre in Kitchener, of whom 2,4 11 were placed. Karen Black, a graduate <assistant at the student centre estimates that “there may be more students applying this year. They’re people who in years past have found work bn their own but who may not have it this year.” “Students know they have to look early this year. We stress looking on their own, talking with neighbours, and being willing to take a job that’s not ideal.” Black and Carollynne Hood are among 1,000 people hired tem-

.prosp’ cts slii

porarily as graduate and student assistants by Canada Manpower to handle student unemployment this summer. The two have set up the student job centre at St. Andrews Presbyterian Church at Queen and Weber in Kitchener to register and refer secondary and postsecondary students from the Kitchener-Waterloo area. Black and Hood emphasize that, although job offers coming into the student job centre are “about par”, students have to “get out and slug for jobs”. “We won’t get everybody a job ,” predicts Hood. Government programs that alleviated student unemployment in years past - Opportunities for Youth and Local Initiatives projects - do not exist this year. But several new programs, with changes incorporated, have taken their place. The federal government’s Young Canada Works Program will use $30 million to hire 21,000 students throughout the country, placing them in projects set up by established organizations “for the betterment of th.e ‘community”, says Black.

Of the $30 million; $6 million will be allocated to Ontario, with $95,000 - and 42 jobs - coming to the Kitchener-Waterloo area. The federal Summer Job Corps and the Student Community Services Program will together employ an additional 8,800 students. They will be hired through Manpower centres. A further 4,000 students will take reserve training or join a Community Assistance Program” operated by the Department of National Defence @ND). The Community Assistance Program will put students to work building nature trails and the like. “I don’t know why it’s done through the Department of National Defence,” says Black. She has no information on how many students will be employed through the local military reserves in the two DND programs. Another program is the Peace

With summer jobs few and far between, some students will be forced to turn to unemployment insurance for finances.

The Trudeau government is now in the process of changing the Unemployment Insurance legislation

For summer



endum on fees set

A referendum asking students whether they want refundable federation fees will be held July 6. The referendum date was set by federation council Sunday, follow. in& a request made last week by the Engineering Society. “The demand reflects a growing dissatisfaction with the federation among engineering students ,” EngSot A president Peter King declared at Sunday’s meeting. During debate on a motion of non-confidence in federation president Doug Thompson and vicepresident Ron Hipfner, King referred to Thompson’s frivolous attitude toward the non-confidence ’ motion as “an indication of the state of the whole federation they aren’t functioning for the good of the students.” Presenting EngSoc’s demand for a refundable fee, King indicated

that the society could pull out if Claiming support for a refundafees are not made voluntary. He ble fee from UW president Burt Matthews and the Arts Society, called for a referendum on the question to be held July 6, not in King said it was immoral to ask the fall term as Thompson had people to pay for something they did not want. He stressed that the suggested. students must decide. Thompson argued that a summer referendum would be too Just before King’s motion for a costly (in mail-outs) and would summer referendum came to a disenfranchise too many people, vote, Thompson pleaded for time especially students arriving in Septo clean up the federation. “The tember. federation has never been in worse These arguments were refuted shape in its history - if we don’t by King, who said that cost should succeed, my God, then we will not be the main factor. He offered lose the referendum.” people to help with *the referen- m The motion then came to a vote, dum. Given proper time, he felt Ten councillors were in favour of a that all off-campus students could summer referendum, and two opbe reached through the mail. posed, Thompson and Long. If a referendum is not held, King anThompson immediately claimed, “then you’re going to nounced that he will hold a fall refind that there will be alreferendum ferendum on the same question rewithin engineering and we will iggardless. nore the federation. ’ ’ -randy baskman



The pogey and how to get it

Students are eligible for unemployment insurance benefits provided they have accumulated at . least eight weeks of insurable earnings within the past year or since the beginning of the last claim, whichever is shorter.

Two weeks ago Trudeau told students to leave the country to find work. In 7935 workers in their thousa’nds boarded trains in the On to Ottawa trek to den&d jobs. This photo shows them boarding a train in B.C. Trudeau may survive in office long enough to witness a similar scene.

and Security Program operated by the Ministry of the Solicitor General. The 225 students, hired at the relatively high wage of $5 per hour, will work in the ministry, with the RCMP and in the Canadian Penitentiary Service. Provincial government jobcreation efforts have been directed into “Experience ‘77” which is intended to create 10,000 jobs for Ontario students. Black has no figures on how many jobs will be provided to the K-W area by “Experience ‘77”. None of the 180 projects listed in Ontario Youth Secretariat pamphlets are specifically for the K-W area, although several are designated for unspecified areas throughout the province. The highest wage for the 180 projects is $3.75 per hour. The deadline for applications to “Experience ‘77” was April 1.

Provincial Minister of Colleges and Universities Harry Parrott has suggested that the proposed changes in the student aid program suggested to the government last February, may not be implemented. Parrott suggested in an interview with U of T’s student newspaper The Varsity that the province couldn’t afford- the new program. The proposed program, the Optional Loan and Need-Tested Grant Program (OLANG), is the child of a two-year study by a government committee. It differs from the current Ontario Student Assistance Program (OSAP) in several major areas. In particular it is an all-Ontario program while the loan funds provided through OSAP come from the federal government’s Canada Students Loan Plan. Witho.ut help from Ottawa the provincial coffers would have to come up with an extra $20-30 million for student aid Parrott told The Varsity last week. “This is a tremendous problem, one that can’t be overlooked,” said Parrott. “The interim committee (which came up with OLANG) has not costed out the program the way we would have to. We don’t know how much it would cost with the grant reduction formula.” The OLANG system would allow students from very poor families to get a grant for their education, unlike the present system which forces all students to borrow at least $1,000 before they become eligible for a grant. But for the rest it means taking out more loans at a higher interest

to set 12 weeks as the minimum period of work eligibility, but the bill has not yet been approved by parliament. The eight weeks of accumulated insurable earnings can come from full or part-time work, but the benefit payment is geared to the average insurable weekly earnings over the last 20 weeks of work. Students who worked part-time during the past year will receive only a small UIC payment each week. continued pg 4

rate with the interest accruing imand not, as under mediately, OSAP, six months after graduation. The OLANG system also makes it more difficult for students to gain independent status - free from any expected parental contribution. (For full details of the program see free chevron Feb 25 and March 18 1977.) The Varsity also reported that Parrott was also highly critical of the universal accessibility to loans proposed in the program. The people of Ontario will not stand for this sort of money being paid out, he said. “I don’t think, we can say (to every student) that is how much you want, here it is,” Parrott said. “The more you think about it, the more you come back to the present (OSAP) system with The-changes will be in changes.” student awards and student assistance, which Parrott said he.didn’t see coming until the 1978-79 year. Ontario Federation of Students spokesperson Allan (QFS) Golombek told the chevron Tuesday that .the organisation hasn’t decided yet if OLANG is better than the present system. He added, however: “We are shocked by the whole way it has been handled e’ ’ He said OFS had little consultation with the committee which produced OLANG and now “he (Parrott) has ruled it out of hand without any consultation’ ’ . He said the minister should have come back to all the groups concerned and asked what they thought of the proposed program. -neil




the free chevron

Personal Pregnant & Distressed? The Birth Control Centre is an information and referral centre for birth control, V.D., unplanned pregnancy, and sexuality. For all the alternatives, phone 885-121 I, ext. 3446 (rm. 206, campus centre, UW) or for emergency numbers, 884-8770.

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Furnished Bachelor Apartment with garage available May 1. Close to Market Square. No lease. $110 month. See Tom at Free Chevron office. House for sublet - May to September. 5 bedrooms, walking distance to both universities, shopping plaza across the street. Corner of King St. N. and Columbia, rent negotiable. Phone 884-8656.

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covered. This week, ‘The Vegetable Garden’, by H. Tiessen. II:45 pm. Radio Waterloo News



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Lost Brown glasses in black leather case with “Cummins Optical WestmOunt Mall” inscribed on it. Please call Clayt, 578-8984. many teenage pregnancies. Where are the schools’ sex education programmes failing? Are the wrong people teaching them? 6:00 pm. Radio Waterloo News 9:00 pm. Musikanada Rush part 1 II:45 pm. Radio Waterloo News

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Radio Waterloo broadcasts at 94.7 on Grand River Cable f M from 3 :OO pm. to midnight. These listings include only features. Features are genera//y between 1.5 and 60 min&es long.




6:00 pm. Radio Waterloo News 6% pm. Perspectives - A look at a new United Nations organization International Fund for Agricultural Development. 6:30 pm. Gardening for Fun and Food Part 1 of a series of talks shared by three horticultuialists: Professors H. T/essen, M. Tsujita and B. Teskey are all with the Department of Horticultural Science at the Ontario Agricultural College. Various aspects of home gardening are



3:00 pm. 1977 Easter Special - The Salvation Army has made available to us a half-hour Easter Special. It features’ a radio drama directed by Robert Christie, a message from Commissioner Arnold Brown (Commander of the Salvation Army in Canada and Bermuda) and special seasonal music. This year’s drama brings the message of Easter into a contemporary setting, demonstrating the eternal relevance of this most important date in the Christian calendar. 6:00 pm. A panel discussion on science fiction, recorded at the first science fiction conference held in K-W. Today, we look at science fiction movies. 9:00 pm. The Wo;ld of Drama What Have You Done For Me Lately?




5:00 pm. From the Centre - Sex Education - What-Do the Schools Have to Say? Although birth control is readily accessible, there are still

DanielRodier. Scholarship student. Dedicated to becoming a marine biologist. Will he make it? No, he won’t, Danny’s a brilliant student. There’s no end to what he wants to learn. Yet Danny’s no hermit. He really enjoys a good time. That’s the problem. It’s not that he sets out to drink too .’* much, but once Danny starts id ‘i he often forgets he has a limit, and then it’s too late. ’ Danny would be wise to :: .:i‘. see a doctor, except he saysit’s J..: just a phase he’s going through. ‘$ ‘$ His work hasn’t suffered yet. But if Danny doesn’t change, it soon will. And, no, Danny won’t make it.

april 7, 7977

Dannv’s a brilliant student.

One of the things Danny’s learned at university is how to keep those good times good. beer, wine or spirits, he knows his limit and he respects it. ’ tAnother year or so, and Danny will be working in a 5 field that’s fascinated him all his life. He wouldn’t risk spoiling the opportunity for anything. Yes, Danny is going to make it.



3:30 pm. Gardening for Fun and Food Part 2 - This week we talk about ‘Transplanting’ with H. Tiessen. 5:30 pm. Community Services - A series of programmes on community Services in the K-W area. This week TBA. 6:00 pm. Radio Waterloo News 6:15 pm. Heritage - David Campbell, native songwriter, musician and poet from Guyana discusses what native people have to contribute to the dominant society and talks about the values of native people which include sharing for the good of the whole group and respect for the earth. 9:00 pm. Visions -This week’s feature is with Renaissance. II:45 pm. Radio Waterloo News




3:00 pm. Perspectives - Kurt Waldheim, Secretary General of the Un‘ited Nations, discusses current world problems. This programme is taken from a press conference held in March. 5:00 pm. From the Cente Sex Education Part 2 What Do the Schools Have to Say? Do teenagers find it difficult to reconcile the information received from other sources? Does sex education lead to teenage promiscuity? A panel discussion. 6:00 pm. Radio Waterloo News 6:15 pm. Research 77 - This series focuses on research on campus, ’ supplied by Information Services. Bob Whitton talks to Dr. Conrad Brunk, Conrad Grebel College, about armaments production and world peace. 11:45 pm. Radio Waterloo News




200 pm. Student and Factory Life in China - Carmelita Hinton was actively involved in the Cultural Revolution, and her talk clearly explains the red guard movement in the context of Chinese society as a whole, as well as the resultant progression in education and industry.. ,_q:OO pm. Radio Waterloo News 6:15 pm. Heritage (see Tuesday, April 12) 9:00 pm. People’s Music TBA 11:45 pm. Radio Waterloo News

The Zrnisex Waifitging at .Westmount Place Waterloo,






the free chevron


erqls plead for “Regardless of the results of the referendum, we have lost our innocence,” stated Bryce Mackreferring to the Parti aw, Quibecois victory in Qukbec and their proposed referendum on sep- aration. Canadians, he said, should demand service and unity from their

leaders now, a time he describeg as “the moment of truth”. Mackasey was speaking at a forum on national unity at Wilfrid Laurier University last Friday. The forum, sponsored by the Cambridge-Kitchener-Waterloo Liberal Association, had as speakers Ontario Liberal Leader Stuart

eds step in


The UW federation of students and the administration worked in close co-operation to prevent the free chevron from holding its benefit -~ concert as scheduled April 2. The benefit has been rescheduled to Tuesday, April 12, at 7:30pm in Conrad Grebel Hall. The Theatre of the Arts was tentatively reserved for the benefit, but federation office manager Helga Petz and fieldworker Diana Clarke called the theatre office and gave instructions not to reserve anything for the AIA or the free chevron. Petz told the free chevron she has instructions from the Board of Entertainment not to allow any such bookings, even if they are made by ‘any group recognized by the federation (such as the Greek Students Association who reserved the room for the free chevron benefit). On March 31, the chevron discovered that the theatre was not available for the benefit. Staff member Salah Bachir then contacted Zel Whittington who books rooms in buildings throughout the university. Bachir asked to book one of the large rooms on campus for the benefit. University policy allows on-campus groups to book rooms free of charge. (The only groups to be denied this have been the Anti-Imperialist Alliance and the campus NDP because they have opposed the anti-democratic actions of the federation. The NDP has yet to be recognized and the AIA has been “banned’?.) Whittington informed Bachir that according to her boss Bill Deeks, she could not book any room for the benefit, even if a student group had booked it. .?r The- chevron then followed another guideline of university palicy - that for “off-campus” groups - by booking a room and paying the $20 charge. This was

also refused by Whittington on advice from Deeks who insisted, according to Whittington, not to book anything for the benefit. -4orne


Smith, Senator Jean Marchand, Minister of Science Hugh Faulkner, and Mackasey, the former Postmaster-General, who now holds a seat in the Quibec National Assembly. Over 200 people attended. Stuart Smith emphasized that the Liberal leadership must take a stand for ‘Canadian Unity. He spoke of the Parti Quibecois, who “try to radicalize” the people of Qu&Gec towards separation. Most of the people are moderates, he felt, and it is these people who should rule. .Links between Canadians must ‘be more than economic, stated Mackasey, who is an English but bilingual - Quebecer. Language should also be a unifier. Extolling the virtues of Canadians learning two languages, he criticized the school system for perpetrating the language problems in Canada. Mackasey is finishing a national tour promoting the rights of French-speaking Canadians throughout Canada, Ht? claims the people believe in strong unity and therefore premiers like Lougheed atid Levesque, “until Qukbec separates”, are not representative in their stands for greater independence. Hugh Faulkner felt that the victor-y of Levesque in Qukbec has created a greater feeling of unity within Canada. The question of Canadian unity could only be Solved through increased awareness and not through federal-provincial conferences. Jean Marchand gave an emotional speech for a united Canada, but stressed that Confederation is a worthy concept only if all Canadians feel at home throughout the c6untry. He claimed that we deserve Levesque,, since Canadians have not tried to understand the different parts of Canada, especially Quibec. He stated that the nationalist movement in Quibec has always been a reality - he himself was a separatist at age 17.

New budget

riiiked up Councillor Larry Smylie says he is pressing assault charges against federation president Doug Thompson. He has seen the Waterloo Justice of the Peace and typed up his statement. This action revolves around ap incident in the federation offices. Smylie contends Thompson “shoved me once”. “Thompson came storming out of his offices screaming at me in uncouth language,” Smylie said, telling him to “get out of the office or he would throw me out”. Smylie claimed the right as a student to remain and this is when the “assault” occurred. When Smylie asked a bystander if he would be a witness, “Thompson went wild to try and attack me again,” alleges Smylie. He said councillor John Long had to re-, strain Thompson. Thompson, when contacted, said he had “touched Smylie on the shoulder and pointed him to the door’ ’ . He scoffed at the charge, saying Smylie “was o&of the oldest kindergarten children 1 have seen’ ’ . Thompson admitted telling Smylie he would call security to have him removed. Smylie asserted that Thompson “exemplifies lack of self-control, incompetence and irresponsibility as a president.” -randy


lean Marchand

and Bryce Mackasey

sit by. photo by randy barkman



fight Levesqueto

the death”, Marchand stressed that Canada must treat FrenchCanadians more fairly. Marchand defended Liberal language policy. The right of French-speaking Canadians to deal with the federal government in their own language is essential, he said. It is also the norm in countries throughout the world to speak more than one language, he explained. The policy would make bilingualism mandatory only for certain civil servants. He reasoned that this would be a necessary requirement, similar to that of. a

bridge builder,,who must be an engineer. Marchand and Mackasey recejved standing ovations for their stand for unity, and the meeting ended with tthe singing of 0 Canada. The meeting met with opposition in the form of an informational picket outside the doors of the lecture hall. About 12 students protested against Trudeau’s recent statements concerning students and the unemployment situation. They shouted slogans and handed out a leaflet written by the AntiImperalist Alliance. -randy



raises f married students’ UW faculty will receive a salary raise of 7.5 percent. The UW faculty association recommended 8 percent to the salary steering committee, but the committee was unable to reach a consensus. UW President Burt Matthews suggested 7.5 per cent, which was ratified by the Board of Governors. At Tuesday’s Board of Governors’ meeting, Matthews reiterated the statement he made to the UW Senate last month about increasing the student-professor ratio at UW. He said there will have to be restraint on the increase in faculty salaries so that more faculty can be hired. However, no restraint measures will be exercised until 1978. Matthews also noted that UW is

“leading the pack” in faculty salaries in Ontario, and the increase approved on Tuesday will put UW even further ahead. The board also approved an increase in the Ontario Public Interest Research Group (OPIRG) fees frqm?j4.50 to $2:00 per term. The fees are refundable and not a requirement for registration. The UW administration r-eferred the matter to the Fkderation of Students. The federation council voted to recommend that a referendu.m be held, but the administration replied that a referendum was not desirable. At the Board of Governors meeting, Vice-president Gellatly said that a referendum is unnecessary since the fee is not compulsory.

OPIRG had approached the U% administration last September citing rising costs as the reason for the requested increase. The increase will be the first since 1973. The 1977-78 operating budget for UW was approved with very little discussion. (See the free chevron of March 25 for an article about the budget). The revised rent increases at the married students apartments were also approved. The increases range from 8.5 to 9.2 percent. The UW administration had originally proposed increases of 13 percent, but ,after negotiations with the Married Students Tenants Association it was agreed that $57,000 could be cut from the budget to allow a smaller increase. -nick




the free chevron s



NUS prints fake pit The photograph of a rally” which appeared on of the March issue of the Union of Students’ Advocate is a fake.

“tuition page one National Student

Editor Len Taylor, who altered the placards in the photo to make an anti-war rally look like an an-’ ti tuition hike{ rally, said the photo was meant to be a “graphic representation of a protest” rather than a picture of any particular one. ,Taylor explained that while preparing the Advocate for the printer, he had expected to receive a protest photo from an Ontario university. A few hours before his deadline, he said, he found out that the photo would not be coming, leaving him with “a huge hole on the front page.” To find a replacement photograph, Taylor said -he went through his own photographic files. The one he used “seemed to meet the needs. I just had to play around with the wording on the signs . . . so as not to make it representative of any particular ‘protest.

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“I only wanted people, carrying signs: in order not to deliberately misrepresent, I did a fairly sloppy job - on purpose. ” Taylor said he checked with the Canadian University Press, who were unable to provide a suitable photograph, before resorting to “the one used a move which he admitted was “unwise”. Since publishing the Advocate, Taylor has sent an explanatory letter to member Student Councils, explaining his reasons for using the photo and apologizing. NUS executive member- and SAC external commissioner John Doherty, asked to comment, said “I don’t think it takes away from the paper. It’s a small thing compared to the articles and information” in the Advocate. -mark lukasiewicz of the. varsity staff



pg 1

The weekly benefit payment is two-thirds of the average insurable weekly earnings over the last 20 Geeks of work. The duration of benefits depends upon the number of weeks of insurable earnings accumulated. In order to qualify for UIC benefits, students must register at Canada Manpower and with UIC as soon as they become available for work, and they must check back at Manpower at least every week. Manpower officials indicate that a close check will be kepton UIC recipients. Karen Black at the Student Summer Job Centre says that “if a student indicates to me that he is not looking for work and is only interested in UIC, then I refer him to UIC. But I also notify UIC.” People receiving UIC benefits “have to be actively looking for work,” she cautions. -larry



ZOO p.m.






7 977

the free chevron


Council holds grads out; keeps Thompson in ,

A challenge to the’legality of federation council’s denial of voting rights to graduate students failed to stand at a council meeting last Sunday. Graduate councillor Dave Carter presented a written legal opinion from Brian Iler, a lawyer and former federation president, stating that “an attempt to obtain ratification in the student’s council of a by-law which had been previously defeated at a general meeting of the membership would, in my opinion, be without any legal effect whatsoever.” The controversy concerns the March 23 by-law change by federation council which allows voting and representation rights only to fee-paying members of the federation. A motion with the same effect was defeated at the annual general meeting March 1. During the debate Sunday, federation president Doug Thompson claimed that the federation’s lawyer, Gary Flaxbard, had told him the council’s action was legal. However, Flaxbard has not put his opinion in writing. It appear,s that Flaxbard is not as sure about the legality of enacting the by-law as Thompson claimed. When he was contacted on Monday by a graduate student, Flaxbard said that the removal of voting rights of graduate councillors was “dicey” under the circumstances. Flaxbard said that such action might require a two-thirds majority to be legal. The by-law was enacted by a simple majority of 9-8.


more paid positions to the federation, EngSoc president Peter King said that most societies (including EngSoc) do not have to pay people to work for them, and function well with volunteers. Thompson replied that some of the vice-president’s work is too tedious, and does not provide enough short-term satisfaction to expect a volunteer to do it. The budget is scheduled to be approved in its final form at the next council meeting.



Renison rep Larry Smylie introduced a motion of non-confidence in federation president Thompson and vice-president Hipfner. Among other reasons, Smylie cited Thompson’s rejection of his election promise to improve communication between the federation and societies. Art Society president Joe MacDonald asked Thompson why he


f I

didn’t pay much attention to the societies. MacDonald cited a meeting between the societies and Thompson at which Thompson was urged not to harass the free chevron staff. Five days later, Thompson and eleven supporters dragged two students out of the chevron office in an attempt to end the occupation there. Thompson replied that decisions made at Committee of Presidents meetings do not necessarily become policy. Evicting the staffers physically was “the only implementable solution.” EngSoc president King said that if the federation keeps on as it is, “we will have nothing.” King predicted that Thompson will be hit by a successful vote of nonconfidence if the situation doesn’t improve. Graduate councillor Dave Carter suggested that there should be a delay in determining the president’s fate “so that we can


give Thompson a chance to defend himself.” Thompson agreed, saying “seventy-five accusations have been made tonight, and of them, three or four may have some foundation in fact.” He wished more time for a comprehensive rebuttal. The non-confidence motions in Thompson and Hipfner were defeated 5-10-2 and 3-10-4. After the meeting, Smylie produced notes, made by Janet Rokosova, of a Campus Reform Group (CRG) meeting that preceded the council meeting. The notes show that the CRG had decided to vote in a block

against the non-confidence motions, and to ridicule any arguments given in favour of them. (There was a great deal of laughter coming from CRG members, including Thompson, during the debate on the non-confidence motions. ) The last item covered by the council meeting was the acceptance of Larry Smylie’s resignation. After the meeting, Smylie said that he would not run in the Renison by-election because he is disenchanted with the behaviour of Thompson and the council. -nick -randy

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ATMOSPHERE CONDUCIVE TO RELAXED DINING A first reading of the 1977-78 ; budget was given at the meeting. I The federation treasurer, Martha 1----------clip out and save----‘_____ Coutts, disclosed that of the --------------------------------. $492,000 in the budget, 53 percent I of it will be paid out in salaries, ’1 professional fees and honoraria. I Student fees account for $308,000 1 I of the revenue, which is augmented by entertainment admis1 sion prices, pub revenue and I newspaper advertising revenue. I The proposed half-time salary 1 for vice-president Ron Hipfner 1 provoked some heated discussion. 1 4 ‘Thompson said that in the past the i president has had an “executive , ’ assistant” on a half or full-time basis during the summer. Kelly’s Stereomart This position has been elimiI 228 King St. W. nated in favour of giving the work 1 ’ to the vice-president. Thompson 1 ‘Downtown Kitchener said that Hipfner will be given ad- 1 ditional duties that justify the sal1 742-5885 ary . ------coupon-------_____ Speaking against the addition of Ic----m--



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Ontario grad students R Ontario graduate students are discussing organisation, student considering forming a provincial involvement, unionization, the differential fees for foreign students, student organization. At a conference in Toronto and student assistance programApril l-3 representatives from 12 mes. Although there was recognition of common problems, the graduate schools elected an executive to look into the possibility of members were not sure how to setting up a province-wide bring together graduate schools of such diverse types. graduate student federation. The schools vary in size from The conference was initiated just over 30 students at Trent (in and sponsored by the Ontario to 5000 at U of T: in Federation of Students (OFS) and Peterborough) responsibility from Laurentian, the‘ National Union of Students (NUS) to look into common probwith virtually none, to Waterloo, with responsibility for its own grad lems faced by graduate students throughout the province. house: and in structure from very little at Trent to club status within The delegates spent two days

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Almost all the discussions were relevant to major issues at UW.

at at

The delegations also considered the question of the relationship between a possible graduate federation and OFS. Delegates agreed that graduates and undergraduates share many problems. But how the two organisations could work together was left until there could be more investigation into the matter. At the final plenum the delegates elected an “executive commission to investigate the possible structuring of an Ontario-wide Graduate Student Association”, and resolved to meet again in August to discuss proposals for affiliation. The seven-member executive commission will prepare the groundwork for the August conb ference. The five-member Waterloo delegation was particularly enthusiastic and tentatively offered to host the conference here at U W.


UW has 900 visa students. Many of them are in graduate programmes and suffer from government restrictions against them working, either as teaching assistants or in the community. They are compelled to bring about $4000 into the country each year to live and to pay their tuition fees, which have tripled this year. The conference resolved to “call on the Government of Ontario to eliminate the differential fee for visa students.” The final plenum passed a motion calling for the implementation of a “universal graduate student aid programme . . .which would provide a guaranteed level of support of $4000, with a guaranteed minimum duration of support .” The motion closely parallels a motion at the 1977 UW Grad Club annual general meeting which demanded a “guaranteed annual income for all graduate students at UW.” -dave



(Anti-PSI In the following comment third year science co-op student Stephen Coates takes issue with the position presented at a meeting organized by opponents to PSI Mind Development, and reported in last week’s free chevron (page 3). k

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I am a graduate of the PSl Mind Development courses, IB II, IB IV, and IB VII, and have found these courses incredible loving experiences, which have exceeded all my expectations, have been very enjoyable, and helpful in all sorts of life situations. With this experience, I went to see the critical talk about PSI last Friday. With an air of revenge, Ian Adair, with two other IB VII grads, blasted everything in PSI from the founder of the company to people whose works are quoted at introductory lectures. During the remarks which preceded and follbwed the videotape presentation, and the film of the CBC Marketplace show about PSI, so many lies were stated that I feel obliged to comment. In his opening remarks, Adair said that thelast time he went to an introductory lecture, he was physically ejected. However, I was present at this lecture, which took place in October in Toronto. Adair brought a reporter to the lecture, walked up to the stage, and interrupted the speaker, expecting to be thrown out. Instead, hotel security

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\I was called for, and a few graduates came up to the front and asked him to leave. He was not touched at any time. Following his opening remarks came the videotape. Of the approximately 300 people who have graduated from IB VII, PSI sent four on their be half. Oft he hours of interviewing conducted by CBC, Judy Gille’s interview was entirely omitted, and only one question each from Newton Gingrich’s and Jo-Anne Ariful‘s was shown. The only footage of PSI director of education and research, Paul Pond, that was shown, was highly edited informal cohversation that took place when he tias told the camera wasn’t on. Following this film, Adair talked about IB (Inward Bound) VII, claiming that frequent physical violence took place. However, there was none during my IB VII course, nor has there ever been, according to the many IB VII graduates I have talked to. Adair claimed that graduates are asked for personal information about themselves and other for use at IB VII graduates, courses. This is an outright lie. During my IO months with PSI, I have never been asked by anybody for such information about myself or anybody else, nor have I ever heard of anybody else being asked. Adair continued, claiming that PSI made huge profits from its courses. He does not seem to realize that resort accommodation for the students and the instructors (8 for 24 students), the superb food, materials, instruction rooms and all the numerous incidentals, all cost money. He went on to state that aides paid $250 to help with the course. A few months ago, the last time 1 inquired, it was $600. Although they were supposedly making this “excess profit”, Adair stated that they had approached him for a loan to help finance the purchase of a Camen Island resort. This resort is not even owned by PSI, but owned collectively by a number of graduates. Adair’s vendetta continued with an attack on Gopi Krishna, a scientist-philosopher from Kashmir, whose books PSI graduates are encouraged to read. He ‘said Gopi Krishna was a figment of PSI’s imagination. I have read several of his books, and seen him on film. He has been interviewed by many magazine editors from around the world. Now to top this,

PSI is planning an excursion of graduates to India to visit Gopi Krishna this summer. Would they plan to visit, and learn from, a fictional man? ’ Adair cited as an example of excess profits, tapes of an extended Gopi Krishna interview which he said PSI is selling. Although many PSI graduates are distributing these tapes, they are in fact selling them for the Kundalini Research foundation, a non-profit organization, not for PSI. PSI does not receive any revenue from these sales. When he was asked about PSI’s popular Inward Bound IV course, Adair replied that the meditation cycles were really hypnosis. This is BS. Although both in meditation and hypnosis the same level of mind is reached, a meditating person retains complete control over his or her own subconscious. While in hypnosis, however, this control is voluntarily given up to someone else. At the courses, everything that happens during each cyclesis explained before it starts, allowing each person to decide what he or she wants to participate in. If this was hypnosis, I would not be able to practice it at home, which I, like most graduates, do. Adair explained that after he had taken IB VII he applied to become a co-ordinator, and, after he was finally accepted, resigned a few hours later. He said that he didn’t like the “incentive charts” which were used. According to some of the PSI instructors, and oth&-s who knew him, he quit when he realized that becoming a co-ordinator did not give him any special privileges. After conversing with several co-ordinators, I have found that there are no incentive charts. Instead, they must practice what they preach, which is probably what Adair objected to. Katherine Buller claimed she quit after being frequently confronted by other staff members. However, several PSI instructors and staff members, who worked with her in the office, said that she and Gail Mercer, who was in the film but not at the meeting, were fired because they could not get along with the other people there. Why Adair would be doing this baffles me, especially in light of ,some of the teachings of PSI. After Marketplace was first shown on TV, Inward Bound VII applications increased 20’2, and the night he interrupted the lecture, they had the highest sign-up rate in months. Stephen





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The possession of marijuana for personal consumption will be decriminalized, according to Prime Minister Trudeau. This would mean that people found in possession of marijuana (or hashish) would not acquire a criminal record, as is now the case. Instead, possession outside a person’s .residence would involve the imposition of a fine, like a parking ticket.


ferences were, found between the groups on eit heT brain wave recordings or a battery of I99sychological tests, I I of which measured intelligence. Neither were there any differences in regularity and continuity of’employment, or frequency or nature ofjob changes. The conclusion was that: “The data clearly indicate that the longterm use of marijuana by these men did not produce demonstrable intellectual or ability deficits when they were without the drug for three days. There is no evid&ce in the results to suggest brain damage.” The conclusions of the Jamaican study contradict past studies that found harmful effects from marijuana use. Here are some examples:

D \* a March 27 meeting at the University of Toronto, Trudeau said that decriminalization would probably not take place until October or November of this year, since opposition was expected from the Conservative Party. Some very persuasive evidence has been presented recently in favour of decriminalization. In March, the American Medical Association (AMA) released a report which.states that no harmful effects from the use of marijuana were found. Shortly after this report was released, US President Carter made a statement indicating that he was in favour of the decriminalization of marijuana for the whole of the United States. Our own views on the matter also favour decriminalization. For the last decade, the courts have been jammed with the prosecutions of people found in possession of marijuana. At first, the courts’ decisions were severe, attempting to frighten people by imposing heavy “lesson-teaching” sentences. In fact, some people are still suffering from the effects of these aybitrary judgments, and a new Canadian branch of NORML (National Organization for the Reform of the Marijuana Laws) is attempting to erase all criminal records for simple marijuana possession. In recent years, however, the courts have recognized that simple possession does-not-a-criminalmake, and have usually dismissed cases involving small amounts of marijuana. But - a tremendous amount of time, money, and effort is still spent in bringing such cases to court - only to have them dismissed. This is a totally ridiculous situation when it is viewed beside the backlog of cases which need to be tried involving real crime like murder, extortion, etc. From the marijuana smoker’s perspective, the “crime” of smok-~ ing marijuana hurts no one (as we show in the following review of research), and is pursued in the hopes of-‘- enlightening one’s consciousness through introspection and enjoyment with others. The harsh punishment levied for this activity, we believe, causes a snowballing effect, making people question the entire judicial system*s standards.~ In order to restore people’s respect for the law, it is therefore necessary that these unjust laws be changed to reflect the current knowledge and understanding about the effects of marijuana. We have summarized reports on marijuana that appeared in “Consumer Reports” (March 1975) and “Psychology Today” (December 1976) in the following section, and we leave-it up to you to judge the herb’s harmfulness, or lack of it.

Consumer Reports Marijuana: The Health Question


Back in 1970, horrifying reports of marijuana hazards were being published. Yet many marijuana smokers appeared to remain in good health and good spitits, just as they do today. Perhaps it was too early to gauge the long-term effects of marijuana smoking in the United States or Canada. But what of other countries where marijuana has been a daily custom for generations‘? If dire adverse effects existed, they would surely be readily visible there, and scientists dispatched to such countries would not have to predict the

Research turns over new leaf juana may have decreased overall efficiency, it appeared to make the prospect of long hours in the field more palatable and increase ttie labourers’ willingness to work. Following this and other field studies, the Jamaican research team brought 30 male marijuana smokers and 30 non-smokers to University Hospital for six days of intensive medical examination. All but one of the marijuana smokers had first smoked before the age of 20: dn the average they had been smoking marijuana for 17.5 years.

smoker To qualify as a “heavy” in the Jamaican study, one had to smoke- at least eight “spliffs” (ganja cigarettes) a day. In the U.S., a “heavy” smoker is often defined as one who smokes more than seven marijuana cigarettes a week. They also note that the typical Jamaican spliff is more potent than the ‘typical North American joint. Increasing doses of marijuana Summarizing the examination’s tea throughout infancy are recomfindings, the Jamaican report notes mended as a prophylaxis (preventa“no significant physical abnormal.tive treatment) against disease. ity” in any of the controls or in 28 of Schoolboys are urged to smoke tile 30 ganja smokers. marijuana to “help them study”, to The marijuana smokers and con“improve memory” and to “help trols had been well matched in pass examinations”. This wideheight as well as age, but the smokspread use of marQuana is found ers weighed seven pounds less on both among farmers and villagers, the ave&ge - a difference, the reand among residents oft he slums of port noted, that “might indicate Kingston, Jamaica’s capital. ’ that the chronic use of cannabis causes some suppression of appeThe Jamaican study, launched in tite” . June 1970, found heavy ganja smoking common among the poor, Lung X-rays were normal-n both despite severe legal penalties (not groups. The Jamaican findings less than 18 months imprisonment sugges,t that at worst, impaired lung with hard labour for a first offence ). action is produced by the inhalation One of the anthropologists, Dr. of marijuana smoke (and this is true Joseph Schaeffer, studied the efof any kind of smoke). fects of marijuana on ability and Since the marijuana smokers in willingness to work. In general, the Jamaican study were frequently Schaeffer found that field labourers the descendants of marijuana performed more motions and exsmokers, and could therefore be pended more energy after smoking exposed to marijuana before birth, the study of their chromosomes marijuana than they did before. But they appeared to accomplish less was of particular interest. The rewhen dn marijuana - weeding a sults showed that the chromesmaller patch of crops in an hour, somes of the marijuana smokers for example. were in good condition. . However, Sc haeffer also reIn addition to these and other ported that marijuana use in group studies of physical health, both labour situations tended to increase mari-juana smokers and controls the social cohesiveness of the were given thorough psychiatric workers, and that, although mariexaminations. No significant dif-

emerges. When a research finding can readily be checked, either by repeating the experiment or devising a better one, the allegAtion of adverse marijuana effects is shortlived. If the test procedure is difficult - for example the study of rhesus monkeys required the implantation of electrodes deep in the brain independent repeat studies are not done, and so the allegations of brain damage continue to be cited in the scientific literature and the lay press.

Psychology Today The war over marijuana


In general, the findings in this article are comparable to those of the last. This is the essence of the Brain damage author’s argument: A study of the effects of mariIn the eight years that have pasjuana smoke on rhesus monkeys sed since the first controlled experimplied that brain damage could reiments with marijuana, hundreds of sult from the use of marijuana. Dr. human subjects and countless Julius Axelrod, who won a 1970 laboratory animals have been given Nobel prize for two studies (one of enormous amounts of the drug, day them connected with the effects of in and day out. Not one of the finddrugs on the brain) said that “the ings t‘hat demonstrate marijuana’s doses given to the ‘monkeys for the potential for harm has been consisacute effect, for example, would be tently replicated by other research, equivalent to smoking 100 m&ior can be regarded as proven. juana cigarettes every day, a very Few of the oldest, most publiheavy dose .” cized findings - brain damage,.--Dr. Lester Grinspoon of the psychosis, stepping-stone-toHarvard Medical School similarly heroin, incitement to crime - are pointed out that the concentration now supported by scientists, reof marijuana in the monkey lung gardless of where they stand on may have been as much as I5 times marijuafia. as high as that of a comparable dose Five years ago, in 1972, Michael in the human lung. Baden commented: “We know In another study, a team of remore about marijuana than we do searchers compared 1000 underabout penicillin.” graduate college students over a The social perceptions about the three year period, looking at maridrug show that marijuana juana versus smokers nonepitomizes the new direction of sosmokers. Neither college grades cial change. It came to popularity nor other factors checked by the as part of a wave of assault on estresearchers suppli-ed any evidence ablished social institutions in the of brain damage or of an amotivalate 1960’s. The inference was tional syndrome. The researchers drawn that odd and possibly deconcluded that “the dire consequstructive forces were at work ences that were predicted have not among the young, and older people materialized” . set about trying to pin the blame on marijuana. Lowered resistance The conclusion, says the article, can only be that marijuana is i i-cto disease A study involving the growth of markably innocuous substance. T-lymphocytes from laboratory In the end, however, the author still echoes the remark made -by cultures suggested that an impairment of immune responses could Daniel Freedman of the University result from the use of marijuana. of Chicago, after a Drug Abuse However, when immune responses Council conference on marijuana: “Nobody can tell you it’s harmwere tested in the human body instead of a test-tube, the results less. Each person must decide for were different. A group of 22 heavy himself what lie wants to do.” marijuana smokers were chalWith each passing day, the artilenged with a foreign substance calcle notes, more people agree with led DNCB, and the results clearly Andrew Weil’s remark that mariindicated that their immune re- juana is “among the least toxic sponses were intact and vigourous. drugs known to modern Consumer Reports concludes: medicine”. out of these studies (and others not -laurie gourlay reviewed here), a general .pattern jackie moad

Marijuana studg 9-

long-term consequences of marijuana use. When this idea occurred to administrators at the National Institute of Mental Health, they commissioned the Research Institute for the Study of Man to study marijuana effects on the island of Jamaica. For decades, Jamaicans have smoked marijuana much stronger than that smoked in the United States. In Jamaica, marijuana is called “ganja” and is used in many ways. It is smoked, brewed as a tea, chewed, and used In rural areas especially, it is an important element of folk medicine and superstition. “Children are introduced to ganja quite early,” the Jamaica report notes, “first as a medicament in ‘bush tea’, or in a crude method of vaporizing, where adults blow smoke at an infant with respiratory \ congestion.” n




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Film slanders Palestine -This week we are printing two reviews oi “Black Sunday” (showing at Capital 7). Below are Salah Bachir’s impressions and on the oppositepageOscar Nierstrasz‘gives his view. *

In recent years the state of Israel has become more and more isolated internationally, and, increasingly , countries have taken the stand of the United Nations “that Zionism is a form of racism tid racial discrimination.” But the American movie industry has come to the *defence of Israel and has risen to attack the Palestinian National Liberation struggle: a struggle to establish a


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democratic state in Palestine. The film “Black Sunday” is one of a series of movies promoting the state of Israel (a host of movies are planned on the “raid” at Entebbe airport in Uganda). It distorts the Palestinign people’s struggle by displaying the acts of some terrorists as representative of the Palestinians. The main motive of the terrorists is to get back at the AmeriIsrael can people “for supporting and giving it arms” - .this to be done by blowing up the Orange Bowl and killing 82,000 people. Contrary to the view promoted in “Black Sunday” it is the Israeli

The movie .presents thk Israeli agents as the ones who long for peace, seemingly as Israel longs for peace, but the terrorists “keep spoiling things”. It neglects to show how and why these people are terrorist, or how this problem has come about. Why does terrorism exist? Who created the terrorists?, are two relevent questions which the movie never bothers to ask.

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The struggle of the Palestinian people is not simply some terrorist action against a foreign people, as the movie suggests. In fact the Palestinian people and their organization, the PLO, do not confuse the American state and the American people. The PLO doe’s not condone acts of terrorism. It is a movement solely to liberate Palestine. “Black Sunday” is clearly in the service of Israeli Zionism by distorting the nature of Israel and by perverting the nature of the Palestinian people’s struggle, reducing it to a struggle, by a gang of terrorists. : . &’ ’ As more and mbre$eople come to recognize the just struggle of the Palestinian people to regain their homeland and to build a democratic state in Palestine, and the just struggle of all oppressed people, movies like “Black Sunday” and others in the same genre become more widely promoted to sow confusion. --salah


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Zionists who are the real terrorists. It is they who used the terrorist gangs (Irgun and Haggannah) to drive the Palestinian people out of their homeland and to make room for massive foreign immigration in order to set up an exclusively Jewish state. It is the Israeli Zionists who have conducted numerous attacks on refugee camps and who suppress the ‘Palestinian people in their own homeland with the worst fascist terror. “Black Sunday” reduces the struggle of the Palestinians to personalities. Says Marthe Keller, who plays the terrorist “femme “It’s all a matter of perfatale” : sonalities, that’s the nature of our cause .”




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“Black Sunday” could be called a spinoff of the terrorist attacks at the Munich games in 1972. It is about a terrorist group called “Black September” who launch a plan to kill 82,800 people, including the U.S. President, at the Super Bowl in Miami in order to demonstrate that they wish the United States to cease supplying

1It’s another good war movi e It is autumn in 1943. The G&mans are losing the war. A feasibilshows that it is ity study possible. . . A band of disgraced paratroopers and an Irish rebel land in England for a last-ditch effort to kidnap - or assassinate Winston Churchill. _ What? Another war movie? Sure. If we keep going to them, they’ll keep making them. In many ways it’s a good thing too; the genre has provided us with some of the finest films ever made: “The Bridge over the River Quai”, “The Train”, “The Great Escape”., as well as war-related movies such as “Casablanca“ and “The Best Years of our Lives”. “The Eagle has Landed”, directed by John Sturges, may not be the greatest movie ever made,

but it’s certainly on a par with films like “The Night of the Generals” and many other good war movies. “Eagle” gives you the standard amount of suspense, a little less blood and cynicism than usual, and a fair dose of originality. The acting is excellent to fair. Donald Sutherland has recovered from his bout with Fellini in “Casanova”. He plays Liam Devlin, an Irish rebel who help6 the Gestapo for his own political reasons. Generally, parts in movies which require special accents and stereotyped dialogue are flubbed by even the best actors, but Sutherland remains convincing throughout. Michael Caine is a little bit too stiff as the German paratroop

Beck: technical and artistic excellence the song settles down into some great instrumental work. In fact, the entire album is instrumentally oriented. The vocals that are on the album are almost expendable, since, like any good blues song, it ain’t the words that make you move. Beck has only authored one of the seven tracks on this -album, Scatterbrain, (but that’s not anything new. Beck has never been a prolific writer. Instead, he and the band do several of Hammer’s songs, and do them very well. One of the interesting songs that the group does is an old LennonMcCartney tune called “‘She’s A Woman”. The song receives a treatment that would have been called heresy ten years ago, but now gives new life to the weary tune, instead of being just another Xerox of the Fabulous Four’s style. Solos are the order of the day-on this disc, with Beck on guitar, Hammer on synthesizers, and Freeman on electric piano. But the solos are not done in the “egocentric” style that seems to be so prevMany live albums suffer from the alent today - “look ma no hands” problem of sounding as though the - but rather, each fits totally into concert was played inside a garthe structure of the song. bage can, or taped on a cassette Onthe whole, the album doesn’t recorder in the 42nd row. run the straight and narrow path of r The producer at times can also pure rock, but instead has flavourlet the .audience get in the way of ings of a variety of musical styles the band on live albums. Witness from bluegrass fiddle (you don’t the excess crowd noise on “Wings have to believe me if you don’t Over America”, and CSNY’s want to) to Reggae. “Four Way Street”. The album won’t grab you and Fortunately, Dennis Weinreich hit you between the eyes, that’s not and Jan Hammer have produced an what Beck does with his music. Inalbum as clean as any studio album stead of trying to whip the audience around -the crowd noise is where into a frenzy with some mindless it should be, cheering the song 4/4 power chording, Beck and when it’s completed. friends play their music with all the The album is not just Beck at ability they possess, which, needcenter stage flailing his guitar into less to say, is considerable. submission, but rather the work of That is where the excitement and an entire band, of which Beck is beauty of Beck’s music lies, matercertainly the standout. *ial performed with technical and arThe album opens with a jam tistic excellence. number called Freeway Jam (what And that is what this live album else?) shows, Beck and Hammer at their with a series of best, excellence personified. Starting -doug hamilton electronically-produced car noises,

Jeff Beck first came into the public’s eye with the famous British blues-Boup, The’ Yardbirds’ filling the h’ole that was created when Eric Clapton left the band. After leaving the Yardbirds himself, Beck joined The Rod Stewart Group. This band featured not only Stewart and-Beck, but also the newest member of the Rolling Stones, Ron Wood. After ending his association with Stewart and friends, Beck went on to record several solo albums. Through the course of these albums, Beck’s style of playing evolved from straight blues, to what has been labelled by critics as jazz-rock. Of his albums in this genre, his last two, “Blow by Blow” and “Wired”, are probably the best. Now Beck has released another excellent work. Though the album goes by the cumbersome name of “Jeff Beck with the Jan Hammer Group Live”, the name is the only unwieldy aspect to the album.

leader, but manages to come through as a human being rather than a caricature despite this minor problem. Robert Duvall and Donald Pleasance are routine in their bit parts as German officers. They don’t attempt too much for their small roles, but they don’t give too much extra to the parts either. They’ve both acted better before, but they’ve also both had better parts. Most of the action takes place in a small town in England where Churchill is supposed to spend a weekend. The town inhabitants perform remarkably well. John Standing as the town priest did an astounding performance, completely avoiding the typical Hollywood stereotype. Jean (Upstairs Downstairs) Marsh is pretty good as Joanna Grey, a traitorous lady who has fooled all the townspeople. Larry Hagman does a great comic part as an American colonel who has never seen action, but tries to act as though he had. In fact, bits of “Eagle” seemed as though they might have come straight from “Dr. Strangelove” ! Occasionally “Eagle” slips into the banal, as in a poorly-handled romantic chase through the woods that seemed entirely out of place, but these moments are rare in the film. “The Eagle has Landed” manages to add considerable originality to the typical stock warmovie bits you might expect in such a film. In short, if you like war-movies, you’ll enjoy this one for certain. (+ * * Fairview Cinema) --Oscar

m nierstrasz

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Come out to the free chevron benefit, Tuesday, April 12 (location to be announced). The benefit is being held to help ease our financial deficit, and at the same time to entertain supporters. Some of the people appearing are: Sue Murphy, a pop music singer, Eric Ball, a folk singer, blues and folk singer Bruce Tomlinson, rock guitarist John Michels, classical pianist Ruth von Bezold, as well as music and dance from countries around the world. s Featured in this international section will be Filipino and West Indian songs and music, Arabian dance and music, Chinese classical instrumentalists, a sitar player, and many other people who may show UP. The benefit will also feature speeches and skits by chevron staff and supporters, all calculated to make FASS look like cold porridge. Late News: Location - Conrad Grebel Hall.

Israel with arms. many of today’s stars (such as It is a. well-wrought tale with al- Jack Nicholson ). most complete plausibility and a Robert Shaw is in better form quiet suspense which hovers in the than he was in “Swashbuckler” atmosphere throughout. The last -last year, but far from his perforitem is derived from an incident mance in “Jaws”. early in the film: Dahlia Iyad “Black Sunday” is blessed with (Marthe Keller), one of the “Black September” group, perhaps out of uniformly good acting, a less corn- _I plicated plot than “Marathon excitement, prepares in advance Man’ ’ , and many hauntingly comthe tape they intend to broadcast posed and photographed scenes, after the catastrophe. An Israeli especially the one of a test run of terrorist raid on the Palestinian the terrorists’ “secret weapon” in terrorist headquarters discovers a hangar in the Mojave desert. the tape but not the plan. The rest There are, however, a couple of of the film deals with the attempt serious flaws which undermine the to find out exactly what “Black September” is planning, while the film’s intentions: frankly speaking, the musical score stinks. It gets in terrorists actually carry out their the way of some of the suspense plan. scenes, and throws off the effect Robert Shaw plays an Israeli they might have had. agent whose ruthlessness, equal Also, the climactic scenes are only to that of the terrorists, poorly shot and/or edited. The proves vital in uncovering and crowd scenes in the stadium fail to battling their scheme. convey panic, just confusion.. .. Bruce Dern plays Michael Even “Two Minute Warning”, Lander, a slightly derailed Vietlast year’s rip-off of “Black Sunnam veteran who now pilots the day” (it was released earlier but Goodyear blimp for CBS at the started later), handled crowd football games, and who has a secscenes more skillfully. ret desire to give the American On top of that, the very end of people “something to remember the movie (no, I won’t tell you him by”. In “Black Sunday”, what happens), which is supposed Dern’s acting capabilities open to carry the main punch of the wide to display even greater potenfilm, falls flat for me, and seems to tial, as opposed to Hitchcock’s be only a lot of bravado after the little “Family Plot”, a half-hearted terrific buildup of the previous 2 potboiler which made Dern seem a hours. \ great deal worse than he really is. Other viewers may find that these flaws don’t interfere with enMarthe Keller is given a bit more scope than she had in joyment of the film. That may very “Marathon Man”, last year’s top well be the case, since “Black Sunthriller by the same producer, day” is already drawing large crowds in Kitchener. At any rate Robert Evans. It is not clear from “Black Sunday”, however, I’m not convinced I’ve seen the whether Keller has any versatility, best of ‘77 yet. (***Capitol I) something which is lacking in -0scar m nierstrasi

Figaro, figaro, figaro Opera has been described as “a magic scene contrived to please the eyes and ears at the expense of the understanding”, but the Canadian Opera Touring Company discredited the latter judgment with their performance of “The Barber of Seville” last Friday. Although opera de-emphasizes the plot in favour of musical and visual. extravaganza, the farcical humour of the original Barber of Seville, (a play written by Caron de Beaumarchais in 1775), is easily appreciated in Rossini’s opera version. The story is of two lovers’ struggle against the mean old guardian who wants to marry the heroine. ‘This plot may sound as old as political rhetoric, but Rossini’s music makes it all worth while. The lovers are aided by a rascally barber named Figaro, who schemes - given suitable remuneration - to bring them together. This part was sung very well by William Pell, who not only has good vocal chords but can act a little as well. The lovers were played quite well by Glyn Evans as Count Almaviva, and Lorne Castaneda as Rosina. However, Castaneda ’ was not perfectly suited to some of the verbal acrobatics required; at some points, the harshness of her voice was painfully evident. The crotchety old villain, Bartolo, was sung by Avo Kittask. His acting was quite good, bringing much pleasant humour to the role. However, Rossini intended Bartolo to sing, and this is where Kittask fell down. He was unable to hold long notes smoothly, and at times his voice seemed muddy. Beaumarchais wrote that Figaro determines the character of the play. However, Rossini’s opera gives the dominant role to Count Almaviva. Figaro seemed to be in the background most of the time. The minor roles were sung well, and special mention should go to Phil Stark as the sergeant, who had little to do but did it well, to Janos Tessenyi as Bastilio, whose fine bass voice made his performance memorable, and to Susan Grudgeon as the comic Berta, whose gestures and facial expressions were impressive. / _ The orcheitral arrangement in opera is as important as the actors. Timothy Vernon’s direction of the 23-piece orchestra and the soloists was passable, but not excellent. There were times when Vernon allowed the orchestra and vocalists to become improperly synchronized, with ‘some rather disturbing effects. In spite of the technical flaws, the performance was extremely enjoyable. The-Canadian Opera Touring Company is well worth seeing, especially if you have yet to be convinced that the pleasures of opera are not “at the expense of the understanding”. +I g brown \ -nick




I don’t know much about oppraor writting but I think they all sang real purty and put on a damn good show. *:*:* $: -o

m vielspcecher


the free chevron

Cramer continues


thcrrsdaq, april7,


In the most recent letter of the AIA on the subject of Zionism and Israel, the AIA refers to Moishe Menuhin’s book “The Decadence of Judaism in Our Time” in which it is claimed that the rise of anti-Semitism in Argentina was due to the kidnapping of Adolph Eichmann by Israeli agents. Menuhin also claims that it would have been easy to extradite Eichmann. 1 have found contradictory evidence, however. Typical of this contradictory interpretation was Howard M. Sachar’s “A I will quote a few pertiHistory Of Israel”. nent facts from. Sachar’s book. In 1950, Eichmann emigrated to Argentina originally working for a “construction company . . .which sheltered many ex-Nazis” (p. 553 Sachar). He eventually joined the automobile firm Mercedes-Benz “to which he was openly introduced and openly recommended as ‘SS Lieutenant Adolph Eichmann, in retirement.’ ” In 1960 evidence was found that Eichmann was still alive, living in Buenos Aires under the name Ricardo Klement. Israeli agents found his residence and eventually proved that Klement was indeed Eichmann. Here Sachar states that “there,.was no alternative now but for Eichmann to be kidnapped and brought to Israel. The Argentine Government hardly would have been interested in arresting or trying him: it had taken no action in the case of the other revealed Nazis on its territory. Nor was the government under legal obligation to permit Eichmann’s extradition to Israel.” This analysis is presented in other books I have read and I have not yet come across any analysis in any encyclopedia or history text similar to Menuhin’s in interpretation. As for the rise of anti-Semitism in Argentina, the AIA and CPC(M-L) should know that anti-Semitism does not arise from isolated incidents. By any scientific and dialectical analysis one sees that anti-Semitism arises from material forces. Argentina, today, does not punish the murderers of Jews and leftists. Argentina is a neo-fascist state similar to Chile - it was not created by Israel. I have not yet finished Menuhin’s book, but I have found other anomalies in it. For example, he quotes Einstein and claims that Einstein was anti-Zionist. Enigmatic to me, is that Menuhin makes no mention of the fact that after the death of Chaim Weizman in 1952, Einstein was offered the presidency of Israel. Ben Gurion, the Prime Minister at the time, would certainly have. not offered the presidency to a devout anti-Zionist. (See p. 161 Sachar). The first part of Menuhin’s book consists of quotations from Solomon Grayzel’s classic “A History of the Jews”. I happen to own a copy of Grayzel’s book and when I began reading Menuhin’s book, I found that even the ordering of topics in Part I of Menuhin’s book was borrowed from Grayzel. The most humorous quotation I found in Menuhin’s book was on pages 76-77 in which he quotes from the March 5, 1919 New York protest “Times” a “long and remarkable submitted on behalf of Congressman Kahn of California and thirty other prominent American Jews against the idea of a Jewish state in Palestine.” In his “remarkable protest” Kahn asserts, as quoted by Menuhin: “By the large part taken by them in the Great War, the Jews have once and for all shattered the base aspersions of the anti-Semites.” Menuhin said, “these words turned out to be prophetic .” I don’t think Congressman Kahn would have believed that what he wrote in I919 was applicable after the Holocaust of the Second World War refers to the massacre of six (“Holocaust” million Jews in Europe by the Nazis). Menuhin .obviously forgot about the Holocaust. Moishe Menuhin consistently-castigates

Jews for not having allowed themselves to be “Russified“ or “integrated”, (p. 27). The Jews developed “Jewish” political nationalism neurotic, paranoid nationalism -was conceived by some of the spiritually maimed ghetto intelligentsia as the desperate solution to the “Jewish problem’: ‘, (p. 27). ,These “maimed intellig,entsia’ ’ included some of the greatest Jewish thinkers such as Smolenskin, Pinsker, Sokolov, and Ahad Ha-‘Am. The fact that “Zionism is Racism” is in turn saturated by innaccuracies or that it contains insulting and anti-Semitic statements (as I have shown previously) does not deter the AIA from using the pamphlet. “Zionism is Racism” contains the phrase: “Zionism is a hostile spirit to assimilation”, which is attributed-to Lenin, on p. 39. When a Jew assimilates he is a Jew, only by birth not by practice, but has had his own culture swallowed and destroyed by a larger culture. He no longer has any identity save that which is bestowed upon him by the state. The implication, therefore, contained in “Zionism is Racism”, is that, by trying to preserve their culture and identity, Jews are being racist. Furthermore, any move by Zionists to defend and reinforce Jewish culture is racist and must be condemned as such. Therefore, I am led to conclude that not only do we Jews have no right to a homeland, but we also have no right to have a religion, culture, language or identity. If that is not anti-Semitism, what is’? 1 have said before that the AIA and CPC(M-L) are racist. I still believe this to be true and I would like to reinforce this statement of belief; anti-Semitism is a form of racism and, thus, any person or group who uses anti-Semitic arguments to prop up feeble political arguments is, by definition, racist. As the AIA continually .uses anti-Semitic arguments they, then, must be anti-Semitic and thus, racist. Phillip Cramer,

n The recent letters by Larry Sheldon and his pet barking dog, Phil Cramer, have been howling and wailing in support of the racist state of Israel. The ‘“great democracy” that they howl about has imposed on its Arab residents a “virtual system of apartheid”. The Israeli “has isolated the Arab populagovernment tion through its discrimination against them in a variety of fields, and by the way it has treated them as second class citizens”. (Knesset member Jacow Hazzan, quoted in Zionism is Racism, p. 7) The Arabs in Israel have been denied the freedom of movement or of residence. They are forbidden to dwell, rent, or be employed on 90 per cent of the agricultural land. Whole villages have been razed to the ground by the Zionists. In his report to the UN Secretary General on September 17, 1971, Sir John Rennie, the UNRWA Commission stated that 6360 Arab homes had. been destroyed in Gaza by the Israelis between July 20 and August 26, 1971. Land has been confiscated. (Before the state of Israei was founded, Ben Gurion, the first president of Israel, stated that: “The Arabs own 94 per cent of the land, the Jews only 6 per cent .” see UN Document A/364 p. 17.) Restrictions on educational rights and opportunities have been imposed, and cultural expression by the Palestinian people has been suppressed. AI1 organizations,-including mutual aid organizations, student unions, etc. are forbidden. (See Ner Magazine, July-August 1958, from a-statement by about 200 Israeli intellectuals: also see Towards A Democratic State of Palestine, September 2, ;1970.) The Palestinian workers have 40 per cent of their pay deducted by the government for social welfare, organization and travel tax, while the Palestinian labourers from the oc-

cupied territories are denied, by legislation, all social welfare rights such as health insurante, pensions, etc. The Israeli jails are filled with Palestinian political prisoners who are detained for months without reason and who are tortured. Those outside Israel in the refugee camps are subjected to continuous military attacks from the Zionist state. This great democracy wants to have “a Jewish state, a Jewish state like the French have a French state.” (Moshe Dayan, “Face the Nation”, C.B.S., July 11, 1967) This is direct antisemitism that Jews and non-Jews must not co-exist in Israel. “In Israel, Jewery finds itself defending a society in which mixed marriages cannot be legalized, in which non-Jews have a lesser status than Jews, and in which the ideal is racial and exclusionist.” (I.F. Stone, N.Y. Times Review of Books, August 3, 1967.) Is it any wonder that. non-Zionist Jews have joined the majority of the people of the world to denounce the state of Israel as a racist and fascist state! The only just solution to the Middle East conflict is the dismantling of the state of Israel and the setting up of a democratic state in Palestine. Zionism Is Racism! Death To Zionism! Long Live the National Liberation Struggle of the Palestinian People! Salah Bachir

This letter is written as a contribution to the recent debate on Israeli Zionism and to outline its role in Africa. Israel is a strong supporter of the racist regimes of Ian Smith of Rhodesia (Zimbabwe) and of the Vorster regimes of South Africa (Azania). Israel has on many occasions given police training and has sent US financial donations and weapons to maintain the racist system of apartheid. Just last year Israel concluded a *military pact with the fascist South Africa when Vorster travelled to Jerusalem to receive praise from Israeli leaders. No doubt the Israeli Zionists gave him advice on how to put down rioters, how to torture, butcher, etc. Advice that he is putting to use today when the African people are rising to free themselves. These same leaders, who praised American slaughter of the Vietnamese people and whose defence minister observed it firsthand, extensively, have also trained the secret police and army personnel in both Ethopia and Rhodesia. It is for these reasons and because of the continued suppression of the Palestinian people that over 30 African countries do not recognize the racist state of Israel. There is not one single liberation movement in Africa that does not hold the Israeli state in contempt. Guita Mohammed

Down with Trudeau On March 24, 1977, the Prime Minister of Canada, Mr. Trudeau, told a group of students at the University of Toronto that they had no right to expect jobs from this system and that the government was not going to take special steps to assist them. Among other things, he said, “ . . .if they (students) don’t like it here, let them find another country where they could use university graduates, and if they can’t use them anywhere else, it’s because there are too many university graduates, that’s all.” In response to student demands for jobs, he arrogantly replied, “You are in university to try and free your spirit.” A shrug and some insults -these are all that Trudeau has


to dish out to students in 1977. This attack comes at a time whsn <he number ofjobless workers in Canada IS at an all-time high. By the government’s own conservative figures, in February there were 932,000 people looking for jobs and another 52,000 who had already given up looking. Among youth the unemployment rate has soared to above 14%. Job vacancies in the’ last quarter of 1976 were estimated by Statistics Canada to total only 33,700. In Kitchener during February, there were approximately 400 job vacancies listed with Canada Manpower, while over 7100 workers applied there forjobs. Students from universities and colleges are about to enter a job market that offers little hope. The fact that Trudeau has treated Canadian students with such disdain, provoking hisses even from an audience of Young Liberals, indicates that the ruling class has no future to offer the youth. As Trudeau himself admitted, even educated youth are beginning to have a “bleak view of their future.” This current attack on students is really nothing new. Less than two months ago Mr. Cullen, Minister of Manpower and Immigration, raised the spectre of an oversupply of graduates compared to available jobs. The solution he proposed was making courses more relevant to the needs of employers, i.e., making the students adapt, instead of changing the system to serve the people. He failed to mention, however, that right now “employers” do not need more employees. The Canadian state has always blamed the people for the problems which are caused by the capitalist system itself. The Green Paper on immigration and the reactionary Mr. Andras blamed immigrants for causing unemployment by taking jobs from citizens, and the “Science” Council of Canada announced that Canada probably could not feed more than 30 million people and tl-@‘tthe country is approaching its “limits to growth,” presumably because of the limited natural resources of Canada. Al1 of this tongue-wagging is a vain attempt to obscure the real cause of the economic crisis and unemployment in Canada - monopoly capitalism and the domination by U. S. imperialism. The social system in Canada is the monopoly capitalist system, and this system is dominated by U.S. imperialism. The ruling class in Canada is the monopoly capitalist class, the rich. In Canada the means of production and the products of labour are the private property of a handful of finance capitalists, mainly U.S. imperialists, and the motive for these capitalists to invest in production is to realize-maximum profits. Whenever continued production of a commodity would lead to a decline in profits, the capitalists simply‘lay off workers, thus causing unemployment. If conditions for making maximum profits are better in some other province or country, then the capitalists withdraw their capital and invest it elsewhere, as Electrohome did recently in shifting TV production from K-W to Japan. By laying off workers and also refusing to provide jobs for students, the rich are keeping their profits at a maximum during a time of economic crisis, and hence they are trying to make the people pay for the crisis of imperialism. The response of the peopie must be to resist.this campaign and instead launch their own-campaign to Make the Rich Pay!* Students can do this in part by demanding jobs, even when the capitalists claim that there is no work available. The rich are shifting the burden of the economic crisis onto the students by denying them productive jobs and forcing them topay more for an education which serves mainly the interests of the rich. There are over 500,000 students in postsecondary education in Canada, and every day more of them are coming to the realization that the root cause of their problems is the capitalist system itself, and that the solution is to overthrow capitalism and establish socialism. Attacks on students by government officials only accelerate this trend. The Prime Minister is not content with a few slanders against students. He tries to contirbed on p.11



apt-it 7, 7977

continued from p.10 induce workers to join in the attack on the students by feigning concern for the million jobless workers. He told the U of T students: “My heart doesn’t bleed for you people. It bleeds for people like the women who work in the fish plants in Newfoundland and car? only find work for I,3 to I5 weeks in the whole year.” This blatant mystification emanates from the PM’s mouth at the very) time that his government, is invoking closure in Parliament to speed passage of the new unemployment insurance bill, a bill which will make it impossible for over 50,000 jobless workers to get benefits by raising the required time on a job for eligibility from 8 to 12 weeks. It follows barely one month on the heels of his government’s announcement of plans to cut $325.5 million from the budget of the Unemployment Insurance Commission. \ The reactionary Trudeau government is cutting back on jobless benefits for workers as well as on health and education spending, while at the same time it is increasing expenditures on armaments. Marc Lalonde said recently that a guaranteed income for the poor would cost $350 million per year, but that “You can‘t do this and also increase the old-age pension or increase transportation subsidies to the cities.” Is that so! What about the millions being spent on several hundred riot-control armoured cars from a Swiss firm, armoured cars which cost more than $250,000 each’? General Dextraze, chief of defence staff, recently anndunced plans to purchase $2.5 billion worth of new jet fighters on top of the $I billion already squandered on the Orion (Aurora) patrol aircraft. What about this $3.5 billion that is being stolen from the Canadian people in the form of taxes to assist the war preparations of the U.S. imperialists? Trudeau and his cronies care nothing for Canadian workers. At every turn they slander the workers and try to find new ways to squeeze more profits from their labour. The only future which the rich have to offer the youth is as cannon fodder in a new world war. This is what Trudeau means when he talks about the need for workers to exercise “self-sacrifice.” However, the working class in Canada comprises over 80% of the population, and together with the revolutionary section of the other classes makes a tremendous force for the overthrow of the monopoly capitalist system and the establishment of socialism. The more that scum like Trudeau and his cabinet ministers slander the people and attack their standards of living and dignity, the more are people going to draw revolutionary conclusions about the future of Canada. The basic interests of workers and students are the same, and they can be defended only by opposing their common enemy, the rich and the state of th& rich. The immediate response of students to this latest attack by Trudeau must be to get together with jobless youth from the working class and get organized to force the rich to provide jobs. Let the capitalists make some “sacrifices” for a change! ‘ANTI-IMPERIALIST ALLIANCE

Stalin, Recently,

Phil Cramer,

yes! an apologist




and worshipper of the racist state of Israel, launched a tirade of slanders and lies against the AIA and Joseph Stalin. . If it is Stalinist to oppose Zionism, Imperialism, racism and fascism;to support the national liberation struggles of the people of Azania, (South Africa), and Zimbabwe (Rhodesia), and other countries,, against ral cist and fascist regimes: to lead the opposition to cutbacks, unemployment, and wage controls: and to defend democratic rights and mobilize against political persecution: if these things are Stalinist, then Long Live the spirit of Stalin! James Kang

Ha ha ha to the tool

upon one eve as the seasons were to change two mad physicists went upon an evil rage.

through the doors they crashed of the engineers’ abode after being led there by the long and winding road. up a flight of stairs and down the hall they knew they had to turn when they hit the wall. they happened upon a door that opened at their command they entered the little room under God’s faithful hand. they saw what they were after the engineers’ pride and toy they called it the rigid tool the desire of every little boy. angular momentum was conserved as the tool fell on their toes they were given resuscitation by the engineers’ quick blows. the physicists fled from the room with the engineers after their tails the physicists knew the solution castration never fails. armando cicchinelli ed atkinson Although the above letter was submitted several weeks ago, it was delayed because some staff members objected to its content. They felt that the letter has sexist overtones ,and promotes several myths about the male (and implicitly the female) sex. Hence, in keeping with the CUP code of ethics which proscribes racist and sexist maierial, they felt the letter should be rejected. Other staffers disagreed, and want the letter printed. This was the first time the question of rejecting a feedback letter has been raised. It was brought. before a staff meeting for a vote, where it was decided by a majority that the letter should be printed. -!ettitor


Tlie free chevron will continue to publish this summer, and if you want to know what happens when the sun shines on the student federation, what Matthews has in store for summer cutbacks, what students on campus are doing, what those off campus aren’t doing (like finding jobs), and when the chevron is going to be reinstated, then sign up for the paper. For $5 the paper will be posted to you. The money will pay for postage and contribute a morsel to keeping us alive. Call in at the office or fill in this coupon and mail to free chevron CC 140. NAME Please find enclosed $5 and send the free chevron May-August inclusive:

to the following



UW students who want a federation with bite are getting bitten by the federation instead . Defending a compulsory federation of students fee, federation president Doug Thompson last week described the federation as a “watchdog on the administration”, and compared it with “a standing army whose existence prevents invasion” by the administration. Tough words. But within the space of a20-minute interview, Thompson contradicted every one of them. And his actions as federation president completely reverse the role he ascribes to the federation. i Thompson acknowledged that the federation has approached UW administration president Burt Matthews to take action against the chevron staff’s occupation of our office. On February 28 an official delegation from the federation - composed of vicepresident Ron Hipfner, executive member Gord Swaters and Math Society president Kevin Willis - went to Matthews to plead for help against the chevron. Without the slightest hint of shame, Thompson confided that-he, too, “spoke with Burt on several occasions. There was a request I made to Burt that he make available to us free and unencumbered use of the chevron office as per our agreement.” Unfortunately for Thompson and his executive, Matthews is not ready to take action against the chevron - just yet. Further collaboration between the federation and the UW administration has been exposed in the continued saga of the free chevron’s attempt to hold a benefit concert -. on campus. (See article, pg.3 of this issue.)

they tripped from the pub and started a journey across the campus they travelled in a rumbling fury.

Keep in touch

( Thompson1 two-step continue9 I


For more than a month, the federation and administration have worked hand-inglove to stymie the chevron staff’s attempt to hold a benefit concert. With the authorization of the federation, the administration has cancelled several room reservations made by the chevron staff. Is this the work of a watchdog on the administration? Thompson’s federation is a watchdog, all right. But it’s a watchdog for the administration, against the students. Any federation that crawls to the UW administration begging it to solve a student problem is an outright traitor to the students. But this is nothing new for Thompson. From the moment of his election - indeed, from September 24 - Thompson has been denying in one breath what he asserts with . another. The Thompson two-step became infamous when our president first proposed a resolution to the chevron conflict, broke that by invading the chevron office with a dozen goons and evicting two chevron staffers, reversed himself again by proposing, only days later, a reinstate-investigate settlement that closely matched the chevron staff’s position, a statement that he repudiated only two days later at a council meeting. Still Thompson continues his two-step, waltTing the federation ‘towards selfdestruction. -larry


,. r f&e ttlec A member of the Canadian University Press, the free chevron is produced and published by the chevron staff and is typeset by Dumont Press Graphix. The free chevron is produced from Room 140, Campus Centre, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario. As the sun sinks slowly in the west.. . hell, it went down long ago! Here we are working on the final iss’ue of the term. But don’t forget us folks, cause we’re not going to forget you, we’ll be here all summer long putting out your newspaper. Drop into the office to arrange to get your own copy this summer. “The free chevron has the largest active staff of probably any newspaper in Canada.” Thanks to the Excalibur and all of our other supporters! Here’s the line up of those who brought you this week’s free chevron: randy barkman, doug hamilton, heather robertson, tom (‘commander’) cody, neil docherty, larry hannant, rob taylor, jules grajower, dave carter, nick redding, w reid glenn, t alex (canadiens!) beamish, jonathan coles, salah bachir, gerard kimmons, doug (maple leafs!) goodfellow, marina taitt, Charlotte von bezold, dianne chapitis, jamie thiers, ciaran o’donnell, peter blunden, phil Cramer, the dumoiat duckies, jayne pollock, frank morison, mart shafroth, ernst von bezold, Scott bqrron, mike hazell, shih kang-ti, Oscar nierstrasz, lorne gershuny, stephen coates, stan switalski, jerry (the custodian), Fendell and me, dg.



the free chevron


apt-i/ 7, 7977


*s queri About 125 students from across Ontario took part in an Ontario Federation of Students (OFS) “mass lobby” at Queen’s Park last Thursday.

the basic issue of tuition fees. Davidson upheld his party’s view that tuition fees should eventually be abolished; but he was not asked how he thought free tuition could be implemented. Good disagreed, stating that there has got to be some incentive to foster responsibility, especially for lower-class youth who historically don’t have the motivation to succeed. He scoffed when confronted with an Ontario Institute for Studies in Education report which showed that students from

Sixteen universities and community colleges were represented by delegations who questioned individual members of the legislature about their views on postsecondary education. OFS chairperson Murray Miskin said that at least a majority of members had been visited by delegations. Apparently, OFS will try to get interviews with those who were missed sometime during the weeks following the lobby. Each member contacted -was asked to answer seven questions on a range of student issues. Topits included tuition fees, student assistance schemes, youth unemployment and the age of independence for OSAP applicants. The OFS executive also met with the NDP caucus in the morning and with the Liberals in the afternoon to hear the parties’ policies on these issues. The delegation from Waterloo, led by interim OFS liaison officer Gord Swaters also included Federation vice-president Ron Hipfner and first year Math student Jayne Pollock. Each delegation was given a list of their local members to confront. Monty Davidson (NDP Cambridge) and Ed Good (Liberal Waterloo North) were visited by the Waterloo students. The two politicians differed on


Tremors rocked one of the oldest’ student organizations in Canada when members of the national executive of Canadian University Press (CUP) faced strong opposition to their expansion plan. The Ontario Region of Canadian University Press (ORCUP) held a meeting on Sunday, April 3 at the University of Toronto to prepare a response to the expansion plan of the national organization. The expansion plan, passed at the CUP 39.5 national conference in Ottawa (March 1%20), would see the establishment of regional bureaux in Quebec, the prairies, the Atlantic provinces, and British Columbia, all with telex links, and a business manager in the national office. This would result in a total annual budget increase of 70 percent.



Ibsen, new translation

by John Lingard


low-income families had the highest desire to succeed. OFS spokesperson Allan Golombek told the chevron the lobby “Went pretty well . . .we got half of the MPPs on record on basic issues”. A report based on the responses is to be compiled within the next two weeks, to inform students of the party positions so that they are prepared for the next provincial elections. -lome -neil

gershuny docherty

The increased cost’ has already helped to push two papers over the brink. The Queen’s Journal and the UWO Gazette have announced their withdrawal from CUP. Both papers have had long standing differences with CUP. The dozen Ontario CUP papers at the conference condemned the expansion plan. Members objected to its cost, questioned the value of the project, and demanded a thorough discussion on the expansion plan and on the role of the student press in order to asbess the organization’s needs. In an in-camera discussion, the ORCUP papers discussed various strategies to deal with this matter. They decided to hold a conference on expansion at the end of April. -heather -jules

robertson grajower

The Caribbean Students Associations of Waterloo, WLU, Cue/p/~, York, Windsor, and Toronto held a symposium here, March 78-20. Among the activities were a dance, play, and athletic competitions. In the picture above two teams battle for the /ris Cup in soccer play, eventually won by McMaster. In other competition, McMaster won the Amorosa Trophy for men’s basketball, and the Caribbean Stars ‘77 won both female basketball and mixed-iolleyball. UW Caribbean student president Valeria Ingraham later informed the Caribbean Students Association that the symposium was the highlight of ttre year, and thanked all the members who devoted their time and efforts to making the event a success.

Eric McMillan, former Varsity editor, and Neil Docherty, chevron production manager, were elected as Ontario Region of Press Canadian University (ORCUP) president and vicepresident respectively at an ORCUP conference in Toronto Sunday. Both McMillan and Docherty, who took office upon their elec-

tion, strongly condemned the proposed expansion of Canadian University. Press. They also proposed to pay special attention to key issues affecting Ontario students, such as unemployment and education cutbacks. McMillan is a strong supporter of the-chevron staff and its call for Reinstate ! Investigate ! -juies



vided they have accumulated at . least eight weeks of insurable earn- ings within the past year or since the beginning of the last claim, wh...


vided they have accumulated at . least eight weeks of insurable earn- ings within the past year or since the beginning of the last claim, wh...