-Renato Ciolfi, the chevron
Freezing temperatures and s~bw, did not stop over 1006 Canadian-ukrainidn students and workers .fi-om going to Ottawa and protest- & front of the USSR embassy,Over 30 uniwat students of Ukrainian background took part in the protest march. The purpose oj‘the demonstration \ was to protest the illegal trials that have been taking place in the Ukraine. See stories on pages 3 and 6.
P&g& captures With ’ more than twice the votes of his nearest rival, Rick Page emerged as presidentelect in last Wednesday’s election for federation presideiit. Page, currently vice-president under Larry- Burko, polled 957 of the 2,761 ballots cast-34.7 percent of the total. Walter Horsley finished second with 431, followed by- Carl Sulliman with 414 and Brian Duffy with 352. Despite the large number of candidates and the vigorous campaigning displayed, there was, only a 23 percent turnout. After Duffy , Luke Aujame, Paul Lawson, John Hull, Lou Mangone and Jim Chisholm finishedin that order. Page topped all the constituencies except engineering and St. Jeromes, where Horsley received his strongest support, and Renison, where Sulliman received half of the votes. “I ,really enjoyed working on the campaign,” Page commented Wednesday night, “I met a lot of people and learned a lot.” He said he found students in residence disenchanted with raising rents and intends to set up a standing committee on it. “I hope to establish better communication between council and the residences,” Page added, “and make the situation on campus clearer to the students.” Horsley expressed hope that Page will revamp the federation and said he will remain politically involved. Sulliman said he hopes that .a11 the students who voted for Page will continue to back him because he believes in a strong federation. He said he will be seeking nomination as an arts rep .on council.
of votes CCM
Hull made the following statement: “I’m really glad Rick got in., I hope he does a good job. I’ll be around to offer my services if he needs thme. I hope that students don’t criticize him too harshly. If they think some-
things wrong they should go and talk to him, not slander him behind his back.” Young socialist candidate Chisholm said that it was “unfortunate that the person who won would not present a challenge to the
students and try to improve the university. ” He said the young socialists plan to run candidates in the upcoming council elections. Aujame was incorrectly identified as a member of the young socialists in last week’s Chevron.
It remains to be seen whether last monday night’s talk-a-thon between Kitchener city-councillors and communalists will result in positive steps to respect the rights of people whose lifestyle is a departure from the current norm. About three hundred partici‘pants of a discussion concerning the communal philosophy are still not sure as to what steps will be taken for or against them by council -to resolve the dispute prompted by the mayor’s anticommune stand. The mayor again declined to retract his remarks concerning commune pollution at -the meeting, though stating it was not the lifestyle itself he was opposed to. The crowd was split into severa1 smaller groups, each including a councillor, to hash out the issues relevant to the problem.
a mixed sueleast an op-
portunity to find out where each alderman stands on the explosive issue of civic tolerance for the communal lifestyle. The groups varied widely in tone and intensity as communalists tried to explain why they considered their lifestyle a more desirable alternative. The meeting featured free popcorn and suckers supplied by a communalist-“Popcorn to the p&ple,
threatened to break up into a party at one point until another communalist expressed fear that “the higher we raise our spirits the less we know is going to be done. I’m afraid for my home.” Concerning the city’s housing standards and zoning bylaws, one man said, “I find basements very comfortable. ”
Chevron questionnaire? In this issue, the chevron, in cooperation with the students of history 224, presents a questionnaire dealing with the economic and educational resources affecting students. Student attitudes to current problems of unemployment and increasing costs are being sought. We invite all students to fill out the sheet on pages 7 and 8. Results will be published in the near future. ,
Alderman Honsberger and planner Bill Thompson suggested a need for flexibility on the part of the city in dealing with communes under existing bylaws. Present -zoning bylaws prohibit more than five people not related by blood living together in a single-family dwelling unit. The limit in Waterloo is three people.Thompson said “the city is created for everyone - communes are allowed and will always be allowed in the city. The law may be wrong -so we’ll change it.” A delegation of communalists will attend the next meeting of the planning board. Thompson said Kitchener should take the lead in solving the commune problem and set an example for the province. Mayor Mclennan was unavailable for comment, as he had left early. Some left the meeting feeling cautiously optimistic. Others felt the whole issue was symptomatic of a sick national mentality and that nothing constructive would come out of the meeting. As discussion ran out of steam,, one well-known communalist Larry Burko gave his analysis that it was “all a lot of crap and useless to even talk about it.”
wants strider more- use. in -centef*
controls, Following the concern over the campus centre early in december, administration president Burt Mitthews established the campus center study committee to consider matters related to the center. The committee was asked to: l review and make recommendations on the over-all philosophy of the campus center and its functions in relation to students (undergraduate and graduate), staff and faculty. l review the policy, operation and administration of the campus- center and mhke recommendations in regard to any changes that may be necessary or desirable. l present a report by february 15,197l. On thursday night, the CCSC met in open forum in the theater of the arts. Despite a relatively low attendance of both faculty and students, there were a var-
Student screwed for buying from ad board Bulletin board buying is often a good way of getting things cheaply but let this be a warning to all U. of W. board browsers. Last week a typical student from a typical residence was finally’ acquitted on charges of possessing stolen goods-bought from none other than a typical Waterloo bulletin board, the kind you see and read every day. ’ ’ This. typical student had pur-
iety -of ideas and criticisms about the center. The use of the campus’ center lounge was the main issue under controversy at the meeting. Who uses the lounge and for what purposes? According to ’ students present at the meeting, it is just a dropin cent& for high-school students and the non-square type of university students who use it as a drug and sex center. By the same hand it is looked down upon by the squares of the university1 How the ,center should be cleaned and kept clean was also discussed. One foreign student preserited his opinion of the campus center as a poor offering to ahyone who has travelled hundreds of miles to get an education. The suggestion of more authorities in control of the building was made.
chased a typewriter through an advertisement posted on a Uniwat bulletin board and was later charged by police. After $200 worth of unwanted hassles the law decided he had not stolen the typewriter,and he was acquitted. The moral of this story is: if you buy from bulletin boards be sure that you erase all identifiable marks on purchase immediately after the transaction.
The first poster contest since the -eigth grtide
Also mentioned were sDecific closing hours. A member of the faculty added that a committee should be en-’ dorsed and cowose of at least one member from each faculty. With this idea the- prof added the campus center should have a balance of users for different purposes, and that the committee should be permanent in its rule. It was made clear at the me&ing, the campus center is a two million dollar building that functions mainly as a sloppy lounge. Some of the proposed answers, to its problems were more recreational facilities, more activities, more authority and stricter conditions. A questionnaire w&s recently given out to determine just how the campus center can be made a better place. With co-operation by those questioned it is hoped that successful results will follow. 1
For all the students who like under the supervision of coun_selling services of the university. to solire the cross-word puzzles, masthead quotations and other Posters need only have the various contests which come up general idea of the rap room and occasionally on campus, here is where it is (campus centcr, open another one. all the time). They can be as elaborate or as simple as is deThe rap room has announced sired. Any materials, easily rea prize of $25 to the person who producable can be used, colours can produce the most suitable or black and white. and original rap room poster. The deadline for the masterThe rap room (for those of you pieces is february 25 at 5 p.m. who are so busy entering con- and Sue Coxwell from counselling tests that/you don’t know what it services (6th floor, math buildis), *performs the’ function of a ing) will accept the entries. sympathetic and helpful aid to Rap room volunteers will deall student problems. It is serviced entirely by students and cide the winner.
9AM ~0 2/4iM DAILY-
Le.ctur e series idI sponsor Canada talks Much interest has been expressed recently by students who wish to see more Canadian-oriented courses offered at. university level. This year there have been several historical and contemporary courses dealing with Canada, nationalization, and the americanization of the country. A group of students on campus interested in the question of Canadian economics and cultural nationalism began to take this first&&&p further, and are in the
This weok on campus IS a free column for the announcement of meetings. spectal seminars or speakers, social events and other happenings on campus-student, faculty or staff. See the chevron secretary or call extension 3443 De;dljne is tuesday afternoons by 3 p.m. _ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~.~~.~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~.~~~~~~ _ /,.::......:.~<<~~~~:.:+z. ....A.. <*. .I...<+,A _..,. ,.c,,.: I/, ..*‘..
process of forming a Canadian lecture series. Financed by donations from the student federation and several campus societies they hope to bring to campus throughout this year a series of six speak! ers. Among those being asked to come are Mel Watkins, Peter Neumann, Farley Mowat, Robin Matthews, George Grant and Stewart McClelland. , Further informatibn on this series will be printed ai it develops.
for Toronto Movies
ence society. SATURDAY MISSING
742 the Chevron
9 p.m. combatlves.
by Physics club and Sci1: 30 p. m. P 145. Free admission.
Duplicate bridge. Everyone Entry fee is 50~. 7 p.m. SS lounge.
Group 7:30 Chap-
Gold chain and gold religious metal humanities or Renison College area. ward if found. Contact Harvey 579-6123.
call Arthur immediately
to: The Chevron,
belts. 9 p.m. combatives. 8 p.m. Arts Theatre.
May I-Aug Lakeshore per month.
part ,owner live at co-op
Furnished double room 5 minutes from university. and bath. Phone 578-9696.
of a corporathis summer.
A vacancy has occurred for a young gentleman in a 5 room apartment, to share with 3 others. Parking, kitchen, all facilities. Apply Mr. Hudson or phone 742-6165.
tion? Come 578-2560.
Rent free until march 1st plus a bonus. 2 bedroom apartment, Silver Road, Waterloo, all utilities paid, $150, ried couples. Days 745-7108; evenings 1033.
may to September, furnished. Suitable for four perminutes to campus. Phone 579to
completely sons, five 2767.
Shure M44-7 579-3464 af-
30 four bedroom townhouse, Village, mostly furnished. $200 578-7558 or 579-2794.
ply now, Waterloo
single rooms, newly redecorated, kitchen and laundry facilities, close to university. Phone 743-9568.
done efficiently and Wright, 745-1111 Marion hours, 745- 1534 evenings.
piano W students
Physics and Math people. Do you need “Digital Combutation” by Southworth or Physics”-Weidner/ Classical “Elemental, Sells. See Al in the- chevron office, anytime or phone 578-7070, university local 3443.
Portable, gpod Pat 578-6658.
cartridge, ter 6 p.m.
Guitar lessons whatever you like. I’ll teach anything from Donovan, to Jansch. David Rea, Renbourn, Robert Johnson, Blind Blake, Dot Watson, etc. Take one lesson or one hundred - your choice. Call Milt, 578-7806.
7,000 miles. Honda heavy duty parts fitted. Shop manual and spares. Immaculate. Asking $1,300. Contact John Boettger, 578-7483 after 5 p.m.
Everyone p.m. ccl 35.
upnght. opens up like a grand. tion, $575. Phone 744 1753.
near married students phone Pat 578-6658.
Clqssified 8ds are accepted between 9 and 5 in the chevron office. See Charlotte. Rates are 50 cents for the first fifteen words and five cents each per extra word. Deadline is tuesday afternoons by 3 p.m.
Talk: Representatives from ToCollege of Education will be discussing secondary school teacher training proand how to apply. 4-5:30 p.m. Chem Eng 1501. Informal Christian Science testimony meetings. All are welcome. 9 p.m. SSc 225.
9 p.m. combatives.
8 p.m. Arts Theatre.
come bring instruments.
Representatives from Stratford Teacher’s College will discuss elementary school teacher training. 3:30-5-30 p.m. 810271. Careers
worship with Chimo First United Church, Waterloo. St. Paul’s College, McKirdy Hall
posited and left in a bank or trust company before the trip starts but recently there have been stranded travellers in Europe who will testify that this control does not stop the clever entrepreneur. To guard against being cheated of a holiday the consumer protectibn people offer some hints. Compare fares with regular scheduled flights; deal with reputable travel agents; check all clauses before yoti sign ; find out if your fare includes meals, etc. ; check your point of departure to make sure you are avoiding unnecessary travel costs to a distant departure point. fee
from p.m. el.
Charter flights .often don’t ‘get off gpound
Peece coffeehouse with 9 p.m. Conrad Grebel College.
bus leaves & 4: 30 p.m.
Consumer information digest has issued a warning to travellers who become involved with charter flights. As more and more peopleand especially studentsfind global travel within their budget, travel agents with less than the best intentions - become . more abundant. Individuals set up group flights at reduced rates, take passengers money, then skip. The passengers invariably loses, both his money and his prospects of a good holiday. \ The airlines -involved have only Advance money one control. for charter flights must be de-
dian University Students Overseas (CUSO) will discuss their organization and application procedure. 3:30-5:30 p.m. MC 3032.
Maximum Speed and Whiplash. Science society members 500 : others $1 .OO. 8 p.m. food services. Licensed
rental Birch mar744-
Canadian capitalist Walter i ‘an american:
“-attempt to f0cuS non-partisan attention on the issue. The objective is to enrol1 about 10,~O members. He rkferred the audience to the book written by George Hall, under _ secretary of state in the Johnson administration, called “Discipline of Power” in which Hall stated that, “logically the Canadian economy should be merged with the United States economy even’ though inevitably this would be followed by politk cal unity.” If Humphrey had won in the last U.S. election Hall would have been secretary of State, and second man in the American administration, Gordon pointed out. Questioned on where the money would come from to buy back Canadian industry he stated, “if in the last two years we could find the money , to invest an additional 2 billion dollars in Foreign Exchange reserves, then I am not worried about finding the money over a period of years to acquire a c&trolling interest in the Canadian economy. The statekent of purpose of CIC which addressed , its demands to the federal government and to provincial legislatures in relevant areas of their jurisdiction can be obtained from the engineering society.
The committee for an independent Canada (translated company of indigenous capitalists by leading radidals on campus) came under close scrutiny last week when. the engineering society brought Walter Gordon to the hu’ . manities theatre. Gordon’s optimistic statement that, the people of Canada including the capitalists were now ready to espouse nationalism was received sceptically’ by the audience who seemed to feel that if the capitalists sold us out before they would probably do so again. One member of the audience -expressed the view that even if Canada gained 51 percent control in industry and Canadian directors on the boards, it would do little good for the future of the country if we continued to be a raw material source. Many members of the audience felt that the committee was too general on all issues, and didn’t outline a definite strategy to achieve their aims. 3 Gordon’s explanatidn for this was that the CIC represents people from all over Canada. and from all occupations, groups and political parties. “The most important thing was to get support for a general program rather than waste time arguing specific points,” he stated. He added, The CIC represents a grass roots
Eat shit says
OTTAWA (CUP) - The supered they would have to give up their union affiliation with the cool carefully cultivated facade Montreal based confederation of slipped a little tuesday, feb-, national trade unions. Frank Ditruary 2. “Maudite traitre“’ shouted the erlizzi, spokesman for the men, said 25 of the former drivers had Lapalme drivers, still manning been offered jobs by Jean-Pierre the picket lines outside the parliament buildings at Canada’s Cote minister responsible for the minister, Pierre Elliot post office, at $3.25 per hour. prime The men expect to be back at Trudeau. work in march when their un“Mangez la merde” replied the employment insurance runs out. elegant PM, thumbing his nose. Later Trudeau cdmmented, In the meantime those who get their cheques put them in a pot “if these guys come here to harand everyone gets an equal share. ass and insult me, then-they can &very expect to receive insults in re- They drive into Ottawa turn.’ day that parliament meets and return to Montreal the same day. The Toronto dailies translated Since Christmas, they have the PM’s epithet as “go to hell! been weariag the green, white But Brian Mckenna of the Montreal star was a little less fastidand red toques of the Quebec patriotes of the 1837 rebellion. The ious in admitting that “literally men said the togues had been an the expression means ‘eat shit’anonymous gift to them. They but has the force of the english expression ‘kiss my behind.’ ” wear them in honor of the patrioThe Lapalme truck drivers tes. The toques are also being worn by those who support the have been out of work since cause of the political prisoners they lost their jobs in a Montreal postal dispute last april. ‘arrested under the war measMany of the 400 men were la- ures act. “We are sympathetic to their cause,” said one Later offered jobs in the post ofpalme man. fice but declined when they learn-
23 percent-turn Aujame
Horsley Lawson Mangone
Page Sulliman Spoiled
Last Saturday, over 1000 Ukranian - Canadians went to Ottawa to demonstrate for dignity and human rights. -The Canadian government in return diplomatically slapped. their hands and told them to go home and behave like nice little children. The denionstration was called by the committee for the freedom of Valentyn Morbz, an Ukrainian historian recently sent to a concentration camp by the russians. During the last ten years, the russians have been carrying on an intensive campaign of russification of all soviet republics. Intellectuals, student-s and workers that have expressed opposition to this illegal russian policy have found themselves in coucentration camps; Moroz is the latest victim of this extermination of nationtilities. Under all soviet laws, the culture, the language and customs of each soviet republic are guaranteed and protected. Lenin higself had spoken in favor of each republic’s right to maintain its national identity and it was part of soviet policy while he lived. The demonstration in Ottawa, at the USSR embassy, while protesting for the release of Moroz, had the wider scope of protesting against all of the illegal proceedings in the Soviet Russia.
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- 15 3.0
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Qver 30 students from the university of -Waterloo, joined students and workers from all over Ontario and Quebec. As you got to knoiv them better, you started to understand the tragedy of the Ukraine and the commitment of these young people to the’ cause that they were..fighting for. The moment you would ask them about the Ukraine and if they thought that the demonstration would achieve any concrete ’ goals, they became immediately very sad and restless. ’ Raymond Hohol, 14, expressed it for all, when he said, “The Soviets are violating the human rights. Its kind of unfair. People living in the Ukraine are, you can say, just like the negro in the US. They are not -getting their basic-rights.” The demonstration itself was very well organized and kept in a non-violent mood.. The protest lasted for about 2% hours and in its most dramatic moments a few eggs were thrown at the embassy. This resulted in 3 broken windows and eggnog dripping down the embassy walls. A list of the ‘political prisoners’ now in russian concentration camps was read and’their immediate release was called for. A home-made russian flag was first laid on the street, walked on and later burned as the crowd sang
out to vote; Page wins 34.7 percent out term
Total * Bold
“The great issues oj’ the day are trivial. Grass yoots people power is irrelcvm t. ” according to Bill Michelsm, UojT sociologist, who spoke here last rveek, i/z the pluruli~lg lecture series. The obviously bored Chewon editors j~urld, hlic/dm justi@d chss strrrctrwe by cullirlg it lijk style.
the Ukrainian national anthem. No trouble between the police and the demonstrators ever occurred, both parties took care in not antagonising each other. Some of the older people in the demonstration, expressed the hope that the western press, the Canadian people and the government in Ottawa, because of this demonstration, would become better informed about the situation in the Ukraine and put pressure on the soviet government to at least respect its own cqnstitution, and the rights of the russian minorities. The protest was organized to tell the world about the way the kremlin steps ’ over its - own constitution to achieve its totalitarian, imperialistic ends. Under soviet laws, secret trials are illegal, deportation to labour camps outside one’s own republic is illegal. Moroz himself, although condeinned under charges puniShable with up to 7 years in tioncentration camps, was given 9 years. All soviet republics have the right to schools in their 0~ languages up to grade 6, the Kremlin forces to teach in russian from kindergarten. Most demonstrators hoped that news of the protest would, somehow reach the Ukraine and be of moral support to the people fighting for freedom there. “They send people to jail for 15 years just because they demand human rights . . . They tell you which language to speak . . . They are barbarians. ” The demonstrators then went to parliament hill, to present briefs and petitions.. They hoped the government would support their cause and present a note of protest to the, russian government . The only person they could meet was the deputy minister of the european external affairs department, G. Sharp, and he told them, “you should be lucky I even listened to you. ”
Two of the most outspoken politicans against the war measures act will be speaking on a televised panel at the university of Waterloo on friday, february 5. The speakers are David MacDonald, tory MP from Prince Edward Island, and Andrew Brewin, new democratic MP -for Greenwood (Toronto). The panel is open and free to the public. It will begin at 3 :30 in the humanities theatre.
. , Under the present student awards program the university’s awards officer is required to return all grant cheques not claimed after a period of six’ weeks. As a public service, the chevron and the a wards office would like to inform the folio wing people that their grant chequqs are at the business office. The list is up to date as of february 2.
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Forbes, P.O. Ford, T.J. Forrest, B.A. Francis, R.W. Frankowski, B.A. Fraser, E.L. Freake. A.S. French, S.E. Fursman, CA.
Luft, D.H. Lutomski,
MacAlpine, M .W. MaCartney, R.J. MacDonald, S. R. MacDonell, S.C. MacGregor, B.M. MacKay, K.J. MacKay. R.A. MacKenzie, T.W. MacKowiak, H.C. MacMillan, E. MaLoney, M.J. Mauel, B.E. Marcocchio. B.F. Marshall, C.A. Marshall, W.H. Martin, B.E. Martin, J.R. Martin, M.L. Mathieu, G.F. Mattie, W.E. Mcavoy, D. McCluskey, B. R. McCulloch, W.J. McDonald, R.G. McFarland, J.C. McGlynn, F .E. McGurn, J.P. Mcllwain, J.S. Mcllwaine, S.P. McKinnon, W. K. Medley, M.M. Meek, P.L. , Meiers, R.P. Mendleson, I.A. Merleau. M.A. Micak, J.G. Miles, J.M. Miller, A.J. Millar, A.J. Miller, J.I. Mitro, R.J. M&is, I.J. Molloy, M.L. Monkman, K.T. Montagano. K.N. Montpetit, J.D. Moore, B.L. Morley, D.R. ’ Morrison, D.J. Morrow, A.B. Mullen, D.G. Mullen, R.L. Munt, P.K. ’ Murray, k. Murray, C.E. Murray, M.G.
Gallace, J.A. Garbala, S.M. Garland, L.B. Gaskin, D.P. Geiger, C.A. Gentile, L.A. Gierula, R.H. Gilroy, L.C. Gimbel, S.C. Goldenberg, S.S. Golds, L.E. Golem, P.J. Gomme, I. Goodwin, J.E. Gover, R.N. Graham, S.M. Grant, D.J. Gray, M.G. Greb, P.R. Gribbon, J.B. Grodski, R. Groom, R.W. Groves, D.M. Grundy, P.S. Gutoskie, R.F. Haack, A.J. Hall, C.C. Hamilton, B.J. Hamilton, W.M. Hammerstedt, W.W. Hampton, J.E. Han, T.T. Harbin, G.E. Harris, M. Harrison, T.S. Harvey, B.J. Harvey, R.L. Hayes, CL. Hegler, D.P. Henderson, J.G. Henderson, S.L. Hermann, K.C. Hershey, D.J. Hickey, T.M. Hicks, L.A. Hind, T.M. Hines, R.J. Hlavach, J.E. Hocura, E.A. Hogan, W.J. Holbrough, D.W. Hollingshead, R.J. Honsberger, D.G. Hopkins, C.L. Hough, P.M. Huckson, R.M. Huggins, G.W. Hughes, R.N. Hull, J.C. Huska, K.J. Hyodo, B.D. Jager, R.A. Jantzi, J.D. Jensen, J. Johnson, D.L. Johnson, E.M. Jones, S.E. Jung, G.G. Kawano, R. Kearns, J.M. Kelliher, W.A. Kelly, J.J. Kennedy, S.M. Kidd, S.W. Kilbridd, B. Kilpatrick, K.B. Kinsey, S.A. Kittle, J.D. Klaiman, S. P. Klee, H.A. Klinduch, W. Kloczko. J. Kolb, S.E. Knegt, H. Koch, J.S. Koch, L.L. Koschade. R.A. Kotanen, E.G. Kottelenberg. J. Kreahling, J.H. Kramberger, A.A. Kratky, L. Kuntz, E.M. Kupka, K.J. Kwasnik. T.P. Lake, R.G. Lamontagne, G.R. LaRiviere, V.J. Laycock. M.A. Lee, J.T. Leeks, C. K. Leis, J.G. Leishman, A.J. Lennox, R.H. Leon, V.J. Lewis, K. R. Liddell, J.L. Lindsay, W. K. Lockington. J. N. Long, M.R. Lornie, T. K. Loten, W. D. Love, R.W. Lovegrove. A.L.
Rooney, G.A. Rooney. G.A. Rotmensz, B.B. Rourke, T.M. ROUS, K.M. Ruediger, W.C. Ruskin, D.M. Rut-tan, J.R.
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Vandamme, M.L. Vandendool, T.C. Vanduyvenbod, J .J. Vanhouwelingen, J.A. Van Vliet, K.D. Vardy, A.G. Veenstra, S. R. Voksepp, T. Vrebosch, V.J. Vrebosch, V.J. Vukelich, N. Wah, M. Walker, P.G. Walker, R.B. Walsh, M.M. Wanless, K.E. Ward, B.A. Warren, J. D. Webster, B.M. Weekes, J.M. Welch, S.F. Wells, H.J. Wells, L.T. Wells, S.A. Wheeler, D.L. White, L.M. Whiteford, K.J. Wiatzka, G.M. Wice, G.M. Wiegand, A.M. Wilkinson, P.V. Willer, J.D. Wills L.E. Wilson, M.M. Wilson, N.M. Windle, K.E. Withridge, B.J. Wootton, G.R. Wrosnop, R.A. Wozniak, E. Wright, D.W. Yako.A.M. Yantri, B.R. Yliklaavu, H. Young, M.E. Young, R.G. Zamparo,
by Janice chevron
Streaming is the process by which a culture divides its young into categories of learning. The purpose of this discussion is to prepare them for the specific -role expectations-they will eventually fulfil1 in society. In order that a culture can perpetuate itself without disruption, it is often necessary to condition members to a point where the “normal” citizen considers the subject of radical change absurd. Such a process involves the constant driving of a value system into the heads of the little dears who will be the future maintainers of the existing normative structure. In order to do this, such tactics as guilting and ‘value-addiction’ are often necessary. As a result of this the individual is inclined to direct feelings of frustration with his role inwardly, ‘at himself, instead of displaying hostility at the system which created the role in the first -/ place. The process can be-said to start at the moment the infant leaves the womb. The most extraordinary example of this intensive indoctrination is role differentiation on the basis of sex. It seems of ultimate importance in our culture to divide the boy-child from the girl-child even in earliest stages of. existence. In the hospital nursery, you are designated as being a baby with pink beads on her name-tag or blue beads on his.
Baby talk level
From here you progress to the baby-talk level. If a newly arrived baby is clad in blue, well meaning ladies are likely to say, “My, look how firmly he grabs that teether. Strong little thing isn’t he?L’ If the child happens to be adorned in pink the comment is likely to be something like, “Isn’t she lovely? So dehcate; such gentle little eyes. ” The hypocrisy is astounding. A new born kid is a new born kid...1 have absolutely nothing against babies but with their genitals covered they are all pretty much the same... they are merely tiny human being being subjected to the throes of a distorted value-system. A father’s reaction to a girl infant is radically different from his reaction to a son. It would be inconceivable for him to come onto his little boy with; “How’s Daddy’s pwetty wittle darling?”
It would seem equally absurd for him to come on to his pwetty wittle girl with, “How’s the little toughy today?” Inadvertently, perhaps, adults have already begun to provide the child with a self-image. This image is determined entirely on the basis of her or his sex. If you have male genitalia you go through an entirely different process of personality- molding than if your genitalia are female. A girl is streamed from day one to be a girl in a far wider way than natural biological determinants demand. Their is an intricate cultural framework which serves to mold her into a socially defined woman with the appropriate attitudes, aspirations and assumptions of a socially acceptable woman. The boy-child is prepared to be a man as society defines manhood. It strikes me as being ultimately perverted that one half of the species of humanhood is deprived of the right to cry. regularly by a value system which proclaims that “men don’t cry”. It is obvious that men are, in many ways, oppressed by the over-specificity of roles based on sex. However, the issue with which I would like to specifically deal at this time is the streaming of little girls to fill a slightly less than admirable role in our society. They are the society’s slavedriven housewives and unpaid, overtime mothers. They are also society’s reserve labour force (for wartime). And on top of all this they are expected to :be the epitomy of cultural virtue, grace, dignity and beauty. It is really a ridiculous thing to realize that the nature of a person’s character and the direction of her or his life should be determined by what lies in between her or his legs!
Toys play part
Even more absurd to contemplate is the important part that toys play in sexist identity programing of the members of our society. While Harry is learning the intricacies of building miniature highrise apartments with his multicoloured building set, Susy is learning how to feed, burp, change and love her little plastic baby. The baby is sexless at that! Most of them have the hair, and apparel of little girls. Even if you do happen upon a plastic baby dressed like a boy, he’s a castrated boy. (We don’t want
our little girls knowing what a penus looks like, do we?) In addition to caring for baby, little girls are encouraged to cook on little stoves, to iron Daddy’s hankees on little ironing boards, to play hostess to the ladies auxiliary of the future with little china dishes -and to clean Momma’s rug with little carpet-sweepers. If a little boy wanted to do these things he’d be classified as being ‘a little bit off’. But little girls are expected to suck it right up. They are rarely forbidden to play with such things as toy fire engines-but their chances of getting them for Christmas are pretty slight. The tactics for discouraging games ‘unbefitting to a little girl’ are subtle. If Susy were to come to her mother and say, “Can I have a crane that really goes up and down, for Christmas?” The response is likely to be something to the effect of, “Oh, ha, ha, you don’t really want a crane! Wouldn’t you much rather havF a walking, talking, giggling, wetting, crying, sleeping Patsy Plastic doll? That’s a much nicer toy to play with. ” The tone is one of mockery, the expression, one of condescension. If the kid has any aspirations of being accepted by her fellow humans, the reasoning follows, she’ll suppress such ridiculous desires as her-one for a crane that goes up and down. And unless she wants to be considered odd she’d better start to dig changing doll’s clothes! - And the beat does, inevitably, go on. At approximately the same time as her male - counterpart progressing from bows and arrows t: plastic subma chine guns7 the little lady is moving into the stage of the make-believe makeup kits. While Johnny is learning guerrilla tactics with his G.I. Jo armed forces kit, Susy is learning the proprieties of dress and manner with her Barbie doll. The practice of sitting for hours dressing and undressing these miniature models is encouraged by Kiddie-show sponsors and mothers alike. The number of dresses, suits and paraphenalia your Barbie doll owns determines your status in the neighbourhood. The little- girls of north america come to believe that Barbie -should wear one thing in the morning, another in the afternoon and ._something else at night. In addition to this, they come to accept the fact that Barbie acts in a totally different
manner and talks about totally different things with Ken than she does with Midge. And who are the prototypes for the roles that they project onto their dollies? . . . Mommies, sometimes .. . situation comedy heroines, generally. And on and on the great machine runs.. . Each sex progresses to the next stage of the molding process. (there are a few lucky, ‘odd’, individuals who have made it this far without being sucked in. Their chances of getting into a sorority or fraternity are slight but if they’ve really managed to \ keep their heads straight, they won’t really want to anyway. )
In teens \
The conditioning from this point on isn’t quite as intensive. From the early teen years on its just a matter of reinforcing the ingrained values which have already been absorbed into the ihnocent little dears’ unsuspecting little brains. By the time a girl is 13 she has more than likely come to believe that she really would prefer to be a nurse or a housewife to a doctor or a fireman. She is also likely to believe that she is probably incapable of doing anything quite as demanding as medical or legal work. Very few girls in highschool ever think to question the fact that they are compelled to take home economics and discouraged from, if not forbidden to, take industrial arts. Female children are conditioned to believe that the role of maintainer is the only natural role for a woman. They are taught that to be a woman, protected, supported and dominated by men, is an honour. Woman is, after all, only an extension of man. Her identity is of subservience to him. The Chinese used to bind women’s feet so they wouldn’t be able to move very fast or very far. They were physically confined to the house. Modern, western woman is chained to the place allocated to her in a much less obvious way. The binding is on her consciousness. To date the western method seems to have. been as effective as that of the old Orient. From the first day of a child’s life the parameters of her or his identity are determined and limited on the basis of her or his sex. And one of the most difficult things to overcome is a well-learned personality syndrome.
Bryan Douglas, the chevron
with hard labor
by Cultural Ukrainian
On j.une 1, 1970, a 34 year-old historian and lecturer was arrested and held without bail until his trial in late november. He was accused of expressing his views, substantiating the unconstitutionality of certain government programs and bureaucratic disregard for basic human rights. At a closed trial that lasted a mere three days, he was found guilty and was sentenced on november 20, 1970 to nine years of “correction” at hard labour. A scant six years ago, Valentyn Moroz was not unlike some of the graduate students on our campus. As a 1958 graduate of the faculty of history at the Ivan Frank0 university in Lviv, Ukraine, Moroz worked in his native Volyn region teaching and delivering lectures on ‘historical subjects. In 1964, married and with a year old son, Moroz progressed from a short engagement in modern history at the Lesia Ukrainka pedagogical institute in Lus’k, to a position of lecturer in recent history at the pedagogical institute of Ivano-Frankivs’k. While working and without any assistance, he prepared his candidate’s dissertation on the subject “The Luts’k trial in 1934 as an example of revolutionary collaboration of the polish and Ukrainian peoples in their joint struggle against the fascist regime in bourgeois Poland. ’ ’ Because of his arrest in late august 1965 his thesis remains undefended.
At his trial in January 1966, when the “evidence” was finally collected, the state prosecution had to resort to the widely interpreted catch-all article 62 of the Ukrainian SSR criminal code. Needless to say, the regional court of Volyn’ found him guilty and sentenced him to five years of severe hard labour in mordovian political prisoners’ camps. A “‘dangerous” intellectual intent on exhuming facts of the recent past and displaying them to the curious public was safely tucked away and hopefully silenced. In december of that year Moroz, along with M. Horyn, M. Masyntko and L. Lukyanenko, three other Ukrainian inmates were confined to the camp’s prison for six months. When released ,in august 1969. Moroz returned to his home in Ukraine, to his wife and son. But this was not to be the end of his ordeal. Scarcely ten months later, on june 1, 1970, he was again arrested for the suspected authorship of the “Reportage from the ,beria confines” (Revolutionary voices, press bureau of ABN, Munich
possession of restricted literature or even “evidence” in personal correspondence has brought calamity down on the heads of students, artists, writers, literary critics and journalists. Since the 1960 drive against intellectuals, over 200 have been arrested in Kiev, Lviv, Odessa, Ivano-Frankivs’k, Luts’k, Zhytomyr and Ternopil and tried as “enemies of the state”, most receiving heavy sentences at hard labour. Some of these cases are carefully documented in V. Chornovil’s book, Crime of Thought or more popularly The Chornovil Papers. ’ These intellectuals, however, are not chauvanist nationalists, or militant separatists. Within the soviet social structure, they are honest, idealogically-solid citizens, students and people in various professions-who grew up and were educated in soviet institutions. Their demands are for rights and protection officially granted each citizen by the all-powerful constitution of the USSR by the constitution of the member Ukrainian SSR and by the respective criminal and procedural codes.
1969) an appeal allegedly written while Moroz was still imprisoned. It was directed to the deputies of the supreme council of the ukraihian SSR, assailing the illegality and inhumanity of arrests, closed trial andimprisonment of intellectual outside of their homeland and the barbarity of the present day soviet concentration camp system. Originally scheduled for the end of September, the trial in Ivano-Frankivsk was postponed for two months. Protests against the arrest of Moroz by his colleagues and friends as well as the formal pleas for an open trial went unheeded. At the trial other “evidence”, was introduced. (Moses and Datan, “Amidst the snow” “Chronicle of resistance” which had been circulating clandestinely in manuscript form in the Ukraine were attributed to ,Moroz) Although there are no indications that either the\ KGB (state security-agency) or the state prosecution determined conclusively that Moroz was the author, he was found guilty of “anti-soviet propaganda and agitation” again, and drew an almost maximum sentence of nine years in ���correctional” labour camps.
not the only one
But Valentyn Moroz is merely the latest victim of a continuous illegal and insidious campaign. Dissenting intellectuals in the Soviet Union today disregard inevitable arrest and imprisonment as progressively more of them refuse to be intimidated. Such news is no longer uncommon. Well known are the cases of the russians Daniel, Sinyavsky, Amalrik and Solzhenitsyn’ (Labedz and Hayward: On Trial 1967) The price for appealing for other people’s rights was high for Ginsburg, Galanskov, Lashkova, Bukovsky and Grigorenko. (Documentos Survey, no. 67, April ‘68). Far less publicity, however, has been given to non-russian dissent, yet their treatment is no less outrageous. The Soviet Union is composed of fifteen republics, numerous other administrative areas with over one hundred million of the population of distinct non-russian nationalities. As a result, reasons for protest and the manner of its expression are varied. Most general is the discontent with the non-leninist totalitarianism of the soviet hierarchy. More pron,ounced among the nonrussian intellectuals is the protest against intensive government programmes of russification of their native languages and cultures. This holds true especially for intellectuals who’ are Ukrainians, a forty million “minority” in the Soviet Union. Publication of extensive academic works, short articles, appeals to government officials, or committees,
Objections that are being voiced with ever louder voices to the state’s practice of disregarding the laws as laid down in the approved documents. I. Dzyuba in his work internationalism or Russification (smuggled out of the ukrainian SSR and published in the west) expresses his conviction that “the anxiety felt by an ever widening circle of Ukrainian youth” was the result of the abandonment of the leninist nationalities policy by Stalin and Krushchev, and asserts that a policy of persecution is no answer. He and other intellectuals point to the fact that the state’s flagrant violation of its own laws and constitution by having secret trails and by sending dissidents to prisons outside of their own country. Others oppose the resettlement of masses of people in an attempt to homogenize the many peoples and cultures of the USSR into a single russified state. The part that the state’s educational system plays in that program is held up for what it is: linguicide and cultural genocide. Education in the ‘Soviet Ukraine by John Kolasky, more than adequately proves this. For objecting to such policies, for standing up for their human rights granted by the charter of the United Nations (of which the USSR is a member) young people are arrested, subjected to torturous investigations and degrading closed trials, then sentenced to long terms of hard labour, to semi-starvation rations, thrown completely to the mercy of the concentration camp administration. Were not such atrocities supposed to have ended in 1945?
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7. 2. ‘3. 4. 5.
Faculty........................................-Year .......................................... Age ........................................... Sex ............................................... Martial status
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cl a) Are you-a “mature”student?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . --6) How many years were you away from. school? . . _,-c) What was your occupation?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ---
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . _-to meet - your this year? . ( . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . _-were your resources? Parents . . . . . . . Student
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Brothers .................... Sisters ........ :-.............
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................... 6. Fathers occupation ............................. occupation 7. Mothers 8. a) How many brothers and sisters do you have?
6) Of these, how many have gone to university? . --c) Are attending university now?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . --d) Will be financially able to attend university? ..... What type of high school did you attend? Public
0 ther (Specify) .I ........
c c c .c
you feel that your resources are adequate to ++@ meet your needs this year? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . n -v( 5. What is your present residence? . Home . . . . . . . . cl Residence
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6. a) What
is your monthly cost for residence and food?........ ... ......................... 6) Are you satisfied with your present residence? c) If not, why not? J -Proximity ,....
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0 thers living in same residence / 7. a) Do you eat out often?. b) If you do, where?
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9. Do you find that you money for extracurricular
system of indivi. . . . . . . . . . . .‘: . . .
c) If not, why not? (specify)
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7. a) Do you think that the present dually financed tuition is just? c Comment: e
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What do you think is the function of higher education today? Is it in fact designed for the betterment of the individual or is there another overriding purpose ? Are we being programmed for asystem?...:... ..,........................... Comment. .............................................
family \ financing
with it? . . . . . . . . . . . . . s . . . . . , .-. . . , ---
b) Are you satisfied
of transportation? Public
\ 4. a) What
do you hope to do when you are finished PPP----with your formal education? b)’ What in fact, do you think you will be doing after you have completed you formal education? , _
5. Recent articles in established newspapers report that less than 7 0 percent of graduates are finding jobs and it is predicted that in the foreseeable future the situation will become worse. What do you feel are your chances of obtaining employment which is related to your course of study?
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Do youfeel that every individual; no matter what _ economic standing he is in, should be able to attend university if he chooses? . . . . . . . . . . ‘. . . . . . . . . _-Explain:
\ . .,,..,~,,.,.~,.........,..~.......~........, .
7. Do you think that you will find work next sumer?........................................,. 2. a) If not, what will be your alternative to paying for university next year? Parents ............
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a) Have you experimented with hard drugs?. ..... b) What made you experiment with drugs? Commen t: . . , . . . .I.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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748 the Chevron
1 1 t
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Can’t get 811 t/t@ &es
41. What many fear (2 words)
Opposite of occlude
YOU the chevron.
1. Manure cart 7. Character in Satyricon 13. Negative ion \14. Therefore 15. -- of gum 16. State of perfect happiness 18. Categorize 19. Italian blood, guts, bones, etc. 20. Naive are full of it
45. Ten (pref. ) 47. Equal (pref. ) 49.
50. What anxious gardeners say to slow plants (2 words) 56. Brand of gin . 57. Studied for prophesy by oracles 58. Interest of engineering strip shows 60. East south dumb old hag. (abbn. ) 1 Down
1. Extinct african colony 2. This causes infalation (sic) Ancient biblical king 3. Reflects you Chemical happening 4. Something to do with a cow Deborah’s underworld 5. Life basis moleclue Sherlock’s downfall (2 words) 6. Heavy substance 34. U.S. (fr.) 7. Attorney-general 35. Long-standing european re: 8. Don’t stop, -volutionary army genius said 37. What radioactive sit around ’ 10. What illiterate (2 words) I doing ll-. Grow in tropics 38. On I 12. Suffix of in and lemon juice 39. --joy
25. 26. 30. 32.
17. Complete and utter dolt 18. Shoot one! 21. Be 22. From a part of ancient Greece 23. Left right neutral ’ in north witch (init. ) 27. Find one at 3 and after S (2 words) 28. Putting the P behind, the TOIU 29. He’s a better man than you
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3la&ght rat is right and rat left rat (abbn) 33. Gadzooks, predjudice (2 words) 34. East orange (abbn) 36. High card 40. -/Billy of WWI 42. What a nymph0 is every night ~. 46. Cedrick Eggwick (init. ) 48. Direction 49. And nothing rots ever (abbn. ) 50. Put the bite on Cleo 51. Debt certificate 52. Even (abbn, ) 53. Tri-nitro-twit (abbn. ) 54. N-or g -55. Burnt to -58. Hi!
Bop-bop-aree-bop-u-( , lop=bam-bop Do you rememmem-remememember who put the bop in the bop-she-bop-she-bop? Well Sha- ’ na-na do (does?) and they are coming to Waterloo to help refresh your memory of those bygone days when rock and roll really rocked and rolled. On Sunday, february 14, the gymnasium will be magically transformed into a gymnasium to allow you to swing with your best gal, real pal, in the finest 1958 sock hop tradition. And on the same stage will be, ’ Canada’s (and twang-twang, CTV’s) very own Ian and Sylvi-ii-i-i-ia. Tickets are only $1.50 for federation members, and are available through the federation office, boogety - boogety - boogety. friday
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Edmund Leach _ The Viking Press, $1.75 137 pp.
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states that he is suppose to- be giving “an account of LeviStrauss’ methods and opinions. ” But as he points out, he is not a disinterested observer. This in my opinion is a strong point in favor bf the book. Leach is outspoken in his views, and readily points out the weaknesses as well as the strengths of LeviStrauss’ work as he sees them. Part of the weakness of LeviStrauss, according to Leach lies in his field work. It seems that Levi-Strauss, when reporting on the social systems of primitive cultures, collects his data from contact narrowed to a few short days. Within that time, certainly, he develops a comprehensive model, but if he stayed half-ayear, learned the language and maintained close links, his mod,el would be entirely different. Of course there are certain
holes in this criticism. First of all taking the criticism to its natural conclusion, if he stayed a year or even two then the model be even better or different, at least, from just a few short months. This sort of logic- can continue ad infinitum until it has totally hamstrung the scientist. Furthermore Leach in his criticism doesn’t bother to recognize that he and Levi-Strauss are after two different things. Certainly Levi-Strauss’ research method isn’t useful for Leach but it should be recognized that Leach’s method isn’t of much value to Levi-Strauss. L However Leach does point out that despite any of the criticisms that can be levelled at LeviStrauss, he is certainly a man of genius and well worth reading, in spite of all the mental gymnastics he will put you through.
It is somewhat interesting to note that .Edmund Leach begins his book with a discussion of the argument between Levi-Strauss and Sartre. His conclusions of this argument is a reminiscence of Lewis Carrol’s portrayal of “the non-argument between Tweedledum and Tweedledee. ” Leach points out that LeviStrauss’ use of the dialectic in his structural method is hegelian. This is not the first time that this argument has been aimed at Levi-Strauss, Sartre also claims that that is the case, in his book Search for a method. It should be lpointed out that Levi-Strauss would probably emphatically deny that he is hegelian in his use of the dialectic. Leach belongs to the school of thought known as “functionalism. ” As he defines it, the-aim CAMUS _ Camus’ work and not the polyof functionalism is to describe Conor Cruise O’Brien anna superficiality some critics how a social system functions The Viking Press, $4.95, 111 pp. would like to heap on us. and ho,w individuals live their Camus has left a deep imAn important theme throughlives within that system. Levipression on the “moral and po- out Camus’ work is “a statement Strauss, on the other hand, is a litical consciousness” not only about the absurdity of mortal social anthropologist of the strucof his generation but also our life.” O’brien discusses this turalist school. His concern is own. O’brien in his book does a _ theme in Camus’ work, but posprimarily with discovering unirealistic analysis of Camus, re- sibly he should have dealt with versals about the human condivealing the historical and ideoloit more extensively. I recognize tion, and or mind. Despite the gical development which inspirit would have been difficult differences there are few, if any, ed Camus to write his novels. given the size of the book. more capable of understanding Anyone who has read Camus In the book Camus O’brien and explaining Claude Leviwill find O’brien’s book invaluexamines each novel and major Strauss as well as Edmund able for obtaining an even deeper piece of work in chronological Leach is. Leach acknowledges that he ~ order. This is done to put it in a analysis of Camus. If you have not read anything by Camus but historical perspective, showing and Levi-Strauss hold very difyou are lhinking of starting, not only the history of world ferent positions, as far as the this book is an important piece, events but also delving into Camrealm of ideas go. And in fact which will enable you to put us’ personal history. In this way warns the reader that the view Camus in a clearer perspective. we obtain a deep insight into he presents is a slanted one. He
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Chunga’s revenge is the latest step in the concept of Frank Zappa and he is indeed a concept. Having disbanded the Mothers-of Invention, he recorded a solo album, Hotrats, one of his best which clearly shows the musical genius that he is. He also proceeded to make two motion pictures, Uncle meat and The groupie papers. These financially troubled projects prompted the release of tw6 albums, Burnt weenie sandwich and Weasils ripped my flesh, a compilation of live performances from days gone by. He also decided to reform the Mothers and go on tour to bring in some much needed money to complete his films. Chunga’s revenge is Zappa’s first album with the new Mothers. In the meantime he composed an entirely new score for the film, renaming it 200 motels. Combining live action with animation it involves elaborate fantasies which are by-products of life on the road, touring in a rock and roll band. Chunga’s revenge is comparable to Hot rats in that it lacks the madcappery of his earlier albums. There is a lot of heavy stuff, almost as if Frank has decided to become a great lead guitarist. This is particularly noticable in Transylwania boogie which is in essence, five minutes of lead guitar solo. This is followed up by a great cut, Road ladies, a very bluesy number which only goes to show Frank can play anything if he puts his mind to it. Twenty smaN cigars is a slow jazz number. Also included is a live cut, which is distinctively the Mothers live and reminiscent of We&/s, called The Nancy & Mary music.
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Side two contains a number of earlier rock and roll style cuts, but they are by no means commercial. The best of these is probably Shar/ene. Another, Rudy wants to buy yez a drink, is a song about the supposed benefits of the musicians
union. It contains an excellent imitation of early Elvis Presley. The title song is an excellent jazz-rock number. Zappa indeed has a way with lyrics, as shown in Would you go 811 the way?--’ ‘Would you go all the way for the USA?/ Lift up your dress if the answer is no. ” The rest of the Mothers are also worthy of mention. They include Ian Underwood, George Duke, Jeff Simmons and Aynsley Dunbar. Underwood, who plays everything from piano to sax, was an original Mother and also played on- Hot rats. Dunbar-was John Mayall’s drummer and formed Aynsley Dunbar’s Retaliation. The Phlorescent Leech & Eddie \ help out Zappa with the vocals. The new Mothers may prove to be even greater than the original Mothers. They do indeed suit Zappa’s many talents. Ghunga’s revenge is a great example of the genius of Frank Zappa.
by Gene Lees
Jonathan Swift once made what he called a Modest Proposal: since the irish could not grow enough food to feed themselves but had no trouble producing babies, he suggested that babies should be made the prime irish export (perhaps served as a table delicacy in England). There were those who thought he meant it. Perhaps, in a bitter and angry way, he did. ’ I wish to make a Modest Proposal myself. It relates to two serious contemporary problems: narcotics addiction and overpopulation. I feel that it is incumbent upon me a<a man who makes his living from the record industry to offer this proposal.’ For the record industry is as responsible as any sector of our society for the growing number of deaths from the use of heroin and other drugs. Now don’t be hasty in condemning them. They’ve done no more than other industries have. Detroit finds 40,000 deaths a year in crashworthy cars an acceptable price for profits. Why shouldn’t the record industry too be allowed to kill its quota of < people for profit? \ Ten years ago I devoted an issue of Down Beet to the drug problem. At the time only a few music-business people thought addiction was an important issue. A negro singer I know said to me recently, “Nobody gaveya damn about it when only black kids were dying in the doorways of Harlem. Nobody gave a damn until the well-to-do middle-class white kids started dying. ” Touche. There is a great deal of. criminal money invested in the music business, both in groups and in some record labels. Rock groups began pushing drug use. The kids bought it. The kids are dying. The underworld is making money on it. This is all coincidence, right? Oh sure. Drug education in the schools is only. going to make the problem worse, I am convinced. It will increase fascination, or even cause it, among youngsters who had never even thought much about using drugs. Watch it happen in the next two years. And so I have come around to another view of the matter. I modestly propose that to all our other welfare programs we add free narcotics for the kids, including heroin. If you’re a parent, this may shock you. But it shouldn’t. You have been permitting your kids to take dope intellectually for years-from Bob Dylan, the Jefferson Airplane, the Lovin’ Spoonful, the Beatles. When your fiveyear-old was wandering around the house singing, “I get by with a little help from my friends, I get high with a little help from my friends,” didn’t you say, “Isn’t that cute? He’s singing a Beatles song.” All right, so now he’s a few years older, and you’re startled at the circulation of drugs in his school, and fearful that he’ll start using them. (Maybe he’s already started. ) Why? You permitted it. Now the main thing wrong with junkies is that they steal. Sometimes they go farther than that: in desperation for money, they kill and steal. This is a great social inconvenience, tying up the time of ‘all kinds of policemen whom we need for such things as messing up traffic. If I get my way, and the government subsidizes addiction the way it now subsidizes lethargy, all this will stop. It is useless to tell young people that the Beatles and heroin are bad for them. It simply is not so: ’ the kids have told us this. And they are the wisest and most honest and idealistic and decent and loving and, unprejudiced and well-informed generation of americans in history. We know it because they have told us this too. And the advertising industry and- Marshall McLuhan have confirmed it. Who in his right mind would doubt the combined wisdom of Marshall McLuhan, the advertising industry, and our wonderful young people?. Now, if we supply them with all the heroin they can use-and I am talking about the pure, uncut stuff, not the powdered sugar that’s floating around in many places these days-it will have immediate
and far-reaching socia 1 benefits. First, they’ll stop rioting. Heroin makes you terrible passive. They’ll start nodding out all over the place, and this will permit the police to catch up on theirsleep in parked cruisers. ’ Then a lot of them will start dropping out of school. This will reduce the overload on our schools and universities. It will stop the building program, thus braking the felling of trees which give us our oxygen. Our air will improve. Third, it will increase the, food supply, since jun-, kies don’t eat much even when they can get it. Fourth (and here is the real genius of my plan), ultimately the program will end the population explosion. One junkie I know told me that he and his strung-out wife hadn’t had sexual relations in two years. Heroin produces profound sexual indifference, and impotence. But that isn’t the end of it. Junkies die. In the late 1940’s and early 195Os, a great many jazz musicians were on heroin. None of them are now. They are either in their graves or they are off drugs. There is no middle road, apparently. Kids constitute nearly fifty per cent of the population. The population explosion, then, is them. Now since anyone forty years old is going to be around only for another thirty years or so tops*, they’re not going to be much of a problem. They’re starting to die off now, from working too hard to make enough money for their kids to buy the Doors’ records and acid and junk. But that eigh: teen-year-old over there-man, he’s going to be around breathing air, using up food, making garbage for another forty or fifty years. Even a kid can grasp that he himself is the real enemy. Now when we begin the widespread free distribution of drugs; this group will start dying. like flies. And still more benefits will accrue to society as a whole. Junk music will fade from the radio. There won’t be so many cars on the highway, and those that are there won’t be in such steady use. Air pollution will be further reduced.. Since we won’t need so many highways, the grass and trees will grow again, making more oxygen. Drug use, incidentally, including acid, is becoming as common a cause of traffic deaths as alcohol. So we get a bonus here too. I know-there are those out there in Readerland who will write me letters telling me I’ve got it all wrong-like the people wo wrote me letters telling me New York is not dying. They’ll say my proposal is heartless and cruel. But it isn’t, I assure you. We have given the young what they want until now. Why should we draw the line at death? ’ To young people I would say this: don’t believe old squares when they tell you that drugs, even grass, are damn dangerous. Don’t believe the growing reports that the grass available now is often spiked with heroin to hook you on hard narcotics. Don’t believe those who tell you that heroin is evil stuff. You know all those people are just trying to keep you from having a hip kind of good time. And don’t think about death. Think instead how you will be reducing the pressures of population on the rest of us. Think what a noble deed you’ll be doing. Think Zen thoughts about eternity and the continuum of consciousness and 1about astrology and how mortal’ existence is a mere passing cloud. Think not of going into a valley’of blackness. Think instead how you are going to join the great AllConsciousness and rest forever in nirvana. As you sit there, listening to John and Yoko with a needle in your arm, reflect not on the dying you’re about to do. Just think how high you’re going to be as you ’ goAnd to the record industry I would say: keep up the good work, gentlemen. You’ve done a hell of a job thus far. -from
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NORTH S.&l09863 H. 1098 D. 3 C. 1062 EAST s. 5 2 H. 55 D.Kl09843 C. 8 5 3
WEST S.AJ4 H.Q732 D.&J2 C. A94.
The Auction: South West ic pass pass pass 2NT pass pass Dble pass.
Opening Lead: Diamond queen. North and south were playing Schenken on this deal. When north responded one diamond denying nine high card points, east doubled hoping to suggest a lead to his partner. The double is risky because
SOUTH S..K7 H.AK64 D.A75 C.KQJ7
North East 1D Dble 1s pass 3NT pass pass pass
he has no action that he can take if a redouble rides around to him. Unable to show diamond cards by passing, he showed his spade suit. North decided that there _ might be a play at game when his partner bid two no trump and-bid the game. West, having been quiet to this point, decided to step in with a double. He led the queen of his partner’s suit. The opening lead was ducked in all hands and west continued with the jack. The play was now up to east. It was his responsibility
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16. Nd4 N:d4 17.B:d4
of the bishop on 82.
An unlucky attempt to finish development of the pieces. Instead white should undertake an attempt to get rid of the weak pawn f2 by playing 19.f3 and not to create new weaknesses in their position. \
19 ... Nd7 20.Kb2
A direct neccessary
cause of white losing the game. It was to play 20.f3 ef3 21.B: f3 Ne5 22.Be2
20 . .. Ne5
With threat 21 . .. Rd2 21. Radl Ng4-
White win the pawn f2. 22.f3?
N e3 23, R :d8 -I- R :d8
White resigned. After 24. Bh3 Rd2 25. Rcl R:h2 26.Bfl ef3 white are left without two pawns and with a hopeless position .
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': : :':.I . . . . . . ._,,._ :,:I’.‘:‘~.‘.‘,.~,:.:.:: . . . . . . .:..v L ._:I 2 ri,,.,,,.:~~ . . . :; ., .._. ._ . . . . ._.,_ _.. .:.. .:.. _. \ :...:i.:.L'i: .:;. ‘ i , ' : ' . . : ..A . . .-:C.‘. “‘... “‘Z.‘. .S’.. .c.. .._ __ ..__.._,._,,,~.~,,_,_,~~ . ,_, _ .' ..F.~:.~:~:~,~.~:~~~~~,~.~:‘~~.~,:::~:::,~ ..:p ::::I‘:E.:.:.;:+~.. :...: ,;...: :..;,..::..“. :,..: :.::.:.‘::::“,‘:::.~.~ :::‘:‘:‘::.i.~..:~~.~~~:~ : .::.y: .;:...:.:.'::.,.::: . ..,.:...., ,: ' :.<... ::., ,,.: ,.: ..:. .~.:~ :, .,,.:...:$ . ,..' :..; :.: . . '., .. ..:,.,f,.:.., ..I. .: : . . ,: :..; ,:_ .i :';. .., f ..y.;;:. i,:;.:,? ;., .:. :. f. ;.;::: : %... ....+ z:. :::i::: 7' '. The situation of the working class is the very op,.::$~@ ,,.,, ,,: . . Z'. __ 5. . . ,,,.,::y .,.. .'.';~.:...:,': .,..:. ./ :.i ..,:,.;..... ..-V', : ::,. : . . . . :. .,,.._ ' . '..y. I :~.:,;'~ ::, ._. Y :. ;, ,: j .,:. :' .:.,. .., :; ; ,:,,.,.. . ,.. .,:,.+. ..;- "'. '.:..,. 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HE TWO MAJOR usages of the ‘community control’ concept refer to either geographic boundaries (thus a neighborhood -is a comnunity) or to a clienthood vis a vis an agency or an nstitution (welfare recipients,- public housing tenants; parents of schoolchildren, who thus constiute “communities” of users.) The “neighborhood as a community” concept assumes a classless society at the local level, in which a mysterious “people of all classes” work towards a common goal. The Riverdale communty organization in a working class district in TorInto puts this position forth succinctly: “We aim & build a broad based community organization in which every interest in the community is represented (church, business, ind&try, agencies, schools, fraternal groups and neighbourhood groups). *I
It is significant that their list does not include although the area is almost exclusively a working class neighborhood. On the other hand, “church, business, industry, agencies and schools” can hardly be considered as separate interests, since together they constitute the entrenched establishment, highly organized and highly conscious at every level. The assumption here is that everybody is equal, that all work together for a common good, that no class conflicts exist or’that they can be abolished through co-operative efforts at the neighbourhood level. This is contrary to the existing reality. Where a middle class element has moved into a working class district, there has been an attempt by that element to create an illusion of a classless society. The vocabulary itself“community”, “the people”, “the residents”, “the public” and “the to blur the fact, obvious to taxpayers” -attempts anyone with eyes and ears, that there are different social classes in the area, with different, often opposing class interests and conflicting life styles. A stroke of a pen or a game of semantics, however, will not abolish the existing social reality: we live in a class society with major class contradictions everywhere. The class differentials and conflicts can be ignored; but they will not vanish. Let us, then deal briefly with the manifestations of class conflict- in these types of neighborhoods. (It is almost embarrasing ‘to go over such elementary lessons in sociology, but the current practice of the radical middle class elements-which include many . sociologistsmakes such an examination absolutely necessary, and not only once, but over and over and over again. )
ing climate and the discipline in the schoo the latter is extraordinarily punitive. ,,,; The working class reality makes the@ nerfectlv understandable. Without thes&~
a Take these
The first conflict The first conflict occurs when a middle class professional moves into a predominantly working class neighborhood. By doing so he is depriving a working class family of relatively cheap housing,- since the situation is not reciprocal: working class people cannot afford to buy in predominantly middle class areas. Secondly, by renovating and rebuilding his house,. he introduces a further contradiction: the assessment value of the neighboring, non-renovated houses increases. Thus through tax increases, the cost of housing and living rises in the area. Now other “smart” middle class people will be attracted to the area, and will compete successfully with wo<king class buyers, as they are capable of paying higher prices and larger down payments. Generally speaking, one could say, that middleclass people in these neighborhoods are concerned with the aesthetics of their environment, while the working class element will by necessity be more concerned with mere survival and with keeping the cost of living down. 1 When it comes to the attitude towards schools, this same middle class element is critical of the educational system, largely because it is regimented, authoritarian and thwarting of all creativity. They make demands for child centered education,
754 the Chevroti
ana sex (male), orten nave a me-long ieaaersniptraining. Community action in the form of frequent meetings and public confrontations gives them great ego rewards and invariably advances their careers, whether they be university professors, planners, journalists, lawyers or aspiring politicians. (To be more specific : two active participants in “community organizing” in Toronto, Karl JafP T, seweli, tl 11 went A.1into civic -- poiitics; ,*1rary ana, Jonn ana v Jim Lorimer, another activist, became a regular, columnist for a conservative newspaper in Toronto. While the working class was invariably defeated, the middle class leaders benefited personally.) Furthermore, the social life of the middle class element is often integrally-part of their political involvement in the neighbourhoods, and this makes their involvement even ,more satisfying. Consequently, they prefer this type of functioning, meeting after meeting, a lot of publicity, public confrontations,:&/ of which are the polar opposites of quiet, long-term exclusive to it.
Confrontations and catering to the --media consume time and rapidly elevate certain persons into leadership and spokesmen positions, from which they find it difficult to remove themselves in order to get back to the rank and file membership. One ends up spending a lot of time with various media representatives, trying both to explain to them what is happening in the area, and then correcting the mistakes and actual falsehoods, that make their way into the print. Meeting after meeting is spent in discussing how to “deal with the media”, while the immediate tasks of talking and listening to the grass roots becomes secondary. The continuous attention from the‘media thus successfully drives a wedge between the leadership and the rank and filed Again, even the mildest dose of class analysis / would prevent this. One has to see the media for what it is: the mouthpiece for the ruling elements. Under these circumstances to speculate whether an individual reporter is trustworthy or not, is a total waste of time. When it comes to a crunch-and it always does-individual reporters are thoroughly powerless to determine how much of the stories or broadI casts sees daylight.
The working class, on the other hand, as any other colonized people (like the blacks, Indians and women) have no training in leadership and verbal skills, are socially insecure and feel inferior when having to deal with or work with highly literate and extremely verbal middle class elements. As a rule they are not able to challenge verbally authorities-or any middle class people’, for that matter-in big or small meetings; are not able to handle “big words” ; and feel-quite correctlythat circles are being talked around their heads by conservative and radical middle class elements alike. One can observe in public meetings, time after time, that when an occasional working class person musters courage to get up and say something it is usually a big emotional outburst, which is either totally ignored or paternalistically received by the middle class elements present. It is obvious that an immigrant worker is in an even worse position, since his language problems reduce him to total passivity at such meetings. Another significant class differential is that the workers invariably have to get to work early in the morning, whereas the middle class professionals can determine their own hours. Consequently, the meetings that middle class e/ements thrive in, create boredom, anger and anxiety on the part of the working class participants: there is
no ego satisfaction involved for them, and certainly no career advancement to be hoped for. Frequent neighborhood meetings to “talk things over”, have only negative meaning for the ordinary working class person, and are generally considered to be a total waste of time, since they produce no concrete results. After a while they stop attending altogether, and the organization is now fully in the
hands of the middle class est it has been run all aion] This dropping out of th is, I contend, what has h( borhoods where middle ( ments have been organic these circumstances it is ! servative and reactionkq and elsewhere, to point c peatedly done in Torontoiented and controlled reE community organizations and do not represent the working class parson in the
Now, the reactionaries I-I think that, because the w( not join these organization what is. 1 The correct conclusion i satisfied the working cla actively participate in or ent the ideology of a diffe the organizations ranging liberal and new democrLii dents’ associations, comm wide range of other organ organizations. (Voting is ter : as long as there is no working class in the form ( that is totally committ4 on the basis of personali spread non-voting patten tion declares clearly: a pl es.)
One could forgive this collection of trivia, if the 81st item would have been: “provided and popularized a class analysis of the operation of the power structure in Toronto”, or “started educating the ‘community about the role of the working class in Canadian history”. Not only is the Riverdale brgahization not educating, but it announces proudly that the organization is not politic-alas if such a non-political animal existed anywhere. What they actually mean is that they will do their utmost to keep the- working c/ass - the actual political majority - apolitical, while the middle class and the ruling class, which constitute a tiny minority in the country, definitely act politically, i.e. they-advance their own interests aggressively. Through organizations such as the Riverdale organization, the working class is going to be led into insidious “participatory democracy” games, while the powers-that-be continue their total control over all aspects of the lives of the working class. \ l
. Adapted from Transformation: theory practice of social change, Marjaleena Repo, editor. Transformation is a new bi-inon thly magazine publisheg in Toron to. For information, write c/o PO. box 6 179, terminal ‘A ‘, Toronto 7.
city neighborhoods &d in working class areas where middle class organizers assumed leadership, a major contradiction developed around the urban renewal issue. The working class elements, when they were allo wed adequate expression, invariab/y rejected urban renewa/ in any form, since it has never ceased to be a threat to their existence. Thus in Toronto’s Trefann Court, an absolute majority of working-class homeowners (who are the ones who are directly under the gun), announced in march 1968 that they wanted no part of the existing urban !ments, in whose interrenewal schemes, that they wanted to be left alone. They asked for enforcement of housing standards working class element and a general normalization of their area. Similar lened in all the neighrequests were made, and similar sentiments were ss liberal radical eleexpressed by the working class elements in Don Inally involved. Under Vale and Kensington, Jwo other urban renewal I very difficult for conareas in Toron to. oX.ticians at City Hall The middle class elements, on- the other hand, -which they have rewere intrigued by the urban renewal game and wilat the middle class orling to play it for ever and ever, (They can always ants t, associations and pick up and move back into their own areas). Innot have the numbers stead of demanding to be left alone, they insisted on terests of the average more participation, and presented hopelessly u2cnective areas. topian schemes (in the sense that they did not have the forces to back up those schemes and to turn the demands-into serious political demands), to be dis,hy cussed in endless meetings. They considered the ke a mistake when they working class position of outright rejection as ring class residents do “negative”, and spent much %ime and effort in trythey are satisfied with ing to involve the residents in “positive” planning. The Trefann court residents’ association, for inhat no matter how disstance, was manipulated back into a planning prois, it will not join or cess which now allows them, four years after the nizations that represintroduction of the urban renewal s?heme, to parnt class. That goes for ticipate in their own slow destruction. Needless-to ‘ram the conservative say, by returning to the negotiation table, the assorties, as well as resisociation lost its credibility among the working ity organizations and a class home owners in the area, who had previously Itions, including labour so strongly rejected the scheme. (Unlike in labour slightly different’ matnegotiations,. where at least workers are making ear alternative for the demands about wages, benefits and working condia movement or a party tions, there is nothing to “negotiate” in urban re) that class, they vote newal areas, because the working class has not :s, although the wideasked for urban renewal in the first place. Particin -the general populapation in that context is like being allowed to :ue on ALL your houschoose the colour and texture of the rope that one is to be hanged by.)
Some of our community control advocates realize that the working class is not politically ready to raise the demand for political power ( “community control”), but their “solution” is equally absurd. They will start “from where the people are at”, which in terms of their political consciousness is nowhere, and by taking them through small steps ’ involving extreme/y low-level organizing around trivial issues, they suggest the working class will grow in political stature and gain knowledge about “how the system works” and be then capable of larger achievements. (Of course, the working class people involved are never notified about this “educational process” set up for their presumed benefit! ) This is the way it’s supposed to be, but that’s not the way it works. Organizers, who start at a very low level, at the level of neighborhood management, have invariably been forced to keep themselves extremely busy at this level. They therefore have no time for political education, even if they had the desire. The busy work makes analysis impossible, and orients the people away from both. Since busywork does not effect real changes in the lives of working class people, their participation will gradually fall off. When that happens,’ the middle class elements involved will raise the cry for more organizers. They see the solution to what they perceive as “apathy”, in more of the isstie (i.e. more busywork) rather than in something qualitatively different. (A handful of working class people will continue participating and will be proudly exhibited by the middle Class elements. They are, of course, merely token representatives of the crass, and become, ,through their participation in middle class oriented orgaiiizations, removed from, their own class. This same phenomenon takes place in the labor unions, where capable rank and filers are “promoted” into leadership positions. Through association with middle class oriented bureaucrats they cease to relate to their own class.) These types of organizations become subst_itutes for aldermen as is proven for instance by the record of the Riverdale community-organization in Toronto, a much-lauded “militant” organization, consisting of about fifteen tiny block or area organizations, half-a-dozen churches, various social agencies, political riding organizations and service clubs. They list eighty achievements during a period of a year, all of them, with&t exception at the neighbourhood management level: 9“Post office department installed a mailbox in Blake Street development. ” l “Additional street lighting on busy street (provided) by Department of Public Works:” 1 @“Metro Police agreed to and conducted speed checks in Eastern-Logan area.” @“Parks and Recreation Departmefit installs fences on the North side of Allen-Boulton parkette. ” t @“City Property Department cleared weeds at north end of Ashdale. ” And on and ori it goes with 75 additional items.
The notion that the working class is a babe in arms that has to be taught-carefully, slowly-to walk, by holding the hands of the liberal middle class adult., only reveals the colossal ignorance and arrogance of the middle class elements in action. What they are in fact dealing with is a sleeping giant, who has to be woken up from its slumber; When awake, it walksxnd talks without instruction and guidance and when erect, it stands so tall that the “helping hand” of .the well-meaning incompetent middle class elements won’t be able to reach .to the knees of the giant, let alone its hand. Waking up the giant is what political education is all about. It cannot be emphasized enough how different the two approaches are: the babe-in-arms approach patronizes, talks down to, leads the working class into little parlor games and dances-and to defeat; whereas the second approach is direct, is conscious of the tremendous potentials in the working class to affect fundamental changes, and is equally aware of limitations in both the present consciousness of the working class and in its current ability to act collectively and effectively in its own interest. Organizationally the differences are equally significant. A neighborhood organization that would operate in the interest of the working class, would behave something like this: it would make sure that leadership at an exceutive level would largely consist of men and women with working class background; it would introduce leadership training at every level of operation, thus preventing a dependency on often unreliable middle class elements: it would introduce political education around specific issues, i.e. the class nature of issues would be spelled out clearly, and the connection between various issues would be established-thus moving the residents beyond neighborhood issues, enabling them to connect with working class elements else&here; direct< feedback as well as grassroots control would be built into the organization, thus preventing, from the beginning, the possibility of the leadership becoming distant from the grassroots; regular meetings would be held to establish this connection, to get new ideas about everyday practice, and to involve the membership in various tasks ; these meetings would be well organized, neither bureaucratically run or chaotic, thus engbling the membership to articulate its will without hindrance. In such organizations there would be no defeats, only temporary setbacks, from which brie would learn important lessons in strategy and tactics. (One lesson, that the working class knows already, but which middle class elements are un-s able to learn, is that-you have to organize for numbers, i.e. to-create a mass base. It is hot enough to have a dynamic organization in one neighborhood; it has to spread all over the city and operate from a unified working class perspective. )
In overview, the concept of community control, as advocated by middle class elements is for all practical purposes a useless one in English Canada. It is not applicable to neighborhoods with a mixture of social classes, since no community is possible between different social classes, until the middle class elements acquire a working class perspective (politically, not sociologically). Such community control is not applicable to immigrant communities since these are not nations, nor to the working class in Canada, si.nce it is presently not sufficiently politically educated to have a united perspective. The working class concept of community ‘control, on theother hand, of majority rule, of working class power, is the one that has to be advocated and towards which people have to be organized, in the neighborhoods and in the working places. It has to be advanced to oppose the present “community control” of a minority class ruling over the vast majority of people.
Tear up the lawn, grow cjrass and get high by Dave Fleming
It is best to start the seeds in soil which has good aeration, holds moisture, and is free of bacteria and other living organisms, so as to avoid stem rot, mites, and other complications. In most cases, it is best to avoid planting seeds or young plants in city soil which is acidic. Alkaline soil is needed and can usually be found where dandelions and other such weeds flourish. In order to prepare the soil: certain materials are useful. Kitty litter, vermiculite, or milorginite provide good amorphous compounds. Washed sand and sphagnum moss also provides a good mixture compound. mst of these materials are available at any nursery or garden shop. If these materials are not available, regular alkaline soil will do and should be obtained from the final growing site to lessen the shock of transplanting. If this is not possible, one can usually plant young plants in the same soil in which they developed. All that is necessary is to make a larger hole and allow for the original soil to cover the roots. Regular soil has a tendency to become packed when watered constantly, and the plants do not get adequate supply of air. Subsequently, they may develop complications and fail to mature. To avoid this, mix your soil with tiny pebbles or even kitty litter. After the plants reach a height of six to eight inches, it is safe to assume that they will mature, but they will not develop into good grass plants if they are left in moist soil. That is why transplanting is recommended. One coddles the, young plants by providing a nice aerated and moist medium. Then by changing the environment to a hot and dry medium, the plant will protect itself and grow into ,’ good grass.
Germinating The first step in germinating is to’soak the seeds in clean lukewarm water for 24 hours. If by chance you happen to be on
welfare or unemployment and have loads of free time, there is an alternate and more elaborate method. Lay out about four or five layers of paper towels and spread the seeds on top. Then cover the seeds with 4 or 5 more layers of paper towels. Roll the whole thing up in an old terrycloth towel and soak the rolled towel in warm water. Place the towel in a very warm place-near the heater etc. Continue this soaking process fqr about 6 days and then very, very carefully remove the towel. Seedlings will have begun to grow and send their roots through the layers of paper into the towel. Separate the roots from the towel fibers very carefully so as not to damage any of the root hairs. Upon peeling back the fourth layer, you will find many plants in various stages of development. Some will have a little bit of root extending from the seed, while -others will have cast off their seed pods and grown two round yellowish leaflike things called cotyledons. These are what you will want to plant.
The soil in your planter should be fairly firm and moist. It should not be flooded. Poke rows of holes about l/2 inch deep and about F/2 inch apart. Cover the seeds with the soil, tamp the soil lightly, and sprinkle water lightly over the covered seeds. Next place the planter in a spot which is reasonably warm and allows a minimum of 8 hours a day of sunlight. If this is not possible, the planter must be placed under a flourescent light or a 60 watt incandescent bulb until the plants germinate. After the seeds have sprouted, the artificial light should be used to supplement the natural light. Total light exposure should never exceed 18 hours a day. One of the most common errors in growing grass indoors in its initial stages of development, is to leave the plants under the artificial source of light for 24 hours a day after they have broken through the soil. Naturally, the plants will grow faster, but in a short time the top portion will be-
come too heavy for the spindly; stem to support and it will lop over and invariably die. Eighteen hours a day of light is entirely sufficient. If the soil is kept relatively moist, the seeds should sprout within 10 days. If you . have used the towel technique as described in the germinating section, whereby your seeds have already sprouted, plant the seedlings so as to cover the seed, but not so-deep that any of the first leaves are covered. ’ The plants should be grown in this medium for about one month and must have the minimum 8 hours of sunlight each day or the appropriate amount of artificial light.
Check with the weather bureau to insure that the season of frosty nights has passed. The young plants will not even be able to withstand even a mild frost. After having chosen a site, keep in mind that it is better to plant several small patches in a couple of locations rather than one big patch. There is less danger of the crop being discovered by either the authorities or fellow farmers and less danger of your crop being destroyed accidentally by various predators. Prepare the soil about two weeks before the planting by spading the area to a depth of about 1% feet and mixing the soil with a little fertilizer. It is generally a good idea to mix a little of the soil in which the seeds germinated in with the soil in which they will be growing. Grass doesn’t grow very well in highly acidic soil. It is simple to take a sample to your local nursery. Ask-about the soil conditions, and more specificially about . the sample in your hand. With regard to fertilizers, the soluble nitrate kind are best: nitrate of soda, sulfate of ammonia, and other nitrogenbased fertilizers are recommended. Organic types, if available, are preferable. To enhance the soil, one can add a cup of hydrated lime per square yard of soil, and water it a few times to let the lime penetrate the soil.
The planter (where the plants are growing before transplantation) should be watered the day before the day of transplanting. This loosens the soil and allows the plants to be lifted from the soil with a minimum of root damage which might inevitably stifle the seedling’s growth. Make preparations to transplant on a cloudy day. If this is not possible, transplant a few hours before sunset so that the plants will not have to endure the hot sun right away. Take the plants to the site and give each plant at least two feet- of growing space. Do not transplant the plants any deeper than they were growing in your planter. Cover with soil and tamp lightly. After transplanting, water the site until it is saturated, (not flooded). This should be enough moisture for a few days unless the weather becomes extremely hot and dry. If this happens you can either water the plant at intermittent intervals or employ a more elaborate protection device by covering each plant with a white paper bag with holes cut in it for side ventilation. A brown paper bag may be used in case of a sudden frost because of its heat retention capabilities. _ The first 48 hours after transplanting is the most critical period in the short life of the plant. If any of the plants seem to died, leave them alone for a couple of weeks. Sometimes they revitalize themselves by shedding the old leaves and growing new ones. Hardy little bastards aren’t they?
If you decide to grow your crop indoors, the most important consideration is that of artificial light. The success of your crop depends entirely on how you utilize the artificial light you have chosen. Adapted from the complete to growing marijuana
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Africa firm’s south african distributor was an equal opportunity employer, the distributor had to deny it. “I don’t know what they were talking about,” Frank and Hirsch director Berman, told the Johannesburg star, “We are governed by the laws of the country: Would they allow the existence of such a policy? It is not possible.” Government controlled “bantu” education specifically and openly trains blacks for inferior positions. The government says, “There is no place for him (the black) in the european (white) community above the level of certain forms of labor.” Polaroid sales in south Africa amount to less than 1.5 million dollars a year out of a worldwide sales of about 500 million dollars. However, there are 300 other US corporations which reap sizeable profits in south Africa. Polaroid has economic ‘connections with several of them. James Killian, chairman of the MIT corpora- ‘ tion and a director at Polaroid, is on the board of directors of GM. GM controls 18 percent of the auto sales in Africa. They hire blacks who work in their factories with starting wages of 50 cents an hour. Polaroid deals with two banksMorgan Trust Company of New t7ork and- the Chemical Bank. Morgan Trust was one of the primary financial supporters of south Africa following the sharpeville massacre of 1960 when nearly 100 black people were gunned down at a peaceful demonstration organized to protest the recently instituted passbook laws. The loans floated to south Africa allowed it to pull through the economic and political crisis which followed the massacre and to become the country with the highest profit rate in the world. The Chemical Bank has extensive interests in south Africa and is already the target of-a UN resolution against its pro-apartheid advertising. When Edwin Land, the‘ brain behind Polaroid and chairman of its board of directors, says that he doesn’t want to be pushed around by a group like the PWRM, he speaks for a whole community of corporate and -financial interests. “I know one thing,” said Land, “If we at this moment, cut off all our business in south Africa, then the newspapers will be full of the vast Polaroid revolutionary movement . . . We would have a series of new demands, and there is no doubt that the management would not meet them . . . The world,is watching us right now. Other companies are saying that if Polaroid can’t make the grade, none of us can.” The Polaroid worker’s revolutionary movement has called for an international boycott of Polar- oid products until the company pulls out of south Africa.
CAMBRIDGE, Mass. (LNS) - The Polaroid corporation has announced that it will fight south african apartheid by continuing to do business there. -It rejected the demands of the PWRM’ (Polaroid revolutionary worker’s movement) a black worker’s caucus within its Cambridge factory who asked Polaroid to cut its ties with south africa and contribute the profits it has made in that country since 1938 to several african liberation movements. The company announced in full page advertise-’ ments in newspapers throughout the country that while it would stop sales to official government agencies, it will continue selling to private south africa companies. Polaroid admitted that it has been selling the south african government an instant photo ID system which the military uses to make “passbook” photos of the country’s blacks. Since 1960 blacks in south africa have had to carry these pass-books at all times. Although blacks . make up 83 percent of the population, they can’t vote, can’t organize trade unions or political parties. Skilled jobs are reserved for whites. Black people can be deported to rural reserves and not allowed back in the cities, or be forced to leave their families for government assigned work. Polaroid also announced plans for an “experiment” in black education for south Africa. The program involves upgrading and training for nonwhite employees who Polaroid finally admits are underpaid. The proposal also includes provisions for about 500 scholarships for black african students. The total package will cost the company an estimated 100,000 dollars per year. Polaroid’s public relations campaign about this progressive experiment cost just about as much. Polaroid’s plans were drawn up when it’s fourman multi-racial fact - finding team recently returned from a ten-day trip to south Africa. The trip was spurred by months of demonstrations and boycotts led by the PWRM. The company claims that their team spoke to black africans who want Polaroid to do business in south Africa. It is a treasonable offense in south Africa, to support any campaign for economic withdrawal of foreign- firms or sanctions. An-yone found guilty of such support is ‘sentenced to death. What south african would have been foolish enough to suggest economic withdrawal to Polaroid’s visiting team? South african labor legislation also makes it illegal for any black to occupy a position above any white in a company. “Equal opportunity” em, ployment is completely out of the question in south Africa. When Polaroid headquarters in Cambridge announced that Frank and Hirsch, the
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The College i_ of Education University
1971-72PROGRAM Leading I THE
and to the Interim High School Assistant’s Certificate granted by the Ontario Department of Education. The monday,
following feb. 22.
Anderson,-Bryan Beers, Norm . Bell, Ross Bennett, Jeff Blaney, Dave Bradley, Wayne Buchan, Charlotte Burnett, Nigel Caron, Dianne Certain, Tom Charboneau, Dane Ciolfi, Renato Cubberly, Dave Dorschner, Kathy Douglas, Bryan Edelman, Meg Elsworthy, Phil Epp, Anita Bob Faulk, Johanna Genest, Myles Genest, Sharon Hamer, Colin Hyodo, Eleanor Izma, Steve Lawson, Paul Lukachko, Alan Marshall, Pete
-_ -1’ ’
corrections by 5 p.m.
or alterations must Wednesday, feb. 70.
Matthews, Burt McCutcheon, Dave I McGann, Dennis Meharg, Bruce Minke, Doug Moore, Gord Moore, Terry Morrice, Mary Murgoci, Mihail Nelson, John Purdy, Tom Robins, Gary Rotman, Mel Sheldon, Bill . Simister, Stan Smith, Alex Smith, Ron Soucie, Brian Steele, Bruce T Sullivan, Nick Sumner, Kipper Switzman, Elaine Tomory, Krista Wilkinson, Pete Williams, Janice Lee Wilson, Brenda Ziegenhagen, Manfred
Since enrolment in the 1971 - 72- program will be limited to 1300 students, preference will be given to candidates with superior academic qualifications for teaching subjects in which there is a shortage of qualified teachers in Ontario secondary . schools. APPLICATION Candidates are urged to apply as soon as possible. The closing date for receipt of applications is April 1, 1971. ADMISSION It is expected that candidates will be notified not later than June 1, 1971, whether or not they have been admitted to the program. / FOR
The Registrar, The College of Education, University of Toronto, 37 1 Bloor Street West, _ Toronto 181.
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Where are the leaders? Anyone wilt tell you that the Leadersare enjoying the advantages of military training and university subsidization through the Regular Officer Training Plan (ROTP). If you are a full time male undergraduate. student with a successful academic record you should know about the opportunities that the Canadian Armed Forces can offer you as an ROTP cadet.You will continue your civilian studies towards a degree at your University.
Man invented the game of bas1 ketball knowing full well that one team will win and one must lose. Last Wednesday night the Western Mustangs won while our Warriors lost. The only reason for this defeat was the fact the game lasted exactly forty minutes. If eighty-eight to eightseven sounds like a close score, you should have been at alumni hall to see it all happen. The Warriors supporting a four game win streak broke into a quick lead which they increased to a 36-17 margin with six minutes left in the first half. Western regained some- composureand closed the score to 46-37 at the end of twenty minutes. Jaan Laniste holding a hot hand hooped 21 points during the first twenty minutes, while Tom Keiswetter potted an additional 11. Bruce Dempster >with 15 led the I Stangs, who found it hard to find the hoop. The shooting percentages from the floor for the half were indicative of the play with Waterloo shooting 45% and Western 33. The first fifteen minutes in the second half belonged to Western as Dempster, Kreek, and Hersink went crazy for 21, 12 and 10 points respectively. The Uniwat b-ballers looked like Hansel and Gretel in their search for the gingerbread house, as time and time again the Mustangs walked in unmolested and took the easy jumper. If by chance the shot wasn’t there, Dempster merely threw the ball in the general direction of the basket, knowing full well that it had to land some where. Some of ’ his baskets were so unbelievable that the referees had to stop the game in order to wipe the flies off the ball. Then with five minutes remaining in the game and trailing 8272, the Warriors came to life. Walt Lozinsky drove for two straight baskets, while Kieswetter and Laniste added singles to draw within two points. Western got their fifth three point play of the night and led 85-82 before Kieswetter and Lozinsky tied it at 85-85. Another basket by Dempster made it 87-85 with twenty-five seconds left, but six seconds later, Laniste was fouled and sunk both to tie the score 87-87.
The Mustangs pressing to score the winner, threw the ball right into the Warriors hands and vie tory seemed imminent as the Warriors called for a time out with ten seconds left. But Wait! The referee is confering with the scorers table and indicates that Waterloo has no time-outs remaining and Western will get a technical free throw. Can this be for real? Thirty-nine
minutes of fifty seconds of basketball to be decided by one free throw attempt by 12 for 12 Dempster? Result: an 88-87 win for Western even though they were outplayed everywhere except the Dempster line (i mean foul line ) . For the Warriors it was a bitter defeat after such a determined come from behind effort. Jaan Laniste was superb on offense as he tallied 29 points and any defensive weakness could be blamed on sheer exhaustion as he recovered ten lose balls and grabbed eight rebounds. Tom Kieswetter played a strong offensive game with 20 and held -his check to 8. Walt Lozinsky with one of his finest half in a Warrior uniform saw his poise and ball-control lead the way to the comeback, he had Warrior twelve points all in the second half, fourteen rebounds and turned the ball over only once all evening. Perhaps the key to the loss can be found in the fact that the other six big men could only manage 23 points between them. If the Warriors hope to gain a playoff berth, they must get more scoring from the likes of Bilewicz, Dragan, Lance and Hamilton. Bruce Dempster finished up with a mere 36 points and Stoney Kreek followed up with 20 for Western. Al Brown the Mustangs star centre and 0-QAA scoring
leader was held to a meagre nine points. The hoopsters are now behind the familialr spot, that being the eight-ball, as they face a win-ordie McMaster crew on Saturday. As the league stands now Windsor is in top spot with five wins and one loss, Waterloo second with four and two, while Western and McMaster are tied at four and three. A win would probably secure second place until we play Windsor in the last game of the season. McMaster must win to stay alive in the playoff race and will be very very up for this game. Look for some changes in the Warrior front line, as coach Lavelle searches for the success formula. We’ll see you all at the gym tomorrow as the Warriors plaster McMaster. Happy
an extra added attraction for tomorrow night’s game, the Waterloo men’s volleyball team will play an exhibition , match against the current OQAA champs, the Western Mustangs. This game will play from 6: 30 p.m. and the Stangs will be using the game as a warm-up for their CIAU championship games to be held in Sudburv Y later in the month.
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Walt played a strqng game on the boards anpl sunk 12 too.
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A drubbing is . a drubbing no. 5:4.1.2 and a fast 11:54.5 reslject(2:08.0), while _ cominghome matter how it is done and this is s ively. He -.went over eight secsecond in the -200 breaststroke ,exactly what .&appened in the on& faster in the UlOO free than (2:29.1). / phys-ed ’ water hole - Wednesday -he did in, M&ill on the weekend The 200 im -mark i’s a new team night: . and that was his first attempt at record while W-alker’s time in . The ,,$mbined Warriors and B swimming. long&t distance. the fly event is the fastes’t%gisAthenas swim teams nearly douRobinson was just. behind MP tered by any qollegiate swimmer’ , bled the score’%n the McMaster _ Ewan coming- home j in -5 :47.0 in ~- ‘, ’ I. . <>.the 500 free and 12 : 11.3 in the 1000 in Canada this’season. Marauders 161-82 in the. final home swim-meets for both. teams yd. race. _ c - , The distance swimmers, Rolfe 1 with the exception of 0-QAA and Brad Walker. also: came McEwan and - Dave Robinson against the Canadian championships. one-two through with two’ wins in the 200 placed Queen’s pair in. the 1,000 yd. free-- . The -Athenas - came through butterfly in a time of-2: 11.3 and in His style in @es of 12 :03.9 and f very- big picking ‘up first place, the, 200 yard breaststroke. 1wins in %‘ll~15 events and shellacktime for the-‘ breaststroke was 1209.5 respectively. s 4 s ing the visiting girls 108 to 23. 2:33.0, some. five seconds ahead - yh. event In the 500 the: same The/-men had a little more trou-’ -of Cunningham of McMaster. two Warriors came in second %ble, .and were out ‘pointed 59-53. Lester Newby could- only man‘and third over .all in good times of 5s 44 6 and 5.$.3 o Warrior swimmers, could only age one iietory er- thk three * * ’ ‘, ’ I manage five victories while the metre- board for the Warriors I Marauders W@ eight,,. many cause Wednesday night. Over the shorter distances .. coming in the freestyle events. Meanwhile the university of _ ihe Uniwat speedsters also Diver Ann Stiles lead off the Waterloo Warriors split their placed very’ high. 3n the quick meet with wins on both the one wkekend- meet Saturday \in Mont50 yd. event both Terry Little and three metre boards, outand Bruce Murray defeated both real,.. z * university Golden pointing - Mary Bridgeman from ’ The Q&n’s McGill Redmen competitors but Hamilton .by nine points each _ Gaels were trounced by the lot- . came in just behind a Gaelsswimtime. ‘als for the se-cond- time in two-‘ mer ’ in times of 24.7 and 24.8 . . NO less than three -Athena ‘weeks, 77-36 but the Warriors seconds. swimmers *r Lee.-4. Fraser, Judy Ab- . came OUT on-the short end Of the _ George Roy p&&d up -two set. 11 1. 1 1-s -- -botts ana Joy stratten- were triple score, 62-50 to 1‘he. experienced. onds in the 200 butter.-.iy and 200 *winners at the meet. This was the f reestyle races, in times of 2 : 09.5 McGill squad. Fraser won the 50 and 100 freefirst time the U] niwat team -had and 1:57.4 respectively an_d then _ z1.6 ana * eVC!r SWalTl agaiIlSt the Montrealstyle races -in ‘*times ormn-T swam the. anchor feg for the 1:02.7 ; She also won the 100 back- -ers ,ex,cept in 0-QAA champion’ Warriors 400 freestyle relaystroke 2swimin 1:14.7.1, _ P.. l!, ship team in a fast 53.0 seconds. -,-a’ ano. 1~ afifs, The SW buttenly events Brad, Walker 1picked up thir‘Roy overtook the Gaels swim- . teen -goints for fi rst place finish’ were taken by Judy Abbotts. Her mer in the l&t lap >-to bring the times -were <31.O and l’tO8.4 reses in- the 206’ in dividual medley relay tea,m of ;Raul Sharpe, Doug ’ peCtiv$y. The 50 yd. Lorriman and Murray home to, a-,--,A --- tef$fpLpF ^. I. . (2:12.5) and ~thce 200 butterfly ‘was a1sw r’-- snayyeu up uy .tuwwllY a secobd place finish to McGill * ~ - , -inaq uick 33.9 seconds. T in a time of 3 : 36.2. j. The grrls u~s~ance ‘evenls were Diver Lester Newby who’ has ’ won in a walk by Joy Stratten; been consistently, picking up the ’ Stratten- went a speedy 2:15.0 in wins ~for the -Warriors did ‘it ’ the 209 freestyle and a 4:46.3 in \ again this weekend. In “Montreal the 409 freestvle. Jov also went 2.6 Newby pla&ed. first on the three seconds faster than Athenas JO metre - board ani.- second .on the _ Ann McKinty in -1: 11.8 for ’ the one metre.. Newcomer Joe -Dun? ,100 yd.. individual medley to ford diving. in his first meet with round out her three win& the. team placed third ’ behind‘ McKinty, the team’s breastNewby in-: the. one metre crpmpestroke specialist; _took the 56 and. - tition. 100 yard events in 35.4 and 1: 18.5. -; .-The university “of ’ Waterloo The Athenas rounded out their will be the scene of the 0-QAA victories by staking both relay women’s swimmikg championI events. They ,came home in 2:09.0 ships next f riday and Saturday., in the 200 medley relay while In all, ten teams will .be cornthe 200, free relay was won in _ -4 peting, McMaster, 7 McGill, West1:56.2., em, Guelph, Windsor, .York, Mont- The Warriors, still recuperatreal, Queeri’s, Toronto and Watering after friday’s 1 o n g trip _ loo. through a snow storm to Montreal A&on begins with the 1 metre and then returning right after diving/going at 10 a.m ,friday, the meet, didn’t fare nearly as the . swimming followed by well as was anticipated. heats at i p.m. ’ : 1 ’ Distance swimmers Rolfe MC-. The;. finals will= go at 10 a.m. Ewan and Dave Robinson ?ame Warriors R’ol;fe M@wan postSaturday ‘morning and, -the two in one two in --both the ,-500 -and dai meet is expected to wind up* , 1000 yd. freestyleevents, MC-: ed two w&s over Mat wednes*:J, _. bylp.m. Ewan covered the distan& in _ &y.c .
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Our track and field Warriors were off to far away places over the weekend. This time sixteen of them showed up at the Michigan relays and besides giving a good account of themselves, used it as a chance to warm up For today’s biggie. Bill Lindlay holding the fort in the long jump, took a very creditable third with a leap of 46’10”. On the track, Tommie Pearson and Jon Arnett found the competition in the two-mile very impressive and finished with personal bests of 9: 15.4 and 9:35. Mike Strenge found his, competition very stiff also, and although not in the pink himself ran a 1: 16 in the 600 yards. Freshman Al Monks continues to impress‘everyone, now he is after the half-milers. While teammate Kip Sumner was winning the 880 yds. in 1:56.5, ,A1came home under two minutes for the first time in 1: 59.4. Later on, Kipper and Al came back with Bruce Walker and Jim Strothard and ran a 7 :53.9 two-mile relay, this time was good enough to qualify them for the indoor games, as well as breaking the existing Warrior record by twelve seconds. Switching from the past to the present, there is track action today at maple leaf gardens, where in the afternoon, the Warriors will try to .add the university indoor title to the outdoor championship of last fall. Coach Mike Houston will send a team of 23 athletes to the meet. Victories are expected from hurdler George Neeland, sprinter Dennis McGann, crack miler Bruce W,alker, two-miler Sammy Pearson, halfmiler Kip Sumner, quarter-miler Russ Gynp, and javelin ace Glen Arbeau, as well as the mile relay team. “Golly, we reallyt want this one,” claimed Houston late last night. On the basis of their performances today, athletes will’be selected to represent the 0-QAA in the Canadians to be held at Winnipeg later this winter. Hopefully, the majority flying out west will wear black \ and gold, but they might not.
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the third weekend in a raw the Warrior wrestlers were on the road, and for the third time in a row they defeated their opposition. This time it was their host, McGill, and Queen’s university who came out on the losing end of an 83-23-18 score. It was one of the Warriors most devastating performances which saw nine Uniwat grapplers take double victories. The highlight of the meet was rookie Ross Barable’s 7-O decision over last year’s 0-QAA 167 pound champion, Bob Cazes of Queen’s. Our rookies stood out as their fine performances helped to fill the Warrior point coffers. In the 118 lb. class Barry Bryant, won with a pin and a default. Don Spink (142)) won from McGill with a pin and took a decision’ from Queens. Our other top rookie Ross Barable as well as decisioning Cazes, won a decision from his McGill opponent. John Barry (134), had pinning wins in both his matches. The first match would have ended in the second period as he had a pinning combination on Queen’s Harvey, but ran out of time. He quickly disposed of him in the third period and went on to pin Chong Fatt Hsung of McGill in the first. Returning to his 0-QAA winning weight class of 190 lbs., George Saunders won a 6-3 #decision over Bob Hartley from McGill and gained a default win over Queens. Bob Padfield, after his injury layoff, found no competition in the heavyweight class and won both bouts by default. Jim Moom (126) and Don Spink (142) both gained pins over their McGill opponents and decisioned their opposition frqm Queen’s. Meanwhile, teammate Fred Scheel had trouble with 0-QAA champ Bruce Todd of McGill and lost on a decision, he came back in round three to defeat Mike Dywytie of Queen’s by the same method. This leaves only Pat Bolger, who encountered no difficulty in this meet and won both his matches by pins in the early minutes of the first round both times. Perhaps he and the rest of the team will meet tougher opposition tomorrow when they travel to 6 Ann Arbor for the Michigan wrestling club invitational. With only two weeks left before the championships in Kingston, it appears that first year coach Kurt Boese has rounded his team into a top choice for retention of their team title. His job is made easier because of knowledge of wrestling combined with his sense of humor has gained him the respect and affection of all members of the team.
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January proved to be an impressive month for the university of Waterloo curlers. In four curling bonspiels we won three and finished second in the fourth. uOn january 9th, the rink skipped by Hugh McCarrel with Pete Hindle, John Pearson, and Brian Fisher won the Brock invitational curling bonspiel: The following Saturday the same McCarrel rink won all three of their games only to finish second on points to a university of Western Ontario rink. On Saturday; january 23rd, the rink skipped by Mark Schacter, with Brenda Grant, Brian Fisher, and Sue Beckett won the university of Western Ontario mixed invitational bonspiel. And the following week, despite the weather, the rink skipped by Pete Finch with Mike Ash, Wayne Steski and Bill Icton made it to London and back and in so doing, I won the university of Western Ontario men’s open bonspiel. While all this was going on, playdowns for the men’s and ladies varsity teams were taking place. The girl’s team was picked by themselves as a result of their ability. The team composed of skip Robin Preece with Barb Dowler, Sharon Scholar and Arlene Thomas won two out of three games at the Waterloo Lutheran invitational bonspiel and will proceed as a result to the 0-QAA championships at Ottawa tomorrow and next Saturday. The men% varsity playdowns were decided by a ten team single knock out arrangement. This term’s champion the rink skipped by Len Easton (who played second for Manitoba in the 1969 Brier-the canadian curling championships). with Terry Norman, Gary Cousins and Al Fruman, played the McCarrel rink of Pete Hindle, John Pearson and Brian Fisher in a best two out of three series. Easton won the first game on his last rock, McCarrel won the second in an extra end and then proceeded to win the third and deciding game by a score of 13 to 8. ‘This enabled them to go on to the 0-QAA western division championship at Guelph today and tomorrow.
Guelph- helps;’ beat 6Iu.e.s 6-5:
Laiallaw, Fiirargo spark - ‘5-3 witi over Stcmgs by Bick chevron
After an unsteady first period last friday night, the Warriors fired four unanswered goals in the second to defeat the University of Western Ontario Mustangs 5-3 at water100 arena. The Warriors, who haven’t lost a game in Waterloo this season, had their fans wondering what had happened to the team. The Warriors. spotted the Mustangs a 2-O lead by 17: 10 of the first period and had to fight back in the second period to keep their hopes of finishing in first _I place alive. Both defenses were inept at clearing the puck and setting up plays in the opening 20 minutes. The Warriors had good scoring opportunities but were held off by Mustang goalie Pat Grace. Grace’s confidence inspired the Mustang team which came on strong to score the two goals in the first period. A blind pass from the corner by Dave Rudge was picked up by Brian Chinnick. He led a three on two attack which resulted in a goal by Rick Smith. The Warrior defense backed right in on Ian Scott who was beat cleanly by Smith’s quick wrist shot. The Mustang’s second goal ” came with’both teams shorthanded. Al Lockhart scored on a breakaway ‘as he squeezed around the Warrior defense. Lockhart, who also scored the other Mustang goal late in the , third period after the Warriors led 5-2, played a very strong game. He had another breakaway in the second period but was thwarted by Ian Scott. The Warriors couldn’t get organized in the first period and were outclassed for the most part. Grace was there to rebuff them on all the close-in shots. Ken Laidlaw finally got the Warriors moving and on the score board in the second period. Although a lot of plays weren’t clicking the Warriors were charged up and pinning the Mustangs in their end. I Laidlaw’s first goal at 535 ’ came on a scrambly play and an innocent backhand shot in front of the Mustang net.
As much as the Warriors pressed for the next eight minutes they couIdn’t come up with any goals. When Nichleson’s line was out on the ice again, ,a fan was forced to comment: “Although they scored a goal that line just isn’t clicking. Laidlaw’s goal was just a big fluke.” A few seconds later the same fan had to say, “The complexion of the game has changed,” as Laidlaw fired his second goal. He outshifted the Mustang defense and beat Grace with a low wrist shot. The sloppy defensive play by the Mustangs gave the Warriors several chances to go ahead. Dave Farago took advantage of the mistakes as he popped in two goals within 57 seconds. The fans were overjoyed that their team had finally taken the lead; something they have come to expect over this seasons play. Play was fairly even in the third period. The Mustangs made a good effort at getting back in the game but Scott’s performance was too much for them. The Mustangs ran into too many penalties and most of their efforts were spent trying to kill them. A mix-up in front of ‘the Mustang -net at 14:52 nearly resulted in a brawl. Ian McKegney swung around with his stick up to shake off an interfering defenseman and knocked the player to the ice. Except for goalie Pat Grace, who flew out of his net to pounce on McKegney, the seriousness of the injury kept the players from fighting. One fan was heard to say, “If McKegney’s stick was sharp he would have had dinner.” McKegney’s move was definitely not meant to be a vicious attack. A few minutes later Laidlaw completed his hat trick. After falling and slamming into the boards behind the Mustang net he skated out front to scoop in a loose puck. Only Laidlaw’s fantastic effort enabled him to score three of the five Warrior goals. The Warriors forechecking in the closing minutes kept the Mustangs to one goal although they were shorthanded trying to kill off McKegney’s five minute major. \
in 8-2 win
The Warriors went on a scoring spree Wednesday night to spear the \ Windsor Lancers 8-2 at Waterloo arena. The usual number of rowdy, enthusiastic fans saw goals scored in every imaginable fashion in the scrambly contest. Goals came on deflections, dribbling delinquent passes, slithering wrist shots, blueflamed slapshots, pee-wee type goal mouth scrambles, glittering sweepBut with all this, and believe in plays and delightful breakaways. me there was a lot of it, the game just wasn’t all that great. They only let one goal, that by Oh, it aroused emotions and kept the fans in oohs and aahs Roger Kroft, get by them during that illustrious period. all night, but it was really -poor An extravagant effort by the hockey. flitting Windsor forwards and a From the drop of the puck at the opening face-off the Windsor bungled play by the Warriors players showed their practiced produced the Lancer’s first period goal which helped to covskill in prat-falling and cleaning the ice with their pants. They er up their defensive errors. The shots in the first period had so much’ trouble keeping pace with the Warriors in the first alone indicate how well-trained the Windsor Weapons are at not period that they just didn’t have hitting the mesh. They squeaked enough energy to play properly out eight mighty shots compared for the remaining forty minutes. The sieve-like Windsor defento twenty-two produced by the sive boobs thoroughly undertowering powerhouse at Waterwhelmed the crowd with their loo’s end of the rink. little-practiced defending act. Five goals were manufacThey allowed so many pucktured from seventeen varied carrying Warriors by them in the Warrior shots in the second persecond period that the fans went iod. Orest Romashyna marked into their “We’re number one” his return to the Warriors with chant before the period ended. an attentive powerplay goal earUsually they are forced to wait ly in the period as the Windsoruntil at least midway through defence tried to untangle themthe third period. selves. All round scrambly play in the Following this arrest on the first period allowed the Windsor wonderful Windsor Weapon atdefence to hide their ineptness. tack, four more placid pucks
passed by the Windsor goalie. The- culprits on these goals were Laidlaw, Bauer, Farago and Kroft. Credit must be given here, especially on Bauer’s and Farago’s goals. Both were one man efforts that succeeded in making the Windsor goalie look like an octopus speared on a lance. The speed of both shots left him in a quandry as to why he was in the nets. The Windsor team probably was thinking the same thing as they continued their stale attack. It was obvious the Lancers would never get back in the game no matter how many juniour B tactics they tried. The third period need not have been played. Twenty more minutes of play only added two more goals to the heap of points the Warriors had already accumulated. The two goals came on breakaways and showed the Windsor defence needs many more hours of practice until they’ll even reach Q-QAA calibre. With no defence there to stop them, Farago and Kroft showed their skill in flipping the puck past a weary goalie. At least these two goals made up for all the’ times the Warriors were there unattended, and couldn’t put the puck past the goalie’s flailing figure., The shots on goal for the game were, as you probably guessed, not in favour of the Lancers. The Warriors had 29 more shots than the losing Lancer’s 24.
As of Wednesday’s game, the Warriors are tied for first place with Toronto, but we have two games in hand. Toronto lost to Guelph 6-5 on tuesday, so our chances of finishing in first in the 0-QAA look pretty rosy. This Wednesday at the early hour of 9 am the athletic office in the jock building will be putting up for sale, at the modest price of $2.00, the only tickets available’ for the university of Toronto-Waterloo Warrior match of the century, to be held in the varsity coliseum the following Wednesday. Of course you realize there will only be 100 tickets available and every eager, truegold and black Warrior fan will be hawking his jock dor the scratch to gain admission. So get a good nights sleep, wake up early, dress warmly and trundle off to the jock domicile and hope to be one of the fortunate 100. friday
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Floor hockeycomputer Conrad and his competitive floor hockey league has struggled through another week of competition. Weekly highlights include Lower Math’s removal from Upper League for failing to turn out to games and a Village l-West protest win of their game with PE & Rec.
.final registrations will be accepted from 10: 00 am to 2: 00 pm red north entrance of the physical education complex for the kinder swim instruction for pre-school children. First classes will start tuesday february 9th with four different half-hour classes accommodating 20 children per class.
Last weeks results are: PE & Ret 3 - Vl-W 2 _(not final) Renison 4 - U. Eng 2 E. Studies 5 - Vl-S 3 ’ V2-SE 7 - St. Pauls 0 V2-NW over L. Math by default Coop 6 - E. Studies 0 U. Math 7 - Grads 0 Renison 5 - St. Pauls 1
Class times are: tuesday 9:30 -TIO:OO am lO:OO-10:30am 9:30’- 10:00 am thursday lO:OO- 10:30am For further information peter Hopkins, director intramurals at ext 3532.
Many Items are redu >Also our records are always at reduced prices such as;- all%29 Posters - Buy 2 get 3rd FREE albums far 3.50
contact of men’s
/ndoor Tennis: instruction at the beginner and intermediate levels will begin in approximately‘ 2 weeks. Times have been set aside in the jock building for this activity :
Stan Talesnick with 21 points and Art Webster with 19 points led Village l-South to a convincing 67-43 win over Village 2SE. The league now in its 4th week has a number of teams who are possible contenders for the title. Village l-South however has been picked on the team to beat. /n Basketba//
Other scores monday night were: VIN 47 - Vl-E VZNW 58 - Vl-w St. Pauls 54- Conrad St. Jeromes 41 - Coop Grads 19 - Science u. Eng. 37-U.Math L. Math 57 - Optometry PE&Rec 46 - E. Studies 2 - L. Eng. Arts The basketball league standings as monday february 1 are: Village
4 1 King
St. N. Waterloo
VI-S V2-NW Vl-N VI-SE Vl-w Vl-E
Arts L. Math Optometry L. Eng.
3 2 1 1 0
0 0 0 0 0. 0 L
24 14 9 23 16 26 20 17 0 of
160 113 112 110 93 70
89 63 109 147 141 129
6 6 4 2 0 0
2 0 0 68 314 2 1 0 120 75 4 2 10 108 74 4 12 0 55 88 2 1 2 0 16 95 2 W
3 -3 2 3 3 GP
0 0 1 2 3 3
2 3 3 3 3
PE&Rec U. Math Grads Science
3 3 2 1 0 0
Renison St. Pauls St. Jeromes CoQP Conrad U. Faculty u. Eng
3 3 3 3 3 3
0 0 109 74 6 10 127 58 4 10 70 66 2 2 0 71 32 2 3 0 66 197 0 L
Events: Doubles badminton tournament Wednesday, february 10th at 7 : 00 pm. Unlimited entry and must be there by 7:30 Pm.
3 3 0 0 86 79 6 2 2 0 0 98 48 4 3 1 2 67 105 2 3 3 06
Men’s open curling bonspiel Sunday February 14th at 9:00 am to 5:00 pm at glenbriar arena. All entries in intramural office by friday february 12th - first 16 teams accomodated.
5 pin open bowling tournament Saturday february 13th at 1:OO pm brunswick bowling lanes - 20 teams, each with 5 players Cost is 75q: for each player. For further information about bowling call Norman Sergeant at 576-5748. For further information concerning any of the above programmes contact Mr. Peter Hopkins, men’s intramural director at ext 3532.
Athenas go to McMaster On friday february 5th, the Waterloo Athena badminton team will be travelling to McMaster university to compete in part III of the W.I.T.C.A. badminton champion’ ships. Up to date they have seven universities in the robin series, involving schools and have a record wins and 8 losses, for a place standing.
played roundeleven of 20 second
This weekend in their matches against Queen’s, McMaster and Carleton, the Athena team will be trying to capture top spot in the final standings;
Team members competing are In hockey W.L.U. - Geog Maggie Cunningham - first singgame through with a strong game McLecland - second to defeat Env. Studies 7-5. In the les, Marilyn singles, Maureen Smith and Nancy other 2 games St. Jeromes conMacdonald - first doubles, Mered: tinued along their winning ways Dickin shutting out Coop 3-O and L. Math . ith Smye and Marion second doubles, Janet Shafley squeezed by Lower Eng 3-2. The alternate. , league standing as of sunday January 31 are as follows :
At the end of February 1
the sweater shop lease
Take advantage of their extremely low sale prices. F I
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daily 10 till 6
74 Erie St. Stratford
St. Jeromes Renison Conrad Coop St. Pauls U. Faculty u. Eng
Vl-N v2-NW V%-SE Vl-E
M(w762 the Chevron
26 2 2 2 2 1 1 0
L T PTS
win at McGill
\ On Saturday january 30th, the Waterloo Athena squash team built up an impressive record of 15 wins and 1 loss to capture first place. The invitational squash tournament was held at McGill university with McGill ’ and Queen’s participating.
321 321 321 312 312 3 2 1
(just past the bus 100~)
2 2 2 2 lb1 2 1 1 1 1
Arts WLU-Geog Optometry L. Math L. Eng E. Studies
42 2 2 2 1 I -1
Grads PE&Rec Science u. Math
4 4 4 2 2 1
321 4 3 1 1 1 3 211 2 211 2 3 1 2 z 2 2 0
Each member of the Athena team played 4,matches in a roundrobin series, which scored one point for each successful match. Queen’s took second place with 5 points and McGill placed third with 3 points. Athena players in order of playing position were; Judy Traviss, Mary Ann Gaskin, Meredith Smye, Wendy Lowe, Congratulations !
from Western, wh-iz/ in- tonight:/
lists by Paul Rice chevron
The time is now 4: 46 pm; the meeting was to begin at 4: 00 in the council room but it was moved to the pub. Before the meeting can begin a quorum of 13 members is required. 4:46 How many we got now? Twelve. We only have to wait until five o’clock until someone gets off work next door. Have you seen Enginewsj Yeah! Isn’t it disgusting. 4:4’7 Stu babe you want to sit in? If you call me and remind me. Who is chief returning officer? Rick Page. Who’s Brian Duffy? Oh, I don’t know. 4:50 Wish the pub Sure is dead without
was openbooze. That
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poor deg./How many voted last year? About 1700-arts took all of about half an hour to count. 4:54 Hey! the doors are open in the math building. So. 4:58 We have quorum We do? What do you think about this wasting your sunday? Beats going to church. Don’t you go to church? 4:59 Isn’t Harris here? Somebody said he was. ,When is last council meeting ? There will be a joint meeting around march 1st. 5:04 This is going to be such a weird meeting-just clearing a bunch of crap. It’s my pencilyou can use it (Ed. note - I forgot mine, one of our illustrious federation candidates lent me his). 5:07 Did you see the movies last night? Oh they were really funny. 5:08 MEETING CALLED TO ORDER. _ 5:08:30 Question period. When are you getting your hair cut? 5:09 Item 4-Repo’rts a) any changes? Yea, I didn’t say that What did you say? I dunnowhat did I say? b) Any report-it’s there. c) No. d) No. e) Yea it’s there-questions? No. Next. f ) No. ‘5: 10 Frontier college-Kathy did you want this put on? Yea, well they want money-you want me to say -anything? Better give an idea what it’s about.’ OK-Oh I’ll just sit down and speak. We’re
asking for whatever you can afford maybe 500 dollars or 600 dollars. We gave already this year -about 200 dollars. Yea, well we realize you gave 200 dollars-we think you can give a little more. 5:17 We can’t make a motion’ until we find out how much money we got. What kind of people are involved? Oh Whops, Dagoes, Newfies. 5:20 I move 300 dollars be granted to frontier college from the native peoples fund. 5: 21: 30 Any discussion. 5:21:32 Favour? 5:21:35 Opposed? 5:21:39 Abstain? 5:21:40 Passed. 5:22 Communes. Motion against hippie pollution mood of mayor McLennan. Meston never agreed with Sid on anything. Move that council make representation to mayor McLennan on-shit what was his quote? Discussion. I doubt if he reads the chevron. vote. Anybody want it re-read? What is it? 5:27 to 5:35 ?????. Committee for independent Canada. 5:35 I move we grant 318’ dollars. Seconder.. Any discussion? What are you going to do besides write a letter to Trudeau? Well what the committee are doing won’t be very effective and the won’t say anything ispeakers brilliant, But 5: 41 318 dollars passed. 5:46 Is anybody driving down King street? 5:46:30 Meeting adjourned.
Americans ‘wcmt rater at any price WASHINGTON (CUPI) - C. B. Rogers Morton, soon to become Richard Nixon’s secretary of the interior, thinks that draining Canada’s north, to supply america’s fresh water needs is “an imaginative concept. ” -
Interviewed at a US senate hearing to confirm his appointment, Morton was briefly questioned about the north american water and power alliance (NAWAPA). NAWAPA is a plan conceived by’ american think tank engineers that would divert water from the canadi.an north that now flows unused into the arctic through the natural trough of
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the rocky mountains into america. The plan was first publicly announced about live years ago and has been gaining support in the US ever since. It would destroy all ecological balances that now exist in the north. Utah democratic senator Frank Moss is a leading voice for the NAWAPA plan. The Utah senator told the senate committee that: “There are a lot of ramifications. There are international as- ’ pects and the Canadians are involved. We cannot answer all the questions. We want to know <how much we can Pay for that (Canadian) water. ” Morton is a renublican congressman from spire agnew’s home state of Maryland. He was been picked by Nixon to replace Walter Hickel who was firedlast november for having too many disagreements with Nixon’s dealings with protest.
University of Toronto Summer Courses in
NICE, FRANCE In addition to the regular Summer Session, the University of Toronto is offering degree courses in Nice, July 5 - August 20. Credit courses in French, English and History will be given by professors from the Universities of Toronto and Nice. Classes will be held each weekday morning in the Centre Universitaire Mediterraneen on the Promenade des Anglais Accommodation will be provided in the university residences, private homes and pensions. Cost? Approximately $750.00 (include round trip, tuition for two- courses, room aid board).
For further information contact: Toronto-Nice Summer Programme, Division Of University Extension, 84 Queen’s Park. Toronto 181, Ontario Telephone:
764 the Chevron
pool and ping-pong tables, more dart boards, more televisions (cable, so that we can watch real I have been living in village 2 tv on channels 17 and 19). It since September and so far a few should have part-time cleaning and things have bugged me, but not as maintenance jobs for students, inmuch as seeing “mature” universtead of for outside firms. It sity students throw food around. should have suggestions boxes for Everytime we’ve had the privilege constant feedback. It should ( ? ) of grapes, apples, oranges, and have all these because we pay other fruit at supper, I’ve seen it for them-thousands and thoussquashed, splashed and thrown all ands of dollars each year in over the walls, hallways, floors, “incidental fees”. etc. Oh, when they run out of fruit Perhaps one of our hot-shot to play with, they start on raw women’s lib types will get off her eggs, green yogurt and beer. gorgeous bottom and run federaIt-’ seems the same people who tion president. (You chicks aren’t throw food around, bitch about the serious if you can’t field a single high cost of residence, lack of female candidate. One of these fresh fruit at meals, and the “unyears we might even get some necessarily large” janitorial information on just what is availstaff. I’ve yet to see what pleasure able at the campus centre. one can get out of deliberately Someone once said that people wasting food as well as causing usually .get what they (deserve. U more work for the janitors and of W, is there any other place maids than they already have. you’d rather be? You bet, mama! I’m sure no one gets a big charge W.M. JOHNSTONE out of scraping eggs off of ceilstudent ings and walls, beer out of the Presidential campaign carpets, and various fruits off the marred by inability? floors. Charges have been made by Alex Just one last -word to whoever Smith in his editorial last friday, , this concerns: “When the hell are on the presidential campaign,, that you going to grow up? ” have “so many contradictions LINDA RAITSAKAS is often needarts 1 . . . that persuasion less” to quote the chevron but any A cumpus center of the accusations made shouldn’t by any other nume go uncriticized. To begin with I can’t understand Our university, no matter what at all what the “copout by the we like to think, cannot be modelsocialists” is supposed to be all led after our homes: it is too big. It needs more than just one about. Perhaps he means that Jim Chisholm didn’t answer the! “living room”. questions asked of him by the Perhaps it is administratively in the easier to set aside one area and chevron weren’t answered way that he wanted them to be. call it a campus “center”, as has This, applies to Luke Aujame as been done with every other fascet well who, though he is not a memof this university. However, the is close concept of a large centralized re- ,ber of the young socialists, to our political ideas. When asked creation area is not best for realstudent se,rvices life people: it lies at the root of about further Chisholm didn’t talk about record many of the centre’s problems. stores but free day-care centers, As the university grows it should abortion referal clinics and serstrive to establish several, pervices for social organizing haps smaller, “living rooms”, for groups. What do you have against its people. these services? The’design of the present buildWhen student-faculty solidaring is unfortunate, having such a ity is called liberal you should strong emphasis on its immense “great hall” (which, let’s face it, first of all explain what is so liberal about it and secondly what has been ‘outdated since it was you have to such an built). It takes a positive act of alternative if you are to be taken will to walk through the center of alliance seriously. this room . . . hardly creating the On the question of the “red warm, relaxed, and more intimate ” either atmosphere people want in a herring of ‘war research’ you don’t believe that such war re“living room”. search exists (for that see the One compensatory measure may 1, 1969 US congressional remay be taken. At present, the cord) or you don’t believe it is of centre’s small, cozy, and enjoyany concern to the students. It able lounges are being booked for seems, though, that you accept meetings. Why? These rooms the second, as indicated by your could be put to much better use, support of Rick Page who is pledas they were intended. . . as lounged to continue the ‘sandbox’ acges, open to all. There are counttivities of the federation. This less other rooms on campus for programme of inactivity is part business and “shop-talk” meetof the political philosophy of the ings. Burko-Page administration. These Incidentally, why do the lounges ‘radicals’ seem to believe that the have fireplaces and no wood? preservation of their beauracraWhat a great way to get rid of last positions is more important week’s chevrons. This non-use , tic than focusing on issues which reminds me of a dowager’s sittingmight lose them an election. Why room-look but don’t touch. don’t you say you support their It seems criminal that the federpolitical approach rather than *, ation can waste so much of our talk about Page’s experience and money on one-shot rock bands pretend that his policies don’t (which don’t really appeal to all exist? What kind of experience of us) and on sound systems does he have? The experience of costing thousands of dollars, Page is a very limited one based yet so little on its own home. If on social activities while Chisour federation would wake up helm’s record is of one year of raand spend our money wisely, it dical activity working with stucould afford to fix up the facilities dents and not just other committhe students now have. (Have you tee- members. As the organizer of seen the pool room, with its onethe past fall anti-war campaign and-half tables and three cues I know that he actively supported for over 10,000 people? No wonder the group. Jim Chisholm and Canadians are. known for their myself have organized meetings wry sense of humor.) during the year o.n various poliThe center should have more tical topics like Quebec, the mid.
See the piggies out
Address letters to feedback, the chevron, lJ of W. Be concise. The chevron reserves the right to shorten letters. Letters must be typed on a 32 character line. For legal reasons, letters must be signed with course year and phone number. A pseudonym will be printed if you have a good reason.
east and Cuba and yet you still charge him with not organizing “public forums” and “debates”, which he did. We have constantly put forward our programme as a leaflet when we set up the young socialist literature table beginning in September, and yet you charge us with having “contrived elopuent (though often ignorant; testaments solely for the purpose of this election. ” It seems that you owe Jim Chisholm and the young socialists an apology. ABIE WEISFELD sci 2
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One rotten review deserves another
Each time the federation runs a concert we send you people complimentary tickets so you can review the concert. Each time you give these tickets to people who have a lousy time at these concerts. Rather subjecting your quality entertainment staff to something they consistently dislike, we shall be ceasing this obviously pointless practice of sending you complimentary tickets in order that the entertainment staff won’t feel obligated to attend. LARRY BURKO student ????? inept criticism of un inept criticism Ernie Lundquist’s criticisms of Allan J. Ryan, from page 9 of the january 26th chevron appear to me to point out Mr. Lundquist’s inferior feeling. I suppose even critics are entitled to their offdays, and if on that day you still must write that article on capauvin’s “underwhelming” entertainment, as Ernie puts it, there is only one way to approach it:
clearance sale up to
Perhaps that is why he spent approximately 8% out of 10 column inches being hung-up on the “smug inferiority” of southern Ontarioans (you know, newspaper reporters and the like), while l/2 inch was donated, rather begrudgingly to the fact that the audience might just have enjoyed Vthe concert, with or without the aid of wine. It’s really too bad Em wasn’t in a better frame of mind when he attended capauvin. If he had been, he might have been able to donate his 10 column inches to the praise of Allan’s gift for songwriting, the true uniqueness of his style, and the excellent timing and wit of i the fill in conversation between songs, which in my opinion was superior to both Cohen’s and Haven’s performances. He might even have been able to tell us about how unusually well the audience listened (during the past several years the Capauvin entertainers’ greatest complaint was the high noise level of the audience). He could also have mentioned the number of .people who were well enough impressed by Mr. Ryan’s performance to come back three and four nights out of the six nights capauvin was held, or the number of people that phoned the federation to praise Allan. Oh well, perhaps A-l’s sensitivity to life, his genuineness, and his optimism was just *too much for Ernie-babe, because Allan’s ability to unite his audience in song, laughter, philosophical thought, and a general positive elevating oi the spirit (apart from jordan valley) just went right over Ernie’s head.c SUSAN J. HALE ~ env. stud. 3 /
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From convocation to the soupline-. -
TUDENTS COULD BE \COMING out of university with a fifteen to twenty thousand dollar debt in the near future if a proposal made to the committee on postsecondary education of the council of ministers of education is implemented. The proposal submitted by the Ontario department of university affairs is designed to increase the percentage of the cost a student pays for his education. The brief stated that the cost of university education is rising faster than the gross national product. Governments faced with increased pressures from all sides for funds in areas other than post-secondary education, appear to-be re-examining their commitment to student assistant programs as they now exist. The cost of post-secondary education paid for by the whole of the community out of general tax revenue, which up until this time had amounted to 70 per cent to 85 per cent of the total cost, would decrease to a maximum of 50 per cent-if the proposed schemes are instituted. Over the past few years governments (excluding Saskatchewan) have - been working, towards a point where they give some type of assistance that need not be repaid (a bursary). .-;I Provincial governments have been operating on the premise that a post-secondary education is a privilege rather than a right. In attempting to solve the problem on rising costs versus equality of accessibility, governments appear to favor solving the first and not the second. One of the major problems, which universities face is that students tend to come primarily from middle and upper income backgrounds. The very least the govem-
ments can do is make certain that a postsecondary education is available independent of a student’s financial background. Raising tuition fees would transfer ‘more of the burden from general tax revenue to the individual students, but would increase the barriers to lower or middle income students (assuming no aid of any sort). On the other hand,’ eliminating tuition would make it slightly more accessible to those students from lower income brackets, but in addition to increasing the government’s burden would also benefit wealthier students who do not really need the assistance. A possible solution is to raise the contribution expected from the students (tuition) while at the same time making certain, that anyone who could not afford this contribution will receive sufficient funds from the government to cover his needs. The debate seems to center around the. proportion that the student should repay upon his graduation. At present govemments subsidize post secondary education to then tune of 80 per cent. In light of recent graduate unemployment and the decrease in the value of the general degree it may be advisable that governments re-examine this percentage since it is becoming increasingly evident that the graduate is not receiving the direct benefits that he was five,years ago. The basic question which faces govemment today is to determine who benefits most from post-secondary education, the individual or society in ‘general. Although there was a time when a university degree offered a graduate a high wage position in industry, this condition is rapidly changing and graduates are finding it increasingly difficult to find the high-paying jobs for which they originally sought their degrees. Societal benefits derived from a better
educated citizenary cannot be underestimated. An increased awareness of the problems and inadequacies of the state to be derived from higher education can do nothing but aid in a democracy. Unless a democracy has an informed citizenary able to make a valuable contribution to the #orkings of government it cannot work. The benefits accruing to society from higher education, although not entirely economic, are obvious and cannot, be underestimated. Therefore higher education must be viewed by govemments as an investment and not merely as an item of consumption. The proposal made to the council of ministers would be national in scope. It would apply uniformly to all students enrolled in programs of post secondary education and must also be flexible enough to allow for adjustment as varying forms and structures within the post-secondary school system evolve. Assistance would be made in the form of interest-bearing loans. Bursaries as they exist will disappear. This means that the burden of post-secondary education will be born directly by the individual that receives the education. The students will be responsible for repaying the total loan plus cumulative interest. Repayment is tied to income, since they evaluate this as the’closest measure available of the actual economic benefit an individual receives from his education. A high income on graduation means the whole debt should be repaid just as a low income would mean the repayment would be adjusted and the balance may be forgiven after a reasonable period of time (fifteen years is the probable repayment time). The loans would bear interest from the date of issue at the prevailing rate. The rationale: to make money available at a rate equivalent to that which could be
obtained from commercial sources such as chartered banks. Each applicant must satisfy the criteria of a needs assessment if education is viewed as an investment, therefore those who have private financial sources must use them wherever possible. This scheme has several problem areas: As far as female students are concerned the plan would probably work as a negative dowry, since a woman could graduate with a debt of perhaps $20,000. It would serve as a deterrent to those of lower income backgrounds who would view a twenty to twenty-five thousand dollars debt far differently than someone from an upper income bracket. Furthermore those-from a lower income bracket .would probably be borrowing far more since they will likely have smaller private resources to draw from. And if a graduate left the country or became a member of a communal farm, in other words is not a part of the labor force, who repays the loan? There are also other problems. How much of an individual’s income is a result . ‘of his post-secondary education? How will 1the scheme fit into our economy? If the loans are to be repaid at the going injterest rate there will be many problems, since this rate fluctuates. Who would decide who receives the loans? The funding agency could conceivably prevent some students from obtaining money because of their political views. And finally. who would decide what schools would be accredited. The fund would make education a supermarket business. The market forces would greatly come into play. Those institutions which are less popular would disappear. The avant-garde (theatre, dance, music and art schools) would similarly disappear. Adapted
from the Western
Learrling to hate your neighbor. OCIALISM? A DREAM, a utopia, an absolute impossibility! Man is a fighting, hating, possessive beast, dominated by *drives inherited from his animal past. So claim Desmond Morris, author of The Naked Ape, Robert Ardrey, author of The Territorial Imperative, Konrad Lorenz, author of One Aggression, and other apologists for the status quo. . These writers are in the front fine of the modern version of the “you-can’t-change human-nature-so-learn-to-love-capitalism” school. Their books are flooding the’ bookracks and setting the pace for fashionable refutation of the antiwar, women’s liberation, Black liberation and other movements against society’s ills. Their main argument? It boils down’ to this: wars, racism, riots, fights, brawls, strikes, lockouts, exploitation and oppression are products of human nature, rooted in animal instincts deep within the subconscious. And. of course, since you can’t change human nature, lean to hate your c neighbor! Preposterous? Listen to Ardrey describe man’s “instinct” for land: “The territorial imperative is as blind as a cave fish, as consuming as a furnace, and it commands beyond logic, opposes all reason. But today’s American must also bear in mind that the territorial principle motivates all of the human species. Whether we like it or not, it is a power as much an ally of our enemies as it is of ourselves and our friends.” Gung-ho, and off to Vietnam ! A lot of the time of scientific writers has been wasted refuting these pseudo-scientific arguments. Anthropologist Ashley Montagu’s anthology, Man and Aggression, ably criticizes the methods, illogical arguments and ignorance of the “Ape-ists”. But these arguments are false on their face! Don’t economics and other social factors shape human behavior at all? What about cultures where aggressive behaviour is frowned upon and rare? Hasn’t man’s nature been different in other societies and in prehistory? The vast majority of anthropologists have shown human behavior as a highly complex matter. It is shaped by one’s culture. Family, _ school, religion and ideas affect human nature. It differs according to one’s position in society and one’s experiences.
Humans can be aggressive and selfish, but they can-equally express love, passivity, selflessness and sacrifice. What then influences which qualities in man are dominant? Not instinct, according to scientists like British psychologist J.A.C. “Modern biolowho writes: Brown, gists and psychologists agree that such behavior is a disappearing category in man and the higher animals, since intelligent and flexible learned behaviour is, in the course of .evolution, replacing inborn, inflexible and unlearned behaviour. Virtually, men have no instincts, in this, the original, sense of the word.” Of course, humans have physical needs like food, sleep, sex and so on. But how we satisfy these needs - fighting and hating each other or heiping and working together - is determined by society’s norms and institutions, flowing from its economic structures. Government, police, the media and the school system make sure that we beway. Ask any American have the “right” who doesn’t want to be drafted. But people also have needs and drives that are not physical. Millions have sacrificed their lives for ideals throughout history, from the slave revolts onwards. Even to get us to fight in wars, which we are supposed to do instinctively, society’s rulers appeal to our hatred of “foreign aggression”, the desire to protect others, our feelings of selflessness and self-sacrifice. And despite it all, most people continue to oppose unjust wars like the one in Vietnam. .’ What Ardrey, Lorenz and Morris consider normal behavior is the way man behaves in societies where there is private ownership of wealth, that is, societies in wh‘ich the majority of the population is dominat-
gori) Shall We COntiWe
with our dictihary ~Gort ? ’
Our next word is: “phlebotomy
ed by a property-owning minority. In these societies of scarcity and private accumulation of irn-mense wealth, people are forced to -be “selfish” and “aggressive” simply to survive. Before slavery, feudalism and capitalism, this type of “normal” behavior was unknown. The Native Peoples of North America couldn’t understand the white man’s obsession with private ownership of great wealth. For them, it was normal to share all their goods except for personal belongback’ ings. In fact, in all technologically ward or primitive societies, sharing was forced on people to ensure a steady supply of material needs. The law of averages kept people alive. But under capitalism, based on individual ownership of factories, land, mines, machinery and other tools of production, people are forced to compete-for jobs, for education, for all material goods. It trains, educates, coerces and imposes greed, selfishness and aggression on us. Scarcity resulting from unequal distri bution and ownership of wealth is the fundamental cause of “selfish” human nature under capitalism. Capitalism has created conditions in which humans have to be concerned with themselves to survive, and then it claims that it is product of eternal human nature. Our human nature is not more fixed than the capitalist system, itself only a few hundred -years old and already disappearing. Even within capitalist society, a whole generation of youth has reacted against the crass materialism and consumerism. People are concerned more with doing something useful with their lives than with grasping the american dream (or is it Its dehition :“The act or practice 0C bloodktting as a therapeutic measwe. N
And its pract(tioners bre , I’m sure, called: ‘phlebotimists”?
a nightmare?) of having a house, two cars, a freezer and, of course, a psychiatrist. The “life-style” and “free your mind” radicals are in their own way expressing their frustration and inability to cope with the “normal” ways of capitalism. But it is the mass movements like the antiwar, women’s liberation, Quebecois and student movements which are organizing seriously to change what they refuse to accept as “unavoidable and fixed” evils. ’ It is against ‘these mass movements for social change that the man-is-an-ape theorists are blustering. The modern-day King Canutes are trying to hold back the tide. But the tide is rising, and fast. A general realization is growing in all layers of society, and especially among the young and the doubly oppressed, that this pstem can and must go. People are fighting for control of . their institutions, their communities and their lives. They are beginning to behave “abnormally” from the point of view of capitalism, rejecting its rewards, not fearing its punishments and seeking to unite with others across the world in struggles against wars, racism, exploitation and \ oppression. The working people and their- allies have the power to take back the wealth they created and plan the economy to meet the needs of the vast majority. A planned economy based on social or collective ownership of society’s productive wealth can assure every human be,‘ng the material means for a meaningful life.
from the Young Socialist
member: candim univwsity pross (CUP) and underground press syndicate (UPS). subscriber lrberatron news service b(LNS) and chevron rnternatronal news service (GINS). the chevron IS a newsfeature tablord published offset fifty-two times a year (1970-7 1) on tuesdays and fndays by the federatron of students. Incorporated unrversrty of Waterloo. Content is the responsiblllty of the chevron staff, Independent of the federatron and the unrversrty adminrstratron.offices’ In the campus center; phone (519) 578-7070 or universrty local 3443. telex 0295 - 748. clrculatlon
10,500 ituesdays) 13.000 (fndays) Alex Smith. editor For a good example of the traditional bias in thinking of women as sex objects. and of sex as a strictly physical release of sublimated tension, we recommend to all non-engineering students that they find a copy of the latest Enginews, which the printer almost refused to print. We have it on good authority that this issue of Eng@ews was being sent to the graphics arts competition of Rennaissance ‘71 in Toronto as this university’s official entry in the field of visual communication. A word to the wise, if any smooth-talking con-artist should approach you to support a referendum in your faculty for withdrawl from the federation of students: don’t listen to him. Whether or not you agreed with the politicians (if you were around) who set up the corporate structure of the federation three years ago, the fact remains that this federation was able to pull off one of the last legal incorporations of a student group. All attempts to do this since have been thwarted by the Ontario government (witness the university of Toronto student council). Some of those who are behind the federation’s becoming a council of societies are the same people who used to be charging rip-off prices for entrance into movies, dances and pubs. Their interest in a federation of societies is a purely financial one-to regain the ground they lost to the present, and comparatively strong, centralized student council. It is doubtful indeed, whether they would have the respect for the legal viability of the present council which is necessary to keep student self-determination going on this campus. Don’t be taken in by what may be societies’ claims that they are working in your interests by proposing such a disastrous move as withdraw1 from the federation. At best on this campus, societies have been weak, exploitative, non-accountable, wracked by internal power struggles and completely lacking in any business outlook. ’ Remember that the federation is a legal corporation. Tampering with its existence on the whims of some pseudo-politicians would do immeasureable harm to not only Waterloo, but to student control throughout the province. Thought for the week: bribery. production manager: Al Lukach ko coordinators: Bill Sheldon (news). Gord Moore (photo), Ross Bell (entertainment) Bryan Anderson (sports and circutation), rats (features) paul rice (2 extra), renato ciolfi, jeff bennett, jim butler, harry rempel, dianne caron, tom certain, dane charboneau. mel rotman. meg edelman. bryan douglas. Colin hamer,,eleanor hyodo, Steve izma, brute meharg. una o’callaghan. tom purdy. michael szyjewicz, peter Wilkinson, brenda wilson, janiceleewilliams, joe handler, mark schacter, kipper sumner, Cheryl ward, ron smith, norm green, terry morin, elaine switzman. rick hankinson. And a sp,ecial note by request to ian: “re. trip to Halifax/stop/won’t be coming/stop/Leo didn’t hear from them so only going to Campbellton/stop/that’s a long way from Tipperary/stop/sorry, will see you soon/signed (r-t) (n)“. And finally-best federation vice-presidential material is Carl Sulliman. TTFN.
TEPPING IN FRONT of the bank window he saw his reflection. He stopped to study it. His hair was long and tangled. His beard and moustache almost covered his face., His white shirt was buttonless and had flowing sleeves. It covered the expanse of his powerful body. His jeans were a faded blue and ended at his sandaled feet. He thought for a moment and pushed on. ,As he wandered through the streets he saw life. It appeared to him as it would to a newly born child. He knew not a soul and not a soul knew him. The people he passed in the streets reached something inside him yet he had never passed this way before. He walked on. Although he\ was lost, he felt a surge from within as if searching for someone or something. His feeling of being small no longer mattered. He smiled wistfully and. travelled on. The people stared as he passed by. The old curled their lips and frowned. Their wrinkled foreheads were like his heart. The young smiled and often looked back. They had no time to stop. He often stopped and approached people but always they seemed to vanish in their hurried pace. Without knowing them he forgave them. As he approached the end, his steps quickened. Soon he neared the end of this town as he had neared the end of so many others. He began to ascend the mountain. All he could see before him was the lightness of the sky. As he reached the summit he paused to look back. This town was like all of the others. He felt he had walked the world for what had seemed like eternity. As always, he sensed a direction and travelled it. He often stopped but they always passed him by. His searching eyes had grown deep and dark. As he paused, the world flashed through his mind. He had seen the distorted bellies of children. The blood of soldiers had soaked through the soil bathing his feet. The dirt and filth of the ghetto had blackened his shirt . The cries of the dying had pierced his ears. The hatred had darkened his heart. The tales of love, of peace and of freedom had. echoed between his ears. He was blinded by their absence. As a tear trickled down his cheek, his smile seemed to die. While passing through eternity he cried, “Father, they don’t know me anymore. Am I dead?” by John chevron
768 the Chevron
by Hon. P. E. Trudeau,
prime minister of Canada; photo: Liontayles;
Alex Smith; execution:
Colin l-lamer; copyright,