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The Gazette A PRINT MEDIA CLASS PUBLICATION

SUMMER 2013

MAY 7, 2013 -AUGUST 10, 2013

Sauti magazine CAREER FAIR: Industry captains grace the annual event Pages 2, 3, 5

INSIDE THIS ISSUE

Corporate leaders on secrets of success In the quest for entrepreneurial knowledge and skills, USIU students flocked the library bookshop to hear from the horse’s mouth.

Page 2 Varsity launches new IT, science courses The United States International University is set to start offering courses in science, technology, engineering and mathematics commonly referred to as STEM, Vice Chancellor Freida Brown said during the 35th graduation held at the university grounds on August 17.

Page 4 Accountant with passion for radio

Flames make history in regional games Page 16

Private universities set to lose out in new law Engineering, medical students to pay more as State withdraws its tuition fee subsidies BY LAWRENCE NZUVE

The recently enacted Universities Act could see an unprecedented number of students joining private universities in Kenya unable to pay for their fees. This follows a government proposal to reduce subsidies in a new fees structure expected to see engineering and medical students pay higher fees than their arts counterparts in institutions of higher learning. Under the arrangement, lecturers teaching the same subjects will also be paid higher. A board is being set up to oversee the changes. The Education Cabinet Secretary, Prof. Jacob Kaimenyi,

USIU vice chancelloer Freida Brown with US ambassador to Kenya Robert F. Godec (back right) at the 35th graduation ceremony on August 17. nick thuita

says, “Recruitment of the members of the board that shall set the particular amounts for unitcosting is under way. We expect that the board shall be functional in three months”. The Universities Act will see the establishment of a univer-

sities fund to determine the amount that will be paid in each degree program. This is where the devil is in the details. The Kenya Association of Private Universities (KAPU), however, feels that the said unit costing will distort enrolment in

both public and private universities. “The differentiated unit cost should reflect actual average costs of degree programmes and not just what is in the public sector since it is subsidized,” said KAPU chairperson, Prof. Freida Brown, the vice chancellor of United States International University (USIU). The biggest losers in this arrangement will therefore be students in private universities. “In theory, degree programmes will be costing the same as right now to students in public universities since it is subsidized already. However, for students in private universities, they will still be forced to pay more since private universities must meet their own costs of running their institutions,” Prof. Brown told The Gazette in an interview. The vice chancellor disclosed CONTINUED ON PAGE 4 >>

Scholars blame graft for Africa woes By michael manyibe and wanyama wafula

University FM presenter juggles between fulltime job and studio decks to entertain a loyal listener base.

Page 8 Dr Willie Butler speaks at the event.

A recent conference held at the United States International University (USIU) identified corruption as an major obstacle to development in Africa. Speaking at the Model African Union forum organised by the Youth Alliance for Leader-

ship and Development in Africa (Yalda), USIU lecturer Ngure wa Mwachofi spoke on Africa renaissance and a need to curb corruption to boost development. “In my global travels, I found out that where there are minerals, there is poverty for the locals. As a result, I coined the term the Rich Country Poor People (RCPP) Syndrome. I established

that this was the case because the political, economic and legal systems are set up by those in power, and the rest play by those rules,” said Dr. Mwachofi. He referred to the recent Transparency International report on graft that ranked Rwanda as the least corrupt country in Africa and 13th least corrupt CONTINUED ON PAGE 4 >>


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Gazette Summer 2013

NEWS | EVENTS | UPDATES

Business leaders share the secrets of success Corporate chiefs advise students on how to find bearing in life after school By michael manyibe

In the quest of entrepreneurial knowledge and skills, USIU students flocked the library bookshop to hear from the horse’s mouth. Young entrepreneurs Laura Akunga, the CEO, Benchmark Solutions Ltd and Kamal Budhabhatti, CEO Craft Silicon were chief guests on an event organized by AIESEC, an international students’ organization that operates in 13 countries around the globe. AISEC’s objective is to activate entrepreneurial leadership for the youth. Craft Silicon, which exports software to 40 countries around the world, has offices in the Kenya, US, Nigeria, India, and Tanzania. Benchmark Solutions Ltd is a leading marketing and branding company which saw Akunga win the prestigious young entrepreneur award in South Africa. The Government of Kenya has granted Benchmark Solutions Ltd 70 acres in Konza City. Ms. Akunga who left her well-paying job at Safaricom to start a joint business with a

USIU student Johnson Kayode asks a question during the Career Fair last Summer Semester where corporate chiefs advised students on career and business options. LAWRENCE nzuve

friend, advised students to be risk-takers if they wanted to succeed in the corporate world. “I was only 19 while studying finance and marketing at USIU when I was employed by Safaricom at a starting salary of Sh98,000. After a few months, I became the employee of the year. Despite the success I still left my job. My mother was furious at me and called in people to convince me not to leave Safaricom, but I had made up my mind,” said Akunga. She also added that for one to be an entrepreneur one should be able to point out an opportunity and utilize it to one’s

advantage. “While working at Safaricom I observed that the company was spending Sh50,000 per day on merchandise and product branding. This sparked a business idea in my mind. The motivation to fill this gap inspired me to start a product branding company. Together with a likeminded friend we started S & L Company,” recalled Akunga. In 2007 during the General Election campaign period, they raked in Sh88 million. After 2007, when S & L dissolved, Akunga founded her own company, Benchmark Solutions Ltd. The firm deals in branding and

marketing and currently operates in nine other countries around the world. “Do something you love because business is about challenges, which always arise. Don’t start a business to make money. This mindset will earn you nothing. Continue working and money will follow,” advised Mr. Budhabhatti. “Endeavour to avoid Plan Bs because they tend to reduce concentration on plan A.” Regarding partnerships with other people or businesses, especially during the formative years, he reiterated: “If at all, one should collaborate, he/she should be very careful on the choice of partner.” “Customers are clueless. You cannot depend on customers’ feedback when launching a new product, because customers are always reluctant to accept a new product, especially when there is already a similar product in the market,” he said. Mr. Budhabhatti, a college dropout, said it was advisable for CEO to hire people who are smarter than they are and build on what they are good at, and leave their weak areas to other people. He added that picking fights with employees is good idea because they always decide to work harder, which in the end increases the company’s productivity. “Keep your costs at the very low during the formative years,” Ms. Akunga responded when asked how she managed to pay her employees during the early stages of the business.

Mentors urge young men to ‘man-up’ By Wanyama wafula

“If you want to succeed as bad, as you want to breathe under water, then you‘ll succeed.” This is what Paddy Mwangi’s friend and mentor wanted him to learn when he intentionally submerged him in a pool of water. Mr. Mwangi, now a mentor, was narrating his inspiring story when he spoke during the Man-up talks organized by the Black History Month committee at the university’s auditorium on June 26. The event sought to educate students, especially men, to play their rightful roles in the society. Other speakers who graced

Mr Paddy Mwangi speaks at the ‘Man-Up’ talks in June. lawrence nzuve

the event include film director and screenplay writer Jinna Mutune and cultural filmmaker Rodgers Cheruiyot. This group of young entrepreneurs co-founded the Bamong’o

Foundation, which aims to empower men. They mentor young people to achieve their dreams and aspirations. “The objective (of Man-up talk series) was to eradicate gender-based violence and explore masculinity in African men,” said Stanley Kpenkaan, the chairperson of Black History Month this year. As Mr. Mwangi and a colleague studied in Britain, they invented a chewable toothbrush after they saw a man countercheck his breathe before kissing a lady. They patented the idea and later sold it to Oral-B. Today, out of their little in-

vention, more than 70 million toothbrushes have been sold around the world. According to Mr. Mwangi, you can get a mentor, but first you must exhibit your desires. By engaging with what you love, you become successful. “Mentorship is free but coaching is paid for. You pay with time and passion,” said Mr. Mwangi. Mr. Cheruiyot, while responding to questions about theatre, advised upcoming filmmakers to concentrate on positive African stories, and not just crime, poverty, disease, or war as the West has always stereotyped Africa.

BRIEFS USIU among Africa’s top ten business schools The African Business Review has ranked USIU’s Chandaria School of Business eighth among the top ten business schools in Africa. USIU is the second among the three East African business schools appearing on the list, the others being the University of Dar es Salaam Business School (fourth) and the University of Nairobi Business School (ninth). SouthAfrica dominated the top 10 with the University of Cape Town ranked first,followed by University of Pretoria,WITS University (third), University of South Africa Graduate School of Business Leadership (fifth) , University of Stellenbosch Business School(6),and the Management College of SouthernAfrica(7).

USIU, Amref sign deal to train healthcare workers

The United States International University and the Africa Medical and Research Foundation (Amref) onAugust 1 signed an agreement to launch a Global Executive Master of Business Administration in Health Leadership at Management at the NGO’s InternationalTraining Centre and Headquarters in Nairobi. According to a statement by university on its website,the Executive MBA targets health professionals in equipping them with skills to effectively manage health systems in a dynamic environment.

Red Cross Club, St John hold first aid training The Red Cross club organized a two day training to enlighten students on ways to save lives in case of emergencies. A number of students attended the event which was presided over by members of the St.John Ambulance team who furnished them with first aid knowledge. At the end of the training, every participant was issued with mini first aid kits from the same organization since they were fully backed on saving lives. A few books on how save lives, published by the same organization, served as token of appreciation to interactive participants throughout the training.


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Gazette Summer 2013

NEWS | EVENTS | UPDATES

Placement office aids alumni in job hunt Employers contact facility for graduates in search of the best talent to recruit by gertrude bosire

The thrill of being a senior is short-lived. Students are soon met with the realization that they have to get a job and for most of them, where to start is the biggest challenge. The Placement and Career Services (PACS) office started running in May 2013. Initially, the Counseling Centre provided career services to students, but now, the outfit operates under the university’s Student Affairs Division. Lillian Bogonko, the Head of Placement and Career Services made clear the difference between the Counseling Centre and the PACS office which many students often mistake to be one entity. “While the career office under counseling center specifically dealt with CV and interview preparation skills, as well as career counseling in general, PACS has broadened its areas of focus.” PACS is responsible for placement and recruitment of students where the office links students with employers. Mentorship is also an area where the office is interested in as it seeks

USIU Head of Placement and Career Services Lilian Bogonko. LAWRENCE nzuve

to connect students to individuals that will guide them in their academic, personal and career decisions. Students also get to learn interviewing and CV writing skills that equip them with knowledge on how to search for a job. The office is there to also listen and guide students in identifying career options and also equip them with knowledge and skills to actualize their ideas. Students are also encouraged to attend the networking workshops as they are aimed at

Power to read

helping them acquire and build social capital. PACS makes use of these workshops to educate students on the value of social networks, especially when it comes to seeking employment,said Ms Bogonko. Though it has been in existence for less than a year, the PACS head says the office has achieved a lot within the shot span of time. “Many students have secured jobs through the office in companies like Radio Africa, Telkom Kenya, Eco bank,

the office seeks to identify gaps that need addressing, in order to better the relationship between USIU and the companies. This way, links are strengthened and students who participate already have networks they can exploit. Applying for a job and getting it is rewarding. The market is flooded with jobseekers who basically have similar qualifications, hence stiff competition that renders many unemployed. The other option is self-employment. The problem is how to start without initial capital. The PACS office can help students achieve this goal. Ms. Bogonko said that many students have good business ideas and all they need is guidance to grow their ventures. The office is equipped with staff that understands the job market. “Because of this, it enables us to encourage students to think beyond employment and seek to be employers.” Working closely with the PACS office will broaden the career scope of students and also help them create links that will be beneficial to them even in future. Visit the office at the Counseling Centre or contact them on careeroffice@usiu.ac.ke or on 020 3606515/162 to gain from the services.

Centre recycles waste oil by michael manyibe

US Ambassador to Kenya Robert F. Godec with Ms Sonie Nyaga, a graduand during USIU’s 35th graduation ceremony on August 17. nick thuita

Ericson, Bidco, KK security, UAP, Raiser and many more,” said Ms Bogonko. Ms. Bogonko also noted that only few of the students who get employment through the office remember to give feedback. Potential employers contact the school through the office for students to recruit. In such cases, the office ensures they get who they want either by first interviewing the eligible students or asking students to apply directly and be interviewed by the employers. “Other times,” said Ms. Bogonko, “We receive jobs through our staff and faculty members then advertise for students to apply directly.” The key objective of the office is to get students jobs, regardless of whether they have graduated or not. This is why the office holds an annual Career Fair, where employers come and recruit from a ready pool of talent. “It is an event we hold dear and we hope to grow and make it bigger,” she said. “Our alumni also participate either as employers or to simply encourage our students not to give up and to push and maximize on their time in campus.” There is also follow-up made to find out from companies that recruit USIU students about their progress is in terms of performance. By doing this,

The United States International University (USIU) prides itself of having a model research centre that aims at revolutionizing research in sustainable development in the region. The Sustainable Development Initiative Centre (SUDIC), the environmental research vehicle at USIU was established in 2005 under the auspices of the Research and Academic Program Development Centre at USIU. The centre was formed to enable the university to actively participate and contribute to the achievement of partnerships with international, regional, national institutions as well as local government departments,

private entrepreneurs, NGOs, and other academic institutions. The research centre aims at providing the much-needed impetus for research, knowledge and awareness of sustainable development in the developing economies of East Africa. Sustainable development refers to a mode of human development in which resource use aims to meet human needs while preserving the environment so that these needs can be met not only in the present, but also for generations to come. “The idea was that if you want to define the research agenda for the university you don’t start from top down, but you start with the faculty and establish what their niches or interests are. Then, coalesce them around

a certain concept, in this case SUDIC, sustainable development,” said Prof Wambalaba, the deputy vice chancellor in charge of research at USIU. SUDIC is currently undertaking a number of projects. Some of these initiatives include bio-fuel project, Kajiado Women’s Milk Project, Usalama Viwandani, paper recycling, and Agshare. “The idea was to use waste oil which is normally thrown into the drainage causing all manner of problems, particularly when it solidifies it blocks drainage pipes,” said Prof. Max Muniafu, the director of SUDIC in reference to the bio-fuel project. Prof. Muniafu said that the waste oil is converted to bio-fuel is obtained from hotels.


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Gazette Summer 2013

NEWS | EVENTS | UPDATES

Academics blame graft for poverty in Africa FROM PAGE 1 >>

nation in the world after Sierra Leone, Liberia and Yemen. The anti-corruption watchdog observed that without involving citizens in the fight against the vice, bribery would not be eliminated. He cited countries experiencing RCPP as Australia, South Africa, parts of the US and Kishushe in Taita Taveta County of Kenya. He said that despite these regions having minerals, poverty levels are high. The communications expert challenged the youths to be good role models. “Change starts with self and then society; if you have good morals and ethics you can influence the rest to emulate you,” said Dr Mwachofi. USIU deputy vice chancellor Institutional Affairs and Planning Willie Butler outlined the history of the Pan-Africanism movement, starting from 1897 to date. He said the movement’s main aim was to unite Africans, not only in the continent but also black people around the world. The event attracted delegates from the rest of Africa. USIU students representing other nations debated on Africa’s problems and suggested solution. On democracy in Africa, a delegate from Ghana said the practice should not be defined from the perspective of the West. A representative of Mozambique argued: “Democracy started in Africa but not in Europe. Europeans adopted it from Egypt, therefore Africa needs to ignore the ingredients added by the west in the definition of democracy.” A Tunisian delegate spoke on the role of the Arab Spring, a revolution that swept across northern Africa and parts of the Middle East and resulted in freedom of press, expression and speech. “Democracy can be defined as a situation where people are free politically, socially and economically,” explained an Ethiopian delegate. Rwandan representative said that democracy in a capitalist country does not exist since money rules over everything.

Graduands during the USIU 35th graduation ceremony at the university grounds. More than 1,200 graduands were awarded degrees during the event. nick thuita

Law to cost private varsities

FROM PAGE 1 >>

that the government plans to give grants to students whose degree courses are in line with its Vision 2030 blue print leaving the rest to scramble for the limited loans towards the payment of their education. This, she feels will be a big

challenge since the Higher Education Loans Board scheme offers students a maximum of Sh60,000 in loans and of this amount the highest USIU students get is Sh40,000. Prof. Brown, however, is quick to add that the govern-

Enrolment in select kenyan private universities (2010/2011) 2,004

3,783

7,158

3,149

3,651 3,149

source: knbs

ment is free to fund those courses it feels are helpful to fulfill its mandate. “The way out is for private sector to negotiate for a higher allocation rate for the degrees so that when students join private universities, they are not required to dig deeper in their pockets to pay more which will then disadvantage them against their public universities counterparts,” she says Prof. Brown. All is not gloom though since the universities fund will determine a voucher system that would give students a wider choice of degree programmes. Former Higher Education PS Crispus Kiamba had said earlier that this system would allow a student to pursue a course in a university of his or her choice

unlike now when Joint Admissions Board makes the choices for those who qualify for higher education after secondary school education based on performance rather than preference. On the ability of the government to fund its institutions, Prof. Brown said that the funding was not commensurate with the average student population currently given that the mid-level institutions have now been roped in and would qualify for government funding. The move is in line with the establishment of Kenya Universities and Colleges Central Placement Service that would see private universities eligible to participate in the selection of students to join various institutions of higher learning.

USIU to launch science, IT courses by LAWRENCE NZUVE

The United States International University is set to start offering courses in science, technology, engineering and mathematics commonly referred to as STEM, Vice Chancellor Freida Brown said during the 35th graduation held at the university grounds on August 17. To this end, the university has set aside Sh500 million to start a science laboratory for

the project. Across the globe, countries are looking at STEM programmes to transform their societies. Kenya is no exception,” said Prof Brown. More than 1,200 graduands received Bachelor and Masters degrees in a colourful ceremony that was graced by United States of America Ambassador to Kenya H.E Robert F. Godec. Ambassador Godec thanked USIU for inviting him to be part of the commencement ceremony.

Said His Excellency Godec: “You are graduating from university at a particularly significant moment in history. While it is true that all moments in history are important, some moments are more important than others.  In Kenya, this is one of those more important moments.  For Kenya is at a turning point.  And at any turning point, there are both opportunities and risks.  As young men and women, it will be your challenge to seize

these opportunities and face these risks as you seek to make Kenya – and the world – a better place for everyone”. Degrees awarded included 930 Bachelors degrees (304 Bachelor of Arts and 626 Bachelor of Science) and 333 Masters (43 Executive Master of Science in Organizational Development, 68 Global Executive Master of Business Administration, 173 Master of Business Administration and 43 Master of Arts).


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Gazette Summer 2013

NEWS | EVENTS | UPDATES

Safaricom chief executive tips students on career path options Top company executives grace this year’s event by Michael Manyibe and Wanyama WAFULA

“The world is at your feet, all you need to do is walk.” This was the theme of the career fair week summer 2013 organized by the Placement and Career Services. The three-day event, which was held between July 9 and 11 at the auditorium, was graced by Bob Collymore, the Safaricom chief executive, Kenafric’s Mikul Shah, Infotrac’s Angela Ambitho, Godowns Centre’s Joy Mboya and other high profile corporate chiefs and entrepreneurs. “You should not think or go looking for jobs; instead, think of being an entrepreneur. Today, there is a good business environment, technological advancement and social economic diversity due to youth and customers demands.” urged Mr Collymore. In addition, he advised students to have a clear goal of what their career path should be and consider their appropriate strong areas and competencies. He likened making the wrong career choice as “putting the ladder on a wall, just to discover it is a wrong

wall”.“Sell yourself by figuring out what makes you marketable. Do not try something that you are not, be yourself. Continue to be marketable not to the CEO only but also people around you co-workers and even the outside public,” added Mr Collymore. The CEO also warned students to be careful on what they post on social media because it could reach a third party. However, he said that it is the most powerful platform for networking. Mr Collymore urged students to take networking seriously as the more one networks, the greater the chances of landing one’s dream job. Once an individual has secured a job, Mr Collymore advised, the person must be flexible and ahead of the boss to make an impact on the organization. He added that it is prudent for one to offer to do some work before he/she asked as well as share solutions with one’s boss but not problems. “You will gain much more respect if you bounce back from your mistakes. challenges at workplace because it is

BY LAWRENCE nZUVE

Safaricom CEO Bob Collymore with USIU vice-chancellor Freida Brown during Career Fair Week in July. LAWRENCE NZUVE

the best way for them to discover their talent. “It is a tough environment for employees; you have to choose who you work for, have clear goals and be resourceful,” added Mr Collymore. Mr Shah emphasized on the importance of having a mentor, whether one is a student or an entrepreneur. He narrated his tribulations in his search for one, which in-

cluded boarding the plane which his potential mentor was travelling in, just to have a chat with him. Apprentice Africa contestant and entrepreneur Joyce Mbaya said: “Imagine your success path harnessing your imagination to understand yourself, realize your purpose and see the strongest element. It is about realizing your personalities.”

Institutions partner to spur enterprise by michael manyibe

Colorado State University and USIU have started a post graduate certificate course aimed at encouraging students initiate their own businesses as opposed to looking for jobs. The course known as the Global Social and Sustainable Enterprise has four major aims. First, solve economic, environmental and social problem using cutting-edge entrepreneurship strategies. Second, to form venture teams that build and develop international enterprise, to produce high returns on all three bottom line — people, planet and profit. And also to tackle global economic development

challenges through real world project experience. Scholars from the two universities engaged in a panel discussion held at USIU that mainly centred on the Kenya-US business relations. Panellists cited corruption as one that deters trade between Africa and the US. “Obama has put up strategies to boost Africa –US trade partnerships,” said one of the panellists from Colorado, defending his home government that it was ignoring Africa. “One should establish contacts with government agencies, build partnerships, set up a website and develop a quality control mechanism,” advised another panellist. “Find your market,

Exhibition features for first time at jobs event

know your target customers, get your portfolio as wide as possible out there.” Panellists also highlighted challenges of engaging in bilateral trade. Some of the challenges involve the starting capital, research and economic resources and understanding the difficulties concerning knowledge, experiences, and understanding. During the event, Zola Baraka, the owner of Mazao Business, which deals in handicraft and other household items shared tips on how to get contacts. Ms Baraka said that she established contacts through participating in trade fairs and sometimes with sheer luck. She recalled how a stranger

on the Internet provided her thousands of contacts at a fee of $100. Ms Baraka said that main buyers are in the United Kingdom, United States, including TJ, and Mama Max. Meanwhile, the USIU and the Business Daily newspaper recently launched a business plan writing competition for East African youths. According to the paper, the competition seeks entrants with socially concious and sustainable business ideas. Winners of the competition will be featured in the paper and awarded USAid scholarships for graduate studies in entrepreneurship at USIU and Colorado State University.

The recent USIU career fair was no doubt one of the best attended and organised. However, the real action was on the sidelines of the career fair, precisely at the tents as students passed by the various tents to sample and grab freebies for themselves. However, a cross-section of the exhibitors expressed disappointment about the low turnout of student at their various stands. The Institute of Human Resource’s Lydia Mbaka said, last year’s exhibition had a higher student turnout than this year’s.

Products displayed It was a similar story with Bidco’s Joyce Wamuyu. The HR official, who was exhibiting for the company, said the perception that they were showcasing products may have contributed to the low turnout. According Allan Muka, director of operations at Recours 4 Kenya Consultants, a job placements consultancy, most of the students were not keen on what they had to offer. However, knowing the ‘peculiar habits’ of students, Mr Muka and his staff set out to woo and even cajole them to just stop and listen. This paid off later as the turnout was a huge one. And on why many jobseekers missed out on opportunities he said: “It was the way jobseekers presented their CVs rather than the content, which made prospective employers dismiss them.” Dignitaries who addressed students were Safaricom chief executive Bob Collymore, Linksoft Group boss Anthony Wahome, motivational speaker Joyce Mbaya, Infotrack’s Angela Ambitho, sports consultant Arnold Kanyang’onda, hotelier Kiran Jethwa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs official Lily Sambu and artistes Eric Wainaina and Godown Art Centre’s boss Joy Mboya.


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Gazette Summer 2013

OPINION | COMMENTARY | VIEWS

Lessons from JKIA fire The thick black smoke that rented the sky at Jomo Kenyatta International Airport (JKIA) was yet another powerful reminder that Kenya has not learnt from its past. Although it was not clear when exactly the airport fire began, our disaster response and policies need to be revamped in order to curb the recurrence of such incidents. Kenya has witnessed similar disasters severally but it seems the responsible quarters are not yet ready to deal with such tragedies. A lack of preparedness was also the case few years ago when the Nakumatt Downtown supermarket blaze and the Sinai fire occurred. The recent fire at JKIA exposed the government’s soft underbelly too. For the disaster management teams to function properly, the government must invest in training and equipment. With devolution in place, it is essential to create proper structures to ensure counties have adequate resources and expertise to deal with local disasters. The government should review the disaster management policy drafted in 2009 to proactively put in place measures to minimise disasters and their impacts should they happen. JKIA will not resume its normal operations for quite a long time after the inferno on August 7 that destroyed the international arrivals terminal. Coincidentally,this is the same date in 1998 Nairobi US embassy was bombed, killing more than 200 Kenyans. The consequences are immense since this is the beginning of the tourism season. JKIA serves as main gateway to Kenya and a significant air transport hub for the East and Central African regions. Therefore, the JKIA incident should serve as a wake up call for not only Kenya Airports Authority but also all public and private institutions to revamp the disaster management strategies.

Exam cheating reflects shaky values in society

Focus on entrepreneurship The series of entrepreneurship events during the Summer Semester served as a revelation to students harbouring business ambitions. A number of successful company CEOs and businesspersons offered essential insights including making appropriate career choices and sustaining the same. The events especially emphasized entrepreneurship as well the need for students to equip themselves with knowledge and skills to make them succeed in the business world. Indeed, we concur that students should use the knowledge acquired in school to create jobs rather than looking for employment. Currently, there are more than 20 universities where a large number of scholars graduate each year. On the other hand, the unemployment rate is at its worst, the youths being the most affected. These two reasons are the root causes of the influx of jobless graduates and escalating brain drain as Kenyans migrate abroad in search of greener pastures. We believe that continuous process of nurturing private enterprise culture in students will transform Kenya from agriculture-based to industrialized economy and help achieve the country’s development blueprint Vision 2030. In addition, establishment of more enterprises will curb insecurity rife in the country. Therefore, the university should ensure that the mentorship program continues by having in place a long-term action plan to ensure the noble initiative does not fail. It is only through action that such events will make sense and prove that the key speakers’ energy and time was worthwhile.

The Gazette Vice-chancellor - Prof. Freida Brown

Photo Editor - Lawrence Nzuve

SST Dean - Prof. Jimmy Macharia

Features Editor - Pamphillian Ochieno

Editorial Team:

Chief Sub-Editor - Silvia Mwendia

Editorial/Design Adviser - Simon Libafu

Sub-Editors - Kimani Nyoike, Grace Akatch

News Editor - Wanyama Wafula Sports Editor - Michael Manyibe

Michael manyibe

University graduates are considered the cream of society in any nation. The rest of society expects this privileged group to have undergone rigorous training and therefore has been equipped with necessary skills and knowledge that enable them to solve social, economic and political challenges in their countries. However, this perception is drastically changing following reports in the media that a large number of students, both undergraduate and graduate, pay a third party to write their theses, academic projects and answers for take-away assignments. To make an already bad situation worse, employers have expressed their reservations on the quality of work performed by graduates in their organizations, even those with Masters degrees. However, this is not news per se; cheating in scholarly work has been in our education system for ages. I therefore feel

the media and education stake- in which we define our moral holders are missing a point; the standards is messing us up. Our value system is shaky, focus should not be on cheating in our learning institutions, but and if we are to rejuvenate it, we on finding the root causes of the need a thorough re-evaluation of problem and suggest solutions the self, and then societal values. out of it. Our children in some way are So where did the rain start victims of the system. beating us? Recently, in one of Whenever the National Exmy classes, while discussing aminations are released, Kencorruption,we had a heated yans have witnessed the wits debate on whether toddlers used by Standard eight candiwere cordates in cheating. rupt; for inThe young canAs they proceed didates are already stance, when they demand extremely cunning to high school, to be given and treacherthe ‘cheeky’ something a ous for their age; students invent neighbour’s most of them aceven more sotually copy from child possess. phisticated ways their friends and This imsometimes sneak plies that of cheating in notes into the exchildren examinations amination room knowingly unnoticed. demanding what they do As they proceed not deserve is ‘deviating from the to high school, the ‘cheeky’ stuideal’ and therefore corrupt. It dents invent even more sophisdoes not matter the magnitude, ticated ways of cheating in excorruption is corruption. aminations and the unfortunate Opponents of this point circus continues. of view thought that toddlers We are all to blame for the are just curious and there was current rot in our education nothing wrong having the urge system. to discover new things in their Speedy measures should be surroundings. put in place to curb the vice The argument brought to the and educate the public on how fore the rot in our education sys- they can contribute towards tem; it actually emanates from a more credible education our value system. The loose way system.


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Gazette Summer 2013

OPINION | COMMENTARY | VIEWS

Proposed marriage Act not viable in Kenya

wanyama wafula

The marriage Bill 2013 is a true reflection of how modern relationships are bending towards materialism rather than commitment and trust as it were in traditional African marriage. The Bill, which is already before Parliament, provides new protection to couples in marriages in case of divorce. If approved, spouses will hold equal right to matrimonial property, polygamous marriages will be legalized and customary marriages will be compelled to registration. It baffles me to see state resources spent on creating laws that stipulates how marriages

should be ended with lawmakers spending long hours debating on the future of spouses. Emphasis should not only be on material possessions of married couples but also making the institution of marriage work without legal coercion. It is not by accident that the phrase “for better and for worse” is part of marriage vows. Marriage is a sacred union because it is rooted in the divine plan of creation. It solidifies relationships that enriched communities and nations by bring forth new life and hope. Our ancestors’ marriages were a natural course and there were no written covenants to spell out terms to be followed in case of separation. But nowadays, marriage has taken different shapes. The history of human civilization shows that the tradition of marriage that is independent of time, race, geography and culture. It means it is an aspect of civilization, humanity and hu-

man culture. You can marry in a church, a mosque, in the bush, by a priest, an Imam, attorney general, underwater, on a tree; the core thing in marriage is a contract of commitment with rules and regulations that represent the person’s culture. Thus, it is illogical to sign a marriage agreement while anticipating for a divorce. However, there are opposing views that the passage of time has resulted in a number of new hurdles in marriage. This is absolutely true, but it does not imply that there were no challenges in the past. The difference between now and then is on how marital problems are resolved. The Marriage Bill 2013 is not anywhere near to solving these problems. Instead, it provides a leeway in the up surge of marital separation by considering equal division of matrimonial wealth as a solution in case of a divorce. It is possible for people to get married without the basis of love but money as their first priority.

It is beyond reasonable doubt that marriage today is more dynamic than before. Various marital problems have stem up with regards to the today’s ever changing society. This may be as a result of technological advancement that has transformed the world into “global village.” Through several media, people are bombarded with information from all corners of the world, thus, the traditional culture fades as adoption of common, foreign or new culture occurs. This makes it more complex to comprehend the perceptions of partners who are about married. A man and a woman are nearly completely distinctive creatures, like day and night, specifically psychological aspect. A scientific report by Mike Rucker, points out the psychological difference between the opposite sexes. Men and women are from the same planet, however, there

are many differences between the brains of men and women. From the brain size to brain hemisphere, stress management to spatial abilities, relationships to emotions and many more. Women also tend to have a larger deep limbic system than men and are said to be more in touch with their feelings and better at expressing their emotions. This makes women better at connecting with others, but unfortunately they are also more prone to different types of depression. When faced with stressful situations, men usually employ ‘fight or flight’ tactics, while women use a ‘tend or befriend’ response that is rooted in their natural instincts for caring for their children and establishing strong group bonds. In a nut shell, we have to accept that it is impracticable to regulate marriage. Instead, let us stick to our traditions on marriage. And just a reminder, marriage is natural.

Rethink NYS plan for pre-varsity students

Lawrence nzuve

A few weeks ago, Kenya’s Senate passed a motion making the recruitment and the participation in the training at National Youth Service (NYS) compulsory for all young people prior to joining universities in the country. All high school graduates will be required to sign up for the NYS, a program that seeks to give young people vocational training, instil patriotism and empower them to help safeguard the country. However, this is a noble idea depending on what angle one takes. There is an acute shortage of capacity to even contemplate making this recruitment compulsory. Early in the year when former president Mwai Kibaki presided over the pass-out parade of 5,500 NYS graduates in Gilgil, he noted that the government would expand facilities to cater

for 10,000 recruits. forced to spent more in trainThis is a drop in the ocean ing centres since the increased considering that schools in Ken- number will stretch the facilities ya churn out tens of thousands already there. of students each year from the If not looked at properly, this various high schools and with could easily compromise the the expansion of training and render the whole exercise, learning facilities, More is exunnecessary. expected to even pected with soar. Furthermore, forcthe introducThe law reing people to join a tion of the training which they quires the governVAT bill which ment to expand may not willingly want is expected the necessary will foster resentment to directly facilities is not towards the program impact on enough consolaand only undertake it tion since the reas a requirement leadbasic needs cent upsurge of ing to poor uptake of satisfaction industrial unrest the skills acquired. has tested the There are also those young government barely three who feel that if the program is months after being in office. not accompanied by a job placeMore is expected with the in- ment and employment program troduction of the VAT bill which after graduating, then the skills is expected to directly impact on acquired could be used negabasic needs satisfaction. tively to cause a national security The government will also be nightmare.

As a matter of urgency, the government should address the issues that contribute to youths engaging in crime so that once trained, the same factors do not recur Coming at a time when social evils , imparting patriotism and sense of national duty will be promoted through the disciplined training. Trainees will also acquire vocational training which is missing in the current education set up is another positive thing that this training is expected to foster. Although it will be a lifeline for people who are unable to progress to colleges or universities due to financial challenges or inability to qualify for tertiary institutions, it will be interesting to see what policy the government adopts since most of the beneficiaries before have been orphans and destitute families.

They said Martin Luther King, Jr. (1929-1968) The function of education is to teach one to think intensively and to think critically. Intelligence plus character - that is the goal of true education.

Mark Twain (1835-1910) In the first place, God made idiots. That was for practice. Then he made school boards.


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Gazette Summer 2013

FEATURES | EVENTS | LIFESTYLE

Passion for radio sets accountant on path of broadcast journalism

Q. What was your first experience on live radio? A. The adrenaline rush! When the mic was raised and I was asked to speak live on air, I was thrown into disarray. My mind went totally blank and even my well rehearsed presentation and jokes could not come out. I asked my presenter “talk what?” Yet I was live on air and my listeners heard! The mic had to be faded off! My director however, calmed me down by assuring me that it was common for beginners to panic.

FM presenter juggles between fulltime job and studio decks to entertain a loyal listener base by Pamphillian Ochieno

I

n a world where everyone and everything is driven by materialism, Mohamed Gadafi, an accountant at USIU has taken the road less travelled. I was also taken aback after I stumbled on his recorded Taraab radio show on his Facebook page. He was so good that one would not be wrong to conclude that it is only a matter of time before he becomes a household name in our mainstream media. Here is an excerpt of an interview with the budding media personality.

Q. What steps have you taken to a train as a journalist? A. Currently I minor in Broadcast Journalism, I believe this blends well with my business background. Q. What challenges do you face as a USIU 99.9 FM presenter? A. Not all the time does USIU 99.5 FM presents news at the top of each hour, and yet, I am a Swahili presenter in a multicultural environment. Secondly, I wish USIU Radio was online as well. At times I wish I could be listened to by a wider population. However, due to the limited parameters set by the CCK, USIU radio remains a community radio. This means I only get a limited audience. Q. What do you find most challenging in broadcast journalism? A. To excel in broadcast you need to be up to speed with current affairs. You need to be the first one to deliver news. Listeners are ever demanding listeners. Otherwise, you will lose them. You must also be a good listener and abreast with the latest technology because listeners are tech-savvy.

Q. You have been an accountant for the past seven years, why a sudden venture into radio? A. I believe that God puts everyone on earth with a purpose. I had not found mine. Like many people, my calling came late. But I am glad I did. For, I believe it came at God’s perfect timing. Q. What ignited your interest in broadcast journalism? A. My very close friend is a journalist and works with a popular mainstream media. I have always admired his passion for the job. I guess it was somewhat infectious. He dared me to try it out. I did and surprisingly I liked it too. You know, naturally I like to joke a lot, and accounting is somewhat serious. The only time you get to have that Aha! moment, is when the double entry balances. I hit the jackpot the moment I held the mic. I have co-hosted in the local radio station,

USIU radio? A. Interestingly, it was by default. I had been trying in vain to get into the realms of local media for a while. However, they wanted me to give a demo tape and USIU has the facilities to record my demo. To my surprise, USIU had radio and television studios. The rest, as they say, is history. I now host “Dira ya USIU” on Saturdays from 11.00-1.00pm. For a while, USIU radio had been searching for a Swahili presenter in vain. I guess opportunity just meets the prepared.

Mohammed Gadafi aka ‘Mjukuu Asiyekuwa na Majuto’ behind the mic at USIU 99.9 FM studio. He works at the university. courtesy

and now I have my own show at USIU 99.9FM. Q. How do you find handling two careers? What is the distinction? A. Wow! I like being an accountant. Accounting is a noble profession but I must also say that it allows very minimal creativity from its monotony. However, at the end of the day, it is this profession that puts food on my table. On the other hand, journalism allows me a lot of creativity and freedom behind the mic. Journalism also allows one to brush shudders with all kind of people. Q.Tell me how you fast got involved with

Q. What’s the best and worst thing that ever happened to you while broadcasting? A. The best is when I was allowed to anchor at the USIU TV Studio in both Swahili and English language. My most memorable moment is when fans commended my good command of Swahili, a break from the twisted Swahili they were to and wanted to know who is Mjukuu Asiyekuwa Na Majuto. My worst moment is one day when I was about to read 7pm news on radio. A lady, not well known to me blocked me from reading news. She insinuated that reading news was not bequeathed of someone of my status. Q.If you could change one thing about journalism, what would that be? A. I wish journalists would concentrate more on developmental news. As well, other stake holders should be accorded the right to information.


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Gazette Summer 2013

FEATURES | EVENTS | LIFESTYLE

Cyber bullying classic example of Internet mob gone overboard Taking its cue from the widespread social media hate, Kenya has seen a spate of harassment on the Web By beryl Obiero

The Internet is a place to connect, spread love, share, meet­new people, interact­and enjoy. Why are we making the Internet a death trap? I am here to learn. To interact. To be taught. To laugh. To meet people and to have fun. End cyber bullying now.” ­­— Janet Mbugua, TV personality. This was the Citizen TV news anchor’s response to the massive attack that Mirfat Musa received online in response to her infamous appearance on KTN’s prime time dating show Tujuane. Many Kenyans joined the bandwagon on playful jibes at Musa who was renamed “Madharau Musa”. The public criticism was on account of her behaviour where she chastised and belittled her blind date on national television. The response to this was memes, videos and all manner of jokes about her on the social media. The climax of the cyber bullying was her Facebook hate page “Kenyans Against Susan of Tujuane” which had a record 13,000 “likes” nine hours after it was set up. As Ms Mbugua said, “Yes, Mirfat did her part. She failed. She erred. She may have

annoyed some of us and hurt some of us. But, ask yourself, how does it help you, by spending endless hours on the Internet desperately destroying her soul? With hate comments, insults and ‘photoshopped’ mockery?”

Contagion theory According to past studies cyber bullying is mass behaviour — a common phenomenon classified under the Contagion Theory. The theory explains the actions of group of people who are not related, act collectively without thinking or interpreting their actions. This leads to a vicious cycle where people feed mindlessly on one another’s irrational behaviour. Acting irrationally is academically referred to as milling. In the instance of cyber bullying, the masses who are separated by space all have a common interest in a particular subject. Their feelings towards the subject is shared, therefore, cyberspace becomes an outlet for these pent up emotions. Instead of individuals carefully thinking about their actions they behave in a circular and irrational manner. They feed off of each other’s actions not rationally and independently. KISS FM presenter Lynda Nyangweso received massive at-

Cyber bullying among Kenyans on the Internet has become very common, especially on the social media as netizens hurl abuses at one another and prominent people they dislike. Lawrence nzuve

tack on Twitter about her weight. One of the tweets read, “Linda Nyangweso has two identity cards.” Many people who partook in this unfortunate cyber bully fest claimed they were just doing it in good humour without putting much thought to their actions. The common trend is that people just want to be part of the fun and be part of the latest trending topic out there. Research shows that the effects of cyber bullying include low self esteem, increased suicidal ideation, fear, anger and depression. This is more so due to the public nature of these attacks. People relish the personal details of an individual’s life as fodder for entertainment and ridicule.

Cyber bullying is not limited to adults. There have been instances in Kenya, where teenage girls have created Facebook groups to abuse their fellow classmates turned rivals. A classic example of such was a case reported in 2009 at a girls’ high school. A group of girls relentlessly abused the victim calling for her death on Facebook whereby they had started a hate page for allegedly stealing one of their boyfriends. The victim’s sister reported the page, which was subsequently pulled down from the social networking site. However, cyber bullying reached extreme level as the victim had to transfer from the school because of the isolation and ridicule from her

friends. In the US, at least seven states have passed legislation against digital harassment. In California, state legislature passed a law that would deal specifically with cyber bullying. This law gives school administrations permission to discipline those involved in cyber bullying. It is time for Kenya to take such strides. If online bullying happens to high level personalities, what about the many unreported cases that go unnoticed. This could even be due to a lack of awareness and consequences of mass behavior, that has potential to escalate. This concept has been documented clearly as a socio-scientific response. The masses act uncontrollably and irrationally.

Kibera locals seek solution to land rows By KIMANI NYOIKE

Kibera is Kenya’s largest slum. The name Kibra is Nubian, for forestland. You do not notice the complexities and the contradictions until you get to speak to the inhabitants. The 2009 Kenya National Bureau of Statistics census showed that 170,070 people live here. UN-Habitat estimates the population to be around 350,000 and one million people. However, the

Map Kibera Project projects this to be not more than 270,000 people. We sought to find out the historical issues surrounding four communities: the Nubians, Luo, Kikuyu and Luhya, by organizing Kibera Dialogues. The key thing here was to have one particular tribe speak out. The community we visited next discussed these problems and raised their own. The dialogue culminated in a major

forum included the four communities. Makina, one of the 13 villages that make up Kibera, is mostly a

Nubian zone. The conditions are as extreme as the rest of the slum. Nubians claim to be the first inhabitants of Kibera, which at that time, was a small settlement area and the rest was a forest. They believe that other communities have been the source of Kibera’s problems. At Laini Saba, we came across a completely new narrative. The members of a dominant community in the area, most of them aged between 50 and 90,

claimed that the first president of Kenya,the late Jomo Kenyatta, allocated them land here. When the government began the Slum Upgrading Programme in 2009, Laini Saba residents welcomed the scheme. The post-election violence of 2007-2008 is also a thorny issue here. “People invaded Laini Saba, took over our houses, and do not pay rent to date,” said one resident.


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Gazette Summer 2013

GUEST SPOT | ESSAY Decades after states in the continent attained independence, Africa is yet to adopt unifying ideology

Pan Africanism dream: where did we get it wrong? By Ningel awour

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an Africanism was conceived to be an ideology, a movement or a philosophy that seeks to create, inspire and embolden solidarity of all Africans in the world. The concept also sought to make it known that Africans not only share a common bond but also that their fates and fortunes are intertwined. Pan Africanism has its origins and roots in slavery, racism and annexation of the continent. During the times of slavery, African slaves preserved their roots by simply ‘carrying over’ their ethics, norms and cultures to the new world. Although their masters subjected them to brutality and other acts of human abuses. This served as the ‘ground zero’ for PanAfricanism. As a result of African consciousness among the slaves in America, Europe and Caribbean, an insurrection was born. They revolted and agitated to be treated with dignity, integrity and respect. As we go down the memory lane, there are champions of Pan Africanism who conceptualized

the whole idea and made it into an organization to boost solidarity and unity of Africans. W.E.B Du Bois played a key role in this era and fought for rights and freedom of Africans. The African American scholar and activist was instrumental in the organization of Pan African congresses whose inception was 1900 in London. Between 1900 and 1945, five congresses had taken place in Europe and the US, bringing together blacks from the Americas, Europe and the African continent. The slogan ‘Africa for Africans’ was mooted by another prominent Pan Africanist of all time, Marcus Garvey. He believed in African nationalism and strongly agitated for Africa’s independence. He also called for the African descendants in Europe and Americas to return to Africa for complete economic, political and social emancipation. The European imperial powers partitioned the African continent during the Berlin conference between 1884 and 1845. Africans were clearly alienated, marginalized and

colonised until the 1960s when most African countries regained their sovereignty through armed struggle. It is out of these movements that Pan African leaders from the continent emerged. Former presidents Jomo Kenyatta, Mwalimu Julius Nyerere, Kwame Nkurumah, Patrice Lumumba and Gamal Abdel Nasser were among the pioneers of Pan Africanism in the post-independence dispensation. Nelson Mandela also led the African National Congress in battle for the liberation of South Africa from apartheid white rule. The goal of Pan Africanism at the time was to champion liberation, solidarity and emancipation of the African people from the chains and shackles of colonialism, which led to the formation of the Organisation of African Union (OAU). In the 1970s and 80s, African leaders diverted this cause and transformed it to a form of ‘afrocentrism.’ Dictator Mobutu Seseseko , the former president of Democratic Republic of Congo, then known as Zaire is best remembered for plundering his mineral-rich country and overseeing

economic deterioration. This trend was replicated across Africa with despotic leaders failing to abide by the rule of law and entrenching authoritarian systems. The misrule gave rise to military coups and long-running civil strife as masses revolted against the African ‘Big Men’. The leaders in partnership with multinationals also ripped off Africa of its vast resources. Some of these problems still persist. Does it mean that we are a continent that is beyond repair, and hopeless case? I believe that with all these African problems, there are African solutions. We should get rid of afro-pessimism and inculcate the ideology of afro-positivism. We need to realize that, if you want to see a transformation around you, be the change you want first. It is about time that African people rise up and position themselves on the global stage. This is a cry for Africa to rise up, to awaken the sleeping giant within it and soar unto the skies. Long live Africa!

Former South African President Nelson Mandela: Continent’s icon of freedom struggle. Internet sources

AFTER SCHOOL

Alumnus charts course beyond campus By KIMANI NYOIKE

When you first catch a glimpse of Christopher Baraka, it is hard to imagine he currently lives what many students dream while still in university. He has a tiny — almost unnoticeable frame — the kind that could pass for any high school student. Chris, as his friends know him, joined USIU back in Spring 2007. He graduated in August 2010, with a degree in International Relations and minor in

Health Psychology. However, this is not what encapsulates his journey to who he is today. He is most notable as having actively taken part in the March 2013 General Election as an observer and Trainer of Trainers for the Elections Observation Group. While there, he educated election observers and supervisors from all over the country. Through this, he was key in the adoption of the Parallel Vote Tabulation methodology set up by a group of

NGOs. “In between 2007 and 2010, I got involved in a few things around school. I say a few because I cannot compare that with what I did during my graduate studies,” he says. Besides joining numerous clubs, he co-founded the IR Forum, one of the most popular clubs in the university. “In Summer 2009, I joined work-study program. In the beginning, it was difficult getting an open position, and was at one time close to giving up.

One day, I got a call for an interview from the senior librarian Damiana Kiilu and voilà! I was asked to report the next day.” Upon his graduation, he did muse on getting a job. “Now that I had my degree, the reality hit me. An automatic employment was not part of my courses. After some of my mentors helped me muse over joining the graduate program. “I spoke to my mentor, Dr. Fatma Ali, (assistant professor of International Relations) and Wil-

son Komba at the Financial Aid office. I would learn that as a Graduate Research Assistant, USIU would actually pay half my fees,” he recalls. “My graduation was on a Saturday, and the next Thursday, here I was at the auditorium again for graduate orientation.” He took up the chance and worked with Prof Macharia Munene and Dr Ali. He also ran for and won the Graduate Representative seat in the 2011 SAC elections.


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Gazette Summer 2013

FEATURES | EVENTS | LIFESTYLE

Tech-savvy students cash in on apps Developers come up with video game to teach children language skills by Silvia mwendia

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eet Kevin Hungai, a sophomore Applied Computer Technology (APT) major who developed a game-based learning app which was showcased during Summer Semester’s Fusion Week. Hungai’s education-oriented app is targeted at 4-13 year olds. The app is a video game which features a superhero who goes around teaching children grammar and pronunciation. Seeing that most Kenyan app developers target their apps towards areas such as agriculture, it was quite unsual that Hungai should go into the education sector. “I went through the 8-4-4 system so I know how messy it can get. You don’t understand stuff but the teachers just go on teaching,” said Hungai. It is because of this experience that Hungai decided to develop the app. In his words, Hungai says that he is a social entrepreneur. Not only does he want to make a living out of this profession but help transform society while at it. “A lot of kids learn though

Applied Computer Technology student Musa Muliro who has created a computer game app. lawrence nzuve

visuals so we though of coming up with a concept where we can disguise in playing so that the kids can also enjoy it,” added Hungai on the app. Techie has not been doing this alone though. With the help of his friend, Juzer Yunus, they were able to come up with a start-up company which develops other apps. Yunus, an IST major, works on the business side of the company while Hungai is more on technical side and develops the apps. Being only 5 months old, it is quite remarkable that they have been able to already develop this

education app and are still working on others. On how they were able to develop an app in such a short time, Hungai talks of investing their own money into the company. Hungai has also been able to develop other apps for different type of clients but due to the nature of the applications, he decided to maintain client confidentiality. App development is not something Hungai was taught. It was more of a hobby he took interest in after high school. One can therefore say he is a selftaught app developer.

Hungai sees the app targeting mainly parents and schools. “The world is going digital and schools are struggling to get in on that. We see more schools today using ipads and tablets. They will, however, need content for these devices so that is where we come in,” noted Kevin. With the new digital government and the free laptops promised for class one pupils, schools have a lot to benefit from this app. It is for this reason that Hungai’s app is currently being cross-examined at the Kenya Institute of Curriculum Development in Nairobi and if it passes, it may be incorporated into the schools learning systems. Parents are also a major target audience for Hungai and the start-up company. “ I know parents today who on more than five devices. Instead of parents worrying about their children playing violent games, they can trust their children are learning something while playing the video game app,” said Hungai. Hungai is a self-taught app developer who took up interest after completing his high school studies. App development has really taken hold in Kenya and the likes of Hungai are definitely a force we cannot ignore. The private sector has really taken to nurturing such talent. A good example would be app development competitions held especially

in universities by Safaricom. Open spaces which allow tech enthusiasists or techies as they are more commonly kown to meet up and collaborate are also coming up. A good example would have to be iHub located on Ngong road. The government on the other hand is slacking a bit and will have to hasten their pace if they are to keep up with the fast changing world of technology. The government’s new digital strategy may however change that. USIU also threw its weight behind this new app to which Hungai was very positive about. “The feedback was good. Some even suggested what we should add and what we should remove so it was a good reception at the end of the day,” said Hungai on the school’s support. Hungai’s major, Applied Computer Technology, which is still relatively new considering that his year is the oldest has also helped in creating interest in app development among the student. “It’s exciting to see fellow students get interested in this field,” said Hungai. Hungai has actually written a proposal to the school so as to form a club for app development whereby interested students will have a plac to hone their skills. If Hungai’s success is anything to go by, we may just have the next Steve Jobs lurking among us.

Theatre group’s first film highlights peer influence By Wanyama Wafula

Michezo Africa has launched a short film dubbed Little Girl with a storyline based on peer pressure among young adults. This group, which is famous in theatre arts created their first movie, under fellow student Keith Oleng as the director. Although the psychology student, who acquired filmmaking skills from Central Tafe College in Perth Australia, has initially been involved in a number of productions. The film tells a story of a girl called Lilly with good morals and virtues but falls into wrong company who take her out on a birthday party. The beautiful

Keith Oleng shooting ‘Little Girl’. LEFT: The poster for the film. courtesy

ladies promise her full amusement in a bid to make her accept to go to a prestigious club. Unfortunately, Lilly’s harassment by the owner of the party marks a turning point as she also joins the ‘bad girls’ company. “Danger sometimes presents

itself in harmless forms but we rarely see that friends put you in a situation that eventually hurts you,” explained Oleng. Little Girl, which was adopted from a poem written by the lead character, Yvette Akoth and premiered during the Campus

Awards, was donated to the counseling office to accompany counseling talks during orientation. It is also available on YouTube. Oleng wrote main script for the film. Michezo Africa collaborated with the university administration which allowed them to use its facilities, easing transport expenses as well as saving on time. Artistes also provided clothes that production required as costumes and on-set make-up. According to Oleng, the main challenges were mainly inadequate equipment and resources to shoot the film. Deficiency on manpower was another hurdle during the production. He had to double

up as a filmmaker and trainer of Michezo Africa members who were doing it for the first time. “I had to teach them on how to handle equipment and act on screen as opposed to theatre since on screen act you need to die a little down to theatre, but I am proud of their performance,” says Oleng. The prodigy also expressed the need of sufficient equipment to work around situations like some that forced them to relocate scenes. However, he acknowledged it was a good experience for both the producer and actors who were involved in the fourday shoot and three-and-a-half months of editing.


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ENTERTAINMENT | MUSIC | AWARDS

Hip hop pioneers rule the airwaves By Wanyama Wafula

When stories of local music are told, hip hop artistes do not receive a fair share compared to their counterparts in spite of their excellence. Zacharria Mwaura alias Zakah, who ruled the airwaves through his debut song Dandora Love in 2002 is such a talent whose story remains unknown to many today. The Hip-hop star is back with a bang and currently working on his new album named Desturi, which was set for launch in August. In this album, he has collaborated with a number of artists like Canibal, Rabit, Wyre, Biam and Jua Kali. Zakah began his rapping career at Andaki Studio at Nairobi’s Kariobangi South Estate. His music revolves around real life experiences, social issues and also advocates a positive cause for the youths. The bulk of his work is based on what surrounds him. “I also like working with different producers to avoid monotony and to attain deferent sounds,” he said. “I have recorded songs with Dungeon, Head bangers, Mandugu Digital, Tumaini Records, Love Child Records studios and I am do-

Zacharria Mwaura alias Zakah during a past music awards event. courtesy

ing my new video with Cream Vision crew,” he added. Participating in the rap competition at Club Florida 2000 in Nairobi, the soft spoken laidback rapper began his hip-hop career while in Standard 8. Born 1984 and raised in Dandora Phase 2 estate, a Nairobi outskirt occupied by low income communities and famous for social crimes, Zakah had a chance to meet the fathers of Kenyan hip-

hop. Swalle aka Roba, Zakah,s neighbor, introduced the young latent rapper to the legendary group Kalamashaka. Other artists joined later and formed the Mau Mau group. “I was inspired by Kalamashaka in my first meeting when the famous US rappers Lost Boyz had paid them a visit,” he said. “The two rap groups sporting dreadlocks, baggy jeans and bling blings, it was hard to

identify the Kalamashaka, at least before the dialogue began.” Through music, the simple and down-to-earth artist has had various exposures that truly prove he is a celebrity on his own. Zakah first flew beyond Kenyan borders when he went to Stockholm, Sweden for the launch of Kilio cha Haki album in 2005 that involved the entire Mau Mau crew. He has also performed in concerts at Mandela Memorial site in Johannesburg, South Africa and Afro jam festival in Berlin, Germany in 2011. Locally, Zakah has also shared the stage with popular Tanzanian rappers; Professor Jay, AY, Mwana FA during the Sauti za Busara concert in 2011 Zanzibar. “It was unbelievable to see and hear Tanzanians singing and dancing to our music” he revealed. He has performed at Wapi concert that was formally hosted and sponsored by the British council to nurture young talents in hip hop, graffiti, writing and poetry. The event is now held monthly at the Sarakasi dome, Ngara. The star is also involved in the Hip Hop Caravan, an international project that aims at linking Africa through music. South Africa, Bukina Faso, Tunisia, Senegal and Zimbabwe are

some of the countries engaged in this project. In Kenya, hip hop has grown over the last two decades. The number of producers and artistes in the music industry has increased immensely. It is no longer the same situation of the early 1990s where, the Swahili Nation and Kalamashaka, were the only popular groups. Today, hip hop artistes are not only in the music business but are also involved in a numerous activities that range from communal work to business enterprises. Besides music, Zakah was involved peace campaigns during the March General Election. He was among artistes who through a project dubbed One Love Kenya; Upendo Moja Kenya crisscrossed Nairobi to sensitize the populace on peace. “I , Bonie of the P-Unit and DTIC sound are involved in children mentorship program at Watoto Wakuu, based at Mountain View, Westlands, where I teach hip hop skills and support them financially” he said. Apart from running a business of producing the famous Ukoo Flani ware, he is also working with AMREF Kenya to educate the youths against drug abuse.

Newcomers scoop top Campus Awards by michael manyibe

August 1 was a night like no other as USIU fraternity congregated on beautifully lighted tents behind the library to award outstanding performers in the institution. The annual event dubbed Campus Awards is organized by the student body, Students Affairs Council(SAC) to encourage students, faculty and staff to always stand out in whatever they do in campus. The winners are voted by the USIU community, who are expected to have interacted the nominees. Campus Awards Night saw many new personalities win medals in different categories. Some the heroes and heroines were, was Maria Lazaro who won the best International student award, Githinji Mwai

best photographer, Keith Oleng best Video Producer, James Kahindi- Lifetime Achievement, John Kabuu best sports patron, Wilberforce Tonui best Course Advisor, and Kennedy Awuor for Most outstanding lecturer in the business school. The sportsmen were also rewarded for their stunning performance in various championships. Meshack Nakolo took home Most Valuable Player award in soccer men category, Cynthia Irankunda was best lady basketballer Kevin Kigotho being men’s best basketballer. Caroline Ngarachu was the best lady in hockey with Shabazali Shah being best in same sport. Donald Omondi was voted the Most Valuable Rugby player. In volleyball, Sheila Chepkoech and Christopher Muchemi were voted best players. Fiona Kwatemba and Maximus Musau

Easy FM’s Price Nesta with Denver Ochieng after the latter received an award for the Best Radio Presenter at the event. NICK THUITA

An MC during the Campus Night Awards gala. NICK THUITA

were the best softballers. Other sportsmen who shone during the night to remember included Dennis Mwenda and Wambui Kibathi in swimming, Julius Mbuvi and Berryll Sarah in tennis, Moyen Hassan and

Sports Team 2013 ward to the USIU Flames, Most outstanding coach to David Maina, Most Improved Sports team to Softball ladies, captain of the year to Linda Mfuchi, sportsman of the year to Pauline Naise.

Moses in Taekwondo. Rashid Korir was the best Karate-man while Daniel Odidi was the Chess Master. Perhaps the event could not have worthwhile without presenting the Most Outstanding


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Gazette Summer 2013

TECHNOLOGY | UPDATE | REVIEW

Fraudsters target old generation SIM cards in Africa, study shows Mobile phones in the continent based on old techcnology vulnerable to attacks by hackers by lawrence Nzuve

A

recent research by a technology security expert should make the entire African cell phone users population worried According to Berlin based Security Research Labs CEO Karsten Nohl, fraudsters can remotely access SIM card by sending a special text message which some older generation SIMs respond to, inadvertently giving out the users security information. This information can then be used to spy on the user and to copy the SIM card’s details making it easy to be robbed. He said most phones cut contact after recognizing the signature as being a fake - but in about a quarter of cases, the handsets sent back an error message including an encrypted version of the SIM’s authentication code. SIM (subscriber identity module) cards effectively act as a security token, authenticating a user’s identity with their network operator. They also store a lim-

ited amount of data such as text messages, contacts’ telephone numbers and details used for some applications - including a number of payment and banking services. This is where it gets interesting. Mr. Nohl says that mobile banking customers in Africa rely on the security offered by their SIM cards but he had found a way to discover the authentication code by sending a device a text message masquerading as a communication from the user’s mobile operator. The message contained a bogus digital signature for the network.

Canon 7D attracts camera lovers with its versatile features BY LAWRENCE NZUVE

The Canon 7D is the digital SLR that many Canon fans have been waiting for, with a list of long-absent features that the lineup has needed to take on cameras like the Nikon D300. Not shying away from the megapixel race, the new Canon 7D has a brand new 18-megapixel APS-C sensor with a 1.6x crop factor. It is no wonder it has found ready fans at USIU where since the beginning of the year many students have acquired this magical machine. It is a good camera for photography enthusiasts professional video makers alike Not shying away from the megapixel race, the new Canon 7D has a brand new 18-megapixel APS-C sensor with a 1.6x

crop factor. Each pixel is 4.3 microns in size, though Canon says that with their

The encryption is supposed to prevent the authentication code being discovered, but Mr. Nohl said that in about half of these cases it was based on a 1970s coding system called Digital Encryption Standard (DES), which was once thought secure but could now be cracked “within two minutes on a standard computer”. Once the attacker had this information, Mr. Nohl said, they could upload malware to the SIM written in the Java programming language. He said these could be used by the hacker to send texts from the device to

gapless micro lenses, the new sensor gathers plenty of light. The Canon 7D is designed for speed, with dual DIGIC 4 chips to speed processing of these large 14-bit files, as well as keep up with the shutter’s 8-frame-persecond top speed. Even the sensor had to be tweaked to enable such speed, with an 8-channel readout to more quickly draw

premium rate numbers they had set up, to discover and listen in to the target’s voicemail messages and to track their location. In addition, he warned that combined with other techniques, it could act as a surveillance tool. “SIM cards generate all the keys you use to encrypt your calls, your SMS and your internet traffic,” said Mr. Nohl. “If someone can capture the encrypted data plus have access to your SIM card, they can decrypt it. “Operators often argue that it’s not possible to listen in on 3G or 4G calls now with access to the SIM card, it very much is.” Mr. Nohl said that his research suggested about an eighth of all SIM cards were vulnerable to the hack attack - representing between 500 million to 750 million devices and that most of the SIMS in Africa are based on the older technology and hence more vulnerable. Industry organization - the GSMA - said it was looking into the findings. “Karsten’s early disclosure to the GSMA has given us an opportunity for preliminary analysis,” said a spokeswoman for the association, which represents global network operators.

the image off the sensor. The Canon 7D’s buffer can handle 94 JPEGs at top speed, or 15 RAW images. For its part, the Canon 7D’s shutter mechanism is rated at 150,000 cycles, and is the same design used by the 1Dseries of Canon digital SLRs. EV compensation has been expanied to five stops in either direction, and the ISO ranges from 100 to 6,400, with an expanded setting up to 12,800. The Canon 7D also sports an HD movie mode that will capture full HD at 30p. The built-in flash has a wider range to handle up to 15mm wide-angle lenses, like the new EF-S 15-85mm f/3.5-5.6 IS USM, and the flash can also serve as the remote commander for up to three groups of flashes, another first for Canon. Other new features include an electronic level, a RAW button, and a new multi-function button for quick, programmable access to various functions. And don’t forget the new 19-point autofocus system, complete with a new LCD viewfinder display overlay, complete with a grid, obviating the need for interchangeable screens. - additional review by Imaging Resource


Gazette Summer 2013

Page 14

GLOBAL | NEWS | UPDATES

FBI hack Android phones US Agency employs hackers who develop software to keep tabs on cyber criminals Law-enforcement officials in the U.S. are employing the use of tools routinely used by computer hackers to gather information on suspects. The FBI has been developing hacking tools for more than a decade, but rarely discloses its techniques publicly. Earlier this year, a federal warrant application in a Texas identity-theft case sought to use software to extract files and covertly take photos using a computer’s camera. The judge denied the application, saying, among other things, that he wanted more information on how info collected from the computer would be minimized to remove information on innocent people. Since at least 2005, the FBI has been using “web bugs” that can gather a computer’s Internet address, lists of programs running and other info. The FBI used that type of tool in 2007 to trace a person who was eventually convicted of emailing bomb threats in Washington state, for example. Also, the FBI “hires people who have hacking skill, and they purchase tools that are capable of doing these things,” said a former official in the agency. “When you do, it’s because you don’t have any other choice,” the official said. Surveillance technologies are coming

under increased scrutiny after disclosures about data collection by the National Security Agency. The NSA gathers bulk data on millions of Americans, but former U.S. officials say law-enforcement hacking is targeted at very specific cases and used sparingly. Still, civil-liberties advocates say there should be clear legal guidelines to ensure hacking tools aren’t misused. “People should understand that local cops are going to be hacking into surveillance targets,” said Christopher Soghoian, principal technologist at the American Civil Liberties Union. “We should have a debate about that.” Mr. Soghoian, who is presenting on the topic Friday at the DefCon hacking conference in Las Vegas, said information about the practice is slipping out as a small industry has emerged to sell hacking tools to law enforcement. He has found posts and resumes on social networks in which people discuss their

work at private companies helping the FBI with surveillance. A search warrant would be required to get content such as files from a suspect’s computer, said Mark Eckenwiler, a senior counsel at Perkins Coie LLP who until December was the Justice Department’s primary authority on federal criminal surveillance law. Continuing surveillance would necessitate an even stricter standard, the kind used to grant wiretaps. An official at the Justice Department said it determines what legal authority to seek for such surveillance “on a caseby-case basis.” But the official added that the department’s approach is exemplified by the 2007 Washington bomb-threat case, in which the government sought a warrant even though no agents touched the computer and the spyware gathered only metadata. In 2001, the FBI faced criticism from civil-liberties advocates for declining to disclose how it installed a program to record the keystrokes on the computer of mobster Nicodemo Scarfo Jr. to capture a password he was using to encrypt a document. He was eventually convicted. Officers often install surveillance tools on computers remotely, using a document or link that loads software when the person clicks or views it. In some cases, the government has secretly gained physical access to suspects’ machines and installed malicious software using a thumb drive, a former US official said. The bureau has controls to ensure only “relevant data” are scooped up, the person said.

Roy Speckhardt, executive director of the American Humanist Association. But the mood of goodwill was shortlived. Just a day later, in a thinly veiled rebuke of the new Pope, who took over from Pope Benedict XVI in March, Vatican spokesman Father Thomas Rosica made it clear what was really meant. Reacting to the news, the high profile atheist campaigner Richard Dawkins tweeted: “Atheists go to heaven? Nope. Sorry world, infallible pope got it wrong.

Maggots in woman’s ear A British woman returned from a holiday in Peru hearing scratching noises inside her head to be told she was being attacked by flesh-eating maggots living inside her ear. Rochelle Harris, 27, said she remembered dislodging a fly from her ear while in Peru but thought nothing more of it until she started getting headaches and pains down one side of her face and woke up in Britain one morning with liquid on her pillow. Thinking she had a routine ear infection caused by a mosquito bite, she sought medical treatment at the Royal Derby Hospital in northern England, where a consultant noticed maggots in a small hole in her ear-canal. “I was very scared. Were they in my brain?” said Harris, recounting her ordeal in a new Discovery Channel documentary series called “Bugs, Bites and Parasites” to be aired in the UK from July 21. Doctors tried first to flush the maggots out of the ear using olive oil. “It was the longest few hours that I have ever had to wait... I could still feel them and hear them and knowing what those scratching sounds were, and knowing what that wriggling feeling was, that just made it all the worse,” she said. - torontosun.com

Too dumb for smartphone

Vatican steps in with alacrity.” And Sean Oakley, founder of the Atheist, Humanist and Secularist Society at Reading University, said: “This latest episode is only another demonstration of how much influence the conservative lobby has within the Catholic Church.” Pavan Dhaliwal, head of public affairs, British Humanist Association, said: “It is of no concern to us what the Vatican thinks about the afterlife and atheists. They ought rather to focus on putting right the damage they do in this world, especially in relation to basic rights such as access to contraception and LGBT and women’s rights.” David McKeegan of The Freethinker journal, said: “We atheists were over the moon when the Pope told us that we were all going to heaven. Then when the Vatican told us that it wasn’t true, and that we were going to hell after all, we were sick as parrots.”

German tourist takes blog revenge on the man who stole her smartphone A German tourist who had her smartphone pinched from a beach on Ibiza has taken revenge on the thief who failed to switch off the device’s photograph upload function by turning pictures of his life into a blog. After returning home to Germany, the young woman discovered that photographs of the robber and his home city Dubai were automatically uploaded to her “Dropbox” file storage space from her stolen HTC smartphone. “Everything was gone. Money, purses, smartphones, passports, birthday presents and clothes. This must have happened in the time span of 15 minutes. Well, that sucked quite hard,” the unnamed woman wrote of the robbery on her blog. “Back in Germany, a few days after Christmas, four months after the Ibiza trip, I turned on my computer and noticed 15 new pictures inside my Dropbox camera upload folder. Long story short: the thief of my smartphone didn’t delete my Dropbox app, not to mention my login data. Every photo he takes appears instantly on my computer, what a douche.”

- independentnews.com

-- Telegraph.com

- prtechnologynews.com

Pope’s remarks kick up a storm A recent suggestion by Pope Francis (pictured) that atheists could also be “redeemed” by God has led the church to return to medieval rhetoric – with an official Vatican spokesman forced to clarify that non-believers are indeed destined for hell. The controversy began after Pope Francis went on a charm offensive last week, in an attempt to build bridges with atheists. During a sermon at the Vatican, the first Latin American pontiff proclaimed: “The Lord has redeemed all of us, all of us, with the Blood of Christ: all of us, not just Catholics. Everyone! ‘Father, the atheists?’ Even the atheists. Everyone!” The admission that Catholics do not have a monopoly on being good people was initially welcomed by secularists. “While humanists have been saying for years that one can be good without a god, hearing this from the leader of the Catholic Church is quite heartening,” said

WORLD IN BRIEF


Page 15

Gazette Summer 2013

GAZETTE SPORTS

Old boys outshine ‘vijana’ in derby Alumni rugby team outshines varsity players in annual event

by Stephen Mukhongi

Rugby old boys played against the current team at Rugby Football Union of East Africa Ground in Nairobi The rugby match is a long time tradition of the university bringing together USIU Alumni (wazee) verses continuing students(vijana). The event may pass for any sports entertainment but it serves more than just that; a ceremonial match, awards, photo session, guidance secession, and barbecue characterizes the event. On this particular outing Wazee carried the day. However, the game ended prematurely Apparently, the ground was also booked by the Kenya Un-

The alumi team plays the USIU rugby side during the traditional rugby derby in 2013 Summer Semester. Stephen Mukhongi

der- 19 National Rugby team for a training session at the same time. The event however went on as scheduled

After the game, an awarding ceremony was held with best performers being presented trophies . Mitch Ojiambo was

University set to assess co-curricular activities By Michael Manyibe

United States International University (USIU) is set to introduce co-curricular transcripts, in a deliberate attempt to compel students to participate actively in clubs and sporting activities. This was disclosed during the Post Leadership Retreat workshop held on July 12 at the university’s auditorium where student leaders, comprising clubs, sporting teams and Student Affairs Council (SAC) reflected upon what they had learnt in an earlier retreat at Lake Elementaita. During the workshop also attended by Deans of students Robert Onsarigo and Ronald Kimani, Rita Asunda, Student Affairs Deputy Vice Chancellor, said that the administration would be guided by student leaders’ proposals to formulate criteria to assess students’ participation in sports and clubs before issuing them with certificates.

“We could have drafted the criteria to be followed to issue the (co-curricular) transcripts, but we want it to start from you (student leaders). We want you to get involved,” said Asunda. The student governing body, SAC proposed specific criteria to be used in gauging students’ performance in co-curricular activities. If SAC proposals are adopted by the administration fully, only students with 75 per cent attendance in cocurricular activities will qualify to be awarded a certificate. An individual will be eligible to be awarded with a certificate if he or she has been a member of the club for one whole academic year. However, one may be eligible to get a certificate depending on the evaluation done by the patron and officials of the club or sports team. If 75 per cent of them agree that he/she deserves the certificate depending on the level of commitment and participation he/she has shown during the ac-

ademic year in various activities, then he/she will be issued with a certificate. In addition, to be able to determine whether an individual is eligible to be awarded with a certificate, one will be expected to have taken part in 75 per cent of the club or team activities. Most importantly, a member of a club or sports team will be awarded a certificate if he or she contributes in one way or another to the growth of the club or team in terms of membership such as by creating awareness during an academic year. During the workshop, student leaders discussed the role of students in the university’s governance and administrative structures. The presentations also focused on developing action plans to help student leaders achieve their objectives and effectively manage their roles. The student leaders reviewed and recommended improvements to the patrons’ evaluation tool.

named the Most Valuable Player on vijana side while Allan Omuka took the award on the Wazee’s team

“ It is a very important event where ongoing students get a chance to meet up the old students and share experiences, both past and current,” said Prof. Max Muniafu, the patron of the rugby team. Prof Muniafu added that the old guard to offer valuable lessons to the current crop of players, as a legacy to carry the tradition forward. However, the most significant moment of the occasion was the guidance session. Counsel was offered predominantly by “wazee” Alumni. Sports coordinator Boniface Salano, and Prof Muniafu who shared their experiences. “We should always be proud of wearing the university’s jersey whenever you go out representing the team,” he urged the university’s alumni. Separately, the USIU rugby team participated in the second edition of the Masaku sevens which was held on the July 27 and 28 at the Machakos Golf Club, in Machakos town.

Sports Pictorial

USIU chase enthusiasts play the board game during their free time at the university last Summer Semester. Stephen Mukhongi

University’s cricket team in action last semester. Stephen Mukhongi


Page 16

Gazette Summer 2013

GAZETTE SPORTS RUGBY

INSIDE

Wazee versus vijana derby

<<

CURRICULUM

USIU set to assess activities outside lecturer halls

<<

University team wins accolades in recent regional basketball championships

USIU’s Flames make history in Burundi games

the region may be very hard for any University in the region to breakOur teams being University teams got lots of praise from the region (Zone V) that is composed of the following countries; Burundi, Rwanda, Kenya, Ethiopia, Uganda and Tanzania,” Boniface Salano, sports coordinator. The men also showed their skill in the game, but were beaten by only a half a basket to host Burundi in their first game, ending with 60-61. Their second game was against the defending champions Rwanda,

by michael manyibe

USIU ladies basketball, The Flames shone in Zone V championship coming second place in the region, only being beaten by their bitter Kenyan rivals Eagle Wings, who won 67-62. The Martial Eagles basketball team and ladies team’s represented in the 2013 FIBA Africa Zone 5 club championships in Bujumbura - Burundi, from August 5 to 10 August 2013. The teams were placed second in the Kenya Basketball Federation League last year that enabled them to qualify for the FIBA Africa Zone 5 club Championships this year to represent Kenya. They were awarded the first runners-up trophy with Emma Nyakemba getting the top scorer trophy. This the second time USIU Flames has done Kenya proud by representing the country in an international tournament after they did the same in 2007 in Ethiopia. The Flames fought a ‘good fight’ to qualify to the finals, especially the games between them and host Burundi and one against Uganda. They won both games and qualified to the semifinal where they thrashed the 2nd team of Burundi 70 points to 26. They played the Eagle wings of Kenya in the final, where they lost 67 to 61 points.  “The history of USIU Basketball teams in Kenya and

HIGHLIGHTS Basketballers dunk on at Zuku, KBL tournaments

USIU basketballer Hilda Indasi in action during a past game. michezoafrika.com

they played in the Zuku University Basketball League (ZUBL) held between May 18 and May 19. The men team beat Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology 81-54 while the ladies thrashed University of Nairobi 80-30. On May 19, the teams beat Blazers and Mennonities 96-76 and 71-10 in the Kenya Basketball League respectively. Institutions that win the tournament will be awarded cash prizes to the develop the game.

USIU teams take part in cancer drive

USIU’s Spartans at the Nabungolo event in June.

USIU basketball teams won all the matches

USIU’s Martial Eagles thrashed Footprints 30 to 19 during the the Africa Cancer Foundation tournament final. The tournament, which marked the second anniversary of the foundation was held at Nairobi Railways Club on Saturday July 20. This event aimed aimed at bringing together people from all walks of life, and to create awareness on practical ways to prevent cancer, keeping fit being one of them.

who tied 58-58, but lost in extra time 58 to 62. The host Burundi lifted the men’s title. In an email to students, staff and faculty the sports coordinator congratulated the teams saying they did well in positively representing the institution. He also added that it was not easy especially for a university team to play against the best clubs in the region.  “Thumbs up for our basketball teams,” said Ritah Asunda, the Deputy Vice Chancellor Student Affairs & Enrollment Management, while congratulating the coaches of the teams, patrons and other stakeholders. Eagle Wings’ Star Silalei Shani Owuor was on Saturday named the most valuable player during the just concluded regional Zone 5 basketball competition held in Burundi. The tournament ,that came to a close on Saturday, saw Silalei’s team Eagle Wings successfully defend their title with a 67-62 finals win over close rivals USIU Flames also from Kenya. The women’s most valuable award was won by another Kenyan — Hilda Indasi during last year’s edition held in Kampala. USIU’s Emma Nyakweba was the highest best scorer in the women’s category while Aristide Mugabe of Rwanda’s Espoir BBC was the best scorer for men. The most valuable players were Eagle Wings’ Silalei Shani of Kenya and Landry Ndikumana of Urunani in Burundi.

Inter-murals event out to promote sports The Sports Activities Committee together with the Sports Officials’ Committee initiated a sporting event dubbed Intramurals in the Summer 2013 semester which comprised volleyball, softball and tae-kwon-do. Intra-murals sporting events are aimed at promoting exist-

ing sporting activities at United States International University. They also provide a platform for introducing new activities within USIU, as well as allow different people who may or may not normally play sports to get a chance to play together in a fun environment.

wafula wanyama

USIU Gazette - Summer 2013 Edition  

The Gazette is produced thrice each year by the news-editing and print production classes of the United States International University unde...

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