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" The Official Publication of the United States Gymnastics Federation"

VOL. 11 NO. 4

JULY/AUGUST 1982 Features

14 McDonald's® Championships of the USA - Women Ward Black Tracee Talavera wins her second USA Championship in a row over challengers Julianne McNamara,Amy Koopman and Gina Stallone.


24 McDonald's® Championships of the USA - Men In Syracuse, N.Y., Californian Peter Vidmar wins his second USA Championship in three ye;u-s.

Ward Black

32 1982 USGF International Invitational Both USA Teams won - defeating strong teams from Russia, China and Japan - as Diane Durham, Kathy Johnson and Li Ning won the all-around titles.

Ward Black

S4 1982 USGF Rhythmic Gymnastics National Champi~nships Fort Worth hosted these annual championships for over 100 junior and senior rhythmic gymnasts.

Monika Heilbut



Editorial 1982 USGF Congress -

Roger Counsil Fort Worth

10 Guest Opinion The Artistic and the Unartistic ...


42 International: Moscow/Riga - Women's Report Moscow/Riga - Men's Report Champions-All - Women's Report Hungarian Invitational - Men's Report German Democratic Republic Invitational German Democratic Republic Invitational -

Toby Towson

Women's Report Men's Report

SO National: USGF Men's Team Tournament

S2 Sports Medicine Home Treatment Program for Ankle Sprains

Robin Netwell Dan Connelly Steve Whitlock Jim Howard Bill Sands Ken Allen

Bill Ballester Larry Gardner

60 USGF Bulletin/Calendar On the cover: A copy of the May(June '82 issue ofUSGF GYMNASTICS with Peter Vidmar on the cover, is along side seven conception covers. From top to bottom - Yumi Mordre, Mario McCutcheon, Gina Stallone, Amy Koopman, Mitch Gaylord, Peter Vidmar, Chris Riegel and Selina Woolery.


USGF phoros by Dave Black; conception cover phoco by Peter Kemp, Dallas; design by Paul Black.

United States Gymnastics Federation MEMBERS: Amateur Athletic Union; American Sokol Organization; American Turners; Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women; National Association for Girls and Womens Sports; National Association of College Gymnastics Coaches; National Association of Collegiate Gymnastics Coaches/Women; National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics; National Association of Women Gymnastics Judges; National Collegiate Athletic Association; National Federation of State High School Associations; National Gymnastics Judges Association; National High School Gymnastics Coaches Association; National Jewish Welfare Board; National Junior College Athletic Association; United States Association of Independent Gymnastics Clubs; United States Elite Coaches Association-Women; United States Gymnastics Safety Association; Young Men's Christian Association.

USGF GYMNASTICS Magazine Publisher: Roger Counsil, Executive Director USGF. Managing Editor/Art Director: Rich Kenney, USGF Director of Marketing and Communications. Editor/Writer: Ward Black. Artist/Photographer: Dave Black. Men's Contributing Editor: Mas Watanabe, USGF Men's Program Director. Spores Medicine Contributing Editor: Dr. Neal Small. Design and Production: Hales/Black Design, Dallas, Texas. Business Manager: Mike Gilmore. Advertising Manager: Peter Koch-Weser, Koch-Weser Co. 213/836-2642.

USGF GYMNASTICS is printed bi-monthly by the United States Gymnastics Federation. Subscription rates for 6 issues are: USA· SI O; Canada· $! 2 (US currency) and foreign · S30 (US currency, air mail). Single copy price is S1. 75. Copyright © 1982 by USGF. All rights reserved. Printed in USA. Address all correspondence, subscription orders and notifications of change of address to USGF Gymnastics, P.O. Box 7686, Ft. Worth, Texas 76111. No responsibility is assumed for Joss or damage to unsolicited manuscripts or artwork. All editorial contributions should be accompanied by self-addressed stamped envelopes. Executive and editorial offices located at 4150 Meacham Blvd., Haltom City, Texas 76117. Unless expressly identified to the contrary, all articles, statements and views printed herein are attributable solely to the author and the United States Gymnastics Federation expresses no opinion thereon and assumes no responsibility therefor. USGF GYMNASTICS JULY/AUGUST '82





n planning for a USGF Congress, the national office has always attempted to begin with an underlying philosophy which we hope is reflected in a theme. The 1982 USGF Congress is addressing itself to Olympianism. We studied the problem of the usage of the word Olympianism, because it could be construed as elitism. However, Olympianism is the whole universe of gymnastics. It is the grassroots level, the Junior Olympic age group level, and the Elite level all rolled into one colossal package. Oftentimes it is felt that the USGF does not address itself to the grassroots developmental aspects of gymnastics. We are charged with many duties pursuant with our USGF constitutional by-laws and are attempting to fulfill all of them. One of these, of course, is to address ourselves to the international level - the formation of our USA National Team and representative athletes who are sent to the many different international competitions including the Olympic Games, Pan-Am Games, and World Championships. We do feel, however, that we are now increasingly addressing ourselves to the problems of beginning gymnasts - the formative level gymnasts, who are just getting started in the sport - through a series of clinics, the projected U.S.G.F./McDonald's "Head over Heels" program to begin in 1983, and through original research and surveys of the gymnastics community, we feel that we are becoming more effective at the base of the learning pyramid. From the first time young gymnasts set foot on a training beam or attempt to turn over in tumbling, they are seeing themselves as beginning on the road to the Olympic Games. We view our charge

"The underlying philosophical thrust of the USGF Congress in any year is to help coaches, administrators, teachers, and officials be better at what they do. " as the ones who pave that road and this is done in many ways. Such as, the underlying philosophical thrust of the USGF Congress in any year is to help coaches, administrators, teachers and officials be better at what they do. In addition, there are many facets of gymnastics which must then be addressed: Exposure to the most current teaching methods and training techniques; becoming apprised of the latest interpretations by international officials; sports medicine, sports psychology, bio-mechanics, technical development, psychology of coaching; and last but certainly not least, familiarization with all of the myriad of products that are available for the gymnastics community. We want to touch the lives of people in all of these areas with the USGF Congress, while providing a forum for the exchange of ideas through panel discussions and the many, many informal discussions that take place in the lobbies and various areas surrounding a USGF Congress. The Congress has become a tradition. It has become symbolic of the unification of the whole gymnastics community, whether a class III coach or an elite coach, whether judge or program administrator. The gymnastics community has the opportunity first hand to update themselves on current trends and address the problems that exist in the sport. We have a unique Congress in '82. The Americana hotel in Fort Worth is still more condusive to meetings. 6

SEPT 23-26






'--J The exhibitors area is again expanded, exposing the gymnastics community to many new products in the area of apparel, training aids, and literature along with programs that can enhance one's effectiveness in their field. Our Thursday evening session will be primarily addressing areas of business for program directors; including topics such as program promotions, advertising, basic accounting, helping to set up your programs' budget, strategic business planning and program marketing. In addition, the area of liability in gymnastics, something about which we are all continually aware, is being addressed at this Congress by Betty Van der Smittsen of Bowling Green University - an authority in the United States on liability in athletics and physical education. We hope that she will be a force in the formation of philosophies as related to this subject.

"The Congress has become a tradition . " Adding to our sports science presentation will be a sports medicine session endorsed by the Regional Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM), coordinated by Dr. Peter Raven, Vice-President of Basic and Applied Science of the American College of Sports Medicine, in Madison, Wisconsin. This presentation will address basic training and specificity; muscle fiber type and how it affects/limits skill potential; role of cardiovascular endurance in an anaerobic workout; rapid weight loss and some of the consequences; and pertinent information on drugs which might be administered to the athlete for treatment of an injury. Also, this year the subject of sports medicine is being USGF GYMNASTICS JULY/AUGUST '82

·--------- -------------------- ------------------------------- --~

Congress Registration Form* Cost (including Banquet) $40/ person ** Cost (excluding Banquet) $30/ person **

SEPT 23-26



D Current Member of U.S .G.F


CITY: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ STATE: _ _ _ _ __




Please Return Registration to: USGF Congress '82 Box 7686 Fort Worth, TX 76111 For Further Information call: 817-485 -7630

Please check appropriate boxes: Area of Interests:

D Administration D Business D Coaching DJudging DSportSciences D Ot her ( Are You : D Coach D Instructor D Judge D Medical Personnel, Trainer, etc. ) D Teacher D Other ( Is Your Program: D Pre-school D Elementary School D High School D University D Private Club D Other ( ) * Please enclose check or money order with registration form . •• Late Reg istratio n Fee $5 .00 + Congress Fee, if rece ived afte r Sept. 5th

presented addressing preventative avenues to avoid injuries. There will also be many symposia and discussions in areas such as athletic training, bio-mechanics, and physiology of exercise where we can all become better trained and gain better insight to make us more effective at what we do. We look forward annually to Congress, which signifies to many the beginning of the season of training and competitions that produce so many gymnasts in the United States. We hope the Congress will continue to improve and that the people in the gymnastics community who attend will avail themselves of the many experts who will be on hand for lectures and discussions.

"Sports medicine, technical development, bio-mechanics, business and legal liability in athletics ... " All of us are looking forward to the 1984 Olympics in Los Angeles, and to the success of our gymnasts competing there. This years Congress kicks off our own "Road to '84," and to continued Olympic success in the future Olympiads. Our athletes' success reflects all our success, join all of us on the Road to '84 and join the Olympic Movement in amatuer sports. Be involved, everyone is welcome and all of us are needed to help gymnastics grow towards Olympic success. I look forward to seeing you all at the '82 USGF Congress. To financially aid those coming to the Congress this year and in what looks like the best solution so far in combating the rising cost of travel for gymnastics, the USGF has entered into an agreement with USAATU. United States Amateur Athletic Travel Union membership provides discounts of 25 percent on Holiday Inn lodging, 25 percent on Hertz Rent a Car, and 25 to 35 percent on American Airlines tickets for all amateur athletes and their immediate families plus administrators and officials. The USGF will be supplying USAATU cards to its senior national team members and using USAATU computer information to help plan cost savings for future USGF events.

Editorial Reply: USGF President Bud Wilkinson The United States Gymnastics Federation is the internationally recognized national governing body for gymnastics in the United States. One of the many mandates we undertake is to assemble and to train our U.S. Olympic Gymnastics Team for each Olympic Games. To prepare our Olympic athletes adequately always takes many years of preparation and, of course, financial assistance. Recently on NBC's Sports-World, the U.S. Gymnastics Federation was unjustly accused by one of its coaches of not participating in helping to prepare our gymnasts. Our plan of preparation is on-going-including the coordination of our national program which involves national coaching clinics, our annual coaches Congress and a network of state and regional competitions throughout the entire nation. Thousands of young gymnasts participate in these programs. This is the foundation for our USA National Teams, who compete internationally every year, in preparation for each upcoming Olympics. This year alone our gymnasts have defeated some of the world's best teams from Japan, the Soviet Union and the Peoples Republic of China. In the 70's, the USGF national programs helped to prepare our 8

gymnasts who won gold medals in the World Championships in 1978 and 79; Americans - Marcia Frederick, Kurt Thomas and Bart Conner. We are very proud of these unprecedented accomplishments, and of these gymnasts. The USGF and I'm sure all other amateur sports organizations in the U.S. share the same frustrations with our many coaches; in that we are never able to do enough to help our athletes. We can always do more. The U.S. is always in the unenviable position of competing against nations that receive direct government subsidation for their athletes. The U.S. Olympic Committee and all 33 national governing bodies constantly work on raising revenue to help all our country's Olympic hopefuls. Our young gymnasts have been very successful competing on the international level since trying to recover from the 1980 Olympic Boycott. There is never 100% agreement among coaches with regard to coaching philosophy. However, our national coaches are very optimistic about our future, about the effectiveness of our national program and ab_o ut the 1984 Olympics in Los Angeles. Our gymnasts could perhaps compete better in 1984 than in any Olympics to date. The United States Gymnastics Federation is proud of the accomplishments of our athletes and of it's progressive national program - helping thousands of youngsters enjoy gymnastics throughout our country and for our country's finest gymnasts to prepare for the Olympic Games.

McDonald's Update: The editorial in the March/April 1982 issue of USGF GYMNASTICS over simplified the description of our relationship with the McDonalds corporation. We stated that McDonalds was "the USGF Official National Sponsor of our National and Olympic mens and womens artistic teams." The correct description of our relationship should read "McDonalds is the official sponsor of the USGF National Men's and Women's Artistic Teams from which the 1984 Olympic Teams will be selected." Coverage of the McDonalds sponsored USGF Championships of the USA begin on page 31.

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uring the past few years I've come to share the viewpoint that the world of compe titive artistic gymnastics is suffering from a lack of artistic spirit. Optimistically I think we're just going through a phase of the development of the art/sport of gymnastics, but I think we need to do some soul searching and make some basic changes in order to reverse some of the unfortunate trends which are currently dominating artistic gymnastics training and performances. In 1972 the world was introduced to Olga Korbut and things began to change. Gymnastics became more popular now that we had an international celebrity, and at seventeen she was young and charming. I think of Olga as the "subj ective" champion because she won by virtue of her charisma, youth, and courage rather than by pure technical proficiency. Olga captured our hearts while the complete and mature masters of gymnastics like Karen Janz and Ludmilla Tourisheva h ad to settle for less than their due. One immediate result of Olga's popularity was the rise of private gym schools in America and the international search for the next "Olga." Young girls now had their foot in the door of international gymnastics, but the judges at the 1976 Games in Montreal were confronted with a wonder kid of another color. Nadia Comaneci

"The artistry ofgymnastics is the ability to make difficult movement look effortless, graceful and natural. " at fourteen was three years younger than Olga had been at Munich , and her mastery was on the other side of the coin. Technique was everything and the style was d ry. Nadia could be called the "scientific" champion; her concentration was so intense there was little room for the intimate contact with her audience which had been Olga's forte. Nadia's scientific technique was nearly perfect and sh e accomplished a new degree of difficulty in her routines. Although her performances were artistic, I feel sh e lacked the full gift of a mature artistic spirit. The judges didn't seem to mind Nadia's incompleteness; high tech science and youth won over mature artistry. Nelli Kirn was my champion in the 1976 Olympics, and I'm sorry she wasn't rewarded for the artistic maturity and completeness of her performances. From my point of view it's been mostly downhill since then, at least in women's gymnastics. The men have done better, although they have a similar problem. Women's gymnastics, especially in America, has almost ceased to exist in the highest category of competition the sport offers, international elite level. The American competitive gymnastics seems bent on producing hyper technical wonder kids, to find or train a new "Nadia," with hopefully a touch of Olga's charm, an American super hero international champion child. The emphasis here is not on maturity or artistic qualities but on raw physical prowess, the ability to throw the h ardest tricks. Expression, beauty and transitional elements frequently take second place to the excitement of a new and harder stunt. It seems to m e a "stock car" mentality has taken over our sport. The crowd seems to enjoy the excitement of difficult stunts more than the beauty, grace, and expression of a mature artistic spirit. But worse than the uneducated crowd's reaction, the International Gymnastics Federation and the United States Gymnastics Federation are encouraging this trend. More than in the past, 10


0 >.c

s 0

i judges reward difficulty over fine execution. On the balance beam, where the very essence is to stay on the beam in balance, there is less of a dedu ction for falling off to encourage difficult tumbling rather than perfect balance and artistic composition. In the floor exercise event there is more credit given to a bad double back than to an unusual combination of tumbling skills, more credit given to a poorly completed triple twist than to a perfectly executed double full twist, and little credit given for intricate acrobatic dance phrases or clarity of focus. I h ave never und erstood what the judges mean by "risk, originality , and virtuosity, R.0.V. " It seems to have been interpreted to encourage gymnasts to work beyond their ability, to offer excessive rewards for taking chances. It reminds me of the Peter Principle, an idea in business that theorizes the bureaucracy promotes people to a level of incompetency, creating red tape and mismanagement. In gymnastics it's the idea that one attempts to

About the Author -

Toby Towson was a many time National Floor Exerci se Champion at Michigan Sta te University. Currently, Toby is a touring member of the United Statt:s Professional Gymnastics Cl assi c, Director of the American Acrobatic Dance Theatre in New York City and a contributing writer for INTERNA TIONAL GYMNAST. USGF GYMNASTICS JULY/AUGUST '82

perform his or her absolutely highest possible difficulty rather than performing at a level consistent with one's mastery of technique. There is certainly a place in our sport for difficuli tricks and exciting stunts, but these are best presented as part of an artistic whole balancing difficulty with musicality, expression, and fineness of execution. I enjoy seeing difficult tricks performed well, but I do not like to be aware of the exertion, effort, and danger of the skill. The artistry of gymnastics is the ability to make difficult movement look effortless, graceful, and natural. Otherwise we have the "stock car" mentality at work, enjoying the near misses and encouraging high risk beyond the gymnast's ability to make the movement look safe and beautiful. Unfortunately, judging from the many injuries and short competitive careers of most girl gymnasts, this "stock car" mentality is the predominant influence in our sport today, starting at the highest administrative levels and filtering down to the private clubs.

"Expression, beauty and transitional elements frequently take second place to the excitement of a new and harder stunt." Part of the reason for the many injuries in competitive gymnastics must be attributed to coaches who try to take the shortest path possible to the high difficulty tricks rather than letting these tricks develop out of a strict progression of skills. Highly technical hand spotting and the use of pits are wonderful innovations and necessary aids in advanced gymnastics training, but they are not substitutes for proper and safe progressions even though the progressions may take longer to learn. Overspotting and letting gymnasts bumble or dismount repeatedly into a pit can be poor excuses for not teaching well. The real teacher in a gym will motivate and inspire the gymnasts to perfect their basic skills and learn progressions. The aspiring artistic gymnast will need and seek some form of training in music and dance to develop sensitivity to space and time. Slow motion movement can be a particularly good teacher. The training of actors, or theater arts, can also be helpful so the performer can learn about different sides of his or her personality


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and techniques of projection. The student should try to understand the emotions and how to direct his focus clearly. Learning to move with the different qualities of the elements of nature (earth, water, fire, and air) and also moving with the different qualities of specific animals can be a valuable experience for the development of artistic spirit. The accomplished artistic gymnast must also learn the art of relaxation. Tension accumulates .in everyone and can cause tightness and bad posture, but it is possible through various techniques of relaxation, i.e., breath control, yoga, therapeutic exercises, and massage, to release tension and insure not only safer workouts but stronger and more efficient muscles. And finally, because the physical body is the instrument of expression, its maintenance requires the artistic gymnast to learn proper nutrition and to find the balanced diet that works best for their particular needs. There are no shortcuts to developing a mature artistic gymnast. A popular maxim in the dance world says that it takes ten years training to develop mastery of the dance. How much longer must it take to develop an artistic gymnast who can not only dance well but also perform the high difficulty of athletic skills demanded by modern gymnastics competition? We must begin by instilling in young gymnasts the joy of perfecting basic movements and the knowledge that these skills and safe progressions repeated religiously are the true stepping stones to the most difficult and beautiful gymnastics possible. With this knowledge and a firm grasp of basics our young gymnasts may be willing to put in the necessary time, effort and concentration to make the transition from child gymnast to adult gymnast. If our young gymnasts can taste near perfection in their daily practice of basics then every

''. .. gymnastics is suffering from a lack of artistic spirit." workout will be an accomplishment and the foundation for difficult tricks will be well set. Given the current state of our sport I must consider myself a radical, against the mainstream, and opposed to the direction charted during the past decade by the established order and administrative branches, the U.S.G.F. and F.I.G. From my viewpoint judging at most international competitions looks blatantly corrupt and political, so it's hard to believe in the morals and good faith of the F.I.G. until they actively take steps to curb the injustices which occur so predictably. Gene Wettstone, former Olympic coach and judge, has proposed a code of ethics for international gymnastics judges and a return to the open scoring system so that biased judging would be easier to identify.• This would certainly be a step in the right direction. In regional and national competition in America, U.S.G.F. judges simply don't take enough deductions for sloppy work. Perhaps they are overly dazzled by big tricks or just not trained well enough to see the countless form breaks, loss of balance, and lack of quality in most routines, In all fairness the judges are not aided by a system of judging which would be better suited for computers than human beings. In America I'd like to see the U.S.G.F. concern itself more with introducing a good basic gymnastics program into the national public school system and popularizing the joyful and healthy benefits of basic gymnastics for all people, rather than concentrating narrowly on gold medal international competition. In any case a gold medal in a subjective sport like gymnastics with corrupt judges is not necessarily the shining pinnacle of success it is in other more measurable sports. With a larger and growing grass roots participation and a return to artistic standards of excellence which were the foundation of modern day artistic gymnastics the U.S.G.F. could help create the most beautiful and inspiring art/sport the world has yet seen. 'Gymnastics Guide, edited by Hal Straus, 1978 by World Publications, Mountain View, California 94042



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This years Championships of the USA came down to the last event to determine the USA Champion. An inconsistent year for Tracee Talavera all came together for her in Salt Lake City.

ICE IN A Row FOR TRACEE ... Photography by Dave Black


alt Lake City: - In last year's 1981 Championships of the USA held in Pennsylvania's Lehigh Valley, Julianne McNamara and Gina Stallone could have won. . . but Tracee Talavera did. McNamara fell in compulsory beam and Stallone had a disasterous 7 . 70 3-fall optional beam routine. Competition between the top women gymnasts in this country had never been this close. USA Team depth was beginning to build; no one gymnast was going to dominate any two competi· tions in a row. Winning meant routines of R.O.V., form of consistency. Tracee won with consistency in 1981 ... and again in 1982. Compulsories: - 16 y ear-old Tracee Talavera finished Thursday's compulsory session at the University of Utah's Special Events Center in fifth place. She scored 37.55, .3 5 behind the compulsory winner Julianne McNamara at 3 7.90. In second, third and fourth were Amy Koopman , Gina Stallone and Michelle Goodwin. In her first event, uneven bars, 'fracee failed to cast up to handstand preceeding the free-hip straddle hecht dismount, and also lost tenths for piking too much in the dismount. A solid routine was weak at the end; her 9.15 was 14th overall on the event. Julianne won compulsory bars, also her first event, with a 9.65 routine. She might have had three major breaks, excepting her strength enabled her to save her set. And after one event, Amy Koopman, who had begun on floor, was the leader at 9.70. McNamara, Stallone, Goodwin, Collins and Johnson were filling the other top spots. Tracee was somewhere deep in the field of the nation's top 34 senior elites. USGF GYMNASTICS JULY/AUGUST '82

Then Tracee began to move. A score of 9.40 for a solid routine tied her for second on balance beam , her second USGF event. She was the current world bronze \Von1en's medalist on beam and this experience Gyll1llastics helped. A miss, a fall or any number of .10 Championships times of lost balance could have kept her of the far from the lead or even the top six. USA At the halfway point, McNamara May 27-29th after her UB and BB routines was the leader at 19.0 5 with the SCATS's Luci Spe cial Events Cenle r Collins in second. Luci had won beam Un!Yersity of U ta!1 with a 9.50, and in her next event, vault· ing, would finish second with 9.55. Amy Koopman lost the lead having difficulty with the handspring full compulsory vault, scoring only 9.25 - a score that ,u1 ..""' \ ronml finished 20th in that event. Cluu npln n ,.""'"" However , for Tracee , vaulting Talu·.: n1 would prove to be the backbone of her compulsories that day. She won the event with a 9.60, her highest score of the night. Then came her last event; on FX she had another solid performance. Her compulsory vault clearly had the best distance with the best control and form; and after a rough start on LIB she had climbed back into fifth position. No gymnast had dominated the compulsories. Each event had a different winner: V · Talavera, UB · McNamara, BB · Collins, and FX · Koopman. The top five compulsory finishers were all members of the current World Championships Team McNamara, Koopman, Stallone, Goodwin and Talavera. They have had the most competitive experience with these routines and it showed. Only Kathy Johnson, who had finished in a 15th tie last November in Moscow, fell to ninth overall. She, alike Talavera, had troubles with the handstands in the compulsory bars - scoring only 8.75 , 26th on the event. And on beam, a multitude of bobbles

1982 McDonald's,.


kept her in 11th at 8.90. Commentary: - Overall, after two years of work on these 1984 Olympic compulsory routines, they are improved and more consistent. Team depth is better (only 2.05 separated first and 23rd) and two surprises of the meet included the additions of Luci Collins, sixth, and Kelly Garrison, eighth, back to the i:op ten. However, in Friday morning's Salt Lake City Tribune, Julianne McNamara echoed the same complaint she had the year before, " . .. this is only the second meet this year in which I've had to do compulsories, so we don't really work that much on them." Everyone is looking forward to Los Angeles and the '84 Olympic Games, now just two years away. One goal is team placement, and one of the keys to successfully meet that goal is compulsories. Supposedly, the compulsories have historically and mistakenly been overlooked as simplistic routines. Many can argue in fact that this indeed is true. But the pressure of competing these compulsories can be even more intense than in optionals - 1) multiple missed routines can occur and 2) positive or negative momentum can be contagious within team members. The Chinese and East German's would have been much closer in score to the Russian women in the last World Championships if they had hit compulsories. They were inconsistent and the Soviets hit 100% ; allowing the Russians a lead that was never seriously challenged in optionals. If a key in international competition is compulsories, and a key to a top potential compulsory team score is consistency; and accepting the philosophy that competitive experience helps to reduce pressure and build confidence, the conclusion seems fairly clear. More compulsory competitons are needed . . . insurance of competitive exposure and experience can't hurt. Julianne McNamara (left) was the leader throughout the competition, until her last event. Michelle Goodwin ( below) finished fLfth all-aro und and second in floor exercise.

Also, it would be shallow to only mention this in connection with women's competiton. The NCAA is also guilty of de-emphasizing the need for compulsories for the men. Men's collegiate competition came of international age in 1970 with the inclusion of the Olympic compulsories into team, all-around and event-final competitions. Now, some 13 years later after unprecedented USA international growth and success, compulsories are close to NCAA extinction. In the decade of the 70's the emphasis on NCAA compulsory competition in dual meets , qualifying and championship meets directly resulted in the USA Team's success in 1979 and the International World Championships of Kurt Thomas and Bart Conner. The 1982 NCAA all-around compulsory depth was weak. The quality of the gymnastics was still improving, but the competitive depth was not the same as in the past . . . there was a shelf after the top 10. And what will that depth be like in two, four or six years? The world and domestic economy is causing NCAA men's gymnastics programs to be dropped, not compulsories. Compulsory de-emphasization clearly seems to be a step backwards to 1968. In the last two years, Julianne McNamara has expressed to this writer and other journalists around the country in a matter-of-fact manner, that she does not feel competitively comfortable in compulsory competitions. She wants a little more experience in pressured competition. August of 1984 will be no time to look back and •say, "We should have listened . . . " - Ward Black Optionals: - After the compulsory sessions, one thing was apparent - excepting Collins and Garrison, nobody new was about to crack into the top ten. All of a sudden longevity was looking like a topic to be discussed about the entire USA Team, and not just centering around 22 year-old, 6 year USA National Team member Kathy Johnson. The entire 1981 USA World Championships Team was still intact, still competing; no one was retiring. In

Amy Koopman (right) challenged Talavera and McNamara all meet l ong, but a fall on a beam in optionals kept her third overall. Lucy \Vener (above) demonstrated exacting form on an undergrip stalder. (Below) Lisa Mc Vay on beam from Washington D.C. 's MarVaTeens.

fact, since last November all six all-around competitors had improved - upgrading their difficulty and improving routine composition, as well as, continually working to improve their compulsories. In too many years in the past, as an Olympics or World Championships ended, two, three or four of the country's top gymnasts would retire. The USA Team would turn over and turn over again, but now talent and experience was being further prepared, potentially in tune to make a run at LA-84. After the first rotation, Amy Koopman was tied with Julianne McNamara for the lead. Amy began on vaulting, and scored an event winning 9 .75 for an excellent, high tucked Cuervo (handspring 1/2-back). Julianne hit a solid, and a now conservative, beam routine. Conservative or not (dismounting full and not the tuck double-back she has been working on) her 9.60 kept her in the lead and eventually won the event. Tracee Talavera also began on beam. Her 9.55 was second only to her teammate McNamara's 9.60. Tracee moved ahead of Michelle Goodwin and into fourth position behind McNamara, Koopman and Stallone. Goodwin had trouble with her vault, full-on full-off, to score 9.00- 34th in the event of 34 competitors. The first round was a little shakey, eight routines were missed. Marie Roethlisberger electrified the second round with a 9.80 uneven bars routine. In Friday afternoon's junior competition, there were numerous young gymnasts performing giants and tuck double-back dismounts, but Marie's powerfully swung giants and 18


high tuck double-back were clearly the days finest. The second event for the front-runners was hit. McNamara hit floor, Johnson, Koopman and Lederer hit bars and Stallone and Collins hit vaulting. And Talavera came to a crossroads on FX .. her mount, front through to piked double-back. Since the World Championships this was a new mount for her, and it had been inconsistent all spring. Tracee would have won her second American Cup if she had hit h er piked double last March, and she had trouble with it at Mixed-Pairs and in the USA/USSR dual meet. Sometimes she would over-rotate and othertimes under-rotate. She nailed the mount in the USA/Hungary and USA/China meets. No one questioned if sh e could handle it, only when would it become consistent. In the last year and some Tracee has grown. Competition and training had become inconsistent because of the changes in weight and strength. Adjustments and changes were needed to continue training effectively, and patience was a must. Her coaches Dick and Linda Mulvihill showed a patient, effective philosophy of training. Tracee not only maintained her training level, but continued to improve. All four events were now better than in November, when she placed 20th in the world in her first major international competition. But still, her floor mount remained inconsistent. Her comeback from her first event included four event placements of fifth, two seconds and a first. In warmups, she was having good success with the pike double - solid landings - and she was competing well, momentum was with her. Now her 1981 title was on the line; would she or wouldn't she ... hit or miss? Pike double-back .. . nailed, right¡on the money - 9.50. On to vaulting. After two events: McNamara and Koopman remained tied at 57.10 each scoring 9.60, Stallone - 56.65, Talavera 56.50, Collins (Below) Georgia 's Kadiy Johnson qualified for die USA National Team for me seven m y ear in a row. Barrie M uzbeck (above)from Detroit, f"mished 12d1 in m e all -around.

- 56.15 , Lederer- 55.80, Goodwin - 55. 7 5, Roethlisberger55.55 , Johnson - 55.45 and 10th Garrison - 54.95. After compulsories 2.05 separated first through 23rd, and now 2.05 separated first through 10th. As the third round began, obviously the battle for Champion of the USA was going to come down to a duel between McNamara and Koopman. Julianne was having another solid , consistent meet and Amy had stayed right with her, and had even worked her way back to a tie after a tough 9.25 compulsory vault . . . . But it was now going to turn into a game of dominos. First on beam, Koopman lost her balance after a front aerial and fell. She finished her set, but it was shakey. Her face remained calm, but in her eyes she was obviously not pleased. She scored 8.95. However, round three would end without any more changes in the top five. McNamara and Talavera would hit vaulting, Stallone hit bars,Johnson and Goodwin hit balance beam. The last round, and Julianne was leading with only uneven bars, her best, most secure event. Gina had now moved into second and was .45 behind 66.30 to 66.7 5 .. . but after Koopman's miss on beam it looked like it was all Julianne. Then, three stories unfolded in this last round . . . 1) the competition for the Chan1pionships of the USA had come down to three girls. all who would be competing on one of their top events - McNamara and Talavera on bars, and Stallone on beam ; 2) for the all-important USA Team top 8 slots, numbers 4 , 5, 6 , 7 and 8 Koopman, Goodwin, Lederer, Roethlisberger and.Johnson-were all competing head to head on floor; 3) and for Luci Collins she was iri ninth and competing on beam after a fall on bars. First Luci . . . Luci Collins had never seriously challenged for the lead after her second compulsory event, but she was having a terrific meet, perhaps the most important of her gymnastics career. This was her second attempt at a comeback in two years, not to (Above) Lisa Zeis. Yumi Mordre (below), USA Champion in vaulting.

''All of a sudden longevity was looking like a topic to be discussed about the entire USA Team ... " mention it was only her second meet this season. Most all her routines were shakey, but she was getting through and if nothing else she was going to make the USA National Team this year. She had missed on bars, but finished strong to score an 8. 70. At that point, one poor event could have left her far behind, but that was before round four. Others would miss, but Luci hit beam - dismounting with tuck double-back - to score 9.50 and finish seventh in the all-around. On floor, everyone hit fairly solid and the five scores ranged from 9.30 to 9.55. Amy Koopman touched out her mount -front through to piked double-back - but danced her way to a strong finish and still scored 9.50. Kathy Johnson had been on the edge of falling from the top 10 all meet, but she was having an excellent optional meet so far and floor exercise proved to be no exception for her . . . these top 10 positions would remain intact. And frna.lly to Gina, Julianne and Tracee ... Julianne was first to compete, and she missed. She had trouble with kip change to under-grip straddle cast to handstand. A part she has pressed out to handstand many time before, but not tonight. She Jost momentum, and eventually turned on a pirouette and came off. Score - 8.90, and she alike Koopman had let the Championships slide away. Next, was Gina on beam, an event she has scored well on . USA Trials - 9.60, Moscow - 9.60, American Cup - 9 .80 and USNHungary - 9.85. Her flip-flop tuck back tumbling combination is a clinic; the flip-flop's ending position is strong, the hands reach up, head stays in then goes back as she goes into the tuck, the back flip is high, opens and lands solid. A tumbling part done very well . . . but not this time. Gina lost her balance on the landing, and after many agonizing attempts to stay on the beam - she came off. USGF GYMNASTICS JULY/AUGUST '82


1rm1--------------Her USA Championship was gone in an instant. Lastly, Tracee came up on bars, and she didn't even play conservative. She included a combination she sometimes leaves out during competition, under-grip staider pirouette to a free full pirouette into a bar beat, and dismounted with a toe-on half-back tuck full twist ... score 9. 75 .. . Tracee Talavera - 1982 Champion of the USA! Ah, yes ... consistency. Notes, stats, numbers and observations: Conclusions to this competition could be multiple and varied. Consider the following: Including both junior and senior meets of the 42 member USA National Teams, 16 d ubs were represented10 National Academy of Artistic Gymnastics, 7 Parkettes, 6 SCA TS, 4 Mid-America Twisters, 3 Berks and 11 others; the coaches at the National Academy of Artistic Gymnastics in Eugene, Oregon have now trained the last four Champions of the USA - 1979 Leslie Pyfer, 1980Julianne McNamara and 1981-1982 Tracee Talavera; the USA top 10 continue to improve, but best of all they are still competing; depth is ever-increasing in the top 6 and in the entire 21-member USA Team; there were many misses - in optionals 32 out of 132 routines had major breaks - pressure, the altitude, too long a season?; in the three competitions compulsories, optionals and event finals - of the 12 events, no one gymnast dominated, different gymnasts won events: USA Champions on the four events are Yumi Mordre (NAAG) on vaulting, Marie Roethlisberger (MAT) on bars, Julianne McNamara (NAAG) on balance beam and Amy Koopman (MAT) on floor exercise. (Left) Tracee Tala vera won her Championship with a 9 . 75 UB ro utine. Lynn Lederer (below) finished sixth all-around.



McDonald's Championships of the USA May 27-29, 1982 University of Utah Salt Lake City, Utah v



1 09.600 3 09.600 1 19.200



14 09.150 2 09.750 5 18.900


2 2 3

09.400 09.550 18.950

5 3 5

09.400 09.500 18.900

5 37.550 1 3B.400 1 75.950

4 09.450 1 09.600 2 19'050

1 37.900 4 37.750 2 75.650

McNAMARA, Julianne

8 2 3

NAAG 1 09.650 2 09.400 28 OB.900 1 09.600 11 1B.550 1 19.000

09.400 09.650 19.050


MAT 09.400 09.600 19.000

2 21 6

09.400 OB.950 18.350

1 09.700 3 09.500 1 19.200

2 2 3

37.750 37.800 75.550

3 3 2

PRKT 09.400 09.650 19.050

7 09.300 20 09.000 10 18.300

2 09.500 3 09.500 4 19.000

3 6 4

37.700 37.600 75.300

BERK 7 09.300 2 09.400 17 09.150 3 09.500 13 1B.450 4 18.900

2 09.500 2 09.550 2 19.050

4 9 5

37.600 37.200 74.800

7 8 6

37.100 37.450 74.550


4 7 5

ZEIS, Lisa

3 5 3

20 09.250 1 09.750 4 19.000

09.500 09.450 18.950


20 09.250 22 09.200 22 1B.450 COLLINS, Luci

2 09.550 12 09.350 7 1B.900 JOHNSON , Kathy

10 09.200 3 09.500 8 18.700

SCAT 10 09.250 32 OB.700 23 17.950

1 09.500 3 09.500 1 19.000

20 09.050 B 09.450 11 18.500


6 37.350 11 37.000 7 74.350

5 9 7

09.400 09.400 18.800

9 36.550 4 37.750 B 74.300

2 09.450 1 09.800 1 19.250

MAT 17 08.700 B 09.400 12 18.100

B 09.300 11 09.300 9 18.600

10 36.450 2 37.800 9 74.250

SMITH, Tammy

PRKT 16 09.100 20 09.050 18 1B.150

17 OB.700 10 09.350 15 18.050

7 09.350 3 09.500 6 1B.B50

10 36.450 7 37.500 10 73.950

NAAG 5 09.350 12 09.300 8 1B.650

14 08.BOO 15 09.150 16 17.950

25 09.000 11 09.300 17 1B.300

10 36.450 10 37.100 11 73.550

AGRO 16 09.100 20 08.650 7 09.500 25 08.800 25 17.450 10 1B.600

1B 09.100 11 09.300 13 1B.400

15 36.250 11 37.000 12 73.250

BERK 20 OB.950 14 09.200 18 18.150

17 OB.700 15 09.1 50 19 17.B50

10 09.200 B 09.400 9 1B.600

20 36.050 14 36.900 13 72.950

MGS 1B 09.050 5 09.600 B 1B.650

28 08.550 21 08.950 24 17.500

25 21 21

09.000 09.100 1B.100

24 35.B50 11 37.000 14 72.B50

MARV 21 OB.B50 24 OB.950 24 17.800

B 09.000 1B 09.100 12 1B.100

10 09.200 19 09.150 15 18.350

14 36.300 17 36.500 15 72.800

SCAT 21 OB.850 14 09.200 20 1B.050

14 OB.BOO 27 OB.750 22 17.550

10 09.200 17 09.200 13 1B.400

16 36.200 19 36.450 16 72.650

PRKT 2B OB.550 12 OB.B50 29 OB.850 13 09.250 30 17.400 12 1B.100

17 09.150 23 09.000 19 1B.150

20 36.050 17 36.500 17 72.550


13 09.300 12 09.350 14 18.650 MUZBECK, Barrie

B 09.400 10 09.400 10 1B.800 HILLNER, Kim

29 09.200 27 09.150 29 1B.350 MANN, Shari

20 09.250 12 09.350 16 18.600 McVAY, Lisa

20 09.250 15 09.300 17 18.550 MONTERA, Kris

11 09.350 15 09.300 14 1B.650 CHILLANO, Maisie

4 09.500 10 09.400 7 18.900

20 31 29

09.050 OB.700 17.750

20 36.050 20 36.400 18 72.450

GMOK 5 09.350 9 OB.950 11 09.400 33 OB.1 00 7 18.750 28 17.050

20 09.050 21 09.100 19 1B.150

B 36.650 29 35.BOO 18 72.450

MAT 1B 09.050 24 08.950 22 18.000

9 09.250 27 OB.B50 21 18.100

16 36.200 23 36.100 21 72.300

20 OB.650 15 09.150 20 17.BOO PRKT

20 OB.650 25 OB.BOO 25 17.450

10 09.200 33 OB.650 27 17.B50

13 36.400 30 35.750 22 72.150


SCAT 32 OB.350 31 OB.BOO 32 17.150

24 OB.600 11 09.300 17 17.900

18 09.100 14 09.250 15 18.350

26 35.500 16 36.650 22 72.1 50

PRKT 14 09.150 20 09.050 16 1B.200

20 OB.500 24 OB.B50 27 17.350

20 09.050 23 09.000 23 18.050

23 23 24

FEGL 27 OB. 700 24 OB.600 23 09.000 11 09.300 27 17.700 17 17.900

30 OB.B50 17 09.200 23 1B.050

29 35.300 15 36.750 24 72.050

DIAB 10 09.250 19 09.100 14 1B.350

29 32 33

OB.500 OB.200 16.700

20 09.050 14 09.250 17 18.300

1B 36.100 30 35.750 26 71 .B50

DIAB 21 OB.850 24 OB.950 24 17.BOO

24 OB.600 21 OB.950 22 17.550

2B OB.900 19 09.150 23 1B.050

25 23 27

35.600 36.1 00 71 .700

RICH 29 OB.500 14 09.200 27 17.700

20 OB.650 1B 09.100 21 17.750

2B 34 33

OB.900 OB.500 17.400

30 26 2B

35.200 36.000 71 .200

STAR 12 09.200 12 09.300 12 18.500

32 OB.350 29 08.450 32 16.800

33 23 32

OB.500 09.000 17.500

2B 2B 2B

35.350 35.850 71 .200

NIAG 30 OB.450 17 09.150 29 17.600

33 28 30

OB.250 OB.600 16.B50

30 OB.B50 26 OB.950 2B 17.BOO

34 34.750 22 36.200 30 70.950

NIAG 31 25 08.800 7 09.500 30 15 18.300 30

08.450 08.400 16.B50

33 OB.500 29 08.750 34 17.250

31 27 31

7 09.450 15 09.300 12 1B.750

20 09.250 22 09.200 22 1B.450

32 09.150 19 09.250 24 1B.400 RASHOFF, Becky

13 09.300 22 09.200 19 1B.500 20 09.250 32 09.050 32 1B.300 ELLIOTT, Tammy

32 09.150 22 09.200 29 1B.350 HERMANN, Tina

13 09.300 30 09.100 24 1B.400 LOREE, Pam

29 09.200 6 09.500 13 18.700 BRUMMER, Jackie

20 09.250 19 09.250 19 1B.500 WENER, Lucy

20 09.250 27 09.1 50 24 1B.400 WOOD, Ellis

13 09.300 32 09.050 29 1B.350 HAUGHTON,

Scoring : Programming Consultants International

12 OB.B50 3 09.500 6 18.350

21 OB.850 24 OB.950 24 17.800

12 09.200 29 08.B50 20 18.050



18 36.100 21 36.350 18 72.450

9 08.950 B 09.400 6 1B.350

11 09.350 7 09.450 10 1B.BOO


OB.900 09.450 18.350

34 09.000 15 09.300 32 1B.300 13 09.300 3 09.600 7 1B.900

20 09.250 27 09.150 24 18.400


11 6 6

10 09.200 31 OB.700 26 17.900


6 09.350 13 09.250 5 18.600

ASG 26 08.750 10 09.450 16 1B.200

4 09.500 7 09.450 5 1B.950

13 09.300 22 09.200 19 18.500 SABOTKA, Sandy

MAT 09.300 09.500 1B.BOO

7 7 6

NAAG 31 OB.400 33 OB.650 33 17.050 NIAG

13 09.300 19 09.250 17 18.550 GARRISON, Kelly

GOODWIN, Michelle

8 09.400 34 09.000 24 18.400

2 09.550 3 09.600 2 19.150


29 09.200 30 09.100 32 18.300

35.950 36.100 72.050

35.000 35.900 70.900

GTCM 7 09.300 3 09.650 4 18.950

34 34 34

OB.000 07.700 15.700

27 OB.950 2B OB.BOO 29 17.750

26 35.500 32 35.300 32 70.BOO

NAAG 33 08.250 20 09.050 31 17.300

24 31 29

OB.600 08.350 16.950

30 OB.B50 29 OB.750 31 17.600

31 33 33

35.000 35.200 70.200

NAAG 34 07.750 16 34 07.150 6 34 14.900 11

OB.750 09.450 1B.200

10 09.200 14 09.250 12 18.450

33 34 34

34.900 34.950 69.B50

The Junior Championships of the USA will be covered in the next (Sept./Oct.) issue of USGF GYMNASTICS. 23

Peter Vidmar moved another step and little closer to the Los Angeles Olympic Games in 1984. First he won the NCAA)s and now the McDonald)s Championships of the USA .

... AND A SECOND TIME FOR PETER Photography by Dave Black yracuse, N.Y. The chill and the spring rain of New York State in the first week of June did not dampen the momentum of USA men 's gymnastics. In two y ears, the world comes to Los Angeles for the XXIII Olympiad; the 1982 McDonald's/USGF Championships of the USA for men marked the halfway point of this Olympic quadrennium preparation. And at this halfway point on the road to LA-84, increasing USA Team depth appears to be continuing ... there is plenty of life "after Kurt Thomas." In the late 70 's Thomas was USA gymnastics and now Peter Vidmar, Jim Hartung, Bart Conner and the other 30-plus USA Team members are continuing the international momentum that he sparked. Kurt had dominated each competition he entered; he could miss and still win. But in 1980 Conner won the Olympic Trials, in 1981 Jim Hartung won everything and was named the USGF Male Gymnast of the Year and this year Peter Vidmar has won the NCAA and has here in the nation's east won the 1982 Championships of the USA - a title he also won in 1980 in Columbus, Ohio. And, as they say in the NFL - "On any given Sunday" these three could be defeated, by each other as well as by other members of the USA Team if each is not 110%. Injuries and petitions played an important role, however, in this years USGF Championships. Five athletes - Bart Conner (elbow), Wally Miller (knee), Brian Babcock (knee), Peter Stout (Hand) and Tom Beach (viral infection) were kept from competing due to these injuries, and of the solid 24 competitors a few competed with minor injuries. These Championships marked the end of a long season and some gymnasts entered the



competition a little tired. As Nebraska coach Francis Allen explained, "Jim Hartung is coming off a three-season. He deserves a rest." There were also seven new/or different gymnasts in this years Championships from last years meet in Lincoln, Nebraska - Keith Avery (Temple), Stacy Maloney (!SU/Oshkosh), Don Dembrow (SCSC/Navy), Matt Arnot (UNM), Tom Kennedy (NIU), Robby Mahuren (OU) and Byron Knox (SCSC)-replacing two retired athletes, Ron Galimore and Breck Grigas. What all this is leading to is this: There were 24 fine gymnasts here, 5 other experienced athletes were injured and couldn't compete and right behind those 29 there is a crew of top juniors waiting in the wings, so to speak, ready to blow into the ranks of this country's top 20 gymnasts. Two points were assessed: 1) There was noteable improvement in performance of compulsories and optionals from the 1981 USA Team Trials last September and 2) USA Team depth has never been so strong or competitive ... preparation and momentum for Westwood's campus and UCLA's Pauley Pavilion in July of 1984 continues. Compulsory competition: - In Gainesville, Florida the young Soviet gymnasts demonstrated a part of the Soviet coaching philosophy. Four of the six used optional parallel bar parts of peach and back stutz. Overall, USA compulsory PB is improved, but still looms as the USA weak event. Those parts and that routine has given many gymnasts a headache. Jim Hartung lost the 1982 NCAA on compulsory PB and Bart Conner lost the 1981 NCAA in that event. Here in Syracuse, Mario McCutcheon, Jim Mikus and Roy Palassou all lost important tenths on compulsory PB. For many, 2S

Jim Hartung (above, right) won four gold medals in FX, PH, R and V (Below, right) Mario Mccutcheon finished seventh in optionals and ninth overall. Roy Palassou (below) broke into the top I 0 for the first time, placing seventh. Scott Johnson (above) qualified in five events for finals.

compulsory PB is tough, but for Peter Vidmar .. . well, his 9.85 was the main reason why he was able to leadJim Hartung by .55 , 58.55 to 58.00 - after Thursday night's compulsory competition. Jim Hartung came within .10 ofVidmar's lead after the second rotation in optionals, but Vidmar's compulsory lead gave him an extra cushion that Jim couldn't quite overcome. Peter appeared well-trained for the meet, and was there to win. He went through six solid compulsory routines scoring two 9.80's, a 9.85 and a 9.90; his sets averaged 9.75. The meet format used a three-event at one time rotation, and the opening rotation of FX, PH and R demonstrated the cornerstone of these National Championships - better consistency and improvements in form and amplitude. Pommel horse was noteably more consistent than in the 1981 September Trials, while the strength sequence and dismount on pngs saw significant improvement. Vidmar's first event was rings where an excellent routine was highlighted by rhythm and a high, straight body dismount that did deserve the good score, and vaulted him into a first-round lead he never lost. Four others also got off to a solid start, Phil Cahoy on PH-9.65 , Jim Hartung on FX-9.55 , Roy Palassou and Mario Mccutcheon both on PH-9.55. Rings did, however, give Tim Daggett and Jim Mikus a little trouble - 9.25. In the second rotation, Mitch Gaylord also performed a hot ring compulsory - 9.70, as did Scott Johnson - 9.60. Vidmar went on to score 9.60 on FX, he tied with Mitch Gaylord for the top score of the night in the floor event. Peter went on to win five of six events. Besides tying with Gaylord on floor, Vidmar also tied PH and R with Jim Hartung and was high score on PB and HB. Hartung would finish second to Jim Mikus in the vault, and Tim Daggett was second on PB and HB while Gaylord also tied with Daggett for second on HB. 26


1rm1--------------Those four names were at the top after compulsories - 1) Vidmar, 2) Hartung, 3) Gaylord and 4) Daggett - fifth through fifteen were Johnson, Cahoy, Riegel, Mikus, Meeker, Palassou, Paul, McCutcheon, Caso, Biespiel and Arnot. And in the numbers-game for compulsories: Gymnasts scoring a 9.00 (54.00) six-event average - 17 above ( 7 1% ), and 7 below ( 29% ), while 5 gymnasts (24%) topped a 9.50 average (57.00), with 21 (76%) below. Optional competition: - Going into Friday night's optional session, the scoring spread of the compulsory totals seemed significant: There was 2.10 between first and sixth, 2.35 between first and tenth/.25 between sixth and tenth, and 3.80 between first and fifteenth/1.70 6th to 15th/1.45 10th to 15th. These spreads seemed large enough throughout the top 15 to indicate there might not be alot of placement movement up or down after the optionals and totaling of the all-around. The closest competition would be between Cahoy, Riegel, Meeker and Palassou to see who would remain in the top 10 slots - they were all within .25 of each other in the sixth to tenth slots. But after two events, Jim Hartung had closed the gap to .10 behind Vidmar, 77. 50 to 77.40. Hartung began on PH with a 9 .70, and even though finishing with his double-double dismount on rings, still scored a 9.70. While in Vidmar's first two events, he was a little off, 9.30 FX and 9.65 PH. Peter had over-rotated and was out-of-bounds on his full-in in FX, and was a little out of control on the PH dismount. Excepting for those two mistakes, however, each set was strong, especially the pike double-back FX dismount. Mitch Gaylord was in third .55 behind the leader after a 9.70 FX and a 9.55 rings. The leader board was unchanged after three events, but in the fourth event HB caught Jim Hartung a little surprised. He was long on his reverse hecht. Hartung scored only 8.60, and fell over a point behind. Vidmar and Gaylord never allowed him to catch up after that; Gaylord moved into second place with a 9 .70 tuck tsuk-full vault, and Vidmar hit a solid 9. 70 PB set.

1rn1--------------Vidmar and Gaylord each scored 9.90 on HB to solidify their placement. Hartung's mistake on HB allowed him to score only 56.80 in optionals, eighth that night and 1.20 behind Peter Vidmar's 58.00. Gaylord scored 57.85 in a strong optional showing. His only mistakes came with a little trouble on his PH mount and a change on rings to dismount half-in half-out instead of triple-back. Two other gymnasts charged hard during optionals - Mario McCutcheon and Roy Palassou. However, as Hartung, Mario missed his fourth event to kill his momentum with a 8.90 PB. On the other hand, Palassou perhaps may have had one of his best nights ever in optionals finishing fourth at 57.15 and seventh overall at 113.35. Hard tumbling, solid landings and a new HB dismount were all done with a bad wheel. The name of the game for ScottJohnson, Phil Cahoy and Tim Daggett was consistency. It insured their sixth, fifth and fourth finishes. Each have had better days, but their minor mistakes were absorbed by the fact that almost everyone including Vidmar missed at least one event. The most significant happening in event-finals on Saturday night was the message sent by James Hartung. He might have finished third all-around and eighth in optionals, but he demonstrated that he didn't win the 1981 NCAA and USGF's with card tricks and black magic ... Hartung won the gold medal in 4 of the 5 events he qualified for - FX, PH, R and V (tying for first with Vidmar on rings and Mikus on vaulting) - Jim gave the kind of performance which typifies that now when the top U.S. men gymnasts get together for a meet it's said to be - "On any Sunday ... " Phil Ca/Joy using a one-arm giant combination (above), Mitch Gaylord (below) was runner-up to Vidmar in the all-around and is the USA Champion on HB. Tim Daggett (rigln) was fourth overall as well as finishing fourth in both the optionals and compulsories.

Are you serious about GYMNASTICS?



McDonald's Championships of the USA June 3-5, 1982 Syracuse, New York All Around PH





9.80 4 9.65 2 19.45

9.80 9.80 19.60

9.60 9.65 19.25

9.85 9.70 19.55

9.90 9.90 19.80

1 58.55 c 1 58.00 0 1 116.55

Brian Meeker

13 9.25 9 9.35 9.35 11 9.50 6 9.55 16 9.25 9 56.25 c 20 9.20 10 9.35 17 9.00 5 9.65 22 8.80 6 9.65 15 55 .65 0 19 18.45 10 18.70 11 18.35 9 19.15 11 18.35 9 18.90 13 111.90

Mitch Gaylord

1 9.60 7 9.50 1 9.70 12 9.30 1 19.30 9 18.80

3 9. 75 6 9.55 3 19.30

5 9.60 1 9.70 3 19.30

8 9.45 2 9.70 5 19.10

9.80 9.90 19.70

3 57 .70 2 57 .85 0 2 115.55


Steve Marino

18 9.15 11 9.30 14 8.80 24 9.20 18 8.95 17 9.20 16 54 .60 c 7 9.50 14 9.15 9 9.45 16 9.50 15 9.15 5 9.70 10 56.55 0 13 18.65 14 18.45 13 18.25 23 18.70 16 18.10 9 18.90 14 111 .15

Jim Hartung

3 9.55 4 9.60 2 19.15

1 9.80 2 9.70 1 19.50

9.80 9.70 19.50

9. 70 9.65 19.35

7 9.50 5 9.65 5 9.55 23 8.60 6 19.05 20 18.25

2 58.00 c 8 56.80 0 3 114.80

Matt Arnot

16 9.20 13 9.20 15 8.75 18 9.40 12 9.25 20 8.95 15 54.75 9 9.45 10 9.35 13 9.25 16 9.50 18 9.05 15 9.40 14 56.00 0 13 18.65 11 18.55 14 18.00 20 18.90 12 18.30 19 18.35 15 110.75

nm Daggett

4 9.50 14 9.35 8 18.85

9.70 9.65 19.35

9.25 11 9.50 9.65 1 9.70 18.90 7 19.20

2 9.75 2 9.80 5 9.55 17 9.25 3 19.30 6 19.05

4 57.50 c 4 57.15 0 4 114.65

Tom Kennedy

18 9.15 13 9.20 18 8.50 21 9.35 21 8.70 5 9.65 17 54 .10 9 9.45 17 9.10 11 9.35 8 9.60 15 9.15 13 9.45 10 56.55 0 15 18.60 15 18.30 15 17.85 18 18.95 21 17.85 16 18.65 16 110.65

Scott Johnson

7 9.45 12 9.40 8 18.85

8 9.45 9 9.45 8 18.90

9.60 11 9.50 9.60 16 9.50 19.20 14 19.00

3 9.65 11 9.40 4 9.60 6 9.65 4 19.25 19.05

5 57 .05 3 57.20 5 114.25


Matt Biespiel

10 9.35 17 9.00 16 8.65 18 9.40 13 9.20 12 9.40 14 55.00 c 14 9.35 19 8.65 23 8.45 14 9.55 20 8.95 6 9.65 19 54.60 0 12 18.70 18 17.65 21 17 .10 18 18.95 14 18.15 6 19.05 17 109.60

Phil Cahoy

10 9.35 20 9.20 16 18.55

9.65 17 8.60 11 9.50 9.80 13 9.25 16 9.50 19.45 15 17.85 14 19.00

3 9.65 4 9.70 1 9.75 12 9.50 2 19.40 3 19.20

6 56.45 6 57.00 0 6 113.45


Joey Ray

18 9.15 22 8.65 21 8.20 23 9.25 3 9.65 11 9.40 18 53 .95 c 19 9.25 20 8.60 17 9.00 24 9.25 11 9.30 16 9.35 17 54.75 0 20 18.40 22 17.25 20 17.20 24 18.50 9 18.60 14 18.75 18 108.70

Robbie Mahurin

21 9.10 20 8.95 23 8.00 9 9.45 22 8.35 24 8.15 16 18.55 21 17.30 23 16.15

Byron Knox

24 8.70 23 8.60 21 8.20 11 9.50 18 8.95 18 9.15 22 53.10 c 17 9.30 18 8.75 16 9.10 16 9.50 23 8.30 10 9.60 20 54.55 0 23 18.00 20 17.35 19 17.30 14 19.00 22 17.25 14 18.75 20 107.65

Stacey Maloney

13 9.25 16 9.05 19 8.30 17 9.45 16 9.05 22 8.35 20 53.45 c 22 9.15 21 8.40 15 9.20 23 9.30 19 9.00 21 8.85 23 53 .90 0 20 18.40 19 17.45 18 17.50 22 18.75 18 18.05 23 17.20 21 107.35

Kevin Prady

16 9.20 21 8.75 24 7.90 11 9.50 21 8.70 24 8.10 24 52 .1 5 c 14 9.35 23 8.30 20 8.85 1 9.70 9 9.35 19 9.20 17 54.75 0 16 18.55 23 17.05 23 16.75 7 19.20 18 18.05 22 17.30 22 106.90

Don Dembrow

21 9.10 23 8.95 22 18.05

Keith Avery

23 9.05 24 8.00 18 8.90 22 9.30 9 9.40 14 9.30 18 53.95 c 24 8.80 24 8.20 7 9.50 14 9.55 24 7.65 22 8.65 24 52.35 0 24 17.85 24 16.20 9 18.40 21 18.85 23 17.05 21 17.95 24 106.30


Name Peter Vidmar

9.60 17 9.30 6 18.90

8 9.40 1 9.70 3 19.10

Roy Palassou Jim Mikus

5 9.55 10 9.10 5 9.60 20 8.90 5 9.65 10 56.20 c 6 9.60 7 9.50 16 9.50 11 9.30 11 9.55 4 57 .15 0 6 19.15 8 18.60 12 19.10 13 18.20 3 19.20 7 113.35 8 9.25 9 9.45 7 18.70

9.80 14 9.15 8 9.60 8 56.30 c 9.70 7 9.40 20 9.00 12 56.50 0 19.50 10 18.55 17 18.60 8 112.80

9.55 11 9.05 9.70 11 9.35 19.25 9 18.40

3 9.65 15 9.10 21 8.80 12 55.55 c 8 9.60 21 8.90 6 9.65 7 56.85 0 4 19.25 20 18.00 18 18.45 9 112.40

4 9.50 17 9.00 12 9.40 8 9.55 6 18.90 11 18.55

Mario Mccutcheon

8 9.40 3 9.65 4 19.05


9.40 18 9.40 17 9.00 14 9.30 13 55.45 c 9.60 8 9.60 17 9.10 3 9.80 8 56.75 0 19.00 14 19.00 16 18.10 5 19.10 10 112.20

Mark Caso

10 9.35 17 9.00 7 9.50 14 9.15 8 18.85 17 18.15

Billy Paul

13 9.25 15 9.15 6 9.35 5 9.60 9 9.40 19 9.10 11 55.85 c 4 9.60 14 9.15 19 8.95 16 9.50 11 9.30 4 9.75 13 56.25 0 B 18.85 15 18.30 12 18.30 12 19.10 8 18.70 12 18.85 11 112.10 9.65 9.60 19.25

4 9.50 11 9.30 12 9.00 6 9.55 13 9.20 22 8.55 4 19.05 13 18.50 17 17.55

Chris Riegel

9 9.40 19 9.55 7 56.40 c 9 9.35 17 9.25 16 55 .50 0 7 18.75 13 18.80 12 111 .90

c c

9 9.35 19 8.30 6 9.60 21 8.70 7 18.95 22 17.00

9 9.55 23 8.40 10 9.45 20 53.45 c 8 9.60 7 9.40 13 9.45 21 54.40 0 9 19.15 14 17.80 9 18.90 19 107.85

9 9.55 24 7.65 23 8.30 23 52.25 C 8 9.60 14 9.25 24 8.30 22 54.35 O 9 19.15 24 16.90 24 16.60 23 106.60

Event Finals VAULTING


Place 1 2 3 4 5 5 7 8 9

Name Jim Hartung Mitch Gaylord Mario Mccutcheon Chris Riegel Scott Johnson Billy Paul Jim Mikus Peter Vidmar Mark Caso

Comp .






9.55 9.60 9.40 9.50 9.45 9.25 9.50 9.60 9.35

9.60 9.70 9.65 9.55 9.40 9.60 9.40 9.30 9.50

19.15 19.30 19.05 19.05 18.85 18.85 18.90 18.90 18.85

9.575 9.650 9.525 9.525 9.425 9.425 9.45 9.45 9.425

9.70 9.60 9.60 9.55 9.55 9.55 9.40 9.35 9.25

19.275 19.250 19.125 19.075 18.975 18.975 18.850 18.800 18.657

9.80 9.65 9.55 9.45 9.70 9.80 9.55 9.35

9.70 9.80 9.70 9.45 9.65 9.65 9.60 9.60

19.5 19.45 19.25 18.90 19.35 19.45 19.15 18.95

9.75 9.725 9.625 9.450 9.675 9.725 9.575 9.475

9.80 9.70 9.65 9.70 9.45 9.20 9.30 8.85

19.550 19.425 19.275 19.150 19.125 18.925 18.875 18.325

9.80 9.80 9.60 9.40 9.75 9.25 9.10 8.90

9.70 9.80 9.60 9.60 9.55 9.65 9.50 9.50

19.50 19.60 19.20 19.00 19.30 18.90 18 .60 18.40

9.750 9.800 9.600 9.500 9.650 9.450 9.300 9.200

9.90 9.85 9.70 9.75 9.40 9.55 9.70 9.60

19.650 19.650 19.300 19.250 19.050 19.000 19.000 18.800


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Jim Hartung Phil Cahoy Mario Mccutcheon Scott Johnson nm Daggett Peter Vidmar Roy Palassou Don Dembrow


Jim Hartung Peter Vidmar Scott Johnson Mark Caso Mitch Gaylord Tim Daggett Roy Palassou Keith Avery


1 1 3 3 5 6 7 8 9 10

Jim Hartung Jim Mikus Mitch Gaylord Chris Riegel Mario Mccutcheon Brian Meeker Robbie Mahuren Don Dembrow Peter Vidmar Kevin Prady

9.70 9.80 9.60 9.65 9.65 9.50 9.55 9.55 9.60 9.50

9.65 9.70 9.70 9.60 9.60 9.65 9.60 9.60 9.65 9.70

19.35 19.50 19.30 19.25 19.25 19.15 19.15 19.15 19.25 19.20

9.675 9.750 9.650 9.625 9.625 9.575 9.575 9.575 9.625 9.600

9.800 9.750 9.775 9.800 9.625 9.600 9.550 9.525 9.450 9.375

19.500 19.500 19.425 19.425 19.250 19.175 19.125 19 .100 19.075 18.975

9.85 9.45 9.65 9.65 9.50 9.75 9.40 9.40

9.70 9.70 9.75 9.60 9.55 9.55 9.35 9.30

19.55 19.15 19.40 19.25 19.05 19.30 18.75 18.70

9.775 9.575 9.700 9.625 9.525 9.650 9.375 9.350

9.85 9.80 9.60 9.60 9.65 9.30 9.50 8.95

19.625 19.375 19.300 19.225 19.175 18.950 18.875 18.300

9.80 9.90 9.40 9.20 9.65 9.25 9.70 9.45 9.30 9.40

9.90 9.90 9.65 9.70 9.55 9.65 9.50 9.45 9.80 9.65

19.70 19.80 19.05 18.90 19.20 18.90 19.20 18.90 19.10 19.05

9.850 9.900 9.525 9.450 9.600 9.450 9.600 9.450 9.550 9.525

10.00 9.90 9.80 9.80 9.50 9.30 8.85 9.00 8.75 8.35

19.850 19.800 19.325 19.250 19.100 18.750 18.450 18.450 18.300 17.875


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Peter Vidmar Mitch Gaylord Phil Cahoy Scott Johnson Jim Hartung Tim Daggett Chris Riegel Billy Paul


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 7 9 10

Mitch Gaylord Peter Vidmar Scott Johnson Steve Marino Roy Palassou Brian Meeker Phil Cahoy Robbie Mahuren Mark Caso Matt Biespiel


1rm1------------------------------------MCDONALD'S® OFFICIAL SPONSOR OF USGF EVENTS Young amateur athletes nation-wide are beginning to feel the effects of McDonald's commitment to the 1984 Olympic Games as the fast service restaurant company brings the Olympic spirit to local youth sports programs across the U.S. Grass-roots support for amateur sports and achievement is the cornerstone of McDonald's major participation in the 1984 Olympic Games to be held in Los Angeles. To this end, McDonald's recently became the official national sponsor of the United States Gymnastic Federation Men's and Women's Artistic Teams from which the 1984 U.S. Olympic teams will be selected. As part of its U.S.G.F. agreement, McDonald's will annually sponsor five national meets. In 1982, the company sponsored the McDonald's American Cup at Madison Square Garden in New York City, (March, 1982); The McDonald's Gymnastics Classic (USA vs. Peoples Republfc of China) in Los Angeles, CA, (March, 1982 ); The McDonald's Women's Gymnastics Championship of U.S.A. in Salt Lake City, (May, 1982); the Men's Gymnastics Championship of U.S.A. in Syracuse, NY, (June, 1982); and the Peking International Invitational in China, in July. McDonald's also has embarked on a grass-roots program to support development of America's young gymnasts. According to McDonald's Executive Vice President and Chief Marketing Officer Paul D. Schrage, the program will be tested this fall. "We are confident that this educational program will draw upon the strengths of McDonald's 5,700 restaurants and 1,400 independent owner/operators to aid the development of world-class gymnasts in America," said Schrage. Continuing on the U.S.G.F./McDonald's partnership, Schrage said "The McDonald's System is proud to be the official sponsor of the U.S.G.F. and we are very excited about the opportunities ahead. As with any relationship, the first year is always the most challenging and 1982 has been a tremendous learning experience. We look forward to 1983 and anticipate a strong, mutually-beneficial relationship with the gymnastics community in the years ahead." McDonald's is a system of independent owner/operators, according to Schrage. "As McDonald's relationship with the U.S.G.F. continues to grow, individual McDonald's restaurants will have the opportunity to work with local gymnastics clubs and organizations," he said. For local program development, it is essential that gymnastics clubs and organizations call or write the U.S.F.G. prior to contacting McDonald's. All requests must channel through the U.S.G.F., who will then contact McDonald's directly.




{\{\Ids_ fMc§on~ Helping Olympic Dreams

Come True·


McDonald's gymnastics partnership is one element of the company's far-reaching Olympics program. As a major sponsor of the Games of the XXIIIrd Olympiad, McDonald's is underwriting contruction costs of the McDonald's Olympic Swim Stadium, a world-class swimming and diving facility on the University of Southern California campus. McDonald's swimming involvement includes a sponsorship of the United States Swimming Age Group and Junior Olympic programs, recognized as the training ground for America's Olympic swimmers. Through 1984, McDonald's will sponsor 186 meets in more than 100 communities to support the U.S. Swimming program. Basketball and soccer also experience strong McDonald's support. The McDonald's All American High School Basketball Team® program annually selects and brings together the nation's top prep players to compete in the All American Game with an East vs. West format. Proceeds from the Game are donated to a local children's charity. Retired UCLA coach, the legendary John Wooden chairs the programs Advisory Committee which selects outstanding players based on ability, statistics, sportsmanship and good standing as a student athlete. Fans can expect to see several McDonald's All Americans on the 1984 U.S. Olympic Basketball Team. Nine members of the 1980 U.S. Olympic Teams were former McDonald's All-Americans. Soccer skills are promoted in the McDonald's SideKick Soccer'" program. The program involves children 16 and under in two-on-two competition, with single elimination tournaments at each age level. McDonald's also sponsors the National Soccer Coaches Association of America/McDonald's All-America Soccer Team, comprised of 278 outstanding male and female players from high school, junior college and college soccer teams throughout the country. McDonald's has established a long-term relationship with youth sports programs that recognize achievement. This philosophy is reflected in the company's 14-year association with Special Olympics, the largest international program of physical fitness, sports training and athletic competition for mentallyhandicapped children and adults. According to Schrage, "Support of youth sports is a tradition at McDonald's and our involvement in gymnastics represents one more way in which we can live up to our theme of 'helping Olympic dreams come true.' We look forward to helping the U.S. bring home the gymnastics 'gold' in 1984, and to supporting the development of young gymnasts throughout the country." 31

USGF GYMNASflCS USA, USA, USA. Kathy Johnson, Diane Durham andJim Hartung led the USA National Teams to victories in the second USGF International Invitational.



ortWorth:-The 1982 USGF International Invitational was an outgrowth of the first such invitational staged in Hartford, Connecticut in the summer of 1980. That meet was the alternate Summer Olympic Games for many western nations. However, that competition never escaped the highly emotional shadow of the Carter-boycott. Great gymnastics performances came from athletes from the Peoples Republic of China, Japan and the USA, but not even this terrific competition could make people forget their disappointment and disillusionment. The Hartford meet, however, is close to two years behind everything now ... the boycott had been at that time in everyone's present, but now it is the past. And in Fort Worth, the eight countries gathered for this optional-only, team, all-around, and event-finals competition were not now looking back, they were looking ahead to Los Angeles and the '84 Summer Games. The '82 International Invitational marked the halfway point of preparation for the XXIII Olympiad. And the eight countries were going to make the most of it; they came loaded for bear and wide-eyed to learn. The Japanese and Chinese sent their "guns", the West Germans their junior Olympic hopefuls, the Canadians their seniors for still more seasoning and the Soviets came to scout everyone else. The USA was there to win. It did just that! Thursday, the Men's Meet: - Some of the world's finest gymnasts went head to head in an exciting and close competition for team and all-around honors. The USA Team included Jim Hartung, Tim Daggett, Scott Johnson and Mitch Gaylord - the alternate was Jim Mikus . Their competition came from Japan's USGF GYMNASTICS JULY/AUGUST '82

Gushiken and Kajitani and Chinese Li Ning, Li Xiaoping .. . numbers 3, 6, 7 and 9 at the '81 Moscow World Championships. China's Li Yuejiu is always tough and Japan's Toshi Kanai was 16th AA in Competition I in Moscow. The meet format had four gymnasts per team competing, with the three top scores counting for each of the six events. In the training days preceding the meet, it was all business for most. The competition appeared to shape up as three close dual meets within - China vs. Japan; USA vs. USSR; Canada vs. West Germany; and in the draw for competition order, the USA and PRC would begin on pommel horse, the Russians and Canadians on floor exercise and the Japanese and Germans on rings. Yet in the first event, the complexion of the meet changed drastically. The Soviets looked "drunk" in floor - two crashes, a very weak set and only one average performance, posting a top score of 9.55. Overall the four Russian men in floor finished 9th, 13th, 23rd and 29th out of 32 competitors in the meet. They were out of the running. But then again, they_badn'.t come to win ... Evseev, Tikhonkih, Artemyev and Levenkov are not household "names", not even in Moscow. They were not as talented as the visiting Soviet team was last April in Gainesville, Florida. However, as the meet progressed the Russians found themselves running for their lives. The Canadian men after four events were .1 O behind, and even though they lost the last two events - PB and HB - losing in total by 3.00, 169.85 to 166.85, theirs was certainly a moral victory over the traditionally strong Russian men no matter who they were. The Japanese also got off to a slow start. They lost some

momentum in their first three events - R, FX, PH - hitting only 9 out of 12 routines. Koji Gushiken put his hands down on a doubletwisting double-back dismount from rings, Noritoshi Hirata scratched floor after turning an ankle in the 3 minute warm-up, and then Hirata fell on pommel horse as their first man up on the event. The Japanese men hit 100% on "the back nine," but overall they only were able to win one event, rings - which they tied with

"The Japanese and Chinese sent their 'guns' ... the Soviets came to scout . .. the USA was there to win. It did just that!"

Second and fourth all-around, Jim Hartung (above) and Mitch Gaylord (below).

the USA at 28.65- the lowest winning total of any event that night. They were, perhaps, the best trained for the competition; they were just a little off. And couldn't afford a couple of even minor mistakes. Their major mistake could be seen in their selection to compete Hirata, instead of sending Yamawaki, Sotomura or Goto ... strategy. The Japanese men couldn't afford any mistakes because the USA and the Chinese did not allow them an inch of room. The USA Team hit 23 of24 routines. Their only miss came on horizontal bar, their next to last event, as Tim Daggett came off on his toe-on immediate reverse hecht combination. However, Mitch Gaylord's winning HB 9.90 backed up by Jim Hartung's 9.80 and Scott Johnson's 9.65 was strong enough to win the event with a 29.35. Their only miss didn't really hurt. And the Chinese were, well, in a class by themselves. Li Ning was superlative; and easy odds-on-favorite (along with fellow countryman Tong Fei) to win the Olympic All-Around Championship in LA. Li Ning won three events- FX, PH and V - and the PRC Team won four events - FX, PH, V and PB. After the first three events, the Chinese held a slim .20 lead over the Ainericans - 87.15 to 86.95. The Chinese tumbling was sky-high on floor and their body position spectacular on pommel horse .. . both eye-opening; but still rings was their lowest scoring event of the meet, at 28.25 - .85 below their six-event average of nearly 29.10. This seemed to some, a little odd. Only because in Moscow the Chinese competed rings as their last event, needing to

"The Chinese tumbling was sky-high ... the body position spectacular on pommel horse... " hit six solid sets to beat the East Germans for the third place bronze medal. They scored a whopping 49.40 - 9.80, 9.80, 9.85 , 9.85 , 9.95, 9.95 - not too shabby. They won rings by .40 over everyone in the world (the Soviets were next at 49.00), and they won the bronze medal. And now, in less than seven months, their best event had degenerated to their worst? Hhmmmmm? Nevertheless, the USA was also smoking through their first three events; 12 for 12 hit routines with Jim Hartung nailing his ring set to win the event at 9.75. The USA gained back .40 on rings alone, tying with the Japanese at 28.65 to win the event. Next, Johnson, Gaylord, Daggett and Hartung all hit solid PB sets, the most crucial event of the night for the Americans. Then on to high bar, with Mitch Gaylord again scoring a 9.90 to win the event as he has done numerous times this season. The USA won by .45 over the Chinese 29.35 to 28.90. Liu Ming touched his hands in landing a triple-back-score only 9.45. And finally it came down to vaulting. The Chinese worked first. Running score - USA 145.35, PRC 145.25 . Liu Ming vaulted first with an open-tuck half-out with strong height and distance - 9.75. Li Xiaoping performed a piked handspring front - 9.60. 'Third to vault was one of the world's most explosive vaulters, Li Yuejiu. Li is capable of 10.00 open pike half-outs; but not today. One sizeable hop on his landing lowered his score to 9.70, an excellent jump - still not one of his finest. Li Ning followed with a "lunar" layout tsukahara ... what height and body position and power - 9.80, he won vaulting tying with Mitch Gaylord. And the Chinese won vaulting, but only by .05, 29.25 to 29.20. USGF GYMNASTICS JULY/AUGUST '82

Scott]ohnson (above, left) placed sixth all-around.japan 's Koji Gushinken used his new move on PB, giant half-twist to upper-arm, for only the second time in competition. (Right) China's Li Yuejiu finished second to Li Ning in floor finals.

The USA foursome had momentum , familiar equipment, home-turf, the crowd and they were competing after the Chinese. They needed four big vaults. The "counters" included Scott Johnson's tsuk-full, Jim Hartung's half-out and finally Mitch Gaylord's tsuk-full-9.70, 9.70, 9.80 totalling 29.25 to win 174.55 to 174.50 over a somewhat shocked Chinese team. The Men's All-Around: - Champion; 18 year-old Li Ning! Clearly the finest young male gymnast in the world today. In last summer's World University Games held in Bucharest, Romania, Li Ning was one of the athletes who left his all-around award on the

''All four USA men finished in the top nine of the all-around." stand, then turned around and walked away. The Chinese felt he had won the AA championship; he placed fifth. Later that same summer in August in Hawaii, he casually won the AA at the USA/ China dual meet. And a couple months later he placed sixth in Moscow last November. Li Ning, Tong Fei and Li Xiaoping are awesome, and once they increase their consistency in compulsories the Russians won't stand a chance. It appears the only other thing which could prevent them from winning the gold in Los Angeles would be a second Cultural Revolution at home. All four USA men finished in the top nine of the all-aroundJim Hartung, second; Mitch Gaylord, fourth ; Scott Johnson, sixth and Tim Daggett, ninth. They are among some fine elite company - Gushiken, Li Xiaoping, Li Yuejiu, Li Ning, and Kajitani. Jim Hartung hit six powerful sets to score 58.60 and win the silver medal, just .15 behind champion Li Ning. They each have a couple of events on the other one and they were even on two. It was a terrific optional meet! USGF GYMNASTICS JULY/AUGUST '82

Friday, The Women's Meet: - The USGF originally invited 11 countries to participate in the second International Invitational. However, only eight accepted. In that vacuum, the USA quickly decided to enter an additional team in order for four more USA girls to gain international experience. The U.S. North and South Teams would be up against competition from the People's Republic of China and the Soviet Union. Canada, West Germany, Japan, Italy and Norway were not likely to be able to push into the top four team spots. The Soviets only brought three gymnasts to compete - all scores would count for them, but alike the men it was apparent they were not here to win. Natalia Yurchenko and especially Alla Shishova are talented gymnasts, but consistency has been a problem. Shishova may well be an '83 World Championships competitor once she gains a little more international experience. Primarily the Russian men and women came to scout, but the women also came prepared to compete a new vaulting technique - round-off onto the vaulting board, back handspring onto the horse, then into a tsukahara family vault. Yurchenko and Shishova performed these vaults (rated at 9.90 values!?) - round-off layout tsuk, round-off tuck tsuk-full and round-off layout tsuk-full. These vaults are not included in the FIG Code, and realistically the Soviets came to Ft. Worth to show off this style to the western world rwo weeks before the FIG meetings began in Switzerland. On the other hand, the Chinese came to win. Their team included three '81 World Championships competitors - Ma Yanhong, Chen Yongyan and WuJiani. Some say three of the most elegant gymnasts in the world - in Moscow, Ma was fourth in the all-around and Chen 11th, and Wu finished fourth in balance beam finals. They were considered the favorites to win. Michelle Goodwin (left) won balance beam, tying with Ka.thyJohnson and \Vu]iani (PRC). (Below) Canada 's Leanne Gallant on beam. (Right, below) Ka.thy Johnson scored 38.90 to win d1e Invitational All-Around Championship. (Right, above) Russia's Natalia Yurchenko dismounting uneven bars with a double-twisting flyaway.


The top 20 men and women from the 21st World Championships INVITED Kathy Johnson, Julianne McNamara and Tracee Talavera - USA Jim Hartung, Peter Vidmar and Bart Conner - USA Olga Blcherova, Maria Fllatova and Elena Davydova - Soviet Union Yuri Korulov and Bogban Makuts - Soviet Union Ma Yanhong , Chen Yongyan and Zhu Zheng - China Tong Fei, LI Ning and LI Xiaoping - China Koji Gushiken, Kojl Sotomura and Nobuky, Kajltani - Japan Christina Grigorash , Rodlka Dunka and Lavina Agache - Romania

PLUS INTERNATIONAL GYMNASTICS SHOW BUDAPEST, HUNGARY PROPOSED ITINERARY ZAGREB/BUDAPEST October 18 Leave New York City October 19 Arrive ZAGREB. Transfer to hotel. Time to relax . Dinner. October 20 ZAGREB: Morning : City Sightseeing Tour with English·speaking guide . Afternoon at leisure. October 21 ZAGREB: Full day excursion to KUMAOVECfTRAKOVAN Castle October 22 ZAGREB: Day at leisure. Ticket for Men's All-Around Final. October 23 ZAGREB: Day at leisure. Ticket for Women's AU-Around Final. October 24 ZAGR EB : Tickets for Men's Apparatus Finals and Women's Apparatus Finals. October 25 ZAGREB!BUDAPEST: Early morning transfer to railway station . Depart 6:55 a.m. first class rail to BUDAPEST. Arrive 2:10 p.m. Transfer to hotel. October 26 BUDAPEST: Morning: City sightseeing lour with English-speaking guide. October 27 BUDAPEST: Day at leisure. Night -

lntn'I. Gymnastics show

October 28 BUDAPEST: Day at leisure. Ociober 29 BUDAPEST/USA: Transfer to airport for departure to USA. PRICE PER PERSON : Based on twin occupancy Full Board $1560 Half Board 51450 Single supplement $200 NOT INCLUDED : Tickels !or events approximately $30-40 for 6 tickets. Hungarian Visas - S15.00 per person

PACKAGE INCLUDESo 9 Nights First Class Hotel Accommodations. Transfers from/to airports, rail stations. Sightseeing in Zagreb and Budapest, Excursion to KumroveclTrakoscan, MAP or Full Board as selected, All taxes and service charges. Rail Tickets Zagreb/ Budapest

for further information/reservations DEADLINE : SEPTEMBER 1, 1982

Contact: Upchurch Travel 422 One Tandy Center Plaza Fort Worth , Texas 76102

Telephone: (817) 870·0334 Texas WATS: 800·792-8709 Outside Texas: 800-433-5656






The winning team with the perfect ¡ score on benefits. Join the winning team. Over 125,000 gymnasts and over 700 clubs are members. We offer even more in 1981-82 than before. Everyone scores perfect with these benefits:

Sports Medicine and National Program Clinics. 6. College Credit Extension Courses from the University of Utah. . 7. Voting Privileges in the USGF Women's Committee (must be 18 years old to vote).

USGF Club Membership. By enrolling 100% of the club staff and students as USGF General Members, your club would automatically receive a million dollars of Comprehensive General Liability. The intent of this program is to insure that the club and parent or guardian will not be burdened by medical costs not covered by other programs, and that the club and its personnel are adequately covered for their liability exposure. Individual General Members receive $50,000 excess medical coverage. Some of the club benefits include: 1. O,L,&T (Owners, Landlords and Tenants Liability). 2. Hired and Nonowned Auto Liability. 3. Incidental Medical Malpractice. 4. Trampoline Coverage. 5. Personal Injury Liability. 6. Independent Contractors Liability. 7. Premises Medical Payments. 8. Extended Bodily Injury Liability.

USG F General Membership. Some of the benefits include: $50,000 Excess Medical Coverage and $10,000 Accidental Death and Dismemberment.

USGF Professional Membership. This membership is designed for the serious gymnastics coach, teacher, judge or program director. It offers professional growth benefits as well as information on the USGF System of Competition . Some of the benefits include: 1. USGF Technical Journal (bi-monthly). 2. USGF GYMNASTICS Magazine (bi -monthly). 3. $50,000 Excess Medical Coverage. 4. Twenty-four Hour Accidental Death Benefits. 5. Free Admission to Nationally Sponsored USGF

For more information on any of these memberships, call or write: Cheryl Grace National Director U.S.G.F. Membership Program Bayly, Martin & Fay/San Antonio P.O . Box 17800 San Antonio, Texas 78217 1-800-531-7224 1-800-531-7205 1-800-292-5721 (Texas only)

USG F Gold Card Membership. Some of the benefits of this membership include: USGF GYMNASTICS Magazine (bi-monthly) and Voting Privileges in the USGF Women's Committee (must be 18 years old to vote). USGF Athlete Membership. Athletes will not want to be without these benefits: 1. $50,000 Excess Medical Coverage for USG F Sanctioned Competitions and Events (This does not cover the gymnasts during his/her daily training or travel to and from a USGF sanctioned event). 2. $10,000 Accidental Death and Dismemberment. 3. Athlete Registration Number Required for all USGF Sanctioned Competitive Events.

. . . But USA National Coach Don Peters and his staff, and eight fired up USA gymnasts had other plans. Discussion and speculation raged on for days about team selection - "l" or "2'', "A" or "B", "Juniors" or "Seniors", "North" or "South"; and their conclusions brought landslide results. On the U.S. South team were Kathy Johnson, Luci Collins, Lynn Lederer and Marie Roethlisberger - finishing eighth, seventh, sixth and ninth in last months Championships of the USA in Salt Lake City. For the U.S. North, USA World Championships Team members Amy Koopman and Michelle Goodwin were teamed with the number l and 2 ranked USA.junior gymnasts Diane Durham and Mary Lou Retton. Again, strategy .. . As the competition began, the pattern for this meet was established as suddenly as had the men's the night before. Again,

"... but the USA National Coaches ... and eight fired-up gymnasts all had other plans." the Soviet's first girl to compete beam Elena Ponomarenko took a fall - scoring 9.00 and finished tied for 17th in the event. With only three gymnasts, and every score counting for team score, the Soviets had no room for errors. Their 28.00 BB event-score was fourth overall behind the Chinese and both American teams. It then appeared the U.S. North would follow a similar pattern on uneven bars when Michelle Goodwin missed as their first competitor, scoring only 9.05. But instead Mary Lou, Diane and Amy just shifted into overdrive to squelch any bad momentum for the rest of the night. Strangely, they had many misses throughout - Goodwin on UB, Koopman on BB, Retton in FX and BB - but

China 's Ma Yanhong (right) demonstrating her amplitude in leg flexibility in a side aerial on beam. Luci Collins (below) helped to lead her U.S. South team to the silver medal with solid routines in V, UB and FX.

the other three never let down, and each girl came back even stronger in their next event after falling. Some tough competitors! Clearly, this season's four international dual meets have been beneficial for the USA National Team program. After two events, the USS Team held a .75 lead over USN, 58.15 to 57.60. The Chinese were in third at 56.75, and here again the Russians were battling the Canadians for fourth. The U.S. South began on vaulting with four solid vaults Marie, layout tsuk; Kathy, tucked tsuk-full; Luci, layout tsuk; and Lynn, tucked handspring front half-out - to score 28.90 which led vaulting for the first three rotations. And again at uneven bars, four hit routines had them 8 for 8 at the halfway point and in the lead by almost a full point. Marie Rothlisberger led all competitors with a 9.85 for a powerful routine on UB. The Chinese had begun on floor, which is routinely becoming their paradoxical event - their dance and especially flexibility is among the finest, but they do not flip-and-twist alike Diane Durham and Mary Lou Retton. And the same is true with their vaulting, adequate but not powerful. Only Ma's triple-full is outstanding. They perform half-in, l3/4 arabians which are OK, but moreso this demonstrates a weakness in backward multiple flipping and twisting ... ah, speculation is great, but not always factual; who is to say the arabians are not lead-ups to 1 \/2 twisting 13/4, and it is hard to forget the abilities of the two Chinese 1981 American Cup competitors, juniors Qun Huang and Wei Jiang. But still, vaulting was the Chinese' weakest event in Moscow, and here again in Ft. Worth. They scored 28.00, finishing seventh of

" ... the signaling emergence of the improved strength of vaulting on the USA National Team." nine teams. Also, Ma missed on full-on/full-off, scoring 8.95. In the third round, Ma again missed on bars, she was short on a cast to handstand - score 9.55. But at that point of the meet, Ma needed to hit because Yang Yanli had already scored 9.25 after touching on her tuck double-back dismount. After two events, the Chinese had been 1.40 from first and were now too far behind to catch up; even if they nailed beam - which they did to win that event. Also, in the third round, the U.S. South opened the door for the North with two missed beam routines by Luci Collins and Lynn Lederer. Their first and only breaks in consistency; all four hit floor to win the FX event at 29.05 .. . . . . And with that door open, the North roared on through with a 28.90 FX with three good performances by Diane, Amy and Michelle. They took the lead by .30, 86.50 to 86.20, and quietly went over to vaulting and scored a tremendous 29.60-9.90, 9.90, 9.80!! Amy Koopman, tuck Cuervo; Diane Durham, layout tsuk-full and Mary Lou Retton, open-pike half-out. The U.S. North won the meet. The U.S. South was second, beating the Chinese with consistency and stronger vaulting. The Soviets missed too much, they finished fourth, but showed more: Round-off vaulting, excellent double-full dismount off bars, and round-off tuck-full on beam. The team and crowd excitement about the one-two American team finish, and the first place all-around tie between Americans Diane Durham and Kathy Johnson was whole-heartedly enjoyed by all. However, meets and victories come and go; what was really important was the signalling emergence of the improved strength of vaulting on the USA National Team. In Moscow, the USA would have beaten the Czechoslovakian team for fourth with deeper, stronger vaulting. Vaulting has, of late, been a weak event. Then in Gainesville against the Soviets, Gina Stallone helped out with the addition of a tuck tsuk-full. Now, vaulting dramatically became a very strong event. And with the Olympics about 25 months away ... well, 29 .60 out of 30.00 ain't hay! Again, this was a terrific optional meet ... What boycott? Amy Koopman demonstrated an undergrip giant on uneven bars, straddling her legs to swing between the bars. She is among the first ever to perform this element on bars. 40


1982 USGF International Invitational June 17-19 Tarrant County Convention Center Fort Worth, Texas Men's Team Standings

Women's Team Standings Pl1ce



1 2 3 4 5 6 7 B 9


29.60 28.90 28 .00 28 .65 28.45 28.45 28.25 28.00 26.75





29.10 29.25 2B .95 29 .15 28 .10 27 .60 26 .95 25 .90 25 .05

28 .50 28.05 28.95 28.00 27.00 26.65 27.40 25.85 24 .50

28.90 29.05 28.75 27 .80 28 .00 2T.40 26 .80 27 .20 25.10

116.10 115.25 114.65 113.60 111 .55 110.10 109.40 106.95 101.40


Women's All Around Scores u 1 1 3 4 5 6 6 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 15 17 18 19 20 20 22 23 24 25 25 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35

Kathy Johnson Dianne Dumam Amy Koopm1n Natalia Yurchenko Marte Roethllsberger Lynne Lederer Ma Yanhong Alla Shishova Wu Jia Ni Mlch11te Goodwin Chen Yongyan Mary Lou Retton Luci Collln1 Elena Ponomarenko Sara Aggiss Yvonne Haug Yang Yanli Laura Bortolaso Astrid Beckers Bonnie Wittmeier Kazumi Nagayama Katsura Uchida Mary Lyon Chifumi lkejiri Brigitta Lehmann Leanne Gallant Yayoi Nozawa Cristina Corndviera Dina Fuhrer Anne Moberg Kjersti Loken Giulia Volpi Josella Lombardi Siv Rita Eikeskog Tatyana Arzhanikova


Froydis Holter





9.55 9.90 9.90 9.50 9.50 9.70 8.95 9.55 9.40 9.50 9.10 9.80 9.65 9.60 9.55 9.60 9.50 9.45 9.35 9.40 9.50 9.10 9.00 9.45 9.45 9.50 9.30 9.15 9.40 9.10 8.85 8.85 9.40 8.80

9.75 9.80 9.60 9.80 9.85 9.60 9.55 9.65 9.80 9.05 9.60 9.70 9.65 9.70 9.00 9.10 9.25 9.05 9.50 9.40 8.60 9.35 9.30 9.00 9.00 9.40 8.40 8.60 8.95 8.60 7.90 8.25 8.10 8.55

9.80 9.60 9.20 9.40 9.15 9.10 9.80 9.60 9.65 9.70 9.50 8.65 8.70 9.00 9.15 9.00 8.55 9.00 8.85 8.15 9.15 9.05 8.90 8.95 8.80 8.95 9.20 9.05 7.40 8.50 8.95 7.80 7.15 7.05

9.80 9.60 9.70 9.55 9.60 9.65 9.75 9.20 9.05 9.60 9.55 9.45 9.55 9.05 9.40 9.40 9.45 9.15 8.90 9.55 9.25 8.80 9.05 8.75 8.55 7.95 8.70 8.75 9.10 8.25 8.40 8.95 9.10 8.45

38.90 38.90 38.40 38.25 38.10 38.05 38 .05 38 .00 37 .90 37.85 37 .75 37.60 37.53 37 .35 37 .10 37.10 36.75 36.65 36.60 36.50 36.50 36.30 36.23 36.15 35.80 35.80 35.60 35 .55 34 .85 34.45 34.10 33.85 33 .75 32 .85













1 2 3 4 4 6 7 8

Li Ning Jim H1rtung Li Xiaoping Mitch Gaylord Gushiken Koji Scott Johnson Li Yuejiu Kajitani Nobuyuki Liu Ming Tim Daggett Kanai Tashiro Alexander Evseev Victor Levenkov Vladimir Artemyev Warren Long Diego Lazzarich Oanny Gaudet Albert Haschar Allan Reddon Nigel Rothwell Gabriele Bianchi Kjell Rune Johannesen Andreas Aguilar Alfred Lefebre Martin Pregno Corrado Scaglia Klaus Nigl Pal Einar Borgen Caria Ravajoli Bjoernar Larsen Hirata Noritoshi Alexei Tlkhonkich

9 9 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 19 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32

Women's Final Results

Name Dianne Durllam Amy Koopman Yvonne Haug Alla Shishova Sara Aggiss Elena Ponomarenko



Finals Score


9.80 9.80 9.70 9.65 9.6D 9.60

Place Name Wu Jiani Kathy Johnson Michelle Goodwin Ma Yanhong Natalia Yuchenko Alla Shishova

Place Name Wu Jiani Ma Yanhong Elena Ponomarenko Maria Roethllsberger Dianne Durllam Natalia Yurchenko

Ma Yanhong Amy Koopman Sara Aggiss Yvonne Haug Natalia Yurchenko Bonnie Wlttmeier







9.60 9.75 9.45 9.45 9.45 9.45 9.20

9.80 9.70 9.60 9.80 9.60 9.70 9.70

9.70 9.70 9.80 9.65 9.80 9.60 9.70

9.80 9.80 9.65 9.90 9.80 9.65 9.40

58.75 58 .60 58 .05 58 .00 58.00 57 .70 57 .50


9.55 9.65 9.60 9.35

9.45 9.60 9.70 9.25

9.65 9.00 9.35 9.45

9.60 9.75 9.50 9.50

9.35 9.50 9.70 9.35

9.85 9.45 9.10 9.55

57.45 56.95 56 .95 56.45


















9.10 9.35 9.15 9.40 9.50 9.00 9.25

9.65 9.35 8.85 9.20 8.80 9.35 9.00

9.50 9.00 9.10 9.60 8.95 8.90 9.20

8.95 9.75 9.35 9.50 9.75 9.70 9.60

9.50 9.55 9.55 8.70 9.25 8.80 9.00

9.35 9.00 9.55 8.85 8.65 8.90 8.60

56 .05 56 .00 55.55 55.25 54 .90 54 .65 54 .65








54 .50


8.95 9.15 9.00 9.15 9.20 9.20

8.80 9.15 8.30 9.00 9.20 8.70

9.00 9.05 8.90 9.05 9.10 8.85

9.55 9.10 9.25 8.65 9.20 9.40

9.05 9.05 9.30 9.25 8.80 8.60

9.05 8.65 9.30 8.90 8.45 8.80

54.40 54 .15 54 .05 54 .00 53 .95 53 .55


9.00 9.00

8.40 8.70

8.55 8.50

9.45 9.30

8.65 8.65

9.00 8.70

53 .05 52 .85








51 .95















47 .00


Men's Final Results


Finals Score


9.70 9.70 9.70 9.65 9.15 9.10

Place Name 1 2 2 4 5 6

Li Ning Li Yuejiu Jim Hartung Scott Johnson Kajitani Nobuyuki Gushiken Koji


Finals Score


9.70 9.70 9.40 9.40 9.20 9.10

Place Name 1 1 3 4 4 ·6

Li Ning Li Xiaoping Gushiken Koji Jim Hartung Vladimir Artemyev Tim Daggett

Place Name


TOTAL 174.55 174.50 172.30 169.85 166.85 164.35 164.15 162.30

9.90 9.85 9.90 9.65 9.75 9.60 9.70

VAULT Country

Finals Score


9.90 9.80 9.80 9.75 9.30 8.95


Finals Score


9.90 9.90 9.70 9.65 9.65 9.30


Finals Score

Li Ning Kajitani Nobuyuki Vladimir Artemyev Jim Hartung Danny Gaudet Hirata Noritoshi


9.90 9.75 9.75 9.75 9.65 9.55

Place Name Albert Haschar Li Ning Warren Long Jim Hartung Mitch Gaylord Liu Ming


Finals Score


9.875 9.850 9.850 9.800 9.725 9.300


Finals Score


9.95 9.80 9.70 9.60 9.60 9.60


Finals Score


9.90 9.90 9.85 9.80 9.80 9.35



Scoring: Computerland-Allentown, PA

HB 29.35 28.90 29 .30 28 .50 26 .75 27 .50 26 .75 26 .95



PB 29.05 29 .20 28 .50 28 .50 27 .35 27 .45 27 .60 26.95

9.95 9.80 9.65 9.55 9.60 9.70 9.80



v 29.20 29 .25 28.90 28 .05 29 .05 27 .90 28.40 28 .25


BALANCE BEAM Finals Score 9.600 9.500 9.350 9.350 9.300 9.025

R 28.65 28 .25 28 .65 28.05 27 .80 27.25 26.90 26.85

PH 29 .20 29.50 2B.45 28.65 27 .90 26.90 26.65 26.20


VAULT Pl1ce 1 2 3 3 5 6

29.10 29.40 28.50 28.10 28.00 27.35 27 .85 27 .10

Men's All Around Scores





Place Name 1 2 3 4 4 4

Gushiken Koji Li Xiaoping Li Yuejiu Tim Daggett Jim Hartung Warren Long

HIGH BAR Place Name Gushiken Koji Kajitani Nobuyuki Li Ning Jim Hartung Li Xiaoping Mitch Gaylord




MOSCOW-RIGA INVITATIONALS: - Russia certainly was not what I had expected. Everyone had prepared me for long train rides, bus rides, waiting around, and rushing around. Well, we had to do all of them, but they were just part of a great exciting adventure. Our trip started in New York where everyone met and became acquainted before starting our long journey. First we flew to Paris, then on to the Soviet Union. Moscow! - And the first of those long bus rides to the Sports Hotel. The Moscow meet and the Riga meet were exquisite. The opening and closing ceremonies were beautiful and ran very smoothly. Cindy was in the first round and first up on FX in Moscow. She was underscored with a 9.20. Next, we went to vault where Cindy scored a 9 .35 on a layout tsuk. On bars she sat down her double flyaway dismount for an 8.95 . Beam also gave her a problem with a back tuck and she scored an 8.80. Through her

"In the second round the Russians just dominated. They are like finely tuned machines. " round she ended up second all-around. In the second round the Russians just dominated. They are like finely tuned machines. just outstanding! Cindy placed twelfth at the end of the Moscow competition. The Riga meet was just as exciting. Cindy was in the second round with the Chinese team in her squad. Her first event was floor where she scored a 9.50 on an outstanding routine. On vault she scored a 9.45 and bars a 9.50. Up to this point Cindy was fourth all-around. All she had to do was hit beam to win the meet - which I regret to say she did not do. She scored an 8 .4 5 with two falls, and ended up 14th all-around. The finals made it all worthwhile. We finally got to see the American flag raised when Cindy placed 3rd on floor, with a 9.65 . All the other gymnasts and coaches came up to congratulate her. One judge even bought her a bottle of champagne at dinner, but Cindy bubbled more than the champagne! It was difficult to watch the other gymnasts' performances while coaching through the meet with four events running at a time. However, it was impossible not to notice that the Russian routines were far superior. Their floor and beam routines were stocked with difficult tricks, but their dance was very basic. -V: Tsuk fulls; layout tsuk; Cuervo tucked; round -off onto the board, backhandspring, full twist. -UB: Giant series; lots of release moves; reverse hechts; front giants; Delchev; Comaneci front; \Ii-in \Ii-out double flyaway . - BB: Series of handsprings and layouts; round-off layout; round-off layout mount; side back handspring; round-off \Ii- turn dive walkover. Most girls dismounted with double-backs. The Chinese and Russians dismounted full-ins, but both te ams showed very basic dance, minimum requirement. -FX: Front through to full-in ; full-in; half-in; front, one and a half through to double-back. Many girls mounted with full-in and finished with double-back. All in all the trip was a fantastic experience for Cindy and myself. Can you imagine us saying, "Well, when I was in Russia ... !" Everything was terrific, and we couldn't have asked for anything more from our host country, the Soviet Union. Robin Netwall 42

Moscow Invitational March 24-31, 1982 Moscow, USSR Place 1 2 2 4 5 5 7 8 9 9 11 12 13

Name Natalia Yurchenko Borjiana Stojanova Elena Shushunova Ganu Ricna Che Zjan Sil Jui Fin Chen Xiaohun Xui Emi Katrina Melberger Svetlana Murzuenko Bettina Shieferdecker Chin Cichji Cindy Rosenberry


V 9.75 9.65 9.30 9.35 9.45 9.35 9.70 9.20 8.90 9.50 8.90 9.20 9.35

UB 9.75 9.25 9.50 9.50 9.20 9.30 9.45 9.45 9.55 9.60 9.40 9.35 8.95

BB 9.60 9.40 9.15 8.95 9.05 9.20 8.75 9.20 9.15 8.65 9.15 8.75 8.80

FX 9.80 9.30 9.65 9.50 9.55 9.40 9.30 9.30 9.45 9.30 9.45 9.50 9.20

TOTAL 38 .90 37 .60 37.60 37 .30 37.25 37.25 37.20 37.15 37.05 37 .05 36.90 36.-80 36 .30

Riga Invitational March 24-31, 1982 Riga, USSR Place 1 2 2 2 5 6 7 8 9 10 10 10 17

Name Olga Mostepanova Jui Fin Valentina Shkoda Laura Bortlazo Svetlana Murzuenko Alla Shishova Chin Cichji Chen Xiaohun Xun Emi Mariana Radu Maiko Morio Sabo Andrea Cindy Rosenberry


v 9.55 9.50 9.45 9.50 9.40 9.55 9.40 9.60 9.35 9.45 9.15 9.35 9.45

UB 9.70 9.55 9.65 9.60 9.15 9.25 9.50 9.35 9.60 9.00 9.55 9.55 9.50

BB 9.15 9.35 9.00 9.30 9.30 9.00 9.30 9.30 9.25 9.25 8.85 9.05 8.45

FX 9.45 9.30 9.60 9.30 9.70 9.70 9.20 8.95 8.90 9.35 9.50 9.10 9.50

TOTAL 37.85 37.70 37.70 37 .70 37 .55 37 .50 37.40 37.20 37.10 37 .05 37 .05 37.05 36.90


Men's Competition: - On Wednesday, March 24th, we arrived in Moscow and checked into the hotel. There was no training facility available at the time of our arrival. Friday was the first day of competition. The program indicated only that the floor would be cleared at 4:45 PM for the first shift. There was no indication as to a timed warm-up or podium training in the program and we tried in vain to get this information. However, we finally decided to go to the gym early enough to be ready for whatever would be in store. All warm-up was done in the warm-up gym only, with the exception of the three minute warm-up on each event. Tom started the first session on rings with a fine routine up to the end where he overrotated his dismount and scored an 8.90. Second event was vault, and the boards were poor. We had a choice of two boards. However, during the fifth rotation a new board suddenly appeared out of nowhere for the East Germans and Russians to use. Anyway, Tom had very bad luck here, his legs buckled upon contact with the board. However, he did his double front anyway but to his surprise overrotated having to roll out for an 8.30. At this point Tom was pretty discouraged, but his PB routine was very good though unappreciated at 9.20. High bar was outstanding and definitely underscored at 9.45. Floor exercise was excellent scoring 9 .40 . And finally pommels w<!.s done well up to the dismount where he fell and received an 8.65. The total was a disappointing 53.90. USGF GYMNASTICS JUI.Y/AUGUST '82

The second session began with three Russian groups consisting of a total of eleven gymnasts. Many of these gymnasts were excellent, and as a matter of fact the lowest score amongst them was 55.40 points. Of these eleven gymnasts none were members of the top Russian team. There were many unearned high scores awarded; however, it appears to me that the depth of the Russian team is beyond compare in the world today. I lost track of how many gymnasts did triples from the high bar and the one-arm combinations were amazing. Many times the one-arm combinations began in an eagle grip and continued twisting around the bar one or two full giant swings. Alexander Pogorelov won the allaround with a 58.00 and the highlight of his performance was a 1 112 twist flyaway regrasp and triple flyaway dismount stuck cold. It should be noted that these gymnasts, though excellent in many respects used an extra mat for landings and were not penalized eventhough the rules require penalty. A mini-finals was held for the 9th through 16th places in the morning and Tom took first in floor exercise. Tom had tied for eighth but his all-around total was lower than the East German's therefore he did not go to the regular finals. Pogorelev won floor and high bar as well as tied with Van Jun on PH. The Chinese gymnast was incredible, spindling on the pommels in flairs. On rings all the Russians missed and the Koreans were very solid tying for first with each other. The East German, Torsten Mettke won V and Li Su Kil of Korea won PB. We arrived in Riga on Sunday at about 10:30 AM and checked into the Hotel Latvia and at 2:30 PM the draw for competition was made. Tom was to compete in the first round but this time so would the Russians. Monday's march-in was started at 6:30 PM and we thought the competition would start at 7:00 PM. However, at 7 PM there was a 10 minute open podium warm-up. Unfortunately we were not informed of this and Tom warmed-up only on HB which was to be his first event. At the end of the 10 minute open warm-up there was a three minute warm-up on the first event. It is my feeling that this could have thrown Tom off just a bit yet his performance was fair anyway but managed only 9.15, a bit underscored though this routine was well below his normal level of work. Floor exercise was excellent at 9.40. PH was his best of his life and underscored at 9.20, but rings went very well for 9.40. Vault was excellent and underscored at 9.35 and finally PB was super with a strong pike double-back dismount for 9.45. Total for this meet 55.95 tying one of the Russians. Tom made Thursday's floor finals but scored only 9.25 which together with his preliminary score left him in the same place, eighth. Also, Tom was the alternate on both rings and PB. However, it was not necessary for him to compete.


CHAMPIONS-ALL: - The delegation sent to ChampionsAll consisted of gymnasts Barrie Muzbeck and Jon Omori, coaches Yoichi Tomita and myself. We arrived in London on April 1st at 10:30 AM. The competition was scheduled for 2:00 PM with warm-ups starting at noon on April 3. The competition was extremely well organized. The entire format was explained at the coaches meeting with competition orders available. Each group of competitors was accompanied by one of the organizers who told them where to be at what time. There was no confusion. The competition was designed to be a fine exhibition of gymnastics with the spectator in mind. The competitors were marched in after a trumpet fanfare to a live marching band. Flags of all participating countries were paraded. The competition itself had men and women alternating on the various pieces. There were only seconds between the performances. Very well done. The gymnasts and their coaches: - I believe that in all cases the coaches represented were the personal coaches of the participating gymnast rather than a "national coaching staff " member. Female participants included Galina Marinova (BUL), Elsa Chivas (CUB), Barrie Muzbeck (USA), Kathleen Williams and Lisa Young, (GBR), Chifumi Ikejiri QPN), Diane Morowe (GDR), Christine Anslinger (FRG), and Li Ying Zi (PRC). Galina Marinova (BUL) won the all-around competition with a 38.40. She was very strong, confident, and very pretty! Her vault was a handspring 1/2 back (Cuervo) for a 9 .60. Her floor routine included triple full, piked double-back, and double full - score 9 .70. She was clearly the winner of the competition though somewhat overscored.

Dan Connelly

Moscow/Riga Invitational March 24-31, 1982 Soviet Union Place Name 1 Alexander Pogorelov 2 Jan Jueshan 3 Stepan Marcinkiv 4 Sja Veidun 5 Sjui Chjicjan 6 Li Chol Chon 7 Eduard Oshurok 8 Van Jun 9 Kondo Sigemicu 10 Vladimir Gonsharov 11 Entc Fisher 12 Li Su Kil 14 Tom Beach

Country FX







9.50 9.60 9.70 9.60 9.25 9.50 9.20 9.60 9.15

9.65 9.70 9.15 9.50 9.55 9.60 9.60 9.70 9.30

9.75 9.45 9.65 9.65 9.45 9.50 9.30 9.35 9.55

9.60 9.45 9.45 9.45 9.65 9.40 9.35 9.30 9.60

9.65 9.60 9.65 9.50 9.55 9.20 9.65 9.40 9.30

9.75 9.75 9.80 9.65 9.70 9.70 9.50 9.20 9.60

57.90 57.55 57.40 57.35 57 .15 56.90 56.60 56.55 56 .50


9.40 9.50 9.65 9.40

9.45 9.10 9.25 9.20

9.40 9.30 9.45 9.40

8.80 9.50 9.35 9.35

9.60 9.20 9.40 9.45

9.75 9.55 8.95 9.15

56.40 56 .15 56 .05 55.95


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Elsa Chivas (CUB), the senior national champion in Cuba, came in second in the all-around. She was physically very strong. She appeared to be very confident and "down to business. " Her vault (9.65) was a layout tsukahara with a pike down but she stuck both landings. Her beam was good, but she suffered a fall on a very high round-off layout stepout for a 9.00. Her bars were very well done but nothing exceptional. She received a fairly high score on floor but her tumbling passes were weak (tuck double, layout step-out, and full) - score 9.35. USA's Barrie Muzbeck ( 14 years-old) placed third AA. After observing the practice sessions, I felt that Barrie had an excellent chance for a medal. Her vault was handspring front tuck, w hich she landed low with one step - score 9.10. Her bars were very good, but she had a fall on a "nothing" part which left h er with an 8 .90. Her beam was very good (9.30) but had a few bobbles. Floor was excellent and I felt underscored at a 9.50. Barrie's tumbling included a very high stuck double-back, doubl e full, and a full. Galina beat her in this event despite a triple full which was incomplete, and a piked double which was short with three big steps forward to keep from touching her hands, and less elegant dance. 18 year-old Kathleen Williams (GBR), coached by Keith Bould, was next in the all-around with a 36.50. Kathy was considered the number two GBR representative but she had a very nice and consistent meet. She appeared to be in good shape. Her bar routine was of the "wrapping" variety including uprise full and clear hip handstands. Her vault was a piked tsuk (9.00) and flo or tumbling included a tucked double-back (9.45). Chifumi Ikejiri OPN), who is 22 years-old and coached by Mr. Masao Asaoka scored 36.25 for her 5th place finish. She was a very pleasant and competent gymnast, however she had several falls on beam to only score an 8.55. Her vault was a layout tsuk with a large pike down and she also showed a tucked do uble-back on floor. Diane Morowe (DOR) was listed in th e program as 14 yearsold but she told me she was 12! She was very petite. Her bar set included giants, and a dismount which was like a piked Delchev to a stand. Beam also kept this gymnast from a higher finish due to a fall. Great Britain's Lisa Young was next at a 35.85. She was the Great Britain favorite going into the meet but had problems in all events. Her vault was a layout tsuk with a balk on the first attempt and a heavy pike on the second. She also mounted with a doubleback on floor, and showed a stock bar set. Christine Anslinger ( 16 years-old from the Federal Republic of Germany) coached by Zbigniew Kamasinski finished 8 th AA. Christine did not appear to be in top performance sh ape. She had two falls on beam for an 8 .05 . Li Ying Zi (PRC) is 15 years-old and coached by Mr. Luo Wenxian. Li came into the practice with an injured ankle. She only performed one vault (layout tsuk which landed short ). Sh e then proceeded to bars where she performed a nice set including giant swings (very arched). She took her "touch " warm-up for beam but scratched the rest on the competition due to the injured ankle .

Champions -


April 3, 1982 London, England Place 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9


Name Galina Marinova Elsa Chivas Barrie Muzbeck Kathleen Williams Chifumi lkejiri Diane Morowe Lisa Young Christine Anslinger Li Ying Zi


v 9.60 9.65 9.10 9.00 9.25 9.20 9.20 8.95 8.85

UB 9.65 9.35 8.90 9.10 9.10 9.20 8.80 9.10 9.55

BB 9.45 9.00 9.30 8.95 8.55 8.85 8.85 8.05 0.00

FX 9.70 9.35 9.50 9.45 9.35 8.85 9.00 8.85 0.00

TOTAL 38.40 37.35 36.80 36 .50 36 .25 36 .10 35 .85 34 .95 18.40

In the men 's competition, USA Junior National Team member Jon Omori came to the meet with credentials and competitive experiences below that of most of the o ther competitors. He h ad a very good meet scoring a 55.00. He was very consistent throughout the competition with a "break" only on PB. His high bar set was very well executed and earned the second highest mark (9.45) of the competition. The Japanese coach complimented Jon on his fine high bar combinations. Jon finished in seventh place in the AA. SteÂĽe Whitlock

Champions All April 3, 1982 London, England Place 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Country FX PH R V PB HB TOTAL Name Wang Xiaoming PRC 9.55 8.85 9.50 9.45 9.30 9.60 56 .25 GDR 9.30 9.20 9.40 9.65 9.20 9.30 56 .05 Bernd Jensch JPN 9.10 9.30 9.50 9.50 9.20 9.40 56.00 Tashiro Kanai Vladimir URS 9.25 9.50 9.60 8.95 9.00 9.20 55 .50 Artemiev GRB 9.25 9.00 9.40 9.45 8.75 9.40 55 .25 Keith Langley Volker Rohrwick FRG 9.30 8.80 9.30 9.50 9.00 9.25 55.15 USA 9.10 8.90 9.25 9.20 9.10 9.45 55.00 Jon Omori Plamen Petkov BUL 9.05 7.90 9.20 9.00 9.25 9.05 53 .45 CUB 1.50 7.75 9.25 0.00 0.00 0.00 18.50 Sergio Suarez


HUNGARIAN INTERNATIONAL INVITATIONAL: The men's delegation was made up of competitors Matt Biespiel (Southern Conn. State College) and Chris ¡ Reigel (Wyomissing, PA), coach Jim Howard, and judge Les Sasvary. Departure was from New York by way of SAS Airlines via Copenhagen and finally Budapest. Upon arrival, we were m et by a very capable interpreter and then bused to our living quarters. All athletes and coaches were housed in a dormitory-type hotel which was adequate, but somewhat "spartan" by our standards. Our first training session was held in a work-out gym close to the main arena, but the equipment was not the same as that used in the competition. After getting stretched out both gymnasts went through good work-outs despite the fact they h ad not been able to get much rest the night before. Our second work-out was held in the competition arena on a podium similar to the World Championships' in Moscow. The arena itself was newly constructed and very similar to the Olympic Stadium in Moscow, only scaled down, seating about 14,000. Equipment used in the competition was Spieth with the exception of the pommel horse and vaulting horse which was of Swiss construction. The mats were also Spieth and were very adequ ate, much softer than Sarneige. Two vault boards were on the floor, one the traditional "Reuther" type, the other an experime ntal board which contained foam inserts which seemed to give a better springing ac tion. Both Matt and Chris chose the exp erimental board and did quite well. We were told that this experimental board was being considered for use at the 1983 World Championships. The competition featured thirty-four gymnasts representing seventeen countries. Most countries entered relatively inexperienced gymnasts except for Hungary and Japan, w ho entered their top gymnasts from the World Championships. USGF GYMNASTICS JULY/AUGUST '82

The compulsory competition showed no surprises. Ring dismounts and "Peach Baskets" were the two skills performed most inconsistently by the majority of the gymnasts. Biespiel went through th e six compulsories with no major breaks for a score of 55.00. Riegel had three major faults. A missed "back stutz" led to two extra swings and an 8.10 on PB ; a short hold on the "press" ended in a 9.15 on FX; and a fall on a "Kehr-in" resulted in an 8.85 on pommel horse, final score 54. l 0. Of all the compulsory sets, Riegel's vault, 9.35, was grossly underscored by at least .40. What a rip-offi! In the optionals, Biespiel again went through six events with no major faults for 55.80 and a total of 110.80 and eleventh place in the all-around. Riegel performed much more consistently the second day for a 55.54 and a 109.60 total for 17th place. Biespiel qualified for three individual event-finals - floor, rings, and horizontal bar. On FX Matt over-rotated a double-back for a 9.15 and 7th place. Lack of straight arm forward swing and a weak strength part resulted in a 9.00 on rings (8th place). A weak dismount on HB resulted in a 9.30 and 8th place. Riegel qualified in two event-finals - floor and vault. Riegel's set contained only two risk parts and this, combined with the fact he executed two double-fulls, resulted in a 9 .55 (5th place). Chris is capable of much more in this event. In vaulting, Chris had an excellent chance for a gold medal, but over-rotated a piked handspring front and touch his knee down for a 9.30 . His second vault was a very well executed tucked tsukahara-full twist, score 9.60 and sixth place. The Japanese completely dominated the finals competition with Kajitani winning all but HB and that gold medal went to his teammate, Yamawaki. Both Matt and Chris represented the U.S.A. very well. It was a pleasure to work with both athletes.



Hungarian Invitational April 5-11, 1982 Budapest, Hungary Place 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 17

Name Nobuyuki Kajitani Kyoji Yamawaki Gyeorgy Guczoghy Li Su Gil Li Chol Hon Han Guan Song Oleg Protaszov Andreas Hirsch Zoltan Kelemen Matt Biespiel Ferenc Donath Istvan Vamos Chris Riegel

Country AA Total C/O JPN 115 .05 JPN 113 .20 HUN 112.90 PRK 112.20 PRK 112.15 PRK 111 .85 URS 111 .55 GDR 111 .1 0 HUN 111 .05 USA 110.80 HUN 110.75 HUN 11 0.70 109.60 USA

Hungarian Invitational April 5-11, 1982 Budapest, Hungary Place 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 12

Name Silvia Topalova Natalia Solovej Andrea Szabo Michelle Goodwin Kriszlina Koteles Antonetta Rachneva Tania Gonzales Ratka Zemanova Nina Roffey Andrea Horacsek Marta Artigas Laura Bortlaso Yayoi Kano




AA Total 75 .20 74 .65 74.50 73.95 73 .30 73 .15 73.05 73 .00 72.95 72 .90 72 .70 72 .40 72.40







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INTERNATIONAL TOURNAMENT OF CHAMPIONS: - Amy Koopman and I traveled to Cottbus in the German Democratic Republic with Ken Allen as the delegation leader and men's judge, Art Shurlock as men's coach, Marilyn Cross as the women's judge, and Mark Caso was our male gymnast. Our first look at the competition site provided some very pleasant surprises. The equipment was excellent. The floor was as springy or moreso than any in the States. The bars were good, mats adequate, and the vaulting board was the prototype of the board to be used at the Budapest World Championships ( 1983) and proved to be as springy as any board in U.S. In short, Amy loved the equipment. Amy's first training session was excellent. We worked every event but vault, and her work was nearly flawless. She had the kind of quiet confidence and determination that led me to believe that a very good performance would follow. The following day of training proved to be more of the same. Amy's training was so good I started to get worried that maybe it was too good, but her quiet intenseness and determination seemed to keep h er very much in touch with her work. Amy chose to take the trip to East Germany knowing that it would be hard on her since without another gymnast from the States along and if the Canadians or the British did not attend she might get pretty lonely. Luckily, the Canadians did attend so she had friends to chum with between training and competition. However, she did apply herself exceedingly well to the task at hand as she prepared herself mentally for a good performance. We did not expect to be able to place high in this competition due to East European politics. Amy set herself to simply do her best and the judges would hopefully not be able to deny her requisite scores. This straregy proved perfect as her performance was truly sparkling. The field of competition was very good. Ultimately, Amy placed second in the AA to a Bulgarian, with 38.05 for her score against the Bulgarian's 38.30. Amy began her competition on bars and did a fantastic routine, easily the best she has done this year for a 9.55. We protested this score and it was raised to 9.65 and she went to finals with the highest score of the field. Balance beam was the next event and Amy performed the routine of her season again as she scored 9.50 and also led the field into finals. Floor exercise followed and she scored 9.60 for the second highest score. Vaulting was her last event and here she had her only troubles in the preliminaries. She touched her hands on her first vault, layout tsuk and came back to perform a good put perhaps not spectacular vault on her second attempt for a 9.30. The 9.30 placed her 9th on vaulting to be the alternate to finals. Canadian Hardy Fink, who came from the Hungarian Invitational competition, remarked that the compeJition in Cottbus was better than in Hungary and I must say that it was easily as good or better as the Chunich Cup, which I attended in December. A look at some of the skills being done and done very well might give an indication. On floor exercise there were two full-ins. One Russian did round-off flip-flop tuck double-back, flip-flop, flip-flop to dou ble twist for her opening pass. Marinova (BUL) did a round-off flip-flop double tuck flip-flop tuck. There were three or four triple twists. Twice done as second passes and once as the dismount pass. And Amy did front through to pike double-back. On UB, there were several Delchevs, many double flyaway dismounts, and several front somersault catches on the same bar. Vaulting saw several full twisting tsuks, two Cuervos, and the typical variety of handspring fronts and layout tsuks. BB had Marinova dismount with b arani-in back-out from one foot take off. A Russian did flip-flop to layout full twist on the beam, and many did double-back dismounts. Furthermore, there were not many falls by comparison to other meets I have attended. The younger East Germans had a few problems and some of the Jess capable athletes were working a little over their USGF GYMNASTICS JULY/AUGUST '82

heads but the competition was exciting as the winners were not decided by falls but by good performances. The judges had to decide the winners in this case since the athletes did not provide the big errors that would make the placements easy to determine. When all was said and done, Amy had placed second to Galina Marinova from Bulgaria. The placement was fair since the vault of Marinova was an excellent Cuervo, among the best I have ever seen and she clearly deserved to win. On BB she did the barani-in back-out, FX the double tuck through to a tuck and a triple twist along with dismounting with a double back. Her bars included a hecht back dismount and a wide variety of well executed skills. Amy received a great deal of attention for her artisticness as she was in a class by herself for her elegance and good form. The rest of the field was clearly distant in their dance and elegance. INTERNATIONAL GYMNAST's international editor Or. Joseph Goehler (FRG) attended the competition and saw, as we did, that the judges were awarding acrobatics in FX beyond the quality of the dance work and composition. Both competitions were hard on endurance since they began warm-ups at 8:30 AM both days and along with the time change it was difficult for us. Amy was in finals on everything but vault. We had much encouragement from Wolfgang, our interpreter, to do well as he had said that no one from America had ever won at the GDR meet. He wanted very much for our anthem to be played for the first time in history of the meet. He was not to be disappointed. Amy had some trouble on UB and placed fourth . Amy was to go up first on balance beam even though she had the highest score. We thought that surely someone was out to get us. BB saw her really sparkle as she won the event soundly and again provided a performance so elegant that the compliments followed for hours. Amy saw the flag and heard the anthem as the GDR people also heard it for the first time in the competition. Floor exercise fol lowed and Amy turned in another nearly flawless performance for second place. Amy immediately got a lot of fans among the East Germans as they followed her back to the hotel for autographs. As the finals concluded we went back to the hotel for a quick meal. The weekend schedule called for an exhibition three hours after the women's final competition held on Sunday. We had chosen to perform on BB and UB for the exhibition due to a knee injury Amy had suffered prior to leaving for the meet, which was a nuisance but not serious. Amy performed her exhibition events with continued success as she hit bars and beam flawlessly. This brought to a close our experience with the DOR Invitational. We returned to the States uneventfully, except for our stay in Amsterdam where we took a taxi from the airport to the downtown Amsterdam so that we could go to McDonald's. We immediately gravitated to a place we knew had coke and ice. For our new national sponsors I must say that this is not the first time we have gravitated to a McDonald's while overseas. The role that the McDonald's plays in helping us feel a little more like home and a little homesick when we're abroad cannot be understated. The McDonald's provides us with familiar surroundings that are comforting for our young athletes abroad. Bil Sands



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International Masters Tournament April 16-18, 1982 Cottbus, GDR Place 1 2 3 4 5 5 7 7 9 10 10 12

Name Galina Marinova Amy Koopman Lydia Chivas Tschoi Ten Sil Alena Drevjana Freiderike Danz Ivana Krmelova Astid Hesse Liliana Renoin Mariella Manolova Stefanie Marin Katarizyna Snopko



v UB BB FX TOTAL 9.65 9.45 9.45 9.75 38 .30

Total Amount Enclosed Name or Initials - - - - - - -- -- - - - - --

9.30 9.65 9.50 9.60 38.05 9.40 9.50 9.20 9.50 9.25 9.35 9.15 9.50 8.70 8.95

State _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Zip - --

9.40 8.90 9.30 8.55 9.25 9.10 9.00 9.05 9.20 9.00

9.40 37 .60 9.20 37 .05 9.25 37 .00 9.50 37.00 9.30 36 .85 9.50 36.85 9.30 36 .80 9.05 36 .70 9.40 36.70 9.25 36 .60


Address - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - City - - - - - - - --

9.40 9.45 9.25 9.45 9.05 8.90 9.35 9.10 9.40 9.40




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MEN'S REPORT Men's Competition: - In Berlin, there was a welcoming committee waiting for us and they took us by bus to Cottbus (about a ninety minute trip ). The meet organizers greeted us at the Cottbus Hotel, checked us in and collected our passports. It was already fairly late in the evening so we all p acked it in. Thursday afternoon was training for everyone. The equipment was Mitufa and our gymnasts thought it was very good, even excellent. There was a new vaulting board which was higher (not as flat as most wooden boards ) and had a lot more spring than our gymnasts expected. Both gymnasts felt good about their workouts. In the evening there was a banquet, which included folk songs, folk dances and a lengthy welcome from the mayor of Cottbus. In the men's judging meeting I learned, there were only enough judges for four p er event - twelve foreign judges and twelve DOR judges. In the initial monologue there was talk of fair evalu ation by Alexander Ly lo accompanied by Karl-Heinz Tschoke. Then w e were told by the DOR Director of Judges which events we were to judge and which six DOR Judges would act as head judges. Unbelievable! I very politely approached Mr. Lylo and raised two questions. Why did we not draw for assignments? Why is the head judge not as neutral as possible (the fact that there were two DOR judges in each event already loaded things somewhat)? The answer to the first qu estion came from the DOR Director of Judges and was the same as last year. It was more convenient organizationally. Although this same man objected to Mr. Lylo's suggestion for changing the head judges, Mr. Lylo insisted that all the head judges would be those originally assigned as number two. These would all be non-DOR judges. After the m eeting I worked on a proposal for assignment of judges for such a competition and later presented it to Mr. Lylo. I didn't hear anymore about it. The judging aspect of the competition went fairly well. I would be judging parallel bars in the preliminary competition. The one unfortunate incident during the first round was Mark Caso's performance. He had two falls and a very rough exercise. I had a

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7.80. The two DOR judges had 7.50 and 7.70 . The head judge, a Hungarian, had a 6.0 and wanted to bring our scores down but, because w e were in range, we all insisted on keeping them. It was, unfortunately, the beginning of what was to be a very bad night for Mark. I sat next to a young DOR judge who was exceptionally sharp on the difficulty and combination requirements. He did not have recordings of stops and A parts, however, and there were many such violations which went unnoticed by our panel. I was informed that, what we in the U.S. would recognize as two intermediate swings, was only deducted as one intermediate swing. I tend to agree with that concept because it is almost impossible to have what we consider one intermediate swing and to deduct more for a swing than a fall doesn't seem appropriate. A closed-open system of judging was used and this was the first time I had used such a system outside of our country. We wrote our scores on slips of paper and after the superior judge checked them we held up flip cards with our scores. It was a bit burdensome because there was little room at our table and we had to flash our own scores. After each round, we were asked to sign the master scoresheet. I took the time to check all of my scores and found three errors. I am sure they were unintentional but they did occur and I would advise any judge to always check the recorded score and the final average before signing the scoresheet. The finals for men were held at 3:00 PM Saturday. Mark was first alternate on rings but no one scratched so he would not compete. I judged pommel horse and parallel bars and got to watch the other events. On floor, there was only one man who did not do a double back and that was Jorek of West Germany. He mounted with a round-off to a triple full , had a half-in 1-3/4 tucked somersault and finished with a round-off to a double full. Five of the eight gymnasts used full twisting double-backs, four as mounts and one as a dismount. There were two double layout mounts, four 1 3/4 somersaults, one 1 112 twisting 1 3/4 somersault and one arabian double somersault. Six of the eight finalists started and finished with double somersaults. The transitions overall were not too bad. The amplitude on pommel horse is continuing to increase. There was much on pommel work, durham type skills and a lot more flair work. The North Korean gymnast, Li Chol Chon, did two regular double leg circles and the rest of the exercise was done with flair circles. He did one pommel work, traveled across the horse, did a Magyar Spindle on the end and overall did a very difficult set which ended swinging to a handstand. On rings, the strength parts were strong but, overall, the presses were amazingly weak. As I recall, the NCAA's impressed me in the same way. Five of the eight gymnasts used a double giant swing through handstand support to get 2 C's plus one R. Two of those were done with forward swing (inlocate ). The dismounts varied but all would receive an R. The vaulting was fairly ordinary with layout Tsukaharas, 112 twisting handspring front somersaults and full twisting Tsukaharas. There were several gymnasts still running from around the old 20 meter mark with eleven or twelve step approaches. Only the Japanese, as a group, started as far back as possible and took a fourteen step run. It's frustrating but I cannot recall much from the finals on parallel bars. As I look at my judging notes, I find that there were five instances of gymnasts receiving R's during the exercise as opposed to the dismount. There were two dismounts which received R, a double pike and a front double tuck. The Japanese gymnasts were outstanding in their performances with Sotomura being particularly virtuous. They were both missing .20 on some aspect of ROV, however. Two DDR gymnasts who where not eligible for finals did some unusual skills in preliminaries. One did two consecutive healy twirls through support and the other dismounted with a double full. Horizontal bar was pretty spectacular. Hirata did an almost perfectly executed hecht with a 1/ 2 twist regrasp and finished with a rough double twisting double. Five out of seven gymnasts did two big release skills. Five also did one-arm giants and all added turns to the one-arm. Li Chol Chon from North Korea had a backward one-arm giant with one half turn (blind turn) without regrasping USGF GYMNASTICS JULY/AUGUST '82

and then a full turn on the same arm (in the opposite direction) to a one-arm giant forward. He repeated the same thing again and did a front flip catch out of the one-arm giant forward. He finished with a triple back that came as close as any I have ever seen to hitting the bar. Wernij of Russia did the same 1 1/2 turns during two one-arm giants, two consecutive reverse hechts and finished with a kicked out triple back. On Sunday afternoon there was an exhibition of six to eight gymnasts on each event. Unfortunately it was not well organized and seemed to drag most of the time. The performances were very good but there were only a few cases of real showmanship and the atmosphere of a show was greatly Jacking. It was more a demonstration of gymnastics performances without the judging. Amy performed extremely well on both beam and bars. Mark was unable to be involved because he had become very ill. He had been taking some medication for tendonitis and had had some problems with his stomach several weeks before. Sunday morning he awakened with severe vomiting and some bleeding from his stomach. He was taken to the hospital where the medical authorities were very helpful and I am sure Mark was made to feel very comfortable in their care. He had to remain overnight in the hospital but we were assured that he would be ready for us to pick up at 5:00 AM Monday for our departure from Cottbus. That evening there was a final banquet for all delegations. There were a few short speeches and some very entertaining folk story dances and folk singing. Many athletes, coaches, judges, etc. exchanged pins, souveniers and gifts. This was the time to present our federation's gifts to the DDR federation as well. There was dancing and socializing and, finally, farewells. In evaluating the trip for us, I would say we had mixed success. We went to compete and, from that point of view, we did poorly in one case and very well in the other. I believe we all learned from the experience and would be able to perform better in our own capacities the next time around. Ken Allen Amy Koopman, USA

International Masters Tournament April 16-18, 1982 Cottbus, GDR Place Name 1 Michael Nikolay 1 Roland Bruckner 3 Hirata Noritoshi 3 Li Chol Chon 5 Ulf Hoffman 5 Sergei Rjasanew 7 Sotomura Koji 8 Igor Wernij 9 Emilian Nikola 1O Edgar Jorek 11 Martines Castro 12 Alexsander Wilinski


FX 9.50 9.80 9.65 9.70 9.60 9.50 9.40 9.50 9.40 9.45 9.25

PH 9.90 9.70 9.60 9.50 9.40 9.25 9.60 9.25 9.45 9'. 20 9.10

R 9.60 9.65 9.45 9.55 9.55 9.65 9.50 9.40 9.30 9.40 9.30

V 9.40 9.65 9.50 9.40 9.50 9.45 9.50 9.45 9.35 9.00 9.40

PB 9.65 9.60 9.55 9.60 9.35 9.60 9.60 9.00 8.70 9.30 9.25

HB 9.50 9.15 9.65 9.65 9.55 9.50 8.90 9.70 9.60 9.35 8.60

TOTAL 57 .55 57 .55 57.40 57 .40 56.95 56.95 56 .50 56 .30 55 .80 55 .70 54 .90

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U.S. MEN'S TEAM TOURNAMENT: - In Atlantic City, New Jersey, the Playboy Hotel helped to host and co-sponsor (with the USGF) the first annual U.S. Men's Team Tournament. Over 30 gymnasts, including five teams, came from across the country to participate. This tournament is the beginning step in formulating a "postgraduate program" for the senior men gymnasts. This concept has arisen from various needs the senior men's program is faced with today: The USGF's wish to expand into team competition to compliment those many meets involved with only individual participation; there is also a need for expanded compulsory and optional competition; and there are more non-collegiate senior gymnasts today than ever before - all who need additional competitions to aid their training. Director of the Men's Program for the USGF, Mas Watanabe had also stated, "I believe very strongly that the male gymnast's peaking age is somewhere between 22-26 years of age. Many years of dedicated hard work through college age should be carried out to reach the maximum potential of each gymnast. For a variety of reasons we are losing many gymnasts before their ideal peaking age. I sincerely hope the Post-Graduate Program w ill help by providing more opportunities for the gymnast who wishes to continue his gymnastics and hopefully every individual would be able to reach his maximum potential." The team concept evolved to provide two other possible benefits. In providing a team atmosphere for the non-collegiate gymnasts, this should help to form a greater comradery among the athletes to increase unity and communication b etween USA National Team members - especially when competing overseas. These "teams" throughout the country w ill be looking towards corporate sponsorship monies to assist with training, competition, and in some cases schooling. Both in Europe and Japan, similar programs already exist. However, it must b e stressed these are only concepts and the Men's Tournament is just a beginning. The potential is great, but further work and planning is needed still. This years Team Tournament was also used as a qualifying meet for the Championships of the USA in June in Syracuse. From the meet, both Kevin Prady (New Mexico) and Stacy Maloney (!SU/Oshkosh) qualified for the championships. Nebraska's Jim Hartung won the all-around , scoring 116.50 , over Mario McCutcheon at 115.35. Eight USA '81-'82 National Team members competed- Wally Miller, Mario McCutch eon, Matt Biespiel, Billy Paul,Jim Hartung, Chuck Chmelka, Kevin Prady and Brian Meeker. The team competition seemed very similar to that of the past AAU National Championships - when Jim Culhane and John Crosby would join forces representing the N.Y. Athletic Club. The West All-Stars, led by Jim Hartung, won both the compulsories and optionals. They set their team up in order to help "set-up" Chuck Chmelka to try to qualify Chuck for the USA Championships. However, as a post-collegiate gymnast Chmelka's competitive experience this year was inadequate. Last spring he was ranked as the # 10 gymnast in the country, but in Atlantic City he scored 109.10 - far off the 112.00 needed to qualify. This exemplifies the intent of USGF competitions in the "post-graduate program" ; to provide someone as Chuck Chmelka more competitive opportunities to help him prepare to qualify, and if indeed, corporate sponsorships become a reality to help subsidize his training time.

USGF Men's Team Tournament Playboy Hotel May 15¡16, 1982 Atlantic City, New Jersey Place Name 1 Jim Hartung 2 Mario Mccutcheon 3 Brian Meeker 4 Billy Paul 5 Stacey Maloney 6 Byron Knox 7 Kevin Prady 8 Keith Avery 9 Matt Biespiel 10 Don Dembrow 11 Kelly Crumley 12 Steve Yasukawa 13 Chuck Chmelka 14 Rob Gauthier 15 Jon Levy 16 Jeff Mitchell 17 Ricardo Appel 18 Mike Harris 19 Ron Bell 20 Link Frazini 21 Dave Pivnick 22 Dave Allen 23 Wally Miller

COMP. 58.70 57.75 57.65 57.40 55.80 56.45 55.45 55.80 55.95 56 .05 53 .90 54.95 55.50 55.20 54.30 55.35 54.95 54.05 53.75 49.65 51 .55 50 .40 19.05

OPT. 57.80 57.60 56.50 55.90 56.45 55.65 56.60 56.00 55.55 54.60 56.05 54.55 53.60 53.70 53.90 52.40 52.30 52.30 52.50 52.35 48.40 49. 25 00 .00

TOTAL 116.50 115.35 114 .15 113.30 112 .25 11 2.10 112 .05 111.80 111.50 110.65 109.95 109.50 109.10 108.90 108.20 107 .75 107 .25 106.35 106 .25 102.00 99 .95 99 .65 19.05

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HOME TREATMENT PROGRAM FOR ANKLE SPRAINS IARRY GARDNER The most common injury seen in gymnastics is the ankle sprain. One of the questions often asked by the athlete's parents and coach, is how should the ankle sprain be managed during the first few days after the injury. Our column this month was prepared by Larry Gardner, who is a certified athletic trainer and registered physical therapist in Dallas, Texas. Mr. Gardner is going to discuss the early management of ankle sprains. Neal c. Small, M.D.


he ankle sprain is a common injury in any sport where speed, quickness and rapid frequent changes of direction are essential, such as gymnastics. Do not use heat or hot soaks for at least 48 hours after an ankle sprain. If you use no heat for one week, you will be much better off than if you use heat too soon. Use I.C.E. Instead, use I.C.E. (Ice, Compression, and Elevation). Put ice on the injury as soon as possible. Wrap the ankle with a wet elastic bandage, apply an ice bag after dipping it in water to make sure the outside of the bag is wet, then elevate the ankle (ankle higher than knee, knee higher than heart ). Have Ankle X-rayed If, after 24 hours, the pain has not decreased markedly, have the ankle X-ray ed. There are degrees of ankle sprains just as there are degrees of burns. A first degree sprain will swell and be somewhat tender, but shouldn't be incapacitating for more than a day or two. Some of the ankle joint ligaments are stretched. A second degree sprain will be very swollen and p ainful and walking will be impossible without pain. Some ligaments are stretched and some tearing has occurred. In a third degree sprain ligaments are torn and ruptured with a definite possibility of fracture. In this case the ankle should definitely be X-rayed to rule out a fracture or fractures. Contrast Hot-and-Cold Baths After 48 hours, contrast baths can probably be started. However, be sure all swelling has stopped. Fill the bathtub with warm water (no more than 104 degrees ) and a vinyl waste-basket half with ice and half w ith water. Soak ankle in the heat for 15 minutes,

"There are degrees of ankle sprains just as there are degrees of burns. "




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USGF GYMNASfICS Senior rhythmic gymnast Lydia Crabtree won her first National Championship. The junior Champion was Lisa Aaronson; she also won all four events.

1982 USGF RHYTHMIC GYMNASTICS NATIONAL CHAMPIONSHIPS Article by Monika Heilbut/Photography by Dave Black


he 1982 Rhythmic National To provide a try-out opportunity for 1982 Championships were held in girls who want to be selected to attend Ft. Worth, Texas on May 20, NATIONAL USGF the national training camp in June, in 21 and 22 ; making this the RHYTHMIC GYMNASTICS preparation for the National Team Group CHAMPIONSHIPS second time the nationals have been held Exercise, the girls who were not part of in Texas in the American history of one of the competing group exercises rhythmic gymnastics. The competition could show a duet routine with the ball. began on Thursday morning with the On Friday the competition started Junior Division ( 12-14 yrs.) competing with the Seniors ( 15 and over) again rope and hoop. As usual, two sets of alternating routines with the hoop and the rope. Six time National Champion judges alternated to keep the pace flowing smoothly. The best junior with the Sue Soffe won the rope event (9.35), ropewasLisaAaronsonfromLosAngeles, Lydia Crabtree followed with 9.25 and coached by Alla Svirskiy, with a score of Valerie Zimring had 9 .10. In the hoop 8.325. The best hoop routine was also competition Lydia beat Sue with 9.40 to performed by Lisa, scoring 8.95 . 9.35 - very close! Valerie tied with Sue, The individual routines were folalso receiving 9.35. lowed by the group exercise competiThe afternoon alternated clubs and tion. Six girls per group competed in the w1LKERSON-GREJNEs ribbon for the juniors: Lisa Aaronson was ACTIVITY CENTER best in clubs (8.85) and ribbon (8.65). 1982 exercise using six balls. The best FORT WORTH , TEXAS choreography would be selected to be Overall, the improvement of choreogMA Y , 1982 the National Group Exercise choreogHosT-soKoLFORTWORTH raphy, technical value and especially the raphy, used by the National Team in AMERICANSOKOLORGANIZAT10N handling of the apparatus has been international competition. The girls to impressive, especially in regard to their perform this National Group Exercise are young age. selected first according to their execution in the group exercises All-around results for the Junior Division: or duet competition, secondly at the training camp. _ Lisa Aaronson__ 34.~75 Los Angeles (coach A. Svirskiy) Three outstanding groups were entered: The Detroit Metro Dacon Lister 32.55 Tulsa (coach P. McCurry) Gymnasts coached by Zina Mironov and Roza Litvakova, the ABC Ursula Watkins 32.50 Detroit (coach Z. Mironov) Camps and Clinics (eight girls from the Northeast) coached by Cara Walker 31.85 Los Angeles (coach A. Svirskiy) Maria Bakos and Andrea Bateman, and the Los Angeles Lights Laura Sanchez 31.45 Menlo Park, CA (coach Mrs. coached by Alla Svirskiy. In the Group Exercise competition four Sanchez and R. Sayler) 31.35 New York (coach M. Broderick judges evaluate execution for a maximum of ten points and Beth Broderick another set of four judges evaluate composition, also for a and B. LeBlanc) maximum often. The total score can be up to 20.00 points. In this Out of the 30 juniors competing, the top six on each event first round the LA Lights came in first followed by Detroit and ABC advanced to the finals. The top four juniors AA will be invited to the Camps. USOC National Sports Festival to be held in July. USGF GYMNASTICS JULY/AUGUST '82


After a short pause, the competition continued Friday with the senior clubs and ribbon competition. Sue had small execution faults with both clubs and ribbon and received 9.05 and 8.90 , placing her fifth and third respectively. Marina Kunyovsky and Valerie Zimring tied for first place in clubs with two beautiful routines, both 9.25 , and Lydia Crabtree did exceptional work for a 9.15. Lydia also received a 9.15 for her admirable ribbon exercise, followed by Valerie (9.10 ), Stacy Oversier and Sue at 8.90. The all-around results for the seniors: 36.95 L.A. (A. Svirskiy) 1 Lydia Crabtree 2 Valerie Zimring 36.80 L.A. (A. Svirskiy) 3 Sue Soffe 36.65 L.A. (A. Svirskiy) 4 Michelle 35.60 Detroit Z. Mironov/ Berube R. Litvakova) 5 Selina Woolery 35.40 L.A. (A. Svirskiy) 6 Stacy Oversier 34.45 L.A. (A. Svirskiy) 7 Amy Schatz 34.20 Detroit (Z. Mironov/ R. Litvakova) 8 Karen Lyon 34.05 Detroit (Z. Mironov/ R. Litvakova) 9 Marina Kunyosky 33.85 L.A. (A. Svirskiy) 10 Kelly Zaloudek 33.80 L.A. (I. Vogelaar) 11 Karla Newell 33.75 Detroit (Z. Mironov/ R. Litvakova) 12 Teresa Bruce 33.45 Oregon (Beverly Bruce) These top twelve girls are our National Senior Team, and they all displayed tremendous difficulty and great depth of expression

(Above) California's Lydia Crabtree from the L.A. Lights, scored 36.95 to win the senior all-around National Championship. (Below) Michelle Berube from Detroit, placed fourth all-around.

"Overall, the improvement of choreography, technical value and especially the handling of the apparatus has been impressive, especially in regard to their young age." at these championships! One must also emphasize that at this lofty level, where the scores are 9.00 or more for certain routines among the first six girls of the nation, the routines of Selina Woolery, Michelle Berube and Marina Kunyovsky were of high risk, difficulty and beauty, even if they did not place among the top three all-around in the competition. They will have another opportunity to excel at the finals. On Friday evening we enjoyed a second group exercise competition, displaying again the intricate but very harmonious choreographies of Mrs. Svirskiy's, Mrs. Mironov's, and Mrs. Bakos' and Mrs. Bateman's groups. This was followed by an open meeting for gymnasts, parents, coaches and judges with Mr. Counsil addressing the group in regard to the RG program of the USGF, explaining the financial situation and encouraging a coordinated fund-raising effort for the trip to New Zealand (Four Continents Championships). Dr. A. Schmid, National Chairman for rhythmic gymnastics, spoke to the group about the future and praised all for their hard work and great accomplishments. Saturday, May 22, was partly occupied by the outfitting the National Teams ( 12 seniors , 12 juniors) and coaches by ASICS/Tiger company, who sponsored the suits, leotards and shoes. At 5:00 the finals began, broadcast live on cable's ON-TV, with the top eight seniors alternating with the top six juniors on each event, judged by two groups of judges. Sue Soffe won first place in the rope event (18.85) but then had to withdraw from the final competition due to a painful hip condition. The comparison of the gymnasts' scores in the general competition with the final competition really lets one appreciate the high risk involved. Lydia in clubs had a range of 9 .15 and 8. 30, Valerie with the ribbon 8. 70 and 9.10! Execution really has a great S6


(Above) National Champion in the ribbon event, Michelle Berube. (Below) Sue Soffe won the rope event and . won the bronze in the all-around.

impact, since the composition on this high level is virtually flawless, with the high technical value and excellent harmony with the music. The sizable audience that turned out for finals was very enthusiastic in their applause. The judges for the national championships were: Dr. Andrea Schmid (referee), Norma Zabka (he.a d judge - ribbon/rope), Monika Heilbut (head judge - hoop/clubs), Helena Greathouse, Joyce Bloom, Barbara Fester, Candace Feinberg, KathyBrym, Nora Hitzel. Jerry Milan did an exceptional job as Meet Director and Host par excellence, together with the Sokol Ft. Worth of the American Sokol Organization. He and his wife Henrietta provided a supportive and friendly atmosphere for all on Thursday and an

"These top twelve girls . . . all displayed tremendous difficulty and great depth of expression ... " exciting Country-Western dance on Saturday. His organization can be highly recommended for their professional approach and humane concerns. Participants in the Group Exercise competition: Los Angeles Lights (Coach Alla Svirskiy): Lydia Crabtree, Valerie Zimring, Selina Wo0lery, Stacy Overs!er, Nancy Neufeld, Marina Kunyovsky, Elizabeth Cull, Catherine Lepard, Lisa Aaronson. ABC Camps and Clinics (Coaches Maria Bakos & Andrea Bateman): Jeri Anderson, Tyana Boyd, Beth Broderick, Jennifer Dugan, Nicole Gakidis, Lisa Richmond, Lynn Waller. Detroit Metro Gymnasts (Coaches Zina Mironov & Rosa Litvakova): Michelle Berube, Karen Lyon, Karla Newell, Amy Schatz, Cheryl Stevens, Danielle Williams, Lisa Kountoupes, Ursula Watkins. Only six gymnasts actually competed in each of the three group exercise performances, the others were alternates. USGF GYMNASTICS JULY/AUGUST '82


Rhythmic Gymnastics Senior National Championships May 20-22, 1982 Fort Worth, Texas

Rhythmic Gymnastics Junior National Championships May 20-22, 1982 Fort Worth, Texas

Senior All Around Results

Junior All Around Results Place 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 9 9

12 13 14 15 15 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26

Name Lisa Aaronson Dacon Lister Marcie Whitaker Cara Walker Laura Sanchez Beth Broderick Mavis Atlas Kimberley Stiles JoAnne Heineman Lisa Prosser Simonia Solaveychik Irina Rubinshtein Cory Anne Pope Tina DiMara Jennifer Mann Cheryl Stevens JoAnna Munro Laura Starr Sung Hee Hong Kerrie Jackson Mary Stanley Lynn Waller Mia Panganiban Nichole Baker Charlene Edwards Amy Bossi

Rope 8.325 8.00 8.40 7.70 7.85 7.80 8.00 7.20 7.55 7.60

Hoop 8.95 8.50 7.75 8.00 7.80 7.75 8.00 7.80 8.1 0 7.90

Club Ribbon TOTAL 8.65 34 .775 8.85 7.50 32.55 8.55 7.90 32.50 8.45 8.05 31 .85 8.10 7.85 7.95 31 .45 7.80 31 .35 8.00 7.45 31 .10 7.65 7.85 30.95 8.10 7.35 30.90 7.90 7.65 30.90 7.75

7.70 7.25 7.55 7.60 7.10 7.80 7.75 7.10 7.45 7.30 6.70 7.15 6.40 6.95 7.15 6.60

7.60 7.80 7.60 7.75 7.95 7.55 6.90 8.15 7.20 7.25 7.75 7.00 7.45 7.15 7.05 6.45

8.05 8.20 8.10 8.05 7.65 7.75 8.20 7.65 7.50 7.35 7.70 7.35 7.70 7.45 7.50 7.25

7.55 7.55 7.45 7.25 7.70 7.30 7.30 6.95 7.60 7.35 6.80 7.10 6.85 6.00 6.45 7.20

Place 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 13 13 16 17 18 18 20 21 22 23 23 25 26 27 28

30.90 30.80 30.70 30.65 30.40 30.40 30.15 29 .85 29 .75 29 .25 28 .95 28 .60 28.40 28 .20 28 .15 27 .50

Name Lydia Crabtree Valerie Zimring Sue Soffe Michelle Berube Selina Woolery Stacy Oversier Amy Schatz Karen Lyon Marina Kunyavsky Kelly Zaloudek Karla Newell Teresa Bruce Karen Greenblatt Irene Korman Nancy Neufeld Jeri Anderson Jayne warsh Jennifer Dugan Lisa Kountounes Elizabeth Cull Nicole Gakidis Karen Sadowski Abby Sued Danielle Williams Sarah Harnden Karen Wirta Sheila Beasley Karina Kuli

Prell ml· nary

Fina ls








7.95 7.90 7.80 7.85

7.95 7.95 8.00 7.75

15.90 15.85 15.80


CLUBS 1 Lisa Aaronson 2 Ursula Watkins 3 Cara Walker 4 Dacon Lister 5 Irina Rublnshtein 6 JoAnna Munro




8.45 8.10

8.50 8.55

16.95 16.65













8.40 8.00

8.45 8.30

16.85 16.30




7.80 8.00

8.10 7.75

15.90 15.75

Prellm· Inary

Fina ls

















8.50 8.50

8.60 8.50

17. 10 17.00




TOTAL 36.95 36.80 36.65 35.60 35.40 34.45 34.20 34 .05 33 .85 33.80 33.75 33.45 32.55 32.55 32.55 32.50 32.35 31.80 31.80 31.05 30.55 30.40 30. 35 30.35 30.25 29 .65 29.40 29.25

8.95 8.50 8.00

9.10 8.55 8.50

1 Sue Soffe 2 Lydia Crabtree 3 Valerie Zimring 4 Michelle Berube Karen Lyon Selina Woolery 7 Amy Schatz 8 Karia Newell





17.05 16.50




8.10 8.15

8.25 8.05

16.35 16.20

CLUBS 1 Marina Kunyavsky 2 Selina Woolery 3 Kelly Zaloudek 4 Karla Newell 4 Valerie Zimring 6 Stacy Oversier 7 Lydia Crabtree







8.95 8.90

9.10 8.90

18.05 17.80






















9.05 8.70

8.35 8.60

17.40 17.30






HOOP 1 Lisa Aaronson 2 Dacon Lister 3 Cara Walker 4 Mavis Atlas 4 JoAnne Heineman 6 Laura Starr


1 Michelle Berube 1 Lydia Crabtree 3 Selina Woolery 3 Valerie Zimring 5 Stacy Oversier 6 Amy Schatz 7 Karla Newell


ROPE 1 Lisa Aaronson 2 Ursula Watkins 3 Dacon Lister 4 Laura Sanchez 5 Beth Broderick Mavis Atlas

Club Ribbon 9.1 5 9.15 9.25 9.1 0 8.90 9.05 8.85 8.70 8.85 9.15 8.90 8.75 8.45 8.50 8.45 8.65 7.50 9.25 8.05 8.95 8.50 8.90 7.95 8.40 8.30 8.00 8.25 8.45 8.05 8.40 8.15 8.30 8.30 7.85 7.70 8.00 7.95 8.00 6.60 8.65 7.40 7.95 7.40 7.65 6.80 7.80 7.75 7.05 7.30 8.00 9.15 8.85 7.60 7.00 7.35 7.30



1 Lisa Aaronson 2 Cara Walker 3 Laura Sanchez 4 Ursula Watkins 5 Beth Broderick 6 Kimberly Stiles

Hoop 9.40 9.35 9.35 9.05 9.00 8.40 8.70 8.05 9.05 8.70 7.80 8.70 8.45 8.15 8.10 7.70 8.35 8.00 8.20 7.55 7.70 7.45 7.65 7.95 7.55 7.20 7.80 7.30



Place Name

Rope 9.25 9.10 9.35 9.00 8.40 8.40 8.55 8.95 8.05 8.10 8.55 8.40 7.80 7.70 8.00 8.35 7.85 8.10 7.65 8.25 7.50 7.90 8.10 7.60 7.40 6.90 7.00 7.30




9.00 8.95

9.40 8.55

18.40 17.50

8.40 8.55 8.55

8.85 8.60 8.40

17.25 17. 15 16.95

1 Valerie Zimring 2 Marlna Kunyavsky 3 Lydia Crabtree 4 Kelly Zaloudek 5 Michelle Berube 6 Amy Schatz 7 Selina Woolery

GROUP ROUTINE Place Team 1 L.A. Lights 2 Detroit 3 ABC


Prellm· Inary

Fina ls


35.55 34 .55 32 .70

35.18 34 .98 34 .08

17.78 17.28 16.35


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September 5-20 Pacific Continental Championships (men & women) Australia

September 23-26 USGF Congress 1982 Fort Worth, Texas




•senior Training Camp (men) Colorado Springs, CO

September 18-26 International Gymnastics Tournament "October Cup" (men & women) Egypt

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•Junior Development Camp II (men) Colorado Springs, CO



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Augusts Caesar's Palace Men's Gymnastics Invitational Las Vegas, Nevada




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September 25-26 Men's National Championships Cup of the National Slovaque Rovolt (men) Czechoslavakia October 1-2 _ Rhythmic International Invitational (women) Atlantic City, New Jersey October 10-24 Senior National Elite Training Camp (women) Colorado Springs, CO October 12-18 Dutscher Turner Bund (men) West Germany October 22-24 World Cup (men & women) Yugoslavia





Authorization: The United States Gymnastics Fed-

eration (U.S.G.F) is the sole governing body for the United States of America for the sports of artistic gymnastics for men and women and for rhythmic gymnastics. The U.S.G.F. receives its authorization from the United States Olympic Committee (U.S.O.C ), where it is a group A member; from the International Gymnastics Federation (FIG); and from the International Olympic Committee (LO.C ) A-2 Events: Sanctions and authorizations for the conduct of competitive and/or exhibition events in the sports of rhythmic and artistic gymnastics will, within the guidelines and constraints contained herein, be considered by the U.S.G.F. Events between gymnastics teams from the USA and other nations, along with certain other designated domestic events which fall under the aegis of the U.S.G.F. will be considered for sanction by the U.S.G.F. Sanctioning Committee.

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a Junior Olympic Age Group Program qualification meet, such meet would require a U.S.G.F. Sanction even if considered a closed event. "If the competition is to be utilized as a Junior Olympic Age Group Program OOAGP) qualifying meet, such meet would require a U.S.G.F. Sanction even if considered a closed event."

NOTE: Meets designated as "zone" meets must be so designated by action of the Women's Committee on a meet-by-meet basis. B-2. All domestic competitions require a sanction by the U.S.G.F. Sanction Committee if they involve U.S.G.F. National Team Members, unless they are closed competitions as defined in B-1-c.



Only the U.S.G.F., by virtue of IOC and FIG mandates, may invite or authorize foreign gymnasts event participate in the US.

B-1. A domestic event which requires a sanction by the U.S.G.F. Sanctioning Committee is an event which meets all the following requirements:

C-L An International Event is any event which involves any USA gymnast( s) and meets either of the following requirements:




September 25-26 Artistic Gymnastics Tournament for Women Sicily

a. Takes place In the United States b. Involves athletes from the U.S.G.F. Elite Men's and Women's National Teams (both Jr. & Sr.) c. Is not a closed competition. Closed events are limited by membership restriction to a specific organization (example: YMCA National Championships, NCAA National Championships)- A _ closed event must be administered under the administrative supervision of that sponsoring organization to be considered a closed event. (Note: Any event involving athletes from two (2) or more different domestic organizations which sponsor gymnastics is an open competition and must receive a U.S.G.F. Sanction from the U.S.G.F If the competition is to be utilized as

a. Takes place outside the United States b. Involves anyone who is not a United States citizen NOTE: This does not apply to foreign athletes residing in the US and participating in closed event competitions. C-2. No organization holding membership in the U.S.G.F. or from without the U.S.F.G. may organize, arrange for, or conduct an International gymnastics event involving gymnasts from the U.S.G.F. or any other organization conducting gymnastics competitions or tours in the United States, unless a sanction has been applied for and approved in wri ting from the U.S.G.F. Sanction Committee. USGF GYMNASTICS JULY/AUGUST '82

USGF Men's Program Guidelines and Coaching Manual Now Available Thru USGF Bookstore for



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C- 3. Normal courtesy between member nations of the FIG requires individual clubs or schools seeking to arrange international exchanges must apply for a U.S.G.F. sanction pursuant to U.S.G.F. Sanctioning Procedures as states In section E-2 herein. This applies even if competitions are school-to-school, club-to-club, etc. (Article 9b, FIG Statutes).

2) Chairperson - U.S.G.F. Sanction Committee Note: Chairperson of the U.S.F.G. Sanctioning Committee is currently: Dr. Mimi Murray Springfield College Springfield, MA 01109


Seep 3. The Sanctioning Committee will meet to consider

D-1. Tours and exhibitions are defined as events w hich are conducted as a show of gymnastics skill only, In any or all events recognized as IOC or FIG competitive events. Further, tour events will not contain any element of competition through scoring or otherwise comparing of performances for purposes of ranking them. Tours and exhibitions are events as defined above involving USA athletes and/or occurring in the U.S.A. (Note: Any manifestation which includes both the elements of a tour and of a competition shall be considered a competition.)

the Sanction Application Form based upon the criteria contained in the U.S.G.F. Sanctioning Policies and Procedures. Consideration of U.S.G.F. program integrity, and any financial considerations which may be adverse to the U.S.G.F. will also be factors affecting sanctioning approval or denial. Seep 4. The Chairperson of the Sanctioning Committee will instruct the Executive Director to notify the applicant in writing of the decision of the Sanction Committee sixty ( 60 ) days prior to the event.

D-2. U.S.G.F. Sanctioning Policies as stated in Sections B and C herein also apply to tours and exhibitions.

Section F. Fees. If a sanction is awarded, the sanction fee will be set by the lJ.S.G.F. Sanction Committee. The U.S.G.F. retains the right to retain television sales of the event unless otherwise negotiated.



E-1. The U.S.G.F., as the governing body for gymnastics in the United States must consider the issuance of sanctions for those events as defined in this U.S.G.F. Sanctioning Policies and Procedures. E-2 . U.S.G.F. Regional Chairpersons are empowered only to approve sanctions for U.S.G.F. sponsored meets at local, sectional, state and regional levels as well as designated zone competitions, but within the constraints listed in these Sanctioning Policies and Procedures. (See W'omen's Commitree Policies and Procedures, Chapter 8 , Section A; and Men 's Program Guidelines and Coaching Manual, Section 3, II, C, "Competition Sites, p. 52.) E-3. These sanctioning policies and procedures apply not only to events not being formally conducted by and for the U.S.G.F. itself, but also to organizations who are constituent members of the U.S.G.F. or those organizations who otherwise conduct gymnastics programs and/or events other than closed events as defined in B-1 -c.

G-1 Hearing. If a violation of this policy occurs, the U.S.G.F. Executive Committee will schedule a hearing to review the case. The Chief Executive Officer ( C.E.O.) of the alleged offending organization and the alleged offending individual will be notified in writing of the time and place for the hearing at least fifteen ( 15) days prior to the scheduled hearing. If they elect to, the C.E.O. of the alleged offending organization along with the individual alleged to have made the violation may attend the hearing at their own expense to present their views.

G-2 Penalties. If a violation is deemed to have taken place, the lJ.S.G.F. Executive Committee shall levy a penalty deemed to be consistent with the degree of damage done the United States Gymnastics Federation.

Penalties may be levied in the following categories: a. If the offense is deemed to be national in scope and deemed to have been perpetrated by an organization (e.g. a national or international level competition or tour), the offending national organization may be suspended for a period of time up to one ( I ) year from the U.S.G.F. Board of Directors.

E-4. SANCTIONING PROCEDURES The following steps must be followed in order to obtain a sanction for events which require them:

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b. If the offense is deemed to be only local or regional in scope and deemed to have been perpetrated by organization, then the offending school or club, may be suspended from all U.S.G.F. competitions for a period of time up to one (I) year , including the U.S.A. Championships.

Step 1. A Sanction Application Form must be requested in w riting at least ninety ( 90) days in advance of the event. Forms may be obtained from:


Executive Director U.S.F.G. P.O. Box 7686 Fort Worth, Texas 76111

c. If the offense is either international, national, or local in scope, and is deemed to have been perpetrated by an individual athlete, that athlete may be suspended from participation in all international team membership or rotation for a period of up to one year. Additionally, the suspended athlete will be suspended from receiving any other financial aid by the U.S.G.F. for the same period of time.

Seep 2. Completed application forms must be received by

the following rwo people at least 75 days prior to the proposed event: I) Executive Director U.S.G.F. P.O. Box 7686 Fort Worth, Texas 76111



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Adopted by the u.s.G.F. EXECUTIVE COMMI'ITEE. June 17, 1982. Revised 7114/82

CLASSIFIED ADVERTISING FEMALE GYMNASTICS COUSELORS: Maine Girls' Camp with outstanding gymnastics program . Uneven Parallels, Balance Beams, separate regulation floor exercise area, vaulting, trampoline . All counselors have bunk responsibilities . 20

years +. Salary $650·$1000 , depending on experience, room , board , laundry + travel and clothing allowance . June 19th-August 22nd. Complete details to: Allen Cramer, 180 East End Ave ., New York, NY 10028 (212) 744·3420.

The Weatherford Independent School District, Weatherford, Texas, Is seeking two gymnas· tics coaches for grades 7·12. Must be certified to teach history and health education . Other fields will be considered . For more Information, contact Joe Tison, (817) 599·7042, or request application: Drawer N, Weatherford, TX , 76086 . USGF GYMNASTICS JULY/AUGUST '82

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Profile for USA Gymnastics

USGF Gymnastics - July/August 1982  

USGF Gymnastics - July/August 1982