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five projects in berlin, germany

urbanism studies 2018 kth, royal institue of technology

Placemaking Berlin Bundesallee

Rethinking the Public Realm

editors elahe karimnia & ryan locke stockholm, sweden


Placemaking Berlin: Bundesallee Rethinking the Public Realm

Rethinking the Public Realm

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International Placemaking Studio Rethinking the Public Realm – Berlin The one-year master’s program in Urbanism Studies at KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, School of Architecture and the Built Environment, is aimed at graduates from the fields of architecture, landscape architecture, urban design and city planning who are specifically concerned with design issues of the public realm and the effects these have on social life and human behavior. Our focus is to deepen theoretical and design knowledge, changing the mindset of professionals regarding the importance and value of the public realm in the design of our cities. Our approach involves in-depth explorations of urban design issues by combining five topic-based modules situated within the three studio courses. The International Placemaking Studio is the third and final studio in this program, preceded by the Nordic Studio – Urban 4 |

KTH Placemaking Bundesallee 2018

Public Places and the Advanced Urban Space Studio. The aim for all three studios is to foresee urban planning and design issues and problems that will be coming into the public focus in the near future. After completing this international studio the students will be able to fully grasp and understand the dynamic conditions acting on modern cities, specifically issues of regional urbanization, urbanistic generic and informal globalization. This intensive Placemaking studio introducing students primarily to the European context, specifically, but also to European countries in economic and political transition as well as developing countries in transformation; focusing again on the public realm but this time with attention to the socio-spatial perspective of public realm under urban renewal, spatial transformation, or -and landscape transmutations.

The 2018 Studio work was based on a concrete case study in the city of Berlin together with our TU Berlin Urban Design Partners and worked at the site on the reordering of public life through interventions. During this studio, students participated in workshops, city tours, site visits, and lectures. This studio, the project and the final critiques aimed to investigate the complex intersection of the cityscape, social life, human behavior, intervention approaches and different hierarchies of urban design governance through the prism of realities on site. Placemaking is in the heart of the studio, very much related to local community’s assets, inspiration, and potential, with the intention of creating public spaces that promote people’s health, happiness, and well-being. We would like to express our gratitude to the Ax:son Johnson Foundation for their generous support of this master’s program,

without this, an international studio taking place in Berlin would not be possible. In addition, thank you to Dunya Bouchi and Miriam Mlecek of ANCB – The Aedes Metropolitan Laboratory in Berlin for hosting our students on their second study trip to Berlin, and to Dr. Cordelia Polinna of Urban Catalyst Studio in Berlin for delivering an inspiring overview of their completed and ongoing projects.

Tigran Haas, Ryan Locke Program Directors at the Division of Urban and Regional Studies, KTH Royal Institute of Technology Stockholm, 1 May 2018


Studio Instructors

Dr. Natasha Aruri | Urbanist, architect and activist working east and north of the Mediterranean as consultant, conceptor and manager. She is co-founder and -director of UR°BANA, a collective concerned with urban research, design and action. Within the SSHRC-financed, 7-cities research project “Urbanization, gender and the global south: a transformative knowledge network”, she is the City Research Team Lead for Ramallah. Her research focuses on cities of exasperated insecurities; spacio-politics of and resistance to (neo)colonialism; and facing uncertainties through people-based, dynamic strategies of spatial design.

urbanism and co-design strategies. Aljoscha Hofmann | Aljoscha is an urban researcher and holds a degree in architecture from the TU Berlin. He has been working as assistant professor at the chair of Prof. Dr. Bodenschatz on sociology of planning and architecture at the TU Berlin and still freelances as urban consultant for the Berlin Senate, parties, investors and developers, civic organizations and institutes as well as citizen’s initiatives. He’s currently finalizing his PhD thesis and getting involved in Berlin’s vibrant urban development scene through his engagement in multiple initiatives, e.g. “Think Berl!n” and “Stadt Neudenken”.

Dr. Andreas Brück | Urbanist and urbanite living and working in Berlin, working as researcher and lecturer at TU-Berlin’s chair of Urban Design & Urban Development (Prof. Million), Institut for Urban & Regional Planning (ISR), and is Managing Director of K-LAB (Kartography, Knowledge Mobilisation, Koordination, and Kommunication), a unit dealing with visualization and communication of the urban. His main research interests range from the envisioning of urban tomorrows, through methods and tools of urban design (especially its communication aspects), to incremental

Elahe Karimnia | Urbanist and architect living and working in Stockholm. Elahe has been working as consultant in Tehran and teaching in Stockholm. Currently, she is finalizing her Ph.D. at the division of Urban and Regional Studies at KTH. The focus of her research is on dynamic processes by which publicness of urban spaces are produced and appropriated. Through a critical research on urban design practice and engagements, her research investigates the dialectics of unintended consequences and their potentials for transformative practices.

Christian von Oppen | Christian, architect and urban researcher, trained in Karlsruhe Berlin and New York, is research associate at the Center for Metropolitan Studies (Technische Universität Berlin) and member of the Bauhaus-Institute for History and Theory of Architecture and Planning in Weimar. He was from 2007 to 2014 research associate and lecturer at the Bauhaus-University Weimar. His academic activities reach from recent urban history to contemporary urban design.

Rethinking the Public Realm

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From Designing Spaces to Co-Making Places Starting in the mid 1970s discussions on participatory urban design and planning have been slowly, yet steadily, gaining attention. Nonetheless, methods of inclusion of populations in design and making of their spaces, in order to come up with proposals that better suit the targeted beneficiaries, remained highly focused on finding modes that can operate within centralised and formal structures, and in accordance with their ‘standards’ of what ‘good design’ constitutes. Education and training programs (e.g. at universities) served as extensions to this logic, rather than incubators of the ‘next level’ of solutions. This resulted in mostly superficial participation strategies that, predominantly, collect opinions of citizens but keep the power of interpretation, decision-making and the actual implementation in the hands of governments, professionals, investors (a.o.). In cities of the global north, the latest debt crisis that started a decade ago has led to an acceleration in cutting down on public 6 |

KTH Placemaking Bundesallee 2018

services, and on the other side of the same coin an intensification in privatisation. In effect, these neoliberal (extractive) economic policies pushed vast stratas of communities into precarity. This has given rise to right-wing politics and nationalist populism, but on the bright side, it has also been feeding into the phenomenon of people taking initiative into their own hands to find and forge solutions to their needs, and there along making claims to their city spaces. Placemaking as a practice transforming (often lost) spaces into meaningful places is a growing movement that has been capturing attention and recognition as exemplified in increasing numbers of publications in recent years (e.g. Francesca Ferguson’s ‘Make_Shift City’, ‘The Self Made City’ by Kristien Ring and AA Projects). One of the key messages of such works is that practitioners of architecture and urban design and planning need a shift in mindset; from approaching cases as the ‘bearers of

remedies’ to understanding their role as conversers whose role is to help people bring their potentials together; as advisors who can make suggestions through their know-how to help people puzzle their imaginations and resources; and as curators of long-term processes with changing conditions and conflicts rather than swift deliverers of end-products. From this perspective and since cities and their built-up areas are not static but are in constant state of layering and re-making, the “International Placemaking Studio – Rethinking the Public Realm” focused on the potentials of placemaking – understood as bottom-up, self initiated processes e.g. by neighbours, local actors – in transforming anachronistic, centrally master-planned infrastructures. In this regard, Berlin with its history of reuse and re-imagination of spaces – e.g. the military infrastructures of the Berlin Wall, the Tempelhof airfield, or the re-design of the Gleisdreieck rail-brownfields into urban

parks, etc. – is a very inspiring location. It offers students the opportunity to witness such conversions first hand, and to see projects unfolding at different stages: realized, in process, and starting. The site we chose for the exercise is similar to the aforementioned in terms of potential, but without the glamour. We wanted to ground students in everyday realities and genres of spaces (as opposite to spectacular sites such as Tempelhof) and push their imaginations to come up with creative solutions for monotonous, dull and (at the moment) unattractive places. To this purpose we chose the Bundesallee – a significant motorway in the middle of Berlin that transcends neighbourhoods, and around which resident initiatives already exist, are demanding a change, and are looking for ideas. We did not select a specific site along this vast stretch, rather left the decision open to students to find the problematics and areas they regard as bearing the potentials for transformation.


This approach was initially challenging for students, yet this openness in site selection and determination of the program served a more self-induced projection, and brought students closer to professional practice in terms of people-/self-driven placemaking projects. The studio was divided into three parts. First, we had a 10-day workshop in Berlin where students had a working room right at the site. The daily schedule alternated between inputs (context, actor networks, institutional settings, suggested relevant readings, etc.) and short presentations of examples of residents-led placemaking in Berlin along 4 concepts: 1. Linearity and connectivity (through the example of Radbahn); 2. Acquiring resources and navigating local politics (Flussbad Berlin); 3. Hybridity of spaces and broad social organisation (Holzmarkt), and; 4. Productive spaces (Moritzplatz, Prinzessinnengarten). Through the lens of these concepts, students presented and discussed their reflections on the experiences and field and studio work of the previous day through 1 image, 1 map, and a short text. This structure of the exercises aimed at training students in communicating specific ideas through combining various modes of expression, while keeping a broad

perspective on the case instead of rapidly locking onto one idea. In the afternoons students were encouraged to go around and about discovering the details, places of interest, users and networks, and the hidden corners of the Bundesallee. They also attended lectures on relevant topics by instructors and guest speakers (e.g. Dr. Cordelia Polinna, who presented the work of Urban Catalyst Studio in Berlin and elsewhere), and visited examples of placemaking around the city. After this intensive immersion into the site and Berlin as a city, the second part followed with 5 weeks of in-studio groupwork to develop proposals at the homebase at KTH Stockholm. During this period students were encouraged to think about procedure rather than conceptualising fixed design solutions; about a multiplicity of potential scenarios, outcomes, and the components of these potential processes. Therein they were asked to incorporate identified stakeholders, foreseen roles, contributions and conflicts. As such, design proposals had to think not only about the locations and aesthetics, but equally about the paths towards implementation – timeline, costs and resources, and gaining the confidence and engagement of actor networks. Upon extensive discussions and

critical reflections on ideas, each group played one or more scenarios through in detail, bringing their concepts into the selected spaces of action. The intensive design weeks were followed by students returning to Berlin to finalise and present their results in front of a jury and representatives of local initiatives from Bundesallee. They discussed their ideas and potential implementation strategies, and which parts of their proposals could be taken up by the initiatives active on site. It was interesting to find out that some of the ideas had been already attempted by the locals, and this gave way for the latter to share with us the reasons of failure; therein adding to the learning dimension. To close this studio, we requested from students to re-layout their proposals into this magazine, as an exercise in documenting and making proposals available for wider audiences to reflect and build on beyond the studio.

them to think of themselves as actors with subjectivities and a responsibility to enable pluralistic, proactive communities through inspiring lived experiences of transforming unattractive city spaces into engaging places. We stressed that ‘good design’ is a question of perception and compatibility to needs and desires of users, and not an absolute judgement. We elaborated on the concept that mobilisation of communities towards progressive change, solidarity and sustainability requires puzzling with resources and spaces of commonness, and together these can become pathways for social and policy re-/learning and new making. In the end, the ‘making’ within placemaking is about action and the forging of alliances and critical mass to induce urban change, continuously along changing times. Natasha Aruri Andreas Brück Elahe Karimnia

Along this studio we tried to focus with students on their roles not as service-providing practitioners with spatial designs as assumed remedies, but rather to think more of the soft components of space – people and their social structures, civic economics and environmental issues. We encouraged Rethinking the Public Realm

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Berlin Bundesallee st – Laboratory For 21 Century Mobility And Public Space Historically, Bundesallee1 was the main boulevard of a vast garden suburb for the upper upper class designed in 1865 by businessman and urban developer Johann Wilhelm von Carstenn. Bundesallee was not only a boulevard but the central axis of a complex geometric urban design. In 1876 Carstenn went bankrupt and had to sell his property to the state. Despite Carstenn’s original street layout most of the area stayed undeveloped. In the 1890s after Berlin’s zoning ordinance was extended to the area in 1887 the area was rapidly built 1. The name was changed after WWII from Kaiserallee (Emperor’s boulevard) to Bundesallee (Federal boulevard). 8 |

KTH Placemaking Bundesallee 2018

up with Berlin-typical dense five-story tenement buildings for the upper middle class of the Wilhelmine Period. Unregarded the higher density Bundesallee became a grand boulevard along which the three squares (Spichernplatz, Bundesplatz and Friedrich-Wilhelm-Platz) created nodes of higher centrality that linked the adjunct neighborhoods. After WWII modernist urban design ideas flourished as the massively destroyed city offered a unique opportunity for planners and politicians to overcome the existent historic city. The dense tenement city of

the late 19th and early 20th century had been heavily criticized since the beginning of the 20th century for being unhygienic, unjust and fostering asocial behavior. The general wish in post war Germany to brake with the past offered the opportunity to adapt Berlin to urbanist ideas of a spatial and green city. Functional zoning and car-orientation came into heavy practice. In 1955 the redesign of Bundesallee from boulevard to throughway started. New tunnels were created to avoid unnecessary stops for motorists and front gardens were falling victim to additional lanes. The three historic squares and there grand design were


cut by new streamlined roads and tunnel ramps. While Bundesallee lost much of its former grandeur, the adjunct residential quarters preserved plenty of their historic urban design with mixed-use ground floors and vibrant smaller squares. When (West-)Berlin’s urban renaissance started in the second half of the 1980’s the concept of the car-oriented open city scape became more and more contested. The image of a city of the tower in the park connected by motorways lost its magic. Footbridges, spacious green separators, flyovers and many other urban design

elements lost their function and became symbols of a misguided urban design policy. Today’s urbanistic role models – at least for inner cities – are vibrant, pedestrian, bicycle, creative and tourist friendly neighborhoods with a dense structure and sufficient, if not plenty urban green – and, not least, featuring a sustainable post-oil mobility. This ideological shift is an opportunity as well as a challenge for existing neighborhoods. It offers the opportunity to redefine space that seem to be public space but in fact is just leftover space of car-oriented planning lacking active usages. This shift further allows including new

activities into public space. On the other hand it challenges the existing allocation of space to different users and activities, creating winners and losers. People fear raising rents through the upgrading of their neighborhoods. Motorists – especially commuters – fear traffic jams and longer rides, with the individual car being on the losing side and being pushed more and more out of the inner cities. Users of public transport fear that services will not be able to handle the growing number of passengers and thus trains will be fuller and commuting in public transport less comfortable. Debates about “the right to the city” and gentrification that precedes as well as follows the “creative class” bear witness to the cultural, economic and social shifts that happen in today’s cities. Latte macchiato and urban gardening are surely both: part of the problem and part of the solution at the same time. Placemaking strategies are one possible way to redesign these apparent barren urban landscapes. In order to get people to make for a place, the place itself has to offer more than just to exist. The manifold spaces and urban landscapes along Bundesallee offer great opportunities to think about strategies and tool for Placemaking that not only create addresses but create

opportunities for people to participate in shaping urban space. Public space thus becomes an agora that is not just being redesigned for people but that enables people to partake in public space. Students were therefore encouraged to not only think about the design but the process and ways of including people at the same time. Bundesallee, as one of the most extensive conversion of a historic boulevard to a car-oriented throughway in the inner city of Berlin, is a unique laboratory for one of today’s greatest urban challenges: Dealing with the built heritage of the car-oriented city. Building on a growing interest to reclaim Bundesallee as a boulevard for the 21st century that was fostered by local citizen’s initiatives since 2010 this International Place making Studio in Urbanism Studies at KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, School of Architecture and the Built Environment encourages students to engage with a complex urban structure as well as with a challenge that urbanist and planners worldwide face. Aljoscha Hofmann Christian von Oppen

Rethinking the Public Realm

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project title

students

Over the wall we go Atefeh Mortazavi Maryna Semenchenko Mojtaba Hakimollahi Priyanka Sreekanth


Varziner platz 12 |

KTH Placemaking Bundesallee 2018


Over the wall we go The title Over the Wall We Go was inspired by the song of David Bowie who had lived in Berlin for three years and converted this significant experience into a famous “Berlin Trilogy�. A railway and a highway A100 built in the 60s not only connected different parts of the city but simultaneously divided Bundesalee becoming a wall between the neighborhoods. Additionally to its literal meaning, this phrase can be interpreted as an effort to think outside the box, escape from unpleasant conditions or deconstruct the symbolical walls between people. Besides, another wall played a significant role in a history of Berlin which makes the title a link between the project and the city where it takes place. Finally, Over the Wall We Go represents that our project is supposed to encourage action and moving forward. The placemaking project envisions creating strong community ties in making a better place out of the existing leftover spaces in Bundesallee. Currently Bundesallee is percieved rather as a transit corridor than a place. This project identifies a stretch along the existing bridge and railway infrastructure as a key axis which in the future can create a new centrality for the whole area.

park social binder

railway line + highway line divider project site

Bundesallee

Over the wall we go

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Proposed Scenario - A Network of Connections The chosen stretch is a node of boundaries between two administrative districts (Tempelhof-SchĂśneberg and CharlottenburgWilmersdorf), and interest of other stakeholders such as a municipality, U-bahn, Deutsche Bahn, etc. A rigid wall, dark underlit bridges, unmaintained strips along the highway and parking garages are not fully used today, though, provide potential opportunities for placemaking in the future. They could be effectively transformed into a place for the community built by the community with the experts moderation. Besides, once transformed this place could serve as a prototype for similar conditions occuring along the railway line stretch throughout Berlin. Hence, providing a framework for building the community networks is the first step of the project. By identifying the local actors and creating a platform for the design we hope to provoke changes from the small events and minor interventions to the transformation of bicycle roads and underbridge infrastructure.

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KTH Placemaking Bundesallee 2018

school

Greek restaurant yoga studio

Existing Scenario - An Intersection of Rigid Boundaries

administrative border between districts

kindergarten

restaurant movie theater travel agency

school

musical instruments shop

bicycle shop


Comprehensive Analysis of the Project Site

spatial properties

Illegibility

spatial properties

Confusing

Legibility

Clear wayfinding

parking as a prevalent

parking as a prevalent street function street function

Fragmented

Connected

Lost Space physical links

Monotonous

physical links tothethe other to other side side

Darkness

noise

noise

Noise

New Neighborhood Centrality Urban Living Room

Colorful

Light

Music

darkness darkness

Over the wall we go

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More additions materialise

COST Watch Tower - a new visual dimension to the alley Launch of Placemaking Week • 10 day Street as ‘Public Space’ • Bundesalley Buddy Group formed • Each day a new activity is introduced

• Art/construction by the public • Building workshop • Market the idea of placemaking

• Skatepark/trampolin/hammocks • Open air gym • Cycling track-missing links added • Shops move in under the bridge • Climbing wall/play area

Completion of infrasructure • • • •

The Green Strip is transformed

Painting - the alley gets its true hues • Community participation in creating bright colourful spaces • Public art gets integrated into the stretch

Community Center inauguration • Underbridge parking garage transformed into a multifunctional space for the neighbourhood

Street lighting Urban furniture Cycle tracks Pavements

• Basic trails/paths laid out • Car parking removed from one edge • Kindergarten takes up community gardening • Dog park is laid out

TIMELINE 2018

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KTH Placemaking Bundesallee 2018

2020

2022

2024

2026


Placemaking Strategy

Digital Lab

Community Building

Physical Lab

Urban Actions

Design Strategies

Placemaking tools The placemaking project focuses on building the community first and then using the community as neighbourhood experts in evolving design strategies. A framework for participation and community building is proposed through the tools which are presented on this page. The #mybundesallee project launches a

placemaking week to identify local actors and volunteers who would form the Bundesalleebuddy group. This network of actors becomes a key in taking the concepts of placemaking forward with the help of experts and the municipality. This process helps in creating a sense of ownership and identity.

Urban Design

Over the wall we go

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2. Watchtower

Section A-A

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KTH Placemaking Bundesallee 2018


Design Strategies The design strategy involved identifying potential areas of intervention that could serve the community and also be built and maintained by it. 7 interventions of different scales – along the wall, under the wall, and over the wall – induce new programmes and missing links. Besides, all the proposed activities encourage people to interact with each other both during the process of installation and use. Existing car parking along the edges and the garages have been removed in making space for a continuous bicycle lane and new edge activities such as community gardens and a dog park. The bridges have been treated as a gallery space, community center, and children’s play area. A watch tower built by the people adds a new dimension to the trail and becomes a vertical urban living room.

5. Gallery space

6. Local plaza

4. Dog park and community garden

C

C

7. Community center

3. Workout and playground area

B B A

A

1. Varziner platz

2. Watchtower

Section C-C

Over the wall we go

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7. Community center

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KTH Placemaking Bundesallee 2018

Section B-B


6. Local plaza

5. Gallery space

4. Dog park

3. Workout and playground area

Over the wall we go

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project title

Alle für Allee / Allee für Alle David de Boer L’Aune Gergely Theodoros Kanakopoulos


Short term temporary events for long term effectiveness

Alle fßr Allee / Allee fßr Alle Kids growing up in cities tend to play in the street. Temporarily claiming the road as your communal play space is something we want to achieve in Bundesallee as well, aiming to build communities and changing the physical streetscape in the long run. Placemaking has taken the form of a buzzword in contemporary urban discourse, blurring its initial meaning and purpose. A refocus on the definition of placemaking as a process is something we intend to research with this project. Looking not only at the city in the sense of place, but also in the sense of time can provide insights into placemaking processes. A small urban scene where kids in a residential streets utilise the road as a playspace for a short while when there are no cars around was the main inspiration and starting point for a research-based placemaking project. Scaling this temporary space-claiming up to Bundesallee provides some challenges that call for establishing a long term vision for short term events, a set of tools to make the idea workeable in the street, and a way to kick things off. 24 |

KTH Placemaking Bundesallee 2018

What if we close of parts of Bundesallee and go longboarding down the tunnel slope, play some football, or change the street into a marketplace?


Alle für Allee / Allee für Alle

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The first task was to establish a vision of what we want to achieve with this project. Currently around a third of the surface area of Bundesallee is dedicated to driving and parking cars. We envision a future for the area that is more just in terms of mobility, democracy, and sustainability. A streetscape that has less car lanes and more space for pedestrians and cyclists, less finedust and CO2 and more greenery, and a generally more attrictive atmosphere with a large residential community that can feel proud of their street. The redesign of large urban motor traffic veins often meets with resistance by city governments, fearing that it could disrupt traffic flow and cause congestion. This should be considered when attempting to achieve the vision stated above. We intend to achieve this vision in the future not by a top-down design process, but by a series of temporary events where parts of the road space is taken over by a variety of activities. Claiming the street both puts the status quo under discussion (do we really need that many car lanes?) and sets to propose alternatives for the use of the area while building a community of local residents and getting them involved in impacting their living environment. In our vision, the people are also the first point of attention in finding out who lives along Bundesallee, but also who has (or who want to have) a say in Bundesallee. Actors are appointed and evaluated according to their roles and power. A toolset is established to easily organise activities. The project described here consists of the first phase of placemaking in Bundesallee, as the following phases will be defined by the outcomes of the first series of activities. Continuous research through phases will define the next ones. 26 |

KTH Placemaking Bundesallee 2018

Overall

PEOPLE

Age groups Social groups Residents Workers Visitors

ACTORS

TOOLS

Authorities Institutions Organizations Stakeholders Research groups Volunteers

'HARDWARE': Measuring stations Containers Benches Lighting Railing Toilets etc. 'SOFTWARE': Posters Flyers Application Info points Personal contacts

BUNDESALLEE TODAY

Permissions Preliminary studies Timing

Existing conditions

BUNDESALLEE FUTURE

PLACEMAKING PHASE 1

RESEARCH

Final report Discussion Proposals

Data collection Feedbacks

PLACEMAKING PHASE 2

ACTIVITIES

Recreation Educating Skill-building Community building Consuming Art/culture For youth For elderly For greenery


ACTORS Authorities

Institutions

Organizations

Stakeholders

Locals

The people of Bundesallee do not only take part in activities, but also the ones who organise them over tme.

Elderly care homes Universities Municipality

Volunteers

Kindergardens

Traffic department

NGO-s

Schools

Legislation

Research groups

Research

Funding

Promotion

Property owners

Local celebrities Artists

Shopkeepers

Supply

Crew

ACTIVITIES Age

For locals and visitors

Zoo

Ice cream

Pro environment

Street games

Farming

Elderly

Gardening

Sport events

Forums

Workshops

Cinema

Concert

Exhibition

Camping

Coooking

Theater

Street bar

Food market

Community building

All age groups

Flea market

Education

For free

Grown-ups

Socioeconomic status

Playground

Youth

Info point

Street food

Recreation

For money

Residence

For locals

Kids

Initially bringing people together does not happen by itself. We propose an initiative formed by us or others that will act as the main initiators of the project and the first phase. We intend this role to be temporary, transferring organisation and responsibility to the local community while that community is being built. To do this, we have to identify the actors and the roles they can take on in organising activites The actors consist of a large range of people or institutions concerned with Bundesallee, whereas some can give legislative posibilities, those who can provide funding or sponsering for the project, and of course those who act ‘on the ground’, making activities happen and being a part of it. Analysing the local residents, shop owners and passers-by also helps in creating a large variation of activities that can take place. Alle für Allee / Allee für Alle

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After identiifying the people of Bundesallee and those involved with our project, a toolset to help them to efficiently organise activities is created. This toolset is devided into hardware and software. Whereas hardware consists of the physical props and stage needed for activities to take place, the software is what is needed to establish the social capacity for the activities to take place.

Software The software for this project can be devided into two categories, analog media and digitial media. To build the community and to reach out for the audience of street activities, both are needed to achieve a maximum outreach. The posters on the first page are intended to tease, making people think about what is possible if the street is temporarily closed off. These what-if scenario posters can be spread throughout Bundesallee, popping up in metro stations and bus stops, but also advertising pillars, aparment building hallways, and shop windows as can be seen in the image below. For a digital medium for this project an app is used. An app has versatile options for connecting and enabeling the people in the neighbourhood to ogranise activities.

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KTH Placemaking Bundesallee 2018

Register

Connect

Be part of the neighbourhood

Get to know your neighbours

Be aware of the Bundesallee network

Do community and private chatting

Learn about interesting spots and stakeholders

Inspiring eachother to original ideas

Vote

Act

Decide on the hot topics

Define the people in charge

Engage people with activities

Design the communication strategy

Discuss dates and duration

Contact the city authorities

Vote on the the most suitable part of Bundesallee

Have fun


The procedure for organising an event by the local community can go as follows. Making it easy to reach out and organise is the key purpose of the app. In this example, a concert in the tunnel entrance is being organised.

Step 1 Concert in Bundesallee?

a friend of mine is a world-class famous pianist and he is wiling to play for us if we want him to.

YES!

wouldn’t it be cool to do a concert in Bundesallee? Let’s see how people feel about that.

nope ?

850 participants propose time/date be part of the team

when? when?

15th of 15th March of March

where?where?

South tunnel South Budesallee tunnel Budesallee

first meet-up first meet-up AGEN DA

AGEN DA

AFA initiative AFA initiative in collaboration in collaboration with with the Art University the Art University

who? who?

local local stakeholders stakeholders stores stores

food supply, food supply, electricity, electricity, other supplies other supplies

citizenscitizens

volunteers, volunteers, guards,guards, guides guides

big businesses big businesses facilities, facilities, equipment equipment experienced staff, know-how, staff, know-how, equipment equipment university university experienced traffic collaboration, connection connection with with municipality municipalitytraffic collaboration, utilities,utilities, law law coverage 3 coverage teams

3 teams

12

23

what is the message?

what are our tools?

concert in Bundesallee!

posters, leaflets, digital events and emails

what is our audience?

who are our sponsors?

mostly the youth, students Art University, local amentities, and families organizations

3

actionteam team design

design team communication team

action team

close the traffic to/from the tunnel

move the trailers and set them up

close the traffic to/from the tunnel

move the trailers and set them up

assemble the smaller elements in various ways

people support the events in groups

assemble the smaller elements in various ways

people support the events in groups

clean the site and store

restore the site as a stre and allow traff

restore the site as a street and allow traffic

clean the site and store zoning

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stakeholders

An app can help to let individuals present themselves as being a coordinator. People along Bundesallee can connect with each other and discuss ideas and possibilities for events. Some people may have helpful skills or social networks that can be helpful in organising certain activiites. The same app can have a voting system so that people can democratically decide what event can happen where and when. After voting, an appointed ‘Allee team’ will be in charge of organising and will reach out to other actors for legislative help (diverting the traffic), money and materials (local entrepeneurs that can sponsor or cultural foundations). An important part of the decision-making by the community is to create the physical layout of an event and to decide which amenities are needed. A versitile hardware set is proposed to help with this.

+

traffic

zoning

+

stakeholders

+

traffic

Alle für Allee / Allee für Alle

| 29


A designed ‘allee module’ together with the urban elements creates an iconic and versitile piece of hardware to enable activities.

Hardware As said before, the hardware consists of the physical props and stage necessary for events to take place. To help create an interesting and versatile space in a stretch of closed off road area, a moveable module was designed. The “allee module” is an independent 3 x 3 m unit conceptualized from the car-oriented Bundesallee. It is designed in a way that several modules can be combined into a bigger unit in scale and complexity. Simple parts from the gas station are redesigned into a small-scale movable trailer. Whereas a gas station is a car-focused structure, the allee module turns this purpose around in the spirit of our project to create a human-focused structure. Its purpose is to assist the events that take place, as it can house certain amenities for the event and helps to divide and give direction to the space. When it is not used in an event, it can be a small landmark for the neighborhood as well as attract people who randomly pass-by by offering charging facilities, wi-fi, some flyers, or even just a roof to take shelter from rain or sun. The module can be easily moved in parking spots or key corners and can be boxed and covered as well, while live data from the software can be showcased with a protected screen.

To define the purpose of the modules during events, they can be adapted to a certain use by variations of urban elements. The urban elements are made from 50 by 50 cm wooden boxes. They can be attached to each other, forming small or large elements that can be used during the events. The Allee team is responsible for these modules and elements and takes care of placing and removing them. The modules together with the element can take on the form of a bar, an information point, a market stall, a stage, or simply a covered seating area. Their design will also become the icon of the organised events in the street, and will help with the research aspect of the project by integrating sensors that measure traffic that passes by, finedust and sound. 30 |

KTH Placemaking Bundesallee 2018


A typology of road stretches helps to choose a stretch for a certain activity, since the roadspace of Bundesallee varies.

Tunnel

Regular Stretches Short stretch

Entrance

Long stretch

Other situations

Underpass

Around the entrance

Besides the physical module to define the layout of a closed off road space, a typology of road stretches is made to easily fit a certain activity to a certain road stretch. Regular stretches can have simple activities on one side of te road while traffic is diverted through the other. The tunnel entrance is sloped so it can be used for a skating slope or as an amphitheatre setting. The traffic can then be diverted around the tunnel.

On top

Adjecent to open/ publc space

Alle für Allee / Allee für Alle

| 31


B6 A9

B1

B3

B8 B12

A10 A11 B2

B4

B10

B5 B9 B7

C1

B11

C3

C7

C5

C2 C4

C6 C9

By coding the stretches along Bundesallee according to the typology, the decisionmaking process can be made more efficient in selecting a road stretch and proposing methods to divert traffic.

Making it happen For example, the stretch ‘B12’ can be chosen to have a concert at the entrance of the tunnel. Measures are taken to divert traffic, a programme is made and advertised throughout Bundesallee. The allee-team makes sure that the modules and elements are being placed in the entrance of the tunnel in accordance with the programming, creating a bar area, ticket office, information point, seating, and a stage at the tunnel. All that has to happen next is to have a great piano concert in a unique setting for the entire street and Berlin. 32 |

KTH Placemaking Bundesallee 2018

A road stretch is chosen and a layout for the space is made to create sub-areas and incorporate certain amenities.

WELCOME AREA

CONSUMING AREA

DRINK BAR

ACTIVITY AREA

SMALL STAGE

INFO POINT VENDORS

TOILETS

FOOD BAR

SCREEN

MAIN STAGE


Conclusion The example of a concert in the tunnel is not meant as a standalone event. It is part of the transformation of Bundesallee as a whole, both in a social way by building the community, but also in physical way as these temporary events add up to changing the image and use of the street in the long run. A series of small interventions, even though they each last one day or less, can be the way to change the road on a larger scale, both in space and time. By incorporating the element of time and emphasize placemaking as a process, a proposition was made that is made up of short-term and long-term processes, working together in a hollistic project that aims to shift the focus of Bundesallee from the car to the people. It is acknowledged that this tranformation, events and community building, and participation do not happen overnight. An initiative, whether it consists of ourselves, other spatial experts, or simply excited locals is crucial for getting at least the first phase of the project of the ground. After some events, the social capacity is hopefully established to carry the project to other phases, but this also requires to be fueled by constant monitoring and involvement by local and external actors. We believe that keeping the project running in the long term can be made significantly easier by designing a strong and versatile toolset from the very start, as we have shown in this project. But this toolset is not necessarily finite, as, just like the street and its people, can have the possibility to change over time.

Alle fĂźr Allee / Allee fĂźr Alle

| 33


project title

students

Verbunden Bundesallee Alina De Liseo Petersson Andrea Londakova Jelizaveta Toporova


Verbunden Bundesallee Tunnelbana Placemaking

The diagram illustrates how urban accupuncture, small-scale interventions, on specific spots can ultimately encorporate and change the larger urban context. The site is selected through analysis of spacial and social factors, developed by us and inspired by the community. The acupuncture can relieve stress in the urban enviromment just as it does in the human body. Urban acupuncture is small-scale but also catalytic interventions into the city’s fabric. To the right: A photo we took during our mapping on site. It shows how the tunnel brutaly cuts through the former park esplanade leaving trees on both sides

KTH Urbanism Studies, International placemaking studio. Alina De Liseo, Andrea Londakova, Jelizaveta Toporova 36 | 

KTH Placemaking Urbanism studies 2018


Spichernplatz concept

Bundesallee runs in a north-south direction between Berlin and Potsdam. Like a spine, it keeps the neighbourhoods in place but sadly also apart. The park esplanade it once was is but a memory; destroyed by the vehicle tunnel in the 1960s, reduced to islands and green strips in the middle of what became a barrier. Today the tunnel is an injured vertebra in need of acupuncture.

Migrationplatz

Volkspark

situation

Initiativ Bundesplatz, is a grassroots residents’ organisation whose dialogues created a wealth of information for us to use. They describe Bundesplatz as dirty, neglected and heavily trafficked, with unattractive parking lots, a lack of quality shops, and very difficult to cross. Besides critique their dialogues also included a threasure throve of dreams!

future challenge Bundesplatz(tunnel)

Traffic is decreasing and cities will face the challenge of handling major pieces of vehicle infrastructure that no longer will be in use.

present challenge

People are in physical proximity to each other but increasingly disconnected and the physical environment is not always very helpful.

Road A100 To the left: A neighbourhood map with nodes, districts and the selected site marked in pink. Though Bundesallee seems straight and alike it does consists of various, diverse and special places which the tunnel under Bundesplatz is one of.

Friedrich-Wilhelm-Platz

Bundesplatz Tunnelbana

| 37


• •

• • •

• • • •

38 | 

Aim The tunnel is a scar as much as it is a symbol. Residents envision a place where they can meet, learn and entertain. Thus the tunnel will transform from a space of traffic seperation to a space of social integration To welcome residents, world’s citizens, young and old at all times. Objectives Claim the space by focusing on one specific point Fulfill the needs of residents Propose an alternative social and environmentally sustainable approach regarding big infrastructural relics of past era and reveal unique possibilities of such spaces. Milestones ((aims of initiative bundesplatz) Rethink Bundesplatz as the heart of Wilmersdorf Reconnect the neighbourhood that’s divided by the tunnel Reuse the space underneath road A100, renewing the S&Ubahn entrances/platformes Managing the traffic on ground level only

KTH Placemaking Urbanism studies 2018


The diagram to the left shows how to reach a reunited Bundesalle. With information and cooperation from the Initiativ Bundesplatz our idea of placemaking in the actual tunnel arose. By using urban accupuncture, putting a lot of pressure and attention on one specific point, we can awaken a critical mass that will help us gain funding and power of the stakeholders and consequently release preasure for the entire road and the whole city. The Bundesplatz tunnelbana placemaking is an example of a strategy that later can be implementet elsewhere along Bundesalle.

To the right is a table showing who the different actors are; local, national and european are identyfied as well as where and when they can contribute to the project.

Bundesplatz Tunnelbana

| 39


Nudge

Long-term

40 | 

KTH Placemaking Urbanism studies 2018

Mid-term


Nudge One side of the tunnel is closed, for a “one night only“ party. Local businesses participate. It is spontaneous, fast and cheap. It leaves a wish for more.

Mid-term In-between the festivals, platforms and facades are used for spreading information of the next event. Posters are continuously adorning the streets and platforms of the S&U-bahn

Long-term All traffic is managed on street level, new connections are made between the tunnel and the U&S-bahn, the tunnel is transformed in to an original structure intended for human use and occupation.

Bundesplatz Tunnelbana

| 41


Just to put some ideas into the tunnel, and in your head...

A, View of the tropical area where one can relax surrounded by cool lighting, semienclosed spaces, comfy beds and green plants.

B View of the exhibition showing the history of the space and neighbourhood. Also visible is the space for screening movies combined with a stage for performances.

C View of the section for urban gardening and the point for information by the entrance of the tunnel B

A

Relax area 42 | 

KTH Placemaking Urbanism studies 2018

Tropical garden

Light exhibition

Bundesallee history exibition

Kino/ stage


ga rd en in g

sc re en in g

ba n

e

Ur

ov i M

Se co n

d

Co ck ta i

lb ar

ha nd

bo ok s

sm ar ke t cl ot he nt ag e Vi

The plan

To communitace with people who usualy don’t read architecural drawings, we created a graphic that illustrates with cartoons what type of activities could happen in the tunnel. See image to the left. At the bottom of the page figures a plan, a prototype of what a real festival lay-out in the tunnel could look like.

t ur co

s

ga yo

s on iti ib

od Fo

h Ex

ie rt Pa

n ba Ur

op sh

ps ho

ks or

W

e ffe Co

See, in there you kan fit lots of people, a moovie screening, a food court, light installations with places to sit and chill out, a bar and exotic plants. Things you don’t expect to find in a tunnel! Do you believe this is possible? The options are endless, but the question remains; What are you dreaming of?

C

seating area/ relax

Food court/ market area

Urban garden and vegetable market

Entrance and info point Bundesplatz Tunnelbana

| 43


To the left: Flyers for the different festivals we imagined to take place one week end every month between May and August.

44 | 

KTH Placemaking Urbanism studies 2018


Festival schedule! FRIDAY 18:00 The highway gantries are transformed by light and colour in to signs, dictating something is happening in the tunnel. The tunnel is closed of from traffic that now is redirected above ground. Underground the pre-festival work can start! The skateparks temporary modules under the A100 road are continuously rearranged. SATURDAY & SUNDAY 12.00 The tunnel opens for the public. Different installations, activites and exhibitions can take place. The tunnel and its rare spatial qualities attract creative and innovative events. Food trucks, art festivals and secret partys. The theme is different every time, keeping people curious and eagar to come. Some events are expected to happen in the dark, whilst others contrast it. The vision is to challenge the preconceptions of what is possible under ground. 18:00 Sunday the tunnel is closed and cleaned to let the traffic run though once again on Monday-morning.

The illustrasions above as well as the large one to the left visualizes the activities and the tranformation that we dream of can take place in the tunnel.

Bundesplatz Tunnelbana

| 45


project title

Mit Mach Allee Fenia Nevrokopli Marins Hettinga Michelle Pannone Nastaran Taleb Einollahi


Mit Mach Allee S HAU ACH MIT M i

M I T MACH A LLEE 2 0 1 8

Public space has become static. A place to exist, not to engage and participate. Some of the best educational opportunities come through immersion whether it be exploring a historic site, learning a language in the country of its origin or visiting a science museum. Our intention is to create a space where people not only look and enjoy public space, but where they are an integral part of its formation. In German Mit Mach means being involved and participating in the process. Mit Mach 48 |

KTH Placemaking Urbanism studies 2018

Allee interprets this as creating Bundesallee together with the help of each other. Through the participatory design process, this project strives toinstill ownership of Bundesallee in the adjacent communities. The intention is to establish a new typology of public space that more directly supports and invites participation from many diverse actors. Through this process people are empowered to define and create a public space that is flexible to their needs. The ownership of the magnets rotates

over time and allows the emergence of a complex net of spaces where features and pieces are both formed and transformed by local actors. To ensure the diversity of the magnets, a specific ownership structure is proposed consisting of one rotation every 18 months. The rotation is divided into 3 periods for a smooth and productive transition between owners. At the end of each period a festival is held, both in autumn and in spring. During the first festival, new actors work

alongside the existing owners learning about the management of each magnet and important aspects of the participatory process. Then, after six months of preparation, the new owners organize a festival on their own. In the final festival of each rotation, the existing actors teach the future owners the process. The ‘cube’ is turned by rotating the ownership between actors. The aim is to achieve arich and diverse net of spaces through this process.


US A H CH A M T MI i KA

RA

O

KE

ING EN RD A G

EN ITCH RE K U T L CU

M I T MACH A LLEE 2 0 1 8

Mit Mach Allee

| 49


concept

big magnets

turning of the cube

actors

small magnets

magnetic field

new actors

new magnets

net of spaces

Inspiration from ‘Hybrid Webs’ by Tomás Saraceno

The sculpture ‘Hybrid Webs’ by Tomas Saraceno creates a framework that supports the formation process. Silvery spider silk from different arachnid species give form to the sculpture. During the building 50 |

KTH Placemaking Urbanism studies 2018

process, the cube is turned onto its various sides, dislodging gravity and interweaving the spider web. The final space emerges where multitudes observe themselves in the very act of becoming a community: a

spatial condition of physical immersion. The process and the elements of the artwork are translated into a set of terms that define the concept. These terms include the magnet (big and small), the magnetic

field, the actor, and the net of spaces. Like the spiders in the artwork, the actors along Bundesallee will be attracted by magnets and will create a net of spaces.


■ an actor refers to ‘spiders’ or ‘spider species’ in the artwork of Tomas Saraceno

big · mag·net:

SEPTEMBER SEPTEMBER SEPTEMBER DECEMBER DECEMBER DECEMBER funding by government funding by government funding by governmentbig magnets built big magnets built big magnets built bIg magnets assigned bIg magnets to actors assigned bIg to magnets actors assigned topreparation actors ofpreparation festival of festival preparation of festival

|bɪɡ maɡnɪt| - n.

1. A ‘big’ magnet is located at a specific spot and works as an info point of the project, collecting feedback and facilitating the creation of small magnets. Although their location remains static, their character evolves over time with the change of ownership.

1 WEEK FESTIVAL 1 WEEK FESTIVAL 1 WEEK MAY MAYFESTIVAL run with actors run with actors run with actors

small · mag·net: |smɔːl maɡnɪt| - n. ac·tor:

1. A ‘small’ magnet is easy to assemble with the guidance of the provided |aktə| - n. ‘kit of parts.’ These flexible structures are built organically and strengthen of spaces upon wishes PHASE I PHASE I 1. A participant in an actionthe or net process. 2. Anbase actor canthe refer and community. to a needs person,ofathe group of people, a private organization, an institution or a governmental body. ■ an actor refers to ‘spiders’ or ‘spider species’ in the artwork of Tomas Saraceno

formation of committees formation of committees formation of committees small magnetssmall buit magnets buitsmall magnets buit

1 WEEK FESTIVAL 1 WEEK FESTIVAL 1 WEEK FESTIVAL SEPTEMBER SEPTEMBER SEPTEMBER run by actorsrun by actors run by actors

PHASE I implementation implementation of feedback of implementation feedback of feedback attraction of new attraction actors of new actors attraction of new actors

mag·net: ac·tor: |maɡnɪt| |aktə| - n.- n. big · mag·net:

1. A flexible structure that facilitates a variety of activities aiming 1. A participant in an action or process. 2. An actor can refer to attract different actors, therefore creating the magnetic field. to a person, a group of people, a private organization, an 2. A magnet can -appear different forms, a ‘big’ magnet |bɪɡ maɡnɪt| n. in twobody. institution or a governmental and a ‘small’ magnet. See also:abig magnet, magnetas an 1.■ A is located specific spotsmall and works an‘big’ actormagnet refers to ‘spiders’ator ‘spider species’ ■ a magnet to ‘the cube’ in the artwork of Tomas Saraceno info point ofrefers theofproject, in the artwork Tomas collecting Saraceno feedback and facilitating the creation of small magnets. |maɡˈnɛtɪk fiːld| - n. Although their location remains static, their character evolves over time with the change of ownership. 1. A region surrounding a magnet, defined by the force of attraction, extends to capture the attention of actors. 2. This region becomes bigger and more powerful when actors start spending time around |bɪɡ maɡnɪt| - n. magnets are formed. the magnet and small 1. A ‘big’ magnet is located at a specific spot and works as an |info smɔːl maɡnɪt| - n. collecting feedback and facilitating the point of the project, PHASE II PHASE II 1. A ‘small’ magnet is easyAlthough to assemble with the guidance of small magnets. their location remainsof static, creation built the of parts.’ flexible theirprovided character‘kit evolves overThese time with the structures change of are ownership. organically and strengthen the net of spaces base upon the wishes and needs of the community.

1 WEEK FESTIVAL 1 WEEK FESTIVAL 1 WEEK MAY MAYFESTIVAL with engagement with of engagement new actorsof with new engagement actors of new actors

1 WEEK FESTIVAL 1 WEEK FESTIVAL 1 WEEK FESTIVAL SEPTEMBER SEPTEMBER SEPTEMBER run by new actors run by new actors run by new actors

big · mag·net: small · mag·net:

1. A non-physical spatial structure that is created by the interconnectivity of magnets and their magnetic fields. 2. A The ultimate aim for an referringwith to the and built 1. ‘small’ magnet is-easy to assemble thesocial guidance of |maɡˈnɛtɪk fiːld| n. area, |maɡnɪt| -surrounding n.isofestablished framework through the structures participatory the ‘kit parts.’ These flexible are process. built 1. Aprovided region that a magnet, defined by the force of attraction, 1. flexible structure that facilitates a variety activities aiming ■ aAnet of refers to ‘the websculpture’ inofthe organically and strengthen the net spaces base upon the wishes extends tospaces capture the attention of of actors. 2. This region becomes to attract actors, therefore creating magnetic artwork ofdifferent Tomas Saraceno and needs of the community. bigger and more powerful when actors start the spending timefield. around 2. Amagnet magnetand cansmall appear in two are different forms, a ‘big’ magnetPHASE III PHASE III the magnets formed. and a ‘small’ magnet. See also: big magnet, small magnet ■ a magnet refers to ‘the cube’ in the artwork of Tomas Saraceno

mag·net: |maɡnɪt| - n. net · of · spa·ces:

MAY

transfer of actors transfer of actors transfer of actors rebranding ofrebranding magnets of magnets rebranding of magnets

mag·net·ic · field:

net · of · spa·ces: |nɛt of speɪses| - n. small · mag·net: mag·net·ic · field: |mag·net: smɔːl maɡnɪt| - n.

MAY

MAY

MAY

MAY

PHASE II SEPTEMBER

SEPTEMBER

SEPTEMBER

PHASE III

1. A flexible structure that facilitates a variety of activities aiming to attract different actors, therefore creating the magnetic field. |nɛt of speɪses| - n.in two different forms, a ‘big’ magnet 2. A magnet can appear 1. spatial is created the andAanon-physical ‘small’ magnet. Seestructure also: bigthat magnet, smallby magnet interconnectivity andintheir magnetic ■ a magnet refersof tomagnets ‘the cube’ the artwork of fields. Tomas Saraceno 2. The ultimate aim for an area, referring to the social and built framework that is established through the participatory process. ■ a net of spaces refers to ‘the websculpture’ in the artwork of Tomas Saraceno

Terminology

Timeline Mit Mach Allee

| 51


analysis

CHURCH

center

periphery

SCHOOL

Activity TRANSPORTATION HUB

ELDERLY CARE HOME

SCHOOL

CHURCH

periphery

AREA I

AREA II

center

Areas of existing activity

AREA III middle zone crossings courtyards

neighborhood AREA I

Spatial analysis

Bundesallee is a linear element bounded by Friedrich-Wilhelm-Platz in the south and the University of the Arts (Faculty of Music) in the north. The site is clearly divided into three sections of drastically different character moving along the north-south axis. On the periphery, the southernmost zone is residential, expressing the character of a 52 |

KTH Placemaking Urbanism studies 2018

high density AREA II

IMMIGRATION

diverse

TRANSPORTATION HUB

SCHOOL

CHURCH

AREA III middle zone crossings courtyards

neighborhood with small units and narrow streets. The scale changes drastically moving north--the entrance of the second zone is alarmingly clear. The street width is enormous, composed of large institutional buildings that create a business center between Volkspark and TrautenaustraĂ&#x;e. These physical structures create an unwel-

Areas of opportunity

coming and monotonous environment. The third zone, located in the northern part of Bundesallee is diverse, composed of buildings in varying scale and function. Through onsite walks, spatial and activity analysis, four areas of opportunity are identified. These areas become the locations of the big magnets. A big magnet is

ELDERLY CARE HOME

IMMIGRATION

housing

pubilc

mixed

federal

retail

embassy

hotel

elderly house

FACULTY OF MUSIC

IMMIGRATION existing small magnet existing big magnet

magnetic field

proposed magnet

activated field

IMMIGRATION

FACULTY OF MUSIC

IMMIGRATION existing small magnet existing big magnet

magnetic field

proposed magnet

activated field

located at a specific location and functions as an info point, collecting feedback and facilitating the creation of small magnets. Although the locations remain static, their character evolves over time with the change of ownership.


AG

fes sio na

nts you

ng

pro

stude

fa

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s/

rel i

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als hospit

tu cul

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children

ls

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INST

scho

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com

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cardrivers

f arts

cyclist

university o

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TRANSIT

senior hou

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LIFE

Actors

Proposed relationship between magnets and actors Mit Mach Allee

| 53


big magnets

54 |

KTH Placemaking Urbanism studies 2018


S AU H H AC M T MI - childrens play area

S AU H H AC M T MI

- lunch ledge - tool storage - planters

- writing wall

- speakers

- workshop space

- workshop space

- info point

- info point

- feedback collection

- feedback collection

- build space - material storage

S AU H H AC M T MI

S AU H CH A TM MI

- lounge spaces - projection surface

- tool storage

- workshop space

- workshop space

- equipment storage

- info point

- info point

- feedback collection

- feedback collection

Mit Mach Allee

| 55


small magnets

The small magnets have a simple structure that allows for alterations to accommodate the needs of different actors. The kit of parts provides a variety of facades, roofs, and furniture to choose from. The modular nature of these magnets also allow for different configurations depending upon 56 |

KTH Placemaking Urbanism studies 2018

the needs of the activity. To make the process more accessible, the small magnet guide includes the required materials and also the assembly. In addition to the guide, building workshops facilitate the processfurther empowering the community to build their own Bundesallee.


You are invited COME OUTSIDE FOR A WEEK OF EVENTS held on

Bundesallee Monday 7th May - Sunday 13th May

All activities free and family friendly Newcomers and beginners welcome

Invitation to the festival

For more information visit our website at :

Built kit

Festival program

https://mitmachallee.wordpress.com/ Mit Mach Allee

| 57


project title

students

FĂœNF Hans Viljoen Hanyao Chen Julia BĂźrgi


1 2 3

FUN FÜNF FUN FÜNF

FIVE PARKSBUNDESALLEE IN BUNDESALLEE

FIVE PARKS IN BUNDESALLEE When visiting Bundesallee, we observed an automobileoriented and monotonous street that discouraged pedestrian use and eliminated the possibility of nature.

Hans, Hanyao, + Julia Pre-final We also saw potential incritique Bundesalle’s adjacent neighborhoods, history, and existing 1 March 2018

infrastructure. These areas held local businesses, traffic tunnels, cultural institutions, park, and, most of all, its potential users. We perceived these existing elements as opportunities to build upon what is already there in order to improve the quality of space and life for its users.

MORE PLANTS, LESS TRAFFIC We wanted to make a comprehensive street plan to help achieve the goals of reducing car traffic and increasing greenspace. Our proposal is to reduce car traffic to one lane in each direction. This will divert traffic elsewhere, slow traffic down along Bundesalee, make a safer area for pedestrians and cyclists to use, and open up space for parks, stormwater drains, and other uses determined by residents - ultimately this “leftover” space resulting from the car lane reduction is for them to plan.

60 |

KTH Placemaking Urbanism studies 2018

To activate the space, we identified 5 key areas and corresponding stakeholders, imagining how we could engage them in a participatory manner to create spaces that serve them, while reducing traffic and increasing greenspace. These projects will be flexible to hopefully align with future trends like electric vehicles, the sharing economy, and smart technology.

1 2 3

MAIN GOALS Reducing (or responding to trends in the reduction of) traffic Increasing green space Providing programming tailored to residents or people who use the area

PHASES Temporary, low-cost, interactive installations are implemented, while traffic reduction schemes are discussed Based on user feedback, portions of longterm interventions are installed, and traffic lanes are slowly reduced Full park plans are realized, with increased green space along Bundesallee and traffic patterns radically transformed


Crosscutting stakeholders Among the identified stakeholders, four were identified as having a role that is similar across the five project sites.

Project-specific stakeholders These are stakeholders whose interests vary in strength across the different projects. Each project spread contains the icons of the stakeholder most relevant to that project.

Public transportation users + commuters Public commuters will have nicer spaces to use next to stations, but may also undergo temporary inconveniences in the construction process.

Municipal government The municipality must be brought on board to support projects. They may contribute financing in the future, but that is not likely.

Federal government The federal government has a stake in the project in front of the Federal Migration and Refugee Agency.

Elderly local residents Bundesallee is home to multiple elder care facilities. These projects aim to engage this group and improve the quality of life for them.

Car drivers + commuters These projects challenge the current conventions of how car drivers and commuters use Bundesallee and they will need convincing.

Greater Berlin voters While many of the projects would serve mainly locals, they also have the potential to attract and get the support of voters in greater Berlin.

Newcomers Newcomers to Berlin must visit the Federal Migration and Refugee Agency. The project proposed to go in front of this hopes to cater to them.

Cyclists + bike commuters The traffic scheme and park proposals plan to make Bundesallee a safer place for cyclists, hopefully garnering their support.

Local businesses Projects adjacent to businesses would have a positive impact on local commerce. Local businesses can also become financial supporters.

Children Many families live on and around Bundesallee, yet it is not a safe space for children to navigate. The proposed projects hope to change that.

Local residents We would like local residents to be excited about, contribute to, and hopefully drive these projects. They stand to benefit equally across all proposals.

Cultural institutions Nearby cultural institutions, such as the Academy for the Arts, can use spaces for events.

Flora + fauna While this stakeholder may not be a voice, the quality of the environment for flaura + fauna has a domino effect on many other parts of city life.

FĂœNF

FĂœNF

| 61


PROJECT SITES VOLKSPARK Volkspark Acknowledging the needs of typical park users, the elderly living in nearby facilities, and cyclists, the renovation of Volkspark includes interventions specifically focused on each of these groups. Over the course of the phases, a cycle track, elderly-friendly exercise and gardening areas, and a children’s playground will be installed.

99 DAY PARK Friderich-Wilhem Platz In spirit of the park’s namesake, Kaiser Friederich Wilhelm, who held the throne for only 99 days before dying, we propose a park that invokes the space’s original layout and solicits the participation of locals based on what they would do with 99 days left to live.

SPIEL PARK Bundesplatz Spiel park (meaning “play park”) asks for the participation of children and their parents in order to reclaim the tunnel and its ramps. Starting in phase 1 with temporary installations on each ramp and in the tunnel itself and continuing in phase 2 with the green-ification of the area above the tunnel and below the train tracks and highway, the ultimate goal is to create an amusement park. 62 |

KTH Placemaking Urbanism studies 2018


MASKE PARK Spichernplatz

ARRIVAL PARK Berliner + Badensche Str.

Bundesallee and its surroundings have been home to many influential characters, the most prominent of whom are to be honored as statues in mask form, allowing visitors to interact with these historical figures. By simplifying traffic and adding green space in this area, the nearby cultural institutions can have a new space to hold events for the public.

What are the needs of newcomers in Berlin and how can the city help them? In order to facilitate the transition of moving to a new country, we offer a space where people going to and working in the Federal Migration and Refugee Agency office can learn about municipal services in a consolidated way and perhaps even relax a bit.

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99 DAY PARK Friederich-Wilhem Platz 1 In spirit of the park’s namesake, Kaiser Friederich Wilhelm, who held the throne for only 99 days before dying, we propose a park that invokes the space’s original layout and solicits the participation of locals based on what they would do with 99 days left to live.

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LIGHT OBELISK An illuminated obelisk is installed to mark the area where people can discuss and share what they would do if they only had 99 days left to live. Park goes can submit these ideas from phase 1 onwards, which are translated in later phases into temporary installations.

STAGE With the church’s rear façade as a backdrop, an event platform is installed. Here, select 99-day ideas generated by residents are fulfilled or enacted every 99 days. Wishes continue to be collected and traffic lanes are reduced.

PUBLIC PARK The origial Friederich-Wilhem park was built in the mid-1800s in an oval shape. This shape is restored, with an interior layout updated to suit residents’ needs. 99-day events and idea collections continue to take place. Traffic lanes are further reduced, making room for businesses such as restaurants to use the new sidewalk areas.

“If I only had 99 days left to live, I would go somewhere where it is summer.”

A temporary beach is installed in the stage + event area at 99 day park

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“If I only had 99 days left to live, I would go bungee jumping.”

A bungee jumping carnival ride is set up


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3 “If I only had 99 days left to live, I would take photos with the people I love.”

A professional photographer and outdoor studio are temporarilyset up.

“If I only had 99 days left to live, I would want to see my favorite musician perform.”

Concerts take place

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SPIEL PARK Bundesplatz Spiel park (meaning “play park”) asks for the participation of children and their parents in order to reclaim the tunnel and its ramps. Starting in phase 1 with temporary installations on each ramp and in the tunnel itself and continuing in phase 2 with the green-ification of the area above the tunnel and below the train tracks and highway, the ultimate goal is to create an amusement park.

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SLIDES + CLIMBING WALLS The car tunnel would be closed to automobiles and its infrastructure taken advantage to create safe places for children to play. On one side, the height difference between the street and tunnel would be used to install a series of slides. On the other side, the tunnel walls would be converted to climbing walls. POOL + CAFE The side of the tunnel ramp with slides would be filled with water, creating a waterpark. On the tunnel interior, a café and bar would be installed so that parents can have their own space during the day, with adolescents and young people having a space to use at night. GREENSPACE As the lanes are reduced above ground, the leftover space is converted into a landscaped park. Stairs are installed to extend down to the interior of the tunnel, which will also slowly be converted into a landscaped area.

KTH Placemaking Urbanism studies 2018

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Title of project


VOLKSPARK Acknowledging the needs of typical park users, the elderly living in nearby facilities, and cyclists, the renovation of Volkspark includes interventions specifically focused on each of these groups. Over the course of the phases, a cycle track, elderly-friendly exercise and gardening areas, and a skate park will be installed.

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BIKE PARKING, BIKE LANES + FLOWER BEDS Next to the street, bike shelters are installed and bike lanes are added to the park’s sidewalks, creating a loop. Adjacent to an elder care facility on one side of the park, raised plant beds are installed where flowers or food can be grown.

EXPANSION Indoor shelters are installed as greenhouses, indoor activity areas, and market spaces for the elderly and others, including small local businesses, to use. More raised plant beds are installed.

SKATE + BIKE PARK The remaining central park space is programmed as a skate and bike trick park, adding activities for adolescents and young adults.

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ARRIVAL PARK Berliner + Badensche Str. What are the needs of newcomers in Berlin and how can the city help them? In order to facilitate the transition of moving to a new country, we offer a space where people going to and working in the Federal Migration and Refugee Agency office can learn about municipal services in a consolidated way and perhaps even relax a bit.

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INFORMATION PAVILION + REST AREA A pavilion is created on part of the current parking lot median. Under a pergola, an area designated for city, private, and NGO services for newcomers is providedto present their services (such as housing, child services, employment) in a consolidated manner to newcomers. The other area has benches, planters, and food kiosks.

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EXPANSION An indoor area is built greenhouse-style to house an indoor park and the information services for newcomers, which can happen year-round in this space. Traffic lanes and parking area is further reduced, allowing for better pedestrian access and more green space. TUNNEL REUSE + GREENSPACE All parking is eventually removed from the surface level and the tunnel is reappropriated as a sheltered parking and car charging area, perhaps even hosting a car sharing service. The area above continues to serve newcomers and locals as an information point and park.

KTH Placemaking Urbanism studies 2018

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MASKE PARK Spichernplatz Bundesallee and its surroundings have been home to many influential characters, the most prominent of whom are to be honored as statues in mask form, allowing visitors to interact with these historical figures. By simplifying traffic and adding green space in this area, the nearby cultural institutions can have a new space to hold events for the public.

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TEMPORARY MASKS To honor the history of Bundesalee’s famous residents, masks of their faces are commissioned and installed on poles facing one another. Park-goers are encouraged to imagine what these figures’ conversations might have been like - and to start their own.

EMBODIED MASKS The famous figures are sculpted as full bodies, seated in a cirlcle. Traffic lanes are reduced and more greenspace is added to the intersection.

3 EXTEND EXISTING PARK The park is connected to the adjacent side of the street with these traffic lanes removed entirely. This will make it safer for pedestrians and add new green space. A stage is installed for the use of nearby cultural institutions.

SOME SORT OF CLOSING The vision of these parks in each phase is meant to stimulate the imagination and inspire local residents and other stakeholders. It is anticipated that not all stakeholders will like these ideas or feel like it suits how they envision the future of Bundesallee, preventing the ultimate realization of these projects. While we hope that some of these ideas align, we very much hope that stakeholders will see them and think of ideas of their own to improve Bundesallee!

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Editors Elahe Karimnia & Ryan Locke Art direction David Valldeby, Utopi © 2018 KTH, Royal Institute of Technology, KTH Placemaking – Master’s Program in Urbanism Studies & the students. Stockholm, Sweden This work is subject to copyright. All rights are reserved, whether the whole or part of the material is concerned, specifically the rights of translation, reprinting, re-use of illustrations, recitation, broadcasting, reproduction and storage in databases. For any kind of use, permission of the copyright owner must be obtained. ISBN 978-91-7729-829-8 TRITA-ABE-RPT-1813

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PROGRAM DIRECTORS Dr. Tigran Haas, Tenured Associate Professor of Urban Planning & Design, Director of Civitas Athenaeum Laboratory (CAL) Department of Urban Planning and Environment / School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE) / KTH Ryan Locke, Assistant Director of Graduate Studies in Urbanism / Phd Fellow, Department of Urban Planning and Environment / School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE) / KTH

THE STUDENTS David de Boer Julia Bürgi Hanyao Chen Nastaran Taleb Einollahi L’Auné Gergely Mojtaba Hakimollahi Marins Hettinga Theodoros Kanakopoulos Alina De Liseo Petersson Andrea Londakova Atefeh Mortazavi Fenia Nevrokopli Michelle Pannone Maryna Semenchenko Priyanka Sreekanth Jelizaveta Toporova Hans Viljoen


ISBN 978-91-7729-829-8 TRITA-ABE-RPT-1813

Placemaking Berlin – Bundesallee  

The one-year master’s program in Urbanism Studies at KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, School of Architecture and the Built Envi...

Placemaking Berlin – Bundesallee  

The one-year master’s program in Urbanism Studies at KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, School of Architecture and the Built Envi...

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