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.mem,bers voted to support the strike \ and endorse-, efforts ‘of students assisting ..strikers. $ive members abstained: DonGreaves, Hugh Cuthbertson, Gerry’ Wootton, -

NOV.. .2 in a dispute


over a first


‘-, . ’ 1


-‘Appointed , to executive ,po%ts,. . 1 y.:,ii on nomination ‘by.-Bergsma *were, ’ \, Dieter Haag, ~icepresident ; Joe -- TlNlni~atiOn problem eV& .before Givens; treasurer; Jim Belfry, I ~. '.*::I The non-renewal of ‘two prafes:! _ gr@m& in either $e explicit s-or cuss the iSSUe with the press. %, which have tended student activities‘;‘ Gerry Wootton, ‘. .’ ‘:I reasons to %&rrant . “If I see;.*my name in -print I 11 _the dismissals SOP s contracts has ’ thrown the’ hypotletical to bring it Out in the Open. At the publications;Bob claim I never even saw you i toI ‘sihi&c creac. _-1,:‘.; political-science department -into c their not being -iehired?. said present,mdment, feelings have it. ive arts ; Jim Pike, external. re:‘ 1 Bob Hansen. ‘1 ,. : : ’ ( . ,__ day,- said Kersell. a turmoil. been’ ’ rubbed Very Taw as the. lations; and T,R. (Bob) &g, ;:i Meanwhile the department orProfessor Allan Nelson, idepart-, On October 16 assistant. professplit ,between senior and junior r a. j ganization, . is I rapidly;. =*breaking education: , , sors Karen Rawling and Don Ep-. . ment chairman,‘refusedto see the sections widens. ‘down., , Appointed speaker of council on *-. ‘: 1 stein w,ere tol-d their contracts press on the matter. 1- Rawling s cases .nomination by Bergsma was Sanmembers ‘in the ’ EpsteinT$.and ‘1:‘j and Hansen were “, Many 1faculti would. ‘not be renewed for 1969- 1 Anderson. * t 7’(&7thue&on jmge ?a) ’ . i dy MacGregor ,’ .-, : ;J ., among many who -were disturbed L (jepirtm$t had fert an’acute coin70. -The move came as a surnrise _--_ .\. ’ /_ L, ~ttheprospect of the depa?@nent to both of them., ’ Before the- October- 16 meeting T loosing two goodteachers: ’’ a ~~,~~&~~~J$&~ w“I‘m ~especially concernedthatof the review- committee . that 6. L Ch I\ Ars~~rCmranC rif’ &md &viphp& ~ \l,,lr;ddttn "Q&&AL "L tam C.." .&y"U "buY-."-y is,-made tLn ,IlCA-:.4,, u0c131u11, bllt: UqJcalLIIICIIL thn ’ Student council voted- without opposition to. supto fight a Canadian battle, but the U.S. and Cana-, Y,‘. ’ -;.:I ’ b&g :ign&&‘said Hansen. . ’ had .been told the criteria would Anderson .. observed that the’ port-the boycott Of CdifObI~~~~&Xj.M?S.‘ The allotted -,$,ll &D~mies~ are so integrated, tie> have -to ~' :,?! be teaching ability, research and L _-L trouble-s the _ issue. had Lo’)caused fl56 for _publicity and $166, t0 ourchase ‘a- SUp@$ Of change conditions-in America first. *’ ) c / service to the community. ’ j bumperstickers and,buttons. , . a _ . Johnson : told ‘council just how much .monopolv would-have lasting effects. 3 Neither of the profess.ors can ‘, -Further taction ’ on the matter. can be expected capitalism has, been spreading, “Almost all of the _‘4 ’ _ 1 understand why- the senicr mem- ,. ~;‘It ‘could very possible be thit from councik and the World University Service grocery stores inKitchenerWaterloo are owned bv ’ ‘-[> t&.- st,uder&+Y~‘will-y be; , the’ real, _ bers of, the department don t want Garfield Weston, s -E. P: ,;Taylor- and :that :gr&(-. -_ ~.$ ’ 1I biers. The~~~~erta~nly:.w;ill be no campuscommittee: ’ them, back, nor ‘can many other Canadian) institution the Atlantic and1 Pacific-.. - <i winners no m&ter .what happens, _ Speakmg to-cquncil about the .situation in Califor-’ faculty members in the depart-. nia that-spurred the boycott wae..Art Goldberg, a_/ i Tea company (A&P) .” I ' Ment~;. &kitten. -notif.ication of -the ' h-OW,“ he said..’ ’ -student-movement veteran from Herkeley; Cali‘1 Speaking from. the gallery, Jo Surich; poli-sci 4; : -, “F*yI 1‘Bbth &es -.have been ‘. placed decision only told -the~$ it was the ’ a speakingtour. * hfd council the U.S. government has been buying- _’ . --5:-;_. 1 before arts dean Jay.Minas.’ ’ . ,. _ f&r&i whowas in Ontarioon result of carefulconsideration. , &-$&l ‘&&&s,enbr&&&j t-iot(j & discu&ion ,‘bf ’ ’ from the growing surplus*‘of Ca’Iifornia- grapes ,_ - . / **The whole r&@ as far as ‘I‘mrZ ’ ’ “I’ve \ had ?%rne discussion. agricultural working conditions andwagesin other ’ since the,boycott began and. sh~pping:th~'~to wet’ _ a _,-: 4 concerned was I a botch. It -was i A.with members of the departmentagreed on Cali-% nam. He said this’ was @g&& &&.&ono3~iC gres:: -. -:;;"I,l4 ,ibout this and the: discussions- are fields and areas. They, generally ’ ~totally incompetent,‘.’ said assist: was all -that fornia grapes as a good symbol of the plight of': sure off the growers who had’ been pre$sing:‘the, nbt yd concluded” r ant prof Jim Anderson of the,.deL r 1,I,‘-;$ *M-+as wo&d’sayabout the case. . many agriCUltU2%1 workers. Y . ”I government. i j &siqn. -:‘I --’ _ -delved? into some of the ;pirtic-lar .+,<,$ of the depart- . History prof Leo Johnson told council, “The situa- ‘. CouhcillorsI Another ‘pol&ci ass&ant pro- , .-Senior members ‘. r1. 1 ‘Tj tion is,much the same in Ontario. People w_ork for details of conditions in ‘California ’ and +overwhelm:, : 1 ‘merit :Join. Wilson, TerryX &alter , -‘-‘.i 2%“_._ j. ‘, f&&r ,ag@&;-2’’ ‘8I-, - 2 :‘yg ’ inglyvoted to support-the boycott. . , . I “: r+.+L,,-,,2 -’ **I am unable to find- reasonable-,. and John I Kersell refused to dis- slave , wa’ges. Matiyr children work too. I-woula like l


J-. li

?d for the muck-up.


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The.__~,$mjnistration , has ’ res-;:.p< g -3 .y*.i.. .iI ‘i.L _,__.;ponded to the engineers. demand I_. . , @iilding$ Then engineers. ” i:., - fog,~q! .i;.Y. ~ ’ -. , *.&$l_ subtly. confronted., @em ..with a<. - ’ “_.*> :, ,, tl@r need .py changing the-sign -> I/ .., ’ ‘S:zG/+ oh- $liiC Arts ,I11 *construction site :i;,, . .+’:. -’ ._’ to read Eng. .a ’ ,-z-I’-_Jr._’ ,“‘-. I __ --” depart-. - The university-affairs . . _ :>‘L..-‘: ‘merit his -approved plans, ‘i;d pro>/: ‘F IPr 2 (-4,-7-.ceedd . .,-.. .with gdditions_. .‘Ito the -pre; _. .I I _ - . i: *^. ., ’ 4.. _ .“. .c . ;.i .:.‘-


:.-- ; ‘:-.)r--‘v :.Y-\_.‘* -.-r -- $.x’ .‘. __5” ,.c.I_ -r., ---‘., in the? ;< -1. . “,_ aL -%‘,_These studentsgettingit *-< I_ 2 STea* .1are il sthose who,. yearning. :,j* i: cookk& .--:rj .for some of mbthershome~ cup % -.. ’, a mg, try: for : .a +oin-vended : *. of Mother Margolies chicken soup. ,‘:: ’ , .b . The ma&ma hasbeen gulpi,ngX .. . . * P.“.-:Icash daily,, but refusing ‘to spew I .. forth the goldenbroth. : . .. 7‘st. : .,.,&cently severalstudents fired ?1. ?-2 ,:. ,,.oif Xthls.+obbery and +ook the resI ’ * ‘i. .,l+pnsible; “. active approach of <$ a-’ ~_. .:‘calmly .kicking .the&ell. out of, the I is ‘ I , ,~I_ , **.‘a % _ ‘e. .I \(







S& engineering*, building ,and . ~pitc~. for - the school .of &chitec-, tu?& ” . I .’ - : i. I. a;. , f :“,’ . I ?-.:‘ ;Tbe i;addition is scheduled for --Tfqymn~y by. thf! fall of &!71, and will be, located within the ring road, at the%ou& east corner of j the CWQ$I.I~~ Jmks. .are/already , about ‘. I_to be- transplant&-& prepara-, tion~for .’ __~~ qconstruction; ’ - . 2: 1. : ,i, ‘) -‘.’ ‘.I ; ” ~,,I .i .” I?.* . ( ; . _‘

machine. ‘ Much to their J-surprise, $1.6&Q -in jnckels, dimes, quarters, . and shekels. streamed . forth..; ’ %LI . q’ -This money- has’ ‘been nused to‘ buy paper to circulate a petition to-have the machine fixed.” ” ‘* If this _ ,fails,’ 6 ,.‘pizza and saurkrau t machine fill ibe moved in to replace it. -. Anyone -with strong- Geelings, whether r$oist, religious, -or go& met+ is- Lasked to sign .tne petitions in : either-the campus ‘cen. @or the math coffee-shop. ‘. I ,. : j ‘- ^*’



-. ;

: ). .

/ _ t

_t >_


’ .: .:. lj$utnot <for‘ ‘wh&h%he thinks he life, ;the$rosl T- >‘I :.,$c1.n.eeds you, The ~Ajnerican~ draft 7,‘l&liti~c& activit~$n~,.iid t;0 neyi- * +-?‘:*- . >/ *-ti,~, i .exiles -on campus *are ;orga.nizi,n~;‘~.-Trriirals,’ ‘. - , ‘.-*.,. !Y II S E: -dye*~ A@ C$ad’ an+meriean$ s&o have.. ‘+ :Anyone desiring; ,further inf~r-,~ 8 .-“i-.= _ refused in,‘h uction *or are thinking e- mation can contact ‘1.‘. Rick’ Seder< $$, ~ -: ” ,of doing)&are~ holding an organstrom at 57644%or 744~6111, local .I’ %L_jr . ,’ meeting ‘i@onday”3at 7 in ’ 2665. _, I- . :iz$ional

(CUP)=The crisis j. .I;,”.-,. _ _-j j _ BURNABY “7: at &iqn Fraser is over ’ for - this


\ ..I :

by Bob Verdun Chevron managing,editor

The new student council, in its first heeting, decided a onevote, margin to accept bdministration president, Gerry Hagey s invitation to a private discussion. The invitation had’ been originally extended September 23 for a dinner meeting.. The .past student &uncil rejected the closed meeting suggested rather an open .meeting in the campus center great hall. by




an offer


have some form of an open meeting but as well as a private discussion between council members and himself and the administration s three vicepresidents, provost and treasurer because “there are certain matters to be discussed that are not of a nature for an open meeting. The - past council rejected this, left it to the new council, because by that time the election had been called. The’ motion, passed Wednesday night, calls for the acceptance of Hagey s invitation with minor modifications-the meeting will be held in the board -and senate room, and will be closed to all but student councillors and a representative of the Chevron.The motion also invited, Hagey to come to a general meeting.The eventual form of the motion was reached after about an hour-.

municating with the students and would continue to separate council from the students. “This is just an elitist fUIlCtiOIl, she said. I Paul Dube reminded the council ther.e was a standing policy against attending. secret meetings. Haag, new federation vicepresident, replied “We have to present the wishes of the electorate _ to ~l-md~inistration~ Gordon suggested it was necessary to meet the administration half way-and he wanted -to do

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meeting, he said. ’ - : Patterson. past vicepresident’ and most-experienced. council -member. gave a long speech concentrating on the real .. meaning ~ of communication, . “We ve tried flyers, I forums, coffeeshop discussions and a-council newspaper. The answer is ,to get more people involved. We on council are not the only ones interested in the business of council. We re not just a little group of politicos or organizers. it in HageY S off& “In dealing with the adminisMiss Burt replied it was necestration the most important fhings sary to bridge the -gap between are the issues themselves. Meetstudents and the administration ings to get to known them, perand this couldn t be done by dissonally reinforces the wrong ascussing with Hagey matters he pect and can cloud the issues. didn t want in ,, the open. She “We have to get administraalso questioned an earlier statetors out ‘of offices where stument by Boughner in which he dents never approach them. where had, stated there were ways of they hold secret meetings all the communicating to students other time. We have to make them talk . than open meetings. She asked to the people. _ what the’ways were. He replied,, “There is also a temptation ‘in “They have been quite well outprivate meetings to , agree ’ to lined in the past. (referring to . keep. something in confidence in the campaign). order to get a piece of informaRichardson wanted to know if tion. the administration holds the same *attitudes to this council “Last year ( fall 1967) we talked as they did to the previous. He a lot about building better personwanted a private-although he al relations and better communicatermed it not necessarily secrettions. .-We had .a private dinner meeting to test their attitudes meeting and everybody felt-better ‘*‘ .: / about each other personally. but%n and Plans. I / Cubberley suggested if some a few days everything fell back _ councillors wanted to know .Hagey into its old pattern of structures. __:

.Then,treat yourself to,a chat with Dr. Howard Petch,Vice President (Academic) k!londays;4=6p.& Campus Centre (Pub Area)


160 King St. W. ,

Ph:one 745-7124


decision. to have, a private meetink with Hagey came .ebly in Wednesday evening: ‘\

and-a-half debate. The vote, taken personally-‘ 6do you want to know with the people in the offices still on a roll call, went nine for, eight c what kind’of beer he drinks? making the decisions. An admin-’ they should approach him as inagainst and two abstentions. istration-student committee on Voting for the, motion were \ dividuals, not as council memcommunications fell into disuse. federation president John Bergbers. He was greeeted with ap- ” Patterson &minded council their tl smai Nick Kouwen, Dieter Haag . plause and ‘laughter from the only real power is to. spend a ’ i -_c land >Dave Gordon (.grads), Don large gallery when he suggested certain amount of money; . and - 1 1. Greaves and ~Tom Boughner (en- as a solution a buffet dinner. in if ’ they wanted . to do anything j center., gineeringr,’ Doug Richardson (St. thecampus . else, they had to I have‘. people 9 Jerome s), Jim Belfry (reg math) Patterson . stated :Hagey was b&hind thefii:, - * .. J,‘- i 1 i inviting them’ only as council and Hugh Cuthbertson (phys-ed). , ’ That means, you cant play c , members, not students,: He inVoting against the motion were little political games: You can ; councillors Dave Cubberley, San- sisted it would be aj political personally’ think Howie’ Petch .’ -I meeting bv its nature. dra Burt and Tom Patterson ( academic vicepresident,)’ is a Geoff Roulet science’), “‘Because it s a political meet(arts), nice guy, but that can cloud the -1; ‘-1 Barry Filhmore ( engineering), ing, it must be open to the people /1 ’ real issues. John Koval (reg math), Glenn you represent,, he said. , Kouwen felt it was necessary Berry (co-op. math) and Paul “‘This\ type of“‘dinner me&g’ ‘-‘: 1 j Dube (Renison). -_ I to _ work in small, personal ‘doesn t do anything. It isn t the ! groups with those .who ‘have the, kind of thing for my constituents+;. * Abstaining were {Gerry Wootton ’ I/ .k_ .I (science ) and Jim Stendebach power to make changes. \ . and I won t 90. ,_ I (arts):‘. Stendebach said, “We need a Several speakers challenged ’ +I Absent were I3ill. S*nodgrass private political meeting where ’ those councillorswho i did want ‘- ! (engineering)’ and Ian Calvert Hagey lays his cards on the have the private --meeting :on -* i (science ) ? who has pneumonia. ‘table. He won t do that at a to Pete Huck (out-term engineering) general meeting. ’ ’ the question of representivity. _ .’ i motion ” 1 had to leave before the vote-and - “You would-play his game! . Belfry put forward-the to .accept Hagey s’ invitation and ’ .Romney White (out-term co-op retorted Cubberley. 1,.; while he was rewording it, Patmath) arrived late. A.11 four ‘Sometimes you have to,. re.‘ 7,) terson said, “People who called j were members of the last counplied Stendebach. in the election. ” ! cil ‘that had voted against the Berry drew an analogy to the for repr sentivity campaign K ow call for restrictive: closed meeting with Hagey. type of meeting student council . Those favoring the motion em- was having-&the campus tenclosed ‘meetings. It’s an ini credible ’ cohtradication and ;: I _ ‘; phasized their desire to get to ter great hall. with 100450 specdon t understand how they can__ ,j ‘know the senior, administrators tators who could see and hear do it. socially and personally, and. to everything. not just read a. newsI -j ’ present the views of the students, paper report: and be able ,. to ’ The’vote was eventually taken’ i to the administration. communicate with their representas I a roll call, .and: the private ) I Miss Burt, however. said this atives. . , *, meeting proposal pa$sed”f&& with q ’ was a move away from com- , -‘*I have no support, for a closed ’ tt-vo abstentions., -.‘. 1) l ’ j: .I 1 ’ L. ’ .. I. .1j i”

zed that liber$l rhetoric about blems. He didn’t really believe democratic rights of dissent and all the nonsence .about, <freedom, freedom of speech and assembly ,,yoo.r Brian Her. Nasty, ir’tesjustjce and equality, but there were so- many people around him were a sham coverup ,for a : ponsible,%viole’nt radical who won’t - talk to‘the administration because &ho didi he thought they were commie plot to ‘destroy the good relations between business and he, thinks they’re all wrong. He - actually right. met his Waterloo when t_he wellSo September came and Iler . industry and the university. : infqrmqd l&en with Moscow Gold the students of this univerwas duped binto pursuing a course sity voted him out of his armof dernocratizing the universityradicals could not succeed. Iler ./ /’ kill learn the error of his ways cl$ir and the cushy $60.50 weekly soqethingwe all know is not he socialistically accepted only inefficient, but possibly and will accept that certain ,’ * L as #compensation for not being a destrucive of the role of the .unirights must be surrendered for _ versity as a s&vice-station .for efficient function of the capitalist 1-i ~fulltime s&dent. free-enterprise %system. He . will qy his place, we have responbusiness and industy. sible, nonviolent I-senior engiThe latter recognized this, and also accept his privileged posineering student John Bergsma together with their allies, comtion in th$ technocratic oligarchy., ~ wfio will talk to the administraIler is already beginning to mercial nkwspaper publishers, tion and solve- the world’s prowaged a valiant and even&ally crack for he admitted, “I might \ blems while ‘at the same time ‘as well finish my degree; I’ve successful -tiampaign of showing t ‘ finishing fourth-year engineering the faults in 1ler”s ways. The stugone this far and it might prove and accepting a measly $60.50 dents on this campus finally realiuseful: :’ ’ honorarium for his corporate * , talents, and for cleaning ,up the image of, the university so all its can get, comfy k jobs .I -’ students ;‘ Ii - 2. again. motherhood,, apple’- e’ :D&mocracy, ..,, 1:- a-- pie and the’ American way have : ,& -been saved for-another day. I And Iler sulked away mumblirig, 4L I “it’s a cruel world and virtue is ’ triumphant only in 2 theatrical. performances.l” Qne must pity’ a person like Iler \ ~wbb was one on his way to being . I / successfully dssimilated into the system. Acti&’ in 1 the young .* . people’s group at his church in _ I Guelph, Iler came to unive+ ! sity and followed logically into . 4he< Circle K club-a great place to learn the corporate ethic and , 1 ’ help tq perpetuate charity, the --. _ backbone of Western capitalism. ‘Iler served well in Circle K and it, the same time worked with the engineering society,: and was elected- to. student r@buncil where. ,I he continued to be’ responsible c’ .and nopcontroversial. . , I ’ The& admirable qualities were - recognized by the administration when they selected him to be -chairman of _ the university’s 1 week. He was I. - tenth .anniversary true. _to their expectations and I, ’ presented ..‘a fine -image .of the I %niiersity. to. kick off its fund drive. /.With this as, a background, .h& ra-n for presfdent of the Federation of Students. True he possibly , . mentioned he had certain acti? vist tendencies, but these were -tolerable. to the majority for‘these . views had as yet shown no’ consequences. /1 c ’ b$Thomas

, Cijevran staff

J. Edwhis

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Enginews: Maybe you would like to start with just a brief statement of the purpose of the student newspaper in general. What do you think it should do? Saxe: I think a studen_t newspaper has a number of purposes. It has a responsibility to make known to the students the things happening on campus; including dances, football games, general campus news, and what have you. I also think that it has a responsibility, in the way I think everybody today has responsibility, to try to present whatever awareness ,it might have that the general student body might not have; to pr’esent problems it sees people today in our society, the society of the university or in the sqciety of the country or in the society of man at large, facing. I think’ an important question is raised when it comes to balancing those two purposes. To a large extent, I guess I would place a good bit of the emphasis on the presentation of problems, but as long as it’s a newspaper which is being paid for out of general student funds, I think it’s going to have to cover the things that the Chevron .covers through This W’eek on Campus, its sports pages, Canipus Quickies, its entertainment pages, etc., Enginews: Okay, ‘cari we switch now to your editorial policy? I’m just wondering, are you solely responsible for the editorial policy-does anybody else contribute to it at all? Saxe: Technically the Editor-in-Chief is the embodiment of the newspaper, and is singularly responsible for all of its content. However, editorial policy is set by the staff in a number of ways. At the first staff meetings of the acdemic year, the staff were asked if they had any disagreements with over-all editorial policy, which had beev developed during the summer. A few things were discussed, but generally there weren’t any disagreements. If a question is raised at a staff meeting, .it is discussed until some sort of a consensus is found. So at any staff meeting -we’ve held about six since the beginning of the academic year-any member of the staff can raise any question he wants [or consideration. Tire decision of the staff meeting is pretty well binding. Many specific decisions are also made at these meetings. For example, the decision to back Bkian Iler in-the election was made in a staff meeting. A few of the other specific editorials have been read to the staff at the staff meeting and approved, but generally the way we implement the overall policy on a day-to-day basis is by passing the editorials around the office for everyone to read and to make comments on. -Then they are returned to whoever wrote them-and that can be anyone on staff-and he incorporates the comments into the final draft. The final editorial comes to me. I read it and if there’s no problem -it will go through; if thel’e is any question it will go. back for a staff decision. So the final content of editorials that go in the paper has been approved by whoever was around at the time they were written. The biggest editorials we always try to write early in the week, SO that a lot of staff members will see them before they go to press on Wednesday. I don’t think any editorial has been


published this year that wasn’t seen by at least half a dqzen staff members. Enginews : Your editorial policy has given the impression of a sort of anti-establishment attitude, and cut, cut, cut at the administration. *A lot of people have said to me that they thought this editorial policy was not being restricted solely to the editorial page. Gerry Hagey’s in absentia address for one, and the twopage spread you did with him being specifically mentioned a few times with the Gordie Lightf oot song; could you comment on the reasons for these breaches of etiquette? Saxe: Well; I do not think editorial policy belongs on just the editorial page. It extends throughout the other portions of the paper in the selection of what we print. Our editorial policy was, set out in the first paper, and it is being maintained. That policy is to take a look at the problems we think people are facing today, and that doesn’t just mean in teninch editorials on the editorial page, it means in the features we have decided to print. The. problems we are talking about are big ones; as a matter of fact, the whdle structuie of’society when you get right down to it. I think if we are to investigate them properly we have to take a look around for articles that delve into the logic of the problems that we say we are facing; that go into the different aspects of them, that suggest alternatives,. and alternative methods. So that’s why an awful lot of the big articles we’ve published are an extension of editorial policy. Those articles do not present one line, in the- sense that many would not find agreement amongst their own authors, but. they do agree that there is a major problem. Some of the things we publish I think are obviously funny or tongue-in-cheek ; the in absentia address of Dr. Hagey falls somewhat into that class. It’s a different way of making the same point, there’s no doubt about that, and we felt presenting it in that way, it might come home to some more people. We didn’t think it was insulting to Dr. Hagey, in a personal sense; and the same applies to the center spread we did of Go&e Lightfoot’s song. Enginews: Do you think t@at people are actually reading these articles? Saxe: Well, I know there are .definitely some people who are skipping over the longer articles, but we have done a couple of checks and are fairly happy with the results. I constantly have people come up to me and say, “I don’t read the Chevron any more; ” and’ to take it to its extreme, the following is typical of the conversation: “I don’t read the Chevron any more.” And I’ll ask why not. And he’ll say, “Well look what you said in the third column of the fourth page on last Friday’s ediR tion.” Look out in the great hall every Friday, there are people who will come into the great hall at 11 o’clock, wait for the Chevron and sit the& and read it until two or three o’clock, I also talk to maids at the Village. They tell me they just don’t see Chevrons thrown out in .the garbage. Chevrons are all piled up on- the bookshelves. Well, if you really don’t, read the things we print, you don’t save them and pile them up on your book-

shelves. And if you ‘wander around the Village on Tuesday or Wednesday night, you’ll find people still reading the long articles from last Friday. Enginews: Does the Chevron have a mission, as such, other than informing peaple of what is going on and what the Chevron thinks our problems are? Is the Chevron’s editorial policy and staff attempting to make people follow a certain method of solution, a la RSM? Saxe: No I’m not too sure to what degree the RSM would think that they were suggesting a particular approach, but no, we a given answer; . are not suggesting we are not suggesting a Marxist iL;ia, or anybody’s utopia. It in effect comes down to a more basic question. I think that in gtructuring our society, you have an original choice. And that is to structure the educational system, and the socialization system, to give you the ability to either choose only one alternativethe given-or the ability to contemplate many choices, and to choose between these many choices. I, ,think the ess,@al problem today is that people have the ability only to contemplate one alternative-the given. And the line that the Chevron is pushing is that we should have the ability to honestly conceive of many different ways of doing whatever the given problem is, be it an economic system for a whole society, or be it loving a woman. I do think @at we are pusing the one idea that you should be able to have many alternatives. But we are not pushing any one alternative as the final anstier. Certainly many of the articles in the Chevron have suggested some sort of alternative. And in most cases they are ,ones which a’re generally classified by the public as being left or left-wing. I know that. I think its because its been the left that has been trying to fade and solve the problems we’ve been talking.about. Personally I think the answers to society’s problems lie well within the realm of left-wing philosophies. It is the left that talks about increased rights for all people’. It is the left that proposes a direction for man that would see an increaked brotherhood of man. It is part of the frightening situation we are in today that many people think being socially left is bad, though they really have no conception of what it-means. That is part of the reason it is so important to act today; to open people’s minds to studying their- present direction and influencing their future one. It’s interesting to not,e some of the reactions we’ve had this year to the Chevron. You have the letter from Martha Vinaker and Sue Leppan that the Chevron received in October, which suggested that if the problems the Chevron was raising were really true, we would have no alternative but to commit suicide. It is very frightening to have somebody write you that sort of letter, because in effect what they are saying is’ that our society has only given us two alternatives; go the set way, accept the status quo, or commit self destruction. In a. way, I can agree with that part of the Minaker-Leppan letter; I think if tdtal enormity of exactly what a catastrophic situ&ion we are in were ever to hit me all at once, I might be very tempt-

ed .toward self-destruction myself. But I think we all have sort. of built-in safeguards that let us see it only bit by bit. The only difference between the moderate and the radical is the speed with which they are seeing these bits and how many bits they are seeing at the ‘same , time. So you have, John, Bergsma; while he’s ~ on tliis canip&s,saying he’d like to solve “x”, he’d like to solve “y”, but he really hasn’t reached the point where he realizes that “x” and “y” are connected to huge , problems in our total society, and that . the only way he will be able to solve them in the end is a restructuring of society. In his own way he is talking about restructuring power on this campus, and power on this campus is tied very closely to power in society. Enginews: Yes, but you have to start somewhere. Saxe: ’ Yes, you do. Enginews: (And) As he said, we have to start on this campus, and get ourselves organized, get ourselves united, and find out which way we want to go, and only from there can we work to so’ ciety. In other words, we cannot start working on society until we ourselves . have decided on our course and our future setup, the way we want things. Saxe: The next couple of months are ~ really only going to find the moderates wondering about trying to find another set of methods. Throughout the election the moderates were not able to offer an alternative set of methods on solutions. They were not able to say that better cbmmunications can come from doing this or that par,ticular thing. TFe radicals have a direction and now they have been re,I leased from having to worry about consensus politics. When they were the pre: sident and the vicepresident and executivemembers of the Federation of Students; they had to worry about representing the _ general student body. They had to call general meetings, because they believed’ I very definitely in democracy, and. they believe in letting the people decide. Now they are no longer in that situation. I think they are still going to try educative work on the whole campus, but they can go and stand beside the strikers : in Peterborough, and not worry any longer ’ about what the general student body on this campus thinks of that. Enginews: But this is the point that I am trying to make; that I think this last ’ electipn proved one thing-that the student body on this campus doesn’t want that sort of thing. They elected a ma.n-I don’t think they elected him because of his per’ sonality qr even becarise of his platform, because, as you say, it was a little bit fuzzy; but they elected him basically on his principles, his principles of moderatism and a rejeCtion of the radicals’ view of ‘things, the radical approach to this campus. ’ Saxe: Right. But that doesn’t mean that the 36 percent- of the people who voted For Iler should all of a sudden give up 2nd stop. The Radical Student Movement :an go and do whatever it wants to do. rhe 56 percent have no right to say you can’t stand on the striking lines for the Peterborough Examiner reporters. And ’ 1 think that i)s what the radicals are going 1 *continued iiext page Friday,


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to do now. They have been released from the constraints of worrying about what the majority wants them to do and what it doesn’t want them to do. Enginews : A lot of people have said the Chevron was instrumental in having this election called and in having Brian Iler lose. First of all because the Chevron appeared, at least to me when I got back in September, to be totally biased. There was an immediate reaction to this, and everyone immediately became really angry with the whole radical student hangup. So this precipitated a general meeting, Brian Iler and all were thrown out. A lot, of people said that part of the reason Brian Iler lost the election was because of your Tuesday editorial page, the day before the election, because it appeared that you were really slamming John Bergsma, perhaps unduly, and there was another reaction to this. Saxe: Let’s talk about those things in reverse order. The staff definitely felt they had to do that final editorial. I think,for good reason. As it said in the editorial, they felt they were people who were charged with knowing what was going on on the campus and hense had a responsibility to tell our readers that they felt it would be very bad for the general student body to elect John Bergsma. I think it would be very hard to tell whether it turned people against Iler. We felt the people who say, “That turned me against Iler,” really weren’t going to vote for Iler in the first place. Iler didn’t want votes from people who didn’t understand what he was for. And people who understood what he was for probably haven’t had a lot of disagreement with the Chevron. As to your charge of bias, that is an interesting thing to talk about. First of all, as the Chevron said in its first editorial, being unbiased is a myth. One of the biggest problems we face with the national press is that we tend to believe it is unbiased. We tend to think what it reports is fact. And it’s not. It is simply the way a certain person with all the biases that every individual has, saw something. There is the old example-try to get two witnesses to an accident to agree on what happened. Now a reporter becomes a little more professional at viewing things. When it comes to political things, he has very definite biases. The professional. press is showing this to us over and over again, in the way the way they handle student activists. So yes, the Chevron is biased, from front to back. But there is a difference in approach, depending upon the page you are reading. We honestly strive to make our news pages as unbiased as possible. And in . fact, though it may be hard for people outside the Chevron to believe this, we have had stories submitted to us which were just too biased against the administration; writers who, for example, had not called up the administrator involved in the story to ask him what his side was. And those stories have been sent back to the reporter, and he has been told to g&t the other side of the story. But there are other places in the paper, in the features we present, in the features we where there is definite bias, . .If youwrite, wish to call it that. There is a defin8


ite point of view,there is a definite editorial -decision that has gone into the fact that we are doing all those things. We have told the readers it is there; we have written an editorial which told people it was going to be there. I don’t think there is anything wrong with that. People often ask me why we are not presenting the other side of the story. Well, we are presenting different approaches, but we are not presenting anyone who says things are all hunky-dory and mom’s apple pie is reigning supreme. The reason we’re not is because we think our readers are living the other side of the story; in other words, when we say the status quo is wrong, what we are saying is you are living wrong. And if you want the other side of the story from what the Chevron is presenting, you can go to nine out of ten of your professors, you can pick up any of the national press, you can pick up almost all of the national news magazines, you can pick up almost any of your text books. And you can get the other side of the story. The other side, being the status quo, already has everything overwhelmingly in its favor. Enginews : You mentioned something a while ago about not contacting people in the administration for their views. As I recall, at the beginning of the term, there were a lot of people in the administration who complained they were misquoted. ;Probably what they meant was not that they were misquoted but that quotes were taken out of context. Do you still follow the policy of contacting the people involved in an article, the people who have been quoted, to check to see how close your quotes are to what they actually said? Saxe: There are a number of ways which we take quotes from senior administrators. Most quotes you read in the Chevron exist either on our tape recorders or were read back to the person who was involved and he was asked if that was what he wanted to say. Now let’s take a look at where the real complaints came from, and where the administration said it wasn’t getting its side of the story across. First of all, it’s not really so much the administration as it was President Hagey. When Hagey published his letter that he was cutting off relationships with the Chevron and that he was leaving it up to everyone else to decide whether they wanted to, I think we could all assume that everyone would follow suit. After all, if the president says he is being badly handled and publishes an open letter in the Gazette saying he is cutting off relationships with the Chevron and it’s up to everyone else if they want to or not, you would think everyone else would. Nobody else did. Al Adlington, Howard Petch, Ted Batke, all the university vicepresidents continued to talk with us, continued to be openly available to us, even late at night if we wanted to contact them; and so did all the ‘people down the line. And whenever we have an important story that we feel we should have a comment from Hagey on, we have called him. Not once has he refused to see us. So I tend to wonder. exactly what his breaking off relationships means. It doesn’t seem to mean much when he realizes he- had

better see us about something. I think a lot of it came because Hagey had backed himself into a corner over a couple of things. ‘Hagey claimed when we first published the fact he was going to resign as president it wasn’t true. And he went so far as to call the KitchenerWaterloo Record and have the KitchenerWaterloo Record print a story saying the Chevron said Hagey was going to resign but that he wasn’t. What the KitchenerWaterloo Record ignored, in their unbiased press reporting, and what Dr. Hagey failed to see, was that the story had been confirmed by Al Adlington, the operations vicepresident. We contacted Dr. Hagey, and we printed his remarks as well in that story. Most importantly I think Hagey wanted to avoid, at any cost, acting on the Beausolei problem. Enginews: So then you don’t worry too much that you might be quoting someone out of context. Saxe: Yes we do. We try to get the sense of their quote all the time. This is one of the biggest problems of the printed mediait has to take quotes out of context. But I think we have been very fair. Enginews: The Chevron is probably the main communications media on campus, and I think a lot of the problems we had this fall, f& instance Habitat, Tent City and all these things, were caused by the fact that the students on campus didn’t know what had precipitated these “confrontation tactics”; i.e., the Habitat picket really took place before anybody knew all of the meanderings and falderall that the student body had gone through in committees to try to get this damned place straightened out, to try to make it liveable. And all of a sudden they were faced with a bunch of people picketing the administration library. Sake: Well, I heard that a lot of times, but I am afraid there doesn’t seem to be anything we can do about it. Before the Habitat demonstration, there were two front-page stories on Habitat in the Chevron. There was an entire one-page spread on Habitat and exactly how unliveable it would be, and there were numerous other stories throughout the last couple months on problems with Habitat. I am not too sure the Chevron could have done much more. There was also a huge advertisement calling the general meeting on Habitat; and after the demonstration there was that full-page ad by the administration. Enginews: Do you have any idea why they put it in? Saxe: I think they thought that would be the best way to discredit the Chevron; if they purchased a page and put in their own story it would look like their point of view was not being put across unless they bought an ad. If you read that ad and read past issues of the Chevron, you will see every piece of information in that ad is in past issues of the Chevron. Other information is in past issues of the Chevron, too. Information like the’ fact that it wasn’t just the students who walked out of Habitat meetings and called Habitat an atrocity, it was also the Warden of the Student Village. The history in that ad also ignored a number of complaints from Stephen Ireland ; yet at one point it suggests the federation presi-

dent waited too long before he tried to take any action. What it doesn’t point out is the reason he waited was because he was trying to go through all the proper channels, and he was put off for three months. I think the administration in the long run is asking for problems when it tries in an ad to call down the student president for not acting quicker, when the real situation during that time found the student president trying to go through proper channels. Enginews: Do you expect a turnover of staff now that a new president has been elected whom they do not support? Saxe: I think the staff will stay on. In terms of presenting unbiased news, John is lucky. It will be a lot easier now for us to present what is going on in Council in an unbiased fashion than it would have been in September, because now we have some more practiced, experienced staff members. I think if you take a look at our election story on the front page of last Friday’s Chevron, you can’t say that’s a biased story. Enginews: What’s the Chevron’s attitude toward John Bergsma going to be? Saxe: Not that he’s elected, I think we are going to sit back and see what he can accomplish. One thing that is missed on campus is that all of us would like to see things accomplished without pickets and strikes, and without having to get nasty. I’ve had lunches and dinners with Gerry Hagey. I like him as a person, in terms of what he thinks he should do in this world; I respect him, much as a Roman Catholic respects a Moslem who is a good Moslem and never had a chance to become a Roman Catholic. If things could be done without people having confrontations, if we can accomplish the things which John says he wants to accomplish, that doesn’t just mean getting students on the board of governors, that means also creating an aware student body, I think that would be really great. I think our bias is obvious. We don’t think he can do it. But he’s been elected to do it, so we will sit back and see whether or not he can. Enginews: I don’t think very many people are sure, or believe that he can do it, but a lot of people say lets give him a chance. Saxe: Now that he’s elected I’d agree. Beforehand I wouldn’t have, because we’ve learned too much. There comes a time when you have to stop saying, let’s give the new guy a chance. You have to take a look at the old people, you have to take a look at who Brian Iler was and who Steve Ireland was, and realize how competent they were. It’s hard to believe that John will be able to accomplish anything they couldn’t have. Enginews: Schools are growing like weeds, and this paper has gone from four pages four years ago, once a week, to twice a week and an average total of 40 pages. Is it going to become a daily? , Saxe: I can see the Chevron staying at twice a week until September 1970. Then we will be in a -brand new printshop. .Our present printer is going ‘crazy doing us twice weekly. That is why you get all / the typographical errors in the Chevron. Unlike many student newspapers and

alike the *professional press, we don’t !t to proof-read our paper. I ,_ I I^ I ‘wouldn’t go to a daily today, given .’ the choice. I wouldn’t even go three times , a week. I think that ,the news don this, campus can be cbvered, in a twice-a-week paper. J Enginewsk There’s a‘ trend in Students’ I Council toward becoming big. business. Is it going to become so that the ‘whole executive and the editorial staff. of the paper are all salaried employees: that stay forayearandwbrk? ’ . Saxe: I hope not. I hope it doesn’t go any further than it is right now. With maybe one minor point; I wouldn’t mind seeing &a couple more people employed for one term a year; in other words, their offterm. -With most people, of course, -this is the summer. I‘ think the solution to growing needs is to employ more staff, .get more secretaries into the office so that we get all the really nonsense work out of our hands. I think it’ should remain a stud&t federation ‘and !$a,‘student news: paper. Not a~ professional qfederation f$r* i - s&d$ith i ghd n;dt a I.’$r&&siofial i ,ne& ! -paper,forstudents. ’ ’ ‘. 1 %ngiiiews: How much does the editor of. ‘the Chevron get paid? 1 . J Saxe: $60 a week before deducticns.. Enginews: How many hours do you, estimate that you put in on the Chevron? Saxe:- It varies. During the -summer months I’ put in about 50 hours a week. And in, September, October and about the first week in November, I was-putting in about ‘120, 125 hours a week. ‘Now it’s dropped back off’ again, to about 99 hours a week. . ‘, Enginews : Are you getting paid enough for this’ sport? -. Saxer Yes, I think so. I don’t think ~the job should ever be attractive because of. its pay. I think you should take thejob for reasons that have nothing to do: w-ith the pay. ‘Then I think you shouldn’t lose anything in terms-of actual cash out-ofpocket, ‘because you took the job. I wouldn’t mind seeing a slight increase to $75 a week, but I would be against it going higher than that. ’ - Enginews : Why did you take the, job? \ Are you not on stit of a personal crusade to’ change, something? Are you using the Chevron as your vehicle, or are you just taking it as a job, as sort of training? . Saxe: I’ll probably never go into-journal-:. ’ -I. isml I want tc see: the student newspaper on this campus say something. In a way, it’s what ‘you saicl” about John -Bergsma’s / idea of starting on campus. I believe you have to start somewhew too. And looking - around me I decided the best place to start was on campus,cand dne ef.‘thebest places on campus, I felt, was the-student newspaper, .‘b. 1 ’ . I ’ I wanted to see ,this paper publish,,ar&es, that would ask people to think; and ’ think ’ about the ,problems I. 3hink lthey arefacing; Before we can solve any-of those problems many ,mbre ,people have to be made aware ofthem,:or they have ’ to realize the world isn’t in a very hunky,dory state,: that sitting; back- in an easy c&if and saying let the ,other .guy do it, -_ today more than ‘ever inour history has become-a very,, very frightening thing. : We are-a nation;~ a. societyi ‘that accepts I stepping :on’ “other i p’eople tb get-ahead. . 9 -. .-. I.- -,‘. . -\ .A I I I * a.._- J* :;.‘ ;- I I ~ 1” i.. k - --\‘. 1

bits,. or we can reallocate our resources and educa.te, ‘every ’ to feed, house,clothe person in the world today; and ,we ’ h&e. to. choose between those things. That choice didn’t- exist until very-< recently. But right now--we are a society ‘ that&ally hates our .fellow man; that mistrusts him, that can’t deal .with him. My mother teaches / high school. She was teaching her class Julius Caesar oneday. And she-asked her students why they. thought Brutus ,had helped. kill Caesar. Every one of them said that Brutus helped kill Caesar because he thought it would be a way to get himself ahead. It never occurred to any of them that Brutus -might have killed-Caesar ‘for the good of all the people, *despite the fact that’s what Shakespeare. implies in his text That I ~think is a very good comment on w@ere.~welr-e at today. : ._ _ ..- =: j, : People believe : the. only ‘reason ‘-you do things is to get ahead, People believe that is why-I took the Chevron position. Like I’m a power monger, I want all thepower I~ can and ail the prestige and everything. Well s I think if they took a look around them at how -most of the students,on this campus feel about me;and‘if they took a look and. decided exactly whether the time spent on student a&vities really got me ahead, anywhere, they would have to decide either that if I have those go,als. I’m very:* stupid because I have‘ done a really lousy .jbb ‘of applying them, or I have some other reason for beiq here. ’ My reason comes down to the fact that I want to see some things-said, I-want to do, the best I can in whatever way I see possible, to try to get people to look’up and pay attention to some -of the’ tfiihgs the. Chevron ~has been investigating. Enginews: How in hell, when this is the best it’s ever, been, and we still, only get a 55% .percent turnout in a presidential election, do ydu get the rest cf the stud-~ ents to take enough of an inter’est to evenwalk an extra hundred yards to drop a . piece of paper into a box? -+ Saxe: I don’t think we’ll ever-do it on,a university campus, because we: ar,e too late. By the time the students get here they are 19: years ,old -on an average. .By that point they have formed all.’ their values,. -they have, tiade _up their mind’s and decided things. P.- Let’s talk about _that: 45 percent who didn’t vote; P,ou know, if you meet‘tliem in the washrooms in, the student village, oriflyou meet themin the pub downtown; they -really d&o care about many .of, the issues. The problem is not. so much apathy, -Iwhich is what everyone wants to call ‘it,; as a sort of disassociation;-a feeling that thqy @@n’t really accomplish anything. A f+l&g that. -the& Isingular vote does&t :;:‘‘mean ar&thing. i A feeling that n&natter what John Bergsma does or what: $&an Iler says,’ we-are always g&g to progress in the same. direction that we are now ,progressing in,-.: , .This is the thing I think we have to com: bat.- With,most it’stoolateto do it-by the the people.get &-university; The-reason


so,we cango out into the ‘lower schools, the-high schcols and the public schools, where 1their original values are really formed: Where they first decided that you can’t change things so you just ignore them. Enginews: A few weeks ‘ago, Stewart, you wrote an article which was called. Symbolism on Wheels, and in this article you deplored the use of cars that were very expensive, and I’ just. wondered, what kind of a car do you drive? ’ . Saxe: I drive a 1969 Chrysler Barracuda. I am asked about. that fairly often and I think it’s :a good question’. , People of-ten think I -am holding myself forwardas the better life or, as *the better .way. That’s the last thing I .want to do. _ . I’m not really too sure. why I even believe some of the things I do, Except fcir maybe one important thing: I grew up with many, many different sorts of at,; nidspheres around me. I ‘grew ‘up in a working class town of management class parents, in a Christian. town-of. Jewish parents, et&- etc.; and so, unlike most people, having had many alternatives constantly’ before me’ in my youth,, I think I sort of learned how to pick ,and choose a little bit and how to extrapolate new alternatives. Not very much. But a little bit. I also had pa,rents who encouraged me from .a very: early age to take part in the decisions made in our home and to assume responsibility for my actions. . But I still ‘find I have many problems. I, do many @iings automatically which, if I >ever thought about, I wouldn’t agree with. We are all socialized, ,Nobody; not the.:most radicai of the radicals, can-get _ away from his socialization process. As \far. as that articleis concerned; ‘I was trying to make .a lot of points in that article, hot just that maybe it w&i&l be better to net desires-the big flashy car j simply, because it’s big and,flashy,‘which many of-us do. I -was also% trying to talk . about;the alienation of m&from his work. __Cur. work-is something which we put up with. We say to ourselves we will work because’ we have to have ‘fx”? and “x” may \ be feeding our children or+ buying ,; bread, or buying,:,.what little recreation r we, may f-l&.,‘ BGh thei & y&lm &\‘:i,j$3 : isn’t really’ very good either,$thdugh: we ‘, often tolerate it so we -may accomplish :1 “x”. The fam.ily breakdown. is very much ~1 a: droduct of our,, society today. l&&, really doesn’t know how. to enjoy himself. f y$s tryi,ng to get at those ‘things in: that .article a$ well&nd I $@a.’ trying to, show just hew bad ‘things are. you see,’ there are some really ‘great alternatives~ _ ’ today. . .“. ..’ ’ Cybernetics,, or the computer’ control df computers;‘ may free., man from the firoduction line; fr@.Just s@,@ly ,+crew-’ ing bolts: It ‘may finally, *and .bnce again for the first. ‘time inhistory,’ free hirr$ for leisure,,do w:hat he wants.: Today that would’Ibe= a ‘problem ‘Most of us wouldn’t ,know what to, da with our-: selves if ‘*we weren’t told to’ toil. We wouldn’t, knoti. hawk, to- work of ,ou?‘o’wn: free &oici i~~~~wet’en’tforceri;in~~,~orpe ,+rt .of’ &&of: I don’:t think. beings _editor J of the $hevron is ~oil,;,i~~~S:.\~~,t~~~ ; s:t -: -. . .. . _ 1 I -, .,”i,.. -_ I 1

only a ,few people who graduate from _ - : :I university-not even 25 percent ,-wo&l .-:I know how’ to wdrk if. they had their own J .%.I,A/ time.’ : But take a look at the working man. He ‘, _ : 1 wouldn’t know what to do. He would be at’ ’ -!i+*l a loss., You know; if he’hada guaranteed . ” ’ :-/ minimum wage, if’ he had that paycheck - ‘.:. i come in’ every. week and he could go o&t ,I-41 aud ,ju t -find some way to make use ofi ,,: ‘: . ,i himsel e where. he would contribute toi ~ :.‘::: 1

to find it because the computer and ‘;_- _ <I technology is here to stay. It can be us$d! , -1; to’ free\ man if we want it @.-I think we _I ._ 1- 1 can restructure the public: school and the +a“‘1 high school so that’ people ,going through ’ I- 11 that experience find things that th$y are ::. ::.:j:: interested’@. At the present m,oment the ‘-a _j __^‘{ public schools and the high schools ar$1 L1_j frightening places. They are places wh& -“‘,’ :“--! thel,only. ’ thing people’ really learn. ‘,are “ :;! authoritarian’ values, and 1the fact th&‘, .->:; ; they can’t change things even if they want -‘-,:: ’ sj to. They have _to put up their ,_hand&f % r’ i they want to go, to the washrdom; $hey _ X- 1:,L1 are taught to sit in row by row, The auth- -_ %. . j ‘ority symbol; the teacher, stands at the .I. i .front of the room .,and tells them what ’ 1(1 truth is- and what virtue is,- and they. are >+..~ told what to study. . ’ ’ .’ a ,,-:ii 1 And\ ‘even in the ‘ so-called new br modern Ihigh schools, all they are really ( L.’ . ‘1 given is’a little bit more -r>f a choice, and ,‘i ‘what that choice is going to be’is decided, t { by other people, not by themselves. ,;W~e can restructure-the’ public schools-and the c high gchwls” to give pe8ple’ a -human kx~$ie~~~42, kt them find out for @~Q-J: .. SC$$?$. what they are. ,$&rested in. There a@? ex&$r$,&r$ like Summerhi&._on which we’rve already done an-article @‘the, :. “Ch’eeoq >ha.t -prove if %you give people’; #is- qhafpe. -i!> does; work. People are,not .k i naturally lazy;_ people -,naturally want to; .: . _ ‘:;+:l ,&@P;gge-in’ s@et&g., they think &$ u&& *‘~‘~i$ ‘>{

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Are you a doer, a th$ker, ti prober, an innovator, Ta leader, a follower, a-doubter, a starter, %t go-getter,” a “work-horse,. a’ hot shot . , . ’ _ ~ Whatareyou? ..- . . . 1 S - )-low da you .see yourSelf? _I _ I 1 ” Selco,is not? on-ly interested in your si=hoiastic discipl:n& but also in, ‘, -yOui ability to learn, to xhink, to apply.- W’e’d hear from Y&J: . ^ . ._I We think tie have somethinti:to--offer... .’ .--A

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_by Phil Elsworfhy ) Chevron staff


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The Beatles new album,‘ released a week ago today, shows &elf. to, be remarkable by its cover. -The cover is plain white, with “The ’ Beatles” in small .raised l&ters. It is a *surprising but modest package for two spectacular records. The thirty songs are an anthology of music from the ‘20’s to the present. In attempting these various styles, all the ,B!eatles show themselves to be musical geniuses. In a sense tile album is not progressive-at least musicallyboth on account of doing a survey, and because they use very little in the way of sound effects or extra instruments. It is apparent, however, that in most of the songs, ,the lyrics do not fit the music: either we,have Len‘1

by Paul Englert Walter Horsley

-Movies Oedipus II ‘I


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notice has been given of the foliowing amendments 2, Board of Publications: delete 2. IV.A.f. and re-

place with. “2.1V.A.f.


I 1

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of the Federation of Students; University of Waterloo, a corporation under the laws of-the Province of Ontario, to be held Monday, December 9,1968 at 7:30 p.m. in Room 201 of the Engineering Lecture Building, to appbint the Directors of the Federation in accordance with section 3 of by-law 1, and for the consideration of the following: Proper by-l&

I I 0

is Hereby



The staff of the Chevron may be defined at any time,by the foIlowing procedure: A staff committee appointed by the editor-in-chief shall - compose a list of names of staff members. An

and add “2.IV.A.g-.

The selection of the editor-in-chief of the Chevron shall be detern&ed by the following procedure: The chairman of the Board of Publications shall 1 . call for applicatibns for the,position in the Chevran by Januarb 15 in each year. All applications shakbe submitted by January 31. The chairman shall submit the applications to a meeting of the ’ staff-of the Chevron. The staff sh.all select one applicatit and shall submit thk selection through the cha’irman to the Students’ Council for . -ax +ification by the last day of February. Should the Students’ Council not ratify the staff ielection, the staff shali submit another name, following the same procedure. Thi? procedure shall be repeated until stikessfully completed. 2. 1V.A.h. The term of office of the editpr-in-chief shall be May 1 to April 30, except where the selection _ (jroc@ure’bf’2.1V.A+ has not been succeSsfully completed, in which cage he shall hold off ice until his SUCCeSSOr k appOhlted.” John BergSma, president

.~. -




Chevron staff



Oedipus the King which played at the Capitol was a fairly reasonable modern adapti of the ancient Greek tragedy.. - 3 The director avoided filming a play by applying techniques r;uch as flashbacks which are exclusive to the cinema. He was ably assisted by Walter t Lassally the director of photography who did such a fine on Tom Jones and Zorba the Greek. The filin however had quite a few flhws. The mixing of contemporary dialog with the classical dialog with the classical style was a r&take. The writers should have adhered’ to. either one or the other. Christopher Plummer as the king tedded to strut 0 and rave too much at the beginning of the film and as a result was not wholly believable as a penitant I .-at the end. Another mistake was the way’in which the chorus I-- was employed in the film. They vriere necessary in ’ ! ’ Greek drama. to act as narfators and link bet-

1 - Ia appeal committee consisting of the editor-in-chief of the Chevron, the chairman of the Board of ’Publications and one member-of the list of staff members, elected bj the other members of the I list, shall hear appeals against the composition of ii the list and shall render decisions which-shall be 0 final.”


non doing his Joycian thing, dr ’ and such odd trivia. The glossies else good lyrics with some social show graphically . how the relevance. heros are laughihg at ..the world On listening to the album, one. that makes thkm heros--they’re hears first the music, and ‘only gross. afterwards does one really take I What’s the point? Well in laughnote df the words, but both are ing at us, they are free to really contagious. While writing this -do their thing and not be inreview, I find that ‘I would rather hibited by what is termed listen to the album a few more acceptable. times. In thinking about the The album is recorded on j album, or hearing it, one gets Apple lable. For those who are more and more involved. Its uninformed, it’s the .Beatles’ own great! recopding company. The album One also finds the album to be is not exceptional ip the stereo a collection of other goodies end, this is because it is somelike eight by ten color glossy what more subtler than the mind pictures of the worl-d ,heros’ as blowing Sergeant Pepper album. \ well as a college with a weird . The Beatles have returned to type layout on one side, of pits, the four man barid, heavy beat, and the words to the songs on thing basically, though. still Beepthe other. I suppose this go,es ing some extras, and considering along with the thing people. this, it has a pretty good sound. have now of collecting posters

Clint Eastwood, the star of Donald Siegel’s Coogan’s Bluff, as in his four ‘spaghetti oysters’, managers again to portray a two ‘dimensional charact&. Still, even though critics find this distasteful, it comes off well in this particular police meller. Behind ’ all the excess violence and nudity i can be seen the shreads of Goda tough-mindI ard’s AlphaMe, ’ ed, selfish, superindividual pitted I against the sophisticated, orderly 1 state in all its red tape and conf’drmatism. Coqgan is an Arisona deputy, a desert lawman, sent to big, _ bad New, York to bring back a. criminal. But red tape stands in ‘his way, so Coogan bluffs his way into a hospital and escapes with his prisoner. Unfortunately, his prisoner escapes from him, thus pitting Cbogan against, all .New York, with its hoods, its’ hippies, and its neon lights. Coogan is an odd-ball, with his ten gallon hat .?nd, cowbpy boots; at least, every screw-ball in New I’ York tells him so. But Cpogan is not bothered by this, .he even



. ween actor and audience. The play when portrayed _ through the intimacy of the motion picture camera, has no real need of the chorus and therefore they see’m artificial. The exclusion of Everyman the narrator did not harm A Man For, AN Seasons and chopping the chorus would not have harmed Oedipus.

Lili Palmer succeeded in being both sexy and matronl-y and although her performance was not brilliant it was faultless. The supporting cast were all quite good but the . I films best performance was given by ,Orson Welles as the prophet of oom. The few moments that he. P was on the screen w@re the most compelling in the whole film. The reason that many found Oedipus a bore was the familiarity ‘of the an_cient story. The film, while not as bad as some critics indicate, could not overcome this obstacle and as a result fails as entertainment, .

looks down on it. This sets Coogan above rest. In the fast pace of big city life,, Coogan walks slow, talks slow, and is seldom prone to heights of emotion: he is cool: he acts as if he has just had a lopotomy. People will idolize Coogan, the simple frontier protagonist. The major reason) is that Ihe- has set up hi? own pattern of life, his own values- He is almost bigoted in his approach to life. As he says, “Everyone’s out to get as much as they can’.” No contrasting set of values is going to stand in ,his way. That’s the American ideal. Lee J. Cobb, giving the best performance in the movie, portrays the world-wary city cop to perfection. Susdn Lark, as the probation officer, is the only ,woman with any character in the film. Most are prone to be treated as objects, their most important attributes being their bare breasts. and buttocks. It’s odd to see the female presented in the movie as inferior. In a world where most men are paper shufflers the


woman tends to take over the domineering role. Movies are supposed to portray it as it is. But Coogan’s brings back the old ideal. Well...what’s wrong with l,iving a lie? What’s wrong with giving back men-their virility (at the expence of women, of cours6) ? ~ / u f f

Coogan is. a hard hitter. The bloodless villains in this one bleed profusely. Sam E.‘ Waxman’s editing, Bud Thachery’s photography, and Lalo Schifrin’s music, tho@h, tend to gloss over a great,deal of the excess violence and sex; and present a realistic picture of New York.’ Many subplots were introduced, 6ut quickly forgotten., the North American’s of values, and drug taking were all sloffed ‘off, weakening what could have become powerful social commeitary, and le,aving only a Bpicture. What a pity the critics are only going to think of Eastwood’s bad acting and all that nasty vjolence.




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an+ers. -1.fis -’B pla#f ’ of \ dthserva/ &e,,& -: oi t blockings “:ancl, timins. tidn r o&y. And t&s &quire+. som& /r’ w& ver.i-: ihpres& by the -ati: ? thought dn tee pert of the ,aqdie&e . ~ trances oi the $ods . through. ‘the .’X. ~;~h~d.hY COhChl&Oh ‘,&Ml be I au&nce from thi?“ v&ious’. ddors+, I .ok th&, theattjr. The &jhting< at ?&at -I __ -,

effdrt, to provide relevant and’ex: Within the conkxt of enterhinpoint . wFs @y’f” comp’imentiiry~ lraordinary theatre for this Famp.ud@ only .one spot on Wqng the ug. That stheater was let dowri techmerit Value Gerry Parowinchuk waterseller in &ids&n. to the nically in the production. It seems deserves great praise for his poria&s.of ihe gods. trayal of the Waterse/ler* , The, \ three i&minated that the t&o @gredieiits*can nkver Also -worth inention is, the Yigh$ / ‘come together in’a dece;nt mixtute It chacacterization was very close to- scene iq the shop in the first act. , .’ in an atiat&r productidn‘. :,’ BYecht and yet sensitive. It is the But let s explore the play as,it .I )ooked at the, audience’ as ,&ell wa%erseller, who acts as a narra,was writ@n. Bertold Brecht wrot.e as /the players arid its i-eactibn. tdT-chorus. Good Woman of Set&an and he And I came to some conclusiotis , Pat Conner was good as the. . called it i parable! for the: Stage, ,Gosd Woman. She was ho&vejr/ that will be rG%tioned quickly The writing is poet!ic 3s translated a littie to9 godd as the prostitute and then@@otten. ’ :. i &en so Breclit Sh en Te. She shone as Shen Te s ’ by ,Eric Bently%ut -There seems to be, some’ afflicalteregd Shui Ta and showed a true. %on.on this campus towards anyE felt’ his writing deserved a different form of acting. The Brechtian .,ability as .an actress in-playing in thing out of the :ordinary. Audientheory of ‘adting ,was, created and ces for prksentations have> -not Brechtian- fashion a woman playing from the th$&e farwaid 1 was -B m&n. Placed altogether in a _. been entirely. pl&asing so far -this seldom understood.. \. ’ season. One ‘of the greatest ar“-straight line, Pat tackled the role ,tists to4- @it .-this - .carnp+& Tony A@@Y~~ -ag+njfroni w&t fz CW: ’ --of, alp ac&r: ,playipg an actqr play’ understand and, I cg’nfeis to, those , ing a wdman pla$hg a &an_- ,Montanaro, @l&y&l t.o a Gery stial! *involve+, with the1‘p!aF my .research hotige and other produ&otis ‘have ~Paul, Frappier was- his best, is l@ite,d, the t@eocy+ has ,b,een ieft . considering the=Br&ht hangup, . suffered a similar fat&: Even for to theory .‘and 1poc’,dut-‘tqtaUy into the. o@,ening night of the first as the rich and dastardly barber, inajor dramatic production this prac{iee. Thsidea ‘Of; an acter, playShu F&l Mr. Frappier has.;a reing ;andIa&toT‘ p-ta ying a character -year, the audience was sparce. markable bnd . enviable t$e@ ’ as was mixed- &ith ove>tones of S&z&seem that this carinpus *an a&or for playihg’-not to but .@.ith It iwould ’ ford!” ‘greek .-“tragedy kand ‘ regu/a/: see Annie Get Your ah audi@@. .One tiipute you d&s- . -would-,r.ath& conven tionaj technique. \The end pise-hiin, tl&‘n@ minute you fe+ , -I +/1 th,an -sy-~d sdme tim% at +&It was -hiihly adceptahle byt \ sorry fbr’him. I -good thea’tey ’ $i$l’ ‘then ,-have “to i r@ “biecht”. think aboui it - for ,a little ybi!e the re&’ of ‘the ‘Usfoyttinately; ’ ’ was nomore than adequat& after. . _ 7 - Gosd woman, Of Sq@uan is the \ cast .f ” -But, more @sturbing to me ‘was . stotiy+f &. prostitute ‘in the villagk A ’ &~st s?age 3s admittedly dib o[ Setzua’n. &r name is Shkn Te the reaction of- the audien& at’ fit&P.-b .de4g&, but -obvicitis c@rGood Woman of Setzuan th<t!:-‘:. and -she , is kndwn &s . the goo$ rect bl’e &&ah& ruined ^the’ viswoman because she helps others. ._ ( ?- .>a sThur@ay night. The idea of Brech-. -She is visit&l by three ,god$ whe ufl &~~en!htion* The use Of fhe .tain theater is t!, be obvious. Th& \:jluge whit& p’iojpctidn scieene as are- looking for shelter and alsd dissociation of audience form liof gooG7: persons . since it has’ a pari o) the Iset’was, not ~oMy display. 4hrough qcting technique is tracting to th’e eye but unneces. _. ; f been -decreed that the world cati-\ sw$ose$ to make . the atidience *-’ Stimething more * &thetiT otjjective.. -They are not -as in ! not continue. to exist unless 8 cer-- . sarr could have 1 been done with‘ ma-l tairi i number-‘%f good people are ot@& , productiobs tb be;come- in;t&ial of thb ’ kihd irsdd for fhe \.* found. . . ’ .’ + L Wved- with. the play -em&ion@y. They pay her - fbr the, night s . framedp’atform* ,.,’ 4 This ac’dount&-for’7th$ ~simpl<. ’ lodging ‘and with the money @e ~ .I underst+nd humour I .tl@ pGrv+es the ‘play that ‘l&echt -wants decidqs to buy a tobacco shop:a?d the audience dissqci&$ from *the and t@e slipping in and cut -4 try.30 lead ‘-a go?d life. The, prob- K play: This.bould natufa@ reqtiire acter by. +tor,,I in qrd?r. to ’ ‘Y- , . lem- arises tihp her friends and a. nonrealistic. set: .This does nst .J’ a>distinct poi@. -relatives take. adyantage of her Iin,: exclu~~;~~e’pdssibilit~ (qf visual 4 Th6$ ;,&$ IYJX&~. m&aggs \ 3he play. Few df them were. re? money. and- h&b kindness., !3tie ,’ appeal.: .yor floes-, it: mean‘.; t$t finds. it ~necess$ry to diyide he!: ‘stage* @ne’ry ‘techniques must be ceived. ‘And this was ,-not’ :due to \ ’ activities:into two separate perso!- ’ overedpliasiied,, It’ v&.etther. that , *afiy .Jiack- of a,cting ability &‘.‘tlie alities And tak%s on, the ideptity part q$’ any actors $I, the, si$ge. or the flooK. b&atids on the platform of a fictitious cousin Shvi Ta who yere badly painted. And -@as ther”*e 1_. The sjmple f&t ,was’...few’ people is an alter-ego.+He .performs the . a great;ti&d bothered to qttend and ,-of tho$e, to-be so nondescript. , , few understood tiglf of what Brecht” ; hard ta&s, <of ,life ,2inq ._makes . about the SetV Those that I did ’ ‘certain that Shefi-,T?i’$ ‘w$lfare is ‘AI@ ‘s&-&tie should 1be Xalk<d + hid. --in mind, ’ assured.- Shen, Tai triesto regu&.t‘e _ to &bout t!G -scaf&lding idea’ ‘which’ unde+aAd and- r&OglliZe ‘the ’ hei *life withi~~~~~~~‘context_~f:f.this . was v$edx wheri three gods w&ted points made weire not \go distur$ed,, I ’ ’ 1 : . @lit @eP~on$i.t$. _J*’‘*;‘., ’ _~~‘l<~@w~the sCpge and a&end intO ’ and Of ’ mOFe - @?P?rt+nce, will ’ he8%‘.i’“Ifi‘the ’ audience ‘is to ie- 1 probably. I never (lo ; anythin’g, to _At t& ye& I&f they&y ‘>#e finds &lajte+ tlie theme to t)ieir lives. ?hey r&t ’ not tie’ . 2 that, &he, &i&&t” .&p &’ he gods’.- $$a;n $acid: .that she hai ~&fi’~~~~~$&&. &f . ‘tempt@ ip,td lau&ing -eQ?cially , . BW t&is is the fat&of most plays. ->My ,~i~sapp$~tti~ht~ tp~b from , the US? ~f$$~ &&&&: The g@i’ 2at god@8@bi#g liddeys,. ,I Ligl#ing:‘$%&s $&ied but some- ,. the fact that this- is a”hniuer#y cannot’ hui”,’ heyThe y’jenWnl albof populated silppgsedly by lintel& i&$equate’ in places ‘such at@ idea/&t. “T&y , warn -her tti: ‘tihtit gent tl$n@g7 people. Spmkthiqg /f j l*/j($&$q<;* @h&n “she. -@+&ts thai‘ . ‘ag:over.t~~~oo;tbge. . I ; M&ke$p:f :w&S ‘.‘w$~ good.* Mr.7 .tior$, should be h?ppGnirig on, this-c she canfiot- be’ good; iirrd pay th6’ campus~s~~~thing_worthw~ilePa.rowin@& ‘s makeup in ptir& rent I &I? ” the *same .firtot%’ ‘they. say1 ’ _. lib,e thinking. cular! tias excellent an,d -tienti@ . t L , _. 1Y‘, , a~ *I& nei& &dd&%,@co_/iomics. ‘: ..- / Such i’s ‘tpe &ne oSC‘the phqr: /t shodl’d. -be made of the -fine: job,.‘! ’ ‘#n , toXa/ . ihe ‘- audi&ce : ‘was fof Shui- t- amused. Bqt * throkgh no fault of de& in- idea/s’ and :p$@w$tq: real- ! dons on Canner s’ n&k ._ ‘ : .‘.I :’ .” the play, or-the SiGtors it was not iit piobteti of ,being a %a* in, a’ Ta. ) ‘1’ ,.,‘%zjd” .&&$d. ‘.&does I , . =

D&i&& ’ not- && _ -any I _. .; . -._ : =

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4-I,It &ems the fate l -of ’ all. radical

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-’ ’ _, lf.r&n ihe no&p “1 ‘ .depart+res is. to kuffer~atta&s tibout. I cirrelevant things, ._ ’ \ , ,. , . . ! , / .

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Hillsburg Ontario, began in 1966 as an answer to, what many thought was a stifling and non-human school system. The people in the’ community make no claims to having the final ans&er an4 freely admit their conqepts change as new individuals become involved. : I Perhaps it is application ‘of ‘this ,open attitude in methodology which sets Everdale I apart from our educational system. Everdale Place is <most difficult to describe, At first glance one tends to dismiss the school as both disorganized and aimless. As one becomes more,- familiar the organization becomes clearer until. it. can be. seen that what is lacking is not organization; but the compulsion to participate in an ‘.‘organization’i :whfch the;in& ’ c : vidual has had no say in developing. _ _ - ‘. , __TM structure of the community has come from its“ members rather than from those outside: - the community. .. -, _ - . *.. The students and staff (that distinction may not be ’ . altogether valid) are not without aims.. ‘Rather,’ their aims are not channeled along rigidlines. , * * +., Everdale has, ttio types of orgdnizational themes. The first of. these is-the communal ‘organization herent to the frequent cbmmunity meetings. , .

’ It is the aim of 0Ur e&cation system to , “(transmit) our _ common culture, ‘I. and to produtz?. ‘graduates w.hose at.. titudes are consistent with the free society in whidh we live. * a.’. (Ho,n: Wm. Davis, July 1467). , - “We (Everdale Place) may be small but we*re a superschool in the sense that we must become deeply involved with each other . A.. we. operate- with o-n/y ,a couple of rules of thumb-be suspjqiousof entrenched__ ,,.-por;\iter : and? literally, -‘,2 -1 ‘-,I keep in touch. The rest .<s’i@@rovised. ‘J’ (Bob Davis, This Magazine is,abo.ut-4 -- Stihoolsj ’ Sumnier 4966.1 1




‘each persons organizing of hislife to his own sati i.cfae * tion within boundaries which he, as a member ofl-ihe community, has helped to-determine. This harmonious amalghhation of interests is- o,,,nn VI n\F the unique features which has made Everdale as successful in the fields of education and personal relationships as i&s.



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A short acquaintance ~with Everdale people proves they are not confined by, any singular, highly structured aim. And though the “aim” may be nebulous, there’ is ’ a frightfully intense desire to achieve whatever the aim maybe.


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’ in-“’ . ’ I. /’ These meetings allow all members of the commun-, ity ta express their opinions and determine policy. on questions which may concern everything j from I_’ I, matters of everyday financial policy to the method of selecting new staff and students. It is this type of organ- ’ . ization which ensures that all- members of thecommun2 ity participate in the tasks of running the community. I



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The initial confusion comes from the fact that ‘in on!y one regard 2s this aim common to all. This common aim is t,he collective preservation of their community and *of t,heir own individuality in a social climate they view as hostil.e:-” ‘I ‘It is this ‘particultir problem which seems jto lend such an air Of urgency- to much of the informal talk and, dis-. _ c f 1cussion. The -feeling urgency is noticeable ,among those who have drawn into themselves as-well as those who have - .become extroverted 1enough ’ to take a. strong interest in the #workings of the community without yet thinking about what wil-lcome after, ’‘. -

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‘dents are allowed to swear. Ignoring for the moment that in the long run this is a very insignificant action, an examination of the fact might prove interesting,

2, AFREESCfJOOcL plating ger.


the feeling

of urgency


is even stron-


One of the arguments often heard against such .educational freedom is that when students are not “made to work and study” then they will not “learn” anything. There are two very good -arguments against objections to the free school type of education. First, making @dents attend classes ‘in no way insures that they learn anything. Anyone who has ever daydreamed his way through a boring ,class can accept ., ’ the reasonableness of this proposition. Everdale can advance a -far more However, concrete and happy rebutal : their L record. Students who have done nothing in the-public educational system; then perhaps even nothing at Everdale for the first months suddenly-for their own reasons-discover themselves completing their schoolmg in half the regular time. * * ‘*

*** If one does not draw the analog too far, Everdale Place might be compared to a small town. Its members are a tightly knit group which view themselves as quite separate and distinct from the rest of society. in

This, however, does not mean, that the community is narrow minded. Actually, rather than relying upon the larger, more general society to superimpose values from above, the school adopts values from within itself. From this introspection have come values radically different from those found in the surrounding society. Emotional honesty is perhaps the most evident of these values. Feelings of love, anger and hurt are all expressed rather than repressed and because of this the inhabitants have little patience with phonies. This open expression of feelings is only one of the three main principles of Everdale philosophy. The open expression of feelings, individual freedom where it does not conflict with that of others, and lack or to maintain one s of corn-pulsion to “produce positionare certainly not what is common to the public school system in Ontario. Yet Everdale’s using these ideas has proved not only that ‘they work in the educational sense, but that the people leaving the school are far happier than those iust starting.


Such freedom has fostered a sense of responsibility wherein members of the community will forego desires ‘which would not be in the best interests of Everdale Place.

Among all students however, one reaction is certain. When considering being sumarily removed from Everdale, they become very frightened. They are not sure they can function in society. It is ‘not primarily non-acceptance they fear; rather, they assume their background nulifies any chance of reconciliationwith society, and therefore a return to the standard school system would be impossible., In understanding the school it must be understood‘the standard stratification of student, teacher and administration is not present. The resulting “community is one entirely without labels. . An inherent characteristic of this .community is rule by consensus. Decisions of concern to the whole community are taken up at regular or special meetings. A vote is seldom taken at these meetings because decisions are -a process of having reached general agreement. While experience and relevant knowledge are taken into consideration,, nothing is accepted as irrefutable just because a specific individual happened to make the suggestion. _

The school may be called a self-contained society that it is emotionally and intellectually introspective.

Swearing is carried on in a manner which can best be described as casual. It is not considered ‘smart and no great importance is attached to the fact that some people swear and others don t.

freedom’ to study anything and then chose the manner of studying as well. What is even more important to’ the members of the community is the right to live and act naturally without incurring silent pressure to conform to the standards that have become acceptable to the school community as a whole.


Perhaps the best argument. for Everdale is a visit there of-several days. When you consider what fourteen and fifteen year-olds are normally expected to accomplish and then see what they are accomplishing at Everdale, the free school concept becomes acceptable to nearly everyone. It seems to be the fate of all radical departures from the norm to suffer attacks about things which are rather irrelevant. So it is that much’criticismhas been leveled against free schools merely ,because their stu-


This attitude has removed any ‘glamour. or heroics from the act of swearing. What is important is that it is done honestly with none of the infantile smirks which often characterize’ the use of this language in the reguI* lar type of school, Honesty, then has allowed the language to be used without stifling the desire to increase the individuals “acceptable’ vocabulary. Most have a much wider “acceptable’. vocabulary than other students of this age group. Everdale may not be a place in which all students would fit. It is however, more than an escape route for those who are unable to function in the regular school system. . Less than one fifth of the students at Everdale are there because they had no other place left to go. The remaining ones are there. for a variety of different reasons. Among the opponents and, proponents, and among the staff and students at Everdale Place there is not , much agreement about just where the school fits into’ the educational spectrum. Some feel it is a viable alternative to the present educational, system and others feel that it is not-if for no other reason than its physical impossibility. With all the description affords, it might appear stand. But in’ spite of all still remains something be understood. Without ing” can only bexas valid ception of snow. ’ .

of Everdale that argument to be an easy place to underthe comment, Everdale Place that must be experienced to this experience, “understandas a Sahara tribesman s con-

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*** Freedom is one of the key words in the ‘Everdale philosophy. Much has been said about the fact that students are allowed the option of attending or not attending classes. However, this is only a small part of a much more comprehensive philosophy. Class _.freedom







December I

6, 1968 (9:33) L.<‘:’ :--. ; I

‘563 15 2 ’ i.<_


pi; -eatpras ’ /

-is an, %vening. F-$ntertainment put : on by the ity ‘of Waterloo, chorus liar choir assisted ‘by the ymphony, all ‘under ’ the n 1 of ,*Mr. Alfred ‘. Kuni~ musical die&or. ’ ,_ 1i will be, carol singing,, &id

- Fantasi


y --is:., nerve. s

-11 :---.

by various members of the choirs ’ ./- %nd again Christmas carols to ,. &comp&y’th* readi&. ’ :_ . I The- main theme ,of ,the festival ’1 is the ;development of. the loving ’ purpose of ‘God from creation-to the incarnation: i. ScriIj;ture read. ingS. are .-alternated *with. carol

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by Phil Elsworthy Chevron staff

In 1955 The Kitchener-Waterloo society of artists and some interested people got together in order to form a gallery with the help of Mr. D.M.C. Shaw, art instructor at Kitchener-Waterloo Collegiate. They were allowed by the highschool board to use a small building, formerly a bicycle shed, attached to the K-W Collegiate. There the first exhibition, consisting of works of Tom Thompson on loan, was held in September 1956. After 12 years the high school board forced the gallery to move. Since plans for a new civic center and art gallery would not be ready for a few years, they were obliged to look for another building. At the time the Pentecostal Tabernacle Church at 43 Benton Street was vacant. It was bought by the Kitchener Rotary Club and loaned for 10 years to

the gallery because they realized its need for financial ‘help and because they were interested in its work with school children. (Tours are given and there are also art lessons Saturday mornings for eight to ten weeks each term ) . Financial support is also given by the city of Kitchener and the Ontario Council, but the gallery still needs more money for renovations, lighting and proper wall panels. Therefore there is a voluntary admission fee to the gallery of 25 cents and annual memberships are available at reasonable cost. This month the gallery has an exhibition of art nouveau, and the K-W society of artists exhibition, both opening today. In the basement is the Gallery Shop, where Eskimo prints, reproductions, jewellery and pottery are sold.

photos by Dave X Stephenson Chevron staff

^ Curator Mrs. Middleton

studies a scupture in exhibit.

Secretary Mrs. Hodgson hands painting fi)t” Friday,


6, 1968 (9:33)

..,“....~I_ .“-showirlg.



early. _He succeeded fqr awhile ay recreationai curling league. [e defeated, yayne , Steski. : 4-2 - but. Cooke ‘was finally able to r’e~ I& yek ‘to,pick upthe title.. : II move it and -sneak in behind Both Steski ‘and Cooke‘ could j ‘some cover. When “Steski rmssed ‘. ’ r tai&out attempt onceivably have , been bea ten j a long raise ut iii their divisions- if* they ‘had< j Cooke had ‘the . ,single an,d the ist their final outings. However? , game: ‘ - _’ 1 1e.n both .w-on their games by Curling with . Cooke _- on’ ’ the ’ fault; they decided to ‘go rahead chahpionship. . rink were. lead ’ d,play the final game: -‘.. \ Loraiue Marrett;second Glen Fal$teS~j ‘picked Up an -Opening kner ahd third Bob , Jackson. ’ ._ d ‘single whe Cooke failed to _ S&ski had Dave Bunton at lead; Ir gotiate some 9 rant,, cover with Wendall Fisher throwiiig second ’ 5.last stone, After blanking the stone and Linda Hay playing Fond .-frame, Cooker came back tie it up in the third. A Steski third. r, I I . Igletonin the fourth gave Cooke : New: teams ’ ‘will . commence,,/. ;t rock in the fifth’ and he took ’ play in a ‘new’ competGtion the ~ 11advantage by drawing for a , second week in January. Regisace; a,< *. .’ tration will take place January : , ,I Co,ming home one down with iand 9 at the Srauite. L . ., . . , ‘I’.-- T ‘_- , ~-_ _‘. . , ’ 1 *. ~ ‘. ’ \ .

The right boo@ and bincji-tigscan

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And our boots .and bi.ndings are the-pick qf the \i&y l.ajeg,.models,

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The Waterloo Athenas are off to ndsor this weekend for more igue play. ’ . In Friday night, the volleyball uad will be looking for a repeat rformance of. their win over the ndsor girls iu. exhibition play itweekend. _ _~“* , ’ /= In Saturday ’ morning, the hasCball team will be seeking i renge for their stiff 47-25 defeat .’ the border-town girls. The Wind: - team is by far the strongest in 3 western divi&on of the league

and a win ‘for the Waterioo.‘girls 1. would indeed open up -first place. , for the Athenas. h Both the basketball and volleyball Athenas are unbeaten in league play. . : The Athena aquamaids will join the .balI teams on the. trip ‘for an exhibition swim meet .,against Windsor. This will .give them a . chance to test the temperature of .&he Windsor pool which will be the site of the league in February. . , . I 1

safety;‘&nd. when you brjry from us you’re assured of exqC$fit,‘aiid .. +recise mounting. - -’ ,. ;

j s . I . _ These are Ih& and .maneuver I . I .I I ... virtually .do all .. The super4ight


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skis that‘ turn y so easily they \ of the work -fob you.~; 260’ sells for $150. .Thg:: :,

for heavier-&



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The basketball Warriors will -Henderson, Ed Petryshyn, Dick Aldridge, whose knee mended get their first real test and some too late to play for the Argos but of the country’s stronger teams in time to play a little basketball, will get a chance to show. their Neil Rourke, Bob’ Eaton and stuff in the Tip-off Tournament Pando himself could pour in a lot. being staged today and tomorrow in the new gym. Pando,- who played for the The Warriors play their first Warriors ‘from 1960 to 1967 and game this afternoon at 4 pm scored 1523 points in 140 games when they take on the Mount to rank as all-time Warrior scorAllison Mounties from Sackville, ing leader, was called upon to New Bunswick. Loyola Warorganize the squad when a late riors meet Guelph Gryp,hons in cancellation ~created an opening - the opener at 2. in the eight-team line-up. Following the Warrior game, the Carleton Ravens will meet here for one-year phy&ed stints in the Acadia Axemen at 7 and the 64-65. At the time; Petryshyn had Waterloo grads will take ‘on the a deadly hook shot. Both have Sir George Williams Georgians at being playing a lot of ball in 9 pm. Toronto. Semis and finals in the champAldridge lwas a steady, back-i ionship and consolation events court man, teaming up with Panwill be held tomorrow. The condo, during the ‘65 and ‘66 camsolation, final will go at 7 pm paigns. Eaton and Mike Power _ with the . championship were around during the 65-66 seat0 f0ii0w. son as was Don Collins. ’ An old-timer on the team w.ill Tuesday’s Chevron stated that there was a two be John Kuntz who was a Warrior in 1963. . dollar admission to two games. Actually, the two buck ducat will More recent veterans on the -squad will be Rourke, who played J (provide admission to all ten - games in the tourney. Single last _ season, and Walt Finden, games cost 75 cents with, the ex- who is still on campus. ception of the finals which are a The team is being coached by current Warrior assistant coach dollar. Season tickets provide free admission. Clem Faust. ’ ! One team which could provide The Warrior grads will probably take a little time to become, a lot of entertaining basketball is the group of Warrior graduaccustomed to their surroundings this week-end. Their old home ates being <assembled by former Waterloo star Bob P&o.: \\ in Seagram Gym could hold 609 spectators. The new gym can ‘% Provided they have been stay; handle approximately 4566. , .ing, in shape, gentlemen like Tom __

For the past two seasons the ‘:;I Warriors have,. been engaged in with 3Toronto -a*,fierce ( competition I Blues in hockey. This fall they _i.beat the Blues out in both track and cross-country. Now the War.-’ riors must extend this rivalry to rl volleyball. Going into, tomorrow’s third and last western division OntarioQuebec Athletic \,Association tour-, - nament, the Blues are the only team the Warriors can catch in the standings.. r Following last week-end’s tour( ney at _ Western, Waterloo was firmly ensconced in, last place in . the five-team competition with a single point. ’ , They were defeated inall eight games last Saturday. Guelph leads the. way ‘with 14 points, picking up seven wins at. each of the two tournaments to’ date. McMaster,is second- with 11; one ahead of Western. - Toronto sits back with the Warriors with four points. r ’ The top two teams~ advance to the OQAA final in Ottawa next month. ,--Waterloo’s single win so far came in the first round against the ’ Blues. Last’week, however, Var-

Thursday night hockey/: : 5 -I Waterloo: a Western:

> were. pr&pared > .. e ‘ When the harrier Blues travelled i

to the league championships at Guelph last month, they didn’t bother taking the trophy along. they anticipated Apparently another win. , TOO bad - the Warriors won the,. title. W,hen , the trophy, .arrived here it was already ‘engraved, awarding the crown to Toronto. /

All set to face the onslaught of eight basketball teams this aftertioon, the floor in the new gym looks as though it never heard of August downpours. The seats on the near side are complete. Those on the far side rnti$ not be. It’s still one of the best in Canada.

Renison whys ~wiestling; ’ cl&g in en inch by.Norm

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Sergeant Phys-Ed; 184-191 lb. - P. Spittal, Eng. A ’ 133 Chevron staff - Renison ; unlimited - K. Keeling, St. Jerome’s 1 ’ I 1% , * ‘Men’s wrestling competition .Arts. Village North 110 ” was completed recently and Ren,,roilowing are present Fryer ‘, Village East 103 ison walked away with&hecha~m& ‘: T&j@hy @andings ‘*’ with - eleven ; Arts 98 . ionship by gaining 29 points ‘in eve& ‘completed ’ plus _ hockey Village South- :’ ” % 92 ,’ sity set the Warriors down l5-6, the team competition, compared points at the ‘end of league play. comop 63 ‘:I 15-o. to 19 points for phys-ed in second This week’s hockey play-off reConrad Grebel -56 Guelph, - who lost _only to Mat spot. St. Jerome’s came third suits are not included. \ 54’*. Science the first time out, picked, up their I with 13 points. The overall hockey champions Village West ’ 45 one loss against an imprqved Weswill increase their total shown The top wrestrers in the various tern squad which was playing at A major change is in the works 1 events: here by 20, points. The runner-up in the scoring of intramural ehomelast week. . and the. semi-final loser will go up Under 115 lb.-P. Dube, Renison; It is still wide ‘open at the top vents for the purpose of awarding _ 115:123 lb.-B. Edmunds, Renison; by t@% . theZFryer > is each team‘ can pick up a-max131-137 lb. - C. Gappa, St. Jer-- Math 174 imum of eight Ipoints tomorrow. Until now ‘participation points, , ome’s ; 146-152 lb. - H. Glemser, Renison ’ 169 at the rate of one per ‘competitor The,, Warriors will have to knock 150 - off ,a- couple of the top teams, as Math; 153-166 lb. - A. Caruso,, St. St. ‘Paul’s , i’ per unit, have been figured into I. \-I _ 1.61-167 lb.. : R. Fischer, Eng. B _. 143 the-standings for determining winwell as Toronto, if they hope to, Jerome’s; Phys-Ed; 168-177 lb. - -D. ‘Martin, Phys-ed . ,136 * ners in, individual escape the cellar. , events such . as golf, archery, tennis and track. ..:] ’ , . II I Participation points have not been Asia , \Nar&f~ &Ow;na w,well . awarded for teamevents. - 1 .~ / IW I . , While encouraging a greater \ turn-out of competitorsthis system _ ’ i: Then, van Sickle, Straka, Page provide competition and practice The swimming Warriors made 1 has resulted in certain highly ori and Roy combined for a fourth in ~ leading up to the ‘OQAA ’ champtheir first I competitive appearionship meet at McG.ill in late ’ ganized units stacking their entry * the 2OO:yard sprint relay. ante last week-end and the results to; pick up points.. Any attempt to Waterloo also was fifth of 12 February: The meets’should proalthough not prompting comparit thrills. ‘. ’ put a ceiling on a unit’s entry ’ in the Xl&yard breaststroke re- vide some. great spectator son with the Santa Clara Swim : d,,All dual and tringular meets would dissuade -participation, : ’ ,’ . lay. IClub,‘were encouraging. are strictly exhibition and simpwhich obvlouSIy would -go against / .’ Queen’s University surprised The event was the Gueiph l&vithe philosophy of the intramural ; and practational Relay meet last Saturday\ with a strong showing at / the ly provide competition tice leading up to the OQAA Program, meet. Other schools in attendance which attracted six Ontario-Quej meet at McGill ,in . The -proposed bet Intercollegiate Association -were M&aster and Western a- championship solution would - -I long with host Guelph. . . \ _._ be two different competitions. The ->-*I ! teams. ’ late February. The meets should Tomorrow, the Warriors hold provide some ,great spectator Fryer race, the more pr@stigioks _’ I As- expected the strong (as in the season’s first dual meet -as thrills. everything else) Toronto squad -event, would be. bised solely’: on -; Recreational swimmers should York University comes visiting. rysults ‘of,’ the :various events -’ : .; dominated the meet. No official Next week-end they ,host a team note. that pool time , willbe pr& ‘* without standings were kept- so. it was any consideration’ of:( I , empted during the next two Sat-~ participation. . , ’ : I’ .,-;-.-;I*- ‘: difficult ‘to rate _-the Warriors’ from Ryerson. All dual and< ; triangular .-meets urdays to make way for these: performance overall but a coupl>e . A,: second” trophy;-would be set :‘ 1. are strictly exhibition\ and simply two events. * ” . , ~ of results showed promise. up to be awarded to the&it with _Their best ~showing was in the the ,highest ’ total participation, :A j 466;yard sprint medley, in. which including -all’ team sports. If this I ” .I the four swimmers raced freesystem is put into effect,, all totalsY 7. :j style legs of 160, 50; 50. and 296 would be revi.sed ‘retroactive $0 _ _‘! The National. B ‘hockey team - Fans will be. particularly. inyards. The Warrior team of Mike the beginning of the fall semester. ‘.\ -._j will be in Waterloo December 14 terested in the appearance of at, McMillan, .~Pete Straka, -Warren ‘At a, meeting of 8the ;Men’s In-’ ., ” ’ i for. an exhibition match against .least one member of the national Page and ‘.‘George . -Roy j came ., > ’ s uad. Bob Murdoch, wh,o :made tramural Athletic Council h&l 0 .i third,’ missing second spot by. the Warriors. ’ .The aIUlOullc@lYletii't came from th% first all-star team la&season November ,2! the winter -prqg-g ,. one-tenth of a second. this‘week. _. as a Warrior ram was tentativ&y,,jlanned. “A$ _. defenseman;, is toilThe team, also picked- up -L ~ the athletic department The game. will be played <at the ing this year for the Ottiwa-based the present time.;. the following , 1! : couple of fourth place finishes. -. Waterloo Arena, the Warriors’ team. >. activities-are scheduled: archery,, , One came in” the &Q-yard indiyi, home rink. ” : : (’ ‘, %’ badminton, basketball,. billiar%,ii;, 7 :i dual medley relay, in which each The B’s leave on a: European Admission : to the <game will be, curling, hockey, handball, -flo& 4- 1 ’ swam a ,lO&yard individual medley students tour Christmas day to join the hockey, skiing, squash, swimming -: ~ , leg; Dave van Sickle, Pat Mc- two dollars, ’ although 1holding season athletic tickets will A team. ‘which is already -over and ,diving, table tennis,, volleyI: 1; K@@, J&x Gob&y ,’ a& .ROY I be admit&c&for ,&If ptf&. , - .’ ~ih+%!f-s, ‘1‘’ _‘I. :- . ::,aI balt’and,waterpolo.. .,~,, :;,, ; ,I. . ‘-; combined to nail that one down. -1, ..,I:.!





.th-e Liquor




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.-: .- HOST:, PEiER T\ PACLARIS’ Invites You To, Take Advanta$e of 10% ,DISCOUNT. on S-TI/DENT~ MEAL -P I

. the entire class with the excephalf a dozen or so didn!t even. the students V’< ’ ’ .bat -an eyelash: I decided- perhaps themselves were unable ‘,to detect when Dr. Lef-. . ‘s ~court ‘began -moralitiing by drawing upon his’ own *. set of values and when he actually lectured:.







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Charlottevon\&xold,C&il:i&tt and1approach-- My“atie js Adq/fFichmVn- ,



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by telling hi,rns$f -it’s. era1 sit back and rational& not his fault but the wikl”of the people? I. ’ Perhaps I can better -illustrate my point with thispoem by Thomas Merton.

ed him for .individual reasons and asked for &orn% , 7 The - .Jews came etiery day, _. time to express our dissident views. After a briefdisI.\’ ~@?~~~~~?~~~ w”“‘d be __ ’_ . Y j cussion in. his office. he graciouslv bowed to our The mothers vere qu% ingenious. requests, as long as we dialt &h”some aspect of h3rcnnsS p.,l


T&y vqufd take the children and hide- them in byndles of drot&ng. . 5, Ve fount+ the children, _ scrubbed them, .



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When the time, came to face the class, I quoted ’ &om a number of articles on the brutality of police .’ _. i /,‘in Chicagopo,’ among other developments. of fas-, \$ ps $sm in 1the I&S., on the circum#ances underlying I put them ;rii the &@mbers . --*, . *__!-~ -. .course, etc., in an attempt first tti retal.-j‘I.:: ~ ’ .1 Cleaver’s and healed ih;em in. iate against the naivety of Dr. Lefcourt’s initial’ 1 vtitched through the&.tholes ._, , . _’ .. .;” statements and.eventually to tie up%hese events to. as they would d&en and Chant - ’ what Dr. Lefcourt himself jvas perpetuating, con- - c - %~y, m&n tiebe, .heyygi.*’ %’ _ _’I >’ ? , - .’ km f. 1’ *. _I ._’ Ve &ok off their clean jekish. love-rings, I ‘,-’ . 1-S&usljr or uiicons&usly. .._ x; ’ *a .I, However, before I was able to conclude; I was .-i ^) removed tbe(r teeth and-h&jr-. ‘lof&‘.. . .,; ^* *iTgently interrupted when discu&ing a request the -- for strategic &fence. * . ,.L* . American ’ I F: .“r. Psycho-physiological Association by a U. j &+iFs&i o& of them,. _ ’ -, -- v., .-;,.+g rad representation on their . !I;ate stud,enJ for:student ! mad soap oht of all of ihem; :*.-. i. .- _’* -~3ma-rdf -Da.\ Lefcourt ~~pointed43ut ,tQjmj @$Jhe l$@rd I .%.pdlhey, ... ‘-~~.” ._ i -‘ ‘- . *-;?,‘..$A: .- I. ,-;. ~;;“~+;-::~ .-I. ~11 $$onsisted of honorary members who ‘8ttiined‘ this ” in fii~l r;ie;li, 0.f the fi&b% i&d. .,:>--..,,: ‘: ‘L-?-.y.; .‘.,,: I .p . .: : ~_* i + . i ,’ t position due to dedicated service and that therefore People say, . _P student representation was nonsense since the-board - -. ..Ad&f Eichmann should have been hurig!” , _’ ,G was honorary andhad ‘no political function. ; Ner’n. ~’‘.- “:h:’ He then asked.for questions from the floor which _ 1 Nein, if ydu reqognrie the whoredom , . I_.-‘I ,‘1’.’ !‘subsequently put an ‘end to my talk. I was unable in. all of you, i someof the?questions v >:,.;c- <I$to answer to my satisfaction that you &o+d have ddne the/same, _( _ _ . I. . %&posed; * and I would have: appreciated it if anyln’ if y& dared know yourselves. , .,_.. . --,- :wterested persons had come 4.o me ,‘after the let. my defensez ’ . ’ : c ‘;;--pj :;- . .-I~ .‘f-ture for any clarification. : Only one individual both: I -I vas a &die?: . 9”s.:.* :I*. ,:-.;*X* J i ered -to do so and I ,was asked, “What- were/you People laugh . a.’ ’ ,,1- p: ,.;?trying;to say down there?” “Ha ha! Thj’s k no defer&e, S i ‘,. I :,JT :The entire, incident was filed away in my mind un. that you ape a soldjer..” L +: i;;t til re.cently. when it wasbrought. to my attention by This is trite. * c:,;, $“k,:+ : +;jT ’ -.. \ ,.“_a colleague $of Dr. Lefcourt’s’ ~,and .a graduate t vas a soldr’er,. _c ,: -ENGFISHLtiTHER . .. . <>I ’ :! student ’ that Dr,! Lefcourt was upset about wheat I a good ‘soldie/. AFTER-SHAVE. $,:+,: i +,had done and that he wouldn’t be a bit surprised ” j /saw the end of a con&ntitius day’s.effort. Introduce him to . $ ’ $-that if he’ “should I _. _ 1 *;. ..3: be shot at” OF if ‘this house were ). / skw a// the work &at /did..,. something new: : 1 .-i.c> .‘_--,..-3 bombed’ ’ , I or ,@meone . like me, j. would likely be l,‘qdolf Eichmann, ENGLISHLEATHER % *I“‘c‘ r&ponsib#+ . / ,’ cLLi/ ‘. vat&e@ th&ugh the portholeq : ,‘ : 1 AFTER-SHAVE.Relps \-\/ : $ ’‘,These outrageous statements have. put the%ng heal iazornicband ‘. I -._



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ENGLlSi L~AJti’Eti.;i. :. =,--&J&H LEATHE& ’ 1 ALL PURP,GSE,LGWUti COldGNE . Your man w.ill appreNew from ENGLISH ciate qsplash uf ciassio . . LEATHERis a product : . ENGLISHLEATHER% created to last hour ALL-PURPOSELOTION. after hour: ENGLISH, Whei6ei used ’ -’ LEATHERCOLOGNE. scrapes . . . leaves the after-shaving, after lfgives him that extra’ skin moist and supple. lshowering or . fragranc.e note fcr Le! him discover the : ’ a4ter hours,- this sophis . those occasions’when Le. , benefitsTand the ticated scent is sure he wants it known I pleasure--of dur new ,t,oplease. There’s nothing that he .is wearing ’’ AFT~DbSHAVE. quite like it. . something very special. 7 Fromi$3.00 ,. ___ 3From $3.90 ’ Frgm $4.50 L . .

AII. three, great choi’ces are iridividually packaged’in handsome I&y&al bottle3 tb make &ft-cjiving memorable. Give the m$n in your life--father, brother, bo)friend(s)-ENGLISH LEATHER.


/ by Don Gregory Chevron staff


. \

Dear Mom, I hear you are worried about me. You have read in the newspaper and heard on the radio that small minority of dis-, satisfied students at the University of Waterloo are disturbing the peace and serenity of our campus: You may even have heard that I was arrested for trespassing while distributing ,. supposedly obscene literature to students. You have heard all this talk. about student power and Marxism and revolution. . 1 Well, some of it is true. We do talk about student power and Marxism; and we are planning a revolution. Let me tell you about our revolution. We are, most of us, well-off. None of . us starves. All of us have somewhere to sleep. Some of us even own cars. It is because we don’t need to worry about our physical well-being that we have time to look at the world around us. We don’t like what we see. On the one hand we are told we’ve never had it so good. On the other we wonder what’s “good” about it. I remember once standing on a corner of Bloor Street in Toronto throughout lunch hour and not seeing one smiling person. The suicide and crime rates are climbing rapidly. We are told that we live in a free and democratic society. We wonder how the selection of our national leaders is demo‘-cratic: The local Amish folk are forced to . participate in unemployment insurance . and medicare schemes they neither want nor need.. American troops crusade to _force democracy on the people of Viet_ nam. j The ‘examples are endless and I could 1’ write you .a letter everyday describing

mouth polite, meaningless banalities. ’ We feel that this kind of world is possible-it has to be possible, otherwise there is no meaning to life. Societies have existed in the past where the majority of citizens were happy and creative. Ancient Greek society with all its imperfections maybe a good example. The Greeks were able to build their

them. Many of us have simply: been overwhelmed by the magnitude of the contradictions facing us and have stuck our heads in the sand hoping that, if we don’t see the problems they will go away. Some of us have courageously entered the system with hopes of changing it from within. Others despair that nothing can be done before the whole social-political-economic monolith is brought crashing *to the ground so a new society can _ from the, ashes of the ,. rise phoenix-like r\lA

yau* Our revolution is not just political-we don’t just want to replace the old establishment with one that is newer and possibly more human. We want to build a world where there is no place for an establishment; no place for a Hitler or a Trudeau; no place for people to starve as many in the Atlantic provinces and not a few in Ontario do now. We want to build a world where there is no place for soldiers and bombs as there are everywhere now; no place for “news media” that report only crime and violence; no place for the infection of minds by spurious television. We don’t want this just for Canada or for “the free world”; we want it for the whole world. We want to stop foreign invasions in Vietnam and in Czechoslovakia. We want a world where a man works for his own needs, not those of the Big Company or the petty dictator. We want a world where every man can be creative whether it be as an artist or as a mechanic or farmer. We want to speak as we feel and not just



” .I




,’ ,

famous statues, write their beautiful poems and formulate profound theories because they had thousands of slaves to work for them. Today we have a different kind of slave-mechanical slaves. Unthinking machines can do nearly everything and a few thinking men can design machines to cover the few exceptions. ’ When control of the means of production and the means of production and the means of communication passes from the hands of the .few into the hands ’ of all, then we can make the machines which will free us from routine uncreative jobs to think about the fundamental problems of human existence. Even while fighting for real democracy, whether it be behind the barricades at the Sorbonne, in Wenceslas Square, in ,I the Black Ghettos, in the streets of Mexico City, at the campus center here or wearing black pyjamas iq the jungles of Vietnam, we realize that political ,and economic reforms are but the first step. Until a significant number’ of people in the world demand for themselves and their brothers not only “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness,” but also the attainment of happiness and an equalshare of’ the material wealth-until ‘these are universal rights, the revolution will not’even have begun. What you have read in the papers are but the first successes and mistakes of a venture which I hope will someday in-’ volve all man in the search for human dignity and happiness. To refuse the call to arms would be to refuse my birth-right as a human being. Just as my ancestors .of two hundred years ago felt impelled to carve a nation . out of the wilderness of America; I, today; feel compelled to build a: society where, man has the power of self-determina- _ , tion. r% - WithI Love and Reslject, Your son,iDon.

’I _

’ ,



1 ’

~ .Are you enjoying


this term -at university

and why? -Bruce Timmins

Yes, and I’ll leave it to the discretionof the Chevron to

Yes, because all . the girls at Waterloo have taken the

No, the frosh are dumber than ever.

Much better than last year due to political activities.


Yes, the girls :at Waterloo have ful- . filled my greatest desires, I will

Yes, the weekends.

‘.‘ I 1%.




‘/ Chevron

i 4 f,

4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4






TODAY CAROL FANTASY. free admission ticket, arts theater 8pm. GYPSY NIGHT presented by the Russian club in the campuscenter pub. 8-midnrght. HOCKEY versus Palace. 8:30. TIP-OFF building.



at the Waterloo



rn the


Ice jock


LOST Glasses in black plastic case Waterloo Square area. Phone 745-7 168 Reward! For brown rimmed glasses lost Saturday. Phone*742-072 1 ask for Ron Girl’s. Timex watch, black band. Lost. between Waterloo Arena and University Avenue two weeks ago. Phone 745-5768 ask for Sandv


4 14 4

4 4 t


4 4 -4


-4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 74 4 4 4




4 4 4 4 4 4 4

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570 The CUEVRC)N . /.



PERSONAL Would like to go to Europe after Christmas Transportatron is the main problem. Any informatron or avatlable rowboats, canoes etc. would be appreciated. Hot tips will be rewarded. phone Rrck page 742-9998 / WANTED Photographer requires male and female models immediately. Photo appreciated. but not necessary. Contact Mr. D. Lees, P.O. Box 43. Etobicoke. Ontano Girl singer any nationalty wanted for small dance orchestra. Experience with Latin instruments or -will. teach. Phone Sid Coates leader, Club Aces Combo, 744-57 11

TYf?lNG Will do essay typing at home 50~ page. Apply 56 F. Montcalm Drive Town Houses. Phone 578-l 936 Grand River and Heritage Park area Wrlr type essays, reports etc. Call l-669-5820 HOUSING-AVAILIjBLE Single room available for gentleman during winter term in clean respectable home near Bayvrew %r Moore. Cooking facilities available. $16 weekly. Call 425-1835 or write J. McDonald 200 Bayview Ht. Dr., Toronto 17 Girl wanted to share double room January Close to unrversrty. Call 745-0805 * Half double for female in Waterloo, private bath, laundry facilities. $10 per. week. Phone 745:3958 Male students wanted large single and double rooms behind Waterloo Square. Common room with T.-V. Phone 744-3291. Between December 22 and January 2 call 744-7830 Furnished rooms for male students one Immediately. two for next term. 83 Wrllram W. Waterloo. Phone 744-5809 Apartment for winter term furnished, 4 bedroom, kitchen. Apply 194 King Street South Waterloo or call 742-9 147 Lester Street half double, cookrng facilrties, left-leanrng RSM-types desrred. Paul 5783611 Apartment to sublet for 4 students May. to August. Waterloo Heights, podrum suite. Phone 578-4478 ,

Grebel wrth the entire cast of the Elmrry maple-syrup festl’val, 9 pm. DRAWBRIDGE coffeehouse, campus center coffeeshop. campus talent-bring your own thing and do It, 9 pm. Sunday ,TOURIST TERRORISM on campus. l5pm. CAROL FANTASY at 3pm. CHRISTMAS PARTY at Rotary rnternational students house, 4 pm. MONDAY Meeting of U.S. DRAFT EXILES, drscussion of life In Canada and continurhg polrtic-

al activity, campus center 2 17. 7 pm CHESS CLUB at 6: 15. In campus center 211. RADICAL STUDENT MOVEMENT meets rn the campus center pub at 1 Opm. TUESDAY ART SESSION with Nancy-Lou Patterson In the campus center musrc room, 4 pm. THURSDAY K-W LITTLE THEATER presents No exit’ by Jean-Paul Sartre, in the arts theater, 8.30 pm, also on Friday and Saturday. HOCKEY versus Lutheran at 8:30. FRIDAY The last Chevron of the term.

ATTENTION: Students looktng for a good place to stay. Rooms now avarlable In house set up entirely and exclusively for students. Includes kitchen, living. room etc. Non-smokers and abstarners ptease. Write E. Wayne Quirk 231 Louisa Street Kitchener or call 5760425 HOUSING -WANTED Furnished apartment or room suitable for 2 - 4 girls January to May downtown Toronto. B. Nickel1 Renrson 742-9048 Apartment for 2 - 4 for summer term 1969. 576-4229 Co-op math 2A student wants winter term accommodation in Ottawa: Dow’s Lake Glebe area (near Carling and Bronson). WIII

consider room and board or apartment sharrng. Phone Peter at 576-9659’between 6 and 8 pm Two 33 co-op students on work term want to sublet or share apartment in Kitchener Waterloo from January to ‘April. Phone Jack 576-4268 FEMALE EMPLOYMENT I am looking for a partrculai type of woman who is Interested in earning a $150 and up per month part-trme. Contact Chevron MALE EMPLOYMENT Part trme positron available for aggressave personable young man. Must be capable of recruitrng and managing women. Contact Chevron

,Comput& jikf coursequestionaire

TUTORS Attention get help now with assignments, essays. qualifies tudor. M.A. Liberal Arts subjects. 743-7032 _

off ice by 5 pm Tuesday.,



Professor Wes Graham walked used ‘many exa.mples to make into his math 132 class and joysure people understood. fully began writing figures on the Unfortunately word was out blackboard. The figures were the that the material in this lecture results of a questionaire circuwas supplementary and not on lated ,among~ about 175 of Grathe course. ham’s computer-science students. The’lecture hall was half empty, The results showed that 159 stu; and many present day-dreamed or dents enjoyed computer science doodled. Those who did bother while only 17 did not. Sixty-four ’ to listen, however, were given students said they learned somevaluable insights into the basics thing from labs- while 111 felt of the computer. the labs had no educational value; Numerous pertinent questions The result that most pleased the were asked during the hour; sutih prof was the answer to the quesas, “Will there be a final exam.” tion that read, “Do you feel qualiGraham took the question in stride fied to’ judge what course content and answered it in his usual witty should be. “Graham gleefully style. pointed out 150 students answered He described the algorithm no, while only 24 said yes. Having which will calculate the final conclusively proved students like mark and made it clear that a thipgs the way they are, and struck zero. on the exam will not affect a blow for sane courses, respons- ’ the term mark.’ The final mark ible action, and faculty-adminiswi!l ‘be the greater of the term’ tration control, he went on with’ and exam. . the lecture. He carefully noted Y however, The lecture was on the hard that optional exams are conware aspects of the arithmetic trary to math faculty policy, unit in the 360 computer. He ex- ‘and that the exam was therefore plained the system clearly and compulsory. The class giggled.


-Won’t -Keron




Bergsma BSA


I think I should explain why I decided not to accept the position of chairman of the Board of Student Activities, which I held under Brian Her, under the new president John Bergsma. First, positions on the executive board of the federation are political appointments and by accepting a position I would be joining Bergsma’s political organization. I could not support John’s platform, (what I could find of it), and when he tells me after the election that Some of the suggestions he made were just ideas being tossed out for consideration, I lose all faith in ,him. I will not be a part of a group whose tactics lead them to avoid issues and conduct an election campaign on a negative platform, simply presenting themselves as a “responsible alternative”. Secondly, contrary to popular opinion, the Board of Student Activities is not going to fall apart. It is flattering to hear people say this, but. it isn’t true. No one is indispensable. The concerts and dances are going to go on regardless of my absence. Thirdly, I am getting tired of working to provide services to a campus which, although it wants the dances and weekends, is unwilling to work to provide them. The main incidence of this occurred two months ago when I was forced to resort to a faked cancellation of Grad Ball to find a chairman. The number of people who got upset about this was really frustrating. They all wanted to go and have fun but when it came down to doing some not-so-much-

fun work they didn’t care until the event was threatened. I should not have had to resort to threat but there was no other way possible. (Incidentally there is a very capable committee now working and I am sure this Grad Ball will be like no other in our history, so don’t get upset). Finally I am not going to switch sides for an executive post. I said before the election that I supported -Brian Iler and I am not about t? desert him. To any responsible voter the whole of Brian’s operation should have been examined and this includes the things I was doing in the BSA. Consequently I do not feel bound, in any way, to continue what I was doing. This in brief sums up my position on my refusal to resume my old duties. JIM KERON anthropology 3 past-chairman Board of Student Activities Registrar’s raises

impertinence this



Recently non-Canadian students on campus received a questionnaire from the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada, forwarded by J.T. Morgan through the registrar’s office, which read as follows : Dear


Student: To






form as the by box


mail at


or the




made in

reception office





required enclosed






return as

association it


and soon







a collection desk




Your matter




will be appreciated. J. T. Morgan regis tra t&s

“dozed off into semi-slumber” ever made even a semi-effort to get ‘some command of the subject and to question the professor. I rather doubt it. ‘JEAN WALLACE grad philosophy


‘ assistant

The whole tone of this note typifies the attitude of the registrar’s office towards the student who, after all, does at least provide employment for the registrar and his minions. The close’& approach Morgan made towards politeness was, “Your prompt co-operation will be appreciated. ’ ’ I suggest, first to Morgan, that he send a further note to those students who received the questionnaire, apologizing for his curtness in the original note, and secondly that not a single student on this campus return the questionnaire until this suggestion is complied with. I am all in favor of doing anything that would lead to the betterment of the quality of education or to improve the lot of the student in this country but I am afraid that Morgan’s attitude is just too much! J.A. BARON grad electrical eng Unused



A new pay


super-plot: parking


November 20 I parked my car in lot C as usual. When I came for it after classes I found the front NETHANDERAL wheels had sunk into the mud. It BANDERSNATCH was so bad that when I opened the arts 1 door it scraped the ground. A couple of fellow students tried unsuccessfully to push me out. I One of our favorite fans went to the campus policeman at likes back-page messages the University Ave. entrance and explained my situation. He said The back pages of the Chevron the only solution was to call a in recent weeks have been very garage and get the car towed out. interesting. The texts themselves Apparently a nearby garage have been great and the illustragave students prompt and efficient tions superb. The artist who comservice. Three-quarters of an hour posed these pages deserves conand several phone-calls later, a gratulations. tow-truck arrived. The driver tried . Keep up the good work! to pull me out but almost got himDON GREGORY self stuck also. They call this arts 2 prompt and efficient service! Luckily a crew of workmen were nearby and they brought, over a large truck with a crane on None of her acquaintances it. I am indebted to them for pullcondone beer-bottle ethic ing me out. The tow-truck driver My God, what is happening to still charged me $3-maybe for our paper? The issue I have just his prompt and efficient service. received contains some good, What really bothers me is that informative and intelligent writing I paid $12.25 for a parking-sticker along with a piece of the filthiest, at the beginning of the year. This most useless “writing I have gave me the honor of parking ever seen in my life. in that gravel and mud pit PP&P I am referring to “Reflections calls parking lot C. Why should I have to pay to in a golden eye, or the beer-bottle ethic of ZI typical student ( Torn get into a lot and then be charged Ashman, Nov. 15). to get out? Is it really necessary to downI sent PP&P a letter but got grade ourselves this way? Why? no reply. Is this the proper way Does this filth make a n y o n e to do things? more aware of his own ridiculJOHN A. VARGA ous attitudes (which, I hope, was math 2 what you were trying to satirize)‘? Is this ever going to get any apathetic students mind off himself? Of course not! It will only Quicksand-filled path make them as sick as it has madk means he sticks to studies

in classroom



to leave

third of the way along Phillip and University . If 1300 people in the Village can have an asphalt sidewalk, why can’t we even have a gravel path? The worst part is the hill by the railway track which is owned bv the university. This path, however, has very intellectual results since after half an hour in class we are stuck to the floor and are prevented from leaving.


Mark Alan concluded his review of phi1 125 (Phil 125 discusses ethics. Nov. 29) by stating that “no one cared about the lecture after they found out they had received B‘s-so why the hell should they give a damn.. I am not certain what the relation is between getting a B and giving a damn. unless one’s damn is only given after receiving a grade of C or below. But whatever the import of the sentence, the reporter made it quite clear that his criterion of evaluation was verbal pyrotechnics. It should be evident to anyone who ever has given a damn that this is a rather poor criterion and that it reflects the callow attitude of the TV-viewing student body which expects each lecture to be a Rowan and Martin LaughIn. There is one aspect of student power which is consistently and tendentiously ignored, mainly, that the students have got unused parity in the classroom. The direction of a discussion and the interest and challenge of a class are responsibilities of both lecturer and students. I wonder if half the class which


Mr. Ashman. if you have any acquaintances who eve’n vaguely resemble the person you portray in this article I would be very surprised. I know of no one that mentally sick. If you were just aiming to shock your readers, I must say you have succeeded admirably. CATHY MOORE co-op math 2B

Would you believe at least 300 students daily brave quicksand, mud. and six inches of water to go to classes every day? This desolate region lies between the math building and Phillip Street co-op and is used by co-opers and students going to the psych building. This is the quickest way to the math and science buildings since it is one-

Why Are Most Students On


IS &

TV a


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‘6, 1968 /9:33)

57 7 2 3

1967 Seems that a year ago this week (December 1,1967) it was the faculty who were clashing with the administration. “Profs buck parking fees” .was the headli,ne. The story mentions Don Epstein (poli sci prof) who is in the news again this week. The report criticized the barking Thus runs the lead: fee as bearing “little if any relation .



At a meeting November 13 the association appointed a co.mmittee tin parking to investigate the parking fees introduced this year. On the . committee were vrofessors Greg \ Bennett (mathematics), John Cap’ indale (science), Don Epstein (arts) ’ . and Peter Silverston (engineering): I As_ instructed: the committee reported 10 days later.

4MPOVERISHED as we are JOHN BERGSMA and the MEMBERS of his CAMPAIGN ’ ’ would like to use this space to THANK THOSE ’ WHO SUPPORTED US

to the actual cost of operating those”. It also accused the adtinistration of‘ being “uncooperative, unclear and untruthful in respdnding to requests for factual information.” Finally it claimed the manner in which the policy was imposed was “a gross violation of the rights, authority and express wishes of’ the facUly._ I

I \


1966 “Hagey consure beAten, faculty pres to resign read the headline on the Chevron December 9, 1966. Hagey had ignored the wishes of the faculty association execu_tive to have raises accompanied by an explanation from the dean or department head. The faculty association president Alltip Nelson’ (poli sci) resigned over the fracas. This week -again he i$ in the center of a dispute. t*Ion M&day in an open Letter to The story beings thus: the faculty.


A motion by the executive of the faculty associatioq to censure university president J.G. * Hagey was defeated by four votes’ at the associa- lion’s las’t meeting. As a result Dr. Allan NeCson, political science; president of the association, will announce his resigna-

I The bitter battle, which threatens ,-to divide the university,, has been‘ waged betweeh the old guardmainly deans, administrators, department heads-and the younger members of the faculty, who this year gained control of the faculty association-executive.





Back in the’ “Coryphaeus days I (December 2, 1965) there were prbbl,ems with pdor designink Of university buildings. The lead story .speak’S of planning being forced by time., This same complaint was still being made this year’ abbut the designiag *of Habitat 69. Perhaps this ,sounds vagtily familiar: ’

‘ /

The pr.oj&ion facilities in the -four ‘qe\;v lecture halls of arts B were not . ’ designed properly.. , ’ . .;. (” ,$:‘;;dim Li&g&o&, chic+ proj&tion* y$&. &tg&d”i,hat .&‘e: bq&~~ wert$$esigrieh’for cknditions 30 years -Ago; r ‘I the> problem was caused by arc,hi. tects designi& the‘ booths without - .. .&onsulting experts in the field. 1


The architects said that they were prev&ted from doing so by the university department of physical plant and planning, who demanded the plans as soon as possible. This didn’t allow time to check that the plans were functioual although several qualified companies volunteered their consulting services.

_ . ”



. /

1964‘ .r.’ 1 This week ba&.jn 1964, .the Coryphaeus ran the Head “WLU Student Uof W Swim Meet . _ . _ 1jnfiltrates _ _ In, those’ days the two schools were closer to beingthe same size and . ~pranks of ‘al); sorts were standard procedure in the rehtibnships between _ :::. them. ,- A ’ Waterloo Lutheran Unibersity engineer, and was allowed to enter 1 .









. student posed as an engineer in the Ii University of Waterloo Intramural i Swim Meet on November 17, and won . .an event, thereby gaining, points for 1 the engineers in’ the intramural point ~ standing. Marv Altrqcks, a second .‘*4 year student ,at W:L.U., told the offj.-. cials of the swim meet he was an

several events. He won the fifty yard: ‘breaststrdke in a record time of 31 .g seconds. Since this was the first year that this event was included in the swimmeet, Altracks was able to set a record for this University of Waterloo Intramural Swim Meet.

1963 ‘? * The Coryphaeus of Dec. 5, 1963-clearly 1:;.ity of evehts on campus. The page-wide ‘<. :‘: Sticcess . Further down ‘thk page was a .) : “Student Council Elections . - _ 1 sL; I. Presented here is the lead of the banner -\


’ <:,

understood the student s priorheadline was “Operetta Smash small story under a small head story:

It is difficult to understand .why ’ makes . ’ great fun if ,the exagerated Pati&ce, the fifth of the Gilbert & behaviour of ,soine of the “art for Sull~~~n.+&ettas, -has never: been Arts sake”. poets who. were his contiore’ popular. Gilbert has n&er temporaries, and Sullivan wrote some been in _better satirical form . as, he of his best inusic for this operetta: .

, 1

‘,i :‘. -2 r-- ..--_ I i ~3 ‘r.

/ Buyn-ow-

take years to. ‘pay r on oui convenient budgetplans _‘, .




TERS ‘I - : ;; .’



572 Tte CHEtil?ON


* * by Teqly Sin@ Ctievrd-i staff c

. ’ ’ ~


~ ’

J.: ‘t

Are all marriages in India ‘arranged’?. Theanswer in no. /s .. . ’ Surprising as it may be’ to many Canadi,ans, according to Indian History/hove marria-ges were performed asearly as a few hundred years B.C. -. ’ * l+ove -marriage *is onl@ne of the many conventional types-of marriages in India., ! In Indian manu$&ipts, Jove marriage. ,is referred tol’as fgrandharva’ marriage; in ‘which the union -between two lovers is. by : .mutual ‘dqnsent _ -with ’ negligible, ,interference-byparents . -. I ‘.‘Bowever, in another kind of marriage! ‘a damsel is offered as a gift to-a sui,@ble invited by her father. In \ bridegroom most cases the ;bridegraom receives a j dowry from the parents of thebride. = 3s well as having a diversity 6f cultures, ‘languages, religions,and political parties; Jn,dia, ham . $ diversity ‘of marriage.. S@ ’ tems too.. But. in thelast couple ,of de: cades, ,a new way of rea,ching& marriage decisions has.. become : prevelent.: This , method-called ,‘C$timized Marriage’‘;can’t ‘be yadequately e8plained in terms f of. existing concepts of ‘arranged-’ -or . ’ ‘love”-marriage. . ^. I ‘Whereas arranged marriage ’ is corn-. _ -manly thought of as planned. by,parents or: guardians ,and love 1marriage is. +f ten understood, to +bo *worked out by ‘the man and woman with insignificant contribution by parents,’ an’ optimiz~ed marriage (the ‘word ‘optimation’ is not used in its-m&he& matitial sense) is arranged neither by the couplenor by their parents -_ r .\

‘. I

<’ +

” . 1 f’

1 . --




-:Bill JaLkson.


of arour,


for- Lo&on

h’fe in’ Toronto-



. I _ Change, ra-dical change, is no overnight of those very ills yhich we- should be,seeking-. .affair Constant, pressure m-ust’ be appli,ed. He is ‘big; or he is small:,$Ie may be a blunto cure. This is the tragedy of why radicalism ’ Progressive co-operativeyevolution is our only .derer or consummate’$3ophistication and effidoesn’t work. + ’ ’ ’ - . _ ciency; He may ev.en’.have.~ostensibly good ; we, ,ourselves, actually facilitate our own 1 hope, for true, revolution is no ’ longer a repression. j,Ve keep, ‘ourselves-down arid ev; - via-b!+ alternative, nor is it even. possible in eryone else with us, therebysaving -Uncle . a idety .‘as well-hviditiofied as ours.. We Sam a -great deal of trouble and expense. , , -must. concentrate our efforts on .a!1 fronts at ’ , : I. _.,-, i”Jeat, eh‘? >. ‘% < once, z ? Nobody-re&ly needs guns to -keep us in our ‘-Y _ .-:&treaucracy in all ”its “mani_. _ . everywhere;‘_ -6~ Brookshfmelee


this bei& ~~l;tic?,’

,. jl ) ‘Meet Mr. Charlie. l&‘s hiding of his students consider him a first . _ ’ in the political science depart- cl&s prof&sor. , ment ch+rma+ office, and he Rawling’.s. r’i3s‘ultswill probadly ’ I won’t come out to talk $:.tb the . be about.the same.. ,/’ , : press’ ,’ I \ -’ That’s’ being I consistent.. Any- that persGna1 bias& is involved.’ ’ ’ Indeed this ‘has ‘been suggested -, _ ! ’ , :’ orie who -decides not *to. renew the * , contracts of ttio popular profes- in Epsteirz’scase. ’ .” sors ’ certainly ‘shouldn’t be ex-. But even with‘: Mr. .*‘Ch&lie . ‘. . ’ *. petted xto be billing to explain that!s,,hard to believe.’ The- only ’ . . - ‘. .\ ,his reasons to studedts. . 8 ’ problem that could account for< ‘b II sucn a’ situa@on’is a,.misl Assistant jprofes$ors Miss:Karen tempt. to treat- L-=M-w Rawling and Don Epstein were -d’epartment by offei?ng students coqrses they ences that Crcabc. fotind ’ interesting and relevant. of any nature. :%. - .,\ Their teaching method&were mod-- > ’ +,.’ .t er’n, their dedicatiqn was to their - It isnot &c&&Gin students not to book phblishers, -_their records, th&Xhey are being di’z&-iissed for i’ lack:,of participa* and their\ subjects very impoftatit to. political scientists graduating . tioh Yin the. con$&nity ( a lack of productive work, the only ’ _ .:, _. in@ today’s society. rlfLAm1ld c$h& criteria t&y, were tc,, .. VUIUi . .-> Despite- this the seni6r pebple tie applied. . in ‘;the ldepar!ment (senior was ~ So we:are left- with the conch& defined by the chairman). .seti I . sinn dhd-. the altfhnritiw &virld -to have -decided that theiF courses /the courses these ’ professors were not ones the department taught wer&‘t what the depart/- . wanted to offer. merit “IIVUIU chnlrld he nfforincr \ a**---” wu“A*xdA~. “.5*’ : ,/,/ 3 At least this is what we htiped -, Courses like Epstein’s on power /’ /, I happened because the altern6Gve in otir; society br Rawling’s on, explanations are eve0 more ’ comparative commuriist systems _ d&;rining . ! f . ’ or; her scheduled course on China. -\ . \ Th.ey could have decided behi& If that’s the- case the political . .. i / I . closed doors with. their -oath. of science union hasjust bken handed r secrecy that Rawling and Epstein I its first real trial run; ‘ 1: -. I +sr . ’ weren’t competent. . ‘. -. Because if students are in as a / -11 --=--* ’ But had they coni@ out from’ much disagreement. with this de- , L 1 : . It’s a little tiih t on the left. \ cision as it would .appear they I’ -. . behind their closed do’&% they . / would have quickly found that should be-then it’s up to them and‘ their representatives to get the studeAts &ure feel .. don’t’ -.._ r‘1:. . that ‘_ it changed. t. . :,c . Is- ...- *. .’ i~--I^___. _.- ._“, ,+. L _ - ./tiay . -/&~ . . I Whatever the wutcofi6 this sitIt seems that ‘the oligarcs of the -&opose a Both professors are having sur- uation is a prime example of ~a11 ’ math faculty‘ are f&rated pup- &c&$ .;-Council:ethey 3don’t I-like, veys’ done by. a faculty mkmber the reasons why students should peteers. Left without puppets they ihey q.@ckly have’ a,’ coI6paQiot---_ ’ from gnother” department. l$- take full par& in decisioni of this have tried to put their ‘students ” call’ ‘the”’fight &&b&s of -the .I ‘I stein’s results are in/Nearly 95% n&ur&. on,strings instead. ’ liaison Committee and get them _ And the ‘action seem to have to agi”ee -to another, acceptable I ._/. r_ met with ,some success. The best ‘motion on the saine topic., .. - j I -.puppet show they put on is cdlled Armed -with this motion,, they- . .’ the, student-faculty liaison corn” go to. fdctilty eoun il -and’ ca&nly / \ ,. mittee. tell%thereformer th 2 t even the stuWhat is the liaison committee? dents do&- want anything to do .. It, ‘is supposed to be a joint with his -idea. Their soufce? Why s faculty-student coimittee char- the liaiqon committee of course. ged \‘with advancing cooperation. I - In the past’ihese se&r fa’culty i To this end it can propose -ideas memb&s have- usually been able 1 to the faculty cduncil. . \ to keep their manipulating. under’ But if the Novetib,er 19th .a~-. the table. Noviethat the rush they“ _. tivities of the committee .are we& in ha,s-expos& them3he &tu,_ any example its job must be to dents and j,vaior factilty should J! , prqvide a’:tionvenieht to-01for the’ unite to get the stiudtioh chinged.’ . ’ t Unfortunately the math liaison _ faculty pow&% to use against any’ ,. .. -_ ref.ormers that ha.y@creeped into committee is an excbilent example ’ .the”. ranks Tof 4he junior profes- ijf the kind of pkop’er channels s ,. .’1 . ‘. _ sors. ’ 1 the ‘-powers that be’ w-ill give ’ The process is simple. When they students as long as they remain ! ’. .- I -? ,’1 ‘, ’ .hear 4hata profess& ig. going to . passive. < /’’ : -, U13Cl







,” TH-



. -4.

The adminl’stration plans for increased communicdrtion federation





wfth the ne ‘W

^ ..‘publiqapicins. bdard of,the Federation df Students, Uriiv&sity of date&d.‘. Cbtit&t’ is independent of ti.e pu%ations board, the student council. and the urrSver&ty administration. Offi& in ,thb CMIPUS cefite’r, ph%ng (519) 74416111, local 3443 (news); 34a4 (ads);~!%4,5 (editor),. nightline . _ ' 744011~1 ;tele>c 0295-748. I 1,000 copies _ . ’ .. ‘I. e&to&chief: Stewart Saxe _ . managing editor:‘Bo@J/erdun news editor: Ken Fr.aser , ,, j features editor: Ale>! Smith sports editor: Paul So[omonian ’ *+ . . photb @tar; Greg Wbrmald editorial associate: Steve Ireland I . a whole new figul *eless head: chairman, df the board of publications: Ger’w Wootdn f I’ Good grief. This issue took 28 hours a day for f.bur days io get it put t&ether. Things ran so late on Thursday that : tic: almost had a Monday 1aaper.. Th@ manag,ing.$ditor died before this gdt ty Ped so the jani.tor did f&he first time since July and nobody t~@tR&qfrne to eveti’figure out who t,hey wet% working wit ‘h. This is the result-no in ldication of who% dobrs you -should place the bogmbs under this week? Seems a same ‘t&t the \nieek people worked the, hardest is (Xhiz’week the renlain anonymohs. One more to @o. ‘ I *’



6, 7968 f&33)

575 r” 27

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two hospitalized

Students About 250 students from several Ontario universities joined striking reporters and editors at the Peterborough Examiner today. By noon seven students had been arrested by police forcing their way through picket lines to get non-union employees into the Examiner building. Two girl students were also injured and subsequently hospitalized in the melees around the entrance to the building. Extent of their injuries was not known at press time. Twenty members of the Toronto newspaper guild have been on strike at the Examiner since November 2. The local branch of the guild was formed immediately after the March 1968 purchase of the Examiner by newspaper baron Lord Thomson of Fleet. Immediately after the sale the working conditions went downhill. While the official policy of Thornson Newspapers Ltd is not to interfere with the policy of the newspaper such was not the case in practise. Pages and features began to get cut. Space reserved for news was diminished to the point where during the assassination of Robert Kennedy, the news staff could not get two extra Pages to cover the event properly. I c When a staff member quits he is not replaced. His job is eliminated to save money.

join striking

Thomson has increased advertising space, and gone to ridiculous lengths of requiring paperclip rationing and cheaper paper towels. As soon as Thomson bought the newspaper, 19 of 22 reporters and sub-editors formed a Peterborough unit of the Toronto Newspaper guild. When the guild tried to negotiate their demands, they could not get a meeting with the management of the newspaper. Finally, on November 1, a day before the strike was to start, management came out with a statement. There were no provisions for the guild to remain. no jobtransfer security, no severance pay. no pension for anyone under the rank of supervisor and the old pension plan was to be cut. Thomson demanded a six-day week with no limitations on hours to be worked in any dayand no Overtime pay. Thomson offered $117 for a five-year man and $60 a week for new reporters. These are all minimum salaries, lower than the existing scale at the Examiner and Thomson rarely pays above stated minimum. Thomson has still refused to negotiate, giving the dissolution of the guild as a necessary condition to begin. The pressmen and typesetters are concerned about the security of their unions when their contracts run out if the guild is beaten by Thomson.

The last time Thomson battled the guild was in Oshawa in a similar situation. That time he obtained a court injunction to limit pickets, but local labor--the strong autoworkers-were angered at this tampering with union freedom. They turned out in such force the paper was not only shut down and Thomson capitulated to the guild, but the provincial attorney-general took no action against the injunctionbreakers. There has been no injunction asked for in Peterborough. Thomson has been using the editorial page of the Examiner to give the striking guild bad publicity through basic lies. The guild has only been able to combat this by personal canvass. The guild hasn t been able to get support of large groups of local labor to man physically and morally effective picket lines. This is why the guild turned to student journalists and students in general man the lines. Today was the second time the students had joined the picket lines. Last week 120 students, mostly from the Universities of Toronto and Waterloo, spent

The strike

at the Peterborough Examiner, in which reporters and newsroom staff have been out for over four weeks, raises issues that go far beyond the specifics of the dispute. For the Examiner symbolizes the condition that prevails in scores of cities and towns throughout Canada--the single newspaper monopoly. And since last February, Peterborough has joined more than 40 other Canadian cities, from Arnprior through Yorkton, in the fold of Thomson Newspaper Ltd., the North American wing of the Thomson Empire. The takeover by Thomson is directly relevant to the present dispute, as the Newspaper Thomson entreGuild stresses. peneurship has meant greater emphasis on profit ability, an increase in advertising content, and an attempt to squeeze staff costs, by cutting salaries across the board for new recruits. The pattern, however, is a familiar one, if one examines the rise of the Thomson Empire, from Roy Thomson’s purchase of the fledgling Timmins Press in 1934 to today’s $300,000,000 concern. For profit is what makes Roy Thomson tick, and he has used one small newspaper after another in building his present fortune. Thomson’s view of the small town newspaper is well-expressed in the following comment: “Anybody who can lose money with a small-town newspaper is a near genius. It’s a matter of how

much you’re going to make. Some we appraoch will say ‘Look, I’m making money.’ We’ll say ‘Look, you’re only making half of what you ought to be! ’ (Fortune, Feb. 1967 1. As a result, Thomson takeover of a newspaper entails a whiphand from the Toronto office to ensure that the year-end accounts live up to expectation. The figures for Thomson’s North American operations between 1955 and 1964 speak eloquently of just how successful he has been in this task. Consolidated Earnings before Deductions, Depreciation and Taxes 1955 1960 1964

$ 1,692,925 3,798,170 7,630,079 Consolidated Net Earnings

1955 1960 1964

$1,424,069 1223,031 2,709,568

In nine years, leaped six-fold.




Who pays for these profits? Two years ago, the Oshawa Times, another Thomson newspaper, was also struck by the Newspaper Guild. The United Church Board of Evangilism, a fairly moderate organiza tion, declared : “ The pi tifully low wages paid at the Oshawa Times leads us to ask: Has Lord Thomson earned his mil-

Friday morning with the strikers. In that action two students were arrested. The picketeers hope to be able to hold the line solid all

members of the other unions refuse to cross heavily manned lines it is expected that this will stop or severely hinder publication of Friday’s and Saturday’s

day today



and on Saturday.


students join Examiner

fine last Friday.


the cold


the>? were


on the picket again



Tl7omson $$$ empire now in Peterborough by Philip Resnick


Lord Thomson of Fleet lions at the expense of labour? Has he risen to the top of the financial world by trampling on his employees and their families? ” If the workers pay the immediate price, the towns which Thomson “services” come in a close second. Although Thomson affirms that “Each and every one of my newspapers has the interests of its community at heart.” that interest is defined in terms of continued Thomson monopoly. Charles Wilson also saw no contradiction between the interests of General Motors and those of the United States and from the point of view of liberal capitalism he was absolutely right. Monopoly power is community power when the ruling elites define community interests. And Thomson does “not want to come down in the morning and find that somebody has taken me over,” especially not the community. If Thomson is almost a caricature of the capitalist entrepeneur, his newspaper empire is of concern to everyone in this country. For the monopoly power he exercises in over 40 communities finds its analogues in almost every other city. The Bell-Sifton chain, Pacific Publishing Company, the Toronto Star Publishing Company are examples of monopoly power elsewhere. The elites who run the newspapers also control a large part of the private media, and are not lacking direct tie-ins with the corporate elite of Canada.

If the striking reporters at the Peterborough Examiner lose their battle for higher wages you, the people of Peterborough, will be the real losers. ’ When Lord Thomson of Fleet bought your cities paper you were already the losers. / * The Examiner was one of Canada’s best papers constantly winning awards away from bigger papers with much bigger budgets. That was because the people on the Examiner had spirit. They were able to work as a team to turn out a paper for you that they could be proud of. On the old Examiner there was a sense that you were serving the people of Peterborough when YOU helped turn out their newspaper. But when Thomson bought the paper right away it became clear that this paper was no longer being produced to serve the people of Peterborough but instead it was being produced to serve the interests of Lord Thomson. Ad rates went up while the number of ad free pages went down. That’s standard procedure with Thomson when he adds a town to his empire. The reporters of the Examiner are on strike asking only for a decent living wage. If they don’t get it they won’t be going back to work. Now that doesn’t bother the owners of the Examiner they can still turn out pages of ads. But they will have a hard time writing any stories about local eventsYOU should know about. With a decent wage and a victory in the strike the reporters can go back to work and do the best possible to keep the Examiner Peterborough’s papernot Lord ThomsoiYs. You, the people of Peterborough, can help. the Examiner, if you have a subl Don’t buyscription cancel it for the duration of the strike. l When you’re shopping ask your merchants not to advertise in the Examiner. Lord Thomson is credited with once saying about his newspapers, “I never read the stdries but I always measure the advertising content.” If ad and subscription income go down Thomson will soon be willing to settle the strike. And you will have helped the people that have been serving you for so long. The Examiner reporters, members of your community not Ex-Canadian millionaires,


message from



The Industrial


me are a group of people who have come together 1s Industrial Llnion 620. Education Workers of the :\v$v. We have been asked to come to Peterborough 1~ the Toronto Newspaper Guild to help the workers ,f’ the Examiner win this strike. here in Peterborough is a What is happening very common situation. The details here are clear I’he striking workers at the Examiner see that their. 3roblems do not originate at their place of em3loyment but stem from the organization of a perorganized not for the ional empire : an empire genefit of those who work for it. but solely for the benefit of’ one man. of’ we carry this analysis one step farther and look at the nature of modern day industrial organization. we find that there are many Lord Thomsons-men who massively reap the benefit of other people’s work. There individuals have essentially the same interests at heart-the preservation and expansion of the emSimilarly, the people who form pires they control. the the tools for that expansion and preservation, workers, have a common interest which stands in opposition to that of the owners. interest is concerned with the preThe workers’






October 22. Charles Peters, president and publisher of The Gazette. called together the reporters working in the news1’00m . and in a ten-minute speech announced he had just sold his paper to the Sout ham chain. He apologized that he had no time to answer questions. urged the perplexed staff to “work harder” and departed. (iazett e management underlings were quick to assure all the staffers that “nothing Mill change. The Gazette will remain the same”. As rationale f’or the sale. Peters said . it was dliflcult these days to sustain a newspaper as a one-family business. Peters. ironically. was telling the truth. But onl!. part of it. The sale of The Gazette brings to light other f’acts: l Two powerful newspaper chains are eating up Canadian newspapers and now with The Gazette’s purchase. are close to sewing up monopolies. l These two chains are locking into a newspaper war. scrambling for advert ising. l These and other Canadian newspapers are struggling for their lives because American publications are sweeping the advertising market. Fundamentallv. the sale of’ The Gazette of powerful monopolistic is a victor) interests over independent outlets (no matter how unpalatable The Gazette is. up to now it was independently unpalatable ). Southam is one of three ver>* powerful newspaper chains that account for about 35 percent of all newspaper circulation in Canada. The other two are Sifton-Bell papers and the Thomson chain.

Fighting for control of the metropolitan newspaper market are Southam and Sifton-Bell. Thomson’s empire rests on smaller papers not in major urban concentrations. Let us therefore look closel! at these two competing (and frequently cooperating) empires-on-the-make : The Southam complex is still basicall) t’amily-owned. although it is listed as a public company. Three Southams sit on the Board of Directors. Southam directors hold. or at some time held. three bank directorships. three directorships in insurance companies, and four other directorships in large corporations. It is a somewhat schizophrenic empire. *John Southam, the most powerful man does his business out in the operation,

begin to explore new forms of representative ()I’ganiza tion. We of the IWW see an alternative in militant industrial unionism and the concept of the One Big Union. If workers form an industrial union organization. where an injury to one becomes an injury to all. no employer could force one group of’ \vorke!.s against another. for action would be put on an industry-wide scale. Furthermore. \vorkers ever>‘where would be part of the One Big I’nion iyhi(lh would be labour’s answer to international (~()rf~()rat~~ capital. Although many skilled workers in (‘;~n;~d;~ h;l~~~ enjoyed high wages in the recent past. W:II \~;lgc~s (buying power) have generally declined due to the increase of wage-taxation and inflation. Further. the instability of the international m()netar!~ scene offers an ominous premonition of f’ufur~ (bI*isis If working people arc to combat thcscl 1rtlntf,; they must be prepared to look hw MW r~f’tc~c~ti\~t~ forms of organization. For more information t’ronn and ;&jut the) l\y\\’ call IWW 519-744-6111 Ext. 3445 or lvrite (6 0 (‘hcll.ran. University of’ Waterloo,


Independence by Mark

of the World

servation of his right which in the process of profit-making get trampled by the boss. Workers’ desire for rights will always be opposed by the profit-needs of the boss. Trade unions have recognized this is the case but they have been unable to fully develop an organiza tion to effectively fight for the rights of labour. Craft unions simply cannot cope with the power of the management. Although the craft organization may have the power of the shop behind it, the owner has the power of national and international capital as well as a rigged legal system. It can then be seen that the problems of the worker do not originate at his place of employment but rather are due to the national and international organization of capital in industry. Not only do cradt unions fail to adequately protect the rights of the worker. but they are often used by the employers as a device to pit one group of workers against another in the interest of managementc witness the use of this tactic by the Thomson trust which throws the typesetters against the rethereby dividing labour and strengthening porters. management’s position. ) everywhere-people who have a Working people common interest in opposition to the employer must

of Ottawa, while keeping an eye on The Ottawa Citizen. which Southam owns. and which is commonly known as a Liberal government mouthpiece. There is a Tory side to The Southams. however. which operates through the Hamilton Spectator. and there is even a Social Credit side: The Edmonton ,Journal. virtually a party organ for Alberta Premier E. C. Manning. The Southam Company. including Pacit’ic Press Ltd.. of which Southam owns 50 per cent. controls the t’ollowing newspapers : Wholly owned: Ottawa Citizen, Hamilton Spectator. North Bay Nugget, Winnipeg Tribune. Medicine Hat News. Calgary Herald. Edmonton Journal. Montreal Gazette; with total circulation between 800.000 and 1.000.000. Partially owned: Vancouver Province 1’50’1 1. Vancouver Sun ( 50’ I I-these two papers put on a mock show of competing brands put out by the same manut’acturer-London Free Press ( 25’ c ). Kitchener-Waterloo Record (47’ I 1. Beyond this. Southarn controls 21 business and professional magazines. and has large interests in at least seven television and radio stations. Southam has strong links with Great West Life. as does the second chain. Sifton-Bell ( F.P. Publications Ltd. and Sifton Group 1. Sifton-Bell is also linked with oil interests in the West. Victor Sifton operates out of Toronto and is in partnership with Max Bell, best known as a race-horse owner. Bell has myriad interlocking corporate Interests in the West, and negotiates many of’ the major oil sales to the United States. The Sifton-Bell empire outrightly owns the Winnipeg Free Press. Ottawa Journal. Calgary Albertan. Lethbridge Herald. Victoria Uaily Colonist. Victoria Da ii> Times. Regina Leader-Post and Saskatoon Star-Phoenix.

It owns Canada’s most “respectable” paper. The Toronto Globe and Mail. but in circuitous way. Here we get into an interesting and relevant analogy with Southam’s purchase of The Gazette. A couple of’ years ago, the Sifton group purchased all shares of The Globe and Mail. owned then by Charles Webster. Webster simply exchanged the Globe shares for Sifton shares. and thus passed ownership while retaining “control” of the newspaper. Southam did the same thing with the Gazette. Charles Peters exchanged all



Gazette shares he held for Southam shares. on condition that he be allowed to operate the paper *‘independently”. The Gobe and Mail did not change when it switched hands and, most likely. neither will the Gazette. (Webster, incidentally. is representative of the people who control our media: he owns the Dominion Square complex and the Windsor Hotel here. and is one of the top men in the Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce. During the Depression. he controlled all the coal on the Montreal waterfront. While people were literally starving. he raised prices twice. The federal government fined him for the illegal aspects of this. so hc raised the price of coal a third time to pay the fine I Obviously the technique of bu!.ing a newspaper and leaving its control to the past owners is simply a holding tactic. Webster would do everyone a favor b!. leaving Sif’ton’s wa!. clear at The Globe. and Southam has a ver\. decent sort of obituary already typed up tar Charles Peters. The Southam and Sifton chains had been unable to get a foothold in t hc major cities until Sifton got The Globe and Mail. Southam has now grabbed The (iazctte after wooing it f’or a long time. and thus the two empires have broken through on a country -wide scale. Wh!- this desire to get a &‘Iontreal paper and to break into the large eastern urban market ‘.’

The lva~ magazines liktl Time anti fjtlaDigest are allowed to c*hoke (‘;i nadian journalism is another Cxamplt~ OI how the public comes second. This t~sccrpt Iron1 *John Porter’s The Vertical Mosaic brings out the point: dcr’s

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Star Weekly magazine folded this year because it could not get the national advertising. Both Southam. which publishes The










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One of the most desperate battles in Canada is being waged against Time and Reader’s Digest. who threaten the very lives of these newspapers. There are two levels ,of advertising in the newspaper racket: regional and national. Dow. Chrysler. Canadian National. Coke--all these prodvcts span the country and constitute “national advertising”. which is the most lucrative. Simpson’s. Steinberg’s. Dupuis and Mr. Muffler are regional. and less lucrative. Time and Reader’s Digest are both nationally-circulated magazines. with a combined monthly circulation reaching three million. By simple arithmetic. they can reach more people faster. So they attract the national advertising to the extent that any independent newspaper has to try to survive mostly on regional advertising.



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Yet the Canadian government. which has frequently debated taxing Time and Reader’s Digest as it does other foreign publications. has allowed this cultural imperialism to flourish by accepting the absurd proposition that Time and Reader’s Digest can be considered Canadian because of their throwaway “Canadian Content” As for The Gazette itself. it is insignificant what happens to it. Whether Charles Peters owns it, or whether Southam owns it. the public is only a considerdtion on the balance sheet. Anywhere in Canada. to produce an independent and outspoken press is an unccaonomical proposition. based on poor business logic. It requires a courage. and a dedication to the ideals of journalism that t’ew ian,~dian publishers possess. and that certainI!. do not encumber Charles Peters.


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