Telegdi still in power. .After 2 and a half hours of political haggling, the Federation of Students’ council decided Tuesday to table a motion calling for the resignation of federation president Andy Telegdi until a meeting to be held this Sunday. Introduced by a report of the salaries and honouraria committee, the motion called for the cutting out of “Andy Telegdi’s salary as of Oct. 30,,1974”, due to “per: sonality conflicts between Andy and members of the executive board.” The “personality conflicts”, according to the committee’s report, interfered “with the work” of the federation executive. In addition, Telegdi’s “obvious lack of communication, and his inability to get along with people; prevents him from adequately performing his job, and also frustrates and inhibits the performance of other members -- of/the federation.” It was also noted that “at no time did Andy exhibit a high degree of leadership”, however the committee felt Telegdi’s “quantity of work has been satisfactory”. Speaking in favour of the motion, federation external relations chairman Max Mercer said “I believe the president should resign because of his demoralizing and debilitating influence on the executive.” Mercer further said when asking Telegdi to “cease his personal attacks on e,xecutive memhers’ ’ , he was told “he’d better stop that sort of thing.” On the other hand; Tublications chairman Terry Harding said- he (’ could work with Telegdi despite divergent political views, and the reason why other executive mem-
bers could not was solely due to a “lack of desire to work with him.” As an example of “working with Telegdi” , Harding cited the occasion when he and Telegdi negotiated a raise for student summer employees at the University of Waterloo. Strongly disagreeing with Harding, federation treasurer Ted-Scott said “unless we demand excellence” from federation presidents we can expect “ mediocrity’ ’ . He had previously referred to _Telegdi’s handling of the federation-funded “Housing ‘74” project (which sought to “resolve” the student housing project) as being devoid of “professionalism’ ’ . Scott said Telegdi managed to “alienate 5 project members” when he started to take an interest in the project. This alienation resulted in “a rented car” sitting “idle in St. Jerome’s College parking lot”, he said. Countering Scott’s assertions, federation vice-president John Shortall said as far as he was concerned Telegdi handled “Housing ‘74” well and “he kept me in to,uch with what was going on”. (Shortall, though primarily responsible for the project was not on campus during summer as he had a job out -of town). In defence of his involvement in the housing project, Telegdi said university president Burt Matthews termed it “strictly wonderful” and that he was glad the federation was “going to the community to i solve the problem”. Telegdi also said he received little cooperation from other executive members, such as Mercer, on
This week: Rocky &-company .~..oooooe..page--5 Women in the USSR . . . . . . . . . .page the chevron wants you . . . . ..page intramurd ‘sports . . . . . . . . . . ..page xhildren & learning . : . . . . . . .- .page l
the “tent city” project (an offshoot from the housing project, to publicize the student housing shortage) and that he had to rely on “a small group of volunteers”. Capping council’s intramural fracas, Telegdi charged the salaries and honouraria committee of contravening federation policy regarding “secret documents”, as the report should have been made public prior to the council meeting. Telegdi was backed up by council’s speaker Bill Green who also felt councillors should have received the report with their agendas. He then introduced a motion to adjourn until Sunday, saying council was “dropped a bombshell” with the report appearing so suddenly. -john
Lead pollutes Last January television viewers watching the CBC show “As it Happens” on lead. pollution were told that certain portions of the programme would be cut due to a court injunction ordering certain libelous portions of the programme be censored. This was the first of 78 court injunctions initiated by- Canada Metal, a firm which smelts lead in
Toronto, in a legal war against any criticism of the company’s lead plants. The television show detailed the dangers of lead when inhaled by the families, and children- surrounding Canada Metal’s plants located in a residential section of Toronto, and in. Trail, British Columbia. 1 Lead is even more dangerous when inhaled by children since the toxic lead deposits itself in the tissues and bones at a much higher rate than with adults. Canada Metal is located a mere 200 yards from a primary school and as’of yet the company has done nothing to reduce the amount of lead pouring out of its smokestacks. \ Two days after the programme, Canada Metal and Toronto Refiners and Smelters issued a notice of a motion asking the Supreme Court of Ontario to throw 6 persons in jail for allegedly breaking the injunction.- These people included ES. Hallman, vice-president of the CBC, Mark Starowicz, producer of “As It Happens”, Max Allen, producer of the programme on lead, because they had televised the programme. The morning after the programme, the court injunction hit the front page of the Globe and Mail -and for this action, Graham Fraser, author of the story, and James L. Cooper, publisher of the Globe and Mail were also named in the court case. Gary Perly, national chairman of .l
8 11 13 15
the Canadian Liberation Movement (CLM) was also named because the CLM had distributed leaflets to the workers at Canada Metal. Gary Perly spoke at an anti-lead forum Wednesday to outline his organization’s efforts to fight lead pollution, and the companies involved. He told the group that on Feb. 15 Justice Holland of the Ontario Supreme Court dissolved the injunction obtained by the companies against the programme. The next day the lead companies initiated the largest libel suit in Cana- . dian history. They sued the CBC, the Globe and Mail and 5 of the paper’s employees for $1 million each. The total suit came to $14 million. The only person missing from the list was Gary Perly . Perly and the CLM feel it proved that the suit was nothing more than a scare tactic to frighten the journalists from speaking out against lead pollution. The controversy over the lead pollu$on ofCanada Metal has been growing for years. Eight years ago, a-little girl who lived adjacent to a lead plant was admitted to Sick Children’s Hospital in a coma due to lead intoxication. More children were sent from the nieghbourhood with similar problems and the parents organized and demanded that the Ontario government stop the companies. Nothing was done. Two years ago, Dr. David Parkinson, head of the Metabolic ward continued on page 3
Thousands of Bookk for Sale!
Campus Centre-Rm ,138 - ,. * opens* / Monday Noon, Oct. 21 ’ Z Closes Friday Noon, Oct. 25 ’ . Tuesday, Wednesday’ -c 9amto5,pm
“The Day of the Jacikal” 8pm AL1 16. Feds. $1; others $1.50
Students party 9pm, Married Students apt: community centre. Come and loosen up defore the midterm exams tense-you up. Everybody welcome. Federation Jackal” $1.50
Flicks“The Day of the 8pm AL1 16. Feds. $1; others
Grebel chapel service- lo:30 -am. Preacher Robert Liddy, rector, Ressurrection College, U of W. Federation
Hoechst develops a constant stream of new ideas to keep its research pointed in the right directions. ideas about what is needed, ideas about what -is wanted. Ideas about what is possible, ideas about‘what is probable in the light of a constantly changing, ever-increasing body of basic knowledge. \
Just for the Fun of It. Music Four in a
Products and ideas from Hoechst have touched and j improved the quality of people’s lives in every area around the world, in a hundred countries \ on six continents. As an affiliate of the worldwide Hoechst organizations Canadian Hoechst Limited has a full century of research and abhievement to draw upon. In Canada, Hoechst is an auto;omous company employing Canadians to serve Canadian needs. Hoechst in Canada concerns itself with supplying both the present and future needs of Canadians. The!_range of products and services covers the spectrum through industrial on chemicals, dyestuffs, plastics, Imagination steers’ the a , printing plates, human and veterinary medicines,, pharmaceuShip ’ ticals, and textile fibres. Hoechst ’ lmaginatiqn is a prime source products and services, Hoechst of the new ideas Hoechst uses techniques a’nd know-how in constantly in order to keep these fields, combined with a developing better products large international fund of expe- ,, more effective medicines, better rience, have given the company chemical and industrial materia reputation for expertise which t als. Imagination is only.half the takes constant striving to live up battle, but when good ideas are to. Hoechst thinks ahead-. properly teamed with the disI cipline of applied research, they ’ constitute a formidable force in the search for improved u%ctsin every area of moqern life.
programme of Music, song and dance ranging from the 1 00’s to present day. In conjunction wit tf the Gallery Exhibition op%ning of Becky Burke-Constructions and Drawings (Meet the artist). 2:30pm Theatreof the Arts. Free Admission.
WEDNESDAY The Manitoba
Theatre Centre presents The Dybbuk by S. Ansky a new version by John Hirsch. Admission $5, students $2.50 8pm Humanities Theatre. Orienteering
Club meets in PAC 1089 at 8pm. Members of Waterloo Wanderers and7or OOA, please attend. Students’
International Meditation Society introductory lecture on the prigciples and practice of Transcendental Meditation. 8pm ‘MC2065 Everyone welcome.
Free Movie “Candy” IO:1 5pm Campus Centre great hall. Sponsored
Canadian Hoechst Limited .4045 C6te Vertu Montreal 383, Quebec
40 Lesmill Road Don Mills,- Ontario
Theatre Centre presents The Dybbuk by S. Ansky a new version by John Hirsch. 8pm I Humanities Theatre. Admission $5, students $2.50 Waterloo
pm, E2-2355. itors welcome.
Flicks “The Day of the 8pm AL1 16. Feds $1; others
Christian Fellowship dessert meeting. Speaker is Pastor Kennedy who will talk on Redeemed Man. All welcome. 5:30pm NH3000. I Bruce
$4, students Theatre.
concert. Admissidn $3. 7 ‘& IOpm Humanities
Firesides informal meeting 7:30-12. HUM345. All students, faculty and staff who are interested, curious qr just inquisitive come or call Ariel 884-0202.
New scheme found * / I
Gary Per/y spoke at and politics of lead named in a law suit that was seen as an lead pollution.
photo by mike-gordon
a forum Wednesday evening about the dangers pollution. Per/y’ along with several others was which was initiated by Canada Metal, in a move attempt to scare off criticism of the companies , The government’s inaction over this matter and the subsequent court battles over it are a good indication of who is really in power in Canada. -hike got-don
at the hospital for Sick Children in Toronto began lead blood tests on children who lived adjacent to the lead plant because ofthe large number of children admitted with lead intoxication. Shortly after, the vice-president of Cominco (owner of Canada Metal) and Dr. Fitch (formerly with the Ontario Dept. of Health) visited Dr. Parkinson’s boss at the hospital and insisted that he be fired. . Last October the protest of local residents increased enough to force the Ontario government to issue a The native peoples religion in stop-work order against Canada Canada has long been viewed by Metal. But an Ontario Supreme the dominant white culture as being Courtjudge ordered the order lifted irrelevant or savage in their world when the provincial Air Manageview. “It is time that the white culment Branch did not bring any eviture has a correction of insights and dence to court proving the plant acknowledge it”, said.Prof. J.W.E. polluted. The inaction of the On- ‘Newberry Laurentian of tario Air Management Board moti=- University’s native studies progvated Toronto city council to de- ramme. mand a Royal Commission of InNewberry,‘addressing a two day quiry into the plant’s operations. symposium on the religion of native But nothing was done. peoples being held at U of W and The “As It Happens” progWLU, stressed the relevance of the ramme brought to a head the years native peoples’ world view to white of struggle for a reduction in the industrial society: “White society lead pollution. The controversy hit needs to experience the psychic a national newspaper’s front page ecology of native people’s relig- and the company’s directors ion’ ’ , said Newberry. realized that they had a battle on Native people’s religion is extheir hands. periencing a revival in traditional fPerly pointed out that the pollurites such as singing, dancing, and tion equipment for the companies’ drumming. Wilderness camps enalead plants in Toronto and elseble native peoples to get in touch where in Canada would be a conwith their old ways. After prohibi-siderable capital expense. He felt tion by church and the federal govthe company fears that if any polluernment of their old customs, nation restrictions were placed on the tive peoples have re-embraced Toronto companies they would their religion. The present revival have to be installed in other plants is challenging Christianity in native across Canada. peoples’ lives. “It is a spiritual Perly has been acquitted of the struggle which must purify and charges put forward at the supreme strenghten their religion”, accordcourt but has been ordered to pay ing to Newberry. for the companies’ $7,000 court Native peoples are reconsidering costs. He is fighting this action in their contact with white society and the courts. withdrawing - into their own religion The residents’ battle for “clean and culture. “Native peoples are lead free air” is continuing but as of breaking with the oppressive and yet no government has been able, smothering dominant culture to in its wisdom, to impose any lasting develop their own sense of identity. restrictions on Canada Metal, a If they decide to re-establish concompany owned by Cominco tact, the type of contact will depend which is a subsidiary of Canadian upon them”, concluded Newberry. Pacific Railways. -jay roberts
Waterloo regional planners gave a sigh of relief today when they heard that the region’s growth will not be constrained by a water shortage because a new scheme has been developed to recycle sewage. In the scheme each industry would take its waste liquids and under pressure apply the solution across a cellulose acetate membrane which separates the clean water from all impurities, including bacteria and viruses. The clean water can be then used again in the industry’s water supply system. Bill Thompson, Waterloo regional commissioner of planning and development, said it was a “tremendous breakthrough” in the conservation of water as industry consumes more than 60 percent of the community’s water supply. He further noted that the $98 million pipeline from Lake Erie and the $42 million Nith river recharge system can now-be indefinitely postponed as the answer to the region’s water shortage; Thompson also speculated that “by the 1980’s we wonit need water pipes or sewage treatment plants if this thing is built properly. We’ll be able to have one right in the house and it will cost less than a septic tank system. Regional Chairman Jack Young announced he will be meeting,with the ministry of the environment with a view to encouraging industries to adopt the new scheme. Already planners are considering financial incentives for industries who introduce the new system into their plant. This move is questionable since it is after all industry who will benefit from the system since its growth would be constrained within the region without the new scheme. ’ One wonders whether the taxpayers of Kitchener-Waterloo should be subsidizing the installa,. _ tion of these systems.
Native religion viewed X1
Last week the chevron ran an article titled‘ ‘Bezner on Aborting”. Since that time a few inconsistencies in the article have been shown and should be cleared up. The chevron refered to the speaker as Mr. Bezner, although Bezner indeed has his doctorate, in physics. from the All indications advances and intro“pro-life’s” duction would imply Bezner to be a doctor of medicine. The second
mistake was the reporting that abortion could be performed right up to the forty week limit. This is not true. Under Canadian Law, Criminal Code 221, it is legal to perform abortions only up until the twentieth week. At this time the fetus becomes recognized as an unborn child. Mr. Bezner’s misconceptions must- come from the fact that if the woman’s life is in danger, it is perfectly legal to perform a hysteratomy and remove the unborn child-but only if the woman’s life is in danger. Because of this, any referral to the “unborn baby” or the “unborn child” in the article must be replaced by the word ‘ ‘fetus”. - The chevron also cannot find where Mr. Bezner has obtained his “facts” saying that it is “standard procedure in some Canadian hospitals” to place “aborted babies.. .in a bucket of water to drown or be placed in a refrigerator to die of exposure .” The following excerpts have been taken from different articles and authors and will be listed if requested. The following article may be considered an opinion on abortion, the article from Probe is titled “A Liberal Catholic’s View of Abortion”The majority Catholic opinion holds nowad.ays, that there is indeed a real human being from the first moment of conception, but there is also another Catholic viewpoint which was voiced by one of the churches greatest theologians, Thomas Aquinas. This view holds -that there is certainly no human being during the early stages of pregnancy. Before the thirteenth century the Catholic Church held that the human soul was infused r into the body only when it began to show a human shape or outline and possesse’a the basic human organs. Before this time it was considered to be “a vegetative or animal soul, not yet a human soul”. It is in the process of evolving but cannot be considered to be a human person. To refer to another source, “the Church took the convenientlyloose view that the fetus became animated by the rational soul and abortion was therefore a serious crime, only at forty days after conception for a boy and eighty days for a girl. (No methods of sex determination were specified)“. scientific _ Owing to “erroneous reports” the official Catholic view was changed. These reports stated that there was a complete human being already formed at the time of conception (and therefore a soul) and that only the size and development of the body had to be determin-ed from that time onward. However, it has been proven that after conception there is only the one cell which begins to split and grow slowly. Only, after the 1 lth week period does it have the form and functions of a human; If it were the case that from the moment of conception, the fetus had a soul and was virtually a human then how can it be possible to explain identical twins with different personalities? It might be seen that in the past as
new countries were colonized and since there was a need for a higher population to form and develop the land, new births would be needed. Abortions would then begin to be frowned upon since people were a scarcity. The Catholic Church was also losing the race, in terms of population to other religions and might grasp at anti-abortion restrictions as a means to spread its faith by saturating the population. This is a real possibility and should not be discarded hastily. * If one has decided definitely that the decision should not be left up to the woman, then how can-one justify compulsory pregnancy? By forcing a woman to go through nine months of servitude and then possibly thrusting the role of parenthood upon her, what has been gained? Perhaps two more anx?ous, frustrated parents and an-unwanted child. According to reports in the United States in 1967, “tens of thousands of children were severely battered or killed, and these numbers represent an unknown fraction of actual incidence rates”. Unwanted children can be directly correlated to children who have been mentally or physically abused. If there isn’t a law allowing abortions then there will still be a high rate of abortions being performed illegally usually under much poorer conditions. To speak of the danger one could quote from Selig Neubardt, M.D.: “compared to another common surgical procedure, we can say that the danger of an early abortion is far less than the risk of a tonsillectomy! The further advanced the pregnancy gets, the more dangerous the abortion becomes, but, in the hands of a competent physician, the risk of abortion at any stage is not greater than the risk of a full-term baby !” -laurie
ChessThe UOW Chess Club will sponsor an open tournament Oct. 25, Oct. 26, Ott, 27, Nov. 2, Nov. 3, and Nov. 4. The tournament will be divided into two sections; an unrated section (not a C.F.C. member), and a rated section for C.F.C. members. The form-at and prizes of the unrated section will be decided by the number of entries (it will be an elimination or a Swiss tournament). The rated section will be a six round Swiss (no eliminations) with one round scheduled each date. A $40 first prize will be guaranteed to the winner of the rated tournament. Play in both sections begins at 8:00 friday nigh& with registrations opening at 7:O0. The Saturday and sunday rounds will begin at %12:30 both weekends. All games will be played under time control (40 moves-in 2 hours) and adjourned games will be completed _ before the beginning of the next round. The tournament will be held in the math lounge (third level in the M&C building).
I Canadian University- S’ervices Overseas (CUSO) sends qualified Canadians to cooperate with Third World Nations in their programs for education, agricultur,e, health, technology- and numerous re,lated fields.’ Most university-acquired skills can be ‘\put to work in areas of the world wr \ere t/rained personnel are not always availab Ie to meet the urgent and- social developdemands of economic / ment. . Students interested i ri CUSO service upon graduation next spring, are invited to an* information meeting on Mo’nday October 21 at 8:00 p.m. ‘in the Humanities Building, Room im
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WASHINGTON (LNS)-Most observers commenting on the recent testimony of Vice-Presidentdesignate Nelson Rockefeller before the Senate Rules Committee on his net worth have failed to point out that /the question is essentially irrelevant. For in reality, the Rockefeller family exercises power so vast that it dwarfs Nelson’s own individual fortune. Nelson Rockefeller says he is worth $62 million which swells to $218 million when trust funds are included. But the complex and hidden economic power that the Rockefeller family holds jointly, and \ which Nelson shares, stretches across the nation and for that matter, around the world. Oil, banking, airlines, real estate, insurance, retailing, communicahotels and super. tions, electronics, , mutual marke t,s, funds, coffee beans and ‘chickens. The power of the family fortune is beyond measure. The fortune of the Rockefellers is pervasive. Nelson and his four brothers-David, who is chairman. of the board at Chase Manhattan Bank, John D., who chaired the Rockefeller Foundation for many years, Laurence, a major investor in the’ space industry and in Rockresorts, and Winthrop, who wis governor of Arkansas-and sister Abby, each received trust funds and direct inheritances from their grandfather, John D. the first. Other trust funds were created for the fourth generation when it came along. For two generations, the great fortune passed down by John D. Rockefeller has been fractionalized and covered increasing layers of trusts and closely held where no public recompanies, ports are required and none volunteered. The family philanthropy has attempted to erase the robber baron image associated with John D. the first. The Standard Oil Trust which John put together was dismantled by the Supreme Court in 1911, but the family retained control of all of the pieces. . In 1930, the family bought 4-5 percent ocf the shares of the Chase Manhattan Bank,_ enough to control it. (For effective control of a corporation or a bank, it is by no means necessary for an individual or family to own 51 percent of the stock. Depending on circumstances-such as if the rest of the’* shares are owned by small,’ unre& lated holders; or ownership of blocks of stock by foundations, family or friends, etc.-as little as 3 percent is often sufficient for at least great influence, if not outright control.) The Rockefeller money is managed at one place-at 50 Rockefeller Plaza in New York City where the family investment group called Rockefeller and Associates handles a maze of trusts and bank accounts, 1with policy directives set by the brothers. J. Richardson, Dilworth, nephew of the former Philadelphia mayor, runs it, The Rockefeller family has vari0~1s surrogates like Dilworth that serve on boards where the family has some stake. Dilworth can be found on the board of directors of R.H. Macy’s and Chrysler Corp.,
million invested in oil companies. Exxon and Mobil are on the top of the list. If you throw in the huge blocks of stock held and controlled by the Chase Manhattan trust department, it comes to a total of 8.6 million shares of Exxon, almost 4 percent, and the largest chunk of stock in the world’s largest oil company. The Rockefeller family also shows a substantial presence in Mobil, Amoco, and Standard Oil of California.
Wall Street asland, they are not worth much among others. sumes that he is there to watch less-$160 million. over the Rockefeller money. Rockefeller Center Inc. owns all Of all the family enterprises, di- the so-called “new” land which rect control is most evident ,at borders on Sixth Avenue, a reRockefeller Center, ai complex of cently developed business district. skyscrapers in midtown ManhatThe company has also entered into but the. joint agreements for ownership tan. Nobody of stockholders-Nelson, John III, the buildings whose prime tenants David, Laurence and Abby, and include Time-Life, McGraw-Hill the heirs of Winthrop who died in and Celanese.‘ 1972, know its true value. EstiThe family’s string of tax exmates, however, are that the land empt foundations represent a large and the 21 buildings on it are worth pool of money, not only for philan$1 billion. thropies, but for ownership of Rockefeller Center is so imstocks. Thus, the Rockefeller mense that even the Rockefellers Foundation, which John D. III don’t own all of it. Columbia Unichaired for many years reported versity owns 510,000 square feet 1972 assets of $976.9 million and where the first fourteen buildings ’ about $362 million of it was invested in oil stocks. were built. This land was appraised in 1973 as worth $180.million. The Rockefeller Brothers Fund, where the family is heavily repThe buildings, however, on Columbia land are owned’ by resented on the board and Nelson is an honorary trustee, had $268 Rockefeller Center Inc. and while they are not worth as much as the million in assests in 1972 with $67 Eliot Feldman/Fifth
Besides Exxon, the .Rockefellers’ real-leverage is the Chase Manhattan Bank with total assets of $8.8 billion in 1973. Again, everyone knows the Rockefellers control it, but nobody can say precisely how much they own. Board chairman David Rockefeller, the only Rockefeller required to report his holdings, holds 337,,500 shares or about 1 percent. The Rockefeller Brothers Fund has another I48,OOO shares. Rockefeller University, a graduate study and research venter, holds 81,000. In 1964, when the House Banking Committee, chaired by Wright Patman, studied bank ownership, Rockefeller Center, which is wholly owned by the family, o,wned 86,200 shares. That has presumably doubled-through two stock splits in the years since. Control of the bank and its trust departments has the effect of multiplying the family’s financial power. Every major bank in the U.S. holds millions of shares in corporations in trust departments for their owners, most of whom give the banks the power to vote the shares and influence corporate management. Chase’s ptrust department, with the bank’s companion investment corporation, controls the single largest bloc of stock in United Airlines, Northwest Airlines, Long Island Lighting, Atlantic ‘Richfield Oil and National Airlines, to name a few. It holds important chunks of leading corporations-AT dz T, IBM, Avon Products and Safeway Stores. Major banks like Chase protest that their enormous holdings do not give them control over corporations and that they manage busi-
. -“I-- .-,
R; chcird N;xon
ness neutrally on behalf of anonymous donors. But it’s reasonable to assume that Chase would not commit its trust holdings to a management that they did not approve. To make it simple, here are the corporations represented on Chase’s board, either by their chief executive officer or their own board chairman: American Smelting, and Refining, Honeywell, Allied Chemical, General Foods, Hewlett-Packard, Exxon, Federated Department Stores, AT & T, Royal Dutch Petroleum (Shell), Burlington Industries, Equitable Life Insurance and Standard Oil of Indiana. These Chase executive officers also serve on the boards of many other well-known corporations.
III America’s commercial airlines represent one example of how the Chase Bank exerts industry-wide influence. According to a report compiled by the Civil Aeronautics Board, the bank holds about 12% of National, 9% of Northwest, 8% of United, 7% of Overseas National, 6% of TWA, 5% of Delta, 4% of Braniff and other lesser holdings. While Chase holds airline stock, the bank also lends a lot of money. Lending money gives big banks as well as insurance companies <more control over significant corporate decisions than stockholders have. In 1973, two Senate Government Operations subcommittees, jointly investigating corporate power, disclosed that fourteen airlines owed $274 million tom Chase. Pan Am alone owed $20.8 million, Continental $95.9 million. The Rockefeller interests are well represented van the boards of Equitable Life as well as a mutual company owned by its policy holders, but of course controlled by its directors. Equitable held notes worth $241 million from Pan Am, United, TWA, American and Eastern. When the Civil Aeronautics Board set up an advisory group on finance, Chase, Equitable, and Rockefeller and Associates each continued
on page 7
We’re proud to announce our referrals for early pregnancy are now being sent to -Metropolitan Detroit’s finest birth control center. It is a brand new facility designed specifically for the complete medical and emotional needs of woman undertaking a pregnancy termination. Constructed according to the standard4 and guidelines set forth by the Michigan Department ,of Public Health, over 4DOD square feet is devoted to patient comfort. Operating physicians are certified surgeons and 08 kYN’s. With over 15 years in’ private practice, , they are specialists in all phases of pregnancy interruption Patients are welcomed in an atmosphere of music and sheer elegance by a’carefully selected, skilled and sympathetic staff. All information is confidential. There are no building signs. We’re especially proud of the sit-up recovery room. Being a patient’s last stop, she will be served soft dtinks>and a snack at cafe-style tables. She’ll have a large mirrored vanity area with a marble make-up counter for last minute touch-up. feminine toiletries, telephone service for a call home, and a private exit foyer to meet her escort. Procedure fees are low Pregnancy tests are free. We invite you to call 7
OCT. 22 & 23 - 8pm. THE DYBBUK By S. Ansky The Manitoba Theatre Centre’s production of this powerfully moving , drama. A new version adapted and directed by John Hirsch. A mystical, timeless love story full of music, song, dance and ritual. . Humanities Theatre Admission $5.00, students $2.50 Central Box Office Ext. 2126
OCT. 29 - NOV. 2 SOMERSET MAUGHAM‘S
THE CIRCLE starring 9 DAWN
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from the Stratford Festival Company directed by Maurice Evans _Theatre of the ArtsAdmission $1.50, students $1 .OO Central Box Office Ext. 2126 Creative Arts Board, Federation of Students
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Competing in a marathon (26 miles, 385 yards) is no easy task. Doing it in less than two hours and twenty minutes is even less so. Twenty-six miles at just over five minutes per mile is a fast clip as anyone who has gone out and tried to run one mile at that pace would know. Last Saturday in the Oktoberfest Marathon held here on campustwo runners did just that. Running in tandem in front of the pack throughout the race, Tom Howard of Richmond, B.C. and Brian Arm-
strong of Toronto Olympic Club finished in 2:17.52 and 2:18.07 respectively. Howard’s victory did not come easy. The course which wound in and around north Waterloo, West Montrose and Conestoga is a fairly hilly one. Armstrong, who has a personal best for the distance of 2:13, attempted to pull away several times but each time Howard was able to react and stay with him. Armstrong’s inability to break Howard in mid race cost him the race. With three quarters of a mile to go Howard’s superior speed put him \ ahead for good. Bruce Kidd, winner in the 1962 Commonwealth Games Six Mile and who has been known more as a political actFist than as a distance runner of late, placed third with a credible time of 2:21.7. Kidd, running for the Toronto Olympic Club, was quite pleased with his time and must surely be eyeing the upcoming 76 Olympics in Montreal-if only just a little. Over a flatter course Kidd’s time would probably have been sub 2:20, not bad for his first marathon in five years. Gi,ving Kidd quite a challenge for third spot was Doug Scorrar of OttaQva who actually held that position most of the race. Ross Jackson from B.C. was fifth in 2:27.29. Arthur Taylor, last year’s winner ‘and former Warrior coach, finished in sixth place in 2:29.18. Competing for the Kitchener-Waterloo Track Club, Taylor easily won the Master’s division title, which is for runners 40 years and over. For all who finished the race -joggers and racers alike-the day was a success. Being fit enough to complete a marathon is 1 an achievement itself. -doug ward 5
-Rocky & friends continued
- Joel Andreas/NACLA/LNS
had a man on the nine’teen member board. The man from the Rockefeller family was Harper Woodward, director of Eastern and aqother of the Rockefeller surrogates. Eastern first took off in 1938 with the help of Laurence Rockefeller who also started McDonnell Aircraft. He still owns 49,000 shares. Chase holds 240,000. When Laurence couldn’t serve anymore, Woodward sat in for him on the Eastern board. Laurence is best known to the public as a conservationist, but most of his energy is spent investing in new projects. He owns all of
Eastern’s preferred stock (216,736) which he acquired 7 years ago when he sold the airline a majority interest in several luxury resorts which he developed -the Dorado Beach and the Cer: romar Beach in Puerto Rico, and the Mauna Kea in Hawaii. Eastern still owns the Puerto Rican hotels, but it sold Mauna Kea back to Laurence when it failed to win Civil Aeronautics approval for a Pacific air route to the island. In the deal, Eastern received a 40% interest in Rockresorts, properties valued at more than $100 million, developed and owned mostly by Laurence. At the Senate Rules Committee hearings on his ‘nomination as Nelson tried to vice-president, counter the wid.ely held beliefs about the extent of his family’s he said, “that power. “I hope,” the myth or misconception about the family’s control over the economy of this country will be totally brought out and exposed and dissipated.” But at least one senator, Robert Byrd, persisted in describing the family power as a “stranglehold” over ,the economy. Rejecting Rockefeller’s repeated assertion that his family’s empire is a “myth,” Byrd asked, “But can’t the influence is we agree tremendous-tremendous, colossal influence?”
photo by rob burbank
1’ \ I
The Warrior hockey team held its first skating session, last Wednesday, Oct. 9. The Warriors must fill the &ots left by Russ Ellio(, chrn Crosby, Doug ,CoIborn, Rob Madely, Jim Nickleson and a few nonregulars who won’t be playing this year due to graduation, moving or getting down to school work. There were seventy-one hopefuls, trying out for about nine positions, with a few more due to show up Thursday and Friday. Of that number, five have OHA> Major Junior “A” or university experience. The turnout was so great, over seventy hopefuls, possibly due to the fact that Waterloo has grown in prestige after last year’s C/AU championship, that coach Bob McKillop had to work his linesln shifts of one hour per seven lines on Thursday. On Thursday night, most of the cuts had been made. The team must be down to seventeen players, dressed for each game, plus four or five non-regulars, in case of injury, by Friday Oct. 25, when the Warriors play their first important exhibition game, here, against \ Laurier. \ ,
I’ ’ Radio Friday Midnight Ivan Zendal 7:00 Good Morning, Dave Ferrier 9:30 Music with Al Anderson 11:30 Gord Cowan 3:00 Flora Conroy 6~00 Peter Campbell & Roger Gartland -8:45 Guitar Player Magazine 9: 15 Bill *Wharrie Saturday Midnight Frank Collingham ~ 3:oo Music with Villem Teder 6:00 Recorded music 9:oo Rick Worsnop Noon Music, Michael Spaziani & Peter Ferguson _ 2:oo Ian Allen 4:oo Music with Sandy Yates ‘6:OO The Bod & The,Bird 8:OO Jim Waloram lo:oo Mark Perrin. Sunday Midnight Don Cruikshank 2:00 Sunday morning sounds with Stu Kemp 9:00 Music with Ron Raes i * lo:30 Thinking out loud lo:45 Classical music 11:OO Music & Musicians Radio M&cow _ 11:30 More Cla&ical music Noon Music with Dave Villeneuve
2:00 4:00 6:00 6: 15 830 / 9:00 .
Paul McDermott Music with Frank Bitonti Rest of the News Donna Rogers TBA Gord Woody, Steve Favell & Ted Fort Monday
Midnight Rick Armstrong - -Z:W Off .air 9:oo Ian Hanna 12:oo Music with Randy Cram 3:oo Music with Ken Turner 4:oo Classical music ’ 4:30 Mike Boyle & Tony Basinski 6130 Sports 7:oo Community services 7:15 Flora Conroy 7:30 Radio Waterloo News . 8:00 Music with Reid Robertson 9:oo An evening of everything with Brian, Ralph, Lewis, Tony ’ Tuesaay --I
2:00 10:00 5 Noon 2:00 4:00 6:00 7:30 8:00
Tim Paulin Morning music with Dean Purves Pat Ranney Music this week with Tom Smith Jack Langer Steve Cox Radio Waterloo News Rock and Roll Revival with
Rick Ullyot Paul Bennett, this week I’ll play rock fro’m England and Europe. at 11: 15, I Feature “YES” ’ \
Wednesday Midnight Mike Devillaer 2:00 Tom Bird, with very early morning music 4:oo Recorded music 7:oo Douglas Dumka 9:oo Bill Semple Noon More music a 2:oo Stu Goldie 4:oo Phil Rogers & Peter Good\ win 6:00 Bill Chaiton 7:30 Radio Waterloo News 8:00 Mike & Rick lo:oo Music until midnight with Brian O’Neill Thursday Midnight
-Music with Doug Maynes 2:oo Steven Fletcher &. Grey McCallum 9:oo Greg Farrar 11:OO Music Ken Turner Noon Rob Brown 3:oo Dave Clark i 6:00 News 6:15 BBC World Report 6:30 -Ken Turner 7:30 Ian Gollan ’ 9:30 David Slorgie
8 ’ the
- by Lucy
The Soviet Union is one of the few countries where of the Party they chose to ignore the need for the liberation of women. Undaunted by lack of support, International Women’s Day is not only a national holiday, /but widely celebrated. It was adopted along women continued to protest. “Women’s -Day,” in which two thousand people participated, was or. with major constitutional reforms as to women’s ganized in 1913 in St. Petersburg. It was not until 1914, rights after the 1917 revolution. Lenin made clear the shortly before the outbreak of World War I that the sentiments of the Bolshevik Party when he stated Communist Party took up the matter of women’s lib“except for Soviet Russia, there is&i& a country in the eration. Ramifications of party support ‘were the world in which there is complete equality between launching of two periodicals for working women and men and women.” the Russian celebration of the International Working Premier Kruschev demonstrated the perpetuation Women’s-Congress on March 8, 1914. of this ideal when in 1958, he alleged that “Soviet of women workers coincided women are held in great esteem.. .They have, not ) The first conference with the overthrow of the Provisional Government ,’ merely in words but also in fact, equal rights with men and the establishment of the Soviet Republic. The in all areas of social and political life, as well as in Revolution. of 1917 removed all the legal disabilities production.” It is true that legislation passed in 1918 to be rein- - that had placed women in an inferior posit.ion. The ‘Declaration of the Rights of the Toiling and Exploited ,forced$by the constitution of 1936 legally placed People,’ adopted by the Third all-Russian Congress of women on an equal basis to men. Evidence indicates, Soviets in January, 1918 was the first document of the however, that although legal female equality is well substantiated by such documents, in reality their Soviet state substantiating a position of political status is not comparable to that of men. e equality for women. In article 22 the equality of all citizens in the Soviet Republic regardless of sex, Overtly Communists proclaim adherence to the race, or nationality was proclaimed and article 64 Marxian concept that the first example of class oppression iSthat of the female by the male, caused by assured women the right to elect orto be elected to the the existence of private property. Therefore before Soviets on an equal footing with men. class inequality can be rectified, sexual equality must Women were now legally entitled to all the be achieved. privileges of being .a citizen, but such upholders of In conjunction with such ideals, the Soviet Govwomen’s liberation as Anna Kollontai realized that ernment sought to bring into being the ideas of the “z< .in practice, of course, they still lived under the family developed by Marx and Engels. Legislation old yoke: without authority in family life, enslaved by guaranteeing women equal status in all walks of life, a thousand menial household chores, bearing the including freer divorce and abortion laws, was passed whole burden of malernity, even the material to encourage the emancipation of woman from her cares.. .” As a result of Kollontai’sconcern and subordinate status and from household chores so that work, the first Congress of Women Workers and she would be able to become actively involved in Women Peasants was called in November, 1918. Such economic and political life. issues as child-care centres and household reforms Thus radical changes in the legal status of women were considered to implement the participation of ’ was a ramification of the overthrow-of the tsarisl women in the economy and politics. regime. It is evident, however, that the leaders of the Party Many of the stated objectives to aid in the emanciwere interested in/the emancipation of women as workers, not ‘for their own sake. Conversely, much pation of women, however, were not realized. For example, adequate childcare facilities and household stress was put on the idea that only. the victory of the working class would bring emancipation to women aids never materialized. Although women became inworkers. Witness-exerpts from-Lenin’s speech to the dispensible in the labour force they were never freed First All-Russian Congress of Working Women in from the arduous tasks of house work. They did not find an equal-place in the hierarchical structures of November, 1918. “. . .There can be no socialist revolution unless very many working woinen take part industry, education or politics. The higher the posido not enjoy full equality in any tion, the fewer the women is the rule.’ Women are’ in it. . .Women most often used in positions of labour. The great capitalist state. . .No other republic has so far been able to emancipate woman. . .Our cause is invincible Soviet emphasis on industrialization presupposed the strength of numbers. Women were thus-needed to because the invincible working class is rising in all augment the work force especially since so many Ruscountries. This movement signifies the spread of the sian men had been killed in the world wars. These invincible socialist revolution.” Thus women’s liber- factors indicate the real attitude towards women. ation was equatkd with socialism in order to gain the Soviet authorities were intrinsically less interested in strength of female numbers for the cause of the rethe emancipation of women than they were in achievvolution. ing utmost state production. In the era of Stalinization it was made more clear Before the revolution of 1905 absolute monarchy what role woman was to play in the building of Russian industrial society. Article 122 of the Constitution. precluded democratic elections to national offices and neither men nor women had voting rights. Thus of 1936 states: women did not fight for equal rights, but along with “Women in the USSR are accorded all equal men for rights. rights on an equal footing with men in all The manifesto of civil rights including the right to spheres of economic, government, political and form the State Duma, issued by Nicholas II on Ocother social and cultural activity, tober 17, 1905 to be followed by a law passed on The possibility of exercising these rights is enDecember 11, 1905 qoncerning-election to the ,Duma, sured by women being accorded the same rights enfranchised only men. As a result, women found it with men to work, payment for work, rest and necessary to fight for political equality. The&arose a leisure, social insurance and education, andmovement of women -who fought for equal voting also by state protection of the interests of rights. mother and child, state aid to mothers of large A petition, signed by five thousand women, was families and to unmarried mothers, maternity presented to the first State Duma but the State Duma 5 leave with full pay, and provision of a wide was disbanded before results were achieved. A siminetwork of maternity homes, nurseries, “ahd lar petition signed by seven thousand women was then kindergartens. ” \ presented-to the second State Duma which was also Practice, however, did not follow what was set down disbanded before action could be taken towards in law. In 1929, Stalin had already abolished the women’s rights. “Women’s liberation could take women’s section of the Central Committee of the place only as a result of the victory of a new social Party. Ideas on women’s liberation were viewed as order and a different economic system,” as Anna undesirable. A prime example of this view is Anna Kollontai, an active Communist Party member early Kollontai’s book which was published at this time, the understood it. manuscript of which has all areas supporting the cause The Russian suffragette movement was composed of women scratched out. mainly of the bourgeois class. Although members of the working class were not interested in the struggle of As one Moscow woman so aptly stated,“He wanted us to work hard to fulfil1 the Plans. But he kept women during the period 1906-1908, Kollontai was us in our placesnever appointed women to high politable to interest a few women workers in the cause of stated that “The further development of alf\forms of’ suffragism. This interest was manifested by the open- ical office. . .There was something strangely oriental socialist democracy, which is characteristic of life in ing of the first Women’s Club in 1907. . in Stalin’s attutude towards women.” the Soviet Union today, is certain to bring more In December, 1908 the first All-Russian Women’s Thus Stalin was aware that women were needed to women into participation in political life and governCongress was called by the bourgeois suffragettes. help create a great industrial nation and that the way ment,” has not become reality. The Russian Workers Party protested when the to keep women interested in this task was to give them I In spite of the fact that over fifty per cent of the women workers who participatedin the congress nominal equality. Yet he was careful that too much Russian population is female and that ninety-nine per emerged as an independent and distinct group. While freedom did not ensue. cent of the population go to the polls, a low percentage they desired the aid of women in furthering the goals The display of optimism by one Party member who of Party membership is female. In 1970 women consti-
tuted thirty-one percell reme Soviet and forty-fi local soviets. These kir utilized by Soviet offici; ity in the Soviet Union source of political powe Party and their role c3n and implementing policy The Party is built on
the deputies in the Supler cent of the deputies to If statistics are the proof s proof of political equalt the soviets are not the ley are dominated by the p?marily in carrying out :d by the Party. . ramid-type structure. At
the base are the deputies, the unquestioning tools of Party leadership wherein lies the vast majority of female membership. Among the sergeants, which form the lower Party apparatus, women constitute an insignificant minority. There are few women represented among the officers, which are responsible for cities and districts, regions and republics,- in accordance with directives from the Central Committee. The generals, which form the highest link of the Party,
the Central Committee, headed by the Politbureau from ‘household slavery’ through the transition from and the Secretariat, develop policy”and issue direcpetty individual housekeeping to a large-scale tives not subject to question. While of two-hundred socialized domestic service.” and thirty-four Central Committee members there are Collectivisation of farms should free women to hold seven women, the Politbureau and Secretariat are _ an equal place in the economy: Yet in the villages all completely void of female members. heavy manual labour is performed by women who These statistics in-dicate the inferior role that compose ninety per cent of the swineherds, poultry women are thrust-into in the Communist Party today. workers and tiilking personnel while men usually ocAlthough they have token positions, they have no part cupy the administrative positions. As Kruschev adin the actual running of the nation. Perhaps there-is in mitted, “It turns Out that it is the men who do the the Communist Party today much of the underestimaadministering atid the-women whodo the work.” tion of women and their bbilities that Lenin- noted in To go beyond industry and farming, the following 1920-in a conversation with Clara Zetkin. “Yes, instatistics indicate that women predominate in the deed, unfortunately it is still true to say of many of our lowest income brackets of all the professions. comrades ‘scratch a Communist and find a Philistine.’ Average National % of Of course, YOU must scratch the sensitive spot, their Women Jncome (rubles) mentalit) as regards women.” 112.0 Industry 47 It is not only in politics that stated objectives of Building 28 119.4 Communism have not been fulfilled: The importance Transport \ 24 115.5 of women in Soviet economy is primarily the result of Trade 74 82.2 a profound political, economic and social organizaEducation 72 96.4 tion under the Soviet regime. The combined circumsHealth85 82.2. tances of forced industrialization and the determination to maintain a high level of economic growth even Economic progress is dependent upon the development of an appropriately trained labour pool. Thus with the large numbers of men lost in the war, deterSoviet attitudes- towards the education of women inmined women’s integral part in the labour force. dicatesits view towards-their place in the economy. Theoretically the factory should liberate women The beginning of state education for girls came from family ties. The Bolsheviks emphasized this role ;nder Catherine II who wrote “A general statute for of modern industry which, as Marx said, “overturned the education of the youth of both sexes” in 1764. It the economical foundations on which wa’s based the was after 1829 that a statute of Nicholas I forbade girls traditional family and the family labour corresponding to enter district and provincial schools. Although-iimto it.” These ideals do not match reality,.however. portant developments in the education of women ocAlthough women represent more than half <he labour curred during the reign of Alexander II, only seconforce, they still maintain almost full household redary education was permissible. When women started spans-ibilities. Authors of the Moscow budget which is storming the doors. of the universities, University attache,d to the Central Committee of the Communist Rules were introduced in 1863 which barred their Party of the SoLiet Union discovered that housework entry. Many Russian women protested by going abtakes seven hours and twenty minutes or a second road to obtain higher education and when, in 1868, the working day. While men have eight hours of work, University d;f St. Petersburg was petitioned by several’ eight hours of free time and eight hours of sleep, groups to offer university instruction to women, posi-’ womeh have fourteen tb sixteen hours of work and six tive results ensued. In spite of the fact that courses to eight hours of sleep. -which were open to women were outside of the uniThere is a real ambivalen’ce on the,part of the govversity setting, on the eve of the revolution women ernment towards child-care centres. Although the constituted one-quarter of the higher edunumber of child-care centres has doubled since 1914, ‘la students% cation. there are accommodations for only about twenty-five The Bolshevik leaders felt that education was an per cent of the children from ages one to six. There are important tool iv the furthering of the revolution. To only the minimum necessary to keep a large proporget women out of the borne and into productive life of tion of women in the labour force. The quality of these the country it was necessary to educate them. Thus institutions is also of concern. Rather than sending after the revolution radical changes were effected in children to-them for the superior moral upbringing educational policy, guaranteeing access to higher which was to be inherent, many families send their education to both sexes. %,hildren only out of necessity preferring to keep them One of the ramifications of Stalin’s first five-year at home if at all possible. As has already been discusplan of 1928:1!%30 was an attack on illiteracy because sed,. since men do not see housekeeping as their job, women were gretitly needed in the labour force to aid wome’n in the labour force must bear the full load of the country in its scheme of industcialization. A detwo jobs. cree issued in February of 1929 required that thirty per As a result of being overworked women are less cent of enrollees at all secondary institutions and by able to give full input into their jobs. One author’has September of 1930, twenty-five per cent of admissions suggested that production-conscious managers disto higher educational institutions must be female. Belike to train working wives in skilled operations or to cause the draft drastically decreased the numb& of promote married women to positions of great responeligible men during World War II, by 1945, women sibility because women have less productive years to represented seventy-seven per cent of higher educaspend on a job due to child-rearing. Herein lies the tion. explanatioti as to why women usually hold lowerWith the return to a normal male-female ratio in skilled, lower paid jobs. student groups the proportion of women decreased Ironically, lower-skilled jobs usually involve slightly in specialized secondary education and heavier work. Soviet writer Larisa Kuznetsova cites greatly in higher education. Changes in admissions the following official figures which reflect the relaregulations tended to favour work experience and tionship of male and female labour in the building 0f military service which often disqualified women. the Saratov Hydro Electric Station. Consequently, women still predominate in such Men Women Manual Work, Low Pay 1 semi-professional occupations as laboratory techni17 119 Ditchdiggers cians, accountants and book-keepers, and in such 184 Plasterers 24 areas as medicine and teaching. These professions 156 Painters 21 tend to attract fewer men because they are low-paying Mechanized Work, High Payand their six hour shifts fit into the schedule of the Mechanics helpers housewife. on excavators 60 ’ 2 Perhaps the motive behind this betrayal of CornCoi%pressor Mechanics 25 1 munist ideals is economic. Women have less time and Crane Met hanics 142 10 energy left over from extra household responsibilities, therefore it is logical to assume that men can From these statistics it is evident that industry has not give the greatest productii/ity. emancipated women by forcing them into the workCogtrary to’proclamations at the beginning of the force, but has further enslaved them by doubling their Communist’regime, women have not achieved equalwork burden. ity in Russian society. They have been given only In conjunction with state industrialization, Lenin token participation in the governmental workin s of maintained that the abolition of the private ownership the country and have inherited the lower-ski Eiled, of land was the only iyay for real emancipation to heavier jobs. They are-still obliged to carry the extra occur. He felt that small-scale farming enslaved responsibility that-housework entails. It seems that women to individual households and their husbands. female potential has been exploited only inasmuch as L‘ . . . the abolition of the private ownership of land and they have been able to-contribute to the total producthe factories. . .op&s up the way towards a complete tion of the ndtion with little consideration being given and actual emancipation of woman, her liberation to their well-being.
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The Stratford Theatre has been which is necessary to a positive termed a “world-renowned mecca theatrical experience.‘ Instead one of cultural activity”. Any procrasmay be left, as I was at a tinating drama buff who has put off denouement last week with a nagmaking the annual pilgrimage will ging curiosity as to just what merit be relieved to know that it is not yet badges the Brownie pack members too late. Three of the four Festival seated in front of me hoped to gain from their slightly meretricious Theatre plays-Love’s Labour Lost, King John, and The Imagitheatrical debuts. ’ nary Invalid continue through next The question and answer period week to complete their 1974 run. at the j play’s end by - conducted There are both advantages and members of the company tends to, disadvantages to going to Stratford further detract from the magicof the this late in the season. The greatest drama, though potentially it can be advantage is the relative cheapamusing and informative. ness of tickets. This results from the Of the three plays, the Shakesfact that the presentations (all peare offerings, Love’s Labour matinees with the exception of Lost and the evocative, seldomWednesday and Saturday evening mounted King John, have much to productions, which follow the sumrecommend them. The ephemeral mer scale of prices), are designed mirth of Moliere’s The Imaginary -primarily for school and group audiInvalid can be prescribed for anyences, and are consequently highly one suffering from a surfeit of medsubsidized by a government inical misanthropy. Personally, I terested in creating a generation of found its dependence on stage ardent and affluent play-goers. AS a business and off-colour allusions consequence, the “best” seats in --distastefully predictable before the house, which ordinarily would long. Certainly it doe’s not measure cost $10.00, can be purchased for a up to the fevef of Moliere’s Tarmere $3.50. Howevercaveat truffe, which the fortunate will reemptor. The “best” seats are so member from several seasons rated by a “snobissimo” which - back. Just the same, it has proved equates proximity to the stage with very popular with audiences at desirability of location. They are, in home and abroad and is probably j fact too close to the action to allow a worth a viewing, if only for its condetached perspective of the whole sumate display of professionalism. play. Better’to display a sense of A round trip bus ticket to Stratford economy and get a better view with can be obtained from Gray Coach a cheaper side balcony seat. Since for $3.00. Thus, one can supplethere is usually an abundance of / ment (recover from?) the past unsold tickets, the choice is very fortnight’s fare with a dose of fine much your own. theatre for a mere $4.50, transporThe main disadvantage lies in the tation and admission included. fact that the attention-span of the j“school audiences” is egregiously, ’ Times: if understandably, less developed Love’s Labour Lost: Oct. than that of their more “sophisti19, Oct. 21 and Oct. 24 at cated” elders. Though the mes2:OOpm. merized and enthralled> aspects of King John: Oct. 23 at 8:30 the latter may in some cases be (higher prices in effect) and accountable to external factors (the Oct. 26 at 2:OOpm. theatre is licensed in summer; now The Imaginary Invalid: drinks are only available for evenOct. 19 and Oct. 26 at ing, performances), the point re8:30pm. Also Oct. 22, 23, mains- that fidgetine,ss of the and 25 at 2:OOpm. _ younger cultural elite can effectively-preclude the emergence of that elusive audience-actor rapport -j. sc hneider
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/ (.I 13 .
This upcoming week is important to the intramural program as it makes the transition from fall programming to preparation for the winter events. I Monday, October 21 is the final-entry date for the Co-ed Broomball teams, and Recreational Men’s Ice hockey teams. The Engineering Challenge Run begins at Seagram’s Stadium at 9:30 a.m. next Saturday, October 19. Be sure to get your team entries in by Friday the 18th. The course is approximately 3 mile long.
For the 1 st time A & B divisions were used to equatize competition. Sixteen “A” and 31 “B” players competed in a single elimination with acbnsolation through two cold nights of Play. . The quality of the tennis was much improved as two-time champion, Karl Culik was eliminated in earlier rounds and failed to advance to the final draw of 8. In “A” flight,Leung (Sci) defeated Porter (Arts, 6-1, 6-2 and Reid (Faculty) defeated ,Tyml (Upper Eng) (6-3, 4-O) in Semi Final play. In the final match, the lead changed hand many times, with excellent court play, many double and triple’douce matches. However, Bonny Leung superb shot making enabled him to eek out a 7-5, 7-5 win over Brooks Reid in one of the finest tennis matches ever played in Intramurals. In the “B” Division, it was an all St. Jeromes final as Ken Forgeron battled,Mike Bak to a (3-1, i-3,3-2) win.
About 20 competitors entered ‘the twice postponed and finally held Little Olympics Track and Field Meet. St Jeromes emerged victorious in the team competition, but were given a good run by the St. Paul’s contingent. -Event 100 Metres 400 Metre 800 Metre 1500 Metre 5000 Metre 4x100 Relay ’ 1 IO Hurdles Long Jump High Jump Triple Jump Pole Vault S hotput Discus Discus (Girls) Javelin Javelin (Girls) Shotput Shotput (Girls)
Time/ Previous DistancqRecord
Jim Torbet 12.1 11.6 Matt Wever 58.9 55.4 R.S.Corrigan 2:23:4 205.4 Dave Dolson 4:54:1 ’ Schultz 24:11X 15:29.6 St. Jeromes A 49.8 ’ 47.1 Rod Huszar 19.2 15.7 Gary Raymond 19’3” 20’7” Illingsworth 5’4” 6’314” Gary Raymond 38’3” 42’2.5” Labbe 9’ 10’7” Cook lllingsworth 112’4” 127’6” Gobbot Dabrowski
teams this term and they gyms on Thursday nights.
* 21 :Ol on the white course (1.5 km) in the wayfarers category and Rudy Ziegler tied for second in 51:20 on the yellow course Gvmnastics a ~~-(3.5 km) for boys 14 and under. . Gymnastics is now going. Anyone in-It was a lovely day for a run in the woods, terested in enjoyable gymnastics experibut we always take a little more care on the ence. Special time has been set aside for ,, limestones of the escarpment to prevent those who are interested. twisted ankles, etc. Not more than 10% of Tuesdays and Thursdays 5:00-7:00 pm. our run time is spent on the comparatively Sundays 7:00-9:45 pm. easy footing of the Bruce Trail itself. MapCome out and join in the fun! reading ability is challenged by the numer‘ous detail of rock faces and scarps, depreCurling Club ssions and knolls which we must navigate to reach our control locations. Recreational leagues will be held on MonThe Guelph meet on October 27 will be day and Thursday afternoons at the held on similar terrain. Newcomers are en-. Kitchener-Waterloo Granite Club. couraged for this meet and no preregistraStarting Dates: Monday, October 12 and tion is required. Thursday, October 17, 1974. Times: 4:00 - 6:00 pm. Upcoming Events Location: Corner of Agnes and Park Streets. 1. Engineering Challenge Run - SaturFee: ($7.50 per term) Due to a recent inday, October 19 at 1O:OO am. (Individual or crease in fee by the Granite Club, our club 5 man teams, 2-3 mile Cross Country run fee is now $7.50 per term, payable when across Waterloo Park. you start. 2. Badminton Singles - Entry date is FriEquipment: A clean pair of shoes suitable day, October 25, Tournament date is Tuesfor use on ice. day, October 29 and November 5. The preExperience: Not necessary, instruction is liminary rounds are at 7:30 in the Gym PAC. available. The club membership is open to There are A & B levels single elimination anyone who has paid their IM athletic fees. with a consolation. Do come out and have a good time every Monday or Thursday or both. 3. SquaSh Singles - Entry Date is Friday, For more information, contact Bob Jerrard November 1, Tournament Date is Monday, at 884-6647 or Pat Munroe at 885-O&9. November 4 and Friday, November 15. Tournament starts at 7:00 pm. to IO:30 pm. Men’s Varsity Curling in the squash courts in the PAC, there are A.B.C. of ability single elimination with a October 24 at 1 OiOO pm. at the K-W Granite consolation. _ Club. All interested curlers should attend this meeting.
Broomball and Recreational Hockey: Monday, October 21, 1974, in the Intramural Office.
OrientZxing The Waterloo Wanderers had a turnout of 6 members and 3 others for-the Hamilton Kings Foresters meet held near Crawford Lake (Campbellville) last Sunday. On the orange course, 4.5 km as the crow flies, Steve Wilson took first in the men’s category with a time of 87.50 min., Dayle Vraets was first in the women’s B category, also on the orange course, with a time just 4 seconds slower. Les Roberts and Dana Fox paired up to finish first at
4. Mixed Curling day, October 25, week of November ing Club from 900 3 games per team tion, 6-8 ends.
- The entry date is Frithe tourney starts the 1 at the Glenbriar Curlto 5:00 pm. There will be with equalized’competi-
4. Coed Swim Meet - Entry Date is Friday, November 15, the tournament is on Saturday; November 16 from I:00 - 5:00 pm. in the pool (PAC), there will be a variety of events from individuals to relay novelty to , co-ed. Instructional Skating begins on Tuesday, October 22 and will run for the 3 weeks following. Tuesdays at McCormick arena from I:30 - 3:00 pm. and Thursdays at Waterloo arena from 1:30 to 3:00 pm. If you can’t skate, or can but want a bit of instruction to better yourself, come on out so you don’t miss out on this whole winter.
League Al 1. St. Jeromes 2. Conrad Grebel‘ 2. VI South 2. VI North.
W L T 500 3-20 320 320
TP‘. 10 6 6 6
League A2 1. Grapplers 1. Kinesiology 3. Poontangs 3. 3B Mech Eng
410 400 310’ 320
League Bl 1. VI East 2. V2 South 3. 3B Chem 4. C.C.F.U.
400 410 320 221
8 8 6 5
. 310 310 210 121
6 6 4 3
League 82 ’ I. Optometry 1. Glory Seekers 3. Lower Eng . 5. Reg. Math
8 8 6 6
League Al Good Guys Bermuda Bombers Can. Connection Carribean Stud. Chinese Students
WLT 300 3-10 201 040 0 4 0
TP 6 6 5 0 0
League A2 Greek Students Co-op Math Systems United Glory Seekers Civil Barbarians
311 300 310 220 040
7 6 6 4 0
League A3 St. Jeromes A VI South Renison Degenerates Conrad Grebel
202 211 221 131 031
6 5 5 3 1
League Bl Lower Engineering E.S.S. C.C.C.P. VI North St. Pauls
201 210 110 120 021
5 4 2 2 1
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Unitarian fellowships offer an _ opportunity for people to get together and talk freely about the human condition and the meaning of ethics. A Unitarian fellowship has existed in this community for many years. It meets Sunday mornings at 1l:OO a.m., at 136 Allen St., East, Waterloo (at the corner of Allen and Moore not far from the centre of the city). Subjbct for this Sunday:
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fe-edbac k writer. Address all letters to Chevron, Campus Centre. on a 32 or a 64 character spaced. A pseudonym may are provided with the real
Who f cares
In the past, the Chevron has been an excellent source of weekly information on this campus as well as providing knowledge and thorough coverage of important events throughout the world. Last week’s refusal to include sports in the Chevron seems to,indicate that the Chevron staff is no longer interested in providing the people with what they want to read. Believe it or not, students are interested
events on campus and knowing which ones they can become involved in: Sports news provides a refreshing, relaxing break from “optometry scandals” and “high interest rates.” Were not Mr. Epstein’s sporting re-
ports adequate as well as being entertaining? Your statemknt “We .aren’t in‘terested in such things; referring to sport news, seems very self centred and not the type of statement one would ‘expect from a newspaper staff. I do hope you continue once again to include sports In your paper. I feel it could only add to the quality of the Chevron and return it to the quality newspaper it once was; encompassing a wide range of events. Yours truly, Peter Quevillon i Tournament Coordinator This may come as a surprise to you but there were only two other persons, besides yourself, that complaine_d about the lack of sports in last weeks paper. One of the complaints came from Peter Hopkins the intramural director and the other from the HKLS representative on student council. In fact we have had more compliments than criticisms on dropping the sports, so judging from that if we really were interested in giving the people what they w,anted, the sports would definitly go. However, the chevron staff does See a need for sports reporting, especially’ the intramural reports, however, there is a lot of work involved in producing a sports page and there is no one on staff who has the time or interest to do it. It must be pointed out that this paper is largely produced by volunteers and volunteers only volunteer for what they are interested in. So far no one has volunteered to spend some time down here, who is interested’in sports. The chevron staff is more than willing to teach people how to lay out the sports copy, size pictures and figure heds, rdut we need the people to teach: Although we read your letter_ several times, we failed to notice any offer of help; or did we? lettitor
White bias t
Several times in the past week since Louis Cameron spoke in crowded EL 101 I have encountered some bad feedback about his talk. Students have mentioned - Louis’ inarticulate English and poor logic. I got the impression that many young white Canadians at UW felt that this was just qnother dumb Indian making the usual ass of himself. . Why is it that Canadians always think that people who are not comfortable in english usage are stupid. Are these same Canadians articulate in Ojibway, Italian, German, or Chihese? Canadians seem to have a built that classifies in prejudice non-english speaking people as not worth listening to even when those people pay us the courtesy of trying to speak to us in our own language, not theirs. Personally I felt Cameron should have spoken in Ojibway -with a
the Editor, Please type line, doublebe run if we name of the
white Canadian translating so that we could get ang_ry at the translator for being inarticulate and perhaps angry at ourselves for our lack of understanding. * I feel-it is a sign of our own imperialism that tie force even those who are standing up for their own rights and identity to speak in another man’s tongue, ours. Bill Sparks Global Community Centre.
On seeking After
loss to 3B Civie Slickers 2-O (a controversy people are still talking about), the Glory Seeker’s coach and part-time quarterback, Bowlegged Bowins quipped,“We won the game but sure as hell didn’t beat any body.” The following week, crowd antispation reached a feverish pitch as 9,200 rabid seasons ticket holders jammed the sidelines to see the Arts squad, ranked 4th in the nation, take on the underdogs, True to form, at the pregame ceremony, the captain of the Arts team released their mascot (a giant red ballon pumped by you-knowwhat hot gas) at midfield as the entire football club stood at attention. What happened after that went down in football annals as the bitterest
expefienced; a 20-O humiliation. It-. was almost as if they were the very putty in the hands of the defensive front four Glory Seeker goon squad. Collectively, Mad -Dog Mousseau, Limb-Stripper Lubgans, Brad (the Tree) Beech, and Stone Hands Ayres pawed, mauled and battered the Arts offence to a standstill. This set the stage for the next scintillating spectacle; possibly the best exhibition of sterling football ever to grace the muddy pastures of Village Green. Stadium personnel who tacked on 12,000 additional seats to accommodate an anticipated, record-breaking crowd, had no troirble filling vacancies, but had to&-n away fans at the gate.From the start of the contest, for the Glory Seekers it appeared to be strictly no contest. The Science quarterback after losing 12-Or/at the half, mumbled somewhat disconcertedly,“It’s .a question of survival out there.” Barry (Boarhog) Ross’ touchdown interception as well as Flash (in the Pan) Glan~ill~s legwork and mid- , ,dlelinebacker Pete (McPete) Meharg’s defensive maneuvers, helped turn the win into a 20-O rout. Honourable mention and recogn-’ tion as “Glory Seeker of the Week” goes to Dean (Dino) Orlando who grabbed two big T.D.‘s in the first half. Number one ranked team Optometry in so-called League 82 is the next obstacle en route to the Glorj/ Seekers’ dizzying pinnacle of success. One press agent reportedly overheard the Optometry coach as saying,“At the first sign of dirty tactics by those goddamned Glory Seekers, I’m pulling my team off the field”. Humphy Dumpty
The failurk to Grit% is a friendly, intel!ige?t ten learn some things through the year old boy. He is devoted to his usual teaching methods. Often this family and works hard in school. means that they never learn to He knows, though, that his classread or write, which is a severe mates think he’s stupid because-he 1 handicap indeed in modern so&falls off his bike and can’t tie his ety. What causes a learning bisabilshoelaces. They sometimes laugh at his attempts td read and write. ‘ity? ‘Sometimes a difficult birth, Grant used to have tantrums bemild brain damage, a serious illcause he was so unhappy about ness or allergy, o?,an upset in the himself but lately this has changed. body chemistry. Whichever the He knows now that he is not stupid, cause, the result is a child who is He has a learning disability that frcistrated, confused and unhappy. letters makes it very difficult for him to The child may reverse learn the way other children do. It -read “saw” for “was”, or may not recognize familiar words if they are makes him clumsy and forgetful. printed larger or in a different col)Now Grant is going to special clasour ink. These children may forget ses which use techniques, dethings as soon as they learn them. signed specifically for learning disThey may be overexcitable, noisy abled children. Grant and his famand destructive, and are often ily hope that he will be able to finish and are ‘his education and maybe even go labelled “bad” ,or “lazy” often punished. on to university. Life is much hapIf these children are lucky their pier around Grant’s house these parents, teacher or doctor will see days. beyond these faults and underGrant and his family receive help from A.C.L.D., the Association for stand the reasons for their failure to learn. She can take part in a Children .with Learning Disabilities. program specially designed to This is an organization dedicated overcome her disability. Unfortu1~ to improving tlie lives‘,of learning disabled children and their families nately, many children must wait years before their pioblems are through the co-operation of pardiagnosed correctly. The result of ents, teachers, doctors and others years of frustration and failure can who. work with children. The lead to emotional problems for Kitchener-Waterloo chapter of these children as well. Their ACLD has arranged a program designed to publicize Learning D‘is- families, too, suffer great stress. \ abilities Week, October 21 to 27. Thig is why ACLD feels that it is impor’tant to diagnose learning disAbout ten percent of all children, abled children early, bbfore they from all types o’f families, have feel like giving up, on themselves some form of a learning disability. These are normal children in every and the world. The children and way. They are simply unable to their families benefit from the ser-
vices and mutual encouragement offered by ACLD. What kind of treatment is available to the learning disabled child? Some children are. treated chiefly by me Ldication given under close-” medical supervision. Some receive special education and some require both. The separate and public school boardsof Waterloo County provide diagnostic services and special education clas$es for children in their schools. There are still not enough classes for all the children needing help, and sometimes it seems that the teachers are not aware of the facts about learning disabilities. But the situation is improving. At present there are about fifteen classes for the learning disabled. In each class six to eight pupils are taught by specially -trained teachers. The pupils are encouraged to wove jnto “regular” classes for their &dies as they develop the basic skills required. Many children <“graduate-” from special classes in one or two years. At the K-W Hospital there is a Learning and Development Clinic which provides diagnostic facilities for learning disabled children and their families. Similar services are available in London and Toronto. ACLD has a number of programs, too. Of course, its most important function is to provide a meeting ground for people who are involved with children who have a learning disability. In particular, the parents. They are able to work together to improve their understanding and acceptance of their child’s problems. They develop programs to assist their children’s progress. Every Saturday morning in the Fall and Winter there-is a Gross Motor Skills Gym. Here the children with poor co-ordination work with student volunteers at such things as skipping and hopscotch, obstacle courses, balancing and group games. The children are encouraged to map their own progress in achieving greater muscle control. A Learn-to-Skate Class and Softball Skills Clinic help the children develop co-ordination a@ give them the confidence needed to join in neighbourhood games without fear of teasing. For Teenagers. there isa Social Enrichment Program. They go bowling, to movies, and other public events. These activities increase their independence and develop social skills which are difficult to adquire after years of isolation and dependence on their families. Kitchener-Waterloo ACLD is excited about the key event of L;earning Disabilities Week in Waterloo County. All interested people are urged to hear Dr. William A. Haw4e, who is the President of the Ontario ACLD, Professor of Pediatrics at the University of Toronto and Director of the Department of Devgtopmental Medicine at Sick Children’s Hospital. Dr. Hawke will speak twice on Wednesday, Octotjer 23. At 4:00 rjrn he will be at the Kitchener Public Library Auditorium to talk to people who work with children and adolescents. This talk will be “Learhing disabilities and their social and emotional aspects”. At 8:00 pm Wednesday night Dr. Hawke will speak to an audience of all interested people, particularly par-
ents, at the Waterloo Public Library Meeting Room. His topic for- the evening is “A critical look at learning disabilities”. Both talks will be important to anyone who thinks they may know a child with a learning disability. Also during Learning Disabilities Week there will be TV news coverage on “Ladies Fare”, October 22 on CKCO-TV, book displays at both Kitchener and Waterloo Publit Libraries and an information booth at St. Mary’s Hospital’s 50th anniversary display, October 22 to 24. In the &hools, teachers will be able to learn about ACLD and its involvement with children suffering learning disabilities during their professional development days. (Friday, October 25 for separate ‘x
(CUP). The chevron is and published by the federation of stude,nts incorporated, university of Waterloo. Cont‘en’t is the sole responsibility of the chevron editorial staff. Offices are located in the campus centre; (519) 8851660, or university local-‘2331.
Canadian by dumont
schools and Monday, October ?8 for public schools.) The Kitchener-Waterloo Association for Children with Learning Disabilities hopes that during this special week people will develop an understanding for the problems faced by children with learning disabilities, and by the parents and professionals who are trying to help them. We particularly hope that this week will result in the diagnosis and treatment of troubled children whose problems have been a “puzzle”up to riow. If you want to learn more about ACLD or learning disabilities or programs available in your community, please c&l 576-4735 or 578-8072. ,-iynne vickers
university press press graphix
We are still waiting for the great influx of latent talent that may be on this campus somewhere to come flowing down to our offices. However,. we all aren’t holding our breath lfor the masses to appear. It can get quite lonely putting out a paper for the’ students with only a handful of people helping. The pizza we ordered, had pieces left over after everyone had more than one piece and that is quite a change’from the times when you had to stand in lihe just to get one piece of three large pizzas that were ordered. Not that we want to judge journalism by pizzas, because that would be like judging council by fried chickens. production this w&k was handled and mangled by the followjng collection of persons, doug ward, julie Schneider, lynne vickers,qdavid cubberly, mike gordon, rob Williams and rob burbank, ron colpitts, john morris neil dunning, jay robetts and various other unsung heroes of fantasy land. nrh.
Additions _--~ to the-Voters’ List for Municipal Ekctions be done-- by the following people: .f /
Village .I & II- .-. . . . . . . . . . .Dons Minota Hagey . . .-:.. . . -. .Lorraine Shapiro ,-
St. Paul’s - . .
Michael Conrad Grebel Labbe 8845767 \ -Renison . . . . .‘.I. . . . .Bruce Wbqdrow
.Dave Carey , 884-8703
. .Kevin MacKay 884-6920
St. Jerome’s College -’ & Notre Dame ’ WCRI.
. . . .Chuck Reid 884-0499 n
. .-Off-Campus. 1
Students who live,off campus in the City of Waterloo and were not enumerated for the December 2. Municipal. : Elections can have -- their names placed on ttie Voter’s List ,-.- by filling out a form at The Federation of Students’ office:
from 830 am to-4:30 pm-, Monday to Friday,, Oct. 14 to Oct. 31. ’ -
FederatiOn of Students