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eferrin~

to &be lattes

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out to him that the second, par-“, agraph of the motion , indicates that the federated-n is not ten-

---ol kuru-3 Vera; ‘hat pressed, tl@ board blacked : va:~ta~e to be derived from going to an I outside contractor in this building j would e that -swing shifts (eve~in~ and Tight), re available from the~~-~outractor at

~because at that time only to have a two: after could eting, L was

activities ‘are jperpetuating a situation where woven *are displayed for fun.’ It’s not too far removed from buying

--------TT------o-----_

several university b~~ldi~~~ are curently being cleaned oq a‘ regulak basis * by non-.union outside contractors. i The cost’ to the university is sli

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that

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oppressed regions are also’ the most ~onse~ative because they don’t reahze . that they’re I the ones that are being fucked;” heasserted. ’ S

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said it was fiat a case of .. #.

to the advautage- .’ of those ~reseut~y employed by Cthe contractor,” said ,. ~atter~ou. .

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Paper jyomoting ’

sentiments

college’s facilities in putting out WINDSOR (CUP)-As president the paper-in effect killing it-and of St. clair College, R.C. Quittenton reported a month ago he was upset returning all student funds to the when the student newspaper the students instead of giving them to Saint began promoting what he student groups. “If another issue of the Saint called “morbid sentiments”-such as front-page posters .on the Viet- appears that is obscene, by my nam war-and was no longer - standards,” Quittenton wrote the “jolly. ” Then, in its november 10 issue, the Saint reprinted a poem by imprisoned black panther chairman TORONTO (CUP) - Student Bobby Seale that used the fourcouncils haven’t wasted any time letter word for sexual intercourse. in forming a new national student Well. That was just too much. association. At a meeting november 13 QuitStudent council representatives tenton told the two editors, Greg from 12 campuses founded the asParent and Ted Welch, “either sociation of post-secondary educayou clean up this fucking paper, or tional institutions’ student counI will.” cils (APSEISC) last friday. The The editors reported he used the - association is supposed to be a four-letter word meaning sexual purely non-profit services organiintercourse several times in his za tion . monolog with them. University of Toronto student Quittenton then threatened to president Gus Abols said the orwith,draw office space and the ganization will start by providing

Student

Defense

The student council apologized, the two editors were fired, and everyone lived happily ever after.

union

fund organized

A faculty-student group has set up a legal defense fund for Cyril Levitt, sociology 4: who was charged with theft and possession of a letter from admin president Howard Petch’s files. The charges arose out of an incident 25 September in the foyer of the modern languages building, during which Levitt read aloud a letter addressed to Petch from a

student council, “then I will... deny the use of tax supported facilities and equipment for the preparation of this paper. ”

senate science committee official. The purpose of the defense fund is to ensure Levitt the best legal defense possible, say the organizers . Sociology prof Ron Lambert said response from faculty has been very favorable so far. The organizers’ statement is published on page 21 of this issue.

formed charter flights, international student cards and life insurance plans. Abols emphasized that APSEISC will have absolutely no political involvements. A founding constitution includes a non-amendable clause prohibiting any political activities. Participating institutions will be asked to pay ten cents a member at first, Abols said. Eventually it is hoped to put the organization’s operations on a break-even footing. The group has already picked up the CUS travel plan and life insurance program, the travel plan made a profit in excess of $30,000 last year. The association will be run by a lo-man board selected by member councils. Councillors from Guelph, McMaster, Ryerson, Carleton, Manitoba, Dalhousie, Western, Waterloo, Waterloo Lutheran, York and Toronto were present at the conference.

Is this a subtle hint to Howie Petch that while he can gire away free coffee to people who come to see him with a ‘)xtch peeve “, children are starving in Biafra that he could help. Where is H, D. Goldbrick

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Students

to investigate

;\n invt\st,igation of university wstwch and its uses is to be untlt~rtaken by a newly-formed cbonnmittce, student council de(bided at a lengthy and, at times hea ted session monday night. It was also decided that arts rep Cyril Levitt, who introduced the issue and threw it. open to council for discussion, would be chairman of the committee. Levitt began with the presentation-of the current issue of canadian dimension, which lists military research being done in canadian universities.

hors it, it will be ineffective because council can’t do any more.” Major opposition to discussion on the issue came from grad reps Nick Kouwen and Dave Gordon. “None of us know what we’re talking about, including the person who introduced the subject,” claimed Kou wen . Gordon said, “I don’t know what kind of research Mr. Levitt is so uptight about. It is all supported by the DRB (defence research board) or government contracts. ”

The University of Waterloo is listed as having a $32,000 contract with the U.S. air force for conducting research that is used in the production of solid rocket propellant ignition.

When Gordon expressed his belief that all university research is used for peaceful purposes, grad rep Roger Kingsley cracked, “Sure, we’re helping our Chinese brothers by filling our rockets with fertilizers. ”

Levitt added that there is a group of professors who have done some investigations in these matters. Some council members expressed their feelings of the powerlessness of council to deal with this issue. “It’s at the point where I can’t get excited by this type of thing any more,” stated math rep Glenn Berry. “If we come out with a policy that ab-

F&her debate prompted Levitt to state, “The only difference between this council and the one I was on before is that this one covers up its qualitative irrelevancy with quantity.” Replying to the charges of the grad reps, Levitt explained that research is the ethic responsiblity of the researcher, because he can refuse to do it if wants to. He said that it is drucial to de-

Student

council

In addition to the motions concerning university research and beauty contests, student council made the following decisions: l The establishment of a committee to consider all aspects of human rights, discipline, and power in the university and-, to be chaired by John Battye. l The granting of $500 to the Last Post, a publication put out by former editors of university papers. l The granting of $225 to the Vietnam moratorium committee to cover past debts. l Membership of the federation in the CUS travel department, under a reorganized structure.

The human rights committee will invite representatives from the staff, faculty association, and administration to participate in a broad project of research and analysis. There -is already a human rights committee, but engineering rep Barry Fillimore explained that it was considering only racial discrimination and therefore a second committee is needed to study all areas of human rights. According dent Tom

San

to federation Patterson,

Frcmcisco

Ecologist

presiadmin

was

president Howard Petch rejected the idea that racial discrimination could not be isolated from other areas of human rights. Battye an.d Dave Cubberly had resigned from the first committee when the presidents’ re-. port came out. In introducing the Last which has been issued to council member before the ing, arts rep Cyril Levitt that the magazine provides tical journalism not in the mercial press. ’ ’

Post, each meetsaid “cricom-

Objection was raised to voting on the motion because a similar motion had been turned down at a previous council meeting. However, speaker Larry Burko ruled that it was a new motion because the amount the last time was $200. Grad rep Nick Kouwen denounced the magazine. “Now that I’ve seen it, I have less reason than ever to support it. All student publications have the same line. We can get this kind of crap in the Chevron. ” “It’s obvious from your comments that you have made no attempt to read the paper,” retorted arts rep Larry Caesar.

‘bay ~~area

predicts

SAN FRANCISCO (CUP)-A Stanford preprofessor has dicted that the bay. area “will die soon. ” “Ecological catastrophe is here now and we only need to open our eyes to see it,” Robert Driesbach, a professor at St,anford’s medical school claimed. He called for legislation to control population growth in the San Francisco area, re-using present post-resource fuel sources rather than consuming more natural resources, banning individual automobiles, and taxing combustible engines 50 cents per mile. The ecologist announced his

death

program at a news conference for his soon-to-be-published 576“handbooks of the page survey, San Francisco region. ” But the doctor was pessimistic. “I’m not sure I’d like living with all those restrictions,” he said. “I don’t expect many reforms.” He charged the american consumer with fondling his automobile “as though it were a sacred cow.” He cited figures that the amount of waste dumped into the bay annually could build a wall 36 feet wide and 30 feet high from downtown San Francisco to San Jose (nearly 60 miles).

uniwatter&ne whether a researcher can pass off the responsibility by saying that he ic following orders and why an individual would want to do this kind of research before it is too late. When math rep Alex Jankowski stated, “I don’t agree that everything military is wrong.“, federation president Tom_ Patterson said that it is necessary to determine what military research is used for.

for others says gov’t

DDT

OK

TORONTO (CUP)-The Ontario government is finally taking action to stop DDT pollution of its citizens, but it couldn’t care less about citizens of other countries.

defense

research

“Take the example of Dr. Petch’s research,” Patterson continued. “He said that it was clearly a problem in pure science, yet it turned out that it was being used for something else, in this case anti-submarine warfare.” 1 Arts rep Larry Caesar shed E?rne more light on the subject, say’ - g, “If we selfrighteous artsies can be allowed to impose ourselves on engineering and science students, this investigation should be carried out in terms of all research and not just confined to science, engineering, and math. ” Levitt continued this line of argument, giving the example that research in stimulus-response psychology could be used to

pacify the Vietnamese, negroes in the ghettoes, and the student movement in order to carry out wars of domination and imperialism. “The use of research at time ‘t’ may have a different use at time ‘t-plus-one’,” he stated. “The most peaceful research for a corrupt machine. Benefits which are not directly military could in the long run kill us because they are cumulative.” Patterson agreed. He used examples of devastation an,d pollution to demonstrate how “peaceful stuff can ruin our environment. ” Berry suggested that the university should have control over the use of its research and come up with ways of using it.

Ontario companies who still have DDT after it is banned in Ontario january 1 might be able to sell it outside the country, energy minister George Kerr told the Ontario legislature monday. He pointed out that the ban is not world-wide and that the poison is still saleable in many parts of the world.

busy CLJust looking at the inside cover makes it worthwhile. ” Patterson found it necessary to defend both the Chevron and the Last Post at this point. He said that the Chevron cannot do more than it is now because it is mainly for people on one campus, and the Last Post has material from all of Canada that is not in the Chevron. The grant to the moratorium committee was also a hotly-debated issue. Caesar’s request for $400 to cover past debts and to help finance future moratoriums was attacked from both the left an_d the right. Caesar reported that the committee is farther in debt than it had planned to be because during the first moratorium someone stole $214 worth of picture posters. He accused the engineering sQciety of this deed. Grad rep Dave Gordon asked Caesar what the distribution would be for past debts and’ future moratoriums and stated, “If they (the moratoriums) are not seen in good light, we should not support them.” “I don’t even need to argue with that kind of reasoning,” replied Caesar. He said that $225 would be allotted to past debts and $175 for future events. It was decided that each amount would be voted on as two separate motions. Before voting on the first motion, treasurer Jim Keron warned that the federation’s finances were not too healthy. However, the motion carried. Discussing the second motion, Patterson argued that it is more important to go into the university and town and expose the kind of structure that perpetuates wars like Vietnam and how the local industry profits from them. He said that this should be done on a day-to-day basis rather than “going out on the sabbath and stating thy love of motherhood. ” Caesar countered by saying that the point of the moratoriums is that people are getting together and doing things. The motion was defeated.

OOPS.

-chemical-biological

watfare

Viet villages ~pacification

page

12.

razed in progrums’

CHU LAI, south Vietnam (CINS) -Zippo squads of the american division have been burning down suspected Vietcong villages near May Lai, scene of the U.S. massacre of south Vietnamese civilians last year. The burning by the squadsnamed after their cigaret lighters-is intended to ““deny the villages to the Vietcong,” said Russ Whitla, lieutenant-colonel. It is part of what is known as the pacification program in Quang Ngai province. Lieutenant Norman Cuttrell, who arrived in Vietnam last month, stated that “within a matter of a week at the end of October, we destroyed 13 villages.” Before the villages are razed, the local inhabitants are warned 24 hours in advance by leaflets and loudspeaker broadcasts from psychological warfare planes. The inhabitants are then placed in newly-constructed resettlement villages that are 1often enclosed by barbed wire. The destruction was described in detail by members of the first platoon. First the zippo squads set fir,e to the thatched dwellings with their lighters. Said sergeant friday

in Canada,

Steve Kohrt, “When we found candles, some of us used candles. If we think it’s really worth it, we throw a frag (fragmentation grenade) or concussion grenade in.” Kohrt, a draftee, said the length of time it takes to burn down a village varies. “It depends on the wind. It also depends on the size of the village.” “If you get a free fire zone (an area where U.S. artillery and aircraft can strike at random without prior permission from local authorities) and it’s already been burned, the people who go out know that they will be dead. “If it’s a free fire zone, you can sit on the hills and see the finks (Vietnamese or Vietcong) running around, so they call in big air strikes.” Cuttrell added, “What we try to do is to get all of the people out of the village before we start burning. Because of the psychological effect of course they don’t want to go. That’s, their home and everything. “So what we do is to get them all out of the village and out of sight before we burn it so they won’t have to stand and watch their houses burn. ”

28 novcmber

1969 (10-35)

579

3


Math

dean

discusses

According to acting math dean, I biased view of the role of matheBill Forbes, university is a good matics in society”. The talk proved to be a listing place to send people in a wealthy of various philosophers, with society for intellectual stimulation. reality being a mixture of all of them. “Even girls can take a couple He began with a description of of years of higher education three philosophies of life: marbefore they get married,” he xism, Christianity and scientific said. humanism. He rejected comThis revealed what sort of bias plete allegiance to any of these. Forbes had although he attempted He saw marxism based on revolution ; revolution had provided to remain essentially non-comno cure in Russia. His misconmittal. His talk, sponsored by ception of marxism was exposed the math society, was entitled “A

CL/SO--grad

work

in reality

The CUSO poster asks if you Most of them are university want grad work in reality and grads-60 to 65 percent from’ liberal arts, and a majority are the CUSO meeting tuesday afternoon explained one means of teachers. achieving this end. The local government remuneThere are 1300 CUSO workers rates them on the same scale in Latin America, Africa, and thus the visions Asia. They teach, nurse, drive - as its citizens, of martyrdom are not wholly subbulldozers, type and attempt any stantiated. other skill needed. In fact, according

Teacher

school

The arts faculty on tuesday approved the idea of establishing a school of education as part of the faculty. A motion was also passed asking administration president Howard Petch to form -a committee to look into the feasibility of such a school, the possible ramifications and the cost. There was dissension to the original plan of a cooperative scheme like the one in math. It was felt that sort of plan will cause disservices to certain departments.

universities’ in the question where one student pointed out that marxism is an economic analysis and not a philosophy based on revolution. Christianity was regretfully turned down (because he could not of fend those Christians in the audience) since it views the world as basically good and Forbes had his doubts. Scientific humanism saw the world as bad but getting better all the time, and there were a few holes that could be poked in that theory too.

wanted Since most students entering teaching are not A students, it was feared that standards would fall. To the objection, arts dean Warren Ober said the admissicns committee can be more selective next year because the first-year enrolment will not be higher than the 740 this year. A general brief on establishing teacher education at uniwat was presented to the provincial committee on university affairs. The committee said wait, as the matter was under review.

to Rod Haney of CUSO headquarters in Ottawa, they could conceivably be middleclass. Yet if your motives are merely mercenary, perhaps you should reconsider the two-year commitment. CUSO workers join to teach, to study people, to learn about themselves, to experience life. They are a special group that must overcome poor facilities, language problems, and all the minor crises that develop when one enters an entirely new culture. Any attempt to remain apolitical is an exercise in futility since it is difficult not to sympathize with the working people you are trying to help. Teachers have it especially tough, when they realize that the government is using them to maintain the status-quo and force the people to remain socially inert. For those still interested, Dave Kitchen, 576-4678, has all the extra information.

role

Forbes saw all of these too oversimplified to deal completely with reality, “not unlike the program of a political party.” Concepts of what a university is supposed to be. were divided into three categories also. The Christian-hellenic concept viewed education as being for the elite where a teacher would disseminate knowledge and values to his students. The liberal concept also favored this elite, but here a community of scholars sought value-free knowledge for its own sake. The technical democratic education is for anyone who can benefit from such instruction. He left out the most talked-about concept today, that of the critical university. Again Forbes considered the ideal some sort of mixture, but he seemed to favor the liberal concept. He felt that applied research was too restricted and prevented valuable research that leads to greater heights of knowledge from taking place. Forbes thought questions that radicals pose should be dealt He encouraged all people with. in the university to talk about such questions as “What are we here for? ” ‘He saw specialization in particular fields as good, as long as there is a cooperation between various fields. In the question period, a student said that such questions “what are we here for” involve queries like “ who has power? ” How can Ideal with these questions when I don’t even know what kind of power a math dean has. With a gleam in his eye,

in sotietjf

math dean William Forbes Forbes replied, “you’d be surprised’ ’ . Another student asked whether Forbes saw the move to set up the math faculty as a bad idea since this hampered proper communications with related disciplines. Forbes did not think so, since math had merit as a discipline in itself rather than just the language used in other technologicalsubjects. FONDUE SHERRY

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lb which the circus takes on some semblance we research the reality of the man from Regina

of a search

and

The circus is finally getting on the road; one act has been signed and we have been assured that there are more that just need to work out the fine points in their performing contracts. The Christmas conclusion is no longer possible as a self-respecting source on the presidential search-and-destroy committee explained to one of our aides. “The prospective guests, simply had schedules that were too tight to fit in visits; we really would have liked to wrap up the affair by the Christmas senate meeting,” saith the source. There seems to be every indication that the administration president permanence committee has its mind made up and is only plodding through the proper channels. * * * For the amusement of the masses, the first act in the proper channels circus will run monday and tuesday and features Tommy McLeod, viceprincipal of the Regina campus of the university of Saskatchewan. Indeed, we thought, when we first learned of the academic milieu from whence he came. The university of Saskatchewan Regina campus is the place where the administration cut off the student unions funds because they did not like the student newspaper, the Carillon. We were quite ready to believe that the committee was starting the show with an act from the more hawkish elements of the status-quo. What better way to soften us up for the eventual acceptance of our friend Howie Petch, because the newspaper the Regina folks were so upset about was really no more democratic and anti-authoritarian than the Chevron. But we had our doubts and did some checking. A source on the search committee allowed that McLeod maybe was the guy who quietly settled the Carillon affair. Quietly settled indeed-the student union at Regina is again getting their money and there is no censorship being exercised over the Carillon. Well this looks like a case of good showmanship-a token human to encourage the small minority of true academics at uniwat and a token threat to the rest of the greedy people who use uniwat for their own benefit that they had better fall in line with the people who run the place. * * * The truth about McLeod is most interesting. A former finance minister in the Canadian commonwealth federation government (CCF, the maiden NDP), his career is impeccable. He remained close to the NDP government until its defeat by the liberal party in 1964, when he became Regina arts and science dean. Our sources say he has been an admirable bureaucrat: a quiet man with reasonable restraint in the area of using others for one’s own advancement. McLeod is famous for his progressive report on taxation as chairman of a 1963-64 Saskatchewan royal commission. While making no comment on his possibilities in the uniwat administration president department, our informants did say we should bet our money on McLeod to join Manitoba premier Ed Shreyer’s new democratic team in 1970. All of this adds up to a presidential candidate totally unacceptable to the people who run this institution. Even a moderate democratic socialist would upset the board of governors, the senate, the-president’s council and all the bureaucrats, not to mention the faculty association, the graduate union executive, engineering society B and the science society. Not that it matters, since the president’s council and a couple of the boys on the board will make the real decision anyway. * * * For more important, however, is the advice from acquaintances that McLeod is clever-and while he makes a good friend, he’s a most uncomfortable enemy. That should strike absolute terror into the hearts of the comfortablyensconced bureaucrats who intend to have an administration president who will dismiss the dissenters rather than remedy the problems. What sort of clever man would leave the entrenched bureaucracy where it is now? We, indeed, have no doubts that the people who hold power will make sure any candidate meets their requirements. A look at the “guest’s” timetable is convincing. (ed. note-see page 7) First, of his seven public appearances, amounting to just over five hours in two days, five are in faculty haunts which should pretty well discourage student attendance. The appearance scheduled for the campus center is questionable, falling at a time when few students are around (5-6pm) and the search committee had not even booked a room in the campus center as of Wednesday. The remaining public appearance is a speech in the arts theater, with no question period scheduled. The rest of the time is devoted to meetings with various powerful persons and interest groups, like deans, academic department heads and administration bureaucrats. These people will ask the sort of questions that students and lowly faculty won’t get the opportunity to query. * * * Ain’t democracy wonderful? With a little care and attention, the presidential search-and-destroy committee will ensure that the people who count will have ample opportunity to determine whether the candidate’s views are representative of theirs. That’s why the position is referred to as administration president. And we just don’t think Tommy McLeod ever had a chance-and he would have made such a good friend.

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‘lI~tZON’l’0 ((‘INS)--“It is much . more ~~1’1’t~(*t ivc to have an abortion to t ermine te an unwanted pregnanny-and safer-than trying to prcvcnt a pregnancy by using the pill. ‘* Barbara Seaman of New York, author of The doctor’s case against the pi//, said there is indisputable medical research to support. her statement. The introduction to her book is written by Hugh J. Davis, director of the contraceptive clinic and assistant professor of obstetrics and gynecology at Johns Hopkins university school of medicine. “Never in history have so many individuals (8 million women ) confidently consumed such a powerful

North

and

better

absolutely safe nor absolutely effective. Both Davis and Seaman feel that doctors too frequently withhold information about the dangers of the pill. Pharmacists who dispense it ignore the pamphlets that outline some of the side effects the pill can cause. Seaman stated that “the doctors who went to the route of reassuring their patients that the pill is fine, safe, free of worry-are now confronted with the evidence that the pill isn’t safe. It’s embarrassing for them to admit now that they were wrong. “They are uncertain on how to keep their patients’ respect and backtrack on the pill.”

medication with so little information as to potential hazards and alterna tives. “After ten years of availability, and five years of increasingly widespread use, the evidence regarding the risks of taking oral contraceptives is only‘ now beginning to reach the medical literature. “Recent studies have brought to an end ten years of wishful thinking regarding the safety of the pill.” Davis gives the responsibility to physicians, government agencies and the pharmaceutical industry to face “the unpleasant task of explaining to millions of women that the birth-control pills are neither

explained

developement

The development of the north, the last frontier, was the talk tuesday of the education committee of eng-sot B. Brian Hay, executive secretary of the mid-Canada foundation. was the guest speaker. The purpose of the foundation is to produce feasibility studies of what developing the north entails. Trips are organized to the north “to listen, not to search”. The reports will be sent to the communities involved for their comments. The comments will also be published when the reports become public in middecember. These reports are to be studied at another conference in august of next year and recommendations are to be made to the governments. A probable recommendation, Hay said, would be

a crown agency which would be in charge of the planning of the development and which would set rules that would have to be followed by a company desiring to set up operations in the region, especially rules con trolling pollution. The agency would be a federal-provincial agency and would be the only agency to regulate the development. Many questions were asked on what role the indians would play. Hay stated that the indians are being consulted by the foundation and recognized leaders are being invited, expenses paid, to attend the conferences and tours. He also said that the indians would be their master and would have the choice of becoming engaged or staying out.

than

the pill

She stated that Dr. Robert

Kristignored studies indicating that use of the pill is extremely dangerous. “At least one housewife who developed epilepsy has received an out-of-court settlement from the manufacturer of the pill she has taken,” she said. ’ Seaman lists cases which are backed by research, ranging from frigidity through neurological disfunction to death. She writes, “As long ago as may 1966, William Masters, author of Human sexual response, director of the reproductive biology research foundation and one of the united states’ leading sex scientists, said, “The first question we ask about patients who have been referred to us for frigidity is, has she been taking the pill?” She notes that many doctors are deeply concerned about the possibility of genetic damage that can occur. “Dr. David Carr, of M&laster University in Hamilton, found a striking increase in a rare chromosomal defect known as triploidy among the babies of women who conceive within six months after going off the pill. “Most of the babies with this defect die in the womb or at birth.” Seaman said that many doctors “scoffed at women who asked them whether this or that ailment could be caused by the pill. “The stock reply, not always put ner,

in his

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so bluntly was, ‘it’s all in your head.’ “The doctors scoff no longer. It is now recognized that the hormones in the pill affect virtually every system of the body and may produce extremely bizarre responses. “More than 50 different side effects have been attributed to the pill. “Frankly, I’m trying to scare the hell out of women-and the men who should be feeling some responsibility.” + She feels that the pill has become a crutch for the social planners who consider it is worth taking the risks with the health of women because, in their opinion, problems of overpopulation and unwanted pregnancies are greater risks. “There is enough research to show that the women who take the pill don’t need it,” says Seaman. “They are the ones who used other contraceptive measures such as diaphragms before switching.” She recognizes that other methods of birth control are “more trouble for doctors, and some women can’t be bothered. “But if a woman wants to control family-if there is an unwanted pregnancy, she should be allowed by law to terminate it. “The abdrtion laws are hypocritical. Any woman who has the cash can have one. But the poor woman-now, that is real discrimination. She has to be a guinea pig for pill-dispensing doctors or turn to such horrors as using a coat hanger to bring on an abortion.”

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the North American premiere of Bruce Stewart’s

Shadow of a Pale Horse Directed by Colin Gorrie

Wednesday Thru’ Sunday December 10- 14,8 p.m. Student Tickets $1.50 Others $2.50 (Series: Three Plays $6.00)

Theatre of the Arts

staff meeting

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Telephone counse/hg service

Hi-line

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The campus center raproom volunteers were given a brief description and history of the sister organization, hi-line, at a meeting Wednesday. Al Evans, a counsellor at both Waterloo Lutheran . and uniwat, told the volunteers that telephone counselling began in London, England in 1956. “The minister of a downtown church felt there was a need for people to have someone to talk to, and published his telephone number in the London Times with the invitation to anyone with problems to call. “He was inundated with calls, so proceeded to form a group of volunteers and provided them with a brief training period. ” Evans’ philosophy is that people in problem situations can be helped as effectively by a warm-hearted layman as by a professionally trained counsellor, psychologist or psychiatrist, because the person will “simply listen.” “People can be helped through a crisis by a sympathetic listener.” Three years ago at Waterloo the idea to establish a telephone counselling service was offered. Evans stated that they trained a group of 50 students for six weeks during the spring term. “At Lutheran, where there were only about 2500. students, we re-

It’s hard by Thomas

outlined

ceived 50 calls during the first five or six weeks of operations. “The problems ranged from vocational to suicidal.” Then, through the sponsorship of counselling services at uni wat, the program was offered to both universities. \ “We ran a training program last fall for 100 student volunteers,” said Evans. “At the height of the year, we were receiving ten to 15 calls a night. “Again, the problems ranged from vocational guidance, emotional, financial, academic to suitidal . ’ ’ The training program consists of lectures on the art of listening, human sexuality, drug culture, suicide, the science and symptoms of mental illness, alcohol, and the availability of resource agencies in the community. In Evans’ opinion, the most valuable part of the training is the role-playing. “The volunteers are divided into small groups, with a professional counsellor in charge. The group will select a problem they wish to discuss, and one student will play the role of counsellor, and another of counsellee. “The group then discusses how they felt about the manner in which the problem was handled.” Hi-line can handle up to three incoming calls at one time. A group

i

of professionals is behind the student volunteer staff-medical doctors, psychiatrists and the various resource agencies in the community which are operating on a 24hour-a-day basis. “The relationship of hi-line is supportive, ” said Evans. “The volunteers encourage people to talk. And talking lowers tension and stress; they begin to feel better.” Evans stated that hi-line receives a lot of calls requesting information on drugs, and calls from people who are having bad trips. On the subject of suicides, Evans told the volunteers that spring is the prime time of the year, and that the prime time of the day is between 4am and 6am. He told the raproom staff that he had received very positive feedback on the campus center operation. “We should have raprooms all over the university,” hesaid. One of the volunteers asked Evans for his view on abortions. “I believe everyone who wants an abortion should have the right to get one,” he stated. Al Evans, a united church minister, is a soft-spoken, warm human being who is very much concerned about people with problems. Hi-line operates from 7pm to 7am. The number is 745-4733.

to be u candidate...

Edwards

Chevron staff

It’s hard to be a presidential candidate, it’s really a drag... The following is the official schedule of Tom McLeod, guest of the presidential search committee. Monday 1 december starts at 9am in science dean Bill Pearson’s office. At 9 :30, McLeod moves on to the science conference room to confer with the science, optometry and phys-ed department heads. And at 10 he starts 40 minutes in the science faculty lounge, an open meeting. At 10:40, McLeod is allowed 20 minutes to rest, and travel on to’ the office of academic vicepresident Jay Minas for a half-hour chat. At 11:30 am, the academic service bureaucrats start their 50 minutes examining their potential chief executive. Here Tom’s,in luck: he’s been alloted 10 minute&o travel up one flight of stairs to the office of the incumbent, Howie Petch, for a buffet lunch including Minas, treasurer Bruce Gellatly and operations czar Al Adlington. At 1: 45pm it’s travel time again and at 2pm it’s math dean Bill Forbes’ office. The math department chairmen take over at 2:30 down the hall and 3 is open-meeting time again in the math faculty lounge. A well-earned 20-minute rest and travel-break follows.

At 4pm, the student bureaucrats in the federation and the undergrad societies are alloted 30 minutes with McLeod and the grad student union executive gets the next half-hour. At 5pm, anyone in the campus center gets a chance to meet the presidential prospect.

By 6pm, McLeod will be free for the day and probably will’be exposed to pigtails and sauerkraut, or some other local disaster. This should set him up for an 8:30am coffee meeting at St. Jerome’s with the church college heads( that’s what the program says) to start december 2. For some reason there’s no travel time alloted, so engineering dean Don Scott’s half-hour will probably be a little short. At 9:30 the engineering department chairmen take McLeod into their bearpit and at 10 it’s open season again-this time in the board and senate room. There’s a 40-minute break before the candidate talks” to Howie Petch again in the boss’s office. The faculty association takes over at 11:30 for half an hour. McLeod gets a ten-minute break to drag himself to lunch with what the program calls the admin groupthe senior non-academic bureaucrats. This gathering in the Laurel room ends at 1:30 with a ten-minute walking break over to arts dean Warren Ober’s office. At 2: 10, the arts and environmental studies department chairmen and the church college heads take McLeod into the social science conference room from which he will emerge at 2: 40 to spend 40 open minutes in the social science faculty lounge. After a 40-minute break, McLeod will walk on to the arts theater stage to give an address entitled C@te apprOpriakly

Confkts

in higher

tween the four students, the waitress advised them the cover charge was $1. She subsequently ignored them to serve other customers, and alleged assault occurred shortly thereafter. A WLU philosophy class decided to take a class coffee break at the restaurant to see its policies firsthand after hearing about many similar incidents. One student, Carl Watkin, said his table was assessed a $l-a-person cover charge by a waitress monday. At another table, students with long hair were told the cover charge would be $2. “Three tables around us didn’t have any cover charge at all,” said Watkin. The menu reads, “minimum charge at table: 25 cents per person.”

Watkin said the Palladium manager told him he had the right to change the cover charge. At a nearby table, coffee was served to one customer without a cover charge. The class of 30 left when the manager came in with a pohceman and asked them to leave. , The students asked for his reasons, but the manager refused to answer. The policeman said warrants would be issued unless they left. Joel Hartt, a social and political philosophy teacher who accompanied the students to the Palladium, said the point was to show social persecution. A Chevron reporter who telephoned the restaurant was told that the Palladium manager is Peter Ioannidis.

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An informal reception in the arts faculty lounge will precede his retreat to the prairies from whence he came. And uniwat will live happily ever-after.

long huir raises cover charge The staff of the Palladium restaurant, 146 King street west in Kitchener, has been accused by long-haired students of discriminating against them by ignoring them, raising cover charges or even physically attacking them. West indians living in the area have also complained of being refused service at the Palladium. Hans Bongarts, 20, a secondyear WLU student from Delhi, laid assault charges against the Palladium manager after an incident on november 17. The case comes to court december 1. Bongarts and three friends were advised by a Palladium waitress of a 50-cent cover charge because the four were seated in a booth. One member of the group asked if the cover charge applied if they sat on stools, and was told it did. After a brief jovial exchange be-

TOYOTA?

5th Annual

I Carol Fantasy Saturday, December 6 - 8: 00 p.m. Sunday, December 7 - 3:00 p.m. THEATRE OF THE ARTS University of Waterloo University of Waterloo Chorus, Chamber Choir, Concert Band, Little Symphony Orchestra A programme

of Advent and Christmas

s

Music

Music - Bach Cantata No. 140 Sleepers Awake! Haydn, Toy Symphony Music Director and Conductor ALFRED KUNZ FREE Admission

Ticket

ft-iday 28 nowember

1969 (10:35)

5%3

-F


The Russian Festival Schedule of Events TODAY

ROMANS share-study. 12 noon, room 217 campus center. UNIQUE boutique. A sale of hand-crafted goods, weaving, pottery, batik, paintings etc. Proceeds to the campus nursery fund sponsored by the U of W wives club, 10-4, food services. MEET-the-artists session with W. Bryce Kendrick and G. Power. Noon-1:30pm, theater gallery. FILM: Ballad of a soldier by Grigori Chukri. Admission $1, 4pm, engineering lecture,d room 201. FILM from the russian embassy about M. Gorkii. Admission free, lpm. Arts lecture room 113. BADMINTON club. Ten courts available, varsity teams now working out. 7-llpm, phys-ed complex. FILMS: Mayerling, starring Omar Sharif, James Mason, Catherine Denvue and Ava Gardner. Also hot millions, with Peter Ustinov and Bob Newhart. $1 non-members; 75~members. 8pm, AL116. GEOGRAPHY and planning pub and dance featuring The music man. Admission 56~.8:30-midnight, campus center pub.

FRIDAY, NBV. 28th: 1:00 Film: From the Russian Embassy. Either on Gorkii or Esenin. (AL No. 113) - in English - Free 4: 00 Film: Grigori Chukrai’s Ballad of a Soldier. English subtitles. (EL No. 201) Admission $1.00 8 : 00 Dance: The Russian band “Odessa” will play oldies and goldies from deep inside Mother RIBsia. (Carnival. Room) Admission $1.50 ; $2.50 per couple. Tickets for any of these events can be obtained in the Mod. Lang. Bldg. Hoping to see you at the Russian THE RUSSIAN CLUB

at the box office

Festival,

SATURDAY

SALESMEN WANT.ED

DANCE with McKenna Mendelson Mainline. Admission $1.50at door, 9pm, student village red dining hall. CONRAD Grebel music-lecture series presents swiss mennonite men’s chorus. Admission by season ticket. 8: 15pm, arts tbeater. FILMS: Mayerling, starring Omar Shari& James Mason, Catherine D&vue, and Ava Gardner. Also hot millions with Peter Ustinov and Bob Newbart. $1 non-members ;

to sell: Swingair CN youth VISA -

756members. 8pm. AL116. MISSING peece coffeehouse. 9pm. Conrad Grebel. DANCE with the smile. Licenced. Admission $1.50at door: members $1. 8:30 to midnight, food servides SUNDAY

Free movies. ‘Badman‘s gold’, with John Carpenter and ‘One am’ with Charlie Chaplin. 10pm and lam, campus center great hall. WATERLOO CONCERT BAND. Admission free,‘3pm, arts theater. FILMS: Mayerling, starring Omar Sarif, James Mason, Catherine Denvue, and Ava Gardner. Also hot millions, with Peter Ustinov and Bob Newhart. $1 non-members; 75~members. 8pm, AL116. COLLEGE-career fellowship hour. Come hell or high water. Will your faith stand up under pressure? 8:30pm, first baptist church 19John street, Waterloo. FREE movies. ‘captain Kidd’ with Charles Laughton and ‘easy street’ with Charlie Chaplin. 16pm and lam, campus center great hall. LEONARD Allan Rosenbulm from State university of New York. Topic ‘maternal behavior and infant attachment’, 3pm, physics 145. FREE film N.F.B. “This is my invention” sponsored by IEEE. Noon, P145. TUESDAY

.

FREE movies. ‘Trailing the killer’ with Rin Tin Tin and ‘the count’ with Charlie Chaplin. 16pm and lam campus center great hall. NOON. program “Christ in the concrete city” a drama by intervarsity Christian fellowship. Admission free, 12:15pm,arts theater.

CHRISTIAN perspective club. 8pm. M&C 5136. UFT AIRCRAFT cleaning. 6: 15-8:30pm. inside hanger 5, WW airport. FREE movies. ‘Devil riders’ with Buster Crabbe and ‘the vagabond’ with Charlie Chaplin. 1Opmand lam, campus center great hall. BADMINTON club. Ten courts available, varsity teams now working out. 7-llpm. phys-ed complex. NOON program, university of Waterloo concert band. admission free, 12:15pm. arts theater. RADIO Waterloo. The IT of W broadcasting association, operators of radio Waterloo. is holding a meeting. All members must attend. New members are welcome to join. 7:30pm, reading lounge, campus center. U.P. presents beer bash at knights. of Columbus hall. corner of University and Weber. Dance to the new ming dynasty, licensed. Admission $1.50,Spm-lam. BEER and conversation night. 9pm. city hotel. THURSDAY

FREE movies. ‘Burning cross’ with Hank Daniels and ‘face on the barroom floor’ with Charlie Chaplin. 1Opmand.lam, campus center great hall. DANCE program put on by university of Waterloo dance club. Free admission, 12:15 pm, arts theater. BIBLE study. Come and share in a study of Paul’s letter to the romans. Noon, 211, campus center. UFT AIRCRAFT cleaning. 6: 15-8:30pm. inside hanger 5, WW airport.

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Uniwat

vs York

Basketball fans are in for a long weekend as eight of the country’s top b-ball teams are at Waterloo for the second annual tip-off tournament. The tourney begins at lpm today in the gym and runs all afternoon and evening, climaxing with the York-Waterloo game, and all day and evening Saturday, ending withy the championship. Today’s first game features the university of Guelph versus the St. Mary’s huskies from Halifax. University of Western Ontario, expected to be a strong OQAA meets contender this year, Laurentian at 3pm. In the first game tonight, at 7pm, the Acadia axmen, last year’s winner of the tournament, will Queen ‘s. Queen’s Play has the second highest scorer in the eastern OQAA last year, Ron Walsh. The big game of the day, and

perhaps the year, for the warriors goes at 9pm tonight. The York university yeomen will be the opposition for the warriors and should provide more than adequate opposition. York features Sandy Nixon, an all-canadian last year when he played for Lutheran, and are extremely _. strong this year. York defeated a powerful university of Windsor team last weekend and Windsor has the same squad that won the national championship last year. Tonight at 9 is the only time that the warriors this year will be playing against York and are anxious to establish themselves as a power in canadian college basketball this season. It is their only chance to convince York, as they try to extend their undefeated string this year. The York match could be one of the warriors’ most exciting all year and the winner of

Aqua- wcarriors by Paul Solomonian

The swimming warriors opened their second OQAA season Saturday in a triangular meet against Toronto and McMaster in Toronto. Despite Waterloo’s distant third-place finish, coach Bob Graham feels the squad will improve on last year’s seventh place finish. With a strong core of returnees the team is reaching for fifth spot behind powerhouses McGill, Western, Guelph and Toronto. Heading the cast will be butterfly ace George Roy, defending OQAA champion at 200 yards. His 2: 05 clocking in the championships last winter set a new canadian standard. Roy was the one-man uniwat team at the Canadian finals where he gained 34 points in three events, placing uniwat twelfth. He capped the season by being named to the .allCanadian swim team. , Joining Roy from last year is Warren Paige, who lowered his 100 yard free-style time to 54.7 last winter. Also back are middle-distance freestyler Haig Moreton, alldistance freestyler Mike McMillan, and Jim Frank, who does the ZOO-yard backstroke. Freestyler Brian Thompson and sprinter-butterflier Peter Straka are also returning as is versatile Brian Bachert, who does

iFOCLT The last individual event for the fall term is the co-ed curling bonspiel to be held on sunday, december 7 at Kitchener’s granite club. Entries must be in by friday december 5 to Paul Solomonian of habitat, ND-213, phone 579-0496. All are welcome to participate in this last event, a co-ed one. basketball The intramural league is over fand eight teams are in the playoffs, two from won the each league. Renison residence league with St. Jerome’s second. The village league was won by west by one point over habitat. Physq’ won the upper ith upper math faculty league second. Frosh math and frosh arts finished in that order in the

in B-ball

and athenas

the freestyle and 200 yard backstroke and individual medley. Heading a long list of‘ newcomers is Guelph veteran Doug Lorriman. Lorriman got 24 points for the gryphons in last year’s OQAA meet and will give the warriors strength in the distance events and individual medley. Also new are Mike Lipp, butterfly and middle-distance freestyle, and Damien Winchula, expected to fill a large gap in the breaststroke. event. Two grad students out as rookies are Bruce Allen in the distance events and Bill Munsie in the sprints and backstroke. Carrying Waterloo colors to the top of the l-and 3-metre diving boards will be Brian Hilko, Lester Newky and Mike Guerro. The warriors travel to Toronto again tomorrow to improve on last week’s showing. The first of their three home meets will be january 10 against Toronto and Windsor. The swimming athenas are also out to improve on last year’s finish, when they came second to Windsor using 12 less girls. Most of uniwat’s nine are back including Kathie Parrish in the 200 and 400 freestyle, Joyce Matheson in the breaststroke and freestyle, and Sue Roberston in the middle-distance freestyle.

TAXLET frosh division and are both in the playoffs. The quarter-finals take place next monday night beginning at 7pm. The semis are tuesday night, with the final being held in the main gym on Saturday, december 6. Admission to them all is free. nine activities, St. After Jerome’s has opened up a 32point lead in the Fryer trophy race. They have 149 points to physed’s 117 and grads 116., Habitat and upper eng have 104 and 103 respectively. Renison leads the Townson with 135 points, 21 more than upper eng. St. second place Paul’s is third with 101.

toyrney this game has to be favoured to win the tournament. The losers of the first two games meet at 9 tomorrow morningj those of the second two at 1.1 am. The winners of games one and two play at lpm and the winners of Acadia’s and Waterloo’s games meet at 3. The consolation final is at 7 tomorrow night with the championship game at 9pm. The statistics of the warriors’ first three games ‘are as follows ; offensive average 90.3 points and defensive average 77.7 points. leading rebounders : Paul Bilewicz 28 Dennis Wing 20 Dave Crichton 20 Art Webster 15 leading scorers : (ave. per game) Jaan Laaniste 29.7 Tom Kieswetter 17.3 Dennis Wing 12.3

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previews Also back are sprinter Mary Handford and butterflier Judy Hales. Some very strong newcomers will give the team depth. Lois Wilson swims the freestyle, butterfly and individual medley. Cheryl Smith does the latter two of those plus the breaststroke. Montreal’s Helen Morgan also does the medley, freestyle and backstroke. Betsy Johnson from Florida is also a freestyler. Ann Stiles and rookie Marg Brown from London, head up the diving squad. .* In addition to this line-up would like coach Graham more girl participants. The athenas swam in a dual meet against the defending champs, Guelph, last week losing 66-56. They came fourth in an earlier meet at McMaster, where they beat Windsor. Athenas have two away meets next month and host an international meet january 16. This year the athenas host the league championships on february 7

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Hockey lineup

for warriors Since the ‘pucking-about’ warriors open their home OQAA season tonight, it seems fitting to provide the line-ups for the viewers interested in identifying their heroes. 1 Jim Weber 20 Ian Scott 2 Pete Paleczney 3 Savo Vujovic 5 Phil Branston 6 Rick Bacon 7 Ken Laidlaw 8 Ian McKegney 9 Ron Robinson 10 Dave Rudge 11 Bob Thorpe 12 Bob Reade 14 Dennis Farwell 15 Roger Kropf 16 Rick Maloney 17 Gary Robertson 18 Greg Sephton 19 Peter Miller 21 Bill Hogan Gametime tonight erloo arena is 8 : 30.

at the Wat-

requires a PRODUCTION ASSISTANT for- the winter term. This is a fulltime, salaried nc ,ition. Applicants should be experienced in all areas of newspaper production: writing, copy-editing, layout; photography and offset printing knowledge an asset. Applications should be addressed to the,editor, the Chevron, university of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontari-ari-ario. Deadline is 5 pm, friday 5 december.

lDunnette[ friday

28 november

1969 (10:35/

585

&


Reading between the lines at last week’s three hour meeting between uniwat and the province’s committee on university affairs, one comes up with some juicy clues on the future. For example, we will not get a teachers college. They didn’t come right out and say this, of course, but the committee commented on the decline in the need for teachers, or the decline of the rate of increase needed. Evidence is found that the public school system is being drastically cut back following the tailings of the post-war baby-boom. The next wave will start hitting the public schools in 1974 or so, and the high schools in 1982. Of course it would be silly to expect that better teachers with smaller classes are possible. Of course the first generation of baby-boom is still crowding the high schools and the crunch is still to come at universities. And so the province will start tightening up on universities because they obviously cost too much for all these people. They could save a lot of money with a day and a night timetable, and maybe they could pack more than 14,000 on a campus the size of ours that way. Of course one cannot ignore the expected expenditure of $7% billion slated for the south campus in the next seven years. That’s a lot of prestige, man, and it’d be worth a lot of points to the fat cats in town. The optometry college has probably already heard that the province will declare them a health science. Wow. Have you also heard that the province will soon start a study into the needs of the province (not the world, mind you) in the health field and thence will determine whether or not you will get the building you were apparently promised when you came to uniwat? You see, uniwat had run up quite an impressive debt by 1968. Now the boys who are the powers around here, found this mighty uncomfortable and asked their friends in Toronto to help them out. Which they -did in the form of generous capital grants for building. (This year uniwat was the ONLY university to have its capital budget survive completely unscathed. ) With more buildings, you can have more students, you can

Louis

Riel

get more money, and because some costs are fixed, you can write off your debts (rumored between a few thousand by the administration’s info services and fifty millions by the more eager on the left). It is interesting to note discrepancies between the list of building additions in the brief and those in the Gazette a few weeks back. The brief does mention a campus center addition ‘for 1974 or so with the reservation that other priorities may appear, but lo and behold, only one sdmin building. * * * The attendance and seating at the meeting was also kind of entertaining. It took place in a horse shoe shaped lecture hall at Western’s business administration building and was duly protected from the public by S.I.S. security guards and printed invitations. On the floor to the left was the committee. On the right was Waterloo, and all the deans, senior academics and possibly interested people it could drag to London for the 9: 30 am start. Anybody who may have had to answer a question was there looking absolutely thrilled at the honor of attending. Jack Gray, chairman of the arts undergrad admissions somehow wangled a seat in the front row with the brass. The second row sI lrted the deans and the chancellor. The others were relegated to the spectator seats with the (ugh) four student observers. The Gazette editor was there. Information services head Jack Adams was there. Yes, so was the K-W Record and London TV. And everybody laughed when they were supposed to, which seemed to coincide with the time the province’s university affairs king, former uniwat engineering dean Doug Wright laughed, which usually happened after somebody pointed out that the province was not really doing all the things it was either committed to do or should do. I don’t find it funny. The importance of the meetit ing, and all the surprises could have revealed had not everyone already known what was going on must have been forgotten. The meeting adjourned fifteen minutes early. Somebody must have wanted lunch.

university

Suspended may start BURNABY (CUP)-Suspended faculty from Simon Fraser university’s political science, sociology and anthropology department are planning to start their own college, PSA professor Louis Feldhammer said last week. “Plans for a new college, Louis Riel university, are now being put into action,” Feldhammer told 50 students at the unfversity of British Columbia. “The college should be open for registration some time very soon. ” Feldhammer was one of eight PSA professors suspended by administration president Kenneth Strand for their part in the Ql-day PSA strike that ended november 4. ’ Feldhammer said the students

WA profs own college had forced PSA faculty from just teaching into the radical activity that led to the administration crackdown on the department. “And the reason why we had so much trouble with the administration was that we not only taught marxism, which is acceptable, but we went further and acted marxist. That they could not take.” Meanwhile a committee of the SFU board of governors continues to hear appeals against the suspensions from seven of the eight professors. Anthropology profes-* sor Kathleen Aberle dropped her appeal november 17 when the board refused to hear testimony about events before the strike began on September 24. -


1968

And student

John Bergsma defeated Brian ller in the federation of students presidential election, and the student council elections split fairly evenly between Bergsma’s moderation-professing supporters and the radical student movement which backed ller. The Village Informer staff mutinied when the editor-in-chief attempted to put out a political edition, and the college of environmental studies was off to a shaky start. Waterloo students were arrested while picketing with a large group of university students supporting a strike of the newspaper guild against the Peterborough Examiner, and the math faculty council admitted reps from the Math Medium to their meetings, but banned Chevron reporters. Knowlton Collister devoted a two-page spread to pictures and information on administrators hoping to achieve the admin presidency. Among them was Al Adlington: /

Al has a reputation for craftiness (to put it politely and he is distrusted by most faculty members who have dealt with him, but this may be because he outfoxed them. His support, however, is limited, resting as it does with a few administration secretaries and close associates who report to him. His appointment would probably mea.n personnel director Ernie Lucy’s

-

A general income-tax rise would be unfair, he felt, “because a lot of people who haven’t benefited from a university education would also have to pay. ”

One editorial deplored the relations between uniwat students and faculty and the local community, and another suggested that if you receive a parking ticket from the Waterloo police department it is a good idea to pay it. And a front-page story indicating clearly the Gory’s journalism quality, was about the Christmas banquet:

it clique. This little group costs the rest of the villagers $28,900 every term. The raise in fees cculd possibly be avaided altogether if administration was more efficient and there were fewer frills like the tutors, another uneconomical position in the bureaucracy.

In the short history of this university, one tradition has firmly established itself as a festive and memorable occasion. This is, of course, the annual christmas banquet for students, faculty and staff. This year it is to be held one short week from today. This year, the theme “the magic of christmas” was selected with the purpose of injecting a spirit of fantasy and fun into the proceedings. Indeed what could be more magical than faculty, staff, administration and students wining and dining side by side and enjoying the fascinating program-what else could it be

Admin president Gerry Hagey proudly predicted 10,000 students by 1970 and 16,000 by 1975; and the stars-and-bars travel agent y- the draft-resistance movement in Canada- was to discuss the feasibility of setting up an underground railway station in Waterloo. f A crown attorney in Ottawa discussed the validity of student courts, and a proposal that it be possible to impeach the federation president brought a violent reaction in student council.

with Dr. Fryer as M.C.? There are rumors of candelight processions, gift exchanges, folk singers and maybe even St. Nick himself. But basically the banquet is intended to supply a sumptuous traditional christmas banquet, complete from turkey dinner to plum pudding. It is clearly not the intention of the banquet to produce a profit, but rather to bring together the various facets of the university community in a gratifying and entertaining evening. Support this thriving tradition.

banking

Bankof

Visit your Campusbank University

people postponing their earning years. ” s Professor Macpherson suggested that the only equitable means of financing this program would be a.n additional income tax on university graduates.

r 196.4

1966

True Cheauino Accounts. True Savings &counts. Complete services for students and faculty.

unless drastic steps are taken. With an undergraduate enrolment of at least 8,000 in 1970, the parking facilities at Seagram stadium would not be sufficient.

Professor Macpherson told students that free education is not enough to attract people from lower income groups to university. “The student should’ also be paid a stipend equal to what he would’ make if he were working instead of attending university.” He argued that students would have to be paid because “the whole outlook of lower income groups goes against

The faculty association called the admin s parking policy “a gross violation of the rights, authority and express wishes of the faculty,” and H.D. Goldbrick, aryan affairs commission chancellor, declared the entire university closed. The village fees were increased, and an editorial pointed out that fees could be kept down if village dons paid rent:

you-

the rapid gro wth of uniwat:

The projection facilities in the four new lecture halls of arts lecture were not designed properly, and Walter Massey was appointed drama director-in-residence for the winter term. Engineering night was termed a drownded success, and university of Toronto prof C.B. Macpherson had a new suggestion for financing university students:

1967

We end up with a holier-than-thou, Clbetter-wear-a-tie-to-dinner-if-I-feel-like

discussed

1965

elevation to Al’s old job and PP and P director Bill Lobban’s appointment as development vicepresiden t , shoving out Ted Batke who’s in that job now. Al is probably campaigning on the platform of law ‘n’ order with a view to exiling student radicals and making everyone take an oath of allegiance to uniwat as they join the police state (excuse me, university community).

Most dons try to ignore their responsibilities anyway. Some don’t even want to put up the omnipresent notices in the johns.

council

Student council’s planning committee presented a report to council which stressed that parking space and residence accommodation will be absolutely inadequate for a student enrolment of 10,000

& Philip St. Branch, 156 University Main Office, 3 King Street South.

Ave.

Canada’s

Montreal First

Bank

DOUGIE DAY friday

28 november

1969 (10:35)

5&7

11


There is a large stretch of open land along the transcanada highway between the towns of Brooks and cliff Alberta. Halfway between these towns the traveller notices a tall, red-and-white water tower. It catches the eye because for miles around there are only telephone poles and the brown grass of the unsettled range. A paved road runs to the tower, and nearby there 4s a gas station, a few houses and a small railway station on the CPR main line. Further on, there’s a four-storey brick structure that looks like any medium-sized office building. In a few seconds the traveller has passed Suffield, and is on his way to Medicine Hat, 28 miles away. That brick building at Suffield is guarded by the tightest security that surrounds any Canadian government installation. It also has a lOOO-square-mile back yard, with 112 miles of fence guarded by constant patrols. The complex is a world to itself:” it is an entirely self-sustaining compound with its own electrical plant, its own airport, its own supphes of natural gas, its own road system and railroad. The compound is known as the defence research establishment (~nff~eld) and employs 330 men, over 150 of them scientists. It is one of the largest and best-equipped chemical and biological warfare test fields in the western world. The brick building is its administrative center, and its laboratories house 239 gases under test and the dreadest viruses known to mankind. Here, since the spring of 1941, in laboratories and in the field, Canada has tested and perfected nerve gases? asphy~iat~ng chemicals and strains of viruses that are judged most effective against people, cattle, food supplies and vegetation. Here Canada, a minor military power, made the big league. The defence research establishment (Suffield) s a --operates under the defence research board of -DRB-- co-ordinati~g with the board’s chemical reoutside Ottawa.

field”, Pennie replied: “Yes, this%+ true, * titular areas where we are better staff or training facilities, to da3rc kind of work.” Which aspects ? “We have a large establishment on the prairies at Suffield.. .. There we have an open air laboratory. We have a tract of ground made up of a thousand square miles of territory. This is very useful when one is contemplating or assessing the usefulness of candidate agents in this type of field. ” ~~~~~~a~~~, September 1967. He explained further that “the program is jointly operated in this particular testing area? so it may be a program of testing some type of agent or candidate agent which has arisen as a result of U.K. or U.S. development work.” . In other words, Canada specializes in testing CBW weapons devised by the United States and Britain. Hence Suffield’s crucial l,OOO”s~nare miles. furthermore, through the “free disclosure of information in all these and *areas”, we are a crucial part of U.S. development stockpiling of nerve gases and bacteriological weapons. The development of chemical weapons-gases-dates much earlier than the bacteriological-germ warperiod. ~acterio~og~~al warfare only began to be considered seriously as having military potential in a modern war towards the end of the 1930’s. Gas, however, was first used in the first world war by the french, who deployed non-lethal riot-control gases. They were followed by the germans at Ypres in 1915, who unleashed a chlorine gas attack, killing ~,OOO soldiers and injuring ~0,~~~. Then each side happily took its turn, with mustard gas. in, France and the United States began gas warfare research almost simultaneously, not long after the

deafly

members

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Iben head of the de-

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country”.

Sites were

surveyed

i

four times

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The answer is twofold. Canada was one of the first countries in the world to conduct serious research into this form of warfare-we are recognized pioneers. Secondly, the defence research board is not so concerned with defending Canada, as in aiding the United States (and to some extent Britain) develop a chemical and bacteriological warfare potential. During the second world war, Canada entered into a “technical cooperation program”. whose clauses are a military secret, with the United States, Britain and Australia. In a brief before the senate committee on science policy last year, DI-ZB spokesmen described this program as an agreement “to colliaborate in defence science with the aim of improving the combined efficiency of these four countries and minimizing duplication of effort. It is probably the most important international program at present.‘” I.Jnder this program, “Canada maintains its . CBW establishment. In 196’7, the man then in charge of Suffield, Archie Pennie was asked how the tripartite pact works: “There are regular meetings of scientific staff engaged in this particular line of work (CBW) in all three countries and there is free disclosure of information in all these areas We also attempt to divide the work between laboratories, whether they be in Britain, the United States or here: wherever the work suits. “You can understand that you need specialized faeilities for this type of work. There are facilities in Canada

ated after the war at the ~8-square-mile encampment which is reported to house huge fermentation tanks devoted to the mass production of germs. Britain suffers from lack of space for testing areas, and” has depended exclusively on two large testing areas in the commonwealth. A less important one has been the Bahamas out-islands region where some islands are now sealed off because of contamination. The other has been Suffield.

until 1936, Canada’s concern over the possibility of chemical and biological war was limited to assigning a nnember of the national research council’s chemistry division to keep up-to-date on the literature in the field. But in 1936, prompted by the british, the department of national defence decided the worsening european situation required protective steps. A small respirator-assembly plant was established in Ottawa to produce facepieces, haversacks and other accessories. But the production of gas masks and respirator containers was not all Canada had done by the time war broke out. “Most important...perha~s, had been the training of a few experts who were up-to-date in their chemical knowledge and fully aware of the chemical requirements.

~ondu~ting field trials with mortar and rockets. Work was also done on smoke and flame warfare. By the end of the war Suffield employed 584 men, around a core of 56 top scientists specializing in everything from chemical engineering to entomology. Suffield became an all-Canadian enterprise in 1946 when british financial support was ended. It was decided to maintain the base since “it had been so valuable during the war to Canada and her allies’” and also because “. . . the need for an extensive experimental range would continue in times of peace.” The men who anticipated this gruesome war need in times of peace were not proven wrong. In 1958, the defence board could boast in its official history that “the facilities of the establishment have been used freely by both of Canada’s major allies. In 1950, for instance . . . .most of the field trials of chemical warfare agents which were being conducted in the free world were being done at Suffield. Throughout 1952 the chief emphasis at Suffield was on testing of chemical warfare ammunitions for both the united kingdom and the United States equipments. A new type of dynamic bursting chamber was constructed in this same year for the testing of biological warfare ammnnitions~ ” But this germ chamber was not by any means Ca first baby step into the frontier field of bacteria


In 1947, Canada’s chief negotiator qn disarmament, general A GL. ~c~augbton, was asked in a ~ariiafner~tary committee if “in the event of war today, an enemy, whosoever it might be, entered into chemical and biological warfare, we are going to be in a position ts counteract that and meet them on the same ground?” General ~c~aughtot~ re~s~~r~ded: ‘I am not goirlg to a?~s~er that.” Pressed further-“you couI say it off the record”‘---he a/ Swered: “No. I’ dare not.” _ The answer general ~c~augh ton red not give bvas “Yes. ”

7ould

diminish

the fighting

strength

o

et been introducin large part thanks ) Canada.

Here the american and Canadian scientists specialized’ in the dread cattle disease, rinderpest, whose mortality count is 80 percent, and which can, in very small quantities and with great speed, wipe out the cattle-producing region of any country. This project demonstrates best the dubious nature of the defensive research done in Canada. Why did it not choose to develop vaccine protection from a spectrum of possible enemy attack viruses? furthermore, rinderpest had been wiped out in North America, and Grossd ICle had to import the virus from Africa, despite the strong objections from the government’s departments sf agriculture and health. This case of importing the rinderpest virus becomes all the more suspect when it’s considered that, like most viruses Canada was researching. at Kingston, only laboratory quantities were necessaiy to per&t a biol&$cal attack against an enemy. With these ample laboratory quantities Canada already had, in effect, a BW attack potential.

of CBW in America, said recently that “although you’d never know it from reading the Canadian press, Canada is very highly regarded in the military here for its role in CBW research and development”. Suffield research papers are widely circulate the U.S. CBW labs, he wrote in his book, and “U.S. chemical corps officials have circulated papers from another microbiological research centre in Ottawa. ” This is obviously Shirley bay, which took over the Kingston iaboratories BW research in 1960; very little information is available on the nature of work at Shirley bay. But Hersh cast some. light on the reasons for the acceleration of activity at Suffield during the past year: “Suffield has become colossally important to the CBW people here in the last year, ever’ since the uproar came out over tests within the United States,” he said in October, “it’s a known thing in Washington that Snff~e~d has become the U.S. prime testing area now.”

s been s~ecia~izin~ in “nail-lethal *’ at Suffield, and its research 23. forces in Vietnam. p the U.S. began chemical warfare in Vietnam, using d~f~liants~ cram-destruction agents, i~secticid~~~ ~~d-~~n-letha~ incapacitating agents. Canadian research and development technology saw its in has borne fruit fo

The r& of the Canadian university in the BW field was ~r~rni~ent from the beginning. In charge sf the special weapons committee, of course, was Otto Maas of -MC-

on ~nt~l~igeuce reand ~~~s~bly russiweap~n§ even before the

ns had studie

4th meeting

of the

arch 20, 1950, the point was areas

a

defeuse bad In 1941 n-Unites tates c~mrnissiQ~ which studied BW on a joint basis. stations were established in Canada in 1942, to alize entirely in BW. leaving Suffield to specialtests only. The first was the ingston laboratory organised by he army early that year as a BW station under the rmy’s directorate of chemical warfare. Led 33. teed, a Queen’s university professor, it c ted everal major projects, one of the most imp0 beng the study of the botulinurn virus. The virus, a deady. rQd-shaped organism which survives in the soil, has een many times responsible for serious outbreaks of 3od poisoning. Kingston’s work was primarily concerned with disases which might attack re more vulnerable to B ?g a country’s livestock c ffect on its economy and uma+n popuia tion. Therefore Can e irosse Ile, uebec, an island in the St. La wreaace river, nrl S~CTI americans.

minister

of national

the NLF

9. s item

Xn 1940 the canadian

to prevent

on

7 octob

.

u&es a defence ent spokesman end of “exercise t a tbr~e-week long exercise in which over 2~000 ~a~a~~~~, american and british personnel took part. The exercise-cQ~ducted at Suffield, comprise a mock ~~ern~ca~ attack to “test tbe reaction of troops to the presence of gas”. Since tbeq the defense department in Ottawa will only ackuQwledge that “several other tests have taken piace, the nature of which is classified, ’ ’ but that U.S. military personnel were involved. The level of activity reported at Suffield over the past year, would indicate some acceleration of tests, or widening of the program. This might perhaps be explained by events a year ago in the United States germ test fields in Utah. The dugway proving grounds are much like Suffielda giant, isolated terrain, ideal for operational tests of gas and germ agents. Last year, however, a miscalculated wind and faulty diffusion mechanisms on the dropaircraft almost wiped sut three small towns. Instead 6~0 grazing sheep several miles away were killed by the descending lethal cloud. The army tried for several weeks to explain away the death of the sheep by whatever the imaginations of the public relations men in the ~~ntagQn could concoct. ut the story was eventually broken by a wire service reporter, Seymour Hersh, who had been taking a particular interest in the CBW field for some time. ree years researching his history

anted to clear a Viet-Cong area, they had a choice of either moving in with men, or forcing the pQ~ulati~n out by other means, The herbicides worked remarkably-refugee camps had to take in 10,000 more peasants a month during the peak of the chemical war. Clever. The U.S. has had equally few reservations about the use of gas in Vietnam. Army field manual 27-10, law of land warfare informs the soldier “the United States is not a party ts any treaty, now in force, that pr hibits or restricts the use in warfare af toxic or nontoxic gases, or sni;toke and incendiary .materials, or of bacteriological warfare.” The U.S. never signed the Geneva convention of 1925 that banned all these weapons. Canada did. The U.S. has used since 1962, three nun-lethal gases in combat zones, usually in massive air-drop quantities. lusbing out operations in villages. caves, tunnels or uildings. The gases are CN, the *continued

over page


* from

previous

page

st~~ndartl riot tear gases. the newly-developed super t 1‘i11’ gas. and DM, which the pentagon calls a riot gas” but which most medical authorities consider a .* toxic respiratory agent” (i.e. with lethal possibilities). ‘I-h weL “non-toxic” gases have their greatest effect on old people, children, pregnant women and the sick. In a concentrated riot gas attack on a village, 10 per cent casualties can be expected, almost all from this segment of the population. When detonated in a building or in a tunnel with no ventilation, the gases can have up to 50 per cent mortality rates. The military manual on DM cautions “use only where possible deaths are acceptable”. ‘A Canadian physician in south Vietnam, Alje Vennema of Burlington Ontario, provided the most striking evidence on the effects of military use of these gases. On november 23, 1967, he wrote the following account of his experience with gas victims while serving at the Quang Ngai provincial hospital: “During the last three years I have examined and treated a number of patients, men, women and children who have been exposed to a type of war gas the name of which I do not know (it later proved to be adamsite, DM). The type of gas used makes one quite sick when one touches the patient or inhales the breath from their lungs. After contact with them for three minutes, one has to leave the room in order not to get ill. “The patient usually gives a history of having been hiding in a cave or tunnel or bunker or shelter into which a cannister of gas was thrown in order to force them to leave their hiding place. The patients that have come to my attention were very ill with signs and symptoms of gas poisoning similar to those I have seen in veterans from the first world war treated at Queen Mary’s veteran’s hospital in Montreal. The only difference between the cases was that these Vietnamese patients were more acutely ill.. . “Patients are feverish, semi-comatose, severely short of breath, vomit, are restless and irritable. Most of the physical signs are in the respiratory and circulatory systems.. .the mortality rate in adults is about 10 per cent while the mortality rate in children is about 90 per cent. ” Dr. Vennema had no way of knowing then that these gases were tested, perfected, and some chemical components in them actually developed in the CBW laboratories at Suffield and Shirley bay. The herbicides, which Suffield specialized in for some years, bear even more clearly the stamp of Canadian development.

Moreover, the techniques bof military deploymentaerosol dispersal from aircraft, recommended dosages for target areas, probabilities of destruction per dose of gas or herbicide--were researched and developed in Canada by Canadian scientists working with the U.S. military in Suffield, on Canadian government funds. Canadian press reported on june 22, 1968 that Stephen Rose, a biochemist at Imperial college, London, had revealed that the irritant and nausea gas GS had been; developed in Britain, the U.S. and Canada, and fieldtested in Canada. The DRB admitted this was true, although the gas was “tested in a diluted form as a possible training aid. ” Herbicides developed and tested at Suffield were harmless to humans, said the DRB. Whether or not this is true, Canada researched the dispersal techniques, so that the U.S. had a ready manual for use of them, and to make them lethal only had to add cacodylic acid (54 per cent arsenic) to the herbicides to employ them militarily. A.M. Pennie, Suffield’s CBW director in 1967, confirmed Canada’s pivotal role’in this area in his interview in the Man trealer; “This country has specialized in the control and assessment of tests in the field and teams of scientists often go abroad on tests carried out by the two other countries in the pact. They rely on Canada to provide this type of scientific and technical know-how to help them do the sampling and measuring...this is why we maintain the large tract of land in Suffield.” Pennie offered a further inkling about some of the aims of the research at Suffield: “In the last 15 years,” he said, “the interest has swung a way from what the public generally visualizes: mass attacks of choking clouds that either: kill you instantaneously or gives you bubonic plague or what have you. It’s swung away from that into the area of non-lethal incapacitating agent. If you look at the hot zones of the world, you’re dealing with towns in between it; civil population, friendly forces mixed with enemy forces. So maybe the thing to do is shake the pepper in and sort out the good from the bad. At the end of six hours they have a splitting headache, but they’re alright the next day.” He was asked if Canadian peace-keeping’ forces were able to do this today: “Well I wouldn’t say we have all types of material on hand. but this is the philosophy that we have to maintain to be alert to the capabilities of this type of operation of chemical agents...traditionally, if you look at the Canadian role, it has been one of keeping peace in the congo, in Cyprus. In the chemical operations side, maybe the thing to do is to have something that will clear

14

590 the Chevron

up the main streets Saturday night by some incapacitating but non-lethal agent. ” There are several interesting points in Pennie’s remarks. First of all, he seems to have become so rosy about the “philosophy” and possibilities of CBW, that he dropped the “defensive research” myth in his narrative. What Pennie describes here, that Canadian forces should perhaps become a sort of mobile chemical green berets putting down third world revolutions, does not sound like the purely defensive research Suffield is supposed to be engaging in exclusively to protect our shores from intruding clouds. Secondly, the record of the U.S. chemical corps in Vietnam has demonstrated where this Canadian expertise had proven useful and how Canadian research, happily handed over to the U.S. under the information clause of. the tripartite agreement, has been applied and for what political goals. And the effects on the population and land seems a little less innocent than Archic Pennie’s Saturday night parties shaken with a little toxic pepper. Pennie’s euphemisms parallel those burbled by the U.S. chemical corps when it launched a public relations campaign to make CBW more acceptable. “Exotic chemical sprays and powders,” sang the blurbs in this campaign, nicknamed operation blue skies, “hold promise of permitting relatively bloodless battles.” Or as president Johnson replies to a critical question about the use of CS gas in Vietnam: “I just wish there was concern with our soldiers who are dying, as with somebody’s eyes who were watered a bit.” The DRB also conducted its own PR campaign, which consisted principally of a brief “history of Canadian activities in the defence against chemical and biological weapons ’ ‘, by Pennie. In it he avers that the Canadian program “ . ..is designed specifically to deal with the defensive and protective aspects of the possible use of such agents by hostile forces in Canada.” As Canadian defence policy analyst James Eayrs remarked of this: “The Canadian who is reassured by that will be reassured by anything.” Only several years ago the DRB was boasting that it was developing offensive weaponry (all the while insisting it was defensive only). In Goodspeed’s history of the DRB Suffield authorities brag about a new improved napalm developed jointly by them and the Shirley bay laboratories. The americans were very impressed and it found its way into the Vietnam war by late 1962. Another one of its accomplishments was a new-, improved flame-dispersing rocket (adaptable for gas or’ bacteria dissemination), whose inventor was rewarded with a $5,000 gift. Small compensation for a weapon a medical report describes as capable of causing “third degree burns in all affected areas; with coagulation of muscle, fat and other deep tissue likely, as well as severe scar contractures and deformities, with children suffering a disproportionately high mortality and morbidity because of special problems presented by the burned child. ” It is very difficult to obtain information from the DRB about even its non-classified research ; the only way to glean some information is to discover which university scientists and graduate researchers have received funds from the DRB to do specific basic research work, and to learn just what they are being paid to research. Through some biologists, it was also possible to obtain semi-classified copies of Suffield research abstracts (reports which are made available only to those university researchers who need them for their own work for the DRB). It’s worth the trouble. There have been four universities in recent years which have been favored with these grants to their staff--MCGill, Saskatchewan, Toronto and Ottawa. Particularly interesting is that, according to the Macdonald commission on federal support to Canadian universities, the DRB spent $34,800 on biological, and $97,000 on chemical war research in grants to university labs in 1966-67. In 196768, no grants were given out for “chemical warfare research”, while $46,900 was for “biological warfare research”. There was obviously a shift of priorities towards BW in 1967. In the 1967 annual report of the defence research board (again a very difficult document for the public to obtain.) lists of grant recipients and their research topics are listed. $8,500 went to a McGill professor to do “studies of disperse systems. ” -$5,000 went to three prairie scientists to study “flight ranges of biting flies” and related subjects on the viruscarrying capacities of certain insects. Cost to the DRB I another $10,000. Another $22,000 went to McGill’s Macdonald college for study of “factors affecting the viability of bacteria under physical stress” while an Ottawa researcher received $5,800 for “studies of aerosols of viruses and of virus extracts. ” Suffield technical papers like “equipment for the production of uniform liquid droplets and uniform contamination densities”, prove to be precise studies of the most effective way of contaminating a given area. Another, “effect of relative humidity on the aerosol survival of semliki forest virus”, begins with the defenceposturing introductory paragraph: “It can be speculated that an enemy could use arbovirus aerosols in an offensive manner. It would’be of value to determine the effect of a natural atmospheric condition such as. relative humidity (RH 1 on the survival of a representative of the arbovirus group in order to provide infor-

mation useful in the estimation of hazard created by such an eventuality.” Then it proceeds to demonstrate what Suffield research has discovered is the best way of distributing such a virus in the air. It notes also the virus samples were obtained from the U.S. for the test.

A completely unquestioned field of Canadian complicity in the CBW development field lies outside the triparite pact, in NATO. Last yeara story out of West Germany tied Canada into some of the most secret work done in chemical and biological warfare, and the Canadian newspapers managed successfully to overlook it. The defence research board is part of the NATO defense research group, a consortium of secret research units which most of the public isn’t aware even exists. Through this group, many funds can be alloted without parliament or congress being informed about the specific application of money-since it is earmarked for NATO, andnot for specific research projects. An incident in West Germany last winter caused the United States untold embarrassment and caused a crisis in the Bonn government. On december 5, 1968 and january 15, 1969, two international press conferences were held in East Berlin to hear the explanations of several highly-placed West German scientists for defecting to the East. The head of the group was Ehrenfried Petras, former Pirector of the laboratory for microbiology of the institute of aerobiology in Grafschaft, West Germany. Petras and seven other colleagues who defected separately but for the same reason, explained they had worked in the field of CBW at the institute, and had, under the cover of “defensive research” been doing research, development, and actual production of several nerve and virus agents. The research work centered around (1) aerosol research and dispersal systems, (2) development of protective toxics, both for protection of troops, and also research into how to overcome the effect of protective vaccines, (3) strategic applications of agents, (4) the development of new viruses, as yet unknown, which might have military value. “Furthermore, ” Petras added, “I had to work out a program for the building up of an extensive collection of highly parthogenic breeds of micro-organisms.. .and a virus center for the entire sphere of NATO forces, central Europe was to be installed at the Grafschaft institute for experimental purposes on hundreds of tyhus, paratyphus and enteritis viruses” Petras furthermore was overseeing a study for the Bonn federal ministry of defense, in which it was to be worked out in which way military establishments could be paralyzed in a short time by means of biological weapons. There was heavy stress put on the development of soman and sarin compounds, the most lethal nerve gases yet discovered. The eight scientists also documented actual production of CB compounds for the military (the most prominent manufacturers being three successor firms to the I.G. Farben Industrie Combine, makers of the infamoussecond world war concentration camp gas-zyklon B). The scientists charged that the United States has CBW stockpiles in Germany, on a military prepared: ness basis. After weeks of denials, the U.S. defense department, prodded by West German newspapers proving Petras correct through their own investigations, admitted the presence of the stockpiles. But the most interesting statements came from the West German ministry of defense, which was hard put to explain their CBW role when they were specifically barred by a 1955 pact from developing offensive chemical or biological weapons. Bonn responded to the attack by saying that all its CBW work was being done jointly with its NATO allies, under the direction of NATO and its defense research group. The Canadian defense research board’is not only a member of that group, but the DRB has a bi-partite agreement for the exchange of defense science information with West Germany. Petras explained the reasons for this defection by saying he could no longer participate in work he knew was “of a basically offensive nature, and to the greatest detriment of mankind. ” And he told his second press conference: “Where is the defense capability of a substance so poisonous that a gram is enough to kill a million people? Where does the defensive virus stop and the aggressive virus begin? ” In his 1967 interview* A.M. Pennie remarked philosophically about the public’s attitude towards CBW: “It’s interesting how long the outcry lasts. It’s like taxation. People say they’re not going to put up with it and there’s a great hue and cry. But a month later it’s accepted. ” Richard Liskeard is a Vancouver-based free-lance writer. This article, originally titled CBW in Canada, is from the first issue of a new Canadian journal of political analysis, The fast Post. Unless otherwise indicated, all quotes are from A history of the defence research board of Canada, D.J. Goodspeed, 1958.


_-

subscribe to Canada’s national al terna the magazineTHE LAST POST PO box 98 Station G Montreal, Quebec send name. and address with cheque or money order

by WayneSmith Chevron staff

,,..._,:.,

...... ..._ ..:.;* : . _:_ ., .

Inference

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.....

..

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k&y to correct

West dealt with north-south vulnerable. North West East South S K,10,8,2 S J,6,5 s 7,4 S A,Q,9,3 H K,J,10,6 H 7,6 H Q&2 . H A,8,5,4 D A,K,J,G D 9,5,3 D 8,7 D w0,4,2 c2 C A,10,9 C K,Q,J;8,7,5 C 6,4,3 W N E S P 1D P 1s P 3s ’ P 4D 4NT P P 5H P P 6s P P

..

play

dummy’s last spade and overtakes it in his hand. After drawing the last trump, south cashes four diamopd tricks. South is now ready to play the heart suit. He knowp the west started with the K,Q,J of clubs and two doubletons, (spades and diamonds). If west, in addition to this, also had the ace of hearts he would have bid. Therefore. by inference south knows the west does not have the ace of hearts. South, therefore, leads a small heart to the jack and makes his slam. Vi&or Mollo has written many excellent books and articles in the past. His latest book HOW good is your bridge? again exhibits his great ability at writing about the game of bridge. Each problem (150 in total) shows two hands and describes to play to same point and then the author asks specific questions about how the play should continue. All the standard problems such as squeezes, endplays, safety-plays, counting, etc. are presented in the book as well as some other interesting problems.

Opening lead-K of clubs. Although the bidding was not correct (North should have opened the bidding with one spade), south ends up in a reasonable contract of six spades. South’s main problem on this hand is how he should play the heart suit. If either defender has both the ace and the queen, it will not matter which card (the king or the jack) is played from the dummy. However, if the heart cards are divided the slam will depend on south playing the suit correctly. South should try to find out as much about the hand as he can before he plays the heart suit. He wins the ace of clubs and ruffs a club. He leads a spade back to his hand and ruffs another club. He then leads

The author guarantees in his preface that the reader will increase his knowledge as he reads the book, and I must agree with this. The book is published by Hart Publishing (New York), and sells for $4.95 (US).

g l l l

APPLICATIONS

for

for

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winter

cepted

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ONTARIO

7969 (10:35)

591 15

f


1

The struggle

canadian

for

universities

by Robin Mafhews

and James

Steele

There is some cause for concern about the number of American teachers in Canadian universities . . . . ..what was a natural and healthy influx has now become a major invasion” Claude Bissell university of Toronto admin president, quoted in the Montreal Gazette.

A novel suggestion

Professors Robin Mathews and Jams Steele have been the subject of some controversy lately for their novel suggestion c that Canadian universities should seek, * where possible, to fill positions with canadians. Their book is a compilation of the correspondence, both private and personal, on this subject together with an explanatory forward. For 1,922 1,756 3,678

Lonely

crusaders

On the other hand we have Mathew and Steele who at times seem to be lonely crusaders for Canada. They argue that the fraction of new university positions going to Canadians is falling at an alarming rate, while the number of Canadian PhD’s is rising rapidly. As for the international academic community, this figment of the Canadian im-

the two-year period up to the autumn of 1965 (52%) -faculty employed from within Canada immigrating to Canada (48%) -faculty (lOO%)--gross additional faculty employed by the autumn of 1965, net increase 3,040, plus 293 for turnover in 1964, and 345 turnover in 1965

Canadian of

Consisting, as it does, of dry academic agination is exploded when it is realized discourse and statistics, the book is of no that every other country which is at least interest as literature. It does, neverthesemi-independent has its learning instituless, make its point: the Canadian PhD is tions staffed almost entirely by nationals. having increasingly tough sledding in findThere are few germans in american uniing employment, and this is due largely versities, and vice-versa. And it is by no to the secrecy which surrounds new apmeans clear that Canada is getting the pointments. and an “old boy” network by cream of the crop, since many of the acawhich personal friends are brought into a demic jet-set are people who failed to get department. _ the chairs at home. Something of a precis of this book can be The notion of the universality of knowobtained by ignoring most, of the statistics, ledge is an obvious foolishness when appand looking at the main arguments on both lied to the social sciences and the arts: sides. It is equally, if less obviously, foolishness elsewhere. Knowledge

is universal‘?

Those who object to any form of enforced “canadianization“ say nationalism is an outmoded concept, and academics particularly should be ashamed to espouse it. Knowledge. at the university level. is universal. and not particularly connected wit.h the locality in which it is disseminated. they say. ln any event, Canadian universities are For 2,194 3,396 5,590

( it is hinted) inferior to their european and american counterparts, so that in the free academic marketplace it is only natUral to expect that Canadians will find themselves dominated by their intellectuBesides. the talented newal superiors. comers lend a cosmopolitan air to the campus. and we should be proud that they choose to come to Canada. 0~ a more practical level. homebred talent has been in very short supply. particularly in certain areas of knowledge. And the very suggestion of a quota on foreign faculty constitutes a violation of the Ontario Code of Human Rights. it is maintained. Anyway. there is no demonstrable exclusion of Canadians.

16

Why not advertise?

A ( disputable jshortage of Canadians is no excuse for failing to advertise available positions. The only people this could hurt would be those full professors and department heads anxious to enhance their clout, or repay a favor by bringing their friends to Canada. Finally, the quota and advertising suggestions are really quite mild, considering that it is a recommendation for furture

the two-year period up to the autumn of 1967 (39(‘; ) -faculty employed from within Canada (61“;a) -faculty immigrating to Canada (lOO%)-gross additional faculty employed by the autumn of 1967: net increase 4,716, plus 397 for turnover in 1966, and 477 for turnover in 1967

592 the Chevron

of

appointments only, with no implication for faculty presently at Canadian universities. Nor do they suggest that a foreign presence is not welcome: only that every department plan for a clear majority of Canadian talent, unless this is demonstrably impossible. Moderate

By 1968, this figure had dropped to 20 percent an unbelievable figure. It may be interesting to examine some of the arguments of the defenders of the present trend: Reviewing this book in the Globe and Mail weekly, John Carrol (english department chairman at the university of Toronto, of american origin) writes: “Now, ironically, as greater numbers begin to emerge from th,e long process of graduate training, the job market is in a sharp decline. ”

position

In this argument I find myself on the side of Mathews and Steele. In fact, their position is moderate, given the alarming figures. For example, in the ‘two-year period leading up to 1965, 52 percent of new faculty were employed from within Canada, already a startling figure.

PhD’s in difficulty

This is meant as an apology for the difficult straits Canadian graduate students find themselves in when they finally get that PhD, and to deflect attention from the question of aliens usurping the available positions. But how far does this comment go toward explaining that only 20 percent of these positions are going to Canadians? Or are we to assume that it is jobs For 564 2,280 2,844

But this is to get bogged down in statistics. Of more interest is the question of what the net effect of this influx has been, or is likely to be, on the Canadian scene. The best and worst

The effect on the moral climate of the university seems to be, on balance, nil. Canadian and foreign faculty alike would nearly all gladly trade a Vietnamese life for a color TV set ( “for the children”). We have had, from the United States, some of our best, and some of our worst, people. The best, many of whom found it impossible to stay in the states, bring with them a knowledge of the revolution brewing on campus, and elsewhere: they have learned about the silly, frightened, lifeless and immoral nature of bureaucracy and authority. And the worst? They bring along all that discredited mental baggage about our moving inexorably into the technological

the one-year period up to the autumn of 1968 (20%) -faculty employed from within Canada (80%) -faculty immigrating to Canada (loo%)--gross additional faculty employed by the autumn 2,287, plus 557 for turnover in 1968.

of 1968: net increase

of

0

not already \ cline? Ratio drops

sewn up which are on the de-

drastically

Indeed, our own truth-seeking and objective uniwat Gazette took a look at the matter june 4. Percentages of Canadians in our various faculties were compiled, and the results were commented on. It was found that the percentage of Canadian faculty had dropped, from 68 percent in 1964, to 57 percent in 1969. Of this drop, the Gazette says : “During this period the university has continued to employ a majority of canadian-educated faculty but has not been able to maintain the 1964 ratio.” “Not been able”-as if anyone in power were trying. Or is trying. And what a majority! The Gazette, in its tabulating, counted as a “Canadian” anyone who had done either undergraduate or graduate work in Canada. A quick look at the university calendar will show what kind of difference that makes to the statistics. Tine same respected newsletter goes on to make the point that we are still richer in Canadians that Carleton (where Matthews and Steele teach ). It might have mentioned that in compiling their figures. Mathew and Steele used as a basis for canadian origin an undergraduate degree taken in Cana&. The difference ( calling foreigners who take a graduate degree in Canada a Canadian) causes a gross distortion of the figures.

age. (I don’t think we are. We are. in fact, moving into an age of crisis. and technology is going. to prove a bust. ) These people are the ones we must thank for the importation of that american perversion of knowledge laughingly called social science. (Still, given its counterproductivity in Vietnam, it may have value. ) Old-boy

system

Similiar things might be said, especially at this university, about such things as visual aids and the computer fetish. Worst of all is that sense of knowing-it-all that comes from being a citizen of the world’s most powerful nation. It must be admitted that Canadian universities have managed to acquire some outstanding talent by importation. This said, it still remains that the vast majority of importations are probably not superior to their Canadian counterparts and it seems that if Canadian PhD’s are finding a job shortage, then every available job should be widely advertised, and a canadian selected unless someone else clearly superior can be had at the same price. Such a practise is the least that should be done, considering the exclusive nature of universities elsewhere. While the old-boy style of living will probably continue to be the practise for some time, let’s hope that Mathews and Steele have lifted the lid, and that this issue will arise more and more insistently in the future.


A married Voyeuristic,

Female

couple.. chauvinistic,

view

by Daphne

Kelgard

Chevron staff

Antoinette

Edwards - bitch?

“Ninety-six tender, touching moments” the marquee over the Waterloo theatre reads. Tender? touching ? By my estimate there was a two-minute sequence that might be regarded by the imaginative as tender or touching, but unfortunately it bore little relation to the film sequences that preceded or followed it. Alan King’s latest film is composed of 96 minutes of film, showing two pseudo-beautiful people acting out a bastardized version of Virginia Woolf in real life. What King is trying to say is not clear but perhaps he is suggesting that the state of holy bliss is bleak, confused and essentially meaningless. It is possible of course that after shooting 70 hours of film over a sixweek period that the editor could firid nothing to show in the relationship between Billy and Antoinette but exploitation, avarice and selfishness. King’s choice of people was unfortunate, as his two stars were one-dimensional, shallow human beings obviously caught up in the materialistic, dog-eat-dog world of bourg&is north America. One of the major scenes involves a quarrel between Antoinette and . Billy over whether she should be- responsible for getting him to work She accuses her husband of treating her like on time every morning. a servant and he agrees. The scene is anything but tender as there is evident1.y no understanding, compassion or communication between the couple. I I found it painful to watch this scene as Antoinette seemed to be desperately trying to tell Billy of her feelings of oppression. He countered only by telling her that everything she had in this world was given to her by him. It was a classic case of male chauvinism and economic domination. Her contribution to the welfare of the family was considered by her husband to be nothing less than his due. Even the faintly tender crying scene referred to earlier showed Billy comforting his wife as a man comforts a child. This of course is how he regarded her, as a child to be molded and shaped to his desires. She was in his estimation a rather stupid, perverse little girl that he owned and could punish at will. Her function was to be beautiful to the outside world when necessary for his success, and to be nanny, cook, harlot and tension manager in his home. From the one scene showing Billy in the outside world it appeared that he related to his superiors the way he expected his wife to relate to him, namely as a menial. Again he looked like the archetypal image of the man who has a bad day at the office and goes home to kick his dog, except that he liked his dog too much so he kicked his wife instead. Their relations with their child Bogart reflected their own relationship. The mother comforted, and the father played with the son when he was neat clean and untroublesome. They fought viciously in front of Bogart acknowledging his presence only when he needed some material thing. One scene showed them debating the pros and cons of producing another infant in front of the child. The facade of their love for the child was indicated by the callous way they treated the matter. I liked neither the film nor the,people in it. Both Billy and Antoinette are products of their rather sterile environment and neither have a sense of humour. Billy used his wits only as a weapon against his wife but Antoinette was incapable of even that. The only merit I can see in the film is that it serves as a visual comment on the male chauvinism of this society, with its concomitant destruction of the female as-a-human being. Both Allan King’s comments (and the overt exhibitionism of the stars seems to indicate that this was an unexpected and unintended by-proI duct. Or was it, after all.the film editor was a woman.

Billy Edwards i bastard?

Male view by Martin

Nova1

Chevron staff The married

couple is by no means an uninteresting film; it appealed to all voyeuristic, sadistic, masochistic, empathic interests everywhere. . The film was conceived and directed by Allan King of Warrendale fame. The method was novel; a camera was placed in the home of a married couple. Every morning a crew of film-makers would come to the house, turn on the specially installed lights and begin shooting. The final one hour and some minutes was the result of editing seventy hours of film. Most of that one hour and change was filled with squabbles which ranged from the sarcastically good-natured to the violent, physically-tossed-out-of-the-house type. What was this film? A candid peek at a typical upper-middle class marriage? For one thing this couple slept in separate beds, and had an obvious and openly admitted sexual problem. Is this the typical couple? Even if many married couples did share these traits, would this couple be typical? I can’t think of what would constitute a typical couple. Perhaps the film is a realistic study of life as it’s lived, in the raw so to speak. How in the raw is life lived in a home full of bright movie lights and two guys walking around shooting pictures? I asked the husband this question. (He made a special appearance at the theater.) He said, “We tried very hard not to be self-conscious.” It seems to me that the cat is now out of the bag. As one lives in the raw one does not try not to be self conscious; one simply is not self conscious. The lifelike facade would seem to be destroyed. What remains is a sense of wonder at how these two people, only semi-acting, could engage in such a public expose of their personal lives. The question, what was this film still remains unanswered. Perhaps this film is meant to be a work of art. Andy Warhol once said that the best films are 8mm home-movies shot by the amateur. This remark, if taken seriously, certainly leaves the field wide-open. Now I don’t pretend to know what art is but it is clear that certain elements present in many “great” films were lacking here. In this film there is no plot, merely a series of incidents connected only by the fact that they were occurring in the lives of the same two people. There was no theme underlying these incidents, in their order of occurrence or thei!meaning. But there are many films which are considered- great and have no plot. Indeed, these are the kind of films to which I am partial. A film without a plot does not attempt to portray or represent reality. The plot is abandoned so that the film can more easily abandon reality. The film wants to make its own filmic reality. Hence it abandons forms and techniques, which are not intrinsic to it. This kind of film is not interested in real life, that is pervasive enough. This non:realistic film wants to transcend reality and it is all tco clear that this isnot the intention of the Married couple. Our question is still unanswered, and it strikes me that it is not worth answering. -

Arts Societv

Math Students....

J

Have you something to say & the courage to say it?

Attention: Clubs &ZDepartmental

.

Unions

Calendar

‘70 Needs

Your

Support

There will be a budget meeting on Monday, December

1st. We

PLACE: TIME:

SW 330 3:OO P.M.

need

volunteers

Math

Co-op

people

to

-if

and write

youi-e

to

distribute

Math

Fall

critiques

on

interested,

and

Half-term Profs

leave

collect

questionnaires

courses. and

your

We

are

to

also

looking

Sot.

office

all for

courses.

name

at

the

Math

DINING, &SING

BLUE MOO HOTEL

M&C

PETERSBURG

3036.

friday

DANCING ALONG

28 november

1969 (lo:351

593

I /


FOR FURTHER

IN

1o:ooA.M.TO'1om

Chr;st in the

P.M.

2ND WEEK I:50-4:30 -7:lO -9:45 Last complete

show at 9:20 p.m.

concrete

NAVISION”

of the bloodiesf murder ever committe

COLOR BY DELUXE

Box-off ice opens 6:30 2 complete shows 7 & 9 p.m. Feature times 7:25 & 9:25 Matinee Saturday and Sunday at 2 p.m.

d

Adrian Clark’s cross tends to tilt a little these days but the Chevron will fix that wh,en they find a few nails and a hammer.

The

Christ in the concrete city is not a religious play but a re-enactment of the bloodiest murder ever committed. . It will be performed by the Intervarsity Christian fellowship group tuesday in the arts theater _ at 12.15pm. According to Harry Klassen, field supervisor for the group in this area, the play is an attempt to show the significance of the crucifixion to modern man. Basically it is the passion story. The players show what happened historically and then bring out the universal significance of the crucifixion

language

‘ositively no-one will be eated after the feature starts

CONTINUOUS from I:30 p.m. I:30 - 3:30 - 5:35 - 7:45 - IO:00 NOTE -will not be shown this Saturday afternoon

‘Yh3 Minnelli kas giver a performance which is so funny, 50 moving, zx

3 wacky undergraduates in a one woman romping romance that ranks with “Goodbye Cplum bus” and “The Graduate’!

gwfectly

crafted ant that it shautc win her art Acadetn~ Award but probabl] wm’t, because Oscar i: arehais anei Lisa 11 rearlid

contemporary!” --fhaman Thmpaan L/P+5 MACMINI

Records .

for all of mankind. The‘ personal application to individuals in today’s industrial society is also shown. It has been called a chancel play; no props and no costumes are required. The group has done the play about 12 times in the last few months in churches and high schools in the K-W area. Only one act and 45 minutes long, it fits well into church services. The players are: Lynn Ma.xwell, Lyndara Prideaux, Douglas Shantz, Philip Bast, Richard Wright and Steven Petch.

by Douglas

AREA CODE 615 Polydor 543.085 All the Dylan fanatics will be familiar with some of the names on this record-Ken Buttery, Charlie McCoy, Wayne Moss. All the great Nashville studio musicians that have backed up everybody from Dylan to the Beau Brummels got together and put out their own album. When you buy it you expect to hear them do some great country songs and, other songs done up in that fantastic hokey country style. By the second cut however it suddenly hits you, hey there’s no singing. So you look at the credits and there is no mention of a vocalist for any of the numbers, so it’s an instrumental album. wow, who’s had the gall to do that lately? You listen to all the songs. There’s the Beatle’s Hey, jude done with banjo, steel guitar and fiddle and there’s Ottis Redding’s /‘we been /owing you too long done with fiddle and harp. Really country and cool. So you listen to the whole album through and say,

Fisher

Chevron staff

hey I didn’t know country music could be that good. The realization comes after the second time through that it is not country music at all. But what is it? Well it seems to be just good old rock and blues played with country music instruments (fiddle, steel guitar, banjo). When you do realize what it is you begin to appreciate just how great it is. Side one has two original songs Southern comfort and Nashville 9- N.Y. I, the latter being almost a straight blues cut. The Beatle’s Lady madonna done with a banjo and harp lead is really something else. Side two contains perhaps the only country song on the album, Why ask why a slow flowing number that grows on you after a while, like Dylan’s /‘// be your baby tonight did. The only poor cut on the album is Classical gas. They didn’t change the background at all from the original Mason William’s song, but they changed the lead from acoustic guitar to banjo. The side ends off with the master’s Just like a woman. A fantastic ending for a great album.

CONTINUOUS EVENINGS from 7 p.m. Matinees Saturday and Sunday from 2 p.m.

D

in the tmdition

of “ALFIE”

and WORGAN”~

17CzeMcKenna mendelson mainline, a Canadian blues group making it big these days will be playing at uniwat this weekend in the red dining hall of student village.

18 594

the Chevron


my Essa Faraj

T

1IE MI JSLI M EY~PIJI,ATION of the world in 1967 stands at 616,336,000, concentrated nlainly in Asia. There are 155,378,OOO in Africa, 443,:i39.000 in Asia, out of which 927,000 in Vietnam, 10.000 in Hong Kong, 47,000 in Japan, 60,000,OOO in t’hina. 47,000,OOO in India, 84,671,OOO in Pakistan, 39,OOO.OOOin the USSR and 28,260,OOO in Turkey. In Europe there are 16,433,0!0 muslims. There are l,lOO,OOO in America and Australia. In Canada, currently, about 25,000. Cities like Montreal, Ottawa, Toronto, Hamilton, and London have a substantial number of muslim residents. In the twin cities, it is estimated that there are about twenty families, not counting the students. About 40 muslim students attend this university. One of the five pillars of Islam is fasting. On the 12th instance, it was the 1st day of th,e holy month ramadham 1389 A:H., the month of fast. “Ramadhan is the month wherein the koran was revealed for the guidance of mankind and to serve as the criterion of right and wrong. Whosoever of you is present in the month shall fast it, and whosoever is sick or on a journey shall fast an equal number of days later on. “Allah desires ease for you and does not want to subject you to hardship so that you could complete the prescribed period of fast and that you may glorify Allah for having guided you, that perchance ye shall be grateful-“-Al koran. Before reaching its present state, the muslim fast Muswent through certain stages of development. lims arriving in Medina fasted three days in every month in addition to the day of ashoura. The latter was a day to commemorate the deliverance by Allah of Moses and his people. Mohammed adopted it from the jews as a fast day. The fast of ramadhan was prescribed in the second year of the hijra, and the other days of fasting were abolished. has The Prophet said, “The fast of ramadhan abolished every other fast.” As regards the particular day of ashoura, he later said, “whosoever wishes may fast upon it, and whoever wishes may drop it.” The second stage began when Allah ordained the The words used were, “Fasting fast of ramadhan. is prescribed to you that ye may learn self restraint. Fast for a fixed number of days, and whosoever of you is sick or on a journey shall fast an equal number of days later on. Those who can afford to fast but do not shall have to redeem themselves by But- whosoever does good of feeding a poor. person. his own accord it is better for him, and that you fast is better for you if you did but know.” From these verses it is seen that a man who is sick or travelling is permitted by Allah to miss fasting during ramadhan, but the days lost must be made up at a later date. The third stage of development deals with the times of abstinence and indulgence, during the night When a man has said his last and during the day. night prayers, he was supposed to abstain from If a man slept, he should food, drink, and women. abstain when he woke. In certain circumstances these conditions might be hard, and they were relaxed by Allah’s revelation to the Prophet in the verse, “It is lawful for you on the night of the fast to go unto your wives; they are Allah your garment and you are their garment. knows that you defraud yourselves therein, so he turns towards you and forgives you. So go in unto them and seek what Allah has ordained for you, and eat and drink until the white thread of dawn becomes distinct from the black thread; then observe the fast until nightfall.” N THE EYES of Allah fasting is a grace above all other acts of piety and worship. He honors the man who undergoes the self-discipline of fasting. As regards ramadhan, the Prophet is said to have proclaimed that a glorious and blessed Allah ordained you fast during it. month has come. During this month the portals of paradise are opened, the gates of hell are closed. and the devils are chained.

I

In this month there is one night which is worth more than one thousand nights, and the Prophet “Whoever breaks the fast even utters a warning, for one day in ramadhan without any legitimate reason cannot compensate for it by a period of fasting at another time during the year. ” The one night is the night of power, it was the night that the holy koran was revealed. All physically and mentally able Muslims must fast, but women in menstruation or child-birth bleeding and persons sick or on a journey are excused. The beginning of ramadhan becomes official when the new moon is seen. Its end is officially fixed when the new moon of the next month is seen. This is fixed by the words of the Prophet, “Fast when ye The seeing of the new moon see the new moon.” becomes official by testimony of one upright muslim. Equally the end of the fast depends upon the testimony of an upright muslim, but the testimony of more than one upright muslim is preferable. If it is impossible to see the new moon on account of bad weather? then the duration should be a full thirty days. However, man’s knowledge of astronomy has made such advances and is so very accurate that astronomers can calculate the hour, minute and second cf the appearance and disappearance of the moon in every country of the world for every day of the lunar year. For the fast of ramadhan to be valid there must be the intention-an art of the heart, not necessarily This is considered uttered by the mouth, to fast. very important . There is an expression of “doubtful days” which implies that it is a muslim’s custom to look for the crescent moon on the evening of the month sha’ban. Should it not appear, the following day is a doubtful day, and so it is neither the end of sha’ban nor the Differing opinions were beginning of ramadhan. held as to the fast on such days, but it was generally conceded that a man may fast a doubtful day should such a day fall within the number of days which a man was actually fasting. HERE ARE CERTAIN things from which a man who fasts must abstain. He must abstain from food, drink and sexual intercourse It is only during the night from dawn until sunset. that he may satisfy his needs as regards these things. With regards to obscenity in general, the Prophet said, “While fasting you shall not indulge in obscene speech or boisterous talk. If someone insults you or quarrels with you, tell him that I am one who fast.” Falsehood in speech or action were forbidden, and those who do not abstain from falsehood in words or deeds, “Allah has no need for their abstinence from their food or drink.” As regards to slander, the Prophet said on seeing two women who, while fasting were gossiping, “these two women abstained from what Allah had ordered them to do, and indulged in what Allah had forbidden them to do. ” The Prophet also mentioned that there are five things which spoil ‘a man’s fast-lying, slander, calumny, the false oath, and the lustful look. Although what’ been said above is generally accepted, it is important to state that there is a small group of muslims who do not agree with it. Generally speaking man has always failed to adhere to a certain set of rules, however, if failure occurred, forgiveness must be sought in the case of deliberate eating or drinking; in the case of sexual intercourse another day’s fasting must be made, and also kaffarah. The latter, which means atonement, involves the setting free of a slave, or the feeding of sixty poor people. If a man can do neither of these two things, then he must fast two consecutive months.

T

It is clear that kaffarah is the ideal atonement, but even the Prophet was not absolutely rigid in its In a certain case where the offender enforcement. was not able to fast <he two consecutive months, the Prophet forgave him without penalty. Fasting is also spoiled by deliberate vomiting. and the penalty is an extra day’s fast. Certain things do not spoil the fast; for instance, the cupping of blood from involuntary vomiting, the head, sexual dreams which are involuntary. Even unintentional eating or drinking need not of necessity harm a man’s fast. These are the words of the Prophet: “Allah forgive my people for acts committed by mistake. or out of absentmindedness, and acts performed under A man who fasts and who absentmindcompulsion. edly eats or drinks shall continue his fast.” to If the heat is great, a man is not forbidden rinse his mouth or to bathe in order to reduce the effect of the heat; nor is the fast spoilt if a man gets up in the morning in a state of ritual uncleanliness. Kohl, which the Prophet is reported to have used while fasting in ramadhan, does not spoil the fast. This rule applies to eye drops or nose drops even if It also covers snuff, road they reach the throat. muscular or subcutaneous indust, intravenous, jechions. Enemas also come under this heading and the smelling of strange scents, tasting food-provided that nothing which could be considered as food or drink reaches the stomach. HERE ARE CERTAIN rules to be observed during the ramadhan fast for women who are bleeding during menstruation or childbirth. If before or at the commencement of ramadhan a woman is in either of these conditions, she shall not fast, she must wait until the bleeding ceases and she then take a ritual bath. If the bleeding occurs then she shall break the fast. during ramadhan, If a woman has to wash after the bleeding ceases and she cannot find any water, she can perform. the ritual purification with sand. If the bleeding stops during the night, she can postpone taking a bath until dawn, but if she deliberately postpones the bath until sunrise, her fast shall not be valid. A woman in these circumstancei shall fast a number of days equal to those she missed because of bleeding. Also if a woman is pregnant or nursing. she is in the same position as a traveller i this refer: to the days when people travelled on animals 01: foot), a woman is free to choose between breaking the fast or keeping it. For instance, a woman ma3 wish to break the fast if she fears injury to hersell or to her infant, but any days lost should be madt up later. The verse, “On no soul does Allah place a burder greater than it can bear.” supports the opinion that an old person is free to break the fast, if in Some ulamas (scholars) consider that if ar firm. old man breaks the fast he must observe fidyahthe feeding of a poor man each day he breaks the fast. There are other regulations and recommenda It is advised that one takes a meal duriq tions. the night. It is suggested that one meal is to be take as early as possible and another meal as late a The time for the meal, called sahur ex possible. Lf prayers are announced and ( tends until dawn. man still has a cup or glass of water in his hand, h may finish it. This is one of the many example of tolerance which one finds in Islam. durin Continuing is a word used for fasting the night. The Prophet forbids it. He said, “Let n He repeated this three time one continue the fast.” When confronted with the observation that k himself continued the fast, his answer was tha’ My lord feeds me and quenchc “you are not like me. Do only the things you are capable ( my thirst. doing.” INALLY, DURING the month ramadha muslims in general lead a much happi life. There seems to be a spirit born in t1 atmosphere-everybody is rather relaxed and wi ing to give a helping hand, of course without the i tention of gain or favor. In places which are predominantly muslim po] ulation, the nights become days and vice vers; restaurants, cafes and the like remain open unt dawn. But at the same time. in countries like Saudi A abia, Bahrain, Qatar and the seven Trucial State non-muslims are advised not to eat, drink, or smo] in public. If a local person is caught drinking, e; ing, or smoking during the day, he is jailed. AS to the period of being in jail, it varies from 01 country to another. Sometimes one is put behind ba for the duration of ramadhan and one is forced fast while in jail.

T

F

friday

28 no vemkr

1969 ( 10:35)

595


Pror>anancfu Tape

by Dmyck

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125

Union

YOU while you sleep

FELLOW CANADIANS! Canada b a country

,&hat has been moulded into a sanctuary of liberty and ,by d those peoples aad races of the world for whom freedom was the highest good in life. As such .t& country h an obligation towards those nations that made Canada. Canada’s inbtere& aIre in direct relation with their interest. Our SecuTity and fTeedom im the ilong rum depend on #tie security a!nd freedom of our kin back in their homelam&, be it Great Britain, France, or Ukraine, etc. As Canadians lit irs our duty to actively preserve freedom and democracy in Canada and in $he Free World by working towards the restitrution of freedom a,nd democracy in the countries which are oppressed by Soviet Russian imperialism and all brands of Communism. The Captive Nations summqrn us Canadians - regardless of wur &gin, race, or creed - TO ACKNOWLEDGE that over twenty-six nations, and ,millions of human beings, are subjugated by Soviet-Russian imperialism and colonialism; That while hundreds of millions of Asians and Africans have been granted na$ional independence by the former Western empires, Communist Russia has extended its r,uthless rule over many natibns since 1917. The largest of these being Ukraine, whose people becamle nation-,builders in Canada; that Ukraine was the first nation to fall to Com’munist Russian imlperialism, as Czecho-Slovakia was its latest victim in 1968; that Ukrainian national leaders are being assassinated *by Ru.ssi,an agents even on foreign soil. The latest victim being Ste,pan Bandera - lea,der of the IJkralinian Liiberation Movement - whose murder in Munich, West Germany, Octaber 1959, was expressly ordered *by A. Shelepin, chief of KGB at that ti,mc ,and aspproved by tie Soviet Russian government; that political ,murder is one of the wealpons of Kremlin policy ma’kers for the last fifty years; that humdreds of thousands of innocent people are rotting in Russian prisons and concentra%ion camps. that in recen’t years Moscow intensified again national, religious, and cultural persecution, speciatlly in mm-Russian lands. The arrest and murder of Archbishop V. Velychkowgky of the Ukrainian Catholic Church; the persecution of Umkrainiaa Catholics, Orthodox, a,nd Protestants; the burnings of the Church of St, George in Kiev, of #the library of the Ukrainian Academy of Science, of a synagogue in the Ukrainian port of Odessa! all bear witness to the unceasing violence within the modern Russian empire; that &he destruction at Sir George Willialm University, the current tdisruption of North Americam campuses - whidh hats not&ng to do with genuine need of reform - the glorification. in our midst of mass-murderers such as Lenim, Stalin, prwperi.ty

Units

St. E. Waterloo Saturdays 9am-6pm

Weekdays IQam-IOpm

works against

Communism

ut home

the five-sided building in Washington. The most doctrinare, distorted, and disgusting information which people behind the communist “curtains” receive m& be Radio Free Europe and the Voice of America. The following poster was found on a bulletin board in the chemistry building. The reply could easily have been prepared by the same ghost writer.

It is a foolish pastime for Canadians to sit and wag fingers at the iron-curtain countries in general and at Soviet Russia in particular for enslaving neighboring countries when the biggest aggressor of all time resides about 100 miles south of Waterloo. The kremlin is only the understudy of the men with pointed heads and fat pocketbooks who live i!!

With

8 Track,

beains

Enith

Trotsky,

Mao, and others, are clear exaamiples of communislt-bol&&~k

ta&es -

deceit and sufbversion - which concerns YOU! The Captive Nations summon YOU to condemn all these anti-Canadian, anti-human, and an’ti-democratic actions which you have just acknowledged; to preserve your national and spiritual values, and your democratic way of life, against the intensive onslau& of the hammer and the sickle! to act on behalf of a stronger Canaeda by supporting the struggle for freedom, independence, and peace with justice, of the enslaved millions behind the Iron 2nd Bamboo curtains; .

Remember that mE

CAPTIVE NATIONS ARE THE FIRST FOR CANADA and the FREE WORLD!

LINE

OF DEFENSE

Canadian Leagtle for the Liberation

Imperialism

TRADITIONAL to the bone

That’s us, we admit. And this is the bone we had in mind. Superior woollen herringbone, crafted with rare care into a traditional vested suit for the festive season. Make your tradition,

it

too.

RUSS KLUPP LTD. flUOIlS

- HA3ERbHSHEIIS

LADIES SfORTSWEKR

WATERLOO SQaARE

works

against

YOU

while

596 the Chevron

s

Canada is a country which h’as tried to mold the ideals of democracy and personal freedom into its government. As such this country has an obligation to other humqn beings. . As Canadians it is our duty to actively preserve freedom and democracy in Canada and in the entire world by working towards the’restitution of freedom and democracy in the countries which are oppressed by american capitalism and all brands of imperialism. The captive EDGE

nations

summon

us Canadians-regardless

of our origin,

race or creed-TO

ACKNOWL-

that at least 10 nations and millions of human beings are subjugated by american imperialism and colonialism. that within the last 100 years America has actively supported her own troops, with the express purpose of ousting an established government, in the following countries: Republic of Congo, Cuba, China (mainland), Bolivia, Dominican Republic, Formosa, Phillipines, Panama, Laos, Korea, Russia, Vietnam and others. that while hundreds of millions of asians and africans have been granted national independence by former western empires, America has extended its ruthless rule, both economic and military, over many other nations since 1776. The first and largest of these being land belonging to the indian people of southern North America and the latest south Vietnam. that many national leaders are being assassinated by american agents, even on foreign soil. The latest victim being Che Guevara-leader of most anti-american warfare in South America-whose murder was expressly ordered by the unknown head of CIA at that time and approved by the american government. that political murder is one of the weapons of pentagqn policy-makers for the last 100 years. that hundreds of thousands of innocent civilian people in Japan were the victims of a most horrible death from an american atomic bomb. that in recent years Washington intensified again religious and cultural persecution. The arrest and murder of Vietnamese nationals by the green berets, the persecution of the black muslims and the black panthers, the suppression of political agitation as evidenced in Chicago, and the continued harassment of american communists, socialists and pacifists all bear witness to the unceasing violence within the modern american empire. that the suppression of political parades in Montreal, the vicepresident of the United States attacking freedom of the press, the continuation of the Vietnamese conflict, and the current disruption of north american, south american, japanese, european and african campuses-which is indicative of the genuine need of reform-the glorification in our midst of mass-murderers such as Johnson, Nixon and’others, are clear examples of american-imperialist tactics-deceit and subversion-which concerns YOU. The captive

nations

summon

YOU

to condemn

all these anti-Canadian, anti-human, and anti-democratic actions which-you have just ackno wledged ; to preserve your national and spiritual values, and your democratic way of life, against the intensive onslaught of Wall street and the american industrial-military complex. to act on behalf of a stronger Canada by supporting the struggle for freedom, independence. and peace with justice, of the enslaved millions of the so called Freeworld. Remember that AMERICA’S MOST SUBMERSIVE, DANGEROUS, AND SUBTLE TACTIC IS ECONOMIC CONTROL OF A FREE COUNTRY’S RESOURCES. CANADA IS RAPIDLY BECOMING ONE OF THE CAPTIVE NATIONS OF THE FREE WORLD. Canadian

20

you

of Ukraine

league for the liberation

of Canada


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Address

letters to Feedback, The Chevron, U of W. Be The Chevron reserves the right to shqrten letThose typed (double-spaced) get priority. Sign it - name, cowe, year, telephone. For legal reasons unsigned letters cannot be published. A pseudonym will be printed if you have a good reason.

OPEN NOW

‘Uhuru Bookstore ( Freedom) Waterloo

.Contributions assist with

invited to legal defence

Mr. Cyril Levitt, a member of the university community, has been charged with theft and possession of a letter taken from president Petch’s office. Since Mr. Levitt’s case is now before the courts, we do not wish to comment on the case or to prejudge its outcome. We do wish, however, to assure Mr. Levitt of the best legal defense - possible., It is ‘for this reason that we have established “the Cyril Levitt legal defense fund.” ’ We invite financial contributions to the fund. Cheques should be made payable to “the Cyril Levitt legal defense fund,” and should be forwarded to Dr. R.D. Lambert, SSc206. RON LAMBERT sociology prof LESLIE ARMOUR philosophy prof LARRY PALMER

. president,

CAESAR history 4

PATTERSON history prof

TOM PATTERSON federation of students

Louis not paying attention, else he would have heard

This letter is written in answer to Mr. Silcox’s charges stated in his letter in last friday’s Chevron . If Mr. Silcox would sit up and listen in council meetings he would have heard my questions many months ago as to whether many aspects of the federation However, were ‘shady’ or not. I was assured by Mr. P. Yates (federation manager) and the executive at ihe time, that all the books are open to scrutiny by any member of the federation and nothing whatsoever is ‘shady’ with regard to the federation’s finances or operations. I thank Mr. Silcox for enabling me to clear up any misconceptions he may have with respect to my political stand on that point. I also thank him for his heated comments, even with their slight .on my intelligence, clearing up the reasons for the lack of restrictions on attendance at federation-sponsored events on campus. However, since the students are supporting any losses incurred by these events, I believe that tickets for these events should be available to the students at a I applaud those reduced rate. hard-working individuals who enable these productions to be the successes they are. As for the charges of red-bait; ing for grad support for a futile attempt at withdrawal, Mr. Silcox, how could you? I have not called anyone a communist; a radical maybe, but not a communist. It might help if Mr. Silcox attended meetings to get the facts before throwing allegations right and left. Mr. Silcox admits his ignorance and shows his irresponsibility in making his charges of red-baiting when they do not apply! I opposed grad withdrawal at the grad council meeting and I However, still hold this stand. after the federation executive’s apparent disinterest and lack of

concern for the grad plight and after the november 24 meeting of the federation council I begin to wonder if the federation executive wishes to fragmentize the campus society and ultimately abolish the federation. This is a real problem and it could lead to a political crisis on campus in the near future. In the future, Mr. Silcox, I suggest that you get the facts, not second hand ideas and rumars, before making allegations. Louis, substantiate your charges! That is not shady, it makes good sense! DAVID GORDON grad rep, student council camp-sci rep, grad union Better Santa

watch out, ‘cause C/CWS is a nurc

Attention : all radical, commie pervertsYou better watch out You better not cry You better not pout I’m telling you whySanta Claus is coming to town.

And so to you, sir, perch on that and rotate! PAUL WHISTLECRAFT environmental studies Chevron reinforced there are people

Books and Magazines Square - Waterloo Ont. - 578-2410

Owned and Operated

by George & Judith Abwunza

!&@

GSM; who cafe

grand opening L

It was with much regret that I read the Chevron editorial, “alienation.. . 1,2,3” (18 novemher).

with

“Vietnam will You stated, become an important never issue on Canadian , campuses, even if the war continues for another five years.”

band & go-go girl sat. nov. 29

It is just this type of resolution which reinforces the great silent majority’s complacent attitude towards the war in Vietnam. The Chevron, by display of such a defeatist attitude, is in fact as guilty as the GSM. You asked, “What good will it do for a uniwat student to walk around the ringroad with a flashlight when there are three essays or problem sets due tuesday, and four mid-terms coming up? ”

.

He’s making a list Checking it twice Gonna find out Who’s naughty or nice. Santa Claus is coming to town

Well, Chevron, there are people on this campus who care about Vietnam. Delinquent editorials of this nature are about as constructive towards the cause of peace as a rude noise in a windHe knows if you are sleeping storm. He knows if you’re awake To criticise is one thing, but He knows if you’ve been bad or good to belittle students for at least So be good for goodness sake getting off their butts and showing in some way concern, is Oh, insular. Implying that the You better watch out searing of human flesh from the You better not cry bone (by napalm) while a heart You better not pout still beats and a mind still feels I’m telling you whyand sees is nothing next to viewSanta Claus is coming to town. is unforROSS BELL ing “the wild bunch” givable. intermittent studies My intestines seeth when I The planning department think of every load of refrigerated has a rotten sence of humor aluminum boxes leaving Vietnam, Would you believe Santa Claus air freight. came a month early. ..? Would god damn the united states. you believe the great pumpkin DOUG BUDDEN came a month late.. .? environmental studies I don’t care who it was, Martha; that joker had a hell of a lot of A pretty campus is more nerve leaving those phony parkimportant than human ing tickets on some of the cars Several days ago, in a state of in C lot on november 13. (Surely severe depression, I visited the they must be phony, because A stucampus center raproom. even the kampus kops wouldn’t dent volunteer-whose name I impose an additional hardship do not know-spent over three on the already-oppressed shtoodhours convincing me that, conents.. .surely? ) trary to how I felt at that moAt first, I must confess, I failed ment, life was worth living. to see the humor in the situation, but then, after careful conFor the first time since I arrived sideration (for I, too, am consideon this campus I felt there rate when it comes to the parking really are people who care. situation at Waterloo), I conI have since learned that the cluded that it must have been raproom, as well as hi-line which a joke. is also staffed with student volunBut, as I laughed my way teers’ finds it necessary to beg home, it hit me like a bad brew! for financial assistance from the It was a superior capitalist plotadministration of this university. nothing quite so well thoughtIt is difficult to comprehend out as this since the great train that an administration, which robbery. squanders thousands of dollars on Here’s the basics: self-interest-serving staff 7 to say Issue more decals for lot C nothing of the funds wasted in than available parking spaces, building and -landscaping, cares and when the students have beso little about human beings. come lured (forced) into parking at the side of the road around Do those who run this instituthe lot, hit them with as many tion want only the people they parking tickets as possible with consider normal to survive? some pre-fabricated phony exWhat price do you place on a cuse as a violation charge. life, Dr. Petch? How much do It seems so simple. now, but you think it is worth in dollars to the man who first proposed the save just one student from complan surely deserves no less than mitting suicide? laugh-in’s “flying fickle finger of MARLENE fate” award. psych 2

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HE LATEST REPORT from professor Richard Judy’s institute for the quantitative analysis of social and economic policy comes as no surprise. The report is a revamped version of the educational opportunity bank-a scheme whereby private investors, instead of taxpayers, would invest in the financing of higher education. The financing of higher education has been a political thorn in the side of the Ontario Government for quite a few years. As our advanced technology demanded and more more ‘trained manpower, skilled research, the economy demanded more universities with greater enrolments and larger facilities. As university construction boomed, education ate up a continually greater section of the tax-dollar. But the factory-system of education allows the students to ask fewer questions. He is processed to reproduce. his own labor-power. As students started to ask questions about their role in the university, and the university’s role in society, something happened called the student movement. Rebellious students started making themselves visible. Demonstrations. Sit-ins. Non-negotiable demands on the power-structure. That’s embarrassing to a government: while the tax-paying electorate watches it pour a fortune into universities, students reject the “gift.” “If those damn students don’t appreiate the taxpayers’ generosity, we’ll siop paying for their education,” the public starts murmuring against government. At the same time, the price-wage spiral of inflation demands that the government stop spending in certain areas. The government is forced to make cuts in areas that won’t affect the corporate economy. Grants to universities are cut slightly but still comprise

22 598

the Chevron

30 percent of the provincial budget. Student aid makes up only one percent. A majority of taxpayers are paying for the education of the upper-middle class. And the miniscule aid program offers no help. Somehow the government must respond to that public pressure and that financial squeeze without slowing down the university business. That would slow down the economy and bite into the corporations that receive direct economic benefit from the universities. FACT: Higher education is an industry which is becoming more and more geared to a corporate economy, a market economy. FACT: The capital outlay that finances the industry is not an integral part of the market economy. FACT: Only a very small part of’ the initial cost of education is privately financed: tuition fees which the student pays through summer earnings. Corporations make profit from- that sector. FACT: The Ontario government asked employers to INVEST IN A STUDENT THIS SUMMER. But there weren’t enough jobs. It didn’t work. IDEA : Why not shift all of the financing of higher education over to the private sector so that corporations may invest directly in students? Human capital is the best investment: as the student progresses through university he -multiplies his future labor power for the corporate economy. And when he leaves university, he repays

the loan plus interest. As his labor power creates profits for the capitalist, his income becomes coupons for the capitalist’s clipping-file. The U of T study, prepared by professors David Stager and Gail Cook, provides the government with the technical vehicle to “re-allocate” financing more efficiently. It’s not co-incidental that the Ford . foundation-one of the greatest owners of _multi-national capital-helped finance ,the report. The original proposal for an incomerelated loan plan came from Milton Friedman 15 years ago. He was Barry Goldwater’s economist. Friedman said, “There is clearly here an imperfection in the (capital market that has led to under-investment in human capital.. . ” Economists realized that education could be a key area for investment in human capital. Ironically, the institute’s report itself describes the development of the same economic motives that the Ontario government responded to in commissioning the report: The 1960s have brought what one prominent economist has called the ‘human investment’ revolution in economic thought. I The emphasis has shifted from public support of the consumption aspects of college education (‘they were the best four years of my life’) to an emphasis on the investment aspect, the

This article, by university of Toronto Varsity (CUP) editor Brian Johnson, analyses the recent report of two lJ of T profs on converting public university financing assistance to a private investment system. Under the proposal, the Ontario government would set up an investment agency to issue bonds to private investors and students would take out loans from this agency. Students would repay the loans with compound interest by paying the agency a fixed proportion of their incom-e. If the plan is accepted in Ontario, it will mean the student will pay the entire cost of his education -not If accepted in just the quarter or less his tuition covers no W. Ontario, other provinces are likely to adopt the plan.

formation of human capital and the high rates of return to this investment, both for society and the individual.

The institute’s report is typical “value-free” technical research that fills out the government’s intentions and assumptions. The entrepreneurs of research are supplying the foundation for the new multiversity of entrepreneurs. And the report itself does not answer the basic problems of access to higher education : l A loan system would put too much financial pressure on the lower class student who could not risk the loan. The class nature of enrolment would not be broken down: it would be strengthened. @ Education would meet the needs of the community even less than it does today; the community would lose even their nominal control of education ; education would appear to benefit only the individuals attending and would actually benefit the corporations; l The plan does not deal with the basic class barriers to education which are contingent on an unequal income and taxation scale and environmental inequalities ; l The report ignores the conclusions of the earlier report (aid and access) prepared by students in the same institute-that any new aid program must consist of grants, not loans, and that the taxation structure must be totally revamped ; l The loan scheme would just mystify the real problems of unemployment and inflation by taking students off the summer labour market: l The scheme also assumes that most married women will stay off the labor market. The name of the game is exploitation. If the department of university affairs implements the institute’s report, education will cease to be any kind of publiclyowned resource. It will become a privately owned commodity. And you’ll be for sale. .


The dissolution of the monasteries--an allegory of the ‘modern universitv

“ DUE TO SOME RECENT, SPECTACUlAR, BREAKTHROUGHS, IN c&JR c&h’%

flESEARCH,WE,HERE-AT

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THE PF?OVJNGGROUNDby David

Martin

FOR MANY YEARS after the technocrats built the great city the monks and the technocrats lived in peace. Indeed the monks hardly ever came into the city (except to visit their wine merchants) and preferred to live quietly in their stately houses. These were in green pleasant places, often close by the banks of a stream. Almost everybody felt kindly towards the good old monks. They were occasionally quaint and precise about somewhat minor matters but otherwise did no man any harm. In any case they were greatly admired for their ability as cultivators. Their level of cultivation was very high. It was widely held that three years spent in the monasteries provided an excellent breathing time before the real business of life should begin. Young people would lie by the streams, join in the rites, speak about spiritual things with the monks, and every now and then engage in a little cultivation. THE MONKS WERE careful scholars and in accordance with an ancient vow of intellectual chastity ,bent all their energy to make their studies pure. In the study of numbers, for example, they achieved extraordinary heights of purity. Anything which was applied smacked of the great city and contravened the ancient vow. All the same many were still not content with the standards of purity and entered more ascetic orders devoted to pursuits which were not only useless but which could obviously be recognized as such. Meanwhile, in the great city there was a great need for knowledge and many people prepared and ready to seek it. The technocrats believed that knowledge was to be sought after in monasteries and asked the good monks to build new foundations, to allow into their midst many youths who had spent all their lives in the great city. These had maybe never even seen the long black robe of a monk, much less witnessed the performance of the ancient rites. Nevertheless, such youths prepared themselves by continuous spiritual exercises rising gradually from levels to degrees, happy in the promise that when they had spent their time with the monks they would become great men in the city. As for the monks they were full of sad foreboding, but they began to raise the new foundations, just as the technocrats had commanded them. SO THE YOUNG men and women from the great city sat at the feet of the monks and learnt many things, but most of all they learnt how to live in a monastery. Many indeed so loved the cloistered calm of their mentors that they wished never to leave it. Others stayed awhile and on their return to the great city set up lay brotherhoods to cultivate themselves, just as did the good old monks. Yet others returned to the world only to find that the technocrats had deceived them and that they were not to be great men in the city but minor officials in distant provinces. And the more it became noised abroad that the technocrats were deceivers in this important matter, the more youths there were who wished never to leave the life of the cloister. So the monasteries flowing, the ancient

became full to overrites were disrupt-

PREPARED ANNOUNCE YOYHE AMERICANPEOPLE,WtTH

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ed and in many places ceased almost to be practised. The monks were blamed for serving the technocrats who had so deceived them; the technocrats were blamed for disturbing the hallowed ways of the ancient rule. SO IT WAS that when the technocrats heard of all these things they began to build new houses, no longer in secluded valleys but in the great city-itself. In these houses appeared orders of friars (social scientists) whose business it was to think on the ways of the great city and on the ancient knowledge of the monks, so that both*should be brought together in harmony. They took no vows of purity and so were feared and despised by the monks. Hecause most of them lived in the city many were not experts in cultivation. On this account they could not be allowed in the more magnificent of the old monasteries. Instead, they brooded on the great city, on the foolish cultivation of the monks and on the deceptions of the technocrats. And the youths who came to them brooded likewise. Many were the things the friars preached about in the great city, but the technocrats did not hear them. So the time came when the youths who sat listening in the great preaching houses said to the friars: to preach is not enough, more is required of you No-one here has taken the ancient VOWS and it is now time to turn knowledge into activity. How can he who has never himself acted truly know? THE FRIARS THEMSELVES were divided. There were those who respected cultivation and did not hxte the ancient vow even though they had never taken it themselves. Others left the preaching houses in anger and proclaimed the dawn of a new time as spoken of in the work of the old Abbott Herbert Marcuse: when the monasteries should be dissolved, the great city destroyed and all belong to the brotherhood. Such men gave themselves over to wild courses, singing bawdy songs, writing in a most scurrilous ,fashion and rushing about like so many sturdy beggars from place to place. Seeing that vagrants did so greatly increase, and that the friars could barely control the perversity of the multitude the technocrats thought how they might bring all these things to an end. A few sturdy beggars were held in surety, but at this their fury only increased. Friars who had spent early years in the monasteries were charged with the oversight of the preaching houses, but to no effect. * NEW HOUSES WERE established where nothing was to be taught but how youths should prepare themselves for the life of a minor official in the provinces. And the technocrats spoke with the friars how they might mend their preaching, no longer ranging in wild debate and heady talk, but attending only to one matter at a time and most soberly ascertaining the facts. Some were even cajoled into imitating the technocrats by converting seminars into laboratories and exchanging black robes for white coats. All was to no avail, and the vagrants only became the more tumultuous.. . -David Martin is a sociology lecturer at the London school of economics. Reprinted from the Carillon(C UP).

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Waffle ‘for starving kids The purpose {of the Peace! Biafra ” teach-in) is to create an awareness of the cruel situation existing in NigeriaBiafra; over two million people have died as a result of the war, most/y from starvation. The aim of those arranging the, teach-in is not to take sides but to help lift the burden of war from innocent children. It is hoped that there will be support for a petition to the Canadian government, urging them to use their good offices in an attempt to bring about a cease-fire and peace negotiations. According to estimates released by Oxfam, 36.5 million people have died in 1960 Is through insufficient nutrition. This is one of the gravest problems facing humanity and, within this wider context, I urge you to give your support to the Peace! Biafra teach-in when you are free of claSsroom or other responsibilities. -admin president Howard Petch in a statement in the Gazette, wednesday 26 november.

Oh really, Howie. Are 36.5 million deaths from starvation not worth a day off classes, not just to be aware, but to ask why some people in the world starve while wheat rots on the Canadian prairies? Why are none of the resources of the university directed towards analysing and seeking solutions to problems like these instead of just developing the physical and social. sciences necessary to exploit the resources from countries like Nigeria and Biafra (and ultimately cause imperial wars? And how do you expect to lift the .

burden of war from innocent children by attending a teach-in between classes? Do you expect the Canadian government to take a stand on peace, and necessarily have to choose between the side France ships arms to and the side Britain ships arms to, when you don’t even have the guts to take a stand on the name of the country-you can’t be severely criticized by either side when you call it Nigeria-Biafra. And where, Howie, was vour statement at moratorium time about the Vietnam war-where 91 percent of the casualties are civilian? Is it because the more democratic side happens to be communist? The Canadian government plays a role in Vietnam as a member of the international control commission, and it has used that role to help the United States. And if Biafra is only worth the, time when no regular university business is scheduled, why did you see fit to cancel classes for a day next friday for professional development day-a high-sounding name for teachers’ conventionespecially when it seems the main purpose of the day is to show the profs who bother to attend how to make their lives easier and teaching more efficient by using television . Or is that what the Peace on earth sign on the food-services building stands for-more leisure time for faculty, as long as they. consider taking an hour between business to be concerned but not take a stand on starving kids?

member: Canadian university press (CUP) and underground presssyndicate (UPS); subscriber: liberation news service (LNS) and chevron international news service (GINS); published tuesdays and fridays by the publications board of the federation of students (inc.), university of Waterloo: content is the responsibility of the Chevron staff, independent of the federation and the university administration; offices in the people’s campus center; phone (519) 578-7070 or university local 3443; telex 0295-748; circulation 12,500; editor - Bob Verdun. Oh how exciting it is to think that the first admin presidential hopeful will be on campus on monday. And oh how depressing to know that howiepetch will probably get the job. Looking through their tears while working on this issue: Bruce Meharg, Rob Brady, Una O’Callaghan, Bob Epp, Alex Smith, Al Lukachko, Jim Bowman, Tom Purdy who dedicates his photo on the back page to Sharon, Dave X who is here in spirit, dumdum jones, Pete Marshall, Douglas Fisher, Martin Noval, Wayne Smith, David Rees-Thomas (special to the Chevron), Derryck Smith, Essa Faraj, Bruce Meharg, Andre Belanger, Eleanor Hyodo, Paul Lawson, Paul Solomonian who came out of retirement for this issue, Alex O,‘Grady, Jeff Bennett, Bill Pieman, and special correspondents Warren Caragata, Jim Sutton and Bob Ellis, and smartass McCrae dropped in to tell us what we’re doing wrong (everything), and now that strippers have been banned the engineers will have to get their jollies out of doing it instead of just watching.

friday

28 november

1969 (10.35)

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1969-70_v10,n35_Chevron