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bl vad esa D;k gS [k+kl o"kZ 04] vad 05 tqykbZ 2018 Urjanchaltigernews

çèkku laiknd & vCnqy j'khn dk;Z-laiknd & M‚M‚-dq.kky flag www.urjanchaltiger.in Email urjanchaltiger@gmail.com Phone No. +917805875468

turk tkxh--tkxh---[kre ---[kre dgkuh

05

HkhM+ra= dk gR;kjk cu tkus dk nnZ

06

turk csgky]ljdkj ky]ljdkj ekykeky fgalk vkSj Øwjrk ls lekèkku ugha gksrk & eksnh

08

Lof.kZe eè; çns'k vc Hkh chek: jkT;

11

eè;çns'k-k-& usrkvksesa fgUnw cuus dh gksM+

15

ut+hj gqlSu&Hkkstiqjh ,DVj

28

09

lekpkj laiknd ,e-vQ+lj [kku^lkxj*

LVsV gsM 'kckuk ijohu ¼eè;çns'k½ eqds'k dqekj ¼fcgkj½ nhi 'kadj feJ ^nhi* fo'ks"k laoknnkrk ¼mÙkj çns'k½

C;wjks ukS'kkn valkjh]lksuHkæ ¼m-ç-½ vthr ukjk;.k flag okjk.klh ukfl#y gksnk pankSyh fouksn dqekj flag]flaxjkSyh¼e-ç-½ xzkfQd fMt+kbZu & rkSghn jkt+k

laikndh; dk;kZy; lh,yvkbZth 45]iP[kksjk] iksLV&cS<u]ftyk&flaxjkSyh]eè;çns'k Lokeh eqæd vkSj çdk'kd vCnqy j'khn }kjk vkbfM;y fçaVlZ cS<u]ftyk&fla xjkSyh-ls eqfær rFkk lh,yvkbth&45]iP[kksjk]iksLV&cS<u] ftyk&flaxjkSyh]eè;çns'k ls çdkf'kr &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& uksV & lHkh fooknksa dk U;k; {ks= flaxjkSyh eè;çns'k ys[kd ds ys[kuh ls laiknd dk lger gksuk vko';d ugha

mtkZapy Vkbxj @ tqykbZ 2018

i`"B la[;k & 03


संपादकय

yksdra= dks dyafdr djrk ccZj HkhM+ra= ugha] myVs muds ea=h ,sls gR;kjksa dks chrs dqN lkyks esa Hkkjrh; lekt dh xaxk ekyk iguk dj efgekeafMr dj cpko tequh rgt+hc fd jaxr esa dqN cnyko lk djrs t#j fn[krs jgsaA ut+j vk jgk gSA vpkud HkhM+ bdB~Bk gks dj fgald gks tkrh gS vkSj ,d vutku gka çèkkuea=h us ,sls ekeyksa esa oäO; fn;k] balku dks Øwjrkiwod Z ekj nsrh gSA dkSu gS ysfdu ns'k ds lcls etcwr çèkkuea=h dh tks lks'ky fefM;k ij vQokg QSyk dj ckr dk ,sls ekeyksa esa vlj u djuk [kqn HkhM+ dks fgald cuk jgh gS\ esa ,d vulqy>h igsyh gSa\ अ द ल रशीद ु ;fn fyafpax ds ekeys dks xkSj ls ns[kk tk, ;gh ugha lks'ky fefM;k ij ns'k ds fons'k rks t+~;knkrj ekeyksa esa lks'ky ehfM;k vkSj ^ckgjh ea=h lq"kek Lojkt dks ,d Hkkjrh; naifr ds ikliksVZ O;fä*ds chp nks phtsa vke gSa] oks vyx Hkk"kk cksy jgk ekeys esa vHkæ Hkk"kk dk ç;ksx djrs gq, Vªksy fd;k gS] ;k mldk igukok os'k Hkw"kk [kku iku vyx gS] x;k]vkSj mudh ljdkj ds eaf=;ksa us ekSu èkkj.k dj HkhM+ dk f'kdkj gq, gSaA fy, tcfd ehM;k fjiksVZ ls ;g irk pyrk gS dh ysfdu bu dkj.kksa esa ^fo'ks"k igpku*] ÞMjß vkSj mudh ljdkj ds dbZ ea=h ,sls vHkæ Hkk"kh lks'ky Þvkèkqfud lapkj çkS|ksfxdhß ds feyu ls ;g vkSj rst + h fefM;k ds tkacktks dks [kqn Q+‚yks djrs gSA ls QSyk gSA 2014 esa Hkktik ds lÙkk esa vkus ds ckn lq"kek Lojkt us [kqn ,sls vHkæ fVIi.kh drkZvksa dks 'kq# gqbZ fyafpax fiNys lky vius pje ij igqap xbZ tokc fn;k tks dkQ+h ugha yxrk]tc dkaxzsl çoäk FkhA fiNys pkj o"kksZa esa xk; laj{k.k vkSj xksekal [kkus fç;adk prqoZns h ds lkFk vHkærk djus okyk egt+ 48 ? ds uke ij HkhM+ ds geyksa vkSj fyafpax dh 78 ?kVuk,a kaVs esa idM+k tk ldrk gS rks vki fons'k ea=h gS]vki gqbZa] lkewfgd ccZjrk dh vfHkO;fä esa] bu geyksa vkSj pkgs rks D;k dk;Zokgh ugha gks ldrk\ vkf[kj ,slh gR;kvksa esa 29 yksxksa dh tku pyh xbZ vkSj 273 ?kk;y dkSu lh jktuSfrd et+cwjh gS ftlds dkj.k ns'k ds gks x, FksA fons'k ea=h ds lkFk vHkærk djus okyksa ij dk;Zokgh D;k jktuSfrd ykHk ds fy, n'kdksa ls ,d fo'ks"k ugha fd;k tkrk\ leqnk; ds f[kykQ ?k`f.kr çpkj vkSj rFkkdfFkr 'xk; lÙkk ds fy, jktuhfr dhft, ysfdu vfHkO;fä ds laj{k.k' dh Hkkouk dk vpkud foLQksV bu geyksa dks uke ij vHkærk djus okyksa is djokbZ ls ijgst vkSj c<+kus ds fy, ,d tkucw>dj fd;k x;k ç;kl Fkk\ gR;k ds nksf"k;ksa dk efgekeaMu lH; lekt vkSj ,sls ekeyks esa ekStwnk ljdkj us dksbZ Bksl dne yksdra= ds fy, Bhd ughaA mBk;k gks vkSj mldk vlj gqvk gks ,slk ut+j vkrk

mtkZapy Vkbxj @ tqykbZ 2018

i`"B la[;k & 04


turk tkxh--tkxh---[kre ---[kre dgkuh M‚ vkfnR; tSu ckydfo D;k dgk---ljdkj dks pkj lky gksus okys gSaA xnZusa rS;kj jf[k;s--- ge fQj ls gyky gksus okys gSaA fodkl ds lkjs lwjt blfy, if'peeq[kh gS-a -D;ksafd ge mudh gjdrksa ls ugh-- viuh vknrksa ls nq[kh gSaA oks dM+h èkwi esa jk"Vªfgr ds uke ij gesa bèkj ls mèkj ? klhVrs jgrs gSa--- vkSj ge gSa fd nksuksa gkFk tksMd + j rkfy;ka ihVrs jgrs gSaA D;ksafd lp ;gh gSa fd ge uk ljdkj cukus okys gSa-- uk 'kklu pykus okys gSaA ge rks flQZ-- rkfy;ka ctkus okys gSaA dM+ok t:j yxsxk exj lp dks Lohdkjus esa dkgs dh 'keZ gSA vjs pquko ds igys rkyh-- pquko ds ckn ekFkk--vkSj vxys ikap lky rd Nkrh ihVuk rks gekjk yksdrkaf=d deZ gSA ge dkyh vekol ds oks vaèks gSa tks ,d gh xïs esa ckj&ckj fxjrs gSaA fQj 5 lky rd xys esa f'kdk;rksa dk cksMZ Vkaxdj fpYykrs fQjrs gSa-- fd turk esa jks"k gSA vc Hkyk [kqn dh lqikjh [kqn gh nksxs rks blesa ljdkjksa dk D;k nks"k gSA njvly ;s fodYighurk mudh ugha gekjh etcwjh gSA D;k pksj vkSj yqVsjksa esa ls ,d dks pquuk t:jh gSA vxj nksuksa dks udkjuk lh[k tkrs-- rks vkt brus coky ugha gksrsA vkf[kj D;ksa gekjh vka[kksa ds Mksjs dHkh yky ugha gksrsA vjs dHkh rks mudh fxjscku esa gkFk mtkZapy Vkbxj @ tqykbZ 2018

Mkydj iwNks--- fd dy ds fuBYys vkt uk;d dSls gks x,A ftUgsa yk;d le>dj pquk Fkk--- oks ukyk;d dSls gks x,Avxj lsok gh djus vk, Fks-- rks djksM+ksa dSls dek,aA isM+ ls rksM+s ;k fcy xsV~l ls Nhu ds yk,aA gekjs fgLls dk fodkl dgk gSa-- gesa fglkc pkfg,A gesa fpjkxksa ls er Qqlykvks-a - ges vkQ+rkc pkfg,A lÙkj lky blfy, ugh lkSia s Fks fd vki yksdra= dks dyafdr djsaA ;k bfrgkl ds iUuksa ij vius cki&nknkvksa dks Lo.kkZ{kjksa esa vafdr djsaA ekuk fd yksdra= dh tM+s fl;klr ds dhpM+ ls luh gSAa exj ;kn j[kuk-- turk dqflZ;ksa ds fy, ugh-- dqflZ;ka turk ds fy, cuh gSaA gekjh rdyhQksa dks er utjvankt djksAgeus oksV fn;k gS-a -dqN rks fygkt djksAer cksyks ogh ^f?kls&fiVs* ^>wB*] ftruk cksyksx-s -mruh gh jsV fiVsxh-] D;ksafd vO;oLFkkvksa dh ;s [kqtyh- tkfye&oknksa ds yks'ku ls ugha feVsxhA;s turk eq[kZ ugha cl ekSu gSA lc tkurh gS] bu ^tEewjks* ds ihNs dk ^enkjh* dkSu gSA blus cM+& s cM+s ;qojktksa ds pqukoh Hkwr mrkjs gSAa vgadkj ls yky gq, xkyksa ij tuer ds FkIiM+ [khapdj ekjs gSaA vxj Hkkoqd gksdj pqu ldrh gSa] rks Øksfèkr gksdj gVk Hkh ldrh gSaA oä iM+us ij-- ifjorZu dk ^P;ouçk'k* pVk Hkh ldrh gSaA gekjh--vkSj ^fQjdh* er yks-- ojuk iNrkvksxsA ^? kj&?kj* cSBus ds pDdj esa ^?kj* cSB tkvksxsA fQj djrs jguk ^gkj dh leh{kk* vkSj ^ekSds dh çrh{kk* vkSj lqukrs jguk pepksa dks dgkuh--- ,d Fkk jktk] ,d Fkh jkuh] turk tkxh--[kre dgkuh--i`"B la[;k & 05


HkhM+ra= dk gR;kjk cu tkus dk nnZ njvly ;g

gR;kjh ekufldrk dks tks izksRlkgu fey jgh gS mlds ihNs ,d ?k`.kk] uQjr] ladh.kZrk vkSj vlfg".kqrk vk/kkfjr jktuhfrd lksp gSA

Ekgkjk’Vª ds vkSjaxkckn ftys ds panxkao esa lks”ky ehfM;k ij QSyk;s tk jgs QthZ eslst ij ;dhu djds HkhM+ }kjk nks yksxksa dks ihV&ihV ds gR;k dj fn;s tkus dk ekeyk lkeus vk;k gSA blls igys vle ds dkchZ vkaXyksax ftys esa HkhM+ us cPpk pksjh ds lansg esa is'ks ls lkmaM bathfu;j uhyksRiy nkl vkSj xqokgkVh ds gh O;olk;h vfHkthr dh ihV&ihVdj gR;k yfyr xxZ dj nhA dqN vlsZ igys fnYyh esa [kqysvke nks yM+dksa dks is'kkc djus ls jksdus ij ,d bZ&fjD'kk pkyd dh ihV&ihV dj gR;k dj nh xbZA dHkh xkSekal [kkus ds rFkkdfFkr vkjksih dks ekj Mkyk tkrk gS] dHkh fdlh dh xk;ksa dks o/k'kkyk ys tkus ds lansg esa ihV&ihVdj gR;k dj nh tkrh gS] dHkh NksVh&eksVh pksjh djus okys dks ekjk tkrk gS rks dHkh cPpk pksjh ds lansg esa yksxksa dh gR;k,a dh tkrh gSaA fdlku vkUnksyu gks ;k xkSj{kk dk elyk ;k vke tuthou dh lkekU;&lh ckrsa&fgalk ,oa v'kkafr dh ,slh ?kVuk,a ns'kHkj esa yxkrkj gks jgh gSaA egkohj] cq)] xka/kh ds vfgald ns'k esa fgalk dk c<+uk u dsoy fpUrk dk fo’k; gS cfYd xaHkhj lkspuh; fLFkfr dks n'kkZrk gSA HkhM+ }kjk yksxksa dks idM+dj ekj Mkyus dh ?kVuk,a ijs'kku djus okyh gSaA lH; lekt esa fdlh dh Hkh gR;k fd;k tkuk vlguh; gS ysfdu ftl rjg ls HkhM+ra= ds }kjk dkuwu dks gkFk esa ysdj fdlh dks Hkh ihV&ihVdj ekj Mkyuk vekuoh;rk ,oa Øwjrk dh pje ijkdk’Bk gSA HkhM+ra= ds }kjk gR;k dh c<+rh ?kVukvksa dk dkj.k vQokgsa gSa] lks”ky ehfM;k dh blesa egRoiw.kZ Hkwfedk gS] ysfdu os igys Hkh QSyrh FkhaA [kkldj /keZ ij vk/ kkfjr vQokgksa ds QSyus esa nsj ugha yxrh FkhA fcuk eksckby ds fnYyh esa x.ks'k dh ewfrZ ds nw/k ihus dh vQokg lSdM+ksa fdyksehVj nwj rd ?kaVksa esa igqap xbZ vkSj gtkjks& a yk[kksa yhVj nw/k cckZn gks x;kA ,d eqfLye ds ?kj ds ikl ,d tkuoj dk dadky feykA fdlh i'kq fo'ks"kK us ;g iqf"V rd ugha dh fd og xk; dk dadky FkkA fdlh tkap ls ;g Hkh lkfcr ugha gqvk Fkk fd og vxj xk; gh Fkh rks mldh gR;k ml mtkZapy Vkbxj @ tqykbZ 2018

eqlyeku us gh dhA ysfdu HkhM+ us ml eqlyeku dk ?kj tyk MkykA lkFk gh ml cw<+s eqlyeku dh Hkh tku ys yhA njvly ;g gR;kjh ekufldrk dks tks izksRlkgu fey jgh gS mlds ihNs ,d ?k`.kk] uQjr] ladh.kZrk vkSj vlfg".kqrk vk/kkfjr jktuhfrd lksp gSA ;g gekjh ç'kklfud vkSj jktuhfrd O;oLFkk ds pjejkus dk Hkh ladsr gSA khM+ra= dk fgald] vjktd ,oa vkØked gksuk vuqfpr vkSj vkijkf/kd d`R; gSA HkhM+ dHkh Hkh vkjksih dks i{k crkus dk volj gh ugha nsrh vkSj HkhM+ esa lHkh yksx vrkfdZd rjhds ls fgalk djrs gSaA dHkh&dHkh ,slh fgald ?kVuk,a rFkkdfFkr jktuhfrd] /kkfeZd ,oa lkekftd yksxksa ds mdlkus ij dj nh tkrh gSA ,sls —R; ls dkuwu dk mYya?ku rks gksrk gh gS Hkkjr dh vfgalk ,oa fo”oca/kqRo dh Hkkouk Hkh /oLr gksrh gSA ;fn fdlh O;fä us dksbZ vijk/k fd;k gS rks mls ltk nsus dk gd dkuwu dks gS] u fd turk mldks r; djsxhA vijk/kh dks Lo;a ltk nsuk dkuwuh rkSj ij rks xyr gS gh] uSfrd rkSj ij Hkh vuqfpr gS vkSj ;s ?kVuk,a lekt ds vjktd gksus dk ladsr gSA ysfdu ;gka iz'u ;g Hkh gS fd O;fDr fgald ,oa Øwj D;ksa gks jgk gS\ loky ;g Hkh gS fd gekjs lekt esa fgalk dh c<+ jgh ?kVukvksa dks i`"B la[;k & 06


fgalk ,oa vjktdrk dh c<+rh bu ?kVukvksa ds fy;s dsdM+ko`fÙk dh ekufldrk ftEesnkj gSA tc&tc turk ds fu.kZ; ls jktuhfrd ny lÙkk ls nwj gq, gSa] mUgksua s ,sls gh vjktd ,oa fgald ekgkSy fufeZr fd;s gSaA vkt jktusrk vius LokFkksZa dh pknj rkus [kM+s gSa vius vkidks rst /kwi ls cpkus ds fy;s ;k lÙkk ds djhc igqapus ds fy;sA lcds lkeus ,d gh vge loky vk [kM+k gS fd ^tks ge ugha dj ldrs oks rqe dSls djksx\s * yxrk gS blh LokFkhZ lksp us] vkxzgh idM+ us] jktuhfrd LokFkZ dh euksof` Ùk us ns'k dks fgalk dh vkx esa >ksd a j[kk gSA

,d lH; ,oa fodflr lekt esa vuko';d fgalk dk c<+uk foMEcukiw.kZ gSA ,sls D;k dkj.k gS tks fgalk ,oa v'kkafr dh teha rS;kj dj jgs gSaA ns'k esa HkhM+ra= fgald D;ksa gks jgk gS\ euq’;&euq’; ds chp la?k’kZ] }s’k ,oa uQjr D;ksa fNM+ x;h gS\ dksbZ fdlh dks D;ksa ugha lg ik jgk gS\ izfr {k.k ekSr D;ksa eaMjkrh fn[kkbZ nsrh gS\ ;s ,sls loky gaS tks u;s curs Hkkjr ds Hkky ij dkys /kCcs gSaA ;s loky ftUnxh dh lkjh fn'kkvksa ls mB jgs gSa vkSj iwN jgs gSa vkt fdrus vlqjf{kr gSa ge\ funksZ’k ekjk tk jgk gS vkSj vijk/kh lkQ&lkQ cp fudyrk gSA jktuhfr dh Nkao rys gksus okyh HkhM+ra= dh okjnkrsa fgald jDrØkafr dk dyad ns'k ds ekFks ij yxk jgh gSa pkgs og ,aVh jksfe;ks LDok;M ds uke ij gks ;k xkSj{kk ds uke ijA dgrs gSa HkhM+ ij fdlh dk fu;a=.k ugha gksrkA og vktkn gS] mls pkgs tc HkM+dkdj fgald okjnkr [kM+h dh tk ldrh gSA mls jktuhfrd laj{k.k feyk gqvk gS ftlds dkj.k og dgha Hkh dkuwu dks /kÙkk crkrs gq, euekuh djrh gSA HkhM+ bdëh gksrh gS] fdlh dks Hkh ekj Mkyrh gSA ftl rjg ls HkhM+ra= dk flyflyk 'kq: gqvk mlls rks yxrk gS fd ,d fnu ge lc bldh tn esa gksaxsA fd vkf[kj balku x<+us esa dgka pwd gks jgh gS\ ;g fdlh Hkkjh pwd dk gh ifj.kke gS fd >kj[kaM esa cPpk pksjh dh vQokgksa ds pyrs Øq) HkhM+ us 6 yksxksa dks ihV&ihVdj ekj Mkyk FkkA ;g dgka dk U;k; gS\ ;g dgka dh lH;rk gS\ gR;k dk f'kdkj dksbZ ,d lekt ;k /keZ dk O;fä ugha gksrk cfYd lHkh leqnk;ksa ds yksx bldk f'kdkj gks jgs gSaA rsth ls c<+rk fgald nkSj fdlh ,d izkUr dk nnZ ugha mtkZapy Vkbxj @ tqykbZ 2018

jgkA blus gj Hkkjrh; fny dks t[eh cuk;k gSA vc bu fgald gksrh fLFkfr;ksa dks jksdus ds fy;s izrh{kk ugha] izfØ;k vko';d gSA ;fn lekt esa iui jgh bl fgalk dks vkSj vf/kd le; feyk rks ge fgald okjnkrsa lquus vkSj funksZ’k yksxksa dh yk'ksa fxuus ds brus vknh gks tk;saxs fd ogka ls ykSVuk eqf'dy cu tk;sxkA bl iuirh fgald ekufldrk ds lek/kku ds fy;s BaMk [kwu vkSj BaMk fopkj ugha] Økafrdkjh cnyko ds vkx dh riu pkfg,A jktuhfrd LokFkksZa ds fy;s fgalk dks gfFk;kj cuk;k tk jgk gSA fdlh u fdlh fopkj/kkjk ls tksM+dj viuh lsuk,a cuk ysus dh ijEijk fodflr dh tk jgh gS] dksbZ Hkhe lsuk cuk jgk gSa rks dksbZ jko.k lsuk] dksbZ viuk gh j{kd ny cuk jgk rks dksbZ vYila[;dksa dh viuh lsuk xfBr dj jgk gSA cgqla[;d viuh lsuk cuk jgk gS rks gj xyh&ekSgYys esa Hkh ,sls gh laxBu fgalk djus ds fy;s [kM+s fd;s tk jgs gSaA HkhM+ra= HksM+ra= esa cnyrk tk jgk gSA bl fygkt ls ljdkj dks vf/kd pqLr gksuk iM+sxkA dqN dBksj O;oLFkkvksa dks LFkkfir djuk gksxk] vxj dkuwu dh j{kk djus okys yksx gh vijkf/k;ksa ls gkjus yxsaxs rks fQj ns'k ds lkekU; ukxfjdksa dk D;k gksxk\ ns'k cny jgk gS] ge bls ns[k Hkh jgs gSaA ,d ,slk ifjorZu ftlesa vijk/kh cs [kkSQ ?kwe jgs gSa vkSj HkhM+ [kqn QSlyk djus yxh gSA HkhM+ra= dk vijk/k esa 'kkfey gksuk] mls tk;t Bgjkuk ;k fQj [kkeks'kh ls ns[kdj vkxs c<+ tkuk fgalk dks c<+kok nsuk gSA ;fn bl ço`fÙk dks rqjUr jksdk ugha x;k rks ;g nss'k rckg gks tk,xkA ,sls gR;kdkaM ns'k ij vkRe?kkrh geyk gSaA Hkkjr dk tura= vkne [kksj HkhM+ra= esa ifjofrZr gks jgk gSA bls jksduk gksxk vkSj blds fy, ge lHkh dks igy djuh gksxhA fgalk ,slh fpauxkjh gS] tks fufeÙk feyrs gh HkM+d mBrh gSA blds fy;s lÙkk ds djhch vkSj lÙkk ds fojks/kh gtkjksa rdZ nsaxs] gtkjksa ckrsa djsaxs ysfdu ;g fn'kk Bhd ugha gSA tc lekt esa fgalk dks xyr izksRlkgu feysxk rks mldh fpauxkfj;ksa ls dksbZ ugha cp ik;sxkA i`"B la[;k & 07


vkoj.kdFkk

turk csgky]ljdkj ky]ljdkj ekykeky

fQ+jnkSl [k+ku dsæa dh Hkkjrh; turk ikVÊ ljdkj us pkj lky iwjs dj fy, gSaA bu pkj lkyksa dks ysdj Hkkjrh; turk ikVÊ ds usrk vkSj ljdkj viuh dke;kch ds fdrus gh nkos dj ysa] ysfdu gd+hd+r ;gh gS fd gj ekspZs ij dsæa ljdkj ukdkjk gh lkfcr gqbZ gSA gkyr ;g gS fd vke vkneh dks balkQ+ feyus dh ckr rks nwj] [k+nq lokZsPp U;k;ky; ds pkj ttksa dks balkQ+ ds fy, turk ds chp vkuk iM+kA viuh ukdkfe;ksa dks Nqikus ds fy, ljdkj us ges'kk x+Sj t+:jh eqíksa dks gok nh gSA voke us f'k{kk dh ckr dh] rks f'k{kk O;oLFkk dks csgrj cukus dh ctk; ts,u;w vkSj vyhx<+ eqfLye ;wfuoflZVh esa fookn iSnk fd, x,A voke us jkst+xkj ekaxk] rks uksVcanh dj mUgsa cSd a ds lkeus d+rkjksa esa fnu&jkr [kM+k jgus ij etcwj dj fn;k x;kA LokLF; lsokvksa dh ckr djsa] rks xksj[kiqj ds e`r cPpksa dh yk'ksa lkeus vk tkrh gSaA vkWDlht+u dh deh ls fdl rjg os rM+i&rM+i dj ekSr dh vkx+ks'k esa pys x,A njvly] eqëhHkj vehjksa dks NksM+dj ns'k dh voke dk cqjk gky gSA vkye ;s gS fd rht&R;kSgkjksa ds fnuksa esa Hkh yksxksa ds ikl dke ugha gSaA ckt+kj esa Hkh eanh NkbZ gqbZ gSA nqdkunkj fnu Hkj xzkgdksa dk bart+kj djrs gS] ysfdu tc yksxksa ds iSls gksaxs] rHkh rks os dqN [k+jhn ik,axsA cM+s m|ksxifr;ksa dks NksMd + j ckd+h NksVs dke&èkaèks djus okyksa ds dke BIi gksdj jg x, gSaA csjkst+xkjh de gksus dh ctk; fnuksfnu c<+ jgh gSA mtkZapy Vkbxj @ tqykbZ 2018

ns'k dh voke =kfgeke&=kfgeke dj jgh gS vkSj ,sls esa dsæa ljdkj vkSj Hkkjrh; turk ikVÊ ds usrk vius pkj lky ds 'kkludky dh miyfCèk;ka fxukrs ugha Fkd jgs gSaA cs'kd bu pkj lkyksa esa dsaæ ljdkj dk dkQ+h Hkyk gqvk gSA mlds [k+t+kus yxkrkj Hkj jgs gSAa isVªksy ij Hkkjh ,Dlkbt+ MîwVh ls dsæa dks Hkkjh equkQ+k gqvk gSA fiNys pkj lky ds nkSjku blls ljdkj dks 150 xquk t+~;knk jktLo feyk gSA x+kSjryc gS fd fiNyh dkaxzsl usr`Ro okyh la;ä q çxfr'khy xBcaèku ¼;wih,½ ljdkj dh ,Dlkbt+ MîwVh esa eksnh ljdkj 126 Q+hln c<ksrjh dj pqdh gSA isVªksy ij tgka dsæa vkSj jkT; ljdkjsa ekykeky gksrh gSa] ogha miHkksäkvksa dks Hkkjh uqd+lku gksrk gSA dsaæ ljdkj isVªksy ij ,Dlkbt+ MîwVh yxkrh gS vkSj jkT; ljdkj vius Lrj ls oSV vkSj fcØh dj yxkrh gSa] ftlls bldh d+her cgqr t+~;knk c<+ tkrh gSA fiNys lky ekpZ esa isVªksfy;e ea=h èkeZsaæ çèkku us yksdlHkk esa crk;k Fkk fd ,d vçSy 2014 dks eksnh ljdkj ls igys isVªksy ij ,Dlkbt MîwVh 9-48 #i;s vkSj Mhty ij 3-56 #i;s FkhA egt+ nks lky esa ,uMh, ljdkj us ,Dlkbt VSDl esa 126 Q+hln dk bt+kQ+k fd;k] ftlls ,Dlkbt MîwVh c<+dj 21-48 #i;s gks xbZA Mht+y ij Hkh ,Dlkbt VSDl dh nj t+~;knk jghA ekpZ 2016 rd Mhty ij pkj ckj ,Dlkbt+ MîwVh esa c<+ksrjh dh xbZ] ftlls 3-56 ls c<+dj VSDl 17-33 #i;s gks x;kA bl nkSjku eksnh ljdkj us 144 Q+hln t+~;knk dekbZ dhA i`"B la[;k & 08


dgk fd nksuksa us tkfrokn ds f[kykQ yM+kbZ dh vkSj lkekftd lkSgkæZ ds fy, dke fd;kA mUgksua s Hkkjrh; tu la?k ds laLFkkid ';kek çlkn eq[ktÊ dk gokyk nrs gq, dgk fd ubZ fnYyhAAçèkkuea=h ujsæa eksnh us og ges'kk Hkkjr dh ,drk vkSj jfookj¼24twu2018½ dks ns'kokfl;ksa ls v[kaMrk ds fy, dke djrs jgsA eu dh ckr dhA eu dh ckr esa çèktfy;kaokyk ckx gR;kdkaM ds ckjs esa kuea=h ujsUæ eksnh us dgk fd fgalk vkSj ckr djrs gq, eksnh us dgk fd bl Øwjrk ls dHkh fdlh leL;k dk lekèkku ?kVuk ds 100 o"kZ iwjs gksus okys ugha fd;k tk ldrkA thr ges'kk 'kkafr gSaAbls ge dSls Lej.k djsa]ge lc vkSj vfgalk dh gksrh gS];kx vkSj bl ij lksp ldrs gSa ] ysfdu bl ?kVuk us tks vej cfynku dh gksrh gSA xq: ukud vkSj dchj nkl dk gokyk nsrs gq, eksnh us lUns'k fn;k ] mls ge ges'kk ;kn j[ksaA

fgalk vkSj Øwjrk ls lekèkku ugha gksrk & eksnh

eksnh ljdkj us foÙkh; o"kZ 2014&5 esa lsaVªy ,Dlkbt MîwVh ls 99-184 yk[k djksM+] LVsV oSV vkSj lsYl VSDl ls 137-157 yk[k djksM+] lky 2015&16 esa 178591 vkSj 142-848 vkSj lky 2016&17 esa 242-691 vkSj 166-378 yk[k djksM+ #i;s olwysA ;kuh blls ljdkj ftruk t+~;knk Q+k;nk gqvk] turk dks mruk gh uqd+lku mBkuk iM+kA dkaxzsl vè;{k jkgqy xkaèkh us çèkkuea=h eksnh ljdkj dks rsy ds nke de djus dk pkSysat nsrs gq, dgk Fkk fd rsy dh d+hers de dhft,] ojuk ge vkidks etcwj dj nsaxsA blds ckn dsæa ljdkj us Mht+y vkSj isVªksy dh d+her esa ,d iSls dh deh dj nhA bl ij jkgqy xkaèkh us çèkkuea=h ij rat+ djrs gq, dgk gS fd vkius isVªksy vkSj Mht+y dh d+herksa esa ,d iSls dh dVkSrh dh gSA ,d iSlk!! vxj ;s vkidk et+kd+ djus dk rjhd+k gS] rks ;s cpdkuk vkSj csgn ?kfV;k gSA ,d iSls dh dVkSrh esjs }kjk fn;k x, ¶;q,y pkSyst a dk okftc tokc ugha gSAHkkjrh; turk ikVÊ ljdkj ds 'kkludky esa ?kksVkys Hkh [k+wc gq, gSaA lwpuk ds vfèkdkj ds rgr Hkkjrh; fjt+oZ cSd a ls ekaxh xbZ ,d tkudkjh ds eqrkfcd+ lky 2014&2015 ls 2017&2018 ds chp ns'k ds vyx&vyx cSd a ksa ls 19000 ls t+~;knk èkks[kkèkM+h ds ekeys lkeus vk, gSa] ftuesa 90 gt+kj djksM+ #i;s ls t+~;knk dk ?kksVkyk gqvk gSA vçSy] 2017 ls ekpZ] 2018 ds chp cSad èkks [kkèkM+h ds 5152 ekeys nj fd, x,] ftuesa 28]459 djksM+ #i;s 'kkfey gSaA blls igys lky 2016&17 esa 5076 cSd a ?kksVkys gq,] ftuesa 23]933 djksM+ #i;s dh èkks[kkèkM+h gqbZA x+kSjryc gS fd dsaæh; tkap C;wjks vkSj çorZu funs'kky; tSlh dbZ dsæa h; tkap ,tsafl;ka m|ksxifr;ksa }kjk fd, x, èkks[kkèkM+h ds ekeyksa dh r¶+rh'k dj jgh gSaA buesa uhjo eksnh vkSj esgy q pksdlh }kjk fd;k x;k 12 lkS djksM+ ls t+~;knk dk iatkc us'kuy cSad ?kksVkyk Hkh 'kkfey gSA Hkys gh Hkkjrh; turk ikVÊ t'u euk jgh gS] ysfdu mtkZapy Vkbxj @ tqykbZ 2018

foi{kh ny bls foÜokl?kkr ds rkSj ij ns[k jgs gSa] ogha voke Hkh ljdkj ls fglkc ekaxus yxh gSA eksnh ljdkj ds pkj lky iwjs gksus ij dkaxzsl us ,d iksLVij tkjh fd;k gSA dkaxzsl ds jk"Vªh ; egklfpo v'kksd xgyksr dk dguk gS fd eksnh ljdkj ds pkj lky turk ls foÜokl?kkr tSlk gSA mUgksua s dgk fd vke vkneh dk Hkjkslk ljdkj ls mB pqdk gSA okenyksa us Hkh ljdkj ij turk ls foÜokl?kkr djus dk vkjksi yxkrs gq, dgk gS fd ns'k ds lHkh rcd+s ljdkj ls ijs'kku gSaA d+kfcys&x+kSj gS fd fiNys pkj lkyksa esa ns'k dh gkyr cn ls cnrj gqbZ gSA ns'k esa et+gc vkSj tkfr ds uke ij oSeU; c<+k gS] yksxksa esa vfoÜokl c<+k gSA mudk pkSu&veu çHkkfor gqvk gSA mudh jkst+ejkZ dh ft+Unxh eqrkflj gqbZ gSA nknjh ds v[k+~ykd gR;kdkaM ls lekt esa dVqrk c<+h] tcfd vkj{k.k dks ysdj pys vkanksyu dh otg ls tkfrxr oSeU; c<+ksrjh gqbZ gSA c<+rh egaxkbZ us yksxksa dk thuk nqÜokj dj fn;k gSA rht&R;kSgkjksa ds jax Qhds iM+ x, gSa] D;ksfa d csjkst+xkjh vkSj egaxkbZ dh otg ls yksx t+:jr dk iwjk lkeku rd [k+jhn ugha ik jgs gSaA vc tc bl ljdkj dks pkj lky iwjs gks x, gSa] rks ,sls esa yksx mu oknksa ds ckjs esa loky djus yxs gSa] tks Hkkjrh; turk ikVÊ us lÙkk esa vkus ls igys turk ls fd, FksA rc yksxksa dks yxk Fkk fd ns'k esa ,slk 'kklu vk,xk] ftlesa lc ekykeky gks tk,axs] exj tc dsæa esa Hkkjrh; turk ikVÊ dh ljdkj cu xbZ vkSj egaxkbZ us viuk jax fn[kkuk 'kq: fd;k] rks yksxksa dks yxk fd blls rks igys gh os lq[k ls ft+Unxh xqt+kj jgs FksA ,slk ugha gS fd vPNs fnu ugha vk, gSa] vPNs fnu vk, gSa] ysfdu eqëh Hkj vehjksa ds fy,A cgjgky] çèkkuea=h us mu pqukoh oknksa dks pqukoh tqeys dgdj Vky pqds gSa] ysfdu turk Vkyus ds ewM esa fcYdqy ugha gSA i`"B la[;k & 09


tuljks tuljksdkj

eksnh ljdkj eqæk yksu ;kstuk esa ?kksVkys dh vk'kadk]c<+ k]c<+k ,uih, mtkZapy Vkbxj C;wjks - eksnh ljdkj dh eqæk yksu ;kstuk ftlds lgkjs ljdkj ;qokvks dks jkstxkj nsus dk oknk fuHkkus dk Lokax jpk tk jgk FkkOgh eqæk yksu ;kstuk ljdkj dks gh i'kksis'k esa Mky fn;k- gS- rktk vkadM+s ds vuqlkj eqæk yksu dk ,uih, vc 14 gtkj 358 djksM+ dk gks pwdk gS];kuh bl yksu dks pqdk, tkus dh lEHkkouk cgqr de gS-Hkfo"; esa ;g vkadM+s c<+ Hkh ldrs gS-a ;g ;kstuk foi{kh ny dkaxsl z ds t+ekus dh ugha gS blfy, bl vlQy ;kstuk dk Js; Hkktik daxzsl dks ns ugha ldrh- Hkktik ekus ;k u ekus ysfdu eqæk yksu ;kstuk mudh ljdkj ds fy, ljnnZ dk lcc cu ldrk gS D;ksafd tgk¡ ,d vkSj ,uih, vkSj c<+us dh laHkkouk gS ogh Lojkstxkj ds nkos gokgokbZ gS- eqæk yksu ;kstuk dks vkèkkj cuk dj csjkstxkj ;qokvksa dks nks djksM+ jkstxkj nsus ds oknksa ij tks Hkze dk tks ejge ljdkj yxk jgh Fkh] mldh gdhdr eqæk yksu esa c<+rs ,uih, ls lcds lkeus vk jgh gS-

eqæk yksu

py lds ds eqæk yksu ds tfj;s fdrus jkstxkj ckt+kj esa vk;k gS-ljdkj cl ;g eku jgh ds ftrus yksu ckaVs x, mrus jkstxkj ckt+kj esa vk x,-ysfdu flDds dk nwljk igyw ;g Hkh gS dh eqæk yksu ysdj Lojkstxkj ds tks nkos fd, tk jgsa gS]og Bhd ugha gS12 djksM+ 78 yk[k yksxksa esa ls flQZ 17 yk[k 57 gtkj yksxksa dks gh eksVh jd+e dk yksu feyk gS tks dqy vkadM+s dk 13Qhlnh gS-blls bl ckr dh rLnhd gks tkrh gS ds yksu ysdj dkjksckj 'kq: djus okyksa dh la[;k cgqr de gS-

cSd a dks ljdkj ds funZ's k dk bartkj bl ekeys esa cSadks us ljdkj vkSj vkjchvkbZ dks lkQ+ rkSj ij ;g tkudkjh ns fn;k gS dh eqæk yksu esa ,uih, vkSj Hkh c<+ ldrk gS-,sls esa ljdkj crk, eqæk yksu ds rgr vkxs D;k fd;k tk,\ cSd a ks dks ljdkj vkSj vkjchvkbZ ds vxys funZs'k dk bart+kj gS- eqæk ;kstuk ds rgr vc rd 12 djksM+ 78 yk[k yksxks dks yksu fn;k tk pwdk gS-

;g yksu rhu vyx vyx dSVsxjh f'k'kq]fd'kksj vkSj r#.k ds :i esa fn;k tkrk gS-f'k'kq dSVxjh ds rgr 50 gtkj #i, rd vkSj r#.k ds rgr 05yk[k #i, rd vkSj r#.k ds rgr 5yk[k ls 10 yk[k #i, rd yksu fn, tkrs gSa-

eqæk yksu ls Lojkstxkj ds nkos Bksl ughalw=ksa fd ekus rks ;g lcls fnypLi gS] ds ,slk dksbZ ljdkjh vkadM+k ljdkj ds ikl Hkh ugha ftlls irk mtkZapy Vkbxj @ tqykbZ 2018

i`"B la[;k & 10


dks igys iSj esa xksyh pykuh pkfg, Fkh ysfdu] ç'kklu us bldk è;ku u j[krs gq, lhèks xksyh nkx nhA ftlds pyrs 5 yksxksa dks viuh tku xaokuh iM+hA fu;e gS fd ;fn vfrvko';d gks rks lcls igys iSj esa xksfy;ka pykb tk,] ysfdu iqfyl us lhus ij xksfy;ka ekjh fQj Hkh DyhufpV ns nh xbZA

vUunkrk

vk;ksx us xksyhdkaM esa fuyafcr

eanlkSj xksyhdkaM&xksyh pykuk furkar vko';d vkSj U;k;laxr Fkk&fjiksVZ jktuhrh vkSj d+kuwuh nkoisap ds vkxs ,d ckj fQj fdlkuksa gkj x;k] eè; çns'k ds eanlkSj esa fdlku vkanksyu ds nkSjku twu 2017 dks gq, xksyhdkaM esa ikap fdlkuksa ds flus ij xksyh ekjus okys iqfyl vkSj lhvkjih,Q ds tokuksa dks tfLVl tsds tSu vk;ksx us Dyhu fpV ns nhA;kuh mlds ekSr ds fy, dksbZ ftEenkj ughaA vc fdlku dh ekSr dk dher ljdkjh eqvkotk gh feysxkA

gq, dysDVj Lora= dqekj vkSj ,lih vksih f=ikBh dks Hkh lhèks rkSj ij nks"kh ugha Bgjk;k gSA vk;ksx us ekuk fd dysDVj@,lih ds leUo; esa deh ds dkj.k fgalk HkM+dh fQj Hkh nksuksa dks Dyhu fpV ns nh xbZA

loky ;g gS ds D;k eqvkctk gh balkQ gksxk];fn ,slk gqvk rks vius gd+ ds fy, vkUnksyu djus okys HkhM+ esa ekjs tkus okyksa dks Hkfo"; esa dHkh U;k; feysxk\

tSu vk;ksx dh tkap fjiksVZ ds dqN va'k

• •

ukS eghus nsjh ls is'k dh xbZ bl fjiksVZ esa dgk x;k gS fd rRdkyhu ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa HkhM+ dks frrj&fcrj djus vkSj iqfyl cy dh thou j{kk ds fy, xksyh pykuk furkar vko';d vkSj U;k;laxr FkkA vk;ksx dks eanlkSj xksyhdkaM ij viuh fjiksVZ rhu eghus igys gh lkSaiuh Fkh] ysfdu bldk dk;Zdky c<+k fn;k x;k FkkA tfLVl tsds tSu vk;ksx dh fjiksVZ esa iqfyl vkSj ftyk ç'kklu dk lwpuk ra= detksj vkSj vkilh lkeatL; u gksus ds dkj.k vkanksyu mxz gqvkA fdlku vkSj vQljksa ds chp laoknghurk ds dkj.k ftyk ç'kklu dks mudh ekaxksa vkSj leL;kvksa dh tkudkjh ugha Fkh ftUgsa tkuus dk ç;kl Hkh ugha fd;k x;kA fjiksVZ ds eqrkfcd iqfyl vkSj ftyk ç'kklu ra= vkSj vkilh lkeatL; ds pyrs gh ftys esa vkanksyu us tksj idM+ fy;k vkSj mxz gks x;k FkkA fjiksVZ esa xksyh pykus ds fu;eksa ds mYya?ku dh ckr Hkh dgh xbZ gSA njvly] fu;eksa ds vuqlkj iqfyl mtkZapy Vkbxj @ tqykbZ 2018

• •

lhvkjih,Q dh xksfy;ksa ls 2 fdlkuksa dh ekSr vkSj 3 ?kk;yA iqfyl dh xksfy;ksa ls 3 fdlkuksa dh ekSr vkSj 3 ?kk;yA lhvkjih,Q vkSj iqfyl dk xksyh pykuk u rks vU;k; iw.kZ gS u gh cnys dh Hkkouk ls mBk;k x;k dneA ftyk ç'kklu us ?kVuk ds iwoZ tks dne mBk, oks i;kZIr ugha FksA vçf'kf{kr iqfyl cy ls HkhM+ dks frrj&fcrj djus vkalw xSl ds xksys pyok, x, tks vlQy lkfcr gq,A vk;ksx us ?kVuk ds 100 fnu ckn viuh dkjZokbZ 'kq: dh vkSj 211 xokgksa ds c;ku fy, ftuesa 185 vke turk ls Fks vkSj 26 ljdkjh xokg FksA

eanlkSj xksyhdkaM twu 2017 esa eè;çns'k esa fdlkuksa us dtZekQh lfgr vU; ekaxksa dks ysdj vkanksyu fd;k FkkA blh nkSjku fgalk HkM+dus ij iqfyl us eanlkSj esa Ng twu dks fdlkuksa ij xksyh pykbZ Fkh] ftlesa ikap fdlkuksa dh ekSr gqbZ Fkh vkSj NBs fdlku dh fiVkbZ ls tku xbZ FkhA ftlds ckn eq[;ea=h f'kojkt flag pkSgku us ?kVuk dh U;kf;d tkap ds vkns'k fn, FksA i`"B la[;k & 11


eè; çns'k

Lof.kZe eè; çns'k vc Hkh chek: jkT; esa eè;çns'k ds 18 ftys 'kkfey gS tks dqiks"k.k] Hkq [kejh] cky o ekr` e`R;q dh Å¡ph njksa] csjkst+xkjh] eq[;ea=h f'kojkt flag pkSgku vkSj mudh ljdkj ds cnygky f'k{kk] LokLF; lsokvksa] is;ty tSlh ewyHkwr yksx ;g nkok djrs ugha Fkdrs gSa fd eè;çns'k lqfoèkkvksa dks ysdj ns'k ds cnrj ftyksa esa 'kkfey rjDdh dh jkg ij pyrs gq, chek: jkT; ds rexs gSa] ;s 18 ftys vkfnoklh cgqy ftys gSadks dkQh ihNs NksM+ pwdk gS] Lof.kZe eè;çns'k ds bl lky fnlEcj esa Hkktik dks lwcs dh lÙkk esa vk;s nkoksa] fodkl nj ds vkadM+ksa] lcls T;knk —f"k deZ.k gq, iaæg lky iwjs gks tk;saxsa- blls igys uoacj esa vokMZ ds esMy vkSj csfglkc foKkiu ds lgkjs ;s f'kojkt flag pkSgku Hkh crkSj eq[;ea=h vius 13 ekgkSy cukus dh dksf'k'k dh tkrh gS fd eè;çns'k us lky iwjs dj ysax-sa tkfgj gS ;s ,d cM+k vjlk gS ,sls cM+h rsth ls rjDdh dh gS- ;gka rd fd f'kojkt flag esa loky mBuk ykfteh gS fd brus yEcs le; rd pkSgku dh ljdkj ^vkuan ea=ky;* [kksyus okyh igyh lÙkk esa jgus ds ckn lwcs dh ljdkj Hkh cu pqdh gSLof.kZe eè;çns'k ds nkoks]a fodkl nj ds fLFkfr esa D;k lqèkkj gq, gSa \ ysfdu tehuh gkyr ns[ksa rks vkadM+k]sa lcls T;knk —f"k deZ.k vokMZ ds çns'k dh cM+h vkcknh vkuan esa esMy vkSj csfglkc foKkiu ds lgkjs ;s eq[;ea=h pkSgku turk dks ugha gS] vkadM+s bl ckr dh ekgkSy cukus dh dksf'k'k dh tkrh gS fd yqHkkus okyh ?kks"k.kkvksa ds fy, Hkh [kkls e'kgwj gSa- bldh otg pqxyh djrs gSa fd rFkkdfFkr eè;çns ' k us cM+ h rs t h ls rjDdh dh gS ls mUgsa ?kks"k.kkohj eq[;ea=h Hkh eè;çns'k ekMy ds nkos [kks ;gka rd fd f'kojkt fla g pkS g ku dh dgk tkrk gS- gkykafd ,d [kys gS-a tehuh gkykr crk jgs gSa fd reke vkadM+sckth vkSj ljdkj ^vkuan ea=ky;* [kksyus okyh igyh n'kd dk vuqHko crkrk gS fd buesa ls T;knkrj ?kks"k.kk;sa nkoksa ds ckotwn eè;çns'k ljdkj Hkh cu pqdh gStehu ij mrjrh gqbZ fn[kkbZ Þchek# çns'kß ds rexs ls cgqr ugha iM+rh gSa- ebZ 2010 esa eè;çns'k foèkkulHkk ds vkxs ugha c<+ ldk gS- fiNys fnuksa uhfr vk;ksx ds fo'ks"k l= esa eq[;ea=h f'kojkt us eè;çns'k ds lhbZvks vferkHk dkar us eè;çns'k dks fiNM+k çns'k lokZaxh.k vkSj lekos'kh fodkl ds fy;s 70-lw=h; dgds blh ckr dh iqf"V dh gS- gkykafd ckn esa mUgsa ladYi çLrqsr fd;k Fkk ftlesa çns'k esa [ksrh dks ykHk bldks ysdj lQkbZ Hkh is'k djuh iM+h- ysfdu rc dk èkaèkk cukus] ewyHkwr lsokvksa ds foLrkj ds lkFk rd bls foi{kh dkaxzsl us yid fy;k Fkk- usrk çfri{k vèkkslajpuk dk fujarj lq–<+hdj.k djus] fuos'k dk vt; flag us eq[;ea=h f'kojkt flag pkSgku ij geyk vuqdwy okrkoj.k fufeZr djus] lcdks xq.koÙkkiw.kZ f'k cksyrs gq;s mudh ljdkj dks iSlk] çpkj] çiap vkSj {kk ,oa LokLF; O;oLFkk miyCèk djus] lq–<+ lqj ik[kaM dh ljdkj crk;k vkSj muls >wB cksyus ds {kk ,oa dkuwu O;oLFkk LFkkfir djus tSls fcanq 'kkfey fy, çns'k dh turk ls ekQh ekaxus dks dgkFksblls igys uhfr vk;ksx us fiNys lky vDVwcj esa vkt bl ladYi dks vkB lky iwjs gks pqds gSa ysns'k ds ftu 201 lcls fiNM+s ftyksa dh lwph tkjh fdu ;s oknksa dh iksVyh cudj gh j[ks gq;s gS-a dh Fkh mlesa eè;çns'k rhljs LFkku ij Fkk- bl lwph

tkosn vuhl

mtkZapy Vkbxj @ tqykbZ 2018

i`"B la[;k & 12


blh rjg ls lkaf[;dh ea=ky; dh gkfy;k vkadM+s crkrs gSa fd lwcs dh çfr O;fä vk; vHkh Hkh jk"Vªh; vkSlr ls vkèkh gS vkSj blds c<+us dh j¶rkj cgqr

[kh gS- jkT; ljdkj LokLF;] f'k{kk] iks"k.k vkSj vU; lkekftd {ks=ksa esa de fuos'k djrh gS] fjiksVZ ds vuqlkj e-ç lkekftd {ks=ksa esa vius ctV dk 39 çfr'kr fgLlk gh [kpZ djrk gS tcfd bldk jk"Vªh; vkSlr 42 çfr'kr gS“kk;n ;gh otg gS fd vkt Hkh eè;çns'k f'k'kq e`R;q nj esa igys vkSj dqiks"k.k esa nwljs uacj ij cuk gqvk gSblds fy;s reke ;kstukvksa] dk;ZØeksa vkSj ikuh dh rjg iSlk [kpZ djus ds ckotwn fLFkfr esa dksbZ [kkl cnyko ugha vk;k gS- dqiks"k.k ds ekeys esa eè;çns'k yEcs le; ls cnukeh dk na'k >sy jgk gS- jk"Vªh; ifjokj LokLF; loZ{s k.k 4 ¼2015&16½ ds vuqlkj jkT; esa 40 çfr'kr cPps dqiksf"kr gSa vkSj rktk fLFkfr ;s gS fd orZeku esa eè;çns'k esa dqiks"k.k dh otgksa ls gj

èkheh gS- eè; çns'k esa fiNys 10 lkyksa esa lwcs esa djhc 11 yk[k xjhc c<+s gSa vkSj ;gka xjhch dk vuqikr 3165 çfr'kr gS gS tcfd jk"Vªh; Lrj ij ;g nj 21-92 çfr'kr gSf'kojkt flag pkSgku nkok djuk ugha Hkwyrs fd mudh ljdkj us [ksrh dks Qk;ns dk èkaèkk cuk fn;k gS vkSj blds fy;s eè;çns'k ljdkj yxkrkj ikap o"kksZa ls —f"k deZ.k dk esMy gkfly djrh vk jgh gS ysfdu jkT; esa fdlkuksa ds vkRegR;kvksa ds vkadM+s ijs'kku dsus okys gSa- bl lky ekpZ esa dsæa h; —f"k ea=ky; }kjk yksdlHkk esa tks tkudkjh nh x;h gS mlds vuqlkj 2013 ds ckn ls eè;çns'k esa yxkrkj fdlkuksa dh [kqndq'kh ds ekeys c<+ gSa] lky 2013 esa 1090] 2014 esa 1198] 2015 esa 1290 vkSj 2016 esa 1321 fdlkuksa us vkRegR;k dh gSvxj ge eè;çns'k dh ekuo fodkl lwpdkadksa dks ns[ksa rks vkadM+s 'kfeZna k djus okys gSa- dqN lky igys ,e-Mhth- dh fjiksVZ vk;h Fkh ftlds vuqlkj ekuo fodkl lwpdkadksa esa çns'k ds fiNM+s gksus dk çeq[k dkj.k ljdkj }kjk lkekftd {ks= dh yxkrkj dh x;h vuns

jkst viuh tku xokus okys cPpksa dh vkSlr la[;k 92 gks xbZ gS tcfd 2016 esa ;g vkadM+k 74 gh Fkkf'k'kq e`R;q nj ds ekeys esa eè;çns'k yxkrkj ,d n'kd ls vfèkd le; ls iwjs ns'k esa igys LFkku ij cuk gqvk gS- ,uqvy gsYFk loZs 2014 ds vuqlkj f'k'kq e`R;q nj esa eè;çns'k iwjs ns'k esa igys LFkku ij gS tgk¡ 1000 uotkrksa esa ls 52 viuk igyk tUefnu ugha euk ikrs gS-a tcfd jk"Vªh; Lrj ij ;g nj vkèkk ;kuh 26 gh gS- çns'k ds xzkfe.k {ks=ksa esa fLFkfr vksj fparktud gS tgk¡ f'k'kq e`R;q nj 57 gSeè;çns'k esa 5 lky ls de mez ds 58 çfr'kr yM+dksa vkSj 43 çfr'kr yM+fd;ksa dh yEckbZ vkSlr ls de gS] blh rjg ls 49-2 Qhlnh yM+dksa vkSj 30 çfr'kr yM+fd;ksa dk otu Hkh vkSlr ls de gS- jk"Vªh; ifjokj LokLF; loZ{s k.k 4 ds vuqlkj 5 lky ls de mez ds gj 100 cPpksa esa ls yxHkx 40 cPpksa dk fodkl Bhd ls ugh gks ikrk gS] blh rjg ls 5 lky ls de mez ds yxHkx 60 çfr'kr cPps [kwu dh deh ds f'kdkj gSa vkSj dsoy 55 çfr'kr cPpksa dk gh lEiw.kZ Vhdkdj.k gks ikrk gS-

nkok fd;k tkrk gS fd eè;çns'k dk thMhih 10 çfr'kr ls Åij gS ysfdu lwcs dh ekyh gkyr ns[ksa rks eè;çns'k ljdkj ij o"kZ 2001&02 esa 23934 djksM+ :i, dk d+t+Z Fkk- tks vc c<+dj 118984 djksM+ :i, gks x;k gS- jkT; dh vfèkdka'k turk vkt Hkh [ksrh ij gh fuHkZj gS-a xSj —f"k {ks= esa eç dh fodkl nj 6-7 çfr'kr gS] tcfd jk"Vªh; vkSlr 8 ls Åij gS tkfgj gS lwcs dh vkS|ksfxd fodkl dh xfr èkheh gS vkSj blds fy, t:jr ds vuqlkj vèkksl-a jpuk ugha cuk;ha tk ldh gS-

mtkZapy Vkbxj @ tqykbZ 2018

i`"B la[;k & 13


efgykvksa dh ckr djsa rks çns'k esa dsoy 16-2 çfr'kr efgykvksa dks çlo iw.kZ ns[kjs[k fey ikrh gS- ftldh otg ls ;gka gj ,d yk[k xHkZorh efgykvksa esa ls 221 dks çlo ds oä tku ls gkFk èkksuk iM+rk gS- tcfd jk"Vªh; Lrj ij ;g vkadM+k 167 gS ;gk¡ mijksä fLFkfr;ksa dk eq[; dkj.k cM+h la[;k esa MkDVjksa dh deh vkSj LokLF; lsokvksa dk ttZj gksuk gS tSls e-çesa dqy 334 cky jksx fo'ks"kK gksus pkfg, tcfd orZeku esa dsoy 85 gh inLFk gSanjvly dqiks"k.k dh tM+sa xjhch] chekjh] Hkw[kejh vkSj thou ds cqfu;knh t:jrksa ds vHkko esa gS- vHkko vkSj Hkw[kejh dh ekj lcls T;knk cPpksa vkSj xHkZorh efgykvksa ij iM+rh gS- vko';d Hkkstu ugh feyus dh otg ls cM+ksa dk 'kjhj rks fQj Hkh de çHkkfor gksrk gS ysfdu cPpksa ij bldk vlj rqjar iM+rk gS] ftldk çHkko yEcs le; rd jgrk gS] xHkZorh efgykvksa dks t#jh iks"k.k ugh fey ikus ds dkj.k muds cPps r; ekud ls de otu ds gksrs gh gS lkFk gh tUe ds ckn vHkko vkSj xjhch mUgsa HkjisV Hkkstu Hkh ulhc ugh gksus nsrh gS] urhtk dqiks"k.k gksrk gS ftldh ekj ;k rks nq[kn #i ls tku gh ys ysrh gS ;k bldk vlj rkftanxh fn[krk gSLokLF; lsokvksa dh ckr djsa rks uhfr vk;ksx }kjk gsYFkh LVsV~l çksxzsfloV bafM;k uke ls tkjh dh x;h fjiksVZ esa eè;çns'k dks 17osa LFkku feyk gS vkSj bl eSys esa mls 100 esa ls ek= 40-09 vad feys gS] fjiksVZ ds vuqlkj eè;çns'k ds vLirkyksa esa dqy t:jr dh vis {kk 58-34 çfr'kr M‚DVj gh gSa- blh rjg ls ckfydk f'k'kq tUenj esa Hkh Hkkjh fxjkoV gq;h gS fjiksVZ ds vuqlkj eè;çns'k esa 2014&15 esa çfr gtkj yM+dksa ij 927 Fkh] tks 2015&16 esa ?kVdj 919 jg xbZ- ;g fLFkfr rc gS tc ;gka ykMyh y{eh tSlh cgq çpkfjr ;kstuk;sa pykbZ tk jgh gSaf'k{kk dh ckr djsa rks fiNys lky ds vkfFkZd loZs{k.k ds vuqlkj eè;çns'k esa lk{kjrk nj jk"Vªh; vkSlr ls mtkZapy Vkbxj @ tqykbZ 2018

pkj çfr'kr de gS vkSj lwcs dh pkyhl çfr'kr efgyk;sa rks vHkh Hkh vlk{kj gSa- 2017 ds vkf[kjh eghuksa esa tkjh dh x;h vkjVhvkbZ ij dSx dh fjiksVZ ds vuqlkj cPpksa ds Ldwy NksMu+ s ds ekeys esa eè; çns'k dk ns'k esa pkSFkk LFkku gS] fjiksVZ esa crk;k gS fd l= 2013 ls 2016 ds chp Ldwyksa esa cPpksa ds nkf[kys esa lkr ls nl yk[k dh fxjkoV ikbZ xbZ gS- blh rjg ls çns'k ds ljdkjh Ldwyksa esa esa djhc 30 gtkj f'k{kdksa ds in [kkyh gS ftldk vlj cPpksa dh f'k{kk ij ns [kus dks fey jgk gS vkSj ;gka i<+us okys cPpksa dh la [;k cM+h rsth ls ?kV jgh gSeè;çns'k dh yxHkx 21 çfr'kr tul¡[;k vkfnoklh gS vkSj bl cngkyh dk vlj Hkh mUgha ij lcls T;knk gS- fnukad 11 ebZ 2018 dks nSfud lekpkj i= if=dk esa çdkf'kr [kcj ds vuqlkj eè;çns'k ljdkj fiNys djhc Ms<+ n'kd ¼2003&04 ls 2018&19 ½ ds chp vuqlwfpr tkfr tutkfr oxZ ds fodkl ds uke ij 2215-07 vjc :i;s [kpZ dj pqdh gS ysfdu blds ckotwn Hkh mudh cM+h vkcknh Hkq[kejh]dqiks"k.k]xjhch] chekjh vkSj thou thus ds cqfu;knh lqfoèkkvksa ls eg:e gS eè;çns'k esa dqiks"k.k ls lcls T;knk çHkkfor ftyksa esa ';ksiwj ¼55 çfr'kr½]cM+okuh ¼55 çfr'kr½] ¼52-7 çfr'kr½] eqjuS k ¼52-2 çfr'kr½ vkSj xquk esa ¼51-2 çfr'kr½ tSls vkfnoklh cgqy ftys 'kkfey gSa- xjhch bldk ewy dkj.k gS] ftldh otg ls muds vkgkj esa iks"kd rRo uk ds cjkcj gksrh gS- vkadM+ksa dh ckr djsa rks Hkkjr ljdkj }kjk tkjh ^^fjikZsV vkQ n gkbZ yscy desVh vku lksf'k;ks bdksukfed] gSYFk ,aM ,tqds'kuy LVsVl vkQ Vªkbcy dE;wfuVh 2014ß ds vuqlkj jk"Vªh; Lrj ij vkfnolh leqnk; esa f'k'kq e`R;q nj 88 gS tcfd eè;çns'k esa ;g nj 113 gS] blh rjg ls jk"Vªh; Lrj ij 5 lky ls de mez ds cPpksa dh e`R;q nj 129 gS ogh çns'k esa ;g nj 175 gSi`"B la[;k & 14


njvly vkfnoklh lekt ij gh vkèkqfud fodkl dh ekj lcls T;knk iM+rh gS- os yxkrkj vius ijEijkxr lalkèkuksa ls nwj gksrs x, gS-a ns'k ds vU; Hkkxksa dh rjg eè;çns'k ds vkfnoklh Hkh vius bykds esa vk jgh Hkhedk; fodkl ifj;kstukvksa] cM+s ckaèkksa vkSj oU;&çk.kh vH;kj.;ksa dh fjtoksZa dh otg ls O;kid :i ls foLFkkiu dk na'k >syus dks etcwj gq, gSa vkSj yxkrkj xjhch o Hkw[k ds nyny esa Qalrs x;s gSalwcs esa nfyr leqnk; dh fLFkfr D;k gS bldks ,d gkfy;k ?kVuk ls le>k tk ldrk gS chrs 16 vçSy dks mTtSu ftys ds varxZr vkus okys efgniqj rglhy ds ,lMh,e us lHkh iapk;rksa dks vkns'k tkjh fd;k Fkk fd os vius {ks= esa fdlh Hkh nfyr ifjokj ds ;gka gksus okyh 'kknh dh lwpuk de ls de rhu fnu igys ut+nhdh iqfyl Fkkus dks nsa ftlls ckjkr ds nkSjku iqfyl lqj{kk dk bart+ke fd;k tk lds- gkykafd ckn esa fojksèk dks ns[krs gq;s ftyk dysDVj }kjk ,lMh,e

ds bl vkns'k dks fujLr dj fn;k x;k- ysfdu mijksä ?kVuk crkrh gS fd eè;çns'k esa nfyrksa dks vius gh ifjokj esa 'kknh tSls ekSdksa ij Hkh iqfyl çksVsD'ku dh t:jr gSekuo fodkl vkSj lkekftd U;k; ds {ks= esa lwcs dh ;g cnjax rLohj crkrh gS fd Lof.kZe eè;çns'k ds nkos fdrus gokbZ gSa- bu lc ds chp cs'keÊ dk vkye ;s gS fd f'kojktflag dh ljdkj [kqn vius foKkiu ij ikuh dh rjg iSlk cgk jgh gS- chrs 26 vçSy rks gn gh gks x;h tc ,d v[kckj ds 24 iUuksa esa ls 23 iUuksa ij ljdkj ckgnqj us viuh ;kstukvks] miyfCèk;ksa dk c[kku djrs foKkiu Niok Mkys- bu esa ,d lEikndh; uqek foKkiu Hkh Fkk ftls v[kckj ds LFkkuh; laiknd }kjk fy[kk x;k Fkk vkSj bldk 'kh"kZd Fkk Þns'k dks xfr nsrh eè; çns'k dh ;kstuk,aßeè;çns'k dh nqxZfr dks ns[krs gq;s dksbZ Hkh ns'k dks bl Þxfrß rd ugha igqpkuk pkgsxk-

jktk ugha lar gS] ekek dk fudV var gS- lks'ky ehfM;k ij ;g Lyksxu u;k&u;k nkSM+k gS-

eè;çns'k & usrkvksa esa ^fgUnw* cuus dh gksM+ larks"k ekuo

jktk ugha lar gS] ekek dk fudV var gS- lks'ky ehfM;k ij ;g Lyksxu u;k&u;k nkSM+k gS- jktk eryc eè; çns'k ds iwoZ lh,e] dkaxzsl usrk fnfXot; flag vkSj ekek ;kuh orZeku lh,e] chtsih ds f'kojktflag pkSgku- bl Lyksxu dks nkSM+kus okys yksx dkaxzsl ls tqM+s gSa- os lgt gh bls Lohdkj Hkh dj ysrs gSa- dkaxzsl ds fopkj foHkkx ls tqM+s Hkwisaæ xqIrk dgrs gSa&gka] geus bls çlkfjr fd;k gS- blesa xyr D;k gS\ ftl rjg mUgksua s Hkfä Hkko ls yxkrkj Ng ekg rd ueZnk dh in;k=k dh gS] mlls os lar tSls gh yxrs gS-a xqIrk ds nkos esa dqN ne rks gS- çns'k esa fnfXot; flag dh Nfo vk'p;Ztud :i ls lqèkjh gS- vc yksx chtsih }kjk 2001&2002 esa çpkfjr&çlkfjr ^feLVj caVkèkkj* ;kuh fnfXot; flag dks ;kn ugha djrs] vc ckr gksrh gS ueZnk ;k=h fnfXot; flag dh- bl ;k=k ls mUgsa mtkZapy Vkbxj @ tqykbZ 2018

èkkfeZd&vkè;kfRed ykHk gks ;k ugha gks] ysfdu jktuhfrd ykHk rks gqvk gh gS- vc os ^fganw fojksèkh* ls iDds fganw gks x, gS-a lar dh mikfèk Hkh mUgsa vkyk fganw crkus ds fy, gh gSnjvly] fnXxh gh ugha] çns'k dkaxzsl ds lHkh cM+s usrkvksa esa fganw ^cuus* dh gksM+ eph gS- fnXxh dh ueZnk ;k=k ds lekiu volj ij muls vk'khokZn ysus dêj fganw vkSj chtsih dh usrk lkèoh mek Hkkjrh Hkh tkus okyh Fkh- fdUgha dkj.kksa ls ugha tk ikbZa rks i= Hkstk] dgk fd dqN le; ckn vk'khokZn ysus vkÅaxh;s ogha mek Hkkjrh gSa] ftudk fnXxh ds lkFk 36 dk vkdM+k Fkk] ysfdu vc fnfXofot; flag mek ds cM+s HkkbZ gSa- chtsih ds neksg ls yksdlHkk lnL; vkSj iwoZ dsæa h; ea=h çgykn iVsy rks ;k=k esa 'kkfey gq,'ks"k i`"B la[;k& 22 i`"B la[;k & 15


ekuork

lwQh

ijaijk,a ekuork dks ,d djrh gSa

jke iqfu;kuh orZeku nkSj esa èkkfeZd igpku dk bLrseky] jktuSfrd ,ts.Ms dks ykxw djus ds fy, fd;k tk jgk gSA pkgs eqík vkradoknh fgalk dk gks ;k ladh.kZ jk"Vªokn dk] nqfu;k ds lHkh fgLlksa esa èkeZ ds eq[kkSVs ds ihNs ls jktuhfr dk psgjk >kad jgk gSA dqN n'kdksa igys rd] èkeZ vkSj jktuhfr dks vyx djus vkSj j[kus dh vko';drk ij tksj fn;k tkrk Fkk ijarq gqvk mldk mYVkA èkeZ vkSj jktuhfr dk ?kkyesy c<+rk gh x;kA bl lanHkZ esa nf{k.k ,f'k;k esa gkykr cgqr xaHkhj gSAa vçSy 2015 esa vejhdh jk"Vªifr us vtesj fLFkr xjhc uokt+ [oktk eksbZuqíhu fp'rh dh njxkg ij p<+kus ds fy, pknj HksthA xr 22 vçSy dks v[kckjksa esa Nih [kcj ds eqrkfcd] lksfu;k xkaèkh] vVy fcgkjh oktis;h vkSj ujsUæ eksnh us Hkh njxkg ij pknj p<+kbZA vxj ge jkT;] jktuhfr vkSj èkeZ ds ijLij fj'rksa dks ijs j[kdj ns[ksa rks ;g fnypLi rF; lkeus vkrk gS fd dqN èkkfeZd ijaijk,a] lHkh èkeksZa ds yksxksa dks çHkkfor djrh vkbZ gSaA nf{k.k ,f'k;k o fo'ks"kdj ikfdLrku vkSj Hkkjr dh lwQh o Hkfä ijaijk,a Øe'k% bLyke vkSj fganw èkeZ dh ,slh nks ekuorkoknh èkkjk,a gSa tks èkkfeZd igpku ls Åij mBdj laiw.kZ ekuork dh ,drk dh ckr djrh gSaA bu ijaijkvksa ds larksa ds vuq;k;h lHkh èkeksZa ds Fks vkSj ;s lar lÙkk ls nwj jgrs FksA bl ekeys esa os eè;dky ds iqjksfgr oxZ ls fHkUu Fks tks fd jktkvksa vkSj uokcksa ds njckjksa dh 'kksHkk c<+kus esa xoZ eglwl djrk FkkA fganw èkeZ esa dchj] rqdkjke] ujlh esgrk] 'kadj nso o yky nsèk tSls larksa dh le`) ijaijk gS rks bLykfed lwQh ijaijk ds larksa esa fut+keqíhu vkSfy;k] eksbuqíhu fp'rh] rktqíhu ckck mtkZapy Vkbxj @ tqykbZ 2018

vkSfy;k] vt+ku ihj o uw:íhu uwjkuh 'kkfey gSaA buds vfrfjä] lR;ihj o jkenso ckck ihj nks ,sls lar Fks tks Hkfä vkSj lwQh nksuksa ijaijkvksa ds okgd FksA lar xq:ukud us fganw èkeZ vkSj bLyke dk feJ.k dj ,d u, èkeZ dh LFkkiuk dhA bLyke dk Kku gkfly djus ds fy, os eDdk rd x, vkSj fganw èkeZ ds vkè;kfRed i{k dks le>us ds fy, mUgksaus dk'kh dh ;k=k dhA muds lcls igys vuq;k;h Fks ejnku vkSj flD[kksa ds ifo= Lo.kZ eafnj dh vkèkkjf'kyk j[kus ds fy, fe;ka ehj dks vkeaf=r fd;k x;k FkkA xq:xzaFk lkgc dk èkeksZa ds çfr lekos'kh –f"Vdks.k gS vkSj mlesa dqjku dh vk;rsa vkSj dchj o vU; Hkfä larksa ds nksgs 'kkfey gSaA vk'p;Z ugha fd ukud ds ckjs esa ;g dgk tkrk Fkk fd ^^ckck ukud lar Qdhj] fganw dk xq:] eqlyeku dk ihj**A vkt ;fn iwjs foÜo esa èkeZ ppkZ vkSj cgl dk fo"k; cuk gqvk gS rks bldk dkj.k gS jktuhfr ds {ks= esa mldk bLrsekyA bl lanHkZ esa lwQh ijaijk esa yksxksa dh :fp dk ,d ckj fQj ls c<+uk lq[kn gSA nf{k.k ,f'k;k esa lwQhokn dk bfrgkl yxHkx ,d gtkj lky iqjkuk gSA lwQh 'kCn dk vFkZ gksrk gS eksVk Åuh diM+k] ftlls cus oL= lwQh lar igurs gSaA lwQhokn] f'k;k eqfLye èkeZ ls mHkjk ijarq vkxs pydj dqN lqfUu;ksa us Hkh bls viuk;kA lwQhokn esa jgL;okn dks cgqr egÙkk nh xbZ gS vkSj og deZdk.Mksa dks fljs ls [kkfjt djrk gSA og vYykg dks ekuo:ih ugha ekurk cfYd mUgsa vkè;kfRed 'kfä ds :i esa ns[krk gSA ;g Hkfä larks dh vkLFkkvksa ls feyrk tqyrk gSA dbZ lwQh lar loZsÜojoknh Fks vkSj muds thouewY;] ekuoh;rk ls vksrçksr FksA i`"B la[;k & 16


'kq:vkr esa bLyke ds dêjiaFkh iaFkksa us lwQh larks dk neu djus dk ç;kl fd;k ijarq vkxs pydj mUgksua s lwQhokn ls le>kSrk dj fy;kA lwQh larksa esa ls dqN njos'k cu x,A njos'k dk vFkZ gksrk gS ,sls lar tks ,d LFkku ij ugha jgrs vkSj yxkrkj Hkze.k djrs jgrs gSaA dbZ ns'kksa esa lHkh èkeksZa ds yksx mudh njxkgksa ij f[kjkts vdhnr is'k djrs gSaA blh rjg] Hkfä larks ds vuq;k;h Hkh lHkh èkeksZa ds yksx gSaA lwQhokn ds lekukarj Hkfä ijaijk Hkh Hkkjrh; èkkfeZd bfrgl dh lckYVuZ èkkjk dk çfrfufèkRo djrh gSA Hkfä lar] lekt ds fofHkUu rcdksa ls Fks] fo'ks"kdj uhph tkfr;ksa lsA Hkfä larksa us èkeZ dks laLFkkxr :i nsus dk fojksèk fd;k vkSj mldks fodsUæh—r djus dk ç;kl fd;kA mudk dguk Fkk fd èkeZ] O;fä dk futh elyk gSA os èkeZ vkSj jkT; lÙkk dks ,d&nwljs ls vyx djus ds gkeh Fks vkSj mUgksaus bZÜoj dh vkjkèkuk dh voèkkj.kk dks KkuktZu dh çfØ;k ls tksM+kA Hkfä larksa ds ys[ku esa xjhc oxZ ds nq%[k&nnZ >ydrs gSAa Hkfä ijaijk us dbZ uhph tkfr;ksa dks çfr"Bk fnyokbZA ;g ijaijk eqlyekuksa ds çfr Hkh lekos'kh –f"Vdks.k j[krh Fkh vkSj blus Å¡ph tkfr;ksa ds opZLo dks pqukSrh nhA Hkfä ijaijk] deZdkaMksa dh fojksèkh FkhA blds larksa us ,slh Hkk"kk dk mi;ksx fd;k ftls tulkekU; le> ldrs FksA os ,d bZÜoj dh voèkkj.kk esa foÜokl j[krs FksA bl ijaijk ds larksa us fganw&eqfLye ,drk ij tksj fn;kA

gesa ;g le>uk gksxk fd gj èkeZ esa fofHkUu èkkjk,a gksrh gSaA Hkfä vkSj lwQh ijaijk,a] èkeksZa dk ekuorkoknh psgjk gSa ftUgksaus ekuork dks ,d fd;k vkSj èkeksZa ds uSfrd&vkè;kfRed i{k ij tksj fn;kA blds foijhr] èkeksZa dh vlfg".kq ço`fÙk;ksa dk bLrseky jktuSfrd rkdrksa us vius ,ts.Ms dh iwfrZ ds fy, fd;kA Hkkjrh; miegk}hi esa Lokèkhurk vkanksyu ds nkSjku jktkvksa] uokcksa vkSj tehankjksa us fganw o eqfLye lkaçnkf;drk dh uhao j[khA bl èkkfeZd jk"Vªokn dk èkeksZa ds uSfrd i{k ls dksbZ ysuknsuk ugha FkkA ;g dsoy èkkfeZd igpku dk jktuSfrd y{; ikus ds fy, bLrseky FkkA Hkkjrh; jk"Vªh; vkanksyu ds dbZ usrk ftuesa xkaèkhth o ekSykuk vcqy dyke vkt+kn 'kkfey gSa] vR;ar èkkfeZd Fks ijarq os u rks èkkfeZd jk"Vªokn esa foÜokl j[krs Fks vkSj uk gh vU; èkkfeZd ijaijkvksa ds çfr muds eu esa rfud Hkh cSjHkko FkkA lwQh vkSj Hkfä ijaijk,a gesa bl ckr dh ;kn fnykrh gSa fd orZeku nkSj esa èkeksZa ds vkè;kfRed vkSj uSfrd i{k dks detksj fd;k tk jgk gSA vxj gesa ekuork ds Hkfo"; dks laokjuk gS rks gesa èkeksZa ds lekos'kh&ekuorkoknh i{k dks etcwr djuk gksxk vkSj èkeksZa ds lekt dks ckaVus ds fy, bLrseky dks grksRlkfgr djuk gksxkA gesa ;g le>uk gksxk fd lHkh èkeZ ewyr% uSfrdrk vkSj ekuork ij tksj nsrs gSaA gesa èkeksZa dh ewy vkRek dks viukuk gksxk u fd ckgjh vkMacjksa dksA

i`"B la[;k &21 dk 'ks"k

ij ,d fpfdRld gksuk pkfg,] tks çHkkoh ugh gqvk gSaA fglkc ls vkt gtkjksa dh la[;k esa fpfdRldksa dh vko'drk gSA bldh iwfrZ fpfdRldksa dh la[;k esa Hkkjh o`f) djds dh tk ldrh gSA rc gh ekax ds vuqlkj iwfrZ gksxh] bl vukiwfrZ ls dSls lexz mipkj dk y{; vftZr gksxkA ;g ,d vR;ar fopkj.kh; ç'u gS\ ;g rks ^,d vukj lkS chekj ^ dFku dk pfjrkFkZ gSA bl ij 'kklu&ç'kklu dks xaHkjhrk ls fopkj dj lokZsfpr gy fudkyuk gh gksaxkA vU;Fkk vLirkyks] fpfdRldksa ds vHkko esa >ksyk Nki MWkDVj] >kaM&Qwad ;k ra=&ea= i)fr ls vke tu viuk mipkj xzg.k dj tku cpk;sxsa ;k nsxsa----! 'kkldh; Ldwyksa vkSj fpfdRlky;ksa dh fLFkrh esa vewy&pwy uo&ifjorZu ykdj 'kkldh; ;kstukvksa dks dkxtksa ij fpidk;s uk j[kdj èkjkry ij ykuk gh ,deso gy gSaAnkf;Ro ek= ljdkjh ra=ksa o igjsnkjksa dk gh ugha oju~ ge lc dk uSfrd drZO; gSa] bls gjgky esa fuoZgu djuk iMsxk rHkh nwfj;ka ugh vfirq utnhfd;ka c<saxhA

f'k{kk vkSj LokLFk ls dc rd nwfj;ka tg‚ vuki&'kuki 'kqYd vkSj fofoèk iks'kkds] iqLrdsa] çfr;ksfxrk] ços'k ijh{kk vkfn xfrfofèk;qä Ldwyksa esa ços'k ds fy, Hkkjh tru&;ru fd;s tkrs gSaA foifjr LFkkuh; vko'drk,a vkèkkfjr rke&>ke fofgu fgUnh o vxzt sa h ekè;e èkkfjr Ldwyksa esa f'k{kk vè;;u dh ykylk de gksrh tk jgh gSAa ewyr% f'k{kk dh fpark fd, fcuk] vPNk Ldwy pkgrk gS ns'k] Ldwy dh fpark fd, fcuk] vPNk ns'k pkgrs gS yksxAA midj.k dh deh lfgr ewyHkwr Hkou] okgu vuqyCèkrk esa vketu lqyHk LokLF; mipkj ls oafpr jg tkrs gSaA ohHkRl] ljdkjh vLirkyksa esa csc'k] ykpkj yksx gh bykt djkus igqaprs gSa ojuk futh fpfdRlky;ksa esa ejhtksa dh yach drkj yxh jgrh gSA ns'k esa vkSlru 20 gtkj dh tula[;k esa ,d fpfdRld miyCèk gSA iwoZ esa mYysf[kr ohvks,pvkj ¼oksj½ desVh dh vuq'kalkuqlkj ikap gtkj dh vkcknh mtkZapy Vkbxj @ tqykbZ 2018

i`"B la[;k & 17


vkèkh&nqfu;k

fueZy jkuh gekjs jktusrk Hkh le;&le; ij efgykvksa ds fo"k; esa dqN ,sls 'veksy' mn~xkj O;ä djrs jgrs gSa ftlls ;g irk pyrk gS fd efgykvksa ds lEeku dks ysdj mudk ut+fj;k D;k gS\ fiNys fnuksa eè;çns'k esa xquk {ks= dk ,d Hkktik foèkk;d ;g cksyrs lquk x;k fd ekrk,a&cgusa lekt esa fo—fr iSnk djus okys cTts u iSnk djsaA Hkys gh efgyk,a cka> jgsa ijarq vlaLdkjh cPps u iSnk djsaA 'ij mins'k dq'ky cgqrs js ' tSlh dgkor u dsoy gekjs ns'k dh çkphu dgkorksa esa 'kkfey gSa cfYd gekjk lekt cgqrk;r esa bl dgkor dks pfjrkFkZ djrk gqvk Hkh çk;: fn[kkbZ nsrk gSA mnkgj.k ds rkSj ij efgykvksa ds vfèkdkjksa dh j{kk dh ckrsa djrs rks lHkh lqukbZ nsrs gSa ijarq Hkkjrh; iq#"k çèkku lekt rFkk mldk çfrfufèkRo djus okys iq#"k jktusrk vkt rd laln esa efgykvksa dks 33 çfr'kr vkj{k.k ugha fnyk ldsA Hkkjrh; ukjh dks nsoh rFkk iwT;k dk ntkZ nsus tSlh [kks[kyh ckrsa djus okyk iq#"k lekt vk, fnu Hkkjrh; efgykvksa ds lkFk fdl rjg is'k vkrk gS ;g ckrsa Hkh fdlh ls Nqih ugha gSAa jktuhfr ls ysdj U;k;ikfydk] ç'kklfud foHkkx rFkk èkeZ o vè;kRe {ks= ls ysdj vf'kf{kr oxZ rd lHkh txg efgykvksa ds 'kks"k.k rFkk mRihM+u ds lekpkj vkrs jgrs gSaA vkadM+ksa ds vuqlkj ns'k esa efgykvksa ds fo#) 39 vijkèk gj ,d ?kaVs esa ntZ fd, tkrs gSaA fiNys dqN o"kksZa ls rks gekjs ns'k ds lkFk cykRdkj dh ?kVukvksa dk ,slk nqHkkZX;iw.kZ lacaèk LFkkfir gks x;k fd nqfu;k ds dbZ ns'kksa dks vius ukxfjdksa dks Hkkjr vkus ds fy, lqj{kk lacaèkh fo'ks"k xkbZM ykbZu rd tkjh djuh iM+hA

vk[kj D;ksa ge vius Hkk"k.kksa rFkk lkoZtfud okrkZyki esa rks efgykvksa ds lEeku] ukjh mRFkku] mldh lqj{kk rFkk cjkcjh dk ntkZ fn, tkus tSlh ckrsa rks djrs gSa ijarq tc ,slk djus dk ekS$dk vkrk gS ml le; ge c$xysa >kadus yxrs gSa\ dU;kvksa dks iwtus dh ijaijk gekjs gh ns'k esa gSA gekjs lekt esa èkkfeZd :i ls Lohdk;Z ukS nsfo;ka efgyk 'kfä o ijkØe dk çrhd ekuh tkrh gSaA ijarq blh èkeZ o vè;kRe ds {ks= esa ços'k dj pqds vusd ;kSukpkjh rFkk nq"pfj= ckckvksa ds dLls Hkh gesa vk, fnu lquus dks feyrs gSaA efgykvksa dh f'k{kk o èkkfeZ d laLdkjksa ds uke ij ns'k esa vusd ,sls vkJe lapkfyr gks jgs gSa tgka dU;kvksa dks f'k{kk&nh{kk ds uke ij ekrk&firk }kjk Hkst fn;k tkrk gS ijarq ckn esa tc ekrk&firk dks ;g irk pyrk gS fd mudh ykMyh csVh ij rks 'xq: egkjkt' dh dksi –f"V iM+ xbZ vkSj og mldh gol dk f'kdkj gks xbZ ,sls esa ml eka&cki ds foÜokl dks fdruh Bsl yxrh gksxh ;g HkqäHkksxh gh le> ldrs gSaA ijarq vk'p;Ztud ckr rks ;g gS fd ,slh [kcjksa dk flyflyk Fkeus dk uke gh ugha ys jgk gSA t+kfgj gS tc ukjh frjLdkj ;k ;kSu mRihM+u ds ekeys bl bUrsgk rd igqap tk,a fd xq#&f'k";k vFkok xq# ;k f'k"; dh csVh ;k firk&iq=h tSls fj'rksa dks Hkh dyafdr gksus dh ukScr vk tk, rks fuf'pr :i ls ;g le> ysuk pkfg, fd ukjh ds çfr ,sls O;ogkj dh tM+sa dgha u dgha gekjh ekufldrk ;k gekjh lksp esa gh Nqih gqbZ gSaA oSls Hkh bl ckr ls dksbZ badkj ugha dj ldrk fd çR;sd O;fä ;gka rd fd çR;sd eka Hkh iq=h dh rqyuk esa iq= dh vfèkd pkgoku gksrh gSA

‘‘ns nsoh iwtd” d ns'k dks foÜo ds lcls [krjukd efgyk fojksèkh ns'k dk rexk\

mtkZapy Vkbxj @ tqykbZ 2018

i`"B la[;k & 18


Hkkjrh; lekt ds ,sls gh fopkjksa us rFkk ,slh lksp ij vey djus ds rjhdksa us gh vkt Hkkjr dh fLFkfr ogka igqapk nh gS tgka bls efgykvksa ds fy, foÜo dk lcls vlqjf{kr ns'k ekuk tkus yxk gSA vQlksl dh ckr rks ;g gS fd vQxkfuLrku] lhfj;k] lksekfy;k] vjc] ikfdLrku] dkaxks] ;eu o ukbZthfj;k tSls ns'k Hkh Hkkjr dh rqyuk esa efgykvksa ds fy, t+~;knk lqjf{kr gSaA fiNys fnuksa efgykvksa ds eqís ij Fk‚elu jkbZVlZ QkÅaMs'ku }kjk 550 varjjk"Vªh; fo'ks"kKksa dh fjiksVZ ij vkèkkfjr ,d loZ{s k.k tkjh fd;k x;k ftlesa ;g 'keZukd vkadM+s fudy dj lkeus vk,A gekjs ns'k esa efgykvksa }kjk iq#"kksa ds pj.k èkksus dh ijaijk gSA ;g ijaijk 'kk;n fdlh nwljs ns'k vFkok laL—fr esa ugha gksxhA gekjs ns'k esa ifr dks ijesÜoj dk ntkZ fn;k tkrk gSA pkgs ifr 'kjkch gks]tqvkjh gks] nq"pfj=] Hkz"V ;k v¸;k'k gks ijarq mls ijesÜoj ekuuk gh iM+sxkA mèkj ekrk&firk viuh yM+fd;ksa dk fookg yM+dh ls de f'kf{kr o de ;ksX; yM+ds ds lkFk djus esa Hkh ugha fgpfdpkrsA D;ksafd mUgsa tYnh ls tYnh csVh dk fookg dj Lo;a dks Hkkjeqä gksus dh fpark lrk, jgrh gSA vHkh fiNys gh fnuksa ,d nnZukd

?kVuk gekjs gh ns'k esa is'k vkbZA ,d firk us viuh ,d uotkr csVh dks pkdqvksa ls xksndj ekj MkykA dkj.k ;g Fkk fd og mlds ?kj esa iSnk gksus okyh NBh csVh FkhA gekjs jktusrk Hkh le;&le; ij efgykvksa ds fo"k; esa dqN ,sls 'veksy' mn~xkj O;ä djrs jgrs gSa ftlls ;g irk pyrk gS fd efgykvksa ds lEeku dks ysdj mudk ut+fj;k D;k gS\ fiNys fnuksa eè;çns'k esa xquk {ks= dk ,d Hkktik foèkk;d ;g cksyrs lquk x;k fd ekrk,a&cgusa lekt esa fo—fr iSnk djus okys cTts u iSnk djsaA Hkys gh efgyk,a cka> jgsa ijarq vlaLdkjh cPps u iSnk djsaA ,sls ew[kksZa ls dksbZ ;g iwNus okyk ugha gS fd D;k cPpksa dk laLdkjh ;k vlaLdkjh gksuk dsoy eka ij gh fuHkZj djrk gS\ D;k ,sls vrkfdZd mtkZapy Vkbxj @ tqykbZ 2018

fopkj O;ä djus okyk O;fä [kqn laLdkjh dgus yk;d gS\ blh çdkj lektoknh ikVÊ ds eqf[k;k jgs eqyk;e flag ;kno us ,d ckj ;g dgk Fkk fd laln esa efgyk,a vfèkd gksaxh rks yksx muds ihNs lhfV;ka ctk,axsA nqHkkZX;o'k dSls #X.k ekufldrk okys yksx gekjs ns'k dk usr`Ro dj jgs gS\a blh rjg djuky dk ,d lkaln tks Lo;a dks i=dkj Hkh trkrk gS rFkk i=dkfjrk dh vkM+ esa gh laln dh lhf<+;ksa ij Hkh p<+ x;k bl HkktikbZ lkaln us fiNys fnuksa gfj;k.kk dh çfl) xkf;dk liuk pkSèkjh dh dkaxzsl ikVÊ ls c<+rh ut+nhfd;ksa ij viuh çfrfØ;k nsrs gq, ,sls HkksM a s 'kCnksa dk ç;ksx fd;k tks ,d lkaln [kklrkSj ij ,d i=dkj lkaln dks 'kksHkk ugha nsrkA vfÜouh pksiM+k uked bl Hkktik lkaln us liuk pkSèkjh ij rat+ dlrs gq, dgk fd Bqeds yxkus okys yksx dkaxzsl esa 'kkfey gksdj Bqeds gh yxk,axsA blh çdkj ds ,d&nks v'kksHkuh; okD; vkSj Hkh bl lkaln us liuk pkSèkjh dks fu'kkuk cukdj dgsA vius lkFk Le`fr bZjkuh tSlh vfHkus=h dks j[kus okyh ikVÊ ds lkaln nwljs ny dh leFkZd vfHkus=h esa gh Bqedk ns[k jgs gSa\ blh çdkj dHkh dksbZ iwoZ dsaæh; ea=h ,oa lar dk pksyk vks<+s O;fä viuh f'k";k ds lkFk dbZ o"kksZa rd cykRdkj djrk jgrk gSA dksbZ ns'k dk Hkfo"; le>k tkus okyk jktusrk foèkku Hkou esa Cyw QYesa vius eksckbZy ij ns[kus esa O;Lr jgrk gSA dguk $xyr ugha gksxk fd bl le; efgyk 'kks"k.k o mRihM+u ds {ks= esa lcls çnwf"kr {ks= èkeZ vkSj vè;kRe dk {ks= cu pqdk gSA xks;k tgka gesa lcls vfèkd laLdkj o lqj{kk feyuh pkfg, ogha ge lcls vfèkd vlqjf{kr o xSjlaLdkjh gksus dk [krjk >sy jgs gSaA vU;Fkk ftrus mins'k gekjs ns'k esa efgykvksa ds i{k esa cM+& s cM+s èkeZxq#vksa] usrkvksa o oäkvksa }kjk fn, tkrs gSa] nsoh iwtu o dU;k iwtu ds :i esa ukjh ds lEeku tSlk <ksax gekjs ns'k esa jpk tkrk gS ;fn okLro esa buesa t+jk Hkh lPpkbZ gksrh rks gekjs ns'k esa efgykvksa dh fLFkfr de ls de bruh [kjkc rks gjfxt+ u gksrh fd ge lhfj;k] vQxkfuLrku o ikfdLrku rFkk dbZ xjhc vÝhdh ns'kksa ls Hkh x,&xqt+js ns'kksa esa fxus tkrs\ Fk‚elu jkbZVlZ QkÅaMs'ku dh bl loZs fjiksVZ us gekjs ns'k dks rks 'kfeZank fd;k gh gS lkFk& lkFk ukjh dh bl ns'k esa D;k g$dh$dr gS vkSj ukjh dk fdruk eku&l eku o lqj{kk gS bls Hkh mtkxj fd;k gSA i`"B la[;k & 19


fl;klr vkfFkZd mnkjhdj.k ;kuh fd Xykscykbtss'ku dgrs gSAa bl rjg mUgksaus xzkE;okfluh Hkkjr ek¡ ds vk¡xu dks ^xkscjkbts'ku* djds pedk fn;kA

uhps fxjus dh gksM+ eph gks rks cspkjk #i;k dc rd Fkek&ruk jgsxkA

tc tc #i;k èkM+ke ls uhps fxjrk gS rks vius ns'k ds Lo;aHkw vFkZ'kkfL=;ksa ds chp gkgkdkj ep tkrk gSA rstfM;+ksa] eanfM;+ksa ds psgjs lw[kus yxrs gSaA 'ks;j cktkj t;jke 'kqDy esa lsulsDl vkSj fu¶Vh gkVZvVSd ukius dh e'khu ds dkaVs dh rjg Åij&uhps gksus yxrs gSaA gky fQygky dk ekSfæd utkjk dqN ,slk gh fn[k jgk gSA Vhoh pkSuyksa ls fpfUrr vkoktsa vk jgh gSaA lks'ky ehfM;k esa ns'k dh vFkZO;oLFkk gkaQrs dg jgh gS fd foÙkea=h th dqN dfj,A foÙkea=h th ns'k dks fnyklk ns jgs Fks fd lc dqN Bhd gks tk,xk--- M‚yj dh vdM+ tYnh gh <+hyh iM+ tk,xhA vHkh gekjs cans irk yxk jgs gSa fd dkSu&dkSu lk {ks= ,QMhvkbZ ¼çR;{k fons'kh fuos'k½ ds fy, cpk gSA mu bykdksa dh Hkh [kkst dh tk jgh gS tgka eYVhus'kuYl ;k vesfjdh iwath ls pyus okys dkjiksjVs ?kjkuksa dks rsy&xSl& dks;yk & ghjk vkSj vU; [kfut [kksnus ds iês fn, tk,aA budk irk yxrs gh Mkyjksa dh cjlkr gksus yxsxh vkSj viuk #i;k fQj ru tk,xkA cl U;w bafM;k cuus ds fy, vk¡[ksa ew¡n dj viuk ;ksxnku nsrs tkvks vkSj fQj vkxs ns[kksA viqu vFkZ'kkL=h ugha gS] fygktk igys rks #i, fxjus dh [kcj lquh rks yxk-- fjtoZ cSad ds [ktkus ls #i, dh isVh ;k Vªd a èkM+ke ls uhps fxjk gksxkA #i, dk fxjuk vkSj mBuk viu chih,y ¼fcyks i‚oVÊ ykbu½ okyksa dks le> esa ugha vkrkA oSls Hkh ge xjhch js[kk ds uhps fxjs gq, yksx gSaA fQj Hkh vius eksgYys esa jgus okys vkSj ljdkjh Ldwyesa bd‚ukfeDl&d‚elZ i<+kus okys ekLlkc ls iwNk & lj th ;s #i;k fxjrk dSls gS\ ekLlkc lafonkdeÊ Fks] mtkZapy Vkbxj @ tqykbZ 2018

MhbZvks&chbZvks dks fjÜor nsdj ukSdjh ikbZ Fkh] -- lks ml Vhl dks viuh O;k[;k esa ?kksyrs gq, dgk fd tSls esjk fçfUliy MhbZvks ds] Mhbvks 'kgj ds usrk ds] usrkth&eq[;ea=h ds] eq[;ea=h vkykdeku ds pj.kksa ij ikVkilkj fxjrs gSa] oSls gh viuk #i;k M‚yj ds pj.kksa esa fxj x;k gSA dksbZ ubZ ckr ugha ewj[kA ,slk fxjuk mBuk rks l`f"V dk fu;e gSA ekLlkc cksys& oSls tc lewps ns'k esa gh uhps fxjus dh gksM+ eph gks rks cspkjk #i;k dc rd Fkek&ruk jgsxkA gky gh esa ns[kk --- fd dbZ Å¡ps Å¡ps yksx #i, ds fy, fdruk uhps fxj ldrs gSaA dbZ dkjiksjVs h pksês lkr leanj ikj tk fxjsA ljdkj ds vQlj] usrk&eFkkuh] ?kiys ?kksVkyksa esa Qaldj Mwcrs mrjkrs jgrs gSaA dksbZ pkfjf=d :i ls uhps fxjrk gS rks dksbZ uSfrd :i lsA #i;s dks Hkh ,slbZ fxjs jgus nksA eSua s dgk & ekLlkc loky ;s gS fd viuk #i;k M‚yj ds lkeus fxjk gS] ;s vius ns'k ds LokfHkeku ls tqM+k ekeyk gSA xkaèkhth pfpZy ds lkeus rks ugha fxjsA foosdkuan us f'kdkxks esa Hkw[ks Hkkjr dh èkkfeZd o vè;kfRed 'kku ds >.Ms dks Qgjk;kA èkedh ij èkedh ds ckn Hkh bfUnjk th vesfjdk ds vkxs ugha fxjhA ekLlkc vkf[kj vius #i, dk dqN rks LokfHkeku gksuk pkfg,A tc ns[kks rc M‚yj ds vkxs naMor gks tkrk gSA ekLlkc us dgk& pyks py ds eksgYys ds usrk ls iwN ysrs gSaA vkf[kj mldh Hkh ftEesnkjh curh gSA eksgYys ds usrkth us vius Kku dh fiVkjh [kksyh vkSj tkudkjh nq#Lr djrs gq, cksy& s blls igys vius çèkkuea=h dkSu Fks\ Mk- eueksgu flag gh uA ;s ogh eueksgu flag gS dHkh ftuds nLr[kr fjtoZ cSd a ds uksV ij jgrs FksA fQj ;s vkbZ,e,Q ¼bUVjus'kuy efuVjh QaM½ vkSj oYMZ cSd a esa ukSdjh djus x,A bu nksuksa txgksa esa M‚yj dk gh cksyckyk gSA i`"B la[;k & 20


fQj bfUM;k ykSVs rks ujflagjko ds [ktkaph cu x,A tc [ktkaph cus rks ns[kk [ktkus esa ,d M‚yj Hkh ughaA pUæ'ks[kj th ns'k dk lksuk fxjoh djok x, FksA eueksguth us tqxr yxkbZ vkSj ns'k ds f[kM+dh &njokts M‚yj ds ços'k ds okLrs [kksy fn,A fQj çèkkuea=h curs gh ,syku fd;k& bfUM;k vkvks] M‚yj nks] ywVks [kkvks] M‚yj nksA blh dks vkfFkZd mnkjhdj.k ;kuh fd Xykscykbtss'ku dgrs gSaA bl rjg mUgksua s xzkE;okfluh Hkkjr ek¡ ds vk¡xu dks ^xkscjkbts'ku* djds pedk fn;kA ;wjksih dEifu;ka bfUM;k vkbZa] M‚yj fn;k] çk—frd lalkèkuksa dks ywVkA usrkth cksys& ;wih, ljdkj us Mkyj dks vius ewM+s ¼flj ij½p<+k j[kk FkkA mldh vknr tkrs tkrs gh tk,xh-- uA chp esa ekLlkc Vid

iM+& s lks blfy, tc M‚yj vius Q‚eZ ij vkrk gS rks viuh vFkZO;oLFkk ds jax mM+ tkrs gS vkSj #i;k M‚yj ds pj.kksa ij fcN tkrk gSA vkSj ;g rc rd fcNk jgrk gS tc rd vesfjdk] ;wjksi ds eYVhus'kuYl M‚yj dh ubZ [ksi ysdj bfUM;k ugha igqaprsA ;kuh fd tc #i;k fxjs rks lef>, dksbZ u;k fofuos'k&vkfFkZd le>kSrk vkSj O;kikfjd lkSnk gksus okyk gSA ekLlkc dk vFkZ'kkL= tc viqu ds iYys ugha iM+k rks eSa fQj usrkth ls iwN cSBk --fd oks iUæg yk[k #i;s] oks fLol cSad dk iSlk--oks vPNs fnu \ vc rks eueksgu flag ugha gSa---ukA usrkth us nk,a] ck,a fQj lhèks ns[krs gq, dgk --eSa fdlh Hkh rjg dk oäO; nsus ds fy, vfèk—r ugha gw¡--- uks desVa A

LokLF;

f'k{kk vkSj LokLFk ls dc rd nwfj;ka

gsesUæ {khjlkxj] jksVh&diMk&edku thou ds vfuok;Z rRo Fks] nkSj esa nokbZ&i<kbZ&dekbZ&vkoktkbZ vkSj okbZ&QkbZ tqM x, gSAa D;k buds fcuk vc thou dh dYiuk dh tk ldrh gS]a dnkfpr ugha ! ge ckr djsa f'k{kk vkSj LokLF; dh rks og n;kurgkjh cuh gqbZ gS]a mlesa lqèkkj dh vkSj vfèkd xqtkabZ'k gSA xkSjryc lafoèkku esa f'k{kk vkSj LokLF; ekSfyd vfèkdkjksa esa 'kkfey gSa ysfdu nqHkkZX;iw.kZ ;s nksuksa gh ekSfyd vko';drk,sa vHkh Hkh vke vkneh ls nwj gh gq, gSA ;g nwfj;ka dc rd cuh jgsaxh ;g ;{k ç'u >a>dksjrk gSA gkykrksa esa ,d xjhc csgrj bykt vkSj vPNh rkyhe ds fy, rjlrk gSA vkf[kj! ;g O;Fkk bUgsa dc rd >syuh iMsxh ukewye gSA [kkstchu esa eq[; otg f'k{kk vkSj LokLF; ds {ks= esa ljdkj dh ckj&ckj cnyrh uhfr;ka] Hkz"Vkpkj vkSj ftEesokjksa dh xSjtokcnsgh lkeus vkrh gSAa dkj.ko'k f'k{kk vkSj LokLF; ds {ks= esa futh laLFkkuksa u reke ywV [klksV ds ckotwn viuh tMsa tek yh gSaA vc rks mtkZapy Vkbxj @ tqykbZ 2018

ljdkj] ljdkjh Ldwyksa dks Hkh futh gkFkksa esa lkSius dh rS;kjh esa gSAa veyhtkek esa t:jrenksa ds fy, LokLF; ds lkFk&lkFk f'k{kk Hkh nwHkj gks tk,xhA vycÙkk] ljdkjksa us Hkys gh f'k{kk dk vfèkdkj vfèkfu;e] f'k{kk xkjaVh] loZf'k{kk vkSj Ldwy pyks vfHk;ku tSlh egRodka{kh ;kstuk,a rks cukbZ ij okLrfodrk ;g gS fd ljdkjh Ldwyksa esa u cSBus dh txg gS]a u f'k{kd] u vkèkqfud f'k{kk ds lalkèkuA vc ljdkjh Ldwyks ds gkykr ;g gks x;s gSa fd vke balku rks D;k ,d jkg pyrk fHk[kkjh Hkh vius cPps dks ljdkjh Ldwy esa Hkstus ls drjk jgk gSaA fQygky] futh 'kkykvksa esa tc yksx cPpksa dks nkf[kyk fnykus ds fy;s tkrs gSa rks muds iSjksa rys tehu f [kld tkrh gSaA lokZfèkd ywV[klksV cMs lewg }kjk lapkfyr v‚yh'kku Hkouksa ls lqLlftr efgek eafMrksa ls foHkwf"kr jk"Vªh;&varjkZ"Vªh; vkSj cksfMZax uke ls ;qä lhchlhbZ ekU;rk çkIr o tSlh vxzt sa h Ldwyksa esa gksrk gSaA 'ks"k i`"B la[;k&17 i`"B la[;k & 21


i`"B la[;k &15 dk 'ks"k

eè;çns'k&us k&usrkvks esa fgUnw cuus dh gksM+ ;k=k ds lekiu volj ij Hkh vius lxs HkkbZ vkSj çns'k esa ea=h tkye flag iVsy ds lkFk gkftjh yxkbZlh,e f'kojkt flag pkSgku ds lxs HkkbZ ujsæa flag pkSgku us ;k=k ds nkSjku fnXxh ds ikao Nwdj vk'khokZn fy;k- bruk gh ugha] ;kf=;ksa ds fy, tyiku dk Hkh bartke fd;k- lkQ gS fd dy rd eqfLye ijLr] fganw fojksèkh dgs tkus okys fnXxh vc fganw eku fy, x, gSafnXxh gh ugha] dkaxzsl ds lHkh cMs usrk Lo;a dks ,d nwljs ls cM+k fganw ^cuus* vkSj fn[kkus dh gksM+ esa gSa- iwoZ dsæa h; ea=h vkSj dkaxzsl ds çns'k vfHk;ku lfefr ds vè;{k T;ksfrjkfnR; flafèk;k us mTtSu ds egkdky eafnj ls ifjorZu ;k=k dh 'kq#vkr dh- mUgksaus lh,e f'kojkt ds x`g ftys flgksj dh ,d lHkk esa dgk] ßesjk ifjokj vc rd nks lkS ls T;knk eafnj cuok pqdk gS-ß dkaxzsl ds çns'k vè;{k deyukFk dk guqeku eafnj esa >ka> ctkrs gq, ohfM;ks ok;jy fd;k tk jgk gSdkaxzsl ds çns'k vè;{k dk inHkkj xzg.k djus deyukFk Hkksiky vk, rks gokbZ vìk ls dkaxzsl dk;kZy; ds chp iM+us okys lHkh eafnjksa esa ekFkk Vsdrs utj vk, - bl dkj.k 12 fdyksehVj dh ;k=k pkj èkaVs esa iwjh gqbZ- guqeku t;arh ij vk;ksftr 'kksHkk ;k=kvksa esa dkaxzsl ds NksV& s cM+s lc 'kkfey gq,- dkaxzsl usrkvksa fnfXot;] deyukFk] T;ksfrjkfnR; vkfn ds panu&Vhdk okys fp= ok;jy fd, tk jgs gS-a ysfdu] dHkh eqfLye ijLr dgs tkus okys fnfXot; flag vc dkaxzsl ds lcls cM+s fganw usrk ds :i esa mHkjs gSaeè; çns'k esa ueZnk unh ds ckjs esa dgk tkrk gS fd ueZnk ds n'kZu ek= ls lkjs iki feV tkrs gS-a yxrk gS fd fnXxh ds Hkh lkjs ^iki* feV x, gSa- mudh ueZnk ;k=k çns'k ds ,d lkS chl foèkkulHkk {ks=ksa ls xqtjh] ;kuh blh cgkus iqjkus lacaèk Hkh rkts gks x,lcls cM+h ckr rks ;g fd vc yksx mudh èkeZiRuh ve`rk jk; dks ysdj Vhdk&fVIi.kh ugha djrs- ;k=k esa dne ls dne feykdj pyus okyh ve`rk jk; vc ^jkuh lkfgck* gks xbZa gSaturk dh çfrfØ;k ls mRlkfgr fnfXot; us dgk Hkh gS] ßeSa jktuhfrd gwa- lks] idkSM+s rks rywaxk ugha] vc jktuhfrd ;k=k çkjaHk d:axk] dkaxzsl ds usrkvksa dks mtkZapy Vkbxj @ tqykbZ 2018

tksM+dj çns'k esa dkaxzsl dh ljdkj cukus dk dke d:xk-ß fnXxh ds jktuhfrd ;k=k vksjNk ls Hkxoku jke dh iwtk ds lkFk 31 ebZ dks 'kq: gks xbZ- dkaxzsl usrk Hkwiæsa xqIrk dgrs gSa] ßblesa nks jk; ugha gS fd ;k=k ls fnfXot; flag dh yksdfç;rk c<+h gS- Nfo pedh gS- ,d ckj fQj lkfcr gqvk gS fd os ladYioku jktusrk gSa] tks dgrs gSa] lks djrs gSa-ß gks'kaxkckn fuoklh vkSj ;qok dkaxzsl ds iwoZ çns'k egklfpo Jo.k flag Bkdqj dgrs gSa] ß mudh Nfo cny xbZ gS- os çns'k dk fdax cu ldrs gSa] ugha cu ik, rks bruk r; gS fd fdax mudh ilan dk gh gksxk -ß dkaxzsl ds usrk uke ugha Nkius dh 'krZ ij dgrs gSa fd fnfXot; flag eè; çns'k dh jktuhfr ds vfuok;Z rRo gSa- os dkaxzsl ds ,dek= usrk gSa] ftudk iwjs çns'k esa usVodZ gS- dkaxzsl dk dksbZ nwljk usrk bl ekeys esa mudh cjkcjh ugha dj ldrk- os çns'k dkaxzsl ds ,dek= vè;{k jgs gSa] ftUgksua s la;qä eè; çns'k ds gj Cykd esa dk;ZdrkZ lEesyu dk vk;kstu fd;k Fkk vkSj mlesa 'kkfey gq, Fksçns'k ds jktuhfrd xfy;kjs esa ppkZ gS fd ueZnk eS;k ds vk'khokZn ls fnYyh njckj esa Hkh fnXxh etcwr gq, gSa- jkgqy xkaèkh us fnfXot; ds ;k=k ls ykSVus rd dkaxzsl ds u, çns'k vè;{k ij eqgj ugha yxkbZ- muls ckrphr ds ckn gh deyukFk ds uke ij eqgj yxhdgk ;g Hkh tk jgk gS fd fnXxh dh le>kb'k ij gh deyukFk ds gkFk deku yxh] ugha rks T;ksfrjkfnR; flafèk;k ckth ekj ysrs- bl lg;ksx dk ykHk Hkh fnXxh dks fey jgk gSdeyukFk dk usVodZ nks&pkj ftyksa esa gh gS- ,sls esa lkaxBfud Qsjcny esa lokZfèkd in fnXxh ds yksxksa dks gh fey jgs gSa- dgk ;g Hkh tk jgk gS fd muds foèkk;d iq= t;oèkZu flag dks ;qok dkaxzsl dh deku feyus okyh gS- jkgqy xkaèkh ls t;oèkZu dh eqykdkr dks blh lanHkZ esa ns[kk tk jgk gS- çns'k esa pquko bl lky ds var rd gksax-s dkaxzsl dks lÙkk fey tk,xh] ;g Hkh r; ugha gSLo;a fnfXot; flag dg pqds gSa fd os lh,e ugha cusx a sysfdu jktk ds yksxksa dks yx jgk gS &vcdh ckjh fQj jktk dh ckjh- D;ks\a blfy, fd ueZnk eS;k u,&u, fganw ^cus* fnXxh dks vk'khokZn ns jgh gSa vkSj deyukFk dk gkFk Hkh varr% muds gh flj gksxk! daxzsl usrk Hkwisæa xqIrk dgrs gSa] ^ikVÊ lkQ&lkQ dg pqdh gS fd pqus x, foèkk;d viuk usrk pqusaxs- ij jktuhfr esa lc dqN lkQ dgka gksrk gS! bèkj fganw ^cuus* dh gksM+ ij ea=h ujksÙke feJk us ehfM;kdfeZ;ksa ls dgk] ßdkaxzsl ds yksx lqfoèkk ds vuqlkj eafnj tkrs gSa- bl ij muls vc loky gksuk pkfg,-ß ij loky djsxk dkSu\ i`"B la[;k & 22


NÙkhlx<+

jk;iqj&^gej NÙkhlx<+* esa1-55yk[k çfrfufèk vk, vè;;u Hkze.k ij C;wjks jk;iqj ¼mtkZapy Vkbxj½ jkT; 'kklu dh egRokdka{kh ;kstuk ^gej NÙkhlx<+^ ds rgr 30 twu 2018 rd djhc ,d yk[k 55 gtkj fuokZfpr tuçfrfufèk;ksa vkSj efgyk Lolgk;rk lewg dh inkfèkdkfj;ksa us jktèkkuh dk vè;;u Hkze.k fd;kA ;kstuk ds varxZr xzke iapk;rksa vkSj uxj iapk;rksa ds yxHkx ,d yk[k 38 gtkj] lgdkjh lfefr;ksa ds lkr gtkj vkSj efgyk Lolgk;rk lewgksa ds nl gtkj ls vfèkd inkfèkdkjh vè;;u çokl ij jk;iqj igqp a sA buesa çns'k ds lHkh 27 ftyksa vkSj 144 fodkl[kaMksa ds çfrfufèk 'kkfey gSaA f=Lrjh; iapk;rhjkt çfrfufèk;ksa ds l'kfädj.k vkSj mudk vuqHko lalkj le`) djus ds fy, NÙkhlx<+ ljdkj }kjk 01 tqykbZ 2016 dks bl ;kstuk dh 'kq#vkr dh xbZ FkhA ckn esa 02 vDVwcj 2016 dks lgdkfjrk ds fuokZ f pr çfrfufèk;ksa vkSj 16 ebZ 2018 ls jk"Vªh; xzkeh.k vkthfodk fe'ku ds rgr dke dj jgh efgyk Lolgk;rk lewgksa dh inkfèkdkfj;ksa dks Hkh gej NÙkhlx<+ ;kstuk ls tksM+k x;kA chrs nks lkyksa esa ;kstuk dh mi;ksfxrk dks ns[krs gq, ljdkj us bldh vofèk rhu ekg c<+k nh gSA vkxkeh 10 tqykbZ ls 30 flrEcj rd la;ä q ou çcaèku lfefr;ksa ds çfrfufèk vè;;u Hkze.k ij vk,axsA bl nkSjku çns'k ds 32 oueaMyksa esa xfBr djhc lkr gtkj 900 lfefr;ksa ds yxHkx 16 gtkj çfrfufèk vè;;u çokl ij vk,axsA mtkZapy Vkbxj @ tqykbZ 2018

nks fnuksa ds vè;;u nkSjs ds nkSjku tuçfrfufèk;ksa vkSj inkfèkdkfj;ksa dks u;k jk;iqj esa taxy lQkjh] ea=ky; ¼egkunh Hkou½] Qkbo&Mh beflZo Mkse] 'kghn ohj ukjk;.k flag varjkZ"Vªh; fØdsV LVsfM;e vkSj iqj[kkSrh eqäkaxu fn[kk;k tkrk gSA ogha jk;iqj esa mUgsa NÙkhlx<+ foèkkulHkk] lkbal lsVa j] bafnjk xkaèkh —f"k foÜofo|ky; vkSj Lokeh foosdkuan foekury dk Hkze.k djk;k tkrk gSA u;k jk;iqj ds mijokjk fLFkr gksVy çcaèku laLFkku dks ;kstuk ds vkoklh; ifjlj ds :i esa fodflr fd;k x;k gSA ;gka ,d lkFk djhc 750 çfrfufèk;ksa ds vkokl ,oa Hkkstu dh O;oLFkk gSA vè;;u Hkze.k ds lkFk&lkFk çfrfufèk;ksa dks dbZ foHkkxksa dh ;kstukvksa dh tkudkjh nh tkrh gSA bl nkSjku çns'k ds vyx&vyx {ks=ksa ls vk, çfrfufèk 'kkldh; ;kstukvksa ds fØ;kUo;u vkSj vius dk;ksZa ds vuqHko ,d&nwljs ls lk>k djrs gSaA xzkelHkk] LoPNrk] fofèkd lgk;rk ,oa fMftVy ysu&nsu ds ckjs esa Hkh mUgsa tkx:d fd;k tkrk gSA vè;;u çokl ij vkus okys lHkh çfrfufèk;ksa dks vkoklh; ifjlj esa ;ksxkH;kl Hkh djk;k tkrk gSA Nk;kfp= çn'kZuh] gksyksxzkfQd fFk,Vj esa iapk;r çfrfufèk;ksa ds fy, eq[;ea=h M‚- jeu flag dk lans'k 'jeu ds ckr gej eu ds lkFk'] ykbV ,aM lkmaM 'kks ,oa lkaL—frd çLrqfr;ksa ds tfj, tuçfrfufèk;ksa ,oa inkfèkdkfj;ksa dks fiNys 15 o"kksZa esa NÙkhlx<+ esa gq, fodkl vkSj jkT; dh miyfCèk;ksa ls :&c&: djk;k tkrk gSA i`"B la[;k & 23


lks'ky fefM;k lhfj;y fdyj curk lks'ky fefM;k mtkZapy Vkbxj U;wt usVodZ lks'ky fefM;k dk yksdfç; ,si OgkV~l ,si dh igpku dqN fnXHkzfer yksxksa ds dkj.k vc lhfj;y fdyj curk tk jgk gSA ns'k esa OgkV~l ,si ij lØh; vQkokgckt+ ds vQokg ds dkj.k ntZuksa yksxksa dks vc rd viuh tku xaokuh iM+h gSA bUgha vQokgcktks ds dkj.k 01tqykbZ2018 dks egkjk"Vª esa ikap yksxksa dks tku xokuh iM+hAegkjk"Vª ds vkfnoklh ckgqY; bykds esa cPph ls tkudkjh ysuk ikap ;qodksa dks eagxk iM+ x;kAxzkeh.kksa us cPpk pksj le> dj ne Hkj fiVkbZ dj nh]ftlls ikapks ;qodksa dh ekSr gks xbZAekeyk egkjk"Vª ds èkqfy;k ftys dk gSA iqfyl bl ekeys esa 10yksxksa dks fxj¶rkj dj iwNrkN dj jgh gSAegkjk"Vª ds x`g jkT;ea=h ea=h us ?kVuk dh tkap ds vkns'k fn, gSaA iqfyl ds vuqlkj dqN vU; yksxksa ds lkFk 5;qodksa dks èkqys ftys ds jsuiMk bykds esa jkT; ifjogu dh cl ls mrjrs ns[kk x;kAmuesa ls ,d us tc ,d cPph ls ckrphr djus dk ç;kl fd;k rks lkIrkfgd jfookj cktkj ds fy, ogka ekStnw yksxksa us fiVkbZ 'kq: dj nhAne Hkj fiVkbZ ls ikapks ;qod dh ekSr gks xbZA vle cPpk pksjh ds vkjksi esa gR;k dk ;g dksbZ igyk ekeyk ugha gSAblls igys gky gh esa vle ds dckZ vk¡xyksUl ftys esa HkhM+ us nks ;qod dks ihV ihV dj gR;k dj nh FkhAHkhM+ dks 'kd Fkk fd nksuksa ;qod cPpksa dks vijg.k djus okys fxjksg dk lnL; gSAtcfd gdhdr ;g Fkk ds nksuksa nksLr Fks ,d dkjksckjh vkSj nwljk lkmaM bathfu;jA nksuksa dks HkhM+ us okgu ls mrkjk vkSj ckaèk dj csjgeh ls rc rd ihVk tc rd nksuksa dh ekSr ugha gqbZA f=iqjk f=iqjk esa xq#okj dks e‚c fyafpax dh ?kVuk lkeus vkbZ mtkZapy Vkbxj @ tqykbZ 2018

gSA HkhM+ us cPpk pksjh ds 'kd esa diM+k cspus vk, rhu yksxksa dks tedj fiVkbZ dhA ftles ,d O;fä dh ekSr gks xbZ vkSj ,d xaHkhj :i ls ?kk;y gks x;kA;g ?kVuk if'peh f=iqjk ds vkfnoklh cgqy eqjkcjh xkao esa ?kVhA NÙkhlx<+ 22 twu dks NÙkhlx<+ ds ljxqtk ft+ys esa ,d vKkr O;fä dks cPpk pksj ds 'kd esa HkhM+ us ihV&ihV dj ekj MkykA eè; çns'k eè;çns'k ds flaxjkSyh ftys esa cPpk pksj fxjksg dk lnL; le> ds ekM+k Fkkuk {ks= esa xzkeh.kksa us cg:fi;s dk Lokax djus okys ,d ;qod dh csgjeh ls fiVkbZ dj nhA?kVuk 27twu 2018dh gSA iqfyl ls feyh tkudkjh ds vuqlkj eaxyokj dh 'kke ekM+k Fkkuk {ks= ds jktfeyku esa lkM+h igus gq, ftl ;qod dks cPpk pksj fxjksg dk lnL; le> dj cqjh rjg ls ihVk gS] ml ;qod dk cPpk pksj fxjksg ls dksbZ ysuk nsuk ugha gSAihfM+r ;qod jkeHkjksls lhèkh ftys ds xzke cM+okuh e>kSyh dk jgus okyk gSAiqfyl us rRijrk fn[kkbZ vkSj ;qod dks HkhM+ ls cpk ds fudyus esa lQy jghAbl ekeys esa nksf"k;ksa dks idM+k x;k gS ftles OgkV~l,i ds v¶okºckt+ i=dkj ij Hkh 'kkfey gSA loky ;g gS ds ns'k esa ,sls vQ+okgckt+ vpkud c<+ x, ;k ;g fdlh lqfu;ksftr rjhds ls fd;k tkus okyk vijkfèk;ksa dk fxjksg gS\ dHkh xkS j{kk ds uke ij rks dHkh yo ftgkn ds uke ij vc cPpk pksj ds uke ij HkhM+ dk bdB~Bk gks tkuk vkSj bruk fgald gks tkuk ds ,d balku dks Øwjrkiwod Z fiV fiV dj ekSr dh uhan lqyk nsuk],slh vekuoh; ekufldrk dgk¡ ls vkxbZ\ dkSu gS tks ,slh ekufldrk dks iks"k.k nsrk gS\tks Hkh gS ljdkj dks ,sls vjktd rRoksa ds f[k+ykQ+ rqjar l[r dk;Zokgh djuh pkfg,]D;ksafd ,sls fnXHkzfer yksx u rks ns'k ds fy, vkSj u gh balkfu;r ds fy, Bhd gSA i`"B la[;k & 24


flaxjkSyh dh [kcjsa dkuwu dk mya?ku djus okyk c['kk ugha tk,xk &iq &iqfyl vèkh{kd C;wjks flaxjkSyhAA dksbZ fdruk Hkh çHkko'kkyh D;ksa u gks dkuwu dk mya?ku djus ij iqfyl;k dk;Zokgh ls cp ugh ldrkAdkuwu O;oLFkk vkSj efgykvksa ckfydkvksa dh lqj{kk igyh çkFkfedrk gSA mä ckrsa uokxr iqfyl vèkh{kd fj;kt bd+cky us flaxjkSyh ds i=dkjksa ls igyh HksaVokrkZ esa dghAiqfyl vèkh{kd fj;kt us vius dM+s rsoj esa lHkh VhvkbZ dks lpsr fd;k dh de esa ykijokgh fcydqy cnkZ'r ugha fd;k tk,xk]ftl VhvkbZ ds {ks= esa voSèk dkjksckj feyk]ml {ks= ds VhvkbZ ds Åij dk;Zokgh dh xkt fxjuk r; gSA vius iksfLVax ds fo"k; esa crkrs gq, ,lih bdcky us dgk dh crkSj ,,lih Hkksiky esa lk<+s rhu o"kZ]Xokfy;j esa Ms<+ o"kZ]vkSj 2016 ls crkSj iqfyl vèkh{kd iUuk esa igyh iksfLVax gqbZ FkhA ,lih bdcky us crk;k dh mudk ilanhnk [ksy QqVc‚y vkSj Vsful gSA

firk ds dgus ij flfoy lfoZl esa vk,A ,lih bdcky us crk;k dh og ewyr% dsjy ds fuoklh gSa vkSj vkbZvkbZVh ls bathfu;fjax fd;k gSAmuds firk Hkh bathfu;j gS ]mUgh dk dguk Fkk fd

oks flfoy lfoZlt s esa tk;sA ftlds ckn og 2011 esa ;w ih ,l lh dh ijh{kk esa cSBs vkSj DokyhQkbZ dj flfoy lfoZl t‚bu fd,A

xaxk tequh ijEijk esa j[krs gSa ;dhuA ikfjokfjd tkudkjh esa ,l ih bdcky us crk;k fd mudh iRuh lk¶Vos;j bathfu;j gS tks fgUnw lekt ls lacaèk j[krh gSa vkSj mudh ,d 4 o"kZ dh cPph gSA tkfr ikrh o èkkfeZd HksnHkko tSlh dksbZ pht muds chp ugh gSA cMs gh csckd vankt esa Jh bdcky us dgk fd ge vyx vyx èkeZ ls Hkys gS ij ,d nwljs ds èkeZ LFky ij iwjh vkLFkk ls tkrs gSaA

,ulh,y us esjs cky LoIu dks lkdkj fd;k &lkaln

flaxjkSyh¼eè;çns'k½AA flaxjkSyh ds fodkl ds fy, ,ulh,y dh vksj ls fd, tk jgs dk;ksZa dh eqä daB ls ljkguk djrs gq, mUgksua s ,ulh,y dk vkHkkj trk;k vkSj mEehn tkfgj dh fd lkewfgd lg;ksx ls ldkjkRed lksp ds lkFk fd, tk jgs ç;klksa dh cnkSyr vkus okys le; esa ,ulh,y vkSj eè; çns'k mtkZapy Vkbxj @ tqykbZ 2018

dk flaxjkSyh ifj{ks= jk"Vªh; iVy ij viuh ubZ igpku cuk,axsA flaxjkSyh ds fodkl esa ,ulh,y ds ;ksxnku dk ,d mnkgj.k nsrs gq, mUgksua s crk;k fd dSls ,ulh,y us muds cpiu ds lius dks lkdkj fd;kA mUgksaus dgk fd flaxjkSyh esa mudh tUeHkwfe [kVdjh xkao dh lM+d csgn [kLrkgky Fkh vkSj cpiu esa os vDlj lksprh Fkha fd ;g lM+d D;ksa ugha curh vkSj bl lM+d dk cuuk mudk ,d liuk FkkA vkt ;gka ,ulh,y us csgrjhu lM+d cuk nh gS vkSj og tc vius xkao tkrh gSa] rks lM+d fdukjs ,ulh,y dk cksMZ ns[kdj mUgsa xoZ dh vuqHkwfr gksrh gSA,ulh,y ls tqM+s igyqvksa dh rQlhy ls ppkZ djrs gq, mUgksua s dgk fd Hkkjr ds fdlh Hkh dksus esa esjh vkSj esjs lalnh; {ks= dh igpku ,ulh,y ,oa ,uVhihlh tSls dsæa ljdkj ds cM+s laLFkkuksa dh ekStnw xh ls gS] ftl ij eq>s QØ gSA i`"B la[;k & 25


flaxjkSyh dh [kcjsa og fnu nwj ugh gS tc ns'k ls iw.kZ :i ls xjhch feV tk;sxhA&,ehA&,e-ts vdcj C;wjks flaxjkSyh]eè;çns'k mtkZapy Vkbxj fufr vk;ksx ds MsYVk jSafdax esa flaxjkSyh 99os ls 62osa LFkku ij igqap x;k gSA vius flaxjkSyh nkSjs ij vk,a fons'k jkT; ea=h ,e-ts vdcj us fodkl dk;kZs dh leh{kk ds lkFk 42 yk[k ds dk;kZs dk f'kykU;k'k fd;k vkSj fgrxzkfg;ksa dks dsUæ ,oa çns'k ljdkj dh tu dY;k.kdkjh ;kstukvksa dk ykHk forj.k fd;kA flaxjkSyh ftys ds lkeqnkf;d Hkou csykSth esa vk;ksftr dsUæ ,oa çns'k ljdkj dh tu dY;k.kdkjh ;kstukvksa ds ykHk forj.k dk;ZØe esa mifLFkr tu lewg dks lacksfèkr djrs gq;sa fons'k jkT; ea=h vdcj us dgka fd çèkkuea=h ds usr`Ro esa tgka vkt ns'k dk rhoz xfr fodkl gqvk gSA csfV;ksa ds lkFk nqoZO;kogj djus okys jk{klh euksor` ds yksxks dks vc Qkalh ij yVdkus dk dkuwu cuk;k x;k gSAog fnu nwj ugh gS tc ns'k ls iw.kZ :i ls xjhch feV tk;sxhAns'k dks vkxs c<+kuk gj O;fä dk dke gSA

bu ;kstukvks ls fgrxzkfg;ksa gq, ykHkkfUor uxjh;k {ks= varxZr lacy ;kstuk ds rgr 2 yk[k dk psd] vUR;ksf"B lgk;rk dk 5 gtkj] jk"Vh; ifjokj lgk;rk dk 20 gtkj] ,oa 33 fgrxzkfg;ksa dh is'ku Loh—rh vkns'k dk forj.k fd;k x;kA

dysDVj ds igy ij csjkstxkjksa dks flDdy daEiuh esa feyh ukSdjh

flaxjkSyhAA h

dysDVj

vuqjkx

pkS/kjh

mtkZapy Vkbxj @ tqykbZ 2018

ds

}kjk

ykMyh ya{eh ;kstuk ds rgr nks cafPp;ksa dk çek.k i=] çèkkuea=h ekr`Ro oanu ;kstuk ds rgr rhu fgrxzkfg;ksa dks ykHk] eq[;ea=h çlwfr lgk;rk ds rgr 7 çlwfr efgykvksa dks ykHk] 14 Hkwfe ghuksa dks iêk forj.k] pkj fgrxzkfg;ks dks oukfèkdkj dk çek.k i=] 9fgrxzkfg;ksa dks mTtoyk ;kstuk ds rgr xS'k dus{ku lfgr eè;çns'k jkT; y?kq ouksmit la?k lfefr dks lkM+h okVy] çfrHkkou fo|kfFkZ;ksa dks çek.k lfgr vU;k ;kstukvksa ds ik= fgrxzkfg;ks dks ykHk forj.k fd;kA

çèkkuea=h vkoklks dk fd;s voyksdu iwoZ uxj ikfyd fuxe flaxjkSyh }kjk xfu;kjh esa fufeZr fd;s x, çèkkuea=h vkoklksa dk fujh{k.k fd;k x;k rFkk vkoklksa ds voyksdu i'pkr [kq'kh tkfgr djrs gq;sa egkikSj] dysDVj] fuxe vè;{k] vk;qä uxj fuxe dks cèkkbZ nsrs gq;sa dgka fd blh rjg ls vksj vkoklksa dk Hkh 'kh?kz fuekZ.k fd;k tkdj ik= fgrxzkgh dks vkoafVr djsA ifj;kstukvksa ls foLFkkfir ifjokjksa ds csjkstxkj ;qokvksa ,oa ftysa ds fuokljr ,sls ;qod tks iwoZ esa ln~Hkkouk daEiuh ,oa <hYyw daEiuh esa dk;Z dj jgs Fks daEiuh dk dk;Z iw.kZ gks tkus ds dkj.k csjkstxkj gks x;s Fks mUgsa vkt ¼55-7-2018½ dysDVsªV lHkkxkj esa flDdy daEiuh esa dk;Z djus dk fu;qfDr izek.k i= vius dj deyks }kjk forfjr djrs gq;s flDdy daEiuh ds eSustj dks funsZ’k fn;s fd 100 O;fDr;ksa dks vxyas tulquokbZ esa fu;qfDr izek.k i= rS;kj dj vkos tulquokbZ esa gh eS forfjr d:xkA bl volj ij flaxjkSyh fo/kkulHkk ds fo/kk;d jkeyYyw cSl] lektlsoh dqnu ik.Msa;] nsosUnz ikBd] vij dysDVj _tq ckQuk],lMh,e fodkl flag] lfgr flDdy daEiuh ds vf/kdkjh mifLFkr jgsA i`"B la[;k & 26


,l,lvkbZ vj'kn [kku

lksuHkæ

dh usd igy 3ntZu cPpksa dks yap iSdsV o diM+k fn;kA lksuHkæ ls ukS'kkn valkjhAAvDlj gekjs vkSj vkids kjhAA eu esa iqfyl ds çfr reke rjg ds xyr Hkzkafr;ka gksrh gSaAysfdu Mhthih egksn; ds ç;kl ls ;wih iqfyl dk psgjk cny jgk gSA;wih esa reke ,sls iqfyldeÊ gSa tks vius lkSE; LoHkko vkSj ges'kk nwljksa dh enn djus ds fy;s tkus tkrs gSaAftlds dkj.k vke tuekul vkSj iqfyl ds chp igys ls vPNk lkeUtL; cuk gSA ,sls gh ,d iqfyldeÊ gSa fiijh ,l,lvkbZ vj'kn [kkuAlksuHkæ ds jkcV~lZxt a ls fnO;kax yksxksa ds cPps tks xjhch ds dkj.k dgha ?kwe ikus esa v{ke FksAmu 37cPpksa dks lnj foèkk;d Hkwis'k pkScs o ftys ds ofj"B i=dkj fot; fouhr us lksu ;k=k dk;ZØe ds rgr

pksiu Mkyk]js.kqdVw ]fiijh ds dbZ txgksa dh lSj djk;hAtc ;s ;k=k fiijh dksrokyh ls xqtjk rks ogk¡ is {ks=kfèkdkjh fiijh jkgqy feJk ds funZs'ku o fiijh ,l,pvks lqHkk"k paæ jk; ds ekxZn'kZu esa fiijh ,l,lvkbZ vj'kn [kku us fiijh dksrokyh is reke mu 37 cPpksa dks yap iSdVs o diM+k fn;kA ogh¡ yap iSdVs o diM+k ikdj cPpksa ds psgjs is eqLdku vk x;hAvj'kn [kku us crk;k ds ,slk usd dk;Z djus ls vius vki esa ,d :gkuh lqduw feyrk gSA

mtkZUpy esa c<+rs fldsMh dk vkijkfèkd xzkQ+ ij vadq'k yxkus esa ukdke ftyk ç'kklu\

lksuHkæ¼mÙkj çns'k½AAmÙkj çns'k esa ;ksxh ljdkj cuus k½AA ds ckn turk esa ;g mEehn txk Fkk ds Hkz"Vkpkj vkSj vijkèk ij vadq'k yxsxk vkSj dkuwu dk jkt dk;e gksxkA ysfdu mÙkj çns'k ds lksuHkæ ftys dk 'kfäuxj {ks= esa o"kkZs ls lapkfyr dckfM+;ksa dk edM+ tky viuk dke cnLrwj cs[kkSQ lapkfyr dj u dsoy dkuwu dks Bsaxk fn[kk jgk gS cfYd lekt ds csjkstxkj ;qok oxZ dks bl rjg ds xksj[kèkaèks fd vksj vkdf"kZr dj muds Hkfo"; ls Hkh [ksy jgk gSA ,ulh,y ds ifj;kstukvksa ls gksus okyh Mhty o dckM+ pksjh #dus dk uke ugh ys jgk gS Acrkns dh lksuHkæ ftyk ds lhekorÊ bykds esa dckM+h;ks dk tky fcN x;k gS] ftldks rksMu+ s esa ;gka ds lqj{kk ra= ukdke lkfcr gks jgk gSA mtkZapy Vkbxj @ tqykbZ 2018

lw=ksa dh ekus rks ,ulh,y chuk ifj;kstuk esa futh lqj{kk ,tsalh dh feyhHkxr ls vlZs ls Mhty o dckM+ pksjh dk flyflyk py jgk gSA ,ulh,y chuk o [kfM+;k ifj;kstuk ls dckM+ dh rkcM+rksM+ pksjh [kfM+;k cktkj esa fLFkr dckM+ dh nqdku ds lapkyd }jk djkbZ tkrh gS]rFkk ,ulh,y ddjh ifj;kstuk esa cM+dw uke ds dckM+h dk lkezkT; gSA pkSrjQk ,ulh,y ds [knku esa èkkok cksy jkstkuk yk[kks dk dckM+ pksjh dh tk jgh gSA ftles ,ulh,y dk lqj{kk foHkkx o ifj;kstuk esa yxh futh lqj{kk ,tsalh dh egRoiw.kZ Hkwfedk gSA mä dckM+ lapkyd ds igq¡p o pedhys uksV ds vkxs LFkkuh; iqfyl Hkh dqN djus dh fgekdr ugh tqVk ik jgh gSA LFkkuh; yksxksa fd ekus rks dckM+ dkjksckjh;ksa }kjk Ns= esa dckM+ dh nqdku [kksydj vapy ds vkfnoklh csjkstxkj ;qokvksa dks iSls dk ykyp nsdj dckM+ pksjh dh yr yxk jgs gSA dckM+ ds vcSèk dkjksckj ls tgk¡ pksfj;ks dk xzkQ c<+ jgk gS ogh u'kk ,oa tqok dh Hkh yr ;qokvksa esa c<+rk tk jgk gSALFkkuh; yksxks us ftyk ç'kklu ls ekax fd;k gS fd equhc xqIrk tSls 'kkfrj dckM+h ds f[kykQ dk;Zokgh dh tk; ftlls ftys esa c<+ jgs vijkèkksa ds xzkQ o dckM+ pksjh ij vadq'k yxk;k tk ldsA i`"B la[;k & 27


'kf[l;r

vaxzstksa ds pqaxqy esa tsy jgs] ysfdu vktknh ds ckn mUgs NksM+ fn;k x;kA mUgsa Lora=rk lsukuh dk ntkZ fn;k x;k FkkA 16 Qjojh 1961 bZå Hkkstiqjh flusek ds fy, ,d ,sfrgkfld frfFk ekuh tkrh gS] blh fnu iVuk ds 'kghn Lekjd esa Hkkstiqjh dh igyh fQYe ^xaxk ebZ;k rksgs fi;jh p<+bcks* dk ewgwrZ lekjksg laiUu gqvk vkSj mlds vxys lqcg bl fQYe dh 'kwfVax 'kq: dh xbZ FkhA vkt vki lksp ldrs gS fd fgUnh fQYe txr ds f{kfrt ij ,d u;k 'kfä dk eqgEen 'kgkcqíhu [kku mn; fdruk Økafrdkjh dne jgk gksxkA oks Hkh ,sls eqacbZAA iwoÊ mÙkj çns'k dk ftyk x+kt+hiqj dks cgknqjksa le; esa tc fdlh ls Hkkstiqjh fQYe cukus ds ckjs esa dh èkjrh ekuh tkrh gSA taxs vktknh esa ;gk¡ ds ohjksa ckr djuk Hkh csodwQ cuus dh rjg FkkA ysfdu gj ds vusd fdLls e'kgwj gSaA mlh esa ,d 'k[k+~l ,slk Hkh ;qx esa ,sls tquuw h gksrs gSa tks u, ;qx dk fuekZ.k dj gS tks viuh cgknqjh ds lkFk&lkFk viuh ,d vPNh nsrs gSaA ,sls gh ,d tquuw h ludh Fks] fganh fQYeksa ds vfHku; ds fy, iwjh nqfu;k esa fo[;kr gqvk] ml csgrjhu vfHku; drkZ ut+hj gqluS ! ftudks vkt 'k[k+~l dk uke ut+hj gqlSu gSA vktkn vktkn fgUn Q+kSt ds Hkkstiqjh flusek dk Hkh"e firkeg dgk tkrk fgUn Q+kt S ds tkckt+ flikgh vkSj Hkkstiqjh tkckt+ flikgh vkSj gSA ut+hj lkgc Hkkstiqjh fQYe cukus ds fQ+Ye ds Hkh"e firkeg dgs tkus okys Hkkstiqjh fQ+Ye ds Hkh"e fy, cgqr cspkSu FksA Hkkstiqjh fQYe cukus dq'ky fuekZrk vkSj funZs'kd ut+hj gqluS dk firkeg dgs tkus okys dh çsj.kk mudks ns'kjRu M‚å jktsUæ çlkn t+Ue 15 ebZ 1922 bZå dks mÙkj çns'k ds dq'ky fuekZrk vkSj fun- ls feyh FkhA jktsanj ckcw ds lkeus tc ftyk x+kt+hiqj esa eqfLye cgqewY; bykdk Z's kd ut+hj gqlSu dk ut+hj lkgc us vius eu dh bl ckr dks delkjksckj {ks= ds ekStk+ mfl;k xkao fLFkr t+Ue 15 ebZ 1922 bZå j[kk Fkk rks jktsna j ckcw us dgk vkidh ckr mÙkj eksgYyk esa eêw [kku ds ?kj gqvk FkkA dks mÙkj çns'k x+kt+hiqj rks cgqr vPNh gS ysfdu blds fy, cgqr buds firk dk uke lkgctkn [kku tks fgEer pkfg, vkSj mruk fgEer vxj vki esa gqvk FkkA jsyos esa xkMZ Fks vkSj ekrk jlwyu chch tks esa gks rks fQYe t:j cukb,A bruk fgEer ,d èkkfeZd x`fg.kh [kkrwu FkhA budh ut+hj lkgc ds ikl FkkA blds ckn mlus çkjafHkd f'k{kk xkao dh çkbejh edrc esa gqbZ vkSj vkxs mUgksua s ,d csgrjhu fLØIV fy[kh ftldk uke j[kk dh i<+kbZ y[kuÅ esa iwjh fd,A ut+hj gqlSu yacs le; xaxk ebZ;k rksgs fi;jh p<+bcks" vkSj fQj oä dh ls Hkwyk fn, x,! rdjhcu 400 ls vfèkd fQYeksa esa j¶rkj ds lkFk fuekZrk <wa<us dh mudh dksf'k'k dke fd;kA mUgksus dqN le; ds fy, fczfV'k lsuk esa vuojr tkjh jghA;s vaèksjs ls mtkys dh vksj ,d ,slk dke fd;k] tgka ij usrk lqHkk"k paæ cksl ds çHkko esa lQj Fkk ftldk lqcg dc] dgk¡ vkSj dSls gksxk ;s vkdj Hkkjrh; jk"Vªh; lsuk ¼vkbZ,u,½ esa fcey j‚; bl le; fdlh dks Hkh ugha irk FkkA pkjks rjQ cl cksl ds lkFk 'kkfey gks x, vkSj oks dqN fnuksa rd ,d nnÊyk lUukVk iljk FkkA

ut+hj gqlSu&vnkdkjh ls lekt dks fn'kk nsus okyk Hkkstiqjh ,DVj

mtkZapy Vkbxj @ tqykbZ 2018

i`"B la[;k & 28


blh vaèksjs ds lQj esa ukftj lkgc ds gelQj cusa – fuekZrk ds :i esa foÜoukFk 'kkgkcknh] funZs'kd ds :i esa dqanu dqekj] ghjks ds :i esa vlhe dqekj vkSj fgjksbu ds :i esa dqedqe feyhA ;s dkQhyk tc vkxs c<+k rks blesa jkek;.k frokjh] in~ek [kUuk] iVsy vkSj Hkxoku flUgk tSlh 'kf[l;rsa Hkh 'kkfey gks x,A xhr dk ftEek 'kSysUæ us mBk;k rks laxhr ds ftEesnkjh yh fp=xqIr th us! fQj D;k Fkk] fQYe ^ xaxk ebZ;k rksgs fi;jh p<+bcks* cuh vkSj 1962 esa fjyht gqbZA urhtk ;s fd xk¡o rks xk¡o 'kgj ds yksx Hkh bl Hkkstiqjh fQ+Ye dks ns[kus esa [kkuk&ihuk Hkwy x,A tks forjd bl fQYe dks ysus ls uk&uqdqj dj jgs Fks vc nkarks rys vaxqyh dkVus yxs FksA yksx tgka&rgka ckrs djus yxs Fks fd xaxk ugkvks] foÜoukFk th ds n'kZu djks vkSj rc ?kj tkvksA bl fQYe dh [kkfl;r Fkh n'kZd ls bldh vkReh;rk] ngst] bLykg] csesy fookg]

rksMu+ s dk tksf[ke mBk;kA mUgksua s lqthr dqekj vkSj fel bafM;k çsek ukjk;.k dks ysdj igyh jaxhu Hkkstiqjh fQYe ^naxy* dk fuekZ.k fd;kA unhe&Jo.k ds eèkqj laxhr ls lth ^naxy* O;olk; ds naxy esa Hkh ckth ekj ys xbZA Hkkstiqjh fQYe ds bl èkekdsnkj 'kq#vkr ds ckotwn nl lky 1967 ls 1977 rd Hkkstiqjh fQYeksa dk fuekZ.k yxHkx can jgkA Hkkstiqjh fQYe baMLVªh dh ;s gkyr Hkkstiqjh;k laLdkj vkSj laL—fr dh HkksFkj pkdw ls gR;k djus okys fQYedkjksa ds pyrs gqbZA lu-1967 ls 1977 ds varjky esa txeksgu eêw us ,d fQ+Ye ^ferok* Hkh cukbZ] tks fd 1970 esa mÙkj çns'k vkSj 1972 esa fcgkj esa çnf'kZr dh xbZA bl rjg ls ;s fQYe igys vkSj nwljs nkSj ds chp dh ,d dM+h FkhA Hkkstiqjh fQYe dk lqugjk nkSj : 1977 esa çnf'kZr ^naxy* dh dke;kch us ,dckj fQj ut+hj gqluS dks mRçsfjr dj fn;kA ftlds ckn mUgksua s

u'kkckth] lkearh laLdkj vkSj vaèkfoÜokl ls fudyh leL;k] tks Hkkstiqfj;k yksxksa dks viuh ftUnxh dh leL;k yx jgh FkhA xhrdkj 'kSysUæ vkSj laxhrdkj fp=xqIr us xhrksa dks bruk eksgd cuk;k fd xhr xyh&xyh ctus yxsA lu-1961 ls 1967 ds chp Hkkstiqjh flusek : igyh Hkkstiqjh fQYe ^xaxk eb;k rksgs fi;jh p<+bcks* ds xhr iwokZsÙkj Hkkjr ds xk¡o&xk¡o esa xwatus yxsA ikap yk[k dh iwath ls cuh ;g ^xaxk eb;k…* us yxHkx 75 yk[k #i, dk O;olk; dhA bls ns[kdj dqN O;olk;h yksx Hkkstiqjh fQYe dks lksuk ds vaMs nsus okyh eqxÊ le>us yxsA urhtk ;s fudyk fd Hkkstiqjh fQYe fuekZ.k dk tks igyk nkSj 1961 ls 'kq: gqvk oks 1967 rd py iM+kA bl nkSj esa ntZuksa fQYesa cuha ysfdu ^ykxh ukgha NwVs jke* vkSj ^fonsfl;k* dks NksM+ dj dksbZ Hkh fQYe vPNk çn'kZu ugh dj ikbZA bu nksuksa fQYeksa ds xhr deky ds FksA ,d n'kd dh pqIih : 1967 ds ckn nl lky rd Hkkstiqjh fQYe fuekZ.k dk flyflyk Bi jgkA lu-1977 bZå esa fonsfl;k ds fuekZrk cPpw HkkbZ lkg us bl pqIih dks

jkds'k ik.Ms; vkSj in~ek [kUuk dks 'kh"kZ Hkwfedk esa ysdj ^cye ijnsfl;k* dk fuekZ.k fd;kA vutku vkSj fp=xqIr ds [ku [kukrs xhr&laxhr ls lqlfTtr ^cye ijnsfl;k* jtr t;Urh eukus esa lQy gqbZA rc bl lQyrk ls vuqçkf.kr gksdj Hkkstiqjh fQYe ds fryLeh vkdk'k esa fuekZrk v'kksd pan tSu dk èkekdsnkj vorj.k gqvk vkSj mudh fQYe ^èkjrh eb;k* vkSj ^xaxk fdukjs eksjk xk¡o* us ghjd t;Urh eukbZA Hkkstiqjh fQ+Ye fuekZ.k dk ;s nwljk nkSj 1977 ls 1982 rd pykA lu- 1983 esa 11 fQYesa cuha ftuesa eksgu th çlkn dh ^gekj HkkSth*] 1984 esa ukS fQYesa cuha ftlesa jkt dVkfj;k dh ^HkS;k nwt*] 1985 esa 6 fQYesa cuha ftuesa yky th xqIr dh ^uSgj ds pqujh* vkSj eqfä ukjk;.k ikBd dh ^fi;k ds xk¡o*] blds vykok 1986 esa 19 fQYesa cuha ftuesa jkuh Jh dh ^nwYgk xaxk ikj ds* fgV jgh] ftUgksua s Hkkstiqjh fQYe O;olk; dks [kwc vkxs c<+k;k tks lHkh fQYes fcgkj esa çnf'kZr dh xbZ FkhA

mtkZapy Vkbxj @ tqykbZ 2018

i`"B la[;k & 29


LiksV~lZ f[kykM+h ds lkFk&lkFk lekt lsod Hkh jgs] ut+hj gqlSu dk vius iSr`d xkao mfl;k ,oae ^delkjksckj* {ks= ls fnyh yxko 'kq: ls jgk] blfy, oks viuh dbZ lkjh fQYeksa dh 'kwfVax Hkh vius {ks=h; bykdks esa fd, vkSj ijns ij yk,A lkFk gh lu- 1962 bZå esa viuh igyh fQ+Ye ^xaxk eksjs I;jh p<kbZcks* dh çeks'ku ds fy, y[kuÅ ds gt+jrxat fLFkr ^diwj* gksVy igqaps vkSj ogka ls vius fojknjh ds yksxksa ls feyus ds fy, y[kuÅ ds ukdk pkSjkgk fLrFk ealwj eaft+y¼yky dksBh½ igqaps vkSj ogka yksxksa ls eqykdkr dh] ftldk p'enhn xokg xksM+ljk xkao ds gkth ,tkt [kku gSA mUgksua s ^xaxk eksjs I;jh p<kbZcks* fQ+Ye] vius bykdkbZ ;kuh ^delkjksckj* fojknjh esa 'kknh dh xanh jhfr&fjoktksa dks ns[krs gq,] ml ij vèkkjhr ;s fQ+Ye& bLykg ij [kjs mrjus vkSj fookg ds lkekftd cqjkb;ksa ij jksd yxkus ds fy,] xanh jhrh&jhoktksa ls vkgr gksdj yksxksa dks rekpk ekjus dk dke fd;kA vrr% 65 o"kZ dh mez esa 25 tuojh 1984 bZå dks mudh e`R;q eqacbZ ds eykM+ osLV ukMh;kM+ d‚yksuh esa gkVZ vVSd gksus vkus ls gks tkrh gSA mudh ehêh d‚yksuh ds ikl efLtn okyh dfczLrku esa nQ+u dj fn;k tkrk gSA vkt oks gekjs chp bl nqfu;k esa ugh gS fQj Hkh mudh vusdks csgrjhu fQ+Yeh fdjnkj yksxksa ds fnyksa tsgu esa ft+Unk gSA mudh Hkkstiqjh esa fQ+Yeksa esa ft+na xh ds vkf[kj iM+ko esa fQYek;k x;k ^:l xbZ y lbZ;k¡ gekj* vkSj ^Vhdqyh;k peds vkèkh jkr* esa vkf[kjh vfHku; Fkk tks ijns ij budh e`R;q ds ckn jhyht gqbZ FkhA ogha fgUnh fQYeksa esa vej] vdcj] ,aFkuh esa budk vkf[k+j jksy fQ+YeLVkj vferkHk cPpu

mtkZapy Vkbxj @ tqykbZ 2018

ds lkFk 'iknjh' dk jksy jgkA bLykehd fQYeksa esa ns[kk tk, rks ^esjk [k+~oktk xjhc uokt+* esa budk cgksr vPNk jksy jgkA ut+hj gqlSu dh 'kknh ekStk dqjkZ¼nf{k.k eksgYyk½ ds jgus okys Q+t+y djhe [kka dh yM+dh fgQkt+r csxe+ ls gqbZ FkhA ut+hj gqluS lkgc dks bf.M;u jsyos }kjk Lora=rk lsukuh gksus ij eq¶+r jsyos ikl fn;k x;k Fkk lkFk gh u‚FkZu jsyos dk pkS;jeSu cukus dh igy bf.M;u jsyos xoeZUs V }kjk ysVj Hkst dh xbZ Fkh ysfdu ut+hj lkgc us fQ+Ye baMLVªh esa C;Lrrk ds dkj.k ljdkj dh bl csgrjhu igy dks Bqdjk fn;k Fkk] ftldk p'enhn xokg mfl;k xkao ds M‚DVj bcjkj [kku gSA fQygky mudh ;kn esa muds iSrd ` xkao mfl;k esa mÙkj çns'k i;ZVu foHkkx ds rjQ ls uheÊr dh xbZ Lora=rk lsukuh ^ut+hj gqluS fLefrZ }kj* vkSj ,d laLFkk ^ut+hj gqluS QkmaMs'ku* ds uke ls lu2018 esa dkaxzslh usrk 'ke'kkn [kka }kjk dh xbZ gSA ut+hj lkgc dk yM+dk eqerkt+ vyh vkSj muds iksrs vkflQ vyh tks dqN fQYeksa esa vfHku; fd,] ysfdu dke;kch ugha feyhA vkt mudk iwjk ijhokj eqca bZ vkSj mfl;k esa vkckn gSA blds vykok ut+hj gqlSu ds lxs ijiksrs vkjhQ [kku o ijost+ [kku ^cznjl* vkSj lkSyr [kku }kjk bykdkbZ {ks= mfl;k esa f'k{kk ds fy, ^dq,YVh ,Mqds'ku lsUVj* uked ,d csgrjhu bafXy'k ehMh;e Ldwy 15 ekpZ 2016 bZå dks LFkkfir fd;k x;k gSA vr: eSa Hkkjr ljdkj ls fouze fuosnu ds lkFk vkxzg d:¡xk fd ,sls egku foHkwrh 'kf[k+~l;r ds uke ij Hkkstiqjh flusek txr esa ^ut+hj gqluS Q+kYds vo‚MZ* nsus dh 'kq#okr fd;k tkuk pkfg,A

i`"B la[;k & 30


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