Book Reviews and Notices was another acerbic issue, with regard both to church services and the school curriculum. Hostilities simmered and tempers flared. Five fistlights erupted during the community's short life. Unity of spirit was never achieved. Perhaps with more effective leadership, matters would have been different. Benjamin Brown, organizer and self-appointed leader of the Clarion colony, possessed the vision and charisma to succeed in this difficult role, but his effectiveness was ultimately compromised by a natural intransigence, an unfortunate arrogance in his professed but questionable knowledge of western agriculture, and a scandalous extramarital affair with the sister of one of his fellow colonists. The character sketch and analysis of this man, who stayed in Utah after the Clarion failure and figured prominently in the state's agricultural history, is another example of Goldberg's historical craftsmanship. If the Cooley article developed the Clarion story within the context of Utah settlement history, Goldberg's book develops it within the context of international Jewish resettlement his-
295 tory. His first chapter sketches Jewish conditions in late nineteenth-century Russia, from where most of the Clarion farmers emigrated, and lends much to our understanding of their attitudes, motivations, and values. His second chapter treats Jewish immigrant life in the industrial cities of the eastern United States and completes the setting for the Back to the Soil stage. Series editor Charles Peterson provides the final contextual ingredient in his introduction as he looks at early twentieth-century agrarian history, both nationally and regionally. His essay reflects the perceptive analysis and vivid narrative that we have come to expect from that distinguished scholar. A few months ago, Back to the Soil was judged co-winner of the annual Utah Centennial Series prize in competition sponsored by the University of Utah Press. It is an honor well deserved.
STANFORD J . LAYTON
Utah State Historical Society
Bombs in the Backyard: Atomic Testing and American Politics. By A. COSTANDINA TITUS. (Reno and Las Vegas: University of Nevada Press, 1986. xiv + 214 pp. $19.95.) In her preface the author sets a double function for the book. First it is to give the generalist interested in contemporary history and persons interested in victims of fallout ample material. It also sets out to present a "coherent, even a predictable" story in an interpretive framework for the specialist. After a chapter on pre-WWII cooperation and sharing of information among the scientists of all nations, the book moves to American policy and American actions. It follows our shifts in policy and attitudes but points out
four things in those policies that have much continuity: emphasis on security or secrecy; great concern for developing public opinion to support enlarging our nuclear bomb potential; and a low priority or low emphasis on the possibility and the dangers of radiation. The fourth topic is the reluctance of the government to assume responsibility and liability for harm from radiation. More attention is paid here to changes over time in the government's attitude. Related to this point is the marked difference in the government's position toward accepting responsi-