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is purchased, selected and planted in the

Examine the roots, which should form a

garden catalogs. You must start by learning

right place, it frames your home and

balanced, fully-formed mass. Reject trees

what varieties thrive in your area. Try

beautifies your land, making both more

with broken or dried-out roots. Avoid trees

visiting your local arboretum, where you

enjoyable. Trees can greatly increase the

showing signs of disease, pests or stress

may view different kinds of shrubs and

resale value of property, and even save you

such as wilting, discoloration, misshapen

decide whether they fit your gardening

on energy costs. Visualize your new trees at

leaves, scarred bark and non-vigorous

plans. Decide what overall look you want at

maturity while realizing that some trees

growth. Consider the size of the tree. Young

different times of the year, and then find out

develop as much width as height if given

trees have a better rate of success when

which shrubs will be flowering, producing

enough space to develop. Picture each tree's

planted, and most flowering trees grow

berries or sporting colorful foliage at those

size and shape in relation to the overall

quickly, so start with less expensive, smaller

times. Compare what you find to the

landscape and the size and style of your

specimens. And be sure and buy all your

inventory at your local nursery, and ask the

home. Trees peaking at forty feet do best

plants from a good quality nursery with a

professionals who work there lots of

near or behind a one-story home. Taller

decent reputation.

questions.

lots. Trees under thirty feet tall suit street

Don't prune a newly planted tree unless its

Understand the characteristics of each shrub

side locations, small lots and enclosed areas

form needs improving. Prune flowering

before you plant it. Flowering and fruit-

such as decks and patios.

trees in spring, after blooming, to correct

bearing shrubs enhance a new home, but

unsightly problems. Crab apple trees are an

improper pruning and care will ruin the

There are two basic types of trees you will

exception and should be pruned in late

beauty of all your hard work. Some shrubs

be considering for purchase. Deciduous

winter. But you can remove diseased or

bloom on second- or third-year wood. If

trees include large shade trees which frame

dead branches anytime of the year, and

you're maintaining a shrub because you're

areas with a cool summer canopy and a

much of this is done during the winter.

hoping it's going to blossom, but you're

colorful autumn rack of superior colors. In

Apply fertilizer when needed in the second

cutting off first-year wood every year, it's

winter, their silhouettes provide passage for

and subsequent growing seasons. Mulch to

never going to bloom.

sunlight. These trees can shade a southern

conserve moisture, reduce weeds and

exposure from summertime heat, and allow

eliminate mowing near the tree. Spread

Some varieties are a foot tall at maturity,

winter sunlight to warm the house.

wood chips or bark four inches deep and as

while others reach over fifteen feet. A large

Evergreen trees have dense green foliage

wide as the tree's canopy around the base.

shrub will usually require more pruning.

that suits them for planting as privacy

But don't mulch poorly drained over-

Also determine the plant's ability to tolerate

screens, windbreaks or backdrops for

saturated soil. Wrap tree trunks after

various soil conditions, wind, sun and

flowering trees and shrubs. But they are

planting to prevent winter damage from

shade. You don't put a plant that's sensitive

handsome enough to stand alone. They do

weather and pests. And stake young trees,

to the elements in an open area. Use hardier

not lose their leaves, called needles, and

especially bare-root trees and evergreens, to

plants to shelter it. Not all shrubs work in

provide year-round shelter and color. You

fortify them against strong winds. Stake

every climate. Witch hazel, for example,

should be sure to include a wide variety of

loosely and allow the tree to bend slightly,

blooms in fall or winter and is hardiest

both kinds of trees in your landscape to

and remove stakes after one year. Shrubs

where minimum temperatures range from

avoid losing them to diseases or pests. Buy

are often planted and used merely as

thirty degrees below zero to twenty degrees

disease- and pest-resistant trees. When

foundation plants or privacy screens. But

above. It would not be a good choice for

buying a tree, look for healthy green leaves

shrubbery foliage is vastly more versatile,

very dry, hot climates. But some shrubs

if it has any, and also well-developed top

and can go a long way toward livening up

such as buddleia, hydrangea and spirea

growth. Branches should be unbroken and

your landscaping. Countless varieties of

perform well across a wide range of

balanced around the trunk, and on dormant

gorgeously hued and beautifully leafed

growing zones. Most shrubs are relatively

or bare-root stock they should be pliable.

shrubs are available through nurseries and

fast-growing. Those that follow the shape

trees blend with two-story houses and large

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