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TABLE OF CONTENTS
14 COVER STORY
Psychedelic 60s | Salt Lake City was changing. What was once a provincial capitalâ€”with its own, isolated status quoâ€”was now a hotbed of ideas from the outside, ushering in a new and open awareness. This awareness was channeled through art, music, political activism, and massive experimentation.
HOME | LIFESTYLE Harvest Recipes | At a loss for what to do with your garden bounty? HEALTH | FITNESS 8 | Listen Up | After years of rock concerts and blasting hits on their record players and Walkmans, boomers may find their hearing has taken a hit. 10 | Learning to Live With a Chronic Illness | Many patients shuffle from doctor to doctor in search of relief from the many symptoms of their chronic illnesses.
20 DOLLARS | SENSE
Protect Your Pension | As companies rush to shore up pension or cancel underfunded plans you need to protect yourself from common pension mistakes.
22 ARTS | ENTERTAINMENT
The Mystery of the Ancients | Mesa Verde, Chaco Canyon, Canyon De Chelly and Navajo National Monument are the four major Anasazi sites located along the four corners region of the southwest United States.
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Publisher.....................Utah Boomers Magazine, LLC Managing Editor..........................................Teresa Glenn Contributing Writers...............................Eryn Gorang Randy Tanner, MPA John Costa
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Hello Fellow Boomers! First of all, I want to thank you all for the kind words following my quasi nervous breakdown last month. I hope this issue (which, by the way, is our one year anniversary edition) will make up for the lack of an August issue. Dr. John Costa, professor of music at the University of Utah has written an article for us that describes the late sixties in Salt Lake City. He started off writing a brief piece on the history of rock and roll, and then discovered what a robust history Salt Lake has in the Psychedelic movement and the impact those pioneers had on the local music scene. We have an opportunity to relive the concerts we attended at the Terrace Ballroom, the Dirt Palace, and Lagoon. Whether you were a part of this historical movement or an observer, you will find this article fascinating. And speaking of history, we have an article on the ancient people—the Anasazis. I must confess my obsession with the four corners region of the southwest and the people that populated the area over 1000 years ago. While not having a drop of native blood, these ruins and the people who lived there tug at my heart strings.
Utah Boomers Magazine is published monthly for the baby boomer population of Utah. The information contained in this publication my be contributed by independent writers and does not necessarily reflect the views of Utah Boomers Magazine management. Copying or electronic distribution of any content within this publication is strictly prohibited without the written permission of Utah Boomers Magazine and the author. For reprint permission, editorial or submissions or comments, email teresa. firstname.lastname@example.org. Questions and suggestions: email@example.com
And finally, I want to encourage everyone to make donations to the Food Bank this month. This is the time when their stocks are most depleted from the generous contributions made during the holidays when we feel the most charitable. A Facebook page entitled “Rose Park Gathering” is hosting a food drive this month. Perhaps you can encourage your Facebook friends to do something similar. Until next month, Teresa
PS If you attend the Senior Expo…and I hope you do, please stop by booth 627 to say hello. We’d love to meet you.
Harvest Recipes Tomatoes • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • In the spring, we all planted tiny little plants of tomatoes, peppers, zucchini, squash and more. Now, we have huge vegetable bearing plants and don’t quite know what to do with all the bounty. Rather than leaving it on your neighbors porch when they aren’t looking, try some of these yummy recipes.
Harvest Tomato Soup Ingredients 4 cups chopped fresh tomatoes 1 slice onion 4 whole cloves 2 cups chicken broth 2 tablespoons butter 2 tablespoons all-purpose flour 1 teaspoon salt 2 teaspoons white sugar, or to taste Directions In a stockpot, over medium heat, combine the tomatoes, onion, cloves and chicken broth. Bring to a boil, and gently boil for about 20 minutes to blend all of the flavors. Remove from heat and run the mixture through a food processor. Pour into a large bowl, or pan. Discard any remnants left over in the processor.
Ingredients 1/4 cup cilantro 1/2 medium onion 1 tesaspoon fresh lemon juice 6 ripe roma tomatoes 2 jalapeño peppers 1 teaspoon salt Directions Place all ingredients in a blender in order listed. Blend on medium for 3 to 5 seconds. Do not over mix. Serve with tortilla chips.
In the now empty stockpot, melt the butter over medium heat. Stir in the flour to make a roux, cooking until the roux is a medium brown. Gradually whisk in a bit of the tomato mixture, so that no lumps form, then stir in the rest. Season with sugar and salt, and adjust to taste.
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• Fresh Tomato Tart
Ingredients 1 unbaked piecrust 4 roma or small regular tomatoes 4 cloves garlic 1/2 cup mayonnaise or salad dressing
1-1/2 cups shredded mozzarella cheese 3/4 cup loosely packed fresh basil leaves 1/4 cup grated Parmesan cheese 1/8 teaspoon ground white pepper
Directions Line a 9-inch tart pan with pie crust. Don’t prick. Partially bake in a 450 degrees oven for 5 to 7 minutes or until crust is slightly dry. Remove from oven. Sprinkle with 1/2 cup of the mozzarella cheese. Cool in pan on a wire rack. Reduce oven temperature to 375 degrees. Meanwhile, cut the tomatoes into wedges; pat dry on paper towels. Arrange the tomato wedges over the melted cheese in a baked crust. In a food processor, combine basil and garlic; cover and process with on-off turns until coarsely chopped. In a medium mixing bowl, combine the basil-garlic mixture, the remaining shredded mozzarella cheese, the mayonnaise, grated Parmesan cheese, and pepper. Spread the mixture evenly over tomato wedges. Bake in a 375 degrees oven for about 25 minutes or until cheese is golden. Let stand 5 minutes before cutting into wedges. Serve warm.
Squash and Zucchini • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Squash and Zucchini Cakes Ingredients 1 cup grated zucchini 1 cup yellow squash 1 cup toasted bread crumbs 1/2 cup shredded Parmesan cheese 1/2 cup shredded mozzarella cheese 1/2 cup minced onion 1 large egg, lightly beaten 1 1/2 teaspoons dried Italian seasoning 1/2 teaspoon salt 1/4 teaspoon ground black pepper 3 tablespoons vegetable oil Directions Grate zucchini and squash with a fine grater. Press between paper towels to remove excess moisture. In a medium bowl, combine grated zucchini and squash and next 8 ingredients. Shape mixture into 2-inch patties, pressing together firmly. Heat oil in a skillet over medium heat. Cook squash and zucchini cakes 3 to 4 minutes per side or until lightly browned. Serve with marinara sauce or sour cream
Butternut Squash Soup Ingredients 1 (2 to 3 pound) butternut squash, peeled and seeded 2 tablespoons unsalted butter 1 medium onion, chopped 6 cups chicken stock Nutmeg Salt and freshly ground black pepper
Stuffed Zucchini Ingredients 4 medium zucchini 1 pound ground beef 1 pound Italian sausage 1 small onion, chopped 1/2 cup dried bread crumbs 1 egg, beaten 1 (28 ounce) can crushed tomatoes 1 (10.75 ounce) can condensed tomato soup 1 cup water Directions Preheat oven to 350 degrees. Grease or spray a 13x9 inch baking dish. Cut the zucchini in half lengthwise. With a spoon, scoop out the seeds. Chop and reserve about 3/4 of the seeds for the stuffing. In a medium bowl, mix together the ground beef, sausage, chopped onion, bread crumbs, egg and the reserved zucchini seeds. Place the meat mixture equally into all of the zucchini halves; mixture should be piled up over the top. Place the filled zucchini halves into the prepared baking dish. In a bowl, stir together the crushed tomatoes, tomato soup, and water. Spoon the tomato mixture over the filled zucchini, liberally. Bake for approximately 45 minutes.
Ingredients 1 9 inch double crust pie 1 egg, beaten 5 cups sliced peeled peaches 2 tablespoons lemon juice 1/2 cup all-purpose flour 1 cup white sugar 1/2 teaspoon ground cinnamon 1/4 teaspoon ground nutmeg 1/4 teaspoon salt 2 tablespoons butter Directions Preheat the oven to 450 degrees Line the bottom and sides of a 9 inch pie plate with one of the pie crusts. Brush with some of the beaten egg. Place the sliced peaches in a large bowl, and sprinkle with lemon juice. Mix gently. In a separate bowl, mix together the flour, sugar, cinnamon, nutmeg and salt. Pour over the peaches, and mix gently. Pour into the pie crust, and dot with butter. Cover with the other pie crust, and fold the edges under. Flute the edges to seal or press the edges with the tines of a fork dipped in egg. Brush the remaining egg over the top crust. Cut several slits in the top crust to vent steam. Bake for 10 minutes in the preheated oven, then reduce the heat to 350 degrees and bake for an additional 30 to 35 minutes. Cool before serving.
Directions Cut squash into 1-inch chunks. In large pot melt butter. Add onion and cook until translucent, about 8 minutes. Add squash and stock. Bring to a simmer and cook until squash is tender, about 15 to 20 minutes. Remove squash chunks with slotted spoon and place in a blender and puree. Return blended squash to pot. Stir and season with nutmeg, salt, and pepper. Serve.
Whether a Jimi Hendrix fan, a Beatles wannabe, or an avid listener of Pink Floyd, all can agree that rock n’ roll music is woven into the core of the boomer generation. But can this love of rock n’ roll lead to other issues? After years of rock concerts and blasting hits on their record players and Walkmans, boomers may find their hearing has taken a hit. Hearing impairments for those aged 50 and older have increased more than 150% since 1965 and this number is expected to rise as the baby boomers age. So if you find yourself asking your friend to repeat themselves for the seventh time and not even the most impressive surround sound system can do the trick, it may be time for you to take action and improve your hearing.
What is Hearing Loss?
Hearing loss occurs when a person’s ability to detect certain sound frequencies is completely or partially impaired. This results when the delicate hair cells in the inner ear that translate sound waves into nerve impulses are damaged. While there are a variety of conditions associated with hearing loss, the most common is presbycusis, a gradual, age-related reduction in the ability to hear high-pitched sounds. Hearing loss may also result from sudden and loud sounds, though hearing impairments usually occur because of a cumulative effect from acoustic trauma over several years of listening to sounds at high decibels.
Before you start demolishing your old vinyls and cursing the name of rock n’ roll, it is important to understand that though music may be a contributing factor, it is not the only cause of hearing loss. According to Kevin Wilson M.D., a University of Utah ear, nose, and throat physician, “Rock n’ roll music itself does not directly lead to hearing loss. However, the noise level and the length one spends listening to music can be to blame.” So while one person may be able to listen to music on a low volume for several hours before affecting their hearing, another person blasting music at 100% volume may experience hearing damage after a short period of time. As Wilson explains, “The general rule to prevent hearing loss due to music is ‘not so loud for not so long.’” While loud music may contribute to hearing loss, the main culprit of hearing loss is simply aging. Though cases of hearing loss among youth exist, the majority of cases are among middle aged to older adults. In fact, The National Institutes of Health estimates that more than 10 million Americans report having hearing loss and 72% of those who experience hearing loss are above 45 years of age. Along with music and aging, some other factors that can contribute to hearing impairments are: • Ear infections • Genetic history for hearing loss
he Signs of Hearing Loss • Medical conditions such as Meniere’s Disease or brain tumors • Certain medications, most notably chemotherapy drugs, aspirin, and antibiotics Living or working in loud environments-those who have military experience, have been around artillery fire, worked in loud factories, or have been exposed to other loud sounds on a regular basis may be especially prone to hearing loss Concerned that you may have hearing loss? The following symptoms may help determine if you are at risk: • Speech and other sounds are muffled • Difficulty understanding words, especially against background noise (such as in restaurants) or while with a large group of people • Frequently asking others to speak slowly, clearly and loudly • Needing to turn up the volume of the television or radio • Withdrawal from conversations • Avoidance of some social settings • Ringing in the ears (also known as tinnitus) • Difficultly hearing high frequency sounds, children’s voices, or consonants such as “s” and “f.” If you struggle with any or all of the above symptoms, it may be time to exchange your headphones for hearing aids. The first step to improve hearing is to visit your doctor to take a hearing test, also known as an audiogram. This test
focuses on each ear individually, presenting low to high tones to determine your range of hearing or “hearing threshold.” This range is then compared to the levels an average person is able to hear to establish the degree of hearing loss in each ear. Speech recognition tests can also be administered for those who don’t struggle with hearing sounds, but rather with understanding spoken words. Such tests can determine the accuracy of a patient’s hearing by testing their ability to understand and repeat back the words spoken to them. Once your level of hearing loss has been established, your doctor can help determine the best treatment for your circumstance. The main and most common treatment for hearing loss is a hearing aid. However, a hearing aid may not be a solution for all. Certain surgeries or hearing prosthesis may be helpful for specific cases. The final option is a cochlear implant, in which an electrode is placed directly into the inner ear (cochlea). Yet, the best option is prevention. “Once you lose hearing, there is no going back,” says Wilson, “but you can avoid further trauma by listening to quieter music, avoiding close contact with loud noises, and wearing ear plugs in very noisy environments.” Eryn Gorang and you can say she is a staff writer for U of U Health Care. For more information on the University of Utah Hearing Cinic go to http://healthcare.utah.edu/miners_ hospital/hearingclinic.html
Learning to Live Well with a Chronic Condition Randy Tanner, Utah Arthritis Program, Utah Dept of Health
“When I accepted the fact that I had a chronic condition that I needed to manage, I can’t begin to tell you how much freedom I felt. This class was a life-changing event.” -Program Participant
Seven out of 10 people in the U.S. die from a chronic disease such as cancer, heart disease, diabetes, and stroke. About 133 million Americans—nearly one in two adults— live with at least one chronic disease, and more than one in ten have three or more.1
Who should enroll in this Program?
However, the U.S. health care system is primarily designed to treat patients with acute medical problems. “At no point in medical school are physicians exposed to patients with chronic illness, except for acute episodes leading to hospitalization,” says Michael Lockshin, M.D., a Harvard Medical School graduate and head of the women and rheumatic disease center at New York City’s Hospital for Special Surgery. The result: Many patients shuffle from doctor to doctor in search of relief from the many symptoms of their chronic illnesses. Furthermore, for many, there is no support system in place to help them cope with their conditions.
What is the Chronic Disease Self-Management Program (CDSMP)? The CDSMP is a program led by two trained leaders, who are non-health professionals who have a chronic condition themselves. Course participants provide peer support and help each other learn ways to manage their condition. In Utah, the name used for the CDSMP is Living Well with Chronic Conditions. This program was developed by the Stanford Patient Education Research Center, and is supported by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, and the Centers for Disease Control and
People with a variety of chronic health problems such as arthritis, asthma, cancer, diabetes, heart disease, hypertension, lung disease, and stroke, are encouraged to attend this program. Family members, friends, and caregivers are also encouraged to participate. They, too, can benefit from learning the problem solving skills taught during the course.
What is the goal of the course? The overall goal of the course is to provide participants with the skills, and self-worth they need to build selfconfidence and to assume a major role in maintaining their health and managing their chronic health conditions. Participants are taught to: • Deal with problems that can complicate managing a disease such as frustration, fatigue, pain, and isolation, • Engage in physical activity in a way that will help them maintain, and improve their strength, flexibility, and endurance, • Use medications, • Communicate effectively with family, friends, and health professionals, • Control their condition with healthy nutrition, and • Make informed treatment decisions.
How do the classes work? Classes last for two hours, and are held once a week, for
six weeks in community settings such as churches, clinics, hospitals, libraries, and senior centers. Each class participant receives a copy of the book, Living a Healthy Life with Chronic Conditions, 4th Edition, and an audio relaxation tape, Time for Healing.
What are the benefits? People who complete the CDSMP report improvements in their overall well being. In particular, the course has been shown to help class members: • Increase healthy behaviors • Make positive changes in their health status • Increase their self-worth • Improve their communications with health providers • Decrease their visits to physicians and emergency rooms • Develop better coping strategies and symptom management • Increase their energy • Decrease their disability
Does the Living Well with Chronic Conditions Program replace existing programs and treatments? The Living Well with Chronic Conditions program does not conflict with existing programs or medical treatments. It is designed to complement regular medical treatments and other disease-specific education programs. In addition, the skills that can help a person manage one condition often apply to managing other conditions as well.
Is there a cost? Generally the courses are free, but check with the group leader before attending.
How can I get more information about the Living Well with Chronic Conditions Course? If you or someone you care for would like more information about Living Well with Chronic Conditions, please call, or email Rebecca Castleton at 801-538-9340, or firstname.lastname@example.org. For information about upcoming classes and class sites, please visit the Utah Arthritis Program website at http://health.utah.gov/arthritis. Randy Tanner, MPA is the epidemiologist for the Utah Arthritis Program. His primary responsibility is to oversee the arthritis surveillance system and evaluate program outcomes. He is also responsible for analyzing data to determine the prevalence of arthritis in Utah. In addition, he examines the medical costs associated with arthritis, and the quality of life for Utahans with arthritis Reference Fischer, M. A. (2010, January/February). Taking Charge of Your Health. In AARP. Retrieved March, 2010, fromhttp://www.aarpmagazine.org/health/take_charge_health.html
TAKE CONTROL OF YOUR ARTHRITIS!
Do you have arthritis? Chances are that you or someone you know does. In fact, one in five people have been told by their doctors that they have arthritis. The Arthritis Foundation can help! Here’s what we have available: Land-based and water-based exercise classes Community outreach educational programs Fun activities for you and your family members … Arthritis Walk, Jingle Bell Run, and more Easily accessible information to help you educate yourself … pamphlets, books, DVDs, and tons of information online at www.arthritis.org For more information, call us at 801-536-0990, 800-444-4993 or email email@example.com Learn more about the things you can do to reduce pain and keep moving. Take control of your arthritis!
...Salt Lake City was changing. What was once a provincial capital—with its own, isolated status quo—was now a hotbed of ideas from the outside, ushering in a new and open awareness. This awareness was channeled through art, music, political activism, and massive experimentation.
John Costa with contributions by Steve “Doc” Floor
t was Salt Lake City in the late 1960’s. A time when, at least on the surface, the face of conservatism loomed large. Joseph Bracken Lee was the mayor then—a fiercely conservative, anti-tax, and according to some, John Birch Society type of guy who never thought twice about slashing budgets. It was also a time when Utah liquor laws were becoming more restrictive. In 1968 a “drink-bythe-glass” ballot initiative was soundly defeated and a year later, the “private club” law went into effect. L.H. Curtis, Vice President and General Manager of KSL TV, broadcasted editorials staunchly supporting the Vietnam War. But in the midst of this circumstance, Salt Lake City was changing. What was once a provincial capital—with its own isolated status quo—was now a hotbed of ideas from the outside, ushering in a new and open awareness. This awareness was channeled through art, music, political activism, and massive experimentation. With initiative and self-sufficiency, Salt Lake City’s psychedelic community was busy developing its own culture—enlightening to some, notorious to others. Regardless of how you see it, they were the ultimate D.I.Y. culture rearing their collective heads in various locations throughout the city. One location was the intersection of 900 South and 900 East (a.k.a. 9th and 9th). In May of 1965, Dennis Phillips bought an empty store (formerly United Grocery), relocating his sandal and sign shops and opening an art gallery. Phillips Art Gallery was located on 900 East just north of the 9th and 9th intersection adjacent to a laundromat located on the northwest corner. The gallery was opened in order to display the artwork of an eclectic array of young artists who were mostly friends from the University of Utah. In Phillips words, “9th and 9th was a hub of activity”. The Tower Theatre, specializing in showing foreign films, was an integral part of that activity. Located across from the Tower Theatre was The Cosmic Aeroplane—the City’s first psychedelic shop (a.k.a. head shop) opened on June 9, 1967 by Steve Jones and Sherm Clow (a.k.a. Reverend Willis). They had picked this location for three reasons: 1) it was across from the Tower Theatre, 2) the rent was cheap, and 3) it was in easy proximity to the University of Utah. The small storefront sold items such as concert tickets, drug paraphernalia, and black-light posters. Located between the laundromat and a barbershop, it was just around the corner from the Phillips gallery.
The Connection, a head shop founded by Jack Bills and Larry Ficks, was located on the northeast corner. It attracted attention when it was raided by the police—and eventually shut down—for allegedly selling pornography in the form of Zap Comics (created by the legendary San Francisco illustrator, Robert Crumb). Other 9th and 9th retailers included The Black and White Bookstore, specializing in books dealing with Marxism and anarchy, and Nature’s Way, one of Salt Lake City’s earliest health food stores. Although the 9th and 9th intersection was a main artistic/activity center, other psychedelic outfits were opening up throughout the city. The Kamaran Clothing Company, owned and operated Marko Johnson, was located on 720 East 100 South. Johnson traveled regularly to Haight-Ashbury in San Francisco to purchase merchandize for his store, including paraphernalia, clothing and music. In his view, the difference between the two psychedelic scenes, was that unlike Haight-Ashbury, Salt Lake had no business center. The result was a widely spread network of retailers, like The White Rabbit—located on the corner of 4th Avenue and F Street, owned by David and Molly Ronnegan, the Tape Head Company (THC) operated by Stan Schubach on 700 South and State Street, and The Grassroots, a store which housed “The Psychedelic Poster Room”, located inside an old bank vault, on 100 South between State and Main Streets. If 9th and 9th was the main artistic/activity center—it could be said that the Avenues, especially Alameda Street, was main cultural lifestyle center. The Avenues were where most of the psychedelic community lived because the houses were old, the rent was cheap, and people could easily drop in on one another. According to Clow, however, it was the University where most gravitated. In his view, the universities were the hotbed of change and the University of Utah was no exception. For him, being close to the University campus was key. The main hangout was Reservoir Park, located at University Street, and South Temple—just around the corner from the University and within easy walking distance of the Avenues. This proximity became the openness of what Sherm Clow called, “an explosion of ideas” that ran counter to the mainstream establishment. Part of the big picture was experimentation with drug use, sex (ie, “free love”), liberal political activism, and new concepts of art and music. Hence SEPTEMBER |
a new open awareness. The culture also ran concurrent with anti-Vietnam war movement, which offered everyone an opportunity to become socially and politically active. Of the activist figures, none was more colorful than Charles Edward “Charlie Brown” Artman, the man who many considered to be Utah’s First Hippie. In bare feet donned in a flowing cape, he sat at Reservoir Park playing his autoharp. Along with Robert Macri, he hung out at the “Alameda Street Church” (located just around the corner). Led by Gordon Bailey, the “Church” was a euphemism for a party/crash-pad hangout located in an old, white clapboard house. Artman led some of the earliest Utah Drug Foundation meetings there and in 1967, opened the City’s first large commune on M Street located in the Avenues region. He drove his own yellow psychedelic bus dubbed “The Yellow Submarine” with the words, Temple of The Rainbow Path, inscribed on the side, with a bundled-up teepee attached to the top—he lived in both.
Music An additional form of community activism, and arguably one with the most exposure, was the vibrant music scene. There were local bands forming, local promoters scheduling events, light show and poster artists honing their crafts, and venues opening their doors. The Abyssie on 200 South between Main Street and West Temple was one of the smaller ones—a dimly lit basement that had black walls and pipes along the ceiling. A regular attraction there was the Smoke Blues Band—a group of guys who hung out at the Cosmic Aeroplane. In fact, when the “Cosmic” moved its location to 369 West South Temple (where the Energy Solutions Arena is currently located), they rehearsed regularly in the back room. They played at other places such as the Rotary Glen, Union Ballroom, and the Old Mill. Other local groups who played in small and larger venues (the latter as warm-up acts) included Wood, Rocks & Gravel, The Bossmen, Wishful Thinking, War Of Armageddon, and Holden Caulfield.
Daynes—a regular at The Terrace—a slew of well-known bands performed there: Pink Floyd, Spirit, Taj Mahal, The Grateful Dead, The Jefferson Airplane, Big Brother & The Holding Company with Janis Joplin, and Moby Grape among others. Ken Sanders—owner of Ken Sanders Rare Books— remembered Big Brother & The Holding Company’s Salt Lake City debut in 1967. After several opening numbers, he saw this hippie chick walking onto the stage clutching a bottle of Southern Comfort. When she started wailing into the microphone, everyone took notice and became immediately transfixed. She was Janis Joplin and at this time, she was a relatively unknown side person. But, by the time their tour reached the east coast, she was front and center, the main star of the group. The Terrace Ballroom’s setup had a wide, winding ramp in the main foyer that led to the side and on the right, was the ballroom entrance. The ballroom itself was cavernous with a huge dance floor with tables and chairs stationed around the periphery. It was estimated that it held about 4000 people. Because there were no chairs on the dance floor, the audience danced or gyrated (the latter due to a denser crowd). The concept of the dance concert with no seating on the main floor was the rule rather than the exception for psychedelic era concerts. Many bands made their SLC debuts there including Led Zeppelin, as a warm-up act for the Vanilla Fudge on July 30, 1969.
The Terrace Ballroom At larger venues, bands that were famous or on the verge of becoming famous always stopped by. The reason? Location. Salt Lake City rested on the crossroads of I-80 and I-15, which served as an easy, convenient stop for anyone touring out of Los Angeles or San Francisco. There were several significant venues. One was the Terrace Ballroom formerly located at 464 S. Main Street (where a one block parking lot now stands). According to Rod
The Terrace Ballroom
Photo: Utah Historical Society
this day, his hearing is still somewhat compromised. He also stated that Buffalo Springfield performed one of their last concerts there. He witnessed Neil Young and the other band members arguing with one another on stage. The Union Ballroom was another place coming to fruition. Although it would really hit its stride in the 1970’s, an inaugural ball produced by the SDS (Students for a Democratic Society) featured The Grateful Dead and Spirit of Creation on April 12, 1969. A local outfit called “Five Fingers On My Hand”—headed by Mike Foster—provided the light show and the poster art was created by Richard Taylor, one of several important local artists. In fact, when it came to putting on shows, collaboration and interaction were the rule—an extension of the community feel. Several local promoters who booked these shows also had their own lighting and poster artists. Tape Head Company (THC) was one such firm. It was headed by Stan Schubach whose own lighting outfit was Aurora Borealis—his main poster artist was Rob Brown. There were three others who were more at the center of it all—Kenvin Lyman, Mikel Covey, and Richard Taylor. Lyman and Covey founded Numenor, a company that promoted concerts mainly at The Coliseum and soon after, created another [promotion] firm called The Factory Company.
Ticket Stubs from the Terrace Ballroom Courtesy of Charley Hafen Jewelers
Along with Harvey Wamke, they started their own lighting outfit called Flash & Edison with an offshoot of Frank and Stein (Mikel Covey and his then-wife, Toni). Lyman’s second lighting company was Rainbow Jam in collaboration with Richard Taylor. Both he and Lyman also made concert poster art (complete with their signature rainbow bordering). Neil Passey, the most prominent poster artist from this period, is credited with having the largest creative output—more than all of the other artists combined. He
The Dirt Palace The same held true for The Coliseum (a.k.a. The Dirt Palace) where boxing and wrestling matches were once held. In the words of Marko Johnson, it was “funky” and Ken Sanders felt that it had “soul”. Built in the late 1800’s, it had a mini arena-like setup with a main floor surrounded by stadium-styled seating of approximately 18 rows. The entrance was off to the side although from the exterior, it looked like a front entrance. Bands that performed there included Canned Heat, H.P. Lovecraft, and Blue Cheer. According to Sherm Clow, Blue Cheer was so loud that to
The Coliseum (aka The Dirt Palace)
Photo: Utah Historical Society
Poster Art Above left: Vanilla Fudge with Led Zeppelin at the Terrace Ballroom. Poster Artist: Mikel Covey Courtesy of Charley Hafen Jewelers Above Right: Grateful Dead with the Spirit of Creation at the Union Ballroom Poster Artist: Richard Taylor Courtesy of Charley Hafen Jewelers Bottom left: A Beautiful Dany, Santana at the Terrace Ballroom Poster Artist: Richard Taylor Courtesy of Charley Hafen Jewelers
also did poster art for many of the local hip retailers such as Chester’s and The General Store. Other concert promoting companies included Lyme Company, White Rabbit, and Jim McNeil’s United Concerts.
Lagoon If the Terrace was a cavernous ballroom and the Coliseum was a mini-arena, the Patio Gardens was more of a dance hall pavilion. It was located at Lagoon in Farmington, Utah about 20 miles north of Salt Lake City. Similar to the previously mentioned venues, the Patio Gardens had no floor seating (because of the dance floor) but unlike the others, it had open-air sides with a large roof overhead — it is still standing today (now the Game Time Arcade) located just to left of the main park entrance. Unlike the venues in Salt Lake City, The Patio Gardens used newspaper and radio ads as opposed to poster art because they had their own, inhouse booking agents. They began presenting concerts in 1948 and continued until the early 1990’s with pop artists such as Pat Boone, jazz singers like Sarah Vaughn and country artists like Buck Owens. But starting in 1966, the Patio Gardens entered the rock and roll concert arena with The Rolling Stones and a year later, psychedelic bands were playing to dance concerts. The Doors first played there in 1967 but their next show on May 25th, 1968 became an infamous turning point. According to a review written by Bryan Gray of The Deseret News (dated May 27th, 1968), “The Doors opened up the ‘doors of obscenity’ and indulged in indecent motions which prompted a hand full of the audience to leave…” and … “They also tossed out a needless array of vulgar insults at Salt Lakers”. In most respects, this concert marked the beginning of the end of the Patio Gardens as a rock concert venue but not before a concert by Janis Joplin with Big Brother & The Holding Company in the following July and on
August 30th, The Jimi Hendrix Experience. But once 1968 came to a close, Lagoon’s tenure as a rock concert venue came to a close as well. Its demise [of rock concerts] was not the only turning point in the local concert scene, another, was the advent of “arena rock” at the newly built Salt Palace. It began on August 22nd, 1969 with Eric Clapton’s band, Blind Faith as the headliners. From then on, major rock acts would perform in that large, cavernous space. Smaller venues like The Terrace, The Coliseum, and The Union Ballroom would continue holding concerts throughout the 1970’s (and beyond), but they would never again stage the big acts like they did in the late 1960’s. And, as the 60’s turned into the 70’s, the community would continue, but the hippie culture, as we knew it then, would eventually go out of fashion. And although the psychedelic culture had slowly fizzled out, its enduring legacy would definitely be set in stone. Ken Sanders once noted that for the first time—in an open manner—the local psychedelic community had successfully blended music, politics, and art into one, unique entity and, as a result, initiated an artistic tradition that continues to this day. The result: an open, artistic community that would morph and change with the times—from the vibrant local punk tradition to present performance poets like Alex Caldeiro, to the local “industrial” music scene—Salt Lake’s “diverse, politically vibrant climate” will always be in the open and that, most of all, was the psychedelic community’s greatest legacy that continues today and will most likely flourish for generations to come. John Costa is an Associate Professor/Lecturer at The University of Utah. In 1999, he created a history of rock ‘n’ roll course, which he still continues to teach today. He has written his own text, A History of Rock and Roll, which is now in its sixth edition published by Pearson Learning Solutions. He is also an award-winning composer and produces the National Composers Commissioning Program for the Utah Arts Festival and is currently a member of the Utah Arts Festival’s advisory board. He lives in Salt Lake City.
Steve “Doc” Floor was born and raised in Salt Lake City, is
Ticket Stub from The Doors Concert, Lagoon Patio Garden. Courtesy of Charley Hafen Jewelers
an active audiophile and the Performing Arts Coordinator for the Utah Arts Festival. He is the founding member of Zion Tribe, a Salt Lake based world-music band and is affiliated with the American Federation of Musicians, Local 104. In 2001, he produced a radio documentary project based on the life and music of John Coltrane. He is a member of the Utah Poster Project, an organization formed to preserve the memories and artifacts of the Salt Lake Sixties.
Protect Your Pension Rick Rodgers
he Pension Protection Act of 2006 (PPA) turns five years old this month. As companies rush to shore up pension or cancel underfunded plans you need to protect yourself from common pension mistakes. PPA was designed to close loopholes in the pension system and addresses problems for the roughly 34 million Americans covered by traditional pensions known as defined-benefit plans. PPA requires pensions be fully funded by 2015. It also prevents companies with big pension deficits to skip annual contributions and still pronounce their plans healthy. Another major goal of the bill was to shore up the health of the Pension Benefit Guarantee Corporation (PBGC). PBGC is an agency of the US government that insures private pension plans. 147 pension plans failed in 2010 which increased the PBGC deficit to $23 billion. The agency assumes terminated plans and pays benefits to retirees up to a maximum of $54,000 if they retire at age 65 or later. One problem not addressed by PPA but continues to affect millions of people of all ages, not just retirees are pension miscalculations. Anytime you change jobs or take a lumpsum pension cash-out, you are at risk. Women are especially vulnerable to pension mistakes because they tend to move in and out of the workforce more often than men. For the most part, pension mix-ups aren’t intentional. How would you know if there was an error which had been compounding for many years? How can you ensure that you’ll get what’s rightfully yours when retirement arrives? It’s up to you to keep track of your own pension. Know your rights and monitor your retirement plan before the “golden years” creep up on you. Educate yourself about how your plan works. Contact your company benefits officer and ask for a copy of the plan, not the summary plan description. In May, the US Supreme Court ruled that you can’t depend on your employer’s summary plan description. The summary is an abbreviated form of the plan. The Court held that if there are discrepancies, the plan is the controlling document. You need a copy of the plan to determine how your pension is calculated. The plan document can run 50 pages or more. More and more companies are freezing or terminating their pension plans. Only 38% of Fortune 1000 companies offered a pension plan in 2010. That number is down
from 59% in 2004. Of those companies with a plan, 35% of those were frozen and 2% were in the process of terminating the plan. You should immediately request a personal statement of benefits if this happens to your pension. The statement will tell you what your benefits are currently worth and how many years you’ve been in the plan. It may even include a projection of your monthly check. Most of the time companies won’t intentionally fudge; sometimes the blame can be on simple errors. Here are seven common pension mistakes to watch for: 1. Company forgot to include commission, overtime pay, or bonuses in determining your benefit level. 2. Your employer relied on incorrect Social Security information to calculate your benefits. 3. Somebody used the wrong benefit formula (i.e., an incorrect interest rate was plugged into the equation). 4. Calculations are wrong because you’ve worked past age 65. 5. You didn’t update your workplace personnel officer about important changes that would affect your benefits such as marriage, divorce, or death of a spouse. 6. The company neglected to include your total years of service. 7. Your pension provider made a mathematical error. How do you protect yourself ? Create a “pension file” to store all your documents from your employer. Also keep records of dates when you worked and your salary, since this type of data is used by your employer to calculate the value of your pension. Ask for professional help, if you still think something might be wrong. The American Academy of Actuaries Pension Assistance List program offers up to four hours of free help from a volunteer. The federal administration on Aging’s Pension Counseling and Information Program may also be helpful. Rick Rodgers, Certified Financial Planner, Chartered Retirement Planner Counselor, Certified Retirement Counselor, and member of the National Association of Personal Financial Advisers, is Founder and CEO of Rodgers & Associates. Rick’s expertise in the investment and financial advisory profession began with one of the big Wall Street firms in 1984. Twelve years later, he founded Rodgers & Associates as a way to concentrate on financial planning. His vision was to help families prepare for a worry-free retirement through the creation and conservation of their wealth. Rick provides integrated financial, tax, and investment strategies, retirement planning, executive compensation, estate and charitable planning. He is also author of the book The New Three-Legged Stool: A Tax Efficient Approach To Retirement Planning (www.TheNewThreeLeggedStool.com)
Mystery of the Ancients
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Little is known about the people who lived here. Pictographs on the canyon wall tells us that they were likely a peaceful population who were basket weavers, and later potters, and farmers. They planted crops and hunted on the mesa top, but it was the cliff dwellings that served as their homes, community centers and where they practiced religious ceremonies in the multitude of kivas located at each site.
ust outside of Cortez, Colorado looms a one thousand foot mountain, shrouded in early morning mist. As you drive the mountainâ€™s winding roads, you begin to feel a tingle of anticipation at witnessing the what lies on the mountainâ€™s plateau. Walking out onto the first viewing platform and looking down on the awesome site of Cliff Palace, you feel the overwhelming feeling of haunting mystery.
Nearly 2000 years ago, the Anasazis (Navajo for Ancient Ones) lived and prospered atop the plateaus around the four corner region of the southwestern United States. About 1000 years ago, they began building sophisticated dwellings precariously situated in mountain niches providing protection from the elements and warring factions. The inhabitants of these dwellings used foot and handholds chiseled out of the mountain face for egress and ingress.
Mesa Verde, Chaco Canyon, Canyon De Chelly and Navajo National Monument are the four major Anasazi sites located along the four corners region of the southwest United States that were home to thousands of people. Suddenly, and quite mysteriously, about 1300 AD, the sites were deserted. The entire civilization vanished, leaving their homes without taking even tools or food. Some sites record that bowls of uneaten food were found. Continued on page 26
Spruce Tree Ruin, Mesa Verde
Located outside of Cortez, Colorado, Mesa Verde is arguably the most famous and well preserved of all the Anasazi Sites, and is home to over 4,000 known archeological sites including cliff dwellings and the mesa top sites of pithouses, pueblos, masonry towers, and farming structures. The structures ranged in size from one-room storage units to villages of more than 150 rooms. While still farming the mesa tops, they continued to reside in the alcoves, repairing, remodeling, and constructing new rooms for nearly a century. http://www.nps.gov/meve/index.htm
Cliff Palace Ruin
Long House Ruin
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Photo: Christopher Marona, ARAMARK Parks and Destinations
Photo: ARAMARK Parks and Destinations
Photo: Christopher Marona
Chaco Canyon is located in northwestern New Mexico. From AD 850 to 1250, Chaco was a hub of ceremony, trade, and administration for the Four Corners area. When planning the community at Choco Canyon, the Chacoan people combined sophisticated elements including preplanned architectural designs, astronomical alignments, geometry, landscaping, and engineering to create an ancient urban center of spectacular public architecture. Pueblo Bonito (see photo below) is the largest of the Anasazi sites. With over 600 rooms, it served many roles. Those functions included ceremony, administration, trading, storage, hospitality, communications, astronomy, and burial of the honored dead. Only a small portion seems to have served as living quarters. http://www.nps.gov/chcu/index.htm
Photo: National Park Service
Photo: National Park Service
White House Overlook, Chaco Canyon
Canyon De Chelly
Canyon De Chelly (say De Shay) is located in Chinle, Arizona on Navajo Tribal Trust Land and is still home to a community of Navajos. The Anasazi lived much longer at Canyon de Chelly, where there are over 700 prehistoric sites, including Whitehouse Ruins, Antelope House, Mummy Cave Ruin, and others. The Anasazi built these cliff dwellings between 1100-1300 AD. When the Ansazi left, the Hopi and Navajo later occupied the site.
Photo: National Park Service
Navajo National Monument
Located near Kayenta, Arizona, Navajo National Monument has
two cliff dwellings dating to the thirteenth century. Referred to as Betatakin and Keet Seel, these dwellings were created beneath the Tgesi Canyonâ€™s overhang cliffs. Archaeologists believe that the people who lived in the stone and mortar pueblos probably only resided there for half a century, but they left their mark in the dramatic complexes that were filled with a myriad of artifacts at the time of their discovery in the early twentieth century. Betatakin, houses135 rooms, before the sheer drop of a sandstone wall. When found, the dwellings contained a vast array of basketry, pottery, and even well preserved corn ears and grains. Keet Seel has 160 rooms that rise to an elevation of 7,000 feet.
White House Ruin
Photo: Teresa Glenn
Photo: National Park Service Dan Boone/Ryan Belnap
Mummy House Ruin
Photo: Teresa Glenn
Photo: National Park Service
There are many theories as to why the people left so suddenly.
Drought/Starvation Tree rings from the time of the exodus shows there was a great drought in the four corners area, driving the people from there homes in search of better farming conditions. However, in an article published by the New York Times, Dr. Eric Blinman of the Office of Archeological Studies of the Museum of New Mexico in Santa Fe states, “There are just too many little discrepancies. Recent studies have shown, for example, that the evacuation actually began before the dry spell set in. Even more telling is evidence that the Anasazi had weathered many severe droughts in the past. Why did the one in the late 13th century cause an entire population to abandon the settlements they had worked so hard to build? There is also the matter that without exception, food stores were left behind. If drought and starvation were the issue, why then didn’t the people
Conflict According to the same New York Times article “The result may have been conflict and warfare.” Near Kayenta in northeastern Arizona, Dr. Jonathan Haas of the Field Museum in Chicago has been studying a group of Anasazi villages that relocated from the canyons to the high mesa tops around 1250 A.D. The only reason Dr. Haas can see for a move so far from water and arable land is defense against enemies. “If you don’t have enough food to
feed your children, you go raiding,” he said. “And once I raid you, then you have justification to raid back—the revenge motive. And so warfare becomes endemic in the 13th century.” Yet, there is no evidence that the victors inhabited the conquered habitats and enjoy the spoils of their victory.
Religious and Cultural Changes As time wore on, the world grew smaller. Eventually, the Anasazis were exposed to outside visitors. Some archaeologists see evidence of an evangelical-like religion perhaps of the masked Kachina rituals, which still survive on the Hopi and Zuni reservations — appearing in the south and attracting the rebellious northerners. It could be that along with their conversion, they followed those with whom converted them.
And Finally...The Alien Theory As with any ancient mystery—the Egyptians and the pyramids, the Myans and the Aztecs, and of course the Anasazis—there are those out there that feel the mysterious disappearance of the southwestern ancients can be attributed to alien abduction or, that they were themselves aliens and suddenly returned home.
Conclusion No matter what happened, they left behind a part of themselves—a mysterious something you cannot help but feel when you visit these ancient abodes.
According to one Hopi elder, this petroglyph, found on Mesa Verde’s Petroglyph Point Trail, may tell the story of two clans (the Mountain Sheep Clan and the Eagle Clan) separating from other people and returning to their place of origin. Photo: National Park Service
AARP of Utah 801.561.1037 Utah Dept of Aging and Adult Services (DAAS) Phone: 801.538.3991 www.hsdaas.utah.gov/ Utah State Courts Estate Planning & Probate www.utcourts.gov/howto/wills/ Phone: 801.578.3800 Social Security Administration 1.800.772.1213 www.ssa.gov SAGE Utah Services & Advocacy for GLBTQ Elders www.glccu.com/programs/lgbtqelders-50
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Most Senior Centers supply transportation and meals. They are open Monday through Friday, and the hours varies. Call your center for times. Davis County Autumn Glow Center 81 East Center Kaysville, UT 84037 Phone: 801.544.1235 Golden Years Center 726 South 100 East Bountiful, UT 84010 Phone: 801.295.3479 Heritage Center 140 East Center Clearfield, UT 84015 Phone: 801. 773.7065 Salt Lake County Columbus Senior Center 2531 South 400 East Salt Lake City, UT 84115 Phone: 801.412.3295
Magna Center 9228 West 2700 South Magna, UT 84044 Phone: 801.250.0692 Midvale Senior Center 350 West Park Street 7610 S Midvale, UT 84047 Phone: 801.566.6590 Mount Olympus Senior Center 1635 East Murray.Holliday Road Salt Lake City, UT 84117 Phone: 801.274.1710 Riverâ€™s Bend Senior Center 300 North 1300 West Salt Lake City, UT 84116 Phone: 801.596.0208 Riverton Senior Center 12891 South Redwood Road Riverton, UT 84065 Phone: 801.254.7609 Sandy Senior Center 9310 South 1300 East Sandy, UT 84094 Phone: 801.561.3265
Draper Senior Center 12350 South 800 East Draper, UT 84020 Phone: 801.572.6342
South Jordan Senior Center 10778 South Redwood Road South Jordan, UT 84095 Phone: 801.302.1222
Eddie P. Mayne Kearns Senior Center 4851 West 4715 South Salt Lake City, UT 84118 Phone: 801.965.9183
Sunday Anderson Westside Senior Center 868 West 900 South Salt Lake City, UT 84104 Phone: 801.538.2092
American Diabetes Association-Utah 801.363.3024
Friendly Neighborhood Center 1992 South 200 East Salt Lake City, UT 84115 Phone: 801.468.2781
George E. Wahlen Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center 500 Foothill Drive Salt Lake City, Utah 84148 Phone: 801.582.1565
Harman Senior Recreation Center 4090 South 3600 West West Valley City, UT 84119 Phone: 801.965.5822
Taylorsville Senior Citizen Center 4743 South Plymouth View Dr. Taylorsville, UT 84123 Phone: 801.293.8340
Alzheimerâ€™s Association of Utah 801.265.1944 American Cancer Society of Utah 801.483.1500 American Chronic Pain Association 800.533.3231
Medical Home Portal www.medicalhomeportal.org CHTOP Chapel Hill Training-Outreach Program chtop.org/ARCH/National-Respite-Locator.html
Tenth East Senior Center 237 South 1000 East Salt Lake City, UT 84102 Phone: 801.538.2084
Kearns Senior Center 4850 West 4715 South Salt Lake City, UT 84118 Phone: 801.965.9183
West Jordan Center 8025 South 2200 West West Jordan, UT 84088 Phone: 801.561.7320
Liberty City Center 251 East 700 South Salt Lake City, UT 84111 Phone: 801.532.5079
Washington County Council on Aging http://www.washco.utah.gov/ contact
The Washington County Council on Aging provides services for senior citizens 60 and older. These include classes (pottery, painting, aerobics, yoga, square dancing, and computer training) tax assistance during tax season and other services. Nutrition is a main focus of the senior centers. In-house meals are served as well as Meals on Wheels. The following centers are supported in part through the donations of those patrons who use the facilities. Gayle & Mary Aldred Senior Center 245 North 200 West St. George , UT 84770 435.634 . 5743 Washington County Senior Citizens 150 East 100 South Street Enterprise, UT 84725 435.878.2557 Hurricane Senior Citizens Center 95 N 300 W Hurricane, UT 84737 435.635.2089
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