Oilseed Stress Trials To Determine How Environmental Variation Influences Yield Under Stressed Production Conditions Dan Long, Research Leader USDA-ARS Soil and Water Conservation Research Unit Pendleton, OR
Accelerated development of commercial hydrotreated renewable jet fuel from redesigned oilseed feedstock supply chains USDA
National Institute of Food & Agriculture Biomass Research and Development Initiative 4-years (2013-17) $7M
Looking for ideal plant oils - and the ways to produce them - for making hydrotreated renewable jet fuel.
Determine how varying production environments affect the relative performance of Brassica napus, B. juncea, B. rapa, B. carinata, Sinapis alba, and Camelina sativa.
Three Primary Western US Wheat-Based Systems
Genotypes Evaluated for Stress 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
Type Spring Spring Spring Spring Spring Spring Spring Spring Spring Spring Spring Spring Winter Winter Winter Winter Winter Winter
Species B. napus B. napus B. napus B. napus B. carinata B. carinata B. juncea B. juncea C. sativa B. rapa S. alba S. alba B. napus B. napus B. napus B. napus C. sativa B. rapa
Use Canola Canola Industrial Canola Industrial Industrial Canola Condiment Industrial Industrial Condiment Condiment Canola Canola Industrial Industrial Industrial Industrial
Cultivar DK3042RR Invigor L130 Gem SC28 ACC A110 080814EM Oasis Pacific Gold CO46 Eclipse Idagold Tilney Wichita Amanda Durola Dwarf Essex Joelle Largo
Source Dekalb Bayer UI UI Agrisoma Agrisoma Viterra UI MSU Univ. Alberta UI Colemanâ€™s Mustard KSU UI UI PNW Landrace MSU Spectrum Seed
Stress Traits Within a Species Stress Factors
Heat Insects Weeds
(caused by drought)
Emergence Weed Cover Pest Damage Leaf Area Index Canopy spectral reflectance Canopy temperature Pod Count Grain Yield Stem Count Soil Water Consumption
Randomized complete block with four replications Winter:
6 cultivars from 3 species Spring: 12 cultivars from 6 species
Three years (2012-15) or (2013-16) Eight locations
Ames, IA Morris, MN Mandan, ND Sidney, MT Akron, CO Temple, TX Moscow, ID Pendleton, OR
Planting ď‚¨ ď‚¨
Recommended plant populations Planting date and depth to best reflect regional practices Preplant tillage and fertilizer as appropriate
Growing Season Measurements
Data Phenology Canopy
reflectance Leaf Area Index Canopy temperature Soil moisture Plant counts Seed yield Seed oil concentration Fatty Acid profile
Yield Comparison, Pendleton, OR Highest 2014
Pendleton, OR (2015 Weather) Early heat wave- mean temperature on June 8th was 91Â°F, with record high temperatures for three days. Especially hard hit were the B. carinata varieties. Many of the B. napus varieties were also adversely affected. The crops continued to grow well and develop pods but many pods were found empty. Surprisingly, the Camelina sativa flourished in the heat rising from our worst performer in 2014 to the top yielding variety in 2015. Oil content was not affected in B. napus, B. juncea, or B. rapa but was reduced in B. carinata and S. alba
Data Reporting Tool
What traits (heat tolerance and drought stress) do we observe about the individuals of each group resulting from the interaction of genetic makeup with the environment? Why does one genotype perform well in one environment, but not in another? What are the best performing genotypes for a given environment in terms of seed and oil yield? What are net economic returns from best performing genotypes when included in wheat-based rotations? What is the improvement in supply chain efficiency over conventional genotypes?
Joelle camelina was the only winter-type that was able to survive the winter in the Great Plains. All winter-types survived at Moscow, ID. Extreme weather (hail) destroyed oilseeds prior to harvest at Sidney, MT. Flooding and water logging prevented establishment of oilseeds at Temple, TX. Extreme summer dryness prevented fall establishment of winter-types at Pendleton, OR.