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rom manuscript to print

Catalogue of an Exhibition held at the Morris Miller Library, University of Tasmania, Hobart, December 2008 – January 2009

Rodney M. Thomson Design and picture research Gillian Ward


From Manuscript to Print by Rodney M. Thomson Š University of Tasmania Hobart, Tasmania 2008 ISBN 978 1 86295 483 0 Published by the University of Tasmania Printed by Focal Printing Pty. Ltd. North Hobart, Tasmania 7000 Graphic Design by Gillian Ward http://www.utas.edu.au/library/exhibitions/manuscript_to_print/ 2


Contents Preface and Acknowledgements

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Select Bibliography and Abbreviations

5

Introduction

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Exhibition Catalogue

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Handlist of Books printed before c. 1600

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Preface and acknowledgements

About the middle of 2007, as we looked forward to hosting two small back-to-back conferences concerned with the literary culture of medieval and early modern Europe, and of Australia, Dr Jenna Mead of the School of English, Journalism & European Languages, suggested to me the possibility of an accompanying exhibition of whatever manuscripts and early printed books were in the Library of the University of Tasmania. What did we have? she asked. I knew of our three manuscripts, and, vaguely, of early material from the library of Christ College, which the Library had inherited in 1999. But that was all. Together we repaired to the Library’s rare books room and began a voyage of discovery. It has taken some nine months even to locate and identify all of the pre-1600 material. It emerged that only half of the Christ College material had been catalogued, and that the uncatalogued items were stored in several different locations. Apart from what had come from the College, I became aware for the first time of nearly forty items donated directly to the University Library by two individuals who happened to have collected early editions of the Greek and Latin Classics. In researching this collection and compiling the present catalogue, many debts have been incurred: at the Morris Miller Library of the University of Tasmania the Librarian Linda Luther, and Graeme Rayner, Zoë McKay, Emilia Ward and Luana Nandan; at the State Library of Tasmania, Hobart, Dr Tony Marshall and Dr Ian Morrison. My requests for information were helpfully answered by Dr Michael Powell, Professor Michael Bennett, Dr Elizabeth Freeman, Dr Keith Adkins, and Dr Christine Ferdinand (Fellow Librarian of Magdalen College, Oxford). Special thanks are due to the former University Librarian Alan Rees and his wife Jan. The fundamental scholarly contribution that Jan made, in the 1970s and 1980s, to the study of Tasmania’s early books, especially those at Christ College, has not been adequately recognised. This is because none of it was ever published, but exists only in a small number of typescript copies. I thank Jan for making her personal annotated copies available to me. The design, picture research and photography for the catalogue were carried out by Gillian Ward of the Morris Miller Library. Gill’s exemplary skills will be evident to all the catalogue’s readers; not so obvious will be the long hours and considerable pains that have gone into its production. For all this, and for the pleasure of collaboration through the process, I am deeply grateful. Funding has been provided by the generosity of the Vice Chancellor of the University of Tasmania, Professor Daryl Le Grew, the Board of the University Foundation, the Foundation of Christ College, the Morris Miller Library, Roger and Maxeme Tall, and Professor Michael Bennett. RMT October 2008

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Select bibliography and abbreviations

Adams, H. M., Catalogue of Books printed on the Continent of Europe, 1501–1600, in Cambridge Libraries, 2 vols. (Cambridge, 1967) (Adams) Archives of the University of Tasmania (UA) Australian Dictionary of Biography, ed. D. Pike (Melbourne, 1966—) (ADB) Bühler, C., The Fifteenth-Century Book (Philadelphia, 1960) Catalogue of the Christ’s College Library in the Diocese of Tasmania, 2 parts (Hobart, 1848) (1848 Catalogue) Catalogue of the Library of Christ College, (by J. Rees), undated typescript (1971) Catalogue of the Franklin Museum Library (by J. Rees), undated typescript A Catalogue of Books printed in the Fifteenth Century now in the Bodleian Library, ed. A. Coates et al., 6 vols. (Oxford, 2005) (CBFCBL) Christ College Trust: Lady Franklin Library Catalogue, undated typescript, no author (?1950s) Christ’s College Tasmania. An Exhibition of Books from Christ’s College Library, 1846-1850. arranged by The Friends of the University Library, September-October, 1971 (printed, n. d. or p.) Copinger, W. A., Supplement to Hain’s Repertorium Bibliographicum, part 1 (London, 1895) Copinger)

(Hain-

Davies, M., Aldus Manutius: Printer and Publisher of Renaissance Venice (London, 1995) Eisenstein, E., The Printing Press as an Agent of Change: Communications and Cultural Transformations in Early-Modern Europe, 2 vols. (Cambridge, 1979) Gesamtkatalog der Wiegendrucke, 7 vols. (Leipzig 1925–38); 8– (Stuttgart 1978– ) (GW) Hain, L., Repertorium Bibliographicum, 4 vols. (Stuttgart, 1826–38/repr. Milan 1948) (Hain) Oates, J. C. T., A Catalogue of the Fifteenth-Century Printed Books in the University Library, Cambridge (Cambridge, 1954) (Oates) Pollard, A. W., and Redgrave, G. R., A Short-Title Catalogue of Books printed in England, Scotland, & Ireland and of English Books printed Abroad 1475–1640, 3 vols. (2nd edn., London, 1976–86) (STC) Proctor, R., An Index of German Books 1501-1520 in the British Museum (2nd edn., London, 1954) (Proctor, German) Richardson, B., Printing, Writers and Readers in Renaissance Italy (Cambridge, 1999) Roberts, J., ‘Importing Books for Oxford, 1500-1640’, in Books and Collectors 1200-1700; Essays presented to Andrew Watson, ed. J. P. Carley and C. G. C. Tite (London, 1997), pp. 317-33 Sinclair, K. V., Descriptive Catalogue of Medieval and Renaissance Western Manuscripts in Australia (Sydney, 1969) (Sinclair) 5


Introduction

Today we are faced with a revolution in the technology of reading: the printed book is being supplemented, if not replaced, by electronic media. A more gradual, but no less fundamental revolution took place in European book production between c. 1450 and 1550. By the early 1400s readership was growing rapidly, due to increasing literacy in both Latin and the vernaculars, and prompting an ever-increasing demand for more and cheaper books. Manuscripts (hand-made books) were relatively expensive items, slow to produce, and no two could be made exactly alike. In the early 1440s and 50s the technology of printing was developed by Johann Gutenberg at Strassburg and Mainz: its main elements were the use of moveable metal type, which when inked could produce the text for a whole page, applied by a hand press. By this means identical copies could be produced, many times over. Over the next century printing spread rapidly across Europe, and by c. 1550 the industry that supported the handmade book was gone. This exhibition presents most of the manuscripts and printed books to the 1560s held by the Library of the University of Tasmania, plus one from St David’s Cathedral, Hobart, and eight from the State Library of Tasmania, Hobart. Although the collection is small in world terms, amongst it are eleven notable books or parts of books printed before 1500 (‘incunables’ or ‘incunabula’), and many products of famous presses and printers. Early printing was a risky business, so printers sought to reproduce old and popular texts for which they knew there was a ready market. But they also printed literature that was newly-available, such as the Greek and Latin texts rediscovered by the Renaissance humanists, or that which was newly-composed and topical, such as the polemical and devotional literature associated with the Protestant Reformation. All of these categories are represented here.

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The University Library In terms of their acquisition, most of the early books in the University Library fall into two categories: books that entered the Library through the donations of Robert Dunbabin and Frank Woodward on the one hand, and those acquired along with the whole of the early library of Christ College, in 1999. Tasmanian-born Robert L. Dunbabin (1869-1949), foundation Professor of Classics at the University of Tasmania (1917-1940), had received his higher education at Corpus Christi College, Oxford.1 Some at least of the early editions of the Greek and Roman Classics that he owned were acquired by him in England and in Paris on the open market. On his retirement in 1940 he donated his extensive personal library to the University of Tasmania, including twenty or twenty-one books dating from before 1600. It was Dunbabin’s habit to note, at the front of his books, the date of purchase, unfortunately not the place or source. His notes show that he bought his early books between 1892, when he was still at Oxford, relatively evenly across the years until as late as 1937. Presumably some of the later purchases came from Hobart booksellers, although he also revisited Europe from time to time. The other major donor was a more remarkable man, Frank Lee Woodward (1871-1952), born in Norfolk and educated at Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, where he read Classics.2 His later career was as a schoolteacher, but he also became interested first in theosophy then in Buddhism, in 1903 becoming Principal of Mahinda Buddhist College at Galle, in Ceylon (Sri Lanka). He also became an active contributor to the Oxford-based Pali Text Society, translating eighteen volumes of Buddhist Scriptures and compiling a concordance to the Pali canon. In 1919 he retired to a house and small orchard near Launceston, northern Tasmania. To the University of Tasmania he bequeathed at least 337 books, mainly Classical texts, of which fourteen date between 1553 and 1601.3 It is interesting that three of them bear the bookplate of the Mahinda College Library. Presumably Woodward was responsible for bringing these books from England to Ceylon in the first place, but decided to take them with him into retirement, given that they would hardly have been of use to the Buddhist students of Mahinda. Otherwise, like Dunbabin, he appears to have bought his early books at widely different places and times, some after his retirement to Tasmania – he paid a return visit to England, Ceylon and India 1922-1924. The books of Dunbabin and Woodward together form a distinguished and homogenous collection of printed classical texts from the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries; neither man collected incunables, perhaps simply because neither was prepared or able to pay the high prices already being asked for them.

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Christ College

But by far the largest proportion of our pre-1600 books, including the most interesting and valuable, have come from the library of Christ’s (now Christ) College, Tasmania. The coming of these books to Tasmania, for the most part around the mid nineteenth century, is part of a remarkable story of the heroic attempt to bring the long tradition of European learning and literacy to the far side of the world. Christ’s College was founded in 1846, as the result of the initiative of Lieutenant Governor Sir John Franklin (the famous explorer) and his wife Jane, who sought the advice of Dr Thomas Arnold, headmaster of Rugby. In the event, Arnold not only gave advice, but was responsible for drafting the College’s first statutes. It was intended as an imitation of the University Colleges of Oxford and Cambridge, meant, in the words of Franklin himself, ‘to educate the whole man, to develop and strengthen his faculties, to teach him how to wield the powers of his own mind, to form his taste, to refine his manners, and to instil into him the true principles, feeling, and habits of the Christian and the gentleman’.4

It was intended to be a ‘learning hub’

which would communicate the traditional educational, cultural and moral principles of the old world to the colonial élite who were to govern and in turn civilize the unruly, perhaps (as some feared) already decadent society of Van Diemen’s Land. Headed by its first Warden, Arnold’s protégé and recommendation, Rev. John Philip Gell, and supported warmly by the first Anglican bishop of Tasmania, Francis Russell Nixon (1803-1879),5 the College was established on his lands at Bishopsbourne in the State’s north-west. A library was begun immediately, books actively sought and positively flooding in from generous donors who included Gell, Nixon and the Franklins themselves, as well as the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge. In 1848 a Catalogue was printed, ennumerating no fewer than 1,614 titles. This was soon added to, above all by Rev. Robert Rowland Davies (1805-1880), a Kentishman, educated at Trinity College, Dublin, and the University of St Andrews, Rural Dean of Longford, later Archdeacon of Hobart and a Fellow of the College. 6 More than any other, he was responsible for the College’s exceptional 8

Rev. John Philip Gell. From the University of Tasmania Library Special and Rare Materials Collections.


collection of

fifteenth- and sixteenth-century books.

Already he had given books to the College before 1848. But in December 1852 he wrote to Nixon: ‘Your Lordship is perhaps aware that for many years I have been collecting samples of the various printing presses of Europe during the 15th, 16th and 17th centuries, and I believe I possess some work of each press. I am unwilling that this collection should be scattered, at the same time I cannot afford to give them to the college. If, however, your Lordship as Visitor approves, I will sell them to the college, at the lowest possible price – to be paid whenever there are surplus funds ...’7 Davies’ list of the books he donated still survives, written in his own hand and amounting to no fewer than 222 titles. His interest in early printing is unusual at such a date, and his education and intellectual interests would bear further investigation.8 It is clear, from documents of a later date, that he was not remunerated for his gift.9 Of the fifty-three books in the list dating from before 1600, only seventeen survive. The remainder, including the two incunables, seem to have been lost early on. But we have at least two more incunables given by him before 1848. It was arguably too much too soon.

Dogged by

mismanagement, particularly financial, Christ College in its original conception lasted barely a decade, and was formally disbanded in 1856.

Its later history, of

refoundation, of transformation first into an Anglican

Francis Russell Nixon. Photograph by Charles A. Woolley, Hobart Town. From the University of Tasmania Library Special and Rare Materials Collections.

seminary then a residential College of the University, and its relocation to several sites before the present one in Sandy Bay, Hobart, does not directly concern us. Other and important additions to the library were made, above all that of the collection assembled by the Franklins for their library-museum at Ancanthe, Lenah Valley, but none of them contained early books such as Davies’, except for the incunable that appears to have come with other books from St David’s Cathedral in the 1960s. And there were losses: in 1890 a fire destroyed 250 books and damaged another 300-400.10 Particularly grievous was the loss of the great volumes of John Gould’s works on Australian birds and macropods, stolen in the 1970s. It is fortunate that all but one of the early books recorded as still at the College in 1971 are in the University Library now. Before taking our leave of the books at the University, mention should be made of the five books belonging to the Royal Society of Tasmania, whose collections are housed in the Morris Miller Library. Tasmania’s was the first Royal Society established outside Britain. Like Christ College, the earliest impetus towards its foundation came from the Franklins, though it was not formally established until 1843, after they had returned to England. A museum and library were soon part of the Society’s equipment. All of its early books were donated by individuals; perhaps strangely, none is of scientific interest. Among them is the oldest book in the State (see p. 22). 9


‘Christ’s College Bishopsbourne, established in 1846...’. From: Stoney, Henry Butler, A residence in Tasmania : with a descriptive tour through the island, from Macquarie Harbour to Circular Head (London, 1856), p. 106. From the University of Tasmania Library Special and Rare Materials Collections. RoySoc Rare DU 460 .S88 1856.

The State Library of Tasmania Most of the seventeen books and fragments of books printed before 1600 in the State Library at Hobart came there as a result of the extraordinary activity of Sir William Crowther (1884-1981), a medical practitioner with a deep interest in history, who built up a notable personal collection of books and other historical material, which he presented to the State Library.11 Crowther was particularly interested in the history of exploration, but also in the development of the printed book in general. Hence, for example, the portfolio of leaves taken from printed books, representing many of the most famous early printers, which he deliberately acquired to form a set of teaching material.

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The interest and value of these books for us today is manifold. First of all, they include products of many of the major presses and printing centres across Europe, from the generation after Gutenberg on: Germany (Zell and Quentel at Cologne, Koberger at Nuremberg), The Low Countries (Plantin at Antwerp), Switzerland (Froben at Basel, Froschauer at Zürich), France (Josse Bade and Robert Estienne at Paris), Italy (Sweynheym and Pannartz at Rome, Nicholas Jenson and Aldus Manutius and his heirs at Venice) and England (Caxton and de Worde in London/ Westminster) are all represented; only Spain is absent. Notable works include fifteenth-century copies of classical texts such as Juvenal and Plutarch, and early imprints of the works of Erasmus and Calvin. A number of books are in original or early bindings. These, plus the annotations of early owners, shed interesting light on the market for which the books were designed. There are several cases of books printed in Germany and Switzerland passing very early to England. Foremost among them are the grand sets of Augustine’s and John Calvin’s works (the former owned by Bishop Nixon), printed at Basel, but in late sixteenth-century bindings made at London or Oxford. A number of our books bear evidence of institutional ownership by religious houses, and one belonged, until the late eighteenth century, to an Oxford College. Most of the books seem to have been picked up by their earliest Tasmanian owners in England, especially in London, where the contents of now-disbanded Continental monastic communities were becoming available via booksellers and auction houses. It is to be hoped that the present Catalogue and Handlist will lead to an increase in the knowledge and understanding of this material, and to its further study and conservation.

• Endnotes: 1 ADB VIII, 354-5. 2 ibid., XII, 568; M. Powell, Manual of a Mystic: F. L. Woodward, a Buddhist Scholar in Ceylon and Tasmania (Canberra, 2001). 3 A typescript list of these, evidently made after his death, is held by Shield Heritage Solicitors, Launceston. I have to thank Woodward’s biographer, Dr Michael Powell, for making a copy of it available to me. The list was made by someone unfamiliar with classical literature or the ancient languages, and only some of Woodward’s volumes now in the University Library can be identified in it. As a whole the collection is disappointing: most of it consists of ‘school texts’ now of little value. Woodward’s classical training took place a little too early for him to profit from editors such as Housman and Lindsay, or scholarly series of editions such as Teubner, Loeb and Oxford Classical Texts. 4 Address to the Legislative Assembly, 1840. 5 ADB I, 436-7; II, 285-8. 6 ibid., I, 291-2. 7 UA 17/79. 8 The ADB entry for Davies (written in 1966) refers to his diary and papers, at that time in private hands. 9 UA 17/180. 10 Christ’s College Magazine, September, 1890 (UA.17/221 (1)), p. 6. 11 T. Marshall, ‘The Crowther Family’ in The Companion to Tasmanian History, ed. A. Alexander (Hobart, 2005), pp. 92-3.

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Catalogue of the exhibition

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Manuscript: fragment of a Passional. A bifolium from a Passional made at and for a religious community in the north of England, c. 1150. A ‘Passional’ was a liturgical book containing Lives of saints (including accounts of their martyrdoms or ‘passions’) to be read on their feast days throughout the year. This fragment contains part of the Life of S. Sylvester. After the Dissolution of the English monasteries (1536-9), many books such as this were pulled to pieces and the parchment reused, in this case as a wrapper for administrative documents relating to the estates of a secular lordship in the north-west of England. Acquired from an unnamed friend, probably in the 1950s, by Sir Roger Mynors (d. 1989), Corpus Professor of Latin at Oxford University; acquired from his estate by Prof. R. M. Thomson.

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Manuscript: leaf from a copy of a commentary on Aristotle, De Anima. ?Paris, c. 1300. An unusually early example of a western manuscript made of paper rather than parchment. The original book was probably made commercially for use at the University of Paris; the highly abbreviated gothic rotunda script is typical, as is the flourished initial. The text of Aristotle is written, in slightly larger script underlined in red, in blocks followed by commentary. Students found it hard to afford books, so the writing of university texts such as these was usually heavily abbreviated to keep the number of leaves to a minimum. This fragment had been used as a flyleaf in an unidentified 16th-century printed book. Collection of Prof. R. M. Thomson, acquired from an Oatlands farmer in the 1980s.

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Manuscript: Guy d’Evreux (fl. c. 1290-93), Sermons. France, c. 1300. Four bifolia (double leaves) on parchment, formerly in the early binding of a copy of Robert Estienne, Thesaurus, pr. Paris, 1531. This copy is a humble one, written in a clear but low-grade French bookhand with numerous abbreviations to save on expensive parchment. The sermons of the Dominican friar Guy d’Evreux were extremely popular in manuscript and print. This copy, in small format, may well have been carried about by a friar who would have either read the sermons out to his audience, or used them as models for sermons of his own. The host book was owned by Prof. Hermann Suchier c. 1900. The fragments were acquired by B. M. Rosenthal, bookseller of New York; bought from him by the University Library in 1961. Cent Rare BV 4240 .G8 1200z.

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Manuscript: Cicero, De Officiis. On paper, written in elegant Italian humanistic bookhand, signed and dated by the scribe ‘Silvester magistri Iohannis phisici Baldoli Fulginatis’ (‘Silvester, [in the service] of Master Giovanni Baldoli of Foligno, physician’), 24 May 1465. This copy listed by M. Winterbottom, ‘The Transmission of Cicero’s De Officiis’, The Classical Quarterly, new ser. 43 (1993), 215-42, at 238. Unusually, the book retains its original binding of blind-stamped leather over wooden boards. On p. 19 is shown a common form of marginal NB mark, a pointing hand (‘maniculus’). The note says ‘Nota quis sit uir sapientissimus’ (‘Note what sort of man is the wisest of all’). The pastedowns are reused parchment leaves, the text, mainly washed off, in an Italian gothic hand, probably 14th-century. In the lower margin of fo. 21r is an unidentified armorial flanked by the initials B. B. On fo. 1r is a note ‘Antonii Lazzarini liber emptus in foro Maceratae. IV. Kal. Aprilis An. 1751’ (‘The book of Antonio Lazzarini, bought in the market of Macerata, 29 March 1751’). Macerata is a small town in the March of Ancona (north-eastern Italy). Bought by the University Library from the New York bookseller B. M. Rosenthal, 1961. Cent Rare PA 6296 .D5 1465.

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Manuscript: leaves from two Books of Hours, France, c. 1475.

The ‘Book of Hours’ was a prayer book for the laity which developed from the late 13th cent., becoming extremely popular by c. 1400. Usually decorated, sometimes lavishly, and catering for the wealthy, this is one of the commonest types of medieval book to survive today. There were also printed versions. Uncatalogued.

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Manuscript: Virgil, Aeneid; Ovid, Ars Amatoria. Written on paper in German littera hybrida, in the late 15th century. A cheap book for students, containing the texts of two important classical works.

Its (originally) wide margins

are heavily annotated by a contemporary German scholar. Similar notes are found in other German copies of about the same date. On fo. 1r, in a 16th-cent. hand, ‘Sum ex libris Elia. Hutt[ . . .] 80 [lined through] 83’; on fo. 324r ‘Hic liber est Leonardi de bylb’ [lined through]. Pen-trials on fo. 324v include words and phrases in German: ‘florentina mater’, ‘wie gernn,’ ‘Iunckfraw Elisabett in asiam,’ ‘Junckfraw ir Seyts gar wolgem’m auf’. Acquired by the University Library from the New York bookseller B. M. Rosenthal in 1961. Cent Rare PA 6801 .A2 1484.

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Iohannes Nider (c. 1380-1438), Praeceptorium Divinae Legis (Commentary on theTen Commandments). Pr. Ulrich Zell, Cologne, undated, but a copy is known with a rubricator’s date of 1470. Hain 11806; CBFCBL N-068. Qto. Zell (d. c. 1507) was Cologne’s first printer, trained at Mainz by Fust and Schöffer. This book was printed less than twenty years later than the Gutenberg Bible, effectively the first printed book. As in many printed books before the early 1500s the major initials, paragraph-marks, highlighting and underlining have all been added by hand. Note also the passage written in red near the beginning of the book. It translates ‘Towards the purchase of this book Iohann Mewen gave us 40 stuivers of the money of Lord Louis de Bourbon bishop of Liège. The rest was raised by myself, Brother Henry of Cologne, prior of the convent of St Maria Laach, in the year of Our Lord 1472.’ Maria Laach, still a Benedictine abbey today, is situated on the Laacher See, south of Bonn. The remains of a contemporary continental binding of oak boards, the spine later covered with brown calf. Formerly kept shut by a strap from a recess in the back board to a pin in the front. (An English binding would have had the strap seated on the front board with the pin at the back.) The book used to have flyleaves (at present unlocated) made of manuscript fragments, including part of a late 11th-cent. liturgical book from the diocese of Utrecht. Presented to the Royal Society of Tasmania by Mr Warren of Argyle St. Hobart, July 8 1853. Cent. RoySoc Rare BV 4655 .N53 1472z.

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25


Nicolas de Lyre, Postilla litteralis in Bibliam. Pr. in 5 parts by Conrad Sweynheym and Arnold Pannartz, Rome, 1471-2. Hain *10363; CBFCBL N-056. Fo. Possibly the earliest example of the use of ‘littera antiqua’ (Roman typeface) in a printed book. Sweynheym and Pannartz were the first printers in Rome, 1467-1473. The Franciscan Nicolas de Lyre (d. 1349) was responsible for two commentaries (the ‘postilla litteralis’ and the ‘postilla moralis’) on the whole Bible, both of which were standard in the late Middle Ages Two bifolia (from Exodus), acquired by William Crowther from the bookseller Alan G. Thomas of Bournemouth. State Library of Tasmania, Hobart, CRO 090. DEL.

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Plutarch, Vitae Parallelae (Lives of Illustrious Greeks and Romans), in Latin. Pr. Nicholas Jenson, Venice, 2 Jan. 1478. Hain 13127; CBFCBL P-392. Fo. Binding ?18th-cent., vellum over pasteboard. Neat marginal annotation in a humanistic hand little later than the book, trimmed by the (17th- or 18th-cent.) binder. Plutarch’s Lives, originally in Greek, were translated individually or in groups by several Italian scholars between c. 1440 and 1460. The first printed edition of the complete collection was produced in Rome in 1470: V. R. Giustiniani, ‘Traduzioni latine delle “Vite” di Plutarco nel Quattrocento’, Rinascimento, 2nd ser. 3 (1961), 3-62, at 44. Our copy is a reprint of the first edition, and is noteworthy because the printer, Nicholas Jenson, used a particularly elegant ‘roman’ typeface instead of the ‘gothic’ which had been inherited from manuscripts. According to an advertisement from 1482, his books ‘Do not hinder one’s eyes, but rather help them and do them good. Moreover, the characters are so intelligently and carefully elaborated that the letters are neither smaller, larger nor thicker than reason or pleasure demand.’ At the foot of fo. a2, 17th- or 18th-cent., ‘Pertinet ad Bibliotecam S. Francisci Nouar.’ (i.e. from the Library of the Franciscans of Novara). On the spine, in large letters, is ‘Plutarcus / In uit. uiror. illustri.’, at the head a shelfmark S. x. L. 3. Large letters are inked on all edges: S. on the upper, F. on the foredge, and N. on the lower. On the first flyleaf are ‘J. P. Hand 1835 London’; ‘Pinelli Sale Catalogue No 7468 [London, 2 Mar. 1789] a copy of this edition was purchased by Lord Spencer for £12. 1. 6’, signed ‘J. P. H.’; ‘E. 6. C: Coll: Tasm:’. From the Library of Christ College; 1848 Catalogue. Uncatalogued.

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Nicolaus de Auximo, Supplementum to the Summa Pisanella of Bartholomew of Pisa, and Canones Poenitentiales. Pr. Anton Koberger, Nuremberg, 27 June 1478. Hain *2157; CBFCBL N-027. Fo. A grand copy, by a famous printer, of an alphabetical subject-index to the fundamental texts of canon law. Texts such as these were hardly exciting or innovative, but they were necessary tools aimed at a reliable market. Note the absence of folio-numbers (an absence normal in manuscripts), and the general resemblance to manuscript, especially the hand-painted decorated initials. Each alphabetical section opened with a pink leather foredge marker, most of them now trimmed off. Property of St David’s Anglican Cathedral Hobart, perhaps brought to Tasmania by its first bishop, Francis Russell Nixon (1803-79).

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29


Ranulf Higden, Polychronicon, English translation by John of Trevisa (1342-1402). Pr. William Caxton, Westminster, after 2 July 1482. STC 13438; CBFCBL H-121. Qto. Only eight complete copies of this book now exist. Higden, Benedictine monk at Chester c. 1280-c. 1363, compiled a huge history of England to 1326-7. It became a standard authority, and was continued, and quarried for its information, by many later chroniclers. The English version was equally popular. A single leaf (fo. cclxix, from bk. 5 cc. 24-5), mounted and supplied with interpretative material, pr. by the Grabhorn Press for The Book Club of California, San Francisco, 1938. Owned by William Crowther. State Library of Tasmania, Hobart, CRO Q. 094. CAX.

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Martial’s Epigrams, with the commentary of Domitius Calderinus. Pr. Baptista de Tortis, Venice, 17 July 1485. Hain-Copinger *10819; CBFCBL M-123. Fo. Annotated in humanistica. On ff. ai and ii are ‘Gir(ola)mo Orli’. From the Library of Christ College (‘G. 8’ on fo. ai); 1848 Catalogue, the gift of Rev. R. R. Davies (pencilled inside the front cover). Uncatalogued.

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Petrus de Crescentiis (Pietro de Crescenzi), Liber Ruralium Commodorum. Binding early 19th-cent. by John Shearer, bookseller, stationer and bookbinder, Stirling (Scotland). He trimmed the edges particularly heavily. Qto. Pr. [Georg Husner], Strassburg, 1486. GW 7824; CBFCBL C-481. Crescenzi (c. 1233-c. 1321), a Bolognese jurist, wrote this treatise on farming c. 1305. It was immensely popular: 91 manuscript copies are listed by L. Frati, Pier de’ Crescenzi 1233-1321 (Bologna, 1933); it was first printed at Augsburg in 1471. On both sides of the title page is early writing in French, including the name Iohannes and perhaps the surname Perueron. The same hand annotates throughout, often translating names into French. Inside the coloured initial shown below is a name, ‘Jehan de Lacorne’. The name appears again, cropped, in the outer margin of fo. b(4)v. Inside the first and third flyleaves is ‘Don:’, 19th-cent.; see also below, p. 48. Presented to the University Library by E. J. Cameron, Deputy Chancellor, and Mrs Cameron, October 1967. Cent Rare S 433 .C74 1486.

32


33


Juvenal, Satires, with the commentary of Domitius Calderinus Binding ?18th-cent, vellum on pasteboard. Pr. Andreas de Paltasichis, Venice, 24 March 1488. Hain 9701; CBFCBL J-312. Fo. Roman typeface; unfilled spaces for initials. Annotated in 16th-cent. hands. Followed by ‘Domitii Calderini Veronensis secretarii apostolici in satyras Iuuenalis ad clarissimum uirum Iulianum Medicem Laurentii fratrem Petri Cosmi filium Florentinum editi Romae quum ibi publice profiteretur Calen. Septembris Mcccclxxiiii.’ And ‘Domitii ... defensio aduersus Brotheum grammaticum Commentariorum Martialis calumniatorem: cum recriminatione retaxationis Plinianae: in qua Brotheus [Nicholaus Perottus] ducentis & septeuagintaquinque locis praestantissimum scriptorem deprauauit’. At the end ‘Impressum Venetiis per magistrum Andream Chatarensem depantheis. Sub anno Domini M.cccc.lxxxviii. die. xxviii. Martii. Regnante domino domino Augustino

Barbadico

inclyto

Venetorum

Principe ad honorem dei & totiusque curiae celestis, &c.’ On the first recto (there is no title page) are ownership notes, perhaps of the 16th cent.: in pencil and again in ink, ‘Inter libros Leonardi Paternó’, and ‘Juuenalis Satyre / num: 16.’ At the head ‘1707 Primo.’ Also ‘G. 8. Ch: Coll: Tasm:’. Inside the front board, in faint pencil, is the ex libris of Rev. R. R. Davies. From the Library of Christ College. Uncatalogued.

34


Bernardo Giustiniani, Historia de Origine Urbis Venetiarum. Giustiniani (1408-1489), member of a prominent Venetian family, was taught by the famous humanists Guarino of Verona and George of Trebizond, and served as a senator in his native city. The Historia is his most important work. Pr. Bernardinus Benalius, Venice, [not before 31 Jan. 1493]. Hain-Copinger *9638; CBFCBL J-284. Fo. Unbound fragment, quires h-m only. Roman typeface, very like Jenson’s. Heavily annotated by an early and learned reader writing elegant humanistica. Earlier provenance and donor unknown; kept in the office of the University Librarian since at least the 1970s; identified by A. and J. Rees in 1977. Cent Rare Folio DG 677 .A2 G5 1492.

35


Hartmann Schedel, Liber Chronicarum (The Nuremberg Chronicle). Pr. Anton Koberger, Nuremberg, 12 July 1493. Hain 14508; CBFCBL S-108. Fo. A leaf (fo. CLI) from one of the best-known 15th-cent. printed books. It was illustrated with about 2000 woodcuts by the most famous German artists of the day, Hans Pleydenwurf and Michael Wolgemuth, one of Albrecht Dürer’s masters, as well as by Dürer himself. Koberge was Dürer’s godfather. See A. Wilson, The Making of the Nuremberg Chronicle (Amsterdam, 1976). Acquired by William Crowther from the bookseller Alan G. Thomas of Bournemouth, 1956. State Library of Tasmania, Hobart, CRO 090. SCH.

36


Sebastian Brant, Narrenschiff (The Ship of Fools), Latin translation by Jakob Locher. Pr. Georg Stuchs, Nuremberg, after 1 Mar. 1497. Hain 3747. Qto. Brant’s popular satire on the weaknesses and vices of his time was written in 1494. It takes the form of an allegory, in which a ship laden with fools and steered by fools sails to the fools’ paradise of Narragonia (German Narr = fool). A single leaf (fo. lxxvii), acquired by William Crowther from the bookseller Alan G. Thomas of Bournemouth. State Library of Tasmania, Hobart, CRO 090. BRA.

37


Giovanni Boccaccio (1313-1375), De Casibus Illustrium Virorum, followed by a brief Life of Boccaccio by Jean Thierry of Beauvais. Pr. Jean Gormont and Jean Petit, Paris, undated (soon after 1500). Qto. A very rare imprint of a popular work in Latin, in a limp vellum binding, possibly contemporary. An example of rather amateurish printing: the lines of type not straight, poor word-spacing, random use of upper- and lower-case letters in names. There are also an unusual number and variety of abbreviations used in manuscripts. One of the innovations that developed with the printed book was the title page, rarely found in manuscripts. This one shows an unusual (and not very happy) combination of gothic and roman typefaces. Acquired by R. L. Dunbabin, 1 March 1915, and given by him to the University Library in 1940. Cent Rare PQ 4274 .D1 1500z.

38


Valerius Maximus, Dictorum et Factorum Memorabilium Libri Novem, with the commentary of Oliverius Arzignanensis. Early binding of beech boards, quarter-bound in blind-stamped pigskin. Pastedowns from accounts, partly in German; partially obscured by slightly later paper, the years 1592, 1593, 1603 and 1604 visible. Two brass clasps from the rear to catches at the front. Spine liners of manuscript. Pr. Albertinus de Lisona Vercellensis, Venice, 22 May 1505. Fo. On the title page ‘Emptus est hic liber 4 vrsis’; ‘Bibliothecae Pauperum ad S. Paulum Ratisponae [i.e. Regensburg’] 1619’; ‘Donald Dudgeon Hutchins School Hobart 1921 – 1922 – 1923.’ From the Library of Christ College. Uncatalogued.

39


Peregrinus von Oppeln, Sermones de Tempore et de Sanctis. Original binding of tawed skin over wooden boards; formerly a strap from the rear to a catch at the front. The sermons of the Dominican Peregrinus von Oppeln (c. 12601322) were enormously popular in manuscript: some 350 copies are known. It was first printed in 1495. Pr. Henry Quentel, Cologne, 1 July 1505. 8vo. From the Library of Christ College; given by Rev. R. R. Davies in 1852. Uncatalogued.

40


Francesco Filelfo, Conuiuia. Pr. Conrad Hist, Speyer, 1508. Proctor, German, no. 11193. 8vo. Only seven books are known from this printer. On the title page is an ?18th-cent. shelfmark CXVII. 89. From the Library of Christ College; given by Rev. R. R. Davies in 1852. Uncatalogued.

41


Ambrose, Opera, 3 vols., ed. Conradus Leontorius, monk of Maulbronn. Pr. Ioannes Petri de Langendorff, Basel, 29 May 1506. Adams A-934. Qto. Each volume is inscribed, 18th- or 19th-cent., ‘Su(m)ptum Bibliotecae regiae Monacensis’ (‘Taken from the Royal Library, Munich’). Bookplates have been soaked off from inside the front covers. Many duplicates from the Royal Library (now the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek), which had acquired huge numbers of books from dissolved German monastic houses, were sold by Sotheby in London, 27 Aug. 1841. Inside the front cover of vol. 1 is pencilled ‘3 vols. 35/-‘, ?early 20th-cent. From the Library of Christ College. Uncatalogued.

42


John Fisher, This Treatyse concernynnge the fruytful Sayings of David the Kynge. Binding 16th- or 17th-cent., calf on pasteboard with gilt centrepieces. Pr. Wynkyn de Worde, London, 1509. STC 10904. 8vo. Lacking many leaves. Early pen-trials include, on fo. pp(viii)v, ‘William Soulte oweth this booke’. John Fisher (c. 1469-1535), humanist scholar, bishop of Rochester and cardinal, was executed along with Thomas More for refusing to accept Henry VIII’s headship of the English Church. Bought by William Crowther from the booksellers Halewood & Son, Preston, Lancs., UK, July 1940. State Library of Tasmania, Hobart, CRO RARE 094. FIS.

43


Biblia Latina Vulgata (fragm., the New Testament only, fols. ccccii-ccccc), followed by the unpaginated Interpretationes Nominum Hebraicarum ascr. to Stephen Langton. This work commonly followed the text of the Latin Bible in manuscript. Binding 17th-cent.; blindtooled polished calf with gilt centrepiece. Pr.

Jacques

Mareschal,

Lyon, 12 April 1514. Adams B-990. 8vo. Frequent and attractive woodcut initials. Copious

early

annotation.

marginal On

blank

pages at the end has been written ‘A table for the dominicall letter for euer’, in English, beg. 1560. From the Library of Christ College.

Uncatalogued.

44


Paulus Wann, Sermones De Septem Vitiis. Apparently pr. by Heinrich Gran, at the expense of Iohann Rynman de Oringau, Hagenau, 1514. Proctor, German, no. 11660; Adams W14. Qto. But the collation is not as Adams. This may therefore be an unknown edition. Lacks prelims., title page and several leaves near the end ([*8**6, all between O6 and [*4]). At the head of ai is written ‘Hic liber editus est Anno 1476 videatur sermo 76 in fine’. This however refers to the date of the sermon, not of the book. Heavily annotated, in Latin and German, by an early reader. Inside the front board is a cancelled ownership inscription: ‘269 / C. H. de ? Koehler’. From the Library of Christ College (‘G. 8’); given by Rev. R. R. Davies in 1852. Uncatalogued.

45


Musaeus, De Herone et Leandro, Orpheus, Argonautica, Hymni, De Lapidibus, in Greek. ?Original Venetian binding of polished calf over thin wooden boards, blind-filleted panels with gilt ornament; the edges later cropped and gilded. Pr. at the Aldine Press by Andreas (Asolani), father-in-law of the Press’s famous founder Aldus, Venice, November 1517. Adams M-1991. 8vo. Small painted initials on square grounds with gold tracery, rather like the ‘champe’ initials found in late medieval manuscripts. At the head of the title page, in an early hand, ‘Moreau Med. Paris’. Inside the front cover is an old shelfmark A ii. 29, partly cancelled. Also an armorial plate: ‘From the Sunderland Library, Blenheim Palace, purchased Nov. 1882 by Bernard Quaritch, 15 Piccadilly, London.’ On the collection and its sale, see CBFCBL, vol. 6, p. 2919. On the first flyleaf is ‘44’ and ‘Ex libris Mathaei Ritbomii Rhetorice Veterani anno 9 1685’. Bought by R. L. Dunbabin 30 Jan. 1920 and presented by him to the University Library in 1940. Cent Rare PA4250 .M5 1517.

46


47


St Augustine, De Civitate Dei and De Trinitate, the first with the commentaries of Thomas Waleys (d. 1350) and Nicholas Trevet (d. c. 1334), with additions by Iacopo Passavanti (d. 1357), and Franciscus de Mayronis (d. c. 1325). The second work has comment by Mayronis only. Two

originally

separate

but

matching

volumes, both printed at Lyon by Jacques Sacon, at the expense of Iohann Koberger ‘citizen of Nuremberg’ in 1520, the first on 15 Oct., the second on 31 July. Adams A-2193. Fo. An especially complex format, varying with each page, was necessary to allow the commentary to keep pace with the text. At the foot of the last leaf is an early ex libris, inked over. Inside the front board is ‘Don.’; see also above, p. 32. Cent Rare BR65 .A52 1520.

48


Apollonius of Rhodes, Argonautica, in Greek. Pr. at the Aldine Press by Andreas (Asolani), father-inlaw of Aldus Manutius, Venice, April 1521. Adams A1312. 8vo. Noteworthy features include the neat hand of an early annotator that differs little from the text font. The book’s format shows both forward- and backward-looking features: for example, on the one hand a scholarly apparatus at the end of the text, and on the other spaces reserved for coloured initials to be added by hand. Acquired by R. L. Dunbabin, 17 May 1918; given by him to the University Library in 1940. Cent Rare PA 3872 .A1 1521.

49


Catullus, Carmina, with the commentary of Alessandro Guarini (1486-1556). Pr. Georgius de Rusconibus, Venice, 11 May 1521. Adams C-1141. 8vo. The commentary is actually by Battista Guarini (d. 1513), revised by his son. The opening shows the characteristic page-format: the text of Catullus is in the middle, surrounded by the commentary, with further referencing in the margin. This format was adopted from the familiar one used, from the 13th cent. on, in manuscripts containing texts of canon and civil law with commentary. Note that everything is printed in italics, a typeface deriving from the cursive script adopted by Italian humanists of the 15th century, extensively used for printed classical texts. At the end of the book is a lengthy errata section with the stern heading ‘[Mistakes] admitted by the printer’s carelessness are listed hereunder’. Acquired by R. L. Dunbabin, 8 Feb. 1937, from the bookseller B. H. Blackwell, Oxford; given by him to the University Library in 1940. Cent Rare PA 6276 .G83 1521.

50


Desiderius Erasmus,Commentaries on the Pauline Epistles, Canonical Epistles, and Hebrews. Pr. Iohann Froben, Basel, 1523.

Adams E-799.

8vo.

Called ‘Tomus

secundus’ on the title page. ‘Tomus primus’, published in 1524 (Adams E-731), contained the Commentaries on the Gospels and Acts. Inside the front board, ?17th-cent., ‘Thos: ?Bicaste Bastel’. From the Library of Christ College; given by Rev. R. R. Davies in 1852. Uncatalogued.

51


52


53


Pliny, Natural History. Pr. Iohann Froben, Basel, March 1525.

Erasmus’

prefatory letter is dated February the same year. Adams P-1560. Fo. By this time Erasmus had long enjoyed both a close business relationship and personal friendship with Basel’s most famous printer. At the head of the title page is an early ownership inscription, cancelled;

‘Liber

Willelmi

immediately

?Chisworth

below

is

‘Simon

1559’, Pett

Magdalenensis pretium xvj s.’ On the verso, c. 17001800, is ‘Mag: Coll: Duplicate / Sold by T. Winchester’. From Magdalen College, Oxford; apparently not an exact duplicate, though the College has several other early printed editions of the same work. Simon or Simeon Pett was fellow of Magdalen 1572-1588, d. 1611. T(homas) Winchester was fellow 1747-61, vice-president from 1754, d. 1780.

Near the head

of the foredge is inked PL, showing that the book was shelved with the foredge facing outwards. The binding, by Andrew Chalmers, binder to the University of Tasmania Library, dates from 1962, but incorporates, 2/3 of the way up the foredge of the rear board, a brass chain-staple from the previous binding. At Christ College early, but not in the 1848 Catalogue. Uncatalogued.

54


Guillaume Budé, Commentarii Linguae Graecae. Pr. Josse Bade (Jodocus Badius Ascensius), Paris, 1529. Adams B-3093. Fo. The first edition of an important commentary on the Greek language by a famous French humanist scholar, printed by an equally famous printer. By 1530 it had been reprinted three times, a second edition appearing in 1548. See L.-A. Sanchi, Les commentaires de la langue grecque de Guillaume Budé: L’oeuvre, ses sources, sa préparation (Geneva, 2006). The title page, which doubles as Bade’s printer’s device, incorporates a classic illustration of the early printing press at work. The man on the left holds a ball for applying ink to the type; the man on the right is setting the type in the ‘forme’ for another page. From the Library of Christ College; not in the 1848 Catalogue. Uncatalogued.

55


Iohannes Trithemius (Iohann Trittheim, 1462-1516), abbot of Spannheim, Catalogus Scriptorum Ecclesiasticorum .... Pr. Peter Quentell, Cologne, 1531. Adams T-966. Qto. The first edition of this famous bibliographical work was printed in 1494. It is an index of Christian Latin authors, in alphabetical order, each entry supplying brief biographical details and a list of the author’s writings. It is still an important reference tool for information about the many medieval German authors it lists. At the head of the first leaf, cropped by the binder, is an early ownership inscription: ‘Libellus Friscisci Fusci Gr. in Oberndorff pastor’ (‘The book of ?Fritz Fust, pastor of Gr. in Oberndorff’). Unfortunately there are several places named Oberndorf in Germany and Austria. Owned by the Jesuit College at Worms in 1767. Bought in Munich in 1932 by Richard W. Hunt, later Keeper of Western Manuscripts at the Bodleian Library, Oxford; acquired from his estate by the University of Tasmania in 1982. Cent Rare Z 7783 .A2 T7 1531.

56


Lucretius, De Rerum Natura. Disbound, lacking title page and A1. Pr. Henricus Petri, Basel, August 1531. 8vo. Lucretius’ work was known as early as the ninth century, but then practically disappeared from view until a manuscript was discovered and copied by the humanist Poggio Bracciolini in 1417. His copy produced no progeny until the 1420s, after which the text became very popular in manuscript and print. On the title page, 16th-cent., ‘James [mutil.]’. From the Library of Christ College; given by Rev. R. R. Davies in 1852. Uncatalogued.

57


Tacitus, Opera, followed by the notes of Beatus Rhenanus and Andreas Alciatus. Pr. by Aldus Manutius’ heirs, Romanus and Andreas Asolani, Venice, November 1534. Adams T-25. 8vo. Romanus and Andreas were the children of Aldus’ father-in-law, Andreas Asolani. They managed the firm until the majority of Aldus’ own son Paulus in 1533. From the Library of Christ College (‘F. 2’); given by Rev. R. R. Davies in 1852. Uncatalogued.

58


Desiderius Erasmus (1467-1536), Ecclesiastae sive De Ratione Concionandi. Pr. Hieronymus Froben and Nicholas Episcopius, Basel, 1535 (colophon dated March 1536). Adams E-628. 8vo. The work, one of Erasmus’ last, is more clearly described by its subtitle ‘On the Dignity, Purity, Prudence and other Virtues of the Church’, but in fact it contains stringent criticism of the contemporary Church. Four printings were done in the same year, this one with a prefatory essay by the author, dated August, addressed to the bishop of Augsburg. Such a book soon found favour with Protestants. This copy was in England soon after publication, for at the end a 16th-century reader has made notes in Latin and English, including the revealing comment ‘They list not defend theyr owne religione, but cavill at ours: O facta bene!’ From the Library of Christ College; given by Rev. R. R. Davies in 1852; with the of

armorial

bookplate

Rev. Charles Jasper

Selwyn, vicar of Blockley, Worcestershire, 1761-1794. Cent College Rare PA 8517 .E33 1536.

59


Iohann Heinrich Bullinger, De Scripturae Sanctae Auctoritate. Pr. Christoph Froschauer, Zürich, March 1538. Adams B3206. Note the punning printer’s device: German ‘Frosch’ means ‘frog’. Swiss-born Bullinger (1504-1575), head of the church at Zürich, was one of the most influential Protestant preachers and theologians of the century. On the title page ‘Bib. Maj. Acad. Aug. Leodii [= Liège]’. Another inscription has been trimmed from the head. From the Library of Christ College; given by Rev. R. R. Davies in 1852. Uncatalogued.

60


61


Quintilian, Institutes and Declamationes Maiores, with the annotations of Petrus Mosellanus and Ioachim Camerarius. Pr. Michael Vascosanus, Paris, 1538. Fo. The prologue is in elegant square capitals. Bk. 12 of the Institutes is heavily annotated in a French hand of the 16th cent. The Institutes borrows the Josse Bade title page (see above, p. 55) without the centrepiece. The Declamationes has a title page (fo. 187) using the whole design of Josse Bade but with Vascosanus’ name &c. substituted. On the title page is an old shelfmark, ‘Ii. 2. 13’, canc., and ‘Rouge’. From the Library of Christ College. Uncatalogued.

62


Theocritus, Bucolica, followed by commentary, in Greek. Two vols. as one, pr. ‘apud Salamandram’ on the title pages, at the end of each vol., ‘in aedibus Bartholomai de Zanettis, à Casterzago’, Venice, 1539. Adams T-562. 8vo. Another innovation of the printed book, from as early as the 1470s, was the printer’s device, of which perhaps the most famous is the anchor & dolphin of Aldus Manutius (see p. 49). This dramatic example, first used in this book, soon became popular among a group of mutually acquainted Venetian printers. Inside the front cover is the armorial bookplate of Frederic North, fifth earl of Guildford (1766-1827). Sales of his books took place at intervals between 1828 and 1835. From the Library of Christ College. Uncatalogued.

63


Jacques Louis Strebée, De Electione et Oratoria Collocatione Verborum. Pr. Michael Vascosanus, Paris, 1540. Nice woodcut initials. Qto. Inside the front board of the 18th-cent. binding: (1) ‘Samuelis Parr L.L.D. viri integerrimi atque doctissimi Donum Gulielmo Episcopo Clonensi 1804’; (2) ‘Purchased by R. A. 1820’; (3) the armorial bookplate of Robert Austen; (4) ‘Presented to Christ’s College Library by the Revd. G. Wilkinson Jan. 29 1849’. On the first flyleaf is ‘Rob. Austen 1820’. The extensive library of Samuel Parr (1747-1825) was sold in London, 20 May 1828: see J. Sparrow in Book Collector 5 (1956), 63-72. From the Library of Christ College (‘G. 6’). Uncatalogued.

64


Augustine, Opera, 10 vols. in 7. Pr. Hieronymus Froben and Nicolaus Episcopius, Basel, 1541-1543. Adams A-2162. Fo. The volumes are in contemporary English (probably London) bindings of blind-stamped polished calf over oak boards. Owned by Francis Russell Nixon, first bishop of Tasmania. Transferred to Christ College from the crypt of St David’s Cathedral Hobart in or before 1962 (Launceston Examiner, 3 Oct. 1962; UA 17/515). Uncatalogued.

65


Cicero, Philosophical works, vol. 2. Pr. Robertus Stephanus (Robert Estienne), Paris, 1543. Adams C-1643 (Opera Omnia, vol. 5). 8vo. Containing: De Natura Deorum, De Diuinatione, De Fato, De Legibus, ‘De Uniuersitate’ (= Plato, Timaeus, transl. Cicero), De Petitione Consulatus ad Marcum Fratrem.

Followed by Scholia Pauli Manutii quibus Ciceronis

philosophia partim corrigitur, partim explanatur, unpaginated, same printer and date. From the Library of Christ College; given by Rev. R. R. Davies in 1852. Uncatalogued.

66


Livy, Ab Urbe Condita, Decades I-V, ed. Beatus Rhenanus and Sigismund Gelenius, followed by Florus, Epitome, with the notes of Henricus Glareanus, chronology of Josse Bade, Lorenzo Valla on places in Livy and emendations to bks. 1-6 (on the second Punic War), and a few notes of Antonius Sabellicus. Introduction by Simon Grynaeus. To the front flyleaf is glued a letterpiece, 17th- or 18th-cent., with LIVIUS APUD VASCOSAN; above is pencilled ‘Found from the Original Binding, when the present binding was being repaired 20/1/33’. But the present binding is 18th-cent. and dilapidated. Only the letterpiece seems to have been replaced. Fine large woodcut initials. Pr. ‘Apud Audoenum Paruum sub Lilio aureo in uia ad diuum Iacobum’, Paris, 1543. The additional material is paginated separately, and begins with an unnumbered title page, on which is ‘Parisiis. Imprimebat Michael Vascosanus sibi & Odoino Paruo M. D. XLII.’ Adams L-334. Fo. At the foot of the title page: ‘Ex lib: Ro: Gray collegii Med. Lond. socii 1699’. Gray (fl. 1664-1709), Doctor of Medicine, was Honorary Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians of London 1664, Fellow 1687. Inside the front cover is the armorial bookplate of the duke of Leeds (Osborne). On the front flyleaf is a shelfmark A. 6. 5, and, in pencil, 15/- and 1093. From the Library of Christ College (stamp with ‘Christ College / Library of St. Wilfrid’ on the front flyleaves). Uncatalogued.

67


Cicero, Letters to Atticus, to Brutus, to his brother Quintus, and the spurious Letter to Octavius. Ed. and pr. by Paulus Manutius (Paulo Manuzzi), Venice, 1544. Adams C-1914. 8vo. These works of Cicero were renaissance rediscoveries, so this is a book that illustrates the ‘new learning’ of the period. Paulus was the son of the much more famous Aldus Manutius (1449-1515), who set himself to publish newly available Greek classical authors in the original language. His enduring influence is demonstrated by the retention of his device and name ‘ALDUS’ on the title page, and the colophon which states that the volume was printed ‘APUD ALDI FILIOS’ (‘[printed] at the sons of Aldus’). An inscription several lines long has been erased from the verso of the title page. From the Library of Christ College; given by Rev. R. R. Davies in 1852. Cent College Rare PA 6297 .A5 1544.

68


Bartholomeus Georgevits, La manière et ceremonie des Turcz. Pr. ‘Barnabe Chaussard, pres nostre dame de Confort’, Lyon, ?1545 (the date of the preface). 8vo. Gothic typeface, woodcut of knight and lady on the last verso. Each leaf of this small-format book has been trimmed and laid down within a leaf of 18th- or early 19th-cent. paper. On fo. Ai is pencilled ‘Lot 866 – Lyon 1545’. From the Library of Christ College; given by Rev. R. R. Davies in 1852. Uncatalogued.

69


Aristotle, logical works, translated by Boethius (d. 524), with commentary by Angelo Poliziano (1454-94). Pr. Sebastian Gryphius (Greyff), Lyon, 1547. The gryphon in his device is a pun on his name. 8vo. On the title page is written the name of an early owner ‘Ex libris Joannis Calichiogul[...]’ – the rest cropped by the binder. Marginal annotation, by this man, has also been cropped, and damaged by the reaction of metallic ink on the page. Acquired in Paris, 10 Aug. 1892, by R. L. Dunbabin; given by him to the University Library in 1940. Cent Rare PA 3893 .07 1547.

70


John Chrysostom, Opera, in Latin, ed. Sigismund Gelenius, vol. 1. Early binding of blind-stamped pigskin over bevelled beech boards; formerly two straps from the back boards to brass catches at the front. At the head of the front board a title has been stamped in large gothic capitals. The edges stained green. Pr. in 5 vols. by Hieronymus Froben, Basel, Aug. 1547. Adams C-1517. Fo. On the front pastedown are at least four early ex libris inscriptions, all at least partly erased. Of one ‘Antonii Gab[ ... ]hig’ can be read, of another ‘Ex libris Matthei Marco’. On the title page are ‘Loci Capucinorum Radzerburgi’ (‘from the Capucin house at Ratzeburg’; Ratzeburg is east of Hamburg), and ‘Cathalogo Librorum Ioannis Caroli Lutter H?iteripens(is). ir 40’. With the bookplate of Francis Russell Nixon, first bishop of Tasmania, 1842. Given by him to the Library of Christ College. Uncatalogued.

71


Appian of Alexandria, Romanae Historiae, in Greek. Ed. and pr. Carolus Stephanus (Charles Estienne), Lyon, 1551. Elegant headpieces and initials. Fo. In the 15th and 16th centuries printers (Aldus Manutius, for instance) were sometimes also scholars and themselves edited the texts they published (see also above, p. 68). On the title page, in an early hand, is ‘Sum Gerardi [smudged]selii’. On the first flyleaf is ‘R. L. Dunbabin 24 Oct. 1913’. Presumably given by him to the University Library in 1940, though it lacks his usual ex dono plate. Cent Rare Folio PA 3873 .A2 1551.

72


Prose di M. Agnolo Firenzuola Fiorentino. Pr. Laurentius Torrentinus (Lorenzo Torrentino, born Laurens van den Bleeck), Florence, 1552. He styles himself ‘impressor ducale’, and appropriately his device includes the famous Medici palle. Adams F-501. 8vo. Bound at the end are pp. 109-[112] from the end of another book, containing the whole of an Elegia à Seluaggia, beg. ‘Come havran fine i cominciati affanni ...’. From the Library of Christ College. Cent College Rare PQ4622 .A19 1552.

73


Mario Nizoli (1498-1566), Concordance to the works of Cicero &c., revised by Caelio Curio (1503-69) at Basel in 1548. Pr. Antonius Vincentius, Lyon, 1552. Fo. An extra gathering is added at the end, containing a vocabulary of unusual words used by Cicero, pr. Ioannes Frellonius (Jean Frellon), Lyon, undated. On the rear flyleaf, in a late 16th-cent. hand, is an interesting ownership inscription in bad Latin: ‘Hunc librum cemiterio Paulino Ioannes Sadlerus possessor / tum fratre suo Rogero decem solidis emebat’ (‘The owner John Sadler [gave] this book to Paulinus the mason; then to his brother Roger [who] bought it for 10 s.’). Sadler was presumably English. Cent Rare Folio PA 6366 .N5 1552.

74


Polydore Virgil, Dialogi. Polydore Virgil (d. 1555) was an Italian who spent most of his working life in England where he wrote his most famous work, the Historia Anglica. The present book was published after he had retired to his native Urbino. Pr. Michael Ising, Basel, 1553. Adams V-453. 8vo. At the head of the title page is ‘Bibliotheca Blazeana Anno 1618’, i.e. from the library of Jacobus Blasius (Jacques Blaise), bishop of St Omer 1600-1618. Below, in purple ink, is ‘F. L. Woodward. Sid. S. Coll. Cam. 1890’. Given to the University Library by his executors in September 1952. Law Rare PA 8585 .V4 D5 1553.

75


Livy, Ab Urbe Condita, Decades I-V. 5, followed by Florus’ Epitome of Decades V. 46-XIII. 140. Bound with the commentary and chronologies of Henricus Glareanus (1488-1563) and others. Two books bound as one: (1) pr. Antonius Vincentius, Lyon, 1553, (2) pr. Iohannes Frellonius (Jean Frellon), same place and date. However, the books were always meant to be together, as there is an Index to (1) at the end of (2). Adams L-1339. Fo. On the front flyleaf is ‘F. L. Woodward A. M. e Sid: Coll: Cant. schol 1890-3’. Presented to the University Library by his executors in September 1952. Cent Rare Folio PA6452 .A2 1553.

76


Francesco Petrarca (Petrarch), 1304-74, Opera, 2 vols. Pr. Henricus Petri, Basel, March 1554. Adams P-776. Fo. The decorative woodcut initials show two styles of witty illustration (putti, rabbits &c.). On the title page of each volume is written ‘Ad usum S. P. Ferdinandi a Tusculo / Pertinet ad conuentum S. Ioann’ C. Gandulphi’ in a 17th-18th cent. hand; i.e. owned by the convent of S. Giovanni, Castel Gandolfo (Lazio), north of Rome. Inside the front board are shelfmarks of the same period: K IX 5 L.C. and K IX. 6 L.C. On fo. BBB(7) of vol. 2 about half a column of text was expunged with metallic ink which has burned right through the paper. Apparently a monk objected to Petrarch’s Canzone 136-8, which condemned the corruption of the Church in his time in violent language. This was commonly done to copies of Petrarch’s works: Italy’s Three Crowns, ed. Z. Baranski and M. McLaughlin (Oxford, The Bodleian Library, 2007), p. 36 and fig. 21. Acquired by R. L. Dunbabin, 1 March 1915, and given by him to the University Library in 1940. Cent Rare Folio PQ 4475 .A1 1554 (T. 1-2).

77


Ambrose, Opera, ed. Desiderius Erasmus, vols. 4 and 5 as one. Fine contemporary German binding of blind-stamped calf over bevelled ?oak boards, newer leather inserted under the spine. Formerly two straps from the rear to brass catches still present at the front. Brass corner bosses, one missing. The blind tooling includes ‘OPERVM AMBROSI’ on the front, and stamps of Old Testament scenes with captions. The hinges have been strengthened with parchment strips from a large 13th-cent. MS, probably German; part of one col. of text is visible – apparently a biblical commentary. Pr. in 5 vols. by Hieronymus Froben and Nicholaus Episcopius, Basel, 1555. Adams A-941. Fo. Inside the front board is pencilled roughly ‘vols. 4 & 5 in 1 5/-’ and 447. At the head of the title page is ‘Sum Vbbonis Emmii’. Ubbo Emmius (1547-1625), historian and geographer, was a Dutch Calvinist who became first rector of the University of Groningen. The high school for boys which he founded in 1584 in the town of Leer (Lower Saxony) is still in existence today. From the Library of Christ College. Uncatalogued.

78


Augustine, Opera, ed. Desiderius Erasmus, Tomi II-III, IV-V as 2 vols. Pr. in 10 parts ‘apud Carolam Guillard uiduam Claudii Cheuallonii & Gulielmum Desboys, sub Sole aureo in uia diui Iacobi’, Paris, 1555. Adams A-2163. Fo. On the title page of vol. 1 (shown here) is a succession of ownership inscriptions: ‘Iohannes Norderman D. me sibi comparauit Aureliis Anno 1608 / E cujus Bibliotheca Anno a Christo nato 1636 mens. Octobr. Hoc universum D. Augustini voluminibus sex comprehensum opus una cum aliis compluribus libris ex caussa Fürstman g(on)tra Einsanleim ab Anno Christi 1600 in Camera Spirensi agitata, Victores, bono cum Deo, accepimus Herfurtii. / Iacobus Stephani et Annafurs Steuanec coniuges a 20|10 d. Dec: anni 1628 / R7HNA / M. Ios. Chr: Engelbräusl Past: et Canon: Bielfeld: Ecclesia Mariana.’ Similar, but briefer, on the title page of vol. 2, with the date (16)79 for Engelbräusl. Bielefeld is in north Germany. From the Library of Christ College. Uncatalogued.

79


Demetrius of Phaleron, De Elocutione, in Greek, ed. Petrus Victorius (Pietro Vettori). Pr. Guillaume Morel, ‘royal typographer for Greek texts’, Paris, December 1555. Adams D-251. Bound with (2) select works of Dionysius of Halicarnassus in Greek, pr. Carolus Stephanus (Charles Estienne), Lyon, 1554, and (3), select works of Dionysius translated into Latin by Stanislaus Ilovius, with commentary by Ilovius and Franciscus Robortellus, pr. Robertus Stephanus (Robert Estienne), Lyon, 1556. 8vo. With an introductory letter from the editor to Cardinal Alessandro Farnese, dated 1552. beautiful Greek font. The

Printed using a very

displayed opening shows a

‘modern’ feature of this edition: the ‘apparatus’ listing alternative readings to the edited text, taken from an ‘ancient manuscript’. With the bookplate of Mahinda College, Galle, Ceylon. Owned by F. L. Woodward; presented to the University Library by his executors in September 1952. Cent Rare PA 3948 .D5 1555.

80


Cicero, Opera. Pr. in 4 vols. by the Royal Printer, Carolus Stephanus (Charles Estienne), vol. 1 Paris, 1555, the index, paginated

139-172,

pr.

Lyon 1554; vols. 2-4 pr. Lyon 1554 (errata of vol. 3 1555). Adams C-1647. Fo. Noteworthy for the sober mise en page, elegant woodcut a

initials

scholarly

and

apparatus

based on collation with an ‘ancient exemplar’ and other printed editions. On the title pages are the names of early owners, Robert Meres and Georgius Antonius. With the plate of George Gregory of Bath, Bookseller to H. M. Queen Alexandra (1863-1910). On the front flyleaf of vol. 1 is pencilled ‘F. L. Woodward. MA. e Sid. Suss. Coll. Cam. Schol. 1890-3’; similarly at the beginning of the other vols.

Presented to the

University Library by his executors in September 1952. Cent Rare Folio PA 6278 .A2 1555 (1-4).

81


Rhetorica ad Herennium and Cicero, De Inventione, with the commentaries of Pietro Vettori (14991585) and Paulo Manuzio (1512-74). Pr. Sebastian Gryphius, Lyon, 1555. 12mo. A good example of a small-format classical text of the period. Since the ninth century these two texts, both ascribed to Cicero, had been copied together and were regarded as fundamental for teaching the art of rhetoric, that is, of fine Latin writing; they were often commented on. Acquired by R. L. Dunbabin 1 March 1918, and presumably given by him to the University Library in 1940, though his usual ex dono is not present. Cent Rare PA 6304 .R7 1555.

82


Boccaccio, Ameto, ed. Francesco Sansovino. Pr. Gabriel Giolito de’ Ferrari, Venice, 1558. 8vo. Italic typeface; classicizing woodcut initials. On the title page is an old shelfmark 2940. From the Library of Christ College; given by Rev. R. R. Davies in 1852. Cent Coll Rare PQ4270. A2 1558.

83


Polybius, Histories, French translation: Les cinques premiers livres des Histoires de Polybe Megalopolitein, auec trois Parcelles du vi. un du vii. un du viii. & un du xvi. Autrefois traduits & mis en lumiere par Louis Maigret, derechef reuus, corrigez, & renduz plus entiers par lui sur l’exemplaire Grec .... Pr. Ian de Tournes, Lyon, 1558. Adams P-1810. Fo. Inside the front cover is the armorial bookplate of A. J. Scott, whose name is on the first page of text. On the title page is written ?A. Murray, on the flyleaves a shelfmark 281. From the Library of Christ College. Uncatalogued.

84


85


Carmina Quinque Illustrium Poetarum Pr. Hieronymus Lilius et socii, Venice, 1558. Adams C-732. 8vo. Italic typeface. On the first flyleaf is ‘R. L. Dunbabin C. C. C. Oxon. 3 Nov. 92’. Given to the University Library by Dunbabin in 1940. Cent Rare PA3123 .C32 1558.

86


Verrius Flaccus (grammarian), fragments, and Sextus Pompeius Festus, De Verborum Significatione. Pr. Iohannes Maria Bonellus, Venice, 1559 (the colophon has 1560). Adams V-586. 8vo. The ‘series chartarum’ on the last page of the book (shown below) provides a guide for the binder to ensure that he sewed the book in the correct order. Each quire or section was assigned an alphabetical letter which, with the leaf number, appears at the foot of the leaves (usually four) in the first half of each quire: a1, a2, a3, a4. This system was already used in late medieval manuscripts. On the last leaf, 16th-cent., ‘Thomas Plower His Book’. From the Library of Christ College; given by Rev. R. R. Davies in 1852. Uncatalogued.

87


Bartolomeo Taegio, La villa. Dialogo. Pr. Francesco Moscheni, Milan, 30 May 1559. 8vo. Bound in its original limp vellum wrappers; remains of two ties of the same. Fine title page; on the verso the author’s portrait; woodcuts showing surveying at pp. 162 and 164. Inside the front cover is written ‘1560 Francoforti I. A. à S’. On the verso of the last leaf of text (Cciii) and the following flyleaf are herbal remedies in German, signed ‘Frater Mercurius ordinis S. Basilii in Monte Sinai uel S. Catharina co(mmun)icabat Praga Anno 1570.’ The same hand has annotated the text. On the verso of the first flyleaf is ‘Duplum Bibliothecae regiae Monacensis’, 18th-cent. (see above, p. 42). From the Library of Christ College; given by Rev. R. R. Davies in 1852. Uncatalogued.

88


89


Terence, Comedies, with the commentary of Petrus Antesignanus Rapistagnensis. Binding of blind-stamped pigskin over pasteboard. The pigskin presumably once extended over the whole of the boards, but has been cut back near the half-way point from the spine, and the remainder replaced with parts of leaves from a 15th-cent. manuscript liturgical book in gothic textura with red initials and rubric. That on the back is so rubbed as to be illegible. Pr. Mathias Bonhome, Lyon, 1560. Adams T-353. Heavily used, perhaps in a classroom. Qto. Inside the front board are mottos in Greek and Latin with the monogram ‘CIC’. On the first flyleaf in carmine:

⊃⊃

‘Iohannes Christianus Wes(?el) Magdeburgensis Saxo / Anno απο τησ Νισω Ιοριασ CI I CCVII Symbol’/ Iesus Crucifixi Vulnera Me Salvant’. The date is 1707. A similar inscription appears to have been washed off the inside of the back board. Lower down, less formally, ‘Jo: Ch: Wapsa / Anno 1702 & 7 Aprilis’. Also, perhaps in the same hand, 22 gl. On the title page ‘Iohannes Christianus Wapsa / Anno 1702 / & 6 Aprilis.’ Below is ‘Henricus Sebast. Wapsa Iur. Pract. [blank] comp. sibi Halae Saxon.

Prid. Cal. Maii anno CI IC CLXVIII’. Further down again is ‘[erased] gyl’. Near the head ‘F. 3’ and ‘Ch: Coll: Tasm:’; probably given by Rev. R. R. Davies in 1852. Inside the front board are pencilled ‘2228’ and ‘No. 200’. Cent Coll Rare PA 6755 .A2 1560.

90


Geoffrey Chaucer, Works. Printed in London by John Kyngston for John Wyght, in 1561. STC 5075. Fo. This is the fourth printed edition of Chaucer’s collected works, effectively a reprint of the 1532 edition, with fourteen leaves of additional verse, and the long poem The Siege of Thebes by John Lydgate, monk of Bury. The text is in ‘black-letter’, i.e. gothic type, with many decorated initials and several woodcuts. On the second flyleaf is pencilled ‘No. 68 in Arch’s Catalogue of 1814’. John and Arthur Arch (fl. 1792-1838) were London booksellers. Bookplate of Edgar Atheling Drummond (1825-1893). Acquired by the University Library from the bookseller Bernard Quaritch, London, in 1930. Cent Rare Folio PR 1850 1561.

91


92


93


Virgil, Opera, incl. Appendix Vergiliana, with the notes of Iohannes Frisius, Philip Melancthon et al. Binding 16th- or 17th-cent., the leather lost, only the pasteboard, damaged by damp, remaining. Pr. Weigand Han Erb., Sigmund Feierabent, Georg Rab, [Frankfurt], 1563. Adams V-499. 8vo. Fine full-page woodcuts, a8 verso, c4, i8, l5, n4 verso, p2 verso, q8 verso, x3, z3, B1 verso, D1 verso, F3, H4 verso, K7. Inside the front board ‘T. Blyth’s’. The first flyleaf is filled with pen-trials, the verso and following recto with a draft letter, 16th-cent., in English. The same hand writes more of the same on the innermost end flyleaf. At the head of the verso of the title page a 16th-cent. name, ‘Richardus Lath[?]nage’, has been cropped by the binder. The same name is written lower down, inked over. On the verso before b1 is ‘Thomas Tatham 1717’. On the verso of the last flyleaf ‘Mr William Radcliffe’, possibly the Derbyshire cotton manufacturer of this name (1761-1842). From the Library of Christ College. Uncatalogued.

94


95


96


97


Bede, Opera. Pr. in 8 vols. by Ioannes Hervagius (Iohann Herwegen), Basel, 1563. Adams B-447. Fo. The first printed edition (editio princeps) of the works of the Venerable Bede (d. 734), and the last until the nineteenth century. The illustrations are from his works on chronology and from some of the many pieces wrongly ascribed to him by the editor. On the title page of vols. 5 and 7 is ‘Conventus Leod’ fratrum minorum Recoll’’, on that of vol. 2 ‘Conventus PP Recollect Leod’’; i.e. withdrawn from the library of the Franciscan convent at Liège. From the Library of Christ College: 1848 Catalogue. Uncatalogued.

98


99


100


101


102


Anthologia Graeca. Pr. Henricus Stephanus (Henri Estienne), ‘illustris uiri Huldrichi Fuggeri typographus’, [Geneva], 1566. Adams A-1187. Qto. Using a beautiful Greek typeface. Inside the front board is the plate of Thornton & Son, Booksellers, 11 The Broad, Oxford. On the front flyleaf, in red ink, ‘E libris Marci Pattisonis, uiri doctissimi, Linc. Coll. Oxon. quondam rectoris – Univ. Oxon.’ Pattison (1813-1884) was rector of Lincoln College Oxford: V. Green, The Commonwealth of Lincoln College 1427-1977 (Oxford, 1979), pp. 469-509. Inside the front board is the bookplate of Mahinda College, Galle, Ceylon. On it is written, in the same red ink, ‘e libris F. L. Woodward Mahinda College, Galle, Ceylon’ and ‘e Sid. Coll. Cam. schol. 1890’. Given by his executors to the University Library in 1952. Cent Rare PA 3458 .A2 1566.

103


William Tyndal &c. Pr. John Daye, London, dated 1573 on the title page, 1572 at the end of the Index. STC 24436. Fo. The first edition of the complete works. Contemporary London blind-stamped binding, rebacked. Centre and corner bosses on both boards, the lower one on the front board nearest the spine gone. Formerly two straps from the front board to catches at the rear. On the spine is a small paper label with typescript 174 B. Fine woodcuts, including the title page, one of Tyndal’s burning on the unnumbered page before b1. Anti-papist woodcut on the last page. On the front flyleaf are a series of names. In apparent chronological order: ‘For Elizabeth Louther’, canc.; ‘Ann Tilley April 1844’; ‘For my Nephew’; ‘For John Tilley 21 May 1844’; ‘John Tilley’. All except the first appear to be in the same hand, presumably Ann Tilley’s. On the last flyleaf, upside down, ‘Ann Lowther’, ?18th cent. The Royal Society of Tasmania’s plate inside the front cover, its stamp on the first flyleaf. Cent RoySoc Rare BR 53 .T95.

104


105


Charles de l’Ecluse (Clusius), Rariorum aliquot Stirpium per Hispanias Obseruatarum Historia. Early binding of limp vellum. Pr. Christopher Plantin, Antwerp, 1576. 8vo. With numerous engravings by one of Plantin’s best artists, Pieter van der Borcht. The famous press founded by Plantin (c. 1520-1589) was to remain in business until 1867. Charles de l’Ecluse (1526-1609), professor at the University of Leiden, headed the newly established botanical garden there (still in existence), and laid the foundations of the Dutch bulb industry. This book is one of the earliest treatises on the flora of Spain. Inside the front cover is ‘duplicato’, an old shelfmark C. 64, and 12/- in pencil. At the end is ‘Perlegi Tag ij 1580. mense Februario / Laus Deo.’ On the verso of the title page is ‘Will: Forsyth 1825’. From the Library of Christ College; given by Rev. R. R. Davies in 1852. Uncatalogued.

106


107


108


109


Raphael Holinshed (d. c. 1580), Chronicle. Holinshed’s Chronicle of English history is best known as an important source for Shakespeare’s historical plays. Pr. Henry Bynneman, London, 1577. STC 13568. Four leaves (pp. 365-6, 1059-64), bought by William Crowther from the bookseller Charles W. Traylen of Guildford in 1942. State Library of Tasmania, Hobart, CRO 090. HOL.

110


Rembert Dodoen, Florum ... Historia, transl. from the French version by Henry Lyte and titled A Niewe Herball .... Pr. Hendrik van der LoĂŤ, Antwerp, 1578, sold at London by Garrat Dewes. STC 6984. The original version was first pr. Christopher Plantin, Antwerp, 1568. A single leaf (pp. 85-6), bought by William Crowther from the bookseller Charles W. Traylen of Guildford in 1942. State Library of Tasmania, CRO 090. DOD.

111


Abraham Ortelius, Additamentum IV-V: Theatri Orbis Terrarum. Ortelius (1527-1598), who was born and spent most of his life in Antwerp, is regarded as the father of the modern atlas. Beginning his working life as an engraver, he came under the influence of the great geographer and cartographer Gerardus Mercator, who persuaded him to produce his Theatrum Orbis Terrarum in 1570. Its success, especially given its high price, was astonishing: 25 editions appeared before his death, and a total of 21 ‘additamenta’, the last in 1597. In 1575 he was appointed geographer to Philip II of Spain. Pr. Plantin Press, Antwerp, 1590, 1595, at the author’s expense. Fo. Add. IV is Adams O-343. Binding 17th-cent., rebacked. With the armorial bookplate of John Dixon Durham. Owned by William Crowther. State Library of Tasmania, Hobart, CRO E 912. ORT.

112


113


114


115


116


Handlist of books printed before c.1600

Handlist of books printed before c.1600 held in the Morris Miller Library, University of Tasmania, & the State Library of Tasmania [not exhibited].

117


University of Tasmania, Morris Miller Library Aristotle’s works, vol. 5 only, pr. in 7 vols. by Theobaldus Paganus (Thibaud Payen) ‘apud haeredes Iacobi Iuntae’, and Jacques Faure (Lyon, 1560 -1). British Museum Library stamp, and its stamp again, including the words ‘Sale Duplicate 1787’. (The other copy is now British Library, 519. a. 7.) Inside the front cover is the ex dono plate of Mary Anne Walker, widow of William Walker (1861-1933), civil engineer, collector of Australiana, major benefactor of the State Library of Tasmania. His contribution is being studied by Heather Gaunt for the degree of PhD, University of Tasmania. Cent Rare PA3895. A4 1600z. Cicero, Tusculan Disputations, with the commentaries of Beroaldus, Camerarius, Erasmus (and his introduction), Paulus Manutius and Petrus Victorius ‘Quibus nunc primum accessit doctissimi cuiusdam uiri commentarius, cum annotationibus Leodegarii a Quercu.’ Pr. Thomas Richard, Paris, 1562. Adams C-1808. At the head of the title page is ‘I. Stedman. S. T. P. 1826’. Cent Rare PA 6304 .T6 1562. Lucretius, De Rerum Natura, ed. & comm. Dionysius Lambinus, pr. ‘In Gulielmi Rouillii et Philippi G. Rouilli nepotes, aedibus, uia Iacobaea sub Concordia’, Paris, 1564. Adams L-1660 (repr. of the 1563 edn.). Text in italic, comment in roman type. At the top of the spine and front board is an ?18th-cent. shelfmark 1497. 615. At the head of the front pastedown ‘Dal Sig:r Guidotti’ and a rough ?shelfmark G 1. 60. Lower down is ‘R. L. Dunbabin 27 Jan. 1906’. Given by him to the University Library in 1940. Cent Rare PA682 .A2 1564. Thucydides, Peloponnesian War. Greek text with marginal scholia, followed by Lorenzo Valla’s Latin translation with notes by Henricus Stephanus (Henri Estienne), separately paginated, pr. by Stephanus, ‘illustris viri Huldrichi Fuggeri typographus’, [Paris], 1564. Adams T-666. The opening page of text has an elegant headpiece and woodcut initial. On the title page is inked ‘Quillot’, and ‘Charles B. Allison’, canc. in pencil. On the rear of the second flyleaf is pencilled ‘James B. Walker’, presumably the autograph of the prominent Tasmanian Quaker James Backhouse Walker (1841-1899). Presented to the University Library by Misses J. and U. Walker of Hobart, 10 Nov. 1952. Cent Rare Folio PA4452 .A2 1564. Boccaccio, Genealogia Deorum, transl. and annotated by Gioseppe Betussi da Bassano, pr. Francesco Lorenzini da Torino, Venice, 1564. Binding c. 1800. Inside the front board 118

an armorial bookplate has been defaced. On the title page is ‘Franciscus Ricci’, ?18th-cent. From the library of Christ College. Cent College Rare PQ 4274 .G5 B4 1564. Jerome, Opera, 9 vols. in 4, pr. Nicholas and Eusebius Episcopius, Basel, 1565. Adams J-119. In contemporary English (Oxford or London) blind-stamped bindings, rebacked in the 18th cent. On the title page of vol. 2 is ‘ARobius’. From the Library of Christ College. Uncatalogued. Pietro Crescenzi, Liber Ruralium Commodorum, Italian translation by Francesco Sansovino. His preface dated 29 Nov. 1560, at Venice. Pr. Francesco Rampazetto, Venice, 1564. On ff. 450v-67 is a Trattato di alcuni herbe descritte da Pietro Crescentio & da altri Autori con le uirtu loro medicinali, with woodcuts on each verso. On ff. 467v-70v are woodcuts of agricultural implements and their names. Binding 17thcent., vellum on pasteboard, formerly with cloth ties. The book was evidently stored back board down, the lower edge visible, for it has ‘Pietro Crescenzio’ neatly inked on it. ‘Pietro Crescen[ ...] vill.’ is inked down the spine. Inside the front cover a bibliographical description of the book has been pencilled, prob. early 20th-cent., and a bookseller’s note. Cent Rare SB 79 .C7 1564. Horace, Opera, pr. Paulus Manutius, Venice, 1566. Actually two separate volumes, same date and publisher. Adams H-911. The first contains the Carmina and Epodes, the second the Satires and Ars Poetica. Both vols. are commented by Dionysius Lambinus, the first by Iohannes Michael Brutus as well. The same early annotating hands appear in both. On the title page are names of owners: ‘Giebelius’, canc.; ‘H. Casselii’, ‘Henrico L? John Lipino’, ‘Kily legebat hoc anno 1822’. On p. 1, in very rough writing, is a list of books with the name Hercules Ciofanius. Owned by R. L. Dunbabin and given by him to the University Library in 1940. Inside the front board his ex dono is pasted over his usual record of purchase, dated 1914. Cent Rare PA 6393 .A2 1565. John Calvin, In omnes Pauli Apostoli Epistolas, atque etiam in Epistolam ad Hebraeos, & omnes Canonicas Commentarii, pr. Thomas Curteus, Geneva, 1565. Adams C-322. There is an index after Hebr., and the commentaries on the Canonical Epistles begin with a new title page and pagination. Binding 16th-17th-cent., blind-stamped calf over pasteboard. At the head of the first title page is a price ‘pretium vi s’. A small paper label on the spine bears the


number 487. From the Library of Christ College; given by Rev. R. R. Davies in 1852. Uncatalogued. Aldus Manutius, Orthographiae Ratio, followed by short pieces by other members of the Manuzzi family. Pr. Aldus Manutius (the younger, grandson of his namesake, the firm’s founder), Venice, 1566. Adams M-453. From the Library of Christ College; given by Rev. R. R. Davies in 1852. Uncatalogued. John Calvin, Commentary on Isaiah, 3rd edn., pr. Iohannes Crispin, Geneva, 1570. Bound with his Praelectiones in Ieremiam et Lamentationes, ed. Jean Budé and Charles Jonville, pr. 1563. Adams C-295. Contemporary binding of blind-stamped pigskin over reverse-bevelled wooden boards; two clasps (one lost) from the rear to catches at the front. On the last flyleaf is ‘£1. 0. 0. / John Burrowes clk. / Dec. 31 1836 / 2 Paul’s Place Ball’s Pond / Islington.’ From the Library of Christ College: 1848 Catalogue. Uncatalogued. Epistolae Obscurorum Virorum, pr. ‘in lugo qui vulgo dicitur Belvedere’, 2 vols. as one, Rome, 1570. Adams E-287. Disbound. Underlining in orange crayon. Paginated, and the letters numbered, in red ink, by a 19th-cent. scholar who also underlines and annotates. At the foot of the title page is ‘Michael Kneller me possidet’, c. 1600. No other record of ownership. Cent Rare PA 8490 1570. Plutarch, Moralia, Latin translation by Erasmus et al., pr. Henri Estienne, [Geneva], 1572. On the title page ‘F. Mathes. Filio D?auid Pater 1642’, and ‘Ex libris Benjamini Münchhausen 1666’’. Owned by F. L. Woodward and given to the University Library by his executors in 1952. Cent Rare PA 4373 .M6 1572. John Calvin, Harmonia ex Evangelistis Tribus Composita, and his Commentary on John, pr. Anchora Crispiniana (Ioannes Crispinus), [Geneva], 1572. Adams C-351. Bound with his commentary on Acts, pr. Eustathius Vignon, Geneva, 1573. Adams C-316. On the title page are various ownership notes, 16th-18th-cent.: ‘Precium — x s’; ‘Thomas Graned’; ‘Georgius Lyrmont’; ‘Lib: Th: Biggen’; ‘Richard Coulton pretium 00-10-00’. From the library of Christ College: 1848 Catalogue. Cent College Rare Folio BS 2560 .A3 1572. John Calvin, Commentary on the Pentateuch, 2nd edn., pr. Gaspar de Hus, Geneva, 1573. Adams C-276. Early blindstamped binding (perhaps Continental), new leather laid over both boards and blind-stamped again in London,

late 16th-cent. From the Library of Christ College: 1848 Catalogue. Uncatalogued. Rhetorica ad Herennium and Cicero, De Inventione, annotated by Gybertus Longolius, pr. Ioannes Kyngstonus, [London], 1574. STC 5323. 7. On the rear of the title page, in a 16th-cent. hand, ‘Hic liber est meus, testis est Deus Thomas Seagar. Quisquis eripiet iniuria afficiet Thomas Seagar.’ Owned by F. L. Woodward, whose name is pencilled on the second flyleaf; given to the University Library by his executors in 1952. Cent Rare PA6304 .R5 1574. Apollonius of Rhodes, Argonauticon, in Greek, pr. Henricus Stephanus (Henri Estienne), Geneva, 1574. Adams A-1316. Annotated, mainly referring to writings of the German classicist David Ruhnken (1723-1798). Inside the front cover a small stuck-on label with ‘?Prof. Rackham / Whetfield Suffolk / August 21 1869’. Nearby ‘Collated R. L. D. 20/3/22.’ On the front flyleaf ‘R. L. Dunbabin 20 March 1922’. Without his usual ex dono, but doubtless given by him to the Library in 1940. Cent Rare PA3782 .A1 1574. Girolamo Porro, Statue antiche ..., pr. G. Porro, Venice, 1576. Consists entirely of 52 full-page plates. No record of provenance or donation. On the front flyleaf is pencilled $10-00. Cent Rare NB85 .P67 1567. Sacrosancti et Oecumenici Concilii Tridentini ... Canones et Decreta ..., pr. Christopher Plantin, Antwerp, 1577. Adams C-2814. The index is followed by an unpaginated and undated Catalogus legatorum, patrum, oratorum et theologorum, qui ad sacrosanctam oecumenicam Tridentinam Synodum conuenerant ..., bulls of Pius IV &c. The Approbatio is dated 8 May 1570. On the flyleaf, canc., ‘E libris ? Aluredi G. Garrett / S. Matthews MDCCCLXV’. Given to the Library of the University of Tasmania by Mary Anne Walker in memory of her late husband William Walker (for whom see above, p.118). Cent Rare BX830 1545 .A2 1577. Plato, Opera, in Greek and Latin, transl. Joannes Serranus, 3 vols. in 2, pr. Henricus Stephanus (Henri Estienne), Geneva, 1578. Adams P-1439. On the title page, in an early hand, ‘Josia Ferns’. Also ‘R. L. Dunbabin, 4 March 1912’. Given by him to the University Library in 1940. Cent Rare Folio PA 4279 .A2 1578. Aeschylus, Plays, ed. Guillelmus Canterus of Utrecht, pr. Christopher Plantin, Antwerp, 1580. Adams A-270. On the title page, ‘T. Blackwell’ over an earlier inscription ‘?S. C. 1788’, and ‘Don Simson 1772’. On the first flyleaf is ‘D. ?S. 119


2/6’. Cent Rare PA 3825 .A2 1580. Teofilo Folengo, Opus Merlini Cocaii Poetae Mantuani, pr. Horatius de Gobbis, Venice. Dated 1581 on the title page, 1580 at the end. Many excellent woodcut illustrations. An early inscription on the title page has been thoroughly inked over. On the first flyleaf is pencilled ‘F. L. Woodward’. Given to the University Library by his executors in 1952, though the usual ex dono plate is not present. Cent Rare PA 8520 .F64 1581. Varro, De Lingua Latina and De Re Rustica, 3rd edn. (corrected repr. of the 1573 edn.), pr. [ex officina Henrici Stephani, Geneva], 1581. The De Lingua followed by the annotations of Joseph Scaliger (on both works) and Adrian Turnebi, the De Re Rustica by the annotations of Petrus Victorius. Adams V-283. Varro’s text has been underlined and annotated in a neat early hand. Inside the front cover an old shelfmark ‘N. 2. 1.’ On the front flyleaf ‘E libr. G. H. Powell 1885’ and ‘R. L. Dunbabin 24 Oct. 1913’. George Herbert Powell (1856-1924) was a London barrister. Above, in very small writing, ‘?Hastdus’. Beneath, old writing has been washed off. Given by Dunbabin to the University Library in 1940. Cent Rare PA 6792 .A2 1581. Plutarch, Lives, French translation by Jacques Amyot, vol. 1 pr. ‘Chez Gilles Beys, rue S. Iacques, au Lis Blanc’, Paris, 1582, vol. 2 pr. ‘Chez Francois Gueffier rue sainct Iean de Latran’, Paris, 1587. Vol. 1 is Adams P-1627. At the end ‘Acheué d’imprimer le septiesme iour de Feurier. Par Pierre le Voirrier, Imprimeur du Roy és Mathematiques. 1587’. Woodcut portrait medallions. Inside the front cover is the plate of Loxley Brothers, booksellers &c., of Sheffield, and a small label with ‘du Gillon’, 19th- or early 20th-cent. On the title page of vol. 1, early, ‘William Watte’. At the head, cropped, ‘Ri Walburge’. Cent Rare PQ 1601 .A6 1582.

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Inside the front board is an old shelfmark ‘No. 99 In ll Cals’. On the last leaf ‘Robert Mcpherson Portrei May 19th 1826’. Owned by F. L. Woodward, bought by him from Thornton’s of Oxford. The bookplate of Mahinda College, Galle, Ceylon, over the remains of an earlier armorial bookplate. Given to the University Library by his executors in 1952. Cent Rare PA6482 .A2 1583. John Calvin, Praelectiones in Ezechielis Prophetae Viginti Capita Priora, pr. Petrus Sanctandreanus, [Geneva], 1583. Adams C-301. From the Library of Christ College: 1848 Catalogue. Uncatalogued. Hugh Latimer, Fruitfull Sermons, pr. John Daye, London, 1584. STC 15280. Fine woodcut on the last verso. Binding 18th-cent., diced calf, dilapidated. Inside the front board: (1) ‘Harrison Caius Coll:’; (2) the bookplate of Rev. William Dry (rector of Longford); (3) ‘Ch. Coll. Tasm. Presented by Rev. W. Dry.’ On the flyleaf are two names, canc., and two inscriptions: (1) ‘Bought of Mr William in the Market Place Price 7/-‘; (2) ‘In the year 1790 I asked the Price of a Volume of these sermons at a shop near Mark Lane London, and the bookseller asked me 9 shilling for one a deal worse in condition than this vol.’ Names have been erased from the title page and inside the back board, leaving only the dates of 1798 and 1796. From the Library of Christ College. Uncatalogued. Laurentius Surius, Commentarius Breuis Rerum in Orbe Gestarum (to 1574) continued to the year 1586 by Michael ab Isselt, pr. Gervinus Calenius & heredes Ioannis Quentelii, Cologne, 1586. Adams S-2102. p. 1 has a fine large woodcut initial. On the last leaf someone has written an appraisal of Surius and his book, dated 30 April 1599. Binding 16thor 17th-cent., with blind-stamped centrepieces. From the Library of Christ College; given by Rev. R. R. Davies in 1852. Uncatalogued.

New Testament in English, transl. from the Vulgate by Gregory Martin, pr. John Fogny, Reims, 1582. STC 2884. Handsome 19th-cent. binding by Jacques of Chichester, black polished calf, gilt and with brass clasps, red silk endpapers; the edges gilt and embossed. At the head of the title page is ‘Mr [We]bster’. On the verso and first page of text are entered birthdates of children of the Lane family, 1720-1734. From the Library of Christ College. Cent College Rare BS 1965 1582.

Symmachus, Epistolae, pr. [Geneva], 1587. The first title page has ‘Apud Eustathium Vignon Per Dionysium Probum’. So Adams S-2199. The second has ‘Per Dionysium Probum & Heliam Viollier’, same year and device. Francisci Iureti ad Symmachum Notae has its own title page and separate pagination. Inside the front cover is ‘61005 / gesammet’. Below is ‘R. L. Dunbabin Jan. 13 1900’. Given by him to the University Library in 1940. Cent Rare PA 6704 .S7 A4 1587.

Lucretius, De Rerum Natura, with the commentary of Dionysius Lambinus, pr. Andreas Wechel, Frankfurt, 1583. Adams L-1668. In the outer marg. of p. xxvi is ‘Hubertus Giphanius’, apparently referring to someone in the text.

New Testament in Greek, ed. Henricus Stephanus (Henri Estienne), pr. London, Thomas Vautrolerius, 1587. STC 2793. Inside the front board is inked ‘Royal Society of Tasmania / presented by H. J. Antyl 13 Sept. 1859’. On the title page


‘Richd Reeks 1760’. On the verso a long inscription, badly written, in Greek, apparently concluding with a personal name, partly over a library stamp in Greek. The Society’s bookplate inside the rear board. Cent RoySoc Rare BS 1965 1587. Geneva Bible, pr. Christopher Barker, London, 1587. STC 2146. Title page, early leaves and last few leaves lost. The imprint details are on the title page of the New Testament. The New Testament is followed by Two Right Profitable and Fruitfull Concordances, or Large and Ample Tables Alphabeticall ..., collected by R. F. H. Printed at London by the Deputies of Christopher Barker, Printer to the Queenes most excellent Maiestie, n.d. Followed by Thomas Sternhold, English Metrical Psalter, with music of the melody line, pr. John Wolfe for the assigns of Richard Day, London, undated. At the foot of the New Testament title page is ‘Ann Haskins orall. praefect el: - no 1 1o. ??’. Further up is scrawled ‘MARINA’, perhaps by a child. After the New Testament follows a blank unnumbered page, on both sides of which are pen-trials and scribbles, as also on the ensuing titlepage and its reverse. Names include ‘Henerey Hawkings his boock’, and ‘John Hawkins hath a great love for Elizabeth Bewick’. Inside the front board the name Henry Hawkins, c. 1800, and ‘Royal Society of Tasmania presented by Henry Butler Esqr 12 October 1858’. The Society’s bookplate. Cent RoySoc Rare BS170 1587. Cicero, Opera, ed. Dionysius Lambinus, vols. 3-4 (Epistolae, philosophica, fragments &c.). No title pages. Pr. in 4 vols., Sybilla à Porta, Lyon, 1588. Adams C-1667. Royal letter at the end dated 1587. Binding 16th-17th-cent., calf over pasteboard, blind-stamped centrepieces; flyleaves from an incunable of the Decretals with commentary. Owned by F. L. Woodward and given to the University Library by his executors in Sept. 1952. Cent Rare PA 6278 .A2 1588 t. 3. New Testament in English ... translated out of the vulgar Latine by the Papists of the traiterous Seminarie at Rhemes, with Arguments of Bookes, Chapters, and Annotations, pretending to discouer the corruptions of diuers translations, and to clear the controuersies of these dayes. Wherunto is added the Translation out of the Original Greeke, commonly used in the Church of England, with A confutation of all such arguments ... as conteine manifest impietie ... by William Fulke. Pr. Christopher Barker, London, 1589. STC 2888. Splendid title page, with a long text excoriating papistry. On the front flyleaf ‘Presented to Christ’s College, Van Diemen’s Land, By Tho: Nicholson, 4th February 1847’; 1848 Catalogue. Cent College Rare BS 2095 .B59 1589.

Lucan, Pharsalia, pr. Christopher Plantin, Antwerp, 1589. Bound with (1) Silius Italicus, Punica, ed. Daniel Heinsius, pr. at the Plantin press by Christopher Raphelengius, Leiden, 1600; (2) Daniel Heinsius, Crepundia Siliana, pr. Raphelengius, Leiden, 1601. At the head of the first flyleaf is ‘R. Banbury. 1480. 1679.’ Owned by F. L. Woodward; presented to the University Library by his executors in September 1952. Uncatalogued. John Calvin, Praelectiones on Jeremiah and Lam., 3rd edn., pr. ‘apud haered. Eustathii Vignon’, Geneva, 1589. Adams C-229. Contemporary Oxford binding of polished blindstamped calf over pasteboard; once two cloth ties; edges stained red. The back pastedown is a reused title page from another book, the writing pasted down. The title can be read ‘Collection of the Statutes of King Charles the I and King Charles the II, 1667’. On the title page is the monogram GIL (or HL). From the Library of Christ College: 1848 Catalogue. Uncatalogued. Josephus, Opera, transl. Sigismund Gelenius and Desiderius Erasmus, pr. Sigismund Feyerabend, Frankfurt, 1590. Nearcontemporary binding, of blind-tooled calf over pasteboard. On the first and last flyleaves, c. 1600, ‘Samuell Howlett his booke’. From the Library of Christ College. Uncatalogued. Io. Baptistae Portae Neapolitani Magiae Naturalis Libri Viginti, pr. Apud Andreae Wechelii heredes Claudium Marnium & Ioannum, Frankfurt, 1591. Adams P-1934. On the title page are names: ‘Bru. ?Farreder’, smudged and canc., ‘Th: Cobb’, ‘Chas Simson’. The Royal Society of Tasmania stamp passim. Cent RoySoc Rare Q 155 .P87 1591. Giulio Cesare Capaccio, Delle Imprese, pr. Giovanni Giacomo Carlino and Antonio Pace, Naples, 1592. Copious illustrations; good woodcut initials and title pages before each of the three books. Bound with (1) D. Georgius Ossolinius, Oratio habita ab eodem illustrissimo & excellentissimo D. Romae in Aula Regia Vaticana sexta Decemb. M. DC. XXXIII ..., ed. Dominicus Roncallius, pr. Apud Franciscum Caballum, Rome, 1633. (2) Dominicus Roncallius ... Panegiricus in laudem Polonorum ... Pr. same date and place; (3) Discrittione della solennissima entrate fatta in Roma dall’Eccellenza del Sig. Duca di Cremau Prencipe d’Ecchembergh Ambasciatore Straordinario per la Maestà Cesarea di Ferdinando III. Imperatore e Re de Romani ..., pr. Andrea Fei, Rome, 1638. On the title page is ‘F. L. Woodward Sid. Coll. Cam. Schol. 1890-3’. Much annotated by him in purple ink, apparently as a student. Given to the University Library by his executors in 1952. Cent Rare PN 6349 .C36 1592. 121


Velleius Paterculus, Historiae Romanae, followed by the commentary of Iustus Lipsius, pr. ‘in officina Hugonis a Porta apud Fratres de Gabiano’, Lyon, 1592. At the end, however, ‘Lugduni. Excudebat Guichardus Iuillieron 1592’. This presumably applies to Lipsius’ notes, which have a separate dated title page and their own pagination and register. On the back of the second flyleaf is pencilled ‘W. W. Fowler Xmas 1872 from Prof. Bartkowski’. On the next leaf ‘R. L. Dunbabin 22 Oct. 1923’. Given by him to the University Library in 1940. Cent Rare PA 6798 .A2 1592. John Calvin, In librum Iob Conciones, pr. ‘apud Haeredes Eustathii Vignon’, Geneva, 1593. Adams C-285. Contemporary Oxford blind-stamped binding. On the title page is a monogram GL. The rear flyleaf has a setoff from the title page of a volume of Rymer’s Foedera. From the Library of Christ College: 1848 Catalogue. Uncatalogued. Caspar Peucer, Commentarius de Praecipuis Diuinationum Generibus, rev. edn., pr. Andreae Wecheli heredes Claudium Marnium & Ioannum Aubrium, Frankfurt, 1593. Adams P-934. Binding 16th- or 17th-cent. with blind-stamped centrepieces; title inked on the foredge. At the head of the title page is ‘Ex libris J: Sperd’. From the Library of Christ College; given by Rev. R. R. Davies in 1852. Uncatalogued. Diogenes Laertius, De Vitis ... Philosophorum, in Greek and Latin, ed. Isaac Casaubon, pr. Henricus Stephanus (Henri Estienne), Paris, 1594. Adams D-484 (repr. of the 1593 edn.). Vellum binding, 18th-cent., the front hinge strengthened with a strip from a 14th-cent. MS in Netherlandish. On the title page ‘H. Brandreth 1816 Oxon.’ Henry Brandreth of Houghton (Beds.), was at St John’s College Oxford 18161823. On the front pastedown: an early inscription ‘Paul. Montan. de Futelia matrim. cons. tom. et nuper franch. ad modum ? synops?e merson’; ‘M: Norris: ? London’; ‘E libris Henrici Brandreth Coll. Di. Io. Bapt. Oxon’; ‘John Findlay November 1927’; a small bookplate with ‘W. K. Gosling’; a label, on which is inked ‘B. McPherson 8 Nov. 1946 483/E/4’; the bookplate of Newbold’s Bookshop, Dunedin, NZ. Cent Rare PA 3965 .D6 1594. George Buchanan, Rerum Scoticarum Historia, pr. Francofurti ad moenum apud Ioannem Feyrabend, impensis haeredum Sigismundi Feyrabendii 1594. Adams B-3058. Inside the front cover is the stamp of the Leipzig bookseller Oswald Weigel. On the title page and inside the back cover is written ‘Possessorem agnosco M. Philippum Ludovicum Schertelinum Leoberga: Wyrtembergicum.’ The place-names are Löwenberg and Würzburg. This man, doubtless the book’s first owner, annotated heavily. Cent Rare DA 775 .B83 1594. 122

Book of Common Prayer. Imprinted at London by the Deputies of Christopher Barker ..., 1596. STC 16321, a reprint of the edn. of 1552. ‘1595’ has been inked onto an empty cartouche at the foot of the title page. Bound with The Genealogies Recorded in the Sacred Scriptures according to euery Family and Tribe ... By FS. 34 pp., no place or date. Followed by The Bible, translated according to the Ebrew and Greeke ..., pr. by the Deputies of Christopher Barker ... London, 1599. Followed by the same Concordance as the Bible above. Followed by the English Psalter, as above, but pr. John Windet for the Assignes of Richard Daye, London, 1599. On the last flyleaf is written ‘An accompt of the Age of the Children of Thomas Whalley Grocer of Preston’. Followed by the names of seven children born between 1667 and 1681, with the names of their godparents. On the front flyleaf a more recent name J. A. Moore. From the Library of Christ College. Cent College Rare BX 5145 .A4 1595. Aristotle, Organon in Greek and Latin, ed. Iulius Pacius, pr. Apud Heredes Andreae VVecheli [et al.], Frankfurt, 1597. Adams A-1867. Early annotation. Binding of blind-stamped pigskin over pasteboard; armorial centrepiece. On the front board is stamped ‘G H B’ and the date 1601. On the spine is the early number 162. On the title page ‘G. B.’; ‘Henricus Geert Hamburgensis Anno 1655’. On the pastedown ‘R. L. Dunbabin 31 August 1911’. Presumably given by him to the University Library in 1940, though lacking his usual ex dono plate. Cent Rare PA 3893 .O7 1597. Pedro de Ribadeneyra, Tratado de la religion y virtudes que deue tener et principe christiano. En Anueres [i.e. Antwerp]: En la emprenta Plantiniana, 1597. Adams R-462. On the title page, ?18th-cent., ‘Edw: Jones’. Cent Rare JC 143 .M4 R5 1597. Iamblicus, De Vita Pythagorae and Protrepticae Orationes ad Philosophiam, in Greek and Latin, followed by the notes of Ioannes Arcerius Theodoretus. Pr. Aegidius Radaeus (Gillis van den Rade), Franeker, 1598. On the title page ‘Ex bibliopolio Commelliniano’ and the date. Inside the front cover is the armorial bookplate of ‘Ludovicus B[torn] defer’. On the title page is ‘ex bibliotheca Iacobi Batelerii Auisonis’. On the first flyleaf is ‘F. L. Woodward Coll. Sid. Suss. Cant. Schol. 1890-3’. Presented to the University Library by his executors in 1952. Cent Rare PA 4220 .A43 1598. Erasmus, Adages, pr. Sumptibus haeredum Andreae Wechelii, Claudii Marnii & I. Aubrii, [Frankfurt], 1599. Adams E-446. From the Library of Christ College: 1848 Catalogue. Uncatalogued.


Theophrastus, Characteres Ethici in Greek, ed. Isaac Casaubon, 2nd edn., pr. Antonius de Harsy, Lyon, 1599. Adams T-574. The unpaginated appendix ends with Lugduni Batavorum / Excudebat Ioannes Balduini Anno 1599 Mense Iulio. A strip cut from the top of the title page has removed the name of an owner – setoff on the adjacent flyleaf. Inside the front cover ‘R. L. Dunbabin 27 Jan. 1906’. Given by him to the University Library in 1940. Cent Rare PA 4448 .A4 1599. Sibyllina Oracula, in Greek, ed. Iohannes Opsopaeus, pr. [?Abel l’Angelier], Paris, 1599. Adams S-1061. On the reverse of the title page is the armorial bookplate of Sir John Anstruther (1678-1753), first baronet of that ilk. Inside the front cover an old library shelfmark B. 5. 8, and ‘Ga. M. Miller to Professor R. L. Dunbabin 21st August 1924’. Given by Dunbabin to the University Library in 1940. Cent Rare PA 4253 .O83 1599. Aristotle, Organon in Greek, and Manilius, Astronomicon, 2 vols. in one, the first text, the second notes, pr. at the Plantin Press, Leiden, 1600. On the title page ‘Wm Henderson’. On the second flyleaf ‘W. Ashburner 8th January 1880’. On the front flyleaf ‘R. L. Dunbabin, 21 Nov. 1911’. Given by him to the University Library in 1940. Cent Rare PA 6500 .M4 1600. Martinus Copus, Mercurius triumphans, pr. Andreas Seydner, Magdeburg, 1600. Bound with Apotelesmata philosophica, mercurii triumphantis, de uera et summa antiquissimorum philosophorum medicina, pr. Seydner, 1601. On the front flyleaf is pencilled ‘F. L. Woodward 1920 Chartley, West Tamar, Tasmania’. Give by his executors to the University Library in 1952. Cent Rare QD 25 .C66 1600. John Calvin, Homiliae in I Librum Samuelis, pr. Gabriel Carterius, Geneva, 1604. Contemporary Oxford blindstamped binding. On the title page is an early monogram HL (or GIL). From the Library of Christ College: 1848 Catalogue. Uncatalogued. John Calvin, Operum omnium theologicorum Tomi quinti pars tertia (Commentaries on the Pauline and Canonical Epistles), pr. Apud Iohannem Vignon, Petrum & Iacobum Chouet, Geneva, 1617. Contemporary Oxford blind-stamped binding. On the title page an early monogram GL. From the Library of Christ College: 1848 Catalogue. Uncatalogued.

Items in existence in 1983, not found now: Iohannes van Meurs (Meursius), Criticus Arnobianus, 2nd edn., pr. Ludovicus Elzevir [Ioannes Balduini], Leiden, 1599. Adams M-1378. Said to have been in the University Library; it does not figure in the current catalogue. Cicero, De Oratore, Italian translation (Il dialogo dell’oratore di Cicerone), pr. Gabriel Giolito de Ferrari, Venice, 1547. Adams C-1713. Said to have been at Christ College.

State Library of Tasmania, Hobart

Iacobus Magni, Sophologium, pr. Adolf Rusch, Strassburg, c. 1470. Hain 10472. A bifolium (pp. 76-7, 92-3), bought by William Crowther from the bookseller Alan G. Thomas of Bournemouth. CRO 090. MAG. Plutarch, Lives, in Latin, pr. Nicholas Jenson, Venice, 1478. As for p. 27 above. Four pages, bought by William Crowther from the bookseller Alan G. Thomas of Bournemouth. CRO 090. PLU. Iacobus de Voragine, Legenda Aurea in English, pr. Julyan Notary, n. p., 1504. STC 24877. A single leaf (fo. lxix) from the Lyf of Saynt Benet, bought by William Crowther from Charles W. Traylen of Guildford in 1942. CRO 090. VOR. Jerome, Opera, ed. Desiderius Erasmus, 9 vols. in 4, pr. Iohann Froben, and Hieronymus Froben and Nicholas Episcopius, Basel, 1524-1537. Adams J-115-17. Previously owned by William Crowther, who obtained it at the sale of the library of the Compassionate Fathers, ‘Wendover’, Risdon Rd., Hobart, c. 1940-41. CRO 281. 4 HIE. Iacobus de Voragine, Legenda Aurea in English, pr. Wynkyn de Worde, [London], 1527. STC 24880. Ten consecutive leaves (ff. cvi-cx) from the Lives of Secundus, Mary of Egypt, Ambrose and Alphege, with woodcuts, bought by William Crowther from H. E. Evans & Son, Melbourne, in 1942. CRO 090. DEW. Geoffrey Chaucer, Canterbury Tales, ed. W. Thynne, pr. Thomas Godfrey, n. p., 1532. STC 5068, the first folio printing. A leaf (fo. ccxliiii) from The seconde boke of Boecius, bought by William Crowther from the bookseller Alan G. Thomas of Bournemouth. CRO 090. CHA.

123


Geoffrey Chaucer, Canterbury Tales, pr. W. Bonham for R. Grafton, n. p., 1542. STC 5069, the second folio printing. A bifolium (ff. cxxxv-cxxxvi; Romaunt of the Rose), bought by William Crowther from the bookseller Alan G. Thomas of Bournemouth. CRO 090. CHA. Quintilian, Institutiones, pr. Robertus Stephanus (Robert Estienne), Paris, 1542. Adams Q-64. Qto. Used to press botanical specimens. Bookcase Q 870. QUI. Franciscus Patricius, De discorsi del Reverendo Monsignor Francesco Patritii Sanese Vescovo Gaiettano sopra alle cose appartenenti ad una citta libera, e famiglia nobile, tradotti in lingua toscana da Giovanni Fabrini Fiorentino, pr. In casa de’ figliuoli di Aldo, Venice, 1545. Adams P-443. Owned by William Crowther. CRO 310. 1 PAT. Francesco Colonna, Hypnerotomachia Poliphili, pr. Paulus Manutius, Venice, 1546. A bifolium, bought by William Crowther from the bookseller Alan G. Thomas of Bournemouth in 1962. CRO 090. COL. Erasmus, Paraphrase of the New Testament, in English, vol. 2, pr. Edward Whitchurche, London, 1549. STC 2854. 6. A leaf (fo. xl) from Romans 15, bought by William Crowther from the bookseller Alan G. Thomas of Bournemouth. CRO 090. ERA. Bible in English (‘Matthew’ version), part 2 (The second parte of the byble, containyng Josua ... Hiob), pr. John Daye and William Seres, [London], 1549. STC 2087. 2. A leaf (fo. lxiii) from 2 Kings 18-20, bought by William Crowther from the bookseller Charles W. Traylen of Guildford in 1942. CRO 090. BIB. Carolus Sigonius, Regum, Consulum, Dictatorum ac Censorum Romanorum Fasti, pr. Paulus Manutius, Venice, 1555. Adams S-1115. Bound with Henricus Glareanus, Chronologia sive Temporum Supputatio in omnem Romanam Historiam ..., pr. Hieronymus Froben and Nicholas Episcopius, Basel, 1535. Continuous pagination throughout in an early hand. Inside the front board is the name J. W. Rivington. Over it is the bookplate of Mahinda College, Galle, Ceylon, with ‘F. L. Woodward 1911’ written on it. Acquired by William Crowther, presumably from Woodward. Crowther collection, uncatalogued. Novum Testamentum Bezae, Latin and Greek, pr. Nicholas Barbier and Thomas Courteau, Basel, 1560. Contemporary Continental binding of blind-stamped calf over reversebevelled wooden boards. Formerly two straps from the rear 124

board to catches at the front. On the verso of the title page is ‘Sam. Lowthion. Jan. 14 C 1690’, ‘Revd. Robt. Austen D: D: 1722’, ‘Revd. Robt. Austen L. L. B. 1803’. In the Launceston Public Library by 1943. Uncatalogued. Thomas Lanquet, Cooper’s Chronicle, pr. [in the house of the late T[homas] Berthelette], London, 1560. STC 15218. At the foot of the title page is ‘Thomas Kniytoun’, 16th-cent. At the foot of fo. a2 ‘Liber Matt. Hughes precium 5 s.’, 16th-cent. With the plate of the bookseller Reckitt of Wigan. An armorial bookplate has been removed from inside the front board. 094. 1 LAN. Iustus Lipsius, Inscriptionum Antiquarum ... Liber, pr. ‘ex officina Plantiniana apud Francescum Raphelengium’, Leiden, 1588. Adams L-795. Bookcase E 471. 7. LIP. Theodore Beza, Propositions and Principles of Divinitie, pr. R. Waldegrave, Edinburgh, 1595. STC 2054. Missing leaves at each end. Heavily annotated in an early hand. The names Mary Hanbry and John Hanbury appear more than once. On p. 128 ‘John Hanbury his book 1657 1658’. With the bookplates of Thomas Giblin and William Crowther. CRO. 230. BEZ. Bible in Latin, with the notes of Immanuel Tremellius and Franciscus Iunius &c., pr. G. B[ishop], R. N[ewbery] and R. B[arker], London, 1592-3. STC 2061. 5. On the title page is the early name Edw Stokes. STACK Q 220. 47 BIB. Cornelis de Houtman, The Description of a Voyage made by certaine Ships of Holland into the East Indies, with their Adventures and Successe, transl. W. Phillip, pr. John Wolfe, London, 1598. STC 15193. With the bookplate of Boies Penrose. ALLPORT 991 DES.

State Library of Tasmania, Launceston

Cicero, Tusculan Diputations, pr. apud Vascosanum, Paris, 1549. Adams C-1806. Bound with (1) Cicero, Epistolae Duae, pr. Andreas Wechelus, Paris, 1564, and (2) Cicero, De Fato, pr. Andreas Wechelus, Paris, 1565. Adams C-1831. Early vellum binding; an inscription on the first title page shows that all the items were together by c. 1600. Inside the front board is written ‘C. B. TRIN: COLL: CAMB: 1779’. Inside is the bookplate of Charles Boddam. (Boddam owned University of Wales Lampeter, Founders Library, MS VII, while at Trinity College in 1782.) On the first title page is the name William Tyson Jnr., dated 25 March 1867. LSC. PLR 878. 01 CIC.


Cornelis de Houtman, The Description of a Voyage made by certaine Ships of Holland into the East Indies, pr. John Wolfe, London, 1598 (see p.124). Overleaf: a selection of printer’s marks from books featured in the exhibition. 125


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f

rom manuscript to print Rodney M. Thomson


from manuscript to print

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ISBN 978 1 86295 483 0 From manuscript to print provides a description of all western manuscripts and early printed books to 1600 held in the University of Tasmania Library, the State Library of Tasmania and St. David’s Cathedral, Hobart. It is also the catalogue of an exhibition displaying many of these items held at the University Library, December 2008 - January 2009. The book has one hundred and twenty eight pages, in full colour, with over 270 illustrations. Rodney Thomson is Professor of Medieval History in the School of History & Classics, University of Tasmania. He is the author of many books and papers on medieval books and learning, including descriptive catalogues of the manuscripts at Lincoln, Hereford and Worcester Cathedrals, and Merton College Oxford. To order your copy complete and return this form to: School of History and Classics, University of Tasmania, Private Bag 81, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia 7001. Name: __________________________________________ Address: _____________________________________________ ________________________________ P/code: ______________ State: ___________ Country: ________________ From Manuscript to Print $45 x Quantity [ ] Plus postage per book: $ 3.50 (within Australia) Total (includes GST)

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From Manuscript to Print  

From Manuscript to Print by Rodney M. Thomson, provides a description of all western manuscripts and early printed books to 1600 held in the...

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