Many U of W students returned to the campus monday death of Mike Moser the previous evening. While many
to be confronted with the n&vs of the people-knew Moser persona//v, many
others knew him as one of the finest h+-;.dund of Moser and an account
public According to University of. Waterloo (UW). president Burt Matthews, students, staff and faculty at thisuniversity “must take new initiatives and continue to point ‘out to society and govemment that universities are important.” Matthews statement arose from the symposium held Wednesday afternoon which dealt with the recent government decision to limit budget increases to the university system at 7.2 percent. This figure will only cover approximately 60 percent of the increased operating cost that the university will face next year. Matthews stressed that if the cutbacks are only temporary, the university could survive with few serious problems. However, if the cutbacks are goingto be a trend for the coming years, then all the universities will be in serious trouble. This is the situation that must be avoided, according to Matthews, however ‘“the decision in the long run will be made by the public as to what kind of universities they want .” Matthews went on to state that with this years budget, all feasible cutbacks, that is cutbacks that will not affect the quality of education on this campus, have been made and that the university is left with a deficit of $1.2 million. This will be covered by an unallocated $1.9 million from last year’s budget. This rapidly decreases the cash reserve and if the financial bind continues past this year then the university will be forced to consider more cutbacks, andthese would be of the nature that could seriously
basketball players to play for&the Warrior team. For ,a of the events that led to his death see page three.
about, some staff
environment this type of shouldn’t be necessary.
J. Liban, representing the Canadian Union of Public Employees, the union that the custodians, maintenance workers, etc, belong to, wasn’t too concerned with the quality of education, but was concerned with the waste 0-f money in this university. One example he cited was that theuniversity contracted work out to outside companies when it could have its own staff to do the work. Andrew Telegdi and Shane Roberts, representing the students,
warned that the students are the oneswho will suffer most and that many services to the students will be and are being limited or cut off. The closing of the library at midnight and the large budget cut of counselling services were used as examples. Chris Harries, information officer with the Ontario Federation of Students, warned students of the dangers of the’ “common front” of students and faculty stating that student fees cannot be raised-in order to benefit other groups such as the faculty. Roberts at the end of the symposium urged everyone to write to both the provincial and federal governments and protest the cutbacks.
affect the quality of education on culty would have to have a 20.9 this campus. percent increase-in salaries in order David Tozer, recresenting the to bring the salaries in line with grad students was quick to point those of 1970-71, in respect to purout just how these cutbacks would chasing power. affect the quality of education. Mike Rowe, representing the Tozer contends that one of the staff association, stated that the most neglected financial obligastaff of this university were simply tions of the university is in the area trying to make a living and counterof bursaries and scholarships to ing the $16,000 that the faculty -randy hannigan grad students. If aid is not increased to grad students then the university will lose grad students and this will severely decrease the number of teaching assistants available to professors. This will then increase the work load of the professors, who are already overworked and underpaid according to Mike McDonald who represented . the faculty at the symposium.‘ Grads will also be lost if the support A controversial motion which regular arts classes in April. object of the censure: the firings of staff such as research assistants at would have called for a reForest and Miller. Towler admits censure the libraries are reduced, thus makassessment of the affiliation beting research unbearably slow. ween the University of Waterloo Midway in the meeting, Renison Changed motion Given these conditions plus low * (UW) and Renison College was de- principal John Towler admitted Tuesday’s motion sponsored wages paid to faculty, potential feated by the arts faculty council that he -had received censure for jointly by Leo Johnson and UW grad students would be drawn to Tuesday. procedural reasons from the sociology prof Ron Lambert was an jobs outside the university. Such a re-assessment would CAUT in Ottawa. alteration of an earlier motion taMcDonald stated that the same have taken place should the current ’ UW philosophy prof Mike Macbled by the same two faculty memplight existed for faculty that given Donald, one of the authors of the - bers last- December Canadian Association of Univerwhich called current and possibly heavier work sity Teachers (CAUT) investigafaculty association tenure commitfor the suspension of all academic loads with less time for research, tion of the Renison dispute reach tee report, criticized Towler’s inties between this university and faculty members would be enticed transigent attitude in the face of the first stage of censure. This disRenison College; again, only if cento work outside the university pute centres around the firings last censure and urged him to accept sure of Renison by the CAUT had where financial rewards were more October of academic dean Hugh binding arbitration. MacDonald occurred. lucrative. He noted, however, that Miller and social science prof Jefalso felt Towler’s stance to be unThe original motion was modersome faculty especially philosophy frey Forest. professional considering the wideated after much consultation with professors cannot find other jobs The first stage of censure is simspread recognition of the CAUT as other faculty and students. It was and therefore are bound to accept ply a recommendation for censure the accepted body for such matters felt by most of those consulted, acwhatever wages the university ofand final censure can not occur to be settled. cording to Johnson, that the motion fers. McDonald emphasized that until the CAUT annual convention MacDonald described Towler’s tended to pre-judge what action what the government was trying to in May. At that time, however, as action as “cutting off one head to should take place vis-a-vis a CAUT do was make faculty and staff subsave the other.” In other words, UW history prof Leo Johnson censure and that such anticipation sidize the university by accepting pointed out, the arts faculty would Towler is prepared to accept cenwas manipulative. This modified low wages. He stated that the fabe inoperative due to the closing of sure while continuing to ignore the continued on page 3
Arts faculty .defers R,enis-on gement
HE;YEAR. 197 Noininatioks
for the position of President
/ ,’ of of the Federation of Students, University Waterloo, for the year 197576 open on ~ ., .WEDNESDAY-,
January< 15,) 1975
and close WEDNESDAY; Nomination
fortis. may’ be picked up
from Helga Petz in the Federation office W (Campus Centre Room, \235) and must be’ returned January 22, 1.975. to the same office by 4:30 . p.m. ’ .
of Students Committee
version, it was hoped, would leave open what form (if any) such a reaction would take. For Johnson the motion was simply a “preparatory” one which would in no uncertain terms warn the Renison administration of the possibility of are-assessment of the present relationship between the Arts Faculty and Renison in case of censure.
Blotch on UW The argument put forward by Johnson and Lambert emphasized that the degree Renison was offering was not one of its own but one offered by UW. Hence any censure of Renison would in effect be a blotch on the integrity of the university as a whole. “When a body to which we offer a degree does not maintain standards we, set for ourselves,” declared Johnson, “we must decide if they can continue to give such a
. Arts faculty from
degree. ” Political science professor John Wilson, in support of the motion, argued, “why have the CAUT if we won’t listen to it?” Also he felt that if Renison turns a deaf ear to the CAUT then the arts faculty and (by its recommendation) UW senate should act accordingly. The debate over the Johnson Lambert motion which was referred to as a “damocles sword over the head of Renison” registered a clear distaste for Towler’s actions, yet at the same time most profs showed their reluctance to become involved. The decision of the arts faculty council to sit on the fence for the time being begs the question of what its reaction will be should final censure come next May. Whether they’ll then be prepared to act on their hallowed liberal principles and discipline Renison correspondingly remains to be seen. -doug
RW ups- quality Radio Waterloo, in an attempt to improve its programming, is reducing the number of announcers-and eliminating-the-shows it feels lack quality. ‘Steve Howard, a UW engineering student who is in the core group that‘runs the station told about 50 people assembled in a Radio Waterloo organizational meeting Wednesday that the “station will no longer put up with announcers just grabbing a few records and not attempting to put together a good show”. “We want people who are into radio, putting more time into their shows so they will be of more service to the community.” Howard hoped the shows’ quality would improve with a “little more togetherness and by working as a team”. The lack of togetherness at Radio Waterloo not only jeopardizes the quality of programming but also results in over $600 worth of albums being ripped off from the station in just one term. The swift disappearance of new albums was one reason for the federation cutting off funds for records last autumn. Also Radio Waterloo lost $500 worth of microphones last term. These figures are a considerable increase from last year. However, those in charge have no idea how to reduce rip-offs. Bill Wharrie, a graduate electrical engineering student, in charge of the station’s technical and maintenance problems warned that all people should be more careful with the equipment and have a better idea of how to run it. Just last term, due to a technical foul-up the transformer burned out. Station manager David Assman called for a greater involvement in such areas as campus news. This term he hopes to rebuild a crew to produce original news programming on local issues. Assman‘also mentioned there are many special guest lectures and forums he would like to see rebroadcast on Radio Waterloo. , In the sports department, Radio Waterloo provides play-by-play coverage of hockey and basketball games on campus and Assman asked for volunteers to work on this service. Hopefully things are shaping up for Radio Waterloo. Last term the station received a LIP grant to produce educational tapes. Assman told the chevron the station has already produced several such tapes. The station facility expansion is almost complete. The new studios ’ will have professional quality recording equipment, he said. Already several local groups have requested the use of the unfinished studios which will be rented out for a fee to recoup the large capital expenditures required to build them. -michael
Tragedy struck- the Waterloo Warriors basketball team last week during their four game trip to Florida. The shocking news of Mike Moser’s death has by now reached everyone on campus. Shortly after arriving in Florida Moser complained of flu symptoms and was given medication for the flu. His condition improved over the latter part of the week but then took a turn for the worse early Sunday. The 6’6” centre for the Waterloo Warriors died in St. Petersburg, Florida late Sunday afternoon. An autopsy revealed that he died of a heart attack brought on by a blood clot produced by a-bacteria called endocarditis. Moser was a Kitchener native and is survived by his parents, Mr. and Mrs. George Moser and a brother and sister. He was a graduate of Forest Heights Collegiate and attended Brown University in Providence, R.I. on a basketball scholarship. He returned after one year to study Kinesiology at UW.- This was his third and final year here. Moser’s statistics tell of his superior skills on the basketball court. He was, as one writer referred to him, “basketball at Waterloo”. Mike was in the process of shattering all school records as well as league records. A year ago he set an all-time scoring record in the OUAA with 335 points in 12 games. He was also recognized as “statistical player of the year” in Canada last year. He led the nation in scoring, stood second in field goal percentage, fourth in free throw percentage, and thirteenth in rebounding. Fans likely recall his most devastating performance when he scored a record 52 points in a Naismith Classic final game against Sir George Williams in 1973. He has been voted “Most Valuable Player” two years in a row in the OUAA and was well on his way to another dominating season. He was also a member of the all Cana-
dian University team twice. Moser led the team to championships in the Western section of the OUAA both years as well as winning the overall OUAA title last year for the first time. The Warriors have participated in four turnaments this year and have won three of them. In two of the tournaments Moser was named MVP while in the other two he was selected to the all tournament team. The last time Moser saw action in a tournament was the Carleton tournament where Moser once again was awarded MVP laurels with an excellent output of 33 points in the final game. He left a team rated number 1 in the country and undefeated in Canadian play thus far. Moser was also a valuable member of Canada’s national team for the last three, years. He took part in team trips to China, Moscow and Puerto Rico. Jack Donahue, coach of the national team was shocked upon hearing of Moser’s death. He said that “more than any other player of the team Moser performed to the limits of his ability”, an indication of the effort that Mike put forth. One of Moser’s goals was to participate in the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal. The characteristics this writer was especially impressed by on the court was his consistency, particularly in clutch situations. Moser seemed to be keyed up for the pressure-packed moments. Exemplary of this was the performance turned in by Moser in the recent Naismith Classic final when he scored the last 17 points for the Warriors to eke out a 72-70 win over St. Mary%. But beyond Moser’s prowess on the basketball court was the impression he left on people who really knew him. Paul Condon, sports information officer at U of Waccompanied Moser on a tour to Moscow and commented on how sincere Mike had always been. Condon said that Mike was an “outstanding person above his basketball abil-
Few dollars left. The latest meeting of the Federation of Students board of education and external relations revealed that there is still a few thousand dollars left for special projects this term. These projects are centered around various topics for which there will be general committees. At present three committees have been formed. The areas covered by these groups are: women’s issues, science and technology,‘ and political /social and economic issues. One positive achievement that has already come into being through the aid of board funds is “Cinema Solidarity” which will be presenting several films and speakers this winter. ,Money from the board also funds research on student oriented issues, _ and provides forums and information for the student body. _ The up-coming Ontario Federation of Students (OFS) referendum is an example. It will be held to decide whether or not students will pay an extra $1.50 towards OFS..At present the board has 12 members. There are also others who.work with the committees under the board but are not necessarily voting members. Any person who has a special project in mind and needs funds, or any person interested in working on any of the above mentioned committees should phone the Federation of Students Office for further information. -neil
Mi-IceMoser: - . amaccount
The Federation of Students’ used bookstore is open for business, weekdays from 10 am to 4 pm, in the Campus Centre room 217. Federation services chairman Garth McGuire, is the prime mover behind the concern, -which has been carefully planned since early November. McGuire felt there was a definite need for such a facility on campus due to the high prices of books and “the uselessness of old course texts.” The bookstore will remain open until late March. He’s sure the students will find the facility a great help and will patronize it. Previou’sly, Circle K, the local junior Kiwanis club ran a used bookstore on campus. However, this facility was only in operation for the first two weeks of each term. At present the used book store. has about 1,300 books in stock.
McGuire hopes this stock will increase as more students familiarize themselves with the bookstore and bring in more used texts. Any students who have old, unwanted texts they want to sell are welcome to drop by. The books price is determined by the student, taking into account the book’s initial cost, its condition and whether there’s a large stock of that particular book. However, if the book is not sold after 5 months the student must come in and renew the book or take it home. Added to this price is a 10 percent commission’ out of which is paid the salary of Marnie Skuce who is running the book store at present. McGuire said he’s concerned because the commission is not covering costs and may have to be increased. So far the book store has re-
ity”. He was the unselfish team leader of the Warriors, and a perfect example of a college athlete. Moser combined his athletic abilities with straight A marks in his study of Kinesiology . He believed in keeping his body in excellent physical condition and it was ironical that such a fatal illness should cause his death at the young age of 22, He didn’t smoke or drink and worked out year around to keep in shape. Other friends of Moser’s said that he had earnest dedication to whatever he did and he gave ‘100% in all aspects of life. The effect that this will have on the Warrior team is yet to be seen. Moser was well-liked by his teammates and Wednesday night’s game was cancelled in respect of him. Phil Schlote knew him well since their days as teammates on an all-Ontario high school team at Forest Heights. The two of them- _ were colcaptains on this year’s Warrior team. Coach Don McCrae coached the Forest Heights club at the time and moved up to coach the . Warriors four years ago. Much of Moser’s success can be attributed to the coaching of Don McCrae. Moser and McCrae had built up great mutual respect for each other throughout the years. McCrae often referred to Moser as the “quickest 6’6” man in the Canadian game”. Responsible and dedicated were other words that McCrae used to characterize Moser as an athlete and as a person. The next time the black and gold take the floor, number 53 won’t be there but he should be remembered by fans, .opponents and friends for a long time. Plans for some sort of memorial . fund are now being finalised and people wishing to make donations should contact the physical education office in the PAC (Physical Activities Complex) later on in the week. -ken
ceived a subsidy of $1,950 to cover the initial capital costs of book shelves and the store’s losses due to the low volume of books. McGuire expects within a year -the bookstore will be paying for itself and the bookstore will be able to repay the subsidy to the federation. The initial work on the bookstore was completed thanks to the volunteer work of Rita Schneider, Marg Tooley and Garth McGuire. Any students interested in volunteering their time to improve the store should contact McGuire or Skuce in the bookstore or in the federation office. McGuire is hoping thestock will be further expanded. At present a large portion of the stock are texts, however McGuire is hoping the bookstore will receive more reference books and perhaps some science fiction. McGuire emphasized “if students want the bookstore it will be , there, but only if they bring in books and purchase others”. -michael
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.OFS OTTAWA (CUP)-The Ontario Federation of Students (OFS) has proposed a common front of students, faculty, support staff and administrators to attack the Ontario provincial government’s latest financing cutback to Ontario universities and colleges. The -government’s grants for 1975-76 will be a total of 16.5 per cent over last year but because of special grants and programs the real increase to post-secondary institutions will only by 7.5 per cent. The inflation rate presently running at 10 to 12 per cent means that universities will have to cutback on services. “This cutback is the culmination of three or four years of govemment financing policies and next year will be worse if this trend continues. We have to get the government to re-evaluate their priorities regarding education ,’ ’ said OFS fieldworker Ben McDonald. OFS held an emergency meeting December 16 of 25 university and college student presidents to discuss the implications of the funding. The implications include the possible closing of Lakehead and Laurentian universities, classroom overcrowding, non-replacement of obsolescent equipment, phasing -’ out of courses due to the lack of facilities and faculty, elimination of experimental programs, underpaid staff, increased student/faculty ratios which will all lead to a general decline in the quality of postsecondary education.
The possibility of the common front was discussed at the meeting and a decision to form such a joint effort was made in order to build as broad an opposition to the government as possible. It was also noted by many participants that there would be some difficulties with administrators, who might not want to oppose the government too heavily and also with university presidents who, through the Council of Ontario Universities, has proposed a tuition increase. Immediate efforts were made to explore the common concern of the various interest groups within the post secondary institutions and an _ attempt to have a joint meeting will be made in early February.
Cancer. r (FNS)-Recent studies conducted by scientists in the United States, Italy and Bulgaria have shown that the drug Metronidazol (Flagyl), used in the treatment of trichomonas vaginitis, causes cancer, gene mutations and an increase in certain harmful bacteria. A petition has been sent in to the FDA regarding a published study in the United States which showed the drug caused cancer in mice but the FDA tabled it. Since the petition was sent in new scientificevidence has appeared to support the , fact that Metronidazol should not
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“The prognosis so far looks good at individual campuses. Several have said that they have got together with all the various interest groups on campus,” McDonald said. “On January 18, OFS representatives will meet to put together a position to negotiate- from. Then we will have a meeting with interested representatives from OFS, students, teachers, administrators and staff associations,” he said. McDonald foresees however, that it might be too late to do anything as the government may implement its announcement before sufficient pressure can be built to oppose it.
Future Steps - The meeting decided to carry out several steps to work toward: I send letters from postsecondary institutions to- Premier Davis protesting the financial cutbacks. -to release statements to the press on the ramifications ‘of the financial crisis to post-secondary institutions. -to approach the support staff, faculty and administrations on each campus to explore the possibility of joint action. -to hold a province-wide meeting of representatives of constituencies within universities and colleges (students, faculty, support staff, and administration) -to approach labour and community organizations at a local and provincial level to try and build public support for post-secondary education. -to hold a province-wide workshop on January 18 on the financial crisis involving as many colleges and universities as can attend. -to collect the various submissions made to the’ Ontario ‘Council on University Affairs and the CounI cil of Regents. -to gather from each college and university student government specific information regarding the impact of the announced support levels on: faculty student ratios, supplies and equipment, capital freeze on physical facilities, program cuts, research, faculty salaries, libraries, and student services.
The Federation of Students’ bookstore is now open for-business, weekdays JO a.m. to 4 p.m. in the campus cent& room 2 17. Federation services chairman Garth McGuire cordial/v extends an invitation to all students to bring their used texts and perhaps buy several from the bookstore’s growiig stock. Michael Gordon
Non-violence hits campus As a part of a Symposium on Non-Violence this week, Conrad Grebel College and the Federation of Students featured a Wednesday
lecture by Gene Sharp of Harvard University. Mr. Sharp, author of’a pamphlet entitled “The Politics of Nonviol-
Feds censor seab teach The Federation of Students’ council voted Sunday to censor former University of Waterloo (UW) psychology prof Bob Lahue for taking an academic position at Renison College, in defiance of a recommendation made by the UW Faculty Association. The recommendation contained in the association’s tenure committee report, warns faculty members and graduate students “not to accept any kind of academic appointments at Renison College. ” This “warning_will only be rescinded” until such time when Renison “will agree to proper grievance -procedures”. Lahue was hired by Renison Jan. 6, to teach a social research course previously taught by dismissed academic dean Hugh Miller. Miller, along with social science prof Jeffrey Forest and UW human relations prof Marsha Forest, was given notice of dismissal by Renison’s board of governors Oct. 31 and effective Dec. 20, 1974. Jeff
be used in non-life-threatening disin the rate of e-coli bacteria Citeases. robacter freundii and birth defects - Flagyl was discovered to cure with study animals used in the trichomonas vaginitis b:, the G.D. tests. It w-as also found that test Searle Co. who holds the patent on animals experienced an increase in the drug. Slightly modified forms of the incidence of breast tumors, the drug have been found to cure lung cancer and malignant lymtrichomonas also but they are not phomas. as effective as Flagyl. As it stands, When this drug was tested (beFlagyl is the only effective drug ex-’ fore it was released on the market) isting that is used extensively for the tests concentrated on the efthe treatment of Trichomonas Vagfects that the drug had on the carinitis. diovascular, respiratory or auMetronidazol, in oral use, is abtonomis nervous systems of dogs, sorbed into the bloodstream and is rats and mice. Evidentally some partially metabolized in the .body areas where possible adverse efand excreted in the blood, saliva fects could have taken place were and in milk (at a low concentranot studied. For more information on this tion). The studies done on the effects of this drug found that it ’ drug contact the Health Research caused gene mutations in salGroup, 2,000 P. Street, N.W., monella bacteria, a doubling in the Washington DC. Unfortunately, at mutation rate in Klebsiella this time no information is available pneumoniae bacteria, an increase from Canadian sources.
Forest will effectively be fired April 30, 1975, while Marsha Forest was barred from “teamteaching’1 with her husband effective Dec. 20, 1974. The three profs, together with Renison Women’s studies prof Marlene Webber who was charged by the college administration of disruptive conduct in the student protest prompted by the firings, approached the UW Faculty Association to conduct an investigation on the dispute. The association has since referred the matter to the Canadian Association of University Teachers (CAUT) to see whether there is cause to censor Renison for the manner in which it conducted the firings. Students’ council, with one dissenting vote, passed the motion censoring Lahue after little discussion as most councillors had read and received the Faculty Association report with their agenda packages. In other business, councillors set the dates for the next federation presidential elections (Feb. 5) and council seats (Feb. 26). The Ontario Federation of Students’ referendum will also be held Feb. 5. Council voted to give $750 to the board of communications to establish a 16,mm film and processing workshop for anyone who wants to learn how to use such equipment. The sole requirement for the user is a $12 fee, which has to be deposited upon receiving the 16 mm camera and film. The idea behind the venture, apart from the learning involved, is to build up a campus film library. The films could also be screened at the “federation flicks” each week, Council also allocated $1,200 to a campus group called “Cinema Solidarity” which weekly screens films on the Third -World. The group’s next film will be “Bum” with Marlon Brando, this Sunday. -john
ent Action” and a one-time prisoner for “conscientous objection” in the 1950’s, began his lecture by stating that he -was “not here to offer a panacea, nor to convert anyone”. “I merely wish to encourage you to think about the problem, come up with your own ideas, and pursue them” he said. He spoke of how the phenomenon of war has totally changed in this century, referring to Hitler’s extermination programme, and the catastrophic impact that war has had in polluting the atmosphere and oceans. Sharp suggested that we should look at the more hopeful elements of human history in our search for non-violent alternatives to war. From the world’s “vast history of non-violent struggle”, Sharp cited three separate examples of successful non-violent resistance, lending -an optimistic tone to the lecture. He stressed heavily the point that if war is to be abolished, the needs that it satisfies must be replaced. These needs, such as the protection and expansion of freedom, must not be abandoned but rather satisfied in other, nonviolent ways. To abandon violence without providing a substitute for effective struggle would give some people a feeling of hopelessness; for it would strip them of what they feel to be their only effective weapon. Similarly, any movement to eliminate a political structure would fail. As a nonviolent alternative, Sharp was most in -favour of what he referred to as “unorganized noncooperation”. What this means is that the refusal to cooperate with or to be intimidated by violent action is more effective than violent retaliation, a point which he illustrated with the example of the Russians’ invasion of Poland, during which the Poles’ unto-operative attitude caused the Russians more trouble than they had anticipated. Sharp openly rejected the fundamental assumptions that most anti-war protestors have, stating that such things as the removal of social and political conflicts or the unification of the world under one government would just not be possible. His lack of faith in common peace movements was evident when he stated that “they don’t seem to really believe that war can be abolished’ ’ . He concluded the lecture by suggesting that “the unwillingness to obey and cooperate is natural”, using the child who plays hooky or refuses to take out the garbage as an example: “Multiply this by 5 or 10 thousand,” he said, “and you have a full scale teacher’s strike or garbageman’s strike”. -jim
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VANCOUVER ,(CUP)-Officials at two of British Columbia’s three public universities have plans to , build large student residence additions within two years. But the largest, the University of BC, doesn’t have any such plans, it was learned only a week ago. Both Simon Fraser University and the University of Victoria asked the provincial government for loans and grants to create at least 800 new rooms at the December BC Universities Council hearings. UBC representatives also attended the closed-door budget hearings but, while agreeing housing is a significant problem, the representatives said residence construction can come only after current academic and service building plans are fulfilled. More than 1,600 students were turned away from UBC’s residences last September and hundreds of others needing accomodation didn’t bother putting etheir names on the long waiting list. UBC’s enrolment of 20,000 is larger than the combined enrolment of both SFU and UVIC. UBC deputy president William White said this week that residence construction isn’t necessarily a lower priority at UBC than at the other two universities but “so many other needs are pressing at the present time.” “The university at the moment has a building programme underway. Since costs are rising, our building priority is to complete the existing programme. ’ ’ “First things first. Let’s clean up the building programme we are on before embarking on any more,” said White. Officials from both SFU and UVIC said they consider the housing problem serious enough to warrant immediate act ion. Sean Roberts, SFU’s administration vice-president for university services, said, “Simon Fraser has indicated its intention to build housing on campus.” He also said SFU hopes to borrow most of the money necessary for residence construction from the federal Central Mortgaging and Housing Corporation (CMHC) but asked the Universities Council for additional capital grants to help start construction. At least 500 units will be constructed within the next two years, Roberts said. A spokesperson for UVIC’s board of governors said the board has recommended to the Universities Council that $3.7 million be spent to expand the university’s residences. The UVIC board asked the provincial government for a grant of $2.5 million and a loan of $1.2 million to construct about 300 new single bed dormitory rooms. The university also plans to spend/ about $100,000 on special accomodation for married-couples. Universities Council chairperfbon William Armstrong said this week the council has initiated a study on university housing at the request of the three universities. . The study will be finished and sent to the provincial government by late January, in time for legislative debate of university budgets. Armstrong said the study so far has shown that BC is one of several areas in Canada which seem to need additional residences. The Universities Council coordinates activities among the three universities and is responsible for dividing bulk government grants among the institutions.
Geneticists fear biological born b by Gail Mitchell (CUP) The potential .for misuse of knowledge has always been nightmarish. But with the recent developments in genetics, the threat of disaster has never been so real. In fact, for the first time in the history of modern science, research workers concerned with molecular biology have called a halt to their studies for fear of the consequences. And for the first time scientists are questioning their common, and generally unspoken assumption, that the acquisition of knowledge is always an absolute good, requiring no justification or ethical sanction.
Dangers More than 200 eminent scientists recently concluded an urgent conference at Davos, Switzerland, on the immediate dangers and projected future benefits of genetic engineering . Researchers have realized that their latest achievement-the cracking of genetic codes-%as opened the way to the designing of new bacteria which are potentially more dangerous to mankind than the atomic bomb. In 1953, at Cambridge Univer‘sity, Dr. James Watson and Dr. Francis Crick discovered that the pattern of all life forms is deter.mined by a double-helical molecule of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). Genes are molecules of DNA, units of heredity. Since then scientists have found ways of cutting the long molecules into shorter pieces and recombining them. These splicings are then incorporated into bacteria to create new microorganisms whose potential for causing disease in plants, animals and man is yet unknown. In 1969, when three biologists at the Harvard Medical School announced to the world they had SUCceeded in isolating a pure gene from a bacterium, it was not without some misgivings. Although they felt their discovery could be used to cure such hereditary diseases as hemophilia, they ‘warned of the dangers of government misuse of the technique. They feared they were unleashing on the world the same kind of mixed blessing as nuclear power. They were not alone in their fears. Soon after the announcement Maurice Wilkins, 1963 winner of the Nobel Prize for medicine, warned that the isolation of the gene could lead to the development of a major germ weapon. “It is the kind of thing you cannot trust society with,” he said. Again in 1972, Australian microbiologist and Nobel laureate Sir MacFarlane Burnet said he would, if he could, stop all experimental efforts to manipulate the genes of viruses that inflict grave illness or death in people. The danger, he said, was the inadvertent creation in the laboratory of sub-species of a devastating virus against which humans would have no immunological defences. ’ “The possibility for good in these experiments are trivial improvements in vaccines, and not worth’the risk,” Bumet said. Despite the past warnings from scientists in the field, it was not until this summer that some kind of positive action was taken to look seriously at the potential consequences of genetic engineering. In July of this year, 11 American
researchers, including Watson, declared they were halting certain experiments in genetic manipulation of bacteria. Their reason: if they do not stop they may accidentally loose upon the world new forms of life-semisynthetic organisms that could cause epidemics, resist control by antibiotics and perhaps increase the incidence of cancer. In a letter published in Science magazine (the magazine of the American Association for the Advancement of Science) and in Nature, the British counterpart, they urged colleagues around the world to stop experimentation with bacteria whose biological properties cannot be predicted in advance. The group, chaired by Paul Berg, chairman of the Stanford Univer-
at Fort Detrick, Maryland, in trying to improve on the lethality of viruses and bacteria harmful to man. Controversy already surrounds every proposal put forth at the conference in Switzerland. Scientists at the University of British Columbia have gone ahead in the application of genetics to the management of insect pests, offering benefits to agricultural and public health care. Their colleagues at Sussex University in Britain have developed new strains of nitrogen-producing bacteria that could cut down the need for fertilizer. Industry is attracted by the prospects of new processes for the synthetic production of drugs, such as insulin.
ary framework while gene transfer can be done by competent people in any lab at any place. And for some of the work to be carried out behind a cloak of military or commercial secrecy would be doubly dangerous.” Scientific progress has always been erratic. It seems it has been impossible for us to protect ourselves from the changes. The different developments are uncontrolled-there is no master plan guiding the research. It is as if science has been waging guerilla warfare against society-small teams of men, each working on its own
biological bomb. Now many scientists would like to see the establishment, through the forthcoming world conference on genetic engineering, early next year, of an authoritative intemational body to advise specialists on aspects of research in the field that should be avoided. Perhaps scientists have finally stopped regarding their subject as a curiosity and started treating it as the most potent force of our world. With some luck we may even be better prepared for the coming of the “biological age” than we were for the “nuclear age. ”
Water Shortage checks growth
Waterloo region’s limited water supply may deter the spread of Toronto’s rapid growth into the area “if only in the medium ‘term”, . regional chairman Jack Young said, in an inaugural address to councillast Thursday. According to a year-end provincial planning study, Toronto’s population could more than double in 27 years. The Central Ontario Lakeshore Urban Complex study predicted that Toronto region’s 3.6 million population ‘could escalate to 8 million by 2001, Young said,.
‘I Slow growth
Therefore it is unlikely that the province will allow the region to adopt its slow growth policy given the report’s estimates, he said. “There is in my view no way that our region can escape the overflow of these pressures located as we are adjacent to the 401 corridor.” Regional council still has to approve its official plan which will then be taken to the province for final approval. If the province then decides that- more growth is required in Waterloo region, then plans to limit regional expansion to 460,000 by 1991, an annual increase of around 2.5 percent from the present 277,000, will be scrapped ,-Young said. “In provincial circles I sense an urgency to force more development of badly needed housing in Southern Ontario, and particularly where the province already owns’land intended for this purpose (such as Waterloo ’ region)-perhaps even at the expense of some hard earned gains in planning policies. ” However, due to uncertainty in future water supply, the region can avert provincial intervention in planning, Young said. “ . . .the use of the natural constraint of unproven water supply appears as an unique planning strategy if only in the medium term.”
expresses-glee Young expressed glee at provincial approval of a $250,000 study of underground water along the Grand River and in regional well fields. The study, which includes a proposal to use a natural filtration system in a natural underground reservoir along the Grand River at Woolner’s Flats, shows that the region could develop water supplies in this area in a lo-year \ period. Therefore, if the region can make ends meet with local water sources, without searching elsewhere, near self-sufficiency in water may provide a “brief respite” and an unusual planning tool, he said. But. . .“ the question of future water supply will be themost important” problem facing regional government during its third term.
A real challenge
sity department of biochemistry, is buying time to consider hazards before rapidly developing research grows too large to be controlled. According to Berg, the embargo is “the first I know of in our field. It is also the first time I know of’that anyone has had to stop and think about an experiment in terms of its social impact and potential hazard. ” Many are less than sanguine about the embargo holding. One National Institute of Health (U.S.) scientist says, “anyone who wants will go ahead and do it.” Although, he adds, the technique requires a moderate degree of sophistication at the present, it will be a “highschool project in a couple of years.” Others are uncertain whether the ban will be observed by countries interested in the new technique’s considerable potential in biological warfare. For example, many millions of dollars were invested at the U. S. Army’s biological laboratory
Yet, if some of the fastproducing deadly organisms were to escape from the laboratory in the course of experiments, they- could produce plagues that would make the Black Death of medieval Europe look trite, for there would be little hope for control. And dangerous materials have been known to escape from laboratories. Only recently, smallpox escaped from Porton Down, Britain’s top-security laboratory concerned with micro-biological research. Although the problems are comparable to those associated with nuclear fallout, in that it affects everyone, John Kendrew, deputy director of the British Medical Research Council’s Laboratory of Molecular Biology,, thinks it’s worse. “ . . .In my opinion our present problem is even more difficult. For early nuclear research was contained within a governmental milit-
Apart from the water issue, the new regional council will face “a real challenge” in coping with skyrocketing inflation and reduced government subsidies, Young said. As “it is not economical” to postpone needed road maintenance, landfill acreage, conservation projects and similar ventures “to more expensive days in the future.” Complicating the matter, council can’t ask municipalities to foot the bill as the above services are-under regional jurisdiction, he- said. In addition, council can’t expect “pennies from heaven” in 1975, from the provincial government, according to a statement by (now departed -replaced by Darcy McKeough) Ontario treasurer John White. However, if council solves these difficulties then it will have “implemented regional government without undue financial hardship on the average regional taxpayer”, Young said. -john
Whites <lose face ’
TULSA (CUP-ZNS)-A study at the University of Tulsa found that blacks, whites and y.ellows have difficulty recognizing members of most other racial groups. Psychologist Stephen Lute showed pictures of persons of various races to a number of black,
white and yellow volunteers. After a minute delay, the pictures were shown again in a different order to find which individuals could be most easily recognized. Lute found that white people could recognize other whites; that black people could recognize blacks; and that yellow-coloured people easily identified other yellows the best. An oddity in the findings was that whites had\ little trouble recognizing yellow people, but a great diffi- ’ culty identifying blacks. Yellows however, had little trouble identifying blacks, but great difficulty in recognizing whites.
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The Last 7 Page Alfred Hitchcock has a theory that the best thing to do when confused over the production of a new film is to stick to old tried and true methods. Obviously there have been so few financially successful Hollywood films that producers are now trying to cash in on genres of film that have drawn in the most
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money in the past, with the result that there is-now a current crop of so-called “disaster films”, such as Earthquake, Towering Inferno; sequels, (guess to what!) Godfather& Airport 1975, and remakes of films adequately done in the past. These remakes are usually-quite disasterous, yet the re-re-make of The Front Page turns out to be a pleasant surprise (and huge success) when Billy Wilder throws together the unbeatable combination of a good story, good actors, and a G. rating. The film, based on the Hecht-MacArthur play of the 30’s about a newspaper editor, his star reporter, and an escaped convict hidden in a desk for an exclusive interview, is quite adequate but becomes sloppy when the story ‘seems to slow down. The comedy is in the dialogue of the characters and yet, to achieve the effects of a
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large production, Wilder reverts to the slapstick techniques of the Twenties when he leaves the indoor sets to show troops of police on motorcycles roaring through the city in all directions, or follows the reporter to a police stake-out. The irony of this is that the effect of the reporting of these scenes in the press room after-words is then softened. Obvious technical errors abound. The’ most disturbing of these being the appearances of an advertising poster for a film made in 1930, when the first shot of The Front Page tells the year is 1929; and an overhead boom mike creeping into the top of the frame is almost unforgivable. Jack Lemmon and Walter Mathau become the odd couple of the press room, and renew their amicable hostilities in order to scoop the other papers by fair means or foul-namely; printing a picture of a hanged man, and making up his last statement. (Shades of Daniel Defoe!) Including Carol Burnett as the voice of Social Consciousness and medium for sqtiric commentary added to the films’ relevance, (“if you read it in the newspapers, it must be true.“) yet detracted from all the other characters, and altered the mood, being built up. Howard Hawks in his production, His Girl Friday treated the character as part of the total comedy, and so his flowed more evenly and had more impact. Still, the satire is equally relevant today and the comedy just as absurd. The financial success of the film guarantees it a shot at the Academy Awards, and one may well expect it to follow the usual path of these successes and be resurrected once more in the form of a television series. -john
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cTravelling and learning in the usslit
by Chris Hughes‘ & David Prud’homme During the summer, 25 students from the Universities of Waterloo, Brock, Carleton, Dalhousie, Ottawa, and Western spent 23 days travelling in the Soviet Union as part of the “Russian summer workshop” of the Departments of Germanic and Slavic Languages and Literatures.
in a very abrupt manner: This may account for some of the negative feelings brought back by many other tourists. Our visit to the Kremlin, in which are housed the main government buildings, was interesting in that one of our male members was refused admittance because dress s he was wearing shorts. Conservative is considered by the people as proper for public places such as government buildings, museums, theatres, etc. On at least three occasions members of our group were made aware of the fact that the Rus-
Taxi terror It was also on that same evening that a group of us experienced our first Soviet taxi ride. In contrast to the more relaxed life of the pedestrian, one ride brings back visions of Montreal. The terror is aided by the fact that in the cities in the Soviet Union the maximum speed is set at 50 mph, and outside the cities, there is no set speed limit. Often just getting a cab is a nightmare (or a pain in the saraka), for one must either order the cab from the hotel front desk,
The academic benefits of the trip were numerous, but perhaps even more signific‘ant were the cultural insights’into Soviet life which we all gained. Rather than embark on an organized analysis of the Soviet way of life, we feel that the narration of several incidents which we encountered would in the long run be more informative. In Moscow our group was registered at the very modern Hotel Rossiya in the heart of the city. This hotel is but a two-minute walk, or a kopek’s throw, from the Red Square and the Kremlin. The Red Square is very popular with the Russians, and -is in effect Moscow’s Yonge St. Mall-a place where the Muscovites congregate and mill about all hours of the day and night.
On our first night we met a couple of friendly Russians who invited us to their apartment. pfter walking and conversing for some time, we concluded that they really didn’t know, where they were going, and as it was getting quite late we left them to return to the hotel. Being unsure of exactly where we were, we asked a young woman for directions. She not only told us which bus to take, but also paid our fares and accompanied us right back to the hotel.
sian people themselves do not like shorts, as they consider them okay at beaches and such, but not in the cities. Likewise women wearing low, or no-back dresses drew many rather stunned stares and oftenoutright eomplaints as that sort of apparel is still very risque in the Soviet Union.
Nature and beauty
It was this sort of,hospitality that we met throughout our travels. At ‘this point we should mention that any attempt to speak Russian was met with immediate enthusiasm. The people were very patient with our broken Russian, and always tried to help in any way they could. We found that the tourists who did not speak the language, or refused to even try, were treated
The Russians love nature and beauty which is apparent in all their cities. Many main streets have wide boulevards with trees and benches. Parks can be, seen everywhere. Their parks and streets are remarkably clean, for Russians seldom lit-’ ter. Many times, when a tourist would throw a cigarette butt or wrapper on the J ground, a Russian would come over, pick it up and deposit it in a trash receptacle. The Russian people enjoy their relax& tion, and whereas in North America many parks have a baseball diamond, in the USSR public tables are set up for chess playing. The range of other entertainment is very broad, from singing with a group of friends on the bank of the Neva River where they play their guitars, sing and chat while watching the ships come through the draw-bridges from late evening till the early morn&rg. It was here in Leningrad that we met a woman from Odessa who was attending a fashion, design Institute. She took us for a tour of the Summer Garden, a boat tour on the Neva, and later to watch the opening of the bridges. The whole time she occupied us with .questions about the West and especially wantedus to give her a definition of a “hippy”, which proved somewhat difficult as our interpretation was not the same as her preconceived notion, which was “a person who does not work, has long hair and plays the guitar all day!”
which could take anywhere from a half to three hours, or else you must wait your turn at a designated cab-stop. This method has its drawbacks too, as women with small children, and invalids, are given priority by the cabs, so the wait could be a long one. Although, if you are stranded somewhere and really need a cab, the best way to get one to stop, where they normally would not stop, is by holding an American dollar in your hand and flagging one down. This usually brings immediate results. Another example of the above mentioned difficulties was our return to the hotel in Leningrad from the Neva. Weapproached a cab with its free light onWe asked if he was free and started to get in, at which point the cabby quickly locked the doors, rolled up the windows, and went to tosleep. After an extended time waiting at -the cab-stop we acquired a cab which took us to the hotel, and also “took” us for tourists. After meeting a few times with various groups of Russians we came to realize exactly how unprepared most of us were for the trip. At any meeting, we were presented with small momentoes, usually pins (znachki), or small art prints. Most of us had run out of pins to give in return and had to resort to giving away Canadian coins, but within time we even ran out of these. This did not seem to bother them, and they gladly showered us with these presents. Our encounters with the youth at such meetings sometimes ended up in some funny events. One such event was our get together with a group of students from the Toglatti Automobile Institute near -Kuibyshev on the VolgaRiver. One of the students was very anxious to meet someone who could play the guitar, but as it turned out only one of us could. Even then
she only knew sad type songs, such as Dylan’s and Cohen’s. The Russians, in contrast, wanted to hear happy songs. The fellow continued to request a happy English song. After much persistance ,we, as a small group, decided to speed up one of the sad songs and look happy as we sang. It seemed, that since they’did not understand _ english, we could fulfill this request and still be good ambassadors. ,
Intense interest It was in our conversations with the Soviet citizens that we bacame aware of the Russians’ intense interest in many different things. Our research since has shown that the USSR is the largest per capita book-publishing country in the world. It is also worth mentioning that books are extremely inexpensive-a hard cover 500-plus specialized dictionary for $2.05, and a soft-cover, 65 page book of poetry for 15 cents! Further, one could note in the subways that a very large percentage of the commuters had books with them to read en route. Perhaps it is this easy access to books which makes the Rus: sians so knowledgeable, and also caused some of us a certain degree of embarassment, for many Russians were better informed about Canadian literature than we were. In summing up, we ‘can only warn the reader to be cautious in forming his opinion of the Soviet Union. Many tourists go to the USSR and expect another Canada with respect to personal amenities. What they find is quite different and their return views are very negative. Having had many oppor-
tunities to talk with Russians, and to go on our own to non-tourist regions, we discovered that the Russains are a very friendly people, although, of course, they do lack many of the consumer goods which we take for granted. What they lack, though, is more than compensated for with the cultural facilities provided. The Soviet Union has much to offer the observant tourist, and no amount of writing can substitute for personal experiences, but we hope that this article will have shown, in some small way, the human side of Soviet life.
Black leather wallet in vicinity of En: gineering Buildings-contents very important and personal papers; of no value to anyone else. If found please phone 884-6215.
Male Stutterers as subjects in kinesiology senior research study. Two one-half hour sessions. $5.00 Contact Donna at ext. 2156.
$$$ Earn $100 to $400 per month pati time. 744-6979. Used 5 string banjo around $30. Phone 578-5672 after 6 pm.
Personal Gay Lib office CC 217C open MonThurs. 7-l 0 pm and most afternoons for counselling and information Phone 885-l 211, ext. 2372. ,Inmate seeks correspondence with realistic, uninhibited, and concerned people, regardless of age, colour, religion or ethical background. I will answer all letters. Please write to: Mr. Raber-t Nunn No. 137-I 77, P.O. Box 69 London, Ohio, USA 43140. Slack Week in Nassau $269.00 includes meals, flight hotel, extras. Hurray! Limited space. Call Brian 884-l 755. Jamaica-reading week in the sun. Feb. 14-21 ‘(other dates also) $340 includes airfare, accomodation, 2 meals a day, transportation, tax, and other special features. For information and bookings contact AOSC, 44 George St., Toronto, Ont: Tel 962-8404.
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TY ping Fast accurate typing at .40 cents a page. IBM Selectric. Located in Lakeshore Village. Call 884-6913 anytime. Typing done at .50 cents a sheet. Call Gloria Dale, 621-1981 in Cambridge. (Galt) Experienced typists will do typing in own home, residence within walking distance of University. Please call 884-6351.
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F. Greene film “One Man’s China” parts 1 & 2. 12:30 pm. AL1 16. Free Prof. Joe Surich will talk on Canadian Politics. 8 pm. Free. Waterloo Public .Li brary.
The Jazz and Blues Club will present an informal record programme on Lester Young by Jack Williams at 8 pm. Kitchener Public Library., W. Hinton speaks on “New Develop8 pm. AL 116. Free.
ment in China”. Para-legal
assistance. Providing free non-professional legal advice for students. 7-10 pm. CC1 06. Call 885-0840 or ext. 3846. Friday
The Canadian Opera Company presents La Boheme (in english) with orchestra admission $4, students$2. 8 pm. Humanities Theatre.
Speakers from various world religions speaking on World Brotherhood. Sponsored by K-W Baha’i Communities. 8 pm. Psych 2083.
share exhibition at the art gallery. pm. Theatce of the arts.
The organizational meeting of the newly formed Outer’s Club will take place in Village II Great Hall. 7 pm. All interested students, faculty & staff please attend.
Federation flicks: “Serpico” with Al Pacino. 8 pm. AL1 16. Non-feds $1.50 Fed members $1. ,’
lrland and Raphael exhibition. Theatre
The Canadian Opera Company presents La Boheme with orchestra. 8 pm. Humanities Theatre. Admission $4 students $2.
of the Arts. 9-4 pm.
Federation Flicks: “Serpico” with Al Pacino. 8 pm in AL1 16. Non-feds $1.50 Fed members $1.
Sunday lrland and Raphael exhibition. Theatre .of the Arts. 2-5 pm. Advanced
Luxat will speak on “Women and Employment” at Cambridge (Galt) YWCA, 40 Thorne St. 2-4 pm.
Tuesday Museum of Games & Archives-is
Para-legal assistance. Providing free non-professional legal advice for students. 1:30-4:30 pm. CC 106 Call 885-0840 or ext. 3846. Chess Club-meeting
lecture for transcendental only. 8 pm. Eng 3-l 101.
Federation flicks: “Serpico” with Al Pacino. 8 pm. AL1 16. Non-Feds $1.50, Fed members $1. Movie “Brilliant Spectacle” MC 2065. Free admission.
at 8 pm.
Cinema Solidarity presents “Burn” with Marlon Brando. 7 pm. Campus Centre Great Hall. Free admission.
from l-4 pm. MC 6032.
at 7:30 pm. CC
lrland and Raphael exhibition. Theatre of the Arts. 9-4 pm.
-F. Green Film “One Man’s China”. parts 3 & 4. 12:30 pm. Phy 145. Free admission. Films on Chinese Acrobatic & Wushu (Kung-Fu) 8 pm. MC 2065. Free.
Wednesday lrland and Raphael exhibition. Theatre of the Arts. 9-4 pm.
Assistance. Providing free non-professional legal advice for students. 7-10 pm. CC 106. Call 885-0840 or ext. 3846. . Museum
6032. l-4 pm and 6-9 pm.
A brilliantyoungchemist I I III namedLou I I !I Studiedthewholeeuening II I through I I 1 Booksof factsandequations II IIII .. Thatgaueexplanations II - f Forthegreat/tasting flauour II - I II i bf ‘Blue’ I I -, -- II I \\ --ill-w----l-
Blood Donor Clinic at First United Church at King & William. 2-4 pm and 6-8:30 pm. Universities gay Liberation will hold its 2nd meeting of the term tonight at 8 pm. Among topics to be discussed will be the Gay Alliance Towards Equality or GATE conference in Toronto. Come see what you can do to get your civil rights. Room CC 110. Coffee House will follow meeting. Watertoo
and Ethnic dance club will meet at 8 pm CC 110. This week Chinese fold dancing. Duplicate bridge. Open pairs. No experience necessary. Partnerships can be arranged. All bridge players welcome. 7 pm in 3rd floor Math Lounge. Student wives club meeting at 8 pm in Eng. 4 room 4362. Topic is aspects of ESP. F. Greene film on “One Man’s China” parts 5 & 6. 12:30 pm. AL 116. Free. C. Hinton speaks on “Student 81 Factory Life in China” 8 pm. EL 101. Museum of Games & Archives MC 6032 l-4 pm. lrland and Raphael exhibition at Theatre of the Arts. 9-4 pm. Waterloo Christian Fellowship Dessert Meeting with Bernie Warren on “Brotherhood of Man”. CC 113 at. 5:30 pm. “One Man’s China” part 7 and,films on Acupuncture. 12:30 pm. AL 116 Free Admission. Movie: “The Red Detachment of Women” MC 2065. 8 pm. Free. Friday lrland
Labatt’s Blue smiles along with YOU
and Raphael exhibition in Theatre of the Arts. 9-4 pm. Federation Flicks: “The Great Gatsby” with Robert Redford and Mia Farrow. 8 pm in AL 116. Fed members $1. NonFeds $1.50. Paul Lin speaks on “Values in Contempory China” 8 pm. MC 2065.
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What makes-Bill Thomson’s career as a city planner so supported a full ring road. They claimed the origltl ring road ‘has been perverted into a $22-million expressway intriguing’and worth examining in detail is his embodiment of active, dynamic service for city government and the r connecting provincial highways passing through the area.’ interests which control city government. Many other CanaThomson countered strongly in defence of the half ring, road by discrediting the board. He said the board had done dian planners suffer from-self doubts aboutwhat-characterizes the public interest, what are the best policies for the nothing for fourteen years. ‘We have moved from the horse city, and what power planners should have. Not Bill Thorn’’ and buggy to the motor age in that 14 years. If we build it the way it was planned, we’d have a hell of a mess.’ Kitchenlet son. He exaggerates the ideal qualities of the city planner in -and Waterloo Councils approved the new road as Thoma dynamic style. So the man himself, and the things he has done,‘ say a lot about what underlies city planning in son negotiated it. _ / The matter of meeting provincial standards turned a Canada. , Thomson’s self-&rance is stunning: proposed 120-foot wide ring road into a major four-lane divided freeway several hundred feet wide with gigantic , $itting around.discussing! ‘Who .am I?‘, “What ‘do I &?’ interchanges. By 1966 it was thought that final costs would : What is planning and planners?’ thrills me about as mu& -be $38-million. Concerned citizens began questioning the k as snifing the aroma ofAndy Campbell’s special ‘seegars’ (a rising costs. Thomson rebuked them harshly. For example _ reference to a former president of the Canadian planners’ Dr. Diem, a geography professor and former Planning associati&)~Ihappen~to know who.Iam, what Ido, what my Board member criticized the rising costs and the failure to profession expects from me, what planning is, and I’m not \ .integrate the freeway into a total\ transportation system,. interested in your belly button. . 1 Thomson publicly replied, ‘You shame me, Mr. Diem, by This was Thomson’s comment,. after a year in officea as *your intellectual ignorance. Instead of ‘emulating a few of president of the planners’ organization, the Canadian Instiyour fellow lecturers, I suggest you defve into your subject tute of Planners, and at a time when a small Qgroup of more deeply, especially ‘one. which is so foreign- to your members were raising questions about the profession’s intellect, before running off at,the quill.’ = role in Canada. Its style is typical .of the man. Y ’ Criticism continued as did the rising costs ThH final bill j Thomson graduated from the University of Toronto’s was $54-million for half a ring road which now ends in a planning school in the 1950s. He spent some time working two-lane road to the villages of St. ,Jacobs and Elmira.. in Ha. ilton’s planning department and arrived in Kitchener _Thomson, however, had the final say. In his annual report. in196 2 as the city’s first Director of Planning. Comments . ,to city council in 1967he said: 9 ..one of the, members of the planning board that hired ThomThe Expressway’ is also part of our overall planning in this. son, ‘He brought-planning to Kitchener.’ In 1973, Thomson -city-not foreign to it as many people throughout the area became the Commissioner of Plan ingand Development ’ seem to believe.,,It always seems strange to me how there are . for the new Waterloo regional gove c nment which includes always so many experts in the field once,a project is apthe cities of Kitchener, Waterloo and’ Cambridge. proved and underway. Where are these nimble witted exThe Kitchener-Waterloo area is 65 miles west of Toperts when the public meetings are held and where are they ronto. It has a rapidly growing diversified industrial base when we are seeking even further. help? Hiding behind fake which combinessubstantial locally-owned industries (Elecnames on the letters to the editorial page certa~inly o#ers trohome, Greb Shoes) with branch-plant factories of major . ’ little help to the city. U.S. corporations (Uniroyal, B.F. Goodrich). There are also two universities (Waterloo and Wiifrid Laurie&) and a comThomson may also add further to this subject. In 1971 he’ ,_ announced he would write a book merely called ‘Expressmunity college (Conestoga) which were all set up in the 4 , sixties.. The population of Kitchener went from ,43,000 in way’, He sai‘d it would reveal the full story about the behind 1950. to 107,590 in 1970. * the scenes work: Xhe public relations, fairness to. theproperty owners; the battling of wits to keepthe Twin Cities and , Bill- Thomson arrived on the scene in the m/dst of rapid . their residents first onthe list, the astute negotiations for growth. His term as Planning Director for Kitchener, bet.-
land, the discussion
ween 1962 and 1972, was dominated by three major planningprojects: a freeway, a civic centre and an urban re-
planning and politics and
newat program. Thomson stimulated action on all three; the duration of each filled most of his eleven/years‘ in
‘photo courtesy <
of the K-W Fk?e Press
the city purchase prices down. The following day he made his first official contact with area residents sending a letter which gave them ten days to comment on the zoning freeze. Cnfy five responses were received from the 61 owners. : Both the land purchases without a plebiscite’ and the zoning freeze reqfuied approval by the Ontario Municipal ’ Board. The Board considered these matters at hearings in the fall of 1964. At the hearings, theCity claimed it had done exhaustive studies and had involved citizens. ThereT fore, no plebiscite was necessary and approval should be given. Princ;ipal opposition came from the Kitchene’r Taxpayers Association. Their legal counsel argued’ for a plebiscite because the Planning Qepartment’s report was incomplete and mere ‘window dressing’, because council had never approved the scheme, and because the zoning freeze. was causing an economic hardship for owners. In ‘1964, the OMB decided ‘in favour of the city . December stating that the proposed civic centre was: a SC~UYE which has hada lot ofstudy by the planning board and council as wellas by groups ofinterested citizens; it has been well publicized, discussed at public meetings and there /would appear to be no doubt that it has general support. -a : .“The OMB d&o pIticed a one-year limit on the zoning freeze.. ’ Slowly the city began purchasing0 properties and razing them. Extensions of thezoning freeze were requested by the city for the next six years all of which were granted by
the Ontario’ Municipal Board. ,In 1971 the Board decreed Selling a-civic centre , ’ ’ ‘- that the city must complete their land purchases during the Kitchener;‘ Thomson’s planning style,’ as it emerges Sporadic proposals for a KAchener civic centre date back next three years. Altogether residents of the future civic through these-projectssets the stage for the second period d to 1912. A draft plan was proposed by the Mayor in 1956 centre site had to endure a decade of the zoning freeze:> . of his career. His recent work as chief planner for the ” while being subjected to pressures to compuisory sale of and was rejected by an eight,to two vote by council: Fiom Waterloo Region -(1973 to the <present) has been domi1956 the Chamber of Commerce again pushed. for a civic their homes. Today mostof the site’stands vacant. nated by the‘,creationof a regional plan, hopefully the - centre which resulted in a 1961 Civic Centre Committee’to‘, In short, Thomson’s civic centre strategy created false second regional plan in Ontario. Since this plan-represents .’ study the matter. Membership of the CCC was from the , public support by co-opting beneficiarjes, overriding Thomson’s most important work, and since it has been his Chamber, city staff and aldermen. 1 neighbourhood interests and using blockbusting tactics to \ ‘~ first priority over the past two years, it serves as an imporachieve ownership at low cost without expropriation. Public I In August of 1962, Thomson criticized the CCC for lackof. tant example.of professional planning expertise. Altogether . -bl.ockbusting,X as used by Thomson, stands as a new -form activity and an absence of co-ordination. He followed this the record of Bill Thomson’s work describes the style and I, with the public release of a report directed at the CCC of urban renewal. . , \~ expertise of a successful and dynamic Canadian planner. suggesting a number of civic centre alternatives. His public -, ‘&ssical urban renewal charges caused theCCC to becomeactive and catapulted .\; him to the position of Secretary of the CCC and onto a new The third, and major, project of Thomson’s -Kitchen& &?eviay to nowbem ‘.‘tenure’wa# an urban renewal schemethat he-initiated in. In 1949, the Kitchener, Waterloo and&&urban Planning From this moment on Thomson de, steering committee. signed the civic centre strategy. 1962 and pursued for the next tea years. In a now familiar Board adopted a ring road plan as submitted by a consulstyle, he provokedthe community to acti,@ by ‘shooting tant. The ring @ad would encircle the cities; providing a In 1963 he engineered the creation of two additional from the %p as the #M+zener- Waterloo. Record, the local bypass route for all approaches and would drain traffic . committees to assist the Civic Centre Committee. The first away from busy downtown streets: Throughout the 1.950s newspaper, termed it. Addressingthe Kitctieher-Waterloo ’ was an advisory committee-composed of potential‘ future ’ Kiw&n&‘in July of 1962, Thomson !delivei;ed I a scathing the Board keptthe ring/road idea alive, and in 1961 a joint ’ users or generaJ beneficiaries. It included local branches of -attack on downtown merchants. He characterized downKitchener and Waterloo- committee of aldermen sought ) the Canadian Opera Guild, Little Theatre, Art Gallery)’ Red Cross, Jaycette Club, Public Library Board, Children’s Aid . : I town Kitchener as “a ,long, linear facade Of buildings that provincial aid for the scheme. Provincial ’commitment was _ remindme @ a skid row in Chicago’ and the @ores as ‘one _ not forthcoming. ‘Society and others. The second was ,a committee of arstorey high with the rest filred ‘with junk/ used as“ Shortly after his arrival, Thomsoncriticized the communchitects which was formed through quiet, informat- talks dirty cramped offices or filled with families ity for inaction,on the ring road whichled to his appointment -over several months between Thomson and local ar- . . warehouses, living almost‘in squalor.%gain the community w>as off and chiiect$Eight architects finally formed the committee and . to a three-man committee of experts composed of the city engineer, traffic director and himself. This. committee of’ running to Thomson% tune. later they received a contract to prepare the civic centre ‘* . s Urban. renewal, for Thomson, was -a%oi to provide experts began negotiations with provincial btireaucrats ’ -’ “.plan. ’ Through a coalition of four groups, the Civic Centre cheap land for the developers. Re rationalized urban re- \ and in June of 1963 the province agreed to pay 75 per cent ’ Committee, the advisory, committee of beneficiaries, the of the costs subject to the< road being built to provincial ; newal as foltows: standards. A larger committee of, experts to work out the ’ - committee of architects,.and the Planning Board, all guided If (a developer) went out to buy land on the market, he’d details of the-ring road was then established. It included by Thomson, a civic centre site was selected and a concep- have-to buy the land, the-building that sits on the land; he,:d representatives ,frorh the Dep.artment of Highways, tuat plan was prepared. In Pebruary of 1964, without con-, > h<e lo buy- the business the man has. . . he has to buy what Kitchener’s
and Thomson. About one year later a plan emerged which. . , abandoned the ring road idea in favour of a road half way’ around
the cost at -$22-millionIin
contrast to the original estimate of $6million. Opposition immediately arose from the Kitchener, Waterloo and Suburban ,Planning Board which had long \
‘for the necessary the civic centre,
city council include
courthouse; police station,
and an auditorium. One week later Thomson secured approval from the Planning Board for an amendment to the zoning by-law freezing existing, land use on the site to keep ..’ .
’ the business is worth, and, if there is a tenun t in the building that has, say, a ten~year lease, ‘the-developer has ta buy him *out-which amour&s : to a tremen&us amount of money. - . . - NOW th& is on< of the re&on.s why&&is urban renewal: so j the federal,. provincial andMmi&pal government3 can go . ,out and buy buildings and leases and businesses’an~d rip ‘em continued on ,page 12 *-‘<--*, ; _ “.-,_ .,L,. ,
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. Kitchener-Waterloo local government. And he has a .ning under a one-tier gov .history of close association uirith the Saturday Mom_ and Jack Young have Ic - ing Club. During the controversy over the demolition co-ordinator Jim Darrah of the-Kitchener market, for .instance, a second ieshould be fired if he contir Mrs. ‘ihorsen has also b = searcher repor$ that-regular Saturday Morning Club meetings were held and Thomson attended at le’asr one-tier attitude. Thornsol some. No doubt contacts of this kind have helped criticisms in a 16-page re Thomson to prote-ct the interests of the local elite in - ior@ planning staff are nc -involved in the continuing t& marIy._cotitroversial planning policies he has - been involved in: - from Mr. Darrah and nsw 1 -_ -* j in the Record, these WOP On to the reg-mn -ture, weak, silly and ab: Bill 167 created ihe new Regional Mun%ipality of however, are’not limited tc Waterloo and Cam- -- meeting,subsequentto _ Waterloo including Kitchqr, bridge. Jack Young, a former Kitchen& alderman ’ ironically greeted Mrs. The .tind PC-candid&e and co-negotiator of the Oxlea mouth from the.south.L deal with Thomson; was appointed as the f@t rgional chairman as had been rumoured’for some time.’ r The first regional plal Young wanted Thomson as his regional planner; , choose one 0f one .- Thorns& wanted more power, and’a?y both got Provincial legislation E their wai. Thomson did not get the regional jlo’b withRegion requires a _dr&--out-adopting tactics to overcome fears created by his dember 31, 1975. Tham: c style in Kitchener. For the 18 month period prior- to done as quickly as pas the establishment of the neti region, Thomson Fid superior planning ability. his ‘pop-&f’ attitude. To imprdve his image he sud- -‘_ In the-first attempt at a , denly manged from WE. Thomson to ‘Bill’ Thomson_ ‘Vague and IooselyAphrasc gd from these were deriv and pbssible policies. T.hg were oresented -- _..- -- labellec -.-- Critics-Of planning in the Professional n$!Wslett= ir&& -decentralized I b&ths. The: beginn‘ing of the end for this committee Sever&l times I have started to reply to the corntints wasseen when &nwcracy reigned supreme-and the growth:These were press -people tif the City of Kitche&r again voted for the - of a number of our members across Car&z&, espe12-page tabloid newspaF cially those that have academic leanin& rather than were asked to rate the fo /. whole urban renewal pbn. As the committee dwinthe practical, and who apparently fi?el that participatdied, they &ll took a few kicks at the cqt, but were , given criteria. or-y &mocr%cy andpub12 part&ipation is the end to - spankedpolitely by the powers to be. . . It does seem a At the- public meet@ shame and it i& a disappointment to the planning ., endall. It is these people who & not kn&w what citizerr Galized’thatme four alten part&ipatioh ti all about for they speak front the director that the leader of t&is ill-fated group (referdifferent ver@ons of- plar protection of the typical ivory fewer insteapof act& ence to Alderman3 Morley Rosenberg) then, thwarted _ same. private developme v by the people and theplak’prepared by thepeopl2for experiewe. ’_ Water@ has experienced the peoph can only holler ‘How much are they praying . Then at th& national tihference he made the unpre- _ and more. 1 you?’ . cedented move isf challenging the appointment of X-Twenty-six public n&eti , the president-elect as the next president. Wiih the and November of 1’973 to v , ’ ‘Style of public service- I ~ ~ help of friends, he -fqrc$ an e&ion and-won. dominantresponseat all r -Thomson% style of-public service is characterized _-Once appoiiited- fd RegiQnai-~-commissioner of-z&o .or ..slow 1growth q \. by a thirst for prowar an@ a-cate@g lo an elite power Planning and D&@idpnient’-iri Jdriuav df, I@735 . -Taylor, gerie@ m&ii&@ group. In all three projects, the freeway&& centre Thomson began to establish him”setf as ‘@;innerIengecLthe planners at se and urban renewal, he attacked existing authorities - king” over his forin& peeis; He 1initiated ’ monthly j whether the mgiqn -had I for inaction in-order to place himself in a key positioin. meetitigs for the chief planners of Kitchener, Wat;eiThomson’s resmse waz Then he tqok control of -the project, attacking-opp. loo arid Cambridge. Cambridge pl@ning dire&or, ’ him: flippantly~+o ‘hang ir nents by ridiculing them in order to avoid the issue at meetingS; and.helater sai Sally ihorsen, * _. tired / Kitchen&planning cornhisL-A--I .. . -.- - :i * sloner, Sam Kllapman, have ci alled these ‘sho%~ and ‘are really just talkLhg thrc Thomson kww$ what is best for US and h&arries _ c tell exercises’ and- I‘tAnn~A+ kI Eaw IGI +pilrelatiori&hips.’ In LKitcwner a@ermair M Aftei the plan was approved by Kitc$etierCotinc# it through. He is very clear about his elite concept of, -cwtdG ant kc 1,hn wnrn nlanihk-dtifklnTtmmha Y.- =w--r m.,w.-L. . ,.U 1federal and- p_rotlincial a&stance vt#L Sougtit for , Laddition, - ---y Thomson _-St,, ILsau L” CI”, cw I. IIV .-I” p-m. leacfership: . . I preparation - of a- -detailed renewal schsme copring _ - _ __ -_ - -_ -.- _ .. Th& is the age of citizen particitn&on;-‘or so we huve 4!%acres. In 1968, while these further studies were heard. But,iea&, what have the citizens of this city a freezejon urban renewal funds was set - underway, got to c&b abut? Most of them are spoiled. They . me ..J’r reaeral . . govemmenr. . oy, -&nV know what &lution &all about. They &.xGt Prior chair_- to the freeze,. however, W&t !r Bean, know w&t .the-wifd slum reallymearts. They don’t L. man of Jhe Urban Renewal Committee+ :p.mpo$ed - knoWiwhat~ti~&allabout.Andifourcounc~lkeeps~ ’ OHea_ Inveseents -to Thomson as a prospect@. -mvjngaheadas they havein the past, the citizens will*I develi wr, and a URCsubc~mmittee Comp@sed.of remain* stwilt?d. and whv, shouldn’t we be spoiled. Jack Young, a former alderman and PC federalcan-. : only&es his stylereject real citizen participation didate, James. Darrah, Kitchener City Coordinator, _ -. Not but i1 also reject3 all but th& interests of. the ,elite and Thomson started working out th&deta# c>f the elements in Kitcheiier-Waterloo. deal wiw Oxlea. During this perm, 197071971, the ’ - . KitZhener-yaterloo hw a particularly strong busi; ieal estate di@ionof Canada Trust obtained options : fiess and industrial elite’which fe-els a concern and to buy propeity for Oxleb. At. the time Bean was responsibility for local political tiffqirs. This has led-to deputy --chairman and vice-president of Canada ‘. the formattin of, an infbrmal group which calls @elf Trust. The m@ia; well aware of the renewal deal the S&rday,-Morning Club. The group apparently , &ratively withheld the-hews from the public does hot function continuously but gejs‘. together , while the wtions were being taken’ (the%itchener~ whenever its members feel they have a problem or Waterloo Recocd instructed its writers tb igrIore this there is a need for &tioh. Theclub, according to q”e matter.) researched, was founded in the mid-fifties and was - The ‘Oxlea deal’, in which Thorns& was a princiconcerned with @ty politic_s: ’ ’ pal negotiator, stiows how p@nners and pia-hing- ’ primarily - * A -* . .I .. . a. In the course oJpr;arSing the quality and integrrty of a 1 I!!echa%sms serve development inter& In the number of the+nembers of the Planning Board and ; -corporate web diagram, it. qan <be’ seen how the I city council, o&z respondent boasted that this was not Urban Renewal- Committee had substantial rep‘simply due to >hance. When asked to elaborate he resentation from, Canada Trust which in turn Controlexplained that in the mid-fifiies,he’and twenty-one led @lea Invesments which got the urban &flew& -i , . - othek ‘in&strial&s, executives, and professionab’ geal, hadorganized what was to be known aS the ‘Saturday j _ Kitchener City Council was present&l with the re. Morning%lub’-. newal deal iri two caucus meetiirgs, Mgy 31 and June 21, 1971 i the media attended’ but still maintained -The club looked fdr likely candidates willing-to run for .municipal tiff ice, and then provided campaign funds. their conspiracy of silence. The Oxlea deal was. to trade away Kitchenei’s city hall and the traditional On one occasion, when a downtown parking ban for Farmers’ Market in retui;n for a new department store ’ both Kitchener and Waterrciri, was gaining favouramongst incumbent-aldermen, -the Saturdgy: Mom(Eaton’s), an&f ice tower which would house the-city staff, lease -back .of a parking garage and ing Club responded to the occasion by getting eight new local aldermen who were opposed to the ban $1,000,000. (An estimate of the redevelopment elected. For the 1974 Kitchener civic election, the -value of the city hall site alone wai $3.9-tiillion.) A special council meeting to approve the deal,in public -- Saturday Morning Club is rumoured to,have rue two candidates for seats which had become vacant. was set for June 28th. of the ’ On the f rida before this meeting, the Universie qb 1 = There has never been any publicdi&cussbn Sattirday Mdming Club’s exisience in Kitchener-Waterloo student newspaper, the ChevTn, broke Waterloo media. Most cif$@esidents, and some of the ’ ’ the story‘whichthe other media had held back for at candidates it has run for office, ,are unaway of its least five months. Boiste,mus opposition feted city ’ .existenc& But it has played;an effective role in ensurcouncil_on the 28th, b@ they,approved the de& anying. that-the towns are run a& the local business and wa)c. ~Oppositio~ to the_.renewal continued and citi-, industrial establishments, want them. zens obtained a ruling -from the Ontario- Municipal .-Bill Thomson is of course a key figure i,ri Board to hold a plebiscite-on the scheme. Assisted I 2 -
’ friday, ,
. -Z -_ ‘i I‘---all &wn and then put a value on the land-which is a - by media falsificatjon, (for example, theRecord tirote- lot less than all t’e other -stuf&put that ‘on the its own letters to the e&or and- forced its writers to mqrket, and sell it to a developer. The devekiper will rewrite material to favour the scheme;) a plebiscite come in under those conditions. -, \ - vote of about 35 per cent turnout favoured the-renewal by. 15,689 to .l 1,5i33ctes. QMB chairman Th& unfolding of Ihe urban rel’lewal Siory in Kitchener Kennedy indicated that according to theJules of the over the past few years demonstrates well how OMB he would not have app&ed the scheme, but-‘ Thomson u-d urban renewal to zaid the de&lophe -must do ‘so because of the plebiscite otitcome. men! industry. Since this story is told in a rec*nt book Today, the Oxlea urban renewal scheme is a realby Jack Pastemak, Rot and Ren&wal. theUn&ing of ity in Kitchener. Thomson predicted that ‘the critics b City, only a- brief chronology of events will be prewill & lo@ in the-ring of cash registers an@ new sented here. Following Thqmson’s initiative in 1962, buildings.’ While the scheme has been an unbelieva ‘48-member_ Urban Renewal Cotimittee has able financial success, the new tnarket has turned . formed in 1963. Although referred to’as a ‘citizen’s committee’ by Thomson, all but three academics and_into a tourist trap causing most locals to search for other markets:-outside of .-town. Many residents of one cleric were downtown machants and investors. Kitchener are now extremely upset by the artificial ‘from 1963 to 1~965Thomson’s staff and consultants atmosphere of downtown Kitchconc&cted studies. The first study was an economic . and’ commercial ener. As a planning’case, Fach further documentastudy of downtown paid for half by thecity and half by tion identifies this action for the’disaster it is. RegaidWaterloo Trust (owned by Canada Trust) and .tl% ’ Kitchener- Waterloo Record. In lg65 Thomson prop- +- --less, Thomson has given ys his verdict in his 1971 annual report to city council; a verdict which reveals -bsed‘ an .urtiaii -renewal plan for downtown redehis tactic-f discrediting citizen participation as ati velopment- to attain ,‘a core of concentrated retail activity cdnducted by misfits and uses, including amusements, surrounded by tall of- , -anti-democratic-
-, lment, an idea both he 1 supported. Kitchener 3s said that Thbmson !s to act in this way and 7 critical, of Thomson’s las responded to these t-t which says ‘the reginterested in becoming Jerile, chimerical drivel ;. Thorsen.’ As reported mean ‘juvenile, immad.’ Thomson’s insults, lritt& reports. At a staff ! above exchange, he en with ‘well if it isn’t the
3blishing the Waterloo #onal plan before DeI wants to get his plan le to demonstrate his ional plan, a number of ‘goals’ were identified, a long list of ‘objectives’ ‘our alternative patterns satellite growth, linear bwth, and centralized ?d to the community in a style plan, and citizens Datterns on the basis of many local residents ves offered were simply or rapid growth by the srocess that Kitchener/er the last two decades s vvere called in October cuss the proposals. The stings w.as a desire for a n. For example, John If Edgar Motors, chalSalmeetings, to indicate ehed an optimum size. ridicule Taylor advising lere’ for the rest of the lese slow growth people jh their hats. ?y Rosenberg auacked Iready made up his mind
about major growth policies for the region, and has no real intention of listening to what people want.’ Although Thomson goes through the motions of citizen participation, as he himself says, citizens can have their say but the planners make all the final decisions. In the end, the planner must pi&e the alternatives of the future, the locations, the involvement of the public and private sector and the types of industries before the region. Right qt the end he is charged with the responsibility of recommending one of the various choices for action. If all the work has been done correctly, then the proper choice between job opportunitiqs, versus good farmland will be made; the right alternatives for use and star&r& will be articulated, the best role for the region to play in industrial development made. Having failed to bamboozle or stifle all citizen opposition in the first stage of developing the regional plan, Thomson was forced to alter his strategy somewhat. Instead of proceeding immediately to produce a detailed plan for adoption, he had policy papers prepared for further public discussion on regional planning issues.
The Secobd round: wear the people down
Public rejection of the growth plans set Thomson and his staff on a different approach in-1974. Between January and- September seven long policy papers were issued dealing with growth, settlement patterns, economic developmbnt, housing, sand and gravel pits, open space, and transportation. These policy papers provided more background and justification for the same approach to regional planning’ that had been reflected in the four-alternatives plan. In the paper on growth, for instance, the recommended policy was that growth in the region should continue at exactly ttie same rate as-it has occurred in the past. A cursory examination of a slower-growth policy led to dismissing that possibility by claiming that it would require tight controls on all movements of people from city to city, and state-imposed birth controls. Interestingly enough, these cheap-shot arguments are also used by development industry spokesmen in responding to critics calling for controls on growth. And it is as@nishing that the growth policy paper makes no reference to the issue of water supply which is, in the Kitchener-Waterloo situation, a crucial determinant of how much urban growth can take place in the region. A $98-million ,water pipeline to the area from Lake Erie is already under study by the provincial government, and if built
would allow a doubling in population. The justification for the pipeline is that the growth is going to occur, but of course, any rational consideration of growth policy for Kitchener-Waterloo would involve taking account of the costs and benefits of this expensive project. The policy paper on housing said that the region’s housing problems stem rfrom the ‘imbalance between shelter cost anddisposable income’, i.e., from the fact that people don’t have enough money. The report goes on to propose no less than 75 different policies to deal with housing problems, and the sheer quantity is perhaps expected to give the impression that so many solutions are bound to solve one big problem. But the solutions add up to exactly the approach Thomson would be expected to take: more of the same, continued control of-the supply of housing by developers, and in Kitchener-Waterloo this means a small number of very big developers who together control the supply of new land. Nowhere are policies identified which could have a dramatic impact on housing problems. An ordinary reader would be left with the conclusion that there are no alternatives. to present housing policies. Predictably, public attendance at meetings called to discuss these papers waned. For one pqper sixteen meetings were hel$i with an attendance ranging from zero to six. Altogether only a few hundred citizens participated. Simultaneously the development industry spent less energy in presenting its case. For the first policy paper, the developers submitted 628 written comments, almost ten times the quantity submitted by individuals and other groups. The numb? quickly dwindled. -While the public meetings were being held, Thomson’s staff was busily drafting the final version of the proposed plan. On October 21, one month and three days after the last public meeting, a 50,000-word draft regional plan was published, and Thomson set November 28th for final approval by regional council. Again the plan was printed in tabloid form. In an almost incomprehensible planners’. language, 347 policies were presented for adoption. Examined carefully, the plan proved faithful to Thomson’s original commitment to continued rapid growth but this time hidden behind a mask of slow growth. The plan explicitly proposes that growth continue at the present rate for the next seven years after which growth should be slowehdown: ‘encourage through the use of policies in this plan a decline of the population rate from 3.4 per cent per annum to 2.5 per cent after 1981 and 2.2 per cent per annum by 1991.’ Other policies in the plan, however, indicate that no growth control is intended. Housing targets are to be set a’nd the region will have many powers to ensure they are met. And the Lake Erie water pipeline is proposed for construction in fifteen years which would bring an explosion in growth. Part of Thomson’s strategy in writing this regional plan is to disguise the real intent of the plan through a smoke-screen of motherhood policies. ‘Of the 347 policies 125 have ‘recognize’, ‘encourage’, or ‘consider’ as the key word. Some examples of these vague policies which have questionable power within this legal document are: .-. -recognize the urban core of the ci!ies, towns and villages as regionally significant -recognize that adequate facilities and services are required to accommodate offenders of all age groups and of Wying range of offences and to provide for’ the rehabilitation of offenders -recognize the impoitance of horse-drawn vehicle traffic along regional roads (There is considerable Mennonite settlement in the region.) Another strategy of the regional plan is to defer basic studies which should be in the plan of the future. Eighty-seven such policies identify studies the region will complete including such basic matters as housing, transportation, water resources and health services. Also many of these policies imply a commitment to a vague future without any indicaiion of what this might be. For example, ‘support the immediate commencement of a total transportation planning policy for regional transportation systems that can be complementary to the private vehicle and compatible with the social and economic needs of the people.’ What can this mean? The dominant strategy of the iegidnal plan however, is the use of the plan as a vehicle for centralized power in the regional government and in Thomson’s department. Key to achieving this is the provision that the regional plan pre-empt all local plans, and that all local land use decisions on everything except the smallest matters must conform to the regional plan. What the plan calls ‘the establishmeqt of a new settlement’, for example, must coriform to regional planning and be approved by the region+ council, and this turns out to mean any development of three houses within 1000 feet of each other. The same control applies to what the plan calls ‘the expansion of an existing settlement’, which might well mean the
addition of a single house to any existing group of three or more houses in the region, wherever located. In addition to this dominance, the region will have power to require local municipalities to implement the growth poliaes included in the plan, establish maintenance and occupancy by-laws, prepare secondary plans, and handle citizen participation for the region. As well new control mechanisms are proposed in a regional housing authority, a transit co-ordination structure, and a health and social planning council. In many instances, the power which the plan confers on the regional government is open-ended, and hence more difficult to criticize or attack since no specific proposal is made. For instance the plan gives the region the power to implement an interim regional housing polic)i which establishes regional housing targets, and to enter into agreehents with developers to fulfill these targets. Yet what these targets will be and how they will be allocated is not known, so it is impossible to criticize this proposal on the grounds tfiat it is being used unwisely. Included in the many powers’ conferred on the regional government is the power,to approve all public works by every local government in the region, the ower to approve all site plans, the power to estabPish standards for zoning and subdivision plans of local municipalities, control over the federal government’s Neighbourhood Irhprovement Program, the power to co-ordinate transportation and to designate regional roads. The regional government is given land-use control within 140 feet of all regional roads, which means regional control of downtown Ki!chener, Waterloo and Cambridge.
Hi theve! ow ktha!k
L After 23 pages of solid type and maps, this diagram was used by Waterloo regional planners to promote citizen interest and involvement in regional planning decision-making. The cartoon figure, incorporating the region’s logo based on a Wand a maple leaf, is the closest thing to a human figure which appears in the tabloid newspaper containing the second and final draft of the plan which was circulated to every household by the regional government.
Thomson’s overt style allows us to obtain a clear picture of city planning. It is an activity obsessed with power to the extent of creating long-range plans, not intende(l to be amended for the next 25 years according to Thomson’s desire. It is an activity which promotes the centraliztition of powers as in the ctinstitution for one-tier government hidden in the draft regional plan and in the concentration of power with planners. It is bent on serving business and the development industry in the promotion of growth. And, finally, it promotes optimum public confusion toavoid citizen participation. Bill Thomson has no doubts about these matters. That is what makes him an ideal planner for the local business elite. Whether he is ideal for the ordinary citizen of the Waterloo Region, however, is entirely another matter. In total, Thomson’s regional plan allows him to do just as he pleases. One senior planner close to the scene says, ‘Thomsbn’s strategy is to require everyone to have to ask him before they can move a muscle,’ If the plan is adopted, many people will be +king for Thomson’s permission, for matters they know not why, for a long time. He has deliberately -d&signed the plan so that once approved it will not require amendment for 25 years. Thomson, or his successor, will thus have in the regional plan a long term constituti6n for planner power. How will this power be Lssed? ‘Ihis article is reprinted from City Magazine.
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2655 Jan. 20-Gladys Luxat on Women and Employment ‘Jan. 27-Dr. Margaret Anderson on Women’s Images in Litera-
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Sessions will be every Monday, from 2-4 pm at the Cambridge (Galt) YWCA at 40 Thorne St. Baby-sitting available. A fee of $12 for the eight sessions is being charged or $I-..56 per session. Register now at the YWCA in Cambridge 621-5300.
DO YOU HAVE A CAR OR NEED A RIDE? The Board of Education & External Relations (Fed. of Stud.) are trying to organize a carpool-phone 8850370, and ask for Shane, Franz, or Helga. ad sponsored
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LA BOHEME( in English) with Orchestra Humanities Theatre
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TUES. JAN. 28.12:30
Nominations open Jan. 14-20. Elections on Jan. 23. Information available at The Arts SOCiety office H.H. 369, ext 2322 or 745-9067 Bruce Rorrison Chief Returning Officer
Alfred Kunz-Music Director Mozart Clarinet Concerto-Bruce EbanksClarinet Solo Mozart: Benedictus Sit Deus-Chamber Choir Symphony No. 20 in DLittle Symphony ‘Orchestra . Theatre of the Arts Admission $1.25, students .75 cents Central Box Office Ext. 2126 Creative Arts Board, Federation of Students
SAT. JAN. 25-8 p.m. ,-.
positions available: Languages
JAN. 17 & 18-8 p.m.
Stratford Festival Ensemble presents
BEETHOVEN SEPTET (Noon hour inusic) “The music for this occasion is provided-by a grant from the Music Performance Trust Funds, with the cooperation of local 226 Central Ontario Musicians’ Association.” Theatre of the Arts / Free Admission Creative Arts Board, Federation of Students
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Contact Kathy Reynold Chairperson Board of Cbmmunications on Tuesdays T-10 pm only starting Jan. 22nd. ’
Come to the Federation offke, Campus Centre or ‘phone ext. 2358.
Roast beef dinner or rib dinner $2.00-anytime casual clothes, but no jeans please! at the Grand Hotel KITCHENER
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Intramurals Weight Training An Intramural weight training program is now available in the Intramural Office, 2040 PAC. Orientation sessions to the weight room will be held in the weight room on Monday, January 20, 1975, Wednesday, January 22 and Friday, January 24, at 1:00 p.m. in the weight room, 2021 PAC. Both males and females welcome.
Basketball Officials Referees are still needed to help in officiating in the Intramural Bas-
ketball. League Officials will be paid $3.00 per game. If you are interested in learning the fine points of the gameof basketball, and eaming some,spare money in the meantime, contact the Intramural Office for information.
Mixed Doubles Badmintoi Monday is the final entry date for the Intramural Mixed Doubles Badminton tournament which takes place Tuesday night at 7:00 p.m. in the gym. Entries can be submitted to the Intramural Office; room 2040 in the PAC.
Today is also the final entry day for recreational ball hockey, co-ed inner-tube waterpolo, indoor soccer and co-ed volleyball. Check the blue Intramural News sheet for organizational meeting times. These sheets are available in the PAC,
Snooker Monday, January 27 is the entry deadline for the annual snooker tournament. The tournament will be held Wednesday, January 29 at ,630 p.m. at Brunswick Lanes in Waterloo Square shopping mall. Top prize is a dinner for two at the -Ali Baba Steak House.
Kinder Swim and Gym Register this week for the Kinder Swim and Gym program which starts Thursday, January 23. Give
your child the fun and pleasure he craves and needs. Inquire at the receptionist in the PAC.
U of W Bowling Club
This club meets every Sunday from 8:30-lo:30 at Waterloo Bowling Lanes. Experience not at all necessary. Cost is $1.00 for 3 games and shoes. There are two tournaments, one The Athena curling team of skip for all students at U of W and one Pat Munroe (3 year Math), Gayle invitational. There will be a party. Bower (3 year Psychology), Dayle for all club members later in the Bower (2 year Geology) and- Patti term. Membership cards cost Turner (2nd year Kinesiology) had $2.00. This Sunday, January 19, a perfect game record of 3 out of 3. the bowling is free for club memThe K-W Granite Bonspiel had the ‘bergs. Come out, enjoy yourself and Athenas against - a weak Toronto meet new friends from other facul- * area club. The Athenas had a slow ties. start and curled a low percentage but managed to win 6-4. Monday and Tuesday nights, the The second game against a good gym was the site of the Men’s and St. Thomas rink was well curled by Women’s Doubles Badminton the Athenas . Skip Pat Munroe skillTournament. fully put- together a 4 ender in the The championship rounds were 4th end and still had to make a triple played Tuesday night. take-out in the eighth end to be a In the Women’s championship winner. The final score was 7-3. round, Julia Seed paired with Ann The third and final game saw the Hudson, were matched against C. Athenas defeat an East York rink Miller and J. Howell. Seed and 5-4. It was a tremendous game with Hudson defeated their opponents all four women playing equally as 15-7, 15-5 to take the championship well as their opponents. Skip Pat title. The consolation championMunroe quarterbacked one of the ship was taken by Liz Gobbot and best games of her intercollegiate Trisare Frid (N.D.) by defeating experience. By the third end the Maggie Hart and her partner Mary Athenas had chased the other team Fought (St. Jeromes). The scores out of its game plan and had forced were 15-10, 12-15, 15-10. a few mistakes. The game went to Wayne Sass and his partner wire and last rock. Keith McGregor (reg. Math) de- F Good front end support by Dayle feated their opponents Bob MartinBower and Patti Turner steadied son and Gill Demers (Lower Enthe team and made shot making a gineering) to capture the Men’s little easier. Gayle Bower was conChampionship. The scores for this sistently accurate at her take outs match, which was probably> the and draws. best of the night, were 15-9, 15-11. The Athenas travel to Toronto The consolation championship January 18th for another prewas won by Naeem and Arie intercollegiate bonspiel. The first (Upper Engineering). They deOWIAA event will be a two day feated Milne and Dumontel (St. . bonspiel at the Glenbriar here in Jeromes) with scores 15-2, 15-4. Waterloo.
Do You Know Any Outstanding Teachers???
If you would like to represent your faculty on the Campus Center board, nominations are due by,Jain. 22. Elected will be one undergrad from. each faculty plus one grad, two faculty members and one staff member.
Each year the Ontario Confederation of University Faculty Associations identifies a number c)f outstanding teachers in the universities of Ontario. These teachers are presented with citations at the OCUFA spring conference. If you have had such an o&standing teacher recebtly, we would like to hear about it. Please note the following guidelines for submission of nominations.
CATEGORIES Teaching, in the c_ontext of the OCUFA Awards, need not be narrowly defined. Proficiency in teaching may extend beyond the lecture hall, the seminar room, the-laboratory or the faculty member’s office. Activities including a number of those some-% times classified as administrative services - e.g., course design, curriculum development, organization of co-operative teaching programs, thesis supervision - and other significant forms of leadership are often important contributions to the instructional process. Those who excel in any of these are eligible for the OCUFA Teaching Awards.
NOMINATIONS Are invited from individuals, informal groups of faculty or students, or both, and such organizations as local faculty associations, faculty or college councils, university committees concerned with teaching and learning, local student councils, departments, alumni, etc.:
For more information contact Susan Phillips at ext. 3867.
We’re proud to announce our referrals for early pregnancy are now being sent to Metropolitan Detroit’s finest birth control center It is a brand new facility designed specifically for the complete medical and emotional needs of women undertaking a pregnancy termination. Constructed according to the standards and guidelines set forth by the Michigan Department of Public Health, over 4000 square feet is devoted to patient comfort. Operating physictans are certified surgeons and OBkYN’s. With over 15 years in private practice, they are specialists in all phases of pregnancy interruption; Patrents are welcomed in an atmosphere of music and sheer elegance by a carefully selected. skilled and sympathetic staff. All information is confidential There are no building signs. ,We’re especially proud of the sit-up recoven/ room. Being a patient’s last stop, she will be served soft drinks and a snack at cafe-style tables She’ll have a large mirrored vanity area with a marble make-up counter for last minute touch-up, feminine toiletries, telephone service for a call home, and a private exit foyer to meet her escort. Procedure fees are low. Pregnancy tests are free. We invite you to call
No standard form of submission is required, but sponsors should provide as much evidence in support of the nomination as will make it clear that outstanding work deserving of recognition has been done. * -
Letters of nomination, ‘be sent to:
Dr. S.F..Gallagher Chairman OCUFA Committee 40 Sussex Avenue Toronto M5-S lJ7 The deadline
Awards . is: March
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t&” sco&j in th% first few mihutes La& weekqnd the Warriors m& The Warriors have three games Hgwkshaw and slated for the upcoming tieek. To‘the Guelph Gryphons and the Sir . on a pas&from + Staubitz. The Gryphops \ renight Ihey host the Windsor Lah- I -, \Wilfrid L;yurier Golden Hayvks in two 1, ,-‘.‘”league I- \*.... I sponded wit! twp q&$&;goals but - -- cers andSu,nday they host the ever were uhable to cc@McLa’gairi due In the first game, the Warri@s po’werful .Toronto &ues, both,/ .boTbarded the GQphonS 9-2 be- \to superb goaltending on the parto,f games are at 8 p.m. at t!e Barn. 0~ Oijkle from ‘fhe l&y I ty bf- Edub+ion, .‘Queen’% ‘I 1Mr. prry Bob Hnatjlk. Guelph lo+ the serThursday night the Warriors will f6ie a full house of Waterlo_o fans. University, twill-meet interes;ted students in Room’JO20, travel to London seeking a victory ; _ The Warriors who ~su6lly x$n- vices of Adam Brown -early in this ‘3 Needle Hall, at: _’ ~ S : : \ period when he was ejected from over tl% University qf Western On- ’ ~ I counter, tough opposition iri the ._ tario Mustangs: . GJuelph team, came on’strong in the _ the game for disputing j a penalty . _ . 4:0b-kM.,qTukday’, *Jamiiy 21; 197’5 ’ * ca‘ll. Thk Warriors also lost a man in&Liskris. _ first period collecting three unans7 , werid goals’. Jeff’ Fielding pa6d - this period wheq Lee Barnes was injuled shortly betore the end of the. the Warrior9 on the scoreb@rd at To provide inforrnatloi concerning the ‘@ach@tor 0; . ’ the Ii33 mark of the first assisted by frame. Wariiorh Bill Stinson rounded @g&h ;-I,\ :< education program whi’ch leads td Ontario te&er ‘, scoring at the Danny Partland and Lee B.arnes. - off -t-he. period’s > certification for-el$m&tary -or secondajl schools, 15.00~minute mark tin a play with - r Mike Zettle followed in less than two . . ’’ _‘L .< Dave McCosh and Mike’Zettle. minytes with ‘a pow-erplay doal , ’ t :sp~ash,,,d ; 1’ scored an addi- ’ ‘..while tpe @yphon$, were short two _ ’ The Warriors . ‘I’f. you -are unable toi-attend the--m/;;sti$, inlf&mation . tional four marker’s in the third while I ,’ I men, ahd the Warriors short oh& m / \I \ m’ay be obtaingd from; . _ j 1 L , The @d marker was notched at the tthe- Gryphons remained s&ieless. .-I ,. - ..,j halfv@y mar& of- the period whife - Warriors Mike Guimond: Peter The W.arrior and Athena swir;n .team returned to the peal for Corn- _ Asherel .and Dave- McCosh conboth teams played one man short. .Y The Registrar, petition after the Christmas break. -. Frank. Staubitz connected on a- -netted, for three quick goa@ before Facu.lty 08 Ed&ion . ’ pevr- : i--2 ‘The Wafiors facedtstiff camp+ ; ’ 0 i.4 .. ’ pass from-.Ron HawkshqLv;: -’ ; sh@t b@wl$ er~@ted:.sendi~g _^ . S$2uhep~s L)nivetsify ‘..I-; c ition a&&&Buffalo State i)nd”. era1 players tb their respective The- second period’ scot%lg was Kingston, Ontario” . dressing rooms. Asherel then colWestern on successive nights. The . _ -.r split, tiith both’teamscollecting two , ,: 1 f. Uniwat -team weakened by the ab1 :. boals apiece. ; Randy Stubel open6d lected his second marker, ending .I 0 , : th+.game tri.umphantly for the sence bf several swimmers on their , ~’ I Waterloo team. . Work term was no match’for eith& _ This game showed efficient and opponent. The scores were. 75-37 ’ productive teamwork dn the part of and 79-34 respectiVe@. ‘t i . ,the -Warriors w&‘: .outshot the * The Athenas- had little trouble splashing past Western 76-36. The ” Gryphons 42-23. Such a strong ef1.fort against the Toronto Blues could swimmin’ women wilLonce again . -bring .the Warriors their first -home vie foi; the OWIAA champio&hi@. . -~ The .Athenas have combined part , ice win against the Toronto team,. Saturdtay aft6Inoon’ the Warriors’ ’ of last’ year’s winning iqbad With I met th,e Golden Haiwks at the,au;: some new talent. Me&ers.of.this seaspn’s3eam aFe v@er&s Cathy ditoriuri-r. This ga6% was a complete reversal of- the Friday night Adams-, Sandy Brazier, Lee s encounter. The Warriors were unFraser,, Peggy.lGraham, Mai& - able to complete ,passe$, take ad- . Murray, Maig ,$Iurra+ h$ari&ri.& r ’ iiantage of powerpla@, score goals O’Neill; and rookies Pat Gorai. or$etip their opponents o@ of. their dowska, .El@.ne Ke$h and, Daphne , ,end, ’ resulmg -in &4:_3, win for the 8 McCtilloch. IDivingxha+ always -’ ’ , -Golden va*@ks. be’en a wesk pdint with the . . The Golden Hawks opened the ’ Athenas, but dot so this year. llwo / --. ” scoring in-the first seven minutes of talented divers, Sydney \18ennett the game. The Warriors’were unand Val ,Qujrk; have come utider * ‘., rable to, resp nd ,,until the la@ few. the’ guidance pf diving coach Marminutes df Phe period w-hen Ron’ r& Tathim. Hawksbaw fi’red in. ii pass from -Ii.Returning. Warriors include Rick’Ashere and Guimbnd ending the N Adamsoh, Karl Brubaker, Rick . period Qne apiece. ’ ‘Drummopd, Bruc~~H+ry, Richard :_ Th,e Warriors took a twd goal i&d ‘- Knaggs,’ LoUis Krawczyk,+ J‘ohn in’the first ten minutes of thd second --Mahopky, Btice Hol@daJ;I,’ Doug p&d bu,t the score-was tiedagain Munn, Rand& Phillips, Ia_n \ by. the. en4 of’.+..the~f[an;le. Randy Fayl.gr,,David Wilson, Tim Wilson Sftibej ‘. %and Ralljh Biainonte were ’ * ’ ‘atid Jini Low. New comers to the the ;Wa&loo marksmen.bin this pop1 are Paul Ahloy, Keb EiZl %per&d. *- -. I ’ .‘ monds, Radui Jacdbek, Alex ’ The third period saw tpe paces 3Kowalenko, Ted Stiles, BryG pick up a$. bgth teamS $pt@jt ‘the Dot&&and Gary Thomas, \ . w_itiing goal. .The . Golden, Hawks Brian’ C&lidge has,been cojdchs\ . fired on6 past Hnatyk in theAdying ing -the Uniwat switimers $ince minutes 6f the game. As if to add September. Brianis a: former ‘VW ‘; 1 %,-r insult. 10’ inj’qry, th@s goal-was- creki&siology student &nd an exdited to Jim Nickels& .whti- wore Wa&ior, 1. -, :I.i Wart% garb- last s‘e,aSon.. One Both teams ,see @on %oday& * I\ smaltconsolation was that t’he War- I Michigan. T@morow a!t ttid: > I riors”dutshot the Golderi Hawks o’clock in the PAC pool the War-” . 52-25,.but just couldnlt slip any’bi.3 . .-&rs ho@ the Fig$tin’ Irish of ’ Y . Notre- Dame. i ,_ _ hot Ph‘il McC$leman, i.. . i I l . (_ i / g a m e s ;
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25, 1975 Chemistry
GRADUATING STUDENTS in ALL FACULTIES kiti invited to drop in any time. If you are unable to attend, write to the Queen’s School of Business for further information.’
Address all letters to Chevron, Campus Centre. on 3 32 or a 64 character spaced. A pseudonym may
agency did these manuals, they could do them on about 10% of the paper, because, in addition to the above-mentioned improvements, they would use both sides of the paper. However these manuals are all set up on disk, and the Computer Centre would be very reluctant to remove them, especially after all the effort needed to put them there. cuts at An alternative to outside publishing would be to set up a printer with 8.5” wide paper printing at 8 lines per inch which would cut the wastage by about 2/3 rd’s. Software manuals are not the only form of documentation being printed. Many users have caught on to the idea of using computer to print out documentation of any kind. (I must admit; it looks very impressive) One such job I looked at conWith the budget cuts and the increasing tained over 123,000 lines (about 2,050 cost of paper, the Computer Centre is atpages) of French text, and this job was run tempting to cut costs, particularly with the at least three times! Needless to say, this * use of paper. Anyone who uses the computext had wide margains, 8.5” width and the ter will know that the primary (and until use of only 1 side of paper, as well as only 6 now, the only) target has been the printing lines per inch amounted to less than 20% of art. While elimination of all computerusage. I think all private documentation printed art would save some paper, this . should be stopped soon, at least before the . seems to be attacking the molehill rather term is over, and those requiring it be dithan the mountain. rected to Graphic services. There are several ways to save paper By quick calculation, one realizes that without eliminating any type ofjobs. In my the paper required by the above mentioned last correspondence with the Computer job could be used to print over 1,000 Centre, I suggested making 8 lines perinch Mona-Lisa’s if the. “SYSPRINT” copies the default (6 lines per inch is presently option was working properly. Still many default), and giving extra copies only of job operators will vigorously attempt to stop output when the “copies” option is used. all art, but turn their backs on these monsThe first one was termed a good idea, and I ters. This I cannot understand, but I am was told that altering the “Sys-print” more concerned about the operators who statement would give the desired result for lecture students about “wasting” computhe second suggestion. More than one ter time (using their “We had trouble printmonth later, 6 lines per inch is still default ing your job” decoy) and have their own and, due to a bug in the system, I found that offices decorated with computer-printed the altered ‘Sysprint” statement didn’t pictures. give the desired result, in fact it did nothing .All this aside, I will not attempt to estiat all. Fixing this would save 3.5 to 5 (and mate the paper savings if some or even all sometimes more) pages for each additional of the above suggestions were imcopy of printed output. plemented. The Computer Centre has reIf one examines a piece of output from a cently introduced Remote Job Output batch job, one notices the first page contain(RJO) which still eliminates a large amount ing the job title as well as various job and of erroneous output. However, there is account number statistics. Not much can only so much the Computer Centre can do. be done to save paper here, but proceeding At the same time, all users should try to further, one finds the “HOTNEWS”. make an effort to conserve paper whenever While at the time of this writing, (and often possible. Using forms options 5600 when the case) it is only.6 lines long, although it white paper is desired, and 4400 when occasionally blooms to fill a page. How. green paper will do, will give 8 lines per ever, whatever its length, it occupies a half inch. You might be surprised how good it or 1 page, depending upon the forms oplooks. I personally will try not to waste tion. There is no need to have this item on paper, but only as long as I am assured that its own sheet of paper, but more important, the Computer Centre is trying, too. it should be available only on request. ObStephen W. Coates viously , if a person runs several jobs in one Year I Chemistry. day, he has no need for, or interest in, repeated copies of the same news. The next two pages contain the “HASP SYSTEM LOG” (HSP), and the “JOB CONTROL LANGUAGE” (JCL) respectively. The HSL although occasionally necessary, is almost always ignored, but cannot be suppressed, and also takes up a half or 1 page for about a dozen lines. .The HSL should immediately follow the “HOTNEWS” with only a few blank lines in between. The JCL is much more widely referenced and is lengthly enough to justify its own page. By use of the I was at Wednesday’s forum on the ‘ ‘MSGLEVEL-(O,O)” it can be suppressed, budget crisis and I heard lots of talk about but oddly enough, the first card is still the quality of education and the public “serprinted and’a half of 1 sheet of paper is still , vice the university performs.But after the used, cancelling out any user attempt to meeting I saw that many of us are in need of save paper unless the JCL is unusually education in common decency toward long. The JCL should immediately follow others. Unless the university can teach its the HSL, again separated by only a few faculty and students a minimum of respect lines. .for fellow humans, and insist on its being If this is insufficient and computer usage shown at all times, then it is futile, in terms is to be reduced documentation should reof overall benefit to society, to try to teach ceive top priority. Anyone who has obpeople physics or philosophy. tained a WITS, WYLBUR or ATS manual I am referring to the collection of will notice an incredible wastage of paper. cigarette butts left on the floor when the To start with this material is printed at only forum was over. I counted over seventy6 lines per inch, with many half-filled five of them, left by those who didn’t just pages. These are luxuries we can no longer happen to be near an ashtray and didn’t afford. Further more, to give a handy 8.5 x bother to scrounge one of the many empty 11” size, and nice spaceous margains, only coffee cups lying around. Don’t they know 45% of the horizontal space is used. Comthat it is strictly against university policy bining these factors, one realizes that about (see the Gazette of this week), as well as 17 to 25% of the paper is being utilized. If just plain filthy? Well, this is National Edugraphic services or an outside publishing cation Week on Smoking, and it is time
no. . smoking
the Editor, Please type line, doublebe run if we
smokers learned not to grind butts into the \ floor. It is probably no wonder that so many’ people are so ignorant, for one of the members of the panel, which is supposed to provide the leadership through the budget crisis, left two butts of his own on the platform. 1 It is enough to make me sick.
ing the RAA. We urge everyone at Renison and in other colleges and faculties to support the RAA and defend the interests of the students. R.A.A.
Michael Rolle Mathematics Gasp
RAA h ue The situation at Renison these days shows how an administration can have no respect for the interests of students. Returning students were greeted with a notice telling them who would be teaching their courses. Additional sections of courses taught by Jeffery Forest were also added. Suddenly Towler has found money to hire all sorts of new people to placate the reactionary students in the college. Hugh Miller was replaced by a recent graduate of the UW Psychology Dept., Bob Lehue. It is interesting to note that Lehue is an American draft resistor taking the job of a Canadian who has worked to make it easier for resistors to enter Canada. It is an ironic situation. Lehue has already been put on the spot by students and feels he is not taking any sides in the Renison Affair. It is clear that by taking the job of a dismissed faculty member when the Tenure Committee report specifically asks faculty NOT to accept jobs at Renison that he is most definitely taking a stand. Towler’g administrative ability is at a low level. He can’t even do a good job of running the college HIS way. He is scurrying around seeking replacements for Hugh and to this date has cancelled one course and postponed another. It is a fact that many faculty members on this and other campuses will not boycott the demand by the faculty association. Some members of the academic community have enough integrity to know that crossing a line whether at a factory. or at a university amounts to the same thing. One person when asked to teach a course at Renison asked how others might see him. “As a scab of course” replied a respected member of the faculty of arts. The best people will have nothing to do with teaching at Renison until the matter is investigated. Renison students are being deprived of their right to the education they deserve. They will instead get a third rate education from third and fourth rate people .who will “sell their souls” for money. Towler blatantly refuses to listen to anyone -the students or the faculty of Arts. He only listens to the Board of Governors and his lawyers. The money the college is spending on legal fees is enormous and comes out of the pockets of the students. A CAUT investigation costs nothing. The question the entire university community must ask is why Towler refuses to allow CAUT to investigate. The faculty of Arts and the Senate both expressed their desire that Renison follow this route but Renison will not listen to anyone. Renison College is not acting in the interests of anyone but Towler and the BOG. They are turning the college into a mediocre high school where soon students will have to carry pink slips to go to the washroom. The main point in everything at Renison ,is that Towler will let the students go down the drain to save face. The Renison students have already demonstrated their willingness to defend their interests by form-
li&kriior fans are hypocrites
During the past months, whenever conversation turns to the basketball Warriors it seems that two things are often mentioned ; 1) Our team is the best in Canada 2) Our fans are the best in Canada These two theories are interesting especially when we return to the CIAU Nationals staged last spring. Waterloo fans will remember clearest that final, frantic game in which the upstart Guelph team pulled off a minor miracle in edging the talented St. Mary’s squad. It was obvious both at the Phys. Ed. Complex and across the nation ontelevision that the locals drived a great deal of pleasure in seeing the “American” team from the Maritimes defeated. Little attention ,was paid to the fact that the American players comprising most of the’ better tournament teams (St. Mary’s, S.G.W.U., Acadia) were primarily responsible for making the finals the heartthrobbing spectacle that they were. I’m sure most true basketball fans agree that a lot of the excitement would have been lost without such names as Mickey Fox, Rick Cassey , Lee Thomas, and Zan Pelzer. Our Warriors, who last year came close to the top.with an all-Canadian lineup, have revised their thinking and will field two Americans (Art White and Charlie Chambers) who quite probably will play essential roles when Waterloo walks off with the national crown this spring. ’ At this time, I expect our nationalistic fans to boo soundly the Warriors as they leave the floor while the Warrior band strikes u the American national anthem. Until tha F Qccurs, Warrior fans are not the best in Canada, they are only the most hypocritical.
Pissed off! p In forthcoming issues the chevron is featuring a ,. page of your commeints on any topic you are interested in. Would any readers interested in having their comments printed please submit them by Tuesday at noon. Please type them on a 64 character IineXomments not typed may not be run.-
The Chinese- Students Association and the Federation of Studentspresent
CHINA -- WEEK
Mon. Jan. 20 -- 8:00 p.m. AL 116 W. Hinton Speaks on “New Development in China”
MarIon Brando is featured in this drama of the West Indies during the 19th century. A popular rebellion is distorted and ultimately destroyed by the colonialist and international capitalist concerns of the day for whom Brando is the agent.
Sunday, January 1 g-7:00 pm-Campus-Centre-Free-University of Waterloo -Sponsored by the Anti-Capitalist. Alliance and the Federation of Students-
Wed. Jan. 22 - 8:00 p.m. EL 101 C. Hinton Speaks on “Student and Factory Life in China” Fri. Jan 24 - 8:00 p.m. MC 2065 Paul Lin Speaks on “Values in Contempory China”
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Renison must go. to arbitration I ’
photo by neil dochetty Renison principal, john Towler, who has found himself in the middle of a heated firings of two Renison professors, responds to questions posed by the members
8’ The Renis6n Academic Assembly (R.A.A.) submitted this article in response to an open letter which the Renison Board of G-overnors distributed among the academic community last week. Portions of this fetter have been published in the current Gazette. by the RAA The Administration at Renison College has repeatedly invoked legal jargon and legalistic reasoning based on its right to hire and fire in attempting to defend its actions to all who criticize the dismissals. In “An Open Letter to the Academic Community” distributed by the Renison administration prior to Tuesday’s arts faculty council meeting, this method once again holds centre stage. “Jeffrey Forest was not fired,” ’ we are told, “Renison College simply exercised its rights by putting into effect part of its agreement with Forest. . . “. Perhaps there is some narrow legal distinction between “firing” and termination of a contractual relationship but both amount to the same thing for everyone except, it would appear, those who make their livings drawing such distinctions. The fact remains that at least three members of the Renison faculty will no loriger be on staff by-the end of this term if the administration gets its way. The letter goes on to assert that the contention that Jeffrey Forest was fired for “his supposed political leanings” is “nothing but a red herrink designed to attract the sympathy of the academic community and to lead them away from the real issues.” Simply denying a charge is an interesting rhetorical technique for a group of lawyers, businessmen and self-professed Christians to use to deal with the alleged “inaccuracies in the recent report of the Faculty Association”. This report referred to cited evidence of direct interference in Forest’s classroom by the principal of Renison College, John Towleri to support its’conclusion that political considerations were involved in the firings. A simple denial in‘ the face of such evidence is surprising and certainly an unconvincing defence. Criticism that the college did not follow customary procedures in firing the teachers in question is met with the retort that: “This too is
debate about the legitimacy of the Arts faculty council.
responds nothing but a smoke screen carefully engineered to hide the fact that Renison has no procedures other than legal ones which even the Faculty Association has admitted a’re completely correct”. The use of the word “correct” is interesting in this context as it implies approval of Renison’s actions which has certainly not been extended by the Faculty Association in any way. What the Faculty Association has said is that the college has every “legal” right to behave the way it has. However, if the co& lege had wanted to fire the Forest’s and Miller and review the charges against Webber in a manner acceptable to the Faculty Association and the Canadian Association of University Teachers (CAUT) those procedures were available to be used. +@ fact Towler even contacted the Faculty Association before taking action and was informed of the acceptable procedures that co,uld be utilized. These procedures have been established by CAUT as guidelines to be followed so that the faculty member against whom any administration wishes to move has a fair forum in which to defend himself/ herself. ,The Board’s statement goes on to say “. . . that the reason why Renison does not have established policies and procedures is due to the action of some faculty members who resisted and obstructed their development at every opportunity”. This implies that the faculty members +mder fire are the guilty parties, which is peculiar reasoning given the fact that these same faculty members have been in the forefront of the movement to develop a democratic constitution at Renison. The publication of a threatening memorandum from John Towler to Prof. Marlene Webber in the chevrdn is regarded in the Board’s statement as evidence “that she is more interested in escalating the matter than resolving it in a responsible way”. First of all the administration caused the escalation by presenting the memorandum which contained a slate of ambiguous and unsubstantiated charges. Furthermore, Webber did respond to the memo, contrary to the Board’s statement, but in a manner SO as to in_dicate that, she would answer the charges if a proper forum could be provided for her to do so. She was ngt prepared to engage in a war of memoranda presented to her as ultimatum& In addressing the case of Hugh
Miller the report says “the Board attempted to resolve the Miller case in a series of negotiations which broke down when Miller demanded that the College guarantee his acceptance into the Uhiver? sity of Waterloo graduate school doctoral programme and give an assurance that he would also graduate from the programme”. Clearly the college has no such powers; clearly Miller knows this and would never make such an absurd demand. The Board’s statement /is laughable. The Faculty Association report is accused of being a “biased, one sided assessment of the situation”. Throughout this entire episode the venison administration has maintained the Faculty Association cannot present an unbiased picture of the situation because in their view it is a trade union. Faculty Association president Mike Macdonald, who sat on the committee which did the initial investigation, is repeatedly characterized as a defense lawyer who is guilty of a conflict of interest. Because the report is clearly unfavourable to Renison College all attempts to undermine its conclusions are being advanced by the Board. The Board’s statement charges that the Faculty Associations’ report ignores the substantive issues involved in the case. However, the Faculty Association was not interested in establishing the validity of any or all of the charges (that is what the sought after arbitration procedure is to allow for) but rather indetermining whether or not the faculty members were given a f&r procedure through which todefend themselves against the -allegations. After several more pages of extremely loose logic aimed at discrediting the Faculty Association report‘ a final incredible note is struck with this statement “. . . this unwarranted response bf the Faculty Association has given rise to an attempt of what can only be considered a form of academic terrorism. . . in which Renison academic programmes are being held hostage in order to force compliarice which CAUT regulations”. But, as we have seen, what the CAUT regulations simply provide for is a forum in which faculty members can defend themselves against charges brought against them. It in no way prejudges their innocence. One can only)ask again and again-what is Renison College so afraid of?
The Renison Affair is the most important issue on campus. For it involves academic freedom, and its outcome will affect the status of this university. The question which must be resolved is: what were the reasons for the Renison Administration’s actions? Actions which dismissed Professor Miller; teqminated the contract of Professor Jeff Forest; laid a charge of unprofessional conduct against Professor Webber; and banned Professor Marsha Forest from teaching at Renison, by a courtesy appointment, or from attending any student or faculty \ meetings. Insufficient evidence has thus far been given to justify these actions. There is, however, evidence that the reasons were political. The UW Faculty Association’s Tenure Committee states on this issue: “As a result of its hearings the Committee came to the conclusion that the written and public charges made against the-four faculty members did not make explicit some of the fundamental reasons which the College had for taking action in three of the four cases, namely those of Profs J. Forest, M. Forest and M. Webber. These reasons are political. The Committee naturally hesitates before making the grave charge that Prof Towler considers the ?lolding of left-wing political views, in itself and independently of any effect this might have upon such matters as classroom performance, to provide reasonable grounds for not retaining a person at‘ Renison College. However, Prof Towler himself made it clear to the Committee that he did consider the political reason an adequate one.” This same report goes on to cite an incident where Renison College principal Towler entered a class being taught by the Forests, and on seeing a textbook with a political title proceeded to lecture the class on politics in the classroom. All of this contradicts Towler’s announcement to the Arts Faculty Council on Tuesday that he did not know the politics of the people involved nor did he care. Allegations of political firings are very serio& indeed. At a meeting on Monday the chevron asked, the Tenure Committee what evidence they had to support this. The chairman of the committee, Prof. McDonald, said that he didn’t think it would be useful to release such information as yet, and that to do so would ,“polarize I the situation even more”. He felt that the Canadian Association of ’ University Teachers (CAUT) should ‘see it first hand. He did, however, add “we reached our conclusions for good reasons”. Prof. Ord, another member of the committee, interjected “we wouldn’t have speculated unless we had had very explicit statements made to us”. Binding arbitration is the only just way of solving this dispute, and of finding the truth. The CAUT, which has started its investigation, favours this means of solving this type of problem. Professor Ste- . vens of Guelph, who is in charge of the investigation, told the chevron on Tue_sday that he is trying to bring both sides to binding arbitration. The professoi-s, however, have always been willing to put their cases to this test, and abide by the ruling. It remains to be seen whether Principal Towler and the Renison Board of Governors are willing to do the same. To this date they have refused, a@ since Monday Towler has refused to answer questions on this issue. The chevron believes that if the Renison administration has good reasons for the actions they have taken against these professors then it has nothing to fear from binding arbitration. I$ Renison refuses to ‘go to arbitration then it is very likely that CAUT will conduct its own inquiry. If it transpires that the firings were politically motivated then it is almost certain that Renison will be censured by CAUT. Such a censure would reflect on UW since it is a UW degree which Renison offers. Yet on this side of the creek academic freedom is upheld. People holding radical beliefs teach here and their positions are solely dependent on their competence as instructors. UW should not have its standing in the academic community jeopardized by the actions of one of its affiliated colleges. A CAUT investigation is a long and painful process and a censure could not take place until May at the annual meeting of the CAUT. Also a censure leaves a stain to be mopped up. By contrastbinding arbitration could be completed within two months, according to Stevens, and w.ould give a final solution which both sides would have to accept. Simon Fraser had a censure hanging over it for six years. Binding arbitration offers the further advantage that should the decision favour the professors they could retain their positions. Such is not the guarantee of a CAUT censure. Thus we call upon all students, faculty and the adininistration to bring whatever pressure they can to bear upon the Renison board of governors and on principal Towler so that they will accept binding arbitration and thus bring,the Renison Affair to a just and expeditious end.
production this week: m&be/ gordon, doug ward, neil docherty, jim doherty, neil dunning, terry h&-ding, randy hannigan, ken dick, diane ritza, ian taylor, liskris, kati middleton, he/en witruk. Much talk this week about turning Renison into a day dare centre and letting the chevron hacks get tc bed ear/i%
. member: Canadian university press (CUP). The chevron is typeset by dumont press graphix and published by the federation of students incorporated, university of water-loo. Content is the sole responsibility of the chevron editorial staff. Offices are located in the campus cehtre; (519) 8851660, or university local 2331. /
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with the n&vs of the death of Mike Moser the previous evening. While many people-knew Moser persona//v, many object of the censure: the...