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FITNESS

Fueling Your Way To Peak Gymnastics

Perfonnance By Kathy Engelbert-Fenton, MPH,RD

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Sports Nutrition Consultant University of Utah ave you ever thought ofhaving a baked potato for breakfast? Well , that's what Senior National Women's Team member Missy Marlowe (Rocky Mountain Gym) does. In fact, she sometimes has two! "With baked potatoes, I can get the complex carbohydrates I need at breakfast without getting any fat," Missy remarked matterof-factly. "I know how important carbohydrates are in providing me with the energy I need to make it through a busy day." Missy is starting to put into practice what she has learned about nutrition and eating the right kinds of foods to give her high energy levels and enhance her performance in the gym. Most of us could list several reasons why eating a balance diet is important for our general health and well-being. If you're a gymnast, good nutrition is essential. It can mean the difference between a winning routine and a disappointing or even disastrous performance. If you haven't had enough to eat or you haven't eaten the right kinds of foods , not only will your body be starving for energy, but so will your brain. Your thinking and concentration abilities will be impaired, so mistakes will be made in your routines. Even worse, one of those mistakes could spell injury. In addition, without enough of the right food fuel, your body will start to break down its own muscle to provide you with the

energy you need. And that's the last thing a gymnast, who relies on strength as well as skill, wants to have happen! Okay, now that you're convinced you need to be eating well, it's time to change your eating habits-like Missy did. "I really love junk food and ate a lot of it," she admitted, "but I realized it wasn't doing me any good. Then I learned about what eating 'right' meant and how it could help me in gymnastics. So I decided it was time for me to start making some changes in my diet." Wha t Missy learned is summarized in the following recommendations.

Eat a Variety of Foods You need about 40 different nutrients to stay healthy. These include water, vitamins, minerals and the three energy-containing nutrients: protein, carbohydrate and fat. No single food or food group supplies all of these nutrients in the needed amounts . To assure yourself of an adequate diet, include choices from each of the following food categories daily: • fruits • vegetables • milk, cheese, yogurt • dry beans, peas, lentils, nuts • whole grains, cereals, breads • meat, poultry, {ish, eggs

Concentrate on Foods High in Complex Carbohydrates More commonly known as starches, complex carbohydrates are the best fuel for physical activ-

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ity and brain energy, and they provide a wide variety of vitamins and minerals. For example, potatoes are a good source of vitamins C and B6, niacin, thiamin, iron, magnesium and folacin while containing no fat and only a trace of sodium. And one medium potato contains only 110 calories. Complex carbohydrate foods also contain lots of plant fiber, which has recently been shown to help in the prevention and treatment of diabetes, heart disease and certain types of cancer. To add complex carbohydrate to your diet, eat more of the following foods: • potatoes • rice, barley • spaghetti, macaroni, noodles • whole-grain breads, muffins, rolls • tortillas, pita bread • pancakes, waffles • cooked and ready-to-eat cereals • fruits • vegetables • dry beans and peas Simple carbohydrates, such as sugar and candy, provide calories but little else in the way of nutrients. And they can disturb your blood sugar levels, causing weakness, dizziness and mental fatigue. To avoid excessive simple carbohydrates, eat less sugars, sweet desserts, candy, soft drinks, and presweetened cereals. (Note: corn syrup, fructose, dextrose, glucose, maltose, lactose and sucrose are all undercover names for sugar-so read labels!)

Avoid Too Much Fat, Saturated Fat and Cholesterol Dietary fat is an essential nutrient and a major source of calories. But if you eat too many fat calories, your body will store them more easily than calories from other nutrients. This results in extra fat weight being added to your body-instead of muscle-causing you to lose that lean look that is so important in gymnastics. Also, too much fat, especially saturated fat and cholesterol, is a

Profile for USA Gymnastics

USA Gymnastics - May/June 1987  

USA Gymnastics - May/June 1987