Page 1

Social work.....p. 9 Engineers.....p. 9 .\ Aronovitz.....p. 12 Bourassa’s dream.....p.22 Basketba&...p.i4

University of Waterloo Waterloo, Ontario volume 15, number 34 friday, march 14, 1975

Photos by randy hannigan Supporters of the Renison Academic Assembly @AA) gathered in the lobby of Modern Languages on Tuesday prior to demonstrating at the Art’s Faculty Council. Later the council passed a



motion by 33 to 73 in support immediately with no preconditions

of RAA demands




go to arbitration


no weconditions

Arts faculty .backs- RAAd~mmds, .


The Renison affair travelled on March 19. He said that was the from the far west corner of the earliest date he could get most of campus, crossed the turbulent watthe governors together. Townshend would not comment ers of Laurel creek, and rested on whether the RBG was trying to overnight in the dean of arts office before presenting itself at the Arts place a precondition on any settlement in the Forest-case. He said Faculty Council. The key issues this week have that both the RBG and the CAUT been: is Renison stalling a resolu- , had agreed not to discuss any details of the negotiations. tion of the dispute with Canadian Association of University However, Renison college prinTeachers (CAUT) over the firings cipal, John Towler, told the ;Chevran the same day that he didn’t of Profs Hugh Miller and Jeffery Fore&-and, is the college trying to think “the Renison board of governors tiould ever allow Forest to impose a precondition on any bindteach here again.” ing arbitration agreement? This is exactly what the students The Rension Academic Assemfear. They claim that the-college bly (RAA) believe that the college is guilty on both these counts and in administration is demanding that an arbitration agreement include a protest a group of their members clause which would preclude occupied the dean of arts office Forest from teaching at Renison early Monday morning. RAA even if the arbitrator decided that Chairwoman, Jen George, exphe was fired without cause. lained that the dean’s office was The occupation of’the dean’s ofchosen over any Renison office so fice ended around 2~00 p.m. Tuesthat the governing bodies of UW day when the students slipped out would take note of their demands. Meanwhile, Renison board of unnoticed by the security guards chairman W.T. outside. The RAA would not disgovernors Townshend, denied that he I was close how many students had been in the offices. The security guards stalling and told the chevron Monentered the offices about an hour day that the board would next meet

later and found them empty but tidy. The Dean’s assistant said at the time that he “was 99.9 per cent sure that nothing had been damaged” and the Dean’s secretary Gloria Hawthorne said Wednesday that bar a few chairs being misplaced “nothing had .-been touched”. “They even watered my plants,’ ’ she added. Arts dean Jay Minas was not available for comment. At 2:30 p.m. a meeting of about 80 students and six faculty was held in support of RAA demands. The RAA explained that they had been told to expect a decision on arbitration first on Feb. 18, then March 5, and that now they are being asked to wait until March 19, a date which they say conveniently misses the Senate meeting of March 17; so they expect any discussion on the dispute to be witheld until after the RBG meet. Federation of Students president john Shortall addressed the meeting and said that the federation was behind the occupation and demonstration and he hoped these actions would speed up the negotiations.

Prof Doug Wahlsten told the meeting that the Renison issue was very -important because the negotiating procedures take no account of student input. Following the brief speeches most of those at the meeting demonstrated outside the arts’ faculty council and called for- arbitration immediately with no precoaditions. When the council convened there were many more students present than there were members of council. The first five items on the agenda were dealt with swiftly but it took an hour of lively debate for the council to pass a motion by vote of 33-13 in suppor‘t of RAA demands for binding arbitration immediately with no preconditions. Then there was a short recess while the council awaited the arrival of prof Jim Stevens, CAUT’s. chief negotiator in this dispute. He had been invited by prof Mike McDonald, UW Faculty Association president, to report on the negotiations. Stevens started by saying that he would not devulge any details of

the discussions between CAUT and the RBG, as he preferred private negotiations to prevent harmful publicity. On the Miller case Stevens was optimistic that settlement would be reached ai the next board of governors meeting. He said that he would be meeting with Miller shortly to go over the wording of the agreement. On the Forest case he said “we are getting close but I cannot say that it is settled.” And as for the speed of the negotiations Stevens said that there were 50 to 60 similar situations throughout Canada but that negotiations on this campus were moving faster than most due to yhat he termed “the vibrancy” at uw. / On the other main issue, i.e. that Renison was trying to impose a precondition on any binding arbitration, Stevens at first said that he didn’t understqnd what was meant by “precondition’‘-but when pressed on the matter, said that during negotiations everything .was considered . -Ml




the chevron

This week on campus is a free column for the announcements of meethgs, special seminars or speakers, social events and happenings on campus -student, faculty or staff. See the chevron secretary. Deadline ‘is noon Tues-


Symphony No. 5 in C Minor. 8pm. Theatre of the Arts. $1.25, admission 75 cents students. Campus Centre Pub opens 12 noon. MacKenzie 9&l am. 74 centsafter 6pm.

Federation Fticks-“Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid” with Paul Newman and Robert Redford. AL1 16. Feds


Centre Pub opens 12 noon. South Cote 9-l am. 74 cents after 6pm.


S1 9 Non-feds

One World Crusade


Noon Drama “End Game”.



presents talks and discussions on “The Way to World Unification”. 7pm. CC 113. Everyone wel: come.


Gay Liberation




’ coffeehouse-free


of the arts. Free.

Black Forest R/Coffee

House. Admis-

sion $1. Full evening of entertainment featuring folk and blues. Coffee from around the world. 8pm. St. Paul’s Col\ lege. j-

Campus MacKenzie


Pub opens 12 noon. 9-l am. 74 cents after 6pm.


Flicks-“Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid” with Paul Newman and Robert Redford. AL1 16. Feds $1, Non-feds $1.50. 8pm.

Saturday Black Forest IV Coffee’House.

Admission $1. Full evening of entertainment featuring folk and blues. Coffee from around the world. 8pm. St. Paul’s College.

of the Arts.



meditators 1101.


pianist. 8pm. Theatre .


suffering Christ means to Christians ministering to a suffering world. 10:30am. -Conrad Grebel -College Chapel.


present Mozart.

for Transcendental 8pm. ENG. 3, Rm.

Share Lent: What the example of the





Marek Jablonski,

S1 s50. 8pm.

Centre Pub opens 12 noon. South Cote 9-l am. 74 cents after 6pm. II b ’ The Jazz and Blues Club will ,hold an informal record programme. This week The Organ in Jazz by Al Collins. 8pm. Kitchener Public Library.

Flicks-“Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid” with Paul Newman and Robert Redford. AL1 16. Feds $1, Non-feds $1.50. 8pm.


14, 1975

. ,

coffee, speech and kipfels. Music by local musician. 9-12 pm. CC coffeeshop. Everyone welcome.



in concert.

Will several sonatas by Haydn and 8pm. Theatre of the Arts.

Para-legal assistance. Providing free “non-professional legal advice for students. 7-1 Opm. CC 106. Call 885-0840 ’ or ext. 3846.

Tuesday Para-legal

Cinema Solidarity

presents “Hudson’s Bay Company” and “James Bay”. Films in CC great hall. 7pm. Free.

. assistance.

’ Providing free non-professional legal advice for students. 7;lOpm. CC 106. Call 885-0840 or ext. 3846.

Centre Pub opens 12 noon. South Cote 9-l am. 74cents after 6p’m. / I

of Rita Joe” directed by Karl Wylie. 8pm. Humanities Theatre. $1.50, students $1.


Providing free non-professional legal advice for students. 2-5pm. CC 106. Call 885-0840 or ext. 3846.


CC 135 Everyone




Social and ethnic dance club will have Chess club meeting. 7:30pm. CC 135. Museum

of Games

& Archives.



meeting of the ADHOC committee to form a popular student front. 3pm. CC 135.

Group Topic: ENG. office in NH



with Chaplain Remkes Kooistra. “The Christian and Culture” 3, Rm. 1101. 8pm. Dr. Kooistra’s hours are 1Oam-2pm every Friday No. 1023, ext. 2367.

Clinic. 1O-l 2

noon & 1:30-4:30pm. MC 3062,3rd floor Math lounge. Once again the blood bowl is being offered to the faculty which has the largest percentage turnout. Come on out and bleed. .


Women students meeting. This week’s guest, Dave Reynolds from the Student Awards-office talking on financial aid. All interested women are invited to attend. 3-4:30pm. Humanities Rm. 373.

U of W Pro-Life group will have a general meeting. All are welcome. 7pm. ENG. 4, Rm. 4335. For more info call Bill or George at 885-4290. .


house with Tony Crea. 9pm.’




The Health Collective from Woman’s Place wilt speak on “Our Bodies: Are They Ours?“+ at ‘the Kitchener Public



Library gallery. 1:30-3:30pm. baby-sitting provided.


Red OR


loam-12 3002.



Providing free non-professional legal advice for students. 1:30-4:30pm. CC 106. Call 885-0840 or ext. 3846.


Pub opens 12 noon.

South Cote g-lam.

Blood noon p





Wednesday Donor


& Archives.





Joe”. $1.50,


of Rita Joe”

“Ecstasy students

$1. Humanities


of Games

8pm. $1.50, Theatre.


1-4pm. MC 6032.

& 6-9pm. MC 6032.


74 cents after 6pm.


& 1:30-4:30pm. .



Reni$on Moose Room.

Thursday ABC



6032. I-4pm.

Red Cross’ Blood Doior


its final meeting of the year-a variety of dancing. Great Fun! 8pm. CC 110.

8pm. students



1Oam-12 3002.

Blood noon



& 1:30-4:30pm.


One World Crusade

PlayerS.filtercigarettes.. Ataste-you can call your gvn.. ‘\ \

presents talks and discussrons on “The Way to World Unification”. 7pm. CC 110. Everyone welcome. ,

Baha’i firesides All are welcome. 7:30-9:30pm.

informal discussions. Come on to HH 334.


Christian Fellowship-Supper meeting. Don Freeman talks about . the “Authority in Experience”. 5:3Opm cc 113.

The Navigators

invite you to a short meeting of Christian fellowship & encouragement. 7pm. CC 110.

Friday Mike



pop piano. of the Arts.


All‘ Man-Environment

students and friends are invited to a year end “bash” at the married students apt. day care centre. 8pm. Cost $1 .at the door.


of Rita Joe”.

student $1. Humanities

8 pm. $1.50, Theatre.


Centre Pub opens 12 noon. . South Cote 9-1 am. 74 cents after 6pm. !


Flicks-“The Apprenticeship of Duddy Krauitz” with Richard Dreyfus. 8pm. AL 116. Feds $1, Nonfeds $1.50.

Warning: Health and Welfare Canada advises that danger to health increases with amount smoked-avoid


j ) friday,


14,* $975


. -. 3


Burt frustrated over- Renison

-I \-

Renison College students aren’t the only ones frustrated with the dragging on of the firing dispute as they have now found a suffering comrade in UW president Burt Matthews. ( Matthews told the Federation of Students’ council Monday that he’s as “frustrated as anyone else about the Renison situation”. However, he felt “progress is still being made and that. there’s still hope”. He also added that both the Canadian Association of University Teachers (CAUT) and Renison have accepted his proposals on the “they’ll have to meet face-to-face to resolve the dispute, and now, matter.” Matthews didn’t elaborate on the specifics of his proposals. But although Matthews sympathized with the students protesting the dismissals, he didn’t agree with the sit-in staged Monday by the Renison Academic Assembly (RAA) in the UW dean of Arts’ offices. “The sit-in won’t do-one bit of good as the student demands can’t be met by the university,” Matthews said. (The RAA, a body of students set up Oct. 3 1 to protest the dismissals of social science professor Jeffrey Forest and academic dean Hugh Miller, arranged the occupation in an attempt to hasten a decision on the dispute). Matthews further stated that he’d be willing to discuss academic sanctions against Renison with the students as the university has the power to deny degree granting status to the college. Matthews was asked to clarify his stance on the matter, moments before council backed, with no dissent, RAA’s demands and actions. A communique released Monday from the “occupied zone” and brought to council’s attention by RAA spokeswoman Janet Steele, states ‘that: “The purpose of the occupation of Dean Minas’ and the associate Dean’s offices is to create motion on campus and to carry forth our demands to all sympathetic individuals and groups.” The student demands, according to the communique, are: “That Renison agree to binding arbitration according to CAUT procedures immediately; and that there be no preconditions as to the outcome of the arbitration.” ‘According to Steele, one of the preconditions that Renison wants before going to binding arbitration is that Forest agree not to teach at the college, even if the verdict says he’s been wronged. Instead he’d receive a leave of absence with pay, she said. Steele also told councillors that after five months of campus politicking with the UW senate, the Arts faculty council, the students societies and the federation, RAA “hasn’t gotten far and the situation is getting critical.” In addition, Steele pointed out that graduating students may be penalized by other academic institutions (i.e. their degrees might be held in question) if the dispute isn’t resolved soon. (Steele alluded to a motion passed Jan. 2.1 by the Carleton University’s school of social work which noted that: “until such time as academic freedom is restored, the qualifications issued by Renison must be held in question,” When contacted by the chevron social work chairman Martin Loney said the motion only applied to incoming I students for autumn 1975). When queried by math rep John Long as to the number of students involved in the sit-in, Steele stated that it didn’t really matter how many were involved in the occupation as what is needed is greater outside support from the campus community. The sit-in ended Tuesday after9 noon when RAA held a rally to promote its cause. Meanwhile, other councillors expressed concern over the militant action of RAA and the possible repercussions if the federation were to support it. - Departing federation president Andy Telegdi warned council that the action taken by RAA had been endorsed only by the steering’ committee and not by the body as a whole. Therefore he felt councillors should be- “wary of the occupation tactic” and pass a motion supporting RAA’s demands but not its actions. Telegdi was propped up by creative arts chairman Dave Kallay who averred the federation would risk losing its credibility if it supported the sit-in. However, both Telegdi and Kallay were slammed by publications. co-chairman Terry Harding who asked: “How can we express concern over inanimate offices when professors have been exorcized?“. “It seems people are more concemed‘with pieces of furniture than with the academic careers of the students and the fired professors,” the hirsute co-chairman stated.


I +

new executive

In Gher business, council endorsed federation president John Shortall’s 1975-76 executive pick: vice-president, Alan Kessel; treasurer, John- Long; entertainment chairwoman, Niki Klein; education perennial, Shane Roberts; dreative arts chairman-, Dave Kallay ; ,cooperative services chairman, Larry Pearson; and publications cochairmen Randy Hannigan and Terry Harding. There was considerable discussion in council on whether to appoint Niki Klein as entertainment chairwoman or stick to current GOordinator Art Ram. Most councillors felt “new blood” was needed in the board to spark innovative social events, and Klein seemed to fit the bill as she worked one year as social co-ordinator for Ryerson’s student , union.

Photo by randy. hannigan

Federation president john Shortall warned sttidents’ council Monday grave dangers posed by the current reviews of /ntegrited.Studies and Relations by l3W secate committees. “The federation must ensure reviews aien’t made solely on an economic basis,” he said. Informed disclosed Wednesday that Human Relations might be absorbed Psychology department. -z

Against -

of the Human that the sources by the

IDavis gov’t. -

Students plan pokal war Some 200 students from across Ontario met at Brock University last weekend to develop plans for a political war against the Bill Davis government in the face of its cutback on university and college financing. Meeeting for two days of workshop and general debate, representatives of almost every political persuasion, running the gamut from Progressive-Conservativethrough to the Revolutionary Marxist Group, hammered out strategic and tactical proposals.

Out of the workshops came a host of suggestions for ways students individually and collectively could contribute to the effort to protect universities and colleges. These include study sessions, letters to city newspapers, visits to high schools to enlist support, positions, and letters to local MPPs. In addition, there was the perennial discussion of the need to find ways of working with the general public, and seeking out support from sympathetic groups outside of the universities.

The common thread was a distaste for the general attitude of the Ontario government toward postsecondary education as evidenced by its budget for 1975-76.

D,uring the conference there were various non-students including the mayor of St. Catherines, faculty members, and Paul Forder of the Ontario Federation of Labour (OFL). Forder touched on two concerns of the students in addition to the broad’question of university funding, the abolition of tuition fees and the democratization of decisionmaking within the institutions. Forder said OFL was opposed to “tuition fees and related costs that operate as a deterrent to postsecondary education. We oppose any suggestion that education is a privilege reserved to the few, particularly if money is to be the criteria in choosing the few”.

The 13-person delegation from Waterloo consisted mostly of members of the Popular Student Front (PSF). PSF raised a few shackles on the floor of the conference when a spokesperson delivered a position laced with what some other delegates termed as “jargon’ ’ . At the same session, PSF crossed swords with a political sect known as the RMG over the role of the Ontario Federation of Students (OFS). The RMG attacked OFS, which had contributed funds and staff to help prom-, ote the conference, but failed to contribute measurably to the development of strategy for the provincial campaign OFS has been building with student groups. PSF contributed signifi&ntly to the rest of the weekend, including its plan for the workshops on Sunday which was accepted by the agenda commit-

Similar sentiments are escalating on-the campuses’. At a previous conference this term on the topic-of the “cutbacks”, delegates from member, students’ councils directed the OFS executive to speak out for the elimination of tuition fees. Previously OFS policy placed the abolition of tuition fees as a long-range

While national newspapers reported the “historic” first videotaping of a senate meeting in Ottawa, approximately 80 women from across Canada were being taped at the first national women’s centre conference in Thunder Bay. Virtually unnoticed by the press, representatives of most women’s centres in Canada met for three days;beginning Feb. 28, in order to discuss the feasibility of a national federation of women’s centres. The idea of a national federation of women’s’ centres officially started at the secretary of state consultation in October 1974, when specific women’s centres in Canada were asked to come to Ottawa to present their views on International Women’s Year. The reaction of the women’s centres present to the government’s plans ’ was overwhelmingly negative. However, the women there did some talking among themselves and realized that they all shared some basic problems. They were: a lack of communication between women’s centres in Canada, a lack of support between the centresand the problem of government interference with grants. The plans were-set into motion for a national women’s centre conference to be held in Thunder Bay in the beginning of March. Meanwhile, the Ottawa Women’s Centre sent out an opinion survey to all the women’s centres in Canada asking for their reactions to the idea of a federation. At the opening discussions on Feb. 28 several themes, ideas and questions came out that carried through the rest of the conference. The discussion was carried on in what Can be termed a collective fashion. Most women participated in presenting and discussing their views and the views of other women in an open, collective manner. It was agreed, generally, that women’s centres did have common problems, but they were difficult to define. Some women did not want a federation that was organized on a hierarchial structure. They wanted a grassroots organization where each women’s place could deal with national issues or an individual basis. The importance of recognizing the differenees between women’ s centres in different regions came to the forefront of the discussions time and time again. This was the reason that some women wanted an organization formed that was not top-heavy or bureaucratic. The native women also voiced this concern. They had dealt too many times with the bureaucrats in Ottawa and wanted nothing of them in -the women’s movement. One question that the native women raised concerned the usefulness of them joining a national federation. They wanted to know of what good the federation would be to them. Many women’s centres in Canada are located in areas where there are substantial native populations yet few native women are found in women’s centres in these areas. - The native women have formed native and cultural centres across Canada that have been operating, in some cases, twice as long as most women’s centres. The question of having a central -clearinghouse, resource or women’s centre appeared in many of the discussions during the conference. It was felt by some that a national centre should be formed to gather information and serve as a resource to Canadian women. This centre would also organize referendums and polls on various critical issues affecting women. If, for example, a centre was being



. ;



_the chevron

Classif ied Lost _

, I

Brown Wallet in pat. Lost Sun. March 9. Would appreciate return of ID, etc. Please call 884-9042.

For Sale

Drums, Stewart, double set.2 basses, 4 toms, snare, high hat, cymbals thrqne. Phone 745-8195. Bar Manager/Bar Manageress at the Graduate Club, University of Waterloo. Deadline for applications Marbh 21, 1975. Interviews March 24-27,1975. Job to commence April 21, 1975. Responsibilities include .day to day running of bar and house, stock-keeping and inventory, scheduling of part-time help . and observance of liquor laws of Ontario. Send resume to Mr. R. Reganam, Graduate Club, UW, Waterlod, Ont. Typists required for the typing of essays at% theses. Anyone wishing to have his or her name placed on the’ Graduate Club typing list, please send brief typewritten resume stating typing experience and equipment available to Graduate

Club, University of Waterloo, Schweitzer Farmhouse, Waterloo. Waiters, waitresses, doormen and kitchen people wanted for summer at Hotel Imperial in Grand Bend. Per hour wages plus good tips. Interviews on campus Tuesday, March 25th, contact Plac$ment Office for further details.


from losing myself in loneliness. Anyone with time please write. ‘Joseph Grisson 140-264, Box 69, London, Ohio 43130, USA. It’s income tax time again, for assistance at reasonable rates call 884-2486 after 4 pm.


Will do typing in home. $.40 per page. Experienced. Please call Marg at Are you pregnant? If you need confiden- - 578-8923. tial, concerned personal assistance call Birthright 579-3990. Pregnancy teq;ts. Typing at; home, 743-3342 Westmount area. Thesis, esays; reasonable rates. Gay Lib Office CC 217C open MonExcellent service, no math papers. Thurs 7-10 pm & most afternoons for counselling and information. Phone Fast accurate typing. $.40 a page. IBM 885-1211 ext. 2372. , Selectric.-Located in Lakeshore Village. Call 884-6913 anytime. Pregnant and Distressed? Birth Control Centre 885-1211, ext. 3446. Doctor reExperienced typist will do typing in own ferrals, unplanned and unwanted prehome, residence within *walking disgnancy counselling and follow-up birth tance of campus. Please call 884-6351. control information. Complete confidence. Student is experienced in cleaning and repairing typewriters. Also rents typewMan doing time in prison with no family riters. Reasonable. Call Bill at 634-5592 or friends that care. Need help to keep aft?r 5pm.

Typing of essays efficiently done by Mrs. McLean. 885-4314. Typing in own home; $40 per page. Experienced. please call Lynn at 578-5878.



Townhouses for rent, May to Sept. 4 bedrooms, pool, near Parkdale Plaza, $170 plus utilities, 885-0837. Single rooms, two, male, for summer term. Flourescent lightihg, insulated, fully panelled. Private entrance & bath. Frig, toaster, teakettle, but no cooking allowed. 5 min. walk to either university. $13.50 weekly. 884-3629. Mrs. Dorscht, 204 Lester, Waterloo. Single room available immediately. Share kitchen & bath. Near Waterloo Square $55/m, 579-4496. Married studevts 2 bedroom apartment to syblet May to Sept. Partly furnished. Phone 884-3385. Sublet 2 bedroom apartment well furnished for summer term. At Phillip ?T


-Howmuchshouldyoudrink? Everyone has a limit, and. overindulgence of any sort - in work or play, food or drink - does nothing good for you. .


Fortunately, irig anything look pn their a pleasureJo

most Canadians aren’t interested in provwhen it comes to beverage alcohol. They fav’brite drink not as a challenge, but as be enjoyed in moderation. --, How much should you drink? To most people that’s no problem. But if it is a problem’to someone you know, . why not urge that person to see a physician. You may -well be doing him or her a favor.


I 4, I 975

Clas4fied ads are accented betweeq 8 and 4 in the chkvron office. See the chehon Secretary. Rates are 50 cents for the first fifteen words and five cents for each additional word. Deadline is noon Tuesdays.




co-op, 5 minutes from campus, $15!j/n?o. Will also consider renting 1 bedroom for $77/mo. ,Phone’ Pe’ter 885-0937. Sublet May-Sept. Luxurious 3 bedroom apartment, completely furnished. Lakeshore, ideal for students or visiting Prof. 884-1393. ’ Apartment available, April to Sept. 2 bedrooms, ideal for 4 people, fully furnished, 5 minute walk td campus, behind Westmount Plaza. Call 742-5014, anytime. SpaciouS 2 bedroom apartment for sublet May 1 to Sept. 1, parking, cable, carpets. King and University. $180/monthly, negotiable. Call Judy 884-3206. Townhouse-summer-Lakeshore village needed 2 guys, shared, 3 bedrooms, sundeck, fully furnished. 757-6888.


House for Sale-Lincoln Hts. Large 3 bedroom two storey, ret room, attached garage, cedar deck. Phone 884-i 587 or I-595-453 1.

cheat your kids


TORONTO (CUP)-Parents should not short-cha?ige their children nutritionally by relying on high-priced junk breakfast cereal. That is the waming in a well-researched allticle ,in Consumer Reports (Feb/75) on a study of 44 brands of cereal. The definition applied to a food’s nutritional value was “its relative ability to sustain life . . .not only survival but also health and for children, growth.. . ” The study found that virtually all the heavily .advertised junk cereals fall short of this criterion. “None should be relied on for comp’lete breakfast nutrition: add an egg, juice or meat,” it advised. The article noted that the pitch to children by the manufacturers often has no relationship to food value. “Most of the cereals tested were at least 70% darbohydrates, most of it present in the form of sugar.. .” It noted that as far back as 1600 an English writer had commented that “the overuse of sugar plumes and confections rotteth the teeth.” Trick advertising has been used-to imply adequate protein content in a cereal-a much overlooked one linking a cereal served “with four ounces of milk” as a good source of ‘protein. The article quotes consumer reporter Sydney Margolius: “If milk is the main nutritional value in eating dry cereals, then there are obviously easier ways to drink it than with a spoon. ’ ’ Of 44 brands studied, “about one-fifth of all the packages contained air rather than cereal”, a practice known as ‘slack fill’ in the trade. The report pointed out that in the 44 brands there were 17 different package sizes ranging from 4 to 28 ounces; it recommended that this prolifkration of sizes be reduced to four. Another proposal was packaging in see through containers that would lower the package’s contribution to the cost paid by the consumer. One i=ompany, it was noted, is test-marketing a cereal in plastic bags with ads saying, “You don’t eat a cereal box-why pay extra for it?” As Consumer Report asks, “Why, indeed?”



I 4,

I Y/

the chevrpn


ference in a survey fashion. For instance, from the metro, urban, rural and native women’s work-shops on federation the following survey was composed: all four groups saw the need for regional strength; four supported both federation and regionalization; four wanted a communications network; three discussed the formation of archives. One group was against the formation of a federation; . three groups favoured organizing on both regional and national levels, four groups stated the need for a grassroots orgamzation. The pendulum swung back from the acceptance of the federation at the metro, urban, rural workshops toits rejection at the regional workshops. It was felt by many women that the organization was moving too fast and that more time would be spent on the question of federation. Energies were at a low level after the session. However, they did pick up after Ann Woodsworth from Cleari6ghouse for Feminist Media and Kate Middleton from the Feminist News Service spoke on their respective organizations. The Clearinghouse for Feminist M&lia is operating a feasibility study to discover the needs of women’s groups in Canada for a national communications and referral centre for women’s programmes and interests. The focus of the study is to study these functions in relationship to an exchange of information and human resources from page 3 across Canada, especially in rural or remote areas. The Clearingobjective and not an immediate house received support from the concern. to continue in its aims Forder also addressed himself to conference and its responsiveness to women’s the position of the OFL on the govcentres. erning of universities and colleges. The Feminist News Service (FNS) The OFL is in favour of equal repemerged from the need of womens resentation on boards of goverand publications for nors; from the municipality, the newspapers sort of news and some staff and faculty, the students and information-exchange service. general public. According to. OFL FNS was conceived in December “students, faculty, support staff, at the first national Canadian and citizens should have the right women’s press conference. to participate in the democratic As the woman from FNS stated administration of the educational “if we had decided in Saskatoon to institution.” go home and discuss matters regThe stance of the 800, OOO-member OFL reinforced the ionally, the FNS would not be in existence. ’ ’ view by many of the students that Plans were also laid-in the &al the trade union movement is poten- tially a powerful ally. During the general meeting for the next general women’s centre conference to workshops there was talk, though, be held in a year’s time. By then of other groups in the ~community even more women will be comthat should be approached. Among municating across Canada both these were poverty and welfare within the communications netgroups, secondary school teachers, work and within each present and , church groups and neighbourhood potential women’s place. And associations. when the women get together, Four main considerations seem there’s no telling what will happen. to have come out ofthe conference: -kati yiddleton Continued organizing on the cam- pus not only among the students but also including non-academic staff and faculty; further ,developmerit of work with the media in an effort to make the general public aware of the threat to higher education posed by the provincial *government’s policies; the building of political alliances with community groups and the trade unions which have expressed a concern for what is happening; direct pressure on Queen’s Park through the cabinet, the individual members of the legislative assembly, (and the opposition parties, all of this keying up for the provincial elections anticipated in the fall. On the issue of the provincial ‘elections, the idea of supporting any particualr party at the moment A proposal for was rejected. generating a “war chest” to- back candidates was also shelved for the time-being. It was widely agreed, though, that student organizations should plan to take an active role during ‘the elections and be prepared to mount massive public campaigns. from page 3 closed by government pressure, this centre could notify the other centres across Canada to help take action on the issue. _ There was a definite split in thinking over the idea of a national centre. It bothered many women because they felt that this would lead to a top-heavy organization or an organization devoted mainly to action. Women’s centres across Canada are at various stages of development. The older and the more radical centres are willing to participate in taking action on important issues. However, many centres are devoted mainly to service or operating within conservative boundaries. Therefore, they are not as interested in organizing for political action. Due to the differences of opinion, the issue of having a national women’s centre could not be ratified. During the conference the women met at different times and in various groups. Workshops were held on the idea of federation at two separate occasions, in metropolitan, urban and rural groups, in regional groups and also in cultural groups. The results of the workshops were presented at general meetings in which the consensus of each workshop group was piesented. The general reactions of the workshop groups were then tabulated and presented to the con-



Campus centre dance society.


were treated


to a free show , .

of impressionistic


I’ D w

staged by the UW

Photo by michael gordon

Food Co-op splits


The Waterloo Food Co-op has groups will be asked to volunteer definitely split into store and services and provide prompt paywarehouse methods of food sup- ’ ment for goods. The cells will retain internal autonomy as to how Ply* . these obligations are fulfilled, and The break-up came as a result of representatives from each cell will incompatible proposals to solve the be. required to co-ordinate acproblem of losses incurred by the previous method of operation, tlvities* Both store and warehouse will which amounted to an estimated handle prepackaged goods. Mem$6,500. . _ bers of the store will shop indepenThe philosophy mouthed by dently in the store’s previous locathose promoting the continuation tion in the Laurel building, and will of the store defines therole of the choose the goods they desire from store as a distributor of gpod food the shelves. Cells in the warehouse rather than as a cooperative venwill send representatives to the ture. It will provide as many people former storeroom and pick up food as possible with “whole foods”. As which had been ordered colleca result, only minimal co-operation tively by each cell. It will be reand volunteer service can be ex- turned to the cell community and -petted from the vast majority of its divided among the members. members. A full-time store-keeper The co-op purports to serve the has been hired to mind the store function of providing an alternative and co-ordinate the operations. Members of the store will. pay a 15 food source for those’ who desire Percent markup. and non-members from the community as a whole-can purchase goods’ at a tentative 40 percent markup. The warehouse contains most‘ of the active members of the old operation, who want to see the workload spread more equitably. There is strong oppositionto the’hiring of paid employees as this would detract from the essence of a co.operative. It is hoped that the new functioning system will encourage tighter relations among the community of its members. The warehouse will retain cells as the functional units, and these’

“whole foods” but do not want to patronize the “rip-off’ health food stores. ‘ ‘Health foods are for peopie to make money on, but ‘whole foods’ are for people to become healthy with,” states the co-op’s motto. Presently, the food supply ineludes dried fruit, nuts, beans, grains, flours, spices, teas and oils, as well as various other whole foods. Both groups are investigating better sources of organic food, and hope to soon carry yogurt, cheese, fresh fruit and vegetables as the store once did. For the next few weeks, both the store and warehouse will function individually in their new locations under the method of operation employed by the old store. The two enterprises will co-operate in ievery way possible. -brian





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Sat. March 15 9:00 Music with Jim McFadden Noon Scope-U.N. 12:15 Music with Reid Robertson 3:00 Music with Ian Alien 6:00 BBC African Theatre 6:30 Music with Jim Waldram 900 The Nine to Twelve Show Midn. Music with Don Cruikshank Sun. March 16 Noon Belgian Press Review 12:15 Classical music with David Villeneuve 3:00 Classical music with Ian McMillan 530 Near and far outInterview with Boris ’ Timkulu - _ 6:30 Music with Steve Favell and Gord Wood 9:00 Music with Phil LaRocque Midn. Music with Vic Decker

Mon. 9:00 Noon 12:15 3:00 6:00

March 17 Music-with Sandy Moroz . Perspectives-UN. Music with Paul Bennett Music with Mark Perrin _ Community servicesWorld F,oom 6:30 Music with Donna Rogers


9:00 Concert CanadienBeverly Glen Copeland 9:30 Mellow Music with Tim Paulin Midn. The Mike DeVillaer Midnight Music Show Tue. March 16 9:00 -Music with ‘Doug Maynes Noon Thinking Out LoudRadio Moscow 1215 Music with Reinhart Christiansen 2:45 BBC Science Magazine 3:15 Music with Roger Gartland 5:30 ProfileDr. John Pappianno on “Megalopolis” 6:30 Music with Al Wilson 9:00 This week at the pub 9:30 Music with Dave Preston and Jack Langer Midn: Music with Bill Chaiton Wed. 9:00 Noon 12:15 3:00 5:30

March 19 ’ Music with Rick Armstrong Rest of the News Music with Ewen Brocklehurst Music with Pam Newman Political RealitiesA socialist energy policy for Canada, with Jim Laxer 6:00 Discussion--quality of life

6:30 Music with and Steve 9:00 Music with Midn. Music with Thur. 9:00 Neon 12:15 3:00 600 6:30 9:00 Midn.


14, 1975

Dave Horn LaGear Bruce Armstrong Ian Layfield

March 20 Music with Mike Arnold Soviet Press Review Music with Neil Green and Joe Belliveau Music with David Buckingham Regional GovernmentBill Thompson, Regional Planner Music with Bob Valiant and Hans Zschach Music with Ivan Zendel Music with Larry Starecky and Andy Bite

Fri. March 21 Noon BBC WORLD REPORT 12:15 Music with Tim Bowland 2:45 Agency For International Development 3:15 Music with Phil Rogers 6:00 The World Around UsDevelopment in the Canadian North , 6:30 Music with Peter Chant 9:00 The Mutant Hour. with Bill Wharrie Midn. Music with Gord Swatters


. expires <‘ March 21/75

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the chevron


This -week

-AhacKenzie .



This week the Campus Centre have aspirations to record in the Pub is featuring MacKenzie, a drivfuture, and are currently working ing, rollicking, five-man ensemble between engagements on new origL with solid impact, building talent inal material for their act and for and unlimited potential. demonstration tapes. They are confident that once perfected, their “We’re a good-time rock and roll material will meet with success. band,” explains Grant Heywood, lead singer and occasional acoustic “We’ve got a lot of different posguitarist for the band. “Our music sibilities with our instrumentahovers around Johnny Winter, The tion,” Wasehkowski said. “Grant Allman Brothers, Eagles-, Led not only sings.,, but plays drums and Zeppelin, and we do a Byrds medguitar as well, and we’re going to be ley.” getting into different percussive things. And our drummer is thinkThe band is relatively young, having been together for just over a ing of starting to play vibes.” “We’re working on a rendition of month, Due to the death of their Zeppelin’s ‘Stairway to Heaven’ keyboard player last New Years using recorders, and our lead guitar _Eve, Mackenzie faced the prospect player plays a really good slideof having to disband entirely, until guitar, and doubles on harp sometheir manager approached three times,” Heywood added. members of a group called Ryder Most of MacKenzie’s songs feaand convinced them to join MacKFarlow, their ture .Simon enzie. They are: Dave- Thomas 19-year-old nimble-fingered lead (rhythm guitar), Tom Wasguitarist. Far from being a conserchkowski (bass guitar), and drumvative guitarist, he pulls out all the mer Al Davies. In light of the fact that they suf- stops and astounds the listener with fered untimely tragedy and his speedy, intricate lead riffs.. He interprets well the hard rock of have had only a month to perfect Winter and The Allman Brothers, their material, Mackenzie is doing he remarkably well. Their timing is and unlike many guitarists, knows when to play and when to be good, and they have that all imporquiet. tant professionalintuition of know; Waschkowski’s subtle but intriing exactly what each member of cate bass lines,’ coupled with Al the band is going todo at any given Davies’ drumming, provide a solid time. upon Jwhich Farlow and “We haven’t really had a lot of structure Thomas create some pleasant, time to do the things that we want harmonic double leads. Heywood to do,” bassist Waschkowski said, is new in the role of lead-singer, and “but’ we’ve put a show together though his voice has not yet acthat we’re all pretty happy with. quired the strength and projection We’re still learning about each their type of music requires, it other’s tastes, and hopefully as WY that comes th-rough most clearly in work in more original material we’ll songs like The Rolling Stones’ develop our own distinct sound.” “Wild Horses”. “We’re still a bit shaky, but it’s When asked about whether the getting tighter,” Heywood added. band enjoys playing in bars, At this time, their repertoire in- Heywood replied: “In most bars, cludes only one original song, but the management doesn’t underthey hope to have eight or ten stand that we have to play our worked in by early summer. Wasmusic loud. Usually the bar is right chkowski and Heywood do most of near the stage so they’re always the composing for the band, though asking us to turn down our amps. they all have a hand in the arrangeThey don’t understand. They’re ments. Like most groups, they just interested in making money off

Photo by michael gordon

.the beer they’re selling, and don’t realize that you can’t play Led Zeppelin with your volume knobs at one. It just can’t be done.” However, they have no complaints about the Campus Centre Pub. As Heywood explains; “The nice thing about university pubs-I guess you- could classify them as bars-is that the audience is all

pretty well the same age, and so it’s easier for them to understand what we’re doing. We can play the kind of music we like .” “It’s easier to relate to a university audience ,” says Waschkowski. “We had a good Monday night here. The audience was good. They clapped after every song. :’

If you like your music loud, hard-driving and mildly sophisticated, MacKenzie is the band to hear. And oh yeah; you can dance to it too if you like. They finish at the Pub this Saturday night, but if you missed them or want to see them again, they will be playing at WLU next week. -jim


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14, 1975

MONTREAL (CUP)-The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved the use of diethylstilbesJ trol (DES) as a “morning afSer” birth contrbl pill, according to a report in the Montreal Gazettk Feb. 13. The Gazette article appeared the day after the Daily reported that some daughters of women who took DES to prevent miscarriage are now developing a rare form of vagi’nal and cer%l cancer. The first direct link between ,DES and cancer was discovered in 1970 when Dr. Arthur Herb& of Harvard University found that young women developing vaginal cancer had mothers who took DES during pregnancy. In the US., DES was hidely \ used in the 1950’s to prevent miscarriage. It is estimated that 50,000 female fetuses were exposed to the carcinogenic effects of the drug during this period. The effectiveness of DES for preventing miscarriage -has since been disproved. According to the Gazette, “Experts have estimated that between 3,000 and 27,000 women have or will experience DES-linked cancer.” The extent of DES use in the Montreal area for preventing miscarriage is still unknown, but it was probably very limited. According to Dr. Mary Ellen Kirk, a” pathologist at the Montreal General, ‘*‘As far as the cancer goes, I _ don’t know. of a single case in -Montreal. ’ ’ Kirk suggested that young women who suspect they were exposed to DES during their fetal development should see. their gynaecologist. The Gazette report noted that DES is marketed in Canada under the brand uame Honvol and Stibilium, and is used for the treatment of prosta’tic carcinoma and menopausal disorders,


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14, 1975

the chevron

Casework/ veks The dispute at Renison has now been going on since the beginning of the school term in September. I say September and not Oct. 31, when the Renison firings occur-red, because the events of the latter date were only the culmination of a series of events. One need only refer to the history and student concern regarding thehonours programme, or the donation to the Objibwa Warriors Society, to cite just two examples. I have been very actively involved in what has been happening at Renison, and have followed with close interest the differences of opinion expressed at various times in the chevron. Several times I have been tempted to answer point by point criticisms against the RAA and my costudents. However it is not on these issues that I wish to express a view, but rather the inferences that have been expressed at different times and again in Brian MacKay’s letter of last week, that the courses taught by Drs. M. & J. Forest are not related to social work. Since before coming to university two years ago, I had worked for a total of five years in the social work area with psychiatrists, ps’ychologists, caseworkers, and clients, I believe I have some qualifications for speaking on this subject.


First of all one has to define “Social Ask a few friends about their Work”. image of a social worker. Nine times out of ten one gets the stereotyped image-a person (usually a woman) who may visit the home, but to whom the client usually must visit in an office, who listens to all their problems and has all the answers, a person who checks out whether another person is cheating on welfare or unemployment insurance, and whether there’s a man hiding under the bed. Although the persons in these positions are required and usuahy have their M.S. W. degrees, they are not in fact true Social workers. They are better classified as “caseworkers”. Most clients are “cases” with a number and a file a mile ‘thick, and who have been .bounced around from’ one agency to another. It is not the fault of the caseworker that they are so over-burdened with their case loads that they have little time to be true social workers, or even

. /


human beings to the people they are workwas economically based. At that point I ing with. couldn’t analyse too clearly why money These are what I call “clinically oriented shouldbe‘the link, I only knew at that point caseworkers”. The majority of their trainthat it was. Being the type of person I am, ing, as did mine, taught us to focus on the e the arrival at this conclusion was not individual and their problems; and to help enough for me. The next step was to <find ~ him or her feel more co’mfortable and out how and why, and maybe on the way I happy in society with their problems. We would learn about s.ome other common are taught all about the symptoms and how links, even though I didn’t know what they to deal with them-i.e. alcoholism, were. I looked towards furthering my eduneurosis, crime, and drugs-but the basic cation and of all the universities I checked causes of the problems and what to do out, it appeared Renison College, or rather about them are barely touched upon. the faculty there, could give me the infor, mation I needed and wanted. What I am saying is that the majority of caseworkers are taught to focus upon indiThis they did. Racism, sexism, oppresvidual, psychological causes for a person’s sion, exploitation, capitalism, imperialism, behaviour and unhappiness rather than etc., were no longer intellectual sounding being taught that there just may be some words with some vague meaning. They becommon social cause. It is this focussing came concepts and real things that I could on “individuality” which prevents relate to. I could get a real feeling and uncaseworkers from being true “Social” derstanding of them because of.things I had 4 workers. \ encountered when working. These are the The next most obvious question is issues and subjects of which I have learned “What is a true social worker?” To me it is from people such as the Forests,.M. Weba person who is concerned and is creating ber, and D. Bryant. They are also the issocial awareness and conciousness, and sues to which the Forests address all their works towards social change in the condicourses, and it is evident to myself and tions which are causing people to be unemothers that these issues -are very related ployed, on welfare, in mental institutions, and relevant to “social” work. To say that or in prison. But how can one go about this the Forests have not “any education, experience, or interest in the profession of if they are taught only the social symptoms social work ,’ ’ and conditions, and not the social causes? is an incredibly naive stateAfter my student training years and subment for MacKay to make. A question for Renison students would sequent graduation, and as a dutifully trained childcare worker, I focussed all my be, which do they wish to become, the learning and attention on the individual and caseworker or the “social” worker. Our looked for any little individual sign that society does not want workers who want to would point the way as to why the person in work towards changing social conditions. front of me/was behaving and having the It wants the workers who will work with problems they were. However ‘as two and individuals and keep the present system three years passed by, I not only susand conditions. An example of what I mean pected, -but knew that something was can be taken from a student who said, “I wrong with the analyses I had been taught. like poor people. ” Well Idon’t. I like peoThere just couldn’t be this many individuple, but I don’t like the fact that the majorals all having the same kinds of ,problems, ity of them are poor. The person who made ’ being caused by individual factors. There the first statement helps perpetuate the had to be a common link’s common present system and conditions, in that they cause. like poor people and will help them deal I began thinking back on all the various with their poorness. The second viewpoint people who had been clients, what type of expresses a dislike for poverty and a wilproblems they incurred, and what could lingness to work towards social change, so they all possibly have in common. It did not that conditions of poverty will someday no take as long to find an answer as I thought it longer exist. would. The majority of people did not have That Renison wishes to produce enough to live on, and a few people,had too caseworkers and not social workers is evimuch. There it was, the common factor denced by the actions which have occurred


there-during the past few months. People like the Forests who give a social analysis, .rather than an individual one, are kicked out. As MacKay correctly pointed out, you don’t have to take a course from the Forests to “be exposed at a deep level to the ,issues of poverty, racism; oppression, and exploitation”. Howe,ver, during my two years at Renison I have taken core courses with all but two of the Social Sci. ence Applied profs, and with the exception of one or two, none have dealt with the above issues at as deep a level as have the Forests. Because of the level of teaching and‘ awareness students were gaining, many became involved in social change groups and student representatives began running on a more political platform. Since the majority of these were students of the Forests, and since the traditional student/administrative relationships were being questioned by the students, it appeared something drastic to occur-which of course it did. MacKay said that he was going to take a course with ,the Forests but then changed * his mind. Well that’s fine and great and he is perfectly within his rights to do so. The’ point that concerns me, is that the choice is 1 being taken away from a great majority of Renison students. If they stay at Renison they will be forced to take courses that will again teach them individual, psychological analyses only. This is illustrated by the principal’s desire to institute a string of educational psych courses. These courses are already being taught on the main campus, so why does Renison need them? The right of a social analyses is being denied us. The decision one has to make is whether one wishes to keep things going as they are, i.e., be a caseworker, or struggle for change and become a social worker in the true sense of the word. It has taken a long while and many experiences to arrive at my present views regarding casework vs. social work. I have come a long way in my learning and still have a long way to go. I learn much from exchanging ideas with people and would welcome any other comments, opinions, or criticisms about “What is a social worker?” Many of our institutions are coming under scrutiny and criticism, and I believe social work should too. -Carolyn sawyer

Engineers:their conditioned attitudes ,-



The continuing controversy on this campus,, concerning the attitudes of “science” students has not been properly dealt with. What has been presented for debate is only a set of labels, which certain parties have applied to groups of the student population in an attempt to identify the distinct segments of their social environment which do not blend with their notions about what the university should be. Inevitably, their observations are framed in terms of their own peculiar vocabularies which are necessarily not acceptable’, or incomprehensible, to the student groups which they are criticizing. These public accusations of parochialism only seem to serve the overall goal of the university, which is to provide government and industry with a continuing stream of specialized technicians. Given that the segmentation of students along certain disciplinary boundaries is intensified enough by the physical and administrative layouts of the university, the verbal cock-fighting in which students of various faculties have chosen to indulge in seems a waste of energy when, in order to concentrate on self-justification, it evades most of the issues which are important. To use the language of probably the most aligned group on the campus, the engineers, the real problems engendered by the attitudes which have come under criti-

cism should be identified and solutions ‘tion of social organizations. Clearly this in sought for. In other words, for what connot an outlook which is peculiar to enstructive purpose should we want to critigineers but, in Anglo-Saxon societies in cize the attitudes and behaviour of particuparticular, is shared extensively by social lar groups of students? Perhaps the first I scientists. It has been nurtured carefully requirement for meaningful discussion is during the past 200 hundred years of global the abandonment of misleading labels. domination by Britain and the United While the traditional stereotypes which are States. It is perhaps not an inaccurate used here are a simple aid to ordering one’s ,. generalization to state that in countries outlook, they should not be applied indiswhich are emerging into industrialization criminately . “Engineer” should not neces*’ and/or are politically unstable, students of sarily represent an engineering student. It engineering and technology perceive their is more accurately a metaphor which can roles more specifically in terms of social explain the predominant belief at this uni- . and ‘political reform, with technology as versity that the solutions to environ’mental their instrumentation. To what extent are problems lie in the “proper” application of the political dispositions of students in technology. In this context, pollution betechnological pro’grammes in France, comes an aberrant but temporary beGreece, Egypt, Chile and Czechoslovakia havioural aspect of technology, because consistent with the prevailing activism of we have only been wetting our ecological students in general in those countries? (It is diapers and there is no question that the interesting to* note that when the Ecole mess can be cleaned up. As well, solutions Polytechnique of the University of to the ‘dilemmas of housing, sanitation, Montreal used to send delegates to the health care and nutrition are defined in Canadian Congress of Engineering Stuterms of corporate social responsibility and dents, they were always the most politia more efficient (although determinis’ cally vociferous). tic) government administration in these Certainly, p&-t of the failure of campus areas. radicalism in North America can be attriThe engineering approach’ to modelling buted to the lack ofsupport from students and restructuring the world is made with of technology. One need only recall that the fullest confidence in the tools of techmuch publicity was given, at the time, to nology, whether they be electronics, operthe opposition of science and engineering ations research, or the computer simula. students to the sit-ins at Columbia in 1968.

For them, concerned about the completion of their academic year, technology was not a tool for reform but a path to social and financial security. Such an attitude is always justifiable, particularly when it applies to people from disadvantaged econo~mic backgrounds who are attempting to improve their capacity to survive. However the pivotal issue in the Columbia sitins concerned an entire community which existed and still exists at the survival level-Harlem. We are still facing similar issues today because we have a similar dichotomy of attitudes. One of the frequently expressed fears of students here, especially women, concerning the education of engineers, is that there is little consideration given to the importance of protecting the natural environment. This is an example of how the criticisms of engineers can be poorly focused Whether technology can be our most important tool for environmental protection, the ecological dimension has been, or will be, adequately embedded in the engineering curriculum. The more significant issue, and the problem which stems from it, can best be explained by an anecdote. . Recently, I questioned some engineering students about comments they had made concerning the chevroi’s extensive coverage of black African liberation movements. continued on page 11





the chevron-

To be.- .‘i-.oi not io,be> ’

A so-called debate was held last Monday night by. the Philosophy Society on the question of abortion. Dr. D. DeMarco, pro-life and Dr, Narqason, pro-abortion, were the two participants. The term ‘debate’ is qualified because the format did not quite warrant it. The two principals gave position statements to start off with --and then answered alternately four questions which were submitted to them beforehand by the moderator. After’ this first part, the floor was op_ened to questions -from the audience. During the question period, the reason for the chosen format became obvious. In a debate, De , Marco and Narvason would never have been able to get anywhere, since they would have been talking from different understandings. De Marco enunciated three major points in his initial presenta. tion. Firstly, the assignment of stages and cut-off points in the development of the human being is arbitrary since from science we know of the continuum of development from zygote to newborn to adult. Secondly, “we live in a,n age - filled with paradoxes.” Everyone is unhappy but society is unable to get a consensus on what is the cause of the malaise. ‘ ‘If anything is wrong, it is the judicial condemnation of innocent life.” Yet we have the condemnation of innocent foetal life. Thirdly, abortion represents “a strange, unfair attitude towards the foetus.” Those who are against abortion are already born. The ‘foetus can not articulate his position but we can read his speech from his development. De Marco continued that “had we been conceived when abortion was legal, a lot of us would not be here.” Narvason, in his introductory rsmarks, first noted that the initial 2 question has to be whether abortion is wrong, The secondary question is whether it is appropriate to have laws against abortion on demand. The basic question is not a scientific one, but one to be resol-

ved by ethical arguments. We know that the foetus is alive and a part of homo sapiens but this does not mean it has a right to life. (Narvason expanded upon this later.) In further remarks, Narvason pdinted out that he did not agree with the premise, used in the syllogism of the right to life people, that “a foetus is a person”. The terms in this premise are ambiguous and the proponents are quickly brought to circularity if asked to define what they mean. Narvason examined what he termed, “the claim of ‘right to life’ “, to have two levels: (a) X has right to life, i.e. nobody may deprive X of its right, (b) Other beings who are capable of doing so have a duty to maintain X Because of-the dependence of the foetus on the mother’s support, (b)sis the stronger claim and is the one relevant to our issue. Narvason will refer to this often in the course of the debate as claim ‘b’. “It isn’t fair to argue that abortion kills the foetus,” but simply that after a. certain time, “it cannot avail itself of the mother’s services.” The question then is whether the mother has a duty to keep supporting the. thing. After these initial statements, the ‘debate’ proceeded to the second stage, the prepared questions. (What follows are excerpts, paraphrasings, and summaries. The reporter does not make any pretense to completeness.) Question 1: Society is governed largely by men.’ All women’s organizations stand for .the women’s right to have control of her body. Anti-abortion legislation has been consequently c,onstraining women to bear babies. On this basis, please comment on abortion. Narvason: What is the-right of the mother to the use of her body? The claim of people to have an inalienable right to their body is somewhat ‘odd’. It is necessary to make a distinction between . overridable fd

14,- 1975

degenerate into a logic contest between the two philosophers. Fortunately our brave moderator stepped in and helped to regain a modicum of order. De Marco: (Continuing with Question 3) One may have reverence for life even though one eats living-’ things. Schweitzer only meant that he frowned upon indiscriminate killing which is not sensitive to intrinsic values. “Abortion on demand is a re-enactment of Nazi Germany.” In Nazi Germany, a loss ofthe perception of internal rights occurred and arbitrary, authoritarian assessment was made. The use of this example is though unfortunate because of the extremity of the German situation. In the later discussion, De Marco was challenged on the point that anti-abortionists, by enacting the appropriate legislation, exercise exactly the authoritarianism which De Marco takes exception to. De Marco’s answer involved the statement that what he tried to achieve was an agreement, an objective decision that would grow out of discussion. Unfortunately, the lady’s further remark, that she wants the freedom to decide, was swallowed up in rhetorical exchanges between De Marco and Narvason. In this reporter’s opinion, De Marco did not handle the lady’s question adequately . Question 4: Dostoevsky wrote, “If God is dead, everything is allowed.” Is the discussion of God relevant to the abortion issue? ‘fEverything is alDe Marco: lowed.” Taking the biblical stories as examples, the angels could transgress and Adam could transgress. There is no connection between belief in God and morality. Many immoral things have been done by those who unquestionably believed, e.g. crusades and wars. There are many atheists. and agnostics who are opposed to abortion and also there is a Catholics for Abortion committee in the U.S. The issue of abortion cuts across religious ‘and political distinctions. (In deference to Dostoevsky, the quote from the Karamazovs has meaning in context.) Narvason: This is about the only point on which complete agreemnt with De Marco was voiced by Narv&on. -laszlo

Member: Canadian university press (CUP). The chevron is typeset by members of the workers union of dumont press graphix (CNTU) and published by the federation of students incorporated, university of waterloo. Content is the. sole responsibility of the chevron editorial staff. Offices are located in the* campus Centre; (519) 885-l 660, or university local 2331.





facia) rights and indefeasihas right to life (in the claim ‘b’ sense) if it has self-consciousness ble (non-overridable) rights. The (emotional and intellectual), if it example of Siamese twins shows has a concept of itself and if it has a that one’s rights are not indefeasinotion of its future. Against the ble but prima facia, i.e. a reason must be given for-. overstepping contention that the foetus is in itself good and beneficial, Narvason ar; them. . gued that whether the existence of De Marco: Instead of attempting to formulate an answer, De Marco fothe thing is good or beneficial does cused on pointing out the deficiennot entail that it has a right to life. Continuing on with question cies in the question itself. First, the statement that society is largely number two, Narvason argued dominated by men is unacceptable against the statement that potento him. For example, laws are tiality gives a ‘b’ type of claim to slanted in some respects towards life. As an example,, consider a women and women have dominion being, which would become human over foetal life. Second, all if you spliced it- into your blood women’s movements do not claim stream and left it so for nine for their members this strong right months. One is not obliged to make to the use of their bodies. There are the splicing even though the-potenwomen’s liberation pro-life groups. tiality is there in the initial thing, i.e. one is not obliged to actualize Third, that women are deliberately kept in the home to nurse babies is the potentiality. Question 3: Albert Schweitzer said, again not evident. Women may give their babies up for adoption. In “If man loses reverence for any summary, De Marco stated that the part of life, man loses reverence for question was a good one as an exall life.” Does this loss of reverence pression of a popular sentiment; lead towards the horrors of Nazi under analysis though, it shows itGermany? self to be shallow. Narvason: To counter Schweitzer Question 2: Is the foetus a person simply ask whether a piece of letand is this question relevant to the tuce has the right to life. The arguquestion of abortion? ment with respect to Nazi Germany De Marco: De Marco went through has the abstract qualities, of the a short history of the word ‘person’ slippery slope argument that is and found that anti-abortionists are often used by anti-abortionists also reahy the ones who wish to use the to justify not assigning any point to term since they can make it mean the beginning of the possession of what they want it to mean. Pro-life rights. The argument states in short people have no reason to make that one can not arbitrarily assign a ‘person’ central to their arguments. cut-off point on a continuum of development such as the developThe crucial question is whether the foetus is a human being. This quesment of the foetus. The natural tion is true from the biological question after such a delineation is standpoint; the foetus is a to ask why the point before, or then totality-he grows his own the point before that, right to the organs-the mother does not grow original point of development, was them and as any other person; not assigned. he too is dependent on his enviThis is a.fallacious argument as ronment. shown by the following example. Narvason: People have often taken . The premise is that there is nothing wrong with touching the finger-tip a characteristic and have said that the possession of this characteristic of your mother. The conclusion is is sufficient for the being to have a that there is nothing wrong with inright to life. ‘Development’, 9.micest. que genetic code’, ‘capability for Later in the discussion, the ques: independent life’, ‘possession of tion of the slippery slope argument certain physical characteristics’ was raised again. De Marco argued are all found to be insufficient to that Narvason’s counter-example specify what is human. Later, durwas not. relevant to the abortion ing the discussion period, Narvaissue since there is ‘no natural orson gave his specifications, admitdination’ between touching the. tedly tentative and incomplete, finger and incest. The argument minimal requirements, for a being was continued by Narvason and at to possess the right to life. A being this stage the evening threatened to (prima


: If any justice prevails anywhere on campus it must be at St. Jeromes. Larry West last week had his car towed away from the St. Jeromes lot, while visiting a professor at the college. lt turned out that a janitor apparently had called the tow truck, without getting proper authorization, and on these grounds West . complained to the dean of the college. The dean agreed that a mistake had been made and paid the towing ticket. According to security, the college usually calls them before towing any cars, thus legitimizing the towing. de- spite the fact that rampant germs have invaded the body politic, flu is contagious, essays are past due and-exams are imminent, things are going great! don’t worry, there are not too many elections left so we’re running out of things to talk about. this weekschevrics include handy randy hannigan, john morris,,neil docherty, do-bee diane ritza, terry (add) harding, good old sport stan gruszka and his faithful companion and co-conspirator h. anne w. (ha ha), ralph kofler, jim doherty (entertainment), joe richardson, rob burbank, crazy-man iner thiele -and b.b. and all of the dumont ducks (they print the paper). our final comment this week is serious. the currency of a good man includes honesty, integrity, faith, hope, love, etc. and like all currency these have to be backed up by their actual practice. phil reilly





. friday,


14, 1975

the chevron


rence on low income h&sing ,

n. -


r -



On February 27’ and 28, a conference which was advertised as addressing questions of low income housing,- was sponsored by a group of Renison College students and faculty. The major part of the tab for the conference held in St. John’s Anglican church in Kitchener was picked up by the Renison board of governors after the Federation of Students refused to fund it on the basis that it did not meet their criteria for openness at the planning level. ’ In overview, the ‘conference essentially avoided analysis on questions of housing scarcity, inflated rents, substandard properties, discrimination against certain sections of the population and posed no fundamental challenge to the development oligopoly which controls the construction industry under monopoly, capitalism in Canada. Even straightforward reformist lines of the social democratic variety did . not gain ascendency on the agenda. For instance it came up only rarely that housing is an unequiyocal social right. This conference’which-was fraudulently billed as concerning itself with the problems of low income tenants, was attended primarily by some Renison students and faculty, a handful of social workers and a small group of low income and welfare recipients. Thursday morning set the tenor. The first panel consisted of Russ Howald of Russ Howald Constmction Limited, Mike Hiscott of Harold Freure Construction Limited and Frank Etherington who is a reporter for the K-W Recokd. The developers gave the view that the state has no legitimate place in the housing industry, that left -to itself ptivate industry would sati&y the hsiusing needs of the nation. Rather th?n admitting that the development oligopoly consciously produces a housing scarcity to drive up prices and reap vast profits, these agents of the monopoly capitalist class claimed to be Victims of building-prohibitive zoning laws imposed by an amorphous bureaucracy. They blamed the “bureaucracy” for soaring prices2 This was their way of exonerating their foul practices and mystifying the fact that the state, as executive committee for the ruling monopoly capitalist class as-

sists the developers in shifting the burden of the economi’c crisis onto the backs of studedts, workers and the Canadian people. qn the question of subsidized housing they promoted anti-socialist propaganda and further singled out welfare recipients as undesirable tenants who are irresponsible in rent payments and prop&y maintenance. They neglected to add that welfare payments defy the capability of being “a responsible tenant” and that this phenomenon is generalized in large sections of the population during an economic cri’sis .when i-eal wages are declining. The question, of course arises, as to why the conference conveners who profess to have some sentiment against the exploitation of the working class an-d the poorest sections of society, would invite these bourgeois /sops to address the conference. The afternoon’s discussion centered around a talk given by Denny Wilkinson, a physiotherapist from Sault Ste. Marie representing a group called self help Unlimited. His line on the question of low-income housing for the disabled can be summarised by the view that ‘-‘we are all people’ ’ , that we should live together to understand each other’s differences and transcend this-nonsense of dis’crimination based on class, race, age, physical and mental ability. He did not once interrupt his fantasy world with analysis of why ghettoisation in housing of racial and ethnic minorities, sections of the working class, old people and the disabled takes place and what kinds of struggles are necessary to organize against these conditions. Wilkinson called on everyone including government to be nice to one another so we can overcome these criminal ine‘quities. , While Friday represented an improvement over the previous day, the conference still managed to skim the surface on all important-questions. A panel in the moming consisted of Sheila Crowe, a Renison student who superintends a rooming house ; Bonnie Day, an older woman from the community; and Clarene Ellis, a social work student at WLU who lives in OHC housing. _

Day addressed the problems of a youthoriented society which has no use for people who are outside of capitalist production. She talked about the fixation on social gatherings which are foisted’ on the old. Condemning ghettoisation of OHC suburbs, addressing the problems of transportation and other restrictions which are forced upon* old people under monopoly capitalism, she called upon young people to become activists, to thwart the imminence of the Third World War which she rightly sees the U.S. imperialists and Soviet social imperialists plotting. Ellis talked at a superficial level about, subsidized housing focusing on questions of privacy, remote location, etc. and expressed her relief at the prospect of getting out once her social work career is - 1auncBed. The line of individual solutions to collectiire problems kept rearing its ugly head at the conference. At some length, Crowe talked about the contingencies of rooming houses-the fact that they are not covered under the Landlord-Tenant Act (as if this ineffectual act were some boon to tenants), that people are easily evicted, that it is genekally students, transients, welfare recipients and the poorest sections of the working class who are forced to live in rooming houses. The Friday afternoon panel consisted of two OHC reps, who, characteristic of petty bureaucrats, made light of the existing conditions and defended the government against the people. They outlined the cost-sharing arrangements and tried to explain away discrimination against singlepajrent families which prpduces a situation where there are currently 123, women and their children on OHC waiting lists. Despite the fact that women form the largest section of poor people in Canada, the government agents couldn’t explain this one blatant- expression of discrimination against women. \ Friday after-noon’s speaker, Wilson Head, a professor of social work from Atkinson college at York University, talked mostly about the experiences of the working class with housing. He pointed out that basic social needs are social rights but that the working class as the .most’oppressed

those articles ‘was written by a FrenchCanadian engineer-turned-film-maker who was introduced to the Angolese liberation movement during his tenure as an engineer with Canadian International Development Agency. It should be recognized that many students in the engineering faculty reject the adoption of the image which is imposed oh them by EngSoc (and to a lesser degree, the faculty) when they enter the programme. Even though they may maintain a faith in these healing powers of technology, they are always more receptive to the outsider’s observation that they risk developing a lifestyle which is modelled after the very techniques which they study. Unfortunately, the greater proportion of engine&s are simply perpetuating or enhancing self-images ‘which are prescribed for them long before they ever reached the university. White Anglo-Saxon Southern Ontario marches on, and somewhere-in too many engineers’ perspectives there is the illusion of learning. Recently there have been! noticeable changes. The number of women in the engineering programme has increased to 40 or

50. They represent a new form of opposition to the ludicrous. behaviour of EngSoc and its sense of priorities. One professor told me &at with only two women in a 2A class of about 50, he had never seen a group that behaved more maturely. (It seenis that the greatest proportionof these women are in the systems design programme, in which the students are generally noted for their decparture from the engineering stereotype). Although they ‘may passively accept the acad‘emic methodologies to which they are exposed, there are many engineers who are beginning to question the value of some of technology’s outputs. In many cases their outlooks are-reflected in their personal lifestyles. However they rarely frame their analyses within the context of the political impotence which our society assign/s to the engineering role. The faculty is like a monastic order devoted to the preservation of our religion, technology. Certainly, the sacrifices necessary to remain in the monastery are acceptable, but one of these is the rejection of cantact with the waves of ideas, events and emotions which occur in the outside

section is most vulnerable to exclusion from rights. He pointed to housing as a itructural problem based on the capitalist organization of society. He criticized social work practice Bs a bandage remedy and suggested that prospective social workers should prepare themselves to support the rights of the people they allege to serve. Head’s solution to the fact that govemment is organized to extend and maintain the power of the ruling monopoly capitalist ‘class is to propose that oppressed people should be organized and united. He &ontended that only when the oppressed break into the “power block” from which they are excluded, will they be able to effect changes in the management of their lives. However, he did not explain how* the dictatorship ofthe bourgeoisie will actually ’ be transformed into the dictatorship of the 1 proletariat.

j ’

Throughout the conference, a mood of diversion prevailed-a refusal to analyse concrete q,on ‘tions and address the question of how th2 se conditions will be overthrown. There were hints here and there that a small ruling elite own and control the means of production; that the bourgeois ideal of private home owne-rship is a _pipeline dream; that the housing “scarcity’: is artificially produced to buoy mgximum prOfits; that landlord-tenant relations are .medi&ed by exchange value , where the tenant is forced to pay above value; that access to decent housing is a social right and not a privilege; that governments have no interests in serving the *needs of the people but rather the interests of the monopoly capitalist class; that the contradictions of society are reaching higher levels and it is only with socialism I that the preconditions will be set to liberate people from all tyranny including the denial of adequate housing. This conference begG many questions,, beginning with-why would anyone with sincere sentiment for social transformation . float a conference of this ilk which embraces diversion and reaction?


-Margaret Welches ’ Patty Gilbert Jariet Steele


casework versus , social work from




~. ’


They felt that tlieir federation fees were not being well-spent and resentedethe lack of reference in the chevron to EngSoc and its activities. I admi’tted that perhaps the chevron’s orientation does not exactly reflect that of the majority of the students on the campus, but I mentioned that some of them had probably worked for (like myself), or would,eventually work for, Cana/ hitin companies which are directly or indirectly benefitting from the exploitation and slavery of black Africans, which was one of the themes-of the cheWon’s series of articles. The reply I received from one of them was that: “I know this sounds coldhearted, but I just doo’t give a shit.” The response to this statement should not be an indictment of engineers. (One of

world. The anachronisms which result are by thk recent carnival called / exemplified “engineering week” (e.g. the thi-hi pub).There is a need to integrate the engineering ’ society with the rest of the university. (I am not referring specifically to EngSoc but to the boundary-maintaining social networks which operate in that comer of the campus). This process should not be generated merely by the mechanisms of .cross-listed courses with departments in environmental studies which are using different Janguages but the same approaches to problems. The faculty needs a self-examination that goes beyond a consideration of the technical requirements for professional status. Not only must it define more explicitly the potential social and political role of an engineering graduate from this university, but it must ensure that students in the programme are provided with the opportunity to critically examine the epistemology on whic$ the curriculum, the methodologies and. particularly the faculties objectives, is based. i

an engineering student . Marty Mathewson +





the chevron





-- The shaping of working I.,

mind, of verbalisation. Workers, however, do nothave a public platform or -a press. (Unions do, but that is another matter.) Verbal responses tl> formal questions, given the limited range of alternatives allowed to workers in such situations, inevitably give a picture of working-class consciousness that is ‘much more conservative than the underlying reality. those activists looking at this question. The following. feature is a review of Aronowitr’s most recent book It has the tremendous advantage, however, of being False Promises: The Shaping of American Working immensely satisfying to the’ intellectuals (whether Class Consciousness. The-book is reviewed by @rtin radical or conservative) because it buttresses their Claberman, an auto worker for over 20 years and own sense of superiority. present/y teaching at Wayne State University in DeAronowitz’s book is a substantid departure from troit. The review is taken from Liberation. the usual intellectual view of working-class con‘sciousness. In the first place, he-does not equate During World War 11 there was a prdtracted strugworkers with the unions that claim to represent gle in the Ufiited Auto Workers Union (and to a them. “The unions,” says Aronowitz, “have all but lesser degree in other-unions) over the granting by abandoned the fight for decent working conditions, the union leadership of a blanket pledge not to strike and, insofar as they are perceived as staunch defenfor t& duration of the war. This struggle came to a ders of the status quo?n terms of the organisation of head at the 1943 convention of the UAW. The conwork, they are increasingly looked upon as vention was faced -with three alternative resolutions. enemies.” (p. 409) Although I have certain minor The majority resolution, supported by the bulk of reservations with respect to his analysis, the fact the’leadership, called for the unconditional continuthat he sees unions as inherently or institutionally ation of the no-strike pledge. A minority resolution, conservative is a substantial advance over the usual supported by the-Reuther caucus, called for the rewisdom of the left. tention of the no-strike pledge in defense industry Many years ago I was hired in at the Detroit and its rescinding in those plants and parts of plants Transmission Division of General Motors. On the that had converted to peace-time production. Then last day of my probationary period, I was called in by there was a so-called super-minority report whichthe foreman to be told that I was fired. I asked for my asked foi- the rescinding of the no-strike pledge committeeman (whom I had never seen in 89 days at without qualification. work) and then became a witness to a remarkable Qy some miracle of parliamentary-procedure and exchange. I tried to tell the committeemain my side union caucusing the convention voted down the two of the story, but he dismissed it cavalierly and simminority resolutions-and then proceeded to reject ply assumed that all of the foreman’s charges were the majority resolution as well, leaving the UAW ’ valid. Yet, when they had finished their bargaining without a no-strike pledge. The leadership, sitting (most of it not in my presence), the comrmtteeman up on the platform, was furious at being so embarinformed me that if I promised not to violate the rassed in the presence of honored guests (the usual rules anymore, the foreman would not fire me. This, quota of government officials) and being unable to -seemingly, was the union at its best-probationary deliver their own organization. They adopted a tacemployees have no.rights whatever that either the s tic which has since become very common in the company or the union is bound to respect; and simunion. On the theory that the cure for democracy is ply by reporting to work the next day I received a more democracy, the bureaucrats, when they are , -new status that protected me from such haphazardunwilling to accept defeat in a vot& simply declare ‘firing. that another vote would be even more democratic. . But what most impressed me about this experiIn .the case of the no-strike pledge, the convention ence was the fundamental argument used by the agreed to hold a membership referendum on the committeeman to win my case. He charged the subject, which took place in the first part of 1944. foreman with being unwilling to share responsibility with’the union for discipline in the plant, He told him The referendum was an ideal sociological survey, that the time to call the committeeman was not after or measure of consciousness. It was conducted he had fired the worker and left the committeeman fairly, with members receiving secret ballots which no alternative but to defend him, but when he first they could fill out in the privacy of their own homes saw the worker “going wrong.” Then the commitand return to the International Union. Although a teeman COUICJ come over and tell the worker that majority of the-members did not vote, those who did whathe was doing was not the way things were done voted by two to one to reafX.rm the no-strike pledge. around here, whether it was washing up early, taking It would have been reasonable to conclude that the an extra break, or whatever. That way the worker‘ auto workers, when confronted with a choice betwas reformed (disciplined), the foreman was content. ween patriotism and militancy, chose patriotism. and the committeeman did not have to write a. There was, however,,a slight problem. d et&e the grievance. This incident gave me some insight into vote, during the vote, and after the vote, the majormy own earlier experience as a steward and as a ity of auto workers participated in wildcat strikes. . committeeman. Assuming that I was a militant union What seemed reasonable to them in their role as representative and not concerned with maintaining citizens, sitting in their own living rooms, listening discipline, suppose I entered the toilet and found a to the war news, seemed quite unreasonable in their worker asleep. I could ignore him or I could tap him _ -role as workers, in direct contact with their fellow on the shoulder and tell _him that if he were caught workers and’ with the managerial hierarchy in the there was no way I could protect his job. How was plants. this fundamentally different from the role of a conWhat. then was the consciousness of the *auto servative union representative? workers? Were they patriotic or class conscious? It It is always nicer, I suppose, to have pure motives seems necessary to say, as a start, that what workers than to have reprehensible motives. But fundamendo is at least as imporfant as what workers say. But tally the function of the union representative is to much more than that is involved. Consciousness is a enforce the contract. And, while the contract spells complex totality of behaviour and belief, of practice out certain rights of workers (mostly in terms of and verbalisation, which is not a simple totalling of dollars and cents), it also spells out certain tights of varied, sometimes contradictory, events or charac- . management. It is these rights of management which teristics. It involves judgements concerning the relaworkers are not prepared to accept, and the union’s tive weight of different factors which, in the normal ’ enforcement of these rights, often enough, gives course of events, are not empirically verifiable, exthem their view of the union as an enemy, as cept in the long run. “them,” as opposed to “us.” The problem is compounded by the fact that those A second sense in which Aronowitz’s book is a who study the problem of consciousness are inteldeparture is that it grasps much of the totality and lectuals, not workers. They. tend to assume that complexity of woiking-class consciousness. “We consciousness is overwhelmingly a matter of the must examine daily life,” he says, “for ‘it is in the For thqe interested in a fundamental restructuring of our society, few topics are as vital to working out a long-term strategy towards that-end as the nature of working class conciousness. Among modem writers, Stanley Aronowitz, a former auto worker and union leader turned academic, is one of the best known of

structures of everyday existence- tha‘t the social structure is reproduced in the minds of its participants.” (p. xi) In the o+ening section of the book Aronowitz combines a very astute description of the new reality of work at the Lordstown, Ohio, GM plant (he scoops the New York Times which only last December discovered the Lordstown practice of “doubling up”-(Workers covering for each other: and performing two jobs so that unauthorized breaks can be taken. -Eds.)) with an extensive review of working class social reality outside of work as embodied in edtication, play, sports, entertainment, film, and so on. The interplay of his own personal experience, attention to historical development, and familiarity with major i’ntellectual figures makes for a richness of material and perception, although sometimes at the-expense of rather arbitrary judgements. The main emphasis, not only in this earlier section, but throughout the book, tends to be the socialization pf the working class into capitalist society. The central section of False Promises, “The Formation of the Americari Working Class,” con&ues this richness of treatment b‘ut concentrates on those factors which divide the working class and limit its development: ethnic divisions above alI, but also divisions along sexual, religious or racial lines; craft divisions; ,and the influence of workers’ European peasant origins. There is a kind of climax to this development in his treatment of trade unionism and its limitations. His critical perceptions are especially unusual (and difficult) for someone who has experienced union activism in the direct way that Aronowitz has. There are some chapters on the cha&es in the middle class in the direction of a “professional servant class,” and the creation of white-collar proletarians, which seem less relevant to the main theme of )the book. The conclusions are prefaced by. an interesting study of the “unsilent fifties,” a corn2 binationof Aronowitz’s personal experiences in and out of the labour movement, the pro%lems of McCarthyism, and the changes in the labour ,movement during this period. Btit, while-Aronowitz goes far beyond most other commentators on the labor scene, there are some fundamental weaknesses which distort his analysis. To begin w&h, he asks the wrong question: “The fundamental question to be explored in this book is why the working class in America remains a dependent force in society and what the conditions are that may reverse this situation.” I do not mean to imply that it is an unreasonable question. But, taken by itself, it is a limited question and will inevitably bring distorted answers. The problem is that the worker is viewed essentially asvictim. Whether Aronowitz is_ discussing the important spheres of popular culture and entertainment or industrial militancy, theworker is everywhere the v+icti& unable to exercise significant influence on his or her own social reality. In dealing with education, for example, the book is quite perceptive, except for its view of the historical origins of compulsory popular education: ;‘The movement for reforms--such as child and female labor restrictions, factory laws that required a minimum standard of health and safety to be main-. , tained by employers, and free compulsory schooling were motivated by both the short-term and longterm interests of the rising capitalist classes.” (p. 72) This view is also applied to the oiigins of unions; it is false in-most respects and is not helped by the relative ambiguity of a. term like “motivated.” The fact of the matter is that workers formed tinions,:workers fought for factory reform, and workers fought for compulsory, free, popular education. They were assisted by rather small numbers of middle-class reformers. They were opposed- by capitalists essentially because it was not in their short-term interest. What is involved is a relatively simple contradiction. All reforms that stop short of overthrowing the capitalist system become co-opted by that system and _ turned to its advantage (but not necessarily to the advantage of any particular capitalists). All that says is that if the system isn’t overthrown it continues to

function. But that is a far 1 social movements as capii schools or unions today socialization of children a tern does not mean that 1 capitalists to fool the WOI theory of history lies jus Aronowitz’s book. Something more import; involved in this. If the w( thing but a victim (excep hours and wages, etc.)-th possible sources of radic: working class has contin form -society, then it is which transforms the worl it capable of -ultimately But here another problem not finally abandon th’e i consciousness as verbaliz book, in discus$ing massi timately dismisses them & scious” or “self-consciou The workers’ growing attempts to control the w because they seek “only” they are not revolutionary cal intellectu;tl like Arena conservative view, of wo Establishment &ciolog& report of a special- Task 1 Health, Education, and M.I.T. Press in 1973, work direct source of political n of alienation is often the 1 from the community or pc placemeat of his fmstratic in radical-social or politic According to this report, ’ evidence that some blue-cc theirwork frustrations ho1 extremist social or politica ity towsa the govemmsn The same problem appl mass culture. Aronowitz c( tional elitist view of cultur! by defending a presumably (implying popular partic “mass” culture. The dX culture and mass culture, h not a matter -of ‘ ‘participa not “participate” in Shakespeare’s Rlays or the

{he. chevron

Class conciousness

ram viewing massive : manipulations. That .institutions for the vorkers into this syswere created by the . That conspiratorial neath the surfacer of ban historical credit is lg class has been nonarrow questions of ; is hard to see what tion exist. But if the ’ f attempted to transcontinuous struggle class itself and makes throwing capitalism. Ised. Aronowitz canectual conception of r and throughout the )cial struggles, he ul;e they weren’t “con,tance to work, their Ilace, are minimized: ,ntrol the workplace, 3 startling that a radishould have a more g class activity than: *Work In America, a : to the Secretary of lfare, published by alienation is seen as a lization: “The result lrawal of the worker al activity or the dis: hrough participation novements .” (p. 22) re is now convincing workers are carrying Id displacing them in vements or in hostilP- 30)

in the discussion of l very close to ‘a tradi:hough he modifies it :r ‘ ‘popular” culture on) as opposed to on between popular Irer, is artificial and is ” The audience did e production of F Aeschylus. But the

audience,. consciously or unconsciously, was constantly in the mind of the artist who had to depend on the vote of the Athenean citizen or the thruppence of the Elizabethan English for acceptance of his work. Great art has, often enough, been produced in response to an audience: Is it too much to think in terms of the same relationship in the movie (Chaplin, Eisenstein, etc., etc.)? Is the audience, whether of a motion picture, a football game, or a television show, purely passive victim? Or does it exercise its own influence-always and obviously within the framework of the existing social system? If Aronowitz thinks, as he seems to, that the music of the young is somehow anti-capitalist, or at least more revolutionary, than a film such as Viva Zapata or The Wild Ones, then he hasn’t noticed some of the racist rock and folk music or the sentimental pie-inthe-sky songs of good feeling which seek to opt out of this society and all political activity. It is not a matter of quality. Most ‘entertainment that is produced for profit (as well as most amateur entertainment) is junk. What is involved is the perception that changes in the popular media, changesinsports, are+ at least in part responses. to the pressure of the audience, Radic,als need to explore that element in popular culture along with the bureaucratic, profit-making, manipulative forces which control the production of entertainment. How else to understand how the black community used the Muhammed Ah-Patterson fight for its own ends? Seeing the worker only as victim leads to a very strange conclusion, The answer to the question originally asked, “what the conditions are that may reverse this situation” of the working class as a dependent force, is-none. Aronowitz sees the American working class as overwhelmingly fragmented by divisions of sex, ethnicity, and race, and, most important, by the division of labour in the factory itself. In this I believe he too easily confuses multiplicity of job classifications with the hierarchy of management. As a matter of fact, one of the characteristics of the American factory which often surprises Europeans is the limited range of wage differentials among production workers. .But Aronowitz’s conclusion is a total reversal of the role of the working class. Two passages illustrate this: “I believe that (Lenin) and Marx were too optimistic and underestimated the alienation of-workers from one another embedded in the division of labour and the factory system,” (p. 417) and “The redundancy of large portions of the labour force, especially women and children, created by labour-saving technologies has led to the increased importance of institutions whose

central role in society is the transmission of values and ideologies that reproduce capitalism within the consciousness of the working class in the absence of experiences in the workplace that formerly performed this function.” (pp. 420-l) This last is hard to believe. Aronowitz is not modifying or adjusting Marx’sor Lenin’s “optimism.” He is directly contradicting them. He is not saying that the work experience’does not lead to sufficient class or revolutionary consciousness. He is saying . that the work experience leads to the exact opposite, ’ to-the acceptance of capitalist society. Where, then, is the basis for a revolutionary perspective? ! ‘The infection of democratic ideology and the social legitimation of erotic needs by ma&culture among this generation of young workers constitutes the permanent roots of the revolt. These impulses are the material basis for hope’ that a new working class strategy can transcend both trade unionism and particularistic demands.” (p. 423) We will leave aside the problem of a generation of the young providing the permanent roots of anything. The only thing permanent about a younger generation is their inevitable replacement by another generation. We will also leave aside the problem of how ideology and culture can be the material basis for anything. What we cannot put aside is the fact that the word “workers” after “young” is purely gratuitous. We are not talking about workers at all. We are simply talking about the young. After all, the only thing that distinguishes young workers from their peers is that their potential class consciousness is fragmented by their work experience. So that we are not even talking about class consciousness; we are talking about youth consciousness. And that brings us to another problem: what is the nature of the revolution? Does it require workers at all? But first, a digression. Aronowitz does,,not deal extensively with Marx-there are relatively few references to Marx in his book. But I think it is necessary to note that his reading of Marx tends to be superficial and, therefore, deceptive. Most refer-. ences to Marx are rather general and ‘have- no specific citations. There is one exception, and it is instructive. Aronowitz says, “Marx’s belief that large-scale industry provided the social political - basis for the working class to be the first exploited class in human history to take control of society was expressed in his analogy of the power of the industrial workers to the ‘offensive power of a squadron of cavalry.’ ” (p. 416) Marx says, “Just as the offensive power of a squadron of cavalry, or the defensive power of a regiment of infantry, is essentially different from the sum of the offensive or defensive powers of the individual cavalry or infantry soldiers taken separately, so the sum total of the mechanical forces exerted by isolated workmen differs from the social force that is developed, when many hands take part simultaneously in one and the same undivided operation, such as raising a heavy weight, turning a winch, or removing an obstacle.. .Not only have we here an increase in the productive power of the individual, by means of cooperation, but the creation of a new power, namely, the collective power of masses.” (Capital, 1, pp. 357-8, Modem Library edition) Not only is Marx not talking of anything more than mechanical or productive power, he is not even talking about heavy -industry. This section appears in the chapter on Cooperation, two chapters prior to the one in which he begins his discussion of Machinery and Modem Industry. To return to the problem. The working class is crucial to the socialist revolution for essentially two reasons. One is that the process of production, the production and transportation of food, clothing, shelter, etc., is fundamental to any society and the section of society which can gain control of that process can gain control of the society as a whole. For example, a strike of students, of teachers, or of bank tellers, may have considerable political impact but ii brings nothing but the immediate activities to a halt. But workers in a steel mill, on a railroad, in an auto plant, can affect the economy far beyond their -,



own specific workplace. Moreover, they are aware of that reality and that awareness is an integral part of working-class consciousness. A few years ago I talked with wildcat strikers at the Sterling Stamping Plant of the Chrysler Corporation, out in the countryside 15 miles from Detroit. They remarked quite matter-of-factly that if they were out for one day, the three major Detroit assembly plants of Chrysler would have to shut down. If they were out two days, Windsor, Ontario, would shut down. If they were out three days, St- Louis, Missouri, would shut down and soon. This power is ‘obviously not available to all workers, but the degree that this power is present or absent in any particular situation is a fundamental component of working-class consciousness. The second reason for the centrality of the working class is that the socialist revolution must involve the transformation of work and the workplace or it is not a social revolution at all. What transformed the Hungarian Revolution of 1956 from street demonstrations and guerrilla fighting to a social revolution was that the working class took over the means of production and formed workers’ councils.- What transformed France in 1968 was that several weeks of student battles with the police gave way to the occupation of the factories. If that does not happen there is no social revolution. Whatever else may happen-and a revolution is a vast, complex totalityifthe workers do not gain possession of the means of production, then governments may have been overthrown, but society has notbeen transformed. What is amazing is that Aronowitz documents that capacity and that reality but refuses to accept it for what it is. * “In both America and Britain,” he writes, “recent experience has demonstrated clearly that the sheer social power of workers within the factories or the offices to transform production or to challenge the rule of capital is beyond questiosy What more could one want? Well, Aronowitz wants culture. “American workers have perfected the strike weapon to a degree unknown in European countries, but it is their cultural level that prevents them from transcending corporate domination.. .” (p.248), Writing about the struggles of the Thirties and earlier, Aronowitz says, “The employers in Minneapolis, Seattle, and Detroit were well aware of the spontaneous and dangerous quality of the strikes of the thirties, and of their further implications. They demanded that all legal machinery of the state be mobilized to prevent the seizure of factories and transportation systems by the workers and that the strikes be suppressed by arms if necessary.” (p. 424) (One might interject-what “further implications,” known to the employers but kept safely concealed by Aronowitz?) But how does Aronowitz sum up the experience of the Thirties? “. . .the Great Depression of 1929 prevented the emergence of mass working class consciousness until the postwar era.” (p. 402) False Promises is a strange book. Despite a certain carelessness ofpresentation, I recommend it to all concerned with the working class for its extensive. documentation of the working-class experience, at work, in the larger society, and in the unions. It is imbued with the conception that freedom is the fundamental quality of revolutionary change and it rejects the strangling doctrines <and structures of the union movement and of the vanguard parties. Yet it cannot overcome a conception of working-class consciousness which reduces workers to victims and consciousness to verbalizations .

Whether Aronowitz is discussing the important spheres of popular cult&e and entertainment or industrial-militancy, the worker is everywhere the victim, unable to exercise significant influence bn his or her own social reality.


the chevron






14, 1975

The .Openingof ~Paperback Parade is themostexciting &entry eventfor yearsin theTwin Cities” - Jack McClelland

In 1975.






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lowing this tradition, Recreation decided to give it. their “Last Chance’.‘. Breezing through their quarter final mat@ 9-l over Romano’s Raiders, they almost blew it against the Albert St. Anbls. With 1:20 left on the clock, the score was 6-4 for the latter. Spurred on by their three year drought, they scored 2 quickies to send the game into sudden death. In 19 seconds, it was over for the Anals. ’ Their competition in the final will be the Raiders. Raiders defeated Last Chance 3-2 in their only meeting to date, on a disputed “Phantom” player goal. Rumour has it that a seventh man came off the bench of the Raiders and stopped a Recreation breakaway, and then proceeded to go dotin the floor, oblivious to the obvious offside and soon the winner. Will the on again, off again Phantom do in Last Chance’s last chance?

Wnde~dla” -“ EISS. Wins I This is the year of the upset in Intramural sports. Most of the highly ranked teams have been knocked off by. the ever present ‘ ‘Cinderella’ ’ teams. Basketball is the most obvious example of this as the lowly E.S.S. team emerged from the ranks and took the whole shooting match in A league’from the Summer Rats. The night team 32-26 to advance to the finals. The Rats had downed Kin A by three points in overtime to reach the final game. The Rats took an early lead but E.S.S. fought back to be down 25-24 at half time. At one time during the third quarter the Rats held a six point lead but could not control the E.,S.S. attack. After being tied 58-58 at the end of regulation time E.. S.S. went on to--win 67-66 in a 3 minute overtime. Leading scorers for E.S.S. were Gruzka with 25 and Knight with 15 while Schinkel and Pollard both had 14 for the Rats. In B league, Village 2 No’rth used a full court press to outrun a 5 man Slaughterhouse 5 team 52-38. A tired Slaughterhouse team put up a good fight, led by Saunders with 12 and Dargavel with 10. V2 North was led by Beck with 14 and Talbot with 12. ’ Following one of my choices for ’ the A league all star teams;--

-This year”s wrestling tourna-‘ ment was met wi,th enthusiasm by the grapplers present. However, only half of the people who signed up, showed for the tournament. St. Jerome’s emerged victorious for the second straight year with Kin running a close second. Both St. Jerome’s and Kin won 3 individual weight classes.

E.S.S. and V2 South Hockey Champs


Last minute goals, culminated in One on plus wins for V2 South and E.S.S. in St. Jerome’s equals 2 Competitive Hockey. It was a fitOn Tuesday, March 11, the One ting conclusion that the hockey on One Basketball Tournament leagues as all year games were dewas held in the PAC. A total of 76 cided by one or two goals. people competed, only 9 in the In B level, Science bottled up the “A”’ division title was taken by Southmen in the early going. Grikis Dave Hoover of St. Jeromes 12-4 and Barclay gave Science an early over Paul Sabatini of Chemical En2-O lead. Urged on by the loud engineering. Coming back from the couragement of South fans, V2 -consblation round to place thiid South scored three consecutive and fourth were Stan Raczkowski goals by Williams, Sanderson and of Chemical Engineering and Jim Dons. End to end rushes were feaDavey of St. Jeromes. In the “B” tured for the next 10 n&utes with division, Rob Hardy prevailed overboth goal tenders thwarting all Matt Wever, both from St. perspective scores. Finally with Jeromes, in a close match 16-12. 2: 10 remaining Grikis led the game Malcom Moore, St. Jeromes, and for Science. With pressure inountBill Brath, St. Jeromes, came from ing, both teams, having‘ excellent consolation play to place third and chances to score with one minute fourth. remaining a harmless high back1st team handed shot from inside the SciBroombali Action Jim Pollard b ence b-lue line by Sanderson of V2 The sixteen team tournament is Frank Moskal South. The screened shot trickled well underway. As predicted (a Dave Hoover in the upper left hand corner to give rare occurrence in intramurals) -Ted Gruzka V2 South a 4-3 win and their first Math has disposed of the Gaidens Rick Schinkel Bulbrook Cup. 5-O and 3A Civil 4-l. A tough battle 2nd team In the A final, the age old rivalry is set for Math vs the Whiz kids in Collin Briggs ~_ of Math vs E.S.S. was set. In the the lower bracket Hot Dogs outBill Malnychuk regular season E. S.S. had defeated mauled Msago Maulers 2-l and Jim Davey Math 5-4 in close battle. Upper Engineering zipped the John Vanderdoelen In probably one of the best In- ‘Northmen 1-O. Mad Hatters Rob Mathies tramural hockey games in its hisblanked Kin 1-O and Renison upset I would like to take this oppdrtunity tory, both teams played superb St., Jeromes B 2-O. In consolation to ,thank all officials, scorers, conhockey. It was not until the 25 secplay; Albert Gardens sweated out venors and players as well as fans ond mark of the second period that the Sweat Hogs 2-l to me& Kin for making this one of the most ex- Brooks from E.S.S. beat McKenNo. 2 in the Semi Final. Final reciting seasons in Intramural hiszie of Math to take a 1-O lead with sults will be presented next week. tory. 1:30 remaining on the clock, the There are se&-al job opporcombination of McDonald, Mertunities available for next fall in the_ linger and Simpson score a picture Intramural Department. Please goal to tie the game. At the end of contact Peter Hopkins in room regulation play, E.S.S. 1 - Math 1. 2040 in the PAC or call him at exIn the first sudden death overtension 3532 for more information. time period, both teams were shut out on breakaways. With 20 secMen’s Competitive pnds remaining, Dunn fired a rocket for the winner. Congratulations Wrestling Tournament are extended to both teams for their Individual Champions: class in staging such a guperb The annual Renison Basketball Tim Callaghan 135 lb. championship final. tournament will be taking place . (St. Jerome’s) March 21 and 22, in the physical 147 lb. Bruce Kennedy Floor Hockeyactivities building. . . (Vl North) Farrel Fulkerson This tournament which started 159 lb. Last Chance’ out as a church college tournament (Kin) 179 lb. Brian Stark ’ A team from Recreation, calledhas been won three times by St. . Jeromes, twice by Erindale colle‘ge (Kin) Last Chance, will know by press and once by Conrad grebel, This Matt Wever time if their name was appropriate 190 lb. or not. They have played together years teams include Bethune from (St. Jerome’s) 205 lb. Bob Merritt -mfor three years, each time having.--,Yor&, Western, Wilfred Laurier, (Kin) ’ the Seagram Cup slip from their MacMaster, Dentistry (U of T) and St. Jeromes, Kinesiology and ReHWT -- Mike Bar grasp: -Last year a team changed nison from U of-W. ’ (St. Jerome%) their name to Losers and won. Fol-/

Photo by stan gruszka The underdog ESS team advanced to the A league b-ball finals after scoring a win over St. jerome’s last Sunday night. ESS won the final 67-66 in overtime.

Swim’min’ 3rd in Cow *loA.Uo’s Two weekends ago, the Athenas wound up a winning seasqn with some more outstanding performantes at the Canadian Championships held in Thtinder Bay. Despite a delay in Toronto due tC, strikes at Thunder. Bai Airport, the Eight Athenas arrivedat Lakehead to make quite a splash the first evening. The 400 medley relay team of Fraser, Adams, Murray and Murray set a new team record to take fourth place in the final. The 800 freestyle event was a particularly strong event for the Athenas with Maida Murray winning a silver Fedal, Elaine Keith in fifth place, and Patty Gorazdowska eighth. Elaine and Pat came back the next day,lalso in personal best times, to place foui-th and seventh respectively in the 200 freestyle. The same placings were held by both in the 400 freestyle event. Another strong freestyler for -the Athenas, Lee Frase;, placed second in the consolation of the 100 freestyle and won the consolation final of the 50 yard freestyle. In the individual medle+ events, Marg Murray placed fifth in the 200 I.M. and Cathy Adams was fou_rth in the consolation. In the backstroke, Marg plaqed fourth in the 200 back and took the Bronze medal in the 100 back, both personal best times. The butterfly events provided a little hard luck. Maida Murray placed sixth in the 100 fly by judges decision, and in the 200 fly; Cathy ‘Adams was fifth L in the consolation final. (Maida was a potential second, but the stroke judges were a little harsh). The 400 freestyle relay time smashed a team record and placed a close fifth in the finals. Members of the team included Lee Fraser, Elaine Keith, Val Quirk and Maida

Annual Renisoi Toukney \

ReCson Winner (5) Consotation Champion 7:oo pm 22nd Winner (8) ’

St. Jeromes (UW) (1) 1 :OOpm Mar. 21 Bethune York

Loser (1) (5) 9:OOam 22nd .



Renison UW (2) 3:OOpm 21st McMaster

Loser (2)

Wilfrid Laurier (3) 7:OOpm 21st Western

_ Loser (3) (8) 1:OOpm 22nd Loser (4)



Dentistry (UofT) (4) 9:OOpm 21st Kinesiology (VW)

Winner (1) (6) 3:OOpm 22nd



Winner (2) Champion 9:OOpm 22nd Winner (3) (7) 11 :OOam 2nd Winner (4)


Winner (7)

Murray. The Athenas were particularly fortunate this year in acquiring two talented divers; Val Q&k and Sydney Bennett, who placed second and fifth respectively in both the one metre and the threemetre dlvmg events. Cum&ted points placed the Athenas in a strong third position overall in the Championshij?s. Coach Cartlidge is expecting bigger and better things to come, having resumed practices for all those interested. See the Warriors’ write up for next years plans and practise times! -thy

’ ,



Indoor ’ Track Y On Saturday, March 1, UW sent a team to Toronto for the indoor track QUAA’s. The meet was originally scheduled to be at Western’s new indoor track, but alas it had not been finished in time. Six women and eight -meti represented W,aterloo and of those who- competed, all are to be *cornmended for their effort. Of the women,. Liz Damman prbved in excellent shape by easily winning both th-6 50 metre hurdles (7.2) and the 300 metres (39.9). She won the latter by two seconds over Joy McIntyre of Western. Other results: Anna Pollock: 5th in Long Jump Jill Richardson: 4th in Shotput Chris Young: 5th in Shotput The men had harder luck-some due to lack of information and mismanagement-others due’ to technical problems. Scott Margison: 8th in 300 metres Steve McGillen: 5th in High Jump (a personal best of 6’1”) Ted McKeigan: 6th in 5000 metres Gord Robertson: 5th in Long Jump The women finished 4th overall and the men placed 1lth. See you all in the fall. -jill





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A- SALUTE TO CdWAtiD PeRTERe p . - . _m”’ ‘, Humanities Admission t’ CentralBox -. \

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14, 1975

the chevron


_, ,



Track woes It has been a few years since the days of Waterloo’s powerhouse in track and field. U of W,no longer have the George Neelands or Dennis McGanns et al. anymore. The teams that Waterloo sends to compete are now composed of dedicated, fun-loving athletes-many who haven’t seriously trained in years.’ The team still has “stars”Liz Damman, Joan Wenzel and a few others., but to do’ better, they need more training, more people and most of all a COACH-or at least someone enthused about the sport. It is difficult to tell if U of W ever did have a coach, but there has been no such ‘ ‘animal” around in the last three years. True, there have been two men out on the track who have done some “individual” coaching, i.e. have helped only specific athletes, but there is a need

for an all round coach-someone to informed? A lot of potential cominform, push and take the team in petitors for U of W have been hand. The other teams have turned off by the fact that therejust coaches-why not track? isn’t anyone there to give informa-. After the way that men’s indoor tion on technique. Most of the ath_ track was handled this term, someletes have co&e up through high thing must be done. The women school track-while others have have always been handled successbeen used to a good calibre coach in * fully, for ‘there has always been their serious track days. This good management. But the men are school is not known.for recruiting not so lucky-they have no mantrack athletes as is U of T-so it ager nor a unity that can- be seen suffices with “high schoolers” and and they always seem to find out those athletes who get here naturabout meets and such from the ally. Those who’ have stuck women, not their staff reparound, have done so for various resentative-by then it’s usually reasonsextra meets for those too late. To prove a point, Waterwho already have coaches, the lov’e 100 has been known to run in the of the sport or the fact that they can . Maple Leaf Gardens meet in the _ be on a varsity team without really two mile relay in the last few working at it. years-it almost seemed like a tradSo someone out there who has ition. But to get to be in this race, something to do with all of the team has to qualify at a previous this-can’t there be a coach next meet. This year, they weren’t even Fear? Western has Vigars, U 0f.T given the opportunity-no one was has Higgins-can’t q of W have informed and by the time the men someone to tell the athletes what’s found out, it was too late to enter wrong with their starts., or trail legs and several people were disapor whatever; someone to time, and pointed. Who is at fault? The lack bush, to do weight-training, and work outs properly, The t&m reof communication seems to be with _ the men’s staff representatiye who ally needs someone to tie the team would supposedly receive all the together and really make a team. information. Why isn’t anyone -jill richardson .’

Uniwat / num



For those interested few who have not yet heard the results of the OUAA Swimming Championships, here they are ! On February 21 8z 22 the Warriors competed at McMaster and finished a strong second behind the perennial winner, Toronto. Dave Wilson led the team with a win in the 500 free, an OUAA record of 4:55:2, second in the 200 free and was on the winning 800 freestyle relay with Louis Krawczyk, -Ian Tiylor and Richard Knaggs. Paul Ahloy, a rookie,

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picked up a second in the 200 fly, a third and a [ourth. Rick Adamson., won the 100 backstroke and was second in the 200 backstroke. A strong .team effort was also contributed by Doug Munn, Tim Wilson, Steve Brooks Rick .Drummond, Randall Phillips, + Bruce Holiday, Jim Low, Raduz Jahubek, Brian Douglas, Gary Thomas, Alex Kowalenko, Ted I’ Stiles, Ken Edmonds and Bruce Henry. Special mention must be made df this year’s new\ coach Brian Cartlidge who pushed everyone to their career’s best times. The team record board in the pool is impressive proof of the Warroirs’ efforts. Eleven of the team’s eighteen members qualified for the CIAU meet in , Thunder Bay. It should be noted that the Warriors do not lose anyone from this’s strong team and will be aiming for the top in Ontario and Canada next ye&. -doug munn



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Winner of the Governor General’s Award for Fiction in 1969, The Studhorse Man is an odd book. Operating on a mythic rather than realistic plane, Kroetsch creates a new myth from the, bizarre events of his hero’s life. Yet the emergent myth seems to be mocking; Kroetsch uses the shape and conventions of the narrative epic to write a literary parody. The novel has a double focus. Hazard LePage, owner of a superb stallion, Poseidon, is the protagonist. His antagonist, Demeter Proudfoot, is both Hazard’s biographer and the-narrator of the novel. The story fo-cuses on Hazard and his quest for a suitable mare for Poseidon to service. Their erratic yet comic adventures, including a horse stampede,a robust verbal exchange of slang terms for penis, a brief rummy-playing stay at a church, and several sexual encounters (one with a Calypso figure), lead horse- and man from Coulee Hill to Edmonton and finally back to Coulee Hill. However, this overt storyline is undercut by the implicit story and development of the narrator. An 18 year old youth in the novel, Demeter ismuch older when he “writes” it. The biography he creates is written from his habitually water-filled bathtub where he sits naked, confined in an asylum. Yet his insanity is a bluff: he knows that it is only his uncle’s money and power that keep him confined. In fact, he confidently proclaims that “yes, dear reader, I am by profession quite out of my mind?‘(p. 61) while revealing himself in his narrative to be normal, almost ordinary. Almost ordinary, but not quite. Demeter is consciously aware of his bardic powers. For example, he interrupts his narrative at one point to reflect that the very process of recurrence is what enables us to learn, to improve, to correct past errors, to understand the present, to guide the- generations that are to come. Yet it is precisely this same characteristic of life that makes life unendurable. Men of more experience than I have lamented -at the repetitious nature of the ultimate creative act itself. It is only by a mystery of the process of repetition (you will note the repeated “e”, and “t” and the “i”, and the “tit” standing out boldly in the middle) that we can learn to endure; yet we can only master the process by a lifetime of repetition. (pp. 127-28) He knows that the leading of a virile life is repetitious, yet its chronicling can be instructive and directive. He has also mastered the answer of this enigma: “Is the truth of the man in the man or in his biography?” (p. 134). The solutionresides in the act of creation: the biographer is a person afflicted with sanity. He is a man who must first of all be sound of mind, and in the clarity of his own vision he must ride out the dark night, ride on while all about him falls into chaos. The - man of the cold eye and the steady hand, he faces for all of humanity the ravishments and the terrors of existence. (p; 152) Evidently, biography is the truth of the man; it is what lives after him; it is what myth emerges from. Truth resides not in reality but in the creation of reality. Thus Demeter recreates the final portion of the quest of Hazard LePage and his studhorse, Poseidon, two beings whose identities eventually merge. Alike in sexual prowess (both are



The studhorse Robert Kroetsch. The Studhorse Man.

the chevron


described as being “of inordinate appear to be) help inform the novel lust”) they are identical in situaand provide the springboard for a tion: both are members of a dying good deal of ribald comedy: breed-Hazard of the stud horseI had, even while we spoke, man, Poseidon of the stud-horse. fumbled open my fly; and now it Demeter, however, performs the was not my hands but hers service of sustaining their tradition, (Martha’s) that found myself; figuratively as well as literally. and I didn’t then know if she Near the end of the novel he bewould guide me, stop me, holdcomes, in fact, “D. Proudfoot, ing my body in the gracious cup Studhorse Man” (p. 156). of her white hand. It was mentioned above that the And I will never know. novel is, in part, a literary parody. For the first cry came from Kroetsch exploits the quest myths the rooms beyond the library: . of Odysseus and Don Quixote, and the exquisitely piercing mortal adds to them a new twist. In terms cry, the cry half horse, half man, of the Don Quixote story we can the horse-man cry of pain or desee Hazard as the Don, Poseidon at (obviously) as Rozinante, and De- - light or eternal celebration what is and what must be. meter as Sancho Panza. In The (P. 16% Studhorse Man Kroetsch has completely inverted the moral and social values, and the personal An odd book, yes; a comic book, characteristics of the, original: even more so; The Studhorse Man where the Don was chaste and conis a significant reworking of myths tinent, Hazard is lusting and forthat still are prevalent in western nicative; where Rozinante was culture. brokedown and feeble, Poseidon is -r.c. hairier in the prime of health and virile; and where Sancho Panza was the Don’s loyal companion, Demeter is Hazard’s rival and eventual successor. A similar and fuller inversion can be seen in Kroetsch’s treatment of the Odysseus myth. We-are meant to see Hazard as Odysseus, Demeter as Telemachus, Martha (Hazard’s financee of 13 years) as Penelope, On March 18-22 the drama diviand Poseidon the stallion as sion will present The Ecstasy of Poseidon the god of seas and Rita Joe, the work of Canadian horses. In Kroetsch’s reworking of playwright George Ryga, perhaps this myth Hazard is a powerful best known for “Indian”, a short male force (as was Odysseus) driplay done for the CBC. ven about by the immense phallic Rita Joe was commissioned and energy of his horse (Odysseus was first performed by the Playhouse driven about by the ill-tempered Theatre in 1967 (Vancouver) -and sea god). As the novel progresses, later at the opening of the National man and horse are increasingly Arts Centre as a ballet. The play identified as one until, in fact, the deals with a young Indian girl, torenergy of Poseidon subsumes the mented and beleaguered by the life of Hazard. Demete.r (as an analien and often hostile world of the tagonistic Telemachus) substitutes city, (in this instance Vancouver). himself in Hazard’s role as the* Ryga reaches into the mind of Rita studhorse man and he too is inJoe to construct a mosaic of past, creasingly at the centre of the present and future encounters novel. Yet it is a mere symbol. It overlapping and colliding, often in functions both as the common deconfusing and disjointed ways. For nominator between old- and new this reason, attributed to his work generations, and as the virile embin television, the play concerns itlem of reproduction (again the link self less with the evolution of plot between successive generations). and more with the impressions, And this works well in mythic memories and feats of Rita Joe. Her terms, for Demeter, whose name appearances in court, ‘before the means “earth-mother”, becomes same judge, on a variety of charges, master of the phallic potentialities provides the skeleton of the play. of the emblem of man, the horse. There is conflict and contrast betJust as the energy of the sea dicween the anger and disenchanttated the hero’s wanderings in the ment of Jamie Paul, a young Indian, Odysseus myth so here does the and the serenity of David Joe, who sexuality of the horse-man. * acknowledges the need for change Structurally, then, the novel is in the Indian way of life but at the traditionally comic: a representasame time recognizes that Jamie’s tive of the new generation triumphs answer of violence is not the wisest over and replaces a representative solution. of the old generation. That the valThe play is an ambitious venture ,‘ ues held are constant (or at least complicatedxboth in style and tech-

Rita ’ Joe


nical mime, in the Joe’s

execution. Ryga introduces lighting effects and a singer Brechtian tradition as Rita alter ego.

Ryga himself was born in northem Alberta on -1932, of Ukrainian descent. He was self educated after spending seven years in a one room schoolhouse. Before pursuing a professional writing career he odd jobbed around the country. He has written four stage plays, eight television plays,-published two novels, a book of poetry, an album of his own music and lyrics, two scripts for the ‘Manipulators’ and one for ‘The Name of Game? television series.

guardians of dramatic art forms whose crowning achievements ‘have been-the Stratford<Festival of Ontario and the middle class exercises of the CBC.” The sed‘by Joe in that it dians

value of the play, as expresChief Dan George (David the Vancouver production) is contains a message all Canashould hear: The Indian people - - at this very time need to-put their message before Canada because laws are being readied that will effect the Indian for years to come. They need, above all, to create sympathy and understanding for they are depressed economitally. It is useless for people to hear if they do not listen with their hearts. Rita Joe helps them to listen with their hearts, and when hearts are open ears can hear.” “


He remains discontented with the state of Canadian theatre and claims were it not for the intervention of a sympathetic producer, “ ‘Indian’ would have been an unknown, unproduced play relegated to non-life by Lthe self-appointed





Relayer Yes Atlantic Yes fans will undoubtably find this -release lacking some of the dynamic and innovative sounds of earlier Yes releases such as FragXe and Close to the Edge. This could be partly due to the absence of Rick Wakeman on keyboards, and Bill Bruford on drums and percussion. All of the music was written and produced by Yes with help from Eddie Offord, who helped produce their previous albums. The album was recorded in England during the late summer and autumn of 1974. There are only three cuts to the album, with side one consisting of onecut entitled The Gates of Delirium. This cut is somewhat softer than one might expect from Yes, but it does have definite Yes flavouring. , Side.two on the otherhand, consisting of two cuts, Sound Chaser and To Be Over, remind one of a sound closer to that of Santana than Yes, however, again there are hints of the old Yes style throughout the cuts. This album is defmitedy a turning point for-Yes and quite possibly a downward turn.

Family Gakherincj Valdy A&M Records Canada Valdy’s third and most recent i album, Family Gathering, reflects the culmination of all Valdy’s talents. Most of the songs are familiar to Valdy fans, songs like Simple Life, Renaissance, Rock’n’roll song; Hello Mr. Record man and others. Some of the other cuts feature a group called Diamond Joe from Calgary, who are very “country and western” in their sound and the cuts reflect this’to a large extent. For any one who may have seen Valdy last year at WLU, Diamond Joe was the group backing him up. Side one is a “live” session re-corded at Massey Hall last summer in a -concert with Shawn Philips. Side two, 5xcept for the last cut, are all studio cuts.. The album overall is a very pleasant one, with all the cuts excepting Here We Come and Here We Go being very soft country rock sounds. The last cut on the second side, Here We Come . . .is a very rollicking, foot-stomping song done with Diamond Joe. This album is recommended for people who want to sit down and listen to some well produced country sounds.

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the chevron





Address all letters td the Editor, The Chevron, Campus Centre. Please type on a(32 or 64



We live in a time of great struggles. Everywhere in the world people are rising up against their oppressors. Everywhere in the world the ruling class is trying with all its power to crush these struggles. In countries such as Cambodia, Vietnam, Zimbabwe and Palestine, people are united in mortal combat to secure their independence and liberation. These people are winning. While the situation in Canada is not yet an armed struggle, the working masses of the people are struggling to maintain their position during this time. when the monopoly capitalist class is attempting to shift the burden of their economic crisis onto the backs of students, workers and the Canadian people. ’ There are some among us who regard this world of struggle as “fa@nating”, who make. light of those who have sacrificed their lives for others, who now propose that the people should not organize self-defence organizations of the working class nor a political party of th6 proletariat. Although these individuals make pretensions about being on the left, in practice they are the allies of the bourgeoisie. They behave as a conspiratorial group doibg agitational propoganda against legitimate organizations of sttidents and workers,* thereby objectively acting like police. The Fairview Collective is- no friend of oppressed people struggling for liberation--. They demonstrate this clearly by carrying the same line as the bourgeois state on the question of the relationship of the Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist) to the struggles of native people. Only splittist groups such as the Fairview Collecltive would want to go out of their way to promote anti-communist sentiment, to attempt to undermine the national liberation struggles of Indians instead of coming forth with active support as CPC (M-L)’ does. The Fairview Collective holds up as models revolutions where oppressed peoples lost, where millions of people without the leadership of a Leninist party were crtished by counterrevolution. They refer to the scientific language of socialist re.colourful volution as “rhetoric.. language. . .spicing up their messages.” Neither is the Fairview Collective a friend 66 the Canadian working class. At a time when only the unity of workers can successfully blunt the attacks of the monopoly capitalist class, they slander the trade unions and encourage divisions among the workers. Funny how remitiiscent this tactic is of the bourgeoisie. Like their mentors, the Fairview Collective legalise splittism. They should think instead of the words of Chairman Mao whom they are so eager to defame: “Practice Marxism and not revisionism; unite and don’t split; be open,and above board, and don’t intrigue and conspire”. i


In, a time where the overthrow df monopoly capitalism is impossible without the guidance. of correct theory and analysis, Fairview attacks the CPC (M-L), the genuine party of the Canadian proletariat and the only party that is actually working for socialist revolution. Like all political sects, the Fairview Colfectiye defines itself in opposition to other.groups. Ss, who are these Peter Pan- re-volutionists? They cannot be known through their political practice because. they have none. Judging from their recent beginner’s effort, they can be generously described as a conspiracy of gossips and slanderers who worship ideological impotency. As Marx realized in his judgement of the daddy, of anarchoProudhon’, “loud-mouthed syndicalism, these ‘revolutionaries’ . . . regard the struggle of

the working class for its vital demands with, ‘transcendental disdain”‘. They emphasize the role of the individual, and they criticize the practice of leagership. They fantasize that anarchism will someday “coalesce into a coherent theory.” Objectively, the Fairview Collective is the bumbling agent of the ruling class. They do not devote one line to criticism of monopoly capitalism, but instead they attack CPC (M-L), the enemy of the bourgeoisie. ‘They attempt to weaken opposition to the state by splitting the working class. They peddle paralytic Marxism to the vacillating intellectuals in the university. Stripped of its misty-eyed whimpering, their line is one of deception, division, diversion, deferral and defeat. Dogmatic passivists ! Cynical idealists! Petty bourgeois individualists ! The Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist) is the implacable foe of the bourgeoisie and the unswerving leader of the Canadian working class. CPC (M-L) calls for unity in action because this is the demand of the masses. The people want change; they want to overthrow monopoly capitalism and U.S. imperialism. CPC(M-L) leads this ‘struggle by providing the masses with a correct analysis of the major contradictiohs in ,Canada, today. The Party line is clearly stated in order to assure success of the actions of the working people, and it is modified when necessitated by changing conditions and expelence in practical struggle. Anarchism, on the other hand, itself in true sectarian fervor by the Fairvi’ew Collective’s slanders of Dr. Norman Bethune, who lived and died in the spirit of international communism. In their fervent fear of socialist revolution, they carry their campaign of attacks against Paris communard Louise Michel, branding her with their politics. She participated in the first attempt of the proletariat to seize political power and establish the dictatorship of the proletariat in France in 1871. From that alone we can safe1.y conclude that she was. not an anarchist. ’ Finally we point out that only in social practice can erroneous lines be corrected. We invite the Fairview Collective to give up their idealism, to abandon rummaging in dark corners, to unite with the serious left on a practical basis, to sort-out differences in action. waterloo-wellington student movement

E.S.S. support



Tbhe Environmental, Studies Society ii&es to comment on the fiasco currently underway between Canadian Association of University Teachers (CAUT) and the Renison College administration. Bofh the Faculty of Environmental Studies Council and the Environmental Studies Society have passed resolutions and written letters in attempts to influence the Renison administration to examine the “situation” sensibly and fairly. / But, not withstanding these attempts; and others from various sectors of the university ‘community, the “affair” seems interminable. The Renison administration and CAUT seem to be involved in an endless, delicate, minuet of meetings, discussions, debates, more meetings, the final meeting, finally the final meeting, ad infinitum. We cannot speak for the motivations of the CAUT in this fiasco, but as for Renison, well.. .A dedidedly Machiavkllian explanation that befits the past behaviour of the Renison administration is that, through obfuscation, they seek to prolong the process. A decision will not be made

until the end of term, Of course, the majority of students involved and concerned will be absent in the summer, and thus, the possibility of organized student reaction to any decision is minimized. Student input to this date will have achieved the impotence of past history. In September, the students newly enrolled at Rension will be unaware of, or worse, misipformed about the controversy. Those who remain of the old student opposition may be expected to receive the credibility given to any group whose story has been heard before, too many times. The sesult-game, set and match Renison, an end to the move toward democratization of the college. It 1was a model from which the entire university could have learned.

‘then passed it over to another editor to read, and when this fellow finished reading, he said there was no way that the article could be printed. After reading this 1100 ,, ’ word article-in 15 minutes he concluded that it had no value to the Mid-East conflict and that because it was contrary to chevron opinion, could not and would not be publishqd. After some argument I persuadcd,these two editors to have a meeting; in the near future, with the rest of the editorial staff and myself present, to decide whether or not this -article should be printed. Two . weeks passed and I had not heard a word from the chevron so I went down to their office to find out what was hap,pening. I was told the meeting would be held on the following Monday evening (March 31’75). I -ESS was phoned on Monday and told the meetinghadbeenchangedtowednesdayevening, nearly three weeks after I had o’riginally shown the chevron the article. On arriving at the chevron office that evening I was told that the article would not be printed. So here I was, having been told I would have a say in their “meeting”, finding myself not even being able to voice my Thanks tremendously for the great dpinion since the judge:ptiti$.$@ already : ,.._:,.y photos you took of the rehearsal for The .:_: been made. ..::-:._ ::. ::._:;,_i:: Ecstacy of Rita Joe-just one problem. Therefore it seern?:t$@:s, that’&&&evron The director’s name is Karl Wylie, the stalls and stalls uq&I it @$$$&ll r@longer. author’s name is George Ryga, and the At that point $:::‘tHrows ‘Y:l$$i’;lr$les out show opens to the public on Monday, which oppo#:: ch;t?yron.:,,vie’~~~oint. The March 18. Otherwise, you’re ok! We’d be. chevron ed-i~~~~~I;:th~~~~or8~l-:;ar~ not editors but censors. -@$&s to$srint whatever I really happy if you could let your readers .y.:,./,:_ i.:,j:.. know-we’d like to see them all week. propog.a%& they ~%+$@x&& the money they thanks, rec~~g~~~~~ the st<&g$s at this mari lyn me saj, that 1 do not ,,;J-@&re i.::...; ,.:: :::3,1Bi~~~~ude’~~t :;‘~~~~~~ ::.,::::..:,.:::, :::.: , s viewpoint, dp~~~~;i~~y on what..,::.::,:::: ix:.“./+ .<:.:,::.-. ,,:,.+:il:~~~~tI%%%&ue whether that viewpoint ag..:;liiii*.i’::‘;+, .::% , .::‘ii;:i”‘i’ili’~~~~~~~ &f&& with my ideas or ideals. ,:::.

Rita’- J&e’s ’ ecstacy




:: : _..:: .~~::: T-.-i

ii;:x;i:;:, :i~Zj.jGj...





:~~itiil:.:,,:, journalism, and being given the ..........~i. _: pet&$!!J:,.,:i: ::.r.:_ 1 have come into contact with ~:_:. ‘;il:1’i”““i.1i.1::,.runa~~~nd. “‘k?&:i.;:i~~;., ,::... .+::.::ii;~j;:; __: .“. ‘:“~~~~a~~~;ps two or even all three ofthese at the .,,jj:: ...: ..,_,_,,,::,,_ .:.::::.::;:


I recently found an article in,,:N~~is~~~~X~~~::, -chevron. I must end now because the chev(Feb. 3175) talkingabout an ,,~pe~~~~~~e “2. ran not only censors articles but also limits t Middle East war which is “~~~+~or&allv ,:?:iPi;to one column letters it does not like or whose content opposes chevron ideas. . Larry Sheldon man, talked about ~~~~s‘si~~~~,.rise in anti3rd yr. Optometry Semitism relatin&%b ,$e cc$%ctl: in the Mid-East. She,~~~~t;rrr~~~~~l &:cdtitits inciheard.














..:j!,::j;,.:: ,:i: '~~~i~~~~,,su~~r

‘..:::,!iiii:ii~~~~:,~~ ::’ plague and famine $8, as now;:~$~el -themselves threaten~~~~~ econo’@@$l6pression, fear of war, and “~~~~~pe of ,#%nts moving out of control. ’ ’ ~“‘:ittiiil~iiii;i;iiail ::_::,: ..f ‘:i::ii:::.:,l:;,:I~~~; ::::,:, ::: ..::,:...i ____,,,.. With petrodtill%& becoming so economically and politically powerful it is obvious that the Western world is feeling increased pressure from the Arabs to abandon. Israel’s side, and either seek geutrality in issues involving the Arabs and Israelis, or side with the Arabs. One needs only to look at the U.N.‘s General Assembly and it is easy to note this phenomenon. It is obvious therefore to point out or even warn people that these sort of crises have happened-before and could very easily result with a rise in anti-Semitism. You might say that you are anti-Zionist and not anti-Semitic, which indeed is very possible. However, with the vast majority of Jews supporting Israel and with such a high percentage of Jews living in Israel, it is easy to relate anti-Zionistic fe‘elings with antiSemitic feelings. I j After reading the article’ by Ms. Tuchman, I felt it well enough written and to bring out enough good points to have it published in the chevron. After all, I was sure that the chevron would want to publish all sides of an issue whether it involved incidents as far away as the Mid-East or as close to home as the Renison incident. This ’ was not the case, though. After showing the article to one of the editors at the Chevron and haying him read it, he said that he disagreed with some points but felt that there,should not be any reason for not publishing the article. He



‘a little thing. . . . . one’moming last week I rushed in-from the cold and wetit straight over to what I have come to know as the ever-accommodating and always friendly check-out desk of the Arts Library. . . . I asked politely (and actually rather persuasively) if I could PLEASE possibly borrowa kleenex from them....(I needed one, kind of badly). . . . . and as I stood there . trustingly, the dear woman behind the desk turned an expression of absolute incredulity upon my wretched self, saying (in a voice rather quivering with indignation a$ amazement). . , “We don’t have a servide for kleenexes here you know! !“. . .I guess I stood there kind o dazed and riot quite comprehending for f moment. . . I then.sort . of wedkly pleaded, “Not even one little piece?’ ’ . . . as the dear won& again turned her withering gaze, upon me-still incredulous at my audacity-and said, “I’m SORRY !” -her voice visibly’ warming to the righteousness of her; cause.. . now it was kind of early in the morning for me, so I was sort of shattered and I think I just kind j of stood there trying tp grasp the import of _ the situation. . . I metin maybe I really was taking greedy I advantage of the facilities . . .? I guess I was just lucky that a friend with a kleenex happened to pass by at that mometi’t. . . it’s such a tiny thing. . . but MY -GOD it kind of threw me.. . .I don’t . actually know if they even had any of the damn things. . . abut what the hell kind of attitude is. that? ! !. ‘. . actually, I just want to say.. . don’t forget that we’re all in this thing together. . . . huh. . .?... Judy



^ _



the chevron




I A.,*,~9.75



by Mph


- Although current public distrust of the politician/business combination, as manifested in Quebec’s Cliche commission into violence in the construction industry, has observers speculating on the imminent demise of the Bourassa government, generally unquestioned but considerably more is the -combination of dangerous politician/glamour technology; monsieurRobert Bourassa, again, a case in point. Much more than moral principle is at stake when politician meets advanced energytechnology, as in Bourassa’s grandiose James Bay adevelopment plan. Consequently the question “Can Canada afford Bourassa’s latest dream”, discussed by Jeff Carruthers, science writer for the Globe and Mail and F.P. publications, must be assessed in a far more searching manner than the immediate cost&short term benefits logic used almost universally by those entrusted with the massive responsibility of deciding, literally, the future of this planet. Bourassa’s “dream” is to initiate industrialization of the northern interior of Quebec by the construction of a major hydro-electric project thereby attracting industry, creating jobs and benefiting Quebec in general. However, Carruthers points out that the Quebec press is suspicious that the real purpose is to supply electricity for others; citing American utilities giant Consolidated Edison’s investment into the project with a rider entitling it to power, which, needless to WY “extra” say, could be arranged. In addition, the press draws attention to involvement by France. Hard hit by numerous oil price hikes, France has embarked on a process ’ of large scale nuclear development to meet her electricity needs. To this end a group of French scientists and Quebec economic consultants, named Canada Diffusion, have been studying the “pre-feasibility” of integrating a French uranium enriching plant into the James Bay development. However, the term “pre-feasibility” seems deceptively non-commital considering one of the major original interests in the Bay development is essentially a front for the French Atomic Energy Commission. The plan envisioned would allow France to finance an enlargement of the 22 billion for 3 billion dollars dollar project, -relatively inexpensivebecause this deal, though formulated ahead of time, will be considered an augmentation of existing facilities, even though ultimately the 3 bill‘ion dollar enrichment plant will use one quarter of the-electrical output at a lower rate of cost than a provincial consumer. The plant is to run on a “toll’-’ system; the uranium will be shipped to the plant for processing then’ shipped to France. Clearly, an arral,gement using Canadian uranium would be far more economical and already the Eldorado mining company has been commissioned to prospect for uranium deposits in the James Bay area. _ The plant is designed to process 16-18 thousand tons of uranium a year, threetimes the present total Canadian output. Officially the deal with France is only at the pre-feasibility stage but, Carruthers notes’, Bourassa has been to France for periodic talks on other occasions before his most recent trip last fall. Meanwhile he denied there was any deal with France until his government quietly announced the , formation of Canada Diffusion. Bourassa has continually conducted negotiations on behalf of Quebec although nuclear projects are a federal responsibility that Ottawa must deem to be in the overall national interest to gain approval. The Federal Ministry predicts the project put unworkably heavy demands on limited technical, financial and manpower -resources. Caruthers reports that the Syncrude energy project is experiencing such severe labour shortages that hourly wages are in the $35.00 range. The two billion dollars for Syncrude was difficult enough to raise and

\ -

I t

. _ >

Bo~rassa’s la& ,,



Can the world I afford <it? the Energy ministry concludes that in view that the James Bay arrangement is not deof the estimated 100 billion worth of energy finite despite the fact Bourassa has proceeded in negotiating with France as development required to meet Canadian needs in the next decade, the James Bayi though there was no question of approval. project would be an uneconomical use of Caruthers speculates the memo was shown capital. The Bourassa deal, contrary to to him in the hopes the Globe and Mail Canadian policy, would exempt France would publish’something so Trudeau could from a safeguard agreement forbidding the show the French some views on the Canause of Canadian nuclear aid for purposes of dian position. ’ weapons development-the same agree‘Caruthers outlined what he thinks are ment over which Canada withdrew nuclear Bourassa’s interests in the project. First, assistance to India when she exploded a the money for expansion from France and nuclear bomb. France is notoriouslyunjob creation. He also includes Bourassa’s cooperative with regards to test ban desire for prestige based on the good equals treaties and continues to conduct atmosbig logic. The project would strengthen ties with France, an advantageous political pheric test blasts in the Pacific despite international protest. In addition, French positicn as the Quebec electorate moves leftward on the separatism issue. The ennuclear technology is competing with the richment plant would be consistent with Canadian Candu reactor on the world market and it would be’ poor strategy for government policy encouraging as much processing as possible of natural resources Canada to supply uranium to France thus liberating other‘ French uranium sources. in Canada before exporting. The disadvantages: the job creation facThe unallocated fuel could be used in a fuel tor seems to be minor since only a thousand supply arrangement offered to a potential buyer-a very- strong selling point in the jobs will be created from $6 billion invest. ment, working out to $6 million to create rapidly expanding nuclear technology market. each job. Actually the high energy-low labour plant could eventually turn out to be - Such factors would be used by the federal government to assess the benefit to the a problem. Caruthers draws attention to the rapid rate of obsolescence in nuclear national interest of such an arrangement y with France, if any. Caruthers recounts technology; even now the French enriched how a memo from Energy minister Dqnald uranium fuel system is considered inferior MacDonald to Prime Minister Trudeau to the Candu system. The numerous curwas leaked or more specifically anonymrent research projects including Israeli reously mailed to him just prior to the P.M.% search on laser enrichment of uranium recent stopover in France. The memo sug- ’ could soon make the French system obsogests Trudeau should inform the French lete and uneconomical. Already nuclear .

reactors designed to last forty years are effectively being written off after fifteen years use in anticipation of predicted technological advances. In esse’nce then the Quebec government could one day find itself stuck with an uneconomical plant and the responsibility to maintain the livelihood of the workers. Even though conversion is feasible the candu reactor wouldn’t use the French enriched uranium nor does it now. Government takeover of the losing venture would seem likely. Then t-here is the problem of supply-contracts. Over optimistic estimates of gas and oil supplies resulted in what now appear to be-extravagant committments to exports to the U.S.A. Could similar contracts to supply uranium to France compel Canada to ignore her own long term needs to keep up supplies to others? Export of resources is associated with a host of other problems. how will western Canada react to an approval to Quebec to export resources while western exports to the U.S. are cut? There is now a serious concern about dangers to the health of uranium mine workers and enrichment plant ‘workers. The most serious question is concerned with disposal of the toxic radioactive waste that is the by product of the enrichment plant. Who has to deal with this curse; ,France or Canada? The probable arrangement is obvious but even if it was decided to ship it to France what company would transport such a cargo? Again even if that was resolved we know transportation accidents are inevitable and if you’ve ever flown to Europe you know most of the trip is over Canada. As with the Syncrude project (see Last Post reprint in last week’s Chevron) politicians concerned with the James Bay project are drastically altering large portions of this country for energy projects to supply other countries with energy. And as myopic politicians in league with business concerns trip over one another to usher us _. into the age of nuclear energy, no one yet has devised a system of storing the deadly radio active waste that stays lethal for ten thousand years, TEN THOUSAND YEARS. Caruthers unblinkingly points out decisions of magnitude made by politicians for immediate gain and popularity, will necessitate the creation of a government Ministry of Nuclear Waste. This agency must remain stable longer than the career of any politician, must outlast any change in government, indeed, must last longer than any known civilization on earth ever has. In New York state radioactive waste temporarily stored in stainless steel containers, until someonefigures out what the substance is (they hope), rusted through after ten years. There is evidence that radioactive waste has leaked into a U.S. water table. Caruthers estimates Canada’s own ultimate buy now, pay later plan by the year 2000 will have accumulated enough waste to fill a football stadium, presumably for a period of 10,000 years between seasons. The petty pilfering of public funds by bureaucrats pales into obscurity compared with our heads of state who, in broad daylight are making us the proud adopted parents of a substance with a traumatic 10,000 year childhood. We’ve got daycare for a fraction of that period but if baby doesn’t take to institutionalized education baby’s coming home. Like Syncrude’s plan to turn a large section of western Canada into the moon by strip mining it for high priced oil, big brother James Bay may also sound like an economically cute tyke but maybe large energy families are impractical in this day and age. Like population growth maybe there’s a -point where you simply CAN’T support any more people especially greedy ones. But will the priests of the church of Progress; the politicians, the pure research boys who dare to think the unthinkable aid in interfering with Progress’s divine plan by making birth control methods available? Not likely. As in real life it must be the potential parents who act; it’s them who suffer.

friday,. march

the chevron

14, 1975



post-secondary training,comparedto Canadahasoneof the finest 39.3 per cent of the men.Sono one educationalsystemsin the world. But canusetheexcusethatworking manyCanadianemployersunjustifiwomenarelessqualified. ablyunderpaysomevery wellThe entiresituationmustchange. educatedgraduates $ofthat system. But if it is to change,we haveto Women. . startthinkingof ourselvesasequals. - s A 24Lyearoldmale,leavinguniAnd demandingthat othersdo, too. ’ versitywith a degree,earnson the ’ We haveto teachour childrento average19per centmorein his first think differently.Becausethey are job thana womanof the sameage with the samedegree.A malehighthe next generationof educatorsand _ homemakers,employersandem2 schoolgraduatecanexpectanaverage getmarriedtoo?Maybethey should, ployees.We mustbreak 34.2per centmorethanthe equivI- down the learn household skills as well. barriers of prejudice for ourselves ’ _ alent female graduate. It just isn’t . Whenit comesto employment, - ” andremovethementirelyfor our right 9 the samekind of archaicthinking children. It just isn’tright, either,that If you would like moreinforma- ’ . ,: longbeforegraduation,someschools bringsus lesspayandrecognition. Certainlywomengetmarried,but 1 tion on International-Worn&s Year I’ 1 still insiston channellinggirls into homeeconomicsclassesandboys manykeepon working. Of somethree andthe statusof womenin Canada, million womenworking in Canada all you haveto do is write us at: into industrialarts. . Somegirls makeexcellentmetoday,morethan50 per centare “WHY N9T!“, OTTAWA, ONT., * \KlA ,OA3.j I chanicsandengineers.Someboys marr!ied.Why arethey beingpaidless We’rehereto help./ makeexcellentdesignersandchefs. thantheir husbands? Becausetheyare Why curbtheir naturaltalents? \ married?How abouta singleworking f, I woman?It costsher asmuchto live Thereis no logicalreasonwhy BUtotis Available.. 1 we should.Equaleducationalopasa singleworking,man.Sowhy is at I portunitiesareguaranteed us under - shealsobeingforcedto live on less? I I . Turnkey’s’ Desk C.C. I law, but thereareprejudicesandprec- Particularlywhen50.0per centof all I Registrar’s OffIce . Canadian’women in the labourforce, . I Book Store edents.Societyexpectswomento I The Pub I cookandsewbecauseit expectsthem havingcompletedtheirhigh-school I I to getmarriedoneday.Don’t men education,havegoneon to take L- -----------I l




. Minister Responsible

foi the Status

of Women .





the chevron

A \



14, 1975


Supporters of the Renison Academic Assembly @AA) gathered in the lobby of Modern Lan- motion by 33 to 73 in support of RAA demands that Reni...

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